Front Cover

Group Title: Annual report
Title: Annual report , Suwannee County, Florida Agricultural Extension Service
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00095012/00001
 Material Information
Title: Annual report , Suwannee County, Florida Agricultural Extension Service
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Suwannee County (Fla.) -- Agricultural Extension Service
Donor: unknown ( endowment ) ( endowment )
Publisher: Suwannee County, Florida Agricultural Extension Service
Place of Publication: Live Oak, Fla.
Publication Date: 1961
Copyright Date: 1961
Frequency: annual
Subject: Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Suwannee County   ( lcsh )
General Note: Description based on: 1961; title from cover.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1961.
Statement of Responsibility: Suwannee County, Florida Agricultural Extension Service.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00095012
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 436870111
lccn - 2009229372

Table of Contents
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Full Text


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Annual Report Suwannee County, Florida Agricultural Extension Service 1961
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3-Way Cooperation Key To Extension Effectiveness
Cooperation on 3 levels county, state and federal makes poe.
sible Agricultural Extension's educational activities. The result of this
cooperation is accurate agricultural and home making information -
readily available to all the people of Florida.

Hon. Orville Freeman
ISecretary of Agriculture

County Agent

State Director Home Demonstration Agent State Home Demonstration! Agent


Cooperation With

Other Agencies

Cooperating With Other Agencies
The Extension Service in Suwannee County en-
joys the best possible relations with other agricultural
agencies. All federal, state and county agricultural
agencies work in harmony in trying to help the peo-
ple of the county make the most from their agricul-
tural enterprises. On the next few pages of this re-
port you will note the cooperation between these
many agricultural agencies.
How Land Is Utilized
Many times the questions, "What portion of land
is devoted to croplands and "What portion of land
is devoted to forestry and woodland grazing" are
asked. According to the Agriculture Land Use Com-
mittee, croplands take in 201,985 acres of the total
439,000 acres. A further breakdown of this land is
as follows:
Forest & Urban & Permanent
Cropland Pasture Woodland Buildings Water
201,985 30,110 191,584 8,069 7,252
Labor Registration
The Extension Service cooperated with the
Florida State Employment Service in surveying the
need for migrant labor to help harvest the tobacco
crop. Two full. crews and several small groups were
brought in during the peak of the harvest. This
labor was requested by farmers who needed help in
harvesting crops.

In years gone by, clearing new land was a major effort.
Here we see a group of farmers watching a, then modern way
of clearing new land with a team of mules and a long cable
pulling down a tree. This was a slow process but the job
eventually would be completed. This picture was supplied by
Mrs. Alma Hill of Branford.

Clearing new land with modern-day machinery is still
expensive, but with adequate equipment the job is nothing
compared with that of years passed. Here we see Mr. W. O.
(Sonny) Hurst clearing new land with his bulldozer.

Agricultural Stabilization Conservation
Service ASCS
The ASCS Office is administered by Committee-
men elected by the farmers within the county. The
Committeemen hire an Office Manager who in turn
hires the office clerks. There are 8 regular employ-
ees and 12 field employees who work part time during
performance season.
Programs handled by the ASCS Office:
1. The ACP Program is a program which the
Federal Government will share with farmers the cost
of carrying out approved soil and water conservation
practices, such as planting cover crops. The ASCS
Office shared cost with the farm owners in Suwan-
nee County in the amount of approximately $136,000.-
00 in 1961. This cost was shared with about 600
farmers in Suwannee County and approximately 800
purchase orders were issued up to September 1, 1961.
2. The ASCS Office administers the allotment
programs on tobacco, cotton and peanuts.
3. The ASCS Office handles the Soil Bank Pro-
gram. There were 201 Soil Bank Contracts in force
in 1961. Under this program in 1961 the ASCS Of-
fice paid farmers for not growing surplus crops in the
amount of $285,656.08.

\, I

The Suwannee County ASC Committee, Chairman Ernest
Holmes, J. N. Barnett, J. D. Williams and office manager J. B.
Mills are standing in a good hairy indigo cover. This crop has
helped increase crop yields during recent years.

4. There are about 640 farmers participating in
the Feed Grain Program. These grain producers were
paid to reduce the feed grain planted in Suwannee
County on approximately 23,000 acres. For this re-
duced acreage the farmers received approximately
5. The ASCS Office has a loan program where-
by the farmers can receive a loan by putting his com-
modity under loan to the government. He can hold
his commodity until its price goes up, or he may de-
liver it to the government at the loan price. The
ASCS Office made loans to farmers totaling approxi-
mately $125,000.00 on corn and peanuts.

Forestry's Importance
Suwannee County has approximately 192,000
acres of woodland which is owned entirely by 3,108
private landowners. On this acreage, 44,315,951
seedlings have been planted since 1928, with the ma-
jority being planted during the past 10 years. The
Soil Bank, which came into effect in 1956 stimulated
the pine-planting program. Approximately 25,000

acres of cropland were placed into the Conservation
Reserve Program.
The peak of this planting came in 1958 when Su-
wannee County led the state in the number of pine
seedlings planted. The total was more than 12,000,-
000 seedlings. During this same year, Florida led the
nation in pine seedling planting. The present trend
is a leveling off to about 3,000,000 to 4,000,000 seed-
lings being planted each year. There still remain
about 100,000 acres which are in need of re-foresta-
tion. Of this acreage, 44,569 acres are now growing
only scrub oak. These should be removed and pines
should be established.
Naval stores has picked up in this county with
about 35,000 faces now being worked for turpentine
only. The landowners of the county have barely
scratched the surface of the potential number which
could be worked successfully. What lies in store for
Suwannee County in their potential in forestry de-
pends on the response of these 3,108 landowners in
carrying out better forestry practices on their lands.
In addition to 'naval stores income, $974,016
worth of forestry products were sold from Suwannee
County during the past 12 months.
With this income from poles, pulpwood, lumber
and naval stores added to the tremendous payroll, it
can easily be recognized that 1.3 million dollars an-
nually is recognized from forestry products.

This modern-day home with modern conveniences, in-
cluding bath facilities, a garage connecting to the home,
telephone, electricity, and a well-maintained lawn is typical
of many homes throughout Suwannee County today. These
homes are centrally heated, and are not only attractive but
very comfortable. This is the home of Mr. and Mrs. Howard

Here we see Farm Forester Wyman Garland pointing out
the new method of chipping pine trees. At the. present time
approximately 35,000 faces are being worked in Suwannee
County. This picture was taken on C. B. Warner's farm near

New Farm Homes
Many farmers build new homes each year. The
Farmers Home Administration, another lending agen-
cy available to the farmers in Suwannee County, has
financed many homes during recent years. Mr. Wen-
dell Roberts, County Supervisor, uses house plans,
barn plans, etc. that the Agricultural Extension En-
gineer makes available to County Agents. Mr. Ro-
berts and the Farmers Home Administration County
Committee cooperate with the Extension Engineer
and the County Extension Agents and make these
house plans available to the farmers free of charge.
This also results in a savings to the farmer.

This is a typical farm home in the 1930's. Note the kitch-
en-flhiefwfire aw wood stove was used for preparing the food,
the drinking water bucket on the porch with the washing
utensils, as well as a clean swept yard and an unpainted pine
bungalow house.

Dirt Or Soil?
No matter which you call it, dirt or soil al-
though soil is preferred by the Soils Scientists of the
U. S. Soil Conservation Service there are over one
hundred distinct types mapped in Suwannee County
Our soils cover a very wide range, from deep sands
such as Chiefland and Lakeland to clay soils such as
Susquehanna and Callahan. In between we have such
excellent soils as Arrendondo and Gainesville loamy
fine sands.
Nearly all of our soils are capable of producing
crop yields that will equal the best in the U. S. For
example, corn can be produced at the rate of 75 bush-
els per acre on soils such as Arrendondo, Zuber, Gain-
esville and many others. Of course, yields such as this
require liming, fertilization, cover crops and crop ro-
Probably 85 percent of Suwannee County is well
suited to cultivated crops. The remainder is excellent
land for pasture or trees. This compares very favor-
ably with other areas when you consider that there
are large areas in other sections of the county that
cannot be cultivated for such reasons as too rocky,
insufficient moisture, too hilly, too wet, etc.
All of Suwannee County has now been soil typed
and the results will be published in bulletin form,
probably within two years. When this bulletin is
available it will be possible to tell at a glance the
location of the best soils for any given crop. In the
meantime, the Suwannee River Soil Conservation Dis-
trict will continue to make available, upon request
by individual landowners, soil surveys of their farms.
And, using these surveys, they can complete a soil
and"water conservation farm plan that will utilize
each acre according to its capabilities.

Mrs. Gus Cabre, left, Mr. Wendell Roberts, Farmers Home
Administration County Supervisor, and Mr. Gus Cabre go over
house plans of a house they plan to construct on their farm
in the near future.

Practicing conservation of the soil is shown in the above
photo. On left you will note strip crops of small grain of 60
feet wide Then a cultivatable strip of 60 feet wide. This
offered good protection from wind erosion. On right you will
note land broken with no strip and the damage suffered by
wind erosion.

Vincent Jones, Vocational Agriculture Shop Foreman, is
shown supervising some of the boys from the shop in paint-
ing and preserving wooden pens built in the livestock build-
ing. Left to right John Tuten, Mr. Jones, Larry McMullen,
Herman Taylor and Bobby Kinzey.


Want A Fish Pond?
Suwannee County, particularly in the northern
half has been fortunate indeed in the number and size
of her farm ponds and holes. They range in size from
White Lake, well over 120 acres, down to s, acre
ponds. Each and every one and it is conservatively
estimated that there are over 500 in the county -
is capable of supporting a fish population. In addi- -0 li
tion, many are used for irrigation of tobacco and as
Successful fish pond management depends on
several factors: 1. Assuming that you have an exist-
ing pond; proper stocking, is important. This means
the correct number of fish per surface acre of bream
and bass. Normally, this is ten bream for each bass.
These may be secured without charge through the
Suwannee River Soil Conservation District, coopera-
ting with the United States Fish & Wildlife Service.
One note of caution though, before stocking it is usu-
ally advisable to completely remove all fish through On left is Gary Lee, Harmon Suggs, Vocational Agricul-
ally advisable to completely remove all fish throughture Instructor Wilson Suggs, and Fred Allen from the Bran-
the use of rotenone. Otherwise, the proper balance is ford Chapter, taking a soil sample. Mr. Suggs is showing the
difficult, if not impossible, to achieve, boys the proper way to take a soil sample. These samples
2. The application of a complete fertilizer will be carried to the County Agent's office where they will
8-8-2 with an inorganic base is recommend sent to the University of Florida Soil Testing Laboratory
8-8-2 with an inorganic base is recommended at for analysis.
regular intervals during the growing season. Usu- Once the laboratory report is received, recommendations
ally 800 to 1000 pounds per surface acre per year is are made by the County Agent on the analyses and amounts
sufficient to maintain the desired fertility in the pond. of fertilizers to be used for a particular crop.
In this connection, it may be necessary to add dolomite -
to bring the pH up to a level that will enable the fish
to exist in the pond.
3. To be completely successful, a pond must be
fished regularly after it has been stocked and ferti- .... ''
lized. It is not possible to overfishh" a good pond.
They simply will not bite when the population drops ".
too low, as there will be plenty of natural food avail-
able. .. .
If you do not have a natural pond on your farm,
it may still be possible to enjoy fishing at home by
digging one. Of course, the site selected must be a
good one. Here is where the technicians of the boil
Conservation Service can advise you. They are equip-
ped to make the necessary site investigations and, if
favorable, to design the pond and supervise the con-
struction. It is even possible in some cases to secure
a small payment of 7 cents per cubic yard through the Wilbur Bell, former manager, Suwannee County Chamber
Agricultural Conservation Program to defray a por- of Commerce and Howard Smith, Associate County Agent,
tion of the cost if the pond is to be used for irrigation review chart showing agencies, organizations, and individuals
or stockwater. that worked together to make the Dolomite. Program a suc-
It is felt this project effectively demonstrates what can
be done by everyone working together for common goals.

John Hampton, Soil Conservation Service Technician. On left we see Floyd Eubanks, Department of Agricul-
along with Mr. Phillip Griffin and Russell Parsons, Soil Con- ture Field Man, taking samples of seed while Mr. Leonard
servation Service Technician, survey a fish pond at Mr. Grif- Stansel looks on. This is another example of where Doyle
fin's. This fish pond is about 2 acres in size and shortly will Conner, Commissioner of Agriculture, is assuring the farmers
be stocked with bream and bass made available from the that they are getting the best possible seed. Mr. Eubanks
United States Wildlife Service through the local Soil Con- checks samples of seed, feed, fertilizers, and pesticides for
servation Office. the Department of Agriculture,


Efficiency In Agricultural Production
Efficiency in agricultural production has always
received major emphasis in the Extension program.
Supplying research results to the farmers and inter-
preting and demonstrating how to apply such infor-
mation is Extension's job.
Progress has been sure and swift in many types
of farming enterprises, but the task of keeping up to
date becomes more difficult every year. Technolog-
ical advances and the growing complexity of the eco-
nomic picture threatens to outdistance the informa-
tion disseminator, the teacher and the producer him-
Adjustments to meet rising costs and narrow
margins have become a major responsibility of the
modern farmer. Extension's educational program is
an important factor in helping families to make these

Soybean Production
Soybeans is a relatively new crop in Suwannee
County. They were grown several years ago but the
yields were low. In 1961 Jack Jones grew approxi-
mately 40 acres. His yields were good. According
to Mr. Jones, "This is another crop that farmers can
grow that will bring in additional income at a time
of year when there are not many other farm jobs
demanding his attention".

Plastic Covers
Plastic covers over flue-cured tobacco plant beds
were introduced into North Florida by many Suwan-
nee County farmers during 1961. Frames of 2-inch
pine were necessary to hold up plastic. These frames
must be sturdy enough to withstand wind and rain.
Growing tobacco plants under plastic cover was most
successful during 1961. Many farmers were able to
plant tobacco 2 to 4 weeks earlier by growing plants
under plastic. The plants were healthy, free of di-
sease and required less water than those grown under
cheese cloth.

Jack Jones stands in a field of soybeans in early August.
At this early date, these beans had completely covered the
ground with only approximately 350 pounds of 0-10-20 fer-



.., -AI1

picture is the plant of Mr. H. M. Ward & Sons where they have a corn dryer, clean-

er, storage tanks, scales and office.

