Group Title: Miscellaneous Papers
Title: Speeches:
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Finding Guide: A Guide to the William Sherman Jennings Papers
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Title: Speeches:
Series Title: Miscellaneous Papers
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Box: 28
Folder: Speeches:
 Subjects
Subject: Jennings, William Sherman, 1863-1920.
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Bibliographic ID: UF00094876
Volume ID: VID00029
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Full Text




and Gentlemen:
Sg:" hex I have to appear in public, It is
iater of Bself ofgratulation that it is before suoh an
l thle a Xltbeated, cultivated, refined people are always
r ,eos e By invitation I some to and I desire here to express
dMfr t appreciation of your invitation. That I should be deemed
k ad eafipetest to address you Is a compliment I esteem most kt
SApi sAiI alrpprotlate it because it is an oooasion and an objeft
aV e to me most forcibly at all times.
!;: ', .
he education and training of young ladies and gentlemen and
o ameOnoeent of the work allotted to them in life.
S r the pitfalls ,the precipices and rooks that lie all along
'-,i, ey of life The seductions and temptations that will beset
%t:'p'Lt 00y tra and when .Z see them starting out I always feel
C4k4 girtng them as advio fFhe reply of good and witty old preacher
Ssaated by- a* oor if he oould give directions how to firi
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.r. ,/o Answered "Yes.- Take the right and keep strait
r..",. Who Mlt out ix life with the determination to take
t a R.%sop straight ahead, will not only win heaven at the end
.:' iiitort peas of mind and'prosperity all through the


ijel S teilved thbi"*vitatlon and took note of the enrollment
,4ii2n i#% u the oorp of professors and the evident high grade

tit tios, I confess I was for a moment some what surprised,
ha i I tepp.d to think I realized that heredity was at the bot-
'"he n'tt.ral Bainbrige.-Was there ever babodied in any other
fl i aul ea ehu' a. eobination of honor restless energy, recourse, indOaitalLe.
.i 'g. pat eao, discipline and persistence as in Comodore Bainbridge.
lq''re M th* key that unloated the secret This thriving olty,
,p U:.iag .with eatrr praise, inherited its vim with its name .Like begets
A*I.. ad the name of Bainbridge is inseparable from pluok,energy and
.ii. ...
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l ,;he influence of a mae. Give a boy or a girl a good name

'vf they w11l In a majority of oases try to live up to
t:1 is: t"he' sane' with 4 town, only it is the whole oTnmunity that
asthe U9leave auitd illds the city as beautiful and as altogether

f "airll a hBtlnbrd.g: I"' tays But I did not oame here to talk about
S.ntd thet lt;l.matt t was just one of those things, the fitness

tj;t:~ ,l *S#Od ,a tat I oould not resist the temptation to


.n o !th- eMr e1@1t ages some men of the age in whioh they. lived

*lbaslwefdgs g In the dia past ja few only, moved by an inner
Myirs.ua 'a to. look to the future and to higher ends than wsq those

; ji|B the *mwmwht kibmledIge As time grew and the work of the few and
ht.., ti*olo bUeame talked of other souls caught the reflection or

i.ove4 bp .ititon became imbued with the desire for knowledge.

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jit.io. l of knowledge Was slow and tedious all the teaching
'S books were few and previous produced by the blow process of
Saor painting ox papyrus or cloth or stamped on tiles orfbricks
ii clay w ih ts ptery or page of history burned to make it permanet

7 a part Of a page, s oetimes only a line or tw to a brick. Just ia-
Sa. school boy or girl attempting to take a ha a dozen brick text

."[:'nAeis,t s0ohool every morning The student gain his knowledge thenby
.,i ag at the feet of his tutor and listening to what we wopld oall
: :tifrea,, repeated over and over until the pupils had gradually absorved

Ssub'j'.t.a~ ect By easy stages education became general ,books became cheap
iabuandat but education was still slow,tedious and often physically
,. $A:. tl., especially when the teacher was muscular and short-tempered .
,: du*oation is by its very nature hard to acquire. It can only be obtained
1.;. hard work and the slow process of accumulation, but slow and hard as

' 4-* pi.: Pears today the students work is all play compared with the students
.ii.On'. ,Cnly a century ago.
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Sa el| ducOat9.n .maniLt to sit down to hard persistent study that
S ls. .' a unt l: th doors Of the college closed behind the gradA-
4*tOik t ret' wte buat few diettosaries and no enoyolopeadeas or books of
-tfltbo* worth teatioablg, sad what few there were were so imperfect
a$ 4i d aii l d t. te: as lest valuelessl Today these works have multi-
pi0 t it 1 every field of lXearning arts, science, mechanics, the poses
4i, 4 a*4 tUh tposaible has beef explored or attempted and the results
I 2,. !. '',. 47
p6 at th students hand In fact the boy or girl of today has to
:*4lqat. $'tde to esape sore education Moderna devices have become so art-

&^ tlfltse; tiastoua and persistent that the atmospher ther. walls around
.i;,... birds, f lower leaves, trees, the streams, the sarth beneath us

fy: 0 '*. a*@Uvens above are so charged with information as to almost com-
laAi'ii la nthe intelligent and forbid ignorance in the stupid* By in-
.li. .tialmostwe tunderstaxd,we have learned to listen to the "Sermons i
st..ne84 And read the "Books in running brooks",To listen to the xtq
of the leaves and flowers and stars and to gather wisdom as we go.
,, ,, .. .. 7 ,'' .






, .. .,. ... ..


...Iu~ :ialt a realization of the assertion of Dr. Oliver Wendell

e sald & .asl'eduoation should begin one hundred years before h1

b..". Oar great great grand parents our grand parents and our
t have -bequeathed to us their educational atainments Not the

M l'aniing but the desire for and the power to acquire and re-

Z iiM t ledg. These have come to us by inheretance we all but know -
Iti l*latt R many of the aysteries that we are told it took our grand

Jnaei. ths of hard study to master The hidden things of a century.
.i ., ' . ,
f. ag rea ope today,booka, schools and teachers are ready,willing ,yes,

nsi : lamtiouse. to point the road to knowledge and to smooth the path-way..

.AiL; thee advantages but impose added duties and responsibilities. In the

e "taix.. satory the noblemen turns from the hot and dusty street,

cr eed :With eager anxious faces 'into the coolness and silence of his

p:. ace as he looks at the pictures of the long line of his illustrious
ra he hears a thin se al v which says to him blessed
e#*Riit= re, he hears a thin ,pootlral voil. which says to him"Noblesse
wqp' wi'; -',.s. eotpl',, ...;' /
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: a teliavr assumed the higher obligations conferred by advanced
ri it-is our duty to hold ourselves responsible to our fellow

j l faithful discharge of these responsibilities. Every added
re every honor wo/ brings with it an added duty If we are not.
kl 'IjiR to discharge the dtttes imposed,the pleasures and honors should
at. bae aooeptea.
.. ..: To become a simple tank of information, of dates and facts is not
.' Oed iated, A parrot can be taught to repeat a most complex formu-
'i:;",3,to state a most abstruse proposition or recite long catalogues of
aicotse but of What good is it to the parrot to be able to recite these na

a I rt lly learned lessons, behold the exhibition of a wonderfully reten-
t' iV and finely cultivated memory The parrot is learned but he Is
d' t il.dttatqd Ihe has knowledge but norwisdom. He cannot make a single
,, praotioal application of his varied acquirements because he is not eduel
,.,ated









ITTerT*e a"s many 'parrots' in the world and they do a world
cit oraoularly utterances of plausible words and sounding
thy'aver' memorized and pass upon the lesser informed for
0 of wt em,
: "'Msoft striking and impressive manifestations of progress in
fvizati.en are found in the facilities for the education of the
:. t .fthe people, both mattand.female ,those who, without these
4'! .t1 it's111 would be unable to acquire an education. In these
Kptgtons have been placed every appliance known ,for the encourage-
*taad advantage of the student 4 In the diooveries and appliances for
SILal- noel, in the establishment of schools of science of
r arts. and -a the promotion and enlargement of all departments o
stryw nerrfulo strides have been made and the march is still onward.
II h k y166 as es added ednouational facilities every where Education,
S %#tl*he miad.the morals, the hand the eye and the ear and cultivates
%lw I astiona each to its capacity. The faculty of imagination should
''.at0in the sttadio on which you are engaged Not that mental habit
( Mt '* fo rgev*ts truth and spreads Itself out until it b&owly escapes false-
ShO,. .b',ut. the faculty ,the power of reproducing in the mind, absent thirg4
yi tlnaB..suge.i d a of pel? rseatinl to the Ian ll i a. vn moving
e'pater,0p tl subj t der nconsderatonT v aorltheMtovng
tt .whih you produce, will, no matter how closely you have studied your
S',* t atr faithfully portrayed your oonception,be but nothing but dead
:l eHri' e ine a b troom~,a picture without life or color, pointless and
fsroeerse
:, duration trains the mind to grasp the subject,to look at it from
every' olnta of view, to take it to pieces, to analyze it to make deduo-
i,' ad to gather create and develop ideas. It elevates ,draws out,
iwyr;! L and deepens all the faculties until no matter what the surround-
I.$. after life the student can never become narrow.
i .i fa u t ,th e ri *.. .t.
Ii.; : i..i. .w h, yu *e, *l .o mter how closely yu have studied your.








