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STATEMENT FOR MANAGEMENT
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT
June 28, 1978
Daniel J. Tobin, Jr.
Management and Operations
May 5, 1978
d~ f% cllOJcas
I. PURPOSE OF THE PARK
Based on the Antiquities Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225),
Presidential Proclamation No. 1713 (43 Stat. 1968), dated
October 15, 1924, proclaimed Fort Marion (as the Castillo was
known from 1825 to 1942) together with the historic structures
and objects appertaining to be a national monument.
The fundamental purpose of the Castillo de San Marcos National
Monument is to conserve the scenery, history, historical objects
of the structure known as Castillo de San Marcos, and its
surrounding lands which are associated with the Spanish influence
and subsequent cultures in what is now the United States, and to
provide for the enjoyment of these values in such a manner and
by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of
future generations. See appendix for appropriate legislation
which substantiates this purpose, as follows:
A Proclamation, October 15, 1924
Act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 2029)
Act of June 5, 1942 (56 Stat. 312)
Act of July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317)
Act of August 27, 1964 (78 Stat. 611)
II. SIGNIFICANCE OF PARK RESOURCES
Castillo de San Marcos is the symbol of the presence since 1565
of Spain in today's Southeastern United States. Spain's settle-
ment of Florida confirmed and strengthened her title to this
section of the Spanish colonial empire. Its continuous occupation
denied to other nations the use of Florida's east coast as the
site of potentially hostile bases along the vital intercontinental
The Anglo-Spanish struggle for the Southeast opened with English
settlement at Charleston in 1670, on Spanish-claimed land. This
hastened the decision to replace the wooden fort in order to con-
tain English expansion, for the intensity of the contest was bound
to increase. Thus Spain constructed the masonry fortification
that still survives and reminds us of her contribution to the
settlement of the continental United States. Castillo de San Marcos
played a major part in delaying the advent of English supremacy in
The Castillo is the oldest masonry fortification within the
continental United States. It is also exceptionally preserved,
clearly illustrating the development of European military architec-
ture and its transplantation and adaption to the New World.
The historic structure of Castillo de San Marcos and its component
works -- moat, ravelin, water battery, covert way, and covert way
wall -- occupy a surface area of 346,336 square feet. The
Castillo walls are 30 feet high. The City Gate pillars, also part
of the National Monument, cover an area of 864 square feet and are
24 feet high.
The condition of the Castillo and the City Gate pillars is good,
and results from stabilization work performed by the War Department
and the National Park Service.
Major topographic features.
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument is located in the City of
St. Augustine (Florida), mid-way down the eastern shore of a
peninsula bounded on the east by the Matanzas River, Hospital
Creek, and Robinson Creek, and on the west and south by the San
Sebastian River. The peninsula is four-and-a-half miles long
from the north city limit to the junction of the San Sebastian
and Matanzas Rivers, one mile wide at its widest point, and one-
half mile wide at its narrowest point. The lower half of the
peninsula is split in two by tidal Maria Sanchez Lake, three-fourths
mile long, which joins the Matanzas River north of the junction of
the latter with the San Sebastian.
The St. Augustine peninsula is flat land and sandy soil. Ex-
tensive portions of it have been earth-filled. Tidal marsh land
girds three sides, but it is more extensive north of the Monument
to the city limit and at the southern tip of the peninsula.
The St. Augustine peninsula is predominantly an urban area. The
other two urban concentrations within the city limits are north
Anastasia Island, to the east beyond the Matanzas River, and West
Augustine, beyond the San Sebastian. The residential development
on north Anastasia has been built on filled-in marsh land.
Two main roadways parallel each other up the St. Augustine peninsula
for three-fourths of its length. From the south, U. S. 1 enters the
peninsula by crossing the San Sebastian River southwest of the
Monument, and runs northward along the western shore. About one
mile before reaching the north city limit, it is joined from the
west by Florida 16, which is actually a feeder from 1-95, five miles
west of St. Augustine. About one-half mile from the city limit,
U. S. 1 is joined from the southeast by San Marco Avenue.
Florida A1A, the other roadway, runs on Anastasia Island from the
south. It enters St. Augustine peninsula from the east over the
Bridge of Lions, turns northward, and reaches the Monument's
southern boundary. Between the bridge and the boundary, A1A is known
also as Avenida Menendez. Entering the Monument, the 4-lane highway
becomes Castillo Drive also, follows the southern and western boundary
lines, and leaving the Monument runs outside a part of the western
Just outside the northwest point of the Monument's boundary, off a
privately-owned commercial chain visitor attraction, Castillo Drive
branches westward to U.S. 1, 3/10s of a mile away. Florida A1A, picking
up the name San Marco Avenue, continues northward eight-tenths mile,
turns eastward to proceed over Vilano Beach Bridge, and then turns
northward. San Marco Avenue continues another mile to its junction
with U. S. 1.
East of the St. Augustine peninsula, that part of the Matanzas River
extending from the shore line of St. Augustine's historic quarter to
St. Augustine Inlet is known locally as Matanzas Bay. The inlet,
connecting the bay and the Atlantic Ocean, is a man-made World War
II cut. South of the bay end of the inlet, north Anastasia Island
is indented from north to south by a body of water called Salt Run,
three miles long and a dead-end. The land between Salt Run and the
Atlantic Ocean is called Conch Island.
North of St. Augustine Inlet is Vilano Point, where the Tolomato
(North) River's mouth is located. The Tolomato affords water
passage northward to the St. Johns River. From St. Augustine Inlet,
the Matanzas River, actually an arm of the sea, extends sixteen miles
southward to the Atlantic Ocean again through Matanzas Inlet, forming
Anastasia Island. Both the Tolomato and Matanzas Rivers are the local
segment of the Intracoastal Waterway.
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument contains twenty acres of
contiguous land. However, Florida A1A separates a small triangular
parking lot, another small piece of land, and the City Gate pillars
from the bulk of the Monument.
On the south and west, the Monument is bounded, from the south to
the northwest, by Avenida Menendez, Cuna Street, Charlotte Street,
a tavern, a private residence, a gift shop, a restaurant's rear
parking lot, another gift shop, Fort Lane, a moped rental lot, a
privately-owned visitor attraction, Orange Street, and Florida A1A.
Outside this southern and western boundary line, a restaurant, a
visitor attraction belonging to the Historic St. Augustine Preservation
Board (an agency of the State of Florida), and a city visitor
information center are located across Cuna Street, Charlotte Street,
and Florida A1A, respectively. Inside the south boundary line,
adjoining Cuna Street, there is a triangular "bus" parking lot
separated from the bulk of the Monument by Florida AIA, but it is
not used by buses because of the hazard in entering to and exiting
On the north, the Monument's boundary adjoins, from west to east,
a privately-owned commercial chain visitor attraction, its parking
lot, a private residence, Water Street, and another private
residence. A fence separates the Monument from its neighbors.
On the east, the Monument is bounded by the Matanzas River. A
sea wall "fences" the Monument from the river.
Between the south front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, there is a
138-car main parking lot and a bicycle rack for visitor use. A
walkway leads from the parking lot to a concrete apron just outside
the ravelin drawbridge of the Castillo. To the south of the draw-
bridge there is a temporary booth for collecting the admission fee.
Along the sea wall, another walkway parallels the entrance walkway.
On top of the glacis, parallel to the entrance walkway, a small paved
area with benches offords a place of rest to the visitors.
Between the west front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, there stands
on the grounds a concrete reproduction of part of a Spanish earth-
On the north grounds, a pedestrian walk from the City Gate and another
one from the water battery cross over to Water Street. On the north-
west corner of the Monument stands the administration building and its
parking lot. Inside the north boundary line, there is an exit road
from the administration building to Water Street. A chain gate at
inner end of the parking lot and a log gate at Water Street close the
exit road when required.
Dominant vegetative cover
Despite its urban character, the St. Augustine peninsula is dotted
with slash and longleaf pine, oak, cedar, elm, and hackberry trees,
and the sabal and Washingtonia palms. The tidal marshes grow grass.
For soil over, St. Augustine and rye grass are used mainly. And of
course, there are the ornamental shrubs and plants commonly used in
landscaping, such as yucca aloifolia, oleander, crepe myrtle, etc.
Within the Monument, the entrance sign site, the triangular "bus"
parking lot, the strip separating Florida A1A and the main parking
lot, and the City Gate site are landscaped with one or more of the
following: day lilies, oleander, crepe myrtle, Southern wax myrtle,
yaupon holly, Canary Islands date palms, sabal palms, shore junipers,
coontie palms, Carolina laurel cherry, Japanese privet, Eastern red
cedar, live oak, agave americana, and bigblue lily turf.
