• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Abstract
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Hardware and software requirem...
 Getting started
 Using the program
 Ordering information
 Reference
 Back Cover






Group Title: Computer series Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Title: Sugar cane budget generator
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095265/00002
 Material Information
Title: Sugar cane budget generator
Series Title: Computer series - Florida Cooperative Extension Service ; 687
Alternate Title: Sugarcane budget generator
Physical Description: 1 computer disk : ; 5 1/4 in. +
Language: zxx
Creator: Rohrmann, Francisco
Alvarez, Jose, 1940-
Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1985
Copyright Date: 1985
Edition: Version 1.00.
 Subjects
Subject: Sugarcane -- Economic aspects   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Summary: This microcomputer program generates budgets for sugar cane and performs the calculations.
System Details: System requirements: IBM PC or compatible; 192K RAM; 2 disk drives; monitor; Lotus 1-2-3 version 1 or 1A; printer.
General Note: Description based on: documentation dated September 1985.
Statement of Responsibility: Francisco Rohrmann and Jose Alvarez.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095265
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 20780039

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
    Abstract
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Hardware and software requirements
        Page 2
    Getting started
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Using the program
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Ordering information
        Page 12
    Reference
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Back Cover
        Page 24
Full Text
10o
September 1985
September 1985


Disk(s) under separate cover


Circular 687


ar Ca G ra


Sugar Cane Budget Generator


COMPUTER SERIES

Francisco Rohrmann and Jose Alvarez


Central Science
Library
JAN 30 1990
Un'vefsty of Florida


'-I
mm


101 active Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences / University of Florida / John T. Woest, Dean
F636c
687
guide




































































Trade names are used liberally in this document. Their mention is for illustrative purposes only and does not reflect any
preference, support, or relationship by or to the authors, The University of Florida, and The Cooperative Extension
Service, in any explicit or implicit manner.





















SUGAR CANE BUDGET GENERATOR


Francisco Rohrmann and Jose Alvarez


(c), 1985, IAS, UF





















FOOD AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT
FLORIDA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA








UNtIWRSITY OF FLORIDA LU-











ABSTRACT


This. manual explains how to use the "Sugar Cane Budget
Generator" microcomputer program. With the input figures provided
by the user, the program estimates costs and returns associated
with a sugar cane operation. A special feature allows the user to
change input values and assess their impact by directly going to
the returns outcome section. Although developed for a large group
of Florida producers, the program can be modified and used in
other producing areas.




Keywords: Sugarcane, budget, costs, returns, microcomputer.





ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


The authors thank Rom Alderman, Robert Emerson, Karen
Mettling and Susan Phillips for their useful comments and
suggestions on the program and the documentation. Our gratitude
to the many sugar cane growers in south Florida who made valuable
contributions during the development and testing stages of this
package.


IBM PC is a trademark of International Business Machines Corp.
Lotus 1-2-3 is a trademark of Lotus Development Corporation.













TABLE OF CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION . . . . . . .



HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS .



GETTING STARTED. . . . . . .



BUDGET DESCRIPTION . . . .

The Screen Access Menu. . . .


Methodology . . . . . .



USING THE PROGRAM. . . . . .


Land Use and Yields . . .


General Costs . . . . .


Annual Machinery Ownership Cost


Sugar Cane Operations . . .


Production Costs. . . . .

Revenues and Costs. . . . .

Returns to Factors of Production.


Saving and Printing the Worksheet


ORDERING INFORMATION . . . . .



REFERENCES . . . . . . ..


. . . .



S . S



. S S S S










* *


















SUGAR CANE BUDGET GENERATOR


Francisco Rohrmann and Jose Alvarez


(C), 1985, IFAS, UF



INTRODUCTION

An enterprise budget is a systematic listing of income,

expenses, capital, labor and machinery requirements for a given

crop. Preparing enterprise budgets, especially for complex crops

such as sugar cane, is a tedious and time consuming task. This

manual presents a microcbmputer program that generates budgets

for sugar cane. Although the use of computerized budgets does

not reduce the data requirements, the calculations can be

performed in a faster and more accurate manner than when they are

developed by hand. Furthermore, they also provide fast answers to

"what if" questions.

