• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Disclaimer
 Table of Contents
 Abstract
 Introduction
 Entering Calf data
 Entering inventory data
 Reports
 Utilities menu
 Appendix A: Using selection criteria...
 Appendix B: Suggested and required...
 Appendix C: Formulas used...
 Appendix D: Sample reports
 Appendix E: Lifetime reports
 Back Cover






Group Title: Computer series Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Title: CowBase user's manual
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095249/00002
 Material Information
Title: CowBase user's manual
Series Title: Computer series Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Physical Description: 2 computer disks : ; 5 1/4 in. +
Language: zxx
Creator: Buhl, Fred
Sand, Robert S ( Robert Sherman ), 1941-
Kunkle, William, 1947-
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) and the Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association (FBCIA)
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1989
Copyright Date: 1989
Edition: Version 1.0a
 Subjects
Subject: Cattle -- Economic aspects   ( lcsh )
CowBase (Computer program)   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Summary: CowBase allows cattlemen to record and maintain production testing data. Contains programs to enter, edit, and produce reports on herd data.
Statement of Responsibility: Fred Buhl, Robert Sand, William Kunkle.
System Details: System requirements: IBM PC/AT or compatible; 384K; monitor; MS-DOS or PC-DOS version 2.00 or higher; 2 floppy disk drives; printer capable of printing 12 characters per inch or smaller.
General Note: Description based on: documentation dated February 1989.
General Note: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, computer series circular 742
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095249
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 20666350

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
    Disclaimer
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
    Abstract
        Page vi
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Entering Calf data
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
    Entering inventory data
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Reports
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    Utilities menu
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Appendix A: Using selection criteria and custom reports
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
    Appendix B: Suggested and required codes
        Page 66
        Page 67
    Appendix C: Formulas used in calculations
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Appendix D: Sample reports
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
    Appendix E: Lifetime reports
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
    Back Cover
        Page 85
        Page 86
Full Text
lo


Floppy disc included with this
item has been shelved separately.
Consult LUIS or ask circulation
staff for assistance.


February 1989


CowBase

User's Manual


Fred Buhi
Robert Sand
William Kunkle


Central Science
Library

JAN 30 1990


Florida Cooperative Exteanion Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida/John T. Woests, Dean


101
F636c
Scodebk


Ciroular 842




















COWBASE

USER'S MANUAL

Fred Buhl
Robert Sand
William Kunkle'
Version 1.Oa
February 27, 1989
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
(IFAS)
and
the Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association
(FBCIA)


Copyright 1989
University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences






Fred Buhl is a Computer Programmer/Analyst in the Animal Science Department, University of Florida.
Robert Sand is an Associate Professor Extension Livestock Specialist, Animal Science Department,
University of Florida.
William Kunkle is an Associate Professor Extension Beef Specialist, Animal Science Department,
University of Florida.

















DISCLAIMER


The Board of Regents of the State of Florida, the State of Florida, the University of
Florida, the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, and the Florida Cooperative
Extension Service, hereinafter collectively referred to as "UF-IFAS", will not be liable under
any circumstances for direct or indirect damages incurred by any individual or entity due
to this software or use thereof, including damages resulting from loss of data, lost profits,
loss of use, interruption of business, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages,
even if advised of the possibility of such damage. This limitation of liability will apply
regardless of the form of action, whether in contract or tort, including negligence.

UF-IFAS does not provide warranties of any kind, express or implied, including but not
limited to any warranty of merchantability of fitness for a particular purpose or use, or
.warranty against copyright or patent infringement.

The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the program is with you. Should the
program prove defective, you assume the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, or
correction.

The mention of a tradename is solely for illustrative purposes. UF-IFAS does not hereby
endorse any tradename, warrant that a tradename is registered, or approve a tradename to
the exclusion of other tradenames. UF-IFAS does not give, nor does it imply, permission
or license for the use of any tradename.

IF USER DOES NOT AGREE WITH THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITATION OF
LIABILITY, USER SHOULD CEASE USING THIS SOFTWARE IMMEDIATELY AND
RETURN IT TO UF-IFAS. OTHERWISE, USER AGREES BY THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE THAT USER IS IN AGREEMENT WITH THE TERMS OF THIS
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.









TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION .... ........................................................ 1
WHAT YOU NEED TO RUN COWBASE ....................................... 1
ABOUT THIS MANUAL ..................................... ............ 1
GETTING STARTED .................................................... 2
FILE NAMING CONVENTIONS .............................................. 4
ENTERING DATA FOR THE FIRST TIME ..................................... 5
RUNNING COWBASE ..................................................... 7
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS .................................................... 7
COWBASE MAIN MENU .................................................. 8
IF YOU CANNOT READ YOUR SCREEN ..................................... 9
COWBASE OVERVIEW ................................................... 10
EXITING COWBASE ........................................................ 12
SHOWING CREDITS .................................................... 12

ENTERING CALF DATA....................................................... 13
<1> -SELECT CALF FILE ................................................. 14
<3> SEARCH FOR DUPLICATES ......................................... 15
<2> ENTER/EDIT CALF RECORDS ....................................... 15
CALF FILE FIELDS ..................................................... 16
ENTRY MODE ........................................................ 18
VERIFY MODE ............................................... .......... 19
EDIT M ODE ............................................................. 19
COWBASE ENTER/EDIT HELP SCREEN ...................................... 20
ENTER/EDIT SPECIAL FUNCTIONS ......................................... 21
EDIT MODE SPECIAL FUNCTIONS ......................................... 22

ENTERING INVENTORY DATA .................................................. 26
INVENTORY FILE FIELDS ................................................. 27

REPORTS ...................................................................... 29
SUMMARY OF COWBASE REPORTS ........................................ 30
REPORTS -- STANDARD QUESTIONS ...................................... 31
REPORTS EXECUTION ................................................. 33
WORK BOOK / BIRTH LIST ............................................... 34
W EAN LIST .............................................................. 37
WEAN DATA REPORT .................................................... 38
SETTING WEAN DATA ADVANCED FEATURES ............................... 40
WEAN SUMMARY ........................................................ 43
WEIGHT DATA SUMMARY ................................................ 44
POST W EAN LIST ......................................................... 47
POST WEAN DATA REPORT ............................................... 49

UTILITIES MENU ....... ....................................................... 52
CHANGE DEFAULT SETTINGS .............................................. 53
MERGE CALVES TO INVENTORY FILE ...................................... 55
CREATE NEXT YEAR'S INVENTORY ....................................... 56
CREATE DAM FILE FROM CALVES ........................................ 57

APPENDIX A: USING SELECTION CRITERIA AND CUSTOM REPORTS ................... 58
SELECTION CRITERIA .................................................... 58
CREATING CUSTOM REPORTS ............................................ 63
APPENDIX B: SUGGESTED AND REQUIRED CODES ................................. 66
APPENDIX C: FORMULAS USED IN CALCULATIONS ................................. 68
APPENDIX D: SAMPLE REPORTS ................................................. 70
APPENDIX E: LIFETIME REPORTS ................................................. 81

















ABSTRACT


CowBase is a computer-based beef herd record system for recording production data
and producing data summaries to assist in making management decisions. CowBase is
designed to be easy to use by inexperienced computer operators and yet be a powerful
management tool. Hardware requirements are IBM PC / AT or compatible with a
minimum 384 K memory (preferably 640 K) and two floppy disc drives.
CowBase consists of two groups of programs, one dealing with cow/calf records and
the other with herd inventory records. The programs are selected from a series of menus.
Since information needs are different for each ranch, the program is designed so that
information collected can be varied in relation to its anticipated use in an appropriate
report. Thus, there is a core of basic data such as animal identification, birth date, dam
identification, and a weaning weight that are required with plenty of opportunity to record
and utilize additional data. Wean summary is a routine for combining production and
inventory data to produce a summary of the herd's production for the year.
Data entry has been made as easy as possible through integration of programs so
that data entries are made only one time. Where previous information is already recorded,
the cursor can be set to appear only where new data need be entered. When there is data
of a repetitive nature, such as wean date, there is an automatic entry feature that can be
utilized. CowBase can be used in a laptop computer to quickly and easily record weights
and other data as they are obtained while the cattle are being worked. As soon as the work
is completed reports can be generated, evaluated and selections made before the cattle
leave the pens.
A number of utility programs are included to facilitate adaptation of the system to
fit any management information requirements. Some examples are custom sorting of
various listings, choice of adjustment methods for age of dam and sex of calf, weaning
weight adjusted to a standard age other than 205 days, and reports sorted or summarized
by user-specified codes.
Lifetime sire and dam reports which list and summarize lifetime progeny data are
available by sending a disc with the year's wean data to the FBCIA. The completed
lifetime summaries will be returned both on disc and on paper.








INTRODUCTION

CowBase allows a cattleman to record and maintain production testing data on the
animals in his herd. The CowBase system was developed for the Florida Beef Cattle
Improvement Association (FBCIA), and contains programs to enter, edit, and produce
reports on herd data.
Although CowBase was designed to be easy to use, the user is advised to read this
manual before attempting to use the system you will get a better idea of the system's
overall structure this way, which should make it easier to use. (Hopefully, reading this
manual will be relatively painless.)

WHAT YOU NEED TO RUN COWBASE

Computers -> IBM or compatible PC, XT and AT computers with two floppy disk drives
or 1 floppy and 1 hard disk drive.

Monitor -> Color or monochrome.

Memory
Required -> 384K RAM minimum (640K recommended).

Operating
System -> MS-DOS (or PC-DOS) version 2.00 or higher.

Printer -> Dot-Matrix or Daisy Wheel printer must be able to print 12 characters
per inch (CPI) or smaller (See Utilities menu option 1, Change Default
Settings Printer Command for more information).

ABOUT THIS MANUAL

In this manual, we will use different styles of printing for different things. Sample
screen displays, for instance, will look like this:

Format Another? (Y/N)

Any commands you should type into the keyboard will appear in a paragraph in
Boldface. Special keys will appear with angle brackets around their names -- for example,
means to press the key marked F1 on the keyboard, is Esc, and so on.
Another key, , is the one you use at the end of a line (it may be labeled
< Return > or it may just have an arrow with a bend in it like this: < .








GETTING STARTED


MAKING A WORKING COPY OF THE COWBASE DISKS

Before you begin using CowBase, PLEASE make a "working" copy of the CowBase
disks otherwise, if one of the original disks goes bad, you might be "out of commission"
until we can ship another one.

Note: If you are fortunate enough to have a computer that uses the new 3.5" drives, the
CowBase System and Reports disk will be combined on a single diskette. Please
disregard the instructions below regarding a second diskette.

TWO-FLOPPY SYSTEMS

If you have a 2-floppy computer, you will need the DOS system or "boot" disk with
a copy of the FORMAT program on it Put the DOS system disk in drive A: and turn on
the computer. Now type FORMAT B: /S < Enter>. The screen should display something
like:
Insert new diskette for drive B:
and strike ENTER when ready

At this point, put a blank disk in drive B: and press . It will take a little time to
format, and then you will see something like:
Format Complete
System Transferred
362496 bytes total disk space
78848 bytes used by system
283648 bytes available on disk
Format another (Y/N)?

At this point, type Y , since you have another disk to format (unless you
are using 3.5" drives -- see above). You will see the "insert new disk" message as before.
Take out the disk you formatted, put another blank in drive B:, and press any key. When
it finishes type N to the "Format another" message, and you will be back at the
DOS A> prompt.
Put the CowBase System Disk into drive A:, and one of the blank diskettes in drive
B:. Now type COPY A:*.* B: . You should see the files go by, one by one, on
the left hand side of the screen.
Now take out both disks and label the formerly blank one "COWBASE SYSTEM
DISK". Then put another blank in B: and the CowBase Reports Disk in Drive A: (unless
you have 3.5" drives). Re-type the COPY command above. When this is finished, label the
second blank disk "COWBASE REPORTS DISK".
You will use these new copies to run the program put away the ones we sent for
safekeeping.








HARD DISK SYSTEMS


If you have a hard disk system, you will create the "working" copy on the hard disk
- keep the diskettes you received as "backups" for the copy there.

Here is how to make the working copy:

1. Turn on the computer and get to the DOS prompt (usually C>).

2. Put the CowBase System disk in drive A:.

3. To install CowBase on the C: drive, type A:INSTALXT C: . If you would
rather install it on another drive, specify the drive letter in the command line (for
example, type A:INSTALXT D: to install CowBase on the D: drive, or A:INSTALXT
E: for the E: drive).

4. The system will be busy for a while copying files, and then it will ask for the
CowBase Reports disk (unless you have a 3.5" drive see note on previous page).
Put that disk in drive A: and press any key. It will start copying files again, and then
it will come back to the DOS prompt.

You will use the copy of CowBase on the hard disk put away the floppy diskettes
we sent for safekeeping.








FILE NAMING CONVENTIONS


When you enter data under the CowBase system, you create files. Each file has a
filename consisting of two parts: the first name (supplied when you enter data for the first
time) and a last name (also called the "extension") which tells CowBase what kind of
information is in the file. The first name must be 8 letters or less, and can contain the
letters A-Z, the numbers 0-9, and the underscore character (_ (NO SPACES IN THE
NAME, PLEASE!). The extension is 3 letters or less, and will be added to the name by
the CowBase system. Each herd will have several files associated with it, all with the same
first name. The extension is how CowBase tells them apart.
We strongly recommend making the first two characters of the name equal to the
current year this will let you keep track of old data files better, and will also help us, if
you are an FBCIA member sending data to us for further processing.
For example, suppose you run a ranch called the Sample Ranch, and want to enter
data for 1 of 3 separate herds (assume this is a big ranch). You could give the files for
herd 1 the first name 88SR1, (and call herd 2 88SR2, etc.). Over the course of time, as
you enter data for 88SR1, you will create and modify the following files:

88SR1.CLF the calf file; contains data for all calves born in the current year.

8 8SR1. CDX the "index file" for 88SR1.CLF; tells CowBase the order of the records
in 88SR1.CLF.

If you enter inventory information, you will also create these two files:

88SR1. INV the herd inventory file; contains data on all the animals currently in
the herd.

88SR1. IDX the "index file" for 88SR1.INV.

You would keep all the files for 88SR1 on a single diskette (or a single directory on
a hard disk). You should use another diskette for 88SR2 and 88SR3, since they are
independent herds. Be aware, however, that each set of herd files is completely
independent of any other sets you cannot combine 88SR1.CLF and 88SR2.CLF in any
easy way.









ENTERING DATA FOR THE FIRST TIME

When you are starting a new set of Calf and Inventory files, you may ask, "Which
file should I fill in first?". To answer this question, we should first take a look at the way
that the files and reports in CowBase interact.
Here is a diagram of the CowBase life cycle (Figure 1):


I. I


W Last Year's
Inventory File
4 (work book/birth list program)

I i ] W Calf File
I (add birth data)


.1. -


W Calf File with
4- i T IBirths Added


Wean | Wean Data
summary Report


I---------------I
Post Wean
S List
r- ----
SPost Wean
o Data n
!- -


-t-

I
00-"01
WO1


(add weaning data)
] Calf File with
Weaning Data


/
/ (add post wean
I weights and dates)


r---1 Calf File with
"" L t 'J Post Wean Data
S(Add Calves to
Inventory program)

Inventory File
with Calves Added


(this file used
next year for
Birth List)


Figure 1. The CowBase Life Cycle








The Birth List is the first report to be printed during a breeding season. It is used
to enter the birth weights and dates of newborn calves. The Birth List has a list of the
herd's females (taken from last year's inventory file) printed in numerical order, and
contains spaces for you to enter the year, identification number, birth weight, and other
information about a newborn calf (samples of this and all other reports are in APPENDIX
D: SAMPLE REPORTS).
When you run the Birth List report, you have the option of creating a new calf file.
The calf file will have records containing only the dam identification (and sire information,
if entered) sorted by dam with the other fields left blank for you to fill in. Once you
have filled in the Birth List, you can easily add this information to the calf file -- using the
Enter/Edit Calf Module, go into Edit mode and add the birth information to the existing
records.
Once you have entered the birth information, you can print a Wean List. This form
is used to record the weaning weights and dates. It contains a list of all the calves, sorted
by the identification number. When you add the wean information to the calf file, you
should change the sort order (with the key in Edit mode) so that the file is sorted
by option 1 -- Number (calf identification number).
Once you have filled in the birth and wean information, you can print the Wean
Data and Wean Summary reports.
If you want to produce post weaning reports, you can print a Post Wean List (a form
to enter the post weaning information), add that information to the calf file, and print the
Post Wean Data report.

For the first year, you will not have last year's Inventory file, which you will need to
create the birth list report and the calf file. You have two options at this point:

1) Enter the herd's calves into the Calf file, and use Utility Menu option 4 --
Create Dam File from Calves to create the Inventory file for the herd.

2) Enter the herd's dams into the Inventory file, and then run the Birth list
report, which prints the birth list and creates the calf file.

Normally, from year to year, you will use option 2, since you will have an Inventory
File, allowing you to create birth lists. For the first year, however, you can also use option
1.
(If you are an FBCIA member, you will send your CLF and INV files on a diskette
to the FBCIA here in Gainesville (after you have entered all the data for a year) for further
processing).

There are two other reports, the Work Book and the Weight Data Summary. These
reports display the information contained in. the Inventory file. The work book prints a
form to enter seasonal weights on, and the weight data summary prints those weights.

