REPORT OF FO.1ESTRY COUMITTEE*F.F.W.C.
This committee consists of the following;- Mrs A.R.Harper,Gainesville,
.rs John Gifford,Cocoanut Gr'vo
Mrs W'. Summer, Jax.
Ors J.O. right, Chairman.
Since the committee was formed, I have given the matter considerable
thought, with a viewv of determining the irost practical 'work to take up
at the present time.
The subject of ForeStry is a very comprehensive one,and presents
a griat many phases for consideration- some of which a-re of a practical
character,.vhile others are not suited to the present state of develope-
ent of Florida.
Jebster defines Forestry as "The art of developeinfg, or managing
forests". In the settlement of the timbered section,the first and
most important work is to get rid of the trees,so as to prepare the
land for occupancy and cultivation. withoutt this destruction of the
original forest,there could be no homes or civilization in the wooded
portions of our country. Just how far this work should proceed,without
the intervention of civil authority,is a matter not easily determined.
'here timbered land is owned by the Federal Government,or by the
-'tate,the manner of its removal should recieve early consideration;but
.where the lands are owned by corporations or individuals,a different
policy must necessarily ensue.
The Constitution of the United Ctates guarantees to all persons
the right to acquire and hold private property,and such persons cannot
be deprived oJ.' thi- property(including forests)without due process/
of Law -neither can private property be taken for public use without
just compensation. This bein6 the fundamental law of the land, any
action the Wom'ns Club desire to take relating to tWe forests of the
State,must be in harmony with this law.
The first work of the Comittee on Forestry therefor,should be
to ascertain from the proper authorities,the amount and location of any
timbered land in the state,held by the Federal Government or by the
state of Florida. We shall then be in a position to determine what
provisions should be recommended and urged for the protection and
Conservation of the public timbered land in the state.
Our ne:.t important work is to inaugurate and foster an educa-
tional cafmpain,urging upon the owners of private timbered lands,the
importance of caring for,and cutting this timber in accordance with
the well established rules of Forestry. This can be done by public
lectures,articals in the press, moving pictures,and- by the personal
efforts of the individual members of this Forestr Committee and of
the F.F.'.'.C In this connection, I woul suggest that a reqIuest be
-sent the Agricultural Depart:;rent at ,ashington for une of their "
"Special Lantern Slide S;ets" .These sets are prepared by the Forest
Service of the U.S.Cov't.and relate to General Forestry, and to
Nature Study ae--orl-t 'ry, :~-.ual TraininG and_~L esy, otany and
F'Q_,-stry,and iAgriculture a :d flener y-they consist of colored lantern-
slides and have been prepared for educational use. iach set is accom-
panied by a syllabus zor a lectureuand I am sure that our Forestry
work would d recieve a nea impetus from both pictures a d slides,bein
sent over our state, where each club could have the adJ/antu.e of seeing
and hearing ..hat our e/~l/l Government experts have prepared on the
- I I I
An effort should be made to induce the Legislature of the State to
employ a State Forestor at public expense,to advise with the holders
of timbered lands as to the best method of cutting timber and pro -
tectin6 the standin-g trees.A competent Forestor could render! valuable
$/.Jyj$ service in discovering and introducing new uses for our
a.iste Timber Products.The fibres and grasses of our State can be
utilized for Basketry and many pooridle girls given employment,if
some generous citizen would d Aid us in securing a teacher who was
competent to instruct the:<, in the art of .,:akinng baskets, In Asheville,
N.C.such a work is being carried on extensively,giving employment
to many poor ,irls.Startn6 first as a class in the Episcopal church
with one teacher, the work was so successfully carried on,that i-rs
Vanderbilt ws-1sk-.4-t invelt'i~a e-itand this meant that she was
,oing to help them.She spent valuable time and great deal of money
r enlar-g the wvork, and today it stands one of the broadest and best
cliarities in hat locality,The ,iris supply hundreds of tourists
with baskets occpi p building of .U~ own,and make a neat living,
frr th.ee.. p'-hntainirls, 'hy could .not Florida secure such
employment for our incori,,ible ,irls?uihat better w'ork,to subdue their
evil tend:rcies '.han tli.l i(,dutstry?"- ,tan finds Visc!'L.i .. idle
hands"but with this fascinating / /basket work to keep them busy,
these _irls aoi.ld h..ve some higher incentive-some better purpose
The ijXfl ^/protection and planting of suitable trees for
shad o,.rnamentation alone, the public roads and in public Lrioun.1j
should be urogd upon County Commissiuoners and other public officials.
Towns and villages ..here timber is yet plentiful should be
urged to acquire and hild tracts of timber land for. publicc Parks.
Where the original forests have been destroyed,tree planting
and cultivation should be encourl.ed.In the early days in ashingrton
City, small tracts of land in different parts of the city, were held
for parks, and today these parks are among. the chief beauties of the
National Capitol.(We have no George 'Vashington nor LSnfant,but we
have the land to make beautiful parks,if we only secure it as they
did,before it is too late.)
In California the Forestry Department has for years, )oen
planting, trees along the highways and this year has planted roc:e bu.shes
Ir -retrel along 200 miles of road;,,making them perfect bowers
of roses. Along one piece of highly develop roadway a e 50,000 rose
bushes embracing 50 varieties. Imagine the beauty of such a highway!
1iy can not Florida,"The land of flowers" utilize 'the beauti-
ful Cherokee rose ahich gross wild, i;L such profusudn,.n this way,?
Leading citizens of the different counties might contribute small
sums and this, together with direct taxation,would provide means to
carry out this idea.
In Australia,the Forestry Department has done ruch good A-ork
in rearing trees for distribution,conserving the supplies of native
timber,and in introducing to the state a number of varieties of trees
which produce marketable timber.And so,not only in our own dear country
but all over the broad land, the people are awakening to the fact
that trees- forests- are a most valuable asset. Right here in our
own State, in Ocala,. the ho;ie of our former President of oi:ens Clubs,
they have bought anm set out ] trees along the public ;tig;hvay,and
also planted rose bushes;thus carrying out a sell formulate: plan for
boautifying their road;ays,wahi~h I very much .esire to see imitated
by other clubs in the state.
My plan is this;- That each member of the F////00Forestry Com.
of the F.F.W.C. consider herself a committee of one ':1 pledge herself
to use her very best efforts towards influencing the Legislators and
/$County Commissioners to work with us for the Conservation of our
Forests-the Beautifying of our / public IHighwaysT-the urgent need of
a State Forestor,and for the setting aside for all time, of tracts
of land,to be kept and utilized for ParX purposes. By diligently
and tactfully using our best efforts.to this end-by writing or
talking intelligently to the Legislators and County Commissioners
we can accomplish wonders.In our state,so rich in Natures beauties,
our public highways might be made perfect $/Obowers of beauty and
at very small expense. 'ith the many varieties of trees iu our forests,
there should be such roads thru our country as would call forth the
admiration of all who come into -he State which admiration will even-
tually, lead to the.admirers becoming purchasers of t o land,and
home makers in our state.
"Proarastination is the theif of time"-so let us put our
hearts and minds and energies into this work of saving our forests,
utilizing our waste recourses and beautifying our roadways-for these
all lead to one great ~ood-tA"up.uilding and developei.w of the State.-
February 8th.1915. F.F.'.*C.