Group Title: Miscellaneous Papers
Title: Scrapbook (newspaper clippings): 1901-1904
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
Finding Guide: A Guide to the William Sherman Jennings Papers
 Material Information
Title: Scrapbook (newspaper clippings): 1901-1904
Series Title: Miscellaneous Papers
Physical Description: Archival
Publication Date: 1901-1904
Physical Location:
Box: 28
Folder: Scrapbook (newspaper clippings): 1901-1904
Subject: Jennings, William Sherman, 1863-1920.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094876
Volume ID: VID00031
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

6 per cent. bonds of 1873, held by individ-
nals .......... . .... .. ......... 14.. Iii.00

Making, a tot.l ....,'.t-tanding bonds .... -1,": ,;.. 0
Uud.r th:- p ,\. -' C. ha'pt'er 1937, A,..tir
of 1873, 6 ,r. n. bods i,-ri, iisuo-l to the
T Vaimt .. .. .. ....................... $ fil.'.7 '.'l)
ThE4"toDj `-ond maturedd 'January 1, 1903.
Th,-re have :,-n 1.aid, and are now in the
Sinking Fuund] ...... ........... ..00
And they will be dslrv,-d undr Chapter v
4947, A\ts of 1901..
O'f the rE-nainirm .i.;4.5'00." ,.l -1n the Edu-
cational Fund of th'e State.i.6:.], as invest-
ments ......... .... ....... ........ $ 616,81n.00
Thlise blon.ds, o s ,'.i.L] oft tiimi as are not
paid by li.-.ihlativ.' nppropriaion, will, un-
less otherwise dir':t:.1, Lie :onv'.rt,- into
consolid.ited nij iiuscript 3. p r ent. l.,on]-.
under the provisions of C'hupt. r 41,47. T4:
Acts of 1901. 0
The $148,000.00 of these bonds, held by indi-
.viduals, at their maturity on Januiry 1,
1903, have been taken up sine- then by the .
Indian War claim fund, .y dArtI~,n of tlh- ,. ,'-\
Board of Comnnision.-r' of State liwttitutions,
and the same are now carried by the trea-
urer as cash, as a part of the amount to th.- A;'
credit of the lipl.iai \VW r, finid. Ths [f'
course was necessary to protect the ,rn-lit' q
the State in the absence of an irppr9pri- ,.':
to pay the bonds at their maturitv..;:. ."
There are now on hand in the tr.siur- r'd' -,;e -i.
, credit of the Indian War claim fuM .... $ &2946.00
Out of this should be paid Ithe amount du- the
school fund, the proceeds o. sale'-s of land
growing out of- .*;. 5 per ccAt. fund, under p
act of CongresA. .,9provd Mair..h 1845, .
received from the Federal government,
amounting to ........ ........... ..... $ 88,362.1.
Also, amount retained and co\er.-d into the
treasury by the Federal government on ac-
count of S'anjp Land Indemnity sales due



the Internal Imrovement Fund of Florida,
received from the Federal government in
said settlement, amounting to ............ $ 25,007.02
Also, amount retained and. ...4.i,..T into the 1
treasury 1'y the Federal authorities (census
account), due the general revenue fund
of Florida, received from the Federal gov-
ernment in said settlement, amounting to.. $ 9,326.21
I recommend that the amount due the. school fund be
turned over to.the State B,.i :.i. of Education, to be :reudied
to said fund; that the amount d.ue th. Internal Improvement
Fund of Florida I.... 1pid over to the tru-t:,: ,-f said fund.
I recommend that the amount found to be due the general
r. ,A fur,1. together with the balance in the Indian War
claims funri. o; -_i"n by the Tr..,iurr'~ r,.-p.:.rt. be applied
to t in.. i .,II t .f 1i,- bonded debt of Florida.
It i' I :i-.rv,:d that the ;3-:i.;r bonds, k-u-ed in 1871,
dra per ..,int. inl, r.:-t. I:n,] lhisili ii-u,-.,] in 1S ,?,, draw-
in. .r nt. irit,'r.-t (arounintine? to i...".'2.500.00) have
f, tur.-J. n-.:t i _,1i iir, th:-..- in tihr- sinking fund.
i lt.-'r t ld onrr, the State d.:-t in 19 n,''. im.-.nting to
j 0. wh,:l.,. t l-:. :- s -in V.ra :, int r,-.t f.:.r th- thirty
r ,:r. 1:ws that tlie people r-f Florida lhav paid $.' Tti:3O0.00
ir, on 'i'l., ?. .i.i,.iiO. and that noit .ne do, lir has been
p-.1 ',u th.- principal of -thi pr,.,.nrt hibnded in-
d, Lt.,t-i'n.- 'urin .the p, t thirty ;-,:.r:. save that rqre. rntted
b leb,:r- il the sinking fund. It may be argued that our
I ond- are held -by our school fund. This may be true, but
Ili v .are ir, nti.r, t-heari .- v-rni l.--. It has also been sug-
S,-i. ihat ,ir ln. ..b onlv draw.3 ler .i-n't. interest. True
i ot it oniSt, i r.iii-nrt-..] thit the tax payer who pays thlii
int. r. r.t.i ., p, r :irAl. a.nd 10 per cent. for.momny invest-
ed in his home iid bi-irnii, ariA. tliu,. eight or ten per cent.
on our l.ofnd..1 d,]it. The r.-ncr.,cs of our State abundantly
.jo.-tit\ the iMnc- li:it- payment of the enrir- hi,-inied debtof
F..rl... wihi., in my opinion, can be done without increas-
in tih rate of rnill..; of i..jtion. It seems to me of par-
a'mii-nrt importance that this be done.

The application of the balance in the Indian War claims
fund, ._S9,5 7, should be applied to the bonded debt,
which would leave the bonded dbLt $452,983.13.
The iliti., of the proceeds from the hire of State
prisoners for the remaining tlire years of the prI-rnt con-
tract (estimated at $160,000.00 per annum) will yield $480,-
000, ,nihi.l:h ill pay the principal and $27,076.87 on the inter-
est, thus iy, u-, off the entire bonded debt of the St.:,t.:, and it
appears to me that the conclusion is irresistible that such a
course is wise, and its benefits cannot be overestimated for the
general welfare of the State. I recommend that this plan be
adopted, the bonded dkit of Florida be paid and dis-
charged, and the t.,:p-F, -rs be thus finally-and it is to be hop-
ed forever-relieved from the burden of paying interest that
brings no return, and should be no part of the economic gov-
ernment of a S.ite of th1 rt-o-iurc of Florida.
'The seven per cent. bonds of the:- Stuat'. inueal under ('1.
ter,1833, Acts of 1871, rnitl 1.,1 J:,n.1,r, 1. 1901. '1''
total issue was *$.3:5',: .i.. # Of t'hi a ,,rn ,ut ".~.;,., l. -
paid by the sinking fund, while f he :.linuti. iial. funds .:,f the
Statb.. j.'h i, from the indi. i. l i- -v h.:, i. 1h.l tlh.:1,. as an invest-
I,' -_i. th, ..,,.-L, $267,70T 0.


In ..iieh,_.:- to the .f., ;i.-n- ,:,r Chapter 4947, Acts of 1901,
three coisolidal,,:d manuscript three per cent. b t:il.., to mature-
January 1, 19.'.l, :-,ggr, .'tli, $267,700, were issued to the
edu.cItioi:,n fiin.1 of 11': Sttr in lieu of thei $i.',700 seven
per cent. bonds held by the funds, which matured January 1,.
1901. The bonds so rd.1-,nr ,d, together with those held by the
sinking fund, were destrrNd by burning, all of which is
shown in detail in the report of the State Treasurer, dated
January 1, 1902.


Th_1:.-0L;h lib: l.:-.n .. ,-..:--. .. F'ori,.' d.-'l'lgation in
'Cn.. .nompo-:d : of the Hoo,,_r.ibl.: s S. R. Mallory, James
P. Taliaf'?rri, Unit.-ed States Senator,. and the Honorahbles
Steplhn M. Spa-lmaun and Rolie.rt IV. Davi-. members of the
Houce of Re'..r..s'n.itati,-,s in the Unit-d Starte Congress, the
Sa:count i.:tv...: the i.r:l -o:.v rnn-nlt and the State of FloP-
ida was -in:orrorat-il iNto al r act of C'ng'inr for the allow-
an t-:- rf.r ,-rtain iL.-iiri l,:r t:r> -nl s uppli'-:, reported by the
: .uirt ,tf :ia:lii,. und'-r th,- |r.:visions of an act approved
Mar'.h 3. 1S.3, :omniioinlv ln:-wn as the Bowen Act. and for
,th.r pt, rpos.- I Piii. No. 1-d' i 4 1. which p!a ,o d the Conegrss
of th.:- Unit,-d States and was approved May '27. 19'?, which
providMd that the -ecretary Ihe authorized and directed to .set-
tle the riutual ac-ount hr_:-tofirer stated betw,-en the United
St it.:s and the Stat, of Florida. und'tr authority of an act of
C ?'fres. aco:rdinr to the nmod. stat'-d, as may be found near
foot of pa._ge 3 of a letter frouti the secretary in his re-
t ]-It' LD o .... l..-r 1 6 10 9. ,u)hsb,?.1 ;i c utive d.'-
nt No.. '"'. House. t f Rpr,'en ttiirrs, 5 t C'ongr.-s firstt
ion. vBy continuing th- tnIpulation of the interest upon
thi- ] 'lni-i:al upon lot!h sides to the date of s'-ttlenimnt, and
a:'ertIininl- the l.alance du ti- -Aid State. autlhorizin- the
secretary of thA i treasury to surre'ndier to the' Go.vernor of Flor-
-1 -a the- I,'l iid t h: said StAta 1.-i, 1 :, 11 it Unite- States, ap-
propriating sutTir-nt money to pay to the State of Florida
wharte-vr ba lanue found to b.e duiE said St;.iM providkd.that, in
furth-r ,n.mputing the said mutual account from the first day
of January, 1890. no greater rate of interest shall be allowed
the State of Florida than the State has paid. is obligated to
pay, or lsi lost in con,:un-etion with said a'.c-ount. Within
a few ays aft,-r thQ- approval of this act of Congress, I
addre-? :d a communication to the Honorable Secretary of
the Treasury asking for an immediate adjustment and settle-
ment of the claim as therein referred to, and, at the same
Ali. l.-1l:ing -,. demand for the a.iount. due the St.-te of Flor-

ida from the gener-ral governme-nt-ibein:' l -? p-r c:ent'iu of
the net proceed of the salesale of the land within the State of
Florida, as provided by the a:t :of Co:ngrev. apl, r.r.'d Ml .h
3. ISK4_, which amniunts had l.:en a,:-.:umuiatin: from the date
the State -as admitt-Il into the Unioin. i:= i.:,wn l, stat-itueLnt
of thli S:iretary of the Tr.aWur. da tl.,d Mar.:h 9,
1901. rimountin: to $S.14ii.': ; alsii r,::je--tiig a --ttl-imiL.nt
of tio laianne due the State .-f Flor.d-i ,on -i.:t:. liunt of swabip
la n dl h _i l. n im_ tv l. -. ,1.1lr:-,'! ai -- : r, tin ,- If I
ro r:.--r:1 i nto the- T r.i- r, .,- '. i' z, lit ., th
State. l.-r inti, r.- t ., li.- r -th:..- .1, 0 1 ., d1-
her-1 ill tfil. l ii i tl t J',n l. l i.:, U tf ,i to '-'.'I ,jl1:. -"
a, shir.wl jI' the ,;r i:re ip, .iip, nie -ith tii DI p.-irtrn :nt. S ion
ther-after. I w.-i advis--, i', the S. ta f '-,i t!ie Ti: ii-
urv that in-, thr v .- ('..mri _ii .t ,., i,,.,d b.-,:r, r.t'-rr ,d to the
Third ,,f the W .r ti.partme .nt for 1i.- uttnli ,,n. wo-it]
dire:tionr hle mi:i, .and i t.te ab ,a.:in t, mak.inr s.-ttl.-
ment in a,._i irdane: xirh thi: .vt ,f' (' rn'r.- d,:ti-r. '. to. And,
about thie ':'.: of' JuLie. l'1'0?, a :,omrm .nitiri was r::, i'..: i
from thl- Third Auddltir ..f the Wa r Depirtment .i=l:in, f'. -.
certain'-l ine.:-'irds v.w which in-h:.:ite'-l a r..i-r.nt ,'n- ,,
stru..tlo,,I Of ie prf i:,rn-i ..' f t :, I l.'..ii .- thall tlIt ,W f
c-onltndId for; andi I proe-ed-d t W-i. hin-toun a.d, after a
conft'-erence with the authorities there. a settlement was reicl-
ed, and the .a iic nt stated f as o: i the day rf June. I'.ii
on the Iasis of r, p,-r :etii. irit-rist fr:in the:- irt 1doi, of
January,. IS'0. to the i1rd day of Jarnuary. l',')i.--the dil ,I
that the :e-en per cent. F'lori-Ja .-,:nd,' mnaturr-I and w-ar.- re-
new-,l at three p]r ment., li-avig' the intereAt-!.ear-
ing Florida Ionds drawing ix .,: per :e,-t. interi-st, whi-:h. und'-r
the pr \iso of said adt of Congress thit Florida should not re-
ceive a gre-atr rate of interMst than said State p1,.i, ... t
cent. was allowed from January 1. 1201, to the date of settle-
ment.-total principal and interest (after paying Florida
bonds. $132,000.00, and interest i amounting to $670-,91nS.(o0.
Afterwards, it was discovered that the amounts; retained byv
the general g'vernrnent on aIC.ount of thi: 5 p..r c -nt. nirid

swamp land indemnity funds, on account of Florida bonds held;
by the Indian trust fund, had not been fully accounted for--'
hi.h i error grew out of the failure of the Auditor of the
Trea,-ury Department to take into account the transactions of
the Interior Department and give Florida credit for the pro-
ceeds of the sales of land, which was afterwards explained by
the Interior Department saying that it had not furnished the
Auditor of the War Department with the necessary data from
its ,.,l' .. to make up the correct statement-I applied to the,
.' .i( II .'-i of the Treasury Department to reopen and re-
stat-e ': account, which he ..r,:.mptil ,hi, which resulted in our
securing the additional -.1.:.348.00, thus enabling the State
Treasurer to reconcile t'h- account by items and p rt.. ..tiig

Making a total of ........................ $692,946 00
Casl, received, after paying the '":.,....... 132,000 00'
J.d the interest thereon .................. 264,212 66,
( r en bon
ti Making a total of .... ............. .. $1,089,158 66

The $1 ,.'' ', i.i Fl.ri.:, 7...r cent. bonds, issued under date'
fi,. 27th day of 'i.-'. l. '-. ,,,' were duly can-
celed in this -.',ti.-Lit and transmitted to me, which have
been carefully listed, found correct, and are now in the hands
of the Tr,.'tni ; and I recommend that they be destroyed
under legislative direction-tns., ,iu. -u, di ng a transaction
that has -.:t,-ornd, .1 er half a century of tiife, to the credit of
our Senators and Representatives in Congress and their prede-
cessors, and, I trust, to the sati.facti:,n of the people.


As stated in my former message, this fund consists of the
annual tax levy authorized by the Legislature,-the licenses
collected for the State, the receipts from insurance companies
and other items enumerated in the State Treasurer's report.

S 'lh.- --p.-riitunr in this fund cover all the general .:...n.:
of Ih.. I t.-1t,:. (;,: n t, including the expenses, the appro-
priations made by the Legislature for the assessment and col-
lection of revenue, the interest on the State debt, the mainten-
ance of the several State c .1 -. and seminaries, the
for the Insane, the Institute for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb, for
jurors, salaries of all State officers and clerks, and all other
appropriations of the 1. -1 Iii.. when no other fund is spec-
ially mentioned. The tax levy for the general revenue fund
for 1902 was 23 mills on the dollar, and it is to be hoped that
the authorities will be able to i. a:c- this rate in the. future,
since the annual payments of interest on the State d- .t has,
been i ..1 ,].' ,1.
It is reasonable to s,[.T..-'.- that the receipts for general rev-
enue purposes from other sources will be increased in the fu-
ture, as it has been during the past two years, and that a more
equitable plan may be provided 1., the present Legislature for
the assessment and collection of revenue and the taxation of"
many items of property that now escape taxation.
I am mindful that the demands of the State ini-ttit,.itr.:,.,
are great; that the spirit of further improvement of our public
buildings is urgent; that the natural increase of expendi- <''
t i.... required in all the departifnts of State, owing to the
rapid growth and development of our Commonwealth, deserve
serious consideration at your hands, all of
which suggest the most rigid (o nom in
every branch of legislation and in .- l -,.:-n-
diture of I,,11; f,,r..1, in the application and nli. iit of
the la'wx, in order that we may at the same time preserve our
excellent financial standing and avoid increasing thi. buir'len
of taxation. Yet, after a careful study of the resources of
our St.,t-, I am thoroughly convinced thatswe are amply able
to pay off the entire bonded debt, and still retain our present
financial standing, without any increase i nthe millage or rate,
of taxation.


In transmit ting the report of Messrs. John P. Det wih-r. of
Volusia county; C. R. Walker, of Orange county, and John
.G. r,.ig., of Franklin county, Cnmmis.ionprs of Fi,,:i:rtes, I
be to call your attention to the fa,:t that lln: L.i--:,tur,. has
not made any appropriation for the expenses of these commis-
sioners, as provided for in section 457, of the Revised Stat-
utes; ::-...,., t :Li, : h I-u been done has been accomplished
th r:u 1,i the generosity of the commissioners at their own ex-
p-u-,.:. The ..,,nn'i-iMer. r-_-p:rt that, since submitting their
previous report, they have received from the United States
Fi-l Commission 15,000,000 shad (fry), which have been dis-
tri!it-.-i in the various waters of the Stat,., as shown by the
i..port, in which is contained many vaililu F.'ug'r'stioni and


Under ,-.,1 l r 4894, Acts of !90!, ;-m :inl tax levy of
,one mill on the lo'llar was collected for pensions. There are
now on the i .i,-' .i roll near: ". .:'ik, 1,.-in':iir. and the
number is steadily increasing. *'You will observe that, under
('tli iur,: liberal act of the Legislature of 1901, the number of
pensioners has increased from 758 in 1901, to 1,843 in 1902,
:r.quiriig- r.:, the annual c::p-..itnre of about $176,928.00.
Ti..e-,,: no I ifr authorized will yield a il .- 1.-i ith i . 100,-
,000. You -;11 observe, therefore,, that this would f:ill
;'pri-..;.l[i,1 $7' .ii', short of the annual re-
.quirement, ,..1 it is fair to presume- that,
under the i.-.--it law, it will r. qur,,- a two mill
tax to meet the demand on this fund for each of the next two
years, ii addition to the $70,000 which will be required, as
,hiowu by the Comiptroller's estimate(in his report) to meet
the demands on this fund for the three-quarters ending Octo-
ber 1, 1903. I respectfully recommend that an appropriation of
"$70,000 be mad0: available to meet the demands on this f'nl,
in order that the small amount ti.,t will be on hand for these

three-quarters will nr:t I., required to be prorated as now. pro-
vided bylaw, ..-twin the deserving pjaTrii:d now on the roll.
It is our Roll of Honor and must be so maintained. The
Confederate i.,,ldi>:-r fought to maintain a great principle of
free o.:,ntituni.i:n.ul government, as he' it. He felt
that he was right, .nd i.r.:rov-, his faith by his deeds. In ans-
wer to : cill. t Aiis Stda. hel put aside self and all his inter-
ests : hC .:., i. hi:',:., family and all he held dear, save honor,
to :,n .:r 1 ..,' !I .i; His 1,i.- and jir .,..;'- .and all the best
j3,:ir;" of his nr.a.'nld he freely offered on the altar of dot3,
and, when the :r ._- 1. -was ended, he quietly returned to his
ruined home and to poverty, l.[ur -:ith, his honor untarnished
and hi;s 'ur.g un1..ro1:.: n. By his ft, patriotism, his devo-
tion to duty, his conservative and L-uncompl-airin- acceptance
o-. .nii.-l-. he v,,n the c':riiiku.-, of those who had opposed
him, and, by his industry, energy and resourcefulness, he has
contributed in a marked-degree to the r':ollitati:on of Flor-
ida, and to il. pr':.- t prosperous condition. He has been a
powerful factor in 'i rtinu. the State from poverty and debt and
placing it on the 1-;-.hv.,:1 of ]pi':'perity. Now, after all these
years -:,f hirdhip, privation, io0 and disai.,pfiihjtint, broken,
'and enfeebled by age, xvoiun:h- anid -:rp.-our.,, the deserving old
Confederate soldier comes and asks the generous commonP
wealth, (he helped to build up and served so faithfully both in
war and in peace,) to make his few remaining years a little
less hard and rigid; and the State should listento his plea
and answer as g- nerou ily and as promptly as did the vigorous
man when she called' him to offer'up his all for her. Jus-
tice and honor both demand that the State should be as liberal
to these veterans as her means will permit. The pension law
needs some animndient in be,:half of the widows of Confederate
so,.ldi.r. who di,'d in battle or of dii --e or injuries; received in
battle, or as the result of service in the army, and I especially
invite your attention to the report of Attorney-General Lamar
on this .ui1.ject. I further recommend that the law be
amended to permit soldiers of the Indian and,Mexican
wars to draw pensions from the State. Your attention is
i A ; *

also respectfully invited to the report of special examiners
on the status of pension claims on file in 1the executive
office, showing the number of applicantu- to. be 264.
The causes of rejec-tion i:.f these applications may be cldasi-
fied as follows:
(1) One hundred and filht .pil:.,ti,,n) ,f widows whose
husbands died prior to the enactment of the present pension
law, which provides that widows of I,.ii>',nei:rs whose names are
ion the roll, or who may be tiiiiill.-d to apply under said law,
shall have the benefits of said act. Therefore, if the law is
.amended authorizing the Board of Pension Examiners to
grant the applications of these 108 appli.:auti, at the rate of
$91. p' r annum, it will amount to $10,368.00.
(2) .There 1i.i. ]pr.:.: i .r-,], 156 .,ipplij of per-
sons under the a-..- o0 1.". n '-.r p r',~-,.ip r-.j,:.:t,--i because
the injuries complained of were not proven to have been in-
flicted or caused v.hil. in .the -.r"i.;. Shuil1d the la'w be
amended authorizing the '.:'-iii to: j'pr:'. such applications,
at $96 a year, this will .irilnt t.: $14.9'.. -1.l.

The f...1lwins table sho ,.:-ir r-nr-i.:.n system established
in eleven of the Southern St:t$-i; nnwd.i; amount of pension
paid; number of pensioners; psr.snit annual appropriations,
and total appropriation to in.-lude 1900.



A ......... 1879
1 -: L: .- ....... 1891
1F l: i.. .......... 1e .-t
C .' .:l i l . . .. ... I
L.:ui- a .. .. .. 1898
Mississippi .. 1888
North Carolina.... 1885
South Carolina.... 1888
Tennessee ........ 1883
Texas. ............ 1899
Virginia ........ .. 1888
LTotals ..............

$ 278,099


-I .."14


.$ 15 6') to $37,20
25.00 to 100.00
25.CO to 100.00
5.00 to 150.00
30.00to 54.00
32:E0 to 100.00
30.00 to 12i, i n
19.65 to 96.00
"100 1., 1 .) 1,O '
96.00 to ....
15.00 to 100.00


By act .of Congress, approved March 2, 1887, the United
Statis appropriate annually to the State $15,000.00, which is
usfed at tlho E:xp"rimi.nt Station at Lake City, for the purposes
defined in the act cited.


Section 6, article 12, of the Constitution, provides, that "a
-special tax of 1 mill on the dollar of all taxable property in
the State, in addition to the other means provided, shall be
levied and al.pporti:onrj.: annually for the support and mainten-
ance of public free schools."

The rc,:.ipt~ in this fund for the year 1902, col-
lected from the 1 mill tax were ............. $93,028 92
From sale and redemption of tax certificat-ts. ... 7,058 32
Balance on .,n.l ........................... 9,085 45

Making total of ................. .......$109,172 69

which was distributed to the sevirrEtountis.. of the State as
provided by section 6, article 12, of the Constitution, as1


By an Act of Congress, approved Aiuurst 30, 18'90, the
United States annually appropriates a sum of money which
now aggregates $25,000 per annum to this State "in aid of
land grant colleges of agriculture and mechanic arts." The
approprition is equally divided between the AgrioultIural Col-
lege for white students, at Lake City, and the.Normal and In-
dustrial College for colored students, at Tallahassee, to be
applied only to "instruction in agriculture, the mechanic'arts,
the English language, and the various branches of mathemat-

ical, physical, natural and economic science, with special ref-
erence to their applications in the industries of life, and to-
facilities for such Iuitri iti."


The principal of the St.ii~ school fund., as shown by the-
Treasurer's report of December 31, 1902, consists of $831,-
P1iI0.00, invested in bonds of tlh- -vi.d r St tf,s and :.:,)0.i.6"?,
uninvested at that time. This fund is derived from the sale-
of the lands granted by the United St:ii.:s to the State for the-
sull.rt, of public ci:ol-:, by the act of Congress approved:
March 3, 1845. T!. r.-i:'it of the Comm;uii n-:r of Agricul-
ture shows that there were on the 1 --t of January, 1903, 218,-
461.71 a._ r', nf school lands u.:,l.l. The uninvested portion
of the fund, as well as the Ipro .1:- from the sale of tLe'sehlol
lands, is n:.. --.:] the. B.ard of Edui.ati.n as
rapidly as tin, b.,ln, r.:],ur.-d 1, h ...:ti-n :',, of the Revised
Statutes,. can be purchased at reasonable. rates.


'fhe interest on the blnl .1s of the Stat: s:ho:ol fund is re-
quir,-d Iy section 7, article 12, of the Constitution of Florida,
' as arn,,nde] in 1S':,4. to t1.. distributed "for the support apnd
S uinnt. na i:e of public free schools,. among the li-vreral counties
of the in pri:[.uortion t) the av-'rage attendance upon the
schools in said counties, respectively."


