Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
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 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights, C.Z
Publication Date: February 17, 1964
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00446
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Help, Generosity of P.C. Families

"Magnificent," Says Mrs. Bogart

Gratitude for the generous help of Panama Canal families during the
recent disturbances is expressed in a letter from Mrs. Theodore F.
Bogart, wife of the Commander of the U.S. Army Forces Southern
Command, to Mrs. Robert J. Fleming, Jr., wife of the Canal Zone
The letter said:
"On behalf of the army wives in my husband's command, I would
like to thank you and all the Panama Canal families who gave to, and
so generously helped our dependents who were evacuated from Panama
to the Canal Zone during the recent difficulties.
"Many of the volunteers from our Wives' Clubs, as well as Mrs. Cald-
well, the Fort Clayton Service Club director, told me that PanCanal's
contributions of time, money, effort, clothing as well as offers to take
evacuees into their homes, was magnificent, and of immense value.
"Furthermore, many people remarked that many Zonians gave their
best wool clothing, their new 'never worn' coats, sweaters, shoes and
other articles which certainly was above and beyond any ordinary
gesture of generosity. It was good to know that the dependents were
able to arrive in the States in comfortable, well fitting clothes, instead
of looking like poor neglected refugees.
"I would be very grateful if you could arrange to have this note of
thanks passed around and read at as many meetings of organizations
as possible, because we do want everyone associated with PanCanal to
know how much their help was appreciated."



Vol. II, No. 35 Monday, February 17, 1964

Menaces of Bats, B

Warnings for Can
Bats and bicycles continue to be
menaces to Canal Zone residents.
Two separate warnings were
sounded recently on the dangers of
the flying mammals and the hazards
of reckless pedaling.
An increase in the incidence of
rabies-infected bats occurs periodi-
cally each year throughout the Canal
Zone. Eradication of local bat popu-
lations is not practicable due to the
large numbers involved and the
variety and number of roosting and
hiding places within the Canal Zone.

"Adult" Age Level
I Going Down to 12
For Movie Prices
If you are over 12 years of age
consider yourself grown up. At least,
grown up enough to pay adult prices
at the movies after March 1. Chil-
dren's admission prices will apply
to all person from the ages of 6 to
12. The range now is 6 to 14.
Student Association members, re-
gardless of age, have been enjoying
the movies for 30 cents. This special
privilege has been revoked.
There has been no change in the
admission price for children under
6 years of age. The tots are admitted
free when accompanied by a respon-
sible person paying adult admission.
These changes affecting theater
admission prices apply to all theaters
in the Canal Zone.

YMCA at Cristobal
Offers Spanish
And Shorthand
The Cristobal Armed Services
YMCA has announced that Spanish
and shorthand classes have been
transferred to the annex of the Marga-
rita Union Church building, located
beside the Margarita clubhouse.
The classes meet on Monday and
Thursday evening from 7 to 9 p.m.
Four levels of Spanish and a begin-
ning shorthand course are open for
enrollment. Further information may
be obtained by telephoning Cristobal


al Zone



But the Health Bureau Division of
Veterinary Medicine is interested in
all bats found in townsite areas and
asks that the Veterinary Public
Health Laboratory, telephone Bal-
boa 4263 be called immediately
when a bat is discovered.
Parents are asked to warn their
children not to touch bats or what
appear to be small birds or even
"strange frogs."
Adults who attempt to capture
sick bats are advised to use tools, or
a small shovel, to avoid being
exposed to a bite. The captured bat
should be placed in a jar and turned
in to the Veterinary Public Health
Reckless bicycle riders and riding
of bicycles on sidewalks not only
threaten public safety, but also break
Canal Zone laws. A bicycle is defined
as a vehicle under the Canal Zone
regulations and Canal Zone police
ask the cooperation of parents and
children in keeping bicycles off the

Gift of the Panama Canal Museum

Eligible To Vote?

Better Check

Most U.S. citizens think they must
be 21 years of age in order to vote.
But they don't. In Georgia, Ken-
tucky, and Guam they can vote when
they are 18. In Alaska a citizen must
be 19 and in Hawaii 20 years of age
before he is eligible to go to the
Not too many U.S. citizens living
outside the continental United States
know what they must do in order to
cast a vote in either the primary or
November 3 general elections of
their States.
Some U.S. citizens living abroad
are not sure if they are eligible to
vote at all.
Most are, through a system of
absentee ballot.
Answers to these questions and
many others may be found in a com-
prehensive voting information book-
let prepared by the Armed Forces
Information and Education, Depart-
ment of Defense, which has been
distributed to Canal units, the Canal
Zone Library, Civic Councils, em-
ployee organizations, and fraternal
organizations by the Personnel
Divided according to States, the
information pamphlets include such

voting information as definition of
those qualified to vote by absentee
ballot, qualifications for voting, regis-
tration requirements, method of
applying for an absentee ballot, and
the last day an absentee ballot will
be accepted by each State.
A special application for absentee
ballot may be obtained by U.S.-
citizen employees of the Canal organ-
ization at the Office of the Deputy
Personnel Director (Staff) in the Ad-
ministration Building, or call Balboa
2625. The application will be mailed
upon request.
Each State has its own voting
laws and these vary from State to
State. Citizens planning to cast an
absentee vote should consult the
summaries of the laws of the State
in question as given in the pamphlet.
Many States permit registration by
absentee process and some will
register a qualified voter when they
accept a voted absentee ballot. In
others a voter must be registered
before applying for a ballot. Applica-
tion for registration should be made
as early as the State permits, espe-
cially in cases where registration
must be completed before an

absentee ballot may be applied for.
In some places, registration is per-
manent, for instance in the State of
Vermont and in some counties and
cities of New York. In North Dakota
registration is not required for cit-
izens who have been a resident for
1 year, and in Texas there is no
registration law. In Alaska, the
newest State in the Union, registra-
tion is not required in advance but
takes place as part of the voting
Some States, like New York,
require that the voter show proof of
literacy. In Oregon voters must be
able to read and write the English
language; in Hawaii the voter must
be able to speak, read and write the
English or Hawaiian language, while
in South Carolina he must be able
to read and write any section of the
State constitution.
John A. Michaelis, Notary Public,
located in the Magistrate Court,
Balboa (telephone: Balboa 2821),
has volunteered his services free of
charge for the notarizing of absentee
ballots. Other notary publics are
listed in the yellow pages of your
telephone directory.

Gold watches for top suggestions in the Panama Canal awards program were presented by Canal Zone Governor
Robert J. Fleming, Jr., to three Panama Canal pilots, above, who cooperated in submitting the year's most
beneficial suggestion which resulted in improvement in Canal operations. With the gold watch each pilot also
received a check for $333.33 and an award certificate. From left are Capt. Walter A. Reinheimer, Capt. Irving
G. Hay, Governor Fleming, and Capt. Robin L. Erixon.

For a report on benefits
to Panama from the U.S.
military presence in the
Canal Zone and a sum-
mary of external aid to
the Republic.

- ___

Opening of Youth Counseling Center

Scheduled for Wednesday Evening

The Youth Counseling Center,
organized to provide counseling to
unemployed adolescents in Canal
Zone Latin-American communities,
will be formally opened at 6 p.m.
Wednesday in the Pedro Miguel
Civic Center.
Sylvester D. Callender, Commu-
nity Relations Assistant, and Mrs.
Georgina C. de Young, in charge of
the Canal Zone's Social Welfare
program, will speak. Also included
as speakers on the program are Ellis
T. Fawcett, Supervisor of Instruc-
tion for Latin-American Schools,
Kenneth Haughton, president of the
Santa Cruz Civic Council, and Da-
niel Stewart, member of the Youth
Counseling Center Committee.
The Rev. C. 0. Morales of St.
Alban's Vicarage in Paraiso will
pronounce the invocation and the
Rev. Vincent Loeffler of St. Mary's
Mission, Balboa, will give the bene-
diction. Music will be furnished by

M. Callender, Maria Small, and
Errol Archibald.
The center was organized, with
the backing of members of civic,
school, fraternal, and labor organiza-
tions in the Canal Zone, for the
purpose of assisting boys and girls
between the ages of 14 to 21 years
who are unemployed or who are
referred to the committee in charge
by the Latin-American schools.
Information will be provided from
this center concerning employment
opportunities in the Republic of
Panama and in the Canal Zone
and assistance will be given in
completion of application forms.
The center also will assist with
orientation courses for students who
wish to enter the University of Pan-
ama or any other school in Panama.
Orientation courses for youngsters
who are applying for employment
also are being planned.

Breakthrough on Problem of Ship

Handling Brings 3 Pilots Awards

Three Panama Canal pilots who
put their heads together and worked
out the most beneficial suggestion
of the past year for improvement in
Panama Canal operations each re-
ceived a gold watch, a check for
$333.33 and a Suggestion Award
certificate with the personal con-
gratulations of Canal Zone Governor
Robert J. Fleming, Jr.
The presentation ceremony Feb-
ruary 7 in the Administration Build-
ing, Balboa Heights, honored Capt.
Walter A. Reinhcimer of the Atlantic
side of the Isthmus, and Capt. Irving
G. Hay and Capt. Robin L. Erixon
of the Pacific side.
Panama Canal Pilot Captains
Erixon, Hay, and Reinheimer sug-
gested the admission of water into
lock chambers behind deep draft
superships to "flood" them out of
the lower lock chambers at Gatun
and Pedro Miguel. This suggestion,
resulting in development of a
highly satisfactory procedure which
has been standardized, constituted a
major breakthrough in solving a
difficult ship handling problem at the
Panama Canal.
Senior of the three in Panama
Canal service is Pilot Captain Hay,
who has been with the Canal organ-
ization since February 17, 1936,

when he was employed as an oper-
ator machinist, dredging. In Jan-
uary 1939 he was promoted to
master, towboat, and on January 15,
1945, was promoted to pilot in train-
ing. In April of the same year he
became a probationary pilot and has
been a qualified pilot since April 15,
Pilot Captain Erixon went into
Panama Canal pilot training April 14,
1952. He was promoted to proba-
tionary pilot October 12, 1952 and
since October 11, 1953, has been a
qualified pilot.
Pilot Captain Reinheimer started
his Panama Canal service as a tow-
boat master November 15, 1957. He
was promoted to pilot in training on
February 23, 1958, and then to
probationary pilot on August 24,
1958. He has been a qualified pilot
since August 23, 1959.
The gold watch award for the best
suggestion of the year has been part
of the Panama Canal suggestion
award program since 1957. One gold
watch for the year's top suggestion
was presented each year until 1962,
when three employee suggestions
received gold watch recognition. This
year again a triple award has been

I '



February 17, 1964

Discount Granted

On Ticket Prices

For World's Fair

Panama Canal employees who are
going to the United States on leave
this summer may meet each other
at the New York World's Fair.
To make things easier and more
economical for those planning to take
the family to what promises to be
one of the outstanding events of our
time, arrangements have been made
by the Panama Canal Personnel
Bureau to obtain World's Fair
admission tickets at reduced prices.
This special one-third discount,
effective only until the end of Feb-
ruary, will be made on all tickets
purchased now.
Employees planning to attend the
fair are urged to place their order
for tickets immediately with the
office of the Deputy Personnel Di-
rector (Staff), Room 243-A, in the
Administration Building. (Call Mrs.
Kay Tanassy, telephone 2-2625.)
By purchasing tickets in advance,
employees will be able to obtain
the $2 adult admission ticket for
$1.35 and the $1 children's ticket
for 672 cents. For a family of four
who may wish to attend the fair
4 days, for example, this would
mean a considerable savings.
Orders for fair tickets must be
placed before February 29 and must
be accompanied by a check or by
cash. The bulk order, which must
be for 50 or more tickets, will be
forwarded to New York World's
Fair Corporation. Tickets will be
distributed to individual purchasers
as soon as they are received from
New York.

