Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: VIC NR
Title: National Register of Historic Places Registration form: St. Augustine Civic Center (Visitor's Information Center)
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095519/00006
 Material Information
Title: National Register of Historic Places Registration form: St. Augustine Civic Center (Visitor's Information Center)
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: VIC NR
Physical Description: Application/form
Language: English
Publication Date: 2001
Physical Location:
Box: 8
Divider: VIC NR
Folder: VIC NR
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
10 Castillo Drive (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Visitor Information Center (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Saint Augustine Civic Center (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 10 Castillo Drive
Coordinates: 29.898676 x -81.314481
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095519
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text







St. Augustine, Florida


October 1, 2001 COPY
Ms. Barbara Mattick, Section Administrator
National Register Section
Division of Historical Resources
R. A. Gray Building
500 South Bronough Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-0250

RE: City of St. Augustine
Nomination to the National Register of Historic Places


Dear Ms. Mattick:

On behalf of the City of St. Augustine, I hereby submit a Nomination to the
National Register of Historic Places for the St. Augustine/St. Johns County Visitor's Information
Center.

Unless otherwise notified, I entrust this nomination will be reviewed for
consideration, and we will be notified as to the date of this review.

As always, please feel free to call if I can be of assistance. Thank you for this
great opportunity, and I look forward to hearing from you.

With best regards, I am,

Sincerely



as I. Sheffield
Administrative Analyst/
Grants Coordinator
jIS
Enclosures
xc: B. Adams, Director, Heritage Tourism
P. Weaver, Consultant


75 King Street, 32084 P.O. Box 210, 32085 Office 904/825-1005 FAX 904/825-1096


City Manager








United States Department of the Interior
National Park Service
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
REGISTRATION FORM


Adapted for the
PROPOSAL
of Properties in Florida for
Nomination to the National Register
of Historic Places


1. Name of Property


historic name St. Augustine Civic Center


other names


Visitor's Information Center S b'


2. Location

street & number 10 Castillo Drive N/A ] not for publication

city or town St Augustine N/A ] vicinity

state FLORIDA code FL county St. Johnsl code AziD code 32084
3. Owner Awareness Statement

As the owner, or official representative of the owner, of the property identified above, I am aware of this proposal
for its nomination for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. I have been advised of the procedures for
review of the proposal by the State Historic Preservation Office and the Florida National Register Review Board,
and for the formal nomination of the property at the discretion of the State Historic Preservation Officer. I
understand that I will be notified of the date and place of the public meeting at which the proposal will be
considered by the Florida National Register Review Board, and that I will be given an opportunity to submit written
comments and to appear in person in support of or opposition to the nomination of the property.

At this time I V support oppose reserve opinion on this proposal.


Siature of property owner or representative 'Dae


4. Legal Description of Property (according to county property appraiser's office)

San Marco Tract, Block 1 except the East 200 fee of the West 262 feet of the South 70 feet


Attach continuation sheet if necessary










ST. AUGUSTINE CIVIC CENTER ST. JOHNS COUNTY,
FLORIDA
Name of Property County and State


5. Classification
Ownership of Property
(Check as many boxes as apply)


Category of Property
(Check only one box)


Number of Resources within Property
(Do not include any previously listed resources in the count)


O private
0 public-local
o public-State
O public-Federal


0 buildings
O district
O site
O structure
0 object


Name of related multiple property listings
(Enter "N/A" if property is not part of a multiple property listing.)


N/A


Contributing


Noncontributing


1 buildings

sites

2 structures

objects
3 0 total


Number of contributing resources previously
listed in the National Register


0


6. Function or Use


Historic Functions
(Enter categories from instructions)


Current Functions
(Enter categories from instructions)


RECREATION AND CULTURE: auditorium


7. Description
Architectural Classification
(Enter categories from instructions)


RECREATION AND CULTURE: auditorium


Materials
(Enter categories from instructions)


Late 19"h and 20'h Century Revivals
Mission Revival


foundation CONCRETE
walls STONE, Coquina


roof CERAMIC TILE
other


Narrative Description
(Describe the historic and current condition of the property on one or more continuations sheets.)










7. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION


SUMMARY

The St. Augustine Civic Center is located at 10 Castillo Drive in
St. Augustine, St. Johns County, Florida.The building was
completed in 1935. It is a one-story coquina structure designed
in the Mission Style. It has a T-shaped ground plan, a continuous
poured concrete foundation, and a barrel tile hip roof with a
decorative parapet. The interior houses a reception area and
auditorium. In 1995 a well-integrated addition, which houses
handicap accessible restrooms, was added to the rear of the
historic structure.

SETTING

The St. Augustine Civic Center faces San Marco Avenue,
historically the main north-south thoroughfare in the City of St.
Augustine. The Civic Center is located in the San Marco Tract, an
area of land just north of the colonial city of St. Augustine.
The San Marco Tract is part of a section of St. Augustine known
as North City. The San Marco Tract, unlike most of North City was
never subdivided into residential lots. Its rough boundaries are
San Marco Avenue on the east, Ponce de Leon Boulevard or U.S. 1
on the west, the former colonial moat north of Orange Street on
the south, and Castillo Drive on the north.

During the colonial period, the area surrounding the Civic Center
was used for military defense, live stock grazing and light
agriculture. A portion of the tract just south of the Civic
Center was converted to a public cemetery in 1821, shortly after
Spain ceded Florida to the United States. The first substantial
development of the Tract occurred around 1883 when the five-
story, wood frame San Marco Hotel was constructed. The San Marco
Hotel burned in 1897, leaving the tract devoid of any substantial
structures.

Following construction of the San Marco Hotel, the setting of the
Civic Center has served recreational and tourist uses. During the
early twentieth century the tract was used as the St. Augustine
Golf Club. In 1928 the City of St. Augustine acquired the tract.
In conjunction with the construction of the Civic Center, the
City of St. Augustine developed an elaborate landscape plan for
the surrounding San Marco Tract. Although the plan, which
included a football stadium and large swimming pool, was never
fully executed, the city added a shuffleboard court, croquet
court, a miniature golf course, tennis courts and baseball
fields. Most landscape features have been removed and replaced by
parking but baseball fields remain in the western portion of the
tract.










The grounds of the Castillo de San Marcos National Monument are
opposite the Civic Center on the east side of San Marco Avenue.
To the north are heavily commercialized areas, consisting of
hotels, restaurants, retail outlets and gas stations. The Civic
Center itself is surrounded by parking lots on the west and a
trolley stop on the north. The Public Burying Ground or Huguenot
Cemetery remains to the south. On the north side of the Public
Burying Ground is a large coquina marker (Photo #1). A coquina
planter is located north of the building (Photo #2). Portions of
the original sidewalk remain. A formal, well-maintained landscape
plan surrounds the building. Landscape elements include plants,
hedges, palms and oaks (Photo #3).


EXTERIOR

The original portion of the St. Augustine Civic Center has a T-
shaped ground plan. It is constructed of coquina masonry load
bearing walls. The walls rest on a raised, continuous reinforced
concrete foundation. Floor joists and roof framing are all
constructed of wood. The main roof is a hip type with a raised
decorative parapet and open eaves. The roof intersects a
secondary hip roof which covers the rear of the building. The
original barrel tile roof surfacing remains. The roof is broken
by three exterior chimneys with elaborated finial caps on the
north, south and west elevations (Photos #4-15).

The main, east elevation fronts San Marco Avenue and contains
much of the ornamentation and Mission Revival stylistic features
of the building. The main entrance is accessed by a three-bay
full-width, raised concrete porch. A six-step concrete stairway
with flanking pedestals is located at the central bay and rises
to the porch floor level. The porch bays are formed by an arcade
consisting of two free-standing coquina Doric columns flanking
the stair and engaged coquina square columns at the exterior
sides of the arcade. Three round arches constructed of coquina
voussoirs rise from the column capitals. Above the arches is a
shaped coquina parapet with cast concrete coping and cornice
returns covered with barrel tile. The parapet plane is broken by
paired apertures and a centrally placed Spanish coat of arms
constructed of coquina and decorated with the symbols of the
kingdoms of Castille and Leon (Photos #4-6).

