Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Back Cover

Title: Florida Everglades review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094885/00002
 Material Information
Title: Florida Everglades review
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Whitney, J. H
Whitney, J. H
Florida Everglades Land Company
Publisher: Florida Everglades Land Co.
Place of Publication: Chicago
Publication Date: September 1910
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Everglades   ( lcsh )
Drainage -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Everglades   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Everglades (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1, nos. 1-6; 1910.
Numbering Peculiarities: No more published.
General Note: Editor: J.H. Whitney.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094885
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01387522

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text
U--- UC~ITIIF;-li;.iF --llii:iIlUU~~I~~`- ~ .-l---l iLC

Land Buyers at Lake Okeechobee Everglade Experiment Farm. Northern Men from Seven Different States.
Low Rates to Florida Through the efforts of the Florida Everglades
Land Company and other interests concerned in
the development of Florida, all the railways running to Florida have agreed to give
homeseeker's rates throughout the winter months. Tickets will be on sale on the
first and third Tuesdays of each month, at the rates quoted in the old schedule.
Twelve days limit will be placed on the tickets, but this will give each traveler
ample time to see just what Florida is like. The granting of low rates during
the winter months will mean a great deal for Florida, and is one of the most
gratifying happenings of the year.

1i1-- ---- --- --

i:^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ _^ 4^ _^ ^^^^^^^^_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^_^^_'^^_
V"- . *^i





The only solid all the year 'round train between

|Chicago -an Florida

running via Evansville, Nashville, Chattanooga and Atlanta-the scenic route to the South.
Leave La Salle Street Station (only depot on the loop) 9:50 P. M. daily via


Arrive Jacksonville second morning. Through Pullman Drawing-room
Sleepers and First Class Coaches. Dining Car for all meals.

Low Rate Homeseekers' Tickets on Sale First and Third Tuesdays of Each Month

For tickets, reservations, etc., address
General Agent Passenger Dept., 131 Adams St., CHICAGO, ILL.


Information Column

First Write plainly on one side of the
paper only.
Second-Make all questions direct and
clear and mention only one subject in each
Third-Sign full name and address. An-
swers will be made with use of initials and
address of the writer.
Fourth-If more than one question is
asked in the same letter, make most impor-
tant ones first, and number each separately.
Fifth- Be brief, and in preference to
writing long letters make other requests for
information at intervals.
Sixth-Address all letters for this column
to the Florida Everglades Review, Republic
Building, Chicago, 111.

Galesburg, Ill., Aug. 19, 1910.
Editor Everglades Review:
Would like to have the following
questions answered. Can an owner
of land in Florida get farmers to work
the land on shares? What is gener-
ally the amount of money or percent-
age of the crop or profits given for
such work? T. T. L.
A great many people have their
land cultivated by others who take a
share of the crop. If one owns good
land close to transportation it is no
trouble to get it cultivated, and the
plan is a good one for those who' do

not wish to work their own land. The
amount of the share paid for making
a crop varies according to the amount
of money expended by the owner.
The division of the crop is from a
quarter of the total yield to one-half
to the farmer. Unless an owner of
land is well acquainted with the man
who works his land he should be care-
ful of making expenditures.

Leavenworth, Kan., Aug. 10, '10..
Editor Florida Everglades Review:
Dear Sir-I have been informed
that wild game has rapidly disappear-
ed during the past few years and that
at the present time it is hard to get a
successful day's hunting in Florida.
Is this true of the Everglades section
of the state? Are there laws to pro-
hibit hunting in Florida unless one is
a taxpayer? 0. F. R.
Wild animals have been driven to
the southern part of the state of
Florida during the past ten or fifteen
years, owing to the thousands of
northern visitors who have made that
their headquarters during the winter
months. Hunters in the Everglades
section seldom fail to find deer and
turkey in abundance while other
small animals and birds are seen in
large numbers. Florida has good laws
for the protection of game and the

officers of the law are very watchful.
A non-resident hunter is required t
take out a license. A registered v.,-t.
is considered a regular resident of tl

Oro, Wash.. Aug. -, '10.
Dear Sir:
I shall be pleased if you will answe
the following in your next issue:
First-fHow soon can contract hold
ers get on their land to cultivate it?
Second-Give the water route fron
Seattle to the Everglades.
W. H. A.
Contract holders will be able to g(
on their land just as soon as it is i
condition for cultivation. This w'
depend on the speed of the dredg
which are 1-.-.11 ii..; faster than e,
under the new drainage contract. Ti.
Florida Everglades Land Companr
will keep close watch of the work and
will notify all contract holders in am-
ple time to allow them to' make ready
to go to Florida.
There is no water route from Seat-
tle to Florida unless one makes the
journey southward around South
America. By following the Missouri
and Mississippi rivers one can make
an inland trip to the Gulf of Mexico
and can then follow the shore line to
(Continued on Back Inside Cover.)

~5~4~8 8 > > > >*~~6~~~ a~~

- -- - --

- --- -------------



Florida Everglades Review



L '*z

-"- -..- ~- rane Fruit, Orange. Lemon, Lime, Eucalyptus, Almond and Other Trees in
T,ake Okeechobee.

' 1 ..... .
extreme sweetness when ripe, and
one or two is generally sufficient
to satisfy anyone.
During the past few years fruit
growers of Florida have been de-
voting considerable attention to the
avacado and the mango, with the
result that they have made much
headway in perfecting varieties

erally speaKing, d t ._o.._ _... .
cado must be acquired, as few peo-
ple like it on first trial.
Unlike the avacado, the mango is
a favorite with all who taste its
sweetness. The common variety
has a growth of strong fiber attach-
ed to the seed and holding the flesh
of the fruit in place. The peculiar-

of the mango has been over-
me in the higher varieties, the
fittings of which were first im-
)rted from India and the Philip-
nes. The Mulgoba and other im-
"oved mangoes are free from fiber
id may be sliced from the seed
ke a free stone peach. The fruit
!sembles a peach in some respects,
Though the flavor is more deli-
ious. The mango is in season dur-
ag the summer and fall, which pre-
ents winter visitors to Florida
rom gaining a better acquaintance
vith it.
The sugar apple is the sweetest
)f all Florida fruits and is the most
delicate. Taken from the tree when
full grown it ripens in from one to
three days, becoming so soft that it
cannot be handled. The fruit is a
light green in color, with white lines
marking the sections, which when
ripe separate, each containing a
small coal black seed. The sugar
apple is a favorite fruit with natives
of the southern part of Florida and
the Bahama Islanders, but is not


~t~-d --i~~ ~, -

The only solid all the year 'round train between

Chicago -and- Florida
running Via Evansville, Nashville, Chattanooga and Atlanta-the scenic route to the South.
Leave La Salle Street Station (only depot on the loop) 9:50 P. M. daily via


Arrive Jac]
Low Rate Homesi
For tickets, rese

Information Column

First-Write plainly on one side o
paper only.
Second-Make all questions direct
clear and mention only one subject in
Third-Sign full name and address.
swers will be made with use of initial!
address of the writer.
Fourth-If more than one questic
asked in the same letter, make most in
tant ones first, and number each separs
Fifth-Be brief, and in preference
writing long letters make other requesti
information at intervals.
Sixth-Address all letters for this col
to the Florida Everglades Review, Repi
Building, Chicago, ill.

Galesburg, Ill., Aug. 19, 191(
Editor Everglades Review:
Would like to have the follow
questions answered. Can an ow
of land in Florida get farmers to w
the land on shares? What is ger.
ally the amount of money or percent-
age of the crop or profits given for
such work? 1 T. T. L.
A ,great many people have their
land cultivated by others who take a
share of the crop. If one owns good
land close to transportation it is no
trouble to get it cultivated, and the
plan is a good one for those who do


Under the cut on page 14, caption line reads
"3,000 Panama Plants." It should read, "3,000
Banana Plants."

not ~i 1li to i\ork m -eir-ow-fana. -I-ne
amount of the sharp n A "- -~

Itlr*oita stilbitt
(~ y~ ^8inigiw

omcers u met xdWa dw-vtry--~r-v w ruf.1

Enclosed find One Dollar ($1.00) for one year's subscriptio-


-- or een p tme o allow them to make ready
years, owing to the thousands of to go to Florida.
northern visitors who have made that There is no water i-oute from Seat-
their headquarters during the winter tlc to Florida' unless one makes the
months. Hunters in the Everglades journey southward around South
section seldom fail to find deer and America. By following the Missouri
turkey in abundance while other and Mississippi rivers one can make
small animals and birds are seen in an inland trip to the Gulf of Mexico
large numbers. Florida has good laws and can then follow the shore line to
for the protection of game and the (Continued on Back Inside Cover.)


N'. ".74 FR






Florida Everglades Review

Vol. I


No. 4

comeOcOC.Sco'scOaCCx GXOeeGXCO occieG0 s

Thousands of Grape Fruit, Orange, Lemon, Lime, Eucalyptus, Almond and Other Trees in
Callahan's Nursery at Lake Okeechobee.

