Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094771/00813
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights, C.Z
Publication Date: March 19, 1971
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
biweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00813
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
Classification: lcc - HE538 .A37
ddc - 386/.444/05
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text




THE PANAMA CANAL GiftofrhePa aln






SSpillwayf

Vol. IX, No. 40 More Than 56 Years of Service to World Commerce Friday, March 19, 1971


Retirement Annuities


May Be Increased 4%


U.S. Government employees who
retire before June 1 and those al-
ready retired will receive an annuity
increase of at least 4 percent, if the
Consumer Price Index for February
and March increases 3 percent or
more, as it did in January.
The increase would be payable
under the Civil Service Retirement
Law that provides for the automatic
increase of civil service annuities
whenever the cost of living, nation-
wide, goes up by at least 3 percent
over the Consumer Price Index base
month and stays up at least 3 per-
cent for 3 consecutive months.
January 1971 was the first month
since the base month of May 1970
that the percentage rise was up at
least 3 percent. The index rose 3.0
percent the first month of this year.
If the percentage rise continues
to stay up by at least 3 percent in
February and March, annuities will
be stepped up by the highest in-
crease during the 3-month period
plus an additional 1 percent author-
ized by law.
The increase for February will be


Gen. Mabry


Will Open


Cayuco Race
Maj. Gen. George L. Mabry, com-
mander, U.S. Army Forces Southern
Commander, will fire the opening
gun for the 1971 Ocean-to-Ocean
Cavuco Race at the Cristobal Yacht
Club, April 2, at 4 p.m.
The 18th annual competition,
sponsored by the Canal Zone Coun-
cil Boy Scouts of America, is ex-
pected to be the biggest in the his-
tory of the event. At least 30 dug-
out canoes will compete.
Destiny, last year's champion and
the fastest cayuco in the history of
the race, will compete again this
year along with Predator, last year's
second place winner. Both Destiny
and Predator are sponsored by the
Cristobal Elks Lodge. Destiny fin-
ished the race last year in 6 hours,
19 minutes, and 58 seconds, which
was about 8 minutes slower than the
record she set in 1969. El Bejuco,
which has won the race several
times, will also be in the line-up.
Explorers on both sides of the
Isthmus are hard at work readying
their boats and concentrating on im-
proving their skill as they prepare
for the 2V2 days of grueling paddling
from the Cristobal Yacht Club to
Rodman Naval Station on the Pa-
cific side of the Isthmus.
Capt. R. J. Norman, chief of the
Navigation Division and coordinator
for the cayuco race, has asked that
all shipping proceed at safe speeds
when in the vicinity of the cayucos.
In 1964 several cayucos capsized in
Gatun Lake due to the wakes
created by passing vessels.
The first lap of the race will be
from the Cristobal Yacht Club to
Gatun Locks. Lap 2 will begin at
7 a.m., April 3, at Gatun and end
at Gamboa with the final lap from
Gamboa to the Rodman Naval Sta-
tion beginning at 8 a.m., April 4.
Each unit will select a queen, as
in past years, and the unit having
the winning crew will have its queen
(Continued on p. 4)


announced later and the CPI for
the month of March probably will
not be available until the last week
of April.
To take advantage of any such
increase, an employee would have
to be separated before June 1, 1971.


Youth Council

Strikes Blow

For Tidiness
Dry season activities of the Canal
Zone Youth Council continue to ex-
pand as interest in the organization
grows. The latest program stresses
the theme of "helping others help
themselves" and was launched last
week when youth from Latin Amer-
ican and U.S. communities cleaned
and painted the basement of the
Santa Cruz National Baptist Church.
The area will be used as an exten-
sion of the church's social center
and will serve as an area for a
kindergarten as well as a planning
facility for community projects.
Plans are being developed to con-
tinue this "self-help" program on a
regular basis for participation by all
Canal Zone youth.
Meanwhile, another Canal Zone
College Youth Council Railroad Car
Beer Pub work party will gather
tomorrow at 9 a.m. to continue
renovating two railroad cars to be
used as a pub for older members of
the council.
The pub will be located off Gail-
lard Highway between the Fast-
lich and Little League ballparks in
Balboa.
Everyone is welcome to par-
ticipate. Free soft drinks will be
provided.
Tonight and tomorrow night
junior and senior high school stu-
dents are invited to The Gap. Lo-
cated on Roosevelt Avenue across
from the Electrical Substation, The
Gap features dancing every Friday
and Saturday from 7:30 p.m. to mid-
(Continued on p. 4)


Engineering and Construction Director Col. Charles R.
Clark briefs members of the Panama Society of Engi-
neers and Architects during a partial transit of the
waterway on the launch "Las Cruces." The Panama


"Oliver!" Production,


Tryout Dates
Performance dates for Oliver!,
the Canal Zone United Fund pro-
duction, have been set for August 6
through 21, to give Canal employees
returning from vacation an oppor-
tunity to see the play, which is to be
produced and directed by Brunce
Quinn.
Tryouts for a cast of 40, with parts
for 19 children and 94 roles in the
musical hit adapted from the Charles
Dickens masterpiece, will be from
June 14 to 18. A search is currently
underway for the young boy who
will play the role of Oliver Twist,
the beloved little Londoner who has
stolen the hearts of millions since
Dickens created him in the 19th
century. In search of talent for his
production, Quinn has visited vari-
ous schools and youth activities
groups encouraging young people
to take part in this production which


I A1


Members of the Canal Zone Youth Council from Balboa High School attack
Goethal's Memorial with brush and soap during a recent cleanup project.
The Maintenance Division of the Engineering and Construction Bureau
provided the cleaning equipment. Melinda Garcia, president of the Balboa
High School segment of the Youth Council, planned and directed the
project. The memorial is at the foot of the Administration Building.


engineers and architects and their colleagues from the
Canal Zone made an inspection of some of the major
projects being carried out by the Engineering and
Construction Bureau.


Announced
is a mixture of melodrama and real-
ism. It is estimated that from 300
to 500 children will audition for the
coveted roles.
Vera Bomford will be the cho-
reographer for the production, lend-
ing her extensive professional expe-
rience on the London stage to cap-
ture the many moods of the Dicken-
sian era of England. This will be
the third United Fund production
for Miss Bomford who choreogra-
phed and directed the unforgettable
Oklahoma! in 1964 and choreogra-
phed the outstanding dance art of
West Side Story in 1968. Miss Bom-
ford also has appeared in various
theater productions in Panama and
Peru.
Stage manager will be Keith
Brownfield, assisted by Steve Belok,
-who will be in charge of set con-
struction including a revolving stage
with two levels.
Bill Kirkland, who did an out-
standing job in Man of La Mancha
last year, will be in charge of
lighting.
The U.S. Air Forces Southern
Command Band, under the direction
of Capt. Nevin Lantry, will provide
the music for Oliver! This will be
the fourth time the band has been
associated with United Fund pro-
ductions, having provided musical
support for The King and I in 1965,
My Fair Lady in 1967 and Show-
boat in 1969.
Oliver! which was first produced
in London and then had a success-
ful run on Broadway, was made into
a film and received the Academy
Award in 1968 as the year's most
outstanding film. The music, lyrics,
and book were written by Lionel
Bart and the score includes such
favorites as "Who Will Buy My
Roses," "As Long As He Needs Me,"
"Where Is Love," "I'd Do Any-
thing," and "Oom-Pah-Pah."
Indicative of local interest in
Oliver!' is the fact that Carl Chap-
man, musical director at Cunindu
Junior High School, has chosen se-
lections from the musical hit for
presentation in the Spring Concert.
Selections from Oliver! also w:ll be
(Continued on p. 4)


P1 tWins


Pilot Wins


$400 for


Suggestion
A suggestion award certificate and
a check for $400 were presented
Monday to Capt. William T. Lyons,
a Panama Canal pilot, for his sug-
gestion to study the feasibility of
forecasting fog in Gaillard Cut and
vicinity.
The certificate and cash award,
the largest given to any employee
since the suggestion award program
was reorganized in October 1969,
was presented Captain Lyons by
Capt. Robert 0. Mink, USN, Pan-
ama Canal Marine Director, at a
special ceremony in his office at
Balboa Heights.
The prize winning suggestion sub-
mitted by Captain Lyons recom-
mended the establishment of a net-
(Continued on p. 4)


CHS Thespians

To Perform on

Pacific Side
The Cristobal High School Thes-
pians will head to the Pacific side
of the Isthmus March 20 to present
for 1 night only the mystery comedy,
The Black Flamingo. Curtain time
will be 7 p.m. at the Balboa High
School auditorium.
Admission is $1 for adults and 25
cents for children and Student Asso-
ciation members.
The Black Flamingo takes place
in France during the time of the
Revolution. The Bastille had fallen
and the nobles, those who were not
beheaded, had fled Paris with their
valuables to an inn called the Black
Flamingo. Perhaps no more cele-
brated a house for dark deeds
existed than the sinister inn, on the
road to Vienna Le Chateau in
northern France.
The nobles would stop at the inn
for a rest, only to awaken with their
valuables missing. Some never
awakened because, through the
ingenious machinations of the sly
innkeeper and his allies, they were
killed.


*; I:








THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


March 19, 1971


:.. = -: d< : . ....

Visibly exhausted after a rehearsal of "Feudin" a one- feuding families in the Ozarks, two other one-act plays,
act hillbilly comedy by Canal Zone College students are "No Exit" and "The Happy Journey to Camden and
members of the cast from left, Nona Garrett, Craig Trenton" will be presented by the Canal Zone College
Boatwright, Kathy Mulroy, Steve Boatwright, and Jill Drama Department March 25, 26, and 27 at 8 p.m.
Ebert. In addition to this comedy dealing with two For reservations call, 2-2380. Admission is free.


Week Beginning Saturday, March 20, 1971


BALBOA (Air Conditioned)
Sat.-Sun., 2:30, 6:15, 8:20 p.m.-Mon.,
7:30-McKenzie Break (GP)
Tues., 7:30 p.m.-Treasure Of Sierra
Madre and Stage Show (G)
Wed.-Thurs., 7:30 p.m.-Bob & Carol &
Ted & Alice (R)
Fri., 6:15, 8:00 p.m.-Hook, Line And
Sinker (G)

DIABLO HEIGHTS *
Sat.-Moonshine War (GP)
Sunday Matinee, 2:00 p.m. (T-96 mins.)
-Apache Uprising (G)
Sun.-Mon.-Anne Of The Thousand Days
(GP)
Tues.-Beach Red (GP)
Wed.-Battle Of Britain (G)
Thurs.-Follow The Boys (GP)
Fri.-The Vikings (G)
Friday Owl Show, 10:00 p.m.-Dr.
Terror's House Of Horrors (GP)

GAMBOA*
Sat., 8:15-Stowaway In The Sky (G)
Sun.-They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
(GP)
Tues.-Follow The Boys (GP)
Wed.-Anne Of The Thousand Days (GP)
Fri.-Battle Of Britain (G)
Friday Owl Show, 10:00 p.m.-Fantomas
(G)

COCO SOLO (Air Conditioned)'
Sat., 7:00 p.m.-Sun., 2:00, 7:00 p.m.-
Lost In The Desert (G)
Mon.-Island In The Sun (GP)
Tues.-Taste The Blood Of Dracula (GP)
Wed.-Thurs.-The Reivers (GP)
Fri.-Around The World In 80 Days (G)

MARGARITA*
Sat.-Infinite Journey (G)
Sunday Matinee, 2:00 p.m. (T-112
mins.)-Cowboy In Africa (G)
Sun.-Mon.-Private Life Of Sherlock
Holmes (GP)
Tues.-Whatever Happened To Aunt
Alice? (GP)
Wed.-Situation Hopeless-But Not
Serious (G)
Thurs.-The Defiant Ones (GP)
Fri.-Stowaway In The Sky (G)
Friday Owl Show, 10:00 p.m.-On The
Beach (GP)

GATUN *
Sat.-The Guru (G)
Sunday Matinee, 2:00 p.m. (T-94 mins.)
-Comanche (G)
Sun.-Two Mules For Sister Sara (GP)
Tues.-Moonshine War (GP)
*All night shows begin at 7:00 p.m.
except as shown. Program subject to
change without notice.