At the end of the year, you should run Utilities Menu option 2 Add Calves to
Inventory, make backup copies of the data files you have created, print the birth list for this
coming year (which will create the calf file for that year), and then run Utilities Menu
option 3 -- Create Next Year's Inventory File.








RUNNING COWBASE

TO START COWBASE ON A 2-FLOPPY SYSTEM

1. Put the CowBase System Disk in Drive A. (use the copy you made).

2. Put a formatted blank floppy disk (or a disk containing Herd data) in drive B:.

3. Turn on the computer. Answer the date and time questions, or press
twice to skip past them. (If the computer was already turned on, check to make
sure there is an A> prompt on the screen. If you see a B> instead of an A>
prompt, type A: to get to the A> prompt.)

4. Once you see the A> prompt, type CB and you are on your way!


TO START COWBASE ON A HARD DISK SYSTEM

1. The computer should display the DOS prompt, and be at the top-most (or "root")
directory on the drive where CowBase was installed (usually C>).

2. Type CB and you are on your way!

POSSIBLE PROBLEMS

Question: When I type CB < Enter >, my computer says "Bad command or file name". Why
is that?

Answer: DOS is telling you it cannot find CowBase.

Possible explanations include:

1. If you have a 2-floppy system, is the CowBase disk in drive A:, and is the A>
prompt displayed? (B> will not work type A: to get the A> prompt.)

2. If you have a Hard Disk system, did you use the A:INSTALXT command to install
CowBase? Are you in the top-most (or "root") directory when you type CB? (To
get at the top-most directory, type CD-\ at the DOS prompt -- note that
this slash is NOT the one under the question mark on the keyboard, it is the other
one).

{ Trouble reading the Main Menu? See IF YOU CANNOT READ YOUR SCREEN below}








COWBASE MAIN MENU

When you type CB, you will see this screen:


COUBASE
Production Testing System
MAIN MENU
Esc Return to DOS
1 Enter/Edit Calf File
2 Enter/Edit Inventory File
3 Reports
4 Utilities
5 Show Credits


Version 1.Oa
(c) 1989 IFAS
02/27/89


Press 1-5 to select or Esc to return to DOS


This is the CowBase Main Menu. From here you can access the entire CowBase
System.
Here is a brief description of the choices from here:

Esc By pressing , you can exit CowBase and return to DOS.

1 This option allows you to enter or edit records in calf (.CLF) files.

2 This option lets you enter and. edit records in inventory (.INV) files.

3 This option gives you access to the reports in the CowBase system.

4 This option lets you change system settings, move records from .CLF to .INV files,
and create new inventory files from either the previous year's data or the .CLF file
for this year.

5 This option will display the authors' names, contact person, and other information.








IF YOU CANNOT READ YOUR SCREEN

When CowBase starts, it checks to see what kind of display the computer has (color
or monochrome). Some computers have monochrome displays that act like color displays
(they display colors in shades of grey). If you find it difficult to read your monochrome
display (if the background is too bright), this is usually the problem.

To fix this:

1. If you are currently running CowBase, press to return to DOS.

2. From the DOS prompt (usually A> or C>), type CB WHITE < Enter >

3. You should now see the CowBase Screen in black and white.

4. The next time you want to run CowBase, simply type CB . It will
remember to show up in black and white.

Note: If you want to set CowBase back to color operation, type CB NORMAL
at the DOS prompt.








COWBASE OVERVIEW


Here is a list of all the Menus and functions in CowBase, along with the keys you
press to get them:

CowBase Main Menu

<1> Calf File Main Menu
<1> Select Calf File
<2> Calf Enter/Edit Screen
<1> Edit Mode
Help Screen
Find Record
Set Auto-Field
Clear Auto-Field
Set Starting Cursor Position
Delete/Recover
<1> Delete Record
<2> Recover One Record
<3> Recover All Records
<4> Compress
Change Sort Order
Tab Set/Clear
Save Record
<2> Entry Mode
Help Screen
Set Auto-Field
Clear Auto-Field
Tab Set/Clear
Save record
<3> Search for Duplicates
<2> Inventory File Main Menu
< 1 > Select Inventory File
<2> Inventory Enter/Edit Screen
<1> Edit Mode
Help Screen
Find Record
Set Auto-Field
Clear Auto-Field
Set Starting Cursor Position
Delete/Recover
<1> Delete Record
<2> Recover One Record
<3> Recover All Records
<4> Compress
Change Sort Order
Tab Set/Clear








Save Record
<2> Entry Mode
Help Screen
Set Auto-Field
Clear Auto-Field
Tab Set/Clear
Save Record
<3> Search for Duplicates

<3> Reports Main Menu
< 1> Work Book / Birth List
<2> Wean List
<3> Wean Data
<4> Wean Summary
<5 > Weight Data Summary
<6> Post Wean List
<7> Post Wean Data

<4> Utilities Menu
<1> Change Default Settings
<2> Add Calves to Inventory File
<3> Create Next Year's Inventory
<4 > Create Dam File from Calves

<5> Show Credits









EXITING COWBASE

When you are finished using CowBase, and want to return to DOS, press
from the CowBase Main Menu. This box will appear:


Are you SURE you want to
exit CowBase? (Y/N)


If you pressed by mistake, press and you will remain in the CowBase
system. Otherwise, press and you will be returned to the DOS prompt.

SHOWING CREDITS

When you press <5> from the CowBase Main Menu, you will see this:

COWBASE Production Testing Program Version 1.0a


Fred Buhl
Scott Nesbitt
Robert S. Sand
William E. Kunkle


Contact: Dr. Robert S. Sand
231 Animal Science Bldg.
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611
(904) 392-1916


Sponsored by:


Abstract:


Requirements:


Florida Beef Cattle Improvement Association (FBCIA), working
in conjunction with the Animal Science Department, IFAS, UF.

CowBase allows cattle ranchers to store and analyze production
data on their herd, as an aid to herd management.

IBM-PC or compatibles, 384K RAM minimum, 640K recommended


Press to return to Main Menu, or any other key for Disclaimer



This is the CowBase Credits Screen. When you are done viewing this screen, press
< Esc > to be returned to the CowBase Main Menu, or you can press any other key and see
a copy of the Disclaimer that appears at the beginning of this manual (the disclaimer has
two screens, and will wait for a keypress before continuing). When you are through looking
at the disclaimer, press any key and you will be returned to the CowBase Main Menu.


Written by:








ENTERING CALF DATA


If you press < 1> on the CowBase Main Menu, you will see this:


CALF FILE MAIN MENU


Esc Return to Main Menu

1 Select Calf File
2 Enter/Edit Calf Records
3 Search for Duplicates





Press 1-4 to select or Esc to return to the Main Menu


This is the Calf File Main Menu. It is the menu used to enter or edit records for
all the calves in a herd. Here is a quick overview of the options available from here:

Esc Pressing < Esc > will bring you back to the previous screen, the CowBase Main Menu
(this will be true of all Screens < Esc > will cancel ANYTHING!).

1 You can tell the Calf program what herd file to modify with this option.

2 This option will let you add animal records to a file, edit those records once you
have put them in, and delete them if you wish.

Note: You will not use these last two options very often.

3 This option re-sorts the animals in the file, in case they are out of order.

4 This option checks to see if any of the animals have the same year and number.








<1 > SELECT CALF FILE


this:


To start entering calf records press < 1>. The system displays a box that looks like


When running a 2-floppy system, CowBase puts files on the B: drive unless you tell
it otherwise (in other words B: is the default drive). If you are using a hard disk system,
it puts all the data in a sub-directory called \COWBASE\DATA (this is a sub-directory of
the \COWBASE directory where the CowBase program is stored). You can change the
default drive through the use of the Change Default Settings option of the Utilities Menu.
In case you forget a file name, you can get a list of all the Calf files on the default
drive by hitting . You can select the file to process from this list by using the arrow
keys to highlight the file you desire, and pressing to make your choice (of course,
if it is a new file, it will not be in the list).
For example, suppose you want to start entering data on the new file, 88SR1.CLF.
To do this, type 88SR1 when this box appears. The system now displays:

88SR1.CLF
ter the name of the file to process.
Hit F1 for a list of files)
File Non-Existent. Create? (Y/N)


Notice that the system has put a .CLF ending on the filename -- this is the normal
ending for a CowBase Calf file. At this point, you want to create a new file, so press .
This system will take a second to create the file, and then the box will disappear, returning
to the Calf File Main Menu. You will see a message in the lower left hand comer like this:
New File: 88SR1.CLF

This indicates that the file 88SR1.CLF is selected. You will be modifying this file
when you enter or edit records.


| <-- blinking cursor
nter the name of the file to process.
(Hit Fl1 for a list of files)








Note: If you access the other options (2-4) before selecting a file, the system will display
the Enter File Name box as if you had pressed < 1>. After you have entered a file
name, it will execute the option selected. Because of this, you may never have to use
option 1, unless you have selected one file and now want to enter/edit a different
one.
<3> SEARCH FOR DUPLICATES

Generally, each animal should have its own unique number. This option will look
at a file and tell you if there are any duplicate records.
When you type <3> from the Calf File Main Menu, the screen will clear and you
will be asked:

Put Duplicate ID Numbers on Printer? (Y/N)

If you press , the duplicates will be displayed on the screen (otherwise they will
be printed). After the duplicates have been listed, press any key to return to the Calf File
Main Menu.

<2> ENTER/EDIT CALF RECORDS

Now that you have selected a file, you can enter some data. Press <2 >. Now you
will see the Calf Enter/Edit Screen:

Ese Exit to Main Menu 1 Edit Mode 2 Entry Mode

Calf Data Record # STATUS :

---Calf Number--- r---Sire -1 Dam--
Yr No. Brand Breed Sex Yr No. ID Yr No. Brand Breed


Birth Date Birth Birth Birth Survival Wean Wean Date
MN DY YR Weight Vigor Type & Reason Weight MN DY YR


Condition Frame Control Dam Weight Wean Height Herd #
Score Score
POST WEAN FIELDS
Init. Date Init. Final Date Final Final Final Post Wean
MN DY YR Weight MN DY YR Weight Condition Frame Control



There are a lot of fields here but you do not have to enter data in all of them.








At the top of the screen, you will see a menu. Here is a brief description of the
options available:

Esc Go back to the CowBase Main menu.

1 Edit existing Calf Records (use this selection when calf records have already been
entered, and you want to modify them).

2 -- Enter new calf records (use this option to enter data on calves when they are born).

CALF FILE FIELDS

Here are explanations for all the fields in a Calf file:

Calf Number
Yr The year the calf will be weaned (2 digits).
No. The calf's identification number, from an ear tag, tattoo, fire brand, or other
permanent form of identification (4 digits).
Brand A 2-character field, normally used for brand.
Breed A 2-character field, normally used for breed.

Note: For both the Calf Number and Dam, you do not have to put a brand and breed into
the Brand and Breed fields you may use them for whatever you need to help
identify your calves.

Sex The sex of the calf Bulls are Sex 1, Steers are Sex 3, and Females are Sex 5.
Sire
Yr The year the sire was weaned (2 digits).
No. The sire's identification number (4 digits).
ID A 2-character field for brand, breed, or any other form of identification.
Dam
Yr The year the dam was weaned (2 digits).
No. The dam's identification number (4 digits).
Brand A 2-character field, normally used for brand.
Breed A 2-character field, normally used for breed.
Birthdate The date the calf was born (MM/DD/YY format).
Birth Weight The calf's birth weight (if measured) (3 digits).

Note: A list of the codes to use for the Birth Vigor, Type, Survival, and Reason are given
in APPENDIX B: SUGGESTED AND REQUIRED CODES.

Birth Vigor The vigor of the calf at birth (1 digit: 0 -- stillborn, 1 -- normal vigor, etc...).
Birth Type The type of birth (1 digit: 1 -- one calf, 2 twins, and so on).
Survival The 1-digit survival code (see APPENDIX B for a list of codes).
Reason The 1-digit Reason for Death code (left blank if the calf is alive)
Wean Weight The weight of the calf at time of weaning (4 digits).
Wean Date The date of weaning (MM/DD/YY format).








Condition The calf's condition score (on a 1 to 17 scale also called grade) (2 digits).
Frame The calf's frame score (on a 1 to 5 scale) (2 digits).
Control The calf's variable control field a 7-character field you may use for any
purpose. You could, for example, put a pasture code in a column of Variable
Control, and then produce reports by pasture. You can even put more than
one thing in a control field for instance, a pasture code in columns 1-3 of
variable control, and a feed program code in columns 4-7.
Dam Weight The weight of the Dam, measured at weaning time (4 digits).
Wean Height The height of the calf at weaning (4 digits).
Herd # The herd number of the calf (4 digits).


POST WEAN FIELDS


Init. Date

Init. Weight


The date at the start of the post wean testing period (MM/DD/YY
format).
The weight at start of test (4 digits).


Note: Since testing usually begins at weaning time, the initial date and weight can be set
to the wean date and weight by Post Wean List program. (This will save you the
trouble of entering those fields manually).


Final Date
Final Weight
Final Condition
Final Frame
Post Wean Control


The date at the end of the testing period (MM/DD/YY format).
The weight at the end of test (4 digits).
The final condition score (grade) (on a 1-17 scale) (2 digits).
The final frame score (on a 1-5 scale) (2 digits).
A 10-character field, free for you to use for any purpose (like the
Control field above). This field only prints on the Post Wean List and
the Post Wean Data reports.


CALF FILE REQUIRED FIELDS

The following fields must be filled in:


Calf Year and Identification Number
Calf Sex
Dam Year and Identification Number
Calf's Birth Date
Calf's Survival Code

Calf's Wean Weight and Wean Date


(1 Bull, 3 Steer, 5 Heifer)

(only required for calves with 1 survival)
(first digit of the Survival & Reason field -- see
APPENDIX B for list of codes)
(only required for calves with 1 survival)


Most of the fields allow you to only enter numbers. However, Brand, Breed, and the
two Control fields may contain letters or numbers (You could enter a Breed of AN for an
Angus Calf, for example).
Calf birth data can be entered before weaning, and a wean list data form can be
generated to record the wean data for each calf. However, you will need to enter the wean
weights and dates for all living calves before you run the Wean Data report.









If you have calves that do not survive, or cows that do not have calves, you still need
to enter records for these dams with the appropriate Survival and Reason codes. This
information will be used when summarizing cow production over several years. For these
records, the Wean Weight and Date are optional. (Note: In the past, records were given
a calf number of 999X, where X is the Survival Code. For example calf 88 9993 was
stillborn, and calf 88 9999 meant that the Dam was open that year.)
The bottom line of fields on the screen is for post weaning information. You can
leave this line blank if you are not interested in these reports. If you do want to generate
post wean reports, you must fill in all post wean fields except Final Condition, Final Frame,
and Post Wean Control, which are optional.

ENTRY MODE

To get into Entry Mode (to enter completely new data), press <2> from the
Enter/Edit Menu. You will see "ENTRY MODE ACTIVATED" appear next to the word
STATUS: on the screen, and the cursor will sit blinking on the first field, the Calf Year.
At this point, you could start entering data. When you are finished with a screen,
and want to enter another record, press . This will save the record entered and give
you a blank form on the screen to fill in. If you want to stop, press .
If you entered data on a screen and then press without pressing first,
the system will display this box:

I Save changes made
to this Record? (Y/N)

If you press , the record WILL NOT be saved. Otherwise, if you press ,
it will be saved as if you had pressed .

ENTERING DATA

Each field on the Enter/Edit Screen has a maximum number of characters. If what
you type in fills a field, the cursor will move to the next field. If what you type in is shorter
than the field length, press < Enter > or < Right Arrow > to advance the cursor to the next
field. If you press the wrong key, pressing < Backspace > or will move the
cursor back so you can correct your mistake.
CowBase will put leading zeros on all the numbers you enter. For example, if you
type 14 on the 4-digit Animal Number field, the system will store 0014 in that
field when it is saved.
You can move to the next field by hitting < Enter > or < Right Arrow >, and move
to the previous field by hitting < Backspace > or < Left Arrow >. < Home > and < End >
on the numeric keypad will take you to the first and last fields on the screen. If you want
to delete an entire field, press on the numeric keypad.
In order to save this record (all numbers you have entered on this screen) and
advance to the next, press < F10>. If either the animal's year or number is left blank, this
box will appear:








I Animal Year & Number MUST
be filled in.
*** RECORD NOT SAVED ***



If these two are blank, you do not really have a useful record. Press any key to
return to the Enter/Edit screen, where you can add a year and number or press to
"forget" this record.
VERIFY MODE

When you have completed data entry, press on a blank form. The system
will display this box:

Do you want to VERITY? (Y/N)

VERIFY mode lets you examine and edit the records entered in this session. It
behaves exactly like Edit Mode, except that you can only edit records entered in this session
- it will skip past any records entered earlier. The Find Record and Delete/Recover
Special Functions (keys < F2> and see below) are disabled, as well. If you want
to verify, press Y at this point to enter Verify Mode (for instructions, read the explanation
of Edit mode below).