Adjoining the covered way wall on three sides of the Castillo and
in the water battery, there are planted a hackberry tree and several
cedar trees and sabal palms.
Between the west front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, along the
exit road to Water Street, and along the northern boundary line,
a hackberry tree, cedar trees, and sabal and Washingtonia palms are
found on the grounds. Both sides of the pedestrian walk between the
City Gate and Water Street are bordered with Florida elms. Around
the administration building and its parking lot and on the grounds
just south of it, there are cedar and oak trees, and sabal and
This park-like appearance evolved-slowly after the fortification
outlived its defense role. The belief was that the historic
structure should properly have an attractive setting.
Location and nature of historic resources within and adjacent to
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, located on latitude
290 53' 50" and longitude 810 18' 43", consists of the Castillo
itself, the U. S. water battery, and the City Gate pillars. These
historic structures are on the SERO List of Classified Structures
as No. 1, 2, and 3 respectively.
The Castillo is located mid-way between the north and south
boundaries on the shore line of the Matanzas River, The Castillo
is a coquina stone structure built by the Spanish in 1672-95,
remodeled in 1738-40, 1752-56, and 1762. It replaced the last of
nine wooden forts which had existed in succession since the found-
ing of St. Augustine in 1565. The town's fortification strength-
ened Spanish dominion over Florida, protected the route of Spanish
shipping along the east coast of Florida, and (after 1670) limited
British southward expansion. The Castillo became British in 1763,
Spanish again in 1784, and finally American in 1821.
The U. S. water battery is actually an 1842-44 modification of the
east front of the Castillo. The modification consisted of filling-
in the moat on that side, the strengthening of the sea wall, and
construction of barbette-type gun emplacements and the hot shot
furnace. It integrated the Castillo into the 19th Century U. S.
seacoast defense system.
The City Gate provided the only opening in the earthwork which,
from the Castillo westward to the San Sebastian River, girded the
colonial north city limit. The City Gate pillars, located about
550 feet due west of the Castillo, were erected in 1808 in connection
with a reconstruction of the earthwork that year. The pillars are
separated from the bulk of the Monurlcnt by Florida A1A.
There are several historic sites within the Monument. The ninth
wooden fort (1654?-75) lay just south of the Castillo, probably on
the south glacis and the main parking lot. The English in 1702
had siege trenches "within a pistol shot" of the southwest and
northwest bastions. In 1737 a Costa Indian village lay about
550 feet northwestward of the point of the northwest bastion,
approximately in the area of the administration building. An
earth and log "covered way" was planned in 1737 on the north and
northwest grounds of the Castillo and was later built. The
foundations of the King's Smithy (1793-1821) lie partly under the
east end of the triangular "bus" parking lot and partly under
Florida A1A. The remnants of an 1808 Spanish earthwork line lie
under the part of that earthwork reconstructed on the west grounds.
Current use of historic resources within the park.--The his-
toric structures making up the Monument are used mainly as centers
for historical interpretation. The Castillo itself serves as its own
visitor center, providing museum exhibits, interpretive markers, audio
stations, conducted tours, and living history demonstrations, and
housing the artifacts collection and colonial artillery pieces.
The water battery is the repository of U. S. artillery pieces.
The City Gate is provided with an audio station and interpretive
markers. The Castillo is used also for maintenance and artifact
The grounds are sometimes used for staging special events and
provide the public with a place for passive recreation.
III. LAND CLASSIFICATION
All lands within the boundaries of Castillo de San Marcos
National Monument are in a historic zone, which is the
St. Augustine Town Plan Historic District, a National
The administrative site, parking areas and adjacent roads
are classified as developmental zub-zones. These areas
are identified as such in order to accommodate the
demands of the visitor and management for parking,
administrative office space, maintenance, and right-of-
way access for Florida A1A (U.S. Business #1) and
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TV. INFLUENCES ON MANAGEMENT
A. Legislative and Administrative Constraints
1. Act of Congress, July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317) allows the
park to acquire lands left within park boundaries by the
road relocation of 1965.
2. Public utility companies, the City, and the State together,
hold 9 permits of a recurring nature which authorize rights-
of-way for electric, gas, water, and sewer lines, most of
which lie underground. The Superintendent must protect the
Park Service's interests in permitting the use of park land
while maintaining effective relationships with the permittees.
3. The St. Johns County School Board has capital improvements
representing over a million dollars in replacement value on
land that is part of the original Castillo reservation. This
land was deeded to the Board with the stipulation that whenever
the property ceased to be used for educational purposes, it
would immediately revert back to being the property of the
U. S. Government. The improvements (school buildings) are
on a portion of the historic Cubo Line site, part of which
has been reconstructed by the National Park Service. There
is still some pressure for the Park Service to reconstruct
that portion on which some of the School Board improvements
The Cubo Line (named for the cube-like redoubt at
its western terminus) was built in 1808 on the site of
earlier earthworks. This line reached from the Castillo
de San Marcos on Matanzas Bay to the San Sebastian River,
a half mile distant, thus barring the land approach to
St. Augustine. Needle-sharp Spanish Bayonet (yucca gloriosa)
at the foot of the wall helped to make it a formidable
barrier. The present segment of the wall is a reproduction
that was built in 1964 that extends from the Fort's west
glacis to the City Gate, broken by the 4-lane highway
U. S. Business 1 and State A1A.
4. Although the Park Service has exclusive jurisdiction over
all law enforcement matters within the Monument boundaries,
the St. Augustine Police Department works closely with the
park staff on some law enforcement matters, especially
traffic control on Highway AlA. Since the Monument has a
limited number of law enforcement personnel, it is vital
that the Superintendent cultivate and perpetuate a spirit
of cooperation between the two agencies.
5. Highway AlA, owned by the State of Florida, traverses the
western boundary of the Monument. Most of the right-
of-way is presently owned by the Park Service with the
remainder having been acquired by the State through several
special use permits and agreements. According to--Memorandum
of Agreement dated July 29, 1958 between the National Park
Service, Florida Department of Transportation, St.
Augustine City Commission and the St. Johns County
Commission--, those portions presently owned by the
State will eventually be transferred to the Park
6. Future developmental planning should encompass
those elements that can be practically accommodated
allowing accessibility of facilities to handicapped
visitors. Planners should be guided by the
implications of the Architectural Barriers Act
and the Rehabilitation Act, however, extreme care
should be taken not to jeopardize the historical
fabric and other values of this 306-year-old
structure and its historic environs.
i. The City Comirmisslon of St. Augustine, an elected municipal
body, governs tUn city which surrounds the Monument. Since
the historic Castillo, City Gate, and Cubo Line are immediately
adjacent to the heart of the city, the Park Service shares with
the city an extremely heavy vehicle and pedestrian traffic
problem. The Superintendent administers written and verbal
special use agreements with the city on such matters as
street location, law enforcement, utility location, and
lighting. A number of streets vital to the city traffic,
pattern and Master Plan are on Monument property. City
actions and developments outside the Monument sometimes affect
Monument operations. Since such decisions are often determined
by local politics, the Superintendent must work closely which
city officials and influential citizens to insure that Park
Service interests are considered in such planning.
Adjacent to the Monument is the St. Augustine Historic District,
designated as a national historic landmark to commemorate the town
plan. Actually the Monument's northern boundary and part of the
western boundary constitute part of the District's northern bound-
ary. The District comprises the town area enclosed at one time
by earthwork lines on the north, west, and south city limits.
However, the District has been enlarged by the inclusion of the
former Ponce de Le6n and Alcazar Hotels, architectural landmarks
of the American gilded age, erected outside the west city limit.
The St. Augustine Historic District contains'40 colonial structures.
All of them are houses except the Castillo, City Gate, Cathedral
of St. Augustine, Government House, Public Market, Trinity Episcopal
Church, Public Library, St. Francis Barracks, and the King's Bakery.
Within the District, 24 buildings border St. George and Cuna Streets,
west and southwest respectively from the Monument. They have been
restored or reconstructed with public or private funds by the
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board since 1959. Another five
buildings are located on Charlotte, Treasury, King, and Aviles Streets.
The structures represent historic types of St. Augustine architecture,
and are adapted for use as residences, museums, and colonial crafts shops.
Four of the 29 buildings are included in the number mentioned in the
Also within the District is the St. Augustine Historical Society
complex, about one-half mile south of the Preservation Board area.
