Group Title: Lake Alfred AREC Research report
Title: Packinghouse newsletter
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Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095555/00032
 Material Information
Title: Packinghouse newsletter
Series Title: Lake Alfred AREC Research report
Alternate Title: Citrus packinghouse newsletters
Packing house newsletter
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Citrus Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Indian River Research Education Center
Publisher: Citrus Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Lake Alfred Fla
Lake Alfred Fla
Publication Date: March 1972
Copyright Date: 1965
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Harvesting -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Packing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued on the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: No.1 (Sept. 1, 1965)-
Issuing Body: Issued by the Citrus Experiment Station (no. 1-38); Lake Alfred (Fla.) Agricultural Research and Education Center (no. 39-136); Lake Alfred (Fla.) Citrus Research and Education Center (no. 137-189); and the Ft. Pierce (Fla.) Indian River Research and Education Center (no. 190- ).
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: No. 202 (Aug. 1, 2005)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095555
Volume ID: VID00032
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02430250
lccn - 2006229390

Full Text
rsletter No. 44


CS-1972-7
March 14, 1972
1000-WFW-Lake Alfred, Florida 33850







Editor: W. F. Wardowski
Harvesting and Handling Section
University of Florida
Agricultural Research and Education Center
P. O. Box 1088
Lake Alfred, Florida 33850


UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

and

STATE OF FLORIDA, DEPARTMENT OF CITRUS


*Anyone wishing to receive this newsletter
may send a dozen stamped, preaddressed
envelopes to the above address.


HUME LIBRARY

MAR 72


I.F.A.S. Univ. of Florida








Newsletter No. 44


CS-1972-7
March 14, 1972
1000-WFW-Lake Alfred, Florida 33850


Harvesting and Handling Section


PACKINGHOUSE


NEWSLETTER


PEEL INJURY OF VALENCIA ORANGES


A type of peel inuury called "stem-end rind breakdown (SERB)" is occurring
on 'Valencia' oranges and may appear on any citrus variety. SERB is common on
oranges with comparatively immature peel when there is low humidity in the air
and any delay in the period between picking and waxing. Susceptible fruit
commonly look normal when packed, but stem-end rind breakdown develops during
transit and marketing. SERB symptoms usually appear as a collapse of the cells
at the stem-end (button-end) of the fruit. A narrow ring of cells around the
button generally remains normal in appearance. This ring of healthy tissue
is useful for identification. The area of breakdown gradually increases in
size and becomes darker in color. SERB results in increased decay and may cause
a reduction in fruit size.

Cause: Loss of water from the fruit. Small-sized, thin-skinned fruit are most
apt to develop these symptoms. Fruit left in the field under drying conditions
a few hours after picking is likely to develop SERB. A deficient layer of
natural wax could contribute to such water loss. (See Packinghouse Newsletter
No. 42).


How to avoid stem-end rind breakdown:


In the grove
1. The time between picking and waxing should be as short as possible.
2. Keep fruit shaded after picking.
3. Cover loads of fruit with a canvas, especially when long hauls are
involved. Do not use plastic as it traps heat.

At the packinghouse
1. If fruit must be held over 6 hours before packing, place fruit in a
degreening room with high humidity (over 90%) with fans operating
for air movement.
2. Do not use ethylene or heat unless degreening is necessary.

These holding conditions will keep the fruit as firm as when it was
brought to the packinghouse. Waxed fruit may develop SERB if held too long
under drying conditions, particularly in the period prior to waxing. Wash, wax,
and pack the fruit as soon as possible after picking. Waxed fruit in cartons are
additionally protected from drying conditions by the humidity level within the
carton.

All varieties of oranges and mandarin-type fruit are subject to SERB to
varying degrees. Grapefruit do not develop this type of peel injury unless they
are exposed to extreme drying conditions.






Newsletter No. 44


Additional information may be obtained from Circular 286 which has a color
picture of stem-end rind breakdown. This circular is listed in the Available
Publications at the end of this Newsletter.

A. A. McCornack
Department of Citrus
Lake Alfred-

W. F. Wardowski
Extension Service
Lake Alfred


RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS OF THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT

On December 29, 1970, the President signed into law the Williams-Steiger
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, which became effective April 28, 1971.
The purpose of this legislation is to assure safe and healthful working conditions
for the nation's wage earners.