EDIT MODE

To modify data you have previously entered, press <1> from the Calf Enter/Edit
Screen. You will see "EDIT MODE ACTIVATED" appear next to STATUS:, the cursor will
be on the first field, Calf Year, and the first record in the file will be displayed.
You can use the left and right arrow keys to move from field to field. If you want
to change a field, move to the field you want to change and type in the correction. When
you are finished entering corrections to a record, press the record will be saved
and the next record will be displayed. Press to exit without the changes taking
effect (useful if you make a mistake CowBase will display "Save Changes?" as it does
when you press in Entry Mode).
To move to another record, use the up and down arrow keys.
moves to the next record in sequence (unless you are on the last record), and
moves to the previous one (unless you are on the first record). In addition, the
and keys move you forward and backward 10 records. The records are sorted
by Year and Number, so you can find a specific record by paging through them. A better
way to find a specific record is to use the Find Record function described below.

Note: In Verify mode, you cannot advance past the last record or before the first record
entered in this session -- If you try, you will see the message "End of Verified
Records".









COWBASE ENTER/EDIT HELP SCREEN

If you look at the lower right hand comer of the Calf Enter/Edit screen, you will
see "F1 FOR HELP' displayed. Press < Fl> while in Enter or Edit Mode, and you will see
this:


KEYS:

- This help screen

- Find record

- Set Auto-Field

- Clear Auto-Field

- Set starting
cursor position
- Delete/Recover

- Change Sort Order

- Tab set/clear


OTHER KEYS:

-> or Enter Next Field

<- or BkSp Previous Field

Del Delete Field b Next Tab Stop

Home, End first/last field


IN EDIT MODE ONLY:

DnAr UpA Move to Next/Previous Record


PgDn PgUp Move Forward/Back 10 Records


FUNCTION

F1 l

F2

F3

F4

F5
,

F6

F7

F8


F10


PRESS ANY KEY TO CONTINUE


This screen describes all the special function keys that are active in Entry and Edit
Mode. (We have not discussed most of these yet, but we will cover them all.) For now,
be aware that if you are in Entry or Edit mode and you forget what these keys mean, you
can press to get this help screen.

Once you are finished looking at the Help screen, press any key to return to the
Enter/Edit screen.


- SAVE RECORD








ENTER/EDIT SPECIAL FUNCTIONS


The functions described below are available in both Entry and Edit mode.

AUTO-FIELDS

An auto-field is a field you want to fill with the same value for all the records you
are entering. You use the key to make a field an auto-field and the key to
turn the auto-field off.
For example, if you want all the calves you enter to have a Year of 88, this is the
procedure:

1. Make sure you are in Entry Mode on the Calf File.

2. Put an 88 in the Year field.

3. Move the Cursor back one space with the key, so that the
cursor sits over the first digit of the Year field.

4. Press .

You will notice that the year field is in reverse video (black on white), and that it
cannot be modified -- its value will be set to 88 for all records you enter and save with
. When you press now, instead of a blank form, you will get a form with
the Year already set to 88. To turn this auto-field off, move the cursor to the first field
past the field you want to reset (that would be Number for the Year field) and press
< F4 >. The previous field will go back to normal, and you will be able to modify the field.
You can set auto-field for ANY field on the screen. In addition, you can auto individual
digits in the control fields (Variable Control on Calf and Inventory, as well as the Post
Wean Control on Calf).
If you have auto-fields defined when you're in Edit Mode, pressing < F10 > will store
those auto-fields in the record. The arrow keys and < PgUp > / < PgDn > keys will allow you
to move from one record to another without changing the values stored.

SET STARTING CURSOR POSITION

This option can be useful when you have to add, for example, wean weights to an
entire herd. What it does is change where the cursor shows up when you view a record in
Edit Mode.
To use it for this wean weight example, get into Edit Mode, move the cursor to the
Wean Weight field, and press (you will see the message "Current field set" at the
bottom of the screen). From now on, whenever you advance to the next record, the cursor
will be placed on the Wean Weight field.







TAB SET/CLEAR


With this option, you can set and reset tab stops on the Enter/Edit screen, much as
you would on a typewriter. In this way, if you have to enter a few widely separated fields
on several records, you will not have to repeatedly press to move to the desired
fields.
For example, suppose you wanted to enter a Wean Weight and a Wean Height to
all the calves in a given file. To set up tab stops at these positions, just move your cursor
to the Wean Weight field, press , and then move to the Wean Height field and press
again. Each time you do this, you will see the message Tab Set appear at the
bottom of the screen. From then on, each time you press , you will move to the
Wean Weight or Height field, skipping past all the fields in between.
To clear a tab, move to the field with a tab set and press < F8 > again. You will see
the message Tab Cleared and the key will no longer move to that field.

Note: If you press without setting any tabs first, you will see No Tabs Set appear
at the bottom of the screen.

EDIT MODE SPECIAL FUNCTIONS

The functions described below are only available in Edit Mode.

-- FIND RECORD

This option lets you find an individual record by its animal number. This number
should be a unique number within each file, allowing you to find a specific record in a large
file quickly.
For example, if you entered some data, and now want to modify animal number 88
0014. If you are in edit mode and press , this box will appear:

Number of the record to Find:

Number
I <-- blinking cursor




Type 14, and press . Note that you did not have to type in the leading Os
on the 14. If there is an animal number 0014, it will now be displayed. If not, you will get
the message "Record Not Found" at the bottom of the screen, and nothing else will happen.
What you see when you press < F2 > depends on your current sort order (sort order
is changed with the < F7 > key). If you are sorting by Animal Number, you will see the box
above. If you are sorting by Dam Number, you will see the message "Dam Year and
Number of the record to Find", and you will have to supply a Dam Year and Number. If
you are sorting by Sex, you will have to supply the sex and animal number.








DELETE/RECOVER


When you press while in Edit Mode, this box will appear:

Delete/Recover
Esc Exit
1 Delete Rec
2 Recover One
3 Recover All
4 Compress


If you pressed by mistake, press and the Delete/Recover Box will
vanish, leaving you in Edit Mode.

1. Delete Rec
This option allows you to mark the record presently on the screen for deletion.
After selecting this option the record will not appear in reports (unless it is recovered with
options 2 or 3).
When you press <1>, the word "DELETED" will appear in the upper middle of
the screen. When you move from record to record in Edit Mode, deleted records are not
displayed. However, you will still be able to see this record by using -- Find ID.

2. Recover One
This is the opposite of Delete Rec above. If you press <2>, you will be prompted
for the Year and Number of the record to Recover, as in the Find Record < F2 > function.
Once the year and number are entered, CowBase will restore the record, returning you to
Edit Mode with that record displayed and the message "1 Record Recovered" at the bottom
of the screen.








3. Recover All
If you press <3>, you will see this:

I Confirm recovery of all
deleted records? (Y/N)


Press at this point, and you will recover all the records that have been deleted
from this file. You will see a message like "N Records Recovered".
Note: If you have used Compress (option 4) in the past, any records that were deleted at
that time have been removed from the file and cannot be recovered.
4. Compress
When you run the compress option on a file, all the currently deleted records will
be removed from the file. You will not be able to recover these records after you have run
compress.
When you press <4>, you will see:

Compress Deleted Records -- Sure? (Y/N)

WARNING: Once records have been
compressed they are removed from the
file and CANNOT be recovered.



If you are sure you want to do this, press . You will see the word
"Compressing" flashing at the bottom of the screen, and then the words "Reading", "Sorting',
and "Writing' as the file is re-sorted.
CHANGE SORT ORDER
Normally, the Calf Enter/Edit Module sorts calf records by their Calf Number. It
is sometimes useful to be able to sort the animals in different orders -- for example, by Sex,
or by Dam Year and Number. This option will let you change the order in which calves
appear in the Calf Enter/Edit module. Once you have re-sorted a file, it will remain sorted
in the order you selected until you change the order with again.








When you press , this box will appear:


The first three options are pre-defined sorting orders. Option 1 sorts the records by
Calf Identification Number. Option 2 sorts by Sex and Calf Identification Number. Option
3 sorts by Dam Year and Dam Identification Number. To change to one of these sorting
orders, just press the corresponding number. You will see the words "Reading", "Sorting",
and then 'Writing" as the file is re-sorted.
Option 4 lets you specify any combination of fields (or parts of fields) to sort on.
When you press < 4 >, you will see the Calf File Field Codes screen, and the message "Field
Codes to sort by" as you do when you ask for a Custom report. Please see "CREATING
CUSTOM REPORTS" in APPENDIX A: USING SELECTION CRITERIA AND CUSTOM
REPORTS for further information on this option.

Note: When option 4 is selected, the Find Record function () will not work.


Change Sort
Esc Exit
1 Sort by Number
2 Sort by Sex
3 Sort by Dam
4 Custom Sort









ENTERING INVENTORY DATA


Is the Inventory File required?

If you want to run the Work Book, Birth List, Weight Data
Summary, or the Wean Summary, you will need the Inventory
File. (Of these, the Work Book and Weight Data Summary
report solely on information in the Inventory file.) See
APPENDIX D for samples of these reports.


If you press <2> on the CowBase Main Menu, this screen will appear:


INVENTORY MAIN MENU


Esc Return to Main Menu
1 Select Inventory File

2 Enter/Edit Inventory Records
3 Search for Duplicates





Press 1-3 to select or Esc to return to the Main Menu


This is the Inventory File Main Menu. You will notice that this screen is very
similar to the Calf File Main Menu. All the options do exactly what their counterparts in
the Calf file Main menu do. Of course, when you select a file, it uses the INV extension
instead of CLF, and when you go into Enter/Edit Mode, you get a different entry screen.

(see next page)


Question:

Answer:








This is the Inventory Enter/Edit Screen:


Esc Exit to Main Menu 1 Edit Mode 2 Entry Mode

Inventory Data Record# STATUS :

------ID Number---- ---Sire---- frService Sire-
Yr No. Brand Breed Sex Yr No. ID Yr No. ID


Variable Wt 1 Date Fall Winter Spring Summer Fall
Control MM DD YY Wt 1 Wt 2 Wt 3 Wt 4 Wt 5 Height


Condition Frame Pregnancy Scrotal Cull Herd
Score Score Status Size Reason No.



All the commands you have learned for the Calf Enter/Edit system work identically
for the Inventory Enter/Edit system, except for a slight difference in the (Change
Sort Order) command you cannot sort by Dam Year and Number, since there are no
such fields in the Inventory File.

INVENTORY FILE FIELDS

Here are explanations for all the fields in an Inventory file:

ID Number
Yr The year the animal was weaned (2 digits).
No. The animal's identification number, from an ear tag, fire brand, or other


Sex
Sire



Service


permanent form of identification (4 digits).
Brand A 2-character field, normally used for brand.
Breed A 2-character field, normally used for breed.
The animal's sex (1 -- Bull, 3 -- Steer, 5 -- Heifer)

Yr The year the sire was born (2 digits).
No. The sire's identification number (4 digits).
ID A 2-character field for brand, breed, or any other form of identification.
e Sire (The bull assigned to this cow for breeding purposes.)
Yr The year the service sire was weaned (2 digits).
No. The service sire's identification number (4 digits).
ID The service sire's 2-character ID.








Variable Control

Wt 1 Date
Fall Wt 1
Winter Wt 2
Spring Wt 3
Summer Wt 4
Fall Wt 5


A general-purpose 6-character field, like the control fields in the calf
records.
The date that weight #1 was taken (MM/DD/YY format)
Last year's fall weight (4 digits).
This year's winter weight (4 digits).
This year's spring weight (4 digits).
This year's summer weight (4 digits).
This year's fall weight (4 digits).


Note: When you create next year's inventory file (option 3 on the Utilities Menu), next
year's file will contain this year's weight #5 in the new file's weight #1 column, and
the other weights will be deleted.


Height
Condition
Frame
Pregnancy Status


Scrotal Size

Cull Reason


The animal's height, usually measured each Fall (4 digits).
The animal's condition score (on a 1 to 17 scale -- also called grade)
The animal's frame score (2 digits usually on a 1 to 5 scale)
The animal's pregnancy status (1 pregnant; 0 -- open; blank --
immature female or male). This field is displayed on many reports,
and can be used by the Birth List report to limit the females that
appear on the report, if desired.
The animal's scrotal circumference, if male (3 digits can be in
centimeters or tenths of an inch).
If the animal is to be culled, this field contains the coded reason for
culling (see APPENDIX B for a list of codes). If the cull reason is not
blank, the animal will be removed from the herd at the beginning of
next year. There is a list of suggested cull reasons in APPENDIX B,
but you do not have to follow these (2 digits).


Not only are there fewer fields on this screen, but there are fewer required fields as well:

Animal Year and Identification Number
Sex
Cull Reason (if the animal is to be culled)








REPORTS


If you press <3> from the CowBase Main Menu, you will see this:


REPORTS MAIN MENU

Esc Return to Main Menu
1 Work Book / Birth List

2 Wean List

3 Wean Data Report

4 Wean Summary

5 Weight Data Summary
6 Post Wean List

7 Post Wean Data Report

Press 1-7 to select or Esc to return to Main Menu


This option will let you print out the many reports of the CowBase system.

Note: You can find samples of all the Reports available from this menu in APPENDIX D:
SAMPLE REPORTS. You can also find the formulas used to calculate the values
used in the reports in APPENDIX C: FORMULAS USED IN CALCULATIONS.

Note: Floppy Disk Users!!

When you select the Reports option of the CowBase main menu, this box may
appear (unless you are using 3.5" diskettes):


I Please put the REPORTS Disk
in Drive A: and then
Press any key to Continue


Do as the box instructs, and you will get the reports menu. If you try to use the
Enter/Edit Calf or Inventory systems after you have changed disks, the system will display
a similar box, requesting the SYSTEM disk.








SUMMARY OF COWBASE REPORTS


WORK BOOK
This report requires that you enter Herd Inventory information (in other words, you
need to create an .INV File). It produces a list of all cows in the .INV file, leaving spaces
for you to fill in weights, heights, or whatever other information you like. It also leaves
room to enter Cull Reason, Service Sire, and current Pregnancy Status.

BIRTH LIST
This report requires that you enter Inventory information. It produces a form used
to enter calf IDs and birth weights. It lists the Dams sorted by year and number and leaves
spaces for information on the calves. Once you have filled in this form, you use it to enter
the calves into the .CLF file for this year. (NOTE: you will not have Wean weights and
Dates to enter at this time, of course just leave those fields blank in the .CLF file).

WEAN LIST
This report is similar to Birth List, and is run at weaning time. It produces a form
to enter the wean weights and dates. Once this form is filled in, you edit the .CLF file
you created after you ran Birth List to add the weights and dates.

WEAN DATA
This is the primary report of the CowBase system. It produces a report listing the
calves born this year, computing their adjusted weights, weight ratios, and indexes relative
to their peers. It produces averages for sex, sire, and sire broken down by sex.

WEAN SUMMARY
This option produces a report summarizing this year's weaning information. This
report requires that you enter Inventory information. You must run Wean Data before you
print this report, since it uses values calculated by the Wean Data report.

WEIGHT DATA
This report requires that you enter Inventory Information. It produces a listing of
the current herd, with all the weights for the year displayed.

POST WEAN LIST
This report is like the Wean List report above it prints a form so you can fill in
post wean dates and weights.

POST WEAN DATA
This report is similar to the Wean Data report. It calculates standard weights,
indexes, and average daily gains based on the data in the Post Wean fields and the values
provided by the Wean Data report. You must run Wean Data before you print this report,
since it uses values calculated by the Wean Data report.








REPORTS STANDARD QUESTIONS

When you select any of the reports, you will be asked certain standard questions.
Below, you will find the most common questions described; we will cover questions unique
to each report in the explanation of each.

Note: If you pick a report by mistake, pressing on any of these questions will get
you back to the Reports Menu.

1. The Enter-Filename Box:
When you start a Report, this by-now familiar box will appear:

I <-- blinking cursor
nter the name of the file to process.
(Hit F1 for a list of files)





Enter the filename you want to process, or hit for a list of files to choose
from. If CowBase cannot find the file you request, you will see a message like this one:
File 88SRI.XXX does not exist in directory YYY
Press any key to continue

Press any key, and you will be back at the Reports Menu.

2. Title:
This is a descriptive title put at the bottom of each page. The title has 2 parts; the
first part is put at the bottom left-hand side of the page, and the second is centered at the
bottom of the page. The title is converted to uppercase automatically.
To enter this title, just type in the first part, type an "at" sign (@), type the second
part, then press . For example, typing
Title: sample ranchwvean data 1988

produces this title:


WEAN DATA 1988


SAMPLE RANCH


PAGE XX








3. Put Report on (Printer File)

Note: This question, and many that follow, are multiple-choice questions. The first
selection (Printer) is underlined above; on your screen, it will really be inverse video
(black on white background). You can just type the first letter of the selection you
want, and it will be set. You can also use the left and right arrow keys to select one
of the choices, then press < Enter > when you are at the one you want. Pressing just
without using the arrow keys would select the first choice (Printer in the
example above). Pressing , as always, would cause you to go back to the
Reports Menu.

Instead of creating a paper printout of your report, you can make a file. This file
could then be used in other ways (you could send it by electronic mail, or edit it with a
word processor, for instance). Most people, of course, will just want a printout, so just
press < Enter > to select Printer.

Note: If you select File at this question, CowBase will ask:
Filename:

Type in the name of the file to create and press . CowBase will create a
file on the default drive with a filename of XXX.PRN, where XXX is the name you give
it.

4. Print (Standard Custom) XXXXX report:
This is another multiple-choice question. Most of these reports have a standard
report -- they put out the records in a certain order, broken down by certain fields. By
selecting Custom here you can override the standard settings. To get the standard Florida
Beef Cattle Improvement Association reports, just press here so that Standard
is selected.
Setting up custom reports is rather involved. Please see "APPENDIX A: USING
SELECTION CRITERIA AND CUSTOM REPORTS" for further information on this topic.

