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Finding Guide: A Guide to the James Edmundson Ingraham Papers
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Subject: Ingraham, James Edmundson, 1850-1924.
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Full Text






THE FLORIDA MAGAZINE SECTION



Who's Who in Florida

Interesting -Facts About Men and Women Who Are Doing Things


ROP in at the office of the vice president
of the Florida East Coast Railway in
charge of lands and industries sometime
when you are in St. Augustine and if
his time isn't already taken up for the
day you may have an opportunity to meet a quiet,
courtly and dignified gentleman whom you would
little suspect once tramped through marsh and
swamp from Ft. Myers to Ft. Dallis, (now Miami)
across many weary miles of tractless Everglades
never before traveled by white man.
You would never imagine that this man, genial
and pleasant, with nothing to remark of in the
way of physique, had once voluntarily undertaken
and completed a hike that would make the huski-
est member of the American Expeditionary Forces
hesitate, in order to learn more of the boundless
resources of a section of Florida that up to the
time of this achievement was marked "unex-
plored" in our school geography maps.
Measured by his exploits during his forty-seven
years of service in this State James E. Ingraham,
of St. Augustine, is in our opinion entitled to be
known as the first Floridian among the living.
The story of the actual service performed for
Florida by Mr. Ingraham together with the vast
works of the immortal Flagler with whom he was
associated for so many years, reads like fiction.
Henry M. Flagler possessed both means and vision
that is given to few men. J. E. Ingraham was
also endowed with vision and plenty of energy,
determination and the ability to accomplish. It
is Florida's good fortune that these two men were
brought together.
James E. Ingraham was born at Green Bay,
Wisconsin, seventy-two years ago. He married
in St. Louis in 1872 and he and his gocJ wife with
their son and daughter celebrated their golden
wedding anniversary at St. Augustine last sum-
mer.
Coming to Florida in 1874 Mr. Ingraham first
located near Tallahassee where for a time he
taught school, having himself been educated in
Racine College, Racine, Wisconsin.
In 1875 Mr. Ingraham moved to Sanford where
he took charge of a large general store owned by
General Henry S. Sanford, later becoming general
agent for General Sanford's interests in Florida
which included a small line of railroad that- after-
wards became the South Florida Railroad with
Mr. Ingraham as president. The first line ran
from Sanford to Kissimmee but after a short time
it was extended to Tampa connecting with Plant
steamships for Cuba, completing a through rail
and water line from New York to Havana.
Mr. Ingraham was connected with this road and
associated with Henry B. Plant until 1892 when
he led the famous expedition across the then un-
explored Everglades of Florida. Up to this time
no white man had ever undertaken to penetrate
the glades to any extent south of Lake Okee-
chobee. There were no United States Govern-
ment surveys covering this vast section and the
only knowledge of it, which was vague and in-
definite, in possession of the outside world came
from the Seminole Indians.
Mr. Ingraham was curious about this unknown
country. He thought it should be explored so he
set out, accompanied by a few companions, to do
the job. In the party were S. O. Chase, of San-
ford, W. R. Moses, of Ft. Pierce, J. H. Newman,
a civil engineer, and a few others.
The start was made from Ft. Myers which was
little more at that time than the name implies
and a course was set for Ft. Dallis on the site
of the present city of Miami. The expedition
planned to make the trip
in nine days and carried ,-- - -. .------- -- --
supplies for twelve
days.
They made good prog-
ress until almost impass-
able marshes and im-
penetrable forests were
encountered. Days passed --
with but few miles cov-
ered until finally their t
food supply became so
alarmingly low that it
was carefully rationed
until it was exhausted.
The members of the ex-
pedition were 'about in -
the same condition but
they stuck' to the job .-' :-:. -
though they were near to -V
starvation for days and -
finally after three weeks ;-IT, --
of gruelling hardship,
reached Ft. Dallis where Long Key


JAMES E. INGRAHAM


,,,,, .....,.,,,, ,,,,,,,,,, ,,,, ,,,,,, ,........... . . ........ ,... ,,,,,, -


IHE average man would never have round-
ed out the record of accomplishment in
the upbuilding and developing of his
State that old timers know belongs to James
E. Ingraham; but of course those who know
him will agree with the writer that Mr. In-
graham's work throughout his forty-seven
years of residence in Florida has shown him
to be far above the average. There is no
question but what in value of his services to
the East Coast section he ranks second only
to Henry M. Flagler and without a doubt he
is the dean of the constructive builders of
this State living today.-EDITOR.


they were very warmly welcomed and well fed.
As soon as possible thereafter Mr. Ingraham
made an extensive written report of the trip, and
the country passed through, to Mr. Plant. Henry
M. Flagler, a director of the Plant System and
owner of the Jacksonville, St. Augustine and
Halifax River Railroad, running from Jackson-
ville to Daytona, asked to see a copy of this re-
port and being much impressed by the author's
description of the lower East Coast as well as
his apparent vision and ability, induced Mr. In-
graham to become general agent for his road to
assist in carrying, out plans, based to a great
extent upon thisinformation, to transform the
lower East Coast, then a wilderness, into the na-
tion's best known winter resort section, now fa-
mous the world over.
The Flagler railroad was extended from Day-
tona to Palm Beach in 1894 and on to Miami in
1896. Later it was built to Homestead and in


S *,4 ... .. ..


Viaduct on the Key West Extension of the Florida E


11111111111111111(1111111111111111111111


I I I


1904 the first survey was made to extend the line
overseas to Key West.
Many of our readers are familiar with the fa-
mous Key West extension of the Florida East
Coast Railway. There is nothing parallel to it
from an engineering standpoint anywhere in the
world. Leaving the mainland of Florida at a
point about twenty miles south of Homestead the
line extends for one hundred and twenty-eight
miles to Key West connecting a string of Florida
keys by means of a series of steel and concrete
viaducts. Take a look at the map and you will
see that a large part of this line is. exposed to the
open sea on both sides. The longest viaduct at
Long Key is seven miles in length while others
range from a fraction of a mile to two or three
miles long. The construction of this extension
was costly and hazardous owing to the exposure
of the work to tropical storms. Interruptions
from this source did not occur often but when
they did occur the results were generally more
or less serious. J. C. Meredith was the engineer
in charge of the work at the beginning and until
it was well along, when he died and was succeed-
ed by his assistant, W. J. Krome, who finished
the job.
Beginning in 1908 trains were run to Knight's
Key dock over half the distance from the main-
land to Key West where they connected with
steamers for Havana. January 22nd, 1912, the
first train went over the entire extension into Key
West and the great undertaking was. done.
It is doubtful if J. E. Ingraham realizes today
the full extent of his responsibility in the de-
velopment of the lower East Coast and the build-
ing of the Key West extension. Had he never
visited Miami and made the glowing report of
the lower East Coast section which so interested
Mr. Flagler it is a question whether or not that
financial genius would ever have become inter-
ested in some other way. Certainly Mr. In-
graham's report had a great influence upon Mr.
Flagler and Mr. Ingraham's vision of the future
East Coast and the great possibilities that would
result from its development undoubtedly impressed
the great financier. It isn't likely that anyone
attempted to persuade Mr. Flagler to build the
Key West extension as the very idea when first
suggested was simply appalling in its magnitude,
however, it is reasonable to assume that Key
West would have no railroad today had Henry
M. Flagler not first been interested in extending
his line of railroad to the lower East Coast.
A few years ago Florida East Coast officials
decided to ferry freight trains from Key West
to Havana and the first big ocean-going ferry,
The Henry M. Flagler, was built for this service.
This undertaking was so successful and the de-
mand upon the one boat so heavy that a short
time later another ferry, The Joseph R. Parrot.
named for another of Mr. Flagler's trusted lieu-
tenants who was president of the railroad during
the construction of the Key West extension and
whose death came a short time after that of his
chief, was built and placed in service. These
boats have a capacity of something like fifty
freight cars each and do an enormous business
as the freight traffic of the Florida East Coast
Rairload from all parts of the nation to Cuba
has naturally developed very rapidly as a result
of the superior facilities for handling it.
About 1899 the Flagler railroad was named
the Florida East Coast Railroad and Mr. In-
graham was its first general agent, later becom-
ing land commissioner and in May, 1897, he be-
came third vice president. In 1908 he became
vice president in charge
of lands and industries,
which position he still
holds. Several different
organizations look after
the land interests of the
Flagler estate in Florida
including the Model Land
Company, Okeechobee
Company, Chulota Com-
pany and the Perrine
Grant Land Company.
Mr. Ingraham is presi-
dent of each of these
companies and the direct-
ing head. He is also a
director of the Florida
East Coast Hotel Com-
pany which operates the
famous line of coast ho-
tels including the Ponce
de Leon and Alcazar at
St. Augustine, Hotel
nuast Coast Railway (Continued on page 12)


i (


- ~tk~











THE FLORIDA MAGAZINE SECTION


Who's Who in Florida
(Continued from page 6)


"IFIorII!!!!i d111111111111111111!iiiii lini nfl1!!1!1lll 1



I Florid;


Ormond at Ormond Beach, the Royal
Poinciana and The Breakers at Palm
Beach, the Royal Palm in Miami and
the Casa Marina at Key West, the
most palatial line of resort hotels op-
erated anywhere in the world.
Mr. Ingraham's home is in St. Au-
gustine where he is held in the highest
esteem. He was the first mayor of
the city under the commission form of
government serving his city in this
capacity for three consecutive terms.
He also served as president of the St.
Augustine Board of Trade and for
rhany years was vice president of the
First National Bank of St. Augustine,
the oldest national bank in Florida.
He is still a. director of this institu-
tion.
J. E. Ingraham has never allowed
his efforts to push the agricultural de-
velopment of Florida to slacken for a
moment since he got into the harness
years ago. In this respect it is prob-
able that he: has actually done more
for Florida than any other one man.
He has always been a great believer
in Florida's resources for live stock
farming which the following from an
issue of The Farmer and Stockman
several months ago, published at Jack-
sonville, will testify:
"Few men in America today have a
record of accomplishment back of them
that will equal that of J. E. Ingraham.
Certainly no one man has been as im-
portant a factor in putting over the
idea of better live stock in Florida.
"Years ago Mr. Ingraham became con-
vinced that Florida possessed decided
advantages f.: raising impro,-ed live
stock. He knew good live stock and
what it would do for the State, so he
began systematically to advocate the
raising of good live stock in Florida
and to advertise Florida's advantages
in that direction in the public press
and in the vast amount of advertising
literature for the land holdings that
he represented. At that time there
were few people either in the State or
oui who would believe that it was


of Care

, m .......... ..h


I


'1as


Views at the Children's Home at Jacksonville and Pensacola


No. 1-Girls of all sizes and types-all waiting
for good homes.
No. 2-New State Receiving Home and Girls Cot-
tage, Jacksonville.
No. 3-Boys Cottage and School Building, Jack-
sonville.
No. 4-Baby Cottage-for babies exclusively,
Jacksonville.


No. 5-A very small group of the more than four- No. 9-Almost totally blind-recently placed by
teen hundred children cared forlastyear,1922. Society in a fine home.
No. 6-New nursery cottage and older girls quar- No. 10-Games are a favorite pastime at the
ters, Jacksonville. Home.
No. 7-The fattest baby ever Qared for by the
No e fattest baby ever armed for by the No. 11-These two boys plead for a good home to-

No. 8-West Florida Branch Receiving Home, gether. Scores of other boys and girls want
Pensacola. good homes too. Want Some?


adapted to anything aside from the
raising of citrus fruits and truck crops
and entertaining winter tourists. Un-
supp'orted and alone in his belief, Mr.
Ingraham continued to insist that di-
versified farming with live stock in
Floftda could not only be made profit-
able to the farmer, but that it would
become an economic necessity in the
hear future. People did not actually
scoff at Mr. Ingraham's ideas, because
he had already made his reputation
as a man of vision, energy, ability and
good judgment, but it took an awful
lot of persistent hammering on his part
to make an impression. Finally his
opinions and ideas on the subject be-
gan to take root and good cattle and
hogs-appeared here and there through-
out the State where thev had been un- *
known before.
"Mr. Ingraham did not advocate the
importation of good stock into Florida
without preparation on the part of the
farmers. On the contrary, he urged
them to be ready to feed their stock,
to grow such pasture, forage, hay and
grain crops sufficient to maintain their
stock and those who are today follow-
ing his advice on this point are known
as successful farmers. He was one of
the first, if not the first, to advocate f
the use of pure bred bulls on the range
to breed up the beef herds. He has
rendered a service to Florida by giving
publicity to improve live stock farm-
ing in the State that has never been
equalled.
"Whatever The Farmer and Stockman
has accomplished in advancing the im-
proved live stock interests of Florida i
may be largely credited to J. E. In-
graham, who not only gave the present
editor abundant inspiration to which
he added his influence and substantial
co-operation from time to time.,
"For a quarter of centur-' past, J. E.
Ingraham has advocated and preached
diversified farming with good live
stock as the most dependable source of
profit for the Florida farmer, and he is
still doing it today. Literally millions
of copies of booklets, pamphlets, leaf-
lets and folders, setting forth the
strongest kind of proof to sustain his
contentions. have been sent by his di-
rection to all parts of the Union. This
constructive work has brought thou-
sands of good citizens to Florida with
millions of dollars of capital, all of
which has caused several blades of
grass, or food bearing plants to grow


a

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'Why the northern terminus of the turn-pike should be south of Jacksonville on U.S. #1
near Bayard instead of by-passing Jacksonville to the west and north as proposed by the
turn-pike authority.

1. Jacksonville Businesses of all kinds now receive around one hundred MILLION DOLLARS
annually from the tourists who pass through and spend the night in and around
Jacksonville. Most of this revenue would be lost to Jacksonville if turn-pike by-passes
Jacksonville as proposed.

2. Property values will decline throughout Jacksonville and Duval County if turn-pike
by-passes Jacksonville.

3. Our Jacksonville EXPRESS-WAY was authorized, surveyed and bonds sold on the
strength that the out-of-state traffic entering Jacksonville on the various Federal
Highways would use the EXPRESS-WAY SYSTEM and pay bridge tolls. Diverting this
traffic away from our EXPRESS-WAY is unfair and many of us feel illegal.

4. Changing the route of the turn-pike to terminate south of Jacksonville in addition
to "Saving" Jacksonville will bring many more customers to the turn-pike as it will
then attract all of the business from the ENTIRE City of Jacksonville and Duval
County. It will also attract some business for a short distance for those heading
towards Daytona Beach and further South on U. S. #1.

5. To change the route from the west and North (as recommended by turn-pike authority)
to south of Jacksonville on U. S. f1, there would be nothing to lose but very much to
gain. Outside of a few speculators and owners of undeveloped acreage, WHO WOULD
LOSE by this change.


6. The route that we suggest can be built at a considerable saving below the other route.
The savings has been placed at approximately TWENTY MILLION DOLLARS.

7. Jacksonville has been the GATE-WAY City of Florida ever since it came into
existence. Let's don't let it be made into the by passed City of Florida.

8. Jacksonville has been growing and progressing wonderfully during the past decade and
longer. If this by-passing turn-pike is built, the tTempo" will change downward,
stagnation and much slower development will be the result.

9. Should Governor Collins and his turn-pike authority have actually "gone out" and
tried to do Jacksonville the greatest damage possible, I can not see in what way
they might have accomplished greater harm.

10. This Chinese Wall will stop the growth of Jacksonville to the North and West because
of the limited number of roads across it. This in turn will curtail our taxable land
values used to build our city and our own free roads.

11 Its been said that the traffic will congest the road system of Jacksonville, but the
engineering firm of Parson, Brinkerhoff, Hall, and McDonald said in 1953 that the
completed expressway and interstate route through Jacksonville would easily
handle the traffic the Pike would generate. This firm did the traffic survey on
part of the Bobtail Pike.


