Caribbean Compass
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095627/00053
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean Compass the Caribbean's monthly look at sea & shore
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 35 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Compass Pub.
Place of Publication: Bequia St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Bequia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Creation Date: July 2011
Publication Date: 2002-
Frequency: monthly
Subjects / Keywords: Boats and boating -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Yachting -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 54085008
issn - 1605-1998
System ID: UF00095627:00053


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The Caribbean's Monthly Look at Sea & Shore

JULIY 2011 I NM E 19

Whats me P-robiemf
The Caribbean yachting industry.. 15

Fun and Tasty
Eye on Anguilla ......................... 18

inagua - ureatu
A salty Bahamian island .......... 22

Mystery Cruise Tank U
Guess where.............................20 Holding tank for dummies .........31


Info & Updates................... 4
Business Briefs.................... 7
Eco-News .............................. 11
Regatta News ........................ 12
Meridian Passage.............. 22
Sailor's Horoscope............. 32
Cruising Crossword............... 32
Island Poets........................ 33
Dolly's Deep Secrets............ 33

Tel: (784) 457 3409, Fax (784) 457 3410

Editor........................................... Sally Erdle
sally@caribbeancompass. corn
Assistant Editor ...................Elaine Ollivierre
Advertising & Distribution ........Tom Hopman
Art, Design & Production......Wilfred Dederer
Accounting ............................Shellese Graigg
Compass Agents by Island:
Il'. J.I I , I h ll ,,hi .. I, 'Tulloch

.,A ... ..... .. ...r i i

. , IIh l ,1, . , I , ,1

The Caribbean Sky............... 34
Book Reviews..................... 35
Cooking with Cruisers.......... 36
Readers' Forum ..................... 37
What's on My Mind............... 40
Calendar of Events............... 41
Caribbean Market Place.....42
Classified Ads .................... 46
Advertisers' Index.............. 46

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ISSN 1605- 1998

Cover photo: Veteran traveler Kay E. Gilmour's portrait of the 251 metre (822 foot) Kaieteur Falls, one of Guyana's major attractions

Floril .Gii G- _.JtZrm Co.rpass covers inre Car.bbean- FroT. Cuba o Tr.n.dad. IroT.
Pan3rl3 io B3rbud3. we ye gol ine news and v.wv Inl31 a310or_
GUf of 3 - Ic ue We re ine Carbbean . monirly Iook a se. and .nore
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Click Google Map link below to find the Caribbean Compass near you!
http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?t=h&hl=en&ie=UTF8&msa--&msid=112776612439699037380.000470658db371bf3282d&11=14.54105 65.830078&spn=10.196461,14.0625&z=6&source=embed


Colombia Aims to Develop Yachting
In 2007 the Government of Colombia hosted the United Nations World Tourism
Organization's General Assembly with more than a hundred ministers of tourism and
a thousand participants from around the world gathering in Cartagena de Indias.
Now, Colombia's Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism reports that this South

Colombian yacht tourism interests met in the newly popular crising destination of
Santa Marta to discuss developing the industry along this country's Caribbean coast

American country aims to develop its nautical tourism industry to bring more tourists
to its Caribbean coast.
A joint forum between public and private entities in the field was held in March in
the popular tourism and yachting destination of Santa Marta with the aim of includ-
ing the Colombian coast in cruising routes between the Caribbean islands, Central
and South America. The Minister of Commerce, Industry and Tourism, Sergio Diaz-
Granados, presented policies that his agency has designed for businesses in this sec-
tor, which seek to make nautical tourism endeavors both attractive and profitable.
There are approximately two million pleasure boats in the Caribbean Sea each
year, said Diaz-Granados. He estimated that more than US$1 billion would be need-
ed to develop the industry in Colombia with ten marinas and other tourism services.
Welcome St. Maarten's New MTA Board!
On May 26th the St. Maarten Marine Trades Association had its annual general
meeting and elections. The new board consists of President Brian Deher (IGY); Vice


The St. Maarten Marine Trades Association's new board: from left to right,
Valeska Luckert, Kass Johnson, Lorraine Talmi and Brian Deher

President Kass Johnson (Dockside Management); Treasurer Lorraine Talmi (The Wired
Sailor); Secretary Valeska Luckert (Palapa Marina); and members Patrick Barrett
(Yacht Club Port De Plaissance); Michael Ferrier (Napa); Robbie Ferron (Budget
Marine); Mark Mingo (Simpson Bay Lagoon Authority) and Garth Steyn (Aqua Mania).
Continued on next page

Lagoon 55
J \ \


Doyle Sailmakers
6 Crossroads
St. Philip
Tel: (246) 423 4600

British Virgin Islands
Doyle Sailmakers
Road Reef Marina
Tel: (284) 494 2569

Antigua & Barbuda Colombia Curacao Dominica
Star Marine Rosales Marina Kapiteinsweg #4 Dominica Marine Center
Jolly Harbour Cartegena Netherland Antilles Roseau
Puerto RicO St. Croix, USVz Grenada
Atlantic Sails and Canvas Wilsons' Cruzan Canvas Turbulence Ltd.
Fajardo Christiansted Spice Island Boat Works

St. Lucia
The Sail Loft, St. Lucia
Rodney Bay

St. Vincent
Barefoot Yacht Charters
Blue Lagoon

Trinidad & Tobago
Soca Sails, Ltd.

..-.o .-:: i p :1n..-.g S, :i.-i for Puerto Rico and USVI
On May 25th, the US Customs and Border Protection announced the availability of
the Small Vessel Reporting System in areas including Puerto Rico and the US Virgin
Islands. The online reporting tool is a voluntary program and will expedite the entry
process for participating boaters coming back into US waters. The system is open to
US citizens and permanent residents, and Canadian citizens.
"The Small Vessel Reporting System allows boaters to pre-register with (Customs) in
order to obtain an expedited clearance upon arrival in the US," executive director
John Wagner said. "The (system) makes the reporting process easier and faster."
Once enrolled, boat owners file a small vessel reporting float plan prior to their
departure from the United States if the trip begins there or prior to their entry into
that country if the trip begins elsewhere.
Upon arrival in US waters, boat masters can then call Customs at the closest port
of entry with the float plan identification number they received when the plan was
filed, answer a few Customs questions and receive clearance to enter the country.
For more information visit https://svrs. cbp.dhs. gov.

Light Relief...
The Grenada Board of Tourism thanks the general public for its kind assistance in
the nreasrvatinn of the 31 onlar Inmnnnosts on the Carennan waterfront in the historic.

Visit Grenada's pretty Carenage - but please don't tie up to the lampposts!

capital, St. George's. These solar-powered lampposts complement the ambiance
and natural aesthetics of the Carenage, and also give an additional sense of securi-
ty to anyone enjoying an evening walk along the harbour. However, boaters are
reminded that these lampposts are not to be used for tying up dinghies or other ves-
sels. The Grenada Board of Tourism would like to encourage everyone to preserve
the integrity and beauty of this unique waterfront.

Eight Bells
Patsy Boiling reports: Sailing writer Joe Russell died of cancer in April in California.
Joe was a bluewater sailor, Caribbean charter skipper, and author of cruising
guides, articles for Cruising World magazine, and the book The Last Schoonerman.
The CSA Newsletter reports: Relatives and friends of Malcolm Maidwell are mourn-
ing their loss as he passed away at age 73 on May 7th. He was born in 1938 and
came to St. Maarten in 1968 from Grenada where he met and married Liz Lyder
after crossing the Atlantic in a 25-foot boat from South Africa. He made St. Maarten
his home and started the first boatbuilding yard in Cole Bay (Land Sea Air) with
Peter Spronk.

Caribbean's Oldest Shipwreck Found?
A Utah-based underwater exploration company, Deep Blue Marine Inc., working
under contract with the Dominican Republic's National Office of the Ministry of
Underwater Culture might have "rediscovered" the oldest shipwreck ever found in
the Caribbean, off the north coast of the Dominican Republic. "We have found a
shipwreck that we can definitively date back to 1535," Deep Blue Marine CEO Wilf
Blum says, according to Utah journalist Matt Hopkins.
The company's website notes, "At this point we are unable to identify the actual
name of the ship... We initially located a ballast pile in the area of the reef, as well
as a small, corroded falcon-type cannon made of foundry iron. The wreck's location
has been a well-kept secret amongst the local fishermen, who for years have occa-
sionally recovered cannons, coins, and ceramic pieces that have worked their way
to the surface of the sandy bottom. We don't consider ourselves to be the discover-
ers of this site, but rather the re-discoverers of what is potentially a very historic ship-
wreck. The history of this wreck is not totally clear at this point, but we hope to gain
more insights as our recovery work continues."
The 16th century was the beginning of the golden age of the Spanish treasure gal-
leons and the resultant rise of piracy in the Caribbean. One of their most frequented
shipping routes from Panama to Europe was via the Windward Passage between
Cuba and Hispaniola, and over the top of Hispaniola - past the north shore of what
is now the Dominican Republic.
For more information visit www. alldeepblue.com.

Cruisers Site-ings
* Author and environmental correspondent Julia Whitty considers all things ocean-
ic at http://deepbluehome.blogspot.com. Check out her June 1 st explanation of
why this will be an unusually active hurricane season.
-Continued on next page

. . iai o.i..'g/:p; .i~,.nee' c-... : I .:r i . :.I.. : i i: / Mt. Gay Rum. Whether
you're a casual cruiser or a competitive racer, this is a place where sailors can cele-
brate every facet of the sport. Connect with fellow sailors, discuss a race, argue a
protest, upload regatta pictures, or even find a crew.
* Single and sailing? Visit Lovesail.com, an online dating site and social network
for sailors.
* Heading for Los Roques? Visit http://Ilosroques.org.
* Even if you're not desperate, check out www.desperatesailors.com. It's a free
boat, crew and services site for boaters, by boaters.
Helping Hands Across the Sea
Hands Across the Sea is a non-profit charitable organization founded by cruisers TL
and Harriet Linskey and dedicated to raising the literacy levels of Caribbean chil-
dren by assisting schools and libraries in Caribbean communities.
Hands Across the Sea, a Dolphin 460 sailboat, is the Linskeys' mobile base of oper-
ations for assisting children, schools and community libraries in the islands of the
Caribbean. In 2007 TL and Harriet sold their house in Massachusetts and bought
Hands Across the Sea, which is now their home. The Linskeys spend June to October
fulfilling "Wish List" requests, and then spend November to May sailing among the
islands of the Caribbean, working hands-on with local teachers, school principals
and US Peace Corps Volunteers.
Of their most recent cruise, Harriet says, "Hands crew had a very productive expe-
rience working on-site in the Eastern Caribbean. We visited more than 60 schools,
local libraries and community centers on Anguilla, Antigua, St. Kitts & Nevis,
Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines and Grenada, and we saw first-
hand that Hands Across the Sea is indeed making a big difference in the lives of
Caribbean children. From pre-school to kindergarten to primary school to high-
school students starved for new books, to principals and teachers in need of teach-
ing supplies, to rural schools devastated by hurricanes, to local libraries desperate
for books, the positive change - all of it made possible by donors' generous sup-
port - was wonderful to behold."
A great way to support Hands is to go to the Wish Lists at www.handsacrossthe-
sea.net, find a project that appeals to you, and "adopt" it (the fundraising goal
for each school is listed) by specifying (either in the Comments field of their web-
site's Pay Pal "Donate" button or in a note with your check) that your donation
must go toward your adopted project. Please note that the Linskeys own and
maintain their sailboat with their own funds; no part of any donation to Hands
Across the Sea, Inc. goes toward paying for any aspect of the sailboat nor for any
of the Linskeys' living expenses.
For more information visit www.handsacrossthesea.net.
Carriacou Auction's Coming!
Are you thinking that you should be planning to raise your waterline during
your haulout this hurricane season? Too much stuff on your boat? Think about
this: any spare parts you don't need, any clean used clothing, any household
goods - leave them at the Carriacou Yacht Club for the annual auction at
the end of this month (July 29th), sponsored by the Carriacou Children's
Education Fund (CCEF). And think about this: come join the fun and the fund-


Want to raise your waterline this haulout? Donate your unused gear
to the CCEF auction!
raising! Don't forget there is free wireless in Tyrrel Bay -just make a donation
to CCEF.
For more information contact ccefinfo@gmail.com.
Welcome Aboard!
In this issue of Caribbean Compass we welcome aboard new advertisers
Integra Marine Coatings of Trinidad, on page 9; and Oceans Watch international
on page 47.
Good to have you with us!

r Slamar
,'^ Tn.- , -.- ir . -, ' , ..? .; .: .- : , '.i

,'Our products are pre-packaged for your convenience Siftr Hhe/d' rff!


Free Cruising Guides Now Reformatted
Frank Virgintino reports: The Free Cruising Guides that are available at www.free-
cruisingguide.com have now been released in newly formatted editions and can
be downloaded in EPUB format as well as PDF format - absolutely free. The guides
are also available in Kindle format at the Amazon bookstore.
I am also pleased to announce the forthcoming release of A Thinking Man's Guide
to Voyaging South: The many facets of Caribbean Cruising. This nearly 200-page
book covers all routes from North America to the Caribbean and breaks the
Caribbean down into four quadrants with discussions of cruising in each quadrant.
The book will be available free at www.freecruisingguide.com and also through the
Amazon bookstore as a Kindle e-book.
For more information see ad on page 14.
S Charter Yachts:
, Register Now fort
For moreAntigua Show
The Antigua Charterd
Yacht Meeting has
announced the

National Sailing Scheme in Trinidad & Tobago. The training is aimed at all boat users
opening of registra-

tions an international standard. The training will be delivered by Marine 50tMaven
Annual Antigua
many years experience in the training field and the senior yacharter yacht showA
for agents, press,
non-exhibiting ven-
For more ifora visit wwwmariemavedors and yachts.
Second EditionEarly registration dis-
Captain Lou Keedy by Joe Russell. This history of the Atlaonly: yachts thataribb reg-
mercial schooner tradeister from now documents the life of Captain Lou Kenedy (19101991)
August 31st will
founder of the recently revived schooner race around Bareceive ten percent
discount on their
registration fee.
For more information visit wwwantlesigufiyachtshow.com.
New Company to Provide TTSA Training
A new local company, Marine Maven, has been appointed as an accredited
training service provider to the Trinidad & Tobago Sailing Association (TTSA). A range
of yacht and pleasure boat training courses are now available as part of the new
National Sailing Scheme in Trinidad & Tobago. The training is aimed at all boat users,
including sailing, power and motor boating, and is designed to provide qualifica-
tions of an international standard. The training will be delivered by Marine Maven
(T&T) Ltd and headed by Hedge Shuter, an MCA/RYA Ocean Yachtmaster with
many years experience in the training field and the senior yacht instructor at TTSA.
Both practical boating and shore-based navigation courses are available from
beginner to expert level.
For more information visit www.marinemaven.com and www.ttsailing.org.
Second Edition of The Last Schoonerman
Now available is a new edition of The Last Schoonerman, The Remarkable Life of
Captain Lou Kenedy, by Joe Russell. This history of the Atlantic and Caribbean com-
mercial schooner trade documents the life of Captain Lou Kenedy (1910-1991),
founder of the recently revived schooner race around Barbados. The book has
been redesigned and updated with more historical detail and scores of photos. Fine
Edge Nautical & Recreational Publishing is now taking orders for the second edition.
For more information contact sales@fineedge. com.
Free 'Chip and Putt' at Ali Baba's
Mark Denebeim reports: Ali Baba's Restaurant and Bar located on Jost Van Dyke,

BVI offers the Caribbean's only two-hole "chip and putt" golf course - and it's free!
It was donated by www.oceanbreezetours.com, so when you enjoy a happy hour
round or two, please make sure you say, "Thanks, Ocean Breeze!"
Marine WiFi Perfected with The WirieAP
As a result of months of research, testing, development and collaboration with Alfa
Network, Inc. (a leading provider of networking hardware), Island Consulting brings
you a new product that will fulfill the needs of modern long-range WiFi users: The
The WirieAP uses most of the high-grade components of the original Wirie and is still
fully waterproof, but contains a wireless access point (router). This "hot spot" allows the
customer to create his/her own local wireless network on their boat. No Ethernet or
USB cable is required and the unit is powered by a simple 12-volt DC electrical cable.
The WirieAP allows all WiFi enabled devices, such as laptops, iPods, iPhones, chart
plotters and printers to connect to the local access point and share the long-range
internet connection. Information can also be shared among the different devices
without needing access to the internet.
For more information visit www.thewirie.com.
New Inter-Island Ferry Service Announced
It seems that a new ferry service is announced every year or so, but few actually
get underway. We hope this one does. L'Express Des lies recently announced that
the Jeans Ferry Service will begin on October 20th, offering travel between
Dominica, St. Lucia, Guadeloupe and Martinique, plus weekend charters to
Montserrat, Antigua, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Martin and St. Vincent & the Grenadines.
For more information visit www. express-des-ies. com.
Panama's Red Frog Marina
Daniel Cranney reports: The new Red Frog Marina and Resort is located in Bocas
del Toro, Panama, about 150 miles from the Panama Canal on the leeward side of
Isla Bastimentos.


Red Frog Marina can handle monohulls and multihulls up to 180 feet with deep-
water access all the way into the marina. All docks have floating decking with an
anchoring system engineered to 85 knots of wind. There is a workshop, secure stor-
age for boat equipment, dinghies and outboards, and weekly free transportation
into Bocas town. The resort offers luxury villa accommodations as well as an afford-
able jungle lodge for yacht crews.
For more information visit www.redfrogbeach.com.
Montserrat Nature Guidebook Bargain
A Guide to the Centre Hills, a comprehensive guidebook on Montserrat's nature
and wildlife written by Steve Holliday of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds,
is now available at a reduced price of ECS30. This comprehensive 140-page full-
colour book provides an insight into the unique biodiversity of the Centre Hills, which
are home to a dazzling array of plants and animals, including the endemic
Montserrat Oriole. The Guide also provides information on the island's eight main hik-
ing trails and the main features on each trail.
For more information contact info@montserrattourism.ms.



xan x, . Higher productivity by 20 to 30% compared to a 12 V solar panel. due to 24 V panels
< * . installed with the mppt Xantrex regulator.
* Improved charging time: works with less sun.
p * . Improved efficiency: the 3 stage regulator and 2 programmable outputs (gel or acid) do not
*** lower the batteries' tension.
. Increased gain at cable level: losses are divided by two.
CP-Solar . Reinforced efficiency as two sets of batteries can be loaded at one time.

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'Fair Winds' to

Jonathan Fisher

by Chris Doyle

It is 0730 in Grenada, the cruisers'VHF net has just started and the net control
ler says, "Let's go to Jonathan at Island Water World for the weather." Jonathan
booms back: "Yes, this is Jonathan at Island Water World with the weather
reports which are in two main sections: the first for those staying on the island,
then the offshore forecast for those going to sea.
-.......... . , , .,, I , - - I A . ; been getting up at about 0500, so he can be in the
I .n ..... , .I 'o analyze the weather and give the forecast a good
half hour before the store opens. We have -t 1 - I to it, and we are going to miss
it, because Jonathan is heading back to 1 I
In 2002 Jonathan was cruising around looking for some work. He had an excel-
lent technical background in racing cars and big yachts, but wanted something
ashore where he could spend more time with his wife, Fenella. He was enquiring
about j i 1 .1 T-1 ... 1"'.I , World in Sint Maarten, and was waiting for a response
when I II I ....... ..... the Grenada store came up. Jonathan gave it some
thought. Grenada was a very pleasant island, and also way south, well below the
hurricane belt. He accepted and started work towards the end of 2002.
He was right about the pleasant island, wrong about the hurricanes. Ivan hit in
2004, on Fenella's birthday, and what a present! Ivan turned out to be the tenth
most intense storm ever, an experience Jonathan is happy he survived but hopes
never to experience again. After the first hard winds, Jonathan had slipped out-
side to clear some fallen .... . when he looked up and saw a wall of white
water littered with scads I I I o. hurtling towards him. He managed to duck
behind a wall before it reached him, and then in a slight lull slip back into the
house while he had the chance, so he could watch the windows bowing in on the
.t. ..d all the palm trees in front of the house being ripped out of the ground.
orf 7I 7 (,IB4) s4 torm, back at the store, he made sure his staff were all alive and then
got everyone working part time so they could also fix up their homes during the
rest of the day.

When Jonathan started at Island Water World, the Grenada Cruisers Net was

only operating a few days a week. Jonathan got his radio set up and started by
Spilling in on the spare days. His delivery was so appreciated that he was quickly
co opted into doing the weather every day. Leroy Baptiste, Grenada's main cornm
HIGHPERFORMANCEANTIFOU N S FOR m nications man, hearing his presence on the air, invited him to connect to the
FOR big Grenada repeaters, and ever since he has boomed in loud and clear - not only
W T all over Grenada but even down to Tobago and up to St. Vincent.
Having a good VHF presence helped in other ways. One time Jonathan helped
coordinate the rescue of a local fishing boat that was lost at sea. Another time it
Jouf } AD "._,JW U tnS noi d' ur pOwilnrig Only proved useful at dealing with a theft. Someone had walked out of the shop with
a valuable fridge part. They had taken the item into the toilet, unwrapped it, and
.C Jotun J'�-9-PV .. r i'-.i UNuipaSd I1 lif. t*no slipped out with it in their bag. Jonathon came on the next morning and said,
S rlr"rWe want the person who stole the refrigeration part to know we not only know
"Joun -J2 , Lp, rkL, � T .'uA~ the ULTI MAT combination who did it, but have it all on record on our store camera. If the part comes back
O efficiency and service life today we will not prosecute." The part arrived via a taxi driver. Oh, the power of
Scoppere Jonathan has brought to Island Water World a climate of first class service. He
,Jotun co per;" r fr Aluminum ve/ t always gave good and knowledgeable advice. He would help people clear their
boat parts out through Customs, even when they did not originate with Island
Water World (a service that was well appreciated and brought many people into
the store, where sooner or later they would spend money). He came up with the
idea of a book swap coffee morning, which became a popular event on the first
Wednesday of each month. The idea was to raise money for the Grenada Heart
Tectuail Intwrmatw ad De Irqum Foundation, which helps people get advanced treatment in the US. Foodland
~Tev l Intom n Dealer IrnquIno.3 supermarket and Le Phare Bleu Marina partnered by 'iiyyin the coffee and
ECHO-MARINE - QUALITY COATINGS. bread. Over the years it has raised many thousands (I I II .,- Jonathan also
TRINIDAD kept a big barrel in the store so people could donate stuff they no longer needed
Tel :1 868 634 4144 or 1072 to Grensave.
Jonathan introduced Island Water World's free, bay wide WiFi service. The
mail IOIkun@e -o-arile Corn yachts loved it, it was good for business, and while Jonathan was there the store
JOTUN is also avaabl at all nnidada more than doubled in size and turnover. He has also kept his customers amused,
JOTUN ~I~ also ai 3 a[ all l n.ir as during the months when he looked after a cruiser's parrot. At first he kept it at
shipyards as wel as all bran les of home, but its screeching drove Fenella crazy, so Jonathan brought it to the store
ISLAND WATER WORLD + where it became a major attraction.
Jonathan, you . 1, . 1.,. 1 . 1 , , the UK, with its pensions and healthcare, and
BEQUIA VENTURE in the GRENADINES we know you will I". - ... i tteresting to turn your attention to. You have
bequk al rturr@vincysurf co~ i (784) 4%3 31 made a major mark on Grenada's cruising community, and we will all miss you.

St. VOdatnUncharted to

Mainstream Waters

by Christy Recaii
It may be hard for avid yachties to grasp tha i i. i.... sector in St. Lucia is
considered the underdog compared to the other 1 - 11. local tourism industry,
particularly when the world-renowned Atlantic Rally for Cruisers (ARC) has had its
finish line in St. Lucian waters for the last 20 years and the IGY Rodney Bay Marina
is considered to have some of the best amenities in the Eastern Caribbean. On June
3rd, a press conference was held by the St. Lucia Tourist Board to address just that.

i = m ma_ a
Above: Ioan Herman, Marketing Manager of the St. Lucia Tourist Board, and Cuthbert
Didier, Director of Yachting, announced a project aimed at increasing this country's
yacht arrivals by 15 percent
Below: More yachts mean more business opportunities

Cuthbert Didier, Director of Yachting for St. Lucia, highlighted that the yachting
sector is moving from a niche market to a strong vibrant yachting industry as the St.
Lucia Tourist Board is embarking on a project to increase the number of visitors
arriving by yacht by 15 percent.
"The primary objectives are to develop and review the legislation and regulatory
framework that can guide the yachting sector to be competitive. And when we say
competitive, we are not looking at our immediate neighbors, we are looking at
Monaco, Cannes - the Mediterranean market," he said.
But what exactly has made yachting and tourism officials confident that the local
yachting sector can go 'bow to bow' with more established markets? Certainly that
can be credited to the ... . .- i ..... - . 1. past year. In 2010, a total of 32,052
-r"-,n" -rri-in 1- - . 1.1 i , i i i. ... the IGY Rodney Bay Marina - an
.... - ,,, ... , and a total of 6,383 yacht calls were made at the
IGY Rodney Bay Marina - an increase of 4.3 percent from the previous year. SLASPA
(St. Lucia Air and Sea Ports Authority) and SLTB only --:.1; r-- - data from the
Marigot Bay Marina in January 2010. For that year, -. i . i i - ._ - , arrivals were
recorded at that port, bringing the total number of persons arriving by yacht in 2010
to 42,311 and the total number of yachts calling at both ports to 8,446. Year to date
data (January to April 2011) reveals that total arrivals for the four month period is
18,196 - a three percent increase from 2010; 72 percent of that total (13,098) was
recorded at the IGY Rodney Bay Marina.
Ian Herman, Marketing Manager with responsibility for special markets, said that,
with an expenditure by the yachting sector in 2010 estimated at US$60 million,
another component of the efforts going forward iP i-- "rifn-in St. Lucia's yachting
beyond the ARC through marketing, particularly ..i... I ave identified critical
websites or more important websites that we can put things like promotional ban-
ners on. We will be presenting things like e-newsletters, which of course we can
share with the media, but obviously they will be tailored for captains, boat charterers
and crewmembers. It is critical to understand that both the captains and crew are
the ones making the final decisions." The decisions Herman '- r-f-rir. to are the
coveted destination decisions, when keeping in mind the ..... ii . 15 percent
increase in yacht arrivals.
Other strategies projected are lengthening the stay of visitors from the average 28
days to three months and increasing business opportunities in areas such as boat
repairs and waterfront condos. Another aspect officials are in-1i;.: -n the agenda
is what they describe as facilitating "a strong sense of law .i . .... presence on
the waters" as the numbers are expected to increase.
Christy Recall is a Saint Lucian journalist who has a passion for sailing. She is a
Hunter College graduate with a BA in Media Studies. You can find her either on the
water or the docks seeking out the next marine scoop! She can be contacted at



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Now: Don't Toss Even a Banana Peel!
On May 1st the Caribbean Sea became a Special Area for the prevention of pollu-
tion by garbage generated from ships in accordance with the provisions of the

.~ . 1-

ivew regutlarons wut netp reauce ine amount oj garDage in LanoDean waters

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1978 as
amended, commonly known as the MARPOL Convention. From now on ships trad-
ing in the Caribbean, including pleasure craft, are prohibited from discharging any
ship-generated garbage - including all plastics, paper products, rags, glass, metals,
crockery, dunnage and r i'-.:. t-r.l= -into the sea.
Disposal into the sea .-1 - -1. .11 be made as far as practicable from land,
but in any case not less than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land; an exception
being food wastes which have been passed through a grinder (and are capable of
pas -.... 1 .... i screen with openings no greater than 25 millimetres), which shall
be I.- - I i .- far as practicable from land, but in any case not less than three
nautical miles from the nearest land.
Caribbean countries are now able to enforce stricter standards on ships calling at
ports and marinas or when they are transiting territorial waters. At the 60th session
of the IMO's Marine Environmental Protection Committee last March, it was agreed
that adequate reception facilities for garbage are now available in the Caribbean
area, and the provisions can be enforced.