The "Sugar Cane Budget Generator" presented in this manual

was developed for a large group of Florida producers. The numbers

in the example run pertain to a 640-acre farm and were mainly

taken from Lopez et al. (1979) for demonstration purposes. Readers

interested in recent estimates may consult Alvarez and Rohrmann

(1985). The budget can be used for smaller or larger farms by

entering the appropriate data.


*Former Graduate Research Assistant and Area Economist, Department of Food and Resource Economics, IFAS,
University of Florida; Gainesville and Belle Glade, respectively.
1










HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

The "Sugar Cane Budget Generator" program comes with the

User's Manual and the Distribution Disk. The program works on IBM

PC microcomputers, or compatibles, with a minimum configuration of

192K memory and two disk drives. If printed reports are desired,

a printer is also required.

The distribution disk works in conjunction with Lotus 1-2-3.

Either version of this package (1 or 1A) can be used. With


version 1A,


most numbers that


must be entered by the


user are


highlighted while the other numbers are calculated by the

program. This version supports a hard disk. In version 1, none of

the figures are highlighted. As a general rule, the numbers

within boxes in the Tables are input figures provided by the user

(unprotected cells) while the rest are calculated by the program

(protected cells). The only exception is the block of four

columns in Table 4 where fixed costs (repairs, taxes and

insurance, interest, and depreciation) are calculated. These

numbers, although highlighted, are not protected. If a number is

typed into a protected cell, a beep will alert the user of this

fact, after pressing the key, and the message "Protected

cell" will appear on the left of the last row of the screen.

Pressing the ESCAPE {Esc) key will allow the user to continue.

The user should become familiar with Lotus 1-2-3 before using

this program by working at least the first four lessons of the

1-2-3 Tutorial Disk. After learning how to move the cell pointer

and enter words and numbers into the spreadsheet, using this

program should be relatively easy since other operating
2










instructions are provided in this manual.


GETTING STARTED

Before running the program for the first time, a back-up

copy of the distribution disk should be made and stored in a safe

place. The instructions for duplicating diskettes can be found in

the IBM user's manual.

To start a session, place the Lotus 1-2-3 disk in drive A

and the distribution disk in drive B. Turn the computer on and

answer the date and time prompts. Then press for the

1-2-3 Lotus Access System and, finally, when requested, any key to

continue. If version 1A is used, the Screen Access Menu will

appear on the screen. With version 1, the keys must be

pressed to reach this Menu.



BUDGET DESCRIPTION

Ihet_Sreen Access Menu

This screen is like a table of contents which lists the

major sections of the program along with some operating

instructions (Table 1). Its main purpose is to show the budget in

short, logical sections and take the user to the desired location

in the worksheet.

The first 10 numbers of the menu contain input and output

sections of the sugar cane budget. Some sections occupy more than

one screen while one screen may contain more than one section.

Sections 1 and 2 are on the same screen. Section 3 includes the

original screen plus some information to the right and some more

3










one page down. Section 4 has additional information one page

down. Section 5 occupies one screen while 6 and 7 are on the same

screen. These seven sections require input figures. The $ may or

may not be entered but it will always show in the proper places.

However, the program will not accept commas when entering

thousands although these will also appear on the screen.

Section 8 has only one screen. Section 9 contains more

information one page down. Finally, section 10 occupies one

screen only. It is recommended to go back to the Screen Access

Menu by pressing every time one section of the budget is

finished before moving to another section. However, and

regardless of the 1-2-3 version being used, an alternative way

to move around the budget is by using the Page Up (PgUp} and

Page Down (PgDn) keys.

Section 11 prints parts of the worksheet or the entire

budget. A menu is displayed for the user to make the desired

selection.

Sections 12 and 13 give the user flexibility in the

recalculation process. These two numbers set the recalculation

command to manual or automatic, respectively. When number 12 is

selected, recalculation occurs every time the CALC (F9} key is

pressed in the READY mode. In this case, the CALC indicator

appears at the bottom of the screen whenever a cell value has

changed since the last recalculation, and reminds the user to

press the (F9) key to recalculate the worksheet. When Automatic

(#13) is selected, the worksheet is always up-to-date. Which one

to use depends on the user's preferences and the type of work to

4










be done during a session. Remember that, when Automatic is

selected, one must wait until the entire worksheet is

recalculated every time a number is changed. Manual, on the other

hand, is best when the user wishes to change several values

before looking at the final results.

Section 14 takes the user to the Help Screen (Table 2). This

screen contains a brief explanation of the special commands

specific to this program.



Before continuing with the program, the user should be aware

of the methodology used for calculating some of the cost and

return figures and the built-in constants in the program.

Emphasis is placed on the computations that do not appear

obvious:

(a) Standard tons per acre are calculated with the formula

(Net Tons)*(((%Sucrose 11.57)/10) + 0.9079), developed from the

relationships appearing in Alvarez and Rohrmann (1984).

(b) Machinery fixed costs are computed following standard

farm management procedures: repairs are estimated at 3% of new

cost; taxes and insurance are assumed to be 1% of new cost;

interest is the average value of new cost plus salvage value,

divided by two, and multiplied by the interest rate; salvage

value is estimated at 10% of new cost; finally, straight line

depreciation is used as the difference between new cost and

salvage value divided by the "useful life of the machinery or

equipment.

(c) Molasses payments are calculated by multiplying total

5










net tons by 6.2 (the average molasses yield assumed per net

ton), and by the price in cents per gallon, divided by 100.

USING THE PROGRAM

After following the instructions in "Getting Started," the

user is asked, at the bottom of the Screen Access Menu, to enter

the number of a section. For example, typing the number 1 and

pressing the key will take the user to the Land Use and

Yields section.

LandyUeand Yiel ds

This section is shown in the upper part of Table 3. As stated

above, the numbers within boxes are input figures provided by the

user while the rest are calculated by the program.

The first set of numbers to enter relate to the acreage

distribution of the farm. Type the first number and move the

cell pointer down to the next one until finishing this column.

The percentage figures to the right of this column are calculated

by the program with respect to the total acreage. Then the gross

tonnages are entered followed by the corresponding trash

contents. The program calculates net tons per acre. After

entering the percent sucrose in normal juice figures, standard

tons per acre are computed.

GnerCalCosts

This section appears at the bottom of the previous screen.

All figures need to be entered and most of them are

self-explanatory. Remember to include fringe benefits in the wage

rates for labor and equipment operators. Land taxes must include

annual land and drainage taxes per acre. The land charge is an

6










estimate based on one of the following methods: (a) an interest

opportunity cost based on the current value of the land; (b) the

owner's rental income from a typical crop share lease; or (c) a

typical cash rent charge. The work and machinery hours per day

represent the number of hours in operation during a typical day.

Annual MachineCvOwnQerhi_ Cost

Entering the number <3> from the Screen Access Menu

takes the user to this section (Table 4). The first column to be

filled with figures is the number of units of each piece of

machinery or equipment owned by the producer. The next columns

contain the new cost or purchase price, the expected life and

the fuel consumption per hour. The rest of the figures are

calculated by the program. The space provided at the bottom of

the list allows entering other pieces of machinery or equipment.

Remember that this section occupies some space to the right

and one page down from the original screen. The user may want to

change any of the fixed cost figures (calculated with the

formulas described in the Methodology section) but the formula

will be erased from the worksheet.

Suaar CaneeQerafi onS

Sugar cane operations are divided into four sections: plant

cane, stubble cane, harvesting and overhead activities. These

sections correspond to numbers 4 through 7 on the Screen Access

Menu.

Plant cane operations occupy two screens subdivided into

land preparation, planting and cultivation (Table 5). The user is

required to enter the following information: (a) the number of
7










times a particular operation is performed; (b) the labor and

machinery used; (c) their efficiency in terms of acres per day;

(d) the crew size, if any, excluding the operator; (e) the cost

of fertilizer and chemical applications per acre if they were, or

will be, custom hired; and (f) other inputs, such as fertilizers

and chemicals, in terms of dollars per acre.

When the first part of this section appears on the screen,

the cell pointer will be located below the first specific activity

(heavy disking) and to the right of Times Over. The example run

in Table 5 shows the number 4, meaning that heavy disking will be

done four times during land preparation to the 144 acres

designated as plant cane in the Land Use and Yields section.

After entering the corresponding figure, the cell pointer should

be moved down in the same column to enter machinery and labor

efficiencies. In this example, 45 acres per day can be done with

tractor 3 and the operator. Only machinery that cosumes fuel is

considered. The row plow, for example, is taking into account at

the time of calculating equipment ownership costs.