GOING over the long list of
fruits raised in Florida, one
is surprised at the great va-
riety of things there, which are
never seen in any great amount in
the north, several of which on ac-
count of their delicate quality can-
not be shipped to the northern mar-
Of these which are uncommon in
the north may be mentioned the
avacado, more familiarly known as
the "alligator pear," the mango, a
native of the East Indies, the sugar
apple, another foreign fruit, the sa-
podillo, a product of the West In-
dies, the melon paw paw, and the
Jamaica apple. With the exception
of the avacado, these fruits are of
extreme sweetness when ripe, and
one or two is generally sufficient
to satisfy anyone.
During the past few years fruit
growers of Florida have been de-
voting considerable attention to the
avacado and the mango, with the
result that they have made much
headway in perfecting varieties

which stand shipment, and which
are superior in quality and flavor
to the old varieties. The avacado
is eaten with salt and pepper when
it is well ripened and has a flavor
that is impossible of correct de-
scription. The very large ones
weigh as much as four pounds,
about one-third of which is seed.
The fruit is of a bright yellow color,
shading off to green near the skin,
the latter being sometimes a bright
green and in some varieties a black
The avacado has been introduced
into some of the northern cities,
where it has been served with suc-
cess in salads and such dishes as
are suited to its character. Gen-
erally speaking, a taste for the ava-
cado must be acquired, as few peo-
ple like it on first trial.
Unlike the avacado, the mango is
a favorite with all who taste its
sweetness. The common variety
has a growth of strong fiber attach-
ed to the seed and holding the flesh
of the fruit in place. The peculiar-

ity of the mango has been over-
come in the higher varieties, the
cuttings of which were first im-
ported from India and the Philip-
pines. The Mulgoba and other im-
proved mangoes are free from fiber
and may be sliced from the seed
like a free stone peach. The fruit
resembles a peach in some respects,
although the flavor is more deli-
cious. The mango is in season dur-
ing the summer and fall, which pre-
vents winter visitors to Florida
from gaining a better acquaintance
with it.
The sugar apple is the sweetest
of all Florida fruits and is the most
delicate. Taken from the tree when
full grown it ripens in from one to
three days, becoming so soft that it
cannot be handled. The fruit is a
light green in color, with white lines
marking the sections, which when
ripe separate, each containing a
small coal black seed. The sugar
apple is a favorite fruit with natives
of the southern part of Florida and
the Bahama Islanders, but is not


liked by all northerners. The Ja-
maica apple is similar to the sugar
apple, only exceeding the latter in
The sapodillo is better known to
the people of the northern cities,
being often shipped to New York
and other markets in limited quan-
tities. WVhen ripe it is very sweet
and soft. The fruit is generally
gathered when of full growth and
is allowed to ripen in the shade.
Of all the fruits grown in Florida
none has found more favor with the
visitor than the paw paw. This
fruit is found in several distinct va-
rieties, all of which grow wild and
need no special attention. The mel-
on paw paw is superior to the other
smaller varieties both in size and
flavor. It often grows to a weight
of five pounds or more and turns
from a dark green to a bright yel-
low when ripe. The fruit some-
times hangs clustering around the
trunk of the tree directly below the
top leaves and presents a very
pretty appearance.
In flavor the paw paw is greatly
like the musk melon and is declared
to be one of the greatest natural
cures for indigestion ever discov-
ered. With exception of the ava-
cado, all of the above described
fruits can be grown without much
attention, and are often found in
wild thickets loaded with fruit. The
avacado requires more care to pre-
serve its dense foliage and to insure
it against the more rapid growing
wild trees and shrubs.
The above is only a short list of
the many peculiar fruits which have
made Florida the name, "The \Won-
derland of the South."

Florida has become the garden spot
of America. Never in the history of
the state has there been such an awak-
ening as to the trucking resources of
the state as we find at the present time.
A number of concerns have sprung
into existence within the last few
months, backed by capitalists from the
leading business centers of the large
northern cities, for the establishment
of colonies in Florida. This is a mat-
ter of vast importance to the state.
TWhen concerns represented by capital-
ists whose judgment and business in-
tegrity is almost world-wide engage in
promoting this interest, it is sufficient
evidence of the sincerity of the enter-
prise and cannot fail to inspire confi-
dence among those who wish to cast
their lot in this favored state.

T. M. Broderick and J. R Siebrant of Kansas. First two Homeseekers to visit Lake Okeechobee.

Iowa Man Writes of Everglades

T HE following is part of a letter
written by R. B. Oldham, of
Greenfield, Iowa, after he had
made a trip of inspection to the lands
of the Florida Everglades Land Com-
pany south of Lake Okeechobee. The
letter was printed in the Greenfield
(Iowa) Transcript, but only that part
bearing on the Everglades is given
here. Mr. Oldham wrote as follows:
"After leaving Sanford our next stop
was at Fort Myers, which is the southern
terminus of the railroad on that side of
Florida. Fort Myers is a city of 3,000
people situated on the Caloosahatchie river
about twenty miles from the Gulf of Mex-
ico. There we are below the frost line and
all kinds of tropical trees and plants grow
in profusion. So it is needless to say it
is a beautiful town, as the citizens take
great pride in keeping their homes up in
good order.
"Here we reached the end of our jour-
ney by rail and the next morning took a
gasoline launch for a trip up the Caloosa-
hatchie river to Lake Okeechobee. Ca-
loosahatchie is an Indian name meaning
"beautiful river," and it is well named,
with its banks lined with palms and occa-
sionally a fine grove of oranges trid grape
fruit. About half way up the river is the
largest orange and grape fruit grove in
the world, containing a solid body of 450
acres. We stopped here for dinner and
took a look at this grove, and it was surely
well worth our time to see this fine fruit.
At the head of the Caloosahatchie we en-
ter the west drainage canal and go up to
the lake. When we enter this canal we
are in the Everglades and have a good
chance to see what they are like. We
went across the lake to the south side,
where the land is situated which we went
to see. The Florida Everglades Land
Company has a camp house here in charge
of Mr. M. M. Hall and Mr. A. V. Calla-

han, where we were royally entertained
during our stay.
"Now, a word about the Everglades.
Most people seem to have the idea' that
they are always under water. This is er-
roneous, as I saw acres and acres that
did not have any water on, and this is
their wet season. I do not think there is
any doubt but that when the canals are
completed and this country is developed it
will be one of the richest spots in the
United States. They have a dark muck
soil which is very fertile. Crops planted
there make a most wonderful growth; you
can hardly believe your eyes when you see
some of the things" growing there.
"Mr. A. V. Callahan, a nurseryman of
experience, is experimenting with all kinds
of tropical fruits and plants and is meet-
ing with great success. His experiments
will be worth much to the people who go
there to develop that country, as he will
know just what to plant for profit.
"This drainage project will reclaim a
tract of land about four times the size of
Adair county (Iowa), and is to be drained
by five canals, one of which is completed,
and they now have four dredges working
on the others and will soon have three
more. One dredge is at work on the lake
side and three on the Atlantic side, and the
work will all be finished in about two
"This land is particularly adapted to the
growing of sugar cane, which grows to an
immense size there. Rice will also be a
staple crop. Celery, tomatoes, egg plant,
potatoes and all kinds of vegetables grow
to perfection. The land will be very
easily cleared, as it is covered with "saw
grass" which can be burned off in the
spring and then plow the ground. There
is a fringe of trees around the south side
of the lake from one to three miles wide,
but they are of soft wood and not very
deeply rooted and will be easy to grub out.
Tn fact, if the drainage is successful (and
I have no doubt it will be) this looks to
me to be the coming garden of the world.


Lake Okeechobee Experimental Farm.

Rice, Eg" PasSgCaad zf i La F r.

Rice, Egg Plants, Sugar Cane and Brazilian Fiber.

C. J. Clements, a farmer who lives
at Utopia, a small settlement on the
eastern shore of Lake Okeechobee,
recently exhibited specimens of corn
and alfalfa grown on the muck lands
of the Everglades. The exhibit cre-
ated considerable surprise at West
Palm Beach, where it was displayed,
and many of the residents of that
place were positive that such corn
could only be grown in the northern
states. Mr. Clements stated that he
had crossed two varieties, "Cocke's
Prolific" and "Dreadnought" to ob-
tain a good quality for the muck land.
He has named his new corn "Okee-
chobee." The specimen ears shown
at West Palm Beach will be sent to
Cincinnati, Ohio, for the exhibition
which will be held in that city. In
addition to the corn, Mr. J. M. Has-
sell of Yamato, Fla., will exhibit al-
falfa and para grass grown by him on
the East Coast.


WHEN the statement is made
that a five acre farm in Flor-
ida will give better returns
than a twenty acre farm in the north
and west, many of the residents of
the latter sections scoff at the asser-
tion. Their life having been spent in
those regions where the profits per
acre were and are so small, a farmer
could not think of attempting to get
his living from the soil unless he had
acres and acres under cultivation, and
with these facts before them they hes-
itate to believe the reports from Flor-
Notwithstanding their incredulous
attitude, not a few are making inves-
tigation of the possibilities of a small
Florida farm, and those who thor-
oughly study the advantages of five or
ten acres of good land are the best
representatives of Florida, soon after
they reach the state. The small farm
is more than a place to make a living.
It is a home. Its size is such that it
always holds a charm for every mem-
ber of the family. Unlike the big
farms of the west, the housewife does
not need to prepare the dinner to be
sent in a wagon several miles across
the fields. There is no army of men

needed to harvest and care for the
growing crop, and the privacy of the
home is preserved by not having a
horde of workers coming and going.
The man who owns five acres can
be a real farmer, inasmuch as his
personal supervision of his land gives
him a knowledge of its every need.
He has no expense of long lines of
fences, and is right on the job at all
times. His crops being confined to
a small acreage he can give each thing
close attention, thereby obtaining a
better yield of farm products, the
value of which is seen when he mar-
kets his crops. One bushel of pota-
toes of choice quality is better than
several barrels of common "spuds,"
because they bring a fancy price
which more than outweighs the im-
portance of a big acreage, where gen-
eral conditions are responsible for
good yields, more than careful and
painstaking cultivation of the soil.
Not long ago a gentleman well ac-
quainted with farming methods in
Florida visited a small farm operated
by a Chinaman. He found that the
land had been laid out in a precise
manner, and the various vegetables
planted were arranged in such a pret-
ty manner the whole effect astonished
the visitor. The Chinaman had been
farming on the same land for years,
and was making huge profits from
what was a very small truck farm.
He was extremely careful about hav-

ing his rows of vegetables straight,
and the whole field was as clean and
tidy as a flower garden. His state-
ments relative to his annual profits
from the small patch of ground were
astonishing to the visitors, all of
whom acknowledged that a small
farm, well kept, was worth several
large ones worked in a half-way style.
Five acres of good land in Florida
will support any man, and will give
him constant employment if cared for
in a proper manner. He can regulate
his planting so that during every
month in the year he will have some-
thing to ship northward, and some-
thing for the nearer markets. He may
keep a cow and a horse, and the five
acres will during the summer months
produce sufficient feed for the ani-
mals. He may have a few pigs in a
pen close to his fields, where the culls
of the vegetable crop can be fed to
them. His flock of chickens can have
the run of nearly the whole farm at
the proper times. In every thing on
the farm he can take a deep interest,
because it is all constantly before him.
The wife and children will have
their share of interest in the place,
and all will find some way of helping
in the work on the farm. The small
farm never grows monotonous to the
boy who is growing up, because there
is often a time when he is free to en-
joy himself as he chooses. On the
big western corn and wheat farms


there is no end to the day of toil, and
the boy gets to bed late, and then
must be up with the first peep of day
for another long grind. No wonder
the boy leaves home. In Florida he
has an easier time and makes more
money than he does in the cold north-
ern states. He stays home with "Dad"
because he is part owner and super-
intendent of the farm.

