• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Frontispiece
 Main














Title: Florida Everglades review
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094885/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida Everglades review
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Whitney, J. H
Whitney, J. H
Florida Everglades Land Company
Donor: unknown ( endowment )
Publisher: Florida Everglades Land Co.
Place of Publication: Chicago
Chicago
Publication Date: June 1910
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Everglades   ( lcsh )
Drainage -- Periodicals -- Florida -- Everglades   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Everglades (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1, nos. 1-6; 1910.
Numbering Peculiarities: No more published.
General Note: Editor: J.H. Whitney.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094885
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01387522

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Frontispiece
        Frontispiece
    Main
        Page A-1
        Page A-2
        Page B-1
        Page B-2
        Page B-3
        Page B-4
        Page B-5
        Page B-6
        Page B-7
        Page B-8
        Page B-9
        Page B-10
        Page B-11
        Page B-12
        Page B-13
        Page B-14
        Page B-15
        Page B-16
        Page B-17
        Page B-18
Full Text


Flor ida


\evr alajec s


/755/. 1
F6,34S


v. /l o~. 4
n Se// 5


re 'Vevv






























UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA LIBRARIES


P K YONGE
LIBRARY
OF
FLORIDA
HISTORY





FLORIDA


1910


V ) ,


EVERGLADES

REVIEW


EXPERIMENTAL FA..J ON LAKE OKEECHOBEE.


"It is an insult to the skilland intelligence of the American engineer
to say that the Everglades can not be drained, or that it will not pay to
drain them. In all my experience as a drainage engineer, I do not know
of a single instance in which a comprehensive plan of drainage of swamp
land has been conceived and carried out that the lands have not been
reclaimed and made valuable. The drainage of swamp lands is not an
experiment. It is as old as civilization."
Major J. 0. Wright,
Supervising Drainage Engineer of the United States
Department of Agriculture.
Fs >
r F i3' ~.-


June






























































































NAPOLEON B- BROWARD
"The Father of The Everglades"

FORMER GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA
NOW A CANDIDATE FOR THE U. S. SENATE








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


Vol. I CHICAGO, JUNE, 1910 No. I




Draining the Everglades-Bids for the Work Will be Opened on June15


Recent Decision of State Officials Removes Last Possible Doubt as to Final
Completion of the Great Reclamation Project


TO those who formerly expressed
doubts as to the eventual work
of the State of Florida in the
reclamation of the Everglades lying in
that state, the news of the recent decision
of the state officials to give out the con-
tracts for the drainage will be of especial
interest. The following is given from a
report made public after a meeting of the
Florida officials on the third of May:
"Calling for the digging of 238 miles of
canals and involving the excavation of
approximately eighteen million cubic yards
of earth and six million cubic yards of
rock, the specifications for the carrying out
of the great Everglades drainage project
have at last been fully completed and agreed
upon, and sealed bids have been asked
by the Board of Trustees of the Internal
Improvement Fund. The bids for the
contract will be received up to 10 o'clock
on the morning of July 15, at Tallahassee,
Fla.
Several meetings have been held at Tal-
lahassee during the past three months
between representatives of the various


DREDGING IN THE CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER.

land companies having great holdings in
the drainage district and the Board of
Trustees of the Internal Improvement
Fund. As a result an agreement has been
reached by which all suits against the col-
lection of the drainage tax were with-
drawn, and this will place the state with
sufficient funds at hand to carry out the
great project.
Vast Fertile Territory.
The calling for bids and the letting of
the contract will mean the reclamation of
all the vast fertile territory in the lower
section of the state and will mean the
beginning of the founding of a empire
within the borders of South Florida
alone. Thousands of farms have already
been purchased within the drainage area,
and these will be placed under cultivation
immediately after their drainage. Much
of the area will be ready for cultivation
within twg. years, as it is not necessary
that the work should be fully completed
for the settling up of much of the land.
Chief Drainage Engineer J. O. Wright
has completed the specifications for the


work, and the call for the bids has been
issued by Secretary J. C. Luning of the
Board of Trustees of the Internal Im-
provement Fund.
The drainage district is about 140 miles
long and 50 miles wide and lies to the
south and southeast of Lake Okeechobee.
The great lake overflows the Everglades
in rainy seasons and it is for the purpose
of lowering the waters of the lake, con-
trolling its flood waters and the draining
of the lands through which the canals
pass that they are to be constructed. Inci-
dentally, the state believes that they may
be made use of for transportation pur-
poses to no small extent later.
The Drainage Canals.
are to vary in width from 50 to 70 feet
and in depth from 8 to 12 feet. The side
slopes are to be at such a degree as may
be necessary for maintaining the required
width and depth. In some parts of the
'Glades the banks will be quite solid and
the cut may be almost perpendicular, but
in other places there will have to be a
broad slope.








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


At such points as may be designated
by the engineer in charge, generally not
closer than one mile apart, on each side,
openings will be left in the spoil bank
for surface drainage. When these open-
ings are in solid material the specifica-
tions provide that a spur canal, 20 feet
wide and 4 feet deep, shall be constructed,
extending back from the main canal for
a distance not exceeding 200 feet. For
the purpose of conserving the water in the
several canals for irrigation and the best
use of the lands through which they pass


Major J. O. Wright, the Chief Engi-
neer for the State of Florida, a few
(lays ago made a lengthy address be-
fore the State Bankers' Assdciation,
and went into the history of the Ever-
glades from 1848 to the present time.
His address is too long to print in full,
but we reprint herewith a few extracts
from it for the benefit of our Contract
Holders.
When drainage movements were first
inaugurated there was much opposition
to them. Many claimed that there was
plenty of good land without draining
the .swamps, and that there were not
enough people to cultivate them if.'they
were drained. Time has shown the fal-
lacy of this argument. These lands are
now densely populated and are in a
high state of cultivation. In many in-
stances they are the most valuable in
the State. It is from these States where
the value of the swamp drainage has
been demonstrated that you will secure
the .purchasers for the Everglades,
When drained. There is a scarcity,
rather than an overstock of good agri-
cuitural l'and 'in the United States.
I have an extensive acquaintance


i rli-i, locks and dams will be constructed
. Ir.. the drainage engineer directs.
The work undertaken is the greatest
ever begun in the south and is of incalcu-
lable importance to Florida. It will make
of the great fertile areas of the Ever-
glades rich farms that will go far toward
making the Peninsular State the richest
of all the Southland. The letting of the
contract and the carrying out of the work
to be done will be watched with intense
interest by all who have the future wel-
fare and the good of the state at heart."
To carry out the great work the con-


throughout the country, and do not
ndw of any locality in which there
are fertile lands cleared and drained,
ready for cultivation, that are not
worth at least $50 per acre. There is
plenty of low-priced land, but it is not
in'a condition for occupancy and imme-
diate cultivation. You need have no
fear of getting too much good, fertile,
well-drained land in your State. Such
land is a good, safe investment, and
will attract foreign capital.
You, as the bankers of Florida, oc-
cupy a peculiar relation to this drainage
movement, and one of great responsi-
bility. You are not only the leaders,
but you are in a great measure the
moulders of public opinion on ques-
tions involving the expenditure of large
sums of money. People naturally seek
>our advice and counsel as to the wis-
dom and and safety of permanent in-
vestments. Even if you do not invest
your own funds in land reclamation,
you have customers who will come to
you for advice and possibly for loans.
Strangers seeking investments will
either come or write to you for informa-
tion concerning the various land devel-


tracts will call for the excavation of about
a million cubic yards per month, and this
will necessitate the employment of several
more dredges. It is estimated that besides
the four now in operation five of the
most modern and powerful machines will
be required and contractors must be in
a position to place these at work within a
reasonable time after the awards are made.
The new machines added to the present
working dredges will give a great increase
in the development of the drainage canals
and will rapidly open them up to the
terminals on the coast.


opment schemes in your vicinity. You
should be sufficiently in touch with this
matter to give sound counsel. If the
project in question is one of real merit,
having good land, a well-matured plan
of reclamation and sufficient capital
behind it to insure its completion, you
should not hesitate to recommend it as
a safe and profitable investment.

In order to raise funds to construct
these main drainage canals the State
Legislature enacted a law in 1907 creat-
ing a special drainage district compris-
ing about four and a half million acres,
including all the Everglades and some
of the overflowed land adjacent hereto.
This act provided that all the land in
the drainage district shall be assessed 5
cent, per acre annually for drainage
purposes. This tax, if all collected,
would provide a fund of $225,000 annu-
ally. Soon after this law was enacted
certain corporations owning about one-
half of all the lands in the drainage
district brought suit to restrain the
collection of this drainage tax. These
suits are now pending in the United
States Supreme Court, and but little


--- -- --- -- 01IP -- -- --A. A -v. ... .V------



Chief Drainage Engineer Addresses State Bankers




General Idea of Drainage- Value to Florida of the Vast

Area of Fertile But Practically

Unknown Territory














PLANNING FOR THE GREAT WATERWAY FROM 3

LAKES TO GULF.

