Group Title: Miscellaneous Papers
Title: Taliaferro, James P. (also see Box 1): 1901-1904
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Finding Guide: A Guide to the William Sherman Jennings Papers
 Material Information
Title: Taliaferro, James P. (also see Box 1): 1901-1904
Series Title: Miscellaneous Papers
Physical Description: Archival
Publication Date: 1901-1904
Physical Location:
Box: 25
Folder: Taliaferro, James P. (also see Box 1): 1901-1904
 Subjects
Subject: Jennings, William Sherman, 1863-1920.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094876
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Full Text







TALIAEERRO AIND SEMINOLE PENSIONS.


In the matter of pensions to survivors of the Seminole Indian

Wars, Senator Taliaferro, on December 10, 1901, introduced Senate bill

1540, "to amend an act entitled 'An act granting pensions to the survi-

vors of the Indian wars of 1832 to 1842, inclusive, known as the Black

Hawk VWar, Creek War, Cherokee Disturbances and the Seminole War,' appro-

ved July 27, 1892."
Congressional Record, Vol. 35, page 231.

This bill was reported adversely by the Committee on Pensions and

indefinitely postponed by the Senate.
Ibid, page 2771.

Mr. Sparkman introduced tqo House bills with like title, which died

in the House Committee on Pensions.
Ibid, page 94.

Senator Mitchell, of Oregon, on December 4, 1901, introduced a

bill -- Senate bill 640 -- "to extend the provisions, limitations and

benefits of an Act entitled (same title quoted above).
Ibid, page 129.

Mitchell's bill, as amended in the Committee, passed the Senate.
Ibid, page 1860.

As further amended, it passed the House.
Ibid, page 6885.

Senate accepted House amendments.
Ibid, page 6898.

Mitchell's bill approved by President.
Ibid, page 7552.


III












COMMERCE AND LABOR.


Prior to 1902 there had been an independent Department of Labor --

independent of all Cabinet officers -- the Commissioner of Labor report-

ing direct to the President.

Senator Nelson's bill "to create a Department of Commerce" proposed

to incorporate the department of labor under the jurisdiction of the

Secretary of Commerce as a bureau of his department.

Senator Pettus offered an amendment. the effect of which would be

to strike the department of labor from the Depattment of Commerce and

leave it as it was -- independent of all Cabinet departments.

Upon the motion to adopt the Pettus amendment, Senator Taliaferro

voted Aye. The amendment, however, was rejected.

Later, an amendment by Senator Bacon to insert the words "and labor"

after the words "Department of Commerce," wherever the latter occur in

the bill, was adopted without division.
See Congressional Record, Vol. 35, pp. 1050-52.


-M I I M


I I











KEY WEST NAVAL STATION.

Mr. Taliaferro introduced an amendment to the Naval appropriation

bill to appropriate $25,950.00 to enable the Secretary of the Navy to con-

summate the purchase of additional land adjoining the naval station for

naval purposes at Key West.
Congressional Record, Vol. 35, page 5255.

The amendment was agreed to in the Senate.
Ibid, page 6486.

The bill passed the Senate. Ibid, page 6540

House noncuncurs in Senate amendments, and conferrees appointed.
Ibid, page 6868.

House recedes from disagreement as to Taliaferro's Key West amendment

and agrees to same. Ibid, page 7187.

Bill, containing said amendment, approved by President.
Ibid, page 7794.


I~ I I I


I









GRADING NATIONAL BAN-S.

The currency bill was under consideration in t:i Senate February 15,

1900. Senator Nelson offered an amendment to grade National Banks accord-

ing to population, which was agreed to without division.
Congressional Record, Vol. 33, pages 1834-5.

The bill House Bill 1, referred to in the Record as the Currency

bill) was then passed, containing Nelson's amendment above. Taliaferro

voted No upon the passage of the bill.
Ibid, page 1835.




GOLD VS. COIN OF STANDARD VALUE.

While the Senate was considering Senate substitute for House Bill 1,

the Currency bill, Senator Stewart offered an amendment to strike out

after the word "interest" the following: "ingold coin of the present stan-
Ii
dard value, and insert "in coin of standard value of the act of July 14,

1870."

Senator Aldrich moved to lay that amendment on the table. Ayes and

Noes were demanded, and upon the motion to table Stewart's amendment,

Taliaferro voted No.
Congressional Record, Vol.33, page 1829.

I 'l 7 !' !W H IW,- W Wi"/- -


a i


1 1 1 I I ---*







--L~-1- \


RAILROAD CO1MiISSION MEASURES -- LEGISLATURE' OF 1893.


REPRESENTATIVE JENNINGS' RECORD.

House Bill No. 3 -- By Michelson, of Madison:

"To establish Florida Railroad Commission, and to prescribe

its duties and powers, to regulate transportation of Passengers and

Freight, to prescribe penalties for violations of this act, and to

provide means and rules for its enforcement."

Introduced April 5, 1893. House Journal,1893, page 15.

Referred to Committee on Railroads. 34.

In a lengthy report, the House Committee on Railroads and Teleg

graphs "urge extreme caution in the passage of a bill" and report this

one "without action." Ibid, pages 548-552.

IMade special order for May 23rd.

Ibid, page 709.

On MTay 23rd this bill was taken up as a special order, and read

the second time. Mr. Fortner moved to strike out the enacting clause,

which was adopted. Ibid, page 805.

Mr. Jennings moved to reconsider the vote by which the enacting

clause was stricken out, and to lay the motion to reconsider the vote

on the table, which was adopted.
Ibid, page 805.


II.


House Bill No. 220 -- By Messrs. Fletcher, Wilson, Nelson and

Matthews:

"To be entitled an act to provide for the regulation of railroad

schedules, freight and passenger tariffs, and location and building of

passenger and freight depots in this State; to prevent unjust discrimi-

nation in the rates charged for the transportation of passengers and

freight; and to prohibit railroad companies, corporations and lessees

in this State from charging other than just and reasonable rates, and to

punish the same; and to prescribe the mode of procedure and rules of

....- evince in relation thereto; to select commissioners and to prescribe

their duties and powers."











This bill was xxmasxo t introduced April 24, 1893, and referred to

the Committee on Railroads and Telegraphs.

House Journal, 1893, pp.257-258.

In a lengthy report, the House Committee on Railroads and Tele-

graphs "urge extreme caution in the passage of a bill" and report this

one "without action." Ibid, pages 548-552.

Made special order for May 23rd.
Ibid, page 709.

On May 23rd, this bill was taken up as a special order and read

the second time. Mr. Cochran moved to indefinitely postpone the bill.

Mr. Michelson moved the previous question, which was agreed to, and stated

to be: "Shall the bill be indefinitely postponed?" Mr. Jennings voted

Aye. The motion to indefinitely postpone prevailed, 34 to 20.
Ibif, pages 804-805.

,r. Shine moved to reconsider the vote by which this bill was

indefinitely postponed, and to table that motion; which was agreed to.
Ibid, page 805.


III.


On June 2nd the Secretary of the Senate informed the House that the

Senate had passed :

Senate Bill No. 248:

"A bill to be entitled ah act to prevent unjust discrimination
in the rates charged for the transportation of passengers and freights
by railroad companies and other common carriers, and to prohibit railroad
cor.Lanies and other common carriers in this State from charging other
than just and reasonable rates, and to prevent the granting of any re-
bate, discounts, overweight and other special terms or favors to any
person, firm or corporation, and to provifle for damages for violating
the conditions of this act, and to punish violations of the same, and
to prescribe a mode of procedure and rules of evidence in all cases."

This bill was placed with the orders of the day and delivered to the

Reading Clerk. Ibid, page 1242.


As this bill reached the House of Representatives on the last day

of the session (June 2nd) it was never acted upon by that body.


- __-L- T~ --





(1)
Senator Taliaferro's Address at Punta Gorda. -- Authentic
press copy of manuscript that 1he road Aug. 25th, 1903, express-
ing -r. ifacation at the many evidences of pro grss and devel-
opment in De Soto County, announcing his candidacy; e:':.ressed
Spl.easure in having si-r-ed in twvo last Congresses with distin-
guished associates, Itestifies to their faithful, zealous, ef-
fective and haImoni'u.; work; claims nearly i.wo and one-half
:"'.17.i. ons a .Ir,; rated for l7orida. rivers and harbors; that
";he deleg;-.tion succeeded in collecting the Indian "'.r Claim
of over forty years s .. .:L'.i, eo:.iounting to over a million dol-
ars', and after pc:-.yi n, the d;,t of the State to the general
:.uTr :rnment, has placed in our tre;..!ir nearly seven hundred
thou.:-d-,d dollars.
hat several hundred thousand doll.'rs trere appropriate .d
for public buildi.tis, li;7ht-housos, mili- :..- posts and naval
stations. r ep-resentation increased to five. Pensions were got-
ten for the survivors of the Seminole Indian "a*" of '5C--57;
many of them are now receiving these pensions; the claims of
others pending; annual pc. I-.it in Florida over one hundred
t;iousand dol. arn.
"Word "cattle" written for -lorida in Cubran eciprocity
treaty, which will. go into effect h... approved by th~ e House
of Representatives of' the United States. It means that the
Cuban tariff ..il. be "3. a head on Florida cattle of over 500
pounds instead of ,,: and ,:1.20 instead of 2. on cattle below
that weight. The cattle trade of Cuba is seven million doln:l.sr
a car. U.'0. got only one million five !undred thous:.nd; five





(2)
I and one-half millions go to Iexico, Honduras and Columbia, be-
Sca;use of favor concealed in Cuban Tariff. I hope that you all
at this important cattle port will reign ere long as cattle
kings. The ben-,ficiaries in each case are all the people an
not just a few. .poko of the resources of Florida. Grave
conditions confront us, not unlike those of a century ago when
colonists broke the shackles of monarchy and proclaimed to man-
kind the eternal principle of democracy-- "equal rights to all,
special privileges to nune", stating that in this era of our
greatness as a nation we have, even as in the old dl-s, another
struggle for liberty, and :;;lcidid opportunity is a .rn offered
for patriotism and conservative thou ght to contribute to a
fuller realization of the ideals of our fathers. Since those
days thlr.re has been a constant struggle for the liberty of the
people against concentration of power in the hands of i.-; few.
Jnder the policy of the Republican party the trusts have been
created and fostered. They threaten co control the price of
Ioil, and of what toil produLces. To correct this condition the
present iniquitous tariff must ve changed. Y,,r.tr ago the Dem-
ocratic p~ .ly took the position that the protective sy.n of
the FR divert the wealth of the nation into the control of' the few.
SVe have soon the r.-.lizi;i of that prophecy, and for these
intolerable conditions the r.mr~i.ry is an honest tariff reform
a-.id wise and just anti-trust laws executed with neither fear
nor favor.


c




(3)

Asks for indulgence of a few 'ords personal to himself.
CaFe to Florida thirty-six years a.;o from Virginia; began his
business career as a lumber marker on the dock of a Jacksonville
saw-mill; log.-ed in the woods and eaten his hominy and bacon at
the campfire; was elected four years ago to the senate, says
his record is open to all who read. It shows that no vote of
mine has ever been cast in favor of the trusts; shows loyalty
to my party on every question at issue.
What he says the record shows:
(I) --- ------- --------------------
I voted for the anti-trust bill and all the amend-
ments offered by my Democratic colleagues in the senate to make
tie measure strong and effective.
(2) I voted against the ship subsidy bill, born of the
trusts, and which .v'ould havu wrung millions in taxes from the
people.
(3) I assisted in the defeat of the Aldrich financial
bill, designed to place the treasury of the government pract-
ically at the disposal of Tall Street bankers and speculators.
(4) I stood for the election of United States senators
by the direct vote of the people.
(5) I favored the enlar. ;neme:it of the powers of the Inter-
state Commerce Commission.
(6) I voted for the interoceanic canal in accordance o
with the platform of the Democratic party.
"These matters are submitted to you--a fair-minded
and intellirent Democratic jury-- to pass upon them and de-
te-rrui-ie from the facts if I have done my duty by you, by the





(4)


Democratic party and by the State of Florida.


OBSERVATIONS BY AN Hi{ TLE JURYT.ANI.
---1-l------------------------------------
After listening patiently to the careful reading of the
Senator's address by him at Punta rorda, and further study of
the printed speech; the Congressional report of his efforts
and votes, it is my opinion that "a fair minded and intelli-
gent Democratic jury" will find from the record,
(1) That he did not ,vote for the anti-trust bill-- certain-
ly not prior to and during the session of the 57th-Con.-resz.
Vhen H.B. 10539 was before the senate a motion was made to re-
comnit the bill, .-hich was known as "the Littlefic:ld A .ti-trust
Bill", adn M'r. Taliaferro was not present, but later announced
that had he been present he woIld have voted ":o". Vol. 33,
p. 6670.
(2) He may have "stood" for election of United States sen-
ators by direct vote of the people, but he did not VOTE for
such a resolution. The record shows that House Joint Resolu-
tion 41, proposing an a.enrdment to the United States Consti-
tution for election of United States senators by direct vote
of the people was being considered by the senate a motion was
made to dit3charge the senate committee on Privilegfes and Elect-
ions from further consideration of the resolution, which meant
to kill, and did kill, the resolution, T,.liaferro voting "aye",
VOL. 33, p. 6596.






(5)
(3) He may have "favored" enlargement of the powers
of the Interstate Commerce Commission, but he did not intro-
duce a bill, resolution or amendment on the subject, or vote
on a:.y proposition to bring about the enactment of such laws,
as appears by the records, except as applies to carrying mail
or general subsidy, and the "Berry Amendment" that "oil tank
steamers or vessels carrying oil in barrels, eases or packages
shall not be included in this act". Vol. 33, p. 2903.
The jury will find that in national affairs the Democratic
nationall platform of 189G,-- the party law during the first
ses:-.on of Congress after Sen. Taliaferro was elected, declared
the money question to be paramount to all others. It d.,na.nded
the free and unlimited coinage of both silver and '-old at the
present ratio of 16 to 1. It will find from the record that
he did not introduce a bill, resolution or amendment on this
subject, but on the contrary, and in violation of the platform,
he voted "No" on an amendment to the money bill to strike out
".old" and insert "in coin of standard value" (in payri;t of
interest). Vol. 33, p. 1829.
On an ameRndment graUingC Tation,.l Bank capital in propor-
tion to population, he voted ".o". Vol. 33, p. 2990.
The money bill, favoring relief on money question, went
to conference; report a;re,.d to, Taliaferro voted a-ainnst re-
port. Vol. 33, p. 2840.
He voted against an amendment to the money bill providing
concurrent action b) the leading commercial nations on gold
and silver. Vol 33, p. 1827.





(6)
The 'Tational platforms of the party of 1599 anid 1900,
and the State platform of 1900 denounced the issuance of notes
intended to circulate as money by 'rational Banks, and demanded
the retirement of National Bank notes as fast as the govern-
ment paper or silver certificate could be substituted for them.
T,i-Xaferro has done nothing whatever in furtherance rf this de-
mand, but voted aLgainst an amendment to grade national bank
capital according to population. Vol. 33, 2990, the elfect of
which w,,.s to deny to co-i~m.unities :rational T3a.il;u the issuance
and expansion of the cuurency.
The jury will find that the junior senator, during five
years service, elected upon a democratic platform expressing
plainly a great many principles; demandin-; the renr.1~ of cer-
tain laws; favoring the enactment of certain la.:s, etc., never
introduced a bill, or a resolution or an amencdnent to bring
about the enacim~:nt of any law, or the repeal thereof, on any
subject, principle or plank set forth in the danocratic plat-
form upon which he was -lected.
The platform denounced the currency bill of the 56th
con, ress, but Sen. "alia.erro offered no 'nend.mment, substitute
of bill to improve it.
The platform of 1900 denounced the tariff law rs t 'trust
bre,.dinp measure and his record on this subject is a blank.
The mnce may be said of his attitude tuwards the platform (1900)
demanded that the scope of the intrxtkizxa Interstate Com-
rerce Coxmisiion law be enlarged to enable the Cornmission to




(7)

protect individuals and communities from discrimination and the
public from unjust and unfair transrortat'on rates.
The platform ple.d es the party to an "unceasing wrarfe"
against "private monopoly in every forri,' and yet he introduc-
ed no bill, resolution or amendment on the subject, and as
s-ated beforee he did not vote when the Littlefield anti-trust
bill was-. before the senate. The platform, seeking to uplift
the condition of the American workin,g-an, called for the crea-
tion of a department of labor in charge of a Pecrftary with
a seat in the Cabinet. hen a bill to create a departr'r:nt
of labor and commerce was pending, Taliaferro voted for an
amer-l:'ent to strike fro': the title the words "Labor and", thus
disregarding the platform.
'1.y did he oppose the establishment of .-.tional Barks ac-
cording to the population ?/ ".ns it because he has been Pres-
ident of the firstt National Bank of Tcmpa that procured the
government deposit about Oct. 6, 1'.9C, ar hunting to '"-65.580.49,
which the National Bank of the State of 'lorida, of which "r.
S'ockton was President,had for ur',.':.rds of ten years prior there
to, the ave:r; :e annual amount being '114,921,34-- These are
q:i.ntions for the jury to consider. The Bank that "r. "'-lia-
ferro has been President of until quite recently had an average
of ;:.44,577.85 for upw'rards of four years. Tr.e amount on dcrosit
in this bank Sept. 15, .1902, while he was senator, and :re-
sident thr:rof, was .$200.044.20, as sho:'.n by the re;-oort of the
Cc,;optroller of Currency, znd I am inform.:.- that t.i.s .r:ount has
not decreased to this date.
The jury will find in sumjing up the record that Sen.





(8)


TaRiaferro has introduced 44 bills, resolutions and amend-
ments during his five years service. Of these 29 were private
pension and relief bills, of which only about ten passed. 7
were for pihblic bui-.ldin-.s at Gainesville, J, c- sonville and p'er-
nandina, none of which passed, except Jax. Two relative to
the terms of U. S. Court at Ocala--neither passed. The re-
maining half-dozen measures introduced by Sen. Ta? i.aferro re-
lated, to improve--int of the water-ways on the east coast of
.iorida, and to th- purchase of Miami Ouaranrtine boat, and the
;"xi9mtx matter of the set'.lment of the Indian ''ar Claims as
follows:
(1)An amendment to the Indian tar Claim 3ill knows as
the "3orrman Act". H.R. 8587, as ap:,e:urs on calander '"513,on
p,-'e- 105, which anaendmnt I understand was prepared by .ien.
:aillory, to the effect"that in further cumIputing the said mu-
tual. -c.ount from the first da.y of JanuArry, 1890,(at which
time it was stated by authority of an Act of Conress) no
greater rate of interest shall be allowed the State of Florida
than said State has paid, is obligated to pay, or has lost in
connection with said -c count" 'j'1T original account h;.ving: been
stated under Sen. Pasco's direction, and ,savig passed each
session of the Senate since 1889 with a cha.nre of a word or
fi.-ure other than this amnedment. Vol. 35, p. 3974.
(2) Amendmnnt to Sundry Civil Bgt Aprropriation Mill
./.5.000, for St. Johns river JTax to Ocean---Lost. Vol, 33,p.5020
Sen. Joint Resolution to improve C-umtberland Sound I50.000.
(3) krnndment to River & Harbor .r, propriation bill


I 'I I I





(9)


'::.50.000 for irnprovemei- t Biscayne -oay. Vol. 34, P, 575.
(4) In cneaae from ,'150.000 to .250.000, dre&i::' for
C r' rland cund. Vol. 34, p. 1158.
(5) Called up H. B. 1606. To es.ablish T.if;ht-house at
Hillsboro Point, "45.000. Vol. 34, p. 2053.
(6) Amendime t to appropriation bill appropriating .'25.950
to purchase 1.nds at Key 'Test. Vol. 34 p. 255.
(7) Public building for Jax. from *'238.000 to :<38.000--
comnittee incre-sed. -mount to ;,528.000. --- Adopted. Vol. 35,
p. 2205.
(8) cnondment ..skin3 increase, St. Joh-s to Ocean from
.',50.000 to ,500.00.---- lailej. Vol. 34, p. 2671.
(9) Amend:eit to -iver and harbor 3ill propriating in".3i"
000, for improvi;isnt ciscayne 3ay---committee recommended .'...O,
000, *:}:.ich ;was adopted. Vol. 35, p. 2671.

Yes, the jury will find that there has been no reduction
in the tariff on Florida cattle under the treaty with Cuba.
It will find that there are four clc-;ses of cattle that th ;re
has been no duty upon, viz: calves, heifers, co-.s and -;',rk
oxen. That the tot>j for the year 1901 froir. Florida to Cuba
was beef cattle, which h clearly shows that even
if the increase w s made that it would not, of itself, rake
cattle kings of all the ow-rers of cattle in Florida.
On the other ha-d there is no reason why there should be
a;r tariff on 'lorida cattle shipped to Cuba, when the people
of Cuba have been left in a starving condition 'rom the effects




S 10.
of a cruel war, and yet the junior senator has failed, in his
five years service, to introduce a bill, an .r-rndmrct or a rcs-
Solution in the Congress of the United States to rpe:.al, or to
S zbr'ing about ~ adjustment, by treaty or otl :rw.ise, of such
matters.
','.i-t shall the verdict be.

