Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block File Duplicate Material
Title: Statement for Management (Third draft)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095554/00019
 Material Information
Title: Statement for Management (Third draft) Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Block File Duplicate Material
Physical Description: Report
Language: English
Publication Date: 1978
Physical Location:
Box: 8
Divider: Block File Duplicate Material
Folder: Block File Duplicate Material
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
48 King Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Government House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 48 King Street
Coordinates: 29.892465 x -81.313142
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095554
Volume ID: VID00019
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

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STATEMENT FOR MANAGEMENT

(THIRD DRAFT)


CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT


Prepared by:
erintdedent


June 28, 1978
Date


WASO
Policy Review:


Daniel J. Tobin, Jr.


Associate Director
Management and Operations


Final Approval:
Regional Director
Southeast Region


May 5, 1978
Date


Date


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I. PURPOSE OF THE PARK

Based on the Antiquities Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225),

Presidential Proclamation No. 1713 (43 Stat. 1968), dated

October 15, 1924, proclaimed Fort Marion (as the Castillo was

known from 1825 to 1942) together with the historic structures

and objects appertaining to be a national monument.


The fundamental purpose of the Castillo de San Marcos National

Monument is to conserve the scenery, history, historical objects

of the structure known as Castillo de San Marcos, and its

surrounding lands which are associated with the Spanish influence

and subsequent cultures in what is now the United States, and to

provide for the enjoyment of these values in such a manner and

by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of

future generations. See appendix for appropriate legislation

which substantiates this purpose, as follows:

A Proclamation, October 15, 1924

Act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 2029)

Act of June 5, 1942 (56 Stat. 312)

Act of July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317)

Act of August 27, 1964 (78 Stat. 611)









II. SIGNIFICANCE OF PARK RESOURCES

Castillo de San Marcos is the symbol of the presence since 1565

of Spain in today's Southeastern United States. Spain's settle-

ment of Florida confirmed and strengthened her title to this

section of the Spanish colonial empire. Its continuous occupation

denied to other nations the use of Florida's east coast as the

site of potentially hostile bases along the vital intercontinental

seaway.


The Anglo-Spanish struggle for the Southeast opened with English

settlement at Charleston in 1670, on Spanish-claimed land. This

hastened the decision to replace the wooden fort in order to con-

tain English expansion, for the intensity of the contest was bound

to increase. Thus Spain constructed the masonry fortification

that still survives and reminds us of her contribution to the

settlement of the continental United States. Castillo de San Marcos

played a major part in delaying the advent of English supremacy in

the Southeast.


The Castillo is the oldest masonry fortification within the

continental United States. It is also exceptionally preserved,

clearly illustrating the development of European military architec-

ture and its transplantation and adaption to the New World.


The historic structure of Castillo de San Marcos and its component

works -- moat, ravelin, water battery, covert way, and covert way

wall -- occupy a surface area of 346,336 square feet. The










Castillo walls are 30 feet high. The City Gate pillars, also part

of the National Monument, cover an area of 864 square feet and are

24 feet high.


The condition of the Castillo and the City Gate pillars is good,

and results from stabilization work performed by the War Department

and the National Park Service.


Major topographic features.

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument is located in the City of

St. Augustine (Florida), mid-way down the eastern shore of a

peninsula bounded on the east by the Matanzas River, Hospital

Creek, and Robinson Creek, and on the west and south by the San

Sebastian River. The peninsula is four-and-a-half miles long

from the north city limit to the junction of the San Sebastian

and Matanzas Rivers, one mile wide at its widest point, and one-

half mile wide at its narrowest point. The lower half of the

peninsula is split in two by tidal Maria Sanchez Lake, three-fourths

mile long, which joins the Matanzas River north of the junction of

the latter with the San Sebastian.


The St. Augustine peninsula is flat land and sandy soil. Ex-

tensive portions of it have been earth-filled. Tidal marsh land

girds three sides, but it is more extensive north of the Monument

to the city limit and at the southern tip of the peninsula.


The St. Augustine peninsula is predominantly an urban area. The









other two urban concentrations within the city limits are north

Anastasia Island, to the east beyond the Matanzas River, and West

Augustine, beyond the San Sebastian. The residential development

on north Anastasia has been built on filled-in marsh land.


Two main roadways parallel each other up the St. Augustine peninsula

for three-fourths of its length. From the south, U. S. 1 enters the

peninsula by crossing the San Sebastian River southwest of the

Monument, and runs northward along the western shore. About one

mile before reaching the north city limit, it is joined from the

west by Florida 16, which is actually a feeder from 1-95, five miles

west of St. Augustine. About one-half mile from the city limit,

U. S. 1 is joined from the southeast by San Marco Avenue.


Florida A1A, the other roadway, runs on Anastasia Island from the

south. It enters St. Augustine peninsula from the east over the

Bridge of Lions, turns northward, and reaches the Monument's

southern boundary. Between the bridge and the boundary, A1A is known

also as Avenida Menendez. Entering the Monument, the 4-lane highway

becomes Castillo Drive also, follows the southern and western boundary

lines, and leaving the Monument runs outside a part of the western

boundary line.


Just outside the northwest point of the Monument's boundary, off a

privately-owned commercial chain visitor attraction, Castillo Drive

branches westward to U.S. 1, 3/10s of a mile away. Florida A1A, picking










up the name San Marco Avenue, continues northward eight-tenths mile,

turns eastward to proceed over Vilano Beach Bridge, and then turns

northward. San Marco Avenue continues another mile to its junction

with U. S. 1.


East of the St. Augustine peninsula, that part of the Matanzas River

extending from the shore line of St. Augustine's historic quarter to

St. Augustine Inlet is known locally as Matanzas Bay. The inlet,

connecting the bay and the Atlantic Ocean, is a man-made World War

II cut. South of the bay end of the inlet, north Anastasia Island

is indented from north to south by a body of water called Salt Run,

three miles long and a dead-end. The land between Salt Run and the

Atlantic Ocean is called Conch Island.


North of St. Augustine Inlet is Vilano Point, where the Tolomato

(North) River's mouth is located. The Tolomato affords water

passage northward to the St. Johns River. From St. Augustine Inlet,

the Matanzas River, actually an arm of the sea, extends sixteen miles

southward to the Atlantic Ocean again through Matanzas Inlet, forming

Anastasia Island. Both the Tolomato and Matanzas Rivers are the local

segment of the Intracoastal Waterway.


Castillo de San Marcos National Monument contains twenty acres of

contiguous land. However, Florida A1A separates a small triangular

parking lot, another small piece of land, and the City Gate pillars

from the bulk of the Monument.









On the south and west, the Monument is bounded, from the south to

the northwest, by Avenida Menendez, Cuna Street, Charlotte Street,

a tavern, a private residence, a gift shop, a restaurant's rear

parking lot, another gift shop, Fort Lane, a moped rental lot, a

privately-owned visitor attraction, Orange Street, and Florida A1A.

Outside this southern and western boundary line, a restaurant, a

visitor attraction belonging to the Historic St. Augustine Preservation

Board (an agency of the State of Florida), and a city visitor

information center are located across Cuna Street, Charlotte Street,

and Florida A1A, respectively. Inside the south boundary line,

adjoining Cuna Street, there is a triangular "bus" parking lot

separated from the bulk of the Monument by Florida AIA, but it is

not used by buses because of the hazard in entering to and exiting

from it.


On the north, the Monument's boundary adjoins, from west to east,

a privately-owned commercial chain visitor attraction, its parking

lot, a private residence, Water Street, and another private

residence. A fence separates the Monument from its neighbors.


On the east, the Monument is bounded by the Matanzas River. A

sea wall "fences" the Monument from the river.


Between the south front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, there is a

138-car main parking lot and a bicycle rack for visitor use. A

walkway leads from the parking lot to a concrete apron just outside

the ravelin drawbridge of the Castillo. To the south of the draw-









bridge there is a temporary booth for collecting the admission fee.

Along the sea wall, another walkway parallels the entrance walkway.

On top of the glacis, parallel to the entrance walkway, a small paved

area with benches offords a place of rest to the visitors.


Between the west front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, there stands

on the grounds a concrete reproduction of part of a Spanish earth-

work line.


On the north grounds, a pedestrian walk from the City Gate and another

one from the water battery cross over to Water Street. On the north-

west corner of the Monument stands the administration building and its

parking lot. Inside the north boundary line, there is an exit road

from the administration building to Water Street. A chain gate at

inner end of the parking lot and a log gate at Water Street close the

exit road when required.


Dominant vegetative cover

Despite its urban character, the St. Augustine peninsula is dotted

with slash and longleaf pine, oak, cedar, elm, and hackberry trees,

and the sabal and Washingtonia palms. The tidal marshes grow grass.