The Golden Ear King Corn
One of the most important crops in Suwannee
County and by far the largest acreage devoted to
one crop is corn.
For many years the growing of corn as a cash
crop was not very profitable. However, in recent
years with new varieties of hybrid corn, the use of
dolomitic limestone, and proper analyses of plant
food, corn yields have been increased to a profitable
During the years 1959 and 1960, 83,000 acres of
land was devoted to corn growing in Suwannee Coun-
ty. In the spring of 1961 the Emergency Feed Grain
Program became a reality. This program provided
incentive payments to farmers to reduce or under-
plant their 1959-1960 base. As a result of this Emer-
gency Feed Grain Program, 23,000 acres of land was
left idle to comply with the provisions of this program.
The farmers that participated in the Emergency Feed
Grain Program received $506,612.
Despite the reduced acreage for 1961, farmers
in Suwannee County will produce the biggest corn
crop this county has ever known. Several factors
contribute to the increased yields. They are: Better
corn varieties, good cover crops, better uses of ferti-
lizers and good seasons.
It is estimated that the corn yields in Suwannee
County for 1961 will reach 30 bushels per acre, which
is an all-time high. It may also be noted that approxi-
mately 75 percent of the corn grown in the county is
produced by 20 percent of the farmers.
The corn crop as a whole means much to the eco-
nomy of the county, not merely the fact that so many
dollars are brought into the county as a result of the
sale of corn, but the benefit that is derived from feed-
ing the grain to cattle and hogs. This cattle and hog
feeding offers great possibilities in this area. Su-
wannee County being a leader in grain production,
it is the feeling of many that our farmers have only
scratched the surface of a real opportunity that now

Don't Guess Soil Test
This is the slogan adopted by many farmers
throughout Florida during recent years. Approxi-
mately 550 farmers in Suwannee County used this
service in 1960, while it is expected that approximate-
ly 800 soil samples will be analyzed during 1961.
Farmers, too, are concerned about what elements
and the amount of plant food that is already in their
soil and how much is needed to make the most profit-
able crop possible.
Many farmers were using 1 ton of 3-9-9 tobacco
fertilizer. After having the soil tested, they found
that they needed 1500 pounds per acre of a 4-8-12
tobacco fertilizer. After figuring the total nitrogen
and potash for the new recommendations, it was ex-
plained to the farmers that they had exactly the same
amount of nitrogen and potash in 1500 pounds of
4-8-12 as they were accustomly using in one ton of
3-9-9. Thus, they were saving several dollars per
acre on fertilizer, handling 5 bags less per acre and
still receiving the same amount of nitrogen and pot-
ash as in previous years. In addition to the savings
above, the farmers are now using the Experiment
Station's recommended ratio of 1-2-3 of nitrogen-phos-
In addition to the benefits received from soil
testing tobacco land, comparable results were re-
ceived from corn, peanuts, gardens, pastures and oth-
er crops.

Farmers Try New Crops
Suwannee County farmers are always in-
terested in growing new crops that have a fu-
ture for this area. Many crops have been de-
veloped in recent years that have proven very
successful. Some of these crops are Gator
Rye, Seminole oats, Jackson 45 soybeans, Flo-
rida 200 corn and new varieties of tobacco.
Foundation seeds were grown by local farmers
and distributed out generally to farmers who
grew this as registered seed.

The above


..:-, d


Tobacco's Importance To County
Flue-cured tobacco production has been impor-
tant as a cash crop in Suwannee County since 1923
when the crop was first grown. During the early
years of production, yields were low and cash returns
per acre were small. Research information was not
available to help overcome production problems.
In 1947 Suwannee County averaged 1,078 pounds
of tobacco per acre. This was the first year that the
average yield was in access of 1,000 pounds for the
County. Since this time, yields have continued to
climb as knowledge increased and better production
practices were used. It is interesting to take a look
at the progress made, beginning in 1941. and come up
to date in comparing acreages and yield as well as
total income from tobacco in the County.
Acres Acres lb.
Year Harvested Yield Production Price Value
1941 3150 759 2,391,795 21.3 $ 470,000
1947 5874 1078 6,329,193 39.0 2,500,000
" '19'" 514T 1404 7,228,977 46.5 3,290,000
1960 3390 1586 5,376,750 56.6 3,040,000
1961 3393 1920 6,514,560 58 3,778,445
Progress has been made from year to year in flue-
cured tobacco production but to stop here with our
story would be telling only a half truth. Quality has
also improved. This can readily be seen by the in-
crease in price Florida farmers have received has
compared to the average price received by farmers
where tieing is required.
Fla. type 14 N.C.types 11, 12, & 13
Year av. price/lb. av. price/lb.
1944 36.2 43.1
1947 39.0 42.0
1953 51.5 53.7
1957 56.7 55.1
1958 57.3 58.0
1959 58.8 57.9
From these figures it is easy to see that where a
five cents or more spread was given North Carolina
farmers for tieing tobacco in 1944 we have improved
on quality and price received. In 1957 and 1959
average price for loose leaf in Florida was higher
than for tied leaf in North Carolina.


The Forestry Sub-committee of the Suwannee County
Rural Areas Development Council headed by J. L. McMullen
has been very active in promoting sound forestry management
practices. This subcommittee along with all other or-
ganized groups was successful in getting Suwannee County
voted under forest fire control in 1958.
The planting of slash pines has increased in Suwannee
County in the last several years. In 1960 an estimated
9,000,000 slash pine seedlings were planted.

Mr. Manuel Fernandez looks at one of his better cross-
breeds. This calf is 3 months old and weighs approximately
325 pounds. The calf weighed 1,00 pounds at birth. Mr. Fer-
nandez said, "Using good bulls, culling out the inferior and
keeping only the best, has improved my herd greatly."

Cross Breeding Pays Well
Manuel Fernandez, a local farmer, is proud of
his prize animals. Mr. Fernandez started 15 years
ago with dairy heifers, breeding them to good Here-
ford bulls. He culled out the undesirables and kept
only the better animals. After 15 years of this type
breeding, he has a good herd of Hereford animals.
It's common for his cows to produce 100 pound
calves. He sells these calves at 400 to 700 pounds.
His animals bring top market price.

Beef Cattle
Beef cattle production in Suwannee County is
moving forward. Several purebred animals were
brought in for breeding purposes. Good purebred
bulls, mostly of the English breeds, Angus and Here-
ford, are predominant. Some Santa Gertrudis, Red
Polled and Brahman are used on commercial herds.
This cross-breeding with good bulls normally pro-
duces good calves, ideal to be sold for feeder calves
for feedlots. Suwannee County farmers have approxi-
mately 12;500 beef cows.

This herd of 100 Santa Gertrudis cattle was one of several
seen on the Annual Cattleman's Association Tour. These
Santa Gertrudis were shipped in from Maryland. According
to Bob Holmes, "They are an outstanding herd of cows."

Pecan Story
Pecans is a crop that has meant much to the
economy of the county. Approximately 45,000 pecan
trees in Suwannee County make a big impact in Oc-
tober, November and December. Farmers like Vancie
Baker usually make a good pecan crop each year. He
spends much time and effort fertilizing and spraying
his groves. He also turns under green manure crops
in September. As Mr. Baker says, "You take care of
your pecan trees, and they will take care of you."

Mr. George L. Burnham sprays pecan trees from his newly
acquired equipment while his wife drives the truck.

Mr. Vancie Baker points with pride to the fine crop of
nuts on his Stuart tree. He recently turned under a heavy
growth of hairy indigo and crotalaria as a green manure

Spraying Pecan Groves
A service that has been needed for a number of
years is now available to the farmers of this county.
Custom spraying seemed to be the answer to the di-
sease and insect problem on many of the pecan groves.
Insects and diseases in many of the groves have be-
come so troublesome that the farmers had to spray
the trees in order to get any yields at all.
In addition to diseases and insects, Spanish moss
was doing much damage to the pecan groves. During
recent years, pecan yields have been low due to many
factors; namely, insects, diseases, Spanish moss and
unfavorable seasons.
Mr. George L. Burnham, a young energetic farm-
er, decided to buy a spray machine capable of spray-
ing even the largest trees. He realized that he must
have a machine capable for pressures up to 800 p.s.i
and with an output of at least 35 gallons per minute. A
pump with this capacity would cost a minimum of
$1,000.00. A complete sprayer that would meet all
the requirements would cost approximately $3,000.00.
Mr. Burnham surveyed the county, discussed this
with the County Agent and decided to buy the equip-
ment. The County Agent and the Agricultural Exten-
sion Engineer worked with Mr. Burnham in getting
the equipment that would serve his needs.
At the present time Mr. Burnham sprays pecan
groves for insects and diseases during the summer
months and Spanish moss in the winter months. Mrs.
Burnham drives the 2, ton truck while her husband
sprays the trees. This is another service that is avail-
able to the farmers of the county as the result of a
need for such services being realized by the farmers

Outlook Information Helps Farmers
As marketing specialists and economists
prepare outlook information, this is passed on
to farmers by the county agents by the most
rapid means possible, news letters, weekly
newspaper articles and the radio. This informa-
tion is most helpful to farmers in trying to sell
their produce and livestock when it is most ad-
vantageous for them. As Harvey Carroll, Jr.,
a young Suwannee County farmer, stated,
"This information was of tremendous value to
me in knowing when to sell my hogs. The mar-
ket prices were right when my animals were
ready for market. If I had not received this
information in advance, I most likely would
have had them ready for market when the
price was down."

Enoch Garrison and sons own this sow and 11 pigs. The
Duroc sow bred to a Yorkshire boar produced these excellent
pigs. A good feeding program is carried on by Mr. Garrison
and his operation is considered a very successful one. Of
all the litters weaned during 1961, Mr. Garrison's entire herd
averaged 8.5 pigs per litter. This is 2 pigs per litter above
the national average.



Marketing, Distribution, Utilization Efficiency
Many times we hear that X represents the price
received by the farmers for his food or fiber product.
Y is the total cost of producing that item cost of
labor, materials, seed, land, buildings, machinery,
fertilizer, other supplies and overhead. The differ-
ence between X and Y is the farmer's profit or loss.
This simple example points out the main problem in-
volved in marketing, distribution, and utilization of
farm products efficient operation to make each
step profitable for those concerned.
Many of the tasks performed in marketing and
distribution are functions once performed by farmers
themselves. In fact, farmers once consumed most of
their own products, but times have changed. If
the total job of producing and marketing farm pro-

wasaa .-. .. '. ,. -^ f^ _-.
Commissioner of Agriculture Doyle Conner and Suwan-
nee County Chamber of Commerce Agricultural Chairman
Herb Wadsworth check the quality of tobacco being offered
for sale on the Live Oak market. Prices averaged $60.00 over
the entire, season on the Live Oak market. 11,300,000 pounds
of top quality, flue-cured tobacco was sold on the local mar-
ket in 1961.

ducts is to be profitable to growers and handlers, ev-
ery one of these functions must be performed effici-
ently. The job starts with the farmers, but it doesn't
stop here.

Quality In Flue-Cured Tobacco
To successfully produce a crop of tobacco, a
farmer must correctly blend varieties, soils, fertilizers,
pest control, irrigation and favorable weather.
Quality in flue-cured tobacco is an elusive and
changing thing. It is defined differently by tobacco
companies and individuals, and it may vary from year
to year. Some think of quality as a physical thing -
such as color, grain, elasticity, etc. while others
think of quality on a chemical basis.
But the old adage, "The proof of the pudding is
in the eating" still holds. Florida farmers must be
producing quality flue-cured tobacco; they have con-
sistently placed smaller percentages in the Stabili-
zation Loan Program than any other state.
In 1959, less than 0.5 percent of Florida's crop
went into the loan, while 4.67 percent of the total
U. S. crop was placed in the loan. Price-wise, Florida
farmers were at the top they averaged $58.77 per
100 pounds for untied tobacco, against an average of
less than $58.00 for North Carolina's tied tobacco.
Flue-cured tobacco growers are faced with one
crisis or emergency after another as they attempt to
produce their crop. With yields 135 percent above
yields of 10 years ago, however, and prices equaling
and exceeding prices in other states, quality tobacco
is being produced. Agricultural workers are doing
all they can to help farmers do so.
The Suwannee County Agricultural Extension
Service works closely with the local tobacco ware-
housemen, the Chamber of Commerce and other
groups in keeping the Live Oak tobacco auction mar-
ket the biggest and best in Florida. The Suwannee
County Chamber of Commerce Agricultural Chair-
man works with the County Agricultural Committee
in helping recognize problems in marketing and tries
to do something in correcting these problems.


Shown above is a typical group of cattle being offered for
sale that have been fed grain during the winter months.
These animals weighed approximately 800 to 1000 pounds each.
As many farmers state, they can receive at least $1.75 per
bushel for their corn by feeding it to the cattle.

T. J. Haynes, right, of O'Brien checks the quality of the
meat of his first prize heavyweight Duroc barrow in the. hog
show held at the North Florida Fair in Tallahassee. Ken
Durrance, animal industrialist with the Florida Agricultural
Extension Service, is pointing out that loin development is im-
portant in producing meat-type-hogs. The carcass cf this
barrow was 31.50 inches long, had 1.47 inches of back fat and
the eye muscle area measured 4.30 square inches.

Livestock Value To Suwannee's Economy
Of all the crops produced in Suwannee County
the one that offers the greatest possibilities is -
without a doubt Livestock. During the past 12
months, 110,000 hogs and cows were sold at the 4
local markets and through independent buyers; and
the farmers were paid $3,510,020.00. This is an in-
come that is spread over the entire 12 months. The
1961 prices paid were higher and the farmers have
received money each week for their livestock that
they have for sale. This means much to the economy
of the county to have regular marketable products
consistent throughout the year.
During recent years a good educational program
has been put to practice by the farmers in Suwannee
County on raising the right kind of hogs and cows
that will bring the most money when offered for sale.
Using good boars and bulls has resulted in better pigs
and calves being offered for sale. Livestock shows
and meat demonstrations, as well as the kind of meat
the housewife wants to buy, are a few of the many
things that have contributed to the upgrading of the
livestock in Suwannee County.
Now that grain is grown in quite adequate quanti-
ties in Suwannee County, also realizing the fact that
there is no surplus of pork and beef, doubling the
amount of hogs and cows now produced in Suwannee
County would be of tremendous economic value to
the entire county.
It is the feeling of many that the farmers of this
county could produce twice the number of marketable
animals with little effort and money. This is the goal
of many of the agricultural leaders in Suwannee Coun-
ty, to produce more livestock on the farms through-
out this county.

Rural Telephones Serve Real Need
Progress in all phases of agriculture have
made great strides in recent years. Conven-
iences on the farm and in the home have made
farm living more pleasant for Suwannee Coun-
ty people. New phone lines have been in-
stalled throughout the county and rural tele-
phones serve most of the farm families of the
county. A modern telephone system, the North
Florida Telephone Company, has four ex-
changes in Suwannee County. Microwave con-
nects the three smaller exchanges to the head-
quarters which is located in Live Oak. The
telephone is another of the many conveniences
that these farmers are now enjoying.

Mr. Levell Croft, from Suwannee Packing Co., is shown
measuring the loin-eye development in this meat-type animal.

Real Southern Acre Peas
The more diversified farmers in Suwannee Coun-
ty grow vegetables in addition to the other livestock
and field crops. Approximately 30,000 bushels of
acre peas were grown locally and canned or frozen
by McMullen's Frozen Food Bank. This acreage of
peas were grown under contract with farmers through-
out the county. The peas were brought into the plant,
where they were shelled, processed and made ready
for the consumer's table. Approximately 125,000
cans and 125,000 frozen food packages of peas were
processed during the 1961 season.
This local industry provides extra income to the
people of the county, and furnishes employment for
many people. Southern acre peas is a very tasty vege-
table, one that is very popular throughout the nation.
Distribution of these delicacies are limited somewhat
but the demand is great.

Here we see J. M. Dees putting the stamp of approval on
one of the hams from Suwannee Packing Co. Mr. Dee's in-
spection of all animals slaughtered insures the consumers that
they are getting the best meats possible.