Do the dL.Cmocratic i.. ople feel obligated to .Li.,u ort a
man for re-election 7do has totally ignored the d.riancls of the
party, and has been wholly inactive, either from inability, in-
activit... oriother causes.
Do the democratic ,;.cle of the state of Florida agrce
with him in the statement that his services have been in the
interest of all the people and not the few.
After consulting the record, which shows that he has not
introduced a bill, an amendment or resolution lo.l,.vinj to the
:.1.rovc:rrient of any rivers and harbors throu,. out the vast
domain of 7?lorida west of the St. Johns river, and that hki
...-i,.O000 have been appropriated through his efforts '; awrend-
ments to bills pending ir the senate for 3iscayne :-.i improve-
m-ri t and a light.-hoiuse on -the east coatB, the other amounts
boeing for Cu:iimberland Sound; the purchase of lnds at Key '.cat
and iiprove'ment of th,; public building at JacksonvAlle.


I




- -. C-


',, nTlen_'co g i'd -wn' Ca matter T
;lfnJ io'Moin a*i f.m finrna' Tin
'vhich the electors'of t.he entire Stat l
of Florida are int-reste:l, his answer
'to certain things said against bini'by
LMr. Stck*on iu parricultr, Senator
'idriafrro said' 'that in spite of his-
' cordl, most generously approt'd': a
y6onng man, ambitious to defeat .:hiN
'i~it. certain of his news}paperst hitd,
'made ain nuwarranted attack upon
iihi. Here Senator Taliaferro took
'in his hand Mlr. Stockton's pamlphlet
contiiningstatements which, he suid,
.so far as they ihmputed to him dis-'
loyalty to the people of floridla'
were wholly and inexcusably withowtl
foundation of fact.
:-e rring to this pamphlet, he
said -hat it. stated, amang other.
things, that his election bt coiqrate
Influence was so brazen tba'the peo,
Sple were astound ~kd.- "is ,state,
;mkent" said-'ehe eaftor, 66hl
jail .me, butalso the .i eghitg W,


not strange that all of the ieewspa-'
pers of Florida, and all of the lead-;4
ing Lien of the State should have
commented upon the cleanries of
that election, and have congratulated
each other upon the faot! tat tbhei:e
were-'10 scandals at our capital,such.
ia had been witnessed and deploredi
at capitals elsewhere? la it not
strange, too, that if Mr. Stockton
believes what he says, he should hat'
been among those whom, inmnuediate,
after my election, soughbb me to e.
tend congratulatioua?"
Senator Ttliaf,-rro stated that M1r
IStoel;:on was a member of the DPu 1
jcontIy ci:.unelitiou, whi.eh first pro-'
posed hib name lu t.he Senate, aud
later, with his characteristic dis.gj
_rard of Democratic law, went.-.
'L'iilahassee and, working with .b
!resentatives of one of the Dn
powerful corporatiou.s in the St
:fought his election. Senator Ta
I' frro said that Mr. Stocktoin.
rof 'those who atcepts PtyA.
,he they v. .... .
kilwnvhcA~ettt^


Referring to Mr. Stooktotou' sfat
Annmt, Senator Tal'afeiro callidd it
tention to the charge that.he-aiw~
bitterly denounced the primr.
tem. "I aIy that I have no$
'clated the junior Senator .
I was among those in the Unit"
States' Senate who actively endear
ored to cause, the adoption- *if-h
resolution for the elect i oia t
tor by dire t

Q q p Delcayv di&
II a] io r is to
iely on the
ional, Statt
that he h.e .
Chicago and
tnms, Senator

'sqy its nmucb?"
part of his speech,
"..Mr. St.ockton-decla
alterably opposed to t'
currency bill and th
nd s,:eks to create tb
i I favor -them. ti
my Democratic Co
Senate will bear "
nator was more,
ho the .m


I - ~h---









I "... *. I"';w
*W er~ae


'0


P-4."" ,;
0, .:


~'4%.,


. Hb' onb~a4icted Mr, 'StoEton's
staten.eif that there hiad Pbeen fail-
ure itter failure among :te :uouaes.
in Jacsouville endeavorti. 1don-.
pete against this compaU it Ai' d
the tact that where thj't ui.
four br five wholesale ho.u at
sonviile then theie were a
coree of comp l ng hou f ay
ijFfihe.choses toLu attack -
liale grocers' association,
juni ,r Srnator, "that is hiit.. i
out I may saythere are n1 a,'tiP.
ierp.iiing and ho o able mnip .".to',S
business community than th2ij h(
while he is attacking them it '~s'm'
to me that a decent regard for tdti-
sistenoy and fairness would hav tiim
tell- you of his own little combin4ion
amoug the bankers of JacksonVille,
which agreed to have no dealings
with any bank of the same city not
belonging to the asno intion, and.
agreed, further, to ix and .'maintain,
b~rtain rates of exchange, under pen-i
tlty of!expulsion and a forfiture of.
5007ior violation of the :i ot.
't seems," added the Senatorqfhat
some combinations or 6aP ons
are bf, at'; depending m -tM.
topkton 'a i t f riew ar
~ILv


a'.


'4


_ i


7















"!.O
Gord
dayhen he hkd'ano&'1
unaty:O4;:eplyy to cba rggq.i.4
opponjents.! And hte did so id a.mA .
neiiera that cooninced bis hearers of h3i:
ability ,to ta'ke care of hinsi1f Iun.a-
b undtur mosL Lryiug T rcnm-
:7a Al stances.
b:~eni~o'T liaferro stated that he
bad pdnaie uo unkind' aLlusiodnto a
I vwqdid.t6In- his formal ainoance.
grint at ulitiut GordaL in !,Aijg
X1aat. !He said IAbiat- n. eco
pab7 c6pIopqty,-an d% the
COh w w







Speech


Delivered by



Senator James P.Taliaferro

----At-


Punta Gorda, Aug. 25th, 1903.


PIRECS OP
INDUSTRIAL REQORDa JACKSONVILLE





















Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: If I
were gifted in the art of public speaking I
would feel like congratulating myself upon
the opportunity to address this splendid
meeting, representing, as it does, among
the best thought, best energy and best in-
terests of the State. But, unhappily for
me, although no doubt happily for you, I
am not an orator. My lot has not been
cast along that line, and, under such cir-
cumstances, you shall not be detained very
long-upon which, my friends, the congrat-
ulations are yours.
This is not my first visit to Punta Gorda
and this section of the State, but even if it
were, I could not fail to note, with the
pride and gratification of a citizen of Flor-
ida, the many evidences of progress and de-
velopment on every hand. You have here
in De Soto County wide and well-stocked
cattle ranges, rich mines of phosphate, fer-
tile farms, comfortable homes and splendid
groves of golden fruit; you have a beauti-
ful land-locked harbor, opening to the sea
and the busy marts that lie beyond; you
have the possibilities for deeper water, and
there is no reason why there should not
rise upon this spot a great port and pop-
ulous city. The foundations are laid al-
ready, and there are none sounder and
more enduring than such natural advan-
tages, coupled with the self-evident thrift
and enterprise of your people. One could
continue at length on a theme so interest-
ing, but when admonished, as I have been,
that you expect to hear from me on the
subject of my candidacy, such admonition
must be regarded as hardly less than a
command.

Candidate for Re#Election.
I am a candidate for reelection to the
United States Senate, and this, it may be
added, is the first time I have made formal
announcement of the fact. I shall not


complain if others seek the office. It is a
high and honorable one, and the anmbition
to fill it is natural and commendable. Its
disposal is in the hands of the people,
whose verdict all true and loyal Demo-
crats should abide.
It has been my lot i. .: t!'asure to serve
in the last two Cong, -. with those able
and distinguished geo'.iume,i Senator Mal-
ory and Representatives .3parlrman and
Davis-and I wish here to testify to their
faithful and zealous and effective work for
Florida. There have been no dissensions
or divisions in the ranks of the delegation.
Entire harmony has prevailed throughout,
and to this, more than to any other one
thing, perhaps, is due whatever of good
has been accomplished for the State. It
may not be inappropriate to review briefly
the record thus made. It shows, among
other things:
Reference to Work Done,
Nearly two and a half millions appropri-
ated for the improvement of Florida rivers
and harbors; and in this connection the
delegation had in mind the fact that such
improvements would open new highways
of commerce, the competition on which
would insure to all our producers prompt
service and just and reasonable rates o0
freight. This work is far from finished.
We hope to obtain from successive Con-
gresses large appropriations for rivers and
harbors deserving recognition like this
beautiful harbor spreading out before us.
The delegation succeeded in collecting the
Indian War claim of over forty years'
standing. This claim amounted to over a
million dollars, and, after paying the debt
of the State to the general Government,
has placed in our Treasury nearly seven
hundred thousand dollars-a potential fac-
tor, indeed, not only in reducing taxes, but
in emphasizing to the world our already


SPEECH
DELIVERED BY

JsJ. P. TALIAFERRO,
AT
PUNTA GOORDA,

Defining his Position upon .Public Questions, and giving an account of
his Stewardship in the United States Senate.


~


sound financial standing among the Com-
monwealths of the Union.
Several hundred thousand dollars were
obtained for public buildings.
Substantial appropriations were secured
for our lighthouses, military posts and na-
val stations.

Kind Words of Lamar.
Florida's representation in the national
Congress was increased from four to five
members, as a result of which a distin-
guished Lamar is to be another energetic
worker at Washington in Florida's behalf.
Pensions were gotten for the survivor,
of the Seminole Indian War of 1856-57, and
the widows of the soldiers of that war.
Doubtless there are among you some of
those brave old soldiers who served against
the Seminoles. Others have passed away,
many of them leaving widows behind. Al-
though that war occurred nearly half a
century ago in the pioneer days of Flor-
ida, when this region was a wilderness,
those veterans and their widows,in their old
age and poverty, were long denied the suc-
cor due them by a generous Government.
At the session of Congress before the last,
or in June, 1902, they were placed upon the
pension rolls at the rate of $8 a month.
Many of them are now receiving this pen-
sion, the claims of others are pending, and
these we are endeavoring to have speedily
adjusted. It is estimated that this act
alone will distribute annually in Florida
over one hundred thousand dollars, which
will circulate in every part of the State
and in every channel of trade.

Florida Cattle,
One word was written for Florida in :he
Cuban reciprocity treaty, which will go into
effect when approved by the Congress
of the United States. It required
some days' work to write the word,
and some days more of persistent
effort to keep it there. The word is "cat-
tle," and it means that the Cuban tariff
will be $3 a head on Florida cattle of over
500 pounds instead of $5; and $1.20 instead
of $2 on cattle below that weight. I do
not know what in dollars and cents it
will be worth" to south Florida. It should
be considerable, for the cattle trade of
Cuba is seven million dollars a year. Of
this the United States got only one million
five hundred thousand, the balance of five
and a half millions having gone to Mexico,
Honduras and Colombia. The bulk of this
trade was held by those countries, not


- -- -- __ a~- Irr


through superior business acumen or enter-
prise, tbuti h : ,4 .. ".'r a differential in their
favor c.'... l,.I, ,n ihe Cuban tariff. The
treaty ,: in,.- Ii.1 places the differential
largely i,, our i.',.r. and we here at the
threshold -4 i i., -hould certainly enjoy
the major par. of that trade. I hope we
will, and that ll of you here at this im-
portant cattle port will reign ere long as
cattle kings.
These things, my fellow-citizens, you will
concede, contribute no little to the pros-
perity of i, lorida. The beneficiaries in each
case are all the people, and not just the
few. The effort has been made to obtain
far-reaching and widespreading benefits.
In this, as in all things, we have endeav-
ored to build up and not tear down, to de-
velop and not destroy, and that shall ever
be my aim and policy.
So far as the question of capital and cor-
porations is concerned, my position is clear
and well-defined. I am opposed to a policy
which would tear up railroads and drive
capital out of the State to find investment
in regions less favored than ours. I hold
no prejudice against them and have no
fight on them except where they seek an
invasion of private rights. I believe in en-
couraging them where their purpose is to
help us in the great work of developing
the resources of Florida; and, on the other
hand, I believe in putting them on notice
that there shall be no trespass upon the
rights of even the humblest citizen.
For Florida Always.
This State, it is claimed, and I have not
heard it denied, ranks first in more indus-
tries than any other in the Union. We are
first in the production of phosphate, first
in the production of naval stores, first in
the production of sea island cotton, first
in the production of pineapples, first in the
production of early vegetables, first En
sponges, high up in fisheries and lumber
and cigars, and will be first again at no
distant day in oranges. We have won our
supremacy, not by the sweat of our brow
alone, but by coupling to our energy the
potential and developing influence of cap-
ital. And thus, I say, we should not tear
down, but build up. We need more capital
here in Florida to assist in the develop-
ment of our many and wonderful God-
given resources. I wish to see our immense
areas filled with groves and gardens and
cattle ranges; to see the smoke of fac-
tories hovering over dur cities; busy traffic
on river and rail and profitable employ-


- -~~----








SPEECH
DELIVERED BY

JAs. P. TALIAFERRO,
AT
PUNTA GORDA,

Defining his Position upon ;Public Questions, and giving an account of
his Stewardship in the United States Senate.


Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: If I
were gifted in the art of public speaking I
would feel like congratulating myself upon
the opportunity to address this splendid
meeting, representing, as it does, among
the best thought, best energy and best in-
terests of the State. But, unhappily for
me, although no doubt happily for you, I
am not an orator. My lot has not been
cast along that line, and, under such cir-
cumstances, you shall not be detained very
long-upon which, my friends, the congrat-
ulations are yours.
This is not my first visit to Punta Gorda
and this section of the State, but even if it
were, I could not fail to note, with the
pride and gratification of a citizen of Flor-
ida, the many evidences of progress and de-
velopment on every hand. You have here
in De Soto County wide and well-stocked
cattle ranges, rich mines of phosphate, fer-
tile farms, comfortable homes and splendid
groves of golden fruit; you have a beauti-
ful land-locked harbor, opening to the sea
and the busy marts that lie beyond; you
have the possibilities for deeper water, and
there is no reason why there should not
rise upon this spot a great port and pop-
ulous city. The foundations are laid al-
ready, and there are none sounder and
more enduring than such natural advan-
tages, coupled with the self-evident thrift
and enterprise of your people. One could
continue at length on a theme so interest-
ing, but when admonished, as I have been,
that you expect to hear from me on the
subject of my candidacy, such admonition
must be regarded as hardly less than a
command.

Candidate for Re#Election.
I am a candidate for reelection to the
United States Senate, and this, it may be
added, is the first time I have made formal
announcement of the fact. I shall not


complain if others seek the office. I is a
high and honorable one, and the ambition
to fill it is natural and commendable. Its
disposal is in the hands of the people,
whose verdict all true and loyal Demo-
crats should abide.
It has been my lot i. .: t!'asure to serve
in the last two Congr, with those able
and distinguished ge'..iume,. Senator Mal-
ory and Representatives :3parkman and
Davis-and I wish here to testify to their
faithful and zealous and effective work for
Florida. There have been no dissensions
or divisions in the ranks of the delegation.
Entire harmony has prevailed throughout,
and to this, more than to any other one
thing, perhaps, is due whatever of good
has been accomplished for the State. It
may not be inappropriate to review briefly
the record thus made. It shows, among
other things:
Reference to Work Done,
Nearly two and a half millions appropri-
ated for the improvement of Florida rivers
and harbors; and in this connection the
delegation had in mind the fact that such
improvements would open new highways
of commerce, the competition on which
would insure to all our producers prompt
service and just and reasonable rates ox
freight. This work is far from finished.
We hope to obtain from successive Con-
gresses large appropriations for rivers and
harbors deserving recognition like this
beautiful harbor spreading out before us.
The delegation succeeded in collecting the
Indian War claim of over forty years'
standing. This claim amounted to over a
million dollars, and, after paying the debt
of the State to the general Government,
has placed in our Treasury nearly seven
hundred thousand dollars-a potential fac-
tor, indeed, not only in reducing taxes, but
in emphasizing to the world our already


- ~-~-1 ~QII.-`






sound financial standing among the Com-
monwealths of the Union.
Several hundred thousand dollars were
obtained for public buildings.
Substantial appropriations were secured
for our lighthouses, military posts and na-
val stations.

Kind Words of Lamar,
Florida's representation in the national
Congress was increased from four to five
members, as a result of which a distin-
guished Lamar is to be another energetiL
worker at Washington in Florida's behalf.
Pensions were gotten for the survivors
of the Seminole Indian War of 1856-57, and
the widows of the soldiers of that war.
Doubtless there are among you some of
those brave old soldiers who served against
the Seminoles. Others have passed away,
many of them leaving widows behind. Al-
though that war occurred nearly half a
century ago in the pioneer days of Flor-
ida, when this region was a wilderness,
those veterans and their widows,in their old
age and poverty, were long denied the suc-
cor due them by a generous Government.
At the session of Congress before the last,
or in June, 1902, they were placed upon the
pension rolls at the rate of $8 a month.
Many of them are now receiving this pen-
sion, the claims of others are pending, and
these we are endeavoring to have speedily
adjusted. It is estimated that this act
alone will distribute annually in Florida
over one hundred thousand dollars, which
will circulate in every part of the State
and in every channel of trade.

Florida Cattle,
One word was written for Florida in :he
Cuban reciprocity treaty, which will go into
effect when approved by the Congress
of the United States. It required
some days' work to write the word,
and some days more of persistent
effort to keep it there. The word is "cat-
tle," and it means that the Cuban tariff
will be $3 a head on Florida cattle of over
500 pounds instead of $5; and $1.20 instead
of $2 on cattle below that weight. I do
not know what in dollars and cents it
will be worth to south Florida. It should
be considerable, for the cattle trade of
Cuba is seven million dollars a year. Of
this the United States got only one million
five hundred thousand, the balance of five
and a half millions having gone to Mexico,
Honduras and Colombia. The bulk of this
trade was held by those countries, not


through superior business acumen or enter-
prise, tbu i .: t. ". ..'r a differential in their
favor c.*.,.c. l,- ,n the Cuban tariff. The
treaty ,: in,:- I1.i places the differential
largely i,, our .'.,r. and we here at the
threshold .i lf i -hould certainly enjoy
the major par of that trade. I hope we
will, and that ll of you here at this im-
portant cattle port will reign ere long as
cattle kings.
These things, my fellow-citizens, you will
concede, contribute no little to the pros-
perity of i' lorida. The beneficiaries in each
case are all the people, and not just the
few. The effort has been made to obtain
far-reaching and widespreading benefits.
In this, as in all things, we have endeav-
ored to build up and not tear down, to de-
velop and not destroy, and that shall ever
be my aim and policy.
So far as the question of capital and cor-
porations is concerned, my position is clear
and well-defined. I am opposed to a policy
which would tear up railroads and drive
capital out of the State to find investment
in regions less favored than ours. I hold
no prejudice against them and have no
fight on them except where they seek an
invasion of private rights. I believe in en-
couraging them where their purpose is to
help us in the great work of developing
the resources of Florida; and, on the other
hand, I believe in putting them on notice
that there shall be no trespass upon the
rights of even the humblest citizen.

