Group Title: Manuscripts, Speeches, and Writings
Title: Manufacturers Record 1922, Jan. 26.: " ...Some Historical Facts About Florida".
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Finding Guide: A Guide to the James Edmundson Ingraham Papers
 Material Information
Title: Manufacturers Record 1922, Jan. 26.: " ...Some Historical Facts About Florida".
Series Title: Manuscripts, Speeches, and Writings
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Publication Date: 1922
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Box: 1
Folder: Manuscripts, Speeches, and Writings
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Subject: Ingraham, James Edmundson, 1850-1924.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00095313
Volume ID: VID00011
Source Institution: University of Florida
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60 MANUFACTU RECORD.


"Keep Your Head Above the Financial W/aters and Bet

On the Growth of the Country"-Henry M. Flagler.

SOME HISTORICAL FACTS ABOUT FLORIDA'S, DEVELOPMENT AND REMINISCENCES OF A FEW
OF ITS GREAT CONSTRUCTIVE BUILDERS-THE UNIQUE EXPERIENCE OF J. E. INGRAHAM,
VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE EAST COAST RAILROAD, IN 45 YEARS WORK FOR FLORIDA.
[Editorial Correspondence Manufacturers Reeord.].


The shipment of a box of oranges of unusual size and
flavor to President Harding as a Christmas reminder of the
many pleasant trips he has made to this city and state, and
also as a reminder of the great fbod producing possibilities
of this section, has called forth from Mr. James E. Ingraham,
the vice-president of the Florida East Coast Rialroad, ani
interesting letter, in the course of. which he said:
"It has seemed to me a very strange thing, in my forty
odd years' residence in Florida, or since 1876, when I came
here from St. Louis with my wife and young baby, full of
ambition but very limited means, that other people should
not see the State and its resources as I saw them, and I
could not understand why they did not, and don't now
understand; but more than all else, during all of this period,
while I have had much to do with development in different
parts of the State, with the three men who have done more
than any other three men to develop Florida, it has been a
puzzle to me that the Government-the administration, it
did not make any difference whether Democratic or Republican
-should pay so little attention to Florida, its vast possibil-
ities, boundless resources, and incalculable advantages, one
of the greatest being its nearness by rail to all the important
cities in the United States. .If the Government would have
done one small part of its duty towards Florida, in the way
of drainage, that it extended to irrigation in the far West,
Florida would have three or four millions of people here
instead of one million, and its attractions for health, pleasure
and business would be as well known, or better known, than
California. It is very probable that distance lends en-
chantment to the view, and that is where California puts it
over on us.
"The box of oranges which you sent the President was
almost as good as the box of oranges which I had picked from
General Henry S. Sanford's grove at Belleair, near Sanford,
and packed and given to Gen. Grant, when he turned the
first shovel of earth, beginning the construction of the South
Florida railroad. This box was a standard box and con-
tained 60 oranges, all picked from two trees.
"Gen. Sanford's work was the beginning of an interest in
Florida by men of vision, enterprise and means. After he
bought the Sanford grant in the early seventies and es-
tablished the town of Sanford at the head of navigation on
the St. Johns river, he built the Sanford House, the first
tourist house in what was their known as South Florida,
and planted the first big citrus grove in the state, of over
one hundred acres of trees, about three miles from Sanford.
He established as well the fact that pineapples could be
grown commercially in Florida, and pines were shipped from
the pinery at his Balleair Grove to No. 8 Covent Garden Mar-
ket, London, in the early eighties, very successfully, but after
they were planted commercially on the Indian River further
south, Mr. Sanford dropped them, but he imported quantities
of high grade pines, slips and suckers, from India and Persia,
for which he paid very high prices. He also imported a
large number of high grade orange trees and among other
trees, the Villa Franca lemon, which established itself in
Florida. He entered upon the first colonization scheme of
importance, bringing over five hundred Swedes, men,. women
and children, whom he established,near Sanford and in the
vicinity of his great orange grove. He established a large
store at Sanford, called the Sanford store, the first general
store, probably, in Florida, and carried on business through
his agents, from Tampa to Punta Rassa and Punta Gorda on
the West Coast, to Titusville on the Indian Rivel, and Lake
Harney on the St. Johns river. He always contended that
Florida was really so close to New York that it should be
considered at the entrance to the New York harbor.. Mr.
Sanford did a great deal of real philanthropic work, as he
gave of his knowledge and the results of his investigation of
fruits freely to his neighbors, and to any one who desired
them he would sell, at merely nominal rates, cuttifigs for
budding purposes from his fruit trees, or if they could not
pay for them he would give them away."
It is surprising, and has been for many years, as stated.


