STATEMENT FOR MANAGEMENT
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT
Prepared by: 6 f
Po RDaniel J. Tobin, Jr.
Management and Operations
June 28, 1978
May 5, 1978
I. PURPOSE OF THE PARK
Based on the Antiquities Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225),
Presidential Proclamation No. 1713 (43 Stat. 1968), dated
October 15, 1924, proclaimed Fort Marion (as the Castillo was
known from 1825 to 1942) together with the historic structures
and objects appertaining to be a national monument.
The fundamental purpose of the Castillo de San Marcos National
Monument is to conserve the scenery, history, historical objects
of the structure known as Castillo de San Marcos, and its
surrounding lands which are associated with the Spanish influence
and subsequent cultures in what is now the United States, and to
provide for the enjoyment of these values in such a manner and
by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of
future generations. See appendix for appropriate legislation
which substantiates this purpose, as follows:
A Proclamation, October 15, 1924
Act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 2029)
Act of June 5, 1942 (56 Stat. 312)
Act of July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317)
Act of August 27, 1964 (78 Stat. 611)
II. SIGNIFICANCE OF PARK RESOURCES
Castillo de San Marcos is the symbol of the presence since 1565
of Spain in today's Southeastern United States. Spain's settle-
ment of Florida confirmed and strengthened her title to this
section of the Spanish colonial empire. Its continuous occupation
.denied to other nations the use of Florida's east coast as the
site of potentially hostile bases along the vital intercontinental
The Anglo-Spanish struggle for the Southeast opened with English
settlement at Charleston in 1670, on Spanish-claimed land. This
hastened the decision to replace the wooden fort in order to con-
tain English expansion, for the intensity of the contest was bound
to increase. Thus Spain constructed the masonry fortification
that still survives and reminds us of her contribution to the
settlement of the continental United States. Castillo de San Marcos
played a major part in delaying the advent of English supremacy in
The Castillo is the oldest masonry fortification within the
continental United States. It is also exceptionally preserved,
clearly illustrating the development of European military architec-
ture and its transplantation and adaption to the New World.
The historic structure of Castillo de San Marcos and its component
works -- moat, ravelin, water battery, covert way, and covert way
wall -- occupy a surface area of 346,336 square feet. The
Castillo walls are 30 feet high. The City Gate pillars, also part
of the National Monument, cover an area of 864 square feet and are
24 feet high.
The condition of the Castillo and the City Gate pillars is good,
and results from stabilization work performed by the War Department
and the National Park Service.
Major topographic features.
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument is located in the City of
St. Augustine (Florida), mid-way down the eastern shore of a
peninsula bounded on the east by the Matanzas River, Hospital
Creek, and Robinson Creek, and on the west and south by the San
Sebastian River. The peninsula is four-and-a-half miles long
from the north city limit to the junction of the San Sebastian
and Matanzas Rivers, one mile wide at its widest point, and one-
half mile wide at its narrowest point. The lower half of the
peninsula is split in two by tidal Maria Sanchez Lake, three-fourths
mile long, which joins the Matanzas River north of the junction of
the latter with the San Sebastian.
The St. Augustine peninsula is flat land and sandy soil. Ex-
tensive portions of it have been earth-filled. Tidal marsh land
girds three sides, but it is more extensive north of the Monument
to the city limit and at the southern tip of the peninsula.
The St. Augustine peninsula is predominantly an urban area. The
other two urban concentrations within the city limits are north
Anastasia Island, to the east beyond the Matanzas River, and West
Augustine, beyond the San Sebastian. The residential development
on north Anastasia has been built on filled-in marsh land.
Two main roadways parallel each other up the St. Augustine peninsula
for three-fourths of its length. From the south, U. S. 1 enters the
peninsula by crossing the San Sebastian River southwest of the
Monument, and runs northward along the western shore. About one
mile before reaching the north city limit, it is joined from the
west by Florida 16, which is actually a feeder from 1-95, five miles
west of St. Augustine. About one-half mile from the city limit,
U. S. 1 is joined from the southeast by San Marco Avenue.
Florida A1A, the other roadway, runs on Anastasia Island from the
south. It enters St. Augustine peninsula from the east over the
Bridge of Lions, turns northward, and reaches the Monument's
southern boundary. Between the bridge and the boundary, A1A is known
also as Avenida Menendez. Entering the Monument, the 4-lane highway
becomes Castillo Drive also, follows the southern and western boundary
lines, and leaving the Monument runs outside a part of the western
Just outside the northwest point of the Monument's boundary, off a
privately-owned commercial chain visitor attraction, Castillo Drive
branches westward to U.S. 1, 3/lOs of a mile away. Florida A1A, picking
up the name San Marco Avenue, continues northward eight-tenths mile,
turns eastward to proceed over Vilano Beach Bridge, and then turns
northward. San Marco Avenue continues another mile to its junction
with U. S. 1.
East of the St. Augustine peninsula, that part of the Matanzas River
extending from the shore line of St. Augustine's historic quarter to
St. Augustine Inlet is known locally as Matanzas Bay. The inlet,
connecting the bay and the Atlantic Ocean, is a man-made World War
II cut. South of the bay end of the inlet, north Anastasia Island
is indented from north to south by a body of water called Salt Run,
three miles long and a dead-end. The land between Salt Run and the
Atlantic Ocean is called Conch Island.
North of St. Augustine Inlet is Vilano Point, where the Tolomato
(North) River's mouth is located. The Tolomato affords water
passage northward to the St. Johns River. From St. Augustine Inlet,
the Matanzas River, actually an arm of the sea, extends sixteen miles
southward to the Atlantic Ocean again through Matanzas Inlet, forming
Anastasia Island. Both the Tolomato and Matanzas Rivers are the local
segment of the Intracoastal Waterway.
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument contains twenty acres of
contiguous land. However, Florida A1A separates a small triangular
parking lot, another small piece of land, and the City Gate pillars
from the bulk of the Monument.
On the south and west, the Monument is bounded, from the south to
the northwest, by Avenida Menendez, Cuna Street, Charlotte Street,
a tavern, a private residence, a gift shop, a restaurant's rear
parking lot, another gift shop, Fort Lane, a moped rental lot, a
privately-owned visitor attraction, Orange Street, and Florida A1A.
Outside this southern and western boundary line, a restaurant, a
visitor attraction belonging to the Historic St. Augustine Preservation
Board (an agency of the State of Florida), and a city visitor
information center are located across Cuna Street, Charlotte Street,
and Florida A1A, respectively. Inside the south boundary line,
adjoining Cuna Street, there is a triangular "bus" parking lot
separated from the bulk of the Monument by Florida AIA, but it is
not used by buses because of the hazard in entering to and exiting
On the north, the Monument's boundary adjoins, from west to east,
a privately-owned commercial chain visitor attraction, its parking
lot, a private residence, Water Street, and another private
residence. A fence separates the Monument from its neighbors.
On the east, the Monument is bounded by the Matanzas River. A
sea wall "fences" the Monument from the river.
Between the south front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, there is a
138-car main parking lot and a bicycle rack for visitor use. A
walkway leads from the parking lot to a concrete apron just outside
the ravelin drawbridge of the Castillo. To the south of the draw-
bridge there is a temporary booth for collecting the admission fee.
Along the sea wall, another walkway parallels the entrance walkway.
On top of the glacis, parallel to the entrance walkway, a small paved
area with benches offords a place of rest to the visitors.
Between the west front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, there stands
on the grounds a concrete reproduction of part of a Spanish earth-
On the north grounds, a pedestrian walk from the City Gate and another
one from the water battery cross over to Water Street. On the north-
west corner of the Monument stands the administration building and its
parking lot. Inside the north boundary line, there is an exit road
from the administration building to Water Street. A chain gate at
inner end of the parking lot and a log gate at Water Street close the
exit road when required.
Dominant vegetative cover
Despite its urban character, the St. Augustine peninsula is dotted
with slash and longleaf pine, oak, cedar, elm, and hackberry trees,
and the sabal and Washingtonia palms. The tidal marshes grow grass.
For soil over, St. Augustine and rye grass are used mainly. And of
course, there are the ornamental shrubs and plants commonly used in
landscaping, such as yucca aloifolia, oleander, crepe myrtle, etc.
Within the Monument, the entrance sign site, the triangular "bus"
parking lot, the strip separating Florida A1A and the main parking
lot, and the City Gate site are landscaped with one or more of the
following: day lilies, oleander, crepe myrtle, Southern wax myrtle,
yaupon holly, Canary Islands date palms, sabal palms, shore junipers,
coontie palms, Carolina laurel cherry, Japanese privet, Eastern red
cedar, live oak, agave americana, and bigblue lily turf.
Adjoining the covered way wall on three sides of the Castillo and
in the water battery, there are planted a hackberry tree and several
cedar trees and sabal palms.