For Florida Always.
This State, it is claimed, and I have not
heard it denied, ranks first in more indus-
tries than any other in the Union. We are
first in the production of phosphate, first
in the production of naval stores, first in
the production of sea island cotton, first
in the production of pineapples, first in the
production of early vegetables, first in
sponges, high up in fisheries and lumber
and cigars, and will be first again at no
distant day in oranges. We have won our
supremacy, not by the sweat of our brow
alone, but by coupling to our energy the
potential and developing influence of cap-
ital. And thus, I say, we should not tear
down, but build up. We need more capital
here in Florida to assist in the develop-
ment of our many and wonderful God-
given resources. I wish to see our immense
areas filled with groves and gardens and
cattle ranges; to seq the smoke of fac-
tories hovering over dur cities; busy traffic
on river and rail and profitable employ-


I


-









ment for all our people. I m not of those
who seek to divide a great eo le with dis-
content and strife, to loa th State with
a policy of reaction and t igression or
to make issues between er -r 'rL e which
should work in harmony :rn ec.:.Jrd

Trusts and the Tariff,
I am not unmindful of the fact, however,
that grave conditions confront us,nor timid
in declaring that strong remedies should
be applied to correct them. The trust evil
has grown until it threatens the very
liberties of the people. Our present con-
ditions are not altogether unlike those
which obtained over a century ago and
which forced the colonies to break the
shackles of monarchy and proclaim to
mankind the eternal principle of democ-
racy-"Equal rights to all, special privi-
leges to none." It is a grand principle to
keep alive in our hearts to inspire us to
duty, for it will thus insure to us and our
children's children the perfect happiness
and liberty for which the fathers pledged
their lives, their fortunes and their sacred
honor. In this era of our greatness as a
nation we have, even as in the old days,
another struggle for liberty, and splendid
opportunity is again afforded for patriot-
ism and conservative ti-,:.,-ght t:.. .onrriur I..
to a fuller realization ,': riUn ide-d~ .:f t, i
fathers. Since those days there has been a
constant struggle for the liberty of the peo-
ple against the concentration of power into
the hands of the few. We declared then
against taxation without representation and
unjust taxation. In recent years the drift of
Government has been in that same direc-
tion. Under the policy of the Republican
party the trusts have been created and
fostered. They threaten to control the
price of toil and of what toil produces. To
correct this condition the present iniquitous
tariff must be changed. Years ago the
Democratic party took the position that
the protective system of the Republican
party would eventually build up monopolies
and divert the wealth of the nation into
the control of the few. We have seen the
realizing of that prophecy, and for these
Intolerable conditions the remedy is in
honest tariff reform and wise and just
anti-trust laws executed without fear or
favor.
Perso 9oReference,
Now, my friends, bu will grant generous
indulgence if a.fe* words are said per-
sonal to myself I came to Florida from
Virginia over thirty-six years ago. I had
i


nothing more valuable among my scant
possessions than a willingness to work, and
I began my business career as a lumber
marker on the deck of a Jacksonville saw-
mill. I have logged in the woods and eaten
my hominy and bacon at the campfire, and
I am proud to say that the friends of those
days are my staunch friends to-day. As
you know, I was elected four years ago to
the Senate. My record is open to all who
read. It shows that no vote of mine has
ever been cast in favor of the trusts; it
shows loyalty to my py party on every ques-
tion at issue; it shows that no discredit
has been brought upon the fair name of
Florida. It would be unkind to tire you
with unnecessary details, but I cannot re-
sist submitting to such an intelligent jury
of my fellow-citizens as are here to-day the
suggestion that during my term of service
in the Senate, if I have ever cast a vote not
satisfactory to the people of Florida no
man thus far has made it known.
The Record Shows for Itself,
I voted for the anti-trust bill and for all
the amendments offered by my Democratic
colleagues in the Senate to make the meas-
ure strong and effective; I voted against
the ship subsidy bill, born of the trusts,
and which would have wrung millions in
taxes from the people. I assisted in the
defeat of the Aldrich financial bill, designed
to place the Treasury of the Government
practically at the disposal of Wall Street
bankers. I stood for the election of United
States Senators by direct vote of the peo-
Ile. I favored the enlargement of the pow-
ers of the Interstate Commerce Commis-
sion, and have always advocated giving
the Florida producers of fruits, vegetables,
tobacco and cotton the same measure of
protection given to the manufacturers of
any part of the North. I voted for the inter-
oceanic canal in accordance with the plat-
form of the Democratic party, and because
such a canal would put Florida on the
highway of a great interocean commerce,
and would afford a check on the powerful
transcontinental railways in the control
of traffic from ocean to ocean.
And, my friends, I have never denied dill-
gent work in behalf of any citizen of Flor-
ida, however humble.
And so these matters are submitted to
you-a fair-minded and Intelligent Demo-
cratic jury-to pass upon them and to de-
termine from the facts if I have done my
duty by you, by the Democratic party and
by the State of Florida.













HEADQUARTERS OF CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE.


Jacksonville, Florida, Dec. 16th, 1903.
My Dear Sir:--
I take this opportunity of sending with
the data herewith enclosed to you by Senator
Taliaferro, the following short summary of a
portion of his record in the United States Sen-
ate, which kindly read and discuss with your
neighbors.
I shall, ,in the capacity of Chairman of
his Campaign Committee, be pleased to serve you
or furnish you with such information as youmay
desire from time to time during the progress of
the campaign. Yours truly,
H. A. McEACHERN, Chairman.

Cuban Cattle Duty Reduced.
Senator Taliaferro, arguing before the Committee on Foreign
Relations, accomplished a benefit for Florida stock-growers which
they will not soon forget. The Committee was considering the reci-
procity treaty with Cuba, and by an amendment which he offered
and ably advocated, the word Cattle in the enumeration of pro-
ducts to be affected by the treaty was transferred from its position
in the clause providing for a 20 per cent. reduction to that provid-
ing for a 40 per cent. reduction, thus reducing the tariff on animals
below 500 pounds in weight from $2 to $1.20 each, and on ani-
mals exceeding that weight from $5 to $3.

Cotton Crop Statistics.
When the Senate Census Committee of the 57th Congress was
considering the bill for the establishment of a permanent Census Bu-
treau, the aggregate of the appropriations required therefore looked so.
large 'that. Republican members of the Committee proposed to reduce
it by cutting out the amount provided for the collection and printing
of crop statistics. Senator Taliaferro vigorously protested against
this, declaring that it was the one feature of the bill calculated to
benefit the Southern farmers, and gave notice that if it was elim-
inated he would oppose the passage of the bill. His protest was
effective, the Committee retaining the disputed item, and the bill
containing it becoming a law.









Free Delivery Routes.
By his efforts, Senator Taliaferro secured the establishment of
a number of Free Rural Delivery Routes in Florida, and of postal
sub-stations in the suburbs of the City of Jacksonville.


Fast Mail to Florida.
As a member of the Committee on Postoffices and Postroads,
Senator Taliaferro succeeded in having an amendment reported by
the Committee to the clause of the bill providing for a Fast Mail
route from New York to Atlanta and'New Orleans, for the extension
of similar fast mail facilities to Jacksonville, without additional
compensation to the railroads. The bill as thus amended passed
the Senate, but the provision for the Jacksonville route was stricken
out in the House.

Improvement of the St. Johns River.
The large appropriations for the improvements of the St. Johns
River and providing for the dredging of the channel, secured through
the concerted action of a harmonious delegation, reaches in its im-
mediate effect many counties and numerous towns that will be ben-
efited through an improved waterway, and incidentally the entire
State will share in this improvement. This will open up a new ave-
nue of commerce, thereby affording Inter-State shippers the benefit
of competition which will inevitably result in better service and still
further reductions in rates of freight on goods coming into as well as
going out of the State.
More will be said of this in subsequent statements.


Seminole War Pensions.
The bill granting pensions of $8 per month each to the surviv-
ing soldiers of the Seminole Indian War of 1856-7, and to the
widows of deceased soldiers thereof, enacted in 1902, was the sub-
ject of Senator Taliaferro's constant care. The result of the pas-
sage of the bill will be to distribute in Florida annually for some
years the sum of about $100,000 to these deserving and long-neg-
lected patriots and'their surviving representatives. The original
bill for this purpose was introduced by Mr. Taliaferro in the. 56th
Congress, and passed the Senate, but was defeated in the House.
At the next session he incorporated its provisions in another or gen-
eral pension bill then pending, and it went through both Houses in
that shape, becoming a law.

Pension Committee Work.
As a member of the Committee on Pensions, Senator Taliaferro
had in his personal charge the pension interests of citizens of Flor-
ida, Georgia and South Carolina. The records of the Pension Office









will show how faithfully he performed this duty to the people of all
these States, his reports upon pension claims therefrom being
adopted by the full Committee in practically every case. Besides
this work, he introduced and aided in the passage of a large num-
ber of private pension bills for Floridians.


Cuban Cypress Tariff.
When the War Department had military control of Cuba the
provisional tariff then existing for the Island classed cypress lumber
as cabinet wood, whereon the duty was absolutely prohibitive. Sen-
ator Taliaferro appeared before the Department and successfully
argued for a change in the tariff, by means of a ruling of the Depart-
ment, whereby cypress lumber was rated the same as pine lumber,
greatly to the advantage of Florida manufacturers and exporters
thereof, and of all persons connected with the cypress lumber indus-
try in the State.


Florida Appropriations.
The work accomplished by the Florida delegation in Congress,
in the matter of securing appropriations for Florida, is already
known to every resident of the State.
In round figures the State has been the gainer by the work of
the delegation over FOUR MILLION DOLLARS ($4,000,000), which in-
cludes Rivers and Harbors, Pensions, Indian War Claim, Public
Buildings and Light Houses. The people of Florida have been ben-
efited over $7.00 per capital.
The details and items of these appropriations will be given to
the people in a subsequent statement.


Indian War Claim.
So much has been published concerning Florida's ancient claim,
first presented in the Senate by Senator Yulee, in 1859, for moneys
expended in the payment of troops and otherwise in suppressing the
Seminoles in the years 1856 and 1857, that little need be said of its
earlier history, with which all Floridians are familiar.
When Mr. Taliaferro entered the Senate the previous efforts of
the State's representatives in the Congress had resulted in having
the Secretary of War make and state an account showing the re-
spective amounts mutually due from the State and the United States.
With a view to the successful advocacy of the claim, he planned for
a place on the Committee on Claims, which he secured. After many
months of careful study of the details of the claim and the existing
situation-in which he had the invaluable assistance of Hon. Wim.
D. Bloxham, who furnished much of the data and probably knew as
much about the matter as any other person living-Senator Talia-
ferro decided that the best way to secure favorable action upon it
was to present it as an amendment to the Omnibus Claims 1ill.








1t-1111 pending in the House, and which embraced a large number of
.claims evolving the interests of nearly every State in the Union.
H1e accordingly offered an amendment to that bill, making provision
for the payment of the claim. In this policy, and throughout the
'entire course of legislation in the matter, he had the united and
i.lu,thiii- tL.i. 'eo-olp. :ifi"ii of the other representatives of Florida in
ithe r' !.ngress.
From the beginning the delegation encountered active and de-
termined opposition from other members who represented claims
,embraced in the bill. By shrewd and bold insistence upon his rights
as a Senator, and upon the rights of the State, Mr. Taliaferro suc-
c,..-.l,1l in neutralizing such opposition in the Committee and the
:Senate, notably, in the case of a prominent Senator of another State,
who feared that the allowance of Florida's large claim might endan-
ger the chances of his own. By carefully studying the merits of this
opposing claim he was prepared to disclose its wea;ik n1-1i .-, had this
been necessary; but this claim was d:Tl-.fa-,1, and the opposition to
the Florida claim did not materialize.
Nevertheless, other obstacles interposed. The bill, which orig-
inated in the House, was amended in the Senate to contain a provis-
ion for the payment of the "Selfridge claim," for moneys lost in
building ships for the Government during the Civil War. The House
refused to concur in the amendment, and asked for a conference.
The other Senate amendments being involved in the conference,
Senator Taliaferro and his colleagues labored with the conferees
for the salvation of the bill, the advocates of the Selfridge claim
having threatened its defeat if that claim was not included. Finally,
Mr. Taliaferro suggested that the Selfridge claim be referred for set-
tlement to the Court of Claims in a separate measure, and this
solution of the controversy being accepted, opposition was with-
drawn, the Conference Committee reported the bill favorably with
the Florida claim intact, and the bill became a law. Shortly after-
wards the Governor of Florida was enabled to go to Washington and
receive the warrant.


~ __ ~X





Address: Drawer'B.
r / HEADQUARTERS

Campaign Committee Advocating tIe Re-election
OF
Senator James P. Taliaferro.
H. cA. eMcEACHERN, Chairman. GEO. L. DAHL, Secretary.

A 196e J f.. ..... D.00 ..... .9. /. S


My dear Sir:-
A number of Senator Taliaferro's friends at his home have
unr.ertaken to establish headquarters in this City for the purpose of
energetically pushing his candidacy for re-election to the United States
Senate and from which appeals are to be made to his friends throughout
Florida to organize and to give their influence to accomplish a result
meaning so much to the State.
It will be appreciated if you will suggest the best method and
most effective way of organizing your County and if you will kindly give
the friends of Senator Taliaferro the benefit and advice of your counsel
a great service will be rendered to the cause.
Kindly send us the names of those who will be active in the
fight that must be vigorously pushed from now on.
We want the Taliaferro people of your county to feel and know
that we shall render all possible aid to any plan decided upon by them
creating the most effective organization, for it will be left entirely
in the wisdom and direction of our friends in your locality.

Yours very truly, 9 ; 1 --/__
Id u} ^uL^t ^z


Chairman,









Mr. H. cA. AIcEachern, Chairman,


Drawer 'B.


Jacksonville, Fla.





7/ a / / ,"
. . -1 -/ "


I




..,. JanuaLyr 1, ILCO4^.5



Hon. J&.~es P. Taliaferro,

Jacksonville, 'la.


Dear Sir:-

Sattention has just been calloc 'to that portion of

your open lette- published in iTh: Oeala Banner of Deceber :7/, l03,

ant-i re:-or!uccdci in The Florida Times-TLnion of rL.:.... cr ..0, 1903, in

w which you use this lang;-aLe:

.0. 9. Governor Jenninis says I have done not'li.;-,
since I have been in Con:_-ess'.

I .-nsitively d-ny that I have ever useo the. ln-i p;.1:e which you

attribute to 1re -- either the lant:, e itself, its siv sta:ice or its

equivalent. '..Iat I have said on all occasions .r' n I have .d'.:'esed

the p;cople or an..' portion of them has been re heated liore than once

Spublic3" in your .rc ;:a.;e and hearing:, and not denier...

In "o'r open letter al ove -toted -o, proceed to assert t.at ou,

together with -"our Congrensional associates iro.. -lorida, h.ve nro-

circd a n.. *'oriati-ns e. '-: eating 14,100,0.0 (~1,100,000 of which you

place under the head of "Indian t. .clai:. collected") and lica this

comment:

"This means more than -.7 1.cr capital for every man, 1 'o;Ta: :ad
cLnild in the '"t:.te of 'lorida; and th)e collection of the Incian r;^.
, .aim, providedd the affairs of 'tate are ad -inist-red wisel and hon-
estly, should have the' c feet of lowering taxes .nd lessie in;; the
.-.dens of all the e-cr-ple."

You -iust an:--.:e', r a recitee that this state ent is rossly

unfair and inaccurate; and -: at of hle total amount of ,92,94,














on. J. P. T '2. ./76. .


received by this 'tate :.-o.. the United .t..tes in `the settlement

of the Indian .'.'r claims, the only amount which, under the dis-

position of that fund made by the Legislature of 1903, could

have the effect of "lowering taxes and lessening the 7urens

of all the people" is the sum of .'4;:4-0,E33 which was, by lIgis-

lative direction upon my recor;fienacation, aii lied to the Cia.yent

of the State's bonded de'lt, i!. icd resulted in reducing the in-

tecrcst cha. ,e annually ii.id on the aebt.
(2)
In connection with the Indian War claim settle-ent, /ile
giving the fullest credit to .ver:,- man .7Pho helped to secure the
..ssa'::: of the Act of Congre.s aut'".orizing it, I have pul:licli
::...lained that its pasoa ;e t"' ou-gh the United states Senate
was no ncj and -airaculous : :i-ormance, showi.ii, fro.: official
recc.:.z that, 3.-.,ely thro .:: the efforts of former Senator
Saueuel Pasco and his a.-:.sociates in eon; -e:;, the sane bill,
or one equivalent in effect, was passed by the E.unate in the
50th, 52nd, 53rd, 54th and 55th Congresses,Yut failed in the
Fouse of :e presentatives.
Upon the C, o.:ing :aade the record of Con ;:-ss, I assert
that, after cra..in the necessary bill and stati.. the account,
Senator Pasco acco:-li.;e! in the Senate duri i. eac of five
sessions of Conlrc ,S prior to your term all that .o acco pli-
shcr as a Senator, and that (the basis 'o your ac.co 1.isshment
was -. Pasco's aork, ado ted by -ou without the c: ..,,e of one
cent in amounts)-- and that if this is the work that entitles
a .an to a seat in the ".-te, ten Senator Pasco should have bc-
en re-elected in 1899.
I have said, and have the records as proof, that, in -d-
dition to the o;.. .,t of the Indian '.ar claims propj.r, I de-
vianded ;.tn procured, in the adjustr1ent of the mutual account
between the State and the United States, the .- : :pnt the lat-
ter oj ,,62.11 due the Florida School Fund, v2b,007.02
due the Trustees of the Internal I iprovem:ent 7..nd on account
of SF.-.:'m Iland Indemnnity, ui .',,;2"6.21 dui the General levcnue

'i.nd of :.'orida on c;i:uus accountg8 ie- :..-Lher succected

in collecting for the State an additional surm of .l._.,24'`.00,

which had b- --. o:.itted vwhon the account was firbt stated in 1


I














Hion. J : T. 3. 5/ La, /yc.s



and was not rcfferred to in the Act of .."on -ress of lay, 1902, author-

i-inAg the settlement, and which was not included in the settlement as

fir--t -.-de, :"- de .andi.ig and securing a reopening of the st;.ted ac-

count and a restaterient thereof, so as to include the said .,1,2148.00.

All of these suns wore included in the a ,-re-ate am-ount of

.'R92,946 which was received i-, the State, after the pa.' uit the

?tate of ..1-,2,000 of l..lorida bonds held :'-, the United States in the

Ind:ian 7~T-rt Pund, and interest thereon.

You must likewi-.e know and ad it that not one dollar of the

o-oney --..id to have been sec,..cd.,as rer your statement) for rivers and

har'-ors; for public bi'ld.in : and :-o"ndd; for li-ht houses, .r..val

stations, etc.; and for _.ennions to "'-c:.-iole war veterans and their

widows, is available or could in any way be made availa le for "lower-

ing tL:-..e and lc:2-~i..j the burdcs of all the pco:le."

I assert that the "tate ad.-i:,i:;tration, no matter how "ii,:cly

and honestly administered", as sn-..; :.-ted i-' you, har -tO authority.

or control over a!:.. of these -i. -oits so a: ropriated, so a:; to ,n-

able it to ::..,i-ly a si itle dollar ther ;of towards "lovwerj .;i ta..:_ a d

lcsc.1 in.r- the 7- rdens of all the .'ople".

'ith the inforat-, on t'.. 'rn;i'ed -on, .ar r,.alit tl t in-

stead of 4l,100,000 "or riore than ." -r capital for eve* ri.n, ./o an

and c'1ll in the :'tate of iorida', ]a.vin: been recei~vod .- iti 'l'tte

'-o (~Con: .c- -onal ;. 1.'o riatior,rs i:.":. : .our ter as5 'unator, liJch

vwo.uld be available, ..irectly or indirectly, for "lo- cr.l 'i I :.... i.i

less ti.i- the 1urdons of all the couple ~.'rc ha ;een :o eceivod














Iyon. J. P. T. 4. 12d -der-,


only .450,000, a, explained above, or about seventy cents per

capital.

What I have said, and do now repeat, is that you have not,

duri'.i four years service in the United Stites Suzxnte, introduced

a bill, resolution or amendment on an;; subject or vinibodying any

principle enunciated in the Democratic Platform upon which you

were elected, or the one adopted during ,your term as Senator --

which I contend you were cowu:anded to do by the Democratic Plat-

forms, both State and lation-l.

I have stated to those of the people whom I have had the

pleasure of addressing, and I here repeat, thEt your record as

Senator shows that you havt; not procured from! Congress an appro-

pri&tion of any nature for any place or point in Florida west of

the St. Johns River. In this connection, I would remind youand

all concerned that I have not addressed the people upon what the

Florida delegation has accomplished. I am not a candidate against

the Florida delegation, and have not criticized or alluded to the

record of any -iembber of that delegation other than yourself -- and

my references to your record have been only such as the people of

Florida are interested in. 1ly contention has been stated. and

uiphaiz2od by reference to books and pages of your official record,
that no part or point of that vast section of Florida west of the
St. Johns River, nor any point in the counties of Putnmn, St.
Johns, Irevard, Volusia or the upper part of Dade, east of that
river, has been .grcited any appropriation through your efforts.
Though I have repeatedly made this statement in public sp.-,ches, I
have waited in vain for any denial or disproof thereof fru., oou
or in your Lehalf. T

In ..y public addresses I have repeatedly stated that since Oe-














Hon. J. P. T. 5.


tober, 1896, the national ba.nk of which you were prou dent has had a

-governm-.ent duepoit beginning with about ..",5,000, and increasing in re-

cent years to upwards of ..,.00,000, without interest and upon whichc h no

taxes are paid, and this I consider a special privilege ejo;C o by

you, %which the great masses of the ,oople, including myself, have

never enjoyed; and I huve striven to make it clear that if these srOc-

ial privileges were defensible; if they were not undenocrA:tic;

if the principle of them was not directly o_ posa c to the a~jrit of

our institutions and our constitution -- then I '.would have no wor,'

of criticism or objection to your enjo-ing thmn in fullest ;:x..:.,'re.