For soil over, St. Augustine and rye grass are used mainly. And of

course, there are the ornamental shrubs and plants commonly used in

landscaping, such as yucca aloifolia, oleander, crepe myrtle, etc.

Within the Monument, the entrance sign site, the triangular "bus"

parking lot, the strip separating Florida A1A and the main parking

lot, and the City Gate site are landscaped with one or more of the










following: day lilies, oleander, crepe myrtle, Southern wax myrtle,

yaupon holly, Canary Islands date palms, sabal palms, shore junipers,

coontie palms, Carolina laurel cherry, Japanese privet, Eastern red

cedar, live oak, agave americana, and bigblue lily turf.


Adjoining the covered way wall on three sides of the Castillo and

in the water battery, there are planted a hackberry tree and several

cedar trees and sabal palms.


Between the west front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, along the

exit road to Water Street, and along the northern boundary line,

a hackberry tree, cedar trees, and sabal and Washingtonia palms are

found on the grounds. Both sides of the pedestrian walk between the

City Gate and Water Street are bordered with Florida elms. Around

the administration building and its parking lot and on the grounds

just south of it, there are cedar and oak trees, and sabal and

Washingtonia palms.


This park-like appearance evolved-slowly after the fortification

outlived its defense role. The belief was that the historic

structure should properly have an attractive setting.


Location and nature of historic resources within and adjacent to

the park

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, located on latitude

290 53' 50" and longitude 810 18' 43", consists of the Castillo

itself, the U. S. water battery, and the City Gate pillars. These









historic structures are on the SERO List of Classified Structures

as No. 1, 2, and 3 respectively.


The Castillo is located mid-way between the north and south

boundaries on the shore line of the Matanzas River, The Castillo

is a coquina stone structure built by the Spanish in 1672-95,

remodeled in 1738-40, 1752-56, and 1762. It replaced the last of

nine wooden forts which had existed in succession since the found-

ing of St. Augustine in 1565. The town's fortification strength-

ened Spanish dominion over Florida, protected the route of Spanish

shipping along the east coast of Florida, and (after 1670) limited

British southward expansion. The Castillo became British in 1763,

Spanish again in 1784, and finally American in 1821.


The U. S. water battery is actually an 1842-44 modification of the

east front of the Castillo. The modification consisted of filling-

in the moat on that side, the strengthening of the sea wall, and

construction of barbette-type gun emplacements and the hot shot

furnace. It integrated the Castillo into the 19th Century U. S.

seacoast defense system.


The City Gate provided the only opening in the earthwork which,

from the Castillo westward to the San Sebastian River, girded the

colonial north city limit. The City Gate pillars, located about

550 feet due west of the Castillo, were erected in 1808 in connection

with a reconstruction of the earthwork that year. The pillars are









separated from the bulk of the Monurlcnt by Florida A1A.


There are several historic sites within the Monument. The ninth

wooden fort (1654?-75) lay just south of the Castillo, probably on

the south glacis and the main parking lot. The English in 1702

had siege trenches "within a pistol shot" of the southwest and

northwest bastions. In 1737 a Costa Indian village lay about

550 feet northwestward of the point of the northwest bastion,

approximately in the area of the administration building. An

earth and log "covered way" was planned in 1737 on the north and

northwest grounds of the Castillo and was later built. The

foundations of the King's Smithy (1793-1821) lie partly under the

east end of the triangular "bus" parking lot and partly under

Florida A1A. The remnants of an 1808 Spanish earthwork line lie

under the part of that earthwork reconstructed on the west grounds.



Current use of historic resources within the park.--The his-

toric structures making up the Monument are used mainly as centers

for historical interpretation. The Castillo itself serves as its own

visitor center, providing museum exhibits, interpretive markers, audio

stations, conducted tours, and living history demonstrations, and

housing the artifacts collection and colonial artillery pieces.

The water battery is the repository of U. S. artillery pieces.

The City Gate is provided with an audio station and interpretive

markers. The Castillo is used also for maintenance and artifact

storage.










The grounds are sometimes used for staging special events and

provide the public with a place for passive recreation.










III. LAND CLASSIFICATION

All lands within the boundaries of Castillo de San Marcos

National Monument are in a historic zone, which is the

St. Augustine Town Plan Historic District, a National

Historic Landmark.


The administrative site, parking areas and adjacent roads

are classified as developmental zub-zones. These areas

are identified as such in order to accommodate the

demands of the visitor and management for parking,

administrative office space, maintenance, and right-of-

way access for Florida A1A (U.S. Business #1) and

Orange Street.
























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TV. INFLUENCES ON MANAGEMENT

A. Legislative and Administrative Constraints

1. Act of Congress, July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317) allows the

park to acquire lands left within park boundaries by the

road relocation of 1965.


2. Public utility companies, the City, and the State together,

hold 9 permits of a recurring nature which authorize rights-

of-way for electric, gas, water, and sewer lines, most of

which lie underground. The Superintendent must protect the

Park Service's interests in permitting the use of park land

while maintaining effective relationships with the permittees.


3. The St. Johns County School Board has capital improvements

representing over a million dollars in replacement value on

land that is part of the original Castillo reservation. This

land was deeded to the Board with the stipulation that whenever

the property ceased to be used for educational purposes, it

would immediately revert back to being the property of the

U. S. Government. The improvements (school buildings) are

on a portion of the historic Cubo Line site, part of which

has been reconstructed by the National Park Service. There

is still some pressure for the Park Service to reconstruct

that portion on which some of the School Board improvements

are located.










The Cubo Line (named for the cube-like redoubt at

its western terminus) was built in 1808 on the site of

earlier earthworks. This line reached from the Castillo

de San Marcos on Matanzas Bay to the San Sebastian River,

a half mile distant, thus barring the land approach to

St. Augustine. Needle-sharp Spanish Bayonet (yucca gloriosa)

at the foot of the wall helped to make it a formidable

barrier. The present segment of the wall is a reproduction

that was built in 1964 that extends from the Fort's west

glacis to the City Gate, broken by the 4-lane highway

U. S. Business 1 and State A1A.

4. Although the Park Service has exclusive jurisdiction over

all law enforcement matters within the Monument boundaries,

the St. Augustine Police Department works closely with the

park staff on some law enforcement matters, especially

traffic control on Highway AlA. Since the Monument has a

limited number of law enforcement personnel, it is vital

that the Superintendent cultivate and perpetuate a spirit

of cooperation between the two agencies.

5. Highway AlA, owned by the State of Florida, traverses the

western boundary of the Monument. Most of the right-

of-way is presently owned by the Park Service with the

remainder having been acquired by the State through several

special use permits and agreements. According to--Memorandum

of Agreement dated July 29, 1958 between the National Park










Service, Florida Department of Transportation, St.

Augustine City Commission and the St. Johns County

Commission--, those portions presently owned by the

State will eventually be transferred to the Park

Service.

6. Future developmental planning should encompass

those elements that can be practically accommodated

allowing accessibility of facilities to handicapped

visitors. Planners should be guided by the

implications of the Architectural Barriers Act

and the Rehabilitation Act, however, extreme care

should be taken not to jeopardize the historical

fabric and other values of this 306-year-old

structure and its historic environs.










i. The City Comirmisslon of St. Augustine, an elected municipal

body, governs tUn city which surrounds the Monument. Since

the historic Castillo, City Gate, and Cubo Line are immediately

adjacent to the heart of the city, the Park Service shares with

the city an extremely heavy vehicle and pedestrian traffic

problem. The Superintendent administers written and verbal

special use agreements with the city on such matters as

street location, law enforcement, utility location, and

lighting. A number of streets vital to the city traffic,

pattern and Master Plan are on Monument property. City

actions and developments outside the Monument sometimes affect

Monument operations. Since such decisions are often determined

by local politics, the Superintendent must work closely which

city officials and influential citizens to insure that Park

Service interests are considered in such planning.
Adjacent to the Monument is the St. Augustine Historic District,

designated as a national historic landmark to commemorate the town

plan. Actually the Monument's northern boundary and part of the

western boundary constitute part of the District's northern bound-

ary. The District comprises the town area enclosed at one time

by earthwork lines on the north, west, and south city limits.

However, the District has been enlarged by the inclusion of the

former Ponce de Le6n and Alcazar Hotels, architectural landmarks

of the American gilded age, erected outside the west city limit.


The St. Augustine Historic District contains'40 colonial structures.

All of them are houses except the Castillo, City Gate, Cathedral

21










of St. Augustine, Government House, Public Market, Trinity Episcopal

Church, Public Library, St. Francis Barracks, and the King's Bakery.


Within the District, 24 buildings border St. George and Cuna Streets,

west and southwest respectively from the Monument. They have been

restored or reconstructed with public or private funds by the

Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board since 1959. Another five

buildings are located on Charlotte, Treasury, King, and Aviles Streets.

The structures represent historic types of St. Augustine architecture,

and are adapted for use as residences, museums, and colonial crafts shops.