By the act of (' approved July 2, S62, thle United
Stat ; griinitd certain lands to the State of Florida to be sold
and the proceeds invested in United States or State securities
to constitute a .perpetual fund, the capital of which shall re-
main forever undiminished, and the interest of which shall be
inviolably appropriated to the endowment, support and main--

tenance of at least one college where the leading object shall be"
--without excluding other :,: ntifi. and classical studies, and
including military tactics-to teach such branches of learning:
as are related to agricultural and mechanic arts. The pro--
ceeds from the sale of this land were invested in State bonds,
and this constitutes the principal of the Agricultural Fund,
which is shown by the Treasurer's report to be $1_S,:. ., ..
The annual interest on this amount is about ;'. 1 V
This, with the appropriation made by the Legislature, has
made the annual receipts in the Agricultural College Fund
for current expenses.
Some of the Florida State bonds held by this fund matured
January '1, 1901, and were redeemed by manuscript 3 per
cent. bond, under chapter 4947, Acts 1901. Thus, it will ap--
pear, that the interest having been rc .i ,-. to one-half, it thus
reduces the resources of the Agricultural College Fund, and,
in order to remove any qu-dfiun that might arise under the
act of Congress granting this endowment and support to the
State College at the rate of interest as s ,c,-'fiSl d in said Act,
which cannot now be complied with by the State Board of Ed-
ucation for the reason that t ie ,uritie s required by law can-
not be procured at ftle rate of in r,.st namrn-d by the act of Con-
gress, and the difference between the present rate of 3 per ent.
and the rate as stated (being 5 per cent.) in said act of Con-
gre,'. -,Tr.::.o nmmend that a.-pefc fi approrriation be made to
cover the -ifference on this account. I


By an act of Congress, approved March 3, 1845, the United
States granted to the State of Florida two entire townuhips of
land for the use of two seminaries of. learning; one to be lo-
cated east and the other west of the Suwannee river. From the
proceeds of sales of lands there are now in the principal of the
Seminary Fund $98,600.00, invested in Florida State bonds,
and $912.76 uninvested. From this the fund has derived an
annual interest of $5,601.00, which amount has been equally

divided between the West Florida Seminary, at Tallahassee,
:and the Semrinary East of the Suwannee river, located at
The legislature has made appropriations to each of these
seminaries to provide suitable buildings and to meet current
.expenses. The renewal of the matured Florida bonds in this
,'und drawing iix ad seven per cent. interest by three per cent.
bonds has reduced the r:sour.>s of said Seminary Funds, and,
thus, it is apparent that you should take notice of this reduc-
tion and' interest and make a suitable appropriation for the
necessities and expenditures of these seminaries of learning.
It will be observed from the reports of the Tru.tie.S of these
institution-s, and the report of the State Superintendent, that
*much pr.'r,:. and great improvement in the properties of
these institutions have been made, as well as a great increase
in the number of students and faculty. The progress apt
.growth of these institutions that are pushing f.i:.r, ,A to such
excellent results must be .r ,if If, to the ."' :'L of the
Stat.-, especiallY to the patrol. of these institutions. They
have become entitled to ligral'appropriatiion for their main-
Th1? bIoIw will give a comparative statement of their
expenses, attendance, growth and the necessities of these insti-
tutions: p


Cormp2raHi'e Statement of Exp&.'n'turs and Attendance.

Year 18S5.
Expenditures .................... .......... $4,158 29
Attendance ................................. gg

Year 1902.
Expenditures ........................... $.430 00
Attendance ................................ 190


Comparative Statement of Expenditures and Attendance.

Year 1895.
E::.-r, l; ,i O ,r .. .. .. .. .... ... .$7,400.00
Attendance .......... .......... 104
Teachers .................... 6

Outstanding indebtedness-
Balance on main building, being the balance
due at the time of completion of same, 9th
day of June, 1891 ......................
Incurred in 1902-
Balance on two dormitories....... $2,591 10
Balance on heating plant......... 4,217 '91
Balance on furniture for dormi-
tories .................... 3,236 44-

Year 1902.'

$3,366 66

10,045 45

Total ................................ ,$13,412 11

I recommend an ap r'.riationr for the Florida State Col-
lege sufficient to enable the trustees to employ three addi-
tional instructors; to build pne dormitory, and a suitable as-
sembly hall, and to pay the indebtedness.


Thi L,. .ilatur.: of 1901 enacted a law aihorizing the
Supreme Court to select and call to its assistance three persons
learned in th, law to render to the court such assistance in
the discharge of its duties, and to perform such services in
connection therewith, as might be assigned to it by the judges
from time to time. The court selected and called to its as-
sistance three persons, as designated, whobegan the perform-
ance of such service as commissioners of the Supreme Court
on the first day of September, 1901, and continued so to do.
with success, until the qualification of additional justices of
the Supreme Court, as provided for in said act, n i'..r the pro-
visions of the constitutional amendment proposed by the Legis-
lature of 1901, and ratified at the general election held No-
vember 4, 1902.

SSince the reorganization of the Supreme Court, which oc-
curred DP..-. l:b r 1, 1902, under said constitutional provision,
the court has been divided into two divisions, and is rapidly
rl vi-vn,- the congested condition of the docket that has given
to the people of Florida so much concern. It will be observed,
under this constitutional provision, that the Governor, by and.
with the consent of the Senate, shall appoint three justices of
the Supreme Court, who shall hold office until the first Tues-
day i fT. r the first Monday in June, 1905, and may further
hold office until their sui.:,:.s:r- sh-'-,l be elected and qualified,
i f it shall be so provided by law. It was clearly the intention of
'the framers of'the Constitution of 1885 to make the office of
justices of the Supreme Court elective. The present provision
provides that "the first election of said justices shall take place
at the first election for members of the Legislature, after the
ratification of this Constitution," etc., which, in my judgment,
contemplates an election of three ju n tes of the Supreme
Court at the general election to be held in 1904; therefore, I
recommend that a law be enacted on this sul.jr.:.t to carry into
effect this constitutional provision,%and thus enable the court
:to discharge its duties under thA Constitution and laws 6f this
State -


The reports of the Secretary of State, Comptroller, Treas-
urer, Attorney-General, Superintendent of Public Instrue-
in..n and Commissioner of Agriculture, transmitted her;.:with,
are filled with statistical data and information that is worthy
,of your careful investigation and study, and your attention is
re-epertfully invited tcPthem.


Your attention is also respectfully invited to the reports of
the Ljt,- ,Ri. erI. and appointees transmitted herewith-con-
sisting of the report of the Railroad Commissioners, the State

Health Officer, the State Board of Health, the State C'i.i,
the Adjutant-General, the- Superintendent of the Hospital for
-the Insane, Commissioners on Uniformity of Laws, the Com-
mission of Fi-heri,'_. andl Capitol Improvement Commission.

One of the most important positions is that of State Audi-
tor. Under the provisions of the act of the Legislature of
1901, providing for the ir.iv.ling ex:p.-i of the State Agent,
he was enabled to carry on his work to much better advantage,
and thus to accomplish better results for the
State. It must '..e ap'..:-ut, however, that the duties of this
position are so important, requiring peculiar ability and special
qualifications, that, in order to maintain this work, it is neces-
sary to increase thle '.:,r, of the agent, and to provide him
with clerical assistance. An e:iiiiati.-.n into the duties of
this office, and the many demands made upon his time from the
various counties of the State, including the present duties
relative to the tax sale ( now in the hands of the vari-
ous ('1-rl:s of-the Circuit Courts of the St:,tit:. shows that it
would require three i:'iip't.iiti.n,: with clerical assistance to
render the service necessary. Tierefore, I recommend that
the State Agent be pir. vi..l with an assistant, with the same
duties .and powers, and with a secretary, in order that this im-
portant work may be performed in a business like manner and
to the best interests of the S-tat,-e.


The Commissioner of A gri:i-ltu r, is given the supervision
'of State prisoners by the Constitution.. As will appear by the
commissioner's report, there are more than*a thou-sand State
prisoners located in the various counties, and the ..*,. ri..ii,
,of the past justifies me in requesting your special attention to
-the iiiiiort .nt position of S.Il.,-i.:r of Convicts. The pres-
ent :.:,nr.ntin .:.f the Supervisor of State Convicts, which
includes his traveling 1.:-..n es, is inl..'-ql :. He is required.

to k ,i p i r:-crd., nii k., re.p ts. corr ..- 1 1 ith sui,-lt-ss,-s.
LI hip.iinr, pil vF.i].%- r_. JiDr:. other in l : .I -'i "i thl care? aOnm
iiimtutitan..- o th>- pris on'-rs --r,.r'tl m to the l Gorernror and
( n-rim ;m i..n.:mrm r of A- riculture. T,:.- ,r.:,it.'r part of his tune
i in': ..onsum'dii l in traveling and ,,lin e Mfrm his itti.: :
Thi r,;.:.r.-, I rf...mi ,.ni that his. tra. elinz ex:penri :, paid I.y
lthe ,'-ate frirru th,- prc'ies.1: of tl.- hire of State prisoners,
upon iouc:-hi:s .ppro've:d tihe C.'i.' issin':.r of Agriuilture.


I Imi in it my duty to invite your special attention to the i ; ,i and .luti.s f Stat: oif,.ials. Ii umay b,. ob-'erved from
lii, rn.j-vt-. thi S-i .rtar it ('c mptroll-r. Tr asure.r,
Att,.iiiut_ -1.--u,' tI.. Sup:,ri-n t'iitenmi.nt of I' Inistr tion and
_',im!iii j i-liit r .,f .A i..uhiir,. .tri-i ijimtt,.-] l-r v irli, that the
iii.iilitl l dtith= i :r; up:.on frh-in ir 11-t Coi(n titurtion .L ia d .i W
of th: Stat Iir e l i,: i, lruplrm .ld in th i.-:t 1. .- .: tliu.- mi-
pm- ngr Mrm.-palr r,'ri.:iO l!t, anid li!lr ti :'r'.r.,-riy perf'-irrni tl
duties and functions of their re."-'p-;r, oi -Ms A miT-i fl
stu h , u p-.m ris iil i ,:'. tl -e n -, in I h.r uti:s
,_.I, id hIv thi woiini .-rfi,. l nio :rna ,' i1 1, pmf La .ti:,n. 'e..alth,
r',., l-,. ,i .., ,-! t., il ji '-. .. i :- ti e d-iuring h: pait
di .i n,]. 'ii- tn-:mm i'!i liri ':' ,- *n '1]i, i' :%,- 1 of .-e i:f-r ac.ntev !-
i"n ,. -I,', hl l-,- *. i i r, .. i, mn:,m. t I .ii-- 2 ,
r. -I-..::- i l T -, u : r S -. .t f ,:r 'r p,.:, -r i
,.-trm -i 1,1. i r n r tf it rlir. i -r, i ith
. .'r: ,. if ii i-.,-.,[h! i\-r :11--o r,, :.r l" .'i im ,-.,- j,- i .. nl.:. t
1' n r1. mmJ. . ir 1 i r its rm- -r i.1 ) n [ ^Z iii
)"lr *I ,i ,i ,i l.t'. mm : f" t', 8. l l[_t a -,J -. t.- .. rr nt
Lf ra U .A mi mm I i m 1t. I. L 0.
f'rn .. ,:,n . I ,: ,ir' .m o i. S- 1 ...., f. I., i i, o, m1 m .
sio .W '. Pr.,m i a i : a - t -,., ,, f. :-r, ,, -

.r: m r.t r -,-ii. : ', -... . :_he' -r- c, .it f. r '.t. f:1 jo

should be provided with an assistant librarian to take charge-
of and (dal..:.i-.- the 3.h' (estimated) volumes of books in?
his custody, to which it is iint,:.i:ll: for him to give proper
attention. The assistant lib -should also be made di-
rector of .,,... -, .,tl duties prescribed by law. He should-
be provided wit': .II ai-itanit custodian of the State Holse
and grounds in or.l. r that thi- important work may be cnmtin-
uously under thl, inih. di. te supt-rv siion and .*i,L, tfi:r, of a
competent person. The e;largmnt of the capitol building
and the increased, number of *..: pmts make it necessary to-
increase the janitor service.
The dutii.s dvolvinr upon the other State officials have also
increased, as will a pp-ear by their reports, all of which are en-
titled to your careful consideration. In addition to their many
duti,-, the C''-ntittiOln aul laws have created Boards com-
posed of members of the cabinet, and a glance at the following
list of Boards' membership will give a faint idea of the addi-
tional duties imposed upon State officials:
(1) Board of Commissioners of State Institutions-Gov-
ernor, Secretary of State, Comptroller, Treasurer, Attorney-
Genseral, Superintendent ., Public Instruction, Commissioner
of Agriculture.
(2) State Board of Edi.,to n-Goern'i r, Secretaly of
State, Tr;isuiur, Attorr,'-G,-n; and Superintendent of
Public In-truction.
(3) Par.oniig Board-Governor, Sr-cr.tIarof State, At-
torney-GC-n:ral, Comptroller, and Commissioner of Agricul-
(4) P'n ;nui Board-Governor, Comptroller and Attorney-
(5) State Fin ane Board-Governor, Comptroller and
(6) Tfoir m. School-Governor, Attorney-General and Com-
missioner of Agriculture.
(7) Tr.,,.4 Internal Improvement Fnd--G,.i l-nor,
C.ii l.-.'l. r, Attorney-General, Treasurer and Commissioner
of Agriculture.

(8) Capitol Improvement C.)m isian-Governor, Comp-
troller and three appointees.
(9) Board R.. R. Tr-asur.r and

The Iau,.rd ..] i '..uni:i':r.ner of Stat: Instituti(ons is char'-
ed ir"' ili -ii .. of all -,' iit, institaric'r;. including the
Hospital 1. i. ii-ni-,:. -.vithi '.10 p0 n nt, Si0 em-
ployees i.1 T i- r I. I it.- ,_. ..., r. p : lr h .-:i 1 h.i:,- .:.,- and ir. pi, i-,rii -l t iall bl lls, ,:ti.. amnnuntirL. t:.'-
,': .. ,. 1 -i ,'r l '" I,. -up rl. ia'i,'.,u l .t thi St t"- [,ri-of-1i r-.
hiiiiu r +. = 'i- u;V.,v;r.i .:,1 -' '', a d their ar l and Dimai 't.u:- ',
t,.. J! r .. i- u a l-il... i tiit re:-i-ipt. tfr'm th,-ir hLir during
the four i iii ,n r., I .,I . '.tuI.i.
The 'ot.t EB.n of i.- ii A i .harg.-d with-, t1h,- super-
v :...i .,i ., iti:,., matters -... ra''ly. It is an appellate
tril.uni.l from .iI! .1'.:-i.:',- of .. r,; S,.:-.1 Boards. It has
(ci.I .t i!, i... -.ut of ithi school f urn. thle k:'i 'if school
and .- i,-'v lands, the .-r,:l...;.unt of instructors
for the t ,.: Normal ,. ', ,-,i at DeFuniak
Springs, ti,. Colored Normal at T.! il~ -e,-. In-
stitution for the I* i. nS. and i md at ->. An-
g'ytine, :1... S.,,il Fi.,.rid. :ii:l ur' 1:,-; :r .. i ,.t Eark,:', and
St. P. .1 .1 r-' '.rnr:i and Industrial Y t, ..' (h ,,-p.;:,arm:-
of 4t1,.:. '.. ,.r r :i .'. 1 .. ,, t- I ,;- L. I- f,!,r the m ainten-
ance and i._r.., -it n--it of ht..:e institutions, payment of in-
r ... -i ..-.. i : aImounts to .1e' i- 1.111' i r year in de-
The.P... Ei-i_ i.r ar.] ,:,.1 considered i" ': ....:,;.,ts
for *...r...r ,-.;n -,i th.- year :', '.-. -. m means i t ..,I,.f l
.'id. of voluminous frOn7rTi-s of records, .\ .i-. ,. ,.,u,
briefs, and oral z,', ., r. I. r,--'-ir i. much :
Th- r'::.. ..i., ,. considered i..: : thl. past 'i,...
J ..." .,.i..--.ns. which will : some idea of -, .l a .,
*' ,,. upon its tiim.-. The iii F -..: -

'*--. to 1.- .. 1 in various jl.-. up r, -, D'. ,,,". .; '
'I ***' :' '' over : :'. ., i

iSchool Board has few lit...*. The law creating it also
provides for a Board of Trustees, which has charge of its im-
mediate management. The Trustees of the Internal Improve-
Funu] are charged with duties cast upon them by the acts
of the Legislatrir of 18..5. granting to ,f1hm 111 : f the lands
granted to this State I.y the United .States, a -warmp and over-
flowed lands, which (arry with them the duties of drainage and
reclamation, of lands and the paymeLit of certainn bonds
of the bonded countieZ, etc., which anunt.d to up-w.arc1 of
$50,001).0) l3-t y(ar. Thir salic of land duining t1he past
two years amiout to more than a quarter of a million dollars,
which fund, th.y -ire ciitodians of, an:l are r.:spouil.le for
their safe :: :i''" and man-.igenEnt. The Bo:aidl of R. ilroad
Assessors i, chartEd %iith the duti.-s of a.--e-i al oil thel rail-
road and tel,-.raph properti,:s in this Stat.e. Thij ro:juiros
,ui.t-h attention.
The 'Capitol Improvement 0Corin!i,.-,lon was of course crea-
ted for a special and temporary work :.und the duties of this
commission and the ,].rniia.i made upon its members during
the progress of the e:t.;n-:.. and iiipr:vrn.:-t of the capitol
were many.
Thus it will upper that -Stite ,i':ial to discharge properly
the duties and functions of his :l.:-e i' not only required to
give every possible moment of his time but 1hi best attention
and can not give any attention to private L]u, in,'.z matters.
IThis fact, coupled with the great r -po.n-ili ty of the du-
ties imposed in transactions of such for the sr.," 's
welfare, should appeal to those entrusted with the provision
for rpay'rioit of such services, and I *- .:q..,-k for these worthy
otflial suchl salaries and clerical assistance as will give the
people a right to expect a continuance of efficient and first
class service of the highest business integrity, sagacity and


ScLtion 1, Article 9, of the Contifutitutiu reads: "The


Leji:laturi shall pr:.vble for a uniform rate ,f taxation and
shall prescribe such rul-s and 'r. l:i.. ii as shall secure just
valuations of'all prop,,it, lflt real and p. rs.... l..:,rpt prop-
rtf, excepted." In 1871 the l-zi ii. r, cr. at-id a State
BoardotfE:ili t,1 t1h.-,ii-' tleihlre \-vilii of real es-
tate in the .bifT,:rut .:.,anti-. Tii- lIlar.i made its report to
the L.'-isl.tir. of I.'?. whl,:h r .-,it w.i- confirmed. Since
that tir-:i their' as a k-ten no pow--r or board of equalization
to ,l.ttr:-rnn L l vlut real estate in the different
c,.inriti-. w hi.'! ha, r,-uit,:-ld in the policy of
local J. i.r.:,;,tin if valuati.Dns. Tihe law em-
powers the b,.,airds of Couitv c:,uumris"ion>ers to
equalize valuations b1tw-e-n individual owners of prop-
i.:i,:l, V h .- tlr r,. i1 n.. .,u h. ,,iLi L i .r..-1 .1I with the duty or
power uf equ.lirig or di.:t rminiug the real valuations of real
estate .:tIv,: n the diffiernt counties. notwithstanding the-
Stat has a At.->d utilii,:i- or rate of tax:ition for State purpo-
ses. It -has 1.,: :s,:ertaine-i that. under our present system
of \.l.ti:niji, prij,,rty in si..',: of the counties is assessed at
90 l" ,, n .. it ..-i.-. ii li f i..5i counties it is assessed at
less than .0 p..r cemnt. of its (ahue. Hence the urgent neces-
ittr.*-f a rowir that carn oiqualize. and .l.-tinhii,: valuations to
:orifrm to the o:,n--tituti.i,alj] rhiquiri-,..nt, that the Legisla-
ture shall for a uniformia and equal rate of taxation,
s:cur- just rluati..r-,s etc. Therefore, I recommend that f
St-it,. Biard of E.-Iulization be cre.atied, consisting of the'
rn. l.,:r- ,f th, ,-.iri of Commissioners of St it.- In-titutions;
that thli\ sh Ii- d ,th,-d with all necessary powers and duties
to -)juali.- aiud it-rmiini v.aluations of real estate between;
the various (iiuntie .


Many of the Staics have enac-ted laws faxing franchises,
which is rnnii,1,.red'ary in order to comply with the
constitutional r,?lquirements for a uniform system of taxation..
Miih liti.ti,,n h.- ,rsr, ,-ut of th- effort to tNx franlhi-es or

irnt inil. 1. values.and prq.-"rti,.-. The courts of last r. -ort
have sustained some of these laws, however; ,iit...1,'-, the act-
to provil. f',:.r rh,- ,1 .i.-ri:n ,t and taxation of franchises aI. lIt-
ed by the T.,- :-:Ll nr.. ,-,f the State nf Missouri, approved March
9, 1901, whiirh p1r-!. ii :it il,.it ti-, franchises other than
the right to ,.. a c.'rp-r.iti.oii, in.irv railroads or railroad'
S1. l ... 1. .- ipl t,.'l-pl ,i,, ,,. nit, t. -r. .1.:.tri.: li>h t and
gas ,oii i,-" or .ill ,,thr aiii- .r c,.r ,r itiuri_ s -w n. o.-.
tr it 11T I i i i;a in ui lii.. utilitit,- ,-r :.ll Cii',1s [p tl:,il : t: l.or-
j -'ra.i ..lns ]. .:- i. L s 1 .i.l ..n: ..uli r privil..:. ] ai luthor--
ized Ib I.iv t'. perto:rm i nv u.,li.- s-r ii ill 1. :- I a .--.'d
for III.- i' Orp.-Z of t -.:.liio,. and at thr saine til-n. .[U.l --il,:
manner as other property o-f such corporation, ard th:-t there
shall be a levy on tili valuation of su>.ch fran,:.hi. th.
same rate of taxation as may L.,e L-vied on othiir property, re-
i rin: th_ auth'riti.-s author!,ri.zd to imak .0uch assessment to-
'ascertain, fix a. r,.l -t,'rn,ir, tih ti ,:al vailii- for t.:jl:.L. pur-
poses of the (ritir. pr, p rty of ;uihi :orI..,:ratin. r tangible and
intangible in the St:1,:, and then assess the tangible property,
and deduct the amount of su. h assessment from the total
valuation, and enter the Iru n,1, r upon th.- assessment list
under the head of "all other prop i,, ."
It is apparent that such a law is necessary in Fli.ia tl... -n-
able those charged with the assessment of property to. .**,upI
with the statutory r.-quir.:nit of as.*-~;ig rf. it, at its.
tiue cash value.
In a recent deejiion, the Supreme Court of Ohio (166 U. S.,
185) pja rin ti.. tax law, expressed itself in part as fol-
lows: "In t ih complex civilization of tod.r, a large portion
of the ,'Altl ..of a .,iiiirmunity consists in iritaugitbe- property,,
and there is nothing in the nature of thirs- or in th- limits of
the Febr.1l constitution which restricts a State from taxing
it.-If ri.ltiVt to thr- v.ilu,:- of suii initangiible prop-rty * *
S* * it matt rs not in whila this inrtanzrihle property -con-
ists,- whelth,:,r privilt.-v s, -.:rporate fr:in hisi-;s, or
o lligations: it izs cughl that it is property which has value,,-
.~ produces inLoicIie aiul palsi-sS current in tlr_. marl:ets of the


_ -

world. To ignore this intangible property or to hold that it is
not subject to taxation at its accepted value is to eliminate from
the reach of the taxing power a L'rge portion of the wealth of
the country. ** ** What a mockery of substantial justice
it would be for a corporation whose property is worth, to its
stockholders, for the purpose of income and sale, millions of
dollars It. be adjudged liable for taxation upon only one-
fourth of that amount." This, I consider, is sound doctrine
and is descriptive of a condition that exists in Florida which
Ssihul.l !'- remedied. Taxjtion lies at the very base of gov-
ernuii:nt .,1-, .h,,ulI L.'-ar ,-qually upo:,n every [it ,r,. N o one
.e:hueiil I.- .:-..ll.d upoLn to bear an unjust or unequal burden,
and nli -i. .ld i:xpe-ct 17e- than to .ear his share. It is not a
quti:.n 1-f t rn'-r:hip. L.ut a quO.'.ion .:f value that should
sh!r':- i t)e I. lAu1. -a of .-O-vernnernt.
If th:' :-'vnei ,'f iny .class ~f prup.- rty, used and enjoyed
n.i.r li,: inh-l ..- rarnte:-d tby the StAt,-. r,- permitted by law to
c(.l.-e t,: p 'eple- for the usie of t1a1t propertyy a rate sufficient
to i.rni'.. a r...-n:JAle income upon it; valuation, that valu-
oj'In :ught tii ..i the lIasis upon which the )ipr'.prrty is taxed.
Th-.r. f.:.r:. I r. ,,mmn-nd that a 1ai- sh-ull be enacted on this
? 1 .j... t.

The law fails to provide a system of rior] of title deeds
and paperc of lti:Us to Stat_ and educational irjnitutiio
l'th.r than in counties), or th .11.i.riition of any official or
person as i:o-t. -.-1n of su,uhi n- deeds or papers or in what
inan&mk or by whomu they shall be 1:,-.p. This lack of system
has led to much *:,ufu-iof relative to the original title papers
or St.t, i-.stil'tnr, an,] pr'eperti s, and caused me to employ
Mr. F. L. T..,. L...n to procure from the various officials and
jer.".- i.ii pp. .1 to have such title papers of State prop,-.rtih.*
and to examine them with the view of .,r-'.rinn^ an abstract
of title to the various properties whereon are situated public
buiiir..r n S.-tt. aind educational institutions; and I -.eleem
it prpr th.t I should transmit his report hi, 1 ith for your

.onid],.ationr. It will be 'hsb-srv.d that there are many m is
i.; lini.:_ t., the,: title-s ni-,ued in his report, and it is proper
tl:it I ].:,iti, state that, sei. al of them havy- een sup.lid,
thus ,.,rr,:tiog the irregulariltis since his report
was filed. Plats of the various sites whereon is situated State
pr.':pertiLs and institutions wilt be found in this message. I
reconImrend that the Cormmissioner of Agriculture be desig-
Dated as the official to ha.e the, custody of all deeds and title
papers of the sites of all Stat. properties and educational ie-
stitutions, and that such Commiisioner be provided with a
dlele book wherein all deeds shall be recorded.