SPILLWAY
The PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY is an
official publication of the Panama
Canal, Balboa Heights, C.Z. News
articles and pictures contained in it
are made available to all interested
news media for whatever use they
may wish to make of them and may
be reprinted without official clearance.
DAVID S. PARKER
Governor of the Canal Zone
R. S. HARTLINE
Lieutenant Governor
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Information Officer
Material intended for publication in
the SPILLWAY should be delivered to
the Panama Canal Press Office or
mailed to PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY,
Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z.
Distributed free to all Panama
Canal employees. Subscription cost
for others (including mailing) $2.60 a
year. Make checks payable to Panama
Canal Company and address to:
SPILLWAY Subscriptions, Box M,
Balboa Heights, C.Z.


Thurs.-Whatever Happened To Aunt
Alice? (GP)
Fri.-Situation Hopeless-But Not Serious
(G)



Special Matinees
(G) or as Listed ***
Saturday, March 20, 1971

BALBOA
10:00 a.m.
The Mighty Ursus-Ed Fury: A color
spectacle of the fantastic adventures of
the world's mightiest mortal.
T-97 mins.

DIABLO HEIGHTS
2:00 p.m.
Pinocchio In Outer Space-Animated car-
toon of Pinocchio's trip in outer space.
T-82 mins.

GAMBOA
6:15 p.m.
My Side Of The Mountain-A 13-year-
old Canadian boy shares a lonely
mountain with his friends . both
human and animal. (Technicolor.)
T-107 mins.

COCO SOLO
2:00 p.m.
A Hard Day's Night-A musical comedy
with the world famous Beatles.
T-92 mins.

MARGARITA
2:00 p.m.
Fort Massacre Joel McCrea, Forrest
Tucker: They had to be on the move or
die. (Color.) T-86 mins.

GATUN
2:00 p.m.
Eight On The Lam-Bob Hope: Comedy
of a bank teller who finds a fortune in
a parking lot. T-113 mins.

FILM SUITABILITY GUIDE: G-All ages
admitted. General audience. GP-All
ages admitted. Parental guidance ad-
vised. R-Restricted. Persons under 17
unless they are high school seniors, not
admitted unless accompanied by parent
or legal guardian. X-Persons under 17
not admitted.
T-Indicates total running time. (t)-Re-
peat. SIT-Spanish titles.



STORE INVENTORY

CLOSINGS PLANNED
The convenience section of the
Retail Store at Paraiso will be closed
from 7 a.m. to 10 a.m., April 1, and
the Balboa Optical Outlet of the
Balboa Retail Store will close at
noon March 31, instead of 5:30 p.m.
to permit formal inventory, it has
been announced by the Supply
Division.
On the Atlantic side, the depart-
ment store section of the Coco Solo
Retail Store will be closed all day
March 31, and the supermarket sec-
tion will be closed all day April 1,
for inventory.
Appropriate signs will be posted
notifying customers of closing hours
wherever necessary.


JWB To Exhibit


Ceramic Mosaics

Edith Lake will show a selection
of her ceramic mosaics at the Jewish
Welfare Board Gallery in Balboa
March 21 to April 2.
Each of the mosaics is prepared
and the t iles cut in such a way that
the grout lines form a complemen-
tary, independent, yet reinforcing
design to the color and line of the
subjects. All of the clay used in these
productions has been collected and
processed by Mrs. Lake. The tiles
are fired twice-bisque fired, then
glazed separately and refired-in her
electric kiln. Other local materials
used include melted old glass and
black beach sand.
Mrs. Lake credits her interest in
ceramics to the inspiring teaching
of the Panamanian artist, Diana
Chiari de Gruber, with whom she
studied in the fall of 1965. Since
then she has studied ceramics at the
Herron School of Art of Indian-
apolis, Ind. Prior to coming to the
Canal Zone Mrs. Lake had won
recognition in Illinois and Kansas
for her oil painting. Recently she
was one of the judges for the Na-
tional League of American Pen-
women's Art Show.


Learn to speak in many lan-
guages, for that is an asset.
Learn to keep silent in at least
one. That, too, is an asset.


I SN-T Shedle


(Schedule subject to change without notice)


SATURDAY, MARCH 20
1:00-SCN Afternoon News
1:05-Sesame Street
2:05-Parade of Sports
4:25-The American Sportsman
5:10-The Bill Anderson Show
5:35-Get It Together
6:00-Weekend '71
6:15-Movie Marquee
6:20-The Barbara McNair Show
7:10-Daniel Boone
8:00-SCN News
8:05-Highlights of the 1971
Ice Capades (Special)
9:00-Canal Zone Calendar
9:05-Professional Boxing
10:35-Focus on Today
10:55-Saturday Night Movie:
"The Bushwackers"
SUNDAY, MARCH 21
1:00-SCN Afternoon News
1:05-The Christophers
1:20-Sunday Playhouse:
"Desperados Are In Town"
2:35-Adventure Series: "The Frozen
World of Seal and Walrus"
(Special)
3:25-Montage
3:50-On Campus
4:20-The Roller Game of the Week
5:10-The All American College Show
5:30-Across the Seven Seas
6:00-Chronicle
6:30-Doris Day Show
6:55-You Asked for It
7:05-The Ed Sullivan Show
8:00-SCN News
8:05-Perry Mason
9:00-Canal Zone Calendar
9:05-The World of Barbara Moller
9:35-The Dean Martin Show
10:30-Focus on Today
10:50-This Is the Life
11:15-The Sacred Heart
MONDAY, MARCH 22
4:00-SCN Afternoon News
4:05-The Gail Storm Show
4:30-Afternoon with Sesame Street
and Uncle Bob
5:05-Movie of the Week:
"The Jackpot"
5:30-The Big Picture
6:00-Dateline
6:30-Green Acres
6:55-News In Spanish
7:05-Rowan & Martin's Laugh In
8:00-SCN News
8:05-Bonanza
9:00-Canal Zone Calendar
9:05-Armchair Theater: "Passion"
10:30-Focus on Today
10:50-Gail Storm Show
11:15-Urban Forum: "Dept. of
Labor"
TUESDAY, MARCH 23
'1:00-SCN Afternoon News
4:05-Assignment Under Water
4:30-Afternoon with Sesame Street
and Uncle Bob
5:05-Movie of the Week:
"The Jackpot"
5:30-First Tuesday:
"The Super Chief"
6:00-Dateline
6:30-The Johnny Cash Show
6:55-News In Spanish
7:20-Soul
8:20-SCN News
8:25-The Defenders
9:15-Canal Zone Calendar
9:20-The Mike Douglas Show
10:35-Focus On Today
10:55-Andy Griffith
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24
4:00-SCN Afternoon News
4:05-Andy Griffith
4:30-Afternoon with Sesame Street
and Uncle Bob
5:05-Movie of the Week:
"The Jackpot"
5:30-Animal World
6:00-Dateline
6:30-Mayberry R. F. D.
6:55-News In Spanish
7:05-The Flip Wilson Show
8:00-SCN News
8:05-Adventure Series: "The Frozen
World of Seal and Walrus"
9:00-Canal Zone Calendar
9:05-Spotlight
9:20-Armchair Theater:
"The Jackpot"
10:45--Focus On Today
11:05-Bob Cummings
THURSDAY, MARCH 25
4:00-SCN Afternoon News
4:05-Dennis Day Show
4:30-Afternoon with Uncle Bob


Burton L. Powell, general foreman (salvage and diving), Industrial Division
Diving School at Gatun, is shown inside the recompression chamber where
he recently treated a lock operator, who suffered a case of the "bends,"
or decompression sickness, while working in the Gatun Locks overhaul.


5:05-Movie of the Week:
"The Jackpot"
5:30-Report
6:00-Dateline
6:30-Report
6:55-News In Spanish
7:05-The Jim Nabors Hour
8:00-SCN News
8:05-The Lloyd Bridges Show
8:30-Room 222
9:00- Canal Zone Calendar
9:05-Richard Diamond
9:30-The Dick Cavett Show
10:10-Focus on Today
11:00-The Flying Fisherman
FRIDAY, MARCH 26
4:00-SCN Afternoon News
4:05-As It Happened
4:30-Afternoon, with Uncle Bob
5:05-Movie of the Week:
"The Jackpot"
5:30-Report
6:00-Dateline
6:30-The Joey Bishop Show
6:55-News In Spanish
7:05-The Glen Campbell Goodtime
Hour
8:00--SCN News
8:05-Burke's Law
9:00-Canal Zone Calendar
9:05-Armchair Theater:
"The Magic Box"
10:45-Focus on Today
11:05-As It Happened



BLOOD BANK


HONOR ROLL

-GORGAS HOSPITAL_

CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Jose M. Arauiz
Edward V. Dolan
Sylvia Goldman
Paul J. Jeffries
Mario Pinder
Lohrland Rail

ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Roan F. Callender
W. B. Fall
Ernesto Gittens
C. H. Harrill
Norberto Herrera L.
William Hill
Inez R. I'lund
Philip Joseph
Joselyn D. Lynch
David Miller
Charles R. Stevens
Carlos Stewart
Arnulfo Velisquez

SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Clayton J. Auble
George Chambers
Stanford M. Clement
Isabel Harrison
Harry A. Smith

HEALTH BUREAU
Mary M. Keller
Alvin B. Kenton
Albert Minott
Angel Molinar
Mary C. Robertson

PERSONNEL BUREAU
Ray C. Burda
William D. Young

OFFICE OF THE
COMPTROLLER
James E. Henderson

MARINE BUREAU
Euclides Berrios
David A. Fall
H6ctor Gardner
Octavio Johnson
Vinsla Pomare
Genaro Valdes

TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Samuel H. Atkins
Wilfred Barrow
Mario Carvajal
Anastasio Charris
Jose F. Edwards
Melville Edwards
Carlos C. J. Janniere
Francisco F. B. Mastre
Lionel A. McDonald
Kenneth R. Pickering
Eugene T. Schill
Belisario Robinson
Fernando Vables
Facundo Vergara

OTHERS
Stephen Anderson
Carlos Alberto Bieberach
Leroy Grimes
Neville Simons


Page 2


I


Fl


1


11







March 19, 1971


THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


A tall tale much circulated during
the 1920's was that as the earth
revolved on its axis, it needed oil to
lubricate the bearings and since men
were punching holes in it and ex-
tracting the oil put there for this
purpose it was beginning to creak
and groan and this was causing
earthquakes. The dire prediction
was that if the oil companies didn't
stop digging oil wells the earth was
going to stop rotating due to lack of
oil for the bearings.
This tale was told in jest but from
earliest history men speculated as to
the cause of earthquakes and many
theories were advanced before sci-
entific knowledge was available.
Some insisted that giant tortoises,
moles, hogs, or whales lived deep
inside the earth and their restless
movements brought on the tremors.
The Hindus, at one time, maintained
that the earth was supported on
the backs of elephants and shakes,
could, of course, be expected.
We now know that earthquakes
may be caused by a number of
things. The movement of a train, the
jolt from a landslide, a dynamite ex-
plosion or heavy thunder may pro-
duce a miniature local earthquake
but the so-called seismic disturb-
ances, like the ones that occurred
here January 19 and 20, are usually
caused by a slipping or settlement at
fault lines in the earth rocks due to
overstressing at some locality of the
earth's surfaces.
A fault is a fracture in the earth's
crust accompanied by a displace-
ment of one side of the fracture with
respect to the other in a direction
parallel to the fracture. Places sub-
ject to earthquakes have usually had
many periods of seismic activity in
the past which have resulted in these
deep vertical faults. Some of these
fractures may be traced for many
miles. In California the San Andreas
Fault, recently well publicized in the
calypso song, "Day by Day," reaches
from the Gulf of California to the
coast north of San Francisco. Seis-
mic instruments have been set up
along this fault in an effort to obtain
understanding of the rate of strain
accumulation and what signals, if
any, precede a major shock. Studies
of continental drift, the interaction
between the earth's rotation and
seismic activity, and other funda-
mental studies are being carried out
in an attempt to better understand
earthquakes.
There is, as yet, no way to predict
where and when an earthquake will
occur. Still, people in areas where
there are frequent tremors are often
heard to say such things as "it is
perfect earthquake weather" when
the sky appears hazy even though
all available evidence indicates that
there is no connection between
weather and earthquakes.
An earthquake may be caused
also by the sudden eruption of a vol-
cano which sets up earth vibrations.
In this case, the earthquake shocks
usually precede the actual erup-
tion. The biggest quakes, however,
are not accompanied by volcanic
action.
The first indication of a heavy
earthquake is usually a distant sub-
terranean thunder that seems to
come from directly under one's feet.
In a second or two, the ground
swells into a low ridge moving like
a wave on the sea. Some people are