Four of the 29 buildings are included in the number mentioned in the

preceding paragraph.


Also within the District is the St. Augustine Historical Society

complex, about one-half mile south of the Preservation Board area.

The complex consists of the Gonzilez-Alvarez (Oldest) and Llambias

Houses, both designated as national historic landmarks, the historic

Tovar House, the modern Webb Memorial Building, the Dunham Memorial

Library, and the De la Rosa, Corbett, and Garrido Houses. The latter

four are reconstructions based on historic types of St. Augustine

architecture. A museum of St. Augustine social history mainly is

house in the Webb and Tovar structures. The Society's library makes

available locally books, maps, photographs, and artifacts related

to St. Augustine history, and reproductions of materials on the

subject kept in repositories away from the city.










Outside the District's western boundary, between the City Gate

and the city visitor information center, is the Public Burying Ground.

To the southwest are the Spanish Tolomato Cemetery and Flagler Memorial

Presbyterian Church (1889-90).


Outside the District's southern boundary, less than one-half mile

away, is the site of the Spanish Powder Magazine (1797-1800).


Outside the District's eastern boundary, on north Anastasia Island,

lie the quarry sites, designated as a national historic landmark.

The quarries provided the coquina stone for building the Castillo and

public and private buildings. There is also the site of a British

battery during the 1740 siege.


Other historic sites connected with the Castillo history, lying

within a 40-mile radius, are listed in the Castillo de San Marcos

Base Historical Maps.


2. The Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board is a state

agency charged with preserving and restoring St. Augustine's

colonial houses. This agency was established in 1959 (originally

known as the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation

Commission) and is now active in a reconstructed complex

immediately adjacent to the'Castillo. Although the Park Service

and the Preservation Board have similar basic missions, the

Board shows some differences in its interpretive emphasis

because of political and commercial considerations. The










Superintendent must maintain a close working relationship with

the Preservation Board while being careful not to get the

Park Service involved in conflicts between the Board and other

organizations.


3. The public relations program for the Castillo de San Marcos

National Monument is very complex. In addition to the

legitimate historical attractions in St. Augustine, several

non-historical attractions beckon to the visitor in the nation's

oldest city. There is still some local opinion that the Castillo

should be available for commercial exploitation by local groups.

The park's public relations program must continually seek local

support for National Park Service policies and procedures.

Since the park is surrounded by several different governing

bodies, it is necessary to maintain close working relationships

with them.


4. The Superintendent frequently receives important individuals

and groups, most of whom wish to tour the Castillo. These

include individuals from all walks of life, including members

of the press, radio, and TV media and many foreign dignitaries.

The people of Spain, of course, hold a strong interest in the

Castillo, and visits by high ranking citizens from that country

are common. Frequent contacts are maintained with many federal

and state representatives on relevant matters.










5. St. Augustine, unlike southern Florida, has not had

a high frequency of hurricanes. Only one (Dora) has occurred

with any appreciable effect in the last ten years. The

hurricane season extends from May through October, with

greater probability of a hurricane striking during

September and October. Although the Castillo has survived

305 "hurricane seasons", the problem of flooding and of

high winds eroding the coquina walls during these storms,

remain without any immediate answers.










C. W;ti. n-p;irc T n J1' : n :.-

1. Visit duration co the Cascillo is about 40 minutes. Optimum

visitor use cap.;city has bcen estimated at 400 persons for

each 40-minute period of the day or about 4,800 visitors in

8 hours. However, during the summer season, peak visitation

occurs between tlre hours of 11:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., totaling

at least 600-700 persons per hour, Total daily visitation

frequently exceeds 4,300 with a record 7,772 people visiting

the park on December 28, 1975. When the optimum capacity is

exceeded, congestion and undue noise result plus accelerated

damage to the historic fort fabric.


2. A concessioner uses one room of the Castillo to sell high

quality souvenirs relating to the Castillo and St. Augustine,

films, pictures, books, and other publications. This facility

enables the park to have a dependable outlet for Service

publications and other theme-related material that is

essential to the interpretive program.
3. Heavy visitor impact increases the need to find modern

preservation and maintenance products which will not impair the

appearance of the fort while still maintaining structural

integrity. Although the fort structure was engineered to

withstand bombardment from military weapons of the time, ever

increasing visitors create a completely different maintenance

problem that must be solved.










4. The primary theme of the area is the Spanish influence and

presence in the New World, therefore, all interpretation,

reconstruction, and other associated park activities are

greatly influenced by the lack of data found primarily in

Spanish language manuscripts.

5. With an average monthly visitation of well over 60,000

people at Castillo de San Marcos, long-term uniformed

seasonal employees are required to handle the many

visitors during the so-called "off season". Difficulty

is experienced in hiring and training people for these

long-term seasonal positions due to personnel regulations.

Permanent employees are of insufficient numbers to

service the ever increasing visitation.

6. The Castillo, covered way walls, moat walls, portionsof

the seawall and the City Gate pillars are composed of a

shellstone, locally quarried, called coquina. Historically

it was bonded with an oyster shell lime mortar and faced

with plaster that has since weathered away except for

very sparse areas. At best, coquina is a soft stone with

some portions being more resistant to the elements than

others. It has a definite grain. When it weathers, the

outer layer turns grey and hardens.

Park maintenance staff observations indicate that when

dried to an undetermined degree the coquina crumbles. It









does not weather evenly but does so with the grain. The

joints weather better than the stone creating a concave

surface between them. In some places, due to heavy wear,

the stone will come apart in chunks, separating with the

grain. When water is applied to newly cut stone, it is

quickly absorbed.

By not knowing all the physical characteristics and

limits to this material, the park maintenance staff and

historic architects are handicapped at planning for the

optimum preservation of the historic fabric of the

resource.

Heavy visitation, 780,595 in calendar year 1976,

causes wear on those surfaces within reach of the visitors.

Winds, along with other environmental elements, have

eroded the fort's fabric. Because the Spanish did not

provide for expansion, cracks in the walls and gundecks

allow water to course through the coquina and this

causes accelerated deterioration of the Castillo.

7. Archeological investigations on park lands and nearby

park lands have resulted in 4,500 artifacts being deposited

in the park's collection. This collection is presently

being temporarily stored in Casemate No. 7 which is

totally inadequate for this purpose due to environmental

reasons. Because of future archeological investigations

in the program, along with those artifacts being processed

from excavations at Fort Matanzas, an extension to the









administration building to house and preserve these artifacts

is being programmed. Artifacts in the collection include

but are not limited to: pre-Columbian Indian, first period

Spanish, British, second period Spanish, pre-Civil War,American

War Department period and modern.

8. The Castillo has been collecting a fee for adminission since

July 1, 1935, however, placement of this intrusive function

on the historical scene has been a problem for management

ever since. The present temporary wooden structure adjacent

to the outer drawbridge, detracts from the fort's historical

impact nor is it architecturally in keeping with the Spanish

military theme of the surrounding area. Park management's

attempts at moving the fee collection function to the

parking lot have been unsuccessful so far.

9. The need of the visitor for pre-arrival information and

preparation continues. The Castillo does not have a

Visitor Center and the visitor arriving direct from his

parked automobile to the fort is spatially disoriented.

Pre-arrival information devices and/or services are needed.

10. Due to the special nature of the 306-year-old structure and

its environs, there exists certain inherent hazards that

present problems to the park visitor. Interpretive and

developmental planners must take into consideration these

elements to allow for a safe visit, however, extreme care

should be taken so as to not jeopardize the historical fabric

and other related values of the Castillo.









V. MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES

1. General Management

a. To program and plan for the reduction of conflicts between

fee collection facilities and activities, and the visitors'

appreciation of the historical architectural values of the

Castillo de San Marcos.

b. To improve the level of information and orientation of the

arriving visitors so as to reduce parent disorientation due

to inadequate devices and services.

c. To preserve and protect more than 4,500 artifacts,now in

temporary storage,from adverse climatic conditions presently

existing within the Castillo.

d. To promote consistent, effective enforcement of State and

Federal laws in the park.

e. To secure adequate information to provide a basis for

determining the appropriate future the Service plans

for the Cubo Line extension area in the event the School

Board properties are transferred to the National Park

Service.

f. To acquire those lands remaining non-federal resulting from

the 1965 road relocation intended for, but not yet transferred

to, the Service.

To maintain a close working relationship with those

historical associations, societies and organizations that

have legitimate goals in preserving and interpreting the

historical values of the City of St. Augustine in order










that the Service will be able to continue and further the

support for the Service's policies and procedures in the

preservation and interpretation of the Castillo.

g. To cooperate with local and state governmental entities,

community and civic organizations to maintain the scenic and

historic setting of the park which serves to heighten

visitor perception and enjoyment of the Castillo's

predominance in the historic setting that is St. Augustine.