The main structural wall of the east elevation is constructed of
coursed squared rubble coquina in the St. Augustine colonial
tradition. It contains three openings which access the interior
of the building. The main exterior doors are Spanish style
tongue-in-groove planked types with wrought iron hardware and
grills covering small wickets. Interior doors are paired multi-
light French types (Photo #4).










The south elevation of the main block of the building consists of
four bays. The eastern most bay is an arched opening leading from
the main porch to a ramp. Proceeding west are the remaining three
bays defined by coquina buttresses. Within each bay are twenty-
light casement windows with fanlights above. Beyond the fourth
bay a wing projects at a right angle from the main block. The
east side of the wing contains an entry door surrounded by a
fanlight and sidelights. Paired six-light casement windows with a
fanlight above are located south of the entrance. The south
elevation of the wing contains additional fanlights of matching
design at each corner and a single and three paired six-over-six
light sash windows. All structural walls of the south elevation
are constructed of coursed squared rubble coquina (Photos #8-10).


The north elevation repeats the design, detailing and materials
of the south with only minor changes. The eastern most bay is an
arched opening but there is no ramp. Proceeding west are again
three bays defined by coquina buttresses. Within each bay are
twenty-light casement windows with fanlights above. Beyond the
fourth bay a wing projects at a right angle from the main block
and together with the south wing forms the T-shaped ground plan
of the building. The east side of the wing contains an entry door
surrounded by a fanlight and sidelights. Paired six-light
casement windows with a fanlight above are located south of the
entrance. The north elevation of the wing contains additional
fanlights of matching design at each corner but five single six-
over-six light sash windows. All structural walls of the north
elevation are constructed of coursed squared rubble coquina
(Photos #11-15).

The west elevation is the location of a contemporary addition
housing public restrooms and providing handicap access to the
main building. Although some of the original exterior wall has
been enclosed, virtually all historic features remain. A hyphen
is set-back from the main, north-south wall plane and connects
the historic portion of the building with the addition at the
center of the elevation. On the north and south sides of the
exposed portion of the elevation are paired, six-light casement
windows with fanlights above. On the interior of the hyphen are
six singly placed six-over-six light sash windows. The pattern of
coquina construction continues on this elevation (Photo #13-21).

INTERIOR

The interior consisted originally of four major spaces, all of
which remain. A large reception hall is located beyond the main
entrance. The hall is a voluminous space with three, exposed
heavy hewn timber beams, trusswork and rafters. Floors are long-
leaf pine and walls are finished in plaster (Photo #22-30).












The second major space is an auditorium. The auditorium contains
a stage with a thirty-six foot wide opening. The original floor
finish was also long-leaf pine and used for dancing. The wall
finishes are plaster. The wooden ceiling, consisting of three
additional heavy beams, continues from the reception hall into
the auditorium (Photo #31).

The final two major spaces, located north and south of the
auditorium, were men's and women's club rooms. The women's club
room was located in the north wing of the building and included
an open, coquina fire place, a card room, kitchenette and
lavatory. The men's club room was identical in design except for
the absence of a kitchenette. Both the men's and women's club
rooms connected with the auditorium near the stage. A loggia on
the east side of the north wing provided the women's lounge with
access to the exterior of the building (Photo #32-37)

ALTERATIONS

The former St. Augustine Civic Center is currently used as the
Visitor's Information Center. It is maintained in pristine
condition and is largely unaltered its original construction. The
main alteration has been a rear addition, constructed in 1995,
designed to bring the building into compliance with the
Americans's with Disabilities Act.

The rear addition contains a handicap access ramp and handicap
accessible restrooms. It is compatible and well-integrated with
the historic portion of the building. It is located on the west
(rear) or least conspicuous and least detailed elevation. It is
semi-detached and connected with the historic building through a
hyphen. The hyphen, set-back from the wall plane of the north and
south elevations, leaves exposed the original northwest and
southwest corners of the building. It has French doors,
sidelights and a tile roof which replicate historic features
found on the main building. It is connected to the main building
without destroying significant historic features. The addition
itself is subordinate in mass to the historic building, but
compatible through its coquina exterior walls, windows and barrel
tile roof (Photos #16-21).