NGOs Support Venezuela's Reintroduction to IWC
In late May, some 20 cetacean conservation organizations from throughout Latin
America demonstrated their support for the reintroduction of Venezuela into the
International Whaling Commission by delivering petitions to the Venezuelan embas-
sies in their respective countries. The petitions request-d that --n -1. r.-in that
international body, which regulates the hunting and ..... ', , . I . , .
stocks. The point was made that as a united bloc with a conservationist position, the
Latin American countries would have increased power to advance actions aimed at
the protection of cetaceans.
The Dominican Republic and Colombia recently rejoined the IWC.

Researchers: Caribbean Whales Speak 'Patois'
A group of researchers from the Dominica Sperm Whale Project have determined
that whales from the Caribbean have different 'dialects' than those from the North

Atlantic or Pacific - similar to Caribbean 'patois' or 'creole' being distinct from other
.l human dialects. The researchers also discovered that baby sperm whales
i just like human infants, before they have learned to 'talk' properly.
The researchers have i .. 1 - 1 i 11 .... .. .. ..I of sperm whales, called the
"group of seven", made ' I ... -. - . ' .. ...... ... I two juvenile males, as they
fed, played and cruised off the coast of Dominica. The research team, which includ-
ed Shane Gero, of Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, determined
that sperm whales use accents to identify themselves to others in their extended
family group.
The pattern of clicks used by the sperm whales to communicate are known as
codas and the scientists realized they know which whale is r-:i. -and they are
able to recognize strangers from any region due to the sound ' 1. i .- Codas can
be heard up to one kilometer away.
According to Gero, "Just as we can tell our friends apart by the sounds of their
voices and the way they pronounce their words, sperm whales can identify each
other by the different accents of the clicks. We also discovered that Caribbean and
Pacific whales have different repertoires of codas, much like regional dialects."
The :,,, ,, . 11, , -earchers were recently published in AnimalBehaviour magazine.
Fo r.. . .... ... . on the Dominica Sperm Whale Project visit http://whitelab.

Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program Launched
The US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) recently
launched a new Caribbean Tsunami Warning Program, which aims to increase
awareness and preparedness throughout the Caribbean. On June 10th, NOAA and
its federal partners met with East Coast, Gulf and Caribbean state officials to dis-
cuss tsunami warning capabilities and the need for better local preparedness.
The tsunami threat is often overlooked in the Atlantic Basin, including the Gulf of
Mexico and Caribbean Sea, because catastrophic events in that region have been
rare. However, in January 2010, an earthquake off the coast of Haiti generated a
10-foot high tsunami, and nearly 2,000 people were killed in 1946 when a tsunami
struck the Dominican Republic.

NOAA's two tsunami warning centers provide around-the-clock monitoring and
warning of tsunami threats for the United States and many other parts of the world.
. . in the effort to deliver accurate tsunami forecasts is a vast network of
i - unami detection buoys, which use satellite technology to transmit wave
height to the warning centers as a tsunami passes, and coastal tide and water-level
gauges positioned near coastlines and harbors to measure waves at impact.
For tsunami warnings in the Caribbean Sea visit http://ptwc.weather.

Extend your Anchor Rode!
Cuban scientists calculate that median sea levels around that Caribbean nation will
rise more than 30 inches by the end of the century due to global climate change.
A, r-lin - to a June 17th report in the newspaper Granma, Abel Centella, scien-
i .il. h,, i , of the country's Meteorological Institute, said that models predict the
sea will rise 10.6 inches (27 centimeters) by 2050, and 33.5 inches (85 centimeters)
by 2100. International scientific studies have ] i j- -t 1 - levels will rise between
30 and 75 inches (190 centimeters) by the end i 1. ,.... fed by melting glaciers
and ice caps. Sea level rises will not be uniform worldwide due to currents, winds
and other factors.
Cuban Government scientist Marcelino Hernandez warned of the need to protect
environments that can mitigate the effects of sea encroachm. i I .. . now it is
urgent to preserve mangroves, coral reefs, sea grass and sand . i. - Iernandez
said. "Each of these ecosystems is a natural barrier to defend the coasts from the
impact of climate change. If they deteriorate, the consequences will be worse."

Trinidad Sportsfishermen Demand Answers
Steven Valdez reports: Sportsfishermen of Trinidad ano .. - .y that in recent
years they have seen a marked drop in their catch rate. i ., i 1 fishermen that
participate in the Trinidad and Tobago Game F-1..... - - . . .. - (TTGFA) tourna-
ments throughout the year complain that it is 11 I ...1 1 1. I li-r They say
that these mostly foreign vessels rape the waters around our .,,', ,,i i ... Island
State of the - -1. - fi sh (including but not limited to marlin, sailfish, kingfish and
wahoo). Man; 1 1,1 .... question why foreign long-liners are allowed to operate in our
country since they create very little local employment and most of their catch is
exported to foreign countries. Dominic "Wallv" Wallace of Reel Tackle and Seafood

Ltd says irinicdad and Tobago consumes a very small amount o0 marlin, saillisn and
swordfish but notes that eight to 15 refrigerated containers of marlin, sailfish,
swordfish and white marlin leave Trinidad every seven to ten days. Wally said that
when the Taiwanese boats offload in *, .......... - ., .1 1 . .. . 1 i tons
of billfish per boat being packed into: i,,. , . ,, .. . , ,I .,, 11 .I there
are more than three boats lined up a ,, ,, . ,,, i 1 . i i
The TTGFA recently invited the pop.i .. i..... I .... - .. .. i~ . ... .... with
TTGFA management committee members at the Trinidad & Tobago Yacht Club in
Bayshore, Trinidad to develop a strategy to bring awareness to the fishermen's cam-
paign for more stringent laws : 1 .,,,. - conservation. Both groups, along with the
Tobago Game Fishing Tournai, ,- I' i and the Southern Bill Fish Circuit will
seek to identify the problems and meet with the relevant stakeholders to get action
on this pressing matter.
The president of the TTGFA, Reginald MacLean, said that his committee will not
rest until something is done to reverse the current trend. "At the rate we are
going we will not be in a position to host tournaments in years to come as there
will be very few fish to catch," he stated. TTGFA main tournaments are strict
release tournaments.
The gamefishing industry has many players including the many tackle and bait
shops, boatbuilders and repair craftsmen, boat accessory suppliers and boatyard
staff. They rely on a vibrant fishing community to pay their bank loans and earn
their salary at the end of the month.
Not to be forgotten are the : .. 1... ,i,,,,.' , . - all .1 ..... . . .
coasts that rely on :.-i.... t i I 1 , : ......I. - Ga.
Fishermen and Frier, '- * .1 the Sea (FFOS), which represents these fishing com-
munities, adds that "for almost a decade fishermen in i I .. II I I . I - tinct
and significant drop in their catch rates during and long .11 . ... ..... - ...... sur-
veys were conducted. Seismic surveys involve specialized vessels towing an array
of air guns and hydrophone streamers while steaming slowly along a series of pre-
defined lines. The air guns create extremely loud sounds (loud enough to kill
marine animals within a few metres of the source), while the hydrophones detect
echoes of structures in the bedrock far below. In 2003, through the offices of the
For 1 i . 1 A i- --.1 Organisation of the United Nations, FFOS became informed
of - . .., -i,, i, - 'one to determine the impact of seismic surveys on bottom
dwelling and pelagic (surface dwelling) commercial species. These technical stud-
ies done in Canada, USA, Norway, and the North Sea to name a few, all show a 30
to 80 percent reduction in the average abundance of catch rates during and after
seismic surveys and some studies advise prohibition of seismic surveys in spawn-
ing areas, at spawning times and along :.... .. .*11. - Any seasoned fisherman
will confirm that seismic surveys cause -,.,,, ....i ... I unacceptable impacts on
catch rates."
Anyone with intimate knowledge of the subject of declining fish catch and willing to
assist is asked to contact PRO of the TTGFA, Steven Valdez, at info@ttgfa.com.



Mount Gay Rum Barbados Regatta a Hit!
Renata Goodridge reports: The weekend of May
13th through 15th saw 35 boats racing along the south
and west coasts of the island in the Mount Gay Rum
Barbados Regatta 2011. It was truly an Eastern



west coast scenery as a change from the Bay and
south-coast courses of the other fleets.
In the J/24 fleet, the local boats sailed against Trini,
Grenadian and Vincentian sailors, and the racing was
tight. Although Neil Burke's Impulse came out on top,
the point spread was close, and a tie for second
place overall went to Philip Barnard's Sailfish from St.
Vincent over Robert Povey's Hawkeye.
One of the continuing pleasures of this regatta is
that every participating sailor receives the regatta's
Mount Gay red cap - something that all sailors trea-
sure - as well as a regatta shirt! And the rum and
coconut water vendor is always a big treat down by
the beach, something the sailors enjoyed on both
afternoons before the prizegivings.
Thanks go to the sponsors Mount Gay Distilleries, the

4/ .

4 a 1 '\

"I was more consistent this year than last year,"
remarked Benoit, who finished second last year. "I
would have preferred more wind, because I'm in
good shape and Frits is also in good shape - needed
to sail Lasers."
Third place in the Standard Class went to the
Dominican Republic's 17-year-old Sebastian Bros. Manuel
Lehoux (16 years), also from the Dominican Republic,
won the Radial Class, ahead of St. Maarten sailmaker
Ernst Looser, with St6phane Ferron in third place.
Francois de Corlien won the Masters Category, reg-
ular stalwart Rien Korteknie was second and Henry
Fondeur took third place.
Winners in each class won Antoine Chapon paintings.
Light conditions prevailed both on Saturday and on
Sunday, producing a southeasterly breeze of about
ten knots. Six races were run over the windward-
leeward course on the Saturday and three on the
Sunday. "It was ideal conditions for Laser racing,
because everyone from the youngest to the oldest
could handle it," said Race Officer Andrew Rapley.
The regatta saw just 15 sailors participating - the
lowest turnout in years. Frits Bus attributed the low turn-
out to the general economic crisis and expensive
inter-island airfares.
The regatta was sponsored by Heineken Light and
Club Orient Resort and organized by the Sint Maarten
Yacht Club. Heineken's Managing Director John
Leone had the unusual distinction of being both a par-
ticipant and sponsor. "It's one thing sponsoring and
another to be a participant," said Leone, who raced
his own Laser. "It does give you an appreciation for
the hard work that goes into organizing the event."
Barbados Hosts J/24 International Open Regatta
The weekend of June 11th and 12th saw 14 J/24s
racing in Barbados, with two days of competitive rac-
ing and camaraderie in the First Citizens Investment
Services J/24 International Open Regatta. Boats and

Caribbean regatta, with competitors sailing their
boats from Trinidad, Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia
and Martinique to join the Bajan boats for great rac-
ing and fun liming at the Barbados Yacht Club. And
with an age spread of about 60 years between the
youngest and oldest skippers, sailors of all ages could
be found racing in every class.
Four classes participated: Racing (four entries),
Cruising A (five), Cruising B (11) and the J/24 one
design fleet (15). Racing Class was honoured to have
two boats from Martinique, with our very favorite Jean
Trudo helming one. The Bajan sailors were also happy
to see Reggie Williams and his Soverel 43, the famous
Legacy, sail up from Trinidad, and race to win Cruising
Class A, with the local Beneteau 53 Rapajam giving
tough competition. In Cruising Class B, races started in
Carlisle Bay and raced up the west coast. John Still's
Hunter 42, Perseverance, won that class, enjoying the

Barbados Yacht Club, the Barbados Sailing
Association, and Banks Breweries, with special thanks
to the Barbados Yacht Club - host and venue for the
whole regatta.
For full results visit www.sailbarbados. com.
Meesemaecker is New Caribbean Laser Champion
In St. Maarten, the second weekend of June saw
Benoit Meesemaecker of St. Barth's emerge the win-
ner of the 22nd Heineken Light Caribbean Laser
Championships, sailing the Standard rig and dominat-
ing the regatta from start to finish.
Superb concentration and tactical skill saw the
Frenchman win every race but one to nudge Dutch St.
Maarten's most successful sailor, Frits Bus, into second
place. Bus was unable to break Benoit 's vice-like grip on
the fleet and had to be content with all second place
finishes except the penultimate race, which he won.

crews from Trinidad, Grenada and St. Vincent com-
peted against the local J/24 sailors in a total of eight
races, allowing for one race drop. On the Saturday,
racing took place in Carlisle Bay, while on the Sunday
racing took place in front of Tapas Bar and Restaurant
on the boardwalk.
-Continued on next page

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S:: : : : : : : :host to the VIP lounge for
spectators and sponsors. The Sunday racing was
emceed by Renata Goodridge, allowing everyone
along the boardwalk to understand what was going
on out on the water. This was a great idea, as there
was plenty of positive feedback from both sailors and
non-sailors who watched the (very) nearshore racing
from land.
First and second place were tightly contested between
lan Mayers' Banks Esperanza and Bruce Bailey's Fully
Covered, with the former winning by just one point. Third
place was taken by Russell Corrie's Fadeaway, whose
skipper Charlie Gloumeau won the unofficial "Bump and
Tack" award during a tack out of the breakers in front of
Blakey's Boardwalk Bar and Restaurant, the daily sponsor
for Saturday's racing in the Bay.
Special thanks also go to sponsors First Citizens
Investment Service, Powerade, Banks Beer, the
Barbados Yacht Club and United Insurance, and to
intrepid race committee members Anne Tindale and
Peter Burke.
For full results visit www.j24barbados. com.
13th Premier's Cup International Youth Regatta
This Month
From July 8th through 10th, Kids And The Sea (KATS)
BVI along with the Rotary, Rotaract and Interact Clubs
of the BVI, and Platinum Sponsor Digicel, will host the
13th Annual Premier's Cup International Youth
Regatta at Nanny Cay Marina, Tortola.
The event is the only youth team sailing event in the
Caribbean and brings together young people
between the ages of ten and 18 for a weekend of fel-
lowship and competition. This year nine teams will be
attending, from Anguilla, Antigua, Grenada, Puerto
Rico, St. Croix, St. Lucia, St. Thomas, Tortola, and the
United States.
Teams arrive the Friday afternoon, to be welcomed
that evening by Premier, the Honourable Ralph T.

O'Neal, at the Welcome Reception at Peg Leg
Restaurant at Nanny Cay Resort & Marina. Multiple
races will be run on the Saturday from 9:00AM to
3:00pM and on the Sunday from 9:00AM to 1:00pM in
Drake's Passage. The Awards Ceremony will take
place at 3:00pM on the Sunday.
The public is welcome to the event to meet the
competitors and watch the action. There will be a VIP
boat to take spectators out on the course to see the
sailing up close.
For more information contact Tom Gerker at (284)
494-2830, John Lewis at (284) 340-8581 or Regatta
Chairman Brent Brydon at (284) 494-1407.
Round Guadeloupe Race in Traditional Sailing Canoes
The revival of traditional boat racing around the

Caribbean is a reminder of the nautical traditions of
our islands, and also a beautiful way to get young
islanders involved in sailing.
The 10th annual Round Guadeloupe Race in tradi-
tional "Saintoise" sailing canoes will take place from
July 9th through 17th under the ISAF Racing Rules of
Sailing, organized by the Comit6 Guadeloup6en de
Voile Traditionnelle. Strict rating rules have been

established. The Saintoise must be unsinkable. Its over-
all length shall be 5.35 meters, maximum beam 1.8
metres, mast height 7.25 metres and boom length 6.50
metres. But hull design is said to be less important than
the five-person crew that sails the boat. Steering a
Saintoise, with its stone ballast, is a tricky job in
unsheltered waters.
Legs of this year's regatta will take the fleet from
Pointe-a-Pitre to Morne-d-l'eau, Sainte-Rose, Bouillante,
Baillif, Terre de haut, Marie Galante (St. Louis), St. Francois
and Gosier, with celebrations at each destination.
For more information contact infocgvt@gmail.com.
Coming 'Just Now': The 46th Carriacou
Regatta Festival
The Carriacou Regatta Festival will celebrate its 46th
anniversary from July 24th through August 1st, with
races for international yachts, Carriacou sloops and
open boats from throughout the Grenadines. The two-
handed round-the-island race for yachts is always
a favorite.
This regatta started in 1965 as a small racing event in
Hillsborough Bay. The festival has now grown to
become the largest annual summer festival in the
region. Held over the Emancipation weekend each
year, it now includes a wide variety of sporting and
cultural activities. The regatta race events focus main-
ly on locally and regionally built workboats with some
12 different classes of boats, ranging from 14 to 35 or
more feet in length. Participating islands include sister
islands Grenada and Petite Martinique; also Antigua
and Tobago; as well as Canouan, Mayreau and
Bequia from the Saint Vincent Grenadines; and of
course, host island, Carriacou.
Other aspects of the festival include donkey racing,
greasy pole, road races, Miss Wet T-Shirt, and the Miss
Aquaval Queen Pageant, with participation from
Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, Barbados, Canouan,
Union Island and Carriacou.
-Continued on next page

. ...4....SL9 .S4W

- Mnirz




.,~ . ."~ u .....

-Continued from previous page

- .

The Carriacou Regatta
Festival Committee
invites you to experience
a true Caribbean
traditional festival.
For more information
see ad on page 13.



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- C2011 Caribbean Dinghy
.. w ~ Championships for August
The 2011 Caribbean
Dinghy Championships will
be held from August 19th
through 21 st in Antigua.
The Organising Authority is
the Antigua Yacht Club
Open boats Hurricane and Ace racing in Carriacou and the regatta is sanc
tioned by the Caribbean
Sailing Association.
Classes will include Laser Open, Laser Radial Open, Zoom 8 (age 16 and under),
Optimist (age 11 and under), Sport 16s Open (two persons) jib and main only. First,
second and third prizes will be given in each class and the CSA Dinghy
Championship trophy will be awarded to the winning team.
Final Registration will be on August 19th from 9:OAnd to 7:00PM at the Antigua
Yacht Club.
For more information visit www antiguayachtclub com.
Belize Joins the International Sailing Federation
The Council of the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) has approved the Belize
Sailing Association (BzSA) to become a full Member National Authority of the world
governing body for sailing. Belize has been allocated, by geographic location, to the
Group O, which includes 24 countries of North and South America, Central America
and the Caribbean. Belize now has full access to all benefits of membership includ-
ing the ability to participate in global sailing events and utilize all ISAF services.
Prior to 1870, individual yacht clubs developed their own sets of rules, creating
confusion over different measurement standards. Consequently, sailboats from dif-
ferent countries could not compete on equal terms. In 1881, the Yacht Racing
Association developed a set of rules for British waters. In 1906, the International
Yacht Racing Union (IRYU) was formed by most European countries. By 1929, the
North American Yacht Racing Union worded its rules equally, and reached agree-
ment that neither would change its rules without first informing the other. In 1960, a
universal code of racing rules was agreed upon and implemented.
The Belize Sailing Association was formed on February 17th, 2010, with aspirations
to develop sailing as a sport in Belize and participate in international events in due
course. Two core projects to provide "meaningful activity" for youth and adults
have been initiated as follows: Project Optimist for nine to 14 year old boys and girls
and Grand Fleet Sailing for young adults and older, to sail the traditional craft
unique to Belize such as the sand lighters, sailing dories and sloops.

Latitude 18" 20�21.3711V L ongit ude 6 5e 38'0 1.82W



What's the Problem?

(And What's the Strength?)

Summer 2011 is a good time to look at the "big picture" of the
Caribbean yachting industry - the enterprises that support recre-
ational sailing in the region. We asked several key figures in this
sector for their views on its current problems and strengths. There
was no doubt that they had already given this much thought -
responses were fired back almost immediately. Many thanks to all
who participated.

The Big Problems
We asked, "In your view, what is the biggest single problem facing the Caribbean
yachting industry today?"
* "CRIME!" chorused Robert Phillips, M ... ...- - -t- of Doyle Sailmakers in the
BVI; Hubert Winston, Managing Direct . i . ....... . marine Center; Ian Cowan,
General Manager of Island Water World St. Lucia; and Donald Stollmeyer, Managing
Director of Powerboats in Trinidad. Yachts have a powerful communication network
and destinations where crime is reportedly a problem have suffered profound eco-
nomic losses.
* "THE ECONOMY!" say Frank Virgintino, a cruising guide author who is also
associated with Marina Zarpar in the Dominican Republic; Dale Westin, General
Manager of Jamaica's Errol Flynn Marina; and author and yacht insurance broker
Don Street.
Frank states, "The biggest problem facing the yacht service industry is the world-
wide recession. I have been in the marina and service business all my life, and reces-
sions hit very hard on boatowners as boats are considered a luxury. This year at the
marina in the DR, US-flagged boats were almost non-existent and Canadian boats
in short supply. This represents a big problem for the marine service businesses
because fixed costs remain the same and vacancies and loss of service jobs hurt the
bottom line."
Dale adds, "The escalating cost of fuel is having a definite effect on the industry.
We are about mid-point between South Florida and the Panama Canal, and what
was once a continuous stream of motor yachts heading to the canal is now only a
Isabelle Prado of Mermer Location yacht charters in Martinique adds, "Airfares are
very expensive and this is a brake to our development."
Don warns that another sort of economic impact could be on the horizon.
"Increasing numbers of boats are stored ashore during hurricane season. Some

yards are jamming them in so close together that if a hurricane comes there will be
disasters. My boss asked me to investigate selling yacht yard and marina liability
insurance in the Caribbean. With very few exceptions I would not ask my worst
enemy to give yacht yard or marina liability insurance."

�t� IUC AI ILe -L onem U tUJO] 0 e )YIC f e =CtU i y J yICSL IproWems.
Stakeholders say awareness is increasing, but more needs to be done

* "BUREAUCRACY!" - especially Customs clearance : .. .. .......
guide author Chris Doyle; John Duffy, Past President i ' ,,' , , i i i I
Marine Association; and Isabelle Prado. Isabelle sums it bti .. i ,, 11, 1 1 '
S1.1.... . i ig help would be a great reduction in the clearance procedures between
'. 1.11 . "~. islands and standardization of the Customs fees."
Perhaps shedding light on why the problems of crime and bureaucracy have not yet
been solved, Robbie Ferron, Group Manager of the Caribbean-wide Budget Marine
chandleries, says, "The biggest problem is that Caribbean people do not see the value
of the industry, probably because with few exceptions they have not experienced the
benefits of the industry. The beneficiaries are insufficient in numbers to influence
governments any more than getting them to support the industry rhetorically."
Addressing the Crime Problem
* Is the problem of crime being addressed? If so, how?
Hubert Winston says, 'There are stakeholder-based security initiatives going on
Caribbean-wide, such as those provided by the Portsmouth Association of Yacht
Security and the Dominica Marine Association, but t]- - .- .t . ..11 i..t-r- t : i
level. The local police and governments need to take t .... .... ......... I
-Continued on next page

-Continued from previous page
And while Ian Cowan says, "There is an awareness in the system that crime has to
be addressed, but not much has actually been done yet," Donald Stollmeyer feels
that "the police and coast guard are becoming more aware of the problem and the
value of the yachting industry to their economies, and are being mandated by the
various governments to provide protection."
* What IDEALLY could be done to solve the crime problem?
Bob Phillips: "The tourist boards should be pressuring the police departments and
courts, pushing the concept of economic prosperity when there is low or no crime."
Donald advocates "establishment of marine police to patrol and take action in
problem areas" and Hubert would like to see "local police teaming up with the small
stakeholder-based security teams to give them support and ----- "
Ian suggests "night courts to provide the instant hearing i ,1- .- against the
suspect, with the tourist actually there to provide evidence before a judge."
* What REALISTICALLY can be done to solve the crime problem?
Donald and Hubert feel that their ideal solutions are also realistic.
Ian says, in the absence of night courts, "Accept a video of the tourist's evidence
and allow that to be used as a court document in a later trial."
Bob urges, "Write articles addressing the issue and outlining the positive things
countries can do to educate their populations."
Addressing the Economic Problems
* Are the problems related the economy being addressed? If so, how?"
Frank Virgintino: "The problem of the recession is not being addressed, as the marine
industry does not have the consolidated economic and political clout to seek help."
Don Street: "The problem of disaster risk in the yachting industry is not being
addressed, and it won't be until there is a major disaster or the local governments
insist that the yards and marinas have proper liability insurance."
* What IDEALLY could be done to solve the economic problems?
Frank: "The various Caribbean countries could create ad i--ti t- 11- t-i..
ers to the Caribbean. Last year at the northern boat show " ... i . . .
exhibitors from the Caribbean. When the economy declines, there must be more
displays at boat shows, not less. Many cruisers have put off their dream of coming
to the Caribbean because finances have become tight. We need to show them that
the Caribbean (in most places) is very affordable."
Dale Westin: "Alternative fuels and/or new methods of propulsion are probably the
only answer [to the problem of fuel prices]."
Don: "To solve the problem of disaster risk, the yacht yards and marinas should
sort '-t tli .1..il.i. .''.. . ..-. -- and fire-fighting strategies themselves."
S1 ,, i. 1 i - . i i . I . o solve the economic problems?
Frank: "The marine industry needs to agree on how to proceed to attract business.
This can be done by having a - or the - marine association working on shared
programs and space at the northern boat shows."
Dale: "More folks will switch to sail [in reaction to high fuel prices]."
Don: "Why not just do a really good job of running whatever business you are in,
and not feel you have to expand, expand, expand?"
Addressing the Bureaucracy Problem
* Is the problem of bureaucracy being addressed? If so, how?
Chris Doyle says, "Entry procedures have been made a bit easier with eSeaClear.
com. Grenada and St. Vincent & the Grenadines are holding talks to see what they

can 1 .1 ..i 1 ...;..; a common . 1.1.... space."
* . i'. r ! ' . 1 ' ..' i be done to I. i. bureaucracy problem?
Chris: "We should be able to run with the eSeaClear idea and do everything online,
and never have to actually go into Customs unless specially requested. A credit card
account could be held at eSeaClear to make the necessary payments. We should be
able to dispense with outward clearance altogether for short stays (say two weeks).
Outward clearance is also a bit redundant on the eSeaClear system, as the officials
can check when you left by seeing when and where you cleared in next. All this data