Stargazing Season;

Observatory's Open

The Canal Zone Observatory is
now open to visitors Sundays and
Tuesday from 7 to 9 p.m.
Objects of interest that can be
seen in the evening sky are the
planets Jupiter and Venus, and the
major constellations of Orion,
Gemini, Canis Major are visible.
Most obvious are the stars Sirius, also
called the Dog Star, and Aldebaran.
Sirius is the brightest star in the
heavens. The Gemini Space Program
is named after the constellation of
the twin stars Geminm The four
moons of Jupiter can be seen. The
best time to observe the earth's
moon, however, is when it is new
and crescent shaped.
These and other celestial wonders
will be pointed out and described by
J. W. Seaquist, a Balboa High School
teacher, and B. J. Brown, a civil
engineer with the Panama Canal.
The observatory, which is under
the auspices of the Division of
Schools, will remain open throughout
the dry season.

Canal Zone College

Plans Talent Show

The Canal Zone College Talent
Show, a follow-up to last semester's
Hootenanny, will be held Feb-
ruary 28 and 29 in the Canal Zone
College auditorium. The program is
being sponsored by the CZC Student
Association, with the aid of Delta Psi
Omega, drama society at the college.
The 3-hour program will feature
Jack Dubroff as master of cere-
monies. It will include almost 40
Featured in the talent show will be
singers, a four-piece orchestra, dance
demonstrations, solo instrument per-
formances and comedy skits.
Admission prices and further pro-
gram information will be announced


/ .,

helping hand is given to grandma, who has just collected her monthly
ARE package given to disability relief annuitants through the cooperation
f the Panama Canal. The distribution of packages took place recently in
ncon and Cristobal. Other CARE packages also were given out to widows
r aged dependents of former employees who are not eligible for disability
relief checks.

Burnham Elected

New President Of

Training Officers

Two Panama Canal organization
trainers were among the new officers
elected by the Isthmian Society of
Training Officers at a luncheon meet-
ing at the Albrook Field Officers'
Loron B. Burnham, chief of the
Personnel Bureau's Employee Util-
ization and Development Staff, was
elected president of the society for
the term ending in February 1965.
Chosen as new secretary-treasurer
was Mrs. Frances T. Arnold,
training instructor on the Employee
Utilization and Development Staff.
James B. McGee, Proficiency
Development Officer, International
Flight Service Station, Federal Avia-
tion Agency, Balboa, was named
vice president.
Outgoing officers were John E.
Ballenger, Training and Safety Di-
rector, U.S. Naval Station, Rodman,
president; Harry W. A. Biehl, chief,
Training and Development Division,
Office of Civilian Personnel, U.S.
Army Southern Command, vice pres-
ident; and William H. Lewis,
Personnel Management Specialist,
Civilian Personnel Office, Albrook
Air Force Base, secretary-treasurer.
The Isthmian Society of Training
Officers was founded a year ago and
was patterned after the American
Society of Training Directors, the
international organization of profes-
sional trainers. Many of the local
trainersalso a re members of the
international association.
The local group includes em-
ployees of the Army, Navy, Air
Force, Panama Canal, Federal Avia-
tion Agency, and Canal Zone Ci-
vilian Personnel Policy Coordinating
Board in the Canal Zone, and of
the U.S. AID mission and the Pan-
ama Government's civil service
system in Panama.

Retail Stores To Be Closed

On Washington's Birthday
Washington's birthday, February 22,
comes on a Saturday this year. Con-
sequently, all Panama Canal retail
stores will be closed that day.
In order that no community will be
without food services for 3 consecu-
tive days, the food sections only of
the Balboa Retail Store, Coco Solo
Retail Store, Rainbow City Retail
Store, and Gatun Retail Store, nor-
mally closed on Mondays, will be
opened for customer convenience on
February 24.
The Diablo Heights Superette will
not be closed on Saturday, Feb-
ruary 22. This unit will continue
operations as usual.

Teen Queens Eyeing

Crown; Coronation

Dance February 21
Teen queens who are eyeing the
Balboa Teen Queen crown are busily
selling votes these days, for the girl
with the most votes will be crowned
and will reign at the Coronation
Dance, the George Washington
Birthday Ball at the Balboa Teen
Club on February 21. Besides a
crown, the winning queen will
receive many lovely prizes.
Funds earned from the annual
Balboa Teen Club queen contest
provide the financial mainstay of
the club, whose continuous operation
depends largely on the success of the
current vote-selling contest.
The "Waywards" will entertain at
the coronation dance.

Riley's No-Hitter

Puts BHS on Top

In School League
Balboa High School's Jim Riley,
who posted a 7-0 record last year as
a junior, opened his final year as
BHS's mound ace with a 6-0 no-hitter
against Schools Division Athletic
Club in the second game of a double-
header. Balboa won the first game
8-5. Riley, in his last start of 1963,
ended the interschool season with a
no-hitter while beating Canal Zone
College 1-0. In his most recent
no-hitter, Riley struck out 16 and
walked 1.
(As of February 12)
Team W L GB
Balboa High.._____ 3 0
Cristobal High-----_ 1 1 1%
Canal Zone College-_- 0 1 2
Schools Division AC _ 0 2 21%
CHS 6-CZC 5 BHS 10-CHS 5
7 p.m.
Mon.-BHS vs. BC, at Balboa.
Tues.-CHS vs. CZC, at Balboa.
Thurs.-BHS vs. CHS, at Cristobal.

official publication of the Panama
Canal, Balboa Heights, C.Z. News
articles contained in it are made avail-
able to all interested news media for
whatever use they may wish to make
of them and may be reprinted without
official clearance.
Governor of the Canal Zone
Lieutenant Governor
Information Officer
Material intended for publication in
the SPILLWAY should be delivered to
the Panama Canal Press Office or
Box M, Balboa Heights, C.Z.

Premium Deductions

Lagging, Coverage

Not Being Affected
Many employees enrolled in the
group insurance plans provided by
the Group Insurance Board have
noticed that their deducted premiums
do not reflect recent salary increases.
This has led them to believe that
their insurance benefits coverage is
not as much as it should be.
Adjustment of premium rates is a
few weeks behind. This is due to
the underwriter of this group, United
of Omaha, having to direct all efforts
to occupying new office spaces and
reconstructing destroyed records.
Within a few days, premiums will be
adjusted to correctly show amount
of coverage.
The Group Insurance Board has
been assured that any claims will be
paid as if the correct premiums had
been deducted. Any underpayment
of premium will simply be sub-
stracted from the proceeds at the
time the claim is paid.

Cristobal Little

Theatre Staging

"Yum Ymn Tree"
Under the Yum Yum Tree will be
the Cristobal Little Theatre's first
play of the year. Scheduled for a
4-night run opening February 21,
this Broadway love-comedy and
movie, set in a San Francisco apart-
ment, will be staged at the France
Field Theatre, featuring a rich
offering of local talent.
John Waghelstein and Nicki
Harper are billed as the love-smit-
ten young couple Dave and Robin,
who agree to live together for a
time, platonically of course, in
order to test their "character suita-
bility." Surse Pierpoint will be seen
as Hogan, the crafty landlord of
their love nest, and Jean Judge por-
trays Irene, our heroine's aunt, and
Hogan's most recent flame.
Bob Kidney is in the director's
chair, and Jack Willis is handling
set construction. Thelma Louis is
stage manager.

History Viewed

As Aid in Meeting

Challenges Ahead

February is being observed as
American History Month through a
program of the Daughters of the
American Revolution and the Pan-
ama Canal Chapter of the DAR. The
objective: To stimulate a greater
interest in American history.
Calling attention to the obser-
vance, Governor Fleming, noted that
the birth month of Presidents Wash-
ington and Lincoln is an ideal period
to place special emphasis on the
values and heritages bequeathed
following generations by the great
leaders of the Nation.
Urging that schools, churches,
clubs, civic groups and individuals
in the Canal Zone lend effective
support to the observance, Governor
Fleming emphasized it is extremely
important "to impress upon the
Nation's children a feeling of love
and pride for the country and its
history, and a duty as responsible
citizens to have an intimate knowl-
edge of our historical past in order
to properly meet the challenge

A section of Jadwin Road, near
High Street in Gatun, will be closed
February 18 through 20 while the
railroad crossing is being repaired.
Detour signs will be posted to guide
motorists around the project.

Orthopedic Chief
Will Speak Tuesday
Dr. C. W. Metz, Jr., chief of
Orthopedic Service, Gorgas Hospital,
will speak on "Closed Treatment of
Fractures of the Tibia" at Tuesday
night's meeting of the Medical Asso-
ciation of the Isthmian Canal Zone.
The meeting, the 687th of the
association, will be at 7 p.m. in the
Gorgas Hospital conference room.
A buffet will precede the meeting.
(Through February 14)
Team W L GB
Abernathy____ 11 0 -
White Horse--_____ 6 6 5%
PhilipsRadio ------ 6 5 5
Fort Clayton.. ____ 4 8 7%
Atlas Beer-________ 2 10. 93
Mon.-Abernathy vs. Philips Radio
Tues.-White Horse vs. Fort Clayton
Wed.-Philips Radio vs. Atlas Beer
Thurs.-Fort Clayton vs. Abernathy
Fri.-Atlas Beer vs. White Horse
All games begin at 4:45 p.m.

5:05-Magic Land of Allakazam
5:30-Flags of Freedom
6:30-Louis Armstrong
7:00-SCN NEWS (Eng. and Span.)
7:10-Engineer Week Quiz
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Dick Van Dyke
"Angel And The Badman"
10:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
11:15-Encore: Ed Sullivan
5:30-Do You Know
6:30-True Adventure
7:00-SCN NEWS (Eng. and Span.)
7:10-Armed Forces News
7:30-Andy Griffith
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Bell Telephone Hour
9:05-Armchair Theater:
"Unholy Four"
10:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
10:10-Armchair Theater-Continued
10:30-Ted Mack
11:15-Encore: Dick Van Dyke
and Danny Thomas
12:00-SCN NEWS (English)
5:05-Shari Lewis
7:00-SCN NEWS (Eng. and Span.)
7:30-Thin Man
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-The Lieutenant
9:05-Zane Grey Theater
10:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
11:15-Encore: Bell Telephone Hour
5:30-Science In Action
7:00-SCN NEWS (Eng. and Span.)
7:10-College Bowl
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Danny Kaye
9:05-Circle Theater
10:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
10:10-Sing Along With Mitch
11:15-Encore: The Lieutenant
5:05-American Bandstand
7:00-SCN NEWS (Eng. and Span.)
7:10-Price Is Right
7:35-Candid Camera
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
9:05-Jack Paar
10:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
10:10-Fight Of The Week
1:00-SCN NEWS (English)
1:05-Cartoon Carnival
1:45-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
1:50-Captain Kangaroo
2:35-Saturday Double Feature:
"Unholy Four" and
"Angel And The Badman"
5:30-Sports Time
6:30-Big Picture
7:00-SCN NEWS (Eng. and Span.)
7:10-Sid Caesar
7:35-To Tell The Truth
8:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
8:05-Lawrence Welk
9:05-Jerry Lewis
10:00-SCN NEWS (Spanish)
10:10-Jerry Lewis-Continued
10:15-Armed Forces Screen Magazine
10:30-I've Got A Secret
11l:15-Steve Alien

Page 2

February 17, 1964




From the U.S. Military Presence

in the Canal Zone

The U.S. military presence in the
Canal Zone has benefited the Repub-
lic of Panama and its citizens through
contributions to the economic,
social, cultural, health, and scientific
progress of the nation.
These contributions include such
tangibles as the employment of more
than 4,000 non-U.S. citizens with an
annual payroll exceeding $13 million
and purchases by Armed Forces
agencies and individuals in excess of
$19 million annually.
Less tangible, but equally impor-
tant, are such contributions as mercy
evacuation flights for sick and injured
in remote areas of the Republic,
donations of blood to Panamanian
hospitals, and health services to
various isolated communities of Pan-
ama. This summary outlines the
significance and importance of the
Armed Forces in the Canal Zone to
the Republic of Panama's progress
and well-being.