An Experiment in Broom Corn
ANOTHER experiment which
may give to Florida farmers
profitable summer employment
was recently made by John Zill of
Delray. Fla., with broom corn. Mr.
Zill, who formerly lived in Michigan,
planted about an acre of broom corn,
and recently cut part of the yield for
exhibition. That which was shown
at West Palm Beach was declared to
be of a fine quality, fully equal to the
northern product.
As Mr. Zill's experiment was made
on land that had previously been used
for tomatoes, and the results were so
favorable, a good opportunity is pre-
sented for the farmers to make broom
corn a staple summer crop. The test
showed that the land would produce
three tons to an acre and even a heav-
ier yield may be obtained under a
more careful cultivation.
Estimating that broom corn is
worth $240 a ton, the profits on a few
acres of this grain would be sufficient
to induce farmers to give more atten-
tion to the crop. This is only one of
the many new crops which have shown
good results in Southern Florida and
is additional evidence of the wonder-
ful agricultural possibilities of that
section of the state.

Cgax :mo::cxyx's o lo)om
An Unbiased Description
H. A. Burt, Writing for the Florida Times-Union, Gives Interesting
Facts About Florida Farms and Land

T HE following is part of an article
appearing in a recent issue of
the Florida Times-Union, and
is well worth reading, as it is a fair
and impartial description of the re-
sources and advantages of Florida.
Mr. Burt begins his article with an
explanation of his reasons for writ-

"The writer wishes first to say that
he has no land for sale, has not en-
gaged in vegetable growing for a num-
ber of years, has no ax to grind, but
is deeply interested in the vegetable
industry in Florida, and predicts that
the growing of vegetables will event-
ually become nearly or quite as profit-
able as that of citrus fruits.
"Having visited the principal veg-
etable growing sections, seen them in
cultivation and had personal inter-
views with probably 200 growers in
such places as Hastings. Sanford, Jen-
sen. Miami, Homestead, Fort Myers,
Bartow, Bradentown (including Pal-
metto, Terra Ceia), Tampa, Wau-
chula, Kissimmee. Lakeland. Ocala,
Gainesville, etc., on two different oc-
casions the past year, have had an
opportunity of judging of the condi-
tions and can truthfully say that in the
entire trip did not find a single person
that was dissatisfied or wished to sell
out except at fancy prices. At times
the prices are not such as could be
desired, but it only occurs occasional-
ly, and where can be found a place

< ^ *. .****' '.. ... ***. .-

Bananas and Mangoes at Lake Okeechobee Experimental Farm.

that fancy or even moderately good
prices always prevail ?
"Many of these gardeners live in
the city, and use automobiles to take
them to their gardens.
"One thing striking was the fact
that few, if any. of these gardeners
had had any training in that line,
their knowledge having been acquired
right at their gardens not without fail-
ure in many cases, but ultimate suc-
cess was the final result.
"Doctors, machinists, dentists, mill-
men, carpenters, lawyers, clerks, many
of them in broken-down health, that
took up gardening for the outdoor
life. in fact, all classes of people were
among the number (the smaller num-
her being farmers and gardeners),
and all successful to a greater or less
'"Much has been said, both for and
against the Everglades lands, but if
those who speak against the Ever-
glades lands will take the trouble to
go there once and see what is actually
growing on those lands, where they
are high enough at present to culti-
vate, they will never again say they
are not productive.
"There are no large gardens in the
Everglades, and probably will not be
for some time, or until the work of
draining is completed, but when com-
pleted am satisfied they will make the
most productive garden lands in Flor-
"From the appearance of the crops
and natural growth there in some
places, it is the writer's opinion that
there has never been a freeze, but in-
formation of this kind is hard to se-
cure, because there are so few living
there and none of them have ther-
mcmeters, apparently.
"Several acres of bananas growing
on the south shore of the lake showed
no evidence of freezing, and now
(July) are loaded with fruit (thirteen
months from planting), which they
are shipping.
"Was told by man in charge that


ripe bananas were picked in six
months after planting.
"The dredge has completed the ca-
nal from Lake Okeechobee to the
Caloosahatchie, passed through the
lake, and is now working toward the
east coast. The water is, of course,
rapidly flowing out of this canal, but
has not lowered the lake to any great
"The river is quite high, but the
lake about its normal level."

Everglades Will Help Tampa
A LL citizens of Tampa are ex-
pecting that city to take on a
wonderful growth when the
drainage of the Everglades is com-
pleted. Recently, while in WYashing-
ton, D. C., J. M. Hendryx, a well-
known business man of Tampa, gave
his views on the Everglades as fol-
lows :
"Heretofore Jacksonville has been the
only gateway into Florida, as the result of
which advantage it has enjoyed a wonder-
ful boom for years. But the reclamation
of the amazingly rich land which for ages
has lain a few inches under the water of
the Everglades region, will give Tampa a
commercial importance not even possessed
by Jacksonville. A company is now being
formed which is to build the first railway
across the state, from the gulf to the ocean.
This road will tap the Everglades gardens,
and bring the product of several millions
of acres of the richest farming land in the
country to Tampa for distribution.
"By the time the road across the state
is completed the new Tampa Northern
railroad will have been extended as far
as Atlanta, Ga., leaving Jacksonville far
on the right. With the two roads in ope-
ration, Tampa will expect to control the
shipments to all the markets of the central
and far west and be in a position to con-
test with Jacksonville for the carrying
trade to the states of the east.
"For many years the people of my state
sneered at Mr. Broward's scheme to re-
claim the Everglades, buti now that the ca-
nals are actually draining off the water,
leaving a soil that is rich far beyond the
wildest expectation of his supporters, few
adverse comments are heard. There is not
the slightest doubt but these new Ever-
glades gardens will lay down fresh veg--
etables in all the eastern and central cities
within two years at such prices as to bring
them within the reach of the people of all
classes and conditions.
"Here in Washington one hears a good
deal about the reclamation of the arid and
semi-arid deserts of the far west through
federal aid. In Florida we are draining
more land than has heen reclaimed in any
half dozen states of the west. And we
have an advantage over the west. In-
stead of turning the water on when we
want crops, we simply turn it off once and
the work is done for all time. It's not only
easier, but many times cheaper."


Street Scene at-Fort Myers Showing Beautiful "Fish Tail" Palms.

The Benefits of Drainage


S a general thing, drainage of
land is considered by a major-
ity of people as a mere matter
of taking off the water so that the soil
can be tilled. While this is the main
feature of draining low land, the re-
sulting benefits to the soil outweigh the
value of the preliminary reclamation
of the land. In a series of articles rel-
ative to soil fertility, Dr. A. T. Cuzner
of Florida has contributed valuable in-
formation about drainage. The fol-
lowing is an extract from one of his
recent articles, in which he explained
the value of drainage:
First-It carries off all stagnant water,
and gives a ready escape to the excess of
rain that falls.
Second-It assists the ascent of water
from beneath, whether by capillary action,
or by the force of springs, and thus not
only preserves the surface soil from un-
due moisture (a great advantage in it-
self, as great moisture on the surface by
its evaporation tends to chill and keep the
soil cold), but also frees the subsoil from
the lingering presence of those noxious
substances which, in undrained land, so
frequently lodge in it and impair the
growth of deep-rooted plants.
Third-This constant descent of water
through the soils causes a similar descent
of fresh air through its pores, from the
surface to the depth of the drains.
\VWhen rain falls it enters the soil and
more or less completely displaces the air
contained in its pores.
This air within, descends to the drains,
or rises to the surface and escapes in the

atmosphere. When the rain ceases, the
water as it sinks again leaves the pores of
the upper soil open, and fresh air follows.
The earth, as it were, breathes, and oxy-
genation, which is the basis of organic life
plant growth, is partially provided for.
As we partially stated before, in a pre-
vious article, ammonia is a normal constit-
uent of our atmosphere (another food sup-
ply). Thus where good drainage exists,
not only is the land refreshed by every
shower-mnot only docs it drive from the
rains many important nutritive substances,
but it is supplied also with new accessions
of air.
Fourth-But other consequences of great
practical importance follow from these im-
mediate effects. When thus freed from the
constant presence of water, the soil grad-
tally becomes dryer, sweeter, looser and
more friable. The hard lumps of stiff dry
land more or less disappear. The soil
crumbles more freely, offers less resistance
to the plow, and in consequence is more
economically worked.
These are practical benefits equivalent to
a change of soil.
Fifth-With the permanent state of
moisture removed, the coldness of mallny
soils also disappears. The backwardness
of vegetation in spring, and the lateness
of the harvest in the fall, are less fre-
quently complained of.
Therefore, drainage is equivalent to a
change of climate.
Sixth-An efficient drainage carries off
water so rapidly as to bring the land into
a workable state soon after the rain has
ceased, and thus, to a certain extent, it
rescues the farmer from the fickle domin-
ion of the uncertain seasons. To the intel-
ligent farmer, who applies every available
means to the successful prosecution of his
art, the promise of our age and country


'~ ~

' I


Shipping Oranges to Fort Myers. This Steamer is now on Lake Okeechobee.

is sure. "That seed-time and harvest shall
never fail."
Seventh-But on lands of every kind this
removal of superfluous water is productive
of another practical benefit, viz.: Deepen-
ing the soil. The deeper the drains, the
deeper the soil. The deeper the soil the
more available medium it is for plant
growth and, with less labor applied. Thus
with less acres to cultivate the farmer can
secure more and better crops.