Feeding Pays Off
Several farmers in Suwannee County store their
grain rather than selling it on the buyers' market.
They feed livestock during the winter months. Feed-
ing grain along with winter grazing has produced
top-quality beef. Beef fed on grain usually com-
mand good prices.
Suwannee County is most fortunate in having ad-
equate livestock markets. The Suwannee Valley Live J. L. McMullen, owner of McMullen's Food Bank, is in-
stock Market, Moses Livestock Market and Humph- specting peas being graded to be packaged and frozen. A
ries Market at Branford, Suwannee P~acking Com- nutritious vegetable and popular throughout the South.
pany, and independent buyers paid farmers in Su-
wannee County over $1,500,000 for cattle during
1960. These figures do not include several thousand
feeder calves that are sold annually to feed lot opera-
tors. The beef cattle operation in Suwannee County
brings the farmers approximately $1,500,000.00 each
year. Local markets provide year-round conveniences
for the farmers when they want to sell.

Sam e Cunl e Pm uce


The above curb market was sponsored by the Welfare
Sub-committee of The Suwannee County Rural Areas De-
velopment Council.
Terrell Futch, Chairman, and his committee. have worked
hard making a start for a real curb market.
From donations of site, lumber, labor, and advertise-
S- ment, this market has been very successful on a small scale.
Operation began in May, 1959 and has operated each
sprinZ and summer since.
Brown Wood Preserving Plant is another agriculturally Approximately 125 farm families have sold over $4,000
connected industry that means much to the economy of the worth of surplus vegetables annually.
county. They buy poles, and crossarms from farmers in This is a very worthwhile project from the, standpoint of
Suwannee and adjoining counties. producer and consumer.


Suwannee County Rural Areas Development Council






Sub-Committee Sub-Committee Sub-Committee Sub-Committee Sub-Committee
On On On On On
Industry Com. Devel'pm't Forestry Health Education

Sub-Committee Sub-Committee Sub-Committee Sub-Con
On Processed On On O0
Veg. Marketing Recreation Welfare Senior C

Sub-Committee Sub-Committee
On On
Youth Publicity TRANS

nmittee Sub-Committee Sub-Committee
n On On
citizenss Home Living Agriculture


Advisory Panel
Agriculture Stabilization &
Conservation Committee
Farmers Home Administration
Soil Conservation Service
Ag Stabilization Committee
Forest Service
Vocational Agriculture
Chamber of Commerce
Social Security
Health Department
Welfare Department
State Employment Service
Community Presidents
Sub-Committee Chairmen
Extension Service

Conservation Of Natural Resources

I i

Conservation, Development And Wise Use Of -
Natural Resources
The conservation, development, and wise use of
natural resources is vital to the continued welfare of
the people and of their country. From the education,-
al standpoint, Extension has the responsibility and
opportunity to help develop a realistic approach to
the wise handling of the basic resources of soil, water,
forests, grasslands, fish .and wildlife.
Suwannee County Agricultural Extension Ser-
vice encourages improved management and sound
use of these resources on the farm and elsewhere.
County Agents and specialists in the Soil Conservation
Service work with landowners and operators, public
school teachers, 4-H and FFA groups to develop
greater understanding and appreciation of conserva-
tion problems.
Specialists in forestry, wildlife conservation, soil
conservation, agricultural engineering and agronomy
work with County Extension Agents and other staff
Farm Forester Wyman Garland checks scrub oaks killed
members in the area of natural resources. with 2-4-D on a farm in Suwannee County. These trees will
die back and then pine seedlings will be planted to this area.
This is a practice that is encouraged by all the agricultural
agencies in Suwannee County.

Suwannee River's Value To County
The world-famous Suwannee River that flows
gently around Suwannee County is one of the most
valuable natural resources in Florida. Suwannee
County has an estimated 100 miles of shoreline on this
famous River, which forms a great portion of the
county boundary.
The Suwannee River, of legendary fame, is one
of the most well-known rivers in the world because
of the beautiful Stephen Foster melody. The river
forms the most important attraction in the northern
part of Florida. On the banks is the Stephen Foster
Memorial at White Springs. This is the most well
attended, non-commercial attraction in the state.
With the river on 3 sides of the county, our visi-
tors find in the north end of the county the ancient
Pictured above is a dream of many people. We see a resort of Suwannee Springs. This is possibly the old-
retired couple catching a nice bass from the Suwannee est resort continuously in operation to be found in
River. The river provides fishing, boating, swimming, ski- est resort continuously in operation to be found in
ing and other recreation. Florida.

Down from Suwannee Springs we find the new
Florida Sheriffs' Boys Ranch, a home for needy,
worthy young boys; sponsored by the sheriffs of the
state. Further down stream is the mouth of the Ala-
paha River. Still further the Withlacooche River en-
ters the Suwannee. Here we find the Suwannee River
State Park at Ellaville.
Many beautiful springs up and down the Suwan-
nee River provide wonderful swimming, boating and
other recreation. At Dowling Park the Advent Chris-
tian Home and Orphanage have an excellent area on
this beautiful river. At Branford, near where the
Santa Fe and the Suwannee join, is the town-owned
Ivey Memorial Park which provides picnicking, swim-
ming and a boat launching ramp.
Cradled in this great curve of the Suwannee Riv-
er, Suwannee County is a prosperous agricultural area
specializing in bright leaf tobacco, livestock, vege-
tables and field crops.

Scene showing two spreader trucks applying dolomite on
a field of corn stubbles in the spring before land preparation.

Plowing firelines is another service provided by the Fire
Prevention Unit in Suwannee County. Here we see Farm
Forester Wyman Garland, Forest Ranger Jack Hammonds
and 8Radford Landen looking at a 12 foot fireline recently A Parmax, Inc. spreader truck that participated in the
plowed on the farm of Mr. T. A. Rowand. dolomite program in Suwannee County. J. L. Parsons and
David Maxwell entered the. spreader service business in 1959-
60, largely as a result of the increased use of dolomite. The
company operates 4 similar trucks.
Fire Control Voted In J
The Suwannee County Fire Prevention Unit was 0
voted into reality by the people of the county in the
1958 election. In October of that same year, a crew
was hired consisting of a County Ranger, 3 rangers, 3 9
assistant rangers, a dispatcher, 2 fulltime tower men
and 2 part-time tower men. Actual work on suppres-
sion of wood fires began in November, 1958.
During the 1958-1959 fire season, wild fires
burned over 1,063 acres of woodland and 162 land-
owners received fireline plowing assistance. As a
comparison, during the 1960-1961 fire season 768 --
acres burned over by wildfires and 229 landowners re-
ceived fireline plowing.
The Fire Prevention Unit is almost complete with
the headquarters site having been erected. It consists
of a shop, office building, 2 houses and a look-out
tower. Three other look-out towers were erected in
other places in the county.
During the winter months, an aircraft is used
for patrolling the entire county for detection of wild
fires and other type fires. Complete equipment for
fighting these fires are provided by the unit, and
stationed at strategic locations throughout the coun-
The long-range plan calls for more buildings, -*4-. .
more towers, and additional help to provide the citi- ..... .
zens of Suwannee County with fire prevention sec- Suwannee Spreader Service truck that participated in the
ond to none. Dolomite Program.

Special activities included a cook-out with the
boys preparing their own meal and a Wildlife tour
later on in the evening.
In various contests, Jerry Fletcher placed sec-
ond in the bait casting contest, Gene Box placed third
in the story-writing contest and sixth in the target
firing contest, Dwight Stansel, Bill Cowin and Mike
Edwards all shot high enough qualification scores to
be awarded a markmanship badge.
The camp is sponsored by the Federal Cartridge
Corporation, Mr. Charles L. Horn, President.

Suwannee County 4-H Club boys take a close-up look at
their subject in quail management class at 4-H Wildlife Camp.
Left to right are: H. R. Bissland, Biologist Soil Conservation
Service; Jerry Fletcher, McAlpin; Tommy Musgrove, Live Oak;
and Tony Jensen, Assistant Forester, Florida Agricultural Ex-
tension Service.

Swimming, Boating, And Fishing Headline
Activities At State 4-H Wildlife Camp
The 4-H Wildlife Camp held in July in the Ocala
National Forest, was a memorable occasion in the lives
of the many boys who attended and especially for the
five who attended from Suwannee County; Gene Box
of Live Oak, Dwight Stansel of Wellborn, Jerry Flet-
cher of McAlpin, and Bill Cowin and Mike Edwards
from the Florida Sheriffs' Boys Ranch.
From 6:30 in the morning until 11:00 at night,
the campers were busy with classes, recreation and
inspirational activities. After flag raising, breakfast,
cleaning cabins, and an early morning swim period,
the boys received classes in forestry, quail manage-
ment, conservation, gun safety, fish and fishing
tackle, fish pond management, and boats, motors and
water safety. After classes in the afternoon, many of
the boys took advantage of the nearby lake for boat-
ing and fishing. With another swim period and the
evening meal over, the boys filed into the auditorium
for talks on the conservation program and the show-
ing of Wildlife films.

I! -

Pictured above are several 4-H boys receiving instruc-
tion in the gun safety program at Wildlife Camp.

This is one of the 15 spreader trucks that participated in
the Rural Development Dolomite Program. Owners of the
trucks were Suwannee Spreader Service of Live Oak 7;
Parmax, Inc., Live Oak 4; State-wide Spreader Service,
Newberry 2; Murry Parker Spreader Service, Leesburg 2.
The increased use of dolomite was stimulated by coordi-
nated effort and a special ASC ruling where the percent of
government cost share. was increased.
The practice requires the application of 1 ton of dolomite
on cropland followed by seeding of a summer cover crop,
such as indigo.
The program was started in 1959. The. figures below
from the State Department of Agriculture indicate the tre-
mendous increase in the use of this soil conditioner:
July 1, 1957 June 30, 1958 1,214.05 tons
1958 1959 7,663.00 tons
1959 1960 13,845.50 tons
1960 1961 14,877.65 tons
In the picture, W. C. Rouse, local Atlantic Coastline
Agent, looks on as dolomite is loaded into spreader truck.

Shown above is the Suwannee Dolomite and Lime Com-
pany plant at Dowling Park. The operation is under new
management of six outstanding citizens from Tennessee.
This plant is a direct result of the increased use of dolo-
mite. It has been expanded and a dryer has been added.
The material compares very favorably with other in Florida.



Farm And Home Management

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1~-11 11_11


Management On The Farm And In The Home
Every family makes its own farm and home man-
agement decisions. Despite the national and state
trends to larger farms, our agriculture is still built
around the family-farm operation.
Management ability on the part of the individual
family is an important factor in successful operation
of the modern farm, particularly from the economic
standpoint. This is especially true today as agricul-
ture becomes more complex, more specialized, and
more interdependent with other segments of our eco-
Since members of the farm family live and work
together, efficient management on the farm and in
the home are inseparable. Farm and home compete
for time and money. Extension contributes assistance
in this problem area by helping farm families to ap-
praise their resources, to identify their problems and
to analyze ways to meet them, to understand the tech-
nological, credit, and other aids available, and to
choose and follow the best course of action available.

Landscaping Homes Is Very Important
The area of landscaping has received consider-
able attention in attempting to improve the appear-

Mrs. Aubrey Ward is watering plants in the yard of their
beautiful new home in the Philadelphia New Harmony

ance of farm homes and community buildings. This
is an area where too little emphasis has been given
in the past but where interest is beginning to really
Mr. W. J. Platt, Jr., District Agent, Agricultural
Extension Service, Gainesville, discussed landscaping
of home grounds at 3 different community club meet-
ings. These discussions helped to create more inter-
est and desire to improve home grounds.
Several homes in the county have been actually
landscaped as a result of these discussions.

Active Farm Organizations And
Chamber Of Commerce
Leadership in all farm organizations is
supplied by people interested in getting things
done to improve the county. Farm organiza-
tions work closely with the Suwannee County
Chamber of Commerce in working on problems
that will help increase the net profit of the
farmers in the county.
Whenever farmers have problems that
need attention, they report this to farm orga-
nizations and the Chamber of Commerce, and
usually within a short period of time, action
takes place. The development of Suwannee
County thus far can be attributed not only to
the fine people on the farms but also leader-
ship that they provide.

The Suwannee County Cattlemen's Association makes an
annual tour to selected farms. Here we see a portion of ap-
proximately 125 farmers looking at Hereford animals on the
F. D. Helvenston farm near Live Oak.

Now, Life Begins At 62
A dream of many people is retirement. Many
farmers in Suwannee County have looked forward to
this dream and now find it a reality. Self-employ-
ment Social Security tax was authorized in 1955 by an
act of Congress.
According to the 1960 census, 14,855 people live
in Suwannee County. Of this figure, 1,268 persons
are now drawing Social Security benefits amounting
to $57,606.00 per month. This is an average of one
out of every 11 persons. Nationally, the figure is
about the same. Suwannee County has an estimated
7.8 percent of the county population over the age of
65 years. This compares favorably with Florida data,
which gives 11.2 percent of the population as being
over 65 years of age. It will be noted that Florida
ranks fourth of all states in percentage of aged.
Many benefits are derived as a result of the Old
Age Survivors Insurance Program. Some of the bene-
fits are: (1) Payment can be made now to both men
and women at a reduced rate at age 62. (2) The
number of people becoming eligible for benefits will
increase due to lowered work requirements and bet-
ter reporting by farmers, farm and domestic employ-
ers. (3) Disability payments to workers at any age
as well as survivor payments under the lowered work
requirements will add many prospective beneficiaries
to those already drawing.
Many farmers believe Social Security benefits
give the farmer the opportunity to do a lot in the way
of farm improvements that he could not do without
the assurance of a continued income if he became dis-
abled, died or just got too old to keep up with the
heavy farm work. Farmers are the only group of
self-employed covered by Social Security who can
convert a loss year into Social Security income credits
under the farm optional reporting provisions, or who
can raise their actual net profits from a minimum
amount to up to $1,200.00 based solely on farm pro-
ducts sold and without regard to expense. The Ex-
tension, Service wishes that all farm folks could be
made to realize the significance of Social Security as
income insurance.
According to Walter G. Kehoe, District Manager,
Social Security District Office, Valdosta, "More
farmers per capital understand the provisions of the
Social Security Program from Suwannee County than
any other county served by this district. They un-
derstand the program by virtue of the County Agent
starting an educational program immediately after
this program became law and have kept this on their
mind since."

Keeping A Well-Informed Public
Keeping the public informed of the many
changes in agriculture is a paramount job.
The local newspaper, the Suwannee Democrat
and Radio Station WNER provide a great ser-
vice to the people of this county. Their ser-
vices are unmatched anywhere. News releas-
es, spot announcements, news of local interest,
as well as about the many changes that are
taking place are always welcome by the news-
paper and radio station. Without this service
the farmers of this county would not be the
progressive, well diversified operators they


Mr. and Mrs. Groover C. Lee of O'Brien listen attentively
as County Agent Paul Crews explains some of the new chang-
es in the Social Security laws. Mr. and Mrs. Lee are now
drawing Social Security benefits monthly, in addition to
doing a small amount of farming.

Farm-To-Market Roads
Farm-to-market roads are scattered
throughout Suwannee County. These farm-to
market roads lead to Live Oak, the county
seat, and Branford. In practically all areas
of the county a majority of the farmers live
on a farm to market road or within 2 miles of
one. These roads have made life easier for the
farmers of the county as well as making it more
convenient for them to haul their produce to
the markets.

Suwannee County Civil Defense Director, E. W. Trussell,
explains organization of Civil Defense Activities at one of the
Community Improvement Club meetings.
Dissemination of Civil Defense information was selected
as the annual major goal of the Family Living Sub-committee
of the Suwannee County Rural Areas Development Council.
Special programs have been held and hundreds of bulle-
tins and circulars have been distributed on this important sub-
ject at community meetings, Suwannee County Fair, from Ex-
tension Agent's Office and through the school program.