The interior is also largely unaltered. The four major, historic
interior spaces remain. The reception hall contains fixed
exhibits and booths for attraction sales and ticket information.
The south club room has been converted to a historical exhibit
space, and the north club room contains a gift shop. Partition
walls have been added to the gift shop (Photos #27-37).
































ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

On the south side of the property adjacent the Huguenot Cemetery
is a coquina marker. On the north side is a planter which appears
to be part of the original construction.











ST. AUGUSTINE CIVIC CENTER
Name of Property


ST. JOHNS COUNTY, FLORIDA
County and State


8. Statement of significance
Applicable National Register Criteria
(Mark Y" in one or more boxes for the criteria qualifying the property
for National Register listing.)

0 A Property is associated with events that have made
a significant contribution broad patterns of our
history.

O B Property is associated with the lives of persons
significant in our past.

0 C Property embodies the distinctive characteristics
of a type, period, or method of construction of
represents the work of a master, or possesses
high artistic values, or represents a significant and
distinguishable entity whose components lack
individual distinction.

l D Property has yielded, or is likely to yield
information important in prehistory or history.


Areas of Significance
(Enter categories from instructions)


E Agriculture
0 Architecture
O Archaeology
O Community Planning
E Commerce
E Education
[ Early Settlement
E Health/Medicine

Period of Significance

1935-1951


O Industry
O Maritime History
O Military
0 Politics/Government
O Recreation
O Social History
O Transportation
Other:


Criteria Considerations
(Mark Y in all the boxes that apply.)


Property is:


Significant Dates
1935


O A owned by a religious institution or used for
religious purposes.

l B removed from its original location.

O C a birthplace or grave.

E D a cemetery.

E E a reconstructed building, object, or structure.

F F a commemorative property.

E G less than 50 years of age or achieved significance
within the past 50 years


Significant Person
N/A


Cultural Affiliation
N/A



Architect/Builder
Fred A. Henderich /Architect
Charles Leyvraz/Builder


Narrative Statement of Significance
(Explain the significance of the property on one or more continuation sheets.)
9. Major Bibliographical References
Bibliography
(Cite the books, articles, and other sources used in preparingthis form on one or more continuation sheets.)










8. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE


SUMMARY

The St. Augustine Civic Center, St. Augustine, Florida fulfills
criterion A and C for listing in the National Register of
Historic Places. Built in 1935 the Civic Center has significance
at the local level in the areas of politics/government and
architecture. It has historical significance under Criterion A
for its association with the Federal Emergency Relief
Administration (FERA), a New Deal Program which symbolized the
growing importance of government at the local, state, and federal
levels during the Depression Decade of the 1930s. It is further
significant under criterion C for its association with the work
of locally prominent architect Fred Henderich, its embodiment of
the Mission Revival style, and its construction of coquina, an
important building material. Its integrity is good and its
condition excellent

HISTORIC CONTEXT

The St. Augustine Civic Center is located just north of the
Colonial City in a land division known as the San Marco Tract.
The San Marco Tract was part of a clear cut, defense perimeter
north of the city that extended from the Cubo Line, the northern
boundary of the colonial city, to San Carlos Avenue. Its
boundaries are the moat beyond the Cubo Line on the south,
Castillo Drive on the north, San Marco Avenue on the east and
Ponce de Leon Avenue on the west.

San Marco tract is one of the few areas of the City of St.
Augustine never subdivided into residential or commercial lots.
During most of the colonial period it was part of royal lands
reserved for military defense and truck crops. During the latter
part of the First Spanish Period, from 1702 to 1763, the Spanish
crown developed a series of defense positions and fortifications
stretching north approximately two miles to the Free Black
settlement of Fort Mose. From 1763 to 1784 the British maintained
the Spanish defense system north of the colonial city.