5. Set Selection Criteria (Nq Yes)
This multiple-choice question will let you select certain records out of the herd to
run a report on. For example, with this option, you could run a Wean Data report on "All
Brahman Calves" or "all calves with a Sex of 5 and a Dam Year before 1984".
This option is explained in "APPENDIX A: USING SELECTION CRITERIA AND
CUSTOM REPORTS". For most people, Pressing < Enter> here to create a report for the
entire file is sufficient.

6. Number of Copies (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
If you would like more than one copy of a report, press the number you want,
otherwise, just hit and one copy will be printed.








REPORTS EXECUTION


Once you have answered all the questions a report needs, the screen will clear and
the word Loading will appear, flashing, in the upper left hand comer of the screen. After
a bit, the word Sorting will appear, followed by the word Printing. When you see Printing,
the printer should start printing (unless you selected File on the Printer/File question --
then the output file will be written on your default data drive).
If you want to stop printing a file for any reason, you can get the computer's attention
by pressing any key (this ONLY works while the word Printing is displayed!). When you
press a key, you will see the message:

Continue? (Y/N)

If you press , the message will disappear and printing will continue. If you
press , the printer should stop dead in its tracks, and you will see the message:
Printout Aborted
You probably will have to line up your paper again
Press any Key to Continue

When you press , the computer stops sending the lines of the report to the
printer. In addition, it tells the printer to "reset" itself, which has the unfortunate side
effect of telling the printer "the paper is now at the top of the form" this usually means
that you will have to line up the paper again.
Once you have taken care of the printer, press any key, and you will return to the
Reports Menu.








WORK BOOK / BIRTH LIST


When you press < 1> from the Reports Main Menu, you will see the Enter-Filename
Box described above. After you have selected a file, the program will ask:

Print (WorkBook BirthList) Report

After you select the report you want, the program will ask these standard questions:
Title:
Put Report on (Printer File)

BIRTH LIST QUESTIONS

If you selected BirthList above, you will then see these questions:
Service Sires already entered (No Yes)
Check Pregnancy Status (No Yes)
Create Calf File? (Yes No)

If you have entered service sires in the Inventory file before running this report,
and you would like them to print on the Birth List, press at the Service Sires
question. If, on the other hand, you have not entered service sires, and would like blanks
put on the form for you to fill in, press .
The Birth List report will, if you like, only print out the records for those Dams
with a Pregnancy Status of 1 (pregnant) or 0 (open). Females that have not been bred
(yearling heifers or weanling calves you have added to the Inventory) should have a blank
Pregnancy Status. Pressing at this question will eliminate these non-bred females
from the listing. Pressing < Enter > or will print a listing for ALL the females on
this report.
When you run the Birth List report, you have the option of creating a new calf file.
The calf file will have records containing only the dam identification (and sire information,
if entered) sorted by dam with the other fields left blank for you to fill in. Once you
have filled in the Birth List, you can easily add this information to the calf file -- using the
Enter/Edit Calf Module, go into Edit mode and add the birth information to the existing
records.
If you press < Enter> or to this question, you will see:
Calf File Name:

Type in the name of the file to create and press . Since you would
normally use last year's inventory file to run the Birth List report, the year in the filename
should be one greater than the inventory file you use. For example, you could run the
birth list program using file 88SR.INV and create the calf file 89SR.CLF. CowBase will








create a file on the default drive with the name you specify and a .CLF extension. If a file
of that name already exists on the default drive, you will see:
File Exists. Overwrite? (NH Yes)

If you press , the old file will be overwritten. If you press or < Enter >,
CowBase will ask you for a different calf file name.

WORK BOOK QUESTIONS

If you selected WorkBook above, you will be asked these questions:
Put Height field on report (No Yes)
Put Weight 5 as Weight 1 on form (Yes No)

The Work Book report has two versions, one without a Height field, and one with
a Height field but without a Service Sire field. Select the report you would like.

The Work Book has two options regarding weights. In one case, Weight #5 (which
would be last year's Fall Weight) will be printed as Weight #1, allowing entry of the
weights for this year. The other style prints out the weights as they appear in the file
(Weight 5 in the Weight 5 spot, Weight 4 in Weight 4, etc.).

After all this, you will see these three questions:
Number of Copies (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
Print (Standard Custom) Work Book { or Birth List } Report
Set Selection Criteria (No Yes)

Answer these questions, and the report will be printed.

WORK BOOK REPORT FIELDS

The left hand side of the Work Book Report looks like this:
ANIMAL NO. S SIRE SERV. SIRE CONTROL
74 117 01 09 5 70024301 1

First are the Year, Number, Brand, and Breed of the animal under the "ANIMAL
NO." heading. Following that is the animal's Sex, under "S". Then the Year, Number and
ID of the animal's Sire are given. Following that is space to enter the Service Sire, and
then the Inventory Control field is displayed.
On the right-hand side of the report, you will see:








WT 3 WT 4 WT 5 CD FR P CULL REA


1032 1

First there is WT 1, the "Fall Weight", and spaces to enter the other weights (one
for each season, with WT5 being the Fall Weight for the following year). CD is short for
Condition Score, and FR is the Frame Score. Under P is space to enter the new Pregnancy
Status (1 Pregnant, 0 Open). To its right is the Pregnancy Status recorded in the
Inventory file at this time, and space to enter the Cull Reason (See APPENDIX B for a list
of suggested codes).
The Work Book report prints out all animals in the inventory file, sorted by their
Year, Number, Brand and Breed, separated into three groups. First, it gives a list of all the
animals with a blank Cull Reason. Then, it gives the females with a non-blank Cull
Reasons (labeling them "female removals"), followed by the male "removals". After each
group, it prints a count of the number of animals in that group.

BIRTH LIST REPORT FIELDS

The left hand side of the Birth List Report looks like this:
YR NO. BA BE S SIRE DAM MODAYR BWT
74 134 0100

At the far left is room to enter the Year, Number, Brand, Breed, and Sex of the
newborn calf. Next, if you asked for it, the Service Sire is printed otherwise, there are
spaces for you to enter the Year, Number, and ID of the Service Sire. After that the Dam
Year, Number, Brand and Breed is printed, followed by space to enter the Birth Date
(under MODAYR), and the Birth Weight.
The rest of the line looks like this:

V T SR WNWT CD FR 1234567 REMARKS P
11 1_____1 0

First are two small spaces for the Birth Vigor and Type (under the V and T
headings), then spaces for the Survival and Reason, Wean Weight, Condition Score, and
Frame Score. The Dam's Control Field is under the 1234567, followed by a space for
remarks, and the current Pregnancy Status for the Dam.
The Birth List report prints two groups. The first group contains those dams with
a blank Cull Reason. The second group contains the dams with a non-blank Cull Reason
(these are the removals from the herd, and the title at the bottom has the word
REMOVALS added to it). Inside each of these groups the dams are sorted by Year and
Number.
Normally, all the females in the Herd .INV file are printed. However, you can limit
this report to only those females which have a non-blank Pregnancy Status (by the Check
Pregnancy Status question above).


WT 1 WT 2








WEAN LIST

When you press <2> from the Reports Main Menu, you will see the Enter-Filename
Box. After you have selected a file, the program will ask these standard questions
(described above in the Reports Standard Questions section):
Title:
Put Report on (Printer File)
Number of Copies (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
Print (Standard Custom) Wean List Report
Set Selection Criteria (Ho Yes)

Once you have answered these questions, the report will start printing.
The left side of the wean list report looks like this:
ANIMAL NO. S SIRE DAM MODAYR BWT V T SR
86 0001 45 42 5 79 9045 04 81 0087 57 42 120385 065 1 1 1

First, you see the Year, Number, Brand and Breed of the calf in question, and,
under S, the calfs Sex. The Sire Year, Number, and ID, followed by the Dam Year,
Number, Brand, and Breed are next. Then the Birth Date, Birth Weight, Vigor, Type, and
Survival/Reason Code are printed.
The rest of the line looks like this:
WNWT CD FR 1234567 REMARKS
9 1

First, there is room to enter the Wean Weight, Condition Score, and Frame Score,
followed by the calf's Control field. After that is space for any remarks you would like to
put down (these would not be entered into the .CLF file they are just for your benefit).
The Wean List prints out all calves in the .CLF file you selected, ordered by Year
and Number.








WEAN DATA REPORT

When you press < 3 > from the Reports Main Menu, you will see the Enter-Filename
Box. After you select the file, you will be asked the standard questions:
Title:
Put Report on (Printer File)

After that, you will be asked:
Set Advanced Features (No Yes)

The Wean Data report has many options. By pressing at this question, you
can change many aspects of the report. Further explanation of the Advanced Features is
in the "SETTING WEAN DATA ADVANCED FEATURES" section which follows. Most
users can press to leave the advanced features as they are.

Finally, you will be asked the two standard questions,
Print (Standard Custom) Wean Data Report
Set Selection Criteria (No Yes)

Once you have answered these, the Wean Data report will execute.

There are two fields the Wean Data Report will fill in if they are left blank -- Birth
Weight and Condition Score. If you leave Birth Weight blank, CowBase assumes the
default birth weights listed in the Adjustment Values Table (70 pounds for both sexes, if
you are using the FBCIA table). If Condition Score is blank, a score of 9 is assumed (on
a 1-17 scale). You will not see these default values on the report, or when you edit the
record Wean Data uses them to calculate adjusted weights and indexes.

The Wean Data report actually prints three different reports, one after the other.
The first one groups animals by their sex and animal number, and looks like this:








WEAN DATA BY SEX AND ANIMAL NUMBER


BIRTH WEAN
ANIMAL NO. S SIRE DAM MODAYR SR
865208 32 42 3 80 960 03 81 134 27 42 22486 1
865209 65 42 3 06 84 5044 57 42 22486 1
86 210 85 42 3 81 607 08 83 123 57 42 22586 5

CALF AV FOR SEX=3 NN ND N1 P S W
107 107 102 100 96 96

Up at the top is a title telling you which part of the wean data report this is
("WEAN DATA BY SEX AND ANIMAL NUMBER"). On the left you will see the
animals' year, number, brand, breed, and sex, followed by their sires and dams. Then you
will see their birth date, survival code, and reason for death code.
The right half of the Wean Data Report looks like this:

WEAN 205 BIR WT SCORE CONTROL IN- WT/
WT AGE WT WT RTO CD FR 1234567 DEX 1000
498 185 545 60 97 10 3 6 1 98 528
426 185 467 50 96 9 3 9 1 95 554
0 0 72 0 9 1 0 0

542 214 524 79 98 9 3 0 97 531

Here, you see the wean weight, age of the calf (in days), unadjusted 205-day weight,
and birth weight (if you entered birth weights otherwise you will see the 205-day weight
adjusted for age of Dam in this column, under the heading "AAD 205"). The weight ratio,
condition and frame scores, variable control field, index, and weight per 1000 pounds of
Dam follow (see APPENDIX C for the formulas used to calculate these values).

At the bottom of each sex group, you will see the average line. This gives the sex
for these averages, Number of records (NN), Number of Dams (ND -- this may be less
than NN if there are twins in this group), Number of calves with 1 survival (N1), and three
values given as percentages: the Pregnancy Rate (P), Survival Rate (S), and Wean Rate
(W). Following these are the averages for the sex of the values above.

The second and third reports that Wean Data creates are similar to the first one.
The second report lists all the sires used this year, giving averages for each sire broken
down by sex.
The final report lists these sire averages without breaking them down by sex (see
APPENDIX D for examples of these reports).








SETTING WEAN DATA ADVANCED FEATURES

If you press at the Set Advanced Features question on the Wean Data Report,
you will see this:
Advanced Features Menu
1) Use (FBCIA BIF) Adjustment Values
2) Display Birth Weights (Yes No)
3) Average on Part of Control field (Yes No)
4) Compute Separate Ratios and Indexes for each Sex (Yes Ko)
5) Summarize on other conditions (Yes No)
6) Change standard age (Yes No)
Your Choice 1-6 or to exit:

Select the item you want to change by pressing a number (1-6). When you select an
item, the cursor will move to the line you selected. Type the first letter of the response,
as you have done before for multiple-choice questions, or press to leave the setting
as it is.
When you are finished making changes, press , and you will return to the
Wean Data Report screen. The current settings will be saved so that the Wean Data
Report will use these settings the next time it is run.

Here is an explanation of these 6 questions:

1) Use (FBCIA BIF) Adjustment Values

This option gives you the choice of one of two sets of adjustment values. These
are weight adjustments for age of dam and for sex. The FBCIA selection lets you use the
multiplicative age-of-dam adjustments that have been used in the past by the FBCIA. The
BIF values are additive age-of-dam adjustments from the Beef Improvement Federation
(In other words, if you want results like you have been getting in the past from us, use the
FBCIA tables).

2) Display Birth Weights (QY No)

If you have entered birth weights for your cattle, and you would like them on the
report, press < Enter>. Otherwise, the program will print 205-day weights adjusted for age
of dam instead of birth weights.








3) Average on Part of Control Field (Yes No)


When the Wean Data Report generates averages, it produces an average value for
the Control field. If you use part of the control field for a measurement of some kind, and
you would like an average on that measurement, press . If you press , you will
see these two questions, one after the other:

(1 2 3 4 5 6 7) Starting Column
(1 2 3 4 5 6 7) Ending Column

Just press the digits for the starting and ending columns in response to this question,
and that section of the control field will be used for averaging.

4) Compute Separate Ratios and Indexes for each Sex (No Yes)

When the Wean Data report calculates Weight Ratios and Indexes, it uses the entire
herd for comparison (unless you use the selection criteria to pull up only certain classes of
animals). In addition, the adjustment tables (FBCIA and BIF) make adjustments to the
animal's weights on the basis of sex, so the indexes for males and females should be
comparable. If you would like, however, the system will group all animals of the same sex
together when it calculates the index and weight ratio this means that a male's index will
be relative to the other males in the herd, and a females's index will be relative to the other
females in the herd. If you would like this, just press . Otherwise, just hit < Enter >,
and the calculations will take place relative to the entire group you have selected.

5) Summarize on other conditions (No Yes)

This option will let you calculate averages for up to seven different conditions you
specify. For instance, if you would like the averages for your 1983 cows, or your Angus
cattle, you could produce it with this option. These averages will print on the last page of
the Wean Data Report, without the records themselves being printed. (This is different
than using Selection Criteria, since this does not affect the rest of the report -- it just
summarizes part of the report you are printing.) To use this feature, however, you will
need to be familiar with selection criteria, since the method of specifying the records to
select is the same (in other words, you will need to read APPENDIX A: USING
SELECTION CRITERIA AND CUSTOM REPORTS before attempting this).
When you answer to this question, you will see the list of Calf File Field
Codes, as you do when you ask for selection criteria. Below the list, you will see:









For Condition #1
Values to Select: I

Here, as in Selection Criteria, you type in the conditions to select upon (for example,
for an average for your 1983 cows, you could enter I=83 see APPENDIX A for an
explanation and examples of Selection Criteria). Press < Enter> to end the line and you
will see:
Title:

This is a descriptive title that will be displayed on the left side of the averages (for
example, we could type in 1983 COWS ). Once you have supplied a title, the
system will display:

For Condition #2
Values to Select: |

If you wish to enter another condition, type it in, otherwise, hit , and you
will be returned to the Set Advanced Features Menu. The conditions you selected (up to
seven) will be displayed next to the "break down" question.
The averages printed here are exactly like those printed for Sex and Sire by the
Wean Data Standard Report, except, of course, that they are on the conditions you specify.

6) Change standard age (Yes NI.)

Normally, the Wean Data report prints a 205-day adjusted weight for all calves.
With this option, you can change the standard age from 205 to any other number you like.
If you press in response to this question, you will see:
Enter new age:

If you did not want to change the standard age, press and it will be set back
to 205. Otherwise, enter the new standard age you desire and press . You will
see the age you entered displayed next to option 6.








WEAN SUMMARY


If you pressed <4> from the Reports Main Menu, you will see the Enter-Filename
Box. After you select a file, you will see this:
Ranch Name: I <-- blinking cursor

The system is asking you for a ranch name to print on the top of the Wean
Summary. Type it in and press .
Now you will see this:
Current Year (default 19XX)?

If the system had the date and time entered, or if your system has a real-time clock,
the default year displayed should be the correct year, and you can press If the
year displayed is incorrect, type in the correct year and press .

Following that will be the Standard Question,
Put Report on (Printer File)

After that, you will see:
Use a digit of Control as Treatment Code (No Yes)

If you have a one-digit Treatment Code in the variable control field, you can produce
a summary based on this code (see APPENDIX D for a sample). If you do not want
breakdowns by treatment code, press , otherwise press .
If you pressed above, you will see:
Column # (i 2 3 4 5 6 7)

Select the column of the Control field you used for the treatment code.
Once all these questions have been answered, the Wean Summary will print. For
a sample of the Wean Summary report, see APPENDIX D: SAMPLE REPORTS.