The complex consists of the Gonzilez-Alvarez (Oldest) and Llambias
Houses, both designated as national historic landmarks, the historic
Tovar House, the modern Webb Memorial Building, the Dunham Memorial
Library, and the De la Rosa, Corbett, and Garrido Houses. The latter
four are reconstructions based on historic types of St. Augustine
architecture. A museum of St. Augustine social history mainly is
house in the Webb and Tovar structures. The Society's library makes
available locally books, maps, photographs, and artifacts related
to St. Augustine history, and reproductions of materials on the
subject kept in repositories away from the city.
Outside the District's western boundary, between the City Gate
and the city visitor information center, is the Public Burying Ground.
To the southwest are the Spanish Tolomato Cemetery and Flagler Memorial
Presbyterian Church (1889-90).
Outside the District's southern boundary, less than one-half mile
away, is the site of the Spanish Powder Magazine (1797-1800).
Outside the District's eastern boundary, on north Anastasia Island,
lie the quarry sites, designated as a national historic landmark.
The quarries provided the coquina stone for building the Castillo and
public and private buildings. There is also the site of a British
battery during the 1740 siege.
Other historic sites connected with the Castillo history, lying
within a 40-mile radius, are listed in the Castillo de San Marcos
Base Historical Maps.
2. The Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board is a state
agency charged with preserving and restoring St. Augustine's
colonial houses. This agency was established in 1959 (originally
known as the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation
Commission) and is now active in a reconstructed complex
immediately adjacent to the'Castillo. Although the Park Service
and the Preservation Board have similar basic missions, the
Board shows some differences in its interpretive emphasis
because of political and commercial considerations. The
Superintendent must maintain a close working relationship with
the Preservation Board while being careful not to get the
Park Service involved in conflicts between the Board and other
3. The public relations program for the Castillo de San Marcos
National Monument is very complex. In addition to the
legitimate historical attractions in St. Augustine, several
non-historical attractions beckon to the visitor in the nation's
oldest city. There is still some local opinion that the Castillo
should be available for commercial exploitation by local groups.
The park's public relations program must continually seek local
support for National Park Service policies and procedures.
Since the park is surrounded by several different governing
bodies, it is necessary to maintain close working relationships
4. The Superintendent frequently receives important individuals
and groups, most of whom wish to tour the Castillo. These
include individuals from all walks of life, including members
of the press, radio, and TV media and many foreign dignitaries.
The people of Spain, of course, hold a strong interest in the
Castillo, and visits by high ranking citizens from that country
are common. Frequent contacts are maintained with many federal
and state representatives on relevant matters.
5. St. Augustine, unlike southern Florida, has not had
a high frequency of hurricanes. Only one (Dora) has occurred
with any appreciable effect in the last ten years. The
hurricane season extends from May through October, with
greater probability of a hurricane striking during
September and October. Although the Castillo has survived
305 "hurricane seasons", the problem of flooding and of
high winds eroding the coquina walls during these storms,
remain without any immediate answers.
C. W;ti. n-p;irc T n J1' : n :.-
1. Visit duration co the Cascillo is about 40 minutes. Optimum
visitor use cap.;city has bcen estimated at 400 persons for
each 40-minute period of the day or about 4,800 visitors in
8 hours. However, during the summer season, peak visitation
occurs between tlre hours of 11:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., totaling
at least 600-700 persons per hour, Total daily visitation
frequently exceeds 4,300 with a record 7,772 people visiting
the park on December 28, 1975. When the optimum capacity is
exceeded, congestion and undue noise result plus accelerated
damage to the historic fort fabric.
2. A concessioner uses one room of the Castillo to sell high
quality souvenirs relating to the Castillo and St. Augustine,
films, pictures, books, and other publications. This facility
enables the park to have a dependable outlet for Service
publications and other theme-related material that is
essential to the interpretive program.
3. Heavy visitor impact increases the need to find modern
preservation and maintenance products which will not impair the
appearance of the fort while still maintaining structural
integrity. Although the fort structure was engineered to
withstand bombardment from military weapons of the time, ever
increasing visitors create a completely different maintenance
problem that must be solved.
4. The primary theme of the area is the Spanish influence and
presence in the New World, therefore, all interpretation,
reconstruction, and other associated park activities are
greatly influenced by the lack of data found primarily in
Spanish language manuscripts.
5. With an average monthly visitation of well over 60,000
people at Castillo de San Marcos, long-term uniformed
seasonal employees are required to handle the many
visitors during the so-called "off season". Difficulty
is experienced in hiring and training people for these
long-term seasonal positions due to personnel regulations.
Permanent employees are of insufficient numbers to
service the ever increasing visitation.
6. The Castillo, covered way walls, moat walls, portionsof
the seawall and the City Gate pillars are composed of a
shellstone, locally quarried, called coquina. Historically
it was bonded with an oyster shell lime mortar and faced
with plaster that has since weathered away except for
very sparse areas. At best, coquina is a soft stone with
some portions being more resistant to the elements than
others. It has a definite grain. When it weathers, the
outer layer turns grey and hardens.
Park maintenance staff observations indicate that when
dried to an undetermined degree the coquina crumbles. It
does not weather evenly but does so with the grain. The
joints weather better than the stone creating a concave
surface between them. In some places, due to heavy wear,
the stone will come apart in chunks, separating with the
grain. When water is applied to newly cut stone, it is
By not knowing all the physical characteristics and
limits to this material, the park maintenance staff and
historic architects are handicapped at planning for the
optimum preservation of the historic fabric of the
Heavy visitation, 780,595 in calendar year 1976,
causes wear on those surfaces within reach of the visitors.
Winds, along with other environmental elements, have
eroded the fort's fabric. Because the Spanish did not
provide for expansion, cracks in the walls and gundecks
allow water to course through the coquina and this
causes accelerated deterioration of the Castillo.
7. Archeological investigations on park lands and nearby
park lands have resulted in 4,500 artifacts being deposited
in the park's collection. This collection is presently
being temporarily stored in Casemate No. 7 which is
totally inadequate for this purpose due to environmental
reasons. Because of future archeological investigations
in the program, along with those artifacts being processed
from excavations at Fort Matanzas, an extension to the
administration building to house and preserve these artifacts
is being programmed. Artifacts in the collection include
but are not limited to: pre-Columbian Indian, first period
Spanish, British, second period Spanish, pre-Civil War,American
War Department period and modern.
8. The Castillo has been collecting a fee for adminission since
July 1, 1935, however, placement of this intrusive function
on the historical scene has been a problem for management
ever since. The present temporary wooden structure adjacent
to the outer drawbridge, detracts from the fort's historical
impact nor is it architecturally in keeping with the Spanish
military theme of the surrounding area. Park management's
attempts at moving the fee collection function to the
parking lot have been unsuccessful so far.
9. The need of the visitor for pre-arrival information and
preparation continues. The Castillo does not have a
Visitor Center and the visitor arriving direct from his
parked automobile to the fort is spatially disoriented.
Pre-arrival information devices and/or services are needed.
10. Due to the special nature of the 306-year-old structure and
its environs, there exists certain inherent hazards that
present problems to the park visitor. Interpretive and
developmental planners must take into consideration these
elements to allow for a safe visit, however, extreme care
should be taken so as to not jeopardize the historical fabric
and other related values of the Castillo.
V. MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES
1. General Management
a. To program and plan for the reduction of conflicts between
fee collection facilities and activities, and the visitors'
appreciation of the historical architectural values of the
Castillo de San Marcos.
b. To improve the level of information and orientation of the
arriving visitors so as to reduce parent disorientation due
to inadequate devices and services.
c. To preserve and protect more than 4,500 artifacts,now in
temporary storage,from adverse climatic conditions presently
existing within the Castillo.
d. To promote consistent, effective enforcement of State and
Federal laws in the park.
e. To secure adequate information to provide a basis for
determining the appropriate future the Service plans
for the Cubo Line extension area in the event the School
Board properties are transferred to the National Park
f. To acquire those lands remaining non-federal resulting from
the 1965 road relocation intended for, but not yet transferred
to, the Service.
To maintain a close working relationship with those
historical associations, societies and organizations that
have legitimate goals in preserving and interpreting the
historical values of the City of St. Augustine in order
that the Service will be able to continue and further the
support for the Service's policies and procedures in the
preservation and interpretation of the Castillo.
g. To cooperate with local and state governmental entities,
community and civic organizations to maintain the scenic and
historic setting of the park which serves to heighten
visitor perception and enjoyment of the Castillo's
predominance in the historic setting that is St. Augustine.
