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 Front Cover
 Foreword
 What the settler can expect
 What the colony can produce
 Back Cover






Title: British Honduras, the forgotten colony
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Title: British Honduras, the forgotten colony
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Hidden, F. C.
Publisher: National Business Agency Ltd.
Place of Publication: London
Kingston
Manufacturer: Manton Press
Publication Date: n.d.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00095340
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Foreword
        Page 3
    What the settler can expect
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    What the colony can produce
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text
BRITISH

HONDURAS,

THE FORGOTTEN

COLONY

by
F. C. HIDDEN,
Chairman of Directors,
National Business Agency Ltd.









Published by National Business Agency Ltd., 36. Eastcheap, London, E.C.3.






NATIONAL BUSINESS AGENCY (WEST INDIES) LTD


The West Indies largest real estate service in

JAMAICA, CAYMAN ISLANDS, BRITISH HONDURAS


Head Office:
121, King St.,
Kingston,
Ja n a ca.


Branch Offices:

JAMAICA,
Myrtle Bank Hotel,
Kingston.


British
Honduras:

North Front St.
Belize.


also at
Mandeville, Montego Bay, Port Maria d&
Port Antonio.


Properties, Plantations, Residences,
Hotels, Businesses, Partnerships,
Investments for sale


Agents in Britain:
NATIONAL BUSINESS AGENCY LTD.
Overseas Dept.
63/64, Gracechurch Street,
London, E.C.3.



from whom lists can be obtained and any further information
supplied






Foreword...


They call British Honduras, THE
FORGOTTEN COLONY," and, make no
mistake about it. British Honduras is a
striking example of the occasional truth of
the saying that the British can stay longer
in a country and do nothing about it, than
any other nation in the world.
As I travelled through the Colony and
saw the hundreds of thousands of acres of
rich, virgin soil covered with dense bush.
capable of carrying a population of at least
a million people, I wondered on whom could
be placed the blame for its neglect. I heard
tales of powerful financial interests who did
not want the Colony developed, who secured
sole concessions, not for the purpose of
development, but in order to stop develop-
ment, with the object of keeping up world
prices.
Any enterprising journalist who cared to
dig into the history of the Colony over the
last thirty years, would find scandals which
would rival the sensational disclosures on
German cartel arrangements, which came at
the end of the war.
Guatemala looks with envy at the pos-
sibilities of such rich fertile land, with its
deep water outlet to the Gulf of Mexico
and the Atlantic at Stann Creek. We can
always rush warships, marines and troops to
Belize, but can we allow this Colony, so rich
in natural resources, to remain undeveloped
and morally justify ourselves in the face of
world opinion?
So low has British estimation of this price-
less little Colony fallen, that since I returned
home, some people in Britain have seriously
asked me whether it was not really a liability
we should do better without.
British Honduras needs new blood, new
ideas, new enterprises and new capital to
harness its resources to the needs of its
people and to enable it to develop to its due
place within the Commonwealth.
Here is not only the heaven-sent answer to
the problem of finding an outlet for the sur-
plus manpower of over-populated Jamaica
and Barbados, but also with its lovely climate


F. C. HIDDEN
and beautiful scenery is suitable for white
people. With its rich, virgin soil to be pur-
chased at probably the lowest price in the
world to-day, it offers golden opportunities
for pioneers from Britain, which when
known, will appeal to all those with initiative,
enterprise, reasonable capital and with what
I would describe as ordinary common-or-
garden "guts."
Before leaving England to visit British
Honduras, I made an extensive search to find
as much information as possible concerning
the Colony. To my surprise, the information
obtainable in Britain was most meagre and
scanty.
This booklet has been compiled from the
information I gleaned whilst out there. I
hope it will be of some assistance to all those
whose interest in the Colony may have been
aroused by reason of its neglected poten-
tialities and who are unable to find a concise,
yet comprehensive account written at first
hand elsewhere.