Family Living

Family Living
Change Change Change! New and rapidly
changing patterns of living create many new problems
for modern day families in every phase of life.
The family-centered nature of Extension work
puts heavy demands on Extension Agents and Special-
ists to help solve ever-growing problems.
One of the major aims of Extension work "is to
help families use their own resources and the resour-
ces of science, education, government and society to
develop useful and satisfactory lives".
The Home Demonstration program has a respon-
sibility to all families needing and wanting help in
areas of family living. Home Demonstration work
today emphasizes information planned for special
audiences young homemakers, families of every
income level, homemakers who work away from
home, retired persons, and newcomers to the state.
Large numbers of Suwannee County homemak-
ers, both rural and city, employed outside their homes
are seeking more help in planning family budgets,

A group of Home Demonstration Officers plan programs
and activities for Suwannee County Home Demonstration
Left to right: Mrs. Louis Berry, Mrs. A. R. Murphy, Mrs.
R. L. Allbritton, Mrs. 0. 0. Lawson, Mrs. W. J. George, Mrs.
Jack Lord, Mrs. Raymond Jackson, Mrs. Morgan Miller,
Mrs. A. W. Ross, Jr. and Mrs. Charlie Hunter.


Volunteer adult leaders from each Home Demonstration
Club receive special training in subject matter and present
special programs locally.
Left to right: Mrs. O. B. Faircloth, Mrs. Winnie Hays, Mrs.
Snowden Lee, Mrs. R. L. Allbritton, Mrs. Harold Scott, Mrs.
O. C. Lanier, Mrs. Charlie Hunter, Mrs. M. E. Warren, Mrs.
Morgan Miller, Mrs. A. D. Chambers, Mrs. Jack Lord and Mrs.
Lizzie Clark (Visitor).

keeping accounts, and simplifying housekeeping
chores. Increased demands are being made for help
with meal planning, food preparation in less time,
and consumer information. Wise use of time, money,
and energy for good management of the home and
for the family's well-being is essential for all home-
makers in keeping pace with the 60's.
Guidance is needed in problems associated with
the increasing proportions of the very young and of
the elderly in the family group. Recreational needs
of families and individuals are important.
Educational programs are being offered through
Home Demonstration work to help families with pro-
blems in all phases of family living family econo-
mics, home management, buying, human relations,
foods & nutrition, clothing, housing, citizenship,
health, and safety programs. Much of the education-
al work is done through organized clubs, workshops
and special interest groups.

Lucky 'Leven Club Live. Oak,
Suwannee County entry in
State Dress Revue.

Pleasant Hill Club, McAlpin,
demonstrates her skill in

McAlpin Community 4-H Club
Suwannee County entry in
State Dress Revue.

Home Demonstration Clubs
In Suwannee County there are twelve organized
Home Demonstration Clubs: Antioch, Beulah, Dow-
ling Park, Happy Homemakers, Ladyland, New Har-
mony, Philadelphia, Pine Grove, Pleasant Hill, Rocky
Sink, Rosemary, and Wellborn. These groups meet
monthly and welcome new members or visitors.
One of the objectives of the Home Demonstra-
tion program is to help families develop good taste
in personal appearance and skill in the selection and
care of clothing.
Home Demonstration Club women and 4-H Club
girls in Suwannee County are learning how to buy and
alter, as well as to make clothes for themselves and
their families.
County Dress Revues give opportunities for shar-
ing such learning experiences as selecting fabrics and
styles, accessories, appearance, grooming and model-
The State Dress Revues in Tallahassee and
Gainesville highlight the Clothing program.
Two 4-H Club girls and two Home Demonstra-
tion members participate in these events each year.

"Suwannee River" aprons being stenciled at the Lady-
land Community Building.
Left to right: Mrs. Jack Lord, Mrs. Iris Singletary, Mrs.
Lillian Ross, Mrs. Charlie Hunter, Mrs. Louise McLain and
Mrs. Ruby Land.


Family Life Education:
The Suwannee County Home Demonstration Pro-
gram gave special emphasis to Family Life Education
in 1961. The following topics were studied: "Ages
and Stages of Families", "Live Long and Like It",
"Our Inner and Outer Selves", and "Guidance of our
Volunteer leaders were trained to assist with the
Family life Education Programs in local communities.
Family Life Education is an area of study con-
cerned with the total growth of individual members
of the family.
It is concerned with people at every age and
stage of life specific needs and jobs at each stage
as well as anticipating needs at the future stages.

Home Industries:
For several years the Philadelphia Home Demon-
stration Club has participated in the Annual Folk
Festival at the Stephen Foster Memorial. Many
handmade articles made by the club members are
offered for sale at the festival. The leading sales
item are colorful bonnets. The club uses these funds
mainly for the purpose of improving their Community
Club building and helping 4-H'ers with materials
needed for their projects.
Another well-known Home Demonstration Coun-
cil project is the "Suwannee River" apron. The fab-
ric is stenciled and made up by club members. This
is a money-making project for the individual as well
as the Council. To date approximately 500 aprons
have been made and sold.

Youth Development


I! ii fj1 fjII.i'


Youth Development
Skills, knowledge, and desirable attitudes learn-
ed in 4-H Club work carry over into adult life not only
in the field of agriculture and homemaking but in
other vocations. Four-H contributes to good citizen-
Nothing that Extension does is more important
than its work with the youth of Suwannee County.
Nearly 600 young boys and girls between the ages
of 10 and 21 are enrolled in 4-H Club work, the youth
phase of the Agricultural Extension Service Program.
Along with the local leaders, the Extension agents
provide the professional guidance.

From left to right are 10 of the 13 boys belonging to the
newly formed Florida, Sheriffs' Boys Ranch 4-H Club. They
are Wally Edwards, James Snow, Donald Lee, Bradford Hud-
son, Jerry Stacey, Casey Ballard, Mike Edwards, Jerry Wal-
lace, Bill Cowin and Lloyd de Gerald. On the right is Mr.
Clenny Beach, Farm Manager of the Ranch, adult leader for
the club. Not pictured are members Buddy McHenry, James
Gandy and Jerry Turner.

Florida Sheriffs' Boys Ranch 4-H Club--
A New Club For Suwannee County
The Florida Sheriffs' Boys Ranch organized a
4-H club in May, 1961 with 13 members. A great
amount of interest and enthusiasm on the part of the
boys led to the club's formation.
Mr. Clenny Beach, Farm Manager, and Mr.
Thomas Musgrove, Acting Administrator, of the ranch
were instrumental in the forming and organizing of
the club.
The ranch offers unlimited opportunities for the
boys to participate in 4-H Club work, especially in
animal-type projects; in fact, all of the boys are
taking at least one animal project. Most of the boys
are taking beef animals as projects while a few are
taking dairy animals and swine.
One of the first club projects was to build a shed
to house all of the boys' animals, with each boy hav-
ing a separate stall for his animal.
Giving the adult guidance is Beach, who was
elected by the members to be their adult leader.

Norm Protsman, owner of WNER radio station, supervises
Mary Ann Severance, Suwannee High School DCT trainee.
Lex Roberts, DCT instructor is at left. There are 10 boys and
8 girls and 17 businesses participating in this very worthwhile
program. A special Rural Development Committee assisted
the school in surveying the. businesses to instigate the pro-

.. ~\


Suwannee County's delegation to Annual Boys' 4-H Club
Short Course. From left to right they are: Jerry Cribbs, Ger-
ald Alford, Al Ross, Milton Paul Sumrell, George Haas and
Gene Box.

Gene Box An Outstanding Suwannee County
4-H Club Member
Gene Box, with five years experience in 4-H Club
work, has set an outstanding example for younger
members to follow.
Gene's 4-H work started simply but with much
enthusiasm when he began his first project in garden-
ing. The next year it increased to a steer project as

well as another gardening project. As the years have
unfolded, Gene has satisfactorily completed many
projects. Last year, he completed projects in junior
leadership, corn, gardening, soil and water conserva-
tion and safety.
Projects alone have not been his only accomplish-
ments. Through the years he has become an out-
standing public speaker, having won the county con-
test twice, and the district contest once.

Gene has been selected to attend Boys' 4-H Short
Course for the last three years and has served as a
delegate at the state council meetings.
The Live Oak Boys' 4-H Club member have elec-
ted him as their secretary once, Vice President once
and President twice.
Land judging has been of great interest to Gene
and he has made a fine contribution to the team,
placing first at two county events and being named
high scoring individual in the otate Land j urging Con-
test in 1960. He was a member of the second and
fifth place teams in the btate Contest in 1960 and
1961. Gene is also a member of the Livestock Judg-
ing team.
Gene has attended Wildlife Camp and County
Camp. He placed third in the story writing contest
and sixth in the target firing contest at Wildlife
Numerous other awards have been presented to
Gene. These include the State Fair Award, Suwannee
County 4-H King Award and the Daniorth Founda-
tion Award.
Gene is presently being considered for a state
award in achievement.
Certainly this youth has done much for 4-H
Club work in his community, county and state and im-
portant also is the fact that, through 4-H Club work,
he has developed himself as a better citizen and lead-

Four-H Camp Is Highlight Of Summer Season
"We might say that camp is a 'place'. We would
covet for every camper green woods, lakes, bird calls,
quiet sunset that his young heart may be warmly
aware of a Creator who has made all things beautiful
in their time. But camp is more than a place . .
"We might say that camp is a plan. We would
covet for every camper a program which ... at every
step, fits his interests and abilities, which is not too
crowded for comfort, yet which abounds in oppor-
tunities for zestful endeavor all through each day.
Yet camp is more than a plan ...
"Camp is what happens to the campers what
they take home with them in their memories, in their
new purposes, in their improved or newly acquired
skills, in their friendships, in their appreciations, in
their awareness of God and His way for the world,
That's what camp is."
International Council of
Religious Education

_- .- -.--'

Campers taking a refreshing dip during one of swimming
periods at 4-H Camp.

Flag lowering, an important phase of camp life.
Camp is as old as the human race. To the Indian
or the pioneer, camping meant primitive living under
the open sky. To the camper of today, camping
means simplified living. Camp is a creative, educa-
tional experience in cooperative group living in the
out-of-doors. It utilizes the resources of the natural
surroundings to contribute significantly to physical,
mental, spiritual and social growth.
In August, 1961, 18 boys and 14 girls from Su-
wannee County attended 4-H Camp at Cherry Lake
north of Madison. Classes in swimming, recreation,
crafts and parliamentary procedure were offered.
Special activities included a treasure hunt, skit and
talent night, family night, candlelighting ceremony
and organized sports.
Awards were presented to the best boy and girl
cabins, best boy and girl squad leader and best boy
and girl campers. Janice Eubanks of Live Oak w.as
voted Best Girl Camper.
Girls attending were Janice Eubanks, Letrell
Ezell, Ann Garrison, Joyce Tipton, Becky White,
Glenda Haas, Conna Johnson, Phyllis Howland, Linda
Gill, Joyce Shivers, Claudia McDonald, Carolyn Scar-
borough, Marilyn Saunders and Faye Hayes.
Boys attending were Jeffrey Poole, John Odom,
Kiah Eubanks, Jimmy Fletcher, Aubrey Goff, Thelton
Goff, Burton Fletcher, John Haas, Alan McCall,
Gene Box, Lynwood Tipton, Mervin Libby, Allen Gut-
shall, Casey Ballard, Bradford Hudson, James Snow,
Jerry Turner and Jimmy Prevatt.

In preparation for the various steer shows. James Pace,
right, Extension Animal Husbandman, presents a showing
and grooming demonstration for 4-H and FFA boys with steer

Four-H Beef Projects Can Be Much Value
Many Years From Now As Well As Today
What will a boy be when he grows up? Will he
be a doctor, businessman, engineer, farmer or ranch-
er? Thinking about the future is important but pre-
paring one's self for tomorrow is much more import-
ant. Regardless of what work a person might en-
counter in the future, a beef project will benefit the
individual in later life.
To begin with, feeding and fitting a beef calf is
fun. The boy sees his animal grow from a little fel-
low into a beautiful, fat prime steer. He enjoys, too,
the pride of good, clean competition at fairs and
shows. He learns to fit, manage and select beef cat-
tle; for right from the start he will associate with
cattlemen and other men interested in livestock. They
will help teach him the correct methods of procuring,
raising and selling . lessons that will be of value to
him while he is young as well as when he is older
and in business for himself.
The 4-H boy will also gain knowledge in how to
conduct a business through credit arrangement and
record keeping.




John Odom, Live Oak 4-H Club member, is shown above
left with his 1270 pound Angus steer which was named Grand
Champion Steer at the North Florida Livestock Show and
Sale. The steer was sold to A. D. Reams of Greenville for 91
cents per pound. John's calf was born and raised in Suwan-
nee County.

At show time, he will know the thrill that stems
from competition when he exhibits his animal against
those of his friends. It is one of the best lessons in
fair play and sportsmanship that he can learn. If he
wins a ribbon or possibly a championship, it will be a
rewarding experience that will become one of his
fondest memories in later years.
More than these valuable lessons that will be of
benefit to him whatever his future endeavor, he learns
the way of life of an American stockman. He will prob-
ably find, as perhaps his father has, that there is no
greater livelihood than that of a cattleman .. and no
greater satisfaction and security than that of the cat-
tle breeder . for history has shown, a man with a
cow herd is really never broke.

Four-H members try with much enthusiasm to catch a
wild calf in the Rotary Club sponsored calf scramble in order
to win a dairy heifer.

Rotary Club Sponsored Calf Scramble Is Key
To Success Of County 4-H Dairy Program
Five Suwannee County 4-H boys were awarded
dairy heifer calves for their participation in the Sixth
Annual Rotary Club 4-H Club Calf Scramble held
in conjunction with the County Fair October 21, 1960.
Four-H boys winning dairy heifer calves in the scram-
ble were Gene Box, Danny Boatright, Lynwood Tip-
ton, John Haas and Bill Cannon.
The 4-H Calf Scramble is a project sponsored
by the Live Oak Rotary Club and was first initiated
in 1955. Since that time, approximately 60 4-H boys
and 7 4-H girls have received dairy heifer calves for
projects throughout this program. In 1958, a scram-
ble was sponsored for the girls.
Four-H members are selected to participate in
this scramble based on their past 4-H record and how
well they have supported and participated in the
County 4-H Program. Boys selected are given an
opportunity to catch wild calves, penned up in an
arena at the fair grounds. If they are successful in
catching a wild calf and dragging it across the finish
line, they are awarded a young dairy heifer calf. Win-
ners raise their calves under the direction of the As-
sistant County Agent and show them in the next year's
County 4-H Dairy Show. The 1958 scramble featured
the girls scrambling for wild game chickens.
The initial purpose of the Rotary Club 4-H Calf
Scramble was to increase interest in the County 4-H
Diiify Pfogram. It also serves as a backlog of dairy
animals for the next year's dairy show. The project
has been very successful in this respect as demonstrat-
ed by the 1960 County Dairy Show. Thirty 4-H mem-
bers exhibited 33 dairy animals. Of the 30 exhibitors,
12 were former winners in Rotary Club Calf Scram-
bles, which speaks very favorably of the success of
the project.
Not only has this program served to create more
interest in the County Dairy Show but has also tended
to improve the quality of both the county and district
shows. This is evident since Suwannee County has
won both the 1959 and 1960 District Dairy Shows.
Many of the members winning calves in the scramble
are beginning to realize a profit from their success.
Some of the members have bred their scramble ani-
mals and either sold them or their calves and pur-
chased registered heifers.
George Harmony, Vice President of the First Na-
tional Bank and active in the Rotary Club, has been

in charge of the calf scramble activities since the be-
ginning of the project. His efforts in this connec-
tion have been instrumental in the success of the
program. The purchase of the animals awarded this
year was arranged by Mr. Ed Butler, Manager of
Suwannee Valley Electric Cooperative. The success
of this project becomes more pronounced each year
and is a very good example of a successful civic pro-

Suwannee County Wins District 4-H
Dairy Show
Suwannee County 4-H dairy animals topped the
District IV 4-H Dairy Show at the County Fair held
in October, 1960. Four-H members whose animals
composed the county group included Patricia Cribbs,
Kathy Bispham, Bebo Bispham, George Haas and
Gary Preston. They were selected in county com-
petition the previous day.
The counties represented in the 4-H District in-
clude Suwannee, Lafayette, Hamilton, Union, Colum-
bia and Dixie. Each county selects 5 4-H members
to compete as a team in the district event based on the
results of the various county dairy shows. The coun-
ty teams compete for the best composite score in the
district show based on animal type, showmanship,
fitting of animal and project record book. Not only
did the Suwannee group win the contest, but placed
1 through 5 as individuals.