During the latter years of the Second Spanish Period (1784-1821)
the tract was granted to Spanish subjects Jose Barrera and
Agustin Santano. The grants were part of the Mil y Quinientas
(fifteen hundred Spanish yards) that represented the effective
range of cannon fire from the Castillo de San Marcos. The Spanish
crown, however, restricted private use of the lands to
agricultural or pastoral purposes. The crown continued to
recognize its military importance and prohibited substantial
structures, trees or tall crops that could serve as cover for an
enemy advancing along the only land bridge to the city.1










A grant from Governor Jose Coppinger to Jose Barrera in 1817
formed the southern boundary of San Marco Tract. Barrera
transferred the grant to another Spanish subject, Lorenzo Capella
in 1819. In 1821, shortly after Spain ceded Florida to the United
States, an outbreak of yellow fever resulted in the death of many
local residents. There not being a Protestant Cemetery in the
city, the United States government expropriated a one-half acre
portion of the Capella property for such purposes. In 1828
Capella received clear title to the land from the United States
government including the one-half acre portion. Soon after,
Capella sold the entire grant to Presbyterian minister Thomas
Alexander. Alexander transferred the cemetery plot to the
Trustees of the local Presbyterian Church, who have maintained it
since as the Huguenot Cemetery. His wife, Angelina, sold the
remainder of the grant to the Revered F.Y. Vail in 1841.2

A grant from Govenor Enrique White to Agustin Santano in 1810
formed the northern portion of San Marco Tract. In 1820 Margarita
Pratt, Santano's widow, transferred the grant to Antonia Vila, in
1840, F.Y. Vail acquired the former Santano grant and unified it
with the Barrera Grant to the south the following year.3

In 1883 General Isaac Crofts acquired the two grants and
constructed the five-story San Marco Hotel, thus giving the tract
its name. It was from the San Marco Hotel that Henry Flagler
envisioned the conversion of St. Augustine into a Winter Newport,
a resort for wealthy tourists and seasonal visitors. Fire
destroyed the hotel in 1897. The St. Augustine Golf Club
subsequently converted the tract to a golf course.4

In 1922, local philanthropist Elizabeth Ketterlinus purchased the
tract. Mrs. Ketterlinus conveyed the tract to the City of St.
Augustine in 1928. The Civic Center was constructed in 1935. The
city has maintained the western portion of the tract for
recreational purposes since its purchase.5

Criterion A: Historical Significance

The St. Augustine Civic Center has historical significance for
its association with the Federal Emergency Relief Administration
(FERA), a New Deal program, initiated by President Franklin D.
Roosevelt. The New Deal symbolized the growing impact of
government at the local, state, and federal levels during the
Depression Decade of the 1930s. Congress passed legislation
establishing the FERA in May, 1933, making it the first New Deal
program of national relief. The FERA, administered initially by
key Roosevelt aid Harry Hopkins, provided large amounts of money
to state governments for public works projects and unemployment
relief. A key subdivision of the FERA was the Civil Works
Administration (CWA), which provided work 'relief projects for a













large number of men during the winter of 1933 and 1934. In 1935
Roosevelt issued an executive order abolishing the FERA and
replacing it with the better-known Work Projects Administration
(WPA). Harry Hopkins continued as administrator. The FERA AND WPA
produced a multitude of public works projects, including city
halls, court houses, schools, libraries and other public
buildings such as the St. Augustine Civic Center.6

The St. Augustine Civic Center was one of the first New Deal
relief projects completed in Florida. The Junior Chamber of St.
Augustine conceived the need for such a building in 1931, and
local architect Frederick Henderich drew plans. Unfortunately,
the city could not finance the project. In 1933 the city proposed
the project to the Public Works Administration (PWA), another
federal public works program, but its application was denied.7

In 1934, the city proposed the project to the state office of the
CWA, submitting complete plans, specifications and cost
estimates. The CWA approved the project in March, 1934. Together
with the city and county, the CWA financed construction. Local
suppliers provided building materials at cost.8

The City of St. Augustine dedicated the Civic Center on February
14, 1935, in an elaborate public ceremony attended by
approximately 1000 people. Senator W.A. MacWilliams, past
president of the Florida Senate and representative of Governor
Dave Sholtz, was the keynote speaker. The project received strong
local support, spearheaded by City Manager Eugene Masters and
mayors E.J. Wishhard, Sr. and Walter B. Fraser. Fraser was one
of the founder of the preservation movement in St. Augustine.
During the mid-1930s, he initiated a National Committee to
preserve what remained of the physical history of St. Augustine
and secured funding for the effort from the Carnegie Foundation.9