The rest of this section is completed in the same manner. In

cases where a specific activity is done on only half of the

acreage (like chiseling and mole draining), enter 0.5 in the

Times Over row below that activity.

Below the two sections describing cultural practices

performed by machinery, the user should enter the custom hired

activities and the cost of inputs. For example, ditch cleaning

shows the number 1 in the Times Over row and a cost of $6.07 per

acre in the Custom Hired row. In such cases, all the

8










corresponding efficiency cells should be equal to zero,

reflecting the fact that no owned resource is being employed. The

cost of inputs must be entered in terms of dollars per acre.

Examples include $80 for seed, $13.20 for insecticide, etc.

Once the two screens of the Plant Cane Operations section

have been completed, must be pressed to return to the

Screen Access Menu. Typing <5> will take the user to the

next section of the budget.

The Stubble Cane Operations section is shown in Table 6. This

section occupies one screen and the basic operation is

cultivation. To fill this section, follow the same procedure

described in the Plant Cane Operations section.

The Harvesting section, corresponding to number 7 in the

Screen Access Menu is shown in Table 7, along with the Overhead

Activities section. Both occupy the same screen.

The user is not required to enter any data in the Harvesting

section, except for the mill quota, if any, in order to estimate

the expected deficit or surplus for the production year being

considered. The cell pointer will stop at this cell and will not

move until a figure, which can be zero, is entered. The tonnage

to be harvested and the corresponding costs are calculated by the

program.

The Overhead Activities section includes expenses that can

not be charged to a particular stage of production because they

are required for the entire operation. Absolute figures for the

whole operation should be entered. The program calculates the

total cost of these activities.

9










No more data are required beyond this point. The following

sections describe the output generated by the program with the

data entered by the user in the previous sections.

Productionotss

Pressing <8> on the Screen Access Menu will show this

section (Table 8), which is a summary of the production costs by

activity expressed as total dollars and dollars per acre. The

results shown are related to the production practices, inputs

used, input prices, efficiency measures, etc.

ReYn3ues and Cgst2

This section is reached by selecting number 9 on the Screen

Access Menu. It is composed of four parts on two screens.

The first screen contains a summary of total revenues and

total variable costs, expressed in dollars per acre, dollars per

standard ton and total dollars. Each item also shows a

corresponding percentage figure, which allows comparisons of the

relative contribution of revenues and costs at each stage of the

production process. For example, the contribution of plant cane

to total revenue is 44%, which means that any variation in plant

cane yield might have a strong impact on revenues. By the same

token, harvesting costs represent 42.7% of total costs. Reducing

these costs, if possible, would represent an increase in net

revenues.

The second screen (one page down from the previous one)

presents the summary of total fixed costs and a projection of

revenues and costs. The percentage figures in this section are

different than those shown in the previous one. This difference

10










is due to the fact that in the upper section the percentage

figures represent the proportion of either revenues or costs

(e.g., plant cane's contribution to total revenue is 44% and

total variable costs represent 65.8% of total costs, which are

considered as 100% in this case). In the lower section, all

percentage figures are calculated with respect to total revenue,

which is considered as 100%. Thus, the 67.7% in the variable

costs row means that, for each dollar of revenue generated, 67

cents go to the costs that vary with production.

ReturnDs o_EacSorsag_ Production

Table 10 shows the total returns to factors of production per

gross acre. This is the bottom line of the budget and is shown by

entering <10> on the Screen Access Menu.

This section is designed to test the economic profitability

of the sugar cane farm as an economic unit. A special feature of

this program allows the user to check the impact of changes made

in factor or output prices, cultural practices, etc., by pressing

after making any change. This command will take the user

directly to this last section. Be aware of the CALC mode on which

the program is being operated since results need to be

recalculated after new values are entered.

saEn and Priniting the Workssheet

To save the worksheet, the user has to operate from a section

other than the Screen Access Menu. Press the usual 1-2-3 command

(/ Fill, Save) and the name AUT0123 of the distribution disk will

shw mon the screen. The user can replace the old file with the

same name or can cancel the command. If the user has any

11










questions, the Lotus 1-2-3 user's manual should be consulted.