* .y


i i


F,,


I..u ~
'II' u l


The long irregular lines at bottom of this seismogram
were caused by the earthquake that occurred on the


affected by nausea, like seasick-
ness. Ponds of water may disappear
and disagreeable earth odors may
be noticed.
The source of an earthquake
shock may be miles below the sur-
face of the earth. The motion is
transmitted longitudinally and trans-
versely in waves like those of sound
and light. The speed of the move-
ment of these waves will vary as they
move away from the source, called
the "epicenter," according to the
elasticity and density of the rocks it
passes through, varying from a
few hundred feet a second to as high
as 5 miles a second. The waves move
slower and get further apart the
farther they get away from the
source. The quake is less violent the
farther one gets from the epicenter
although the markings of the seis-
mic instruments may show plainly
many thousands of miles away.
A small room in one corner of the


Isthmus, January 19. Lines at top show the pattern of
ordinary everyday vibrations.


basement of the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights provides
local information about earthquakes
which occur in this part of the world.
The sensitive equipment there is a
part of a global earthquake record-
ing network spanning six continents
and including a total of 125 stations
in 65 nations and islands.
Here, by using several seismo-
graphic instruments placed in proper
geographical relationship to the
earth, the various vibrations coming
from an earthquake are recorded
simultaneously. Using these record-
ings the seismologist then is able to
determine the direction from which
the vibrations came, the distance
they have traveled before reaching
the seismograph, and the severity of
the earthquake at it's point of
origin. By comparing data from a
number of different locations, much
more extensive information can be
accumulated.


Kenneth NI. Jorgensen, who acts as seismologist for thie Canal organization,
analyzes tihe seismological data recorded on the seismograph at Balboa
Heights during tile January 19 earthquake.


Small tremors or after shocks
usually follow an earthquake. One
such shock was felt on the Isthmus
January 27 a week after the heavier
quake which had registered between
5 and 5.5 on the Richter scale. The
after shocks often cause renewed
anxiety and people begin anticipat-
ing another heavy quake.
After the earthquake of Septem-
Ier 7, 1882, reported to be the worst
ever to occur on the Isthmus, many
people began standing several nar-
row\\ neck bottles upside down on a
table every night before they went
to bed so that the slightest shake
would upset the bottles and serve
as a kind of earthquake alarm.
Except for the 1882 earthquake,
which caused extensive damage,
Panama has been fortunate in com-
parison to her Central and South
American neighbors. Ralph Z. Kirk-
patrick, Panama Caial chief hydro-
grapher in 1923, in discussing Pan-
ama said: "Her ancient and un-
broken old Spanish Flat Arch, andt
the old masonry arched bridge and
old towers in Old Panama, standing
frangible but unbroken for over 300
years, told a reassuring story to the
practical engineers who were look-
ing for a safe site for an Isthmian
canal-better than could have the
best seismologists frbm theory. One
of the fortunate things nature did
was to put a sort of seismic safety
valve, as it were, over 100 miles
from the nearest part of the Canal,
in Panama Bay. In the general loca-
tion of the 100 fanthom depth line
in Panama Bay there seems to be
submarine palisades, running from
the west coast of Colombia along
the bedt of the occan nearly to Costa
Rica. The occasional little jolt that
is felt in Panama and the Canal
Zone is nearly always from away out
there; the saflct valve is working to
take up tile undue earth stresses
thiat haveI mounted( up a little high
since the last earth readjustmentt"
Reassuring as this is, however, the
receit'il tremors have cauisd interest
in what to do ill the case of an earth-
qulake and here are suggestions
olcered by the U.S. Environmental
Science Service Administration:


I I


What To Do

During, After

The Shaking

During the Shaking:
1. Don't panic. The motion is
frightening, but unless it shakes
something down on top of you, it is
harmless. Keep calm and ride it out.
2. If it catches you indoors, stay
indoors. Take cover under a desk,
table, bench, or in doorways, halls,
and against inside walls. Stay away
from glass.
3. Don't use candles, matches, or
other open flames, either during or
after the tremor. Douse all fires.
4. If the earthquake catches you
outside, move away from buildings
and utility wires. Once in the open,
stay there until the shaking stops.
5. Don't run through or near
buildings. The greatest danger from
falling debris is just outside door-
ways and close to outer walls.
6. If you are in a moving car,
stop as quickly as safety permits, but
stay in the vehicle. A car is an excel-
lent scismometer, and will jiggle
wildly on its springs during the
earthquake, but it is a good place to
stay until the shaking stops.
After the Shaking:
1. Check your utilities, buf do not
turn them on. Earth movement may
have cracked water, gas, and elec-
trical conduits.
2. If you smell gas, open win-
dows and shut off the main valve.
Then leave the building and report
gas leakage to authorities. Don't re-
enter the house until a utility official
savs it is safe.
3. If water pipes are damaged,
shut off the supply at the main valve.
4. If electrical wiring is shorting
out, shut off current at the main
meter box.
5. Turn on your radio or tele-
vision (if conditions permit) to get
the latest emergency bulletins and
the locations of safe shelters.
6. Stay off the telephone except
to report an emergency.
7. Don't go sightseeing.
8. Stay out of severely damaged
buildings; aftershocks can shake
them down.



SPA Offcers

To Be Installed

Next Week

Maj. Bert N. Walker, USAF,
chief of the Academic Instructor
Course at the Inter-American Air
Forces Academy at Albrook AFB,
will be the guest speaker at the So-
ciety for Personnel Administration
evening dinner meeting, March 24.
in the Roosevelt Room of the Tivoli
Guest House. "The Invisible Cur-
tain" will be the subject of the
address which will deal with inter-
cultural relations.
Cocktails will be served at 6:15,
dinner at 7, and the program will
begin at 8. Officers for the new year
will be installed at this meeting and
will take over the society's leader-
ship at the next regular meeting in
April. The new officers are Irving
Russell, president; Thonmas Mc-
Manus, vice president; and Miss Na-
tividad PrNrez, secretary-treasurer.
The deadline for reservations is
Monday, March 22. Reservations
and tickets are available froin Miss
Enid Sullivan and Mrs. Loretta ILim,
NMilitary 85-6112 or 85-2125; or
Miss Catalina Tosoni, 2-3057 or
2-2330 or from thle present officers
of the clul). The cost per person is
53.25 plus a piay-as-yoli-go liar.


Page 3


i %i
i


i


I


-~j~












lii'


Capt. Robert 0. Mink, Panama Canal Marine Director, right, congratulates
Capt. William T. Lyons, Panama Canal pilot, on his prize winning sugges-
tion which brought him a record cash award of $400.


Fog Forescasting


(Continued from p. 1)
work of weather instruments for
analyzing fog and developing a
method for forecasting it. The in-
struments are located at Gamboa,
La Pita and Pedro Miguel.
Captain Lyons' system has been
put into operation and the regular
readings from these instruments now
provide a valuable record for fore-
casting meteorological conditions in
the Cut area. Such knowledge is
helping in preventing costly ship
accidents, permitting early resched-
uling of ships to avoid potential fog
situations, and generally easing
Canal traffic.
In the past, Captain Lyons said,

"OLIVER!"
(Continued from p. 1)
included in the traditional Spring
Concert at Balboa High School.
Quinn, who has produced all
United Fund productions since
1964, will spend time in England
this Spring to absorb some of the
Dickensian atmosphere which he
will adapt to the play.
Mrs. Nancy Bums has been ap-
pointed properties chairman. Mrs.
Toni Hatchett will be wardrobe
mistress for the professional cos-
tumes which will be brought from
New York City. Joseph M. Watson
will be business manager for Oliver!


fog reports in Gaillard Cut were in
the nature of descriptions of visibil-
ity related to Marine Traffic Con-
trol by various marine personnel
and at best were educated guesses
on the part of all concerned.
The pilots themselves developed
a native weather lore something
along the line of a farmer who ex-
pects a thunderstorm because his
cows are restless. He said in his sug-
gestion that since most signs have a
scientific basis, it would seem that
the operation of the Panama Canal
warranted a more detailed meteoro-
logical system of studying and fore-
casting fog.
The Panama Canal Meteorologi-
cal and Hydrographic Branch are
now finding the answers through this
system of accurate reports to a numn-
ber of questions including the fre-
quency, duration and intensity of
fog in the Cut during all months of
the year. Also, the studies now
underway are determining the most
useful piece of meteorological data
for making forecasts.
Computer analysis of the data so
far gathered, points to air pressure
change as the best indication of
when fog will form in the Cut with-
in a 6-hour period.
The study of fog in Gaillard Cut
and a search for methods of dissi-
pating it has been a part of the Pan-
ama Canal improvement program.


THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


.5


Calling on Lt. Gov. R. S. Hartline and inviting him to of the Abou Saad Temple. Included in the admission
"Spring Fever," which will be presented at the Balboa price of $1 is the film "Treasure of the Sierra Madre"
Theater at 7:30 p.m., March 23, are some participants with Humphrey Bogart and Walter Huston, which will
in the show. Performing along with the Canal Zone be shown at the conclusion of the stage presentation.
Dance Theater will be children from the dance schools Left to right are: Dan Harned, Potentate of Abou Saad
at the YMCA, Balboa, Fort Clayton, and Paraiso who Temple; Mrs. Fay de Ferguson, director of the show;
will appear in the production number, "A Dance Adven- Eartha King; Lieutenant Governor Hartline; Valeria
ture with Mr. Poppins." Proceeds from the show will Figueroa, and Pam Mitchell.
go to the Shriner's Crippled Children's Hospital Fund


March 19, 1971


Medical Wives

To Elect New

OFficers
MARU and Corgas Memorial
Laboratory wives of the Canal Zone
Medical Wives Society will host a
brunch at their regular monthly
meeting at 9:30 a.m., April 1, at the
Fort Clayton Officers' Club. The
chairman of the brunch has an-
nounced that election of officers will
be held during the meeting.
A highlight of the special program
will be a lecture and slide presenta-
tion on Huacas by Neville Harte,
well known local archaeologist.
Harte will display his famous repro-
ductions and his book, "The Golden
Huaca" will be sold as well as some
of his gold reproductions, at the
meeting.
Reservations or cancellations must
be made with the unit representa-
tives by March 30.
The cookbook "La Cocina de Pa-
nama," a joint project of the Canal
Zone and Panama Medical Wives
Societies, will be on sale at the side
entrance of Balboa Retail Store on
March 30 from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Cost of the cookbook is $3 and pro-
ceeds from the sale of the book will
go to charity projects sponsored by
the societies.
The Canal Zone Medical Wives'
Society reminds those who are ap-
plying for its Canal Zone College
scholarship that deadline for sub-
mitting the application to the Assist-
ant Dean of the College is April 1.
Mrs. Delmar Posey, scholarship
chairman, has requested that stu-
dents interested in pursuing a career
in medical fields apply for the schol-
arship. Applications are available in
the administration office of the
Canal Zone College.

