Group Title: Lake Alfred AREC Research report
Title: Packinghouse newsletter
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Packinghouse newsletter
Series Title: Lake Alfred AREC Research report
Alternate Title: Citrus packinghouse newsletters
Packing house newsletter
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Citrus Research and Education Center (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Indian River Research Education Center
Publisher: Citrus Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Lake Alfred Fla
Lake Alfred Fla
Publication Date: August 1968
Copyright Date: 1965
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Harvesting -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Citrus fruits -- Packing -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Additional Physical Form: Also issued on the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: No.1 (Sept. 1, 1965)-
Issuing Body: Issued by the Citrus Experiment Station (no. 1-38); Lake Alfred (Fla.) Agricultural Research and Education Center (no. 39-136); Lake Alfred (Fla.) Citrus Research and Education Center (no. 137-189); and the Ft. Pierce (Fla.) Indian River Research and Education Center (no. 190- ).
General Note: Title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: No. 202 (Aug. 1, 2005)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095555
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02430250
lccn - 2006229390

Full Text
c~-s b6-7

Citrus Station Mimeo Report CES 69-7
August 16, 1968



Ne letter

Harvesting and Handling Section
University of Florida
Citrus Experiment Station
P.O. Box 1088
Lake Alfred, Florida, 33850
(Complimentary to members of the Florida Fresh Citrus Shippers Association.
Others wishing to receive this newsletter, send a dozen stamped preaddressed
envelopes to the above address.)

Newsletter No. 17 (*-*)
Citrus Station Mimeo Report CES 69-7
August 16, 1968
600-WG-Lake Alfred, Florida

Harvesting and Handling Section



Our Seventh Annual Packinghouse Day Program will be held on Wednesday,
September 4. Please mark this date on your calendars and feel welcome to join
us. A copy of the program is attached to this newsletter.


The following item is taken from the Produce Packager, Vol. 12 (13), July 12,
1968. Produce Packaging and Marketing Association, Inc. Newark, Delaware.


Effective June 30, 1968, the European Common Market (ECM) Countries -
Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands require
special markings on containers of fresh fruits and vegetables originating
in the United States and other countries.

Packages of apples, apricots, artichokes, beans, carrots, cauli-
flower, cherries, chicory, citrus, endive, table grapes, lettuce, onions,
peas, pears, plums, spinach, strawberries and tomatoes are required to
be marked with the following information:

(1) Country of origin.
(2) The variety of each of the following: apples, apricots,
cherries, table grapes, oranges, pears, and plums.
(3) The ECE (Economic Commission for Europe) grade. Packages
may be marked with the ECE grade in the country of origin;
by the importer on arrival; or by the first buyer
under control of competent authority of the importing country.
USDA officials suggest that exporters consult with their
importers regarding the most appropriate point for marking
the ECE grade on containers.

Any additional information on the above regulation may be obtained
from the Fruit and Vegetable Division, Consumer and Marketing Service,
U.S.D.A., Washington, D.C., 20250.

August 16, 1968


Before buying new brushes, consideration should be given to the citrus fruit
you are planning to pack. Fruit picked early in the season may have an immature
peel which is easily injured. Citrus fruit is often degreened for 72 hours or
longer early in the packing season. The degreening procedure sensitizes the peel,
making it more subject to injury from brushing.

Buy brushes stiff enough to scrub the fruit but without injuring it. We
have frequently observed brush scratches on early season fruit. This type of
injury is usually not common later in the season after the fruit is more mature,
degreening discontinued, and the brushes have been used. However, unless care is
taken, even fully mature fruit may be injured if new brushes are put in the line
late in the season. This is particularly true of smooth skinned fruit of advanced

It is important that washer brushes be wet before using the packing line.
Use washing materials at the recommended concentrations. Automatic wipeout equip-
ment should be used where practical so that fruit will not idle on the brushes and
become brush burned. Fruit delivery should be channeled so that a uniform flow
occurs across the width of the washer thus obtaining good cleaning action without
excessive brushing of some fruit.

Brushes should be rinsed thoroughly at the end of each day's run, particularly
when materials containing Dowicide A (SOPP) are used for washing fruit. Brushes
should be rinsed while revolving.

Do not use: 1. Bassine or Palmyra brushes. These brushes are usually too
stiff for washing citrus fruit.

2. Concentrations of any soap, detergent or fungicide formul-
ation lower than the minimum suggested strength. Weak
formulations may not provide the needed lubrication result-
ing in brush injury.

Andrew A. McCornack
Harvesting and Handling Section
Florida Citrus Commission


Attention is drawn to the Annual Meeting of the Florida State Horticultural
Society, November 5-7 at the Carillon Hotel, Miami Beach. The program has not
yet been published but we expect to have papers from the Citrus Experiment Station
and Florida Citrus Commission on a very wide variety of both pre- and post-harvest
citrus research. Membership in this society is well worthwhile, if only to receive
the Annual Proceedings which report current research on all aspects of horticultural
research in Florida. We can supply application forms to anyone who is interested.

