M otl 4'. Ii)*t''d .
L AND F.VFR%1 -I M I P IN %fD 4 % Ik
Caribbean Scholarship in the Digital Age
The Digital Framework
Physical access to texts/artifacts
Virtual digital representations
Multiple Modalities (WOVEN)
Future Research -
Two Case Studies
-Samuel Keimer: Universal Instructor
Pennsylvania Gazette,- Barbados
- John Augustine Waller: A Voyage in
the West Indies
I ne uaily LnghSn Newspaper
March 11 1702 1735
The Daily Courant
Ist Daily Newspaper
The Dailv Courant.
Edward Mallet, Publisher
Mallet advertised that he
intended to publish only
foreign news, and claimed z = =--
that he would not take upon
himself to add any comments
of his own, supposing other
people to have sense enough
to make reflections for
SCHEME of a LOTTERY,
NONY f"~W~b~rl~m ht tkb
flaymo dam &aiar (bralIad) arrb~ no ma
ahIC oI]M Paicmd ifprdd 1760. Wham..
~oRimm Dar Mri, N~ .aa
April 1i70m4 r- 172,hmoo insld
A Th: MUOIjftImNcwi Iw cr. "AIlorgrr, in m..
A ium T mm N. T--.
Colonies~ir i oo nimfr
CSL- **1.*..n*r .
John Campell Pulihe 2 e~Ka~n .P
-- r t, m W I mni, r e Ad.
Camp'ell rs ater rai editorri
1. am jab.r Pa.U.
give n.o. .1 off enrerr not medlig it
l rad %7. d.. mon
things out of his Province. D: dw Idn .1
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C --B-B- A N A.
LETTERS and DISSERTATIONS,
On various SUBJECTS and OccasIoNs;
Qd.ifty wo t by fe-Al HIt.d &i dit
M'E S T-I ND I E S,
Aad m rf hm doCu.Ci.m rehC.f dal .
Now toakdt agercrt in
awh.dm .i.. .t.1k -,6dm p .r6.q.i w A
rmo So ad L.- Zi,. FaonJ, rens tob. T-,Dlp ;
CXlurrMrT, xnd J Dnnw$ aa B-t)l bui atxe efpm cair,
ot dae f bm Ar,-tl S.ao.ColCToo and of Broiil la pi-r
cmlr: A. low~ rhe rhan5oo of ite mno eomiet Mon diac
h-Ndd. of hitYeY n thu IOod.
Tao id. rc ddId in
APPE N DI X,
Some Pieces never before Publied
V O L I
Pri mnd frT. O W.Mo s and W. Soni. in GC~**iJ C.AIB.
rw. Jiawr Sin ,,, . Aoo to M, 8,m L CE it.hi
fo..#ii-& t tn-t R. Dooyr0. i. P.MwA&4 -1
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mc &d, Ji oo Ya>^ in mie da.i&.&
To .0kb .e ..&5t4 in 00
AP P E N D I X,
Some Peces never before Publ
JO NDO N:
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T H E
PR E.F A C E.
l rtd uw afrwIh Poik iA hf I oGMlot ludPrdW
,/ , sor Sgir Cakiar,i. America, and Win o j& rf of
lib w.1 'fot.pm m ohi rr m -w C-W ef rb, GLb4,. a top
p t.-i oforr f or dr f Mr 4 aW C.rnm weo 1 a Rath
rInd o .ro a dl mC lof' aoi %t &-rrnafid .r-
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t.rori* 'I Vrf^a bJoMr o an i k rr ril .i4 oFr, a ano wob.
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^ro APolor s iOe C a .tPnsar Uol. miinj.
A' G9OD P-1r OltM If iol WKk -or 1- o owo m&wV ojt.2
Ibt PoICd af 1. lld11 H wotwM4l fir B*eftl iind is wo
rif W t. .arrd l ad rh i f &h sigbkwi Bd-
a a p wh&frw Mof
A Voyage in the West I ~ Indies I
between 1808 and 1810.