The warm, natural, famous Caribbean itself is recognized as the yachting industry's
greatest strength

is available to them." John Duffy takes it a step further: "Have a system of entry to
one i'lnd qllndin, -nt-r to all."
* ' . 1 . . t' I -. I I could be done to solve the bureaucracy problem?
John Duffy: "[Yachts should be able to clear in with] one form, and one person
dealing with Customs, i......... .. .. ... i Port Authority. It happens in some islands
and should happen in .11 I"...- .... - "Dominica is way ahead of the game here.
Unless you are changing crew you only visit Customs - they take care of Immigration
and Port Authority. Then, as long as you are not staying longer than two weeks, your
inward clearance is also your outward clearance: you can leave without going back
to Customs. ESeaClear makes it even easier."
-Continued on next page

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i i ..... - -. .I . I ... i ... i 1 . ,, , . 11 r do not see the value of the yachting indus-
tr) ... i 1.. I . I ,, i ,,,I , .. 1. . . , nments to support it, Robbie Ferron says,
"The extent to which this problem is being addressed is minimal. Ideally, major efforts
could be made to 'sell' the industry to the people, but realistically this is unsure of success
and the required funding and motivation by investors are not present." John agrees:
"Governments have been slow to recognize the value of yachting tourism. More is being
done to promote the product, but nowhere near enough compared with its value."
The Big Strengths
We asked, "In your view, what is the Caribbean yachting industry's greatest single
strength today?"
* "THE CARIBBEAN!" was a :.-t --!-,-: response, evoking its marine environ-
ment, its beauty and climate, a.. i .1 - .... * ur greatest strength is the Caribbean
Sea, including the bays, harbours, reefs, coastal areas, etcetera," says Donald
Stollmeyer. Bob Phillips says, "The industry is lucky in that we are easy to get to
when the weather is bad elsewhere" and Dale Westin states, "Yachts in the Caribbean
enjoy the most beautiful venue in the world."
Robbie Ferron: "The greatest strength is the branding 'Caribbean' when associated
with sailing."
Frank Virgintino: "The biggest single strength of the Caribbean yacht industry is
climate and competitive (r-'n. f-ampared to the States, Canada and Europe)" and
Chris Doyle underscores ii.- have an excellent combination of lovely anchor-
ages and good yacht services" - which brings us to...
* "YACHT SERVICES!" As Don Street points out, "A double strength is the avail-
ability of gear and the availability of some of the finest tradesmen in the world (if the
sailor is willing to search them out)" and Bob Phillips elaborates: "We have a wide
range of products to offer. As the quality of services ranges from abysmal to world
class and it doesn't take a lot of effort to be in the top percentile, our strength is the
ease with which we can improve customer service."
Ian Cowan says, "The best thing 1.i . 1. i.... has to offer to the islands - all of
them - is the fact that yachts have 1 I .. I I . They have a lot of people on them
who have to buy produce and products of all kinds and are very much more inclined
to eat at a shoreside restaurant than any hotel or cruise ship guests. They employ a
large number of technical service 1n-i p- -- them directly in cash. These service
providers are the breadwinners ol I, , I .. .... - in a lot of isolated places with little
hope of work other than on the yachts."
Interestingly, Isabelle Prado adds: "The main strength of the French islands' yachting
industry is that there is no important problem with security. However, its a very fragile situ-
ation and local governments must be very attentive to this. If there are too many security
problems in our area, the good activity that we have now can disappear in one season."
Optimizing the Strength of 'The Caribbean'
* Are steps being taken to optimize the strength of "the Caribbean", i.e. its environ-
ment and name? If so, what are they?
Chris Doyle says, "Some attempt has been made to preserve the natural beauty
both below and above the water with marine parks; Tobago Cays is an excellent
example. However, all too often the pressures for development are so strong that
more and more of the places we consider outstanding will get covered in concrete."
Robbie Ferron, on the Caribbean name, says, "No, on the contrary, the brand is
being allowed to be compromised by the many negative stories that inevitably devel-

op as customer satisfaction repeatedly does not match up to expectations."
* What could be done to optimize the strength of the Caribbean's environment?
Don Stollmeyer: "[Ideally and realistically] the Caribbean Sea needs to be protected
1 ...1. -1..... ... ...1.1 .1.... 1 . ichoring laws in sensitive areas, and education,
S**" " *". * , i .I * i .. ,, ,1 I, marine ecosystem." Chris: "[Ideally and realis-
tically] Caribbean countries need to take a serious look at their resources and think
about conserving more coastal land, especially in areas accessible for boating.
Rainforests have been successfully preserved and protected; now we need to think
more about our coastal areas before it has all changed beyond recognition."
Optimizing the Strength of the Yacht Service Sector
* Are steps being taken to optimize the strength of the yacht service sector? If so,
what are they?
Ian Cowan: "Only in as far as that the resource is noted for each place and put out
as a public sort of display. Some effort is being made via the tourist boards and other
concerned entities, including the yacht magazines, but not by the local newspapers
that could get to the population and explain the sector's benefits."
Bob Phillips: "The companies that want to survive this tough economic cycle are
improving customer service to keep the customers they have and to attract new ones.
I was very impressed with 1. .11,i,, i 1, .,,. his year in Antigua, where everyone I
interacted with over the co... - . - .1 .I-. both marine and non-marine, had a
positive attitude, smiled, greeted me, and seemingly genuinely wanted to help. There
was even a group doing exit surveys at the airport in early June asking what visitors
liked and what the island could be doing to improve. Antigua ,. 1 ..... . . ,, time
since Stanford folded, but is using the experience to improve ' ." I "
* What IDEALLY could be done to optimize the strength of the yacht service sector?
Ian: "Encourage local people to see that there is a market for their services, and
offer the services available direct to the yachts; just be certain that each business
has a - -1 '--utation."
Bob: 1 1 .11 everyone, both private and public sector, would try to be more wel-
coming and provide better services."
John Duffy: "A unified approach from the whole Caribbean working together at
shows, and w.il. ...i . ' .i..... and joint promotions. Together, the Caribbean can
attract more i
* What REALISTICALLY could be done to optimize the strength of the service sector?
Ian: "Just try to do as much as possible along the above lines. For example, it
would not be hard to raise local awareness of the sector with a weekly column in the
local papers."
Dale Westin: "Optimization of the Caribbean as a yachting venue will happen when
the USA lifts its 50-year travel ban on Cuba."
Frank Virgintino: "Ideally and realistically, its the same answer: More advertising
for the Caribbean with regard to the climate and the costs, and participation in the
boat shows in the United States, Canada and Europe to generate interest."
John: "Make the Caribbean Marine Association a body that can work to unify the
Caribbean's approach to the yachting world. With just a very little funding from each
island's government, it would make a big difference."
Robbie Ferron takes us back to square one: to optimize the strengths of the
Caribbean yachting industry we need to "deal with the problems; realistically they
are not hard to identify." And the consensus seems to be that to deal with our prob-
lems and optimize our strengths, unity in the yachting industry will be the key.

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There is much to enjoy, including 33 beaches, on this tiny sunny island...'

A British colony, Anguilla is a small, low (peak elevation is 220 feet) island

of about 13,000 inhabitants. In 1967, Anguillians fought to keep their
government under English rule, sort of a counter-revolution, and this
spirit remains with the populace today. There is no marina on the island, no hurri-
cane hole, and no large cruise ships come here. Jet-skis and spearfishing are not
permitted. The currency is Eastern Caribbean (EC), but US dollars are accepted
everywhere and are used to price items herein.
Anguillians are friendly, accommodating people with a love of sailing, music,
cricket and good food. Their carnival, in August, is reputed to be the ' ... -1 in the
area. Anguilla Day, May 30th, features an around-the-island race on 1 - i i tradi-
tional wooden boats with movable sandbag and iron ballast and more sail area than
any boat of that size in creation.
Many families . . i ...-... ,. I .-years, and I met a few people who are i-1 ...
to move here so< .. i ...- i 11. people and their enthusiastic lust for - I 'I. .
is much to enjoy, including 33 beaches, on this tiny sunny island, so make sure to
visit soon and tell them Captain Mark sent you!
Customs and the Cruising Permit
......11 . has some arcane and illogical cruising requirements and the highest
1.1 - of any island in the Caribbean. They determine the cost of your cruising
permit by the Gross Tonnage (GT) of your vessel. GT is not how much your boat
displaces or weighs, it is the volume of your hypothetical interior cargo space. This
is a measurement designed for commercial vessels and was first implemented more
than 35 years ago. Thus, catamarans cost more than mono!,,.11- i i, ... . My
36-foot catamaran supposedly holds 18 GT of cargo, thus I : ....- I - - , day

for . I .. .1 ,. i rising Anguillian waters; over 20 GT, add $5. All yachts also pay
$15 . i , . 1 National Marine Park permit, whether you visit any of their parks
and use the moorings there or not! If you stay overnight in Crocus Bay, the only
approved, .... .1.1 ... 1... . i. i1 ... - ... r Ground, you will be charged for two
days, in rr. - -
There are only two places to clear in and out: Blowing Point and Road Bay. i ....
Point is a difficult and exposed commercial anchorage on the south side i 1.
island. Thus, the preferred Customs office is in Road Bay. If you clear in and out
there (open 8:OOAM to 4:00PM daily, with an hour off from noon to 1:00PM for lunch),
and don't leave the anchorage except to arrive and depart Anguillian waters, you will
be charged nothing; that's right, nada. (If the officials are out somewhere, those at
the commercial dock will also clear you in or out.)
'-1 - -,, t= can hire an agent to represent their interests while in Anguillian
I . " ,, in agent, you may anchor anywhere but the marine parks. Thus, the
restricted anchoring rules are not to protect the sea bottom, they are designed to
accommodate the big spenders!
Cruising Anguilla Waters
Sailing from French St. Martin, it is a nice five- or six- mile reach until you turn
the corner at Anguillita and the east-northeast winds are on the nose for six miles
to Sandy Ground. Do not attempt to intersect Anguillita and the mainland as the
large shoal-draft boats do in calm seas. Instead, I recommend rounding the point
and sailing on starboard five miles west to Prickly Pear Cays, visit there, and then
close reach to Road Bay, with a short stop at Sandy Island if you have the time.
There is nc . i -.. . 1 ,,,. in Road Bay.
In Road i. i i... i spot close to the Snake Head Point side of the bay as
there are several bright white lights shining from the commercial dock at night and
the cargo ships, when in port, make quite a racket; every Monday morning the Tropic
Mist blasts its hom several times and offloads cargo.
This location, however, is subject to the loud music from Elvis' Beach Bar, often
lasting past midnight (they are closed Tuesdays). Don't get too close to the land
where it gets shallow about 100 yards out. Anchoring is okay on the west side of the
bay, away from the music, but if there is a swell, it is more noticeable there and a
longer ride to the dinghy dock. Dinghies should tie up to the south side of the police
dock; the north is reserved for commercial boats. Beware stem anchors and do not
tie Un too close to the beach where it is shallow.

C'mon over!' The author and Sanctuary in Anguilla

The marine parks are worth visiting, if you want to pay the fees and there is not a
large:. .11. . i i ........... Be advised that you are not allowed to anchor or moor

* I l i i . where The Bachelor jumped off the cliff with his date, is three miles
from Road Bay, and has about six mooring balls and a dinghy mooring closer to
shore. You can jump off the cliff, snorkel amongst the turtles and tarpon, and go
ashore to the tiny beach to rub mud from the walls onto your skin as a natural spa
treatment. The coral was covered with sand and the water cloudy the first time I
visited, but it was clearer with each subsequent visit. Next door is Crocus Bay, where
anchoring is permitted.
-Continued on next page

Above and right: Making like The Bachelor and jumping off the cliffs at Little Bay

-Continued from previous page
* PRICKLY PEAR CAYS offer a gorgeous horseshoe-shaped inner beach with lots of
coral heads. Outside are about eight mooring balls for deep-draft yachts or if the
inside is crowded. To get inside, you must hug the right side of the entrance until
you see the light-colored opening between the reefs where you make a left then a
Q .. i I... with the three mooring balls that await your use. Anchor in about
t , ,f the moorings are full, which is often the case when the large day

e Dune Preserve will appeal to your bohemian side

catamarans out of St. Martin pack the beach, ruining the special nature of the
island. You can escape the sunburned mass of humanity by walking north along the
beach. If a swell is running, it is better to tie up outside and dinghy in. The snorkel-
ing is pretty good, though not great. The restaurant, open Tuesday through Saturday,
is p--tt- - t--
S- i - only a mile and a half west of Road Bay, is a small, remote, "one
tree" island with about five mooring balls, a couple of which have sawed-off pen-
nants, so attach your own or anchor in about 15 feet of water. The restaurant,
Crusoe's (264 772-0787), is usually open and has excellent food though its a bit
pricey unless you consider the unique location. If you want to visit without prin�
the cruising fees, Happiness, an open motor boat, will take you there and - i ', - .

At Sandy Ground, Mark likes to munch at Murray's, and then slide over to Elvis's
for the music

Sandy Ground for $10 round trip; call JoJo at (264) 476-4104 or call VHF 16. You
can take your dinghy there if you have a big outboard and enough gas. The snorkel-
ing is fair at best, though Coral Island nearby is cool.
* OTHER CRUISING AREAS: Dog Island is a good dive and snorkel day spot but
then you must prepare to beat upwind (or motor) the ten miles back to Sandy
Ground. Scrub Island is very pretty but is only worth a visit in very calm seas and
light winds and since you are not allowed there overnight, plan for the five miles back
to Sandy Ground. There are anchorages on the south side of the island, particularly
Maunday's Bay where Cap Juluca resort sits, Cove Bay which has a small reef pro-
tecting it from the easterly swells, and Rendezvous Bay, where CuisinArt Resort and
Spa and the Dune Preserve exist side by side, providing a nice contrast of material
excess and bohemian nature. Technically you are not allowed to anchor in these
bays, but the mega-yachts do.
I did no diving this time around so you would best be served by consulting one of
the crui:-7 -ni , - i .11 -,,,. .glas Carty at (264) 497-4567. Call my pal Nature
Boy at , 1 - ' - - I . ,-,,,,. and snorkeling trips. Chocolate takes people to
Prickly Pear from Sandy Ground on his 35-foot catamaran for $80 per person; call
(264) 497-3394.
Ashore at Sandy Ground
Road Bay, which is home to Sandy Ground, has many shoreside fun hangouts. My
favorite night-time chillin' spot is Elvis' Beach Bar located at the far north end.
Opening at 4:00PM, the beers are $3, mixed drinks $6 with drink specials at the
carved-out boat-bar and large entertaining area. Elvis wears US sports team jerseys

and hats and the social scene has a nice mix of locals, visitors and regulars. There
is a six-foot TV screen for watching sports (I was there for the Super Bowl along with
about 200 other folks) and you are right on the beach. While they serve passable
food, it is a bit expensive ($14 1. .1 &--;-:-- 16 chicken wings), so the best time to
visit is at sunset and later at:...i. .11 . ..... (eat at Murray's), especially when a
band is playing. It has a great vibe with decent music and Elvis is a great guy who
has sailed on my cat many times.
Other restaurants with beachfront views worth a look include The Sand Bar,
where a former CuisinArt chef has created a nice upscale reasonably priced ($7 to
$9) tapas restaurant that is very popular, especially on weekends; Johnno's, which
has been there for 27 years and has a thumping late-night band on Fridays, is
sometimes open for lunch (average food), but is better known for the Sunday after-
noon (12:30 to 4:00PM) Jazz on the Beach. Sammy's, next door to Johnno's, is home
to good ribs on Friday and Saturday, domino-playing fanatics and sports a ring-toss
game that I installed for him. The Barrel Stay, which is very intimate and pricey, has
some of the best food (fish soup, wahoo) on the island. Newcomer Dolce Vita offers
nice Italian food (duck reduction in the homemade pasta, try the $18 lasagna or
seafood pasta) i,, . 1 ,, 1,1 1. . -.nosphere and is open for lunch and dinner every
day but Sunda i I I i.. .1 hamburger) never disappoints though this is
where the large St. Martin catamarans take their guests when the swells make
Prickly Pear untenable and it is located right next to the commercial dock, which
can be annoying.
Murray's Jamaican Jerk Centre, a relatively new spot, is a laid-back beach bar and
restaurant, offering tasty $8 ribs with Jamaican "Carnival" buns, $6 jerk chicken,
exceptional $5 Goat Water (stew), and other Jamaican specialties, and drinks, every
day, noon to 10:00PM, later on weekends. Call (264) 582-6688 to order out, or just
show up! Look for the two flagpoles with the Anguillian and Jamaican flags flapping
in the breeze.
Along the road separating the salt pond from the bay are a few other places worth
knowing about. Syd/An'> fr--" store (264 497-3180) and inn on the salt pond
(clean rooms for about 1- I ' * * per night) will help you get a rental car (Bass is
the best), find and deliver just about anything you need from The Valley, and if you
ask nicely, will do your laundry. Three C's market can top up your Lime account,
but both Syd/An's and Three C's have very limited grocery supplies.
On Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights, Kenny sets up his excellent roadside
barbecue takeout across from the police station, with $6 rack of ribs, $3 chicken legs
and $6 conch soup. The Recession Bar, behind 1. - ...... - i. i offerss $3 chicken
kebabs, $2 beers, $5 chicken or pea soup and ... .1 ...... I ." cocktails, pro-
vided by "Mama" Cassie and served from beneath a big white tent between the road
and the beach. Ripples has a two-for-one happy hour and a reputation for good food
though I didn't eat there.
Free WiFi can be found at Elvis', The Sand Bar, The Pump House, Dolce Vita, and
Roy's. The ATM in Sandy Ground hasn't worked for over a year so bring cash.
Other Good Eats
The wes' -. i ......11 . . 1. ... i D & B's six-dollar rib barbecue tents on week-
ends and I . . . i... - .. I i ....... at Mango's, though a bit expensive. The Klassic
Cafe has intimate quality dining at a reasonable price while seated in semi-enclosed
shutter and polished wood table enclaves. Smokey's, in Cove Bay, has a live band
every Saturday 1200-1600 (but pricey food). I didn't get to the east side of the island
so I can't comment on places there but if you are on the main road (George Hill Rd.)
1.. rl-l1in. the airport, check out Mala's Cottage Roti Hut for great $6 or $7 rotis
J , i I -'. for plantains and salad), Guyanese style, and if you see Hungry's coach
in The Valley, he makes nice low cost ($10 to $12) fish and meat pastas and $5
soups to go.
Marine Supplies, Etcetera
There is only one marine store .11 ,,,,,11 i i.... - .1 s Ltd, on Dolly Hill (264
497-2419), which has a limited -,,u li . I ' .... I - , i, -. for yachts. It is owned
by Chris Carty, the brother of David Carty who owns Rebel Marine boat builders.
Anguilla has no water or fuel dock, except cruiser-unfriendly Blowing Point, so fill
up in St. Martin.
For a mechanic, call Troy at (264) 235- i i, 1 ... . - - problem, but without
parts (check with Techni-Sales) it could .1 . i i , I , i it fixed.
Albert Lake's Hardware Store has the lowest, though not very low, prices.
There is a good-sized Ace Hardware next to the roundabout but they have no gal-
vanized or stainless fittings other than screws and bolts, and not marine grade.
Albert's, in The Valley, is the biggest grocery store though a new combination
department/grocery store has a nice selection in the El Dorado Plaza.
Other than Irie Life and Why Knot, there is little shopping of interest unless you
can afford the high-priced boutiques at the mega-resorts, not part of this guide.
Taxis are expensive here, $20 from Sandy Ground to The Valley, so it's best to rent
a car (about $45 per day), ask An to help you.

t... t L-

For direct transportation to the St. Martin airport ($380) or to St. Barth's ($1,800),
',. . -1 .1 , .. 11, ,,,,. else (with a fleet of six boats), contact Garfield's Sea Tours at

For more information on Anguilla, see 1 .......11 I . 1, ... where a
--n: gal from Montreal covers many ar - ' ,. ,- .I. i i. .... i. and her
: .....i - experiences.
Anguilla is fun and tasty, and is worth at least a two-day trip from St. Martin. You
will easily make friends, both with locals and with visiting tourists from the resorts
who often frequent the Sandy Ground bars. Make sure you tell them all that Captain
Mark sent you!

Captain Mark Denebeim offers charters and is writing articles and his memoirs
aboard Sanctuary as he sails throughout the Caribbean. For more information visit




by Phil Chapman
A Roundish Trip
My wife, Yvonne, and I left Grenada on a vaguely southwesterly course early eve-
ning. The sea was calm and the wind from the northeast, which made for a slow
passage aboard our 44-foot Hunter Legend deck saloon sailboat. We spotted a few
fishing boats during the night and early morning; some had lights, some didn't, but
I was sure they could see our lights clearly enough and would shout or wave if we
were too close to them or their nets.


The beaches were gorgeous, as i . - .. ,

An inlet led to a small Jishing village reputed to have charming restaurants and busy nightlije'

As always, we towed a magic lure in search of the elusive fish and by mid-morning
we'd caught nothing, as is often the case. (I fail to see why the companies that make
these things aren't penalized for contravening the trade descriptions act, because
they certainly don't seem to 'lure' very much at all to our boat!) By midday we
sighted an island and as we drew closer we could see half a dozen islands. We
anchored off the largest island where we could see a military outpost on one side and
a couple of buildings and houses on the other. The beaches looked stunning.
.- d-i;nJ -i-1 -h-r- -.1 spoke to the friendly coastguard officer, who gave us a book
....i . ... .1 details. It is not possible to clear in here, but we were allowed
.1 i . - , - the beautiful white powder beaches and waters.
It would seem the people here survive on fishing; they must do better than we do.
There is no agriculture to speak of; the land is dry and barren. The locals do have
some goats and chickens, and there are many wild iguanas, but most things have to
be bought and brought from the mainland. There are no gas stations, no telephones,

'At our first stop the waters were clear, albeit with a greenish tinge'

newspapers or even shops. They do have electricity from their generators. Once or
twice a week the men get into their boats for a trip to the mainland to buy fuel for
their generators and outboards, some stores maybe, and if they have room a couple
more planks of wood for the fishing boat they are building. There is a school for the
children up to the age of 14, they then choose whether to continue their education
on the mainland or join the fathers and grandfathers as fishermen. The boys often
choose to fish. There are far worse places to be poor in. They live as many of us
caught up in the rat race dream we could do when we retire.
The snorkelling was good, as good as in Tobago; the waters were clear albeit with
a greenish tinge. A moray eel stuck his head out as I was --.n2n:- he didn't like my
camera and appeared to silently growl as I took his pictu.. spotted two huge
cowfish, two feet long at least, and many angelfish.
On the day we left, we waved goodbye to the coastguard officer and set sail, a little
north of west this time. Again we departed around dusk, not because we enjoy night
. .1..,. 1 .1- from it, but because we wanted to arrive at our destination in good day-
1. h,. ,I [towed our fishing lures thousands of miles but this day they brought us
dinner, a dorado. The evening winds were quite light but picked up in the morning,
allowing us a good sail on a broad reach. We saw in the distance another group of
i1.1.- t-- ,--,-- - of three small but high islands that stood in front of their big
, i ,,, i , niles distant. We passed between the two groups and continued
toward. i, . ,I. . . . ... i behind.
Our ... 1 1 I -1. ... ,,, anchorages, two to the south and two to the west.
As we neared a military coastguard station, they called us on VHF channel 16 to ask
our intentions. We said we were passing through and would be anchoring some-
where for the night. The anchorage below their station looked absolutely beautiful,
so we headed in. The water was inviting, but there were a lot of coral heads less than
two metres from the surface, so we carefully eyeballed our way in and out.
We dinghied over to the beach and walked up to the coastguard station. Some of
these guys live on the island and some work a shift pattern of two months on and
two months off. Their office building and barracks were a little basic but set in beau-
tiful surroundings with a II i i i .. i .. ... i ,. - ... the trees. We explained our
route and said we would ci .. ... . i, i . I . i . i I for such things. They were
not too bothered; just took our details and said "have a good day" - which we did,
.. i 1,,,. ,' and around the excellent coral. T . . ...... ' -i---- 1 . -- 1 . 1
. i i i i wine in a calm anchorage wit i . , I i i i
sundowner or two, fell asleep in the cockpit.
Next day, after a swim and brunch, we upped anchor and carefully headed out to
the west of the island, maybe a 90-minute sail to the next anchorage. There were two
other boats anchored off the main beach so we decided to anchor to the northern
end inside two reefs, room enough only for one boat. The snorkelling here was even
better, with turtles, octopus, squids, large angelfish and more. The beaches here too
were gorgeous, as was the water. No onlookers here either, apart from the birdlife
and a couple of palm trees. Later in the day we dinghied over to the other boats,
being careful to avoid the time of day when they might be 1- ;.-- -I FppF -r -me
such thing. But these guys were American and Australian s '"' ' i .
-Continued on next page

-Continued from previous page
We introduced ourselves and told our brief stories and routes; they were heading
to Grenada or Bequia, depending on the wind.
We spent two weeks anchored here and nobody seemed to mind. We flew our yel-
low flag and went ashore every day, but there were no shops, people, buildings or
1..... - ,e that might have made any officialdom concerned with our presence.
I .. r -in- stay came to an end, we saw on our AIS a ship travelling west,
12 miles: .11, I '. island. We called her on channel 16 and asked the captain for
a weather forecast. He told us that the sea was good and wind at 20 knots a little
north of east - perfect for the 120-mile sail due west to our next anchorage. We
thanked him and he wished us a pleasant voyage.

