LANDSCAPE RESTORATION OF THE JOANEDA HOUSE
TRACING THE ORIGIN OF THE SPANISH
SENIOR THESIS PROJECT
DEPARTMENT OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
My thesis project began with the idea of producing a
restoration landscape plan for the Historic St. Augustine
preservation Board to be implemented at the Joaneda House in
St. Augustine. Beginning research on the gardens and culture
of St. Augustine in the early 1800's, it became apparent that
it would be impossible to take the gardens out of the Spanish
To recreate a design, whether it be Architecture or Land-
scape Architecture, the most valid approach is a wholistic
view of the traditions and backgrounds of the designer. Most
of St. Augustine was settled by the Spanish so it became necessary
to begin to research the Spanish Courtyard garden.
The courtyard garden represents a tradition that can be
traced through many cultures back almost to the beginning of
I felt that a valid approach to tracing the origin of
the enclosed garden tradition would be to research back
through the history of garden design.
In this paper I have attempted to trace what I felt was
a valid hypothesis as to the origin of this garden form and
to bring it through history showing the experiences on it in
the creation of a true art form, the Spanish courtyard garden.
This garden form came to St. Augustine with its first
settlers and can be seen today in restorations of the homes
of many of St. Augustine's past aristocracy.
Unfortunately, only the wealthy could afford, at this
time, to dedicate their precious land to an ormanital garden.
So here the courtyard garden emerged into a combination of
an outdoor room and a sustenance garden.
Through research I soon discovered that the occupant of
the Joaneda house was of the less fortunate class and it
seemed apparent that the garden design of this time was greatly
influenced by Juan Joaneda's economic situation.
I then began to research the traditions of St. Augustine
in the early 1800's trying to discover references to agriculture
or horticulture. I was fortunate to find some information
as to crops and ornamentals growing here at that time but as I
will espouse on later the information was very general.
I also researched the Indian tribes of Florida at this
period and discovered some of the crops they were growing but
only established a thin thread between Indian agriculture and
that of-St. Augustine.
From the information I had gathered I designed a
restoration landscape plan for the Joaneda House taking into
c nsideration my research on Spanish gardens coupled with
the research on St. Augustine at that time.
I feel that my proposal is a fairly valid representation
of what actually was located in the yard at that time but as
I will mention later in the report there are several areas
that may require more indepth research.
To begin recreating landscapes of past eras it becomes
necessary to take a wholistic view of the evolution of man
dealing with his surrounding landscape. Since the beginning
of man's existence on earth he has been involved with altering
his surroundings. At first his attempts were purely motivated
by survival instincts--food, clothing and shelter. Clearing
of a small area for a camp may have been the extent of the
physical molding of his surrounding landscape.
As the evolution of man progressed so did his methods
of survival. He discovered that building more permanent struc-
tures were to his advantage. He began to learn how to cultivate
food that had previously been searched for. These advances
led him to become more and more involved with his surroundings.
He became the master of his surroundings rather than a slave.
Because the physical landscape is constantly in a state
of change, it is more difficult to document and research the
extent of man's involvement in his landscape of these early
times. "The earliest accounts we have of gardens are those
recorded in the holy writ. Their antiquity, therefore, appears
coeval with that of the earliest tradition. The Garden of
Eden had every tree good for food or pleasant to the sight,
and Noah planted a vineyard. Solomon with a true spirit of
horticultural zeal says "I planted the vineyards: I made the
gardens and orchards and I planted trees in them of all kinds
of fruit." Only through the Bible and other ancient manu-
scripts do we have any documental evidence to the extent man
was involved with his landscape. What these early gardens
may have looked like we can only piece together a vague idea.
One of the most advanced civilizations of antiquity found
is that of the Egyptians. They became involved with advanced methods
of architecture as early as 1500 B.C. Many of these temples
have been restored and are living testimony to their advanced
techniques. The gardens that accompanied these magnificent
works disappeared long ago. Fortunately, the Egyptians believed
in graphically documenting their surroundings. Through wall
paintings in tombs and other artistic works we are able to
visualize some of the landscape architectural works as well.
Their architecture was very rigid and straight forward.
