Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: July 2, 1998
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00355
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text


Vol. XXXVI, No. 14 Thursday, July 2, 1998

rce Division

I -

The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, July 2, 1998

New locks equipment maintenance program seeks root causes

By Susan Harp
Following Panama Canal Commission
efforts to establish benchmarking systems
and procedures, employees at Miraflores
Locks are using a new approach to provide
the best maintenance possible for locks
equipment. The pilot program is based on
"root cause analysis," a method used to
identify the underlying, or "root," cause of
equipment problems and keep them from
S"Our product is maintenance," said
electrician leader Sixta Rodriguez, explain-
ing that machinists and electricians have
to work fast when repairing certain kinds
of locks equipment to avoid possible de-
lays to transiting ships. "We are already
accustomed to working under pressure and
resolving problems, but now our goal is to
reduce delays caused by equipment failure
to an absolute minimum." The approach
they are taking is to make the maintenance
process function at higher levels of effi-
Implementing a concept first set up by
acting Locks Division Pacific Branch Su-
perintendent Ivan Lasso, Miraflores Locks
acting Maintenance Manager Eduardo
Hevia applied concepts he learned in a
"total maintenance program" training ses-

Brainstorming session Photo by Jaime Yau
Several members of the Miraflores Locks team in charge of providing quality mainte-
nance for locks equipment discuss ways to reduce service needs for towing locomotive
windlass cables during a brainstorming session. From left are machinist leader
Fernando Esquivel, electrician leader Jorge Mason, electrician leader Sixta Rodriguez

and electrician Julio De La Guardia.

sion to specific locks needs. Hevia,
Rodriguez and machinist leader Fernando
Esquivel developed a standard flow chart
to guide workers when they look for the

root cause of the problem. They also began
holding technical meetings and brainstorm-
ing sessions aimed directly at improving
the quality of locks maintenance.

The flow chart establishes a sequence
of questions to ask when investigating the
cause of a problem. Questions cover the
type of preventive maintenance given to
the machine, its maintenance schedule, a
comparison of correct versus actually per-
formed maintenance procedures, the ef-
fectiveness of the maintenance schedule
and the cost-effectiveness of any suggested
changes for preventing problems from re-
"The flow chart and brainstorming sys-
tems are making it easier for the craftsmen
who actually do the work to suggest im-
provements to the maintenance system,"
said Rodriguez. She gives as an example
electrician Julio De La Guardia's investi-
gation of a locks towing locomotive prob-
lem that began with a short in a light bulb
circuit. The seemingly simple problem
was keeping the locomotive out of service.
Instead of just fixing the circuit, De La
Guardia reviewed the entire electrical sys-
tem and suggested that the addition of
fuses would allow locks locomotives to
continue working when such minor elec-
trical problems occur.

Continued on page 4...

Employees recognized for keeping

sharp eye on El Nino consequences

By Maria Gabriela Guardia
Five employees from the Engineering
Division's Meteorological and Hydro-
graphic Branch received On-the-Spot
awards for their important contributions
to the monitoring, compilation and report-
ing of information about the El Niho phe-
nomenon recently. Meteorological and
Hydrographic Branch acting manager
Carlos Vargas described the award win-
ners as the El Niuo heroes, since the ser-
vices they provided were vital for making
precise decisions on actions to counteract
the effects of the phenomenon.
Meteorologist Jorge Espinosa was
awarded for delivering accurate informa-
tion about the El Niio phenomenon to
Canal clients and users, Canal Commis-
sion and Canal Authority officials, pro-
fessional organizations and the media
through numerous briefings and inter-
Supervisory hydrologist Siegelinde
Probst was recognized for providing
timely, punctual, precise and effective fore-
casts about Gatun and Alhajuela (Mad-
den) lake levels. On the other hand, hy-
drologist Manuel Vilar received an award
for providing essential support to Probst
by modifying and adapting computer pro-

grams to manipulate variables needed for
predicting lake levels.
"Thejob was difficult, because, since a
drought is not a frequent event at the Ca-
nal, its causes and effects are seldom mea-
sured," said Vargas. The measurements
take into account many variables, such as
where and when rainfall occurs, how much
water has accumulated in the lakes, how
much the municipal water consumption
will be and how much water will be re-
quired for generating hydroelectric en-
ergy, among other things.
Supervisory hydrologist Luis Alvarado
was honored for his field work in the
execution of logistics required for the in-
stallation of five new rain and weather
monitoring stations. The field logistics
included clearing the installation areas,
transporting equipment and personnel and
arranging for helicopter support, among
other things. Hydrologist Modesto
Echevers was awarded for developing
computerized maps of the Canal water-
shed that indicate areas called Thiesen
polygons, which help calculate average
rainfall using simple arithmetic equations.
He was also recognized for his contribu-
tion to the installation of the new monitor-