2. Resource Management
a. To secure an adequate representation of documents and objects
that are essential to the public understanding and appreciation
of the Castillo in concert with the park's museum acquisition
b. To restore, reconstruct or provide a basis for determining
the appropriate future treatment of historic structures in
accordance with Service policies, in order to promote
public understanding and appreciation of the significance of
the Castillo in the early Anglo-Spanish history of the
c. To minimize to the greatest extent practicable, the adverse
effects of weathering and visitor wear on the Castillo's
3. Visitor Use
a. To foster public awareness of the importance of the Castillo
de San Marcos in the early Spanish settlement of Florida, its
role as a major fortification along shipping routes from Spain's
New World Colonies, and its significance in delaying the
advent of English supremacy in the Southeast.
b. To promote increased understanding of the relationship of
man and the environment, both during the historically
significant period of the Castillo, and in today's world.
c. To ensure the availability of orientation, information, including
publications, and interpretation for Spanish-speaking, handi-
capped, and special interest groups.
d. To control visitor use as necessary for the preservation of
the resources, for the protection of the visitor, and to
insure that the quality of the visitors' experiences will
not suffer because of congestion.
-' I, / n -
(I; ITORIC AREAS ON CERTAIN MILITARY RESERVATIONS DECLARED NATIONAL // ,
---I- I ,-
JB2 te pireirbent of t1)c "IWiCcb ZStates of Bmlnerica' '
R proclamation. ,c
WTIIE]IEAS, there e a various military rI'e'trvaltionsl un1ldi'r the control of tho
Secretary of War which comprliso arices of historic aid scionilfic interest;
AND Wii11IIan, by section 2 of the A(:t of Congress approved Juno 8, 1001
(34 Stat. 225) theo lresideiit is authorized "in hlis discretion, to decliaro by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other
objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or
controlledlby the GovernmenL of the United States to be national monumennts, and
lmay r'se'rvo s. a part thereof parcels of l.1nd, the limits.of which in all cases shall
be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper caro and manage-
mont of the objects to be protected";
Now TilnERvo'E I, ,Calvin Coolidge, President of the United States of
America, under authority of tle said Act oi' Congress (do hereby declare and pro-
chdim thie hereinafter designated areas with the historic structures and objects
thereto appertaining, and any other object or objects specifically designated,
within the following military reservations to be national monuments:
FORT WOOD, NEW YOKI(
The site of the Statue of Liiberty Eiiligitenming the World, the foundations
of which are built in the form of' a eloven-pointed star and clearly dofino the area
comprising about two anmd one-hliul acn's.
CASTLE PTNCKNEY, ('hiarlestlin llarhl Soith Carolina.
Tlhe entire reservation, cominpliinig lii. ee and one-half acres situated on Shutes
Folly Island at the mouth of Cooper Eiver opposite the southern extremity of the
'. -. 1--.. _. ... ., i. ,in mile dil. istant thferefrom.
Act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 2029)
S8. R. 12220
[Report No. 2143]
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
Armu. 24 (calenilnr day, 3MAT 7), 1936
Read twice and refrrnil to the C.a,.uinlre. on publicc Lands and Surveya
MAY 12 (al-ii.ladr 4l:V, MAY 29), 1936 .
nThixrted Iby Mr. WA.NE1., will naln amindnmnt
IInsert the Iurt prnlted In Italic)
To nillthrize the aidljustitnl.it of the hoiindary of the Fort Marion
National M loiiini'lit. Flo'rida. in tile vicinity of Yort Marion
(ircle, iand( for thlier purposes.
1 Be it enacted by the Scnate and House of Representa-
2 tics of the Uniltd Sitates of America in Congress assembled,
3 Thlat the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to
4 adjust the boundary of the Fort Marion National Monument,
5 Florida, in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle, and for said
6 purpose is autliorized to convey to adjacent property owners,
7 upon such terms and conditions as may be deemed satis-
8 factory to hiim, title to such portions of monument land as
9 he may determine to be no longer necessary for said monu-
10 nlcnt, or lie nmy accept in consideration therefore title to
1 such portion of any adjacent property as he may deem
2 desirable to satisfactorily adjust the boundary of said aiann-
4 SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he
6 is hercby, authorized to accept donations of land, interests
6 in land or buildings, structures, and other property adjacent
7 to and within a distance of oie thousand five hundred feet
8 of the boundary of the Fort Marion National Monument
9 in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle and the Old City
10 Gates,-and donations of funds for the purchase and main-
11 tenance thereof, the title and evidence of title to lands ac-
12 quired to be satisfactory to the Secretary of the Interior:
13 Provided, That he may acquire on behalf of the United
14 States out of any donated funds, by purchase at prices
15 dteemd by him reasonable or by condemnation under the
10 provisions of the Act of Augu.t 1, 1888, such tracts of land
17 adjacent to the boundary of the Fort Marion National
18 Monument in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle and the
19 Old City Gates as may be deemed desirable by him for
20 addition to the monument.
21 SEC. 3. That any lands acquired on behalf of the
22 United States under the provisions of this Act shall be, and
23 the same are hereby, added to the Fort Marion National
1 Monument: and hiall be msbjtet to the laws, rules, and regul-
2 tions applicable to said monument.
Passed the House of Representatives May 4, 1936.
Attest: SOUTH TRIMBLE,
Act of June 5, 1942 (56 Stat. 312)
""StoS "? ( R 3937
"0L ao (S)9jfQ7
[Report No. 1404]
IN TIIE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
OcTw 10, 191
Read twice and rfi,'rred to tle Conniitte on Public IndT and Sureys
MAT 26, 194
RepirtmFe by Mr. HAWI wiltout amenndmeat
To', claiigcl tlhe dlsigiall"iii of thle Fort Ma rion Nationil Monu-
linlnt, in t il Stiate of Florida. ianl for other purposes.
1 lie it CInarId bIy Itic Seniale and House of Reprejcnla-
2 ticc. of the UUniled Stat's of A merica in Congre.m a.MClbled,
:1. Thatil tihe aiai now within liti Fort Mairioi NNatiiii Mimnu-
4 ii ni, in the State of ]Flridla, shall 'hereafter Ihe known as
5 the "Ca"stillo de San Marcos Natiiial Monun'nt", uidcr
6 which nanme the iforesiiid lnatioialiil imoiioinentl shall be entitled
7 to receive nild to luse all mioiys' heretofore or hereafter
8 approprintcd for the iFort Marion National Monnuent.
Passed the House of Representatives October 15, 1941.
Attest: SOUTH TRIU BLE,
Act of July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317)
Calendar No. 1695
86TI CoNonRss SENATE J REPORT
rd Scsion ( No. 1638
',i ,, I I
ADDITION OF LANDS TO CAS'ILLO DO SAN
NATIONAL M-ONNUM-ENT, FL
JUNE 21, 1900.-Ordered to bo printed
Mr. ANDERBON, from the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
S submitted the following
ITo accompany II.R. 8226)
The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, to whom was
referred the bill (II.R. 8226) to add certain lands to Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in the State of Florida, having considered
the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend
that the bill, as amended, do pass.
The amendments are as follows:
At page 1, line 4, after the word "procure", strike all through the
word therefore at line 6 and insert in lieu thereof the following:
", in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section ..
