Title: Caribbean Compass
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095627/00046
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean Compass the Caribbean's monthly look at sea & shore
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 35 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Compass Pub.
Place of Publication: Bequia St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Bequia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Publication Date: December 2010
Frequency: monthly
Subject: Boats and boating -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Yachting -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095627
Volume ID: VID00046
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 54085008
issn - 1605-1998

Full Text



Seasoned Cruisers
their Favorite De:

up M--.
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*IJI f all u at I B M-i

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The Carib bean11 's^li^ Lead 11 Bing T Chnlryl^BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB''' TT wwrugtmarine~lT^TcomBB


The Caribbean's Monthly Look at Sea & Shore



On Course
Island made self steering...... 32

Harbor History
U boats in the Caribbean...... 36

That's Just Swell
A December phenomenon....... 7

Hooray, Flying Ray!
Post storm service provided.. 11

So Heavenly...
Cruising lies des Saintes ...... 26


Info & Updates.................... 4
Business Briefs................... 8
Caribbean Eco-News........... 12
Doyle's Deck View............ 14
Regatta News.................... 17
Meridian Passage................ 29
Fun Pages........................34, 35
Dolly's Deep Secrets............ 36

h I I I I I I ,
Tel: (784) 4573409, Fax: (784) 457 3410
Editor........................................... Sally Erdle
Assistant Editor .............Elaine Ollivierre
Advertising & Distribution........Tom Hopman
Art, Design & Production......Wilfred Dederer
Accounting ................ ....... ..... Debra Davis
Compass Agents by Island:
i.... I i i i. ,. '. Tulloch

I. .I ,, ...

The Caribbean Sky............... 38
Cooking with Cruisers.......... 39
Readers' Forum................... 43
What's on My Mind............... 48
Calendar of Events............... 49
Caribbean Market Place.....50
Classified Ads .................. 54
Advertisers' Index.............. 54

Grenada/Carriacou/Petite Martinique:

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I I ISSN 1605- 1998
Billy Black's cover photo says it alt a calm anchorage, islands, palm trees and a walk on the beach at sunset.
Elaine Lembo strolls the Tobago Cays shore as charter cat Matau (www.charterworld.com) awaits
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Click Google Map link below to find the Caribbean Compass near you!
http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?t=h&hlen&ieUTF8&msa--&msid=11277661243999037380.000470658db371bf3282d&11=14.54105 65.830078&spn=10.196461,14.0625&z=6&sourceembed

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New Immigration Fee in Margarita
A new Immigration fee of 360BsF (currently approximately US$80 at the official
exchange rate) has been implemented in Porlamar, Isla Margarita, a port of entry
for Venezuela.
For current Venezuelan international and national clear-in and clear-out charges,
plus more information on Isla Margarita, visit www. wifiguy co. cc/info.html.
Yacht Sector Mainly Spared by Last Hurricane of 2010
In a burst of late hurricane season activity, Invest91, an area of disturbed weather
which developed to the southeast of the Eastern Caribbean during the last week of


I- .

October, was designated Tropical Storm Tomas on October 29th. Although seven of
the last ten years have had named storms in November, it is unusual for late-season
storms to develop so far south.
After taking a sharp northward tack during the night, Tomas tracked just south of
Barbados during the early morning hours of October 30th as an intense Tropical
Storm with gusts to hurricane force. Fortunately for yachts anchored or moored in
Carlisle Bay, the island's main anchorage, the strongest winds were from the east.
Nevertheless, a local day charter catamaran was destroyed on the rocks at the
entrance to the Careenage, a Fountaine Pajot cat on a mooring in Carlisle Bay cap-
sized, and a handful of smaller vessels either sank at their moorings or went ashore.
Later that morning, the system became a Category 1 hurricane and moved
through the channel between the Windward Islands of St. Vincent and St. Lucia at
approximately 4:00PM. The southern part of Saint Lucia, including severely hit
Soufriere and Vieux Fort, was within the strongest, northern eyewall of Tomas, while
the northern part of St. Vincent received the southern and leading/trailing eyewalls.
(See the following news item regarding the effect of Hurricane Tomas on the north-
ern part of St. Lucia.) The southern and western parts of St. Vincent, where a number
of yacht charter bases and anchorages are located, avoided hurricane force winds
owing to the protective effect of the interior mountains. The leeward coast of St.
Vincent, however, received rare onshore westerly winds as the storm passed to the
north, causing at least one charter catamaran anchored at Cumberland Bay to
end up on the beach.
The Grenadines received Tropical Storm force winds, high in the north and minimal
towards the south of the chain. There were anxious moments in Bequia's popular
anchorage of Admiralty Bay, but only one boat went ashore.
Tomas then proceeded into the Caribbean Sea, causing flooding in Curacao, then
took a sharp right-hand turn, and grazed the western tip of Haiti, the southeastern
Bahamas and the Turks & Caicos Islands before fizzling out in the Atlantic.
In becoming the 19th named storm of the season, Tomas made 2010 the third busi-
est year on record, tied with 1887 and 1995. The only years that were more active
were 1933, with 21 storms, and 2005, with 28 storms.
Saint Lucia Says, "Welcome Atlantic Rally for Cruisers!'
Saint Lucia's Director of Yachting, Cuthbert Didier, is pleased to report that the
island's yachting facilities remain strong following the passage of Hurricane Tomas in
October, and ready to welcome the 233 yachts from 26 nations participating in the
25th Atlantic Rally for Cruisers (ARC). "Our yachting berths both in Rodney Bay and
Marigot Bay are not only state-of-the-art, they are resilient, and yachtsmen and
women can rest assured that the solid infrastructure and legendary hospitality for
which Saint Lucia is known await them," he says.
Organized by the World Cruising Club, the annual ARC is the largest trans-ocean
sailing event in the world and regularly attracts more than 200 boats of many differ-
ent types and lengths. The journey takes between two to three weeks and covers
more than 2,700 nautical miles. The fleet departed from the Canary Islands on
November 21st and the fastest boats are expected to arrive in Rodney Bay during
the first week in December. A full schedule of activities welcomes the sailors in St.
Lucia and extends into the Christmas holidays. St. Lucia marked the ARC's start on
November 21st with a simultaneous flotilla sail of 50 boats of all shapes and sizes
from the capital, Castries, to Rodney Bay.
-Continued on next page

Lagoon 55

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Doyle Sailmakers
6 Crossroads
St. Philip
Tel: (246) 423 4600

British Virgin Islands
Doyle Sailmakers
Road Reef Marina
Tel: (284) 494 2569

-;,, Z A 4.? .... ...

Antigua & Barbuda Colombia Curacao Dominica
Star Marine Rosales Marina Kapiteinsweg #4 Dominica Marine Center
Jolly Harbour Cartegena Netherland Antilles Roseau
Puerto Rico St. Croix, USVZ Grenada
Atlantic Sails and Canvas Wilsons' Cruzan Canvas Turbulence Ltd.
Fajardo Christiansted Spice Island Boat Works
St. Lucia St. Vincent Trinidad & Tobago
The Sail Loft, St. Lucia Barefoot Yacht Charters Soca Sails, Ltd.
Rodney Bay Blue Lagoon Chaguaramas

L: : :,i : : i : -, :,-,:,n-, ,:i :if the island, Rodney Bay Marina sustained no damage
thanks to the mountains and hills that surround its lagoon location. Several boats
from the outer bay came into the marina for shelter, and it was almost at full occu-
pancy for the duration of the hurricane. The marina experienced 45-mile-per-hour
winds, and no damage was sustained to any boats because of the storm.

I &

St. Lucia bound! The start in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria oj the 2,700-mile transatlan
tic ARC 2010. This year marks the 25th running of the world's most popular pas
sage-making event
Eight miles down St. Lucia's west coast, "Marigot Bay's reputation as the Eastern
Caribbean's best natural hurricane hole was strengthened by its resilience to
Hurricane Tomas," reported Bob Hathaway, manager of The Marina at Marigot Bay.
"The marina was packed with yachts seeking shelter and no damage was sustained
despite gusts of up to 92 miles per hour during the passage of the eye of the storm,"
asserted Hathaway.
Decade Sentence for Grenada Yacht Crime
Nelon Noel, a 22-year-old unemployed man of Belmont, St. George's, Grenada,
pleaded guilty to robbery with violence on October 5th. Noel was one of two men
who robbed the Norwegian catamaran S/Y Mary Jean in April 2009, while the yacht
was anchored near the mangroves in Mt. Hartman Bay. Cruiser Nils Tarberg was
ashore when the men boarded the boat, tied up Nils' wife, Alvhild Skorpen, and

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stole a number of valuable articles. Noel was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment
by Justice Lyle St. Paul, having acknowledged that he had five previous convictions,
all for stealing.
Eight Bells
NORMA PETERS. Nearly everyone who visited Bequia by yacht during the 1980s
and '90s will remember Norma Peters, who worked at the famous Frangipani Hotel
from 1974 to 2003 and ran the Frangipani Yacht Services. In the days before internet
and cell phones, "the Frangi" provided indispensable mail, fax, VHF radio and tele-
phone service for both charter and private yachts, and Norma always provided a
sympathetic ear and a joke when communications became a challenge. Norma
was a friend to countless sailors visiting Admiralty Bay over the years. She was born
on July 23rd, 1938, and died on October 22nd, 2010, leaving four sons, one daugh-
ter, nine grandchildren
and many friends.
Rodney Nicholson and
his family arrived in
English Harbour, Antigua
in 1949 aboard the r r
schooner Mollyhawk,
and helped create the
yacht charter industry in
the Caribbean. He was
the founder of the
Nicholson Charter Yacht
Show, now the Antigua n ,
Charter Yacht Meeting, a
which is having its 50th
event next year. Rodney
was born on December
19th, 1927 and died on
November 7th, 2010. A
tribute to his memory will
be held on December 8th from 2:30 to 3:30P at the Admiral's Inn, Nelson's
Dockyard, English Harbour, Antigua.
New Work at Grenada's Underwater Art Park
October saw the unveiling of the latest installation at Grenada s Underwater
Sculpture Park. The Park showcases Grenada s history, folklore and culture through
sculpture in a unique underwater setting. Since its founding in 2006 by sculptor Jason
deCaires Taylor, the park has captivated the imaginations of visitors from around the
world and has become one of the 'must see attractions on the island. Coral and
other marine life growing on the sculptures make them ever-evolving works of art.
The new installation, 14 sculptures in all is based on Amerindian art, culture and spiritual
worship and is the work of local craftsman Troy Lewis. Howard Clarke, owner of Grenada
Seafaris Powerboat Eco-Tours and the sponsor of Troy s work, explains that the sculptures
are influenced by the petroglyphs (stone carvings) made by the early Amerindian tribes,
some of which may still be seen in the Duquesne and Pearls regions of Grenada.
Continued on next page


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Howard Clarke and Troy Lewis display a sculpture inspired by indigenous
Amerindian art. Once placed underwater, the artwork will attract corals and other
sea life, and grow'

C. :, I : i :1 :,-:i, I : i: : ,i : :1 concrete, one of the largest new pieces
takes the form of a Zemi (a stone-carved idol believed to have supernatural power)
and measures some three feet in height. It is thought the Amerindians created these
stone carvings to represent their belief in many gods controlling the sun and moon
as well as plant and animal life.
Meanwhile, Jason deCaires Taylor has expanded the underwater sculpture park
concept to Mexico, where the world's largest underwater collection of contempo-
rary sculpture in history, The Silent Evolution', consists of 400 permanent life-size
sculptures of humans forming a monumental artificial reef in the National Marine
Park of CancOn.



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range when you bring in your old engine!
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Cruisers' Site-ings
* A WORLDWIDE MARINA GUIDE, based on users' evaluations, is offered by Sail The
World, a European offshore sailors' association with more than 9,700 members.
Available in English, French and Spanish, and soon in German and Italian, this ser-
vice already lists more than a thousand marinas, including many in the Caribbean,
ranked according to price, safety and hospitality. Sailors can also add a comment
or practical information to their evaluations.
Visit www.stw.fr/marinastw uk/affichage_marina_pays.cfm.
* FREE TRINIDAD GUIDE ON-LINE. The first edition of the Cruising Guide to Trinidad
has been published and is available free at www.trinidadcruisingguide.com. The
hundred-plus-page guide covers a wide range of topics associated with Trinidad as
a cruising destination. It puts special emphasis on storage for hurricane season and
the availability of yards and contract services for cruising boats in Chaguaramas.
Topics also include inland exploration as well as navigational approaches to
Trinidad. The guide joins the free cruising guides offered by the author, Frank
Virgintino, for the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica, available at their respec-
tive individual sites accessed by putting "cruisingguide.com" after the country
name. The guides are also available free in e-book form from eBook by Apple and
and from Amazon as a Kindle book for a nominal charge. See ad on page 29.
* CREW SCAM CHECK! Legitimate yacht crew job offers generally won't ask you to
pay money up front for any reason (e.g. legal fees, visa fees, travel costs, etcetera)
and serious captains/agencies don't hire people by e-mail without interviewing
them in person. If you are looking for a crewing job, don't answer any e-mails offer-
ing a position before you do some research at
Act Fast: Boating Writers' Contest
The US-based association Boating Writers International is seeking more international
entries in its annual writing contest and is trying to grow its member base outside the
US and Canada. "We have had regular participation by journalists beyond North
America, but wanted to remind overseas writers of the opportunity to gain some
recognition and cash awards," says BWI President Zuzana Prochazka.
The 18th Annual BWI Writing Contest has 17 categories ranging from travel by boat
to maintenance, with US$1,000 in prize money for each category. The entry dead-
line is December 15th, 2010. For more information visit www.bwi.org.
Flea Market in Antigua
Every Saturday from 9:00AM to midday there is now a market for clothing, crafts, food,
furniture, gifts and more at The Anchorage just outside Nelson's Dockyard, English
Harbour, Antigua. Don't miss the special Christmas Market on December 18th!
Welcome Aboard!
In this issue of Caribbean Compass we welcome new advertisers Al Island Marine
Supplies of St. Lucia, page 38; Blanchard's Customs Services of St. Lucia, page 39;
Mount Gay Rum of Barbados, page 16; and Caribbean-wide SeaHawk Paints, page
17; plus Caribe Composite of St. Maarten, Golden Taste of St. Lucia, Jolly Harbour
Marina of Antigua, On Deck of Antigua, Palm Haven Hotel of St. Lucia, Ryte Welding
of St. Lucia, and Caribbean-wide Spotless Stainless, all in the Market Place section,
pages 50 through 53. Good to have you with us!


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by J. Wynne


The usually placid sea at Store Bay, Tobago, is at its
worst come December, and last year was no exception.
The ground swells just kept rolling in, forcing the beach
to be locked down for the entire last week of 2009.
Nearby Sandy Point was not as rough. These photos,
taken over a period of four days, capture both the fury
and the beauty of nature during this time. If you look
beyond the swells, you will see how calm the water
remained in the open bay. However, the waves with their
frothy blast, some churning the sand at waters edge,
others mounting the rocky shoreline, tell another story...
one of disappointment for picnickers, sea and sunbath

ers. Yachts anchored off in deeper water were okay.
As Eli Fuller explains on his Adventure Antigua blog,
ground swells in the Caribbean are generally generated
by storms far away. We can have no wind and beauti
fully sunny skies, yet with huge waves pounding the
shores. This is especially the case in the winter, when
huge cold fronts push off the East Coast of North
America. Whenever we see super-cold, nasty condi
tions on the East Coast we can usually expect ground
swells hitting the Caribbean a few days later. Eli rec
ommends checking www.windguru.cz/int/ for wind
and wave predictions.

rN -H


' HeiiL^^^^H ^_


A Family of Generators with
Relatives throughout the Caribbean

S* II -A-


p 1



Above: At Crown Point, Store Bay,
in late December 2009
Left: The swell was kicking up, but the anchorage
remained tenable
Below: Crown Point back to normal,
New Year's Day 2010




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Chaguaramas Personnel Highlight Customer Service
Ruth Lund reports: On September 21st and 28th two Customer Awareness Sessions
were presented by the Chaguaramas Business Community in Trinidad. With the use
of an excellent video, a Power Point presentation and role-playing, 47 participants
from 14 Chaguaramas companies took a fresh look at the importance of good cus-

I r. id,, Ap A I

tomer service and how to achieve it. Attendees included staff members from tech-
nical and manufacturing services and retail stores, and there was a large contin-
gent from the hospitality sector. The sessions were very interactive, with participants
speaking up about customer service issues and challenges that affected them.
Feedback was extremely positive.
New Tobago Agent for Budget Marine Trinidad
Daniella Rodriguez Jacelon of Tobago Marine Supplies is now the Tobago Agent
for Budget Marine Trinidad. Daniella is no stranger to the T&T boating scene and has
been involved in the marketing and organization of a number of fishing tourna-
ments and sailing regattas in
Tobago. The fast ferry and
regular flights between the
islands facilitate easy transfer
of goods between Trinidad
and Tobago. While a number
of Tobagonians make regular
personal visits to the Trinidad
store in Chaguaramas,
Budget Marine's new
Tobago Agent will actively
seek out potential customers
and make the ordering and
receiving of products in the
sister isle a smooth and pain- -
less experience.
Daniella can be contacted at (868) 367-1242 Tobagomarine@yahoo. com.
For more information on Budget Marine see ad on page 2.
St. Lucia's Marigot Beach Club Welcomes You!
Marigot Beach Club, St. Lucia is home to Doolittle's Restaurant and
Sea Shell Restaurant.
The 1967 musical film "Doctor Doolittle", starring Rex Harrison, was filmed in
Marigot Bay, which was once described by James A. Michener as "The most beau-
tiful bay in the Caribbean". The eponymous Doolittle's Restaurant located here
seats 80 persons and has faithfully served yachtsmen and women for 30 years with
arguably the best fusion of French/Caribbean international cuisines in the region.
Only fresh produce and herbs are used daily and have been hand selected by
Executive Chef Wayne Williams. Doolittle's serves breakfast, lunch and dinner with
nightly specials to complement an extensive a la carte menu, with an exception
on Saturday' barbecue night.
Happy hours from 5:00 to 7:00PM are generous with two for the price of one on
beers, house wines and house spirits including the cocktail of the night. Enjoy live
entertainment (including crab racing) on a regular basis in the winter season,
Doolittle's Restaurant gets lively and fun after dinner with dancing to sweet
Caribbean music. There are three full-size pool tables and a football table to further
your enjoyment.
Just opening is the new Sea Shell Restaurant. Seating 40 persons, as the name
Spletely seafood restaurant in
St. Lucia.
Entering Marigot Bay, look to
your port side and see Marigot
Beach Club. You may anchor
free in the outer bay or pick up
moorings in the inner bay.
Marigot Beach Club's free ferry
(Liquid Sunshine) or their dinghy
will pick you up -just call on
VHF channel 16. Come enjoy the
beach, freshwater swimming
pool, beach chairs, water sports,
David Shimeld looks forward to greeting you at business centre and free WiFi at
Marigot Beach Club, St. Lucia Doolittle s proprietor David
Shimeld will be there to wel-
come you. If you need a night ashore or when landlubbers are visiting, delightful
shoreside accommodations are also available.
For more information see ad on page 39.
Turtle T-Shirts at Art Fabrik, Grenada
In the boutique of Art Fabrik on Young Street in St. George's, Grenada you can find
locally printed Turtle T-Shirts. The turtle was chosen as a symbol of the importance of
protecting fragile marine life. The designs are by Lilo Nido of Art Fabrik and by
Sandra Preisig of Fidel Productions in Carriacou. Both artists are sailors that landed
here and stayed.
-ontinued on next page

i: :1 : I : I-' : I r -, r :- painted
batik artwork "The Green Sea Turtle". Its
message printed below is: "Protect the -
planet, it's our home". The T-shirts are
100-percent cotton. Sizes run from children's
small through adults' XL. "
The T-shirts from Fidel Productions have dif-
ferent designs: turtles, dolphins, whales and
whimsical local scenes, also on 100-percent
cotton T-shirts for women, men and children.
You can also "upcycle" your old keys at Cle.n lda WOsP Id.e%
Art Fabrik! Do you have a box in a drawer
or a ziplock bag in the bilge, overflowing
with keys that don t fit any of your locks?
Those keys that each tell a long story of their
life, and they will find a new home and feel
important again. Art Fabrik will use them in
their art pieces and functional artwear
made in Grenada. Drop off your keys in
their arty, unique boutique.
Art Fabrik has also produced a video for SI. i
the worldwide campaign for climate
change solutions; go to 350.org or www.
youtube.com/arffabrikl to see it. It was a fun and exciting event that put an inter-
national spotlight on Grenada.
Art Fabrik says, "Merry Christmas to our loyal customers and our Compass friends!"
For more information see ad in Market Place section, pages 50 through 53.
New PR Head at St. Lucia's Marigot Bay Marina
From November 12th Ursia Girard took up the responsibility for Marketing & Public
Relations for The Marina at Marigot Bay, St. Lucia, from outgoing Marketing & PR
head, Hannah Forde. We wish them both all the best in their new endeavors.
Ursia can be reached at Ursia@marigotbay com.
Yachtmaster Summer School in Grenada
Royal Yachting Association (RYA) qualifications, in particular the RYA Yachtmaster
Offshore and Yachtmaster Ocean Certificates of Competence, are recognized
around the world. Grenada Bluewater Sailing recently held its third combined Coastal
Skipper and Yachtmaster course. Alex Johnstone, the principal, started off with the
ten-day Theory Course, added on the First Aid and SRC VHF day courses, and then
held a four-day Yachtmaster preparation. Philip Martinson flew in as the external
Yachtmaster examiner, and after two days of examination all students passed.
The students from St Vincent were Greg Allan and Seymour Browne, who received
funding from the Centre for Enterprise Development-Business Gateway, and from
TMM yacht charters. Shawn Ford from Grenada, who passed his Day Skipper exam,
was sponsored by his employers Omniun Ltd. Roman Szyjan from Turbulence sail loft,
Grenada, passed his Yachtmaster exam.
For more information contact Fran@bluewater-sailing.net
The Fig Tree Restaurant Opens in Bequia
Located next to Mac's Pizzeria on the Belmont Walkway on the south shore of
Admiralty Bay, The Fig Tree is now open for breakfast, lunch and dinner. If you loved
Cheryl Johnson's Sweety Bird Cafe behind the Bequia Bookshop, you'll love her sea-
side Fig Tree!
For more information phone (784) 457-3008.
Get Fat!
Captain Fatty Goodlander announces that both the print and Kindle editions of his
new book, Red Sea Run: Two Sailors in a Sea of Trouble, have been released and
are currently available on Amazon.com. With one-day shipping, you can have the
book in your hands within 48 hours. Of course, if you're a Kindle owner, it will take
less than 60 seconds.
If you can't easily buy a print copy and don't have a Kindle either, you can down-
load a free Kindle READER (piece of software) to your Windows PC, and (once
you've signed up with Amazon) buy the book through that interface.
For more information visit http://fattygoodlander com.
Antigua Ready for Bumper Charter Show
With 125 yachts registered by early November, dedicated berths in Falmouth and
English Harbour marinas are already fully booked by yachts attending the 49th
Antigua Charter Yacht Show to be held between December 6th and 11 h. With
such a formidable entry list of world class-charter yachts already registered, profes-
sional charter brokers from yacht charter houses worldwide and some of the biggest
names in yachting journalism will be jetting in.

The 'behind the scenes' team includes Ann Marie Martin, Janetta Miller, Paul Deeth,
Afsaneh Franklin, Sarah Sebastian and Festus Isaac (not shown)
The spectacular Maltese Falcon, at 289 feet, is the largest entry to date and is
joined by a further six yachts exceeding 200 feet in length. With an almost equal
proportion of both motor and sailing yachts varying in size from 42 to almost 300
feet, the agents and brokers will need every minute of the six-day show to view and
assess each entry in detail. To maintain the highest of professional standards and
security and to enable the entrants to best showcase their yachts, this is an invita-
tion-only event.
By showcasing such a world-class event at the start of the new season, the organiz-
ers encourage many yachts to choose to make Antigua their homeport throughout
the rest of the season and enjoy events such as the Superyacht Cup, the Antigua
Classic Yacht Regatta and Antigua Sailing Week.
For more information visit www antiguayachtshow com.

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St. Lucia: Riding the Waves

After Humtcane Temsas l

it was in Castries to pick up tourists who were departing St. Lucia through Hewanorra
International Airport, which had been closed in the days after Tomas.
Matthew Render, -;-r;l 1n-.-.r of Duty Free Shoppers, a retail company here,
conducts business I ', ,, i- I the island and makes the Castries-Vieux Fort
drive as often as daily. He commended the company for coming to the assistance of
S .. i.. .. i.. .... iwho would have otherwise been stranded on the opposite
,, I iil,. I.,, i
"I think what they are doing is very noble. A lot of the businesses in the country
are continuing to conduct business as normal, but St. Lucian Wave Riders is putting
their own business on hold to provide this needed service.
St. Lucian Wave Riders also transported doctors with medical supplies and accom-
modated persons doing humanitarian work in the community of Soufriere since
Tomas struck. The management took a hands-on approach to this responsive and
almost impromptu schedule in the passing of Tomas, being on hand to receive the
boat at the docks to ensure its efficiency. Surely this response to the natural disas
ter played a major part in the restoration process as St. Lucia continues to get back
on her feet.
After Hurricane Tomas, other boat and airplane companies provided similar
transportation services but St. Lucia Wave Riders were highlighted for their combi
nation of affordability, efficiency and responding expeditiously during St. Lucia's
recovery period. SP

In the aftermath of Hurricane Tomas, as concerned St. Lucia residents remained
glued to their transistor radios to keep informed of the latest developments, one
memorable announcement that was broadcast was that a local i, -
would become a transportation option for a fraction of the usual ,, I
Whether the destruction was witnessed firsthand or footage and photos were seen,
the damage left as a result of the hurricane was unanimously described as "the worst
in St. Lucia's history". Hurricane Tomas, on Saturday October 30th through Sunday
October 31st, cut a path of destruction across St. Lucia, resulting in the disruption
of the road network. The impassible roadways left communities across St. Lucia cut
off from the rest of the island. Two of the major ones that were inaccessible were the
southern towns of scenic, touristy Soufriere (home of the Pitons and the world's only
drive-in volcano) and industrial Vieux Fort, (where Hewanorra International Airport
is located) as 1. .... .. the communities hardest hit by the natural disaster.
Getting from 1. .. .. i II. island to the south was virtually impossible by land;
the only feasible way was by sea!
That was when St. Lucian Wave Ride .1'... operationn here, sailed in, provide
ing an alternative option of accessing .. ... I Vieux Fort. So what convinced
the management to get the company involved in the recovery process? The decision
was made when the management of St. Lucian Wave Riders heard concerned callers
on local radio stations enquiring about friends and family who could not be reached
via the telephone.
"We put our focus in getting people to see their families in the areas of Soufriere and
Vieux Fort to see what help 1. ... .. I ,, 1, Our objective was not one of mak
ing money on this at all, bL I I i. ...- 1 , .i, ,, f people, trying to get to and from
the villages," Janice Suite, General Manager of St Lucian Wave Riders explained.
The boat, Flying Ray, which is the vessel that was providing the service, has a
capacity of up to 100 passengers, which is convenient for transporting a large group
on a single trip.
Prior to the hurrica.- tl- i i1 .; schedule for Flying Ray included a twice-a-week
Martinique Splendor '". II - '- *, which sails to Fort-de-France where patrons have
an opporturit-- t"- ni-- h-pping and beaches. There is also the ..'....... . St.
Lucia Tour I - --I i, i. goes around the island making a stc .1 .. .11 in
Canaries on the west coast, continuing down to the Pitons for lunch and then visiting
a bay in Vieux Fort where guests have a chance to swim and snorkel. Flying Ray then
travels up the east coast back to Rodney Bay. Both day-long tours (predominantly
patronized by tourists), set sail from the Rodney Bay Marina and include breakfast and
lunch on board the boat prepared by the St. Lucian Wave Riders crew.
However, on Tuesday, November 2nd, after the hurricane had passed, the regular
schedule was suspended to accommodate a new schedule for concerned persons
--hi;; t- r Soufriere and Vieux Fort. The Flying Ray departed from Port Castries at
i I 1. south, made a stop in Soufriere (EC$30) and then Vieux Fort (EC$35).
It then turned around, stopped in Soufriere and sailed back up north. By midmorning

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New Environmental Alliance Launched
Dawn Marie Roper of Panos Caribbean reports:
Karipanou (Our Caribbean) is the newest alliance
formed to support environmental sustainability in the
Caribbean. Karipanou was created to engage more

The Soufriere Scott's Head Marine Reserve in
Dominica was the setting for Karipanou's first activity

Caribbean people in the governance .ni i n-int
of the natural resources in the regio' I. ... .. .
derived from the Haitian Creole words "Karayib",
meaning "Caribbean", and "pa nou", meaning "ours".
The Karipanou alliance was launched in Montego Bay,
Jamaica on October 8th.
Three organizations comprise the new alliance: the
Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI) from
Trinidad & Tobago; Panos Caribbean, which is head
quartered in Haiti; and the Centre for Resource
'4 nr.-m-nt and Environmental Studies (CERMES)
.... I diversityy of the West Indies in Cave Hill,
Barbados. The three organizations found that they have
a shared vision and values about what they want to see
happen in Caribbean natural resource n-.ii--m-nit
Leonard Nurse, Senior Lecturer at i 11 ... i
author of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC) report on climate change, says that
Karipanou will document and share information on envi
ronmental concerns in the different Caribbean countries,

and replicate lessons learned. Karipanou's initial geo
graphic focus is the Caribbean islands, including the
independent and dependent English-, French-, Creole-,
Dutch and Spanish-speaking islands.
Nicole Leotaud, Executive Director of CANARI, noted
that that Karipanou is moving away from the limitations
of short-term project-driven interventions. It will facili
tate a more "programmatic" and long-term approach to
participatory natural resource governance in the
Caribbean. She said, "CANARI has particular strengths
i.. I .i.1 ..... i ... .,i ory processes that connect peo
II ... .1 i ...' across countries. We help them
to share ideas and listen to each other with respect, and

ummately Duila consensus on complex decisions aDout
how natural resources should be managed."
Karipanou focuses on the relationships between
natural resources, various stakeholders, poverty and
adaptation to climate change. The alliance has already
been working.
The first activity began in Dominica. Fisherfolk from
the Soufriere Scott's Head Marine Reserve he .
nized themselves to find a balance between . -1
ing and making li- ii; r'PMES is documenting the
lessons from th. i.-1. II efforts to manage their
marine resources. They have uncovered inconsistent
cies in the laws and procedures that govern marine
resources in Dominica. The fishermen also need sup
port to implement a new -i - .- -t ilani Karipanou
will be supporting the : ....... ... i. .... .. in their
efforts. Representatives of the Karipanou alliance
were in Dominica in July to validate the research find
ings from the Soufriere Scott's Head Marine Reserve.

