/ '', \ THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY TALLAHASSEE 32303
Department of Anthropology
November 1, 1972
Mr. Robert H. Steinbach
Director of Research
Historic St. Augustine
P.O. Box 1987
St. Augustine, Florida 32084
Dear Mr. Steinbach:
Enclosed please find reports on 1) B28L1, and 2) B4l.
Sorry the delay, but cleaning, repairing and typing took
longer than we had anticipated.
If you wish to use these reports in a publication, please
do so (we can furnish photographs). We would appreciate
it if you have any corrections.
Thank you for letting us examine this material and hope
you will have more for us in the f-u .-e. Some of the
materials have already served as exciL:_-c teaching aids.
Very truly yours,,
Assoc. Prof. .... Chairman
Dan Morse, M.D.
* ^-nc: Dept<
A PRELIMINARY REPORT OF SKELETAL REMAINS FOUND
AT SITE B28L1 IN ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
The fifteen skeletons described in this report were excavated in
St. Augustine, Florida by Dr. Hale Smith in the year 1971. All of the
skeletons were incomplete and only one partial cranium was found. These
skeletal remains were found while putting in footings for new construction
on Chevollett and King Streets in St. Augustine. They were found in a
corner of a building. Whether the bones were of Spanish, French, or Indian
origin is not known.
The area B28L1 was open ground prior to 1830 but since that time, a
building has covered the site. The bodies were therefore buried before
1830. There is a record of two Spanish hospitals, one of which has burned
down, which stood about 200-300 feet from area B28L1. It is possible that
these burials were patients of the hospitals and that this area was used
as a cemetery. The orientation of the burials suggest that they were
placed in haste. This may indicate that the deceased died in an epidemic.
This material consists of portions of 15 skeletons. All but h were
in plastic bags labeled "Burial No.1", and so forth. Four of these skeletons
were in cardboard boxes only partially excavated. There was only 1 partial
skull present but it could not be reconstructed because it was so badly
damaged. Because of the absence of skulls, an estimation of race was
B28L1 PATHOLOGY AND DESCRIPTION
Many bone fragments were found in this burial. Eight teeth of an adult
male were found. His stature is unknown. The bones were in bad con-
dition due to postmortum changes. One fibula shows much erosion which
is probably postmortum.
This burial is an adult male with a mean stature of 169.93 cm. (femur).
The bones were fragmentary except for both femora, both ulna, and one
radius. The skull is represented by portions of the two lower jaws.
The vertebra are fragmentary and show mild lipping. The right ulna
shows a bony growth over the anterior and mesial surface of the shaft.
The radius shows no definite pathology. The widespread and sharply
demarcated appearance of the lesion suggests tumor rather than infection.
No other abnormalities were seen except for postmortum changes.
This burial is an adult of undetermined sex and stature, represented
only by a portion of the skull, mostly of the right side of the face.
This burial is of an adult individual, probably male, of undetermined
stature. Only the lower jaw and femur were present.
B28L1 PATHOLOGY (cont'd)
This burial was an adult male individual with a mean stature of 172.60 cm.
No abnormalities were found in the bones present.
This individual was an adult male, possibly 45-50 years of age. He is
of undetermined stature. Fragmentary long bones were found with almost
intact tibia and fibula. There is a sclerotic bulging in the upper 1/3rd
of the shaft of the right tibia posteriorly with some exostosis at the
center portion of the bulge. In addition, there is a compensatory
swelling of the anterior surface of the middle third of the tibia and it
projects down into the lower 1/3rd. The fibula has a similar lesion in
the uppermost part of the shaft. Comparing the right and left tibia, the
upper 2/3rds of the shaft show about a 50% increase in size. The length
of both tibia are the same. The most likely diagnosis is healed fracture
of the upper portion of the right tibia and fibula with considerable
remodeling and no residual disability.
This burial is of an adult individual, probably a male. His mean
stature is 170.74 cm. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.
This burial is of an adult individual, probably a female, of undeter-
mined stature. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.
B28L1 PATHOLOGY (cont'd)
This burial is an adult individual, probably a male, of undetermined
stature. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.
This individual is a sub-adult, probably a male. His stature is undeter-
mined. No abnormalities were found in the bones present.
This individual is an adult of undetermined sex and stature. No ab-
normalities were found in the bones present.
This individual is an adult male, probably some 40 years old. His mean
stature is 181.53 cm. (femur). The burial is represented by a nearly
complete post cranial skeleton. No skull fragments are present. Many
of the long bones contain numerous tiny black dots which appear to be
external to the surface of the bone, and may be postmortum fungi. The
sacrum has a spina bifida involving its first segment. The vertebrae
show no definite abnormalities and show no lipping. The following bones
are involved in a similar process:
Both ends of the left clavicle appear normal (the right clavicle is
missing) but there is a generalized swelling of the entire shaft. The
outer surface of the swelling is smooth.
The right tibia has a generalized swelling of the middle 2/3 of
the shaft with a smooth surface. The swelling is mostly anterior.
The right fibula has a similar lesion, but much less pronounced,
involving the lower 1/2 of the shaft and located mostly posteriorly.
Burial #18 (cont'd)
The left tibia is similarly involved (see right tibia).
The left fibula shows a pronounced increase in size caused by the
same type of lesion involving the lower 2/3rds of the shaft. The
swelling would indicate about a 50% increase in the size of the shaft.
The shafts of the left radius and ulna are similarly involved with the
same type of swelling.
The right radius and ulna appear to be normal.
The femora, rib fragments, and bones of the hands and feet also
appear to be normal.
The diagnosis suggests a generalized disease or abnormality involving
many bones with apparent normal bone structure in non-affected bones.
X-rays and microscopic sections are needed before any acceptable impres-
sion can be made. One possibility is an osteoplastic malignant tumor.
Mmetastatic carcinoma cf the prostrate could give this appearance.
This individual is an adult male of undetermined stature. No abnormalities
were found in the bones present.
This is an adult individual, probably a male, with a stature of 29.8 cm.
(ulna). No abnormalities were found in the bones present.
This is an adult individual of undetermined sex and stature. No ab-
normalities were found in the bones present.
COMMENTS AND CONCLUSIONS
With the possible exception of Burial No. 18, a cause of death could
not be determined. Generally, the bones appear to be of normal density.
If these individuals were casualties of a hospital, then they did not have
a disease which caused their death which would produce any tell-tale changes
in the bones.
Dr. Robert C. Dailey
Chairman, Department of Anthropology
Dr. Dan Morse
Research Associate, Department of Anthropology