The Civic Center cost $68,000 to build and at the time of its
dedication was described as the finest building of its type in
the state. During its early years of operation the Civic Center
housed the local Tourist Club. The reception room, auditorium and
card room were used by the Tourist Club, other tourist groups,
conventioners, and a variety of local civic organizations. The
Tourist Club operated the building until the mid-1950s. The St.
Augustine-St. Johns County Chamber of Commerce subsequently
administered its operation. Beginning in 1983 the city leased the
building to a private operator. In 1992 it assumed direct
management of it.10










Criterion C: Architectural Significance


Architect: Frederick A. Henderich

A native of New York City, Frederick A. Henderich graduated from
Columbia University with a degree in architecture. In 1905
Henderich moved to St. Augustine where he became an architect for
the Florida East Coast Railway. He subsequently entered private
practice and was recognized for his local designs of Bungalow-
style residences. Hallmarks of his work include natural finish
wood shingles, palmetto tree porch posts, and coquina fireplaces
and chimneys. He designed many homes along south St. George
Street. Large scale examples of his residential designs are
located at 178 Avenida Menendez and 21 Water Street. His major
commercial work during this period was the Solla-Carcaba Cigar
Factory at Riberia Street. The cigar factory, completed in 1910,
was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1993.
11

During the 1920s, Henderich designed many buildings in Spanish
Revival styles. These included Flagler Hospital (now demolished),
the Plaza Bandstand, the Excelsior School, and much of the campus
of Florida Memorial School (demolished). Although conjectural,
his design of the La Leche Chapel in North City was an early
experiment in local restoration architecture. In 1925, at the
height of the Florida Land Boom, Henderich was elected president
of the state architectural association. In 1937, he cooperated
with John Walter Wood and M.F. Hasbrough in the design of the
Modern style and technologically innovative Marine Studios,
listed in the National Register in 1987. Henderich continued
working through the Depression Era of the 1930s. The St.
Augustine Civic Center was his principal individual work during
this period. Henderich had just completed a term as president of
the Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects when
he suffered a fatal heart attack in 1941.12

Material: Coquina

The St. Augustine Civic Center was one of the last major coquina
buildings constructed in the City of St. Augustine. Coquina is
Florida's most distinctive, indigenous building material. Found
along the northeast coast of Florida, it is a composite stone,
formed from large deposits of donax shells cemented together over
time by calcium carbonate. It differs widely in texture and
hardness.13

The Spanish began using limited amounts of coquina in St.
Augustine during the late sixteenth century. In 1671, they began
quarrying coquina on Anastasia Island for construction of the
Castillo de San Marcos, Florida's most significant landmark. Upon
completion of the initial phase of construction of the Castillo,










the Spanish made coquina available for private construction in
the city. Masonry construction became even more imperative after
English attackers torched the city in 1702.14

Coquina, used in many forms over the years, was typically cut
into blocks. Quarried blocks were used mainly in colonial times,
although several large coquina buildings were constructed during
the twentieth century. Because of its porousness, coquina admits
large amounts of moisture and therefore needed external
protection, normally a lime-based stucco.It was used in the
construction of sugar mills during the colonial and territorial
periods.15

All but one of the surviving colonial buildings in St. Augustine
were constructed of coquina. With the availability of other less
costly masonry materials, the use of coquina diminished after the
colonial period. Since the late nineteenth century it has been
used primarily for decorative purposes in areas along the east
coast of Florida. It was popular at the turn of the century for
porch bases and for many years for facing fireplaces. As its cost
rose the stone was recycled from demolished buildings. In the
late 1880s and 1890s coquina was used as aggregate in poured
concrete construction and in the early twentieth century as a
distinctive concrete block and shell dash finish to stucco
exteriors.16

Although popularly associated with St. Augutine, coquina can be
found elsewhere. Daytona Beach, Ormond Beach, and New Smyrna
Beach contain coquina ruins and serviceable buildings alike. Bok
Tower contains coquina facings in parts. The city of Rockledge
takes its name from the many outcroppings in the area. Coquina
was even shipped to Savannah during the late Second Spanish
Period for construction of the Owens-Thomas House, a national
historic landmark.17