Above: This island's village is delightful, with beachfront bars and restaurants

Right: In this bay there are a lot of coral heads, so anchor carefully

We departed around 4:00PM, -1-nnn. t- -t in by mid i . .1i1. ...1 . 1.i de earlier
or later would not be a problenr ... I . I out of the i 11. .- an hour
or so, partly to see what wind we were to obtain and also to charge our batteries. The
wind was unusually good and we unfurled our downwind twizzle rig, two identical
headsails mounted on the same twin-track furler, held out with a couple of thin
whisker poles that connect to each other with a flexible coupling. Chaser 2 has no
backstay and consequently very swept-back spreaders. This design is not good for
S.,,,, wnwind under mainsail: an accidental gybe could wipe the mast out.
I .I , I , our twizzle rig allows us safe sailing down---in .. 1 *n in 1tr-n- winds. We
can furl the headsails and both sails come in, flying -*' .11 i, ... II , ,.. I either side
if necessary with the whisker poles pointing forward.
During the early hours we passed a military base on an island we were not allowed
to stop at; we could just see the glow of lights. Ti. ... 1 ... ,, I *t interesting until
1.1, 1 ... destination. We anchored in :. -..., - I .1, ... a small bay with
..i,,I .1 - several other cruising boats and a couple of motorboats. We lowered
our dinghy, tied her on our stern, poured a couple of coldies, relaxed in the cockpit
and read our latest edition of Caribbean Compass, which we'd obtained in Grenada.
This archipelago consisted of many beautiful islands and islets. After a couple of
weeks vi-Hti-n m n--- n-.-r.-7 we sailed to the main island and anchored off the
village i. . -111 I , . I r three hours, having assured ourselves the anchor
was solid we took the dinghy ashore. This picturesque group of islands is a national
park and various articles we read told us that we would have to check in (not clear
in), pay a --.tl, - 1.--- park fee, and limit our stay to a maximum of two weeks. We
still had ... 11 I .. flying to be on the legal side, but nobody came to board us
and when we walked past the coastguard station in the village none of the officers
asked for anything, just bid us good day. We decided that as they didn't ask for
money or papers we wouldn't volunteer them.
The village was delightful, with many shops, small hotels and guesthouses, bars,
restaurants, and even a bank. The streets are of sand, with no vehicles apart from
those that service the small airfield. There are dive schools f-r t- -innr= -. fr the
more expert, you can fill tanks too. Stores keep a limited -. " I I ... - - I,,,,.- so
you can stock up to a certain extent. Getting diesel and petrol is more a problem,
but if desperate just ask a fisherman on the beach. Water is available on the main
beach, by jugs.
After a few weeks our journey took us south, 75 miles to the mainland and our
first marina for a long time. Our plan: clear in, fill the water tanks, fill the fuel tanks,
plug into mains electricity. Clearing in wasn't a problem, getting fuel and water was
more difficult. Floods and landslides had destroyed the marina 12 years previously.
Since then, the marina has been under reconstruction but very slowly. The marina
was now nearly finished, but the water and fuel docks were the last to be completed.
Nevertheless the marina staff was eager to help. Fuel would be brought by pinero
and water would be delivered in the morning. Sure enough, the , -1,,,,. I .1 brought
us 120 litres of diesel, and in th- -rn"n'. tm - bombers, the :.. i..-.i . - brought
us water in their truck! How is 1. . . - . . ' The marina's restaurant was excel-
lent, too - an old fishing boat on land, using the forward cabin as a store, the
saloon as the kitchen and the cockpit as a serving area. The transom was the sit-at
bar and dining tables surrounded the boat. Restaurant prices were good, and
although the marina prices seemed a little expensive for this part of the world they
were cheap compared to anywhere else we had been in the Caribbean. We spent two
nights, then moved eastward along the coast, day sailing in contrary winds enabling
us to close reach along the coast to our next anchorage which was outside a marina
in the mangroves.
The following morning we continued east to an anchorage in the lee of two islands
just off the mainland. In the m rnn.--:..- continued on the same course to an inlet
three miles long that led to -... .11 i -1 ,,,,. village reputed to have charming restau-
rants and busy nightlife. At anchor just off the village, while -nj -in -. sundowner
we look I i'" ...I. the bring-'em-nears for an enticing : -i .... ... decided to
dinghy .-1. . i . an evening meal; the restaurant we spied looked good. As we
arrived at the dock the shutters came down and the lights went out. Seems it was
the low season and everywhere closed early! We dinghied back to Chaser and cooked.
The next day it was on to the final destination of our roundish trip.
The Reveal
Those cruisers who have ventured to the southeast Caribbean will know, from the
clues I have given, that we cruised from Grenada to a few of Venezuela's offshore islands
and returned eastward along the South American coast as far as the Golfo de Cariaco.

Our first anchorage southwest of Grenada was Islas Los Testigos. From here we
moved west-ish to Islas Los Hermanos and on to Isla Blanquilla. Later, we sailed
west past the military island of Orchila to the archipelago of Los Roques - the main
village with sandy streets being Gran Roque. From here we headed south to
Caraballeda, the marina lacking in fuel and water but with a staff pleased to help in
any way they can. ..... . - .... 1.1 .1 i as at Carenero, anchored outside the
marina adjacent to ti. ... ..... - _ ... - 66�07.25W). It's a busy little area and
the water is not so good for "'inmmin. but q great spot to watch the sunset and
listen to the birds at sunri' I. I II .... night's respite was at Islas Piritu
(10�08.99N, 64�57.50W) and then we sailed onward to Mochima, . .11. .i
of a three-mile inlet with an excellent safe anchorage off the .11 .. i, i_
'r ",i- .11 .. i .....a was our final destination at the end of the Gulf of Cariaco
) The nearest town is a 45-minute car drive and the sur-
rounding area is peaceful, with only the bird and animal life to keep you company.
Apart, that is, from the local community, comprised of Venezuelan fisherman and
some expat cruisers who have bought a beach house here. Also on a busy day there
may be as many as 20 cruising boats in the '-1-r-.1 anchoragee. When we arrived
there were only six, but the huge anchorage . .- . ... I - t hundred boats. Medregal
isn't really a marina, but a haul-out and adjacent accommodations where the swim-
ming pool, table tennis, bar and restaurant are available to -r;i;in 1--.t- in the
area. (There is no charge, but it would be thought impolite to t.- 11 . i. . - with-
out purchasing a meal or drinks.) We have used the haulout facility. Prices for the
,.1- --t t- .-- i .... ....- i . . 11 nt. Restaurant and bar prices are good
S - 1 11 . . ... .. the hard and prefer not to live aboard,
air conditioned rooms are available at a special price for sailors.
So now we have travelled approximately 1,300 kilometres, westward then back
east. Some people say we cruisers should avoid Venezuela. If you do you will miss
some of the best .=.ili.n .n-1 .** -h.n-= in t .- r'ril-- ., P-1 Chris Doyle's
CruisingGuideto' . ,, i , . . ... ..... i i .,i i *.i ..... i, ,, on this coun-
try. During the past years we have sailed the Windward Islands, Dominican Republic,
Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba, Trinidad and elsewhere, but we have decided to spend more
time here in this undiscovered paradise of Venezuela and its offshore islands.

.. .. . ..... ...

We found beautiful waters, gorgeous beaches, unpopulated islands, a wonderful
hurricane free climate, peace and tranquillity, uncrowded anchorages, and some
.. i.1 i too if you want it. The local people are friendly and eager to please; the cost
S.... is economical for us foreigners. Diesel is equal to 50 cents for one hundred
litres, rum can be found for about three euros and fillet steak for around three euros
per kilo. If you are - '--.-;h tir--T .-epas and fruit juice are available every
where. There is no . .... I ., .. I, . trying to sell you bananas or "sail fast"
T shirts here. In fact, it's quite the reverse: you need to call the fishermen over if you
want something. Foreign tourism hasn't really reached here yet - there are few if
any charter boats to be seen. This is the real Caribbean, as it was in the Windward
andV T:.l;.t. 1-1 1 f I- t - ;-i took hold. Here I ii . is year-round sailing
along i . i. i , -.., and more than . .. 1. , islands.

Phil and Yvonne keep a blog at http: //blog.mlasail.com/chaser2. They invite cruis-
ers wanting more information regarding their experiences in Venezuela to e mail them
at svchaser@gmail.com.

Editor's note: In a two month period late last year, thee last year there were two violent armed
attacks on yachts transiting the waters between Los Testgs Tetigos and Isla Margarita.
On October 15th, 2010 at I O:OOAM, the yacht Boldly Go, crewed by Ellen Birrell and
Jim Hutchins, was attacked about four and a half hours after leaving Los Testigos en
route to Porlamar, at approximately 11�05.000 N, 63�23.000W. The couple were
assaulted and held at gunpoint while the pirates ransacked Boldly Go, taking all value
able items they could carry away in their 16foot pinero.
On December 12th, 2010, a yacht heading from Porlamar to Los Testigos was
attacked approximately 20 miles west of Los Testigos byfive armed men (according to
reports received by the Caribbean Safety & Security Net, four had pistols and one was
armed with an assault rtle). Shots were fired into the yacht's hull and bimini top, but
the yacht's crew drove off the assailants by firing aflare gun.
Because of these fairly recent incidents and others in the same general area in the past,
some cruisers now advise those heading west from the Windwards to sail the 170 miles
from Grenada directly to Isla Blanquilla, and begin a Venezuelan cruise there - avoiding
the Los Testigos Isla Margarita route and the illfamed Peninsula de Paria entirely. Others
advocate passing west of Los Testigos and south of Margarita and continuing non stop
to Puerto La Cruz, or st La Cruz or stopping at Cuman to check in and then proceeding to MedregaL
In the pastfew years there have. .. '... i' .. ,1 . ' i ...... i .' from
areas such as Isla Blanquilla, Los . '. ' . ,, ' ..... ....west
of Islas Piritu, and the Golfo de Cariaco. A notable exception is the death ofPhilippe
Armand Leudiere, who died of gunshot wounds after attempting to defend his catama
ran, which he and his wife were aboard, from boarding by three or four armed men
while anchored off Caraballeda in September 2008. At that time, Melodye Pompa of
the Caribbean Safety & Security Net recommended, This incident adds Caraballeda
to the list of those places, like Puerto Cabello and Carenero, where one should go into
the marina rather than anchor out."
Research your planned route for any current hot spots.

make your - . f. t- and more comfortable. The table below, courtesy Don
Street, autb , i -1, i -. Guides and compiler of Imray lolaire charts, which
shows the time of the meridian passage (or zenith) of the moon for this AND next
month, will help you calculate the tides.
Water, Don explain -n r ll-v tries to run toward the moon. The tide starts
running to the east - . .11 , .noonrise, continues to run east until about an
hour after the moon reaches its zenith (see TIME below) and then runs westward.
From just after the moon's setting to just after its nadir, the tide runs eastward;
and from just after its nadir to soon after its rising, the tide runs westward; i.e.
the tide floods from west to east. Timrn-o .i-n .r local.
Note: the maximum tide is 3 or 4 i .',11 . 1 new and full moons.
For more information, see "Tides and Currents" on the back of all Imray lolaire

charts. Fair tides!
1 1211
2 1305
3 1358
4 1450
5 1540
6 1630
7 1720
8 1812
9 1906
10 2002
11 2100
12 2158
13 2255
14 2350
15 0000 (full)
16 0041
17 0129
18 0214
19 0256
20 0338

21 0419
22 0501
23 0545
24 0630
25 0719
26 0810
27 0903
28 0958
29 1053
30 1148
31 1241 (new)
1 1333
2 1425
3 1516
4 1608
5 1702
6 1758
7 1854
8 1952
9 2048
10 2143

0000 (full)
1213 (new)

St. Eustatius - or Statia as it is more commonly known - is a tiny island located
between Saba and St. Kitts with an area of just 21 square kilometers (eight square
miles). The island is steep-to with limited protection for yachts. Oranje Baai is the only
anchorage and moorings have been put in place by the marine park, although when
we were there last season the moorings were not in good condition. It is however
acceptable to anchor, and the bottom is sandy an 11 . - . i ih Iding. Customs and
Immigration are on the main dock and are very -. ... .11 . .. I . It is then a short
walk to the Port office to pay the port fees, whether you take a mooring or not.
Sailing in today, it is hard to believe that this modest speck was once the hub of
Caribbean trading and is as rich in history as it is in marine life.
Known as the Golden Rock for its role as a major sea trading port in the Leeward
Islands, Statia was ,,, . -. . . - to the Caribbean in the 18th century when the
Dutch made it a fre I . 1 i..i . European powers fought amongst themselves,
Statia was selling arms and ammunition to the rebellious British colonies in North
America .. i ,,, .I... 1 ..... I.. .. I. in the process. This friendship resulted in the leg-
endary 1..- -.i..i ,, mber 16th, 1776, when the Commander of St.
Eustatius decided to return the salute of a visiting American brig by firing the can-
nons of Fort Oranje. It was the first formal acknowledgement of the independent
United States of
America The British
(being British) took this
event very seriously and
protested against the
trade between the
United States and St.
Eustatius. This resulted
in the Fourl, " .1
DutchWar(1. l-- i
which was disastrous to
the Dutch economy. As
sea trade died and plan
stations shut down the
island lost its commer-
cial significance.
Now, despite being a
major fuel transship-
ment port in the
Caribbean, where large
tanker vessels distrib-
ute their fuel into small
er ones, the Golden
Rock retains a quiet
charm. The tidy streets
of Oranjestad are a
pleasure to walk
around. Today, all that
remain of its past
are ruins.
During th- - 1-1--
years a ..-I - I
Jewish merchants
off . arrived on the island
and a v.j- was
* t built i.. I - , The
History buffs will want to explore the ruins of the Honen Dalim is the sec
Dutch Reformed Church ond oldest synagogue in
the western hemisphere.
The :, 1 i 1 .1, 11 i the building still stands, along with the mikvah, which is a
ritual . , I ... ..
One of Statia's prettiest ruins is that of the Dutch Reformed Church built in 1755
and damaged in 1792 by a hurricane. It is now left abandoned in the company of
those who have been laid to rest there.
The remains of many forts can be seen across the island. Perhaps the most notable
is Fort Oranje, which still retains its original cannons and defenses as it overlooks
the harbor.
Snorkelers can also enjoy remnants of 18th century colonial Statia, as portions of
the old quay wall have slipped into the shallow waters of the island's only decent
anchorage, Oranje Baai. Divers travel from afar to dive in the spectacular coral gar
dens and wrecks off Statia's coast. All of the waters surrounding St. Eustatius are
protected as a marine park.
Another of the appeals that attract cruisers and other tourists to Statia is the allure
of the elusive blue bead. Found in museums throughout the world, the unimposing
blue bead was misidentified for many years and had even been "dated" back to the
Middle Ages and earlier. The mystery was finally solved: it was discovered that the
owner of the Dutch East India Company decided to have these beads made for the
purpose of trading with native peoples on the ships' travels. The seafaring ships of
the Dutch East India Company sailed with the beads all over the world in the 1660s.
It is said that 30 of these beads were used in the purchase of Manhattan from the
Indians. The beads were used in colonial St. Eustatius for barter and were worn as
a sign of wealth, but after the abolition of slavery the former slaves threw the beads
into the sea as a sign of their release. Hunting for these beads has become a favorite
pastime. It is said that you don't find the beads, but the beads find you, and once
you have found a blue bead you will return to the Golden Rock again and again.
* Statia has recently changed status from being a part of the Netherlands Antilles to
being a special municipality of the Netherlands. Under new Immigration regulations,
yachts must leave on the same day they clear out and must depart during office hours.

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Guyana brings to mind (for Baby Boomers anyway) Jonestown and the mass-
induced suicide in 1978 of 913 people, at the time the single largest loss of American
civilian life. Apparently, the members of the cult believed, following Jim Jones's
teaching, that a nuclear holocaust was imminent. Go figure.
For Guyana historians, there was also the Burnham Period. After Britain relin-
quished its colonial ties in the 1960s Winds of Change, the new boss apparently was
a little offbeat. Certain foodstuffs were banned, particularly those with "colonial"
connotations - such as bread As a result, there was little to eat. Guyana is also
known for its Demerara Rum, a potent contribution to alcoholism in the Caribbean
Basin. It is a pity that a country with such a lot to offer has to live with negative
connotations of the past as its introduction, but let's give it a go....
Guyana is a small to middling-sized South American country stuck between
Suriname and Venezuela on the upper eastern bulge of the continent between one and
nine degrees north, and bordered inland by Brazil. The countryside is largely Amazon-

type rainforest dissected by a network of rivers, the longest being the Essequibo; at
about a thousand kilometres long, it is the longest river located between the Amazon
and Orinoco. Guyana also has a highland and mountain zone, providing catchment
for the huge rivers. The Kaieteur Falls on the Potaro River boast one of the 1-n-.-t
sheer drops in the world and are a focal point for tourism. There is prolific .1 11.1
but without a guide, you will not see much in the dense jungle except birds and occa-
sionally monkeys. However, the night sounds are impressive in remote areas.
The economy revolves around intensive agriculture on the coastal alluvial flats
where the rich soil supports sugar, rice and other major crops, and gold, diamonds,
timber and bauxite that are sourced from the interior. The capital is Georgetown,
with a scattering of small towns and villages dotted around the coast and interior.
Of importance to us as cruisers are the river entry town of Parika, and the yachting
port of entry Bartica, 40 miles up the Essequibo. The rivers provide the key to the
interior, with few useable roads in the more remote areas. Small freighters, ferries
and water taxis zip back and forth, and light aircraft are used by the wealthier busi-
nesspeople and tourists.

English is the official language, with a Caribbean-style patois used by many, and
the Amerindians have a variety of dialects. The country carries its legacy of slavery
and indentured labour in its racial makeup. Africans were brought here as slaves
and Asian Indians as indentured workers, and these now form the largest groups
- Amerindians are a minority. Politics and business seem to be dominated by Asian
Indians. Population is low, around 750,000 and draining at an official rate of 17 per
day. Guyanese are scattered around the world, but concentrate in Canada, the USA,
the UK and the Caribbean. They are well educated and hard working but the local
economy cannot support them all.
Like many of the other far-flung corners of the empire, Guyana had a patchwork
of modem history after the original settling of the Amerindians around 900 AD. The
English, Dutch, Spanish i i .1i.... - - all had an interest in the area, believing
that gold lurked "in them I. .. I.. I- ii ame down to the Dutch and English, with
the Brits waiting for the Hollanders to complete the wonderful dyke system on the
coastal flats before moving in and taking over around 1814. Independence was

Above: The excellent anchorage at friendly Baganara Resort

Left: Vendors outside Bartica's fresh produce market. Bartica is the main port
of entry for yachts

granted in 1966. Guyana is a member of the Caribbean Community, commonly
known as CARICOM.
The Cruising Guide to Trinidad & Tobago plus Barbados and Guyana by Chris Doyle
is very useful, but we did find some of the information outdated and/or no longer
applicable. This article is in no way designed to replace or supersede this excellent
guide, and is more to share information, update some information and to provide a
little insight intc -. :- .t - ti. .t i- when you want to avoid the hurricane season
and experience: ....I . -1 ... i i .. - rivers, without going up the Amazon.
Why Sail to Guyana?
So, why should cruisers consider Guyana as a destination? It is certainly not
geared up for us in terms of maintenance and spares; :. .. ,. is not hazardous,
but it is challenging and the water in the rivers while I. -i. .- not clear and cer-
tainly not drinkable in raw form. It is hot, humid and rainy (well, it IS the rainforest
after all!) most of the year, WiFi connections are patchy and goods generally more
expensive than in Brazil.
-Continued on next page

-Continued from previous page
But Guyana is a beautiful country with friendly people ., 1 it -. -t 1. to hide
out for the hurricane season or just chill in an area I. .. i I ,.-..... yachts,
you'll be happy to see one! Checking in is easy, and nobody hassles you. Even if there
are no chandlers, local workshops .. i i, .. I .. - . - .11 . out of their way to help
solve on-board problems. Diesel co'1 - - ...... i I - I - i _' and if you stick to basic
foodstuffs, the budget can handle it. It is only 300-odd miles to Trinidad-Tobago.
You soon get in tune with the somewhat laid-back attitudes, daily rainstorms and
strong tidal currents in the rivers, and start appreciating the nature around you and
the people who make a living in this tropical environment.
The currency is the Guyana Do'l- rlnnin t -.r-1 id 200 to the US Dollar.
Cellphones are GSM-based; you c ." i , -1 i .. i-. I, . WiFi is patchy at best, and we
have used internet shops, our own satphone, and WiFi at one of the resorts. Cellphones

Georgetown is a must for sightseeing. Gracing the 1887 High Court building
is a statue of Queen Victoria
with internet capacity do work. You can get the G3 -type dongle but you have to prove local
residential . i i - - .. i . 1 ..i -.,, . contract, so it's probably not a viable option.
Crime -' o- i i . ..- . .o experience with not a -.... 1 incident or threat
thereof, but that is certainly not to say this is a crime i' paradise. Squeezed
between at least two countries involved actively in drugs, smuggling and other nasty
habits, Guyana is no angel and there are occasional gang battles, thefts and murders.
The gang wars are mainly centred around r' r-rt-nm rnd cocaine, but as the gold
comes down the river systems through a .... i ...... . - brokers and agents, some
of then. . ;..: I . ; 1 ; ...... ..I involvement in their profits, funny business does
go on. ( ...... i - ... - i. * , evolved. If someone offers gold, diamonds or happy
dust at great prices, just walk away. Its going to be a trap or worse. Treat crime like
you would anywhere else: take precautions, lock up, be aware, dress down, do not
carry all your cash and cards in one go, talk to local people and other cruisers.
Check-in for yachts is officially at the mining town of Bartica, 40 miles up the
Essequibo from Parika. Renewals have to be done in Georgetown at Home Affairs. We
found all staff to be courteous and helpful and check-in took less than an hour.
Bartica then becomes your base for the area, with movements between various
point .1---. - -trini t- P-rt-t . f-, -.upply, internet or limingg" i( 1...l .... 1 . .
rum ,It . .. ... .. - i . .. .. .. .- purpose). Bartica has:i .11 I ...I - I I
stores, bars, food places and so on. Its a bit rough and ready in a frontier mining
town way, but has a buzz. There is a hospital that can handle most minor -r.-n
cies; serious cases go to Georgetown. Treatment is free at state hospitals, .. I .
visitors. You pay for medicines, but at state pharmacies even these are subsidized.
Our favourite hangout is Baganara Resort, four miles south of Bartica, a private
island resort with great views, trimmed lawns and colonial style buildings. Yachts
are welcome and there is no charge for anchoring off. Once you have introduced
yourself, you are welcomed as a permanent guest, with free use of the facilities, these
being the toilets, bar, lounge, restaurant, games, kayaks, walks, beach, hammocks
and WiFi when it is switched on. If there are no guests, the bar and kitchen are
closed, but you can still come ashore as long as you announce your presence.



There are other places to anchor off, and you can really just choose a spot of your
own anywhere you like, making sure you are not parked in a channel used by the
*- 1 .r:- -;- fr fighters. The only other lodge in the area is Hurakabra, a few miles
:. .I1. I, . I . on the Mazaruni River, and there are some ex-cruising private resi-
dents who welcome visitors. You'll recognize them by the yachts parked off their
riverside homes. If you are settled on your own anchor near any settlement, it would
be good etiquette to introduce yourself to the nearest village elder and ensure you
are not encroaching on night-time netting areas or anyone's privacy.
Navigating Upriver from the Mouth of the Essequibo River
What about getting here? You'll find it no problem, but there are some serious
aspects of the approach to take into account. Guyana has problems with its econo-
my, and some of these affect navigation. There are no buoys, no lights, no markers,

M i '

A boat with a message

no lighthouses, no sirens, no bells and no flags. You are on your own, cruiser.
The Caribbean coastline is so low (below sea level for much of the region around
Georgetown-Parika) that you wonder where the land has gone! The seawalls only
become apparent when you are in spitting distance.
There are dozens of what they call "piles", which are long thick poles sunk into the
seabed, between which are strung semi-permanent fishnets. These piles can be as far
as ten to 15 miles offshore, and are un-marked, unlit and hard to see in darkness.
It is essential to stand off at least 20 miles if you arrive in darkness. The Atlantic
is so shallow out there, you can anchor in anything but heavy seas. Try and time
your arrival to pick up an early morning rising tide going in past Parika at the
entrance to the Essequibo, and aim for an .....J., .' Roed-en-Rust, a few miles
past Parika, before picking up the next risin, i. I I . 11. up-river run.
You will see the pilings dotted around as you approach Parika, and also many
small fishing smacks with outboard engines. Shrimping trawlers are well lit and easy
to see with their ..... . 1 ...- and nets, but the small smacks often put out sev-
eral hundred me,. - i ,, I .1. only a little flag marking the end. Other traffic is
sparse, maybe a freighter or two.
Parika Port Control is supposed to listen on VHF Channel 16, but we didn't hear a peep
from any traffic and did not bother after several calls trying to announce our arrival.
You may be approached by one of the fast smacks and asked for cigarettes or
whatever. If they have fish, do a trade or just tell them you don't smoke and have
limited food supplies after a long voyage.
The waypoints given are a combination of Chris Doyle's Cruising Guide to Trinidad
and Tobago plus Barbados and Guyana (www.Doyleguides.com), downloads from
other cruisers, ferries and local knowledge. The Doyle waypoints proved quite ade-
quate, and any deviations noted are just our preference for an anchorage or turn
point. As usual, if you run into a rock, bank, tree or truck: don't blame us. Use your
eyes, depth sounder, charts and discretion.