'I have upon all occasions discussed this matter as a question of

pul-lic police and of good, honest, Democratic gover.iient :n yo,

will find that I am backed in my position by the historic and the

present attitude of the r...-ocratic party as expressed and reiterated

in its party:, platforms from the earliest days to the present. I

have contended that these special privileges should be prohibited to

anEy' and every :b ody by the enactment of laws I'y the Congress of the

United States and by the e.egi:lature of this State, each acting in

its respective sphere -- and I have publicly charedL that jou ha1e

not, during your Congressional service, att .i.ted to :ec;ur the

enactment of any law on this subject, as was conte.. latci b;r the r.-.-

ocratic platforms under which you were olectcd and aervo.- as '".n.tor;

but that, on the contrary, you have ,jr-ist.d in the violation of

this fiund..,ental principle of Democrac:.r by securing and retaining

for .-our -rank the special privileges to whic-i I have referred. And


I




















Finally, I have called to the attention of those of the people

wbo.:. I have been able to address the facts that as Scnator :ou voted

against an amendment to the money bill to strike the word "gold" and

insert the words "in coin of st3.nd.rd value" in interest pu>:,'.ets





3 .
(Co aroesional Record, Vol. 33, age 1829) -- a direct and fag'rL.nt

violationn of the platform. That the national platforms of oth 1896

and 1900 and the State platform of 1900 denounced the issuance by

national banks of notes intended to circulate as money, whvereas you
have done nothing whatever in furtherance of this demand but, on the

contrary, you voted against an amendment to grade national banks ac-

cording to population (Congressional R-ecord, Vol. 33, ag;e 29~'0).

That the platform, seeking to uplift the condition of the American

workingu1an, called for the creation of a Depart;ent of Labor in charge

of a Secretary with a seat in the Cabinet, while y-ou, dhen the bill

to create a Department of Labor and Com.umerce was under consideration,
voted for an a rend.ucnt to strike from the title the words "labor and"

(Congressional Record, Vol. 35, 1age 1051) -- thus di2r-;, _rcin;. the

platform and especially. the interests of the laborln people of ilor-

ida and the nation.

In connection with these matters and all other matterss bearilzl
upon your official record and iy own, I respectfully invite and ur .e
and challen e you to meet me in joint public discu:ssion before the
people of Florida at any t:i-es and Iplaces to be agreed upon. And I
beg to request further that this will receive your pro.m-.,t attention.
Very respectfully,


--- -------











SCtTiteb statess -Cenate,






Washington, D. C. December 15, 1903,



My dear Sir:

Knowing that you are a fair-minded and progressive citizen

of Florida, I invite your attention to the inclosed bearing on my can-

didacy for reelection to the United States Senate, and shall be obliged

if you can find the time to give it consideration.

If my duties in the Senate do not detain me here I hope to

have the pleasure of seeing you at no distant day. Meanwhile, if you

can give me your support I shall appreciate it, as I feel sure that

your influence would be of material assistance.

With kind regards and assurances of esteem I beg to remain,

Very truly yours,









~~UL M --- ,,,,, __ 1-1 ,. I
I~AR / Edit-r_-_- __has__ _ ... -ee I aIn- -- I---
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tING'lli, D. C-., :Ja'5f 2 ,'
".r NW. "S. Jen.fig. TallabIa';se, Fla.:1
.'Dear Sir--Your .letter 'f January 1,
sitAm&tkUi tile 4th. reached "me in J.ck-1
'nrtilf January .5. I would have replied;
L.oane, but .Was. prevented. ry an ULn-j
.ual pressure of publliabus ness, atlen.,
on fo whlch"1 regard as'.of:more imrpor-
Ltice tan. vpriting. 'pofltl'ci lk-t.te i I
.ail my self o tile oltparurlit now r, how-
;'and take *occ.iasin togiva y.ou some:
formation about ml record, which you
eayv Bso-lya.dly to need, and whicb -will.
o.e,'fpe. to expect the astour.diog
Stments you boast of having made in'
ifrecc-nt pulblle speeches.
.takI up your letter In--th order of-H-e
L ents.
~ ailing .the .etateme'int I did, vi.:,
ftirnof Jennings says I have clone
ce I .bae been inC congress "
a intention to do ybu ipju'ncfe.. -
i qn 't of unquestioned A'ittj-
ty jiifpr.med ie, both -bt-
l.pbUlcation .f the Os :
e 4maf*. *pn had ahial r irI


..-- .-















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ELtremT llb,space.to t the -. 'lBl
4Aidthtra o.f *ords and p 6hasis wll1
la'd the.uiblic. he claim had been'
tl-fpr over forty years. The people
Ptlrida 'klhow this,. and they.know, ,tooP
:itp n"i' by'whom the.provision for'n
t. Was flnall., passed throug9'..i-
Th ve never claimed the credit, for
f. nFr denied to others the credit u
t." tt u cannot go further than I'in
comment dijg' the earnest apd' Intellige t
efiorts of Senator Pasco and other mem-
;er.a, of. both branches of Congses s' wo
oipcreded me here. I lve stated rpopatP
:;la.t, .on entering Congress in 1$99, funA
It. he Senate files, -as, a result .o 'their
Ati~in.king work, nhidch valuable data
Shroh'iributed rdo little to. the passage
I Eth n-eiasure a: 'indeed, for my part.
ven accor dc to you crrI Tr y .toemper.
tpory part you played in. taking the
ant home.
t o. oine Pertinent Quetlons ,
rie, u taklJing esperCal phri .n',the fact
',at the Indian war claim was oollbT'dit
orimg..your administratUon? Andr.airyon
tng tht to the. people of t .o..
TBg.'g.'ith which yoaiar.e
&' d i.t.d.? .Do you ftoV,-toi'
i.n,':ri y'arhnr :* Tlirdn a ; rei


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.%LJLJ .J 1 LU ,. u- SI u sqIqa
1n1ial9 collection oflrc. ,ri *l7n'a
.rnore credit'upon you thiIn iitl
'tn conneaoLinh with s IndJan d ''
(ih s.it that you 'seek to havrd iT?-qA
bt the eggrep'ate of the various 'appro-
Jtioors for Florida, lz aboft 5.t00,000.
;'Wotild lower the tarxe andn I 'l0 r the
Burdden of all the Tpeople"' Yo-.liiugtg'OW
ta T-.:oonflned mn' remarks specifically
-itaount Nntemplared' I .the 4ot*l
'.thi8 I'ndlan war claim. vlz.i aqd to',be
,at 1. 073.030 G6f. 'the language .if my
betterr, quoted in yours. Is plain ajrtl;.in-
mis'takablle. T rhentloned that the.Itiqtl,.p-
r 'nsn. obf ined for lFJrida were
bu 100,00, ~ t then said:,.,
S.T'is ineans iqie than 7 per capitaF .fbr
'Averv rnfn. woman and child fb. the State
'f.'lorida. and the collection lt. the In-
.n-'war claim, provided the afkail'rs-of
state are administered wisely asd -libo-
ecly, should have the effect of loWetrLng
aes and lessening the burdens of a4l the.
pe--.. .,
-'reterate how that every dollar o t)I
llan' War olalm--y.073,930.i6-should j. I
le'ea.t ofJopwerln taxes and losseni
[,tyeno o all 'le people; a ,id
.. . ,.s" the -, "'i*doR st o.:D .
ocuarll or:he totrf a sro


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M I.1)C.l DJi2 1b IZU+-
AW. S.' Je nnzl 'ITal i.se-, Fla.:
.'Dear Sir---Your letteri 'f January 1,|
sifatlkl& tMie 4-lb. reached "mi in Jjck-
onViHlI January .5. I would have replied]
aoe, but .Was. prevented. by an rtun
iuual presQuTe of publirb3usn-ss, atlen,
ton fo which"I regard as of :more irpor-
tbice tnan writing. pofltlcel Il -tlel I
sma.il myself. oc the oliporaruity no how-
(' and take o:,casiin togie y.oi some
lHrinration about ml record, which you
eo11' sadly to need, and whicb -will
.I'i hope. to cpriect the astou.ding.
'ments you boasEt of having" made in'
;recent pilblle speeches.
tLke up your letter n--the order of-14e
en Is.
aling .the .tstatmnnt I did, viz:,
rn'" Jennings says I have done
ipace I .hae been in. Congress "
s intention to do you ip]ju3'4Le.
Ipn of unquestioned Adnrtg
kjty. ifpor.med Dpe, both'
t ;Rpublication otf the 0
5'au had sq ifW ql
.pbee,. i, wu Ea .





aim. '6It i a simple itt
4$pithbora of wordq and phiraigs.wlWl
dtda' tbe.Uiiblic. -The claim bhd been
S *i-fpr bovermforty years. The people"
I '8r idaS a kjlow this,. and they.know, too,
1i3...... by.whom the.provision for'l
n.as finally, passed through'..i-
hai'e never claimed the credit -or
tf. n4r denied to others the credttd-u
t ." You cannot go further t.an '- I in
: cokniedijfg the earnest apd lntelligeat
,iro'fts of Benator Pasco and other mem"
B.Bera, of. both branches of Cong-eses who
Vixpcreded me here. I Ihve stated repatrlfl
| :t.t, .on entering Congress in 1$99, r.fl%
t. the Senate files, -as, a result .of' their
i(n.aking work, fridch t valuable data
Stohbiributed rio little t.. the passage
Sthe treasure al: indeed, for .my art
ven accor ed to you cr rrThl.Yr. per.
ht i ry part you plavd in. taking the
ant home.
o Uoie Pertinent Queitoins .
:Ai-r lu taijng especial pri .In'.the-fac
Ybat the Indianc war clarlm was ollbeil i,
ring..your administration? Andar yolY
tng that to the. people of t,
Ssgfrith, which yoi'aM












;':r'od lnere th'upon FOuta xn ;li te
tione for FlDo you, faot .0,0 .
: d loer the tar a l "Drq n
a veniern r Pe







~'' o d ..



MBdn f aDl I thid; of"ple'. Yo t




'? 5B.j-?i. .ount ,.'nL.ermp1atecld .I .the got;1
.,PT ,h.i I'dlan war claim. vlz,1...aqd to' be
, a, "t,-' i.073..330 6f. 't'he IAnEnuage _iy
,tetfer, cred ipon you. s plain r L i n-
mnis't connee. T hentloned thal the.Ini iilp-
is -it thaLt you 'seek, tc, havd inns
that the eggaegate of the v'ariour qppro-



Irato tns obFlined for Flo rida were




; bb'ut,<;100,OuO, l then said'-,..
; ,'.'"Ths 'means qj e than 7 'pr, .cepItal .br
oVdrv ru n. woman and cd land. the SWate
ut'*oida and the -ople"ctl on o.the T'In-
\Xsaonfitfed me remarks specifically
rhount n.ntemplared 1i. .tot0l



P .n-' dan war claim, provided th aqfd t
#wtr, $1.073.030 G. 'thi lAnguage .'I# my



fae aeter, opte d your ely aid :Ilib.-
iest, should harenthoned thae t tofhe .t, l9 p-
ruv hns ob Ined for Plqrida were
bout e100a0ns0, then said:,..


T6l1s n sensln theuren ofpe capital t
very rhan. woman and clhild t. the Siate
'F[lorida. and the collection 4tA.the In-
n -'war claim, provided the ati'ra-.of
elate are administered wisely aMi choimr-
edsy should have the effect of lpWefl*ng
sand lessening the burdens of the.

-TIrelternte how that every dollarr of tU'
.anL War olalnm-.1073,930.66-should J.i
"eaet..st of.Jowerig taxes and los'senn

.allar. of.rhe fotiI'D .....
faor D nd5L





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,. '. *' -t 1 "-:

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,&' " : /t,_ e d. ...A "3 r 7- .' '& 2 ?'.,, L_ -" r-.
!./l '- ., $rl!, r .:i' '' r f,.- l- .
.... ,~~~' ,,,.,...,. + ,,<, .. r.,;-.,,.l,, .;"





t ,qonflaint T e- it ir
onv. p andld harbois does- not inak.- F, e9
'id"er'mtpelng avrmens, e of commere'budl .
iiuD lessen the rates of eight? s r. th -
Io y ou noutend that high rates ,
.:tgei~t are not a burden on all the peoP. '
*pil el? Smnl India w of 19.6-cwh
D: o' you contend th the money spend i.' 'I.t- '
Oither'-n Imptrovements of this kind /
pon. public buildings, does not add to tile' ,
property, of. workmen, artisans and coil-, '
Sradctors, does not find its way into l1 ,- . .-
e.nues of trade and does not' lessen. th r ,- s' .a '
tirns of all as welli as add to the prnrs a? ._ ',". '' L
y of all? / --,o..
'.o'you contend that th.e eight dollars < % ar4 t. .2;.,f 7'' "'
ionth In pensions for the brave sollidra i 1 -
ab -Semlnole Indian war of 1qS6-S. 'who '- .L - O ,,- ,.--_ --- --
f& their lives Inr the common defense, -" .-- .. j,' h, t. -j ."
-t'e aged and ofttme destitute C
p.df the soldiers of that war. 1l not *
A ind a comfort to them in thpir old --r I tr. ;'---'-'-; .. t 'a.* '' -, / 216
:j ng lesseunin of t eir hurtJenesq? t --' '4 .
li Strange Indeed. / ... % C .- .l, ..-.- /- &._ L? ,. -r ,." ... '-'
.3'OP o your.poeition is strange iree
gan goe that I venture there areb
ra. In Piorida who will a9re Iit
1 .;i.will admit "tiat 'our:....c L
wl oil'th your most urnaceto *Qi
ent that of the $l.I.9o.31if .U6 ql
S ...lt'i of the Indian Wcar clthni
Sap plIcable to lowering thd.
es nng -thea burdens of all tiep'
...I'B." say that by Legslatve ac .ao
S.your recommendation, this way.- --.---.--
l t.to- the State's bonded debt . .
oier to say thnt If there had been no ^ I
Smmendation and no Legislative action C.' /'[t '< -
.Skte would n.ot have been better of / / ,'.. -
be extent of the sum collected' But tel -- -
meplease, what became of the difference ? '-. %
b'ewep n that sum you mention and to C / -
bi~s l .90.66? a It not pld to th people . -L.- .' '
oIts Florida. either in mouey or i.' settle- ./ /-
,Wienit.o the State'. handed Indebtednl // .. ', ''
Eto'the Gbvernment and the accrue] Intere-t / " -
ltbiaeon.? And, if so paid, does 'ot that "- t r-.--' r C'- /yv.. "..
e'the burdens and lower the taxes' c ".-4-' "--, "C ' .o ": -. .
t" l.;.tle people? / -. -, .- .- c ?- ,. -- '" .. .


itry .election to t he Snate), the Secretarv / -.t..--- ,.
Sthe Treasry was authorized d di- -
eted to proceed for the collection of x- ..- ,
Ste bonds owned by the Government, -
Where there was default on the part of -
h State In the. payment of Interest. ( -_ .
er t.s act. the Attorney-Gener '' . /. '- -Cc" ~ -.
ed stilt. -The claim of the Go v- i /' L .' -
was A claims in law and eqult- r ,
Bnt could have been enforce ed.
itrtlbaifad the cklm of tlier-Stal'' "Z* . ,1 r
SIn tuibty' biv and. its" pask '-Yi /, S *'
Pt..upoiithe .justlaid :' b t I /
Itw~urd.QpIba'Bij~fi . I. rS' i 4).b


*1 s ,


-I'-


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. !


"'gs had not been st~.i ? T-sted. r '
Sg $;92;946 i cab, Florida. ",'. ,. "-- -
6 'an thing, mighthiavi Leeri cor--,
a dv p ay O g$3 S09 4.66. L *'; e c- ) , S -- r 9 r .
Couldn't Harve ,Dqae esa' / j / / -
ou contend that, .i addition., to *tilt 11 '
-nient of th, Indian 'War cletim proper, s ,
;u "demanded and procured','."i tilt ad- ,'
'tn1Illt ".f', the r-nutial accoinlt betweer, ./ -
e State and the United States, tle pay- ., / ,
ent by .tle latter of $A',S3ji,'(, due the '-
hqa.lfund of the state, $25"0t7.02 due. the'
ete'eB 'o.the internal impro'etieht fud .. L
;M63oLr.nt of sraftiRl:and in Menitr, an
4'-:1i duo the gneran l re i:-eue:.und o .- -' /'-
rida on general census. account,.. alud r- .,,;--: (.---"r -. .L,.
r siacedded nI collecting for the'Stat / -
I'addition-.,s emi oof. 13,24&. Of couas, /
L't id ii you- use the wErd 'procured"
"meaning "received.'-. TI'h? i fT r a set .
rent of the .mutual' account, nd that f -'
it;bonds of the State,.held in the Indian )
i~"furd., should be surrendered to the h '
Vernor or Flor~a_ .You.would haie been / -
teUct in yourduty if you ia .tnJled. to 7. / *
~e .the mtbniy: bur. even In that event / .. -
iGouvernment,, under the law, would.have '. /
t iiaWar tos ettle the'account .and tle ~
Ot.T. 111d have suffered 'no ss. 1/. ( "
Rtaherefore, that you ooiqtl not verj .-c't*-~
L e "done less . ., .. . .' -
25dy~.~4LY.1 ~I /~-~1 ;U ~I/~*lC~.~_34- i


MIi~ave done less. /5t.~~~-


nnth-peen.


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e4*

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*dTwir 'QhfiiTW Att .tTipliW'itr.Bi iff.
ers' and harbor does- iot mak ew
..c6mpetlng avenTes. of commerce'au
hisa lessen the rates of freight?
i. you contend that high rates U,
frgiht are not a burden on all the peo-

Do. you contend that the money spen
either 'In improvements of this kind or
ipon. public buildings, does not add to the
-prosperlty, of. workmen, artisans and con-
Iractors. does not find its way into all
avenues of trade and does not' lessen. th.
bzns of ill as well a.s add to the prs-
ty of all?
o.'you contend that the eight dollars a
ont. In pensions for the bra.,-e solliera
Ne: Seminole Indian war of 15.36-i. who
their lives In the common defense,
ri-te aged and ofitimes dcstiltute
S of the soldiers of that war, 1. nof
.a~nd a comfort to them 4~ their old
'- a lessening of their hurldernsret
Strange Indeed.
do do 'our.poultion is strange irdeei
ge that I venture there arb
ny. In Florida who will agre-
-I i.ill admit "blat y .ur._c
livAon tis paO
rii'th your most uriaca~0
S .t at of thhat e $1.07.1.9i30.. 6 'q4
't of the Indian War cli.
applicable to lowering- the
sing gthe-burdens of all thb'p
n say that by Legislative ac.tl
S r your. recommendation, this wa.-
Hel 'tOgthe State's bonded debt -o you
iea to.sa.v that if there had been no
nmmendation and no Legislative action
t' 't.te would not have been better off
tbe'extent of the sum collected' But tel!
e, please, what became of the differelee
between. that sum you mention and tbio
t'3.910.66? Was It not peld to the people
f' Florida. either in money or by settle-
Dnent .of the State's bonded Indebtednss
toithe Gbvernment and the accrued Interest
tbreon? And, if so paid, does not that
eien the burdens and lower the taxes of,
dl .thie people? ",,
.:-The.State owed the national Governmer',
ill'bonds and Interest lS0f.934.66. By act of
Co igress, approved Marclh 3. 15':i (before
."iyelection to the Senate), the Secretary
-t-the Treasury was authorized and di-
ed to proceed for the collection o!
e bonds owned by the Government,
Wre" there was default on the part of
h State In the. payment of inte-rest.
thiss act the Attorney-General
.tned suit. :The claim of the Gov-
.iW- .as A cla1iin in law and equity
a ren.et could have been enforced.
abthb'erlariad the claim of tliel: *
t dQuidt'y bdlv and. Its
p it...upon-rthe justieokth, /
ahlb 'suit ould pbb4




k liad not been sta t 'stb

2g 6?;S946 inm cab, Florida. chtlo
ani-thing, mi'gh;lnave L eeri ci'-
a-ij pay $30sa.54.66. 6 ; .
"i .Coluld n't Have',Dq.e le;' s.
ou contend Lhat, .i addition., to tein
mernt of. th .Indian. War eltl.m proper,
bu "demanrided and procured,'. tilt ad-
"di-ltmnlit ;f' the nmutial account bettwier,
Se State and the United States, til pay-
Unrit by .the latter o0 $f',36f .-i, due the
"0hoql.fund of the StAte, $256,0Ui.0 due th'
F -':.." .7
.sUte0k of.the internal imprb\'emeiht fud L
aru.t of swat land ihnd itnitr, and
9 1duo the generd tie'fiueZ.fur? d o:
ida on general census. .ccount,.. and
r Lucceeded -in collecting for Lhe'Statr.
dditionat sum of. 113,24i. Of c-ouisr
P)' lid if y.ouuse tle wErd "procured"
I$wneablng received.' : T'hb .at for a set.
itement of the -.mutuaT account, Ttnd tat
itpndas of the State, .held 'n the Indian
ib'fund, should be surrendered to the
iernor or Floaria- You-would have been
~lt In your'uty it you had .tJltd. to
Ire.the mbridy: bur. even In that event,
Governmentn, under the law, would.have
f:a: Way to settle the'accouTt .'ad tte
-wutild have suffered "o. loss. i r-
therefore, that you 'olil not Ver
i e done less. .. :
""r '~ "" io




now Z -^c w -^t r 1
. 7 -t ii-
1) o .- -~ ~. ... ...' .r,- -,U-z- r r .1,,

7pe.- TF --)). -
e ., / --' .. -- vr -- .- .- -- ..' .-,. ,, ,/? .
tod .;-C t- '-_ / -. .., . .
t 2 r c -' '. -, / r- i & .*.,
o, --4..-.c. $._L ,^ ^ ^ ac? '- -C-r.,- -

Ih" n .. .. ; ,-,' .-. .--', r;, ...4 C ., ....j^ '=-. .
oD. r ZT 4--- ,r c t.t L M r e .- -... -.. "
..i S c. / r t py' ; '.1




t .
.-, -- -. ,-- . -.. .

the f -" -, -
--- ..-- 7" ; C ,* ,' .,/

CC- t-', ,C, ,'.
ore
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-- >... t -.-'- c --c- ... c" - "c '- ." - -"

o" '- . L .. . ,. - -, ,--


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"-* fl / /l ^ , *..