WEIGHT DATA SUMMARY

When you press < 5 > from the Reports Main Menu, you will see the Enter-Filename
Box described above. After entering the file name, you will see these standard questions:
Title:
Put Report on (Printer File)

Then you will be asked:

Current Year (default 19xx)? (19xx being the year from the system date)

This year is used to group the cattle into age groups for the purposes of this report.
If the year displayed is correct, press and it will be used. Otherwise, type in the
current year (you can enter all four digits (1988) or the last two digits (88)) and press
. Now you will see:
Break down averages on a Field (No Yes)

This option will let you print out averages grouped by values of a field you specify.
For instance, if you wanted to see averages broken down by breed, you could specify it
here. (This option will be described in more detail below.) Press if you want to
define a field to use for averages, or if you do not. After this, you will see the
standard questions:
Number of Copies (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
Print (Standard Custom) Weight Data Summary
Set Selection Criteria (No Yes)

When you have answered these questions, the Weight Data Summary will execute.








The Weight Data Summary report looks like this:


AN.NO. BA BE S SIRE ID SRV ID DATEWT1 WT1..5 HGT CD FR PREG CONTROL
850110 21 44 5 02 082885 0532... 1270 11 2 1 6 3 9
850116 27 42 5 02 082885 0636... 1345 13 4 1 6 6 8
850117 27 42 5 02 082885 0620... 1300 10 5 1 6 6 9
855120 27 42 5 02 082885 0618... 1355 9 2 1 6 6 3
850124 27 42 5 02 082885 0564... 1305 10 1 1 6 6 4
850135 27 42 5 02 082885 0504... 1285 8 2 1 6 6 8

First, you will see the animal's Year, Number, Brand, Breed, and sex, followed by
its sire's Year, Number, and ID (only IDs filled in for our example above). Following is
the service sire's Year, Number, and ID (blank in our example), the Date of Weight #1
(Fall Date), followed by Weights 1 through 5 (condensed to save space in our example
above). Following is the Condition, Frame Score, Pregnancy Status, and Variable Control.

The Weight Summary report prints out all the females in the herd, sorted by their
year, number, brand, and breed, and groups them by their age into four groups:

1. All females 3 years old and older
2. All 2 year olds
3. All 1 year olds
4. All female calves born this year (if present)

The Groups are printed on separate pages, in the order above. For group #1, the
word 'COWS' will be added to the title line. For the other groups, 'XX HEIFERS' will
be displayed, where XX is the animal's year.

BREAK DOWN AVERAGES ON A FIELD (NO YES)

If you press in response to this question, the screen will clear and you will
see the Inventory File Field Codes screen a list of the fields in the .INV file, along with
field codes (letters A-Y) next to them (See APPENDIX A for a picture of this screen).
Below this list will be:
Field to compute averages on:

Type the field code (A-Y) of the field you want to average upon. The system will
then ask you the question after the "Break down Averages" question, namely "Number of
Copies", followed by the rest of the questions for this report.









When the report is printed, you will see a list something like this for each group:


AN. BREED
00
08
09
42
44
45


AVWT1
1002
1041
1004
1031
1051
1065


AVWT5
1047
1079
1049
1061
1065
1066


AVHGT
1214
1225
1185
1347
1295
1294


AVCOND
8
7


AVFRAME
0
0


PREG %
82%
100%
100%
88%
97%
0%


ANIMALS-32
ANIMALS-2
ANIMALS-8
ANIMALS-52
ANIMALS-67
ANIMALS-24


In this example, we wanted averages broken down by the animal's breed, so we
pressed < D> at the "Field to Compute" question, since D is the code for breed. Above,
you see the field name on the left of the title line ("AN. BREED"), along with the different
values of the field (Breed) for this group. To the right of this column are the averages for
weights 1 through 5 (some eliminated above to save space), along with averages for height,
condition and frame score. Following that is the pregnancy rate for each category and the
number of animals in each.








POST WEAN LIST

When you press < 6> from the Reports Main Menu, you will see the Enter-Filename
Box described above. After you have selected a file, the program will ask these standard
questions:
Title:
Put Report on (Printer File)
Number of Copies (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)

The system will then ask:
Copy Wean Weight to Initial Weight (Yes No)

Most producers use the wean weight and date as the initial weight and date for post
wean testing purposes. To copy the wean fields over to the Initial weight and date fields,
press or < Enter >. if you press here, you will have to enter the Initial weight
and dates by hand.
Now you will see the standard questions:

Print (Standard Custom) Post Wean List Report
Set Selection Criteria (No Yes)

Once you have answered these questions, the report will execute.
The left side of the Post Wean List report looks like this:
ANIMAL NO. S SIRE DAM B DATE
871678 00 01 1 809009DR 761678 0001 020187
871760 00 01 1 809009DR 771760 0001 012687
871818 00 01 1 809009DR 771818 0001 011587

This half consists of the animal's Year, Number, Brand, Breed, and Sex, the Sire's
Year, Number, and ID, the Dam's Year, Number, Brand, and Breed, and the animal's
Birth Date.








The other half of the report looks like this:


U205 IND INDATE INWT FNDATE FNWT CD CF CONTROL
654 109 080687 0600
668 106 080687 0630
620 97 080687 0615

Here you will see the Unadjusted 205-Day Weight and Wean Index (calculated by
the Wean Data Report), the Initial Date and Weight (if you elected to have these filled
in for you otherwise, you will just see blanks so that you can enter this data), and space
for the Final Date, Final Weight, Final Condition and Frame scores, along with space for
the Post Wean Control field.
The Post Wean List lists the animals by their sex and animal numbers, and gives
sub-total counts for each sex.








POST WEAN DATA REPORT

When you press <7> from the Reports Main Menu, the screen will clear and you
will see the Enter-Filename Box. Then the system will ask you these standard questions:
Title:
Put Report on (Printer File)

Then you will be asked:
Use (365 440 550) day standard weights

The Post Wean Data Reports calculates a weight at a standard age, for the purposes
of comparing the calves. This standard age (365, 440, or 550 days) should be close to the
average age of the calves at the time Final Weights are taken. If you wish to set the
standard age to 365, press < Enter >, otherwise press <4> or <5> to set the standard age
to 440 or 550.

Now the system will ask:
Average on Part of Post Wean Control Field (No Yes)

The Post Wean Data report can produce an average (for the entire herd) of a
section of the Post Wean Control field. If, for example, you had a measurement in columns
1-3 of the Post Wean Control field, you could print the average of that measurement with
this option. This option will be fully described below.

After the Post Wean Control question, you will be asked:
Number of Copies (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
Print (Standard Custom) Post Wean Report
Set Selection Criteria (Yes No)

When you have answered these questions, the Post Wean report will print.

Like the Wean Data Report, the Post Wean Report will fill in two fields if they are
left blank (Birth Weight and Final Condition Score). If Birth Weight is blank, it assumes
70 pounds. If Final Condition Score is blank, it assumes a score of 9. You will not see
the filled-in values on the report -- they are used to calculate Average Daily Gain, Gain
Ratio, and Post Wean Index.
The left hand side of the Post Wean report looks like this:








POST WEAN -- BY SEX AND ANIMAL NUMBER


205 IN- FIN DAY
ANIMAL BR S SIRE DAM WT DEX WT AGE TST ADG
87 8 00 00 5 85 5100 457 99 755 438 157 0.99
87 10 00 00 5 84 42 80 3100 553 109 830 431 157 0.73
87 12 00 00 5 85 15800 462 101 780 434 157 1.15
87 27 00 00 5 82 43 84 7800 551 117 860 419 157 1.11

NUMBER 45 AVERAGES- 541 106 801 409 157 0.97

POST WEAN CONTROL AVERAGES:
COLUMNS 1-3: 206

At the top, you see the description of this part of the Post Wean report ("BY SEX
AND ANIMAL NUMBER"), beneath which are headings for the fields. First comes the
animal's year, number, brand, breed, sex, its sire's year, number, and ID, and its dam's
year, number, and brand (breed omitted). Following that is the 205-day-weight and index
for the weaning data (calculated by the Wean Data Report), the final weight, age at final
weight, days on test, and average daily gain.
Below the data lines you will see an example of the averages line for this report.
It lists the number of animals in this sub-group (45 animals of sex 5 in this example), along
with averages for the calculated fields.
In this example, the user had coded a measurement into columns 1-3 of the post
wean control field. Using the "Average on Part of Post Wean Control" option described
below, he told the Post Wean report to produce an average for the herd of that
measurement.
The other half of the report looks like this:

GN 440 440 FINAL POST WEAN IN-
RTO WT RTO CD FR CONTROL DEX
102 757 91 0 12 180 89
75 837 101 0 13 234 103
118 787 95 0 13 221 97
114' 883 106 0 14 221 113

100 831 100 0 12 100

Here you will see the Gain Ratio, 440-Day Weight, Final Condition Score, Final
Frame Score, Post Wean Control, and the Post Wean Index. Below are the averages for
these fields as well.
The Post Wean Data report actually prints three different reports, one after the
other. The first lists the animals by Sex and Animal Number, producing averages for each
sex. The second lists animals by 365, 440, or 550-Day Weights and Condition Scores. The
third report lists the animals by Sire Number.








AVERAGE ON PART OF POST WEAN CONTROL FIELD (NO YES)


To illustrate the use of this option, suppose you had entered a value in columns 1-
3 of the Post Wean Control. To produce an average for this field, press at this
question. You would see:
For Part 1:
(1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A(10) Done) Starting Column

To enter a starting column of the field, press <1>-<9>, for column 10, or
< D> if you are finished entering parts. For this example, you would press <1>. Now
you would see:
(1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A(10)) Ending Column

For this example, you would press <3>. Now you would see:
For Part 2:
(1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A(10) Done) Starting Column

If you had another part of the Post Wean Control being used for a measurement,
we could enter its starting column here. For the example, you would press < D > for Done
at this point. See above for an example of the output for a Post Wean Control average.








UTILITIES MENU

When you press <4 > from the CowBase Main Menu, you will see this:


UTILITIES MENU

Esc Return to Main Menu
1 Change Default Settings

2 Add Calves to Inventory File

3 Create Next Year's Inventory

4 Create Dam File from Calves




Press 1-4 to select or Esc to return to the Main Menu


This is the Utilities Main Menu. Here is a brief description of the choices from
here:

1 This option lets you change the default data drive, printer commands, and will let
you tell the system whether or not to sort on the last 3 digits of animal numbers in
reports.

2 This option lets you add the calves in a .CLF file to the .INV file for the herd, so
that they can appear on Work Book and Weight Data reports.

3 This option allows you to create next year's .INV file from this year's.

4 This option will create an .INV file containing all the dams in a .CLF file (useful
when you are setting up the .INV file for the first time).








CHANGE DEFAULT SETTINGS

When you press < 1> from the Utilities Main Menu, you will see this:

Change Default Settings

1 Default Data Drive = XXX {where XXX is the Default drive}

2 Sort on Last 3 digits of Animal Number = No {or Yes}

3 Printer Command: Compressed Mode ON = M {normally}

4 Printer Command: Compressed Mode OFF = P {normally}
Press 1-4 to Select or to Return to the Utilities Menu

Here is an explanation of these options:

< 1 > DEFAULT DATA DRIVE

With this option, you can control where CowBase will look for data files. This can
be a floppy disk drive (like B:) or a hard disk subdirectory (like \COWBASE\DATA).
When you select this option, the system will ,display:
New Default Data Drive?

If you have gotten into this option by mistake, press and you will not change
anything. Otherwise, type in the new path or drive name and press . (For
example, type B: for the B: floppy disk drive, or \COWBASE\DATA
for the \COWBASE\DATA subdirectory of the current drive)
If you were to press only at the New Default Data Drive question, you
would set the Default Data Drive to "nothing' that is, it would look for data in the
current drive (which would be A: for floppy disk users, or \COWBASE for hard disk users).
This is not a good idea, usually, so if you get to this point by mistake, you should press
to avoid changing anything.

<2> SORT ON LAST 3 DIGITS

Some ranches use the first digit of the Animal Number field as a special code (for
example, they might have animals numbered 88 0023, 88 5024, and 88 0025). In the
reports, they want animals sorted with the first digit ignored, so that the three examples
above appear in the order shown (rather than 88 0023, 88 0025, ..., 88 5024). With this
selection, you can turn this feature on or off.








When you select this option, you will see:


Sort on Last 3 digits of Animal Number? (Y/N)

If you have gotten into this option by mistake, just press and you will not
change anything. Otherwise, press or to enable or disable this option.

<3>, <4> PRINTER COMMAND: COMPRESSED MODE ON,OFF

The CowBase system prints many reports that do not fit an 8 1/2 X 11 page if they
are printed in the "normal" print size (10 Characters Per Inch (CPI), also called "Pica").
These reports need to be printed either in 12 CPI ("Elite" mode), or an even denser print
mode, usually 16.67 CPI ("Compressed" mode). Printers need to be sent commands to print
text in different sizes. (These commands are sometimes called "Escape Sequences" since
they usually start with an as the first character.) These two options will let you
change the commands sent to the printer, in case your printer is not printing the reports
properly.
If your printer is compatible with the Epson brand of printer, the codes < Esc > P and
M should make the printer display Elite (12CPI) characters. For other printer
brands, you will have to check the manual for the printer to determine the printer
commands. Usually, if your printer will print in both Elite (12CPI) and Compressed
(16.67CPI), it is better to set up the codes for Elite operation the characters are bigger
and easier to read.

Note: If your printer is a daisy-wheel (or "Letter Quality") printer, you need an Elite wheel
to make the reports fit on 8 1/2 X 11 paper. If this is the case, you should use this
option to delete the printer commands shown here.

To change a printer command, press the number corresponding to the printer
command you want to modify. You will see:
Enter new Compressed ON (or OFF) Printer Command:

At this point, you can hit , which will delete the current printer command,
or type in the new printer command and hit < Enter>. If you want to put an
(ASCII code 27) in the printer command, just press the < Esc > key and continue with the
rest of the command. If you want to put a specific ASCII code number in the printer
command, put the number in brackets. For example, typing < 6 5 > would put ASCII code
65 in the command. When you are finished with the printer command, press ,
and it will be updated on the screen.








MERGE CALVES TO INVENTORY FILE

Use this option when you want the calves born to be added to the herd. The calves
will not be removed from the calf file when you do this. You may want to move these
calves to the inventory file a little earlier than normal so you can print Work Book reports
with these calves included. The system only moves those calves with a Survival of 1, 0, or
Blank.
When you press <2> from the Utilities Main Menu, you will see the familiar box:

I <-- blinking cursor
nter the name of the file to process.
(Hit F1 for a list of files)





You can enter the Calf file name here, or, as usual, get a list of possible files with
< Fl>. Once you have selected a file, the system will look on the Default Drive for a .INV
file with the same name. If it does not find one, it will ask:
File XXXX.INV does not exist. Create? (Y/N)

If you want to create a file with this name, press < Y >. If you press < Esc >, you will
return to the Utilities Main Menu. If you press , the system will ask:
Inventory Filename to Modify:

Type in the name of the .INV file to create or add to, and press < Enter >. If you
do not want to create or add to an Inventory file, press or < Enter > without typing
in a file name.

When the system is finished adding calves to the .INV file, you will see:
Done
Press any key to Continue

Once you see this message, press any key, and you will be returned to the Utilities
Main Menu.

Note: The system will not let you add the same calves more than once to an Inventory file.








CREATE NEXT YEAR'S INVENTORY


After you have created the reports for a given year, you will need to run this
option. It creates a new inventory file from this year's, with the following changes:

1. Any record with a Cull Reason between 1 and 69 will not be copied to the new file.
Records with a blank Cull Reason, or a Cull Reason greater than 69 will be copied.
(Cull Reasons greater than 69 are assumed to be location codes, or some other type
of information)

2. Fall Weight #5 becomes Fall Weight #1, and Weights 2-4 are erased.

3. The Service Sire and Pregnancy Status fields are erased.

4. Since the first two characters of the old file name were the current year,. the new
file adds 1 to this year for the new file name. For example, running this option on
the 86SR.INV would create the new file 87SR.INV, with the changes listed above.

It is important to remember that this option does not delete the current .INV file -
- it creates another one on the same disk.
If you want to run a Birth List report for this year, it is best to do it using last year's
.INV file, since last year's file contains all the culled cattle, and the Birth List report is
designed to list them on the second part of its report.
When you press <3> on the Utilities Main Menu, the "Enter the name of the file
to process" box will appear. If the .INV file for next year is present on the default drive,
you will see a message like this:
WARNING: C: \COW\DATA\87SR. INV already exists.
Overwrite? (Y/N)

If you want to overwrite this other version of the file, press , otherwise press
, and the operation will be cancelled.
Then you will see:

Enter New Fall Weight Date:

MM DD YY
_I_-_-




This will be the date in the Weight #1 Date field. Type in the date you want, press
, and the program will execute.








CREATE DAM FILE FROM CALVES

This option is used when you first set up the CowBase system for your herd. It
takes the calves you have entered into the .CLF file, and creates an .INV containing the
mothers of those calves. This saves you the trouble of having to enter the .INV information
yourself, and can save you quite a bit of time during the initial set-up.
When you press <4> from the Utilities Menu, you will see:
NOTE: This program creates an Inventory File containing the
Dams in the Calf File. If an Inventory File already
exists, it will be DELETED when this program is used.
Continue? (Y/N)

If you want to do this, press . You will then see the "Enter the name of the
file to process" box. Once you have filled in the file name, you may see a message like:
Herd Filename: 86BRU.CLF
File C:\COWBASE\DATA\86BRU.INV Exists -- Overwrite? (Y/N)

If you want to overwrite this other version of the file, press , otherwise press
, and the operation will be cancelled.
Once these questions have been answered, the file will be created.