by Mr. Ingraham, that the National Government has never
seemed to grasp the almost infinite value of this State to the
entire country, and therefore it has never given to Florida
a hundredth part of the attention which is given to the arid
lands of the West, though the returns from money invested
by the National Government in the deepening of Florida's
rivers and in the draining of some of its overflowed lands
would have been returned manyfold in profit as compared
with the profit from the irrigated lands of the West, upon
which the Government has spent so many millions and tens
of millions of dollars.
Mr. Ingraham's well merited tribute to Mr. Sanford sug-
gests that if he can ever be persuaded to write of the many
and varied philanthropies of Mr. Flagler, with whom Mr.
Ingraham was intimately identified, he could give to the
public the most interesting chapter in all the life work of
Florida's greatest constructive genius.
It was mainly for the purpose of emphasizing to President
Harding and the country how large a part Florida is playing
in feeding the country, and how vast are the food potentialities
of the whole South, that the writer sent to the President a
box of the largest oranges which he had ever seen, accom-
panied by the following letter:
"As a reminder of the Christmas season and of your many
visits to the Daytona section of Florida, I am sending you
by express a box of Florida navel oranges of somewhat un-
usual size, weighing each from a pound to a pound and a
quarter or more. I doubt whether there has ever been
shipped from California, the supposed home of the nave
orange, a box of oranges averaging as much in size and
weight as these Florida oranges. They have thin skins, and
are full of the finest flavored sweetness that the glorious
climate of Florida, with its rains and its sunshine, can pack
within an orange skin. I am sending you these, not merely
as a reminder of your many pleasant visits to Daytona, but
to suggest that these oranges are simply typical of the limit-
less food producing resources of this State, and of the
quality of its products.
"Florida.is even now, though.but in the infancy of its
development, annually shipping more than 50,000 carloads of
foodstuffs to the North and West, contributing, thus, greatly
to the welfare of the entire country through furnishing in
the mid-winter season, when most needed, this abundant
supply of winter grown fruits and vegetables.
"In addition to the 12,000,000 or more boxes of citrus fruits
which are annually shipped from this S'tate to Other sections.
fruits that are essential to the maintenance of the health of
well people and soothing and comforting to those on beds of
sickness-in homes or in hospitals, Florida annually ships
thousands of carloads of early potatoes, cabbages, celery,
,lettuce, tomatoes, strawberries, and other winter grown food-
stuffs. It is in this way contributing immensely to the food
supply of millions of people in the North and West who are
now able to have fresh vegetables throughout the .winter.
And yet Florida's development has scarcely begun.
"This State has an area seven times as great as that of
Massachusetts, but only one-third as large a population as
Massachusetts has. It has vast areas of overflowed or wet
land awaiting drainage, in addition to the great areas which
through the enterprise of the State and of individuals have
been drained and put under cultivation. The drained lands
and those to be drained equal in fertility the richest on earth.
As the reclamation or drainage work is continued, enormous
areas not now under cultivation will be made available for
enlarged food production for the nation. There are also
millions of acres of good cut over lands from which, the tim-
ber has been taken, and which have not yet been utilized for
agriculture, although these lands, too, are in most cases ex-
ceedingly productive when properly handled, for the growth


_ _


.^/' January 26, 1922.