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.- .. .J 7rt f .fl ir & -( ..- .- "
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~._ .. "-. ,-..?" ,4'.'
Cot c-c-r %r




itlin .with this claim had ee
hild from the State, because, :a I. -..
'.pidl before, the State-had failed to
e interest on its bonds, and "the r-. "
ripnent withheld payment on ll .of j 4 I 4 '
into tidemnit'y itself against .loss. The 'Y ..' 1,- .
5oCongress, provJding for the settle- /-
t.of rhli account, and this alone,- un- .
da-. the doors of the Uniteif States n s, ... ,- ri-.r' j4 ,'-(
dttv for the payment to tbhe State e0-r# '/^c- < r1 t6L/^
p"ry dollar due to whatsoevet'.aocount ,f .
d5. Referrtng again to 4e..1$32,0001 g C cC ,2 /4 c c .
eas and the $'?4,94.6 l interest' hipreon, -
ItiES'Government, you do not sem-n to ,- a
i t payment with i-ssenint 'in 'any '
es-a~id lowering taxes. r man / / .
a. debt,-wherever owcd. is-a bu'- ,' ,it U --.-,I-- 4' -. -' .- '" "
tia,lts payment, wIhether'to one c <--.-. .- .7 _t- .- -. I
r ti.o-iher, lssebIns. hat burden
tthe debt paid. /V(Y-' t tC f t ^ t-^- J-: *' U
on me, .I hope. for treat t-' "
e l. exihaustively, aid I offer,
ii -thi'at-t it seemed necessary in
r utiniue ideas on the adlib
ie -BancojuL .ab
resort r endm ,i.-tr -
2;2 t or embodying .,-ry pr .i-fl
'b In-Congress tihanAdmi( Ct .. a ., 'I-
A .Repiiblican s b
not here' for buncoimbe or to / , '%.'-' F u- r' .
-gaanst the wind. but -to defoele
me and best tliougne a id energy to '; ,/ ? .- r ",;
.measures of henefit to the people L r-
rira. Practically every- proposit.bon .p _
if'ed. in the Democrauic platform hat/ "
'before the Sen.ate, in one way or an- -
,-tsln-ce I ave lta-en a member, .nu-d, -
ery one o them, .your state- .
i-ti he coritrar. nnowithstljidirg, I
kvvted in full and strict accord witnh ------2 ' -
latform- of the Democratic party.# I -. 1 '
~t pretend- to' be bold enough to at-' A
t L&ade-rship t, tne excluion of Demo- n '
. Senators wlho have grown gray, in '
Service. oC party and country.rT- -R" CA C.
contestt, on tmne contrary, and regard /
.being tr the interests of Florida as /
to'liten to their wie .:,olinsel and to .)
a'i'ther than to presume to.lead. Per- -
kaf like some, I h.ad beer enrapturena- i -
-to: ftie peripatetic practice of uszQess L -'
Shmaki.rg, I mirht bave introduced '. p ,
s, even though they hiad been al- / / /
oe ia the pigeon-holes.,tf.aRegpub- e '' V '-/i "
`n-- lt'-e -
d .,elesatio n a Unit.o n -
tf I ,had e not .tt i e.
h diea no plnac, orleqo oaYt -
SIver,,. B .


.. . . .... .r ,,. -, -
.ery a p rl /./6/ -) I/ .(- l,-^ / ) ,
> l''J river, Ju0 t,. a t"" ^ ,L ") 2 / "-'- / * / / .W L'* .- ...,
in getting eer- / .l
': that river. I 1s tru-e '
a'uIr'ale niot dealing awth' whavr 7 ,
eit 'by the Florida delegatioit a I ,
u'nnot a candidate against the.d ' "
pi::,..But .et me-tell you that the reco / .. / d-"- 7 L -4 ......
I".lelegation is one and iapa -
r -system of reasoning be s6n nd,-ie thie ,
Of us has done nothing, ancm;eb-t' -e'so ,/ k
I ,haa done nothing, therli.low..is.i i
Ile t.hart all of us-hbave doneian'ythng? f
remnlnd you .again that I have ever -- ,
'd. .anly results whatsoever not aa-, -
,'d with the work of my colleagues.l '' /
TOu cannDt credit rhe whole delegiajtion r -
ie Accomplishmenc.of anything wJlth-
oing due credit to 6ach member for '- "
. .tior .teo part thereof. '" "' t '
l'er..of the. delegation has ever /
.-. tr:rat each pnd every other .
a.hs ns failed to.do his..part ;n a.n , '/ / .
: r elating to thei In'teta .of e '
e-.of Florida, but,' on'llf, their lho'rl, *
ave' all .realized',wl.lh' gR.rt saoi' f -au I .. / t,-/ '
Mat "we "tve worle'd '- .n' ful ,, ," u. -
a Ombny in, obtalnthg '.:. results. N6 ( NC e -'-';'*r
o.pf th lt aptlon, heo hgas II- ( t-
,411i isuaYlu you In i -- <
-,at- ia,- n.,t ,1,r, my :"yl ;-./f l--'L ": /
k,' therefore, should you com





Eitibn' :with this claini" bad been-
lihtl- from the .SLtte, because, as I
e .9iid before, the State.'-ad failed to
;itb interest on Its bonds, and -the
eprn.nent withheld payment on all .of
ito, indemnify itself against .oss. The
SCongress, providing for the: settle-
. of the account, and this alone.- un-.
d-- the doors of the United Itates
,iury for the payment- to the State
vri dollar due to whiatsoever'account
rd. Referring again to ~a i$132,00
s and the $34S,9A4.66 interest-'heen.
e ,Government, you do not semn to
t, payments witn lessening'in 'any
_ens-.and lowering taxes I maeiJ
'a.-debt,-wherever owed. Is a bur'-
dj-'tha:t ts payment, whether to one
r' a.tobber, lessens that burden
'of the debt paid. .
Wl padon me, .I hope, for treat,-
iLj6et exhaustively, and I offer
'thibA it seemed nei'essary in
uLfnique ideas on the stib,


colrttin.or amend.mg
uet, or embodying any prt
b prtlc.tatforn, you knot.'
s been .nC ongress the Ad I
't.n Republicar. an d.'i
-'o -'Congress o,.erwhelmingly "so
.nor hbere" for buocombe or to
1 aga.lnst the wind. but -to devo,'t
te. and best tliougnL and energy to
Measures of benefit to thle people
i0dria. Practically evi rTy.-proposltion
ined in the Democratic platforri ha.-
V.before the Seinate, in one way or an.
.r,.'.sinee I hav-e bLrEn a member,.n.nd,
'"- errv o-ne of themm" your. .state-
k:#-tb&"the contrary notwithstanding;. 1I
e'.';V ted in full ind i trict accord witb,
Cfltform of the Democratic ,party., I
h t 0.pretend. to be hold enough to at-'
pt leLade-rship to tne 6xclusion of Demo-
ic. Senators who have grown gray in
service ot party and country.t.,T-t'i-t
. content, on nte contrary, and regard
b':eing t-o the interests (of Florida as
itolJi'eten to their wise coiineel and to
w hrat:her than to presume to-lead. Per-
rifllke srome, I Iiad beeri enrapluro
t'he sound of my own voice,, or .were
.-.to-.he peripatetic practice ,of. usjess
making. I might bahe introduced
,, even though they had-been al-
o6.re the body and were -f1reor-
lde.Ln' the pigeon-holes. pa Repdb-
dttees.
e'Delegarton ai Unit.
at I have not- gotffen a
'aty places or point w
ri;er. By yoftni




atiti very appfoaii.t
oit .le river, Jus -,t. :.'.
ited In getting every t
9t.hat river.. It 15 tr ue.
W're not dealing with wha. Rae
neby the Florlda delegation--t f
,n riot a candidate against thedej
-iBut let me tell you that the reo
die'elegatlon is one and ins.pa.ahihh
our -system of rensonlng.be.s- id,,-thbe
r of us bhae done nothing,, an&;' if ea
1i ;has done nothing, then'how:. Js..i
Ible thnt all of uh have donie';attl ngi
i.s-erulnd'you again that I have rrever
ned' any results whatsoever not aa-
t;ed..wIth the work of my colleagues,
you cannot credit the whole delegationi
tJ6 accomplishmenc.of anything wJth-
Ving due credit to each member for
tna.Le part thereof.
'ber of thae, delegation has ever
1' that each gnd every other
t .has failed to,do his. part in an.,
:i re lating to tihe IniLWeats .of -te
:f. oFlorda, but,' on.' either hol l,
ve all .iealized-,wth, geatt sariefa'y
at .we h e worked' 'il'fuli accur'd
mon i' iobtainlihg ,.results N6.
of th I lelgatlon, Whu has la-
tb 'tp.9i t ; rather with whom
be "suatain you in thi
that !- havr n it ,-rie my full
-thlerefore, should you eoTn-





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t.referece To my interest ln the At..
tonal Bihk of Taaipa. would 'seem to r
vye no proper place in th-is 4lsrnidsloni C C- j t
d';yet. let me assure ,ou, there 1 .'hpth- "
whatever about ji to be asebemd'of 4
to-conceal. The United Rtate. FaitI -3'' -
is provnde for hbe establlsbment a r.
tulatiun of national 'bnks and author- -'
the Secretary of the Treasury' tL desig-
e depoitories for GovernmenL mone. / I
ars before I came .to, the Senate the -
At- National Bank of-Taripsa was:~-esis L.
.ed#one of these deposltories.. beq use ".l- .,.
-td . . . . .
oted at a point where ithe-ov '
was collecting and djsursibuigg M.A.. "
Itsums of money amnd.t wans.as asith 1 ib' .
.Tconvenience of the. Government
tr Ahe bank. Since I have- beiet. In i
enate the deposits have been increase
r ljut as they have. been increasedd *
understand, all over the country.-Thi
no privilege accorded the bank:'e-
'of my connection v.-th It,..nor was-it
seia source of profit, for there h'
been a time In the history of :th
e ;t has been a deposItorn that-i
'aore idle mor.e .. .64 ."t
Smy sense of Jtic. A"
b u regard for duty wofl'd .

b Fntu .l gi alongrerts.
.;, jnpage-i833,.' re you ll
lainly recorded-Tin favor ;6f: oabol-
he tax onf StatebaplP.. tSee a~iend-.
tit: follows).
td to Aiolish. State Bank Tax. //
tion 9. That .q'ct on'E- 34j1 arid 3-1 AL '
:other acts and parts of acts which ,
s an tax upon the circ'ul ....
s t :Banks or State baniktua g *l '
'nd, bthe same are iereby', q .. '
noted d for Lr[t :nmendimint to '' '
.w does tlat'comport with your charge -" -
r yo yu a have. made. pubLiUily ; / ""' / -
t. -ha-ve-n), during m) Congressionua .
iJCe, attempted to sicuie the hnoctmeji;' -'r
'iy jai on eIlia subject? *
'u. were ,?uce prominently conne.ted k'
n ok uoarself, 1 un-derstand, .and sure- -
'ou do not mean to iay tl' t 'a "on- '
tion i th is kind would djLqua .fy-a pub- ,-.______ -
icer fron Tht faithful dwscliarge o -'
.ffic l duties? .'-' ---
ftf from your letter, the Xollowing. c "r 7 > ." '
S-I have called t he attentln
,the p'opiu whom I ltavg been 4 .Ct-r 2 /';
a-sre' tb6 fats.tilt a,--s Se -' -
ainst an araenme pti 4 ot $b /
S frt tao oiod -. "- "
H .oiLnj e.Botatu 4ihr 'iii'- '."' .*





e is";. a-s t.ehat y ur.stae. ,. tmC h

t ga-fnh.act. This pa shoVw.
rIvotead. idctly wit At0ht prty, z r rt 7- -'-
Tce,
ve alis 'done -on every ques tion
er; The fnfits in" the-case ara thesen. '
..Stewart,.: o"-Nevada offered the y- t. "
_aeAdwe ideat' _. "( M r2.-'"-' --.'L" '.L -
n ect'on6 i"n pge 15, line 5, after he / .
~ t"e t ltg'i.rp.opo-ed to strike dult --
in. of the present standard, f. ,, '- /AZ-cL,',"
Pe act of July 4. l70.'" 02. 6 4 y-
'tdrtlh moved to Jay this azpenh-
S.afeble and the. an-','v i.
b n'hto ta-ble were' oU"
p sloaal Record, Vol,
l. op. citel . .. *.* .
erry. Butler? ton,
lfon a CocIrelL t1 o '
% Wjt
r J. ie t v '. :'' '" ":" 7 '
art, tin.
_erro V Tur
e alory pe Ill and absent.

4 taid, t l t this.
i'tS abling .the'i a sni- was,
vote do mUyt?




or refqreiee to miy Interest'ln the FirstF
onal Bank of Tampa would .seem.-to
e- no proper place in this 'dlsetf9uin.,
p .et, let me assure tou, there ij nt'hh-
Swhatever about i' to be aeb amrndof
:r.to"conceal. The Uhited Stats. .ftat-
tee provide for the :stabllshment nui]
Sulation of national banks and author-
the Secretary of the Treasury' t desig-
ahte depositories for Government money.
ears before I came to the Seniate the
rst National Bank ofiTa'mpa was'.desig-i
ai .,ne of these depositories:. beguse
?- located at a point where t-he ,Gov-
S':.was collecting and .,dlsisuring
ms of money and it wits-as nDi'~ah
e conveniJece of. the .Governxment
Sr.Ihe bank. Since I have. beeri-..n
enate the deposits have been increased
e just as they have. been inicrea.4ed
understand, all over the couhtry.'This
no privilege accorded the bank tie1'
of my connection with It, nor was-i
ecial source of profit. for tpere bi
been a time In the hJstory of .ti
rn ,it has been a depository tha -
id]0le mn i
my sense of fifitfce
u gea.rd for duty w6iO i.b'.


re Io
Splainly '-re'orded 'n- favor f 's.arbn
ith& tx bon State: bapi. (See amind-
thatfollows). .
d to Abolish'State Bank Tax.
tin' 9. That uEctions 3412 arid 3413
'.other acts and parts of acts whicll

as any tax upon tre circuit
.eBanks or State banking ,s as
diand 'the ..mn. are hereiu;.. r'-'0 -
otel for th.lt ameudm'nni ro'..
v does that comport with your charge
.b.' ou sal. you lave made pubiLisi
t. -rha'e,.rot, during my C'ongressiona
vi;je, attempted to" secure the Sn.ictinm
ii-y law on thits subject?
u .tweTe once prominerntly cipp ected- _Vr
jink youirell, I understand, .a'if stuFe
t Oi do not mean to sa.y' tlLat a *On-
ton )f this kind woald dikqul',fyr a-pub
officerr from the faithful diselatige of
o ial duties?
ote from your letter, the jollowmg.
ly.-I have called-lo tie .attention
*'.,.the people whom haie been
iaess tP facts' .it is Sptial
Binst an iui-oie 'lat
e cfria'to word:' lda nd







A`cafdfl,.Vo3L tag, ie h ttw,-1
Sc shows that your statem tii'
o ':ihdato itfact. This' pq'$ shoawav
lit'd t I strictly witth in tpatt),,
'vie a~pi"ky Cone on etary cjuestion 4
s Th tE.ffits in the ease da'r these: r
Stewart of Nevada offered the J
aeadmeuint: t hat
Ietlon'i, ,oh npe 15, line 5, after th i
lereat' It" i'r1ropo--ed to strike'doit,
at.' 'Icoin of"..'t present standard
iAn.l tisert 'in colin ot the plandard '
f ct of July 4 715.' "
t ch maed io la'r fhls end-
able and the nc Pte
"ito table, werei. p
oil Record, Vao

S t Ckrel th
Jon p6 (Ark 16 Jones Ba):
ps wanr
alloa,. bet -ry ent
ij'vote, na3 gthe paaa~d
d ..erst .n...a o. .... tat this.
ttab~ling .the a nt wa,
4q *Vote for ibii~iidment.I






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aVth the Deiimocrat.s A.rruays.
S-the Congrasslonal Record in fur-i
rof'of my position on the financial
'd-s.tandird bill:
time .13. rnge 1'22. Senator Teller of
4L offEred the followlig ameidmrent
pending bill
.people of the United States are in
bijrnetaliirm. and desirous rd any
ng .-,..agree'rient with the-great
ti.L::.nation of the world t'hat-will
'e use of both gold and silvr
established ratio as will maiu-
parity between gold ald..sJlver
nd the effort? of the Go'.ernment
.ey 'pledged to endeavor to -secure
.eralsinhal agreement as speedily

e.on this was iCongres.iorna. ee
e 33, paae 12ir). yeas. as fobl
e, Bety. Butler. Chandler, Ciil-
-.Mont ). Clay, Culberson, Dazi
eirfeld. Jones ), Jon
organ. P.ttus. Rawl
piferro, Teller, Turley,
tattr '. allarry was ab
ilneiss. but paired to vbt
S 'Senator Pettus of Alabama
mis amendment (Congressional
iFlme 33. page 1829):
ins and silver dollarscoined by
States snall be a legal tender
a-yents at their nominal values
o'below the weight and limit of
c-provided by'law for the single
d when reduced in weight below
sandard and tolerance shall be -i
Iner at aluaition In prnportlon to
lwtual weight."
r Aldrli moovrd to lay thbg amend-
1.the. table, bt. withdrew the mo-
'tht tlere waq no direct vote.
Srecorled on the following page
Record, viz, 5.3. on nl my vote. with
the oth-r Democrats. Was yn. iPol-
.-is the vote in detall- Yeas-Bate,
,f.utler. Chilton. Clark (Dfont i. Class,
el Cilherson. Daniel, Harris. Jo es
.Jones (Nev. I Kenny, McEnefy,
nIn Martin. Money. M'organ. Pettus.
ii-Stewart, Sullivan. Talaferro. Tel-
in,, Turrley, 'ozt. Senator Mal-
"absent and III. hut paired to vote

Test Prolopition.
Pftus immediately offered an-
nt. as follows:
.containqd.ln-'thIs act shall
s atrtuia to afct the present
Ldo caiie








count .of ".eis but paired
el,:'" 'the propbso n. ". "
aurih oteffdr' the following
Ito the shme bill (Congressional
l.'e .a page 1932):..
fi .''That sectiorp g3112 and 3U3
I 'ith'er act'sand parfW; of. acts whlch
&irny tax union the.. Circulation .if
ienks or State basn aiciatons
tbe- same are '.. d."
ote thereon ..on page
e 33, Cong &rd anA
g yea leir 1ollo'witi: Berry!.
ilark (l Iopl '. 'ay, Culbersdn',
i'ttfeI. J.oi fes' 'CArkh'..Lirnd*.y.
i .M1aisurin, Mfir'tli- Hloney,, Mr-
utu, Rawiins, Tallaferro. Tillman.
o.'Vist',.enator 1alibry -was absent
rdunt ti Illness, but was,". plred to
yea. . -"
or Jones ofArkana a.(caelrman qf
ional Democratic execXOLIve.commit-
ered, the. following' irn.endn'nt to
.bl; viz., thb gold sttndr bill,
.0ia1- Recqid, volume'S e.
i :" ... ,=:. i M ''' : ." '' ': ';






after the paseflue of thIs
e tnit of the Unted Stte shal e
to the s oin e uf silver, and there
o the oined dlrLe of the -eight of
:e coined t ol. standard silver, nine-
Sf*lni as ptrove..d by the act of J
13 7as and up .r the same terms and
1"t to tane Upo ro%.Islonl
6 t ilenltimital .Io ahd nd legal
quali regli and wherever the
r quality 6f d" for h11S ELI a
coins erein ro r shall he I
cons herei V cericatesmYin



te vod wta e the othe-
.r the amendment oIerid or
i-le- .Te L.ea votes were as
Yeas--Bae, Eer'ry. Butler, Chil-
hi.Cin (iMont.i. Clay, Cockrell, Culber-
?Dniel. Hi-rrls'' Hlltield, JneC tArk.), I
-(Nev )', Kenn.r ictEnery. McLauriii,,
ii'MoneyiItorgarn, Pettus. Rawlins, I
'.Sulli 30.'''al error, Teller, TJIl-
S: ey Senior Malory" wnr


ri 'aJti d t n a amt d..r
national banl .ofccordin,
wt ai-dl cit 'Coressin.