._
-- ^ .N -4






WHAT


THE


SETTLER


CAN EXPECT


British Honduras, the only British posses-
sion in Central America, lies within latitudes
15" 54' and 18' 29' north and longitudes 88"
10' and 89' 09' west. It is bounded on the
east by the Caribbean Sea. on the north and
north-west by Mexico and on the west and
south by Guatemala.
The greatest length of the Colony is about
174 miles and its greatest width, about 68
miles. It has an area of 8.867 square miles.
Principal industries are the logging of
mahogany and the bleeding of chicle, but
small amounts of bananas, grapefruit and
coconuts are grown for export, and sugar is
produced for local consumption. Some
peasant agriculture is carried on, but
probably over 60 per cent. of the population
live to a large extent on imported foods.
The population numbers about 60,000. Of
this number, about 56 per cent, are of negro
origin and are mainly engaged in the
mahogany-industry and in urban occupations.
but this percentage includes 8 to 9 per cent.
of so-called Caribs," peasant fishers and
farmers, whose chief crop is cassava. Maya
Indians, who are for the most part cultivators
of maize, wandered into the Colony from the
adjoining Republics during the last century
and constitute about 25 per cent. of the
inhabitants. Most of the remainder of the
population are of Spanish descent and like
the Maya Indians, migrated to British
Honduras from the surrounding countries;
they live principally in the towns and villages.
North of the latitude of Belize, the country
is level; south of it, the land rises sharply into
a mountain area of a general altitude of from
2,000 to 3,000 feet, to which the name
"Maya Mountains" has been given. The
highest point is an independent ridge known
as the Cockscomb. approximately 3,700 feet.
Temperature.-The mean annual tempera-
ture for Belize over a period of 15 years is
77.8' F., and this appears representative of
the greater part of the Colony. January has
the lowest mean monthly temperature,


73.0' F. In the north, the early part of the
dry season is cool and minimum tempera-
tures as low as 46 F. are occasionally
recorded.


Extreme maximum shade tem-
perature (recorded April 8th,
1941) ... ... ...
Extreme minimum shade tem-
perature (recorded December
19th, 1943) ... ...
Annual rainfall, Belize:


96' F.


49" F.


Average mean for five years
(1939--1943) ... ... 81 inches
Rain days, average mean for
12 years (1928-1939) ... 181 days
The annual rainfall is lighter in the
northern and western districts and heavier in
the southern districts, as the following
averages, based on thie-ecorded figures for
the five years period 1939-1943, show:
Northern District (Corozal and
Orange Walk) ... ... 52 inches
Cayo District (western) ... 58
Stann Creek District ... ... 91
Toledo District ... ... 162
Rainfall.-Seasonal distribution. Over the
greater part of British Honduras, the year is
divisible into well-marked, wet and dry
seasons, the latter being considered those
months with an average fall of less than four
inches (100 mm.) and in which evaporation
can be assumed to exceed rainfall.
In the north, the dry season is the six
months period from November to April, but
over the majority of the low-lying regions of
the Colony, the dry season is restricted to the
months of February, March and April and in
some years the latter part of January and the
early part of May. In the wet area around
Punta Gorda in the extreme south, the dry
season is of one month's duration only,
occurring in March. During the dry season,
months with no rainfall at all have been a
frequent occurence since records have been
kept.












ii',


Boats at the mouth of Haulover Creek, which is a delta branch of the Belize, or Old river. Hoppe


During the wet season, a fairly pronounced
maximum rainfall occurs in June and
another less well-marked during September
to October. Punta Gorda, however, has one
rainfall peak during the wet season and this
occurs in July.
Winds.-The prevailing winds are the east
to south-east Trades, but from October to
January, cool, north-westerly winds are most
frequent.
POPULATION, 1943.


District
BELIZE
NORTHERN
CAYO
STANN CREEK
TOLEDO ...


Est. pop.
24,577
16,118
8,296
6,872
6,649
62,512


Area, sq. miles.
1,623
2,180
1,830
840
2,125
8,598


RIVERS.-There are seventeen principal
rivers, of which two flow north to Chetumal
Bay, and the remainder east.
The two flowing north, Rio Hondo and
New River, are navigable for boats drawing
about four feet for some seventy miles.