"El Niio" heroes Photo by Jaime Yau
Engineering Division Meteorological and Hydrographic Branch employees receive On-
the-Spot awards for their important contributions to the monitoring, compilation and
reporting of information about the "El Niio phenomenon. From left are meteorologist
Jorge Espinosa, supervisory hydrologists Siegelinde Probst and Luis Alvarado and hy-
drologists Manuel Vilar and Modesto Echevers.

ing stations by taking charge of making
office contacts, seeking equipment pro-
viders, selecting and testing equipment
and making purchasing orders.
Echevers and Vilar are currently re-
ceiving training offered by the U.S. Na-
tional Weather Service, which was con-

tracted by the Commission for the installa-
tion of hydrological models developed by
the institution to improve the Canal lake-
level forecasting system. "This technical
and scientific project will allow us to man-
age water resources more efficiently,"
concluded Vargas.

Criteria extended for nominations to Honorary Public Service awards

The Honorary Public Service Award
ceremony generally is celebrated during
the first months of the year. However, this
year the ceremony was postponed to
broaden the criteria for this prestigious
award in an effort to allow for greater
recognition of exemplary voluntary con-
tributions and community service. Thus,
the Panama Canal Commission (PCC)
again is seeking nominations for the Hon-
orary Public Service Award.
Under the revised criteria, recognition
will be given to Commission employees
who donate their personal time and efforts
in making significant voluntary contribu-
tions to PCC, to any federal agency in the
Canal area or to any goodwill or charitable

organization in Panama. Voluntary com-
munity service of PCC employees, not
only to the Canal area community, but to
any community in the Republic of Panama
also will be recognized under the new
criteria. The award criteria for non-Com-
mission employees and organizations re-
main the same; they will continue to be
recognized for outstanding voluntary con-
tributions or service to the PCC, other
federal agencies in the Canal area or the
Canal area community.
The actions or contributions that merit
this award include the following: (1) ex-
emplary service in an advisory capacity to
a Commission or Canal area community
program, voluntary organization, project

or community; (2) direct assistance to the
Commission through actions or useful
ideas which are beneficial in eliminating
or minimizing problems, or in actively
contributing to PCC mission accomplish-
ment; (3) assistance of a significant nature
to the Canal organization or Canal area
community through the use of facilities,
equipment, or manpower; (4) courageous
or heroic acts, (5) significant contribu-
tions in the form of voluntary presenta-
tions or valuable consultations; and (6)
significant voluntary contributions toward
the betterment of any community in
Nominations must be submitted in writ-
ing with a description of the specific vol-

untary contributions made by the nominee
and the benefits derived from those contri-
butions. Also, nominations must include a
cover sheet with the name, position title,
employing organization, home and duty
telephone numbers and postal address of
the nominee and nominator. Supporting
data or exhibits may be submitted with
nominations. All nominations must be
received by the Department of Human
Resources no later than July 30, 1998.
Nominations made last January need not
be resubmitted as they will be considered
together with new submissions. The Per-
sonnel Policy and Programs Division may
be contacted at 272-3466 for any addi-
tional information.