-' y By -SJNATOR D. L. I-LETCHER. / 1


HE HIE movement contemplating an inland
waterway from the Mississippi river, at
some advisable point near New Orleans,
extending along the Gu'f to a point on
the west coast of Florida, perhaps near
St. Mark's, is arousing wide interest.
This entire distance could be opened for
barge navigation, and small boats, at small cost. The
natural waterways would make unnecessary any con-













.





















siderable excavation. The
modern dredge could soon
lo the work. Deep water and
plendid harbors at St.
Marks, Apalachicola, St.
Andrews and Pensacola
would accommodate ships
of any size.
The undertaking involves a ship canal across Florida
built on the lock system, terminating in the Atlantic
Ocean, and connecting with the inland waterway, ex-
tending along the east coast of Florida as far south as
Key West, and extending north up the Atlantic coast
to New York.
This work is being urged by the Atlantic Coast
Waterway Association, which is receiving enthusiastic
support.
The most difficult and expensive portion of the
scheme is the ship canal across Florida. which, in it-
relf, is no new idea. Tt was suggested by Jefferson


Davis, secretary of war. Important then, it has become
more so with our growing commerce, and our military
and naval necessities.
It is estimated that the distance from coast to coast
will not exceed 128 miles, and the route could be sur-
veyed so as to utilize rivers, lakes and water courses
to such an extent that no doubt solid material would
be encountered for only about one-half the distance.
Some years ago a route was surveyed by a distinguished
engineer, Caffalls, with a view to enlisting private capi-
tal in the enterprise of building and operating such a
ship canal across the State of Florida, and he reported,
as I remember, heartily in favor of it as an investment,
and estimated the cost at about $28,ooo,ooo.
Such a canal would be of inestimable advantage to
the country, and especially to the Mississippi Valley
and the Gulf States. As a part of a great system of
waterways, extending from New York down the At-
lantic coast, across Florida, along the Gulf to the Mis-
sissippi, up that to the Great Lakes, thence through the
Eric back to New York, it must command the atten-
tion, and ought to receive the support, of the whole
country.
Any policy of waterway development, national in its
scope, must include this project as a necessary part.
That some plan of this kind, in response to a gen-
erous and emphatic public sentiment, must be worked
out in the near future, is evident. The National Rivers
and Harbors Congress, and the various waterway asso-
ciations, all co-cperating. are pointing the way, assuring


the demand for cheaper transportation and greater fa-
cilities for reaching markets. Products are valuable if
they can be got to market when and where there is a
demand for them. Bulky commodities, heavy freights,
move faster and cheaper by water. One of the greatest
problems with which we have to deal is that of adequate
and least expensive transportation. Freight rates ad-
just themselves when you have water and rail in com-
petition. There was a time when the railroads objected
ti improving the water highways. Not so now. be-
cause the railroads cannot, without coneeslion and de-
lays, handle the traffic of the country.' Our products









16 SOUTHLAND
'r.
traffic; are increasing at tremendous bounds. Rail-










-11 3 .
e'anis aree not keeping pace with this grow th. If they
carrie passengers and lighter freight and the head vyr
tcnmitge could move pby water, a far better condition
would exist.









StIroug Along Bay Biscayne.
In Germany the government own.s the railroads. and
i ', i iGermany is spending and proposing to spend millions







wealth bt a fraction of ours, haas consitructt a tdeep
L ~ of dollars upon caal annd hel canalized harbors to fsa-
Sfil ,cilitate cheap transportation, and get her products to
'A i sea without having them seek out shorter routes







Is:-,'l I .'llp .' Foir war and its rew yards, our federal government
Through Belgium and -Fra- nce.
'e:It -oChicago istte spendin manynumllions o wat0erwa i0m-
.provermient.
SCanasda. with a population less than one-t nreh, and
,,,', ;, wealth but a fraction of ours. has constructed a deep
waterway more than 700 miles long. connecting lon-
'"Tih treal by a 28-fot channel with every harbor and sea-
W ou d ea port of the w sorld.
1 w it for thar and its rovementwards of our fewateral goys.ernment
S does not hesitate to spend aninutally some aoo,ooo.ooo.
' I1' see no reason why we should not spend $5o.ooo.ooo
S necesalnually for ten years for peace and commerce.
'" ch President Roosevelt said in his message to Congress.
S"The time for playing with our waterways is past. The
country demands results. Action should he begun forth-
Ir t_--:! with for the improvement of our waterways."
My idea would be as soon as the government can he
S,- induced to take hold of this plan to bring the equip-
Sment from Panama, as it is released there, all set up,
and pur t it to work on this ship tt canal. It would not be
t -3 necessary to make large appropriations for dredges and
machinery and take years of tfiie in getting them ready
a' ,for work. The sare machinery and equipment we now
Shave. or such as we would require. can be brought
from Panama just as it is out of commission there.
right up the St. Johns river, and started on this canal.
S ,Its completion would be accomplished very quickly, be-
cause the material to be removed is mostly sand. and
# I there are no engineering difficulties in the way. There
are no Chagres rivers, rising 5o feet in a few hours; 11o
moving nmoutntainvs as at Culebra Cut; no sinking foun-
dation. as at Gatun.


I



I


Vegetable crates and fruit boxes on wharf at Fort Lauderdale


~fc









FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


of the taxes authorized uy the law has
been collected. An agreement has re-
cently been entered into between the
trustees of the internal improvement
fund and the delinquent corporations
providing for the dismissal of these
suits and the payment of all the drain-
age taxes for the years 1907 to 1912
inclusive, as the money may be needed
for the construction of these main
drainage canals.
Since the creation of the Drainage
District, and with the understanding
that the land was to be drained, the
State has been able to sell several
hundred thousand acres of Everglade
land and has agreed to apply 75 per
cent of the receipts from these sales
toward the construction of canals. This
gives a fund of about $2,000,000, which
is now available for carrying on this
work.
The board of drainage commission-
ers has recently adopted plans for the
construction of 255 miles of these prin-
cipal canals, and had advertised for bids
(to be opened June 15, 1910) for doing
this work. On the strength of this
contemplated work, and in the belief
that it will be completed at an early
date, several hundred thousand acres of
Everglades land have recently been
sold at from $20 to $40 per acre, and
in some instances as high as $100 per
acre.
Thirty years ago the Kankakee
marsh of Northern Indiana was consid-
ered absolutely worthless. It had a
trading value of $4 per acre, but yielded
nothing to its owners. The prevailing
opinion was that the soil was no good,
and that there was not fall enough to
drain the land. A trip through the
upper portion of this valley today will
show that the land has been drained
and converted into well-tilled farms
that produce abundant harvests and are
worth at least $150 per acre. Some of
the marshes in Southern Louisiana that
are so near the sea-level that they can
not be drained except by dyking and
pumping, have been reclaimed and are
now producing excellent crops of rice,
sugar cane and vegetables. Perhaps
the most remarkable piece of land re-
clamation by drainage is Harlem Meer,
in Holland. Here a lake a little below
sea level and covering 44,000 acres sev-
enteen feet deep, has been surrounded
by a dyke and pumped dry. The bed
of the lake is crossed and recrossed
at right angles, at frequent intervals,
with drainage canals into which the
field-ditches discharge. The rainfall
and seepage is pumped out and the
water in these canals is held at the


LEVEL PRAIRIES OF THE EVERGLADES.


proper level for crop growth. The
plodding Hollanders have raised the
lake's bed from its submerged condition
and made it worth at least $250 per
acre. What, then, may we not do with
the Everglades? It is an insult to the
skill and intelligence of the American
engineer to say that they can not be
drained, or that it will not pay to drain
them. In all my experience as a
drainage engineer I do not know of a
single instance in which a comprehen-
sive plan of drainage of swamp land has
been conceived and carried out that the
lands have not been reclaimed and
made valuable. The drainage of swamp
land is not an experiment. It is as old
as civilization.
From the numerous analyses that
have been made of the soil, and the ex-
periments that have been conducted in
various parts of the Glades, it is quite
certain that the soil is fertile, and,
when properly drained, will be ex-
tremely productive. Should any ele-
ments of fertility be lacking for spe-
cial crops, they may be supplied
through or by the application of com-
mercial fertilizers at a comparatively
small cost. In many parts of the Glades
abundant crops of a high commercial
value can be grown without the aid of
fertilizer.
About the middle of last March I
visited the south shore of Lake Okee-
chobee, and inspected a demonstration
truck garden that proved beyond ques-
tion the productiveness of that section
of the Everglades. I saw growing
there, on land that was completely sub-
merged last fall, and which at that time
was not more than eighteen inches
above the level of the lake, an.abun-
dant crop of lettuce, tomatoes, cabbage,


eggplant, sweet peppers, snap beans,
garden peas, celery, squash, onions,
Irish potatoes,, beets, Indian corn, ba-
nanas, sugar cane, and possibly other
things that have escaped memory. We
are oft told that "The proof of the pud-
ding is in the eating." This being true,
I can testify as to the superior quality
and flavor of these products, for I ate
three hearty meals from this garden.
These vegetables I was told were raised
without the application of any manure
or commercial fertilizer.
The water in the Lake Okeechobee
is clear and wholesome, and is regarded
by hunters and fishermen ,who frequent
the Lake, as extremely healthful.
This land, when provided with an
adequate system of canals, ditches and
roads, and dotted with school houses
and churches, and when each farm is
equipped with tasty buildings and suffi-
cient tools, machinery and live stock
for its proper cultivation, will be worth
at least $160.00 per acre. Instead of
taxing the people to build immense bat-
tle ships in time of peace, and equip-
ping them at a great cost, to parade the
seas for display, a part at least of this
great expenditure of money should be
devoted to internal improvements and
the conservation of our natural re-
sources. Not only Europe but Amer-
ica is full of examples that might be
cited to show the feasibility of draining
swamp lands. Such work is not only
feasible from an engineering stand-
point but has proven highly profitable
as a business venture. In all those
states where land drainage has been
taken up and prosecuted in a systematic
and business-like way the returns have
been quite satisfactory.
Thirty years ago the average price of








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


POTATOES GROWN AT LAKE OKEECHOBEE.


farm lands in Indiana, Illinois and Iowa
was not more than thirty dollars an
acre. At least one-third of these states
was too wet for profitable cultivation.
The farmer plowed his ground and
sowed his seed, and, if the season was
favorable, he got a fair crop; but if it
was too wet he got nothing. All this
has been changed.
In conclusion I want to urge that
the truth concerning the Everglades be
published and any misstatements cor-
rected. I want every tax payer in the
state io know the present condition of
the Everglades and their future possi-
bilities. I want this drainage work di-
vorced from politics and treated as an
important business proposition. I want
the people to know that the reclama-
tion and settlement of these lands will
be of great value and lasting benefit to
your state. I want you, _s individuals
and as bankers of the state of Florida,
to give your most loyal support and en-
couragement to the officers having
charge of this great work.