Between the west front of the Castillo and Florida A1A, along the
exit road to Water Street, and along the northern boundary line,
a hackberry tree, cedar trees, and sabal and Washingtonia palms are
found on the grounds. Both sides of the pedestrian walk between the
City Gate and Water Street are bordered with Florida elms. Around
the administration building and its parking lot and on the grounds
just south of it, there are cedar and oak trees, and sabal and
This park-like appearance evolved-slowly after the fortification
outlived its defense role. The belief was that the historic
structure should properly have an attractive setting.
Location and nature of historic resources within and adjacent to
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, located on latitude
290 53' 50" and longitude 810 18' 43", consists of the Castillo
itself, the U. S. water battery, and the City Gate pillars. These
historic structures are on the SERO List of Classified Structures
as No. 1, 2, and 3 respectively.
The Castillo is located mid-way between the north and south
boundaries on the shore line of the Matanzas River. The Castillo
is a coquina stone structure built by the Spanish in 1672-95,
remodeled in 1738-40, 1752-56, and 1762. It replaced the last of
nine wooden forts which had existed in succession since the found-
ing of St. Augustine in 1565. The town's fortification strength-
ened Spanish dominion over Florida, protected the route of Spanish
shipping along the east coast of Florida, and (after 1670) limited
British southward expansion. The Castillo became British in 1763,
Spanish again in 1784, and finally American in 1821.
The U. S. water battery is actually an 1842-44 modification of the
east front of the Castillo. The modification consisted of filling-
in the moat on that side, the strengthening of the sea wall, and
construction of barbette-type gun emplacements and the hot shot
furnace. It integrated the Castillo into the 19th Century U. S.
seacoast defense system.
The City Gate provided the only opening in the earthwork which,
from the Castillo westward to the San Sebastian River, girded the
colonial north city limit. The City Gate pillars, located about
550 feet due west of the Castillo, were erected in 1808 in connection
with a reconstruction of the earthwork that year. The pillars are
separated from the bulk of the Monument by Florida A1A.
There are several historic sites within the Monument. The ninth
wooden fort (1654?-75) lay just south of the Castillo, probably on
the south glacis and the main parking lot. The English in 1702
had siege trenches "within a pistol shot" of the southwest and
northwest bastions. In 1737 a Costa Indian village lay about
550 feet northwestward of the point of the northwest bastion,
approximately in the area of the administration building. An
earth and log "covered way" was planned in 1737 on the north and
northwest grounds of the Castillo and was later built. The
foundations of the King's Smithy (1793-1821) lie partly under the
east end of the triangular "bus" parking lot and partly under
Florida A1A. The remnants of an 1808 Spanish earthwork line lie
under the part of that earthwork reconstructed on the west grounds.
Current use of historic resources within the park.--The his-
toric structures making up the Monument are used mainly as centers
for historical interpretation. The Castillo itself serves as its own
visitor center, providing museum exhibits, interpretive markers, audio
stations, conducted tours, and living history demonstrations, and
housing the artifacts collection and colonial artillery pieces.
The water battery is the repository of U. S. artillery pieces.
The City Gate is provided with an audio station and interpretive
markers. The Castillo is used also for maintenance and artifact
The grounds are sometimes used for staging special events and
provide the public with a place for passive recreation.
III. LAND CLASSIFICATION
All lands within the boundaries of Castillo de San Marcos
National Monument are in a historic zone, which is the
St. Augustine Town Plan Historic District, a National
The administrative site, parking areas and adjacent roads
are classified as developmental zub-zones. These areas
are identified as such in order to accommodate the
demands of the visitor and management for parking,
administrative office space, maintenance, and right-of-
way access for Florida AlA (U.S. Business #1) and
SI F ORT GREEi
f ----c--- CITY GATEm7
i~----- CC2,- -~-~--------- --.
~on~AL MowENU ENT
Ds ENCW~SED BY i
F ..(. k FREDERICA
/NAi IOAL MONUMENT
' FOfrT AROLINE
.- NATIONAL MEMORIAL
ja c) ;so.In" ville
.\ \CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS
A ...~ "IOiAL MONUMENT
t atg. ustrie
\ ,...... 'RT ,MATANZAS
', NA Ti ONAL MONUMENT
^U \ \4
i rn pa
0 0 25 50 miles
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS
Un*tid Sates Departnent of the Interior / National Park Service
G E O
1r 6 -1iAUGULIS'TNE.!, S \ *\
2... P-1 ..,
Vv. ..... 1 / -. .
"* I' ... i ,
0 1 mile
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS
United States Department of the Interior / National Park Service DSC AUG 77
CITY-RECEPTION CENTER., r
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE CASTILLO DE
HISTORIC CUBO LINE
ROSARIO LINE i I \
%'- I "-a-I .' I
,, o U ^ *Nx
S_ BRI GE OF LIONS
S1 \" > T
0 J ISLAND
\\ \- -"
COLONIAL \\ \ s-
ST AUGUSTINE i
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS
NATIONAL MONUMENT ST. AUGUSTINE
e S e 'ln f- PrHIS OmfliqAL SOCIET'V
United States Department of the Interior / National Park Servicei
17 C MAR77
IV. INFLUENCES ON MANAGEMENT
A. Legislative and Administrative Constraints
1. Act of Congress, July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317) allows the
park to acquire lands left within park boundaries by the
road relocation of 1965.
2. Public utility companies, the City, and the State together,
hold 9 permits of a recurring nature which authorize rights-
of-way for electric, gas, water, and sewer lines, most of
which lie underground. The Superintendent must protect the
Park Service's interests in permitting the use of park land
while maintaining effective relationships with the permittees.
3. The St. Johns County School Board has capital improvements
representing over a million dollars in replacement value on
land that is part of the original Castillo reservation. This
land was deeded to the Board with the stipulation that whenever
the property ceased to be used for educational purposes, it
would immediately revert back to being the property of the
U. S. Government. The improvements (school buildings) are
on a portion of the historic Cubo Line site, part of which
has been reconstructed by the National Park Service. There
is still some pressure for the Park Service to reconstruct
that portion on which some of the School Board improvements
The Cubo Line (named for the cube-like redoubt at
its western terminus) was built in 1808 on the site of
earlier earthworks. This line reached from the Castillo
de San Marcos on Matanzas Bay to the San Sebastian River,
a half mile distant, thus barring the land approach to
St. Augustine. Needle-sharp Spanish Bayonet (yucca gloriosa)
at the foot of the wall helped to make it a formidable
barrier. The present sement of the wall is a reproduction
that was built in 1964 that extends from the Fort's west
glacis to the City Gate, broken by the 4-lane highway
U. S. Business 1 and State A1A.
4. Although the Park Service has exclusive jurisdiction over
all law enforcement matters within the Monument boundaries,
the St. Augustine Police Department works closely with the
park staff on some law enforcement matters, especially
traffic control on Highway A1A. Since the Monument has a
limited number of law enforcement personnel, it is vital
that the Superintendent cultivate and perpetuate a spirit
of cooperation between the two agencies.
5. Highway A1A, owned by the State of Florida, traverses the
western boundary of the Monument. Most of the right-
of-way is presently owned by the Park Service with the
remainder having been acquired by the State through several
special use permits and agreements. According to--Memorandum
of Agreement dated July 29, 1958 between the National Park
Service, Florida Department of Transportation, St.
Augustine City Commission and the St. Johns County
Commission--, those portions presently owned by the
State will eventually be transferred to the Park
6. Future developmental planning should encompass
those elements that can be practically accommodated
allowing accessibility of facilities to handicapped
visitors. Planners should be guided by the
implications of the Architectural Barriers Act
and the Rehabilitation Act, however, extreme care
should be taken not to jeopardize the historical
fabric and other values of this 306-year-old
structure and its historic environs.
. .1. .. ..
1. The City Cormmission of St. Augustine, an elected municipal
body, governs thr city which surrounds the Monument. Since
the historic Castillo, City Gate, and Cubo Line are immediately
adjacent to the heart of the city, the Park Service shares with
the city an extremely heavy vehicle and pedestrian traffic
problem. The Superintendent administers written and verbal
special use agreements with the city on such matters as
street location, law enforcement, utility location, and
lighting. A number of streets vital to the city traffic:
pattern and Master Plan are on Monument property. City
actions and developments outside the Monument sometimes affect
Monument operations. Since such decisions are often determined
by local politics, the Superintendent must work closely which
city officials and influential citizens to insure that Park
Service interests are considered in such planning.
Adjacent to the Monument is the St. Augustine Historic District,
designated as a national historic landmark to commemorate the town
plan. Actually the Monument's northern boundary and part of the
western boundary constitute part of the District's northern bound-
ary. The District comprises the town area enclosed at one time
by earthwork lines on the north, west, and south city limits.
However, the District has been enlarged by the inclusion of the
former Ponce de Le6n and Alcazar Hotels, architectural landmarks
of the American gilded age, erected outside the west city limit.
The St. Augustine Historic District contains' 40 colonial structures.
All of them are houses except the Castillo, City Gate, Cathedral
of St. Augustine, Government House, Public Market, Trinity Episcopal
Church, Public Library, St. Francis Barracks, and the King's Bakery.
Within the District, 24 buildings border St. George and Cuna Streets,
west and southwest respectively from the Monument. They have been
restored or reconstructed with public or private funds by the
Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board since 1959. Another five
buildings are located on Charlotte, Treasury, King, and Aviles Streets.
The structures represent historic types of St. Augustine architecture,
and are adapted for use as residences, museums, and colonial crafts shops.
Four of the 29 buildings are included in the number mentioned in the
Also within the District is the St. Augustine Historical Society
complex, about one-half mile south of the Preservation Board area.
The complex consists of the Gonzflez-Alvarez (Oldest) and Llambias -
Houses, both designated as national historic landmarks, the historic
Tovar House, the modern Webb Memorial Building, the Dunham Memorial
Library, and the De la Rosa, Corbett, and Garrido Houses. The latter
four are reconstructions based on historic types of St. Augustine
architecture. A museum of St. Augustine social history mainly is
house in the Webb and Tovar structures. The Society's library makes -
available locally books, maps, photographs, and artifacts related
to St. Augustine history, and reproductions of materials on the
subject kept in repositories away from the city.
Outside the District's western boundary, between the City Gate
and the city visitor information center, is the Public Burying Ground.
To the southwest are the Spanish Tolomato Cemetery and Flagler Memorial
Presbyterian Church (1889-90).
Outside the District's southern boundary, less than one-half mile
away, is the site of the Spanish Powder Magazine (1797-1800).
Outside the District's eastern boundary, on north Anastasia Island,
lie the quarry sites, designated as a national historic landmark.
The quarries provided the coquina stone for building the Castillo and
public and private buildings. There is also the site of a British
battery during the 1740 siege.
Other historic sites connected with the Castillo history, lying
within a 40-mile radius, are listed in the Castillo de San Marcos
Base Historical Maps.
2. The Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board is a scate
agency charged with preserving and restoring St. Augustine's
colonial houses. This agency was established in 1959 (originally
known as the St. Augustine Historical Restoration and Preservation
Commission) and is now active in a reconstructed complex
immediately adjacent to the'Castillo. Although the Park Service
and the Preservation Board have similar basic missions, the
Board shows some differences in its interpretive emphasis
because of political and commercial considerations. The
Superintendent must maintain a close working relationship with
the Preservation Board while being careful not to get the
Park Service involved in conflicts between the Board and othe4
3. The public relations program for the Castillo de San Marcos
National Monument is very complex. In addition to the
legitimate historical attractions in St. Augustine, several
non-historical attractions beckon to the visitor in the nation's
oldest city. There is still some local opinion that the Castillo
should be available for commercial exploitation by local groups.
The park's public relations program must continually seek local
support for National Park Service policies and procedures.
Since the park is surrounded by several different governing
bodies, it is necessary to maintain close working relationships
4. The Superintendent frequently receives important individuals
and groups, most of whom wish to tour the Castillo. These
include individuals from all walks of life, including members
of the press, radio, and TV media and many foreign dignitaries.
The people of Spain, of course, hold a strong interest in the
Castillo, and visits by high ranking citizens from that country
are common. Frequent contacts are maintained with many federal
and state representatives on relevant matters.
5. St. Augustine, unlike southern Florida, has not had
a high frequency of hurricanes. Only one (Dora) has occurred
with any appreciable effect in the last ten years. The
hurricane season extends from May through October, with
greater probability of a hurricane striking during
September and October. Although the Castillo has survived
305 "hurricane seasons", the problem of flooding and of
high winds eroding the coquina walls during these storms,
remain without any immediate answers.
1. Visit duration co the Cascillo is about 40 minutes. Optimum
visitor uas capacity haI buen estimated at 400 persons for
each 40-minute period of the day or about 4,800 visitors in
8 hours. However, during the summer season, peak visitation
occurs between tiLr hours of 11:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., totaling
at least 600-700 persons per hour, Total daily visitation
frequently exceeds 4,300 with a record 7,772 people visiting
the park on December 28, 1975. When the optimum capacity is
exceeded, congestion and undue noise result plus accelerated
damage to the historic fort fabric.
2. A concessioner uses one room of the Castillo to sell high
quality souvenirs relating to the Castillo and St. Augustine,
films, pictures, books, and other publications. This facility
enables the park to have a dependable outlet for Service
publications and other theme-related material that is
essential to the interpretive program.
3. Heavy visitor iipact increases the need to find modern
preservation and maintenance products which will not impair the
appearance of the fort while still maintaining structural
integrity. Although the fort structure was engineered to
withstand bombard.mnt from military weapons of the time, ever
increasing visitors create a completely different maintenance
problem that must be solved.
4. The primary theme of the area is the Spanish influence and
presence in the New World, therefore, all interpretation,
reconstruction, and other associated park activities are
greatly influenced by the lack of data found primarily in
Spanish language manuscripts.
5. With an average monthly visitation of well over 60,000
people at Castillo de San Marcos, long-term uniformed
seasonal employees are required to handle the many
visitors during the so-called "off season". Difficulty
is experienced in hiring and training people for these
long-term seasonal positions due to personnel regulations.
Permanent employees are of insufficient numbers to
service the ever increasing visitation.
6. The Castillo, covered way walls, moat walls, portionsof
the seawall and the City Gate pillars are composed of a
shellstone, locally quarried, called coquina. Historically
it was bonded with an oyster shell lime mortar and faced
with plaster that has since weathered away except for
very sparse areas. At best, coquina is a soft stone with
some portions being more resistant to the elements than
others. It has a definite grain. When it weathers, the
outer layer turns grey and hardens.
Park maintenance staff observations indicate that when
dried to an undetermined degree the coquina crumbles. It
does not weather evenly but does so with the grain. The
joints weather better than the stone creating a concave
surface between them. In some places, due to heavy wear,
the stone will come apart in chunks, separating with the
grain. When water is applied to newly cut stone, it is
By not knowing all the physical characteristics and
limits to this material, the park maintenance staff and
historic architects are handicapped at planning for the
optimum preservation of the historic fabric of the
Heavy visitation, 780,595 in calendar year 1976,
causes wear on those surfaces within reach of the visitors.
Winds, along with other environmental elements, have
eroded the fort's fabric. Because the Spanish did not
provide for expansion, cracks in the walls and gundecks
allow water to course through the coquina and this
causes accelerated deterioration of the Castillo.
7. Archeological investigations on park lands and nearby
park lands have resulted in 4,500 artifacts being deposited
in the park's collection. This collection is presently
being temporarily stored in Casemate No. 7 which is
totally inadequate for this purpose due to environmental
reasons. Because of future archeological investigations
in the program, along with those artifacts being processed
from excavations at Fort Matanzas, an extension to the
administration building to house and preserve these artifacts
is being programmed. Artifacts in the collection include
but are not limited to: pre-Columbian Indian, first period
Spanish, British, second period Spanish, pre-Civil War,American
War Department period and modern.
8. The Castillo has been collecting a fee for adminission since
July 1, 1935, however, placement of this intrusive function
on the historical scene has been a problem for management
ever since. The present temporary wooden structure adjacent
to the outer drawbridge, detracts from the fort's historical
impact nor is it architecturally in keeping with the Spanish
military theme of the surrounding area. Park management's
attempts at moving the fee collection function to the
parking lot have been unsuccessful so far.
9. The need of the visitor for pre-arrival information and
preparation continues. The Castillo does not have a
Visitor Center and the visitor arriving direct from his
parked automobile to the fort is spatially disoriented.
Pre-arrival information devices and/or services are needed.
10. Due to the special nature of the 306-year-old structure and
its environs, there exists certain inherent hazards that
present problems to the park visitor. Interpretive and
developmental planners must take into consideration these
elements to allow for a safe visit, however, extreme care
should be taken so as to not jeopardize the historical fabric
and other related values of the Castillo.
V. MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES
1. General Management
a. To program and plan for the reduction of conflicts between
fee collection facilities and activities, and the visitors'
appreciation of the historical architectural values of the
Castillo de San Marcos.
b. To improve the level of information and orientation of the
arriving visitors so as to reduce p aent disorientation due
to inadequate devices and services.
c. To preserve and protect more than 4,500 artifacts,now in
temporary storage,from adverse climatic conditions presently
existing within the Castillo.
d. To promote consistent, effective enforcement of State and
Federal laws in the park.
e. To secure adequate information to provide a basis for
determining the appropriate future the Service plans
for the Cubo Line extension area in the event the School
Board properties are transferred to the National Park
f. To acquire those lands remaining non-federal resulting from
the 1965 road relocation intended for, but not yet transferred
to, the Service.
To maintain a close working relationship with those
historical associations, societies and organizations that
have legitimate goals in preserving and interpreting the
historical values of the City of St. Augustine in order
that the Service will be able to continue and further the
support for the Service's policies and procedures in the
preservation and interpretation of the Castillo.
g. To cooperate with local and state governmental entities,
community and civic organizations to maintain the scenic and
historic setting of the park which serves to heighten
visitor perception and enjoyment of the Castillo's
predominance in the historic setting that is St. Augustine.
2. Resource Management
a. To secure an adequate representation of documents and objects
that are essential to the public understanding and appreciation
of the Castillo in concert with the park's museum acquisition
b. To restore, reconstruct or provide a basis for determining
the appropriate future treatment of historic structures in
accordance with Service policies, in order to promote
public understanding and appreciation of the significance of
the Castillo in the early Anglo-Spanish history of the
c. To minimize to the greatest extent practicable, the adverse
effects of weathering and visitor wear on the Castillo's
3. Visitor Use
a. To foster public awareness of the importance of the Castillo
de San Marcos in the early Spanish settlement of Florida, its
role as a major fortification along shipping routes from Spain's
New World Colonies, and its significance in delaying the
advent of English supremacy in the Southeast.
b. To promote increased understanding of the relationship of
man and the environment, both during the historically
significant period of the Castillo, and in today's world.
c. To ensure the availability of orientation, information, including
publications, and interpretation for Spanish-speaking, handi-
capped, and special interest groups.
d. To control visitor use as necessary for the preservation of
the resources, for the protection of the visitor, and to
insure that the quality of the visitors' experiences will
not suffer because of congestion.
(II: TORIC AREAS ON CERTAIN MILITARY RESERVATIONS DECLAI, NATION ,
'32 the present of ti'c '(UI4cb itateo of mierica '
W"JTIfIE ^,AS, there aro various military reservtiLions utuidlr tih control of lio
SSocretary of War which comprise arieis of historic and scientific interest;
AND WIIII IAS, by section 2 of theo A(b of Congress approved Juno 8, 1)06
(34 Stat. 225) the Prcsidentlt is authorized "in his ldisclrtion, to declreo 1by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other
objects of historic or scientific interest that aro situated upon the lands owned or
controlled by the Goverunent of the Linited Slates to bo national monuments, and
may reserve as a part thereof parcels of lind, tho limits,of which in all cases shall
be confined to the smallest area compatible with tho proper caro and manago-
ment of the objects to be protected";
Now Tlnlri'voR.n, I, Calvin Coolidge, President of the United States of
America, under authority of the said Act oi' Congres.s do hereby declare and pro-
claim tlie hIoroinaftler designed areas wit h tio historic structures and objects
theretoo appertaining, and any other object or objects specifically designated,
within the following military rIseorvations to be national monuments:
F'ORT WOOD, NEW YO(Ki
T'ho site of tihe Statue of llberlty Enllighteining the World, the foundations
of which are built in the form of 1n eloven-pointed star and clearly dofino the area
comprising about two and ,n.o-half aci'i'rs.
CAS'TLI PTNCKNI-Y, (Charleston Hlarboi, Soliuth (Croina.
The entire reservation, coll)pri';iing thilree and ano-half acrlos situated on Shutos
... --. .r.- ..- r'.., ;,. ;r n uiu-i t i southern extremity of the
Act of June 29, 1936 (49 Stat. 2029)
SCalendar No. 2254
[Report No. 2143]
IN TIE SENATE OF TIE UNITED STATES
Arma. 24 (rcalenIar day, MAr 7), 1036
Read twice and referr to the CInmitteir on PuI'lic land, and SurveyS
MAv 12 (raah.-nlar lay, M.AV 29), 1936 .
Reported ,ly Mr. WA;.NEH. with an ansrndment
(Insert the part prfinted In Itallr
To aiuiihrize th'e adjustmcnlt of thec Ilhidllary of the Fort Marion
Nitiioinal 3 Mitiuent't. Floria.li. in the vicinity of 'ort Marion
(ircle, nid for otlher purposes.
1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-
2 ties of the United Stales of America in Congress assembled,
3 That the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to
4 adjust the boundary of the Fort Marion National Monument,
5 Florida, in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle, and for said
6 purpose is authorized to convey to adjacent property owners,
7 upon such terms and conditions as may be deemed satis-
8 factory to him, title to such portions of monument land as
9 he may determine to be no longer necessary for said mouu-
S 10 ment, or le may accept in consideration therefore title to
1 such portion of any adjacent property as he may deem
2 desirable to satisfactorily adjust the boundary of said onanu-
4 SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Interior be, and he
5 is hereby, authorized to accept donations of land, interests
6 in land or buildings, structures, and other property adjacent
7 to and within a distance of oie thousand five hundred feet
8 of the boundary of the Fort Marion National Monument
9 in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle and the Old City
10 Gatcs,-and donations of funds for the purchase and main-
11 tenance thereof, the title and evidence of title to lands ac-
12 quired to be satisfactory to the Secretary of the Interior:
13 Provided, That he may acquire on behalf of the United
14 States out of any donated funds, by purchase at prices
15 deemed by him reasonable or by condemnation under the
16 provisions of the Act of August 1, 1888, such tracts of land
17 adjacent to the boundary of the Fort Marion National
18 Monument in the vicinity of Fort Marion Circle and the
19 Old City Gates as may be deemed desirable by him for
20 addition to the monument.
21 SEC. 3. That any lands acquired on behalf of the
22 United States under the provisions of this Act shall be, and
23 the same are hereby, added to the Fort Marion National
1 Monument ami ishall be subject to Ihe laws, rules, and regula-
2 tions applicable to'said monument
Passed the House of Representatives May 4, 1936.
Attest: SOUTH TRIMBLE,
Act of June 5, 1942 (56 Stat. 312)
Caknar o. 1452
S -So A %3937j
[Report No. 1404]
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
OcTnrow 10, 141
Rea4l twice aiid rMferrCl to lhe Conmuitter on Public Lard and SurveJy
MAT 26, 104
Relportel by Mr. HAWT, without amendment
To ctlange the de l'siganl i> of thle Fort Marioon National Monu-
nlenit, in t.h SlIate ,f Florida. and for other purposefs.
1 Be it enacted lby eIl Snatlce and Hou.e of Represenla-
2 lives of the United Stales. of A merica iu Coi grec. aMe nCbled,
:1 That tlh' iarvii now within til Fort Mariont National Muniu-
4 mi'ut, in the Staite tf Flrilla, lshalll Ihereafter he known as
5 tihe "'Castillo tde Sia Mlrcos National MtoIunlcit", under
G which name the afore sid iiational iltnoniinlnt 'llall be entitled
7 to receive and to use all moneys heretofore or hereafter
Passed the House of Representatives October 15, 1941.
Attest: SOUTH TRIMBLE,
Act of July 5, 1960 (74 Stat. 317)
Calendar No. 1695
8GzrI CONionMss SENATE J rItoaT
rd Session No. 1638
ADDITION OF LANDS TO CASTIL) DE SAN A 8
JuNE 21, 10O0.-Ordered to bo printed
Mr. ANDERSON, from the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
Submitted the following
(To accompany I.IR. 8226)
The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, to whom was
referred the bill ([I.R. 8226) to add certain lands to Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument in the State of Florida, having considered
the same, report favorably thereon with amendments and recommend
that the bill, as amended, do pass.
The amendments are as follows:
At page 1, line 4, after the word "procure", strike all through the
word therefore at line 6 and insert in lieu thereof the following:
", in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section .
At page 2, beginning with line 1, strike all through line 23, page
6, and insert in lieu thereof the following:
DESCRIPTION FOR PARCEL A
Beginning at a corner of the present Castillo de San Marcos
National Monument boundary, said point also being the
northeast corner of block 1, city of St. Augustine, Florida;
thence running along the present boundary of the Castillo
de San Marcos National Monument as follows:
North 82 degrees 04 iftnutes west a distance of 35.46 feet;
Thence north 81 degrees 47 minutes west a distance of 60.17
Thence south 30 degrees 21 minutes west a distance of 16.36
Thence north 72 degrees 01 minutes west a distance of 4.77
Thence north 85 degrees 02 minutes west a distance of 97.52
49000 .**'. '. *..
2 ADDITION.TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA.
Thence north 1 degree 28 minutes west a distance of 4.09
Thence north 11 degrees 18 minutes west a distance of 39.02
STh'ence south 77 degrees 32 minutes west a distanceof 0.51
Thence north 10 degrees 50 minutes west a distance of 32.06
Thence north 7 degrees 30 minutes west a distance of 37.61
Thence south 88 degrees 54 minutes west a distance of 20.30
Thence south 73 degrees 52 minutes west a distance of 05.86
Thence north 2 degrees 21 minutes east a distance of 22.64
Thence north 4 degrees 30 minutes west a distance of 28.03
Thence north 81 degrees 08 minutes east a distance of 0.49
Thence north 7 degrees 10 minutes west a distance of 0.51
Thence north 65 degrees 12 minutes west a distance of 0,01
Thence south SO degrees 40 minutes west a distance of
71.39 fett to ia point in tie southerly right-of-way line of
the proposed Castillo Drive as delineated ot the survey map
by Emnictt William i'aeetti and Associates in three sheets
dated April 23, 1960, file innlimwred LD-54 anid revised June
2, 1960, said point being in tlie ire of i curve, concave to
the southeast and having a radius of 465.00 feet, the radius
of said curve bearing north 58 degrees 20 minutes 03 seconds
east from said point; thence leaving tih present national
monument boundary and running along tih southerly right-
of-way line of the proposed C(astillo Drive along lthe arc of
said curve through a central angle of 30 degrees 42 minutes
03 secom us, 210.16 feet to tli( end of said curve; thlnco
south 62 degrees 25 minutes east 110.59 feet nionir tlie
southerly right-of-way line of the proposed Caalillo Drive
to ia point in tlhe west line of block 1, city of St. Augustine,
Florida; thence leaving tlo si.tlherly right-of-way line of
the proposed ('Castillo bDrivu and ruinniig south i lt; dcgires
22 mninults west 81.72 feet nlonll the west line of block 1,
city of St. Augustine to the soulhuvwest corner o" said block 1;
thence south S3 derees 3S riiniitnes cast 192.00 feet long
the south line of said block 1 to a point in the westelrly rilght-
of-way line of Florida Stale load A-1-A: tliene' nuorlh
4 degrees 46 minutes west 140.23: feet. iloiig tih westerly
right-of-way line of V'lorida Stinto lhod A-1-A to a point
in the present ('Castillo do Sun Marcos Nationlll Monunentlt
boutindry; thence so lli 85 degrves 05 minutites west 8.57
feet along said national Inonumlenlt boundary to a stone
motnument; thence north 5 degrees 21 minutes west 34.00
feet along said national monument boundary to tihe point
of beginning and containing approximately 1.05 acres.
ADDITION TO CASTILLO DI SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 3
DESCRIPTION FOR PAlCEL D
Beginiiing at a corner of the present Castillo de San
Marcos National Monument, l(oundarv, said point also being
the northeast corner of block
Florida; thence south 78 derees 06 minutes west 72.!)5 ftct
along the present Castillo de Sani Marcos National Monu-
ment. boundary common to the north line of said block 6 to IL
point in the southerly rigl t-of-way line oflt lit proposed Cnst illo
Drive as delineated on the survey Inip by l'niiiI(it \ Willianl
Pacetti and Associates in three sheets dated April 23, 1900,
file numbered LD-5-1 and revised June 2, 1960i, said point
being in the are of a cIurvo concave to tho soulithwest and
having a radius of 612.00 foot; t ho radius of siid curvo
bearing south 54 degrees 30 minutes 11 seconds west from
said point; thence leaving th present national min)onunlent
boundary and running along the southerly right-of-way lino
of the proposed Castillo Drive along the arrc of said curvo
through a cent ral angle of 13 degrees 25 minutes 41 second
143.45 feet to tihe end of said curve; thence soultl 21 degrees 55
minutes cast 169.16 feet alion the southerly right-of-way
line of the proposed Castillo Drive to a point in the southerly
line of lot 20, block 7, city of St. Augustine, Florida, and tho
present Castillo de San Marcos National Monument bound-
ary; thence leaving the southerly right-of-way lino of the
proposed Castillo Drive and running along the present
boundary of the Castillo do San Marcos National Monument
North 82 degrees 20 minutes east a distance of 02.00 feet;
Thenco north 10 degrees 42 minutes west a distance of
Thenco north 33 degrees 22 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 70 degrees 26 minutes west a distance of
Thenco' south 83 degrees 06 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 75 degrees 11 minutes west a distance'of
Thence north 13 degrees 56 minutes west a distance of
,Thence south 80 degrees 29 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 17 degrees 13 minutes west a distance of
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a distance of
Thenco north 72 degrees 20 minutes east a distance of
Thence north 17 degrees 26 minutes west a distance of
Thence south 72 degrees 28 minutes west a distance oL,
4 ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA.
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a distance of
67.46 feet to the point of beginning and containing approxi-
mately 0.32 acres.
At the top 6f page 6, strike the designation "Area B" and insert in
lieu thereof the designation "Area C".
At page 6, after line 21, insert the following subsection:
(a) The Secretary shall, in procuring lands or interests
therein pursuant to the provisions of this section, acquire
such lands or interests therein pily by negotiations; except
that the lands or interests therein described as block 1, city
of St. Augustine, Florida, may be acquired by the Secretary
in such manner as he may deem to be in the public interest,
including procureniont with funds which may be appropriated
II.R. 8226, as amended by the Senate, authorizes the acquisition of
about 1.37 acres of land for the enlargement of the Castillo de Sau
Marcos National Monument in St. Augustine, Fla.
Castillo de San Marcos was established as a national monument in
1924. It was constructed by the Spanish during the years 1672-6l(
as the northern outpost of their Caribbean empire for defense against
the English and French, served as the center for raids into the Caro-
linas and Georgia between 1686 and 1742, was itself the target for
Indian and English raids during the same period, played an important
role in the War of Jenkins' Ear, and served as a military prison during
the 1800's. It is, in brief, one of the most important historic sites in
the southeastern part of the United States. It attracts tenl of thou-
sands of visitors from all parts of the country. Over 450,000 persons
visited it in 1950 alone.
The two tracts of land proposed to be acquired will enhance the
setting of Cn~tillo de Sun M1arcos and will provide parking for visitors,
make possible the relocation of an existing street, and permit the resto-
ration of the fort grounds. T'ho plans contemplated by I.R. S220
are in part the outgrowth of an agreement between tie National Park
Service, the Florida State Hoad Department, the city of St. Augustine.
and St. John's County for adjustment of street and highway travel
in the vicinity of the monument in order to correct a serious traflk
problem and unprove parking conditions for visitors.
The land to be acquired under II.R. S226 is unavoidably expensive
because of the built-up character of the property. Acquisition co'St
estimated at. s5iO,OO00, includes the puirchasp of property upon whicl
is located an outdated hotel and other building which will be denol
ished. Enactment of the bill at this timo, however, will avoid thi
even higher costs that would undoubtedly be incurred if there is delio
while property values continue to rise and further development occur's
ADDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MAICOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 5
The Departnment. of tlhe Interior has submitted a report recommend-
ing enaocLmen t of i.R.. 8226 wi iI clarifying amlen(ments. The a iiend-
mcnts wcro adolptd by tho House (Coiminitile on Interior and Insular
Affairs in a slightly different form than recommended. The Depart.
U.S. DrPAItTM;NT OF TIIF. IN'rIution,
OFFIck or Till SErCRETARY,
In'a.shington, D.C., March 8, 10O0.
lIon. WAYv'r. N. ASPrINAL,
Chairman, Commitree on I ntrinr and Insular Affairs,
House of lIepre.zentatives, Wtashintonn,., D.C.
DEAt Min. AS'.INALL: Your committee hns requested a report on
H.R. 8226, a bill to add certain lands to Castillo de San Marcoa
National Monument in the State of Florida.
We recommend that I his legislation be enacted and further suggest
several clarifying aumewndmnents.
H.R. 8226 provides for the addition of two parcels of land to the
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument. Parcel A, consisting
of approximately 2.45 acres, adjoins the present southwest boundary
of the monument and is required to provide offstreet parking for
visitors, to relocate an existing road and make possible the restora-
tion of the fort grounds. Parcel IB, consisting of about 0.31 acres,
contains a portion of the historic moat which is still in evidence. Its
acquisition would also afford protection to the historic city gato which
is a part of the monument.
On July 29, 1958, this Department entered into an agreement with
officials of the Florida State Road Department, the city of St. Augus-
tine, and St. Johns County, Fla., regarding certain difficulties con-
cerning this area. This agreement settled a problem that involved
a projected use for highway purposes of a portion of historic Castillo
do San Marcos National MIonument, the oldest standing military
structure in North America. The agreement made it possible for the
local government bodies in the area to proceed, without delay, with
the improvement of Fort Marion Circle from San Marco Avenuo to
Bay Street, a p)Irt of the city's bay-front improvement program. The
initial step in effectuating the agreement was the issuance of a permit
by which certain monument lands were permitted to be used for the
temporary location of the improved street.
Pursuant to the agreement, the nct step is the addition of certain
lands to the monument in order that the Department's plan for the
restoration of the fort grounds, the ultimate road"relocation, and tho
furnishing of the offstrcct parldng for monument visitors might
Enactment of II.R. 8226 would authorize the acquisition of sub-
stantiall, those lands contemplated by the agreement. In order to
avoid severances, ownership lines are followed. These lines were not
available when the agreement was executed. A small tract adjacent
to the seawall has been omitted since restoration in this area is being
accomplished by the city. Another tract in the vicinity of the city
gate is not included since it is contemplated that the routing of traflio
around the historic city gato will be provided by the city.
8900'*-0 S. Rept., 86-2, oL 4--09
G /DDITION TO CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUThM'TlT, FLA
While difering from the agreement in certain respects, the ne'uini.
tion of tho lands described in the bill will enable this Departmen, in
carry out its program to preserve the Castillo do San Marenos Nationli,
Monument and to provide ofstrcet parking facilities for omnumient
We recommend the following clarifying amendments to this bill:
(1) That line' 25 on page 2 be changed to read as follow:
"Charlotte Street 57.0 feet to a point;"
(2) Line 9 on pnge 3 to be changed to read as follows: "'.aal
now or formerly owned by Blancho L. Cerveau, being;"
(3) Line 13, pago 3, be changed to read as follows: "B1nliarh
L. Cerveau to point on the southerly property line;"
(4) Line 10, page 4, be changed to read us follows: "'l'i'rnce
northerly on a prolongation of said properly."
In order to assure that all phases of the agreement mentioned ht'rl.
Stoforo arc carried out, and that the integrity. of the Castillo is mint.
trained, we'feel that there should be no delay in the enacttniri. of this
It is estimated that the lands described in this legislation will cost
'lho Bureau of the Budget has advised us that "no connmitnment,
can be made, in view of the' present budgetary outlook, as to lle
timing of a recommendation for an appropriation for the stat ld pur-
poso of thoe ill." It, ias further advised us that there is no objectiou
to the submission of this report, to your committee.
Assistant Secretary of the laterior.
PURl'OSE OF SENATE AMENDMENT
A number of property owners in tlh area affected by the bill as
originally introduced and tho companion legislation introduced in
thle oSmia by Smnator Holland, S. 232S, have questioned the necessity
of takilin as'much land as initially proposed. At the request of
Senator iollndl tih National Park Service conducted a resurvcv
of teo desired properties. As a result, the National Park' Servicn
revised the lboundlarices in thl proposed addition in order that the
most urgent requirements of each property owner will be respected,;
ms far as is possible, without, substantially impairing tlie purpooso
of t11i proposed taking. ''lho Scinato amendment respecting land
descriptions carries out. the resurvey mentioned above.
'Testimony was received by the commillee from several landowners
in St. Augustine. In that certain hardship could result from tho
proposed hlnd acquisition program contemplated in the )bill, and as a
means of assuring that. such hardships will not, h1 brought, about
unnecessarily, thel commlliilttc opted the language in section 1(u)
to restrict the power of the National Pl'rk Service to acquire certain
properties through condeniationl proeodings.
Set forth holow is a letter from the Director of the Park Service
relating to this issuo.
ADDITION TO'CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NATIONAL MONUMENT, FLA. 7
U.S. Dk;PAItTMENT OF TIDI INTF.TEOn,
.. NATIONAL 1AAnK S)ElVIC",
ll, IintClun, D.6., June 7, 10GO.
lIon JosKri' C. O'M.AuoNl.:,
Chairman, PvAlic Lamnds Subcommiltce,
Conuitce on Interior and Insular Aifairs,
U.S. Senate, h'ashington, I).U'.
DEAR Sl.:NaTUo O'MAIION.;Y: This in in response to the request of
the Subcominittel on Public lands 1thit w supply ia slLtleent, in
connection with tihe I louse 1and Senate bills on ('nlstillo do San Marcos
National Monulment, for which hearings were held oln Jme 6.
The survey lb Einie.t W\illim n 'acetti & Assoviates, file No;
LD-54-1, revised June 2. 1960, nill submlit ted lit the heariurzs. depicts
a smaller area of acquisition than that contained in .I .. 8220 nuil S.
2328 us they were introdeiid. I'he, elcit, of the revised survey is to
limit taking to the ili'rn lying between I th exist ing noniument boundary
and the outside curb line of the proposed roid. 'Enclosed is a descrip.
tion of tho liind depicted on the surve in' question. Tlie descriptions
desiignatd on the einclosuirc is pnircels A iad B slhoilul be substituted
for tile description u ppIuriiig in the bills nilr A. '1'le d(lesc'ription of
area B, as contained in the lills, should be rlctained but. redesignated
area C. Ti'is particular land is i Itract lying west, of tile city gates
along Orange Street and is in public ownlclship. 'I'li controversy
whicl habs attached itself to the other land is not, involved witli
respect to this tract which continill L p)rt of thi old city m1ont.
The land described in the enclosurl andll depicted on tll revised
survey represents ai satisfactory revision of the proposed addition to
Castillo do Sun Mlarcos National Monrllnent, whlicll is acceptable.
If the piroposial is enacted, tlli National PIrk Service. will proceed
promptly to tiike tile necessary steps looking toward tli'e aicqisilion of
tho Bennett Hlotel property. Ireliniinary negotiations have alrcndy
In order to avoid hairdsill to tle present, owners of the land shown
on thel revised ]'uictti surveyt, otllhr lian thle 1elinnett llotel Iroperty,
sicl land will be acquired through voluintlry siles negotiated withll
tieso owners. Coihli'lination will not be ilinstituted aigIinst, I lte persons
now owning the property except if alienation of thle property by thliei
U inminent, or if they undertlako to so clnnge the existing use of or
developments on lthe 1land as will render the ulti1.na1le lcq(uisition by
tlie United States exorbitanttly costly or will seriously interfere witll
tile preservation and administration of Castillo do Snn Mancos Na-
tional Monulment. If, after negoitiing ia volunliry sale, title dilli-
t'llties relnain, we would resort to condlienatiol to clear litl. We
oierr this assurance to tile collinittec with tile thought that this stnte-
mient may be included ill tile committee's report, if the committee
sees fit to do so. We recommend that, in view of theso assurances,
the pending legislation be reported favorably, anlending only the
description to coi4orml to the revised survey by Emnuett Williaml Pa.
Cetti and Associates.
Based upon tho information available to us we estimate that tho
cost of acquiring tle lands under such an amended bill would be ap.
CONRAD L. WIRTH, Director
ADDITION OF CERTAIN LANDS TO
CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS NA-
TIONAL MONUMENT, I-LA.
Mr. SMATIIERS. Mr. President, I
move that the Senate proceed to the con-
sideration of Calcodar No. 1605, House
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill
will be stated by title for the information
of the Senate.
The ClrEt' CLERK. A bill (H.R. 822G)
to add certain lands to Castlllo de San
Marcos National Monument in the State
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The
question is on agreeing to the motion of
the Senator from Florida.
The motion was atirccd to; and the
Senate proceeded to consider the bill,
which had been reported from the Coin-
mittco on Interior and Insular Affairs
with amendments, on page 1, line 4, after
the word "procure", to strike out "in
such manner as he may deem to be In
the public interest, including procure-
ment with funds which may be appro-
priated therefore" and insert "In accord-
ance with the provisions of subsection
(b) of this section"; at the top of page 2,
to strike out:
Starting at a point In the seawall of Cas-
tlllo de San Marcoe National Monument.
which is the southeast corner of the present
Federal reservation; thence westerly 01.00
foot, more or less, along the existing bound-
ary of Castlllo do San Mnrcon National Mon-
ument to the interneotlon of said line with
the west rlght-of-way line of Day Street, the
point of beginning;
Thence southerly along the west right-of-
way line of Day ltrret 143.5 feet, more or
less, to the lntertcction of sald rlKht-of-way
line with the north right-of-way linc of Cunii
Street which Is the southenat corner of block
1; thence wenterly 104 0 feet, more or lea.,
along the north rlghtl-of-way line of Cuna
Ltrcut to the Intersection of said right-of-
way line with the eaw;terly right-uf-way line
of Charlotte Street, which in the southwout
corner of block 1:
Thence northerly along the east right-of-
way line of HerreaWay 25.0 feet. more or
less, to a point where said right-of-way line
sl Interscctod by a prolongation of the north-
erly right-of-way lino of Cuna Street;
Thence westerly ncroms Charlotto Street to
the northwest corner of Charlotte and Cuna
Btrcota which is the southeast corner of
Thence northerly along the west right-of-
ay line of Charlotte Street 67.0 feet to a'
Thence northwesterly 28.3 feot, more or
ss, to a point located 20 feet went from the
Wat right-of-way line of Charlotto Street
on the southerly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Mrs. J, 0. Windsor,
being lot. 13 and 14, block 7;
T hence westerly along the said southerly
property line of land now or formerly owned
by Mrs. J. 0. Windsor 140.0 foot, more or
less to a point on the enaterly property line
of land now or formerly owned by Dlanche
L. Corveau. being lot 10, block 7;
Thence northerly 80.5 foot, more or less.
along Rald easterly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Blanche L. Cerveau
to a point on the southerly property line of
land now or formerly owned by Mary Peck,
being lot 18, block 7;
Thence westerly along said southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned by
Mary Peck 125.5 feet. more or less, to the
easterly property line of land now or for-
merly, owned by Colonial St. Augustlne.
