Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Gallegos House
Title: At the Time Period of the Gallegos House
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095543/00006
 Material Information
Title: At the Time Period of the Gallegos House
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Gallegos House
Physical Description: Interpretive outline
Language: English
Physical Location:
Box: 8
Divider: Interpretive Plans
Folder: Gallegos House
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
48 King Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Government House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 48 King Street
Coordinates: 29.892465 x -81.313142
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095543
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text


AT THE TIME PERIOD OF THE GALLEGOS HOUSE:

Which Indian tribe was in this area? /

The large majority were Timucuan and were tied very closely with "S
the mission system near the city.

How much interaction was there between the Spaniard and the Indian?

A great deal, one of the primary goals of the Spanish was the con-
version of the Indians. They intermarried and there were many mestizo
families in St. Augustine at that time. --- / ,!

What items, if any, were traded? Spaniards gave ?
Indians gave ?

The Spanish provided a variety of European goods--clothing, tools,
weapons, utensils, food-- and the Indians soldai great deal of their pottery
for cooking use and probably provided some food items to the community.

The pottery presently in the house came from where? 200 years ago
it came from where?

The local Indians supplied cooking vessels from their San Marcos
tradition, Spaniards brought majolica, lead glazed ware and olive jars
from Mexico and Cuba and the English traded in the slipware and stoneware.

The furniture presently in the house came from where?

The chests were probably brought from overseas by their owner,
everything else would have been made locally.

Is there any particular reason for the paint colors used here? Why is
there a red border along the bottom?

White wash, a lime-water mixture, weu-ld-ha--e beeii-applied frequently
to the interior and the red stripe would have been an iron oxide paint, very
popular among the Spanish applied as a scuff zone near the floor.

Whate material was used as straw to stuff the beds? ,

Marsh grass, straw grass, leaves, perhaps scrap fabric. /,

Is this dugout old? or was it made specifically for the restoration area?
220 years ago it was acquired how? Did every family own one?

The dugout was made on the Big Cypress Swamp Reservation by
Seminole Indians in 1968 for the Board. Originally p-obablyboth Indians K
and Spaniards made boats and probably not every family owned one. -4







Any playthings for the children that lived here?


Yes, but "playthings" weren't exclusively for children. We have
excavated ceramic gaming pieces, lead buzzers and a domino. Dolls,
miniature boats, carved toys may also have existed.

What would have been used for towels, etc. ?

Worn out clothing--and always the apron worn by men as well as
women.

Was any attempt made to increase the productivity of the garden? Fertilizer
(what)? Several plantings?

We don't know much about gardening here, but they probably used
garbage and manure to fertilize and multiple plantings are likely.

Was a particular member of the family responsible for the daily fishing?

Usually the males but we have no information which would rule
out females participating.

Were there any "commercial" fishermen?

Yes, archaeologifaL evidence suggest a few were operating commercially
or selling a part of their catch.

Did any particular person have responsibility for the garden?

Probably the women tended the gardens and the men did the cultivation.

How much time did the soldier/father spend at the Fort? at home?

We don't really know what the duty at the fort entailed, but the soldiers
must have had some regular assignment in the fort.

What type of oil was burned in the little oil lamps?

Tallow mostly but any vegetable or animal oil could be used. Probably
nothing as expensive as olive oil however.

Did most housewives in ba4dy.Gallegos's time spin and weave their own fabric?
If so, where did the fiber come from to spin? If not, how did she acquire
fabric? What time period does the Arrivas House represent (spinning/weaving)
compared to the Gallegos house?

Women probably did not spend much time making their own thread or
fabric. Most of what they used was imported from abroad via the situado.
The Arrivas House weaving is a demonstration of the typical 18th-century
cottage craft and does not represent any local industry that we have discovered.


TGL/5-76




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