There are two alternative ways to print the worksheet. Any

screen of information displayed on the screen can be copied to a

printer by pressing the SHIFT }) and {PrtSc) keys on the IBM

keyboard.

The print menu offers an alternative way for printing some

sections or the entire worksheet. By selecting <11> from

the Screen Access Menu (or

from any other section of the

worksheet) the user reaches the print menu. The choices include

printing the returns to factors of production, the costs and

revenues summary, the production costs or the entire worksheet.

The user only needs to move the cell pointer through the print

menu and press when the desired option is reached. Do not

forget to turn the printer on.

ORDERING INFORMATION

For more information on this and other IFAS microcomputer

programs contact your county extension office or write to:


IFAS Software Communication and Distribution
6022 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611










REFERENCES

Alvarez, Jose and Francisco Rohrmann. "Costs and Returns for

Sugarcane Production on Muck Soils in Florida, 1983-84," Economic

Information Report 204, Food and Resource Economics Department,

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, January 1985.

Alvarez, Jose and Francisco Rohrmann. "Relationships Among

Various Measures of Sugar Quality," Belle Glade EREC Research

Report EV-1984-10, Everglades Research and Education Center,

University of Florida, Belle Glade, Florida, September 1984.

Lopez, Rigoberto A., Jose Alvarez and Gerald Kidder.

"Enterprise Budget for Sugarcane Production in South Florida,

1978-79," Economic Information Report 119, Food and Resource

Economics Department, University of Florida, Gainesville,

Florida, September 1979.







I










Table 1.-Screen access menu.


* SUGAR CANE BUDGET GENERATOR *
* Version 1.00 $
* *
* Developed by: $
t Food and Resource Economics Department *
K (C) IFAS, University of Florida, 1985 *

Funding provided in part by a grant from
International Business Machines Corporation


SCREEN ACCESS MENU
1 Land Use and Yields 8 Production Costs Summary
2 General Costs 9 Revenues and Costs Summary
3 Machinery Ownership Cost 10 Returns to Factors of Production
4 Plant Cane Operations 11 Print Menu
5 Stubble Cane Operations 12 Set CALC to Manual
6 Harvesting 13 Set CALC to Automatic
7 Overhead Activities 14 HELP SCREEN
Press number corresponding to the section you wish:==> 11 <==


Table 2.- Help screen.

Help Menu

==> Prints different sections of the worksheet.
==> Allows the user to see the impact of changes by directly
going to the returns outcome section.
==> Help Menu.
==> Takes the user to the Screen Access Menu to select any
of the sections listed and then go directly to it.
==> Views the IFAS Disclaimer message and condition of release
or sale statement.







Table 3.- Land use and yields and general costs sections.


GENERAL INFORMATION
and Yields Section


# acres
144
144
144
144
0
0
64
640


2. General Costs Section
Labor ($/Hr)
Equip. Operator ($/Hr)
Fuel Cost ($/Gal)
Int. Rate -Oper. Loans
Int. Rate -Mach. Loans
Harvest Cost/Gross ton


(%)
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
0.0
0.0
10.0
100.0


$3.60
$3.60
$1.25
12.5
10.0
$8.50


Gross
Tons/A

50.0
38.0
30.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


% Net %
Trash Tons/A Sucrose


3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.0


48.50
36.86
29.10
0.00
0.00
0.00


14.50
13.50
13.00
0.00
0.00
0.00


Price ($/Std ton)
Molasses Price (cts/gal)
Land Taxes ($/A)
Admin. Ovhd. ($/Yr)
Land Charge ($/A/Yr)
Work Hours/Day
Mach. Hours/Day


1. Land Use


Fallow
Plant Cane
1st Ratoon
2nd Ratoon
3rd Ratoon
4th Ratoon
Other
Total


------------------------------


Stand.
Tons/A
0.00
58.24
40.58
30.58
0.00
0.00



$17.22
7.39
$16.75
30000
$90.00
10
9







Table 4.- Annual machinery ownership costs.