At page 2,' beginning with line 1, strike all through line 23, page
6, and insert in lieu thereof the following:
DESCRIPTION FOR PARCEL A
Beginning at a corner of the present Castillo do San Marcos
National Monument boundary, said point also being the
northeast corner of block 1, city of St. Augustine, Florida;
thence running along the present boundary of the Castillo
de San Marcos Natiopnl Monument as follows:
North 82 degrees 04 itifnutcs west a distance of 35.46 feet;
Thence north 81 degrees 47 minutes west a distance of 60.17
Thence south 30 degrees 21 minutes west a distance of 16.36
Thence north 72 degrees 01 minutes west a distance of 4.77
Thence north 85 degrees 02 minutes west a distance of 97.52
'49000 .* ;
2 ADDITION.TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA.
Thence north 1 degree 28 minutes west a distance of 4.09
Thence north 11 degrees 18 minutes west a distance of 39.02
STh'ence south 77 degrees 32 minutes west a distanc'of 0.51
Thence north 10 degrees 50 minutes west a distance of 32.96
Thence north 7 degrees 36 minutes west a distance of 37.61
Thence south 88 degrees 54 minutes west a distance of 20.30
Thence south 73 degrees 52 minutes west a distance of 95.80
Thence north 2 degrees 21 minutes east a distance of 22.64
Thence north 4 degrees 30 minutes west a distance of 28.03
Thenco north 81 degrees 08 minutes east a distance of 0.49
Thence north 7 degrees 10 minutes west a distance of 0.51
Thence north 65 degrees 12 minutes west a distance of 0,01
Thence south SO degrees 40 minutes west a distance of
71.39 feet to a point in tlh southerly right-of-way line of
the proposed Castillo Drive as delineated on the survey map
by Emmett W\illiam i'Pacetti and Associates in three sheets
dated April 23, 1960, file lnumbelred LD)-54 and revised June
2, 1960, said point being in the are of a curve, concave to
the southeast and having i radius of 465.00 feet, the radius
of said curve hearing north 58 degrees 20 minutes 03 seconds
east from said point; thence leaving the present national
monument boundary and running along tile southerly right-
of-way line of the proposed (Castillo Drive' along tie arc of
said curvu through a central angle of 30 degrees 42 miliutes
03 seconds, 219.16 feet to the end of said curve; tlhnce
south 62 degrees 25 Ininutes east 110.59 feet, n loah, Ihe
southerly right-of-way line of thl proposed Castillo Drive
to a point in lhe west line of block 1, city of St. Augustine,
Florida; thence leaving tho southerly right-of-way line of
the proposed ('astillo b'rivo and running south 16 degrees
22 minutes west 81.72 feet along the west line of block 1,
city of St. Augustine to tim southwest corner of said lilock 1;
thence south 83 degrees S minutes east 192.00 feet along
the south line. of said block 1 to a point in the westerly right-
of-way line of Florida State Rioad A-1-A: tlhence north-i
4 degrees 416 minutes west I11)0.23; feet along tlhe westerly
right-of-way line of lorilda Stale load A-1-A to a point
in the present ('astillo de tSan 1Marcos National Mlonument
)bo(undiary; thence south 85 degrees. 05 minutes west 8.57
feet along said national Inmonumnent boundary to a stone
monument; thence north 5 degrees 21 minutes west 34.90
feet along said national monument boundary to tho pouiu
of beginning and containing approximately 1.05 acres.
ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 3
DISCRIPTvON FOR PAiLCEL D
Beginhinig at a corner of tlie present Castillo do San
Mfrcos National MAonument, loundairy, said point also being
tlhe nortlicast corner of block fi. (ity of SL. Augustine,
Florida; thence south 78 degrees 0)6 inuiitels west 72.0)'5 fecet
along the present Cistillo de San Marcos Nailioniil Monu-
ment, boundary coinuion to the north line of snid block 6 to ia
point in tlic southerly right t-of-way line of I he proposed Cist illo
Drive as delineated on the survey inup by EnnutL \VWilline
Pacetti miid Associates in three shlcts dated April 23, 1'li0,
file numbered 1,D-5. and revised June 2. 160i, said point
being in the arc of a curve conclave to the southwest and
having a radius of 012.00 feet; tho radius of said currvo
bearing south 54 degrees 30 minutes 11 seconds west from .
said point; thence leaving thi I)resvnt niationil moniciumient
boulndiary nd running along the soutlierly right.-of-wlny line
of the proposed Caistillo Drive along tlie are of said curve
through a ccniil ri angle of 13 degrees 25 minutes 41 seconds
143.45 feet to thecend of said curve; thence south 21 degrees 55
minutes cast 169.16 feet aIlong the southerly right-of-way
line of tlhe proposed Castillo )rive to a point in the southerly
line of lot 20, block 7, city of St. Augustine, Florida, and tlho
present Castillo de San Marcos National Monument bound-
ary; thence leaving the southerly right-of-way line of the
proposed Castillo Drive and running along the present
boundary of the Castillo do Sain Marcos National Monument
North 82 degrees 20 minutes east a distance of 62.00 feet;
Thence north 10 degrees 42 minutes west a distance of
Thenco north 33 degrees 22 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 70 degrees 26 minutes west a distance of
Thence' south 83 degrees 06 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 75 degrees 11 minutes west a distance'of
Thence north 13 degrees 56 minutes west a distance of
,Thenco south 80 degrees 29 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 17 degrees 13 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 72 degrees 20 minutes east a distance of
Thence north 17 degrees 26 minutes west a distance of
Thence south 72 degrees 28 minutes west a distance o,
* 4 ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA.
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a distance of
57.46 feet to the point of beginning and containing approxi-
mately 0.32 acres.
At the top 6f pago 6, strike the designation "Area B" and insert in
lieu thereof the designation "Area C".
At page 6, after line 21, insert the following subsection:
(a) The Secretary shall, in procuring lands or interests
therein pursuant to the provisions of this section, acquire
such lands or interests therein pply by negotiations; except
that the lands or interests therein described as block 1, city
of St. Augustine, Florida, may be acquired by the Secretary
in such manner as he may deem to be in the public interest,
including procurement with funds which may be appropriated
II.R. 8226, as amended by the Senate, authorizes the acquisition of
about 1.37 acres of land for the enlargement of the Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in St. Augustine, Fla.
Castillo do San Marcos was established as a national monument in
1924. It was constructed by the Spanish during the years 1672-96
as the northern outpost of their Caribbean empire for defense against
the English and French, served as the center for raids into the Caro-
linas and Georgia between 1686 and 1742, was itself the target for
Indian and English raids during tie same period, played an important
role in theo War of Jenkins' Ear, and served as a military prison during
the 1800's. It is, in brief, one of the most important historic sites in
the southeastern part of the United States. It attracts tens of thou-
sands of visitors from all parts of the country. Over 450,000 persons
visited it in 1950 alone.
The two tracts of land proposed to be acquired will enhance the
setting of Cn'stillo de San Marcos and will provide parking for visitors,
make possible tie relocation of an existing street, and permit the resto-
ration of the fort grounds. Tho plans contemplated by IT.R. S22C
are in part the outgrowth of an agreement between the National Park
Service, the Florida State Road Department, the city of St. Augustine.
and St. John's County for adjustment of street and highway travel
in the vicinity of the monument in order to correct a serious traflk
problem and improve parking conditions for visitors.
The land to be acquired under II.R. S22G is unavoidably expensive(
because of the built-up character of the property. Acquisition cst
estimated at 5Ci0,000, includes the puirchaso of property upon whicl
is located an outdatled hotel and other buildings which will be demol
ished. Enactment of the bill at this tieo, however, will avoid tih
even higher costs that would undoubtedly be incurred if there is delti
while property values continue to rise and further development occurs
ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MAIRCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, PLA. 5
The Department of the Interior has submitted a report recommend-
ing enactment of I.I. 8226 wit h clarifying niamenilents. The aiimend-
nmnts wero adopted by the HIouse (Comnitlee on Interior and Insular
Affairs in a slightly different form than recommended. The Depart-
mont,'s report follows:
U.S. DEPAIuTMENT OF TIlE INT~"'rrE l,
OFFICE OF TIle S.CRETATY,
Hon. WAYN N. ASPINL, ashington, D.C., March 8, 1060.
HIon. W^YPI' N. ASPINALL.,
Chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
House of Ih'pre.sentati'es, Wa 'shington., 1).C.
DEAIt M n. AsmINALL: Your committee hns requested a report on
H.R. 8226, a bill to add certain lands to Castillo de San Manrcos
National Monument in the State of Florida.
We rccommnd tlhait I his legislation be enacted and further suggest
several clarifying aniwndllliments.
H.R. 822G provides for the addition of two parcels of land to thA
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument. Parcel A, consisting
of approximately 2.45 acres, adjoins the present southwest boundary
of the monument and is required to provide offstreet parking for
visitors, to relocate an existing road and make possible the restora-
tion of the fort grounds. Parcel B, consisting of about 0.31 acres,
contains a portion of the historic moat which is still in evidence. Its
acquisition would also afford protection to the historic city gate which
is a part of the monument.
On July 29, 1958, this Department entered into an agreement with
officials of the Florida State Road Department, tie city of St. Augus-
tine, and St. Johns County, Fla., regarding certain difficulties con-
cerning this area. This agreement settled a problem that involved
a projected use for highway purposes of a portion of historic Castillo
,do San Marcos National 'Monument, the oldest standing military
structure in North America. The agreement made it possible for the
local government bodies in the area to proceed, without delay, with
the improvement of Fort Marion Circle from San Marco Avenue to
Bay Street, a )part of the city's hay-front improvement program. The
initial step in effectuating the agreement was the issuance of .permit
by which certain monument lands were permitted to be used lor the
temporary location of the improved street.