I M-








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Resume' of Corps of Engineers Investigations Relative to
Sanford- Titusville Canal


General

The Sanford-Titusville Canal has not yet attained the status of being a
Federal project. It is for that reason not a part of the Central and Southern
Florida Flood Control Project. There is, of course, the probability that if
it is eventually authorized as a Federal project that it would be added to the
Flood Control Project. This would be the case if the flood control aspects of
the canal were found to be quite important, and if a clear relation in purposes
and functions between the canal and the flood control project should become
evident. If, however, studies now in progress on the upper St. Johns River
portion of the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project should show
that diversion of St. Johns River water to Indian River is impractical, ineffec-
tive, or for reasons of public objections inadvisable, then Sanford-Titusville
Canal investigations might remain as a navigation study having little or no
flood control aspects. If the latter is the case, there would appear to be little
reason to add it to a flood control project even if it should be otherwise eco!-
nomically justified and eventually adopted as a Federal project. The authority
under which the pending Sanford-Titusville report is being prepared is a reso-
lution of the House Committee on Rivers and Harbors adopted 27 January 1937.

Prior studies of Sanford-Titusville Canal

The original report on this waterway was submitted in response to an
item in the River and Harbor Act of 21 January 1927 calling for preliminary
examination and survey of a "channel from Sanford to Indian River near Titus-
ville, to connect St. Johns River with Indian River, Fla. The preliminary
report, submitted on 3 December 1928, was unfavorable to improvement, and
thus no survey report was made.

A resolution of the Senate Committee on Commerce adopted 18 March
1932 directed a review of the 3 December 1928 report. A preliminary report
was made. A survey report was thereby authorized on 19 July 1934 in the
combined interest of navigation and flood control. The District Engineer's
report was dated 10 April 1935. It was favorable, and recommended that a
channel 8 feet deep by 100 feet wide be provided, together with certain appur-
tenances in the interest of flood and water control. Reports of the Division
Engineer (5/8/35), the Board of Engineers (7/15/35), and the Chief of Engineers
(8/13/35) attached to the District Engineer's report, were all unfavorable. The
reports were not printed; no action was taken by Congress.

In House Document 229/63/1 the question of a channel connecting St.
Johns River with Indian River was discussed. The report considered an in-
land waterway from Beaufort, N. C. to Key West. It was favorable to construc-
tion of such a waterway only as far south as the St. Johns River.

In House Document 586/69/2 consideration was given to an Intracoastal
Waterway from Jacksonville to Miami. A route via upper St. Johns River was


r ___ i_~_ _____ _1~~___~IXir(_ ~____


I i






f.h '.


considered, but the east coast route was recommended in preference to the
upper St. Johns River route.

The latest report authorization is that of the House Committee on Rivers
and Harbors adopted 27 January 1937, which requested "review the reports on
Channel from Sanford to Indian River, near Titusville, to connect St. Johns
River with Indian River, Fla., and previous reports, with a view to determin-
ing if it is advisable to provide this channel at this time. A review report of
survey scope was made in response to this.resolution, by the District Engineer,
dated 24 April 1939. It was favorable. The Division Engineer's report
(5/5/39) was unfavorable. The reports were reviewed by the Board of En-
gineers and returned to the District Engineer for reconsideration and, possible
revisions in view of more recent information submitted by local interests.
After a second public hearing, held locally, revised unfavorable reports were
submitted by District and Division Engineers (11/25/41 and 12/11/41) respec-
tively. The Board of Engineers deferred action on request of canal proponents
who desired to submit additional data. Due to war conditions, the data was not
submitted. The Board finally returned the report and in view of the elapsed
time recommended revision. This revision was assigned to the District En-
gineer on 26 March 1945.

On 26 November 1952 the District Engineer again submitted a report
on Sanford-Titusville Canal. Meanwhile, the Central andSouthern Florida
Flood Control Project had been authorized. It appeared not to be possible to
properly divide flood control benefits of the upper .St.. Johns portion of the
Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project and Sanford-Titusville
Canal until detailed final studies for the former were completed. The 26 Novem-
ber 1952 revised report stressed that condition, and clearly stated that flood
control benefits had been omitted. The District Engineer's recommendation
included: "In view of the possibility that prospective flood-control benefits in
combination with navigation benefits would produce a favorable economic ratio,
he further recommends that Sanford-Titusville Canal be further investigated
following definite project report studies for the upper St. Johns River Basin
portion of the comprehensive plan for flood control and other purposes in cen-
tral and southern Florida. Navigation benefits were insufficient for a favor-
able report. The Division Engineer's report concurred in that of the District
Engineer.

The Board of Engineers received considerable objections to the reports
as they had quite admittedly not included flood control benefits for reasons
stated above. Those reports were returned on 28 October 1953 with instruc-
tions for "assessment of the advisability of the construction of this project
in conjunction with units of the comprehensive plan for central and southern
Florida located in the upper St. Johns River and related areas; the evaluation
of all benefits including flood control; and any detriments which could be
reasonably expected to result from the project; and revision of the report to
conform with current policies on project evaluation. "l


_ -- -r,.-..- ---rriJ


I









Present pending report

No further specific work has been done on the Sanford-Titusville re-
port pending completion of definite project report studies for upper St. Johns
portion of the Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project. The
latter studies will fully evaluate all flood control and flood control related
benefits which can be attributed to'the Sanford-Titusville Canal. This office
has made every effort to expedite the upper St. Johns River Central and
Southern Florida Flood Control Project studies, including receiving assist-
ance from the Mobile District. Those studies are now estimated for com-
pletion by 31 December 1956. The report on Sanford-Titusville Canal will
then be prepared again using all attributable flood control benefits. Naviga-
tion benefits will also be revised and brought to current status. All other
benefits will be evaluated. Consideration will also be given to increased
traffic which would be attributable to the Sanford-Titusville Canal if the
Cross-Florida Barge Canal should be completed before or concurrently with
the Sanford-Titusville Canal.


January 31, 1956










-IkLENCEOFNASHOTAMN


GOOD THE SEMINARY HAS AC-
COMPLISHED.


ITS HISTORY REVIEWED BY DR. J.
P. T. INGRAHASM.


In Hi Jnlbilee Address nt St. Louis,
Ithe Former Rector of St. James
Clhurch 'relc of lte Struggles and
Triunnmtps of Na-hlotlah Sen.ianry,
Dr. Ingrahnm's Labors Since Lear-
ing Ililwvnkee Growth of the
Episcolni (Chnrhb.


The Rev J P. T. Ingrahbau .:[ Sr Louis,
sho for fourteen o 17 .aa iLn charge of
Si. Jamt.r' chu.'.:h In this city, recently
celebrated thr: Gfit;th ana.iersrary of his
ordination. The address Idel-iered by Dr.
Ingrabam at the- :iebratlior ldeaii, largely
ith the 'hur.:b bhis.'ory .:.f WXirec.:o in and
the Northv ect and rh.? nfluence of Na-
obh.,tah upon rhe gropir'.h *f the Episcopal
hurcbh. Dr. incraham iat.i:
BislioiO Kemnpe*r'u \'orl*.
*In 1i;,; Bish.:.p Jiak-'..rj Kempr r va- ap-
pointed the first mjiis.- ir.y bi.h-p of the
sburch: and he bad under hi i0narge Mis-
souri, \'ia.-s-c in,l Iala. and all the terri-
tories'. evn the Inadtio trib- asc well as
several of the Siuithern starts. Of course,
he greatil- needed clei'gy. 0.id erery year
he v .ated the Ei'itelrn tbe-l,- .:ail iem;nia-
ries to ind.ii:e rbh vou-LJg Ui-n studying
there to come ci uti to the ".ild V'fsrt. a-
misiio)nar[ti P.arir:uiarly be urged that
some of rbem wulid ,:i:'me 'au toj Weseon-
sin or Iowr and ,..i-.adjize an as soc iat.
miRsic.r. ILI the ycar li'-E., e :eral of ihe
young omn i:f u.:r Nev. Yt.rk 'i h-ologrItal
semintary iconmurniiered v ith Bizbop Kem-
per and ga.e themi-'ei-'s fr their WesLt-
ern wa.ik Thlte oi them, NMe -.ro Bre-:k,
Adams aud Hidart, were then o'rdaied in
the etuiumer ,of 1t1.
'They wcnt to W'ii,:oinin and elected
the village of Prainl\-iile, no-e. calle
Wsau'ke-ha, as their i:enter of t,u living
in a log hou. s there. But they su:,an eaw
thit they mu.at habe a house aud land of
their o.wn. And they began also, to did-
c.ver soung men an.iouns for an c-ducation
toaard'i the miniitry-. So they ,souJht for
a suitable pi, :e' of land. and at length se-
lJted 45In a,.res on the teautiiul lake
called Na,.bh.ah, t,-i,.e mile-s west of
Wauke~oha. and bere in one mail building
began the. ier, great thiole-lical seminary.
One room of tii-b ca i-'et apart at once
foir'a chapel. iand there t-Ean d.ily morn-
ing and evenring praie.r, and the holy
ciommuni:,iu very Sunday, and v-ch b has
ever t.en omitt,:d ith r:, for a single day,
fr-in that day to th;s, filry--dve iears.
"Young ni-n c,.inntuniliy jclned them,
looking tr.sard. the ministry. New build-
tea like soldiers' barrac..:a. were ereeted,
and from thi pialce a' a center in a radiuc
of fily miles in every dilre tion, wherever
there -ja.- an imumigrarnt family, or a. cluI-
ter of fariles, thies.e clergymen and thbse
Etudeut., after a h'ird week'ss work of
study or teach:og, went orn foot in all
kmds of vEather to give the er 'ices of
the p-ayer book. The little -clIuauer of
Immigrants' dwellings hsae long ago be-
come parlshes, and towne and cities, and
the whole state of Wiaconsin -Is to-day
deeply Imprcssed with the earnest, devoted
eburchmanoship of Nasbotab.


Three Hundred Graluaates,
S"The lrm. claes graduated at NasbAotah
was comlpoed of ass young men, one from
Stockholm in Sweden, the others from the
East and South. Nearly 300 young men
have graduated, and entered the holy mil-
Istry slon my own ordination. Some of
them have been made bishops, others stand
In prominent positions all over the chuirol.
Fifty-eight have entered into the test of
paradise, but three out of the first fve
cla oee that were ordained in succession
are still on earth-one, the Rev. Dr. Uno-
nius of Seeden, the Rev. F. R. Raf of
Wisconain, and myself. wible all of our
early teacbers and proferrors have already
gone before us to their reward. carrying
with them the deep affection of their stu-
dents. Ther.:- is not a bishbop living.
'"Two pe,.uliariiies ,.:t t Ihe bological intil-
lution at Naanotajb, I would like to speak
of-one. that no payment was required
from any young mam v.hb, desired to t.udy
for the ministry. it he had n.) meas of
support, but those who had means shared
with those .hbo had not. and all were one
brotherhood. There r.rre during my own
reslden'e there about forty :,oung men re-
ceiving their clazei:al and th.riogicaJ edu-
cation. The eco.,ud point that I wanted to
speak i3 ,.a-s the, 4pirt o:,f self-ffering for
Chrlst' s.,r% i.:e that perivad-. every heart.
**With .Aih and every (.oe ti be ordainedd
It was 'here am I; sEnd me" Whether th.y
wcre to be d-cit as rmiiODnaite-s uut amojDg
the Indil.ns i:r into the- -lum- of the city
was a waterr *... indlifferuce to any of
tbem-ibh-ye asiL.kd was to do Christ s
k erk. 'T? mirt be orougut to mind th.b
-jreat di '-rence between the ,ionditi'-, if
our country fiity years ago from whatl i is
tc-day .t that a imc Cne.: goi wia but a
village, v.ith ,uiy oneo ,.r rt-o small cc-un-
try taverns int-tLAd if huoElr.
'"Tri,_i-nh g '.va- d.,-iv by -'teamb..at and
tages. It toUt t'l v a ,h: d ,-i weey ctf hard
traehilng by day and night in ertae
coa.she, ao d sterlaboli to reach t Louis.,
Chi g i or Mllla-i.lke r.-.m Nrv. York, and
at a c2st of T75 Mil:r'uk-ee -'as but a
sman l tI.'. an. nd Nn. ,ti.t.h but a clue rer (of.
franm h.ujes thirty mile? r.-ot of Milwau--
k-i.. A,\- ut a to.:-rtth t'.-re .r r tlais gr .d-
uated eviiv mrnmtcbir fi It ilates reihiVEd'
his marchlug i r,-ir l- O -:.;as oildered,
nurth to the Ote-ida. Indian.s at Green Bay.
whei.: he fallthi llt ainod u.::c-isfllu y 1a-
bored. deeply bel.-.e l by his In-sin fam-
Illes, until his death in Bi,'). t'iinr- radu-
ates ba.'e serrv-d tbr.e nov. 'Chri-t rinidians'
for Fir; years.
Dr. Ingrnlumn in Milr-anukee.
'Tr-o i- f ,Iur clais r.ere ordered t'r Mil-
vT.auRie to org'irani; paricher. One, the
Rev. Mr. Keen r. urgan;izd St Jl.bin' par-
ish, r.here be- remained until his death,
-qu.e lit.-i: -I:,.. Tbh-? th-b r r-a your rector,
who was ,call-'d t[: Trinity i'hir':h. Milwau-
kee, the uacIl of ,h.-b..-.is _hanged to
Sr. Jamne. That. vis my first pariih of
ver., dearly hel-e.',d people, for about four-
iten y-art Il-hedaihb sear me to a warmer
climate. here, i-,r a year or more: I en-
gagd in army erk anr.,ng the hbo tarls
In Nase hille, Tern, Fr.:'mo rtaence, helthb
rri-rtor.-d. I ace-pted an invirai untlro the
rectorihip ao Cori. rhbur-.h, Indianapolls,
and rhiene after three and on, -balf years
of ti'iei, to St. JuLio's ci>rich. St Louis,
Ibe itllualtd almS--it iy the 'lurma at Sixtb
anD Si-ri.ie Itrei.ti A.\ftr fia .irs' s'-rv-
ie, in Lh ..:.ld bu;ildi .g at S.i.tb and Spruce,
vs biuii thbe new St John's.
*Thcre i r :-r-ed for sc.eon/year"I longer-
f,)urteen in all-until. v.orn out with Its
load O'f -itr, I rc~.gned for ret and took
ch:irge fir' a year or sio Of the very pleas-
ant liltl.- parish. St. Paul'i. Car-nidelet.
Then camRe through Mr. WX. H Wouodri hard's
I'hand an earnest, pressiog letter tr, take
charge of GraCe-Grare- church, St. Louis,
to wh;cb I had been called by Bichop
Hanks him-elf In 1l41, thirty years before,
Sand here, brethren, i have spent a hrppy
mintiwsitut life of Ei:x:reen ears. With
warm hearts ab.-m.t .:.e, with plenty of
work to do. iit ha been a glad work. Many
that nre t:-re at fir't 'have passed away-
to paTadiee. Very mauy have removed to
distant parts of the city, but even they
comic back and encourage and support my
bands. And there is work enough here to
do.


1- .


'Sc~O Ae-5V40\5-zC a:--


7 r


Iltl W Ok o BSt. aoule.
"I do not know why our dear Lord guld-
ed this large ground into our hands, a1M
as so -long preserved it in His vineyard,
but that it shall be cultivated and made to
bring forth much fruit. Thla lo- of cne-
ind one-hial acres I do not chink is to !e
kep, for one small parish church only, and


chiefly for one Suldey In a wak; but I
rhllk that tiol thought ahd streJv of .lt
pos':bilities should belong to the bishop.
clerg:' ani laity of the whole city. I Ebbll
no;, I.eo rri ic see it carried ri b-t riy
long csper!tee in North St. Louis im-
presses Itself upon me that the first im-
portant work here to be done should be a
parish house with an associated mission,
of a rector and two earnest, devoted, capa-
ble young men, in visiting from house to
hbase, and thoroughly instructing in their
own homes, If that is the only way, those
hbo are willing, those who 'would be
saved.'
Then, such daily services in the church
here as asuh viastations would culturally
bring, then such works here as a Sisters'
or Dea.ou:eiees' home for all the various
works among women and children that
they row hb-.w to do. until Grace church
shall be another center of church strength
and ighr In the city. The expenses of such
i rk ian be met abhen our churebmen and
e'hburn :rien of the city strudv the
-trngtb..ln.ng and the expansion oi th-e
church's .iwrk isi every p.-ortlin, from the
center to the tir.:umferenre of the city;
wherer ie-s m-:'ney sbali be .c-pen'l-d orn
Ichurche, and far ruo'jr dlistiihottre t-o need-
ed aurk i'f important cntcers; hen
Christian uier and wom en e-iter give
while they are Isng t ihl' \- orkins ctf
Christ's churi.h, r mal-: their -willt to gi' e
as lrgely a. pi:c-e lbl t,- Chrilt's *.:-%'n
works then tbcv are pone Brethren, atirr
my long minis.ti[ i..r Christ among all
classe- and ciniiitonj .f:' hwJuan minds
and b-a ta, I am more anJ more deeply
impr-.'sd that our Ieavenly Father cares
not for 'our A.iutwarnj adorning oft co l .-
reaipl- b.it io-ke I... dt ou ill]linig d i i ( I u-
grrat Spiritual Htudi-.' Lthe Templhe l'
tnu HIIoly Ghiot.' in "bose walls Cbrnl'a
people- are. liiring etrir cuilt in. and
bdlli up by -our b:ly prne. tho-:i, that- we
shouid offer or, piritual .i.:riBfi:c acc:ept-
able t.:. God L.i .le"uJ3 CnriLT.
".Dur-ng m fi diiv years of -ervle for
Chr.6t it hai fali-n unto me t" -eltberate
S ', macnraig., t... perf.rt. 'I. ,i'm rjurialI, tO
hba e t.apti'z.- 2.-It hih-.li-c an-i adlills,
to ha.f prje'- ntir. 1 21)11 f:r c..ntrflrusa:..l, t
ha'\ t hti ;.LI.4 Sund; .erve.: .. 2116.
Le;ii-u *i ri' ice. and I I u il a:,:, erv-
I. is it-k-i a i it.l eof l. ;A) r.'ices: aind
] .7 .: i r.! ,] *:'i t in 1.- *.1ly ,u ru m, 1d .- n
Lti il' tn:. l'.k io the hur..b'e a.-j-alCe
during ifr,' -.ars in rbe ?t'at \V ,it. 'tien
.e vere ':rd r ._ thei e .ais .:.r a i::llege
or cbh rt h b. t ,.,i r...t ,f the r:a3t lakes.
Thbe siarte lo ierri.:-rieL otf Mid.%it' ri Illi-
nois, indiana, xrkaniA.e. MiChitanu, WIX cin-
ino, t.- a, Mrini-sota. Nt.ra--ki a'u the
i'.jiiu 'it.r l'to e:i a-re under thie ..aie and
Jurt-dictiion of one single mii.'.onary rish-
op. viz: The Rt. Rev. jacksori KempEr of
beloved and saintly memory.







\ .


___ .._. IV







Custom. at Inshotah.
"All of those are now flourishing diocees
while far beyond them now the church has
advanced to the Pacific coast. Not a foot of
railroad was then built or projected for
any p~rt of these vast territories. We who
liv',l in Wi'sconsin were completely shut in
from our Eastern brethren for nearly six
months ill the year, as neither lakes nor
rivers vre navigable on account of Ice.
There was not a church building in the
late of Wisconsin until 1544. In Illinois
E.beop Chase had begun a church school
ati Robrin's _est, and'there were only two
fame buildings for churches in what is
now the great city of Chicago.
..The cuntoms or the church, in the mode
and mauner of wor-bit., as held at Nasho-
tan came to be felt by Nasbotab's teaching
all ..\er the Went. For Nabrniih's h'lp
there t\as organized among the church
women of Connec:rieut the tirst society of
church "ii.sic.n Helpers,' which proved to
be the beginning ot nhat is now our Wom-
an A u:illary.' This was sa stated at the
iecting at the 'Woman's Auxiliary at the
last general : invention. lu rhose early
days there %ere but two or three orphan
homes, ot.u one hbrwpital in all the church,
no hone f,..r th- aged and infirm, nor an:
ctlbr ao tri-e rnti.-ral now so common.
".At Nashotah th morning nod evening
daily prats -r, the -.-ekli iommunin. the
choirs of men and btr. singing antlphonal-
Sly, every church feitia\ l ,:arefilly kepr,
rue Greireta clhaoting, and the u-e of
iur pre -,cat vatmient d-eply imprrised
the church. b..th n[itr and far, as dl'.em-
l.atied by Naybihl'- -osns. It bas teen
the custom i:. toe luchuirh in the Eas tfor
the mini.ier t.:. off-er up the morning prayer
in the sur[pl:e, brh.- during the ongling of
ine hy.Ti juit bel[r. Ibe ia rrm- c n to go iLnt.
tte \e:-try r:iom, remove the iurplice, put
tti a rich. tblja k .silk go:.'. . th full
sl-v'es, and return to ril'~ti hi b sermon.
Then agan t, go cut. rem.-.ve tne gowu.
pu! on th-" :trti.;- and g.j on r. .lh the
ccnimunin err.e. Thli, custom of the
bleck goria. rv 3 abrl,: bed at Naiblh: h,
i.r.-i the .:ban-e r-xtc died v.berev,-r Nant.o-
iah *'lirgp ipona. The u-e of the i ri.-. upon
the spare ,'. t2- c:blujib and upo-n thle altar
Slhitbn the church r.a. adopted at Nraho-
lh--a ur-e' rarely Teer in Ib,.-. early days,
lijt lnor ad.:pt.ed by ri:a 'ly all i ho call
ihtemit-ive' Christians.
"The holy i:.:.mnuii!;r. bad earctlv the
prayer b,-,:ik's appuinse.l mie of i(.lebra-
tion. the sime as i thbis parish. and the
same as c.,L. ,r,'e by the En liinh bilh..pa.
inlluib4iig ihe pr-res-nt archb0sh.:.p of Can-
tI rbut I ;.11 c:ncludle thi al.:urite talk
upon the church in the West. and her in-
oBii,:a. y e atn arui:l- upon the Epi~i,:pal
chlr.:u tr-ali-n tiron a iati-. number of Har-
per "-\kly, ern tatld 'TLe Church s In-

Epirscopnl (bureli in America.
'T e Episc.:.pai c r.b has ba nr,. f.:.r
many ye3 'r .-i.ulitid far more in puibll..- --
timattio. than %,.a: indicatedi b. Ite vetr.
Lr,-.derat- arri, of abtolr uii iii'i comni unl-
cant o anld 4l,-ll. :iergy in the U itid Statl.es.
The ihLiih in America stands n.i nltone.
but is a rarcrinr-.- of the uorld-i.ide An-
ge-ican oinLmu union, and boirro a,; .eil as
tI. nd, itmprtanee by reas.-n of that a.io-
ciation and kinship. It derives dlgniry and
gAiturs inflduence from Its roots tin the past.
Its inedautry pirltion between te- great
Prce, iaant boad.:- and the biL-turic
churches, its steadfastne-s ainaong ninds
and de trltnes, and It\ venerable order and
decent aiidnie:s; its sobriety of la'-te and
mei-aure, Its gave splendor of public nor-
chip. ll widespread and devoted work
amion: [be poor, and because theb Epis'opal
.:t ir-.b is of g~eat strength at the centers
oif bought and Lnfluen(e.'
"In tne comparison of fifty years age.
itn the plre;eit tame, think of %hat
..burch life and work may be ifty yea-3r
bence-- ith the lncr.ase of popilatilon and
advance In science, aUnd all else, the
gr-oove of life's running will be apt to be
rougher. and times more troubla:us In the
future than the years just past, but, see to
it, brethren, s.o far as your personal ;nflu-
ence is i:.nce-'ned and your own life lied
out, that it Is with each one of you for
the good of Chritilanity and the human
race, so that your 'Light may shine before
men and glorify ycur Father which Is In
heaven'."
r,---










NIA MEL ECIR ST


O. ST.AUUSTINE UNDER

< S AEUIPsI Q A` NAGER CHARTER






ETTLEE DULY INSTALLED IN OFFICE



EUGENE MASTERS: IS MANAGER

E. NOBLE CALHOUN NAMED CITY ATTORNEY AND OBE P. GOODE
CITY JUDGE BY COMMISSIONERS WHILE THE CITY MANAGER
APPOINTS JOS. T. PACETTI TREASURER AND TAX COLLEC-
TOR AND U. G. QUIGLEY CHIEF OF POLICE.


4
ST. AUGUSTINE'S NEW GOVERNMENT.

S The first mayor of St. Augustine under the commission-manager r
charter is James E. Ingraham, president of the Model Land Company *
and vice-president of the Florida'East Coast Railway. *
____ *
The two other members of the commission are Henry W. Davis, *
head of the H. W. Davis Company, and Robert P. Kettle, member of *
the firm of Kettle & Murphy, real estate and insurance. *
--*
By virtue of the fact that Mayor Ingraham headed the polls at the *
recent election for commissioners, he will hold office until January *
1, 1918,
.*
Henry W. Davis was second on the list which entitles him to hold *
office until January 1, 1917. *
Robert P. Kettle is the third commissioner and he. Is entitled to
hold office u JJU.January 1, 1916. *
S____ S
The commission will meet in daily session at the city hall at 3:15 *
o'clock p. m., except on Sundays and' holidays.
Eugene Masters has been appointed city manager by the commis-
sioners. Mr. Masters has accepted the post until such time as the
commissioners decide on a permanent manager and WILL SERVE *
4. WITHOUT SALARY OR OTHER REMUNERATION until the position *
is permanently filled. His office hours at the city building are from *
) 2:30 to 3:15 p. m., daily except Sundays and holidays. *

S E. Noble Calhoun has received the appointment of city attorney *
at the hands of-the commissioners, thus retaining this post of respon- *
*.
O 'be P. ftode continues in the position of city judge, getting his *
SplinhtW. t from the corpmissioners at the inaugural meeting.
~ 21..._I







:_; .7 .t1WUi j'Ui,auditor-clerk is to be filled later, and in the fl ttt r
w. ..,,e ,,..will continue the duties of city clerk. : ,
-- -.
S ,. . -, --- . _
City iIbnager Masters, by virtue of the authority given by the new *
Charter, has appointed Joseph T. Pacetti to the post of city treasurer *
* and tax collector, and U. G. Quigley to be chief of police. *


*- *
* * * s* * S * S * * * * * * * *

"A government of the people, for the people and by the people" is the
description of the new form of city government under which th6 destinies
of St. Augustine are to be worked out.
This description was given by Mayor James E. Ingraham at the inaugural
meeting Saturday night.
Never before in the history of this, the oldest city in the United States,
has there ever been enacted, such a scene as that in what was the city coun-
cil chamber last Saturday night. Old methods and manners passed into his-'
tory and strange to say not a single member of the former city government
wai present at the passing.


Before eight o'clock every available chair and seat had been taken while
I rany stood and still more crowded the wide doorway and the outer hall. A
minute or two before the hour set for the inaugural meeting, the three com-
miasioners-elect, James E. Ingraham, Henry W. Davis and Robert P. Kettle;,
accompanied by City Attorney E. Noble Calhoun, entered the chamber and
proceeded to the dais. It was an imposing scene that greeted the commis--
sloners, for grace and dignity were added by the presence of several ladies
who were impelled to come from sheer interest In the city's welfare and to
see how the new government was to be launched. A few palms and plants
gav~ a touch of color to the picture and were not out of place even in leg.s-
lative halls.
Without ceremony, Mr. Ingraham announced that the commissioners had
filed their oath of office and had become duly qualified according to the
provisions of the charter and were now ready to organize. Henry W. Davis
was made temporary chairman, and the election of a mayor was proceeded
with. By unanimous vote, Mr. Ingraham was chosen the first mayor of St.
Augustine under the commission-manager charter. On the announcement of
the election, there was enthusiastic applause. When quiet was restored, the
mayor-elect voiced his appreciation of the honor just conferred. He reminded
his hearers that he was at the head of a people's government and that the
commissioners hoped to make it an efficient instrument for practical service
Continued on Page Elght)

( j .." '' :- :. i


'TESl T, NOVEMBER 16, 1920.'


t9&fRAHAM5S

'D .PE IN MIAMI
L M. F AGLER



Th' M ii:.,; i ,- ii l.- 1 ontaii .-d the fol-
S.,in' ; I unl rcf. the cereolony at
,'. ,, i. -. 1 = 1 -I: i. m i ing the unveil-
nint' 4, i i tailet toi the late Henry
.l. I l ci!cr, ii. lulmi-g the entire ad.
(IL'-.s of H-i. .. E'. Ingraham, of St.
Aug .til.Jn n.c--ireiil.:'- t of the Flor-
ida East '. ..ft Railway Company,
'ltichl will I. ite l here with imuch in-

linr:, M. FlL L''-i.;
H-2 t-.il.lu long, well and with good
thee.. in the servit-e of other..
Iiiavely lie met his teEE, richly he
ti'ran.d his rest..


Thle- ni.- i -1.' of i-rmry iM. 'Flagler,
ti, grr ot. i,.velopleti cof the Florida
IL ..,r. hbill, ,' t.f the overseas
S!. 1I i-.....i r :. f Miami, was
I.,.,i t -*1. .: ... lii~ a hltndsom e
h ,,11 1 i.';, ; l, 2 ij l i r ii h ]it, on tii which
tla. i' i, ,ii ih iib l l ing standss
1 1 ,2. :. Tih, tolI..t '. a- ilacedf
11; .1!. ... l '.. I' .'_ 1 it,, Stl n e' a l is in |
. I Ii .1 i '. l kI.ti.r- ia in relief:
:71. I 1. I *r-,\ .i h liW to the W >-
: li,*i L ii, il l. thi-, .v'piL-, u ander-
S'IiiiL i ; i '. ..ulll nmain-

S ..i. . iii,' .1 i ..'ri y to:,.k place
S 1 i ... 1 1 the (l. building.1
'. i'. 1. a]: li h -.n II lt in front,
i ii ,';- ':, i-, ' i l seats
iiI III i l I r -tre- i.t, which was
h. 'l, ,1 lni I;. ,- C i I'ef t iII.,r, . I M %s. W .

ih.l pr-ij-,i'kl, and Mr<. Kate 'Apling-
t.in 'a. ,i:1~,rqiii t : I the arfange-

Lin I.liho ir.'akier' ~yatform were


72_ cl (a


I


I


i


in Sw
~R~-~,P~s~ j~z~i~~dl~$2~i---~

a close personal friend '.-,_r. .Flak-
ler's, Wo A. Blount, W. R. lKenan,'W.
5. Beardsley, trustees of the Flagler
estate, J. P. Beckwith, vice-pjresident
4f the -East Coast Railway Company,
*'8oLt Lo.ftin, general counsel for t.ht
Flagler interests, John B. Reilly, firni
mayor of Miami, John Sewell, Mr. and
Mtrs. Kirk Munroe, Mrs. Aplington, J.
T- Blackmon, J. F. Chaille, T. A. Wii-
field, Dr. J. L. White and other repres-
senting city and civic urgatdzatiori...
Mrs. T. V. Mocre rnd Mrs. A.
Light Monroe. past presidents of the
Woman's Club anid the two women
whorwIvre r-intrinirental I interesting
Mr. Flagler in giving a site for ife1
library, unveiled the tablet. It was
M. M.,'nroe wh, approached Mr.
Flagler in behalf oif the Irttle library,
which she declared hal- become peri-
paitetiC and m:.ved-on each rent day.
The speaker were lon. James E.
Ingraharn, Kirk Munroe and W V A.
,Blount. These three men hadl been
ilonsel aso,'iat.:-i with Mr. Fjagler
and they talked intimately of the
great builder.
Mr. Munr'.e 'in his delightful
reminio.enses told of his first meeting
with Mr. Flagler in St.-Augustidie jun'
after he hli a bought hi-, first railroad
a little narrow gauged affair running
out of St. Augustine. Mr. Munrot
asked him: *\Vhat on earth do you
'ant '.ith a railroad?" and Mr. Flag'
ier told him that he had worked hard
ial his life and never had a plaything
in Ins Lhildhood except- a little traAn
of"tin cars drawn by a string and hW
h'l d s--n thi.s little railroad which r-.
minided him oif h'is toy train and he
lhught it fr' a plaything. Ils see-.
ond meeting v.'ih years later w3t*Ali
Flagler came to Miami and 'ie .pHlt-
ed his boat throitgh -the chpg+al-nd.
renewed tt oldd aequ ~ adaute Mt.










\ C' ..











"story of how 'he ard Mr., 'FPa'gler ariT
, Wh.r.. ite sA-6 as a cot'nrhittee to
..bbow .../,Mi ami'i" shoaM be pro-
.aoiaed. Ml. tutrdle in-closing quot-
.1 inappropriate)' from Kipling's "Ex-

,-':tl..J. L. White, pastzrr of the Bap-
itW.:cirrch. in the -absen' oefr Th: W
'W aFaris, who was unable to fill hiT
'on the program. nrmade the invo-
'iYtion. In it he spoke of Dr.,'arid'
wotrl in Miami ir the days of its
.eiltrlshistory and of his frien'dship t|o
Mr. -.Fla'gler.
Irn.'his fine address lion. W. A.
tIoont talked of -Mr. Flagler's Orea
chtivements and said 'that 'after
knowing him he felt if he had great
wealth he would not be content to give
bare charitier, given without effort ot
rerconvpense through tru-tees. Mr.
,lagler did not make git'ts, lie said,
he created 'conditions in which men
Sand wimen might help thernielves
and he made Mliami possible. "He
wrras nat nrerely a donorr" Mr. B1.urint
said, he was an empire builder." He
was the only man in the United
State, except one. iJames J. Hill, he
said who give ir this manner and Mr.
Flagleruhlike 'Mr. Hill did not use
the ;lponey of others. Mr. Fnaglet's
rn.e. y and persistence utilized 6injly
his -t*:n moitey. "All his, bullldigs
and- great enterllises were financed
with nioney from the. pocket ,,f ote
mtai, and that mnan was Henry S.
Plagler," he said.
SMr. Blount spoke of Mr. Plag'er ap
a, tall, spare, gauiint, nani wili gre.
.drsams. A man' 'ln '.dreanmneit n
-ystalized his dreams into 'realities
S:iron rails, steel, coinere'f., viaduct-.
tiad. iade possible the tremenidon- d#'-
velopnrient of tihe Florida east coast,
and Cuba. "As long as iron and steel
and miasonary shrill last, liiI name
W;ll live," he =aid in (lr--ing.
Mr. Ingrahani, vho v.as a ihl.e
friend as .vell aW a btlqire-. acsiclate
in all Mr. Flagler's undertaking-i
Sav e much detail of their nearly lI ild-
ing.- He said:
icdan President and Ladies,' f the
Miami Women's Cltb, Ladies and Gep-
tlemen:


I .SaK nui..M .z, F entt*rf
g .sl ., te.Ae i'-pJop i s ~qe '
SiA .0. to. lubo it; t e.atr t
chief, i nr Morrisit- agle, .
at the unveiling of this memorial
ablet to him, er&eted.by your club,
and- I want, to tell yoti something of
him and his great influence on the up-
building f the state from my3 stand-
point, as Lthe. senior, of the men of tile
grcup EaLociated .with Mr. Plagler,
practically fromni the beginning of his
work to the coimpletion 6'"f his rail-
road tu Key West, and I wish to say
further of this group of men. that
there are no better, cleaner, more
straightforward or capable a body of
men ever aFsociated in a great eq-
terprise than these, and as their -e:
nior. and'after twenty-seven sears of
close association. I think I am quali.
filed to say this of these men, who
Were inr-pired by their devotion to
Mr. Flagler, and impikiit confidence
.in him, to give hinm ,f their best, and
to stay and do great thing- in a big
way with him. and for.hini. rather
than to stiyke out independently. 'evn
though large fortunes might result
from their individual efforts.
In ISSC Mr. Flagler finished his ho-
tels in St. Augustine. the Ponce de
Leon and the Alcazar. These were
the first of the great tourist hotels
built in Florida. and Mr. Flagler's
example ras eritilated in many, parts
of the state. a- up to that time Florida
had been looked upon as a se-ri-in-
valid re-ort, not a pleasure ground.
but the conitrnuct.i-.n of these houses
started Florida as a playground for
the nation, and railroad construction
and the construction of other laigne
and beautiful hotels f.-ll,",'ed th,- sure-
cess attending'upon Mr. Flagler'. dre-
velopnmentS A little later Mr. Flag-
fler *f;niihef tli.h c nstru-?tion cf tih
great l.iin ge ar.ross thte St. Julin-
River at. Ja:k-l;:onviIle, anl tho,:re wa.=
thed innrtu rated the fit'n t of thie .ll
.Pullman trains to Florida, innnii I
from New Yorkl to St. AuRustire, in
connection with the Ponce de Leon
hotel, which tremend-.iusly itrength-
ened the jlainim, of Flrida as the
winter playground for-the whule Unit-
ed States, a condition which the cli-
mate of Florlla anrd he accessibility
made possible.


i tn -1892lt,- .tkler acquirer the
as *q48 t -p% ,atdd built the
'1dofl OIond amd in 1894 fiidiheq his
ittiai'r'adfl1th -dThi1 JHabilkmnille,
St. Augustine and Indian River rail-
road, to West Palm Bdach, his chain
ot hotels having been enlarged by the
constriction at Palm Beach of the'
Royal Poinciana and a little later of
the Breakers, and the development of
'the town df West Palm Beach.
TUp io this time the orange industry
had 'been the chief industry of the
state and had been growing year by
.year. Truncking, .general farming,
dairying and stock raising were in
their infancy. The first of the great
ifrees occurred on the 24th of De-
cember, 'I05, very seriously injuring
the orange groves in What was then
known as the orange belt, in the
hortthern and conthal part of Florida,
iid it teemnil fur a time to b,' a dis-
aster impossible to overcome, for
faith. in Florila and confidence in
its future was rilaterially shaken.
In 19ii6, immediately after rht
freeze, Mr. Flagier extended his rail-
road from West Palm Beach to Miami,
constructing the Royal Palm hotel at
Miami, and establishing the t.:,"-n of
Miami, and his action had much to
do with' restoring" confidence in the
,(Continued On Page Sx)


--- RAM
J. E. INGRAHAM'S SPEECH
IN AhIAWIiO N H. M. FLA.GLE4
iC'rntinued FroIn P'age Tri-l
-I
.______________ _- '
state. I .i.i aur r.lh-tr* inrtr.-'r.- real-
ize-l that if Mli'. Flac -r l bail ni.t lost
faitl in th,- filt,.i ,c:f Fl.I ;isa ith all
of th-e Nilii,_, ii'. i \ in hii- invest-,
liiilnt. lii ith i:-.v oiil l ..1 ,-il'aff rd to!
gu ah-ead aLnI ir u,;iltiii:at ilhe inter-i
e,,: ;, dep.-:ndr nt Ip -i, [iie.i, arni l they,
toio, h-ll~pd the i-r .ple f' Florida toc
Ec talih- l noe'. in.iitlie-. aind to de-
vtle.p a great liri.it' INith.:.rl. uLnknown
or neglectr-d resources. .thus i:ecom-
plishirig a tremendous thing for the
upbuilding of the state.


The send t'frisi-e t W idwi^
ruary 7, 1897- and was far more e-
rious .than the -fl~t -rtne- bause it
come at a period vil eh 't4e W ere in
bloom, full of sap, ,anud therefore ex-
ceptionally isuseeptille. This caused
the d'estruction'cf the greater part 9f'
the citrus gtrves of FIkori4iB that Wif
left or had racuedratedfl.Tr~o 1 th6 fo'i*-
er freeze, the piner'its on the- i di{
river, and the tlucking indust-y which
had been established in the southern
part of the state. At this. tilne, too,
great disaster seemed 'hiimirnerit, but
Mr. Flagler loaned large zunms of
money at ov.' rate., of interest to the
people along the southeast coat' of
Florida, to hel) thuni re-estab&hih
themselves, replant and rebuild their
fortunes, thu; definitely estallishinga
trucking pernrianently in 'the south'-
east coiunti'iec Thus va'.a the it-j
fluernce ,f thi.i 'ni,.' oiin iiwh had ab-i
solute faith t tlihe -tani. and its r:.-.
sourrce agna n i.ul.(" II I'i.rl.indl to tlhe
great benefit 6f the -.Late.
Nirt. l'Tuttle Firf i'houglht of
Miami.
In I.'. I ini t at a dinn,;r party at
her beautiful hiie in t l-veland,
Ohio. Mrs. ,Iulia D. Tuttlb,, '.i.h, tolh
lny Witf. adiii I that -.ihe w.s a1l.,oiit
to remove h.'r faniiiliy :indl -ff-i.rs t6
M iami, Fla.. to iI,: i-'t.. ai large i't ,pr ier-
ty onl tihe MRn:iin ri'. r. .r. hi.. h li-he had
inherited from hir f,tliier, iand she
roiuarl:'.-lr n i"S i. la, '.- .'' 'l i l' w ill
buid .1 a riilro;t.I 111i lnaI rtani I will
give to h .l.iii].iri. ihliat ite- -... m -
half .1f l' pr"i'p.ity ,at Mi.niii, fi'r a
town -it'.. P-riiap -. .u .* .'ill hr- the
mani." I ail., "Mi ii a l ng way
off frim Ti nipaiop, bIt .tia.ii;L r things
have halpi en d :l, and l i il iy ;,'ct ill on
you ti fulfil tli- off''r.'r.
In Mar. h, l.s'2, in:. pirt'v and I
rr,.- e, Il til..- l',v-'i laJi --. firiri Ft.
lMyv-rs., via Pt. Sh'l.1lefurd. to Miali.
hliere niy i ar;Ly f itw,'.nty-'niie men
l vere o n,' itl-trlIi.i-.l li Mr's. Ti.lti ite at Ft.
'Dallas. W\'tn e er'ier\tt'l from the,
E'verg:ladt-s. clirty inld half started,
Mrs. Tuttle haid i salutr fired and
the Stars rand .-Stripes hodisec'dl ntd it'.
one who has never seeh their flatg


I


I











after such trying experiencer;s :s 'we
had gone thrinlgh, could realize what
that was to us. I sent the men home
L,. S-e \-%i Ki.vy \\ .-' nnl with tv.'
of nmy tri-nd went hlini. t, Sinit.-..n i
by w\ y ,'t" I.al;,- Wortlh anr,i the Indian
Si -r. It toil-.: u1 -r- enr daiiy to in'aile
rli trip. rt (. t n i 1i ta 1, Ni il

-li: ll iailrl I rLO1:1 t_'il 111 n all iall -
Ing3 ,., -: ,-I fr-i.,li 'i Tfi I II L.ll-. \Vt i 'lh,
p .'iti fl -,t-rv "ri' 'F o-r aial ra'e!' 1k that'
q.l i,,t' f the t Ri - lat liet to th-il
I ai.'- i .. ll 1 Ol' ,i. At M ir iir in A li-
p hl 1s ", ll. th V' I Il l t .. V'.e ll- '
ilp II .. ti A re. Tiiut LI l l n the
it, ith -i,,- if t. h lin v'.-r ,it .l th:ti f M r.
nild Mli-. i I- I 'in riti. ,iiith -Ile
A t tii- i.l I l.i.-nn-all fir-1ai M i
Quinl i. t' Ir. it ,,--t th. ria i'.- iunty
t utirt aitil- ili '!' l-rl tt ialt ,i D-ii de I
ia.unt y 1 1 .- I.. L. Il: -. a v .- ;t i, 'jno.
tt th- ,. it I ,i .. L d .. t V ,.a I t I. i trlt

L llh,-' 1 .i 1I.. J,- l 1 a I'. T he

tl"r, ii ,IL',,, ,ii'. i' ... iT in eii -
Lt 6 1. 1 N I .V i: r.12 .H.1 L1 the





r-i (l*'.'t ia N i lr. i l .a' Ill tha
it rnf-t l 1 i i-a L;


tlil li' th i l i t. i l- -. I l l 't -
l't i It'.-t -nl .t tt t., I ,. lagl r- I
It- , i ..u L i i . l b' li l .i ..& '
from Pi.:'t h Il. MDi,, .. "hi-. i l \
pll i-, l il l i .h i, J I- I .- I r la -1 1 1 l V ,
ron, l . :-.1 hu,,.- v M I, f ,
ronli rp .,.i,.h.,.i 'n in ,it i n ltiit fai ll ,tr h

.J u ly 4 1 :; .. ** i h -....ii, i l.,.i .
iM ,r." .' .l' i. iti. tl l [ .'1 illi / -hI i -, 1-.
,.:i :. '.r. .1I ,I IH. Iw F it I 1 ,, ' ,- ,. .

\nI 1 r. 1 1 1. 1. 1 1 il I


Li t*Fl .' ." fi 'l, ll '.I I 'l. k i il l ,,1r

ritliip r-hl Ji j uri 'h. I I l;flill- f.,I' WIi.) ,I'<
nhi ri ZI l4 ,,i>.> -'li i.
lihnt-filtud Entire SIRIVL'.
A4 itl irjw .i in l fi illrc- 0. 1. il,'i
Ilmami ulous influ,,ri, tti.it M r. lain ler'-
ilevehlpie-nt> liadi upon Oitl n-ri lrlnmil-
iniprovenieint in the kaiitijitiihiin of th.
s t,10.


In 18til the aggregate assepstei vnl-
ralatlIt irf ill ri-al rid p'r'-i-nal prr.i-
u iri in Slh_ sltalt wa.l. $ r17i.-i1.i) 1. lih
1'.:1 the (.lr :1l valu.attion rf the --'.ate t-
I 1. . ll,: l e.1 - 1. .:- G r-' ,i. il. In I -'" th,.
SI' l t Ir.libi l . r tIll-. -t;i ( t. F l -, i,
i.da ,..n ".11 1 11. I L l f ii: '. 1 .--
i'.2' l 1 l: L i t, hl a I... n I i J .-a -, l
S f.ir :l '.i :n p- nii i I ) Ir i,.
tiy tli.' l 1i ii'r.-- I.f l n L.-t ti. ta '
il-out ':.i i 1,'ull .I I,. i hli : f- i Er.- tf
Lhe l 'ii i' '. --: P- l 1 ,e t I -L v1 I. .-. I % i
ht s.. ,L l ,,1 ,1-. . I ll-.i I"" "" ''. r I
ia ti.l .. l. I I ,' ,'-, iih., -J I ., ll," '.. ,r; lt )n
(If la r ra i i .' n .-'i tl. i 111
f-r i ri ,l t Ih,. i,, r h. n -* t t1l,. I
in lo ;:i t n ;.: a i t. r tih. i,.an
-trntn l,,n f HiI,: P..n. ,I.:. L...', nr.i,
A Ii. a .' .t r..I i- I r. '' 0.i u -li.: i.
Sl.-' t i 'l" .lt ..i l I h I. '- F l,1 ,,II a II l'l
( i..it't %ail ra ,l n -':l .i l..l I M i
;, ini, Iho l. tia l h.il l. -i 'n .1' I I -h : .a t i
f, r 1.1 :* ,.1" th,.. >. i l n th rio.i.. h
I li. 1 1. i' il r i li ..ft' i 1, I- l .i id a -


V t I L I I: .. : l I, at I .- r- .p-









if0 10:-- ,.1 hn i a p ir. tf e. -
p 1O;t r l.i i l i th-- .
. tj l :l! tll ..' til l -,11 l l'.lll j
fr,.i, ].'ir ...,1 -, i \\ t. ',, ,in gl
M on ..'.. ,i'l i -. .n 1 aind
t, .-ih l, '., ..1 .. ..i t.,n l ; l r wa.- '.
S .l ,.ir '" .h i. l. l 'I 'l I 'l f 0, ,r . ,:1i -
. lo I 1 i i . *. , l : tl l l. I 11



,. .. r f l i- '].. I T ;.l.-,. ,, l ,i ,
.) 1. 1 I' .. .1 :- 1 ,I l i 1 ,


.,,, ..- ,n l ,I' *. ,, .1n 11 i., t .. -,. ,,t
2 1 '



-, '. ',l 1, 42' t i,..' r -' c .ert eli
that if 180'1. wli.h is a pair, of ti',. o
per Lent greater thanihe entire tatec