The St. Augustine Civic Center was the last historic building in
St. Augustine constructed of structural coquina. Its exterior and
interior appearance reflected a changing aesthetic in the city.
One characteristic of coquina is its porousness. The Spanish
stuccoed it on the interior and exterior to seal it and prevent
moisture penetration. They then whitewashed or painted the
finished stucco in a variety of colors. With the deterioration of
many of the city's historic landmarks, most prominently the
Castillo de San Marcos, the color and stucco finish of these
structures was lost. Unfinished, ruinous coquina became
conspicuous and a sign of antiquity in the eyes of many
observers. By 1935, this appearance was widely accepted in the
community as historically accurate and appropriate. Thus the St.
Augustine Civic Center was constructed without the application of
stucco or paint to the exterior coquina surface.18


















Architectural Style: Mission Revival


As described in an article in the St. Augustine Record at the
time the building was dedicated, the St. Augustine Civic Center
was designed in the Mission Style. The Mission Style originated
in California during the 1880s and 1890s in response to increased
interest in the state's Spanish colonial heritage, particularly
the ecclesiastical architecture of the Franciscan missions. The
style was widely popularized when the Santa Fe and Southern
Pacific railroads applied it to railroad stations and hotels
throughout their systems. While authentic reproductions were
scarce, most Mission buildings incorporated such distinctive
elements of the style as a shaped parapet, quatrefoil window and
bell tower.19

The Mission style became popular in Florida during the Land Boom
of the 1920s. It is associated with a wide variety of buildings
in the state, including churches, train stations, government
buildings and private residences. Elements of the style,
particularly a shaped parapet and quatrefoil window, are found on
less formally designed buildings.20

St. Augustine had a strong tradition of Spanish Revival
architecture, inspired by its colonial building heritage.
Particularly important were the Spanish Renaissance and Spanish
Moorish designs of architects Carrere and Hastings and Franklin
Smith who worked in the city during the 1880s. The St. Augustine
Civic Center is one of the better examples of the Mission style
in Florida. Its main elevation features a shaped parapet with
coping, apertures, and a three-bay wide arcaded entrance porch
and arched doorways. Additional Mission features include
buttressed side walls, a red, barrel tile roof, rustic exterior
finish and interior truss work consisting of heavy, hand hewn
beams.











ENDNOTES


1. American State Papers; Public Lands, 5 Vols. (Washington: Duff
Green, 1834, V, 414; Works Project Administration, Spanish Land
Grants in Florida, 5 Vols. (Tallahassee, 1940), III, 179-181;
Florida Master Site File, 8SJ396.

2. Michael C. Scardeville, "The Public Burying Ground," (St.
Augustine, HSAPB, 1978), pp. 1-3; St. Johns County Courthouse,
Deed Recrods, Book H. p. 379; Book O, pp. 521, 528.

3. American State Papers, V. 414; Spanish Land Grants, III, 254;
Deed Records, Book H, p. 23; Book O, pp. 521, 548.

4. Deed Records, Book AAA, pp. 552, 554; Thomas Graham, The
Awakening of St. Augustine (St. Augustine, 1978), p. 166.

5. Deed Records, Book 47, p. 95; St. Augustine Historical Society
Miscellaneous File.

6. "The New Deal," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2001
http://encarta.msn.com 1997-2001 Microsoft, p. 5.

7. St. Augustine Record, February 13, 1935.

8. Ibid., February 13, 1935, February 14, 1936

9. Ibid., February 13,14, and 15, 1935.

10. Ibid.

11. William R. Adams, et al, Historic Sites and Buildings Survey
of St. Augustine (St. Augustine, 1980), pp. 136-137; Morton D.
Winsberg, Florida's History Through Its Places. (Tallahassee,
1995), p. 111.

12. Ibid.

13. Ibid, 153-155.

14. Ibid.

15. Ibid.

16. Ibid.

17. Ibid.


18. Ibid.

































19. Paul L. Weaver, Model Guidelines for Design Review,
(Tallahassee, 1995), p. 64.

20. Ibid.








ST. AUGUSTINE CIVIC CENTER
Name of Property


ST. JOHNS COUNTY, FLORIDA
County and State


10. Geographical Data

Acreage of Property LT1


UTM References
(Place additional references on a continuation sheet.)