.L i nt r a
si f Th es. w re
eer,- in ro eiCtorel% different
ithe Record that' Sena -
!the following am*n, "" ,

,0, Tl't secto
.is. herebyv
ion 51.e. bNo p.t
n nat bnk
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C ,,


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a'pji'st "it? :. After the adopuor.G6f
endmen.t as a pirt of tho .gbld
bill I voted against- thaT 'bii'
yi:ou hIav voted ilihrwiie The
-the passage uf the bill In its en-
';as as foll,:ws (Congreesional Rec-
.llumje 33. page 1lS..)
A-Aldrict. AllonIn Beveridgre, Bur-
'CatlYry, Carter. Clark (W''.). Cul-
.D\vis. Deboi. Depcr.', EIKins. Fair-
is; Fo Foraker. Foster Frye. Gr.ar. Hale,
Wha, Hariebrough. Hawle-y. Hoar, Kean.
dsay, Lc-dge, McBride. McC',:,m.ir. Mo-
ib'6r, ,lcM\Illain. Inl.zon, Nelson, Pen-
s, Perkdns. Plait (Conn.). Plnrlt N v).
tchard, Quarles, aRoss, Scott. Shoup,
oni" Spoonier, Thturston, WVetrnie, Wal-

raEy-Bnte, Be ry: Butler" Chandler,
Iltqn. Clark iMont 1, Cla-?, -C.jekrell.
bleerson., ;P'niel, Harris. Heitfeld, Jones
rk.), Jones (Nev.'i, Kenny. M RIC.Elry,
i'aurln. Martin. Money, Morgan. Pet-'
I," Rawlins, Stewart, Sulli\an. Talla-
ro, Teller, Tdlmrn. Turley. 'est.
aould Yonrs Hnve Been Different?
ou have pr-iinied tnat my votes on
e -of- these. propoAltJons vw-re wholly
g... Would yours have been different?
'uid you have been recorded in the
&nda.rd column?'
ing to the C&ngressional. Record
4page 101). you sNy:
-nla&TorSm seeking to upltIeNtt


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V--. -an. after the passage
in the Unied and there
:o the oinag -f th-e- weight of
.12e coine trao. f standard silver, nine.
rA ,in an rd bi the act of JaIn-
to the UmitlrId d ahd pb te antsds


der .quality o p r'vide' for shall be
Stinto the Tresdury certifl.at's maY
rhcrET jn tie nl i tr"-I W pro-
'ra,W.uc .on.l R r. volume
tst .I vrd with the ohe"
br6 th anendament o*fered oy
bes-. TLe .?e voies were as
"eas-Bate, Bei'ry. Butler, Cliil-
la'riS IMont.,. Clay, Cockrell, Culber-
7.&niel. Halrrld' Heltield, June IArk.),
erNev' ) Kenn', MicEner.y. MicLauirir,
ney, orgas, Pettus. Rawlins,
rt SulItl o i 'ali'iferro, Teller, Tll-
I ,ley- t.. Senaror Mallorry" wa.,
h io iilness, bpt paired to
0o o o r .
I'vted agaJgaitha ameiade,..
Snaticronal. banljs aocordn'n.-
'.ahd : cite Cotgressiqna.i
hrei ?pvd, as
dhes nb r
b er in thEn Iing
,of T i i er I a..

the Reccord thIat' Senatc e on
g a ce 'ir. B u tler, C
itbe toll,. wing a dmen

.0, TF~it sect o I
i s. hereb ae li-

on51o .1. No .ss
iwith '.a It-le ('ax- ex-

0,00tOmay;-with the
h-i4-lie Trear-ury..iba e Tzed
.the population alt s
: s000 inhbiablqnt
-1with a capital o
.,wijth the sanctio&,
'tbhe preasur'y, be'
e the populaio .,
Di 4,000 inh bidtar' .a.-
i be organized in pu-
hih. exceeds rSOeyip pwith
-l.ess than $210C,0l0O."'


Stherefore, refer to thas, and
n ll entireLd4:-, fault. and lp-

O .the nmeirin:;i t t' l mere-.
htbe laI so ihat national hi.l
o. $o5f000 eoio ld be orgaie







it? Aafte the adopt
endimen.t ~ a pirt of the :o:i d
E ball I voted againsJt that bill.
y:ou have voted otherwise The
S-the passage oI the utI In its en-
Tias ai follows (Crongre-seionl Rec-
'.lumhe 33, page 1.5:-
.-Aldrgt. AlneFrn Beveri d ge Br-
':'Caftery, Cart-sr. Clrl-l (tWyo'.), Cul-
lat\s. Debto. Depfr.', EnIKds. Fair-
- For-.ker, Foster Frye. t-ar. H ale,
na, Hainbrorugh. Hawle'y. Hoar, Kdan.
s4a,. L.rdg', McBride. McCom:ig. Mo-
a, hlcMilln. Masron, Nelson, Pen-
Perkdns. Platt (Conn.). Plarl iN V).
hard, Qu~r!es, Ross, Scott. Sh0 u,.
ni" Sponr, Thurston, ctrnrle, Foal-

yE-Baute, Be ry: Butlere Obandler,
l. Clark 4.Mont ), CIa- '-o. O okrell.
berson..-Daiel, Harris, Heitfeld, Jones
k.), Jones (NENv.', IKenny. 'IMcEr.ry.
Lauriln. Martin. Money, Mlorgan, Pet-
,' Rawlins, Siewart, Sullli\an, Talla-
iro,- Teller, Tdlmrn. Tirley. Vest
. onldl 'onrs Hnre Been Different?
-ou have pr oiatned tnait my votes on
he of- these. propo)ltions w-re wholly
g.. Would yours have been duferent?
id you have been recorded in the
Sdard column?
asng to the Congressional. Record
iage 1(B1). you say: .
a .n/tbrform seektnwt to uHtof, t.

























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at, while .y.o.l when the' bill
?parim t Labor and Com-
nd ration, voted for
the title
rg-ardIng
aiereriLS


Record

ment of
under
eration
ent cof
14da not
h '.h c-ould

at lwe mionli-
oi of thif bItl
iof Lhaor isod."!
b. Rttus In accord-
P gxsed wishes of.
*e aA, Wtativ. UtIbor


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garzti ppagpeed to
Sin the Gern nt, aen
l e requests r the






4d-g of the coWttry. trhlc
of t et of
id Sea is is's mo-
see that I ud not be
The'pepad i. or Labor,
.was a sepaCate and dis-
of thet Government, ald
i a requests of the great:
of the -co try, t "t' lbch
lyrg:o s e It ejullppea .ith
ed K vz.: The 'right foe
place'ln the Presi--
tha.L the counsel of
he', e u)n "all .great
.f .f equity aid economics,"
H iabnl; has vital rntere-ts.
e -What Mr.-Gomperm Says.
eble Samuel Gompers, president of
erican Federation of Labor, writ-.
Senator Frye. President pro tern.
janate, under the dae of January
rid referring tsOqe0jSj status
u lied this protest: -
tri.of the De1t).o Com-
..4.,.proilsl on ubord-.
J'lOiepartmaeit o'" bor, will
i tace of lasbi's inter-
Ai' r.reannt ronnvtra.'4nt+


.,- .*A" ^ .


~474

6P






-7L-I-
- '1'

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1 G frb'pers, T'p r.eelden t Ts I"I
Jn'-ederation of Labor, and'tCif i~
S.;R Fuller, repreRwnt'U8've" of r'i'
od of Locniotive Engineere, the"
iIood of "Loomotive Firemen, the
R Rnailw.y Conrduotors, the *Brother-
o -Railway Trainmen, and the
i of Railroad Telegriphers, and
Others who stood for the interests
a'or against allowing the words rP-
to, 16 remain in the hill. thereby
dinating labor to the jiur-idiction of
apartment of Ciomnierce, Sernatr Pet-
ri Jnnulory -., 1912 (Colngressional
i a'ol. 35, page l60), moved to strike
.the r.odv of the bill, NOT ITS
,the words "Dtpartm-nt of Labor

St.will readily sae, therefore, that tih
esentatives of labi,:r did n.: wish thu
L'rtment of Labor carried into the Di.-
itment of Comrrere, and It nrust be
te as plain to you that, if the words
&partmenr of Labor and" lad been elim-
.ed from the body of the bill, as con-
plated by the amendment of Senator
ts, the wishes or the representatives
labor would have been met and the
reau .of Labor allowed to remain In
ati endent state.
Svote recorded on Senator Pet-
rent was as follows (Con-
c V l.t 86., page 105.1-the
- 1uI


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ir



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chargee of, a eoretiirt with a seat
aint,. while T-'oVriL'hen the bill
aDJepartm t fl Labor and Com-
a d ration, voted for

ords .greardaing
E r A. ,lrateretLS

Cu.e.
S.as Record
tAh r.h at of




aE'n 01 lri4l~' u nm theu
ieJ thera illo
Ient o- enta ~d.'


eb ,t e.ttuu in accotd-
H b ie. i'ed wishes of








), rg 1. 'i l i j cd tou

.ind ,pinthn
'- t of .L t ord.


he rests o w the gra.t





of the -eoattry.'whlbich
..iy. o see It equMpd ."ith
i^t."cked, .viz.: The 'right foe
ah.ad place in the Pre ti-
tha.the coutnel ot




^^3 <,]". bes,- upon "all great

Li"labnt) has- vital Inlerests.
e'What MLr.-Gompers Say.
Samuel Gomper, president of




srica he Federation of Labor, wril-
a.r Frye President pCro trm.

Bre, under the na th Januer
d. referring d tha.the l stofus
aw equity add economics"






U,:ftled this protest: -
t.of-the Depdl-i o Com-
e.-proviloisi'' M ubordt-
mm ei:ax t m 't*t'4 ft a.b or, will
a thce "errltat p's Inter-:
the present Deparndfai-:
t' c.'proeiure16n








.'-'Federation of Laor, and'tlot
.R 'F'uller, repr arnsntLtve, of- '-
'.od of Locomoitive EngineerE, the"
hood 'of Lo.tomottive Firemen, thLie
'Railwy Co ndutoljrs, the e Brother-
f R3iiayv Trainmen, and the
:-orj Railroad Telegrapher;, andi
lh others who stood fir the interest-
tIr against allowtgig the words re-
Sto,, to remain n the hill. thereby
4inating labor to the uriediction of
ip.artmrent c, COLnneri:'i, Senatur Pet-
pn January .s, 19i2 (Cougr~isinona]
,'ol. .35, page 115W), moved to strike
thbe rSodv of tlie bill, NOT ITS
e, the nords "Dtpartmno i of Labor

Nd .will readily sre, therefore, that tih
esentatlvess of .la,:Jr did n:t wish thu
'rtrment of Labor carried into the Dc-
ment of Commrerce, and It must be
e as plain to you ihat, if the words
partnent of L.abor and" had bter elim-
ed from the body of the bill, as con-
plated by the amendment of Senator
us, the wishes or the representatives
abor would have been met and the
iau..of Labor allowed to remain In
defieindent state.
vote recorded on Senator Pet-
ment wass ta follows (Con-
'tlw y Vdl.' 86, page 101--th-e
-iwa.- z m *, 46hel





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'5-
Yea-Bacon -.B'B jerry, Blackburn.
Clark (M o Il~ ibos.- Gibson.
H Dar Js' ta es (Arlhansas),
jWrorgan,

U,1ve
d .'u $, u as
jepre ew511fls

If .you n 'as to
wishes bject, you
Iturnto eo a fk ssio Ri d, Vol.
'ge 1il;-: where yod will' fnd Mr.
ler- laetter.in full. I quote theretrom

e.'narnitly but respectfully protest on,
"at of these organizaiiona against that
ofi e- pending bill (s. 3,)," which
Si toe place the. Department of La-
i rhe Department of Cnnimerce.
is the': hops of the laboring peo-
SijMohtr that an independent
.t;,r''x:Indbnr..l.a vlng ;a net
-. 4fflr dieda r '

45 0

,t ered to. t
3iatLy thus voted down he
on to allow the DEpirrplent of La-
e'remtin. an indepeenderit department
: Government the ball was amended
ding. to Its utrle tn words "and
and adding to the body of the
Sise Ards wherever the words "the
meat of Commere e" appeared.
'wal not a dissenting vote nor sin-
bjection to this amendment, and labor
thusgli'en as much dignity and Im
.tce as,.po-sible in thi new department
a Government. It will be seen, there-
.fthat, inLtead of v.'ting agaJnst the
S'tf labor, as you say I did, I voted
bcordance with labor a clearly ex-
essed wishes, and endeavored as well
.'arry into effet the p.'licy of the Dem-
tic party.
Let the People Judge.
0ave gone at some lJngtii into these
rs in order that the people of Flor-
'may Judge as to whether or not I
been true and loyal to the principles
e great Democratic party in which
have vital intorest. I have stated
Sely that I stand before them upon
fB'rd. In their intelligence, in their
Segment, iu-their correct sense of
a- bvF an abiding faith. I leave.
a betweene. yoi atnd nie.







nanae date qn a ,A
of' poltcalc'queations.. i-
lobe sin Floda.'irl a' &e
willl find me rsady and "willing
Prepared to deferid my record when-
wherever, however, and by whornso-
assailed. Respectfullv vours,
J. P. TALIAFERRO.





S .3. :Jo. 9 OreatiTg ,. R. commission. Referred to
-ommittae o.n I. i. &. Tel. ?ak3 63.
S 3. No. 10 To prohibit railroads or corporations to
I contribute political f-nda or to issue frae transno-rta4ton -
Parre 64 C( Tia bill -~ i pass.) -`--
3 T. 3. -No. 74 To requirL railroads and other transpoo:-
tation companies to nublish a list of every pass or gratuituous
transpo-'tation issued by them,and to -rovide penalties for vi-
::lation of the same. ?refa-ered to Committee on R. R. &. Tel. -
? Page 9. ( This bill failed to become law.) ,----:_
S"J7 J. J. es. No. 32 P-oposing Amendment to ronstitttion,
S;, Sec. 2, Art. 3 Referred to ^'mmittee on Ponstitutional Amend-
m wnts Pa?;e 9A -(Resolution failed to pass.) .- t '.
H. J. Res. 14. 33- Proposlng Amendment to constitution,
Sec. 30, A..-t. 16. Referred to committee on R. R?. &. Tel.,
Paee 9$ ( e.3So. failed to pass. ) /- 7 '-* 27-
H. J. es. No. 34 Prn-oostnr Amendment to ronstitut'on,
Sec. .3, Art. 16, Page 9 referred to committeee on R. R. ,'.
Tel. Pag;e 92 ( Failed to pass.) .
Conmitte,3s on which Ih.W Stockton served : -
Finance and Taxation Railroads and Telegraphs
enrolled Bills Legislative E-ocenses
H. B. No. 4 (Should be 4. J. 1es 47.) Proposlng
.Amendment to Constitution ( No eoe6tan ofr Art. mentioned)-

L_________










S ... "o, 73O, .'or rT:j..c"? c f -':.orn 'r -'eroes of TLvJy .ndc ot.-.,r
Co'u:rT..;::. i era :d tJ e an ,', -... o :;. To r'rov..de for .l,.ct o'n r ..t'"fns :f r n.., -
''rer d to ,o. on :'riv. .;ot

-.rst ti d ir.de m ...on r .or r. 'r.. o. /r p" .
....a -.s ;. .. ' o i. ,.n .- r n s 1 O

'' ., .,;. T , ,* .*- >: .. o isTl t ti .i.; .': lon.:oren .,t ;-r::.:. .t to
'.0 ..3 A : ".nt :'. r o; .:; ti:. 'i:o,"i ( to .o; ", ", : ...... ." ", .

*.0 o : I.Q -r -. ; "..in ; C !: .'; i "" ',t:.. c .. r :'. >t i:.
on.?/ (r /r .* ..ra11;n ::r-.- '.*,m 'r po' t,:: 1 :. w'' 3,, i 1;::'. .1;
lj, p .ti X .'. :...; .f.nr .. '.ord "'i' .. .of '--" or -....; .:.-"
-;- c .,.' rn ... n f .. ;.l .:.-- -- :i 1 .
*-O.".'.'r '" :.--., 1on ,, u *j', .'-, ,- "

r. i .. 64o o:." . ,. -. n't ". ::..g .' on dr'. t

In '-u. O, I) C ', 'i.
*. .* '9 , :"J..ini' ; ., ..,; r. ::.:.'. t o ". ." '" ;.' ',rd- to
c 1., o .n d,; . >' :J 2..AL, *,. I., j -b o .. -.r .. . iU .. .,
.* 11 m* *:, tj..; 5d for t i8.. i .or :' t. i, t





Referred to Pommittee Con. Amendments Page 134 (Fa'iled to
/ /a oass.)
H. J. Res. No, 48 Proposing Amendment to constitution,
( No section or art. mentioned.) Referred to Committee on
Constitutional Anendn-aents ?aie 134 ( Failed to pass )
j, i&T H.. B. No. 5 To transfer all certificates issued to
the State for unpaid ttaxes on lands now in the hands of
the oomaisaioner of AgR-icul.ture under chapter 4011,Laws of
Florida, to the custody of the State Treasurer,and providing
for the redemption and sale of such lands. ( Bill passed unan-
imously ) Stockton voted Yes. Page 148
/.i'%;' IR. B. No. 6 To be entitled an act to establish a
CouPt-i.y court in lural countyy 62 for and 1 against Bill
Dassed Stockton voted Yes. iPge.148 "- ~: 2-
: H.- H. No. 8 To be entitled An Act to amend See. 1730
RPevised .tatltes Bill passed Stockton voted Yes. Page 149 ..-';
/-' H. B. No. 23 Precrtbt)int a penalty for landing sick
seamen or uauuners in seaports of the State. Bill passed -
Stockton voted Yes. Pag;e 149. i ;
1.-.:H. B. No. 29 To amend Section 11 of an act creating munici-
pality of TKey Test Bill passed Stockton voted Yes.
SPa- 150. 3
S. . No. 33 To define what shall be seemed nuisance
injurious to health etc. Bill passed Stock+on Yes -Page 150

Bfc-------------- -





7f. .. B. No. 53 To asta'blih: criminal 'ourt of -~tnam 1o0.
-^1'" tLt pa:ised Stockton voted Yes. ?Page 151. A-? 5; -. y -
3'*. B. 3o. 4 To p.ovtdo for the l ay mernt of monOy
-:' -'ec iv'd' for liquo1 licens(-e to the Co. Treasurers and to d tribute s~ue 'ill pa3edr Stockton voted Yes. PaRe 15B -
tl. ;eaa ?i rL' >?/ms. 5 e- u z A.
rnLu, ':Iteto on "a:Lroadle und mele-rapha April 14 '?: ae
159 1i30 r epoortid mI1u3titute for H. 3. No. 9 introduced by
',1cr. Stoltoukton and ?. Io. I 13 irnt.oduced by ,r. Owena to
3staioliinh 1. n1. (omnli son. Substitute read and placed annng
orders of dia. Tepnot Com. on R. R. &. Tel. aire 165.
,' v H. 73. 1o. 61 To o-r.anj-'t.Z a county court in and for MS"tni' -
County a:tll passe ltorcton ioted Yea. '"Papo 180, 4 ..
'. -. 3. .1n* 171 To inable the 'h-nusband in all camas. wfIoF
the 'wif' cont.2ol3 h.1 er 3m-,n-i-rte real ?state under a free dronlo
license under the laws of ?1o--Lid to sell and convey IMs m0al1
estate, Withnout the wife ;1jot):tn in the dsed to relinquish her
4ow ry theretn qRefeqad to .Judiciary (orm'ittee ?age 206.
i' 3. o 174 trov'3.etbtn the t-'isnortation of bicycl1Is,
trt.ycl3 s and 'ba'y cartyg i. by 'Rs. and qteaamloats o0 otoer
transno:,"tation oa. "~'f~3-*3 to rom on 'r.r.A&.Tel. ?Par 221
T. B'3. o. 9 .e 13 r. Stocl-ton ioved that '10O conaio
of suibs^ttute be 9 p.;-tod vhich ias agreed to. Pae ?6



L I







"ill. paR..ed, became a law. Stocl:ton voting "ycs#,
H.B. `129, tby 'Pr, Pobrts~of \'as'hin',ton-- "Anti- rust bill"--
(title too lonF to copy) ..p- e:'rs on ?P. 1:.36-4,31 & 473, ;'Ainc p.Lsaa o
ir. To-!si p. ,02, 503. .itoc:t- not voting, altho journal of J: iit
aeseton alio--. .- that he w;s prr'.;n-.nt tlhat day. --p 507. S.3 ,,,,. -
i.B3----- ( k lockton on Triay letter- p, 953:.)
.- .84, 'Zo rpFeal Chap, .442C" LTa.'vs of .'a. "Yo .uthoriae
. R.n r.nd Canal ConmpriniSe; to condeuni lands a d wv'ater rights for ter-
mihal piu'n1Rpsea. Passle5i :oause,- failed In o, Stoc:ton vot n: "y;es"

1:.'., '7;,, To er-povwer cit'les and to:nsB to asness omAttecd lanJds
and ;-Lndir nt- a11ally sold for taxes, a; eld House,-- inLJ.d in on.
,toLo,,to" : voting "y1s" p. 1131--1132. L ...... x ^. .<- ..
. '- ,i .'30. i.n cf.t requiri-ni a special license tax to be paid
by (;mress companies doi n(-.- i;;-,.ss in this otato. ('.B,3.-- h:'s .ot
:epe ..le4 the Act of P )15, which tazced the cor...ni es f'.r each o.7'io
in the f ;..te) -ill pj.;; cc--- boc.i-oe a law, s'.oc::ton :sysl.p.l299-
1224 (vote) -125.
:. I.1, -3. Pro h "t.ins, tfin, l:eys Aia-;d in the sale of ..-;oda ..t.er, ui..neral C.nd .ri-,t-
ed vtater, porter, al.e, beer, oider, i-;: er ale, m ilk, crear, s:c.ll1
beer, la_.or ber, vi 3er .ine ber d wv.ite b.:cr, or ote]cr "-ivorirz-es, or
medicines., medical pr-nperations, i..r 'urcs, oils, co:.:ou..ds or -i.:-
tures. i'0.l passed- becaeif a law. Scc]:ton "yo3". c

(,;.., Only two of the bills i'- .ro.,c-d by :. 3too :. on r---.:ed.
S.3 "n. 0, :'o prohhit con.riu-;ion c,2 .o:7. or tr.-..rorta.lon




I


I rx/,


by corporations, also H. B. 352. Protectinr,- owners of boxes, bottles,
siphons, fountains, tins, keys used in the sale of soda water, min-
eral and arieated waters, porter, ale, beer, cider, ;-in,-er ale,
milk, cream, small beer, lacer beer, wise be(r and white beer or
other beverages or medicines, medical preparations, perfiuars, oils,
compounds or mixtures. 3ill passed.