Some Everglades Potatoes



HE above is a picture of eight po-
tatoes grown on the experimental
farm of the Florida Everglades
Land Company near the southern shores
of Lake Okeechobee. The potatoes shown
in the picture were not selected for their
size, being the usual kind grown on the
cultivated land of the Everglades. In
fact they were produced along with other
crops on the farm, which shows that they
received no especial attention.
Although still in the experimental stage,
it has been clearly demonstrated that
Irish potatoes are destined to become one
of the staple crops of Everglade lands
and the climatic conditions of that part of
Florida' give rise to the belief that potato
growing in the southern section of the


state will outstrip the same line of farm-
ing in the northern section of Florida.
Several years ago an enterprising farmer
discovered, almost by accident, that the
land of -St-. Johns county, Florida, was
adapted to growing Irish potatoes and his
first crop having proved a success, the
town of Hastings and the surrounding
country sprang into prominence as the
greatest potato producing section in the
southern states during the winter. Owing
to the advantages of climate the farmers
of Hastings were enabled to market their
crop of "new" potatoes when in other sec-
tions farmers were just planting.
With this advantage the Hastings farm-
ers rapidly made money and the value of
their lands went sky high. For years the
acreage has been multiplied until at the
present time there are thn,,-nAs of acres
in potatoes each year in St. Johns county.
Every advantage that the Hastings sec-
tion enjoyed or wl.ich it enjoys at pres-
ent, will be mub'i !ied in the Everglades.
In the latter section of Florida the farm-
ers will not need fertilizer to produce a
crop, the land being of such fertility that
crop after crop can be successfully grown
on the natural land. Another advantage
will he gained in the clearing of the Ever-
glade land. The principal wild growth be-
ing grasses the clearing process merely
requires the use of fire, the ashes from
the burned vegetation being somewhat in
the nature of a fertilizer.
With this simple method of getting a
farm in shape the planter on the Ever-
glades has overcome much of the primary
expense of getting his crop started. But
his greatest advantage is not obtained un-
til he is ready to gather his potatoes.
Being farther south, where there is no
danger of his plants being killed by frost,
the Everglades farmer can make an ear-
lier start and this of course brings his
harvest along ahead of his brother in the
northern part of Florida. His new pota-
toes can be placed on the northern mar-
ket several weeks ahead of the north Flor-
ida crop at a price.far in advance of the
latter produce. The price of early Flor-


ida potatoes ranges from $1.50 to $2.50
per bushel. Of course these prices are
governed by market supply in northern
cities to which the bulk of the Florida
potato crop goes. It is believed by those
who are now cultivating Everglade land
that the yield of potatoes will approach
250 bushels to the acre when proper scien-
tific methods are used. One hundred and
fifty ,bushels to the acre is at present con-
sidered a fair yield although every farm-
er in the Everglades section has merely
conducted his planting on experimental
lines. As regards transportation the Ever-
glades has advantages over some other
parts of Florida, being within easy reach
of both steamship and railway lines to
northern points.
Those acquainted with the south Flor-
ida lands are authority for the statements
that within the next few years thousands
of acres of the muck land will be used ex-
clusively for potato raising. The usual
rainfall in the southern part of Florida
comes at a time when it is best suited to
the growing of potatoes, following which
the spring months give weather favorable
to gathering the crops.
Taken as a whole it can be stated with-
out fear of contradiction that the next
few years will see much of the land in
the Everglades planned in such crops as
the above and in others which on account
of their regularity have become known
as the staple products of Florida. As re-
gards the quality of the vegetables grown
on the Everglades soil too much has been
said to require additional mention, and
yet the use of systematic and tried meth-
ods will undoubtedly give even better re-
sults.



The Ideal Climate



NE of the statements that is
hard for the northern person to
understand in regard to Florida,
is that the state has no extreme hot
weather in the summer time. Naturally
being so far southward, one expects that
with the approach of the summer months
the heat is terrific, but such is not the
case.
The change from winter to spring or
from autumn to winter does some times
give a wide difference in temperature
but as a general thing the summer is one
long spell of pleasantly warm sunshine.
Beginning early in the spring the winds
as a rule blow from the ocean west-
ward across the state, cooling the at-
mosphere and taking the sharp edge off
what would otherwise be very hot weath-
er.








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


The occasional showers which visit the
lower part of Florida during the sum-
mer months also have a beneficial effect
on the climate and their agency in
moderating the temperature is ap-
preciated in all official reports. Of
course one has no need of heavy cloth-
ing, and even this is not required in the
winter. In the southern cities of Florida,
an overcoat worn on the streets would
attract considerable attention.
The average summer temperature for
southern Florida during the summer
months ranges from 70 to 80 degrees
and seldom does the mercury go above
the latter figure. The winds which blow
across the state are remarkably dry and
it is this fact that assists the farmers
when heavy rains fall as the evaporation
is very rapid. The heavy dew falling in
the middle of the night, provides against
extreme dryness of the soil and gives
to vegetation an aid that produces won-
derful vitality and growth.
Taken as a whole Florida has an ideal
climate, which during the past twenty
years has won a reputation among the
tourist class as well as among those peo-
ple who have spent a few months in the
state in the development of farms and
homes. Free from many of the faults
of the north and west no one can live
long in the state without realizing that
the assertion that the "climate of Florida


is the nearest perfection
undeniable truth.


on earth" is an


f Hold Your Lands



THOSE who are possessors of a
tract of Everglade land can
consider themselves as among
the most fortunate ones who have in-
vested in Florida. Such is the con-
sensus of opinion of all who have made
an investigation of the project of re-
claiming the Florida Everglades.
Only a few years ago the proposed
drainage of the great plains lying in the
southern part of Florida was looked
upon with suspicion, as no official inspec-
tion had at that time been made, and
the real plan of drainage had not been
finally decided upon. Naturally with the
diverse opinions of the opponents of the
project and those of the men who had
introduced the subject, investors were
practically speaking "at sea." They
could not be convinced one way or an-
other, and even the few who had enough
confidence to put their money in Ever-
glades lands were often on the ragged
edge of hope.


Governor Broward's statement that the
Everglades could be drained was classed
as a "dream," a "phantasma" a "smoke
wreath" and dozens of other names
which signified the ideas of newspapers
or writers who lacking good reasons
were opposing the drainage on general
principles. It must be remembered that
in nearly every case the greatest oppo-
sition to the movement came from those
men and concerns representing large
tracts of lands in other parts of the state
and which must necessarily give way be-
fore the Everglades when the re-
clamation is perfected. But what a
change has come over the former
opponents to the Everglade drainage.
Major J. O. Wright, a drainage engi-
neer with a national reputation and a
life long experience in such work gave
in his primary report the first definite
and authoritative statement as to the prac-
ticability of draining the Everglades, and
from that report can be traced the re-
treat of those who had previously pre-
sented a bold front to the drainage ad-
vocates. Following his first report with
further investigations, Major Wright
clinched his primary statements with a
declaration that was positive in every re-
spect and left not the least show for re-
sistance on the part of enemies of drain-
age.
In another part of the Review is giv-
en an extract of a speech recently made
by Major Wright and which contains
some of his ideas of the future of the
Everglades.
Take for instance his assertion that
"with proper cultivation the land will be
worth $160 per acre." Recognizing that
in his position as Supervising Engineer
of the Everglades Drainage, Major
Wright can not afford to give out an
exaggerated statement, his valuation of
the land should be accepted as con-


elusive proof that the buyers of Ever-
glades, hold the most valuable assets ob-
tainable.
The man who gets to work on his land
at an early date will receive the returns
which are certain under cultivation of
the soil. The other class of purchasers
who buy for an investment will see
their lands increase in value with a pro-
portion governed by the increase of cul-
tivation. In either case the value of the
land is bound to go up. Since it was
first placed on the market the price has
steadily advanced until today, it is hard-
ly possible to purchase Everglade land at
wholesale for less than $50 per acre.
Now that the State of Florida has offi-
cially recognized the value of drainage,
cially recognized the value of the move-
the work of drainage, the price of
land will undoubtedly take another
advance. When the increased opera-
tions under the new contracts begin,
another advance may be expected. Dur-
ing the next year or two there will be a
continual increase in agricultural develop-
ment of the Everglades, which'will in an-
other way cause land holdings to increase
in value.
Such are the reasonable facts of the
drainage movement, all of which can
easily be seen by the studious one who
goes farther than a mere matter of belief
or unfounded opinion. No man or
woman who at present owns a tract of
Everglades land would be wise to relin-
quish it because of the adverse opinions
of certain ones, who possibly would have
found fault with the soil and location of
the Garden of Eden had they lived in
Adam's time.
Florida is in the era of a great revival
of agriculture and the Everglades have
inducements superior to any other part of
the United States. The movement of
the American people is in reality "back


VIEWS OF EVERGLADES AND OLD CANAL.








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


to the land" and the land that is worth
going back to is rapidly being taken up.
Those who have their little ten acres or
more in the Everglades have a heritage
which will return to them and their chil-
dren a lasting benefit and a surety of the
comforts of life, no matter how great the
change in industrial conditions of the
country in years to come.



The Value of Humus


UMUS has been called the
breatht of plants" and the term
seems very appropriate when its
relations to plant growth are known says
the Farmer's Digest. Soils lacking
humus have very little vitality and are
practically worthless from an agricul-
tural point of view. Speaking of the
power of humus soils for holding water
the Alabama Farmer says: "The power
of absorbing water is eight times great-
er in a humus soil than in a soil without
humus."
In regard to the above the Ever-
glades lands lead most any other part of
the state of Florida or the United States.
The muck land of the Everglades con-
tains all the qualities so highly recom-
mended in the above paragraph.
Florida is facing the greatest era in
its history and the next few years will
see the whole state enjoying a prosper-
ity such as no other part of the coun-
try will be able to boast of. The man
who owns a tract of land in Florida
should hold tight to his property. Its
value can only increase with the great
demand now being made for southern
farming land. Florida is a large state,
and while some sections do not as yet
feel the increased prosperity of the recent
years, each part soon will come into its
own.



