Threatened & Endangered
SOUTH FLORIDA'S NATIONAL PARKS
Published by the
Florida National Parks & Monuments Association
in cooperation with the
National Park Service
Revised by. Oron L. Bass, Jr., and William B. Robertson, Jr. (February, 1995).
Introduction and cover by: Shirley Beccue.
Threatened, endangered and extinct are words that have become all too common in our 20th century
vocabulary. The natural process of species evolution, taking hundreds and thousands of years, has
accelerated rapidly since the turn of the century. Today because of man's desire for land and raw
materials, his continued pollution and indiscriminate hunting many plant and wildlife species are on the
brink of extinction.
Nowhere is man's impact on other species more evident than in south Florida. Drainage of wetlands,
alteration of overland water flow and hunting have all contributed to species decline. Everglades, once
known for its abundant bird life, has seen its wading bird population decline drastically since the turn of
the century. The Florida Panther once common throughout the state, today is on the verge of extinction.
Within the four National Park areas of Everglades National Park, Biscayne National Park, Big Cypress
National Preserve and Fort Jefferson National Monument there are 16 endangered and 6 threatened
wildlife species. The mere physical boundaries of a National Park do not guarantee a species survival.
Maintaining harmony between "20th century progress" and wilderness areas requires research,
legislation and public awareness. For the last decade the South Florida Research Center, Everglades
National Park, has been studying how changes occurring outside the parks influence the fragile areas
within their boundaries. Research going on today may lead to a brighter future for many species.
Legislation such as the Endangered Species Act of 1973 has also afforded some measure of protection
for wildlife. The Act provided for the classification of wildlife species as "endangered" or"threatened,"
and mandated legal protection for species so listed. In justification for such protection, the Act also
recognized that the various species of fish, wildlife and plants have aesthetic, educational, historical and
Public support is also vital for species preservation. "What can I do?," you might ask. You can:
1. Become informed on the status of plants and wildlife in your state.
2. Do not purchase products that you suspect come from endangered or threatened plant or
3. Report those people who are known dealers in endangered or threatened plants and wildlife.
4. Support conservation legislation.
Today it is not enough to merely appreciate nature, we have to actively work to protect it. What we do
today toward that goal is the legacy we leave our children and their children. The extinction of a species
is forever ... and the decision is ours.
If you see any of the wildlife on this list or those you believe to be rare please fill out a wildlife
observation card at any visitor center or report it to a ranger.
Endangered: A species, subspecies or isolated population that is, or soon may be, in immediate danger
of extinction unless the species or its habitat is fully protected and managed for its survival.
Threatened: A species,subspecies or isolated population that is very likely to become endangered in the
near future unless the species or its habitat is fully protected and managed for its survival.
** Federal list may vary from state list.
South Florida National Parks:
EVER Everglades National Park
BNP IBiscayne National Park
BICY IBig Cypress National Preserve
DRTOIDry Tortugas National Park
SPECIES PARK STATUS
Schaus Swallowtail Butterfly BNP Breeding
(Papilio aristodemus ponceanus) EVER Casual ?
American Crocodile EVER Breeding
(Crocodylus acutus) BNP Casual ?
Hawksbill Turtle BNP Resident
(Eretmochelys imbricata) DRTO Resident
Green Turtle DRTO Breeding
(Chelonia mydas) EVER Casual
Atlantic Ridley Turtle EVER Casual
(Lepidochelys kempi) DRTO Casual
Leatherback Turtle BNP Breeding
(Dermochelys coriacea) EVER Casual ?
DRTO Casual ?
Wood Stork EVER Breeding
(Mycteria americana) BICY Breeding
Snail (Everglade) Kite EVER Breeding
(Rostrhamus sociabilis plumbeus) BICY Casual
Red-Cockaded Woodpecker BICY Breeding
(Picoides borealis) EVER Formerly
Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow EVER Breeding
(Ammodramus maritime mirabilis) BICY Breeding
Key Largo Cotton Mouse EVER Casual ?
Key Largo Woodrat EVER Casual?
(Neotoma floridana smaili)
West Indian Manatee EVER Breeding
Trichechus manatus) BNP Resident
Florida Panther EVER Breeding
(Felis concolor coryi) BICY Breeding
SPECIES PARK STATUS
Garber's Spurge EVER Resident
Stock Island Tree Snail EVER Introduced
American Alligator EVER Breeding
(Alligator mississippiensis) BICY Breeding
Eastern Indigo Snake EVER Breeding
(Drymarchon corias couperi) BICY Breeding
Loggerhead Turtle EVER Breeding
Caretta caretta) BNP Breeding
Southern Bald Eagle EVER Breeding
Haliaetus leucocephalus BICY Breeding
leucocephalus) BNP Breeding
Artic Peregrine Falcon EVER Wintering
(Falco peregrinustundrius) BNP Wintering
Piping Plover EVER Wintering
(Charadrius melodus) DRTO Migrant
Roseate Tern DRTO Breeding
(Sterna dougailii) EVER Wintering