* Doyle Sail Loft & Canvas Shop * Raymarine Electronics * Refrigeration Work
* Mechanical & Electrical Repairs * Fibreglass Repairs * Laundry
* Vehicle Rentals * Showers * Air Travel
* Ice & Water * Diesel & Propane * Moorings
* Island Tours * Surftech Surf Shop * Hotel Reservations
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* On-site Accommodation * Wi-Fi / Internet Caf6 * Book Exchange

PO Box 39, Blue Lagoon, St Vincent, West Indies
Tel. 1-784-456-9526 / 9334 / 9144 Fax. 1-784-456-9238

barebum@vincysurf. corn www. barefootyachts. corn

-Continued from previous page
We use a Garmin GPS Map and the data card shows details up to and including
Bartica, but goes blank about a mile south of Bartica. Admiralty charts are good for rocks
and general navigation, but sand banks and bars can be seasonal and changeable.
Always use the tides to your advantage, ensuring that if you do go aground at least
it won't be for too long. The . .1 . .... , - .. to three metres, and the tidal race and
currents are fierce, with little , ...i -.i,, against them and burning diesel when
you can ride them and make like a Ferrari! Our draft is 2.2 metres loaded and we
never touched bottom. Average depths range around five metres.
* Stand-off point 07 01 40N 58 11 40W
* Channel 1 06 57 00N 58 16 00W
* Channel 2 06 54 50N 58 20 00W
* Parika 06 51 90N 58 25 50W
* Two Brothers Wharf 06 51 45N 58 26 13W
* Roed-en-Rust 06 50 OON 58 27 70W *", .....1i. here)
If you have come in from the stand-off point or i .. , . i .ck, it may be better to
overnight at Roed-en-Rust, which although styled as a marina has no facilities for
yachts whatsoever. You will 1. ------ t . ---arm welcome from Cleo da Silva who will
help where possible, but cl .. , I i i. I diesel, ice, spares or expertise on hand.
,, - ,,, ,, should not put ashore here as you are still not checked in, but
S i i seems to mind. Anchor off quite far (around 300 metres) to
avoid the shallows and fast taxi and ferry services.
* Fort Island 06 47 35N 58 30 02W
* Onward 06 45 85N 58 31 26W
* To Baboon Island 06 43 OON 58 32 40W
* Close to shore 06 40 50N 58 33 75W
* Onward 06 38 70N 58 34 30W
* Lanaballi 06 36 25N 58 34 65W
* Onward 06 34 20N 58 35 50W
* Close inshore 2 06 32 59N 58 35 05W
* Close inshore 3 06 31 22N 58 34 57W
* Close inshore 4 06 30 42N 58 34 58W
* Shanklands Resort 06 29 37N 58 35 12W (Not operating in 2010)
* Sail Rock/Makauria Island 06 27 90N 58 35 08W (Use caution in this area!)
* Church 06 26 66N 58 35 30W
* Rattlesnake Passage 06 26 30N 58 36 50W
* Approach Bartica 06 25 70N 58 36 70W
* Bartica 06 24 07N 58 37 00W
When navigating on the river, keep a -1. . i .. ii - 1 . or semi-submerged
debris, especially logs and large pain. 1. " 1 1 ... - - a change in water
colour and you think shallows, then act shallows. Channels tend to be closer to the
bank you are following than not.
At Bartica
When approaching Bartica, you will see on your starboard side a large shed-like
building with wharf and probably some small freighters or a ferry. This is the stealing
or ferry terminal. Do not anchor anywhere near here as the ships need turning space
and it is very busy with water taxis. Proceed farther up, past the power station (die-
sel smoke and noise apparent) and up to the municipal market, a very big building
with green roof and small wharf. Anchor at least 200 meters offshore around this
area, allowing plenty of space for the huge ore barges to pass in the channel between
you and the market. There are some rocks about 400 meters out and forward of the
market position. Watch for them at low tide and mark them well. Anchor in good
--�11--n .t -r=und six metres.
i ,, . . ashore, look to the right of the power station for Kool Breezes, a river-
side bar and taxi terminal. Cruisers are welcome to tie their dinghies up at the small
floating pontoon to the left of the bar; try to get around the back or side of the pon-
toon to avoid wash from passing traffic or inconsiderate parkers.
If you do not have a dinghy engine, rowing to and from your yacht is going to be
an exercise (in more ways than one!) in balancing tide and time. The current is
strong, but judged right, you can cut across diagonally at least on the one leg.
Getting back may be a challenge as you are now down (or up) stream from the boat
and may have to work close inshore until ready to cut across -. P- ---ire that
if you miss the yacht on the . - I : you are unlikely to be abk 1 i,. , I direct
ly in the teeth of the current' 11 .. get into trouble, wave and shout - a taxi or
workboat is sure to come to your rescue. It's that or head for the shore again!
When overnighting at Bartica, ..... ... ... 1. . 1.i .1 .-. distinct or put out more
. .d if worried, move ever i , , ,11 . I, - .... rare of the shallows and
. Th- - 1- .- - through day and night and cannot stop or turn eas-
ily. Be seen,
From Bartica to Baganara Resort
This is an easy leg, but there are some rocks and shallows and waypoints should
be adhered to until you know the area.
* Bartica Anchorage to Bag 1 06 23 25N 58 36 75W
* Bag 1 to Bag 2 06 22 73N 58 36 77W
* Bag 2 to Bag 3 06 20 20N 58 35 92W

Anchor off Baganara anywhere except in line with the airstrip. We found the most
pleasant place to be about 80 to 100 metres off shore, slightly past the huge bamboo
.- giving some privacy to both boat and lodge. This is well within range of the
.1 . Transmitter.
From Bartica to Hurakabra Lodge
* Bartica Anchorage to Hur 1 06 24 91N 58 36 81W
* Hur to Hur 2 06 25 14N 58 36 97W
* Hur 2 to Hur 3 06 25 46N 58 37 84W
* Hur 3 to Hur 4 06 25 70N 58 37 76W
* Hur 4 to Hur 5 06 26 28N 58 37 52W
* Hur 5 to Hur 6 06 26 62N 58 37 77W
* Hur 6 to Hurakabra 06 27 02N 58 37 50W
Stay well off the sawmill on the island - there are extensive shallows here, and
only use this route at a good high tide.
I. i, I , .... le provides waypoints from Shanklands Resort so that you approach
Ii... .1 .1 ' '... the northern side. There are huge submerged rocks on the
Shanklands-Hurakabra approach and we preferred the Bartica-sawmill-Hurakabra
approach, as given above.)
Anchor slightly upstream of Hurakabra; do not go far beyond the northern limit of
the property as there are some rocks past there. You will see some mooring buoys
- you have to pay to use them, but anchoring is easy in good holding anywhere in
the channel nearby.
On your way in, at Waypoint 6, you will probably have seen Joyce Davis's yacht,
Mood Indigo. When you want to visit, just anchor anywhere close by and go ashore,
watching out for the little monsters, Duke and Ella - cute little dogs with an attitude
until they get to know you.
Exiting Guyana through the Western Channel towards Trinidad & Tobago
We exited Guyana through this route but we did experience some anxious
moments, when the depth sounder showed the depth to be 2.4 meters (our draft is
2.2 meters) - on what we thought was a high tide. You also may need to make pro-
vision for two overnights in order to make best use of the rising tides to get to the
Atlantic (depending on the moon .. i -..1-.... tides).
* Bartica to WChanl , . - -,, 58 36 70W
* Rattlesnake Passage 06 26 30N 58 36 50W
* Church 06 26 66N 58 35 30W
* Sail Rock/Makauria Island 06 27 90N 58 35 08W (Use caution in this area!)
* Shanklands Resort 06 29 37N 58 35 12W (Not operating in 2010)
* Close inshore 4 06 30 42N 58 34 58W
* Close inshore 3 06 31 22N 58 34 57W
* Close inshore 2 06 32 59N 58 35 05W
* Onward 06 34 20N 58 35 50W
* Lanaballi 06 36 25N 58 34 65W
* WChan 2 06 41 04N 58 34 486W
* WChan 3 06 43 13N 58 34 29W
* WChan 4 06 45 69N 58 34 086W
* WChan 5 06 48 445N 58 34 303W
* WChan 6 06 49 345N 58 34 143W
* WChan 7 06 53 327N 58 32 159W
* WChan 8 06 56 751N 58 29 321W
To go to Supenaam, make a sharp left to 06 56 998N 58 29 831W
* WChan 9 07 01 5N 58 26 9W
* WChan 10 07 08 8N 58 24 2W
* WChan 11 07 10 400N 58 22 400W
* WChan 12 07 23 OON 58 21 300W.

Next month, Part Two: Logistics for Cruisers in Guyana

Small passenger ferries are the busy 'buses' of the Guyanese rivers

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Anchors & Fenders

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Marine Hoses

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II A^LL^ A-SHOR^El ...0

When you think of a vacation in the Bahamas, you
think of lying on the beach and -ni-in the sea, sand
and sunshine. I had the great i .1.... of visiting the
island of Great Inagua, the third largest island in the
Bahamas, for a little less than two weeks studying the
biodiversity of the island. Shaped like a teardrop,
Great Inagua is located about 485 miles off the coast
of Florida and is the most southerly island of the
Bahamian archipelago. The population of Great Inagua
is quite small, around 1,000 people, most of whom
reside in and around the capital, Matthew Town. With
such a small population you get to be one of the locals
really quickly, and don't be deceived - there is a lot
more to do on this tiny island than lie on the beach.
My colleagues and I stayed at the Morton Main
House. This stylish two-storey guesthouse has been
operating for more than 30 years. It is owned and
operated by Morton Bahamas Limited, the company
that produces the same Morton Salt that ends up on
our tables at mealtime. Great Inagua is home to
Morton Salt's main facility, and the major source of
income to island residents is salt production. The
island, on average, exports a million tonnes of salt
annually to countries in the Caribbean, South America,
North America and Europe.
The Main House has six huge rooms each with cable
TV and internet, so we were never out of contact with
our friends and family. As it was the end of December,
there were not many visitors to the island except those
who were involved with the salt company. Representing
the Main House for the duration of our stay was Dulcia
Pennerman, who quickly advised us where everything
was located in the town and where to get a meal as they
were renovating their own kitchen and restaurant.
The Main House is located in the middle of town
within walking distance of the grocery, bank, post office
and library. There is also a local museum run by the
National Trust, which you have to call ahead to visit.
This brings me to one thing that you will find sur-
prising when you arrive on Great Inagua: most busi-
nesses do not keep regular opening hours; instead
there is usually a sign with a telephone number you
can call. The same thing with restaurants, and you
usually have to order ahead since there is not a great
demand for restaurant meals. Remember, there are
only about 1,000 people on the island.
During our visit, most of the owners of the small
restaurants were on vacation, either on or off the
island. Also, in addition to it "--n: lbT:-itmas time it
was also the time for Junkanc I .i ..... 1 ... Carnival).
We were fortunate to see some people practising for
Junkanoo, beating drums and other homemade instru-
ments and parading up and down the main street.
Our contact on the island was Captain Stephen
Fawkes, the island's historian and former mayor of
Matthew Town. No one on the island works in ecotour-
ism full time, but this does not mean that the service
in this area is lacking.
Although there is lots of sunshine, you don't get very
hot, as there are no mountains to block the soothing
coastal breezes that blow across the island. Like many
of the islands in the Bahamas, Great Inagua is flat,

--r - -

Above: Salt is trucked to the port, then shipped
to countries in the Caribbean, North and South America,
and Europe
Left Conveyer belts move the salt at 44 tons per minute
with the highest point reaching a little over 160 feet
above sea level, thus making Great Inagua great for
. hiking. That is exactly what we did. An easy hike is
"* " along the main road, passing through the town and up
4 to the lighthouse. If one is lucky and if the lighthouse
. keeper is in, one can ask to go up to the top and take
some photos. Unfortunately when we visited, the light-
house keeper was not in.
- We took a tour with Colin Ingrah ., -f "i .t i . . .
Tours, who explained how salt is - 1 ii ...
- [B water and processed before it is exported. First the
seawater is pumped into shallow ponds where it is
, Left to allow the water to evaporate. When a certain
percentage of the water has evaporated it is then
pumped into other ponds and allowed to rest for fur-
ther evaporation to occur. The ponds left are filled
with seawater so that there is a constant supply of
seawater and salt.
J ".-Continued on next page

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-Continued from previous page
The only thing that can throw a wrench into the salt
operations is rainfall, which will dilute the salt ponds
and delay salt production. The salt crystals produced
are huge and we were allowed to take some with us.
These crystals are washed and ground to produce the

on the southwest of the island, also known as Fawke's
Beach. As you drive along the west coast, you will see
some abandoned buildings including a church, where
there was once a small settlement.
You can also visit Conch Shell Point, on the south-
east of the island. A glance around the beach and you

Since the island is flat, it's an easy hike to the lighthouse

table salt we are familiar with. It takes approximately
two months to harvest salt for export after the process
has started as saltwater pumped into the ponds.
Mr. Ingraham also took us to the eastern part of the
island around Lake Windsor and to the border of the
Inagua National Park where we saw flamingos, the
national bird of the Bahamas. You might want to park
and walk along the road ' ; I 1 . I 1 1 at or photo-
graph them, as the soun i I ...... .. them away.
They visit the ponds near the road early in the morning
and retreat to the farther ponds as the day progresses
and the roads get more traffic. Besides flamingos, you
can see herons, egrets, cormorants and parrots.
Of course, a trip to the Bahamas would not be com-
plete without a trip to the beach, and the closest beach
is just a five-minute walk from the centre of Matthew
Town. Another great place you can visit is Devil's Point

will realize how it got its name as conch shells are lit
tered about the sand. The surrounding . I ....
classified as dwarf forest, where species i
. .11 ......... . 1. .1 .i1 f 15 feet or more are here only

After all that touring, hiking and relaxing, one needs
to eat. We enjoyed the Inagua Island restaurant. Like
most other businesses, it is located within walking
distance of the Main House. It opens from around
1 :OOAM and closes at around 9:00PM and also serves
as a mini cyber cafe. As soon as you walk in, the
friendly owners, Merlin and Ron, greet you. Merlin's
grandmother is fror.' i- .t Ti...;-. and was a principal
of a nearby school .,, i i .. .- .... the US. After living
in Atlanta, Georgia for 40 years they decided to settle
here on retiring. Their menu not only has local dishes,
but some American dishes as well, such as nachos.

The prices are also very affordable - where else can
you get ice cream or a portion of fries for a US dollar?
We also feasted on conch fritters, chowder, salad and
cracked conch, thanks to Dulcia.
As I mentioned earlier, you have to call ahead to
most stores before you visit and the same goes for
souvenir shops. Dulcia came through again and
directed me to Theresa Lewis who sells some of the
most beautiful and affordable handmade souvenir
items, for instance, plants and animals carved on
conch shells. This is done after the animal has been
harvested for food, so there is no wastage and no
destruction of these animals solely for craft. Theresa is
also a primary school teacher so this is a part time job
for her. She is known by everyone - just ask for
"Resie" as she is also called.
Although we celebrated New Year's Eve on the island
we did not attend any wild parties. This is because
traditionally on Old Year's .1.1 i i Lttend church
from ten to midnight and .11 . .. - .. goes for eats
and drinks at the church hall - which can go on until
four o'clock in the morning.
When people think of the Bahamas they usually
think of Nassau or the Abacos. To me, Great Inagua is
an undiscovered gem. Take the time to get here and
you will experience the best of both worlds: being a
wide-eyed tourist and living like a local. Great Inagua
is definitely an island I would like to visit again.
Jo Anne N. Sewlal BSc., MPhil., is studying for her
doctoral degree at the Department of Life Sciences,
University of the West Indies.

Things to Know

* Matthew Town is an official port of entry.
* 'nhr. - on Great Inagua include the waters
just 11 1.11 . Town, Lantern Head Harbour, and
Man-O-War Bay at Northwest Point. Fuel and water
are available at the Government dock in town. The
private pier at Morton Salt can be utilized by prior
* The Bahamas dollar is equivalent to the United
States dollar; you can pay for purchases in either
the local or US currency.
* The tap water is desalinated and is safe for
drinking. In the past, residents constructed under-
ground tanks called cisterns. These were built on
the property as a separate structure with its own
roof, so that they look like very short houses.
* There is no public transportation on the island
but one can rent a vehicle or hire a tour guide to
take you around the island. I would recommend
taking a guide to go anywhere past the outskirts of
Matthew Town as the roads leading out of the capi-
tal form a confusing network. (Following them as
hiking trails should also be done with caution.)
* If you want to go diving or snorkeling, ask for
Perry Fawkes, Stephen's brother.
* You can read The Bahamas Boating and Fishing
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Aboard the Rig:

Acrophobia is the fear of heights. This Latin word is
throbbing in my head, the only thing I can think of,
while I am trying frantically not to look down. The
staircase is painted bright orange. The steps are made
of welded thick metal rods, and between them, I can
see all the way down to the water. Mooring lines thick
as my forearm now appear thin as threads far below.
I am determined to reach the top, and find reassur-
ance in the steadily stepping heavy boots of the man
.. in front of me, his coveralls matching the col-
i the stairs. If he can handle this untroubled,
then so can I. This is not like climbing my 16-metre
mast to check up on the rig in a nice Leeward Island
anchorage, which seems like a joke in comparison.
This is almost four times higher, and my pulse is
pounding. My head vt- t-i--" - T lightly, but finally,
the stairway ends a:. i i i.. i . . . - I on the deck of an
oil rig. The captain stretches out his hand.
You have probably seen them near Trinidad and
Tobago or off the long Caribbean coast of Venezuela,
and definitely so if you have recently been to Curacao.
The thousands of bright lights from the oil rig make it
look like a 130-metre high Christmas tree, and it casts
such a bright light into the anchorage of Spaanse
Water that it's almost possible to read by it.
No, it's not pumping some newly discovered oil from
below the island; it's just moored there to get some
equipment fitted before moving farther towards the
Gulf of Mexico. There was just enough time for
Caribbean Compass to come aboard this local point of
interest a:. i ... -1,. . what it's like to live and work
on an oil ....
The brand-new 37,600kW semi-submersible oil rig
Bicentenario, a Gotaverken GVA 7500, was made in
Korea and shipped to Curacao by submersible barge.
Upon entering the Caribbean Sea, the crew prepared
for the work, which includes the installation of eight
35-ton thruster propellers. Between watches, the crew
get their feet on dry land, spending some time in the
local pubs on Curacao. The owner of the nearest pub,
just walking distance from Spaanse Water, must have
started to believe in supernatural forces when the
sales increased several times over in just a few days.
As I walk along the light-drenched deck, I have the
acute feeling that I am in a completely different world,
jerked away from the Caribbean into a starkly futuris
tic, unexplored milieu. More lights, cables, oil drums,
hoses, pipes, boxes with life vests huge enough to
shelter a family of four. A sign: "No Fishing". My mind
wanders to why this sign came to exist, and I once
again become painfully aware of how high I am right
now, the adrenaline in my blood sending a spark of
electricity to my fingertips. The island stretches out
below me, Curacao by night, as might be seen from a
skyscraper: fluorescent glimmerings of cars and lan-
terns, houses lit up, streetlights and neon signs. All of
it so distant.
The captain, a casually clad, no-nonsense man (why
are all Norwegians so no-nonsense?), shows me
around. Here is a 15-ton emergency anchor. There, the
stashed pipes f-r r-tri-'inf th- oil: the rig will be drill-
ing at water i 1 1, - 1 . .. . . feet, down to a maxi-
mum depth of 40,000 feet, a vast distance. The pipe
weighs 450 tons when assembled, and is held in place
by a huge hydraulic gadget that provides constant ten-
sion while it's connected. The rig is held positioned
above the drilling hole with the 4,000-horsepower
thrusters, not always very still of course - there is a
margin for movement within a diameter of about 100
metres. The platform will be operating during all sea-


,in Curacao

sons, so if a hurricane strikes, the oil rig will be dis-
connected and moved away using the thrusters. The
thrusters are constantly I..-l - after the installa-
tion, they will run non-st i . .bout five years.
We look down, where the enormous propellers are
being lifted with a crane positioned on a boat with white
letters, Buccaneer, on its side. This boat, a so-called

4 i. . 1, k.,,i
.iL /.F i , 1 1 . * Ji N

"supplier ship", is the very visible accessory of an oil rig,
standing by just beyond the danger zone of 500 metres
from the platform. When offshore,: i - 11. ....... I....
of the weather, sea traffic and the 1.i ..i , , .1.
the platform is busy with the actual oil retrieval.
On the rig, there are quite a few things to keep an eye
on as well. The oil rig bridge is full of displays and
monitors, some familiar, like a radar screen and a
chart plotter, some mysterious and mesmerizing. The
floor is tiled, the windows are tilted downwards to
catch a glimpse of the sea below, and the atmosphere
is crisp and clean, which sends away my thoughts in a
chain reaction, associating the space with a laboratory
in a sci-fi movie. The two gentlemen currently on shift
guide me through the monitors while the captain is
attending to some urgent business: all part of his job.
The captain comes back, the business settled (minor
issue with the lighting system on deck), and I have
time to chat with him about his personal background.

Born into a Norwegian fisherman family, the sea is his
life and career. Currently living in Indonesia, he is
enjoying his four-week shift work as the Bicentenario's
captain, interacting with people of 29 different nation-
alities, delegating duties and responsibilities, partici-
pating in the meticulous process -f .-2in. t- - F taff
to hire, and constantly alert and : i ' . i I... i;- of
situations. I ask him to tell some catchy story from his
work, but he doesn't find any. Everything always goes
smoothly, he says, but then mentions his previous
work - ten years at sea with smaller cargo ships -
with a smile. From that time, he says, he could tell
stories and stories, enough to write several books, he
laughed. Maybe some day....
He tells me more about the daily life on the oil plat
form. The platform is actually a ship - it can make
way on its own using the propellers (and will do that all
the way from Curacao to its final destination), thus
having all the usual trimmings that we yachties are
used to seeing on our own boats: a set of -;n-l fl.igs,
the lanterns, a courtesy flag 11 1., i- i, i . so
high that it will not be seen n i i, .11 - , surface, but
rules are rules. The oil rig will not travel very fast, mak-
ing about seven knots, but it's nevertheless a consider-
able speed, keeping in mind the size of the vessel.
We enter a door with a big "HABITATIONAL" sign on
it, and rt-t t.ll-:n-- ---;t this ship's crew. It has
places . .1 Ii ' -' " i all working in shifts, their
chores differing vastly, from cleaning and -.t-ri- t
working as -n-n--r- doctors and the like * ,I..
there are a '... i things one can choose to do -
there is a library, a gym, a cinema, even a sauna! On
Sunday, a barbecue is set up out on deck. As we
advance i' ... , .1, i, w space, we pass a small gal-
ley with I ....1 i ' cooler, and a fridge packed
with sodas, looking like your regular office kitchen.
There is a strict no-alcohol policy on the ship.
The captain's quarters consist of a working space
and a 1 :--.in- space. Quite spacious, at least in my
opinion 11 .... used to living on small sailing vessels),
and very neat: a bed nicely made, an armchair, a mini-
fridge, no clutter, no personal things except for some

clothes hanging from the wall hooks. I look behind me
and see a flat TV screen - the entertainment is broad-
cast when offshore. There is also internet free to use
for all the crew while off watch.
Now, as I am visiting the platform, I have seen several
crew passing by, dressed in orange coveralls, the dress
code being a security measure. Most are very busy, but
nevertheless quick with a smile and a welcoming nod. I
only see men, and ask the captain whether any women
work here at all. Yes, they are rare, but on Bicentenario
there are in fact two female crew - one in the catering
team, and the other a helicopter landing officer. It's very
positive to have women in the crew, the captain says.
They positively affect the working climate, and have a
good effect on their fellow crew who are male -the guys
keep themselves neat and polite.
As we talk, our stroll around the rig continues. The
final destination is the helicopter pad.
-Continued on next page

Signing in, a security procedure carried out before climbing the stairs to the first deck

-Continued from previous page
I approach its edge and look down to see the dark waters of the Caribbean far, far
below. The air is warm and moist, a contrast to the air-conditioned bowels of the rig.
The captain lights a cigarette. My instincts scream about how wrong that is, and I
toss a tentative query to the captain. It turns out to be fine to have a smoke on an
oil rig, believe it or not, when not engaged in action, of course. Who would have
thought that? The captain asks about my own Caribbean experience, and I give him

The piping, disassembled and stowed

Captain Steinar Larsen shows the Compass reporter around

The bridge: the jrg's operational and navigational center
Tebridgeth rig' rational and navigational center

the short story of sailing off from cold Sweden, through the North Sea speckled with
oil platforms very similar to the one we are standing on, towards southern Europe
and across "the puddle" to the sweet Caribbean. I tell him about my plans ahead,
sailing around in the tropics. He smiles, offers jokingly to trade jobs.
And frankly, . . - .... i. fantastic, surrealistic hidden world of the oil rig by a
Caribbean isla i II... i ... - considering it.

Special thanks to Captain Steinar Larsen for giving Caribbean Compass a tour of the rig.

Your bottom is our concern

* Yacht storage maintenance and repair
* Teakworks, stainless and aluminum fabrication
* AWL grip application and many other services

phone.+ (5999) 4658936

email. info@curacaomarine.com

t curacaa

visit wwwcuacaomarinecom

0Co0t41e I scotte

by Tom Scott

On February 14th, 2011 I departed Chatham Bay,
Union Island at 6:OOAM aboard Monet II, my 47-foot
Beneteau. I left the bay with the mainsail set to the
second reef and the headsail rolled out approximately
two thirds. This is my usual procedure as it is difficult
to know exactly --..t 1- *, -nn, -- th respect to the
wind until you '....i-. i i . i ... i beyond the lee
of an island in the Caribbean. I find it easier and more
comfortable to increase sail area if the winds are in
fact light as opposed to decreasing and reefing if the
wind is too strong.
The day started out with approximately 15 to 17
knots of wind. As time went on the wind grew in
strength and occasionally squalls ca... I. ...-. i
approximately 9:30AM the winds were, .. i i. .. .1
20 to 25 knots with occasional gusts to 27 knots. The
seas were approximately three to six feet, growing to
six to nine feet later in the morning.
Everyone aboard was in a good mood as we'd had six
wonderful days of sailing in the Grenadines and were
on our way to St. Lucia with a planned overnight at
Wallilabou, St. Vincent. We planned to have dinner at
the Rock Side Cafe and clear out of Customs to con-
tinue on to Rodney Bay the next morning.
At approximately 9:45AM, while Peter Chocholak was
at the helm and I sat on the starboard side of the cock-
pit, Monet II began to shudder violently and make a
loud crunching sound. This lasted for approximately
three gut-wrenching seconds. In the final second the
stern felt as if it had been lifted up a foot or two. As
this was happening my mind v --. r-.: I knew we
had not hit a reef we were in : ****** i i water and
nowhere near any shoal water. Consequently I knew
we had hit something very big and probably metallic
just under the surface. Peter yelled, "I cannot steer,
the rudder is stuck!" I went to the helm, looked into
the water behind us and saw a flat orange object just
below the surface.
Knowing that we had just hit something quite hard,
hard enough to shake the boat to its core and lift up
the stern, my first concern was "are we taking in
water?" I immediately went into the stern portion of
the bilge to see. By this time the boat was out of con-
trol, sails flapping in the wind. There was a fair
amount of water in the stern section of the bilge but it
did not seem to be increasing and the automatic bilge
pump had not activated. So I turned my attention to
the sails and to attempt to stabilize the boat as it was
rocking badly and turning in circles to port. I took
down the headsail anc . 11..,i 1 the mainsheet to the
close-hauled position. , 11, 11, , mainsail set to the first


Above: Monet II's rudder was seriously damaged
in the collision

Below: The crew: from left to right, Peter, Tu, Mylinh,
Captain Tom and Arlen

reef, this configuration seemed to be ideal as it stopped
the turning and actually had us in a very stable "hove
to" position.
I still had cell phone reception and got out my folder
with emergency phone numbers and called the Coast
Guard in San Juan, Puerto Rico. They patched me
through to the St. Vincent Coast Guard. We explained
our situation to them and they informed us that they
did not have a vessel available that would be able to
tow us in, however they would send out a 27-foot skiff
to stay near us in the event we began to take on water.
They gave us an ETA at our position of 30 to 40 min-
utes, but did not arrive until four hours later. (Telling
the story to a local sailor, he quipped, "Man, you
should have told them you had five tons of cocaine on
board; they would have been there in five minutes!")
I attempted to use the emergency tiller, however it
was useless as the rudder shaft housing had been
ripped right out of the hull and there was no way to
insert the tiller into position. It didn't matter anyway,
as we discovered later the rudder was completely fro-
zen in a left-rudder position and was jammed right up
into the hull. I got out a large crowbar and began to
attempt to straighten things out to see if I could dis-
lodge the rudder. However almost immediately I
thought, "Maybe not such a good idea: I might loosen
the rudder and make it somewhat usable but put a
hole in the boat at the same time".
Still very concerned about the damage below, I
wrestled with the thought of putting a mask on and
diving under, with lines under the hull, to see what
further damage might be there. I weighed the pluses
and minuses and decided that the best course of
action was to do everything I could to find out what
exactly was going on below the hull. Considering I am
a very strong swimmer and a scuba instructor and the
boat was very stable in a hove to position moving for-
ward at approximately a knot and a half, I decided to
take a look. Once below I examined the rudder, the
shaft and propeller, and the keel as far up the hull as
I could see. Much to my relief, there appeared to be no
further damage.
My crew/passengers seemed to have a lot of confi-
dence in my ability to take care of the problem, per-
haps a little too much, as they were enjoying them-
selves, viewing it as an adventure. I wasn't real happy
about that, but I decided that was better than a pan-
icked crew. I told them what I saw under the hull, that
the boat was not in imminent danger of sinking and
that I felt our only serious problem was the fact that
we could not steer. However, I told them, "Just in case
I am wrong, get the life vests out, pack a small bag of
your important personal belongings and come back up
on deck." We then had a briefing on how to use the life
raft and the procedure that we would follow to aban-
don ship if need be.
Later on the Coast Guard put us in touch with
Toosie, a guy who had a large enough salvage/towing
vessel to bring us in. They informed us that there
would be a charge for that. I spoke with Toosie on the
cell phone (by this time we were on the verge of losing
cell reception and I was alternating between cell phone
and satellite phone, not only with Toosie but the Coast
Guard as well). Toosie told me his brother, "Captain
Sparrow" (I'm not making this up and I do not know if
his first name is Jack!), was on his way to fire up
Geronimo from Bequia and was on his way to tow us
to wherever we wanted to go.
Finally connected with Capt. Sparrow, I gave him
our position. Capt. Sparrow informed us that he was
havir . i ii 1 ...- . 1.. GPS, so I explained our posi-
tion -.... i ..... . i. ... Canouan and Bequia. This
turned out to be a mistake as for some reason Capt.
Sparrow thought we were just off the coast of Canouan
and proceeded to head to Canoin- :-.-: r-i- t by us
about six miles east. After four . .... - 1 i .... i us.
I told him I was hove to and suggested I leave the
mainsail up for the tow. However he wanted me to take
it down. I explained to him if I did that, the boat was
going to drift in circles to the left. He thought that was
okay and that's what he wanted to do. So I took down
the mainsail and they threw us a towline. We hooked
it up to the bow but sure enough Monet II was drifting
in circles and the line got caught up in the keel. So we
had to let the line go and try again.
The second attempt was successful and Geronimo
began to tow us to Ottley Hall, St. Vincent, the only
place nearby where we could haul the boat out of the
water. I told my crew, "Let's talk about what we are
going to do WHEN, not if, the rope breaks". They
1,,, 1 1,1,',king I was being overly pessimistic.
SI . I. ..- and a half into the tow the rope broke.
It had been chafing on Geronimo's stern ramp. But we
were prepared, and it took us very little time to get re-
secured and we were back on our way again.
We arrived in Ottley Hall at about 5:30PM and rafted
up alongside Geronimo for the night, as there was no
one there at that hour to haul us out. By this time the
boat had begun taking on water and it was too much
for the electric bilge pump to handle so we took shifts
to manually pump throughout the night.
Finally, the next morning at approximately 9:OOAM,
Monet II was on the hard and safe. I am now a firm
believer in having "kick ass" bilge pumps and an emer-
gency rudder system.