0 text with images
0 iksotsd Do
0 aaiabiit a Rae oo
Tins following pages, which were not originally in- i h e tI d e a n e d d t
tended for publication, having afforded gratification to
many of the A~uthor's friends, and it being considered en rt i is r ad s w th he u ho '
that a familiar view of the West India Islands, and of
the manners and customs prevailing in them, was a D s rp i n f"i i g t p c "
-desideratum, he has been induced to lay before the
public such particular, u 1.11 %%iihin hi. oDn ytbberEL-
tian au1I)ll hE IFLEA tht lji dclinrdstion 4 ibe- r~ne tra-ng-
E.Llamric region.,, and of the inaInnner- -11 fli,-ir inhabiLants,~I I~II
Will DOL be found Uffliulrr-ting ro l iane L nttrrei irn
r5cientific details of natural hiri-A%. ,,,ulll ha~t f'ar ex-
ceedaed hio6 limild. amll -ouldl, it, fart. hal\ e xe only
a repetition of %but i idreadl 1) to be f-jim-1 it % @:,rk
profesi-eily treating -in thoe %ubjc~t he h&, therefore
confloc-d his obbc rvat ionb chic dy to 1,% ing tOPiC..
I cV'' .
-~*( I I '' 9
F,11. ~" C
Irr 'Fl '
SWe how continued to run down the coast, at the distance of
about two miles. On passing the small battery at Ponce-bay,
the Spaniards, to give us some idea of their bravery, fired one
gun at us, and we observed a very great bustle at their fort;
but pased on, without taking any notice of their fire, not a little
chagrined at finding no vessels in their harbours. Some of the
fishermen informed our pilot that a felucca had sailed from
PQnce two dayv before, and they believed she was still in a bay
to leeward. We here parted with our privateer, which we hadi
detained, and continued our course alung-shore to the west-
ward. We were frequently becalmed alter noon, and fre-
quently were assailed uy sudden gusts of wind, from three or
four differt'i points of the compass, in the space of five nminuics;
sometimes from two different points at the same moment.
About two o'clock, the mountains of Porto Rico presented a
scene truly sublime: their summits were buried in black clouds,
while the rain poured in torrents down their sides; and vivid
flashes of lightning broke incessantly through the black glorm,
to increase the awfulness of the scene. The allies, in the mean-
time, reverberated the deep and tremendous pe.ils of thunder,
which rolled without intermission on the mountain-tops. This
grand landscape we contemplated at the distance of three or
four miles; while we enjoyed, at the same time, a bright un-
clouded sun, an ocean as smooth as glass, and an atmosphere
not agitated by the least breath of wind. The privateer was at
the same moment encountering a very heavy squiil, not two
miles from us;-a phenomenon pretty common between the
tropics. This spectacle continued more than an hour, when
another very surprising phenomenon attracted our attention:-
it was a water-spout. I had never been able to conceive before
how a water-spout was formed, but had now an excellent op-
portunity of observing it from its very commencement. It
began close alongside the ship by a whirlwind, which put the
water into a rapid circular motion, forming a whirlpool, with a
deep depression in its centre like a well: the diameter of its
vortex appeared to me to be about eight yards. On the cir-
cumference of the well the water began to be elevated, at first
slowly, and, as it were, in foam; but, ha.vi gained an elevation
VOYAGES and TRA VELS, A-O. 6,- f'o. 11. F
sied us throgl* the pr~nsipal %irfcif tile. city. it seems in.
possible for a stranger to form atii idea of Tarxinarabo by a
mparison with any other towo; it j. altogetlirt rewriordinary,
and diffe~rlt front any I have ever scwen.
I have observed alre.dr that the principal street ial *ru y
broad, and planted with double rows of orange and llein ots
C-11 .1ch Ic J, 0)i,klv cuercd st;,h (ruki, w.3 forming an etgree..
