Interview with Dr. Joseph Hulse, / International
/ Director of Agriculture'Technical/Revelopment Research Centre
Box 8500 osthve i iI tudy on P
60 Queen Et (e post-harve o tuood processing tech.
Ottawa, Canada interviewed at jame on Hotel, Harare ZIM
The first problem to address in the consultation is to determine
what tkh post harvest losses are. Are they nutritional losses, or
market losses? What arethe agencies or sources of these losses and
how can these be reduced.
The approach that the team used tas to examine agriculture as a system
which began with the production of food in the field and ended with the
digestion of food in the stomach of the individual. Chinks in the system
result in post harvest losses. In order to understand where the losses
are, one must first understand .what the system in each individual
country is. What are the instgilons that are working and hat can they
be made to work betters What is yn$ needed is a regional institute
for the study of post-harvest food losses.
The institutional infrastructure in Zimbabwe is "second to none in the
world, especially with regards to sorghum production." Indded, the overall
rural post harvest ysjstem in Zimbabwe is rather good. What is needed
is additional training for small rcale food processing and for the
production of food processing and production machinery in Zimbabwe.
Some steps are btgx being taken in their direction in Zimbabwe.
A Food Stience Departpment is starting at the University of Zimbabwe.
The key to the success or the failure of this departdewk will be
tktxtm~a its ability to develop a xi program of study that fits its the
needs of the country, nag one which fits in with European models.
There needs to be a heavy emphas-.s on practical and applied study which
will have immediate benefits.
Since UDI, most of the small scale training in the economy has been
undertaken by private .companies. What Zimbabwe and Sadco need now is
to build upon this expertise with a heavy do.Sc of physical and
natural sciences QA well as a fair amount of systems theory so that
students will understand how to think about post harvest loss reduction
as well as understand what can be done bout reducing the loss.
ODD FACTS: In 1970 Tanzania increased the support price for.grain.
Schools could not open An time because they were all used for r-7.rain
storage that year.
9 In Botswana, Leather is tanned tnly to the blue wet stage.
John Hawthore(orne?) is in Food Shience and nutrition, but I do not know
where. Perhaps Zimbabwe?