Of those flowing east, the Sarstoon, Deep,
Moho, 'Rio Grande, Sittee, Sibun and
Belize (or Old) Rivers are navigable by boats
up to four feet draught, but only the Sibun
and Belize Rivers are navigable for any
considerable distance and, owing to rapids
and runs, only by shallow draught boats.
The Belize River is navigated by shallow
draught tunnel boats as far as El Cayo,
roughly 121 river miles (the direct line dis-
tance is roughly sixty miles).
Beyond the limit of motor boats, naviga-
tion is carried on by doreys (dug-outs) and
pitpans (punt-shaped dugout craft).
COASTAL WATERS.-The coastal
waters are shallow north of Belize; depth six
feet or so. South of that place they are deep,
with good channels for steamers and deep
water in certain cases close inshore.
The protection afforded by the triple line
of Cays, the reefs, prevents any really rough
seas and provides the Colony with a stretch
of calm, almost inland, water along its doast.
PORTS.-The capital and principal port
of the Colony is Belize, at the mouth of the
Belize. Owing to the protection afforded by
the reef and the islets, or Cays, which run
5


/1Ai





























A typical middle-class house in Belize. The kitchen is detached with a covered way leading to it. Hoppe.


parallel to tie coast from two to twenty miles
distant, the roadstead is c.alm and safe. On
the other hand, it has the disadvantage of
shallow water, which compels steamers to lie
some two miles out.
The second deepwater port is at Commerce
Bight, two miles and a quarter south of
Stann Creek Town. It has a pier alongside
at which ocean steamers can dock. For this
reason and also because of the great fertility
of the soil in the Stann Creek region, it is
generally believed that in due course Stann
Creek will become the commercial port of
the Colony.
COMMUNICATIONS. The Colony's
greatest drawback is its lack of roads. A
very good all-weather road of about 80 miles
connects Belize to Corozal: another good
road of about 60 miles, connects Belize to
Cayo, and another good road, about 23
miles, connects Stann Creek to Middlesex.
Short lengths of road usable by motor
traffic, link up Corozal Town and Consejo,
El Cayo and Benque Viejo, Punta Gorda and
San Antonio. An extensive network of trails
exists and a great deal of the Colony can be
traversed on horse or mule back.


The most immediate and urgent necessity
for development is to link up the Stann
Creek-Middlesex road to join the Belize-
Cayo road, and also to carry a road from
Middlesex across the Maya Mountains to
Punta (orda to open up for development
what so many of the old settlers consider will
be the most prosperous and the most fertile
area of the Colony.
Three times a week a motor bus service
operates between Belize and Corozal.
A small coastal motor vessel makes a
journey from Belize to Corozal twice a week.
A cabin motor vessel also leaves Belize for
Stann Creek and Punta Gorda twice weekly.
An aeroplane service, British West Indies
Airways, leaves for Kingston, Jamaica, each
week. The journey takes about four hours.
Freighters of the Harrison Line call at
Belize, and there is a steamship service to
Jamaica.
A large proportion of the inland freight
and passenger traffic is carried along the
numerous waterways in motor driven boats
and in dug-outs.





All five districts have


beautiful

BELIZE DISTRICT. In and around the
Manatee Mountains and Manatee Lagoon
(eight miles long), the scenery is beautiful and
even the low-lying northern half has its
beauty spots.
The main industry (excluding those of the
Capital) is agriculture. Some mahogany cut-
ting is carried on. but the district is now
badly cut over. Some pine saw-milling is
done.
CAYO DISTRICT. In this District there
is some of the most beautiful scenery in the
Colony. A trip in a dory on the Belize River
above Cayo. will keep one interested and
amazed at the magnificent hush and forest
scenery. The county is hilly, from 400( to
3,000 feet above sea level.
Main industries.--Chicle gum, mahogany
and other woods, maize, dairy and stock
raising.
NORTHERN DISI'RICT. In this area.
one logging company owns over one million
acres, the soil is in the main of great inherent
fertility and is amongst those which appear
most suitable for agricultural exploitation.
Very good citrus appears to grow here and
sugar cane is a very suitable crop: also good
pasture and fodder areas: the sugar-cane top
fodder during the dry season could materially
assist in establishing local stock and dairy
industries.
STANN CREEK. This ferile valley is
now the centre of the Colonv's citrus industry.
Notwithstanding this, large areas appear to
be hardly cultivated at all or cultivated at a
low level. The soil here is capable of'
growing coconuts, cacao, bananas, sugar-
cane, citrus, rice, pineapples, cassava and a
wide range of other products.
At Stann Creek, a large fruit factory is
operating with modern cleaning, treating,
pulping and canning machinery. The soil
of the valley is peculiarly suited to grape
fruit cultivation and grape fruit shipped to
England has won the highest awards at
Exhibitions.