$. ,ra t tu!eo thi tool or- instrument and direct the machine,
*-- i ,fall *filwlit 'ork. tt trains the eye to see and the ear to
Wgobd .the... dutiful and the useful in all things and the morals
i .and hel.d63 enly that which is pure. Nothing is eduoation,that
4o'e of ot:'0Oby or girl a man or woman capable of seeing the
r *l 4Pt1 y ~.oabto knowing the right and with a conscience that will
.'.;.i#.,., f l ] :.phrformanoe of every duty. It must create an ambition
tsr k'. '. t* ,. s up and push forward the best interests of the
a,: 0,patriots and christians ,ladies and gentlemen.
"i'i.: ,.0this it is naotrue education. The educated ,trained,
."e:.is, aoe .Is the oorder stone, the very foundation of socie-
2.'. *' t' hundred years educational ideas have undergone most
t:Wl i4'6'ae la olden times, but not so very old either each
:'..'::' Was .educated welt through a period of preparation by
: 'i college and entered upon his life work When such a
..... .it'.. 'bcibool or college he was thought to have finished his edu-
!"'" Intim":l% t* "be ready to commence the serious business of life/but the
p1- *@^ s .-s of and the development in every field of humane endeavc,
Sl$lpnp et a ohaige of opinion. We realize now that when we leave
I. j;t iOl0 or college. weare still students but with different text books
-iAa, ea.*ab is his an faculty" In the years of preparation we
I[:, books, afterwards It is mankind, life and its accomplishments.
.t pi eases with life or reason only This idea has entered all the
::t'.;ro.m the kindergarten to the university and create a new interest
S:i lpses and new ambitions through the introduction of exercises tiS
t :teoh0li 'the student how to do.things, not just to learn in theory.
.$a heo development of personal character that is most important. Upta
earacter formed in schooldays will largely depend the whole future
e student The foundations of success is laid or the pitfall of
itag during these days of preparation,these days of school,.





i "7 ... .;.,,," *) a 9

oU cbinatioa of wor.k an play has displaced the old time
: dt nat Gay.sa d a active interest in the preparation for
Ok its place. the-.healthy body has created and sustains the
vo mind making lift a harmony rather than a dbit conflict
S ml pleaaWl.j
e trait lapP$. "ot may be urksome at times all but a
b at after "-i4~ ~i you look back to the school, recall the
i.h wha yn.. ,Mt'. touhed elbows, in what 1pu thought uselep,
-r'Cw-ra@poi a 4tri'.Xf and as each answers "Here to the roll call
S:u':l w l I 9* Itk* yourself, healthy, vigorous, alert,
Wai the tt '' lt, ook among the boys and girls you envied be-
t ':.i p.tJ t "drt$ll, had no regular hours or duties in fact
""a -fy pliae4,s and see many of them invalids,weary, worn out,
l "iaa t V t' t. le f made striving hard to make up for the
ai #.W ,t tv.y arafts drawn in youth on the vitality of
:,,',t ot i4 aP t*t, your parents and your teachers for the
*st* tat SqO complain. t*
r.t ~t .41 it as thought asffloient to teach a girl a smattering
I .I .'. .4..ie* gdle work less musil and how to make an appearance
t ia t fl 'a. experience have taught us that girls and
b'i* ..ahvo eeyal opportunity for acquiring a good education but
t '4.tw. tl* g while it travels along parallel lines to a great ex-
$4ht 'i t. iqk largtey to perfoot womanlyness of thought of sentiment
.'.lt:ti t.1eyhtfllay be prepared to make and preserve that highest
t .' Ja A'ttoin the home. Education and civilization have
ea^ ir f r ialaves to queens and they should be royal in their IfM
.^ .ieti *" Of. the hearts that bow before then ruling by their
t6,e26 refinement, and their attainments A good education is the
I 'rightof every Americaa girl but it is her birth right too to make,
,.and to keep a home Ne1 are made or unmade by the character
Ptnoee of their mothers aid wives,Yes, and their sweethearts too
... do with shaping a mans course,
I.' '
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~ ~~t' -e, iuoation of woman means a higher standard of manhood ,lof-
S MtieB nPbler men and greater thoroughness of training Men
Aiol ate with the angels am without climbing to their level or
SThe idea that prevails among some really good sensible people and
esherg, that a military education and training unfits a man for any
u bEt the life of a soldier is absurd and has long since been explcd-
Sto make a good soldier by military education is a to make a man
Sp; nottillou honor a gentlemanscrupulously courteous gentle and chiv&
eiea. It Is to make an accurate business man. If there is one thing on
S::iafb that demands a thorough knowledge of business it is the management
bodies of aen and providing for their welfare it demands the very
h"iaghest order do business talent, not all men have this talent but a
a litary education helps to supply the deficiency where it exists. It
Demands organization, so does the store office or farm. It demands prompt
ebedienoe, so too do the civil callings. It demands quickness, decision
and daring ,and no calling leads to success that is not controlled and
ttreoted by these qualities, so you see that your drill ,your disciplirs
your regular inspections, your apportionment of time the habits of 2.
promptness you are forming now but preparatory to a successful business
career as soon as you go out into the world to think, to act and to do
for yourself.
n Now young gentlemen there is yet more By the cousre of study
you pursue by the training you acquire you are fitting or have already
fitted yourselves for good citizenship and in the hour of need to lead
and direct should your services be demanded in support or defense of yC..'
country. Should that time ever come recall the reply of the Spartan
King who when asked Where are the walls of your city?" pointed to his
saltiers and replied There are the walls every man is a brick." That
king had but 50,ooo bricks in h^ walls uneducated bricks but the wall
was strong enough to protect th city. If that day should ever come,God
gralt it may not jbut 444Al a
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Mr. President, Ladies and Gentl I-Len:
A
Long before the American coritine-nt was kniovrn to existjcLere
was a legend among the inhabitants of the 1'est I,--lies tl.--t in t r
of Bimini there was a foitnt...i, whose magic w..ters h.d:.l. I:th cickI, AL-id
the old young again2and bestowed iu-,fl..l l 'it I .L I --I in
its waters. Many hl-d 6,une to seek it, .. nni1 ev: -'...sd.'
was the legend heard by the CadvallerveJ.un Pnace de Len, w.ho, roused
by the spirit of advent-ure, c, ne to oilk :the '. jueLii .1I n..,. -h~tt l.- 11i
give so much in return 10- b.- s-mall in effrc't. M'e -..ant _iniini .-1L
found and named Florid@ of which I sa-ll saak il C"d-iin. lhhl i-.ca-
tional developmenZt,'llirth date o2 its discover-, Ma'ch 27th, 151i
until Prance beganAto claim Can& id covetS. l l [h ..i.. ', .: -.--c..-t
Mexico,

The da'vn of history ,- ri t ts 3 f' ii '- '....n, 1.. ai nI
avarice, desire for adivauce:.:,- t .la i: t..C a ed a. L. it
exploration and exploit station. Somne caMOLie ex1 t to i:L,* el -r
stream a(~actolus and all th.- ids ,lit .1:. i L ..


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Desire for :",vej conrii e. ,t. .u .a ,,a r t.1,,c. ic '..' i: jt.. . l ..0
lve their cones in .i- jqerness with C1-'.. a nmmor;o to Lthe ': i'e.
SLove ;Jpla~c a part in tLh LaedK' wii tnc. -ntie 6 ,-: 1 ._ .. Lr:t.6 c.Le
Sgod brightele'd anan;,- a p- a tihat ".'tho. u t tiLt r-.iL L. .. "LL
consideration.
Failing in his first attafj pt, Prilnc de L r Lrt. Ll- l-,?. i L .. .
visit to Florida, thisL time I.-, .- in u t. { i ..L.u cd, it .... eJ,
the- west coast, ,j'iere i? attempted tc.s tabii-.h a colon:- ,_._ ','as ,. +-
tacked b; the natives nd ".itthdrew' t,- his snips. TIn .;t n l.lnl- t hI
S received an arrow wo.nd in the thilh i..' v.hi i Cii L a c ,. ,i .I ,' ._ ;s
return to 'uoba,
SDe Leon %was followed b:' V.er.'azzdC.x anild *.e',_.r :i i 1 i.iS, ..'n. uv.i
little morse th th tr verse tli c,. st -Wic ca-"".' bd. .
J outline with it: L-t:'s and inl-:ts.
In 15C' Pcamfil de I.arva. b t. i-n .a Iran t C : t.. -. ", t..o L. ..11
the lands from :ape 71orida to t na"..-. L, i.-_c. c te ,..ib> i R2 ~
-lranude) ild :1 1528 2cco 1iri ed I:; . ... ru'.j &, -, l n ;-: ,:- ... n-
cola. The exped tion ..il d, I '.r z .t a k nad lj.
Mis s o l ndidl, ' iipL Lac. rr; S.v& t1- -' 'i c' ....e.LL, ; 1t : nu
storm.
On the oast coast, th ..iC .. eh. c.,. '. ., --
river :in l5.,6l,ca..ea Fort Carol.ne, .1i ,.S . '. Al. .
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I' s evidenced by he F,?500 OtnOcIchrs ar pr0'ellnt hr to-niht. TIe n-I
spitation of a frJe country, r all l r ts t
law and the enthusiasm for Ar.1r? can ideas a o -i'-. i ,,illa6u. I.t
, youthful minds by tni noble. teacher of our schor-ols. Lt our Sci
s:'tjtm breathe forth sturdy,practic .1, hon.rJst iduas, i-i-rlin, all
youth to honorvale conduct anJ -flfort in all walks or l1f.-, 2..:I ir
best energies for promoting the hiah=.st civilization a.nd erco,'l.rai. .ae
the highest type of cfitizenrship -n. sttt9,;::-..inship.








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. ." APPROPRIATION WOR .SroL .q FRO" "Fr L R.T.T.TF.


1900.


E:'i'ast Florida Seminary.

W Wst -*

S'efuniak.

..i4ri cultural College.

S.Colored ?Ton al School-Tallahassee.