Beginning July 1, 1971, every employer engaged in any business affecting
commerce who has one or more employees must keep occupational injury and illness
records for his employees in the establishment at which his employees usually
report to work,

Recordkeeping requirements under the Occupational Safety and Health Act may
differ from your State workmen's compensation requirements.

Every employer must maintain in each establishment:
a log of recordable occupational injuries and illnesses, and
supplemental records of each occupational injury or illness.

Every employer must keep the records up to date, have them available to
government representatives, and post a summary of all occupational injuries and
illnesses at the conclusion of the calendar year. In addition, employers must
report to the Secretary of Labor within 48 hours each accident or health hazard
that results in one or more fatalities or hospitalization of five or more employees.

The forms necessary to keep these records are the:
Log of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 100)
Supplementary Record of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 101)
Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 102).

Instructions for completing the forms are printed on the back of each form.
The forms are available from regional offices of the Bureau of Labor Statistics
located in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Kansas City,
Denver, San Francisco, and Seattle.

The law requires that employees be informed of job safety and health protection
provided under the Act. A poster is available from any of the Regional offices


March 14, 1972"*






Newsletter No. 44


listed above, and this poster must be posted in a prominent place in the establish-
ment to which the employees usually report to work. The poster briefly states the
intent and coverage of the Act and the responsibilities of employers and employees
to maintain safe and healthful working conditions.

Log of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

Each recordable occupational injury and occupational illness must be entered
on a log of cases (OSHA Form No. 100) within two working days of receiving infor-
mation that a recordable case has occurred. Logs must be kept current and retained
for five (5) years following the end of the calendar year to which they relate.

Logs are to be maintained for three purposes:
1. Logs for the prior five (5) year period must be available in the establish-
ment without delay and at reasonable times for examination by representatives of
the Department of Labor or the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, or States
accorded jurisdiction under the Act.
2. The log will be used in preparing the annual summary of Occupational
Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form No. 102) which must be posted in every establishment.
3. Those establishments selected to participate in a statistical program will
be required to prepare a report based on entries in this log.

In addition, the log will aid in reviewing the occupational injury and illness
experience of employees.

Supplementary Record of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

To supplement the Log of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA No. 100),
each establishment must maintain a record of each recordable occupational injury or
illness. Workmen's compensation, insurance, or other reports are acceptable as
records if they contain all facts listed below or are supplemented to do so. If
no suitable report is made for other purposes, this form (OSHA No. 101) may be used
or the necessary facts can be listed on a separate plain sheet of paper. These
records must also be available in the establishment without delay and at reasonable
times for examination by representatives of the Department of Labor and the Depart-
ment of Health, Education, and Welfare, and States accorded jurisdiction under the
Act. The records must be maintained for a period of not less than five years
following the end of the calendar year to which they relate.

Summary Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

Every employer is required to prepare a summary of the occupational injury
and illness experience of the employees in each of his establishments at the end
of each year within one month following the end of that year. The summary must
be posted in a place accessible to the employees. OSHA Form 102 is to be used
for this summary.

Additional information concerning this law may be obtained by contacting the
Acting Regional Administrator, Occupational Safety and Health Administration,


March 14, 1972







Newsletter No. 44


U. S. Department of Labor, with appropriate jurisdiction, or you may contact the
Office of Information Services, Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
U. S. Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. 20210.

PPMA Report
September 3, 1971


AVAILABLE PUBLICATIONS

Available from Dr. W. Wardowski, Harvesting & Handling Section, Agricultural
Research and Education Center, P. 0. Box 1088, Lake Alfred, Florida 33850.

"Abscission Chemical 'Woos' Stubborn Citrus Off Trees" by W. F. Wardowski,
American Fruit Grower 92(2):24. February, 1972.

"Practical Measures for Control of Stem-end Rind Breakdown of Oranges" by
A. A. McCornack and W. Grierson. Ext. Circ. 286. May, 1965.

Available from Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services,
Division of Marketing, Mayo Building, Tallahassee, Florida 32304.

"Packaging Florida Produce: What Merchandisers Want" Results of a survey of
chain stores. Market Analysis Series MA 1-72. 38 pages, February, 1972.


March 14, 1972




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