Lionfish Spread to Venezuela
Fundaci6n La Tortuga reports: Lionfish (Pterois voli
tans) are venomous coral reef fish from the Indian and
western Pacific Oceans. Various hypotheses have been

put forward about their appearance in the Atlantic,
related to the escape of six specimens from an aquar
ium in Florida, and to the discharge of ships' ballast
waters which can transfer larvae of marine species
from one continent to the other.
Since 1992, this fish has been observed in diverse
coastal areas of Caribbean countries including Cuba,
Panama, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic,
Jamaica, Mexico, Haiti, Colombia, Aruba, Curacao,
and recently Venezuela. This has activated an alert, as
its venom is highly toxic to humans and it preys on
many other species of fish.
On September 19th, Venezuelan i-1 i.t -aptured
and identified the first specimen I .... I in the
waters of Mochima National Park, at six metres deep
on the patch reef of Morro Pelota island, in front of the
popular Puinare Beach. This represents the most east
ern extent in the southern Caribbean where this spe
cies has been observed.
According to data supplied by Ana Teresa Herrera
Reveles and Maria Fernanda Gonzalez from the Central
Venezuela University, and Jose Gregorio Nunez, Alan
,,.'- ,I .. ..II I '.' 1,, i. ... h ,',
was captured -lini;-. th- development of a scientific
project led by -- Baumar Marin and Maria
Josefina Hemandez. The -1 i i ... 1 .... .
w itl I i i .. i. of 7.5c... i i ,i i ,, I .
fin i I ...- I 2cm a i i 1 i I
been preserved in the Laboratory of Ichthyoplankton of
the Oceanographic Institute of Venezuela.

Turtles Tagged in Tobago Cays Marine Park
Research and tagging of the sea turtles of the Tobago
Cays Marine Park was carried out in October, with the
sea turtles being measured, weighed and tagged by the
park rangers who are working togetherwithWIDECAST,
the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network.
This is the first time that sea turtles in this park,
located in the heart of the Grenadines, have been the
subject of such intense research.
WIDECAST representative Emma Doyle said, "Most of
the turtles tagged so far are Green turtles, and we've
found a smaller number of hawksbill turtles. The
Si Cays Marine Park is an important feeding area
I turtles. As visitors to the park will know from
snorkeling among them, turtles can be seen in the park
feeding on its protected sea grass and coral reefs."
Turtles travel great distances across the Caribbean
Sea and beyond, visiting specific feeding, mating and
nesting areas. Being highl-- mi.r--t-1- animals, the
park's sea turtles might '. 1- .... .s far afield as
Central America, the Dutch Antilles or Puerto Rico
especially to feed in the I i .. .ys Marine Park.
With metal tags on th. .. II. now showing indi
vidual numbers for each turtle (and in some cases the
turtles have been named after local friends and sup
porters), WIDECAST scientists in more than 40 coun
tries across the Caribbean, South and Central America
will be on the lookout for the newly tagged turtles as
they travel to feed and nest in other countries.
The public can report sightings of tagged turtles to
the park's Marine Biologist, Olando Harvey (see con
tact information below). He commented, "Sea turtles
are in danger of extinction and they face many sur
vival challenges over their lifetimes.
-Continued on next page



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Continuedfrom previous page
Our mission is to protect the turtles in the park but we
also care very much about what happens to them when
they travel away from us. Soon we hope to know more
about where they go .I1 1.11 .., .. ... their lives."
WIDECAST is anal, ... 11. I,,, i.. the research,
which will also shed light on the health of the popular

Tobago Cays Marine Park contact Olando Harvey on
(784) 485-8191 or info@tobagocays.org. Also see

Errol Flynn Marina is Blue Flag Again
Dale Westin reports: For the fourth time, Jamaica's
Errol Flynn Marina has been awarded the coveted "Blue

e-mail to everyone on our :.. i.... list. But have we
really? I've received, recently I I1. eighth time, one
with the subject line "World Shame!" --nt;;;; i-h
tos of numerous Costa Rican citizens .11 i
ing sea turtle eggs on a beach. It comes headed by
various expressions of moral outrage and the plea
"please distribute widely".
Curious about the original source of an e-mail that
has stimulated so many people to pass it on, I checked
it out at my favorite myth-buster website, www.
snopes.com. According to Snopes' detectives, the pho
tos are real, but the description of the activities por
trayed is inaccurate: "These photographs do show the
collection of olive ridley sea turtle eggs in the coastal
town of Ostional, Coast Rica, but those who are gath
ering them are not 'poachers'... [they] are engaged in a
government-sponsored conservation activity, collect

Tobago Cays Marine Park Rangers and WIDECAST personnel weighed and tagged sea turtles in the park,
including this large Green turtle. Identifying tags help researchers study growth rates, migration patterns and more

tion. Ms. Doyle explained, "We're on the lookout for an
increasingly seen disease in turtles, called fibropapil
loma, which -.= 1 ... .-- tumors in their flesh."
She adds, I .... i urtles with shark-bite
marks, which are completely natural, but we've also
found turtles with propeller injuries and with shell
damage from collisions with boats. Visitors and boat
vendors need to go slowly and respect the five-knot
speed limit in the park to help avoid hitting turtles."
With follow-up work in future, the rangers will be
able to track how well the -.. 11 -. ...... over time
and maybe even help sol 11. .. -1 I how long
turtles really live.
For more information about sea turtles and the

Flag Marin. I -.....I. mne of only three awarded to
Caribbean : ...... .- I 11 current year. The marina's
Blue Flag programme is monitored by Errol Flynn
Marina's Administrative Manager Christine Downer.
The Blue Fla r'- -T".' is an international voluntary
certification i ... I beaches and marinas. It has
proven to be an effective environmental tool to enhance
the health, safety and environmental quality of beaches
and marinas and has become a worldwide symbol for
beach and marina environmental quality.

'Green' E-Mails? Check Facts Before Forwarding!
Sally Erdle reports: Sometimes we feel we've done a
good deed by forwarding an environmentally oriented

as poachers while carrying out a government
sanctioned, if controversial, activity
ing a relatively small portion of eggs...." Snopes adds
that, "A Sea Turtle Conservancy representative noted
that the activity pictured is controversial but legal
(Ostional is the only part of Costa Rica where sea
turtle egg gathering is allowed), and that: -1.. i
to determine its overall effect on the olive I
lation is ongoing."
If we want to point our fingers at other people and
cry "shame!" we can surely pick more deserving tar
gets, and we need to check our information before
spreading half-truths -the click of a mouse makes it
too easy to unwittingly bear false witness. Before
passing on any mass circulated e-mail, see www.
snopes.com/inboxer/inboxer.asp (they either verify or
debunk scores of widely e-mailed stuff happily,
nine-year-old Penny Brown is '-"rT -i==1in- unifortu
nately, papaya leaves don't ct.. I ..... I and
your hands will not become :I ....... .i i i .. using
hand sanitizer).
And a last tip: if an e-mail really is really worth
forwarding, put your list of contacts in the Bcc field.
That way you are not generating lists of active
e-mail accounts that could possibly be found and
used by spammers. Ever wonder why you get so
much junk mail?

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The gear-driven fresh water pump has a longer life and less to go wrong while the waste gate turbo
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Caribbean Diving Regulations:



When I arrived in the Caribbean 42 years ago, scuba diving was a popular pastime.
Dive shop operators tell me many more people on yachts were diving then than they
are today. Since then, the overall trend in the yachting industry has been up. I have
not seen an equal growth in the diving business.
About 16 years ago, some island r --rnm-nnt- trt-d requiring that all diving be
done with a local dive shop. The ........ I I i i i diving spread. About half
of the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean islands now ban independent diving.
Most recently, Grenada banned independent diving in their new marine parks,
which cover most of the good dive sites in the country. Roatan has done the same.
What is this ban doing to the tourism industry?

'Only a limited number of really good dive sites are easily accessible by dinghy,
and for the rest it is much easier to go in a dive shop's boat'

Enthusiasm Rot
I used to be a very enthusiastic diver, and I started when you could dive anywhere.
I dove about half the time on my own and half the time with dive shops. Only a lim-
ited number of really good dive sites are easily accessible by dinghy, and for the rest
it is much easier to go in a dive shop's boat. I still carry dive tanks aboard, but I have
not been diving for pleasure for a few years. Part of this is because of my advancing
age, but the enthusiasm rot started long ago, as a result of increased regulation.
There are many places I could still dive, but you need enthusiasm to dive, and when
that enthusiasm goes, it goes. I still snorkel; it is a lot easier and there are few

The desire to spend an hour or so underwater is not innate. PADI and other dive
organizations have done a good job getting people to try this unusual but wonderful
pursuit. Once you have tried it, you study the physics, mechanics, and physiology
of diving, and practise a lot of diving skills, learning how to deal with situations that
can arise underwater. When you pass your exams, diving on your own (with a buddy
for safety) for the first time is akin to a neophyte airplane pilot's first solo flight. It is
a rite of passage. And diving with just a buddy is a very different experience from
diving with a group. You have only your buddy to look out for, you are in charge,
and you can go at your own pace, sometimes taking enough time to closely examine
any tiny little thing that catches your eye.

Number of Dive shops by Territory

Independent diving allowed

US Virgin Islands 14
Bonaire 17
Grenada and Carriacou 9**
St Barts 3
St. Martin 13
St Vincent and the Grenadines 8 *
Martinique 42
Guadeloupe 28
Antigua 15
Montserrat 1

independent diving banned

Dominica, 7
St Lucia 9
St. kitts & Nevis 4
Statia 3
Saba 3

Average dive shops per island 5.2

Average dive shops per island 14.45
** I have included Grenada and Carriacou among the islands that allow independent
diving. because the new regulations manning diving have not had time to have an ef-
lfec yet.
I have included St Vincent and the Grenadines in the islands thai allow nde-
pendent diving, though diving is restricted in the Tohago Cays Park. It i stilt open
everywhere else.

I have had great dives on my own and I have had great dives with dive shops. But
my few bad dives have all been with dive shops, and I will describe one to illustrate
the difference. We dove on a wreck in Anse Cochon, St. Lucia. I went down quickly
and found myself alongside a magnificent wreck. It was covered with all kinds of
tunicates, sponges, and other creatures, rather different from the communities you
normally see on a reef. I was 1 ........ .., ,1 ,i -. examining some of these, when the
other divers came down. Wit ... i ... ... .. many in the group had stirred up
the mud with their fins and visibility was nil -nothing left to see but brown fog. It
was one of those places where being in a group with some inexperienced divers just
does not work.
Dive Bans versus Yachting
The first island nation I remember banning independent diving was Dominica,
though I think St. Kitts & Nevis had already done so. At that time Dominicans felt
threatened by divers whom they thought were plundering their reefs for black coral
and other things. Dominica does not have the attraction of white beaches; her tour
ism depends on having an environment that is more pristine than that in the other
islands. The decision to ban independent diving as a protective measure seemed
justified at the time, and Dominica has managed a successful low-volume dive
industry ever since.
St. Lucia went next. I asked, but heard of no particular problems. The ban on inde
pendent diving started in the Soufriere Marine Management Area (SMMA) and soon
was the law for the whole island. In St. Lucia this ban had a very definite effect. At
about the time independent diving was banned, St. Lucia had some seven yacht
charter companies; now it has only four. How can a diving ban affect chartering? St.
Lucia competes with other Caribbean areas. If you are a sailor who likes diving, why
come to St. Lucia when you can go to the Virgin Islands and get excellent sailing along
with superb diving in well-run national parks that encourage independent diving?
When I was a charter skipper I sometimes had charterers who wanted to dive.
Continued on next page

Continued from previous page
They came with their own basic equipment then rented tanks, getting them filled
as they went. They did some diving on their own and some diving with dive shops.
Had independent diving been banned back then, they never would have chosen to
come to the Windwards.
To make tourism successful, all the threads need to be pulling. St. Lucia would
now have a far more vibrant diving industry if independent diving had not been
banned. Every year some 200 boats come over on the ARC; the combined crew list
equals more than a thousand people. A good percentage of these are excellent can
didates to learn how to dive, and I believe many more of them could be persuaded to
spend time underwater. But what is the point of becoming a certified diver if you are
not allowed to dive independently?
My enthusiasm for diving took a plunge when Saba banned independent diving.
Saba is unusual in that the mooring area and the diving area are together, and the
place to get ashore is some two miles -a long dinghy ride -away. One year,
another single-handed sailor and I did a few dives that were easy to reach from our
boats. The diving was wonderful and I determined to do more diving on my next
visit. I also planned to go with the dive shops on some of the more difficult dives
that are in deep water. In the interim, independent diving was banned, my enthu
siasm died, and I left my boat in St. Martin and took a plane to Saba, not doing any
diving while there.
Some Revealing Figures
Now is that just me, or is the diving enthusiasm of others affected the same way?
It so happens I was back in Saba some years after the ban was put in place and
asked the marine park manager if he had a record of boat arrivals. Accompanying
me was Garvis Hassel, my taxi driver. Thn 1i.... 'ere revealing. They showed a
steady increase in boat visitors up to the .... I 'I. ban, whereupon there was a
30-percent drop in arrivals. From this lower level the increase resumed at about the
same rate. Banning independent diving in this case had a clear and marked effect.
Even the- .-1 .-, r ---is surprised no one had i1. . .... i. II. I
of the bar. i.... had not been reviewed. C .. i i .1
are hurting my business." And this is something ti .- ,I I i i i ....
regulations don't just affect the marine park and .I 1 1,,,, ,,, i,-i, I .
people suffer when business is stifled.
I wanted more figures to be sure of my argument, and my prediction was that there
would be mc ., 11, in the diving industry in islands that do not restrict diving. I
tried to get cl .1 ... PADI, but they refused to release this information, so the only
other thing I could do is look at the state of diving today. I included Bonaire because
it is a major dive center outside the Eastern Caribbean that has a top quality marine
park and encourages independent diving. The only readily available figure is the num
ber of dive shops in each island, which I g I .' ..... .. I ., i ., i. l I ,
facilities. Where that was not available, I I. I I I 1 .... ...
nation. These figures may not be exact, but they should be pretty close. The results
are shown in the box. The average number of dive shops on islands that allow inde
pendent diving is 14, compared with five on islands that ban it. There are so many
variables that it is hard to draw any meaningful conclusions. However, the fact that
the British and US Virgin Islands together have around the same number of dive shops
as St. Lucia, Dominica, St. Kitts & Nevis, Saba, and Statia combined, tells me that
these latter islands could have a far bigger diving industry than they have today.
Rationales for Restrictions
So why ban independent diving? The two main reasons given are economic and
environmental. Let us start with the economic. The reasoning goes like this: if every
one is required to dive with a dive shop, all the independent divers will be drawn into
the dive shops, the dive shops will make more money, and that will be good for the
diving industry. I don't think it works that way.
In general, any time you restrict an activity you discourage it. This is why the
yachting industry is always fighting to ease regulations; we know how damaging they
can be. In thecase i. i i. ... ... .. 1 I. idea .. .. .... ...... .
divers is faulty. It , i i i .. -1 .. i i with i. 1 .. i 1 . i.
need to dive. But there is no captive clientele; divers are free to go wherever they
want, and if they are serious about diving, they will go to places where they are not
restricted. Rather than gain the independent divers (who were probably diving with
a shop about half the time) you lose most of that group completely. More seriously,
. i...i ... s restricted throughout the area, you start losing divers altogether.
i i .I. all that training when all you can do afterwards is take a guided
underwater tour? I think that these regulations are discouraging diving as a sport,
and new divers are :.t 1 i; recruited, at least not those on .- ,,... hts.
What would be th 11 I yachting in the Caribbean if v 1 I I the lead of
the diving industry and said: if you want to sail in the Caribbean you cannot come
on your own yacht, you have to charter? In the short term, the charter companies
might do okay. However, everyone else who benefits from the current industry would
be gone -all the boatyards, chandleries, marine mechanics, sailmakers, marinas,
and more. The Caribbean would be dropped as a destination in yachting magazines,
all the publicity that keeps us a popular sailing area would disappear, and there
would be no regattas to bring in the crowds. In the long run, even the charter indus

try would shrink.
So what about the environmental arguments? The idea, as I have heard it formu-
lated, is this: "It is in the dive shops' interest to have a healthy marine environment,
so if we make everyone go with a dive shop they can control all the diving and keep
the environment -- 1 1-.- "
I am not an .,, i, .. .. market diehard; I . .. .. .. that do protect
the environment. I support the banning of spearfisl t, I .- Iecause, having
spearfished myself, I know the effect it has on fish populations, especially on those
easy-to-shoot "big eyes". But there is no evidence that independent diving hurts
Caribbean reefs. Diving is not a free-for-all: you have to train, and the training
emphasizes diving in an environmentally sound way. Divers are ,ii11,. to pay user
fees, and in surveys say they would prefer to pay higher user : I better-con
served reefs. The idea that reefs are better protected when people go with dive shops
is not supported by any studies that I know of.

ulvIng wItUL ust a Duay is a very UiJJeren experience
from diving with a group'

Divers suffer some of the same mistrust from officials that has affected yachting
regulations over the years. It is unfortunate because it does affect the economy.
Where there are problems caused by divers, they can usually be solved by controlling
access to particular dive sites. In most cases damage can be averted by having a
diver pay for an orientation course that allows park rangers or local dive shops to
assess a diver's abilities and let him or her know what they expect. Such a system
works well in Bonaire.
The bottom line is that the most successful Caribbean marine parks, the ones that
win major awards and are rated as our gold standard, including those in Bonaire
and the Virgin Islands, allow and encourage independent diving.
This is not to say diving does not need any controls. Really heavy traffic on one
particular reef can cause stress. Bonaire has be ,, I .1,,. vith this problem for years.
They run a highly successful park at -i-n-. ..... .. 1.. 1. than those in the
Eastern Caribbean. The latest data I ,,i i I... I were for *"* when some 42,000
divers visited Bonaire, many of whom dove twice a day every day they were there. With
fewer than 20 dive shops, most of the diving is independent; most reefs are accessible
from shore and clearly marked. Bonaire keeps "off limit" dive sites where no one but
park officials can go, so that they can monitor the effects of diving. At these volumes
it is not surprising that if a reef becomes too popular they do sometimes have to give
it a break and take that site out of the system for a couple of years.
There is no reason that those who have opted for a blanket ban could not have
their cake and eat it too. Just open some of the easily accessible dive sites to inde
pendent divers. These can be carefully monitored. Then restrict most other sites.
Our hard corals have taken a considerable beating over the last 15 years. This has
happened on a global scale and is : .- ..1 I i.1. i. .... i. .1 I .. i ily, itneed
not impact negatively on the diving ,,, I,, 1. I -, i.. ... .. -, providing
habitat for fish and other sea creatu---= .-1 .= 1- n as those are plentiful there will
be diving. For this reason I am fully "i I I I I1 idea of marine parks that cre
ate sanctuaries for fish. However, I think an easing of diving : .i .1.. i I i.
the diving industry, and that the current regulations stifle 11' .. 1. i I, I
between yachting and diving.

Johnson Hardware Ltd


Chain & Rope

Anchors & Fenders

Electric Wire

Marine Hoses

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Lubricants & Oils

Stainless Fasteners

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VHF Radios

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I~~~~~~~ ~~ ~ RonyByIt ui e:(5)4209 a:(5)4201 -al adaecnwl

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6th St. Maarten Optimist Championship: 'Awesome!'
The St. Maarten Yacht Club held its sixth annual SOL
St. Maarten Optimist Championship on November 6th,
with 17 competitors aged eight to 14 competing in
nine races. The fleet was divided into two classes -


Ard van Aanholt: Curacao's Sunfish
Youth Champ 2010
n1riru the w*enk~en of October 23rd nd 24th n

record number of 20 young sailors fought for the title
of Youth Sunfish Sailor of Curacao. A high level of
competition ran through all six races, with the 2010
title going to Ard van Aanholt. With four first places
and two thirds, 16-year-old Ard showed remarkable
tactics and talent for reading the wind shifts. This
championship counts as a qualifier for the Sunfish
Youth Worlds, being held in Curacao next June.
Eugene Hendrikx, who in September at age 16
amazed everybody by grabbing the Curacao Sunfish
title amongst the adults, finished second. The 2009
champion, Kevin van Otterdijk, captured the bronze.
The first girl over the line was Alexandra Siebels. Odile
van Aanholt and Kristie van der Woude, both 12 years
old, were the best in the Sunfish double class.
Ard van Aanholt looks back at an impressive 2010
sailing season. In June he placed third in the Sunfish
Open Worlds in Italy; in July he finished 15th in the
Laser Radial at the ISAF Youth Worlds in Turkey; by the
end of July he claimed bronze in the Sunfish class at
the Central American and Caribbean Games in

Young sailors Jrom Anguiua, I ortola ana Sint Maarten
celebrate their participation in the SOL Optimist
Regatta 2010 on the deck of the Sint Maarten
Yacht Club
Gold for age 12 years and older; and Silver for age 11
years and under with trophies for each class and
for overall performance. Sailors from Anguilla and
Tortola joined those from St. Maarten.
Simpson Bay Lagoon held a stiff breeze with many
shifts. From the first race it was obvious the champion-
ship was not to be a walk in the park for any of the
sailors. Battling for top spot were local sailor Rhone
Findlay and first-timer to the event, Sam Morrell from

for their first off-island regatta and the St. Maarten
youth look forward to future competitions.
At the end of the day, Sam and Rhone tied on
points; the tie-breaker placed Sam in first.
At prizegiving, the SMYC Commodore presented tro-
phies, and every competitor received a goody bag
along with a photo of them racing a great souvenir
of a memorable day. The Sportsmanship Award went to
Bart van Vliet who did his utmost to help and encour-
age a fellow sailor who was having a tough day of it.
SOL, the longtime sponsor, was thanked by master of
ceremonies Robbie Ferron for their support. When
Robbie asked the young sailors, "Why would SOL spon-
sor you Opti racers when you don't use fuel but wind?"
the immediate response from young Bart van Vliet,
"Because we're AWESOME!", brought the house down.
For more information visit www.smyc.com.
World's Top Skippers for USVI's
Carlos Aguilar Match Race
Presented by Ulysse Nardin/Trident Jewels & Time, the
Carlos Aguilar Match Race (CAMR), an Official World
Tour Qualifier for the 2011 World Match Racing Tour, is
set to race December 2nd through 5th in the natural
amphitheater of Charlotte Amalie Harbor, St. Thomas,
USVI. Some of the world's best match racers will com-
pete in IC24s in the regatta named for the late Carlos
Aguilar, an avid sailor and match racer.
The St. Thomas Yacht Club and the Virgin Islands
Sailing Association are the organizing authorities. Each
skipper will race with three crew. The Open Division
winner receives an invitation to the Stena Match Cup
to be held in Sweden next July.

F 01k ""' -

A record number of 20 Sunfish sailors raced for the Tortola. They took turns finishing first, and dominated
title of Curacao Youth Sailor 2010 every race except one. Hot in pursuit was Alec
Scarabelli, the only competitor able to steal a win
from either. Giving Alec a run for his money was Saskia
Puerto Rico; And now, gold in Curacao. Congrats Looser, who placed top girl. Bodine Beentjes, sailing
from all junior sailors across the region you set a her first SOL Championship, seemed at one point to
great example! give Saskia a real threat, beating Saskia in the first two
Youth Sailing Curacao, which started in 2001, has races, but mixed results after her initial burst gave
begun to show profound results in other classes Saskia the edge. A battle royal also developed
besides the Optimist. between Ilian Halbertsma and Nathan Smith. Ilian held
For more information about Youth Sailing Curagao the edge in the overall standing and Nathan took the
visit www ysco. org. class standing. The three sailors from Anguilla did well

Last December, USVI teammates (left to right) Maurice
Kurg, America's Cup-winning helmsman Peter
Holmberg, and Morgan Avery thrilled the crowd lining
the Charlotte Amalie waterfrontfor the 2009
Carlos Aguilar Match Race
Skippers to watch in the Women's Division are Great
Britain's Lucy MacGregor, 2010 Women's Match
Racing World Champion and currently ranked num-
ber two in the ISAF women's match race standings;
the United States' Sally Barkow, two-time Women's
Match Race World Champion and ninth ranked
women match racer; and the USA's Genny Tulloch,
2008 Women's Division winner of the CAMR and
ranked 12th.
Headlining the Open Division, St. Thomas-born Peter
Holmberg, America's Cup-winning helmsman for
Alinghi, will defend his 2009 CAMR title against four-
time America's Cup veteran,...
Continued on next page

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BL 2" a january -'1 Februai
Ho ir I' h rhHt HK at (XI e b NMctIlai Pcrl Q

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Ir : i,,- rII:: :i :>und the World competitor, and winner of the grueling
Sidney-to-Hobart Race, New Zealand's Gavin Brady. These veterans take on
Portugal's Alvaro Marinho (14th), St. Thomas native and Boston College All-
American, Taylor Canfield (27th), the USA's Dave Perry (28th), New Zealand's Laurie
Jury (39th), the USA's Chris Van Tol and the British Virgin Islands'
Colin Rathbun.
Spectators can enjoy tented bleacher seating on the Charlotte Amalie waterfront.
For more information visit www.styc.net
Join the Historic Mount Gay Round Barbados Race!
The Barbados Cruising Club reports: The schooner Elena will compete in the Mount
Gay Rum Round Barbados Race, to be held January 21st, 2011 and you can too!
All are welcome to join this challenging event and enjoy some famous Bajan hospi-
tality. Racing will be held in five classes: Classics, Spirit of Tradition, Monohull One
< I

Meticulously built to the
original 1910 design,
Elena cuts through the
waves with the grace of
bygone times. She'll be
belle of the ball next
month in a race around
the island of Barbados


Design, Monohull Open and Multihull Open. Other classes may be included accord-
ing to entries. The clockwise course will result in boats sailing some 70 miles.
About a hundred years ago, names like Vanderbilt, Plant and Pratt of the New
York Yacht Club represented the wealth and power of the New World and its
ambition to challenge the Old World out on the water. This challenge saw the
designs of the magnificent racing schooners come to life with yachts crewed by
up to 40 hands.
In the trials to select their challenger, American yachtsmen set about designing,
building and racing yachts such as Elena, Sea Fox, Westward and Atlantic. The
original Elena raced against the Sea Fox for a chance to represent the NYYC.
She won, and went on to win many more times, but her defining moment of
glory came in 1928 when, under the ownership of William B. Bell, she beat all
comers, including the schooner Atlantic, in the King's Cup. This transatlantic race
from New York to Santander, Spain was for a trophy donated by the King of
Spain himself.
And the Sea Fox? She headed to Barbados and fell into trade, but her supposed
fall from grace was caught by her new owner, Lou Kennedy, and immortalized in
the book The Last Schoonerman (see review in the March 2007 issue of Compass).
Apparently this rogue loved to race, trade and drink Mount Gay Rum our kind of
sailor! In 1935, the Sea Foxset the record of 10 hours, 20 minutes, in the first schooner
race round the island of Barbados, and Elena plans to break it in 2011.
In 2009, the new Elena of London, an exact replica of the 1911 Elena, was
launched, having been built using copies of the original drawings from the
Herreshoff museum. The new Elena intends to start her commemorative "centennial
tour" by breaking the Sea Fox's record here in Barbados on January 21st.
Elena also plans to compete in several of the Caribbean regattas, including those in St.
Barth's and Antigua, and then, who knows, perhaps another challenge to race to Spain!
For more information on the Mount Gay Rum Round Barbados Race visit www.
mountgayrumroundbarbadosrace. com.
For more information on Elena visit www.schoonerelena com.
De Dock Deal for Grenada Sailing Festival 2011
Some of the most exciting yacht racing in the Southern Caribbean will take place
from January 28th through February 1st, followed by the Digicel Work Boat Regatta
- "Real People Having Real Fun!" from February 4th through 6th, 2011.
Yacht competition will be in four classes: Racing, Racing/Cruising, Cruising and
J/24. Early entries include Paul King's First 40.7, Coyote; Chris Jago's Farr 60,
Venomous; Paul Solomon's Henderson 35, BlackBerry Enzyme; Peter Morris's Frers 43,
Jaguar; Peter Lewis's J/105, Whistler; Richard Jerrom's Beneteau 47.7, Tanga Langa
3; Dieter Huppenkothen's Swan 43, Rasmus; and in the J/24 class, Robbie
Yearwood's Die Hard and Gus Reader's Glory Daze.
Camper & Nicholsons Port Louis Marina, the Home Port and Race Headquarters for
the Festival, is offering a great docking deal to all participants: they are freezing the
2010 rates and then offering a 50 percent discount on dock space.
New parties, more fun 2011 programme coming soon! Online registration is now open.
For more information on the Grenada Sailing Festival see ad on this page.
For more information on Port Louis Marina see ad on page 55.
Bienvenidos en Puerto Rico!
The venerable Club Ndutico de San Juan, Puerto Rico will be hosting its 10th
International Regatta from February 4th through 6th, 2011 on the waters of San Juan
Bay. Club Ndutico de San Juan was founded in 1930 and has an elegant atmo-
sphere as well as modern amenities, including a secure marina on the doorstep of
one of the Caribbean's most vibrant cities.
Club Ndutico de San Juan celebrates an annual International Youth Regatta for
sailors from Puerto Rico and abroad. Last year's event hosted a record 80 partici-
pants. Sailors compete in the following classifications: Optimist, Laser, and Snipe. The
CNSJ Sailing Program has the full support from the Puerto Rico Sailing Federation
(Federaci6n de Vela de Puerto Rico), and other groups including the Laser
Association, Puerto Rico Optimist Dinghy Association, and the Puerto Rico Snipe
Class Association, among others.
On-line registration is now open at www.nauticodesanjuan.com.
For more information see ad on page 19.
For February Fun South Grenada Regatta
The popular South Grenada Regatta has confirmed the dates for 2011: February
25th through 27th.
The five Gold Sponsors have been confirmed as Westerhall Estate Ltd, Netherlands
Insurance, Le Phare Bleu Marina & Boutique Hotel, Real Value IGA Supermarket, and
North South Wines.
-ontinued on next page


.. ... ... . . page
I-i,- ,11 I: i r,, :, :r races along the spectacular south coast of Grenada over
two days, with great prizes, fun parties and live music. Competitive but fun sailing!
For more information see ad on page 18

Act Now to Enter Budget Marine Match Racing Cup
The Budget Marine Match Racing Cup, taking place March 1st 2011, will once
again highlight the skills and abilities of professional skippers from around the world.
This third edition is the pre-event to the 31st St. Maarten Heineken Regatta. In the
past, teams from Poland, USVI, the United States and Russia have participated. Peter
Holmberg of the USVI won this race the first two years; many wonder if he will take
home first prize for a third time. Budget Marine, the title sponsor, is offering US$10,000
in prize money this year.
The Budget Marine Match Racing Cup will use identical Jenneau SunFast 20s for
the race, owned and operated by Lagoon Sailboat Rentals in St. Maarten. With
room for eight teams, and places up for grabs, those who wish to participate must
send in their sailing CVs to the regatta office at regatta2@heinekenregatta.com.
Once selected, teams will be notified immediately, and the entry fee is minimal.
Applications are being accepted from all sailors, male or female, who think they
have what it takes to compete. An ISAF ID is appreciated when sending your infor-
mation. Organizers are pleased to say there has never been a lack of interest in this
race, so be sure to send in your information now; the deadline is January 7th 2011.
The Notice of Race for this event will be posted at www heinekenregatta com.
For more information contact director@heinekenregafta com.
Mount Gay Rum Barbados Regatta 2011 Feeder Race...
Regatta sailors are not normally noted for their fashion sense, but one universally
prized and eternally hip fashion necessity is the Mount Gay Rum Red Cap. Often, it is
only rewarded to race winners at regattas, but in Mount Gay Rum's home island of
Barbados, the Cap has been and will continue to be given to all sailors who com-
pete in the Mount Gay Rum Barbados Regatta. So mark your calendars for May
12th through 15th, 2011 so you can earn your own Cap while enjoying the great rac-
ing and phenomenal landside activities the island of Barbados has to offer.
Reinforcing the regatta's reputation as one for hardened sailors and free-spirited
cruisers alike, it has in recent years seen an increase in its Cruising Class numbers.
The class uses separate courses and a system of staggered starts, which help to
reduce stress about conflicts and contacts between boats something most cruis-
ers happily avoid!
The 2011 Mount Gay Rum Barbados Regatta will be preceded by an inaugural
Feeder Race, in which participating yachts from the Windward Islands and beyond
can cruise/race over to Barbados as a fleet the weekend prior to the Regatta.
Organized in conjunction with the St. Lucia Yacht Club, the race will start from
Rodney Bay and finish at Port St. Charles, Barbados. The yachts will beat to wind-
ward for many different and unique prizes, and then enjoy the hospitality of the
island before the main-event Regatta where they can earn their Red Caps. The
organizers look forward to greeting new sailors to the Mount Gay Rum Barbados
Regatta 2011 through this Feeder Race!
For more information contact the Barbados Sailing Association
at sailbarbados@gmail. com.
... and May's Main Barbados Event!
Barbados is hosting the 26th annual Mount Gay Rum Barbados Regatta 2011, from
May 12th through 15th. With visible near-shore racing in sapphire blue waters, action
around the buoys is tight and fast in the racing classes, yet cool and comfortable on
the cruising courses. The venerable host of the regatta, the Barbados Yacht Club,
looks forward to sharing club privileges with the regatta sailors and their families,
along with some great beach games, camaraderie, and a rum drink or two!
The Regatta organizers are looking forward to an increase from last year's numbers
- the largest fleet to date. Barbados is home to the largest J/24 fleet in the
Southern Caribbean, creating an instant one-design class which improves as more
visiting J/24s come to compete in the Regatta. The Cruising B class continues to
increase in size as well, as cruising yachts from around the region learn about the
sheer fun the Regatta has to offer: the beat to windward to get there just makes
everything that much more enjoyable!
The notice of race can be accessed at www.sailbarbados.com.
For more information contact the Barbados Sailing Association
at sailbarbados@gmail, com.



2c 0r

,, q ,u ,1, ....

WHEN: February 4-6, 2011
CATEGORY: Optimist, Laser & Snipe
FEES: Registration -for entries after December 1st, 2010
and before January 19th, 2011:
Optimist / Laser $130.00
Snipe $160.00
vela @nauticodesanjuan.com http://www.nauticodesanjuan.com
Thanks to all 2010 Sponsors

t J1
~a; ?1~ __ ~,,, ~%SAN


1 KALE modbr~voi


T h Caribbean is
l re meant for
cruising. An
area larger than the
warm waters and a wealth of
culturally and geographically
different destinations to choose
from, it's hard to beat.
For the past 15 years,
Caribbean Compass has pub
lished first-hand articles from
sailors plying the Caribbean
Sea from Barbados to Belize,
and thanks principally to this
direct input from the real-life cruising community we're proud to have been voted the
"boating publication [that] is the most trusted source of information about yachting
and the Caribbean" by a 2010 Marinas of the Caribbean website poll.
Sailors -and powerboaters, too -tend to write articles for Compass about places
they like. (And they write letters about what they don't like!) According to a rough
count of feature-1 ...i. .. 1 i 1.-1i. I ... Compass over the years, the six countries
written about m. -1 I .. .. i Vincent & the Grenadines, Trinidad &
Tobago, Grenada, the French islands (Martinique, Guadeloupe and St. Barth's) and
Panama. Obviously, .... I 1... i i..i I iuse they are large and/or
contain numerous is ... I ... i ...- I I .. ..11 1 i i ..... destinations.
The next four countries most written about were Dominica, Cuba, Colombia and
St. Lucia, followed closely by the Dutch ABCs, Puerto Rico (including the "Spanish
Virgins") and St. Kitts/Nevis. Also in the mid-range were all the Virgin Islands (we
set aside the national label here and counted both the US Virgin Islands and the
British ;",. i ... 1i. together), and Antigua & Barbuda.
Feelin, 11 I II mut until recently were Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti
and Guatemala, as well as Montserrat. Surprisingly, for an island with so much
Ivity, St. Maarten/St. Martin came at the bottom of the list.
I a selection of seasoned cruising sailors to comment on these findings
vis a-vis their own experience, and to share with us their favorite places among both
the well known and the "best-kept secret" destinations.
The St. Martin/St. Maarten Mystery
While Ellen Sanpere, who with her husband Tony lived aboard the 51-foot Beneteau
Idylle Cayenne III since 1998 and recently moved ashore in St Croix, doesn't seem
shocked about St. Martin/St. ,. 1 ;.. 1 n ..l "It's too commercial, crowded,
expensive and noisy... kind o0 ii -i I1 ....- I ... -others are perplexed:
"It is strange you say that St. Maarten is not in the top," comments Eddy Huybs of
the sloop Helena, "because that is one of my favorites. I've sailed seven times to St.
Maarten, sometimes twice a year, from Venezuela up. But maybe St. Maarten is not
a place to write about; what can you write? It's only partying and working on your
boat or someone else's boat. Good place, although after some months I was always
glad to leave too small an island for me. But it sure is in my top list."
Devi Sharp of the 43-foot sloop Arctic Tern seconds Eddy's remarks: "I am not sure
why people don't write about St. Maarten/St. Martin -everyone goes there. It could
be that the two territories bill themselves as a huge repair shop. There are things to
do besides work on your boat and buy boat parts, but I don't think many cruisers


While the get-away isle of Barbuda has been neither ignored nor over-exposed
in print, some fans beg, 'Don't tell everybody about it!'
Michelle Fleming aboard the 40-foot Island Packet Bonanza adds, "I am very sur
prised that St. Martin/St. Maarten is in the bottom of the most-covered destinations.
Roy and I loved it there and it seems like such a normal stop along the Caribbean
trail. Not only can y .. I ..- ... . ,i I .1 the food is incredible! Both
the French and Du -, i ... I I. i 1 i es to eat in the Caribbean.
We often talked with the crews of Voyageur C and Daniell Story about doing a
'Gourmands of the Caribbean' list, but the entries from St. Martin alone filled up the
ticket. We also love to catch movies in St. Martin. Its easy to park the dinghy and
walk to the theater there at night, which is quite a novelty while traveling by boat.
Continued on next page

do much more than boat
work and attend happy
hours. Hunter and I did
hike 95 percent of the
spine of the island."
"St. Martin/St. Maarten
is an interesting one to
be found in the left out
category," s Liesbet
Collaert ol II. catama
j ran Irie, "because almost
every Caribbean cruiser
stops there at one time
or another. But, few of
them venture farther
than the lagoon and its bordering bays. The main reason people stop in St. Maarten
is to stock up with groceries, get parts (duty free) for their boats and to work on
them. Another reason is to party on the Dutch side. Very few people actually move
their boat around while there, even though there are quite a few nice anchorages to
go to on the French side. Walking around Marigot and Philipsburg there is quite a
lot to see."
S..iii iii ........

Continuedfrom previous page
The lagoon is always filled with -rti in. 1-oats and so is the anchorage on the
French side, so there is no shortage I i.... i- to make."


mostly overland. Not sure why more people don't submit their experiences at the
many different sights. Maybe most cruisers are too scared to travel a big landmass
by themselves. When we were in the Dominican Republic, Mark and I wanted to visit
Haiti overland, but that was strongly i,, ,, i and, to be honest, from the
moment we briefly stepped over the bor I i n a change in energy and atmo
sphere. Visiting Haiti over the water might be different."
Michelle Fleming says, "Last season Roy and I cruised the south coast of the DR.
We encountered fewer than ten cruising boats along the way, but the place was fan
tastic. While we were grateful to have Mr. Virgintino's on-line cruising guide, we
Left: St. Vincent & the Grenadines scores both print and praise for its numerous
islands and comfortable anchorages. This is Admiralty Bay, Bequia
Below: Although Guatemala hasn't been written about so much, cruisers do love its
Rio Dulce. This is the riverside town ofFronteras

S A4
- a

Other 'Best-Kept Secrets'
Regarding the other less-covered destinations, Ellen Sanpere writes: "Tony and I
loved the season we spent in Guatemala's Rio Dulce -good cruising community,
safe hurricane haven, lots of Mayan ruins to explore, some yacht services, abundant
and inexpensive fresh produce, meat and shrimp. But once you're that far west, it's
a pain to beat upwind to get back to the rest of the islands."
She adds, "Montserrat got a bum deal with that volcano -we went there in 2006
and loved it. That said, we stayed only two nights because [after volcanic activity that
year] there were no services, the island was distressed, and we didn't feel we should
burden it for more than that. We did the taxi tour and had lunch. The anchorage
was a little rolly and we felt the presence of an imminent eruption.
"You didn't even mention Honduras' Bay Islands, Mexico or Belize. 1 ,i i the
Bay Islands and Isla Mujeres, but again it's a lousy beat back to St. ,
Eddy Huybs writes, "In 2004, I was in Jamaica, Cuba and Mexico. You could com-
pare Jamaica with Trinidad: similar culture, similar people, similar crime problem.
Two years ago we were in the Dominican Republic. We stayed four weeks in Boca
Chica on the south coast; it's easy from there to take the bus to Santo Domingo,
which is a nice city to visit with great history. There was not much cruising going on
in the DR because you h-.- t- ]- i. r -rt -rin. became expensive.
[Editor's note: see http:/, I ... i i i .. .... ..... ... r current regulations.]
We stayed on anchor, but watch your stuff."
Liesbet Collaert notes that, "The Dominican Republic has a lot to see and do, but

found out that rules were always changing and some information needed updating.
The biggest problem in the DR is the constant paying 1 1 ... I ..... i deal with
authorities. How much to pay and to whom became ..... .. .- [ be much
: .I. I .... 'no' to certain requests a second time around!
.1- ...... .. I trip to Ile a Vache, Haiti -post earthquake. It was amazing. We
brought some food and supplies and got quite a. ... .. .I i- i, i ... .. ...
works in Haiti. The anchorage is very safe bcil ... i ,I, 11. ... ...
personal safety perspective. As Rose from the Hotel Port Morgan told me, 'Michelle,
there are no problems at Ile a Vache; you are safe and welcome here always!'"
Continued on next page

Continued from previous page
Michelle's favorite places among those written about least often? "For me it is a tie
between Port Antonio, Jamaica and Grand Cayman. These two places do feel like
outposts, but we still ran into cruising boats along the way. The Port Authority of
Jamaica operates Port Antonio's anchorage and Errol Flynn Marina; the authorities
are friendly and professional and the whole area is very secure. It's fun to shop in
the market and take some of the local tours to the nearby mountains for hiking and
river touring. This small town is a great place to get a full taste of Jamaica in a low
key way. Then skip Ocho Rios and enjoy anchoring by the Montego Bay Yacht Club.
Their old-time hospitality and reasonable fees for using their facilities make cruisers
f. 1 .1.1 .i hom e.
S. ... ayman is a place for a little R and R. Its expensive, so provision before
you arrive. Check in at the port in Georgetown and then head around the north end
of the island into the North Sound, where you can anchor in flat calm in ten feet of
water behind one of the best reefs in the Caribbean. Swim with the stingrays and
enjoy some of the clearest waters outside of the Bahamas. Anchor over by Rum Point
and snorkel on giant coral heads just off the dock. Head around to Kaibo for the
Tuesday night all-you-can-eat buffet with live music. Now you are perfectly poised to

make the overnight broad reach straight north to Santiago, Cuba or the resort at
Cayo I .r- "ba. Sweet!"
"I I ii, Rio Dulce, Guatemala, as my favorite least-written-about destina
tion," declares sailing author Julia Bartlett. "It has a safe hurricane hole, three
haulout facilities, the world's second largest barrier reef, islands for cruising and
diving, plus a large lake for hurricane season sailing/shakedowns. Add to that the
inexpensive living and marinas, interesting shore trips, good security in Fronteras
(where most of the boats are) and an on-line cruiser magazine with useful links
(www.riodulcechisme.com). The downside is that it is time consuming to get to
and from the Eastern Caribbean, and not all boat parts are available. But there
are cheap 1 i .1 available to Miami for boat-type shopping, and shipping services
for large :i ...

Cruising the Middle Range
Regarding islands in the mid-coverage range, circumnavigator Ann -I -i .. i
who has both cruised and worked on private yachts in the Caribbean, - i
and I spent so much time i .... . 1 1 .. .. .... which helps,
especially ifyou're trying ... 1 i-1. -1 .1 -1 11 1 1 I 1 i ominica and
St. Lucia more, but we're too much of a spectacle there -too needed, for our wallets.
Looking forward to Colombia. I guess I'm starting to favor places that are big enough
for us to blend into."
Michael Rosner of the Morgan 41 Out Island Panda says Ann has something to
look forward to: "Edie and I have been south of the 12th latitude since 2005. The
1 n n A r

Above: Dominica is one of cruiser Eddy Huybs' top three favorite islands.
This is Portsmouth
Left: Port of Spain market. 'Our favorite people are in Trinidad' says Ellen Sanpere,
and Devi Sharp agrees: I love the rinis'

most wonderful city I have ever visited down here is Cartagena, Colombia, and I
have not seen in the Caribbean anything that compares to its architecture and
charm. Security is wonderful and it is the only city I feel comfortable wandering
around at night."
Regarding some other mid-range destinations, Ellen Sanpere says, "Not sure
what's the attraction of St. Lucia -we didn't get past one very loud night there
befor- 1-; r -. h;--.. The ARC lands here, though, and that's where many new
bies .... ... i i.11 ... I with the Caribbean. Their very scary ordeal of crossing is
over and the place seems like Paradise for sure. We skipped St. Kitts, Nevis, Saba
and Statia, mostly because we had little cruising info that made them attractive
enough to slow down our boat. I've never been in love with Puerto Rico, but it has
its usefulness: air connections to the US, Old San Juan and Puerto del Rey. As
Venezuela is p.- 1-n -r safe, several cruisers we know are spending hurricane season
in the ABCs :..-i I (Devi Sharp concurs: "Curacao is a cheap and easy place to
spend hurricane season.")
Continued on next page

-ontinued from previous page
"The USVI is where Tony and I chose to swallow the anchor it's great for US
citizens, can't recommend it to others. St. Thomas has great racing, and St. John is
okay to visit, but the cruising community there is not my party crowd. The BVI has
too many tourists, bareboats, etcetera. We go there for racing and don't spend much
time there otherwise.
"Cuba has to be our favorite less-traveled country," Ellen says. "Although we spent
only two months there, we met some wonderful people (non-cruisers), heard lots of
music, saw gorgeous sights both natural and man-made. It's uncrowded (wonder
how much longer that will last?) and we had many excellent adventures."
Still in mid-coverage range, "Our favorite less-traveled Caribbean island is
Barbuda," says Liesbet Collaret, "for its space, peace and quiet, remote beaches and
relaxed atmosphere. Also, it reminds us of the Bahamas, our all-time favorite so far.
If importing our dog, Darwin, in ..i.... would be cheaper, I'm sure we would
spend a lot of time there as well, ...- I the different places to anchor and go."
Best-Covered Destinations, and Why
Aside from offering numerous cruising opportunities, why do some destinations get
so much ink?
Liesbet explains: "I think Grenada, Venezuela and T&Ts popularity [in print] has
to do with the amount of time cruisers spend there. These are the popular places to
spend a hurricane season, so people have plenty of time to explore and submerge
themselves in the culture and sights -and write about them.
"Also, everybody likes St. Vincent & the Grenadines (SVG) for obvious reasons [e.g.
a lot of different and comfortable anchorages]. Panama must be popular for its
unique offshore islands. (As far as the French islands go, I think they are 'popular'
because you put them in one category. I think Martinique is the one that stands out
because of the many sailing and anchoring possibilities.) I think the popular coun
tries are the places most long-term Caribbean cruisers spend time. That way they
get to know them and love them, and therefore write about them."
Ellen Sanpere supports that view: "Venezuela, Trinidad & Tobago, and Grenada
are where many cruisers spend the hurricane season and get their boat work done.
They spend a lot of time hee and have to write about their surroundings because
it's so different, there are a lot of other cruisers there making news, the locals are
neat, and 11. ... .1 up with things and have time to write.
"In the -1. I I- "Venezuela was one of our favorite places to visit, thanks
to the people, yacht services, land-based travel opportunities, music, volunteer
opportunities, food, rum.... Now, Venezuela has had so many security issues that
some cruisers feel they need to relate their great experience there and maybe drum
up business for their new friends.
"In SVG, we always enjoyed our stops in Union Island and Bequia. Bequia is a
favorite place to visit on the beaten track: pretty island, laid back, some services,
okay anchorage, Rasta produce market. In the French islands there is a great cruis
er hangout in Ste. Anne, Martinique; Les Saintes is unique; and St. Barth's is, well,
St. Barth's. Panama, of course, is all about the canal -leaving the Caribbean (or
the Pacific) and starting on a whole new chapter.
"Our favorite people are in Trinidad. We like the yacht services, diversity, culture,
natural wonders, things to do and see and eat and hear."
Devi Sharp says, "Hunter and I agree that Grenada is number one on our list of
favorite well-traveled places. The island is small ...1, I I get around, there are
buses to take you to places :.. i,, i,.. ., .i hikes, II. I are really friendly and
the crime rate is relatively Ic ..... .11 anchor where I can swim and enjoy a

great breeze (Hog Island).
"I also really like Trinidad a lot -I love the Trinis, Jesse James (taxi service)
always makes it feel like you are coming home, the food is excellent, the music is
great. I enjoy anchoring at TTSA (the Trinidad & Tobago Sailing Association) -it is
very sociable, international and inexpensive. There is a lot not to like, but you know
what those things are."
For those who don't know what's not to like in T&T, Eddy Huybs shares his expe
rience: "I've been three times to Tobago and four times to Trinidad, and I have made
myself a holy promise never to go back there -the Customs and Immigration offi

St. George's. As Liesbet Collaert notes, when cruisers linger in Grenada they 'have
plenty of time to explore and submerge themselves in the culture and sights and
write about them'
cials have just played one time too many with my balls. Tobago is a beautiful island
with nice people, but last time I was there the authorities messed it up for me, and
that gives a bad feeling for the whole area. Over the years I have read many stories
in Compass about people who 'fall in love' with T&T, but once they get tortured by
Customs .. I i 1 ...... .1. they have a different view."
Eddy ad .. .. I was a long time in my top three favorite places, and in
seven years I spent almost three years in Margarita. But it has fallen out. Now, with
the prices going up all the time and crime rising, Margarita has lost its attraction
for me.
"Now my top three islands are Grenada, Dominica and Curacao. Dominica is a
simple island; I spent months there. I always thought of Dominica as an island that
does not -h.;n.- if--u come back one year later, its all the same. Curacao is a
friendly, I I island, not cheap, not expensive. But if I ever retire from
sailing, Panama is my number-one place to retire. Glenda and I recently spent five
months there, and it is the place to be!"
-ontinued on next page

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Continuedfrom previous page
Parts of Venezuela get special praise. Devi Sharp writes: "What is our favorite less
traveled Caribbean destination, and why? Hunter and I both picked the Macareo River,
and you really can't call it Venezuela. I love it that the Wareo Indians call the Spanish
language Venezuelan': 'Hablas Venezuela?' We really enjoy the Wareo Indians and the
interaction. We both really like rivers. I love not being seasick and having fresh (albeit
muddy) water. You wake to monkeys and parrots, have dinner watching river dolphins,
and spend the day "Fl-rin- the side creeks in your dinghy."
Michael Rosner a I I I the most beautiful islands I have seen, I must say that
I like the Venezuelan islands the best, with Blanquilla being my personal paradise.

We are presently visiting the San Blas in Panama and will be here for the next six
months. These islands are beautiful, but at times of the year incredibly crowded, like
the Tobago Cays in SVG. We have wanted to return to the French islands often but
have not been able to do so."
Ann Westergard, now cruising on the Valiant 40 Galivant and currently in Honduras,
highlights a favorite among the bestk-- -r;;u Tk : destinations: "I like Martinique.
Its more 'exotic' than the others, has E .. .. I ... .. I I .. .... 1 big enough
to have a culture of its own, cosmopolitan .. i .. i II ...
Ii. I. I ,i i1.- in: "A vote for a popular destination? Carriacou has to be up
i i i i .... and friendliness."
Liesbet says, "Our favorite well-traveled Caribbean countries are the BVI and SVG
for the same reasons: lots of sailing and -n-i-h-ri;; possibilities with nice beaches
and good snorkeling. If we have to pick or. I 1I. two, we choose SVG (Mayreau
is our favorite island there) because of the smaller amount of mooring balls and

charter boats, and the proximity of rcf;;- -.in ri h-rri-n- ison. After being in
the Eastern Caribbean for two years, I' .. .I ... to have guests visit
us are St. Maarten and Grenada. The airports are within easy reach and they both
have a lot of places to anchor and sights to see. Grenada has its wonderful interior

Above: St. Lucia, 'where many newbies arrive and all in love with the Caribbean'.
This is Mangot Bay
Left: The Virgin Islands are appreciated for 'lots of sailing and anchoring possibilities
with nice beaches and good snorkeling'. This is Christiansted, St. Croix

and nice beaches, and snorkeling at Ile de Ronde and Carriacou. St. Maarten has its
two cultures, and its close neighbors Anguilla and St. Barth's to add to the stops on
the French side." She notes, "It is always hard to talk about favorites, because coun
tries are favorites for different reasons.
Devi Sharp agrees with Liesbet that it's hard to choose. "Okay, I have to say this,
so you understand Hunter and me and why it is a bit difficult to pick favorites.
Hunter grew up in a military family and when asked about her favorite place his
mother always said, 'Where I am, of course'. That might have been the best nugget
of information a mother-in-law could give a 1 .... 1 ... 1 mrir- n a man who
worked for the US National Parks Service. W( ... i I i. p;.. I . leaving Big
Bend National Park, and I always made it a point to like where I was, to be present
and not look back. Having said that, of course I do have favorite islands and favorite
parks, but I do make a point to try to like each place for what it has to offer."
Michelle sums up the cruisers' dilemma: "I'm so terribl- -t 1--l1ri-n a 'favorite'.
What can I say? I just love the Caribbean and I just love I.-
Many thanks to the cruisers who contributed to this article.