scenery


Stretching the chicle, the chewing-gum base, as it
begins to set. Hoppe.
Other industries in the district are coco-
nuts, coconut oil. cassava and cassava starch,
mahogany, pine lumber, cattle raising and
rice. Three pine lumber sawmills are
operating.
An ambitious 'To\n Development Scheme
is under consideration.
TOLEDO DISTRICT. The major portion
ol' the country is hilly, up to 3,00) feet above
sea level.
The coast is rugged and there are several
potential deep water port sites. Because of
its lack of roads and communication with
olher parts of the Colony, being entirely
dependent on sea transportation, this district
is even less developed than the other
districts, hut when opened up
will, no doubt, be the most prosperous
area of the Colony.
Main Industries. Mahogany, pine lum-
ber. cohune nuts. brown sugar, maize and
rice.






WHAT THE COLONY CAN


PRODUCE


CITRUS
The Colony's grape fruit is just as good,
and in most instances a great deal superior
to that produced anywhere in the world.
The orange juice is superior to any in the
West Indies. Lemon juice is as good as the
best. The tangerines are far bigger and
juicier than the writer has seen anywhere
else.
PINEAPPLES
A very good grade of pineapple can be
grown in the Colony, and as the pineapple
matures during the citrus off-season the can-
ning factory, with minor alterations, could no
doubt be utilised for juice and canning, if
sufficient quantity was grown in the Colony
provided that an assured market could be
obtained.
COCONUTS
At the present time, coconut production in
the Colony is around six million nuts a year.
No fertilisers are being used. but some
growers claim tests made by them. in the use
of fertilisers, have increased their yield 100
per cent.
BANANAS
Were formerly an important export, but
this was ruined by the Panama and Leaf
Spot diseases. However, the immune
varieties, Lacatan and Robusta, which are
disease resisting, could be grown there, and
it is understood that at an early date. large
plantations of these varieties will be laid
down.
PAW- PAW
Paw-Paw grows very abundantly in the
Colony. Paw-Paw is just beginning to be
recognized in the U.S.A. as a fruit which has
a high digestive quality, and good export
sales could be built up with New Orleans for
deep frozen, dark red fleshed Paw-Paw cut
into one inch cubes.
A report received from East Africa was


that Paw-Paw grown as a shade for coffee
had become so profitable, by export to the
U.S.A., that legislation had to be enforced to
prevent land needed for essential food pro-
duction being used to grow Paw-Paw.
TOMATOES
An excellent grade of tomatoes can be
grown in the Colony. Tomatoes can be
grown to maturity in December, January and
February. This is the off-season in New
Orleans, U.S.A.
SUGAR
Sugar cane grows most luxuriantly in the
Northern District and in the Toledo District.
with little or no cultivation, due to the heavy
rainfall and a very fertile soil. The Northern
District alone, has an area of good sugar
producing land three times the size of
Barbados.
It is not generally known that the Colony
was at one time the principal supplier of
sugar to Britain. The sugar is considered to
be sweeter than that of Barbados. Provided
the Colony could be granted a share in the
United Kingdom sugar allocation, these areas
could be developed, with the installation of
modern machinery, to produce refined sugar.

MAIZE AND RICE
The Colony should be able to produce not
only sufficient for its own use of maize, beans
and rice, but an exportable surplus to
Jamaica, where a ready market could be
found.
SWEET POTATOES
Sweet potatoes, potatoes, onions, cabbages
and root crops grow very well in the Colony
and a good Colony home market can be
found for these commodities.
LIMA BEANS
The demand in the U.S.A. for the baby"
variety of Lima beans far exceeds their own
supply and markets could be developed for
this product.