Inc., being lot 5, block 7;
Thence northerly along said property line
of laui(d now or formerly owned by Colonial
St. Augustine, Inc., 42.0 feet. more or less.
to the southerly property line of land now
or formerly owned by Frank Upchurch, bo-
ing lot 4, block 7:
Thence easterly along aaid southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned by
Frank- Upchurch, 50.0 feet, more or less, to
the westerly property line of land now or
formerly owned by Mary Peck:
Thence northerly along said property line
of land now or formerly owned by Mary
Peck and along said property line prolonged
140.0 feet, more or less, to a point on the
southerly property line of land now or form-
erly owned by F. Victor Rahner. fragment
of lot 1. block 7.
Thence westerly along said southerly prop-
erty line of land now or formerly owned
by F. Victor Rahner 40.0 feet, more or less.
to a point on the easterly property line
of land now or formerly owned by the R. L.
Parks estate. portion of lot I, block 7;
Thence northerly along said easterly prop-
erty lino of land now or formerly owned by
the R. L. Parks estate 05.0 feet, more or
less. to the intersection of said property line
with the southerly right-of-way line of
Port Alley which point is the northeast
corner of lot 1, block 7, and the northwest
corner of lot 21. block 7:
Thence northerly on a prolongation of said
property line 14.0 feet, more or less, to a
point on the north right-of-way line of
Thence westerly 5 0 feet. more or lesn, to
the point on said right of way line which
is the southwest corner of lot 6, block 6, and
the routhea.;t corner of lot 4. block 6;
Thence northerly 148.0 feet, more or less,
along the lot line which is common to lot
5, block 6. and lots 2 and 4, block 6, and
said line prolonged to a point on the south-
erly property line of land now or formerly
owned by the Gulf Oil Company:
Thence wenterly along the southerly line
of tsai land nw or formerly owned by the
Oulf Oil Company and Its prolongation to
a point 00 feet eastward of the easterly right-
of-way line of Saint Oeorge Street:
Thence northerly along a line parallel to
and 60 feet eastward of the said easterly
right-of-way liun of Saint George Street a
distance of 09.0 feet, more or less, to a point
in the present boundary of the Castillo de
San Maroos National Monument;
Thence easterly along the said present
boundary of te monument a distance of
10842 CONGRESSIONAL-SENATE June 23, 1960
107.011 feet to a >oirbllo coril'ri.Lolno, 1iIlg, Thnce leaiting tlhe nonitherly rlRht.of-way
tile n0orhiruil l ciornr of ild bLlokCik fl; t llieInc linel of the proposed Cintillo Drive Rnd run-
(onltlllnllint long thn mio ll p r.ent l. oulary lig soti .h 10 degrees 22 nlnultes weAt 61.72
of tile Castillo do fHin Mlircm National Mon- reft Rlong tle west lite of block i. city of
ument 1in a 1oneral enaterly anid south- t A ut to sou t orety of
oeaterly direction to the point of beginning. it t outhwet corner of
Oontalning In all about 2.45 acres of land. d blk
Sr TThenceo outh 83 degrees 3n minutes eist
At the top of page 0, to insert: 102.00 feet along tile south line of a;ld
DFESCnSrioN roR PARBCL A block 1 to a point In the westerly right-of-
Deginning at a corner of the present Cas- Waoy line of Florida State road A-i-A;
tillo do San Marcos National Monument Thence north 4 degrees 40 minutes west
boundary, said point also being the north- 140.23 feet along the westerly right-of-way
east corner of block 1, city of Saint Augue- line of Florida State road A-1-A to a point
tine, Florida; thence running along tile In the present Castllo do SBa Mauroo Na-
present boundary of the Castllo de San tonal Monument boundary;
Marcos Natlonal Monument as follows:
North 82 deg;rces 04 minutes west a dis-
tance of 35.40 feet;
Thenco north 81 degrees 47 minutes west
a distance of 00.17 ecet;
Thence south 30 degrees 21 minutes west 13989
a distance of 16.3t feet;
Thence north 72 degrees 01 minutes west
a distanco of 4.77 feet;
Tlhnco north 85 degrees 02 minutes west
a distance of 07.62 feet;
Thence north 1 degree 28 minutes west a
distance of 4.00 feet Thence south 85 degrees 05 minutes west
Thence north 11 degrees 18 minutes west 8.57 feet along said National Monument
a distance of 30,02 feet; boundary to a stone monument;
Thence south 77 degrees 32 minutes west Thelnce north 6 degree 21 minutes wert
a dintanco of 0.51 feet; 3400 feet along said Nntionnl Monument
Telicnco nol ti 10 ldeglroes 0 minutes wtet boundary to the point of beginning e ad Con*
a distance of 32.0 feet; training approxlnlately 1,05 neres,
Thence nortl 7 degroca 30 minutes went
a (dl.tance of 37.01 feet; rsCroN ro p
Thence south 18 degrees 64 minutes west Beglnning at a corner of the present Cals-
a distance of 20.30 feet; tillo de 8an Marcos Nmtlmilr Monument
Thence south 73 degrees 62 minutes west boundary, said point also belong the north-
a distance of 05,800 feet; east corner of block 6, city of Sa1nt Au-
Thence north 2 degrees 21 minutes east gustlne. Floridn;
a distance of 22.04 feet; Thence south 70 degrees O0 minutes west
Thenco north 4 degrees 30 minutes west 72.95 feet along tile present Castillo de San
a distance of 20.03 feet; Marcoe National Monument boundary mom-
Thence north 81 degrees 08 minutes east mon to the north line of said blc'itL 6 to a
a distance of 0.49 feet; point in the southerly rilhit-of-way line of
Thence north 7 degrees 10 minutes west the proposed Cnatillo Drive as delineated
a distance of 0.61 feet; on the survey map by inmmett William Pa-
Thence north 65 degrees 12 minutes west cetti and associates in three FJeects dated
a distance of 9.01 feet; April 23, 1900, file numbered LD-54 and re-
Thence south 80 degrees 40 minutes west vired June 2, 1000. mild point being In the
a distance of 71.30 feet to a point In the arc of a curve concave to the southwest and
southerly right-of-way line of the proposed having a radius of 612.00 feet: the radius
Castlllo Drive as delineated on the survey of said curve bearing south 64 degrees S0
map by Emmett Wllliam l'acettl and Asso- minutes 11 seconds west from said point;
plates In three sheets dated April 23, 1960, Thence leaving the present National Monu'
filo numbered LD-54 and revised June 2, ment boundary and running along the
1900, said point being In the arc of a curve, southerly right-of-way line of the proposed
concave to the southeast and having a radius Castillo Drive along the arc of snid curve
of 465.00 teet, the radius of said curve bear- through a central angle of 13 degrees 25
ing north 60 dcegrere 20 minutes 03 seconds minutes 41 seconds 143.45 feet to the end
eR:,t from said point: of said curve;
Thenco leaving the present National Mon- Thence south 21 degrees 55 minutes east
umlent boundary and running along the 169.16 feet along the southerly rlght-of-way
southerly right-of-way lino of the proposed line of the proposed Castlllo Drive to a
Castillo Drive along til are of said curve point In the southerly line of lot 20, block 7,
through a central iangle of 30 degrees 42 city of Saint Auutltine, Florlda, and the
mnluten 03 seconds, 240.10 feet to tile end present Catillo do Ban Marooa National
of said curve; Monument boundary:
Thence south 62 degrees 25 nlmnutcn east Thence leaving the southerly right-of-way
110.68 feet along the southerly right-of-Way line of the proposed Castillo Drive and run-
lino of the proposed Castillo Drive to a fing along the present.boundary of the Cal-
point in the west line of block 1, city of tillo de a8a Marcoo &Uatonal Monument as
Saint AuKustine, Florida; followed
CONGRESSIONAL-SENATE June 23, 1960 13989
North 82 degrees 20 minutes east a dis- land, constituting about an acre. That
tance of 62.90 fcct: course is thoroughly agreeable to the
Tece north 0 drees 42 minutes we Selntors from Florida. It will leave a
Thence north 33 degrees 22 minutes west mall tract to be acquired In the future,
a distance of 6.70 feet; unless It can be acquired by negotiation.