a. Purchases made and contracts
let by the Armed Forces in the Canal
Zone are included in totals compiled
and to be submitted by the U.S.
Embassy in Panama. In brief, appro-
priated and non-appropriated fund
procurements by U.S. Southern Com-
mand components made total pur-
chases of $10,369,554 in 1962.
S b. The Armed Forces employ
4,882 non-U.S. citizens in the Canal
Zone. These personnel, citizens of or
resident in the Republic of Pan-
ama, have an annual payroll of
c. In addition to purchases by
appropriated and non-appropriated

fund activities, U.S. military and
civilian personnel of the Armed
Forces and their families spend an
estimated $8 million annually for
personal purchases of merchandise,
recreation, and services.
d. Disposal of U.S. Military Sur-
plus Property.-(1) During fiscal
year 1963, the U.S. Southern Com-
mand provided the Guardia Nacio-
nal equipment costed at $35,000 at
a nominal price of $3,500 (10 per-
cent of costed value). This equip-
ment, if sold at usual prices, would
have realized approximately $9,000
to the U.S. Government. (2) Prop-
erty Disposal Office sales to Republic
of Panama business enterprises
through its standard disposal proce-
dures netted the Republic approxi-
mately $15,000 in duties paid to the
national treasury by the purchaser
upon import of the merchandise into
the Republic.

a. On April 1, 1963, a commercial
communication cable from the Canal
Zone to the United States via
Jamaica by IT&T (American Cable
and Radio) was completed. This
facility, containing 128 channels for
voice and teletype communication,
was constructed primarily because of
military requirements. If U.S. forces
were not stationed in the Zone, it
would not have been feasible to
construct the facility as a commer-
cial enterprise at this time. Services
from the cable are available to the
Republic of Panama, providing
effective communication to the
United States.
b. U.S. Navy forces in the Canal

An injured Panamanian, who was evacuated by U.S. Air Force Rescue Service helicopter from Taboga Island to
the Canal Zone, is readied for transfer to Santo Tomas Hospital in Panama City. Military forces in the Canal
Zone flew 119 air-sea rescue or mercy evacuation missions in 1963 in the Republic of Panama. In 1962, 73 such
missions were flown.

Zone provide record (teletype) com-
munications facilities for Republic
of Panama official government traffic
to the United States. One hundred
and ten messages to and from Wash-
ington are handled monthly. This
service eliminates the requirement
for the Republic of Panama to pro-
vide facilities for such communi-
cation, or to contract for them
c. The U.S. Navy provides mari-
time communications for commercial
vessels in the waters off the Republic
of Panama. This service processes
messages to commercial stations,
where they can be refiled worldwide
to the final destination. Charges from
the refile point to destination are
paid by the sender. By this service,
the Republic of Panama is absolved
of the expense of maintaining
maritime communications facilities.
Approximately 4,700 messages from
ships are handled monthly by the
d. Approximately $200,000 is ex-
pended annually by U.S. forces to
maintain the Boyd-Roosevelt High-
way, major trans-isthmian route.
This highway, built by the U.S. Gov-
ernment, has been deeded to the
Republic of Panama. In return for
maintaining the highway, U.S. mili-
tary forces are entitled to use of all
Republic of Panama roads without
payment of any fee or toll.
e. Inspection and guidance pro-
vided by U.S. military veterinarians
to Panamanian suppliers of meats,
dairy products, seafoods, fruits and
vegetables, and other foodstuffs have
raised standards of the Panamanian
industry whereby their products are
acceptable for purchase by military
forces in the Canal Zone. Without
this assistance, in many instances
products would have been of inferior
quality, and major sales to the Canal
Zone could not have been effected.


a. Military forces in the Canal
Zone have flown 91 air-sea rescue or
mercy evacuation missions thus far
in 1963 in the Republic of Panama.
In 1962, 73 missions were completed.
The average cost per mission is
4, approximately $400. Its greatest con-
tribution, however, is in the relief
of suffering and saving of life of
The Inter-American Geodetic Survey, a part of the U.S. Army Forces the citizens of Panama.
Southern Command, headquartered in the Canal Zone, has mapped about b. Many of the missions flown are
one-fourth of the Republic of Panama since 1946. This mapping, which has to remote, inaccessible regions of
contributed to the development of the country, was conducted under a joint the Republic of Panama to evacuate
agreement signed by the United States and the Republic of Panama. seriously ill to medical facilities in
Mapping operations require skilled survey teams, such as the one pictured
making a precision measurement. major Panamanian communities. The

Republic of Panama does not have
the air or sea capability to provide
this humanitarian service for its

Military forces in the Canal Zone
stand ready to provide relief in
event of disaster in the Republic of
Panama. An example of such a relief
function was the supply by air of
10 large tents to house homeless as
a result of a disastrous fire at Gara-
chine, Panama, on June 18-19, 1963.
The tents were air-dropped to the
stricken village.

a. Medical personnel of U.S.
Armed Forces have provided volun-
tary health services, both medical
and dental, to various isolated com-
munities in the Republic of Panama.
In many instances, these services
have been virtually the sole source
of medical care available to the reci-
pients. Examples are dispensaries
operated on a continuing basis at
Rio Hato and on Taboga Island.
b. Personnel have on a continuing
basis made voluntary contributions
of blood to hospitals in the Republic
of Panama. These donations have
been made both by members of the
Canal Zone military and civilian
community and by crews of U.S.
naval vessels temporarily docking in
the Canal Zone.

a. The Inter-American Geodetic
Survey, headquartered in the Canal
Zone, since 1946 has mapped
approximately 25 percent of the
Republic of Panama and has pro-
vided 1/50,000 scale topographic
maps to the Republic without cost.
The mapping and survey of the
Republic of Panama is conducted
under a joint agreement signed by
the United States and the Republic.
b. Exclusive of military salaries
for 30 military personnel on full time
duty establishing supplemental map
control and conducting field classi-
fication surveys in the Republic of
Panama, IAGS expended approxi-
mately $130,000 in fiscal year 1963
in the mapping program for the
c. The IAGS Cartographic School
in the Canal Zone has trained more
than 100 Panamanian citizens in
phases of mapping procedures since
1952. These provide a repository of
personnel of the Republic skilled in
mapping procedures.

d. Not included in IAGS expen-
ditures are grants for mapping pro-
vided the Republic of Panama by
the Agency for International Devel-
opment (AID). Portions of an AID
grant of $1 million have been
expended by the Republic of Pan-
ama for large scale (1/10,000)
mapping programs in the Republic
which are supported by the IAGS.

a. U.S. military forces in the Canal
Zone have numerous survey, scien-
tific and technical facilities in opera-
tion. These facilities provide infor-
mation and guidance to the Republic
of Panama, which in many instances
does not have the trained personnel
or equipment for such endeavors.
Among such facilities is the U.S.
Navy Corrosion Laboratory and
Tropical Exposure Station where
periodic testing of the effects of the
tropics on materials, metals and
petroleum is conducted. Another is
the Navy Branch Oceanographic
Office, which studies tides, currents
and prepares chartwork of regional
waters. Results of their studies are
made available to the Republic of
b. Sea transportation assistance
has been provided to archeologists
on official research trips to otherwise
inaccessible areas of the Republic
of Panama.

a. During fiscal year 1962, train-
ing under the Military Assistance
Program was provided to 418 mem-
bers of the Guardia Nacional. This
training was provided primarily at
the U.S. Army Forces, Southern
Command, School of the Americas,
and included courses in pure military
skills and techniques, as well as in
such technical fields as maintenance
of weapons, vehicles, and communi-
cations equipment, communications
procedures, and radio operation. The
U.S. Navy Forces, Southern Com-
mand, trained 12 personnel in main-
tenance and operation of small craft
in fiscal year 1962. In fiscal year
1963, 221 Guardia Nacional per-
sonnel received MAP-costed train-
ing. Thus far, some 900 personnel of
Panama have been trained at the
School of the Americas since 1949.
b. In addition to training pro-
vided under MAP, the U.S. Air
Forces, Southern Command, School
for Latin America, has trained Guar-
dia Nacional personnel on a non-
reimbursable, space available basis

Page 3


February 17, 1964

in such subjects as electrical radio
repair and operation, fundamental
communications, administration and
supply, and aircraft mechanics and
maintenance. Since 1953, 324 Pan-
amanians have received such train-
ing, with 52 of these graduating
during the current calendar year.
c. Training received at Canal
Zone military service schools has
added to the efficiency of operation
of the Guardia Nacional. The tech-
nical training received has also
added to the Republic's repository
of personnel skilled in numerous
technical fields.

Non-U.S. citizen civilian em-
ployees of the U.S. military com-
ponent commands in the Canal Zone
have received substantial training
through the years in a variety of
technical, supervisory and manage-
ment skills required by the diversi-
fied functions of the command.
English language instruction has
also been given. A total of 1,953
persons received training under
this program in fiscal year 1963,
materially improving their earning
capability and job competency.

Tangible monetary benefits to the
Republic of Panama, resulting from
the presence of U.S. citizens in the
Canal Zone, have been uniquely
supplemented by highly successful
People-to-People programs con-
ducted by the U.S. military com-
munity. These programs cannot, and
should not, be measured in dollars
and cents. Their ultimate purpose
is to achieve a mutual understanding
of material, social, and cultural
environments of both countries.
The People-to-People programs
fall under the broad title of Military
Community Relations. Army, Navy,
and Air Force community relations
efforts in Panama can be summed
up through a prime example known
as "Operation Friendship." This
active program was conceived by the
U.S. Army Forces, Southern Com-
mand, in 1960 to meet an urgent
need for improved relationship
between the people of Panama and
those of the United States.
"Operation Friendship" activities
have touched virtually every facet
of life and activity in Panama. School
children have benefited through hot
lunch programs and school supplies;
military units have "adopted" entire
orphanages; local athletic programs
and facilities have been developed
through assistance by the military;
interchange athletic contests have
been held; local festival participation
has been encouraged. These "Opera-
tion Friendship" projects often
involve monetary contributions, but
more important are the contributions
of compassion, interest, knowl-
edge, labor, and enthusiasm by
Dependents of military personnel
have joined wholeheartedly in
the community relations programs.
Women's and youth groups have
given assistance to hospitals and
orphanages, including many hours
of volunteer service, and have par-
ticipated in joint social and athletic
activities with Panamanian groups.
Many of the community relations
projects have been successfully con-
summated through the combined
efforts of civic, religious and social
leaders of Panama working in con-
cert with members of the U.S. mili-
tary community. Each contributes
according to his means and abilities,
and in the achievement of a common
goal, increased understanding and
harmony between the United States
and Panama and the people of the
two republics has been realized.


The attached summary of prin-
cipal sources of external assistance
to Panama from fiscal year 1961-
1963 includes the major contributors
only. It should also be noted that
the amount of U.S. grant assistance
for development projects accounts
for only the U.S. contribution and
does not reflect the amounts con-
tributed by the Government of
The Alliance for Progress program
in Panama began in fiscal year 1961.
This is a joint effort between the

United States and Panama in both
financial support and practical im-
plementation. Although the Alliance
program was initiated in fiscal year
1961, U.S. technical assistance to
Panama dates back to World War II
and programs administered by the
Institute of Inter-American affairs.
Since World War II, there has been
a continuous program of technical
and economic assistance involving
both grants and loans.
U.S. economic assistance listed in
this report represents assistance to
Panama since fiscal year 1961.

