42hltepsion Veg. Crops
Mimneo Report 64-3
Growing Dill In FloridaUME L RARY
Prepared By: JUL 11 1972
James M, Stephens
Assistant Vegetable Crops Specialist
Florida Agricultural Extension Service
university of Florida l.F.A.S. Univ. of Florida
Description Dill (anethum graveolens), a member of the parsley family,
is an erect, strong-smelling, fennel-like, umbelliferous, annual plant
reaching a height of about four feet. The yellow flowers develop into
fruiting umbels. In appearance, its seeds are intermediate between those
of parsnip and carrot. The "seeds" as we see them are not true seeds. They
are the halves of very small, dry fruits called schizocarps; these fruits
split apart at maturity, with each half containing one seed. There are about
17,500 seeds in an ounce.
Distribution Dill was introduced to this country from Asia and appears in
Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania as a roadside weed in July and
August. It is cultivated in Germany, India, Rumania, England and to some
extent in northern sections of this country. Small acreages of dill have been
grown successfully as a commercial crop on the muck soils near Zellwood and
Ovieda, as well as on sandy soils in Florida. In many instances, it appears
in vegetable gardens around the state.
The young leaves and the fully developed green fruits are used for
Fruits One of the most common uses of dill is for flavoring pickles. For
this purpose the fruiting tops, with several inches of the stem bearing them,
are cut when the fruit is fully developed, but not yet brown, and tied in
bunches to cure in the shade. In making dill pickles, generous layers of the
dill are placed in the jars or kegs with the pickles to add their distinctive
and popular flavor. The fruiting tops may be used either fresh or
Leaved" The leaves are used only in the fresh state, as they lose their
pleasing flavor when dried. Freshly chopped, they may be used alone or in
dill butter fof broiled:.6r fried meats and fish, in sandwiches, in fish
sauces, and in creamed or fricasseed chicken.
Location In the garden, dill may be seeded along'with other vegetables
or may be arranged in separate beds. If dill is planted along the north
side of the garden, the shading of smaller plants will be avoided.
Soil Preparation While dill will grow well on an organic soil such as
muck, with proper attention to irrigation and fertilization it also does
well on any soil suitable for growing vegetables ; Normally, the same soil
preparation, liming, fertilization, and irrigation practices as used for
a vegetable garden should be used.
pH The best pH range is probably between pH 5.5 and 6.5.
Fertilization On sandy soil, a 6-8-8 or 6-8-6 fertilizer should be either
broadcast before planting at the rate of 2-4 pounds per 100 square feet or
banded at time of planting at the rate of 1/3 pound per 10 feet of row.
On organic soil, .a 0-12-20 fertilizer should be used at the rate of 1/6
pound per 10 feet of row or 1 to 2 pounds per 100 square feet.
Planting The variety Long Island Mammoth is suggested for Florida.
November through December seed should be planted 1/2 inch deep in rows at
the rate of 6 to the foot and thinner to 1 plant every 12 inches. One
ounce of seed should plant 50 feet of row. With considerable care, the
seedlings may be transplanted if desired. Long Island Mammoth matures
in about 65 days.
Disease and Insect Pests Dill is not especially subject to serious
damage by disease or insect pests, particularly when grown on a small
scale. It may sometimes be attacked by aphids during the flowering and
fruiting period. Dusting with 5% Malathion dust should control this insect,
Seed Source the seed of dill may be obtained from local seed stores.
Once established, dill will reseed itself year after year if the seedlings
are protected and if a few plants are left to mature seed.
1. Savory Herbs Culture and Use. U.S.D.A. Farmer's Bulletin. No. 1977.
2. Herbs For Florida. University of Florida Press Bulletin. No. 600.
3. Vegetable Garden Production Guide. Florida Agricultural Extension
Service. Circular 104 B. April, 1961.
4. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Cc3pany, New York. 1950.
5. Know Your Vegetable Seeds. American Vegetable Grower. October, 1958.
6. Kilgore's Florida Planting Guide. 1961-1962.
7. Herbs. Florida Agricultural Extension Service. Circular 164.