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the islanders spend their afternoons at home. At 3:00PM, the island awakens once
more and by evening the restaurants, offering seafood specials of the fishermen's
catch of the day, hum with activity.
Follow any road beyond the village of Le Bourg and you will end up at some
lovely spot, be it a beach, hilltop vista or historical landmark. The Iles des Saintes
are rich in history and culture and one of our must-see landmarks is Fort Napoleon,
sitting 100 metres above sea level, overlooking Guadeloupe. The fort has been
r-t-- 1 1- -;-i of young volunteers who have converted it to an excellent his
t ... i ........... the area. On our first visit to Fort Napoleon, we got a lazy start
t -,

i, "i. Ic I I LLa. I-

1 -:.k Dave and me, "Which island is your favorite?"
.... i we respond, "That all depends." How can we
I tween so many beautiful tropical paradises?

along the West Indies, there is one lat/
long that we just can't bring ourselves to
pass by without making a turn and drop
ping Daniell Storey's hook: 16' 52"N 61'
37'W les Iles des Saintes. If God were
to scoop up a smidgeon of rural France
and plop it in the Caribbean Sea, that
would describe Terre de Haut. From the
.. water, the view of the village Le Bourg is
luscious eye candy with its well kept sea
side restaurants, a pretty church steeple
in the town center, and clusters of crime
S son lemon and mango colored tile roofs

Awakening there I enjoy -.iis in the
cockpit while i .T.." my ',' cup of
Santo Domin gc and enjoying the
quietness. Most mornings, almost on cue,
ma an isolated rain cloud parades through
the channel between us and the big
A Queen angelfish spotted island six miles to our north, releasing
while snorkeling in the islands' lee thick sheets of rain that completely
obscure that island. As I watch its prog
ress, the rain cloud eventually empties itself and, like parting theatre curtains,
reveals the verdant peaks of Guadeloupe.
The pace in the quintessentially French village of Le Bourg ranges from sleepy to
lively. Early mornings, the streets fill with children, the --n-p t c ---~irei- d by
their mothers as they walk to school. The local boulang~ 1,11- 11. .... I the
aroma of freshly baked baguettes. The baguettes bake in a tiered trolley accommo
dating about 30 loaves and even with that capacity, one will often see clusters of
people lounging about keeping one eye on the countdown timer waiting for the next
batch to come out of the oven. These are arguably some of the best baguettes in the
islands. Also early in the morning you will find some of the local fishermen selling
their catch, including mouthwatering tuna and mahi mahi. Locals quickly queue up
to make their purchases. There is a lot of laughter and chatter between the fisher
man and his customers as he cuts the fish to order.
Saturday is market day in Le Bourg. The streets come alive with islanders selling
a variety of freshly baked feuilletes: flaky pastry filled with fish, meat or crab. A few
vendors come from Guadeloupe to sell fresh produce. The fishermen gather around
their boats, repairing nets, sharing fish stories and the latest news. Children pass
up and down the streets on their bicycles and it's not unusual to see someone on a
bike balancing four or more baguettes on their handlebar. Homes are painted stark
white, accented by ...1i.i colored trims and shutters in every cheerful hue. You
might see a woman, I. .... I ..i.i I ....I I .i. leaning out her streetside
window chatting with a pass -I .1... I ... ....... II bustles, but on this island
hot means stop and by noon the streets empty out, most shops close their doors and


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Below: A typical Saintoise home

. . .., -_ --- -

our walk up the steep road to the summit. We arrived at the fort entrance at ten
minutes past noon, only to find out that the fort closes at noon. Dismayed but not
deterred, we repeated the second most strenuous walk on Terre de Haut much
earlier the next morning.
Continued on next page

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-ontinued from previous page
At the museum entrance we were given a guide to the perimeter walk through a
well-tended botanical garden featuring many exotic cacti and succulents. The views
all around are spectacular. The museum houses a rich collection of maritime,
military and cultural history, artifacts and artwork. Although no shots were ever
fired from Fort Napoleon, it overlooks the site of the April 12th, 1782 Battle of the
Saintes between the British and the French. One hall of the museum houses a
detailed history of this decisive battle, complete with miniature replicas of some of

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will take the road to the left, passing a farm where :- p.t .* penned. Take the first
road to the right, which runs along the perimeter I Ii.. I ..... The lies des Saintes
are well signposted and you will find signage here to direct you. The road works its
way up the slopes, past well-tended properties including some charming chambres
a louer (rooms to rent) and villas. Eventually, you will arrive at the signed road for
the entrance to Le Chameau, a switchback on your left. This is a designated park
area and motorized vehicles are forbidden, so footin' it is the only way to get to the
top. (As a side note, if you were to continue on the main road, it would take you past
Le Pain De Sucre on to the beach at Petite Anse).
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ing many spectacular birds eye views of
Terre de Haut and the surrounding
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-ontinuedfrom previous page

Above: On Saturdays, don't miss the morning market

Right: Afisherman scales his catch of the day: red snapper

The following season we repeated the hike and this time, will. .'.. I teeth and
white knuckles, I made my way onto the rooftop where I, too, i' I .*'d "aahed".
Stooping, I peered through the well-preserved musket slats which framed the imag
es below. From this vantage point, we could easily see the all points of Terre-de
Haut, its many beaches, bays, and the airstrip nestled in a narrow valley between
two hills.
The most visited and picturesque beach on Terre-de-Haut is Plage de Pompierre on
the windward side. A short distance before the beach, a local resident serves up a
tasty daily barbecue along with cold beverages, something we've appreciated because
the walk here can be hot. Palm and almond trees line the sandy beach, providing
comfortable respite from the sun. We enjoy walking the stretch of beach to the dra
matic cliffs of the rugged islets that wrap around the bay, protecting it. We've snor
keled this bay, as well as Baie de Marigot, but have been disappointed, as conditions
can be unpredictable with swells stirring up the bottom, limiting visibility.
A quieter beach which we enjoy walking is Grande Anse, also located on the wind
ward side at the end of the aii .i '...... - I .. 1 i is unprotected from
wind and sea; however, itsa .. i .i..i -i i i II i i ,,. i solitude. Two roads
lead to this beach from town ,, 1 i,,, i 11 -I1 j. -1 I .-1 11. police station. The
second is just south of town and takes you on the high side of the airport. I'm partial
to this second route because I enjoy watching the planes approach the airport
through the narrow gap between hills. This upper road leads to a more obscure,
quiet corner of the island beyond Grande Anse beach, which is worth ----;l 1 ;t
One other favorite walk of mine is along the waterfront road north oul i i i .. .
Follow the signs for Plage de 1'Anse Mire. This route takes you down a narrow stair
case bordered by ... .... .11 small villas and shops. Right near this junction, at
60 Rue Jean Calo, II ign for The Art Studio, where Maurice is the artist in
residence. The studio sits high above the road and you need to climb a number of
steps to reach it. The day we stopped here we had just returned, hot and tired, from
Fort Napoleon with friends Jake and Carol (S/V Offline). Jake, an artist himself, was
intent on climbing the stairs up to The Art Studio. The rest of us opted to wait for

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him in the shade of the tree below. We waited, and waited, and waited. Finally, when
we were just about to cast lots on who would climb the steps to retrieve Jake, he
reappeared with two small paintings in hand. Jake proceeded to share with us the
tale of his visit with Maurice:
"The old painter, Maurice: 'You are the first person to visit me in three weeks. I
don't go into town to sell my work anymore. I drink too much and spend it before I

get home. Welcome.' He says to me, 'You want rum, wine or coffee? 'Rhum, mon
sieur, d'accord,' I say. He makes a 'ti punch, short for petit punch: a shot of white
rum, cane syrup and lime with a special little spoon to stir it. I sip it and we talk. He
tells me I can rent a studio for 20 Euro a day. I am tempted but will move on. He
cooks a stew as we talk: plantains, onions, rice, peppers and more. Chickens strut
about. 'I'd have a chicken in this if Blackie (his cat) would get me one,' he snickers.
'I need to get my paintings on the Internet so I can get rich.' I give him a pack of
cigarettes. I buy a painting for 18 Euro. He gives me another one. I look at another
painting of a Rasta. I ask, 'Who is that?' Maurice says. 'He almost killed me one
night.' 'But you painted him?' 'Yes,' he says."
According to Maurice, not too many people venture up the steps to his studio, but
if you're one of the more adventurous, he will greet you with true island hospitality.
The water on the lee side of Iles des Saintes is clear and offers a number of great
snorkeling spots. We've seen a diverse selection of marine fish including Queen and
French angels, puffers, porcupine fish, lobsters and eels on the small reef extending
f ... i ii . I 11. .1 ., sport club. We've also enjoyed snorkeling Pain
cI -. I I . I I I .I ... I ..- Sous le Vent off Ilet--Cabrit.
A recent piece of good news for crui .- 11, 1 ..... ocess on Iles des Saintes
has been updated and computerized. .... . ,,. I I i i minutes for your papers
to get faxed to Guadeloupe for clearance, although we'd always put that wait time to
good use enjoying a fresh croissant du chocolate and coffee at the local patisserie.
If your time in the Iles des Saintes is limited, you can rent a motor scooter and
whisk your way to all points in a matter of a day. However, I think that would be like
trying to see all of New York's Metropolitan Art Museum in three hours: you get so
little out of so much. My experience is that the Iles des Saintes are best savored like
a fine wine in order to appreciate all they have to offer.

* New criroricrnntoIIlv fird.lv hulouot
* 50-ton hoist, 18ft beam, 8ft draft
* Water
* Do it yourself or labour available Tel/Fax: 473.443.8175
* Mini Marina VHF: 16 tbyh@usa.net
* Chandlery www.carriacouboatyard.com

Part IV:


From Jamaica, Going North, West or South
One of the : -1 ... .. .1 .. .. ..-..... i island of Jamaica is that when it comes
time to depart .' I' .. I I -.ii. I to continue on to so many more really
great cruising areas.
As Jimmy Cornell
Points out in his indis
',, r 5 pensable World
SCruising Routes, from
'I Jamaica you can eas
-.. ily go north through
o the Windward Passage
to the Bahamas and
S- on to the east coasts
0 of the United States
V and Canada. Or you
can go northwest and
S' access Cuba.
H If you sail west you
:. can go to the Cayman
Islands and/or the
i ... Bay Islands of
S. / Honduras. Thereafter
*a. one can easily make
and then head north
to Belize and Mexico.
To the south of Jamaica are Colombia, the San Bias Islands and the Colombian
islands of Providencia and San Andres off of the east coast of Nicaragua.
Colombia is a safe area to cruise and Cartagena is an extraordinary stop and well
worth the visit. We can cruise the coast of Colombia, taking advantage of the
tradewinds and the westerly current until we make the San Bias Islands.
The San Bias Islands are a taste of the Pacific in the Caribbean Sea. This archi
1 f i.1 1-- while part of Panama, is operated independently and its culture is
i11 i i' ... the other Caribbean cultures. The inhabitants are Native
Americans. They have their own language and you will be hard pressed to believe you
are still cruising the Caribbean.
From the San Bias Islands to the west, II I1. I .. ... .. the Colombian
islands of San Andres and Providencia; .II. .- .. I ... citing stop (see
article on Providencia in the September 2010 issue of Caribbean Compass).
The Western Caribbean is remote. You will find it different in many respects from
the Eastern Caribbean. Many of the countries you will visit have a larger landmass
than the Eastern Caribbean Islands. They are "mainland" countries and the cul
tures -from music to food to manners -are markedly different from those of the
Eastern Caribbean.
From Jamaica, Going East
For those that do not want to continue west, north or south from Jamaica, the trip
east is against wind and current.
The best way to go east is by using the katabatic winds of Jamaica and Hispaniola
to make the trip between the two islands at night in what are usually very light winds
(except early in the tradewind season when the wind is above 20 knots during the
day, or when a northerr" is blowing). Once to the coast of Hispaniola, one can transit
i. ..i ,, ., ,, .. he island's lee from the west to the east and arrive at Isla Saona
i i' -i ,i I Dominican Republic. This island is south of the Mona Passage
and, again with the use of katabatic winds that come from the mountains of the DR
as well as the same winds from the mountains of Puerto Rico, one can make eating
along the south shore of Puerto Rico at night relatively easily all the way to the
Spanish Virgins and the Virgin Islands.
Getting Out of 'the Hole'
The Caribbean Sea is not a small sea and should be taken seriously. Roughly mea
sured it is 1,800 miles from east to west and 700 miles from north to south. The
feistiest seas are often found in the southwest corner, in the area of Colombia and
west of Colombia. Here seas can easily exceed ten feet in normal tradewind condi
tons. This is because of the fetch an open sea distance of more than 1,200 miles
from the Eastern Caribbean islands to Panama.
Many mariners have simply given up while trying to beat eastward from any point
west of Colombia. The largest seas in the Caribbean will be on your nose, as well as
unabated tradewinds and an adverse current.
The greatest protection is afforded by Cuba and Hispaniola, off their respective
south coasts, which provide protection against the Atlantic Ocean as well as winds
from the north and northeast. Therefore, while it is not readily apparent, the best
strategy to get out of the southwestern "hole" is to go north before heading east. If
you are headed to the southeastern part of the Lesser Antilles, such a strategy
requires double the sea miles. However, the difference in conditions is so significant
as to make the extra miles well worth the effort.
Si ,, I,. n how far west you are, the best route is often to head for the eastern
...... at Port Morant. The harbor is delightful and very safe. There is a coast
guard station there, as well as clearance facilities. Then proceed eastward using the
same strategy as noted above, utilizing the katabatic winds along the south coasts
of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico to your advantage.
In Conclusion
This series of articles started with a discussion of the definition of "the Caribbean".
Hopefully, for those of us who have sailed or plan to sail only on the "beaten track"
from the Virgin Islands to Grenada, it is now apparent that "the Caribbean" is some
thing much larger than originally thought. In an area of more than a million square
miles the Caribbean Sea has more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs and cays. One
could cruise the Caribbean -the whole Caribbean -for an entire lifetime and per
haps never cover it all.
Frank Virgintino is the author of Free Cruising Guides (wwwfreecruisingguide.com).

make your f, tt-r and more comfortable. The table below, courtesy Don
Street, autn i -1. I -. Guides and compiler of Imray-lolaire charts, which
shows the time of the meridian passage (or zenith) of the moon for this AND next
month, will help you calculate the tides.
Water, Don explain. .. .1 tries to run toward the moon. The tide starts
running to the east .. .11 .oonrise, continues to run east until about an
hour after the moon reaches its zenith (see TIME below) and then runs westward.
From just after the moon's setting to just after its nadir, the tide runs eastward;
and from just after its nadir to soon after its rising, the tide runs westward; i.e.
tide the floods from west to east. Tim fi--n Ir" local.
Note: the maximum tide is 3 or 4 i ,11 I1' new and full moons.
For more information, see "Tides and Currents" on the back of all Imray Iolaire
charts. Fair tides!

December 2010
1 0755
2 0847
3 0941
4 1038
5 1136 (new)
6 1233
7 1329
8 1423
9 1509
10 1555
11 1637
12 1718
13 1758
14 1839
15 1921
16 2006
17 2054
18 2145
19 2240
20 2338

0000 (full)

January 2011
1 0925
2 1022
3 1118
4 1211
5 1301
6 1346 (new)
7 1432
8 1513

9 1554
10 1654
11 1715
12 1758
13 1844
14 1933
15 2025
16 2121
17 2219
18 2318
19 0000 (full)
20 0015
21 0111
22 0204
23 0256
24 0348
25 0439
26 0532
27 0626
28 0721
29 0817
30 0912
31 1005





3 Haa.i HAITI



p Jamaica JAMAICA






Boca Chica, Dominican Republic

Cruising the

Eastern Caribbean

with Your Dog


by Liesbet Collaert

With the following overview I will try to inform you about the check-in procedures
for your dog in the Eastern Caribbean islands. Last month we looked at the Virgin
Islands and the Leewards. This month we'll continue southward. This information is
based on correspondence with government officials and agriculture departments,
on-line regulations and our own experience I i. .. .. ... i a about what cruise
ingthe( i .. I i i .. . .. I .- .. I. i 1 11 11 ... .i things easier when
checking. 1 1 ..... I . 1. I I i ,,,,.-. go as planned or expected will always

'T, *1 ,


be a surprise. I cannot guarantee that you will receive the same treatment, fees or
information as we did. This is the Caribbean after all!
St. Lucia
Contact: Dr. Auria King-Cenac, Dr. Sharmine Melville
E-mail: ......1... .1. ... sharmsmelv2@hotmail.com
Phone: ...... ..I I -1. (758) 468-5621 or 468-5623
Cell phone, Dr. Melville: (758) 460-6889
Fax: (758) 450 4581
Website: www.slumaffe.org (Veterinary and Livestock link)
Requirements: Microchip, Rabies Certificate (<1 year), Titer Certificate (<2 years),
DHCCP Certificate, treatment for parasites, Health Certificate
Procedure: Fill out the application form for an import permit (available on-line) and
e-mail or fax itto 11'. .... Departm( I i 1' 'il. I -.i. .alth records
and an expected i.i i .... i current *ti I ,I i *I thecountry


[i %1 1 R III\ 141144 11 N % 4 1111,N1
'" ~ J,-

previously visited) is required upon arrival. When arriving in St. Lucia, check in with
Customs, Immigration and the Port Office (all in the same room in Rodney Bay) and
call the vet office to arrange a time for one of the vets to come and inspect the dog,
scan the microchip, bring a permit and collect the fee. The dog is NOT allowed
onshore without a permit.
Fee: US$18 (EC$45) when applying for a permit ahead of time (preferred); or US$26
(EC$65) when applying for the permit upon arrival (requires two visits of the vet)
Experience: The e-mail address available on-line has been having problems for a
year, but the private e-mail addresses above will get a conversation going. Checking
S 1- i-t- @. t i-;; is straightforward and easy in Rodney Bay. Either you or the
I. ... .... 11 the Agriculture Department to set up a meeting with the vet.
He will come to the marina/dock.

i -rn s-

Above: Cruisin' and snoozin' boat dog Darwin aboard Irie
Left: The author and Darwin beachcombing in the Tobago Cays

Remarks: The best place to arrive in St. Lucia is Rodney Bay, where the process
has been done by other cruisers many times before, Customs can help with the
phone number or a phone call, and the vet office is not too far away (towards
Castries). Our experience in Soufriere was expensive and unprofessional. It is
advised to keep the permit with you each time you take your dog to shore. We have
been asked for it by an Immigration official walking around the Rodney Bay Marina
area. Allowing foreign dogs into the country is a relatively new development in St.
Lucia, so locals might ask you whether your dog is cleared in or wrongly tell you that
he/she is not allowed in their country.
St. Vincent & the Grenadines
Contact: Dr. Glasgow or Dr. Hackshaw
E-m ail: ........ .ii. i .... i
Phone: ..... .. *n. i i "i -, _, or 457-2452
Cell phone, Dr. Glasgow: (784) 493-0575
Fax: (784) 457-1688
Website: www.gov.vc
Requirements: Microchip, Rabies Certificate, Titer Certificate, DHCCP Certificate,
Government Issued Export Health Certificate (important!), treatment for parasites
Procedure: Contact the vet department to obtain an application for an import permit
Fax or e-mail the application with the dog's health records and an estimated date of
arrival. Obtain a Government Issued Health Certificate from the rabies-free country you
...1.. ... i i. . i 1 .... 1, T. u will have to take your dog to
h 1 I ..... I,, .1 I I .. ii i . .. I orprivate transportation). Sail
to the south coast of St. Vincent, and anchor or pick up a mooring at Young Island Cut
Continued on next page

* High Quality Sheltered Moorings Showers, Laundry, Restaurant, 24 hr security
*Slips to 120' with depth 10' Immigration office in the marina for clearance
*70 Ton Travelift (30 beam) Free WIFI and Free Internet
*ABYC certified mechanics Dinghy Dock
*Shore power 30, 50 and 100 amps 12 miles East of Santo Domingo
* All slips with fingers & 7 miles East of International Airport

-ontinued from previous page
Forty-eight hours notice of arrival must be given. Once in Young Island Cut or another
anchorage close by (such as Blue Lagoon), call the vet department to set up an appoint
ment Meet the vet at the Young Island ferry dock, where she will inspect the dog and
paperwork and issue the import permit. The permit is valid for three months. Continue
somewhere else (Bequia, for example) to check yourself and the boat in.
Fee: Free from Monday to Friday before 4:00PM
Experience: After trying to figure all this out for months and skipping the area
twice, we were persistent and managed to visit SVG with our dog, which is possible
but hard. We had everything in order to arrive from Martinique, only to learn (after
tons of unanswered e-mail inquiries and one final phone call that got through) that
this was impossible. The Government Health Certificate has to be issued in a rabies
free country, which basically only leaves St. Lucia as "previously visited country".
Dogs coming from Grenada with all the required documents have been denied

It is Paradise Paradise Beach on Carriacou

(Grenada is not rabies free). Once we got in touch with the department and got the
I... 1. ..1i .11 .. -..oothly from the moment we met the vet on shore. Dr.
i -. - .-.... i ,- .. Ih. efficient and professional to deal with.
Remarks: The e-mail address is known to have problems, so to save a lot of frustra
tion, --n;n;; niTht be the better plan. The information available about importing a
dog ir. .1 that the dog first has to fly to the UK, await quarantine and then
be transported to SVG by plane. The government of SVG has recently become more
lenient with their rules because of .....- .... to visit with their dogs. Be aware
that not everybody knows about .. ...I -" for cruisers. You will be ques
tioned (and directed to "put your dog back on the yacht") by officials and locals in
bigger towns where you walk your pet. It is recommended that you always carry your
import permit with you. Even though the actual import permit and inspection are
free, the cost= -f 1--l-;; everybody into a rabies-free country prior to arriving in
SVG (not a i I ... .1 I .. planned on visiting this island anyway), obtaining an
Export Health Certificate and making the necessary phone calls to St. Vincent to
make the whole process work, can add up.




Come in and see us

for all your SAILS & CANVAS needs
including CUSTOM-MADE stainless steel

BIMINI & DODGER frames at competitive prices

Located opposite G.Y.E.
(northern side of Admiralty Bay) REPRESENTATIVE

Tel (784) 457-3507 / 457-3527 (evenings)
e-mail: gsails@vincysurf.com VHF Ch16/68

Contact: Ministry of Agriculture
E-mail: ..i.. I thia 212@hotmail.com
Phone: I- 1 1.. -' 140-3078 or 440-3083
Fax: (473) 440-4191
Website: www.gov.gd/ministries/agriculture.html
Procedure: Ask for import permit by e-mail and get this faxed or e-mailed to you.
Fee: Free
Experience: When checking into Grenada, pets have to be declared on the Customs
form, but no questions are asked. It is recommended that you have the dog's paper
work on board and that you act responsibly.
Remarks: No response was received when using the government e-mail address.
Use the personal e-mail address instead, or better yet, phone.
Trinidad & Tobago
Contact: Animal Health
E-mail: aphmalmr@tstt.net.tt
Phone: (868) 625-5997 or 625-1473
Fax: (868) 625-5993
Website: www.agriculture.gov.tt
Procedure: Every pet to officially be landed in Trinidad requires one to six months'
quarantine, unless coming from a rabies-free country where he/she resided for at
least six months.
Fee: US$3 (TT$20) per day for a 30-day quarantine
US$1.50 (TT$10) per day for a six-month quarantine
US$1.50 (TT$10) for the landing fee
Remarks: When checking into the country, your dog has to be declared and paper
work presented. Then he/she has to remain on the boat, which counts as quarantine.
Contact: Dr. Rosina Maitland
E-mail: vo@caribsurf.com, vetservices@caribsurf.com
Phone: (246) 427-5073 or 427-5492
Fax: (246) 429-2143
Website: http://agriculture.gov.bb
Requirements: Dog has to be imported directly from the United Kingdom, Ireland,
Australia or New Zealand OR must have been living continuously for six months in
Antigua & Barbuda, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, St. Lucia or
Jamaica prior to entering Barbados.
Procedure: Complete an application form (available on-l. 1 i th- f thi-
days notice of the dog's expected arrival date, along with t. ... -1 '. .1. .. I .... .
import permit number, name, address and contact information pet owner and name
and information customs broker.
Fee: US$12.50 (BDS$25) permit fee
US$30 (BDS$60) landing fee
Other Useful Information
www. petfriendlytravel. com
In conclusion, it is a good idea to stay up to date with the rabies and DHCCP shots
and have current health and vaccination records for your dog. Together with a
proper way of identification (microchip), this mostly covers your pet's requirements
for the Eastern Caribbean islands. Import permits are generally valid for one month.
Please note that certain aggressive breeds are not allowed in some islands.
The overview is based on a dog coming from a country where rabies exists or after
a brief stay in a rabies-free country. If your dog was stationed for over six months in
a rabies-free country before (non-stop) arriving in another rabies-free country, every
thing is much easier.
Declaring your dog the "right" way will, of course, require more effort, hassle,
i-l.;.;nn. and money than just n-.1--in: him/her ashore for some quick walks or
I......... him/her on board. : I. -pective island governments make it easy,
straightforward and affordable for pet owners to abide by the rules, however, check
ing a pet into the country would be no issue and all cruising dogs could enjoy
unlimited sniffs in the countryside and super long beach walks without questions
asked or nervous looks over the shoulder. Here's to happy sailing and exploring for
our furry companions!
Liesbet Collaert is a freelance writer who lives and cruises on S/V Irie with her
partner, Mark, and their dog, Darwin. For more stories and pictures, check out their
website www.itsirie.com.

Tel: (599) 544 6231
Fax: (599) 644 6044

Email: Infostmaartensails.com
Cole Bay St Maarten
-opposle Ilnd Waer World

Since arriving in the Caribbean 27 years ago, the author has often found it necessary
to make do and improvise: I decided to build my own self steering system'


Custom Self-Steering,

Caribbean Style
by Dudley Campling

I don't know how many miles I have steered my various yachts but I do know that
steering a boat, with either a tiller or a wheel, is a very tiring occupation.
Cap Hornwas a 1933 Brittany cutter, six-and-a-half metres (21 feet four inches) long
and one metre thirty (four feet three inches) across the beam. She was built with a
Marconi rig, f- t;;-in --- high mast that needed a boomkin to hold the backstay
owing to the ... I 1. .. Because of this, it was well-nigh impossible to fit any
kind of self steering device on the stern. It was also impractical to fit an electrical
autopilot, since there was .- ,-,; to charge the batteries. When I bought the boat,
she had no bowsprit .... I had had a little more experience, I would have
realized that the little slot cut into the front of the Samson post, and the inverted
U-shaped bracket on the stem, were intended for the support of that particular spar.
She came equipped with a gigantic red genoa that swept the deck and reached
back to the middle of the cabintop. Tacking without winches was interesting: if you
didn't i ..11 i.. .... 1. .i was necessary to luff up to get more sail in.
The:, I' ... I ..'' Flo and I took was from St. Tropez to Majorca. An amaz
ing amount of weather helm was produced by that giant red genny that ought to have
been about three feet farther forward, but alas, there was no stick to put it out there.
It was expedient to loop one leg over the tiller and firmly grip the ankle in order to
keep from diving into the wind. "Fool," you say, and yes it's true, but then, isn't
anyone who leaves their nice cozy life something of a fool?
It took us seven days to complete that trip, and we had to steer the whole way, two
hours on, two off. Needless to say, we were very tired by the time we made landfall.
It took a few more trips like that until we discovered that a boat steers easier when
the sails are balanced. Reading the Hiscocks' books did a lot for my knowledge of the

Ad' I C

and we already had a stays'l. We had to fit running backstays to cope with the
stresses caused by the stays'll

-ontinued on next page


Doyle Sail Loft & Canvas Shop Raymarine Electronics Refrigeration Work
Mechanical & Electrical Repairs Fibreglass Repairs Laundry
Vehicle Rentals Showers Air Travel
Ice & Water Diesel & Propane Moorings
Island Tours Surftech Surf Shop Hotel Reservations
Quiksilver Surf Wear Restaurant & Bar Boutique
t On-site Accommodation Wi-Fi / Internet Cafe Book Exchange
SiPO Box 39, Blue Lagoon, St Vincent, West Indies
Si Tel. 1-784-456-9526 / 9334 / 9144 Fax. 1-784-456-9238
barebum@vincysurf. com www. barefootyachts.com


-ontinuedfrom previous page
Rigged like this, we were able to leave the Mediterranean and head for the Canary
Islands. Cap Horn would steer herself on any course where the wind was forward of
the mast, just by balancing the sails (lots of messing around with the various strings
involved). We found that if the wind was abeam or on the quarter, it was necessary
to get a bit more
involved in the string
...- and elastic. We would
slightly back the stays'l,
and run the sheet to
windward via a block
and thence to the tiller.
To leeward, we attached
a bungee cord between
the tiller and the cock
pit coming.
At this point, we could
navigate after a fashion
and managed to dis
cover the Canary

reckoning and rumour.
During the six months
we spent in Tenerife, I
learned celestial navi
.n .. gation from a real sailor
..and built two poles for
our downwind trip to
the Caribbean. In prin
ciple, the downwind rig
performed miraculous
ly. It involved two high
Above: Popeye' at work underway
Near right: I used a Morse control cable to transfer the power from the wind vane
to the trim tab'
Far right: Lead for the counterweight was melted over afire
on the beach and molded in an old tuna can
cut jibs, flying from the base of the mast with a two foot space between them at the
foot. The two poles were .. I .... I .11 .11 uphauls. The sheets for the two jibs
went through rings on I 1 ,,I ,. I- I les, then back to the tiller via snatch
blocks on the rail. The poles were allowed to go forward until they were at about 45
degrees to each other before being attached to the tiller.
It was very satisfying to seethe tiller twitch when .. it .,, i .,, i i
pushed the stern overas she started to surf, and pul I I I .. ... I I I ii.
trees, hummingbirds and iguanas.
The same rig allowed us to steer a little off the wind if we changed the angle of the
poles in relation to the hull by lengthening the appropriate sheet. Unfortunately, our
two sails were too large and not high cut enough. The consequence of this was that,
on on' I .. .. .i1 i.. roll, we dipped the starboard sail in the water. This had the
effect I ,I .. i .. s tanchions and snapping the pole in two.
In tth, .I II 1 I yankee (spitfire jib) to port and the stays'l to starboard, until
rising the two halves of the broken pole. If I were to build ... ii .1 1it again, I would
carry several twins without hanks and of differing sizes I .... I that, even with
unmatched sails, the boat steered perfectly in all kinds of wave and wind conditions.
By the time we reached Antigua we had pretty much mastered the foibles and
nuances of using sails to steer Cap Horn. Even so, I was pretty nervous as we entered
English Harbour under sail and anchored just behind the windjammer Mandalay.
Two years in Antigua was a whole new form of life for us and it was difficult to
break away from there in order to continue our rambles. Sailing south to Bequia, we
stopped in every island and spent at least one night at anchor in each. Cap Horn's
sails steered us most of the time since it seemed as if the wind was always on the
nose in every direction and that was always the best for easy sail balancing.
Cap Horn was great, but not very big to live in, so, it was time for a bigger boat. I
will never forget the sight of Cap Horn beating up from Canouan to Bequia as her
new owner put her through her paces. As he sailed past us, he sat on the cabintop
playing his trumpet and not a hand for the tiller.
Our most recent yacht, Folkloric, is a whole different story. She is made of steel, is
46 feet on deci ... 1 :: : 28 tons, and is a cutter headed ketch with a full length
keel. We have I . I to put some kind of wind powered self steering device
since she has a wide transom.
Now, I am only writing this for those cruisers whose 1 .. 1 I ;- limited and who rely
on skills to solve problems, rather than reaching into I ,I 11 .. empty pocket. If you
have a steel boat, it seems to me to be a pretty good idea to learn to weld. This
acquired skill, plus a welding machine, saves you 50 bucks or so an hour.
Folkloric came equipped with a powerful Neco electronic autopilot. This had to go

since it consumed enough electricity to power a small town while it worked, though
for me, it never really did.
I decided to build my own system. There are several good solutions on the market,
each one being perfect for a certain type of vessel. However, since I have a full-keeled
ketch, my problems of designing an efficient steering system were greatly reduced.
The long keel gives directional stability and the ketch rig is easy to balance by play
ing with the various bits of string.
After studying various types of wind-powered autopilots, I decided that it would be
best to add a secondary rudder to the transom. The primary rudder is very large and
placed a fair way forward. I figured that a secondary rudder, at the transom, could
be a lot smaller and have almost the same effect as the primary. If I added a trim tab
to the back of the second rudder, I wouldn't need much force from a wind vane to
turn the boat. In other words, as the trim tab is very slim, it is easier to turn in the
water, and then hydraulic action turns the secondary rudder in the desired direc

tion. All this time, the primary rudder is used to give a little bit of weather helm, after
the sails are pulling well and balanced. This allows the I-f :t -i~,. to do as little
work as possible; i.e. the 1 .t t 1,--111 1- t t- -
The device itself went ti .. .. ....... i. .i I tinkering.
Lots of mistakes were m:i. I I ., i. -... ... -' i .... 1 .1 I to sloppy
bearings and over-complicated linkages. By the time the message from the wind vane
reached the rudder, it was too late and the boat was doing something else.
The breakthrough finally came when I used a Morse control cable to transfer the
power from the wind vane to the trim tab. This has proved to be very sensitive and
direct, since the only bearings involved are at each cable end.
There are several advantages to this system. The secondary rudder allows the boat
to be manually steered via a short tiller attached to the rudderpost, and the Morse
cable linkage allows the wind vane to be mounted in an optimum position.
Popeye, my self-steerer, is made of scraps of stainless steel and discarded parts.
For instance, the rudder came from an old wind pilot with a bent rudderpost that I
.1. .. .1 .. 1 and sleeved over with a bit cf l- ni- ripe. The pintles on the tran
S... .. 1~ ... an old boat trailer's axles I . I 11, counterweight of the hori
zontally pivoted wind vane originated in an old battery that some stupid person had
dumped in the sea. I rescued it, melted the lead over a fire on the beach and molded
it in an old tuna can. This marvel of technology was bolted to a sawn-off, long stain
: .- fitting from an old stay and welded to the wind vane assembly.
SI.. i .... I that it is often necessary, while in the Caribbean, to make do and
improvise things that would normally be bought from a store, though more recently,
it is possible to get things sent to anywhere in the world, thanks to the internet. I
guess I have a hangover from the time we arrived here in 1983. The roads in St.
Johns, Antigua were mud tracks, populated by chickens, goats and very few cars.
Bequia had even fewer paved roads back then and workshops were mostly like black
smith's shops. It was necessary to be very inventive to keep a boat running.
Those same workshops are still in the Caribbean; some of them are a bit more
sophisticated than others, having lathes and milling machines, etcetera, and if you
cannot weld it is possible to get jobs done in most of the islands for very reasonable
prices. Bequia in the Grenadines is a very surprising place in that you can get virtu
ally anything made there that is related to boats. Beq'; 1.... 1 ; I1' t-; -f boat
building and many of its inhabitants have a working I i. .... ... "
One way or another, it is feasible to construct a working steering device in the
islands, without a huge layout of cash.