(In millions of dollars)

U.S. loans --------------------------------
U.S. grants_ ----- --- ------------------------ --
Total ------ -----------------------------
Loans international lending institutions----------------
Total all assistance-------------------------

- $21.1

1. U.S. Loans (AID, EX-IM)

Fiscal year 1961:
AID-Feeder roads Nov. 10, 1960 ---------
AID-Budget support Nov. 30, 1960__-------
EX-IM-Tocumen Airport 1961---------------


Total__-----------------_----- ----
Fiscal year 1962:
AID-Low cost housing Feb. 9, 1962_-------------
EX-IM-Garbage collection equipment April 18, 1962__ -
EX-IM-Highway construction equipment June 1962 --
Total_ -------------- -------
Fiscal year 1963:
AID-Panama City water and sewer--------- ---

- 10.6



2. Loans-International Lending Institutions (IDB, IBRD)

Fiscal year 1961:
IBRD-Feeder roads ---- -- ------------ 7

Fiscal year 1962:
IDB-Low cost housing Aug. 22, 1961_-----------
TDB-APricultural credit Tan. 10. 1962----------------




IDB-Water and sewer (interior) June 14, 1962_ ------ 2.8
Subtotal_------------------- 13.3
Fiscal year 1963:
IBRD-Electrification, central provinces Sept. 14, 1962_ .--- 4.0
Total____---------------------- 24.5

3. Summary of loans by function (Since fiscal year 1961)

U.S. loans:
Road construction -------_----------- 6.9
Housing--------------------------- 2.5
Health-Water and sewer improvement, garbage equipment_- 6.4
Airport improvement ------------- -- --- .3
Budget support--- ---------------------- 5.0
Total ------------------------ 21.1
Loans-International lending institutions:
Road construction-------------------- ---- 7.2
Housing----------------------- 7.6
Agricultural credit -- ---- ------- ------ 2.9
Health -- ---- ----------------------------- 2.8
Electrification --------- ------------------------ 4.0
Total -- ------ ---- -------- $24.5

Trainees learn mechanics and principles of good maintenance in helping
care for road building equipment on an Alliance for Progress farm-to-market
road project in the interior of the Republic.


Y-M -Pi

K ,aa *I C- : - '
Above: El Centeno School in the interior of the Republic of Panama before
construction of a new school under the Alliance for Progress program.
A discarded truck wheel served as the school bell. Below: The new school,
with work nearly completed.

!VRfL- *

(In millions of dollars)
1. Fiscal year 1961:
Rural development-- --------------------------- $1.2
Description: Projects covered agriculture development, agrarian re-
form, rural cadastre and resources survey, and water resources and
power development.
Financial institutions and private enterprise development_ --- .2
Description: Projects covered industrial development institutions,
housing credit institution, self-help housing, and national economic
planning studies.
Human resources development-------------------------- 8
Description: Projects covered higher education, nursing education,
and advisory services for education, including University of
Non-goal activities-------------------- .2
Description: Projects covered public safety and program support.
Terminating activities -------------- ----- .5
Total fiscal year 1961 grants--------------------- 2.9
2. Fiscal year 1962:
Rural development ---------------- -- 9.2
Description: Projects cover agricultural development, agrarian reform,
farm-to-market road construction, aerial photo and mapping, self-
help schools, contract school construction, rural health facilities
construction, water resources and power development.
Financial institutions and private enterprise development _---- 1.0
Description: Projects cover private enterprise development, industrial
development institutions, self-help housing, mineral resources
survey, national economic planning.
Human resources development -------------------- .8
Description: Projects cover higher education, nursing education,
government management and administration, manpower training,
and advisory services for education including University of Panama.
Non-goal activities _____---------------------- .9
Description: Projects cover public safety, sewer design, program
support, hospital design, technical studies for electric power
Terminating activities --------- ---- .5
Total fiscal year 1962 grants------------------------- 12.4
3. Fiscal year 1963:
Rural development -- ------------------ 1.1
Description: Projects cover agrarian reform, farm-to-market road
construction, self-help schools, rural health facilities, and water
resources and power development.
Financial institutions and private enterprise development ---- .3
Description: Projects cover private enterprise development, housing
credit institution, self-help housing, and national economic planning
Human resources development ----- ---------------- .5
Description: Projects cover higher education, nursing education,
government management and administration, manpower training,
and advisory services for education including University of
Non-goal activities--------- ---- --------- .9
Description: Projects cover public safety, sewer design, and program
Terminating activities --- -- ------------------- .0
Total fiscal year 1963 grants ---- ---------- 2.8
4. Summary of grant assistance fiscal years 1961-63:
Rural development----------------------------- 11.5
Financial institutions and private enterprise---- --------- 1.5
Human resources development ----- --------- 2.1
Non-goal activities ____-- _ __---- ----------- 2.0
Terminating activities___ ____---------- ----- -- 1.0
Total grants--------- ---------------------- $18.1
NOTE-All grant figures represent obligations only. All loan figures repre-
sent the total authorized amount of the loan, not the drawdown or amount
SOURCES: U-203 Reports fiscal year 1961-fiscal year 1963. Implementa-
tion Approval Documents fiscal year 1961-63. AID Report W-224, "Status
of Loan Agreements." CPB fiscal year 1961-fiscal year 1963. USAID/P
Status of External Loans Report Sept. 30, 1963. AID S & R Div. Report,
"U.S. Foreign Assistance," July 1, 1945-June 30, 1962.
O This report includes only the major sources of economic assistance to Panama since
fiscal year 1961. It does not include assistance granted under programs sponsored by
the UN, OAS, Military Assistance Program, and Food for Peace, and therefore, should
not be construed as representing the total external assistance effort during the past
3 years.

Page 4



Un centro para ofrecer asesoramiento a j6venes desempleados de las
comunidades Latinoamericanas empezarA a funcionar desde el mi6rcoles 19
de los corrientes en el Centro Civico de Pedro Miguel.
El Ayudante de Relaciones entire las Comunidades, Sylvester D. Cal-
lender, y la sefiora Georgina C. de Young, quien estA a cargo del program
de Bienestar Social de la Zona del Canal, llevarAn la palabra durante la
ceremonia inaugural fijada para las 6 de la tarde. Tambien hablarAn Ellis
O T. Fawcett, supervisor de ensefianza de las Escuelas Latinoamericanas;
Kenneth Haughton, Presidente del Consejo Civico de Santa Cruz; y Daniel
Steward, miembro del Comit6 del Centro de Asesoramiento Juvenil.
El Reverendo C. 0. Morales, vicario de St. Alban, Paraiso, harA la invo-
caci6n religiosa y el Reverendo Vincent Loeffler, de la Misi6n de Santa
Maria, en Balboa, darA la bendici6n. El program musical estarA a cargo
de M. Callender, Maria Small y Errol Archibald.
El centro ha sido organizado con la ayuda de miembros de entidades
civicas, educacionales, obreras y fraternales de la Zona del Canal, con miras
a ayudar a j6venes entire los 14 y 21 aios, de ambos sexos, que estando sin
ocupaci6n, sean recomendados al Comite por las Escuelas Latinoamericanas.
El centro ofreceri datos sobre vacantes u oportunidades de empleo
abiertas tanto en la Repdblica de PanamA cuanto en la Zona del Canal y
prestari su ayuda en Ilenar los formularios correspondientes. Igualmente
asistirA con cursos de orientaci6n a los estudiantes que desearen ingresar
a la Universidad de PanamA u otros centros educativos de PanamAi.
Se proyectan, tambidn cursos de capacitaci6n para aquellos que se
propusieran conseguir colocaciones.
Los asesores son: Fawcett, Rev. Morales, Srta. Nidia Avila, Callender,
Srta. Mabel McFarquhar, dofia Teresa Bennett y sefiora de Young, quien
tambien actuarA como coordinadora del centro.

La Generosa Ayuda de Familias

Del PanCanal "Magnifica" Dice
La sefiora esposa del General L B
Theodore F. Bogart en carta dirigida La ra. Bo art
a dona Eleanor Fleming, esposa del
Cobernador de la Zona del Canal, magnifica y de inmenso valor.
expresa su reconocimiento por la ge- Mas aun, muchas personas desta-
nerosa ayuda prestada por families de caron el hecho de que muchos zonei-
empleados del Canal de PanamA du- tas dieron su mejor ropa de lana,
rante los recientes disturbios. Dice la abrigos que nunca llegaron a usar,
carta: sweaters, calzado y otros articulos
"A nombre de las esposas de en forma desprendida que sobre-
miembros del ej'rcito bajo el coman- pasa los limits normales de la
do de mi esposo, deseo extender mis generosidad.
gracias a ousted y a todas las families Satisface saber que los dependien-
del Canal de Panam, que dispensa- tes Ilegaron a los Estados Unidos
ron tan generosa ayuda a dependien- ataviados confortablemente en ropas
tes de miembros del ejircito que tu- apropiadas, en vez de con aspect de
vieron que ser evacuados de Panam obres asilaos
a la Zona del Canal durante los p aslados
recientes disturbios. Le agradeceria si pudiese hacer
Muchas voluntarias de nuestros circular esta notita de agradecimiento
clubes de esposas, asi como la sefiora para que fuese leida en cuantas reu-
Caldwell, director del Club de Ser- niones de organizaciones fuese posi-
vicios del Fuerte Clayton, me mani- ble, porque queremos que todos
festaron que la contribuci6n hecha quienes tengan nexos con el Pan-
por el PanCanal en tiempo, dinero, Canal sepan en cuanto agradecemos
esfuerzos, ropa y alojamiento fue su ayuda."



Vol. II, No. 35 Lunes 17 de febrero de 1964

Encontrard un infor-
me sobre beneficios que
deriva Panamd de la pre-
sencia en la Zona del
Canal de Fuerzas Arma-
das de Estados Unidos
asi como un bosquejo
de ayuda external a la

Abierto Observatorio

Astronomico a Todos
El Observatorio de la Zona del
Canal esta abierto ahora para los
visitantes los domingos y martes de
7 a 9 p.m. Cosas de interns que pue-
den ser vistas en el firmamento ves-
pertino son los planets J6piter y
Venus, y las principles constelacio-
nes de Ori6n, G6minis, y Can Mayor
son visible. Las mis evidentes son
las estrellas Canicula, tambien llama-
da Sirio, y AldebarAn. Canicula es la
estrella mAs brillante en los cielos. El
Program Espacial G6minis ha sido
bautizado en honor de la constela-
ci6n de las estrellas gemelas G6minis.
Las cuatro lunas de J6piter pueden
ser vistas.
El mejor tiempo para observer la
luna es cuando es nueva y creciente.
Estas y otras maravillas celestiales
serAn sefialadas y descritas por J. W.
Seaquist y B. J. Brown, maestros de
la Escuela Secundaria de Balboa.
El observatorio, que esti bajo los
auspicios de la Division de Escuelas,
permanecera abierta durante toda la
estaci6n seca.

,'(l/l /, ,' 1 '/i *1'' ' 'i m'hm ^m l Hl



Los murcil4agos y las bicicletas
continian siendo la pesadilla que
amenaza a los residents de la Zona
del Canal.
Recientemente se han hecho
Ilamados sobre el peligro que re-
presentan los vampires alados y los
desaforados ciclistas.
Anualmente se registra un aumen-
to en la incidencia de murci6lagos
infectados de rabia en la Zona del
Canal. La eliminaci6n de los moles-
tosos bichos no es factible debido
sobre todo a su gran nimero y
variedad de species, asi como a
los lugares que escogen como
La Division de Veterinaria de la
Direcci6n de Salubridad esta intere-
sada en obtener murci6lagos que se
hallen en cualquier centro poblado
y solicita que una vez se capture uno
se les llame al tel6fono 2-42-63.