You can thereforre readily see'what
luring this period.
Believed in Florida and Loved
SMiaimni.
i. .-u l.iii- i flliu,- e MIr. Flagler's

i''e_ iri tii'i.ir a hi.- "i 'r-tta i l ents and
li', Ih-t ,t l "ll. i.i' ,:, i .t hi P'rieat f'ar-
ai.I i ii i' ailifi t I t-lu and other
tlii -t .-' l. :i. ", rl t ") thi, -tate. H-!-
ha,J h ,,m h:,l ..i .., ,nf:,J-n':, in the ,tat,..
He ...' .t ihil h .ei In it. hlit tie lovt d
Miad A. AI. r,. ii. i't t arvi&%v I had
with l n i, t't .l r 1 had rtu ne'l from
Oti-t i, i..:i. .hl- Ii hi I-heen in con-
.'le l, ',-. it l t n i itf ies effecting
tilhe jla. ,t H Ii.. -'I'l_1 %'ci .1 undeLi rt-'ik-
,n t.:, ilt. lagl ,r (u irL hi'si ifr e 'limne,
and 1 1-,..I j h .. hl ,in :,ne plh, ture.
arndl ,.ij, iri lr-.out it, t he was then
Ir-i 'i-, I ,, I, I.-,,1 in hi- home at
P3ini D-.,.h, ]inic ith itt'f.-ring' butl.
hi lntlI i- i l ..- Ill i.a .i nti things
.if ti t .i-t ,-.a-t i.f Lri.' inida. He had
i kl i ,,a _- :l,.,it ,.)I ::lt lt'ee .and he
.ai.J: 1 \\,.II, I Ih e .- i Ill I. e a great
-ii ,:-a .t ] I, h -ea it 'a "rIa t uch,
il 'T 1 011ila ga l-at (a 1W. 1.0 -
Stliiat Ti- :.ri, l t t ,' I untryi ,ut
\ i l"i- lI i h<-, '.' .l], holl i I l. _'l.- to
io a 1 l ii'ii n :. i r i' i nal l uii ttlng
'hi m .n i ,nen 1h:- :id, "Tell nite f
I%% ,. .\ I aIl-:n : .re I h,-re '.' I
,Ladi "I '. t1l'la,-ry .t tl- and tl,.
11 i I.- in r ,,,ri e i ,n il there thik-
.... ." II- -ji, "W hat are th.:y
ilInt ''" I ti-ii hii ,-f thin o,'f iht-
' Ar,.-:. ,iin i ar.i -ai ,J. "It I ti ily a
Si 1' .,I', ". ',:." le aid. "f -' uLI are
lilita! -i'. It i rt : lila-s i.t: c;ty. thai
'i i rii. I,-r. I ,.. upiion M iami as.
a ity of E 'riaJ Ytouiiltt. T-hse 'inen
'lid tVrniiel' are like girls! and,.boys
vAht, h:lyi nh r knti.tr ifeaar.'.'tefy 1o0.
.i.A lrio w whatt it. *I' ti hia flmid.t' ,


'(he C'ic y of Eternil Ymok-. -
Na-a\y tfiill.: of ItI, tLhI&t tirntlitemkl
Y u'.th, i h~,,-_ ea.l.iful' -t*t4,. .; Ait,-,i
..I.h tlful t a.* I -. t h ,~e trees that are
: '#:]",.', i,-t ri. 1 iu.'ln -think of wh'atl
i Mr. FIlag.r -.iit v.hein. I 'rad in 'ouw
daily !ai'ier- .' f ;,,mie apparently wild,
irazry -l.iiit Ir- I, ? pulle l iof by ytUur
p-l-jIl_-, jiiit.nviipt iu.ig'e *'uiiin. itf i1onley,
wlieii It1 '. iuli s.,- in .iA iif y)o thought
Il.it ,ill yinJ lihal lun il, v.as til gJ hut
in th.- 1iarty and Iil lia noney up by the
hi, .ih-ral. NlM. Flaizlri-'s w.-.i-ds rccu-
I, nl.., th. it it i- h.b- iity rf Eternal
Yiuth, : n.11 I b-ee -f you limyish men
ild -'i li-h ','.-ii, -n r v.ho live in this
I.ity rIf Iterinal Yi.ilh, o not, let the
int-ou i' V 11' ftlii, mant 'hn ilih i much
t',r .'h_,'iiln lI,? t,)r 'tl)ttelln.
Anil ,iio., in th.! nrii-e of the f.etv
nin.n atlia ar- lift. 'if Ille group asea-
iiai(ii x. .l.h Mr. F!:lpler t- his wn'l'k
on thl.- t'-t 'rast, I want to than
yiou 1.Tdin a.' t0i, Mianmi Womenms-
t. lubt flr yv ..r irn iembrance rf our
fie nil annd :liief in the establishment
of tlij,. l'ni.utifail niemit-riAl tablet on
the walhs of yiur club. Thd men
asisoiated 'w-ith -'Mr. P1lakiler''nipt re-
crat your action in tiis MattP-- Mtost
deeply.















t4na Owes Much to

J.E. Ingraham


In an issue of tile Manufacturers'
Record published in January ltire ap-
qears some comment upon the activ.-
ties in Florida of J. E. Ingraham.
present \ice preZid,-nt of the Florida
East Coast Railway that will interest
a large number of Farmer arnd Stock-
man readers Tihs comn-eri follows.
"Pr,.hal-.l no otrtnr man in Florida
has hadi SC:- l.irni-4ie -rn experience in
conn":i.-n i nith tit1 railroail rnd dii-
velopnient l'rk :,f' thiil Stlit a? Mr
Ingranam1. nwio is vie : nr sident of
the Flori.-i Ert[ I'oa t Ril,'ay Com-
pany, ,ind also r.rscd-it of tile Model
Land cI'onitp-ri y. [ jii Ij[r tr Oi rnin. soIrme
hundr.eis ..1r tinujsarn.-i *:f acre_ of iaind
secur l, y rs aCgo iy 1 ll r.-.lroadJ II
its earl l 'i., -. The: Model Lird Comri-
pany ha: i-.,rn o:nr. of the i.:a,iln aCcn-
cis of th Srtate in o., riin up larei
areas .:.f firirning land. ar,, no-w *s
largely itE'rested, s [l the Itr. ?.' t owt,-
er, of property, in the Ln!.- v':.rtn
drainage district, recently d.-.: itc,.d i n
the Manufacturers' Record.
"Mr. Ingraham's connection I.;lh
Florida dates back to its early days
of railroad construction activity, and
he has the unique experience of i, .-
ing been intimately associated n r h
rlie three Henry-s who stand out as ihe
roi:.t :C. ,i-r.r, lu r, developn'i-. t f.-.r.:es
in Florida's bi-anes. life. Theb-e i-:r
Henry- S. Sairnor-i of Connecticut, and
Henry B. Plant of the same state, and
Henry M. Frlat-r, who, while he called
New Yorl: ii, h-.me, was for the last,
30 years of his life more a Floridian
than a New Yorker, for to t h:e


J. E. INGRAHAM
ldeclopmeniit of tius State heE gave the
Itillness of liis life's work and for sev-
eral years before his death he reg;s-
teried as a citizen of Florida.


Mr. Ingrahan built tie South Florida
railroad from a point near Santord to
Kisslmmee for the R: M. Pulsifer Co.,
then the owners of the Boston Herald,
who became greatly interested in the
potenrtlalic i -s of Florida .nd,. %e be-
lie\'e. w-ere the flrst newspaper nimn Ir
thi< coournryr on their own individual
rccoIcnt to undertake the building of
a ra lrorad and tile- d-:'Elopm-tit of a
large t[err;t.r" This road riia from
Sanford to Kl.sninmee. Mltr. Ingranarn
was prerillnt of it, ani afterwards
sold f':.r Mes'r;.. FPulsif'er & Co. three-
iflfthe wt' r-'st in the rr.' l to Mr. Pl-nt.
then pr laient i-f tii Plant ln. e-stneri.
Con r,,n: ; nrdi ih.'. Seuth Florlda raii-
road was, ext.-:ndieti Li Tamnipa n ad Portr
Tampa. and in connection therer-.ith '
lin, of arer.nierc w.is put on between
Porl Tamn'i. KI-y -reit an.l Ha\ ana.
Mr. IT gr:l hilil :o ritin :d as pr.'-il,-n t
of rhatr ,:m crny for 12 'et-l's, unrtil
Mr. FlaIElr .lilpi.-nced. l; i.:-r rar ns
souli if Day[ils.ii hai tg io jrr to trn t
tinm i:nnfir,:d. I111- l 'ork to ra!! ro. rl -in ,
hotel :.r-. raticis h.. I-,cw, n Jairk .:.r-vliie
a nr] Di F ina
"An o inr' fr.iom Mr Flagler to Mr
Ingran3ia rc s a :taci: pi-d. a'ni h It" r--
sigrn-d in; poit.:ton ilnier Mr Plarnt
and t.-- ..an, .lr.i.- i -r ith Mr Flr'I--
Ivcr'F il.'-rai on' ic 1 -, and urilrrtoik
all of toli I.,i':,--. rrig n lork for ill thli
great ii,' 'el-:roirn-r[t or-cra.tions carried
nil I.,. Mr Fl"'-i ."r --:ulh of Daytona
froni tlaL tin.- oni.
"In his carly life Mr nlgrahami w~i
first a clerk and then general agent
for Henry S Sanford, who bought what


w.as afti-rward known as the Sanford
Grant. at Sanfora, Floridija built the
Snford House, the first tourlIL hotel inr
what i\a ,ih thi ri ought to be Southern
Frorid- cril hin-- a- o.:- it-. v. ,[h M* U
Sanford, Mlr Tri~raliani lai.i our rnrt
handle. th!ie d -i ic-pr-nit ..-f Stinforl
for eight or r n,n- .::-r' uni.l'r i.;.-ri: cr
Sanforil' orE-er ii,.,-r r. Sar '.:.r.i i h,.. ,
the cenEitr of one :ofi th- cr-at--t .:-7l- r.
and lettui ei- 'gr r ing r. t, .ins rr.:'LC.ibi.
in the vr.orl,
"Th .i. *c i ch thrc-- :.f the l. I. -ri ,r.
Florida -. iopment, each having the
o'hrilsta n ri nie of Henry-Henry San-
ford, Hr.-r:.- fRlant ana Henry Flagler-
Mr. Incr:ali''i was intimatel:- .:-
clated1 -iariig his experience -,-:lk to
'he tI nll-.n he built for Pulsifer &
Co.. of E:-...- in, the railroad from San-
ford to Ki-suinmee. Certainly this is
a varc-il a-rIl unusual experience for
any one iiman to have had- Probalbly
there ;l- r t.her man in the country
who lir,-- Itlil I such a relation to the
force s v i.-li nave been so powerful in
the biJhlln ..,p of the Interests of any
i-n- sccjh --
Few rn,-ii n America today have a
record .-.f *,.: oinplishment back .:- ri 'rni
that I- tII equal that of J. E. Jn r .irin.
C'erlair.l. no one man has been as im-
porttant a factor in putting over the
idea of better live stock in Florida.
Years ago Mr. Ingraham became con-
viric'.l that Florida possessed decided
advani .:tr- for raising improved live
Ftlock H- *knew good live stock and
what it would do for the State, so he
hegar, systematically to advocate the
raising of good live stock in Florida
and ro advertise Florida's advantages
in that direction in the public press
and in the vast amount of advertising
literature for the land holdings that
he represented. At that time there
were few people either in the State or
put, who would believe that it was
adantied to anything aside 'from the




A


ralstin of citrus fruits and 'truck crops
and entertaining winter tourists. Un-
supported and alone in his belle, Mr.
Ingraham contnned to. insist that dl-
versited farming with live stock In
Florida could not only be made profit-
able to tn. farmer, but that It would
bei:orni an economic necessity in the
near future People did not actually
scoff at lMr Ingraham's ideas, because
he had already made his reputation as
a man of vision. en-.rgy, ability and
good Judgment. but It took an awful
lot of per .sternt hammering on his part
to mak-: an impression. Finally his
opir-i.-n3 and Ideas on the subject be-
gan to take -*,oot and good cattle and
hogs appeared here and there through-
out thi State where they had been un-
kn.-.nr, before...
Mr Ineranam did not advocate the
impl.i:rti:.n of good stock into Florida
'* rthut preparation on the part of the
iariiore On the contrary, he urged
Il.t:i to be ready to feed their stock.
to grow such pasture, forage, hav and
grain crops sufficient to maintain their
stock and those who are today follow-
ing his advice on this point are known
as successful farmers. He was one of
the first, if not the first, to advocate,
the use of pure bred bulls on the range
to breed up the beef herds. He has
rendered a service to Florida by giving
publicity to improved live stock farm-
ing in the State that has never been
equalled.
Whatever The Farmer and Stockman
has accomplished in advancing the im-
proved live stock interests of Florida
may be largely credited to J E. Tngra-
ham, who not only gave the present


editor abundant inspiration to which
he added his influence and substantial
co-operation from time to time.
For a quarter of a century past. J. E.
Ingraham has advocated and preached
diversified farming with good live
stock as the most dependable source of
profit for the Florida farmer, and he is
still doing it today. Literally millions
of copies of booklets, pamphlets, leaf-
lets and folders, setting forth the
strongest kind of proof to sustain his
contentions, have been sent by his di-
rection to all parts of the Union. This
constructive- work has brought thou-
sands of good citizens to Florida with
millions of dollars of. capital, all of
which has ..caused several blades of
grass or food bearing plants to grow
in sections of the State where none
grew before.
It must be a source of considerable
satisfaction to Mr. Ingraham to know
that he was right on the question of
live stock farming in Florida twenty
or twenty-five years ago when few
gave his ideas serious thought. The
Farmer and Stockman congratulates
him upon the success that has attend-
ed his efforts as a developer of the
improved live stock industry of a cr.:.r
State.


KITSELMAN PENCE
PRICES AC r' F'rwirreo.
We Pay the
.OU moe-j. c;rc Wr.rcm'i Fa-
tory to arm. La-i:a bi.rtnEU.
Bi oden, o. wrllie Ibc riiece
- ordered oyou arri,-ed O.. I.
saved $14.00 on a K14 onnir.
You can't afford to fen: ,
i. you get our Big Free Cat
sowing 100o eltylesand helghbtof
sad awn fence, gates. ete. Wri e today
J TSBWU BROS Dept 1i llNied. [ulisa.


T \\ c> v I D


I








B: r jg NEMOIAb

Ingraham Structure Now Being
Erected Is monument To Pi-
oneer of East Coast.
THE Model Land Cc.T.pany. a si-b-
sidlsry of the Florida CRFa Coast
Ralalwav r.,rr,pan., i- pro-' ng a mon-
ument in Miami to the lmemor of ItE
fotrer president. and vIc? preldent
r.f the rallwa, J E ingraham, nrPe
of the first rarialli's and rnciner rn
to her.nmP In Trested In Ml.ami and
this section r.f the sta.r-
ThiJ mnnrument 1 ilIh new Ina-rn-
ham building, a mon.rn ..ffice build-
Ing cl' 12 '*[lice flrors above th,
street ieF pl. lo..-ate at the rn.,rthnast
corner of F. E Second avenue rnd
Firstr r.re~ r This nrcwent cf Miaml's
office butldingd h~Ins a fi'rn'age of
170 (frt In F SE ?r .:.r.n. r r nui tllh
of the Tatur.i hi ilri g anrd 1 .2 feet
in f. E FirLt street. It Is ar-oit lf.
feet high.
Construction work was started last
April and builders believe the build-
ing wlli bj ready for occupancy late
In 'January. The street floor will
provide eight large business offices
or store rooms. The southwest office
has t1: n taken by the Florida East
'.ast Railway for an uptown ticket
c flicc On the S. E. First street front
will be six store rooms. The main
:-.*by fronts on S. B. Second avenue
nnd. Is 45 feet wide. A bank of six
high speed elevators and two stair-
ways will afford access to upper
flnor- The 12 floors each will have

trHE building now is approximately
6 50 per cent leased. Besides its
tli.'et office on the first floor,, the
Florida East Coast has taken a lease
on part of the eleventh, which will
he used for its freight offices, while
the, Model Land Company has reserved
a suite of offices on the'sixth fioor.
The latter will be occupied by Pepper
& Potter, Miami representatives 'of
the Model Land Company.
The south and west fronts of this
buI ld ing is of imported- Indiana lime-
st.onf while the north and east fronts
are ,~' ornamental faced brick. All
th'. corridors will be finished with
Tennessee pink marble trim. The
street floor will be finished in marble
S and limestone with heavy bronze
door4. T cnt .-.f the building will
l.f ab.-.iut .,x)0, i**l ll
J E. Ingraham, after whom this
huildine is named and in whose memn
ory It a being built, was one of the
pl.on"ern of thi. I."' '- East Coast of
Floril.I. In vi-K, ie made a trip
rcrr,.. the EvPrgl-d.:. from Miami to
Fort l1':cr1 n tli' a iirty.
'Wlli Julia Tttle anrid Illian.
Brickkll. MIr. Ingraham persuaded
Benr,' Ni. Flaeli. to. extend the F.
E C rallvi :a cuth fro.n' Palm Beach
to Mianil. He nas a close friend
of -Henry M. Flagler until the latter's,
death, aid continued active in the
managerner-t o[ affairs of the F. E.
C. railway and the Model Land Comn-
pany until his death a little less than
two years ago.







p\),i l".