CAYUCO RACE
(Continued from p. 1)
crowned as the 1971. Ocean-to-
Ocean Cayuco Race Queen.
A trophy will be presented to the
first place boat and pennants to crew
members of the first four cayucos.
Members of the first, second, and
third place boats will receive medals
also.
All crew members, including
those in "patch" boats, will receive
race emblems. Patch boats do not
compete for awards but qualify the
crew members to wear the Cayuco
Race Patch on their uniforms.


PERMANENT POSITIONS
Base Rate
Assistant Bakery Products Plant Manager, NM-8 ----- $8,902.40
Clerk-Typist, NM-3/41 -----------$4,222.40/$5,886.40
Clinical Nurse, NM-5/7 ------------- $7,404.80/$8,299.20
Conductor (Road and Yard) ------ --- $4.37/$4.59
Dietetic Aid, NM-4 --------------- $5,886.40
Distribution Window Clerk/Substitute, PS-51
(Part-Time NTE 30 hours week) --- ---_----- $3.21
General Claims Examiner, NM-5/9 --- -- $6,572.80/$9,796.80
Guard, NM-3 (Male) --------- ----- $4.222.40
Lead Foreman Salvage and Diving, MS-3/10 --- --- ..$4.61
Librarian, NM-7 ---------- -------- $8,070.40
Liquid Fuels Wharfman, MG-8 ------------ $2.16
Locomotive Engineer (Road and Yard) ----------$4.37/$4.71
Machinist (Maintenance), MG-10 ----- --- -- $3.71
Passenger Rate Assistant, NM-6 ---_ --- --- $7,259.20
Purchasing Agent, NM-7 ----------- $8,070.40
Reporting Stenographer, NM-61 -,$7,----5$7,259.20
Sailmaker, MG-9 --------------------------_ $3.55
Supervisory Architect, NM-13 --- ---- --- $17,761.00
Spectacle Lens Surfacer (Limited), MG-8 --- ___- $2.16
Training Instructor (Conversational Spanish), NM-5/7
(Part-Time NTE 30 hturs week) ---- ---- .$3.16/$3.88
Winchman, MG-8 (Intermittent) ----------------- _..$2.16
TEMPORARY POSITIONS
Brakeman, MG-7 (NTE 1 year) -------------- $1.82
Clinic Clerk, NM-3 (NTE 1 year) ---------- $4,222.40
Fabric Worker, MG-7 (NTE 1 year) ___-------- $1.82
File Clerk, NM-2 (NTE 1 year) ------------ $3,390.40
Helper General, MG-5 (NTE 1 year) -----------$1.74
Laborer (Cleaner), MG-1 (NTE 1 year) ---------- $1.60
Laborer, MG-2 (NTE 1 year) --- ---------------$1.63
Laborer (Heavy), MG-3 (English required) (NTE 1 year) -- $1.66
Train Baggageman, MG-7 (NTE 1 year) _------ -- $1.82
Truckdriver, MG-6 (NTE 1 year) ___----__ $1.78
Welder, MG-10 (NTE 1 year) _-_-_-_ ___-__ _-$3.71


Lo-
Bureau or ca-
Division tion
Supply A
Navigation A
Coco Solo Hos. A
Railroad P
Coco Solo Hos. A

Postal A
Comptroller 'P
Police P
Industrial A
Lib.-Museum P
Terminals P
Railroad A
Industrial A
Adm. Serv. P
Industrial A
*Navigation P
Industrial A
Engineering P
Supply P
Personnel A
Terminals P

Railroad P
Gorgas Hos. P
Terminals A
Coco Solo Hos. A
Industrial A
Com. Serv. A-P
Industrial A
Electrical A
Railroad A
Storehouses A-P
Motor Trans. A


Application must be submitted on Form 433, APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER. A separate aipli-
cation must be submitted for each job listed. When applying for more than one position, indi-
cate 1st choice, 2d choice, etc. New listings are shown in boldface type. The base rates shown
will be increased for U.S. citizens by the appropriate differential plus a tax factor where appli-
cable. 1 Indicates a written test requirement. Signifies a security position to be filled only by
a U.S. citizen. Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch,
telephones 2-1221, 2-3618, or 3-1288. Employing officials should not be contacted directly.



President Designates


March Red Cross Month


President Richard M. Nixon has
designated March as Red Cross
Month and urges Federal employees
and members of the Armed Forces
to support the Red Cross through
their contributions to the national
fund goal and to give their services
as volunteers and as blood donors.
In his memorandum, the Pres-
ident stated: "As President of the
United States and Honorary Chair-
man of the American National Red
Cross, I extended my personal sup-
port to the vital humanitarian activi-
ties of the Red Cross. I know that
you as citizens and leaders will want
to do likewise."
He noted that "recent efforts of
the Red Cross have brought relief
to victims of Hurricane Celia and of
flooding in Puerto Rico. Around the
world the Red Cross has helped
American servicemen in Vietnam
and 29 other countries; has taken a

Some people spend more time
arranging the hair on their heads
than their brains.


leading role in urging adherence to
the Geneva conventions in the treat-
ment of American prisoners of war
in North Vietnam; and has minis-
tered to refugees from the civil strife
in Jordan and from East Pakistan's
catastrophic cyclone. It adds up to
a titanic achievement in easing
human suffering, and summons all
of us in the Federal Government to
set an example for the Nation with
an outpouring of support during
March."


YOUTH COUNCIL
(Continued from p. 1)

night, a "Penny Arcade" with a pool
table and pin-ball machines, and a
"chuck wagon" eatery staffed by
students who cook and serve.
Admission to dances with one
band is 50 cents and when two
bands are scheduled admission is $1.
Other Canal Zone youth centers
are operated in Paraiso and Mar-
garita.


Page 4


"The name is familiar," says Mrs. Maurice Minskoff, selective service clerk,
smiling as she registers Jerome Gary, her son, who became 18 on Feb-
ruary 26. Jerome's father is a construction inspector at Howard AFB.


CANAL ZONE GOVERNMENT-PANAMA CANAL COMPANY
PERSONNEL BUREAU

In-Service Employee Transfer-Vacancy Bulletin






9,9 / 5o


EL CANAL DE PANAMA





Spillway y


Vol. IX, No. 40 Mds de 56 Aios al Servicio del Comercio Mundial Viernes 19 de Marzo de 1971


El Cap. W T. Lyons Gana


Un Premio por Sugerencia


Un certificado de premio de esti-
mulo y un cheque por $400 fueron
entregados el lunes al Capitan Wil-
liam T. Lyons, practice del Canal
de Panama (foto en la secci6n in-
glesa), por su sugerencia de que se
estudie la factibilidad de pronosti-
car la niebla en el Corte Caillard y
sus vecindades.
Este certificado y premio en efec-
tivo, el mas grande entregado a un
empleado desde que el program de
sugerencias fue reorganizado en
octubre de 1969, fue entregado al
CapitAn Lyons por el Capitan Ro-
bert 0. Mink, USN, Director de
Marina del Canal de PanamA en una
ceremonia especial que tuvo lugar
en la oficina de este u6timo, en Bal-
boa Heights.
La sugerencia que le mereci6 el
premio al Capitan Lyons recomien-
da que se establezca una red de
aparatos meteorol6gicos para anali-
zar la niebla y se desarrolle un me-
todo para pronosticarla. Los instru-
mentos estAn localizados en Gam-
boa, en La Pita y en Pedro Miguel.
El sistema del Capitaln Lyons ha
comenzado a operar y las lectures
regulars de los aparatos propor-
cionan actualmente una valiosa in-
formaci6n que sirve para pronosti-
car las condiciones meteorol6gicas
en el Area del Corte Gaillard. Tal
informaci6n ayuda a evitar costosos
accidents a las naves, permitiendo
que se cambie a tiempo el horario
de los transitos de las naves y evitar
asi que los barcos se encuentren en-
vueltos en la niebla, con lo que se
facility el trafico por el Canal en
general.
En el pasado, dijo el CapitAn
Lyons, los informes sobre niebla en
el Corte Gaillard Ilegaban en la for-
ma de descripciones de visibilidad
dadas al TrAfico de Control Mari-
timo por los diferentes empleados
de marina y que, en el mejor de los
casos, eran simples suposiciones de
los que las transmitian.


Los practieos desarrollaron su
propio sistema de pron6sticos mc-
teorol6gicos, algo al estilo del de
los agricultores que esperan tor-
menta cuando sus vacas estain in-
quietas. Dijo en su sugerencia, que
puesto que todas las sefiales tienen
su base cientifica, es 16gico que la
operaci6n del Canal de Panama re-
quiere un sistema meteorol6gico
mais detallado para estudiar y pro-
nosticar las nieblas.
El Ramo de Meteorologia e Hi-
drografia del Canal de Panamai se
encuentra actualmente encontrando,
por medio de este sistema de infor-
mes precisos, la respuesta a una can-
tidad de preguntas que incluyen la
frecuencia, duracion e intensidad de
las nieblas que se presentan en el
Corte durante todos los meses del
anio. Ademas, los studios que se
llevan a cabo en estos moments de-
tenninan cuales son los informes me-
teorol6gicos mas fitiles para el pro-
n6stico de la niebla.
El anlisis, por medio del conm-
putador, de los informs hasta ahora
recogidos, sefiala los cambios en la
presi6n del aire como la mejor indi-
caci6n de que, en un period de 6
horas, se formara niebla en el Corte.
El studio de las nieblas en el
Corte Gaillard y la b6squeda de m6-
todos para disiparla han sido parte
del program de mejoras del Canal
de PanamA.


lI


La Ing. Siegelinde Probst, hidr61loga en la Divisi6n de
Ingenieria del Canal de PanamA, aparece junto con pro-
fesionales de la ingenieria de PanamA y funcionarios
del Canal, a bordo de la lancha "Las Cruces", durante
la gira de inspecci6n por el Corte Gaillard que hicieron,
el siabado 13 de marzo, los miembros de la Sociedad
Panamefia de Ingenieros y Arquitectos en uni6n de sus
colegas de la Zona del Canal. De izquierda a derecha:


I'


Arquitecto Arturo L6pez W., Coronel Charles R. Clark,
Director de Ingenieria y Construcci6n del Canal de
Panama; Ingeniero Jorge Luis Quir6s, Presidente de la
Sociedad Panamefia de Ingenieros y Arquitectos; la
Ingeniero Probst; Frank A. Baldwin, Director de In-
formaci6n del Canal de PanamA; y Robert H. Stewart,
ge6logo de la Divisi6n de Ingenieria del Canal de
PanamA.