CACAO
On account of the heavy and extended
rainfall in the Toledo area, the growing of
cacao could be made highly profitable as an
export cash crop.
COHUNE NUTS
The cohune tree seems to grow wild all
over the Colony. The nuts hang down from
the tree in large clusters. The kernel yields
a high grade oil excellent for margarine, soap
or cooking purposes. Production of oil from
this source has been held back by the diffi-
culty that the shell is nine times the weight
of the nut and is very hard, but successful
machinery has been developed to crack the
nut. Recent experiments have been taking
place with very likely success for the use of
the empty nut in hardening plastics and
linoleum.
GROUND NUTS
While no records are available of yields,
the statements made by some farmers, who
have experimented with ground nuts in the
pine ridge soils of the Belize District, give
reason to believe that they can be grown
successfully on such soils.
SESAME
Sesame grows freely in most parts of the
Colony. No records are available of the
yield, nor is it known whether the variety
grown is the variety most desired com-
mercially. In Canada and Britain there is
an acute shortage of the oil yielded by this
seed. and at the price now being offered it
would be worth investigation by any
prospective cultivator.
ABACA
A few Abaca trees are growing at the Agri-
cultural Station at Stann Creek and it is ex-
tensively cultivated in Panama and in the
Republic of Honduras, and, 1 have been
informed, could be successfully developed in
the Colony. With the existing short supply
of hemp and other fibres, the possibility of
a market in Britain could be investigated.
CASHEW NUTS
There are several Cashew groves through-
out the Colony which are not worked
because of the difficulty of extracting the
seeds by hand.


TURPENTINE
There are large tracts of pine lands in the
Colony and the world shortage of turpentine
should make the development of this industry
profitable.
TOBACCO
Tobacco is at present being grown in the
Cayo District. I saw some very fine experi-
mental Sumatra plants at the Government
Experimental Station at Orange Walk, and
was informed that the soil seemed very
suitable for their growth. It was considered
that a high grade Sumatra leaf could be
grown especially on the "Pomona" lands
at Stann Creek.
CASSAVA
Cassava has been grown in the Colony
from the time of the Maya, and there is no
doubt that large areas of the Colony could
grow Cassava abundant in root, especially in
the Stann Creek District. In view of the
hundred and one commercial uses that
cassava starch has, including mucilage, and
that the major portion of cassava starch is
now being purchased by Britain from the
hard currency areas, it would seem that large
scale cultivation would be highly 'beneficial,
LIVESTOCK
Dairy cattle, pigs, turkeys, fowls, eggs.
With large areas capable of carrying stock,
and judging from the quantity imported in
1946. it would seem that a large home market
is assured for beef and pork, hams and
bacon, milk, butter and cheese, fowls and
eggs. Turkey farms would seem to have an
ideal setting and throughout the Colony
everybody seems to keep some turkeys.
Given refrigeration ships, the British Christ-
mas turkey trade could be catered for.
It is estimated that to meet the present
population's supply an additional two
thousand head of cattle is required for meat
purposes: a further two thousand five hun-
dred for dairy purposes, and ten thousand
more pigs per year. In addition, large scale
poultry farms would seem to offer good
possibilities.
Market gardening, providing it was carried
out within easy reach of Belize, might also
be a good proposition.






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AAS'n RT Port ......................
Aimtarip ..................
sco lIPines Coconut ...................
SMahogany................
c a Much land for sale......0
', / TERRITORY IDEAL FOR;-
So, Chicle...................
Cocoa .................... 0
S t. Placienta Coffee..................
Cohune Nuts ...........
/ Dairy Cattle...........O
Nlokey Rier Grapefruit a Citrus......
Pineapple ..............
Sugar Cane...........
Tobacco ................<



deep tvnr pie)






Opportunities abound for men


of enterprise


With the opening and development of the
bush country, splendid openings should exist
for Agricultural Contractors who, with bull-
dozers and heavy land clearing equipment,
could economically clear the land for settlers
and farmers. Wheelwrights and blacksmiths
should also find good openings.
With the extension of animal husbandry, a
processing factory for beef and pork would
be needed. In addition, an abattoir and large
refrigeration plant, together with a hammer-
mill to utilise the bones and other parts for
the production of concentrates and fertilisers
is wanted; also a fellmongery.
Dairy development will necessitate a col-
lecting and retail distribution of milk. and
factory creamery for production of cheese
and butter.


Carib woman cutting bananas with a machete.
Exclusive News Agency.