2. Resource Management

a. To secure an adequate representation of documents and objects

that are essential to the public understanding and appreciation

of the Castillo in concert with the park's museum acquisition

policy guidelines.

b. To restore, reconstruct or provide a basis for determining

the appropriate future treatment of historic structures in

accordance with Service policies, in order to promote

public understanding and appreciation of the significance of

the Castillo in the early Anglo-Spanish history of the

southeast.

c. To minimize to the greatest extent practicable, the adverse

effects of weathering and visitor wear on the Castillo's

coquina structures.










3. Visitor Use

a. To foster public awareness of the importance of the Castillo

de San Marcos in the early Spanish settlement of Florida, its

role as a major fortification along shipping routes from Spain's

New World Colonies, and its significance in delaying the

advent of English supremacy in the Southeast.

b. To promote increased understanding of the relationship of

man and the environment, both during the historically

significant period of the Castillo, and in today's world.

c. To ensure the availability of orientation, information, including

publications, and interpretation for Spanish-speaking, handi-

capped, and special interest groups.

d. To control visitor use as necessary for the preservation of

the resources, for the protection of the visitor, and to

insure that the quality of the visitors' experiences will

not suffer because of congestion.
















-' I, / n -
(I; ITORIC AREAS ON CERTAIN MILITARY RESERVATIONS DECLARED NATIONAL // ,
MONUMENTS.) .
---I- I ,-

JB2 te pireirbent of t1)c "IWiCcb ZStates of Bmlnerica' '

R proclamation. ,c


WTIIE]IEAS, there e a various military rI'e'trvaltionsl un1ldi'r the control of tho
Secretary of War which comprliso arices of historic aid scionilfic interest;
AND Wii11IIan, by section 2 of the A(:t of Congress approved Juno 8, 1001
(34 Stat. 225) theo lresideiit is authorized "in hlis discretion, to decliaro by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other
objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or
controlledlby the GovernmenL of the United States to be national monumennts, and
lmay r'se'rvo s. a part thereof parcels of l.1nd, the limits.of which in all cases shall
be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper caro and manage-
mont of the objects to be protected";
Now TilnERvo'E I, ,Calvin Coolidge, President of the United States of
America, under authority of tle said Act oi' Congress (do hereby declare and pro-
chdim thie hereinafter designated areas with the historic structures and objects
thereto appertaining, and any other object or objects specifically designated,
within the following military reservations to be national monuments:
FORT WOOD, NEW YOKI(
The site of the Statue of Liiberty Eiiligitenming the World, the foundations
of which are built in the form of' a eloven-pointed star and clearly dofino the area
comprising about two anmd one-hliul acn's.
CASTLE PTNCKNEY, ('hiarlestlin llarhl Soith Carolina.
Tlhe entire reservation, cominpliinig lii. ee and one-half acres situated on Shutes
Folly Island at the mouth of Cooper Eiver opposite the southern extremity of the
'. -. 1--.. _. ... ., i. ,in mile dil. istant thferefrom.









Act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 2029)


Calendar No.2254
7Tru CONGRESS
S8. R. 12220

[Report No. 2143]


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
Armu. 24 (calenilnr day, 3MAT 7), 1936
Read twice and refrrnil to the C.a,.uinlre. on publicc Lands and Surveya
MAY 12 (al-ii.ladr 4l:V, MAY 29), 1936 .
nThixrted Iby Mr. WA.NE1., will naln amindnmnt
IInsert the Iurt prnlted In Italic)


AN ACT
To nillthrize the aidljustitnl.it of the hoiindary of the Fort Marion
National M loiiini'lit. Flo'rida. in tile vicinity of Yort Marion
(ircle, iand( for thlier purposes.
1 Be it enacted by the Scnate and House of Representa-
2 tics of the Uniltd Sitates of America in Congress assembled,
3 Thlat the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to
4 adjust the boundary of the Fort Marion National Monument,
5 Florida, in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle, and for said
6 purpose is autliorized to convey to adjacent property owners,
7 upon such terms and conditions as may be deemed satis-
8 factory to hiim, title to such portions of monument land as
9 he may determine to be no longer necessary for said monu-
10 nlcnt, or lie nmy accept in consideration therefore title to










1 such portion of any adjacent property as he may deem
2 desirable to satisfactorily adjust the boundary of said aiann-
3 ment.
4 SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he
6 is hercby, authorized to accept donations of land, interests
6 in land or buildings, structures, and other property adjacent
7 to and within a distance of oie thousand five hundred feet
8 of the boundary of the Fort Marion National Monument
9 in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle and the Old City
10 Gates,-and donations of funds for the purchase and main-
11 tenance thereof, the title and evidence of title to lands ac-
12 quired to be satisfactory to the Secretary of the Interior:
13 Provided, That he may acquire on behalf of the United
14 States out of any donated funds, by purchase at prices
15 dteemd by him reasonable or by condemnation under the
10 provisions of the Act of Augu.t 1, 1888, such tracts of land
17 adjacent to the boundary of the Fort Marion National
18 Monument in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle and the
19 Old City Gates as may be deemed desirable by him for
20 addition to the monument.
21 SEC. 3. That any lands acquired on behalf of the
22 United States under the provisions of this Act shall be, and
23 the same are hereby, added to the Fort Marion National









3
1 Monument: and hiall be msbjtet to the laws, rules, and regul-
2 tions applicable to said monument.
Passed the House of Representatives May 4, 1936.
Attest: SOUTH TRIMBLE,
Clerk








Act of June 5, 1942 (56 Stat. 312)

Canar No.1452
77nH CONGRESS
""StoS "? ( R 3937
"0L ao (S)9jfQ7
[Report No. 1404]


IN TIIE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
OcTw 10, 191
Read twice and rfi,'rred to tle Conniitte on Public IndT and Sureys
MAT 26, 194
RepirtmFe by Mr. HAWI wiltout amenndmeat


AN ACT
To', claiigcl tlhe dlsigiall"iii of thle Fort Ma rion Nationil Monu-
linlnt, in t il Stiate of Florida. ianl for other purposes.
1 lie it CInarId bIy Itic Seniale and House of Reprejcnla-
2 ticc. of the UUniled Stat's of A merica in Congre.m a.MClbled,
:1. Thatil tihe aiai now within liti Fort Mairioi NNatiiii Mimnu-
4 ii ni, in the State of ]Flridla, shall 'hereafter Ihe known as
5 the "Ca"stillo de San Marcos Natiiial Monun'nt", uidcr
6 which nanme the iforesiiid lnatioialiil imoiioinentl shall be entitled
7 to receive nild to luse all mioiys' heretofore or hereafter
8 approprintcd for the iFort Marion National Monnuent.
Passed the House of Representatives October 15, 1941.
Attest: SOUTH TRIU BLE,
Clerk.









Act of July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317)


Calendar No. 1695
86TI CoNonRss SENATE J REPORT
rd Scsion ( No. 1638

',i ,, I I


ADDITION OF LANDS TO CAS'ILLO DO SAN
NATIONAL M-ONNUM-ENT, FL


JUNE 21, 1900.-Ordered to bo printed


Mr. ANDERBON, from the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
S submitted the following

REPORT
ITo accompany II.R. 8226)

The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, to whom was
referred the bill (II.R. 8226) to add certain lands to Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in the State of Florida, having considered
the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend
that the bill, as amended, do pass.
The amendments are as follows:
At page 1, line 4, after the word "procure", strike all through the
word therefore at line 6 and insert in lieu thereof the following:
", in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section ..
At page 2,' beginning with line 1, strike all through line 23, page
6, and insert in lieu thereof the following:
DESCRIPTION FOR PARCEL A
Beginning at a corner of the present Castillo do San Marcos
National Monument boundary, said point also being the
northeast corner of block 1, city of St. Augustine, Florida;
thence running along the present boundary of the Castillo
de San Marcos Natiopnl Monument as follows:
North 82 degrees 04 itifnutcs west a distance of 35.46 feet;
Thence north 81 degrees 47 minutes west a distance of 60.17
feet;
Thence south 30 degrees 21 minutes west a distance of 16.36
feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 01 minutes west a distance of 4.77
feet;
Thence north 85 degrees 02 minutes west a distance of 97.52
feet;
'49000 .* ;