Se ruega a los padres de familiar
advertir a sus hijos que no deben
tocar murci6lagos ni animalejos pa-
recidos a "pequefias aves o ranitas."
A los adults que procuren captu-
rar un murciblago se les advierte que
deben emplear alguna herramienta,
(pala o algo parecido) para no expo-
nerse a ser mordidos. El bioho debe
de ser colocado dentro de un frasco
con tapa y entregado al laboratorio
pdblico de veterinarian.
Por otro lado se llama la atenci6n
de los ciclistas al hecho de que las
aceras no son pistas de regata ya que
ello pone en peligro la seguridad de
los viandantes y viola la ley que defi-
ne a la bicicleta como un vehiculo.
La cooperaci6n de padres de familiar
y de los nifios es necesaria para
mantener a los ciclistas fuera de
las aceras.

Triunf El Campeonato intercolegial de softball femenino fue ganado por el"equipo
S ide la Escuela Secundaria de Paraiso, que triunf6 en su series contra la novena
Paralso! de la Escuela Secundaria de Rainbow City por cuatro juegos a dos.

SiR El equipo de la Escuela Secundaria de Rainbow City conquist6 el campeo-
Rainbow nato intercolegial de beisbol, bajo la direcci6n del professor Col6n Guardia,
ftambien! al batir a la novena de la Escuela Secundaria de Paraiso por cuatro juegos
tambie'n.F a dos.



Tres PrActicos del Canal que em-
pefiaron sus esfuerzos en idear el afio
pasado mejoras en sus operaciones en
el Canal de PanamA recibieron cada
uno un reloj de oro, un cheque por
$333.33 y un Certificado por Suges-
ti6n Premiada, asi como las felicita-
ciones personales del Gobernador de
la Zona del Canal, Robert J. Fleming,
Jr. La ceremonia de entrega de los
premios se verific6 en el Edificio de
Administraci6n de Balboa Heights, el
viernes 7 de febrero siendo los pre-
miados los capitanes Walter A. Rein-
heimer, Irving G. Hay y Robin L.
Los 3 capitanes sugirieron anegar
las cAmaras de las esclusas detrAs
de los barcos de extraordinario calado
para darles asi un impulse hidrAulico
que los ayudase a salir mAs expedi-
tamente tanto de las esclusas de
Gatin cuanto de las de Pedro Miguel.
La sugesti6n prob6 ser valiosa y prAc-
tica, habi6ndose adoptado el sistema
que viene a ser un nuevo jal6n en el
dificil manejo de naves en el Canal.
El decano de los tres PrActicos lo
es el Capitan Hay, quien sirve a la
organizaci6n canalera desde el 17 de
febrero de 1936, cuando fungia de
maquinista operator en dragas. En
enero de 1939 se le ascendi6 a capi-
tin de remolcador y el 15 de enero
de 1945 se le ascendi6 a PrActico en
adiestramiento, concedidndosele la
provisionalidad como prActico en
abril de 1945 y el titulo PrActico el
15 de abril de 1946.
El Capitan Erixon inici6 su adies-
tramiento como PrActico del Canal
el 14 de abril de 1952, entrando en
el period de pruebas el 12 de octu-
bre de ese afio y recibi6ndose como
PrActico el 11 de octubre de 1953.
El CapitAn Reinheimer recibi6 su
comisi6n para comandar un remol-
cador el 15 de noviembre de 1957;
el 23 de febrero de 1958 inici6 su

adiestramiento para PrActico del
Canal y empez6 su period proba-
torio el 24 de agosto de ese mismo
afio para recibirse como PrActico al
ano siguiente.
El premio de un reloj de oro para
la mejor sugesti6n forma parte del
Program de Premios por Incentiva
desde 1957. Un reloj de oro ha sido
entregado anualmente para la mejor
sugesti6n hasta el afio 1962, cuando
tres funcionarios recibieron ese pre-
mia; este afio se repite el caso.

Igual Protecci6n
Auque Todavia no
Reajustan Primas
Muchos empleados enrolados en
los planes de seguro colectivo han
observado que las primas que se le
deducen no han quedado afectadas
por los recientes aumentos de salario.
Esto ha podido inducir a algunos a
pensar que los beneficios que cu-
bren sus p6lizas podrian haber sido
El reajuste en las primas estA atra-
sado por algunas semanas. Esto se
debe a que el grupo azegurador,
United de Omaha, ha estado suma-
mente atareado instalando nuevas
oficinas ya que las que ocupaban asi
como sus archives fueron destruidos
por las llamas durante los recientes
disturbios. Pero ya pronto se harin
los reajustes necesarios en las primas.
La Junta del Seguro Colectivo ha
recibido seguridades de que todo re-
clamo serA cubierto tal cual si ya se
hubiese implantado el reajuste de
primas. Toda prima que no hubiese
sido cubierta enteramente, sencilla-
mente serA descontada de lo que
correspond al tiempo de pagarse el
reclamo respective.


Qa~e~C:r-: ~


Febrero 17, 1964

Alumnos de la Escuela Primaria de Pedro Miguel bailan el clAsico tamborito
panameno, en un numero a cargo de la profesora Thelma Osoro, durante
la celebraci6n de la Semana de Educaci6n Fisica en las Escuelas Latino-
americanas de la Zona del Canal.



Si usted tiene mds de 12 aiios
de edad consid6rese crecidito. Por
lo menos, lo suficientemente cre-
cido para pagar precious de adul-
tos en los cinemat6grafos despues
del l9 de marzo. Los precious de
admisi6n de los nifios serdn apli-
cados a todas las personas de 6
a 12 aiios. Ahora es de 6 a 14.
Los miembros de la Asociacidn
de Estudiantes, no importa cudl
fuere su edad, han estado gozan-
do las peliculas por 300. Este pri-
vilegio especial ha sido revocado.
No se ha registrado cambio al-
guno en el precio de admisi6n
para nifios menores de 6 afios de
edad. Los pdrvulos son admitidos
gratis cuando van acompaniados
por una persona responsible que
pague admisi6n de adulto.
Estos cambios que afectan los
precious de admisi6n a los teatros
se aplican a todos los teatros en
la Zona del Canal.

En el Aniversario

De Washington
El aniversario del cumpleafios de
Washington el 22 de febrero caerA
en sabado este afio. Por consiguiente,
todos los almacenes del Canal de
Panama permanecerAn cerrados ese
Para que ninguna comunidad
quede sin servicios de alimentos du-
rante 3 dias consecutivos, las seccio-
nes de alimentos iunicamente de los
almacenes de Balboa, Coco Solo,
Rainbow City y Gatin, que cierran
normalmente los lunes, abririn para
conveniencia de sus clients el 24
de febrero.
El Centro de Servicios Comunales
de Diablo Heights no cerrarA el sA-
bado 22 de febrero.

Cerrado Cruce
El tramo de Jadwin Road cerca
de High Street, en Gatuin, perma-
necerd cerrado al trdnsito del
martes 18 al jueves 20 de este mes
mientras se levan a cabo repara-
ciones en el cruce del tren. Para
ayuda del motorist se colocardn
letreros relatives a los desvios.

Rol de los Ingenieros en Progreso

Historico Destacado en Proclama

Proclamaci6n del Gobernador de
la Zona del Canal, Robert J. Flem-
ing, Jr., ha declarado a la semana
comprendida entire el 16 y el 22 de
febrero como Semana Nacional del
Ingeniero y al jueves 20 de febrero
como Dia del Arquitecto e Ingeniero,
invitando, a la vez, a todos los resi-
dentes de la Zona del Canal a rendir
tribute a esos profesionales cuyo
cerebro y esfuerzos tanto han con-
tribuido al advance del progress como
es fAcil observarlo diariamente en
la 6poca contemporAnea.
El Gobernador Fleming hace re-
saltar el hecho de que el Canal de
Panama, una de las maravillas de
ingenieria del mundo, es un ejemplo
de la contribuci6n hecha a nuestro
sistema de vida por la aplicaci6n
prActica de los conocimientos del
hombre sobre la ciencia de la
La Semana Nacional del Ingeniero
es celebrada anualmente bajo los
auspicios de la Sociedad Nacional de
Ingenieros Profesionales para fami-
liarizar al p6blico con hechos sobre
esa discipline y el papel que desem-
pefia en el bienestar national. Se

unen a esa celebraci6n la Sociedad
de Ingenieros Profesionales de la
Zona el Canal, el capitulo de Pa-
namA de la Sociedad Americana de
Ingenieros Civiles, el capitulo de la
Zona del Canal de la Sociedad Ame-
ricana de Ingenieros Militares y los
Arquitectos de la Zona del Canal.

Trasladan a Margarita

Estenografia y Espafiol

De YMCA de Crist6bal

El YMCA de Crist6bal ha anun-
ciado que los cursos de castellano y
de estenografia han sido trasladados
al anexo de la Iglesia Uni6n de Mar-
garita, situado junto al club de esa
Las classes se dictan los lunes y
jueves de 7 a 9 de la noche. Se han
abierto las matriculas para los cuatro
grades de castellano y la estenogra-
fia elemental. Para mayores informes
Ilamar al tel6fono Crist6bal 2163.

Se Celebrara el Mes de

La Historia Americana
En febrero se celebra el mes de
la Historia Americana a trav6s de
un program de las Hijas de la
Revoluci6n Americana y el Capi-
tulo del Canal de PanamA de esa
agrupaci6n. El objetivo es esti-
mular un mayor interns en la
historic americana.
Al llamar la atenci6n sobre la
celebraci6n, el Gobernador de la
Zona del Canal, Robert J. Flem-
ing, Jr., hizo notar que el mes en
que nacieron los Presidentes
Washington y Lincoln es un pe-
riodo ideal para poner especial
6nfasis en los m6ritos y herencias
legados a las siguientes genera-
ciones por los grandes lideres de
la Naci6n.
El Gobernador Fleming ha so-
licitado a las escuelas, iglesias,
clubes, grupos civicos y particu-
lares en la Zona del Canal que
presten una ayuda efectiva a la

U. de la Zona del Canal

Proyecta nn Espectacnul
El sabado 29 de los corrientes se
montarA en escena, en el auditorio
de la Universidad de la Zona del
Canal, un espectaculo que se espera
merezca la misma exitosa aco-
gida que el p6blico dispense a
El program se realize bajo los
auspicios combinados de la Asocia-
ci6n de Estudiantes de la Universi-
dad de la Zona del Canal y el grupo
teatral Delta Psi Omega.
Jack Dubro actuarA como maestro
de ceremonies en el espectAculo que
durarA unas 3 horas y contarA con
un elenco de unas 40 personas, inclu-
yendo cantantes, m6sicos, bailarines,
y c6micos.
El program y valor de los bole-
tos de admisi6n serAn ofrecidos en
pr6xima entrega del SPILLWAY.

Hablari Mafiana el
Jefe de Ortopedia
El Dr. C. W. Mets, Jr., jefe del
Servicio Ortop6dico del Hospital
Gorgas, hablarA sobre "Trata-
miento en Fractura de la Tibia,"
el martes en la noche durante la
reuni6n de la Asociaci6n M6dica
Istmefia de la Zona del Canal.
La sesi6n, que serA la 687a de
la asociaci6n, empezara a las 7 de
la noche en el sal6n de conferen-
cias del Hospital Gorgas. Se ser-
virA un buffet antes de la sesi6n.

No, no era La Noche

De la Iguana. iQue va!
No, no era La Noche de la Iguana,
decididamente. De eso podria dar
testimonio ese resabio de prehist6-
ricas criaturas arrolladas por un veloz
carro-cazador indiferente y brutal-
que dej6 a su victim abandonada
sobre el camino a Gamboa.
Hasta que apareci6 otro automo-
vilista, mas list 6ste o, quizas, con
mayor apreciaci6n de la sabrosa
care de iguana. El caso es que
detuvo la march, baj6 del coche de
rezong6n motor y ech6 al animalejo
hacia la vera del camino. Luego
sigui6 su march.
A cuanta persona encontraba le
gritaba: "iIguana . Iguana gra-
tis mas adelantel' y hacia sefas
agitando los brazos.
jNo! No era La Noche de la
Iguana. Lo fue del comedor de igua-
na que recogi6 la presa tirada en el
camino y la transport, con carifio y
gula, a la olla para luego darse su
atrac6n de iguana adobada.

