Group Title: Extension veg. crops mimeo report
Title: Growing dill in Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094937/00001
 Material Information
Title: Growing dill in Florida
Series Title: Extension veg. crops mimeo report - Florida Cooperative Extension Service ; 64-3
Physical Description: 3 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Stephens, James M.
University of Florida -- Agricultural Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1964?
Copyright Date: 1964
 Subjects
Subject: Dill -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 3).
General Note: Caption title.
Statement of Responsibility: prepared by J.M. Stephens.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094937
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 433535034

Full Text

42hltepsion Veg. Crops
Mimneo Report 64-3
Growing Dill In FloridaUME L RARY

Prepared By: JUL 11 1972
James M, Stephens
Assistant Vegetable Crops Specialist
Florida Agricultural Extension Service
university of Florida l.F.A.S. Univ. of Florida


Description Dill (anethum graveolens), a member of the parsley family,

is an erect, strong-smelling, fennel-like, umbelliferous, annual plant

reaching a height of about four feet. The yellow flowers develop into

fruiting umbels. In appearance, its seeds are intermediate between those

of parsnip and carrot. The "seeds" as we see them are not true seeds. They

are the halves of very small, dry fruits called schizocarps; these fruits

split apart at maturity, with each half containing one seed. There are about

17,500 seeds in an ounce.

Distribution Dill was introduced to this country from Asia and appears in

Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania as a roadside weed in July and

August. It is cultivated in Germany, India, Rumania, England and to some

extent in northern sections of this country. Small acreages of dill have been

grown successfully as a commercial crop on the muck soils near Zellwood and

Ovieda, as well as on sandy soils in Florida. In many instances, it appears

in vegetable gardens around the state.

USE

The young leaves and the fully developed green fruits are used for

flavoring purposes.

Fruits One of the most common uses of dill is for flavoring pickles. For

this purpose the fruiting tops, with several inches of the stem bearing them,

are cut when the fruit is fully developed, but not yet brown, and tied in

bunches to cure in the shade. In making dill pickles, generous layers of the

dill are placed in the jars or kegs with the pickles to add their distinctive








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and popular flavor. The fruiting tops may be used either fresh or

dried. .

Leaved" The leaves are used only in the fresh state, as they lose their

pleasing flavor when dried. Freshly chopped, they may be used alone or in

dill butter fof broiled:.6r fried meats and fish, in sandwiches, in fish

sauces, and in creamed or fricasseed chicken.

PRODUCTION

Location In the garden, dill may be seeded along'with other vegetables

or may be arranged in separate beds. If dill is planted along the north

side of the garden, the shading of smaller plants will be avoided.

Soil Preparation While dill will grow well on an organic soil such as

muck, with proper attention to irrigation and fertilization it also does

well on any soil suitable for growing vegetables ; Normally, the same soil

preparation, liming, fertilization, and irrigation practices as used for

a vegetable garden should be used.

pH The best pH range is probably between pH 5.5 and 6.5.

Fertilization On sandy soil, a 6-8-8 or 6-8-6 fertilizer should be either

broadcast before planting at the rate of 2-4 pounds per 100 square feet or

banded at time of planting at the rate of 1/3 pound per 10 feet of row.

On organic soil, .a 0-12-20 fertilizer should be used at the rate of 1/6

pound per 10 feet of row or 1 to 2 pounds per 100 square feet.

Planting The variety Long Island Mammoth is suggested for Florida.

November through December seed should be planted 1/2 inch deep in rows at

the rate of 6 to the foot and thinner to 1 plant every 12 inches. One

ounce of seed should plant 50 feet of row. With considerable care, the

seedlings may be transplanted if desired. Long Island Mammoth matures









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in about 65 days.

Disease and Insect Pests Dill is not especially subject to serious

damage by disease or insect pests, particularly when grown on a small

scale. It may sometimes be attacked by aphids during the flowering and

fruiting period. Dusting with 5% Malathion dust should control this insect,

Seed Source the seed of dill may be obtained from local seed stores.

Once established, dill will reseed itself year after year if the seedlings

are protected and if a few plants are left to mature seed.

REFERENCES


1. Savory Herbs Culture and Use. U.S.D.A. Farmer's Bulletin. No. 1977.
May, 1946.

2. Herbs For Florida. University of Florida Press Bulletin. No. 600.
October, 1944.

3. Vegetable Garden Production Guide. Florida Agricultural Extension
Service. Circular 104 B. April, 1961.

4. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Cc3pany, New York. 1950.

5. Know Your Vegetable Seeds. American Vegetable Grower. October, 1958.

6. Kilgore's Florida Planting Guide. 1961-1962.

7. Herbs. Florida Agricultural Extension Service. Circular 164.
April, 1957.




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