Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Francis Philip Fatio
Title: [Photocopy of book containing information re: Francis Philip Fatio]
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 Material Information
Title: Photocopy of book containing information re: Francis Philip Fatio
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Francis Philip Fatio
Physical Description: Clipping/photocopy
Language: English
Creator: Jennings, Frank E.
Physical Location:
Box: 7
Divider: Block 34
Folder: Francis Philip Fatio
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
20 Aviles Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Ximenez-Fatio House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 20 Aviles Street
Coordinates: 29.891099 x -81.311673
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094854
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: B34-L2

Full Text


Chairm .------.........................------.................---...........----............--... PROF. A. J. HANNA

1. -"Gd Save the King". ................................. ROLLINS COLLEGE CHOIR

2. SCate to the Flag, conducted by ........................ MRS. W. A. BISBEE

3. Address "The Swiss Background of
:ae Fatio Family" .-.......................................... MR. MAURICE FATIO

4. A-dress "Francis Philip Fatio" ........................ MR. W. L. BARNETT

5. Afdress "Lina L'Engle Barnett" ............ MRS. FRANK E. JENNINGS

6. P--sentation of the Memorial ...................... MRS. WM. S. MANNING,
President Florida Society, Colonial Dames

7. Unveiling of the Memorial ............ ................ NADIA BARNETT
Assisted by other descendants of Francis Philip Fatio

8. ir production of the artist, Leno Lazarri

9. Acceptance of the Memorial .................. PRESIDENT HAMILTON HOLT

10. Payer .................................................. DEAN CHARLES A. CAMPBELL

11. '-The Star Spangled Banner" .................... ROLLINS COLLEGE CHOIR

3:30 p. m. Reception in the Chapel Gardens

4:00 p. m. Knowles Memorial Chapel. Vespers

NOTE: An undergraduate dramatic production, "The Goose Hangs
High," will be presented at the Annie Russell Theatre at 8:15 p. m.

Mrs. Lina L'Engle Barnett was born at an army post in Texas, her
father, William Johnson L'Engle, being a surgeon in the United States
Army, stationed, at the time (1859) at this frontier post.
Though born in Texas, Mrs. Barnett's ancestry was entirely Floridian,
and her life from infancy was spent in Jacksonville.
She was educated in Virginia, and in 1885, was married to Bion Hall
Barnett, at the St. Johns Episcopal Church of Jacksonville.
Four children were born of this union, Madeliene (Mrs. Charles W.
Camp), Bion Hall Barnett Jr., and William L'Engle Barnett, twin sons, and
Donald M. Barnett, all of whom are living.
A reader, a thinker, a lover of mankind, Mrs. Barnett had many interests
cultural, civie and philanthropic.
Her interest in the welfare of young women found expression in her
service to the Y. W. C. A., the Traveler's Aid, the Woman's Life Saving
Corps and the Woman's Club of Jacksonville.
Her patriotic efforts were loaned to the D. A. R.s and Colonial Dames,
being a useful and active member of both these great organizations, and
her interest in the conservation of the forests of Florida infused every
organization of which she was a member. Her latter years were devoted
almost exclusively to accumulating information on this important subject,
and to passing it on, whenever possible, to organizations and individuals.
She was interested in the trees of Florida not only because of their
beauty, and their value to the landscape, but because of their great eco-
nomic value to the State, as a protection to the soil, and as the source of
lumber and naval stores-distinct financial assets. Her study of this sub-
ject was thorough and scientific, and her retentive and accurate memory
could furnish at short notice a wealth of information upon this important
subject, always with a warning as to forest fires and as to the cutting of
trees for lumber without replanting. The spirit of her great-great grand
father, Francis Philip Fatio, who is being honored as the Father of Con-
servation in Florida, lived again in her, in her love of trees and her con-
sciousness of their value.
Mrs. Barnett was beautiful in person, and always dignified and gracious
in manner. An English nobleman visiting Jacksonville on one occasion
said she "Looked as a Duchess ought to look".
She was large in thought, in word, in deed, and her death in September
1934, left a void throughout the State which it is impossible to fill.
The Colonial Dames of Florida, with the gracious cooperation of Rollins
College, as a tribute to the fine work in History which this superb Institu-
tion of Higher Culture is offering, and in recognition of its semicentennial,
are erecting this memorial to Francis Philip Fatio and his equally dis-
tinguished great-great grand daughter, because of his pioneer work for
conservation, and her unremitting endeavor to further the cause.

Francis Philip Fatio was born in the family mansion (the home of his
father, John David Fatio, a gentleman of fortune and culture), in Switzer-
land, near Vevey, in the Pays de Vaud, on Lake Geneva, August 6th, 1724.
His mother's name was Pauline Muller, styled the Lady Pauline in the
passport of her son's papers when he left Switzerland.
He received his education at the University of Geneva, and took a course
in law, but conceived a distaste for its practice, and adopted the profession
of arms, which he liked.
He entered the army as a Lieutenant in the Swiss Guards, then in the
service of France, and continued in military life for many years.
While serving in Italy in 1748, he met Marie Madeleine Crispel, of Nice,
Sandinia, then a part of Italy, and they were married on the 25th of
March, 1748, in Nice.
After his retirement from military service, Francis Philip Fatio made
his home in his wife's native land, the little Kingdom of Sandinia. There

he pure !,a:; !. an . 1754, which he adorned and leaictinied .vrih
garden:: aim ha ini..: buildings There were olive trees, vineyards, fruit
trees, and a wealth of blooming plants. )
He remained but two years in his Italian home. His brother, Michael,
persuaded him to -return to Switzerland, where he himself lived. From
Switzerland, he followed his brother Michael to England, where he linger-
ed until the glowing accounts of the then British Province of Florida so
captivated his imagination, that he associated himself with several others,
obtained large tracts of land in Florida, and agreed to undertake the
active management of the Association's affairs, in the land across the seas.
He accordingly once more broke up his home, and became a pioneer in
a new country, which had been pictured to him as an earthly paradise.
In 1771, he chartered a vessel, and sailed with his family to St. Augus-
tine, Florida, carrying with him a ship load of handsome furniture, china,
glass, silver, paintings, mirrors, books, household linens, and all other
things that could promote comfort, and form a home of refinement and
There was sufficient to furnish both his town and country house.
He bought a large stone house on the Bay in St. Augustine, where he
established his family, when, with his eldest son, he proceeded to the St.
Johns River, and settled three plantations, built houses for himself and
his numerous operatives and employees, and commenced the cultivation of
indigo, the extraction of turpentine, the planting of orange groves and the
raising of sheep. He kept a vessel constantly plying between the New
World and the Old, carrying the products of the one and bringing back
the comforts and luxuries from the other.
The Revolutionary War coming on, he suspended attempts to carry on
these operations, and offered his services to the English Military Com-
mander, and was sent to Charleston, S. C. to fill a Staff appointment. His
eldest son remained in Florida in charge of the property.
At the close of the Revolution, his brothers and friends in Europe
urged him to return to Switzerland, but the time for wandering, with him,
was over. He had taken root in Florida, and his determination to remain
here was inshaken. He was a man of vision and business acumen, and
he was convinced that Florida had a future, if its natural resources were
properly developed and conserved.
Francis Philip Fatio, named his various properties in Florida for the
:,omes of his youth, Nice, Neufchatel (now New Castle) and New Swit-
New Switzerland, a plantation of 10,000 acres, was the country resi-
dence of the family, where they resided when not in St. Augustine.
Material was brought from England for the construction of the large
-ountry house, which was called by the Spaniards, later on, "El Palacio"
or "La Castilla" (because it had turrets).
It was burned in 1812 by a marauding band of Indians, after the death of
the builder, who died in 1811.
Other plantations were at Fernandina, 10,000 acres in what is now
Nassau County, and at Spring Garden, on the St. Johns River, called Ber-
xesford, for Lord Berresford of England.
Francis Philip Fatio died August 11th, 1811, in full possession of his
;acdilties. "He was a venerable, benignant looking old gentleman, and leaned
on his gold-headed cane or staff, nearly as long as he was high, to steady
his feeble steps, as he walked the piazza for exercise." He was a Protest-
ant and was buried at New Switzerland. The name of this plantation,
a few miles South of Jacksonville, on the St. Johns River, endures though
now known as Switzerland, and it has long since passed into other than
family possession.
"Mr. Fatio was over six feet in height, well proportioned, finely cut
features, a bright countenance and mild blue eyes."
FIe was cultivated--a scholar, and master of several languages. French
was probably the ktngpage most used in his family, but he and his wife
generally r.onversed in -talian.
ife was equally familiar with Spanish, German and English and wrote
in 'ich of these languages.
'[is wife, Marie Madeleine Crispel, who had followed him in all his
wai'derin:. *'ad ii (810, and was buried at New Switzerland, where many
onh,'rs of W;. m-:N connection sleep.


Presentation of Coquina Garden Seat with Bronze Pla-.,.

in memory of

Father of Conservation in Florida

and his equally distinguished great-great-granddaughter


Rollins College

14 December 1935


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