2'" 175 /'74-

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i i71~/3 /-0

ST/? E-E T Fopr -


Seminary West of the Suwannee, now knovi as The Florida State College,
Tallahassee, Fla,
In N% of county quarter being the S. W. 4 of Sec. 36, T. T. N., R. i, W., Described as lots,
35 and 40, block 129, and lots 34 and 41, block 130, map of the City of Tallahassee, conveyed to
Board of Education for the Seminary West of(he Suwannee, by F. Epps, Intendent .of the City
of Tallahassee pril 74th r857. Also, lots 43 and 48, block 120, and lots 4V and 49, block 130, de-
scribed above as conveyed tosame Board by Geo. KI. Walker, July x2th 1858.
Lots 216 and 217, "iock 75, North Addition to Tallahiassee, Map of City of Tallahassee. The
same being in N. E. %, Sec. 36, T. i, N., R z. W., conveyed by Ml. A. Long for Trustees Leon
Female Academy to Board Education July 27, x858.

CALL 1 g 5 r e FT
220 .215P
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,1.3 ('A/iTHY _S7-/ij4Lz /20 FT.,ScA'Tr 7 Q'-.

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TS ~ fl OF- F o~17fF 7

EAST FLORIDA SEMINARY#, Located at Gainesville, Florida,
North half of block 4 and all of block 5, town plat Gainesville, Fla., being in the southeast quarter of
the northeast quarter of section 5, township 10, range 20, south and east. North half block 4, 165 ft. 6 in.
n. and s. and 197 ft. e. and w., .734 acres. Block 5, 325 ft. n. and s., 197 ft. e. and w., 1.446 acres.


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Town of Bartow, Polk County,
183 acres in the northwest corner of the'north-
west quarter of the southwest quarter of section ^
8, townshipp 20, south of I.i',- 25 east. I|

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I 5

Located in section 32, township 3 south, range 17 east, and section 5, township 4 south, range 17 east.

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Lands o[ the Florida Hospital for the Insane,
'Reervati.,n .r t,.,a l 1,., Sat .-.f Fl.-,rla for ,.-,aiatri.,nal lwri,'s. lv Ant of C(':nu rewe. A.!,'r -l De. 15. 1S '1.
S-ee Publi. Land, 1i,,-t p .e 396. (1, .. Si ,u. : .
ct .i:.. :84 anid .5 A iI .,a t ill : n irtl.?..r qjiarc ter in,1 -ea: t iil .t i,-nthe t .lii tirt-r ..,f sO.:th.i .' I, t -ni
served for the, i- u .* :ii n arsenal 1., .:.r.. r ..t th. l'n l nt : th, U nit.-1 *t t, .,l N. .. ., 1- -. il 'n i 1 I '. 3
Fract...inal ri.,-ti.i 29, g 9o 7 ._21% .: a l *_* w W, r .-. l.- r. ',-., r.o- r n 1 l ,- th i r 1- I-ari .nt, i ,:i r thll- i, o f IhI -
ar-;enal. Se papers fi l-:.1 w 'hi ti.- .r-t.,- r, .. il fr:,isur l-it :r t 'o niii r. N .. 1.-.:.:, l it,.r tr. it. -t-r Lan1.I
Tallahasee.-, N,..v. 8, 1_ .n.:..
Total iumbai t of acres, 3,219. 0O l,..rd ri.-i, l.1..ui: it.. it t .

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In my mnu.- rz,- to the Legislatur,? at its session of 1901, at-
t-aniein was called ,ro the condition of the title to the land,
buili ;-s and appurtenances whereon is situate the Florida
lH{Ispital for the Insane, near Chattahi,:.i:hee, in Gadsden
:."mt7, formerly known as the "('ittalo.:<:hee Ar-
senal," in which it was made to appear that there
r,._hl might be some qle-ti,:in arising relative to the
re-ln-rity of the titl-it app-l:ering to be vested
ir Ih.- trustees of -'In Internal Improvem-ient Fund in-
-ta.] of in the State cf Florida, which matter has beenu called
to the attention of the trustees of the Internal Improvement
Fund, and, at my rtiqust. de-d has beEin ,Ixec:uted conveying
1.664.75-16,1 acr,:-s ot land lv the trut.--*s: of the Int-.rnal Im-
ir~~. ri F n,.l to:I the State of Florida for a nominal r-onsid-
frai e r j. ..'. .. !.li i',, n,.1 ly gin.-i. . .. esti,,j Ls to the- titl,.
It wvl Ibe obe-'lrved (rom the i.iuperintendent's report (which
is Ir.,an,-itt.- h.revwith that thi:- xiinu l, r ,-f .,tif ntz in the
SFori.:l.i State Hospital hasncrea;,d from 7SO on January 1,
.lii. to '-. on .JTinu,.,r,' 1. *0'?: thl't there have been no,]nt- or casualties -o patients darin the two yearpnrd-
ing I':eminter 31, 1902; that there has .:en considerable Un-
provement in .:uilings and in .equipping the institution with
modern bathftuls and toilets. heating apprraraus, etc.; that
At.. i:- has been an incrase- in the price of provisions, clothing
andi :vr t-thing necessary for the proper equipmentt and main-
ian..e of the institution, all of which should be considered by
ou'r honorable body in determining the necessities' of the
institution for the next two years. A committee was appoint-
ed under the joint resolution passed during the Legislature of
1901, cri-nisting of Senator F. W. Sams, Dr. J. Y. Porter and
Ha-n. W. A. Fulton, who will doubtlEss furnish you with ua re-
prt. '. hi:h is referred -o for a more minute statement r..n-
m.rniing the interests of the institution and its management.
The r.e-.o'nmm- nations of the superintendent are worthy,, of
c r'.ft'ul consideration .

.A r

I also respectfully in', it your attention to the report of Hon.
B. J. Drane, as special insurance agent. rE.comniending that
a good system of water supply and fire protection be immedi-
ately installed at thie State Hospital for the Insane, which at
present has practiKally nothing of this nature in connection
,therewith. He that's thit this should include a sutf:ici,:-nt wa-
teir supply for Cire purpose: and 0r,:-.ated tank of sufficient c.--
pacity. raiiri ., anrd ih-,, in.:-luling a sy-tem of fire
escapes., wh:,-h i- ,conq:urred in by the suip,-rirtend..,nt. By the
statut,- of Florida. tho Lotels are .omirp.lld to supply fire es-
,;apr, f.r giu.i. and Mr. Drarine asks: "Why fvonr that cl "s
who are able to '.Lre for thenseh-le ovL r the afllictud in mind
,ini: I.l.v v:, .tar unot ali- to ar' for thlermse lv:s?" I shall
:i.-,-. to content myself with li.a7iir.:r this ,-lsti.n for you to
ai,'wr, with Ith x .conu.-aiiin that .~.ui:.h a provision be
TrI1 ,1 :'. .
INS i'fl\x-E.

'The itLuran.. on Stat- pr.:.p rti.:s ha.i ,ri f-..i.i unsatis-
factoir and without s-,t.., N.". ot:-.r :r person has been
ch-~g:.1d by law wilh any sp.<. i"l duties relatlirv to insuranc.t
mati. r- : i........itl,' th,.. insurance on State properly has
'been irr,-Inilar. Many 1.uiTdiuis and much prol.: itv not cov-
e-rd by anlinsurance, .h, otih.r proerii.:s were relatively
-. _r-i- ,'1. iiMany of t L: p.ii,.;, containing; i"thi .-iLirt-r
v.ilu;,:.u :]hu.-:." contrary to law and not required on St.i,:
property; many of them not conrfai;iin., the "'oncurrrn, ii-
;surance clause" nor the lightningg clauses" nor "electric light
launs',." etc., etc. And, in order to determine th1i sl.,tus of the
iinsuranee on Staie properties, both as (o form annd substance
*or' -poli. -. .iluatioh and rate of prenmim ,-lih.ri-vd. tnlit
th1,. Stnt,. i s entitled to, I, in 1901. einpl,,1,,1 Hon. IH. J.
r'rn,:. -p.i:il agent on ir- ii-n, n, :llti ',,r i- StaleI r,'-
,questing him to examine all the policies. J.]terrnine the valua-
tions of all State property sulje,:.t to insurance, fix its insur-
arcl2 valuation. pr.pare- formi.s f the v.irioul conilrrns, .'oriret-
ing err',,r in, h ,r-,.eie ,,h.i where ,, ,i'-.. : and all tlher

I rat.- ir: in connection tlriv'.-ithi and deem it proper that r
,l'-.1 transmit his irp.:frt fo,:r your e:.-::iiInuit;in and coashid-
Scritlon. It will be observed tl-,ht there are v-r,- few of the-
many policies that have been f.:;n 1 regular by Mr. Drane, and-
your attention- is especially invited to his criticism of each,
policy, :lioi. ir. i ithiiit:1 the irrewilnrity thereof. It is deem-
ed-i in:portari rj tht inmi'ir: n.- on State properti-Q should cover
| every iter of St.t- lpi:l,:rt.- a. ll ul.Ii.: b Iuil.l .1t s, furrniur-,
fixtu:-r, li..r.,'i.... ijplri'-..t ,iril :pr.niatu.- of every kind
and *.J:-i 1,rin .; :ri.: wilh tlii iii vi-e, 1 I.n caused Mr.
Di.iirn: lo) prelpar'i a i,;.:l-dule erii.rao'inDg ever. item of State
I,| ..1.i. ,. 17 l.. ,, r, )-- .'i; .. i. h a, .. ,-.*: -s ,r t blanket
S. .blanket
form to be to Lca.I' and evwry policy-no inatter by
whom i :i,' 1 .r f.:,i wviar m.o.iiuit---ehlimilir- .till .rr-.:.ular
f. tur:.-, and thus .--tailishlin ,a un ifoini s;t.-m ,irif i-uranuce
which will I,:.Tr f v'ry r. r-:,:il:l. h,,,rn:v iv well as every
piece of prop.-it. i-.rtl. if rconsi. .rati:oii L-l:niin. to the
State; a co::'p nf wv.h i, .Iil is a.:,1o trancmitt,,d for your-
consideration, wvhli,ih will l,,w ti..- it.- :f porf'i:rt as there--
in described arnd ref'err-ed t,. viere situ..te'd, the v.'du:ti:n
placed thereof, in t1. antiriunt f in: I rI e r i- :r-n ,,'''
Mr. .Drt.n to be carried on each description, tog.lthi-r with thi'
r.-de f prtniiturn f.:.r :-i thr:':-;'i policy which gives a mini-
muirn rate., in whi:h it will appear, that the toti.- l l,]aiitiin s'of
St- pr,,perty is t.'.-1.978; that ti,- amount of nsluian.:.: car-
ried --it thb. date of his report -%wi. i1.t.740; leaving $:::0'.,:38
worth of pru:,.,rt, uninsured. It will also be observed that.
he r.-conini.-nis that the State should take out -$4:'.,393 in-
surmance for the three years at the rate of 3 8-10 per cent. aver-
ag" pr,.iniun for three years, amounting to $14,7'Z,>.05 pre-
niium for thr1:- years. Therefore, I recommend that this sys-
ti: be an,:pt.. l.,y tle State, and that the Board of Cornuis-
sioners of Stn:-t, Institutions be cl:ir,]d with the sp-cifi:- duty
of l:':'piri tle r :':ord of insurance, to2ethier with th- custody
of all poli:i- is-sud, with direc-tions to keep the in-sur.inee,.- rt a i" d in force at sui-ii'h rate ani fo:' iiulh
a .'r. ntis a- in it- ji.l. in.~nt ,.;- ,-. n l.,.-~-t for the intire-.t of

^ }

the State from time to tim.. aud lnt a sathlicent appropria-
tion ,e made to cover Tlh- necessary premium on insurance,
subject to the order of ihe :.f Coma.izsioners of State

Y r. .
*1876-Cost of State prison3r-.... i2',,3-6 25
1877--Co:-t of State prisoners. .... ,500 OU
19i-The Stat, re:eivrd from 1i.'
1.1l.:,.,-; ~at $1..U. .... .......
1s.v!-Tii.: .tat_ r:,ci.h'ed from 149
i'n I:.I . at .'1 5.uij :-.a...h ......
l .- .St,,t,. i.:i. i J t,.,r hire of
13.. prir on rs ..............
1884-State r.-rcei.ed for hire of
u.? .r n' rs ................
1:._-Slate :pa:id for coare and
aii.rnt.lrarC orf 197 prisoners .. 8,500 00
188d-ST-S-S-i-The State received
nui ,,'._,ii,.'in :l n for the hire of
piinners, nurnA.leri.' from 236
in 18 ;. In 3'.9 jn SS9........ .
1S:'0-State received for hire V'
3 prisun-r;., ait $15.00 ,a(' ..
1SP91-Thi* State '..\:d for 409
prisoners, at $22.50 each ......
1S'J,-The State received from hire
of 453 pri-.c ers, at $22.50 each.
1:'3-Th.- 'l'att received for hire
of 4 -.? ).rion.r-.. .'.t : .f each.
.-4--,S.t, r. ,iv.J for hire 530
pri ,:;n, rt ....................
l.:,.-Si.t- received for hire,617
pri Hn, i ,, .... .. ......... ....
1S:'.3-Sl.te received for hire 688
pi i.3- I'rs ...... .............
15t .---i-t .received for hire 656
pr on rs ...... ............
1S'18--Stte received for hite 692
pri:iri' rs .. ... ....... .... .
984'--Stas,: recited for hire 717
prrion ... ... ... ...
O PC'-Sta,. re i,,.d for hire 797
/ * 1 **''* ** 4

$ 1,.135 00

2.235 00

4.600 00

4,600 00

0.000 00

5.220 00

'1,202 50

lv,192 50

10,845 'JO

21,000 00

21.000 00

21.000 00

21.,00 00

21.000 00

21,000 00

prion ers .. . . ............ 21,,0". 00
1li1--State. ri-.-i\t.d' f.,r hire- 930
S prir-n.: ......... .. .... . ... 1,000 00
19 I)?-St.,t, received for hire -'5.1'
pri, r i- er ................ 148.00) 00

The- -'rr:s..nt lawn pr-i r Iit.:- tlit fln sum ari-in,- from the
Lir' ,i *-n..i St |rit i llrn -r i,./ i .i e .,,:,l t,'' t .:- ,::,I untie-s .
in pr:'Ip.i:.tirnl to the jinui'l.,,-r of St it.. -ned from
ea.:li .:ionut to the State pniteut.ary 'urini thie s:nt-n'e.
In 1-'_ l] ,w w | on:,-te: auti.rizi,. thie :,i-n tlL.tli:II of a
i buli'din for ,' rf.:rmato; .I-ho: for ju'enil: iff-.nJer-: ap-
Spi-al, !..] J n,.'u- to .:urry out tl?, provi-,, ,. f said Il:iw ani
fo r it' I'll u l:nr -:, *:t:.. ,ial- authoriziu." Il .ve.rnor to
j j It i'i i .,; .,.-,- r I.f I, ic ti -u i s :at a solar-v if .'$125.
pi -r Orin:t, p. .al.i,:- vot u:f the r. :Ter-nu dl-. v':. fr.u the hire
.f .:, ...t. li al-,:o tIe -ui. 1 <.f I ..u to i.: .:h prj:,-u.-r when.
.lS.- h fir_.:,. '.'1 i..h1 le- t a i ; i -T.ii,, t :ui :t h.. .. ] l .tril.,utdl
t,-, thtI- U.n. tit :..: n-l.-r thi : [rI riio_.L- ,I,-f the ', tr, .i s for hire
,.f St.t- pri-:,r, r-i. and tIii- la ..rating thl,- .: ..:::,- Jihir-s
ulurin- le va. i '., '., -l.i 1 1),..) ibii, less than $11,0,i)
p-r .-,niuL t..I a itie.:r .f t ,i yar-. -Thus, it -ilI be ob-
-:rv-. l tli.t th.. ,i o,,.ul .-1.1 ,i-tr1 i.. t:il to the counties as: so
-iifll t},:t th-, .-. i-s- Boi AI IJ:, 1.'':fLIitr Commissioners could
rn,:,t antiit:.-l.ft ... si.:.i-t a1mf:,nt. from this fund to enable
itlIIu to tal:e it :it,:i C:,n-dl.j-i i..i in niflIrI.' 114 the budget of
<:,:r" .. .- -.I'r;, t.. base a levy f.:.r nlit:. p,.rii-[.. z:s upon;
In-ith.:r wa i ,mirit sufficient tf .n.rli :i t.- Linr- iin t and
u iunti,.f-.rm ,nt f, *: ,i' i.i-tnil iiti.i. It r!,ui t L,- :fpparl rft that
a nior;:- i ',it. I.l -nl uniform basis should t-..e dlAbi-sh..], if
tii's fiit il is to: I,: .l:i jliii.' i a ,rii.,n-;l the vadn'u-. IOuiitit-. U n-
d,:r our form ..f g...; ,trnment revenues are raised uipo-n the- vil-
1 tit .:I n I :,l t l.f iii, the i- i l...:. n,;, . i i,-, i"a f fun ]
is t. Ih- d i-:trl.ut -d, it appear t.:. m.e tit it I -iuld bIu,, d'--
lriltit-d upl.ii th, sime basis.
Undtr th.,- i.r s-:nt c-:ntr;i: t f,:.r lth- hire of State prison.:-rs,
-the State is tiL ree- iv:'- $1.",1..' I.,,:.r alpit-i p r annumll for the
' il .:f Slt. .- .p isc':n!.:rs. w ii,-h ill il il..I iout $1 0,,),)0 i es--

tir,,akid for each of the three remaining years of this con-
tract, hi,,.lih i- equivalent to about a ? mill tax on all the tax-
atlk alu o:f Florida as taIpears by the ae ssmi t rolls.
TIr.f'or,:., if this amount was to be distributed upon the basis
of vlutioii=. the county commissioners would d .ort.mplate
with s',ime crtainty the amount to be realized from this source,
and c.-,ul taik. the sam.e into con-mideration in fixing the mill-
age for -oumty p. urlpo. ; othlrwi.- the bac.s is unc, rtaiu, sub-
j::t to ii.:i.- .it .an' tir., i d ath. par.:rdin. rxpira-
tin of the term of the prisoner, etc., r-tc. 'Thr,-fore. I re-
(oiinm,,inl th.t th,_ Law hr- changedd and the distribution be
bai.- upon th valuation of property of the various counties' ,
as a)pip:,-:rs by Ih.- tiax rolls. It will be observed, by r,-ference
t,:- the :ouptrn.ll. Ir' ..port, that the Stat.? paid jurorA and wit-
nes-,:- durinr- tih ).ir : '12 .i:3,:.u:.9 out of the general
r.vnu fraud of thb, State; the counties paid o or-.-ount of
criminal pro-cutfioins during the y,.ar 1902. approximately,
ithi .: iiie amirunt. T'hei f,.rr!, if the pro:ceieds of the hire of
the bltu pif .Li-i- is to hI- applied n the hor :", f paying
the cot of the criminal prosecutions, I suggest that it would
only i. jut that onl-half of si proceeds be turned into the
g..- ncr.4 riv:-nu,- fund ot the State, arnd th other half dis-
t riLutled a luong tlh.' vari'u, ; ..:,.oun ti.s.
'. A more important d-umand, how'vver, presents itself to my-
nDieid-the p.:i\..eut and di,:iarge of thi: bolinded debt of the
S.tat.. I have calld ,-, I. th, fact that with the balance
of tht- ludian War Chirm- Fund applied to the aylmenut of our
bonded dlbt; that the proceeds of the hire of the State pris-
oners for their: next there years, would pay off t-h' rLruainder of"
the- lonud.. inr -btc- ,., and thus relieve the tax-p-ayers from
the bu l-rdn of debt and the interest thereon; and, in view of
the fact that thI counties have not heretofore ree:ivLd a suffi-
cict sumn from this ,:ur-e, to even be considered *n the-ir bud-
.-t, it nould not i n-.v be a serious loss to them. I earneactly
recomuiend that a law be enacted applying the entire proceeds
arising from the hire of State prisoners to the payment of the
bonddl debt of the State until the last dollar is finally paid
and discharged.


The report of Hon. W. H. Milon. president of the Boar]l
of Trutt-e.. truan.iLitt-d her:v. i., b:,..' A that the institution
iS, court j:f deb.t. and tliit the rnaJ ._l':-Di':n t 1- zod. H-. urge, in
aminidrmeint to the L.,w ati_,ri.iicn thi't iniorrgible children
b1 sent there for reforiation and tra',ilgU-as well i-t crim-
inals aFter ,..:In '.: tion f.-r r:riime andi under z.-nt,.net for punisb-
njuent. Th7r,-fore, I rer,:ommend. that a law le enacted, as sug-
emtc-il. iutlhonizij ,: i.:orril.'h- h'ilren to be sent, without
conviction, fcr an ii',] finit .. -r., l:aviuki the term to be fis-
* ed by the 1a iragmn frt.


Your att'-ution is inviti,.d to the r_.iport -_f Attfrn,--General
W hitfi-1., a.t requir:,l .,,-y sect;:n S of l-: Rvis,: Statutes,
an': tli': i i''.i i.IIi .i t 1.ii l. -i i u i i lt.., ol t:r n to the
necessity ,'t hatnz o:re al'ii, 'itw o.l the-t stl. ,i-ts of pro
bate iuii...di,-ltion .a ud py:,edir-. niman e ':iirejt and sale of
estatc- o'fminoi.stan, nurueupltive
wills, lio:ns-. al- and r-'l.mpt.n :f t:: -rtifi,:attg issued
for non-pai,ment of ti:-s )ur',..-.:- by cities and towns, ap-
peals from interloi.utor-,' orders and decrees granted, of super-'
sedeas ord-:rs, revision of the -tatut,. laws of iie State and th:
preparation -.f a dig.-st of the lde.isi,:ons of the Supreme Court
in civil i,, an'] a revision of the revenue laws of.the State.


The Democrati.- State Convention held at Jacksonville, be-
ginning on the 19th day of .Tune, 1900, in its platform unani-
mously ao.pted, did di-:clare -i.a provide for the nu'ninaticn
of all ranlidates for ofTi,.:-e, Ioth State and county, and of
United Stuat-s S'.-nators, .,y ia majority vote, in white Demo-

-' 1

cratic prinuariy eletions. held und,'r the provisions of law,
which ihll i pr..vik all possible protection against fraud, brib-
er:,', iiiLmi.]-ti]or, and other viKiou influences; said primaries
to be uniformly held throu.-hout the State on the srame day;
and did pledge l... party to the pascagi- ,f all laws to that end.
The L:gi.,i.l i' -ion -of 141i1l enacted a law (chapter
501-1 on tlfl.; i..j-t.l, thui. firmly establishing the primary
s-itCn-m f,.,r 'ni.-iti ij andipat,:it f,'-r any ome:- under the laws
of thi: St.,t., .and for n in, iiiatiritg del' to political eon-
Ventrinr,.. The priminry h:l',l for the nonmin-ition of r-nLilates
nt the -aner l -1...ti:n. 1;00, iuand the gen,'ral primary election
foir th,. n..niiij ,:in .-i f .'tat: and .-u:)unt\ .m..:er- elective),
re[pr-sntai'. iu C'c rn. s ,an. Uniti.,-] Stati-s S..'i- ors., in
July. 1'.! I'.v li- e D'rij.mrat.: party, has met with iiniv-rsal
co:iLium.-nati, n. Mu:'i 'o-miniaint has breen niad': about the
pru ision ,:.f tlj.. law rquiirng_, tl. [i,. iient of poll-Lta as
a prereqm- it': I rti1'[ ipat:n 1 I a party prinj.ry election,
and, as it .ip lir.r:nt that his t.. was not intended as a party
measure, 1. th:r' fr':, r..i''-nli, ad that this feature of the law
be r *i'1..*l.

For tany years 1i',; qiu--tion of prohibiting children of ten-
der years from performing manual labor in manufactories has
b.: a c.,-i.l..'r-d in England, France and Germany, and all the
mnanuifa,.uri,." tidits of our own country. HI-er':tofore, we
bare ).,:-u u nail,:d to look upon this question at a distance, but
it is now nearer, and, in a degree, with us. in all other c:oun-
tries and States, after thorough investigation and long ex-
perienc-e. it is found to be injurious to the mental and moral
upliftiL,_' and the material advancement of the elildren of im-
mature -,.. and,,-ju,.-tly, the people, and, fhi.reforp,
should be prohibited by law.
The ..-ni ,:.f .-,, government i. huma nity; and, to my mind,
three ,ouhld Ihe no gr.Pator r.-ploncibility thrust upon, or as-
sun,:d i,. 3a lr'ilator than the proper proportion of the vYitl, i
of the lau.L, tlh,: nantral an'd moral a"dvancerment of those of

immriatur.- ago. and that the fir;t st, p shouldd be taken without
further ddlay by the cna,-tmni't -f a wise and just law on tbi:
subj .ct.


Two years of :.l. ol'-,-rvation, in an ,-ff,:rt to take care
that the laws be i. ii -,l-, .:-:it. ,. has impressed me more
pd,: i.. than ever w.thi the necessity o'f h1. i n more prosecut-
ing officers in tI. St it:. Under our present s t,i:m. the. timnli
of the Ste'V Attorn:, is :,l.-rl:.:n ,[, w'.-ith the court world; from
county to ::unt'i that it seems i[,.,:i'l. to ,:at up:n them
more duties than t1,;,' now have und,'r the C:,'tiAiutin1 and
laws; and yet I find an absolute wnt ,:f pros:.,uJtiua o.licers
in all the n.jt.-r, ari-in2 .fore jisticis of the peace and
county jiudi -s. erubra,:i,_ mi-.1,e:ni: ; and, threfore, it is
next to an imp,:.-iiity to rfr,:c_ the law. of the State.
Therefore, I ur;, natl, ri-,.-'iniil ad i C'onritutional amend-
mn,:.t be prooi.,,.:d :rr. --ting a State's attrDn.:.-li-:p for each,
Senatorial Distric..t, iu order that our laws may be more faith-
fully executed.


I rec.ormm. nd a Contituti'n:ial amenduij.nt be proposed au-
thorizing the irnpo:.ition of a license tax on all. corporate
franchises aid1 taxi on inheritance, gifts anid devses.


As stated in my former message on this suiije:t, many of
the Stat,-- have published in suitable book form a history and
roster of their soldiers ,:n':ef in the several wars, with the
record of each officer and soldier. Florida. has no such r.,ord:
or roster of her soldiers and sailors who served in the war be-
tween the States, and I, therefore, heartily recommend that a
law be enacted authorizing an appropriation for the compil-


ation and publication of a brief history and o.nilct, ro.t:r of
all who served in the war between the States enlisting from
the State of Florida.