A Holding Tank for Dummies:

In Search of the Perfectly Simple, Idiot-Proof Holding Tank

by Chris Doyle

Many years ago I wrote an article for Compass titled "Hold the Holding Tank." My point at that time was that
there was no evidence that the small amount of waste from yacht toilets did any ecological harm, so why not just
flush away? My opinion regarding ecological damage has not changed; as far as I can see there is none. The marine
environment that most of us anchor in can easily deal with the small amount of effluent from yacht toilets.
But these days, when there are so many more yachts, I look at it more from an aesthetic point of view. It would
be much better not to flush the heads if there is anyone swimming anywhere close, and there are times when it is
good to be able to control just when your effluent goes in the sea. For example in Fort de France, Martinique;
Bridgetown, Barbados; and Gosier, Guadeloupe, many locals like to swim around the bay, among all the yachts,
in early morning. They should certainly be able to do this without even having the slightest chance of meeting
anyone's discharge.
In addition, more and more marine parks are asking us to have holding tanks, and I think it is time to comply.
I think of it as a way to be courteous to others. Ever since my catamaran, 7i Kanot, was built, I always intended
to have a holding tank, but it has taken some ten years to get round to installing one; plenty of time to think about
how it should be done and to come up with the simplest, easiest, most dummy proof way of achieving it.
In searching for a design I was influenced by an incident that happened many years ago. I was cruising in
Sweden on a yacht with a holding tank. It was a complicated affair with lots of hoses and valves, including a
Y -valve. I did not understand how it all worked and somehow I managed to flip the wrong switch and create a
brown disturbance around the boat that did not move for hours in the calm water - very embarrassing. I wanted
something simpler and more foolproof than this.
I see no objection to
Sfecal matter ending up
;- in the sea. The solution
" ". ' .. . to pollution is dilution,
llll .. and this is best achieved
by depositing small
SrVENT :. amounts over a wide
area in deep water. It is
perfectly I
friendly; thE
all, deals with the feces
from many more ani
Smals than humans -
whales, dolphins, sea
lions, fish and seabirds,
to mention just a few. It
all gets recycled. I
remember once, while
anchored in very still
." ....*-.- . .... water in Trinidad, being
curious about what hap
"" opened after I pumped
the head, so I went to
the stern and looked.
The effluent was quickly
set upon by a school of
sergeant majors, which
seemed to find it the
"7. perfect breakfast snack.
It is just a question of
whether you dump
. effluent in an anchor-
age, or farther out at
. : . . sea where there can be
- 1-i .1 -1 section. The
Si i . ..... pump-out
stations does not make
any sense, except for
. long term marina
guests. Anyone who
wants to know where
land-based sewage ends
up can take a whiff of
the water as they sail
. past Point Saline in
i .i :^ Grenada or Pointe Plum
S-in St. Martin.
Eliminating the pump-
out mechanism makes
Hold it! This simple installation offers the option of discharging waste appropriately the construction of a
holding tank much easi-
er. You can also forget
the Y valve and any
extra hoses.
It struck me that the simplest possible holding tank was a small tank plumbed right in line with the effluent
hose. The effluent from the toilet goes into the top of the tank, flows through the tank and out of the bottom of the
tank, from where .1 . . . 1,, into the sea. At this point you have a normally operating toilet with a tank
plumbed into it. / i ...... i the time you might well want to use it like this.
To make this work as a holding tank all it needs is a valve on top of the tank with an air vent. To deploy the
tank, just close the seacock and open the vent. Waste will now start building up in the tank instead of flowing
through. To empty it, simply open the seacock. Gravity feeds it right out, then you close the air vent. To flush out
the tank, simply pump the head with the air valve closed and the seacock open. The tank does not have to be that
big, ,,-1 .. .. 1. 1, 1 . rw flushes.
I h. i i - 1.11 . ,,i , i . -. as to how to do this on my boat, but since it was new territory I opted for something
I could see and remove easily if the project turned out badly. I had my friend Rolly in Trinidad build me a box that
would fit in the space behind the toilet. It is 26 inches wide, 8 inches high and 6 inches deep. He built it out of ply
and fibreglassed it inside and out. Before we glassed the lid on I installed a four-inch inspection hatch at each end
of the top, so if there were ever any blocks (so far there have not been) I would be able to deal with them. I plumbed
the vent into a nearby rope locker. We gave the tank about a five-degree list to starboard to ensure it would com-
pletely drain. We attached the hoses and it has worked perfectly up to now.
I do like having it. It makes me feel more comfortable when people are swimming around, and gives me more
control over when to flush. The tank does take up space, but the top of it forms a handy place to store things like
tissues and, in this installation, a towel on the towel rack completely hides it. It seems completely foolproof and
simple to use. I recommend it.




CAL 0 9 8 46 o rc
or emails.

JULY 2011

Y ARIES (21 Mar - 20 Apr)
Your verbal skills will be under full sail for the
month. Use this aspect to show how talented you
are with words and also as an opportunity to
smooth out any rough waters in the public areas of
your life.

d TAURUS (21 Apr - 21 May)
y c .. I ,. I J.... I . -l
life. It could help you break old habits of negative
thinking that have kept you in irons in the past.

E GEMINI (22 May - 21 Jun)
You will be a gale of- -rl "n-r. and *re in good
aspect to Saturn, the ... i i i ...... - - so here's
a good opportunity for progress, especially around
the 11th and for several weeks after that. Use these
aspects to the fullest and they will pay off royally
in the future.

CANCER 0 (22 Jun - 23 Jul)
Concentrate on the creative boat projects you
started last month and you will make rapid head-
way. You will find unexpected support from a
female friend who will assist you in clearing the
decks for good things to come.

Q LEO (24 Jul - 23 Aug)
You can make creative headway using your ver-
bal skills and will receive helpful inspiration during
the first week from an unexpected source.

TT VIRGO (24 Aug - 23 Sep)
This will be a good month to just sit on the hook
in some secluded cove away from the usual vibes
and just veg out. You need time to recharge your
batteries to be prepared to deal in a positive man-
ner with aspects heading your way.

^ LIBRA (24 Sep - 23 Oct)
While creativity and romance are surrounded by
choppy seas you will feel an upswing of work
energy, and with Saturn in your sign it's a good
time to invest this energy in boat business.

TTL SCORPIO (24 Oct - 22 Nov)
There's no place like home, and this month that
is where your creativity and romance are anchored.
You can make great positive way forward if you
center your efforts on making things comfortable on
board on both the physical and emotional levels.

J SAGITTARIUS (23 Nov - 21 Dec)
Even though you'll be feeling no wind in your
sails this month, there are good aspects for cre-
ative verbal skills. Perhaps a stint as a stand-up
comic would be in order.

Z CAPRICORN (22 Dec - 20 Jan)
There may be problems with your main squeeze
on board and it could interfere with boatwork prog-
ress. You will need to revise your priorities and
decide what areas of your life need the most atten-

IAQUARIUS (21 Jan - 19 Feb)
Use your increased energy in marine business
and you'll make headway and contacts that will
serve you well in the future.

= PISCES (20 Feb - 20 Mar)
You will be full of enthusiasm but will be at a loss
as to where to direct it. Romance will be frustrating
and you may find it hard to see what course to
take, but keep a positive outlook and you'll find
calm seas just over the horizon.

Compass Cruising Crossword

Tall Ships of the

Northern H1emisphere


III , .. ,I .... . . II ...

"1 I H , _,''

I I. . . .. .. .I h , .. .,
II ' I . . . . I ,I , . ....iI ''' . ,,,
,I-II ... .. Ih I'' i. . I

'I II I .' i I. I

I, ' 'h ' ',Ir ,-I .... i... . ,,
IIq II' . '....., -., ' '... i '', ' ,- h
_ 1I h , -' I I . ..'.I' II .. ...

_ I Ih' Il ,* I.. .. ii h,- ' '.


:I .. lu l:. I .. ..* L...

C 2

I do not like marine parks. I do not like the 'greenies',
But I do love these islands - maybe I'm an 'inbetweeny'.
I do not like the foreigners who tell us what is right.
They don't consult the locals, and cause bitterness and fights.
Have they no imagination? Do they never really see
That their constant scathing comments on our inadequacy
Are cruel and demeaning? Make us feel small and vexed?
But we take it, shrug and wonder what the fools will come with next.

But never mind, one day for sure they will all go away
And leave us our inheritance, and then perhaps we may
Find the camaraderie there was in days gone by,
When folks would help each other, and then maybe we could try
To teach our kids to be aware that garbage in the sea
Is ugly, nasty, dirty, and it won't help you or me.
Train everyone to pelt their plastics in disposal sites,
And care the reefs and spawning grounds of fish, for then we might
Become the island people that God must have meant we'd be,
With pride and local knowledge of the winds, the tides, the sea.

Progress will only happen when we do things for ourselves
And discard our tendency to stuff our projects on a shelf.
Keep our islands free of drugs that rot young peoples' brains,
Then they can make their contribution to the island chain.
Oh yes, I am a dreamer, for me dreaming is a must,
For our islands could be heaven for our kids, for all of us!

- Nan Hatch .

parlumps marooned

'-I- -

-A. - -


~' iS

rh. t~
-. -2

When Parlumps came to the mosquito
battle in his coconut armor, he
had no idea that half his enemi7e
would die of laughter...

Crossword Solution
27) WATER 6) SHE 35) TON

I. --------------------------------- Eu

/ay , * ,, a e, -

rvl' ... . . :

by Elaine Ollivierre


In order to explain what tsunamis are and how they are formed, we began by
I -- 1-1 -t the structure of the Earth and the theory of continental drift. One piece
i , I , in support of this theory was shown to be the discovery of the Mid
Atlantic ridge with its active volcanoes and formation of new crust material.
Where else are volcanoes found?
Geographers mapped the positions of known volcanoes. Their locations showed
I that most volcanoes were concentrated in places around large areas of the Earth's
crust known as plates. Scientists theorized that, as the plates moved, magma
I from under the Earth's crust could rise up at the plate edges and form volcanoes,
just as it did under the Atlantic.
However, some volcanoes were found in the middle of the plates, not round the
edge. How could this happen?

A scientist called J. Tuzo Wilson proposed a theory of 'hot spots'. Beneath the
Earth's crust is the hot liquid mantle. Wilson suggested that some areas under
the crust are particularly hot. Convection currents in the mantle would move the
hottest material upwards and, at these hot spots, the magma is forced up through
cracks in the crust where it becomes known as lava. The lava continues to pour
out and forms a volcano. At first, the volcano is under water but, as more and
more lava comes out, the volcano height increases until the volcano breaks the
surface and forms an island.
The hot spot theory by itself doesn't involve continental drift. It explains how
ONE volcano might be formed in the middle of a plate but it doesn't explain how
a chain of volcanoes might be formed. That's where continental drift comes in.
Let's look at an example.
The chain of volcanic islands that make up the US state of Hawaii are in the
middle of the Pacific plate. The rocks of the northernmost islands have been found
to be older than the rocks of the islands in the south. If you think of the Pacific
-1 -.t- ;--i-i. 1 1- to the north over ONE hot spot, you can see that, over millions
i i . ' '' .. ia works its way to the surface in more and more southerly
positions, forming new volcanoes as it comes up. The 'Big Island' of Hawaii is the
youngest island of the chain and is currently over the hot spot. But as the plate
moves on (at a speed of about 11 centimetres per year), the next volcanic island
has already started to form. Lo'ihi is now only a few thousand feet under water
and should surface in the next 100,000 years!
Take a plastic soda bottle (with its cap) and half fill with -in-.r Add a large
spoonful of baking soda and rest the cap back on the top ol 11' i )ttle. (Do not
screw it down.) As the soda and vinegar react to form carbon dioxide gas, pressure
builds up in the bottle until it pops off the cap and foam seeps over the top and
down the sides, just like lava from a real volcano. This is how a volcano erupts,
from the pressure of the magma beneath.

I. --------------------------------- ml


by Scott Welty
The Planets in July
MERCURY - Rising after the sun but setting around 2000 hours all month. Good
chances to spot this little guy!
VENUS - Rises around 0500 early in the month moving to 0600 late in the month.
EARTH - .. ....i 1 .1.... deciding to pick a tentative date to perhaps announce it
is not runni.. , I . II
MARS - Rising around 0315.
JUPITER - Rising between midnight and 0100 and riding in Aries.
SATURN - Setting around 2300 to 2400 hours and riding in Virgo

Crescent moon and Mercury on July 2nd at 1845 hours
Mercury setting on July 19thjust under the bright star Regulus
The relative positions of Sun, Earth and Mercury on the 19th. Notice Mercury
is at aphelion
Sky Events This Month
1st New Moon
2nd - Crescent moon setting with Mercury (see Figure 1)
4th - Earth at aphelion! Farthest distance from the sun. (You'll not notice!)
15th - Full Moon
19th Mercury at maximum elongation for the year (see below) - setting farthest
east from the sun at 2011 hours (see Figure 2)
27th - See Mars in the early morning twilight with the crescent moon sitting on
top of it!
30th - Next New Moon
31st Bright satellite: Genesis 2 rises at 1959:08 and sets at 2011:35* traveling
fast and low in the southwesterly sky Tnook for it rising in the northwest and setting

due south. Around the 2005-hour mark it will appear very near Saturn in the skies
of Grenada.
* Farther north in the Caribbean, Genesis will rise a little earlier, be lower in the sky,
and be up for shorter duration.
Tiny Mercury
Good chances to see Mercury this month. Figure 3 shows the relative positions of
Earth, Mercury and the Sun on July 19th. Double bonus: we have a wide angular
separation between the sun and Mercury because of their relative positions, plus
Mercury is at aphelion (its farthest distance from the
Ssun), -, - , .1-- the angle its biggest pos-
s ib Mercury is the closest planet to the sun and not so
far from Earth, and yet Mercury has remained a
mystery to planetary scientists. Why is Mercury so
dense? Why do it and Earth have a magnetic field
but not Venus or Mars? Is there frozen water in the
Craters? To answer these questions and more the
Messenger probe was launched in March and at this
S .. completed more than a hundred orbits
S .... The last time Mercury was visited by a
i ^p space probe was in 1974 by the Mariner (nice
name!) probe and it only made three passes and
Basically photographed the same side of the planet.
I Then that film had to be taken to Walgreen's and it
- - - became a bit of a mess. Since then we have yearned
- - "' to see the 'other side' of Mercury. Mercury is in a
synchronous orbit, which means it is spinning at
the same rate that it is orbiting around the sun,
much like our moon is around the Earth. That is,
Mercury always presents the same face to the sun. But now we are getting tons of
data on the entire surface of Mercury. It took this long to design and build a space-
craft that could survive the extreme conditions that exist this close to the sun.
Mercury itself is a whopping 800-plus degrees Fahrenheit on the side facing the sun
and -300 degrees on the side away. The Messenger probe carries a variety of detec-
tors besides just cameras to answer those nagging questions about Mercury.
To Contemplate While Having a Glass of Wine on Deck
Summer = Milky Way (Figure 4)
On-- *2in mid-summer is the best time to see
the : ..,,', ,I Milky Way stretch up from the
southern skies. In summer you are looking toward
the central hub of our Milky Way galaxy in which
our sun is one minor member. We're about halfway
out on one of the spiral arms of a collection of hun
dreds of billions of stars, spread out over 100,000
light years of space. It's not really milky of course,
but those stars are concentrated in space as viewed
from here so that our eyes cannot distinguish one
from the other. As you look about and contemplate
billions of stars, each one with masses similar to or
even gigantically bigger than our own sun it is hard
to appreciate that all that 'stuff (hydrogen and
helium mostly) represents only about 0.4 percent of
the mass of the galaxy.
That's ,, 1, The motions of the stars in our galaxy
should I .,I simple orbits about a central hub
much like the planets orbit our sun. But they're not.
All explanations point to "Dark Matter". Dark matter
is MOST of the galaxy and even the space between
galaxies. You can't see it, we're not sure what it is made of (brown dwarfs, neutrinos,
black holes, chubby unicorns?), but it HAS to be there to explain the motions that we
see. This is similar to when we couldn't initially explain why Uranus' orbit didn't
exactly conform to the Newtonian ideal. It was posited that there could be a planet
outside of Uranus' orbit that was -l=t rn-n: ti- motion. Telescopes were pointed to
where that planet would have to b ., - , . we discovered Neptune.
OH, and there's "Dark Energy" too... stay tuned.
Scott Welty is the author ofThe Why Boc - .,i,,,. f 3urford Books, �2007.
Scott is cruising the Caribbean with Sue o . I ..... Wondercat aboard the 1983
Endeavour 40 center cockpit S/V Enee Marie. Scott tells Compass readers, 'We look for
ward to perhaps seeing you as we sail the waters of the Caribbean. Stop and say hi!"

T/From To/From TofFm r
* EQUIA * BEQUIA 1USTIQE Private Jet Charters available
-CARRlACOl LI NION * NION toundfrom allpoints within the e Se cs



NIGHT to the

*t. Night Calypso by Lawrence Scott,
Allison & Busby Limited, 2004 edition,
418 pages, ISBN 0 7490-0663-3.
As if Dr. Vincent Metivier did not have
enough to do in his work with the
Patients at the leprosarium on the small
Trinidadian island of El Caracol, a letter
from Father Dominic from the Priory of
Our Lady of the Rosary, Santa Ana,
Porta Espana, added further to his
responsibilities. The letter asked Dr.
Metivier to take abused Theo, an edu-
cated 12 year-old boy with --h- 1t�i
cal problems and physical sc ,- 1 t.
hands as the priest was unable to cope
with him.
In part, the letter read, "The boy does
not talk anymore. He will not talk here.
He cannot stay here. I believe that you
can get him to talk. When he does, his
story will go in fits and starts, wander here and there, but it will return. It does
return to the main road...."
Dr. Metivier obliges. He brings Theo to live with him on the island. But what Father
Dominic did not mention was that the boy's story takes forever to return to the main
road. So, that's how Trinidadian author, a previous winner of the Commonwealth
Writers Prize and former Benedictine monk, Lawrence Scott, sets up his readers to
listen to Theo's series of sleeptalks, namely "Night Calypso", in what is the main
theme of the book.
Meanwhile traffic on the side roads gets just as heavy as Theo's solo rendition on
the way to the main road. Readers are right there, driving along with Dr. Metivier as
he makes his rounds on the wards, lovingly ,o ,, ,io . to his patients with the help
of his young assistant from France, Sister Th - a researcher and one of the
nursing nuns who worked at the hospital - . i ..... 'tention to detail
makes the experience of the ward rounds .I . i . ...I . I are all the doc
tor's encounters with his patients.
The relationship between Dr. Metivier and Sister Therese begins as one of mutual
respect and admiration for each other's work. As they get to know each other better,
they share confidences during conversations snatched whenever they get a chance;
they are not allowed to have personal conversations. Gradually, Dr. Metivier confides
his concerns about Theo to Sister Therese, who has her own worries and eventually
has a nervous breakdown.
It is 1938. Sister Therese's father, a doctor who is a French Jew, sends her disturb
ing letters about unfolding events in Europe, t1i f ,'n. 1 tih "little cororral's"
quest for world domination. Sister Therese is ,I, , I I , I , I .... - life. In the Gulf
below her, "a German destroyer, gun metal grey and gleaming on the lit sea, its
Swastika appearing and disappearing as the wind tore at the pennant in the stern"
did not make matters any better.
As Dr. Metivier and Sister Therese draw closer to each other, Mother Superior is
on the lookout. She warns Sister Therese, "Dr. Metivier has his own ideas, Sister.
You, on the other hand, must follow the ideals of our Order." And she reminds the
doctor that her nuns are the brides of Christ.
But Mother Superior has more than difference of opinion with the doctor. They are
on opposite sides when it comes to administering care for their patients: theirs is an
issue of faith versus science. Mother Superior said, "We don't have the drugs. But
what we've got is prayer and faith." Dr. Metivier believed in research, research,
research, giving sulfa, the new wonder drug a try, and showing love and affection for
the pa ,, - I a, ,,e - Mother Superior was on the side of decorum. "She was of the
schc i p ior, -. i'to [0 believed, despite the evidence, that infection was easy. She
believed in quarantines. Vincent's new regime meant increasingly open nursing and
proper education in hygiene."
Krishna Singh, the El Caracol pharmacist, who is an admirer of the "black labour
leader, Butler, who had been imprisoned for inciting riots in thirty seven down
South" is also frustrated by the lack of drugs and amenities for the people, as he
called the patients. In a heated meeting with Mother Superior he told her, "Mother
Superior, you can't have people living in these hovels, these barrack rooms. You
can't have i.... .... away from their women. These people are people, you know."
The drive I ''s I improved rights of the people is taking place in another of
the side roads, spearheaded by Dr. Metivier and Krishna Singh, and aided by
Jonah, the boatman who daily rows Dr. Metivier to and fro across the bay from
the doctor's house to the hospital. Meanwhile, Theo still renders his night
calypsos in installments.
Theo mimics the voices of the characters he's telling about as he sleeptalks/sleep
walks, and, as his story unfolds, Dr. Metivier learns that Theo's mother was the
black housekeeper of a white family, and that one of the family was Theo's father.
Its a story that takes the doctor back to his youth. During his teenage days he, too,
impregnated the daughter of his own family's black maid.
Adding to the drama is the advent of an American base on El Caracol, when, after
the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Uncle Sam enters the war and makes a deal with the
British, swapping destroyers for bases in Trinidad. Night Calypso also gives an
insight into the leper colony off Trinidad's west coast at the time.
Mission accomplished: Dr. Metivier succeeds in getting the boy to talk, just as
Father Dominic believed he would. Although Theo's sleeptalk is the way back to the
main road, it is slow and bumpy, and exasperating for readers. At times it seems as
if Theo needs a map to get him there. Nevertheless, Scott has remained faithful to
presenting a character with a psychological disorder and has created a realistic pic
ture of Theo's troubled personality.
Be prepared to devote much time to this book. Make it a long leisurely read. You
will savour Scottfs prose describing the sea and landscapes.
This book is available via www.allisonandbusby.co.uk/book/night calypso.

Fockts don't move,

but everything

else dos.


Marine Parks

nst watering



KFnp with It,

get the lateet!


Read in Next Month's Compass:

Magical Mayreau

Discovering Cousteau's Legacy in Bonaire

Carriacou Kids' Sailing Club
... and more!

W "i1iii0i BY ROSS MAVIS

Eggs Get

a Bum Rap

In my humble opinion, condemning eggs as cholesterol-laden killers is like con-
- T all sharks because some have been responsible for attacks on humans. Too
11 go to extremes in trying to solve a problem and in doing so we create other
problems. Eggs have been eaten by man for countless centuries. As early as 2,500
BC, fowl were raised domestically for eggs and meat. However, in the past hundred
years, more and more of us expect and demand as much as possible from life. Many
people today not only want their share of everything good, but also their neighbors'
share as well. It is this insatiable appetite to have more than we require, that causes
us so much difficulty. This applies to food, resources, money and probably sex.
Okay, enough with the philosophy: lets talk about cooking - let's get cracking!
Eggs, in moderation, should be a part of your diet. Egg whites are an excellent source
of protein and riboflavin. Egg yolks are a good source of protein, iron, vitamins A and
D, choline and phosphorus. It is the egg yolk that contains cholesterol; about 200mg
of the suggested 300mg daily maximum recommended for adults. Some low choles-
terol eggs are now on the market. These have less than I,*""'',. f cholesterol due
mainly to the manner in which the chickens are bred ... I However, these
sophisticated eggs are in small supply and are somewhat expensive.
Egg substitutes are available in small cartons. This product is usually com-
prised of egg whites, starch, skim-milk powder, vegetable oil and other additives.
These imitation .. - contain no cholesterol but have almost as much sodium as
real eggs. Lets i . it, God has been making eggs for eons and they can't be
beaten as a simple food or as an additive to many recipes.
Remember to store your eggs in a refrigerator. Storing eggs at room temperature
causes them to lose a great deal of their quality very quickly. Keep eggs in their car-
ton. Don't unpack them or put them in your refrigerator egg holder. Eggs will pick
up odours from food stored in their proximity. Fresh eggs can be refrigerated for up
to a month.
An easy way to measure an egg's freshness is to place it unbroken in a deep dish
of water. Newly laid eggs have little air buoyancy in them, are relatively heavy and
will sink and lie flat on the bottom of the container. Week-old eggs have had time
to develop an air pocket in the broad end of the shell, providing buoyancy and will
tilt with the broad end slightly upward. Eggs several weeks old will stand upright
in the water.
Remember, don't remove eggs from your diet but do eat them in moderation. Here


* Steaks
* Seafood

* Pizzas

Happy Hour
All Day & Night
on cocktails & beer!

Free docking for yachts dining with us!
Free water taxi pick up from your yacht to our dock!
5 & more people & Captain eats for free!

Marigot Bay, St.Lucia Phone: (755) 451-4772 VHF 16

is a unique way for you and a few friends invited for onboard brunch to enjoy the
benefit of eggs.
Egg Omelet Roll
10 eggs, beaten
1 Cup milk
1/3 Cup flour
1 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper
1 sweet pepper, diced
1 Cup grated cheddar cheese
1 teaspoon chopped oregano
Preheat oven to 350� F.
Prepare a 10 x 16 inch baking pan by lining with parchment r^p-r rnr1 -pr-.-in
lightly with non stick spray. (If parchment paper is not available, ...........
line the pan and spray well with non-stick spray.)
In a large bowl, beat eggs well and add milk and continue to beat. Add flour, salt
and pepper and diced sweet pepper. Mix well to fully incorporate and pour mixture
onto the baking sheet. Place in oven and cook for about 12 to 15 minutes. When
edges are partially done, remove from oven and sprinkle with cheese and chopped
oregano. Place back in the oven for about two or three more minutes until eggs are
set and cheese is nicely melted. At this point, remove from oven and carefully roll egg
up by lifting parchment paper from narrow end of pan. Be careful, as egg is hot.
When rolled, let rest for a couple of minutes and then slice and serve with your
choice of salsa. What a great way to enjoy eggs!

