(27th/28th September, 1955)
( 27th/28th September, 1955)
PROGRESS REPORT NO. I
11th November, 1955.
Orange Walk District
Damage to Crops
Damage to Government Buildings
Damage to Town Board Property
Damage to Churches and Schools
Damage to Private Property
Law & Order
Telephones & Wireless
Administration of I
Receipts of Food
Food Supplies 60-
Infant Welfare Clinic
Mobile Health Unit
Cost of Relief
Damage to Crops (JP/3) Appendix A
Damage to Forests Appendix B
Damage to Government Property
(JPA) Appendix C
Aided Self Help (Government
Administration of Villages Appendix E
Rationing Sdheme (JP/6) Appendix F
Relief Supplies (JP/2) Appendix C
Advance Account Appendix H
- nan fl win-
-PART I. PHE HURRICANE.
1. The first warning of Hurricane Janet was received on
the 22nd eptember 1955 from San Juan, Puerto Rico, when the
hurricane was some 350 miles E.S.E of Martinique.
At 7.19 a n.. on the 27th September, 1955 a warning was received
fro2 the Miami Weather Bureau. Reports were thereafter received
at rL.g.tla intervals and were broadcast by the British Honduras
Bro.:dcact ing Service..
2. At 5 p.m. on the 27th September the following message
was received and broadcast: ''Hurricane Janet has grown into a
tremendous storm during the past 24 hours. At 2200Z (4 p.m. B.H.
time) t-Le storm was 225 miles east of Belize and was moving
towards ;he west north west at 21 m.p.h. Highest winds were
estim:at-ed at 12; to 135 m.p.h. This movement will bring the
CG.rc o0:1 the coast of the mainland in the Chetumal Bay .area
during t ie latter half of tonight.4* (Estimated and Broadcast
by EXB:,S. at about 2 a.m. on 28th September). "Precautions
shcu.'d bz takca immediately in British Honduras particularly
in the ncrth portion . . against dangerous gales and
hurricane winds, abnormally high tides and seas and heavy rains
. Warnings were thereafter broadcast at half-hourly
3. A later r-port stated: "This movement will bring hurricane
winds to the coast in extreme northern British Honduras . .
in the next few ho*.rs.t
4. By 10 p.m. winds of hurricane force were blowing in
Corozal District End continued until about 1.30 a.m. on the 28th
SepLc,-ler when there was e. dead calm until about 2 a.m.
Hur:i'ane winds then blew again until about 4.30 a.m. when they
5. The centre of the hurricane had passed directly over
Corozal To-wn. T acre were no instruments in Corozal District
for n::asuring win- speeds, but it has been stated by an official
of the Chetumal airport that the anemometer at Chetumal broke
aftc recording 1. wind speed of 150 knots (i.e. 175 m.p.h.).
This -;ras the, fi~:cest hurricane in the history of the country
and was acoccpaaired by torrential downpours and flooding in large
parts of the Northern Districts. There was little flooding from
the sea czeept in Sartcneja where the water is reported to have
risen by eight f'et.
C ommun Ii c at ionsg
6. There is a single telephone line between Belize,
range Wall and Corozal and a C/W morse transmitter, worked by
the telephone terator and powered by a small generator. Various
amatcur radio stations operate.
7. Telephone communications with Corozal were broken
presumablyy by the blowing down of the telephone poles) at about
o@.30O p.m. on the 27th September.
8. At -about 9.30 a.m. on the 28th September a private
.tationn in 3.lize (Mr. E Maestre) received a report that 90% of
Corozal Tcem had been destroyed and that help was needed.
Th.i rercu:'t aad been sent by an amateur station in Corozal
I (Fa h:r2 Phli io Pick S'J.) and had been relayed by an amateur
station in Ni;ebraska.
HOPRIC ANE JANET.
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9, Before receiving this report, but in expectation
that serious damage might have been caused, the Acting
Governor sent the Development Commissioner and the
Sup-rintendent of Police by jcep to investigate the matter
and report. After receiving the report at 9.30 a.m., the
Acting Governor also flew over the area in a British Colonial
10. Mr. W Ford Young of the B.H. Gulf Oil Company
and Mr. I.G. Fadden of the Bolize Estate & Produce Company
Ltd. also flew over the area that morning and took a most
useful set of air photographs.
11. On his return to Stanley Field the Acting Governor
used the V.H.F. radio set which had been linked up to the
Fort George Hotel and gave the Comptroller of Customs his
orders for the cayes and coastal villages. He also ordered
orIe platoon of D.C'L.I. and one platoon B.H.V.G. to proceed
innaicdiately to Orange Walk and prepare to e vacate refugees
from Corozal there, if the medical and health situation so
demanded. As soon as he returned to Belize from the Airport
the Acting Governor confirmed the provisional directions he
had given earlier in the morning to the Medical Department
about the despatch of medical staff and supplies to Corozal.
12. The Development Commissioner and the Superintendent
of Police left Belize at 9.30 a.m. (not having by that time
heard, any report of the disaster) and arrived in Corozal at
5 pm. (96 miles; normal time for journey about 41 hours)
having been delayed by numerous fallen trees, telegraph
poles and telephone wire, especially for the last six miles.
Public Works Department road gangs were already clearing the
road, but Corozal would not have been reached before night if
it had not been for Mr. E. Maestre who cleared trees and
telegraph poles with a gang of twenty-men and a power wagon,
As it was, the last mile was undertaken on foot over a fallen
grove of coconut trees, in the middle of which the party met
a group of men from Corozal vho, under the District Member
(the Hon. Mr. L. Chin) were cutting their way out towards
Belize. The last mile was cleared by about 6.30 p.m.
13. The reconnaissance party was closely followed by
,a van of Red Cross supplies (Major J. Shute and Mr. S.D.
Thompson) and by the Member for Natural Resources (Hon. L.I.A.
Richardson), the Member for Public Utilities (Hon. Mr. H. Jex)
aid the Member for Social Services (Hon. Mr. P. S. Goldson).
The Menibers remained in Ccrozal for several days to help the
'District Commissioner with immediate emergency measures.
14. At about 6.30 p.m. the Development Commissioner
and the Superintendent of Police reported to the Acting
Gol'r.oal Secretary by Father Pickis transmitting set that Corozal
To-4 had been about 90% destroyed, that all crops (citrus,
sta;2 cane, corn, bananas etc.) were flat on the ground, that
fnol and medical help were badly needed (the hospital and the
kedical Officer's quarters having been destroyed). This
rc-ort was broadcast over B.H.B.S. at 7 p.m. and was delivered
to the Acting Colonial Secretary. They then returned to
Belize end submitted a written report to the Acting Governor,
with reco mendations for immediate action, at 5 a.m. on the
15. The Acting Governor broadcast a brief report over
tHE.B.5. at 7 o'clock on the evening of the 28th September,
abd at the end of his talk launched the local Appeal,
/P1 1" I-T.
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PART II THE DAMAGE
16. This hurricane destroyed a large proportion of the
houses and crops in Corozal and Orange Walk Districts (Population
about 15,500; area about 2 500 square miles) and also caused
serious damage in parts of Belize District and on the Cayes.
The damage was particularly severe in Corozal District and less
in Orange Walk. The total number of persons in distress is
about 20 000. In order that an appreciation may be obtained
of the effect of the hurricane on the lives of the people,
some economic data is given below.
17. This district covers an area of 718 sq. miles and
has a population of about 8 000 of whom about 2,500 live in
Corozal town and the remainder in villages and scattered farms.
18. This is predominantly an agricultural district
with sugar cane the main crop and corn, beans, coconuts, citrus,
bananas, pineapple fruits and vegetables being grown to a
lesser extent. Livestock and poultry are also raised in
moderate quantities. The majority of the rural population
subsist on corn, beans, pigs and poultry grown by themselves,
with their sugar cane, citrus, bananas and the bulk of their
vegetables being used as cash crops.
19. The District is administered by a District
Commissioner stationed in Corozal Town, which is the district
capital. This town had an 18 bed hospital, court and public
offices, police station and town hall custom house, sheds and
pier, and also three churches. It also had a market
slaughter house, fire trailer and electric lighting (220 D.C.).
20* Besides agriculture, small scale logging and chicle
beieding were carried out in the eastern sector of the district.
There were also a sugar factory, a tannic acid factory and six
rum distilleries operating in the district.
21. At the end of September the following crops had not
yet been harvested: sugar cane, corn, citrus. Beans had not
yet been planted. The chicle bleeding season was beginning.
orange Walk District.
22. This district has an area of 1 829 sq. miles and a
population of 7,367 of whom 2,000 live in range Walk Town.
There are also sixteen villages in the district and numerous
farms and lumber camps.
23. The two main industries are forestry (lumber and
chicle) and agriculture (corn, cattle hogs, rice and beans)-.