Practical forestry has become a .cienco. and has taken a
firm hold '.oth ,.ri .htI in Europe. In Europe great areas of
barren land have been covered with trees, and these are being
preserved under trained u l:'ervi-ion.
*Th.e en-:er:il government maintains in the Agricultural De-
partuient a Division of Forestry; This division gives much
-tiod., to questions of forest 'fires, and th, relation to the
farrm,-r. in the farming States and in the mountainous regions
ai4 J]rjni.'nAt'., i]: n,,:,i:' of pit.,-,:t,:,.n of our forest from
fires. The division likewise gives attention to the supply of
lumber with the view of improving the forest without sacri-
ficing the profit of the lumberman, and also to the planting of
trees in the treeless West, all of %~ i. h is of incalculable value
to the forest interest of this country.
The,: are many reasons why our forests should be protect-
ed. The value of all the mineral :,r,:.ducts of this country is
less than one-half that of our forest each year. All of our field
crops fall nilll 'g sl.rt of their yearly product; yet their com-
nrercial value does not lie wholly in the timber. Tl'heir effects on
climatic conditions; the perpetuity of springs and streams; on
the crops and on the health of the country are great. All
.things considered, profit, health and the future of the coun-
try should have weight in the discussion of the plans for the
future.. The turpentine industry of the United States has,
frr.'r its in-titiition. been confined to the long-leafed pine belt
of the United States. embracing the States of North and
South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and
Florida. The foregoing States have permitted in a large degree
the destruction of their forests by the turpentine industry, fol-
lowed by the saw mill man and the forest fire. In the track of
naval stores and lumbermen there are only blackened stumps

in these St ).. to,- pitifully tell .the story of the pa-.t-of :the.
beautiful land l-:ft a ruined, worthless waste of extravagance.
'The past is valueless, except asIr .t-,--aches useful Is'ons for
the future. The turpentine n,-n and the lumber men are de-
Sstro in"" theirn i s.uri : -, ppi -fpt ix'.t J.
too th.-ir n a or t:i ,t' .- s. v,.1..i n ',...lfie -f
the Stait-, anl tihe- f:ir.'t: wh i 'hlo'us aheadj
in seemingly exhaustless a,:tres now, will Eooun 1'e iii tlihe undi-
ti<:,.t, tl...,:-. ,1t iii !Sl,-r S1 -dt ,.. ln,- h,_il.,i .l ,:t u.''-. -ppr lto
.,u fr p: it.,ti...n. In 1:.'iU trin. u.Ial. fpr..,]u t .. f spl it-_ :.f tur--
pentine in the Tlnit.d States amounted to '54.670) barrels,,
valud at .UiuiI60.235 '2,56, wus barrels of rosiu. V\lued-i a
.$5,19,.... and other products valued at $255.385 ; total $20,-
344,Ss..The-. :aJlt:Ld inst-l in 1900 amuinted to $11,S47,-
4:15. 1.- not ,,n. inrlutry u frqf aosiel:, ii, :nitui as
t[.:., ..irt the .:lr- t to,: r.:.s .,: it? T- it -,..I l..u.,ur! s fL .re--
sight to annihilate the ;sourc- of all these millions? Is it just
to coming g:-nerations thattve should] estrppy,or; permit to be.
d,-stroved, the-. -s[p.ln-lid forests without effort to ;plqa'ce
them? In my opinion, tt-':v should bb protcteti b. the enact-
mrent of a la:w on this sul.bject fiing the p:rilod within which
time tre,: should be c.ut or --boxed." limiting the size of the
tree- that should, be boxed, r-,gula.tirn the number of boxes
per tree, and otherwise protecting our fort-sts. ,) ,.r ri.:
iH .;1-7 -.0;j !. EIGHTH JjI9JIAJ CTRCUTIT.
ii 0;(? .'L nicv-s eib Si'i dgilw 97j nI ilo/-
Under the constitutional amendrm,-nts., ratified] at. the gen-
eral election held oun D.:-omber ?. 1902, providi ng for an addi-
tional,.judicial circuit. the: pow,-r to redistrict the. State and
create an additional judicial circuit, as therein .provided; fori
being .vested in the Legi-lature,: I. beg, to call your. altentio't
to this subject, ,and I rt.'commend that the. Eighth Circuit ba
created, and. defined. .
j ... L fej-- t fd 1 f- o .i.i .td't.f.u.i I .- I .a. .


I wish to emphasize the recommendation of the Honorable
Coniaiissiotnr of Agriculture for the necessity of the pasisge
(if a pure food law. An act was passed by the Legislature of
1901 on this subject, but, after a careful consideration there. f,
it was deemed best that I should withhold my approval their -of
upon the grounds stated. There is no question in my mind
now, and was not at that time, that we needed such a law.
The citizens of our Stat, have a to be protected against
the ui.-,i.rupu]i:.ts nmanufa turner of fnod products, and, wheth-
*er all the products are deleteriou; or not, they should be le-
gally required to be properly labeled and sold for what thay
are, not for what they might be made to appear, or represent
themselves, to be.


I also concur in th'e ic-n.: : xpr-ss.' d by the Commissioner
of Agriculture in his re-port, an( urge that steps be taken to
cause a geological survi-y to l made of our State.


The Stjtef_'h-mist's report gives in detail the work of his
department and shows a large increase in receipts, and calJs
Attention to urgent necessities, improvement of his office build-
ing, equipment, etc. I concur in the views therein expressed
i and recommend that an appropriation be made to provide for
the inipro. .i:merjt requested. I also recommend-
(a) That a law be enacted requiring an inspection of food
stuffs by the State Chemist, and that an inspection fee Lb
charged therefore.
(b) That a law be enacted requiring an inspection of beer
by the State Clhemist, and that an inspection fee be charg,.d
therefore per gallon.
(c) That a law be enacted requiring an insl,4etion of il-

luiiniatiun- c..Iz i. y the State Clhemi.t, and thai a fee be charged
therefore per gallon.
and r,:-arcl, as, I am informt-d, some courts have held ttat
the -af,.ty of such oils is determined by the flash-test and not
by the p:, ifi.: .gr.;vity test, for the reason that a specific grav-
ity test is a test of quality rather than a test of safety. I
rjinr:in l that a Law 1.-. -:rra.:ted requiring an inspection and
branding of li.:h oil .,s to quil ity, u- well as to safety, in oru .r
that the p r.L: nuv-. ha- full kn:.wledce of the kind of arti-
cle used or c.f.r,.. for .ale.
(d) Thait aid !, .: .:n.t-.i r. iiiri_ the inspection of g:;s
by the ht.t, and that a fee be charged therefore per


The Supreme Court having d:l-.::iar:'i the statute, chapter j
4648, Laws of Florida. t ,il-h prTOvid,:s that the Board of
county commil.onrr.r, in e.h ,ount.,y in which there is a
company or il.,i ,>, :f Site tr:..p :hall provide each com-
pany or battery 1.i at_, ar,, ji,, etc.) unconstitutional, declar-
ing that the :,it,.,r- arni .f the government is "'s-ntialhy
and necessarily a StIlt- institution," therefore, it follows that
the t..l ,,.1 provide suitable armories for meetings and
drills of the State troops and the safe -tora e of-arms and
I had occasion, while the troops were *tatio:.:d at Jack-
-, .il,- ,iii, the month of May, 1901, to test their prompt-
ness and :m. :;,: and to observe their behavior, and I am
proud to add my approval of their splendid conduct and ser-
vices, arid to extend my grateful appreciation to the offiei s
who commanded the troops at Jacksonville and to the enlisted
men for the willingness, promptness-and the capability with
which they performed the duties assigned therh, which were
so friiN-tiuy of an ardous and trying nature. I desire to
compliment Col. W. A. MacWilliams, Acting Adjutant-Gen-

eral, and the commander, Col. C. P. Lovoll, for -1:ti. -.'-1, i
-services rendered by them, during the militAry occupancy of
Jacksonville. I also wish to express the gratitude of the
,-i'.l. of Florida to the Navy Department of the United
Stat-:, and to Captain F. J. Mitchell, ..-in i,,liig, for the
-splendid services rendered by the two sections of seamen and
marines from the LU. S. i.:.-uu. Cutters F..,,u.1 and Ilain-
ilton during the military cecupjumy of Jacksonville.
The high rank which the. Florida trt..:p have attained
and their usefulness anc tfl'cienetDry. i.- .att'-:i !.'.t those in a po-
t:-f:ion to know best. In the resolutions adopted by the exe-
cutive committee of th-. J-ack;.onville Rei..-f As.ociation, da-
ted June 15, 1901, which, in part, are as follows:
"The executive :ornmiitt'te of the Jacksonville Relief Asso-
ciation desires to r-cunrl it appri.i-ation of the services ren-
dered to this city in its hour of distress by the Florida State
troops, and the -ibl, ninitia undi--r their able commander, Col.
,C. P. Lovell, whi:, was also f.i:-ently assisted by the officers
and sailors of the U. S. Revenue Cutters Forward and Ham-
ilton. As upon the occasion of any '.ide:1'r,;.ld disaster to any
Community, the lawless element it always pr>cs.'nt and is
prompt to take advantage of thf inevitable confusiion incident
thereto to set the civil law at din.:-,e and uimnjit depre-
dations the. military arm is indispen-
'sible to maintain order * The troops while here
pr-esrved exc-,.ent ord,-r and gave the security to our people
which could have been derived from no other source. '* *
"We desire to express our sense of the value of the State
:and local organizations and trust that they may be fostered
and encouraged iiaevery legitimate manner."
Your especial attention i8 invited to the report of Col. W. A.
MacWilliams, Acting Adjutant-General, which gives in detail
-the record of the services and conduct of the Florida State
troops which were ordered to Jacksonville during thp night
.of May 3, 1901, when I was informed by wire of the devasta-
ting fire which that day had visited the city of Ja.ksomnville,
destroying two-thirds in value of the property of the city.


In the Adjutant-General's reports for the years 1901-1902,
transmitted herewith, will be found statistical data relative to
the military stores iued to this State for the use of its or-
ganized militia, -showing the condition in which he found the
property upon his assumption of the' duties of the office;
pointing out the responsibilities that attach to these stores
that are furnished by the United Stat-s and charged, to the -
| State; that, unless thi prope-rt3 is accounted for in the man-
ner prescribed by law, it, money value may be charged agaii is
the State ard deduct te from any rumocr:y, due the State from
the United State:-: tlht he found such a charge against the
State of W11,400.00 value of propr.rty that could not be lo-
cated or accounted for, because no regular system of report-
ing.upon property had he-r,.tofore been employed; that he has
prescribed new forms for property returns, which have been
adopted and issued for use. and the officers are gradually be-
ing Iir.ought to realize the importance of making a rigid ac-
count for all stores entrus.ted to their charge. His work is
important, not only from the valuable property that is ei-
trusted to his custody an,, distribution and keeping, but the
military arm of tihe gv') rnn,'.iw is essential to the enforcement
of the law, the prevention or riots, etc., and should be main-
It;!ni. The volume of business fr ii. .' t.- by all of the
State departments, as previously referred to, is constantly in-
creasing with the growth and advancement of The Stat.-arnd
such is the case in the Adjutant-General's department and
work. Unless the affairs of his office are neglected, a vast
amount ofcorrespondence is requiredto build up and main-
tain an effective and creditable military forq. Hundreds of
a plic itionc for military records of soldiers who served in our
several wars, requisitions for evidence of disease and wounds
contracted and received in service; requisitions for copies of
commissions issued; for information as to filing claims for
pensions, and claims which have been filed, and innumera-

ble other inquiries come to his office, beside the many invoices
of military stores and properties received from the United
States, which demand careful and painstaking investigation
and satisfactory replies; the distribution each year of thous-
ands of dollars worth of clothing, quartermaster's supplies,.
ordnance and ordnance stores which have been received here.
and reshipped to their final destination entails an enormous-
amount of clerical work as well as manual labor; the various.
property, money, drill and efficiency reports received from
the various officers of the State tr..ops must be examined by
him, corrected and naljusted through correspondence and a
record imadirt lheeo t. There are cotmInZisiions and discharges
to be recorded and issued; enlistments to be recorded and filed;
requisitions for stores, funds, blank forms, etc., to be record-
ed and filed, and endless other details of office work to be done.
A somewhat detailed report of these items will be found in
his report; the number of letters received, the number of let-
ters written, discharges, enlistments, requisitions, commiss-
ions and orders granted, which will serve to give some idea of
the volume of the business of the Adjutant-General's office.
Through the coming year the wohI of his office will again be
mateially increased; the passage of the Dick bill and the ap-
propriation of two million dollars, in addition to the regular
appropriation of one million dollars for arming and equipping
the militia, 411 mean that during the year 1903 there is to,
be issued to this State military stores to the value of $55,-
131.13, which is $46,634.40 in excess of what has ever hereto-
fore been apportioned to Florida in any one year. These,
stores will have to be distributed through the Adjutant-Gene-
ral's office.
I consider the present salary of the Adjutant-General inad-
equate, and that it is physically impossible for him to perform
the duties of his office without clerical assistance; therefore,
1 recommend that his salary be increased as in your judg-
ment may seem meet, and that he be provided with a compe.
tent clerk.
I further recommend that an appropriation be made to

provide for the armories necessary and for an encampment.
I at-o .: ,-..,_,.id that a new militaryy code be, so
framed as to carry into Eff.-ct in this State the provisions of the
niliti..i bill addpt.:d by the Con'grs of the Unit,:.d States.

i. U .n:r and in pursuance of C'iapter 4-;-I,. laws of 1899, au-
t,,ri:hi and directing the Governor. to appoint expert .ex-
aminers to examine the books, records and accounts of State
officials, as of date the 31st of December of the year [,r..,din: ,
the session of the Legislature, I iil.,.:.intd ?.1.: -r-. J. A. Cox,
J. T. St,-wart, F. L. li:,l,.rt...n. John R. Willis, Carlos Sis-
trunk, Lewis W. Zim, J.Tohi, Coib, Donald Patterson and
James D n::ran. and their 1..t.-i is transmitted h,-r-with.


As will 1.e ob':srved from the report of the State Board of
Health and the State Health Officer. the health of our citizen-
ship during the past two hIa:s i.,:-n excellent-the best of
any health record ,:f anv State in tliv Union. In his report,
the h-ialth lficer tates "thit a w.ill adrmiiit,-red syst,-m of
sanitary supervision of the population is an indication of in-
telligent legislation, and the contributing factor in the
growth of any community; that, the. wealth of the State
lies in the healthfulness of the people." %n this I heartily
concur andl Insrp".-al for the people of Florida the same effi-
cient service in this behalf as has been the spl,--ndi.1 record of
thel past.
i In r,. i,1,.,. to the Legislature of 1901, I called attention
to the then existing conditions as presented to me relative to
the maritime quarantine stations, which had been located Lup-
on government property under a temporary license revocal '
at the pleasure of the war department. Soon after that mes-
sage was prepared the war department gave notice of the rev-
Socation of li.- n:s at two or three places where our stations
were located. I stated at that time that I had reached a firm

conclusion that the State should not 'sell its plant or quar-
antine station at Mullet Key, or l.ase or surrender its con-
tobl to the- general government;' that when the State yielded
its power to control entries of infected vessel- t. or .ts,. it
1i,- 1 t ,.,,.., iii ai the ri'lt to protect ti- .,:ti-:-_ li. of
Florida from epidemics. This conclusion has been main-
A decision was rendered by the U. S. Supreme Court on this
soi.jit during the year ]ill;. to the effect that the State's
power to control cutries of infecte-d v-l.s to our ports was su-
preme. Thi:refor:., I withdrew my ol.,jections to the sale of
the maritime,iitine plants, a it ppiar,-d more practica-
ble to diJpos,: of tlrm to the gove(rnmr,:nt than to remove them
from the government r- .i-rvtiOns anD] op,.rale them else-
The i,.: L...i. ii r.i- '-t ..ut :at l.ij.-.thi in tin report of the
State Health Officer, and the total nuoiunt r--'cived from the
government under Ihi.:, appr ien-enet of 1-1aid property, is $51,-
050.00. The warrant:- l,.,r ~aidl anounts w:-re made payable
ft m... Governor, an..-l 'l,-.i.-',_ i,:.lttI-. .ii..i of Commiss-
ioners o State Institutions, who joined in the transfer of said
property--the titl- to said property having vested in said
board, under the' constitution. The Liglature of 1901 di-
r'-cted that, whi: the money was received for the quarantine
plant at Pensacola the same should be fran mitt.-d by the
State Board of Health and the county commissioners of Es-
carnl.,ia county, etc., which was, upon receipt thereof, promptly
done. The remainder, $31,050.00, was turned over to the
State Treacur.r, under resolution of the Board of Commiss-
iornrs of State Institutions, to be held in the State property
fund for :-gislative disposition. I recommend that this bal-
ance be turned over to the state health fund.


The rc-eipts of this fund for the year lr.,,' were :
Fromr a half-mill tax .................... .. .$46.513 66

'Froum sal- and r,-de pItion of t.ix .i:ertificates... 3, 29 24
BaLin.e on hand D-ec. :1. 1902 .............. .. 662.67
S- .-. -' .' .?pa atuJ8 d'U .1 '..._-,
M Makiriz a total of .'.. -. o...... M .. $.0,700 .5,7

The ,xp" ,ni.,S for the State Board of H:-eaith for
th- year l ? w, ere ......... .. ........ $29,116 97
LIaving ini thI Tr,. u irv. ....... ............ 1,5
Stat: property; 't 4' directed . X..... ... .'.foli. o ob
ifis jagtiFirfing it' no':, :r.t *provides an emergency fund
for iie u.,e f .the State Board .f i-ealth without in,:easing
the millag- or burden of taxation:. asio lJ rno o ..
' a C j oI 't 1 i I .. .o-iO q
j -haMWq Woo bltQ4Ip TMPPfOVEMENT mi 9fi r I
I n i t ?vot:asi of t si * oA &(d
-,T-he advantage- of good roads, and the saving to the. people
with the increased value of the l hands as a result of them, and
the grcnt.eonveni-enie to the tra:.ling publiui, is apparent to, all
Floridians. The gg~erf1 goNvernme-nt has (s.tal.,lished a bu-
reau, with,na iret-or and other employees, that.are fiurniihed
niaohinerv, and -imipl.'o"t-s tf thie mnodlern nieh:riisrn.
periment th roughout the country in road .improv:rieit..,Tese
experinmerit bpve,b:-on .of great- vi-ue to the people generally,
and several counties of this State hav-e estjbli-ihed a. lo:-a.
system of .pt:ri-aunt and substlntia.d road ii provement. .WeI
s..eel roadl traIj: i- ,1:ing used with zuci-e hi n.any plAes
where materiall for. acdogingi. t .iii:naible.,. -.Mll
agree uponA.thi:.n.:': i uf.,'-.uch,,improvement; ,od it.isleft for.
the Leg-islture to dc-vie Sonie plap.,,and adopt ,dg#w .iput'
Ssuch. plians.ia .ps,. t i,,r e,.st-,-li .1-nt f f p,-rminnent
uniformn good TgQ, 9i- noiunfoar b u
.It i,-.myo opinion th.fat the.,boards of',county c(mmissioners
of the vi ri.ous counties should bri.en.pow-yed to raise by. thanA
tion, thi? ne: :-a ry., fani,l; and, maiain, a policy
of permanent road construction upon plans and specifications
adopted by the Legislatmre,;aftei.:ortollting witfl -killed and
experienced engineers in such work. Under our form of gov-
' :.9i h l 9' ridt ho ajiq is-oT 'dT''
. . .if- i '

ernment, I.,' li:r. the power to raise money for local purpo-
ses should be vested in those empowered and burdened with
the responsibility of expending it. I fail to see any good
reason for the-State to become a party to handling the money.
'It must be raised by taxation and the distribution is expen-
sive and is fraught with danger of an unequal return and dis-
tribution, as is now the experience in other funds to be distrib-
uted. Therefore, I recommend that a law be enacted estab-
hshirg a uniform system of road improvement outside of the
incorporated cities and towns, prescribing the kinis of mate
rlal that must be used in such work, defining a standard road,
in width, convexity, depth of bed, etc., as may be recommend-
ed and found to be necessary for the establishment and main-
t, nDn.:e of a permanent road bL:.d. to be approved and accepted
by an engineer before the money sh'..ulil be paid out of funds
raised for this purpose.

"The Legislature ,f 1'901 apr:, -intel, by Chapter 5062,.
.i~1i..', 1da, 7, 1901, $20,000, or so much thereof as shall
be necessary * * * for the relief of the city of Jack-
sonville * required the Comptroller to draw his war-
rant on the Treasurer for said sum in favor of the Governor,.
who shall apply the funds as he shall deem best."
Upon the approval of this act, I appointed Senator C. B..
Rogers, the Honorable J. C. L'Engle and the I,,irahle
N. B. Broward a committee to handle and apply the funds-
under the provisions of this act-they being the senator and
representatives from Duval county in the Legislature--which
charge they hiinilv accepted. Under my 'direction, $10,000
was tr'i, 'ii-tt .d by the Treasurer to this committee, which
sum was turned over by the committee to the Jak-,nville
Relief A. -oc.iation, which was subsequently .organized under
the auspices of the Board of Trade of Jacksonville; and tli
full in,. is a copy of the receipt of the Jacksonville Relief
-s,,.:i:tin for the $10,000 so expended:

No. '642. J.s: .-..N\iuLL':. FLA., May 20, 1901.
I,.,] ... State of Flo.r.l:i by J. C, L'Engle, N. B.
lBroward, C. B. Rogers Committee, Ten Thousand Dollars
for th-. relief of -,l.:-. ;, from the fire, Ma., 3.1. ':"1.
(Signed) A. M. IVES,
Treasurer of Jacksonville Relief Association.
The remaining $10,000 authorized under Chapter 5062,
was not drawn, and, therefore, remains in the general revenue
Sof the State. Your attention is invited to the report of the
-committee transmitted hTr: with.


The fourth biennial reports of- Messrs. R. W. Williams,
Louis C. AMa-, v and Joihn C. Avery, commissioners for the
promotion and uniformity of 1 iL-lation in the United States,
appointed by the Guvrti.,:r under authority of Chapter 4447,
Law of Florida, is transmitted 1, r. : itl. It will be observed,
from their report, that the ,:,nf'-i.n of the commissioners
of Uniform State Laws, 1ld a 12th annual conference at
Saratoga, N. Y., in August, 1902; that many matters great
importance received consideration, and are now in the hands
*of committees, and that a bill to L. rntitl,.A "An act to Es-
tablish a Law Uniform with the Laws of Oth% States Rela-
tive to Insur. n,,:e Policies," which will be presented to the
Legislature with the recommendation from the -orirriissioti-
-ers for its adoption; that an act on sales is being draft-d and
will probably be ready for consideration at the next confer-
,ence. Your attention is ,.e;i.1ij invited to this report show-
ing the work that is being accomplished by the (ommiisiioners.
I also call your attention to the financial side of the duties im-
posed upon the commissioners who go out to perform thiM valu-
-able service for the State. They not only have tliir traveling
expenses and hotel bills to pay, but are called upon to defray
incidental expenses of printing the minutes and reports, the
paynient of clerk hire, postage, etc. I recoinmend that an

*alr.r'-ri-,ifi.~r be made commiisurate to the ,J,., widl i- g
inpon the commissioners, covering their expenses and in-
T Ifn- ii.,.:,] democratic platform demands .,' I ..... as.
a means to settle qu-:-t:ins of di].,put, between employer and
,mi.,ilJe. A natirinal calamity has doubtless been averted..
by the appointment of a]l of Arbitration by the (re-
publican) president, in tl, :,al r -ii.:, ; thus uniting as it were
the wisdom of both national political parties to a plan of arbi-
tration to ,i.jl t and .:ItH.- -ti. i. questions. Thi-, is an impor-
tant -l';l.::cet. It has been clearly demonstrated tiat new
i'u'ii-: ionri have arisen that have not been prc, iilid for by law.
Wrin,-,; have been inflicted and there is no le-gal remedy pro-
vided. This should be done. Not only are employers and,
employees i_,t.. .:-t.-. in this question, but the public at
large nL.., '.h,- ilr ld party at interest, and who have rights.
t! it should be protected. The subject is well worth careful
ci'L.-dia-i,, and any law lhi..i will aid in brinr':iun_ about
peaceful and prompt .':til.-unt .of labor disputes should be
heartily -U ouIa ,d, Und 1 ea Q ep in the direction of es-
tablishing better r,:lat i ,- ip te,.t i1 capital and labor.
In this day of C.Ivr.,ir c.ivili: it;i-ii, of high development, of
quick ii,, v-uit and keen ,competition, too much attention
cannot ;.. i .-,'tEe development of the highest physical and
mental epi oity of the 1).'utlh of our State, and to the traiiing
of lub ,a l. minds to the highest possible point of each
individual capacity, not only that the individual may receive
personally the greatest possible benefits from his t.-L.nis, but
that ii.- State may be ..r.--..iii.,,, in its iiii.-r:t:. and its
:-ulTr.-i, :,i i.,,- prostituted by ignorance to venal ends.
We have just cause to be proud of our progress in educa-
tional matters, when we look backward to 1876 and see the
situation as it was then, and is now; then a system dis-
or.,iaii..-.i ..i moneyless; now. a smoothly running, w-ll en-
.1,. i an '] generously supported system, moving like'a perfect
rn.Uhinr toward a hi.-her d.ltin.tion. Still,.we are fir from,

Ahe., ializtioin Ot o(ur l:.,r-. far T'run_ wf hat we should i:., but
that is ot' ti. tfaull ,.1 wi-l *' th ,:-. .ut' rf la,_k of tinie
an i, ..ib' i t'i to .u,:,ii ,, r tii l 6 .1 ,.1 h t. S t 't,:', h ,ri -"as-imn .'l-
thl tfiii..'t :n ,t .iidu ati_ .- on.r o l ( ir 'iayt acr,:r l duties '
F Ilr ,l I lW Ii..-t 'i 't, I'l ,'- If- ,ii ... l t.-i. : iO theK \"I' ltest.
,of h r al.l ; iht : Stt.l I .s J,.il.iir. .i h,-r eluiafion al
ohb li, tl.:,Al I'f tlf'till'" a id .' .- it li iT l,.:1i u Ti, the low -
p:r : i:-' t. uf 1l .rat.. .It I- L'.:,l', the lwhit- .- iu phr.d'with th- ,
h r n r i'. ki tit- 1A 1:1 Th
i-" i, i-i N o .rithi '.irlhna ..-- 1 'n L.'uii.t ra ', 1s.i.0';
T -hir'- ,'- 14.0'; K u:ntua.-l .. I t.1 Al.iil.i.'. 1i '.? Virginia,
1 '.1 \\ t Viri tini 11.9 Ark.iL: .i', 11..4: T.xa.S, ; F it-'
i. ,, .innd M i_-.ipj., / 0 -
But Lont;- .Southern '-tl.,t t i '- ,: .-r thanL Flrid'a.
T h.i t 'rt I 1 1 1 I. rn t ..f P ul l. In-
' rul ti, ,n -how- that th' *' l.. .i po .iil ti 'u of FloriJ' I..:-
ti:'.L 111 i- '.'f t: u t1 Til-i..'i; l- Z -ar., in 11 w waS3
1 -1 ,r.f r!,,'. : l ',., n ,- .ur m a ill,- .' .l !. ., I -1',- ,tt,. I 'i

tln... I, gc-h.. ;lv t. .. l: ".i .H.l w: h a,... .' oiet l -t ._;n-ine

ai . "_ -1 t L i,'-' ', l,, i i, ." i.1l, t, jHi thj 1. it,:li,".

i n Th ir r -. -i iriiot iir ..1f J .l -.ii-ht .ii '.4. ainl t ai l ;- ivf-:rfig
s !'. r ; .- o tf t.'- .. .; .i 1 -'. I 1 t -.' , .' ;. t., no "r
t..,i..lh ,-r-. $ ?'. -, ,:r ui.'.n l 1 l,- tl .. Iu tr . .' .,:,l
rar:ly, ever run' lon-,r thin fuihr i .0 rnary .(rin -iis hdvo
I their high .choocls' (l' .ie hai:v stevi ral with an ,ight or nine
r>.nt!- t,-ri'. ':i :u t-,. l, W .A :. t ,i, .,i .i t t-,. *ouI11nt1 .
| T :_' I P- 'i: 1' "'1 i. l -, i r i i t i n i ..1 '1 t 'l -'i' r .i I.', t it In
I n i IA I. I '. i
in or' r St, it,-1 A n ,'_ i[i ti.. il' ;i l i- l :tionai l ta i ,s of
th :'n iJ ri- ort for 1 '911, pl,:- Florila in.a i.f tte-ri light,
irl it L ,- "p I l- l _h : ni ,i- J tiff lt.: : un r, r -1. -l,]i
h, h'. 'r t ,;t!,:rl-- r into ,: o ilerati,,n.
.. ., i o:' t ,o r a i. '')r r, .. 1 t n
wr'i..-, ra futr? l* .frnlc~ixntiesl i n .* :' .