" t SurtM k Castleat AidMr nd tUfgilAr Mi Iesig wi
ans urnis. t war.Mratsd ss mlt an. a

We arm spWkmle ga:

rw rr Flagflp Stav I Ca Bay, St MuSW l .
You wll be responall.le for
a Tre .w, 'if tiI* u * ,ri Ti.' Ai.* 1i trai
*rn* mnr rar rplrl n dIm ; .1.jl r.. 4 p)ut m rr.ir. v '.ArI..
" Inventory managnerl nad aLon l
SLeading a large sales anW store suWoW team
M E~su ing a No level of now ledpat usomier wnce
f T.)sl .,yr.rr irn.irm inj laff
You td possess w. Ilowing ils andm experience
An outgcng pcwnts aw s"M %al Sins sales "IWy
* Sying I.aaBi,hc 3rd 3Di. le task C vl' *r anCl brjira 5ll sile

*j u'ar. *-L"lc'. Arik-g i, TW .j.-nq 1,h' -V idjar.iji i n1ptmwiec
* 41:01-l,.9q usfOriteCi -:-I ad OWl bfi 1i& anMC Ir'I. uBFl-ff i
* Sne n b fian w op via" M a ifw emun] wIma Wd te a plus

We wll ffer a sary cominenalsatE wmth Expeencemm pius bues, health ca pe Wsion
pln, aw oISCowts W4 oWW nWs trf l e *l "W s V0el as VOWrt oppotfniies

Water Worldl

keep you aill ngi

nMan 5n43l fa n #l * A 6 Naerbo i * S. La s ti f e*

Dear Compass,
Stuart Dalgliesh's Letter of the Month in the May
issue of ... i .. ... 1. .. - except he uses too broad
a term , i .. . i ...... .I whties". The proper yachts-
man or yachtswoman, of which there are all too few
sailing today, when anchored in Saltwhistle Bay would
be either moored bow and stem (with either bow or
stem facing into the swell depending on the design of
the boat), or anchored on a proper Bahamian moor as
is described on the back of all Imray lolaire charts. If
anchored with a Bahamian moor - i.e. two widely
spaced anchors set from the bow - the boat will swing
to wind or current, but will take up little more space
than a circle slightly larger than the length of the boat.
The proper yachtsman or yachtswoman would not
be bringing garbage ashore and throwing it in the
mangroves, and when they saw the beach and man-
groves being cleaned up would immediately pitch in
and help.
What Stuart - 1 - '.;1 ;. as "yachties" the late Ross
Lulley (1923- I ' ', ) ,i i describe as "water people".
Ross f i i .... i i .1 . .. i 1 -1. I. in Bequia in 1950.
I reme ..i . .... . i. . been watching the
yachting scene develop over the last 40 years. I spent
18 months in China right after World War Two on a
navy ship in various harbors. We dealt continually
with water people, so I know what water people are. As
each year goes by, I see more and more water people
and fewer and fewer yachtsmen."
Don Street
Glandore, Ireland

Dear Compass,
We are liveaboards who have been traveling the
beautiful Caribbean for more than two years. Recently,
while anchored in Tyrell Bay, Carriacou, I was witness
to the most shocking and sad event I'd seen in my
whole trip. On May 28th two local men who are often
aboard an old wooden sailboat at anchor in Tyrell Bay
were cleaning their boat. One filled up a big cardboard
box with trash and handed it to the other man on
deck, who dumped all of its contents overboard, right
in the middle of the anchorage in front of everybody.
This was shocking enough, but they filled up the card-
board box again and dumped some more. The box
must have held around four cubic feet of garbage. Not
the biodegradable kind, either: mostly tin cans and
plastic tied up in bundles. This dumping went on for
about an hour under the eyes of many horrified boat
ers. By the time the two dumpers were finished, the
floating garbage line stretched about a mile out the

. -._-".- - - - -- - -

bay and off the coast of the new marine park, a deli-
cate, supposedly "protected" area. But can we still call
that a marine protected area if dumping goes on with-
out any sanction?
Actually, one visiting boater, coming back to her
* 1.i ... 1. . 1,.. 1, 1,d slow down and ask, "What are
. .. . men loudly told her to go to hell
and threw trash at her, yelling that the water was

"his". These guys' behavior was clearly a danger to the
environment, and we visiting boaters got the feeling
that they might be a danger to us, too!
When I saw this trashing, I went to one of the local
dive shops in Tyrell Bay to let them know what was
going on, and to make them aware that a mile-long
garbage line was sadly but surely traveling toward the
park's reserve. The dive shop phoned the Port Authority,
hoping they could stop this guy's trashing. As far as I
know, no one from the Port Authority showed up.
More dumping occurred on May 30th. These madmen
got rid of more cans, plus an old rusty freezer that almost
hit a catamaran as it floated out of the anchorage.
I am -r t--. -1 How could something like this hap-
pen? '. - . ,u we could do to watch silently? But
these incidents are in the past, and we still have the
future. In the future, there is at least one thing we can
do. These guys, in addition to dumping trash into the
pristine waters of Tyrell Bay, also sell wine to the boat
ers anchored there. Next time one of them arrives at
your boat, you can decide if you want to support these
litterbugs or not. I also encourage everybody who wit
nessed any of this dumping to mention it while clear
ing out at Customs. Let's hope that if - .'. i i, 1 ,
spread the news, it might reach the Boa' i I I ........
Then maybe action can be taken against such activity
before it drives away all the tourists.
Please sign me,
Concerned for a Clean Carriacou

Dear Concerned,
We passed your letter on to Edwin Frank of the Grenada
Board of Tourism for his response, which follows.

Dear Compass Readers,
Further t- 1 - . 1 .. of a letter of complaint
regarding I. .. . I lumping that was wit
nessed in Tyrell Bay in Carriacou, the Grenada Board
of Tourism is both shocked and appalled that this
behaviour was indeed factual.
Indeed, the Board is grateful that this opportunity is
being provided by the popular Compass magazine for
it to express its total abhorrence of such behaviour,
and to make it known that the matter has been drawn
to the attention of the Royal Grenada Police Force who
are at present being aided in their investigations by
the alleged culprits. It is important to note that there
was an immediate reaction by one of the dive shops in
Carriacou, Lumba Dive, who contacted the wardens of
the Marine Protected Areas (SIOBMPA).
Clearly by its own modus operandi, the Grenada
Board of Tourism is aware of the need to constantly
protect both the land and marine environment. It is
therefore truly regrettable that unscrupulous individ-
uals would have chosen to embarrass Grenada so
wantonly by their actions.
There is no doubt about the huge contributions that
yachting visitors make towards the sustainable and
balanced development of Carriacou's tourism industry.
Indeed the people of Carriacou are saddened to learn
of this incident, since they pride themselves as being
environmentally conscious and frown constantly on
any form of littering. Just recently a group of 34 divers
and non-divers on the island participated in a massive
beach clean-up campaign, which is one of several such
clean-up initiatives that -. 1.-.i-1 annually.
The Grenada Board ol i ....... presses its grati-
tude to the visiting yacht personnel for expressing
their disappointments and urges all yacht users to call
(473) 405-7490 to report any illegal activity that they
may witness.
Edwin Frank
Public Relations Officer
Grenada Board of Tourism

Dear Compass,
Kudos to Kyocera and Island Water World!
When I built my cat, TiKanot, back in 2001, I bought
w 1 ' ' att Kyocera solar panels from Island
, , , i i in St. Maarten to take up the available
space on my hardtop. At first these worked like a
giant; I was delighted when my panels actually broke
a 20-amp fuse, and they easily kept up with my small
fridge, lighting and computer.
However as the years passed, it seemed to me I was
getting a little less power each year. In order to keep up
I added another solar panel (different make), and that
got me by for a couple of years. Then even that was not
... .1 - I bought a windmill to try and make up the
Iih ' " But by last year, in full sun, the panels
which once broke a 20 amp fuse almost never limped
as high as ten amps even in the strongest sunlight.
I complained about this to Brian at Caribbean
Marine in Trinidad and he told me, "The panels almost
never go bad; it must be your system." So I had him
come and check everything and eventually he agreed
- the panels were not performing as they should. He
added, "Kyocera are an excellent company. You should
contact them".
I think to myself, "It is now ten years later. I know
where I bought the panels, but I have no receipt or
record of the purchase. I doubt I will get far."
-Continued on next page

Stock Up

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The Food Fair has it all and a lot more





The Carenage:
Monday -Thursday
8 am to 5:30 pm
Friday until 8:45 pm
Saturday until
1:00 pm
Tel: (473) 440-2588
Grand Anse:
Monday -Thursday
9 am to 5:30 pm
Friday & Saturday
until 7:00 pm
Tel: (473) 444-4573


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t Eapaenc in a manage prita
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SBroid knowledg of boxing pruits
- A drive for ammtmer seavkl
* Strong verbal & written cmmuinkialkm ddls

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Grenada-Grenadines, St- Lucia, Guadeloupe
Yacht minu be o good COndtons with at least
one cabin and sepearal washroom fJi guest
Two persons crew required Year round income,
Call Daniela in Grenada (473) 443 3424
or e-mail dg@canbsenvice.com

www.cartbean-sun comrn www karibikreisen co

Private Jachto-n mit Crew

fur Charter gesucht
Grenada-Gren3dinen St 1.uci3, Guadeloupe
Jachil muss in u!e'rr. Zusia-,.' se-n rt mindeslans
1 Kastne und eigeler Nasszelle fir Gasle
2 Personen Crew. GaniahnSrgs Eanlomimen.
Daniela in Grena. Irlrule ii ;7i :1 1424m
c.4r Emn,.ti dag.grir*D-er..f Cen

KA RJ 11 m SEtH
Afv) fnlbrb'1 Sjr. -CJT A W&% A 1''i'


-Continued from previous page
Nonetheless, I took the serial numbers and dropped
an e-mail to Kyocera. I wa' 1 1. 1. 1 and surprised
when they were completely - 1i ,,nI . ... the start and
offered to replace the panels at my convenience. We
had a little back-and-forth about which panels they
should replace the old ones with, as panels of the
original size were no longer available. Once that was
decided, they shipped the new panels to arrive at Island
Water World when I was in St. Maarten. Island Water
World also went beyond the bounds of reasonable ser-
vice: they not only received the new panels for me, but
took care of all the packaging of the old panels (no
small job) which had to be returned to Kyocera.
(Kyocera paid for the freight.)
I have been absolutely delighted with the result. The
new panels, watt for watt, are putting out about twice
as much as the old ones, once again giving me ample
power. It is a great pleasure to be able to report on
such excellent service from both companies.
Chris Doyle
Ti Kanot

Dear Compass,
Having crewed on yachts myself and searched for
crew work I completely understand a common and
growing frustration among crew workers about free
crew labor. In a blog written by Alistair Le Poer Trench
on dockwalk.com (www.dockwalk.com/MyDockwalk/
Blogs.aspx?id=41054&blogid=33356), he describes how
newbies in the industry in the Mediterranean are some-
times forced into working for free to gain experience.
Unfortunately a similar situation can be seen in the
Caribbean, and in some ways the situation is even
worse in the Caribbean than what Alistair describes
in Palma. Some captains now expect you to pay in
exchange for work and a couple of sea miles. As far
as I know this is an unheard-of phenomenon outside
the sailing industry. Furthermore, often the owners
forget to inform the crew about the regulation laid
down by the International Maritime Organisation
(IMO), which states that repatriation is required for
deliveries and moreover, that the crew have the right
to get a flight back to their country or place of embar-
kation or the boat can be held until Immigration for
that country is satisfied.
As pointed out by Alistair, working for free is "a slip-
pery slope for other dayworkers that are also trying to
get work." Its not good for you or the industry. For the
industry as a whole it is bad, as it will force the qual-
ity of the crew down. As Alistair writes on his blog,
"Experienced dayworkers will be forced to lower their
rates to compete. Owners will reduce their budget for
dayworkers and so it goes on until it is 'the norm' for
newbies to be paid nothing for daywork in exchange
for 'experience' a i - ... 1,,,,. to write on their CV."
This may in the ... ..... i . the better qualified to
leave the industry they love until there is nothing else
left than inexperienced and unprofessional crew.
I feel that even these inexperienced or less experi-
enced crew should be paid, perhaps less than the
experienced crew, but they still hold value and if the
shit hits the fan, they could prove to be essential.
Owners would expect if the boat got into troubled
water that even the unpaid crew would assist the cap-
tain with every request that is asked. But how much
can you as an owner expect from an unpaid crew? You
get what you pay for!
Karin Rosen Christensen

Hello Compass,
I'm writing this to try and raise awareness of our
fantastic and healthy coral reefs around Bequia. I live
and work on Bequia as a scuba diving instructor.
On June 8th at Devil's Table reef, I was teaching
scuba diving to our three PADI Divemaster candidates
when we witnessed a big charter catamaran dropping
lots of chain and their anchor directly onto the five
metre (15 foot) pristine coral reef. This reef is on charts
and has the west cardinal marker at the corner of it
(no excuses for not knowing it is there). Two of my
candidates work for a well-established local charter
company as captain and first mate and the other is an
international solo sailor. My three Divemaster trainees
and I asked the people on board to move their boat to
an area with no reef and use their tender to come out
over the reef. They responded by saying they only
wanted to snorkel. We could see underwater that there
was already damage to the reef from their anchor and
I told them that the reef wouldn't be 11. ......1. 1 ... ,
if people anchored directly onto it. I1. 1 ' .... 11.
boat then came on deck and told us "I know the waters
around here - I know the laws" (obviously not as his
keel was about one metre off the top of the reef) and
dismissed our request for the catamaran to be moved.
Eventually after much show they raised anchor and
repositioned out from the reef.
We also had a well-displayed "diver down" flag (red
with white diagonal stripe) on our dive boat which is
used to indicate to other water-users that divers are in
the water and to stay clear. The catamaran drifted
directly over us. To protect my students I immediately
sent up an additional delayed surface marker buoy,

even 11. .... ! were within the area protected by the
dive .1 - I .. With increased use of the same areas
for boating, fishing, 1. .. ,,1 i1. . ,tersports we
all need to be aware < i. . .. . - ... i ' considerate
towards each other.
Dive Bequia (www.divebequia.com) has installed and
maintains buoys on all the reef sites around the lee-
ward coast, including two on Devil's Table. Everyone is
welcome to use them, alongside the Dive Bequia boats,
and they are designed to hold small-sized tenders (din-
ghies, etcetera). I have dived with many professional
underwater photographers who claim that Devil's
Table reef is the best site for r---li-- r .-r lif- -.I-
healthy reef. The SVG Departiu .. ......... .. 1
sent Emmy award winning cinematographer Marty
Snyderman and Blue Caribbean magazine's Solomon
Baksh to take promotional underwater photos at this
dive site with us.
Please, please respect the beautiful coral reefs and
breeding areas so your friends, families and future
generations of water-users can enjoy them too.
Wishing you safe, fun and exciting times on Bequia.
Polly Philipson

Dear Polly,
According to the laws of St. Vincent & the Grenadines,
"the northwestern coast of Bequia including the area
known as Devil's Table between Latitudes 13�00.5'N
and 13�00.9N and between Longitudes 61�15.37'W
and 61�15.6'W" is a Conservation Area. Conservation

ing is not prohibited in Conservation Areas.
However, it is illegal to 'take or collect" corals any-
where in SVG's marine environment (without the writ
ten permission of the Chief FYsheries Officer), and one of
the particular aims of Conservation Areas is to protect
corals, so it seems obvious that inflicting anchor dam
age on coral - especially in Conservation Areas -
should also be illegal. Chief FYsheries Officer Raymond
Ryan tells us that the SVG government is, in fact, look
ing at revising the existing legislation and moving
toward putting mechanisms in place to prevent anchor
ing in sensitive areas such as coral reefs.
Meanwhile, charter captains please be aware that if
you damage coral, you are destroying the very beauty
that you'll want to bring your guests to see next week
or next year. Coral is a living organism and the bite of
a metal hook and the dragging of chain over it spell
death to the coral polyps and the reef Destructive
anchoring, even if technically legal, is not a sign of a
truly professional charter skipper.

Dear Compass Readers,
We just found a gem of a bay made especially for
cruisers. It is called Salinas and it is on the southeast
coast of the Dominican Republic. . i . . , bay, pro-
tected on all sides creating nice, : . ... /ater for a
comfortable life on board.
We are anchored in front of the Salinas Hotel where
owner Jorge Domenech has given us a great welcome
and help with all our needs. The hotel serves delicious
Dominican specialties at a reasonable price and dock-
ing at the marina is only US$10 a day. Power and
water are available for an extra fee.
In the small, peaceful pueblo of Salinas we found a
wonderful little restaurant named Rincon Marino. You
are taken to a refrigerator where you select your fish.
Then they prepare it to your order with salad, rice,
plantains frito or french fries. The cost - around $5.
A former "client" of the restaurant was Natalia, the
goat, who developed a strong fondness for beer, so
much so she died at the early age of seven years of
alcoholism. A painting of Natalia adorns the restau-
rant wall in a prominent place.
The main industries here are fishing and salt ponds
where we see large pyramids of salt ready to be bagged.
The bay has a backdrop of the high Dominican
mountains that reach the surprising altitude of 10,000
feet, the highest in the Caribbean.
, 11..- ...., , ,. L big Five Stars and our rec-

Bill and Soon Gloege
S/V Gaia
Morgan 38

Dear Compass Readers,
We want to hear from YOU!
Be sure to include your name, boat name or shoreside
address, and a way we can contact you (preferably by
e-mail) if clarification is required.
We do not publish individual consumer complaints or
individual regatta results complaints. (Kudos are okay!)
We do not publish anonymous letters; however, your
name may be withheld from print at your request.
Letters may be edited for length, clarity and fair play.
Send your letters to:
Compass Publishing Ltd.
Readers' Forum
Box 175BQ, Bequia VC0400
St. Vincent & the Grenadines

Letter of

the Month

Dear Readers' Forum,
Having recently spent five months in Venezuela (Puerto La Cruz, Los Roques, Tortuga and Margarita; February
through June 2011), we'd like to offer our perspective on visiting these areas by yacht. Although many fellow cruis-
ers in Trinidad (who had never set foot in Venezuela) advised - - I .... .... ' h ,I , ,*,,,. -lezuela would be a big
mistake, we made our own risk-benefit trade-off and decided I . ,' , 1' h, I. i ,, primary goals: spend
several weeks in Puerto La Cruz to get numerous long-needed repairs done to our boat, spend some leisurely time
o-'pl-in - T Pnques National Park, and make a quick stop in Margarita to stock up on duty free wine and rum.
'I' .... II enjoyed our visit, to the extent that we have abandoned our earlier plan to continue westward (to
S iii _ i i hurricane season in Curacao) and now plan to keep our boat in Bahia Redonda Marina in Puerto
La Cruz (PLC) for the rest of 2011. While crime remains a real concern, and the economic situation in the country
continues to be difficult, there is much to enjoy in Venezuela. The climate is marvelous and the Venezuelan people
lovely. Venezuelan fruit, vegetables, beef, chicken and seafood are outstanding and reasonably priced. Fuel is
extremely cheap, and medical care is good and very affordable. As of current writing (June 2011), and mindful of
the ongoing 25- to 30-percent inflation rates, Venezuelan prices are especially a "-1rin f-r -. -one arriving with
US dollars, as the "black m.l-rt" -h..rn- r.t- easily obtained, is about double 11. 1. . .1 . .1 This black mar
ket rate can also be a big . I ... ii , i ......... inland travel to South American destinations or for visiting the
US or Europe. Currently the official rate is about 4.3B/US$ and the black market rate is around 8.0B/US$.
Regarding crime, during our five-month visit, we never had any type of criminal incident, either in town or on
our boat. Yes, some of the prior - -tm-:= '-in=t yachties have been especially heinous, but they seem to be the
small minority now compared to i ........ i i petty crime". A quick look at crimes reported on various websites
(Safety & Security Net, Noonsite, WiFiGuy) show very few crimes against yachts on the mainland in the past 18
months, and none in 2011. A big reason for the reduction of crimes reported recently is undoubtedly the drastic
reduction in the number of yachts visiting Venezuela, but the statistics are encouraging.
Margarita and Testigos seem to have the worst record for crime and yachts are behaving . . i... i We saw
about 25 yachts in Porlamar in February 2011 (as opposed to at least 100 when we visited th( . .... -* i a friend
reported only 12 there in May 2011. However, the Venezuelan Coast Guard is patrolling very visibly around
Margarita and also eastward along the Paria Peninsula, and we understand the Coast Guard station at Testigos is
taking more assertive steps to prevent crime in that vicinity.
All this said, most yachties we met who had been in Venezuela for more than a year had all experienced some
type of criminal event (purse/bag snatching or petty theft being the most common). Such street crime is unfortu-
nately also the case for almost all South American nations. We were very careful travelling around Puerto La Cruz:
we never wore "good" watches or jewelry; we went to the big central produce market in small groups, but using
the local por puesto taxis; we avoided walking in known barrio (slum) areas; we took bona-fide taxis in 1 ......
if we went out to dinner. When anchored out, once the sun goes down, we always have our ventilat. i i ,,, .
bars" well secured in our companionway and hatches, and of course the dinghy is locked up. When travelling any
distance offshore or between islands, we paid special attention to nearby or approaching vessels, and had our
response plan well rehearsed ahead of time. We sailed direct from Trinidad tc '1nrn{rit starting at night and
staying 20 miles north of the Paria Peninsula, running with lights to simulate I- I ,,,,. - sel rather than a sail-
boat. It was comforting to have AIS (receive only) on board, as there was always a large ship within eight miles of
us that we could hail by name to request assistance. Although the ship wouldn't have guns, it would have cam-
eras and perhaps be able to render medical or other assistance if needed.
Puerto La Cruz is clearly the yachting capital of Venezuela. The Doyle Cruising Guide to Venezuela and Bonaire
(3rd Edition, 2006) gives a pretty good summary of the numerous marinas, major chandleries and marine ser
vices available, although it's ---mn:. - -ted now that we are into 2011. For security reasons, yachts no longer
anchor off the PLC downtown ,, , i . - Colon); all yachts put into a marina in the El Morro Lagoon development
area. We chose Bahia Redonda Marina, once the favorite of American yachties, and still where most cruising yachts
choose to stay although the cruising community is now more European now that Americans have chosen to pass
Venezuela up. Bahia Redonda is located in a well-protected cove, has floating docks, lovely grounds, a gorgeous
pool, showers/toilets, barbecue area, cable TV and WiFi internet as well as two travel agents, a laundry, mini-
market and a restaurant all located on-site. Directly next to the marina is a full-service boatyard with travelift. But
best of all, Bahia Redonda has outstanding security 24 by 7, and several security .-- .1 1 .'- stationed around the
grounds, on-duty all night long (one was even stationed at the end of our pier, -* ' I 1 ... our stern).
For our needs, PLC was ideal to get many long-needed labor-intensive projects done, such as paint, gelcoat and
fiberglass repairs. We were so pleased with the workmanship and affordability that we also now plan to get even
more improvements done during hurricane season. Less skilled but still very competent laborers for general boat
cleaning, waxing and polishing can be hired for about 150 bolivars a day or you can contract by the job. US
name-brand marine products can usually be purchased, but at a premium price due to import taxes, so bring
your own or consider using similar Venezuelan (or other South American) brands that may be equally good and
much cheaper.
The 'r riti Customs, Immigration and Capitania offices are now all co-located there in Porlamar just a bit
east ol i ...... Juan, thus -n-.l-in -learance a much easier process than before. You can clear in/out yourself,
although some knowledge ci -1 ..... , will be helpful, or Marina Juan can also be hired to serve as your agent.
Marina Juan still provides a secure dinghy dock and arranges a free shuttle bus several times a week to the Sigo
supermarket, which has a great grocery selection as well as the duty free shop. In February 2011, there was no
longer any WiFi service in the anchorage although some yachts anchored on the western side could poach off
- t .1- from the beachfront hotels.
i r nt several memorable weeks in the 1...1 ......... . and very special Los Roques ar-hirl 1.-- a
Venezuelan National Park. Crime continues to be ...', ., I I i, , Gran Roque is still not a port I ,'. ', I if
yachts present themselves to the authorities without proper clearance into Venezuela, they will not receive a
warm welcome. The current park fees Oust increased in March 2011) are 152 Bolivares per person and 22.8
Bolivares per foot boat length for a 15-day stay. This can be renewed for a second 15-day period by paying the
same fees again.
Regarding other cruising grounds in eastern Venezuela, the prevailing advice for the Mochima area and the
western parts of the Golfo de Cariaco is to travel in groups of two or three boats and to be careful at night (no
removable gear on deck; prevent human access to the cabin; lock c. . ... 1 1, i The eastern end of Cariaco,
particularly the village of Medregal, is still regarded as very safe and .1 ... . I .1 I place for long-term storage
on the hard.
We hope this helps fellow yachties make a more informed decision about visiting eastern Venezuela in the next
few years. We have also submitted articles to both Noonsite and the Seven - ......... ,, ,, - -
provide many more specific details on services, prices, etc, that would be 1b I .I ..i....... I

John and Ruth Martin
Yacht Moon Dog
53' Amel Super Maramu ketch

St. Lucia
Efficient handling
of all your import and export.
Brokerage services and
Yacht Provisioning

Tel: (758) 458-1504
Fax: (758) 458-1505
Cell: (758) 484-3170

"Boat Insurance

Any Crafl Aby US; I/iyAge, Anywhere!


6n UMarine
The insurance business has changed.
,. No longer can brokers talk of low rates.
Rather, the honest broker can only say,
"I'll do my best to minimize your increase"
There is good insurance, there is cheap
insurance, but there is no good cheap
insurance. You never know how good
S your insurance is until you have a claims
MMy daims settlement record
cannot be matched.