The majority of the people work at either chicle extraction or
lumbering during the season, and grow corn and beans the rest
of the year, The population subsist mainly on corn, beans,
hogs and poultry, and sell the surplus produce.
24- The district is administered from Orange Walk Town
by a District Commissioner. The Town has a nominated Town
Board, an 11 bed hospital, administration building, police
,station, cinema, government quarters market, slaughter house,
as well as two churches (Anglican and Roman batholic). The
Town has electric power and lighting (110 A.C,).
25. There are two sawmills in the District, but the
majority of mahogany and cedar is moved in logs to Belize by
river and sea. There are also two rum distilleries near
Orange Walk Town.
26. The crops about to be harvested at the end of
September were corn and rice. The mahogany logging season
had just ended and the chicle season was starting. Beans
would be planted in October/November. This District produces
more corn than any other District and is second in cattle and
Farmer's Calendar (Assuming rains at normal times).
Bean planting; fruit tree
nurseries by Agricultural
Cane harvest (the Corozal Sugar
Factory hopes to be operating
again by early February).
Pause between milpa clearing
and burning (in the dry) and
planting (just before the wet);
corn and rice planting.
Cane fertilising (not normally
undertaken but recommended in the
Agricultural Reconstruction Plan).
Fruit tree planting; weeding and
(NOTE: Not all farmers grow all these crops).
28. In spite of the enormous damage.done by this hurricane
Casualties were proportionately very small. There were only
16 fatal casualties.
Damage to Cropsg.
29,. Damage to agriculture is estimated at about B.H.
S, 631,000. Particulars are contained in a paper (JP/3)
abtished on the 24th October and reproduced as Appendix 'A'.
/Damage to Forests
Damage to Forests,
30. A note on damage to forests is contained in Appendix
'B3 In brief all small mahogany trees and about 1000 mature
mahogany trees t20% of total) in the Freshwater Creek Forest
Reserve have been blown down or damaged. Some of the mature
trees may be salvaged, but the effect of the destruction of the
young trees will be felt in future years. Some 3,000 Sapodille
trees (10% of total) in the Reserve have been destroyed and the
remainder may produce little chicle for two or three years.
The cost of the damage has not yet been estimated.
Damage to Government Property.
31. A note on damage to Government and Town Board
Property is contained in Appendix 'C', which was published as
$14 on the 28th October. Damage is estimated at $225,000,
Damage to Churches & Schools.
32. Seven schools were destroyed and seven damaged.
Some churches were destroyed or damaged. The cost has not yet
been estimated. Particulars are contained in Appendix 'C'.
Damage to Private ProoertyZ
33. The paper on Damage to Crops (Appendix A) includes
a sum of $197 000 for damage to the Corozal Sugar Factory and
loss of sugar, $10,000 for damage to distilleries, and $200,000
for farmers' houses.
No estimate of damage to private property in Corozal
Town has yet been made, but there were some 400 houses which,
at an average cost of 02,000, would total $800,000.
&urmary of Damage.
34, A summary of damage is therefore as follows
(a) Damage to Crops $2,631,000
(b) Damage to forests Unknown
(c) Damage to Government Property 225,000
(d) Damage to Churches and Schools Unknown
(e) Damage to Private property 800,000
PART II. RELIEF MEASURES.
35. The Acting Governor assumed personal control of relief
and reconstruction measures and on the 30th September, 1955
appointed the Development Commissioner to co-ordinate the plans.
36. On the 3rd October 1955 the Acting Governor declared
by Proclamation (S.I. No. 30/55) unAer the British Honduras
Constitution Ordinance (No. 13/54) that a public emergency
existed in the Corozal Orange Walk and Belize Administrative
iXstricts. It has not so far been necessary to make any order
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Aider this Proclamation, but two Orders (S.I. Nos. 32 and 33/55)
were made by the Governor in Council under the Clubs (Registration)
QOrdinance 1952 (No. 22) and the Liquor Licensing Ordinance
(Cap. 1263 restricting the hours of sale of liquor.
37. Government announced on the 20th October that
recovery could only be achieved by a joint effort by the
G6,vermLnnt and the people on a principle of aided self-help.
A iopy of the policy statement (JP/1) is attached as Appendix 'D'.
38. The District Commissioners remained in full charge
of their Districts but routed all communications through the
Development Commissioner. As far as possible the normal
machinery of Government was used for all relief and reconstruction
39. The Acting Governor visited the Northern Districts
very Monday, holding a conforonce of officers at Louisville and
than going on to Corozal Town; he held a confirmatory meeting
with the relevant Heads of Departments every Tuesday, obtained
policy decisions from the Executive Council on Wednesdays and
-then issued weekly operation orders.
if;cal Hurricane Janet Appeal Pund.
40. In his broadcast on the evening of the 28th September
the Acting Governor opened a campaign for relief funds. By
the 31st Octobo. B.H. 023,846 had been subscribed.
United Kingdom Hurricane Appeal.
41. A Fund for relief of all affected Caribbean
territories was also opened in the United Kingdom, By the
1,th October some 40,000 had been subscribed.
Assistance from Overseas.
42. The Secretary of State announced on the 29th October
that Her Majesty's Government had made an immediate grant of
B.H. 0+0,000 towards the cost of relief measures. The grant
v.Is to be taken into consideration in considering the country's
nded for assistance in full reconstruction when the cost of this
eould be assured.
43. The Government of Jamaica also made a grant of B.H.
0, 000 against which would be charged the cost of goods sent to
British Honduras. Various supplies of clothing public works
materials etc. (see Appendix G ) were immediately shipped by
the -Jamaica Government and the Jamaican Red Cross. This
ifivaluable and speedy aid was of very great help in meeting
the needs of distressed persons.
44, An American Navy Flying Boxcar arrived on the 30th
October with supplies of Army 'C' Rations which were subsequently
rdopped from the air in inaccessible villages in British
Honduras and Mexico.
45. The U.S.S. Antares arrived on the 2nd October 1955
tth various supplies (see particulars in Appendix G) which
verc o3 great assistance, The local Pilots Association waived
thb pilotage fee for this vessel.
/Law and Order.
.aw and Order.
46. A Police Sergeant and ten men were stationed in
'aCdtal Town; they were replaced and received kit replacements
en-the 29th September. The Police Station was damaged but
rdeived first aid repairs within a few days. The Assistant
Superintendent of Police (Mr. E.H. LaCroix) was sent to Corozal
tqg administer the Police and assist the District Commissioner.
S47. Two platoons of the Duke of Cornwall's Light
Iftantry were sent, on the instructions of the Acting Governor,
together with the Army Medical Officer .to Orange Walk Town
bn the 28th September and thence to Corozal Town on the 29th
Setitmber and assumed responsibility for security and the
prevention of looting in Corozal Town and at the Corozal Sugar
factory (where there were stocks of sugar and rum). They
handedd over to the British Honduras Volunteer Guard on 5th
tOetober and returned to Airport Camp.
48. A detachment of the British Honduras Volunteer
Guard was sent to Orange Walk on the 28th September and thence
8ato.orozal on the 29th September to help the Public Works
D6~p~rtment and the Health Department to build latrines construct
te`morary shelters and undertake rescue operations in buildings
*wher there might be casualties. They took over security
Ldfties from the D.C.LI. on the fth October.
49. Law and order were maintained throughout with full
o-op eration from the population.
tBeT hones and Wireless.
50. Although hundreds of telephone posts had been blown
d~fsdand the wire was broken in numerous places, the Telephone
tdigineor rigged up a temporary line and re-established
communications with Corozal on the 2nd October. Official calls
enly nere permitted until the 1st November when limited private
callss were permitted. The line to Chetumal is expected to be
reopened on the 1st November.
51. Daily transmissions were also arranged from the 30th
September by wireless, using Father Pick's set.
52. An offer of a visit by a "Pye" engineer with V.H.F.
-equipmcnt on loan was gratefully accepted. After several
*days of experimenting however, it was decided (as the cost of
even temporary installation was considerable and as the
emergency telephone line was working satisfactorily) not to
install the V.H.F. equipment but to await the visit and
eobnmendations of the G.P.O. expert who had been requested to
review all telephone requirements including the possible use of
53. Community listening sets were provided for Corozal
M ;n and Sartenoja. An enquiry is being conducted into
requirements in other villages.
54. The P-W.D. and Maestres power wagon cleared the
road sufficiently to enable trucks to reach Corozal by about
,30 p.m. on the 28th September. Forestry Department gangs
hean pulled aside additional troops and cleared blocks
rohd which deviations had had to be made. The P.W.D. repaired
&btions of the road (especially the seawall at Mile 95 and Pull
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Trousers Creek at Mile 71) where flooding had done extensive
damage. The road to Santa Elena (Mexican Frontier) was opened
by the 9th October but the ferry had capsized and sunk. It was
righted on the 28th October and will probably be reinstalled in
the first week of November. Feeder roads to villages were
opened, mainly by the Agricultural Department, within a few days,
but subsequently flooding due to heavy rains resulted in
difficulty in supplying some villages.