1901

i'.asat Florida Seminary.

t Wiest. "


Defuniak


,o000

2,500

7,000

", 500

9.000


2f .500


. January to JTily,

1500

1850
13.^0


, Ba .ow- South Florida M 11litary Tnstitute4500
7 .... -107).50 l 1070-


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The Educatol- a~y -ra&s iAby .ta action annually about o800,000
is greater than all other sums expended b't 'th-e St-zte for all other pvr
poses which embrace the salaries of all State Officers,-the. collection
and assessment of revenue, State Troops, Mainten.nce of all fta' -a-
sti tutions, tr W' ;,; .. i, ,ty, .., Jt, a ,e, /( (.. '; V /
The responsibility is upon you. These armnual conventions are /
great factors in your work. You come from University, colleges, !ocrmal
Academies, high schools,to consult together and get the benefit of each
other' ideas on educational subjects.The teachers of Florida are a
noble host- and when they assemble as they do here from all parts of
the State, representing all kinds of schools an' all kinds of ideas,Lut
intent og one great object- the diffusion of knowv'let.ge and thp .;pread
of Truth- they form an army of workers that will put ignorance and
materialism to ignominious flight.
On behalf of the State Govrmrnielnt, representing its ac'iiaistrative
departments I bid you God speed in your grand work. I am sure I speak
the sentiments of my associates in the administrati v offices '.vhen I
assure you of our earnest wish for your co-operation in advancing the
educational interests of our State. Our educational developlmtnt is un
surpassed, our liberality unboundied. Let us see that the opoertup.-Jties
which these two essential factors present are tak.'n advant;agL of in
producing the wisest results. Let us remember that all learning is
vain which doe not tend to perfect lhi Yn chiarater and adv:-nc civiliza
C'~~~~~4 4ttt.s4ionirl'tt4tZ t*4 e-A y- .3







S8 1 8 twhin he rpeif-nesds after i tu multuous amm'in ;tr-ton.
:..o o; th:er StatI" e orf terr!.to r on th.. ccnt.n'nt W- avower~', 'e n

."""a::". 'flaes as Florida. French, Slpanilh, '.-.it. t . .h k flq.
ii. biaca"e2r, thpuef"h they anver laid vclAi to n. 'r"i.."ry ;Co pt
*:,A:.' they steod ea, the grioen :F ro. flase, the i--i. i'., t~e Tni. t..te
.i atedera te,- .eight flas in all.
Th-, provincar of East and rest Florida w,'-. fcr' .:,;.l un.i te:," b;: n
'::?% ot Camgr :'rch 3, 18~2 and a L'. i~j.t.Re ': ,:-.c!1 cn.;if tn,,: uf
t.: tteenu emh:rs *:ppointed.i Wili P. V:;-K off ;thcky wm.;. coAiind
04'- el0t ow the rles gnation of Gieneral Jackson. T"'h .'-tffic I--
S..t$I1 4y 1884.
'''.;': .Th first LOgIlSstiIve Council was held at Tan3r c1,18:5' c''-l;I .22 ..ut
Ii:~: t '4..Ln a outbreak of ypllnw fnver odurlng the aes tLh cn-.tic I. as
t o. .;i .''... l C...... ... ,..
tt.i" + rt. to lfman iel onzaale hnIaa, 1", ,r1.e notl:h -.r .-.,nst::ola.
," The second -aslmsnlon of the co'nc l coqnT -id ,'it ." ... :.. i "* .ir-
d4. ).ty 86, 1833. All the records were in Perse:la .. it ,,'-j s-
i l.:,-' *that, they be, trwmsported to "t. Agiif ti n?. "n 'v,-.'n ''i C l '
t I i+;' ^ : *; + r __________










5.
ltheim by wagdn from Pensacola to St. Augustine, which place he reached

n':'i the 28th of April, taking about four weeks to make the five hundred

""'. '.mile Journey through the almost unbroken wilderness. In a letter written
l:..0 H on. John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State, c-at.eri :'a 1, 1 a23, and
latorin q communication to the Lepgisltive -oiucil, "('verrnor Pu.Val com-
.''.. .platined so earnestly of the difficulties, Oangers -an,; d iscopmforts of the

t.'.rip 'and the risk he had been forced to run Ir, cros.!si, th. rany i larie

",'' vte.ra,wlth the delays to public business s-;n the exIpense entatlle,
.,:. tb t the Council took the necessary steps to select a !.Frmi..nent seat of

government at a central location and. Tallahassee "'as ho .Si. -re the
next Leg.islative Council convened December 21, 124 in La IoL cabim on

t"he south seat corner of the present "'tpitol sqture.
ic.'' ,'7: *' St. Augustine, then the metropolis of Floric3a, '.a. t',e point from

''i ich came everything of importance to this portion of tbe .tntte. It
t#* at Camp Moultrie, six miles below St. Au.'ustirn, t;t Col. il "i'.-

S ''.th 18th of September, '1B25, necoti'ater what is kniwn As the
B' .la'tho Septb .
t^ ^ .ii^ ^ffl^ ^iai^Ji. ~ ~ ~ ap.-.:~l.?t,; **l .-.. I- A -. T.--. ,, A - *4,- .. .... t,, .;! .





li *uth qf a line drawn 'from the mouth of the WacaqaS$ O river on the
l a .!iif, 'e.~A t to. the Atlantic. 3s line p!sse-r '.bo'.t ,ie.e r c.la new
:i.de..di. Wor this concession on the part cf the I, liipans they '.were to

:. V i 8,Ol%'ieO 6,000, and all white men were fVrhifden to io sr ..th of the
:,1::1*tablished. lne and the Indians on their ,part agreeRai to remain .'i thin

.i,"'te 'presaribed territory. It was not lone before th e IndiAid bcuie.
',k.-,'te.ee8, and Governor DuVal in Jinuary,l,26, advocated" tle -.st.'r-l .;h!rint1
!Kt~&i: .f a military poet on the south frontier of Al-ch,-,.. ,,. rt;." t n. In time
.io:ii' t .King 'oeme into existence to be later thle IcOene -of the tratcl death
t:"., l@:: lj'..''Wley Thompson and Lieutenant Const-tntine i-'. ith :,ho we;re shot
a4lm' bush by Osceola and some of his warriors 'ecemhhr 1.0, 1;,5.
Tradtion has largely furnished the first chl.pt-rs of lor'da'

:i )ltory, which, preserved as it was in lecent varied with each recital
I.:,,.until. but a shadow of truth remains in much of its story. Tti 1-.ter
.. history I will pass over for many within the sournf of my: voice h-ve helped
.'to mike it and they have made it a glorious history, a history U--._ t any
";ine 6hoU d e rod to claim a part in the makine7,. _, jA c, eu -
-ct' dau4a ~ cdw~set t~i~jl~-~ 'vk aaucA L~csS a.v
L~~/tsM~~-~ein~ Lt~rr






.f- .*' m .llistOlTe geawtM ,a d. All artoundi ar sc*nea of b..ttles,
li* s&ail SutftewsgA The atory had to be written in bleed that we
PJllBt lr here teeaight hi thia thriving punhig city to lock back
ii yiFef the State, to atudy lts teary i to consider hew
i:' t' wt.' .dthe intea4t of the greatttt a 'd mret iiportat suib-
,i'' ,ts t' t* olvlised mant- th education of the o'.th of the


V I.rt4l :&a''p.ases that (1 es not held for the thin ,rk!g ,a igne m
Awl tndew at the fer look into the future &of the fouvn 'sre ;F this
M i~JlBM.at the wlsdvm displayed in thisr arrangetat mAt ro- thi'
i "iUOa*Ustry a"Gl the geaerationsi that are to follow Aft ,r.
. e.3ilight a f. tp-.8ja, iunch that the:; cilC hal; al mt the ,Ipi:".r-
.' ,'1 ; .i ", : '
e*Wtf t aptrotlen.
/ N^'A1*n the first buildings rootedd by thA :rfQtIL4sA fror p'er;actiOn
0 'pJ aans of worship and sohael houses. Thene pewpl- both NOve;l
f'|il:n'thaas realized the power of kaowilecrtt anld th* rrFtlizaat0rn as
Sirem gsrip on each auooneding gnpratiron r a ie






lgt..'flt''t of Oftiera aea ens mankieng a iperranent rro-
t.t. ttin-. he' a"'praotativa or twh perl e rforeasw thlt
ti ; 6*ry existence of the zovernmrnt depoaed qlupon the in-
ildt 46i6:ii9dua~tieF of the governed, asun on the r2 th off .,'ay.,1R5
S nse9rvPl for school purposes "Lit I-" in vvsry township,
"Jly 1787, It rated "the reserved Lot I"1 for educa-
This great lha b-ee guntArdd w! th p!e ullar care. In

r0# 1. bic lac d and its aC.!spronititnn, yr o sincrs iApril
16 hia bonoI speaofically raesrvMed for acheo9 plirratoes
*dPt& ttYln nsw Statem Into the uRion, Section 16 has
M 0. t"vha ral States, for eoanon school purlarose, the
fl iia r by the terms of the grant to care for the preconds
::Wtioe Xth seatiso and to invest these preaedts in prm-
Seat
fi th aa cratiang a perpetual edicatlen fund.



! !'L'[,. :1 ,





In arc ition to Section 1 Con.reims, on :.ty ;d, I12s, r'esvr'vPe
~ .. thO Terri tory of .l.oriclf, to wn ihi n i or' t.ha eastbl3h a'-.me.t of.

a:leasltrarlea of learning, one to be located in "0,t ;'"l.'dt' ,i'A one
S Niti*slt Florida.. I: act of Congress :..rch ;ca, -45-, tio ....ital
i;j : :r ..., ,,''*,*..
'towsohipa were -t'tded to thr 1--nd Vr-ntel for flt. in3rL 'jQes- pin
Ar0 :sres grante\.t for "V.u.her edicn. on.
A: 10. nIorveyor was, appcintef until 1. 2 l the rtt : c inr cr'n': net

!i "to.catedb but we fin!i that in 1I37 thn.t the 'T rr.'!i Lori, r! I~',- .Irr ne-







: '", have been sold .n th 1
l^i th^t aive h on hold Rn^;4 th5 )ln,.)oruT :#n.l tonii ,-:.t le -,'\' fn (. !- ,^ t'n
the d4mvelopimtnt of the qtate.
S. The importAnc of, n the e for cho.i pr' ,i l

I of Florida at a very early .t.y anil as a conrse T',c -e'- fln *-.C

t' lonanL, the ol l arn tr e 1in dustrl t1 ', ..; .ory f i ',, r ..i.1 n

I ,. am .
f iiitclefarly oe..f.i1 ,enral. h lines .o.m to thi *,rri ia ,,y .. ,:! .*.,jcr _
tha tn fnrmapl fPAr into tIH e;tu.nre -I I







. advantage ave increased, .e t:-.e hM.- v l .. :'.' .., ,T..;

'and fIn-nc":lly. ,

In 1E31 l.n dwiI'cation rsocl)et.;' ws ;' :

purpose of coilectin. int. .o.m iti(.n to .he it i.t.:.i ..,:,; t r' r-

ri tory.v

In thy early thArt' es o r -'' o f ,;.;,i .j '.';- n tab .

nlcorporattd., FoloI of wh cih :l .vte .i.orn troih'. t '.: al .'1 . r;

their establishmfnt.

On Febrnary In, I W. n. ' .o- r-' '*. ; . '.

f education .n the Tfer"i to-.ry' of F'.ori d. : ; .-- :.'l. ;. '-, ." ;0 4l ,:;-

tera was p tsse9d, thus p hic- "E.1 .: .. t.v A.- - *T. .-t pu ..t.

o f normal schools. F'ebriiary :,;, I" ., a to : ." by t a.-

: io::t n 'for the etucatl on ft Poor ch .ir n ; .- ... . *".-..
S.ieghed by the Covfirnor.





