The National Register of Historic Places records the
story of a nation. It is a roll call of the tangible reminders
of the history of the United States. It is a list of distinction
identifying for the people those properties worthy of
preservation for their historic value.
Congress called for such a list in the Historic Sites Act
of 1935 and the Historic Preservation Act of 1966. The
1966 act said:
The Secretary of the Interior is authorized to expand
and maintain a national register of districts, sites,
buildings, structures and objects significant in American
history, architecture, archeology and culture, hereinafter
referred to as the National Register . .
The National Register is the official schedule of the
nation's cultural property that is worth saving. According
to further provisions of the act, it is a protective inven-
tory of irreplaceable resources across the face of the land.
In building the future it is the guide to a richer environ-
ment with visible continuity with the past.
The National Register is published periodically with
pertinent information about each property. The first edi-
tion, prepared by the National Park Service, contained
over a thousand entries. The list continues to grow.
Between the lines of this book, the discerning reader may
sense the heartbeat of the United States.
The Historic Sites Act of 1935 placed the National
Park Service squarely in the field of historic preservation.
This act gave extensive responsibilities to the Secretary
of the Interior through the National Park Service to
effectuate a national policy of historic preservation. The
Historic Preservation Act of 1966 expanded the Depart-
ment's responsibilities, authorizing a program for the
preservation of additional historic properties through the
Nation. An expanded National Register was authorized as
a major instrument in this program.
All historical areas in the National Park System, together
with those properties eligible for designation as National
Historic Landmarks, are of national significance and thus
qualify automatically for the National Register. Properties
of State or local significance may be nominated by the
States and will be placed in the Register on approval of
the National Park Service.
Nominations are made by a State Liaison Officer ap-
pointed by the Governor to supervise the program within
the State. A professional staff conducts a statewide historic
survey and reports its findings to a professional review
conuniiticc. If the property meets National Register criteria,
ilth ctonniiilnee recommends it for nomiunaion.
Addiltions to die Nnlional egisler are printed periodi-
s lIv in ilth' F'66,1'41l elteT'r, A pniltlified vvlf in vonw
laiigiilt more ditlinls is availhibl bhinnially from thei
Stiierinaendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Ollice, Washington, D.C. 20402. (Write to that office for
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION
The following criteria are designed to guide the States and
the Secretary of the Interior in evaluating potential entries
(other than areas of the National Park System and
National Historic Landmarks) to the National Register:
The quality of significance in American history, archi-
tecture, archeology, and culture is present in districts, sites,
buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of
location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling,
and association, and:
(A) that are-associated with events that have made a
significant contribution to the broad patterns of our
(B) that are associated with the lives of persons
significant in our past; or
(C) that embody the distinctive characteristics of a
type, period, or method of construction, or that repre-
sent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic
values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable
entity whose components may lack individual distinc-
(D) that have yielded, or may be likely to yield, infor-
mation important in prehistory or history.
Ordinarily cemeteries, birthplaces, or graves of historical
figures, properties owned by religious institutions or used
for religious purposes, structures that have been moved
from their original locations, reconstructed historic build-
ings, properties primarily commemorative in nature, and
properties that have achieved significance within the past
50 years shall not be considered eligible for the National
Register. However, such properties will qualify if they
are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria
or if they fall within the following categories:
(A) a religious property deriving primary significance
from architectural or artistic distinction or historical im-
(B) a building or structure removed from its original
location but which is significant primarily for archi-
tectural value, or which is the surviving structure most
importantly associated with a historic person or event, or
(C) a birthplace or grave of a historical figure of out-
standing importance if there is no appropriate site or
building directly associated with his productive life; or
(D) a cemetery which derives its primary significance
from graves of persons of transcendent importance,
from age, from distinctive design features, or from as-
sociation with historic events; or
.(,E) a reconstructed building when accurately executed
in a suitable environment and presented in a dignified
manner as part of a restoration master plan, and when
no other building or siructuro wilh tlie Niame association
lias survived; or
(It) a pipriiy pl ril lly oirmm ornillvt iln lintlnl it'
design, age, Iradilioni, or symbolic valuo has invstedil
it with its own historical significance; or
(G) a property achieving significance within the past
50 years if it is of exceptional importance.