1 Poultry In Florida


NO description of the farming pos-
sibilities in Florida would be
complete without attention to
poultry raising, which, although not fol-
lowed as greatly as in other parts of the
country, is a demonstrated success where
care and scientific methods have been ob-
served.
The mild climate of the state is one of
the greatest things in favor of raising
poultry and, coupled with this must be
considered the ease with which feed can
be produced. In many sections of the
state the farmers who raise chickens for


their own use merely allow their flocks
to run wild in the woods, the various
natural plants and seeds giving ample
feed, while the insects common to uncul-
tivated land afford another means of sub-
sistance.
Rarely is it necessary to provide extra
shelter for fowls in the winter season
and in the southern part.; of the state
only the lightest and most inexpensive
structures are necessary to house poultry.
With these advantages over the parts of
the country where snow and ice demand
expensive precautions, along with a store
of winter feed, there is nothing to pre-
vent poultry raising becoming a chief
industry of the state.
On the drained lands of the Everglades
there is little doubt that the farmers will
soon make poultry one of their main fea-
tures. With such a supply of natural
feed and with all the favorable conditions
of climate and soil hundreds of dollars
can be derived from the flock of chickens
and ducks while the regular farm and
garden truck is being grown.
In the wild prairies of the Everglades
a variety of "wild millet" grows pro-
fusely throughout the year and is easy
to gather as the poultry raiser needs it.
Ranging through the grasses of the plains,
chickens also find insects and land snails
which seek the protection of the growth
of vegetation. The waters of the canals
which will surround the farms will give
an ideal condition for raising ducks and
other domestic water fowl. The feed for
this class of birds cannot be excelled.
Certain parts of the Everglades bor-
dering on Lake Okeechobee or the west
coast of Florida contain fine deposits of
sell and gravel, necessary to the health
and productivity of land fowl.
The native farmer of Florida has never
paid especial attention to poultry raising.
As a general thing the quick returns from


winter vegetables has caused the farmers
to devote all of their attention to those
things. But with the steadily increasing
influx of northern farmers whose experi-
ence has taught them the wisdom and
profit of having the farm produce its
greatest results, it is only a question of
a few years until there will be many mod-
ern poultry ranches on the reclaimed lands
of the state.



An Information Column


THE primary object of the Ever-
glades Review being to give
settlers and proposed settlers
on Everglade land such information as
will be valuable to them in Florida, or
previous to their going to that state,
this column will be included in each is-
sue as a permanent feature. To in-
crease the efficiency of the column of
information, and to give more oppor-
tunity for a wide range of subjects the
following rules should be observed:
First-Write plainly on one side of
the paper only.
Second-Make all questions direc:
and clear and mention only one subject
in each question.
Third-Sign full name and address.
Answers will be made with use of
initials and address of the writer.
Fourth-If more than one question is
asked in the same letter, make most im-
portant ones first, and number each
separately.
Fifth-Be brief and in preference to
writing long letters, make other re-
quests for information at intervals.
Sixth-Address all letters for this col-
umn to the Florida Everglades Review,
Republic Building, Chicago, Ill.


LAND BUYERS AT LAKE OKEECHOBEE,








FLO.RIDA EVERGLADES .REVIEW


RAISING HOGS IN FLORIDA-AN INDUSTRY SUITED TO THE

EVERGLADES

Unlimited Supply of Natural Wild Food and Excellent Climatic Conditions
for Growing Hogs on the Reclaimed Florida Lands


TRAVELING through the Ever-
glades of Florida, a stranger to
that part of the state is sur-
prised at the number of hogs found
grazing and feeding on the lands which
have not been disturbed as yet by the
drainage operations. These animals
while not extremely wild, will not allow
a human being to come too close, but
after their first sudden fright when dis-
turbed in their feeding, will stop and
curiously examine those who have visited
their feeding grounds.
The first thing which impresses the
close observer is the perfect condition of
these seni-wjld hogs. True they are
generally owned by some farmer, but
have learned to get their food without
aid other than their ability to root
around in the edges of the fertile low
lands. Seldom does one see a poor or
scrawny pig. The ease with which they
procure food in the Everglades is ac-
countable for their good condition as the
necessity of continual deep rooting is
unknown to the hog of the Everglades.
Lying near to the surface of the Ever-
glade soil in the low places are hundreds
of succulent roots of a highly nutritious
value. These form the chief food of the
hogs and as each animal generally
hunts alone, there is little danger of de-
pleting the supply. Other plants in the
low lands also furnish food, and in his
hunting, the Everglade hog finds many
fresh water shelL fish and snails which
make his diet varied as well as nourish-
ing.
From infancy the Everglades hogs are
put to the necessity of protecting them-
selves and this they have learned to a
degree which gives them more than
ordinary courage. A sow with a litter
of pigs is a dangerous foe for any ani-
mal or reptile and will fight for the
protection of her young without a sign
of fear. The advances of civilization in
Florida have driven most of the wild
animals to retreats which are not visited
by men and hogs which run wild are sel-
dom molested by their natural enemies.
To the new settler in the Everglades
no surer return can be given than in the
'-ownership of a drove of hogs. These
can be bought for a small sum at the
outset, and after the owner has selected
and registered his mark, he has the
privilege of hunting other hogs which


NORTHERN VISITORS ON THEIR EVERGLADE LAND.


are unmarked, and these he can claim as
his own by simply putting his mark in
the ears. The Florida laws place a limit
on the age at which a range pig can be
marked, so that an owner need not fear
that his young pigs will be taken by an-
other.
In hunting pigs, trained dogs are used
and the hunter after getting his prey
fairly cornered, or held by his dogs, re-
quires but a few minutes to convert the
erstwhile ownerless hog into his own
property. In going through the woods
or prairies, owners of hogs usually
carry a supply of corn, and with a pe-
culiar cry which the hogs recognize, he
is enabled to call up all that are within
range of his voice. Then a little corn
thrown on the ground repays them for
their attention and gives them reason to
remember their owner. This method en-
ables the grower to see his young pigs
and mark those of proper.age.
Hog hunting in Florida is not only ex-
citing but is sure of returns as several
large animals may thus be obtained in a
days hunt without a cent of expense.
By attention to his droves a grower of
hogs can keep them tame and easy
of approach. By occasionally feeding
his hogs at the farm house they will fre-
quently return home. As regards the
breed of hogs now inhabiting the Ever-
glades it is a mistake to think these are
the regular "piney woods" rooter, or


"razor back" of northern Florida and
Georgia. The introduction of higher
strains has left its effect on the wild
hogs and in the southern part of Florida
there are fine specimens of a mixed
breed which seems to have been partly
produced through the conditions of
climate and natural feed. It has been
shown that several of the better breeds
of hogs thrive in Florida, the Berk-
shire, and Poland China, being two
favorites of the Florida growers.
Diseases among droves of hogs are
very rarely experienced and the climate
of the state is such that the young pigs
thrive from infancy with no extra care.
To the farmer who prefers to have a
drove of hogs under his personal care
the advantages of the Everglades for
raising a supply of food can not be
exaggerated. In the fertile lands of the
prairies dozens of different kinds of food
can be grown with but little labor, and
many of the plants thrive the year round
without need of replanting.
For a means of making a sure and
easy profit there is nothing that excels
raising hogs in Florida and the demand
for native pork is hardly ever filled
there. Prices to the farmer compare
with northern markets, which when con-
sidered with the ease of production, is
an item that can not be overlooked by
the farmer who contemplates owing a
home in that state.








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


Florida Everglades Review
Published Monthly by The Florida Everglades Land Co.
1407 Republic Building, Chicago, Illinois.
J. H. WHITNEY, Editor.
TERMS.
One year, single subscription, $1.00 to
all parts of the United States. Canadian
postage, 25 cents extra.
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising will be furnished
upon application.
Articles relating to any subject within
the scope of this magazine are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscript unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications intended for publica-
tion must be accompanied with real name
as a guarantee of good faith.
Subscribers when writing to have the
address of their paper changed must
give the old as well as the new address.
Watch your wrapper for date subscrip-
tion expires and remit promptly.
Address all Communications to the Florida
Everglades Review, Republic Build-
ing, Chicago, Ill.
JUNE, 1910


IN presenting this first issue of
the Florida Everglades Review
to the public, an explanation of
its aims and purposes is necessary.
First and foremost it is intended to
make this a truthful and correct ex-
ponent of the great tract of land lying
in the southern part of the state and
familiarly known as the "Everglades."
Further than this, the Review will be
used to keep its subscribers in touch
with the development of the drainage
plans which under the direction of the
state officials of Florida are transform-
ing the Everglades from semi-sub-
merged land, into a valuable farming
country.
To the uninformed, or to those who
read only such reports as are com-
monly seen in the daily papers the Re-
view will be of the greatest value as
regards the progress of the Florida rec-
lamation work, and it will be the aims
of the publishers to keep in touch with
the real facts of the drainage as it
progresses. The past few years have
seen hundreds of writers devoting their
attention to the state of Florida, and
many stories have been sent out from
the big cities of the north, where the
writers gathered their information from
officials and unofficial reports, or in
other cases based their articles on pre-
vious stories written by those who pos-
sibly had never seen the "Land of
Flowers."
Since the reclamation of the Ever-
glades commenced these stories have


multiplied. The reclamation of the
land was the signal for a general "write-
up" of the Everglades by every per-
son who had a chance to get his "copy"
accepted. Lacking a knowledge of
their subject, many of these writers
used their imagination and none of the
different phases of the matter in hand
were too large for them to tackle. The
result has been that the general public
has been sadly misinformed as to the
Everglades, and barring the descrip-
tions that have been given by private
concerns little of the real truth has
reached the people who seek to know
more of the state which will in a short
time be in its rightful position as the
greatest farming country in the United
States.
To correct any misstatements of
previous so-called "descriptive" articles,
and in an impartial manner to detail
the facts of the Everglades of Florida,
will be the lasting purpose of the
Florida Everglades Review.
With this object in view the pub-
lishers of the Review have secured the
services of J. H. Whitney who for
twenty-five years or more has been re-
siding in Florida and who through his
work with various newspapers of that
state has been in close and observant
touch with the recent development of
the Everglades. Further than the in-
formation gained by association with
those at the head of the reclamation
work in Florida, Mr. Whitney has a
personal knowledge of the value of the
Everglades derived from living in those
parts where farming is being carried on
and where hundreds of settlers have
laid the foundation of fortunes.
Mr. Whitney, as editor of the Review,
will endeavor to give a truthful account
of the happenings in Florida relating
to the Everglades, and general farming.
This subject being one that at pres-
ent is interesting thousands of people
must needs be correct if justice is done
to Florida and to prospective settlers.
The practical demonstrations of the
drainage of the Everglades as accom-
plished in the past and, the resulting
successful agricultural work have given
conditions which need no imaginative
descriptions and which demand above
all a truthfulness that will prove of
value to the old settler and to the
homeseeker.
Realizing that the chief work of
this magazine is among those
who are interested in Florida
Everglades lands, the Review will
gladly welcome all articles relat-
ing to the state of Florida, and
will also endeavor to answer all
questions regarding the state
and its opportunities.


