Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094771/00463
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights, C.Z
Publication Date: June 19, 1964
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
biweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00463
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text



THE PANAMA CANAL Gift ouJ"e Pant. ; wseum





Spillway *


Vol. II, No. 52 50 Years of Service . To World Commerce Friday, June 19, 1964


What is safety afloat?
What are the responsibilities of
a small boat operator?
What does he do in an emergency?
These and dozens of other ques-
tions pertaining to boating safety are
being discussed these days by small-
boat owners in the Canal Zone in
connection with the observance of
Safe Boating Week June 28 to July 4.
This year, for the first time, the
Panama Canal is taking part in a
campaign to promote safety in the
operation of small craft in Canal
Zone waters. For some years the
rules have been spelled out in book-
lets issued to operators of motorboats
and small vessels while classes in
small-boat handling have been held
regularly by members of the Canal
Zone Pacific Power Squadron of the
United States Power Squadrons.
Emphasis on safe boating has
grown with the increase in the


number of small boats now operating
in Canal Zone waters on both sides
of the Isthmus and in Gatun and
Madden lakes. More than 600 small
boats are registered currently with
the Canal Navigation Division. There
may be many more still without
registration.
Officials of the Panama Canal
organization, members of the Power
Squadron and leading members of
the local boating organizations have
joined in a campaign to promote
proper boating practices and pro-
cedures and to extend facilities to
all boat owners for examinations for
licensing and instruction in boat
handling.
Noting Canal Zone residents' high
level of interest in recreational boat-
ing, Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., has
called attention to a proclamation by
Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson designating
June 28 through July 4 as National
Safe Boating Week.
Text of the proclamation follows:


Thirty-six plastic bubbles furnish
most of the light needed during the
day for the two indoor waiting rooms
of the new Gorgas Hospital Annex.
The bubbles, which are really sky-
lights, are installed in the roof of
the four-story lower section of the
annex. They cover 3-foot shafts lead-
ing into the two waiting rooms


serving the clinics and laboratories
located in this section. On the out-
side, the bubbles look like oversized
afterdinner mints. Inside, they give
the appearance of artificial light
shafts.
Although enough light comes
through the bubble dome skylights
to take care of ordinary needs, artifi-
cial light is provided to supplement


Skylights
them on dull days or at night. The
new hospital annex is one of the first
buildings in the Canal Zone to make
use of the plastic bubble skylight
arrangement.
They are included in the specifi-
cations of the new Curundu Junior
High School and a few have been
used in the Diablo Elementary
School.


WHEREAS recreational boating has become a leading outdoor activity
for millions of Americans who enjoy this healthful and relaxing use of
leisure time; and
WHEREAS education of the boating public in safe practices contributes
to the enjoyment of the sport and reduces the likelihood of accidents; and
WHEREAS continuing cooperation between organizations and indi-
viduals interested in boating is necessary to insure safe boating throughout I
the year; and
WHEREAS the Congress of the United States in recognizing the need
for emphasis on boating safety, by a joint resolution, approved June 4, 1958
(72 Stat. 170), has requested the President to proclaim annually the week
which includes July 4 as National Safe Boating Week:
NOW THEREFORE, I, LYNDON B. JOHNSON, PRESIDENT OF
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, do hereby designate the week ]
beginning June 28, 1964, as National Safe Boating Week, and extend their
effort throughout the year.
I also invite the Governors of the States, the Commonwealth of Puerto
Rico, and other areas subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to f
join in the observance of this Week in order to draw Nationwide attention a
to the importance of safety in recreational boating. t
* IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused v
the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed, a
DONE at the City of Washington this twelfth day of February in the
year of our Lord nineteen hundred and sixty-four, and of the Independence u
of the United States of America the one hundred and eighty-eighth.


LYNDON B. JOHNSON.


By the President:
DEAN RUSK,
Secretary of State.


* u -a wm -, -me -y -- ..
Capt. Chester Briggs, Chief of the Navigation Division, briefs students in
a small boat handling class on boating safety. The class is being taught by
members of the Canal Zone Pacific Power Squadron. Captain Briggs also
distributed pamphlets on boating safety.


Happy Birthday

To Us! We're

Vow 2 Years Old

The SPILLWAY is 2 years old today
-2 years and 104 issues after the
first issue was printed. Changes in
appearance have been many, but the
heme of providing accurate and
valuablee information about events,
activities, plans, and programs to
Canal employees has remained
unchanged.
Here are the changes in size and
makeup of the SPILLWAY that have
aken place: The first issue was 8 by
O0 inches and contained four pages,
ach story appearing in English and
panish; the second issue expanded
o 8)i by 11 inches; in the ninth
issue, separate English and Spanish
sections of the two pages each made
heir debut; in the second issue of
963 the size increased to 11 by 15
inches; in the fourth issue of 1963
ie length increased to 16 inches and
ie size went up to four English
ages and four Spanish pages; and
early this year the paper added
another inch in length.
All the changes can't be measured
n column inches, however. The
staff of SPILLWAY correspondents
as recently been increased for
roader coverage and more news for
nd of you.
As we observed at the time of our
rst birthday-and it's still as true
oday-acceptance of the SPILLWAY
in large measure due to the con-
ibutions it has received from
'aders. With continued cooperation
ich as has been received we look
forward to our teens, still some few


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years off.


See Page 5
for the complete text of
the International Com-
mission of Jurists' con-
clusions in regard to the
January incidents.


Free Movies Part

Of 4th Program

Free movies on both sides of the
Isthmus will be part of the program
of entertainment scheduled in the
Canal Zone for the celebration of the
Fourth of July. The movies will start
at 2 p.m. on July 4 in the theaters
at Diablo, Coco Solo, Margarita, and
Gatun.
The films to be shown are Goodbye
My Lady at Diablo; Six Black Horses
at Coco Solo; Wistful Widow of
Wagon Gap at Margarita and
Francis In The Navy at Gatun.


Fund Aids Crash

Victims' Children
Contributions totaling $314 were
made by Canal organization em-
ployees working in the Administra-
tion Building at Balboa Heights to
a fund collected to assist the four
minor children of the late S. Sgt. and
Mrs. M. R. Norsworthy of Fort
Clayton, who were killed in an auto-
mobile accident on Thatcher Ferry
Bridge June 2.
The money was added to another
fund collected at the American
Legion Club in Balboa where Mrs.
Norsworthy had been employed.
Elmer Orr, a member of the
American Legion and an employee
of the Comptroller's Office, organ-
ized the collection at the Admin-
istration Building. He said that the
money was being turned over to the
proper U.S. military authorities to be
used to assist the children, who have
been taken to the United States to
live with their grandparents.


Free Trips on Las Cruces Planned


July 4; 600 Can Be Accommodated


Three partial transits aboard the
launch Las Cruces on Independence
Day, July 4, will accommodate 600
persons, it has been announced by
Robert J. Byrne, Supervisor, Canal
Zone Guide Service.
The trips will originate from the
Civil Affairs Building in Ancon. The
first will leave the Civil Affairs Build-
ing at 7:40 a.m., the second at 12:40
p.m. and the third at 3:40 p.m. The
boat trip will leave the Pedro Miguel
boat landing approximately 20
minutes following the departure from
the Civil Affairs Building approxi-
mately 2 hours after leaving there.
Transportation will be provided


by the Transportation Division free
of charge. Refreshments will be sold
on the Las Cruces.
Only 200 tickets are available for
each trip. Tickets will be given out
on a first-come, first-served basis.
Atlantic-side residents who wish
to make the trip may phone Balboa
1492 and the tickets will be mailed
to them. Pacific-side residents may
either call this number and have the
tickets mailed or get their tickets in
person at the information desk in
the rotunda of the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights. There
is no charge for the tickets.


Campaign Mapped


For Safe Boating


Plastic Bubbles for


I







THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


June 19, 1964


Hatch Act Spells Out



Employee Rights, Too,



Not Just Restrictions

The Hatch Act guarantees to U.S. ful for any person employed in the
citizens who are Federal employees executive branch of the Federal Gov-
the right to register and vote free ernment, or any agency or depart-
from any interference, persuasion, or ment thereof, to use his official
official domination, authority or influence for the purpose
Uncertainty as to provisions of the of interfering with an election or
Act, however, can act as a curb on affecting the result thereof. No officer
permissible activities. There's nothing or employee in the executive branch
too complicated about either the per- of the Federal Government, or any
missile or restricted activities. To agency or department thereof, shall
properly fill their positions of public take any active part in political
trust and be properly responsive to management or in political cam-
community interest, Federal em- paigns. All such persons shall retain
ployees should be familiar at least the right to vote as they may
with basic provisions, choose and to express their opinions
The possible penalty for violation on all political subjects and can-
is removal or suspension without pay didates. * *"
for not less than 30 davs. Here, in summary form, are basic
The Act states: "It shall be unlaw- provisions:

PERMITTED ACTIVITIES PROHIBITED ACTIVITIES
Registration.-It is not only per- Serving on or for any political com-
missible but an obligation on all cit- mittee, party, or other similar
izens, including Federal employees, organization, or serving as a del-
to register and vote. egate or alternate to a caucus or
Voting.-The language of the law party convention.
specifically provides that all Federal Soliciting or handling political con-
employees have the right to vote as tributions.
they choose. Soliciting sale of or selling political
Expression of opinions.-Federal party dinner tickets.
employees have the right to express Serving as officer of a political club,
political opinions, but they may not as member or officer of any of its
take an active part in political man- committees, addressing such a club
agement or in political campaigns, on any partisan political matter, or
Attendance at political rallies, being active in organizing it.
conventions, etc.-Federal employees Serving in connection with prepara-
may attend political rallies and con- tion for, organizing or conduct-
ventions to which the general public ing a political meeting or rally,
is admitted. addressing such a meeting on any
Nominating petitions.-Federal em- partisan political matter, or taking
ployees are permitted to sign nom- any other active part therein.
inating petitions in support of indi- Engaging in activity at the polls (at
viduals whom they wish to see primary or regular elections),
become candidates for office. such as soliciting votes, assisting
Contributions.-It is lawful for voters to mark ballots, or transport-
Federal employees to make voluntary ing or helping to get out the voters
contributions to a regularly consti- on election days.
tuted political organization, provided Acting as recorder, checker, watcher,
such contribution is not made in a or challenger of any party or
Federal building or to some other faction.
Federal employee. Serving in any position of election
Political pictures.-It is lawful for officer in which partisanship or
Federal employees to display polit- partisan political management may
ical pictures in their homes if they be shown.
so desire. Writing for publication or publish-
Badges, buttons, and stickers.-It ing any letter or article, signed or
is lawful for Federal employees to unsigned, soliciting votes in favor
wear political badges or buttons or of or against any political party or
to display political stickers on their candidate.
private automobiles. Becoming a candidate for nomina-
Constitutional amendments, refer- tion or election to office, Federal,
endums, etc.-An exception relating State, county, or municipal, which
to elections not specifically identified is to be filled in an election in
with National or State issues or polit- which party candidates are in-
ical parties declares that nothing in volved, or soliciting others to
certain parts of the Act shall be con- become candidates for nomination
strued to prevent or prohibit any or election to such offices.
person subject to the provisions of Distributing campaign literature or
this Act from engaging in any polit- material.
ical activity (1) in connection with Initiating or circulating partisan po-
any election and the preceding cam- litical nominating petitions.
paign if none of the candidates is to Engaging in political caucuses, or
be nominated or elected at such canvassing a district or soliciting
election as representing a party any political support for a party,
of whose candidates for presidential faction, or candidate.
elector received votes in the last
preceding election at which pres-
idential electors were selected, or Rates Change July 1
(2) in connection with any question For Home Deliveries
which is not specifically identified
with any National or State political Tarifl rates for home delivery of
party. For the purposes of this sec- items from the Panama Canal Retail
tion, questions relating to constitu- Store supermarket section will be
tional amendments, referendums, increased effective July 1, according
approval of municipal ordinances, to an announcement by the Super-
and others of a similar character, intendent of the Retail Store Branch.
shall not be deemed to be specifically Effective July 1, the charge for
identified with any National or State special delivery of goods from the
political a rtail store to home will be increased
from $1 to $1.50. Regular delivery
will be increased from 50 cents to $1.
Rates have been increased to meet
There are now some 13 Federal
employees serving each 1,000 of the 'ncreas(d operating costs.
U.S. population. Of these, 5 are em-
ployed by Defense, 3 by Post Office, During the first fiscal year of
1 by Veterans Administration, and operation, 1,088 commercial vessels
4 by all the rest of Government. transited the Panama Canal.


'*5


~

~I

:\



2.
r


BROWSInG


COLLECTIOn

By Eleanor Burnham
This High Man, by Milton Leh- to reconstruct their lives. Mrs. Jane-
man, is the story of the early dreams way is the author of The Walsh Girls,
and later achievements of Robert H. The Third Choice, and other best-
Goddard-often called the world's sellers.
first space pioneer and inventor of How to Manage Your Money, by
the rocket. Many of Dr. Goddard's Edward T. Imparato and Charles L.
early experiments, in which he antic- Hyde, is a practical and simply
ipated the German V-2 rocket and written book on how to be solvent
later space travel, are described in as well as successful financially. The
this biography by means of his own authors, both experts in financial
notes and sketches and by photo- planning, have organized their mate-
graphs. Famous people were his rial so that it can be used for occa-
friends and associates, although sional reference or can be read for
during his working years many did information and pleasure. The book
not fully comprehend the extent to begins with a discussion of financial
which his dreams would come true. goals and ends with a plan for
As Dr. (oddard once said: "Every meeting them. These plans can be
vision is a ioke until the first man tailored either to a modest or to a
accomplishes it." Charles A. Lind- substantial salary. There are chapters
bergh, a longtime friend and coun- on family budgets, the intelligent
selor, wrote the preface for the book. f cecing a uts, inetg
n w use of checking accounts, investing
Anyone who is interested in the real estate, and
in common stock, real estate, and
present-day space program will find mutul fnds. Te o is we
this biography fascinating. mutual funds. The book is well
this biography fascinating.
Accident, by Elizabeth Janeway, organized, succinct, and at times
is a novel which is as pleasing for its even humorous. The authors are
fine craftsmanship as it is for its connected with the University of
account of the rebuilding of charac- Tampa.
ter. In this story Mrs. Janeway tells Trio for Blunt Instruments, by Rex
of the members of a family brought Stout, includes three Nero Wolfe
to the edge of disaster and then and Archie exploits under a single
restored to a more satisfying exist- cover. The formula is as good as
ence through an accident which ever and will intrigue Rex Stout's
shocked them into making an effort many admirers.


THEATER
Week Beginning Saturday,
June 20, 1964
BALBOA
(Air Conditioned)
Sat.-Sun., 2:30, 6:15, 8:10-Mon., 7:30-
Wild And Wonderful
Tues., 7:30-The Challenge
Wed.-Thurs., 7:30-The Caretakers
Fri., 7:00-The Music Man
DIABLO HEIGHTS *
Saturday night-Cleopatra (Last night)
Sun., 2:00, 7:00-Mon., 7:00-The
Condemned Of Altona
Tues.-Miracle In The Rain
Wed.-Fort Bowie
Thurs.-They Can't Hang Me
Fri.-The Last Hurrah
Friday, Owl Show 10:00 p.m.-- I Aim At
The Stars
GAMBOA
Saturday night, 8:15 p.m.-The Young
Guns Of Texas
Sun.-Take Her, She's Mine
Mon.-NO SHOW
Tues.-Thunder Island
Wed.-They Can't Hang Me
Thurs.-NO SHOW
Fri.-The Condemned Of Altona
COCO SOLO *
(Air Conditioned)
Saturday night-Sunday, 2:00, 7:00--
Rampage
Mon.-Judgment At Nuremberg
Tues.-Man In The Moon
Wed.-The Tall T
Thurs.-Twice Told Tales
Fri.-Son Of Captain Blood
MARGARITA*
Saturday night-Gidget Goes To Roume
Sunday matinee, 2:00 p.m.-Miracle In
The Rain


SCHEDULE
Sunday night-Monday, 7:00-Of Love
And Desire
Tues.-Shake Hands With The Devil
Wed.-A Night At The Opera
Thurs.-Half A Hero
Fri.-The Young Guns Of Texas
Friday, Owl Show 10:00 p.m.-Double
Jeopardy
GATUN O
Saturday night-Man From The Alamo
Sun., 2:00 p.m., Matinee-Courage Of
Black Beauty
Sunday night-Shake Hands With The
Devil
Mnm.-NO SHOW
Tues.-Half A Hero
Wed.-NO SHOW
Thurs.-Of Love And Desire
Fri.-Air Patrol
[ All night shows begin at 7:00 p.m.
I except as shown.