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?? .-o;? try ab,I},904.




-. Ja;.' ~. P. T aliferro

Jac:zonv ille, 'IL.

S 'ar c :-


\ 'r le tter t: ..; .''C .. *, ... :. .

!'..04, rcachc. 'e e on the 3rd 1 ,:tan: t, ,. ..: ILv.2 .,,t i...<. A o& -



Alt.. ; I lT.J '" . c;rQ L
c,': o' ; l ;; e -.. in ; :. '

*n in a --c.. ;!t ','.Alic le' ter o er si ;..' 1,e, I note t t

*. r that l inco:-rect Allu tici .-o.....t5! t you h.

~:4t..*11 i n to a oe ,.,a .1 , ico, .AJ r i .- in i ..;.o .;- for

:- r isi:.tL.t;.nt of .'fact L:u follow,.: ".'- l nt -

** wO... dienec veracit ,. 1 'r.*u m t- '; .. i. L.' cr the

.*f -i ct. i o i o *" .:.Of u.:L lr 2;-. u. it :. ..
4
S' i.1 I if t ,r ;. 1 .,





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'. i i t 1 . t .. CO L-




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,' / ": I t. \ .. .' :. ... ".L 0 "



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* 111







/ 7




J.P.T.-#--2.



v-rov cd.d the affaire of the "t-t" ar. ad.piini::.t re d i.ic1- e-nd

honcutly, sh-.ild h-tave thel effect of .lo;;irin Luxcs a.1nd .2 l;uLen-

.inrm; the 1hurc con of Lill the people."

In connection wi tI t.h :.'. f ltis c. -a.-.:,

while giving ; the fullest credit. uo every man who helped to rm-

cure tTu i.&isuag;e o the Act .f .-.. .. .. '.. '. i T '..ve

.1 licl" i]. !l in=ed tha-t it 'J. S .. t .... ': L: i c .tL



....r ' c o r ' . . o f "i . ..
slate Was no new J.e .ir los .. : .tti1. r OC





r oie .cq,;;' valon.r in u:fect, .*7 .. :-. :k & ... t. .!: the

S"ti. th, Jift- co;d, .: .--".h .t.-f: .t.d f. -

t' .... .... "s',," 3It-S R, i-' t? 1 i.: t22 ie -".. -. r' ...-.. .:,L, -". ,' iv*c ,

I reiterate tVat .e ... t r. -



bill .nd t. .'i ,- th ac .. i- .o. i J ; .:. J. .. e-

^ .l ..f ,v e ; s ', ..- . .. :, .. ,,1 .. .11.
+ '*-. ;- .'.,,; 'ir:. ..:.l Li ..a. a .. c.i ... .-.K *... b. i- .

ae.- ,J*1 ti, WL.. 5 I 2. .*",S*f .. you A -

,'..! ,', ,,1,. ..u t i n ,., ,f,- < ., : ,.. ; ;.1 . .. "'

I" ,..' ..'. I-, Etl a ,. ii ti o a.. ..ut in ::- 'i-. ,, ......e . t ... .c

: J. V:,:.ve 1-, ;n '?.-.--.,e ctA.j ':! 3 "-" .. I c i 0o .
,* t to i e cco .t-kr c-.

I ri.ei t th^ .t ,.*' .A.t 1 .2'.. :.,Q ..... .t ,. t

'..tt no:.t ,- lU d lli:. ..: 0 1H.,,. .*. :a :. :.... : . -. ; , .

'..j-r rr 2.tatc':iefnt, oor jJ.V ...' L.l.t, .-4 '* 1 .: i,

,rn1'-. s, for 1i_,.thoueas, n.;.Vajl .ati.io.ifl i.ti., i.. ov:-;il-
















able, or could i', any wayh be ::iude availablee for "lowering taxes

and lesseninu the urduens of l!I the people".

Again'I assert that the State administration, no

matter how "wisely and honestly adminiistered," as sugg-ested by

iou,, hua no authority or control over any of these amriots so

iJ i IA Ir i uo as tU c al; it to .il L .. cIol..r theru-

of OtowLirds "lowering taxes iand lesBcnin,.; h'-. "'furdlens of :Ill the



In the prepe:-atio of ":y letter to .;uue, dated ,Jan-

,.r, r 1904 t'-ore seel to 1;ave bioen zo.::r i'acc':-a.c:- s J i the

t.tL r :-. eci '.o n, rnaii ly, an U .. ctr ct f .r rcco t., i'...ich Ji

Sto .our o i ire hich} will

-1how that I co.l.loriod it i te,-ull.; ir: the ...itt..ers re. erred to.

I-. I wore inclined to follow- .-our e:-:'Lple i,. ..I -... 1,- a c t'r-ct-

icn, I wruild say thcre ",;a.n no intojntion of d 1.;.; yoi01 'i.jtstice;

se:verfl cGent us..on of u.,iquc...Lion6cl .iit,_ rl it aiC vcr-acitly in-

for.' m c. no, etc. 1 .t I .hav: nv'r for-oc'. he co.inv '.: h.Abit

of' hiringg reuponsi'i ilit. of' o.';i, and I prefer to.- o-;-.ct,

t.:hos- inaccuracies in a r.orr canc.ici mnner, and to :sa- th.it I

fin.d that the ,r-,:i positionn ri-el.ative to the vote on an 4AoncmL-ent

Lo otri:e tle '.:ord "gold" anlo liz:crt the .ords; "i .cin of

,"L" "n(dtd value", in int.ui.-
"ol. 1,6, :...:;e 1529) is not the i;rop,9siti'in voted u1po4 l, '; at

"' ;T' vote was a.Taiz.st an a.cnd.,..nt to table; a.id, ;hbi;c .. vote

aai_-in'.t taljin,. i.s cedirnarily considered "equivalenIt" L" .., vote

for the profpolsition tabhled, it is Met neces~.rill, so. Tha.













J. '.T.e --4.



ycur vote relative to grading national banks according to

p--', nationn was l Ikwise -isaunderstood and was not againr:t the

a..-' !o:Itrt .-ut &i.-ainst the passage of the bill in whi'oh the amend-

-'ent had been incorporated. Alro your vote on '-he labtr 'c-

partfment question was for an amendment to strike t-ec wt."rz

"' d eartIeni t of la. or b.nui" fr,'i the r..c.:-" of :: .-jj 1 -nd

... frO- rir:' t'tl" thereof. I .;la.diJ.L 'a;l these corrections

., -.1. 3 ot_ c .i. u to .i;:i L t L athe : an oiur .r-.' '.. the

.'.. -iroscntIa'ionr :.nd ml-]is.'ot:.Lii n a-a .inr t t e, i -, '.. this

'2. nl exnlan.* iji. nT i i. c-" :'o ,i t ,, 'm -.. '- .. '. .":t er

'- e'" .::J-u' 1, i )4.

i have said, ar'd )ow repeat, tlhat ".rou "4've n t,

c.~ "*'-r f'ive "ears' c-rvi'ri: in the U i'ted "ta s

i:Lrctduced a bill, resolution or a._ ndionnL :in ;' "';jcci. .r

.:* : ".. yin a fi, principle ,:9:.'.3ii: toc. i tce :e .:::icr'.,.iL :....1:or'a

-juon wl-iich ./ou ;t.ire electea, or tr one ci opto' duerri-t iir

S a. '7o-:atnr -- nhIich 1 con( ' :. :u"r, co .: -.!C' A 0

." e 6hj o. c. tic p latfor .,. .;t..e ( .i n-. ,a2.

I f.urt-,er c;.'-eart that 0-o r r'"co06 ,-; c;,.:. ~Lor :3s.1o s

S -1 '.av,- not .ro .'c ". '' VLe .c W:1 u. r c' I .



1_"t' .*. '., ".0 :" .. L 4
." . %r, .a d this : a..i c w 1 cr *' AU. a -.. t ".t. I C u .,:is-

'"s. Cd .h ut. the 1.l.,erida d elei;:ati :n h-1 uA ccou. LC alijs1 .'ot. : .uing

. .a tirate a.. ain .st the "'luiriL. d olegation, and .. .'u ci .-

Jicizd or alluded to thu -.:cord )I n, .' :nl ..fr of Lthie i.1 ...tionl

C 'i' tha'..n ,''' rsulf-- i.ld .... -'.nc ./ oui r o.-6 ..v


















bcon onl;: iuchj as the peoplee of --'lor-iia .aru iniuruste in.

1 reltlrate ti t .incu ncLtoer, IeJC, the national

-u0.lj.. of ahich .::o.ou were preiL...dimn has had L ;-overt-nent deoiosit

'. e ii int; wjth a;;out a',,.'O0, ~nd .crear i.- in s,'cc : .......'S

Sj1.0 LUj..<'da of' 4 00,u'O, withouLL interest, and upon which 'o



S .' . of L -C l

"; i I h ve atl.ed o ....O it cl t t if L::-.. .ri-










'-..! I h ve u .ion 1 occ0. .nions cicucu.sS d -..:ii0. ic.- r as



'. o n-.'. "? -. d Tio : o u ./i l. .;L i :.. ";',U t I ..,." 1 ., G -,.'. d i ii '.,: *,' ,*": ..i O '-

by the hisi.oric -nO t.uk,( pr:~,nt Lttituc;u *-' thll ci :icr tic party

& ,, uixe:;noansed anC. roitorated in its part platform .ro -e

r iest (.a y-s t.'.. Lh-e .fb''lO i't. I hdv...' co.i'r.1 ,i:~' .i '.: L. .; :..- e

-..:-cJ.l privil,, c. ,o. ... .. :'.i hi' it :;u to :-.n a:. ,ni r

..Uy .. -h oni.r 'nC ...' l w us J *- ;, o .- '. t ;d

'i. tes an "^- ':' 1 &l ,iV S t.... is .tc, t.c. ji
.' ': .t icu Lill.l c .. i... ,i ,J f *,J.. u.t' o S L i. L ii


,', ,", servj. C- i.' ite. 7 Ie:;, Lu, CatE .t. a ', .. acuc .,',-. .. .-..I .... .:.-it

an/ lawz. on ,;hi o nubj.CLct, a, cOc! ..i.L .;. .he .. .fIU-

r:-ntic .l.tf'or:: iinfi:.r 'hich. ou "wer ulCctd ,.n ,d ;:m e. -,s

h:eto; :ht. to'r oi n thu contr d rr, ou L'v i :. io" .hi

.i;'
a ;u
!- J-






a Id






. p.T. - -I


violation of this fundamental principle of democracy by secur-

Ing and retaining for your bank the special privile;-es to

which I have referred. Adn in proof of :y assertions regard-

ing; this matter I have offered to the people the official re-

nrd of 'the fThited I tatu s ':r....iury T.'c ,'rt:ient.
...1.-H-. ,:?~'hS :.*."... ..* **u.. s ij
I repeat that the .-at;. icinl jlatfonrn, of "^. 1996

qnc4 1900, and the State platfor:a of I''):-. :.-ioirncod the i.usuance

.' national banks of notes intenddad to circulated s ..&on ,

..'ore ;3 o;; have done nr L1-. .!,.; :. tvc r in ifurtherr-ncCL this

d '. an ;-. af in i on1 -ot cU lr' c. %..anded tokG do ; 1.il3 -..lat-

c'r .; firther .., t. t o .1. .<. r..., ce ": 1 ..i 't

-.o crond timn- of the American ':r'-iing;an, alluc for thel crea-

1ion nf a department of labor in char.-u of a seci-etcr :. th a

. -1 t : l ; ;-; . . L ill :.o C u.- -. e

c' ne'.art.me-O.t of co.:. :.,;rce as I efora t.h,- soenazlt, Votoe for an

z.:ie:nr.:'ent to .trike irt t h words "iep; rti. .t f 1..bor &.nd" fro

the bill, (Congreassonal Record, Vol. 35, pa.:e LUbO) thus iis-

S..r n; the .pl t:for lid iC.a ir ll: the iinterent. o.' the

:.,'.. io.,-; ...rople of 'lrjicia azdi thue n tion.

I as art that the rou ..ter 1aL.rL of ,olur fo')'- i,: c- -pip ;e

ro l:' o ry .orMia- I: .er a rc *1 t erF: i,-rci..;1 ivu t Wan: ev: lve,
k;,' 1.. t. '.
i'd L;.,rt e, for ,s to :u4 t.i.ft r ."e..I r vcotuEs .ra+tJ;t: .,:"LI '. d c ... thc

pronli, si t ina suLb..:i tt t o.r : : t.a n.e : You ;2... to 1.. .ch

Bt -'0,os .:.on ;A itutter fr-o;~ '"n. .a l ;o:i.: -n, f:r .. : 1 o the

,i r ci-n ederatio of T.bor, written to 7.' n ttor ''e, ':-';Jdc dt t

:,-r to.. of thiu 'c.iate, urid cr dato of Januury 29, 1 .:, ...ich





















'(









P T



J.P.T --47.


I take to be intended by you as a justification of' your vcte,

w-ich .van in violation of the language and spirit of the plat-

for..; ;nd if on prefer to follow the advice of o'ie man rather

tJ..n the comi:and- o'f joiUr party, I can readily see that there is

a choice between them. I.i the clause of 'r. omilnpor-. letter

preceding your quotation I finoa ibis language: "It is to Sup-

1 t- :i z .,frusent Uitfici lLu.i'- tLat, ta "h .im.eiCL..- utcoratio. of

S. !'... ;6ae., and h.-ulo r.e-i t a o incroasa its .if'orts to

:- th. e G :a-ct.s ..t -.- ~Ci ;-s.: ot a law .cr i. :ir: ai Bo- .,rt-

.,:-t of 7 T bor wviTh a. Scc -' Lar- wh' o :;h&ll h:'.r a -.*_-t i t'he

'"'- : r; ". *1L '. L .1 i.J!: b

[ u .I.U J '._J- :. Co .L ; u ,ct'i ;; r .. :O '.., L,. :i.L. r t; rcv0:o

... lor, J .,r '; z dtwi. ',: of thu rot;:b rho.t-: of .c,.. )tive

i .ru-r; thu r f. LthI-'r-:. irTo oTf Iocoi otive .'I'ircmen; Order of r.ail-

'.*" ,'( uc'tor ; r th rh i. 0 '. haiiroacld truin U.n iA.i Li....e Order

.. ..; Jlroi... r.,;h r e t 'Co. o i :.' l:.ae': bt een o :;-.oc t to

utbordinating the intretBt a. iG ulfare oL the lIbur or.:ariza-

J on:. t ab.t he r:prt.,:S r itnid tC ,rh.t i-f co:..corc-:, but can -nu deny

';.t i c too Lfavor,.6 the cru-utioun of a. d .pi;-t1u ;t of l..'or ..'ith

c" r*c ;..-Lry u.t its la.i;.l_: ithi seat iP., thi- . -.linct, i:* r;i tc.

ua-i distinct fro;:, t'he rt:e.,.rt;:.cnt of ''oiL:.:er ,a.s .as cInt-,.pla-

tod tihe d.. -ratic latfor: of 1'JOO arnd uinani i o;sl;: sJ.red

ac..d .ei; the 1... or leaderss ? And .ri o. m.'. : .- ffir;t-

ut';c c.ff'ori't io hi;ve Suci' u la.; e:. aucoC..

'hese aie ...L...iur S 3. j r LhO u.ico.0j C to .i.:r ... .0 ad

.13s j.id.,.:;iont upon, anlc therefore I repeat .iy invitation and


h'


















o n r a.nr callengc rou to ,:ect -me in joint c'.e.ate in u..ilic

to C:i.-:.cs ;s-efore the people of Plorida t-'ece questions at

a.'.r tilnes and places to be agreed uTon.


lt, -* YWours very trily,




















- .- -








Senator Taliaferro introduced altogether 16 amendments, 47 bills

and 4 resolutions, -- 67 measures. Of the bills and resolutions, 37

were private relief and pension bills, 12 of which passed, -- seven of

the 37 were duplicate bills; seven were for public buildings, three being

duplicates and none of them passing; one was a bill to grant pensions to

Indian War survivors, which was reported adversely and indefinitely 4

postponed; one was to improve the entrance to Cumberland Sound, which

' -- ---.- died i-n-An4 he Rouse -Coanitte.e; two.0 raa-ted- -~Ao the Unite-.-- St.ataLe-~laO- ...,. --,

both of which failed; one was a private railroad bill, which passed; one

was to establishat a marine-fishery station in Florida (failed); and one

was an inquiry relative to sponge fisheries, which was adopted. Of Mr.

Taliaferro's 51 bills and resolutions, 15 passed and 36 failed.

Of the 16 amendments which he introduced, 3 were for the improvement

of waterways in the St ae of Delaware; 6 were for the improvement of

waterways on the East Coast of Florida, 4 of which passed; 3 were for

public buildings, 1 of which (for Jacksonville) passed; one related to

the Indian War Claims (adopted); 1 was for equipment of Miami quarantine

station (adopted); one was a private claim for a steamboat (failed);

and one was for the purchase of land adjacent to Key West naval station ,

















A7 it
d 4 L Re 14 a-








AIA'.c J
~9 h\
















--, Feb. 5, 1904. .



HTon. J o m P. Taliaferro,








ar stan : in. at an .for, Sillful evsion, it is .vorh r, of the twenty

Ss time -presumably devoted to eits reparation.

You said that in nakinR the st.atei.,ent you did Ft Eraidentowvn in

presence, viz: "Governor Jenninzs ;.-:' I hc;ve done nothing, since

I have been in Congress" thbt there is no intention of doing ne an in-

justice. I called your attention to the fact at the time you made

the statement on the stand at Eraidentowe n that I had nade no such state

riont and -l scy t.h.,t the statement %as not Cnade iti the intentior of

:Tig me an inj tie. f not, why not e :'n eno~ h toi at least -.

dertake to correct such statement? Instead -of doing] so, yor u.ertlk9e

to hide 'cbhi.nd "soveranl ;ntlemn" .whc; You s: "info ried" ynu and corn'

tinue to circulate the report in the public nress over yr-our si n-ture

and in circular form to the voters of the 'tate.

Your discuss ion of the Indiarn War claim o rl develops your lack of

information on the subject and I f~1ll" agree :vith your statement that

plethora of C-ords and phrases (on your part) will not mislead the pub-

lic. They have been advised that -'-ur matchless record as .:hnrn by

the Congressional Record, does not entitle you to the credit that haS








/ i // v-
._- ,^,. ?.- .^^..