INGRAHAM STRUCTURE IS tONUTMEN1 t


(ontruelorsk erellung lie nei Ingrahlim office building hope to have
the tlr uelure ready if.r oceupaney late In Jnnuary. The building In In
Ihe nature of a memorial to one of Ihe EIat Coam.l' ploseers and a funmner
vice president or the Florlda EasH Coa bi HallHay Company.


PRESENT

F. E. C. RAILWAY,

) J J4H R VISIT
/^<- ~ ~ 3 p-l

TV many friends of Mr. and Mrs.,
J. E. Ingiaham, of St. Augustine were
glad to see them in Sanford for a
day's visit with Mr. and Mrs. F. P.
Forster, Mrs. Forster and Mrs. Ingra-
ham being sisters. J. E. Ingraham
.vas one of the pioneers of this city
>nd is fondly remembered by many
)f the old timers as one of the best
looking men in this part of Florida in
the early days. He was general agent
for General Sanford and laid out the
City of Sanford and had a beautiful
.home south of the city w'heie Mr. and
Mrs. B. A. Howard now live. Here
he .had a fine orange grove and all
that heart could desire in the way of
comfort and convenience with fifty
acres of bearing grove-all killed in
the big freeze that made so many rich
men poor over night. Mr. Ingraham


was also president of the old South.
Florida Railway and built the Pio
block and the Pico Hotel for the rail-
way company and many other build-
ings. Mr. Ingraham left here in 1892
to go with the Florida East Coast
railway, being an intimate friend and
asoi ate of the late Henry Flagler.
iMr. Ingraham is vice-president of the
Florida East Cuast Railway and pres-'
ident of thle. MAI-' Land. Co., that Qow.
thousands of acres of land fiom Phf'
luota in this county south to big'.Lae
Okeechobee and surrounding territory
and go south as far as Cape Sable.
SMr. Ingraham is greatly interested
g11ithe thriving little cities .on the
new' branches of the F. E. C. Ry., andi
was plea.'ed to get a recent copy of the.
Okeechohee News while here and, to
note the many improvements aUnd
changes on the big lake.
His nany Sanford friends ahd ee-
pecially his old time friends who kpe "
him so well in the early days are hop-
ing that he will so cover
re% iijuness and o
hiisg~ f again and thatlk 'i
'to Sanford f6r a lob c
time in th ,near futxre. :.''.


-3


IP

I)









DEATH CAIM-S VICE-PRESIDENT


I. E. .NbRAHAM OF F. E. C. RY


SHON. .. E. INGRAH.AM


J. E. Ira ba1 ho.ice-preo.iJeti of
the F'li.;,ian East 'oa,-t Railw.ay, a,'j
I:-:ideri, of tli. Model Land Comi-
pany ,ieil in Atlanta. Ga., at nar.'ni
t,,day. '..cl:..i.;, to ad.i. Ii, hichi
reached h.Ire arriril o'clock tlit ut-
tenrimi:.:i. Tlh tiJ- 4 ali callir t.:i Nli;
ElizaIe.ith I i.L' hrl i. : it.-r ,.,f .Mi'. In-
t.ls.hani. L:,ter tl..:- E ertjng R .co:uiJ
re -ei. i .d a ;,:
Enf!ti hi.- ni'.r nii n t e i--."ae- rserle
recea.e, i Icih -tpted Mr.' IneTamian
.raQ ,-1,1 ill \vi-th -p.icurnuonia 'this
ness C:flmiiC_ a= i : .hli:i.k after the ut'-
cOur*'...'n -' '"lh.h hiiad bteern Ir-
ce;(\i herii.- t .in theli pft' fe\. da:-
c-.',>rier l ,iriu. I-- L. id i n, :'l'u
i>nec I I in ri L. : it it- i . i p I I .
T'-.i e.(-X:i' JecI'>-: ofl Mr. I [ngr.ani' aA;
ifde el:.' ,.r of CFI.,idr ... Citre,:i 1.ai 1 :i
`e'. tter':. ale ,-6t.. L:.rii N,:,ve-,-..,er 1',
lil. :.t r'iartfoird. iti Green La-.:
.:.'iilit;,, Vi ')c a tin. F. -.II 1s'92 t:, .'
1'i,- .led -': .:-'l a~'ient f: i H enr y
M. FFla'e- i ci:,r 1S9i7 to 1SL' hre
acted .-,s and conunislioner for the
Florida E.ast C(cat Railway Contm
pan;'. Prior to lhs 'affiilaliati, with


Mr. Flaller'. tficif i f-. itl., lie did
similar vw.iik toward the devel,:iipment
iof FLoi .j.a a the ie-iht hIlid marinli of
Hhtunry Plant. another '...ili.ad builder.
Hie iar-ried iiana Eliz.ab -th Baket
iii 1.'72 at St. L ,uiiL., I v..... i. '.vh, ni bhe
i; Z : tLr,'!V 'l0 In 1 '_'2 tilh.- C:-!el:r,.t::j
th. -n" p.-:,d-n v.-.-ddi a1,7ni .e1 har'.
Thle'. have ir.A > children, .Jai,,,. EL. In-
pialini, .je'n-i rl agentt .of the indii-
trial dric irrtiie tl. of the FI-:!ida E-at
C,..ast RIlwav:y. a-nd Mr,. Ge; i.'e W.
Gil.,-s of ,Tcks.l; i>nvlle.
Dade county h'riiored Mr. Inigraham
b:,y naiiiing the great highnvay from
Mliani to 'Capl) Sable the Ingrahann
Highway.
Fe.w tien have played a greater
li;it iti the notable inward march
of Florida in the past half century
than the late J&mes E. Ingraham,
and the state .-:'v hInu a tremen-
dy:ou deht ..of gratitude. Mourning
o.er the pas.;ng of thii distinguished
railroad executive and developWi will
be universal throughout. this parf of
the country and wherever. he -tni his
works were known.


REALTY BOARD HONORS


LATE J, E INGRAHAI

Resolutions of Admiration and
Sympathy Are Passed at
Monday Meeting.


AT the nr.eeting of the Miami
Realty .iard yesterday at ihe
Wendo:.zvvou. ten members of the
board unanimoluly passed resolutionI
sf apr reclati':n and admirat'on of
Janmes E. Ingralian. d.'easeiJ. and ex-
pression .*f symparth. t.-, nil wife and
family The resoli tio.n follows
W'here.n : G'O,,d. In his infinlte wls-
dom lii3 given to 'our Ltloved fellow-
niarn nd f: irind. JlamA. E Ingraham.
the eternal rest in peact. and reward
of an unitlfi.'h llfe spent In honest
serv,-.e to mankind: and
Whcri.a... \V'e live and breathe the
life ,: :. iorturnate people In a favored
s ctiori. at a crnsequien.ce of ith dis-
tinct and unusual vision cf James E.
Ingr.i ham, nd
Wh.-'erac. It was hne i ho, through
long 'uffEii r.ngrii liri;hlri 3 in thicket
and s'.,arInl. bllaz-d th.: trail which Is
today tI'vi'-rsed Iy th. r rlrr.ads In
soul Ih Florid, r d
W lihr.:: 'fhTi pri,:.:. of*:' this gener-
aLion, and of the Er-. -r i r ln ns yet
uniorin. are the r.h ti. :itres for
whorni e gave the pr;n.- :.e-rs of his
life, .ver working v itrin .Jr, fish in-
tenft therefore be it,
Resolved, that we, the nrrmbers of
the Miami Realty Board, asienibl4
here today, in the heart of this won-
derful territory, which was opened
to civilization through his vision ar,'
courage, do hereby in our iitm sm)
sincerity,. express our appreciation
for the things he has done for us,
and our admiration of the Christian
manner which governed his every
action. May his wife and family
accept the sympathy we hold for them
in their bereavement and may they
gain the strength needed in this un-
fortunll:te llourl, by: the memory of his
deeds and tile knowledge that his lif
enrichened his country and bestowed
happiness upon its people.


~V P\Z*~fS~C &1U\I fi QQ(Qic. CC 25, --






Rev. L. Fitz-James Hindry Will Mr. Ingraham, who was vice-presi-
dent of the Florida East Coast Rail-
Officiate at Trinity And way Company, had an experience cov-
Evergreen Cemetery ering nearly half a century in con-
nection with railroad and other de-
it. T T T velop'ment work :> :f the state. He was
ity Is ed I born November 1, 15.i, at Dart-
Deepest of Grief ford, in Green Lake county, Wis on-
sin, and died in his seventy-fourth
year. His career ha.- been anr inter-
Body Arrived From Atlanta eating example of both sound inher-
This Morning Was Out- i, tance and individual initiative. His
S standing Florida Developer American aiicestiry !un back to 1690,
tandn Florda Develoand prior to that the Ingrahams had
Seen for several "centuries dwelling
Funeral services for the late James in t ie vicinity of Newn-ham Abbey,
Edmundson Ingraham, vice-president near Leeds, England. The first
of the Florida East Coast Railway American of the'rname was a younger
Company, whose death in Atlanta son, Edward Ingrahamn. The estate
and title having gone to an older son,
about noon Saturday was reported in h set sail In his own shin in 1600
the Evening Record of that day, will and settled at Falmouth, now Port-
be held at 3 o'clock Tuesday after- land, Maine. Thie,father of James
noon from Trinity Epicopal Church, E. Inerahani was for 55 years in
with Rev. L. Fitz-James Hindry, rec- active :er. ice as a clergyman of the
cor, offi,.iating, and the. interment Episcopal Church. He was a grand-
will be in Everi-re-en Cemetery. nephew cf John Phillips. one of the
The body left Atlanta last night first g,:,veinors of Massachusetts. and
in a special car, Mrs. Ingrahan, her a third cousin of the great divine and
son, James D. Ingraham, and son-in- -orator, Phillips Brooks. John P. T.
law, George W. Gibbs of Jackson- Ingraham married Cornelia F. Roote,
ville, accompanying. Joined in Jack- daughter of Judge E. Roote.
sonville by Mrs. George W. Gibbs. Jani,-e E. Ingraham finished his
daughter of the deceased, and Mrs. educatio.i at Racine College at Ra-
Smiith-Pickett, now of Atlanta, for- cine. \\V-.. and for several years
merely of Sanford, friend of the farm- lived at St. Louis, Mo., where he mar-
ily. tht body, with those who have ried and where he followed clerical
watched over it during the journey, employment. In. 1874, with his wife
arrived in St. Augustine this morn- and child, he came to Florida and
ing on train No. 29 shortly before I,-,r -e'.eral years was associated with
11 o'clock. H-ri;, S. Sanford, first as a clerk
Death came as a great shock to and then as general manager. It was
Mr. Ingraham's business a :ocTates iMr. S.-ford who had bought what
aiid to the entire state, for, although was ..ii-,wn as the Sanford grant at
his health had been poor, news had Sanft.al. Fla., built the Sanfo'd
but recently been received from the hou-e. the first tourist hotel in what
Atlanta sanitarium, where he had i w.. then thought to be Southern
gone for treatment, to the effect that Fliorida. and while with Mr. Sanford,
he was much improved. Pneumonia IMr. Ingraha'm laid out and handled
had developed suddenly, it was an- Ithe development of the town of San-
nounced. Ford for eight or nine years. Sanford
I The flag at the City Building is i, now the center of one of the
!at half-mast today in respect to St. great-_t celery and lettuce growing
A.ujgu tine'- distir,,ui-vhid citizen. section in the w,:.rl;j. Mi. Ingraham
I.hh.:. -erred as riayi.,r-C,-.mmissioner built the. S'.outh Florida Railroad from
i',. Ih first Board .f City Commis- a pr,,;nt near Sanf'ord to: Kissimmee
sio.iers under the psefent form of f:r the R. iMI. PulsifFr Company, then
go-rnme it. the o.w~.rs of the BR:ston Herald. Ir.
i The Rotary Club of St. Augus-;l inngrahamn becairie president. ansr imin-,
I tile. o,f whicJh Mr. Incrah.nm was one a-er of this railway in 187'4, and con-*
'.f the two honorary members, gave t:nued as president until 1892. He
i over its program today to tributes (Ciontinued on Page Four)
from his fellow Rtarians to. the
great Florida developer and loyal' ct-
izen -f this his home city. which T IIIT
he had served uiselfishly till the end. USINCERE IBDUTE
One of his last acts was to write i
a letter to City Mai:nager Eugene ,
Mates relative to protect PA MR INGRAHAM
asia ,d fr yn bv he BY EUGENE MASTERS
The death lias 'Ya.t a shadow over
the eautre i.mnmunity. The people Fritd of Forty Years' Standing
are boed in grief, and sympathy nd of Fory Years' Sanding
or ,the family 'is general among, the Speaks From Intimate
local, citizenryy. Knowledge
Jampa Edmnn'isol 'Ingralham of St. n
Augustrine wja oine of the last sur- A.t to.-i.ny's Rotary Club luncheon
vivors of that group of nien of great
vision. determination and enterprise nleetin-g, titnite w.as paid the u late
who molded the destiny of Florida Jain" E. Ing-ra-hlanl. through silent,
in the 'chief fri'ms that its modern rev\'rent remembrance through a
development ha- taken. He was not very naiuifes t grief, and through
only .intimately associated with but heartfelt 'words o love and appre-
an important instrument in effecting. citi' City Mllanager Eugene Mias-
the purposes and plans of at least ters as called upon by Col. F. H.
three of these historic Floridians, Sargent, president, to speak of Mr.
whose names will be commemdrated Ingraham as a man and as a citizen,
as long as the history of Florida is and he responded .thus:
preserved and studied.'