3. Annual Machinery Ownership Costs Section

Ites t units New Cost Life Fuel/Hr Repairs Tax+Ins Interest Depreciation
p


Tractor(1),150-200HP
Tractor(2),1-15-1OHP
Tractor(3),110-11SHP
Tractor(4),60HP
Disk,offset
Disk,harroM
Chisel plow
Land Leveler
Hole Drain
FurroN Plow
Covering Rig
Scratcher
Rolling Cultivator
Rotary sower
Disks
Pick-up truck
Puep & Pipes
Harvester
Subsoiler


0 s0 10
0 $0 10
1 $20,250 10
2 $11,250 10
1 $5,400 10
I $4,680 10
I $1,440 10
1 $4,410 10
1 $1,395 10
1 $1,350 10
1 $2,250 10
1 $1,800 10
I $1,350 10
1 $1,530 10
1 $2,232 10
1 $7,020 10
1 $15,300 10
$0 10
s0 10
$0 0
$0 0
$0 0
s0 0
$0 0


$0
$0
$608
$675
$162
$140
$43
$132
$42
$41
$68
$54
$41
$46
$67
$211
$459
SO
$0
O0
$0
$0
$0
s0
(0


s0 $0 s0
0 50 SO
$203 $1,114 $1,823
$225 $1,238 $2,025
$54 $297 $486
$47 $257 $421
$14 $79 $130
$44 $243 $397
$14 $77 $126
$14 $74 $122
$23 $124 $203
$18 $99 $162
$14 $74 $122
$15 $84 $138
$22 $123 $201
$70 $386 $632
$153 $842 $1,377
s0 s0 0O
0 0 $0
$0 0 SO
SO $0 $0
0 0 SO
$0 $0 s0
$0 $0 $0


Machinery Ownership Cost Totals:

Interest
Depreciation
Taxes & Ins.
Repairs

Total $


$5,110
$8,362
$930
$2,788

17,190







Table 5,- Plant cane operations.


4. Plant Cane Operations Section


Times Over

Operator
Tractor 1
Tractor 2
Tractor 3
Tractor 4


Labor
Crew Size(#)

Custom Hired
Fertilizer


Land Preparation


Heavy Light Chisel- Ditch Mole Fertil-
Disking Disking ing Clean. Leveling Draining ization
4 10 .5 i 2 U.. *
1 7 .5 I M.d


. ... a ............. Mc / .. . ..... .. .... ...........
45 75 40 0 45 36 75
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
45 75 40 0 45 36 75
0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
... ... ......... ($/Acre) ......................... ......
0.00 0.00 0.00 6.07 0.00 0.00 1.75
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 27.50


Plant Cane (cont'd)


Times Over

Operator
Tractor 1
Tractor 2
Tractor 3
Tractor 4
Labor
Crew Size (#

Custom Hired
Seed
Insecticide
Seed Transp.
Herbicide
Herb.Applic.


Planting


Plant Cane Cultivation


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++========================
Cutting Loading, Seed Scratch- Mechan. Herbicide
Furrowing Cane Hauling Cover. ing Cult. Applic.
I 1 1 1 1 14 8 1


50 0 0 25 60 50 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
50 0 0 25 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 60 50 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
O.. .O 1 ..2.0T O.re> ..O0 O ..O. 0 ..... ............
0.00 19.20 0.00 0.00 0 0.0 0
0.00 80.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
0.00 0.00 0.00 13.20 0.00 0.00 0
0.00 0.00 87.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.65
i i-J


* *


^









Table 6.- Stubble cane operations.


5. Stubble Cd



Times Over

Operator
Tractor 1
Tractor 2
Tractor 3
Tractor 4
Labor
Crew Size

Custom Hired
Fertilizer
Herbicide
Insecticide
Other


ane Section Cultivation

Spreading Disk Rolling Fertil.Herbicide
fodder Cult. Cult. Applic. Applic. Chiseling
S0.5 2 6 1 1 0.5
'a ^fd / I a a .


.. .. ........... . 1-W= ay ......................
36 36 36 0 0 40
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0o O 0 0 0 40
36 36 36 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
.......... ..... ( /Acre) .................. ......
0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 1.65 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 23.75 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.66 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


Table 7.- Harvesting and overhead activities.


