Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: Morales Block 22, Lot 4 - 5 (Puello House, 53 Marine St.)
Title: The Cross in the Sand
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094821/00004
 Material Information
Title: The Cross in the Sand Church and State
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: Morales Block 22, Lot 4 - 5 (Puello House, 53 Marine St.)
Physical Description: Clipping/photocopy
Language: English
Physical Location:
Box: 7
Divider: Block 22 Lots 4-5
Folder: Morales B22 / L4 & 5 (Puello House, 53 Marine St.)
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
53 Marine Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Puello House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 53 Marine Street
Coordinates: 29.889552 x -81.309732
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094821
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: B22-L4
B22-L5

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CHURCH AND STATE
to native sons, residents of the city until their early teens. Anthony
Dominic Pellicer (1824-1880) and Dominic Manucy (1823-1885)
were first cousins. Their grandfather, Francisco Pellicer, had led
the Minorcans from New Smyrna to St. Augustine in 1777. By a
strange series of coincidences, their careers were linked together
throughout most of their lives. In 1837, at the urging of their pas-
tor, Father Rampon, the two youths entered Spring Hill College.
They were ordained together to the priesthood for the Diocese
of Mobile on August 15, 1850, by Bishop Portier, and twenty-
four years later, on December 8, 1874, the two St. Augustine na-
tives were consecrated bishops together at Mobile by Archbishop
Napoleon Joseph Perche, of New Orleans. Both were first ap-
pointed to Texas, Bishop Pellicer to the Diocese of San Antonio,
Bishop Manucy to the Vicariate of Brownsville; Manucy was ele-
vated afterwards (1884) to the Diocese of Mobile. Their deaths
came five years apart.
The third distinguished name associated with St. Augustine be-
longed to a Cuban priest, F6lix Francisco Jose Maria de la Concep-
j ci6n Varela y Morales. Father Varela was born in Havana in 1788. /7
Sq qy.-When six years old, he was taken to St. Augustine by his father, a
captain in the Cuban regiment stationed there. Later, he was given
to the care of his maternal grandfather, Don Bartolome de Morales, / 7
c/6 who commanded the troops of the St. Augustine garrison. He was
/ taken back to Havana at fourteen to complete his education, and / 6O 2
in 1811 was ordained to te priesood. Subsequently he was ap-
pointed professor of philosophy, law, and science at the episcopal
college of San Carlos, where his lectures attracted a wide following.
In 1821 Varela was elected one of three Cuban representatives to
the Spanish Cortes, or parliament. His advocacy of Cuban rights in
that body angered Spanish King Ferdinand VII. In 1823 French
armies aided Ferdinand in overthrowing the Cortes, and Varela and
the other members of the assembly were driven into exile. The priest
arrived in New York on December 17, 1823, and not long after-
wards was named pastor of the Church of the Transfiguration and
vicar-general of the Diocese of New York. His writings and other
scholarly attainments quickly established him here as a national
Catholic figure. During the course of the next thirty years, Father
157




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