En Su Pantalla

Lunes 17 -----_ Mister Roberts The Absent-Minded Professor Donovan's Reef
Martes 18 Three Moves To Freedom and Teenage Doll and Armored Payroll and Dangerous Exile
Windom's Way Command
Mi6rcoles 19 -- Teenage Doll and Armored Three Moves To Freedom and Paranoiac and The Perfect
Command Windom's Way Furlough
Jueves 20_-- Go For Broke and All The The Wings Of Eagles The Men
Brothers Were Valiant
Viernes 21 ---- The Absent-Minded Professor Go For Broke and All The The Men
Brothers Were Valiant
Owl Show 10:30 p.m. Owl Show 10:30 p.m. Owl Show 10:30 p.m.
Mark Of The Renegade Rogues Regiment Flight Nurse and Case Of The
Bogus Count
SAbado 22 ___- Dondi Pied Piper Of Hamelin A Ticklish Affair
Domingo 23 --___ The Mark Mister Roberts The Absent-Minded Professor

Descuentos en Boletos Para la Feria Mundial

Empleados del Canal de PanamA
que viajen a la Feria de Nueva York
este verano podrian beneficiarse gra-
cias a que la Direcci6n de Personal
tuvo la previsi6n de realizar arreglos
con miras a la obtenci6n de boletos
de admisi6n a la feria a precious redu-
cidos. El descuento especial de un
tercio del valor es efectivo hasta fines
del mes de febrero de modo que los
boletos tendrian que ser obtenidos
aqui ahora.
Quienes tuvieren inter6s en apro-

12:00-Peleas que hicieron historic
12:30-Show del Mediodia
1:30-Tarde de Toros
2:00-Cine en su casa
4:30-Fiesta de Estrellitas
4:45-Carnaval de Cartones
6:30-Jitazo Royal
7:00-Estreno Sorpresivo
7:30-Las Estrellas y su Historia
8:00-Ciudad Desnuda
9:00-El Vagabundo
9:30-Los Expertos Contestan
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-Dick Tracy
8:00-Ajedrez Fatal
9:00-Foro de Opini6n
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
7:00-Roy Rogers
8:00-Fred Astaire Presenta
9:00-Imperio del Oeste
12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Muier
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-Dibujos Animados
6: 30-Noticias
7:00-Buggs Bunny
7:30-Blanquita Amaro
8:00-Surf Side 6
9:00-Los Trabajadores
9:30-Nick Charles

12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
l:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Mujer
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
7:00--Extraio Mundo del Pantano
7:30-Show Internacional
8:30-La Hora Once
9:30-Peter Gunn

12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Tele Bingo
1:30-Cine Serie Semanal
2:15-Reportaies Mundiales
4:30-Carnaval de Cartones
5:00-Mundo de la Muier
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
6:00-El Cegato Magoo
7:00-El Hombre del Rifle
8:00-Boris Karloff
9:00-El Fabricante de Noticias
10:15-Sala de Proyecci6n

12:00-Carnaval de Cartones
12:45-Cine Serie Semanal
3:00-Viajando con Manolo Castillo
3:15-Reportajes Mundiales
4:00-Sarao de Tevedos
5:00-Mundo de la Muier
5:45-Fiesta de Estrellitas
8:00-Ben Casey
9:00-Sam Benedict

vecharse de ese descuento deben de
comunicarse con el despacho del Di-
rector Altemo, cuarto 243-A, en el
Edificio de Administraci6n, lamando
al tel6fono 2-2625 y preguntando por
la sefiora Kay Tanassy.
Los boletos de $2 se expenderAn a
$1.35 y los de $1 (para menores)
a solo 673 centavos.
Las 6rdenes deben de hacerse
antes del 29 de febrero, remitiendose
adjunto el dinero. Los boletos serAn
entregados una vez se haga la remesa
a Nueva York y se envien al Istmo.

10:00-Todo por la Patria
10:30-Inspector Leclere
11:00-Silvese quien pueda
11:30-Hazafias del Espacio
12:00-La Comedia Silente
12:30-Cita Informal
1:30-Repriss: Novela Semanal
3:30-Repriss: Novela Juvenil
5:30-Festival de Cartones
8:00-Solo los Valientes

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Yo quiero a Lucy
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novels Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-La Ley del Rev6lver
7:30-Aventuras de Rin Tin Tin
8:00-Kraft Musical
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Los Intocables
10:30-Teatro Franc6s
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Doctor CAndido Ptrez
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
6:30-E1 Pijaro Loco
7:30-Estudio Pepsi
8:00-La Hora Continental
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Los Defensores
10:30-La Cuerda Floja
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Randall el Justiciero
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55--Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-La Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
7:30-Sir Francis Drake
8:00-C6micos y Canciones
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Dr. Kildare
10:30-Cita con la Muerte
11:00-El Mundo al Vuelo

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Pete y Gladys
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
7:30-El Hombre Invisible
8:00-La Hora de Orange Crush
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-Dick Powell
11:00-E1 Mundo al Vuelo

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Viendo a Biondi
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Novela semanal
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Novela de las 5
5:30-La Novela Juvenil
6:00-Serie de Aventuras
7:30-Bat Masterson
8:00-Las Estrellas y Usted
9:00-Novela de las 9
9:30-E1 Santo
11:30-E1 Mundo al Vuelo

11:30-Titeres y C6micas
12:25-Rev6lver a la Orden
12:51-Carrousel Hipico y Deportivo
12:55-Informativo del Mediodia
1:15-Mi Carretilla y Yo
2:00--epriss: Novela de las 5
4:00-Informe Cientifico
Panorama Panamericano
4:30-La cocina en TV
5:00-Club Infantil Televito
6:00--Serie de Aventuras
6:30-Investigador Submarino
8:30-Perry Mason
9:30-Dimensi6n Desconocida
10:00-El Mundo al Vuelo

Pagina 2


Febrero 17, 1964





De la Presencia de Fuerzas Militares de

los EE. UU. en la Zona del Canal

La presencia de las fuerzas mili-
tares norteamericanas acantonadas
en la Zona del Canal ha beneficiado
a la Repiblica de PanamA en el cam-
po econ6mico, social, cultural, de
salud y de progress cientifico.
Esos beneficios incluyen aspects
tangibles como el empleo de mAs de
4,000 ciudadanos no-estadounidenses
quienes devengan al afio salaries en
exceso de $13 millones, asi como en
compras realizadas por agencies o
personal de las Fuerzas Armadas que
suben a mAs de $19 millones anuales.
Menos tangible, pero con similar
importancia, son las contribuciones
que dimanan de la ayuda prestada
en evacuar por la via area, a perso-
nas enfermas o accidentadas en areas
remotas o de dificil acceso en la Re-
p6blica; la donaci6n de sangre a los
hospitals panameios y los servicios
de salubridad en various puntos apar-
tados de PanamA. Este sumario bos-
queja el alcance e importancia que
representan, para el progress y bie-
nestar de la Repiblica de PanamA,
las Fuerzas Armadas acantonadas en
la Zona del Canal.
a. Quedan incluidos en los totales
recopilados las adquisiciones y con-
tratos adjudicados por las Fuerzas
Armadas de la Zona del Canal, datos
sometidos a la Embajada de los Esta-
dos Unidos de Am6rica en Panama.
En breve, los components del Co-
mando del Sur de los Estados Unidos
hicieron un total de compras en el
pais con fondos del Estado Norteame-
ricano por la suma de $10,369,554
(diez millones trescientos sesenta y
nueve mil quinientos cincuenta y
Scuatro d6lares) en el afio de 1962.
b. Prestan servicios en las Fuerzas
Armadas en la Zona del Canal 4,882
empleados que no son estadouniden-
ses. Este personal que consiste de
ciudadanos o residents de la Repu-
blica de Panama devengan entire
todos un salario global annual que

todos un salario globla annual cue
asciende a $13,163,920 (trece milo-
nes ciento sesentitres mil novecien-
tos veinte d6lares).
c. AdemAs de las referidas adqui-
siciones efectuadas con fondos del
Estado Norteamericano, el personal
military y civil de las Fuerzas Armadas
y sus families gastan en concept de
compras personales de articulos y
mercancias, expansion recreativa y
servicios, la suma calculada en
$8,000,000 (ocho millones) anuales.
d. Disposici6n de Propiedad Mili-
tar Excedente de los Estados Unidos.
(1) Durante el Afio Fiscal de 1963,
el Comando del Sur de los Estados
Unidos proporcion6 a la Guardia Na-
cional equipo avaluado en $35,000
(treinticinco mil) por el precio nomi-
nal de $3,500 (el 10% del verdadero
valor). De haber los Estados Unidos
vendido el mencionado equipo al
precio regular del mismo, el Gobier-
no hubiese realizado unos $9,000
como product de su venta. (2) De
las ventas hechas al comercio de la
Republica de PanamA mediante la
oficina de la Disposici6n de Propie-
dades, el fisco national de la Repu-
blica registry ganancias netas de unos
$15,000 (quince mil) en impuestos
de introducci6n pagados al tesoro
national por los compradores al
introducir dicha mercancia en la
a. El dia 19 de abril de 1963 se
di6 por terminada la instalaci6n de
un cable de comunicaci6n commercial
)desde la Zona del Canal a los Estados
Unidos pasando por Jamaica, trabajo
que realize la empresa de comunica-
clones "American Cable and Radio."
Este medio de comunicaci6n que
cuenta con 128 canales de transmi-
si6n vocal o por teletipo, fue cons-
truido principalmente en vista de los
requerimientos militares. Si las fuer-
zas armadas de los Estados Unidos
de Am6rica no estuviesen acantona-


El Servicio Geod6sico Interamericano, dependencia del Comando Sur del
Ejircito de Estados Unidos con sede en la Zona del Canal, ha hecho mapas
de como una cuarta part de la geografia panameiia desde 1946. Esa carto-
grafia, que ha contribuido al desarrollo del pais, se realize mediante acuerdo
mutuo entire la Rep6blica de PanamA y Estados Unidos. Las operaciones
requieren cuadrillas experimentadas como la que aparece aqui con
instruments de precision para su oficio.