A basic geometry played a major role in their architectural
as well as garden design. Through excavations this garden
geometry was revealed. "There is documentary and site evidence
of such earth work operations as systems of channels for
drainage and irrigation in early Egypt. These elementary
methods like the ones used in the same regions today were
presumably combinations of straight flawlines and thus were an
ancient form of geometry on the land."2
Both the garden and'the architecture developed into a
bilateral symmetry, the right hand side reflecting the left
hand part. "Such an arrangement of elements developed,
unimaginative perhaps, but logical enough, and easy,
apparently became fairly economic in the layout of grounds
around Egyptian buildings public and private."3
In some of the Egyptian murals and wall paintings .it is
evident that even in -these early times we have the beginning
of walled courtyard gardens.
"For a period of seven centuries from the time of Homer's
epics, onward Greek literature abounds with poetic athesion
to trees and flowers, to sapred groves, to areas variously called
parks and gardens. Plato's academy and the academies of other
scholars through the fars are in effect described as gardens."4
The Greek gardens again have a very symmetrical layout,
this can be attributed to irrigation methods again. "The
gardens of Epicurus and Plato appear to have been symmetrical
groves of olive, plane and elm."5 Besides the symmetry of the
Greeks, one of the most significant developments of this time
was the concept of public gardens. This central public open
space was found in most Greek towns and became known as the
agora. The gradual improvement on the concept was the conscious
planning of the agora as a space framed by buildings. The agora
thus becomes another step in the development of merging
interior and exterior space, a major concept of the Spanish
"What once may have been the agora of the Greeks became
in Roman times a forum for generally similar purposes. Perhaps
it had undergone reorganization at any rate, whereas the very
earliest Greek agora often had about it a haphazard, negative
air, almost as if the space had been left over from something
else. The forum of Pompeii seems to assert itself as a con-
scious entity of space. It looks intended and purposefully
Although the Roman forum was another step in the develop-
ment of organized exterior space, another Roman contribution
really belongs in the thread of courtyard garden evolution.
Both the Atrium and Peristyle of the Pompeiian house belongs
in this cateogry. "The developed Pompeiian house apparently
presented a more organized aspect than the earliest Greek
prototypes. In the process of becoming perceptively more
ordered it had developed an excellent interlocking of indoor
and outdoor space. In the simpliest case this was effected by
a sequence of spaces threaded on a single line of sight from
the doorway in the street face of the house through the first
room or atrium then through a constricting doorway or passage
to a larger, garden-like peristyle surrounded by a columned
and covered walkway but otherwise open to the sky. The
Atrium, too, was partly open above and was covered by a roof
that often sloped inward to a central rectangular opening
directly over a pool of like dimensions in the floor."7
Both the atrium garden and the larger peristyle garden are of
the scale and are well enough defined entities of a household
to be definite links to the Spanish courtyard gardens.
Around 476 A.D. after the collapse of the Roman Empire,
most of Europe fell into a new era--the Middle or Dark Ages.
The outward free thinking era had suddenly began to fade.
"The major orientation in the Middle Ages was manifestly inward
and introspective. Circumstances of daily living in the Middle
Ages were conducive neither to broad affection nor to appre-
ciative use of the wide outdoors." .Many towns began to huddle
behind the safety of castle walls. Venturing out only during
the day to tend meager garden plots meant only for sustenance.
The greatest contributions in any sense during the Middle
Ages was from the church. They began constructing magnificent
Romanesque and Gothic Cathedrals. "It would be difficult to
overestimate what Medieval growth of monasticism has meant to
the continuance of civilization during this time."9 The church
seemed to keep alive interest in literature and other
accomplishments of a more enlightened time.
"The very nature of the monastic community with its
insistence on withdrawal from the secular world and on living
under the rule in prayer, silence, discipline and manual work,
gave rise not only to the isolated placement of the monastery
itself but also to the creation of the Cloister, originally a
grouping of the monk's separate cubicle's with a covered
walkway joining them around a central, common open space."10
In the center of the garden was usually a well. The remaining
often was cultivated with fruits and vegetables.. It was not
uncommon to find a few shrubs and flowers being nurtured.
This cloister garden strongly resembles the peristyle gar-
dens of Pompeii. The Pompeiian garden tradition probably had
a strong tie to the Middle Age cloister gardens. This was
perhaps the thread that keep the tradition alive to later be
found in the Spanish courtyard gardens.