RESENT indications seem to point
to the election of Napoleon B.
Broward to the United States
Senate from Florida, he having received
nearly the same number of votes in the
first primary as his opponent, Senator
Taliaferro, the present incumbent. The
favor with which Capt. Broward's cam-
paign has been received in the state of
Florida is a direct compliment to his
platform, the most important plank of
which was the drainage of the Everglades
lands in Florida. While this project has
long been a hobby with Capt. Broward,
and was the main strength of his can-
didacy in his successful race for Governor
of Florida in a previous state election,
it has been only during the past few
years that the project has been consid-
ered seriously by the people of that state.
With a stubbornness which is character-
istic of his life history, Capt. Broward
refused to back down in the opposition
that confronted him in his desires to re-
claim the Everglades, and little by little
he gained his points until at last his plans
have been accepted by the highest author-
ities as being entirely feasible and of
immense value to the state of Florida.
Following the favorable reports of engi-
neers of the United States government on
the practicability of the drainage plans,
even those residents of the state of Flor-
ida who had previously opposed the
project, under the fear that it would
increase taxes, withdrew all objections,
and as if to apologize for their former
position, hundreds of them went to the
support of Capt. Broward in the recent
primary election.
Too late in the election, many of the
papers of Florida which had previously
refused to give space to favorable articles
on the drainage of the Everglades, adopt-
ed a change of front, seemingly in the
attempt to make votes for Capt. Brow-
ard's opponent, and also showing that
their long fight against the expenditure
of state funds for the reclamation work
was at last over. Such papers as a rule
were controlled by private concerns which
feared competition of the Everglades.
Whether or not the election of Capt.
Broward to the United States Senate will
call for the further aid of the govern-
ment in the reclamation of the Ever-
glades is a question that only time will
answer, but those who know the former
governor of Florida are confident that he
will never give up his work to make even








FLORIDA


EVERGLADES REVIEW


OSTRICHES AT JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


greater success of the drainage plans
than is now assured under the state
supervision.
While it is not certain that Capt. Brow-
ard will be elected in the final election
which takes place on the 7th of June,
those who are acquainted with Florida
politics and the ways of Florida voters
are ready to admit that the former gov-
ernor's chances are extremely favorable.
With the third candidate out of the run-
ning, he having secured less than 5,000
votes in the first primary, it is reason-
able to assume that the friends of this
defeated candidate will turn to Capt.
Broward, rather than to Senator Talia-
ferro. With this assumption brcving
correct, and being coupled with the fact
that the development of the Everglades
is the chief topic in Florida, it needs no
stretch of the imagination to pick Capt.
Broward as the winner.
To every person who has invested in
Florida lands or who holds the develop-
ment of that state in importance the
success of Capt. Broward should be es-
pecially gratifying. The drainage of the
vast areas of land in the southern part
of the state is now assured and redoubled
efforts will be commenced within the next
few months, but with the certainty of
Capt. Broward being sent to the United
States Senate, the lands will increase
wonderfully in value through the public
endorsement of those people who more
than any others know of the conditions
and possibilities of the Everglades, by
reason of their close association and ex-
periments on that land under the present
partial improvements.

F LORIDA is easy to
reach from all sections
of the United States.


1 - - r rr ~- ~r -


THE RUSH TO THE LOW LANDS.

T HE low lands form the greater
part of our agricultural lands that
are still open for settlement, and
they are the hope and the main resource
of the millions from the cities now turn-
ing to the country for homes and a liveli-
hood.
The nation is land mad, but it is a mag-
nificent madness, for it is the assertion of
the instinct for. freedom, for liberty, and
the right to a good living, which is born
in every American.
A few years ago our farm boys were
flocking to the cities in thousands, desert-
ing the plow and leaving the crops to be
gathered by the inefficient. But as the
cost of living has gone up, as the control
of business has centered in vast corpora-
tions, as the life of man in the city has
come to be more and more guided and
controlled for him, there has been a re-
vulsion and young men and young women
turn to the country again, seeking inde-
pendent livelihood. East Coast Home-
seeker.


SThe Pledge of a State- *-

HE hole Everglades proposition Great Returns
HE whole Everglades proposition *


Sin a nutshell is this-t
of the land has been bot
the State by private companies
State has pledged itself that it
properly and effectually drained
There is no "if" nor "but" n
be." The State has received go
and put it in the treasury, an
promised to deliver good land
for the good money.
The reclamation of the Everg
become more than a private a
does not depend upon the lif
promise of any one man or any
portion. IT IS BASED ON THE PL
STATE.-East Coast Homneseeker

gY.-. 0< -.r )'


wo-thirds


eight from HERE is no malaria or fever in
,and the T the Everglades proper, and mos-
shall be quitoes are found only near the
coast. When dry, these three million
or "may- acres will be like prairie land, as flat as a
able to the eye, and swept by cool winds
Smoney from gulf to ocean. They will have the
id it has immense advantage over the irrigated
in return regions of the West that the black vege-
table mould needs no fertilizer and can
lades has be cultivated the year through, in a cli-
mate where frost is almost unknown.
Twenty acres planted in a winter crop
e or the of tomatoes will yield profits of from two
one cor- hundred to five hundred dollars, in a
EDGE OF A working season of only four months.-
Everybody's Magazine.


* '7 / ,
/ c /{<-} ^(3
-/ -/ -*' /"1'^ *?7 t ll' J


MOTOR BOATING ON THE CALOOSAHATCHEE.


v -S


r vv~qr vv








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


The Caloosahatchee River



HROUGHOUT the whole state
of Florida there is no prettier
stream than the Caloosahatchee
river. This beautiful river runs through
one of the most fertile sections of the
state and although a great deal of the
land bordering on the stream has not
been improved as yet, the settlers who
have located there during the past sev-
eral years have lost no opportunity to
make their places real garden spots, by
planting citrus trees and tropical plants.
The Caloosahatchee river is the main
drainage stream from Lake Okeechobee
to the Gulf of Mexico and runs for a
distance of 75 miles through the prai-
ries of the Everglades after leaving
Lake Okeechobee and then on through
the higher lands westward of Fort
Myers. Along the banks of the stream
the traveler is treated to the most beau-
tiful views of orange, grape fruit groves
situated close to the river's edge, and
extending back as far as the eye can
penetrate through the luxuriant growth
of palms and fruit trees.
This section of the state of Florida is
now spoken of as the "Frostless Zone,"
it having never experienced t-e cold
weather which in the past has frequent-
ly touched the northern and eastern
parts of the state. The evidences of
this are given in the excellent state of
the orange and grape fruit groves which
are acknowledged the finest in Florida.
One grove on the shores of the Caloos-
ahatchee is owned by a Montana Cat-
tle King, a Mr. Floweree, and contains
four hundred and fifty acres planted
in the choicest varieties of oranges and
grapefruit. This grove is one of the
best sights offered to the visitor and
in the winter season the trees present
a wonderful appearance, loaded heavily
with their bright colored fruits.
Many other groves are seen on the
river trip all of them showing up beau-
tifully from the passing boats. Every
grove along the stream is open to visi-
tors thousands of whom make annual
trips up the river from Fort Myers.
At Fort Myers. the largest packing
house in the state of Florida is in op-
eration, and affords farmers a place of
disposing of their fruits and vegetables
if they do not care to bother with
packing The last season saw about
450,000 boxes of oranges shipped from
Fort Myers. This will give a partial
idea of the magnitude of the citrus
fruit industry in that part of Florida.
The Board of Trade of Fort Myers


THE BEAUTIFUL CALOOSAHATCHEE RIVER.


gave out for the past year, 1909, the
following figures of river commerce.
Freight forwarded, 8,927 tons; freight
received, 13,218 tons; oranges shipped,
200,000 boxes; vegetables shipped, 48,-
460 crates; pineapples shipped, 29,400
crates; passengers carried, 9,000. The
above figures do not contain the ship-
ments of fish and food stuffs, and
neither do they account for the hun-
dreds of crates of vegetables and or-
anges carried over land to Fort Myers.
No complete estimate of the vege-
table and fruit industry of this section
has been compiled for the last (1910)
season, but a great increase will be
shown ow'ing to the hundreds of new
groves which have been started and
the new truck farms which were opened
on the Everglades lands during the past
winter months.
The majority of the residents along
the line of the river make their homes
there the year round, but at Fort My-
ers there are hundreds of private resi-
dences used by wealthy, northerners
during the winter months. Notable
among these is the home of Thomas
A. Edison, the great inventor, who
after looking over the state of Florida
selected Fort Myers as the best place
to reside during the cold weather
months. Many other fine residences
might be mentioned if space permitted,
but in future issues of the Review a
more extended description will be given
to each particular part of this delight-
ful section of Florida.


The ride up the river from Fort
Myers to Lake Okeechobee is about 75
miles and there is not a dull moment
during the whole voyage. At the pres-
ent time dredges are cutting through to
Lake Okeechobee to give a greater
depth of water and also to complete
this important part of the Everglades
Drainge work.
Transportation is afforded on the
river by several boat lines. Menge
Brothers of Fort Myers operate daily
boats up and down the river and as
soon as the Lake Okeechobee canal is
deepened the boats will make daily
trips through to the lake.
On the shores of Lake Okeechobee
and extending to the west and south-
ward lie the prairies of the Everglades
which are being rapidly reclaimed.
Those who have made a study of Ever-
glade land acknowledge that this is the
most fertile and highest part of the
vast tracts lying around the lake.
The advantages of this section can
not be overestimated as it has every
advantage of soil and climate Every
fruit and vegetable possible of growth
in Florida can be produced here with
the least possible expense, and in fact
the truck growers are tilling the soil
without the use of fertilizer. The ex-
cellent transportation facilities and the
increasing demand for the frost proof
lands of Florida give an assurance that,
the Caloosahatchee river will in a few
years become one of the greatest com-
mercial outlets of the state.