To/From TolFrom Toffrom 1
* BEQUIA BEQUIIIA MUTIOLF Prirule J .. arer avarablae i
-CARRIACOU UNION UNION to und from alpoims wihiln Sth


Y ARIES (21 Mar 20 Apr)
While boat business is in irons, pass the time with holly
I i .. This willfreeyou

STAURUS (21 Apr 21 May)
Romance could be a rough beat for the next five weeks
i.i .... i in Scorpio. Keep a good look

GEMINI (22 May 21 Jun)
Spend time at the helm of your business or financial
affairs, but sail on past creative projects as any attempts
there will only foul your bottom and could ruin your holi
day mood.
CANCER 0 (22 Jun 23 Jul)
Ho, ho, ho! A harbor romance will take up most of your
mental energies over the holidays.
Q LEO (24 Jul 23 Aug)
Bah, humbug! This month will be a good one for Leos to
take a solo sail or concentrate on projects aboard that can
be done alone.
p VIRGO (24 Aug 23 Sep)
Mightaswell t .... 1 1. .. 111 .... 1 1
express yourself I .1 ... .... .....
Christmas carols and no one will notice you're not talking.
SLIBRA (24 Sep 23 Oct)
Ste ... 1 I I .,. . 1. .... . Year
and o ... .... .... ,
TUL SCORPIO (24 Oct 22 Nov)
Hello, sailor! Love and lust fill you with passion for the
next five weeks. Enjoy.
SAGITTARIUS (23 Nov 21 Dec)
Concentrate on projects aboard until the 20th, when
you run out of steam and enthusiasm. Dont worry; by
then it will be time to get into the holiday spirit!
6 CAPRICORN (22 Dec 20 Jan)
.......... ., 1 1 until month's end, so if
I,, ., .. .. .. ...i that I vAll
i"u ,, , ,i1. I while, :, to
just listen, as you might learn something new.
^ AQUARIUS (21 Jan 19 Feb)
Steady as she goes. Keep one hand on the business
helm while weathering minor squalls in your love life.
PISCES (20 Feb 20 Mar)
i ~ ~ ~ ,, i , i i ,l I ,

'Twas the night before Christmas, I swung on the hook
Flaked out on the settee, asleep with my book
When up on the deck I heard footsteps and stuff
"I've been boarded!" I thought, and I tried to be tough.

Then down the companionway hatch came a dude;
He was dressed like a nut and I thought, "I'm so screwed,"
But he laughed and he hummed as he surveyed my junk
So I figured he must be the resident drunk.

His eyes were lit up like a junkie on speed
But he gave me a whole bunch of stuff that I need,
Like rum aln i; T.,. : 1 i -I irts and a dinghy '
And some I I II ' i .1i thingy.

I thought it was stolen but I wasn't telling,
I hoped he was giving and wasn't just selling
And I poured him a grog which he downed with a wink
Then I poured one for me (I sure needed a drink!). r i
Then he staggered above to the dark tropic night;
As I peeked I beheld .. ... 1.1 1 -..I -
Eight tiny dolphins ar. i I ,,,1,,1 i I .. I r
And the dude hopped aboard and prepared to make way. r" F i

The dolphins were ready to power the sled ,r
But the guy raised a genny and mains'l instead, .
With a burp and a chuckle he gathered the breeze
And called to the dolphins, now swimming with ease:

"On Fatty and Foxy and Old Barracuda!
On Teva and Mountgay, Antigua, Barbuda! \ .
Or whatever your names are, you cute little fishes,
Here's to every last sailor, my best Christmas wishes!" ---

As he sailed away leaving a wobbly wake
I hoped he had not many stops left to make. /
He got close to shore and he soon was aground J
But the dolphins proceeded to pull him around

And I heard him exclaim as he sailed ,,I .. 1.
"Merry Christmas to all, and to all a i.. ..

Cruiser Claus

Editor's note: We don't know who originally wrote this poem that's been doing the
rounds anonymously for a while, but we've published it a couple of times by popular
d,'mand and it' h-t mm , rrdirinI

the frangipani

hotel, bar & restaurant, bequia
Warm & friendly atmosphere
Spectacular views Quality accommodation
Fine dining Excellent selection of wines

Don't miss our Thursday BBQ &Jump up

PO. Box I BQ, Bequia, t.Vincent & the Grenadines, WI.
Tel: (784) 458-3255 Fax: (784) 458-3824
reservations@frangipanibequia.com www.frangipanibequia.com

N.inc I:i n.'iivccir,

P C-" ., I, .i [ .. I,.

,! .. .


L I -* - 4 -'
i. ". - '* b--- -, i
*4 _1




by Lee Kessell
The Christmas season had arrived. The sun shone down with a yellow brightness
on the small island in the Caribbean where little Petal lived with her old grand
mother. Petal's grandmother was too poor to buy Christmas presents and Petal
understood that. But in her heart she longed for a Christmas tree like the one that
Mistress Jones, who owned the big store on the main road of the village, assembled
every Christmas season where it stood just inside the door. It was a plastic tree with
branches that fitted together but it looked so real that all the children loved it, and
they loved the decorations that went on it.
Petal's grandmother was so bone weary that she didn't go out much, so Petal had
to amuse herself. She loved to wander about and poke her nos- int- -tr-n:- places,
and that is how she stumbled upon the old estate house. The I 1 ..- wasn't
exactly a ruin but because it had been up for sale for a very long time the tiled floors
were cracked and broken and everywhere was dust, dirt and thick cobwebs. It took
a long time for Petal to screw up enough courage to push her way through the weeds
and bushes in the garden and climb through a broken kitchen window. It was so dark
and spooky that Petal almost turned back when something green caught her eye.
Petal hurried over and, sure enough, it was an old plastic Christmas tree! Dirty,
bent, covered in cobwebs, it was a very sorry sight. Petal dragged it to the middle of
ti ii .I I lown upon her heart's dream. In her mind's eye she saw a won
o .... i. I ..I11 decorated, and she determined that this is how it would be.
But first the tree had to be cleaned, and that was no small job for such a little girl.
Petal ran home and the next day she returned with a bag of old rags, a small piece
of kitchen soap and a bottle of water. Every day Petal crept through the broken
kitchen window of the old house and cleaned and cleaned until the old plastic tree
1 1 like a fresh pine tree.
I that, Petal dragged the Christmas tree to the centre of the big sitting room
and using all her might, pulled it upright until it stood on it own red-painted stand.
The next day, Petal looked about for the decorations that must be somewhere and
sure enough, under some old bundles of moldy aprons and caps, she found the
decorations in a box. Petal took them out one by one. They were so dirty she couldn't
tell what they were but when she had carefully cleaned each one, she sat back open
mouthed with wonder. Petal's eyes saw how the crystal ice drops caught the light
and danced like rainbows; real glass balls shone forest green, dark blue, crimson

and yellow; six-pointed stars of silver twinkled like the stars in the :... .1 porce
lain figures of little children were delicately hand painted; songbird- .i, i... glass
tails and shimmering wings looked ready for flight. Although Petal had never seen
animals like these on her tropical island, she thought that little brown deer with
white spots, shy hedgehogs, and brushy-tailed foxes looked ready to leap and play.
As well as all this there were crystal hearts, glass bows like silk ribbons, little lan
terns you could light with a match, and the Christm- an-,l dressed in white silk
with a red velvet shawl around her shoulders and '. i i ..I and blue feathers.
Petal managed to hang these pretty decorations on the branches of the tree and, by

It was a plastic tree

but it looked so real

that all the children loved it

standing on a box, she put the Christmas Angel right on the top where the holy lady
could smile down upon all the animals, birds and porcelain children. Petal wanted
to sit forever and look at her tree, but as the tropical twilight rapidly faded she had
to go home.
The next day was Christmas and after Petal and her grandmother had eaten a
Christmas lunch of good 1.....- L t the neighbours had delivered, Petal left the old
lady to rest while she ran 11 her Christmas tree. Petal was almost too fright
ened to climb through the broken kitchen window in case it had all been a dream,
but the Christmas tree was where she had left it. The little girl hurried towards it
and then she saw, hanging on a branch, a package with her name written on it:
PETAL. She quickly ripped off the gold paper and inside a box was an amethyst heart
attached to a thin gold chain. Petal clipped the gold chain around her small neck
and ran home to show her r--.n-i .
"Look Grandma!" she I I I' Christmas Angel has given me a present
for Christmas!"
At first, Petal's grandmother was doubtful, but Petal told her all about finding the
Christmas tree and how hard she'd worked to make it beautiful again. Then her
grandmother said, "Christmas is a time of miracles, child. You found your heart's
desire, and it looks like the Christmas Angel found you."

What's a Parrot Head? Parrot Head is a commonly used nickname for a fan of sailing
singer/songwriter Jimmy Buffett. Parrot Head clubs often hold 'parties
with a purpose', raising funds for various causes.
In honor of Parrot Heads, Pauline Dolinski has created this puzzle.








During World War II, in January 1942, the High
Command of the German Navy sent a group of U-boats
(submarines) to the Caribbean-rim area and off the
Guianas and northeastern Brazil to start a front there.
The aim was mainly to sink Allied ships bringing vital
oil and aluminum ore from Venezuela, Trinidad and the
Guianas (then British, Dutch and French Guiana).
By the middle of February, five subs were in the
area. Others were to follow. In the first two months of
Operation Neuland, dozens of Allik 1 i, ,.i ,. and
tankers were sent to the bottom. Ii.... i1 i- I mer
chant mariners, including some from the Caribbean
area, lost their lives. This was in the 1.i--:, lanes
where the subs had better chance ol II,,. away,
perhaps by diving deep, from the attacking planes and
patrol vessels that were stationed on Allied bases such
as those in Puerto Rico, Antigua and Trinidad.
Four spectacular attacks on Caribbean harbours
nevertheless took place. They were daring actions. The
submarine commanders took their vessels into con
fined harbours or within range of coastal guns and
patrol craft. There, they torpedoed moored ships.
The first two actions were in the Dutch islands of
Aruba and Curacao, which had important oil refiner
ies. On the night of February 15th, 1942, the skipper

of U 156, Werner Hartenstein, manoeuvered his vessel
on the surface inside a reef in front of San Nicolas
Harbour in Aruba. The town was brilliantly lit, aiding
the attacker. The tankers Pedernales, Orangestad and
Arkansas were sitting ducks. Oil flowed out of their
punctured sides. There was chaos and consternation
ashore. Nobody expected a German submarine to be in
the area, far less in the harbour.
Hartenstein cleverly hid near the fires' smoke. He
seized the opportunity to shell the refinery ashore with
the sub's 105mm deck gun. However, in the excite
ment, as reported in Gaylord Kelshall's useful book






I't \rll .ni- l. IF-1.u

The U Boat War in the Caribbean (to which I am grate
ful for most of the information for this article), the gun
crew forgot to remove the tampon plug in the muzzle.
The resulting explosion killed two crewmembers and
left the barrel splayed out at its front. Unperturbed,
Hartenstein ordered his engineer to hacksaw off 40

. .. I -. ... .. .I I I .

centimetres 11 I .... .. ..... i He managed I
off two rou, 1 ...i compound
-=-~i-;" -it rounds whizzing over the conning tower
I. ... I 1. .I batteries.
In neighboring Curacao, Captain Gunther Muller
Stockheim in U67sank the 3,100-tonne tanker Rafaela
in Willemstad Harbour before heading out to sea
fast. ii .... 1. attack in Aruba a couple hours
earlier 11 i I I in Curacao were more ready.
One of the more important attacks took place in Port
of Spain harbour, Trinidad. This was on the night of
February 18th. Albrecht Achilles, one of the German

SypE IXC 1

Si... .. ...... .

Navy's most wily and skilful submarine skippers, qui
etly steered U161 through the Bocas channel.
It was a daring raid. Achilles came in during the day
I-;t :.; -- - 1 He had to pass within sight, on his
lef i I I ... -I Allied anti-submarine base in the
Caribbean. This was Chaguaramas.
Achilles sneaked the sub into shallow water and let
her sit on the mud bottom in 30 fathoms. This was
midday. Then he waited until nightfall. Above, planes
and surface craft were out searching for him after a
detection device at the Bocas had indicated an
unfriendly vessel. In the confined interior of the 1,200
tonne IXC-type U 161, the air was foul when it was
backed off the mud. It surfaced and the hatches were
opened. Achilles then eased up to the anchorage off
Port of Spain at about midnight. Two torpedoes sped
out and the 7,400-tonne American-registered
Mokihama and the tanker British Consul settled on the
harbour bottom. (Both were later patched up.)
Achilles knew the area well. He had, like many
German submarine commanders, served aboard German
cruise shil- -...i. ...i i an ports before the war
started in] ' ... .... knowledge was to help in
an attack a few days later in another Caribbean port.
I I. I i. i i 155mm guns at the Bocas entrance.
" .. .. i i I,. sub to exit. However, in the dark
ness and heavy boat traffic trying to locate him, Achilles
boldly turned on his navigation lights and trimmed the
sub so that only the conning tower was above the sur
face. The idea was to pretend that the sub was one of
the searching craft. It worked. Then he exited so close
to the island of Chacachacare, on which the 155mm
battery stood, that the watchers didn't see him.
Achilles was nearing the end of his patrol two weeks
later. Fuel and torpedoes were running low. He had
three torpedoes left. Why take them back to Germany?
He was passing Castries Harbour on the island of St.
Lucia. He decided to do the unthinkable: enter the
harbour and sink what he could. This was more diffi
cult than Trinidad.
Continued on next page


(, U^'^W*/


by Elaine Ollivierre

Do you remember where mangroves live? Mangroves live along the shoreline
with different species of mangrove in different 'zones': white mangroves nearest to
land, black mangroves in shallow water and red mangroves in deeper water. All
grow in salt water where the tide washes in and out. Mangrove swamps are also
found at stream and river mouths where fresh water meets salt. How do the
mangrove trees cope with the varying saltiness (salinity) in the water in
which they grow?
Mangroves, like other plants, need water for photosynthesis and for mainte
nance of healthy cells. They take water in at the root through a process called
active transport and, from there, the water can travel to all parts of the plant. If
the water contains too much salt, it will upset the balance of chemicals in the
plant and eventually kill it. So the plant needs some mechanism that will control
the amount of water and salt passing in and out.

Mangroves have two different ways of managing their salt content. Red man I
groves are salt excluders. Their root membranes allow only a tiny percentage of
salt to enter the plant but they allow water to pass through easily. Any salt which
does enter can be stored in cell vacuoles (empty spaces in the plant cells) or it
accumulates in old leaves which eventually drop off the plant.
Black and white mangroves are salt excreters. Salt enters the plant but the
amount is controlled by salt .1 ... 1 at the base of each leaf. The glands excrete
salt on to the surface of the that, if you look carefully, you can see white
salt crystals on the leaf. Rain will wash the salt away.
Can mangroves grow in fresh water too? Yes, they can. They can even be
grown in pots in the g .. I .ii. ... i they do best when the leaves are sprayed
with water every day. I ." -1 I mangrove have specially adapted leaves to
control the amount of water lost from the plant through transpiration. Some have
thick waxy surfaces that help to hold in water. Some can control the opening of
the stomata (tiny holes on the underside of the leaves where water vapour can
exit) while others can turn the leaves to face away from the hot rays of the sun.
By means of all these adaptations, mangroves have successfully made a place
for themselves where no other plants can grow.


Try this experiment to show how salt can affect cell structure.
Cut two equal strips of raw potato. Rest one in a cup of fresh water and one in
a cup of salt water. Leave them for an hour or so. Now observe them carefully.
The strip in fresh water will be hard where water has entered and filled out the
potato cells. The strip in salt water will be bendy where water has been drawn out
of the potato cells because of the salt.

I. --------------------------------- m

continued from previous page
He had to enter the winding entrance to the harbour
and could only turn when he got right in. Tii 1 i i,
didn't know the harbour well, his First ..
Bender did. Like Achilles, he had served on Hamburg
America liners.
In Castries that night, the Canadian cruise liner
Lady Nelson and the 8,000 tonne tanker Umtata set
tiled on the shallow harbour bottom with big holes in
their sides. (Both were later salvaged. The latter was
finally sunk by another submarine in July. The Lady
Nelson cruised the islands with tourists after the war,
until the 1950s I believe, before it was scrapped.)
Castries was ablaze .i. 1.1. I iore the torpedoes
had hit, Achilles order I -1 I I on the sub's two
diesels. Travelling at high speed on the surface
through the entrance, the sub's superstructure was
hit by tracer bullets from shore but apparently no seri
ous damage was done.
The other attack on a Caribbean port was on the
Si. I Harbour in Barbados on September 11th,
Ii was done by Hans Jurgen Auffermann on
U514, a type IXC model like the others.

An old photo of the port of Castries, much as it was
when the Lady Nelson (see photo in sidebar) was
torpedoed at the wharf
Allied authorities, beefing up their security mea
sures, had now installed anti submarine nets across
harbour entrances. The bay outside the I .. I
port, Carlisle Bay, had one. There are ,II i..
accounts of what happened. One is that ,,, .... .....
1 1 i 1- in the net with four torpedoes (unlikely
I -,, i- a waste). Another is that he sent a
spread of four torpedoes, not knowing the net was
there. The fifth and last torpedo struck the Canadian
freighter Cornwallis. It settled on the seabed and was
later repaired.
Some internet sites report that the attack in
Bridgetown took place at 2230 hours but when I spoke
during the 1980s with eyewitnesses including the late
Laurie Hassell, who was a member of the Home Guard,
they reported that it happened around 1630 hours.
Hassell himself went out in patrol craft looking for the
sub. Hassell was the skipper of an inter-island school
ner, the Mona Marie, when it was shelled by a sub on
June 28th, 1942. He and the crew were able to launch
a lifeboat before the shelling, in which they managed
to reach the Grenadine island of Mustique.
The attacks on Caribbean ports had both psycho
logical/propaganda value and military value. They
helped in the overall plan of destruction of shipping
and the tying up of valuable Allied men (there were
more than 30,000 US servicemen stationed in Trinidad

at one time) and equipment in the area that would
have been put to better use in Europe. Exactly 400
Allied ships were sunk and 56 damaged during
Operation Neuland.
But the submarine operation was to fail. Once the
United States opened a front with other Allied nations
in Europe and joined the mighty Soviet Union in the
Allied cause against the German and Italian fascism
and Japanese militarism, the plan was doomed. By
July 1944, Operation Neuland was over. Overall, the
German submarine service took appalling casualties.
Of the total 40,000 sailors who served in 1,162
U-boats of various types during the war, 32,000 lost
their lives. Ninety-seven subs carried out 145 patrols
in the Caribbean theatre. Seventeen were sunk. When
the war ended in 1945, only ten of the 97 were still

afloat. Achilles, Auffermann and Muller-Stockheim
went down with their vessels.
The subs' early offensive took the Allies by surprise.
But defences soon increased. More effective anti-sub
marine measures were put in place. Credit must go to
the courageous Allied servicemen and women man
ning the planes, surface vessels and shore install
tions and doing maintenance. This contributed to the
Allied victory. They were assisted by Caribbean citi
zens including those in the South Caribbean Forces,
among whose members was my Guyanese-born father
stationed in Trinidad. Members of the Home Guard in
the various islands also helped.
The late Norman Faria was a former merchant sea
man on the Geest Line, and served as Honorary
Guyanese Consul in Barbados.

Martlinique's Oide for Sallors

monton 1W
The most extensive information resource on yachting
services, equipment, provisioning. restaurants,
places to see & things to do on and around Martinique.

Giles Hall Survived the w~r

Torpedoing of Lady Nelson

It is the 10th of March, 1942. At about a quarter to
midnight, the stevedores on the docks of Castries
Harbour, St. Lucia are still busy offloading much needed
cargo from the Canadian steam passenger ship Lady 41 --
Nelson. Down below, 18 year old Barbadian crewmember +
Giles Hall was just about to climb a ladder with a pillow
to get back on the aft deck to catch the cool breeze.
Suddenly, he was knocked off his feet by an ear split
ting explosion. The 7,800-tonne liner shuddered as if hit
by a giant hammer. Hall knew what it was: a torpedo from a German submarine that had somehow penetrated
the defences of the harbour. A torpedo had slammed into the port quarter of the British-made steel vessel. Water
was already gushing in. Fires had started in the engine room.
He had to get out. And fast!
1-r 1: ..i-;; onto the deck, he heard th ... 1.1 ., 1....... a Barbadian named "Bizzy" Gall, shouting down the
lal I i 1. down below, come up!" -i .11 I. .i. I Irce of the explosion had somehow shoved the stem
away from the dock. Only the bow lines were holding. The ship was settling by the stern onto the shallow har
bour bottom. ii,,,,.. looked desperate.
"We had to '"... i our lives. Crewmembers, and these included a mix of Canadian seamen and those from
several Caribbean islands and British Guiana, decided to jump over the side away from the docks," related a
still sprightly and unforgetful Hall in an interview at his St. Michael parish Barbadian home last year.
Trouble was, Mr. Hall, despite growing up within walking distance of Carlisle Bay in the Barbadian capital,
Bridgetown, couldn't swim a stroke.
Fortunately, ropes and lifebuoys were tossed into the water near the side of the ship. Hall jumped in. He
distinctly remembers one of the Canadian gunner I(m;;, ;; th-- two four-inch anti-submarine guns installed
on the ship that year) hollering to him, "Swim, y "... i i .1 ,,,,' And hang onto this lifebuoy!" He made it. He
was pulled from the water with the rest.
Mr. Hall, now 85 and still a handsome, articulate man looking 20 years younger, said he did not know how
many people died in the attacks. One internet site says 14 7-n,. -r' ''1 three crewmembers died. Achilles
and all hands on U 161 later perished when the sub was sum I I i ,' September of the following year.
Two weeks after the Castries Harbour attack, Hall and the rest of the Barbadian crew were taken by schooner
back to Barbados. Among them was his father-in-law, Gordon Hall, who worked in the pantry area with him.
The Lady Nelson was later salvaged. In 1943, it was back in service as a hospital ship. In 1953, after return
ing to the cruise liner business in the islands, it was sold tc i i i ... owners and scrapped in 1968. During the
war years (WWII ended in August 1945), Hall signed onto 1. . ;o boats. He served on such Harrison Line
ships as the Governor, Comedian and Planter.
Many times while in convoy with ships in the Atlantic he feared his vessel would be torpedoed. He saw sev
eral being sunk that way. He witnessed the rescue of many merchant seamen. He and his comrades felt sorry
for tI .. ,, i.,,, from the then British colonies in the Caribbean and British Guiana, who lost their lives.
Of i .. -... he had this to say: "On the occasion of Remembrance Day (November 11th) once again, we
must always remember the sacrifice of those in the Allied armed forces who gave their lives. But we must also
remember, and I am not speaking about myself particularly but for all my comrades, the contribution of mer
chant marine seamen, those on the cargo boats. They assisted in the war effort immensely in the sense that
they manned the ships that brought the necessary war materials, food and other necessities."



by Scott Welty

The Planets in December
MERCURY -Slight chance of viewing during the first few days. Setting at about
1800 hours but moving west toward the sun.

VENUS Rising between 0400 and 0430 hours all month. Highest toward the end
of the month.
EARTH Waiting in line for Super Bowl tickets.
MARS -Setting in the early evening at about 1800 hours. May be too light to see.
JUPITER -Up already after dark. Setting around 2300 hours.
SATURN -Rising after midnight all month.
Sky Events This Month
5th -New Moon
6th Moon occults Mars
13th -Mercury and Mars set together 1800 hours
14th -Peak time for the Geminids meteor shower. Look for up to 100 meteors per
hour radiating out from Gemini (see Figure 1).
21st -Full Moon, Winter Solstice, AND a lunar eclipse... WHAT? (See below.)
Lunar Eclipse
What a coincidence -an eclipse on the Winter Solstice! A lunar eclipse is when
the moon passes through the Earth's shadow. It HAS to happen during a full moon,
as that's when the moon is 'behind' the Earth, but it doesn't happen every full moon
due to the tilt of the moon's orbit. To watch this lunar eclipse you're either going to
have to close the tiki bar and then stay up, or hit the bunk early and set your alarm.
The eclipse will start around 0130 hours and go into daybreak. Lunar eclipses are
slowly evolving events compared to their shiny counterparts. The moon will set
around 0600 so you should be able to see the I .1.1 ,..- fine.
Penumbral Eclipse Begins: 01:29:17 -
Partial Eclipse Begins: 02:32:37 AST
Total Eclipse Begins: 03:40:47 AST
Greatest Eclipse: 04:16:57 AST
Total Eclipse Ends: 04:53:08 AST
Partial Eclipse Ends: 06:01:20 AST
Penumbral Eclipse Ends: 07:04:31 AST
Penumbral eclipse means the moon is going to be only a little dim because it has
moved into the penumbral part of the shadow. As Figures 2 and 3 show, the sun is

not a point source of light so the earth casts a 'fuzzy' shadow. The fuzzy part is called
the penumbra where there is som. 1, 1I., )m the sun, while the true shadow or
umbra is where there is almost no I. hi ... the sun. When the total eclipse '-S.
you'll see a bite being taken out of the moon. That's the shadow of the Earth!
See your hand? This is how observant people way before Columbus knew the Earth
was a sphere as only a sphere casts a circular shadow from all angles.
Perhaps surprisingly, during total lunar eclipse the moon doesn't completely disap
pear and instead will look a dark red. This is because the Earth has an atmosphere.
Blue light tends to scatter in our atmosphere, which is why the sky is blue, while red
light tends to bend and leak through the atmosphere, which is why the sunset is red.


Saros 125

Tot = 72m
Par = 209m

Gam. = 0.3214

2010 Dec 21

08:18 TD

U Mag. = 1 2561

P Mag. = 2 2807

-- ... .... ..-- --. -- -
.- .. .- .^ .

Figure 1: Looking east on December 14th at 2200 hours. Meteors will streak across
the sky east to west as if they were coming out of Gemini
Figure 2: Showing the moon passing through penumbra (grey) and umbra (red)
Figure 3: Top view of Earth's shadow penumbra and umbra


So the refracted red light passing through the atmosphere bends into the umbra
region and offers a little red light to the moon. If we had no atmosphere the moon
would totally 'disappear' during the eclipse.
Winter Solstice
The 21st is also the Winter Solstice. Thats the day of the sun's most southerly
passage through our skies and makes for the day with the least daytime. If you
want to stand in the shade of your own sombrero on this day you'd have to be
standing on the tropic of Capricorn. At the time of the creation of the Julian cal
endar the solstice occurred on December 25th. That early calendar had 365.25
days in a year and that's close but not perfect. Since that time, the solstice has
shifted to the 21st but the party still happens on the 25th. This time of year has
always been a time of celebration in most civilizations -celebrating the return of
the sun!
To Contemplate While Having a Glass of Wine on Deck
Time to celebrate indeed -solstice and eclipse! We've decided to have a party,
decorate a tree somehow, and give each other presents. Hey, that kind of thing
could catch on. Happy solstice everybody!
Scott Welty is the author of The Why B 1 .,,. Burford Books, 2007
Got a question for "Captain Science"? I ... ,," weltysail@gmail.com.