Oliver Sera Ila Produccin


Del Fondo Unido en Agosto AiL


iOliver!, la producci6n del Fondo
Unido de la Zona del Canal ser't
puesta en escena del 6 al 21 de
agosto, con el fin de permitir a los
empleados del Canal de PanamrA
que regresen de vacaciones, gozar


TIL

.- -- r--. . -. -.-- K s, .::,.-
La reunion de trabajo del Consejo Juvenil de la Zona del Canal para el
Vag6n de Cerveza del Ferrocarril result todo un 6xito el pasado fin de
semana, cuando 50 j6venes participaron en la renovaci6n de dos vagones
de ferrocarril. Otra reuni6n dc trabajo estA sefialada para mafiana de 9 a.m.
a 3 p.m. HIabra sodas gratis. Todo el mundo es bien recibido y se alienta a
todos a participar en todas las actividades patrocinadas por el Consejo
Juvenile de la Zona del Canal.


de esta obra que seri producida y
dirigida por Bruce Quinn.
Las pruebas para escoger el elen-
co de 40, que exige parties para 19
nifios y 94 papeles, de este 6xito mu-
sical que es una adaptaci6n de la
obra maestra de Charles Dickens,
se llcvarin a efecto del 14 al 18 de
junio. Actualmente se estai Ilevando
a cabo una brisqueda para encontrar
al jovencito que representarA el pa-
pel de Oliverio Twist, el pequefio y
agradable nifio de Londres que se
ha robado los corazones de millones
de personas, desde que Dickens
cre6 ese personaje en el siglo XIX.
En su bisqueda de talent, Quinn
ha visitado varias escuelas y grupos
de actividades juveniles, animando
a los j6venes a tomar part en esta
producci6n que es ima mezela de
melodrama y de realidad.
La coreografia de la producci6n
estara a cargo dc Vera Bomford,
quien aportarA su extensa experien-
cia professional en el teatro de Lon-
dres para presentar una vision muy
apropiada de los usos de la era de
Dickens en Inglaterra. Esta sera la
tercera vez en que la Srta. Bomford
se encargue de la coreografia de una
producci6n dcl Fondo Unido. Ante-
riormente, se encarg6 de la coreo-
grafia de la inolvidable iOklahoma!,
(Contin6a en la pdgina 4)


Habra Desfile
De Modas en

Rainbow City
Un gran desfile de modas y un t6
dc gala serAn las actividades que
Ilevanr a cabo la Iglesia Cat6lica
San Vicente de Rainbow City, el
domingo 11 de abril, Domingo deo
Pascua de Resurreecion.
Este event social de altura ten-
drat ligar en el gimnasio de la Es-
(Continua en la pdgina 4)


El Sargento Earl Wrcnn, a la izquierda, y el bombero Jasper J. Richards,
del Cuartel de Bomberos de Gatun, sostienen un pastel de agradecimiento
enviado al cartel por Tracy Hall, hijo de Thomas L. Hall y Sra., de Gat6n.
Tracy fue golpeado por un autom6vil y antes de la Ilegada de la ambulancia
quo lo llev6 al Hospital de Coco Solo, recibi6 tratamiento por el golpe y le
administraron oxigeno los miembros de la compafila de Gatu6n, Sargento
Cdsar A. Falconette, Carlos Machado (conductor de vehiculos) y los bom-
beros Carlos Diaz y Richards, el inico de los cuatro que estaba en el cuar-
tel cuando fue entregado cl pastel. Tracy, de 7 afios de edad, envi6 tambidn
una nota quc decia: "Gracias por haberme cuidado hasta que lleg6 la
ambulancia. Con carifio, Tracy Hall."



Aumento de 4 Por Ciento


Recibiran los Jubilados


Los empleados del Gobierno de
Estados Unidos que se jubilen antes
del 19 de junio, y aquellos quc ya se
hayan jubilado, recibirin un aumen-
to en sus pensiones de por lo mcnos
4 por ciento, si el Indice de Precios
al Consumidor para febrero y marzo
aumnenta en 3 por ciento o mans,
como sucedi6 en enero.
Dicho aumento se pagara de
acuerdo con la Ley de Jubilacien
del Servicio Civil queorrdena el
aumcnto automlitico de las pensio-
nes del servicio civil siempre que el
cost de la vida, en escala national,


aiiumente por lo menos en 3 por cien-
to sobre cl rmes base del Indice de
Precios al Consumidor y permancz-
ca aIsi, por lo nenos en 3 por ciento
mis arriba, durante 3 mess conse-
cutivos.
Encro de 1971 fuc el primer lines,
desde mayo de 1970, el d ltimo mes
base, en que ese porcentaje subio
por lo inenos en on 3 por ciento. El
indice subi6 3.0 por ciento en el
primer mes de este afio.
Si el ininento del porcentaje con-
linua permaneciendo por lo menos
(Continua en la pdgina 4)









SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


Marzo 19, 1971


JOficta
9ente en la otca


























^^ n





^A^V


Eduardo Javier Amado Garcia es
uno de los ayudantes estudiantiles
que prestan servicio durante sus va-
caciones escolares en diferentes de-
pendencias del Canal de PanamA.
Ha sido asignado a las oficinas prin-
cipales de la Divisi6n de Transporte
a Motor en Anc6n y alli realize tra-
bajos generals de contabilidad.
Dice que antes de venir a trabajar
al Canal sentia temor pues creia que
encontraria un ambiente completa-
mente extrafio. "A los pocos dias de
haber entrado, me senti como en mi
casa", dice, "todos son magnificas
personas, y muy buenos compaiieros
de trabajo y con ello me haccn que
rinda lo miximo en las laborers que
se me asignan". Por otra parte,
Michael A. Shan, uno de los ofici-
nistas que prestan servicios en el
lugar y el que trabaja mis cerca de
Amado, lo mismo que los demas
compafieros, se expresan muy bien
de la eficiencia y el comportamiento
del joven ayudante estudiantil.
Amado reside junto con su madre,
Sra. Elvira Maria Garcia, en uno de
los multifamiliares del Instituto de
Vivienda y Urbanismo de PanamA,
que estin situados en el sector de
Villa Guadalupe de la ciudad de
Panama. Naci6 en esta ciudad el
19 de abril de 1952. Sus studios
de primaria los curs6 en la Escue-
la Octavio Mindez Pereira, que
funciona en Calle 16 Oeste, frente
al campo de juegos de Santa Rita.
Los 3 primeros aiios de secunda-


PROGRAM


DEL


CANAL 4


Sujeto a cambios sin
previo aviso
*


MIERCOLES
10:30-La Novela Matinal
ll:00-Cartones
ll:15-El Retorno del
Llanero Solitario
11:45-Corsarios y Filibusteros
12:00-Sorteo del Miercolito
12:15-C6micos y Canciones
1:00-Informative del
Mediodia
1:30-Telenovela
2:30-Cine Hogar
4:00-El Mundo de
Cesar Romero
4:30-Telenovela
5:30-Infantil
6:30-Telenoticias
7:30-El Mundo Joven de
Jos6 Jos6
8:00-TelenoveIa
9:00-Telenovela
10:00-Vendetta
11:00-Los Vengadores


ria los hizo en el Colegio Jose Do-
lores Moscote y los filtimos, hasta
graduarse, en el Colegio Richard
Neumann, situado dentro del com-
plejo educative del Barrio de Patilla
en la ciudad de Panama. Eduardo
Amado tiene varias aspiraciones ac-
tualmente. La primera e inmediata,
entrar al program de aprendices
de la Direcci6n de Personal del Ca-
nal de PanamA. Los oficios que mis
le atraen son electricidad, repara-
ci6n de centrales telef6nicas y me-
cinica automotriz. Pero su maxima
aspiraci6n es obtener un titulo uni-
versitario en administraci6n de ne-
gocios o en ingenieria quimica.
Amado es secretario de prensa y
propaganda del Club Social y De-
portivo Oscar Carrasco, entidad que
se dedica a impulsar la practice de
toda clase de deportes entire los j6-
venes de las afueras de la ciudad de
PanamA. Antes de venir a prestar
servicios en calidad de ayudante es-
tudiantil en el Canal de PanamA,
Amado trabaj6 con la Panama Agen-
cies, agencia naviera de la ciudad
de PanamA. Tambi6n, durante los
XI Juegos Centroamericanos y del
Caribe, prest6 servicios como asis-
tente en las reuniones del Congreso
de la Organizaci6n Deportiva Cen-
troamericana y del Caribe. "Me sen-
ti entonces sumamente orgulloso de
saber que en PanamA tenian lugar
reuniones de esa categoria". Muy
amante de los deportes acuiticos, le
encanta la Isla de Taboga.


DOMINGO
8:30-C6micas
8:45-Documental
9:15-Santa Misa
10:00-Todo por la Patria
12:00-Loteria
12:30-Carrousel Internacional
1:30-Domingo Deportivo
5:30-Tarzan y Super-Acci6n
7:00-Bonanza
8:00-F.B.I.
9:00-Hawaii Cinco Cero
10:00-Luces, CAmara, Acci6n


JUEVES
10:30-La Novela Matinal
11l:00-Cartones
11:15-El Retorno del
Llanero Solitario
11:45-Corsarios y Filibusteros
12:15-Jueves Estelares
1:00-Informativo del
Mediodia
1:30-Telenovela
2:30-Cine Hogar
4:00-El Mundo de
Cesar Romero
4:30-Telenovela
5:30-Infantil
6:30-Telenoticias
7:30-La Cosquilla
8:00-Telenovela
9:00-Telenovela
10:00-Marcus Welby
ll:00-Los Vengadores


LUNES
10:30-La Novela Matinal
11:0)0-Cartones
11:15-El Retorno del
Llanero Solitario
11:45-Corsarios y Filibusteros
12:15-Variedades
1:00-Informativo del
Mediodia
1:30-Telenovela
2:30-CineHogar
4:00-El1 Mundo de
C6sar Romero
4:30-Telenovela
5:30-Infantil
6:30-Telenoticias
7:30-La Criada Bien Criada
8:00-Telenovela
9:00-Telenovela
10):00-El Diablo se Divierte
11:00-Los Vengadores
VIERNES
10:30-La Novela Matinal
ll:00-Cartones
ll:15-El Retorno del
Llanero Solitario
1 l:45-Corsarios y Filibusteros
12:15-Hoy
1:00-Infonnativo del
Mediodia
1:30-Telenovela
2:30-Cine Hogar
4:00-E1 Mundo de
Cesar Romero
4:30-Telenovela
5:30-Infantil
6:30-Telenoticias
8:00-Telenovela
9:00-Telenovela
10:00-La Ley del Rev6lver
11:00-La Hora Cero


PROGRAM A


DEL


CANAL 2


Sujeto a cambios sin
previo aviso




MIERCOLES
11:15-Carnaval de Cartones
11:30-Los Picapiedras
12:00-Suerte y Alegria
12:30-Tras la Noticia
1:00-El Show de la Una
2:00-Boris Karloff Presenta
3:00-El Buen Pastor
4:00-El Hombre de Cipol
5:00-Mama y sus Increibles
Hijos
6:00-La Tremenda Corte
6:30-Tevedos Informa
7:30-El Show de
Mauricio Garc6s
8:30-El Precio de la Fama
9:30-Ironside
10:30-Ultimas Noticias
11:00-Alfred Hitchcock
Present


En Su


Pan talla


Desde el 19 hasta el 26 de
Marzo de 1971

PARAISO
Viernes-CERRADO
Sibado-Oh! What A Lovely War (G) y
Five Card Stud (G)
Domingo-Kelly's Heroes (GP)
Lunes-Kelly's Heroes (GP)
Martes-CERRADO
MiBrcoles-Stiletto (B) y
Alfred The Great (GP)
Jueves-Never A Dull Moment (G)
Viernes-CERRADO
SANTA CRUZ
Viernes-Ohl What A Lovely War (G) y
Five Card Stud (G)
Sahado-CERRADO
Domingo-. . tick . tick . tick (GP)
Lunes-Stiletto (R) y
Alfred The Great (GP)
Martes-Never A Dull Moment (G)
Mi6rcoles-Doctor Terror's House Of
Horrors (GP)
Jueves-CERRADO
Viernes-Man Of The West (G) y
Operation Kid Brother (G)
RAINBOW CITY
Viernes, 10:00 pm.-Dracula Has Risen
From The Grave (GP)
Sabado-Jack The Giant Killer (G) y
War Hunt (G)
Domingo-El Golfo (G)
Lunes-El Golfo (G)
Martes-Ch6 (GP)
Miercoles-CERRADO
Jueves-Corruption (R) y
The Ambushers (GP)
Viernes, 10:00 p.m.-Assault On A Queen
(G)

NOTA-Nueva clasificaci6n: (G) Entrada
general. (GP) Entrada general. Se su-
giere gaia de los padres. (R) Restrin-
gida. No se admitiri a menores de 17
afios, si no esttan acomnpanados de sus
padres o si no son graduandos de se-
cundaria. (X) No sc admitira menores
de 17 afios. SIT significa: "Con titulos
en espanol".
Todas las pelicnlas comienzan a las
7 p.m., except cuando se indica. Este
program estas sujeto a cambios sin
previo aviso.