Verbal Boundary Description
(Describe the boundaries of the property on a continuation sheet.)

Boundary Justification
(Explain why the boundaries were selected on a continuation sheet)

11. Form Prepared By


name/title PAUL L. WEAVER

organization CONSULTANT date 8/31/01

street & number 5 MILTON STREET telephone (904) 829-9032

city or town ST. AUGUSTINE state FL zip code 32084


Additional Documentation
Submit the following items with the completed form:
Continuation Sheets (All information on continuation sheets must be typed.)

Maps


A USGS map (7.5 or 15 minute series) Do not write upon or attach labels to this map.

A Sketch map for historic districts and properties having large acreage or numerous resources.

Photographs

Representative black and white photographs of the property.
(Do not write upon or attach permanent labels to the photographs.)

Additional items
(check with the area Historic Sites Specialist at [904] 487-2333 for any additional items)

Property Owner

name CITY OF ST. AUGUSTINE, C/O WILLIAM R. ADAMS


street & number P.O. BOX 210

city or town ST. AUGUSTINE


telephone (904) 825-5033

state FL zip code 32085-0210
















List of Photographs

1. St. Augustine Civic Center, 10 Castillo Drive, St. Augustine
2. St. Johns County, Florida
3. Paul Weaver
4. August, 2001
5. City of St. Augustine
6. Coquina marker
Facing South
7. Photo No. 1 of 37

Items 1-4 are the same for the rest of the photographs.

6. Coquina planter
Facing north
7. Photo No. 2 of 37

6. Contextual view,
Facing west
7. Photo No. 3 of 37


6. East (Main) Elevation,
Facing west
7. Photo No. 4 of 37


6. East (Main) Elevation, showing arcade, entrances, apertures
Facing west
7. Photo No. 5 of 37

6. East (Main) Elevation, showing coquina coat-of-arms
Facing west
7. Photo No. 6 of 37

6. East (Main) and North Elevations,
Facing west
7. Photo No. 7 of 37


South Elevation,
Facing northeast
Photo No. 8 of 37

South Elevation
Facing north
Photo No. 9 of 37

South Elevation, detail of south chimney
Facing northeast
Photo No. 10 of 37


6. North Elevation,
Facing west
7. Photo No. 11 of 37

6. North Elevation
Facing south
7. Photo No. 12 of 37

















North Elevation,
Facing southeast
Photo No. 13 of 37

West Elevation
Facing east
Photo No. 14 of 3'

West Elevation
Facing east
Photo No. 15 of 3

West Elevation, h
Facing north
Photo No. 16 of 3

West Elevation, a
Facing north
Photo No. 17 of 3

West Elevation, a
Facing south
Photo No. 18 of 3

West Elevation, o
Facing east
Photo No. 19 of 3

West Elevation, o
Facing east
Photo No. 20 of 3

West Elevation, o
Facing north
Photo No. 21 of 3

Detail of truss w
Facing east
Photo No. 22 of 3

Detail of truss w
Facing west
Photo No. 23 of 3

Detail of truss w
Facing north
Photo No. 24 of 3

Detail of truss w
Facing west
Photo No. 25 of 3

Detail of truss w
Facing south
Photo No. 26 of 3


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nal portion, lobby enclosure



nal portion, lobby enclosure



reception hall























6. Reception Hall, exhibit area
Facing south
7. Photo No. 27 of 37

6. Reception Hall, exhibit area
Facing south
7. Photo No. 28 of 37

6. Reception Hall, exhibit area
Facing north
7. Photo No. 29 of 37

6. Reception Hall, exhibit area
Facing west
7. Photo No. 30 of 37

6. Auditorium,
Facing east
7. Photo No. 31 of 37

6. Loggia
Facing North
7. Photo No. 32 of 37

6. Loggia
Facing south
7. Photo No. 33 of 37

6. Loggia
Facing north
7. Photo No. 34 of 37

6. Men's Club Room, now exhibit area
Facing west
7. Photo No. 35 of 37

6. Men's Club Room, now exhibit area
Facing west
7. Photo No. 36 of 37

6. Women's Club Room, new exhibit are
Facing north
7. Photo No. 37 of 37







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