2 ADDITION.TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA.

Thence north 1 degree 28 minutes west a distance of 4.09
feet;
Thence north 11 degrees 18 minutes west a distance of 39.02
feet;
STh'ence south 77 degrees 32 minutes west a distanc'of 0.51
feet;
Thence north 10 degrees 50 minutes west a distance of 32.96
feet;
Thence north 7 degrees 36 minutes west a distance of 37.61
feet;
Thence south 88 degrees 54 minutes west a distance of 20.30
feet;
Thence south 73 degrees 52 minutes west a distance of 95.80
feet;
Thence north 2 degrees 21 minutes east a distance of 22.64
feet;
Thence north 4 degrees 30 minutes west a distance of 28.03
feet;
Thenco north 81 degrees 08 minutes east a distance of 0.49
feet;.
Thence north 7 degrees 10 minutes west a distance of 0.51
feet;
Thence north 65 degrees 12 minutes west a distance of 0,01
feet;
Thence south SO degrees 40 minutes west a distance of
71.39 feet to a point in tlh southerly right-of-way line of
the proposed Castillo Drive as delineated on the survey map
by Emmett W\illiam i'Pacetti and Associates in three sheets
dated April 23, 1960, file lnumbelred LD)-54 and revised June
2, 1960, said point being in the are of a curve, concave to
the southeast and having i radius of 465.00 feet, the radius
of said curve hearing north 58 degrees 20 minutes 03 seconds
east from said point; thence leaving the present national
monument boundary and running along tile southerly right-
of-way line of the proposed (Castillo Drive' along tie arc of
said curvu through a central angle of 30 degrees 42 miliutes
03 seconds, 219.16 feet to the end of said curve; tlhnce
south 62 degrees 25 Ininutes east 110.59 feet, n loah, Ihe
southerly right-of-way line of thl proposed Castillo Drive
to a point in lhe west line of block 1, city of St. Augustine,
Florida; thence leaving tho southerly right-of-way line of
the proposed ('astillo b'rivo and running south 16 degrees
22 minutes west 81.72 feet along the west line of block 1,
city of St. Augustine to tim southwest corner of said lilock 1;
thence south 83 degrees S minutes east 192.00 feet along
the south line. of said block 1 to a point in the westerly right-
of-way line of Florida State Rioad A-1-A: tlhence north-i
4 degrees 416 minutes west I11)0.23; feet along tlhe westerly
right-of-way line of lorilda Stale load A-1-A to a point
in the present ('astillo de tSan 1Marcos National Mlonument
)bo(undiary; thence south 85 degrees. 05 minutes west 8.57
feet along said national Inmonumnent boundary to a stone
monument; thence north 5 degrees 21 minutes west 34.90
feet along said national monument boundary to tho pouiu
of beginning and containing approximately 1.05 acres.












ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 3

DISCRIPTvON FOR PAiLCEL D
Beginhinig at a corner of tlie present Castillo do San
Mfrcos National MAonument, loundairy, said point also being
tlhe nortlicast corner of block fi. (ity of SL. Augustine,
Florida; thence south 78 degrees 0)6 inuiitels west 72.0)'5 fecet
along the present Cistillo de San Marcos Nailioniil Monu-
ment, boundary coinuion to the north line of snid block 6 to ia
point in tlic southerly right t-of-way line of I he proposed Cist illo
Drive as delineated on the survey inup by EnnutL \VWilline
Pacetti miid Associates in three shlcts dated April 23, 1'li0,
file numbered 1,D-5. and revised June 2. 160i, said point
being in the arc of a curve conclave to the southwest and
having a radius of 012.00 feet; tho radius of said currvo
bearing south 54 degrees 30 minutes 11 seconds west from .
said point; thence leaving thi I)resvnt niationil moniciumient
boulndiary nd running along the soutlierly right.-of-wlny line
of the proposed Caistillo Drive along tlie are of said curve
through a ccniil ri angle of 13 degrees 25 minutes 41 seconds
143.45 feet to thecend of said curve; thence south 21 degrees 55
minutes cast 169.16 feet aIlong the southerly right-of-way
line of tlhe proposed Castillo )rive to a point in the southerly
line of lot 20, block 7, city of St. Augustine, Florida, and tlho
present Castillo de San Marcos National Monument bound-
ary; thence leaving the southerly right-of-way line of the
proposed Castillo Drive and running along the present
boundary of the Castillo do Sain Marcos National Monument
'as follows:
North 82 degrees 20 minutes east a distance of 62.00 feet;
Thence north 10 degrees 42 minutes west a distance of
40.27 feet;
Thenco north 33 degrees 22 minutes west a distance of
6.70 feet;
Thence north 70 degrees 26 minutes west a distance of
6.21 feet;
Thence' south 83 degrees 06 minutes west a distance of
2.20 feet;
Thence north 75 degrees 11 minutes west a distance'of
36.48 feet;
Thence north 13 degrees 56 minutes west a distance of
152.00 feet;
,Thenco south 80 degrees 29 minutes west a distance of
3.78 feet;
Thence north 17 degrees 13 minutes west a distance of
2.00 feet;
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a distance of
20.07 feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 20 minutes east a distance of
2.81 feet;
Thence north 17 degrees 26 minutes west a distance of
11.61 feet;
Thence south 72 degrees 28 minutes west a distance o,
2.99 feet;











* 4 ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA.

Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a distance of
57.46 feet to the point of beginning and containing approxi-
mately 0.32 acres.
At the top 6f pago 6, strike the designation "Area B" and insert in
lieu thereof the designation "Area C".
At page 6, after line 21, insert the following subsection:
(a) The Secretary shall, in procuring lands or interests
therein pursuant to the provisions of this section, acquire
such lands or interests therein pply by negotiations; except
that the lands or interests therein described as block 1, city
of St. Augustine, Florida, may be acquired by the Secretary
in such manner as he may deem to be in the public interest,
including procurement with funds which may be appropriated
therefore.
PURPOSE
II.R. 8226, as amended by the Senate, authorizes the acquisition of
about 1.37 acres of land for the enlargement of the Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in St. Augustine, Fla.
NEED
Castillo do San Marcos was established as a national monument in
1924. It was constructed by the Spanish during the years 1672-96
as the northern outpost of their Caribbean empire for defense against
the English and French, served as the center for raids into the Caro-
linas and Georgia between 1686 and 1742, was itself the target for
Indian and English raids during tie same period, played an important
role in theo War of Jenkins' Ear, and served as a military prison during
the 1800's. It is, in brief, one of the most important historic sites in
the southeastern part of the United States. It attracts tens of thou-
sands of visitors from all parts of the country. Over 450,000 persons
visited it in 1950 alone.
The two tracts of land proposed to be acquired will enhance the
setting of Cn'stillo de San Marcos and will provide parking for visitors,
make possible tie relocation of an existing street, and permit the resto-
ration of the fort grounds. Tho plans contemplated by IT.R. S22C
are in part the outgrowth of an agreement between the National Park
Service, the Florida State Road Department, the city of St. Augustine.
and St. John's County for adjustment of street and highway travel
in the vicinity of the monument in order to correct a serious traflk
problem and improve parking conditions for visitors.
COST
The land to be acquired under II.R. S22G is unavoidably expensive(
because of the built-up character of the property. Acquisition cst
estimated at 5Ci0,000, includes the puirchaso of property upon whicl
is located an outdatled hotel and other buildings which will be demol
ished. Enactment of the bill at this tieo, however, will avoid tih
even higher costs that would undoubtedly be incurred if there is delti
while property values continue to rise and further development occurs











ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MAIRCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, PLA. 5

DEPAIlTMENTAL RECOMMENDATION
The Department of the Interior has submitted a report recommend-
ing enactment of I.I. 8226 wit h clarifying niamenilents. The aiimend-
nmnts wero adopted by the HIouse (Comnitlee on Interior and Insular
Affairs in a slightly different form than recommended. The Depart-
mont,'s report follows:
U.S. DEPAIuTMENT OF TIlE INT~"'rrE l,
OFFICE OF TIle S.CRETATY,
Hon. WAYN N. ASPINL, ashington, D.C., March 8, 1060.
HIon. W^YPI' N. ASPINALL.,
Chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
House of Ih'pre.sentati'es, Wa 'shington., 1).C.
DEAIt M n. AsmINALL: Your committee hns requested a report on
H.R. 8226, a bill to add certain lands to Castillo de San Manrcos
National Monument in the State of Florida.
We rccommnd tlhait I his legislation be enacted and further suggest
several clarifying aniwndllliments.
H.R. 822G provides for the addition of two parcels of land to thA
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument. Parcel A, consisting
of approximately 2.45 acres, adjoins the present southwest boundary
of the monument and is required to provide offstreet parking for
visitors, to relocate an existing road and make possible the restora-
tion of the fort grounds. Parcel B, consisting of about 0.31 acres,
contains a portion of the historic moat which is still in evidence. Its
acquisition would also afford protection to the historic city gate which
is a part of the monument.
On July 29, 1958, this Department entered into an agreement with
officials of the Florida State Road Department, tie city of St. Augus-
tine, and St. Johns County, Fla., regarding certain difficulties con-
cerning this area. This agreement settled a problem that involved
a projected use for highway purposes of a portion of historic Castillo
,do San Marcos National 'Monument, the oldest standing military
structure in North America. The agreement made it possible for the
local government bodies in the area to proceed, without delay, with
the improvement of Fort Marion Circle from San Marco Avenue to
Bay Street, a )part of the city's hay-front improvement program. The
initial step in effectuating the agreement was the issuance of .permit
by which certain monument lands were permitted to be used lor the
temporary location of the improved street.
Pursuant to the agreement, the ne.ct step is the addition of certain
lands to the monument in order that the Department's plan for the
restoration of the fort grounds, the ultimate road"relocation, and the
furnishing of the offstrect parldng for monument visitors might
proceed.
Enactment of II.R. 8226 would authorize the acquisition of sub-
stantialky those lands contemplated by the agreement. In order to
avoid severances, ownership lines are followed. These lines were not
available when the agreement was executed. A small tract adjacent
to the seawall has been omitted since restoration in this area is being
accomplished by the city. Another tract in the vicinity of the city
gate is not included since it is contemplated that the routing of trallio
around the historic city gate will be provided by the city.
690014--00 8. Rept., 86-2, voL. 4-5


42











C /DDI'-ON TO CASTILLO DE SAN MAICOS NATIONAL MONUMI.'NT, FLA.