January 1 26 92 MNFCUER EO


of citrus fruits, for a wide variety of vegetables, and in many
cases for general agricultural purposes.
"In view of the great interest which you recently ex-
pressed in your annual message to Congress in regard to the
importance of the reclaniation of the wet or overflowed lands
and,the cut-over pine lands in the South, I am taking the
liberty of mentioning these facts merely as indicative of
what this one state is already doing in the way of supplying
essential foodstuffs to the entire country. With a continued
increase in population, with the utilization of the idle lands
available for cultivation, the contribution which Florida can
make to supplying foodstuffs to the country can be increased
many-fold before the limit of its productive power is reached.
It may not be amiss in this connection to say that the avail-
able reclamation lands in the South, if drained and put under
cultivation, could easily be made to produce from $2,500,000,-
000 to $5,000,000,000 annually of foodstuffs, live stock in-
eluded.
"Hoping that the flavor of the oranges which I am shipping
will remind you of the charms and the glories of the climate
of this State and cause you, when burdened with the mighty
responsibilities which rest upon you to seek again in this
heaven favored land rest and invigoration and new strength
for the larger duties of the future, I am, &c.
Mr. Ingraham's letter brings to memory, however, some
Interesting facts connected with the great leaders in business,
who with a vision of the potentialities of this State con-
centrated their work many years ago upon its development.
Mr. Ingraham himself is one of the men most conspicuous in
this work; one who identified with the State for nearly half
a century has lived to see some of the fruition of his own
work, and that of the other men with whom he was'very
closely associated in the past.
Probably no other man in Florida has had so unique an
,experience in connection with the railroad and development
work of this State as Mr. Ingraham, who is vice-president
-of the Florida East Coast Railway Company, and also
president of the Model Land Company, the latter owning
some hundreds of thousands of acres of land secured years
ago by the railroad in its early days. The Model Land
,Company has been one of the leading agencies of the State
in opening up large areas of farming land, and now is largely
interested, as the heaviest owner of property, in the Lake
Worth Drainage District, recently described in the MANtU-
TACTURERS RECORD.
Mr. Ingraham's connection with Florida dates back to its
-early days of railroad construction activity, and he has the
unique experience of having been intimately associated with
the three Henrys who stand out as the most conspicuous
development forces in Florida's business life. These were
Henry S. Sanford of Connecticut, and Henry B. Plant of
the same State, and Henry M. Flagler, who while he called
New York his home was for the last thirty years of his life
more a Floridian than a New Yorker, for to the development
of this State he gave the fullness of his life's work and for
several years before his death he registered as a citizen of
Florida.
Mr. Ingraham built the South Florida Railroad from a
point near Sanford to Kissimmee for" the R. M. Pulsifer Co.,
then the owners of the Boston Herald, who became greatly
interested in the potentialities of Florida, and we believe
were the first newspaper men in this country on their own
individual account to undertake the building of a railroad
and the development of a large territory. This road ran
from Sanford to Kissimmee. Mr. Ingraham was president
of it, and afterwards sold for Messrs. Pulsifer & Co. a three-
fifths interest in the road to Mr. Plant, then president of the
Plant Investment Company; and the South Florida Railroad
was extended' to Tampa and Port Tampa, and in connection
therewith a line of steamers was put on between Port Tampa,
Key West and Havana, Mr. Ingraham continued as president
of that company for twelve years, until Mr. Flagler com-
menced his operations south of Daytona, having up to that
Time confined his work to railroad and hotel operations
betweenn Jacksonville and Daytona.


An offer from Mr. Flagler to Mr. Ingraham was accepted,
alfd he resigned his position under Mr. Plant and became
identified with Mr. Flagler's operations in 1892 and undertook
all of the pioneering work for all of the great development
operations carried on by Mr. Flagler south of Daytona from
that time on.
In his early life Mr. Ingraham was first a clerk and then
general agent for Henry S. Sanford, who bought what was
afterward known as the Sanford Grant, at Sanford, Fla.,
built the Sanford House, the first tourist hotel in what was
then thought to be Southern Florida; and while associated
with Mr. Sanford, Mr. Ingraham laid out and handled the
development of Sanford for eight or nine years under Gen-
eral Sanford's operations: Sanford is now the center of one
of the greatest celery and lettuce growing sections probably
in the world.
Thus with three of the leaders in Florida's development,
each having the Christian name of Henry-Henry Sanford,
Henry Plant and Henry Flagler-Mr. Ingraham was intim-
ately associated, dating his experience back to the time when
he built for Pulsifer & Co. of Boston the railroad from
Sanford to Kissimmee. Certainly this is a varied and un-
sual experience for any one man to have had! Probably
there is no other man in the country who has held such a
relation to the forces which have been so powerful in the
building up of the interests of any one State.
The memory of the writer in connection with Florida goes
back to the time when Pulsifer & Co., then among the busi-
ness forces of New England, were identified with Florida's
development. In those early days Florida commanded the
attention of farseeing men, who planned great things and
dared to do great things, recognizing that the time was com-
ing when Florida would be appreciated as one of the chief
assets of this nation, not only because of its superb climate
for health and pleasure, but because of its limitless agri-
cultural potentialities.
Among the men who in those days did big things for the
State may be recalled Deland who founded the town of that
name; Stetson, the millionaire hat-man, who became so
interested in Deland's work that he founded Stetson Univer-
sity in that town; and Hamilton Disston-who purchased
from the State a million acres of Everglade land for the
purpose of reclaiming it and establishing a sugar industry.
Disston built at St. Cloud a sugar refinery, which proved
that it was possible to produce in Florida a high grade of
sugar at a profitable price as compared with sugar raising
elsewhere. But financial and political forces gathered against
Mr. Disston's work and the reported fear of some of his own
family that he was investing too large a part of his fortune
in an enterprise so daring, caused the abandonment of his
undertaking, and his death ended that work. And now other
Philadelphia capitalists have taken up the project of sugar
making in Florida and have let the contract for a large
sugar mill. Nearly forty years ago Hon. W. D. Kelly of Penn-
sylvania, then known by reason of long membership as
.the "Father of the House of Representatives," and sometimes
as "Pig Iron" Kelly because of his devotion to a tariff on
pig iron, wrote from Florida a lengthy article for the MAnU-
FACTURERS RECORD predicting that this State would become
an important sugar producer, and that prediction will yet
be fulfilled.
A drainage scheme so vast as Mr. Disston had in mind
and about which he often talked with the writer, was beyond
the financial ability of any one man, unless he be a man of
such almost limitless wealth as that of Mr. Plant or Mr.
Flagler; who could pour their unnumbered millions into the
State. Had it not been for the steady stream of wealth that
flowed into Mr. Flagler's coffers from his interest in the
Standard Oil company-and he was at that time possibly
-the second largest holder of Standard Oil stock, it would have'


January 26, 1922.


MANUFACTURERS RECORD,








MANUFACTURERS RECORD. January 26, 1922.


been impossible for him to carry through successfully the
gigantic plans which finally culminated in the extension of
his road from Jacksonville to Key West, and in the estab-
lishment in connection therewith of a direct car ferry transfer
system to and from Cuba. Mr. Flagler must hai e put of his
own money into this railroad and the hotels built for the
development of traffic for it, possibly $75,000,000 to $100,-
000,000.
In talking with him once when he had just formulated
his plan for building the "Over the Sea" railroad, an ex-
tension from Miami to Key West, he said that the moment
he saw that the Government had definitely decided to build
the Panama canal he recognized the importance of Key West
and knew that if he could carry his line to that point it
would hold for trade and for Government service, if ever
needed, the most strategic point on the Gulf of Mexico for a
dominating position in peace or in war, and for all the region
tributary to Cuba and the other West India islands and to
Panama and the seas beyond.
Travelling over this Key West extension once, as far as it
had then been completed, with Mr. Flagler and a few others,
Mr. George W. Perkins, of J. P. Morgan & Co., said to the
writer that no banking house in the world would ever have
dared to finance such an enterprise, for there was not, he
said, a financial house in this or any other country that would
not have regarded it as a visionary and impractical scheme;
but what bankers would have deemed impossible had, through
Mr. Flagler's wealth and faith, become a reality. This
success had, he added, so completely demonstrated the wisdom
and far-sightedness of Mr. Flagler's plans that any banking
house in the world now would be justified in becoming
identified with any further financing that might be needed.
On that trip of inspection with Mr. Flagler were Mr.
Perkins, Mr. Henry Walters, president of the Atlantic Coast
Line, and Mr. Michael Jenkins, then vice-president of that
line and president of the Baltimore Safe Deposit Company,
and the writer. As we got out to inspect the concrete
viaduct which stretches from Long Key southward, Mr.
Perkins or Mr. Jenkins, (memory is uncertain as to which,)
turned to Mr. Flagler and commending the solidity of the
structure said: "I can almost believe, Mr. Flagler, that when
the pyramids "have crumbled into dust this structure will
still stand unharmed by time."
How little some men appreciate the possibilities of growth
of a state or country was illustrated on that trip when a
Miami business man, talking to the writer, bemoaned the fact
that Mr. Flagler was building the line on to Key West.
"Miami," said he, "was founded on the idea that this was
to be the southern terminus of the road, and those of us
who have located in Miami did so with that understanding;
and now the town is doomed to decay and death, because
there is no possibility of its surviving an extension of the
road on beyond here to Key West." And he rather vigor-
ously criticized Mr. Flagler. How dull of comprehension
and of foresight all who thought like him are seen to have
been in the light of the amazing growth of Miami-a growth
which caused its population during the last decade to increase
by about 440 per cent, a growth which has made Miami one
of the marvels of American city development.
The writer has often wondered if the pessimistic critic
who could see no hope for Miami, is not typical of the pes-
simism which often causes men to fail utterly to see the
opportunities ahead of them, and the limitless possibilities
of development in this country of ours.
Mr. Flagler was such an enthusiastic believer in the future
of the United States as a whole that on one occasion when
asked how one might learn the art of succeeding financially,
he replied:
"Keep your head above the waters financially and bet
on thd growth of your country."
Daytona, Florida. R. H. E.