A bacon factory for the curing of ham and
bacon should not be overlooked.
Additional canning factories to deal with
citrus, pineapples, tomatoes and other soft
produce.
A modern essential oils factory for mar-
garine, compound lard and soaps is badly
needed, in addition to the existing factories;
also a modern sugar factory with refining
plant. Jam and pickle factories open
another possibility.
Development of abaca and ramlie for the
production of ropes, sails and materials.
Extraction of the extensive gypsum
deposits that exist along the Belize River
and the manufacture of ceiling board.
Manufacture of high class plywood.
Manufacture of turpentine, which is not
done successfully at the moment in the
Colony.
Manufacture of furniture in component
part. to be assembled at the export end.
In the Colony are about two hundred
different kinds of hardwoods including the
beautiful Santa Maria and other woods of
an exotic nature. These woods are in great
demand for furniture, carving and fancy
woodwork in the U.S.A. and Canada and
there is little likelihood of this market being
saturated.
A sawmill well equipped with modern
machinery to turn out mass produced dwell-
ing houses. The majority of the residences
in the Colony are built of wood.
Bricks and tiles. Samples of clay from the
Pine Ridge have already been analysed and
pronounced suitable.
The difficulty of obtaining roofing material
in the Colony to-day should not be over-
looked.
A great need is a cement factory.
Building. A good opening would appear
to exist for good builders. The need for
efficient housing estates is apparent.





























Rounding up cattle on the well-known Never Delay ranch on the Belize river.


Openings also exist with plentiful supply
of materials for broom, mat and basket
making.
Tortoise Shell. There is a good supply
from the local hawksbill turtle, of which the
shell is particularly beautiful, and with good
artistry, articles of a good quality should find
a good home and export demand.
Two or three moderately sized hotels are
badly needed. Better class housing accom-
modation is very short in Belize, such hotels
as well as smaller guest houses, would be
certain of a number of resident guests as well
as tourists, government officials, commercial
travellers and residents coming to Belize
from the out-districts.
In Belize there is undoubtedly a great
number of openings in business for first
class, highly skilled artisans and trades-
people. Such people thinking of coming to
the Colony to set up in business should have
ample capital behind them.
Newspapers. A splendid opening exists
for a good newspaper. The only daily
published in the Colony is a small one-sheet Chiclero tapping a Sapodilla tree for the chicle.
evening paper. Hoppe.
13


Exclusive News Agency.






Colony's heavy imports could


be stopped


Imported into British Honduras during
1946 were:--
Sugar, 21,200 cwts; Margarine, 190,512
lbs.; Compound lard, 484.624 lbs.; Soaps.
922.208 lbs.; Candles. 124.544 lbs.; Coconuts,
212.217; Copra, 17,527 lbs.; Cattle, 1,263;


Loading freshly-picked grapefruit ready for the
,factory. Hoppe.


A maternity nurse with a 5 day old baby in
Belize Hospital. Hoppe.


Pickled Pork. 483,304 lbs.; Lard-chicarron,
1.443 cwts.: Hams and Bacon. 812 cwts.;
Meat canned, 200,000 lbs.; Meat pickled,
114,464 Ibs. wet, 57,232 lbs, dry; Sweetened
Milk, 1.534,288 lbs.; Unsweetened Milk,
798,784 lbs.; Dried Milk, 37.936 lbs.; Butter,
182,448 lbs.: Cheese. 96.856 lbs.; Tobacco,
5,980 Ibs; Cigarettes, 27,243 Ibs.: Jam and
Jellies, 372 cwt.: Preserves, 1.787 cwts.;
Fruits canned and bottled, 739 cwts.; Pickles.
254 cwts.; Vinegar, 6,645 gallons; Poultry,
2.131; Eggs. 4,981 dozen; Maize. 133.952
lbs.: Rice. 3,465.744 lbs.; Beans and Peas,
1,122,688 lbs.; Cereals. 1,587 cwts.; Tapioca.
Macaroni, 212 cwts.; Wheat Flour, 39,724
cwts.: Vegetables, fresh, 681 cwts.: Veget-
ables canned. 1,420 cwts.: Onions, 3,570
cwts.; Garlic. 79 lbs.; Potatoes, 600,824 Ibs.;
Fish dried, 4 cwts.; Fish canned. 319 cwts.;
Syrup Flavouring, 1,770 cwts.; Coffee, 1.112
cwts.; Fruits fresh, 1,768 cwts.; Fruit dried,
713 cwts.; Nuts. 1.110 cwts.: Spices. 354
cwts.; Rum, 520 gallons; Beer, 46,541 gal-
lons; Bricks and Tiles, 68 million.
The cost of these imports from the hard
currency U.S.A. was 1,496,277 dollars, from
Canada, 901,011 dollars and from the soft
currency area, 259,017 dollars.
Practically all of these commodities could
have been grown in the Colony, on approxi-
mately 26.000 acres, and would have given
employment to about 10.000 people.
The total area of the Colony is 5.674.8(X0
acres. Of this acreage approximately 31 per
cent or about 200,000 acres are under
cultivation for agriculture.
The imports for May, 1948, were 431,128
dollars and exports 251,447 dollars.
In 1947, over .;428 millions' worth of timb-
er was imported into Britain. 92%' of that
sum was spent in foreign and hard currency
areas, only per cent. of this was purchased
from the West Indies. In British Honduras
it is estimated there are ten million cubic feet
of pine. From January to May, 1948. only
42,907 cubic feet were exported from the
Colony to Britain.
