A Caribbean



by Shirley Hall
The Caribbean is known for beautiful weather,
beaches with warm clear waters, friendly people
and an abundance of holidays. The end of a year has
almost endless reasons to celebrate: Muslim Eid,
Hindu Divali, Christian Christmas, Boxing Day, Old
Year's Eve, New Year's Day, and my birthday.
Individually different, most of these holidays celebrate
time off from work, when government offices, busi
nesses, and banks are closed to business, and encour
age good will and positive thoughts for the upcoming

year. Each celebration also signifies quality time spent
with family and friends, with most of the day devoted
to enjoying excellent food.

island holiday meal: chicken, macaroni pie, and beans
'n' rice. Most international travelers are familiar with
more elaborate celebration cuisine, usually surround
ing an expensive ham or turkey. Macaroni pie at first

It's not difficult to transform the simple ingredients
above into a traditional island holiday meal like
the one below

seems out of place, since the
evolution of inexpensive
boxed mixes with orange-ish
powdered cheese, but
throughout the islands mac
pie becomes an art form.
My first taste of a real island
holiday meal came in Trinidad
from an East Indian fellow,
Roy, who did some intricate
welding for us. Every day he
regaled my husband and me
O with stories of the food his
mother and sister prepared.
After sampling a few of the
lunches he carried, it was
impossible to refuse an invi
station to a family gathering at
We went south to the village
of Felicity. Cricket on TV
backed three generations of
family sipping such local
favorites as sorrel drink and
nose tingling ginger beer. We
adults added rum for a kick,
but were warned to time the
Sdrinks not to overpower the
arrival of a later than usual
lunch. Roy's father and moth
er, the -'r-]i-r-' .t we referred to as "mamoo"
(uncle) ,,, I .....- r "tanty". The youngest genera
tion of children played in the yard while mothers and
teenaged daughters crowded the kitchen, readying the
wares and chatting the local gossip. The oven's aroma
had everyone's attention and it was one of the rare
times when curry wasn't represented. After seconds of
all the dishes and a third helping of some, I sorted out
the delicious recipes.

Baked Chicken
1 large roasting chicken (five to six pounds)
Lemon or lime juice
1 Tablespoon all-purpose seasoning salt
2 Tablespoons melted butter
1 cube chicken stock dissolved in 1 Cup of water
Wash chicken thoroughly with lemon or lime juice.
Let dry before rubbing inside and out with seasoning
salt. Place in a roasting pan breast up; add chicken
stock to the pan. Brush chicken with melted butter. If
no cover is available, seal the roasting pan with alumi
num foil. Bake for 75 minutes at 325F. Uncover and
continue to bake for 15 more minutes. Let sit for ten
minutes before serving.
West Indies Macaroni Pie
1 pack (12 ounces) long elbow macaroni
4 Tablespoons butter or margarine
1 Cup milk
1/4 pound Cheddar cheese
1 teaspoon salt
Grate the cheese, and separate out a quarter of it
to hold back for topping. Boil a large pot of salted
water. Add the macaroni without stopping the boil
and cook for five minutes. Drain, rinse in cold water
and set aside. Melt butter in a small saucepan and
slowly stir in the milk. Keep stirring and mix in the
grated cheese. Cook for about two minutes or until
cheese is fully melted and sauce is smooth. Combine
sauce and macaroni in a suitable ovenproof dish.
Sprinkle top with remaining cheese. Bake at 350F
for half an hour.
Island Beans 'n' Rice
1 Cup dried kidney beans
1 medium onion, chopped small
1 large carrot, chopped
1 medium sweet green pepper, chopped small
1 Cup uncooked long grain rice
1 teaspoon salt
Sort and rinse beans, place in a large pot, cover with
water and soak overnight. Drain, rinse, cover with
fresh water and bring to a boil. Then lower heat and
simmer for one to two hours, or until beans are tender.
Drain beans, saving the liquid. In a three-quart pot
with a lid, place two cups of the bean water, chopped
onion, carrot, pepper, rice, beans and salt. Bring to a
i -1'...... occasionally. Cover tightly, with a piece of
............. i .1 under the lid to get a good seal. Reduce
heat to low and cook for 15 to 20 minutes. Remove
from heat and fluff rice with a fork, cover and let stand
for five minutes.
Holiday Slaw
3 Tablespoons vegetable oil
3 Tablespoons vinegar
1 Tablespoon sugar
1 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1/2 medium cabbage, shredded
1 large carrot, grated
In a small frying pan heat oil and vinegar to a boil.
Remove from heat and stir in sugar, salt, and pepper.
Pour over shredded cabbage and grated carrot in a
bowl. Cover and let sit for at least 15 minutes. Serve
warm or cold.



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Left: Roasting cassava flour at Plas Kassav
no1 11 r,,f,,,r hrrrnl t Ir~rit hnnn t nnrJ~r lpnlvs

One of the things I love to do when I visit a new island is to sample the cuisine,
because you cannot be a local until you have eaten like a local. Here are some of the
foods and dining places I enjoyed during my stay in St. Lucia.
Getting true local food is a challenge in some islands that cater to tourists. This is
especially true when it comes to getting the first meal of the day. On some islands,
when you order breakfast you get a continental breakfast. But St. Lucia has made
.t ff-rts in maintaining the local cuisine, for example at the Villa des Pitons in
S where I stayed. A traditional St. Lucian breakfast is delicious, consisting
of stewed saltfish (usually salted codfish), bakes, cucumber salad and cocoa tea.
St. Lucia may be known for its bananas but this island also produces cocoa and
coffee. "Cocoa tea" is just the local slang for hot cocoa. The cocoa beans are dried,
the shells removed and the pulp is pounded with spices to make a paste and formed
into the desired shape and left to dry and harden. The different shapes in which

cocoa paste is dried is one of the little details that make each island unique. For
instance, in my homeland, Trinidad, the cocoa is traditionally shaped into an oval
cake (like a small elongated football); however, when commercial production started,
it changed to small bars. In St. Luci .. .. . .1, ii I ,,I thick logs or in some
larger supermarkets already grated i .' . i w cocoa tea, you grate
the desired amount from the bar or log and boil with a stick of cinnamon and a bay
leaf. This mixture is strained and then you add sugar and milk to your preference.
One thing St. Lucia prides itself on when it comes to food is stewed meats. In the
West Indies we stew our meat by first burning sugar until it caramelizes; this is used
to coat the meat. Water is added and the meat is left to simmer until cooked.
However, while in St. Lucia I enjoyed some authentic Jamaican cuisine. It was at the
P&G Real Jamaican Restaurant at Marigot Bay.
Continued on next page

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De Kornah serves up a great lunch and dinner menu six days a week
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continued from previous page
This eye-catching restaurant had only been in business for three weeks. The spe
cial of the day when I visited was stewed oxtail, so I got to taste stewed meat from
another island. It is served family style, side dishes like rice and salad are made, and
you take as much as you want. They bring your meat according to your order, that
is, a small or large portion.
One of the places I made sure to visit during my trip to St. Lucia was the Castries
Market. Established 115' .. .; 1.; structure is one of the natural attractions of
St. Lucia when it comes to I I ...- here you can get all sorts of local fruits and
vegetables. It is also where I had my first "Lucian" roti. It consists of a thin, baked
bread, like a flour tortilla, filled with your choice of fish or stewed meat, such as
chicken, beef or goat.
If restaurant dining is more your thing, then the Hummingbird Beach Resort is the
place for you. Located at the end of the Soufriere waterfront, it has great ambiance
with intricate wooden sculptures and a small batik studio where you can browse and
buy items. La Haut Plantation is another great place to dine. It is here I had my very
first taste of flying fish in a succulent tartar sauce.
Another great location for local food in Soufriere is Feddoe's, known to serve a good
roti. They usually run out long before lunchtime so you have to get there early, usu
ally before noon. They are also known for their Creole-style cuisine. But the best roti
I tasted was at Angel's Restaurant. This little establishment came highly recom-
mended. If you ask anyone in Soufriere where is a good pl ; .... 1 they will
direct you to Angel's, named after one of the owners. i. town of
Soufriere received damage from the passage of Hurricane Tomas on October 30th. By
the time you read this, businesses should be back in operation, but it might be wise to
phone ahead first and confirm.]
Another unique place you must stop at is Plas Kassav in Anse-La-Verdure in
Canaries. The specialty of this establishment is cassava bread. First the cassava is
ground and dry-roasted in a large metal pot to make cassava flour, which is used to
make cassava bread. Plas Kassav also makes farine, which is cassava flour ground
to a finer texture. The cassava bread here comes in 12 flavours that were developed
by owner Rosario Wilson's mother. The flavours include coconut, ginger, cinnamon,
peanut, chocolate and smoked herring. Some are big sellers like chocolate, which
often "finishes" by early afternoon. Some flavours are also not made every day so you
have to keep checking in if you want to sample them all. After buying you can sit
and enjoy, or browse their small collection of souvenirs on sale.
As on most if not all islands in the Caribbean, barbecue is a staple on the week
ends and from as early as 4:00PM, you can see i 11,,,. ,,i their stalls and pits
around the town square or in one of the side si. I ....... I ,i to catch the people
as they head to the square. Another big food here is pizza. St. Lucians love pizza,
evident by the many food trucks that sell this. However, it seems that it is a popular
nighttime snack, as you would find these trucks parked at the side of the road
vacant and lifeless during the day but coming alive at dusk. But if you want a quick
snack during the day there are numerous bakeries and, with tasty pastries ranging
from 50P to EC$1.00, they are an affordable treat.
While I was in St. Lucia I was fortunate enough to visit the Sea Food Friday at Anse
La Raye. You cannot miss this. It starts at around 6:00PM and goes on until 4:00AM
and even longer, as some bars might be open all night. The main road passes
through the town of Anse La Raye (you literally cannot miss it if you're driving).
Basically a Sea Food Friday is a big street party. People set up stalls along the water

front and sell various seafood and drinks, both alcoholic and non-alcoholic. Some of
the items on sale include curried lobster, octopus, whelks, steamed snapper, johnny
cakes and fish cakes, just to name a few. You get healthy portions, so bring your
a, I i 1. ....... ... t.. i Iried whelks for the first time. A portion usually consists
01 I 11 .1i I .. .. I and awedge of lime. You tease the whelk outof its shell

*"LM'A-- ~ ~ -^ff .^-
Small bakeries offer a variety of tempting St. Lucian pastries
with a toothpick and squeeze the limejuice all over it. All parts are edible except the
shell and the hard part at the end (called the operculum), which is what the animal
uses as a trap door to seal itself in its shell. Unfortunately I did not get a chance to
sample octopus, but it is a good excuse to visit the island again.
There are also some snacks on sale at Anse La Raye, such as fish cakes (dough
mixed with salted fish and fried to form fritters). Another type of cake at the party is
johnnycakes, which are small, round, thick breads around the size of a saucer,
baked on a hot griddle. These are usually ordered as a side dish, which you break
and use to soak up the delicious sauce that comes with your fish.
Other towns have their own version of Sea Food Fridays, such as Gros Islet, near
Rodney Bay, whose Jump Up is also held on Friday nights. The town of Dennery on
the east coast has its festival on a ,i,, 1 ...1
One thing I found very difficult to i... I .- I I I ....... i I sweets. But when I did
find them, they were unique. While at the fish festival, a lady with a wooden tray
came around and one of her sweets was a nut brittle made from sea almonds.
Another time I visited a small shop and a type of sweet on sale was shaved coconut
that had been .t- i, .-- .;- :.-- and dried. So if you have a sweet tooth for the
unusual andk .1 1 I I I, .1 festivals and little shops.
All in all, St. Lucia is an island that will keep you and your taste buds busy. If you
are looking for a new island to taste, I encourage you to check it out!

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Dear Compass Readers,
Having read various outpourings from Ron Llewellyn
in the Compass and other places such as Facebook
and the Trinidad Cruisers' Forum, I feel it is time to
put the record straight.
He has done more harm to the yachting industry in
Trinidad than any person alive and seems to think
that he is the answer to all security issues with an ego
that promotes himself as a self-styled Rambo willing to
offer his services to any country he is in at the time to
sort out their problems (you only have to read his own
blog). All he does is to stir up as much trouble as he
can and he has the audacity to try to inform the
authorities how to do their job, a good way to get
people's backs up.
His lat. ... ....- in the November Compass's
Readers' : ........ ,i of inaccuracies and before he
puts the proverbial cyber pen to paper he really should
check his facts, rather than listen to alcoholic chit
chat. Even his mathematics do not compute. His letter
is full of exaggerations and twisted interpretations. For
a true and accurate version of events, see Niels Lund's
response in the same issue.
I would be the first to say that Trinidad is not per
fect, but we do like it here. The Trinis we have met
have been really fabulous, friendly -.--- ;; n;;-1
helpful. If Mr. Llewellyn would get ... i..-...... ..
SII.... I .. into Trinidad he would see the island
i ... 111 i angle and maybe, just maybe, he
might just see why we and many others like us really
want to help out when we can.
Yes, there has been a spate of thefts here, but the
risk here is probably no worse than any other island
in the Caribbean, and when you consider the volume
of yachts here for the hurricane season then the per
centage starts to look no worse than any other civi
lized country. Don't get me wrong, one theft is one too
many, but when you also consider the poverty there
is here, then the flaunting of wealth performed by
some yachties is always going to be tempting to those
who have little. There would be little attraction to
travel in these places if they were all totally civilized
and sterile.
Llewellyn's comments about the security patrols are
a real twist. The patrols were instigated by the
*. i.. .. ........ -.iness Community to try to stem the
S1 i i ,, that occurred in July and it was
soon apparent that these were not isolated incidents
but well -r- ni--l specific sized outboards were being
targeted. .11. I. business people themselves man
ning the patrol and needing to work the next day, the
patrol system was never going to be sustainable and it
was obvious that they were going to need help. Fellow
cruiser Alan and I volunteered to assist and we
patrolled with one of the CBC members. From then we
patrolled by ourselves one night a week but it was
clear they still needed a hand. I personally announced
on the Cruisers' Net that they needed volunteers.
Many male cruisers responded and 'got off their back
sides' to help out, and yes, women too.
As far as calling us "vigilantes" is concerned, well,
I can only take this as an insult as we were far from
that sort of category. We were indeed unarmed but
we had a fast boat and, despite the contrary claim
from Mr. Llewellyn, we were always equipped with a
VHF radio and were in hourly contact with the Coast
Guard. Our remit was to watch for suspicious boats,
approach them at a distance and let them know that
we had seen them. That always seemed to be deter
rent enough. There was to be no confrontation. As
far as I am aware the only dinghy that was success
fully taken while the patrol was active was from a
schooner whose skipper had been warned by the
patrol to lift his dinghy but he declined, saying he
was going to sleep in the cockpit. The boat was
anchored near some working boats whose decks
were brightly lit, and shining towards the rest of the
anchorage, it would have been very difficult to see

any sort of activity around that vessel without leav
ing the designated anchorage.
Before the patrols started, many cruisers stayed up
through the night to watch over their boats in the
anchorage and a good few of these maintained the
habit when the patrol- -t 'oing. Mr. Llewellyn
states that not all were i.. I ... of the patrols, espe
cially being manned by foreigners. Well, I can posi
tively inform Compass readers that those in the
anchorage were unanimously in favour (with the
exception of Mr. Llewellyn, of course) and it was sat
isfying to hear cruisers saying, "Thank you, guys!" as
we slowly crept by their boats, even in the small
hours of the morning.
I am proud to have been able to help stem this spate
ol I ... ... and I am also proud of the cruisers who
al- I their backsides' and volunteered. I also
wish that the patrols were not necessary but in the
event, we did what all GENUINE cruisers do: stick
together and help out. Ron Llewellyn sat on his back
side and poured out his inaccurate ratings, which
have had a negative effect on the situation and upset
just about every cruiser in Trinidad as well as the
authorities with whom the CBC are trying to negotiate
to establish some form of policing here. He is a loose
cannon firing off uncoordinated shots wherever he
chooses and leaving the CBC to clear up his mess.
From his claimed military career, he should under
stand that even a well-organized campaign can be
scuppered by one loose cannon.
Trinidad has a new Government now. The old one
was voted out for a number of reasons but the corrup
tion here was well known. They have brought in a new
chief of police from Canada. He immediately increased
the police force's pay by a substantial margin and
hopefully also their morale. It will take time to estab
lish a new regime here especially with the culture that
has evolved over generations. There is no Harbour
Master here and as such no one in authority who can
control the port or to whom we as visitors can go to for

yachting centres of the Caribbean.
Mr. Llewellyn has insulted Ruth Lund in a previous
edition of Compass, he also insulted Anne Dunlop on
Facebook and intimated that the Cruisers' Net
Controllers were conspiring to withhold information
about the security situation, also not true. I speak for
a majority of cruisers here when I say that the sooner
he leaves Trinidad the happier we all shall be.
Perhaps he should make Venezuela, Jamaica or Cuba
his next port of call and tell them how sort out their
security problems!
Mike Perrin
S/VEl Lobo

Dear Compass,
Reference to Ron Llewellyn's letter in November's
Compc ...i is someone who :i .11i un
ishes ... .. i .ctual or perceived I .. or
participates in a group that metes out extralegal pun
ishment to such a person. Often the victims are crimi
nals in the 1 .1 ..- however a vigilante may follow
a different i ,,,, i.. [F criminal than the local law. A
person who takes the law into his own hands is not a
vigilante, he is a criminal.
"Vigilante cowboy"! What a kick in the teeth to those
of us who volunteered to go out at night to help pre
vent crime in the Chaguaramas anchorage. That com-
ment comes from a fellow yachtie, who over the last
few months while staying in Trinidad has done nothing
but bitch, moan, groan and insult just about every
body in Trinidad.
When I heard of the problem of ;;nni;; the patrol
boat, I volunteered my services. I'11 ave me an
opportunity to put something back into the local
yachting community; a community that, over the years
I have been coming to Trinidad, has shown me nothing
but help, kindness, and lots of smiles.
On i. .i ... I ....i.1 of our first patrol, myself and
fellow I...I I .... I ourselvess being given a well
found boat with big powerful engines, VFI i i,.i1, -
cell phone and a very well-defined remit. i .. -
highly competent and experienced yachties, in addi
tion to our own personal and professional skills. We
had to patrol the anchorage and in the event of observe
ing a potential crime, we were to report to the
- -.t.;;-,1 but in no way to interfere. If we could
: i ,,,i, I track the perpetrators, well and good, but
we were not to put ourselves at risk. We manned the
patrol boat on se ... 11 hen the local business
community was ... i i I I crew. To all of those
who manned the patrol boat, you did a great job and
thefts were down; to those of you who moaned and
groaned and remained in your snug little beds, don't
ever ask me for help.
But what of our resident, self-imposed yachtie secu
rity expert? When asked to volunteer his reply was
along the lines of "if they pay me, I'll do it". I think the
term "mercenary" comes to mind here. So what were
we, honest volunteers helping the community, or vigi
lante cowboys?
Alan Dunlop
Freya of Clyde
-ontinued on next page


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Continuedfrom previous page
Dear Compass,
In reply to Mr. Llewellyn's continual Trini-bashing in
previous issues of Compass:
Mr. Llewelyn, oh Mr. Llewelyn,
you doesn't like rinis, I fear.
Your pressure gets higher when Mr. Stollmeyer
comes into the picture, it's clear!
You don't like our sea and you don't like to be
on our roads, in our towns or our bays.
You moan and you groan and perhaps not alone,
for there's many don't take to our ways.
Don't quarrel or fuss, for we do like us,
and your problem is easily solved
Hoist your sails, sail away, and you'llfind by the way,
all your difficulties have been resolved!
Nan Hatch

Dear Compass,
Over the last few months there has been a lot written
about Trinidad and the problems with crime around
Chaguaramas in Compass, in sailing forums and in
the local Trinidad & Tobago media. While there is no
denying there is a problem with Trinidad, it's impor
tant to distinguish between there and Tobago. Tobago
experiences none of these problems. Crime at the
anchorage at Store Bay simply doesn't happen. I've
been sailing to Tobago for the last ten years and have
never had a problem. You read about sailors frantic
cally locking up their dinghies and outboards at night
in Trinidad, sailors coming together to carry out night
patrols -you simply don't have to do that in Tobago.
It is important, as T&T is a two-island state, that
Tobago doesn't get tarred with the same brush.
Tobago is, I think, one of the last few unspoilt
islands of the Caribbean. It is an ideal location -out
of the hurricane belt, quiet and peaceful, with plenty
of out-of-the-way .; ;-r -= which sailors crave. The
people here are :.... 1 I ---1--i; While in the
past its not had much to 11 II. ...ising sailor, I
was, on my last visit, amazed to discover that there is
now a company next to the anchorage at Store Bay
which offers everything you could want -WiFi to the
anchorage, laundry and a team of engineers to sort
out any problems you might have. To all the cruisers
who are thinking of heading to Trinidad I would say go
to Tobago instead. To those in Trinidad I would say go
to Tobago; it has so much to offer and none of the
headaches of Chaguaramas.
Louisa Winter
Yacht Susan

Dear Compass,
I've been reading in bemusement the lengthening
Trinidad debate, in which brevity seems not an object.
I am reminded that half of humanity now lives in the
cities, and that many would rather swim in a swim-
ming pool than in the anchorage -in a Compass
article some years back, kids rated Chaguaramas,
Trinidad as one of their favorite anchorages because of
the swimming pool. Also brought to mind is an old Sufi
teaching story in which god said the waters would be
changed and the new waters would make you insane.
Only a few hoarded the old waters. Some of us still
hoard the old waters. Sounds like Llewellyn is one of
them. Stollmeyer sounds like a politician/PR man, or a
salesman with a product flaw. But then, I'm skeptical
about YSATT-type operations paying much attention to
issues of those who don't standardize to their vision.
It does show that oil is still king.
Jerry Stewart (October's Forum) breathed what I
thought was a breath of fresh air in -i. ......
wheth ... ...i . ..,ii f expensive ...I. .-1..
ture,: -.. ....- .I ..... and fees is the way to
protect Carriacou's marine environment. He thinks
fisheries management is. I agree. And it largely comes
down to education -both the locals and the visitors.
But educating people away from old habits isn't easy.
Witness the world's lack of response to global warming.
Stewart also mentions the ponds behind the man
groves, which are not protected, and the threat to them
by development ashore. In my mind, the biggest threat to
marine ecologies on most of these islands is nutrient and
other pollution runoff from development ashore. (And the
real threat to turtles is development at nesting beaches.)
Jim Hutchinson
Yacht Ambia

An Open Letter to Davon Baker, Chairman,
SIOBMPA, Carriacou
Dear Mr. Baker,
In the August edition of the Compass, your Marine
Park was written up by Neil Ladell. The Caribbean
Compass offering a forum for debate, I wrote in the
October issue covering points raised by Mr. Ladell.
Ihavenotw.'n ....-1 11 ..i SIOBMPAin
its formation - ... i ..1 . 'el have been
disingenuous, as you claim in your response to Chris
Doyle's open letter in the November issue's Readers'
Forum. If you could point out where I have been disin
-nn -n then I will be happy to apologize in a letter to
S.. and the Caribbean Compass.
Jerry Stewart

An Open Letter to Davon Baker, Chairman,
SIOBMPA, Carriacou
Dear Mr. Baker,
I found your response to the concerns raised by Jerry
Stewart regarding the Sandy Island Oyster Bed Marine
Protected Area inappropriate. Disagreeing with what he
wrote does not give you the right to impugn his char
acter or to suggest that he was not sincere (although
the comments you attributed to Mr. Stewart when you
called him disingenuous were actually made by anoth
er letter writer in the same issue of the Caribbean
Compass). Your diatribe against Mr. Stewart was
extremely out of line and I am sure that it does not
represent the attitude of the good people of Carriacou.
Rather than -I ..... to and considering what was
offered, you we.. II 11 a tangent and attempted to
destroy anything said against what you want to believe.
You say that Mr. Stewart's accusations lack accuracy,
but do not elaborate. Which of these are inaccurate?
The biggest threat to Sandy Island is nature.
The mangroves are as healthy as they were ten
years ago.
The biggest threat to the (mangroves) is the devel
opment on the land side.
Current water-based use seems to damage nothing.
Moorings and their fees are not for the environ
ment; they are a means to raise a half a million dollars
to operate Grenada's marine parks, and the (yacht)
tourist must pay.
Yachtspeople spend more per day than cruise ship pas
seng 'I, -. i 11 . i into the local economy.
*' I.i I .,-1- ,[11 1 II, local economy will suffer.
i 1 ... .. i -i i .; ; -. -isitors.
... .. .... .. ,,, , ......... an ch oring
on white sand (at Sandy Island, or in broken dead
coral in Tyrrel Bay -my addition)?
The need for revitalization of the fish population is
the result of overfishing.
You go on to say that the Tyrrel Bay marina was
selected to represent all local marinas and by exten
sion the yachting community. Who are the other local
marinas in Carriacou? How and why was Tyrrel Bay
marina selected? The marina has yet to be completed
and has no customer base or customer knowledge to
represent the yachting community. Surely they were
not selected because of their concern for the environ
ment. In your response you do not reveal that when
SIOBMPA was originally proposed, the area now occu
pied by the marina was within the boundaries of
SIOBMPA. The marina developer was given an excep
tion to dredge that part of the Bay and certainly that
has done much more damage than all the yacht
anchoring could ever do.
You are correct in saying that the yachting commu-
nity in Carriacou is not formally organized. However,
there are a number of yacht tourists who have been
coming to Carriacou for teny ...- .... i ll ...
misattributed the comment l. ., -I 11 .1 I I I
initiate discussions with the yachting community, it is
true 1 .... ........... was never consulted.
No c. i .... -1 *I II ... I any effort to contact any
of the yachts, so your statement that an effort was made
in the earlier years to capture the input of the i,,,.
community is bogus and not supported by *" I -
who were in Carriacou in the earlier years. Yacht tour
ists were excluded from all discussi-n: n;-1 1rn
until a series of town meetings was 1i ,,, I 1 I I
Along with 12 other yachtsmen, I attended the meet
ing held in Harvey Vale; I do not know if you were in
attendance. In total, excluding the presenters and
SIOBMPA committee members, as well as the Minister
of Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs, 25 con
cerned individuals were present. Half of the attendees
were yacht tourists. The meeting was informative and,
for the first time, the people not associated with
SIOBMPA were able to see and hear what had been
done by the SIOBMPA committee.
The presentation was skewed against yachts and,
through the use of slides, implied that tl- 1.-h-r;..
t ,-,'I,,. ichts was -'tr-in. th- I ,
S-1 I .I slides were I' .. .... .. the answer
was, "No, they were found on the Internet to illustrate
the damage done by anchoring in coral". In fact, what
the slides showed were anchors used by small fishing
boats and commercial vessels. This was pointed out to
the presenters and to the audience, but since no
yachtsmen were at the other two town meetings to
rebut the claim that yachts were damaging the reefs,
those presentations were probably successful in the
attempt to mislead some of the people of Carriacou.
The presentation on the damage done by anchoring
was inflammatory and anti-yacht.
If you were present, you saw as we did that the imple
mentation plan for SIOBMPA was a faith accompli. You
say that SIOBMPA "values frank discussions and fac
tual criticisms". Based upon the response and actions to
the suggestions and criticisms made by the yacht tour
ists at the presentation, your statement is not true.
After the meeting, one of the yachtsmen made
... .. . I- 'i11. I lie presenters to take a din
i, I I, I.. -I I. ... I what the concerns were.
This person (the presenter) did not show up for the
tour. After three more unsuccessful attempts to
reschedule, the yachtsman gave up in frustration.
Continued on next page

-ontinued from previous page
With all due respect, Mr. Baker, your implement
tion is flawed and needs immediate attention and
adjustments. Before any more damage is done to the
economy of Carriacou, it is time to seriously listen to
those who have something to say. An attitude of "my
mind is made up; don't confuse me with facts" will
only hurt the people of the island.
If you are honestly looking forward to establishing an
open line of communication, please include your cus
tomers, i.e. the yachting community of Tyrrel Bay. We
have collectively hundreds of years of experience from
around the world and are sensitive to environmental
issues. We want to help.
And please, in the future when you do respond to
comments with which you do not agree, use facts and
not rhetoric and personal attacks to make your point.
John Pompa
S/V Second Millennium