55. The streets in Corozal town which were covered with
debris were cleared by the P.W.D. with the help of a D7 caterpillar
56. Because of the congestion on the roads during the
first two days after the hurricane, the northern road was closed
to private traffic north of the Tower Hill Ferry, except under
permit, until the 19th October.
57. Because of the time taken to travel to and from
Corozal and the need for close liaison with Belize in relief and
rehabilitation measures, it was immediately decided to start
building the airstrip near Corozal Town. The need for this
airstrip had already been accepted before the hurricane and a
site had been chosen, but the hurricane accentuated the need.
58. Customs Department launches were used for conveying
supplies to the caycs and to the coastal villages of Corozal
District, for transporting casualties and for inspecting damage
59. Sufficient quantities of basic foodstuffs for
immediate needs were in British Honduras immediately after the
hurricane. The main difficulties foreseen were:-
(b) longer term supplies (nearly all food crops having been
destroyed in the two districts);
(c) cost of free supplies.
GMministration of Food Supplies.
60. The Marketing Officer was placed in charge of the
procurement locally and the reception from overseas of all food-
stuffs and of its distribution, according to the instructions
of the Development Commissioner, to food depots at Corozal Town,
Orange Walk Town and Louisville.
61. Local distribution was undertaken by truck, land rover,
air drop, launch and dorey to villages as follows:-
(i) Corozal Town Food Depot:
In charge of District Commissioner; responsible for
supplying Corozal Town and certain villages in Corozal
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District; also for coastal villages (from 3rd
October) as far as Sarteneja which will also supply
(ii) Louisville Food Depot:
In charge at present of Agricultural Chemist (Mr. D.H.
Romney), Responsible for certain villages in
Corozal District, to avoid congestion in Corozal Town.
(iii) Orange Walk Town:
In charge of District Commissioner; responsible
for Orange Walk District and Town and for Progresso.
(iv) Belize (Marketing Bo&rd):
In charge of Marketing Officer; main depot for supply
to sub-depots. Also responsible for supply by
Customs Department launches to Ambergris Caye (San
Pedro & Bacalar Chico) and (until 3rd October) to
coastal villages including Sarteneja. Some supplies
were also sent to the Mexican village of Xcalak which
the Chetumal Government had not yet been able to supply.
From the 1st to 4th October a United States "Flying
Box Car" dropped supplies on the more inaccessible
villages, including Mexican villages across the River
British Colonial Airlines also dropped supplies of
food and medicine on a number of villages in British
Honduras and Mexico and at the request of the Mexican
Government took supplies to Chetumal.
62. A List of villages supplied by the Corozal and
Louisville and Orange Walk Depots is attached (Appendix 'E').
63. The immediate problem was to avoid distress by hunger.
Food was therefore despatched immediately by truck, launch and
plano to food centres without any reliable information being
available regarding requirements or storage space. Once telephone
communications had been established, supplies were despatched only
on request by officers in charge of food depots (District
Conmmissioners or by the officer in charge Louisville).
64. Main centres -cro being supplied within 36 hours of
the hurricane, but it was in some cases three or four days before
adequate supplies reached the more inaccessible villages by road,
The Dritish Colonial Airlines did valuable work in dropping
supplies by air,
65. A food kitchen was established on the Plaza in Corozal
Tcim on 28th September and all food supplies in the town were
issued through it. It was later moved to the Coronation Park,
partly because communal houses were being built on the Plaza and
partly because the Coronation Park had a concrete surface which
was easier to clean.
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66. The kitchen was under the administration of the
Distri-t Connissioncr, with the advice of the Medical Department
67. Free food was supplied to all in Corozal and Orange
Walk Districts (and also to certain persons in Belize District),
including governmentt Officers, until the 31st October. It has
bcdn decided that Government staff posted to the Corozal District
for rtcst-hurricane and reconstruction work will cease to be
entitled to free food as from the 1st November.
68. A rationing scheme will be instituted early in
Novcnmbcr. A copy of the proposed plan is attached (Appendix 'E').
R.cc.i rts of Food.
69. Gifts of food have been received from numerous
organizations and individuals, as listed in Appendix 'B'.
70. It is expected that relief food supplies will be
required for some nozths to cone, since all local food crops in
the two districts have beon destroyed and some damage has also
bcen caused in Belize District and Cayo District.
73. It will be some years before tree crops, (which provide
acsh income) will be ro--31thl shod and it will be about a year
before another supply of corn can be grown.
72. Requests for relief foodstuffs under Public Law
480 are therefore being made to the United States Government.
Rcin r'coc Contrc.
73, The Militia Hall in Belize was opened on the 30th
cpt.. ,jT as a refugee centre for distressed persons from the
Nrtr:lc-n Districts and the Northern Cayes. It was administered
by L.i-,ut, Colonel H.P. Charnock Wilson on behalf of the Red Cross,
si~c.~ed by I;embers of the Red Cross and many voluntary workers.
A clinic was also opened and operated by the Red Cross.
71L. By the 25th October, 644 persons (217 men, 117 women,
2:3 AhilCron, 67 status not recorded) had passed through the
ermn'o. most of whom subsequently returned home or had found
acc:...oe-:otion with friends or relations in Belize. On the "lth
O: .bcr dih aidiinistraitjon of tl.o centre was hanried over to the
Social Developm'ent Offi(or, the number on the roll at that time
bol:. (8 ad-a adults .an 39 Ctila:OhIn). Since then 10 adults and
2 naildron h've returned nro--, but more have been cdd.I t-o the
ro!l which stood on 25th Octebor at 87 (31 mrn, 15 -woomen nd 41
cliildren) being fed. Only thrco persons are residing; at 'he
Cnt-re. .ny of the refougos rere from Sartoncja, San Po'.ro or
Caye Caulker anid Zcalak in Mexico, all of which had boon broadly hit.
The couiprj-cnt (linen etc.) purchased for the refugee Centre
vms taken over by the Medical Department.
75. A certain amount of clothing was blown away by the
wind or damaged by falling houses. Host houses and bush huts
had at least one mosquito not for the family. Although these
losois may not have been very gro-t, the need for additional
clothin,, blankets and mosquito nets was very real because of the
lack cf shelter. Many people had no shelter at all and
thc-orarily repaired houses were generally leaky and draughty and
no lio::or mosquito proof. A careful assessment of personal
roquilumcnts was made by the Rod Cross.
76. All clothing and blankets received as gifts or
pnrchaed, locally or from overseas was handed over to the Rod
Crov for storage and distribution to those in distress at the
RElt o Centre or in the Districts. A list of clothing received
is -I appendix 'G'. In order to avoid duplication of issue and
tJ ensure distribution only to distressed persons, it became
n.:'-ssary to nrle, after the first batches of regugees had been
clot-hcd, that distributions of clothing and blankets would take
place oaly in the districts andnot at tSh'Ro'fug&o Contre.
77. Government also decided to issue limited quantities
of mosquito nets free, and also mocassin boots at cost price to
78. About 90% of the houses in Corozal District including
Gorozal Town had been blown down by the hurricane. In Orange
Walk few buildings had been destroyed (see Appendix 'C' ), but
the majority of the thatch houses in the villages had been blomw
79. Village houses, which are mostly composed of palmetto
and bay leaves, plastered in some cases with marl, presented a
1essor problem than the wooden houses in the town. In most cases
thi hrc3es could be re-erected with the same materials. The
Ar. cultural Department sent a gang with tractors from village to
vOi.lle helping to re-erect houses. Quantities of tying wire
aid nails wore supplied free of cost by Government.
80. Thatch presented a difficulty because the bay leaves,
fron which h the roofs are made, were blown down for miles around.
ETh Frcostry Department with a gang of some 60 men, established
a c.rp a.t Rancho Creel; renamed Scratchvillo because of the
nosq3itocs) and collected b.y leaves which were transported to the
villages to help villL' crn to repair damaged roofs. One bush
hbous requires about 3,_00 bLy leaves for a roof; a truck can
carry about 1,C'00 lcaTes; the Forcstry team prorluced aiboit 10,000
'15;,000 loaves a cay. The qo~.r.tity is expoectcd Lt bWe -ifficiont
for re;piring and patcc.inug :ct craot of course scupJ.; '.i roofs
for all houses. Old roofs -.'~i can be re-eroctc, in.:. -,ill
pr6bab.ly be rator-tigtht. O.! thr.tch salvaged fron lba~17 'j.iCmaged
roofs can be used to nrke a n.w roof but does not bed t1.on v^ll,
so that some bush houses nay leak for some m:;iths to co J ntil
aflceuato supplies of leaves grow again in the districts.