Wjile diiTering from the agreement in certain respects, thei anquisi.
tion of the lands described in the bill will enable this Departnmeun in
carry out its program to preserve the Castillo do San Malrc'os Nationiil
Moonument and to provide offstreet parking facilities for moinumel t
Visitors.
We recommend the following clarifying amendments to this bill:
(1) That line 25 on page 2 he changed to read asflli:
"Charlotte Street 57.0 feet to a point;"
(2) Line 9 on pnge 3 to le changed to read as follows: "rian
now or formerly owned by Blanche L. Cerveau. being;" -
(3) Line 13, pago 3, be changed to read as follows: "Blane11.
L. Cerveau to point on th.e southerly property line;"
(4) Line 10, page 4, bo changed to rend as follows: "Tl'h,nce
northerly on a prolongation of said property."
In order to assure that all phases of the agreement, mentioned her,.
toforo are carried out, and that the integrity, of the Castillo is main.
tainted, we'feel that there should be no delay in the enactinwm. of this
legislation.
It is estimated that the lands described in this legislation will cost
approximately SGOG,000.
1he Blureau of the Budget has advised us that. "no columitmeunt.
can be made, in view of the present budgetary outlook, as Ito the
timirn of a recommendation for an appropriatio for the stilled pir-
pose of the bill." It, las further advised us that t here is no objection
to the submission of this report to your coniuittee.
Silncerly yours,
ROoEII EnNs'r,
Assistant Secretary of the Interior,
PUIi'OSE OF SENATE AMENDMENT
A number of property owners in the area affected by the bill as
originally introduced and tho companion legislation introduced in
thl Senato by Senator Iolland, S. 232S, have questioned thio nceessily
of taking as'mucil liandi as initially proposed. At the request of
bSenator I lllannd, the National Park Serviceo conducted a resurvev
of the desired properties. As a result, the National Park' Servicn
revised tihe boudari'es in the proposed addition il order that the
most urgent requirements of each property owner will be respected,'
so far as is possible, without substantially impairing tihe purpose
of thl proposed taking. Theo Senato amendment respecting land
descriptions carries out lie resurvey mientiolned above.
Testimony was received by the commit lee from several landowners
in St. Augustine. Iln that certain hardshipq could result from tho
proposed land acquisition program contemplated in the bill, and as a
eans of assuring that. suchI hardships will not, ho brought about
unneessarily, th1 commiittee adopted tho language in section 1(a)
to restrict the power of the National 'Pairk Service to acquire certain
properties through condemnation proceedings.
Set forth below is a letter front the Director of the Park Service
relating to this issue.












ADDITION .O'CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 7

U.S. DI)PAITMENT OF TIU INTEItIOR,
S .. NATIONAL PARK )EIRVICM,
J'asdingituon, D.C., June 7, 10G0.
lion JoseI'nr C. O',MAInIos,:v,
Chairman, Public Lands Subcommitlce,
Committee on interior and Insular A.fairs,
U.S. Scnate, \W'ashington, I).U.
DEAn SENATTouR O'.LMAIONI: : This is isn re.ponso to the request, of
the bubconumitte, oil Public Iainlds thl, we saiip)ily ta t.alteent, in
connection with th1e louse niiil Senate bills on ('still do Sl n M lcous
National Monument, for which hearings were held on Junie 0.
The survey by EnI nett Willillm 1 'aeetti & Associaltes, file No;
LD-54-1, revised June 2, 1960, and submitd at tel at he hlearin'., depicts
a smaller nreii of acquisition than that contained in II.R. 8221; itld S.
2328 as they were introduced. Thef ell'ct of theo revised survey is to
limit taking to the are( lyina between the exis ing monumlent boundary
and tlhe outside curb lill of the proposed road. Enclosed is i descrip.
tion of theo land depicted on the survey in (llestionl. T'he descriptions
designated on the enclosure as pa)rc Ils A anid 11 should be substituted
for the descriptioLn u)Ippei ing l tile bills 1s, nri'l A. Thle dlsceription of
area B, as contained ill the bills, should be retained blt, redesiignted
area C. Tiiis particular land is it Iinet, lying west of thel city gates
along Orango Street and is il public ownership. Thelo controversy
which has attached itself to tlhe other Innd is not involved with
respect to this tract, which contain is a, pr t of the old city 111011t.
The land described in tile enclosure and depicted on thi revised
survey represents a satisflwtory revision of lthe proposed addition to
Castillo do Sun MIarcos National Monlumenlt, which is acceptable.
If the proposal is enacted, tho National Park Service will proceed
promptly to take the necessary steps looking toward tle acqulisition of
the Bennett Hotel property. PIreliminary negotiations have already
been conducted.
In order to avoid hardship to the present, owners of thie Innd shown
on tih revised J'acetti survey, other lthan tlio .Belneltt lotel Ipoperty,
such laind will be acquired through volumlary slesl negotiated with,
these owners. Colciitiinmation will not be inst titled aigiainslt Ihe persons'
now owning the pro[)erty except, if alienation of the property by tlhen
i iimninent, or if they undertake to so clinge the existing use of or
developments on tle land as will render the ultiiimte acquisition by
the United States exorbitantly costly or will seriously interfero witli
the preservation nnd administration of Castillo de Snn Manrcos Na-
tional Monument. 'f, after negotiating I volllntlarVy silel, title difli-
uilties remain, we would resort to condemnation to clear title. We
offer this assurance to the committee with the thought thit this state-
Ient may be included in tlh committee's report, if the comimitteo
sees fit to do so. We recommend that, in view of tlese assurances,
the pending legislation bo reported favorably, amending only the
decril)tioni to coif'orm to the revised survey by Enmmett William lPa.
Cetti and Associates.
Based upon the information available to us we estimate that the
cost of acquiring the lands under such an amended bill would be ap-
proximately $560,000.
Sincerely yours,
CONAD L. WmIT, Direcor.
O


















CONGRESSIONAL SENATE


ADDITION OF CERTAIN LANDS TO
CASTILLO DE SAN MAICOS NA-
TIONAL MONUMENT, I'LA.
Mr. SMATII-RS. Mr. President, I
move that the Senate proceed to the con-
sideration of Calendar No. 1605, House
bill 8226.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill
will be stated by title for the information
of the Senate.
The CiixEF' CLERK. A bill (HI.R. 822G)
to add certain lands to Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in the State
of Florida.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The
question Is on nrgrcning to the motion of
the Senator from Florida.
Tho motion was agreed to; and the
Senate proceeded to consider the bill,
which had been reported from the Comn-
mittee on Interior and Insular Affairs
with amendments, on page 1, line 4, after
the word "procure", to strike out "in
such manner as he may deem to be In
the public interest, including procure-
ment with funds which may be appro-
priated therefore" and insert "in accord-
ance with the provisions of subsection
(b) of this section"; at the top of page 2,
to strike out:
AUXA A
Starting at a point In the seawall of Cas-
tillo de San Marcoa Natlonal Monument,
which la the southeast corner of the present
Federal reservation: thence westerly 01.08
foot, more or le.s, along the existing bound-
ary of Castlllo do San Mnrcon National Mon-
Ument to the intersection of said line with
the west right-of-way line of Day Street, the
point of beginning;
Thence southerly along the west right-of-
way line of Day Street 143 5 feet, more or
lis, to the Intorucction of said right-to-way
line with the north right-of-way linc of Cunia
Street which is the southemat corner of block
1; thence westerly 1940 feet. more or le.s,
along the north right-,of-way line of Cuna
Street to the literarction of said right-of-
way line with the ea;terly right-of-way linn
of Charlotte Street, which In the southwest
corner of block 1:
Thence northerly along the east right-of-
way line of Herrea,Way 25.0 feet, more or
less, to a point whore said right-of-way line
is Interectod by a prolongation of the north-
erly right-of-way iLno of Cuna Street;
Thence westerly across Charlotte Street to
the northwest, corner of Charlotte and Cuna
Btrcots. which la the southeast corner of
block 7;
Thence northerly along the west right-of-
way line of Charlotto Street 67.0 ecot to a
olot;
Thence northwesterly 28.3 feot, more or
ss, to a point located 20 feet west from the
e'wt right-of-way line of Charlotte Street
on the southerly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Mrs. J. 0. Windsor,
Sbeolo ots 13 and 14, block 7;