In another part of the world a militant religion sprang
up. By 722 Islam had spread from Persia to the Pyrenos. This
new religion began to show a profound appreciation for the
TheIslambic people had not felt the repression of the
dark ages and with the coming of this new religion the stage
was set for man to really become involved with his surroundings
to a degree never equalled before.
The Moors had a long history of experience at garden
culture in arid lands. With this new awakening, coupled with
the strong moral emphasis on family privacy it became most
usual for even the simpliest house to have at least one
enclosed but unroofed court where a considerable part of the
daily living took place."11
"The Muslim mathematical genius and the Koranix prohibi-
tion against physical representation of humans and animals made
virtually inevitable the distinctive fanciful geometric surface
pattern found throughout Islam."12 The distinct law of order
and geometry found, manifested itself on the ground plane.
In their garden design it is evident that the emphasis is on
man's not nature's contributions.
Often a courtyard would be entirely paved in intricate
designs carried out with tiles. Greenery was only found to
accent the strong geometry. Usually recrangular the garden
almost invariably centered around a well.
Other gardens would be entirely of horticulture with the
exception of the well and small paved parkways. The idea of
the formal garden with equally spaced plants in rows developed
into a real system. These Islambic peoples considered horti-
culture to be a-royal occupation.
No other European country has undergone such constant
change as Spain. In no other has there been so many conflicting
civilizations. This constant influx of other culture has
brought many different traditions to Spanish Garden design.
As we have attempted to establish previously, the Spanish
garden has elements of several different cultures.
"The Roman contribution to Spanish domestic architecture
as might be expected was something concrete. The patio, the
internal courtyard, is still the most distinctive feature of
the Spanish home. It forms a delightful open air sitting room
kept cool in the intense summer heat by its fountain and vine
trellis awning and by solid shade of its high enclosing arcades.
These courtyard gardens of Andalucia, directly descended from
the Atrium of Roman days."
Another strong contribution to Spanish garden design was the
Moslems. The escambic tradition spread quickly into Spain.
The Moors occupied the country for eight centuries and left
quite an impact on Spanish design. These people brought to
Spain a profound love of gardening.
Gradually with bits and pieces of the different cultures
coupled with the strong culture and spirit of Spain, a truly
Spanish garden typed emerged.
Influenced by both climate and culture, Spanish -
architecture was inward turning. Facing the street was'a very
bleak, unimaginative facade while the house was completely
or partly surrounded by a beautiful courtyard garden. The
whole spirit of the house seemed to revolve around the patio.
The Spanish women spent much time here because they cus-
tomarily weren't seen outside the house.
In this arid climate the dark green vegetation, tradi-
tional of the patio gardens, offered a refreshing contrast
to the arid climate and stucco architecture. A few flowering
shrubs offered spots. of color.
As was a Moslem tradition, the Spanish had little or no
statuary in their gardens more emphasis was put on water and
colored tiles. Often a fountain and an irrigation system would
form the basic geometry of the garden. Water played a sutle
but essential role in the Spanish garden providing a
phycological refreshing atmosphere in combination with the
dark green foliage.
Tiled or earthern parks often lead one through the garden.
Earthen pots of colored flowers became another Spanish garden
These Spanish gardens were in many ways similar to the
Moorish gardens but became more subtle, a more delicate art
Minedez landed in Florida in 1565 at the site of an Indian
village, and as was customary, the name given to the site was
the name of the Saint for that particular day, St. Augustine.
This was the beginning of the major Spanish influence the
United States would ever be subject to. The history of St.
Augustine is one of much turmoil and violence. The city was
burned several times during its early existence. Florida was
annexed into the U. S. in 1821 under Spanish rule.
Several tribes of fierce Indians constantly harassed
the new settlers. To survive these attacks and those of other
European enemies, the city was walled in. One entered and
left the city by a carefully guarded gateway.
The Spanish had come,to St. Augustine with hopes of not
only establishing a strong military hold, but of establishing
a self sufficient colony as well. "Ponce de Leon came with
the purpose of establishing an agriculture and stockraisers colony.
He arrived with horses, cattle, sheep, goats, hogs and all kinds
of domestic animals as well as an abundant supply of seeds of
all kinds for cultivation of the land. Pot herbs, maize, mill
and grapes were among these first beginnings of agriculture."14
They found that the soil of St. Augustine was light and
sandy. The palmetto made it very difficult to clear the
land. "Good agricultural land-was found in scattered places
at some distance from St. Augustine outside the defense
essential for protection."15 Many of these early settlers
lost their lives venturing beyond the walls to attempt culti-
vating the land. Agriculture quickly became restricted on
the whole to vegetable gardens either in town or immediately ad-
jacent to it.