Pursuant to the agreement, the ne.ct step is the addition of certain
lands to the monument in order that the Department's plan for the
restoration of the fort grounds, the ultimate road"relocation, and the
furnishing of the offstrect parldng for monument visitors might
Enactment of II.R. 8226 would authorize the acquisition of sub-
stantialky those lands contemplated by the agreement. In order to
avoid severances, ownership lines are followed. These lines were not
available when the agreement was executed. A small tract adjacent
to the seawall has been omitted since restoration in this area is being
accomplished by the city. Another tract in the vicinity of the city
gate is not included since it is contemplated that the routing of trallio
around the historic city gate will be provided by the city.
690014--00 8. Rept., 86-2, voL. 4-5
C /DDI'-ON TO CASTILLO DE SAN MAICOS NATIONAL MONUMI.'NT, FLA.
Wjile diiTering from the agreement in certain respects, thei anquisi.
tion of the lands described in the bill will enable this Departnmeun in
carry out its program to preserve the Castillo do San Malrc'os Nationiil
Moonument and to provide offstreet parking facilities for moinumel t
We recommend the following clarifying amendments to this bill:
(1) That line 25 on page 2 he changed to read asflli:
"Charlotte Street 57.0 feet to a point;"
(2) Line 9 on pnge 3 to le changed to read as follows: "rian
now or formerly owned by Blanche L. Cerveau. being;" -
(3) Line 13, pago 3, be changed to read as follows: "Blane11.
L. Cerveau to point on th.e southerly property line;"
(4) Line 10, page 4, bo changed to rend as follows: "Tl'h,nce
northerly on a prolongation of said property."
In order to assure that all phases of the agreement, mentioned her,.
toforo are carried out, and that the integrity, of the Castillo is main.
tainted, we'feel that there should be no delay in the enactinwm. of this
It is estimated that the lands described in this legislation will cost
1he Blureau of the Budget has advised us that. "no columitmeunt.
can be made, in view of the present budgetary outlook, as Ito the
timirn of a recommendation for an appropriatio for the stilled pir-
pose of the bill." It, las further advised us that t here is no objection
to the submission of this report to your coniuittee.
Assistant Secretary of the Interior,
PUIi'OSE OF SENATE AMENDMENT
A number of property owners in the area affected by the bill as
originally introduced and tho companion legislation introduced in
thl Senato by Senator Iolland, S. 232S, have questioned thio nceessily
of taking as'mucil liandi as initially proposed. At the request of
bSenator I lllannd, the National Park Serviceo conducted a resurvev
of the desired properties. As a result, the National Park' Servicn
revised tihe boudari'es in the proposed addition il order that the
most urgent requirements of each property owner will be respected,'
so far as is possible, without substantially impairing tihe purpose
of thl proposed taking. Theo Senato amendment respecting land
descriptions carries out lie resurvey mientiolned above.
Testimony was received by the commit lee from several landowners
in St. Augustine. Iln that certain hardshipq could result from tho
proposed land acquisition program contemplated in the bill, and as a
eans of assuring that. suchI hardships will not, ho brought about
unneessarily, th1 commiittee adopted tho language in section 1(a)
to restrict the power of the National 'Pairk Service to acquire certain
properties through condemnation proceedings.
Set forth below is a letter front the Director of the Park Service
relating to this issue.
ADDITION .O'CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 7
U.S. DI)PAITMENT OF TIU INTEItIOR,
S .. NATIONAL PARK )EIRVICM,
J'asdingituon, D.C., June 7, 10G0.
lion JoseI'nr C. O',MAInIos,:v,
Chairman, Public Lands Subcommitlce,
Committee on interior and Insular A.fairs,
U.S. Scnate, \W'ashington, I).U.
DEAn SENATTouR O'.LMAIONI: : This is isn re.ponso to the request, of
the bubconumitte, oil Public Iainlds thl, we saiip)ily ta t.alteent, in
connection with th1e louse niiil Senate bills on ('still do Sl n M lcous
National Monument, for which hearings were held on Junie 0.
The survey by EnI nett Willillm 1 'aeetti & Associaltes, file No;
LD-54-1, revised June 2, 1960, and submitd at tel at he hlearin'., depicts
a smaller nreii of acquisition than that contained in II.R. 8221; itld S.
2328 as they were introduced. Thef ell'ct of theo revised survey is to
limit taking to the are( lyina between the exis ing monumlent boundary
and tlhe outside curb lill of the proposed road. Enclosed is i descrip.
tion of theo land depicted on the survey in (llestionl. T'he descriptions
designated on the enclosure as pa)rc Ils A anid 11 should be substituted
for the descriptioLn u)Ippei ing l tile bills 1s, nri'l A. Thle dlsceription of
area B, as contained ill the bills, should be retained blt, redesiignted
area C. Tiiis particular land is it Iinet, lying west of thel city gates
along Orango Street and is il public ownership. Thelo controversy
which has attached itself to tlhe other Innd is not involved with
respect to this tract, which contain is a, pr t of the old city 111011t.
The land described in tile enclosure and depicted on thi revised
survey represents a satisflwtory revision of lthe proposed addition to
Castillo do Sun MIarcos National Monlumenlt, which is acceptable.
If the proposal is enacted, tho National Park Service will proceed
promptly to take the necessary steps looking toward tle acqulisition of
the Bennett Hotel property. PIreliminary negotiations have already
In order to avoid hardship to the present, owners of thie Innd shown
on tih revised J'acetti survey, other lthan tlio .Belneltt lotel Ipoperty,
such laind will be acquired through volumlary slesl negotiated with,
these owners. Colciitiinmation will not be inst titled aigiainslt Ihe persons'
now owning the pro[)erty except, if alienation of the property by tlhen
i iimninent, or if they undertake to so clinge the existing use of or
developments on tle land as will render the ultiiimte acquisition by
the United States exorbitantly costly or will seriously interfero witli
the preservation nnd administration of Castillo de Snn Manrcos Na-
tional Monument. 'f, after negotiating I volllntlarVy silel, title difli-
uilties remain, we would resort to condemnation to clear title. We
offer this assurance to the committee with the thought thit this state-
Ient may be included in tlh committee's report, if the comimitteo
sees fit to do so. We recommend that, in view of tlese assurances,
the pending legislation bo reported favorably, amending only the
decril)tioni to coif'orm to the revised survey by Enmmett William lPa.
Cetti and Associates.
Based upon the information available to us we estimate that the
cost of acquiring the lands under such an amended bill would be ap-
CONAD L. WmIT, Direcor.
ADDITION OF CERTAIN LANDS TO
CASTILLO DE SAN MAICOS NA-
TIONAL MONUMENT, I'LA.
Mr. SMATII-RS. Mr. President, I
move that the Senate proceed to the con-
sideration of Calendar No. 1605, House
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill
will be stated by title for the information
of the Senate.
The CiixEF' CLERK. A bill (HI.R. 822G)
to add certain lands to Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in the State
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The
question Is on nrgrcning to the motion of
the Senator from Florida.
Tho motion was agreed to; and the
Senate proceeded to consider the bill,
which had been reported from the Comn-
mittee on Interior and Insular Affairs
with amendments, on page 1, line 4, after
the word "procure", to strike out "in
such manner as he may deem to be In
the public interest, including procure-
ment with funds which may be appro-
priated therefore" and insert "in accord-
ance with the provisions of subsection
(b) of this section"; at the top of page 2,
to strike out:
Starting at a point In the seawall of Cas-
tillo de San Marcoa Natlonal Monument,
which la the southeast corner of the present
Federal reservation: thence westerly 01.08
foot, more or le.s, along the existing bound-
ary of Castlllo do San Mnrcon National Mon-
Ument to the intersection of said line with
the west right-of-way line of Day Street, the
point of beginning;
Thence southerly along the west right-of-
way line of Day Street 143 5 feet, more or
lis, to the Intorucction of said right-to-way
line with the north right-of-way linc of Cunia
Street which is the southemat corner of block
1; thence westerly 1940 feet. more or le.s,
along the north right-,of-way line of Cuna
Street to the literarction of said right-of-
way line with the ea;terly right-of-way linn
of Charlotte Street, which In the southwest
corner of block 1:
Thence northerly along the east right-of-
way line of Herrea,Way 25.0 feet, more or
less, to a point whore said right-of-way line
is Interectod by a prolongation of the north-
erly right-of-way iLno of Cuna Street;
Thence westerly across Charlotte Street to
the northwest, corner of Charlotte and Cuna
Btrcots. which la the southeast corner of
Thence northerly along the west right-of-
way line of Charlotto Street 67.0 ecot to a
Thence northwesterly 28.3 feot, more or
ss, to a point located 20 feet west from the
e'wt right-of-way line of Charlotte Street
on the southerly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Mrs. J. 0. Windsor,
Sbeolo ots 13 and 14, block 7;
Thence westerly along the said southerly
property line of land now or formerly owned
by Mrs. J. 0. Windsor 140.0 feet, more or
less to a point on the easterly property line
of land now or formerly owned by lDanche
IL. Corveau. being lot 10. block 7;
Thence northerly 80.5 foot, more or less.
along said easterly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Diancho L. Cervaau
Sto a point on the southerly property line of
land now or formerly owned by Mary Peck,
being lot 18, block 7;
Thence westerly along said southerly prop-
erty line of Innd now or formerly owned by
Mary Peck 125.5 feet, more or less, to the
easterly property lino of land now or for-
merly owned by Colonial 8t. Augustineo
Inc., being lot 5, block 7;
Thence northerly along said property line
of land now or formerly owned by Colonial
St. Augustine, Inc., 42.0 feet, more or less,
to the southerly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Frank Upchurch, be-
ing lot 4. block 7:
Thence easterly along said southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned by
Frank- Upchurch. 50.0 feet, more or less, to
the westerly property line of land now or
formerly owned by Mary Peck;
Thence northerly along said property line
of land now or formerly owned by Mary
Peck and along said property line prolonged
140.0 feet, more or less. to a point on the
southerly property line of land now or form-
erly owned by F. Victor Rahner, fragment
of lot 1. block 7.
Thence westerly along said southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned
by F. Victor Ralhner 40.0 feet, more or less.
to a point on the easterly property line
of land now or formerly owned by tie R. L.
Parks estate, portion of lot 1, block 7;
Thence northerly along said easterly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned by
the R. L. Parls estate 06.0 feet, more or
less, to the intersection of said property line
with the southerly right-of-way line of
Port Alley which point is the northeast
corner of lot 1, block 7, and the northwest
corner of lot 21, block 7;
Thence northerly on a prolongation of said
property line 14.0 feet, more or less, to a
point on the north right-of-way line of
Tlience westerly 5 0 feet. more or Ies, to
the point on said right of way line which
is the southwest corner of lot 6, block 6, and
the routhen..t corner of lot 4, block 6;
Thence northerly 148.0 feet, more or less,
along the lot line which is common to lot
5. block 6. and lots 2 and 4, block 6, and
said line prolonged to a point on the south-
Serly property line of land now or formerly
owned by the Gulf Oil Company;
Thence westerly along the southerly line
of said land now or formerly owned by the
Gulf Oil Compnny and its prolongation to
a point 00 feet eastward of the easterly right-
of-way line of Saint George Street:
Thence northerly along a line parallel to
and 60 feet enatward of the said easterly
right-of-way lhe of Saint George Street a
distance of 90.0 feet, more or less, to a point
in the present boundary of the Oaetllo de
San Maroos National Monument;
Thence easterly along the said present
boundary of he monument a distance of
10842 CONGRESSIONAL-SENATE June 23, 1960
107.011 fret lo ia niari)l corner,.Lon lbelii Thiiee leI ing thle mnottherly rliht-of-way
tie riortli.vuit coiorIr of sld bi(lock (1; thllinco line of the propiloed Cutillo Drive anil run-
contllinllnll along the tio nliL pi iet ioliiiitlary nilng otoh 10 degrees 22 m inltes weat 81.72
of the Camtillo do Ilan Marc.m National Mon- feet along the west lie of block I. city of
ument in a generall easterly anld sout* h int Augustine to the southwest corner o
enaterly direction to the point of beginning, said bloct c
containing In all about 2.46 acres of land. c
r Thence south 13 degrees 3B minutes east
At the top Of page 0, to Insert: ID2.00 feet along the sonth line of iLld
ODscaU-TION FOR PAsCXL a block 1 to a point in the westerly right-of-
Beginning at a corner of the present Cas- way line of Florida State road A-I-A;
tillo do San Marcos National Monument Thence north 4 degrees 40 minutes west
boundary, said point also being the north- 140.23 feet along the westerly right-of-way
east corner of block 1, city of Saint Augue- line of Florida State road A-I-A to a point
tine. Florida; thence running along the In the present Castlllo do San MLroo Nav
present boundary of the Ca illlo de San Uonal Moaument boundary;
Mnrcos National Monument as follows:
North 82 degrees 04 minutes west a dis-
tance of 35.40 feet
Thenco north 81 degrees 47 minutes west
a distance of 60.11 feet;
Thence south 30 degrees 21 minutes west 13989
a distance of 16 36 feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 01 minutes west
a distance of 4.77 feet;
Thence north 05 degrees 02 minutes west
a distance of 07.62 feet;
Thence north 1 degree 28 minutes west a
distance of 4.00 feet; Thence south 86 degrees 05 minutes west
Thenco north 11 degrees 18 minutes west 8.57 feet along said National Monument
a distance of 30.02 feet; boundary to a stole monument;
Thenco south 77 degrees 32 minutes west Thence north 6 degrees 21 minutes went
a dltancoof 0.51 feet; 3400 feet along anid National Monumcnt
'Thlenco nol ti 10 u(l,;rees 60 minutes went boundalry to the olllt of beginning olid con-
a diitiince of 32.00 feet; training approximately 1.05 neres.
Thlence north 7 (deroca 30 minutes west
a distance of 37.61 feet; Drur N r A .
Thence south 118 degrees 64 minutes west beginning at a corner of the present C.s-
a distance of 20.30 feet; tillo de San Marcoa Natinalr Monument
Thence south 73 degrees 62 minutes west boundary. said point also being the north-
a distance of 95.80 feet; east corner of block 6. city of Saint Au-
Thence nortl 2 degrees 21 minutes east gustlne, Florida;
a distance of 22.G4 feet; Thence south 70 degrees 00 minultlt west
Thence north 4 degrees 30 minutes west 7295 feet along the present Castillo de San
a distance of 28.03 feet; Marco National Monument boundary com-
Thence north 81 degrees 08 minutes east mon to the north line of said blo k 6 to a
a distance of 0.49 feet; point in the southerly rilht-of-wny line of
Thence north 7 degrees 10 minutes west the proposed Custlllo Drive as delineated
a distance of 9.61 feet; on the survey map by VFinmett William Pa-
Thence north 65 degrees 12 minutes west cctti and associates in three Rheets dated
a distance of 9.01 feet; April 23, 1900, file numbered LD-54 and re-
Thenco south 00 degrees 40 minutes west vired June 2, 10O0. said point being in the
a distance of 71.39 feet to a point In the arc of a curve concave to the southwest and
southerly right-of-way line of the proposed having a radius of 612.00 feet: the radius
Castllo Drive as (ellncted on the survey of said curve bearing south 64 degrees 39
map by Emmett William P'acettl and Asso- minutes 11 seconds west from said point;
plates In three sheets dated April 23, 1960, Thence leaving the present National Monu*
Illo numbered LD-54 and revised June 2. ment boundary and running along the
1900. said point being in the are of a curve, southerly right-of-way line of the proposed
concave to the southeast and having a radius Castillo Drive along the arc of said curve
of 465.00 feet, the radius of said curve bear- through a central angle of 13 degrees 25
Ing north 60 degree 20 minutes 03 seconds minutes 41 seconds 143.45 feet to the end
ea:.t from rsad point: of said curve:
Thence leaving the present National Mon- Thence south 21 degrees 65 minutes east
umient boundary and running; along the 106.10 feet along the southerly right-of-way
southerly right-of-way line of the proposed line of the proposed Castlllo Drive to a
Castillo Drive along the are of said curve point in the southerly line of lot 20, block 7.