An Important Land Sale
Opening of Palm Beach County Tract Q
of Farming Land Means Much
to Florida.

With due respect to other sections
of Florida in which prospective set-
tlers are offered farming lands, the
new tract recently placed on sale by
the Palm Beach Farms Company, de-
serves especial mention. This tract
which embraces about 50,000 acres,
is situated in Palm Beach County be-
tween the coast and the eastern edge
of the Everglades. The tract has a
width of from one to three miles, thus
permitting economical road building
to all parts. As the land lies within
52 miles of the Florida East Coast
Railway, its transportation facilities
cannot be excelled.
As regards the fertility of the land,
one need only refer to the numerous
reports which have been sent out dur-
ing the past several years from the
state of Florida, Palm Beach County
having credit for most of the large and

productive yields of fruits and vege-
tables during the winter months. In
selecting this new tract of land the
Palm Beach Company carefully ex-
amined its qualities, and advantages
for cultivation, and after a thorough
investigation bought the land as being
the most desirable farming tract in
the state.
Two hundred thousand dollars de-
rived from a bond issue is being spent
by Palm Beach County in the construc-
tion of hard surfaced roads and this
new tract of land will be in close prox-
imity to the proposed highways, while
lateral roads will enable settlers to
reach shipping points with the great-
est facility. The Palm Beach Farms
Company is also building rock roads
in the tract, having contracted for
such and other improvements to the
amount of $100,000.
That Palm Beach County will make
a strong appeal to farmers and others
who wish to invest in Florida lands
can not be doubted. The county is al-
ready well populated, most of the resi-
dents being from the northern states.
Coupled with the many miles of hard
roads now in use and those to be con-
structed, the county offers settlers the
best of schools, churches, banks,
stores, and in fact all things necessary
to the progress and welfare of the

Florida East Coast Exhibit

FOR several months the papers of
Florida have been giving a great
deal of space to a description of
the Florida East Coast Agricultural
Exhibit which is now open in Cin-"
cinnati. Considerable regret is ex-
pressed by all Floridians that this
show could not be held at a more
opportune time, as the exhibit will
undoubtedly fail to show the real ag-
ricultural importance of the state.
Nevertheless, the exhibition will be
well worth attending and it is hoped
that those who can make a visit to
Cincinnati will do so. The exhibi-
tion opened on the 29th of August
and will be continued until the 24th
of this month. A large number of
exhibits from farms and gardens of
the East Coast of Florida have beer
sent to Cincinnati, and photographs
of the country have been secured in
While this show was originated by
the Florida East Coast Railway and
will to a certain extent only show the
merits of the land on the eastern coast
of Florida, the products shown will
give a general idea of the agricultural
features of all southern sections of
the state. The Everglades land has
contributed a part of the exhibits and
visitors will have a chance to see what
this rich soil can do in producing
heavy and profitable crops.



Ownership of Land is Better than Hoarding Money for Interest from Banks


A BANK account may bring sat-
isfaction to the mind of a
young man and may be the
means of inspiring greater efforts on
his part, to accumulate a stock of
worldly goods, but it can never equal
the satisfaction derived from the own-
ership of a tract of land. Parents
have taught their children to save
money, giving them lesson after les-
son on self-denial and economy, but
they have failed to instruct the child
how to invest the money thus saved.
Every parent who instructs his or
her children to save money should car-
ry the education further; the wisdom
of placing savings in the proper place,
where a profit would be derived in
future years, should be fully explain-
When adversity besets one, and the
last dollar is gone, then it is that one
wishes that he owned a piece of land.
Here, at least, would be a home, where
the owner could fight against the howl-
ing wolf. And here, too, he might
retrieve his fortunes, might regain
his place in the world and become
comfortably situated.
Teaching a child to hoard its sav-
ings through the recommendation of
4 or 5 per cent interest, is a danger-
ous tuition. It cultivates qualities
which are despicable, makes the child
miserly, narrow minded, selfish and
unsociable. In time he becomes im-
bued with a desire to have money,
money, money. Nothing else counts
in his little scale, and on reaching
manhood he only strives harder to
make his bank account grow. He has
lost his interest in all things which go
to make life worth living, and gener-
ally ends his days under the reproach-
ful classification by his acquaintances,
a "stingy miser."
But aside from the danger of ac-
quiring the habits described above,
there is the danger of the savings be-
ing swept away in bad speculations or
other adversities which sooner or later

overtake all small bank accounts. At
any rate the account is always in
danger of diminishing.
If the money, so carefully saved,
was invested in land, in good land, the
child would have something better to
live for. He would have an incentive
to work. If he was ambitious and
studious he would soon see that his
farm was bringing greater interest on
the money invested, than would have
been obtained from a savings bank.
And by holding on to his land, when
old age approached he would have a
place to call his own, where landlords
and collectors could not break in to
The ownership of land makes a man
a better citizen whether he is young
or old, and his possessions cause him
to move steadily along like a ship in
good ballast. He will not take big
risks, nor will he take stock in schemes
and propositions which are often the
product of sharpers who live by the
credulity of others.
Fathers could do no better than to
give their sons a tract of land instead
of placing a sum of money in their
hands when they attain their majority.
Send them back to the farm, and there
let them prove they have the abilities

to make a living. A present of sev-
eral hundred dollars is a temptation
to most young men, but a five acre
tract of land with a little string to it,
to prevent its sale, has kept many off
the road to ruin.
In the big cities today there are hun-
dreds of young men walking the
streets looking for work. Many of
them will tell that they received col-
lege educations, but have found no call
for their knowledge, therefore they
offer to do anything that will give
them $10 or $12 a week. Far better
would it have been if the money spent
on their education had been invested
in good land where they would not
have been forced to look for a master.
The country needs more workers,
more producers. The ranks of the
soft-handed class are always filled, and
recruits find good positions hard to

N ORTHERN people are
8 N welcomed in Florida
by the natives, and
There is no hospitality denied 8
new settlers.

Dredge Caloosahatchee in Canal south of Lake Okeechobee.


Florida Everglades Review
Published Monthly by The Florida Everglades Land Co.
1407 Republic Building, Chicago, Illinois.
J. H. WHITNEY, Editor.
One year, single subscription, $1.00 to
all parts of the United States. Canadian
postage, 25 cents extra.
Rates for advertising will be furnished
upon application.
Articles relating to any subject within
the scope of this magazine are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscript unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications intended for publica-
tion must be accompanied with real name
as a guarantee of good faith.
Subscribers when writing to have the
address of their paper changed must
give the old as well as the new address.
Watch your wrapper for date subscrip-
tion expires and remit promptly.

Address all Communications to the Florida
Everglades Review, Republic Build-
ing, Chicago, Ill.


An Answer to the Doctor

WE have become accustomed to
reading and answering knocks
on the Everglades from com-
peting land companies, but the task
of replying to an article in the Med-
ical World, of August, is new and
somewhat strange. Since the Med-
ical World, which is published at
Philadelphia, Pa., through an anony-
mous letter, headed "Florida, June 13,
1910," takes a shot at the Florida
Everglades Land Company, we must
use that as a fulcrum, but will only
give the letter the tilt necessary to ex-
pose its "inwards."
This supposed doctor who fathered
the letter, and who may live at any
old place within the wide borders of
Florida, advises people to buy Ever-
glade land only after a personal in-
spection. His advice, strange as it
may appear, is right in line with the
policy of the Florida Everglades Land
Company. All of the land sold in the
past by this company has been dis-
posed of under the same advice. The
purchasers have either visited the land
or have sent trusted friends to make
inspections for them. The result has
been that the investigators were more
than satisfied, and their unsolicited
testimonials now on file in the com-
pany's office were and are sufficient
to convince the most skeptical that the
Everglades lands are all that is claim-
ed for them.
But the writer of the "letter" ad-
mits that he thinks "selected Ever-

glade land at $40 an acre is a good
investment." "Selected" land is just
what the Everglades Land Company
has been selling. The officers of the
company chose this tract after care-
ful investigation of the many propo-
sitions offered in Florida. The com-
pany offers a reward for the discovery
of "white sand" on their tract, and
the man who can find any of that
kind of soil on the company's tract
will be presented with a ten acre tract
of muck land, absolutely free of
charge. This offer stands and the
letter writer being so sure of his
ground should make a search.
Furthermore, we may mention that
no other than Prof. H. W. Wiley,
Chief Chemist of the United States,
and sometimes M. D., declared that
the Everglades land is the richest in
the world. See his statements on page
176 of the annual report of the De-
partment of Agriculture for 1891.
The issue of the Medical World re-
ferred to continues with the follow-
ing: "The proposal to drain the Ev-
erglades achieves slow progress."
Evidently the editor of the World is
misinformed or not informed at all.
The State of Florida, in addition to
carrying on work for several years,
has awarded a $2,000,000 contract for
nearly two hundred miles of drainage
canals and the contracting company
is now working night and day, with
prospects of completing the job with-
in less than two years. Now, as the
Medical World is so badly out of line
on this point, it stands to reason that
other assertions may be worth but lit-
tle credence.
The World states that Dr. J. J.
Taylor, editor of the Medical Council,
has thoroughly investigated the Ever-
glades proposition, and then follows
Dr. Taylor's little squib, in which he
says that people moving from Utah to
Florida, and from Florida to Utah,
are deserving of sympathy. The ed-
itor of the Everglades Review can say,
after having lived in Florida for
twenty-five years, he has never seen or
known of a single person leaving Flor-
ida for Utah. Why should they?
We could write all day in answer
to these knocks, but what's the use?
These writers of letters attempt to
tell all about Florida and the Ever-
glades without the least knowledge of
their subject. As for the editors of
the medical journals who will give
space to such stuff, let us hope that if
they are practicing medicine, they have
more knowledge of that profession
than of the Everglades. For the sake
of their patients, let us hope so.