Dear Mr. John Pompa and others who have writ-
ten on Carriacou's SIOB MPA,
Thank you all for your comments and mostly for
your concern for the Sandy Island Oyster Bed Marine
Protected Area (SIOB MPA). I would like to use this
heightened concern to restart the consultative process
concerning the SIOB MPA. As is evident by letters from
the yachting community and issues raised by the fish
ermen, there have been = -n -i'= 'i ur consultative
process. We are aware i .11I .. I to be set up via
a consultative process, and during the years of plan
ning for SIOB MPA the parties involved have done our
best to use a consultative process that was open to all
stakeholders. I was the main facilitator for the estab
lishment of the SIOB MPA for the last six years, and
on behalf of Mr. Davon Baker I would like to respond
to your letters and I would like to propose some steps
to help resolve the issues and concerns that have
arisen since the launch of Grenada's first co-managed
marine protected area.
As it stands now the fishing *, I 1.. ... communi
ties are the two sectors most .11 I I I 1' positively
and negatively, by the establishment of the SIOB MPA.
I would like to invite these two sectors to join with the
present Board of SIOB MPA in discussions to resolve
the present impasse and come up with some win-win
situations for the most effective conservation practices
for the SIOB MPA. The Board and the agencies involved
in management are committed to continuing to bal
ance the multiple uses in the MPA while protecting the
resources we all rely upon. In MPA management there
should be ongoing stakeholder participation as the
Board seeks to adaptively manage the park. We recog
nize that th- n-.; '-'-nt plan and policies related to
the SIOB 1I ... I ist in stone and that they
should be regularly reviewed to fit current circum-
stances. Threats to our marine and coastal environ
ment can and do change over time, so the current
management and zoning plan are not necessarily
static. Yachters do have the chance to weigh in on
issues of importance to them, and there will be formal
rounds of consultation that they can contribute to, as
well as continuing informal dialogue to inform man
agement planning.
I would like to propose that the yachting community,
the SIOB MPA Board and various resource persons
come together where presentations and discussions
from both sides on the status of the resources and the
best ways to protect them can be facilitated. The pres
ent organization I am working with, the Sustainable
Grenadines Inc. (SusGren), would be willing to assist
with such a process. May I suggest that we hold a
meeting in Harvey Vale, Carriacou in early
Since 2005 the process to establish SIOB MPA was
very fortunate to have The Nature Conservancy on
board who assisted in conducting various researches
on the bio-physical and socio-economic aspects of the
SIOB MPA. These results could be presented at the
: ,. I propose, which will give a better appreciation
I: tatus of the resources. SIOB MPA resources
are not as healthy as many believe them to be and the
continued protection of the health of the habitats
found in the area will need our concerted efforts. For
example, the Tyrrel Bay mangroves ecosystem, with
the presence of species such as numerous 'upside
down' jelly fish and a proliferation of algae on the roots
of the mangroves i- .'' i-.li-tion that this area is
not as healthy as : I -I1 Actions are required
in order to resolve this situation and ensure that the
important fish nursery functions of the mangroves are
maintained. I believe all stakeholders are in agreement
that we want to see the marine environment in
Carriacou continue to have clean blue unpolluted
waters and abundant coral and other species for
many, many years to come.
The present SIOB MPA Board has already started
using best practices from other countries, both in the
Caribbean and internationally. The SIOB MPA
Wardens and Board members have visited and
received training from Bonaire and St. Lucia's SMMA.
MPA science internationally is well-evolved and we
are taking advantage of every opportunity to learn
more about MPA science by attendi... ... ,.
workshops and conferences, and by ...... ..

other well-established MPAs through the Caribbean
Marine Protected Areas Managers Network and Forum
(CaMPAM) on MPA management in the region. Best
practices are shared in the region and there is ongo
ing prcf- .--1i l tr-.iinin. f-r f T1r managers and staff
with :. I ... ..i 1 i,.i' i i agencies such as
UNEP's Caribbean Environment Program which the
SIOB MPA will be involved in.
Resources for effective '-.i '-.-'-it MPAs are noto
riously tight -finding :.... i- I -I .1 patrol boats,
education and outreach i-nit-i;n.- .id scientific
research is challenging, ..I -I *I1 I. many sup
porters and we are committed to success. The yachting
community has valuable resources and experience
that the SIOB MPA needs. We want yachters to be able
to weigh in on issues of importance to them and sin
cerely hope that anyone with interest will contribute
with -.... -1 ...- and provide constructive assistance
in th( -, ... nagement. At the same time we hope
to .. i .... i ... 1,... and respect for the importance
of 11 1. .. behind them and the benefits
they can bring.
SusGren is willing to help organize and facilitate a
meeting in early December with the yachting com-
munity and the SIOB MPA Board and relevant gov
ernment agencies as a first step to improving the
SIOB MPA for yachting. I am hopeful that interested
parties will contact my office in Union Island (sus
grenpm@vincysurf.com) to discuss this further and
set up a time for such an event. I can provide all the
various documents and more, which I mentioned
above. I look forward to participating further in this
process with you.
Martin Barriteau, Project Manager
Sustainable Grenadines Project

Dear Compass,
With the notice of the change in status of the
Netherlands Antilles as posted in the October issue of
Compass, I thought it timely to submit this.
I needed a courtesy flag when we arrived unexpect
edly in South Caicos, and the following process worked
well for us there and in subsequent anchorages where
no flags could be purchased. I have shown the method
many times to friends who have complained of not
having the proper courtesy flag to fly upon arriving in
a new harbour.
Most boaters with computers aboard also have a
printer that will print a serviceable .., .. that
will last for a few weeks, even in the -1 11. sea
sons. All that is needed is a piece of white sailcloth 8.5
by 17 inches, and a cheap can of hairspray or fixer
spray for charcoal drawings. Go on line and "Google"
the flag needed and copy it into Photoshop or any of
the picture-processing software. Reduce or expand the
photo to the required dimensions. Here I selected 8.5
inches wide and the length to constraint proportions
-this way the flag will be printed to the nation's cor
rect dimensions. Insert a piece of paper cut to the
same size as the sailcloth you wish to print on. Set
your printer to "banner" mode and do a test print on
the paper. Here your printer might inform you that
"image is 11. ... tie printable area and some clip
ping may .. .. are probably printing beyond
preset borders. Select "proceed" and continue. Your
printer will now print to the edges of the paper. If the
results are acceptable, insert the piece of sailcloth into
the printer, making sure the settings are still on "ban
ner", and print.
You will only need to print on one side since the
sailcloth is porous and the ink will soak through to the
other side.
This is an optional step used by charcoal artists to
fix drawings: lightly spray the sailcloth with the hair
spray or artist's fixative spray. This will waterproof the
sailcloth and fix the ink so it won't run in the rain.
Sew a string to the side and hoist away.
Kathy and Ernie Martin
Stonecutter I

Dear Compass,
From the October 2010 Caribbean Compass:
Tom and Harriet Linskey report: Here's how Hands
Across the Sea is fighting low literacy in the Caribbean:
We ask school teachers, principals, and Peace Corps
volunteers in the Caribbean to assemble a Wish List of
books and materials they need and then we get what
they need, and then we ship it to them. This October, as
part of our Caribbean Literacy and School Support pro
gram Hands will ship approximately 43,000 books and
92 boxes of teaching materials to 47 schools, 10,000
students, and eight community libraries/reading proj
ects. Perhaps you're thinking, 'This seems like a worthy
cause, but what can I do?" Here's some awesome
news: we've just received a US$25,000 "challenge
grant" commitment from two generous Hands support
ers. Which means that the way you can help children in
the Caribbean right now is to make a cash donation to
Hands Across the Sea, with the aim of matching the
$25,000 grant and realizing our $50,000 goal, so
Hands can fulfill all of the 2010 Wish Lists and bring
positive change to thousands of Caribbean children. To
make a donation, visit www.handsacrossthesea.net/
Continued on next page

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Real sailors use Street's Guides for inter-island and harbor
piloting directions, plus interesting anecdotes of people,
places and history. Street's Guides are the only ones that
describe ALL the anchorages in the Eastern Caribbean.
NEW! Street's videos, first made in 1985,
are now back as DVDs.
S"Transatlantic with Street" documents a sailing passage
from Ireland to Antigua via the Cape Verdes. 2 hours
S"Antigua Week '85" is the story of the engineless yawl lolaire
racing round the buoys to celebrate her 80th birthday. 1 hour
S"Street on Knots" demonstrates the essential knots and
line-handling skills every sailor should know. 1 hour
S"Streetwise 1 and 2" give tips that appeared in the popular video
Sailing Quarterly, plus cruises in the Grenadines, Venezuela and
southwest coast of Ireland
DVDs .,1 .1:1- 1.... I -i H,,u .- .. i. .,,, Sailor/
Full information on DVDs at www.street-lolaire.com
HURRICANE TIPS! Visit www.street-iolaire.com for a wealth of
information on tracking and securing for a storm.
Street's Guides and DVDs are available
at all Island Waterworld stores and at Johnson's Hardware,
or from www.iUniverse.com and www.seabooks.com

Read in Next

Month's Compass:

""" I' ". .

Selected Shortwave Weather Reports

Destination Rio Dulce

... and much more!

Continuedfrom previous page
Regarding the claim of raising literacy in the
Caribbean: I said it three years ago when the Global
Literacy Project dumped 30,000 books on St. Vincent
and then claimed that examination scores jumped by
ten points that year and I'll say it again: giving kids
books is WONDERFUL. All kids should have good
books to read (if they can), be read to (if their parents
can), looked through and enjoy the pictures and find
words (if they can), be read to (read along) by a skilled
teacher to talk about title, author, purpose, outcome,
beginning middle and end, etcetera, etcetera. Dc.'l I
me wrong: I support 100 percent the primary .1
most litersa ;i Getting books to kids is an
important I i puzzle, but it is NOT the piece
that helps kids to read. Reading is a learned skill, and
to learn it well good instruction must take place.
Suggesting that shipping 43,000 books to the
schools in these islands will increase i .
at best, it is naive, and, at worst, it i- I .... I... 'I
donors of the books, supplies and money. Based on
my 40 years of experience as a teacher of primary
grades and a consultant in reading programs, a good
teacher can teach reading without ANY books, while a
poor teacher cannot teach reading with all the books
in the world.
Paul Fulton

Editor's note: We asked Harriet Linskey for her
response, which follows.

Dear Paul Fulton,
Thank you for your thoughts. We are not able to
comment on what the Global Literacy Project did and
claimed. We *.. ii i, .i II ,.. d books into the
hands of kic- .-..I .l I i 11 overall literacy
challenge, that it's a community effort involving good
parenting, trained teachers, dedicated school princi
pals and community organizations that promote read
ing. That's why we choose the schools that receive
books and wish-list items carefully. Partnering with
learning support advisors within the island Ministries
of Education, school principals whose strong leader
ship is making a difference, teachers who want to
improve their classroom environments with
classroom libraries and reading corners, and L i
Corps volunteers who are working hand-in-hand with
community reading groups is a big team effort. As a
former English teacher in charge of the library at a
rural secondary school in New Zealand, I witnessed
the effect of getting interesting books into the hands of
Maori children who were reluctant readers.
We have worked hard over the summer to choose our
purchased ..i used books carefully from book
sales in I1 We also purchase books from
Scholastic and our goal next year is to increase the
amount of books with Caribbean content.
Since you are an experienced educator would you
like to help us with a hands-on project? Last year we
worked with a retired British master teacher and a
first grade teacher in Dominica to plan a unit using
The Very Hungry Caterpillar. The teacher saw improve
ment in her teaching methods and the students were
more interested in learning and stayed in their seats.
The next time we visited the class, the first graders
rushed to give us a group hug and show off the books
they had read.
Now that secondary education is compulsory across
the Caribbean and governments are requiring only
trained teachers in the classroom, Hands Across the
Sea is helping to improve literacy and learning by giv
ing students access to good reading books and teach
er-requested school resources. To see what we have
shipped to the Caribbean this November, check out
the Hands 2010 Wish Lists (www.handsacrossthesea.
net/HandsWishLists.htm); these are the books and
teaching resources specifically requested by school
principals and teachers, US Peace Corps Volunteers,
and local librarians. You clearly have an interest in
this topic, so please let us know if you'd like to help
this winter season in the Eastern Caribbean.
Harriet Linskey
Hands Across the Sea, Inc.

Dear Compass,
We all know that there are many cruisers who spend
a high proportion of their time in marinas. For them,
a marina is a natural destination at the end of a day's
sailing. Many other cruisers regard riding at anchor as
the natural state when not on passage -and long may
they be free to do it, in spite of a creeping plague of
mooring buoys.
Observations made during another summer in
Grenada have raised what is to me an interesting
question. At the time of writing (early September) there
are approximately 230 boats anchored around this
island, with a further hundred or so in marinas. The
numbers may have varied during the last three months
but the proportions have remained almost the same.
With one small exception, the marinas are at least half
empty. They attract less than a third of the potential
market, and my question is: what are they doing to
attract the boats swinging at anchor in adjacent bays?
Indeed, some charge exorbitant rates, apparently to
make sure potential customers stay away!

Two examples illustrate my point. On another island
(this problem isn't limited to Grenada), we wanted to
go alongside for a couple of hours for a rig inspection
last winter. We were told that the full day rate would
be charged because "we don't have a half-day rate". I
-... 1 they devise one immediately, but they held
-i i 11' full rate -and so got nothing. We made
alternative arrangements, as did a number of other
boatowners last winter. Throughout the period the
marina was never more than a third full and, where
they could have earned goodwill and some income, all
they did was create negative attitudes.
In another marina recently, after taking on fuel, I
was misled into staying a few hours longer and was
then charged for 24 hours dockage -because the
dockmaster did not know about the "full day only"
charging structure. When I protested, I was told that
the policy was "in line with standard practice". Looking
at the marina -less than half full -words like 'des
operation' came to mind.
These may seem like petty quibbles, but I think they
illustrate an attitude that cannot even see a market,
let alone work out how to sell to it.
Moreover, some marina advertising is prone to pre
posterous hyperbole, which has led to the spread of
stories of disillusionment; no one likes to be taken for
a fool. Also, claims that Grenada is "outside the hur
ricane belt" (meaning that yachts can be left afloat
safely throughout the summer) are, at best, economi-
cal with the truth. Many cruisers have clear memories
of what Hurricane Ivan did to Grenada in 2004, and
feel such claims do not have boatowners' best interests
in mind.
Not all marinas are open to the same criticisms.
Some recognize that even the most dedicated anchor
age users need shore-based facilities from time to time
and take a favorable view of short-term visitors. Jolly
Harbour in Antigua comes to mind, and during
Grenada's Carnival week Port Louis offered some
imaginative packages to get cruisers out of their
anchorages. Clearly they were successful and deserve
congratulations for their efforts.
Christopher Price
Yacht Hummingbird

Dear Compass,
World Cruising Club was concerned to hear of the dam-
age that Hurricane Tomas caused when it struck Saint
Lucia on October 30th. TiI i i i .. .,
to have been restricted 1'I i.. i. i
is reported it will take time for the island to recover.
Rodney Bay Marina, which is in the north of the
island, is not damaged.
Crews taking part in this years ARC are being asked
to carry extra supplies on their Atlantic crossing, or to
donate spare items on their arrival. La Vaughn Francis
of Saint Lucia Tourist Board says: "Supplies would be
most useful at this time, and I have spoken to the Red
Cross and NEMO teams who have indicated that
canned foods and dry goods are most needed."
The Saint Lucian Red Cross has asked for donations
of everyday items such as canned foods (especially
evaporated milk), dry foodstuffs, water containers,
batteries, flasks, small transistor radios, lanterns or
flashlights/torches, cleaning supplies, sanitary wipes/
hand sanitizers, blankets, bed sheets, sleeping bags,
children's disposable diapers/nappies and wipes,
infant food and formula, female sanitary products,
adult disposable diapers/nappies and toiletries such
as toothbrushes, toothpaste and soaps.
If you are visiting Saint Lucia and have spare provi
sions, or space onboard to take extra tinned and dried
foods, then please take as much as you can. The Red
Cross in Saint Lucia will collect the food and arrange
for it to be distributed to the most needy.
I, I iih ,,I hi- I I, I I i I II ,
o n .. I ........ I I
co I Ii ..
It is important that we continue to visit Saint Lucia.
Tourism is vital to the Saint Lucian economy, and by
visiting the island and spending money locally, we will
be supporting local jobs and enterprises. Yachts visit
ing and spending money in the local economy will also
help sustain the island through what must be an
extremely difficult time.
If you are not sailing to Saint Lucia, you can still
help. The Saint Lucia High Commission in London has
established a disaster relief fund and would welcome
donations. All of the money will be used directly in the
rebuilding of people's lives in Saint Lucia. All dona
tions are appreciated; see details on the Saint Lucia
High Commission website: www.stluciahcuk.org.
Your support of this initiative is much appreciated,
and our thoughts are with the people of Saint Lucia.
Andrew Bishop, Managing Director
World Cruising Club
Dear Compass Readers,

Readers ,

St. Vincent & the Grenadlnes


Rk -

Letter of

the Month

Dear Compass,
I read with interest the Compass readers' letters about Caribbean tides vis-a-vis
the meridian passage of the moon (see current table on page 29 of this month's
issue), and the explanation thereof by 'Captain Science' in the November issue.
I am not very scientific but I have sailed for 70 of my 80 years and since November
1956 have sailed the Caribbean in the engineless 46-foot Iolaire and the 28-foot
1-=- Li'l Iolaire. Since both boats were engineless I have spent a lot of time
I ...... it how to make the tides help me rather than hinder me.
My first piece of advice on the subject of tides is to not always trust what you read
and to be wary about what you believe. For instance, the modern tide tables say
there is only one high tide a day in the Virgin Islands. In 1959 or '60 my father found
in Foyles in London a copy of the Sailing Directions to the West Indies published by
Norie and Wilson in 1867. In that book I found tha' r 1 .i = 1. ..1 1 Danish
naturalist who lived in St. Croix, had worked out a .... i ... .- -- i 11 tides in
the US and British Virgin Islands. He pointed out that there are two tides a day in
the VI, with a major high tide and a minor high tide. At one point of the year the
major high tide is during the day, at another other time of the year its during the
night. Today, both the BA and NOAA claim there is only one high tide a day. The
Road Town, Tortola harbor pilot, sailor, and shipmate George Forster examined care
fully the tidal gauge that was temporarily installed in Road Town Harbour and con
firmed 1. ...1 1 ". r... 1..gs that there are, in fact, two high tides there each day.
In ab, ..i i i i ... i ,,, the US Library of Congress a 1913 Bowditch that had a
table giving high tide in relation to the meridian passage of the moon in probably 800
different locations. (The table for the Caribbean and Atlantic is reproduced on page
233 of the my Transatlantic Crossing Guide.) High water occurs approximately 50
minutes later each day, but it can vary by as much as 20 minutes plus or minus. If
once in a while one discovers an anomaly in the Meridian Passage of the Moon table
in the Compass, I probably made a few mistakes when transferring the info from the
British Admiralty's Nautical Almanac to the table I sent on to Compass.
In the Caribbean, the tidal current starts running east about one or two hours
after moonrise and ceases to do so about the time of the meridian passage of the
moon. So, basically, it's running -or trying to run -east for four hours of the
12-hour tidal cycle. The east-running flood tide is always fighti;-; -ii-=t the west
erly Equatorial Current, but this current is affected by the -1. ...II. i I. wind so,
if the wind is i..i. ... I ,1 ,. spring tides a few days after ne 1..1 ... .., you can
get a strong .-1 ,1 I I ,. tide.
Continually observing the current, I realized in the middle 1990s that within the
Virgin Islands the westerly flow of the Equatorial Current is not particularly strong,
as the islands block it. Thus, within the USVI and BVI the current runs six hours to
windward and six hours to leeward, whereas between the islands the current (if it
overcomes the westerly Equatorial Current) runs four hours to windward and eight
hours to leeward.
One year I sailed on a different boat every day in the Antigua Classic Yacht Regatta
and Antigua Sailing Week. After sailing on Titan, we were having lunch on Titan's
mother ship when Campbell Field, a young but very experienced hotshot navigator,
came on board and said to Peter Isler, "I have sailed ASW about eight times and
today for the first time I found an easterly current of one knot instead of the one knot
or more westerly current." Peter replied that he had sailed ASW more than a dozen
times and he had also discovered an easterly current for the first time.

I pointed out that, with no instruments, I had figured out that morning over my
coffee that there would be an easterly current! They were very interested when I
The rule of thumb I follow in the Eastern Caribbean is that high water comes about
one and a half hours after the moon passes overhead (or underneath), i.e., the upper
(and lower) passages of the moon as listed in the Nautical Almanac. An oversimpli
fiction that helps give a clearer view is that the tidal current tries to flow toward the
moon, i.e., when the moon is east of you after rising, the current turns to the east
(floods); after the moon has passed overhead and moves to the west, the tidal flow
also changes and also runs to the west (ebbs).
On the day I sailed on Titan, it was a couple of days after new moon, the tradewinds
had been light for almost a week, and moonrise was about two hours before our
start. So, given i 11. -1 -. I. I .. hree to five days after new and full moon,
everythinglinec .. I .... ., I II ,,. current.
They were amazed at my explanation as to how to try to predict the easterly set of
the current. Note I say "try". If I have been sailing every day, I figure I can predict
with 75 to 80 percent accuracy whether or not there will be an easterly current and
approximately how strong the flow will be. If I have not been sailing for a couple of
weeks, my batting average goes down to 50 percent. Anyone who claims to be able
to accurately predict the ebb and flow of the current in the Caribbean is either a liar
or a fool.

In the Eastern Caribbean, high water comes

about one and a half hours

after the moon passes overhead

Once observations have been made of the times of high and low tide at a location,
it is possible to predict these times well into the future. Over the course of centuries,
mariners have made observations for hundreds, if not thousands, of places world
wide. One of the most important data points, to use an in-vogue term, is the time of
high water at full (full moon) and change (new moon).
At full moon, the moon crosses the local meridianI .,i i ...... i 1 1... 1 1
at new moon at noon. The interval between meridian 1 i,11 .. I
new moon and the time of the next high tide is called the time of high water on full
and change days (HWF&C) for that location.
In the 1986 Street's Transatlantic Crossing Guide (a complete rewrite of tI" t 1
is in the process), I printed the table of HWF&C that I copied from a 1912 i,, i
Bowditch I found in the Library of Congress. But the information in it for the Eastern
Caribbean really does not make sense. From Martinique south, the time of high
water (HW) varies from 2 hours and 30 minutes to 3 hours and 50 minutes after the
meridian passage of the moon. Going from my description above in relation to the
moon, which does work, this means the current is turning west well before high
water. In the northern islands, HW is 7 hours 30 minutes to 9 hours after meridian
passage, but the old rule of current running toward the moon still holds.
I stand by the information that is found on the back of the Imray Iolaire charts. I
have never heard from any experienced sailor who has sailed in the Caribbean for
15 or 20 years that felt the tidal information on the back of the Imray Iolaire charts
was wrong.
Don Street

Anjo Insurance
Budget Marine
Marina Office

Ahoy, Compass Readers! 1. ..... ..... pick up your free monthly copy of
the Caribbean Compass at *.. I ,I. I cations (advertisers in this issue
appear in bold):
Epicurean, Friars Hill Road, 4
Customer Service Desk
Island Motors Gas Station, DOCKYARD/
Queen Elizabeth Highway ENGLISH HARBOUR

Antigua Slipway Chandlery
HotHotHotSpot Coffee Shop
Copper & Lumber Hotel
Galley Bar
Sunsail Reception Office
The Anchorage

Antigua Yacht Services
Baileys Supermarket
Falmouth Harbour Marina
Jane's Yacht Services
Antigua Yacht Club
AYC Marina Office
Mad Mongoose
Lord Jim's Locker
S1 11 I,.. a Breeze
"h I .j I .. I ,


/ email: crew@tradewindscruiseclub.com
TradeWinds Cruise Club operate a fleet of catamarans across
TRADEuwmo six destinations in the Caribbean.
We are the fastest growing charter company,
operating TERM CHARTERS, all inclusive, 7 days.
We are looking for crew, mainly teams in the form of a Captain and a Chef/Hostess.
We prefer couples that are married OR have been living togetherfor at least a year.
The nature of the job is such that the better the understanding and teamwork
between Captain and Chef the more successful your charters will be.
Requirements: Captain with a Skipper's licence.
Chef/Hostess with a basic understanding of cooking.
Dive master/ instructor for either the Captain and/or Chef is a plus.
We offer full training onsite in the Caribbean.
This is a FUN job with great earning potential. If you are willing to work hard and
have a positive disposition to life this could be your DREAM job.
Anyone with an interest is welcome to apply.
If you would like more information about this job or send your CV to us, please
use this email address:
or by mail to: Bequia Marina, P.O.Box 194BQ, Port Elizabeth,
Bequia, St Vincent & the Grenadines
Tel. St Vincent +784 457 3407 Tel. St Maarten +599 5510550

s Basil's Bar


V suitorss to Mustique are invited to:
i i i. I :i I'- ii: 1 I 1 i i 1 i,1 11 en
1 I II I I I I I I a I
II Ii I I i ,i I I i II I i i I
catch up on the I I I .. uch 1100am- 6m, andDner 7 30
until late. Come I I I I I , attend the I I I
and B BQ. B Bal' r is home of th e only Blues estvalm the Cant e I I I I I
Fsval takes place from January 26 -Fe rary 9, 2011. Call (784) 488-8350 or VHF 68.

I~~~ ,I I 1
ill I Ii '

S i, ,,erect forisland joy.
S II plus lots of Ts ts to

BASIUS GREAT GENERAL STORE: There is nothing general about Basl's Great General
Store. B f 1 1 1 I French wines, cheese from Europe, gourmet ams and sauces.
T + 1 I msual collection of books not to be missed. Fne food Paradise.
I I I I ..

ACROSS FOREVTF I 1 1 ,I antiques from Bah and India.
Across Forever has I I Asia and beyond, cnte orary
1 r Ill I accessones ancd more. Slippmig s easily an
II I IC II, t} t i ,

IUsitors to St Vincent are invited to:
BASIUS B E I I, ii 1 i 1 111 Air
condfitoned, II ,1 II I1 1 1 II I I ealsare
som eof he I I I II I II I
ill I, opened full service SPA located in Vlla across from Young Island. Also At
I I II o beautiful bamboo fmiture, contemporary pieces from Asia and beyond,
and r coffee shop by the sea.
Visit Basil's in Mustique or St. Vincent
www.basilsbar.com basils(@vincysiurfcom

W7---rar *trrd'rd.. FS


m vtwrx ISfat ninw |
USGCO StsYI tary tbr up
to ?O psene

St29,000plus powr
*Econnauanlu tewy aS
I Glns botftorn ev be
'________ F up r byach losin I
S. I & *

Cruising Couples -

Which One Are You?

by Nanette Eldridge

It is one thing to be a weekend cruiser and quite
another to live 24/7 on a 42-foot boat with your
mate. Lets face it -most working couples see
each other for a couple of hours at night and on
weekends. Cruising couples are forced to learn
lessons on how to get along for prolonged periods
of time in small spaces. The couples that learn
these lessons cruise for years and don't split up.
Luckily, most couples that take the long-term
cruising plunge have already sailed and lived
together for quite some time -that helps in most
cases. But there are still many adjustments that
come with cruising that even the closest couples
have to make.
As an active cruiser, I would like to share my
insights on two of the many cruising couples my
boyfriend, Bruno, and I have known and how they
cope. Read the fnlln-"inr observations and decide if you fit into either category.
Nervous Nelly i close friends from the US who dream of cruising the
Caribbean. The husband is a retired airline pilot and busting at the seams to
sail as far as the boat will take him. The wife, on the other hand, is anxious to
sail the Caribbean -as long as there will be no circumstances under which
land is out of her sight. The couple is very happily married, but they seem to
have different expectations on how and where they will cruise together. The wife
is perfectly happy on the boat in a marina, while the husband dreams of adven
tures at sea. Well, to say the least, this turned into some heated discussions
when the couple was scheduled to sail from Florida to St. Croix. What happened
in their case probably happens to many cruising couples: the reluctant partner
came up with numerous excuses as to why they could not leave the marina in
Florida. This went on for months, to the great consternation of the other part
ner. The bottom line is this -both partners need to be on the same page when
planning to cruise. If not, there will be disappointments on both sides. By the
way, Nervous Nelly got as far as the Bahamas and left the boat there until next
winter. Hopefully, by next year they will cruise a bit farther south. They are tak
ing baby steps, so to speak, but at least they are still together.
The Bickersons: We all know this couple and we all are this couple at some
point -especially when we women over 40 do not get our hormone medical
tions! But here is a 11 .1 .... I he Bickersons you will hear the following
on boarding their b( .1 -i ..- had to promise me a (full siz --fi; t-
AIS system, you fill in the blank) or else I refused to live with ..... .. .
boat." There is your first sign that there was bribery involved in choosing the
cruising lifestyle. One partner has promised the other that he/she will have
every convenience of modern life while they are cruising. How does it usually
work out? Unfortunately, some couples don't make it... and its not always the
wife who abandons ship. Take Kitty in Grenada, who is a lovely Texan on the
Cruiser Net from Clarks Court Bay Marina. She i.... i i .. i i
and sailed to the Caribbean -only to find out tl .. i ,,
the boat. Apparently, it may have been more he i.... ,I ... i... I..
. i i ,1 single on her boat, but I think there is a lesson to be learned here.
S i granted that your partner will stay with you -he or she may
have other ideas.
As for me, I have learned to cruise happily with my partner of eight years. We
have our ups and downs, like any other couple, but .= 1-n; '= I meet him half
way at least 50 percent of the time, I figure we are .I, 1I I I' game. And it is
a small price to pay for having the privilege of visiting all of the Caribbean
;=ln -., .-1 1:;--n: lifestyle that others only dream about.
S. I .. and Bruno Bruchhof are cruising the Caribbean aboard
Geronimo, a 42foot custom built Denchomar, Peterson-designed ocean racer.
Geronimo is a classic two-ton racer that was never lived on until Nanette and
Bruno bought her. Nanette says, "Believe me, there have been a lot of adjust
ments made so that we can live onboard, although I have never quite adjusted to
not having much in the way of a galley."