S ORE immigrants have gone to Florida during the past twelve
S months than in the preceding twelve years. The greatest
rush is expected to take place next winter.
~ L~ ~~~~~ ~---------------~ ~ ~ L








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


Profitable Florida Crops



UNDREDS of inquiries are re-
ceived daily as to the crops which
can be successful and profitably
'n on the Everglades lands. A gen-
estimate can be derived from the
.gures of those who have farmed in
Florida for several years. Only a few of
the most profitable Everglades crops are
mentioned below, although many others
could be added to the list.
Tomatoes.
Cost of production, about.........$ 40.00
Cost of crates, labor, etc., about.. 70.00

$110.00
Gross yield from 300 to 500 crates.
300 crates at $1.50, average....... $450.00
Returns:
Less cost of production as above. 110.00

N et ........................... $340.00
Beans.
Cost per acre producing........... $ 30.00
Carriers and labor............... 85.00

$115.00
Yield per acre, 200 to 600 carriers.
300 crates per acre, average $2.00..$600.00
Less cost of production........... 115.00

Net returns.................... $485.00
Peppers.
Cost of production...............$ 65.00
Crates and labor. ................ 110.00

Total cost......................$165.00
Yield per acre, 400 to 800 acres.
400 crates at $2.00 ...............$800.00
Cost as above.................... 165.00

Net returns.................... $635.00
In making an estimate of Everglades
crops it would not be fair to neglect the
banana. This fruit has been profitably
grown on Everglades soil; for a number
of years, and, in fact, that section of
Florida is said to be the only part of the
United States where bananas prove: a
success. The following table is given
from actual results:
Cost of preparing and planting....$ 50.00
Cost of plants, 800 at 20 cents.... 160.00
Approximate labor for 18 months.. 65.00

Total ........................ $275.00
Yield of bananas per acre, 600 bunches.
Yield of banana slips, from 4,000 to 6,000.
Market value bananas per bunch, f.o.b.
Miami, Fla., 25 cents. Market value
banana slips, $200.00 per 1,000.
Cost per acre, labor, etc...........$ 65.00
Cost, cutting, hauling, etc ......... 6.00

T otal ......................... $ 71.00


Gros returns, 600 bunches at 25c.$150.00
Labor, care and marketing........ 71.00

Net profit......................$ 79.00
Value slip yield, 4,000 at 20 cents. 800.00

Whole profit per acre.......... .$879.00 '
After the first yield the production is
increased from four to six times, making
the gross yield per acre about 2,500
bunches, which have a ready market at
25 cents per bunch, or a yield of about
$600.00 per acre.
Of the crops mentioned above, beans
perhaps have the advantage over the oth-
ers in that they are easier to raise and
give the qpickest returns to the planter.
One often hears of gathering a crop of
beans in six weeks after planting in Flor-
ida and the writer of this has had actual
experience in that line, having grown a
crop in the southern section of the Ever-
glades with astonishing results several
years ago. The first of this crop, an early
wax bean, was gathered just six weeks
after the seed had been placed in the
ground.
There are other vegetables which may
well be included in the list of rapid
money makers on the Florida Everglades
lands, among which are cabbage, potatoes,
lettuce, egg plant, okra, squash, cucum-
bers and canteloupes. All of these grow
luxuriantly on the lands of the Ever-
glades and some of the most beautiful
crops have been produced without the aid
of fertilizer of any sort.


For a sure money maker there is no
better crop than okra. This vegetable
grows so easily and gives such a certain
profit that visitors to Florida have often
wondered why more attention was not
given it. It is often seen growing nicely
in old neglected portions of the farm,
defying weeds and grass, and continually
producing the tenderest pods throughout
the summer months. It is estimated that
40(0 crates of okra can be grown on an
acre of Everglade land without extra
effort, and the general market price ranges
from $125 to $2.00 per crate.
It would take columns of space to give
a detailed description of the crops that
can be grown on the Everglades lands,
and the task is one that would require
more time than can be given in this issue
of the Review, but from time to time
each separate product will be handled,
along with a description of the methods
of planting and cultivation.
At the present time there are several
experimental farms in operation on the
Everglades lands and the success of these
in only a few months gives proof to the
assertions of the fertility of this great
area of land. Generally speaking, the
Everglades will produce at a greater profit
and with less labor the same crops that
are grown in the northern part of Florida,
while many other things which demand a
tropical climate are only seen in that
section of the state, .which is free from
frost and cold winds.


HOMESEEKERS AT LAKE OKEECHOBEE. FIRST CATCH OF BLACK BASS.


HE Polk County Farmers' club has appointed a committee
which has taken steps toward organizing a permanent fair
association which will be incorporated and purchase or lease
a site, put up suitable buildings and hold an annual fair. Every county
should have its annual fair for the improvement of agriculture and
the development of sociability among the farmers.







PLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


.0 0 - - _ _


Success With Alfalfa



EXPERIMENTS ON EVERGLADE
MUCK LAND GIVE FINE
RESULTS.

Great Possibilities Are Found in Rich
Prairies With Alfalfa as a Staple
Farm Crop.

F ARMERS of Florida were
awakened quite recently by an
article in the Florida East
Coast Homeseekers, which gave a short
but interesting description of experi-
ments in growing alfalfa on the Ever-
glades muck lands. For years the
question of growing alfalfa in Florida
has received considerable discussion but
few worthy experiments have been
made. The work of J. M. Hassell, of
Yamato, Fla., is perhaps the first and
most important undertaking ever made
public in Florida.
Mr. Hassell, in his description of
growing alfalfa, stated that he first ex-
perimented on the prairie land in the
central part of the state but had no
success that would warrant a conclu-
sion that the crop could be grown at
a profit. He then transferred his op-
erations to the Everglades soil and se-
cured the most gratifying results.
Mr. Hassell in describing his meth-
ods and researches said:
"I have thoroughly proven now that
all the- clovers can be grown on our
muck lands, not only as well as they
are grown in the northern states, but
a great deal better.
"There is a belief among a great
many people who grow alfalfa that
since the roots of that plant penetrate
the soil to a great depth it is neces-
sary that the earth below the surface
should be in a suitable condition to a
great depth, otherwise the plants will
not thrive. This may be so in the
northern states, but I have proved that
the plants.grow naturally in Florida.
"The area planted in alfalfa is seven
rows 120 feet long, alsyke clover seven
rows 120 feet long; crimson clover, six
rows, about twenty feet long. This
amount of land was quite large enough
to experiment on, and with rape quite
sufficient for the needs of my chickens.
There are different kinds of soil in the
length of the rows, from sandy ham-
mock at one end to pure muck at the
other. So I can now judge which kind
of soil suits the different plants best.
I did not apply bacteria to the soil
where the alfalfa is growing.
"I have grown alfalfa in Australia,


also New Zealand, in which countries
it grows to perfection. I have grown
it at Narcoosee, Fla., four feet high,
and sent it to the \World's Fair at Chi-
cago in 1893. I have it growing here
now two feet high, and it is not yet
90 days old, although I have never ap-
plied any bacteria artificially.
"Several years ago a German at Dres-
den found a way of securing bacteria.
I obtained a little of it and tried it on
some alsyke clover, and after a week
or two the row where I sprinkled the
bacteria began to grow faster than the
plants of the other rows. In a little
while the adjoining rows began to grow
faster, and the color became a darker
green. TIhe plants of the outside rows
from these three rows were growing,
but very slowly, in comparison to the
three. In time the next row on each
side of the three began to change color
and grow faster than the ones outside
of them. All this showed plainly that
the bacteria were increasing fast and
spreading in the soil.
"Now, to sum up, will say that no
plants can grow if the bacteria is not
present in the soil. And there is a
mistaken belief that the micro-organ-
isms thrive only on leguminous plants.
They are present in all soils that is in
a fit state to grow plants. So there
is no necessity for anyone to part with
their dollars in procuring bacteria for
alfalfa.
"I have found that alsyke clovers
thrive better than alfalfa on the low
wet lands I find that the plants of
alfalfa are very tender when quite
young, but become hardier as they
mature.


"When the soil is made suitable for
the requirements of the plants I find
it is just as simple and easy to grow
alfalfa as it is to grow cow peas or
any other plant."




[ The Prairies of Florida


(By Frederic J. Haskin.)

OT one man in a' thousand will see
the Everglades for the first time
without an exclamation of sur-
prise. The name suggests to the minds of
most persons a hazy idea of a tangled
tropical swamp, a jungle concealing alli-
gators and poisonous reptiles, a breeding
place for insect pests, an immense stag-
nant pool with a miasmatic and death-
dealing breath.
Expecting such a picture, what a sur-
prise it is to come suddenly into a great
open space, for all the world like an Iowa
prairie, and to be told: "This is the Ever-
glades."
To the eye, from the vantage of the
rear end of a Pullman, the region has the
appearance of a Western plain.
The water itself is a mystery. It is
wonderfully clear, it is pure as crystal, it
is palatable, and there is no place where
it stands long enough to become stagnant.
Perhaps the greatest wonder of the won-
derful Everglades, is the absence of mos-
quitoes.
The Everglades, grass-covered, fresh
watered, healthful, is a very different
place from the great swamp of the imag-
ination of so many people.


CRUISING ON THE RIVER.








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


INew Everglades Railroads



IF there has been any doubt as to
will be given to the settlers of the
the transportation facilities which
Everglades, it can now be laid aside with
the receipt of the news of two proposed
lines, which will be built in addition to the
Sanford & Everglades Railway, already
in course of construction.
The latest announcement is that of a
proposed line from Kissimmee to Port
Bassenger, the location of which can be
partly determined by looking at a map
of Florida. This road is not problemat-
ical, as the charter has already been
signed and the promoters, among whom
are some of the most prominent business
men of Minnesota, are now making ready
for the preliminary work.
The road is under contract to be com-
pleted by July, 1911, and will enter the
recently formed St. Cloud Colony, as
well as several other small towns. The
line of the road will tap some of the
most fertile territory of Florida and will
bring that section of the state into greater
prominence through increased shipping
facilities.
The Atlantic Coast Line Railway is now
conducting a survey for a road from
Bartow to Lake Hicpochee, and part of
this line will run through the real Ever-
glades land, the terminus being close to
the fertile prairies on the southern end
of Lake Okeechobee. This road will
undoubtedly be built as soon as the settle-
ment of the country in that section war-
rants the expenditure.
All possible haste is being made on the
Sanford & Everglades Railway, which
winds through the most fertile lands of
the central part of the state and which
will give additional incentive to new
settlers. With these three roads assured
and each of them being designed to give
to future settlers the best possible meth-
ods of getting their crops to markets, the
purchasers of Everglade land will have
more reason for holding on to their lands.
The building of the roads does away
with all speculation as to the ultimate
value of the Everglades, inasmuch as ex-
penditures for such enterprises are only
made after a careful and decided estimate
of possible returns and profits is made.
The progress of the new lines will be
closely watched and will undoubtedly :be
'the means of attracting hundreds of new
settlers to the Everglades lands.