Thence north 70 degrees 20 minutes west Thcre is a third small tract included
distance of 0.21 feet; In the bill, which is already in public
Thence south 83 degrees 00 minutes west ownership, and which does not have to
Distance of 2.20 feet; be either paid for or considered as a part
Thenco north 75 degrees 11 minutes west of the added lands. It comprises a part
a d1;tanco of 30.48 feet; of to moat of the ancnt city of St
Thence north 13 degrees 60 minutes west A i tincot of the anletlt city of St.
"dLtanco of 152.00 feet; Auwusthle. his tract has already been
Thence south 80 degrees 29 minutes west acquired and deeded to the public.
Distance of 3.78 feet; The Senators from Florida are thor-
Thence north 17 degrees 13 minutes west oughly agreeable to the amendments
distance of 2.00 feet; proposed, and we ask that, the amend-
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west a ments be considered en bloc at this time,
distance of 20.07 feet; and promptly agreed to, for this reason:
ence north 72 degrees 20 minutes east The description is a very lengthy and
a dlstnnce or 2.81 feet:
Thence north 17 degrees 20 minutes west involved one, and will have to be checked
a dintanco of 11.61 fccl4e carefully by the House, as It was by us.
Thenco south 72 degrees 28 minutes west It is based on titles nearly 400 years old,
a distance o 2.9 fccet; and it is a metes-and-bounds descrip-
Thence north 17 degrees 32 minutes west tion. We hope that a conference may be
a distance of 67.40 feet to the point of be- avoided, but if It should become neces-
ginning and containing approximately 0.32 ary, we want to allow ample time for the
On page 11, line 12, to strike out conference to agree on the provisions of
"AREA B" and insert description for the bill.
PA anC d nsert description for Let me add, in closing, that the House
And, on page 12, atr line 9, to in- Members from Florida are in complete
sert: accord with the changes suggested by
the Senate committee.
(b) The Secretary shall. 111n procuring Mr. ALLOTT. Mr. President, will the
lands or interests therein pursuant to the Mr resent wl t
provisions of this section, acquire such lands Senator yield?
or interests therein only by ncgotlations; Mr. HOLLAND. I yield.
except that the lands or interests therein Mr. ALLOTT. We went into this
described as block i. city of banlt Augustine, question very thoroughly. I think the
Florida. may be ncquircd by the secretary in Senator from Florida has presented the
sUch mAmnne as he may deem to be in the
such mnner as he may deem to be in the facts. There is no reason why the bill
public interest, Including proreirement with should not be passed.
fundr which imay Ie approprlnted therefore. Tho PRESIDING OFFICER. The
S RESIIN OFTIR. The question is on agreelnrg to the commit-
The aPRESIDING O tFICERl. The tee amendments. Without objection.
question is on agreeing to the commit- the committee amendments are agreed
tee ameldncintss. to n bloc.
Mr. IlOLI.AND. Mr. l're.sldent. tls te l
Mr. Mr. dent, s he bill is open to further amendment.
Is a House bill, to add certain lands to If there be no further amendment to be
the Castillo de San MUaros National proposed, the question Is on the engross-
Monumeint, at St. Auaustlne, FZa. 'ihe meant of the amendments and the third
bill which passed tlic louse piovidcd for reading of the bill
the addllion of nearly 3 acres of land-I The amendments were ordered to b
leve t weas 2.7Ge wcres--to thpis romn- engrossed and the bill to be read a third
ment area. There were complainL% from
some of the property owners. At the re- tule.
quest of the Selnator.s Iron Florida n re- ) wa read th
survey wais iniie, which reduced tile Thobill ( 22) W read the
aerenle to be added to 1.37 acres, third time and yPas
''lie Senlat committee- conducted
lhariiins, and nigci-d to recommend tle
bill with all amendment which would
reduce the added area to 1.37 acres as
shown by the resurvey.
The second change which tle commit-
tee recommended was to withhold the
right of condemnation at this time from
the National Park Service, except as to
the principal and most needed tract of
I hits jI ( ,il l ( ii .m '.1
IA) S'FA'l+ ES I)I:'AWFMI -'N' OF FRIR,.
NA'rIONAI. PARK SERjVuCK
SPECIAL USE PERMIT
,as~ti-)J.o de, an Nqrcos', 'ational,:- 214,onieuuent
PREVIOUS PERMIT NO.
i i i I i l r ,
Florida Sbate RoadO;,D apartment, of, Tallass'. :FloridA'"": isr auth, d
during the period from June 16 1 ue 1 9 ,
to use'the following-desribed lahd in the'abov;e-named area:
16 '] , ' 1 11 1) i lI I t ; n ,' | ,, ( r ] I 11 '| ( (. t (-' i !r "I I ',,'
,Lands within ,the boundaries .of;, Castillo ,de San, ircos. National. 4onument;as 1shown...on
the plan prepared byi .the I Nationah Park: Service titled: "Adjusted -roadcalignent"
and numbered NT--Cki 1010-A. The plan is also,:desi'natedfl'Exhibit;,o0 'and dated
for the purpose of constructing and maintaining a public ,highway, being that part of;
Fort jfarion Circle .:connecting San',4arco Avenue ,north, 6of the ',old' City Gate, with :Bay
subject to the conditions on the reverse hereof and attached pages and to the payment to the Government of the United
States of the sum of Dollars ($ ),
in advance (IMonthlv, scyniannually, etc.) or as folloWS ___
The fee is waived because the perin.tt e is a state agency an he road is faor the use
of the public.
payment to be made to the Superintendent by Express or Postal Money Order, Certified Check, or Draft payable to
the Natioqal Park Service, or Cash.
Issued at.,.... Richmond, Virginia this 29th day of August. .'. 19 58
r I0 Cto. Superintendsnt,
6. a~ Drcty
The undersigned hereby accepts this permit subject to the terms, covenants, obligations, and reservations, expressed or implied, therein.
S TWO VIITNESSES TO SIGNfTURES PERMITTED (SIONATu I)
NAME iH i r NAME
S' ,. STAT JO1AD DEPARTMENT OF .FLORID;
; : NA M ,XBy : _.-- ... .
NAME NAt,'E Executlve Director,, .
AOODDSS ADDRESS .,
__r ATTEST: 41: 6 .
APPROVED: (If approval is required by higher outhrify)' Secret ary
NA/ /I /TITLE DATE
ign nam diaret as written nho i /of b lermintl; for c lparinrrship, plrriitlri should sign as memberss of firm"; for corporation, the officer authorized to execute
rnnirnrtS, etc., shoulilr sign, with title, the iiitirerncy of luch siginnltre liriiing ailtrIl Iy I-he Secretary, with corporate seal, in lieu of witnrir' .
48 (This copy for ilurmittee) It V I
of _- P' ar s
SPECIAL USE PERMIT CONTINUATION SHEET
AHLA PERMIT NO. PAGE NO.
Castillo de San N.rcos National monument _.
16. The permitted shall protect the scenic and aesthetic value of the right of way
and the adjacent land as far as possible consistent with the authorized use,
during construction, operation, and maintenance of the highway. The permitted
shall provide and maintain in a manner satisfactory to the Superintendent means
of access to the national monument for the use of visitors and for normal ad-
ministration and operation.
17. Pormittee agrees that it will hold the hUited States and/or its employees free
and harmless from any and all claims for injuries or damages to persons or
property arising either directly or indirectly from its use of the premises
and/or exercise of the privileges granted under this permit.
18. Permittee agrees that upon completion of road construction, and relocation, all
sections of the old Fort PIriion Circle will be obliterated, and the curbs removed.
All of the area on the national monument side of the new curb will be brought to
approved grade with good top soil and will be seeded and spot sodded with grass
in a manner prescribed by the Superintendent of the National Monument.
19. The permitted agrees to transplant or replace in kind all trees and shrubs which
are disturbed or in the way of the construction. This landscaping work shall
be carried out as prescribed by a planting plan which will be prepared by the
National Park Service and in a manne- satisfactory to the Superintendent of the
National Monument. The permitted agrees, under paragraphs 18 and 19, to maintain
new lawn areas and planted trees for one year after planting to assure an initial
survival, and will replant any areas or specimens which die within one year from
the date of approval of the work.
20. The permitted agrees to present the construction drawings to the National Park
Service for approval before advertising for bids.
21. This permit is automatically renewable fo* further periods of one year each for
a total term of not exceeding twenty (2) years in all from June 16, 1958.
U,. .. .. v 49 *nc ll-7- '.l'
---- -------- --I---- ---- ;;----;-r-
NATIONAL PARK 1:S;LVIClE
. ( ull. 1911i)I