Pill" Alad. ,* i.r - Cr U01'-alli ItIleir. III tVJ suhurbl Of the
Ii t l;v dIC rov3 .. e*s2,i 0%l o. I. %,t. ir, Oi c5 ofI SCOrt-trees on
ea~fh dL, :%id btet"..t-r tlhe, .tied slit hluaw. art!c *eti rden
jL ii, -er IC israted hoto othe utri b JLcd .i b hutc Culove
arnd square in the Uutch fashoan ; so tbat the houses on one side
cannot be seen from those on tie other, and oh11% noxv 310 then
by the passenspr in the middle of the street. The w .-o1e town
resembles at) immense garden, atounding with fruit. contsiler.
Ailv rn ak than could be consumed by thci nhawills,*, and
flording to the passenger a most pratefa1 liwfniuai and refresb-
tug .briia. The principal street is about a aslde its Iengil, and
there so several parallel to it not much less.: Aueet. 1s ect
ach other at Iig it .sIIgl. Thus the town occupies a prodigp-
ors space, of which at least one-salf is laid out to gprdesss.
A heavy thunder storm abour noon drove us Into Ihe b6-
rFacs, where we were accommodated ITy :Ifat oilers -Aith a
ce aigo. of linen and every thits we could dcte. I observed
here ev specttnensaod pe ctioms of nsrursul history, col.
lected y.the officers, which they had pUare-lh..s:J frlo tili ai-
liu~r .hr6ViKIIC. Of II Ic, olokni. There I.,t come daily to
* rT~( to" IIt Itl. Lrt p...tr%. hIRIIoging Ik fillt thel. "i haever Uey Catn
04 pee F (at rnei, ; .. ('1 rh1eu, jvlrl-l L3I-eii tllat Spes or
aaimsals, and a s I.rwty oh U. .. 00iidt, Which they will
often carve into scrNJo 3sit a ml.er ueilCp..AI, aui afterytawdsl
polF6h vcrv highly. I wva. ui.i .ViUIuir:i'Iie .t the tecight and
1 .rIlfle. of somre of these article, as ii ell .s Ikeu beauty ol the
veins. Blowe and "Fro% S ate cur. to lie objiej of commerce
m sth thes,; IndSmaii parties; and tife-armnv an ul smuniuun form
the mrost k.sirslWe arttcikS Of eschaug
pistl uP, all aitOost irresitblW11 ItlAdlU`ot1, and the msot valu-
able collection of natural lriltry miUht be prixurtd (or these
trifles. Thv Starntes that Il 54 werv, hoth triern aid wome1In,
ChlifeIN Diked, eCrXfit a 1.iW1tt pi1r1ita 'ilol, Hwhich W.,
lt (4 Ii~d tieohimu to a nitimug ried roaunidL tlhe vui.i, ard pasiug
s., is th, legs. C.SIi0d lip Hu',I ;1.:I 1 .f ; ethis tSa scrcely
btUhteii ltI U RK, IiC IlL ltiLt5, IAQMWttutikU1. I `AA%~ 2AIQTItsted to
See di M ACle I fJr i.lJell j lly -Is tatci sea r. piipiuluma and
p0olite a IPIACC as raesarabu, fot IIuL oiill t" (ndtill nations
t V--f Yjiiham L
William L. Bryant
" .. .'1 ,1' r '**'
.. .- \
.*,"' *"' Ind es
S- ------, lorda
,,, . ...', .,.
.. West Indies
10 A k. ,
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Becoming DigitalII I~ IIII tIItI ~~ III) I~ ~II(~I) ~YII )
"Lkea ore f atre te igta ae anotbedeie o soped I
has four very powerful qualities that will resulII t in its ultimate triumph:I ItI CcYII
decenraliingglobaizin, hamonizng, nd epowerng. .. ;
"Evry ecnolgy r iftof cincehasa arksid. ein diitl i n
exception ... )) ~I~~I~I~II(~
"A w mvemretoar uc adiialwold n ntresctr f h
populatin will e or fe l disenranchisd ... )
"[e]th amoiigefetofbig iia i leayapaeta
prvoul ariine icilns n etrrie in h msle