One Man's Reasons

Minneapolis, Minn., July 28, '10.
Editor Florida Everglades Review,
Chicago, Ill.:
Dear Sir-Perhaps I can give ex-
pression to a few thoughts which
will encourage those who have in-
vested in Everglade land, although
I have never seen the Everglades
but am purchasing a tract of land
near Lake Okeechobee.
The first thing necessary to plant
life is climate. This we have to per-
fection on our lands south of Lake
Okeechobee. Here frosts can never
visit, and all the year 'round there
is summer weather, continuous plant
growth and cultivation.
The second necessity is water.
This we have, and when the State
has completed the system of canals
and Lake Okeechobee is lowered to
four feet below its usual stage, when
locks are built in the canals capable
of holding the water in check at just
such a level as is required for plant
life, vegetation can never suffer
from lack of moisture.
But the Okeechobee tract being
the highest and at the source of the
water supply will not have to wait
until the whole system is worked
out; only until the canals have been
dug through our lands to carry the
water past us.
The third necessity is soil. This
we surely have, as is evidenced by
the hundreds of letters and.testimon-
ials of buyers who have visited the
Okeechobee tract since the State be-
gan its reclamation work, and also
the reports of those who have farm-
ed on that part of the land reclaimed
by the canals already dug. What
a story of hidden wealth these re-
ports have given!
But this is not all. We have the
testimony of the State and National
officials, and numerous soil experts.
Very prominent among this lot of
testimony is the report of Chief
Chemist Wiley of the Department
of Agriculture in his report as pub-
lished in 1891, regarding the soil of
the Everglades.
For all this testimony we do not
have to look to the land boomers
and real estate agents. To the lat-
ter we only look for prices and
terms of sale. I saw this from the
first, and I thoroughly investigated
the proposition until convinced that
it was the finest proposition that


ever came before the American peo-
ple, and was pre-eminently the poor
man's opportunity.
From the time we can get on the
land, but two or three years will be
necessary to thoroughly develop the
country, in contrast with the time
of ten and twenty years required in
the north. The wheat and grain
farmers have also had to carry their
.,products for distances of fifty and
seventy-five miles.
There is but one other thing to
make the picture complete, and that
is the providing of transportation
and markets. For the first we shall
-have the canals, each one being an
avenue of transportation and freight
traffic, and in two or three years af-
ter the land is opened there will be
railways, towns, centers of trade,
and markets, while schools and
churches will spring up like magic.
Our relation to the markets of the
world- is second to none. We are
about one-third of the distance near-
er to markets of the north than is
California, and we have no mou'n-
tains to cross. We are within easy
reach of Europe, another market of
great future possibilities. And by
being in the United States we will
have no duties to pay in competition
with Cuban and foreign products.
E. S. C.

The original of the above letter
is on file in the office of the Ever-
glades Review. As it came unso-
licited and is written by a man who
has never seen the Everglades, but
!.who has made a close study of the
reports of others, it is offered to our
readers with the hopes that they,
too, will give a little study to the
future development of Florida as
made possible by the drainage pro-

Send in your name and address, and
date on which you expect to leave for

Wild Rubber Trees, East Shore Lake Okeechobee.

I Rubber Trees in South Florida Y

T HE cultivation of rubber trees
as a source of profit is one of
the possibilities of the southern
section of Florida. In fact, the ex-
periments made with species of trees
such as are grown in Mexico and
Central'America have resulted so suc-
cessfully that there is little doubt that
an extension of the industry will be
seen in the near future.
Unfortunately most of the capital
invested in the rubber industry, or
the cultivation and propagation of
trees, has been sent to foreign coun-
tries, and Florida has never received
the attention it deserves. While in
years gone by the opinion of growers
was that a perfectly tropical climate
was necessary to the successful and
profitable production of rubber, later
investigations have exposed the fal-
lacy of this idea, and it is now known
that several varieties of the rubber
tree can be grown in semi-tropical
With the opening of the Ever-
glades there will be presented a valu-
able opportunity for planting rubber
trees, as the muck soil seems especial-
ly suited for them. On the island of
Key West a large number of trees

were planted several years ago, and
while their growth was all that could
have been desired the experiment
was never carried to a point necessary
to establish the real possibilities of a
rubber plantation.
In nearly every settlement in the
southern part of Florida small rub-
ber trees can be found growing lux-
uriantly, having been planted as a
shade tree or an ornamental plant.
Many property owners object to them
on account of the accumulation of
leaves, which drop to the ground at
certain times of the year. In the
woods of southern Florida can be
found a species of rubber tree com-
monly called "wild fig," but pointed
out to visitors and tourists as the real
rubber tree. This is the same tree
from which rubber of the Philippines
is obtained, its proper name being
Ficus Elastica. It is said to be the
real East Indian rubber tree, and un-
til a few years ago was thought to
be confined to that country and adja-
cent islands.
Since Florida has produced nearly
every fruit or farm product peculiar
to the real tropical countries, it is
reasonable to believe that rubber can
also be produced there. The tree
principally cultivated in Mexico at the


present time is the Castilla, and hun-
dreds of these trees have been planted
in Florida. As has been stated, they
were merely set out as ornaments or
shade trees and no test has been made
of their rubber yielding qualities.
While there are hundreds of acres
in Mexico and Central America given
over to rubber plantations, the in-
dustry is still in its infancy, as is
shown by an extract from a recent
report of Consul L. W. Haskell, of
Tehauntepec, Mexico, as follows:
"The industry has largely arisen in the
last decade. It can be stated positively
that the rubber actually put on the market
from cultivated rubber plantations in this
consular district is as yet a negligible quan-
tity. This does not signify that rubber will
not be produced in large quantities, as the
tree takes years to mature."
The importations of rubber into the
United States is third in importance
in the list of tropical imports, accord-
ing to a report of the Department of
Agriculture of several years ago. It
is possible that with the constantly
increasing demand for rubber in the
manufacture of tires for automobiles
and other vehicles a report for the
present time would give rubber a
higher rating.
The following, from a report of
Consul A. J. Lespinasse, of Frontera,
Mexico, gives further information of
the industry in that country:
The approximate number of rubber plan-
tations in Tabasco and northern Chiapas
is thirty-five, representing a total acreage
of 350,000 to 400,000 acres. A rough esti-
mate of the number of rubber trees culti-
vated thereon is 100,00,000 to 12,000,000.
Trees may be tapped when seven or
eight years old, but it seems to be con-
ceded that trees should be older, say, ten
years old. The older and larger the tree
the greater the product, within reasonable

limits. Probably the greatest yield would
come when a tree is between 20 and 30
years old. It costs $75 to $150 an acre to
cultivate to the yielding period, depending
on local conditions and management. On
a successful plantation, well managed, a
gross revenue of $100 when trees are ten
years old might be expected and $350 when
the trees are 20 years old.
The amount of American capital invest-
ed in this industry is about $10,000,000.
This includes what has been invested in
unprofitable ventures, many of which were
not conceived or carried out in good faith,
as well as the bona fide enterprises hon-
estly and well managed.
While Florida soil may be more
valuable for fruits and vegetables of
various kinds, the new settlers could
make no better venture than that of
planting rubber trees in such spots
as could not be cultivated easily. Or,
if preferred, rubber trees could be
planted as a border around the lines
of the farm, and in time to come
would undoubtedly give a handsome
return. In any event there is bound
to be a good profit in rubber, and if
Florida can add the industry to her
already long list of profitable things,
it will be a further recommendation
for the state.

Owing to the great interest in Flor-
ida, and the numerous requests for
information of lands and conditions
in that state, we are extending our list
of sample copies. This step is taken
merely to assist in the advertisement
of Florida, and we trust that our ef-
forts will meet with the appreciation
of all who receive a copy of the Re-
view. If you get two copies, give one
to your neighbor, or better than that,
ask him to send in his subscription
along with your own.

00o0X0XCOOOOc OC0000x 000Xoo -0
Don't Be Impatient

OO many people imagine that the
drainage of the Everglades
should be completed in a few
months. Too many fail to give the
proper estimation to this gigantic pro-
ject of land reclamation, and failing
to give sufficient thought and consid-
eration to the task, they are prone to
become dissatisfied with the Ever-
glades as a whole.
Should we give space in the Review
for answering every letter relative to
the probable time of completing the
Everglades drainage, it would be nec-
essary to have several extra pages.
We appreciate the inquiries received,
and endeavor to make plain any points
not understood by those who have
purchased Everglades land; but we
wish to state in answer to the hun-
dreds who seem eager to get on their
The contractors who have the big
undertaking under way are doing
magnificent work, and there is no
doubt that they will complete the ca-
nals long ahead of the time allotted
them. The company doing this work
is quite as eager to finish the task as
the land buyers are to see them com-
plete it. But there is a limit to the
speed which can be made. There are
many things to be done before this
land will be ready for the settlers;
before it will be ready for cultivation.
While the dredges are working the
land buyers can well afford to sit
back in contentment. Every mile or
canal completed means an increased
value of each acre of land in the Ever-
glades, and those who are holding
contracts can without a stretch of the
imagination determine the profits they
are making just by holding their lands
and noting the advance in price of
lands now on sale. We recently saw
a letter written by a lady at Fort
Myers, who after seeing the Ever-
glades, bought two ten-acre tracts. An
acquaintance made her an offer for
her holdings and she politely but em-
phatically stated that she had no desire
to sell, as she realized just what the
Everglades lands would be worth.