Livestock Shows Attract Boys With
Beef Animals
Suwannee County boys have shown livestock at
the following fairs: Suwannee County Fair, South-
eastern Fat Stock Show, Florida State Fair at Tampa,
North Florida Livestock Show and Sale, West Florida
Livestock Show and Sale and Suwannee Valley steer
Show. Those exhibiting animals in 1960-61 include
John Odom, Stanley Saunders, Sid Allen III and
Ralph Denton.

Pictured from left to right are Suwannee County 4-H
members who exhibited dairy animals at the State Dairy Show
at Orlando in February 1961: Bebo Bispham, Corky Bispham,
Lewis Ward, Renee Preston, and Danny Boatright. Not pic-
tured is Kathy Bispham. Of the 10 Suwannee County animals
exhibited, 6 placed in the blue ribbon group, 3 in the red rib-
bon group and 1 in the white ribbon group. A group of 4
Guernseys exhibited by Suwannee County 4-H'ers placed 4th
in county group competition.


Patricia Cribbs and Lewis Ward. Suwannee County 4-H'ers
received the State Dairy Efficiency Award from George Har-
mony, member of the Live Oak Rotary Club. Miss Cribbs and
Ward received the award in behalf of all Suwannee County
4-H'ers with dairy projects. The Rotary Club has been an
integral part in the success of the dairy program by sponsor-
ing the annual calf scramble.

County Wins State 4-H Dairy Award
Suwannee County was honored to win the cov-
eted Dairy Efficiency Award for 1960. The award
was presented to Suwannee County by the National
Dairy Products Corporation for efficient production
and superior achievement in 4-H dairying. An-
nouncement of the award was made at the State 4-H
Dairy Show held in Orlando in February.

Livestock Judging Team Enters Four Contests
The Livestock Judging Team, composed of Jim
Cundiff, Ronnie Ward, Jerry Cribbs, John Odom, and
Gene Box, entered four judging contests this year.
The team judged at the Southwestern Fat Stock
Show and Sale, the Florida State Fair, Northwestern
Fat Stock Show and Sale, and the Suwannee Valley
Steer Show. The team placed first in the contest held
at the Suwannee Valley Steer Show with the remark-
able score of 427 out of a possible 450 points.

Four-H Electric Program Offers Many
Opportunities To 4-H Boys And Girls
The 4-H electric program offers many opportuni-
ties to 4-H boys and girls. It is designed to train 4-H'-
ers in the safe, economical application of electricity.
Four-H members who live on farms and those who live
in town will find that electricity can help to save time
and work and in many cases to save money and in-
crease profits. It can help to do away with drudgery
and make life more pleasant.
Everybody is using more electricity, regardless
of whether he lives on a farm, in the suburbs or in the
city. Likewise, more 4-H Club members every year
are enrolling in the 4-H electric program.
Electricity plays an important role in making
living more comfortable and farming more productive.
Almost every phase of our everyday living is in some
way affected by electricity.

fssfsws g.."--mr-g. .. "..%a-^... .^SS9.4.S
A group of Suwannee County 4-H boys enrolled in the
electricity project receive instruction from A. M. Pettis, As-
sociate Agricultural Engineer.

McAlpin 4-H Club Wins State Cooperative
Awards Contest
The McAlpin 4-H Club was named winner in the
Annual Cooperative Awards Contest held in May,
1961. The contest was administered by the Agricul-
tural Extension Service and was sponsored by the Flo-
rida Council of Farmer Cooperatives, Cotton Pro-
ducers Association and other interested agencies.
Winning the state award began a number of
years ago when the club first entered the contest. They
have placed high in the competition all through the
years, placing third in 1959 and second in 1960. The
club took part in many activities during the year and
were judged on at least 9 different points.
They participated in many club projects in which
all members worked together to earn more money as
individuals as well as money which the group could
use for some worthwhile purpose. They cooperated
with schools, church and community organizations
and presented the program at several PTA meetings.
They attended farmer meetings as a group, such as
the Farm Bureau. The club members cooperated with
farmer business organizations and appeared on sev-
eral Rotary and Kiwanis Club Programs. Several
tours were made to businesses and agencies serving
farmers to find out how they were organized and op-
erated. The club also participated in many social
and recreational programs and cooperated with many
other youth clubs, and in so doing learned more about
their organizations and how they could help one an-
other. To tell the story of their many and varied ac-
tivities, they put together a scrapbook including a
picture album and newspaper clippings.

One of the things which makes the electric pro-
gram appealing is the fact that it permits a wide var-
iety of activities. These can be selected by individual
club members according to their interests.
The electric program cuts across most other pro-
jects. The knowledge obtained in the electric pro-
gram can be applied almost universally for in-
stance in clothing or frozen food programs, pri-
marily all equipment is electrical; electrical milking
machines are-important in a dairy project; know-
ledge of electricity and electrical equipment is impor-
tant to home improvement and home economics; elec-
trical know how and the safety project fit hand in
hand. And so across the board electricity is an im-
portant factor throughout most all 4-H projects.
The electric program includes a reading lamp
contest which adds a great deal of interest and en-


farmer cooperatives. One of the highlights was the
keynote speech by Secretary of Agriculture Orville
Freeman who made the profound statement to more
than 3,000 delegates that "The greatest threat to Am-
erican farmers is not low prices but the threat to free-
dom and peace of the world."
Each member of the McAlpin delegation partici-
pated on youth panels discussing the subjects, "The
Future of Cooperatives in My Community" and "Op-
portunities for Future Leadership in Cooperatives."
Also while attending the conference, the youth dele-
gates were conducted on tours of various coopera-
tives in and around the cities of Minneapolis and St.
Paul and visited farms where the farmers participa-
ted largely in cooperative organizations.
While traveling to and from the conference, the
McAlpin group stopped at many points of interest
such as the Smoky Mountains, Cumberland Moun-
tains, Cumberland Falls, the Wisconsin Dells, Wonder
Cave in Tennessee and Rock City in Chattanooga.
The trip left a lasting impression on all of those
attending and they greatly benefited from the experi-
This group attended the recent sessions of the American ence and came home with many new ideas and ways
Institute of Cooperation in Minneapolis, Minnesota as repre- in which to better serve their club, community and
sentatives of the state winning club, the McAlpin 4-H Club.
The club won the trip in having been named Florida winners state.
in the annual Cooperative Awards contest.
Pictured from left to right, front row, are Merle Palmer,
Assistant County Agent; Mrs. Palmer, Mrs. Pete Vann, local
leader; Tina Fletcher, Renda Prevatt, Cookie Haas and Susan
Haas, second row, Harry Vann, George Haas and Randy Scho- -H;YEKUi n L
For being named District IV winners in the con- -VVJ
test, the club was presented $100.00 by the Cotton
Producers Association. The Florida Council of Far-
mer Cooperatives presented the club $500.00 as state
winners. This money was used to take a representa-
tive group of 4-H Club members from the McAlpin
Club to Minneapolis, Minnesota to attend the annual
meeting of the American Institute of Cooperation.
The trip took the group through 9 states and
covered more than 3,200 miles. Many outstanding
speakers at the conference challenged the youth to
become better leaders. They were inspired with the
idea that in becoming better leaders they could better -.-
serve their community, their county and state through

Pictured above are several 4-H members participating in
the Sears and Roebuck sponsored Poultry Show as they ex-
hibit their pullets.

Four-H Poultry Project Sponsored By
Sears And Roebuck Foundation
The Sears Roebuck Foundation made funds
S _available in 1945 to sponsor a special poultry project
for 4-H members in 10 counties in Florida. Since then
7-. this special project has been made available to other
counties, including Suwannee County. A revolving
fund has been set up in Suwannee County by the Sears
Foundation to be used for the purchase of 100 chicks
for each of 10 4-H Club members.
Chicks are purchased during the spring months
from any source desired. A minimum and maximum
George Haas, McAlpin 4-H Club member, receives con-
gratulations and a scholarship award from the Secretary of of 10 4-H Club members in the county may partici-
the American Institute of Cooperation. Haas was selected as pate in the program. The responsibilities of 4-H
one of the winners of the American Institute of Cooperation Club members are to raise the chicks according to the
$50.i0 scholarship awards for excellence in cooperative farm recommended instructions of the county and home
business activities for Florida. recommended instructions of the county and home
The A. I. C. scholarship award is designed to encourage demonstration agents and to exhibit 10 select pullets
study and participation in farm business activities in the 4-H and a 4-H poultry record book at the County Poultry
member's home area. Haas received the award while attend- Show held in conjunction with the Suwannee County
ing the A. I. C. meeting held in Minneapolis, Minnesota in
August, 1961. Fair.

.Land Judging Promotes Better Understanding
Of Soils And Their Use
Land appreciation schools and judging contests
S, are designed to promote a better understanding of
k "soils and their better use. These activities can spark
4A ..interest and provide incentive to study an otherwise
-. dull, dry subject. An understanding of soil charac-
teristics provides the only basis for determining pro-
per land use and selecting the management practices
necessary for the most efficient sustained produc-
kU tion.
It takes years of training and experience to be-
come a soil scientist. It does not take an expert, how-
.) .ever, to identify and appreciate major soil problems
and learn to manage soils better.
Anyone dealing with land, buying, renting or
managing it; profits by knowing something about
the soil. Few people will buy a car without some in-
vestigation such as kicking the tires, honking the horn
or lifting the hood. "Lifting the hood" of the soil
will reveal much more than the number of cylinders.
A guided peek underground will show why soils re-
spond differently even though treated similarly.
In land judging, a contestant must be able to de-
termine surface texture, organic matter, thickness of
soil, movement of air and water in the soil, slope,
S.erosion and drainage. They must decide what fac-
( tors determine the land class and put it into a land
iuse capability class. They must select conservation
practices such as vegetative, mechanical and fertilizer
and soil amendments which would need to be used
on the land to conserve the soil and maintain or im-
prove productivity.

Mary Paulk with her Poultry project.
The pullets compete for cash prizes. These are
used to help pay for the chicks purchased in the
spring. The exhibitors and their entries are judged
on the percent of chicks raised, the record book and
the exhibit of the pullets.
This year 10 Suwannee County 4-H members re-
ceived 100 New Hampshire Red chicks which were
purchased through the Mizell Produce Company of
Live Oak. 4-H members receiving chicks were Mary
Paulk, Bonnie Clark, John Haas, Jerry Floyd, Shirley
Foster, Ronnie Collis, Johnny Bailey, Gerald Alford,
David Paulk and Delton Kilpatrick.

A contestant in the. Tactor Operators Contest takes his
turn at driving through the course.

Tractor Care Program Stresses "Better Care,
Not Repair"
The 4-H tractor care project is one of the most
popular of all projects available to boys. Approxi-
mately 50 youths participated in this important and
interesting project last year.
The tractor maintenance program was started
in 1944. Its purpose was to give an opportunity to
"learn by doing." Leaders are expected to teach the
Pictured above are members of the Suwannee County young people that better tractor care results in long-
Land Judging Team which placed second in the state contest
in 1960 and fifth in 1961. From left to right they are Hural er tractor life, more power and lower operating costs.
Davis, Gerald Alford, Merle Palmer, Assistant County Agent; In learning to do many small but important tractor
Jerry Cribbs, Gene Box and Lewis Ward. maintenance jobs, members get greater production
Gene Box was the high individual scorer in the state con- d cut down on costly break-
test in 1960 and also high individual in the county contest in from farm power units an cut own on costly reak-
1961. downs.

i --
A Suwannee County 4-H youth receives instruction from
state -agricultiral' engineering personnel on tractor mainten-
Even more important than tractor care is the
4-H goal of helping the individual become a sound
thinking citizen. The training they receive in the
tractor care program is very beneficial to those that
will someday take on the job of running the farm.
The tractor program is divided into 4 parts or
units, with the beginner starting on the A unit and
working up through the D unit. The A and B units
are on the care of the tractor and power equipment.
The C unit covers tractor service and cost records and
the D unit is concerned with the adjustment and care
of farm machinery.
A very important phase of the tractor program
is the Tractor Operators Contest held in the spring
of the year. Boys taking tractor care as a project
participate in a county contest. Winners of the coun-
ty enter the district contest and the district winners
compete in the state contest.


In A .J

This year 14 boys, ranging in ages from 11
through 17, participated in the contest, which was
divided into a junior and senior division. The con-
test is divided into 5 parts, including a written exam-
ination, a practical phase in which contestants list
maintenance defects on a tractor, tractor safety, and
operation of the tractor which is divided into a 2
wheel and 4 wheel trailer event.
Placing first this year in the senior division was
Hural Davis, second was Gerald Alford and third was
Jerry Fletcher. In the junior division, first place
went to Willard Sumner, second to John Haas and
third to Govan Knight. Others participating included
Allen Gutshall, Leamon Denton, Lynwood Tipton,
Glynn Bush, Ervin Cribbs, Alan McCall, Mervin Lib-
by and Jimmy Potter.

Annual Suwannee County 4-H Rally Is One
Of Most Popular County Events
The 4-H Rally program held each year is one of
the highlights of the 4-H program. Competition be-
tween the clubs becomes very keen as the time nears
for the announcement of the new King and Queen,
Prince and Princess, who are selected based on their
4-H accomplishments during the past year.
The program also includes several skits put on
by different clubs, and this year included a report by
Tina Fletcher on her trip to National 4-H Club Con-
gress and Gene Box's District IV winning speech.
Skits were presented by the Lucky Clover Club, Beu-
lah Community Club, Live Oak Boys' Club, and the
Lucky 'Leven Club. 4-H Service Awards were pre-
sented to Mr. Jack Bispham and Mrs. Winnie Hayes.
King and Queen and Prince and Princess candi-
dates and the clubs they represented in the contest
are as follows:
Marsha Bird, John Odom .................. Suwannee 7th
Betty Jo Cannon, Ervin Cribbs ......... Suwannee 8th
Shirley Foster, Thomas Hogan .................. Wellborn
Glenda Haas, John Haas .................. McAlpin School
Jean Grady, Ralph Denton .............. Clayland School
Renda Prevatt, Jerry Fletcher .. McAlpin Community
Nancy Boatright, Lewis Ward ........... Lucky Clover
Edith Lee, Jerry Cribbs .................................. Beulah
Virginia Padgett, Stanley Shaw ................. Antioch
LeTrell Ezell, Gene Box ............................ Live Oak
Carolyn Scarborough, Jerry Scarborough .. Branford


X '

a "r

Miss Nancy Boatright and Gene Box, seated, were named
Queen and King, respectively of Suwannee County 4-H Club
members at the annual 4-H Club Rally Program held in May.
Miss Boatright is a member of the Lucky Clover 4-H Club and
Box is a member of the Live Oak Boys' Club.
Standing from left to right are Mr. A. P. Nott, who pre-
sented the award to the new Queen on behalf of the First Na-
tional Bank; Glenda Haas, who was named 1961 Princess;
Dorothy Long, last year's Queen; Jimmie Ellis, last year's
Kinp" John Odom, named 1961 Prince; and John Adicks, who
presented the award to the King on behalf of the Commercial
Bank. Mr. LaVoye Boggus, who presented awards to the
Prince and Princess for the Live Oak Jewelry, is not pictured.