THE ADVISORY COUNCIL ON
In the Historic Preservation Act of 1966, Congress estab-
lished an Advisory Council on Historic Preservation to
advise Congress and the President in this field. The Council
consists of the Secretaries of the Interior, Housing and
Urban Development, Commerce, anti Treasury; the At-
lorney General; the Administrator of the General Services
Administration; the Chairman of the National Trust for
Historic Preservation; and 10 citizens appointed by the
The Council meets four times a year. In addition to its
advisory duties to the President and the Congress, it
coordinates the historic preservation activities of Federal
departments and agencies. To safeguard National Register
properties in some measure from Federal highways, dams,
and other projects, Congress gave the Advisory Council an
unusual power of review. In Section 106, the act provides:
The head of any Federal agency having direct or in-
direct jurisdiction over a proposed Federal or federally
assisted undertaking in any State and the head of any
Federal department or independent agency having
authority to license any undertaking shall, prior to the
approval of the expenditure of any Federal funds on
the undertaking or prior to the issuance of any license,
as the case may be, take into account the effect of the
undertaking on any district, site, building, structure, or
object that is included in the National Register. The
head of any such Federal agency shall afford the Ad-
visory Council on Historic Preservation . . a rea-
sonable opportunity to comment with regard to such
Although this section provides no injunctive power to
halt Federal undertakings that threaten historic properties,
it does assure that historical values will be considered in
Federal project planning. When conflicts with historical
values cannot be avoided, the Advisory Council provides
a high-level forum for assessing the public interest and
recommending courses of action.
In evaluating effectt" within the meaning of Section
106, the Advisory Council is guided by the following
A federally financed or licensed undertaking shall be
considered to have an effect on a National Register listing
(districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects, including
their settings) when any condition of the undertaking
creates a change in the quality of the historical, architec-
tural, archeological, or cultural character that qualified the
property under the National Register criteria for listing
in the National Register. Generally, adverse effect occurs
inll olidiitios whi inlhideo. but ti.re not linitCed to:
I. I )11Allllt iollni o tiilt'titolin of aill or oit' a |ipieo IVty.
l,, I h m Siiin fli i l, i on oll tiftit li 0l t s wi t llf nlitiiB pii
villiit Alllli .
3. Introduction of visual, audible, or atl.mospheric Wle-
mnients that are out of character with the property aind
GRANTS FeOR IlISTORIC PRESERVATION
The National Historic Preservation Act authorizes Federal
grants-in-aid to the States and to the National Trust for
Historic Preservation on a matching basis. The grants
may be used for statewide surveys, the preparation of
statewide historic preservation plans, and the acquisition
and restoration of individual properties. Grants for in-
dividual preservation projects may be made through the
States to other eligible public or private recipients.
To qualify for aid, properties must he listed in the
National Register, he consistent with a statewide historic
preservation plan approved by the Secretary of the In-
terior, and need fllinancial assilNlince or le owned by ithe
Nationiil Truist for Ilislortc P1reervatillon.
The Slate I .iniion ()lllcr diirecls his StiIte's grrnt in n.ild
proirin, Its hitioriical niirveys, and i1h pcesoilrvil ion plii1n-
niing. Questions about nny fealitre of a Stliilt's historic
preservation proigrlll'm should be 1ddrhlsseid I ll 1i olllhCini,
A list of Liaison Ollcers Is provided olstwhtio in thili
HISTroRIC AMi'KIC(AN IuinI INa(S iuavit'y. This progiran for
recording important examples of Ameiciicn irchitlctluor
is conducted in cooperalion with the Aimerican Intlitute
of Archiltcs aind Ilthe ibrary of Congrems. 'lhe recorlt .
pholograiphlis, iciisured drawings, wrillttn dtili, are ie.-
posited in the Library of Congress, where they are availi.-
ble for inspection and study.