It costs 24 cents to mail twelve cop-
ies of the Review to you, leaving 76
cents from the subscription price of
one dollar, to pay for the cost of print-
ing, wrappers, etc. Surely the Review
must be worth $1 to you.

A Load of Golden Oranges.
Florida Trees often Require Supports to Prevent Breaking Limbs.


AN Iowa farmer in a recent let-
to the Review asked the above
question, adding the statement
that he had heard of failures of sev-
eral who had started farms in Flor-
In answering his query it is neces-
sary to give a wider range to "what is
considered a failure?" If failure was
caused by ignorance of climate, soil,
and general farming methods, indo-
lence, carelessness, improvidence, and
a disregard of those rules and methods
which have brought success to plant-
ers in Florida, then we must admit
that there have been failures in that.
But in making this admission, we
beg to enter Florida in the class of
other states where failures have re-
sulted occasionally, even if the farm-
ers do make money when good seasons
prevail. The 'Iowa man probably ov-
erlooked the fact that failures are not
unknown in his home state. From the
various grain raising districts of the
west comes the news that corn has suf-
fered from the heat and drouth. Fre-
quently we hear that the fruit grow-
ers of California have had bad luck
with their products. Every section
of the country has been in the failure

column at one time or another. The
lean year will follow the fat year, no
matter where the wanderer may pitch
his tent.
But it is hardly fair to concentrate
the whole question' on Florida, or, in
other words, set it aside for judgment,
as the only state in the union which
could be subjected to a cross-examina-
tion of its virtues and its short-com-
And yet we are willing to have Flor-
ida discussed in comparison with
other states. A failure of the orange
crop in Florida does not mean a gen-
eral failure, neither does the failure
of the tomato crop spell disaster for
the farmers. The diversity of things
raised profitably in Florida is a guar-
antee against absolute failure, and the
man who plants different fruits and
vegetables is as wise as the man who
deposits his money in different banks.
One bank with closed doors would not
mean a loss of all his money.
Hundreds of men have gone to
Florida with small capital and have
made tremendous successes in farm-
ing, fruit growing and trucking. These
were all hard working men, and they
were used to hard knocks such as
come to every tiller of the soil. But

in their work in Florida they did not
claim to know it all, just because they
had farmed in the north. They real-
ized that they would have to adopt
different methods and they carefully
watched their neighbors who had
been in the state for years
Having mastered the necessary de-
tails of farming in Florida, they be-
gan to work, and they worked. They
used every day in the year, in some
way that would advance their inter-
ests. They selected good land, and in
many cases, although farming on a
small scale, they made money from
the start.
These men lived economically.
They invested their profits in such
things as were needed to give them
greater returns, and a wider scope.
If they saw difficulties, they prepared
to overcome them; they lost no time
in complaining. They succeeded.
Show us a farmer who is going to
Florida with the hopes of making a
success while sitting in the shade of
the porch and we will tag that man
with a "failure medal." The corner
store whittler will not make a success
in any place, and even Florida, with
its exceptional advantages, cannot
promise wealth to the indolent man.
The history of every successful
farmer in Florida or any other state
is a story of hard work. True, he
may have soon emerged from the
stage of personal farm work, but his
attention was transferred to superin-
tending and directing the work of his
hired men. It is work, and only
work, which gives success, and
with this lesson thoroughly learned,
any farmer can rest assured of suc-
cess in Florida.
To sum up, Florida farms do pay.
They pay better for the same expen-
diture of money and labor than those
of other states. The only men who
complain of failure in Florida are
those who failed before they went
there. Others of the same class can
be found croaking in all parts of the
United States. They are unworthy
of consideration, and merely fill a lit-
tle angular notch in the world, where
any other kind of mud would serve
as well.

TrEN acres and happi-
1 7 ness is more than a
possibility on the Ev-
erglades. It is a certainty to
the progressive man.

Sweet Potatoes at Lake Okeechobee Experimental Farm.

Will Farming in Florida Pay?


The "Traveler's Tree," One of the Most Beautiful of Florida's Palms.

I ) Honey. Bees in Florida
eoSsXS!So ....E.......S X oo

DESPITE the fact that Florida
has been known for years as
"The Land of Flowers," bee
culture in that state is in its infancy.
In the face of facts which guarantee
a certain and continual profit from a
well-managed apiary in Florida, but
few attempts have been made to de-
velop the business as it is carried on
in other states. Today there is an
opening in Florida for skilled apiar-
ists, and he who engages in the indus-
try in an intelligent manner will never
regret the step.
Florida has a wonderful and inex-
haustible supply of wild flowers, near-
ly all of which are good honey pro-
ducers. Every month in the year there
is an opportunity for bees to be at
work if they are located in the proper
place. One man, 0. 0. Poppleton, of
Stuart, Fla., has studied the condi-
tions in Florida, and to provide a
means of transportation for his bees
has a large lighter on which he loads
his hives to move them from one
place to another.

By this means h.N locates bee hives
in convenient places along the edges
of the rivers and bays of the lower
East Coast of Florida, making it an
easy matter to keep up with the work
of extracting honey and caring for
new swarms of bees.
When the palmetto blooms appear
in the summer, Mr. Poppleton has his
bees where they can reach acres and
acres of land covered with this rich
honey bearing blossom. As winter ap-
proaches, he gathers his hives and
transports them farther southward to
the Florida keys, where the black
mangrove and other trees come into
bloom during the winter and spring
months. Not only is Mr. Poppleton's
method unique, but it is also profit-
able. The extent of Florida's inland
waterways gives ample room for oth-
ers to follow the same methods on
either the East or West coasts of the
On the Florida keys can be found
hundreds of swarms of wild bees,
which are probably wanderers from

some apiary or small colony. Most
of these bees are of the Italian vari-
ety, and even in their wild state they
show wonderful prosperity. There
are few insects to molest them, and
having selected the hollow of a large
tree as a home, their future is as-
Farther northward on the Florida
peninsula good honey can be obtained
from the wild blossoms, thus insuring
the apiarist a steady supply of honey,
once he has arranged his bees in prop-
er condition. The profits from ex-
tracted honey are large enough to in-
duce anyone to engage in the busi-
ness, but like other things, a knowl-
edge of the work is essential to suc-
cess. Bee keeping is an attractive
work, and in Florida it becomes
doubly attractive, as there is no
closed season for the little workers,
and no need for feeding, or a reserve
supply of food.
In the southern part of the state
it is possible to have three and four
extractions each year, and a heavy
yield of honey is always obtained
from each hive. Nearly every far-
mer has a few hives of bees, but there
are not many well arranged and sci-
entifically managed apiaries in the
state. Since the great awakening
which has taken place in Florida dur-
ing the past few years, there has been
numerous inquiries about the possibil-
ities of profitable bee culture, and in-
dications are promising for a devel-
opment of the industry in the near
There is money in bee keeping if
it is managed properly. Bee keeping
is being carried on with both profit
and pleasure by many thousands of
people in all parts of the United
States, and while, as a rule, it is not
the sole occupation of those who pur-
sue it, there are many places where
an experienced bee keeper can make
a good living by devoting his entire
time and attention to this line of
The average annual honey yield per
colony for the entire country should
be from twenty-five to thirty pounds
of comb honey, or forty to fifty
pounds of extracted honey. The


money return to be obtained from this
crop depends entirely on the market
and the methods of selling the honey.
If sold direct to the customer, ex-
tracted honey brings from 10 to 20
cents per pound, and comb honey
from 15 to 25 cents per section. If
sold to dealers, the price varies from
6 to 10 cents for extracted honey and
from 10 to 15 cents for comb honey.
All of these estimates depend largely
on the quality and neatness of the

| Think This Over

Fifty years ago one could probably
have bought the entire Everglades dis-
trict from the State of Florida for-,
about ten cents an acre. Companies
recently placing Everglades land on
the market have fixed a price of S50
an acre with reservations in their plan
of sale to provide a higher price if
deemed necessary.
There are a dozen different facts
which might be cited to prove the
profits already derived by purchasers
of Everglades lands, but they are
hardly necessary if one stops to weigh
happenings and conditions as they ap-
pear from time to time. Two million
dollars is being spent for reclaiming
the Everglades. Every man who owns
an acre of land is getting a part of
that two millions. But further than
that, he is getting an interest on his
money through the constantly increas-
ing price of Everglade land.
Don' let anyone induce you to part
with your land now. You may sell
your land at $50 an acre, and per-
haps you will see the price go to $100
an acre within six months afterward.
It will never decrease in value, of
that you can be certain. Keep your
Everglade land at whatever cost, and
don't allow someone else to make the
profits which must certainly come to
you when the fertile prairies have been
opened to settlers.

ST HAT winter supply of
coal is not needed in
OCOOC_' 2OOO^Cc,~,Cco-ooo x:

"Bill and the Cornstalk."
A LATE message from Florida
gives the horrifying news re-
garding a young boy who
climbed a cornstalk to see how the
corn was getting along, and now the
stalk is growing up faster than the
boy can climb down. The boy is
"plumb of out sight." Three men
have undertaken to cut down the stalk
with axes and save the boy from
starvation, but it grows so fast that
they can't hit twice in the same place.
The boy is living on nothing but raw
corn, and has already thrown down
a bushel of cobs.

A Tomato Tree at Lake Okeechobee. This Tree
was Impo ted from South America.