Florida ...... .... 1.45 10.21 62.00 69.7

Kentucky ........ 1 29 8.58 74.61 71.0
0 P

1* P4

Airgbia ........ 1.08 $ 9.70 57.8165 67.5
Norih Carolina... .51 4.34 59.81 36.6
South Carolina.. 67 44 56.62 63.2
Georgiassissippi....... .89 6.64 64.45 589.3
Florida .......... "1.45 10.21 62.00 69.7
Kentucky ........ 1 29 8.58 74.61 71.0
Tennessee ........ 87 5.17 70.18 #67.0
Alabam- ........ .50 3.10 57.65 61.0
Mississippi....... .86 6.48 64.45 58.8
Louisiana......... .82 7.76 41.72 89.5
Seas ........ ... 1.47 11.35 54.05 73.6
Arkansas ........ 1.04 7.01 67.22 48 1

From the above, it will be seen that Florida stood in the
second place in the p.r,.'nta': expended per population.
Texas being two per -cent. ahead, and that Texas was the.
only Soiith. t t, rrt.i.. ha f Florida in the-amount expend-
ed for each pupil attending school last year (1902). Florida
expDi',,-,l !1.., per pupil. In the number of days taught.
Florida is third on the list, having 69.7 days to her .-r-it.
This grows out of the fai' that country schools generally
have shorter terms. Mia n. :f them are small to begin with,.
'and the absence of a f.- ,..r- r. .luJi,:. them so they ,::innot
be maintained. In the cities, towns -and thickly populated
.*ttrnint, the school terms extend to 120 and 160 days or 6-
and 8 months.
The number of rh.r.1s i, not an evidence of school pronrepss.
On .the other hand, it is oft.-n a demonstration of
The small >:l.:r, ith it_ ,.i 1-rent ages "and grades.
cannot hope to.: ,...,,- in ir,:'l .. with the larger schools.
where the gr:ild- :ar- un1 er th. management of a special
teacher, devot:id to thit pairticul.-ir grade. I 7,:0ilol, there-
fore, -uo -.t thei a:loption of tl- pl,.in that prevails in some
of the other ;tat'--, nd A- i:n introduced in some of the
counties of Ftirid, -th, .:. li .-l,: u of the small schools and
the free transportation of pupil.. living 1. eycnd a certain dis-
tance, to and from the school each day. By this means bet-.
ter schools can be maintained and for longer erms. It will
require fewer teachers, and the teachers can do more satis-
Sf.. r,:.r, w.v.r k if each has a particular department to look after,.
and a -picifil duty to perform. It will enable the county
school boards to pay better salaries, and thus secure better;
iaclieIrs, those who are teachers by profession and not teach-
ers, teaching for a brief time to bridge over an occasion. At the'
same time it will enable the school boards to economize by cut-
ting down schools and school expenses. I would also urge
upon counties the adoption of the free school book system.
Where tried it has been found to work admirably, and, if'
generally adopted, it would save tlhoua,,. of dollars every
year to the people of the State. The purchase of school books

ia hi avy drain on ti,_-. r.-ourc-.s of the people,. and it is espe-
.cially hard on ihat portion of the population who need every
dollar they can make and whose children are most in need
of school faciliti,.s I doubt not that the lack of books and
th,: ina,.il~ity to get them have kept many i..right bo:, and girls
rout of school, and deprived them of an education. It is no
more charity or,ism to provide these books than it is
to provide wall maps. ..hart, desks and seats. It is simply
.an economic business propo-ition.
We have a number ..f irivatc 1,: .ls of high grade and sev-
,'rol colleges and St.ile ifiti itinuti -.~ihndilly (.u1ipp'.-d for the
work laid out for them; but tihe mass of the people must look
to, and depend upon, the public schools foreducation. It
'is, therefore, the bounden duty of the State and the counties
to o:,'l every means at their :oinmini,1 to make these schools
:as nearly p,..rf,,.t a pn,:iblc. It nppenrs to me that a defi-
nii.- course of stu.hl -l1ld I.'. defining what
..studies should be r::q4ted -of a student b,.fir entering a high
school or a State iol.o... also, whint :houild be required in an
examination for a lirot -. .r:nd, anil third ,-,rade certificate for
teachers, in oruh-r tiat the Ft Il ak4 and tci: lirrs may be better
iniforr, of what 0- r,.ir,..l ot Ilh..'i. lliat greater unifor-
n ity may be established in our school system, and that
:all schools should embrace a thorough course on the duties
and privilege of citizenship. It is an important d1 i0y to provide
Proper public schools, and each county should provide for one
high:school, at least. Therefore, I recommend that a law
be en.act-l requiring that at least, one high school, centrally
'located, shall be established and maintained for eight months
i:i each county; that the Superintendent of Public Instruction
'by and with the approval of the State Board of E1,lio,.in,
'be authorb.,.-d to prescribe from time to time a course of study
for, and rules and regulations or admission to the 1il'.h
sclihoo: a .ind clges of the State, and also to define and estab-
lish the requirements necessary for an applicant s'.ki.-ing a
first, second or third grade teacher's certificate, and such ot her
require-rments and provisions as may be deemed best for the
interest of the public schools of the State.


'11: r,-port of the Conmirission.'r of thI:- G(hncral Land Oilice,
dat.-d Wa -hingt,:.u, D. C.., July 1, 1,.'. .i:-WS th.e total num-
.:r .t -r..i :t i .:jit Unit'id .'t t,-s lan.i in ah county i m
F.,I i l.i, -1.i,. :t to ho'riu' tea.- d '; trN at thOn- UI it:da Suit.ts land
.:.,:- .it t':ne. t-, i-. to I..e only 1, ;33.311 acres. An '-r-nLiUja-
:O 'I t i.tht li:t rI..v'al the f:a t th.,t, in the p,:rtio:ns '-f the
t tt, i,.ri., tl: ind:.s ari g-?ui r.lli i:',,d tar-in :g Lmudls,
t. r,- Iit : .r-, s :-u ,'.;t to homn-t : d _ntr'. A :cl'ser
.in ':t, ; ii.c t Ih,? i-'v r'il. tiin .; a. S, ir,. v ilu',:: t1 or
* li.r' l r.. ... =. .ind -ir, ouly 'I.;i...d' fu r ttl i ?7I n'r -
,. i .r, ,,-,, ;., -,:! r_ Lir 5,,:l., .:h .h .i_, n 1 I.: u t lh :,.,J irn ..r._
tra: : ,ir II..I tlmus th, h ol t'r -.,:ad w ,:,),ir.:t r a -ai-ist ,-t-
t! -i ti.. ] ,1 I clt ,tt Ml : t.,-, ':. ti t :i. l I..', it- f ram r
1h.. 'nlt'. 1 .t l. in tli ( StAt tl; r 1..? a.:qulri lI,' the
.. l tt.r I tn .:r thie ,nistt d l .i.s ,f the U iit..

I. t t 1.v:-tiii, ..C it is r,-S i .At, fit troim tran ..portatrior, tho.t, itjtih-
o t -i i.. in i.i. :.-:ni.. rt i in 1, olthI-Cire h, t hi: tiniti'r, vLiieL ,
,,-.i .. . : ."*-r'i. t,,_o Ii I ,t:t.: i:,: l ,. it ill nu i.. t in
tle r I.. i ot trir!i t r! otrtt in. a, ,1 ,. v.iill i r,:'-i: .. tl' m l ci iu un-
C: .:PI- : ,.l 1:d 1, -:do1.J1ct. e.- fo,:r an ind,.tfinitl: p.i:ri cl If
I I i,1: Ii.'-.l in tie l.and of the
:-'t.' f r iii i.:tit tr l .urp t St.atE :culd. and would
i ** t i I. .: I. i,: t ,- I of t a.:c. at fair Co)m -
i t.. .ii.r ft'.r th- tandu'i timber or grazing purposes,
ti1i.. l 1i 1 'i' t is i) .7 iij i i: Ep.'_-, ; .? i.,': r,-vernue-pr.oducii g
i" t. l t ,i 1i *... lin, ii i it I _ii r. a .nd th- ,r:. t aid
:. l I : .i L ti n. I -.'o ild. thi.,'t-'ore. i:sp:ctfuf lly sug-
-I. i' t : ni ,ri.- l ,: i. :i -;d to C'n aI-king tinh t the
I1. '1 4 z..: i rin. acr-. ..f- : if th... i.u:b.1: J:Irnm in of th- United
,'. MI, ii! itn FI lO I a. b."- 'raj tld,: t.., the Stat:, to be dis-
I* -_ I '.r t ,.' : i ,L .1 :,':n:it of thi- p il.l.. .:hool fund.


From a :irft'ul study of the history of our Stab: and it3
wondertul 1ievcloipmint and progress, there seems to have
been no ,u-iti..u that has i,: u.d greater r:.,:ar ib 1n]l effort
Onr tl.- i,. t ,o1 iv .:. ,.,e .- : ,,s lo .'. I.a,.lI: a! the t.:rc itorial
days, an.I aluno-t coniliuo;i-ly ine-, than tite problem of
draaingn an, ri...lanation of tli s.wamp and overflowed lands
of our Stat,.. Thin quii,-tionu r a ,.1s.:is:'] as of nj.tioial im-'
portance a.z cur'i ,is IS.3. Iy n. o *f nAati,:ii.n i r. p:,si-
tion and r-pu.itatiiin. It wua the pri ramoiunt quctiorn with
our first scmn'oi:r iu tin. Cn:, oI th:-'.- Stsi:1s, whitc h
.;jlm inari .i in the a:lt of (.'jin,-:'.. '. tiln:' to th I. State the,
swamp and overflowed lance l 1:,.i.i. hI. ,I...i in turn.
gi .,ut .:'. by the State to the :ru-t.Vs ,f t. C II t,:i -il Iniprov..-
*ment Fund, ir..\ '.u bly fi-r li-. purp.-:e of a.Aiig in ti.- diain-
. and] i.:-!i , n of tho laui-; o tihe l h.r.iit'.-r di1- .'nat:i] ;is
-. ..U ,' ] ,vt.r- l..,.]..'" You rnsi t ii hinut that, nithwitih-
-tJaidig tr.;nu:1 L effort havo kena put; ...rth to s'-Ih thu
pril.-lni. it is today the lp-a nrii int qi.s'- i on l.l,,'i.. the
pl-eol-l- of FIlri,,ia, and i. of s iti,-icnt imnprta,.-e to inilte
th, J th ti .u ,,ft ti.:- law ina l-r of ti],: nati._, to ,a.:..o iplisl
;.hat thl f,':r,-fath,!-rs provided for. Nlwitlwhst.n.lltng thYi
,. mp.ratliv\.:,ly l.z r.::; i- of. lands, granted bh tbe generall
gv.:rnn,-Ent to A State of Flo,ri,l fi.,r tl-,, pi.p.,II, r -,ntion-
ed. it has he-n a gigantic -undertaking--one tliat %1il r., qire
tim,, gr,.at skill and a large sum of available mo,:ey to carry
out. IV.- imuit r- lize that the acreage of ,-n,,s 2r. .nt, d I.,,.
not i.eeun aiilable. They have not been available nor sniablh'
for tihe r.:a.oIn thai- they are of the character of lin,1 ..-sii"nat.-i
a- .ald On,. flowedd" not tillable anid without ,,-,ininer-
(.i)] valutie; and,. the,.refore, it has been ii -i-. .,. il.l,:. to uitili::,: su.
l:Ends to drain .]Ind reclaim themselves; and thus thin State
has beln placed in the attitude of the man ,a ho :l.1,'ooi: to
lift himse.lf. ind,, so far, has been almost as helpless in accom-
piih-bing tIhe- ta.-k.


The :trglade-.s -of Florida cover an area of about four
thousand square miles, embracing more than one-half of that
portion ,of the State south of 1. .1.- Okeechobee.
Little effort has l.:.-i, made to drain and reclaim this large
rea. One great d;ffi, hltv 4i the way of reclamation has been
the uncertain (..,i,.1Ii,,i.i ,:f the' title thereto-no patent having
been issued by the fI- ited States government to the State of
Flir,'1,i, confirming the grant of the swamp and I.v rl.,i -d1
kands under the act of Congress of 1850. It has bho ii il.l Iby
decision of the Interior'Department of the United States that
tbhe department retained jurisdiction over the titles to all lands
granted under said act of Congress until the patent had been
'iss-.1 and delivered to the Governor of the State, and that
any orders or approval ,, I.,- d:-i:.irtmii(it of any list of land
numbers w; ;u., K i:: t., ri: '. i': dl :n :-a l .ation by the de-
partment at .hi,, ti,:-. f,.,e the ini:,-. ,f patents, without
notice. I: 1lS'7 tll.: S i -p) LUd D:i,:iito.t prepared, ex-
,amined and ...r,.:.:1 \l[ No. : i:-iii .-ii_ 2,942,000 *.-.-,
which list :-i appr v1d LCti- ('.In ni ionfii General of the
Land Officc-:ii b th. \ ii : A.-rtait Att,',rni:---General for the
Interior DP:partm:.nit and the Secreatary of the Interier, and
Tcgularly transmitted to the Land Office in Florida, which
*only awaited demand for the issuance of the patent.
Soon nftir the transmittal -of said list, th ,irNt rition of the
.Secretary of the Interior was called to the probable effect the
issuance of this patent would have upon the op-piI. interest
of the Seminole Ini.iai_, in Florida, -i.... ;in that the In-
,dians mniglit have some rights in the premises that had t 1.4 :.--
.considered: whereupon the Secretary of the Interior .- i spe r .1.-
the rrd],-r a.Ipp-r-ving said list, and appointed Major D'.in.:,i. as
Indian Inspector, to visit the everglades and inspect the condi-
tion of the coutntri as to the character of the lard,, rights of
the Indians, etc., and, upon his report, a survey was ordered of
a portion of ;:i i] lands, whidh resulted in an appeal being taken
from the findings of the Commissioner of the General Landl

Offi..., which was -sustained by the Secretary of the Interior,.
and the approved.list, No. 87, was canceled and revoked by the
Seci,-tryv of the Interior as of the date of May 18, 1898. The
Land Office of Florida was not informed oflfri;illy, formally,
'or otherwise, of any of the proceedings which resulted in the
revocation and cancellation of said list No. 87, and it was as-
sumed that the lands th. r,.-in embraced remained subject to.
patent to the State of Florida whenever proper request was-
made for such patent. With a view to perfecting the State's:
title to these lands, I proceeded ft Washington on the 21st day
of March, 1903, and was then for the first t~me advised of the-
rulincs above stat,d which had been made subsequent to the-
issuance of the original list of 1898. A new list was then pre-
pared, in accordance with the rulings of the Secretary of the
Interior, embracing the same territory as that embraced in Ihe
former list (No. 87), except that thirteen 11'1-a re tracts (520
a,:ris) were eliminated as "Non-Swa ,p L.'1l," f'.i. th.-r with
the sixteenth sections that had been -rreneously embraced in
the former list-said sections la\ ing I.':.en granted rudeer act-
of Congress of 1845. for sciihool pui os,:, and the patntm has-
been obtained for the lands emlaeeie in said list, aggregating:
2,862,2 0 acres.
The subsoil of that vast region is coraline limestone. Upon,
the surface of this, which is very rough and irreg-lar., lies an;
immense accum nation of alluvial deposits and decayed vege-
fable matter, forming a mass of soft mud from three to ten feet
in depth, that overspreads all but a few points of the i1r-t
siattini, upon which rests a sheet of water, the depth varying
with the rainfall, but seldom greater than three feet; inter-
,,r.,.,1 by numerous, narrow and tortuous channel? that form'
a kind of-labyrinth whose outlets present themselves in every
direction-most of them,however, terminating in impassable
barriers of grass, mud and sand. The difference of level be-
tween the highest and lowest stages of water is from two to
three feet.
In the year :- ., Caplain Dawson, First Artillery, made
two expeditions into the everglades; the fir. wlvas undertaken

ir it 1.. After leaving Adam's La;nu'iln-, four mihii; from
'Miami, the water at first was very shallow, but, in five miles in-
,creases in depth to twenty inches, so that canoes could be
p.:.1.-.1 along instead of dr,-ige.-. The general direction is
,west; though the route was extremely winding and c-ir.:uitous,
so much so that at one time the leading canoe was nearly a
mile in advance of the rear one by the trail, and only fifty
yards distant in a direct line. At the end of the eighteen
miles it was found that the usual course to the westward.side
was impracticable, and an attempt was made to go around to
the south. During 1i.. -:-. .., and third days the water became
too shallow to float the canoes. On the fourth day all the
difficulties increased, breaks occurring two and three hundred
yards in length, grown up with saw grass, and without water.
At the end of the day the command had reached a point
forty-three miles, by the trail, and twenty-seven and a half
miles in a direct lint- frrmi Adam'- L: ilin, when. all :.arr.s
was stopped by a sea of tall saw grass, extending as far as the
eye could reach, with only a thin sheet of water covering the
mass of mud and sand. Tlhii point is near the northwest cor-
ner of f nrinl-p ffft -thr,, range t -i it-i ,: south, and east,
if the lines were rli .d adii. about fort;,-fi,. miles south
of the southernmost extremity of Lake Okeechobee#
('ipt,1in, Dawson undertook a second expedition in the
Month of June, at which time the surface water was more
than a foot deeper than before. Following%the original di-
xection, he-after six days of great exertion-succeeded in
Teaching a point a few miles northeast of Prophet's L:n.]aing,
:and about twenty miles southwest of Lake %Okeeebobee.
'The edge of the Big Cypress was approached to within three
'miles, but it was impossible to go nearer. The distance, in a
direct line, from Fort Dallas (Miami) to the place where the
iirt,:' "turned back, was fifty-three miles (by the trail, esti-
:mated at 120) evidently the point, designated as Camp SIln,.
*on the J.-ffT.r:..n Davis maw, to which reference is made for a
fuller understanding.
In -December, 1841, the command of Major i'hilli. crossed-

SL. fo.ur days from I t Dallas to the Prophet's and Waxy lHad-
jc's landings (t .-, t miles from Lake Okeechobee), and near
Fort,ir,ta and afterwards recrossed the evergIades to
Fort. L:i..d r.i '. lin- route is about twelve miles *..a-"L'
bf, ard r, n, railh parallel to, that of Captain Dawson. The
I?'lin _1'inde wn:' a: :i .l 'a.tiin, Dawson in June, 1 '.._,
stit-:d, Ilhit the (,-,11i1_tf 1% j .r-1 i y : di in-c:.' since he had cross-
ed it fourteen y .-r 1.:,r'-, as. the keys were larger and more
nunterous. Settle .r- v. ho haive r, -i.1. .1 on the [ .im, ri r for
ten or twelve years, .islrt that tlh-. E-radual fillig up of the
ve-rglaes has 1.,e-n very :'r:'ptib:l. The filling up i,,-
pears to have been r,.at,-t toward the norti, and west. The
southeastern .portion, alwan y containing most water. The
excerpt from the m,-nCor of ti.:- p- insular of Florida (1841-
-55) is submitted i., show th_ ite0,.i1; change going on in that
." i',. of the Stat,.. S1'n- th.- i .t exploration u l .i.
y-,r- 1h~ :.1 ,1: arilnm t f,-. r rasi of fourteen years. If
from 18-41 to 1855 the changee was so great, what must iave
ie-n th1 ci-ang..s in tlI- :,:rre ,,:- nil4ng peri-,-ls sirce that timi.?
Tie ver.lad:-s hav- b::cn :r ci'.a-nd r-crocsed may timns
anrid it ,illcreut dirtiniis since, always with more or -iss
diii.: ; .'.
The few rp:,o:it of surveyors and explor,:rs addled little new
inf.-rmaition a1put the everglades, until 1881 when the State
o:ntraict:ed wifi Hamilton Disston to drain a large area'of
land bordering Lake Okeechobee and including part of the
everc,1dons. In 1880-82 a line of levels was made by General
Gilinore, under the direction of the United States Senildo, to
discover a practicable route for a ship canal across the peninsu-
lar. These and other surveys by Col. Cl,.,l' s, II,-.'lin-, Ma-
jor Wirts, V. P. Keller, J. W. Nwmain and others, establish.-.1
the altitude of Lake 01.C::.-1ol. "the head of the gladl, s" at
21 to 23 feet above tide level-the difference in levels being ac-
counted for by the di ir.-r,.nt seasons at which the surveys were'. A s l.. ui.nt 1.-.l i ..di,:in and examination, made by W.
H. Caldwell, assistant U. S. .iin."nr. December, 1901, slows
the level of the lake to be 20.42 feet above mean low water

lev:l of the ( I; if ..f M exico. L;il. 0**., r...i .. -o i-er an area
.,1 i. ..s .i.ii I acres; the bnlit4..iui i ali.l -,1in.l ,lnd mll i. -w l- utr
S ,. ii', li... t, ten feet in .1, Ptii. :.. ipt t':w plai-es ..f utiall
*, ii. n.-..-, h-. .e thl,. . llhi 20 to 22 f..,t. Ther- art: four
I r;?? !:-1.inl.- U1 it.- ..uth, Ii portion. Thi-:, .1-,d r.,lioln.
show that the i.'tt r,, of the lake, at li>: ,1.-,..-ct lio'tt, ii over
nine T ..t-- n-,ihg these deep l.a-i-, of small ar:,i--ai uve
mean low tide in the gulf. A.:..mrpmn ig thi. i- a rtile
S....i; the Kissimmee river and lakes, including Oic-,. he-
bee, itt their levels above t Pi,. ,.zf i..r.
SIn ti,- 1on'i4 i .. l;,:,i it is inrI.:r,--t ir. a I.l inILportiF it td 'rI": :-
ulate as to what would 1. tihe r.- uit w.-r- a -lip anal .ut
thz,.i::., the everglades wutli it- I.,ttom [.-'el tlirty-n nl feet
I, I. l the bottom level of Lk- Ok ...:- \liit would b..-
S.n.. f tl,. l. l- that no ul- ..-l: th! p nin-1 uair so -,siralAi
\\',all, not a canal of the .,-,.r_ pti,..n u[:...p..-:l cut all th, uu-
dl-r.-,,iuTi.1 wvt,-';,-, i and :,.- tro H !i the lakes? A pro ltikl of
it ir.-. .i.f th.e e.-rA1:d.-.s. 1. .1. \\V. Newman, civil .-ngiieer,
is also submitted hi.:-r. itli. That t,: -verla ,' .:an b-.
1. i-i-l i.1-:.-3 not -.i. i to be ,1i ott.-io'i.:, nor i, 't t., i,.
i.t. Itl tit the.simple drainage w-juld r, .l.uiid I .l tl the
-i .-. 'lit th, ii.n~.ii_ .t ', -. y roj -.. that w:ulI exbiju t
th.-. ,I.r trom Lakes Tp.:1.l l i _. prt.:-, Irt kpo<.
SIl...,.-,,,i,. ,lrii -, and d tr-., them, deserves pl:.f irii

I'ui. i' _l.,: -'.it.:in made a r..-,.n -... in 1-. t'frim
S.,1:,. .I:,, ,.:i,:,... to Shark river. James E. Ingraham mi 1l.
an o. ,| i.ji_ i..l. crossed the everglades in 18'2, ,.:. up irig
,t. nt-,- I.: days. The reports of these and othe-r- ..:oniith'm
the early reports of the officers of .|t the army ii n ivv t.; to
the character of the soil, depth of water and tin- ftrtiiity of th.
land. The report of Col.a James M. K.i :nor,. chif .,-..
gineer of the Okeechobee Drainage Company, nj.i:k in .i;:.
says: "The surface of this soil is at times e p-).:,~ d-.,d, it i.j
only ,durirr..-, or sul...,:quii. to, a heavy rainy a.:,.:n tHit it .
,..;i,1,. to penetrate with a light skiff, and thr nl,.. it. .
must be taken of the natural drains of the vast' area. I.