Special Matinees
SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 1964
BALBOA. 10:00 a.m.-Charge At Feather
River-Guy Madison: U.S. cavalry vs.
the Indians in an action packed Western
in color. (105 min.)
COCO SOLO: 2:00 p.m.-Me And The
Colonel-Danny Kaye: A laugh a minute
film. (115 min.)
DIABLO: 2:00 p.m.-Manhunt In The
Jungle: ligh adventure in the jungles of
Brazil. (In Color.) (85 min.)
GAMBOA: 6:15 p.m.-Against All Flags-
Eriol Flynn: Swashbuckling pirate ad-
venture story. (90 min.)
MARGARITA: 2:00 p.m.-Yellowstone
Kelly: A western ahout exploits of a
famous fur trapper. (96 min.)
GATUN: 2:00 p.m.-Hannibal-Victor Ma-
ture: 40,000 men and elephants cross
the Alps. (In Color.) (110 min.)


SCN-TV SCHEDULE
SUNDAY
1:00-SCN NEWS (English)
1:05-Parade of Sports
3:30-Sunday
30-This is the life
5:00-Wonderful World of Golf
6:00-SCN NEWS
6:15-Sacred Heart
6-30-Exploring
7:30-Danny Thomas
8 00-Ed Sullivan
8 55-SCN NEWS (English)
9:00-Jocy Bishop Show
9:30-What's Mv Line
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:05-Steve Allen Show
11:30-Chapel of the Air

MONDAY
4:00-Afteruoon
5:30-It's A Wonderful World
6:00-NEWS 30
6:30-Password
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:05-Navy Notebook
7:30-The Thin Man
8:00-SCN NEWS (English)
8:05-Bob Cummings
8:30-Medic
9:00-Jimmy Dean
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:15-Movietime:
"Long Night"
11ll:30-Gale Storm
TUESDAY
4:00-Afternoon
5.30-Do You Know
6:00-NEWS THIRTY
6:30-"I've Got A Secret"
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:05-Musical Heritage
7:30-Andy Griffith
8:00-SCN NEWS (English)
8:05-Battleline
8:30-Phil Silvers
9:00-SCN Special of the Week:
Bob Hope Show
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:15-Armchair Theater:
"Steele Key"
11:30-Court of Last Resort
WEDNESDAY
4:00-Afternoon
5-30-True Adventure
6:00-NEWS THIRTY
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:05-Hollywood Palace
8:00-SCN NEWS
8:05-Th- Lieutenant
9:00-Bell Telephone Hour
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:15-Tonight Show .
ll:30-Encore Theater: Battleline
THURSDAY
4:00-Afternoon
5:30-Science In Action
6:00-NEWS THIRTY
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:05-Real McCoys
7:30-All Star Theater
8:00-SCN NEWS
8:05-Danny Kaye Show
9:00-Death Valley Days
9:30-To Tell the Truth
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:15-Thursday night movie:
"Law Of The Sea"
11:30-Encore Theater:
The Lieutenant
FRIDAY
4:00-Afternoon
5:30-Encyclopedia Britannica Films
6:00-NEWS THIRTY
6:30-College Bowl
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:05-Price Is Right
7:30-Candid Camera
8:00-SCN NEWS
8:05-Hootenanny
9:00-Jack Paar
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:15-Fight of the Week
11:00-Paris Precinct
11:30-Language In Action

SATURDAY
1:00-SCN NEWS (English)
1:05-How Many Homes?
2:00-Cartoon Carnival
2:45-Capt. Kangaroo
3:35-Saturday Matinee:
"Steele Key"
4:45-Sports Spectacular
6:00-SCN NEWS
6:20-Billboard
6:30-Science All Stars
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:05-Big Picture
7:30-Sports Time
8:00-SCN NEWS
8:05-Target
8:30-Tonight Show
9:45-Social Security In Action
10:00-FINAL EDITION
10:15-Academy Awards Special




SPILLWAY
The P.ANAMT\ CAN.AL SPILLWAY is an
official publication of the Panama
Canal, Balboa Heights, C.Z. News
articles contained in it are made avail-
able to all interested news media for
whatever use they may wish to make
of them and may he reprinted without
official clearance.
ROBERT J. FLEMING, Jr.
Governor of the Canal Zone
DAVID S. PARKER
I.ieulte'nant Governor
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Information Officer
Ml.aterial intended for publication in
the Sriln.WAV should he delivered to
the Panama Canal Press Office or
mailed to Pa NsMA CANA Si'I.I.VAYv,
Box M. Blalboa Heights, C Z.


Page 2


0







June 19, 1964


THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


Railway Station Hours Changed


A new schedule of office hours is
in effect for the passenger stations
at Colon and Panama. The new
* hours are:
Colon-Monday through Friday,
6:30 a.m. to noon, and 1:15 to 7:15
p.m.; Saturday, 2:10 to 7:10 p.m.;
Sunday, 7:30 to 10 a.m. and 10:30
a.m. to 1 p.m.
Panama-Monday through Friday,
6:45 a.m. to 12:05 p.m. and 1:05
to 6:45 p.m.; Saturday, 7:45 to
10:00 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. to 1:15


p.m.; Sunday, 2 to 3:30 p.m. and
4 to 7:30 p.m.
On holidays falling on Monday
through Friday, stations will open
and close one hour later than the
regular schedule. There is no change
for holidays falling on Saturday or
Sunday.
Regular prepaid express shipments
may be made outside station duty
hours with the train baggagemen,
who are on duty 20 minutes prior
to scheduled departure times of
regular passenger trains.


BLOOD BANK HONOR ROLL
GORGAS HOSPITAL
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Samuel N. Haywood
Rodolfo Ayarza Claude Jesse
Mary Phyllis Brennan George Kenneth
James A. Brigman Frank D. Lashley
Louise Caldwell Gayle Livingston
Ernest L. Colten Jos6 M6ndez
Dorothy Cotton Charles M. Newbury
Hector Davy Harrv Pearl
Bruno L. Emanuele Arcelio Smith
John C. Fawcett Owen Smith
Ernest T. Franklin James M. Thompson, Jr.
Raymond George Carlos H. Valencia H.
Fitardo A. Henry Raymond E. Wallace
James Lowe MARINE BUREAU
Rodolfo 11. Maclao
JRoolo H. Marclao Chester E. Alder
Julio A. Martinez William L. Bennett
Charles B. Myers Lewis F. Braden
Paul H. Reynolds William V. Butler
Albert Satchell William V. Butler
John Taber Joseph F. S. Ford
Charles C. Waldron Anastacio Gonzalez
Charles C. Waldron ,


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Walter Bedford
Andrew Britton
Daniel Byfield
Henry Fergus
Jacinta M. Fong
William J. Green, Sr.
Earl G. Moore
Ruben Padmore
Martie S. Pierre
Glenn W. Plucker
Ruthwin Samuels
Jeanine Scott
Boyce William
Enrique Williams
Lionel Worrell
HEALTH BUREAU
Silvia E. Fitzpatrick
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Jos6 M. Anchundia
David Bowen
Charles Brandl
Serafine Cox
John Daily
Boyd W. Ferry
Joseph Granger
Astor Hawkins


COCO
MARINE BUREAU
Manuel Abelardo
Jos6 Alvarado
Robert Bartram
John E. Bonden
Victor M. Bricano
Theodore E. Brown
Armando Cruz
Roberto J. Flores
AlfInso Martin
Victor May, Jr.
Herbert Peterson
James Rinehart
James Sikes
Ray Smith
Rodolfo Smith
Anastasio Sogandares
Carl H. Starke


SOl


Lc


HEALTH BUREAU
Justo Ayarza
Fermin Bosquez
Albert Browne
Adal Stanley Dawes
Johanna Johnson
Dorothy Kozar
Ronald Moore
Roberto Sanguill6n
Patrick Tisdale
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Uralio E. Aguilar
Conute Cockburn
Leslie Haves
Carl Kinsman
Frank Newball
Calvin A. Phillips


Samuel Inniss
John Maynard
Kenneth F. Millard
Julian Miller
Carlos Miranda
Ed S. Reynolds
Carlos Splatt
June A. Stevenson
James Thompson
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Ubalio E. Aguilar, Jr.
Silvestre G. Alexander
Tannis Clifford G.
Carlos E. Hooker
Monzell E. Huckabay
Silvero JuArez
Ruben N. Richads
Carl Schmidt
Roy M. Steele
OFFICE OF THE
COMPTROLLER
Paul Coleman
Lawrence L. Jenrich
Earl Keeney
Carroll E. Kocher, Jr.
Mary G. Livingston
Eric R. Townsend
OTHER
Carlton D. Pearl
i HOSPITAL
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Jimmy Adams
Gilbert Denny
John Fettler
Ralph Gooding
Jaspar Hunter
John Rice
Ray Wheeler
David Williams
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Victor Archibold, Jr.
Sefred Bowen
Wilfredo Daves
Edna S. Frances
Vattreal Hudson
Earl G. Moore
Ruben Padmore
Donald Sanderson
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Arnold Bertoncini
John A. Bucley
Isaac Clinton
Hugo DeLeon
Roy Dudley
Joslyn Duncan
Robert E. Holland
Peggy Smith
Willis Shu
OTHER
Kenneth Cooper
Julia Daniel
Rose Mans
Virginia McLean


1i: =
Andrew C. McLellan, third from left, director of inter-American affairs for the American Federation of Labor-
Congress of Industrial Organization, is shown with Gov. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., during a call at the Governor's
office at Balboa Heights. He was accompanied by two local labor leaders, Leroy B. Wilson, Jr., wage board
member, grievance representative, CLU-MTC, far left, and J. C. Dyer, president of the CLU-MTC, center.


Inter-American

AFL-CIO Official

Is Zone Visitor
Andrew C. McLellan, recently
appointed by AFL-CIO President
George Meany as director of the
inter-American affairs of the labor
union, visited the Canal Zone
recently on his way from South
America to Washington, D. C.
During his stay on the Isthmus, he
called on Gov. Robert J. Flem-
ing, Jr., with whom he had a general
discussion of AFL-CIO activities and
projects in Central and South
America.
A well-known labor leader in the
United States and Latin America,
McLellan succeeds Serafino Romual-
di, with whom he has been asso-
ciated since 1960. Romualdi now
heads the American Institute of Free
Labor Development in Washing-
ton, D.C.
In addition to his administrative
duties as inter-American representa-
tive, McLellan also serves as
editor of the Inter-American Labor
Bulletin.
A native of Scotland, McLellan
has been associated with labor activi-
ties since 1926, and in recent years
has spent much of his time in the
Latin American field. He became
Inter-American Regional Organiza-
tion of Workers representative in
Guatemala in 1956 and remained in
that position until 1959, when he
became the inter-American repre-
sentative of the Inter-American
Union of Food and Drink Workers
with headquarters in San Jos6,
Costa Rica.


Phone Directories

In Main Library

Being Updated
The Main Library is replacing its
file of U.S. and foreign telephone
directories. The directories are re-
placed with new ones about every
3 years.
Since some directories come out
in January, others in July, and some
irregularly, the entire file cannot be
replaced at the same time. Received
in a recent shipment were about 75
directories which include Boston,
New York, Dallas, greater Los
Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, and
Washington.
The entire file numbers about 150
directories. Cost of the whole set is
several hundred dollars. Directories
are rarely received free of charge.
Reference librarians will give in-


formation about addresses by phone
if it is inconvenient for patrons to
come to the library.


Spillway Deadline Early Next Week


With Independence Day, July 4,
falling on a Saturday, Friday, July 3,
will be a holiday for many Panama
Canal employees.
THE SPILLWAY, normally distrib-
uted on Friday, will be distributed
on Thursday that week.
This will mean an advance in
SPILLWAY deadlines. Material in-
tended for July 2 publication should
be in the Panama Canal press office
not later than Friday afternoon,
June 26.


Urgent material only can be
received and processed for use the
same week as late as noon Monday.
Mail material to PANAMA CANAL
SPILLWAY, Box M, Balboa Heights,
Canal Zone.
Two more long holiday weekends
are still on the 1964 calendar.
They are the Labor Day weekend
September 5-7 and Christmas week-
end December 25-27.
Another long weekend, New
Year's, January 1-3, starts off 1965.


Joe Trower


'58 Balboa High School Graduate

To Take Associate Producer Post


Joe Trower, a 1958 Balboa High
School graduate, will start work this
summer as an associate producer
with a motion picture, theatrical
production company in Atlanta, Ga.
Trower, who has been on the Isth-
mus for a visit recently, has been a
producer, director, and performer in
folk shows and hootenannies. He per-
formed at the second Canal Zone
College hootenanny in May and also
has appeared on SCN-TV and in
service clubs throughout the Zone.
A member of "The Legends," a
recording group he formed at
Georgia Tech (their Jungle Lullaby
was a popular recording in the
United States in 1961), Trower has
appeared on the Ted Mack Show


and other television shows, has made
albums (including an album of com-
mercials for a leading washer-dryer
manufacturer), and has performed in
clubs and hotels, such as the Wit's
End in Atlanta, Ga., the Bitter End
in New York City, and the Jolly
Roger Hotel in Miami.
He has appeared with Dave
Brubeck, Brenda Lee, Les Paul and
Mary Ford, Jerry Van Dyke, Lionel
Hampton, Jimmy Dean, and many
others.
Trower holds a B.S. degree in
industrial management from Georgia
Tech. He is the son of Mrs. E. Lee
Trower of Balboa, employed in the
Balboa Retail Store.


Page 3


. I







THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


June 19, 1964


And Thanks to You, Too


"Thank you for letting us see the
Canal Zone. We liked it so much."
That, in blue crayon block letters
was the message accompanying this
drawing, sent from Essex Fells, N.J.,
by Charise McFadden. We assume
the Canal Zone was "seen" via the
film "The Panama Canal," because
so far as we know, Charise was not
a personal visitor. Since July of 1962
it has been viewed by television
audiences in the States totaling an
estimated 16,600,000 persons and
almost 340,000 more have seen it in
showings to school, college, church,
civic, fraternal, and other organiza-
tions. Organizations in the United
States which would like to obtain
a copy of the film for showing may
contact an office of Association
Films, Inc. Addresses are: Broad at
Elm, Ridgefield, N.J. 561 Hillgrove
Avenue, La Grange, Ill.; 1621
Dragon Street, Dallas 7, Tex.;
25358 Cypress Avenue, Hayward,


Calif.; 324 Delaware Avenue, Al-
legheny County, Oakmont, Pa. Users
pay only return postage.


Record Shows Agencies Now Settle

Big Share of Appeals by Workers


First-year operation of the new
Government-wide system for hand-
ling employee appeals from adverse
actions of their agencies resulted in
resolution of more appeals within
agencies and fewer appeals to the
Civil Service Commission.
The new system requires all agen-
cies to operate systems for consider-
ing employee appeals from adverse
actions-firings, suspensions for more
than 30 days, payless furloughs, and
reductions in rank or compensation.
It also permits employees-nonvet-
erans as well as veterans-to appeal
to their agencies or to CSC. Em-
ployees have a second opportunity
to appeal to the Commission if they


Special Cachet

Scheduled for

New Jet Flight
A special cachet will be author-
ized and philatelic treatment will be
provided for letters mailed in the
Canal Zone for transportation to
Quito, Ecuador, on the inaugural
southbound flight of Pan American-
Panagra jet service from Miami to
Quito, on or about July 1.
Persons desiring to send covers
on this flight should prepare them
in the usual manner. The covers
should be addressed to the persons
who are to receive them in Ecuador
and postage prepaid at 15 cents a
half ounce. Postage must be prepaid
with Canal Zone postage stamps.
The covers should be enclosed in
another envelope addressed to the
Postmaster, Balboa, Canal Zone, and
the covering envelope should be
marked to show it contains special
covers for the inaugural flight.
The covers should arrive at the
Balboa Post Office no later than
June 27. Covers already postmarked
and those posted in the usual manner
will not receive the inaugural flight
cachet.


Society Marks

Canal Anniversary
The 50th anniversary of the
opening of the Panama Canal was
celebrated recently by the Panama
Canal Society of Washington, D.C.
C. Owen Smith, Assistant to the
Undersecretary of the Army, was the
main speaker and Maurice H. That-
cher, only surviving member of the
Isthmian Canal Commission, was
toasmaster.
President Johnson sent a telegram
to the society which stated, ". . we
do not forget that your hard work,
sacrifice, and devotion 50 years ago
were essential to this great engi-
neering triumph."
About 68 of the men who worked
on construction of the Canal remain
in the Washington area.


first elect to appeal to their agencies.
A recent CSC report on the
appeals during fiscal year 1963
showed:
1. Agencies took an estimated
36,490 adverse actions against em-
ployees during the first year under
the new program. Only 1 out of 18
actions was appealed either to em-
ploying agencies or CSC-3.4 per-
cent to agencies and 2.3 percent
directly to the Commission.
2. Of 759 cases decided by agen-
cies, 301 (or 2 out of 5) were decided
in the employee's favor, either by
reversal of the action or change of
the original penalty.
3. Of 455 cases appealed directly
to the Commission, 115 (1 of 4) were
decided in favor of the employee.
The Commission estimated that
the number of appeals it received in
fiscal 1963 was 85 percent of the
total it considered in fiscal 1962, an
indication that employees are using
the new agency-appeals system.


Balboa High To Offer

Course in Physiology
A new course will be added to the
Balboa High School curriculum next
year-human physiology. The single
class of 25 students will be taught by
James N. Cook, who has taught
physiology at St. Petersburg High
School, St. Petersburg, Fla.
The class will study human anat-
omy and the functions of the body,
excellent basic preparation for a
career in medical technology, nurs-
ing, and many other fields of
medicine.


Testimonial Dinner

Rescheduled July 17
A testimonial dinner to be held at
the Hotel El Panama Hilton in honor
of the Rev. E. S. Alphonse, pastor
of the Panama Methodist Church,
has been set for July 17 instead of
June 19, it has been announced by
the Panama Wesley Men's League,
sponsor of the affair.
Reservations may be made during
the evening from 6 to 9 p.m. in the
church vestry.
Entertainment will include the
"Astronauts" from Santa Cruz and
the "Debutante Girls." The dinner
will be held in the Bella Vista Room
of the hotel.


Last Week's Visitors
JUNE 7-13, 1964
Miraflores Locks -_---- 1,021
Gatun Locks.------------- 176
Las Cruces, 3 trips _----- 270
Reina Manuelita I, 1 trip__ 20
Passenger ships, 2 ---_- 1,600
Grand Total --_--_ 3,087


'64 JayCee Golf Championships

Scheduled for July 8, 9, and 10


The 1964 JayCee Golf Champion-
ships will be held July 8, 9, and 10,
to select a team to represent the
Canal Zone in the International
JayCee Tournament later this year
in Minnesota. Play July 8 will be at
the Brazos Brook Golf Club on the
Atlantic side of the Isthmus, and
play July 9 and 10 will be over the
18-hole Fort Amador course, the
JayCee Committee announced.
The committee is composed of the
Panama Amateur Golf Association,
the Panama Golf Club, the JayCees
of Panama and Colon, and many
local businessmen.
The four low-scoring boys in the
13-to-17 age group will go to the
United States to represent this area
in the annual international tourna-
ment. The four boys are sent on an
expense-free basis. Teams from
Guam, Japan, Okinawa, the Canal
Zone, Puerto Rico, Germany, Mexico,
and Canada have competed.
The 1964 International JayCee
Championships will be held at St.
Paul, Minn., from Monday, August 3,
to Saturday, August 8. Competition
will be both for individual cham-
pionships and the National JayCee
Champion title, won in 1963 by Don
Iverson. The Canal Zone's Jeff Riley,
son of James Riley, Sr., Communica-
tions Branch, placed second in last
year's competition.
Play in the local JayCee Cham-
pionship is divided into two age
groups: boys who are 13 years of
age or over, but who will not have
reached their 18th birthday approxi-
mately 1 week prior to the beginning
of play in the National Champion-
ships, and boys under 13 years
of age.
In the 13-to-17 age group, the
contestants will play 36 holes, after
which the low 18 scorers will be
placed in the championship flight.


Gordon's Gin Cage

Spread in Offensi

Gordon's Gin and White Horse,
pre-season picks for first and third
places, respectively, were tied for the
lPadl in the Cvrca Basketball League


The next low 18 will form the first
flight, the next low 18 the second
flight, and so on. Each following
low-scoring 18 players will form a
flight of play.
At the end of 54 holes, the four
boys scoring the lowest in the cham-
pionship flight will be picked as
local representatives to the National
JayCee Championships. The winner
and runner-up in this flight will be
awarded trophies, and each member
of the team will receive a trophy.
Other awards, such as golfers'
sweaters and insignia, also will be
given out.
Trophies and prizes will be pre-
sented to other contestants in
the tournament. Trophies will be
awarded to the winner and runner-up
in the first and second flights and
the "Pee Wee" flight (13 and under).
In addition, golf equipment, watches,
and other merchandise will be
awarded.
All entries for the local tourna-
ment must be turned in to the club
of which the contestant is a member,
with handicap, not later than July 5.
Entry forms will be available at all
golf clubs on the Isthmus.
Dates and places of practice
rounds, certain regulations about
"teeing off" time will apply and must
be observed, as well as the require-
ment that all play must be in
foursomes.
All players competing in the 13-
to-17 age group flights must use
caddies in tournament play. Caddies
must be those regularly employed
at the golf club. Caddy fee for each
18 holes of tournament play will be
$1.50. No caddies will be .required
for practice rounds.
No eliminations will be played. All
boys in the 13-17 age group may
play for the full 3 days.


rs Display Broad

ve Threat Talent

Rosemen were downed by more than
50 points in their opener. The follow-
ing night they lost by only 1 point.


Contestants under 13 years of age
will play 9 holes Friday, July 10,
teeing off from the ladies' tees at
Fort Amador. They also will be
awarded prizes.
All awards and prizes will be
presented at a luncheon at the Fort
Amador Golf Club Friday, July 10.
Full sponsor representation will
attend, along with representatives
from Isthmian golf clubs.
All boys are urged to turn in their
entries as soon as possible at their
local golf clubs.


Cyrca League Standings*
Team W L GB
Gordon's Gin ---- 2 0 0
White Horse 2 0 0
Peugeot 404 ... 2 1 i
Seagram's V.O ..--_- 1 1 1
Four Roses -. 0 2 2
Ron Cortez -. 0 3 2K
STATISTICS *
Scoring
Culbreth, P- ------ 53
R. Reyes, WH -- 47
D. Aseron, FR ______ 44
Bowman, GG ------- -- 41
Carroll, GG _-- _-_- 39 W
Rebounds
Wellington, P- _-_---- 46
R. Reyes, WH .--- __ __--_ 42
Anderson, RC ---_-- 27
Brandenburg, WH.._.._ 25
Nesbitt, RC-___- ____ 22
Cronan, GG ----____ 22
Shooting Percentage
(Minimum of 10 shots)
Carroll, GG 59.26
Leon, GG ______ 58.33
R. Reyes, WH .__ 57.58
Bowman, GG------- 56.67
D. Aseron, FR----- 54.05
Free-Throw Percentage
(Minimum of 10 shots)
Anderson, RC ___- 84.62
R. Reyes, WH _-__ 81.82
Wainio, S _--_- 80.00
Culbreth, P .-_____- __- 78.95
D. Stevens, GG __-.-. 70.00
*As of Monday, June 15.
**As of Sunday, June 14.


as of Monday.
The Ginners had five players with CYRCA LEAGUE SCHEDULE
double-figure averages: Bob Bow- Basketball
man (20.5), Archie Carroll (19.5), Monday-June 22-Gordon's Gin vs. White Horse, 7:30 p.m.
Dale Stevens (17.5), Jeff Leon (17.0) Tuesday-June 23-Seagram's V.O. vs. Peugeot 404, 6:30 p.m.
and John Cronan (13.0). Through Ron Cortez vs. Four Roses, 8 p.m.
last weekend, Cronan was tied for Wednesday-June 24-Ron Cortez vs. Gordon's Gin, 7:30 p.m.
fifth in rebounds with 22 and Carroll, Thursday-June 25-White Horse vs. Seagram's V.O., 6:30 p.m.
Leon, and Bowman were one, two, Peugeot 404 vs. Four Roses, 8 p.m.
four in the shooting percentage Monday-June 29-Ron Cortez vs. White Horse, 7:30 p.m.
department. Gordon's Gin also had Tuesday-June 30-Seagram's V.O. vs. Four Roses, 6:30 p.m.
four of the top ten free-throw Gordon's Gin vs. Peugeot 404, 8 p.m.
shooters and four of the top ten Wednesday-July 1-Peugeot 404 vs. White Horse, 7:30 p.m.
scorers. Thursday-July 2-Gordon's Gin vs. Four Roses, 6:30 p.m.
Ron Cortez vs. Seagram's V.O., 8 p.m.
White Horse has relied primarily
on Ram6n Reves, Carlos Branden-
burg, and Ram6n Quesada. Branden-
burg has chipped in 26 points and his /
25 rebounds are second only to
Reyes' 42. Reyes is second in re-
bounds, scoring (47) and free-throw
percentage, and third in shooting
percentage. Quesada has 36 points.
Peugeot 404 defeated Ron Cortez
84-50 Monday to move into second
place with a 2-1 record. The Carmen /
have the leading rebounder in Don
Wellington (46) and the leading
scorer in Roy Culbreth (58).
Ron Cortez is being plagued by
the fact that they have the next-to-
worst shooting percentage in the
league-.329. Four players are aver-
aging 14 or more points a game but
are missing too many shots.
Seagram's V.O. is having scoring
problems while Four Roses is match-
ing Ron Cortez for cellar honors. The "Inspected and found in good condition-August 13, 1940."


Page 4







June 19, 1964


THE PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY


TEXT OF CONCLUSIONS


N REPORT OF ICJ


Following is the complete ver-
batim text of conclusions of the
International Commission of Jurists
in regard to the events of Jan-
uary 9-12, 1964.
The Commission is a private
organization of lawyers, judges, and
law professors throughout the non-
Communist world. It was asked by
the National Bar Association of Pan-
ama to investigate charges that
actions by the United States had
violated the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, adopted by the
General Assembly of the United
Nations in 1948.
The ICJ has consultation status
with the Economic and Social
Council of the UN.
Text of the conclusions contained
in the report released at Geneva,
Switzerland, June 10:

PART VII
Conclusions
A. General-85. In the course of our
work a number of problems of intern-
national law have arisen, such as,
the interpretation of the Convention
of 1903, other Conventions between
the United States and the Republic
O of Panama, legal aspects of shooting
from one territory into another, vio-
lations of national territory, the right
of peaceful assembly of citizens of
one territory in another territory, and
a number of other questions involv-
ing the interpretation or definition of
particular international and/or mu-
nicipal laws which might be applica-
ble to the situation. We do not think
it is our function to deal with or
decide these problems.
86. The issues to be decided by us
depend on questions of fact and on
the proper interpretation of the Uni-
versal Declaration of Human Rights,
and its implications. We have en-
deavoured in the conclusions reached
to construe the relevant Articles of
the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights in accordance with the ac-
cepted principles relating to such
Articles, the principles of natural
justice, the generally recognized con-
cepts of the Rule of Law, and good
common sense. In doing so we have
also carefully considered the relevant
Articles of the European Convention
on Human Rights, of the Inter-
American Draft Convention on Hu-
man Rights,.as well as the relevant
provisions contained in national con-
stitutions.
B. Article 3 of the Universal Decla-
ration of Human Rights-87. Article
3 of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights provides that:
"Everyone has the right to life,
liberty and security of person."
88. The allegation we were asked
to investigate was that the United
States had violated this Article. On
the facts proved before us, we are
unable to come to this conclusion.
89. Undoubtedly there was, as a
result of the firing by the United
States armed forces, a tragic loss of
life on the Panamanian side. It must
be recognized that in all civilized
communities such an absolute right,
as is enshrined in Article 3, would
not exclude certain necessary and
reasonable exceptions. Thus, it
would not be a contravention of
Article 3 to deprive a person of life,
liberty and security of person in
order to prevent injury to other per-
sons from unlawful violence and in
order to quell a riot or violent dis-
turbance, provided, however, that
the force used was not more than
that absolutely necessary. The neces-
sary minimum force may include
the use of firearms.
90. The tempo and violence of
the disturbances were such that there
is little doubt that they held out
a real threat to life and security,
which could only be met by strong
measures. In these circumstances
the Canal Zone Authorities and the
United States military forces were
entitled to use force. Nevertheless,
we entertained some doubts as to
whether the force used, at some
stages, was not in excess of the mini-
mum absolutely necessary. In partic-
'ular the following caused us concern:


1. In regard to the shooting by
the Canal Zone police with revolvers
during the early part of the evening
of January 9, we are concerned with
the following matters:
(a) While the Canal Zone Police
had exhausted the greater part of
the tear-gas available to them, it was
established that they did not try to
obtain additional supplies.
(b) No attempt appears to have
been made to use water jets to calm
down and control the crowd.
(c) It also appears that, while
orders were given to shoot over the
heads of people or into the ground in
front of the crowd, people in the
crowd were struck by bullets which
did not appear to be "ricochet"
bullets.
2. A large number of bullets (ap-
proximately 400-500) were fired by
United States Army trained marks-
men using high velocity rifles. In a
residential and densely populated
area such extensive use of high fire-
power is a disturbing feature.
3. The exercise and show of force
by United States Army personnel
by marching in full battle kit right
up to a crowd in Colon, with guns
mounted with bayonets drawn in a
position of attack.
91. While these matters have
caused us concern we have to take
into account all the surrounding
circumstances and in particular the
following:
Revolver Fire (See [1] above)
(a) The comparatively small num-
ber of Canal Zone Police (75-80).
(b) The large dimensions and vio-
lent temper of the crowds.
(.c) The deliberate and extensive
use of incendiaries ("Molotov Cock-
tails").
(d) The failure of the Panamanian
authorities and of the Guardia Nacio-
nal to take effective steps to control
the crowd and maintain order within
the territory of the Republic of
Panama.
Rifle Fire (See [2] above)
(a) The heavy firing from the
Panamanian side, by a variety of
weapons, running into hundreds of
bullets (estimated close to 1,000).
(b) The fact that the United
States Army did not order firing by
rifles until it had sustained several
casualties as a result of the firing
from the Panamanian territory.
(c) The failure of the Panamanian
authorities and of the Guardia Na-
cional to remove snipers and other
elements using firearms within Pana-
manian territory directed against the
Canal Zone.
Use of Bayonets (See [3] above)
(a) A large and threatening crowd
had gathered and a section of the
crowd had started causing destruc-
tion and damage.
(b) The show of force could have
been considered an effective means
of dispersing the crowd.
(c) The failure of the Guardia
Nacional to maintain order, to dis-
perse the crowd and to prevent un-
lawful acts of violence.
92. Considering all the above sur-
rounding circumstances, and in par-
ticular the grave acts of violence and
the threat to life and security in-
volved, we have come to the con-
clusion that, even if the force used
by the Canal Zone Authorities and
the United States Army may have
been at certain stages somewhat in
excess of what was absolutely neces-
sary at the time, the force used seems
to have been justified; taking into
account such rapidly moving, criti-
cal, and violent conditions, it
is impossible to lay down a fine
distinguishing line of what should
have been the absolute minimum
necessary.
93. We regret deeply that the
Panamanian authorities made no at-
tempt during the critical early hours,
as well as for almost three days
thereafter, to curb and control the
violent activities of the milling
crowds. On the contrary, there is
considerable evidence to indicate
that broadcasts over radio, television
and loud-speakers, newspapers, and
other means were adopted to incite
and misinform the Panamanian pub-
lic without any action by the Pana-


manian authorities to curtail or
moderate such activities.
C. Article 5 of the Universal Decla-
ration of Human Rights-94. Article
5 of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights provides that:
"No one shall be subjected to
torture or to cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punish-
ment."
95. The allegation we were asked
to investigate under this heading
was that the United States had vio-
lated this Article by reason of the
action of the Canal Zone Police and
of the United States armed forces
in shooting at the Panamanian civil
population. As set out in detail in
Part II, the occasions when shooting
was resorted to by the Canal Zone
police or United States Army were:
(1) revolver fire by Canal Zone
police to prevent the crowds from
surging forward and coming further
into the Canal Zone, when it was
patent that the purpose of these
crowds was to commit unlawful acts
of violence; (2) rifle shots by trained
marksmen of the United States Army
to silence the snipers on the Pana-
manian side and thus to prevent
further casualties to the United
States armed personnel as well as
civilians; (3) firing of bird-shot to
repel violent crowds from forcing
an entry into the Canal Zone and also
to silence snipers; and (4) shooting
in order to put out the street lights.
96. We doubt if this Article was
intended to deal with situations such
as those under review. Article 5 ap-
pears to us to have been intended
to deal with cases of persons who
have already lost their liberty, or
who are being subjected to endemic
ill-treatment, rather than to deal with
a temporary, emergency situation.
97. However, even if this be in-
correct, it appears to us that the
issues involved here are identical to
those already dealt with in regard
to the allegation of a violation of
Article 3. Accordingly, on the basis
of the same reasoning adopted by
us in regard to our previous conclu-
sion we do not accept the allegation
that the United States violated
Article 5.
D. Article 20 of the Universal Decla-
ration of Human Rights-98. The
allegation of the National Bar Asso-
ciation of Panama under this head
was of a breach by the United States
of Article 20 of the Universal Decla-
ration of Human Rights. However,
we take it that the allegation is in
fact limited to Sub-Article (1) of
Article 20; Sub-Article (2) does not
seem to have any relevance to the
matters under investigation.
99. Article 20(1) provides that:
"Everyone has the right to free-
dom of peaceful assembly and
association."
100. It is universally accepted
that such an absolute right as is
granted by Article 20(1) must neces-
sarily be curtailed in even the freest
and most democratic society to meet
the interests of national security or
public safety, or for the prevention
of disorder, violence or crime, or for
the protection of rights and freedoms
of others.
101. We would here refer to the
Inter-American Draft Convention on
Human Rights, Article 12 whereof
provides:
"The right of peaceful assembly,
without arms, is recognized. No
restrictions may be placed on
the exercise of this right other
than those imposed in conform-
ity with the law and necessary
in a democratic society in the
interest of national security,
public safety or public order,
or for the protection of public
health or morals, or of the rights
and freedom of others."
102. Similar provisions delimiting
the right of free assembly are con-
tained in most national constitu-
tions, including the Constitution of
Panama.
103. The facts and background
with regard to the flag incident and


the demonstration by the students
of the National Institute of Panama
on the afternoon of January 9 at the
Balboa High School in the Canal
Zone have been set out in some
detail in Part I.
104. In view of the turn events
took, we are unable to come to a
conclusion that there was a violation
of the right of assembly as guaran-
teed in Article 20(1), for the reason
that the Canal Zone police were en-
titled to use force and disperse the
assembly to prevent disorder and an
outbreak of violence.
105. We cannot, however, help
feeling that the Canal Zone author-
ities, and in particular the Canal
Zone police, could have handled
the situation with greater foresight.
The Panamanian students having
been permitted to stage their demon-
stration and march into the com-
pound of the Balboa School, and the
police captain having assured the
safe conduct of the small group of
Panamanian students who were to
carry out their flag demonstration
and sing the Panamanian national
anthem, we think that the Panama-
nian students should have been
better protected, and that the prov-
ocative acts of the United States stu-
dents and citizens should have been
more firmly handled. It was particu-
larly unfortunate that physical force,
by the use of batons on the Pana-
manian students who had been
previously assured safe conduct, was
not avoided.
106. We would also observe that
it is patent that under the charged
atmosphere of the area, the flag had
become a special symbol for the
Panamanians as well as the citizens
of the United States, particularly
the students. In this atmosphere,
and in the light of the accord reached
in June 1962 between Presidents
Kennedy and Chiari, we find it diffi-
cult to understand why the Canal
Zone authorities, including the Bal-
boa School authorities, did not take
firmer and stronger action to imple-
ment the flag agreement with regard
to their own students.
-107. With regard to the allegation
that the right of assembly was vio-
lated on January 9, 10, and 11 by
reason of the actions of the Canal
Zone police and of the United States
armed forces in firing small arms
and in using tear-gas for the purpose
of preventing such right of assembly
inside the Republic of Panama, we
do not accept that there was any
such violation because the crowds
against whom such measures were
taken were not peaceful but were
violent and posed an immediate
threat to public safety.
E. Article 13(1) of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights-
108. Sub-Article (1) of Article 13
of the Universal Declaration of Hu-
man Rights provides that:
"Everyone has the right to free-
dom of movement and residence
within the borders of each
state."
109. The Panamanian allegation
of "blockade" implies that by reason
of the control exercised by the
United States Army over the Colon
Corridor and the Bridge of the Amer-
icas (Thatcher Ferry Bridge) Article
13(1) of the Universal Declaration
was violated. We do not find this
allegation proved.
110. Insofar as the Colon Corridor
is concerned, it was proved that in
the early hours of the morning of
January 10, the United States armed
forces established a check-point at
the end of the Colon Corridor where
it enters Central Avenue within the
Canal Zone limit. The purpose of
this check-point was to ensure that
persons in possession of weapons and
firearms did not go through, and it
would appear that no person was
stopped from passing the check-
point. The establishment of such a
check-point in itself does not, in our
opinion, constitute an infringement
of freedom of movement as guaran-
teed by Article 13(1) of the Univer-
sal Declaration of Human Rights.


111. For some time at night all
traffic over the Bridge of the Amer-
icas (Thatcher Ferry Bridge) ap-
pears to have been completely closed
except for some official traffic. There
was also imposed at both ends of the
Bridge a check and inspection to
screen the traffic. This does consti-
tute a restriction on the free move-
ment of traffic. The closing of traffic
at night caused inconvenience and
even hardship in respect of com-
mercial traffic carrying supplies and
commodities transported at night,
such as milk, etc. In view, however,
of all the surrounding circumstances,
particularly the importance of en-
suring the security and safety of the
Bridge and of the traffic over it, we
are of the opinion that thisirestriction
was in the nature of control during
an emergency and was such as did
not amount to an infringement of the
right of freedom of movement con-
templated by Article 13(1).
F. Inequality of Treatment-112. Re-
garding the alleged inequality of
treatment in the Canal Zone, we are
unable, on the basis of the limited
materials placed before us, to reach
a specific conclusion. We feel, how-
ever, that we should convey certain
clear impressions we have formed.
113. Since the construction of
the Canal, separate communities
have lived on two sides of what is
known as the Canal Zone Border.
On the one side United States citi-
zens in the Canal Zone, and on the
other Panamanians in the Republic
of Panama. Over the years it has
given rise to a divergency in the way
of life, in the economy, and in the
outlook of the two peoples living in
close proximity and yet in virtual
isolation frorh each other. It is un-
fortunate that the United States cit-
izens who have lived all their lives
in the Canal Zone, and, perhaps more
particularly, the second and third
generation United States citizens
who were born and raised in the
Canal Zone, have developed a partic-
ular state of mind not conducive to
the promotion of happier relations
between them and the people of Pan-
ama. Indeed, on the contrary, this
particular state of mind has resulted
in building up resentment over the
decades which has found expression
in the type of unbalanced attitudes
on both sides such as on the subject
of flying their respective flags, as was
demonstrated during the unfortunate
days covered by this report, and also
for some considerable time previ-
ously. The passage of time, instead
of assuaging these conflicting ten-
dencies, appears to have aggravated
them. Tension and resentment have
increased in a vicious circle and have
not been improved by certain reac-
tions of the Panamanians.
114. We cannot help feeling that
the United States, having regard to
the special situation it occupies in
the world, and with its resources
and ideals, should reflect upon these
sad facts and take effective steps to
make possible a reorientation and
change in the outlook and thinking
of the people living in the Canal
Zone. Undoubtedly this is a difficult
and uphill task but it would yield
rich dividends in healthier relations
with the people of Panama. The
Government of Panama and the life
and economy of Panama is in many
ways so closely tied to the Panama
Canal that it would not be out of
place to suggest that the Panamanian
Government and Panamanian people
should also reflect upon the facts as
they appear to impartial observers
and should exercise tolerance, mod-
eration and understanding in their
relations with the United States and
Canal Zone authorities.
115. In conclusion we express the
fervent hope that in some small
measure our work will contribute to
the growth of understanding, co-
operation and amity between the
two countries and their peoples, so
that they may move forward in
the furtherance of their mutual
vital interest.

A. D. BELINFANTE
GlSTAF PETRLN
NAVROZ VAKIL


Page 5





EL CANAL DE PANAMA




SSpillPwaa


Vol. II, No. 52 50 Anlos de Servicios . Para el Comercio Mundial Viernes 19 de Junio de 1964


SEMANA DE SEGURIDAD DE LANCHAS


SERA LA DE JUNIOR 28 A JULIO 4


dQui significa seguridad a bordo?
dCuales son las responsabilidades
de un operario de lancha pequefia?
dQue es lo que hace en caso de
emergencia?
Estas y docenas de otras preguntas
relacionadas con la seguridad en las
lanchas las estAn discutiendo actual-


Hacen Colecta Para

Los Huerfanos del

Sargento Norsworthy

La organizaci6n de empleados del
Canal que trabajan en el Edificio de
la Administraci6n en Balboa Heights,
hizo contribuciones por un total de
$314 a un fondo reunido para ayudar
a cuatro nifios, menores, de los des-
Saparecidos esposos Sargento M. R.
Norsworthy y su sefiora, del Fuerte
Clayton, quienes fallecieron en un
accident automovilistico en el
Puente Ferry Thatcher el 2 de junior.
El dinero fue agregado 'a otro
fondo reunido en el Club de la
Legi6n Americana en Balboa, donde
trabajaba la Sra. Norsworthy.
Elmer Orr, que es miembro de la
Legi6n Americana y empleado de la
Contraloria, organize la colecta en
el Edificio de la Administraci6n. Dijo
que el dinero habia sido entregado
a las autoridades militares de los
EE. UU. para ayudar a los nifios,
que han sido enviados a los Estados
Unidos para vivir con sus abuelos.


mente los duefios de lanchas peque-
fias en la Zona del Canal, con motive
de la Semana de Seguridad de Lan-
chas Pequefias, que se celebrarA del
28 de junior al 4 de julio.
Por primera vez este afio, el Canal
de PanamA toma parte en una cam-
pafia para promover la seguridad en
la operaci6n de embarcaciones pe-
quefias en aguas de la Zona del
Canal. Durante various afios los regla-
mentos han sido publicados en folle-
tos distribuidos a los operarios de
lanchas a motor y pequefias embar-
caciones, mientras que miembros del
Canal Zone Pacific Power Squadron,
del United States Power Squadrons,
han impartido classes regularmente
sobre el manejo de lanchas pequefias.
Ha crecido el 6nfasis en la segu-
ridad de las lanchas con el aumento
en la cantidad de pequefias lanchas
que operan ahora en aguas de la
Zona del Canal en ambos lados del
Istmo y los Lagos de Gatin y
Madden. MAs de 600 lanchas peque-
fias estAn registradas actualmente
con la Divisi6n de Navegaci6n del
Canal. Puede haber muchas, muchas
mAs, que no se han registrado
todavia.
Funcionarios de la organizaci6n
del Canal de PanamA, miembros del
Power Squadron y descados miem-
bros de las organizaciones locales de
lanchas se han unido en una cam-
pafia para promover las prActicas y
procedimientos adecuados en la ope-
raci6n de lanchas y para extender
las facilidades a todos los duefios
de lanchas en los exAmenes, obten-


DIRIGENTE OBRERO VISIT


EL ISTMO POR UNOS DIAS


Andrew C. McLellan a quien el
President George Meany, de la
AFL-CIO nombrara, recientemente,
como Director de Asuntos Interame-
ricanos de dichos sindicatos, visit
O hace poco la Zona del Canal de paso
para Washington, D.C., procedente
de Sudambrica. Durante su corta
permanencia en el Istmo, hizo una
visit de cortesia al Gobemador
Robert J. Fleming, Jr., con quien
cambi6 impresiones relatives a los
proyectos y actividades de la orga-
nizaci6n laboral en Centro y Sud-
america.
McLellan, ampliamente conocido
en circulos laboristas de Estados
Unidos y LatinoamBrica, reemplaza
en ese cargo a Serafino Romualdi,
con quien ha estado vinculado dcsde


1960. Romualdi jefatura ahora en
Washington, D.C., el Instituto Ame-
ricano de Libre Desarrollo Obreril.
AdemAs de las atribuciones inhe-
rentes a su nuevo cargo, McLellan
actuary como director del Boletin
Interamericano del Trabajo.
Oriundo de Escocia, McLellan ha
venido actuando en asuntos laboris-
tas desde 1926 y en recientes afios
ha comprometido sus mejores em-
pefios en el Ambito latinoamericano.
En 1956 fue representante de la
Organizaci6n Regional Interameri-
cana de Trabajadores en Guatemala,
posici6n que ocup6 hasta 1959
cuando pas6 a ser represetante del
Sindicato Interamericano de Traba-
jadores de Alimentos y Bebidas con
sede en San Jos6 de Costa Rica.


EL SPILLWAY CELEBRA HOY


SU SEGUNDO ANIVERSARIO
El SPILLWAY cumple hoy 2 afios de edad-2 afios y 104 ediciones despu6s
de haber sido impreso el primero. Los cambios en su apariencia han sido
muchos, pero su prop6sito de proporcionar informaci6n precisa y valiosa
sobre events, actividades, planes y programs a los empleados del Canal,
ha continuado sin cambio alguno.
Estos son los cambios en tamafio y format del SPILLWAY que se han
llevado a cabo: la primera edici6n fue de 8 por 10 pulgadas y constaba
de cuatro pAginas, con cada articulo en ingl6s y en espafiol; la segunda
edici6n aument6 a 83 por 11 pulgadas; en la novena edici6n, hicieron su
estreno las secciones separadas de dos pAginas en ingles y espaiiol; en la
segunda edici6n de 1963 el tamafio aument6 a 11 por 15 pulgadas; en la
cuarta edici6n de 1963 el largo aument6 a 16 pulgadas y el tamafio aument6
a cuatro pAginas en ingl6s y cuatro en espafiol; y a comienzos de este afio
el semanario agreg6 otra pulgada de largo.
Todos estos cambios, sin embargo, no pueden ser medidos en pulgadas
de column. El cuerpo de corresponsales del SPILLWAY ha crecido recien-
temente para ofiecer mayores reportajes periodisticos para usted y de usted.
Como hicimos notar al cumplir nuestro primer aniversario-y esto todavia
contin6a-la acogida al SPILLWAY ha aumentado debido a las contribu-
ciones que ha recibido de sus lectores. Con la continuada cooperaci6n como
la que se ha recibido, esperamos seguir sirvi6ndoles por various afios mis.


ci6n de licencias e instrucci6n en el
manejo de lanchas.
Al observer el gran interns que
tienen los residents de la Zona del
Canal en los paseos recreativos en
lancha, el Gobernador Robert J.
Fleming, Jr., ha llamado la atenci6n
sobre la proclamaci6n del Presidente
Lyndon B. Johnson, que ha sefialado
del 28 de junio al 4 de julio como
la Semana Nacional de Seguridad de
Lanchas.


Nuevo Horario

En Estaciones

Del Ferrocarril
Un nuevo horario ha empezado
a regir en las estaciones del tren
de Col6n y de Panamd. El nuevo
.horario implantado es el siguiente:
COLON:
Lunes a viernes: 6:30 a.m. al
mediodia y de 1.:15 a 7:15
p.m.
Sdbado: 2:10 a 7:10 p.m.
Domingo: 7:30 a 10 a.m. y de
10:30 a.m. a 1 p.m.
PANAMA:
Lunes a viernes: 6:45 a.m. a
12:05 p.m. y 1:05 a 6:45 p.m.
Sdbado: 7:45 a 10 a.m. y 10:30
a.m. a 1:15 p.m.
Domingo: 2 a 3:30 p.m. y de
4 a 7:39 p.m.
Durante los dias feriados que
caigan de lunes a viernes se abrird
y cerrard una hora despuds de lo
normal. El horario de sdbados y
domingos no sufrird alteraci6n.
Fuera de las horas hdbiles los
empleados competentes aceptardn
envios por expreso. Esos funcio-
narios estdn en servicio unos 20
minutes antes de la salida de los
trenes regulars de pasajeros.


Vea Pagina 5
para el texto complete
de las conclusions de la
Comisi6n Internacional
de Juristas con respect a
los incidents de enero.



Burbujas Plasticas

Dan la Iluminacion
Treinta y seis globos de plAstico
ofrecen la iluminaci6n requerida
durante las horas del dia en los salo-
nes interns de espera en el nuevo
anexo del Hospital Gorgas.
Esos globos son en efecto traga-
luces instalados en el cieloraso de la
secci6n inferior del anexo de cuatro
altos y sirven para iluminar los dos
salones de espera de las clinics y
laboratories que quedan en esa
secci6n.
Vistos desde encima (v6ase foto
en la secci6n inglesa) los globos dan
la apariencia de pastillas de malva
y de menta. Desde el interior del
edificio se creyera que se trata de
luz artificial. A6n cuando se trata en
efecto de luz natural si se cuenta con
instalaci6n artificial para los dias
entoldados y para la noche.
El anexo al Hospital Gorgas es el
primer edificio erigido en la Zona
del Canal en el cual se emplea el
sistema de "burbujas plAsticas" tra-
galuces. Ese sistema estA incluido
tambidn en los pianos para la nueva
Escuela Intermedia de Curund6 y
la nueva Escuela Elemental de
Diablo.


No Habra Trabajo Para Muchos


Empleados del Canal de Panama


El 3 de Julio, que Sera Feriado

Como el 4 de julio, Aniversario de la Independencia de los
Estados Unidos, caera en sAbado, el viernes 3 de julio sera dia
feriado para muchos empleados del Canal de Panama.
El SPILLWAY, que normalmente se distribuye los viernes, sera
repartido esa semana el jueves.
Esto significa un adelanto en el cierre de plans del SPILLWAY.
El material que se desee publicar en la edici6n del 2 de julio,
deberA estar en la Oficina de Prensa del Canal de Panama a mts
tardar el viernes 26 de junio por la tarde.
El material urgente puede ser recibido y procesado para el
uso durante la misma semana, al mediodia del lunes. Envie su
material al SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA, Box M, Balboa
Heights, Zona del Canal.
Habra todavia dos largos fines de semana mas en el calendario
de 1964.
Estos son el Dia del Trabajo en el fin de semana del 5 al 7 de
septiembre y el fin de semana de Navidad del 25 al 27 de
diciembre.
Otro largo fin de semana, del 19 al 3 de enero, Afio Nuevo,
comenzara el afio 1965.


La Sra. Norma Stamp, Oficinista-Mecan6grafa (al extreme izquierdo), y la
Sra. Magdalena Bushell, Oficinista, Asuntos de Personal, en el Almac6n de
Balboa, prestan su cooperaci6n cuando Samuel Toppin, Capataz de Mante-
nimiento, se suscribe para la compra de Bonos de Ahorro de los Estados
Unidos mediante el plan de deducci6n de salario. Esta campafia se estfi
llevando a cabo durante el mes de junio.



PASEO GRA TIS A BORDO DE

LA LANCHA LAS CRUCES

HABRA EL 4 DE JULIO

La lancha de paseo Las Cruces realizara el pr6ximo 4 de Julio tres
travesias parciales del Canal segin anunci6 Robert J. Byrne, supervisor
del Servicio de Guias de la Zona del Canal.
La lancha puede acomodar unos 600 y los viajes se realizarin sin
cost alguno para los afortunados pasajeros, quienes, ademas podrAn
adquirir refrescos y refrigerios a bordo. Solo se expedirin 200 pasajes
para cada viaje y cuando 6stos se agoten no habri mis.
Las excursions original en el edificio de Asuntos Civiles en Anc6n,
partiendo la primer a las 7:40 de la mafiana, la segund a las 12:40
del dia y la iltima a las 3:40 de la tarde. La lancha zarpara de su embar-
cadero en Pedro Miguel unos 20 minutes despubs de las horas indicadas
arriba. Cada excursion tomara un par de horas mAs o menos.
Los residents de la costa atlAntica que desearen realizar la excursion
deberAn telefonear a Balboa 1492 en solicitud de sus pasajes gratis que
les serAn remitidos por correo. Los residents del litoral pacifico pueden
acudir al escritorio de Informaciones en la rotunda del edificio de
Administraci6n en Balboa Heights o telefonear al n6mero ya dado arriba.


Adb






SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


Junio 19, 1964


Gente en la Noticia


Northon Edmund Joseph es uno de
los bombers panameiios al servicio
del Cuerpo de Bomberos de la Zona
del Canal, en el Cuartel de Balboa.
Joseph lleva ya 8 afios al servicio de
la organizaci6n del Canal de Pana-
mA, todos con el mismo Cuerpo de
Bomberos. Joseph, que naci6 en la
ciudad de Panama, reside ahora en
Gamboa. Curs6 studios universita-
rios en el Primer Ciclo Universitario
de La Boca. Es miembro del CIO
y de la Death Benefit Association en
la Zona del Canal. Es un verdadero
amante del deported, pues le gusta
practicar el golf, volibol, baloncesto,
tennis y tennis de mesa. Joseph esti
encargado del tablero de control
de comunicaciones del Cuartel de
Balboa, en donde se comunica con
todas las unidades del Cuerpo de
Bomberos, especfalmente en casos
de incendio. Es una labor bastante
delicada e important.


Rub6n Harold Austin, es Oficinista-
Mecan6grafo del Cuerpo de Bombe-
ros de la Zona del Canal, en el Cuar-
tel de Balboa, en donde lleva 2 afios
de servicio. Austin, que tiene 6 aiios
al servicio de la organizaci6n del
Canal de PanamA, labor antes en la
Estaci6n de Gasolina de Balboa y
luego en el Ramo de Acueductos y
Laboratorio en Miraflores. Nacido
en la ciudad de PanamA, Austin es
casado y reside con su esposa Mer-
cedes en Santa Cruz. Ellos tienen
tres hijas, Silvia Judith, de 7 afios;
Xiomara Irita, de 5, y Magda Pamela,
de 3. Su trabajo consiste en tender
todos los asuntos relacionados con
la oficina y ayuda tambi6n a los ope-
rarios del tablero de comunicaciones.
Austin hizo studios de comercio en
el Institute Nacional de PanamA y
tambi6n curs6 studios en el Insti-
tuto Nacional de Misica de PanamA.
Es un aficionado del beisbol, futbol,
boxeo, y ademAs toma parte en mu-
chas actividades religiosas en la Re-
pAblica de PanamA, principalmente
cantando en los coros. Algunas veces
ejecuta selecciones al piano y al
6rgano.


Panama Sera Sede de la Octava



Conferencia Interamericana de



Seguridad Social en el ano 1966


La S6ptima Conferencia Interame-
ricana de Seguridad Social, que
acaba de clausurar sus sesiones en
Asunci6n, Paraguay, ha escogido a
la ciudad de Panama como sede de
la Octava Conferencia Interameri-
cana, que se celebrarA en 1966. La
conferencia hizo un llamamiento
para que se formule un plan inter-
americano destinado a robustecer los
sistemas de seguridad social en
Latinoamerica.
A ese efecto, la conferencia enco-
mend6 a la secretaria general la inte-
graci6n de una comisi6n especial en-
cargada de elaborar el proyecto
general de este plan, y la comisi6n
enviarA, a la mayor brevedad posi-
ble, a los gobiernos v a las institu-
clones miembros de la conferencia,
las normas que pueden servir de guia


para la formulaci6n de los planes
nacionales de desarrolo de la segu-
ridad social, asi como un cuestionario
destinado a completar la documen-
taci6n disponible.
La comisi6n especial elaborarA
una sintesis de today la documenta-
ci6n obtenida y la enviara a los go-
biernos v a las instituciones miem-
bros de la conferencia para que, de
acuerdo con esa sintesis v con las
normas recibidas, formulen un es-
quemn die plan national de desarro-
Hlo, asi como sus puntos de vista
sobre el plan interamericano.
La conferencia aprob6 una reso-
luci6n en que se recomienda que la
seguridad social forme part de los
prograSmas generals de desarrollo
econ6mico y social en el hemisferio.


' 5,.
+ j


u", *w17







F~~er- ras -


Unos traviesos ascendieron a la
"Vieja 299," la locomotora del Ferro-
carril de PanamA que se encuentra
en exhibici6n pennanente en la Esta-
ci6n del Ferrocarril de Balboa. Ellos
la ascendieron a "300" con un im-
provisado trabajo de pintura. Los
pintores le borraron el nimero.


;I


CANAL 2
DOMINGO
11:30-Documental
12:00-Peleas que hicieron historic
12:30-Show del Mediodia
2:00-Cine en su casa
3:30-Telcteatro
4:30-Fiesta de Estrellitas
5:00-Carnaval de Cartones
6:00-Circulo de Arte Dramitico
6:30--ntriga en Hawai
7:30-La Estrella y su Hisloria
8:00-El Especticulo Mas Grande
del Mundo
9:00-El Vagabundo
9:30-Teleteatro
LUNES
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:15-Roy Rodgers
12:45-Noticias
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:00-Avances
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
3:00-Teleteatro
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-Dick Tracy
6:30-Noticias
7:00-El Niiio del Circo
7:30-Mister Ed
8:00-El Detective Millonario
9:00-Foro de Opini6n
10:00-Noticias
10:15-Teleteatro
MARTES
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:15-Roy Rodgers
12:45-Noticias
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:00-Avances
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
3:00-Teleteatro
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-Pinocho
6:30-Noticias
7:00-Show de Donna Reed
7:30--Fuego de Juventud
8:00-El Fugitivo
9:00-La Marina de McHale
9:30-El Abogado Audaz
10:00-Noticias
10:15-Teleteatro
MIERCOLES
.12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:15-Roy Rodgers
12:45-Noticias
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:00-Avances
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
3:00-Teleteatro
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mluier
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00--Popeye
6:30-Noticias
7:00-Buggs Bunnty
7:30 Blanquita Ainaro
8:00--Los Detectives
9:00- Los Tralajadores
):30-Allred Hitchcock
0:0(1- Noticias
10:15-Teleteatro
JUEVES
S2:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:15-Roy Rodgers
12:45-Noticias
1:00 -Show de i1. U'na
1.30 Cine Serie Senmanal
2:00-Avances
2: 15-Reportajes Mundiales
:3:00-Teleteatro
4:30-C1arnaval de Cartones
5:00(-Mtlodo de la Muiter
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:(00-El Poderoso H6rcules
:310- Notlicias
7:00)-El Rebelde
7:30--Show Internacional
8:30-Arresto y Juicio
10:00-Noticias
1(0:15-Teleteatro
VIERNES
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:15-Roy Rodgers
12:45-Noticias
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Senianal
2:00-Avances
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
3:00-Teleteatro
)30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-lMundo de Ia NlMuer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-El Cegato Magoo
6:30-Noticias
7:00-Los Angeles Azules
7:30-Picapiedras
8:00-Combate
9:00-La Ciudad Desnuda
10:00-Noticias
10:15-Sala de Proyeccion
10:45-Teleteatro
SABADO
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:15-Roy Rodgers
12:45-Noticias
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Teleteatro
3:00-Avances
3:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:00-Sarao de Tevedos
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-Popeye
6:30-Noticias
7:00-CapitLin Marte y XL-5
7:30-Teatro de Lloyd Bridges
8:00-Ben Casey
9:00-Rnmbo a lo Desconocido
10:00-Noticias
10:15-Teleteatro


11:30
12:25-
12:51-
1- i5
12:55-
1:15-
4:00-
4:30-
5:00-
5:30-
6:00-
6.30-
7:00-
7:30-
8:00-
8:30-
9:00-
9:30-
10:30-
11:00-


En Su Pantalla


Viernes 19 __



Sabado 20--___
Domingo 21 y
Lunes 22 --
Martes 23 ----

Miercoles 24

Jueves 25 --_-

Viernes 26_--


PARAISO
A Girl Named Tamiko

Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
The Nightfighters
A Child Is Waiting
West Side Story


Guns Of Fort Petticoat and
Knock On Any Door


The Black Zoo and
Cosmic Man
Day Of The Outlaw and
Last Time I Saw Archie
Burn Witch Burn

Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
No Name On The Bullet


SANTA CRUZ
The Young Doctors and
Lady Of Vengeance


Alakazam The Great
The Counterfeit Traitor

The Black Zoo and
Cosmic Man
Guns Of Fort Petticoat and
Knock On Any Door
Burn Witch Burn

Day Of The Outlaw and
Last Time I Saw Archie


JUEVES
Titeres y C6micas
Pete y Gladys
Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
Informative del Mediodia
Novela senanal
-Documental
La cocina en TV
Novela de las 5
La Novel Juvenil
Serie de Aventuras
Lassie
-Noticias
Samurai
-La IHora de Orange Crush
-Novela
Novela de las i9
Dick Powell
Destino
El Mundo al Vuelo


VIERNES
11:30-Titt-res y C6micas
12:25-Viendo a Biondi
1 2:51-Carrousel Ilipico y Ileportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1 15-Novela semanal
4:00-Documental
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-Furia
7:00-Notirias
7:30-Show de Van Dyke
8:00-Las Estrellas y Usted
8:30-Novela
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-El Santo
10:30-Boxco
11:30-El Mundo al Vuelo

SABADO
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Revolver a la Orden
] 2:51-Ca-rousel Iipicoy Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del NM-diodia
1:15-De Interes Para Usted
1:30-Annic Oakley
2:00-l]epriss: Novela de las 5
4:00-)Documental
4:30 -La cocina en TV
5:00-Chsh Infantil Televito
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-Investigador Submarino
7-00-Notieias
7:30-La Tremenda Corti
8:00--Perry Maon
9:00-Noticias
9:15-Pelicula


RAINBOW CITY
The Couch

Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
The 4-D Man
Fabulous World Of Jules Verne
llatari

The Young Doctors and
Lady Of Vengeance
El Sefior Fot6grafo

Movies canceled
Program by Church-By-The-Sea
A Girl Named Tamiko


Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
The Nightfighters


Pagina 2


CANAL 4
DOMINGO
10:00-Todo por la Patria
10:30-Hombres Celebres
10:45-Sil1vese Quien Pueda
11:30-Cita Informal
12:00-Repriss: Novela Semanal
2:00-Repriss: Novela Juvenil
4:00-Festival de Cartones
4:30-Desde el Hip6dromo
5:30-La Comedia Silente
6:00-Disneylandia
7 00-Bonanza
8 ()()-Solo los Valientes
9:00--Ruta 66
10:00-Pelicula
LUNES
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25--Yo quiero a Lucy
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:00-Documental
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-La Ley del Rev6lver
7:00-Noticias
7:30-Aventuras de Rin Tin Tin
8:00-Kraft Musical
8:30-Novela
9:00-Novela de las I)
9:30-Los Intocables
10:30-Teatro Frances
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo
MARTES
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Doctor Candido Perez
12:51--Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:00-Documental
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-El Pijaro Loco
7:00-Noticias
7:30-Estudio Pepsi
8:00-La Hora Coatinental
8:30 Novela
9:00-Novela de las 9)
9:30-Los Defensores
10:30-La Cuerda Floja
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo
MIERCOLES
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Randal l eJusticiero
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:00-Uocumental
4:3(-La cocina en TV
5"00 La Novela de las 5
5:30--La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-Media Hora con el Chino
7:00-Noticias
7:30-Sir Francis Drake
8:00-C6micos y Canciones
8:30-Novela
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Dr. Kildare I
10:30-Cita con la Muerte
11 :00-El Mundo al Vuelo


0


SPILLWAY
Publicaci6n official del Canal de Pana-
ma. Se antoriza la reproducci6n ya
fuere verbal o escrita de cunlquier
cr6nica o noticia aqui aparecida, sin
necesidad de solicited express.
ROBERT J. FLEMING, Jr.
Gobernador de la Zona del Canal
DAVID S. PARKER
Vicegobcrnador
FRANK A. BALDWIN
Jce de la Oficina de Informacidn
La informaci6n que se descare publicar
en el SImI.IWAY dehe ser enviada a la
oficina del Jefe de Prensa. Dirigir la
correspondencia a PANAMA CANAL
SvILi.rWAV, Apartado M, Balboa, Zona
del Canal.


CALENDARIO DE EVENTS
JUNIOR
24-Festival del Patrono San Juan en Penonom6 y Chitr6.
29-Festival del Patrono San Pedro en Los Pozos y La Colorada.
29-Inauguraci6n de la Octava Sesi6n de la Comisi6n de Mejo-
ramiento de las Estadisticas Nacionales (COINS) en la ciudad
de Panama.
JULIO
1-Se inicia el XII Torneo Internacional de Pesca de Merlin y
Pez Vela.
16-Dia de la Virgen del Carmen. Fiestas Patronales con Procesi6n
Marina en horas de la maiiana y Procesi6n Terrestre en horas
de la tarde en la Isla de Taboga.
22-Festival de la Pollera en Las Tablas, como parte de las Fiestas
Patronales de Santa Librada.


I


T-1 -


-I-


0





SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


EL EX CAMPEON MUNDIAL


PELEA EL DOMINGO CON
El ex campe6n mundial del peso ligero, Joe Brown, volvera a presentarse en derrot6 por puntos al cubar
tinglados del Istmo el domingo pr6ximo, cuando se mida en combat a 10 asaltos Rosado.
en la Arena de Col6n con el campe6n ligero del Istmo, Esteban Santamaria. Santamaria conquist6 el ti
fuera de combat en dos asa
Brown, quien estuvo en el Istmo en 1957 y 1958, celebr6 6 combates aqui, Col6n.
ganandolos todos, 4 por la via rApida y 2 por decision. Venci6 por nocaut a Fede- En el program del domin
rico Plummer en 8 asaltos, a Wilfredo Brown en 3, a Tito Despagine en 4 y al pesos plumas Victor Hoyt y
norteamericano Sony West (quien se hizo pasar por Killer Jackson) en 2; ademas 4 vueltas.


JOE BROWN


SANTAMARIA
o1 Manuel Armenteros y al puertorriquefio Bobby

tulo liviano del Istmo hace various meses, al poner
ltos a Stanley Wilson en el tinglado de la Arena de

go habrA ademis un semifinal de 6 asaltos entire los
y Benito Urriola, ademAs de dos preliminares de


."' p sy



O Estos son los diablicos de la Escuela Nacional de Danzas de PanamA,
durante una presentaci6n que hicieron el Dia de la Raza el afio pasado, en
el Gimnasio de la Escuela Primaria de Paraiso. Este es parte del inter-
cambio cultural entire las escuelas de la Repiblica de PanamA y de las
Escuelas Latinoamericanas de la Zona del Canal, que continuara con este
importantisimo aspect de la vida national.


Sin Trucos Aguilar


Derroto a R. Truco


Justiniano Aguilar conquist6 el
domingo por la noche el titulo junior
ligero del Istmo, al imponerse por
decision unanime a Roberto Truco
en combat a 12 asaltos celebrado
ante lleno complete en el tinglado
de la Arena de Colon.
Fue un combat emocionante y
refiido, durante el cual Aguilar sufri6
heridas en ambas cejas, en la nariz
y en la boca, pero logr6 conectar los


mejores golpes para llevarse el fallo
unAnime de jueces y Arbitro.
Una de las cosas que mis agrad6
a la concurrencia fue el combat
femenino de dos asaltos entire Baby
Jane y Baby Sweets, que termin6
empatado. Las muchachas demostra-
ron tener conocimiento del arte de
la defense propia y provocaron
numerosos aplausos del pdblico.


EMPIEZA EL MIERCOLES TORNEO DE

BALOMPIE Y DE TENIS DE MESA


S El pr6ximo miercoles 24 se inicia-
ran las competencias intercolegiales
de balompi6 y tenis de mesa en las
Escuelas Latinoamericanas de la
Zona del Canal.
Ese dia se medirAn a las 3 de la
tarde en el campo de juegos de Santa
Cruz los oncenos de las escuelas
intermedias de Paraiso y Santa Cruz,
mientras que en el gimnasio del
mismo plantel se celebrarAn los pri-


meros partidos de tenis de mesa entire
alumnas de las dos escuelas inter-
medias.
El jueves se medirA en Paraiso los
oncenos de las escuelas secundarias
de Rainbow City y Paraiso a las 3:15
de la tarde, en tanto que las alumnas
de esas escuelas se medirAn en tenis
de mesa en el gimnasio de la Escuela
Secundaria de Paraiso.


HACE UN A1NO
... Esta Semana
Se anuncia el aumento de salario
a 9,500 empleados no estadouniden-
ses del Canal de PanamA a partir del
7 de julio pr6ximo. El salario minimo
fue fijado en 70 centavos por hora.
El SPILLWAY inici6 su segundo afio
de vida como un vehiculo de infor-
maci6n de las actividades de la orga-
nizaci6n del Canal de PanamA y de
las comunidades de la Zona del
Canal.
Las cuadrillas de la Divisi6n de
Mantenimiento del Canal de PanamA
completaron la pavimentaci6n en as-
falto de las calls del Area del
Hospital Gorgas.
Clare E. Rohrer, Joseph W. Hill,
Richard B. Humphrey y Carl D.
McClure, miembros del equipo de
auditors de la Auditoria General de
los Estados Unidos, en Washing-
ton, D.C., Ilegaron al Istmo para el
trabaio de auditar la organizaci6n
del Canal de PanamA durante el
aiio de 1963.
Edward A. Doolan, Director de
Personal del Canal de PanamA,
inaugur6 la nueva Guarderia Infan-
til de Pedro Miguel en la parte supe-
rior del Consejo Civico de Pedro
Miguel.
Fue inaugurado el campeonato
intercolegial de futbol entire equipos
de las Escuelas Secundarias Latino-
americanas de la Zona del Canal,
en el campo de juegos de Rainbow
City.


Tengo entendido Rosario, que el Consejo de
Seguridod dijo olgo sobre una red


-*&. i<
4flxf 1?,





.ic t -

.um ..ress ~ ~ tm~__


_'. M


El conjunto tipico de la Escuela Secundaria de Rainbow City, bajo la direcci6n del professor
Yuda Morhaim, parade al extreme derecho, se presentari el pr6ximo 2 de julio en el Gimnasio
del plantel, en un acto con el cual se conmemorarA el aniversario de la Independencia de los
Estados Unidos de America.


.rt:-


'N


r ar -^Wl -



El Colegio de Educaci6n Fisica de Springfield, Massachusetts, propor-
cionarA dentro de poco al tercer professor de educaci6n fisica panamefio
a las Escuelas Latinoamericanas de la Zona del Canal. Ese tercer professor
es Alcides Bernal, al centro, de la Escuela Secundaria de Paraiso, quien
el 9 de junio parti6 hacia los Estados Unidos para cursar studios en el
famoso colegio de educaci6n fisica. Oscar Sumin Carrillo, a la derecha,
Supervisor de Educaci6n Fisica de las Escuelas Latinoamericanas, se gradu6
en el mismo colegio en 1947 y obtuvo su "master" en educaci6n, con
especializaci6n en educaci6n fisica, en 1948, mientras que Jose D. Ampudia,
a la izquierda, de la Escuela Secundaria de Paraiso, se gradi6 en el
Colegio de Springfield en 1955. Ese colegio prepare a profesores de
educaci6n fisica y recreaci6n en el mundo entero.


LAGUNA PELEA EN LOS ANGELES

EL 6 DE JULIO CON RUDY CORONA
El pugil colonense Ismael Laguna, primer peso pluma del mundo,
serA visto en acci6n por primera vez en Los Angeles, California, el pr6xi-
mo 6 de julio, cuando se mida en combat a 10 asaltos con el californiano
Rudy Corona.
El encuentro fue pactado para que el public y la prensa de Los
Angeles yea en acci6n al boxeador panameiio, que el 19 de Junio perdi6
una discutida decision frente al mexicano Vicente Saldivar en Tijuana,
Mexico.
De un total de 36 peleas celebradas como professional, Laguna ha
perdido solamente 2 y ha ganado 25 de ellas por nocaut.


Liga de Baloncesto Abre


En Paraiso con Refidos


Partidos el Lunes Pasado
El lunes por la noche fue inaugu- cesto de adults, sobresaliendo
rada la Liga de Baloncesto de Adul- H. Johnson, que tiene buenas posi-
tos en el Gimnasio de la Escuela Se- bilidades para jugar en el circuit
cundaria de Paraiso, con el partido mayor de la ciudad de Panama;
entire los quintetos masculinos EO-14 E. Blades, que ha jugado ya en la
y Royals, que gan6 el primero con Liga de PanamA y G. Ramirez, que
anotaci6n de 81 por 48. tambi6n puede alternar con 6xito
Los mayores anotadores de los con los buenos jugadores panamefios.
vencedores fueron E. Blades con 14 El campeonato de baloncesto para
puntos, H. Johnson con 23y C. Smart adults constara de tres vueltas, es
con 12. Por los perdedores sobresa- decir, cada equipo se enfrentarA tres
lieron en la anotaci6n R. Gatlin con veces a cada uno de los otros, y al
13 puntos y G. Ramirez con 12. final se proclamarA campe6n el que
En este torneo hay tres equipos; mejor promedio tenga de juegos
el otro es 'el Deportivo Blades, al ganados y perdidos.
cual le correspondia jugar con los Todos los partidos, que se cele-
Royals el mi6rcoles y esta noche brarAn los lunes, miercoles y viernes,
a las 7 con el EO-14. se iniciarin a las 7 de la noche en
Buen material canastero se estA el Gimnasio de la Escuela Secundaria
desarrollando en esta liga de balon- de Paraiso.

Calendario de la Liga de Baloncesto Cyrca
Lunes, junio 22_-___- __ Gordon's Gin vs. White Horse ___ 7:30 p.m.
Martes, junio 23___---- Seagram's V.O. vs. Peugeot 404___6:30 p.m.
Ron Cortez vs. Four Roses -___- _8:00 p.m.
Miercoles, junio 24____ Ron Cortez vs. Gordon's Gin -___7:30 p.m.
Jueves, junio 25------- White Horse vs. Seagram's V.0___6:30 p.m.
Peugeot 404 vs. Four Roses___- .8:00 p.m.
Lunes, junio 29 -----------Ron Cortez vs. White Horse .____7:30 p.m.
Martes, junio 30 -__-__-__- Seagram's V.O. vs. Four Roses -__6:30 p.m.
Gordon's Gin vs. Peugeot 404 .__8:00 p.m.
Mi6rcoles, julio 19_____ Peugeot 404 vs. White Horse___ 7:30 p.m.
Jueves, julio 2________ Gordon's Gin vs. Four Roses -___6:30 p.m.
Ron Cortez vs. Seagram's V.0_ __8:00 p.m


Paigina 3


junio 19, 1964






SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


Junio 19, 1964


Egresado de la Secundaria de Balboa


Es Ahora Productor Teatral Asociado


Un egresado de la Escuela Secun-
daria de Balboa, Joe Trower quien
se gradu6 alli en 1958, empezarA este
verano a trabajar como productor
asociado cinematogrAfico con una
empresa teatral de Atlanta, Georgia.
Trower, quien visit reciente-
mente el Istmo, ha actuado como
productor, director y actor en piezas


teatrales vernAculas y en los llama-
dos "hootenanies." Apareci6 en el
segundo de estos iltimos espectAcu-
los montados por la Universidad de
la Zona del Canal en mayo pasado,
asi como en la televisora SCN y en
clubes de oficiales en la Zona.
Trower es tambi6n miembro del
grupo de grabaciones conocido como


HOSPITAL
DIRECTION DE ASUNTOS
CIVILES
Rodolfo Ayarza
Mary Phyllis Brennan
James A. Brigman
Louise Caldwell
Ernest L. Colten
Dorothy Cotton
Hector Davy
Bruno L. Emanuele
John C. Fawcett
Ernest T. Franklin
Raymond George
Fitardo A. Henry
James Lowe
Rodolfo H. Maclao
Julio A. Martinez
Charles B. Myers
Paul H. Reynolds
Albert Satchell
John Taber
Charles C. Waldron
DIRECTION DE ABASTOS Y
SERVICIOS COMUNALES
Walter Bedford
Andrew Britton
Daniel Byfield
Henry Fergus
Jacinta M. Fong
William J. Green, Sr.
Earl G. Moore
Ruben Padmore
Martie S. Pierre
Glenn W. Plucker
Ruthwin Samuels
Jeanine Scott
Boyce William
Enrique Williams
Lionel Worrell
DIRECTION DE SALUBRIDAD
Silvia E. Fitzpatrick
DIRECTION DE INGENIERIA
Y CONSTRUCTION
Jos6 M. Anchundia
David Bowen
Charles Brandl
Serafine Cox
John Daily
Boyd W. Ferry
Joseph Granger
Astor Hawkins
HOSPITAL DE
DIRECTION DE MARINA
Manuel Abelardo
Jos6 Alvarado
Robert Bartram
John E. Bonden
Victor M. Bricano
Theodore E. Brown
Armando Cruz
Roberto J. Flores
Alfonso Martin
Victor May, Jr.
Herbert Peterson
James Rinehart
James Sikes
Ray Smith
Rodolfo Smith
Anastasio Sogandares
Carl H. Starke
DIRECTION DE SALUBRIDAD
Justo Ayarza
Fermin Bosquez
Albert Browne
Adal Stanley Dawes
Johanna Johnson
Dorothy Kozar
Ronald Moore
Roberto Sanguill6n
Patrick Tisdale
DIRECTION
DE TRANSPORTS Y
TERMINALES
Uralio E. Aguilar
Conute Cockburn
Leslie Hayes
Carl Kinsman
Frank Newball
Calvin A. Phillips


GORGAS
Samuel N. Haywood
Claude Jesse
George Kenneth
Frank D. Lashley
Gayle Livingston
Jos6 Mindez
Charles M. Newbury
Harry Pearl
Arcelio Smith
Owen Smith
James M. Thompson, Jr.
Carlos H. Valencia H.
Raymond E. Wallace
DIRECTION DE MARINA
Chester E. Alder
William L. Bennett
Lewis F. Braden
William V. Butler
Joseph F. S. Ford
Anastacio GonzAlez
Samuel Inniss
John Maynard
Kenneth F. Millard
Julian Miller
Carlos Miranda
Ed S. Reynolds
Carlos Splatt
June A. Stevenson
James Thompson
DIRECTION
DE TRANSPORTES Y
TERMINALES
Ubaldio E. Aguilar, Jr.
Silvestre G. Alexander
Tannis Clifford G.
Carlos E. Hooker
Monzell E. Huckabay
Silvero JuArez
Rub6n N. Richads
Carl Schmidt
Roy M. Steele
CONTRALORIA
Paul Coleman
Lawrence L. Jenrich
Earl Keeney
Carroll E. Kocher, Jr.
Mary G. Livingston
Eric R. Townsend

OTROS
Carlton D. Pearl
COCO SOLO
DIRECTION DE ASUNTOS
CIVILES
Jimmy Adams
Gilbert Denny
John Fettler
Ralph Gooding
Jaspar Hunter
John Rice
Ray Wheeler
David Williams
DIRECTION DE ABASTOS Y
SERVICIOS COMUNALES
Victor Archibold, Jr.
Sefred Bowen
Wilfredo Daves
Edna S. Frances
Vattreal Hudson
Earl G. Moore
RubBn Padmore
Donald Sanderson
DIRECTION DE INGENIERIA
Y CONSTRUCTION
Arnold Bertoncini
John A. Bucley
Isaac Clinton
Hugo DeLe6n
Roy Dudley
Joslyn Duncan
Robert E. Holland
Peggy Smith
Willis Shu
OTROS
Kenneth Cooper
Julia Daniel
Rose Mans
Virginia McLean


CUADRO DE HONOR DEL

BANCO DE SANGRE


HAY TORNEO JAYCEE DE GOLF

PARA ESCOGER EQUIPO LOCAL


Los Campeonatos de Golf JayCee '
se celebrarAn los dias 8, 9 y 10 de
julio para seleccionar el equipo que
representarA a la Zona del Canal en
el Torneo Internacional JayCee que
se celebrarA este afio en Minnesota.
Los partidos del 8 de julio se llevaran
a cabo en el Club de Golf de Brazos
Brook en el sector Atlantico del
Istmo, y el 9 y 10 de julio serA en
la cancha de 18 huecos en Fuerte
Amador, segen anunci6 el Comit6
JayCee.
El comit6 estA integrado por la
Asociaci6n Panamefia de Golf Ama-
teur, el Club de Golf de PanamA, los
JayCee de PanamA y Col6n, y
muchos hombres de negocio de la
localidad.
Los cuatro muchachos en el grupo
de edad de 13 a 17 afios con mejor


"The Legends," organizado por 61
mismo en la famosa universidad
Georgia Tech; su disco Jungle
Lullaby obtuvo enorme 6xito en
1961 en Estados Unidos. Trower ha
actuado en various programs tele-
visados inclusive el show de Ted
Mack y ha grabado Albumes hasta
de anuncios propagandisticos para
mAquinas lavadoras y secadoras.
Entre los centros nocturnos en que
ha actuado figuran el "Wit's End"
de Atlanta; "Bitter End" de Nueva
York y el hotel Jolly Roger de
Miami.
Tambi6n ha actuado en compafiia
de Dave Brubeck, Brenda Lee, Les
Paul, Mary Ford, Jerry Van Dyke,
Lionel Hampton, Jimmy Dean y
otros.
Hijo de Mrs. E. Lee Trower, de
Balboa, el joven Trower se recibi6
en Administraci6n Industrial en
Georgia Tech.


SERA EN JULIO 17

LA CENA EN HONOR

DEL REV. ALFONSE
La Cena en Honor del Reverendo
Efrain Alphonse, que estaba sefia-
lada para el dia de hoy, ha sido pos-
puesta hasta el 17 del mes entrante
seg6n informaci6n llegada a esta
mesa de redacci6n.
El agasajo, organizado bajo los
auspicios de la Liga Masculina
Wesley, de PanamA, tendra verifica-
tivo en el elegant sal6n Bella Vista
del Hotel Panama-Hilton.
Las personas que desearen parti-
cipar en este agasajo pueden adqui-
rir sus boletos con facilidades de
pago, para cuyo efecto deben de
ponerse en contact con alguno de
los miembros del Comit6, quienes
estaran en la sacristia de la iglesia
de 6 a 9 de la noche.
Las Debutantes y los Astronautas
de Santa Cruz tomarAn parte en el
program del agasajo.


Guias Telef6nicas

De Casi Todas Partes
La Biblioteca central esta actual-
mente reemplazando sus tomos de
guias telef6nicas correspondientes a
diversas ciudades de Estados Unidos
y otras del extranjero; esa labor se
realize cada 3 afios reemplazando
los directories viejos con los mas
recientes.
Como quiera que algunas guias
telef6nicas aparecen en el mes de
enero, otras en julio y otras en forma
esporadica no es factible realizar de
una sola vez el cambio integral de
los directories. Recientemente se re-
cibieron unos 75, correspondientes,
entire otros puntos, a Boston, Nueva
York, Dallas, Los Angeles, Miami,
Nueva Orleans y Washington. La
existencia total de guias telef6nicas
monta a como 150 vol6menes, que
cuestan various centenares de d6lares
ya que raramente se regalan.
Las bibliotecarias especializadas
pueden ofrecer direcciones que sean
solicitadas por telefono por aquellas
personas a quienes no le fuere posi-
ble acudir a a biblioteca a consultar
la guia correspondiente.

RADIO-FAROS EN

AERODROMOS

DEL ECUADOR
QuITo.-Con la ayuda de los Esta-
dos Unidos, el Ecuador pronto con-
tara con la instalaci6n de radio-faros
del tipo mAs modern en los aero-
puertos de Quito, Guayaquil y Esme-
raldas para facilitar el aterrizaje de
los grandes aviones de las empresas
areas internacionales.
Hace poco un avi6n especial de la
Agencia Federal de Aviaci6n de los
Estados Unidos (FAA) hizo la prueba
de la primera estaci6n de este sis-
tema de radio-faros omnidirecciona-
les de muy alta frecuencia situada
en Condorcocha, a 30 kil6meros de
Quito, casi sobre la linea ecuatorial.


puntuaci6n, irAn a los Estados Uni-
dos a representar a la Zona del Canal
en el torneo annual international.
Los cuatro muchachos son envia-
dos libres de gastos. Equipos de
Guam, Jap6n, Okinawa, Zona del
Canal, Puerto Rico, Alemania, M6xi-
co y CanadA han competido.
Los Campeonatos Interacionales
JayCee de 1964 se celebrarAn en
San Paul, Minnesota, del lunes 3 de
agosto al sAbado 8 del mismo mes.
La competencia sera tanto para
campeonatos individuals y el titulo
de Campe6n Nacional JayCee, que
fue ganado en 1963 por Don Iverson.
Jeff Riley, de la Zona del Canal, hijo
de James Riley, Sr., del Ramo de
Comunicaciones, ocup6 el segundo
lugar en la competencia del afio
pasado.


ESTABA BIEN
NO/..


COLOCArDOI


LOS ACCIDENTS INEVITABLE
Los accidents inevitable, product de la fatalidad o mala suerte,
en realidad no existen La idea que los accidents "tienen lugar porque
tienen que pasar" es un concept equivocado y absurdo.
Cualquier accident, sin lugar a dudas, se puede evitar aplicando
el sentido coming; estimulando la inteligencia para la protecci6n per-
sonal. Este editorial recuerda algunas normas fundamentals para preve-
nir lesiones. Por su reducida extension no puede abarcar todas las reglas.
Cuando tenga alguna duda sobre seguridad, consulate al supervisor.
La prevenci6n de accidents require esfuerzos combinados.
-Ante todo, aprenda la forma correct de ejecuci6n de su trabajo.
Si abriga alguna duda . disipela consultando al supervisor o encar-
gado de seguridad.
-Trabaje a una velocidad "segura." La prisa desmedida es "madre
de muchas desgracias."
-Informe sobre todas las lesiones que le ocurran, por levels que scan.
Las cortaduras pueden infectarse y dar lugar a una amputaci6n.
-Nunca salte desde un sitio elevado: bancos, andamios, etc. VAlgase
de una silla, escalerilla, u otro medio.
-Repare los bancos, sillas, mesas, estantes de trabajo y otros utensilios
astillados.
-Remueva o double los clavos salientes, grapas o tiras filosas de metal.
-No se detenga jamAs debajo de una carga en suspension. Al6jese
hasta que haya pasado.
-Obedezca a los letreros y sefiales de prevenci6n. Estin colocados
para velar por su seguridad en los sitios peligrosos.
-Para las cargas pesadas pida ayuda a otros trabajadores. Nunca
gaste bromas a sus compafieros de trabajo. Estas normas y el sentido
coming que obliga a observarlas, le evitarfn muchos peligros de
accidents.



SELL ESPECIAL CONMEMORA

VUELO "JET" MIAMI A QUITO


Un sello especial cancelatorio ha
sido autorizado por el servicio postal
de la Zona del Canal para la corres-
pondencia que sea despachada con
destino a Quito, Ecuador, en el vuelo
inaugural del servicio Miami-Quito
de aviones a retropropulsi6n de la
Pan American-Panagra que se veri-
ficarA alrededor del 19 de julio.
Quienes desearen enviar cubiertas
para dicho vuelo deben de tomar las
providencias usuales de estilo. Los
sobres deben de ir dirigidos a sus
destinatarios en el Ecuador, llevando
porte de 15 centavos por media
onza. La estampilla correspondiente
esti a la venta en los correos de la
Zona del Canal.
Los sobres deben ir incluidos en
otro dirigido al Administrador de
Correos, Balboa, Zona del Canal,
indicado en el exterior del sobre que


contiene otro especial para el vuelo
inaugural. Estos sobres deben de estar
en el correo de Balboa a mas tardar
el 27 de junio.
Los sobres remitidos en la forma
corriente no llevaran el sell cance-
latorio especial.


VISITANTES DE LA
SEMANA
Esclusas de Miraflores __ 1,021
Esclusas de Gatin----- 176
Las Cruces, 3 viajes --_ 270
Reina Manuelita, 1 viaje- 20
Buques de pasajeros, 2 1,600
Total ----- _3,087


Pagina 4


SU C'ASCO
PERO EL


0







Junio 19, 1964


SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA


CONCLUSIONS A QUE LLEGARON LOS JURISTAS


A continuaci6n estA el texto com-
pleto al pie de la letra de las con-
clusiones de la Comisi6n Interna-
* cional de Juristas con respect a los
sucesos del 9 al 12 de enero de 1964.
La Comisi6n es una organizaci6n
privada de abogados, jueces y profe-
sores de derecho de todo el mundo
no comunista. La Asociaci6n Nacio-
nal de Abogados de PanamA le soli-
cit6 que investigara varias alegacio-
nes seg6n las cuales los Estados"
Unidos habian violado la Declara-
ci6n Universal de Derechos Huma-
nos, aprobada por la Asamblea
General de las Naciones Unidas en
1948.
La CIJ estA reconocida como enti-
dad consultiva del Consejo Econ6-
mico y Social de las Naciones Unidas.
El texto de las conclusions con-
tenidas en el informed dado a la pu-
blicidad en Ginebra, Suiza, el 10
de junio:

PARTE VII
Conclusiones
A. Generalidades-85. En el curso
de nuestras actividades, se han plan-
teado diversos problems de derecho
international, entire ellos la interpre-
taci6n de la Convenci6n de 1903 y
de otros convenios entire los Estados
Unidos y la Rep6blica de PanamA, los
aspects juridicos de los disparos efec-
tuados desde un territorio contra otro,
O las violaciones de territorio national,
el derecho de reunion pacifica de los
ciudadanos de un pais en el territorio
de otro pais y cierto nrnmero de otras
cuestiones dimanantes de la interpre-
taci6n y definici6n de las normas con-
cretas de derecho international, inter-
no o de ambos que sean aplicables al
caso. A nuestro modo de ver, la fun-
ci6n que nos fue confiada no consiste
en ocuparnos de estos problems ni
en resolverlos.
86. Los asuntos que hemos de re-
solver dependent de cuestiones de he-
cho y de la interpretaci6n acertada de
la Declaraci6n Universal de Derechos
Humanos y de sus consecuencias. En
las conclusions a que hemos llegado,
procuramos interpreter los articulos
pertinentes de la Declaraci6n Univer-
sal de Derechos Humanos de confor-
midad con los principios generalmen-
te aceptados en relaci6n con dichos
articulos, los principios de la justicia
natural, los concepts generalmente
reconocidos del imperio de la ley y
el sentido comin mAs elemental. Al
hacerlo, hemos examinado tambi6n
con cuidado los articulos pertinentes
del Convenio Europeo de Derechos
Humanos y el proyecto de Conven-
ci6n Interamericana sobre Derechos
Humanos, asi como las disposiciones
correspondientes enunciandas en las
constituciones nacionales.
B. Articulo 3 de la Declaraci6n
*Universal de Derechos Humanos-87.
En el articulo 3 de la Declaraci6n
Universal de Derechos Humanos se
dispone que:
Todo individuo tiene derecho a
la vida, a la libertad y a la seguri-
dad de su persona.
88. Seg6n la acusaci6n formulada,
que nosotros debiamos investigar, los
Estados Unidos habian violado este
articulo. Seg6n los hechos estableci-
dos de que tuvimos noticia, no hemos
podido llegar a esta conclusion.
89. Sin duda, como consecuencia
de los disparos efectuados por las
fuerzas armadas de los Estados Uni-
dos, hubo una trAgica p6rdida de vi-
das panameiias. Ha de reconocerse
que en todas las colectividades civi-
lizadas el derecho absolute que se
enuncia en el articulo 3 no excluye
algunas excepciones necesarias y
razonables. Asi, no seria una concul-
caci6n del articulo 3 privar a una
persona de su vida, libertad o
seguridad para impedir que se
cause dafios a otras personas con
actos ilegales de violencia y con ob-
jeto de reprimir disturbios o desorde-
nes graves, siempre que la fuerza
enpleada no exceda de la absoluta-
tamente necesaria. La fuerza minima
necesaria puede comprender el uso
de armas de fuego.
90. La intensidad y la violencia de
*os des6rdenes fueron tales que puede
I aber pocas dudas de que constituian
una verdadera amenaza para la liber-
tad y la seguridad, a la que s6lo se
podia responder con medidas en6rgi-
cas. En estas circunstancias, las
autoridades de la zona del canal y
las fuerzas militares de los Estados
Unidos tenian derecho a servirse de
la fuerza. Sin embargo, abrigamos
algunas dudas acerca de la cuesti6n
de saber si la fuerza utilizada no
excedi6, en algunos moments, del


minimo absolutamente necesario. En
particular, nos preocupan los hechos
siguientes;
1. En relaci6n con los disparos he-
chos por la policia de la zona del
canal con pistolas durante la primera
parte de la tarde del 9 de enero, sen-
timos preocupaci6n por los hechos
siguientes:
a) Una vez que la policia de la zona
del canal hubo agotado la mayor parte
de sus reserves de gas lacrim6geno,
es un hecho que no procur6 obtener
mas suministros.
b) No parece que nadie procurara
utilizar las mangas de riego para cal-
mar a la multitud y dominarla.
c) Parece ademAs que, si bien se dio
orden de disparar por encima de la
cabeza o en el suelo delante de la
multitud, los manifestantes fueron
alcanzados por proyectiles que no
eran balas de rebote.
2. Un gran nimero de proyectiles
(de 400 a 500) fue disparado por tira-
dores especiales del Ej6rcito de los
Estados Unidos que utilizan fusiles
de tiro rApido. En una zona residen-
cial, densamente poblada, el empleo
generalizado de potentes armas de
fuego es un acto que causa
preocupacion.
3. El despliegue y la demostraci6n
de fuerza realizados por soldados del
Ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos en
forma de advance con equipo complete
de combat hacia la multitud congre-
gada en Col6n, con fusiles y bayone-
tas caladas en posici6n de ataque.
91. Si bien estos hechos nos han
causado preocupaci6n, hemos de tener
en cuenta todas las circunstancias
reinantes y, en particular, las
siguientes:
Fuego de pistol (v6ase el pArrafo 1)
a) El numero comparativamente
reducido de agents de la policia de
la zona del canal (75-80).
b) La magnitude y el genio violent
de las multitudes.
c) El empleo deliberado y extenso
de bombas incendiarias ("c6cteles
Molotov").
d) -El hecho de que las autoridades
panamefias y la Guardia Nacional no
adoptaran medidas eficaces para do-
minar la multitud y para mantener
el orden en el territorio de la
Republica de Panama.
Fuego de fusil (v6ase el pArrafo 2)
a) El fuego nutrido hecho desde
sl lado panamefio con armas diversas
y con el disparo de centenares de
proyectiles (segin los cAlculos, cerca
de 1.000).
b) El hecho de que el Ejrcito de
los Estados Unidos no ordenara que
se hiciera fuego de fusil hasta des-
pu6s de haber sufrido varias bajas
como resultado de los disparos efec-
tuados desde territorio panamefio.
c) El hecho de que las autoridades
panamefias y la Guardia Nacional no
procuraran eliminar a los tiradores
aislados y a otros elements que utili-
zaban armas de fuego en el territorio
panameiio contra la zona del canal.
Uso de bayonetas (v6ase el pArrafo
3)
a) Una muchedumbre numerosa y
amenazadora se habia congregado y
parte de ella habia empezado a causar
destrozos y dafios.
b) La demostraci6n de fuerzas se
podria considerar como un medio efi-
caz para dispersar. la multitud.
c) El hecho de que la Guardia Na-
cional no mantuviera el orden, ni
dispersara la multitud ni impidiera
actos ilegales de violencia.
92. Considerando todas las circuns-
tancias del caso y, en particular, los
graves actos de violencia y la consi-
guiente amenaza para la vida y la
seguridad, hemos llegado a la con-
clusi6n de que, si bien la fuerza
utilizada por las autoridades de la
zona del canal y por el Ej6rcito de
los Estados Unidos puede haber exce-
dido en algunos moments de lo que
era estrictamente necesario, el uso de
la fuerza parece haber estado justifi-
cado; teniendo en cuenta las condi-
ciones en rApida evoluci6n, critics
y violentas, es impossible fijar una
linea escrupulosamente precisa para
determinar lo que habria sido el
minimo absolutamente necesario.
93. Deploramos profundamente que
durante las critics horas iniciales, asi
como durante casi todos los tres dias
subsiguientes, las autoridades pana-


mefias no hicieran nada para limitar
y dominar las violentas actividades de
la bullente multitud. Al contrario, hay
pruebas bastantes para considerar que
las emisiones radiof6nicas y televi-
sadas, los altavoces, la prensa y otros
medios se utilizaron para incitar e
informar falsamente al p6blico pana-
mefio sin que las autoridades paname-
fias adoptasen ninguna media a fin de
restringir o moderar estas actividades.
C. Articulo 5 de la Declaraci6n
Universal de Derechos Humanos-
94. En el articulo 5 de la Declaraci6n
Universal de Derechos Humanos se
dispone que:
Nadie serA sometido a torturas
ni a penas o tratos crueles, inhu-
manos o degradantes.
95. La acusaci6n de que se nos
pidi6 investigar bajo este epigrafe era
la de que los Estados Unidos habian
violado este articulo como resultado
de las medidas adoptadas por la
policia de la zona del canal y por las
fuerzas armadas de los Estados Uni-
dos y consistentes en el disparo de
armas de fuego contra civiles paname-
fios. Como se ha descrito detallada-
mente en la parte II, los casos en que
la policia de la zona del canal o los
soldados norteamericanos hicieron
uso de armas de fuego fueron los si-
guientes: 1) los disparos de pistola
efectuadbs por la policia de la zona
del canal para impedir que la muche-
dumbre avanzara e irrumpiera en la
zona del canal, cuando se puso de ma-
nifiesto que el prop6sito de la multi-
tud era cometer actos ilegales de vio-
lencia; 2) los disparos de fusil efectua-
dos por tiradores especiales del
Ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos para
eliminar a los tiradores aislados del
lado panamefio y prevenir asi mAs
bajas entire los soldados norteamerica-
nos, asi como entire los civiles; 3) los
disparos efectuados con munici6n me-
nuda para impedir que la muchedum-
bre agitada consiguiera entrar en la
zona del canal y tambi6n para elimi-
nar a tiradores aislados; 4) los disparos
efectuados para apagar lAmparas del
alumbrado piblico.
96. No creemos que la finalidad de
este articulo sea referirse a casos co-
mo los que son objeto de examen. A
nuestro juicio, el articulo 5 tiene por
fin regular la situaci6n de las personas
que han perdido ya su libertad o que
estAn sujetas permanentemente a ma-
los tratos, y no se aplica a una
situaci6n temporal de urgencia.
97. Ahora bien, incluso si estamos
desacertados, entendemos que las
cuestiones planteadas al respect son
identicas a las examinadas ya en rela-
ci6n con la acusaci6n relative a la
violaci6n del articulo 3. Por consi-
guiente, con arreglo al mismo razona-
miento seguido por nosotros en rela-
ci6n con nuestra conclusion preceden-
te, no aceptamos la acusaci6n de que
los Estados Unidos violaron el articulo
5.
D. Articulo 20 de la Declaraci6n
Universal de Derechos Humanos-98.
Segin la acusaci6n de la Asociaci6n
National de Abogados de PanamA
bajo este epigrafe, los Estados Unidos
habian conculcado el articulo 20 de
la Declaraci6n Universal de Derechos
Humanos. Ahora bien, entendemos
que la acusaci6n se limit de hecho
al pArrafo 1 del articulo 20; no parece
que el pArrafo 2 tenga la menor
relaci6n con los asuntos objeto de
investigaci6n.
99. En el pArrafo 1 del articulo 20
se dispone que:
Toda persona tiene derecho a la
libertad de reunion y de aso-
ciaci6n pacificas.
100. Todo el mundo acepta que,
inclusive en la sociedad mis libre y
democrAtica, el derecho absolute que
se reconoce en el pArrafo 1 del articulo
habrA de ser limitado forzosamente en
aras de la seguridad national o pdi-
blica, para impedir el desorden, la
violencia o el crime y para proteger
los derechos y libertades de los demAs.
101. Consideramos oportunos ha-
cer referencia al articulo 12 del pro-
yecto de Convenci6n Interamericana
sobre Derechos Humanos, que
dispone:
Se reconoce el derecho de
reuni6n pacifica y sin armas. El
ejercicio de tal derecho s61o po-
drA estar sujeto a las restricciones
previstas por la ley, que sean
necesarias en una sociedad de-
mocrAtica, en interns de la segu-
ridad national, de la seguridad
piblica o del orden p6blico, o


para proteger la salud o la moral
p6blicas o los derechos y liber-
tades de los demAs.
102. Disposiciones anAlogas, limi-
tativas de la libertad de reuni6n,
figuran en casi todas las constituciones
nacionales, entire ellas la de Panama.
103. Los hechos y antecedentes re-
lacionados con el incident de la ban-
dera y con la manifestaci6n de estu-
diantes del It-stituto Nacional de
PanamA en la tarde del 9 de enero
en la Escuela Superior de Balboa, en
la zona del canal, se han expuesto
con bastante detalle en la parte I.
104. En vista del cariz que adqui-
rieron los acontecimientos, no pode-
mos llegar a la conlusi6n de que se
viol6 el derecho de reunion garanti-
zado por el pArrafo 1 del articulo 20,
porque la policia de la zona del canal
tenia derecho a emplear la fuerza y a
disolver la reunion para prevenir
des6rdenes y el estallido de violencias.
105. Ahora bien, no podemos por
menos de considerar que las autorida-
des de la zona del canal y, en parti-
cular, la policia de dicha zona habrian
podido tender a la situaci6n con
mayor prevision. Se autoriz6 a los
estudiantes panamefos a que manifes-
taran y entraran en el recinto de la
Escuela Superior de Balboa, y el
capitAn de la policia garantiz6 el paso
libre del pequefio grupo de estudian-
tes panamefios que habian de desple-
gar su bandera y cantar el himno
national; por ello, creemos que los
estudiantes panamefios habian de ser
mejor protegidos y que se debia res-
ponder con mayor firmeza a los actos
de provocacion realizados por estu-
diantes y adults norteamericanos.
Es muy de lamentar que no se evitara
el empleo de la fuerza fisica, con la
utilizaci6n de porras contra los estu-
diantes panamefios a los que se habia
garantizado previamente el paso libre.
106. Deseamos ademAs hacer notar
que evidentemente, en la cargada
atm6sfera del pais, el pabell6n se
habia convertido en un simbolo espe-
cial tanto para los panamefios como
para los ciudadanos de los Estados
Unidos, particularmente los estudian-
tes. En esta atm6sfera, y a la luz de
lo convenido en junio de 1963 por
los presidents Chiari y Kennedy, no
alcanzamos a comprender por qu6 las
autoridades de la zona del canal,
comprendidas las de la Escuela Supe-
rior de Balboa, no adoptaron medidas
mis firmes y energicas para hacer
efectivo el acuerdo sobre la bandera
en relaci6n con sus estudiantes.
107. En relaci6n con la acusaci6n
de que el derecho de reuni6n fue
violado en los dias 9, 10, y 11 de
de enero como resultado de los actos
realizados por la policia de la zona
del canal y por las fuerzas armadas
de los Estados Unidos y consistentes
en el disparo de armas cortas y en la
utilizaci6n de gas lacrim6geno para
impedir el ejercicio de dicho derecho
dentro de la Repiblica de PanamA, no
podemos aceptar que ocurriera tal
violaci6n poroue las multitudes contra
las que se utilizaron las medidas men-
cionadas no eran pacificas, sino vio-
lentas, y constituian una amenaza
inmediata para la seguridad piblica.
E. PArrafo 1 del articulo 13 de la
Declaraci6n Universal de Derechos
Humanos-108. En el pArrafo 1 del
articulo 13 de la Declaraci6n Univer-
sal de Derechos Humanos se dispone
que:
Todo persona tiene derecho cir-
cular libremente y a elegir su
residencia en el territorio de un
Estado.
109. Segin la acusaci6n panamefia
de "bloqueo", las inspecciones realiza-
das por el Ejercito de los Estados Uni-
dos en el corredor de Col6n y en el
puente de las Americas (Thatcher
Ferry Bridge) constituyeron una vio-
laci6n del pArrafo 1 del articulo 13
de la Declaraci6n Universal. No con-
sideramos que esta acusaci6n tenga
fundamento.
110. En lo que concierne al corre-
dor de Col6n, es un hecho compro-
bado que en la madrugada del 10 de
enero, elements de las fuerzas arma-
das de los Estados Unidos instalaron
un puesto de inspecci6n al final del
corredor de Col6n, en la intersecci6n
con la avenida Central, dentro de los
limits de la zona del canal. La finali-
dad de este puesto era impedir el paso
de personas con pertrechos y armas
Je fuego, y no parece que se impidiera
a nadie pasar mAs alli del puesto. A
nuestro juicio, la instalaci6n de un
puesto de esta indole no es una inge-
rencia en la libertad de circulaci6n
enunciada en el pArrafo 1 del articulo


13 de la Declaraci6n Universal de
Derechos Humanos.
111. Segiin parece, durante algunas
horas de la noche el puente de las
Americas (Thatcher Ferry Bridge) es-
tuvo totalmente cerrado al trafico, con
la excepci6n de cierto trafico official.
Ademas, la circulaci6n fue objeto de
inspecci6n y vigilancia a ambos ex-
tremos del puente. Esta media no
constitute una limitaci6n de la libre
circulaci6n de trafico. La interrupci6n
del trafico nocturno caus5 molestias y
hasta perjuicios en el caso del trafico
commercial para el transport de abas-
tecimientos y articulos de primera
necesidad que se trasladan de noche,
entire ellos la leche. Ahora bien, en
vista de las circunstancias reinantes y,
en particular, la importancia de garan-
tizar el estado y la seguridad del
puente y del trafico que por 61 circula,
consideramos que esta restricci6n tu-
vo el caricter de fiscalizaci6n justifi-
cada en una situaci6n de urgencia y
que, por serlo, no constituy6 una
ingerencia en la libertad de circula-
ci6n enunciada en el pArrafo 1 del
articulo 13.
F. Desigualdad de tratamiento-112.
En relaci6n con la pretendida desi-
gualdad de tratamiento en la zona del
canal, no podemos, a la vista de los
limitadados materials recibidos, lle-
gar a una conclusion concrete. Ahora
bien, consideramos que debemos ex-
poner algunas impresiones claras que
nos hemos formado.
113. Desde la construcci6n del ca-
nal, viven a los dos lados de lo que se
denomina la frontera de la zona del
canal colectividades separadas. En un
sitio, viven los ciudadanos de los Esta-
dos Unidos de la zona del canal, y en
el otro los panamefios de la Repiblica
de PanamA. A lo largo de los afios, se
ha acusado la divergencia existente
entire el gdnero de vida, la economic y
la mentalidad" de los dos pueblos que
viven muy cerca uno de otro y, no
obstante, virtualmente aislados uno de
otro. Es de lamentar que los ciuda-
danos de los Estados Unidos que han
vivido toda su vida en la zona del
canal y, quizAs mis particularmente,
los de la segunda y la tercera genera-
ci6n, que han nacido y se han criado
en la zona del canal, hayan adqui-
rido un estado de Animo pecu-
liar que no contribute al fomento de
relaciones mas felices entire ellos y
el pueblo panamefio. En realidad, y
al contrario, este peculiar estado de
Animo ha tenido por resultado la acu-
mulaci6n de resentimientos a lo largo
de decenios, resentimientos que han
hallado expresi6n, como se ha rela-
tado, en actitudes desequilibradas de
las dos parties como la cuesti6n de en-
arbolar los pabellones respectivos,
seg6n se puso de manifesto durante
los desgraciados dias abarcados por
el present informed y era evidence
desde hacia bastante tiempo. En lugar
de borrar estas tendencies antag6ni-
cas, el transcurso del tiempo parece
haberlas agravado. La tirantez y el
resentimiento se han intensificado en
circulo vicioso y no han sido modera-
dos por determinadas reacciones de
los panamefios.
114. No podemos por menos de
considerar que los Estados Unidos,
teniendo en cuenta la situaci6n espe-
cial que ocupan en el mundo y en
vista de sus recursos e ideals, debe-
rian reflexionar sobre estos tristes he-
chos y adoptar medidas eficaces para
hacer possible una reorientaci6n y
transformaci6n de la mentalidad e
ideas de los que viven en la zona del
canal. Sin duda, esta tarea es dificil
y ardua, pero devengaria ricos divi-
dendos en forma de relaciones mis
sanas con el pueblo de Panam.i En
multiples aspects, el Gobierno de
PanamA y la vida y la economic de
-ste pais estAn tan estrechamente rela-
cionados con el canal de PanamA que
no estarA fuera de lugar sefialar que
el gobierno y el pueblo panamefos
deberian reflexionar tambi6n sobre los
hechos como los ven observadores
imparciales y actuar con tolerancia,
ecuanimidad y comprensi6n en sus
relaciones con los Estados Unidos y
con las autoridades de la zona del
canal.
115. Por 6ltimo, expresamos la fer-
viente esperanza de que, en alguna
media y por poca que sea, nuestra
labor contribuya al acrecentamiento
de la avenencia, la cooperaci6n y la
amistad entire los dos paises y los dos
pueblos, de suerte que puedan seguir
progresando para el logro de sus
mutuos intereses vitales.
A. D. BELINFANTE
GUSTAF PETRAN
NAVROZ VAKIL


Pagina 5




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