Recording by IIAIS is evidence thil an building iN worthy
of preservation. Most recorded buildings will bhe entered
in the National Register either as Nalionuil Ililsoric I and-
marks or by nomination of lthe .iales.
NATIONAL. IARK S1IVICit AIlWtII'Ol.X('AI. PIMXIItAM. Arche-
ological research and protection are other major respon-
sibilities of the National Park Service. Prehistoric ruins
were among the earliest areas set aside for Department of
the Interior protection. The Antiquities Act of 1906 pro-
vided the Dlepartment with initial protective and research
powers in respect to archeological resources. The Act of
1916 creating the National Park Service charged that
agency with protection of historic resources in the National
Park System. The Historic Sites Act of 1935, the Reser-
voir Salvage Act of 1960, and the H lintoric Preservition Act
of 1966 Alf -ll ly brli idoh il lholw rplitn tilitlll*,w
T NI t rvi'r nii w i itilh (' |11 1 4ii ii 401 1iiilv I.?' 1i 1 litII
ilh ly wsylis1t l!ighWity t1, i>iiit>ll4itf Il lrill, ill ii'n.1s, ill
ol0lir projutie ltli thruii n hilus rich in |iichi lnfiiCii in Ihliitllii
diitla. A lirge propoi rtion of tlhe archaeological lildworik in
this country is condteiicd uniider ihe Inler-Agency Arihco-
ological Salvage Progruil, sponsored by the Service.
THE NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARKS PROGRAM. The Historic
Sites Act of 1935 authorizes the Secretary of the Interior
to make a survey of historic sites and buildings to identify
those of national significance. Potential landmarks are
evaluated by the Advisory Board on National Parks, His-
toric Sites, Buildings, and Monuments, and arc recom-
mended to the Secretary of the Interior.
Sites and structures found nationally significant by the
Secretary are eligible for designation as National Historic
L.andnmrks and are immediately recorded in the National
Register. Upon the owner's agreement to adhere to ac-
cepted preservation precepts, Landmark designation is
recognized by the award of a bronze plaque and a certi-
ficate. The program began in 1960.
Properties eligible for I.andmark designation are listed
in a booklet entitled Nationnl Parks and aiindnuirks.
Sludi'es lea'digI to tlihe slecion of Naltonal Hiistorie
I ;iidmarks aI' published lin i series of hooks. Th1 booklet
illd t Ih books are avail hiale friot ithe S lperiiiile)ndei nt ol'
Soimenits. U.S. .ove, i rnle Printliing Ollce. Washington,
).t, .'0402. (Write to that ollico for pricelists.)
A lathilTs'R Or NATURAL AIII.AS: I'AIKS--LANDMARKS. The
tirst areas in the Register of Natural Areas were designated
in 1 04.. This program is similar to that of the National
Historic landmarks. Natural areas considered of national
ignilicance are cited by the Secretary of the Interior as
eligible for recognition as Registered Natural landmarks,
regardless of ownership. At the Secretary's invitation, the
owner may apply for a certificate and a bronze plaque
designating the site.
itNVIRONMi-N IAI. I'MICATION LANDMARKS. The third part of
the National Landmarks Program was started in 1968.
These l.andinarks are designated for use of schools and
the general public for teaching the principles of environ-
oltiit I'ROuIRAIS. Among the newer programs of the Na-
tionail Park Service is n plan to identify and recognize
significant engineering landmarks. The Service works close-
ly with the American Society of Civil lEngineers and the
Library of Congress in establishing a graphic, documentary
record of the Nation's distinctive engineering accomplish-
The National Hlistoric Preservation Act of 1966 and
companion legislation place important responsibilities for
historic preservation on all Federal departments and
agencies. For most of them the responsibility is primarily
a statutory obligation to exercise care in all undertakings
affecting cultural properties worthy of preservation.