Un panameiio victim de accident, quien fue evacuado de Taboga en un
helic6ptero del Servicio de Rescate de la Fuerza A6rea norteamericana y
traido a la Zona del Canal, es transferido a transport que lo IlevarA al Hos-
pital Santo TomAs en PanamA. Las fuerzas militares estadounidenses efec-
tuaron 119 vuelos de salvamento aire-al mar y misiones de evacuaci6n de
emergencia en 1963 en la RepAblica de PanamA, comparadas con 73
misiones en 1962.

das en la Zona del Canal, la construc-
ci6n de esa facilidad como empresa
commercial en esta 6poca no hubiese
sido factible. En la actualidad los
servicios de comunicaciones ante la
instalaci6n de ese cable estAn a dis-
posici6n de la Repiblica de PanamA
y se proporciona por esa via un servi-
cio de comunicaciones eficaz con los
Estados Unidos.
b. Las Fuerzas de la Marina de
Guerra de los Estados Unidos acanto-
nadas en la Zona del Canal hasta el
present han provisto magnificas
facilidades de comunicaciones (tele-
tipo) para comunicaciones de carAc-
ter official del Gobierno de la Repl-
blica de PanamA dirigidas a los
Estados Unidos. Mensualmente se
transmiten ciento diez mensajes para
Washington y procedentes de esa
capital. Este servicio elimina la nece-
sidad de que la Republica de Pana-
mi tenga que proporcionar seme-
jantes facilidades de comunicaciones,
o tenga que adjudicar contratos
comercialmente con ese fin.
c. La Marina de Guerra de los
Estados Unidos proporciona comu-
nicaciones maritimas para naves co-
merciales en los mares pr6ximos a la
Repliblica de PanamA. Este servicio
encamina los mensajes a radiotrans-
misoras comerciales de donde son
transmitidos de nuevo a su destino
final a cualquier part del mundo.
Los cargos por la retransmisi6n al
destino final los paga el remitente.
Mediante este servicio, la Repulblica
de PanamA queda exonerada del gas-
to que supone mantener comunica-
ciones maritimas. La Marina de
Guerra norteamericana da curso
mensualmente a unos 4,7000 men-
sajes de barcos de alta mar.
d. Las Fuerzas Armadas de los
Estados Unidos gastan unos $200,000
anualmente para mantener en buenas
condiciones la carretera Boyd-
Roosevelt, la principal via transist-
mica. Esta carretera fue construida
por el Gobierno de los Estados Uni-
dos y ha sido cedida a la Repiblica
de Panama. A cambio de los traba-
jos de mantenimiento de la carretera
por parte de las Fuerzas Armadas de
los Estados Unidos, los militares tie-
nen derecho al uso de todas las carre-
teras de la Repiblica sin tener que
pagar por el uso de las mismas.
e. La ins'secci6n y asesoramiento
proporcionacos por los veterinarios
militares del Ej6rcito de los Estados
Unidos a proveedores panamefios de
came, products lActeos, mariscos,
frutas y vegetables, asi como de otros
alimentos, han elevado los niveles de
la industrial panamefia al grado de
que sus products pueden contar con
el mercado de las fuerzas militares
acantonadas en la Zona del Canal.
Sin la ayuda por la veterinaria military
en muchos casos esos products hu-
biesen sido de calidac inferior, por
lo que las ventas principles de seme-
jantes articulos a la Zona del Canal
hubiesen sido afectadas.
a. Las fuerzas militares de la Zona
del Canal han efectuado 91 vuelos
de rescate por aire y por mar y han
llevado a cabo en el curso del afio
1963 misiones de evacuaci6n por aire
de casos gravemente urgentes en
territorio de la Repiblica de Panama.
En 1962 se completaron 73 misiones
semejantes. El cost de cada misi6n
es de aproximadamente $400. Pero

la ayuda principal prestada por las
entidades militares ha sido en dar
socorro, amparAndoles del sufrimien-
to y salvindoles la vida a numerosos
ciudadanos de PanamA.
b. Muchas de las misiones por aire
mencionadas han sido hacia regions
remotas e inaccesibles en territorio
de la Repulblica de PanamA para
sacar a personas gravemente enfer-
mas y transportarlas a lugares con
facilidades m6dicas dentro de las co-
munidades principles panamefias.
La Replblica no cuenta con organis-
mos a6reos ni marines para poder
brindar esa clase de atenci6n huma-
nitaria a su poblaci6n civil.
Las fuerzas militares de la Zona
del Canal se hallan prestas para dar
socorro en caso de cualquier catis-
trofe que pudiese ocurrir en la Repi-
blica de PanamA. En ejemplo de 6sto
puede citarse el catastr6fico incendio
ue ocurri6 en Garachin6, Repliblica
e PanamA, durante los dias 18 y 19
de junio de 1963, cuando unidades
de las fuerzas militaries acantonadas
en la Zona del Canal suministraron
por aire a las victims que quedaron
en el desamparo con motive del
voraz siniestro, diez grandes tiendas
de campaiia. Estas fueron lanzadas
desde aviones norteamericanos de
rescate a la malograda aldea.
a. El personal m6dico de las Fuer-
zas Armadas de los Estados Unidos
ha suministrado voluntariamente
atenci6n m6dica y dental a numero-
sas comunidades aisladas en la Repi-
blica de Panama. En muchos casos
estos servicios prestados han sido
casi el recurso inico m6dico con que
pudiesen contar los necesitados. Se
pueden citar las clinics m6dicas que
de forma continue funcionan en Rio
Hato y en la Isla de Taboga como
ejemplo de las prestaciones m6dicas
rendidas por las Fuerzas Armadas
norteamericanas a ciertos habitantes
de la Rep6blica de PanamA.
b. El personal military acantonado
en la Zona del Canal tambi6n ha
venido suministrando en forma con-
tinua y voluntaria donaciones de san-
gre para los hospitals de la Repli-
blica de PanamA. Dichas donaciones
han sido hechas tanto por el personal
military como civil de la Zona del
Canal, y por miembros de las tripu-
laciones de a bordo de barcos de
guerra de la Marina de los Estados
Unidos de paso por la Zona del Canal.
a. El servicio de Geod6sica Inter-
americana con sede en la Zona del
Canal desde 1946, ha trazado cartas
topograficas de aproximadamente el
25 por ciento del territorio de la Re-
plblica de PanamA y ha proporcio-
nado gratuitamente a la Replblica
mapas topogrAficos con escala de
1/50,000. Las laborers de cartografia
y topografia para la Repiblica de
PanamA se llevan a cabo seg6n acuer-
do convenido por los Estados Unidos
y dicha Rep6blica.
b. Aparte de salaries militares de-
vengados por 30 miembros del per-
sonal military completamente dedica-
dos a establecer cartas topograficas
suplementales y la clasificaci6n de las
operaciones topogrAficas de la Rep6-

blica de PanamA, el organismo geo-
d6sico fue ampliado con un fondo de
$130,000 en el Afio Fiscal de 1963
para levar a cabo el proyecto carto-
grafico a favor de la Rep6blica.
c. La Escuela CartogrAfica del
Servicio Geod6sico de la Zona del
Canal desde 1952 ha capacitado a
mAs de 100 panamefios en la ciencia
de la cartografia. Este personal pana-
mefio es un repositorio para la Rep6-
blica de t6cnicos con conocimientos
especializados en la cartografia.
d. En los gastos sostenidos por el
Servicio Geod6sico no se incluyen las
concesiones econ6micas provistas a
la Republica de Panama para opera-
clones cartogrificas por la Agencia
para el Desarrollo Internacional
(AID). La Repiblica de Panama se
ha valido de porciones de la conce-
si6n econ6mica provista por AID que
asciende a $1,000,000 (un million)
ara sufragar proyectos de topografia
de escala grande de (1/10,000) que
mantiene el Servicio de Geod6sica
a. Las fuerzas militares de los
Estados Unidos acantonadas en la
Zona del Canal tienen numerosas fa-
cilidades topogrAficas, cientificas y
t6cnicas en funci6n. Dichas facilida-
des proven a la Rep6blica de Pana-
mI con datos y asesoramiento, ya que
en muchos casos esa naci6n no cuenta
con el personal capacitado ni el equi-
po necesario para operaciones de esa
indole. Entre las mencionadas facili-
dades estan el Laboratorio de Estu-
dios Anticorrosivos de la Marina de
Guerra de los Estados Unidos y la
Oficina de Exposici6n a Elementos
Tropicales donde peri6dicamente se
Ilevan a cabo ensayos del efecto que
tienen los tr6picos sobre materials,
metales y petr6leo. Otra de esas faci-
lidades es la Oficina de Estudios
OceanogrAficos tambi6n de la Marina
de Guerra de los Estados Unidos
donde se hacen studios de las
areas, corrientes, y se preparan car-
tas de aguas regionales Los resulta-
dos de todas estas classes de studios
estan a la disposici6n de la Repiblica
de Panami.
b. Se proporciona a los arque6lo-
gos ue vienen al pais en misiones
oficiaes de investigaci6n transport
por mar para que puedan legar a
ciertos lugares en la Rep6blica de
Panama que de otro modo no serian
accesibles a estos cientificos.
a. Durante el Afio Fiscal de 1962,
se proporcion6 a 418 miembros de la
Guardia Nacional de PanamA adies-
tramiento especializado de acuerdo
con el Programa de Ayuda Militar.
Se llev6 a cabo este adiestramiento
principalmente en el Colegio Militar
de las Am6ricas del Comando del Sur
del Ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos.
La capacitaci6n consisti6 de cursos
en aptitudes y t6cnicas militares, ma-
teria t6cnica tal como el manteni-
miento de armas, vehiculos y equipo
para comunicaciones, procedimientos
de comunicaciones, y radiot6cnicas.
La Marina de Guerra del Comando
del Sur adiestr6 a 12 miembros del
personal panamefio en el manteni-
miento y funcionamiento de embar-
caciones pequefias durante el Afio
Fiscal de 1962. En el Afio Fiscal de
1963 un personal de 221 miembros
de la Guardia Nacional de PanamA
recibi6 adiestramiento pagado por el
Program de Ayuda Militar. Hasta
la fecha unos 900 miembros de la
Guardia Nacional han recibido capa-
citaci6n especializada en el Colegio
de las Am6ricas desde 1949.
b. AdemAs del adiestramiento pro-
porcionado de acuerdo con el Pro-
grama de Ayuda Militar, el Colegio
para Latinoam6rica de las Fuerzas
Areas estadounidenses del Comando
del Sur ha dado entrenamiento al
personal de la Guardia Nacional de
PanamA sin costo alguno para dicho

Publicaci6n official del Canal de Pana-
ma. Se autoriza la reproducci6n ya
fuere verbal o escrita de cualquier
cr6nica o noticia aqui aparecida, sin
necesidad de solicitud expresa.
Cobernador de la Zona del Canal
Jefe de la Oficina de Informacidn
La informaci6n que se deseare publicar
en el SPILLWAY debe ser enviada a la
oficina del Jefe de Prensa. Dirigir la
correspondencia a PANAMA CANAL
SPILLWAY, Apartado M, Balboa, Zona
del Canal.