IL -___ -
Left to right: Gene Box, Vice-President, Boys' County
Council; Janice Eubanks, President, Girls' County Council;
Jerry Fletcher, President, Boys' County Council and Hural
Davis, Secretary.
Absent were: Joyce Tipton, Becky White, Kathy Bispham
and Milton Paul Sumrell.

?, I

Wins State 4-H Lamp Contest
David Thompson, Suwannee County 4-H'er, receives con-
gratulations on his prize winning reading lamp from Merle
Palmer, Assistant County Agent, and Donald Adams, Florida
Power and Light Company, Palatka. Thompson won first
place in the State 4-H Boys' Reading Lamp Program and was
presented with a portable phonograph.

Boys' 4-H Short Course
Each year several outstanding 4-H Club boys are
selected to attend Annual Boys' 4-H Club Short Course
held at the University of Florida in Gainesville. The
Suwannee County delegation made up of Gene Box,
Jerry Cribbs, David Thompson and Bebo Bispham
attended this event in June along with 400 other boys
from throughout the state.
Those attending the Short Course enjoyed a week
of instruction, entertainment, recreation and contests.
Gene Box and Jerry Cribbs represented Suwannee
County at the State Boys' 4-H Council which was in
session during the Short Course. The contests con-
ducted at Short Course included the State Dairy
Judging Contest, Tractor Operators Contest, Public
Speaking Contest and Lamp Making Contest. David
Thompson from Wellborn had entered his lamp in
the contest after being named County and District IV
winner. His lamp was judged the top lamp in the
state and he was presented a portable phonograph.
The delegates attending the course had an oppor-
tunity to choose from subjects such as agronomy, elec-
tricity, apiculture, animal husbandry, dairying, poul-
try, forestry, citrus, ornamentals and junior leader-
ship. Daily assemblies were devoted to talks by lead-
ers in agriculture and education such as J. Wayne
Reitz, President of the University of Florida.
Part of each day was set aside for swimming and
other recreational activities. Housing for the boys
was provided in the student dormitories and the meals
were served in the University cafeteria.

All of the delegates attending had achieved cer-
tain objectives in their local County 4-H Club Pro-
gram to qualify for attendance. Short Course offers
an opportunity for our local boys to meet and associ-
ate with some of the more outstanding 4-H boys from
all over the State of Florida. It also gives them an
opportunity to become acquainted with the University
of Florida.

Suwannee County has had a State Of-
ficer in the State Girls' 4-H Council for the
past two years. Renda Prevatt, McAlpin
Community Club, serving as Corresponding
Secretary during 1960-61. Janice Eubanks,
Live Oak, was elected in June as the 1961-62
State Girls' 4-H Treasurer.

Youth Development
For more than fifty years 4-H Club work has
been organized to develop our young people. Presently
there .are 25 organized 4-H Clubs in Suwannee Coun-
ty with a total membership of over 500.
The primary aim of Extension work with young
people is to provide opportunities for mental, physic-
al, social and spiritual growth. 4-H is a practical, in-
formal, primarily out-of-classroom educational pro-
gram, built around the principle of "learning by do-
ing". These are some of the things boys and girls do
as part of 4-H Club work:
PROJECT WORK They learn and accept re-
sponsibility as a result of their work with agricultur-
al and home economics projects.
DEMONSTRATION Members develop poise
and confidence in preparing and presenting demon-
strations to others.
JUDGING They learn to make decisions and
develop good judgment.
GROUP ACTION They learn how to work to-
gether cooperatively as a group.
COMMUNITY SERVICE 4-H members con-
duct useful service projects for the benefit of the
community, and develop a sense of responsibility as
a citizen.

Pictured above are Suwannee County 4-H'ers who parti-
cipated in the Sears Poultry Project as they pick up their baby
chicks from Mizell Produce Company.

cipation in events such as Rally Day, County and Dis-
trict Demonstration Days, Camping, Rural Life Sun-
day, and Short Courses, 4-H members are given oppor-
tunities for leadership development and personal
RECREATION 4-H members learn to enjoy
life, self, and association with others in wholesome
social activities and events.
Each 4-H Club elects a President and Council
Delegate to the County Council. The Council helps
Suwannee County 4-H members plan and carry out
their 4-H program. Two representatives from the
Council go to Tallahassee and Gainesville to represent
the entire county on the State 4-H Council. Janice Eu-
banks, President and Kathy Bispham, Council Dele-
gate, represented Suwannee County. Jerry Cribbs and
Gene Box represented Suwannee County on the Boys'
4-H County Council.
Volunteer 4-H Adult Leaders are a vital part of
the County 4-H Program. Their work is most impor-
tant. They are helping to develop Suwannee County's
young people into successful and useful citizens of
tomorrow. 4-H Local leaders are: Mr. and Mrs. Fred
Haas, McAlpin; Aubrey Jones and Mrs. John Willis,
Antioch; Mrs. Winnie Hays, Clayland; Mrs. E. D.
Cribbs, Herbert Jordan and Mrs. Snowden Lee, Beu-
lah; Mrs. Ruby Smith, Branford; Mrs. Aubrey Ward
and Mrs. J. 0. Knight, Philadelphia; Mrs. Evelyn Wil-
liams, Wellborn; Mrs. A. J. Gude, Live Oak; and Mrs.
Pete Vann, 4-H County Chairman.
Annual 4-H Short Course is a long-awaited ex-
perience for a limited number of Senior 4-H'ers. Last
year eight Suwannee County girls attended Short
Course for one week at Florida State University. Par-
ticipation in classes, listening to outstanding speakers,
and sharing talents with others are just a few of the
experiences offered at 4-H Short Course. Attending
this past year were: Kathy Bispham, Janice Eubanks,
Nancy Boatright, LeTrell Ezell, Tina Fletcher, Ann
Garrison, Susan Haas and Renda Prevatt.
During 1960 Short Course scholarships were con-
tributed by the Board of County Commissioners, Farm
Bureau, North Florida Telephone Company, Lady-
land Home Demonstration Club, Wellborn Home
Demonstration Club, New Harmony Home Demon-
stration Club, Antioch Home Demonstration Club,
Philadelphia Home Demonstration Club, Dowling
Park Home Demonstration Club, Suwannee County
Home Demonstration Council, and the Pleasant Hill
Home Demonstration Club.

Frank T. Stewart, Social Security Administration, Val-
dosta, Ga. discussing social security to the DCT class at Su-
wannee High School. Chart shows that 9 out of 10 people
are covered by social security. Lex Roberts, standing at left,
is the DOT instructor supervising the program.

$4A .

Bill Cannon, Live Oak 4-H Club member, is shown above
with his 185 pound Duroc barrow which won Grand Champion
Barrow honors at the North Florida, Livestock Show and Sale
in Madison. The barrow was sold to Copeland Sausage Co.
for 57 cent per pound.

Suwannee County 4-H'ers Work Hard At
Selecting, Fitting And Showing Swine
As with all 4-H projects, the care and showing of
swine requires a great deal of work. Those taking
swine as a project recognize that if they are to have
grand champion animals they must start first with
quality animals. They must select their feeds care-
fully and work continuously with their animals in or-
der to get the most out of their work.

Approximately 35 boys have enrolled in the Suwannee
County Junior Rifle Club and received instruction on proper
use and safety.
Above a group is shown getting practice with the 22 rifle.
The project was instigated by the Youth and Recreation
Sub-committee of the Suwannee County Rural Areas Deve-
lopment Council.
Sheriff Hugh Lewis agreed to accept responsibility of in-
vestigating the possibilities and through his efforts a $2,500
range has been erected by donations of material and labor.
The Sheriff's Department, along with all volunteers in
performing a wonderful service to the youth of Suwannee
County by providing this worthwhile instruction.

Personal Development:
Tina Fletcher
To become a better leader,
to be a useful citizen,
to develop personally-
these goals tell the 4-H story of Tina Fletcher, Mc-
Alpin. Tina is the daughter of Rudolph Fletcher, a
graduate of Suwannee High School, and an outstand- ,
ing 4-H member for nine years.
"Learning by. doing" has been a realistic experi-
ence for Tina. She has completed approximately 28
projects in a variety of areas including Food and Nu-
trition, Home Improvement, Poultry, Canning, Frozen
Foods, Public Speaking, and Clothing.
One of her 4-H highlights was being named
State winner in Foods and Nutrition. For this Tina
received a trip to National 4-H Club Congress in
It is Tina's wish "that every American youth
could share with her the many joys and satisfaction
obtained through 4-H club participation."

: Janice Eubanks
4-H has always been part of the home environ-
ment for Janice Eubanks. Seventeen year-old Janice
is a senior and the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Floyd
Eubanks, Live Oak.
Leadership opportunities are not new for Janice.
She has held every office in her local club. Currently
she is President of the Lucky 'Leven Club and Presi-
dent of the Girls' 4-H County Council.
Last June a dream came true for Janice when
she was elected to serve as State Treasurer on the
State Girls' 4-H Council.
Janice has acquired many homemaking skills
through her 4-H projects. Clothing is her favorite
and now she is able to make most of her own clothes.
As for the way she feels about 4-H, Janice has
expressed it in this way: "I consider all these experi-
ences extremely valuable and I know that they are
'-helping to shape my future and will influence the type
home that I will have".

Renda Prevatt
"To make the Best Better" has been a real chal-
lenge in the life of Renda Prevatt. Renda is the third
4-H'er in the V. W. Prevatt family of McAlpin. En-
couragement and cooperation from her parents, plus
a personal desire to learn and serve, have greatly at-
tributed to Renda's 4-H success.
According to her parents Renda has been more
helpful to her family by being a member of 4-H be-
cause she has become a better person with whom to
live. Also, she has taken on more responsibilities and
has enjoyed doing things to help others.
Renda has the distinction of having served last
year as the Corresponding Secretary on the State
Girls' 4-H Council. She has been a leader in her local
club for many years. Recently she attended the Am-
erican Institute of Cooperation with her club, the
McAlpin Community 4-H Club, were state winners.
4-H has helped Renda to develop poise, leader-
ship, dependability, and has successfully molded her
life so that she will be a better citizen of tomorrow.

Leadership Development

Leadership Development
In a republic or representative democracy such
as the United States of America, progress is directly
related to the quality of leadership developed among
its citizenry. Able leadership has never been more
important than it is in this world today.
Rural America, and Suwannee County in particu-
lar, has always contributed its share of leaders -
local, state, and national. The self-reliance, initiative
and resourcefulness which are characteristics of farm-
ing and rural living provide the basis of good leader-
ship development.
One of the real strengths of the Extension Ser-
vice is the effective use of lay leaders, both adults and
youth, to help carry on its educational programs.
Since its inception, Extension has promoted training
and practical experience in leadership among the

people it serves. The volunteer leaders are recruited
from among farmers, homemakers, rural youth, and
other cooperating citizens.
One of the main objectives of the Suwannee
County Extension program is the development of lay
leadership. Many opportunities are provided for
both adults and youth to assume leadership responsi-
bilities. County Council meetings, regular leadership
training meetings, Short Courses for adult and junior
leaders at the Universities these experiences pro-
vide opportunities to SERVE and LEAD.
The president and one elected delegate from
each of the twelve clubs form the Suwannee County
Home Demonstration Council. From these twenty-
four delegates the Executive Officers are elected.
The Council provides leadership opportunities
and gives each club a part in planning and carrying
out programs and activities.

The Rural Development Agricultural Committee is composed of, from left to right, Dick
Lundy N. J. Bispham, John Hampton, Don Bowen, Monroe Boatright, Jack Jones, L. B. Roberson,
Norm Protsman, Gerald Gamble and Melvin Boswell. Not pictured is County Agent Paul Crews
who serves as Chairman of the Agricultural Committee. The above group of farmers discuss pro-
blems around the large, table and have been very instrumental in working toward correcting some
of the many problems that exist in the county. They have carried on many worthwhile projects
in recent years.

Suwannee County's Outstanding Young Farmer leaders
are shown above. T. J. Fletcher, Jr. of O'Brien was selected
third place state winner in 1959. N. J. Bispham placed third
in the state contest in 1960. Lamar Jenkins received state
honors for 1961.
Outstanding Young Farmers
Often we hear the question asked, "Where is the
future leadership for our country coming from?"
This question has never bothered some people in Su-
wannee County because it is realized that ample lead-
ership is provided through farmers and other agri-
culturally interested citizens of the county.
For the past 3 years the County Agent has work-
ed with committees from the Junior Chamber of Com-
merce, the Suwannee County Farm Bureau and other
agencies in selecting an outstanding young farmer of
the year. During these past 3 years, applicants have
been selected and have placed in the top places in the
state contest.
As a result of Suwannee County's active partici-
pation in this program and their applicants receiving
high state placings, the County Agent in Suwannee
County was selected to act as State Chairman of the
Outstanding Young Farmer Awards Program.

i -

Left to right seated are Chairman, Mrs. Fred Haas and
Mrs. Sara Rogers. Standing are Loran Terry, Ed Butler, Sec-
retary; Rev. Travis Carter, Vice Chairman; and Thomas Mus-
grove. Not shown is Johnnie Jenkins.
This group conducts the work for the Council and meets
monthly with sub-committee chairmen, agency personnel and
community presidents. At the present time there are 14 sub-
committees working in various areas for the improvement of
the total economy of the county. These sub-committees are:
Agriculture, Community Development, Education, Forestry,
Health, Home Living, Industry, Publicity, Processed Vegetable
Marketing, Recreation, Senior Citizens, Transportation and
Communication, Welfare, and Youth.

Leadership Training
An outstanding leadership training meeting for
community officers was held in the fall of 1960. Ap-
proximately 30 people participated from McAlpin,
Antioch, Philadelphia, New Harmony and Beulah
Community Improvement Clubs. Extension Special-
ists assisting with the program were: W. J. Platt, Jr.,
District Agent, Miss Eloise Johnson, District Home
Demonstration Agent, Dr. C. C. Moxley, Associate
Economist and Dr. Shaw Grigsby, Training Specialist.