VHF Ch 16 & 68
Strange limited by the hills) BAR AND RESTAURANT
P.O. Box 851, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, CREDIT CARDS ACCEPTED
West Indies.
Tel: (784) 458-7270 Fax: (784) 457 9917 HAPPY HOUR 5-6
E mail: wallanch@vincysurf.com


2-5 Carlos Aguilar Memorial Match Race, St. Thomas, USVI. St. Thomas Yacht
Club (STYC), tel (340) 775-6320, fax (340) 775-3600,
info@styc.net, www.styc.net
3-5 Gustav Wilmerding 20th Annual Memorial Challenge, BVI.
West End Yacht Club (WEYC), Tortola, BVI, tel (284) 496-8685, mvh@surfbvi.com,
6- 11 48th Antigua Charter Yacht Show. www.antiguayachtshow.com
7 8 Yacht Industry Security Conference, St. Thomas, USVI.
11 Rescuers' Regatta, St. Maarten. St. Maarten Yacht Club (SMYC),
tel (599) 544-2075, fax (599) 544-2091, info@smyc.com, www.smyc.com
11 13 Sir John Compton Memorial Trophy & 'Diamond Dash' Races from
St. Lucia to Martinique and back. St. Lucia Yacht Club (SLYC),
tel (758) 452-8350, secretary@stluciayachtclub.com,
12 SLYC Fun Day. SLYC
12-21 Havana International Jazz Festival, Cuba. www.jazcuba.com
13- 17 Christmas Camp Youth Sailing, St. Lucia. SLYC
19 Carols Afloat in the Bay, Rodney Bay, St. Lucia. SLYC
21 Winter Solstice and Lunar Eclipse
25 Christmas Day. Public holiday in many places
26 Boxing Day. Public holiday in many places
27 Public holiday in many places because Boxing Day falls on Sunday
31 Nelson's Pursuit Race, Antigua. Antigua Yacht Club (AYC),
tel/fax (268) 460-1799, yachtclub@candw.ag, www.antiguayachtclub.com


1 New Year's Day. Public holiday or "recovery day" in many places.
Junkanoo parade in Abaco, Bahamas; Grand Carnival Parade in St. Kitts
2 Public holidays in Cuba (Victory of Armed Forces Day), Haiti (Founding
Fathers Day), and St. Lucia and Grenada (Second New Year's Day)
3 Carnival Last Lap, St Kitts. www.stkittsneviscarnival.com
6 Three Kings Day. Public holiday in many places
7 8 Crucian Christmas Festival Parades, St. Croix. www.stxfestival.com
10 Eugenio Maria de Hostos Day. Public holiday in Puerto Rico
10- 16 18th Annual Barbados Jazz Festival. www.barbadosjazfestival.com
11 12 Yacht Industry Security Conference, St. Thomas, USVI.
17 Martin Luther King Day. Public holiday in Puerto Rico and USVI
21 Mount Gay Rum Round Barbados Race. See ad on page 16
21 Errol Barrow Day; public holiday in Barbados. Our Lady of Altagracia;
public holiday in the Dominican Republic
23- 27 42nd Spice Island Billfish Tournament, Grenada. www.sibtgrenada.com
23- 29 Jamaica Jazz and Blues Festival, Montego Bay.
25 G.F. Croes Day; public holiday in Aruba
26 Duarte's Day; public holiday in the Dominican Republic
26- 29 Antigua Superyacht Cup. AYC
26- 9 Feb Mustique Blues Festival. www.basilsbar.com
27 30 Bequia Mount Gay Music Fest. See ad on page 53
28 6 Feb Grenada Sailing Festival. See ad on page 18
29 5 Feb Manhattan Sailing Club's BVI Cruise. www.myc.org
TBA St. Barts Music Festival. www.stbartsmusicfestival.org
TBA Carriacou Sailing Series. www.sailingcarriacou.com
TBA Budget Marine Women's Caribbean Championships, St. Maarten. SMYC

All information was correct to the best of our knowledge
at the time this issue of Compass went to press but plans change, s
o please contact event organizers directly for confirmation.
If you would like a nautical or tourism event listed FREE in our monthly calendar,
please send the name and date(s) of the event and the name
and contact information of the organizing body to
sally@caribbeancompass. com.

IUM1HUUS, 41'8eneteauMV1101 Low Price 89K
82' Dufur Nautitech 95, 10 ablIO hd 79SK 41'Bavaria 2003,Well Maintained 120K
58 Voydge 582I05: LuxurN CiA i[ IM 41 FrmosCTm 4r'74 Marnv Updale 89.K
.A 75I( 7 4 B.. M- 4.0 44 d ',a o- 85K
44'Lagoon 440 2006, 3 Avail- Start Q 495K( 4(Y~aa"Aa2W2;GIAAat~ c,- 99K(
41 Lagoor, 410,2'05,'062 Available 2991( 38'(2) Freedom'86/188Great Layout 79KI
I- F.1p.m I A3: .I, ,d i[. 1- ~60K 37' NatSwan 371,85, Beautiful 119K
SAiL 36bBeieteau 361'00,Very Good Cond. 75K
4 Ar*4 .C? P -,en 2Cl..; 344K 36 Moody 36CC 97-Strong Cmiuer 109K
54'20 Hyla 99(0 Lurury OceanCisi 590K 2n F-el.nq 3 6C'. I: l.A Low 10cd001 149K
4, C )1 ,1 Al - I., -. iaiq, im IT .1 I0 35 CamperNicholson 78RebultEng 399
50 Beneirw; ODcen,' 50 07M.i chnd 299K 33'Nauticat'86.Spacious and Immac. 120..
V!i r J, !rrA -2105 ~r) U-d Ad I All 13-0. 32 Jeanneau Aillala 85 Budget Cruiser 39K
46 Slil Keich Dulch Build Slrorq 35K 32 t 33 Cj A. 45K
F.11 ii 20GBP
46 Hunler 46 2002. VerIWell Kepi 217K POWER:
44 198'~JV' N-.. f 239K 63'JohnsonMotor Yacht'91 Luxury 375K
44CSYWalk&Mer'7% 2A iIlableStartn 659 52 eflerron Trawler 89 4 cab,4 hd 120K
43'Gulfstar 43 MKII 1977;Spacious 69K -lo r.P.1 IIA n A 91 v'., 289K
4~ 3 Bneta- Idylle 84.New anini 89K 4 I'Marine Trajdng Inil Tr.dewinds 69K
4.' Cr.~i.'i Ii- 124K 3i Harr--o i-cn-vl-i, Ii i4IRitijilinJ 69K
4i Endeauoui 9Grei Liveabord 99K 33'Pursuit 3070CC;Fast CeflerCvsole 99K
4.1 i), In.W.." I75K 29'Blackfin Flybridge Motoryacht 1996 95K
42Bnta o 4 2'95,1Fa st 95K www.bviyachtslaes.oTin

TEL: 8681 6344663 / 644868 FAX S% 634,4269
Cwontac( Frncim at dynamo irenarrnc(agi niai I.com
www~yaichwirld.com/dynamitehrokerag. YA C H TS

Large selection of Yachts & Power Boats

Compass Point Marina, 6300 Est. Frydenhoj, Suite 28,
St. Thomas, U.S.V.I. 00802

Tel: (340) 779-1660
Fax: (340) 779-2779

Southern Comfort Plum Crazy
60' 1982 Nautical Ketch, 45' 2003 Silverton MY
4 strms, excellent charter boat 3 strms, excellent condition
$199,900 $260,000
36' 1980 Albin Stratus, daysail business separate $45,000
38' 1967 Le Comte, Northeast 38, classic, excellent cond. $80,000
41' 1980 Morgan O/1 '04 Yanmar, A/C $69,000
50' 1978 Nautor MSailer, refit, excellent cruiser $325,000

37' 1986 CML Trawler, Great liveaboard, needs engs. $20,000
38' 1977 Chris-Craft Corinthian, roomy, cockpit $30,000
40' 1997 Carver MY, Cockpit for diving, twin Crusaders $89,900
58' 1974 Hatteras MY, Classic, DD's, 3 strms $110,000

Call, fax or visit our website for a complete list of boats for sale

Cirt ea Com as Iar e I IIl


A;Zhe 'Mad-i & BmIYald, UkiPUd a
,I Safre Haren (- Yic yis isn
* Full wmcc. Qielwd omwzii
* Eff i.A1 latyrd w lb ; 1 howr seitnly
* I wiN of cialtc, iq lo 70 fed
* Scvurc sf atc On co~ide
ltqti l n 1 0i L, I ,ioe & Nwtt3L Aiieui
L h 1riL Lc-4 L.r-

S IIW ] W 361 ( 11U
on 12 1F2-'ck


Providing all vital services to
Trans-Atlantic Yachts!
Incl. Chandlery, Charts, Pilots, Rigging
EU-VAT (15%) importation
Duty free fuel (+10.0001t)
TEL +351 292 391616 FAX +351 292 391656


EMAIL: 1 c i...', 11 @ hotmail.com
PHONE: 1 (784) 532 8006
Quality Services & the Best Prices
in the Caribbean

TEL: (784) 458-3420 / (784) 485-6255
FAX: (784) 458-3797
E-mail: lulley@vincysurf.com

Tel: 458 3485 VHF 68
I Situated just below Coco's Restaurant
( l iUrllt Ilj I Specialisingin chilled,
" g frozen & canned foods
Great selection of Cold Meats, Salami,Turkey, Prosciutto,
Cheese, Cream,Juices etc.
Seafood, Shrimp, Prawns, smoked & fresh Salmon, Fish, Lamb,
Steaks, Baguettes baked freshly every day.
Enjoy our popular Baguette Sandwiches made to order on
or off the premises or takeaway.Try our Smoothies!
Provisioning forYacht Charters, large or small orders
for Restaurants, Hotels,Villas or simply to enjoy at home.
Call us on VHF for our delivery service to your yacht
We are also situated in Calliaqua, St. Vincent 456 2987
Experience our friendly service as always!


continued on next page -


& Shoreline Mini-Market
We serve breakfast,
lunch and dinner
Phone (784) 458-3458
A friendly atmosphere where you can sit and meet people.
Admiralty Bay, Bequia
Noelina & Lennox Taylor welcome you!


Bcquia Port Elizabeth
Rigging, Lifelines
Stocked with lots of marine hardware,
filters, nuts & bolts, impellers,
bilge pumps, varnish & much more.

(784) 457 3856 Cell: (784) 495 2272 VHF 68

Gourmet Ice Cream
Fresh Yogurt
Frozen Yogurt
Fresh Fruit Sorbets
Qts. & Half Gal. Tubs

Tel: (784) 593 7264

Located at Gingerbread Cafe

- In

I el (8) S83 5


i i b Cma M a r e P l a e I


Land and houses for sale
For full details see our website:
or contact Carolyn Alexander at
Carrlacou Real Estate Ltd
e-mail: Islander@splcelsle.com
Tel: (473) 443 8187 Fax: (473) 443 8290

We also handle Villa Rentals &
Property Management on Carriacou

0ft 2F-r*- ft2


A r fabri c


S Martinique

Dominique AMICE
Port de Plaisance, 97290 Le Marin, Martinique, F.W.I.
Tel: + (596) 596 74 94 02 Fax: + (596) 596 74 7919
Mobile: + (596) 696 28 70 26 acyb@mediaserv.net
www.acyachtbrokers.com www.bateaux-antilles.fr

Martinique MO


Le Marnn. I


- @-41.... g.r.f1709
m ------

TechNick Ltd.
Engineering, fabrication and
welding. Fabrication and repair of
stainless steel and aluminium items.
Nick Williams, Manager
Tel: (473) 536-1560/435-7887
S.I.M.S. Boatyard, True Blue, Grenada

I -.I

Installation / Repair
Zac artimer Le Marin, Martinique FWI
Tel: + (596) 596 650 524 Fax: + (596) 596 650 053

Sea SeMices

Contact us at
seaservices972 G orange. fr
We're glad to help

109 rue Frnst DEPROGE
on the sea front
Te +596 59 70 26 69 Fax +9 596 71 6053

Voiles Assistance
Didier and Maria
Sails & Canvas (repairs & fabrication]
located at Carenantilles dockyard
Open Monday to Friday 8-1 2am 2-6pm
Saturday by appointment
tel/fax: (596] 596 74 88 32
e-mail: didier-ea-maria@wanadoo.fr
continued on next page -

10111TRS 1111)


Cirt ea Com as Iare I II

S Martinique

S diesel

Case Pilote Mart in iq u e
Service; frank@inboarddiesel.com
Parts: !) Il'- Il. 1 .'. rI. 'l f I

Marin, Martinique
MaQo *Bar
SY /J Restaurant
"' * Deli
Opening Hours Happy Hour Every Day
from7AM -11PM from 6 -7PM
Telephone: 0596 71 6089
WIFI Connection for our Guests
% .restaurant-niangoba\.conm

St. Lucia

L'Essence Massage
Karen's special Yacht Crew Massage"

Rodney Bay Marina, Tel: (758) 715 4661
E-Mall: Lessencemassage@spray.se
Karen O. Roberts
Diploma in Massage/SPA Therapy from Sweden

NEY Sail repairs, biminis,
awnings, new sails,
S rigging, splicing,
cockpit cushions,
S servicing of winches.
Agents for Doyle,
Furlex & Profurl
Tel: (758) 452-8648 or
St. Lucia (758) 584- 0291

E S ..... -,1,.l in .1 1,,, .
., -. I, f' fabrication
1 1"I I"I. ,. Director
Lawrence Lim Chee Yung
I a nlJ aLa Chinaman .
Fabrication op ulpits, stachions, davits, chiplates,
anchor jackets, solarpane are es &more
Rodney Bay Boatyard, Gros Islet, St. Lucia
Tel: (758) 485-0665 or (758) 384-0665
e-mail: ....1. ...34@yaoo.com

St. Lucia

St. Lucia
CALL ROGER AT (7581 284-6050

Steaks Seafood Pizzas
Marigot Bay, St Lucil
Third Generation locally.
owned & operated.
Happy Hour All Day & -II IJl.ct f
on our cocktails & b..r "
Free docking for yachts dining with us!
Free Water Taxi Pick Up
from your yacht to our dock!
5 and more people & captain eats for free!
Phone: 758-451-4772 VHF 16

Genuine local and international cuisine
right in the heart of Gros Islet
For reservations & informationTel:(758) 450-9792

rI fniM ling~gmaicm



i. _Nljrirw Dj-l Engine

n I )


(1-0 -,11 ,.- L
High oulpul Allrinams A RruuL~umn
(hram 1 Inrrn Ch2irgiri
10 soar 6 Wsnd .IeM1I
-., btere DeelJW a Cranking

St. Maarten

'o-Ing; 93 15 Sawr man'
Tol: +190 680 874 270
Email carecurmpoftey@hgo fi

St. Maarten/ St. Martin, collect
and deliver door to door
Packages Pick up call:
Tel/Fax: + (599) 544-3276
Tel/Fax: +1(305) 515-8388

continued on next page




SoWt rs shop

.d'li.0 & canvas
Pow Bo" COlp. O Iu si n M. 9, ia Tn7M1 i W I
F W044137 I 6M?7M | 5 vHrvCU I n! t n

!o, Ji.L. IL ; ,-1' I ^




2002, Fresh water-cooled
5-liter EFI Bravo 3 x 2 Mercury engines.
Generator, Air-conditioning, 190 engine hours.
Boat is in perfect condition Needs nothing.
US$ 59,000.00
Lying in St. Maarten Will deliver to neighboring islands.
Contact: Don Robertson* E-mail: cooklelee4u@cox.net
Phones: (599) 552- 9078 / US (619) 368-9078

tom@caribbeancompass.com or contact your local island agent

T4 L 4 To"4,4#1 At4, o ptiei4t

January 27 January 30, 2011

naI narvx; oD lRA.

'4 \I\~I\I


Hold Your Own

Basil's Bar

.,, _. DE REEF Mustique
.... Bequia
Thurs 27th, 9pm: 13-piece Elite Steel Orchestra @ Frangipani Hotel B i iKARIB
Fri 28th, 8.30pm: The Mustique Blues Festival comes to Bequia for 1 night @ De Reef '- j CABLE
Sat 29th, 1.00pm: Afternoon Jazz 'n' Blues Jam @ Bequia Beach Hotel, Friendship KMIOM ITKrrIm TOAL
Sun 30th, 1.00pm: Country Relatives Denzil Bacchus Blues Band Honky Tonics Grand Mount Gay Finale @ De Reef
www.begos.com/bequiamusicfest musicfest@begos.com Tel: (784) 458 3286

IT C WiS \mmBUsCH HOTEL 1 jfsw AI R
11f it P 04)(11 )i IT I .... i, M LTtI''Pl F[RlsuANaT So



No Rubbing. No Scrubbing. No Polishing.

Removes rust and "surface iron" that causes rust
Great for hard to reach places
Protects Stainless Steel
Less Time, Less Effort, Super Results!
Available at Island Water World or






1982 CATALINA 32 19.000 US
1986 OYSTER435 35.000 GBP
19871RWIN44 119.500 US
1999 BAVARIA 38 Caribic
55.000 US. 2006 BAHIA 46
Exclusive 435.000 US.
2009HUNIER45DS 239.000 US



cruiser GPS, RADAR, VHF, Auto
Pilot,. EPIRB,. SSB. Water Maker,

PiPtED I if J I : ,
all. New cockpit, deck ec.
Re-planked & re-fastened
in bronze. Quick boat. Lying
Antigua. Become part of
W.ndian sail. A non-profit
heritage rebuild.
US$29000.00 Offers. E-mail

35F CAPPlACO. 11O00O'
I.'.Et HLAc i : -,
r a r n r .. j .
Lying Antigua E-mail
GIBSEA 33, Price negotiable,
needs work, well equipped &

(596) 696 90 74 29
Tel (868) 739-6449
www.crackajacksailing.com A

but first la
30 hours
options (ii
CRUISER 1988 Center cock- Tel: (599
pit single owner, lovingly frankdreis
maintained. Sailed through
out the Caribbean and now '
located in Trinidad. Ready
for you to start cruising tomor
row. USD 189.999 E-mail

,wit .*.rr

uncnea i v//zuiu.
on twin engines
). All factory
nc.Bimini top) and
e. On boat lift.
. Contact Frank
)5231619 E-mail

I II i I I,
1 i ,,i

V 4 .. I

accommodations, electric
toilet, double bed, stove,
fridge, computer. Tel (473)
415-8271 E-mail Richard.


ingExcellebar in Carriacou. 2
Deoit 371 diesel engines.
Sleeps five with amenities.
Tel: (473) 538-4346

ots more. 41500DGBP offersL
anchored in Carriacou. Tel:
J 43-8730/ 457-5088/

G auldtoakpin978hot, a ecom

EC in ic Am inne t i
WOODEN YAWL, 54fte Buit
Barbadecks 19 2 x Leand
generator, air-con, EPIRB, VHF

considered. ULying Be a for
full detailsrphotos E-mail
pauldakinoup.co or tmail.com

EC ;ii i a Ai ii h L
WOODEN YAWL, 54ft, Built in
Barbados 1957, 2 x LeWand
120hp desels. US$10DO oa
nearest oafer. E-dlmlie.reece@
thegelgroup.com o martin.

435h. 500 gals fuel 100 water.
8kw gen. Sub Zero fidge and
freezer and cockpit freezer,
flat screen TV/DVD. fighting
chair, fish box, recent interior
redecorate, US$135,000.
Barbados Tel (246) 243-6111

1986 CT54 US$150,000.
Ford Lehman 135Hp. Northern

iBDUCE COBEi i-l i
Caribbean) and elegant live
aboard yacht was painted
Nov.2310 and is ready for future
passages. More photos on www.
apolloduckcom or by the own-
ers. Lyin Trnidad. E-mail john-

St. Thomas, USVI 65 ft Marina
Slip (N-6) with full title. East End,
St. Thomas facing St.John and
theBVIs. Adjacent to a beauti-
ful beach and pod facilities.
Safe, secure and just a 20 min-
utes boat ide to Tortoda BVI.
US$125000. OBO Tel: 787-366-
3536 E-mail vc99@aol.com
SPINNAKER POLE, 16ft. good
condition. EC$2000/offers
considered. UFERAFT. 8 per-
son SOLAS rated with paper-
work. Test due October 2010.
EC$4800/offers considered.
CLUTCH PUMP, brand new
with fittings. EC$2300/offers
considered. Bequia Tel:
(784) 432-5201
Thatsu30HP long shaftUS200,
Sail boat props 3 blade 13 to
22 from US200. Winches,
Barlow. Baent. Lewmar from
US 250. Yanmar 3HM35F best
offer. lft Valliant RIB US89O.
Aries Circumnavigator wind
vane best offer E-mail
Tel (758) 452 8531
6 cinders 225 KW Located
Macirique.LeMin. Ricenegothi
ce.Tel: (596) 6 227113. Edci

DEALS at http://doylecarib-

INSTRUMENTS, Discount prices:
U/w nacnfroiscctas. oaatesccm


Enneering Co. in Grenada is
seekdng technicians with work-
ing experience in marine diesel
engines, AC and refrigeration.
electrical, electronics, water
makers & wind generators.
Ideal for cruiser or independ-
ent tech. Pease E-mail CV to
American 61. Wife, 55,
Trinidadian cook, home/
health care provider, all
areas of interest. Contract
required, excellent docu-
ments upon request. E-mail

DECKHAND/MATE available.
Chapman School of
Seamanship graduate.
STCW-5, First AidCPR, SVG
50T Masters License, also a
good cook! Photos/experi-
ence/references available.
SVG/Bequia national. E-mail
kellee 435@hotmail.com

multi-acre tracts. Great
views overlooking Southern
Grenadines and Tyrrel Bay.

SPACE Lagoon Marina Cole
Bay 50 m ground floor + 24
m2 entresol $ 1450/per
month. Office space 40 m2
first floor $ 970/per month
Roadside unit with apart-
ment upstairs, ideal for shop/
living combo $ 1550/per
month. Water access, secu-
rity and parking included.
Tel: (599) 5442611

USVI. One bedroom/studio
units, short/long term availa-
ble. Starting at $125
Daily/$875 Weekly Tel:
(787) 366-3536 or E-mail
Large 2 bedroom house and/
or 1 bed studio apartment.
Big verandah and patio,
stunning view, cool breeze.
Internet cable TV. 2 weeks
minimum, excellent long
term rates. Tel: (784) 495 117
e-mail: louisjanvincysurf.com

100m2. established since
2002 located Carenantilles
Dockyard. Le Marin.
Martinique. New sewing
machines (less than 4 years)
Price 120 000 Euros Tel: (596)
596 74 88 32 E-mail didieret

POWERBOAT training availa-
ble now in Antigua by reco-
Competent Crew to
Yachtmaster Ocean availa-
ble. Pease call (268) 562
6696 E mail eb@ondeck-
oceanracing.com or visit us in
Antigua Yacht Club Marina,
Falmouth Harbour, Antigua.
Would you like to spend some
time on shore? We offer rooms
and apartments in local
homes all over Grenada at
affordable rates. US$30-120
per night. Come and be part
of the family!
Tel: 473 444 5845 473 456 9378.

to tell our advertisers you
saw their ad in Compass!



A&C Yacht Brokers Martinique MP
Al Island Manne Supplies St Lucia 38
ABC Manne Curacao 9
Admiral Yacht Insurance UK 44
Anjo Insurance Antigua 26
Antigua Classic Regatta Antigua 19
ARC Dynamic St Luia MP
Art & Design Antigua MP
Art Fabrlk Grenada MP
B & C Fuel Dock Petite Martinique 28
Barefoot Yacht Charters St Vincent 32
Barrow Sails & Canvas Tnnidad MP
Basil's Bar Mustique 48
Bay Island Yachts Tnnldad 49
Bequla Music Fest Bequla 53
Bequia Venture Bequia MP
Blanchards Customs Services St Lucia 39
Budget Marine Slnt Maarten 2
Business Development Co Tnnldad 20
BVI Yacht Sales Tortola 49
Camper & Nicholsons Grenada 55
Captain Gourmet Union Island 43
Caralbe Greement Martinique 12
Caralbe Greement Martinique MP
Canbbean Yachts Guadeloupe 46
Canbbean Manne Electrical Tnnldad MP
Canbbean Propellers Ltd Tnnidad MP
Canbbean Sailing Assoaaton C/W 19
Canbe Composite St Maarten MP
Carnacou Silver Diving Carnacou MP
Chateau Mygo Restaurant St Lucia MP
CIRExpress St Maarten MP

Clippers Ship
Club Nautico Regatta
Cooper Manne
Curacao Manne
De Komah Ba
Diesel Outfitters
Dockwise Yacht Transport
Dominica Marine Center
Down Island Real Estate
Doyle Offshore Sails
Doyle's Guides
Echo Manne Jotun Special
Ed Willaims Insurance
Femando's Hideaway
Food Fair
Ford Motors
Frangipani Hotel
Free Cruising Guides
Glttens Engines
Golden Taste
Gourmet Foods
Grenada Manne
Grenada Sailing Festival
Grenadines Sails
Inboard Diesel Service
lolaire Enterpnses
Island Water World
Johnson Hardware
Jolly Harbour
Jones Maritime
Kerry's Manne Servces

Puerto Rico
St Lucia
St Maarten
St Lucia
Sint Maarten
St Lucia
St Crolx



Kingfisher Manne Services Bequla
Lagoon Manna St Maarten
Laurena Hotel Carnacou
Le Phare Bleu Regatta Grenada
LEssence Massage St Lucia
Lulley's Tackle Bequia
LumbaDive Carnacou
Mango Bay Martinique
Maranne's Ice Cream Bequla
Marc One Manne Tnnidad
Mangot Beach Club St Lucia
Manna Zar-Par Dominican Rep
Mclntyre Bros Ltd Grenada
Mercury Manne Caribbean Wide
Mid Atlantic Yacht Services Azores
Mount Gay Regatta Barbados
Northern Lights Generators Tortola
Off Shore Risk Management Tortola
On Deck Antigua
Palm Haven Hotel St ucia
Perkins Engines Tortola
Petit St Vincent PSV
Piper Manne Bequia
PJ's Laundry Service Grenada
Porthole Restaurant Bequla
Power Boats Tnnldad
Quantum Sails Tortola
Renaissance Manna Aruba
Roger's Outboard Service St Lucia
Rodney Bay Sails St Lucia
Ryte Welding St Lucia
Sea Hawk Paints USA

Sea Services
Ship's Carpenter
Sparkle Laundry
Spice Island Manne
St Maarten Sails
St Thomas Yacht Sales
SVG Tounsm
Ti Manje
Ti' Ponton
Tikal Arts & Crafts
Trade Winds Cruising
Trans Caraibes Rallies
Treasure Island Casino
Turbulence Sails
Turbulence Sails
Tyrrel Bay Yacht Haulout
Virgin Gorda Yacht Harbour
Voi es Assistance
Wallilabou Anchorage
Woodstock Boatbuilders
Xanadu Manne

Martinique MP
Tnnidad MP
St Lucia 45
Grenada 25
St Maarten 31
St Thomas 49
St Vincent 33
St Vincent 21
Grenada MP
St Lucia 41
Martinique 37
Grenada MP
Bequla 47
St Maarten MP
Canouan 44
Grenada 8
Grenada MP
Carriacou 28
Venezuela 27
Virgin Gorda 22
Martinique MP
Martinique 6
St Vincent 48
Martinique MP
Antigua MP
Venezuela 27
Martinique MP

CW = Caribbean wide
MP = Market Place pages 43 to 45



Include name, address and numbers in count.

Line drawings/photos
accompanying classified are US$10.

Pre-pid by Ihe 15ih of the month.

Your Classified

is on the Internet

'~ ''

Port Louis Marina, Grenada -

beautiful, welcoming, affordable


New Season Rates 1 December to 31 May
LO in feet Diy*tM tl$ 6

Camper &


+ i



Legendary brands and great gifts
for the holidays! A wide assortment ol .* .A
quality, stainless steel pocket tools and
knives to choose from always
appreciated by the sailor in your life. .-
Knives from as low as S26.20, Multi-tools from as low as 537.80



Mirror-polished stainless steel Gas and Charcoal
BBQ's designed, tested and manufactured by boat-
ers for boaters in an environmentally compatible
way. Magma is setting the highest standards ol
excellence in quality, performance and customer
service. 140 ,
Charcoal from 5140.25, Propane from 5196.35

Store prices good while stocks last and for the month of December only.
Prices in Curacao may be 10% higher.


Equipped with hand-laid blue carbon blades
wind tested to 122kph, and an external
- hybrid controller with integrated multifunc-
tion-LCD-display for wind and solar power.
Integrated electronic/manual stop switch:
extremely quiet with 400 watts output; very
good start-up performance at 2,2m/s wind
Priced at S1,597.50

rV TBT Copolymer 45% Copper, 15% TBT.
Developed lor the harshest marine
environments, Caribbean Gold is a high
W performance, export only, multi-season
sell-polishing antifouling that contains a
S high load of both copper & Un. Perfect for
sailboats, super yachts and sport fsher-
man. A high performance antlfoullng at a
great price.
Priced at $240.00 per Gallon

Cressi is a leader in the innovation and develop-
ment of dive gear. At Island Water World,
we carry a great range of value driven products
geared toward first-time and recreational divers:
from Buoyancy Compensators to Regulators,
Gauges and Fins.

ALL FEND-AIR INFLATABLE FENDERS Fins from $69.95, Regulators from $118.00, BCD's from S300.00
Light weight and easy to deploy. Manufactured ol
heavy-duty urethane and vinyl-coaled nylon fabric
lor high strength, puncture and
abrasion resistance
in and resistance to
p. From 12" x 24" up 1o
48" x 72".
,m Starting as low as $90.70 Wat r W world

Skeep you sailngl a

St. Maarten, Cole Bay: + 599.544.5310 Bobby' Marina: + 599.543.7119
St Lucia: + 758.452.1222 Grenada: + 473.435.2150 Curacao: + 599.9.461.2144

10%111SCUNT great



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