I have been connected with the marine insurance
business for 47 years. I have developed a rapport
with brokers and underwriters at Lloyds and am
able to introduce boat owners to specialist brokers
in the Lloyds market.
e-mail: streetiolaire@hotmail.com





on Traditional Sail

PLEASI ALtt . I Ji.H 724 .44J
I 11ACG L 450 411 1iMI DRIWS COMa

1- _ - -- -- -A ---X- - ------- --

TEL: 58 [281) 265-3844 - E-MAIL .ri,cuir.u. ,-jrAti.-rrrni i .tri

What a thrill to wake up in the morning and sail a couple of hours to another island
for lunch or dinner! There are numerous safe anchorages and a variety of marinas to
choose from to suit your taste, and every island has its own local color.
Back on St. Thomas, one of the main reasons we like the Sapphire Beach Marina
is the manager: Niles Pearsall is just one of the nicest people you will ever meet. He's
always around to lend a helping hand. There are also larger marinas in St. Thomas.
For example, in Charlotte Amalie, the IGY Yacht Haven Grand Marina (see photo) is
ideal if you want to be in the center of town and do some serious duty free shopping.
You can also try the American Yacht Harbour Marina, which is centrally located in
Red Hook. However, we prefer a more laid-back feel and Niles' personal touch, which
reminds me of the theme from Cheers: "Where everybody knows your name, and
they're always glad you came".
At Sapphire there is a pleasant private beach with a volleyball net already set up
and a fabulous pool area. Bruno's 13-year-old grandson really loved snorkeling right
off the beach - there are colorful corals, fish and sea turtles that you can swim right
up to. I prefer just lounging on the beach, but it was nice to see Dominic having a
ball in the water with his fins and mask.
The marina is located just a short taxi ride from Red Hook, about US$5 per person
and well worth the trip. There is a wonderful outdoor cafe on the waterfront named
Latte's, perfect for your morning cup of Joe and the bonus of i-i1- ---.t-hin:
Across the street, you'll find a grocery store and some cool local : .... ... -
are ready for a night out. Molly Malone's is a fun casual restaurant with live enter-
tainment and a two-storey view of the water. You will find Mexican, Italian, Thai, and
various types of Caribbean dining in Red Hook, so you have plenty of options.
We did not have a car when we visited St. Thomas in March, so I admit to not being
conscious of the parking situation in Red Hook. On Saturday night, we drove around
Red Hook looking for a parking spot near the restaurants. There was a parking lot
that was obviously paid parking but no lot attendant, so we drove down the main
drag and pulled into the only space we could find: a parking lot attached to some
condominiums. We parked the car and took our chances that it would b, .11 .. 1.
for a couple of hours. I do vaguely remember seeing a large sign that read i
YOUR OWN RISK". But naturally, we didn't pay any attention - th-
We were in the I i i' i ' i ....... ind ate at Pesce. After a '.. i . I..i inner, we
returned to the pa .I , . Too bad - the parking lot was locked up for
the evening, and it was obvious that without a gate opener our car was going
nowhere. So we caught a cab back to Sapphire Beach and prayed the car would be
there in the morning.
The next day, Niles gave us a - .........1,,,. 1, ,,1 i ) Red Hook to get the car. It
was sitting there right where we i 11 . i I i i ..- 11. lot attendant on hand was
your average cool Reggae man. We explained the situation and he graciously informed
us that we owed him $5 for leaving the car there overnight. He only works until
9:00PM, and then the gates are closed for the evening. He was not too surprised, so I
assume this happens with tourists quite often. Car problem solved, we drove back to
the hotel and marina, and enjoyed another great day ashore in St. Thomas.
Bruno Bruch and Nanette Eldridge of S/V Geronimo are active racers who placed
third in the Classics Division at the 2011 BVI Spring Regatta. They continue to cruise
around the Caribbean while making Ponce Yacht and Fishing Club their homeport.


Shore Leave in St. Thomas
by Nanette Eldridge
At the end of May, Bruno and I spent Memorial Day weekend in St. Thomas with
family members who were there on vacation. They had reservations for a condo at
the Sapphire Beach Resort and Marina. We had docked our boat at the Sapphire
Beach Marina two months previously for the Rolex Regatta, so we already knew our
way around - or so we thought!
Our homeport is Ponce, Puerto Rico and we think of Sapphire Beach Marina as a
convenient stepping-stone on our way to the BVI. It is located at the east end of St.
Thomas near Red Hook and puts us right into the Sir Francis Drake Channel. It
takes us close to 24 hours to sail from Ponce to St. Thomas. When we arrive, we like
to spend a night in Sapphire Beach Marina to catch up on our sleep and regroup.
From Red Hook or Sapphire, it is less than two hours' sail to Tortola's West End for
check in at BVI Customs. The Customs officials there are really helpful, and can
make your check in/check out at the same time to save you a trip back. Grab a moor-
ing ball, check in with Customs, then dinghy over to Pusser's at Soper's Hole for a
Painkiller. From there, you can sail the calm waters of the Sir Francis Drake Channel
* i .11 F i ,. British Virgin Islands -you will sail past some of the most beauti
:i ... - ... i - of the Caribbean, with easy line of sight sailing even for newbies.

Ahoy, Compass Readers! When in Grenada, pick up your free monthly copy of
the Caribbean Compass at any of these locations (advertisers in this issue
appear in bold):

Art Fabrik
Grenada Yacht Club
Island Water World
Marine World
Port Louis Marina
Budget Marine
De Big Fish
Essentials Mini-Market
Grenada Marine
Island View
Le Phare Bleu Marina
Martin's Marina
McIntyre Bros
Prickly Bay Marina
Spice Island Marine
Turbulence Sails
True Blue Bay


1 Public holiday in Antigua & Barbuda (Vere Cornwall Bird Sr. Day)
and the BVI (Territory Day)
1 - 3 Firecracker 500 Race, BVI. West End Yacht Club (WEYC),
4 Public holiday in the Cayman Islands (Constitution Day)
4 - 5 Public holiday in St. Vincent & the Grenadines (St. Vincent Carnival)
8- 10 KATS Premier's Cup, Tortola (IC24 youth sailing)
8- 17 Dominica Dive Fest. www.dominica.dm/site/divefest.cfm
9 Bequia Fishermen's Day Competition. www.bequiatourism.com
9- 17 Round Guadeloupe Race for Traditional Sailing Canoes.
10 Public holiday in the Bahamas (Independence Day)
10 Underwater Clean-Up, Bonaire.
14 Bastille Day. Celebrations on French islands
16 Cruzan Open One Design Regatta, St. Croix, USVI.
St. Croix Yacht Club (SCYC), www.stcroixyc.com
16 - 1 Aug Tobago Heritage Festival. www.visittobago.gov.tt
17 - 20 BVI Billfish Tournament.
17 -24 Calabash Festival, Montserrat.
22 - 6 Aug BVI Emancipation Festival
23 Guy Eldridge Memorial Race/Cruise, BVI. Royal BVI Yacht Club (RBVIYC),
24 - 1 Aug Carriacou Regatta Festival. www.carriacouregatta.com
27 Carriacou Children's Education Fund Barbecue, Carriacou.
28 - 1 Aug Canouan Carnival, Grenadines
29 Carriacou Children's Education Fund Charity Auction, Carriacou.
30 Cudjoe Head Celebrations, Montserrat.
31 Emancipation Day Regatta, St. Lucia. SLYC, www.stluciayachtclub.com
31 - 7 Aug Tour des Yoles Rondes, Martinique. www.tourdesyoles.com


1 Public holiday in many places (Emancipation Day) and Jamaica
(Independence Day). Kadooment Day celebration in Barbados
1 - 2 Public holiday in Antigua & Barbuda (Antigua Carnival)
and the BVI (Festival Monday and Tuesday)
2 Governor vs. Premier Island Sloop Shootout, BVI
2 Public holiday in St. Kitts & Nevis (Culturama)
3 Public holiday in the BVI (Festival Wednesday)
5 Black Boaters' Summit, BVI. blackboaterssummit.com
6 Marigot Bay Race, St. Lucia. St. Lucia Yacht Club (SLYC),
6 - 7 Windward Fete, Lorient, St Barth's (boat races and fishing tournament)
8 Public holiday in Anguilla (Constitution Day)
8-9 Grenada Carnival
15 Public holiday in Haiti (Assumption Day). Public Fete, St. Barth's
24 St. Barthelemy Day, Gustavia, St. Barth's (boat races, music)
25 St. Louis Fete, Corossol, St. Barth's (boat races, music)
27 Great Race (powerboats) from Trinidad to Tobago
28 Fishermen's Beach Fete, Castara, Tobago
31 Public holiday in Trinidad & Tobago (Independence Day)

All information was correct to the best of our knowledge at the time
this issue of Compass went to press - but plans change,
so please contact event organizers directly for confirmation.
If you would like a nautical or tourism event listed FREE in our monthly calendar,
please send the name and date(s) of the event and the name
and contact information of the organizing body
to sally@caribbeancompass.com

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40'&C liopard 0 Pihvdr. O,neiVer 249K 4; Bendrea u4 .C JLJS Well .utntted 17iK
ii f C' j.'[ L-22 .- l , IAn i irh j in I ' - I ' " V .... 1 ,,, 141 - J rr* .., i1,1..... m .4
38 F.Palor Arheni 01 Great Cond & Prncel 55 4. Jieannau Sun 0 J,.sy X) High Sp.t qWK
! ' ' 4* .ll -.. i t il, - L. l.I 'll0 l.j 1, r j 1 . I t. I * 1 - I , If I .N 1II ll . .ll " .r.' h.A I - k
371F.P.Maiylarnd 99Arlate Wel Eaui ped 1SK 40 Beneleau 5 te, A lUvi K'Il i9Iis 5 K
, , *, , ,l, , r 1, 1 I *i, .I I- I ' I I , II 1. Ilk 1 h .J[ ', ' ll I I" . - I I '
SAIL 1' Pc,-ri n 1()?- Budum e 'iuiiu J K
. " . . *, .... l rl F, i ,,.,,l * l- ,.. ,- I l,,' 1. *,. -n I -, ,. . I' . '.' l r',|,,",* ,,,, .I l " '|'
60' Pilnihnue KpIcih 71 Wnnd Classi 60K 36 Feeling 0. Ferfoamurie C arui 1 ?K
S1 ,1 *1 I I , . ... . . . .* , . : r . r , . i. Ir. - . I .i 1 *'. 4
i4' Ta ChiaoCr T54H2 trona ieMo.ht 24vi 32 Ben 9F ceanis 32? n116r eaT Puie -
!* ' . I1, - ' - 1 -P,1 - I. . . - -. Il- . . * . '. .- .. L .. ' .,
I1 BeneLwu F.U. Idylle l.j b6 14'K PoTWER
17-Benereau 473 rievel Cnhaiieed 199K 48Suns.erk.iManharTrar. .i tW iMn
4,' Bnetecu 461 97f19800 Startinqq 1 MR41 27 itiunas Taptin 270. '.t.(entic Cnn *.-1K
.. H. ,,, .. -M _ I" . _ "^ W , r > .h I.. I .. .

Compass Point Marina, 6300 Est. Frydenhoj, Suite 28,
St. Thomas, U.S.V.I. 00802

1 Tel: (340) 779-1660
Fax: (340) 779-4803
yachts@ islands.vi

42' 1971 Grand Banks 3
C.G. Documented r
for 42 passengers E
36' 1980 Albin Stratus, daysail business separate
38' 1967 Le Comte, Northeast 38, classic, excellent cond.
44' 1988 Morgan Catalina, excellent cond.
50' 1978 Nautor M Sailer, refit, excellent cruiser

37' 1986 CML Trawler, Great liveaboard, needs engs.
28' 1990 Cape Dory, Flybridge MY
42' 1971 Grand Banks, Wooden classic, CG cert.
48' 2004 Dyna Craft MY, 450 Cats, 3 strms

Call, fax or visit our website for a complete list of boats for sale

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halI~jSt'ut"f~H rs x.*o^rp~r^et





2000 ,0 -

Cirt ea Com as Iare I IIe

S Antigua


TEL: (784) 458-3420 / (784) 485-6255
FAX: (784) 458-3797
E-mail: lulley@vincysurf.com



St. Vince'nt & the Grenadines for

Primer, Epoxy, Top Coat,
Antifouling, Thinners o
Tel: 784 458 3319 * Fax: 784 458 3000
Email: bequiaventure@vincysurf.com

& Shoreline Mini-Market
We serve breakfast,
lunch and dinner

Phone (784) 458-3458
A friendly atmn�phere where you can sit and meet people.
Admiralty Bay, Bequia
Noelina & Lennox Taylor welcome you!

EMAIL: I .c ,I, 1i. [ @hotmail.com
PHONE: 1 (784) 532 8006
Quality Services & the Best Prices
in the Caribbean

Providing all vital services to
Trans-Atlantic Yachts!
Incl. Chandlery, Charts, Pilots, Rigging
EU-VAT (16%) importation
Duty free fuel (+10.0001t)
TEL +351 292 391616 FAX +351 292 391656

TechNick Ltd.
Engineering, fabrication and
welding. Fabrication and repair of
stainless steel and aluminium items.
Nick Williams, Manager
Tel: (473) 536-1560/435-7887
S.I.M.S. Boatyard, True Blue, Grenada


Installation / Repair
Zac artimer - Le Marin, Martinique FWl
Tel: + (596) 596 650 524 Fax: + (596) 596 650 053

continued on next page -

continued on next page



Land and houses for sale
For full details see our website:
or contact Carolyn Alexander at
Carriacou Real Estate Ltd
e-mail: Islander@spicelsle.com
Tel: (473) 443 8187 Fax: (473) 443 8290

We also handle Villa Rentals &
Property Management on Carriacou



Check out our website or contact us directly
for a competitive quote on rugged and
well-built sails that are well suited to the
harsh environment of the charter trade
and blue water cruising.
Jeff Fisher - Grenada (473) 537-6355



I Ciibba Cops Mare Ple



' St. Vincent

Sea SeMces

Contott us a~t
secaservices972 (qiorange.fr
we're glad to help

1()9 riue E~est DEPR06F
on the sea front

TV +596 596 70 26 69 - FO +596 596 7160 53

jj ~ rxJNG6O FLAGS?


Shipchandker. Arlimer t
Le Marin. Marlinique.


Voiles Assistance
Didier and Maria
Sails & Canvas (repairs & fabrication]
located at Carenantilles dockyard
Open Monday to Friday 8-1 2am 2-6pm
Saturday bl appointment
tel/fax: (596] 596 74 88 32
e-mail: didier-et-maria@wanadoo.ff

St. Lucia

1R NTEY Sail repairs, biminis,
L ( awnings, new sails,
SY rigging, splicing,
cockpit cushions,
S L S servicing of winches.
Agents for Doyle,
Furlex & Profurl
St. Lucia Tel: (758) 452-8648 or
St. Lucia (758)584-0291

St. Maarten

* CIRExpress
St. Maarten/ St. Martin, collect
and deliver door to door
Packages Pick - up call:
Tel/Fax: + (599) 544-3276
Tel/Fax: + 1(305) 515-8388

P.O. Box 851, St. Vincent & the Grenadines
Tel: (784) 458-7270 Fax: (784) 457-9917
E-mail: wallanch@vincysurf.com
VHF Ch 16 & 68 (range limited by the hills)

Tel: 456 2987
([I 1 iL I 1101 1 Specialising in chilled,
S I ( frozen & canned foods
Great selection of Cold Meats, SalamiTurkey, Prosciutto,
Cheese, Cream, Juices etc.
Seafood, Shrimp, Prawns, smoked & fresh Salmon, Fish, Lamb,
Steaks, Baguettes baked freshly every day.
Enjoy our popular Baguette Sandwiches made to order on
or off the premises or takeaway.Try our Smoothies!
Provisioning forYacht Charters, large or small orders
for Restaurants, Hotels,Villas or simply to enjoy at home.
Call us on VHF for our delivery service to your yacht
We are situated in Calliaqua, St. Vincent 456 2987
Experience our friendly service as always!

l Trinidad


* High l)ufpail Ajlerrnfato A Rerullalo
----- Chatr~ & I trletr ChatUe
-------- Solr I& Wind Sptn
* Batterhi - Dtpcyde & Cranking

I * Stm-to Oc kifl
B 8oaters shop


continued on next page -

Tir Hr-tl

aiibba Cops Mare Plel


* Mariane Die l It engine




Marine Distributors

Aid Raoi Leoni, Playa Cmn~owde, Sede AMvente
Poftamr - Is Manglot
P 58296 2642837
F 58 295 264n9~3


a rrow

... tainless Steel Beat Fillings
--Epoxy Resins
...Polyester Resins

ffksi i I iii XL 1)-,iI

Scl MA *k i- ~,r 42


HRltrF�� n PE

to tell our advertisers you
saw their ad in Compass!

Delivers a Gripping Performance

Chara'~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~h r^.sn rnu f^d n^o e a"atf^rgSf*s-1 ^*mrW>. is ^ *.^^'
lli.^ t.l FF7i? 5'oS VH1~i. W QwUt~
t Fit cit^ FitF rit.i" oFF1 F. Fr FriF~iF 1 'Enlavour Catanbaran Corporation
F FiF A FiFF!. We guaranteed it!

It Works Better. We Guarantee it!

F~>~hink t F F~ ,ity anq 4oolng palinks i-i t' HI Fl FA,
F~lt tl FFIlz'i~~llt iVAFF',FHin A V t 1 . lit

lam a skid" -o -ft tlmo"U7?
NO n MT U IAL. 00
77?2LB linlffiuiliml - fi a777102.17m
EMIR Umdpiawk~f




4. .~
I ~F





CRUISER 1988 Center cock-
pit, single owner, lovingly
maintained. Sailed through
out the Caribbean and now
located in Trinidad. Ready
for you to start cruising tomor-
row. USD 189,999 E-mail

BELIZE 43, 20 05,1750 Euros.
Lying Martnique Details www.
Tel (868) 739-6449

flDiL 13 cAiArIACarl iy I
I i r: ,,t _ ,d ) , I ,,
0447 See Virgin Islands
Craig's List or Caribbean
Craig's List

Cruising yach, center cock-
pit sloop. Read to cruise
with many extras. Lyin
Grenada. �30,000. E-ma"i

I 1I


50Oe.El i 8,01 EB~i 60 i C
Excellent Conditon
Tel (784) 457-4477 E-mail

Excellent condii, sill fishing
and cruising. Sleeps 6/8 com-
fortably, large fridge/freezer,
washing machine and dryer.
2 x G.M 6V92 550 HP each.
New 15 KVA generator.
II1 nt I -I Barbados.

I d,, " 1 .. I

1: _ d

to tell our advertisers you
saw their ad in Compass!

Epoxy/kelar, French architect
Lombard, ready for a word
tour, all toys, radars, solar pan-
els, tourng and wind generator,
hydraulic autopilot with gyro-
compass NKE. D15500 E-mcil:

. i.iorl- ;"rl .u: i i, rr + ,'1
S '. , I I , I
tre cockpit blue water cruis-
er, 75hp. Ford diesel new
2002, new main 2005,
',tl-lr- Windgen sleeps
, ,_ �,- c ,ricabins.US$87.00
1-1 J J . -mail

Suzuki 4-stroke OB s good
condiion.SaintMartin 37 900
E-mail juaniesxm gmail.comi
Tel: (590) 693-626258
K I -1

Fiberglass, aluminium M-op &
fiberglass roof, loa: 32 feet,
beam: 8 ft, draft. 2', 2 x 2000,
Yamaha 115 hp, Enduro 2
stokes gs. fuel capacity.
gps, vhf radio, electronic
switch panel, 15 life jackets,
fire extinguisher, West Marine
anchor, chain and rope, cap-
tains chair. EC$60,10
andre w@devotion2ocean co rn

yIDEA OT.ic 3a CraicE t
COCKPIT 1988Fullyequipped,
strong, fast cruiser, 6 berth,
large aft cabin, two heads,
Yanmar 44, a/c, genset, full
Raymarine kit, new outboard
and dinghy. $60,000 OBO
lying Trinidad E-mail mike.
davies 2010@hotmail.co.uk
Tel: (868) 726-7567

diesels, radar fishfinder, dual
gps, flyboridge. Set up for div-
ing and fishing. BDS$129f0.
E-mcil bob.kuster@yahoo.com

capacity of 1000 Kg/220D 100m2, established since
lbsYear2 6,arm length425cm, 2002 located Carenantilles
double motor 24V 30W. Asking Dockyard, Le Marin,
$40k in Ft. Lauderdale, $80k new Martinique. New sewing
E-mail ken.hodgins@gmail.com machines (less than 4 years)
Tel: (340) 244-8170 Price 120 000 Euros Tel: (596)
596 74 88 32 E-mail didier-et-
4 BURNER FORCE 10 propane maria@wandoo.fr
range, Defender 401798, brand
new never installed. Item is locat- YACHT RIGGING COMPANY
ed in St. George's, Grenada. Established in 2000 this yacht
Asking US$1 800. Tel: Scott rigging company in the busy
Griffith, Island Windjammers, boating centre of
, - -- - mail: Chaguaramas, Trinidad isfully
, - i. I i h ,_ , I "i equipped to provide a pro-

Tohdsu 30HP long shalt bet offer
Sdl boat props 3 bdade 13" to 22"
from US2)0, Winches, Barlow,
Barient, Lewmar from US 250,
Yanmar 3HM35F complete in
worldng condition best offer
Westerbeke 12,5KW-needsrepdr
- best offer, Aries rcumnavigator
Wind Vane best offer E-mail
,:l r ,1 -i i ,:r1 1 , :. r ,'

DEALS at http://doylecarib-

fessional service to foreign
and local yachts. Current
manager/shareholder wishes
to retire and seeks new
incumbent. More info E-mail

multi-acre tracts. Great
views overlooking Southern
Grenadines and Tyrrel Bay.

Large 2 bedroom house and/
or 1 bed studio apartment

TRELLIS BAY , TORTOLA, viewcool breeze
ARAGORNS STUDIO is look- Interne cable TV. 2 weeks
ing for a live-aboard couple minimum, excellent lon
to help manage studio, term rates. Tel: (784) 495 11
We are looking for artistic e-mail: Iouisan 7vincysurf.com
minded, positive, mature
folk, with skills in marketing, RODNEY BAY, 2 BEDROOM APT
sales, inventory, language, Overlooking Rodney Bay
communications an main- Marina, St. Lucia. US$30.00 per
tenance. Tel: (284) 542- night, all amenities.
0586/495-1849 E-mail Te58 4572-014 /720-8432



Include name, address
and numbers in count.
Line drawings/photos
accompanying classified are US$10.
Pre-paid by the 15th of the month.
email: classifieds@caribbeancompass.com





Akwaba Martinique MP
Art & Design Antigua MP
B & C Fuel Dock Petite Martinique 26
Barefoot Yacht Charters St Vincent 24
Barrow Sails & Canvas Trinidad MP
Bequia Venture Bequia MP
Blanchards Customs Servces St Lucia 39
Blue Water Sailing US 35
Budget Manne Sint Maarten 2
Business Development Co Trinidad 5
BVI Yacht Sales Tortola 41
Capital Signal Trinidad 29
Carailbe Greement Martinique 7
Carailbe Greement Martinique MP
Carailbe Yachts Guadeloupe 38
Carib Power St Maarten 31
Caribbean Manne Assoc C/W 45
Caribbean Manne Electncal Trinidad MP
Caribbean Propellers Ltd Trinidad MP
Carnacou Regatta Carriacou 13
Chateau Mygo Restaurant St Lucia 36
CIRExpress St Maarten MP

Clippers Ship Martinique
Curagao Marine Curagao
Down Island Real Estate Carriacou
Doyle Offshore Sails Tortola
Doyle's Guides C/W
Echo Marine - Jotun Special Trinidad
Edward William Insurance International

Food Fair
Free Cruising Guides
Gittens Engines
Golden Taste
Gourmet Foods
Grenada Manne
Grenadines Sails
Integra Coatings
lolaire Enterprises
Island Dreams
Island Water World
Johnson Hardware
Jones Mantime
Kerry's Manne Services

St Lucia
Sint Maarten
St Lucia
St Croix

MP Kingfisher Manne Services Bequia
29 Lesson Plans Ahoy International
MP Lulley's Tackle Bequia
4 Marc One Manne Tnnidad
35 Marigot Beach Club St Lucia
8 Marina Zar-Par Dominican Rep
39 McIntyre Bros Ltd Grenada
MP Mid Atlantic Yacht Services Azores
37 Multilhull Company C/W
14 Nature Conservancy Global
MP Neil Pryde Sails Grenada
MP Ocean Watch Global
MP Off Shore Risk Management Tortola
8 Peake Yacht Services Tnnidad
27 Perkins Engines Tortola
9 Porthole Restaurant Bequia
7/39 Power Boats Tnnidad
MP Renaissance Manna Aruba
48 Rodney Bay Sails St Lucia
25 Sea Hawk Paints CW
31 Sea Services Martinique
MP SeaSense C/W

St Thomas Yacht Sales St Thomas
Sunbay Marina Puerto Rico
SVG Air St Vincent
Technick Grenada
Tikal Arts & Crafts Grenada
Transcarailbes St Martin
Turbulence Sails Grenada
Tyrrel Bay Yacht Haulout Carnacou
Venezuelean Manne Supply Venezuela
Villamar Gourmet Foods St Vincent
Virgin Gorda Yacht Harbour Virgin Gorda
Voiles Assistance Martinique
Wallilabou Anchorage St Vincent
West Indies Regatta St Barth
West Palm Hotel Tnnidad
Wild Life Expeditions Grenada
WIND Martinique
Xanadu Manne Venezuela
YES Martinique

MP = Market Place pages 42 to 45
CW = Canbbean-wide



1V LA CAIIO : : .
1989. Professionally built in
aluminum. Fully equipped
and ready to cruise, delivery
anywhere southern
Caribbean.US$108 OM E-mail:

";vnLACI W:i
Sportsfishing Boat, 2xMercury
300hp engines US$68,750
Tel: (758) 485-3966, E-mail:
Far more fo and piuresplease
check us out on Facebook,



I www.caribbeancompass.com

Marine Conservation I Education I Sustainable Livelihoods




1%I' S UNT "i'" " ' Igreat
1 rates
._.� ^i g^ '


Polyform has been producing lenders for
over 50 years and there is no comparison
when it comes to quality, range of sizes
and protection offered. Owners and
captains know that they can rely
on Polyform!
Priced from $11.20



Rule Submersible Bilge Pumps give you big value for
your dollar and have set the standard for the industry for
many years. Totally submersible; compact, efficient,
maintenance-free; silent, less vibration; ignition protected;
water cooled motor and anti-airlock.
From $30.90

No matter what the application, no
matter what the power demand, Deka
has the correct marine battery for the i
rigorous demands typical of marine
service. For pounding vibration due
to heavy seas, long cranking due
to stubborn engine starting, heavy
house power and auxiliary loads.
Priced from $95.70


Store prices good while stocks last and for the month of July only.
Prices In Curacao may be 10% higher.


Full Class D DSC radio (meets 2011 requirements) includes features
like individual and group call, all-ships-call and position request.
It has a shallow case depth for versatile installation, dual- and
triple-watch and an intuitive menu system to
make settings changes even easier. You can
even assign names to all marine channels for -2--- N
quicker reference. Rated IPX7 submersible. C - al k
Priced at 3144.00 ' yu
An industry first, View Guard is a wet weather
visibility enhancer formulated for use on clear
plastic enclosures. Removes dirt and grit and repels
moisture and salt spray for maximum visibility.
Tower Guard, is unique spray-on product used on
against salt water and corrosion, polymers deliver a
durable shine to stainless steel and all other metal
hardware or listings.
Boat Guard Speed Detailer with PTEF polymers
provides UV protection, adds shine and enhances
color on fiberglass, vinyl, painted surfaces, polished
metal, rubrails and more.

Priced from $16.25 per 22 Oz bottle

Complete prewired grey waste system that handles waste
from multiple drains using the high capacity Gulper pump. Fast
drainage up to 19 Itrs per min. Soft start and stop protects the
pump for long life. Automatically manages waste from multiple
drains. Fit and forget - maintenance free. Available
in 12V and 24V.
Priced at S432.95

Water Woradl
& keepm you sailigE

St. Maarten, Cole Bay: + 599.544.5310 * Bobby's Marina: + 599.543.7119
St. Lucia: + 758.452.1222 * Grenada: + 473.435.2150 * Curacao: + 599.9.461.2144