.. i
;si1 i ... -.- ty t i

Shown above is Mr. E. N. Butler, Temporary Chairman,
and Howard Smith, Secretary of the Suwannee. River Area
Development Council. This area is made up of Suwannee,
Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton, Columbia, Lafayette, Dixie and
Gilchrist Counties. This is the Area, Redevelopment Program
under the direction of the Department of Commerce and the
Florida Development Commission. A 14 point Overall Eco-
nomic Development Plan was presented for this area and
several loan applications have been made for funds to ex-
pand existing businesses.
Service To 4-H
Service to 4-H is one of the most outstand-
ing leadership projects in Suwannee County.
The County Home Demonstration Council has
received state recognition twice for outstand-
ing service to 4-H. The Council also provides
refreshments for special 4-H events, provides
scholarships to 4-H Short Course, assists with
dress revues, judges record books, provides
transportation to meetings and events and
furnishes materials for 4-H projects.

-59 m r~ IIR uur r- -

'-r .

-~ -:
Mr. Lawrence Rogers, Manager of Suwannee Grain Corp-
oration, is completing a long distance call for sale of grain
being shipped out while Mr. Wilton Stephens, President of
Suwannee Grain, is pointing to the calculating machine where
Mrs. Mary Jo Lee, Secretary to the Corporation, is figuring a
farmer's price received for his corn.


r~ -;
mar~nir: -;~-~: ~i:


Mr. H. L. Johns makes presentation of Farmer of the
Year Award to Mr. A. W. Ross, Sr. Mrs. A. W. Ross Sr, looks
on approvingly.

Farmer Of The Year Award
The Suwannee County Farm Bureau initiated a
program in 1961 to recognize outstanding farmers in
the county. An award was presented at the annual
Farm Bureau meeting held in September.
A list of criteria was prepared by a committee
from the Farm Bureau, Chamber of Commerce and
the Cattlemen's Association for making this selection.
Mr. A. W. Ross, Sr. of the Philadelphia Communi-
ty was selected. Mr. Ross lives on the same farm
on which he was born 74 years ago. He has been
faithful to his family, church, community and coun-
ty. He has been a leader and a shining example of
what a Christian man can and should do.
Mr. Ross has been active in all community affairs
during his entire lifetime. He has been a leader in
helping carry out educational programs that would
benefit farmers. He was one of the leaders working
with the government in initiating a program to eradi-
cate flies with a new material, DDT, during the war
Mr. Ross has served as County ASC Committee-
man and Director of the Tobacco Barn Insurance Club,
in which he is a charter member. He is a Farm Bu-
reau member, a leader in the community improve-
ment club and a trustee of his church.
It is very fitting that this award be presented to
such an outstanding Suwannee Countian. The Su-
wannee County Farm Bureau is to be commended as
well as the committee for initiating and selecting
such a man as Mr. A. W. Ross, Sr.

Baby It's Hot Outside
Another first was chalked up recently
when the Suwannee County Cattleman's As-
sociation held their annual pasture tour. The
Cattleman's Association members departed
from the Suwannee County Courthouse on a
hot July afternoon. The temperature was 97
degrees. Farmers scrambled to get into air
conditioned cars for this tour. When the group
stopped for the first farm visit, it was noted
that all cars had air conditioners except one.
Jack Jones, President of the Suwannee County
Cattleman's Association, stated that this was
another example of progress contrary to a few
years past when school buses and trucks were
used to haul the farmers from farm to farm.

Left to right: Mrs. Winnie Hays, Council Delegate; Mrs.
A. W. Ross, Jr., Secretary-Treasurer; Mrs. Charlie Hunter,
Council President; and Mrs. Pete Vann, Vice-President.


Hon. True D. Morse, Undersecretary of Agriculture, ad-
dresses a joint meeting of the Suwannee County Farm Bureau
and the Suwannee County Rural Development Council.
Seated is Loran Terry, Chairman of the Suwannee County
Rural Areas Development Council and president of the Su-
wannee County Farm Bureau.
Later, Secretary Morse awarded the McAlpin Community
Improvement Club a plaque as the "Rural Development Com-
munity of the Year".
Receiving certificates along with McAlpin were the Anti-
och, Beulah, Philadelphia, and New Harmony Community Im-
provement Clubs.

r ---



Community Improvement And Public Affairs
Our society is founded on the family as the basic
unit. The local community, the next larger unit, is
a group of families residing in the same area and with
similar or related problems. Extension not only finds
itself concerned with families, but it is called upon to
render assistance in community improvement and re-
source development.
Rapid changes are occurring in the size, struc-
ture, and essential human services in each of the 26
defined communities in Suwannee County. Although
farm families come first, Extension's educational ef-
forts have been extended to reach all segments of our
Extension receives requests for educational aid
with such important areas of community concern as
rural health, research, local governments, schools,
roads and community organizations. Extension's ed-
ucational services and experience in helping people
organize for group action are invaluable in the situ-

In recent years the people of Suwannee County were con-
cerned about the inadequate fair and livestock buildings.
Committees were appointed and worked with the Board of
County Commissioners in erecting the fabulous Agricultural
Coliseum shown above. This coliseum served the purpose for
holding big meetings and limited shows and fairs; however,
the livestock exhibition space was limited. Another committee
was appointed to work with the Commissioners and an addi-
tional livestock building was erected. This new livestock
building along with the agricultural coliseum facilities are
now quite adequate for our needs. These facilities are un-
matched anywhere.

Several of the Community Improvement Clubs have had
projects on improving mail boxes. The above is a good ex-
ample of the result of this project. The club not only im-
proved the mail box but made money for the club by selling
the name plates.

Know Your Insecticides
Understanding and knowing the right
type of insecticide for a particular crop is
something that farmers of this county realize
is a "must." Few farmers have had sad ex-
perience with insecticides and herbicides.
Farmers realize that these materials must be
used with caution. Bulletins, pamphlets and
commercial information are available from the
County Agent's Office and the local supply
dealers on helping keep the public informed
of the many changes being made by research
with the uses of these chemicals and insecti-

R-fl_- G A M B L

Suwannee Grain Corporation, located at Live Oak, Florida. To the right is the office building
and scales. The plant was constructed in the spring of 1960 and processed over 315,000 bushels of
corn the first season.
A group of local farmers and business men raised a portion of the cost of the plant. The local
Suwannee County Development Authority and the Small Business Administration made loans for the
The plant has a 1,000 bushel per hour dryer, 2,000 bushel per hour cleaner and 114,000 bushels
storage capacity. The need for the facility was brought about as a result of the dolomite program
increasing corn yields.

Shown above are the 6 members of the Tobacco Barn In-
surance Club who lost barns in 1961 looking at their checks
which they received from members of the club. From left to
right are Warren Howard, Loran Terry, and Directors, H. T.
Howell, Julian Robinson, Claude Jones and A. W. Ross, Sr;
and other farmers who lost barns, Arthur Ward, Jessie All-
britton, Walter Sumner and J. E. Welch.

Tobacco Barn Insurance Club Like
Bit Of 'Old Americana'
Old-fashioned log rolling, house raising and
peanut shellings have gone the way of the horse and
carriage and the steamboat. But at least one coop-
erative venture patterned after America's past -
lives on in Live Oak.
The Suwannee County Tobacco Barn Insurance
Club, a non-profit organization of leaf growers, de-
votes its entire program to financial aid to fellow
farmers when they lose a tobacco barn by fire.
In curing tobacco, the risk from fire is great
and a large number of curing facilities go up in smoke
each year. Heat inside the barn often reaches 240
degrees. The smallest spark will start a fire that
can engulf a barn in minutes. The partially cured
leaf burns rapidly and adds to the hazard.
With these facts in mind, Claude Jones, A. W.
Ross, Sr. and the late Fendley Brinson formed the
club in 1935. It is the only club of its kind known
to be in existence. The County Agent's Office hand-
les all the correspondence for the organization.
This year, Suwannee farmers have insured 320
barns through the club. Insurance is available from
commercial companies but often the farmer must have
other policies in force with the company before in-
surance is written to cover a tobacco barn. Cost of
insuring a barn ranges from $35.00 to $65.00.

Directors of the club urge farmers to keep in-
surance on their barns in force and use the donations
from the club as a supplemental source of revenue to
aid in replacing the burned barn.
The rules of the club are simple. A membership
fee of $2.25 is charged for each barn insured by the
club and this money is held in reserve.
When a grower loses a barn, he is required to
inform the club within 24 hours. Cards notifying
members of the loss are then mailed from the County
Agent's Office.
A member, after receiving notice of the loss, is
required to make a $2.00 contribution within 10 days
for the person losing the barn. The $2.00 donation is
in lieu of a day's work, which was the contributing
factor on which the club was established.
This year there were 320 barns insured through
the club. The 6 people who lost their barn received
$641.00 each in donations. This will not rebuild a
barn, but it will be a great help.
It is estimated that it would take approximately
$1,000.00 to build a barn, plus curing equipment.
This year club members were called upon to don-
ate toward the rebuilding of six barns destroyed by
fire. In 1960 there were only 3 barns destroyed.
Introduction of modern curing equipment during
the past decade has reduced the number of fire losses.
The vast majority of barns are now fired by oil, gas
or coal instead of wood.
Members of the board of directors besides the
two surviving organizers are H. T. Howell, Leon
Avery, Frank Jenkins, Julian Robinson, Gordon
Raines, and S. C. Hall. The directors meet twice a
year, once before the harvesting and again at the end
of the selling season. The county agent serves as
non-voting chairman of the board and his secretary,
Mrs. Robert Culbreth, serves as Treasurer.

Here we see a sheriff taking a youngster to the. Florida
Sheriff's Boys Ranch located on 722 acres on the banks of
the famous Suwannee River.

'- C ** M n fl"

Mr. Chester Blevins, General Manager, and part-owner of
Suwannee Dolomite & Lime Co. plant located at Dowling
Park. In the background is a pile. of rock dolomite before

Organizational Gatherings Well Attended
Often people from adjoining counties ask the
question, "How do you get people out to meetings?"
During recent years this question has been answered
by farm organizations holding weekly, monthly and
quarterly meetings. At practically all meetings that
are held throughout the county, regardless of the na-
ture, they are preceded by an old-fashioned covered
dish supper, fish fry or barbecue.
Farm Bureau, Cattlemen's Association, lodge
meetings and practically all other organizations have
found this to be of untold benefit, to feed the people
that come to the meetings. In addition to the fine
meals that are offered, the fellowship, one with an-
other, means much more to Suwannee Countians.

Shown above is a typical crowd at a meeting in Suwannee
County. These people are waiting to be served barbecued
chicken and beef at the dedication ceremonies of a cottage
at the Florida Sheriffs' Boys Ranch.

These community centers were paid for and
community activities.



erected by the people living in the community. They are used weekly for many

ARA Redevelopment Program
Suwannee County was declared eligible for as-
sistance under ARA in August 1961. This is a Federal
program under the Department of Commerce to pro-
vide loans and grants for public and private assis-
tance in certain unemployed and underemployed
E. N. Butler, Manager, Suwannee Valley Elec-
tric, Cooperative, was elected Temporary Chairman
of the Suwannee River Area Development Council.
Suwannee, Madison, Jefferson, Lafayette, Gilchrist,
Dixie, Hamilton and Columbia counties make up the
area. Howard Smith, Associate County Agent was
elected secretary.

A typical community booth exhibiting samples of the pro-
ducts grown in the community. The Suwannee County Fair
provides opportunities for communities to exhibit their pro-

Sign erected by the Philadelphia Community Improve-
ment Club showing the way to the Community Center.

The Education Sub-Committee. Suwannee. County Rural
Areas Development Council, Mrs. Sara Rogers, Chairman has
done an outstanding job in expanding the Suwannee River
Regional Library to include Suwannee, Lafayette, Taylor,
Columbia, Madison, Hamilton, Dixie, and Gilchrist counties.
The library now has two bookmobiles operating out of Live
The library ranks 20th in the state in book circulation and
received the Dorothy Canfield Fisher award of $1,000 for ser-
vice in 1959. A bookmobile is shown above parked in front of
the headquarters.


County Recreation Center
While Suwannee County has enjoyed progress in
the agricultural field during recent years, it has also
improved the recreation facilities for the people not
only in Live Oak but Suwannee County as well.
A 20 acre plot of land in the northeast part of
Live Oak was purchased by the city to be used as a
county recreation center. A recreational hall was
erected and a fulltime director was employed. Most
children of the county avail themselves of these re-
creational facilities. Swimming pool, miniature golf,
softball fields, horseshoe and gymnastics are just a
few of the many games available under supervision
at the recreation center. An average of 3,500 young-
sters use the center facilities monthly.
These facilities are second to none and contribute
greatly to the joy and pleasures of the people of the

The Transportation & Communication Sub-Committee,
Thomas Musgrove, Chairman, Suwannee County Rural Areas
Development Council, has completed naming of all blacktop
roads in the county with the help of the County Commission-
ers. In the near future, the group plans to begin erecting
name signs on these roads.
The committee was successful in getting the State Road
Department to erect several Boys Ranch signs as above.

Savings & Loan Association
The Associate County Agent worked with a
group of local citizens in organizing a Federal Sav-
ings & Loan Association. A detailed brochure of
economic facts of several counties was prepared. The
Association has been approved and is in the pro-
cess of completing details before they can open for

E ".,i ., -^^ .. a.. B

A scene of the picnic area of the County Park on the Su-
wannee River at Dowling Park. Not shown in the picture is
a modern boat ramp. Several such boat ramps have been
constructed on the River in the last few years.

The beautiful Suwannee County Recreation Center is
shown above. Kids and adults throughout the county enjoy
these facilities which are supervised by a fulltime director
and assistants.

The McAlpin Community Improvement Club as-
sisted the Suwannee County Health Dept. in getting
all youngsters immunized in the McAlpin Community.
Deaun Gaston's Store served as the center for giving
shots. A real community service was performed.

Mr. Kenneth Mills and Walter Ward are seen unloading
a semi-truck load of corn into the pit of the Suwannee Grain

Agribusiness In Suwannee County

Farm Value And Agribusiness Value Of
Suwannee County Crops, 1961
Millions of Dollars
Crop To Farmer In Florida (a) At Retail (b)
Tobacco 3.8 4.0 30.6
Hogs 2.3 4.0 4.5
Corn 1.4 3.6 4.3
Forest Products 1.0 2.0 3.0
Cattle 1.5 2.5 2.8
Truck Crops .2 .3 .6
Poultry and Eggs .3 .5 .5
Milk .2 .4 .4
Pecans .2 .3 .4
Other Crops .5 .9 1.6
Total For Crops 11.3 18.5 43.7
(a) This is the estimated agribusiness value of
Suwannee County crops either at the time they cross
the state line as they are shipped out, or their retail
value if sold in Florida.
(b) This is the approximate retail sales value
of Suwannee County crops wherever they are sold.
SOURCE: Figures obtained from County ASC
Office, from marketing firms in area, from 1959 Cen-
sus of Agriculture and estimates by County Agent.

Mr. Henry Ward of H. M. Ward & Sons' grain processing
plant is shown presenting a check to John Walter Boatright
for his corn. This ready-cash market is another of the many
conveniences offered the farmers in Suwannee County.

Total Farm Value And Agribusiness Value
Of Suwannee County Crops In 1961
Not many Suwannee County residents question
the importance of agriculture to the county. But
most of them wouldn't come very close at guessing the
total dollar value of agriculture to the county.
We have compiled latest estimates on these val-
ues from the County Agricultural Stabilization Com-
mittee Office, from marketing firms in the area and
from the County Agent's Office. The combined fig-
ures and good judgment from people in these offices
Mr. Phillip Griffin proudly displays one of the limbs indicate that agriculture and forestry crops will re-
broken from his tree due to a heavy pecan crop. Shown within 11.3 million dollars to the county's farmers in
Mr. Griffin is Russell Parsons and John Hampton, Soil Con- turn 11.
servation Service Technicians. 1961.