When Spanish settlers and clergy began to flock to St.
Augustine they naturally used the type of architecture and
gardens they were familiar with. It began to take on the
character of any thriving Spanish city. The narrow streets
with projecting balconies, high stone walls and wrought iron
grille work really gave it a distinct Spanish character.
The architecture developed into what is called today
the St. Augustine house. This was characterized by a loggia or
porch shelter. The main entrance to the house was through
the loggia. Entrance into the yard was by way of a gate in
a high wall. "The loggis admitted winter sun while excluding
cold wind and admitted summer breezes while tempering the
The climate of St. Augustine was so similar to that of
Spain both the architecture and garden design seemed completely
in centex there.
As was Spanish tradition the loggis and garden area
became an outdoor room. The women spent much time here going
about their daily chores of cooking, washing and soap making.
The gardens of St. Augustine customarily had a well, fruit
trees, kitchen garden and a chicken yard. The citrus trees
were usually grouped in small groves and were primarily sour
oranges, lemons or limes. Other fruit trees such as bananas,
figs, apples and peaches were also found in these gardens.
Because most families were forced to produce the majority
of their food on their property, the kitchen garden often took
up a large area of the yard. The primary crops found in these
gardens were corn, squash, pumpkins, peas, beans and sugar
cane. The Spanish brought some varieties of vegetables with
them but it is thought that both the corn and pumpkins grown
could have been Indian varieties.
In many gardens a small grape arbor was not uncommon.
The Spanish had brought with them several varieties of grapes
that did well in St. Augustine.
The chicken yard was usually fenced in with wooden seats
and located on the perifery of the garden.
Not even the poorest families dedicated their entire yard
to sustenance. Often placed close to the house were shrubs provid-.'
ing color along with potted plants to add accents to the garden.
Accounts of roses, jasmine, geraniums and other ornamentals
have been found.
We have a good idea what St. Augustine looked like from
William Cullen Bryan's 1829 literal sketch of the city. "I
have called the streets narrow. In few places are they wide
enough to allow two carriages to pass abreast. I was told
that they were not originally intended for carriages and in the time
when the town belonged to Spain, many of them were floored with
an artificial stone, composed of shells and mortor, which in
this climate takes and keeps the hardness of rock, and that no
other vehicle than a hand barrow was allowed to pass over them.
In some places you see remnants of this ancient pavement but
for the most part it has been ground into dust under the wheels
of the carts and carriages, introduced by the new inhabitants.
The old houses built of a kind of stone which is seemingly a pure
concretion of small shells overhang the streets with their
wooden balconies, and the gardens between the houses are
fenced on the side of the street with high walls of stone.
peeping over these walls you see branches of the pomegranate
and of the orange trees now fragrant with flowers, and rising
yet higher, the waning boughs of the fig with its broad luxuriant
By the early 1800's St. Augustine had become a beautiful
city though much of the original paving and-other early Spanish
contribution had gradually disappeared.
Historians are not sure of the influence the North Florida
Indian tribes had on the agriculture of St. Augustine. We
know of trade and commerce between the Spanish and the Indians
but are unsure of the tie between their agriculture.
When the Spanish first arrived in Florida they were astounded
at the advanced agriculture of these Indian tribes. Both the
Timucua and the Apalache of North Florida were cultivating a
wide variety of crops.
The principal crops discovered by De Soto and other early
explorers among the Florida Indians were maize, beans, millet,
fruits of numerous kinds including plums, persimmon, black
cherries, mulberries, both white and red, blueberries, raspberries,
grapes, nuts, walnuts, chestnuts, dward chinquapin.
They used the Cassave and the Manioc roots to make bread.
This first record of the Juan Joaneda house was found in
a letter, seeking permit to sell date January 27, 1807. The
sale was to satisfy creditors one of whom was a Coquina
Mason. It is thought that the mason accepted the house in
payment for his work on it. It is assumed that the house was
built in 1806.
In doing research for a landscape plan to be implemented
at the Joaneda House it was necessary to take into consideration
the economic and ethnic background of Juan Joaneda. He was of
a Majorean decent and thought to have been rather poor. It
would have been necessary for someone of his economic status
to dedicate much of the property to a large kitchen garden.