81. This service will probably be discontinued by the
middle of November, by which time immediately accessible supplies
of by loaves will have been exhausted.
82. In Corozal Toirn, shelters 264' x 18' are being
ce'ntir'.-.ed on the pl.za. Each irill be divided into 22 1.ays, one
focr ;:eh _family, so that each slihaltr will house about 100 p.ersons.
BcIa.zato kitchens are being bwit. One shelter was ccnstructod
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on the spot, mainly from salvaged materials. The others are
being constructed in sections in Bolize and transported to
Ccruzal. Tents were also uso as public shelters. Certain
buildings were also repair,.,d .s public sholtors.
83. Dumps of salvagr..d n!?torial from Government Buildings
wore established from which private p-rso;:- co-rildl obtain supplies
for t.e building of temporary shclt::-~ ',hoe P.U.D. moved rubble
fromm private lots to a dump south of the town, whure it was burned.
84. Roofing material was supplied free of cost to
Government schools to enable temporary repairs to be affected so
that schools might re-open.
85. A P.W.D. team equipped with jacks helped people to
jack up houses that could be repaired. A drain was cut from the
Plaza to the sea.
86. A new pier was constructed by the Public Works
87. The Public Works Department undertook emergency repairs
to Government and Town Board buildings.
88. Permanent repairs are being made to the Customs
89. Tents (60 lbs.) received from Jamaica were used in
some cases for the temporary housing of Government Officers.
90. A 12 bay shelter for Government Officers will be
erected on the Rost House site.
91. The hospital, nurses quarters and doctor's house in
Corozal Town, together with all medical supplies -n: aourcnent,
had been destroyed.
92. The first relief supply of drugs an -r'i ;:. : arrived
about 6 p.m. on the 28th September in a van drive i b' a-71 jor J.
Sbute and Mr. S.D. Thompson.
93. The main medical relief party under th-.i .,'i' -.tor of
Medical Services arrived about 9:30 p.m. anl ass-. j cr .r'- --" of
*the dressing station which h-:id. boon opened in the CO. _:;'.1.J
Presbytory by Dr. Walters (N^icAzl Officer, Corozal) a.;, i:c
by Dr. Porez, Valuable nursin;r and first-aid assistan:co ; d
:so been rendered by the Rod Cross det-chenont under 1' ss S
Stromwoll. It was decided to begin evacuation of casualties
on t:bol 29th September, as no surgical treatment could be urdlcr-
taken in the existing conditions at Corozal.
94. Evacuation of seriously injured casualties (wiho
nYrbc:;ed 17) to Orange Walk began on the 29t't Scptoimbcr a- :d
co i.. -l'od until the 1st Octobor. This evact.l '-,c could '-,.ve
bor, .m: c.nleted oerlieor The sOrvices of a "-', ,arn.o Mls ism.i.'n
aoct.r L(Dr. Q.F. Howard) ucru o.vailablc at Cra:.-ae Ilk, I buI the
eaIu.alties after being staged at Orange Walk were subsequently
zll evacuated to Belize. During this evacuation no deaths
- 13 -
95. Commander Sweeney of the U.S. Naval Medical Service
visited' the hospital at Orange Walk on 1st October.
96. Meantime in Corozal the site of medical activity was
chzaged front the Presbytery to the Methodist School (which was
very kindly lent for this purpose by the Methodist authorities)
on 30th September, and has remained there. Plans have now been
completed for the construction of a temporary hospital near the
old hospital site.
97. During this period, i.e. the first ten days after the
hurricane, invaluable service was rendered in dealing with a
host of minor injuries and complaints by Lt. J. Frame, R.A.M.C.,
MO.. cdot. /D.C.L.I. The services of voluntary nursing staff in
addition to Red Cross personnel were also made available during
this period, and were most valuable..
98. A consignment of medical supplies from the Jamaica
Rdd Cross arrived by T.A.C.A. plane on the 31st October.
99. The U.S.S. "Antares" arrived on the 2nd October with
food and medical supplies.
100. On the llth October 39 000 doses of T.A.B. arrived
from the United States Government.
101. The Jamaica Government offered to re-equip the new
hospital, and some of this equipment has already arrived6
102. A list of medical supplies received is contained in
103. Three immediate considerations arose: (i) the prevention
of epidemic typhoid fever by inoculation of the population, (ii)
the curtailment of epidemic fly-borne disease by the construction
of public latrines over the sea and (iii) the protection of
existing water supplies.
104. Inoculation against Typhoid Fever was begun in
Sartc-eja on the 29th September and in Corozal on the 1st
October. Advantage was taken of the crowds accumulated for free
issues of food and clothing to inoculate them. In this way some
1,500 persons received their first inoculation on the 1st October.
By the 19th October, about 80% of the population had been
!05. As a general principle it was felt that the obvious
linm was to put public latrines over the sea, Three of these
have now been constructed.
106. The vats generally in Corozal withstood the hurricane so
itsit the water supply for the town was practically intact.
Vats were replenished by P.W.D. water tanks and then chlorinated
by the Medical Department.
S107. An insecticidal spray unit was landed from the U.S,.8
9Antaros" on the 3rd October and under the supervision of the
eHalth Department sprayed the towns of Corozal and Orange Walk
and all accessible villages in the two districts.
108. The-Infant Welfare Clinic was re-opened in Corozal on
13th October, 1955.
- 14 -
Mobile Hoalth Centre.
109. The mobile health unit toured all villages in the
Northern districts taking appropriate health measures with
particular regard to inoculation against typhoid.
110. Refuse was collected by the Corozal Town Board and
moved to a dump south of the town whore it was burned. Empty
colas drums were supplied for household refuse in Corozal Town.
Ill. There is no piped water in Corozal Town, water being
collected in vats from houses and public buildings, or from a
few wells. Some vats were overturned and damaged by the hurricane
but many remained, and the wells had not been fouled. The
obtaining of water, although awkward for residents, was not there*
fore irmodiately a dangerous problem. Three additional storage
vats (total capacity 2,000 gallons) were received on loan from
British Honduras Distributors Ltd. The P.W.D. water truck filled
selected vats daily from wells outside the town.
112. Future water supplies presented a serious problem
because of the absence of roofs, from which the water was caught.
It .w.s therefore decided to order immediately from Jamaica
sufficient pipinb to lay a line from a good well in Santa Rita
(about 1 mile away) to Corozal Town. Some of this equipment
arrived on the 24th October. Before the hurricane this well had
been examined by the Government Geologist and Medical Officer of
Health and found to be wholesome and adequate.
113. The M.O.H. was responsible for the cholorination of
water supplies to ensure its potability.
114. A drain is being constructed from the Plaza, which was
becoming water-logged, to the sea.
115. As a result of these measures, no epidemic or serious
outbreakk of infectious disease has sofar occurred, though initially
a rather higher than usual incidence of diarrhoea took place,
particularly among the very young and the elderly. This was
almost certainly fly-borne, and is now under control.
_116. Electric light was restored within one day in Orange
Walk and very shortly thereafter (on a limited basis) in Corozal
117. All expenditure on relief and rehabilitation measures
was charged to a special Hurricane Janet Advance Account and
(from 7th October, C.S.0. Circular No. 47/55) was classified
under the items specified in Appendix 'H', which shows that up
to the 26th October, 1955 (22nd October for districts)
expenditure on relief measures totalled $75,658. Vouchers were
certified as correct by an appropriate officer of the department
concerned and were authorized by the District Commissioner
'(Corozal or Orange Walk) or the Development Commissioner.
- 15 -
118. Funds immediately available for relief wore an interim
grant of B.H. 40. 000 from Her Majestyls Government and a grant
of B;.. $40,000 (to be'expended in relief supplies) from the
Government .of Jamaica, Total expenditure (or commitments) soon ex-
cedede these generous grants, but relief expenditure had to be
Continued pending information on what additional assistance
would be received from the United Kingdom.
120. All labour engaged was paid at the usual rates obtaining
before the hurricane. They also received (until the 31st
October in the first instance) free food.
Mfimary of Relief Measures.
121. Because of the active co-operation between Government
Officers and all members of the public and the willing help
given by private organizations religious denominations and
public spirited individuals all basic relief measures were
very quickly put into effect and all distressed persons received
food water, medical assistance, clothing (within the limits of
ava.ilabl supplies), and some measure of shelter. Communications
by road and telephone were re-opened and the administrative machine
vws: restored. So many organizations, firms and individuals
gave: Unstinted service that it is not possible to include tham
all by name in this report.
PART IV. RECONSTRUCTION.