Pagina 3


Febrero 17, 1964

personal, segin plazas existentes, en
material de la reparaci6n y funciona-
miento de radios el6ctricos, comuni-
caciones fundamentals, administra-
ci6n y abastos, y la mecanica y man-
tenimiento de aviones. Desde el afio
1953 dicho colegio ha capacitado a
324 panameios en las mencionadas
materials t6cnicas, y durante el pre-
sente afio 52 terminaran sus curses.
c. El adiestramiento recibido por
miembros de la Guardia Nacional en
las escuelas militares de la Zona del
Canal indudablemente ha contribui-
do hacia mayor eficiencia en la admi-
nistraci6n de dicha Guardia. La
capacitaci6n en material t6cnica reci-
bida por sus miembros tambi6n ha
aportado al repositorio de la Rep6bli-
ca-un personal diestro en numerosas
materials t6cnicas.
Los empleados civiles no estado-
unidenses al servicio de los comandos
militares de los Estados Unidos de
Am6rica en la Zona del Canal, han
venido recibiendo durante afios
adiestramiento sustancial en diversas
materials t6cnicas de administraci6n
y direcci6n de distintas funciones de
los comandos. Tambi6n se ha impar-
tido instrucci6n del idioma ingl6s.
Conforme a este program un total
de 1,953 panamefios fueron capaci-
tados en las distintas materials duran-
te el Afo Fiscal de 1963, adiestra-
miento que ha desarrollado en estos
empleados panamefios conocimientos
superiors que les ha facilitado ganar
mejores sueldos y superar su compe-
tencia en el trabajo.
Los grandiosamente exitosos pro-
gramas conocidos por Programas de
Persona a Persona efectuados por la
comunidad military estadounidense
zoneita, han suplementado singular-
mente a los beneficios monetarios
tangibles que recibe la Repuiblica de
PanamA con motive de la presencia
de ciudadanos norteamericanos en
dicha Zona del Canal. Estos progra-
mas no pueden ni deben ser medios
en t6rminos de d6lares y centavos
sino en el prop6sito que tienen que es
el de lograr una comprensi6n mutual
del ambiente material, social y
cultural de ambos paises.
Los programs de Persona a Per-
sona se supeditan al t6rmino exten-
sivo que comprenden las relaciones
Comunales Militares. Los esfuerzos
por llevar a cabo estas relaciones en
Panama de parte de las comunidades
del Ejercito, la Marina y Fuerza
Area pueden resumirse a traves del
ejemplo principal conocido por la
"Operaci6n Amistad." Este program
active fue concebido por las Fuerzas
del Ej6rcito estadounidense del Co-
mando del Sur en 1960 a fin de suplir
la necesidad urgente que habia de
robustecer las relaciones entire los
pueblos de Panama y los Estados
Las actividades que resultaron de
la "Operaci6n Amistad" alcanzaron
a casi todos los sectors de la vida de
PanamA. Los nifios escolares se bene-
ficiaron mediante los programs de
almuerzos calientes y donaciones de
ritiles escolares; las unidades milita-
res "adoptaron" orfelinatos enteros;
con ayuda military se emprendieron
programs locales atl6ticos y se desa-
rrollaron facilidades para los mismos;
se celebraron competencias con inter-
cambios atl6ticos; y se estimul6 la
participaci6n en festivales locales.
Los proyectos emanados de la "Ope-
raci6n Amistad" a menudo han su-
puesto aportes monetarios, pero de
mayor importancia a6n han sido los
aportes en forma de compasi6n, inte-
r6s prestado, conocimiento, trabajo
y el entusiasmo de los mismos
Las families del personal military
participaron de lleno en los progra-
mas de relaciones comunales. Grupos
de damas y j6venes brindaron su ayu-
da a hospitals y orfelinatos, asi como
muchas horas de su tiempo personal
en forma voluntaria para servir, y
participaron en actividades sociales
y atl6ticas en uni6n de grupos
Muchos de los proyectos de rela-
ciones comunales fueron llevados a
cabo con 6xito mediante los esfuer-
zos combinados de dirigentes civicos,
religiosos y sociales de Panama tra-
bajando en concerto con miembros
de las comunidades militares estado-
unidenses. Cada cual contribuy6 de
acuerdo con sus medios y su habili-
dad, y en el logro de una meta
comiin, sc hizo possible realizar mayor
comprension y armonia entire los
Estados Unidos y Panama y entire los
pueblos de las dos rep6blicas.


En el resume de principles fuen-
tes de ayuda extera a favor de Pa-
nami que comprende del Afio Fiscal
de 1961 al de 1963, solo se hace refe-
rencia a los colaboradores principa-
les. Se observara asimismo que la
cantidad de ayuda econ6mica conce-
dida para el desarrollo de proyectos
corresponde solamente a contribu-
ciones monetarias por los Estados
Unidos de Am6rica y no incluye las
sumas aportadas por el Gobierno de
la Repiblica de Panama.
La Alianza Para el Progreso de
Panama se inici6 en el Afio Fiscal
de 1961. Se trata de un esfuerzo
comfin entire los Estados Unidos y
Panama tanto en lo referente al sos-
tenimiento econ6mico de la naci6n
panamefia como en la implantaci6n

practice de esa ayuda econ6mica.
Por mas que el program de la Alian-
za Para el Progreso fue iniciado en
el Aio Fiscal de 1961, la ayuda tec-
nica brindada por los Estados Unidos
de Am6rica a Panama data de la 6po-
ca de la II Guerra Mundial, y de los
programs administrados por el Ins-
titute de Asuntos Interamericanos.
Desde la II Guerra Mundial se ha
venido levando a cabo en forma
continue un program de ayuda t6c-
nica y econ6mica que comprende
tanto la concesi6n de fondos donados
como empr6stitos.
La lista de ayuda econ6mica brin-
dada a Panama por los Estados Uni-
dos de Am6rica que aparece en este
informed represent ayuda a Panama
desde el Afio Fiscal de 1961.

(En millones de d6lares)

Empr6stitos de los Estados Unidos
Donativos de los Estados Unidos_
Empr6stitos de Instituciones Interna
Total de toda la ayuda___

s- __---____ $21.1
S 18.1
icionales de Pr6stamos____ 24.5
-- --- 63.7

1. Empr6stitos de Estados Unidos (AID, EX-IM)
Afio Fiscal de 1961:
AID-Carreteras de penetraci6n Nov. 10, 1960__----------- 5
AID-Sost6n econ6mico del presupuesto national Nov. 30, 1960_ 5
EX-IM-Aeropuerto de Tocumen 1961_____--------__ 0
Total--------- ----------------- 10
Afo Fiscal de 1962:
AID-Viviendas a bajo costo Feb. 9, 1962 ____-----__ ---- 2
EX-IM-Equipo de recolecci6n de basura Abril 18, 1962_____
EX-IM-Equipo de construcci6n de carreteras Junio de 1962___ 1
Total-------------- 4
Afo Fiscal de 1963:
AID-Acueducto y alcantarillado de la ciudad de Panama---- 6
Total_______---------------____- ----- 21

2. Empr6stitos-Instituciones Internacionales de Pr6stamos

Afo Fiscal de 1961:
IBRD-Carreteras de penetraci6n
Afo Fiscal de 1962:
IDB-Viviendas a bajo costo Agosto 22, 1961----_ ___--
IDB-Cr6ditos agricolas Enero 10, 1962_ -----
IDB-Acueductos y alcantarillado (Interior) Junio 14, 1962 --
Sub-Total ---____----------
Afio Fiscal de 1963:
IBRD-Electrificaci6n de las Provincias centrales Sept. 14, 1962_





3. Resumen de los Empr6stitos Segin su Funci6n
(Desde el Afio Fiscal 1961)
Empr6stitos de los Estados Unidos:
Construcci6n de carreteras_--------- -------------
Viviendas------------------------ ---------
Salubridad-Mejoras al acueducto y alcantarillado, equipo de
recolecci6n de basura__---- ---------------
Mejoras al aeropuerto_- _-______-________--_- -__
Sost6n econ6mico del presupuesto nacional_-- -------- -
Total--- ---------------------------------

Empr6stitos-Instituciones interacionales de pr6stamos:
Construcci6n de carreteras___-------- --
Viviendas----------------- -------
Cr6ditos agricolas______------__ __----__ _
Salubridad_-- _-- -----
Electrificaci6n______________-- ___________ ---
Total ------- ---- --

-- 7.6



Los estudiantes aprenden mecanica y los principios del buen mantenimiento
del equipo de construcci6n de caminos bajo el program de caminos de
penetraci6n auspiciado por la Alianza Para el Progreso en el interior de
la Repiblica.


,4. ..,- -

Arriba: Una rueda de cami6n hacia las veces de campana en la antigua
escuela de Centeno antes de que la Alianza Para el Progreso edificase el
nuevo plantel. Abajo: La nueva escuela ya casi terminada.

POW 7#077' W#-

kr* i 0

(En millones de d6lares)
1. Afio Fiscal de 1961:
Desarrollo rural__ ------------------- ------------ $1.2
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcaban desarrollo agricola, reforms
agrarias, catastro y recursos rurales, y desarrollo de energia el6ctrica
y recursos hidraulicos.
Desarrollo de empresas particulares e instituciones econ6micas_ .2
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcaban instituciones de desarrollo in-
dustrial, instituci6n de cr6ditos para viviendas, viviendas por ayuda
mutua y studios de planificacion de la economic national.
Desarrollo de recursos humans ---------------- .8
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcaban educaci6n avanzada, adiestra-
miento en enfermeria, y servicios de consultas sobre educaci6n,
incluyendo la Universidad de Panama.
Actividades sin meta especifica ------- -.2
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcaban seguridad pSblica y sost6n
econ6mico de los programs nacionales.
Actividades de terminaci6n_________--------------- .5
Total de donaciones-Aiio Fiscal de 1961--- __ _------ 2.9
2. Afio Fiscal de 1962:
Desarrollo Rural ---------- -- ---------------- 9.2
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcan desarrollo rural, reforms agrarias,
construcci6n de carreteras de las fincas a los mercados, fotografia
area y cartografia, escuelas de ayuda mutua, construcci6n de
escuelas por contrato, construcci6n de facilidades para salubridad
rural y desarrollo de energia el6ctrica y recursos hidraulicos.
Desarrollo de empresas particulares e instituciones econ6micas_ 1.0
Descripci6n: Los proyectos incluian el desarrollo de empress particu-
lares, desarrollo industrial, instituciones (varias), viviendas por
ayuda mutua, studios de los recursos minerales, y planificaci6n de
la economic national.
Desarrollo de los recursos humans __-- ---- .8
Descripci6n: Los proyectos incluyen educaci6n avanzada, adiestra-
miento en enfermeria, gerencia y administraci6n gubernamental,
adiestramiento del personal trabajador y servicios de consult sobre
educaci6n, incluyendo la Universidad de Panama.
Actividades sin meta especifica_ _______---------- .9
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcan seguridad public, disefios para el
alcantarillado, sosten econ6mico de los programs nacionales, dise-
ios para el hospital, y studios t6cnicos para desarrollo de energia
Actividades de terminaci6n__------- --- ----- .5
Total de donaciones-Aiio Fiscal de 1962-________ __- 12.4
3. Afio Fiscal de 1963:
Desarrollo rural --------- ---------------- 1.1
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcan reforms agrarias, construcci6n de
carreteras de las fincas a los mercados, escuelas de ayuda mutua,
construcci6n de facilidades para salubridad rural y desarrollo de
energia el6ctrica y recursos hidraulicos.
Desarrollo de empress particulars e instituciones econ6micas_ .3
Descripci6n: Los poyectos abarcan desarrollo de empress particu-
lares, instituciones de cr6dito para viviendas, viviendas por ayuda
mutual, y planificaci6n de la economic national.
Desarrollo de los recursos humans _------------- ---- .5
Descripci6n: Los proyectos incluyen educaci6n avanzada, adiestra-
miento en enfermeria, gerencia y administraci6n gubernamental,
adiestramiento del personal trabajador y servicios de consult sobre
educaci6n, incluyendo la Universidad de Panama.
Actividades sin meta especifica ----- __- .9
Descripci6n: Los proyectos abarcan seguridad puiblica, disefios para
alcantarillado, y sosten econ6mico de los programs nacionales.
Actividades de terminaci6n--------- .0
Total de donaciones-Afio Fiscal de 1963 ---- -- 2.8
4. Resumen de ayuda mediante donativos Afios Fiscales 1961 al
Desarrollo rural __--_ ------_ -- 11.5
Desarrollo de empresas particulares e instituciones econ6micas_ 1.5
Desarrollo de recursos humans -_______ 2.1
Actividades sin meta especifica ----- _-- -_ -- 2.0
Actividades de terminaci6n--------------- 1.0
Total de donaciones ------------- $18.1
NOTA: Las cifras de los donativos representan solo las obligaciones con-
traidas. Las cifras de los empr6stitos representan el total del empr6stito
autorizado, no la suma retirada o egresos.
INFORMES TOMADOS DE: Informes U-203, ano fiscal 1961 al 1963. Docu-
mentos de Implantaciones Aprobadas, afo fiscal 1961-63. Informe del AID,
W-224, "Status de los Convenios de Empr6stitos" CPB, afo fiscal 1961 al
1963. Informe del USAID/P "Status de Empr6stitos Externos" Sept. 30,
1963. Informe del AID, Div. S & R, "Ayuda de los Estados Unidos al
Exterior," 19 de julio de 1945 al 30 de junio de 1962.
Este informed incluye solamente las fuentes principals de ayuda econ6mica a la
Repfblica de Panama desde el afio fiscal de 1961. No include ayuda prestada bajo los
programs auspiciados por las Naciones Unidas, la OEA, el Prograra de Ayuda Militar
y Alimentos par Ia lPaz, y por lo tanto no debera considerarse como representative
del total de la ayuda externa ofrecida durante los uiltimos 3 afios.

Pigina 4


~`P~=n"~^=-~JI\~ :~-~Q~

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