As I have previously stated, St. Augustine was primarily
of a Spanish background. Juan Joaneda, being of Majorean descent
came to St. Augustine fresh from the Spanish tradition of design.
Although his economic status would have prohibited him from
creating an elaborate Spanish garden, he most certainly was
influenced by this tradition and his garden would reflect
The restoration architects have determined that the house
was of the typical St. Augustine architecture with no entrance
to the house on the street but had to be entered through the
garden and loggia by a south door.
The assymetry of the roof line along with excavations
are evidence that the loggia was included in the original
construction. It is indicated that the construction of this
loggia was probably wooden rather than dobby.
The typical Spanish loggia served as an outdoor room to this
family. Much of the women's work would have taken place on the
loggia or in the yard area adjacent to it. As was customary
at this time yards were of swept dirt, sod didn't come into
existence until much later here.
The Lobby well presently located in the yard was probably
original but research and excavation will be conducted on
this. A simple wooden or wrought iron.well head would have most
likely adorned it. It is my feeling that the well served as the
center of a simple geometric garden layout.
Aside from a large kitchen garden, it would have been
quite likely that a small citrus grove of perhaps six trees
would have been part of the garden. As I mentioned earlier,
these most always were sour oranges, lemmons or. limes.
Also, I found evidence that in some gardens in St. Augustine
there were small grape arbors. I am suggesting that one be
located in this restoration but some further study should be
Most houses in St. Augustine of Juan Joaneda's status had
chicken yards located on its perifry of the garden and that
customarily these were fenced with cypress slates. This also
needs further investigation but my belief is that evidence
is valid enough to suggest a chicken yard in this landscape
As was customarily in kitchen gardens of this time stalk
crops such as corn and sugar cane were located furtherest from
the house, next were the vining crops such as pumpkin, squash, then
peas and beans and the closest point in the kitchen garden
probably was dedicated to herbs and other small crops.
In doing research on historic agriculture, I found a void
of information as to any specific botanical names of any crops.
All references were to general names and categories only.
Further research in the historical agriculture of Florida could
probably be of some benefit in this area.
There are references to ornamental plants found in St.
Augustine. Roses, jasmine, geraniums, are the major varieties.
These seem to adorn gardens of even the poorest inhabitant.
Potted plants, a Spanish tradition, were also frequently spoken
of. Once again there is a distinct void as far as any
I am suggesting both the ornamentals and potted plants
As a valid consideration of the restoration and as a considera-
tion for adaptive purposes.
John Steinbuck of the Historic St. Augustine Preservation
board felt evidence was strong enough to suggest the yard had
been fenced with wooden slip board 5' to 6' high. I felt this
suggestion was valid from the research I have done.
The property that accompanies the house, as far as can
be determined, is of the same dimensions as was originally.
In designing a landscape restoration plan for the Joaneda
house, it was necessary to deal with several unfortunate
20th Century encroachments.
The west side of the yard is completely paralleled by an
18 foot high block wall of the McCrory's dime store. McCory's
is a fairly new building and the other three sides have been
stuccoed to give the building a Spanish character. The
restoration of the Joaneda house is of benefit to them and
perhaps they would be willing to stucco the east side as well.
This would help give a more authentic feeling to the house
and garden and would solve the problem of screening that monu-
A parking lot has just been installed directly across
Treasury Street from the Joaneda house. This desperately needs
screening as it detracts from the front view of the house.
A 2 foot strip which is presently filled with coquina rubble coulc
be dug out andfplanted with a barrier hedge.
The adaptive use of the house will be residential. The
previous owner of the property will be the occupant. This neces-
sitates further 20th century design considerations for the yard
area. It is necessary to have parking inside the fenced area
for one car and room to negotiate. The entrance must be from
Treasury Street through the front fence.
There are three sobal palmetto's presently in the yard.
In the restoration plan I am suggesting that these be removed
as they were not in the original garden. Fruit trees would
provide the needed canopy. However, if the Historical Society
is not willing to purchase trees of the size to provide this
needed canopy, the sabal should be. left in place until such
time as the fruit trees are large enough to provide shade.
As in all projects treading on a new subject and methods
of discovery, it probably would be done differently could it
I would have liked to have concentrated more on researching
St. Augustine and its agricultural and horticultural aspects.