122. The people of Corozal and Orange Walk Districts obtained
their living from agriculture. All reconstruction measures must
therefore be based on an Agricultural Reconstruction Plan. The
Government of Jamaica, at the invitation of this Government sent
Mr. H.C. Miller Chairman of the Yallaha Valley Land Authority,
Jamaica to Dritish Hondaras for a fortnight (17th to 31st
October) to help the Agricultural Department to prepare a
Reconstruction Plan. This Plan (JP/7) has already been prepared
and is being considered by Government.
123w l -the meantime, assistance is being given to farmers
In the following ways (in addition to supplies of food, clothing'
atd. atorials for reconstructing houses$ -
(a) Provision on free bean seed and vegetable seeds to
farmers in affected areas;
(b) The establishment of fruit tree nurseries in eight
-villages (Patchakan, Hillview Louistille, San Pablo,
San Jose, Orange Walk, San Estevan Yo Creek);
(c) The clearingofasite near each village for a communal
bean field, in additionto individuals own bean milpas.
124 The Agricultural Credits Fund Committee announced on
- 16 -
the 2nd October 1955 that repayments of capital or payment
of interest will not be required from borrowers in Corozal
or Orange Walk Districts during the next twelve months,
Reviews of damage to borrowers' holdings will be undertaken
in due course by the Agriculture Department and decision will
be communicated to the borrowers with regard to each individual
125. The Housing and Planning Department are undertaking a
survey of Corozal Town to determine what improvements in
planning especially as regards drainage, can be undertaken
before permanent rebuilding begins.
126. It is probable that the rebuilding of private
dwellings in Corozal Town will be undertaken, when the new
town plan is complete, on an aided self-help basis. The
Director of Housing and Planning will prepare recommendations
127. Reconstruction measures will be considered more fully
in future Progress Reports.
11th November, 1955.
DAMAGE TO CROPS.
The first assessment of the Director of Agriculture
completedd by the 3rd Dctoner, 29/Y gr;e tMe fsowing percentage of
' rozal & Orange Walk Districts.
(1) Coconuts, citrus and other fruit trees
Nearly all destroyed in both districts.
Nearly all destroyed apart from a little green corn (The
maize would have been ready for reaping in about two weeks).
(iUi) Sugar Cane.
Nearly all beaten flat and was damaged by wind and water,
The crop will probably recover with perhaps a 20% decrease
in yield for the 1956 crop.
Damaged but may recover.
but there will be a complete shortage of feed
From Belize northward there has probably been:-
(ii) Tree crops
30% badly damaged
75% damaged on Ambergris
f Sibun area -
(1) Corns Average 20% loss;
50% in isolated areas,
(ii) Trees & citrus
(Report on 5th October)
About 4C% not seriously damaged;
About 4-0% damaged but usable;
About 2CP destroyed.
Cii) Plantains & bananas
About 20C lost.
(iii) No other crop damage. No immediate hardship or
2. Any assessment of cost must be extremely wide,
because values and incomes are affected in so many ways.
Although the full force of the hurricane only affected
the area north of Orange Walk Town, and then in varying
degrees, corn crops in particular have been blown down over
a much wider area. Moreover as a result of the drought,
crops were poor and late over the whole territory.
3. The following assessment by the Director of
Agriculture of the cost of the damage attempts to take
into account as many factors as possible, but all figures
are subject to variation in the light of more accurate
(1) Sugar Canes
(a) The 1956 acreage is estimated at 5,250
acres. Assuming 17 tons per acre as an
average normal yield and a 20% reduction
due to the hurricane, the potential loss is
2,230 tons of sugar or 0142,800 as cane to
farmers .. .. .. 0142,800
(b) Distilleries are estimated to have
suffered damage totalling some .. 0 10,.00
(c) Corozal Sugar Factory buildings
destroyed; damage to machinery
not known; rough estimate not
yet confirmed by company 0125, 000
(Factory was insured)
(d) Loss of sugar & miscellaneous
losses etc. 0 72,000
Total Sugar Industry .. .. 350,00
Increased harvest costs, delays in
development, loss of earning power, etc. have not been
taken into account.
Probably some 4,000 acres of coconuts have
been destroyed or damaged throughout the
affected areas. They were in varying stages
of development and production. If produc-
tion averages 30 nuts per tree and there are
50 trees per acre, and nuts are worth 030 per
1,000 average, the potential yield loss is
about 0180,000 per annum until the plantations
are producing again in 7 years. Such a
calculation does not take into account capital
losses of rehabilitation work done since the
1943 hurricane, nor many other factors, such
as losses to Government on export revenue,
Total loss 0180,000.
.For seven years *. .. 01,260,000
- 3 -
(iii) Other tree crops
There are probably some 1,000 farmers who have lost
their fruit trees or had them seriously damaged.
These trees include citrus, avocado pears,, genip
etc. (say 5 trees each giving an annual income of
$5 per tree). Their annual loss of income will be
025,000 for at least five years therefore.
Total loss *. .. 0125,000
(iv) Annual Cropst
Some 2,000 farmers have lost nearly all their corn
and other annual crops which taken at 5 acres each
and yields of 800 lb. represents 0145,000
(v) Livestock Lossesj
These have probably been comparatively light,
but with expected food shortages will increase
or their potential income will decrease over the
next year by some S10,000.
(Eggs, hens, pigs, cattle) ,. j 10,0QQ
Damage assessment is as yet difficult, and in any
event it has been a very bad year. Overall
investment in this crop probably totals some
%30,000 (loans, labour etc.). .. $ 30,000
(vi) Broom Corns
Damage to crops and equipment is
probably some $500 01,000 $ ,4,000
(viii) miscellaneouss CroDst
Damage roughly estimated at .. 10,000
(ix) Small Farmers Housest
Equipment etco .. o200,000
(x) Estates .. j50Q,.000
Total Crop Losses f2,12.000.
4. An assessment of rent loss, loss to businesses and'
stores in trading, equipment, boats, paid labour etc. etc. have
not been included in these estimates.
*5. The assessment of loss to revenue, earning power and
the effect on the general economy is more difficult, because so
Much depends on the funds available privately, Government loans
or assistance schemes for rehabilitation,
6. Government revenuewill suffer from loss of land tax and
rents, Income tax and export dues. Many small farmers live almost!
froi day to day, selling produce to obtain their daily food and
other requilements. Most of their immediately realisable, assets
have disappeared and cannot be replaced for about a year for
annual crops and livestock, or for 3 7 years for tree crop
7. Apart from the sugar cane industry, there is
little paid agricultural employment which is open to
small' farmers in this area) unless coconut plantation
owners are assisted with rehabilitation schemes or other
relief schemes are to be evolved by Government,
8. The farmers themselves, once they have repaired
their houses, and cleared their farm trials, will wish
to return to their normal farming cycle the growing
of beans from November to January; the cleaning and
planting of corn February to Juney the harvesting of cane
from January to May. Any new schemes would have to be
fitted into these times to, give as full an employment
programme as possible.
9. Many farmers have been used to.other part time
employment in work suih as chicle bleeding. If the chicle
forests are not damaged and there is a market, they can
perhaps obtain some relief in this work during the next
10. An Agricultural RecoVery Plan is the subject of
a separate paper.
24th October, 19~*5
NOTE ON DAMAGE TO FORE TS.
1. Location of Forests in Northern Districts.
The greater part of the Corozal District is clear of
forests except for the north-western sector where there
are some privately owned mahogany and chicle forests
and the Freshwater Creek Forest Reserve (mahogany and
sapodilla), The Orange Walk District has part of the
Freshwater Creek Reserve in its eastern sector as well as
privately owned forest land. The most extensive mahogany
and chicle forests in the range Walk District lie in the
south and south-western sectors and are for the greater
part owned by the Belize Estate and Produce Co. Ltd. with
headquarters at Gallon .ug.
2. WBentd of Damage.
After aerial and ground reconnaissance by the Forest
Department and the Belize Estate and Produce Co. Ltd. on
forests in the Northern Districts, the following conclusions
have been reacheds-
(a) Almost all the small mahogany trees and about 20%
of the large ones (say 1000 trees) have been blown
down or severely damaged in the Freshwater Creek
Forest Reserve and surrounding area. The remain-
ing 80% of other mature mahogany trees (say
4,000 trees) although without leaves or fruit and
having broken limbs, will eventually recover.
(b) There are some 30000 mature sapodilla trees in the
Reserve, of which about 10% have been blown over or are
too seriously damaged to recover. The remainder will
.probably not produce very much chicle for two or three
years and will then come back into production.
(c) In the forest area in the south and south-western
sector of the Orange Walk District, the damage is
very slight and Belize Estate & Produce Co. Ltd.
consider their losses as negligible* It is felt that
it will still-be a good seed year in this area,
Frbo the short term point of view the large timber can be
salvaged and already some contractors have applied for permits
'to extract the fallen mahogany. In the long term the. effect will
rbe ft again in about 20 years when the young trees. Which were
..stirdyed would have matured,. ..-eedlings up to 5 years old have
a gjis4d cancer of fighting their way through the tangle of fallen
trees. There will however be no seeds available for replanting
'tntil tie mature trees, which are.still standing, recover,
F-Ie danger will be serious if there is a long dry. season
in the :future, and this will have to be guarded against.