Building Continues Active Throughout South.
Construction activity in the South is being maintained at
near the December level, and in -some instances is even ex-
ceeding the record for that month. New enterprises are
starting and established plants are going ahead with orders
that will keep many of them busy until spring buying in
volume is resumed.
Building permits issued during the week ended January 14
in Houston had a valuation of $497,812, the largest being for
a $107,000 wharf; the remainder were all small projects.
The total for the first two weeks is $687,117.
During the past year Charleston, W. Va., added 514 dwell-
ing houses, 332 new apartments and three office buildings
containing 72 offices according to a survey just completed.
Building operations will commence in the near future on
a $300,000 market building in Atlanta, according to an an-
nouncement by the Market Engineering & Development Co.
of that city. Robert & Co. are the architects.
The Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co. and the Chick-
'asaw Shipbuilding and Car Co. announced recently that
two of the Birmingham district's outstanding industries would
operate steadily at normal capacity during the first half of
1922. They will be the rail mill at Ensley and the pressed
steel car works at Fairfield. The rail orders include 45,000
tons for Louisville & Nashville, 45,000 tons for Southern Paci-
fic, 14,100 tons for Japan, 15,000 tons for Texas and Pacific and
other Southern roads. The normal production of the mill is
6000 tons. The car works began the year making 300 cars for
the Steel Corporation, besides doing a large amount of repair
work for the Central of Georgia. The Seaboard Air Line
order is for 200 steel phosphate cars, 1000 ventilated box
cars, and repairs on 5000 cars.
Alabama was making 75 per cent more iron January 1
than on July 1. At the beginning of the new year 13 fur-
naces were active compared with 5 on July 1.
Last week 2000 tons of sulphur from Texas left Galveston
for Mobile in ocean-going barges for the Steel Cities Chemical
Co., at Fairfield and other acid manufacturers in the district.
These barges will come up the Warrior to Birmingport and
thence to the plants by railroad. This is the initial cargo
in what is intended to be a permanent and steady movement
from Galveston to Birmingham via Mobile and the Warrior,
and the yearly tonnage will probably exceed 50,000. The
sulphur comes as a return cargo, coal having been taken to
Galveston on the down trip.
Building activity which promises to exceed early expecta-
tions is under way in the Port Neches section near Beaumont.
Texas, since work started on the big refinery of the Humphreys
Pure Oil Co. Permits for 200 houses have been issued,
in addition to business houses and small industrial plants.
Huge docks and wharves are to be built along a large part
of the waterfront. Many millions of feet of lumber have
been shipped from Behumont this month and other vessels
are now loading and additional ships coming for cargoes. A
cargo of 5700 sacks of rice recently departed and during the
week of January 14 there were six vessels loading miscel-
laneous cargoes. Work on a $2,000,000 system of concrete
sewers is expected to commence shortly.
R. B. Chance, chairman of the Board of County Commis-
sioners, Reidsville, N. C. reports the sale of $400,000 Rockin-
ham County 5VY per cent bridge and road Bonds at a
premium of $4410.
During the first two weeks of this month permits for 94
dwellings were issued in Kansas City, Mo. This exceeds
any previous, number issued in that city during the first
month of the year. While the permits include a number
of apartments, office buildings and business structures, Matt
S. Shinnick, superintendent of buildings, reports that many
other projects are being planned and that permits for these
will be issued in the near future.


MANUFACTURERS RECORD.


January 26, 1922.





PRINCIPAL OFFICE
ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA


J. E. INGRAHAM. PRESIDENT
W. R. KENAN. JR., VICE-PRES.
S. HARRISON, SEC. & TREAS.


JOHN B. REILLY
AGENT
MIAMI, FLA.


;r-" -- .
H I'HILIDHIE KEEP WO\LEN
[ YOUNG SAYS MI%- BA.1R 1
10



1 ^ s


I:~ p



., ', '


. .




'MSAM.Llr4 BAISJS.


JUL 30 1915

ANS.