APPENDIX A: USING SELECTION CRITERIA AND CUSTOM REPORTS



SELECTION CRITERIA

When you press to a Set Selection criteria (No Yes) question, you will see
one of these two screens, depending on the report:


I CALF FILE FIELD CODES I


A: Calf Year
B: Calf Num
C: Calf Brand
D: Calf Breed
E: Sex
F: Sire Year
G: Sire Num
H: Sire ID
I: Dam Year
J: Dam Num
K: Dam Brand


Dam Breed
Birth Date
Birth Weight
Birth Vigor
Birth Type
Survival/Reason
Wean Weight
Wean Date
Condition Score
Frame Score
Control


W: Dam Weight
X: Wean Height
Y: Herd Number
- Post Wean
1: Initial Date
2: Initial Weight
3: Final Date
4: Final Weight
5: Final Condition
6: Final Frame
7: Post Wean Control


INVENTORY FILE FIELD CODES


A: ID-Year
B: ID-Num
C: ID-Brand
D: ID-Breed
E: Sex
F: Sire-Year
G: Sire-Num
H: Sire-ID


Ser-Sire-Year
Ser-Sire-Num
Ser-Sire-ID
Date of Wt #01
Weight #01 (Fall.)
Weight #02 (Winter)
Weight #03 (Spring)
Weight #04 (Summer)
Weight #05 (Fall)


: Height
: Condition
: Frame
: Pregnancy
: Control
: Scrotal Size
: Cull Reason
: Herd Number


At the bottom of either screen, you will see:

Values to Select: I <-- blinking cursor

If you just hit < Enter > at this question, all the calves will be selected. Otherwise,
you can give a series of conditions that control which records will appear on the report.
To specify a field in the Values to Select question, just use the 1-character Field
Code, which is in front of the field name on the screens above. For Example, on the Calf
File Field Codes Screen, D is the code for Calf Breed, E is for Sex, R is Wean Weight, and








4 is Final Weight (there are not enough letters for the Calf File Fields, so numbers were
used as well). Similarly, for the Inventory File, J is Service Sire Year, Q is Weight #05,
and X is Cull Reason. Note: Do not type the colon (:) following the letter; CowBase will
not accept it.
Using these Field Codes, you can then specify the field to compare, the kind of
comparison to do, and the value to compare the field with. If the comparison is true for
a record, it is included in the report. If it is false, it is ignored.

Here is a list of all the types of comparisons you can use:
= equals
< does not equal
> greater than
< less than
>= greater than or equal to
.<= less than or equal to

If you wanted all the animals with a Sex code of 3, for instance, you would write
E= 3, where E is the Field Code for the Sex field, = is the type of comparison to do, and
3 is the value to compare. All the comparisons take this form:

E = 3
{ Field Code } { Comparison Type } { Value to compare }.

Say that you wanted to run a Wean List report for a calf file, but that you only
wanted the Angus calves on the report. Assume that you have coded all the Angus cattle
with an "AN" breed code. To run this report, just select Wean List, press at the
Selection Criteria question, and when the system displays the Calf File Fields screen, type

D=AN

at the Values to Select prompt. In this example, D is the Field Code for the Animal Breed
field, = is the type of comparison (equals) you want to make, and AN is the data you want
to match.
All the animals with a Breed of AN would print on the report; the rest would be ignored.

When you are making a comparison using a date field, like birth date or wean date,
treat the field like a 6-digit number with the two year digits first. For example, to list all
the animals born after August 1st, 1988 could be selected this way:
M>880801

You connect more than one comparison together with AND, OR, and the left and
right parenthesis, "(" and ")". An OR selects a record if EITHER of two conditions is true.
An AND selects a record only if BOTH conditions are true. Normally, statements on either
side of ANDs are evaluated first, then the ORs. You can use parenthesis () to force a
group of ORs to be evaluated ahead of the ANDs that surround them.








Examples:


"All the animals with a Sex of 5 and a Breed code of AN (Angus)":

E=5 AND D=AN

"All animals with a Breed of Angus (AN) or Brahman (BR) with a birthweight greater
than 70 pounds":

(D=AN OR D=BR) AND N>70

This one is a little complicated. You have to put the first part in parenthesis to
make sure that CowBase will group these two together. Since CowBase evaluates ANDs
before ORs, without the parenthesis above, the grouping would be:

D =AN
OR
D=BR AND N>70

Without the parenthesis this expression would not produce the result intended, since
it would include all the Angus cattle, regardless of their birth weight. Please note that
since you are using the > operator, instead of the > = operator, the animals with
birthweights EQUAL to 70 pounds would not be included in this report.

A special case arises when you want to look at fields with a blank value. Suppose
you wanted to list all the animals with a blank Cull Reason -- these would be the animals
that are actually in the herd at a given moment. The way CowBase stores blank values is
that it gives them a numeric value of -1. So, to list all the cows with a blank cull reason,
you would use:

X = -1

Similarly, to list all the animals with a Non-Blank Cull Reason, you could use:

X <> -1








OTHER EXAMPLES:


"All animals with Birth Weight greater than or equal to 75 pounds, and a Breed of Angus":
D = AN AND N > = 75

"All Calves that are NOT Breed Angus": D < > AN

"All Calves with a Blank Survival/Reason Code": Q = -1

"All Calves with a non-blank final Weight": 4 < > -1
(remember that the 4 here is the Field Code for Final Weight, not the number 4.)

"All Calves with a birthweight greater than or equal to 70 pounds and less than 90 pounds,
with a Dam Breed of Angus or Brahman and a non-blank Cull Reason":

N>=70 AND N<90 AND (L=AN OR L = BR) AND X<> -1

COMMON MISTAKES:
"All Calves with a Sex of 3 or 5": E = 3 OR 5

The proper way to code that is

E =3 OR E= 5

since CowBase is not smart enough to know that you "meant" to test the Sex field Equal
to 5 from just the 5 after the OR.

"All Brahman and Angus Calves": D = BR AND D = AN

Here, you are asking for all records which have a Breed of Brahman AND, at the SAME
TIME, a breed of Angus. No single animal can meet both conditions at the same time,
so no records would be selected. The correct way to phrase this is:

D = BR OR D =AN

"All Calves with a Sex of 1 or 3 and a blank Cull Reason":
E = 1 OR E = 3 AND X = -1

CowBase evaluates ANDs first, then ORs, so this expression would get evaluated
as:

(E = 1) OR (E=3 AND X=-1 )

This would print out all the Sex 1 calves, even if their Cull Reason was not blank.
The correct way to phrase this is to put parenthesis around the OR, like this:

(E = 1 OR E=3) AND X = -1








SELECTING ON PARTS OF FIELDS


If you like, you can just compare part of a field in a comparison -- this is quite
useful for the Variable Control field, where you may have several different values coded
in different parts of the field. The way to do this is to put the columns desired in square
brackets [] after the Field Code (like this: X[2]).
Suppose you had a Pasture Code in the third column of the Variable control field
(field code V). If you wanted to list all the animals with a Pasture Code of 1, just say:
V[3] = 1

where V is the Field Code, 3 is the column in the field code to examine, = is the
comparison operator, and 1 is the value to search for. The square brackets [] around the
3 tell CowBase that the 3 is a column number in the field before it (V in this case).
Now suppose you had a pelvic size measurement coded in columns 4-6 of Variable
Control, as well as the pasture code in column 3. If you wanted to list all the animals with
a pelvic measurement greater than 175 cm, you could specify it like this:

V[4-6] > 175

In summary, to look at one column in a field, just put the column number in square
brackets after the Field Code. If you want to look at more than one column, put the
starting and ending columns separated by a dash and surrounded by square brackets after
the Field Code.








CREATING CUSTOM REPORTS


By using the Custom Reports option, you can change the order of records in a
report, as well as the subtotals generated and the selection criteria.
When you press < C > at a Print (Standard Custom) XXX Report question, you will
see either the Calf or Inventory File Field Codes Screen, depending on which file the
report uses (see the SELECTION CRITERIA section above for pictures of the screens).
These screens give the fields and Field Codes to be used in this report. Unlike the
Selection Criteria, however, at the bottom of the screen, you will be asked:

Field Codes to sort by:

List the Field Codes to sort by, one after the other. For example, to sort by Animal
Year and Number, you would type AB in response to this question, since Animal
Year is Field Code A and Animal Number is Field Code B. The records are sorted first by
the first code you specify, then within these sorted groups by the second code, and so on.
For example, for a sorting sequence of AB, the animals are sorted by Year, and within each
group of the same year they are sorted by Number.
(An example of this multiple-field sort is a phone book -- the entries are sorted by
last name, and within last name are sorted by first name, as looking up someone with a
common name, like "Smith", will show you.)
If you wanted to sort a report first by sex, and then by animal year and number
within each sex, you would give the field codes as EAB. You can sort by any field on the
screen -- Field Code R would sort animals by Wean weight, for instance.
After you supply the fields to sort by, CowBase will ask you:

Break on Sorted Group:

All reports will produce either an average breakdown or a simple "number of
animals =" subtotal. This question lets you specify when you want those sub-totals to
display, by allowing you to specify the group to break down on. For example, suppose you
wanted a report:

Sorted by Sex
Within a Sex, sorted by Animal Year and Number
With averages broken down for each Sex.

When you were asked for Field Codes to sort by, you would type EAB , which
are the Field Codes for Sex(E), Animal Year(A), and Animal Number(B). Here are some
data sorted in this fashion:








Sex Year Number
1 87 0002
1 87 0004
1 88 0003
3 86 0008
3 87 0001
3 88 0005
5 87 0003
5 88 0001
5 88 0009
*TOTAL/AVERAGE*


{this line would be averages or a number of animals
count for the entire list }


What you would like to do is have it produce a sub-total every time the sex changes,
like this:

Sex Year Number
1 87 0002
1 87 0004
1 88 0003
*SUB-TOTAL/AVERAGE* { for sex 1 }

3 86 0008
3 87 0001
3 88 0005
*SUB-TOTAL/AVERAGE* { for sex 3 }

5 87 0003
5 88 0001
5 88 0009
*SUB-TOTAL/AVERAGE* { for sex 5 }

*TOTAL/AVERAGE* { for all sexes combined }


To do this, you would tell CowBase:


Break on Sorted Group:


E


The Group you produce breakdowns on must always be the starting part of the
sorting sequence, without any fields being skipped. For example, if the sorting sequence
is EABCD, you could break on E, EA, EAB, EABC, or EABCD. No other patterns would
be allowed.








USING PARTS OF FIELDS


Like the Selection Criteria, you can sort and break on part of a field. To do this,
you use square brackets [] the same way you use them in Selection Criteria.
For example, say you had a Pasture Code in column three of the Variable Control
Field (Field Code V). To put out a report by Pasture Code, Animal Year and Number,
you would use a sorting sequence of V[3]AB. If you wanted breakdowns by Pasture, you
would specify V[3] at the Break on Sorted Group question. You could also specify a range
of columns in a sorting sequence (like V[44-]) as in Selection Criteria.

OTHER ASPECTS OF CUSTOM REPORTS

After you have been asked the two questions,
Field Codes to Sort By:
Break on Sorted Group:

you will be asked:
Values to Select:

just as if you had asked for Selection Criteria. You can enter a list of comparisons to
select by, or just press to select all the records for this report.
Usually, after you answer the Values to Select question, CowBase will have enough
information to print the report. For Reports that produce averages, rather than the simple
number of animals count, CowBase will need more information.

On some reports, you will be asked:
Display Data Lines (Yes No)
Display Grand Total (Yes No)

If you are breaking on a sorted group, you may wish to print out the averages for
that group without actually printing the data lines themselves. To do this, press at
the Display Data Lines prompt.

If you do not want a Grand total on your report, just press here, and it will
not be displayed.

After you have answered these questions, the report you have selected will print.








APPENDIX B: SUGGESTED AND REQUIRED CODES

Note: REQUIRED codes must be used to fill in these fields, suggested codes can be used,
or you can create your own.

Suggested Breed Codes:


Angus
Brahman
Brangus
Charolais
Limousin
Hereford
Beefmaster
Simmental
Santa Gertudis


Unspecified breeding
Galloway
Maine-Anjou
Chianina
Blonde d'Aquitaine
Hays Converter
Fleckvieh-Gelbvieh
Murray Grey
Beef-Dairy Cross
Beef Brown Swiss


If an animal is alive (Survival Code 1 or 2), put in a reason code of 0 or just leave
reason code blank.

REQUIRED Survival Codes:

1 Survival to Weaning, raised on dam
2 Survival to Weaning, not raised on dam, sick, or incomplete data
3 Stillborn, or calf died on delivery
4 Died before three days
5 -- Died after three days
6 -- Cow sold pregnant or had calf but not paired, cow accounted for as pregnant but not
counted in calf survival, or incomplete information
7 -- Pregnant cow died
8 -- Aborted
9 Cow open

Suggested Reason for Death Codes:


No Death 7 --
Calf born weak and failed to nurse 8 --
Calf abandoned by dam or dam had no milk 9 --
Dystocia, difficult birth
Respiratory disease
Blackleg or related disease
Lightning


Accidental death
Unused
Unknown cause of death








REQUIRED Cull reasons:

1 Open
2 Relative value (production)
3 Age
4 Condition
5 Cancer eye
6 Bad eye
7 Crippled disease
8 Crippled accident
9 -- Disease general
10 Venereal disease
11 Aborted
12 Calving problems
13 Calf died (lost calf)
14 Would not accept calf
15 Calf hasheritable defect
16 Died accident


17 Died disease
18 Died age
19 Died calving
20 Lost, stolen
21 Size/Conformation
22 Died unknown cause
23 Heritable defect in cow
24 Transferred elsewhere
25 Completed usefulness
26 Temperament
27 Freemartin
28 Sold by mistake
29 Sold out of season calf
30 Production of Dam
31 Suckles other cows
32 Teeth
50 Loaned animal returned


Note: Cull Reasons greater than 69 can be used as location codes. Records with a Cull
Reason greater than 69 will not be removed from the herd at the end of the year.

Suggested Calving Difficulty Codes
(column 7 of Calf file variable control)

1 No assistance
2 -- Minor Hand assistance required (less than 10 minutes)
3 Moderate hand assistance required or calf puller required (greater than 10 minutes
and less than 30 minutes)
4 -- Major Assistance using calf puller (greater than 30 minutes)
5 Cesarean
6 -- Abnormal presentation (breech, head or leg back, and so forth)


Vigor Codes:
0 Stillborn
1 Normal birth


Type of Birth Codes:
1 One Calf
2 Twins








APPENDIX C: FORMULAS USED IN CALCULATIONS

Formulas used by the Wean Data report:

The following values are taken from the Adjustment Values files
(FBCIA.TBL and BIF.TBL)

Adjustments for Age of Dam and Sex
Price values for each Condition Score
Default Male and Female Birth Weights
Heritability of Wean Weight factor
Heritability of Grade factor

Note: If no condition score is entered, a default of 9 is assumed. If no birth weights are
entered, default birthweights from the Adjustments Values file are used.