Every prospective settler in
Florida should strive to learn
what the State is really like.


ON THE WAY TO LAKE OKEECHOBEE.


FLORIDA HOMESEEKERS' RATES

ECOGNIZING the demand for
cheap "homeseekers' rates"
from northern points to Flor-
ida, all railroads operating from the
north and northwest southward to
Florida, have adopted a schedule of
low rates for the round trip. These
rates are allowed only on certain days
of each month in order to give better
accommodations and to allow the dif-
ferent lines to make extra provisions
for large parties.
Two excursions per month are op-
erated to Florida, and all tickets are
good for 25 days from date of purchase,
with stop over privileges of 10 days at
any intermediate points going to, or
returning from southern stations.
The sale of tickets under the adopted
homeseekers' rates for the remaining
months of this year will be restricted
to the following dates: June 7 and 21;
July 5 and 19, August 2 and 16, Sep-
tember 6 and 20, October 4 and 18,
November 1 and 15.
The list of rates to Florida points
is too long to be given in full in this
issue of the Review, but the editor
will be glad to answer any inquiries
relative to this class of travel. An-
swers will be published in the regular
information column. All tickets sold
under the low rate are first class and
allow holders to take sleeping cars at
the regular rates in addition to excur-
sion fares.


THE REAL HAPPY MAN.

Theodore Roosevelt, whose close ob-
servation of the conditions of life, both
in this and other countries, enables him
to speak with a voice of authority, gives
his views of an independent farmer in the
following statements:
"I believe the happiest man these days
is the man with the little ten-acre farm-
even five acres is enough to support a
family and keep it busy.
"The owner of a ten-acre farm doesn't
have to 'knuckle to the boss,' nor strain
his conscience in the struggle in the in-
tense commercialism of the day.
"His income is practically untouched by
'financial depression.'
"His living and peace of mind are not
dependent upon the whim of any man.
"He is king in his own little domain.
"He can make his little ten acres earn
as much as between twenty and eighty
thousand dollars in cash would bring,
loaned out at 6 per cent ($1,200 to $4,800
per year).
"He has his close neighbors, his tele-
phone, good roads, schools, churches-
and, in fact, all the comforts and conveni-
ences of life that come with the prosper-
ous and close-knit community, though
they pass by the great isolated farm."


S HE influx of people
from the north to
fT i lands of th\ eIa


- -- ----- ------- Everglades will give a rapid ad-
iT HE steadily increasing vancement in all social and
population of Florida educational lines throughout
is a proof of its pros- the state
perity. the state.


--V-V VV VVVVVV-


L


rm- - --vv









FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


*A SAMPLE OF RIVER SCENERY.


i One Story of Success



IN making an estimate of the value
of the Florida Everglades lands
many of the prospective settlers
never stop to base their opinions on the
success already attained by the farmers in
the southern part of the state. Of the
hundreds who have heard of the great
tract of land being reclaimed by the State
Government of Florida, few realize the
great importance of the farming now in
successful operation on Everglades land.
Each year Florida farmers send to the
northern markets thousands of cars of
fruits and vegetables, which are grown
on just such land as will be opened to new
settlers by the Florida State Reclama-
tion Project. In fact, a large percentage
of the crops of vegetables are grown in
the edge of the Everglades, where land
has been reclaimed.
To get a proper idea of the land one
must refer to the records of those who
have been farming on the Everglades for
a number of years. No better example
can be offered than that of Walter Wal-
din, who cultivates one of the largest
farms in the Florida Everglades.
Ten years ago Mr. Waldin went to
Florida from Iowa and with nothing
more than his knowledge of northern
methods of cultivating the soil began to
raise garden truck on the edge of the
Everglades. At that time the matter of
draining the Evergla.'es had never re-
ceived .serious consideration, and Mr
Wallin lacked even a promise of assist-
ance from public funds. It would be a
long stor, to tell of his efforts and his


many difficulties, which seemed to multi-
ply faster than he could form ways of
protecting his crops, but he refused to be
discouraged.
Having learned how to work the soil of
the Everglades and also how to partially
provide for the changes of climate, which
in reality are little more than a change
from drouth to rain, Mr. \Valdin rapidly
achieved success, Planting a grove of
oranges and grape fruit trees at first, he
used the space between rows for vegeta-
bles. For several years the latter proved
his most profitable crop, but as if by
magic the fruit trees grew in size until
he was forced to seek new land for his
vegetable crop, and at the present time his
fruit_grove is the most valuable part of
his farm.
For several years Mr. Waldin captured
the majority of prizes offered at the agri-


cultural fairs of his section of the coun-
try, and at last, seeing that he was too
strong a competitor in the lists, refused to
make entries in opposition to his neigh-
bors.
The importance of the work accom-
plished by Mr. Waldin was of such mag-
nitude that a joint .committee of the
Florida Legislature of 1909 appointed to
investigate the Everglades drainage, paid
a visit to his farm in an effort to gain
first-hand information of the values of
the great tract of land. In answer to
questions of the committee Mr. Waldin
made the following statements, which
were included in the official report of the
committee.
"I have cropped here on this class of
land five years and my average on irri-
gated 'Glades land for the first four years
has been a trifle over $800.00 per acre per
year net. This year I have been obliged
to curtail my crop, as the trees (grape-
fruit) are beginning to interfere, as they
have a considerable spread. I have netted
about $500,000 this year on this land per
acre. I think a net of from $300.00 to
$500.00 can be made per acre on drained
Everglades land by intelligent culture
and close application to the following
crops-tomatoes, -beans, eggplants, cu-
cumbers, Irish potatoes, mango, peppers
and squash. I am also of the opinion
that one-half as much as this can be
made in many farm crops, such as sugar
cane, bananas, etc., and a valuable_grove
can be made either of oranges or grape-
fruit in the meantime. You will notice
I have left considerable margin between
what I have accomplished and what I
claim can be done by the average gar-
dener, but as it takes a little study and
knowledge to do this, I wished to be very


"OFFFOR THE;'GLADES," FROM FORT..MYERS,









FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


conservative in this matter, so as not to
mislead anyone.
"As to the value of a hearing grapefruit
or orange groves on this land I am not
ahle to say conclusively, as the price of
these fruits fluctuates considerably; of a
few things, however, I can speak intelli-
gently. Such a grove can be grown for
practically nothing (by growing any of
these crops between the rows to pay ex-
penses) ; that the fruit will remain longer
in juice I am able to say positively; also,
to state that the quality is of the very
best.
"As to the value of the land: Analysis
gives from 2 to 4 per cent of ammonia;
the fact that it can be drained cheaply and
irrigated cheaply should make this land
most valuable, especially when the excep-
tionally favorable climatic conditions are
taken into consideration. The matter of
transportation will, in addition to this, be
an important factor, as this can he and
will be accomplished through larger drain-
age canals."



Stock Raising in Florida



IT IS a deplorable fact that the
industry of stock raising has
never been given sufficient con-
sideration in Florida. Those who have
followed the industry during the past
years have held to the old methods and
have never spent much time or money in
the improvement of their herds, the cattle
being allowed to roam at will over the
wide expanses of natural prairies, with
only an annual or semi-annual round-up
at which time the grower selects from
the herd only those cattle for which he
has a market. The lack of attention to
the cattle has given Florida a heritage of
small, tough animals which are inferior
to those grown in the western and north-
ern sections of the country, but are still
possible of improvement.
Despite this lack of attention to the
cultivation and improvement of the stock,
the industry is of great importance and
thousands of cattle are shipped to Cuba
each year from the southern ports.of the
state. Of recent years there have been
several attempts to make improvements
and, while these efforts are yet in their
infancy, they have given promise of good
results. Several experimental stock farms
have heen started in the state, and the
demonstration have proved that beef,
pork and mutton can be grown in Florida
at surprisingly low cost, and with less
risk than in any other state of the union.
The only question for the stock grower
to solve is the improvement of his breed,


so that instead of a small sized animal
he will have a heavy and profit-giving
strain. I g
In the southern part of Florida thou-
sands of cattle roam the prairies on the
orders of the Everglades, and as those
lands become dry through the drainage
operations there will be additional grazing
land opened. The immensity of the Ever-
glades gives an assurance of sufficient
territory to accommodate great herds for
years to come, and the pasturage will un-
doubtedly be improved through the re-
clamation of the land.
The natural grasses of Florida, while
not so succulent as the grasses of the
north, make splendid pasturage and insure
feed for herds all the year round. But,
leaving aside the matter of raising stock
with the dependence on the natural
supply of feed, the advantages of Florida
for growing such plants and vines as give
fine returns on the farms and ranches of
the west are unexcelled.
Florida can grow more feed to the acre
than the states further north. There is no
feed grown that is more nourishing than
the velvet bean, and it has been demon-
strated that one acre of velvet beans will
make more beef than two acres of corn.
These are not harvested, but at the right
time the cattle are turned into the field,
saving the expense of harvesting. The
cowpea is another forage plant that yields
a large tonnage of the best kind of fodder
and grain.
Beggar weed is another plant which
makes more fodder to the acre than the
best timothy meadows and at the same
time the seed is more nutritious than corn
or ground feed. \elvet beans, cowpeas
and beggar weed are all nitrogen gather-
ing plants, and while they are producing
a large amount of food for the stock are
also pumping the soil full of nitrogen, the
most expensive fertilizer that the farm
has t:, purchase.


The old idea that the finer breeds of
cattle, such as are seen in the northern
sections of the United States, will not
thrive in Florida has been refuted by
several progressive ranchmen who, while
only having a limited number of cattle.
have shown that the well known milk and
beef producers, such as Jerseys, Durhams,
Herefords and other breeds, succeed after
they are acclimated. Even now the in-
roads on the western lands by the rapidly
building settlements have caused large
cattle growers to look to other states
and it will not be surprising to hear in the
future that some of these have secured
reservations on the prairies of the Florida
Everglades to provide for future years.