1. 11. 55.
D HORICAG J'T
WMA&a e 10 0C@FOP1^
(Estimated on 28th October, 1955)
The estimates given below are subject to revision
when a more accurate assessment can be made.
2. Damaged Proerty. The estimate below is the actual
estimated cost ofrepair*
3. DeAtroyed Proverty. The estimate below is the
value of the property before destruction. The cost of
rebuilding will be considerably more. No estimate of cost
of rebuilding can be given until a decision is taken on the
design of the new building, which may of course differ
considerably from that of the old building.
4. Town Board Property (including streets) is
included separately in this list.
5. Other items may be included later.
6. Bhool. A note on damage to schools (without
estimated coot of damage, which is still being obtained)
is included. These school buildings are the property of the
various religious denominations which administer them.
7. Summary to date iss-
Government Buildings Destroyed $5,000
Government Buildings Damaged 20,130
Sea wall 20,160
Jetties and wharves 8,800
Ferries 6 200
Lighthouses 4, (00
Forestry Buildings and Installa-
tions 0. O
Total Government Property 1t82o.04
Town Board Property S 4gg
GOVEINT BUILDINGS DESTROY ED alu ror to
Government Rest House 9,000
Junior Staff Quarters ,000
District Commissioner's Quarters 2 9,500
Medical Officer's Quarters 9,000
Nurses Quarters 7,000
Customs House 1,000
Police Sergeant's Quarters 6,000
Customs Quarters (ConseJo) 5 000
Farm Demonstrator's Quarters (Hill View) 400
Total (Buildings Destroyed)
GOVRmERMB UILDNGIG DQAMAG
*/.*; ,, r *- *
.C's .Office and
Queens Bonded Ware-
SBuilding has been
badly shaken and is
damage to roof
Minor damage to roof
Damage to the concrete
wall on the north side
and also the fence on
the east side
Gable wall leaning,
plates are cracked and
the building has been
Severe damage to the
roof and fly-screening
on the verandah
Minor roof damage
House blown down off its
storey posts. Kitchen
completely dislodged from
the quarters, and damage
to windows. Roof extensive-
ly damaged 2, 000.00
Dislodged from its found-
ations. Damage to the roof
and sanitation system 2,000,00
Police Stations at San
tevan, Douglas, San
Oman, August Pine Ridge,
Cye aulker, San Pedro
(4bergris Caye) Orange
Oalk, Progresso San
Antonio (0.W1, Maskalls
.Fare Demonstrator s
Thrown off Storey posts,
and lower storey destroy-
S Orange Walk -
S Minor Damage
ORANGE WALK DISTRICT (CONTINUED)
Junior Officer's Qtrs.
Rockstone Pond School
Qtrs. (Half-Moon Caye)
Roofing of both
vat and building
Blown Down )
W.C' blown to land
Damage to Guttering
Total Government Buildings damaged
Customs Jetty, Corozal
Fish Wharf, Corozal
San Pedro Pier
Seawall badly damaged
Measured 432 yds. long.
Total 1008 cu. yds. at
020.00 per yd.
Measured 75 yds. in
Measured 10 yds. in
Part washed away 150
Badly damaged 300
Concrete top has been
and part of the rock filling
has been washed away. The
Jetty was 135 yds, in
length and 2 yds. in width
with a concrete top
surface 4, in thickness. 900
6QC of the Jetty has
OTHER ITEMS (CONTINCD)
Santa Elena Ferry
Tower Hill Ferry
Ferry approaches. Corozal
side has been destroyed.
Measured 8 yds. in'
length; 4 2/3 yds. in
Total Loss $5,500
Damaged S 300
Roads (Orange Walk)
Lighthousess Eastern Lights
Rocky Point (Unattended Light)
'Rest House & Orflce
t Rangers' House &
Guards House and
Laborers House and
Labourers House and
Guards House and
/Other. Government Installations
Other Government Installations
Damage cost of
Honey Camp Jib
5 miles Clearing
31 miles Clearing
3 miles Clearing
3 miles Clearing
Total Other Government Installations
.... W fsal"
Town Board Property
Power House (so badly damaged that it
should be rebuilt)
Slaughter House (Destroyed)
Town Hall (Damaged)
Fire Station (Destroyed)
Miscellaneous Town Board Property
Town sea wall (badly damaged))
San Joaquin R.C.
Yo hen R.C.
Concepcloa n1. R
SEiX.-N rciso R.C..
Damaged or Destroyed.
Orange Walk District
A-ugust .Pine mge R.C. o10
Guinea: Oras. R.C .. 60
San- Astno.R.G 66
$an Lasaro Trinidad R.C, 69
San Palo 120
6School i. being held in a private home
S .; a u U f. : the Church.,
_ --- ---- ----- -
= n w - q
San WaTrciso B.C4
Yo Chen B.GC
Methodist Mission House (Teacher's
Anglican Teacher's House
Orange Walk District.
August Pine Ridge R.C.
Guinea Grass RB
San Antonio R.*C.
San Estevan R.C.
San Lazaro Trinidad B.C.
San Roman R.C.
San Pablo R.C.
Destroyed ( 15,300)
Orange Walk District
Many other buildings sustained minor damage which has been
28th October, 1955.
To A r-.b-nq^ .,
EL HURACAN JANET.
Ayuda Propia con la Asistencia del Gobierno y el Pueblo.
La recuperaci6n despu6s del Hurac6n Janet en el distrito de Corozal y las Areas dafiadas en los distritos
de Orange Walk y Belice exige y se puede lograr solamente por medio de un gran esfuerzo unido: el Gobierno
y el pueblo trabajando juntos con ahinco.
2. El principio basico de este esfuerzo unido serd la ayuda propia con la asistencia del Gobierno quien le
dari al pueblo toda ]a ayuda que pueda, el pueblo a su vezcontribuyendo tambidn todo la ayuda propia quo
3. Las existencias de abastecimientos de alivio en la Honduras Britanica son limitadas, La mayor part de
los articuloq tienen que venir de ulramar: de Jamaica, de latGran Bretafia y de los Estados Unidos de Norte
Amdrica. El Gobierno ha pedido que se rcmitan estos lo mis urgentemente possible y hard cuanto pueda para
evitar atrasos en la distribuci6n al pueblo de los mismos. Pero el pueblo debe ejercer paciencia razonable si
estos abastecimientos no les Ilegan tan pronto como ellos quisieran.
4. El dinero que ha recibido el Gobierno de los Gobiernos de ia Gran Bretafia y de Jamaica, y de donantes
generosos al Fondo local de Alivio. se emplea para pagar los abastecimientos de alivio suministrados: alimento,
cobijas, ropa, mosquiteros, laminas de aluminio, tuberia, clavos, alambre para amarrar, tiendas de campaia,
equipo de hospital, medicinas, drogas v tambi6n para pagar gastos tales como sueldos de trabajadores, gasoline
y aceite para vehiculos y cquiio, etc. Les doy mi palabra que el Gobierno tomara todas las medidas necesarias
para asegurarse de que el dinero se gaste sabia y debidamente.
5. Dentro de los recursos. que asi tiene el Gobierno a su disposici6n la ayuda gubernamental incluirA lo
El suministro gratuito de alimentos esenciales por un periodo limitado (cuya duraci6n todavia no se
ha determinado) al pueblo de Corozal y en las aldeas dafiadas por el huracan.
La purificacion del abastecimiento de agua en el pueblo de Corozal y en las aldeas dafiadas por el
La instalaci6n provisional en Corozal de un abastecimiento de agua por conduct de tuberia.
(a) Pueblo de Corozal: El aclaramiento de patios; el proporcionamiento gratuito de la ayuda del
Departamento de Obras Phblicas con gatos de hierro a los duefios particulares de viviendas quienes tengan
casas para alzar, y la construcci6n en la plaza de cuarteles provisorios de madera.
(b) E,' las aldeas: El proporcionamiento gratuito a los habitantes de las aldeas dafiadas por el
huracAn durante un period limitado (cuya duraci6n todavia no se ha determinado) de una cantidad
limitada de material silvestre para ayudarles a reparar sus casas y escuelas; c igualmente, (con el mismo
objeto) cl suministro de elavos y alambre para amarrar.
En nombre del Gobierno, la Cruz Roja distribuira los articulos disponibles de ropa, cobijas, saces
de yu te y tela para mosquiteros.
(5) Servicios medicos y de higiene public.
Un hospital de emergencia en el pueblo de Corozal; el abrir de nuevo ali la clinica de bienestar para
nifios; el proporcionamiento de medicines y drogas incluyendo las especiales contra t6tano y tifoidea y
para curar la disenteria. La provision de letrinas para conveniencia piblica y dep6sitos para desperdicios,
una campafa continuada de rociar insecticide; el despacho de unidades m6viles de higiene a las aldeas.
Ayuda gratuita por el Departamento de Agricultura con tractors a fin de aclarar terreno para fincas
comunales temporales destinadas al siembro inmediato de frijoles; el proporcionamiento gratuito de
semillas de frijol a los agricultores en el distrito de Corozal, el distrito de Orange Walk y el district de
Belice, al norte de una line de la milla 14 atravds de Burrell Boom, Bermudian Landing y Hill Bank y en
otras areas dafiadas por el huracan; el proporcionamiento gratuito de plants para cosechas permanentes,
incuyendo la fruta citrica, a los agricultores dentro de los distritos de Corozal, Orange Walk y Belice,
donde estas se cultivan normalmente pero han sido destruidas por el huracan.
El mantenimiento'de lacarretera principal al pueblo de Corozal y de los caminos laterales alas aldeas;
la construcci6n de una pista de aterrizaje afuera del pueblo de Corozal; el mantenimiento de comunica-
clones telef6nicas y radiofonicas.
El proporcionamiento a precious de cost de articulos tales como mocasinos, machetes, hachas, mar-
tillos, sierras, parties para lAmparas de kerosina, etc., a personas verdaderamente damnificadas en las Areas
afectadas por el huracan.
6. Igualmente, el pueblo de los distritos de Corozal, Orange Walk y Belice debe dar toda la ayuda possible,
no solamenic al Gobierno sino a si mismos tambi6n, para su recuperaci6n propia y especialmente 1o siguiente:-
(a) Quedarse en sus propios pueblos o aldeas para reconstruir provisoriamente lo que puedan.
S(b) Como media temporal elegir a un encargado para su aldea, por ejemplo, el maestro de escuela o
cualquier otra persona responsable, para servir come intermediario entire el pueblo y el Gobiemo
y luego mandar el nombre de la persona elegida al Magistrajdo de su respective distrito.
(c) Ponerse pronto de acuerdo centre si mismos en consultaci6n con el Departamento de Agricultura
para escoger el sitio de su finca comunal provisional en el cual sembrar en seguida los frijoles.
(d) Sembrar las semillas y las cosechas permanentes que reciban del Departamento de Agricultura
y seguir las instrucciones de ese departamento.
(e) Hacer sus propios mosquiteros.
(f) Cooperar de inmediato con cualquier official gubernamental que sea sefialado para ayudarles.
7. Cuando el Gobierno tenga que contratar trabajadores para cualquier necesidad, pagard los salaries
vigentes de acuerdo con las tarifas. El Gobiemo no tiene dinero para regular a nadie.
8. El Gobierno declarara cuanto antes su procedimiento para el planeamento y reconstrucci6n pemaanente
del pueblo de Corozal y de las aldeas en los distritos de Corozal y Orange Walk. Hasta entonces, se le pide a
cualquier persona quin esta planeando para reconstruir en estos lugares en una base permanent que cooper
con el Gobierno, consultando al Director de Construcci6n y Planeamiento de Viviendas de la Autoridad Cen-
tral (Sr. H. C. Fairwvather)en susedeenel "Town Hall",Corozal.
9. Yo so que puedo contar con la ayuda de todos, tanto oficiales como no-oficiales, en la gran tarea que
tenemos que realizar.
T. D. VICKER,
Casa de Gobierno, Gobernador Interino.
Belice. 20 de octubre de 1955.
VIL.QsS E8&PPLSD BY e=0Q CENTBEM .
Main road villages north of but excluding Aventura
From E. of Xaibe to Corozal Town
From Corozal Town to Santa Elena
Copper Bank )
Pembroke Hall Village
San Pedro (Ambergris Caye)
Coast up to Bulkhead
(4th November 1955)
1. To devise a scheme of long term relief for distressed
persons in areas affected by Hurricane Janet.
2. Relief will be given only to those in need of it and
not to those receiving an adequate income. Relief will not be
so generous as to prejudice a quick return to normal economy
3. All Government officers full-time P.W.D., Town Board or
Corozal Sugar Factory employees and teachers will cease to draw
free rations after the 31st October, 1955.
4. Farmers will be encouraged to remain on and to cultivate
5. Distressed persons in the affected areas will be
considered under two separate groups:-
(b) Corozal town dwellers
(c) Orange Walk town dwellers.
Town Dwellers Corozal.
6. The Corozal Food Kitchen will be closed on the evening
of Sunday the 13th November 1955, and dry rations on an approved
scale will be issued from Monday the 14th November to those
entitled to rations.
7. The Labour Adviser will conduct a lot to lot census and
obtain from each family the details necessary to complete
questionnaire cards which are being printed. These cards will be
assembled into a card index which will serve as a register for
food rationing initially and for other purposes later.
8. Eight enumerators will be required to work in pairs, one
pair to each of the four areas bounded by:-
(1) The East side of Hospital Street and the North side
of Commercial Street;
(2) The East side of Gomez Street and the South side of
(3) The West side of Gomez Street and the South side of
(4) The West side of Hospital Street and the North side of
9. Any non-government persons engaged for this work will be
employed by the District Commissioner at rates to be determined by
him, in accordance with directions already given.
10. The Index resulting from the census will be made
available to the Rationing Committee on completion. It will in
due course be developed into indexes of employed and unemployed
persons and will also indicate those in receipt of rations.
Tomw Dwellers Orange Walk.
11, All those requiring dry rations are being requested
by the District Commissioner to register their names.
12. The particulars to be obtained on the register are:-
Name of head of family.
Nrnmber and names of "adult" dependents (i.e. aged seven or over)
Number of "child" dependents (i.e. aged under 7).
Occupation of hted of family, and if employed.
Names and ages 6f employable persons.
Occupation of any dependent normally employed, and if employed.
Ownership of land and farming activities.
13. The names on the register will be scrutinised by a
Committee (see paragraph 15) and the names of those having adequate
income will be deleted.
14. The remaining names will be scrutinised at appropriate
intervals by each Committee, and the names of those who have
obtained adequate income will be removed.
15. The Committee responsible for the register will be composed
The District Commissioner or his representative
The Member for the District
Other persons with close local knowledge proposed by the
16. Persons whose names are on the register will be entitled
to obtain rations from the Government store in Corozal Town and
17. Ration cards will not be issued. The names of those
entitled to rations will be posted in a prominent place and also at
the food stores. A person drawing rations for a family will
acknowledge receipt by signing the list.
18. Relief in cash or in kind will probably be required by
most farmers in Zone 1 and some farmers in Zone 2 up to the end of
January in the first place.
19. Villagers while employed on estates on their normal wages
will not be entitled to free rations.
20. The District Commissioners (Corozal and Orange Walk),
the Officer in charge of Louisville and the District Officer,
Belize, will register all those villages requiring assistance in
the areas for which they are responsible, and will appoint
responsible persons (e.g. Police Constables, Schoolmasters or others)
to be in charge of distribution in villages.
21. Rations will be delivered to these responsible persons
in villages from Corozal, Louisville, Orange Walk and Belize (for
the cayes) weekly for those on the register.
22. The registration and census will be under the direct
control of the following officers:-
Corozal Town .. .. the Labour Adviser
Villages fed from Corozal .. .. the D.C., Corozal
Villages fed from Louisville .. the officer in charge,
Orange Walk Town and villages
fed from Orange Walk .. the D.C., Orange Walk
Belize District .. the District Officer,
23. The food depots in Corozal, Louisville and Orange Walk
will be administered by specially appointed officers responsible to
the District Commissioner.
24. The Marketing Officer will remain in charge of the
procurement of food supplies and distribution to the three depots.
25. The specially appointed officers will be responsible
for the custody of supplies in the depots and their distribution
to village representatives.
26. The specially appointed officers and the Agricultural
Extension Officers, in pursuance of their normal duties, will obtain
information and advise the District Commissioner of any modifications
required in the ration scale or in the scale generally.
27. The system of keeping accounts will be that proposed by
the Marketing Officer, subject to the approval of the Principal
28. The ration scale will be published separately.
29. This scheme will apply to -
Zone 1 (Corozal District, Orange Walk District north of
Orange Walk Town, and Ambergris Caye);
Zone 2 (The remainder of Orange Walk and Belize District
north of a line Boom/Bermudian Landing/Hill Bank;
only such persons as are recommended by the
District Commissioner or District Officer, Belize.
30. This paper supersedes Paper JP/6 dated the 28th October,
4th November, 19955
JP/6 (Revised) Appendix A.