Thence westerly along the said southerly
property line of land now or formerly owned
by Mrs. J. 0. Windsor 140.0 feet, more or
less to a point on the easterly property line
of land now or formerly owned by lDanche
IL. Corveau. being lot 10. block 7;
Thence northerly 80.5 foot, more or less.
along said easterly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Diancho L. Cervaau
Sto a point on the southerly property line of
land now or formerly owned by Mary Peck,
being lot 18, block 7;
Thence westerly along said southerly prop-
erty line of Innd now or formerly owned by
Mary Peck 125.5 feet, more or less, to the
easterly property lino of land now or for-
merly owned by Colonial 8t. Augustineo
Inc., being lot 5, block 7;
Thence northerly along said property line
of land now or formerly owned by Colonial
St. Augustine, Inc., 42.0 feet, more or less,
to the southerly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Frank Upchurch, be-
ing lot 4. block 7:
Thence easterly along said southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned by
Frank- Upchurch. 50.0 feet, more or less, to
the westerly property line of land now or
formerly owned by Mary Peck;
Thence northerly along said property line
of land now or formerly owned by Mary
Peck and along said property line prolonged
140.0 feet, more or less. to a point on the
southerly property line of land now or form-
erly owned by F. Victor Rahner, fragment
of lot 1. block 7.
Thence westerly along said southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned
by F. Victor Ralhner 40.0 feet, more or less.
to a point on the easterly property line
of land now or formerly owned by tie R. L.
Parks estate, portion of lot 1, block 7;
Thence northerly along said easterly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned by
the R. L. Parls estate 06.0 feet, more or
less, to the intersection of said property line
with the southerly right-of-way line of
Port Alley which point is the northeast
corner of lot 1, block 7, and the northwest
corner of lot 21, block 7;
Thence northerly on a prolongation of said
property line 14.0 feet, more or less, to a
point on the north right-of-way line of
Fort Alley;
Tlience westerly 5 0 feet. more or Ies, to
the point on said right of way line which
is the southwest corner of lot 6, block 6, and
the routhen..t corner of lot 4, block 6;
Thence northerly 148.0 feet, more or less,
along the lot line which is common to lot
5. block 6. and lots 2 and 4, block 6, and
said line prolonged to a point on the south-
Serly property line of land now or formerly
owned by the Gulf Oil Company;
Thence westerly along the southerly line
of said land now or formerly owned by the
Gulf Oil Compnny and its prolongation to
a point 00 feet eastward of the easterly right-
of-way line of Saint George Street:
Thence northerly along a line parallel to
and 60 feet enatward of the said easterly
right-of-way lhe of Saint George Street a
distance of 90.0 feet, more or less, to a point
in the present boundary of the Oaetllo de
San Maroos National Monument;
Thence easterly along the said present
boundary of he monument a distance of


10842


1960
June 23














10842 CONGRESSIONAL-SENATE June 23, 1960

107.011 fret lo ia niari)l corner,.Lon lbelii Thiiee leI ing thle mnottherly rliht-of-way
tie riortli.vuit coiorIr of sld bi(lock (1; thllinco line of the propiloed Cutillo Drive anil run-
contllinllnll along the tio nliL pi iet ioliiiitlary nilng otoh 10 degrees 22 m inltes weat 81.72
of the Camtillo do Ilan Marc.m National Mon- feet along the west lie of block I. city of
ument in a generall easterly anld sout* h int Augustine to the southwest corner o
enaterly direction to the point of beginning, said bloct c
containing In all about 2.46 acres of land. c
r Thence south 13 degrees 3B minutes east
At the top Of page 0, to Insert: ID2.00 feet along the sonth line of iLld
ODscaU-TION FOR PAsCXL a block 1 to a point in the westerly right-of-
Beginning at a corner of the present Cas- way line of Florida State road A-I-A;
tillo do San Marcos National Monument Thence north 4 degrees 40 minutes west
boundary, said point also being the north- 140.23 feet along the westerly right-of-way
east corner of block 1, city of Saint Augue- line of Florida State road A-I-A to a point
tine. Florida; thence running along the In the present Castlllo do San MLroo Nav
present boundary of the Ca illlo de San Uonal Moaument boundary;
Mnrcos National Monument as follows:
North 82 degrees 04 minutes west a dis-
tance of 35.40 feet
Thenco north 81 degrees 47 minutes west
a distance of 60.11 feet;
Thence south 30 degrees 21 minutes west 13989
a distance of 16 36 feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 01 minutes west
a distance of 4.77 feet;
Thence north 05 degrees 02 minutes west
a distance of 07.62 feet;
Thence north 1 degree 28 minutes west a
distance of 4.00 feet; Thence south 86 degrees 05 minutes west
Thenco north 11 degrees 18 minutes west 8.57 feet along said National Monument
a distance of 30.02 feet; boundary to a stole monument;
Thenco south 77 degrees 32 minutes west Thence north 6 degrees 21 minutes went
a dltancoof 0.51 feet; 3400 feet along anid National Monumcnt
'Thlenco nol ti 10 u(l,;rees 60 minutes went boundalry to the olllt of beginning olid con-
a diitiince of 32.00 feet; training approximately 1.05 neres.
Thlence north 7 (deroca 30 minutes west
a distance of 37.61 feet; Drur N r A .
Thence south 118 degrees 64 minutes west beginning at a corner of the present C.s-
a distance of 20.30 feet; tillo de San Marcoa Natinalr Monument
Thence south 73 degrees 62 minutes west boundary. said point also being the north-
a distance of 95.80 feet; east corner of block 6. city of Saint Au-
Thence nortl 2 degrees 21 minutes east gustlne, Florida;
a distance of 22.G4 feet; Thence south 70 degrees 00 minultlt west
Thence north 4 degrees 30 minutes west 7295 feet along the present Castillo de San
a distance of 28.03 feet; Marco National Monument boundary com-
Thence north 81 degrees 08 minutes east mon to the north line of said blo k 6 to a
a distance of 0.49 feet; point in the southerly rilht-of-wny line of
Thence north 7 degrees 10 minutes west the proposed Custlllo Drive as delineated
a distance of 9.61 feet; on the survey map by VFinmett William Pa-
Thence north 65 degrees 12 minutes west cctti and associates in three Rheets dated
a distance of 9.01 feet; April 23, 1900, file numbered LD-54 and re-
Thenco south 00 degrees 40 minutes west vired June 2, 10O0. said point being in the
a distance of 71.39 feet to a point In the arc of a curve concave to the southwest and
southerly right-of-way line of the proposed having a radius of 612.00 feet: the radius
Castllo Drive as (ellncted on the survey of said curve bearing south 64 degrees 39
map by Emmett William P'acettl and Asso- minutes 11 seconds west from said point;
plates In three sheets dated April 23, 1960, Thence leaving the present National Monu*
Illo numbered LD-54 and revised June 2. ment boundary and running along the
1900. said point being in the are of a curve, southerly right-of-way line of the proposed
concave to the southeast and having a radius Castillo Drive along the arc of said curve
of 465.00 feet, the radius of said curve bear- through a central angle of 13 degrees 25
Ing north 60 degree 20 minutes 03 seconds minutes 41 seconds 143.45 feet to the end
ea:.t from rsad point: of said curve:
Thence leaving the present National Mon- Thence south 21 degrees 65 minutes east
umient boundary and running; along the 106.10 feet along the southerly right-of-way
southerly right-of-way line of the proposed line of the proposed Castlllo Drive to a
Castillo Drive along the are of said curve point in the southerly line of lot 20, block 7.
through a central angle of 30 degrees 42 city of Saint Augustine, Florida, and the
minute 03 bco nds, 240.10 feet to the end present Cmastllo do San Marcoa National
of said curve; Monument boundary;
Thence south 02 degrees 25 minute east Thence leaving the southerly right-of-way
110.69 leet along the southerly right-of-Way line of the proposed Castillo Drive and run-
line of the proposed Castillo Drive to a ning along the present.boundary of the Cas-
point in the west line of block 1, city of tUll de Lam Marcos oJatonal Monument a
saint Augustine, Florida; followsI


46 "