Paee 2

Thursday. July 2. 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway

Page 3

Agency studies different options for hew Canal locks construction

A Panama Canal locks chamber may look impressively
huge, especially if viewed from the perspective of a dry
chamber during a locks overhaul. Nowadays, however, many
vessels using the waterway go through these locks chambers
with only two feet to spare on each side. These large ships are
known as PANAMAX vessels because they are built to the
maximum size that will fit through the Canal locks. They
currently make up 30 percent of the ships transiting the Canal.
The Panama Canal Commission, always committed to
satisfying increasing vessel transit demands and with the
vision of expanding Canal capacity to provide service to
virtually all ships, is currently conducting a three-year study
to evaluate different options for the construction of new
Panama Canal locks and water supply sources. The project is
managed and directed by the recently established Canal
Expansion Projects Office, which reports directly to the Canal
But the idea is neither new nor recent. On August 11, 1939,
U.S. Congress approved the construction of a third set of locks
in response to the threat of a bomb attack on the existing locks
and to improve and enlarge Canal capacity. This project
included the design and construction of new locks at a location
not far from the existing locks. Excavation work started in
July 1940, and the work proceeded at full speed until May

1942. Nevertheless, the project was slowed down by World
War II and eventually stopped at the end of 1947.
The current Commission study has as reference points a
number of past reports and a study completed in 1993 by a
group representing the governments of the United States,
Panama and Japan, known as the Tripartite Commission for
the Study of Alternatives to the Panama Canal. The current
study will incorporate advanced construction technology and
methodologies and make better use of existing Canal infra-
structure, which will result in more cost-effective alterna-
tives. The Commission study will also include a detailed
water resources analysis, as well as comprehensive technical,
economical and financial analyses.
Expansion Project Office project manager Agustin A.
Arias said, "The third set of locks initiative is a very compli-
cated project." He explained that, in addition to considering
locks of various sizes, the study will also examine alternate
systems for raising and lowering vessels, such as the use of
aquatic elevators. Full feasibility studies- including environ-
mental and market analyses will be conducted, and concep-
tual designs will be developed for each viable alternative. The
results will be used by the Commission to select the best
project alternatives and to obtain the necessary capital. In the
years ahead, the prohibition against taking on debt will no

longer be applicable at the Canal, so the process of financing
major improvements to the waterway will be more flexible.
This will allow the Canal organization to provide improved
and expanded service to its customers.
The lock-type alternatives under study cover a range of
possibilities, including chambers that are smaller than those
now operating at the Canal; chambers of similar size; cham-
bers of similar length and width, but supporting a deeper draft;
larger chambers accommodating vessels between 100,000
and 120,000 deadweight tons; and much larger chambers for
transits of ships up to 250,000 deadweight tons.
The Commission will also examine numerous options for
obtaining the additional water required to support the opera-
tion of the new locksincluding the deepening of Gatun Lake,
the construction of new dams and water-saving systems and
lockage water recycling. Once a decision is made on the best
project alternatives, the most viable option will be selected
and implemented to meet additional water requirements.
A plan has been developed for conducting the study, and
work has already begun on many of the required tasks. The
Commission expects the technical aspects of the study to be
completed in about two years. Construction plans will then
be developed, and the actual construction will be accom-
plished by contractors.

Agreement signed Photo by Armando De Gracia
Negotiators of the new firefighters collective bargaining agreement gather in the Panama Canal Administration Building Board Room
during the signing ceremony. Seated from left are International-Association of Firefighters (IAFF) Local 13 Antonio Gonzdlez, Canal
AdministratorAlberto Alemdn Zubieta, Deputy CanalAdministrator Joseph W. Cornelison and Labor Relations Specialist Frank Botello.
Standing from left are Canal Security Division Manager Raymond Brayton; IAFF representatives Oliverio Beckles, Victor Colona, Juan
Carlos De Ledn, Willis Small, Jr. and Josd Garcia; Labor Relations Associate Director Michael N. Stephenson; IAFF representativesAbel
GutierrezandRodolfo Herrera; Labor Relations Specialist Linda J. Eberenz; EmergencyResponse Branch Administrative Officer Zunilda
White; Employment and Placement Branch Manager Carmen McSween; Labor Relations Division Manager Ana Maria de Chiquilani;
Emergency Response Branch Manager Billy A. Quir6s; Maritime Operations Director Rend Van Hoorde; and Human Resources Director
George A. Mercier.