thln.rv a.i an absence ol ti,- ,i:n.. saw ,_'.is,., no difficulty:
vild.1 be ..:,..;i:,..' ,1 in trVa.. .;g the country in any direc--
tion. A thur tlot redi-<1t;hu ,,1 ii.. ,ifaci.e of the waters of
this ~.i --i,:,ii r o-i.l] be -,it'.ient f,,r >:uliiViation. The ,urfa-.:
of the 100.-1i 21al..- iw 11 elevated above ti.l.' ll, but, due to
the rim of out- tiOiloing lime-ro,: extending along the gulf
aid A.tlhiti.t borders, the wvat:-rs are in a great measure im-
.punuhlidi and ,itain.d at vaniii:- elevations above the tide.
L:I-:.t and iii.sur ni tit talk n at Lake Worth etaiiblish th.,
surface of the fresh ,ilti .-.f the everglades. to be 10 1-2 feet
above th,- lid- water of Ilii- A.tlaiti.-, and that a. canal 1,100'
fe t long would alforil i-rief to a vast area wuIt: ',ard. li
would be entirely i-.isill- to i, t the rim at frequent intervals-
and permit th(-e hii]-n.1.d waters to flow into the Gulf or At-
lantic. Thi- a'[ 7 iil r1salt in .:p-. ingii great tracts of soil now
Spr lict: il alu .'l, 1."
IGI. lhni:r S. TT .;:u,.., rilt u to Hon. J. D. \,:sti.,t, U.-
S. Senator. dated F.-bruamv 12. 1I s, says: "F'Tun my own
observation, -11 i '-,'iii.Anii, thie army of:p-rtihi2,' in that:
lountr (ro:,utli rei.orts i.ide by, ,nil iti'rnmitii derived from, int-1li ,.ent
oti 1rA:.i.. operated near and explored the .: r-l... -. al'
thl. i.- -Lake Ok,-.-,.l.I.. n.i hl of them, I have no -.ialt
tli,: gl.b,.- are i,_.ul ';.t feet above the level of the sea. Tie, t ,.Ir.iN I ing, I take for granted. The I i..ct ,-f
the mea-m-r.- would be to reclaim many hundreds of thousands!
of acres, including the bed -of the vi-erelad.-s. 'now-
iul..j.,:.:t to inundation for several months in the year. WVer.
the ..:mrfa,:e of the lake and the glades lowered, these fine lands.-
would be reclaimed and would soon be converted into valuable.-,
Suii'-,ir plantations, as rich as any in the world," etc.
Prof. H, W. Wiley, chief chemist, U. S. .Agricultural De.-
pa rti in:,t, says. (in the published report of the secretary of ag-
riultuir,- for 1891) : "In regard to the depth of tii... soil, it .
runs motl curving at the edges of the sand, :p from fifteern
.t sixlec fi,-t. * It may be said fht.n, with con-.
ti i, ., that in the region of the Lake Ol t-, i.I- I- Il-te land

which m ay be r...:,. ,rd for ,.i.'r n.i.ii. _"' h..; all .
'the an .,.:.i O.- -: ,-f th:- m ii..-- of Cul.,a. T-he mi u a-uICI.Lure 0of
eui. nr from HI .:an:.: .* f Iif i,-; i v 1.. _o0 trl.. .. .i h i .r-
dect safety until the beginning of F'. _;I uand th,:' i,'thi
.of February, March and April made r. .i.:i t.:Itst i.:-tivt I in su
gar 1111 f i:ttir,'."
By reference to the profile maps, submitted as follow. i,
v.ill be seen that the I n11.11al surface of Lake Ok_:-hi.'ee ik
I i',-.4i' feet above the mean low-water level of th.: (Gulf of
AT:::". r which is '',',, sixty miles v. 4t, in"'ai .-ir lino'.e a.
practically the same height above the Atlanti.:. n,-'ian, 3~
mil,-, on the east. Draiii.-, the lake :iunl thl.- er-
,]-.1.- .are numerous rivers and i,'.,-. 1. 1":iunin .it the
1,:.. i i. of St. Loi..:i- S...i on the Atlan-i... .,iou ,-::t. nd; -
ar,:iinl ti.:- southern it.1, of the peninsular to:i (-'i trluotte
H.-rl..i .:.r ti,.. Gulf, as follows: Hal.p.i;1 l::.-e. Ji,.lit ,r an 1
.ii il l...r..:-h rivers, 1.. .:- and C..pi. ir:.: 1:. \V,..t F ,rlI..
I a.ll S.-inth Fork of Middle river, N,.:w river, -,,uth foik (:,
Nw r -i. S ."'- river, Ai.-,h creek, Little Arch -rc:-c:. L;rtle
.r,-L, _rini river, C'th';, at, All.lahat,:l',e river. Shark river,
Hi U., riv. r. F tiall. ,,i river, It ,-'r'c. Ch'tthit. :he.
Fatliathih ,.. Alcatapachee and Lakpahatchee riv, W.1kivj
Inlet, (-li .n. F,d:._'-u.,i-r,. M1\ih, Corkscrew and Oaloosa
hatchee rivers, and five small unnamed -tr:nms that ftll iit, '
the Gulf of 7. ..: .:.-'. From the rapidity A.curre-ut ,in.] the
nil..-i ..,i ti': -. ,.i-r-, ...i the Miami, and the steady fl:.1
of .,t.-r. it is evident that these streams have their slnr.,-
S nt a spring-(because the quantity of water varies wit..
the -. i:..,:', in a great reservoir. This being true, then tlh
cutting through this barrier or reservoir wall, as ;.,u,.-t-1
by the eminent authorities quoted, would drain the wat -r
'from the surface of this vast area and make it tillabl.: witl.mj
in a .i .' .-. ,:!.1- ..--rir the water -'lIl'.y of oithf:-r .-t.i,n :f



.Lj Wq7 \U ru

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A oj0




IU4)~4, ~.~A. .J

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Observant stock men, and other Floridians familiar with
tih.- everglades, all concur in ',,,;t th it the i-.:ni.iation of
thL-, \,i.t rea is entirely f,:.-il.d: and that the o:':st would, in ,ri-. : \' iti the oalue 'f the redeemed territory, h.e a in:-r
.bagatelle. John R. Mizell, in a .. muini nil lii, a'li--'.d t'.
.and ,, .1 in, the Tim,.-Ui..,n (newspaper) January 22,
] ." -, ..-. : "For a I'I'', .'... i]'"i ...i -riptin. we will com-
pare ilii '1 .... i -ll .I,iiimmii: .:. I, lar, bowl with two rims;
the.inner basin consists of ]i.. i .: l:., i: ... a small island
:sea within itself. The nii, m,-] ..n.]ition .f ti.,- glades prope.
i- !. ever .iH .: t.:. *I' 1'tl, o! ,at, a r oi), the surface, un
lil il'.. nner basin is tax,-.''l ..1, it- tribl.,i :i i:- b o.,mind its ca-
pacity to relieve itself by it,. tli.. :'f .ii'-ir 'i'vn the Caloosa-
lih.hi..'e li,.pr which,flows -....1uh ito the Cullf ol Mexico,
except uii.i as i1...-. to the east through the 1uni..'ruj1-i simal!
r- and streams into the Atlantic. All th,_ -'..T -tr'ams
,on the Athid;iL._ side have been pridu'.,.1 in the pr'-hiistoric
,j'-t by some extraordinary heavy head of vot-r '.v, .rflwivng
t,, inner I.,,m,,. and 1i-, .'- unal..- t,: f,,rce ili waj ',-, wn the
S.',,l ., t: ,:i ,.. river, sought ',. i.,-ti avail l.. plai.-' s t>
l.,i>:' it-''., to the eastward across the outer basiu % 'I li has
.a jnair,,w rock-rim in most pl.i,* within a few nmilis of the
Bu.,!m'lmi~rn lti, in a report to the U. S. S.natt, June
1, 1848, on the feasibility of draining the ,v, :-i.,ds. used
the vmhu,-i1,1.- information conveyed in a letter written by Gen.
W. S. Harney, U. S. A., Jan. 23, 1848: "During the Semi-
nole war I was repeatedly in the everglades, ,iiil on the rim
-or margin at different points, and crossed it from Miami to
Shark river. Of the practicability of draining them'. I have
i qui.-in. That such work would reclaim millions of acres
of highly va luiaIle lands, I have no doubt. My plan for doing
the work would be to dig a large deep canal from Okeechobee
into the Caloosahatchee, on the west side, and smaller canals
from the glad.-s into the head of the Rattones, Little river,
Arch creek, Miami, Shark river and other outlets on both
sid:- of the pr.nin.:iibr. I am satisfied that ihe;e caniil anidl
,-, ,:oj:e opened, the glades wu.ild become dry. * *
Iu: i- in -. ii.:. that it would be the 1..-t sugar hlud in the
s,-, :,n' also int l 'ijr rice and coi,. It cou'ild, il[
that l.iI it i. be made valuable for i -, i tropical fIlt- t-
and it T- ri... I:,ul, T i .-., of i:1. present ii,, rn St" t,:-s in
which they can be raised. I do not know.
of a ;ir...i-. t that I i-. .1 as more calculated to benefit the
country than this It ..r I- the Union the
best kind of i..,1 i.'il that is wanted to render us, ".' a
great extent, ,i., ,t ,-.' the West Indies."
Thus it will ,i ..-, ti.:,t. the. drainage of the everglades is
E-il;..! :f. --.- and i" .. ti..: thus reclaiming 3,,..i,.000
acrc. large percentage *f i, '....1 be available, and the
most 1. ,i ,il.. agricultural i i .i _, the Southern states. Again,
i lIs.:,--:- h.. are now 1n -- r.- :_ 'n .., .. , in a sm all 1i the
most elevated '- .. ,' uiri!i-- them by ,,lIA; vpc-'+s-
bles that grow and mature during the dryest season ,-,f f hi
year, and of short crop seasons, hazard their entire year's
work and expenses by n _-i,.-- ,-'t1-l to plantand c,. ..rops
in the most selected spots under .present conditions,, as the,
experience .!' il,, !' i ... 1, r' witness. It is r. .:,rt-
ed that from seventy -, per cent. of the entire crop
t.,.i_.:.1 '., thi this region has been destroyed withinohe past
| ri:,, by high if. r. which is a loss to the c:tif:. of iLt
portion of our State, and falling upon those who are not able
to bear fi1. 1.:,-; of their all, amounting to ru~ than a half
nriii; n it I..c! .,- in value. This of itself would j.i- if',- the
e:pi.1i.:-, ,t an amount i.... :- a; to complete in the drain-
age ond reclamation of the everglades to protect ti,: -mell
ac-rr.:.- already r,,I.:r cultivation. This disaster oil-, em-
Sphu-i:: --the great importance of ud::'f.-rling;f i.:,i ly
oan.1 d-.rnIn:;iily to r-c.-iri tiia vast and rich teiri'.rv: and
tlpi.e foiie. I recommend that the Congress of the TJriiLt'd States
br... rnmi-.mrall.:1 for an appropriation of a million d., large to
this end.



In p nI.i n=i ,, i rl of (. hl iI 4:.3, Act ,:,f 1o il. L ai s uf Flr-
i1n ,',ppnv-.1l M. y, n.t. l.Dul n "t.. p!i,' rl.- f.r -the -Mn er e-
n 'nt and r' .air t th.: aii |utu l duwil 1 .'" and an ap-
'l!.. 1i,.-. i. t ..O.1' btor i .u:l, pur s s ; du.r'tn;; that the
G .. .:- :.or- of T e ,"i. :-. th, (',ou ptIr il-r uandl tive othl rI tit
1.,._.,:un t., 1.,, .,i -,-,i ,i? by th..- G ,.,. 'm ,ri should ,on_.itite
i itoi ,l, -i :.t i t,.- 1. 1 D1 L:, !.i :i th'. '' li: i pr .v i t -. it-

r:i0 i i,..' lt.i ,-. !i ,: 1',_ .- .; i t I o d If r. I, n .' ,r .o'f t .,: tile
ch ,irmu,, 'JT i.-. l." i ",-n to b'e s, i l ]oh-,t,-.,i hlh ll I:.; ,i' n:,s of
o f :, .i"- 1*.. &.i_,i I t. ;;'-_ tn ,-, ,:il!'r,.',:r t ,,:rtlio,. o, f tilh.: --ta t -;
th:. i.'i l. ,il : ,:-r i. .i t- r. t, -i f the ,u -n i ...l n, i n king it
rl.: daity if it h ,:-Ki .M .n ,i .' ; -i ,rl. In rrcti the
-lllea '.: ,,l-t't ll, 1 -,! ''f t': ? ,...l'tr2 [ lt ili',.- of I nh* State
in ~, ::.. .l $ i .:ll i 'tll h 1 [ ii 1r, - :' :i t ,i :. r it-
ht ,-t thi. S.- t, :A H .' i-, I .:.f ,it :t .a l.,, utr ,' P.
il.tuin ai ti I. .:::Ir.. i L u tI, t of t It ur comIm itt :e,
a dl iw.h coum i-- n t:o l- uLt th.- w,:rI : fu .:i i-:h it rir.i'nc, nt
n l r..: ., ir : ,.l .:il:e .,I ,:'. l :,r n c.:'a trit,.t' including the
.Mtiji.- n t of .ur]i a I tL.>.t. a ,I tio -5:. th' t tii : -orl-: is 'om-
p:il, t. -:1 4. t it1 d. i Ifla i i ,l ij':1 i p,"i ;.b .- .t ion i h r.-rfor,
t i, lni I-h -..l I.- : ri 1 La .-it l .:t-. 'tc'. It w ill 1.' oa i ,t' rvel)
tl. t ath is t i .If not : in ll : i'i:. i .o. l i L ci.:ty d. ,ift-r the
a-li.i urim-ft tlh>- L:li.t- ,, rn arjd tnuit on : or alout s.oid
Wlte I ,:,i.tint:. sit,:.,l ,I ir hW i llira i A. B lio:,u1t. of P CenU -io ,
(',,,li,-= Mw ,hIn ..t: rl..-n. ,:,' L t.-,bt. and II.:rb, rt J. Drnie of
L.,l:, co ini i i ',' r,. ,in M]l e co( I r,_ uni: o,,n ;a ,:,:',con itutEd
mn:t p_ minilt!;, .,nd ,ro,:. .:.,.1 t,, ,li h:] rg:,. the ,putie.d s as..ined
it: ,-nipl.ed M:r. Frank P. Mill.burn. arclhit.:t; caused to be
pr prcl:,r onl.r th.., zi.: .;,,.n ,,"i th, ('apitol Tinprrov,-im nt
(',mun h.i ,-,n, pi, ,19 v ,q,1 ;p.-ill.ti, ,.- I :;lvrril;-(d fr lbids and
let -.ut the contrat for -,l, ,.ni rirn.rm.nnt ,and r.'pairs to Mr.
J. E. Parish. of LyVahi.ur_, Va., who prc..eded without de-
1.1,- to th,, t'ulillrm,:nt :of' his -ont,:nlra t narnd ,ompl- ted his work
tb the entire W'ntit',:t.:in of! the Capit,,l Improv.xment Corn-
mnissi,- within the terr,: of his ,o.ultra(t, and' without any ad-

'ditional compensation or ex\(-,dit rirfs on the part of the Cap-
itol Improvement Commission, as will more fully appear
I. l~ report of the C.ipit:,l IniAr.':t.! Clutin ;ii :lio trans-
mitt i herewith for your i .:,;-i.i rti.-n.
It ~"il be observed that in addition to the contract with
Mr. J. E. Parish for. the,j.e!',nt !..] repairs of the
Iliilliwig proper thli. i (_'ir.lI Improvement Commission
entered into another contract for the mstallation of a steam;, 1l.l for the entire capitol building with Mr. Er-
'i,:n. who also completed his contract in a manner entirely
-satisfactory to the Capitol mrii .i'-.:it Cmii.-:iiin. and he
Swas paid in full out of the |.' :,.-,- of the appropriation for
-the L, lr ..,.nt and repair of lhei Sl.t. -. :.pit:li. as will more
fully allj,- i by the report of the Capitol Improvement Corn-
-mission referred to. It will be observed from the report
4hat the total ex[,, r-,iiIir-s for the enlargement and
repairs was $70,268.02, and tli t the total expenditure for
-the heating plant was $4,716.95, leaving a balance on hand,
>of t;. $'' all'Pr,.p1ri, um.-r said act, of $15.03.


Floi, ii. one of the very few states that does not posess a
rnsideu:c: i,,r its.Chief Executive. It nuii be UIp.,r.-int to I%--
er- one liho has had an olpi.,:rtu[ity of examining into this
.quiition and who has considered the rin:.essit>o'f a iiodern
)iorne for tbie State Executive, that such a provisiot, is not only
csiral.ile, but is a necessity as well. In presenting this sub-
j ..ct 1 J1,, not f-.1 tlhdt the same will be visited uii'-i ni.:- in any.
.per.onal sene,. and I am not unmindful of the r<:pon.ibjilities
that an alpi!:,pril.K:.' to erect such a residence carries with
it. I [.id I been ambitious to in part manage the construction '
of public buiildin.;s, the experience of the p.;qt fifk. n rionths
has been sufficient to satisfy that ambition; and yet I would
not have y''u und-,rstand that I am not perfectly trilling to
assume any duties and ri-sporiibility that such an undertak-
ing requires. It would consume the greater part of the re-

mainder.o'f mi, t-r' i t .i-'..: t.:. pr. .p, rly :i'n-titat t .yesidg4iee
and la'.- ti ror-d pt.'i r.-id anid L.e.-tmtifiti. d 1 ,m aimbi-
it-:u to' see .Florida take her place in th.- front rankd 'f St.i.'--
where she justly 1k.-i,.,, aur,'dj't1his is, opepf, the in-.:- cid-
juncts to such rank. I 'dop~uot'apdise:anielaborate,;~ p psive
building, one tl,::it -,..ld r.qi nr. more to iu.'intain it tha lt ie
salary of the Executive '':uld justify, or btio..: o .urd'i ti
the txa.l. -r of FI-,rida. I rei.oirnmend an'n u-
cient to pu'rchase*alot anndA6 er'et a suitat.l' r.,sidn: li.;r-ill,
t unpi\- tli lot Uan lbutifht tht groun, and to furnish the
residence. I hnavi" scu-lit. :-l rate. wh- ici I 'o sidvr a.,safe
basis for ithi :L-p:oditHire-,. h. h ar -s fillo s : : A T
Purchase price of lot.t ... .; :.'.': ;.. .'. $ .0 0
Inrro'.-m..t, fencing and le.iutif ing lot : .. ',00
Building F;!; .0 i .,.;.o
Furniture, ti...tur,.:, t .' .. . ,000

00 .. i otal .. ...... ..... ......... . ,0: 0,


It will b: s''ierit] A by those interested in the subibe-t-utuli-
cintly to anvi.tig/;- thet prsctt', led' dtate of ti, i, tol
building, that it will. .eabut 'a s]i.:.rt iW Wep nte 1. i ,tre
will be calind'upon t. provide: flrtl'er room in waich tpj.'ans-
act the affaiTrof state.'. Apresent'the Supreme Cout,4ibrary
is in the basement. and the State Iiliriri', is withoutg9olome.
Notwithstanding the le'largm-nt'dfhe State hou:.,9etwo de-
rart-ments are really crowded at this time, and there is a
growing 4eMan .d forl-th eect.ipo 9p jauitable buihldi,- j1t4.he
Sulprerm.) C -urt and its, library,-.nI invite,your. aIt4jpin to
this growing 'dEmnd. w-uoij 'U, T ',;! g*iv'Ia k

u i' I ,, J fdnoea, .,.
Under thie 'provisiAof l t o'f Log .Aat fi' l)1,
public buildings have been greatly improved.

Tli. 1 .'- .. .ii I i. ,' doubled in capacity ],
ii- i, -i .t f about.............$ $ '.0i0.0O
Tli, .o i lri i 'H plant, at Lake City, has
added the splendid science iJ ;',. extensive re-
repairs to dormitory and other buildings,
....... i to about .... ................... ii'
A i,.1 is F!. j, i i -ed of additional 1.,.i;11. ii -. es-
peciall i .ii .. I halL
T'h.i Normal and Industrial C..11, -. (colored) at
Tallahassee, has had two new buildings erected
at a cost of about .......... .............. 8,000.00
T1.. St i.- Hospital plant for the Insane, at (.'i t-
t..i.... i h. has.been added to by the erection of
i: I-.. building, one barn, and remodeling
h,, ... -. etc., to the value of about ......... 15,000.00
The State Normal I". .... at De Funiak Springs,
has added a gymnasium and other buildings, wa-
ter pinm+ and other extensions to buildings at
a .._- 1 ..i about ................ ......... 4.410.00
'The S,'i.iH Florida Military and Educational In-
.stitute at Bartow, has been purchased by the
SI i,.. the college i'., 1 1. l. a new heating
u'i,-vt installed and :.1, 1 _.. improved, at a
cost. of about ..... ... ............... 10.000.00
'The S. i ii of L :,iiii Et of the Suwannee
River, located at LUamesville, has purchased lots -
and erected dormitories 'and otherwise improved
its 1.i!.1 .s at a cost of about ............ :1",'00.00
.And' is in need of :further liberal l..r. '!i '-1
to enable it to carry on its splendid work.
'The F ..i1 .1i1 State College, at Tallahassee, has ad-
ded to its plant two dormitories, complete,
wlii,. 1 ive been neatly furnished and equip-
ped: ; :,i: ,l'1:.1 a heating rlit and other-
wise improved its buildings at a cost of about. 1,500.00

'And your attention is invited to fi,_ growing
institution .,.1 its necessities, which are de-
.:ri.] i of h elai l :11.. lr.trL iin-s for its main-
ti-.i :.e. It especially needs a suitable
building for library ii ":'-- i t Ir, a spacious
assembly hall, and an additional dormitory.
The In-tiitut,: for the Blind, Deaf and Dumb, at

4.t u _-,,-i.'" has ..: 1 ,i, i it, buildings tQthe
., -... .:.I ou t . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . 4 ,
*$ 1 .:'_o.i'".i
D But is in need of .-i, _.'Liii.. .i i.,,li,in -.-. and
L_..I. ,,l I,. .- 1 _.. 1: the -t l. .n i- l.. .. i .t pros-
..n!.. the study ..f i].. i: :-.1 other in--'
'dustrial trades. It needs -i.'.il.i :;,-,1 T.,il:-
:l -..' T h e w ,:i l: I i'l i r,'i. l it lil- ii, -t6l l -
tion has been -.,i-! ..:',, ,.. ., l 1i I.,lieve that
any person who .,; ri,. i u t and real-
izes the condition :- i '''.,_ n i.:.'t i.i.. stu-
dents, will not dtn I, it,. ''.... i, .-. of ,n
'Ii Mi .,to'l that Wi -i,- I h. in i r ,,"-',ri.
to 1:,,tt-r qualify tl.iii--- i:r thi i!,- w-it L
.. l ...l th em li. 1... '. 1 i ....-.mii i .l t
.,].p!,''i.i ,t be granted to i', h i : ,,1'.l-
ti., :,l 'l.._ to 1 '. i.' equip the i_-t'itil ...i
-IIl .ii i, it as its necessities demand, and
its proper maintenance r... Ii.i -.


If we would i i 1], i.i,,ir '., ..nd j.i.I I.if, h.:. pro-
'- own State of I i, ', i .1 i,.. ,' t '' f '-* , the
i.t,._I-..: it necessary to take a i-'i"- p', .'. view ,f ib de-
vt 1l.pi,:iIt ,nd progrrT of the S,:.uih1-i States. "'L.: value
," lands il.lii ,.,:,,,' ,i increased 67 o"r t.:. in the
S-'rothl; in, the UiTit?.1 SLtAc., as a whole, 62 per cent. li 1 60
th, i.' th '4l.i '. .7,,244,561.00 invested in manufacture; in
1900 ti; had increased to $i.1.'._ .,1.1:.1. an increase of
N-1.s per ..-it. The value of the products of Southern factories
,advanced during the last decade 222 per cent.