through a central angle of 30 degrees 42 city of Saint Augustine, Florida, and the
minute 03 bco nds, 240.10 feet to the end present Cmastllo do San Marcoa National
of said curve; Monument boundary;
Thence south 02 degrees 25 minute east Thence leaving the southerly right-of-way
110.69 leet along the southerly right-of-Way line of the proposed Castillo Drive and run-
line of the proposed Castillo Drive to a ning along the present.boundary of the Cas-
point in the west line of block 1, city of tUll de Lam Marcos oJatonal Monument a
saint Augustine, Florida; followsI
North 82 degrees 20 minutes east a dis-
tance of 02.90 feet;
Thence north 10 degrees 42 minutes west
a distance of 40.27 feet;
Thence north 33 degrees 22 minutes west
a distance of 6.70 feet;
Thence north 70 .degrees 20 minutes west
a distance of 6.21 eet;
Thence south 03 degrees 00 minutes west
a distance of 2.20 feet:
Thence north 70 degrees 11 minutes west
a dintanco of 30,40 fret;
Thence north 13 degrees 60 minutes west
& diLtanco of 162.00 feet;
Thence south 00 degrees 29 minutes west
distance c 3.78 feet;
Thence north 17 degrees 13 minutes west
adtstance of 2.00 feet:
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a
distance of 20.07 feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 20 minutes east
Sdilatnce of 2.01 feet:
Thence north 17 degrees 20 minutes west
I distance of 11.61 fcek'4
Thence south 72 degrees 28 minutes west
a distance of 2.90 feet;
Thence north 17 drtgrees 32 minutes west
a distance of 57.40 feet to the point of be-
ginning and containing approximately 0.32
On page 11, line 12, to strike out
"AREA B" and insert description for
And, on pago 12, after line 9, to in-
(b) The SecretaXy shnll. In procuring
lands or Interests therein pursuant to the
provisions of this section. acquire such lands
or interest therein only by negotiations:
except that the lands or interests therein
described as block 1. city of balnt Augustine.
Florida, may be acquired by the Secretary In
such manner as he may deem to be in the
public internrt, including procurement with
lunds which mny be appropriated therefore.
The PRESIDINGG OFFICER. The
qucstlion is on agreeing to the commit-
Mr. IIOI,IAND. Mr. I'rcsidcnt. this
is a House bill, to add certain landt.s to
the Caslillo de S:ni Mrcos Nationial
Monument, at St. Anuustine, I*"1a. Ilic
bill which passed the lHouse provided for
the addition of nearly 3 acres of land-1
believe it was 2.76 acres-to tlis monu-
ment area. There were cormplain-s from
some of tin property owners. At the re-
quest of the Selatora iloml I'Florlida a re-
sur\vey ws\: inmii(e, wihi reduced tile
ncrenige to be added to 1.37 acre's.
Thie Senalte conimlittee- conducted
hcarlmilfs, andl nmic'rd to recommend the
bill with an amendmncit, which would
reduce tile added area to 1.37 acr's as
sho ii by tli' ecsurvey.
The second change which the commit-
tee recommended was to withhold the
right of condemnation at this time from
the National Park Service, except as to
the principal and most needed tract of
une 23, 1960
land, constituting about an acre. That
course is thoroughly agreeable to the
Scnators from Florida. It will leave a
small tract to be acquired In the future,
unless it can be acquired by negotiation.
There is a third small tract Included
In the bill, which Is already in public
ownership, and which does not have to
be either paid for or considered as a part
of the added lands. It comprises a part
of the moat of the ancient city of St.
Augiiustine. T'iis tract has already been
acquired and deeded to the public.
The Senators from Florida are thor-
oughly agreeable to the amendments
proposed, and we ask that the amend-
ments be considered en bloc at this time,
and promptly agreed to, for this reason:
The description is a very lengthy and
involved one, and will have to be checked
carefully by the House, as It was by us.
It Is based on titles nearly 400 years old,
and it is a metes-and-bounds descrip-
tion. We hope that a conference may be
avoided, but if it should become neces-
sary, we want to allow ample time for the
conference to agree on the provisions of
Let me add, in closing, that the House
Members from Florida are in complete
accord with the changes suggested by
the Senate committee.
Mr. ALLOTT. Mr. President, will the
Mr. HOLLAND. I yield.
Mr. ALLOTT. We went into this
question very thoroughly. I think the
Senator from Florida has presented the
facts. There is no reason why the bill
should not be passed.
Tho PRESIDING OFFICER. The
Question is on agreeing to the commit-
tee amendments. Without objection,
the committee amendments are agreed
to en bloc.
The bill is open to further amendment.
If there be no further amendment to be
proposed, the question is on the engross-
ment of the amendments and the third
reading of the bill.
The amendments were ordered to be
engrossed and the bill to be read a third
Tho, bil (H.R. 8226) was read the
third timo and passed.
J.1) S'I'M 'ES I 'AR'l'M lEN'l 01:1 -1-1 [ER
NA FiCINAI PARK SERVICE
SPECIAL US` PERMIT
,Castjjlo s;de 5an S .r1, xc os N,':ational. jion~ureit
C ......... . -'LIEII \I
PERMIT NO. EXPIRES
'PREVIOUS PERMIT NO.
si; ., r* l ," f I ,,J | ,* | 1 .1 IJ r | i .:
loi lda tbate Road,epartment ,of. TalLahass'b. Flrid.- is r ..authr d
during the period from June 16 o une
td use' the following-desribed land in the'above-named area:
,Lands within..the boundariess .of: Castillo de San, Idrcos. National,1 Mnuiment;as shown,.,on
the plan prepared- by .the' national Park.: Service titled; "A,~4justed.road,,alignMent"
and numbered Ni-CSi4 1010-A. The plan is also,:designatedr;"Exhibit;'0l "and 'dated
for the purpose of constructing and maintaining a publio,highway, being that part of,
Fort 'Arion Circle connecting San'lY rco Avenue ,north', 6f the -,old- City Gate, with Bay
subject to the conditions qn the reverse hereof and attached pages and to the payment to the' Government of the United
States of the sum of Dollars ($
in advance (_ ..--(Monthly, scMniannually, etc.) or as follow: ___
The fee is waived because the perii.t -e is a state agency and the road is for the use
of the public,
payment tO be made to the Superintendent by Express or Postal Money Order, .Certified Check, or Draft payable to
the Natioral Park Service, or Cash.
Issued at ., ....i Richmond. Virginia
this 29th day of Anugust .
___ 9 I
0i C tb.rSuptrlntondentr
-'n Idal D 1 r~r
The undersigned hereby accepts this permit subject to the terms, covenants, obligations, and reservations, expressed:or implied, therein:
S, .'TWO WITNESSES TO SIGNfaTURES PERMITTEE (SIGNATurr)
NAME I ,.' ,
^ ^. ,.; ,,, ,/.
.,STAT2 1OAI DEPARTMENl OF .FLORID,'
I ATTR-, 42
APPROVED: (If opprovol i; required by higher oulwhity)' Secretary
NA -TITLE DATE
nE I DATEtnrrloot
,ign namin' tdl rianit'as writirn in bodof or prmit; for copartnership, permittels shuhll sign as "mcmnbers of firm"; for corporation, the officer authorized to execute
conirirts, etc., should sign, with title, the ulfiiriiency of rich mignnaiture bI g a;wItlrel Iby the Secretary, with corporate seal, in lieu of witnesses
48 (This copy for iurrnittee) d V'Ai. I
NATIONAL PANK GLIVICEL
SPECIAL USE PERMIT CONTINUATION SHEET
AHILA PERMIT NO. PAGE NO.
Castillo de San Mrcos National 1, monument __
16. The permitted shall protect the scenic and aesthetic value of the right of way
and the adjacent land as far as possible consistent with the authorized use,
during construction, operation, and maintenance of the highway. The permitted
shall provide and maintain in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent means
of access to the national monument for the use of visitors and for normal ad-
ministration and operation.
17. Pcrmittee agrees that it will hold the United States and/or its employees free
and harmless from any and all claims for injuries or damages to persons or
property arising either directly or indirectly from its use of the premises
and/or exercise of the privileges granted under this permit.
18. Permittee agrees that upon completion of road construction, and relocation, all
sections of the old Fort PFirion Circle will be obliterated, and the curbs removed.
All of the area on the national monument side of the new curb will be brought to
approved grade with good top soil and will be seeded and spot sodded with grass
in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent of the National Monument.
19. The permitted agrees to transplant or replace in kind all trees and shrubs which
are disturbed or in the way of the construction. This landscaping work shall
be carried out as prescribed by a planting plan which will be prepared by the
National Park Service and in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent of the
National Monument. The permitted agrees, under paragraphs 18 and 19, to maintain
new lawn areas and planted trees for one year after planting to assure an initial
survival, and will replant any areas or specimens which die within one vear from
the date of approval of the work.
20. The permitted agrees to present the construction drawings to the National Park
Service for approval before advertising for bids.
21. This permit is automatically renewable fo* further periods of one year each for
a total term of not exceeding twenty (29 years in all from June 16, 1958.
i, .. nV..t 49