The tiny islet of Sergeants Cay is just big enough fortwo houses like this one.


Thousands of


acres


could be


developed immediately


The following acreage on the main roads
and the feeder roads are immediately
available for development:-
Northern District ... 174.100 acres
Belize District ... ... 73,900
Cayo District ... 116,200
Stann Creek District ... 33,000
Toledo District ... ... 105,481
making a total of 502,681 available for
immediate agricultural development.
To quote one district alone, the Stann
Creek District, the citrus cultivation in the
Stann Creek Valley is at present 950 acres,
from which is shipped 100,000--150,000
cases of manufactured can juice; it is
estimated with the construction of the road
from Middlesex to Belize-Cayo road with
short feeder roads, a further 35,000 acres can
be developed,-
Citrus 10,000 acres, Pineapples 5,000 acres,
Sugar 10,000 acres. Abaca 5.000 acres.
Cattle rearing 2,000 acres, Cassava 3,000
acres.


Thcse ten thousand acres of citrus could
carry : -
3,000 acres grape fruit.
5.000 acres oranges.
2,000 acres lemons.
and produce one million cases grape fruit
juice or fresh fruit, a million cases of orange
juice or fresh fruit and a quarter of a million
cases of lemon juice or fresh fruit.
Of the 500,000 odd acres available for
development, it is estimated one tenth only
would be required to meet the Colony's home
needs and the remainder, if a market could
be guaranteed, bring some of the much
needed food to the British people.
To the business man of vision, energy and
determination, there are great possibilities
here. To the farmer from Britain, notwith-
standing different conditions of climate and
crops, there is unlimited scope for ambition.
It is safe to say that nowhere else in the
world can such fertile acres be purchased for
so very little.


Hoppe.



























Motor boats.] on the
Life in Br h river in Belize
Life In ts Exclusive News Agency.


Honduras illustrated


* '*E :~


Control tower Stanley Field, Belize airport. Hoppe.


Eating Tortilla.


Hoppe.











































By the beautiful Lagoon in Placentia Bay. Hoppe


Two tractors hauling mahogany logs out of the bush inland in British Honduras.
Two tractors haul ng mahogony logs out of the bush inland in British Honduras Hpe


Hoppe.
17


John Ely, a veteran canoe-maker at work. Hoppe.






Cheap fertile land offers

unlimited scope


My impressions were that peop
colony are just beginning to get deve
minded, without quite knowing how
to go about it, and with this new g
mind, the Colony will not be long
also becomes agricultural-minded a
that takes place, a large increase
prices is sure to set in. It is fairly
say that any land taken up at to-da
and developed, will at a future dal
handsome profit, if the cultivator
realise.
The next five years are going
great importance to the Colony a
certain a great deal of development
place. Given regular good refrigera
to Britain, main roads within the (
outlined, and feeder roads from
roads. the Colony will make rapid s
From. enquiries made it would
to earn 1,000 nett a year, a sett
have to cultivate 400 acres. Havir
his land, the virgin bush, or
(reverted bush), would have
cleared, also a bungalow built. T
would have to plan for a year withoi
but in practice a catch crop would
be sold off some of the land by tl
the twelve months. Moreover,
penses could be kept low by p
vegetable garden and buying a cos
keeping turkeys and chickens.
A first year's budget might be :-
Initial purchase of land 400 acres
Building a bungalow ...
One year's wages for six native
labourers
Allowance for own food and living
expenses ...
Ploughs, Tools, etc ...
Reserve Fund ......