The: capital invested in lumber in the South has in. r, ar.'
from $'?., .0. i r s b iin 1 Fs to $ ?oll,)l' .0l ;1n, i- i i, ,,
priod, t- from ,10.0ii.nes to r'i0.'4n",i i ', ) b],ei g;n tl,. : ,in,.
period, the ,_,rat- .1 increase being in Florida. 1.0li. -1,1. in

the South hw Ieen th., it p- t ifu] .factors, .in the up-
1 ,: 1;. 1 oh ,ii .: l, ',j* rr ".r r ,.L ',: '-- .,f in cri,-a o f ra il-
road iN l-,,_- Ir, i.I 1 -i -*( i"' in 1 th ^. .rh ... 485 per
cent. In Florida 804 per, cent., as, against 441 per -(. t. in-
crease in the jl-h .lurii_ the same. period.. TIh av:.rje
population to bne mile ot _.r l.-[.:I is 240 in ih,- W ..t, 4-.-, n.
the South, a 41 in the N,,t t.. 163 in Florida; thus it will be
seen that the: greatest increase' in 1. ,,., in:i : x in
Florida, ad .that :we have, ir- l l :.f ro ir:,'] r ipita
than any i.,t,. r State. About ": Ir ....ult. tf tb- world'- ..i -
ton is r. I...I *n fi. S.:,uti. : _':re than .:. .-l.-.f ...f all the
standing ti 1..' in th .-ii It is I.-:'' U a
great iron .in-, steel I'. ntr t"is .c-,nt:oll 6r the
nianufacture of- coarse cotton goods, arid is beginning
the :iufi..tre of the, fi.'r grades., TL vast traffic of the
SV. -., which has heretofore sought a foreign market through
IN*Korthern p,.,rt-. is n:.iw un ini, to, t. South Atlantic and
(. ulf coast,, and hi.r- wil of ,,.,:*--' grow up a nruiJt.n-,r of
Suil ni, seaport. ':.f whi.: Florida will have at l -jt fo )r.
:;kil, ;1 nmn- r nf tillbhle land, no limit can he set
to the ,..,- .,, .. .. ,-.i) ultra pl .-.i n...-ne t with
th. -i .K.L r.1 trend of p .p .1fi': d capital and 0 ncrPoe
7in I, n .., ii l.,;| .i u hi. i,. lt cm' such a, rate of
I O' '."1 ,!, -.. ,, h ! ,: :h ,:':. r +. n itii f.r l. i, ti at,.t d.--
, 1 t. n 1t .,f nf..r .i n: o . h,: -.,ti-,rt o. i. .i 'untr',
h.,s ever seen. jt ; (. .. r r.., r.* ::]t' 4 as an established
fact -1. the.,' g, i I .-i ,in .:r,.j II be cut through
and that the r irir-.i ,,betyfen the West and the South
must be carried forward on a very broad scale, and that the
I ., .ni .j ]- 1 ,r rii ,1 -.'.!.: ,'; ii-to r .i i :- nt mruu t
;v:., ,1 .1 -l .-. . it l pnd Gn'i if port to enet,. the rapid
,i..,. All ,t cir,.. Ti- ,.' in n r r :.-:.ri front Southern ports
,i 1.i i- -s,.. i.. s; duringthe -, 4 J.:,: .: Tl,.: pIr.: -r t, l,- of
increase from 1880 to 1881 for all Southern port. I.. in,, niun.:--
ty-five and fifty one hundredths per cent. as a._ iiinst sixty-five
per cent. of all other ports in the United States. In Florida
the ports of Pensacola, F.rnr-i.ii:. Key West, and Port Tam-

pa have been highly improved by the liberal appropriation
from the Federal g,.:,.rniu:.-rnt thiro:uh the splendid services
-,f our .-Taitors and representatives? in Congress, and have suf-
aic ,- It hii.pth of' w it.r to pntl, it iiit.rr it nal '1i- a 1. to': i' r
: ihu: .:lUip l i ,: l i c ht c 'i i ,, tfh,1:.. i(f I .s fpr,
tii cL ni ro.-., ot the Stat la d i h.] -.. iir', .:u1 i1i ... I -:ity qff
I:r., ..i .iri.]t.. t t l 't e1 :1r .-.r f .A -\ 1h.,:li d !.,. Tampa
Bay, Jc ks.:n'ii'i'ie Fernandiu .a aid. Miamii. ; i;.
Flo:rid,a a i. r .: n i lthdid .r',gr. du ing, ti.: p'I t t .q
dIl-.:d !ut ti.- .iA'. l.i. .nint .4 haer;taried resources h.- beei
gr,: ut-r durin ti.- 11.1st t ,: y',.lar thaievenribeforo in L, r is;-,
i,:rn R ,-i lh,, ;.ri.ui t i railway, mining. n.ii-
ufactu ngn an il:tl r h l a itr i-. lia, g' r. I ly ,i' ,-," '.1.
H e.0 L]hiiajtionDil : -licni hais c.-Xa..l J .1 anld is forging ahcad.
i ith :,rlii-t I. .t:'.i z -:. the bus -s population. of her ei-t-
i: r,. ,*a.. d ,ii nt-rprne .. ns. the health of 1 p'"'o
p1e i- uni(: lH, :-l : i-r ln..v- ha . I i., l. rtui' Y .1,i :ci-t r--,
,i" : thc' Suipriuc, (,i-irt iia L,.: ..Lm i v .q i i d with thrL.. addiS
tional justi,,-s. and h: ouR ji:-st:a .. :dl iti:ii of the docket i'l
b't?!Mi. r 'ci 'rehived: the ,:i.,uri lini. I6:, n prompt in 1Oiir
worL, anr.l sipedial 'tee s h -iJa'- ." I h iid u he, thl..! uLAL.:-ili ,li-
-Ti.J- ..],,] it: lif,. ani pr.'Tlerty hiave l:.- n pri.te.:ti:l a hdu i h peo-c
,li, piLeriH i,.d t/rlpul-., 'ith-ir v, i. ati,.! l peaceably i: C..ti-nit-
ment is universal. The credit 'of the State is aunurpassed.
The- iijprov.ment[ tlIhr:iiugh:iut tihe State-in -nm mber/of build-
ings i.onstracted in 1' 0?2-exel.., .iamr iform d, that of any
othr territory with lib.-: populatii:n '(during the same.pei-
riod of time) ii' the World; cihurh.s and s. lool. are keep,
ing pace with the rapid upuildiing of industrial growth. The
administration of the fiscal affairs of the State has been
conscientiously and ll ri.l.rtily'p,:rtrrt -:il.

The tintncial retoufrces of the State ate likewise developing
SP'vit y tie t gratifying to note'thlat, during the past twv
yeai r t. c i n -- n, v 1' i.. .r s'ng/ 'i,]ir,. ,: a ii. ,
i e 2bm .ingl g:n ral i 1 [,., ii l' ii..., 1 ,:i,.,.,tOx; sncle(f*pt
...... ' ' i-; ,>_" ,5 '; ii.i ./,, .J ; ;! i ; ., :i

i'._ car tax, interest on State deposits in bank, corporation
charter tax, -. '. fertilizer stamps, etc., have increased $171,-
.:... 10 for the years 1901-1 :, over the u......nN.i received on the
same items for the years 1899-1900; that receipts from .1i.:-t
taxation have increased; -i, ,i the assessments have ii.._r-a-,d
(notwithstanding the deduction on ...- ...I. .:I *. -.1:ir sales
for the non-payment of taxes made from year to year, which
Were ordered stricken from the tax books by the State-C-..,ip-
troller, amounting to.about i ,_ millions of dollars), nearly
six :ini, -. of dollars; that the increase in the ., n-t of.
r';ilroads and equipment is upwards of .'.'1..,'l over the pre-
vious year's assessment; that the increase in the proceeds of
the hire of State i,:-.,.... i: .. 1902 was $121,788.75 over that
of 1901, or of any previous year; that the land sales from the
State- I ..... fund increased from 1 -11-,' "0 in 1901 to $87,-
961.51 in :'"., and that iL. I'..-.:. .- from -I,.- tax .,_rihl-
fund ii... r- .,I from $711.,'.. 1 in 1891 to $169,731.2 .
for the year '-Y'1?-and yet we have just begun. The tri-
.' i .... tli.- past are only the foundation for greater tri-
|.I. i. ..i the future. Ti.i : r.- ...f the past are evidentiary
only of the -. l,-,i required forfuture progress and advance-
ment. I What has been accomplished is the result of 'i. la-
bar and well directed energy. 'f,. ship ,,I state is complete..
It is f ..L gentlemen to -.iii n.. whether sh shall now I-..,
-.. 1 1..: perm itted to .drift 1.I .. ', i or I, .:rl:,-..,,1. .,
anjd directed to ir,..- :.. -1 to a glorious destiny.


In i' 1,, I would be ungrateful not to ..:.:,i. my ap-
preciation to Hon. M. E. Ailes, Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury; Gen. .0. L. , i -\ -'. .,t .*. i..t -,' of the-
Ti ..-' ; '-, a. Walter i,, !, Si.,, .. ,, of the Marine Hos-
pital P. .;, Hon. F. E. Rittman, Auditor of the War De-
SI.... i Hon, E. A. Hitchcock, Secretary of the Interior;.
J,. .. Frank L. C.u.i.i. 11. Assistant Attorney-General; Hon..
S. W. Proudfit, First Assistant Attorney-General; ex-Gov-

ernor W. A. Richards, Commissioner of the General Land
Office; Hon. Edmund Mallet, chief of the Swamp Land De-
partment, and lion. Eli Root, Secretary of the War ..,r t-
mnt of the United ir',.-:, for the many courtesies to me whila
at the National Capital on official business, and for the
prompt and satisfy victory manner in which the official lit,.4-
have been considered and p-.:.i .:-ii'.i.
I also desire to acknowledge a deep ,1, 1t of gratitude l I
owe to the members of the Cabinet and State officials for the
valuable and able assistance. .-i.1.ri..-1 -me in the C. f0.L to dis-
charge my duties, and for : LL .mS I J'ln 1. -.
You gentlemen, as good and representative citizens, recog-
nize the fact that all political power is inherent in the |. 'l''-
that government is only good so long as it protects the rights
of the c:,i v.-,ii.d, and,-,g rf. .-t confidence in your wis-
dom, discretion and patriotism, I am assured that you will
cr., f lly guard the in llilr, l -:. of the individual while
you '.'it.i:h i.ver the int-trc-t..,t ti : t;i!t_.
I 4, ,:.'rrn the inj-.,. honest rules and i.i 1p,]' .- of
government in what we do,. we will find favor with our own
conscience. l th people whom we serve and the God. who
watched over .1n f..:0h:- and I. we have faith to believe,
has been with their :liilb.n even to `i'i; hour in all 'i
efforts to preserve and hand down to still other generations
and pr,.plr,-s the 1.1i::ic.s of Christian civilization and the
j :'i,: -- heritage of ":2.....1 g' .in. rin..t, in..-1.1 ,,;,-, .
tranquility, maintaining public order and gL a r.i ic in:.: equal
civil and political rights to all."
S Governor.


Dun'j' i.-. -~ on of tlr L:gi iaii i .'of I'- iii, H.on. Patrick
H. t .i .u. 1.1i.l-General -. Fl.,oril-,i. died at his I.Veo near
tlhis ..i1. -ft-r a b.ri.-f illness. G-r.i Houston was au-on- the
ii,.:i widely known ,nd a hiil Tr-. ,.:,.'h citizen- .:.f the State.
As President of ti..- Fi.rt.i Senate, as Adjutant-General f'
th,- Si it.:. and in other important and responsible positions "f
tyustf and honor, a.s i:l :, in prvat-e hte Gldr.'it H'-:ut',n
rexhilit'. fl l.:,:,:- trjit' ,-.f -:h ira' t.r which won for Lim the Zood
will ai'. :.iril'i:' .-.f every one. hBis d:ath wi-as inurned by
tihe entire State..

'I -n th. niorninin of 19, 'l 01, the Capital of 'nur State
-- 1:. l.. ti he- a u.uni :eru enf 'f L '-uin m'ath o:if Hon.
Willi.riI H-. RP,..I..-. C'omptil.r -f the State. So:on the
-.,. it'1i- i> sp,: spr. :-id tlihrou hl uiit tbh_, and thn er'- was
universal u i.f and .adrns-. a, ('ai'tauiu Ri-y:noid; vas indeed'
one of ti'. mIt[ i'l -.lj d and highly e.ste''eld of our
St!,. ,H la fililAd rLi ivma :la,.,is' of trunr and honor andi had
I r''.'~ld hir. f :-.i.Il t, a i the great lakL- C.o:infrreid upon
h 1,', .1 ,1:-. ., l ] .:, infidin' v'o:n titu ',ri.:. H is r d i an
i.r.':iral.le oni.i and his memory is h:-ld in hiii, fT_'urd Ly the
i':. .1. 1. s., .. i, s ,: well,

in i.iip r 13. 1.101. H.'n. Willianm :Kinle' President
'o0, thi- Unitrd States. died at Buthtlfl, New Yor[:. trom the
effects of a wound received fro:im a pistol shot in the h -nds of
.an :i.i--inr wbile the Prsi;d:-nt was attending a public recep-
tion ch''TLn ir him in tiie T.:-mipl of Music at the Pan-Ameri-
ca;'ii Expo'ition in Buffalo, New York. This lamentable trap-
edy cast a gloom over our entire country, and the expressi.,,s
and manifestations of sincere grief were unusual, as the Presi-
dent was cordially loved and admired by the citizens of the
w..hole country for his generous, warm-hearted interest in their


welfare, his devotion to duty and his able statesmanlike course
am a public official anu] hia purity of character as a private

After a protraefed illness, the death was announced, on Jan-
uary 24, 1902, of the Honorable John L. Crawford, who, since
January, 1881, had been Secretary of State. For a half cen-
tury he had enjoyed the absolute confidence and exalted regard
of all the people of Florida. His amiable disposition, his na-
tive ability and his spotless character won for him a place in
the hearts and history of the people of Florida equal to that of
any man who ever lived in the State. His public career and
private life, are worthy ol emulation by those who have high
ideals and honest ambition to serve their country and make
the world better for having lived in it.


-Pardons, ReP~ieves, Etc,
As required b- S,:-ti.i II, of Article 4, of the Constitu-
tion; I herewith il.i,i1 .t tabulated statement of ri. ,,-, re-
mitted and reprieves, pardons and commutations .r it.-
since the convening of the regular session, of the Legislature,:
of 1901.

Name. Crime.

T. B. Brown ........... lanslaughctr .......
H. Bessrong. ....... .. keeping house of ill [1.1.-
R. R. Richard ........ Manslaughter....
G. A. Lewis ......... Manslaughter ...
Robt. M miller .... .... Larceny ...........
M. .oleman .. ...... an-laughter.......
J M. Kelv ............. urde Cnom by o' i i ... i I
V. Jones....... ... Assault 1 to commi : ..-
P. Owens .............. Manslaugh. er ......
Ben Smitl .... ....... Rape .............. .
R. M. Parkerson...... Larceny ...................
%A 1 d d

R. U. narrellt ....... ur .'-r in 3lU u. eee e. .
M. B. King ......... Obstructing an .rn, .6 .
E. Brown........... Murder in 2nd cl,. ...,_
S C. Carter...... .... Arson .. .... ............
S. C. Mercer...... .... Drivingcattle on railroad
P. Sm ith ...... ......... M murder ......... ..........

H. Lenox.... .......... Assau't with intent to mur:
Pat McHugh........... Malfeasance...: ........
Ed Church ........... Breaking and entering.
J. l-. Stafford.......... Murder, and degree.
J. v ranker............. Receiving stolen good.
T- W yrick.... ......... Perjury..............
Wm. McCune ....... Robbery..........
Tom Jones....... ... Falsely perscnatingoerc.lin
E Hankston...... .... Burglary.............
C. W. Carson......... Grand embezzlemen
W. Gavin ............. Murder in 2nd degree
W. A. Burnes ........ Ca' yingconsealed _r_,'r.
R. Taylor.... .......... Robbery.............
Win. Roberts ......... Murder with recom'd i, i-.n-
T. Sallers............. Breaking and enteri'u
J. J. Phinizee ... .... Doing business without lic's
F. W. Baker......... ..:1 assault to murder........ .

Sentence. Date Sentence.

,, , , i e l ,, .

S I i ... 8y . ..
S.. I 8m .1 ...
.1 , .. I 1, ,, .' .
I,,, J ,,,

2 rI ,ill i el 181 .....
i ;r . 1 i ,... Term 1808. ...
I Term 1899.....
I erm 189 ........
2 r .. 1l I erm I 18 ....... .
n ,, .. ... 'ii.. Term 10898 ....
I 'I.,. h I. ll erm 18 ........
l r ,I, T erm 1898 ....

i .. r Nl..... Io I ierm i89o ........
'* r.,: u.: .. .. II r .1, lerm .. 01 .....

iia. ii I" .I l erm 8...........
I. .te . .. .i.i n,,, T erm 18o9 ....
, l_ .i ,l r i . . l u I l e r m . . . . . .
i rn .... ....
I .. Ternm 1899.....
Sears l.......... FalI T eri ..... ...
i. I_ luly I T rm i
..... ,eI ,I i erni j886 ... ..
L., 11 I erm
..:. 6zear ................ Fall T erm i....-
t.n,.,a n .. July Term ....

Date of Pardon Etc.

I I i,'' *1 I A pt, i :,, i. yui.
i -. ,, i a y I I I
I', r,,.r-., ,1 i 1. ,.

I ...J .1 . .- I 22-,
-I .. I I... I p. rdon .M y 23 1Q01.
Cunditiondl pardon May 4, Qo0
C( -.. Ii-i-., ,I ardon May 2,. 190. '
: ..I..r.. ,. I to life imprisonment June
5. to0I.
Conditional pardoo July .3, '190.
Restored .Jul%' 1 0, o1.
Conditional pard 'n July 3. 901.o
Cold tonal nai don .July 29, 190I.
Pardo eq August 8, g01.
Pardoned August 1-, 1901.
Pat done prltmberl 3, Ig0o.
Commuted .... .. i.. $Ioo sept. 9, loot.
Pardoned October i, eul.
Pardo. ed November 28, IooT.
'.,,..i;i ,..ial pard.,n February s. IC,o2.
I "*, "' ..J January 4. 1Q02.
I' l,'-r"[ January 17, 1902.
1-ardoned J umary i6, 0o2.
I ..j.ii', .. ,i pardon February 5, 1902.
I I, r.-..1 I'ebruary 6, 1902
'.... i.liii.,) i pardon February 21, 1902.

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II i. I ,,'h ...- . year 1 i n I
,-,t,.ra... s is..l Gr,h .' ,,T ...... : ] h. I..,u,, 902 ,l" I. ., 1'u I . ,. .
M manslaughter ...... .. ]., .u years I I I ... 1, 6 .... .....< Lond{[itiolnlal par on] 1 l ..H ., 1 i '.,


Questions of Vast Importance
Handled in an Able Manner
By the Chief Executive.


No Commonwealth '. his A4. -A,-as M1ore
To BeM roud Of. Y

Governor Jennings Outlines His Policy on Various Matters---The
Indian War Claim, Militia and Ex-Confederates Pensioned.
Free School Books and a Democratic Primary Without a Poll.
Tax Prerequisite...-A Document Full of Brilliant Suggestions.
T iln 'l i A,-,e A. i ,i ".- G ,)'v .J e n i n n g "
n.-fs'.. t. Lhf Legls .is turi IE%? -in nlw.-
.one. .11i i- r.r-v ,ib-r : --.:ne c- f the ln 'tlm zt
01.).V Of+r.? [ i-iat was wr Lre-M nt--l '> t11
Lr:,,J>" ,?, lu ],- :ki- i E vE1r.. Ind.,-A .rt in ln t
.pu n,, .i u '[stln is' I Lh 'l'h d. T"i- inL."--
|sage, in Btrn It S f,.l',]-v.s:



Tue Ah'trou-l-is tD-.111" tULi fiTh .-so a rP*-
ti .e. ,- G.. ... ..-. i u '' ; -,-' ." -. -. -' t Ih
Legiiisl-itutr"e, 7. 'ril i, -.'ti T. r -Ai. th ,::'n-

idJ -it.,u','b "t ':i: L ir .,.'l. intl :,,, T ri, i- e

i f.e i-' prirt.:d j4 f.i'll.l -'.'idd tli l-T:k i u , tLiIn i. *',10 ,, a " dirnar' niew -
rpaie-r. T'F e _.r-"'' rr .:. i, a i t'it .:it 'f ;Aing
intt' l t; r at.-' t
h ii o a r.:. ii ti .. *l .: t .-' t -.; ..- nt rn ti.:.,n
tn'it.,dido i"n t- ,e -. Nr l .6 n ie i wil
mtc-t -rith ih.- g'rni-riL iT.,T,,.v ',: thie
,pe rl:l,,, A-r will. i .f! 'rF,,G iLYIt b in-
d: .r -d -.1 the L-gist. irt:.
T'iT e 'G.:.T-.'ntri:r sl -.:.'.. T t it Fhlri.T i i. ;r
acn admir .11.- rirr 1.: *:":-rr li.:.i, and hi c
spe-yks i-i pra'.- '-" .'1_ "'Tri'' d [palt-
irienrc s l vi lth St ;Lt.:-C. -.~ r.rrni' tR.'t I[ i
.. i,.'li:' gr'.tif.iri' 1'' :h thht.iit tli-
chief i. .x-ci U'.:- .:.t ir s' -h'j.
'bc~ks far f .C:hildr,:r.,Cr,'-n ii'iTS for tire ;1-
O ,ni',.-ratesia r Id a. j, ll>eril ro' I',r
ward's th.: St.'tEv 7i1 -.
In trucrliihin '.r.p', ture prim ry .
w thich th,,i C!.,v. rr. 'J i f r i firv dd ., -
'ia a'j: it'e Di t art -.. :' .*:nt t L
piyirrenrt p 1.:1i t.'I is 1u, '-: ,-,,ar T.-Ih
Go'verrin:.r 'is 1t..' 1i ':nrirind.-d for th's
p '"1i,:.', ' tiln,:- i W t s'h :,il I... It ,, nIle,]
,h,-ri': ," i r- 'iT : .:m :r.It C'i i,:l*d' -r,. !L .;-
t,..+. 'li'r 3 ,rrirru.i r.-iLlr:"iL l' i: Zira .* r, :,ii
Stax 'A i t. ,- -.-- m c r',t .'.' p,;:. niy
carni.iiaiJ tLe. V.'l'i. n.l i .C- form oft r.ri.'Liret .
If -the. idt'.ia ':'f (-'' 5.trf':rr JnriniT e 1 L ti i1
Seg T.l is .u'rj,?,i -1., ul. it i 1.yild D..- .U 1It
, in a 'full -ri -, *-ri t1' ii -i'll .:.f t'he
p,.Ity .it tihi '0'Ll. and til, Se'lciiC'li of
tih' c']iici r C'i DEh nim,:r.'::, Theli '.,:-
ernr:,r v r.:.' Al y h.t.rJ-.i'. thile Indi,.iin '1air
S'fund, buti ilrl ..l'? i ; .'il'l t.e o l'.po,:i d b:, a
.lJrg'e ,el' n-m irt.

'Ther is an up'i'.'-n ' a li'l-era ap-
prr:.ap.rjo:.ri hi:.oil.i b naide for a credli-
aiblho .i'r lai,' at i,,- St.,-' ".a' next
year, wi-ui i; Mn.:. *Onri' *i th? su'g-
g E" i~i,'S. r ii[' iji .. lrc ti;n, ii..w-
S-rr. T, r- I nTi't r Lida.'i.j'r.
1 'htr 7'-'l: mn 1 i i E'versi'i'.is hasi -
dl-di i .r- .ri .'e n'.Lirnr.'r, and G,'v.
Jennr.g3 E'hrn-s ilxrt ',he piarn-; for rn..
dr-a ining .tf LhiJs ar-t 'ar,. is mc:'st fe ible

T iknr al t.-.e-* thr-. thil.-' is .:TEi
't. .'t r-. l i : I- iL.:i11 i r it onr tr." .:-c :i.
* Coutii .c. w.-h...- lmin rinirtr trin 'nas L...:-rn
n" l-t iT.:.:-i r'ili tr or1i111 .iI t ".:.ri IF-

-- L .-l'. I:. iV LilT r ,t ...ri bl-. t11 C u'p4 p.S e It I il. bi ut it will nra,t nrin..,' of
tr.i-.m innito l.i-an anri Fi-r'a v.i iriue tI:
ir., [t.-.l thril- r :,' The M elar.r.p,,li c,'n-
,T.iil"iai. S the i..:..rn.r.

STle G,.'x in'i'ior 'ha rrlht to bp
t hlias uai.Jmni-o.trati.n. He .showed hiw ui-
's.t c gr? tiflialoi.ri in his nriesagie to-,ay.



Gov\'ernr Jenningss' dictinary doubtiLsily experiencing
that tired t'ehInrig at.,ut tnii time.

There- is on*.n gowd thing about th G)overnor's ms~.a---r-.n
,ne- i.s likely t.., swalio It whole. and whlio.ver perits's it in- full
will certain-l he ca wv li-rea,in man.

'/ ^ t^ ^' .

Morning News Building. Savannah. Ga.


/ THE IESSAGE OF GOVA. JENNINGS. The Go.eri'Cnr ianits a bard ofr
The leading features of th message IejaliiationL to oequaize and det:ruinne
rf G.:,v. Jennis cf Florida to the 1?the value of, real estate the different
L i.i-ature a.. the ti.-t, financial _ountlCeS. No doubt suc a. board would
..ndi.rin, .sul and t :-:a i- ult in Ii"i,: goid for the r'Ia- or
must b.ed .r.i, i ad Ft.. .ain. i that there is great i'-i.-iuality ir. the
n u he b g I f ;a IUIt i t.-) F r d a .'t- It to -.
know -tht t finn. l L..nd n Z of a sesment of re state the as s
the i. r -t'te is -0 ns,,:cl. iio t- te r t n sUoL b u .te eirng rIn.t..-
debt i sn-mall that it i- t felt to be hiTher in prpor-, on to. the real valuee
a burden, and r G.../ r says that that n others. Arn, he reco'-nirids
hI lie L ofne tirE', ran.t m. l S. It y5 doubt-
the pr..:.-ds f nlom the "i ,-.f the stat. 'e turitf:r n o.i r.incsa se Ie t er: d uult-
nris.onr ...t the rniE thr ar I f i i are as yet ifery vala-
of01 the prisene cCn011: i I suffl- abIe il F rd-that F i** road
cieiit t,- L.ay it. He r, n:rnmmend that t drnc.hL-lis, ut no d-Ld they have
that n-,:mc, of p.-t:,ing, t be adJopt,-i. j-' I'.e -tlu .1 M ary a t, e ros had
that the r.:-- pl- ill t1 e relieve, d from a p-retty 1- rd time of after the de-
fpa'inig nrit-r t. strution *"f the orang groves until the
~~ The t :; rLate i-'t i ea.y. [ is ornl. d o''':," t f i.,o ph [, but the tl-
too an.-J a bhal n1'ul onl the dollar f-ir ume -,f thc stat-'s products ha\e in-
the gYen. r ai fund, and it is Fxpected creasrd .,_ti,,riully within the last
tbM it t -,ll ie ,uted in the near u1 thr.E. y'lar.' and. if the fran-
futur L' y.- not of r'n ch ilue just now
The ension Syvtem s rns ta t.e g ,-, i,:i be b.for. /very ion g.
ting a little burdR*'. ..- '-.- vmessagf Is a carefully prepared
, tax fr tia t r puer i e *; i i t n t. It contains a great deal of
eLtig-h t,. r'ee, the. dieaitdn ii i *. i iornaition about the state's affairs
abd lit pe-Sio n r. is steadily at it is nef .-essiy for the Legicia-
ring. The -i nubi r if r- io is. are to hl1ae and the recommenidatlonIs
-"as 7;I.. Last .e-ir it vwas l.M., and lI appear to be wise tones.
. leijl; i ule.i ,iig. The ta- yiele s less ~- : ~ -
tlian litil.uI) hiiand the expenditures at
the presirit .time i '.e3'. SIT liO,) a
:ecar. It h.i become rie-e-sary to ill-
c hase ti.:- pei nl.i tI and the Gov-
et nor r.c:o Iireiila that it be made twwo
m' ilis on 11ith- d lliin.,

---- :*-AR'L8




Chief Executive Gives Thirty Thousand
Words Of Advice To State Legislature,
Covering All The tails Of His Adminis
traction. Fine n addition Shown.
Pay Entire State lth I dian War
Claims And Convicrij ,
Th.- l.:0.i" i ;ebt 17 ts zt ? i te i1)
Tribune Bureau, 0.);2, .1'. Thl-i Ir, l. Lr furIrL
Tallahassee, anm.:j-u.t t o .f'; 2.94. from -hi.:h $S,-
April 7. ,Ri : i. i r r .'r~ -- i ,f t : ale O
G d'c,,er.'or J iu'-ini -' '..-si_- r'ags 'l .i r,; ', .-in ,:..t of thi F ce3nf'.
St i' l't -'l t, rj lli houf'. o r 1' L-g- f uI-..i shuLul .1 .. I.. d t10 hl- Chol061
i-t'-tthi, to,,.1.:.'. full.1s: a& d Al. 1 1: :'", '; 0i should he,'
S .:.-.nt; i,. v *:.., r thirty thou :,j.j p1.ilil t, t e nt r .~tl i Ini.t*: '., nrn t t'undlas
\ r,.i .n i .lv t-.:.t- I larg'Il:, to re- -,s a .'m pr, ian.l n in it .ind 5,3261-: '
e -rni. or- :. r t is of in- urt- r.ii. i p,:l- t. ,.i .. t... th_ .-r l f. ,d. .. i.
I,:es i...:n e c-n- ex.p,.Jieir. The balance of sa;d fund and the
DEVOTE WAR CLAIM FUND I proceeds of the hire of state convicts
TO PAYMENT OF DEBTS. I should be applied to the payment of
Tli- Go -rinor ar:.- tl,:,t no -Eat.l In the state's bonded debt, which would
ti. .. nir:.n hr '.L b-.-rA rir 'i l'.i t- t,, entire, pay it off and leave the state
i,,g t 1 F -I.r,. TIe ..i-bt o .absolutely free of debt.
the =r.lte is rc-nt 'I.1 Its -lu. l inal Th-i Gf ,'i or i -iKes strong argu--:
furjds. TIl .r IS .. n a i ...I r. lebt. n'ent fol this .diil.o. tion of tlhe monetorey,.
W rr ant Issied. b:, the l .:.mii,.trol ir In order to reduce tiax t;on, ard, gi'-e
are ICci-pt-'i at par e'. -i-''r.l'-e :,nd the FJlorid:la _:-ealti n l coi gres.s full
proimiptly I aid l y the Tr,-5urer ur-pon credit for obt.inrring the l-Igllatior'
prese-t.atlon. All- of. the state fu dls necepsaEy... to secure the Indian war
ba'T-..iiclrnt .,',rie,: to ml( Iet ,ll p'ro- clai- mooney.
,per..f-iandliuonlt. ASKS FOR *APRRATIL..