S Mrs. Amelia Barr
Mrs. Amelia Barr, the famous nov-
elist, who 'at the age of eighty-six is
writing her sixty-eighth novel, stop-
ped 'long enough in her literary' la-
bor at her home in Jamaica, L. I.,
to give a few views on women in
general.
"America is likely to develop a
race of prematurely old women,"
said Mrs. Barr. "Business- women
grow old in 'mind quickly and it
shows in their faces. Women are not
built for business, primarily, and
When they enter it, they are likely
to become masculine, more coarse in
their Manner and feelings."
Mrs. Barr deplores the lack of
Christian faith among the modern
women. "It is appalling," she said.
"Men may do without God, but wom-
en cannot."
Her crowning remark was '.Womi-
en cannot keep young without chil-
dren. It is the children that keep a
woman ever youthful and make her
Retain her interest in youth."
S -rs. Barr had fifteen children,
1rii of whom are still living. Mrs.
SKirk Mnliiroe at C'o:aniit Grove-is a-
I dyiglhter of Mrs. Barr.


MoMa l Eanb fI nmpany




Wffire of Agent


fMiami, 3oriba







'1SWTiettr Baby.
Pro tIhe Detroit free Pres,
"dsn'thle a pretty baby, John? Bee,
jtr3 ldok at hiro and the mother bhlds
up the tiny creature to papa, who kiss~e
and fondles him lovingly.
"Y's, Kat, he is a pretty baby, but
Tod'was a pretty baby, too, you rBmelm-
tber."
*'Yes, Tom was a pretty baby-every-
boJay id so." and she glances across the
r, p tafn sunny-faced 4-v'-ar old, "but
WtUlieS not like Tom. While's hair is
:light and his eyes," looking wistfully into
the baby's faeo, "are .dark. and so disep,
that wVien I look in them I am almost
idraid, they Liave such a far away light,
they'see-m to see somniethmb we cannot."
"Oh, uonseusel don't thiuk that. He'll
grow up to be a ine fellow. But Kate, I
wouldn't think so muoh about him, one's a
dear good. little fellow. but I wouldn't
worshiphiim: it isn't right."
"As if I :could help it. the mother says,
reproachfully, pressing the slight form
closer and looking nlto) tme da k eyes
year ingiy.
.A mouth passes away, and one day they
stand beside a small, white casket, within
which the pretty baby is sleeping. Ah, the
mother's eyes were sharp. and when-
friends said, *'what beautiful bright. eyes
he has,'' she saw tho tar away lFiok and
knew itas the light that never was on land
or sea.
'"Oh, John. Jobnl!" she moaned, "I
knew he riwan't long for this world. I
could see it iu his eyes:. Oh, my pretty
baby I"
'* *Ys, dear, you were right," says papa,
and there is a quiver in thb- arm roice; -*'i
it had pleaded God to nave left him with
its we n oulld hrnv calrid for him the best
we oiuld, but wie must give him up, for It
is Hia will, and He knows what is best for
us."
"*'Ys, I know it," and she stoops and
cuts a tiny wisp of hair fr-m the baby's
head. **Oh. John, you sid I woTrsbped
'Mm. I d11i, oh, I did, and, Go.. forgive
,.i I C.an't. be surry for it now, be was
suoh a deiir, iprtty t;aby.",
,r'ars pass on. Other tbabi-s are born.
They are all pretty babi-s. every one w\ho
sees therum say tot, but nono are like the
baby with the far-away looi. A.- thuy
grow up they i,,ve to gitlher aruoiud
motJher's chair, and -he never tires toiling
of tni dark--eved lithy who weut to liv-
with Gud. And, whn with childish curn-
osity they open the Bible to lo1ok at. the-
piFeture. and find between thet leaves a
tiny wisp of hair ti,:d witn a whlti aatin
*ribb,'u,. they touch it reverently and
whisper b.:ri.-nath their breath: "The
pr-ttv ijabr."
eari's still pls. on The children grow
to be stunrd m:en anil wor-men. and as the
,moth' r weat hes tueiu hb s.met.tmes
thinks, "**f be had it\L' i h iWould havre
been suoh u beautiful man," andi then she
smiles and is glad that. in heaven thire is
no tini,:, and no maIttr how the others
may i.hangi- lie i stil the pretty btblv.
SOnr lav they "althr around herbed,
and, looKing in eart: other's tace, mourn.-
fully whisp'er:
'**'-he is dying?"
ShLe tretches't her thin hand toward the
table on whih t.ne old Bible jests, and
they say:
S'"jelnt.aby's hair."
TI cy piact- it in her hand. She kisses it
tend.-ri and a bright. -light comes into the
dim old eyes, and their say:
'*What does ase see?"
She smiles and whispers: "The pretty
baby."
Ti.,y place the nisp-of hairon her breast.
and zuld thu wrinkled hands upon it, and
tenderly lay her by the aide of the pretty
baby.










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