1901. July to January.

peir'fntend.hnt .Public Instruction 600
S300

ec. 500

rii semi nary r 350o
['.. ,. .'.^ : '" ''': 7 7 50
0< 7760

w^otmaS: School.. 4727.50

..1,uC.tlebpg4yLake City. 25750
tlhashsee. 4500

SSth'Pll.orida Mil.a&ry Inattt45eon00
6iie 1 Pi chase eono
8500


,'e -. ... '




ary.-'**. 12. 00
i -'. -"'.. '19013.
Ig :.;'ib'lc Instru.-tion. i900) --


I P 25 00
eh... 94559
< g .". e,' 37500
,."&i'assee. 3 n00


9000 P
_ ;,'st= 127uIIIIIM AL-^ alk


OK,;"


4, f77.50
5,427.50


,,





7,3" _5


ti. A-..
















5,000.00 & 7,250.00


Plinc, Deaf & D1iubL, *,

Io,000

12,250

14, 5On


1900

1901

1902.







i :R, .
.'.
* ...".,, ... ',
',.. A ,"I'.: ''


U19( .ptoa
.. rom
t on
iv in]
respond



h oad"hbr tw
S&ag(O where on
..the other goo
o Sr said "About
T:'TVhis however
_404i lea me to
.t 4kb I was, intt
'A ,3:t you are fam
V ..hr, and have
ouf or neighbor
A mbout 16 month
Your Exwell'en or
-,,.: S A few evenuai
! : ,: i:: i!


: aI
R o, P i:ra4 gha -i. ^ "

i, ,n% s: ( j^

eA few days ago I made to feel very
ltendiig me an invitation to i0 present with --ou
|tely telegrasphed ray aooeptp Belelving that
l was all that was expect i-, Yesterday whilr- on
kegram from vy office stat! ihat a letter had
S..Tomlinson confirming teleyc fanr regnesting me
Shooting my own subject, a I haven t slept
Ihis message. It was bad eno fo or 'me to hrve. to
Sto a toast at all, but th@e additional burden of
we.
i'me to a'toast" would be lik :.a banquet that I at-
); where no drinks were serve a rather dry affair.
rhat I was to talk about I w renlnded of a oon-
laptist ministers on their ',. to church a few
it them was to preach. The oni that was to preach
Brother what he shoicl preanehl bout, and the good
ialf an hour'. I think that should talk about
,not satisfy me altogether, .nd a further study of
Ire of my wife for a subjeo, ana she hnist,.. how
8ely r-eplied,"Talk about "Our Neighbors" a
r with. And kike a good oibejdent hin:sband I agreed
eluded to talk about "our Neighbors". The first
at I wish to talk about it this same good .:.,nan
ave been trying *o get h r when addressing no to
Sto this entreaty she alw ys smiles a negative
0 she called up over the zone for Yr. Jennings
Ii', '







(1)


..:...a e A-t

~"ts oru itt





tlnsurr oundin tg
It vg', erand ae
4 't garlan




lbadso, arenderf ul
tonight
citizens fa, o turc Ot



fully popular e
V.urtng all tbes,
.. a A Morgan tPettus-



iiz x, Ireland rount



. . .


'and when she called "Who I
tswered "Your Bxoellenoy's
LerQ'- .. '- -
m FloridA had no neighbors
she was supreme. Her terri
lexico. Later "Our Neighi or
Yn and*have continued this
76 million neghbore and sh


;here"9 I said ,.-
>t, don't you Cknrow ~

hen Ponce de Leon
7y covoere-l the
beann studying and
n of work un'il U',e
i;oes them .ll c~'rth


r neighbors have foe-i; a t t atteahment for
sought to have West. -1r.L attaohod to hor,
ave Alabama Attached to hoey enoe the tendency
ment i strong. Fortunatel ~-heso frianaly
with deep affection, And Fl Lidians rejoioe wilh
owth and development. And extend warmest con-
Syour great progress in mi ing agrloulture com-
Not a great while ago S1i, ,Vorris, Caldwoll
*d this great oity. Then It a found that the
he olty were a solid nass of ( :ron ore; of incal-
'it was that one of our nelit ors wroto that
S"To Have and To Hold".
eara some of our neighbors, ong them stoot as
tee, Clarke, Underwood, ,;ozJohnsonCrok,
ttling for the rights and :tvili:gons of the
alliantly. They have- pr' -io thon.sel's itatos-
worth, Rhodes Barret an'i Obtien I'ave publ ished
benefit, We oho.l-d fteel. proud of i.ur country
Ith ,in comreroe and eduof tion. The principles
"'its emblemn,rmoro endu-r'n than that of France
n t; ". .
ay ad. e r.(i 'ts leives r ( 8Iy-
oI Its asen may sever-

;K *'. *.r.


.i I .





S '. :.". ; ,.


.k a i"i s ay pass a.,
"rti tt hins forever.

nq bighoifthatt t;*re adel eh
laeds. Fr, r ,u. oumsander
Zhe' roe4* a to answer to
battlee, wa racing and t
ilthe *nltU'n as.n honor was at
W hqam the enlagBemnt
Sy.hAt n grown t froe inrr
to conference with his
nirgfhboit the brave and
.te h was 40 and the dar
S':.grer't 1. humanity, th
ghbpr of -fMom I am proud;
ie-, in the school room
hta in the soldiers unitF
vasvo seen him notified ofl
tbdl States twAce by the gri
-t0thten- the forment in tt1.e
R l 'v, i m .


A1


talk about for
chief oallek fdr t
I oall,our netgh h/
iana hour of great
e. Our neighbor
antlago waged 'or
btful was t.he result
oaers that he night
ant Joe Wheelar sai
,.one and the honor
att and will p eva f
speak, 1 hqYv seen
Sthe play ground,-
and tent in answer"
nomination as
Demooratic party
Ad,the flad tone at

























































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t.disi.dior nt ou'
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'Janu.ayi i*' w ich he iade
67

tnst my r*t ~. a democrat
tnstm 4


h,* I v






































tel usn




,.e t t',,i u .







yav hate brought vy name






. I ".. Ole* BO":. tiiC us


wen te lett er, and you told


S. .a re t.. a g s'
1, ,. ,






t.r ,itykhe niglit before
b,.l t.t .or ia" in a taunting

"to.me I de arrangements to :
s v:



































































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tt you aBve put
a*.this W,'."o4 .for



'd i hmsa people












t ws b ors, in

#K ,w1#v '^! e4 rowa *a my
.'-"' ,m4,^^ n .tv :,eidd e
.,, .ratlSyou l~be nam ut

t.tar* (if Taliaferrop
,;(~9k4..m .: ::;g e be drr s-
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rl '
tQ~


lH^^ l wiT'll" cal!'
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~Wster dulocai rth ts J,^id.
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Vi6. tAr, you should feel
iNt~k $g~.i:?t* tthe$'5t5 gotten

|| ^ Said fe4 very? projA'.


'o. ,&tk c nnty y e t, '


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a sf an nories




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I Lr4and that the a.v .
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^'.A. 6m .Aolrl. -It twf suppose '
' "" -' .;p
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ior 4
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) aceam age t thosoi
a6zf -- ~ebul nytiobu


p40at iny, i S! ntng
,P,617id c onjenent mod-e" of
tike$$n ofg664 roas ok
n geatap vialbuinessioap ot

g pt a tp-oriet
at wousanisation sove ,
& al hepep4 'dAAtrie
Idad heirtong to lhet th
pt bhe willr Al uadmitth
a.nty tha thIs hihw "W4r$








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e go,
path ai2d lig;



'4 ,

AX" gre4tb'w.
.1 t armer
Ill bf


Ov" 0 Llb t thi a


30 uertk'1-01


t bo: h4,


























jibaslhing a uun0r m
: itiPies ad ao'fins,
nirg a BtandiarI
r bi be. r ec-
al"~i t main an* ee of
by a ecomeirtsnt en-
funds rai ed tor this
. & t~'at, siyamri. t .e con*
b. a;..~~n y ur.r tA
a. i tMhe.o rqats to be
for. t tr oQapplet lion.


















644418all thUpubli






strhtto of a y bu


44 umabut nethei ow
all- the th cu ty bl one. o


_Onoe _nene road imp
Ito itsa n oth ing bu &tfv j


th* Xy t-ne ie wereh
4hti rcieay by-nefitao, ei

:Wgat fr bdng Zould my

























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..n-gh be very well .&
ptio' as t# the
0a pg, te. othet a gen
t ;twpk designed to ..
SSchopol" as applied to
ua universal appliogtion,
... sa name at once
church through this instru-
'.l Madren .institution.
,o. he Bible School,with ,
xtedS a&*ong God's anvcientzf

en t educate
$i'oaz ..ively a place for
i g'. eat work of the Sun-
Xdhoo, *
id a. school for the conver-
St hat pertains to effective
.te 61c should always-be held in
Siue worship should be duly
pni, The combination of sermon
Wyk eadher. Each class thus becomes

ool; from the character of the
'_qh school we can understand
I.j Jhe school is what the
ht1'ool he feels the devine pre-
L.1 to realize that the chief ob-
bsecure the salvation of hie


"I








I i with the onascious knowledge
Sway of pardon and forgive-
beool He has all the disabil-
t or at least very little clear
has o doa ait whon he ought to
un tex to Godt and of the motives
11 ".jI life He brings to the
.el at pith all its native abilities
S corav ing for truth, but sluggish,
ull.of fun and idle mischief, and
ut of bitter prejudice. He has a
P.D #,s`s tastes, desires, ambitions
na.gfeelings, opposed it may be, to
;endqoy to highest spirituality, and
tf acting upon the intellect and sensiTil- t

Srt pri .y ,'enslaved by ap-
RI ir h.'e dominion of passion. Thus the
S w 7.tballl its powers and capabilities are in
dee pmset, and all fu3l of uncertain and
pot ii.ittlsitBS.
iA would th'm into a beautiful and symotrical
'te atse taes to issue forth into a christian life-
ylini try/demands all the arts, appliances and skill
a an bestt teaching.
be ,mport4 a.'a .tfrrily fixed by wise methods of in-
rtra lo.d The intillect must be moved to original
[i a.ndAwht.this, thought movement has becn once
A:de; helped and.directed until it reached true,
tt ad oonViotionj
. turtu the.whole.3soul must in saoe way be helped
i.on a'nd feeling ff the great facts and doctrines
iol for the"Sunday School to solve. A consi-
iir wiii: eva. the vast Importance of the Sun-
..; -.' : . : ,








|^| o^' r; q ow;k ,4, a*now..ag. v ox uaw
.fo apr soan to possess is
of f e sonia .s b character of God,
t st otu.y o' the bible was allow-
r y sOd6n fe11 into idolitry,
ao 'o* he &woji: f God were always
nogt aledego f God either as to
iit. 14a e i fth the children of mIen.
f ho man believed in one
Bu:t gradually his idea became
Ste 4o Wee a god- in every object
two'sbip an innumerable number of
nait s of the ,earth retained a.
t is' the Jewish nation and they

MS.!;o tof: ourknowledge of God is also ,'.
ga of the future lifo' i'.'