6. Harvesting Section
Gross tons Net tons


Plant Cane
1st Ratoon
2nd Ratoon
3rd Ratoon
4th Ratoon
Other

Total


7,200
5,472
4,320
0
0


16,992


6,984
5,308
4,190
0
0
0


Std tons


8,387
5,843
4,404
0
0
0


16,482 18,634
160482 18v634


Harvest
Cost


$61,200
$46,512
$36,720
$0
$0
$0

144,432


Net
tons
Mill ---------
Quota 15,000


Expected
deficit
or >>
surplus


1,482


7. Overhead Activities Section

Edging $67
Rodent Control $1,728
Borer Control $2,557
Water Control $1,250

Total $5,602


.


...I










Table 8.- Production costs summary.


Production Costs


8. LAND PREPARATION
Heavy Disking
Light Disking
Chiseling
Ditch Cleaning
Leveling
Mole draining
Fertilization


($)
1,181
1,771
166
874
590
185
4,389


Subtotal 9,156
PLANTING
Furrowing 266
Cutting cane 14,285
Seed Cost & Transport. 12,600
Seed Cover. & Insect. 2,432
Subtotal 29,583
PLANT CANE CULTIVATING
Scratching 2,344
Mechanical Cult. 1,607
Herbicide appl. 238
Subtotal 4,188


(S/A)
8.20
12.30
1.15
6.07
4.10
1.28
30.48
63.58

1.85
99.20
87.50
16.89
205.44

16.28
11.16
1.65
29.09


STUBBLE CULTIVATING


Spread. fodder
Disk Cult.
Rolling Cult.
Fertilization
Herbicide appl.
Chiseling
Subtotal
HARVESTING
Plant Cane
1st Ratoon
2nd Ratoon
3rd Ratoon
4th Ratoon
Subtotal
OVERHEAD
Edging
Pest Ctrl.
Water Ctrl.
Subtotal


279
1,116
3,348
7,344
2,105
332
14,524

61,200
46,512
36,720
0
0
144,432

67
4,285
1,250
5,602


($/A)
0.97
3.88
11.63
25.50
7.31
1.15
50.43

425.00
323.00
255.00
0.00
0.00
334.33

0.10
6.70
1.95
8.75








Table 9.- Break-down and summary of projected revenues and costs.


Revenues and Costs


Total Revenues
Plant Cane
1st Ratoon
2nd Ratoon
3rd Ratoon
4th Ratoon
Molasses Payment
TOTAL


Total Variable Costs
Land Preparation
Planting
Plant Cane Cultiv.
Ratoon Cultiv.
Overhead Activities
Miscellaneous
SUBTOTAL
Interest
Harvesting
TOTAL


Total Fixed


$/Acre
1,003
699
527
0
0
12
513


14.3
46.2
6.5
22.7
8.8
9.9
108.4
13.5
225.7
347.6


Costs $/Acre
Machinery & Equip. 26.9
Land Charge 90.0
Taxes:Land&Drainage 16.8
Administrative Ovhd 46.9
TOTAL 180.5


$/Std ton






17.63


0.49
1.59
0.22
0.78
0.30
0.34
3.72
0.47
7.75
11.94

$/Std
0.92
3.09
0.58
1.61
6.20


ton


SUMMARY OF PROJECTED REVENUES AND COSTS
-------------------------------e-----*--


REVENUES
VARIABLE COSTS
GROSS MARGIN
FIXED COSTS
NET MARGIN


$/Acre
513.2
347.6
165.6
180.5
-14.9


$/Std ton
17.63
11.94
5.69
6.20
-0.51


Total $
328,432
222,461
105,972
115,510
.(9,538)


Total $
144,426
100,623
75,832
0
0
7552
328432


9,156
29,583
4,188
14,524
5,602
6,305
69,359
8,670
144,432
222,461

Total $
17,190
57,600
10,720
30,000
115,510


44.0
30.6
23.1
0.0
0.0
2.3
100.0


2.7
8.8
1.2
4.3
1.7
1.9
20.5
2.6
42.7
65.8


5.1
17.0
3.2
8.9
34.2


100.0
67.7
32.3
35.2
" -2.9









Table 10.- Total returns to factors of production per gross acre.

10. RETURNS PER GROSS ACRE TO FACTORS OF PRODUCTION SECTION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Item Charge Return
-------------------------------------- --------------------- -------------

Total Revenues $513

Variable Costs $348

Return to fixed costs, land, mgt. and risk $166

Fixed Costs (machinery, equip. and taxes) $44

Return to land, management and risk $122

Land Charge $90

Return to management and risk $32












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