The I)epalirtmeii of llousing and Urbin Development,
however, is well ns tihe Iepart lent of the Inlterior, lions
l'.w i uivni i nipi iit iin w notlloeill ei ty t io 1nlprinkhi proiliileiii
tof 41i'liv aiu and ieniiiragea ent to historic preservation,i
FIor infoaiiiiilion about tfhe programs of thie Department
of IHlousing and Urban Development, write to the Secre-
tary of Housing and Urban Development, Washington,
_'* w - *'T.:.' -- '".'. "-^
L '4 :<""*. ," .,
On the basis of 1966 and 1968 legislation, the Depart-
ment of Transportation has adopted policies and programs
giving maximum consideration to the effect of projected
transportation facilities on the quality of the environment.
Cultural properties are among the environmental elements
given special attention. For further information write to
the Secretary of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.
RELATED PRESERVATION FOLDERS
The National Park Service publishes the following infor-
mation folders similar to this one on its preservation
programs: National Park Service Archeological Program,
The Historic American Buildings Survey, The National
Historic Landmarks Program, and A Register of Natural
Areas: Parks-Landmarks. These publications along with
this folder, are available in packet form (National Park
Service Preservation Programs, 50 cents) from the Super-
intendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402.
For further information about any of the programs
mentioned in this folder, write to the Director, National
Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washing-
ton, D.C. 20240.
STATE LIAISON OFFICERS
Following is a list of officials primarily responsible for
National Historic Preservation Act programs:
ALABAMA: Chairman, Alabama Historical Commission,
State Department of Archives and History, 624 Washing-
ton Ave.. Montgomery, Ala. 36104.
ALASKA: Chief, Parks and Recreation, Department of Na-
liilt I Kenoieei'on, DivlIliion of Lanutds, 344 SIxilh Ave., An.
cholitge, Aliika 999501,
ARI/ONA: Director, State Parks Board, Phoenix, Ariz.
ARKANSAS: Director, Arkansas Planning Commission, Little
Rock, Ark. 72201.
CAI.IFORNIA: Director, Department of Parks and Recre-
ation. State Resources Agency, Box 2390, Sacramento,
COLORADO: President. State Historical Society, Colorado
State Museum, East 14th Ave. and Sherman St., Denver,
CONNECTICUT: Chairman, Connecticut Historical Commis-
sion, 75 Elm St., Hartford, Conn. 06115.
DELAWARE: State Archivist, Archives Bldg., Dover, Del.
FLORIDA: Executive Director, Florida Board of Archives
and History, 401 East Gaines St., Tallahassee, Fla. 32304.
GEORGIA: Executive Secretary, Georgia Historical Com-
mission, 116 Mitchell St. SW., Atlanta, Ga. 30303.
HAWAII: Director. Department of Land and Natural Re-
sources, State of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813.
IDAHO: Director, Idaho Historical Society, 610 North
Julia Dr.. Boise, Idaho 83706.
ILLINOIS: Director, Department of Conservation, State
Office Bldg., Springfield, II111. 62706.
INDIANA: Director, Department of Natural Resources, State
of Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind. 42604.
IOWA: Superintendent, State Historical Society of Iowa,
Centennial Bldg., Iowa City, Iowa 52242.
KANSAS: Executive Secretary, Kansas State Historical So-
ciety, 120 10th St. West, Topeka, Kans. 66612.
KENTUCKY: Coordinator of State and Federal Activities,
Office of the Governor, Frankfort, Ky. 40601.
LOUISIANA: Chairman, Louisiana Historical Preservation
Commission, Box 44222 Capital Station, Baton Rouge,
MAINE: Director, State Park and Recreation Commission,
State Office Bldg., Augusta, Maine 04330.
MARYLAND: Director, Maryland Historical Trust, Box
1704, Annapolis, Md. 21401.
MASSACHUSETTS: Chairman, Massachusetts Historical Com-
mission, Boston, Mass. 02133.
MICHIGAN: Director, Department of Conservation, Stevens
T. Mason Bldg., Lansing, Mich. 48926.
MINNESOTA: Director, Minnesota Historical Society, Cedar
and Central Sts., St. Paul, Minn. 55101.