.i't:r 'is possible without a correct
reality and this is obtainable nowhere
i. to knPaw from whence we came and whither we
e '..boks awttfen by men there is not one which
4hort'ty bn this subject, sava the book of in-
o 'but 0mnday Schools. In its very opening
ia.s the .":'t3 th that man is the result of God's
f ,.ai gin,. icdkness, sorrow and d-ath is alit"
a .fp6rom all these is pointed out.
li% i: th.e duty of man is clearly mrade known,
te*s ndmants, t6 become perfect in becoming'
i .pl#a! el. Hiimawho has saved us, and all this
n 4 ver il re beautiful ideal person.
Snq*heire so plainly given as in the word
t .eps; .and in all climes its teachin,;,- in r*
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",, ". Ih I .C
eRt'efl : we,: aeodr a[ e
v,& d there the basic of .' '
,& b us, and' then when we .
p ?it g sgenay where chil-
St it hese wondrous and ifa th-
S.aB t v 0a2-e and importance of e .
mot impr esfi onable pe l
Sowedeg form ng its c lar
I, t4'lnumri.* who are gathered into 9 .
itud.4 ari reach of the truths t'
I it the exception of the hon'e ai
aoy known MmOng men is nore p#r~,!r
h ~n the .4punay Solbol.
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,*1Ofti ts PRQoM.t,.-

MRlMY j iAti oty oflrtda within the short space
,eda toe.the organizAtion of the
gegaQa iO n has been nothing less than
n"yIina;f tdile and respects it has excelled
.1C. e ti on,a saving a very few. This is
'ioe fo. a review of the resources wealth,
0* o f'O t odmuntry, the fouth or the state, but
oiemust.ponder well the various elements that
i the. developments and progress of a country
r.-,tn$ he ..rights of the people guar-

lft an* sentowursixtee on h'
dlt it,. working capital in manufacturing from
c iio nd otllar, to upwards of Three Billions
a flioe of Dollars value. The increase
Cfod tm ag p3oult ral products has likewise
Ia feaw:.m1llon of dollars in the same length of
io ..one of DDllare, The forest and the mines
inOaese4 atawbndtirfal rate. Through Routhern
a w" than ,one-third of the totall of the United
.$ rt.fi*fthS of tXlie of Routhern origin, valued
A St f HwAundred.Million of Dollars, annually,
h i noetasOe in your own splendid
PAR ,': ,. ', ,'









e the -Z flueftl of the extension. of the Q
er tb#$a, wPt excel those of any other A
ttf ,.fls hott period of time. K
,'o~f p i wonderfull piece of engineering ,
pWetwuiaPU i4 nttotthe fore-eight and
s onj~4tidA,.;tr ias ani international link
%et t .rtta of these Uhited States here-
n.ttra~J aters ef the sea but has
t .b.C.ge#r other nation. lying south of us(
~i thee countries ,wiI be greatly benefitted
.t, t narKetsl of the world to the mutual benefit
teurnree, .and of the over-taxed and over-bur-
Atensumers The benefits to be obtained

ibll ~:. B 0 oned up by this acheivement/
useid bY Ifidividual Of wonderful resources/,
sWX..oe, .th& :S''.tQr8 dO not produce at Intervals
.'' o..lng ,and ,sefu e life of our oldest citizen,
S4i a%4 te, ei ple of Key West par+ icularly, and
:: a ^.neifghbO~linrg ~nations in this wonderful .
..amw~gagje and foresight of Mr.Flagler
8t er itter.i national importance. Yes, Mr.
..' ,:%@ 3$lgEeen yon B-ehalf of the State Banr s
*'.l?:'"-',:L .t^.'" ^. ,. n L .^ *Y- oj~sc'~b <-w .L .. r ^ s^ r.-







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i l nd as to say Qn their behalf
i, a4the* shre in the progress and
t 11u i '.t41 1 Aprida, and are still en-
tp siersat Q tNs great result.
Y, 4 .. : ".,' ,, ,
..y^ ioiR#Mowledgif6g again your eloquent
i eke, *WWt0'eing the greatly increased
Vea.e "lor!4sa, -we must bear in mind
4#t ...'3 t.i I 10zreased since 1880 a&' r+
Rd4*Pat~ 0Q. pftliaUtlonn in 1911, and that
..!j.|l o ;... -l.. a Pro.ldu tea In 1880 was less
.... mi... (.S5 Millions. That

.r; .,.O A00M-i. ;. tht Our railroad mileage
tiSt;les n189 to 5,900 miles +o-day.
al. Slnk poit $iave increased froml<97.000.oo
g 00.09 to-dar4 ;'T-,hat state Panks have increased
: ,-M, t il* QOO. 00OO,.

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i;9O l.4.t of the ,MaiWa f urine Recoda,
fiOO.0G. shws *,a12 4,, 4.555,7S, verify
hS hvaSiibe State ortsrollere statement,
t 4, l .. -o

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SNot only bas our oitizienahip -nahi a 4 com-
a" Sesrolalli l~ ws but+ hey hare ikwRee been doing yeomanry
S .*'rvioe in offering to the young people of our ~tate oppor-
tu citiess that they so well deserve. The solhool system Of
Florida has been wonderfully extended. Within thie lit t. +.o
rad half decades the amount expended on the extension and
maintenance of our public schools has increased front about
100o: O000oo per annum to nearly Two Millions of dollars .er n-
num. The assessed value of our properties havingg i prresased
Within the last decade from about $96,000.000.oo -.o up'ird
T 0.QP000.000.Oo which only represents a partial exh~.l it
S Wtej. .o0f Flori.da'n population,
.Wonderful as these results rourld indicate, marvelonus
as has been +be influence of bringing then ahbut and.i !.intaining
them, I am pleased to admit on behalf of lie B1anker-r AFssEiation
of Florida repzreented by the Ptate Bankers Aesoriatlor.,'.'!o
are go iDppy to be your gues+.n, that. +heir effor+ta nd
Sachivetente exoel on the lines of developDent ad;i progress
and to aid our oitlaienahip in the pursuit of happiness
all over ou- State in its progress and general :lfare,









a 5:

.A f :IaRgr'atiulae ,aMr. Mayor and your good 1the
', .U anption of the key to the front door of +he entry 'e to the
i ni;' ted states, the gateway to our favorite State and nation,
'h'~@ r' whioh the peoples of commerce from Southern nations
E: .destned to epter. You occupy a unique position In re-
., 1-ti:on to three great achievements of this decade, namely:
I .leat. The oonstruction of the Panama Canal:
-8nd. The Reolamatlon of the Everglades.
W.a.mN ,4,, .pa4 over the Sea...
I~~;R.- .Ltated in the tater Of these great enterprises you idv
the OOmmeroe o to pass through your gates, as
' , the City of Voenoe oommranded the commerce of the Orient in the
Ji'i.. olden time to pass through its port. You have commanded the over
sea railroad to stop within your dominion and you can rely upon
"';' :t 'he EYerg4ades to produce all the products needed any day in
S .' .. the year perpetually. We are proud and pleased to accept your
generous hospitality.



-- ., ,, ,





C., .



.. 4, LADIES AND GBNTLEMEN:
^' is" a:'.pleasure to be with you on this occasion
ipvilege: to express on behalf of Tle Florida Bankers
S nation .the appreciation we feel for yOur generous welcome
j lth. Island Oity,-the home of so many of Florida's distin-
t..., citizenss, not only during the days gone by but who
siide, here now.

To undertake to enumerate the nany distinguished citizens
t .*4 .d e .i splendid services rendered to their State and country
i .. ity, would be t.c. lloa9 .th .. roll of Statesmen, ..
".6 0rre1 as: i:6 1%
SBankers and to the credit of her splendid diti- -
-,nehi from the earliest settlement of Florida to the present
e can be shown accomplishments and acheivements not ex-
i -c "idelled by the citizenship of any otherportion of our beloved

I '.'. Yes, Mr. Chairman, we are glad to come to the Island City
S ade famous in the commercial world by its cigars and meet and
.i::, :.. ingle with those of to-day, and renew old friendships and to
*'extend acquaintanceship in keeping in touch with your people
: in, their achievements and progress.


h ". ;.* .,'. i., .. ,
:-.^ i ^ ,," '1;. ., *,. . ,





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it lSi tb aonr te. a, t.h. .uie
Af' *>2fl&. b sw by *4 4. 1. Euwoefl, the thn Stat. nUper-
rObOee @-ee aerene study pntwds &
:tl thE 03 Z4.the fr I r M neqr In tobller.
..t.Ma.. VT the raeam4am istatlok en reade sn
..r t S4 l at paeb t i ttaatin, mlii at la t .the p e
$1itj~ S* *O aSttobi ; feat, ft d that It lwas steadily
I. to paeoo wo, ag d returned an anni.
att t, tnl 6Muy 44 students
: but pWWIf tent patet w k maw beginning to teU, the
tenet '^a tSimIoE bt h mLe safler t* helo estate B Consel vteb
L 4., %Ie leggwt rntipntste hmyng Stnead Chickens,* a inter.
p hi bWkl t d t1 Msyrety Vt te oabte wa's vary yeouthrw. Tis
*l 4&gId(ml4 the bps W t thath ls ue was changed to State Arftiwlu. l
b iget otf the rePat into the S. A. C, a not uanusS proaeding
*t t oernare after*" t"he OiPnag of the college, the Basd of Trstea s
-,4 10*l.;ee YoM WoOM 'agnn til fifty feaW young woee ar ewie od
I4 #at os d :ntips Is the higher branches at educa tion,
t0 t4 a* InstijUtta. The S sdataI of we0 eue siatated eaSy slight
ee *Sde ae, stWiny to Oper atr1n. That wes a purely uoaan
US*11a p'Ve htei atr OSiwr fesd, that oP hksx, *schoe aAn society.