Why Go to Canada

T O one who is acquainted with
the State of Florida and others
of the Southern states, emigra-
tion of farmers from the United
States to Canada is indeed surprising.
It is said that 500,000 farmers have
crossed the border between the two
countries, in a search for greater com-

forts and better opportunities for
making a living. Without attempting
to lessen the importance of Canada,
or the fertility of the soil up there
where King Winter rules the greater
part of the year, we are sorry that a
part of the 500,000 people did not turn
their faces southward when they were
looking for new homes.
No matter where a man locates in
the southern states, he will find more
pleasant surroundings, better oppor-
tunities for making a good living, and
superior conditions in every respect
than will be his lot in Canada. The
emigrant goes to the wheat fields, with
the belief that he is destined to gather
riches from the fields of grain. He
loses sight of the long list of crops
which he could grow in the southland.
He must prepare for the cold weather
I in his northern home, and his labors
to resist the pinch of the chill air and
deep snows do not end when his sup-
ply of fuel is gathered. He must have
feed for his stock while they huddle
shivering in the barns.
"Way down south" his winter work
differs but little from the summer em-
ployment. His cattle can roam the
woods in safety and comfort. His
fields will give forth a supply of fuel
throughout the coldest months. His
barns are light and easily constructed,
and when he retires at night, the Flor-
ida farmer has no dread of a blizzard,
nor the anticipation of a deep snow
bank between the house and the barn
when morning comes.
Above all these things the southern
farmer continues his work twelve
Months of the year; for in Florida
there is no closed season for the tiller
of the soil. In fact, when his less for-
tunate brother is getting ready to go
into winter quarters, the southern
farmer is just stretching his muscles
in preparation for his big money-mak-
ing winter crops.
It would be gratifying if Florida
and Canada could be placed side by
side for judgment. There is little
doubt that the Land of Flowers would
win the majority of these farmers who
are treking northward, carrying with
them wealth and energy which of a
right belongs in the United States.


The First Everglade Farm. View of Cleared Land Near Lake Okeechobee. 3.C0S Panama Plants
Now Growing on this Field.

What Would You Do With the Everglades
asa sC'ae

SEVERAL months ago, at a meet-
ing of the Jacksonville, Florida,
Board of Trade, two friends en-
gaged in conversation over in one cor-
ner of the room. After some time
their talk drifted to the drainage fo
the Everglades, at that time a subject
of general discussion in Florida. One
of the men was an advocate of drain-
age, while the other, without having
given much attention or study to the
project, was ready to condemn the
whole proposition.
After a few minutes given to a
"feeling out," the man with the objec-
tions hurled at his friend, "Well, if
you owned the Everglades, after it
was drained, what would you do with
"I think I would be almost like the
French peasant woman who, after a
life of poverty, dropped dead when
she drew the grand prize in the na-
tional lottery," answered the drainage
advocate. "But I'll tell you. After
I had a few autos and a yacht and
several other things, which would nec-
essarily be the rights and privileges of
a man who could own such an empire
as the Everglades, I would plant the

whole great territory in something the
world needed."
"Yes, I know a:l about that," said
the other, "but suppose 100,000 peo-
ple located on the Everglades, and all
of them wished to grow sugar cane.
What would you do about that?"
"That's a simple proposition, my
dear fellow. If there was not enough
demand for their sugar cane, or if they
could not make enough money in grow-
ing that crop, I would induce half of
them to raise something else, rice for
instance. That would leave 50,000
growing cane and 50,000 growing
rice. Now, perhaps, you might ques-
tion the profits from those two things,
with such a large number of people
making them their main crops. Should
it become apparent that rice and sugar
cane could not be grown profitably by
the 100,000 farmers we have imagined
at work on the 'Glades, I would di-
rect them to make a further diversity
of crops, increasing the number of
things to be cultivated or grown until
each particular crop would demand a
place and a good price on the markets
of the country."
The man with the objections seemed


to be digesting this line of reasoning,
but his friend was not ready to stop.
"You will allow that the Everglades
land will produce a greater variety of
fruits and vegetables than most any
other part of the country, and those
things can be marketed at a price far
above the products of the northern
states, because the Everglade farmer
will be shipping his stuff when he has
no competition from other sections,"
the drainage man continued; "so you
see if you will make a reasonable es-
timate of about fifty different fruits
and vegetables being grown through-
out the year, each 2,000 people of your
100,000 could make a specialty of a
different crop."
"But they won't work that way,"
the argumentative one asserted. "You
know as well as I do that the farmers
will all want to grow such things as
will give them the greatest profits, and
when all of them do that, somebody
will get the bad end of the game."
"I will agree with you on that
point," said the drainage man, "if you
insist that all of the farmers who go
to the Everglades will be short on in-
telligence. But the same thing which
holds true in all other agricultural sec-
tions, namely, the necessity for a dis-
tribution of work in different lines,
will follow the settlement of the Ever-
glades. Our workers all endeavor to
get the most profitable employment,
but all cannot engage in the best pay-
ing trades. Some must work ior less,
if they cannot master the higher class
of employment. Some of our Ever-
glade farmers will be leaders in one
line, others will excel in another, and
with such a big territory, with such
wonderful advantages, such ideal cli-
matic conditions, and such a large
market to be developed, no man can
at the present time reasonably fix a
limit to the possibilities of the Ever-
glades after the drainage is completed
and the vast tract of level land is un-
der cultivation."
"Of course I have not given the
Everglades proposition much study,"
the drainage opponent weakly admit-
ted, "and I suppose it will all work
out right. Any way, it is going to be
a great thing for Florida, because it
will bring thousands of people to our
"What I regret most of all," said
the other, as they moved up to the
front of the room, "is that our citi-
zens, those who live in Florida, and
should by all means be well acquainted
with the Everglades, are just the peo-
ple who do not know much about the
new farming section which is being de-
veloped. Some of them are beginning
to give the proper value to the work,


7 the Florida East Coast railroad, and about
five or six miles west of this line.
"The road will be financed by the Palm
Beach Farms Company and will be for
the convenience of the farmers who are
expected to settle on the holdings of this
company within a short time. The C. T.
McCrimmon Company, of Miami, will do
the work when operations are begun.
"Mr. C. J. West, local representative of
the farms company, states that he has in
P e N w terviewed prominent business men of this
y Pcity and found them enthusiastic, and ready
to support the project."
It may be added that the plans of
the promoters of the new line provide
for motor cars of ample size and
power to take care of freight and
passenger traffic. This style of road
will permit of extensions in the most
rapid manner, and it is reasonable to
suppose that the road will be extended
westward into the Everglades proper
as soon as the drainage work is com-
pleted and settlement on the land calls
for transportation facilities.

j Letter From Missourians

St. Louis, Mo., Aug. 12, '10.
EucalyDtus Tree at Fort Myers, Florida Everglade Land Co., Re-
public Bldg., Chicago, Ill.:
but they are sore because they did not Gentlemen-WVe, the undersign-
get hold of some of this land while it ed, left St. Louis on the 2nd of
was selling cheap. The buyers from August, 1910, and arrived at your
the northern states were wise and Experimental Farm on the south
they have taken a prize right from un- shore of Lake Okeechobee, Florida,
der our noses." on August 7th, 1910, and found ev-
erything as represented in your
Literature. We saw hog weeds 43
Proposed New Railway inches in circumference on Hall's
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Place. The land will certainly grow

INDICATIONS point to the early
construction of a new railway
which is to skirt the eastern edge
of the Everglades from Balm Beach
southward through the lands of the
Palm Beach Farms Company. The
press reports of the new project are
as follows:
This city (West Palm Beach) may soon
be the terminal of a new railroad. The
plans are all made and the men who are
back of the project state that the work is
going to be done. The road will be nar-
row gauge, and will be in the nature of an
interurban line.
"The projected line of road will run
from West Palm Beach west through the
Okeechohee road lands, and then striking a
southerly course, will go through the large
land holdings of the Palm Beach Farms
Company. It will extend south probably
as far as Deerfield, running parallel with

anything and in the lake there is
plenty of fish, which we all enjoyed
several meals of while there. We
went down the South Canal and saw
the big dredge working through
your land and viewed the saw grass
from its deck. The land is black
and must be very rich, as both wild
and cultivated vegetation proves it.
Besides our party there were buyers
from Kansas, Iowa, Illinois and
Wisconsin, and all were well pleas-
ed with what they saw.
The water in the lake is clear and
healthful and Mr. Callahan is a liv-
ing testimonial of the healthfulness
of the climate. He is 65 years old,
works hard, but is rugged and
R. P. Tetley,
Flat River, Mo.
A. M. Dudley,
Sestus, Mo.
Wm. L. Swan,
Herculaneum, Mo.
Louis Hebenheimer,
Herculaneum, Mo.
C. E. Ellis,
Herculaneum, Mo.
John Carroll,
1315 Clara Ave.,
St. Louis, Mo.

We would like to have all our
subscribers act as agents. Write
for information and induce- -
ments for soliciting subscrip-
tions. You can easily make the
work pay you.

Bound for Lake Okeechobee. Land Buyers Enjoy the River Voyage.


View of-River and Hotel Grounds at Miami, Florida.
-View of;River and Hotel Grounds at Miami, Florida.

Winter Trains to Florida

RECOGNIZING the demand for
the approaching winter months,
good train service to Florida for
the various railroads operating from
the north and west are already mak-
ing preparations for handling the trav-
elers in a satisfactory way. While all
the roads observe a certain competitive
policy, the general result is to give
travelers much better and comfortable
service. '
The famous old "Dixie Flyer," op-
erated over several different lines be-
tween Chicago and Jacksonville, Flor-
ida, has long enjoyed a reputation as
one of the best routes to the south and
judging from the present movement of
the officials of that line, the trains for
the season of 1910 and 1911 will be
even more attractive than in past
This train maintains a very fast
schedule during the tourist season, and
this has greatly added to the prestige
and favor of the road in past years.
For the next season a new train is
planned and will be put in service on
the 1st of November. It will leave
Chicago daily at 9:50 p. m. and will
arrive in Jacksonville the second
morning at 7:50. A five compartment
drawing observation car, a standard
sixteen section sleeper, a twelve sec-
tion drawing room sleeper, a dining
car, chair car and day coach will make
up the equipment of the Dixie

Electric lights and every modern
convenience for comfort and care of
travelers will be included in the cars
used on this train.

The Southern Railway.

Another of the roads making a spe-
cialty of handling tourists and home-
seekers from the north to Florida
points is the Southern Railway. The
approaching season will see the excel-
lent service of this road maintained in
every way and ir point of comfort for
patrons the trains over the Southern
will be equal to any operating from
the north. Beginning the season with
other roads in anticipation of a heavy
tourist trade, the Southern Railway
wNill install a train, the "Florida Lim-
ited," composed of first-class sleepers
and parlor cars.
The route of the Florida Limited
is via the Big Four Route to Cincin-
nati. Queen & Crescent Route to Chat-
tanooga, and Southern Railway to
Jacksonville. Through sleeping cars
are operated, leaving Chicago daily at
9:05 p. m. from the Central Station,
Twelfth and Park Row, arriving Jack-
sonville second morning at 8:30 a. m.,
connecting with all morning south-
bound trains in Jacksonville, Union
Depot, for Florida points.
Train passes through Indianapolis,
Cincinnati, through the famous Blue
Grass region of Kentucky, passing
Lexington, the principal market of the
blooded racing stock. Kentucky River
is crossed on the celebrated "High
Ridge." Through Middle Tennessee

the country becomes more rugged and
the road follows down the east side of
the gorge of the Emory River. After
leaving Chattanooga and passing
Lookout Mountain, the center of the
North Georgia peach growing district
is passed through at Dalton, Ga.,
about forty miles south of Chatta-
nooga. Thence through Rome, At-
lanta and Macon, Ga., the line reaches
Jacksonville via the direct route over
the Southern Railway, the through
route being the most scenic of all lines
reaching Florida.
The "Dixie Flyer" and the South-
ern Railway trains make especial pro-
visions for homeseekers from points
in the north and west to Florida and
other southern states. Travelers may
secure the lowest rates over either
road, but as each line follows a route
through different parts of the country,
there is an opportunity for a variety
of scenery on the way southward or
when returning.

Favors Demonstration Farms

f R. J. M. TAYLOR, a well-
known Floridian, is an enthus-
iast on the subject of experi-
mental or demonstration farms. He
recently gave his views in an inter-
view which was published in the Flor-
ida Times-Union. Dr. Taylor said in
"The greatest problem before the people
of this country today is the scarcity of
farm products, which is the natural result
of the scarcity of scientific farmers. The
crisis has been reached, and the only thing
that will avert a great panic in the near fu-
ture is to turn the people back to the soil.
This cannot be done in a minute, and to be
done at all, with any degree of success, it
must start with the boys.
"Take a large tract of land, say, 640
acres, divide it up into small farms, with
one large demonstration farm in the cen-
ter. Put a boy to work on a five-acre
tract, set aside for him, and to be deeded
to him, provided he stays until he is 21.
Let him work on the demonstration farm,
a few hours a day, for his food and lodg-
ing and spend the remainder of the time
studying the principles of scientific farm-
ing, and carrying them out in practice on
his own five acres. This apprenticeship
would be of inestimable value, not only to
the boys themselves, but to the community
at large, and the money received by them
for the sale of their farm products would
amount to considerable.
"The state of Missouri has started a
movement of this nature, and is going to
establish a demonstration farm in every
county throughout the state, in which it
will have the co-operation of the govern-
ment, which will furnish the services of its
experts. This plan could be adopted by
1lorida, as there are immense tracts of
land all over the state that could be util-
ized, and the beneficial results would be

Information Column
CX C 000CCCCX000C0 00 X000CX'XDO
Continued from 2nd Page Cover
Fort Myers, Fla. Other inland voy-
ages are afforded by rivers and canals
along the Atlantic coast.
Boise, Idaho, Aug. 22, '10.
Editor Everglades Review:
Dear Sir-In looking over a map of
Florida, I notice that there is a chain
of lakes along the eastern coast of the
state and down to the northern end
of Lake Okeechobee. Is it possible to
make an inland trip from the mouth
of the St. John's river to Lake Okee-
chobee? Is a system of canals con-
templated to connect Lake Okecho-
bee with streams to the north?
R. H. L.
Although there are hundreds of
small lakes shown on the map of Flor-
ida. few of these have connections
with other bodies of water, and it is
hardly possible that a trip could be
made to Lake Okeechobee over the
route you mention. Years ago a
steamboat line was operated down the
St. Johns river and the light draft
vessels reached Lake Poinsett near
Rockledge. A small stream leads
from Lake Poinsett towards the cen-
tral part of the state, and it is pos-
sible that with a small boat one could
make a voyage of many miles. The
government is conducting several sur-
vevs of the inland water of Florida,
and it is probable that some improve-
ment will be made to the deeper
streams and lakes of the state if com-
inerce justifies such work.
Elmira Heights, N. Y., Aug. 7, '10.
Editor Florida Everglades Review,
Chicago, Ill.:
Dear Sir-Will you please give uin
your opinion of the article in the last
issue of Collier's Weekly in regard to
the freight rates on fruits and garden
truck between Florida and the north
Is the statement true that the rates are
higher than those between California
and New York or Chicago. Thank-
ing you in advance, I am,
Yours very truly, F. R. C.
Not having seen the article in the
magazine you mention, I am unable
to discuss it. I do not believe the
California fruit growers have the ad-
vantage over the Florida farmers in
point of freight rates. During the
past few months there has been a
great change in the freight charges of
the railways operating in Florida.
Prices have been reduced from all
southern points to the northern mar-
kets, thanks to the influence of or-
ganizations of farmers, and the effi-
ciency of the Interstate Commerce
Comilnission. Jacksonville is a gen-

eral distributing point for all products
grown in Florida, and there the ship-
per has'the advantage of transferring
his produce to steamships at the low-
est possible cost of transportation.
St. Joseph, Mo., Aug. 10, '10.
Editor Florida Everglades Review,
Chicago, Ill.:
Dear Sir-I note in the August
number of the Review you invite
questions on the Everglades. On what
date does the Florida Everglades Land
Company expect to hold their draw-
ing, or, rather, when will the distribu-
tion of the land be made? What
would be the best way -to reach the
land from this place? A. E.
The Florida Everglades Land Com-
pany will not hold the opening of their
land until they can guarantee that it
is ready for cultivation. The date of
the opening can not be given at the
present time, as a great deal depends
on the speed of the dredges. It is
expected that the distribution will be
made within a few months, but ample
notice will be given all contract hold&
ers. As regards travel from Missouri
to Florida, I will be glad to furnish
)ou with all information regarding
routes and rates should you let me
know when you expect to make the
trip southward.
Jaqua, Kan., Aug. 15, '10.
Editor Florida Everglades Review :
Dear Sir-Herewith please find
subscription price of the Review ($1),
and would like to ask a question. Is
there any cheap land adjacent to the
Everglades which could be bought for
use as pasture for horses, and would
it be advisable to take western horses
into that country ? I have a few blood-
ed horses which I should like to take
to Florida. Respectfully, C. H. P.,
P. S.-Are there farming lands for
rent or lease near the Everglades?
On the edges of the Everglades

there are thousands and thousands of.
acres of high lands suitable for horses
and cattle. As a general thing these
lands are open to all stock, which is
allowed to roam at will. Western
horses can be taken to Florida with-
out danger to the animals. In fact,
most of the horses in Florida have
been drawn from northern and west-
ern stock farms. You would have but
little trouble in finding land for rent
along the borders of the Everglades.
Much of the farming on the muck
lands is carried on by those who lease
tracts for the season.

Wenatchee, \Wash, Aug. 20, '10.
Editor Florida Everglades Review,
Chicago, Ill.:
Dear Sir-What kind of hardwood
trees are the most profitable on the
land south of Lake Okeechobee?
How far apart should such trees be
planted? How much per acre do
they cost? About what value could
be conservatively placed on a ten
years' growth of one acre of the
most profitable hardwood grown on
the muck land? C. C. B.
Little has been done with hardwood
in Florida, and while the woods are
full of a wild growth of oak, ash,
maple, elm, and other kinds of trees,
none have been planted by settlers.
Very recently the government ar-
ranged to plant ten acre tracts in
eucalyptus, the trees to be given to
the owners of the land after ten years'
growth. These experiments are being
conducted in the southern portion of
Florida near Lake Okeechobee. The
borders of the Everglades contain a
heavy growth of hardwood trees of
various kinds, the most valuable of
which is the Maderia, or Spanish ce-
dar. It is impossible to give an esti-
mate of profit from hardwood grown
on the Everglades, as no figures are
at hand.

Big Shade Trees at Fort Myers.

11 p aar aW wA a a L a a A Va a a A" t.w W WS'W



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Having closed the sale of 64,240 acres of
land owned by the Florida Everglades Land
Company, the same management now offers
for sale 6o,ooo acres of
The Palm Beach
Farms Company Tract
$25 0.00
$10.00 Down a -! J10.00 a Month
Buys a Contract and a Town Lot

This land is in Palm Beach County, Florida,
lying five and one-half miles west of the Flor-
ida East Coast Railway. The tract averages
three miles in width and is forty miles in
length. The land will be ready for settlement
in March, 191 1.

yr~t~gl'~~ .wrr~ wv S~~n~ S r W 55 S

The Palm Beac
Farms Companr




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