MARTES
10:30-La Novela Matinal
1l:00-Cartones
11:15-El Retorno del
Llanero Solitario
11:45-Corsarios y Filibusteros
12:15-Do-Re-Mi
1:00-Informativo del
Mediodia
l:30-Telenovela
2:30-Cine Hogar
4:00-El Mundo de
Cesar Romero
4:30-Telenovela
5:30-Infantil
6:30-Telenoticias
7:30-La Cosquilla
8:00-Telenovela
9:00-Telenovela
10:00-Centro Medico
11:00-Los Vengadores
SABADO
10:30-Cartones
11:00-Archie y Sabrina
ll:15-El Retorno del
Llanero Solitario
12:00-Astroboy
12:30-Daniel El Travieso
1:00-Informative del
Mediodia
1:30-Gomer Pyle
2:00-Victor Martinez Blanco
4:30-Los Catedriticos del
Ritmo
5:30-El Caballo do Hierro
6:30-Telenoticias
7:3(-El Topo Gigio
8:30-E1 Detective Fantasma
9:30-Pzazz 71


DOMINGO
9:00-Hacia El Mariana
9:15-La Santa Misa
10:00-Todo por la Patria
12:00-Suerte y Alegria
12:30-Homa Mi Amor
1:00-Julia
1:30-Mi Mujer es Hechicera
2:00-Buscando Novia a PapA
2 30-Dexter
3:00-Los Invencibles
4:30-El Zorro
5:00-El Gran Chaparral
6:00-Disneylandia
7:00-Grupo 21
7:30-El Especial
8:30-Los Poderosos
9:30-Mi Joven Defensor
10:30-El Teatro de
Manolo Fabregas


JUEVES
11:15-Carnaval de Cartones
11:30-Los Picapiedras
12:00-Los Monstruos
12:30-Tras la Noticia
1:00-El Show de Ia Una
2:00-Boris Karloff Presenta
3:00-El Buen Pastor
4:00-El Hombre de Cipol
5:00-Spiderman
5:30-Mar Ins6lito
6:00-La Tremenda Corte
6:30-Tevedos Informa
7:30-Los Internos
8:30-Cine de Oro
10:30-Ultimas Noticias
11 :00-Alfred Hitchcock
Present


LUNES
11:15-Carnaval de Cartones
11:30-Los Picapiedras
12:00-Los Monstruos
12:30-Tras la Noticia
1:00-El Show de la Una
2:00-Boris Karloff Presenta
3:00-El Buen Pastor
4:00-El Hombre de Cipol
5:00-Halcones del Espacio
5:30-Reino Salvaje
6:00-La Tremenda Corte
6:30-Tevedos Informa
7:30-Los Beverly de
Peraldillo
8:30-Misi6n Imposible
9:30-Patrulla Juvenil
10:30-Ultimas Noticias
11:00-Alfred Hitchcock
Present


VIERNES
11:15-Carnaval de Cartones
11:30-Los Picapiedras
12:00-Los Monstruos
12:30-Tras la Noticia
1:00-El Show de la Una
2:00-Boris Karloff Presenta
3:00-El Buen Pastor
4:0(0-El Hombre de Cipol
5:00-Festival Loopy
5:30-El Correcaminos
6:00-La Tremenda Corte
6:30-Tevedos Informa
7:30-E1 Show de
Andy Williams
8:30-Los Atrevidos
9:30-Mannix
10:30-Ultimas Noticias
11:00-Alfred Hitchcock
Present


SPILLWAY
Publicaci6n official del Canal de Pa-
nama. Se autoriza la reproducci6n ya
fuere verbal o escrita de cualquier cr6-
nica o noticia aqui aparecida, sin
necesidad de solicitud express.
DAVID S. PARKER
Gobernador de la Zona del Canal
R. S. HARTLINE
Vicegobernador
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Jefe de la Oficina de Informacidn
La informaci6n que se deseare publi-
car en el SPILLWAY debe ser enviada
a la oficina del Jefe de Prensa. Dirigir
la correspondencia a PANAMA CANAL
SPILLWAY, Apartado M, Balboa, Zona
del Canal.
Distribuci6n gratuita a todos los
empleados del Canal de PanamA.
Valor de la subscripci6n pars otros
(incluyendo envio por correo) $2.60 al
ano. Los cheques deben hacerse pa-
gad eros al Panama Canal Company y
dirigidos a: SPILLWA Subscriptions,
Box M, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone.



Baile Clasico en


Teatro de Balboa
Hermelinda Fuentes, la gran bai-
larina clasica de Pedro Miguel, sera
la gran atracci6n del espectaculo
que el Teatro de Danzas presentara
el 23 de marzo en el Teatro de
Balboa.
Bailara con IvAn Montes la va-
riacion "Un Hombre y Una Mujer".
AdemAs se proyectarai la pelicula
"El Tesoro de la Sierra Madre". La
funci6n sera a beneficio del Hospi-
tal para Nifios Invalidos del Shrine.


MARTES
11:15-Carnaval de Cartones
11:30-Los Picapiedras
12:00-Los Monstruos
12:30-Tras la Noticia
1:00-El Show de la Una
2:00-Boris Karloff Presenta
3:00-El Buen Pastor
4:00-El Hombre de Cipol
5:00-Porky y Sus Amigos
5:30-Los Magnificos
Justicieros
6:00-La Tremenda Corte
6:30-Tevedos Informa
7:30-Agencia Cero
8:30-La Pelicula de
la Semana
10:30-Ultimas Noticias
11:00-Alfred Hitchcock
Present


SABADO
10:00-Hacia El Maiiana
10:30-De Muier a Mujer
11:30-Mis Adorables Sobrinos
12:00-Mi Mundo y
Bienvenido a El
12:30-Tras la Noticia
1:00-La Polla Musical y
Deportiva
6:00-Verdaguer
6:30-Tevedos Informa
7:30-Tierra de Gigantes
8:30-Audacia es el Juego
10:00-La Guerra Secreta
10:30-Ultimas Noticias
11:00-Cine Sibado


Anuncian Cierre


De Almacenes


Por Inventario

La secci6n de conveniencia del
Almac6n de Paraiso estari cerrada
de 7 a.m. a 10 a.m. el dia 19 de abril
y la Secci6n de Optica del Almacen
de Balboa cerrarii al mediodia del
31 de marzo, en lugar de las 5:30
p.m., con el fin de permitir que se
verifique un inventario formal, dice
un anuncio emitido por ]a Divisi6n
de Abastos.
En el sector Atlantico. la secci6n
de mercancias del Almac6n de Coco
Solo estara cerrada durante todo el
dia 31 de marzo, al igual que la
secci6n de supennercado, que oe-
rrarA el 1i de abril durante todo el
dia, para tomar inventario formal en
clichas unidades de la Divisi6n de
Abastos.
El anuncio hecho por dicha divi-
si6n anuncia que se colocarin letre-
ros que informarAn sobre dichos cie-
rres a los clients y detallarin las
horas en que ocurriran.


Maneje con Cuidado

lCuide a los Niiios!

Use mas Cortesia


Puo9uutt de Etittm


Marzo 19.-Dia de San Jos6. Fiestas patronales de la ciudad de David. Es
el dia mAs grande de la Feria de San Jose y cierran todas las empresas
oficiales y particulares de la ciudad. Por la tarde se Ileva a cabo un des-
file de carros aleg6ricos, presidido por la Reina de la Feria y adornado
por bellas sefioritas de la provincia que tiene fama por la hermosura
de sus mujeres.
Marzo 20-Ultimas presentaciones del espectAculo folkl6rico que pre-
senta el Instituto de Turismo en el area de las Ruinas de la Catedral de
Panama la Vieja. El espectaculo comienza a las 10 a.m. en punto y la
parte central del program esta a cargo del Conjunto Ritmos de Panama,
del Instituto Panamefio de Turismo, bajo la direcci6n de la Profesora
Petita Escobar. Es una actividad programada especialmente para las per-
sonas que quieran registrar en sus camaras fotograficas escenas de gran
belleza y colorido del folklore de PanamA.
Marzo 28-Domingo de Pasi6n. Ultima semana de la Cuaresma que los cris-
tianos de todo el mundo consideran como de preparaci6n inmediata para
la Semana Santa.
Abril 4-Domingo de Ramos. Comienzo de la Semana Santa. En Col6n, en
La Chorrera, en varias poblaciones del Interior, lo mismo que en ciertas
iglesias de la ciudad de Panama, se escenifica la entrada de Jesus en
Jerusalen, Ilevando en procesi6n una imagen de Jesus sobre un burrito,
por los alrecdedores del temple. En varias ocasiones "Mancha" y "Gato",
los famosos burritos de Summit han sido utilizados para esta ceremonia.
Abril 8.-Jueves Santo. Por la tarde, comienza lo que ha sido dado en Ilamar
en PanamA cl "Exodo de Semana Santa". Miles de residents de la ciudad
de Panama y de Colon, toman la Carretera Interamericana, dirigiendose
a los pueblos del Interior para pasar los l6timos dias de esta semana. Las
autoridades recomiendan tomar todas las precauciones posibles al viajar
por dicha carretera en estos dias.
Abril 9-Viernes Santo. Dia en que In Cristiandad del mundo entero conme-
mora la muerte de Jes6s en la Cruz. En todas las iglesias de la Rep6blica
de PanamA hay servicios especiales. En la poblaci6n de Pes6, en la Pro-
vincia de Herrera, a unas 165 millas al suroeste de la ciudad de PanamA,
se escenifica la Pasion en Vivo, constituyendo un especticulo sumamente
colorido y Anico en la Repiblica.


Pagina 2


--









Marzo 19, 1971


SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


Informacion Sobre Temblores


Y Normas

Una gran mentira que circul6 mu-
cho durante la d6cada del 20 fue
que, puesto que la tierra gira alre-
dedor de su eje, necesita aceite para
lubricar sus cojinetes y como los
hombres estaban haciendo agujeros
en ella y extrayendo el aceite puesto
en su interior para lubricaci6n, la
tierra habia empezado a chirriar y a
crujir, lo que estaba causando los
terremotos. La horrenda predicci6n
que so hacia era que, si las compa-
fiias petroleras no dejaban de perfo-
rar sus pozos de petr6leo, la tierra
dejaria de girar, debido a que no
poseia aceite que lubricara sus coji-
netes.
Este cuento era dicho en son de
broma, pero desde el principio de la
historic el hombre ha especulado
acerca del origen de los terremotos
y se sucedieron muchas teorias antes
de que hubiera disponible alg6n co-
nocimiento cientifico. Algunos ase-
guraban que tortugas, topos, cerdos
o ballenas gigantescos vivian dentro
de la tierra y que sus movimientos
inquietos causaban los temblores.
Hubo un tiempo en que los Hindues,
aseguraban que la tierra se sostenia
sobre los lomos de elefantes y que
por lo tanto se debia esperar sacu-
didas.
Lo que Causa un Terremoto
Nosotros sabemos ahora que los
terremotos se deben a un rnmero de
causes. El movimiento de un tren, la
sacudida de un desprendimiento de
tierra, una explosion de dinamita
o un trueno fuerte, pueden produ-
cir un terremoto local en miniature,
pero los Ilamados movimientos sis-
micos, como los que hubo aqui el 19
y 20 de enero, por lo comuin son
causados por un deslizamiento o
asentamiento en las lines de fall
en las rocas interiores de la tierra,
debido a la demasiada tension que
existe en la superficie.
Una falla es una fracture en la
corteza terrestre acompaiiada de un
desplazamiento en uno de los lados
de la fracture con respect al otro y
en una direcci6n paralela a la frac-
tura. Los lugares sujetos a terremo-
tos, por lo comuin han tenido, en el
pasado, muchos periods de activi-
dad sismica que han dado por resul-


que ueoen
tado estas falls verticals y profun-
das.
En California, la Falla San An-
dreas, que recientemente recibiO
nmucha publicidad en la canci6n ca-
lipso "Day by Day" (Dia a Dia), va
desde el Colfo de California hasta
la costa al norte de San Francisco.
Instrumentos sismograficos han sido
colocados a lo largo de esta falla en
un csfuerzo por obtener informaci6n
sobre la cantidad acumulada de ten-
si6n y que sefiales, si es que hay al-
guna, precede un sacudimiento ma-
yor. Estudios sobre el desplazamien-
to de los continents, sobre la rela-
ci6n entire la rotaci6n del planet y
la actividad sismica y sobre otros
fundamentos estin siendo Ilevados
a cabo en un intent por entender
mejor los terremotos.
No se Pueden Predecir
Sin embargo, todavia no existe
manera alguna de predecir cuAndo
y d6nde ocurrirA un terremoto. Aun-
que con much frecuencia se oye
decir, a personas que viven en luga-
res donde hay frecuentes temblores,
"es un tiempo perfect para terre-
motos", cuando el cielo aparece bru-
moso, a pesar de que toda la eviden-
cia disponible sefiala que no existe
relaci6n alguna entire el tiempo y
los temblores.
Un terremoto puede ser causado
tambien por la s6bita crupci6n de
un volcan que causa vibraciones te-
rraqueas. En casos como Aste, los
sacudimientos de la tierra, por lo
comin precedent la erupci6n. Sin
embargo, los terremotos mans gran-
des no van acompafiados de activi-
dad volcinica.
La primera indicaci6n de un fuer-
te terremoto es, generalmente, un
trueno subterrAneo distant, que pa-
rece proceder de exactamente deba-
jo de donde se encuentra la persona.
En un segundo, el suelo se hincha,
movi6ndose como las olas del mar.
Algunas personas llegan a sufrir
nauseas, lo mismo que en el mar.
Pueden desaparecer charcos de agua
y se pueden sentir olores nausea-
bundos de la tierra.
Fuente de un Terremoto
La fuente de un terremoto puede


" I m


' .. "-. El Peor Terremoto
Despu6s del terremoto del 7 de
septiembre de 1882, que se dice que
ha sido el peor que ha ocurrido en
el Istmo, muchas personas empeza-
ron a colocar botellas de cuello es-
trecho, verticalmente pero con la
Base para arriba sobre una mesa,
todas las noches antes de ir a dor-
mir, de manera que la mas pequefia
sacudida hiciera caer las botellas y
".. Ssirviera de alarma contra temblores.
Excepto por el terremoto de 1882,
que caus6 grandes dafios, Panama
ha sido afortunada, en comparacion
con sus vecinos de Centro y Sur
Amrica. Ralph Z. Kirkpatrick, hi-
dr6grafo jefe del Canal de Panama
en 1923, decia de PanamA asi: "Sut
14 antiguo e intacto Arco Chato Espa-
fiol y el viejo puente de mamposte-
ria y las antiguas torres de la Vieja
., PanamAi, que a pesar de ser fraigiles
todavia estain de pie despuo s de mis
de 300 afios, contaron una historic
tranquilizadora a los ingenieros pric-
r ticos que buscaban tin lugar seguro
para el Canal Istmico y que fue me-
jor que cualquiera otra que huibie
ran podido encontrar los sism6logos
-e n la te o ria .

VAlvula de Seguridad
Una de las cosas afortunadas que
ha naturaleza hizo fue poner uina
rara de vAlvula sismica de segu-
ridad a mrs de 100 millas de distan-
cia de la parte mais cercana del Ca-
n al, en la Bahia de Panami. En una
localizaci6n general, a lo largo de la
linca de profundidad de 100 brazas
on la Bahia de PanamlA, parece exis-
tir utin acantilado submarine que va
El ingeniero Walter Yi instala papel de fotografia altamiente sensitive en el desde la costa occidental de Colom-
sism6grafo colocado en el s6tano del Edificio de Administraci6n de Balboa bia, a lo largo del fondo del oc6ano,
Heights. casi hasta Costa Rica. Las pequefias


rl


os Seguir

star a millas de profundidad bajo
la superficie. La moci6n es transmi-
tida longitudinal y transversalmente
en ondas semejantes a las del sonido
y la luz. La velocidad de estas ondas
varia a media que se alejan de
la fuente, Ilamada "epicentro", de
acuerdo con la elasticidad y densi-
dad de las rocas por las que pasa, y
que va de unos pocos centenares de
pies por segundo hasta a 5 millas
por segundo. Las ondas van mo-
vi6ndose mis lentamente a media
que se apartan del epicentro. El te-
rremoto es menos violent mientras
mais apartado se este del epicentro,
a pesar de que los sism6grafos lo
pueden registrar claramente a miles
de millas de distancia.
Equipo Sensitivo
Un pequefio cuarto, en una esqui-
na del s6tano del Edificio de Admi-
nistraci6n en Balboa Heights, pro-
porciona la infonnaci6n local sobre
los terremotos que ocurren en esta
parte del mundo. El equipo sensiti-
vo que estal alli forma parte de una
red mundial de registros sismol6gi-
cos, que se extiende por seis conti-
nentes e incluye un total de 125 es-
taciones en 65 paises e islas.
Alli, mediante el uso de various
instruments sismogrAficos coloca-
dos en una relaci6n geografica apro-
piada con la tierra, se registra debi-
damente las diferentes vibraciones
provenientes de un terremoto. Usan-
do estos registros, el sism6logo pue-
de entonces determinar la direcci6n
de donde llegaron las vibraciones, la
distancia que recorrieron antes de
Ilegar al sism6grafo y la intensidad
de la sacudida en su punto de ori-
gen. Comparando los informes de
cierta cantidad de diferentes locali-
dades, se puede acumular una mu-
cho mais extensa informaci6n.
Temblores pequefios o sacudidas
secundarias siguen por lo comuin a
los terremotos. Una sacudida de esa
clase se sinti6 en el Istmo el 27 de
enero, 1 semana despu6s del terre-
moto mas intenso, que fue de una
intensidad entire 5 y 5.5 de la escala
Richter. Las sacudidas secundarias
por In general causan ansiedad re-
novada y la gente empieza a esperar
otro temblor fuerte.


",Esa vibmci6n as luficiente para ha-
carle perder a uno la cabexa, verdad
Mario?"


pueda hacerlo con seguridad, pero
permanezea dentro del vehiculo. Un
auto es un excelente sism6grafo y se
sacudiri violentamente durante un
terremoto, pero es un buen lugar
donde permanecer hasta que pasen
las sacudidas.
DESPUES DEL TEMBLOR
1. Verifique todos los aparatos de
la casa, pero no los ponga a funcio-
nar. La sacudida puede haber dafia-
do los conductos de gas, de agua y
de electricidad.
2. Si siente olor a gas, abra las
ventanas y cierre la vflvula prin-
cipal. Luego, salga del edificio e in-
forme el escape de gas a las autori-
dades. No vuelva a entrar al edificio
hasta que un funcionario del servi-
cio de gas le diga que puede hacerlo.
3. Si estAn dafiadas las cafierias,
corte el suministro de agua en la
vilvula principal.
4. Si existe un corto circuit en
el alambrado electrico, desconecte
la corriente en la caja principal de
conexiones.
5. Ponga el radio y la television
(si las condiciones lo permiten), para
informarse sobre los 61timos bole-
tines de urgencia y la localizaci6n
de los refugios.
6. Mantenga desocupado el tel6-
fono, a no ser que sea para informar
una emergencia.
7. No salga a ver qud es lo que
pasa.
8. Mantingase lejos de los edifi-
cios muy dafiados; las sacudidas se-
cundarias pueden derribarlos.


SPILLWAY

Subscripciones
Sus amigos y parientes pueden
suscribirse ahora al semanario
SPILLWAY del Canal de PanamA
(o usted puede hacer la subs-
cripci6n por ellos). Cuesta $2.60
al afio. Esto incluye envio por
correo regular a cualquier parte
del mundo.
Los cheques para las subscrip-
ciones deben hacerse pagaderos
al Panama Canal Company y
pueden ser enviados por correo a:
SPILLWAY Subscriptions
Box M
Balboa Heights,
Canal Zone
No deje de incluir, bien escri-
to, el nombre y la direcci6n de la
persona a la cual el SPILLWAY
debe ser enviado.


Pagina 3


El ingeniero Walter Yi verifica la calibraci6n diaria del sistema sismol6gico
que ha sido colocado en el s6tano del Edificio de Administraci6n en Balboa
Heights.


sacudidas ocasionales que se sienten
en Panama y en la Zona del Canal
casi siempre han venido de alli, al
trabajar la vailvula de seguridad ab-
sorbiendo la demasiada tension te-
rraquea que se ha producido desde
que la tierra se asent6 por iltima
vez".
Por mas tranquilizador que esto
sea, los temblores recientes han cau-
sado interns en lo que se debe hacer
en caso de un terremoto y aqui les
presentanios algunas sugerencias de
la Administraci6n del Servicio de
Ciencias Ambientales de los Estados
Unidos:
DURANTE EL TEMBLOR
1. Luche contra el pAnico. El mo-
vimiento asusta, pero, a no ser que
haga caer algo sobre usted, no causa
daijos. Trate de pasarlo en calma.
2. Si lo sorprende bajo techo, per-
manezca bajo techo. Prot6jase deba-
jo de un escritorio, mesa, banca, o
bajo el dintel de una puerta en los
salones, o contra las paredes inte-
riores. Apirtese de los cristales.
3. No use velas, f6sforos o cual-
quiera otra llama abierta, durante o
despu6s del temblor. Apague todos
los fuegos.
4. Si el temblor lo sorprende fue-
ra de casa, apartese de los edificios
y de los alambrados. Una vez al
descubierto, mantingase alli hasta
que pasen las sacudidas.
5. No corra a travis o cerca de
edificios. El mayor peligro por las
cosas que puedin caer esti inmedia-
tamente fuera de las puertas y cerca
de las paredes exteriores.
6. Si estA dentro de un auto en
movimiento, pare tan pronto como


y t v id'a


teriores.
6. Si estA dentro de un auto en
movimiento, pare tan pronto como


hUoW y Sv u, id'a









SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


Marzo 19, 1971


El Director de Abastos y Servicios Comunales, L. A. Seguridad Federal). De izquierda a derecha estAn: Luis
Ferguson, aparece colocando un bot6n de Seguridad F. Perez, agr6nomo; R. M. Murphy, superintendent;
(Zero-In) a Nicolas Tuii6n, del Ramo de Mantenimiento J. R. Maravilla, funcionario de Seguridad; Ferguson;
de Predios para iniciar la publicidad en la direcci6n del E. Letendre, supervisor; Tufi6n, Carlos Valiente y
program "Zero-In on Federal Safety" (Objetivo: La Artenio E. Pacheco.


Un Club de Rainbow City

Honrard a J. J. Harrison


El Club Circulo Siete, integrado
por elements prestantes de Rain-
bow City, rendirA tribute el domin-
go 11 de abril a J. J. Harrison, una
de las personas que mas han contri-
buido al bienestar de las comunida-
des latinoamericanas.
El escogimiento de Harrison se
hizo, segun declar6 un vocero del
club, haciendo un cuidadoso anaili-
sis de una larga lista de otras perso-
nas igualmente meritorias.
El acto que servirA de marco para


la ceremonia en honor lde Harrison
sera un bailey que se celebrari en el
Sky Room del Edificio del Templo
Mas6nico de Crist6bal, a partir de
las 7:30 p.m. del Domingo de Pas-
cua de Resurrececin.
Harrison es subdirector de THE
PANAMA AMERICAN v director aso-
ciado de THE PANAMA TRIBUNE.

Una mujer a otra: "Hay algo que
tengo que decirte antes de que des-
cubra que no es verdad".


GOBIERNO DE LA ZONA DEL CANAL-COMPARIA DEL CANAL DE PANAMA
DIRECTION DE PERSONAL

Lista de Vacantes y Traslados Para Empleados


POSICIONES PERMANENTES
Salario
Agente de Compras, NM-7 --- ------------- $8.070.40
Auxiliar de Dietdtica, NM-4 ---- ------ $5.886.40
Ayudante, Tarifas de Pasajeros, NM-6 ------------$7.259.20
Bibliotecario(a), NM-7 --------- ------------$8.070.40
Conductor (Via Fdrrea y Patio de Ferrocarril) ----- $4.37/$4.59
Despachador Subalterno de Combustibles Liquidos
(Muelles), MG-8 _-_---------------------------_$2.16
Enfermera Clinica, NM-5/7 ------------$7.404.80/$8.299.20
Escrutadora(a) de Reclamos (General), NM-5/9-$6.572.80/$9.796.80
Esten6grafa y Anotadora, NM-61 ---- --------------$7.259.20
Fabricante de Velas, MG-9 ------------ ----------$3.55
Guardia, NM-3 (Masculino) ---- -------------$4.222.40
Instructor (Conversacidn oen Espaiiol), NM-5/7
(Tiempo parcial que no exceda 30 horas) .. ----_--$3.16/$3.88
Maquinista, Locomotora (Via Ferrea y Patio de
Ferrocarril) ---------------------___$4.37/$4.71
Mecinico Tornero (Mantenimiento), MG-10 ---.----- $3.71
Oficinista-Mecanigrafa, NM-3/41 ----------$4.222.40/$5.886.40
Oficinista (Substitute) Distribuci6n y Ventanilla de Correos,
PS-51 (Tiempo parcial que no exceda 30 horas)------ -_ $3.21
Operario de Montacargas, MG-8 (Intermitente) $...-----$2.16
Primer Capataz, Salvamento y Buceo, MS-3/10 --- -- $4.61
Pulidor de Cristales de Lentes (Limitado), MG-8 ----- $2.16
Subgerente de Panaderia, NM-8 ----------------------$8.902.40
Subjefe Arquitecto, NM-13 _-_-------_ ---$17.761.00
POSICIONES TEMPORALES
Archivero(a), NM-2 (Que no exceda 1 alio) ------- $3.390.40
Aseador(a), MG-1 (Que no exceda 1 aRio) ------------ --$1.60
Ayudante General, MG-5 (Que no exceda 1 aleo) ..---...-----$1.74
Conductor de Camiin, MG-6 (Que no exceda 1 alo)------- $1.78
Encargado de Carga on el Tren, MG-7 (Que no exceda 1 ale) --$1.82
Guardafrenos, MG-7 (Que no exceda 1 aleo) -----------$1.82
Obrero, MG-2 (Que no exceda 1 aio)-------------- $1.63
Obrero (Trabajos Pesados), MG-3 (Que no exceda 1 anio)
(Se require Inglis) ------------------------$1.66
Oficinista Clinica, NM-3 (Que no exceda 1 aio)---------$4.222.40
Soldador, MG-10 (Que no exceda 1 ao) _-------- $3.71
Trabajador en Telas, MG-7 (Que no exceda 1 alo)-------$1.82


Direcci6n o Si-
Division tio
Industrial A
Hos. Coco Solo A
Serv. Admin. P
Biblio.-Museo P
Ferrocarriles P

Terminales P
Hos. Coco Solo A
Contraloria P
Navegaci6n P
Industrial A
Policia P


Personal

Ferrocarriles
Industrial
Navegacidn

Postal
Terminales
Industrial
Abastos
Abastos
Ingenieria


Hos. Coco Solo A
Serv. Com. A-P
Industrial A
Div. de Aim. A-P
Ferrocarril A
Ferrocarriles P
Industrial A

Electricidad A
Hos. Gorgas P
Transp. Motor. A
Terminales A


La solicited debe ser sometida en el Formulario 433, SOLICITUD PARA TRASLADO. Deberd
someterse una solicited separada para cada categoria de empleo. Si hace solicited para mis
de una posici6n, indique el orden de preferencia. Se indican los anuncios nuevos en letras
negritas. Los salaries indicados serin aumentados a los ciudadanos de EE. UU. por medio del
diferencial apropiado ademis del factor impuesto cuando debe aplicarse. El simbolo 1 indica
que es necesario un examen escrito. El simbolo indica que es una posici6n de seguridad
donde puede emplearse solamente ciudadanos estadounidenses. Mayor informacidn puede
obtenerse en el Ramo de Empleo y Utilizaci6n de Empleados, telofonos 2-1221, 2-3618 6 3-1288.
No deben comunicarse directamente con los funcionarios de empleo.


Aumento de 40 . .
(Viene de la pagina 1)
en 3 por ciento durante febrero y
marzo, las pensions subirAn en el
porcentaje minAs alto habido durante
el period de 3 meses mais el 1 por
ciento adicional que autoriza la ley.
El aumento para el mes de enero
sera anunciado mais tarde y el Indice
de Precids al Consumnidor para el
mies de marzo es possible que no se
p)ueda conseguir sino hasta la ultima
semana de abril.
Para poder beneficiarse con cual-
quiera de esos aumentos, el emplea-
do debera haberse jubilado antes
del 19 de junior de 1971.


Oliver Sera . .
(Viene de la pdgina 1)
en 1964, y luego de la coreografia
de los nimeros de bailey de Amor sin
Barreras, en 1968.
Keith Brownfield sera el director
de escena, con la ayuda de Steve
Belok, quien estara: a cargo de la
construcci6n del scenario que sera
rotatorio en dos niveles. Bill Kirk-
land, quien hizo una labor sobresa-
liente el aiio pasado en El Hombre
de La Mancha, estarni a cargo de la
luminotecnia.
La mnisica para iOliver! senri pro-
porcionada por la Banda de la Fuer-
za Area del Comando Sur, bajo la
direcci6n del CapitAn Nevin Lantry.


En el Centro Gap Hay Baile


Todos los Fines de Semana


Ya sea listed un aficionado a las
competencias de baile, uin expert
.en billar o tenga cualquier otra afi-
ci6n de las que le gustan a la gente
joven, el Centro Juvenil del sector
Pacifico "The Gap" tiene algo para
ousted.
Situado sobre la Avenida Roose-
velt, muy cerca de su intersecci6n
con la Calle Balboa y la Carretera
a Diablo, al lado de la Planta de
Enfriamiento de Agua y frente a la
la Subestaci6n Electrica de Balboa,
mny cerca del complejo de almace-
nes de Balboa, "The Gap" estui
abierto todos los viernes y sibados,
desde las 7:30 p.m. hasta la media-
noche.
Todas esas noches hay bailes es-
peciales para adolescents. La ad-
misi6n a estos bailes es de 50 cen-
tavos si toca una sola banda u or-
questa. Cuando se presentan dos
conjuntos musicales, el precio es
dle $1.
"The Gap" es un lugar de diver-
sion para adolescents y estudiantes
de escuela secundaria, tanto de pri-
mer ciclo como de segundo ciclo.
Alli pueden dedicarse a toda clase
de diversiones y pasatiempos, bajo
cuidado de personas adults que
dedican su tiempo libre con el fin
de que los j6venes tengan un lugar
adecuado de distracci6n.
Tamnbin se Ilevan a cabo concur-
sos de canciones populares y folkl6-
ricas en "The Cap". Han tenido lu-
gar, durante las noches de los dias
dc la semana, presentaciones espe-
ciales de un matiz mais serio, sobre
temas muy interesantes, como La


Habra DesFile . .
(Viene de la pdgina 1)
cuela Secundaria de Rainbow City,
a partir de las 3:30 p.m. de ese dia,
y brindarzi una magnifica oportuni-
dad a los feligreses de esa iglesia, a
sus families y amistades para que
pasen varias horas con entreteni-
mientos de primerisima clase.
Los boletos de entrada a este acto
social se pueden conseguir con los
mienibros de la iglesia. Se solicit al
ptiblico que asista a este acto con el
cual se recogen fondos, que serviruin
para ayudar a llevar a cabo los tra-
bajos que dicha iglesia se propone a
beneficio de la comunidad.
La Sra. Rose Mignott es la presi-
denta del comit6 organizador, mien-
tras que la Sra. Victoria Hunter es
su mais estrecha colaboradora.
La Srta. Edna C6rdova actuara
conio maestra de ceremonies du(ran-
te el desfile de modas. La Srta. C6r-
dova, quien anteriormente residia
en Rainbow City, vive actualmente
en el sector Pacifico, donde se ha
hecho conocer como magnifica ins-
tructora de disefio de vestidos y de
modisteria.


*~~ ~~ - v


--




Burton L. Powell, capataz general del edep6sito de salvamento y bucco en
la Escuela de Bucco de la Divisidn Industrial en Gat6n, aparece ajustando
la presi6n en la cimara de recompresi6n en done trat6 recientemente a un
operario de esclusas que sufriO un caso de afecci6n producida por aumento
dIe la presi6n del medio ambient mnientras trabajaba en la limpicza y
reacondicionamiento de las Esclusas de Gat6n.


Meditaci6n Transcendental v La
Contaminacio6n.
Pero, puesto que la mayor atrac-
ci6n en el Centro Juvenil es la mui-
sica de baile, el sal6n mis grande
de "The Gap" es el destinado al
baile, que siempre es alegrado por
la m6sica de los conjuntos mais po-
pulares del moment.
Siempre de acuerdo con cl am-
biente del Lejano Oestc, la comida
se sirve en el "Carret6n Cocina" que
esta a cargo de los inismos estu-
diantes, quienes se encargan de pre-
parar las viandas y de servirlas a
los asistentes. En el sal6n de des-
canso se puede conseguir refrescos,
lo mismo que revistas y libros para
pasar el tiempo.
En la "Arcada de Diversiones" se
encuentra una mesa de billar y mni-
quinas de juegos automriticos. Tam-
bi6n, automiaticamente, se cambian
las luces y el scenario del lugar,
que estA dotado de acondicionamien-
to de aire.
El pasado 13 de marzo tuvo lugar
un concurso de baile. La pareja ga-
nadora se llev6 un premio de $5,
mientras que la que qued6 en se-
gundo lugar se gan6 $1.
El Consejo Juvenil represent a
7.000 j6venes de todas las comuni-
dades de la Zona del Canal. Tam-
bi6n existen centros operados por el
Consejo Juvenil en las comunidades
de Paraiso y Margarita.


ANIVERSARIOS
(Basindose sobre total de Servicio Civil)

20 Aiios
DIRECTION DE MARINA
Frank J. Raymond
Cuardia
Winfield S. Robison
Jefe de Guardias
Juan Rodriguez C.
Pasabarcos
David Nias
Pasabarcos
DIRECTION DE TRANSPORT
Y TERMINALES
Sabino Pinilla L.
Estibador
Gregorio Viterbo V.
Estibador
Solly Brown
Estibador
Luis A. Bedoya
Estibador
Ivain Richards
Operario de Montacargas
Rosalino Orozco
Operario de Montacargas
Herman Alleyne
Pasacables
DIRECTION DE ABASTOS Y
SERVICIOS COMUNALES
Justino Salazar
Obrero (Trabajos Pesados)
Clifford Nicholson
Aseador
Alberto Aguilar L.
Almnacencro
DIRECCION DE INGENIERIA Y
CONSTRUCTION
Dorothy S. Bright
Subjefe Ayvudante Oficinista
Ricardo A. Castillo J.
TVcnico de Ingcnicria Ell6ctrica
(Dibujante)
William A. Evans
Carpintero
Ralael Villalta Z.
Lubricador (Planta de Equipo
Flotante)
DIRECTION DE ASUNTOS
CIVILES
Wallace E. Woodruff
lMaestro (Primer Ciclo-Escuelas
Estadounidenses)
Ernest A. Wattley
Maestro (Segundo Ciclo-
Escuelas Latinoamericanas)
Louis F. Dedcaux
Maestro (Segundo Ciclo-
E'scuclas Istado(unidenses)
DIRECTION DE SALUBRIDAD
Albert Gustave
CGuardia
Bernard K. Levin
Official Ml(ico (Salnd PI'blica)


PAgina 4




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