A '









re air ~at e ar to gte4 n but -as the ps reWy Oejet of the
. t(:IP s bB aM 6 # t h 0aitoe f sa the sQW hwe ben st
SWt piS kM weM 1 40 thh" t o ea at t es t*l fue as-
.. b na e et f teso -~maihtK keeir ta and sW& efarsofa
l tep y *$ Th u Iasna tim Orraugf hSent ha
A 4 t^ 1p wMp, W B ISen. U"a. lb to matWver 4wtaWo
sawlp ebOrt, It is better to ktnw a for thinp allm than to ket
to Oief # h thaOW tat. If Werao th0e 0 atie~1ts banoe. from a
I 34 t eS that bbh can s thAe *tmltda B sat his eomanwd, by absnw'
sf puve.s*k tMROett ina iak bribes wt t wt1-4nawe for him a mea of
ft*hbifm t Mwt*1 u"4 the MepatrfmntmssA44 C7 f .1 I' Iu L -e Z-
O4t1eeI t o M prmpnad a 0Palar plwr Mi fact as to freit-
alt the bueMuato xneId at Speoal aseesandButitA for these, but it was not
Vat Stt astttbiman iTa ia a pettle to prwse a bhautif ito that
ltil4 sVr yaW0 Q$lUat, a Mt*t, SVledifts but IaenSpieTo building WaS
I twoe$'" f1t th us n b S hff 0t, X.L K. Foeter, aaseV'dFstor Hall."
migrO to iAe 4eslwrtaaUn at the State DEmoaratEq CQenvstiot in favor of a
HN^ ptt mi5i4tj ta4 4r.l.Ieao ebe4Ae4 enr fin rst mess wa to the
Su 3hat b apr1pri*A*te 10,0009*,00 tfr the buprevasast at aoupport
MdOWf as*Of ths maO s's .i ta XWaI wU3 d 1908, and we -" the
grt mi$ e Iaeumst teW s"oflhg, Ito grants, rsnprw a the teig-
ap mE 0S the ASW Beaon Mha1w, urbh ori asmeeblad hwoe tMay to ded-
. OaNAU 4f isaton a SA to the yeath of the Watet. Betoro I leave this
-4ai- M I Molre to aeQl atteUt t to the aufmSicone of Mr. Flagler
A 4L^ the 4tt" e of a Sytaaia ftor the *oleoge, and in the naMs
-T thife Ste at the s tuwnts clg tb @11w, to tafnk him for his geneap-
bet tlattag U ll a be it proes otf eaortion and it will not be mny
Ml tMh smth aB te t m tiaes wtU bI cogeWt.O,


U~:
* (I.
'i r' .




- - - - -.



MR. PresidentLadles and Gentlemen:
It is indeed a pleasure to be
S here today To see this out pouring of the people and to rejoice with
thie and with the people of the whole state over the addition and dedi-
Oation of this beautiful Soleno* Hall to the Family of buildings that
S make up the State Agricultural College.
DLooking at it today with its handsome buildings, its broad beau-
tiful.. rouds and its every where air of thrift and vigor, it is hard to
real tatihat this Institution had such a struggle to come to life and
suahoa harder one for years to come to exist. It is a youth yet, but a
handasfe luoty youngster, the pride and admiration of the whole state.
The itory of the College is an interesting one On the 2nd of A*
July 186 'Congress appropriated to the several states Land script
amounting to 30,000 aores of public land for each senator and represen-
tative in.Congress. Under this Act Florida became entitled to Script for
9o,ooo acres of land. There was a condition to the grant and that was
that every state or territory that desired to avail its self of the
provisions of the Act, must proceed within five years from the date of
the passage of the Act, to establish an Agricultural College .Fortunate-
ly for Florida there were other states and territories as unprepared as
she, to establish the College prescribed and the Act was modified that
these other states might get the benefit and Florida come in under the
amended' proves ons.
Oa the 18th, of February 187o the Legislature decided to establish
ah Agricultural College and the Act decreeing its location and erection
was passed. The law provided for a Board of Trustees who were authoriz-
ed to claim and receive the land script, sell and assign, or locate and
sell the lands and transfer the same. The Trustees were authorized to
use ten per oentum of the proceeds from sales, to purchase a site for an
experiment farm, the balance to be invested in United States or State
bonds bearing not less than 6% interest and to be held as a permanent
fund or endowment.
!*'








In May 1870 the Superintendent of public Instructions, Hon. C.
thuaon ChasMe, reported that the script representing the Agricultural
an could not be located in the State because all the United States
Lands in Floria were reserved for homestead entry In the light of
what afterwards oourred this was a fortunate thing for the youth of
towy and the State astlarge Owing to the reservation and to the xaut
idbUlity of the Trustees to get hold of the script the College scheme
wae hel4' ia obeyanoe until 1872, In that year the law was amended and
the Board ~I trustees organized under the Act of March Soth.and directed
the *xeputlve Coanittee of the Board to take prompt and effectual mea-
esresa to securee the Agricultural College script, and the Secretary of
the Board was requested to solicit donations to the College as an in-
ducement to its location In furtherenoe of this project a general plai
and course of study was outlined. No funds came into the hands of the M
Board nor waeit successful in securing any part of the scrip due the
State. In Janary 1875 a proposition to locate the College in Alachua I
County was made, the offer coming from Hon. David L. Yulee and the
citizens of Alachua County to donate $5o,ooo. in cash 2o,ooo acres of
land and free transportation for all material necessary to be used in
the oanstruction of the buildings which proposition was accepted, the
Executive Committee acting on behalf of the Trustees, to select the lo-
oatioa, the. Executive Oomittee wa again authorized to draw up and
receive from the Secretary of the Interior the scrip due the College anl
dispose of it at not less than 85cs. per acre ot to locate the scrip
on Western lands. Tn May the scrip vras sold at 90 ots. on the dollar
and the proceeds invested in Florida bonds. The necessary papers ondotn
-ed for transfer and the Exeoutive Committee Instructed to to proceed
to make the location in Alachua County, failing to do so to invite
propositions from other parts of the state. The scheme to locate the
College in Alachua County failed to materialize cwin6 to lack of avail-
able funds to take the preliminary steps and in 1874 the Collage was
seemingly no nearer to establishments.





, ,

PAGE 3.

WM thea $SIt at its oltizens provide so well, it behooves the son's and daughter's
-l Sk. g .e to. of the eapprtunities offered, and by their use prove their apprecia-
tidt and daPi|itate toh *eieL of thb legislature in placing the means at their command
to ba fWe4 th e q lves that priceless possession, a thorough education.
.'W. is snot a 'etl in life that has not been and can not be advanced and imp-
pr V6d b:y 44tation.Un, is n the side of the heriest battallione," said Napolean.
UWhl tit jI ittared a t etury age it wauaF1ie for education had not become general
t *I. :*14 of battle was turned by brate foree, bat as education has become more
gSamrtp, history has beown that an educated sold'ery is mere powerful and successful
tha trhe~-ha ~re usmduated. I do not mean to say tbt educated soldiers ,ranied to
the ftliaoisel of am, All soldiers have been thus trained from time ioral, I mean
tho itauVidual eaopoeing the battalions are educated men; educated in the schools and
colleges and letterr trained as soldiers. If education can counteract the effects
of rifle, avswr, ba eets, and big guns, powder, balls and shells, and snatch suc-
oes ~ta wevorwelmiag numbers, what can it not compses when it deals with the less
dea ly but sere subtle question of fiansee, goveuesnt and commercial and industrial
d4evtopmeats.
Itt weuld kb the uneducated man be able to do with the millions of the banks,
the: thMaot1; A of miles of railway, the. humming wheels of factories, the fleets of
oomI Ogeroo, the bred eares of gi and cotton, the deep shafts of the mines,
the great I derground thoroughfares, te gigantic bridges, or the thousands of others
oeloeasl atoeprians Of to-day. Education has made them possible, education has
breaght thGl Into be0i, and education alone can successfully manage and control them.
The unatscsted, Untrained mind can not hope to grasp, to originate, or to di-
rest apy Sgrt aSr r e and in the lesser undertakings thought skill and educa-
tion lead aad aoesed where ignorance falls by the wayside exhausted and in despair.
The breeder the education, the longer the vista that opens up before it and the
greater the possibilities presented for success in the- lV4e undertakings that pre-
sent themselves.


I I III I 'I







PAGE 4.

If If turn boek to the pages of history we see that i# every crais of the world from
the first resorBdt pge to the present day, the educated men have lead, directed and
eocttolled, teor-. time they sa have been ver4acahs*t y ignorance and numbers, but
.----..-. .____. h a been only for a very short time. As the wheels of time
roUled atsm*Uy as ignorewne and physical strength f et before the subtle unseen power
of cultivated intellect and bowed in humble submission to its dictates. I wish that
I eal34 Oqy. ,I power was Iwysu used for good, but unfortunately education misapplied
is a pewrft for evil as It is for goed. Alfred the Great, himself an educated
maw, reAiaed that if he would have a powerful and an unconquerable nation he must
have an edlastte people for his subjects, ind that the more highly educated the
people the tbtter subject they would be, so he established Oxford University. That
was over eleven hundred years age, and we see to-day in the rich and powerful British
empire the result of Alfred's wisdom. This first University begat otepra, the hintskf
for kanmwedge g with what it fed upon until now education, civilization, culture
and enterprise are synonymous terms, one can net exist without the other, and no state -
or pOplpe oen hope to make any progress without education.
Tbhe Chs"airs and Puritans hoe first settled this country, although in
many oaaroteristtlos in most in fact, as far apart as day and night, met on the cmn-
Son great of eodeaWtin and we find them each bending every energy and devoting their
time and reuoaues to the establisbmtat of schools and colleges, and in fostering ed-
estles as their first and most important work and duty. Tp Genius can and does
aoeopPlish wonderful results sometimes, but genius the most brilliant that ever start-
led the world is hampered by lack of education. Just as it reaches its grandest pe-
riods it looses its force and failed in its points, because it lacks the education need-
ed to brin ant the full effects of its work.












a A*redBS let because the edUation that would t7wi the witioim froan
th #l'" i pier, the Imlk.draH ptSture to the glorious story is not there.
at' tth toibaUm b SWfltiettl*, *dMuntAn without genius, all-powerful. What
t 'e gaimw I t rly sqlpl i by study, mental training, observation

I ., :





.0 TJ.