Yields of the principal crops per
to be approximately as follows: M
lbs. acre; Rice 1,000 lbs. acre;
3,000 nuts per acre: Grape fruit 10
18


le in the 90 lbs. each per acre; Sugar Cane 15 tons per
elopment- acre; yielding I to I tons of refined sugar.
they are With 3,000 to invest, a lot of hard work,
growth of common sense and enthusiasm, a settler could
before it quickly get his acreage established.
nd when 1 found the population very hospitable and
in land friendly and any reasonable person could fit
y safe to in and quickly create a social circle of
y's prices friends. After the first year of home sickness
te show a has worn off, settlers soon become rooted in
deems to the Colony, like so many Britishers I met
there, who had lived there for years and
to be of would not dream of leaving the country
nd I feel which they had found so interesting and
will take fascinating.
tion ships The currency is the British Honduras
Colony as dollar; this dollar is in the sterling area and
the main capital from Britain can be transferred freely
trides, through a Bank.
seem that There is a land tax of l1d. per acre per
ler would year. Income Tax is payable at percentage
g bought rates on chargeable income. On the first
"Uamil' 1,000 dollars 5 per cent is paid, on the next
to be 500 dollars 6 per cent., on the next 500
'he settler dollars 7 per cent., on the next 1,000 dollars
ut income. 8 per cent., on the next 1.000 dollars 9 per
probably cent., on the next 1,000 dollars 10 per cent.
he end of The scale rises to a maximum of 40 per
living ex- cent., payable on incomes about 35,000
wanting a dollars a year.
w, and by Estate duty is payable on all estates ex-
ceeding 100 dollars in value. From 100 to
500 dollars duty 1 per cent., from 500 to
Sterling. 2,000 dollars duty 1.5 per cent., from 2,000
400 to 4,000 dollars duty 2 per cent. The rate
700 increases to a maximum of 15 per cent.
National Business Agency (West Indies),
500 Ltd., has a branch in British Honduras, and
has a good list of land, properties, industrial
200 businesses and partnerships for disposal.
200 The Branch Manager in the Colony is in
1,000 weekly contact and sends a full report of
market conditions, prices and other vital
3,000 information each week to the Overseas Dept.,
National Business Agency, Ltd., 63/64,
acre seem Gracechurch Street, London; E.C.3, where
:aize 1,000 any further information on the Colony, oi
Coconuts list of properties, etc., for sale, may be
0 boxes of obtained.






for complete


-TRINIDAD


TOBAGO BRITISH GUIANA BARBADOES
WINDWARD and LEEWARD ISLANDS


consult


NATIONAL BUSINESS AGENCY (TRINIDAD) LTD.
Head Office: 38 Frederick Street, Port of Spain,
TRINIDAD.


Branch Offices:


Trinidad, Port of Spain and
San Fernando also at Tobago
BarbadoeM. Grenada &a St. Lucia.


(additional Branches will shortly be opened in British Guiana,
St. Vincent. Dominica. Antiqua and St. Kitts).




Lists of PROPERTIES, PLANTATIONS, RESIDENCES, HOTELS,

BUSINESSES, PARTNERSHIPS, INVESTMENTS for sale, always available.




Agents in Britain :
NATIONAL BUSINESS AGENCY LTD.
Overseas Dept.,
63-64, Gracechurch Street,
London, E.C.3.


from whom lists can be obtained and any further information supplied.


Rea-l Estate


service







NATIONAL BUSINESS AGENCY LTD.
Head Office: 36, Eastcheap, London, E.C.3.


and over one hundred branches in all the principal towns of Gt. Britain.






For


Butines-aes notel. Factorles
Partnerships Propertr- Inve.stments


consult


BRITAIN'S

LARGEST

BUSINESS

TRANSFER SPECIALISTS





Malem now average over five million peand ,yearly


Printed by MAMroN Puss, Dil'- Davidge Sreet, Londom S.E.I.




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