T The me, oge asige for an appro- DWELT UPON AT L&jH.-
priatlon of 70.1hij, m.:-t th- In r.,,.:omln i iis t h- I rAxat\- .oC
riency in thi- peh.sion fiind.. r,-hicl, -ill fr- .c',,seo:. th.e Go.rnoir 5 .y : any
he cau s,.d for this yve r by *in in.: e.f- :.- I", et it? .' .,-,.:tr.1 IOr.'s .insg
of pen-ioners frr.n- '7.',A ; 1 g 1, l 1t-, l fr , s . vx !- .u .:r.r ..3.Ai r .v. .3 i -
in 1902. He tp kS o' the p- ni i.:-r. roil a'' i' ,:r..r tr. Co- n ,pl ,th thed m-
,as r',!I of honor ai ,. ilrg-s a lh l dil tutic..-,il rae uir -e e..ts' ri ..a, unirl-ni
pol.k tu. ard] the ',e. In- r ,: t-i to ? .ifu, .h I1.rg .1:i
SdiLan anrd Mexicn r ar s.oldi rs I ha1 'ro r .u f t.L uf tI- iff rt to I .x f! -
sailor- and their '-. 1. ... s r itan i,!e iuej .- id incr -
FOR JUSTICES NEXT YEAR. "'Tfip '-oirt --t r.-:,rt ht''.-e u-.
The n'rltLir ..l t.,i .ii f i -f lh nthlr ,c' r.i-d -.'..,- ,f ti .- I. IC,.'--" 1'
state furl. are -. ,'leA:rly, .aind not-.lo -I t. he ... [ t.:. ;r.:.-,. for th: cj?-
in dt-i-ld. s',L snII itr ai-i.1 t:x:' tiol n orf r l ';lir-li'is.- I
He *oInstru-,l the' conitituti;o nl
anernimeht ' last year as requilr- ae :-ptedl by the Legislature of the.
i.g the elictlon of tuir.-'- ljupre-nie court St'ite of Missouri, approved March 9,
justice. s e ixt :,'" a. rer_.,ir. ir 1 l)1, -.'hich provrildes in part, that the
Jeisl.ive prci',.'i.n f..r the _-in- fran'i hse;. other than the right to be
He rect'onni'erlds that an lssistant a coipornrtionl, for building railroads or
and secretary I:.i allo-t .d State A .i.'it- raillri-,d il.' ges. telegraph. telephone,
or, callijig attention to the lniport.-,e Ao.nduilLS. eletri-c light and gas com-
of this office. The gr-e-tiy inicr.iased panices *:r all other similar corpora-
.duties of the cabinet :.frflcers and other tiin.= ontning, operating and marnaging
state orffiials are dw.elt upton -1Id it is rputli:C utilitlles, or all quasi public cor-
.re 'ornrnended that thie or .:e r frc be, l poAtl, n posseEsing special and pe-
inicre -d to mnet thie -reater deii .nd. c. ilar ri'vlleg-, and utilized by% law
A STATE BOARD OF t,:. per':.rrn any pubic service, shalt be
EQUALIZATION IS NEEDED. ,assesed for the purpose of taxation,
The Goveirn.r ils r.tteL'nti:r t t- aa d st the same lime and in the same
fact that, sinc: 1S7-'. there h.b r;'eli i rrn.rnn-r as other property of such cor-
no state b-ard .:,4 ,li izas tori r I porations: and] thal there shall be
action ,nld sa.ys th 't it is tLite that there a le-:a y on the asseesed valuation of
.a'.s sonie pc'- er ,1 'r o rdu" :. 1 1'u liza- h fralchlEIs. aWt the sate rare o01
tion to letercmine t'he ri'l 2.llu'tit,'n ,f i. as '. Rn..y be levied oin other
ref:l '_-t t_ irn 'iff t i_ t '.:.i,-i t: i-re- .,.. ard requiring the authorl-
vent the- p-li-v of local depr-iee,' ,P. '. orlzerl to nakq sucb assess-
valuatioc). The law etnpo. .' ,.-. ascertain, fix a nd detern-mine
.bo-nrI of coui. ty 1.),n ,., ... ' vaIlue, for taxable purposes,
equalize 'a-ti ttionq Lh-i... ,r- ,'-. entire property of such cor-
utl oWTI-I -I ..i prop.erta .here t 'r os tangible In the state, and
I is no a .ith.-rit' v. t-d, ith thi ., i .- -'- , to assess the tangible property
l.power of eiqu-lizing o i t.-ceril-ling'.- -...-a.'a t,,o e,-lu>t the amount of such as-
real valatirn, of 'ef l eir:,te bet.t-.e-i sessnient from the total valuation,
the .J[l'iffr.nt. connrrii-s. ard. rci entr the renia inde.r upon the
NotI-.-i'ht,nndln,_ the ztate has a six- as9 :Esi-nent list under the head of
ed mili g-2 or rate Cf tUisai..n frAr "all other property."
state pilp..'-'s ."' S'.s thq e it ;, e. '" **It' It is arrnarent that such a lain Is
has -been s,.-ertaired th:,t. under our necesvt.ry In Florida to enable those
I resent s..t-nim of V l.ti-:n. p>.|,rty .-"irged vifth the assessment of prop-
ji. Some on 'f t-I1n- .oiitI- i S'' J st erty to comply with the statutory re-
9iT per cent ft' its alu.-. while iii other quirenient of asse.sing property- at Its
counties it i. as s.i.-,d jl le-s 1 than it trie *? ah value,
per Cent. of it- v'aite. Henc.e. the urg- I The in.-rease of woi: and the needs
ent net :eslty o ,f p, .er t.1 e'.l liz,! of the State Insane. Hospital are de-
-and idetrTnine v\l. tions, to conform tailed with a r-jquei-t for liberal treat-
. to the o.bns.titutionsl I .'-.iirieit Lhat ine t froni the L,. lislFture.
the Legisla.ture shEll provide fo:r STATE RECEIVING MUC i
uniform and equal rate of taxation a-il MONEY FROM CONVICTS.'
s cure just walui t.ons." Ref'erring to the St;ate prisoners, It
'"Therefore, I recommend that a state is shown that the State Is now reeIv-
board of equalization be created con- ing $i.,<',itt) p.:r annual for lthe con-
slating of the memb.:rs of the board of. victs. where It hlis never, before re-
commissioners of the state institutions ceived over $21,.000 a year, and has,
and that they shall be clothed with all several years, paid for their care. one
necessary powers and duties to equalize: year as high as S2,J.-46.5.
and determine valuations of real estate
between the various counties."

lre Se. the& Sn:erf,fwbt .,.\
*vill -ielid .about. 'Gt:O1" (estimate.d)..
for.feach' of the three -rema'ining,vears' ''4
of 'this contract. This is, equivalent "".
to .about a. tw-o-mill tax on all tax- \
able values of Florida, as appears 4,
by the assess ment rolls."
S"There fore, If this amount T a, to
be distributed upon, the basis of *
uiation. tIhe' county. C oiTnisr-rioriers ,
oul.] o trnplte tmat h on'e .:_er-
tai'ry l e .h i rn-iint to be realized- from
tlis o.ul:e .-1. could' t:ike th"- .a
into cori.l.-:r,'tion. in' fixinc- the ,mill-
'age for .:uirt-,' pr rposr'. Other. ie
* t i 't- i mount "o)uld still he Ltbje'ct to'
change : anyr, timrr, by death, pardon,
:or ex-irationr of tlie term of th pris- __
"Tni,- l.,re, I remon- ..1 that the requiEite to participation in a party
I lsw i. r d an rnip .tiA;t r primary election. As it is apparent
be hr i u.on. the- -, li-ai of pr-op- that this tax '*,as not intended as a
rty .if th- iius "i-c .nrl, l "- party measure, I therefore. recom-
ear t rh.- tv .xrls. i mend that the feature of the law be
A IJotI. t. regul:,t 'tr,.d prohibit hild
OF JURORS AND WITNESSES. l1:ir in fc?.,r; i- r m ,-nd I
"It 7ill Ibe orser'e.'d. by re-rer-nce to SEVERAL CONSTITUTIONAL
the Copr.troller's report that the AMENDMENTS SUGGESTED.
Stnte l..idJ and -. lil-S .JJ r,-:.,nin,,i l.iri: n, n.. ra. .i for a
ing tile y-,r 19_ i 1 o.I.,5.94 out of (cn'ri tut, airei l enit pro'-i.rne
the general re,.'-nuc fund -,f the Stat. i,,.r a Stit:- rtttturin-v i, ctl.-., Se.n, atrial
The .:Oats onr icoOjiit of criminl'ril pr1'O drri -t.
I utitl s during the year .r1', a[ppro,:x- A .' a c,.r, f;tijti- oi,:l :.m-n.Jrn-it
imates lh- -hame amroujit. Thereffo:re,. auth.:-riz;ng thr- ,, mp ,itil. ,of t -ix
if the ofr... -d the hi- i of the State .,. all .-:or,...r:tte rr-r,.)-,.1- aid on
prisoner, 1. to. be appll--i on the the- all Inherit)-:+; nitn. -r i s.
ory of -'tvl-a i the _co t of criiniinal The re -rtlrr it.-,i of, t .jo. tr[iitt irn
pr-o e'.utioC. I suggest th't t i v.'ould Is urpg d. a ure f.-.,..l In. '.: 'ani pr -
Iontl, I.e jIst that one-half of said *;',,,:,r. for '9 e.-- ,:l.-,i.. it of tc he
pr.,:-e-d 1..e turned Into rth- ge er, l 5tte are re- .m-nin .led. Lik i se
revenue fund of the State anrid the la- ,-'s for t ie nlrpetion. I,. tl.0e State
other half .jlstributed aii ing the va-j r-l t ,-* f d.]-.tu_=, o-,, ;,mnli-
Srious -:ourtie i .n ._..1 I -c.i. g'.
PAY OFF ENTIRE DEBT .- Go-rn.r re.-,,"rr.eds th-t the
GOVERNOR STRONGLY UR(,;. , itJnal, ,'r'or-ie for
"A rn.:-re Important dm rid, h r of the State
e'er, ir ert-' its 'elf to my mind-t r rr nd
pamnier-nt anrid discharge of the ne n r.-:i' '1 id,:.r.-nei in
debt .:f the State. I ha-e called at- t-G -nei ar ind of-
teritiri to the fact th-it the baln .. T
of tli IdtiiIn War claim fur.d should Wr-,- OVERNOR SAYS
I:,-e .,pii-.l t.:- the raynr-ent of our ABOUT GOOD ROADS.
b..'r.ied .- l.t and that. the pror.c ;s ,n the -:il e.t of g..,,d r-:d. the
o-f tli lIite -:.f the Strate rilsor eri-i for a1cl. .:- of -7:'.
the i -r' thr-e :ears should pay off the t is mrv .pinion thi-t the B.-.ards
1renni-n .i f.,f that bond-id Inde-tedi- of Co rintt ir '.'om rii,',.r..-rs ':f the va-
t'S-s alnd this relle.-e the tax p-vers ,.Jtus counties ch ould e en- '-'ered
fr:.n. tl-e. lirdien of debt and the in- tr:. rnte by L-i.:-t In the necessary
t-ie. t Tliereorn. and, in l\ve' of the fuLndis t-) e-stabil-h and inaintain a pol-
ft"r-'i th t the ii-a untie! ha;ve n':,t here- i,:z' .f p.r .1 i 'ent ro',, .:..ristr.'5 tii n.
t.:f.'.e- r..:ei -i : suLffriclrnt sui n froi in ri -pl,r n anrd rspe.:.-'.:-i on i :dopt:-.d
thi 'uir..e to even he :oiisldered in lit the LegsqI.atijrA. ifr'ter c-'nsiilting.
I tei.- l.J.g.-t, it rould no.:t now be a skilled nd e '-.,erien. ed engln era in
serious !' o, to them. I ench ',ork. Urider uijr t'orm of go,.'-
-I ,.rnetl\-i recommend that a l..' errnment. I believe the ocr' r t.o- rIise
be er .'.'el applyingg the entire Tro- nr,-,r.ey for ior.:-] purpose? should be
ceed: rlTr[ing froin th.: hire of St:at I e.e: in tho.e; err,," .:- -'re and bur-
pryo'iers to the p-iymenit of the blond- [,ienr d itht the re |iori-si:.ility of ea;-.
e.] ,jelt r the State until the l9 t pending it. I f ail to s any good
,...,'- is ', paid a-nd 'i scharge .l- r.-aron f.r the St.ate -t.o i-,e one a party
ELIMINATE THE POLL TAX to the hardJling of =u.:Ih rnmoney:. It
PRE-REQUISITE IN PRIMARY. must be raised by tFi.ation, and the
in expre-;ing hearty approv-il of the distribution is e.-penis'e and is
primnai el.-etion l-.w, as it prevails In fraught ..with danger of art ueciqual
Fj,:Fr.1,. the Governor says: a return and distribution. as is now the
"Much complaint has been mde e .
about the provision of the law requir- (Continued on '8th Page..)
ing the payment of poll tax as a pre- '. ,

(Continued From 1st Page.)

experience in other funds to be dis-
"I therefore recommend that a law \
be enacted establishing a uniform sys- QO,.. L MA. J. .
tem of road improvement, outside of -
the incorporated cities and towns.
prescribing the kinds of material that The Governor's Message
must be used in such work, defining
a standard road in width, depth of (nove. D,,l Jeuiing' message t t ie
bed, etc., as may be recommended and
found to be necessary for the estab- le'hilatUi't 0.itaitis Ua great, deal l
lishment and maintenance of a per- vlualle irnjrti.n aud is a ver
manent roadbed, to be approved and
accepted by an engineer before the -able Itale pa jer. A11 rn rh imrpor
money should be paid out of funds
raised for this purpose." tatt rtfornuDniDlioi are-
DRAINAGE. OF EVERGLADES That e lUdian war claim rfiind be
After tracing linutely' the efforts a)Iplpid t the state bonded.flebt, and
made for severt r i drtii, thps alw the p vceeds from the ire of state
follows: c'.ticts fi the next. three years,
"Thus it will appear that ihe drain- which ill\ .. .. the_ ilh
age of the Evi-rglads is entirely fa- whth .tie ,,t the .t.
sible and practicable. thus r claiming That lthe Vevy fur pe-usious be in-
3.76),0009 acres, a large percentiee o" .
.'hlech would be available arnd the most creased frIo 1 to 2 milis, and that
availablee agricultural land ,I ihe the pnin I %we 1.aa ri so as t.o
Southern states. Again,. tcho~e. rh ,
atre now undertaking to re-.laim, in a pI ruJit .,Idiic- oit Indi u and Mexi,
small .'ay, the mozt -lei'ated tracts, ,can IVO- t ,d 1| e
utilize l:y cultiv'atmng -ege-tl.I..- that An ;' t tl penio *.
growv and mature during the dry-sr T Thatt ...ue bi i schop, be centrally
Season o-f the ,year. It it rr.rt.-td th"t i -1v.e L V
,from i., to 0 rr cent. .,: th-, entire l "' a th -':'tei auly.
crop planted within tnis region has ri'. ilit h t lthr- le a -litle board of
been destroyed during the la. if i -c
by high water, which'is a lu 1 ,' 1 -.iZ:tti,_,0 n ,of ax- Ih, orue Counu-
b lab tatr ln I... t V Irope -. I spe sld .a 90 per cent
State. arid _f-tling upI thi- i.,' -
,not al-.le to hear it. atl urtinr g ti : t t S ilt-A ,h alue 'W ile in others it
than a half-nmillio ii .o iiiare in tr.,per ce-.
.This. of itself, would justify the .1 er
pendirure of an 'amount nec-e. ary to That tranjchiist- iiuheritance-s, gits
complete the'I.ige aind re rli.[ attior m liT
of the Everglades. to prrt.:ct. the rnI tl'ice e tl)f ,ei ,
small acreage already up tion."
S'I recommend that the Congress V.oting il the pll ry be repealed.
of the United State- be tinpmrialized A C,.5l itutilal Ioendulent create,
-for an appropriation of a nilonii dol-
.lars to this end.'" nug a -tale aitoe to ir each seuato-
The erection":f t-a ;governitor's rest- That I'-i fr.-ees rotected.
-dence, to cost $f,0jr0 all told. and of ,
a building for rtE.upremie Court and ihait a puritod w be enacted.
Stat' LIbrary 'nrre.ommended. F,,a C.(,,l.j;ri s ey or Flori
I Feeling tributes'qre paid to the i-a 7 'l I yiy ot Florida.
memories of State ofnm.ials and of That an a pri be de or
President atcKRinley, who died since ilate arris iLnd Or eC.aumenl is
the last message. y Var s anti hit'\ encampments
. The Governor concludes by urging of the state ro.,p.
a- careful and faithful performance of fe
its duties by the Legislature. That eunUtlies adopt h free schoril
--b-.-bk system.



+-':---:4-+;:-4 :+.:+::::.+ .,+.+:.+:.+- :.+.;..:.+: *++++ .

*^aw^M m- S A

.1.. + *+ P *:. 4.. .* . .I..1 ;

Fine 2inan ho Iing
. ao'.-^ tate Treasury
v' i "l 9 --
No -tnie in the Unioil I, finaneiatl Itanding than Flor-
i L. ihe iondi|d dels o *-": *S cou trolley by the State in its
.catlionaul iti.ils.. There is ne L s tink debl. The 'narranLs issued
S lic, Cliompiroiler f- the etill< c iln expenses of llte State are ae-
cttied at par e.. ery-iierc. iud they are promptly paid by the Treas-
Irer upon preselint tion. All of the State funds have sufficient money
lo Im eel aill proplr detulan:l., ullou helm. The genornJ revenue fund, S
iron -hileh all anRpropriintions n-re paid. lind to its credit on Jarnu-
** iy 1. lt>.i3. :,iSi.l.42.2ti, It.q ;iusui n t luI l J nuary 1. 19021, 1l190),4 3.13.
i 'e emmnernIl revenue -ece ipts for 1901 were $554,040.6-, iand for the
year 1902. *$t11l.592.07. i,

t Gibe One High School .
STo Each of the Counties
l I -*lt..n hli ati n I.A r lie eni .l'ti ld r-eqiuirliigitllh l t lenst one '
| labl hi lol. oeni.!Iv loeeu, s- ll he 1 p e ir i'i ed. >1 inalman ined
ni .. i" ht'lmgl Cl~l [ltrt2i) located, srLill ln. estalitinle :i'mii nmalanalneul ).
mll t- I mommi in > .in e li .1 ,_o t I: lltat thile % periuntendleni of Puhb- *. ]
fi. ln trui.tio;, b, in ,. ;.. h th nppro vnlo l, of tile ,ite Board of Ed -
Sr Oino. iti ,- 2lulhoirliLd to Irr-ecriblme irtr tnille to title n courta i :
i .u r, rin.a riles anm l re.auni n on"m. f r l rl-indl 'Ni n to. the ltfl_ .. -
si l u'h tunu o-, alleges o1 the S~late. indl alo tso dellie and st;blit, .
Time re" iretmrfentr neeArsrm ry for il rppliezlltnt seekrig a first, &eontl
,. third grade nl e,1er't certifiaente. and suneb oIlier reinuiremlenets i
rd pT irlsloni as a may be deemed best for the interest of the pub-
lie Melt rO!t t e. -of the r te
:L.. . . M 7. .. . . .. . . . .

A Fehv of the Important Recommendations X

u Pade bv the Governor in His Mlessage +

Tha t the balance of the Indian war climn fond be lQnrI to pay thie bonded debt of the State.
:c That pension laws be aiimendedi tINs to pe rikit soldiers of Indian nail dMexican wanis to draw pen- X
f inThat State narent be provided wilh an assistant and a secretary. T"
+ Thai traveling expenses of supervisor of' coti lets lhe paid by tile 'mtte out of the proceeds of the
hire of Sitte pirisoners.
"-V T'ihat Secretiry of -itnte should ,- d r-ili :in issiittant librarian. ."
Th. a'it there be a Stante Board of E- i o. n of tra'%.
+ ihat franchisee, inlher.tances.. d.' ices bIe taxed.
+ Thnt mlile law requiring the puyi- -r X-,:'. S ni ar l>'pre riiiite to voting at a primn.ry election lie
repealed. -
I*Thnt there be n constitutional aiendnient i tlng n State attoirnv ship for each Senntorinal miistriL.,
I T Thai a lan be ennetedi protecting forep N i.
+ q'That a pure food law le euneied. -'
r' That there should he a geological snurfvy of Flarlin.
'** T'iihat no appropriation be made lor State arnnories anti for enca nmpmiients of mihe Stine troops. .
,1+, That counties adopt n free eshool book hfiBtei.!
--4 .- :e: : ,: : ,



Hire of State Prisoners

To Apply on State Debtt
A more important demand. however. presents it-elf to nlv mind--
the payment and discharge of tile bonded debt of the State. I have ..
+ culled attention to the tact that with time balance of the Indian war *
eclaimns fund applied to the payment of our bonded debt: that the
p. proceeds of the hWire of the State prisooners for the net three years *I
Should pay off the remainder of the Ilonided indlebtedness.. and thus "-
relieve the taxpayers from the burden of debt and the interest there- ..
on a n d ind l i1ew of time fact thatt the eountie. huvne not heretofore
1 rece e-d a uliflient urnum from tlfiS sonrce to eve.u be considered In -
A their budget. It would not now he a serious loss to them. I earn- .
esty, recommend that a law he enacted applying. the entire pro-.
edds ring from the hire of State pr lsoners to the parent of the +
Bonded debt of the Itnte until the lunt dollar Is finally paid and dis .-
+ chnrged.

',,... ..+...... *+..: ... ...!...:.. + ....: ,.*-: : : ,,.. -* ..:.a..:.. :.*. g.;.*.+. .+ .,* ,- ,'*

S-rmories for State Troops

".: Should be Furnished by State
S4 lit-* r me ourt li'ivin elar I :!' l ,it". chapter t4 -'. ."
LAu. *' oi l. ioriii i hiell pro i tvidls that filme li rii l oi.11 t -omiu is-
S i rs in e..e. .unt ,, i., there I.- i company or batteryy
i f' *;, l "a e 1 Iroup.I '*'lE*"1 1 D"S itle enclh eo pnllil or iatr'y
%V1h n u n''"'1.t n.. ete -lti iil d l'n rii llylt tile il i tli tary ..
alio :" thetret i. t llr nte .thouillil lrolilte ,snitable "
I/'." ,,-i u i ,i l r ,eliii u "n.d I."fih *' 'inl lri>0o l, ;*ndl tl.e nf." .*,
I Ui -ri-ri Ol in ii t 1ii ;.% nn*l th a

Board of State Institutions

': As State Board of Equalization n
It lllast been niseertiled thilt. undter our pre'enl s1y .team of vail-
*'" notion r. property in Mo '!> of the c-flin.tle nI t %i" d nt 90 per cent .1o
I.'. of it. lie, i' n lhih.l in other enuii- ti it I- nif. e 'ed nt le- tlan 20 .
Per cent of its qtine. Hiee tie t ie ura-ent ne'e-ifYi'r s. a power that
** nn eilu lire it nll dereinine iill nations to conforni to the conaliii- .
ilonal remqulref'nt' !., that thl L'egis.litnri" hnll provide lor ti nni- .I
form na l eiuna rat' f tn x: ltiaiva, -ecure ij t '.tillt !ons. etc. There-
'arc. I reconMiciiid that a Stante onrdl of Etnalis.mtkon lie cretmcd.eon-
3 aitinL of the ni limber" of time Bonr-i et Ioni sli.i owners of estate In-
t -.t li-tionsi tb 1 t' they shinll clothed with ull necessary powers ndut
i* dulles to equnallte alld deterniite val ntions of real estate lbt-weti A.
L tie various eouitle's.
.* 0+:+.'H-:' + :.... :. 44.*,-. ... i-. :.+. --. .- I-. - ,- .*..*-!-.-.*.:*+*. -:*I- *.




i -:. :.+o.+ -i ",+..- .-!-. -: .:. .

1 For a Uniform System

".. of Permanent Roadklays :

X he It is niy opinion that the Boards of County Commissioners of .
the various counties should be empowered to raise by taxation the
necessary funds to establish and maintain a policy of permanent 4"
I road constrnetion upon plans and specifications adopted by the *
Legislature. after consulting with skilled and experienced engin-
eers in such work. Under our form of government. I believe the
Power to raise money for local purposes should be vested in those e*,
.* empowered and burdened with the responsibility of expending it. I +
tail to see any good reason for the State to become a party to *
handling the money. It must be raised b' inantion and the distri-
hution is expensive and is fraught with danger of an unequal re- "
turn and distribution, as is now the experience in other funds to .
b he distributed.
+;*: + 4*;++++"M 4:+:;+;:;' +:+:: +>;^H:*+*!+:*+4*+4

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