Ten Reasons for Living in
the Everglades


1-The climate is the nearest perfect
on earth.
2-On account of the location of the
land the earliest crops can be grown.
3-The first small fruits and vegetables
of the season can be sent to northern
markets.
4-Florida is 1,700 miles closer the
eastern markets than its nearest com-
petitor, California.
5-Cyclones, blizzards and sunstrok'
are unknown in this section.
6-Two to four crops a year can lie
raised without difficulty.
7-Because of the little expense at-
tached to making a home.
8-The freedom from cold makes the
state an ideal location for those in poor
health.
9--The price of Florida Everglades
land is lower in comparison than that of
other states.
10-W-ith all the ease and security of
living the Everglades offers greater in-
ducements than any other section of
Florida.


"WILD MILLETT." NATURAL GRAIN OF THE EVERGLAI)ES.








FLORIDA EVERGLADES REVIEW


Some Everglade History-How The Vast st- -

Territory of Land Has Been Saved An Okeechobee Colony


Interesting Description of the Great Drainage Work as Described in
the April Issue of Hampton's Magazine, by J. L. Mathews


H ERE is a statement of the Flor-
ida swamp lands, the Everglades,
and their donation. Most of
them you will see were given to "en-
courage" railways. From these the state
secured no return whatever-they were
not even necessary for the railroads.
Only in the last two items does the
transfer of cash appear, and that was a
very small amount. The worst of this
situation is that the railroadg..retarded
the development of the swamp lands by
the state in the hope that they could se-
cure the remaining tract.
Number of
acres
Conveyed to railroad com-
panies before 1899 ......... 8,242,317
Deeded to canal and drainage
companies ................ 2,276,173
Deeded for railway bonds be-
fore 1869 .................. 361,666
To individuals prior to 1899.... 550,000
Sold for cash ................ 4,000,000
Deeded to all other persons, for
cash ....................... 1,723,203
This was a total of more than 17,-
000,000 acres parted with, leaving the
state with 2,980,239 acres, for which rail-
roads and companies were fighting, and
against which they had filed claims
aggregating more than 7,000,000 acres.
Then the right man appeared-a big,
bluff, silent, powerful chap, who had
made a reputation filibustering around
Cuba, seconding and supporting revo-
lutions, and doing daring things in the
way of rescuing wrecked and stranded
vessels. Napoleon B. Broward, a
"cracker" boy from the Jacksonville
country -one of "these here plain com-
mon people" as I heard a Wisconsin
congressman describe him-was one of
us who had an ownership in common in
this land and hated to be cheated out of
it.
Broward came forward trying to find
a governor who would stand for state
control and state development of the
Everglades. He could not find one, so
he ran himself. They say he traveled
the length and breadth of Florida wav-
ing a map of the Everglades in his hand.
As' soon as he was elected he began his
work, fighting strenuously against organ-
ized railway opposition.
Florida had created a drainage com-
mission and assessed a tax on the rail-
way-owned lands for their drainage.
That was upset by the courts. Then


the legislature passed a direct taxation
law for the same purpose, and this the
courts upheld. It. lays a tax of five cents
an acre on all the land in the great
drainage districts. That which involves
the .Everglades includes some 4,000,000
acres, of which the -i t.: half.
'1this is. the most .. .; i ',I region in
America for the actual constituents of
its soil. It is formed like the Missis-
sippi Valley overflow lands. But it has
in some manner acquired from the sea
and from the decaying vegetation and
dissolving rock an enormous percent-
age of nitrogen, so that some of it could
be worked commercially for the nitrogen
alone and give a return of $6 per ton of
soil.
This nitrogen is an essential element in
the growth of sugar, and yet it is not
exhausted but rather increased hy the
constant cultivation of sugar.
Analysis shows that whereas one tenth
of one per cent, of nitrogen in the soil
is a very fair average for good soils,
much of this Everglade grass land runs
as high as 2.5 per cent. Sugar grown on
it gives marvelous results-as high as
6,000 pounds of dry sugar to the acre.


I HEAP labor on farms
of Florida is made
possible by the low
cost of living.
I I


EW of the investors in lands lying
south of Lake Okeechobee in the
Everglades section of Florida
know that a colony of settlers is now
located there and is making wonderful
progress. This colony is having a most
enjoyable time, although miles away from
any other settlement. Quite recently one
of the colonists visited Fort Myers and
gave a glowing account of the work of
the few settlers.
At the present time the colonists reach
a market by going down the Coloosa-
hatchee river to Fort Myers, and, while
the voyage is a long one, they transport
their vegetables and supplies with but
little trouble, the strong current of the
river from Lake Okecchobce giving them
great help to the coast. The colony is
not an experiment, having been in opera-
tion for a year or more.
The farming lands of the colonists ex-
tend along the lake shore a distance of
two or three miles. This part of the
Everglades is owned by the Florida Ever-
glades Land Company and is the highest
of any in that part of the state.
All kinds of vegetables are grown on
the rich muck land and the coming of the
warm weather has no effect on the pro-
ductivity of the soil. Indian corn is one
of the staple, all the year round crops, and
four harvests were made during the past
year. So far the colonists have used no
fertilizer on the land and all are confident
that their produce equals any grown with
artificial means.
Being exposed to the wide waters of the
lake the settlers do not find the summer


CANAL ENTERING LAKE OKEECHOBEE. FISHING CAMP ON THE RIGHT









READ THESE LETTERS FROM LAND BUYERS


AN ORANGE GROVE ON THE CALOOSAHATCHEE.


months too hot and the health of all has
been excellent. The water from the lake
is wholesome and pure, and malaria is
unknown. The location of the colony is
ideal for a future town and within the
next few years there will undoubtedly be
a great many more farmers there.


000--------------

Satisfied Buyers



HUNDREDS of letters written by
purchasers of Everglade land
could be published, and the fact
that most of these letters were written
by purchasers after they had visited the
lands and made personal inspections, is
the strongest proof of their satisfaction.
The following are only a few of these
received by the Florida Everglades
Land Company, the pioneer concern
handling that class of land. The
original letters are filed in the office of
the Florida Everglades Land Company,
1410 Republic Building, Chicago, Ill.:


Minneapolis, Minn., May 16, 1910.
The Florida Everglades Land Co., Re-
public Bldg., Chicago, Ill.
Dear Sirs:-
I have received your acknowledgement
of my contract for one tract of land, to-
gether with your good letter, also of
yours of 2nd of May with copies of let-
ters of a number of contract holders.
Was especially pleased with Mr. Clar-
ence Edsall's letter.
We are very glad that we possess one
tract and wish we owned several more,


for all are convinced it is the best prop-
erty of any place in the country. The
more we learn of the Everglades lands,
the better pleased we are with our hold-
ings and the more we value them.
Enclosed pleased find draft for $10
payment for May.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) C. T. SPENCER.



Leadwood, Mo., May 19th, 1910.
To Whom it May Concern:
I have just returned from a trip to
the Florida Everglades Company's
land, and must say I as well as the rest
of the party had a most enjoyable trip.
I saw several kinds of fruits and vege-
tables growing on the land. We had
the pleasure of staying there two nights
and one day, paying a visit to the east
short of Lake Okeechobee and also
making a trip down the south canal
There we had a fine view of the land
by going up fifty feet on an observa-
tion tripod. I am well pleased with
my purchase and if I can interest any
one in the Everglades I will be pleased
to do so.
(Signed) S. J. VAUGHN,



Leadwood, Mo., May 19, 1910.
To whom it may concern:
This is to certify that I have pur-
chased a contract from the Florida
Everglades Land Co., and have visited
the land and found everything as rep-
resented and I think it is a safe in-
vestment, and I believe in the near fu-
ture it will be the garden spot of the
world. L. A EATON,
Liveryman.


Leadwood, Mo.
The following is a letter recently re-
ceived from a party of citizens of Lead-
wood, Mo., who recently made a trip
to the Everglades lands:
Ft. Myers, Fla., May 11th, 1910.
We, the undersigned have inspected
the land of The Florida Everglades
Land Co., and found everything as rep-
resented by their literature.
(Signed) L B. HISE,
U. S. VAUGHN, L. A. EATON,
THEO. EHRICHS, F. W. RINGER,
FRED. HINSON, J. V. VAUGHAN,
W. F. SMITH, J. S. BOYER.



Fredericktown, Mo., May 16, 1910.
Everglades Land Co.
F. Myers.
I have just returned from your lands.
Will say in regard that it is better than
represented. I am glad I invested.
(Signed) F. W. RINGER.



Leadwood, Mo., May 17, 1910.
Florida Everglades Land Co.,
Kind Sirs:-
Will remit ten dollars in this note as
the fourth payment on my land contract
in the Florida Everglades. You will par-
don me for being late. I waited for the
men from this part of the county who
had gone to see the Everglades land to
get back. They say it is all 0. K. I do
not entertain any fears.
As ever yours,
(Signed) JAS. H. HUITT,
Leadwood, Mo.


Leadwood, Mo., May 19, 1910.
Florida Everglades Land Co.,
Chicago, Ill.
I have just returned from your land
south of Lake Okeechobee where I was
very much pleased to see how every-
thing grew; what impressed me very
much was the way the wild vegetation
grew, for it was so much ranker growth
than I had seen any where else on the
way down there.
It would take much space to men-
tion the different vegetables that I saw
growing on this land and trees and
grain, but will say it was as fine a dis-
play as I ever saw. It is certainly fine
country for sport-fishing and hunting.
Before visiting this land I bought one
contract and after seeing it I have
taken more. Will say I found every-
thing as represented.
Yours respectfully,
L. B. HISE,
Hotel Man.





SUBSCRIBE TO THE

Florida Everglades

Review
If you are interested in Florida or the Everglades
this Magazine will keep you posted on the
work being done in that state

Interesting and Important Articles Will
Appear in Each Issue

You Can Not Afford to Miss One Number. Don't
Depend on Getting Back Numbers
$1.00 A YEAR SINGLE COPIES, 10 Cts.
ADDRESS ALL LETTERS TO
The Florida Everglades Review
Republic Building, State and Adams Streets
N. B. USE ENCLOSED SUBSCRIPTION BLANK CHICAGO, ILL.




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs