Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights, C.Z
Publication Date: May 1, 1964
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00456
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

a L -an alMuseum



50 Years of Service . To World Commerce

C-rlday, MAy -..I IYO



Electrical Division's Main Office. .

Will Move to Roosevelt Avenue

The Panama Canal Electrical Divi- until then, by the commissary coupon _
sion main office, which has been counting section. .
located in the Administration Build- The move of the Electrical Divi-
ing since 1914, will move early this sion office sets up a chain reaction
month to Building 66-A on Roosevelt of two other moves. The telephone
Avenue, opposite the baseball park. repair shop, until now in Building
This poured concrete building now 66-A, will be relocated in adjoining
is occupied by the Electrical Division Building 66-B. The electrical range .
Field Office activities and by the repair shop will be moved to the '
fl 1idll 66 A

telephone repair snop.
Prior to the move of the Electrical
Division main office, tile floors are
to be laid, air conditioning installed,
and minor changes made.
J. Bartley Smith, electrical engi-
neer, one of the oldest inhabitants of
the Administration Building, who has
Been in the Electrical Division office
there since 1928, will be moving with
his office after 36 years at the Balboa
Heights' location.
The Electrical Division office,
however, has not always been in the
same location in the Administration
Building. First it was in the area
now occupied by the Executive Plan-
ning Staff. In 1934 came the move
to the third floor to space occupied,

erar oul unUllll: -a.
How many people are involved in
the various moves? In the main office
of the Electrical Division, 17 mem-
bers of the electrical engineering and
general administrative staff.
The move of the telephone repair
shop involves 7 full-time employees
and about 10 journeymen and
The range repair shop move puts
two U.S. journeymen and helpers in
a new work location.
The new home of the Panama
Canal Electrical Division was con-
structed 34 years ago for Electrical
Division activities. Heretofore, how-
ever, all work done there was in
connection with field activities.

Law Day proclamation, designating Friday, May 1, for Law Day observance,
is signed by Canal Zone Governor Robert J. Fleming, Jr. At right is Roy
Phillips P. of Panama City, a member of the Canal Zone Bar and president
of the Canal Zone Bar Association. Rowland Hazard, U.S. Attorney for the
Canal Zone, is at left. The Law Day proclamation will be read at a Law
Day special session in the U.S. District Court, Ancon, and at a special
session of the Magistrate Court, Cristobal, at 9 a.m. May 1. Text of the
proclamation appears below:

Heritage: Liberty Under Law

WHEREAS in 1961 the Congress of the United States by Joint Resolu-
tion designated the first of May of each year as LAW DAY U.S.A., and
its observance has come to constitute a significant answer to the May Day
demonstration of international Communism;
WHEREAS the day has been officially proclaimed by the President of
the United States as a time for reflecting upon our cherished heritage of
individual liberty under law and for recommitting ourselves, as beneficiaries
of that heritage, to adhere to, honor, and respect the law;
WHEREAS such an event offers timely evidence of the determination
of the American people to uphold freedom and justice and all the institu-
tions which make them possible, and further demonstrates to the world
our faith in the supremacy of law as contrasted with the denial of human
rights in those countries where the same date is the occasion for
demonstrations of armed might; and
WHEREAS it is especially appropriate that notice be taken in the Canal
Zone of the system of jurisprudence under which we live and by which
our personal rights and civic obligations are established;
* NOW, THEREFORE, I, ROBERT J. FLEMING, Jr., Governor of the
Canal Zone, do hereby proclaim Friday, May 1, 1964, as LAW DAY through-
out the Canal Zone and call upon the entire community of residents and
workers to give recognition and support to its observance in this jurisdiction.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the
Seal of the Canal Zone to be affixed at Balboa Heights this twenty-seventh
day of April in the year nineteen hundred and sixty-four.
By the Governor:
Executive Secretary.

---- -. ,

En route to the finish line, Explorer Scouts are shown as they arrived at Miraflores Locks in the 1964 ocean-to-
ocean cayuco race last weekend. Boat No. 1 of Post 21, sponsored by the Balboa Union Church, won this year's
cayuco race in the time of 7 hours, 46 minutes, and 57 seconds. The race is part of the Explorer program of the
Canal Zone Council, Boy Scouts of America.

Postal Savings

Funds Withdrawal

Change Announced

Funds must be on deposit in the
Canal Zone Postal Savings for 3
months or longer before they can be
withdrawn by a check valid for other
than local payment, it has been
announced by the Director of Posts.
The new regulation, which will
become effective May 15, is outlined
in a revised money order and postal
savings procedure manual.
The revised instructions to post-
masters read as follows: "When funds
have been on deposit 3 months or
longer and the depositor making a
withdrawal from his postal savings
account desires a check in lieu of
cash, request will be made to the
Director of Posts.
"As an exception to the above, a
check valid only for local payment
may be furnished a depositor at his
request, when funds have not been
on deposit 3 months or longer and
a sizeable amount of money is
involved, $2,000 or more. On these
requests, the postmaster will enter
'Check for local payment only'."
The instructions also state that
postal savings certificates will be
paid to the depositor only at the office
of issue on proper identification and
payment may be made by cash,
money order or check.

Panama Canal Officials To Attend

Management Seminar in New York

Capt. E. B. Rainier, Port Captain,
Cristobal, B. I. Everson, Director of
the Civil Affairs Bureau, and R. K.
Erbe, Assistant Director of the
Supply and Community Service
Bureau, will travel to New York this
week to attend a 2-week seminar on
"Skills and Goals of Management."
The course will be given at the
Executive Seminar Center at Kings
Point, N.Y., by the Civil Service
This seminar program, a significant
new concept in Federal executive
development, made its bow on the
inter-agency training scene with the
establishment of the Executive
Seminar Center at Kings Point in
1963. The first group of 35 careerists
began a 2-week course when the
center opened on the campus of the
U.S. Merchant Marine Academy on
October 7, 1963. By year's end the
center had four seminar sessions to
its credit and had convinced more
than 130 participants, several score
lecturers and discussion leaders, a
select inter-agency advisory com-
mittee of personnel directors, and the
Civil Service Commission of its value
as a development device for career
Captain Rainier left the Isthmus

Program Announced for Accounting

Seminar Scheduled for Wednesday

An accounting seminar sponsored system by Philip L. Steers, Jr., Pan-
by the Federal Government Account- ama Canal Comptroller. He will be
ing Association will be held at the assisted by Robert Lessiack, head of
Balboa High School Auditorium the Budget Branch, and Russel Jones,
Wednesday, May 6, starting at 8:45 Assistant Chief Accountant.
a.m. and continuing until 3:15 p.m. The U.S. Army financial manage-
Open to all who are interested in ment system will be explained by
financial management, the seminar Lt. Col G. S. Marin, Chief of the
should be of special interest to Budget Program Division of USA-
students at Balboa High School and SOUTHCOM. The U.S. Air Force
the Canal Zone College, as well financial management system will
as employees of all Government be discussed by Miss Mary L.
agencies. McGroarty, Chief Accountant.
A tentative program, announced Following a break for lunch, Lester
by Val D. Lynch, president of the B. Mallory, representative of the
Federal Government Accounting Interamerican Development Bank in
Association, includes a discussion of Panama, will speak on the operation
the Panama Canal organization of the bank. He was formerly U.S.
Sr .4

Wednesday for New Orleans, on
special duty, and then will proceed
to New York for the seminar. During
his absence Capt. Andrew Stohrer
will be Acting Port Captain,
B. I. Everson, Civil Affairs Bureau
Director, and Richard K. Erbe,
Supply and Community Service Bu-
reau Assistant Director, will leave
Sunday for New York. J. B. Clem-
mons, Jr., will be Acting Civil Affairs
Bureau Director, and H. C. Egolf,
Chief of the Community Services
Division, will be Acting Assistant
Director of the Supply and Com-
munity Service Bureau. B.I. Bauman,
Grounds Maintenance Chief, will be
Acting Chief, Community Services

630 Floor Tiling

Jobs Listed on

Quarters Project

Modernization of existing Canal
Zone quarters, known as the Livabil-
ity Program, for fiscal year 1964
covers floor tiling in U.S. and Latin
American quarters. Cost is estimated
at approximately $150,000.
Some 630 quarters are scheduled
for installation of tile in fiscal year
1964 and the contract for the work
has been awarded to H. I. Homa. The
program is scheduled to get under
way on both sides of the Isthmus
upon the arrival of materials,
expected early in May.
The Livability Program for fiscal
year 1963 covered the installation of
jalousies in U.S. and Latin American
housing, and that contract has been
The Livability Program for mod-
ernization of existing Canal Zone
quarters is a continuous program
authorized by the Panama Canal
Board of Directors in fiscal year 1958
to increase the livability of perma-
nent type quarters. Briefly, the pro-
gram is designed to bring less attrac-
tive permanent living units up to a
(Continued on p. 4)


VVol II n .,. a

V o .ir .4 I 1 111 . 1 11 - -- .- -


iFr day, May 1, 1964

.accounting, reporting, and budgeting'

(Continuea on p. 4)




May 1, 1964



Introducing Joseph B. McHugh (center, seated), chief of the Procurement Division and administrative office
in the New Orleans office of the Canal organization, and supporting staff. Seated, from left: Thomas Lloyd, Robert
Austin, Thomas Ender, Joseph B. McHugh, Russ Capitelli, Joseph Vici, and Dolores Stopa. Standing, from
left: Joan Bensel, Jeannette Marino, Jenny Schumann, Audrey West, George Brugier, Ann Calhoon, Thelma
Westmoreland, Erline LaCour, and Elita Kingsbury. Not in the picture are Frances Donner, Raymond Bushnell,
Marguerite Poole, Moses Cobbs, Phern Pannia, Ernest Sanders, Geraldine Broders, Irene Price, and Norman Smith.

Periodicals Carry

Articles on Canal
The Panama Canal provided fea-
ture material for at least two States
publications in March. One article
dealt with the Canal's achievements
during 50 years of existence, and
the other highlighted the fluorescent
lighting flanking the "Big Ditch."
Illuminating Engineering, a New
York magazine, reviews the plans and
installation of the fluorescent flood-
lighting along the Canal's banks. The
layout is complete with day and night
pictures of the light fixtures.
The importance of the Canal and
its immediate future were the
primary themes of the article in
Seafarers Log, a weekly publication.
In addition to a discussion of the
Canal's past, present, and future, two
pictures of construction work were
included. One showed Culebra Cut
shortly before the Canal opened. The
other was of Miraflores Locks under
construction in 1912.

Incentive Awards

Benefits Total

Near $548 Million

Since it began November 30, 1954,
the Government-wide incentive
awards program has proved a rich
source for economies and greater
efficiency in the Federal Govern-
ment. In less than 9 years, more
than 818,000 employee suggestions
have been adopted, totaling nearly
8584 million in measurable benefits
to the Government.
During the same time, almost
500,000 employees received superior
work performance awards that
amounted to nearly $460 million in
benefits to the taxpayer. Some
1,318,000 employees' suggestions and
special achievements on the job
from November 1954 through June
1963 brought well over a billion
dollars in measurable benefits for the
Last year alone the program
showed savings worth $100 million
through adopted work suggestions
and superior job performance of
nearly 190,000 Federal workers.


Material intended for publica-
tion in TIE SPI.LWAY should be
received in the Panama Canal
Press Office not later than Mondlav
afternoon of the week of publica-
tion. Urgent material can be re-
ceived and processed for use the
same week as late as noon Tlues-
day. Mail material to PANAMA
C-sNAL StILL WA. Box M, Balboa
I heights. C.Z.

What Every Foreman

Should Know

1. What the safety policy is, and what it specifies as to his respon-
sibility and authority.

2. What his total responsibilities are, and how he is expected to
integrate safety with them; which areas, operations,
machines, personnel he directs; what is to be done about
maintenance and repairs, working conditions, provisions of
guards and protective devices.

3. What he is to do about determining qualifications in his area;
what disciplinary action is permitted, and under what

4. Who is to instruct and train workers in safety, first aid, and
fire prevention and protection.

5. What the safe work methods are for each job, and where
information about them is obtainable.

6. What safety devices and personal protective equipment are
to be used on each job, and procedures for making them

7. What his relationship is to be with the safety committee.

8. What commitments he may make to correct unsafe conditions
and the cost limit below which he does not need additional

9. What to do in case of accident: first aid, calling doctor,
ambulance, hospital-notifying relatives of injured person.

10. What reports are required-inspection, accident, accident
investigation, corrective actions taken.


New Book for Both

Armchair Sailors,

Salty Seafarers

As fascinating to the armchair
sailor as to the saltiest seafarer is
The Lore of Ships, now available at
the Canal Zone Library.

It is a beautiful and distinguished
book which has resulted from he
international cooperation of maritime
specialists in the United States,
Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Great
Britain, Holland, Norway, and

The volume contains descriptions

Women Hold Third

Of White Collar Jobs
Women held nearly 32 percent
of all Federal white collar jobs in
October 1962, a Civil Service
Commission study shows. This is
an increase of 4 percent over the
previous year.
The study also showed that
women occupied almost 18 per-
cent of professional positions in
Government and 34 percent of
nonprofessional jobs.

More Liberal

Moving Costs

Rules Proposed

Civil Service Commission has sent
Congress a legislative proposal that
would authorize Federal agencies to
pay more of the moving costs of
employees who are relocated for the
convenience of the Government.
The proposal seeks to amend the
Administrative Expenses Act of 1946
under which moving expenses of
many non-Foreign Service employees
have been paid for the past 18 years.
Weight Revision
The bill would authorize agencies
to increase the weight limit of trans-
ported household goods to 11,000
pounds, up some 60 percent from the
present 7,000-pound limit. It would
also liberalize travel expenses of the
employee's immediate family. Under
current law, the Government does
not pay food and lodging costs of
the employee's family en route to
the new duty post.
Another provision would allow
agencies to pay subsistence expenses
of the employee and his immediate
family for up to 30 days while they
occupy temporary lodging, such as a
motel. Government does not now re-
imburse an employee for the extra
living expenses incurred between his
arrival at the duty post and the time
of moving into permanent quarters.
Storage Provision
Still another feature authorizes re-
imbursement for storage of house-
hold goods up to 3 years of em-
ployees who move to isolated duty
stations within the United States
(excluding Alaska and Hawaii)
where there is no residential housing.
Out-of-pocket costs incurred by an
employee in mnovinn in the Govern-
men t interest has averaged about
$560. Some 35,000 employees are
relocated each year.
I - -


Week Beginning Saturday,
May 2, 1964
(Ar Conditioned)
Sat.-Sim.. 2:30, 6:00, 8:00-Mon., 7:30-
Tom Jones
Tues., 7:30-Girl On The Hun
Wed., 7:30-The Valiant
Thirs., 7:30-The Devil's Chiilren
Fri., 7:00-Father's Little Dividend
Saturday night-Elmer Gantry
Sun., 2:00, 7:00-Mon., 7:00-Big Red
Tues.-The Mark
Wed .-Look IBack In Anger
Thurs.-The Girl Can't Help It
Fri.-The Fabulous World Of Jules Verne
Friday, Owl Show 10:00 p.m.-Sanmar
Saturday night, 8:15 p.n.-Tarzan's Three
Sun.-The Fabulous World Of Jules Verne

and illustrations of almost evecr kind isMon.-NO SHOW
c. I Tu'ss.- Temnpest
of ship, from merchantmen, liners, i 'c"d.The Mark
sailing ships, and nuclear submarines Thurs.-NO SIHOW\
to primitive dugouts. It contains more I ri. -ig Red
than 1,500 nautical drawings as well COCO SOLO
as illustrations of some of history's (Air Conditioned)
most famous ships-incluinng the Sit Idan s iriht-Temrpest
Suin., 2:00. 7:00-Mlo.. 7:00-A Ne,
Golden Hindl. Nelson's 1 ictor!y. and Kind Of Love
the Mayfloiwer. Tus.-Malaga
\\ed.-Thurs.-\\'ives And Lovers
I ri.-The Story Of The Count of
i Illustrations are in fresh. cltar oute Crist
colors, accented with gold. It was ITA
published by HIolt. rinehart & M
'S'aturda nil'ht--The Running Man
W\inston in New York in 1963. sun.. 2:00 p.m., Matince-H.M.S. Deli


Susndai night-Mon., 7:00-Mary, Mary
Tuels.-Elmer Gantry
\Wed.-Cash McCall
Thurs.-Varan The Unbelievable
Fri.-Tarzan's Three Challenges
Friday, Owl Show 10:00 p.m.--Viva
Saturday night-Sodom And Gomorrah
Snil., 2:00, 7:00-The Brazen Bell
lTues.-Varan The Unbelievable
\Wed.-NO SI1OW
Tlhirs.-l lmer Gantry
Fri.-Tarzan's Three Challenges

"All iigbt shows begin at 7:00 p.m.
e\ecptt i; shown.

Special Matinees
Saturday, May 2, 1964
11,ALOA: 10:00 The Great-
.in (,\ i(it i'n t circus store (In
Color.) (96 riin.)
COC1 ) SOLO: 2:00 Animal
\Vorld-tl I)(o(lml ntltr feature t t traces
h ,c ,il l Iilhl fT ..n mor thain 2 million
\1a- ,. I In (:.lo t.) (90 m ill.)
)11A-LO: 2:)110 p.m.Zotz!-Tlie magic
\- rd lor \ Iu- h .i mi, ute.i 95 11 on.l
(;A\IIOA: f.6:15 p.m.-.Weekend With Lului
\ h ilt,s io t lriti sl comedy. (s5 smin.)
I \HIGAiITA: 2:00 p.m.-Bundle Of Joy-
Dcbbie lc 1,nlds. Eddie Fisher: Full of
1in1 . fill of lalI hs. . i. Eddie and
Dclbi in a. hpp\ mood. (In Color.)
(105 miin.)
.ATU'N 2:00 p.i.-Escapade In Japan-
Ter-ia Wriihht. Cam:iron Mitchell.
(100 min.)

1:05-Parade of Sports
2:30-Sports Spectacular
Professional Tennis
Trotting Race
1:0()-Sports Time
4:30-Chapel of the Air
5:00-This is the Life
5:30-Land of the Free
6:15-Sacred Heart
6:30-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:30-Danny Thomas
8:00-Ed Sullivan
0:00-Wonderful World of Golf
10:00-Jalopy Races
10:30-What's My Line
11:05-Steve Allen

5:05--Magic Land of Allakazam
5:30-It's A Wonderful World
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:00-SCN NEWS (English)
7:05-Navy Notebook
7:30-Dick Van Dyke
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Hollywood Palace
9:00-SCN NEWS (English)
10:00-EBF "Languages"
10:30-"I've Got A Secret"
11:15-Encore: Ed Sullivan

5:30-Do You Know
6:30-College Bowl
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:00-SCN NEWS (English)
7:05-Royal Playhouse
7:30-Andy Griffith
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Jimmy Dean Show
9:00-SCN NEWS (English)
9:05-Armchair Theater:
"Brandy for the Parson"
10:30-"To Tell the Truth"
Dick Van Dyke
Danny Thomas

5:05-Shari Lewis
5:30-True Adventure
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:00-SCN NEWS (English)
7:05-The Thin Man
7:30-Canal Zone Jamboree
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-The Lieutenant
9:00-SCN NEWS (English)
9:05-Mystery Theater
11:15-Encore: Hollywood Palace

5:30-Science In Action
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:00-SCN NEWS (English)
7:05-Edie Adams
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Danny Kaye
9:00-SCN NEWS (English)
-):05-Andy Williams
10:00-Sing Along With Mitch
11:15-Encore: The Lieutenant

5:05-Dance Party
6:30-Alumni Fun
6:55-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
7:00-SCN NEWS (English)
7:05-Price Is Right
7:30-Candid Camera
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Hoot enanny
9:00-SCN NEWS (English)
9:05-Jack Paar
10:00-Fight of the Week



SCN NEWS (English)
How Many Homes?
SCN NEWS (Spanish)
Cartoon Carnival
"Capt. Kangaroo"
Saturday Double Feature:
"Brandy for the Parson"
Ted lMack
SCN NEWS (Spanish)
SCN NEW'S (English)
-Big Picture
Net-" Languages"
SCN NEWS (Spanish)
-Lawrence .Welk
SCN NEWS (Enilish)
Steve Allen
Real McCoys
D)anny Kaye

Page 2

May 1, 1964


Health Official, Zone's Only Lady

Ambulance Driver Leaving in May

John P. Smith, Jr.

Cristobal YMCA

Adult Classes

Opening May 4
The adult language school of the
Cristobal Armed Services YMCA will
open its new term on Mondav. Adult
education classes are offered in Span-
ish, English, and shorthand. Four
levels of conversational Spanish, four
levels of English, and two levels of
*shorthand will be included in the
curriculum this term.
Spanish and shorthand classes will
meet Monday and Thursday evenings
between 7 and 9 p.m. at the Mar-
garita Union Church Annex in
English classes will meet on Tues-
day and Friday evenings between 7
and 9 p.m. at the First Isthmian
Baptist Church in Cristobal.
Anyone desiring further informa-
tion should call the Cristobal Armed
Services YMCA, telephone 3-2163 or

College Grounds

Project Launched
"Project Grounds Beautification" is
under way at the Canal Zone College,
with the completion of construction
work and the apparent beginning of
the rains. The public is invited to
assist the college in beautification of
the grounds. Cuttings and plants will
be received, and planted, with
At this time of year quite a bit of
pruning is done, and an equal amount
of rearranging of gardens is in
The Canal Zone College dean,
Dr. Charles L. Latimer, says the col-
lege will be happy to receive cuttings
and prunings for planting in the
college grounds.

Cruise Would Help

Raise Hospital Funds
The secretary-treasurer of a
laundry-cleaners has offered to pay
the expenses of taking the former
presidential yacht, the Potomac,
from California to Memphis for a
riverfront restaurant to raise money
for St. Jude Hospital. The yacht was
recently donated to the California
St. Jude Foundation by entertainer
Elvis Presley.
An official of the laundry-cleaners
firm proposes an all-expense-paid
cruise from California down the west
coast of Mexico, through the Panama
Canal, up the east coast of Mexico,
*and through the Port of New Orleans
and up the Mississippi to Memphis.
The charge for the Potomac cruise,
which could accommodate 70 per-
sons, would be a $200 donation to
St. Jude.
Should the idea be approved, it is
hoped that Presley and fellow
entertainer Danny Thomas, founder
of the hospital, also would make
the trip.

The Canal Zone is losing its only
lady ambulance driver.
Mrs. Eva Smith, who has presided
over the Gorgas Hospital admitting
office for the past 8 years, is leaving
the Isthmus in May with her
husband, John Palmer Smith, Jr.,
who is retiring as Assistant to the
Health Director.
The affable Mrs. Smith probably
is better known to her friends, cus-
tomers and coworkers as the efficient
supervisor of 6 admitting clerks, 13
ambulance drivers, and 4 messengers.
But on occasion she has been known
to drive an ambulance with a hand
as steady as any of the male experts.
Being an only woman in a male
profession comes naturally to Mrs.
Smith. During the last war, she was
the Canal Zone's first lady customs
inspector. That solo job did not last
long, however, because a whole bevy
of lady inspectors were soon drafted
to assist the men at the former Canal
Zone airport at Albrook.
When she joined the Gorgas Hos-
pital admitting office staff in 1951,
as information clerk, she took the
necessary tests and obtained a special
Federal license enabling her to drive
the Corgas Hospital ambulance or
any other official vehicle with or
without patients. She made use of
this permit on various occasions

when there was a shortage of regular
ambulance drivers.
She has been supervisory clerk in
the admitting office for the past 8
years. Because she is as fluent in
Spanish as she is in English, she has
come in contact with or to the aid
of many of the patients sooner or
She was born in Santa Marta,
Colombia. Mrs. Smith's father was
owner of a coffee plantation which is
still operated by her brother,
William. She met and married her
husband in Santa Marta, where he
had come as an engineer with the
United Fruit Co.
The Smiths have been living in
the Canal Zone for the past 22 years.
He came here as a sanitary engineer
and later took the job of Chief of
the Canal Zone Division of Sanita-
tion. Recently he has been Assistant
to the Health Director.
When they leave the Canal Zone
in May, they will retire to the Smith
family riverfront homestead in Char-
leston County, S.C. Mrs. Smith will
hang up her ambulance driver's hat
and put her special permit away with
her souvenirs. With her husband, she
hopes to garden, play bridge, and
entertain children, grandchildren,
friends, and relatives.

Just Simple

"Tin Cans" Dangerous?

Maybe . If They're Pressurized

Paints, lacquers, cleaners, pol- fumes away from you. Don't spray
ishes, insecticides-in fact, almost indoors unless you're sure of good
everything commonly used in liquid ventilation.
form-are being put in pressurized 2. Don't smoke while spraying.
spray cans. Don't use any heating or other
When such liquids are loaded in appliances that produce a spark.
a spray gun and put in the hands Some mixtures are quite flammable.
of a professional, all sorts of pre- 3. Keep the body well covered
cautions are taken-forced ventila- and wash exposed areas after spray-
tion, spray booths, and respirators. ing. This is particularly important
The growing availability of these when using insecticide sprays as
canned sprays is in many instances some of the toxic ingredients are
putting a toxic or flammable material readily absorbed through the skin.
in the hands of the uninformed non- 4. Stop work at the first sign of
professional in the home and work dizziness, incoordination, nausea,
areas where the hazards of such headache, blurred vision or irrita-
sprays are not appreciated. Lacquers tion of the skin; remove soiled cloth-
and paints, in particular, contain ing and wash thoroughly. Call a
thinners, solvents, pigments, and doctor if symptoms are severe or
other additives which mav be flam- persist.
5. Don't consume alcohol for
mable and be toxic if enough is
mable and be toxic if enough is several hours after or before spray-
inhaled or absorbed through the skin. t can ma fy the to effects.
ing. It can magnify the toxic effects.
Anyone using spray cans should 6. Don't put empty cans in an
read the directions and pay par- incinerator. Remember, they still
ticular attention to any warnings or contain fumes which may be quite
precautions. To be on the safe side, explosive when confined. Some
use these precautions: "empty" cans have found their way
1. Do the job outdoors, if possible, to the incinerator and have caused
and be sure the breeze carries the disastrous explosions.


Half a dozen Toastmasters got together for a "gag" picture after a recent
joint meeting of the Isthmian and Canal Zone Toastmaster Club. Holding
and concentrating intently on one of the slides he used in his revealing
keynote talk is Lt. Col. Milton Cohen, Assistant to the Health Bureau
Director. Clustered around him are, front left, Lewis Archuleta, and right,
Fred Morton; rear, left to right, William E. LeBrun, W. H. Esslinger, and
E.F. McClelland. The meeting was held in the Quarry Heights Officers Club.


By Eleanor Burnham

The Night in Lisbon, by Erich
Maria Remarque, like many of
Remarque's books, uses war as a
background for the story. This novel
begins in the spring of 193.9 and
reaches its climax during the nerve-
wracking days of 1942. Remarque
was in the German Army during
World War I and later became
famous for his All Quiet on the
Western Front, one of the distin-
guished stories of that war. When the
Nazis came to power he left Ger-
many, is now a U.S. citizen and is
married to actress Paulette Goddard.
Darkwater is a suspense novel by
Dorothy Eden. The scene of the
story is a huge estate in England
which is famous for its beauty and
grandeur. To the pretty young
woman who was forced to live there,
however, the location was one of
horror and repulsion. Her attempts
to escape become involved in a series
of ominous family affairs. This all
adds up to a really first-rate thriller.
Camera Underwater is a fine guide
to underwater photography by
Horace Dobbs, who holds an honors
degree in chemistry from the Univer-
sity of London. Dobbs' avocation has
been photography ever since he can
remember, but recently he has con-
centrated on the problems which are
met by an underwater cameraman.
The book is based on the author's

Civilian Workers

To Share Honors

Armed Forces Day

Federal employees again this year
will salute our Nation's military-
civilian defense team at Armed
Forces Day observances throughout
the country and at many overseas
posts on May 16.
Defense Department employees,
who serve as a "vital link in Amer-
ica's defense chain," will share the
Armed Forces Day spotlight with
uniformed forces at many community
Some 42 percent of all Federal
employees work in direct support
of our air, ground, and sea forces.
More than 368,000 are employed
with the Army, over 336,000 with
the Navy, and close to 300,000 with
the Air Force at outposts of freedom
around the globe.

own experience and experiments and
on information provided him by other
experts. The story of how he made
an underwater camera housing to
suit his own particular camera
should interest local enthusiasts.
There May Be Heaven, by Eliza-
beth Ogilvie, is a romantic novel
about a beautiful widow who falls in
love with an irresponsible youngest
son of a respectable Maine seacoast
family. The obstacles which these
two young people meet and surmount
make them stronger and more mature
people. The Maine country and sea-
side are becoming famous in fiction
through Miss Ogilvie's delightful
descriptions of it in this and in
earlier books.
Spain, by Hugh Thomas and the
Editors of Life, is a beautiful book
which will be a delight to the
traveler, artist, or historian. The first
three chapters of the volume cover
Spain's early history. The remaining
six chapters present an excellent pic-
ture of 20th century Spain. Color
reproductions of famous paintings as
well as photographs of cathedrals
and many simple local scenes are
included. The author's interpretation
enhances the effect of the several
hundred illustrations. Those who
know and love Spain surely will
enjoy this book, and those who do
not will wish to go there.

The Canal Zone Tuberculosis
Association during 1963 provided
financial aid to 23 families of em-
ployees of the Panama Canal organ-
ization and the military services who
were hospitalized in Gorgas Hospital
for treatment of tuberculosis.
A report by Dr. Jos6 A. Fil6s-Diaz,
chairman of the association's financial
committee, noted that through this
assistance a total of 101 individuals-
employees and dependents-were
benefited, with the amount of aid
totaling $7,630.
Dr. Fil6s-Diaz, in making the
report on behalf of the board,
expressed appreciation to the em-
ployees of the Canal Zone agencies
for the generous contributions to the
United Fund which, in turn, has
enabled the Canal Zone Tuberculosis
Association to do its part in helping
employees hospitalized for treatment
of tuberculosis.

Page 3

Mrs. Eva Smith.


.'. +

j iif

:-i `Clg
-I ---~



May 1, 1964

Bob Daniels, left, president (
American Bowling Congress (
ization in the Canal Zone,
gratulates Panama Canal Bo
Association "Bowler of the
Don Rudy at the recent awards
entation at the Albrook NCO
Rudy works for the Panama
in the Postal Division.

A smiling Ted Melanson holds
the trophies for the winning Do
Team, with handicap, in the a
Canal Zone bowling tournament
partner, Bill Coffey, was not pr
to accept his award. The tourna
was open to all participants ii
Panama Canal bowling le
Melanson is employed by the Pa
Canal in the Accounting Divisi
Balboa Heights.


CZC Aquadettes

Swim Shows Set

For May 6, 7, 9

The Canal Zone College Aqua-
dettes will present their second
annual swim show, The Waterway of
Broadway, May 6 and 7 in Balboa,
and May 9 in Coco Solo.
The theme of his year's show is
Broadway Hits. They will swim to
music from such hits as The Music
Man, South Pacific, West Side Story,
My Fair Lady, Mr. President, Annie
Get Your Gun, and Kismet.
Members of the Aquadettes, under
the direction of Patricia Lehman, are:
Beverly Bowman, Jeanne Halvosa,
Marilyn Anderson, Bobbye Lou Her-
ringon, Pat Lawyer, Betsy Mallory,
Brenda Collins, Carla Elich, Dorylee
Dominguez, Carole Thompson, and
Marty Smith.
Several Canal Zone College boys
also will be on hand again to pro-
vide "fun" entertainment. They are
Gordon Boswell, Jim Manning, Butch
McFadden, Robert Thompson, Doug
Marti, Ted Marti, Joe Suarez, Roger
Suarez, Mike Hanuschak, and Garth
General admission is 75 cents and
the student rate is 25 cents. Curtain
time is 7:30 p.m.

Accounting Seminar
(Continued from p. 1)

Ambassador to Guatemala and
The afternoon session also will
include talks by D. R. Smolen, local
representative of the International
Business Machine Co. and Roberto
Reichard, Panama representative of
the National Cash Register Co.
The seminar is open to the general
public. There will be no admission
charge and no invitations issued.

of the

it. His

ion at

Sue Lessiack Duke Wilson
A "first" occurred recently at Balboa Hign School: a girl was elected pres-
ident of the Student Association. Sue Lessiack, who had scored another
"first" when 'she was elected vice president of the SA for the current year,
is or has been a member of the Drama, Library, Science, and Math Clubs.
In addition, Sue has worked on numerous committees, has debated for her
class, and is a member of the National Honor Society. Next year's vice
president, Duke Wilson, a sophomore, currently is president of his class.
He has served on many committees, has worked on his freshman and
sophomore class newspapers, is a member of the Letterman's Club and an
Associate member of Mu Alpha Theta, the math club. A student in several
advanced courses, Duke is just as versatile outside of school: Explorer
Scouts, an officer in DeMolay, and an outstanding competitive swimmer.


Col. Goethals Had Ideas and Plan

For Conversion to
Revival of discussion and studies
of a sea-level canal has also revived
some memories of how Col. George
W. Goethals envisioned conversion of
the existing canal from a lock system
to a sea-level canal-and outlined a
broad engineering plan to do it.
This was recalled recently at
Dallas, Tex., by a retired veteran
Panama Canal pilot who was skipper
of the inspection boat used by
Colonel Goethals during construction
of the canal more than a half century
He is Capt. Sterling P. Miller, who
has made his home in Dallas since
his retirement in 1941. In the 21
years he was on the Panama Canal
he piloted more than 8,000 ships.
In an account carried by the Dallas
Morning News, Captain Miller
quoted Colonel Goethals' prediction
that canal-digging equipment manu-
facturers in time would perfect much
larger dipper-type dredges-the key
to future conversion of the canal to
sea level.
Dredges available in 1907-15
could handle only 15 cubic yards at
a time and could dig only about
50 feet deep. Goethals said dipper-
type dredges of two or three times
that capacity would have to be built,
and they would have to be able to
dig 75 to 80 feet.

Sea Level Canal
Dredging manufacturers of today
confirm Goethals' prediction. Dredges
of 30-to-45-cubic-yard capacity can
now be built which could dig from
80 to 100 feet.
Goethals' plan, as described by
Captain Miller, called for construc-
tion of new, single-chamber locks at
Gatun and Miraflores Dams. These
would be 140 to 150 feet wide, 1,500
to 2,000 feet long and would lift or
lower ships to or from 60 feet above
sea level. More powerful new dredges
of today would then dig the channel
from Pedro Miguel Locks north into
Gatun Lake to a depth 30 feet below
the bottom of present Gaillard Cut,
bypassing Pedro Miguel Locks.
At this point in the conversion job,
the level of water in Gatun Lake and
Gaillard Cut would be lowered from
present 85 feet above sea level to
55 feet. Then using that new lake
level, dredges would continue to
lower the bottom of the channel
through the cut and the lake until
it was 42 feet below the level of the
sea-the depth required by ships
moving at sea level from the
Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean.
Colonel Goethals, appointed chair-
man of the Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion and chief engineer of the canal
construction in 1907, later was the
first Governor of the Panama Canal.

Team W L
Cristobal High School _-__ _-- _____--_ 4 2
Canal Zone College-- ______ _____________ 3 3
Balboa High School_--- ___--- ________ 3 3
Schools Division AC____ _______- ______ 2 4



May 1-Friday-BHS vs. CHS, at Coco Solo, 7 p.m.
May 1-Friday-SDAC vs. CZC, at Balboa, 7 p.m.
May 8-Friday-SDAC vs. BHS, at Balboa, 7 p.m.
Mav 8-Friday-CZC vs. CHS, at Coco Solo, 7 p.m.
May 9-Saturday-CHS vs. SDAC, at Balboa, 2:30 p.m.
May 12, 13, 14, 15-Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and
Friday-College Invitational Basketball Tournament

Mike Baranick, Cristobal High ___---------
Bob Baggott, Balboa High ___--____-__-
Luther Quinn, Balboa High_-----_
Jeff Leon, Canal Zone College
Archie Carroll, Schools Division AC_-----_----

Willie Engelke, Schools Division AC_---
Bob Burgener, Cristobal High _- ----
Jim Arenz, Canal Zone College- ---------
Bob Bowman, Canal Zone College- ___ --..-_
Bob Baggott, Balboa High ------- _--

Cristobal High School -_---- --------
Balboa High School....-_-----.-----------
Canal Zone College __ __------------ ------
Schools Division AC __--- --___--.----
*All statistics as of April 30.

___- 17.00
---- 16.67
------ 13.00

im of 10 shots)
Attemps Made
20 14
10 7
18 11
23 14
20 12

--- .-- 322
.-- ----- 350
----- 328
-- -- 303



Leopoldo Anderson of Gatun Locks

Wins Annual Line Throwing Contest

Lcopoldo Anderson, a Gatun
Locks employee, was judged winner
of the annual Locks Division Line
Throwing Contest held Saturday at
Gatun Locks. This was the ninth
contest of this kind to be held at
the locks.
Second place went to Carlos
Melndez, a helper employed at
Pedro Miguel who took third place
in the contest held last year and first
place in 1960. Coming in third was
Juan Garz6n, representing Mira-
flores Locks, who took first place in
five former contests.
A crowd of 50 or more spectators

,a Floor Tiling Jobs
S(Continued from p. 1)
^ [ ""l standard more comparable to units
built in recent years and to general
Cristobal High School's dramatic group, under the direction of Mrs. Freda Stohrer, recently presented Our Town, housing standards in the United
by Thornton Wilder. The seven main characters were, left to right, Billy White, Skipper Berger, Janet Hoverson, States.
Cris Clarke, Debby Meeker, Reinaldo Barreras, and Jama Acuff. Other members of the cast were Danny Austin, Ilie investment is recovered
Gibby Hixon, Sarah Palumbo, Andreas Illies, Fred Nicolaisen, Emily Dial, Chris Wrenn, Sandra Waszak, David
Coffey, Suzanne Thomas, Wayne Smith, Tom Cook, Bill Dockery, and Patricia Fue. through rent increases.

gathered at Gatun Locks Saturday to
witness the annual event, during
which the men who pass the lines to
ships transiting the Canal demon-
strate their prowess as line throwers.
The line throwers' skill is judged on
the distance and accuracy with which
they can throw a 125-foot i4-inch
manila heaving line with an end
weight of no more than 8 ounces.
The contestants, two from each
of the three Canal locks, are the
most agile of the line handlers. They
are chosen to take part in the contest
through elimination matches.
Each year, the winner has his name
inscribed on a plaque which is dis-
played for a year at the locks where
the year's winner is employed. In
addition, cash prizes are presented
the three top men and refreshments
are served. The prizes and refresh-
ments are furnished by members of
the Atlantic and Pacific Chapters of
the Panama Canal Locks Employees
Association anid members of the
ILocks Security Forces No. 1771,
A.F.C.E. (Picture in Spanish section.)

Page 4

';X d.

May 1, 1964




Employed in the Schools Division at Fort Clayton is
Mrs. Olivia C. Cedefio. She is a teacher at the U.S.
elementary school there and her service with the
organization totals more than 9 years.

^- y

f- ,,

Doctors are always busy. And no exception is Dr. Gabriel
Kourany of the Health Bureau. He is employed at Gorgas
Hospital as a medical officer (general practice). He has
more than 10 years service with PanCanal.

Three Unions In C.



S4,250 Panamanian Members

There are about 4,250 Panama- Municipal Employees AFL-CIO
nians who belong to unions in the (AFSCME), which has two local divi-
Canal Zone. These unions, while sions, 900 and 907. AFSCME has
cooperating with management, still about 2,400 members in the two
have maintained a successful pro- locals.
gram of benefits for the members. Second in terms of membership is
The membership is in three unions, the National Maritime Union (AFL-
the largest of which is the American CIO) Panama Canal Company Divi-
Federation of State, County, and sion with 1,500 members. The third

These Public Health nurses perform a valuable service for the Panama
Canal organization. At left is Miss Lilia V. Rodriguez, with almost 2W years
service. Center is Mrs. Nelly de Ibarra, with more than 3 years of service. She
has won a letter of commendation for her lecture work and a letter from
the Governor in 1962 for quick thinking in an emergency. At right is
Miss Anna T. Caton, with nearly 3 years service. She holds a letter of
gratitude for her unselfish service and a letter of commendation for quick
and decisive action in an emergency in 1963. All work at Ancon.

Pay, Retirement Are Tops

Panamanian employees in the
Canal Zone enjoy an excellent retire-
ment plan, in addition to other bene-
fits, such as a medical insurance, life
insurance, and an annual leave allot-
ment of more than 5 weeks. The
normal work week is five 8-hour
Based on the current average pay
in a clerk's position, or the position of
a stevedore or school bus driver,
retirement at age 60 would be $1,505
a year. This is after 35 years' service.
The rate of pay for this job would
have been about $1.14 an hour ($198
a month).
* But the pay scale will go up in
less than 3 months. Based on that
future pay scale for the same posi-
tion, the retirement for the above
listed positions, after 35 years'
service, would be $1,600 a year.
The minimum retirement for the
lowest rate of pay would be $1,260
for 35 years service and $1,050 for
30 years' service. These figures are
based on retirement at age 60.

In the higher pay scales, the retire-
ment income would, of course, be
much higher. Even now, the average
retirement pay of Panamanians who
worked in the Canal Zone is higher
than the average salary of a worker
in the Republic of Panama.
Some typical examples of jobs held
by Panamanians in the Canal Zone,
and the wages paid for those jobs
are listed below. In many cases,
additional years of service in these
positions mean that the person
actually is earning more than the
salary listed.
A sales clerk after 2 years, $246
Month; a truck driver after 1 year,
S170 a month; a doctor after 5 years,
$790 a month; an accountant after
5 years, $576 a month; an engineer
after 5 years, $677 a month; a teacher
with bachelors degree after 6 years,
$605 a month; a teacher with an
advanced degree after 6 years, $652
a month; a clerk-stenographer after
5 years, $3,58 a month; and a nurse
after 5 years, $435 a month.

union is the Canal Zone Atlantic
Side Dockworkers Union, which has
about 250 members. All three of
these unions are predominantly Pan-
amanian in membership. In addition,
there are about 100 Panamanians
employed in the Canal organization
who are members of unions where
the majority of the members are U.S.
The AFSCME Local 900 has a
number of subdivisions. Some chap-
ters are the Firefighters, Industrial
Division, Dredging Division, teach-
ers, and locks employees. President
of Local 900, which has about 2,000
members is Mr. Saturnin Maugie,
employed as a teacher in the Latin
American Schools Division of the
Canal organization.
President of Local 907, one of the
smallest unions, is Mr. Edsel Wong
Samudio, employed by the Transla-
tion Section, Air Force Latin Amer-
ican Schools for military personnel.
Local 907 has about 400 members,
Panamanians who are employed by
Military agencies.
Mr. William H. Sinclair is the
International Representative for
AFSCME, AFL-CIO. Mr. Roland A.
Dean is Field Representative for
Local 900 of AFSCME.
Regional Director of'the National
Maritime Union is Mr. Rene Lioean-
jie, who is not an employee of the
Canal organization. Mr. Inedio Ceba-
llos is president of the Canal Zone
Atlantic Dockworkers Union. He is
employed as a winchman by the Ter-
minals Division.

14,600 Panamanians

At Work For PanCanal

And Military

Labor Day in Panama is a time of
thanks and recognition. The Latin
worker is recognized for his immense
contribution to progress and the
importance of his efforts. Directed
at him, this official event is a formal
proclamation of thanks from his
countrymen and Government.
And because the salute is Panama-
nian, it should include the.14,600
Panamanians employed by U.S.
Federal agencies in the Canal Zone.
These tradesmen, executives, and
professional men, paid the highest
wage scales in the nation, make a
contribution to Panama and to the
Canal Zone operation that is recog-
nized by officials as a creditable one.
The Panama Canal Organization
employs 10,777 Panamanians while
3,816 are employee by the military
services. Included are doctors, engi-
neers, teachers, nurses, accountants,
and administrators. These higher

Rubelio D. Quintero has more than
23 years service in the Engineering
Division and is Supervisory Elec-
trical Engineer, illuminaton. He
works in the division office at Balboa

B 1
Ronald Chambers, Jr., is a meat-
cutter. IHe works at the retail store in
Coco Solo, and has been an employee
of the Panama Canal organization
since 1961, when he started in the
apprenticeship program.

echelon employees often earn in
excess of S10,000 a year and salaries
of 86,000 to $8,000 a year are not
uncommon in this group.
In the average position of a Pan-
amanian worker, the pay is still very
attractive. Supporting this statement
is the list of 27,000 qualified job-
seekers who have been processed
and now wait for openings to occur
for employment in the Canal Zone.
At the bottom of the pay scale, a
Panamanian worker in the lowest
position earns $149 a month. But
that is far below average, because
the average wage for a Panamanian
employed in the Zone is $213 a
month. That will increase to more
than $240 a month when an 11.9
percent pay increase for all Panama-
nian workers goes into effect July 1
of this year.
The average hourly wage is now
$1.13 and will be $1.28 on July 1.

Precision machine work is the spe-
cialty of Charles Vreux. He began his
career with the Canal organization
in September 1960. He is employed
at the Ancon Corral of the Motor
Transportation Division of the Trans-
portation and Terminals Bureau.


An electrical engineer at the Engi-
neering D)ivision, Balboa Heights,
Numan H. VAsquez has been with
PanCanal more than 9 years. He
earned a superior service award in
1963 for exemplary work on conver-
sion of locks towing track to 60-cycle
operation and expansion of generat-
ing and transmission facilities.

Page 5

RP Presidential

Candidate Is

A.F. Employee
A former Canal Zone union
President, Mr. Jos6 de la Rosa
Castillo, has been nominated
Candidate to the Presidency of
the Republic of Panama on the
ticket of the Reformista Nacio-
nal Party. Mr. de la Rosa Cas-
tillo, a lawyer, is now employed
by the U.S. Air Force in the
Latin American School Transla-
tion Section. Mr. de la Rosa
Castillo used to be president of
and is the first man ever to run
for President of the Republic of
Panama while employed by the
U.S. Government.


Vo. II, No. 45 50 s Sicio .. P a Coco Viernes 1 de Myo de 1964
Vol. II, No. 45 50 Ailos dc Servicios . Para cl Comercio Mundial Viernes 1 de Mayo de 1964



El Capit'in del Puerto de Crist6- iEl program de Seminarios es un
bal, E. B. Ranier; el Director de la nuevo y significativo concept en el
Direcci6n de Asuntos Civiles, B. I. desarrollo Federal de ejecutivos que
Everson; y R. K. Erbe, Ayudante del se inici6 al fundarse el centro arriba
Director de la Direcci6n de Abastos mencionado en 1963.
y Servicios Comunales, viajan esta El primer grupo de 35 funciona-
semana a Nueva York para asistir a rios de carrera tomaron un curso de
un seminario de 2 semanas de dura- una semana al abrirse el centro en el
ci6n sobre "Conocimientos y Metas campus de la Academia de la Marina
de Administraci6n," curso que seri Mercante de Estados Unidos el 7 de
dictado en el Centro de Seminarios octubre de 1963. Para fines de afio
para Eiecutivos en Kings Point, ya se habian celebrado cuatro semi-
Nueva York, por la Comisi6n de narios y habian probado plenamente
Servicio Civil. su eficacia a satisfacci6n de todos.

Despues de Medio Siglo

En el Mismo Sitio Mudan

Ahora la Div. Electrica

Despu6s de haber venido funcio-
nando en el edificio de Administra-
ci6n desde el afio de 1914, la Divi-
si6n de Electricidad del Canal de
PanamA, mudarA sus oficinas a prin-
cipios de este mes al inmueble 66-A,
Avenida Roosevelt, frente al dia-
mante de pelota, edificio que actual-
mente ocupa el taller de reparacio-
nes de tel6fonos y un despacho de
campo de la propia Divisi6n de
Antes del traslado de la oficina
principal de la Divisi6n, se instala-
ran pisos de mosaicos, aire refrige-
rado y otras mejoras de menor
J. Bartley Smith, ingeniero elc-
trico que Ileva ya 36 afios de traba-
jar en el edificio de Administraci6n,
habiendo ingresado a la Divisi6n de
Electricidad desde 1928, es uno de
los funcionarios mis antiguos que
acude a Balboa Heights diariamente
a su trabajo.
* No se vaya a pensar, empero, que
la Division de Electricidad siempre
ha funcionado en el edificio de Admi-
nistraci6n. Primero lo hizo en el area
que ahora ocupa la Oficina de Pla-

nificaci6n del Canal de PanamA. En
1934 fue cuando se traslad6 al espa-
cio que ahora ocupa en el tercer
alto, donde antes funcionara la
secci6n de cupones de comisariatos.
Como por reacci6n en cadena, la
mudanza de la Divisi6n de Elec-
tricidad provocarA otras dos: el taller
de reparaciones telef6nicas, que
ahora esta en el edificio 66-A serA
trasladado al edificio contiguo, el
66-B; el taller de reparaciones de
estufas el6ctricas ocupara la secci6n
posterior del edificio 66-A.
,A cuantas personas afecta la mu-
danza? En las oficinas principles de
la Division comprende a 17 miembros
de ingenieria el6ctrica y de la admi-
nistraci6n general. En el taller de
reparaciones de tel6fonos a 7 fun-
cionarios permanentes y como a 10
jornaleros y ayudantes; en el taller
de reparaciones de estufas afecta a
2 jornaleros norteamericanos y sus
La nueva sede de la Divisi6n de
Electricidad del Canal de Panama
fue construida hace 34 afios para
dependencias de dicha Divisi6n.

* Flautistas ambidextros del Ballet Colombiano que visit el Istmo la semana
pasada aparecen arriba hacienda sonar las maracas mientras, simultAnea-
mente, tocan las flautas. El grupo de 40 cultivadores del folklore colombiano
fueron huespedes del Canal de PanamA, visitando las Esclusas de Miraflores
y realizando seguidamente una travesia parcial del Canal abordo de la lancha
Las Cruces. Ademas de los Guias del Canal de PanamB, acompai6 al Ballet
Colombiano un grupo formado por niembros de conjuntos tipicos paname-
fios, quienes manifestaron que la misica folkl6rica colombiana es muy
parecida a la panamefia e igualmente alegre. El Ballet Colombiano lo inte-
graban musicos procedentes de Cartagena y de Call, Colombia, quienes
tocaban acorde6n, tambores, flautas, maracas e instruments similares a los
que 'se emplean en la mdsica tipica panamefia.

Ver Pag. 5


--**~4P- 7X

Leopoldo Anderson, representando a las Esclusas de Gat6n se corona campe6n durante las competencias reali-
zadas el sabado pasado al celebrarse el noveno concurso annual de lanzamiento de cables con la participaci6n
de los mils diestros pasacables de los tres juegos de Esclusas del Canal de Panami. El campe6n del afio pasado,
Carlos Mel6ndez, en representaci6n de las Esclusas de Pedro Miguel, ocup6 el segundo lugar. Melndez tambi6n
habia ganado el torneo celebrado en 1960. El varias veces campe6n Juan Garz6n, quien represent a las Esclusas
de Miraflores, qued6 de tercero. Garz6n ha sido el triunfador en cinco ocasiones distintas: 1957,58-59-61-62. La
grAfica muestra a los ganadores y otros participants. El singular torneo que require inusitada destreza en el lan-
zamiento de cables marines despierta creciente entusiasmo; el nombre del ganador es inscrito en una placa para
constancia y honra a su desteridad.

Dictan Reglas Sobre

Los Ahorros Postales
Deben haber fondos depositados
durante 3 meses o mans en los Ahorros
Postales de la Zona del Canal antes
de que puedan ser retirados por un
cheque vilido para pagos que no
sean locales, segRin anunci6 el
Director de Correos.
La nueva reglamentaci6n, que
entrarA en vigor desde el 15 de mayo,
ha sido delineada en el manual revi-
sado de procedimientos de giros y
ahorros postales.
Las instrucciones revisadas envia-
das a los administradores de correos
son las siguientes: "Cuando los fon-
dos han estado depositados durante
3 meses o mis y el depositante que
hace un retire de sus ahorros postales
desea un cheque en lugar de dinero
en efectivo, tendra que hacer una
solicited al Director de Correos.
"Como una excepci6n a lo expuesto
arriba, puede suministrarse un che-
que valido solamente para pago local
al depositante que lo solicit, cuando
los fondos no han estado depositados
3 meses o mis y una considerable
cantidad de dinero estA envuelta,
$2,000 o mAs. En estas solicitudes, el
administrator de correos registrar
'Cheque para pago local solamente'."
Las instrucciones tambien estable-
cen que los certificados de ahorros
postales serAn pagados al depositante
solamente en la oficina de entrega
despues de suministrar adecuada
identificaci6n y el pago puede hacerse
en efectivo, giro postal o cheque.

Seminario de Contadores


A un costo de 8150,000, mAs o en viviendas latinoamericanas y nor-
menos, se pondri en efecto el pro- teamericanas se llev6 a efecto con
grama de modernizaci6n de vivien- exito.
das existentes en las comunidades El program de modernizaci6n de
norteamericanas tanto cuanto latino- viviendas de tipo permanent fue
americanas; el program contem- autorizado por la Junta Directiva del
plado para el aiio fiscal 1964 com- Canal de PanamA en el afio fiscal de
prende la instalaci6n de pisos de 1958 para hacer ms vivibles adn
mosaico. esos alojamientos. En concrete se
El contrato para la instalaci6n de trata de un program de mejora-
esos pisos en 630 viviendas durante o 1
esos pisos en 630 vivicodas dorante mientos encaminado al embelleci-
1964 ha sido otorgado a H. I. Homa; nto en nad al emb
una vez Ilegue el material se proce- miento de algunas viviendas, para
deril a dar comicnzo a esos trabajos colocarlas en un piano comparable
en ambos lados del Istmo, esperAn- al de las construidas en afios recien-
dose que esto acontezca a inicios del tes y con el standard corriente en
mes de mayo. Estados Unidos. La inversi6n se
Durante el anio fiscal de 1963 el recuperara mediante aumento en los
program de instalaci6n de celosias alquileres.


El Gobernador de la Zona del Canal, Robert J. Fleming, Jr., ha
proclamado este primer dia del mes de mayo de 1964, como el DIA
DE LA LEY en toda la Zona del Canal, considerando que es particu-
larmente conducente que se tome nota del sistema de jurisprudencia
bajo el cual se vive y bajo el cual estAn establecidos los derechos
individuals y las obligaciones civiles.
En su proclamaci6n, el Gobernador Fleming solicita a todos los
residents en la Zona del Canal, asi como a quienes en ella trabajan,
su observaci6n y apoyo a las leyes que nos rigen.
El Dia de la Ley fue creado mediante Resoluci6n conjunta del
Congress de los Estados Unidos en 1961, a fin de que el 10 de mayo
de cada afio sea un dia de celebraci6n especial para los americanos,
en aprecio a sus libertades, en reafirmaci6n de la lealtad a su patria
y en su rededicacion a los ideales de igualdad y justicia bajo la ley.

Empieza el Miroles 6 L. Steers, Jr., Contralor del Canal
cde Pan1am0A, respaldado por Robert
Un seminario de contabilidad aus- Lessiack, jefe de la Secci6n de Pre-
piciado por la AsociaciOn de Conta- supuestos, y Russell Jones, subjefe
does del Gobierno Federal, se lie- Contador.
van'i a cabo en el Auditorio de la El sistcma de administraci6n finan-
Escuela Secundaria de Balboa cl ciera del Ej6rcito de los EE. UU.
mibrcoles 6 de mayo, desde las 8:45 ser' explicado por el Teniente Coro-
a.m. hasta las 3:15 p.m. nel C. S. Marin, Jefe de la Division
El program tentative, auspiciado de Programa de Presupucstos de la
por Val D. Lynch, Presidente de la USASOUTHCOM. El sistema de ad-
Asociacion de Contadores del Go- ministraci6n financier de la Fuerza
bicrno Federal, include una discusi6n A6rca de los EE. UU. scrap debatido
de 1a contabilidad de la organizaciA n por la Srta. Mary L. McGroarty, jefe
del Canal de PanamA, sistema de de Contabililad.
informed y de presupuesto por Philip Despues de un receso para almor-

zar, hablara Lester B. Mallory, repre-
sentante del Banco Interamericano
de Desarrollo en Panama, sobre la
operaci6n del Banco. El fue Emba-
jador de los EE. UU. en Guatemala y
La sesion de la tarde incluinr tam-
bin charlas por D. R. Smolen, repre-
sentante local de la International
Business Machinc Co. y Rolerto
Reichard, represctntante en Panama
de la National Cash Register Co.
El seminario estA abierto para todo
el piblico. No sc cobrara por la en-
trada y no se han repartido invita-



Mayo 19, 1964

Gente en la Noticia

Felipe Kwai Ben, Jr., Ingeniero Civil p
(General) en la Secci6n de Ingenieria
Civil de la Divisi6n de Ingenieria en
el Edificio de Administraci6n en
Balboa Heights, Ileva ya 22 aios de
servicio con la organizaci6n del Canal
de PanamA, con la cual comenz6 a
laborar el 19 de diciembre de 1941.
Su trabajo consiste en el disefio y
confecci6n de pianos de proyectos de
ingenieria civil en general y es super-
visor de los dibujantes de la secci6n.
Kwai Ben, Jr., obtuvo su grado de
Licenciado en Ar'quitectura en la
Universidad de Panama en la gra-
duaci6n de 1956. El es miembro
active de la Sociedad Panameiia de
Ingenieros y Arquitectos y miembro -.
pasivo de la American Society of ~m?
Civil Engineers. Felipe naci6 y reside
en la ciudad de PanamA, y todavia
esta soltero.




La Zona del Canal esta a punto
de perder a su inica conductor de
ambulancias del sexo d6bil. Se trata
de la Sra. Eva Smith, quien ha jefa-
turado la oficina de admisi6n del
Hospital Gorgas durante los iltimos
8 afios, y partira en mayo con su
esposo, John Palmer Smith, Jr., quien
se jubila como Ayudante del Director
de Salubridad.
La afable Sra. Smith es mejor
conocida de todos como la eficiente
supervisor de 6 oficinistas de admi-
si6n, 13 conductores de ambulancias
y 4 mensajeros. Cuando la necesidad
asi lo ha exigido, ella tambi6n ha
manejado ambulancias, con igual
destreza y seguridad que el mas
expert de sus choferes.
Ser la 'inica mujer en profesiones
en que predomina el element mas-
culino, no es nada nuevo para la
Sra. Smith; durante la pasada guerra,
ella actu6 como la iunica mujer Ins-
pectora de Aduana, aunque lo fuera
por corto tiempo, en verdad, ya que
al rato se reclutaba a numerosas
damas para ayudar a los varones en
el Aer6dromo de Albrook.
Cuando ingres6 al personal de
admisi6n del Hospital Gorgas en
1951, como oficinista de informaci6n,
se someti6 a las pruebas usuales y
obtuvo licencia Federal especial,
capacitandola para conducir una
ambulancia del Hospital Gorgas o
cualquier vehiculo official con o sin
pacientes. En varias ocasiones tuvo
que fungir como operadora de ambu-
lancia, cuando se producia escasez
de choferes.
Por ser enteramente bilingiie, la
Sra. Smith ha acudido, solicita y nu-
merosas veces, en ayuda de pacientes
que asi lo requerian.

Natural de Santa Marta, Colombia,
es hija de un ex duefio de cafetales
que ahora administra su hermano,
William. Conoci6 a su esposo cuando
6ste fue a Santa Marta a trabajar
como ingeniero de la Compafiia
Los esposos Smith resident en la
Zona del Canal desde hace 22 afios.
El vino aqui como ingeniero sanita-
rio y mis tarde asumi6 el cargo de
Jefe de la Divisi6n de Sanidad de la
Zona del Canal. Hace poco fue
ascendido a Ayudante del Director
de Salubridad.
Los esposos Smith se radicaran en
su casa ancestral en las riberas de
un rio en el Condado de Charleston,
Carolina del Sur.
La licencia de conductor de ambu-
lancias quedara relegada a un desvan
cualquiera, mientra la Sra. Smith y
su esposo se dedican a la floricul-
tura, a jugar bridge y a quehaceres
familiares con sus hijos y nietos.

Publicaci6n official del Canal de Pana-
ma. Se autoriza la reproducci6n ya
fuere verbal o escrita de cualquier
cr6nica o noticia aqui aparecida, sin
necesidad de solicitud expresa.
Gobernador de la Zona del Canal
Jefe de la Oficina de Informaci6n
La informaci6n que se deseare publicar
en el SPILLWAY debe ser enviada a la
oficina del Jefe de Prensa. Dirigir la
correspondencia a PANAMA CANAL
SPILLWAY, Apartado M, Balboa, Zona
del Canal.

Victor Zakay, Ingeniero Estructural
de la Divisi6n de Ingenieria en el
Edificio de Administraci6n en Balboa
Heights, ingres6 a la organizaci6n del
Canal de PanamA en noviembre de
1961, y su trabajo consiste en el
disefio de estructuras para edificios,
etc. Zakay es egresado del Colegio
San Jos6 en la ciudad de Col6n, del
City College of New York, donde
obtuvo su bachillerato en ingenieria
civil y de la Universidad de Purdue
en donde recibi6 su master en inge-
nieria civil en 1961. Zakay es actual-
mente el president del Centro Cul-
tural Hebreo de PanamA, una orga-
nizaci6n juvenile. Tambi6n es miem-
bro de la Sociedad Panamefia de
SIngenieros y Arquitectos, y de la
American Concrete Institute. Sus
~ studios en Purdue los hizo por
medio de una beca concedida por la
Organizaci6n de Estados America-
nos. Antes de ingresar a la organiza-
ci6n del Canal de PanamA, Victor
-* trabaj6 con Andrews & Clark Con-
sultants en la ciudad de Nueva York
en 1960, y como professor en la Uni-
versidad de Panama. Zakay es sol-
Stero y su principal pasatiempo es el
tenis. El naci6 en la ciudad de Col6n
y reside en la ciudad de Panama.

Cambio de

La Escuela de Anc6n ha cam-
biado su direcci6n postal que
antes era Box 5007 por la siguien-
te: Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z.



Experimentos realizados por la
Comisi6n Nacional de Aeronautica y
el Espacio han demostrado que un
vehiculo que transit bajo condicio-
nes de lluvia copiosa, empieza a
perder contact entire las llantasy la
pista cuando alcanza la velocidadde
30 millas por hora. Cuando llega a
55 mills por hora, ya las Ilantas
pierden todo contact y el vehiculo
puede decirse que march a flote.
En realidad el vehiculo avanza
sobre un cojin de aire y agua sobre
la superficie de la pista. Esa falta de
contact efectivo con el suelo podria
explicar el misterio que circunda
ciertos accidents aparatosos y sin
raz6n aparente que se produce en
dias lluviosos.
Otros experiments sobre pista
seca y segura han demostrado que
en frenajes subitos y violentos, el
vehiculo se desliza sobre una capa
de caucho derretido. Al principio a
goma se calienta y empieza a soltar
una estela de caucho derretido,
engrasando el camino hacia un
possible desastre.



I ________________________

___ En Su Pantalla
Viernes 1__--_. The Mask Clash Of Steel Beast From Haunted Cave and
The Unstoppable Man
Owl Show 10:00 p.m. Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
H.M.S. Defiant Timberiack
SAbado 2 Vera Cruz The Crimson Blade Burmuda Affair
Domingo 3 y Bye, Bye Birdie Hud Toys In The Attic
Lunes 4-
Martes 5 _-- Glory and Return To Peyton Place and Voyage Pearl Of The South Pacific and
Public Pigeon No. 1 To The Bottom Of The Sea The Young Stranger
Milrcoles 6---- Return To Peyton Place and Voyage Glory and Harbor Lights and
To The Bottom Of The Sea Public Pigeon No. 1 Wild River
Jueves 7___- Warlord Of Crete and Panic In The Year Zero Clash Of Steel
Gambler Wore A Gun

Panic In The Year Zero
Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
Cash On Demand

Warlord Of Crete and
Gambler Wore A Gun

The Mask
Owl Show 10:00 p.m.
H.S.M. Defiant

Pigina 2

1-Dia del Trabajo. (Feriado en PanamA.)
3-Festival de la Santa Cruz en Cabuya, Chepillo y Pacora.
4- 8-Concentraci6n de oficiales del Air War College, U.S.A.
Reuni6n del Capitulo del Sur de Estados Unidos de la Sociedad
Americana de Agentes de Viajes (ASTA).
10-Domingo de Elecciones en la Repiblica de PanamA.
15-Festival del Patrono San Isidro Labrador en Capira, Oc6 y




Viernes 8

,t2!- .

12:00-Peleas que hicieron historic
12:30-Show del Mediodia
1:30-Tarde de Toros
2:00-Cine en su casa
4:30-Fiesta de Estrellitas
4:45-Carnaval de Cartones
6:00-Intriga en Hawai
7:00-Teatro de Lloyd Bridges
7:30-Las Estrellas y su llistoria
8:00-El Especticulo Mais Grande
del Mundo
9:00-El Vagabundo
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00--Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Dick Tracy
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:00-El Nifio del Circo
7:30-Mister Ed
8:00-El Detective Millonario
9:00-Foro de Opinion
10:30-Pantalla Politica
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Muier
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:00-Show de Donna Reed
7:30-Fuego de Juventud
8:00-Fred Astaire Presenta
9:00-La Marina de McHale
9:30-E1 Abogado Audaz
10:30-Pantalla Politica
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:00-Buggs Bunny
7:25-Robles y El Pueblo
7:30-Blanquita Amaro
8:00-Surf Side 6
9:00-Los Trabajadores
9:30-Alfred Hitchcock
10:30-Pantalla Politica
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-E1 Poderoso H6rcules
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:00-El Rebelde
7:30-Show Internacional
8:30-La Hora Once
9:30-Peter Gunn
10:30-Pantalla Politica
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:00-Show de la Una
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-E1 Cegato Magoo
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:00-Los Angeles Azules
9:00-El Fabricante de Noticias
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Cine Serie Semanal
3:15-Reportaies Mundiales
4:00-Sarao de Tevedos
5:00-Mundo de la Muier
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:00-Capitain Marte y XL-5
7:30-La Asamblea Nacional Habla
8:00-Ben Casey
9:00-Rumbo a lo Desconocido
10: 15-Teleteatro

10:00-Todo por la Patria
10:30-La Comedia Silente
10:45-Skilvese Quien Pueda
11:30-Hazafias del Espacio
12:00-Inspector Leclere
12:30-Cita Informal
l:30-Repriss: Novela Semanal
3:30-Repriss: Novela Juvenil
5:30-Festival de Cartones
8:00-Solo los Valientes
9:00-Ruta 66

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Yo quiero a Lucy
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Pantalla Politica
6:30-La Ley del Rev6lver
7:30-Aventuras de Rin Tin Tin
8:00-Kraft Musical
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Los Intocables
10:30-Pantalla Politica
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Doctor Caindido Prez
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Pantalla Politica
6:30-El Pijaro Loco
7:30-Estudio Pepsi
8:00-La Hora Continental
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Los Defensores
10:30-Pantalla Politica
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Randall el Justiciero
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-La Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:30-Sir Francis Drake
8:00-C6micos y Canciones
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Dr. Kildare
10:30-Pantalla Politica
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Pete y Gladys
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Pantalla Politica
8:00-La Hora de Orange Crush
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Dick Powell
10:30-Pantalla Politica
11:00-E1 Mundo al Vuelo
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Viendo a Biondi
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Pantalla Politica
7:30-Bat Masterson
8:00-Las Estrellas y Usted
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-El Santo
11:30-El Mundo al Vuelo
11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Rev6lver a la Orden
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Mi Carretilla y Yo
1:30-El Tercer Hombre
2:00-Repriss: Novela de las 5
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Club Infantil Televito
6:00-Pantalla Politica
6:30-Investigador Submarino
7:30-La Asamblea Nacional Habla
8:00-Perry Mason
9:00-Programa Especial
10:30-El Mundo al Vuelo


:IjiJ-~a'~' r'



'i~CLI. ~c* QI



Mayo 19, 1964


Universitarios Piden

Retolos Para Jardines
Se ha iniciado la Operaci6n
Hermosear en el Campus de la
Universidad de la Zona del Canal.
Terminada la fase de la cons-
trucci6n y habiendo entrado ya,
aparentemente, la epoca lluviosa,
se impone proceder a la siembra
de plants y flores que adornen los
alrededores de los edificios, labor
a la que queda cordialmente invi-
tado el pfblico en general.
Hay muchas personas que estin
actualmente ocupadas con la poda
y replante de sus matas y flores y
ellas podrian donar retofios para
el campus universitario.
El Decano de la Universidad,
Dr. Charles L. Latimer, declare
que la universidad agradeceria
cualquier donativo de esa natura-
leza para sus sardines.

Reanuda Clases

El Lunes YMCA

De Cristobal

La escuela de idiomas del YMCA
para adults para los Servicios Arma-
cos del YMCA de Crist6bal abrirA su
nuevo period el lunes 4 de mayo.
La escuela ofrece classes en Espafiol,
Ingl6s y estenografia. Cuatro niveles
* de conversaci6n en Espafiol, cuatro
niveles de Ingl6s y dos niveles de
estenografia serin incluidos en el
plan de esudios este afio.
Las classes de Espafiol y estenogra-
fia se dictarin los lunes y jueves
entire 7 y 9 p.m. en el Anexo de la
Iglesia Protestante de Margarita.
Las classes de Ingles se dictaran los
martes y viernes entire 7 y 9 p.m en
la Primera Iglesia Bautista del Istmo
en Crist6bal.
Cualquier informaci6n adicional
puede obtenerse Ilamando a los
Servicios Armados del YMCA de
Crist6bal, telkfonos Crist6bal 2163
o 2164.

SCree que el Golf

No es Peligroso?

Durante 1962 se registraron
accidents que incapacitaron a
18,000 personas en las canchas de
golf, comparadas con 15,000 en el
afio precedent.
La investigaci6n revel6 que
10,000 personas resultaron golpea-
das con bolas de golf y que otro
9 por ciento de las heridas fueron
. producidas por batazos. La insola-
ci6n dej6 postrados al 10 por ciento
de esas victims; el cansancio por
excesivo desgaste de energia inca-
pacit6 al 7 por ciento y accidents
producidos por carritos de golf
afectaron a otro 7 por ciento, debi-
dos en su mayoria al manejo des-
cuidado o temerario y vueltas sd-
bitas de los operadores de esos




/ 7

Frank A. Castles, Superintendente de las Escuelas de la Zona del Canal,
entrega los premios a los ganadores de la prueba de 25 metros estilo libre
para varones de 7 a 8 aiios de edad, en los events de nataci6n celebrados
el sAbado 11 del abril en la Piscina de la Escuela de Paraiso. El primer
lugar correspondi6 a Rogelio Welch, y el segundo a Frank Thomas, ambos
de Paraiso.



Deploramos el exceso de veloci-
dad como el que, en los Estados Uni-
dos, recientemente caus6 un autom6-
vil que llevaba a dos muchachos,
patinando 250 pies en una curva
cerrada, cambi6 de veredas, patin6
otros 90 pies volviendo a su propia
vereda, otro patinazo de 50 pies,
volteAndose, elevfndose 15 pies en
el aire, deslizAndose unos 49 pies,
pegandole a un muro de piedra, y
quedando nuevamente sobre sus
ruedas. Si, el autom6vil qued6 hecho
una miseria: pero sus ocupantes reci-
bieron solamente leves rasgufios.
Ambos estaban usando cinturones de
seguridad. Ellos tuvieron suerte-pero
qu6 suerte habria tenido una ino-
cente familiar que hubiera venido en
direcci6n contraria en un autom6vil
sin cinturones de seguridad en sus
asientos y sin poder salirse de la ruta
del carro destrozado dando tumbos?

La novena de las Escuelas, que finalize en segundo lugar en la Liga Ame-
ricana, pero ocup6 el cuarto puesto en la clasificaci6n general, se acredit6
tambien su trofeo, el cual recibi6 el piloto del equipo Cedric Bailey,
a la derecha.

Sin duda alguna, los cinturones de
seguridad ofrecen protecci6n tanto
para los buenos como para los malos
La Sociedad de Industrias PlAsti-
cas ha hecho la advertencia de que
la mayor parte de los envases plAsti-
cos( hechos como aquellos envases de
metal para gasoline de las fuerzas
armadas durante la II Guerra Mun-
dial) no son seguros para almacenar
gasoline. En temperatures de unos
1450 Fahrenheit y mAs que fAcil-
mente llegan en el ball de un auto-
m6vil o en la proa cubierta de un
bote con motor fuera de borda
durante un dia caluroso, la gasoline
desintegraria el plAstico. No se decep-
clone con la hechura de los envases
plAsticos. La manera mis segura de
llevar gasoline de repuesto es en
grandes envases de metal con tapa
de rosca, que llevan la aprobaci6n
de reconocidas organizaciones, tales
como la Oficina de Seguridad.

Liga Anti-Tuberculosa

Ayud6 a 101 Personas
Veintitres families de emplea-
dos del Canal de PanamA y de las
Fuerzas Armadas recibieron, du-
rante el afio pasado, ayuda finan-
ciera de la Liga Anti-Tuberculosa
de la Zona del Canal para hos-
pitalizaci6n o tratamiento.
Un informed preparado por el
president de la Comisi6n de Fi-
nanzas de esa organizaci6n, Dr.
Jose A. Fil6s-Diaz, indica que
101 personas-entre empleados y
dependientes de estos-se bene-
ficiaron con esa ayuda que mont6
a $7,630.
El Dr. Fil6s-Diaz, al rendir su
informed express, a nombre de la
comisi6n que preside, su recono-
cimiento a los empleados de de-
pendencias de la Zona del Canal
que, mediante sus generosas con-
tribuciones al Fondo Unido, hicie-
ron factible la labor de asistencia
para hospitalizaci6n y tratamiento
de la tuberculosis desplegada por
esa liga.

El ramo de Obras de Manteni-
miento ha podido determinar que.
con frecuencia, hay inquilinos que
causan, maliciosa o negligentemente,
dafios al inmueble que ocupan, lo
que luego require series reparacio-
nes que no habrian sido necesarias
bajo condiciones normales.
Aunque la situaci6n no es nueva
se estima convenient Ilevar a la
atenci6n de los inquilinos la necesi-
dad de que se eviten daiios y los
consiguientes gastos innecesarios por
raz6n de la indiferencia o descuido
en el manejo de la casa. Cuando se
solicitan reparaciones debido a dafios
producidos por negligencia, descuido
o mala fe de parte de los inquilinos,
el costo de las reparaciones les sera
cargado. Lo propio se aplicari
cuando se produzcan mudanzas o
abandon del inmueble.
Los alojamientos del Canal de
PanamA son generalmente repinta-
dos y aseados antes de ser ocupados.
La Oficina de la Vivienda tiene dere-
cho a esperar que les sean devueltos
en condiciones habitables, cuando
sean desocupados.
En las nuevas viviendas modernas
los gabinetes y mostradores cubiertos
de f6rmica requieren cuidado espe-
cial, ya que cuando se dafian su
reparaci6n result costosa y se hace
casi impossible cotejarla. Un utensilio
de cocina muy caliente, que se pase
del fog6n al mostrador, puede que-
mar la f6rmica, dejando un hueco.
Horadar huecos en las paredes;
dafiar el mosaico y hacer alteraciones
no autorizadas se estiman como dafio
a a propiedad. Tacones puntiagudos,
muebles colocados descuidadamente
o con puntos salientes y agudos, cau-
san gran dafio al mosaic. Seria
necesario que los inquilinos calculen
el probable monto de las reparacio-
nes de tales dafios.
La floricultura podria producer
dafios a la propiedad si no se ejerce
el debido cuidado en su planifica-
ci6n. Por ejemplo, si la tierra esta
casi a nivel del piso, cuando se riega
existe el peligro de que se cuele por
las rendijas y afloje los bloques o
los mosaicos. Es por ello que la Ofi-
cina de la Vivienda ha venido insis-
tiendo en que no se hagan los surcos
para las simientes mis altos que el
piso inferior de las casas. Tambidn
conviene cuidarse de plants que
crezcan pegadas a las paredes, ya
que causan podredumbre y facilitan
la acci6n del comejin.
Aparatos de aire refrigerado mal

Pagina 3

instalados tambien contribuyen a
causar dafios ya que gotean sobre
paredes y techos. El frio excesivo
causa condensaci6n lo que afecta a
la pintura o agrava el moho.
Hay puertas protegidas por mallas
de alambre que los nifios a veces
abollan, o rompen, al apoyarse sobre
las mismas.
Se han producido casos en que
los propios inquilinos-al olvidar la
Ilave-han roto la malla y la cerra-
dura para entrar a la casa.
En algunos casos la labor de lim-
pieza se ha intensificado en dema-
sia debido a que el inquilino que
desocupara la vivienda permiti6 la
acumulaci6n de desperdicios, mugre
y basura que no se preocup6 en
retirar al mudarse.
Hay inquilinos que jamAs limpian
detrAs de la estufa. Un poco de dili-
gencia no permitirA que residues de
polvo o jab6n causen herrumbre en
los gabinetes ni que el agua se
depositase y pudriese la madera.
Funcionarios de la Oficina de la
Vivienda opinan que si los inquili-
nos cuidasen de los inmuebles donde
resident como si fuesen propios se
evitarian muchas reparaciones y
dafios. No abuse con llamadas inne-
cesarias y costosas.
Con miras a dear aclarado cuando
se puede considerar que existe raz6n
para una Ilamada de emergencia, se
sefialan los tres casos siguientes:
a. Cuando la situaci6n encierra
peligro de dafio inmediato
a la propiedad.
b. Cuando constitute obsticulo
a la seguridad, salud o
c. Cuando alg6n aparejo esen-
cial no funciona y no
existe reemplazo o subs-
tituto disponible.
Las llamadas de mantenimiento
que no caigan en alguna de esas cate-
gorias serfn atendidas oportuna-
mente. Pero cuando se atiendan Ila-
madas de emergencia y sobretiempo
que no encajen entire las condiciones
arriba indicadas, el inquilino deberA
cubrir los gastos que se ocasionen.
Como un ejemplo, la Divisi6n de
Servicios Comunales, indica que un
fregador o servicio sanitario irremi-
siblemente tapado, cae dentro de la
clasificaci6n de llamada de emergen-
cia, pero no asi el gotear molestoso
de un grifo o pluma de agua, o una
pequefia gotera, que puede ser
atendida mis adelante sin peligro


muy REnlDA LA



.. r

Pedro Miguel tiene otro de los fuertes conjuntos que estin dispuestos a
infantil de beisbol "Crossroads."

Este es el equipo de Rainbow City que estA participando en la liga infantil de beisbol "Crossroads" que fue
inaugurada recientemente en el cuadro de beisbol de Pedro Miguel.

G. P.
Pedro MigueL ---- ----------------- 3 1
Curund ---------------------- 3 2
Rainbow City_ _ _ _ ------- 2 2
Fuerte Clayton_ _---------------------- 0 3


La novena de Pedro Miguel se encontraba al frente de la liga
infantil de beisbol "Crossroads" hasta los partidos celebrados el
Si hlunes, despuns de su victoria del sabado sobre el equipo de Fuerte
Clayton con anotaci6n de 8 carreras por 2. Ese mismo dia el
i layto c aconjunto de Rainbow City super al de Curundi con pizarra de
9 por 1.
-I' .- .. Rainbow City blanque6 el lunes a Curund6 por 7 a 0, con
Suna sensacional actuaci6n del serpentinero Roberto Atherley,
Sque se llev6 a ocho bateadores por la via de los strikes y no dio'
0 V I III r bases por bolas, siendo esta la primera vez en los 3 afios de la liga
". _que un lanzador tira un juego complete sin dar boleto gratis.
Atherley permiti6 solamente tres incogibles y solamente cuatro
corredores le llegaron a base.
Este ha sido el segundo blanqueo del afio y el tercero que se
registra en la historic de la liga infantil de beisbol.
Este torneo finalizarA el lunes pr6ximo con el partido entire
conquistar el campeonato en la liga Fuerte Clayton y Pedro Miguel en el campo de este 1ltimo.
Mafiana jugarA Clayton en Rainbow City.


Balboa y Coco Solo Verin

ShowAcuatico Aquadettes

Las "Aquadettes" de la Universi-
dad de la Zona del Canal presentarin
su segundo especticulo acuAtico, The
Waterway of Broadway, el 6 y 7 de
mayo en Balboa, y el 9 de mayo en
Coco Solo.
El tema del espectaculo de este
afio es Broadway Hits. Ellas nadarin
al compis de la misica de tales 6xitos
como The Music Man, South Pacific,
West Side Story, My Fair Lady, Mr.
President, Annie Get Your Gun, y
Las integrantes de las Aquadettes,
bajo la direcci6n de Patricia Lehman,
son: Beverly Bowman, Jean Halvosa,
Marilyn Anderson, Bobbye Lou Her-

rington, Pat Lawyer, Betsy Mallory,
Brenda Collins, Carla Elich, Dorylee
Dominguez, Carole Thompson y
Marty Smith.
Varios muchachos de la Universi-
dad de la Zona del Canal estarAn
disponibles nuevamente para pro-
porcionar entretenimiento "c6mico."
Ellos son Gordon Boswell, Jim Man-
ning, Butch McFadden, Robert
Thompson, Doug Marti, Ted Marti,
Joe SuArez, Roger SuArez, Mike
Hanuschak y Garth Feeney.
La entrada general costari 75 cen-
tavos y los estudiantes pagarin 25
centavos. El espectAculo comenzarA
a las 7:30 p.m.

La novena de Curund6 es una de las mAs fuertes en el reci6n inaugurado torneo de beisbol infantil "Crossroads"
y confia en que obtendrA el titulo de campe6n.


Aunque ha tenido tres reveses iniciales, el equipo de Fuerte Clayton so perfila como peligroso en cl terreno y
puede dar al traste con las aspiraciones de los otros equipos en la liga infantil de beisbol "Crossroads."


Un equipo integrado por
muchachos de Santa Cruz,
conquist6 el campeonato de
beisbol de Chilibre reciente-
mente. Se trata de la novena
"Lorenzo Romagosa," que
triunf6 en el partido decisive
por 8 a 3 sobre el equipo
"Mario Herrera."
El lanzador triunfador del
partido fue Jos6 Morales y el
perdedor Roy Blake.
En el campeonato de Chi-
libre tambi6n participaron las
novenas "Luis Chen," que
ocup6 el segundo lugar, y
Ron Cortez, que finaliz6 en
tercer puesto empatado con
el "Mario Herrera."


esto y algo mis. Prueben y verin,
parece decir Pat Appin, el feliz carga
bates de la novena de Curund6 en la
liga infantil de beisbol "Crossroads."
jliga infantil de beisbol "Crossroads."


Pagina 4

Mayo 19, 1964

Mayo 19, 1964

Pagina 5



Empleada en la Divisi6n de Escuelas en Fuerte Clayton
estA la Sra. Olivia C. de Cedefio. Ella es una maestra
en la escuela primaria estadounidense alli y su servicio
con la organizaci6n es de mis de 9 afios.

Los m6dicos siempre estfn ocupados. Y el Dr. Gabriel
Kourany, de la Direcci6n de Salubridad, no es una excep-
ci6n. El estA empleado en el Hospital Gorgas como
medico (prActica general). El tiene mis de 10 aiios de
servicio con el Canal de PanamA.

4.250 Panamefios Agrupados

En Tres Sindicatos Locales

Hay aproximadamente 4,250 pana- siendo el mayor la Federaci6n Ame-
mefios sindicalizados en la Zona del ricana de Empleados Estados, Con-
Canal. Los gremios a que pertene- dados y Municipios AFL-CIO
cen, aun cuando cooperan con la (AFSCME), que tiene dos gremios
direcci6n, han logrado adelantar locales, el 900 y el 907. La AFSCME
programs de mejoras para sus tiene 2,400 en dos gremios.
miembros. Ocupa segundo lugar en orden de
Existen tries sindicatos principles, importancia num6rica, el Sindicato

I *


Estas enfermeras de Salubridad Plblica llevan a cabo un servicio valioso
para la organizaci6n del Canal de Panama. A la izquierda esta la Srta. Lilia
V. Rodriguez, con casi 2 afios de servicio. Al centro estA la Sra. Nelly de
Ibarra, con mas de 3 afios de servicio. Ella gan6 una carta de premio especial
por su trabajo de lectura y una carta del Gobernador en 1962 por agilidad
mental en una emergencia. A la derecha estA la Srta. Anna T. Caton, con
casi 3 afios de servicio. Ella tiene una carta de gratitud por su servicio
desinteresado y una carta de alabanza por acci6n rApida y decisive
en una emergencia en 1963. Todas estin relacionadas con el Ramo de
Servicio a los Empleados en Anc6n.

Pensiones y Sueldos
Los empleados panamefios de la Ain con la escala actual el pro-
Zona del Canal gozan de un magni- medio pagado a empleados paname-
fico plan de jubilaci6n, ademAs de fios jubilados de la Zona del Canal,
otros beneficios tales como seguro es mis alto que el promedio de sala-
medico y de vida y vacaciones anua- rios que devenga el obrero en la
les de mas de 5 semanas. La semana Republica de Panamai.
consta de 5 dias laborables de 8 horas Abajo se detallan ejemplos tipicos
por dia. de cargo ocupados por panamefios
Basado en el promedio actual para en la Zona del Canal y los salaries
oficinista, o estibador o chofer de bus que devengan. En muchos casos, los
escolar, la Jubilaci6n alcanzaria afios de servicio de las personas que
$1,505 anuales a la edad de 60 afios. ocupan esos cargos implican una
Esto seria despues de haber servido mayor remuneracion que la que es
35 afios, cuando la remuneraci6n mencionada.
para esos cargos seria de $1.14 por Un dependiente de ventas, despu6s
hora o $198 por mes. de 2 afios de servicios percibe $246
Pero la escala de salaries serA al mes; un chofer de cami6n, des-
aumentada en menos de 3 meses. pues de 1 afio, $170 al mes; un m6-
Basado en esa future escala, la jubi- dico, despues de 5 afios, gana $790
laci6n para los cargos mencionados mensuales; un contable con 5 afios
seria de $1,600 tras de 35 afios de devegna $576 al mes; in ingeniero,
servicios. $677; un maestro con titulo de bachi-
La jubilaci6n minima a los 60 ailos Her, con 6 alios rccibe $605 al mes;
de edad seria de $1,260 anuales des- un maestro con diploma superior,
pubs de 35 ailos de servicios o de despu's de 6 aios, gana $652 al mcs;
$1,050 con solo 30 aiios de servicios. un oficinista-mecan6grafo percibe al
En los niveles mis altos de salario, mes $358 despu6s de 5 afios de ser-
la jubilaci6n seria naturalmente mais vicio, y una enfermera $435 bajo
elevada. iguales circunstancias.

Maritime Nacional (AFL-CIO) Capi-
tulo de la Compafiia del Canal de
PanamA, que cuenta con 1,500 afilia-
dos. El tercer grupo lo forma el Sin-
dicato de Trabajadores Portuarios
del Sector Atlintico de la Zona del
Canal, con 250 miembros. Estas tres
agrupaciones estin integradas pre-
dominantemente por element pana-
mefio. Hay ademAs unos 100 emplea-
dos panamefios de la organizaci6n del
Canal que pertenece a gremios en
que la mayoria de los miembros es
de ciudadania norteamericana.
El Capitulo 900 de la AFSCME
tiene algunas subdivisions, tales
como la de Bomberos, la de Maes-
tros, la de la Divisi6n Industrial, la
de la Divisi6n de Dragas, y Emplea-
dos de las Esclusas.
El Capitulo 900 esti presidido por
Saturnin Maugg, maestro de las Es-
cuelas Latinoamericanas de la Zona
del Canal.
Preside el Gremio 907 el Sr. Edsel
Wong Samudio, quien trabaja en la
Secci6n de Traducciones de las Es-
cuelas Latinoamericanas de la Fuerza
Area. Este gremio cuenta con unos
400 afiliados panamefios que trabajan
en dependencias militares.
El Sr. William H. Sinclair es el
Representante Internacional para la
AFSCME, AFL-CIO. El Sr. Roland
A. Dean es el Representante Local
para el Gremio 900 de la AFSCME.
El Director Regional del Sindicato
Maritimo Nacional es 'el Sr. Rene
Lioeanjie quien no trabaja para la
organizaci6n del Canal. El Sr. Inedio
Ceballos preside el Sindicato de Tra-
bajadores Portuarios del Sector AtlAn-
tico de la Zona del Canal. Trabaja
como Celador de la Divisi6n de

Funcionario de la

Zona, Candidato

A President
El antiguo Presidente de un
Sindicato Obrero de la Zona del
Canal, Lie. Jose de la Rosa Cas-
tillo, ha sido postulado como can-
didato a la Presidencia de la Re-
puiblica de Panamd en los prdxi-
mos comicios que se verificardn el
10 de mayo entrant. El Lic. de
la Rosa Castillo-quien presidiera
hace algin tiempo el Gremio
907-cs candidate del Partido
Reformista Nacional
El Lic. de la Rosa Castillo tra-
laja actualmente en la seccidn de
traducrioncs de las Escuelas Lati-
noamericanas de la Base Aerea de
Albrook y se cree que es la pri-
mera vez que un candidate a la
presidencia de Panamd es al pro-
pio tiempo empleado del Gobicrno
de los Estados Unidos.

A 14.600 Asciende

N6mina de Panamenios

En la Zona Canalera

El Dia del Trabajo en PanamA es
la ocasi6n para el reconocimiento y
el tribute. El obrero latinoamericano
estA reconocido por su inmensa con-
tribucion al progress asi como la
importancia do sus esfuerzos. Dedi-
cado a ese obrero, la celebraci6n
official constitute una expresi6n de
agradecimiento de su Gobierno y
sus conciudadanos.
Y por ser ese tribute panamefio,
debe de abarcar a los 14,600 em-
pleados panameiios de las dependen-
cias Federales norteamericanas en la
Zona del Canal. Estos artesanos, eje-
cutivos y profesionales, que perciben
la escala de sueldos mis alta del pais,
contribuyen a la operaci6n de la
Zona del Canal en forma que merece
el reconocimiento y aprecio de los
La organizaci6n del Canal de
Panama emplea 10,777 panamefios,
mientras que los servicios militares
ocupan a otros 3,816. Esto incluye
mbdicos, ingenieros, maestros, enfer-
meras, contables, y administradores.

Rubelio D. Quintero tiene mis de 23
afos de servicio en la Divisi6n de
Ingenieria y es Subjefe Ingeniero
Elctrico, en iluminaci6n. El trabaja
en la oficina de la division en Balboa

Esta jerarquia mAs elevada de em-
pleados con frecuencia gana en
exceso de $10,000 al afio, y los sala-
rios que fluctian entire los $6,000 y
los $8,000 no son poco comunes, en
este grupo.
Aun en el promedio general, el
trabajador panameiio tiene .un sueldo
atractivo. Tanto es asi que hay actual-
mente 27,000 aspirantes entrevistados
y calificados que aguardan vacantes
para trabajar en la Zona del Canal.
En el extreme inferior de la escala
de salario, un trabajador panameiio
percibe un minimo de $149 por mes,
pero esto estA muy por debajo del
promedio, que es de $213 por mes
para el obrero panamefo empleado
en la Zona del Canal. Este promedio
subiri a mas de $240 mensuales al
entrar en vigor el 19 de julio de este
afio el aumento de 11.9% para todos
los trabajadores panamefos.
El salario-promedio actual es de
$1.13 por hora y ascenderAa $1.28
el 1' de julio de este afio.

La especialidad de Charles Vreux es
el trabajo de precision mecanica. El
comenz6 su carrera con la organiza-
ci(mn del Canal en septiembre de
1960. EstA empleado en el Corral de
Ancon de la Divisi6n de Transporte
a Motor de la Direcci6n de Transpor-
tes y Terminales.


Numan H. VAsquez, ingeniero elic-
Strico en la Divisi6n de Ingenieria en
SBalboa Heights, ha estado con el
Canal de PanamA durante mas de 9
aios. El gano un premio por servicio
Ronald Chambers, Jr., es un carni- sobresaliente en 1963 por trabajo
cero. El trabaja en el almac6n en exemplar en la conversion de la via de
Coco Solo, y ha sido empleado de la locomotoras de las esclusas a la ope-
organizaci6n del Canal de PanamA raci6n de 60 ciclos y la expansion
desde 1961 cuando se inici6 en el de las facilidades generadoras y de
program de aprendizaje. transmission.



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