MISSISSIPPI: Director, State of Mississippi Department of
Archives and History, Box 571, Jackson, Miss. 39201.
MISSOURI: Director, Missouri State Park Board, Box 176,
1204 Jefferson Bldg., Jefferson City, Mo. 65101.
MONTANA: Chief, Recreation and Parks Division, Depart-
ment of Fish and Game, State of Montana, Helena, Mont.
NEaRASKA: Director, The Nebraska State Historical So-
ciety, 15th and R Sts., Lincoln, Nebr. 68508.
NEVADA: Administrator, Division of State Parks, 201 South
Fall St., Room 221 Nye Bldg., Carson City, Nev. 89701.
NEiW IiAMIPSI iIRE: Commissioner, Department of Resources
iinld Fconomic Development, Concord, N.H. 03301.
NiEw .I *sY V: ('Commissioner, Sinto of New Jersey Depart-
menit of Conservation and Economic Development, Tren-
ton, N.J. 08608.
NEw MEXIco: State Planning Ollicer, State of New Mexico,
Santa Fe, N. Mex. 87501.
NEW YORK: Chairman, New York State Historic Trust, 30
Rockefeller Plaza, Room 5600, New York, N.Y. 10020.
NORTHr CAROIINA: Director, Department of Archives and
History, Sauite of North Carolina, Raleigh, N.C. 27602.
NORTTI DAKOTA: Superintendent, State Historical Society of
Norlh Dakoia, Liberty Memorial Bldg., Bismarck, N. Dak.
oino: Director, The Ohio Historical Society, Columbus,
OKLAHOMA: Chairman, Oklahoma Historical Society, 1108
Colcord Bldg., Oklahoma City, Okla. 73102.
OREGON: State Highway Engineer, Oregon State Highway
Department, State Highway Bldg., Salem, Oreg. 97310.
PENNSYLVANIA: Executive Director, Pennsylvania Histori-
cal and Museum Commission, William Penn Memorial
Museum and Archives Bldg., Harrisburg, Pa. 17108.
RHODE ISLAND: Director, Rhode Island Development Coun-
cil, Roger Williams Bldg., Hayes St., Providence, R.I.
SOUTH CAROLINA: Director, State Archives Department,
1430 Senate St., Columbia, S.C. 29201.
SOUTH DAKOTA: Chief, Division of Parks and Recreation,
Department of Game, Fish and Parks, Pierre, S. Dak.
TENNESSEE: Chairman, Tennessee Historical Commission,
State Library and Archives Bldg., Nashville, Tenn. 37219.
TEXAS: Executive Director, Texas State Historical Survey
Committee, 108 West 15th St., Austin, Tex. 78701.
UTAH: Director, Department of Development Services, 312
State Capitol, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114.
VERMONT: Director, Vermont Historical Society, Mont-
pelier, Vt. 05602.
VIRGINIA: Chairman, Virginia Historic Landmarks Com-
mission, Room 1106, State Ninth Street Office Bldg.,
Richmond, Va. 23219.
WASHINGTON: Director, Washington State Parks and Re-
creation, Olympia, Wash. 98501.
WEST VIRGINIA: Chairman, Ad Hoc Committee on His-
toric Properties, Potomac State College, Keyser, W. Va.
WISCONSIN: Director, State Historical Society of Wis-
consin, 816 State St., Madison, Wis. 53706.
WYOMING: Executive Director, Wyoming Recreation Com-
mission, Cheyenne, Wyo. 82001.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Deputy Mayor, Executive Office,
District of Columbia Government, Washington, D.C.
GUAM: Director of Land Management, Government of
Guam, Agana, Guam 96910.
COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO: Executive Director,
Institute of Puerto Rican Culture, San Juan, P.R. 00905.
SAMOA: Office of the Governor, Pago Pago, American
VIRGIN Im.ANDs: Planning Dircctor, Virgin Islands Planning
Board, Charlotte Amnlie, St. Thomas, V.I. 00801.
U.S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
* US,. GOVIRNNIMNT PRINTING OPPIC I 1I*9 0-811-i,3