&.. s I d rsire to express *my profound tl.anks
*nttpaid me. by the invitation to address you toc, :y.
t' at Invitation feeling that I shall fall far short

S .There is this however in my favor,we have a coomo2i

: g' found upon which we all meet,a field in which we are
i'....Interested; That of education,education in its strictest

s't .setsse. We are gathered where every surrounding suggests
iarest and nearest to us, uand it is but natural that the ,ind

aebac.k over the past in search of the cause that created, and the

S zt~dtaed this institution and offered that most preolcus of all

j 4 ae lons, an education. To the history of thq institution and

i'e. eti ~ ;ao tion,, I propose to address myself ton.cigh- hopirg that E-

o.:i"ht'te^t in a common cause will lead y'ou to overlook mn' shortucings.
& r:.Om ;i.all,almost insignificant beginnings have grown all the grandest

':6-i ef.uL,,and most Imprrtant enterprises and institutions t.h- '..orld has


. *a'a .. ,%...-- ; . . i I


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i:^t ?7^I ** -

A' few hundred pounds given by Rev. John Harvard created the first Ixna

i le,- '. f iihigher education in America. Over two hundred years later
| ^ th.i's .-part of the country was yet ypung Deacon Josiah Penfield,
ia~bYW the same lofty ambition to help his fellow man, gave 25oo.as
,uiL''"for education and from thalittle consecrated benefice has grown

:t ,gtand educational institution ,a monument, more enduring than brass 'r
,t.:tne to the man who made it possible, the man whose name it bears and the

'. ink'.who made it a living pulsing fact to bless all coming generations.
Early in the last century a few of the ministers of the Baptist.. Church
n 'Georgia realized that the lack of education was limiting the sphere of

ai',sefulness of the majority of the ministry. The increase of knowledge and
, culture among the people was pushing the ministry into the back ground and
I, leaving it powerless to do ought but watch the stream of souls sweep past
".without the power to either interest,check or direct its onward course.
I, Education among the people had to be met by better education among the
Ministers.

L ( t'






? (3r'
IjT; v .p : Mdrceri'S Serwood, Shannon and a few others
SiPrache4: amd prayed for the means to educate
e IP e BtiediatQ on to descend.upon the land.
11tl leaven lavenoth the whole lump." From tfa's
i t pi pirtt r that has given us not only this grandA
t r ke -unto it and with the means a desire for edo-
to greater.desire as eaoh suooessive step to the tem-
jas surmounted It took almost 2o years of hard,often
F .qplqefs work to take the first visible step. That was tak-
iOt'i e.S7th.o of June 1822. Seven years later Deacon Josiah
~ iing foZ.ro educational purposes a bequest of S26oo. oondi
*n44t:..' ontribution of a like sum by the Baptist Convention. The
Si.i*. eSoi*.awas promptly raised. Rev. Jesse Mercer heading the list
BIDS -W..'Ut it twa#'inot until 1831 that the Baptist Convention felt
,, It gns enough financially to hope for a home school and even ;.
th i,.hWs nly a hope as is shown by the resolution adopted which was ,
ow'.ae' the 'fuds will justify it,this convention will establish
4^*t ,rntra. part ,4fth6 state a Classical,and theological school,
.,~~~~n ": .,h .ia school,,..j" .
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w. hioh, ahal unite agricultural labor with study and be opened to thse
.onl preparing for the ministry." In 1832 in Powelton, where the scheme

v;i;t. s the light, the above resolution was 'aminid to admit tAlers
itade, students in divinity. Here it was that the executive committee
0 i4i, directed to purchase the site seven miles north of Greensboro (Ca.)
| and. on e fIrst of January 1853 the school was opened with 39 students,
Xnl honor of the man who made the school possible the place was named
,.' Peztiflld, and as an everlasting monument to him who had worked so long
'.and so faithfully in the cause of higher education, the name of Mercer
.Institute was conferred upon the school. In 1837 the Institute had grown

'so strong that the central Association recognized its power for good and
Contributed $So,ooo. to endow the Chair of Languages and Saored Literature,
In Dec. 1857 the Executive Committee determined to widin the field of
usefulness of the Institute and to change the name to Mercer University,
They obtained a charter vesting the control of the school in a Board of
Trustees and adding materially to its privileges and powers.

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In 1839 the first Board of Trustees was chosen and among the names
of these selected to guide and direct the course of the University we
Find four of the men who worked so faithfully for nearly four decades in

the oause of higher education and the first on the list is that of Jesse

Mercer. The other three were J.H.T.Kilpatriok, B.M. SandersL: .: and Adiel

Sherwood. .

In 1841 the first class graduated and received its diplomas.

It consisted of Richard M. Johnson A.B.,Welborne and B. P. Tharpe, a

lawyer, a doctor and a minister. In 1844 the manual labor department was

abandonedrenaccount of expense, because it had failed to accomplish the

object designed and because it retarded the growth of the institution.

The next So years of the existence of Mercer University, that is

until the war broke out between the states, the progress of the school

was stead and its successes phenomenal, but war laid its emaciating

hand upon the institution and when it lifted itleft confusion, financial

embarrassment and demoralizationac.sits finger marks. During the war the
College organization had been preserved a sort of living skeleton4 4i
p1th-.






, I, -, .
(a)
Si d in. December 1865 the Trutteess began the work of rehabilitating the
.t -i. Its financial condition was bad its isolation was against
.t. s' jehms and the question of. removal was seriously and earnestly
3tae In Aprit 187o the Convention by an overwhelming vote resolved
:o : t'-"t .e the Utoversity from Penfield* Shortly after the action by the
'i .r j a ooamittee of the Convention and the Board of Trustees met
l .4. eile'ted Macon as the new location for the University and the City
ei.,-a, .the institution a tract of land and $125,ooo. in City bonds,
With the energy enthusiasm and earnestness that has characterized eveWy
~.g.6pittee and every Board of Trustees of Mercer, the Board went to work to

.:ereot the necessary buildings for the aooomodation of the faculty and
i-t'Odentt and worked &s fast and so well that the college was formally
Si:'opened in Maoon in March 1871 with 81 students. From half of a dozen in
1857 the roll had grown to 26o in 1898':. From three graduates in 1841 to
6. in 1898 but it is not the numbers of students, it is the men who Ac.er-
-"graduatedand the places they fill in lifq, that tpll the star of Mercer
I'iand its work,and these men have written Meroer at the top Cf te scrollof
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I,.all the changes ,the fluctuations in values, the panics and
tCkistej LUrtEag and following the war, the origAnal endowment was
Mi.VMost in its entirety. Every Board of Trustees and every
s. i a the creation of the fund have guarded their trust with
l :a ie and have succeeded, not only in preserving it but in
e4i ltianvested in producing seoureties. In all the changes that '
,ie Me Nroer has always changed for the better, until today the '.
ftfl y io rt agnized as one among the beststanding in the front
ii.of the educational institutions of the land.
.ie;' walls. of Meroer have looked down upon a long line of brilliant
wiho are proud to claim her as their benign mother. Her children

ie gone into every field and every land and in all the walks of life
ite gathered laurels for themselves and reflected honor on this
negated and venerable institution. To call the roll of her distinguished
...enatd and venerable institutions
,;i.Qosa would be to' call 14 F. roll of her
iti =:








graduates for every one of them has impressed himself for good uppn the community,
in which he elected to make his home. As an incentive to the youth of our land,
to the young gentlemen who are following after them I must name a few of Mercers
thousandB sons, men who have made her name and the name of Georgia famous in liter-
ature and science and in allthe learned professions.
As I stand here to-r't e I see in fancy a glorious array of men,whose
splendid minds, developed and cultivated by Mercer University, marching proudly
from the college doors to carry the light of better days, of better life and noble
ambitionseo their less fortunate fellowmen. Leading the column in the first grad-
uaPie~-P trsamtile, brilliant, Richard M. Johnson, aRLe hr, jurist and educator,
Sand flf-owing close on his footsteps come physicians, surgeons, theologians, authors
jurists, soldiers, stattuen, farmers, merchants, financiers, manufac turanzrairoad
magnates, and men of great affairs, all leaders, each a power in the field of action
he has selected for himself and each living up to all the obligations of that grand-
est and noblest word of the English language, the word Buty.
As the line moves on my eye falls on ikat a statesman or a soldier whose
name is a proud heritage to his state and his career a grand incentive and example
to his fellowr -, to the youth of to-day and to all who f5 lew after them. Close
behind Richard M. Johnson I see R. B. Hubbard of the class of 51, Lawyer, statesman,
member of the Texas Legislature, Colonel of the 22nd Texas Infrantry of the Con-
federate Army, Lie' Governor and Governor of Texas, United States Minister to the
Empire o Japan and a Georgian. r ,, ./ ".
"^CiM-^i- ^ ..." .-.'J -" -.. .-'- '. .. .. ,
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, .... ... .. '' ,.- '