The word, agribusiness, has come into wide-
spread use in recent years. It refers to a combination
of the business of farming, plus all businesses manu-
facturing and distributing farm supplies and equip-
ment to farmers and all businesses engaged in buying,
handling, processing and distributing farm commo-
When a farm commodity is sold at retail, it rep-
resents the total value all these businesses have ad-
ded to it. If a commodity is shipped out of the state,
its value as it crosses the state line represents its total
agribusiness value in Florida. But, of course, many
out-of-state farm commodities are shipped into Flor-
ida and sold at retail here.
With the above explanation as a background, it
is noteworthy to mention that the commodities sold by
Suwannee County farmers this year for 11.3 million
dollars will have an agribusiness value in the state
of 18.5 million dollars. Their total agribusiness value
wherever sold, will be about 43.7 million dollars.
That's a lot of money!

Estimated Income & Expense Statement, All
Suwannee County Farmers Combined, 1961
Gross Farm Income: Thousands of Dollars
Cash receipts from farm marketing $11,300
Government payments to farmers 1,400
Home Consumption of farm products 400
Rental value of farm dwellings 600
Income from off-farm employment 500

Total gross income
Production Costs: Thousa
Feed bought 1,
Livestock bought
Fertilizer and lime bought 1,
Repairs and operation of equipment
& facilities 1,
Depreciation of farm facilities &
equipment 1,
Taxes on real estate & personal
Seed bought
Hired labor, custom harvesting
charges, etc.
Net rent to landlords
Interest on farm mortgage debt
Miscellaneous costs 1,

Total production costs

Interest @ 6% on estimated $40 million






of Dollars

Net Income of farm operators above interest 3
2000- Estimated number of farms of all
types in county.
Net income per farm including
interest $3,030
Net income per farm above
interest 1,580
SOURCE: Based on U.S.D.A. and County Agent





Estimated Income & Expense, All Suwannee
County Farmers Combined In 1961
Many people in the county are interested in the
amount of money spent by our farmers for various
types of farm supplies. It would be fine if we had

W. E. Turman is shown feeding his fine flock of turkeys.
He raises some 300 to 500 each year as an additional source of
income for his farm operation.

exact figures on these expenditures for each specific
item, but unfortunately, the best we can do is give
rough estimates, based on U.S.D.A. information for
broad categories of expenses.
Total income figures for farmers of the county
were arrived at by adding: (1) sales of crops from
Table I ($11.3 million), (2) government payments to
farmers from the County A.S.C. Office and Social Se-
curity offices ($1.4 million) and (3) estimates on
value of home produced products consumed (.$4 mil-
lion), rental value of farm dwellings ($.6 million),
and income from off-farm employment from the U. S.
Department of Agriculture ($.5 million). These in-
come figures to farmers of this county total 14.2 mil-
lion dollars.
In order to produce the 11.3 million dollars worth
of crops in 1961 it is estimated that Suwannee County
farmers will have to incur production costs of 8.1
million dollars. This will include: (1) over a million
dollars worth of feed bought, (2) about 440 thousand
dollars worth of livestock bought, (3) $114 million
for fertilizer and lime, (4) $11/ million for operation
and repair of farm equipment, (5) $11/4 million de-
preciation of farm equipment & facilities, (6) nearly
$.5 million in real estate & personal property taxes,
(7) $160,000 worth of seed bought, (8) $860,000 for
hired farm labor and custom havesting charges, (9)
$300,000 for rent to landlords, (10) $180,000 for in-
terest on farm mortgage debt, and (11) a million dol-
lars for miscellaneous costs.
The $14.2 million income minus $8,140,000 in
costs leaves $6,060,000 net income to farmers of the
county in 1961. Interest on the 40 million dollars es-
timated total investment of these farmers figured at
6% is $2.4 million. Deducting this from the $5,460,-
000 total net income would leave $3,660,000 net in-
come above interest.
Based on number of tobacco allotments and other
information, it is estimated that there are a total of
2,000 farms in the county of all sizes and types. The
$6,060,000 total net income to the county would,
therefore, give an average of $3,030 per farm. But
notice that $2,900,000 of the $6,060,000 total net in-
come came from sources other than sales of crops.
Subtracting this $2,900,000 leaves a net income from
crops of only $3,160,000, or only $1,580 per farmer in
the county. In other words, less of our farmers net
income is coming from crops than from other sources.

Suwannee County Tobacco Information, 1961

Total acres harvested in 1961
Yield per acre in pounds
Total 1961 production in pounds
Average price per 100 pounds to farmer
Total farm value of crop
Estimated total cigarette output
from this amount 2,
Estimated tax-paid cigarette output
from this amount 2,
Number packs tax-paid cigarettes
output from this amount
Federal tax on this amount @ 8 cents
per pack
State tax on this amount @ 5 cents
per pack
Gross margins to cigarette manufacturers,
wholesalers, retailers, etc.
Total retail sales on tax-paid cigarettes
@ 27 cents per pack
Estimated number non-tax cigarettes
Number packs of non-tax cigarettes
Total retail sales on non-tax cigarettes
@ 14 cents per pack
Total retail sales of all cigarettes










The 3,393 acres of tobacco grown in Suwannee
County in 1961 was down 39 percent from the 5,547
acres grown ten years ago in 1952. This was due to
government reduction in acreage allotments through
the years.
The 1,920 pounds per acre yield in 1961 set a new
record. It was 334 pounds per acre higher than the
previous record yield in 1960. Addition of overhead
irrigation equipment on many tobacco farms has been
partly responsible for this increase in yield. Improved
varieties, management and fertilization have also
played a part.
The total production of tobacco in Suwannee
County also set a new record in 1961. The 3,393 acres
grown in 1961, at an average yield of 1,920 pounds
per acre, gave a total production of 6,514,560 pounds.
The previous high year was 1960 with 1,586 pounds.

Here Mrs. Robert Culbreth is shown giving Mr. T. J. Flet-
cher, Sr. a bulletin on the growing of flue-cured tobacco.
6,675 bulletins, circulars and pamphlets were passed out to
farmers during 1961. These free bulletins, circulars and
pamphlets were prepared by the Agricultural Experiment
Station, Extension Service and United States Department of
Agriculture specialists.

A field of corn showing an excellent growth of beggar
weeds as cover crops. The average yield of corn in Suwan-
nee County has increased from about 18 bushels per acre in
1950 to about 30 bushels per acre in 1961. This increase in
corn yield and use of cover crops is another result of the dolo-
mite program. The ASC office reports that there was 83,060
acres of corn planted in 1960 and 60,000 acres in 1961. This
reduction in acreage was on 640 farms who participated in
the emergency feed grain program.

The 612 million pounds produced in 1961 was more
than one-fourth of the state's production of flue-cured
Likewise, the total farm value of Suwannee Coun-
ty's tobacco crop set a new record in 1961. The $3,-
907,736 it put in farmers' hands at least tempor-
arily was about 20 percent above the $3,010,862
received in 1960, the previous high year.
In these days when we often talk in terms of bil-
lions, maybe we can visualize the number of cigarettes
made from Suwannee County tobacco. Of course,
our tobacco is mixed with other types of tobacco from
other places. But the quantity of tobacco produced
in the county is enough to make about 2 1/3 billion
cigarettes. This number will fill nearly 118 million
packs. However, Florida's 5 million population alone
used about 8 times that number last year.
We must also use big figures to describe the tax-
es, manufacturing costs and retail sales on cigarettes
made from the quantity of tobacco produced in Su-
wannee County. Of the 118 million packs which
could be made from our tobacco, about 109 million
were estimated to be tax-paid cigarettes. The 8 cents
per pack federal tax on this quantity amounted to
nearly 9 million dollars, and the 5 cents per pack
state tax to about 51/ million dollars. Gross margins
to cigarette manufacturers, wholesalers, retailers, etc.
amounted to nearly 13 million dollars. The share of
non-tax cigarettes made from our tobacco sold for 1.2
million dollars at retail. So the total retail sales val-
ue of all cigarettes made from the quantity of tobac-
co produced in Suwannee County was about 30 mil-
lion dollars. The farmers' share of this, some $3,778,-
445, was only 13% of the consumers' price. But the
average price farmers received for their crop, .60
cents per pound, was enough to assure them a good
profit per acre of tobacco produced.

Farm Value And Agribusiness Value Of
Individual Suwannee County Crops In 1961
The table showing farm value and agribusiness
value of Suwannee County crops may need a little ex-
plaining to the average reader. Using tobacco as an
illustration, farmers in the county received about $3
3/4 million for their tobacco in 1961. Before this to-
bacco left the state a small amount was added for
auction charges, warehouse fees and transportation.
As it crossed the state line, it had a value of about $4
million. When it converted to cigarettes and sold at
retail it brought about 30.6 million dollars.
On hogs the farmer receives about half of the
consumer's dollar. Therefore, hogs which returned
2.3 million dollars to farmers of the county produced
pork and pork products which sold for about 41/2 mil-
lion dollars at retail. About 4 million dollars worth of
this was sold in the state.
When corn is made into cereal or corn oil, farm-
ers get only about 13 percent of the consumer's dol-
lar. But most of Suwannee County's corn is fed to
poultry and livestock. In this form, farmers get about
one-third of the consumer's dollar. For example, a
dollar bushel of corn puts about 10 pounds of gain on
a hog. This sells for about $1.60 live weight and
makes pork products selling for about $3.10 at retail.
About the same relation holds true for corn fed to
poultry or cattle.
It is estimated that Suwannee County farmers
will produce an average of 30 bushels of corn per acre
in 1961 on about 60,000 acres, or 1,800,000 bushels.
They will probably sell about 1,400,000 bushels of
this at an average price of around $1.00 per bushel.
The rest will be fed on farms, and returns on this
show up in sales of hogs, cattle, etc. Now we can
relate this to the explanation above on proportion of
the consumer's dollar corn growers get. The 1.4 mil-
lion dollars corn growers get will produce livestock
products selling for about 4.3 million dollars at re-
tail. A large share of this, some 3.6 million dollars
worth will be sold in Florida.
Buyers of pulpwood, poles, saw logs, gum and
other forest products say that they will buy about one
million dollars worth of these products in Suwannee
County in 1961. It is estimated that the quantity
they buy here will make products which will sell for
at least 3 million dollars at retail. About $2 million

-. X -l ... :
Dick Lundy is observing some Suwannee County corn that
produced over 100 bushels per acre. One ton of dolomite, 500
of 0-10-20, 5 tons of chicken manure and 120 lbs. pure nitro-
gen was applied to this corn.

Myra Clark and Laurice Meeks are shown preparing one
of the many mimeographed letters that go out to the farmer
families in the county. 29,764 letters were mailed out to
farmers, 4-H Club members and others in 1961.

of this will be sold in Florida. Of course, producers
get a very low proportion of the consumer's dollar
for paper. But on poles and saw logs, producers get
a much larger share of the consumer's dollar.
As in the case of hogs, farmers receive for their
cattle slightly more than half of the consumer's dol-
lar for beef. Buyers of cattle in the area estimate
that they will pay buwannee County farmers about
$1,500,000 for cattle in 1961. This will make beef
and beef products which will sell for several million
at retail. Most of this will be sold in Florida.
Watermelons is by far the most important truck
crop grown in the county. In spite of low yields and
prices in 1961, watermelons and other truck crops
like blackeyed peas, white acre peas, peanuts for boil-
ing, okra, etc. will bring Suwannee County growers
about $200,000 in 1961. The retail price on these
will be at least $600,000. Since most of the water-
melons leave the state, these truck crops are worth
about $300,000 at the state line, or at retail in the
Suwannee County has six commercial broiler pro-
ducers and about 25 commercial egg producers. In
1961 they will sell at least $300,000 worth of poultry
and eggs. Producers get about 50 percent of the con-
sumer's dollar for poultry and 66 percent of the con-
sumer's dollar for eggs. Therefore, the retail sales
value of Suwannee County's poultry products will be
about half a million dollars, virtually all of it in
There are 5 commercial dairy farms in the coun-
ty. In 1961 they will sell nearly $200,000 worth of
milk. The price they receive is about one-half of the
retail price. So their milk will sell for nearly $400,
000 at retail, practically all of it in Florida.
Many Suwannee County farmers have pecan
trees. The income per farm is small, but total returns
from pecans is sizeable. Based on experience of re-
cent years, pecan buyers estimate they will pay our
farmers over $200,000 for pecans in 1961. These
pecans, either whole or in various products, will bring
at least $400,000 at retail. Most of them will be
shipped out of the state. So the value at the state
line for that portion shipped out, plus the retail value
of those sold in the state, will total about $300,000.

Other farm commodities to be sold by Suwannee
County producers in 1961 include bahia grass seed,
velvet beans, oats, rye, wheat, soybeans, hay, honey,
and several others. It is estimated that these crops
will be sold for about half a million dollars by our
farmers. When converted to livestock or other pro-
ducts, these products will be worth about 1.6 million
dollars at retail.

Summary Of Extension Activities

Number of people visiting office
Phone calls
Farm & Home visits by agents
Letters Written
Bulletins distributed
Miles travelled by 4 agents
Meetings held by 4 agents
With attendance of
Days devoted to all work (4 agents)
Extension organization & program




In-service training of agents
Marketing, distribution and service
Soil and water conservation, and
Planning and management of the farm
Farm buildings and farm mechanical
House, surroundings, furniture and
Home management
Family economics
Foods and nutrition
Family life, child development and parent
Community development and public
Days that cannot be charged specifically
to one of above














The story of Extension in Suwannee County is a story of people. President Lincoln's words "Of the peo-
ple, by the people, for the people" describes Extension Service here in Suwannee County as they do the Am-
erican form of government.
The Cooperative Extension Service in Agriculture and Home Economics was created to serve the people
to meet their needs for "Useful and practical information on subjects relating to agriculture and home economics,
and to encourage the application of same."
Agriculture in Suwannee County has made great progress though it still has a long way to go before the
ideal is achieved. This has been a very good year for the county in most areas of agricultural production. As a
whole, farmers' incomes this year are the highest they have been in several years. Corn production, particularly,
has been very good this year.
The County Extension staff has spent a busy and productive year. We have worked closely with all segments
of agricultural production in the county, as well as with the people who support agriculture those who supply
credit, furnish various goods and services to farm producers, transport and market agricultural products and buy
these agricultural products. The Home Demonstration members of the County Extension team have continued to
work to improve family living, aid in the management of the home, help consumers be better buyers, and increase
homemaking skills. We have also worked extensively and successfully with the youth of the county in agricul-
ture, homemaking, leadership, and citizenship-building activities.
As County Agent, I would like to take this opportunity to thank all of the leaders in the county both agri-
cultural leaders and others who have helped make this a banner year in Suwannee agriculture and homemak-
ing. Without the generous and wholehearted support these leaders have given the program, it could not have
achieved the success which has been possible.
Through its unique tie-in with the University of Florida and with the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Coun-
ty Extension work has been able to call on the resources of both of these organizations to further its work.
Through their tie with the University, County Extension workers are faculty members of the University, and have
access to the tremendous resource of manpower and knowledge available there, They are also members of the
Federal Extension organization, and so have the assistance of federal specialists and the benefit of federal re-
search. Both the University and the USDA supply numerous publications, news releases, films and other means
of communications to the County staff for distribution in Suwannee County.

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