No. 17


"FDA Guidelines for Chemistry and Residue Data Requirements of Pesticide Petitions",
March 1968. Available from: Bureau of Science, Food and Drug Administration,
Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Washington, D.C. 20204. NOTE: This
is a technical publication primarily for the use of manufacturers of pesticides
and the scientists who work with them. It would, however, give background infor-
mation to any shipper who occasionally has to reassure some member of the public
that pesticides are used only under rigidly controlled safeguards.

"Annual Report of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations". Available
from: Bulletin Room, Agricultural Extension Service, Rolfs Hall, University
of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32601. NOTE: This 400 page report covers brief
reports of research for 1966-67 for all the 21 Experiment Stations and Field Labora-
tories of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, together with a directory
of all research workers in the system, technical papers published during the year,
etc. Due to a recent incorporation of the University of Florida into the nation-
wide CRIS computerized reporting system, this will be the last such annual report

August 16, 1968

No. 17

in cooperation with


Wednesday, September 4, 1968 at the Citrus Experiment Station, Lake Alfred, Florida.

NOTE: Box lunches will be served. Visitors wishing lunch (except program
participants) please purchase tickets immediately upon arrival in
order that a lunch can be ordered for you.


9:00 The Packinghouse Day Program is being preceded by a meeting of the F.C.C.
Experimental Container Evaluation Committee. This will be in the same
auditorium and is open to the public.


10:00 Welcome Dr. Herman J. Reitz, Horticulturist and Head, University of
Florida, Citrus Experiment Station, Lake Alfred, Florida, 33850.

10:05 Dr. John A. Attaway, Scientific Research Director, Florida Citrus Commission,
Introduction of staff members of the Harvesting and Handling Section.

Brief summary reports on research results and industry developments.
(Approximately 10 minutes per speaker).

10:20 Harvesting

Bill Wilson, Florida Citrus Commission, "Field Studies with Abscission

10:30 Decay Control Research

Eldon Brown, Florida Citrus Commission, "Decay Control: Prevention
Rather than Cure".

Andy McCornack, Florida Citrus Commission, "Improving the Effectiveness
of Fungicide Applications".

Fred Hayward, Citrus Experiment Station, "Factors Affecting Fungicide
Residues from Dow-hex Application".

Drexel Dennis, Florida Division of Fruit and Vegetable Inspection.
"Trends in Fungicide Residues in Commercial Shipments".

11:10 Degreening

John Smoot, Market Quality Research Division, USDA, Orlando. "Degreening
Robinson and Other Early Hybrid Fruits".

Marion Oberbacher, formerly Florida Citrus Commission, now Texas A & M,
"Ethrel A New Approach to Degreening". To be presented by Mohamed Ismail.

11:30 Storage and Transport

Bill Chace, Market Quality Research Division, USDA, Orlando. "Storage
Requirements for Florida Citrus".

Bill Grierson, Citrus Experiment Station, "Simulated Shipping and Market-
ing Tests with Six Containers and Two Fungicides".

11:50 Packinghouse Modernization

Earl Bowman, Transportation and Facilities, USDA, Gainesville. "Cost
Reduction Outlook from Tests of Automatic Bagging Machines".

12:00 The Wright Tilt-fill bagging machine will be demonstrated in the packing-
house during lunch hour.

12:00-12:50 Box lunches will be served in the cannery or on the grounds depending
on the weather.

12:50 Henry Reinhart, Wright Machinery Co., Durham, N.C. "The Tilt-fill Auto-
matic Bagger for Citrus Fruits". (Discussion period).

1:20 Bill Grierson, Citrus Experiment Station, "New Packinghouse Developments
in California and Texas".

1:30 Economic Research

Leo Polopolus, Florida Citrus Commission, Gainesville, "Economic Research
toward Greater Packinghouse Efficiency".

Bernie Lester, Florida Citrus Commission, Gainesville, "Market Research
for Fresh Citrus".

1:50 Teaching

Dr. A.H. Krezdorn, Chairman, Fruit Crops Department, University of Florida,
Gainesville. "The Teaching Program as Related to Postharvest Research".

2:00 Turn meeting over to Tom Brandon, President, Florida Fresh Citrus Shippers

2:05 Business Meeting: Florida Fresh Citrus Shippers Association. (This is a
private meeting, not open to the general public).

2:15 Meeting of research workers (University of Florida, Florida Citrus Commission,
Florida Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Agriculture) in
the new Research Laboratory Building. This is across the road, north of
the Production Building.

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs