Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Wakeman/Heritage House, Block 28 Lot 1, Archaeology
Title: [Letter to Robert H. Steinbach]
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094838/00005
 Material Information
Title: Letter to Robert H. Steinbach
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Wakeman/Heritage House, Block 28 Lot 1, Archaeology
Physical Description: Correspondence
Language: English
Creator: Dailey, R.C.
Morse, Dan
Publication Date: 1972
Physical Location:
Box: 7
Divider: Block 28 Lot 1 (Heritage House)
Folder: Wakeman/Heritage House, B28 L1, Archaeology
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
1 Aviles Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Heritage House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Wakeman House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 1 Aviles Street
Coordinates: 29.892097 x -81.311584
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094838
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: B28-L1

Full Text




/ '', \ THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY TALLAHASSEE 32303





Department of Anthropology



November 1, 1972




Mr. Robert H. Steinbach
Director of Research
Historic St. Augustine
Preservation Board
P.O. Box 1987
St. Augustine, Florida 32084

Dear Mr. Steinbach:

Enclosed please find reports on 1) B28L1, and 2) B4l.

Sorry the delay, but cleaning, repairing and typing took
longer than we had anticipated.

If you wish to use these reports in a publication, please
do so (we can furnish photographs). We would appreciate
it if you have any corrections.

Thank you for letting us examine this material and hope
you will have more for us in the f-u .-e. Some of the
materials have already served as exciL:_-c teaching aids.


Very truly yours,,


R.C. Dailey
Assoc. Prof. .... Chairman



Dan Morse, M.D.
Research Assoc.


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A PRELIMINARY REPORT OF SKELETAL REMAINS FOUND

AT SITE B28L1 IN ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA


The fifteen skeletons described in this report were excavated in

St. Augustine, Florida by Dr. Hale Smith in the year 1971. All of the

skeletons were incomplete and only one partial cranium was found. These

skeletal remains were found while putting in footings for new construction

on Chevollett and King Streets in St. Augustine. They were found in a

corner of a building. Whether the bones were of Spanish, French, or Indian

origin is not known.

The area B28L1 was open ground prior to 1830 but since that time, a

building has covered the site. The bodies were therefore buried before

1830. There is a record of two Spanish hospitals, one of which has burned

down, which stood about 200-300 feet from area B28L1. It is possible that

these burials were patients of the hospitals and that this area was used

as a cemetery. The orientation of the burials suggest that they were

placed in haste. This may indicate that the deceased died in an epidemic.

This material consists of portions of 15 skeletons. All but h were

in plastic bags labeled "Burial No.1", and so forth. Four of these skeletons

were in cardboard boxes only partially excavated. There was only 1 partial

skull present but it could not be reconstructed because it was so badly

damaged. Because of the absence of skulls, an estimation of race was

not possible.











B28L1 PATHOLOGY AND DESCRIPTION


Burial #1

Many bone fragments were found in this burial. Eight teeth of an adult

male were found. His stature is unknown. The bones were in bad con-

dition due to postmortum changes. One fibula shows much erosion which

is probably postmortum.


Burial #2

This burial is an adult male with a mean stature of 169.93 cm. (femur).

The bones were fragmentary except for both femora, both ulna, and one

radius. The skull is represented by portions of the two lower jaws.

The vertebra are fragmentary and show mild lipping. The right ulna

shows a bony growth over the anterior and mesial surface of the shaft.

The radius shows no definite pathology. The widespread and sharply

demarcated appearance of the lesion suggests tumor rather than infection.

No other abnormalities were seen except for postmortum changes.


Burial #3

This burial is an adult of undetermined sex and stature, represented

only by a portion of the skull, mostly of the right side of the face.


Burial /#

This burial is of an adult individual, probably male, of undetermined

stature. Only the lower jaw and femur were present.









B28L1 PATHOLOGY (cont'd)


Burial #8

This burial was an adult male individual with a mean stature of 172.60 cm.

No abnormalities were found in the bones present.


Burial #9

This individual was an adult male, possibly 45-50 years of age. He is

of undetermined stature. Fragmentary long bones were found with almost

intact tibia and fibula. There is a sclerotic bulging in the upper 1/3rd

of the shaft of the right tibia posteriorly with some exostosis at the

center portion of the bulge. In addition, there is a compensatory

swelling of the anterior surface of the middle third of the tibia and it

projects down into the lower 1/3rd. The fibula has a similar lesion in

the uppermost part of the shaft. Comparing the right and left tibia, the

upper 2/3rds of the shaft show about a 50% increase in size. The length

of both tibia are the same. The most likely diagnosis is healed fracture

of the upper portion of the right tibia and fibula with considerable

remodeling and no residual disability.


Burial #10

This burial is of an adult individual, probably a male. His mean

stature is 170.74 cm. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.


Burial #11

This burial is of an adult individual, probably a female, of undeter-

mined stature. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.








B28L1 PATHOLOGY (cont'd)


Burial #12

This burial is an adult individual, probably a male, of undetermined

stature. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.


Burial #16

This individual is a sub-adult, probably a male. His stature is undeter-

mined. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.


Burial #17

This individual is an adult of undetermined sex and stature. No ab-

normalities were found in the bones present.


Burial #18

This individual is an adult male, probably some 40 years old. His mean

stature is 181.53 cm. (femur). The burial is represented by a nearly

complete post cranial skeleton. No skull fragments are present. Many

of the long bones contain numerous tiny black dots which appear to be

external to the surface of the bone, and may be postmortum fungi. The

sacrum has a spina bifida involving its first segment. The vertebrae

show no definite abnormalities and show no lipping. The following bones

are involved in a similar process:

Both ends of the left clavicle appear normal (the right clavicle is

missing) but there is a generalized swelling of the entire shaft. The

outer surface of the swelling is smooth.

The right tibia has a generalized swelling of the middle 2/3 of

the shaft with a smooth surface. The swelling is mostly anterior.

The right fibula has a similar lesion, but much less pronounced,

involving the lower 1/2 of the shaft and located mostly posteriorly.








B28L1 PATHOLOGY

Burial #18 (cont'd)

The left tibia is similarly involved (see right tibia).

The left fibula shows a pronounced increase in size caused by the

same type of lesion involving the lower 2/3rds of the shaft. The

swelling would indicate about a 50% increase in the size of the shaft.

The shafts of the left radius and ulna are similarly involved with the

same type of swelling.

The right radius and ulna appear to be normal.

The femora, rib fragments, and bones of the hands and feet also

appear to be normal.

The diagnosis suggests a generalized disease or abnormality involving

many bones with apparent normal bone structure in non-affected bones.

X-rays and microscopic sections are needed before any acceptable impres-

sion can be made. One possibility is an osteoplastic malignant tumor.

Mmetastatic carcinoma cf the prostrate could give this appearance.


Burial #19

This individual is an adult male of undetermined stature. No abnormalities

were found in the bones present.


Burial #22

This is an adult individual, probably a male, with a stature of 29.8 cm.

(ulna). No abnormalities were found in the bones present.


Burial #28

This is an adult individual of undetermined sex and stature. No ab-

normalities were found in the bones present.















COMMENTS AND CONCLUSIONS


With the possible exception of Burial No. 18, a cause of death could

not be determined. Generally, the bones appear to be of normal density.

If these individuals were casualties of a hospital, then they did not have

a disease which caused their death which would produce any tell-tale changes

in the bones.






Dr. Robert C. Dailey
Chairman, Department of Anthropology

Dr. Dan Morse
Research Associate, Department of Anthropology




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