-/I




2.

been claimed for you, (that you and your friends have claimed for -ou./

You say that you have even accorded to me the credit for the ,'prfunc-

tory part I "played in taking the warrant home". This shows with what

little care you treat official facts and is another creibit of your

utter lack of authentic information on the subject, even after your

attention has been called to it and you have made such a thorough in-

vestigation and study in the preparation of this fourteen page reply to

a few questions that could easily have been answered, yes or no and

are still unanswered. I have never claimed any credit for any part

taken in the collection of the Indian "'F.r Claim and I challenge you

to show to the contrary. You would doubtless like to forget that you

have claimed so much and when I have underta-ken to show the abJsurJity

of your extraordinary and arrogant claims to the exclusion of your col-

leagues and predeoessors, thDnm you ask if I am not takin, g oial i, ideC

in the fact that the Indian 7 clain was collected during ,- adn nis-

tration. 'Tere did you get the impression that I brought the '1 rrant

home? You ask if I au offering to the people of Florida that I h.ve

done something in connection with the Indian W!ar claim with which I ?am

especially to be credited. I certainly do not make any pretensions of

this kind and why do you undertake to pad your reply to record facts by

such idle inquiries when you know in advance that I have not.


I I


















3.
You ask if I forget or if I knew that Governor Drew, and Governor Blox-

ham and Governor Fe-_- and Governor F.lemig and Governor Mitchell all

exercised the greatest energy to urge this matter before Congress, and

that all of thoeperhaps,made greater effort in this direction than

you :Wve been kno,.n to do." Certainly I admit all of this and never

have pretended anything to the contrary, and why do you make such refer-

ences ,does what these much loved sons of Florida did entitle you to

credit for what they did?

You ask why it is that I scek to have you say that the aggregate

of the various appropriations for Florida, viz:4,100,000 "would lower the

taxes and lessen the burdens of all the people". For the reason that you

ma.e such a statement with the evident intention of misleading the
peop l by your statement. that "this means ore than *7.00 per capital

for ev.ry an, woran and child in the Stat. of Florida, and the collec-
tion of the Indian ,ar claim, provided the affairs of State are admin-

istered wisely and honestly should have the effect of lowering the

taxes and lessening the burdens of all the people," when you knew or
should have known that appropriations for Rivers and Harbors, Public

buildings, light-houses, &c. never reached the State Treasury or are

never under the control of State authorities and that your concealed in-

sinuation conveyed by the language of your proviso that oif the affairs

of State are administered wisely: and honestly, should have the effect


II I I I



















4.

of lowering the taxes and lessening the burdens of all the people" 1

is a misrepresentation not founded upon fact. You ask if I contend

that the improvement of Rivers and Harbors does not make new and

competing avenues of commerce and thus lessen rates of freight.

If you mean the harbor that you procured by your amendment to the

River and Harbor hill of $250,000 in the 56th Congressand .-.0F,0O0

in the 57th Congress, the only one that you did procure, as shown,

by the record, then I will be compelled to answer your question from

the most desirable official information that I have been able to proe

cure, that it did not make new and competing avenues of commerce nor

lessen the rates of freight. You ask if I contend that high rates

of freight are not a burden to all the people. I do not an so far

as I know have never been 'ceuised of any such contention, but I have

said that you did not during yo~ur service in thle Sennte of tti'c TTr.ited

States introduce a bill, or resolution or amenri,,-ent to enl .?:!'- the

powers, scope and duties of the Interstate Cor,-orce Commission to

lessen the burdens of the h:igh freight rates that are resting upon the

people and denying them their just returns for their toil and produce.

Neither have you voted for such a measure, if your speech at Funta Gor.

da is to be taken as information on this subject.

You ask if I contend thtt the money spend for any improvement of

this kind, meaning Rivers and THarbors or upon public buil,:in's does


- I._. L


















5.



not add to the prosperity of workmen, artisans and contractors, does

not find its way into all avenues of trade and does not lessen the

burdens of all as well as add to the prosperity of all. I have not

made any contention along this line and I take it that you are just

asking these questions to create avenues of escape from the pointed

questions, that %u propounded them, but as you seem anxious to have

my views on this subject, I will answer this question by asking you

if vou think that an appropriation such as procured for Biscayne Bay,

every foot of land from which the approach must be made to enter the

bay or to land from the bay is owned by one man and ,s. iinterests,

that you procured "-OC.0000 appropriation for by your -.nrnd7,ent-to the

apronrial tion bill, does not get the value of the appropriation and

its benefits, and the re 'ore his prosperity is equal to the total ap-

prop-riation, whereas the pron.-'erity of theo worlmean, artisans and con-

tractors is At limited ,at most to the opportunity of earingi the low

wages paid them for their skilled labor and to.il.

You ask if I contend that the $8.00 per month for the brave sol,

diers of the Seminole Indian war of 1856-58 is not a solace and comfort

to them in their old age and the lessening of their burdens. No, I have

never made any such contentions, which is well known to you and is

another evidence of your prolific accumulation of suppositions or

misrepresentations with the evident hope of prejudicing the voters by


I


















6.

such misrepresentations.

You have been in the Senate for nearly five years. ''r-.- do you

not say to the people of Florida and to the deserving soldiers of the

Seminole Indian War of 1856-58 what you have done in their behalf and

give the book and the page? It must be for the reason that you have

not introduced a bill or resolution or amendment of a, general charac-

ter in their favor, for you have not as the record bears testimony..

Your next page an d a~half is devoted to some ones vices relative

to the settlement of the mutual account between the State of Florida

and the United States, wherein --iu .- In exhibit a desire to show

that I did not render any valuable service in this behalf. You need

not spend any sleepless n.ig}:ts over this point for I have nrieve r r"ade

any such claim or th::,t I porFrmed more tin a pl.:.',in duty int the- rmn-

ices. You ought not n -t : a r ...i of --

curec. ".4-,100,000, "of.,100,000 of 'rich you claim to h--e secured .uner

the head of the Indian War claim collected, and. you utterly feal to

show to the contrary andl your effort to distort the fact is only in

keeping with your manifest effort to deceive the people in this behalf

You profess to know so much about what I did in the matter of the

settlement of the mutual account and the FloridaL Times Union, a news-

paper supposed to be published at Jacksonville, that seems favorable

to your aspirations, whose policy is supposed to be dict',tcd and con-

trolled by you, having discuss;7le this matter with so little r.:--rd for


I _









,a l-,, -








7.

truth and accuracy, suppose you advise the people of Florida of just

what you ':no': I did in the premises and let them be the judges, bear-

in mind that I disclaim any credit whatsoever in this behalf.

But to come down to the questions submitted to you, viz:

1st. If you have not during four years service in the United States

Serate introduced a bill, resolution or amendment on any subject of

embodying any principle enunciated in the Democratic platform upon whi ch

you were elected or the one adopted during your term as Senator,which

I contend you were commanded to do by the Democratic platform both State

and Na.tional. Why did you not rz.!:=; r the question, yes or no? I con-

clude ,nd tho record( bears me out in this conclusion, that you can not

~ns'/er it affirmatively and you therefore prefer to evade it to answer-

ine in: t tie-;g. :ive.

*i i., *ht I 22no2 i'.n.c oine ou na e been in the Senate
the ad il niratio as ben .,ubli can, that you ar not there for "bun-

combe" or to whistle :-::t the wind. Can you say "I do not pretend

to be bold enough to attempt leadership to the exclusion of Democratic

Sonators,wh::have grown gray in the service of party and country. I

have been content on the contrary and regarded it as being to the in-

terest of Florida as well, to listen to their wise counsel and to fol-

lo rhern than to pr..:: to lead. T: ,n the wonder is how you became


I I '


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8.

bold enough to offer for election to the Senate against ', Democratic

Senator who had gro'.n gray irn th service of nor and -country. You

were bold enough to procure a:n a-Tropriation for $25o,000 by a>n c.mend-

ment proposed by you to the RIiver and Harbors Bill,for Eis3cyne Bay,

v61 page You were bold enough to procure another .ppropria-

tion for Biscayne .ay of $250,000, ----- You were bold

enough to procure an appropriation of $20,000 for the Mia;ni Quaerantine

Station, vol. page-- You were bold enough to vote to seat

Senator Quay, a Republican Senator, Til_ but you were

not bold enough, it would seem, to procure an appropriation for r1,'ny

of the waterways, rivers or harbors or to ask for any west of the St.

Johns river, as ape rars from the Congressionr Record. Your: reasoninrr

about the record of the d o :.ion being one and in 1 e s the same

reasoning that I .p..loyed -.' :. :- catin
another.

In reference to your interest in the Naotional Dank ree:'rr to,

which you state would seem to have no proper place in this discussion,

if you will be fair enough to examine my reference to this matter, you

will find that I merely referred to It:!as a matter of fact. I am not

passing judgement; that is for the people to do. You ad6nit all the

facts alleged and you do not defend your lack of interestunder the de-

:-_.-as of the platform under which you were elected,to bring .about the


M- ON




















9.

enactment of a law to repeal the law that gives these special privi-

l-.:s and I repeat that if these special privileges were defensible,

if they were not un-Democratic, if the principle of them was not

directly opposed to the spirit of our institutions, then I would have

no word of criticism or objection to cour enjoying them in the fullest

ne~asure. I have not questioned the United States Stattte authority

authorizing the Secret :-. of the Treasury to designate buch depositories

and your reference is only -another evidence of your ability to evade

by quoting irrelevant Statutes. I said in effect that the National

bnk of which you were president has had the Government deposit, be-

ginnringr October, 189, with about $65,000 and increasing in recent years

to **'ds of "':00,000, wivtho;.t interest and upon which no taxes are

'id, nd. *l.s, I c dr J I riville o e{ .noyed by you, which the

.-' *: i .3 ... ... .,-.; ,',i /o 0:; o .ij o y.. Af-' a. sst.t omrent of

fact, is .l.C correct or incorrect Is it not subject to an answer, yes

or ]c?

Then in your voluminous evasion you seek to show in justification,

as I consider it, that there has never been a time in the history of

the tank, since it has been a depository that there has not been more

"idle" money than the total amount of the Government deposit.

Your reference to other votes, abolishing the tax on State banks,

&c.. failo to anser the question -propounded and has no bearl;'-: on the
_____ ----o--ear -----n-th


r I I I






























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I I I I I


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,iee,

10.

question, which you well knew or must have known when it was written.

You call attention to my reference to your having voted ag-.Ainst

an amendment to the T.Toney bill to strike out the word ".gold" and in-

sert the words "in coin of standard value" and proceed to explain t!-.at

this citation is erroneous, stating that you voted '" inst tabling the

amendment instead of voting against the amendrMent and Tht this vote

was equivalent to a vote for the amendment. In this you only just :f;y

your vote by saying that it was "equivalent" to a vote for the amend-

ment and I have no desire to be contentious about ?:.ny question that you

consider unfair and in this statement there was"no intention to do .cu

injustice and in the -l.:'_.- of yourself several g-":tleen of un-

questioned integrity and veracity so info:'-"-' me and I will ive TOu

their. names if you desire it". If there is any question aot the accu-

ra,cy of this reference I sh_ 7. d: i. .. t ne to c .' t.. i .t..

ihg the fact that you have ico. r:r ::. to .. 7 1

represent me by the statoi enet nade in your leter pbl :.,: t-

Banner, &E., which statement has no fnuni ,in in. t, lit eU are eor

tinuing to send out to the voters of the r;tate this erroneous aid urn-

founded statement that -nu s -' r) u do not int..,. as aJn injm.ji.co ,

me.

You .*.'oa] of votin, : tri btl y r:ith "-'u npo o vOr* a efi -u' t-i c r

issue and cite a few insta:,nce fIron the roconr! -of'-r'r 1t the 1ill

that is l4ed the ; my bill in thoe Co ": i cword as th
a,, o r 0 h


I L -









7'----. ^ ^ -, ( ,




1.. (J, / / iee,



11.
financial or gold standard bill. '7hy. do you add "or gold standard bill"?

Your reference tovote to strike out the words "Department of Labor
and" from -the bill to create a Departim.ri,-t of Commerce iz the veri." t

subterfuiig to mystify and cover up the merits and truth .'iith 1;. -,.*.

suitably arranged to serve your purpose. You -,..e.' of ;'?.'.t .1 ;,r Fr-

ganizations desire and refer to the letter of the Hor. .s -'r,.:" ,

President of the Ar:erican Federation of LrLor, to Fentor Frye, Pres-

ident pro ter of the Senate, and from your quotation it is rr':.!eC' pin

that there was a contest on between cormmierce enrd labor, iist as there

has been for years, and that you f'-vored the creation of a rp-:D;rment of

Commerce against the creation of a, Deartlment of Labor .ndl so voted,
notwithstanding the fact that the Democratic platform unon which you
c:were e71cted seeks to uplift the fodi.tIor n of the Americam VorkiTlnp;n
by 71o. the rrf: op ;, :k-; -c. r o" i or c "" "-


o0n : ent that your vo .e.-.. .

specially the interest of t~r -. :- .*.

You s-y that 7:/r" ,.,: : ... -
o -' .,nn ts. T i fi . .


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H. R. FULLER
Lk LEGISLATIVE REPRESENTATIVE
,THED RALEIGH"
# A ? Feb. 10th, 1904.

Hon. W. S. Jennings,

Governor,

Tallahassee, Fla.

Dear Sir:

I have received your letter of the 5th inst. asking my

views'regarding the position taken by Senator Taliaferro in relation

to the question of striking from the bill to create a Department of

Commerce and Industry the words Department of Labor.

The organizations which I represented did not oppose the

creation of this new department, but they did think the Department

of Labor should be left in its then independent position, and we

were opposed to having it made a subordinate bureau under the ne'v

O Department, and in a coLmmunication to the Senate which appears in

the debates on the bill I took this position. Therefore the Sena-

tor's vote to strike from the bill the words Department of Labor

was by us considered a friendly action on his part.

As to the questionn of the creation of a Depart-ent of Labpr

with a Secretary at its head to become a member of the Presideft's

Cabinet the organizations represented are in favor of this, and

hope that some day labor 'ill be given this recognition.

I mailed you yesterday a copy of the hearings before the

House Committee on this bill, if you will look at my testimony you

will find our position stated in detail.

Hoping this is satisfactory, I remain

Yours very truly, ^ //

Legislative R-presen active.


I I


OO >









p. -,

TOR-TALIAFEh-. -
LETTER


kes Statements With Authorities t
ask Them Thht Mr.-Taliaferro -2 ( / A
;'Will Find Hard to Answer '
Jamies P.- Talierro, Jackson- .
e la. r
i'Sir--M.' attention hils jurt hdei r n ,..' t
to thatportion of your or-pn let-
d.in ,the -Oca.la Baill i re. .
1903 and reprot -

uAse tjs ianguiyige ..



laen'' l l .agell a--! .."


d -':.its.: e uivatent: .. W tJi I.
a .-occa-'ions. when I .,v.e-
il'tre" people ..or any pojt on ,o
Ss-been repeated 'more 4tan
TUbtly in your presence andi'
g and not denied.
rop.en-letter above quoted you
Assert that youi .tdoielter-
('r. Congressional assopates I
oida, have procured appropria-
g'regating $4,100,000 ($1.000,-
ahich you-place uhder the head
*li nan War Claim collected"') and
i comment:
isimness.more than $3 per capl-
tery'"rian, Woman and-child in-
tot Florida; and the collecilon-
'^r Cia prOv.ded the,.









states in tlte'atteLneeit.o
"an r Claim, the only amount
ier the dlspositiop of the -furd
tje Jegislature of 1903, coiid
be.effect of "lowering taxes and -
.the burdens of all toe people,"
n of $430,833, which was,' by
e direction, upon my recom-
ftt&'l applied '-to the pargent- tf
'Ste's bonded debt; which re.Sulted
reducing the Interes .charges an-
ly paid on the debt.
.connection with the Indian War
etUlementr, while- giving-1h.e flul
et'y t g r man w i dho

-"b"ng It; I-have' vublt"F'
t Its. passage through
isiate.tas. no~,re~.











.TOR TALIAFEh- 4
LETTER


kes Statements With Authorities
"'Baek Them Thht Mr.-Taliaferro
Will Find Hard to Answer

:Jam is P. Taliaferro, Jackson-

a .Sir-My attention has'just bden
o that portion of.your o- en lIt-
i; t'he *Ocala BE.arqei'
7. -l903:na reprod:.









a:Uon. iti .-eiuivalefrit: What ~f
on all:oc ..caionv we..h .e
l he -ipeple .or anyy potiohn of
s-'. beeh reea.ted ior' .than
ThiIly in ymou presence and
g, and not denied.
;your openletter above quoted you
'S asert that you," togelter-
y ni"- Congressional assojartes
roida. have procured appropriate .
,agregating $4,100,000 ($1,000,-
hIch you.place under the head
itan War Claim collected") and
i conment-
sineans more than $~ per capl-
e:rri man, woman and-child-in
te.of Florida, and the collection
`V.: a. -f ...









Cx.a; ae s-1i the-sett]emefioi;4
z a War Claim, the only am uit
iider the disvosition of thb6 fl'd
:e legislature of i903, could
e. effect of "lowering taxes and
tg the burdens of all the people,"
n of $430,833, which was, by
ie'.'direction, upon my recom-
I'tl;applied to the pa~ne-t.-af
's bonded debt, Which resulted-
educlng the Interest charges an-
Daid'on the debt.
.connection with .the Indian War
settlement, while-givn .grthe-tult
edit eziry man who hqeped ,c,
sage o fte acb4 -
saifng itI havePitb ifcl e k;
St its passage through
..t Ee.s Seate~.was. no




c ji.,,-4i i n- V--. 7.. ----7
r,,c -. ; '*


:1 -


L Crt


K64'c(>t


* h

` ,,C t-s, (.
I


r



Ii.

I








2? ac'iP F1t'r-Tblrd]fty -1oirthi1
.... "... ,ong ire iBY t h i
Souse of. -Representa.tfv'e.M' i
--;the' showing made.by 'rc-
Congress, I assert that, iiter
tik..wte aecessary bill and UtaUtig
uaibut. Senator Pasco acomoiidpli-S
.the Senate -during each of five
oijis of Congress prior to your-term
.yOdu accomplished as a Senh-
.ra hi.t the basis of your accorm-
if;' as Mr. Pasco's work.
Ssby-you without tlie clbange of"
i. a munts-and that lf'1tiis
or lht-:erititles i inan












^.;: and further succeeded in col

$, for the state an addiftdnal-sunv
: S which had been oitted-




.e account was first stated in
;,:.was not referred to in the act
uess of M ori aut orizig
and further succeeded in col-
ifor the state an addifidnal sum-
F ,248, which had been omitted
nt-iE e- account was .first stayed t!it
d.was not referred to in the act
5 s of Ilasy, 1902, authorizing
r inet, arid which was notI- -
i &A the settlement as first made,
beoanding and securing a reopening i
i.St'ted d cant- and-a 'reinstate- I
e'eredf, so-as to ineltitie the said

u ifhdeesi suisw .included inthe
a in t o- 1;-:-92,946, whieh










ai:"rounds, for -lgthi
si t1agpl stations, etc.,, asid for
ns ito Seminole war veterans and
..'widows, is available, or could In
.way be made available for lower-
,taxe's and'lessening the burdens of
he4'people.
hert that the state administration,
nrettir how wiselyy and honestly
i lstered," gq silggested by you, has
authority or.'control over any of
inbmounts s appropriated, so as
,tble it to apply a single dollar
.eof towards. "lowering taxes andii
.Png.the burdens.of.all the people:.,;
StQ.he. information thus furnish-.
ikmay, realize' that instetad.,of
S o'. more than t-- et ca .pit
$sflian0-ir ornoand.i4 iiiinb




3









gfffcratic party 'a- e t-
.etrated iin.. its part, -
te earliest dawy to .the
ioh'tnded- tha.L these
igta'sotld h. prohibited
body by'I.he ena-ttMent
edne d'ongress of the'United
Htlie legislatir6 of this
i 1a.ting" in it .redpertiI'e
i;,b'av publicly. charged
iot" durhg yotir Con-
itl tnt teid to secure

.. .......... t.. ..












iae':.,' ] tcaled tfo ~ te 'htten
e.-.t'efi -people whom I haVed
t.addres the facts that as
on u oted- against an armenl-
felfnioney bill to strike the
'd 'and inset. the words "in
idard value" in interest pay-
i'gressional Record- vol. 33,1
a direct and flagrant viola-
*e'Patfornt That the national
f both 1896 and and 1900
e platform of 1900 denounc-
isan- by national banks of
t d' ti:,xicilate as money
a de nothing wbt-










a le le e y ou, whed th
et department bflabor and
e.. vif..: under consideratloni
ir..fo-an'amendment to strike from
itle'.the words "labor and" (Con-
ilna. Record, vol..35, page 1051),
Idlsregarding the platform and es-
il .ythe interests of the laboring
Iof Florida and the nation.
rkonnectlon- with these matters
all .other matters bearing upor
qfiEicial record and my own, I re-
fily Invite and urge and chal-
'Syu to meet me in Joint public,
rssion before the people of Flor-t
at any .times and places to.',b6'.
d 'uipotr And I beg to request,
that this will recelve.,ju.
A: tion.. .
Sery..respectfillly f




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