205 day wt adjusted for age of dam and sex
Weight Ratio = ---------------------------
Avg. adjusted 205 day wt. for sex

Price (based on condition score)
Price Ratio ------------------------------------%
Average price for sex

Index = 100 + (Weight Ratio 100) X Wean Wt heritability X 100
+ (Price Ratio 100) X Grade Heritability

Wean Wt Birth Wt
205 day weight = 205 ------------------------- + Birth Wt
Age of Calf (in days)

205 day wt adjusted for age of dam and sex
Calf wt/1000 = ---------------------------------------------
Dam weight

Number of records (# with survival=9)
Pregnancy Rate (P) =-----------------------------
Number of records (# with survival=6 or 9)

(# calves with survival=1 or 2)
Survival Rate (S) =----------------------------------------
(Number records (# with survival 6 or 9)

Wean Rate (W) = Survival rate Pregnancy Rate









Formulas used by the Post Wean Report:


Days on Test -



Average Daily Gain =
(ADG)


Standard weight =
(365,440,550 WT)


Final Date Initial Date


(Final Weight Initial Weight)
Days on Test
Days on Test


365
Final Weight + (440 Age at final wt) X ADG
550


Standard Wt
Final Weight Ratio =-----------------------------
Avg. Standard Wt for Group


Standard Wt Final Condition Score
Post Wean Index = ------------------------------------------ X 100
Group Average Std. Wt Fin. Cond. Score


Gain Ratio


ADG of Individual
= --------------------- X 100
Group Average ADG











APPENDIX D: SAMPLE REPORTS


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE

74 117 01 09 5 024301

74 122 01 00 5 024301

74 134 01 00 5 007101

74 295 01 00 5

75 7 01 00 5 71021001

75 69 01 09 5 100001

75 233 01 00 5

76 34 01 00 5 72002201

76 52 01 09 5 72002201

76 106 01 00 5

76 124 01 00 5 73005301


76 129 01 08 5 73002201

76 177 01 09 5 72013301


77 14 17 44 5

77 61 01 00 5

77 72 01 00 5

77 75 71 44 5

77 92 01 00 5

77 99 71 44 5

77 124 71 44 5

77 134 71 44 5

77 177 71 44 5

78 8 17 44 5

78 39 01 00 5

78 50 01 09 5

78 51 71 44 5

78 66 71 45 5

78 72 71 45 5

SAMPLE RANCH


SERVE. SIRE


CONTROL WT 1 UT 2


WT 3 WT 4 WT 5 CD FR P CULL REA


1 1032


900101


73002001

74008007

73002001

74008007

72005207

72006407

72005207

75001601

75001601

75001601

07

71


71


S1

11



2 1 2

2 1 2

2 1 2
1

11



2 12
1








2 1 2
4

1 1 2


4
112

4








2 1 2
4









1 1 2
4

5


1986 WORK BOOK


0996

0966

0938

0918

1002

0878

1044

1182

0920

1094

0992

0844

1120


1096

1078

1112

0974

1104

1070

1080

1120

1054

0928

1198

0974

1004


0

1

1

1



0

1

1


1

1



0

1


1










1__

1


PAGE 1












MOOAYR BUT V T SR UNUT CD FR 1234567 REMARKS P


007uu


710211

100I

72002

720022


730022

72013"


730021

730021

75001

75001


1U1


74 134 0100 1 1


74 295 0100 2 1

001 75 7 0100 2 1

001 75 69 0109 1 1

201 76 34 0100 1 1

201 76 52 0109 2 1

76 106 0100 2 1

201 76 129 0108 2 1

301 76 177 0109 1 1

77 61 0100 2 1

001 77 72 0100 2 1

001 77 92 0100 1 1

601 78 39 0100 2 1

601 78 50 0109 1 1

01 78 80 0109 2 1

78 187 0100 1 1

01 79 13 0100 1 1

01 79 21 0109 1 1

01 79 77 0109 2 1

01 79 201 0108 2 1

01 79 229 0100 1 1

01 80 15 0100 1 1

01 80 27 0100 1 1

01 80 901 0100 2 1

01 80 904 0100 1 1

01 80 913 0100 1 1

01 80 915 0100 2 1

01 80 920 0100 2 1


SAMPLE RANCH


AAimA


0

I 1

1 1

p 1

0

p 1

I 1

p 1

p 1

0

2 1

p 1

2 1

2 1

2 1

2 1

2 1

2 1

p 1

2 1

2 1

2 1

2 1

2 1
2 __ 1

2 __1__1

2 1____1

2 __1

PAGE 1


1986 BIRTH LIST


YR NO. BA BE S SIRE DAM












MODAYR BUT V T SR UNUT CO FR 1234567 REMARKS


86 0001 45 42 5


86 0002

86 0003

86 0004

86 0005

86 0006

86 0007

86 0009

86 0010

86 0011

86 0013


86 0019 62

86 0021 01

86 0022 01

86 0023 01

86 0024 82

86 0025 35

86 0026 85

86 0027 92

86 0028 01

86 0029 47

86 0030 01

86 0031 01

86 0032 01

86 0033 01


00 5

00 3

00 3

00 3

00 5

00 3

00 5

00 3

00 5

00 3

09 5

00 3

09 5

42 5

00 3

00 3

00 3

42 5

42 3

42 3

42 3

00 3


9045 04

9038 01

9035 01

9034 01

9036 01

9038 01

9037 01

9038 01

9035 01

9037 01

9036 01

9037 01

9034 01

9037 01

06

01

9036 01

01

9050 08

9043 03

9050 08

9022 09

01

83 0157 04

9035 01

9038 01

9036 01

01


81 0087 57

81 0153 01

80 0904 01

76 0034 01

81 0171 01

75 0007 01

80 0901 01

75 0007 01

80 0015 01

74 0295 01

80 0920 01

75 0069 01

80 0915 01

79 0077 01


0006 21

0197 Q1

0913 01

0339 01

0117 21

0007 51

0153 57

0098 21

0053 01

0093 71

0177 01

0197 01

0013 01

0139 01


42 120385 036 0

00 121185 044 1

00 122085 070 1

00 122685 074 1

00 122785 054 1

00 122885 042 1

00 122885 052 1

00 122985 035 1

00 122985 050 1

00 122985 054 1

00 123085 074 1

09 123185 048 1

00 010186 084 1

09 010286 050 1

44 010286 050 1

00 010386 060 1

00 010486 078 1

00 010486 050 1

44 010486 076 1

44 010486 074 1

42 010586 060 1

44 010586 082 1

00 010586 054 1

45 010686 100 1

09 010686 060 1

00 010686 062 1

00 010686 080 1


1
1
1

1
1

1

6
1

1

1

1

1


00 010786 050 1 1 1


1986 WEAN LIST


1 1

PAGE 1


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE


SAMPLE RANCH










WEAN DATA BY SEX AND ANIMAL NUMBER


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE
865208 32 42 3 80
865209 65 42 3
86 210 85 42 3 81
865216 97 42 3 83
86 221 65 42 3
865222 97 42 3 83
865227 97 42 3 83
865228 65 42 3
86 230 82 42 3 81
86 231 65 42 3
86 233 82 42 3 81
86 234 45 42 3 83


BIRTH WEI
DAM MODAYR SR
960 03 81 134 27 42 22486 1
06 84 5044 57 42 22486 1
607 08 83 123 57 42 22586 5
310 09 77 14 17 44 3 186 1
06 84 99 57 42 3 986 1
310 09 77 75 71 44 3 9861
310 09 77 99 71 44 312865
06 84 5074 51 44 31286 1
607 08 83 61 21 44 31686 1
06 84 66 51 44 31886 1
607 08 83 64 27 42 32186 1
156 04 81 225 57 42 32186 1


AN 205 SIR UT SCORE CONTROL IN-
UT AGE WT WT RTO CD FR 1234567 DEX
498 185 545 60 97 10 3 6 1 98
426 185 467 50 96 9 3 9 1 95
0 0 72 0 9 1 0
552 180 616 93 110 9 3 4 1 109
508 172 589 86 121 9 3 9 1 120
490 172 568 84 101 9 3 4 1 101
0 0 82 0 4 1 0
400 169 470 70 96 7 3 8 1 92
426 165 515 58 101 10 2 3 1 102
314 163 378 64 77 7 2 8 1 74
516 160 641 72 126 10 3 6 1 127
414 160 513 62 91 8 2 9 1 89


CALF AV FOR SEX=3 NN ND N1 P S W
107 107 102 100 96 96


542 214 524 79 98 9 3


86 1 45 425
86 2 01 05
86 6 01 05
86 9 01 05
86 11 01 05
86 14 01 9 5
86 16 01 9 5
865018 01 0 5
86 19 62 42 5
86 24 82 42 5
86 30 01 9 5
86 34 01 05
86 35 01 05
86 36 85 42 5
86 40 35 42 5
86 42 85 42 5
86 43 95 42 5
865045 65 42 5
86 46 92 42 5
86 48 01 0 5
86 50 47 42 5
86 51 42 42 5
86 56 42 42 5
86 57 92 42 5
86 59 62 42 5
86 64 45 42 5
86 67 65 425
86 68 27 42 5
86 70 97 425
865073 62 42 5
86 75 97 42 5
86 76 97 42 5
86 79 92 42 5
865081 35 42 5
865083 47 42 5
86 84 97 42 5
86 85 27 42 5
86 88 27 42 5
86 89 27 42 5

SAMPLE RANCH


9045 04 81 87 57 42
9038 01 81 153 01 0
9038 01 75 7 01 0
9038 01 75 7 01 0
9037 01 74 295 01 0
9037 01 75 69 01 9
9037 01 79 77 01 9
9038 01 78 39 01 0
06 84 6 21 44
9050 08 81 117 21 44
9035 01 76 177 01 9
01 79 229 01 0
01 78 187 01 0
9051 08 82 69 51 44
9044 03 82 88 57 42
9050 08 81 232 57 42
9040 09 81 141 57 42
06 84 5128 57 42
82 102 09 82 71 27 42
9035 01 74 134 01 0
83 157 04 81 136 17 44
9046 04 81 71 21 44
9045 04 81 56 27 42
9025 09 81 139 21 44
06 84 1 21 44
9046 04 82 60 51 44
06 84 186 57 42
02 78 51 71 44
82 102 09 81 195 17 44
06 84 5053 21 44
82 102 09 81 148 71 45
82 102 09 79 143 71 45
9040 09 83 122 27 42
9043 03 82 5164 51 44
83 157 04 78 8 17 44
82 102 09 78 66 71 45
02 81 157 17 44
02 81 143 71 45
02 81 50 71 44


1986 WEAN DATA


WT/
1000
528
554
0
564
544
531
0
505
551
423
626
492


0 97 531


12 385 8
121185 1
122885 1
122985 2
122985 1
123185 1
1 286 1
1 286 1
1 286 1
1486 1
1686 1
17861
17861
17861
19861
1 986 1
11086 1
11286 1
11286 1
11286 1
11286 1
11286 1
11386 1
11386 1
11386 1
11586 1
11686 1
11686 1
11786 1
11886 1
11886 1
11886 1
11886 1
11886 1
11986 1
11986 1
11986 1
12086 1
12086 1


0 0
440 260 356
414 243 356
0 0
532 242 459
536 240 465
494 238 432
552 238 486
510 238 446
548 236 486
502 234 447
494 233 442
478 233 427
486 233 436
518 231 468
424 231 388
684 230 619
492 228 450
636 228 577
496 228 452
606 228 553
586 228 536
630 227 578
476 227 437
492 227 450
566 225 523
526 224 486
660 224 610
544 223 506
500 222 467
518 222 485
580 222 543
522 222 487
508 222 476
602 221 563
540 221 506
596 221 560
578 220 544
538 220 507


36 0
44 69 10
42 72 12
35 0
54 93 13
48 94 11
50 83 10
78 94 10
50 99 10
76 94 10
60 86 9
60 85 10
54 82 10
70 88 9
72 94 9
100 75 7
82 119 9
72 99 9
52 116 10
62 91 10
78 106 9
88 103 11
90 111 9
74 84 9
60 100 10
80 106 10
60 108 12
74 117 12
70 97 9
74 103 12
90 93 8
96 104 9
70 103 10
84 96 9
61 108 9
65 97 8
98 108 11
82 105 10
86 98 11


Page 3











WEAN DATA BY SEX AND SIRE NUMBER


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE

SIRE AV FOR SEX'5
904704


SIRE AV FOR SEX=3
904908


SIRE AV FOR SEX=3
905008


SIRE AV FOR SEX05
905008


SIRE AV FOR SEX=5
905108


SIRE AV FOR SEX=5
905202


SIRE AV FOR SEX'3
905302


SIRE AV FOR SEX=3
80096003


SIRE AV FOR SEX=5
80096003


SIRE AV FOR SEX'3
81060708


SIRE AV FOR SEX=5
81060708


SIRE AV FOR SEX'1
82010209


SIRE AV FOR SEX=3
82010209


BIRTH WEAN
MODAYR SR UT AGE


NN ND N1 P S W
1 1 1 100 100 100


NN NO N1 P S U
1 1 1 100 100 100


NN NO N1 P S W
1 1 1 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S U
2 2 2 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S W
1 1 1 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S W
1 1 1 100 100 100


NN NO N1 P S W
1 1 1 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S W
2 2 2 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S U
5 5 5 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S W
5 5 4 100 80 80


NN ND N1 P S W
3 3 3 100 100 100


NN ND N1 P S W
1 1 0 100 0 0


NN ND N1 P S W
10 10 9 100 90 90


205 BIR UT SCORE CONTROL IN- WT/
UT WT RTO CD FR 1234567 DEX 1000


500 219 474



652 223 605


556 235 493


486 233 437


486 233 436



562 210 551


590 213 571


474 188 510


469 193 494


475 177 543



458 180 513



0 0 0


566 207 561


1986 WEAN DATA


Page 11


SAMPLE RANCH










WEAN DATA BY SIRE NUMBER


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE

SIRE AV ALL SEXES
904303


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
904403


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
904504


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
904604


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
904704


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
904908


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
905008


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
905108


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
905202


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
905302


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
80096003


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
81060708


SIRE AV ALL SEXES
82010209


BIRTH WEAN 205 BIR UT SCORE CONTROL IN- WT/
MODAYR SR UT AGE UT UT RTO CO FR 1234567 DEX 1000


N1 P S W
5 100 100 100 506 223 474 78 90 9


N1 P S U
5 100 83 83


N1 P S U
4 100 80 80


N1 P S U
3 100 75 75


N1 P S W
1 100 100 100


N1 P S U
1 100 100 100


N1 P S U
3 100 100 100


N1 P S W
1 100 100 100


N1 P S W
1 100 100 100


N1 P S W
1 100 100 100


N1 P S W
7 100 100 100


N1 P S U
7 100 88 88


N1 P S W
19 105 90 95


564 223 525 108 100 10


535 213 517


571 224 529



500 219 474



652 223 605



509 234 455



486 233 436



562 210 551



590 213 571



471 192 498



468 179 530



550 211 537


89 107 9



106 104 11



90 96 10



70 113 8



79 87 9



70 88 9



82 106 11



84 102 9



72 101 9



83 104 10



83 103 9


0 90



0 100



0 107


0 107



0 97



0 110



0 86



0 87



0 110



0 101



0 101



0 105



0 102


1986 WEAN DATA


Page 15


SAMPLE RANCH








SAMPLE RANCH
Wean Summary
1986


Number of Females in Herd:
Number of Cows Exposed
To Breeding in 1985:
Number of Cows Culled:
Number of Cows Died:

Average Cow Age:
Length of Calving Season:
%


Total Pounds Weaned:
*Pounds Calf Weaned Per
Cow exposed in 1985:


176


Number of Calves Weaned:


Average Weaning Age:
263 Average Weaning Weight:
99 Average 205 Day Weight:
5 Average ADG:


4.2 Years
123 Days


% Calves weaned of
Females currently in

*Cows exposed in 1985:


208
212 Days
525 lbs
561 lbs
2.13 lbs


herd: 118.2

79.1 %


109278 lbs

415.5 ibs


*These are the most important figures
used to determine herd productivity

NOTE: Tables below include survival 1 calves only

Averages by Age of Dam:


% Weaning Wt.


Count

43
35
31
30
16
23
13
8
5
2
2


487
499
531
527
592
561
550
539
553
475
514


Adj. 205-day Wt.

586
588
555
526
569
551
545
549
557
465
516


Averages by 3-Week Calving Period:


Period Count


------Age of Dam--- -
2 3 4 5-10 11+


0 0
0 0
9 19
8 6
15 6
3 0


Adj 205
WeanWt. day Wt.


440
538
554
531
476
441


385
491
552
581
580
584


Age

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12


ADG

2.07
2.14
2.11
2.08
2.30
2.21
2.14
2.29
2.25
1.78
1.94


ADG


1.52
1.98
2.13
2.19
2.12
2.20









SAMPLE RANCH
Wean Summary
1986


Averages by Treatment Code:


Weaning Wt.

531
498
574
555
523
488
507


Adj. 205-day Wt.

505
560
580
560
587
563
576


77


Code

1
3
4
5
6
8
9


Count

37
22
29
21
40
24
35


ADG

2.05
2.06
2.32
2.17
2.17
2.05
2.10













AN.NO.
850110
850116
850117
855120
850124
850135
850144
850145
850150
850152
855159
855160
850164
855168
850176
850180
850183
850188
850191
850193
850200
850207
850211
850213


BA BE S SIRE
21 44 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
21 44 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
21 44 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
27 42 5
21 44 5
27 42 5
21 44 5
27 42 5
21 44 5
21 44 5
27 42 5
21 44 5
27 42 5
27 42 5


ID SRV
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02
02


TOTAL NO. ANIMALS 299 NO.HEIFERS=280


AVCOND
0
8
8
6
6
6
8
7


AVFRAME. PALP %
0 0%
0 86%
0 83%
0 0%
0 %OX
0 89%
0 88%
0 86%


NO. ANIMALS=19
NO. ANIMALS=43
NO. ANIMALS=39
NO. ANIMALS=32
NO. ANIMALS=24
NO. ANIMALS=72
NO. ANIMALS=28
NO. ANIMALS=42


1986 WEIGHT DATA SUMMARY -- 85 HEIFERS


ID DATEWT1
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885
082885


UT1 UT2
0532 0752
0636 0830
0620 0812
0618 0816
0564 0708
0504 0688
0558 0740
0538 0802
0526 0678
0552 0734
0530 0762
0508 0686
0586 0772
0580 0836
0414 0614
0586 0808
0510 0722
0514 0654
0452 0662
0424 0576
0606 0754
0494 0744
0514 0690
0512 0716
974 977


UT3 UT4 UT5 HGT
0870 0976 1270
0966 1046 1345
0948 1038 1300
0934 1034 1355
0852 0964 1305
0788 0846 1285
0848 0932 1295
0892 0968 1265
0808 0910 1320
0872 0946 1330
0844 0918 1280
0842 0922 1290
0906 0998 1335
0988 1076 1420
0762 0872 1245
0920 1006 1370
0890 0968 1280
0792 0868 1270
0816 0922 1315
0718 0800 1245
0910 1018 1400
0896 0988 1305
0830 0890 1340
0902 1000 1410
938 1007 1043 1300


CD FR PREG CONTROL
1 639
1 668
1 669
1 663
1 664
1 668
1 669
1 633
1 663
1 664
1 634
1 668
1 669
0 66
0 63
1 66 3
1 63 8
0 66
1 63 9
1 63 3
0 66
0 63
0 66
1 66 4
7 0 87%


AVERAGES---


CONTROL 3

1
3
4
5
6
8
9


AVWTI
1529
1005
842
1081
1065
831
980
1017


AVWT2
0
999
920
1058
1054
905
987
1027


AVWT3
0
861
920
1006
1000
947
938
928


AVWT4
0
1018
959
1046
1040
977
1026
1031


AVWT5
1573
1050
995
1074
1066
1007
1036
1035


AVHGT
0
1211
1293
1297
1294
1339
1295
1333


SAMPLE RANCH


PAGE 6













DAN B DATE U205 IND INDATE INUT FNDATE FNWT CD FR CONTROL


871678 00 01

871760 00 01

871818 00 01

871864 00 01

871945 00 01

871988 00 01

871995 00 01

872207 00 01

872257 00 01

872328 00 01

872334 00 01

872350 00 01

872375 00 01

872429 00 01

872433 00 01

872441 00 01

872455 00 01

872500 00 01

872510 00 01

872512 00 01

872513 00 01

872516 00 01

872524 00 01

872525 00 01

871132 00 01

871230 00 01

871648 00 01


SAMPLE RANCH


1 8090090R 761678 0001 020187

1 809009DR 771760 0001 012687

1 8090090R 771818 0001 011587

1 8090090R 781864 0001 011987

1 809009DR 791945 0001 013087

1 8390101D 791988 0001 020787

1 809009DR 791995 0001 123086

1 831881PP 812207 0001 013087

1 831881PP 822257 0001 013087

1 8390101D 822328 0001 020187

1 9990PP 832334 0001 011487

1 831881PP 832350 0001 020987

1 809009DR 832375 0001 011987

1 779002PT 842429 0001 011787

1 831881PP 842433 0001 012887

1 831881PP 842441 0001 030387

1 839010ID 842455 0001 021087

1 820233RR 852500 0001 122686

1 780106TR 852510 0001 010687

1 820233RR 852512 0001 012287

1 780106TR 852513 0001 011487

1 851881 852516 0001 010687

1 851881 852524 0001 012287

1 820233RR 852525 0001 010287

3 841881 721132 0001 032987

3 831881PP 731230 0001 021787

3 800112RT 761648 0001 031287


1987 POST WEAN LIST


654 109 080687

668 106 080687

620 97 080687

626 102 080687

681 111 080687

531 80 080687

622 95 080687

604 96 080687

604 95 080687

594 91 080687

583 98 080687

634 106 080687

631 104 080687

641 112 080687

604 106 080687

602 104 080687

614 104 080687

603 112 080687

539 102 080687

494 90 080687

527 98 080687

491 95 080687

546 104 080687

540 100 080687

466 90 090887

516 88 080687

526 104 090887


0600

0630

0615

0610

0630

0475

0660

0560

0560

0545

0580

0560

0615

0630

0565

0475

0540

0650

0555

0475

0525

0505

0525

0565

0385

0440

0470


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE


PAGE 1











POST WEAN -- BY SEX AND ANIMAL NUMBER


ANIMAL
87 8 00
87 10 00
87 12 00
87 27 00
87 30 00
87 31 00
87 36 00
87 42 00
87 48 00
87 51 00
87 52 00
87 53 00
87 54 00
87 56 00
87 59 00
87 60 00
87 62 00
87 66 00
87 72 00
87 73 00
87 75 00
87 87 00
87 89 00
87 90 00
87 94 00
87 97 00
87 104 00
87 105 00
87 126 00
87 133 00
87 134 00
87 136 00
87 138 00
87 149 00
87 159 00
87 160 00
87 164 00
87 166 00
87 170 00
87 175 00
87 188 00
87 189 00
87 190 00
87 192 00
87 195 00


5 82 43
5 82 43
5 84 42
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5 82 43
5
5
5 83 33
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

583 33


5 82 43
5
5
5
5 80 239
5
5
5
5
5


440 440 FINAL POST WEAN IN-


205 IN-
DAM WT DEX
85 5100 457 99
80 3100 553 109
85 15800 462 101
84 7800 551 117
84 400 491 102
84 1700 466 97
81 4700 513 99
81 5700 551 98
81 7200 553 97
79 4400 542 105
76 19600 521 104
76 33100 526 105
79 800 489 91
79 1400 575 109
81 1900 543 105
79 3300 618 121
80 4100 519 100
78 2100 571 110
84 12100 544 116
80 900 512 95
81 11300 581 112
84 3000 496 103
81 5300 544 107
82 1700 558 108
81 2600 542 103
79 2500 554 105
79 8200 550 104
81 1100 549 104
78 14100 570 100
81 3700 512 97
81 4100 565 107
84 4800 492 103
79 1800 563 107
85 11700 538 117
84 5900 496 103
84 4100 552 117
83 6500 549 111
78 9900 559 108
83 2500 571 116
74 18100 568 115
80 6800 599 113
80 2100 594 112
75 7100 567 113
84 11200 554 113
80 10800 577 111


FIN DAY GN
WT AGE TST ADG RTO
755 438 157 0.99 102
830 431 157 0.73 75
780 434 157 1.15 118
860 419 157 1.11 114
720 420 157 0.70 72
705 421 157 0.80 82
810 421 157 1.08 111
830 417 157 0.96 99
810 418 157 0.80 82
805 424 157 0.76 78
860 416 157 1.40 144
800 418 157 0.96 99
760 416 157 1.02 105
850 423 157 0.80 82
880 430 157 1.15 118
980 417 157 1.37 141
750 417 157 0.70 72
900 423 157 1.15 118
820 412 157 1.02 105
735 412 157 0.73 75
830 414 157 0.76 78
755 412 157 0.99 102
785 410 157 0.83 85
880 413 157 1.27 131
830 411 157 1.11 114
790 413 157 0.73 75
815 413 157 0.92 95
820 416 157 0.92 95
850 405 157 1.11 114
760 396 157 1.11 114
770 393 157 0.83 85
740 390 157 1.21 124
860 390 157 1.46 150
750 398 157 0.83 85
720 388 157 1.08 111
760 391 157 0.89 92
785 388 157 1.11 114
750 398 157 0.67 69
800 384 157 1.11 114
820 398 157 1.05 108
735 378 157 0.61 63
840 384 157 1.21 124
780 388 157 0.96 99
720 371 157 0.92 95
840 424 157 0.70 72


NUMBER = 45 AVERAGES=

POST WEAN CONTROL AVERAGES:
COLUMNS 1-3: 206


541 106 801 409 157 0.97 100 831 100 0 12


1987 POST WEAN DATA


WT RTO CO
757 91 0
837 101 0
787 95 0
883 106 0
734 88 0
720 87 0
831 100 0
852 102 0
828 100 0
817 98 0
894 108 0
821 99 0
784 94 0
864 104 0
891 107 0
1011 122 0
766 92 0
919 111 0
849 102 0
756 91 0
850 102 0
783 94 0
810 97 0
914 110 0
862 104 0
810 97 0
840 101 0
842 101 0
889 107 0
809 97 0
809 97 0
801 96 0
933 112 0
785 94 0
776 93 0
804 97 0
843 101 0
778 94 0
862 104 0
864 104 0
773 93 0
908 109 0
830 100 0
784 94 0
851 102 0


FR CONTROL
12 180
13 234
13 221
14 221
10 192
10 184
13 176
13 221
13 224
12 252
13 204
13 195
12 234
13 228
13 202
14 243
11 192
14 221
13 245
11 204
14 215
11 176
12 176
14 221
13 215
11 204
13 221
14 221
12 238
12 186
13 221
11 204
13 204
12 160
11 204
12 221
12 163
13 186
12 221
13 196
11 192
13 192
12 208
11 180
13 216


PAGE 1


SAMPLE RANCH










APPENDIX E: LIFETIME REPORTS


When you send yearly wean and herd data to the FBCIA, you can receive these
reports. Normally the Cow Production and Culling List report are sent the Sire Lifetime
Averages program will be sent if you request it.


ANIMAL NO. S SIRE DAN
79 21 01 9 5 0 0 01 73
80 45 71 265 0 0 17 73
81 162 71 44 1 0 0 07 73
82 5 01 05 0 0 01 73
83 215 51 445 0 0 05 73
84 183 21 445 0 0 73
85 145 21 44 5 0 0 02 73
869996 01 0 09036 01 73


DAM 73002101 LIFE AVONN
AV CLV INT 370 8


BIRTH WE
MODAYR SR
21 01 9 1 579 10
21 01 9 11580 10
21 01 9 2 981 10
21 01 9 1 582 10
21 01 9 21883 10
21 01 9 21784 10
21 01 9 2 185 10
21 01 9 60


ND N1 P S W
8 7 100 100 100


W 205 BIR UT SCORE CONTROL IN-
UT AGE UT UT RTO CD FR 1234567 DEX
452 231 408 58 86 11 2 0101021 89
488 231 440 64 95 11 3 5301021 98
600 204 603 85 101 9 3 0701221 99
516 240 451 70 88 12 1 0101001 91
412 195 431 50 83 9 2 0501001 82
538 196 559 90 111 9 3 4201001 111
538 209 529 70 104 11 2 0201001 106
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0001000 0


506 215 489 61 95 10 2


0 97 541


82 115 01 9 5
83 90 51 44 3
83 91 51 44 5
84 137 51 44 3
85 107 21 44 5
869999 21 44


DANM 73005001 LIFE AV=NN
AV CLV INT 363 6


ND N1 P S W
5 4 100 100 100


531 216 507 61 95 10 3


81 197 21 44 3 0 0 02 73
82 47 21 44 3 0 0 02 73
83 44 51 44 3 80 24 05 73
84 4851 445 0 0 73
85 6981 44 3 09030 08 73
869996 21 44 09028 02 73


DAM 73015001 LIFE AVONN ND
AV CLV INT a 358 6 6


N1 P S W
5 100 100 100


534 220 502 73 91 9 3


80 4 01 0 5 0 0 01 74 117 01 9 123079 10
81 117 21 44 5 0 0 02 74 117 01 9 13081 10
82 186 21 44 5 76 408 02 74 117 01 9 22882 10
83 97 51 44 5 80 24 05 74 117 01 9 12383 10
84 31 21 44 3 0 0 74 117 01 9 11584 10
85 11 81 44 5 09031 08 74 117 01 9 1 485 10
869996 01 0 09034 01 74 117 01 9 60


DAM 74011701 LIFE AV=NN
AV CLV INT = 366 7


ND N1 P S W
7 6 100 100 100


552 222 518 69 100 11 3


79 54 01 05
80 162 01 0 5
81 203 71 44 3
82 36 51 44 5
83 85 51 44 5
84 39 51 44 3
85 23 21 44 3
869998 21 44


0 01 74 122 01 0
0 01 74 122 01 0
0 07 74 122 01 0
0 05 74 122 01 0
24 05 74 122 01 0
0 74 122 01 0
0 02 74 122 01 0
0 02 74 122 01 0


11279 10
2 380 10
21881 10
11882 10
12283 10
11684 10
11085 10
80


416 224 386
360 212 350
524 195 547
610 227 557
524 222 491
626 228 571
580 231 524
0 0 0


62 82 10
68 76 9
80 95 9
68 109 13
90 94 11
80 101 10
80 95 9
0 0 0


3 0101031 83
3 3101031 75
3 0701221 93
3 0501001 115
3 0501001 98
3 3501001 102
3 0201001 93
0 0001000 0


DAN 74012201 LIFE AV=NN
AV CLV INT a 365 8


ND Ni P S W
8 7 100 88 88


520 220 489 66 93 10 3


1986 COU PRODUCTION


UT/
1000
475
499
558
478
483
644
649
0


0 0 01 73
09170 05 73
09170 05 73
0 0 73
0 0 0273
0 0 0273


50 01 9
50 01 9
50 01 9
50 01 9
50 01 9
50 01 9


13182 10
12283 10
12283 20
2 184 10
12485 10
90


440 214 424
564 222 526
0 0 0
590 212 573
530 217 506
0 0 0


60 83 11
68 93 11
76 0 0
74 106 8
90 99 10
0 0 0


0101001
0501091
0501001
4501001
0201001
0001000


150 01 0
150 01 0
150 01 0
150 01 0
150 01 0
150 01 0


21681 10
11882 10
11683 10
11784 10
12085 10
60


0 96 500


452 197 466
584 227 537
652 228 595
476 227 437
506 221 475
0 0 0


100 81 8
104 97 10
88 106 10
70 87 8
78 86 9
0 0 0


1211201
0201006
0501001
4501001
0801001
0001000


0 90 522


490 247 419
626 214 604
518 186 561
512 221 480
694 229 631
472 237 415
0 0 0


72 90 12
96 114 11
98 110 13
72 92 10
90 111 11
52 82 12
0 0 0


3 5101021
3 2211231
2 0201001
3 0501001
3 4201001
1 0801001
0 0001000


0 103 527


0 94 505


SAMPLE RANCH


PAGE 1










CULLING LIST BY INDEX

+--D A M---+
NUMBER BD BR CONTROL
79 0234 17 44 4
81 0132 27 42 6
77 0097 71 44 4
83 0140 27 42 6
80 0135 71 45 5
81 0087 57 42 9
82 0188 27 42 6
82 0050 27 42 6
83 0064 27 42 6
77 0073 71 44 4
79 0271 17 44 4
81 0119 27 42 6
80 0066 17 44 4
81 0065 57 42 9
82 0070 27 42 6
77 0134 71 44 4
78 0017 17 44 4
83 0033 57 42 9
81 0071 21 44 3
81 0117 21 44 3
81 0187 17 44 4
80 0224 17 44 4
81 0146 51 44 8
79 0178 71 44 4
81 0160 71 45 5
82 0173 27 42 6
81 0056 27 42 6
82 0105 21 44 3
81 0143 71 45 5
82 0116 57 42 9
83 0194 57 42 9
77 0014 17 44 4
83 5176 57 42 9
80 0124 17 44 4
79 0039 71 44 4
79 0084 71 45 5
78 0008 17 44 4
83 5075 27 42 6
83 5095 27 42 6
83 0184 51 44 8


LIFETIME WEAN
WT GR N1 RATE WT
922 0 6 100 596
0 0 3 75 511
0 0 7 88 560
1020 0 2 100 630
1274 0 5 100 610
0 0 3 75 553
1084 0 3 100 591
1094 0 3 100 614
1126 0 2 100 512
0 0 7 88 575
1164 0 6 100 576
1226 0 4 100 571
1126 0 5 100 586
0 0 3 75 532
940 0 3 100 588
1018 0 8 100 592
0 0 4 80 612
1090 0 2 100 553
1042 0 4 100 555
1272 0 4 100 586
0 0 3 75 561
1040 0 5 100 630
0 0 3 75 517
1094 0 6 100 617
1082 0 4 100 573
1174 0 3 100 563
1156 0 4 100 532
1188 0 3 100 553
1034 0 4 100 553
1054 0 3 100 560
0 0 1 50 552
1092 0 7 88 610
0 0 1 50 534
1076 0 5 100 539
992 0 6 100 560
952 0 6 100 569
1094 0 7 100 543
0 0 1 50 566
956 0 2 100 563
1064 0 2 100 535


RECORD
GR A205 EXP P REMARKS
9 654 113
9 635 113
10 620 113
10 688 113
9 673 112
9 628 111
10 647 110
10 644 110
11 649 110
9 607 110
10 620 110
11 597 110
9 629 109
10 601 109
11 612 109
9 600 108
10 619 108
10 656 108
11 593 108
10 593 108
8 623 108
9 627 108
9 592 107
9 612 107
9 599 107
11 616 107
10 586 107
12 588 107
9 610 107
11 609 107
13 641 107
9 610 107
9 699 107
9 612 106
10 589 106
9 608 106
9 593 106
11 645 106
11 623 106
10 645 106


1986 CULLING LIST


Page 7


SAMPLE RANCH











SIRE
NN
374


00 0000 01
ND N1 P
372 243 88


SIRE 00 0000 02
NN ND N1 P
546 543 341 78

SIRE 00 0000 03
NN ND N1 P
5 5 0 0

SIRE 00 0000 04
NN ND N1 P
75 75 67 93

SIRE 00 0000 06
NN ND N1 P
243 238 173 87

SIRE 00 0000 08
NN ND N1 P
12 12 1 25

SIRE 00 0000 09
NN ND N1 P
7 7 0 14

SIRE 00 9010 09
NN ND N1 P
1 1 1 100

SIRE 00 9017 01
NN ND N1 P
2 2 2 100

SIRE 00 9022 09
NN ND N1 P
1 1 1 100

SIRE 00 9023 09
NN ND N1 P
1 1 1 100



SAMPLE RANCH


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
90 79 450 9 3 4 212 436 461 477 94 100 94


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
90 70 540 10 3 5 210 527 541 562 104 100 105


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
99 92 521 9 3 3 222 484 530 547 98 98 97


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
87 75 501 9 2 2 210 490 552 578 104 101 105


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
33 8 444 9 3 6 182 490 490 470 99 100 100


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
100 100 486 9 3 4 223 452 475 475 86 100 87


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
100 100 484 9 3 4 232 436 466 484 97 100 97


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
100 100 648 10 3 4 235 576 605 605 110 102 112


S W WNWT Sl S2 DAGE CAGE 205W ADJA ADJS WTR PRR INDEX
100 100 640 9 4 4 227 586 615 615 112 100 112



1986 SIRE LIFETIME AVERAGES Page 1































































































COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA. INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, G.L Zachariah, director, in co-
operation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30. 1914 Acts of Congress:
and is authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex.
age, handicap or national origin. Information on copies for purchase is available from C.M. Hinton. Publications Distribution Center. IFAS Building 664. University
of Florida. Gainesville. Florida 32611. Before publicizing this publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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