WEEY AMOUNTS IN LBS OR REACTIONS OF ALB_
o1. of persons ox Mar- r or
in Family Rice Corn means ilk Sugar Flour ;ard garine Tea Coffe Beef Fish Onion Salt Soap
1 Adult 2 4 2 1 ,2 4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 1
* Adults 3 6 -3 2 1 2 44 5 3/4 1/4 1/4- 2 2 1/4 1/4 1 .
1 child 34 7 3s 2 3 31 3/4 1/4 2j 2j 2
2 Adults and 2 3 -
children 4 53/4 4 3 4 1 3/4 3/8 5/4 3 3 2
2 Adults and 5 41 8* 41 5 4 4 1I 3/4 3/8 3/4 3 3 3/4 1 2
2 Adults and 4 "
children 4 3/4 91/4 4 3/4 4 4. 4 3/4 a/Vg 1 4 4 3/4 2
2 Adults and 5 -
children 5 10 5 4 5 5 2 1 I1 4 4 1 2
NOTE: (1) F
or each child after
the 5th 1/3 scale for 1 adult
"adult" is a person aged 7 or over
childa is a person under .7 years.
8th November, 1955*
Relief Supplies Received or on Order
(as at 30th October, 1955).
1. All contributions in cash are paid into the Hurricane
Janet Appeal Fund, particulars of which are published separately.
2. All food supplies (apart from certain consignments sent
direct in the first two days) are taken on charge by the Marketing
Officer. They are then issued to District Commissioners (Orange
Walk and. Corozal), Food Supply Depot (Louisville), District Officer
(Belize), the Militia Hall Refugee Centre, the Comptroller of
Customs (for the Cayes) for distribution to the food kitchen in
Coroxal or to responsible persons in villages. Records are maintained
of all stocks and issues.
3. All clothing is taken on charge by the Red Cross Society
and issu-ed. through centres in Corozal, Orange Walk and (formerly)
Militia Hall Refugee Centre.
4. All medical supplies are taken on charge by the Medical
Department and used as required.
5. All P.W.D. stores are taken on charge by the P.W.D. and
issued as required.
6. Tents were taken on charge by the Commandant of the
B.H.V.G. and issued as required.
From Her Majesty's Government (initial grant) $40,000
From the Government of Jamaica (Stores
marked + to be paid for from this grant) $40,000
'Hurricane Janet Appeal Fund Various
contributions, being published separately.
Gift from Government of Guatemala.
Rice .. 50 bags
Coffee 1950 lbs.
Sugar .. 50 bags
Salt .30 bags
Black Beans 33 bags.
Gift from Messrs. G.N.F. Nord
(Messrs. G.N.F. Nord made a donation of $500 worth of food and
Flour .. 10 bags
R.K. Beans .. 3 bags
Hog Lard .. 10 tins.
/Gift from British
Gift from British Legation Guatemala
8 bags .
From United States Navy (U.8.S, Antares)
Some of these supplies were intended for distribution to
Quintana Roo (by the U.S. "Flying Box car" or the L.C.t.)
Canned Fruit Juice
Topova Cake Mix
150 units (In Flying Box Car)
10 units .
15 cartons .
Some cigarettes were originally landed but all were later taken
back on board.
Gift from Messrs. James Brodie & C., Ltd.
Gift from Carlton Johnson, Punta Gorda.
Gift from Toledo Relief Committee.
Gift from Mr. Ernest Cattousi.
Gift from Mr. Bailey Sittee.
Gift from Lyons & CQ.
Black Cross Nurses.
Beans & Peas
Cookies & Crackers
Bahamas Red Cross.
People of Placentia.
Cayo Town Board.
Catholic National Welfare Council (New York) (Promised).
Dried Milk Powder 200,000 lbs.
Food and Clothing.
During the first two days after the hurricane the under-
ricntioned supplies were sent direct from other Districts to Corozal
and Orange Walk.
Gift from the Merchants of Stann Creek.
A generous consignment of food and clothing.
Gift from the People of Hiill Bank.
Flour 1 sack
Clothing 2 cartons
Groceries 1 carton.
Gift from the People of Gallon Jug.
A generous consignment of food, soap, clothing,
Gift from Central Ferm.
A generous consignment of food.
Gift from the People of Cayo.
A generous consignment of food.
(It may be that some gifts sent direct to the Districts in the
first two days, before the delivery had been-organized, have been
omitted from this list. If so, the error is regretted, but the
gifts will have been appreciated).
Marketing Board Stocks on 30. 9. 5.
Rice 700 bags
Beans 2 2,500 bags
Corn 3 750 bags.
1,500 (40 bales) (ex. "Selena'; from
Chi dren' s
"C l thing
2,000 (arriving Lntartic Ocean from U.K.)
3,000 (ordered from Jamaica) +
2 bales (Solena; from Jamaica)+
14 cases (3:lena; from Jamaica)
3 bales Blankets from Guatemala (British
115 blankets (Bahamas Branch, Red Cross Society)
320 sets (ex. "Selena"; from Jamaica)+
180 sets (arrived "Joshua"; from Jamaica) +
1,000 sets (children) (requested from Jamaica)+
500 sets (infants) (requested from Jamaica) +
1,587 garments (infants) (Bahamas Branch,
Red Cross Society)
2,192 garments (children's) (Bahamas Branch,
Red Cross Society)
80 sets (ex "Selena"; from Jamaica) +
170 sets (ex AJoshua"; from Jamaica) f
1,000 sets (requested from Jamaica) +
16 cartons Cotton Shirts (oa. 200),.
17 cartons shirts (51 doz.) (U.S.S. Antares)
13 cartons undershirts (ea., 160)
5 cartons Work Pants (ea. 40) (U.S.S. Antares)
1 box socks
1 carton (Northside Women's Guild, Grand
Women's Clothing 100 sets (ex "Selenal', from Jamaica) +
150 sets (ex "Joshuat", from Jamaica) +
1,763 garments (Bahamas Branch, Red Cross
Towels 3 cartons (U.S.S Ant-res)
Assorted Clothingl000 assorted garments (B.H. Red Cross)
4 cartons assorted garments (U.S.S.
Various gifts of assorted clothing were received from
residents at the Red Cross Centre in Belize.
250 pairs donated by Bata Shoe Co. of Canada
139 pairs (Bahamas Branch, Red Cross Society)
2 cartons Shoes from New Orleans.
6 tons promised by the Catholic National
Welfare Council of New York.
Household articles 175 items (Bahamas Branch, Red Cross
Bedding 18 articles ( Sootety)
100 tents (ex "Selena", from Jamaica) +
(in charge of B.H.V.G.)
Equipment for new Corozal Hospital (Part received;
remainder on order from Jamaica) +
Medical equipment for Dr. Walters (on order from Jamaica)+
Medical Supplies (about $15,000) (U.S.S. Antares)
Sulha and Emetine (arrived from Jamaica) +
T.A B. (0144.00) 39,000 doses (from U.S. Government)
1,016 Quetzales (Gift from Government of
Insecticidal Spray Unit (on loan from U.S.S. Antares and
returned on board)
(20 cartons from Jamaica Red Cross)
(20 cartons from Jamaica Red Cross)
Surgical Supplies (25) from Morris Parkin, Jamaica.
( 24 doz. Bandages
1,000 vials Penicillin
100 vials A.T.S. 10,000 units
1,000 vials A.T.S.
400 Typhoid Vac. 50 CC
3 bots. x 100 Caps.
2 box x 12 Hypo Needles
3 x 12 Syringe 10 cc
6 Trunks Medical equipment
(From U.S. Navy by seaplane).
30th October, 1955. -
ADVANCES HURRICANE JANET
<(6l4ews 'setute EpeaiMsw 0o aa.1945 eaki)
9SShpfl t 04bU%5.
A. 1 Clearing of debris
2 Clearing of roadf
3 Repairs to Ooverntmet
4 Repairs to roads
Provision of communal
6 Asst, towards private
MEDICAL & HEALTH
B. 1 Medical stores i95
2 Extra Assistance
Mass inoculation 905.43
S Insecticidal spraying 337.78
5 Chlorination of water suppl
Purchase of Food
Distribution of Food
aEergency cooking, etc.
Fruit tree nurseries
Supply of seeds
Ce ng lands, tractor
tools & Equipment
Agstat Orange Walk at
eouispvill b ous es
Supply of bush astlral
. vYimnt eeor Gua
TUBASEfPl AFD l TREMinWS
Se, & River transport
Equipment and Stores
I Electricity Supply
INFORMATION & CQMJ3NICATIONS
K. 1 Information
3 Radio Communications
SURVEY, TOWN PLANING, ETC.
L. Survey, Town Planning, etc.
REFUGEE RECEPTION CENTRE
M Centre & Emergency Hospital
PURCHASE OF CLOTHING
N Purchase of Clothing
0 Stationery, etc.