Chairrian IFred:
You have assigned me a privilege
such ,as is allowed few Rotarians: to
speak of our beloved member, James
SF.lIngraham, who departed this life
iSatuicla.y. O)et-br 25th, 1924. Th,-re
s!i a v..r;iLrcy. and there will alwa:y- be
la vacan.., in this world, for the
depth rf Janmes E. Ingraihami ha- left
la void never to be filled. A geitle-
mar.a n a scholar, a ftirnd to all man-
kind.. Is t il \wiiider we haiall miss
him? LI--iv years ago even before
Rotary xv'a a dre.nji, oir lamented
o-i .:-,rker wau living a true Rt.ai-ian's
h'life,. and in Iiecept a.nd e::a'inple car-
r;i- ,:ir di ii, viith his follUonman the
tr-day t.-a,.hmi"?s of Rotary.
Ma:. I sp'k-.L a- I 1-new him as an
a I'qil.i; aTn::P., a frie-ld arnd a counsel-
or f,..r .nirt:- than forty yepnrs? To
knori hio v.a: to adrlire, l].'e and
h.i.,n:rc him Su kind, o Ln- iderate,
nothing t,-,: tri.ial. no:thin.g tv':,c great
,P,,r h:!ii ii.:h n F:.ssible to render a
setcrvi: t... iian. to noniinrity. to
itr:e,. tro .J.tion. He" ",'a endowcd
with a slInit toi do. his dream of rto-
day .-.-as caried into reality tomorrow.
He gave of his time, his means that
the world might be better. Few

Semen leave this world for the Great;
Beyond who have donce oo mucl.
fcr mankind a; our depa!tod brother
Rotarianr "Uncle Jim," a wet affec-
tionattel ctdled hu-i in Rotary..
The nman whr, has .1-ft tthi- worldd
better for *havingi- lived i- trily
gclat mans. This mian. v,:, friend.
my friend, e'.eryb.:.dy's ft enr,. has
made the world hbett.er for yvi.u for
me, and for all ,wuh v.ill follow. Near
ten years ag,- wlhn hbu-iiner and .pro-
fesional nen hesitated t. serve- of-
ficially thi; city ,,in anc.ui of the
dread of rnakiin- eneriei.- tli'ouglh po,-
litical action or pal ti irl nun-action,
it was hie who biazijt the way and es-
tablished precedent forr ien to tollow
hi- pionr.er w'or: alld serve theiir city
in offutiial -;i)?c;ti.
Novtithstanding the many r.-ing
ordeals while oicuply.ng' t.h- p_:sitlon
of Chief Executi\e of ,i:" cit., he
continued n in hiis iuselfish strviec
until herJth demanded the volhitary
relinquih'irineht of hiis office. During
this period. as thriughl hIe entire life,
he' always held the tonfidenie. r--
spect, esteeti and lo',e of 'hi-: people.
As hiusbtand and fit.he.r, "Ui.nle
Jim" wrva: a living t,_,acher of 'the per-
fect hetl of -a faiiii y. He w.as tnrl,
a Chr]itian gent.lienan. No ision
I h'owevei humble oi e halted a stationn
"'held in this \vorld. \'as -.t,-. treated
ioither tOian courterui'y and \iven kindI
enniisideration ih t lii nIr.lI-trian1 of
Gond. It falls to;: ft-. of us, toi dliffer
1 with .'? t'elli,"r, man. refuse him 'a re-
qne.ct, and ye.t hold hi- e, teert and
friendship. Such a faculty he pir'-
sessed.
S at-i day:. whln the .sad neii of hi,s
death reached St. August;ie. his
home. thi, pladL i-e '1e : dearly lo\e-d. it
Swas received by all with expr'e.ions
of deep regret and with bov-wd ,heads.
W e realized that a true friend, a Len-
efaitor had been called to his well-
Searned reward of eternal rest to stay
*and abide forever with our Heavenly
1 FathLr. If ever a man deserved eter-
nal test and happiness that man is
James E. Ingraham.
He was truly my friend. When-
(Continued on page four)


__


c;F 2-






A FULL LIFl ENDS
"Mr. In'krahatn passed away peacefully at noon. Pneumonia
had developed." .
This brief telegram to the editor of the Evening record from
the brave widow ~ bf James Edmunson Ingraham, distinguished
citizen of St. Au istiye 4nd the Southland, brought news Satur-
day afternoon, which cast a shadow over the entire community.
All Florida, but; more especially the east coast section of the
State, lost a trtue friend and a tireless laborer for constructive
progress. Thousands whose lives had been touched "by his, were
hooked; and sympathy,for his bereaved loved ones-sympathy
of the kind that comes from the heart-is ascniversal and sin-
eeaf.8s .our sorrow is intense.
Time, in.its mercy, can heal the grief wounds which death
inflicts, but there is comfort in the consciousness that the long,
ever useful life wva. brimming with achievement and success. He
darto pioneer when Florida was largely wilderness; he dreamed
of a "eat and glorious, thriving empire south of the Georgia line.
and he lived to see that dream begin to come true. For half a
century, his life's prime endeavor was for the prosperity and
proper development of Florida. His'vision and courage kept
stimulated the matchless enthusiasm first of Henry B. Plant and
then of Henry M.'Flagler, for he served as right-hand man, accel-
erator and confidential advisor of both. following his notable
works with Henry S. Sanford, the other great railroad builder
and pioneer developer of Florida. all of whom plainly saw in this
State even then the possibilities and potentialities which, as a
result of their efforts, the world sees easily today. Though his
tasks were large and his responsibilities always heavy, J. E. In-
graham's sympathies were broad and his helping hand constantly
extended to those less fortunate than lie, especially when they
had demonstrated a determination to help themselves.
He built and directed the operation of railway systems and had
a prominent part in locating, subdividing and developing twenty-
six towns and cities of Florida, including Sanford, the Palm
Beaches and Miami-the historians and biographers will chronicle
that in detail; but it is more to his splendid character and fine
sensibilities. that we would pay tribute here in an intimate word
of esteem and personal affection. Strong and determined, a
leader fearless and full of force, he was at the same time sweet of
disposition and kiYid of heart-the sort of man that men loved
vifh genuine respect and admiration. A fighter for honest con-
victions, a doer wFi.etI indomitable v ill won him a wide influence
that was felt through the last hour of a constructive life, and
whose example will pro\e .a beacon light to Accomplishment for
the guidanceaand i spiration of future generations, he was withal
as, kiud and gent as a woman, with a never-failing faith in
humpnity pnd the simple tenderness of a,child. In short, he \vwa
one of those few hine characters, developed by each generation,
to stand but high bove.tlie multitude.
If to be loved br one'sdellownian: if to do good deeds-and con-
summat,,great ,,n. rtakings for.posterity, for, his ilopted State
arid. .for society -in-rgeneraf; ff-o live'uprightl3y in the fear of God
arl n brotherly love, if to serve ,well,.and prosper, be eth' measure
'4of. man. then J.J E. Ingraham' did not live in vain, but rather
success was truly his.
."Death is the crown OPlife; .
were death denied, poor man would live in vain;
''' Were death'denied, to live would not be life."

"To die is landing on some silent shore
Where billows never break, nor tempests roar;
Ehe well we feel the friendly stroke-'tis o'er."

For
"There is no death! The stay's go down
To rise upon some other shore,
And bright in Heaven's jewelei crown *
They shine forevermore."


tloose Pay Tribute ,,,
T. P J. E. Ingraham

A !ttiiig triotir, is paid to the
r iFmrv of J. E. Ingraham by the
L ,.yai Orider of M3:T....e. The following
expt ; .r:'i.n is iceil b'y i:.al I-dje.
No. 4's:
St. A ~i'i. tin. L.i,.l N... i.^,, Loy-
"1 Orderi M ,':. i. lnrire- rt- pro-
forulll 'r a : l:' ."' '' .. ht.'\ 1us-
t.ainrre in thi. r, -in:v- i. I brother
Jamtl E. I.ntihr: H a1 inriiei thih
a k fo'.- !.ti mn-irii.t in .'. Iiwh -i.ur or-
ir i etic_'. t l I ,ti llt r ai i up-
,',Pt ald ::. ni .,-%rI;,'. H _-' .i- rl.vway I
Sk.,e t..u n....J : f :.i. 1 i nl rti
her' :a '.., r t .. '-- ,inted
6 hin'. Hi- in l f,:.r us
I kl. \ e j.,Ln ..it i lt ,",.te i.t rivn y
t Lthe St r.:- .f Fl.' id. Ii enxtiling
i. r til h t-,,. .h .i e, ii lll .
S-i,.- Ic. tl Hth, hc t i.f 1 1 .I -. a Life
pt -,:-v. ,--- H o-r.. Lh.I. ht tlnat.
ii'o alti[~,s t, ,*,t' f :.rI:.itfioa.k o
tUlf aid tli.i:.l Ht .t' 'l-ri.i.
"HiL I;f e wa. te ntl.-: : ,. dthe eTk
Slt i t ;1 41, i


i oU 1II.I.L 111 n 111111, aIL
stand up
ind. say to all the.
was a man.
St. Au astine .-L'ide,
aJ Order of lM'.ose.









' < + ; .


.l t. L.I O lh l _. 9 >
:worll. 'Th i.

No. 49S, Loy-








"c vs,


I _


I


C:cl-~-










iold for its ownerss a three-fifths in-
terest in the road to Henry. Plant,
then president of the Plant invest-
ment Companl, y. The South Florida
Railroad was exteN.led to: Tampa and
Port Tampa, t, Gaines\ille and High
Spriiin-, a:nd il connection therewith
a line uf -tteame-irs was put on- be-
tween Port Tampa, Key West and
Havana. NMa:y of the towns between
Saiaford and Tamipa were located and
laid out by Mr. I ngraham's direc-
tion.i .
,From 1892:to 1897 Mr.-Ingraham
acted as general age it for Henry IM.
IFla.gki. Mr. Flaglei. prior to that
late, had confined hii work to rail-.
:oad and .'lutei oiperatoniii between
lack:.-cilie. aftd Da yt..ina, and about
892 commenced his operations -south
Af Daytona. Mr. Ingrahani under-
.ouk all the pioneeriig '.',.rk for the
treat development opLeratinc cauiried
)n by Mr. Flagler, south of Daytona,
tnd the establishment of towns, nota-'
bly those of West Palm Beach and
Miami. B ,
It is a matter of special histoiric
interest that much of the develop-'
ment work in South Florida in recent
years is based on the technical data'
Accumulated by Mr. Ingraham during
the rnot:lble Tngraham expedJili.:n of!
.ldarch and April, 1892, when a party
'which he, haid ,iij riciz.- and of which
ae was the head ran a lin of levelss
.cro-s the -lntifi p.e 'iii ulr though
'he Everi.laJde- li-tiict froip Fort
Mlyers to M[iami. Yenir later' the
:tate .1t l.ir idoi uui.d tin data: estab-
lished by the. Ingrahamr expedition
if, rarnizinIAiile BlyriqLpiSIr@in-

Ih I 'i.litiu ii-t other ;ojirit:ion ,,
Mr. Ir, an rari, from' 1997 l to 19ig,'
,acted as land (...iinim-jfie foi th
Flc.,il.a E:-if Coa:t Railway Con-
panr anti friT:-i 1' : t7 103 wasi
t'i;r "c-ir Tfi-'l f'itft"fi fl-Nt i i'tlr)
pai[,;t ,, azin -d u 1.901 .. .i l eai tee
-pe p id-'n. CEdI I&** ta i'eident,
.f the Mih-el Land Comnpani. the
,:ri'ai. C"GI. .;'I.U,^ '"Ct ,,iT.ip y, th@
h..,d.:,ts L'.-iip an ,t)h[ OlieechJl h,
Company;,i mLxittir'y urg'an~iiatioins of:
their Fiacier sy-'tenm.
ThuI- Mr. litgrahiua had the uniquely
'xpe;'rin e Lf h11 .i1ii been a-si -i:-,iated 1
.vith the thiei HniiryS, who stand out.,
i. th, mi'.'st *.:,oncpi,.uoui development i
forces in Floltida's tb'Liine.s life.
I rhes- v.ere Henry S. SardLold of Con-
nectiCut wh,, re:till g;.'e the stMart
to the :itru- indua try o'f Flotida, aind
Henry Plant If the sam11i state, and
Henryi M. Flaglet, li1., for the last
thirty years of his life was more a
Floridian tliitri a New Yorker, and
to the d-ev.lopmient if this state gave
the fuliine: o:f Ihis life's work. Prob-
ably thteim is ii, other man who has
held such a reltioii to the forces
which have been so powerful in the
building up of the interests of any
one state.


.-' AX .c \


Mr. Ingraham has been a director
in the First National Bank of St.
Augustine since 1893. He was chair-
nman if St. John-n county bond trus-
teir. and on July 7, 1i15.. wai elected
S in itel.r uf the first city -omntr is-
niorn o,f St... ugu-tine. iwas chosen
chairriar ardJ iaiyor on the same
dite. andl by ie-'le.tioin continued as
mayor until, January 21, 1921i. when
ill-h'alth caused him to resign. Mr.
Ingrahanm was a- Demuocrat, and
amoiin the varioud organizations that
have clairiied the hor,'r' of hi- mem-
bership ar- the St. A.\gustine Coun-
try Club, q.f whi:li he v.a- president;
the St. Augustine Yacht Club, of
which I-n was a trustee; the Biscayne
Bay, Yacht. Club. the Seminole Club
of Jack.sonville. the Gilbert Bar
YaI.h Club. thleLoyal Order of hMoose.
He .ws a member of the Epicupal
Church.
June 10, 1872, at St. Louuis, Mo.,
Mr. Ingraham married Maria Eliza-l
beth Bsal:c. In June, 1922. they had
tle rare good forturinaof cile-bratingr
their g...l.len wedding anniversary.
Mr--. I],rahaii is a daughter of Sam-
uel A. Baikr of England. Turee chil-
dren were born t: their marriage, the
first, Annie Ingraharii, dying in in-
fancy. The son, Jaime-: lirip.:-r"ingra-
ham, married Frances H. Hopkins.
and has two childrieni, and the daugh-
ter, KTathleeni Maria. is the wife-of
Georze 11. Gil-bs. and they also have
two children. Mr. Irnasrahan i.s also
survived by a sister. Mis. Elizabeth
Ingraham of this city.
James Draper Ingraham is the
general agent of the:F. E. C. Ry. Co.,
.industrial detl'ai-t.l n dt, and in charge
of the Ja:-k',.n ville l.'i:e. represent-
ing the Flagler System Land Com-
panies.
George W. Gibbs Jr., is the presi-
d, lit. of the Gibbs Gas Engii-e Com-
pany of Jacksonville, Fla., and also
has shipyards in connection with his
business.
Dade county, Florida. honored Mr.
Ingraham by naming the great high-
way from Miami to Cape Sable "The
Ingraham Highway." This highway
is now nearly completed.


-K\CK V.CQ&CAcZ OCX T 2 1 LtZM\


sociate nmmiber of the Rotar-y club,
this committee including John J. Gan-'
non, chairman; Herbert Felkel, Henryr
W. Davis, ahd Xavier Lopez. The
resolutions were unanimously adopted.
and a copy was today sent to Mrs. J.
E. Ingraham.
i- -TV resolutions are as follows:
"Whereas. God, In His infinite wis-
dom, has removed from us our be-
loved and universally esteemed fel-
1wL 'Rotarian. James k. Ingrahama,
kriawn affectionately In Rotary
"Uncle Jim,? -'who departed this
near the noon hour of Saturday,
tqber 25, 1924, In Atlanta, Ga.; and -
'V'hereas, his going has left a Vgt
caficy in our hearts in our club; St
thnl community he loved so well, ta
the state he gave his life to developT-
Ing, and in the world that he mniad
better by his sojourn In it for seven-
ty-fnur years, a vacancy that .w'
not be filled; and
"Whereas. He was a leader of nea,.
a strong and lovable character ar*&i
most polished, Christian gentlemaB
whose example will prove a bdieo-
light for the guidance and Inap aI
tion of future generatiyns strTflti
for success an4 constructive achlle-
ment: and ,
"Whereas, the members of thl- EO-
tary club are bowed down in 'grIef
,and their hearts are overflowlngc it&
'tender, sincer. and deepest symoathy
for this brave helpmate through 'ait-'
a century and the other loved ,.n
he leaves: Therefore
"Be it resolved. That the mTi
of the St. Augustine Rotary ci
regular .meeting assembled, .
sympathy to the bere-aved faniy
through the Inadequate words-of thi;-
resolution; and '
"Be it further resolved, That a liage
In the minute book of tild club be'
set aside in meaory.-of ,Rotarlan
James E. Ir.graham: arid
"Be.it further resolved.That.a co0y.
of this resolution be forwardeq'bg,
the secretary to Mrs; Irtgrahaam, and
that. the press also'-he furnished 'l.,i
c.oplies. '. '-'*
"The Rotary-Club of-St.'-Atiustlae'
"By JOHN J. AN .-'.9N3,:.
"O s aa"i
--M M E -- l


?PP c L c2-





I tMTt'$dt$4 ^G-Ct' vt -1o-Q hj I


S- A T L 1N IC GQ e A N
.- .


.. - ---- *- ._.- ..-- --


.. .. e ORTH.- O
n -

S --u---- -
A- -
2lh.- 9W-


PROPOSED CANALS-John H. cLerson. aVolusia
representative on the Central and South Florida
Flood Control Commission. nas to .present this
plan for a barge canal Irom Lake Harney to the
Turnbull Hammock at the head of Indian Riv'e
No. I and a reservoir canal from the head of
Indian River No. 1 to the lower Spruce Creek
Valley, to the U. S. Engineers at a meeting to-
day in Sanford, .Geraqn, who runs a service
station in New Bmyrna Beach, wants a lock


Pleasure Boat


Use Proposed


For Canal
By ROBERT FOLSOM
From Our DeLand Bureau
SANFORD-The use of pleasure
craft was interjected as a prime
argument Into hearings here to-
day on the proposed $10 Tlldlion
Sanford-Titusville Canal.
Heretofore, the project's sup-
porters were permitted to base
their arguments only on the cbm-
mercial value that could be de-
rived from ihe proposed waterway.
At today's packed hearing
the three man Board of Engi-
neers allowed arguments on
the use of pleasure craft Ie be
added and canal proponents
took full advantage of it.


and spillway across the St Johns River where
Li. S. 17-92 crosses to Impound the water at a
certain leMel in Lakes Monroe and Harney:
another spiliway and lock to impound the water
in tre barge canal on an equal basis with the
lakes: and a trurd lock and spilway at lower
Spruce Creek Valley where the water can enter
into the coastal waterways. Tne prjqcLt-t-.4e-
_- jody divert the St. Johns River flod wvaters
tr coaa aterWays,


They told the hearing, m effect,
that opemng of the canal to rec-
reational craft would bring people
to Florida who are interested in
seeking sites for both homes and
industries
As now proposed. the 45 mile
'canal would connect the St. Johns
JRiver near Sanford with the In-
,dian River waterway~ and the Ar-
lantic Ocean just north of Titus-
ville.
SThe lone suggestion to change
he existing route was offered by
Harold A. Scott, representing the
executive committee of the Bre-
Vard County Flood Control Com-
haittee. He proposed that the route
connect in the vicinity of Indian
4ver City rather than Titusville.
The three man Board of En-
gineers sat by silently and
asked few questions. They ,
were Col. E. E. Kirkpatljck,
Dist. Engineer; Angelo Tabita,
chlef or the hydrology section;
William 0. Kosld, chief of
I the navigation reports section.


,Ge~l ,hh _n"Gibbs Corp.,.
,Jacksonville, was irsfl o give tes-
timony.
He told the hearing that the
canal is "the backbone oi all de-
\velopment" and tnra Florida has
the makings of another Great
Lakes.
He said the grov.wh of Eleat sea-
ports like Zone of the Gieat Lakes',
cities has largely come about be-
cause they have been fed by ca-
nals at negligible cot.s in water
tansportat ion.
He advocated construction of
the canal and said low cost barge
travel on the proposed waterway
would promote industry in the
state.
Sanford Mavor David GatcH-
el said his city is putting In
a breakwater and canal basin
Ivhich would be completed in
the near future. He indicated
that it could provide a base
for much of the pleasure craft
activity.
"The canal would greatly en-
*hance the pleasure boating facili-
ties of this area and these facili-
ties could go a long way towards
paying or the canal," Gatchel
said.


I-,-- .. ..--- . --- -----. ......


J


I U


-He added that the city feels
more optimistic about obtaining
the waterway than ever before.
This is the second attempt in
five yean to obtain a.pptoval of
Sthe project. After a hearing in
1952, the engineers turned down
the project as "not economically
justified."
Canal proponents from DeLand
were represented by Earl Brown,
president of the St. Johns-Indian
River Tmprovemer'tf Assr : Phil
Knox and Forrest Breckenridge,
manager of the DeLand C. of C.
Brown urged the building of
the canal and said the use of
recreational boats "would be
great ."
He denied that the association
has any vested interest in the
building of the canal.
"The association is not an or-
ganization that represents any in-
terest or group," Brown said. He
added: "I don't own an inch of
land on the St Johns River."
Brown said' ** think it is the
greatest development in Florida
That can take place under the
Ssun. If we don't get it now we're
; goihg to keep on working until we
Sdo get it."
Knox presented a DeLand C. of
SC. resolution endorsing construc-
tion of the canal. Knox represent-
ed the Lake Beresford Yacht Club
composed of about 200 members
who he said are "enthusiastic over
the project."
He said Ihe canal would
provide a great circle of rec-
reation and owners would be
able to put their boats in at
any point. It would benefit all
the towns along the waterway,
he added.
Breckenndge made three points
'i his presentation to the engi-
neers. He said construction of the
canal would:
-Permit thousands of small
boats to ply up and down the
river.
-Open large up-tream areas
which would create more hunting
and fishing. This wiU "outweigh
the minor disadvantages of killing
the tish and certainJ there is no
reason to believe that this would
happen."
-Give an outlet to the ocean in
the event of war or some other
national emergency.
Breckenridge explained that he
has been in close contact for sev-
eral month; with future industrial
interests that he Laid will avail
themselves of the canal almost
every day. He said negotiations are
in the final stage to bring these
industries into the area and an
announcement will be made in the
na r future.
H. C. Gee. of Gee and Jenson
Inc.. West Palm Beach engineer-
ing firnn. submitted two reports to
the engineers.
One was a report of the traffic
analysis on the crossstate bare
canal which revealed that an esti-
mated tonnage of 13 million short
tons would move annually over the
canal following its completion.
The other report was an esti-
mate of tonnage on the proposed
Santdrd-Titusvllle ean a, *dhich
showed that an estimated 620,000
short tons annually would move
over that canal.


I '






Sunday, November 30, 1947


election G


'Vhat's This-



It Wasn't Easy?

By FERMAN WILSON '-
Herald Real Estate Editor
N R. INGRAH.kA shot a duck on the wing with a rifle, but
that isn't the reason why they named a Miami skyscraper
in his honor.
Mr. Ingraham did a lot of things in days of yore for which
-Miami has been, and should be, duly
il .... appreciative. Mr. Ingraham,. James
S.. Edmundson Ingraham, to be specific,
,. S o s was the sort of man who could clip
67 l a dodging duck-or help build Florida
I I railroads at a time when that was
about the only kind of roads being
built.
J. E. didn't pop the duck just for
the pleasure of popping ducks; he was
hungry, and so were his 21 company
FERMAN WILSON ions, deep in the fastnesses of the
Everglades sloshing their way to
Miami from Fort Myers.
This was in March of 1892. The trip was completed but
it wasn't easy, like it is today over modern highways.
Tequesta, the journal of the Historical Association of South
Florida, with Charlton W. Tebeau as editor, tells about it.
Dedication soon of "the Everglades National park will
cause the world to learn, if it doesn't already know, that the
Florida Everglades are not mysterious tropical jungles with
king-size snakes hanging from- moss-covered trees.
The 1892 Ingraham exploring expedition was believed at
the time to have been inspired by Henry B. Plant's desire to
build a railroad through the wilderness. The trip cured Henry
of any such intention and it also cured the explorers of
traipsing about the Everglades.
*

'Excessive Use of Profanity' Forbidden
BEFORE starting the trip, Capt. Newman, in charge of the
group, issued certain-orders, one of which read:
"Excessive use of profane language is forbidden."
Wallace R. Moses, who,, as secretary, kept a record of
the journey, fails to note whether anyone took advantage of
the loophole to use a few strong words, bur it is natural to.
presume that the secretary,hiniself, while drying the-.aaiac
,of his shirt after a -evere tropical shower, let go i'", .
Scott" when his garment caulgt fire.
Some idea of the t,:lliui.z fIr is f:t'ndci fromll tlle-e brief
extracts from the secretary's notes:
"Opinion of some of the population was that we would
shortly return to Fort Myers, failing in our efforts to cross .
the Everglades."
The fourth day out:
"Magnificent bodies of cypress timber extending south-
ward along the line which is known as the Big Cypress,
being virgin timber. The whole gang very tired, footsore
and weary and full rations of mutton tallow and bandages
were served out."
The following day:
"Wesley Boyd concluded he had sufficient of the expedi-
tion and will return to Fort Myers. S. O. Chase and Frank
Hendry on a trip today found several Indian villages, in one
of which were bananas killed, by frost. They saw lemons, and
gua\as of two or thi'ee varieties. One of the men brought in
a wild turkey gobbler of an estimated weight of 18 poundS
Game very scaice, however. Snakes cofnspicuous by their
absence."


Endless Sea of Saw Grass and Lily Pads
NINTH day out:
"If.ihis country could be drained, a vast expanse of arable
land could be opened to develupniment. It seEmis rich and could
easily be cuiiv ated: once the \vater w\ia perianc-ntiiy removed.
Reached an islacn'l: forl a dry sleeping place. The island has a
very tropical gro -.tl' and is tle richest yet visited. Enormous
large ferns with coarse leave:: one leaf inme.zured 12 feet in
l'Ingtli. Water for the day iitiasiuredJ 12 fe:t.
"At this. point my work uaa- iulerrupted; an inquisitive
moccasin snake :attempting to clani l up iny left shoulder."
The snake and the secretal y paled company, and rapidly.
It was on the 10th day. v.'itl rr'ionis- b.- ginning to run low,
that liiIjh.din bagged the driLck. By the 1;li day the men had
.eL OnimE iir .,:i and ii itible," a di. \Nith only food enough
:o la-t f.-jLu r idlays," ~ ple':lic; mernt sliortl. to be some-.
\what relieved by trout "JumpInr iito our twio cinv'as- -
dlliiin was 5til1 13 miles awa,. MI:oses. noted: '-.
"Constant wading in \rater and bog has weakened all
and considerable lassitude prevail lint no one is ill. Very
few mosquitoes or other insects."
And tl.lni 'on the 23rd :i-.\:
"\VE arrive:i at Miami at ri'.:n and v.'Ere vatiml'y \el'rri:med
by Mrs.' J. D. Tur-tl. a friten-:i' t 1Mr. In~2iaihain . .Milani is
situated on the ,.:,utli side of, the Miami river., in the angle
made by Biscayne bay and ci:n-i:t< ',: Mr, Brickell's itore.
warehouse and dwelling. The p.;ir olfilce is in the store. The
B i.k li: die delightfully located in the midst of orange, lemon.
anl.i co:'i:'onut trees, together with other tropical tree. arid
growth. Some of the coconut trees are 40 feet high. Mrs.
Tuttle has quite a stock farm and dairy, with an abundance
of chickens."
The property described is now known as Brickell ave.,
long recognized as Millionaires Row.


Sol s '',,. a Lincoln Ir io -,c.ia !li. IecP- ',tly rI I:ei\'ve a letter
from a young friend studyi- mrii.' iner a Han arij. v..icri caused
Sol to observe: "There's a h1d fril:'l jac.:.I.:,irnlil. v',o io siC h'riliiant
he's already invented several c.ic: ti: i. .irli~ rh lri. are no dlieaei."
*

She's Irked By Lack of Indiridualistic Designs
"OH, yes, they're buIliiln a!-:li bildinil~ oit here in North
Miami," writes Mrs. J. G Loienzo. Randd some ':'f the winter
residents aren't going to kl'Oii thel place.
"When they finish alE rTih billion, it'i going to look like
a great big federal housing pIoj:ect-in fact, it doe: already ..
all this regimentation, or ha\e the arclitecIt run out of original
ideas for individualistic d(t-ign- for dii.ilexli- an,:l h,:,me;, and
what have you?
"It's a dirty deal ouilair Miaini ik getting. and it ain't
hay-I mean what one niust Ipay to the pri ilege of living
in one, of these 'projects.'
"I live ii -a,, tsl;, little ,1d 'i|.c i i l 'il. \e had to hia\e a
place to live, didn't we?) bti irn very ui2iihnes- xpre-ses iMndi-
Vidiiiii'v. and I :upp,.: e I hj..uli b1e thianiful . I love Miami
and I love the beauty of.:'ulll-r:i n tII ri.e, anid your frangipani,
alid btit of ail the .Amiriiicaniml that allows one to e4prem-
inii'.'iualiim--o. v.lilh 'coni t we?" .
You did, Mrs. J. G., and more power to yoih in getttug
more diversified home designs, and in getting more trees
wherever the landscape is bleak and bare.



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iS $Motft tniobonn.
In doing so they "will select lo-
catioris where bought commodities
can be moved at giant savings in.
transportation cost," he added.
Opponents of the plan were to
be. heard at this afternoon's hear-
Sing.
About 200 Jammed the hearing
at1--e.ButnaMHqtel and by their
applause it readily waB Appuent
that sanal suippouters Were in the
majority.

.' A -S -sic


SANFORD The Sanford.
Titusville Canal must be built
lif Florida is to continue to
grow industrially.
This was the statement today
of Gnorge Gibbs, Jacksonville,
who has been a proponent of
the canal for more than 30
years.
Gibbs said that waterways
have developed the Gulf area
of the South and that Florida
must have the St. Johns and
Indian Rivers connected if
Florida is to continue to de-
velop.
"GREAT CITIES"
"The great cities of Florida
-Jacksonville, Miami. West
Palm Beach, Key West and
Fort Myers have become
wonderful places to live and
big industrial centers because
they are accessible by water."
Gibbs said.
Col. E. E. Kirkpatrick of the
U. S. Corps of Engineers
opened the hearing on the ca-
nal before a packed room at
Mayfair Inn here this morning.
OPPOSITION?
There was indication that
some North and Central Bre-
vard County interests were on
hand to oppose the canal. Col.
Kirkpatrick said everyone who
wanted to speak would be giv-
en an opportunity to do so.
"The cost of building the St.
Johns-Indian River [Titusville]
canal has been estimated at,the
comparatively trivial sum of
$10 million. Yet it would guar-
antee adequate protection/
against floods and drouths, cu-
freight rates on non-perish3ble
products amounting to millions
of dollars a year and provide
thousands of boaters in Cen-
tral Florida with a quick route
to the Indian River and the
lower East Coast while at the
same time giving the residents
of the Gold Coast a short cut
to the scenic wonderland of the
St. Johns."


TESTIMONY
This was testimony given the
U. S. Engineers by Rolland
Dean, former owner of the San.
ford Herald and now associate
editor of the Orlando Sentinel.
"Our inland waterways mtist
keep pace with the continued
growth of our state," Dean said.
If they do Canaveral will be-
come the gateway to the world
and Sanford will take its right-
Ful place as the port of Central
Florida."
Dean told the engineers The
sentinel is firmly behind the
project .
SHe outlined the long years
whichh have been spent in un-
iuccessfully attempting to get
he project built.
TREMENDOUS BOOMN
"We on The Sentinel are con.
",inced construction of the


,a
)o
le
h
;o


nal would ne a tremendous
on to Sanford and the entire
nntral Elaridare.a, and that
e benefits' whic~'F ay be rea-
nably be expected far out-
weigh the costs involved," Dean
said.
"The construction of locks
and spillways in connection
with the canal would provide
an invaluable measure of flood
control for the entire upper St.
Johns valley where thousands
of acres of rich cattle lands are
subjected tq periodic floods
and drouths disastrous to their
economic well being and where
millions of dollars worth of
highways, houses and other
public and private property
have been repeatedly damaged
throughout the years to the
extent of hundreds of thou-
sands of dollars.
ECONOMIC ASSET
"We believe that water trans-
portation between Central Flor
ida and Port Canaveral would
be a tremendous economic as
set for attracting new industry
to this area and for strengthen
ing those already here. The
Orlando Utilities recently con
eluded an agreement to bu3
half its oil supplies through
Port Canaveral at a savings ol
$12.892 a year in hauling costs
from Canaveral compared witi
Tampa.
"With construction of thi
canal Canaveral would become
the distribution center fo
Miami and the entire lowe
East Coast.
"The savings effected by th
Orlando Utilities also would b
available for Florida Powe
& Light, the Florida Powe
Corp., Pinecastle Air Base an
all the other large consumer
of oil in this area."


SDean said, "'We'believe thel
value of pleasure craft in a
pleasure seeking state like
Florida is of enough command-'
nag importance even if there
were no other considerations."
Dean said the Southern Bell
i telephone Co. estimates 150,-
S000 more people will come to
live in the Central Florida area
it serves in the next four years.
S"These people are not com-
ing here in search of superior
cemetery lots, but are looking
for a good place to live. They
are young active people who
enjoy the great out of doors
and are making their homes
where their leisure hours canj
be spent with their growing
families soaking up Florida's
sun."


per Transportationi

A WATER TRANSPORTATION
would mean to Central Florida residents
with respect to the high cost of living was
made abundantly clear at thecanal hear-
ing in Sanford Wednesday by GeorgaflQl.-
erGibbs of Jackso nvi1 Aho said that
barge rates are 20 to 50 pet. cheaper than
rail or truck.
He pointed out that during 1955 more
than 41 million tons of cargo were moved
on the Intracoastal Waterway between
Brownsville, Tex., and St. Marks. Fla., at
a saving in freight costs of $83 million.
Petroleum is not the only commodity
which lends itself naturally to barge trans-
portation. Such products as steel, coal,
lumber, aluminum, fertilizer, cement and
other building materials, farm machinery
and many similar supplies can be shipped
advantageously by barge lines.
"Most basic industries cannot survive
unless they are on water courses such as
we seek to provide throughout Florida,'
f said Mr. Gibbs.
s If they do survive, their savings in
h freight rates can be passed on to the ulti-
mate consumer in the form of lower light
e rates, less costly houses and other build-
r ings, and generally cheaper living costs.
r I Water transportation for Central Flori-
da would go a long way toward offsetting
e the evil effects of inflation.


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