More research needs to be done on the history of Florida
agriculture and more information needs to be found concerning
As I can see now, too much time and effort went to researching
the origin of courtyard gardens. This would have been better
spent digging for more specifics in St. Augustine. The origins
of different aspects of landscape architecture is terrifically
interesting and could make an excellent thesis topic itself.
In conclusion, I thoroughly enjoyed this thesis topic and
feel that this experience will be of great value to me in my
I would like to see someone pick-up where I have left off
and continue research on the History of Florida Gardens in
Albertype Company, St. Augustine Views of the Old Florida
City, A. Witteman Company, New York, New York, 1902.
Bloomfield, Max. Bloomfield's Illustrated Historical Guide.
Max Bloomfield publishers, St. Augustine, Florida, 1884.
Brown, George M. Ponce de Leon Land. C. W. Dacosta, Inc.,
Jacksonville, Florida, 1892.
Byne, Mildred Stapley. Spanish Gardens and patios. J. B.
Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, pa., 1924.
Department of State. Historic St. Augustine Preservation Board
Guidebook. Tallahassee, Florida, 1971.
Fox, Helen Morgenthaw. Patio Gardens. McMillam Company,
New York, New York, 1929.
Gallotti, Jean. Moorish Houses and Gardens of Morrocco.
William Helburn, Inc., New York, New York.
Lockwood, Alice B. Gardens of Colony and State. Charles
Scribner's Sons, New York, New York, 1934.
McCormick, Harriett H. Landscape Architecture Past and
present. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, New York,
Newcomb, Rexford. The Spanish House for America. J. B.
Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, Pa., 1927.
Newton, Norman J. Design on the Land. Harvard University
Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1971.
Shambaugh, Marion Frances. The Dev1lopment of Aqriculture in
Florida During the Second SpanAsh period. University of
Florida Press, Gainesville, Fla., 1953.
Spellman, Charles. W. The Agriculture of the Early North,
Florida Indians. University of Florida press,
Gainesville, Fla., 1948.
Villiers, Stuart. Spanish Gardens. Batsford, Ltd.,
London, England, 1936.
Whitmore, Frederic. A Florida Farm. The Ridgewood Press,
Springfield, Mass., 1903.
McCormick, Harriett H. 1923 page 7
Newton, Norman t. 1974 page 1
Newton, Norman T. 1974 page 3
McCormick, Harriett H, 1973 page 8
Mo Cormick, Harriett H. 1973 page 8
6. Newton, Norman H.
7. Newton, Norman H.
o. Jiewton, norman H.
0o loWboli, 6 uisua.dii no
v, ii;-Pwt, morman H*
1I. Gaiiotti, Jean
12. Newton, Norman H.
13. Fox,Helen Morganaw
14. Brown, George M.
15. Brown, George M.
16. Mauncy, Albert
17. Bloomfield, Max
1974 page 9
1974 page 6
1974 page 21
19t4 page 23
195Y page 34
1974 page 31
1929 page 64
1892 page 23
1892 page 30
1974 page 20
1884 page 5
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EXPLORATIONS LEAD THE
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CONSTRUCTED OF WOOD RATHER
THAN TABBY OR STONE.
UNIVERSE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT ifNDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
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JOANEDA HOUSE RESTORATION
HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE W ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
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JOANEDA HOUSE RESTORATION
HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE A ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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DONE BY THOMAS 0. LEDFORD
IN 1973, THFS EXCAVATION
COMBINED WITH ROOF LINE
EXPLORATIONS LEAD THE
RESTORATION ARCHITECS TO
BELIEVE THE LOGGIA WAS PART
OF THE ORIGINAL CONSTRUCTION.
THIS PORCH STRUCTURE WAS
CONSTRUCTED OF WOOD RATHER
THAN TABBY OR STONE.
JOANEDA HOUP RESTORATION
HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE ST. AUGUSTINE. FLORIDA
CONFLICTING ADJACENT LAND USE
\lmjf"- --^ --
FACADE ON TREASURY STREET
SHOWING PROPOSED O0CEN SLIP BOARD
FENCE. l NIGH
JOANEDA HOUSj RESTORATION
HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
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JOANEDA HOUSL RESTORATION
HISTORIC ST. AUGUSTINE W, ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
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