CONGRESSIONAL-SENATE J



North 82 degrees 20 minutes east a dis-
tance of 02.90 feet;
Thence north 10 degrees 42 minutes west
a distance of 40.27 feet;
Thence north 33 degrees 22 minutes west
a distance of 6.70 feet;
Thence north 70 .degrees 20 minutes west
a distance of 6.21 eet;
Thence south 03 degrees 00 minutes west
a distance of 2.20 feet:
Thence north 70 degrees 11 minutes west
a dintanco of 30,40 fret;
Thence north 13 degrees 60 minutes west
& diLtanco of 162.00 feet;
Thence south 00 degrees 29 minutes west
distance c 3.78 feet;
Thence north 17 degrees 13 minutes west
adtstance of 2.00 feet:
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a
distance of 20.07 feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 20 minutes east
Sdilatnce of 2.01 feet:
Thence north 17 degrees 20 minutes west
I distance of 11.61 fcek'4
Thence south 72 degrees 28 minutes west
a distance of 2.90 feet;
Thence north 17 drtgrees 32 minutes west
a distance of 57.40 feet to the point of be-
ginning and containing approximately 0.32
acre.
On page 11, line 12, to strike out
"AREA B" and insert description for
Parcel C.
And, on pago 12, after line 9, to in-
sert:
(b) The SecretaXy shnll. In procuring
lands or Interests therein pursuant to the
provisions of this section. acquire such lands
or interest therein only by negotiations:
except that the lands or interests therein
described as block 1. city of balnt Augustine.
Florida, may be acquired by the Secretary In
such manner as he may deem to be in the

public internrt, including procurement with
lunds which mny be appropriated therefore.
The PRESIDINGG OFFICER. The
qucstlion is on agreeing to the commit-
tce amendments.
Mr. IIOI,IAND. Mr. I'rcsidcnt. this
is a House bill, to add certain landt.s to
the Caslillo de S:ni Mrcos Nationial
Monument, at St. Anuustine, I*"1a. Ilic
bill which passed the lHouse provided for
the addition of nearly 3 acres of land-1
believe it was 2.76 acres-to tlis monu-
ment area. There were cormplain-s from
some of tin property owners. At the re-
quest of the Selatora iloml I'Florlida a re-
sur\vey ws\: inmii(e, wihi reduced tile
ncrenige to be added to 1.37 acre's.
Thie Senalte conimlittee- conducted
hcarlmilfs, andl nmic'rd to recommend the
bill with an amendmncit, which would
reduce tile added area to 1.37 acr's as
sho ii by tli' ecsurvey.
The second change which the commit-
tee recommended was to withhold the
right of condemnation at this time from
the National Park Service, except as to
the principal and most needed tract of


13989


une 23, 1960


land, constituting about an acre. That
course is thoroughly agreeable to the
Scnators from Florida. It will leave a
small tract to be acquired In the future,
unless it can be acquired by negotiation.
There is a third small tract Included
In the bill, which Is already in public
ownership, and which does not have to
be either paid for or considered as a part
of the added lands. It comprises a part
of the moat of the ancient city of St.
Augiiustine. T'iis tract has already been
acquired and deeded to the public.
The Senators from Florida are thor-
oughly agreeable to the amendments
proposed, and we ask that the amend-
ments be considered en bloc at this time,
and promptly agreed to, for this reason:
The description is a very lengthy and
involved one, and will have to be checked
carefully by the House, as It was by us.
It Is based on titles nearly 400 years old,
and it is a metes-and-bounds descrip-
tion. We hope that a conference may be
avoided, but if it should become neces-
sary, we want to allow ample time for the
conference to agree on the provisions of
the bill.
Let me add, in closing, that the House
Members from Florida are in complete
accord with the changes suggested by
the Senate committee.
Mr. ALLOTT. Mr. President, will the
Senator yield?
Mr. HOLLAND. I yield.
Mr. ALLOTT. We went into this
question very thoroughly. I think the
Senator from Florida has presented the
facts. There is no reason why the bill
should not be passed.
Tho PRESIDING OFFICER. The
Question is on agreeing to the commit-
tee amendments. Without objection,
the committee amendments are agreed
to en bloc.
The bill is open to further amendment.
If there be no further amendment to be
proposed, the question is on the engross-
ment of the amendments and the third
reading of the bill.
The amendments were ordered to be
engrossed and the bill to be read a third
tune.

Tho, bil (H.R. 8226) was read the
third timo and passed.






J.1) S'I'M 'ES I 'AR'l'M lEN'l 01:1 -1-1 [ER
NA FiCINAI PARK SERVICE


SPECIAL US` PERMIT
,Castjjlo s;de 5an S .r1, xc os N,':ational. jion~ureit
C ......... . -'LIEII \I


SI(Area)I '


,
of ;
PERMIT NO. EXPIRES
CASA 1-58
'PREVIOUS PERMIT NO.
si; ., r* l ," f I ,,J | ,* | 1 .1 IJ r | i .:


loi lda tbate Road,epartment ,of. TalLahass'b. Flrid.- is r ..authr d
during the period from June 16 o une
td use' the following-desribed land in the'above-named area:
,Lands within..the boundariess .of: Castillo de San, Idrcos. National,1 Mnuiment;as shown,.,on
the plan prepared- by .the' national Park.: Service titled; "A,~4justed.road,,alignMent"
and numbered Ni-CSi4 1010-A. The plan is also,:designatedr;"Exhibit;'0l "and 'dated
*WlP~'C;,!? WQ,~~8


for the purpose of constructing and maintaining a publio,highway, being that part of,
Fort 'Arion Circle connecting San'lY rco Avenue ,north', 6f the -,old- City Gate, with Bay
Street,"'




subject to the conditions qn the reverse hereof and attached pages and to the payment to the' Government of the United
States of the sum of Dollars ($
in advance (_ ..--(Monthly, scMniannually, etc.) or as follow: ___
The fee is waived because the perii.t -e is a state agency and the road is for the use
of the public,
payment tO be made to the Superintendent by Express or Postal Money Order, .Certified Check, or Draft payable to
the Natioral Park Service, or Cash.


Issued at ., ....i Richmond. Virginia
(City),


this 29th day of Anugust .


___ 9 I


0i C tb.rSuptrlntondentr
-'n Idal D 1 r~r


The undersigned hereby accepts this permit subject to the terms, covenants, obligations, and reservations, expressed:or implied, therein:

S, .'TWO WITNESSES TO SIGNfaTURES PERMITTEE (SIGNATurr)


NAME I ,.' ,
^ ^. ,.; ,,, ,/.


NAME '

ADDRESS S


.,STAT2 1OAI DEPARTMENl OF .FLORID,'





ADDRESS
I ATTR-, 42


APPROVED: (If opprovol i; required by higher oulwhity)' Secretary
NA -TITLE DATE
nE I DATEtnrrloot


,ign namin' tdl rianit'as writirn in bodof or prmit; for copartnership, permittels shuhll sign as "mcmnbers of firm"; for corporation, the officer authorized to execute
conirirts, etc., should sign, with title, the ulfiiriiency of rich mignnaiture bI g a;wItlrel Iby the Secretary, with corporate seal, in lieu of witnesses
48 (This copy for iurrnittee) d V'Ai. I






NATIONAL PANK GLIVICEL
SPECIAL USE PERMIT CONTINUATION SHEET
AHILA PERMIT NO. PAGE NO.
Castillo de San Mrcos National 1, monument __

16. The permitted shall protect the scenic and aesthetic value of the right of way
and the adjacent land as far as possible consistent with the authorized use,
during construction, operation, and maintenance of the highway. The permitted
shall provide and maintain in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent means
of access to the national monument for the use of visitors and for normal ad-
ministration and operation.

17. Pcrmittee agrees that it will hold the United States and/or its employees free
and harmless from any and all claims for injuries or damages to persons or
property arising either directly or indirectly from its use of the premises
and/or exercise of the privileges granted under this permit.

18. Permittee agrees that upon completion of road construction, and relocation, all
sections of the old Fort PFirion Circle will be obliterated, and the curbs removed.
All of the area on the national monument side of the new curb will be brought to
approved grade with good top soil and will be seeded and spot sodded with grass
in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent of the National Monument.

19. The permitted agrees to transplant or replace in kind all trees and shrubs which
are disturbed or in the way of the construction. This landscaping work shall
be carried out as prescribed by a planting plan which will be prepared by the
National Park Service and in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent of the
National Monument. The permitted agrees, under paragraphs 18 and 19, to maintain
new lawn areas and planted trees for one year after planting to assure an initial
survival, and will replant any areas or specimens which die within one vear from
the date of approval of the work.

20. The permitted agrees to present the construction drawings to the National Park
Service for approval before advertising for bids.

21. This permit is automatically renewable fo* further periods of one year each for
a total term of not exceeding twenty (29 years in all from June 16, 1958.


i, .. nV..t 49


'~ler (n-1H101~3




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