':.iz. fti ."r'on I mark the distinguished educator, statesman, la maker, Gov-
S'pro.t. erand encourager gf all good enterprises, W. J. Northern,
"ie thi 'd. the line ptordly marches Allen D. Candler, who rose by mer-
...f.. .nt.tqtKr to Colonel of a regiment in the' Confederate Army, and
lt o.t war had passed away, claimed up the rugged uncertain steps of
r ent until now mati* he honors the proud position of Governor of
1t n flashes with'glorious names, too many of them to be enumerated,
ni tL1, laid down their lives on the bloody fields of battle, some
'i,$ve gave their lives for their fellowmen in plague stricken cities
"f 4 $hers, weary of the struggle have crossed over the river to rest
1 '4 i precious weloome,"Well done, thou good and faithful servant."
*. ..& trsd deeds of the departedtisoribed on the hearts of the living,
be pages of the history of the itate and cherrished as a precious mem-
SlIi' thirf es .drop out the lines close up and press ; forward, ever forward,
i:e eager -to fill the place allotted to him in life. The men of Mercer
.4Ai wydt#.red far, other states claim them, and other states have been proud to
i he l.umni of Mercer University by placing them at the head of their schools
:. .I Krof .re'a pp .. st important enterprises, satisfied,with a Mercer man to lead,
4; ',L *P4 wo l4.be well, We find our Sister state has honored an Alumni
to:' the o-lVernorship, the highest office and hopor ,that .the people
ttte''0,U- tbestow. I refer to our distinguished friend'', e?6ffr Jelks.
S". '. "i, '. ~k; 01 back over the work of this institution, at the work of to-day
..*e;h r yotpg faces that greet us at every turn, I am forcible reminded of
t'"" le te.f o- Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, who said, A mans education should begin
.'jo.ne, a4 ed y aps before he is born." The advance of the parents is manifest in
Sp.i, .: l4rein d I, can .ot help wondering what the future holds, and I yield to the
i t .,ot4o. paipt in btle richest hues the coming years of our beloved land, know-
S ':: 1 feeling. that as eash generation, gathering strength of intellect,of wor4ts of
S ... prpose and of culture from thei~i parents, steps upon the field of action the world
g:.ustgrow better until humanity will be nearly akn to the Angels and place and con-
tentment dwell on all the earth,
.... ( / '






itise|atlu mn% pMiope muai t Ste frMu the generations that preceeed
i learn .bY:daily experience, by study, by observation, but,
St4 fiton his individual effortf4 much of his effort will be
''enlia .of his ltne of thought and attdy., The sentiment,
i l*t tron the present to future generations', engraved
I aS.peals strongly to me and gives a clear expression
comlng gin6rations. If we fail to use every
SuralvTe and our children, we are recreant to
deserve tb fall in all our undertakings, and to see
appointmente
i* ri i ^ walk in life, a professibn, trade, calling or business
i4& .t of, trained minds to lead Industrial development wants
4~r.t6er trained leaders, Captains of industry, skilled woroken,
.. faetories,,-men of Ideas and the ability be tork out
e natural resources of this state and the whole south are
|. than St any other part of this Union, but the di covereryoft
.t......... 1e iOtt0s pAel to accident. Capital in abundance
,' itr finv6*tment in industrial enterprises, for the full development
S theii resources, but we lack competent men to pfan,to organize and direct
t %.1"'the way shd maaage the various enterprises. This is true of 1
i!i .if tries all over the land even of our agriculture. A director of aon-
' eariment" station writing last year says; We can do little
S Fe i lprov the agricultural methods of farmers until a new generation
Sed tate d wh' ean and will apply iaSm scien tfic methods and keep
aple A~~ut.eo' Look at this and think of the years of labor and the Ml&
io #t do ears spent to create and make effective our schools and colleges
*al over tas land. When we feel and.know this to be true we are despondent
S 4' would bOe hopeless and disheartened but for the light that shines so
satM OI through the sl ly but ever widening rifft in the dark clouds of
., .,' j, e ,,J "
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The mare possession of a scientific ruth is of itself valueless but the
effter J r 'ired to acquire that truth makes the truth valuable because
the effort has etduated and trained and fitted the mindrAfthe student
to seare for other truths, to educate himself.
.. ...iP.i. iho iwtl say "It can not be too earnestly inculcated that
**: ks' 1 toj net% the principle end of college b uaat&zten, but habits.
i 9 4i 9 4gt14ttt0a Oft knowledge is the necessary result of these exercises
Stha 4n ath isn habits hence the end and the aim of training should
b: the !:i oaen of correct habits, of stuadgand of work. It is the
ad ofedisatio n, of thought, of ideas, who must lead all through life.
w eih have studied the past and sought out the causes for the
S -ro t oy.atIes and of seemingly perfectly planned enterprises, look
14 intoei the future and point the road to success. They may for a season
b:tipred~~ but in the end their ideas, worked out and developed, will
o"t e a'ead defy all opposition. It is the high general education which
hapes the alnds and controls the opinions of the age in which the -stu-
ldent.ives and eaves its impress on all who come after. Education is
Sboth conservative and progressive, conservative because it seeks and
.finds the truth and acts only on what has been demonstrated to be firm
sad safe. Its conservatism is a security against ll digested plans
isad isonary projects, it is a constant protection to all who will heed
,i" i*iggestions. It is progressive because having found the solution
if &a h'ob~l it gives the ability, the training, the energy and the pus
i e Ito impreos its views upon minds equally as well trained as well as
o.elathose not p. enlarged by research and study. It protects from rash-
ness. from false maxis and from partial knowledge, that most dangerous
a p &deceptive of aj. a owldtde.
T he Univerpoa si oe~~ the conservators of educational experience ,
be, r.esrvoirs into wh% h the streams of information pour and are gath-
.. Sand held for future use. They are the recognized guides of public
e.l.atibs. The Univelrity that entirely fills its place in the scheme
S: i dUeaton ~and culturerises to the defence of ideality and the mainte-
; cOtOf spirituality, .n the ideal and the spiritual depend ourhope for
al lofty ambitionid a$ exalted motives





is tt 1i te i4 and spiritual in ou atutkes that creates patriotism, love
Sof e@ y ,t:seve: 6f ahOme and afl the nobler sentiments that move men to
'b1a glorious deedasi
tlesa, schools, education, have had honest but misguided mae
O' eatt.hon tQ oppose them because thaWe men fearr1 that inves-
kAnd in w"r47 hostile to religion because of little knowledge,
i.alarml4ts, cowards, fana*as and doubters. Their little knowl-
es them.fear their faith is not well founded and gearing this/c-r
S#eh tfor the truth. There is no danger to be apprehended
A andi investigation. Scientific investigation will not in
i, .dogwn faith, weaken devotion or destroy righteousness All
Sleaorn of scientific men have added to the strength of the
Aj reme Being because they all point steadily to the settled
i 4ll it Pesigner and all these studies proclaim the doctrine that
,b8as :eh alteth a iatien" and the very essence of Christianity,
pE-ovpEI d and the love of our neighbor is strengthened and anchored
jthe1 .*bs and investigations of scientists and the teaching of the
) iA n institution devoted to the development of truth and its
V o the teaching and instilling of moral discrimination and
bl ;a .eeean not he birthplace the home or the herald of harm. As
n pthS4t, 88so in the future will individuals err, false ideas will pro-
S' .p~ophets i "11 rise and for a time will have theL r followers,
*I::rl _inetentlects, peiraps honestly mistaken or disturbed by disease
r. !rz1:'tua, will 8 d3 and deocive; error,like disease, must be
~st it, a..4 11 its tries analised and understood before the method
:: eo ,etton can be cleared and the truth made manifest. The best way
Sto abbat erer to pr .ent the lodgement of false ideas, to disarm the
11si lli :t but istakj mind is to train the intellect and develop the
i'tipigrl:ty of j' to- tStat and encourage habits, methods ai d
i&.at &le ad tat S 't6he firp establishment and wide dissemination of
gr9ot4 a$ ethe graduates of Mercer University showasathat this
a i .r4tione of all its work and as te years of its rowh
i" arown in sdos had firmness of purpose to t
IIN, fl'w know that though all time to come Mercer University will ever'%Si
p' point the waj to honor .to success and to true happiness.
4t ~_






ltr tl* gd asthoritry at at the beginning of the last
A iTl"ye t with few exceptions the ministers of the Baptist
iMti ..n iGeorgia were s ioast without education. If the
S 'T'aS Iiandt, how must At have been with the majority of their
.if.."l;.tt the picture as drawn by Dr. Hillyer and then turn to
Slhaw aet itself to-day. Thanks to the awakening of the people
sit.iaiti tions of such men as Jesse Mercer and his co-baborers,
S ol01, to the e wspapers, to Mercer University and its
H ttions we can see and realize the wonderful changes that
ht in one hundred years and in these changes hope springs
a.and we are ready as we turn toward the clouds kissed
SOf education, to lay our hands to the share assured that
r.laet see the realization of our hopes, the effects of the
ill be transhtted.,amplffled and glorified in our children
t1 generation. Each decade marks a decided increase
4e attendance and a constantly growing desire for knowledge for
Qor IXh this desire lies our hope for the future.
l'en is expensive it matters not how it comes or what its
rpt it s costly but no matter wRa4 the cost, Ignorance and illit-
fltll a greater cost. Mere intellectual training does not con-
e nation. We have it demonstrated every day that intellectual
s.....'pat as valuable .to the ambitious criminal as it is to the
amd tusated citizen. The power that knowledge gives is
L It is R$ ful. It Is the province of education to guide
1.a %tra ,ng and market effectual for good, not only for
tinitdbal but .f all with whom the student may come in contact in
Sothinf g ed~it tion that does not, out of a boy or girl, make a
S'r a wa- with o laacity to see the truth, to know the gight, with
eosenees to Pc pe- the full performance of every duty and with an
r' i'i g ambition to work for and to help to raise up and divance
. b.t a .id hlehbat.tbterist of hkb country and his fellowmenj rising
hi serve, climbing a!: he delves, growing in power and capacity from
,'very wrk that he is doing, the education he is gaining.





Io and n td. o d Wnlivfaities and through
h i th i may emo r lle the United States show an en-
of; nenty sixteen millions more than 805 of our population with
e atteidaiee of upwaW ,of 0I million pupils instructed by
P_5,O letohers making a total school and college enrollment 6f over
J7 A sfvio*~ ith 16,738,Se58 attending schools anu receiving an eoneation.
i eelearoy of Georgia was the *ro uct of a benevolent impulse. The
S4philanthropist James Oglethorpe struck with compassionn at the
*e condition 6f the English p06r conceived the design of forming
H ".a Ia fWAiLn America. The chief abuse to which the poor of En-
t''ei 4n. imprisonment for debt, such was the law of the
ia i tfl'l English laborers becoming indebted to the rich were
...n.... Jit ; thrown into jail. Their families were generally left
iSt*ery. and esat tion. This crime against htia4kity became so common and
1111t'0rige ht 4 Y, c of the oppressed reached Oglethorpe's great heart
AM..4a "i- be opedied' and'the poor victims of poverty
'o t o return to their ffetiUege MBen Oglethorpe petitioned
King Seo~ge the Second for the privilege of granting a colony in America
Iira was greatSd, ad the new province was called reorgia. Oglethorpe
q vler, a soldier, a member of parliament, e friend to the friend&
tt''l ite amthir of a fundamental goyeruental prin le that can never be
Sef 4e~ student oifxfort. May the students of Micer University ever
S t the great ritoniplee of a m ent 6g tk people, by the people
Sand f br the people and maintain ada,. person saylf a wise and frugal
'Ve goveyeriment which shally restrain men-a StUainjuring one another,
bshiL ` leave them otherwise free to rJ ate their own pursuits of industry
. and:improvdmetnt and shall not take rb 2he mouth of tkx labor the bread
.it ia earned.

V;f
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