Canal draft returns to normal

After 109 days of restrictions as a re-
sult of El Niio, the Panama Canal has
lifted all transit draft restrictions in the
waterway, effective June 30, reinstating
the normal maximum authorized transit
draft of 12.04 meters (39.5 feet).
"We are very happy to be making this
announcement, as it benefits our custom-
ers," Panama Canal Commission Admin-
istrator Alberto Aleman Zubieta said.
"We've been closely monitoring weather
patterns and water levels in Gatun Lake,
making sure transits were safe, while mak-
ing every effort to ease the restrictions as
conditions improved," he added.
While giving credit to the "top-notch
professionals" who handled operations so
effectively during this critical period,
Alemin said he is especially proud of their
efforts "because we were able to lift re-
strictions three months ahead of what we
had initially predicted."
Short- and long-term forecasts made in
February indicated that Panama Canal draft
restrictions might begin reversing around
June and that normal draft conditions could
be expected around September or October

1998. Early rainfall in the Canal water-
shed combined with continued water con-
servation measures led the Commission to
begin increasing the maximum draft on
April 28, when it was raised from 10.82
meters (35.5 feet) to 11.13 meters (36.5
The severity of the 1997-1998 El Nifo
weather season caused the worst drought
conditions in the past 150 years. Dimin-
ishing rainfall in the Canal watershed and
the consequent reduction in the level of
Gatun forced the Canal to gradually in-
crease draft restrictions in the Canal.
The first draft restriction was imposed
on March 12. Subsequent, staggered draft
reductions brought the maximum autho-
rized transit draft to a low of 10.82 meters
(35.5 feet), from April 19 to 28.
The last time the Canal imposed draft
restrictions was 14 years ago in 1983, also
due to El Nifo. The maximum authorized
transit 'draft is the deepest point of immer-
sion in tropical fresh water permitted for a
particular vessel in Gatun Lake. The water
density of Gatun Lake is 0.99954 at 29.4
degrees Celsius and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Aligning caisson Photo by Danny Uselton
Panama Canal Commission personnel position a caisson across the northwest lane of
traffic at Gatun Locks in preparation for dry chamber work. The caisson blocks the
entrance, allowing workers to pump the chamber dry and make repairs to locks gate
equipment located on the chamber floor. Employees have been performing maintenance
and repair work at all three sets of locks since June 22. Work is scheduled to be completed
at midnight, July 3.

Commission Board

of Directors meets

in Panama July 17

The next quarterly meeting of
the Panama Canal Commission
Board of Directors will be held on
July 17 at the Panama Canal Ad-
minis.ration Building.
Items on the agenda include a
review of the FY 1998-2000 oper-
ating budgets and capital program
and reports from Commission Ad-
ministrator Alberto Alemin
Zubieta, Chief Financial Officer
Ricaurte A. Vasquez and Secre-
tary John A. Mills. The Board will
also hear a report by Deputy Ad-
ministrator Joseph W. Cornelison
on the Commission's Transition
Milestone Plan and reports from
two of its standing committees -
Audit and Transition.

The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, July 2, 1998

Speedboat transits waterway

during circumnavigation race

By Susan Harp
The speedboat Cable and Wireless Ad-
venturer transited the Panama Canal June 16
on the 581 day of its attempt to circumnavi-
gate the globe in just 80 days. In a race
against time inspired by the Jules Verne
novel, Around the World in 80 Days, the
three-hulled vessel is also trying to break the
83-day record set by the U.S. nuclear sub-
marine Triton in 1960.
Built in England, the Adventurer left
Gibraltar April 19 on a 26,000-mile journey
east through the Mediterranean Sea and Suez
Canal and around Indonesia to Hong Kong,
Hawaii and California before reaching
Panama. It measures 114 feet in length by 46
feet in beam, although the 16-person crew
shares a living space that measures only
about half the overall beam. Its low-resis-
tance hull design allows it to go very long
distances on a relatively small amount of
fuel about the same mileage as an automo-
Project leader Jock Wishart began plan-
ning and building the Adventurer six years
ago with the support of the Cable and Wire-
less and British Petroleum companies. A
well-known adventurer, Wishart is the cur-
rent European Dragon boat racing cham-
pion, has raced across the Atlantic Ocean in
a rowboat and was a member of the first team

to walk unsupported to the Geomagnetic
North Pole. In Panama, he said, "Even
though we have thousands of miles to go,
making the Panama Canal transit is really an
accomplishment for us."
Martin Jourdan, a businessman from the
outskirts of London, is one of seven volun-
teers chosen from about 340 applicants to
participate in the race Candidates took a
battery of tests tojudge their compatibility in
the vessel's close quarters. Jourdan said that
those chosen seem to share an affection for
people, high energy and good organizational
abilities as well as low willpower. He specu-
lated that the formula formed a group that
would get along with project leaders who
have to take more aggressive roles in the
race. The formula has worked, and Jourdan
said that his most important survival tip is to
never fall behind on getting enough sleep,
since the crew must be alert for their four-
and six-hour watches.
"The grandeur of the sea and sky was
incredible. The Northern skies in England
are not like the Pacific," he said about the
crossing from Hong Kong to California.
When asked why he volunteered for a project
involving discomfort and hard work, he said,
"I never wanted to be on my deathbed and
regret not having done things that I had the
opportunity to do."

Record-breaking attempt Photo by Roger Guerra
The "Cable and Wireless Adventurer" transits Miraflores Locks during a northbound
passage through the Panama Canal. The vessel, which is powered by two, 350-horsepower
Cummins turbo-diesel motors, transited the waterway during a race against time to encircle

the globe.

Dr. Melinda Breckness, the crew doctor,
specializes in emergency medicine and has
worked on helicopterrescue teams and speed-
boat racing circuits. She reports only one
serious medical emergency during the trip
before reaching Panama; one of the crew
came down with viral meningitis and had to
leave the boat in Hawaii. Hot weather also
caused heat rashes and posed a danger of
The Adventurer is piloted by Capt. Ian
Bosworth, whose regular job is master of a
Cable and Wireless cabling ship. He said
about the crew, "They've been really won-
derful, tremendous fun to sail with, and I've
enjoyed their humor."

A similar, but smaller vessel, theRevolu-
tion, attempted to break the same record on
a westbound journey earlier this year. Un-
fortunately, after transiting the Canal, it hit a
reef off the coast of Nicaragua and aborted
the attempt. As this issue of the Spillway
went to press, the Adventurer was racing a
storm across the Atlantic, and Wishart ex-
pressed doubts that they would make arecord-
breaking arrival in Gibraltar by July 3 be-
cause of the weather. Updates are available
on the Internet
Before leaving the waterway in June,
Wishart said, "I hope that if we are successful,
in the future you will see more of these weird
and wonderful craft coming to your waters."

Panamanian students participate in U.S. Presidential Scholars Program

By Yira A. Flores
For a young 16-year-old student, an
opportunity to meet the U.S. President and
part of his Cabinet and take a close look at
the operation of the federal government of
a world power is an experience that is hard
to forget. Laura Cham, a Panama Canal
Commission dependent, will have these
opportunities when she visits Washington,
D.C., on the Fourth of July, U.S. Indepen-
dence Day.
Laura, daughter of Maintenance Divi-
sion engineer Winston Cham and Informa-
tion Processing Division systems program-
mer Cecilia Cham, will participate in the
Future World Leaders Summit under the
U.S. Presidential Classroom Scholars Pro-
The program, operating since 1968, is
designed mostly for U.S. students who may
apply to participate providing they have a B
minimum grade average and are among the
top 25 students in their class. They can also
be nominated by professors, congressmen,
senators and other authorities. But this
year, through arrangements made by the
Panama First Lady's Office and the Panama
Embassy in Washington, D.C., Panama was
invited to participate in the program for the
first time, with ten spaces available for
students from different schools throughout
the country.
Through the National Institute for the
Formation and Development of Human Re-
sources (IFARHU), several schools on the
Isthmus were invited to participate. Stu-
dents selected to compete were the best in
their class and also proficient in English.
They attended an interview during which
they responded to questions in English and
Spanish before a jury. Laura's mom says
that none of them knew why they were
there or that they would have to answer to
questions drawn from a little box.
For Laura, a student at Javier High
School, the first question asked what quali-
ties she would expect to find in a leader.
The second one, in English, asked how she
would feel about being chosen to partici-

Scholars program students visit Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Ten students from different schools throughout Panama who are participating in the U.S.
Presidential Classroom Scholars Program look at the Panama Canal topographic map
during a recent visit to Miraflores Locks. Panama Canal Commission dependent Laura
Cham stands third from the left.

pate in the program. Two student nominees
had been selected from her school, and later
Laura learned she had won the opportunity
to travel to Washington under the program.
Subsequently, IFARHU started making
arrangements for the trip. "They only asked
is to have her passport and U.S. visa ready,"
said Cecilia. The First Lady's Office is
sponsoring the activityjointly with the pri-
vate sector.
In preparation, the selected students met
at IFARHU for briefings on the program
and to prepare to participate. Last Thurs-
day, a ceremony was held at IFARHU to
present students with their credentials. First
Lady Dora Boyd de P6rez Balladares ad-
dressed the students and gave them the
documents they would need for their trip.
Accompanied by IFARHU International
Relations, Cooperation and Technical As-
sistance Department Bureau assistant
Alejandro Mendoza, the students visited
Miraflores Locks last Friday for an update
on Canal operations and a review of infor-
mation they already knew, which will help
them to discuss Panama's economic activi-
ties during the trip.

.The schedule of activities begins on
their first day in Washington and includes
debate sessions on several topics, atten-
dance of a congressional hearing, a private
tour of the White House and tours of the
Capitol and the Supreme Court. All the
students will stay at Georgetown Univer-
Laura says she expects to learn a lot
about Panama's political relations with the
United States and the rest of the world
during the trip, adding that this type of
program is important for improving politi-
cal, cultural and social relations world-
Laura's parents are excited about the
trip and say they are very proud and happy
their daughter was given this opportunity.
Explaining that Laura is at the peak of her
youth, her mother said, "Besides meeting
others her age from different parts of the
world, everything she experiences will help
her gain confidence and develop even
Having a passion for their studies runs
in the veins of the Cham family. All four of
the Cham children, two boys and two girls,

chose to study science and mathematics.
The first three graduated from Javier High
School, and Laura is about to graduate.
Both boys earned engineering degrees from
Georgia Tech University and hold master's
degrees from Stanford University. Laura's
sister studies architecture at Georgia Tech.
Laura also plans to study engineering out-
side Panama.
When asked about what message she
would give to Panamanian students, Laura
said, "Keep striving to do well in their studies
because they are the most important part of
our youth." She added, "We are the future of
our country and I think that with effort and
commitment to our studies, we contribute to
the development of our country."
For some, studying hard and being a
good student all the way through school can
be a big sacrifice, but seeing the opportuni-
ties that it brings, such as the one offered to
these ten Panamanian students, it is defi-
nitely worth the sacrifice.

New locks program
... continued from page 2

Rodriguez said that, using root
cause analysis, they are discovering
the cause of many problems is a fail-
ure to follow established maintenance
procedures, which can be corrected
relatively easily with refresher train-
ing sessions. After implementing
the flowchart approach, Rodriguez
and Esquivel say they noticed a dif-
ference right away they went more
than 20 days in a row without transit
delays due to equipment problems.
"The approach is cost effective
because, by identifying the root
cause, it prevents repetition of prob-
lems that cause transit delays and
repair expenses, and it increases the
availability of equipment," said

Page 4

Thursday, July 2, 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway

Canal couple proud of canine

pets' competition achievements

By Teresa Arosemena
The pride and affection that Transition
Management Staff Manager Jaime A.
Bocanegra and his wife, administrative ac-
countant Maritza Fong, feel for two very spe-
cial members of their family is truly remark-
able. In fact, Duquesa, a 28-month-old Rott-
weiler, and Princess, a 22-month-old German
Shepherd, take up all of these two Panama
Canal Commissionofficials' free time.
Both Bocanegra and Fong say they re-
ceive a lot in exchange for being canine fans.
"This is a hobby that helps you grow hu-
manly in terms of discipline and commit-
ment," said Bocanegra. Fong added, "It
teaches you to include the entire family in a
wholesome activity because everyone par-
Both say they feel veryproudof the impec-
cable behavior of their dogs ando fthe numer-
ous prizes they have won in various compe-
titions. "We love them like daughters," Fong
added. When describing the dogs' different
personalities, Fong said, "Princess is restless,
mischievous, sweet and affectionate." On the
other hand, Bocanegra asserted, "Duquesa is
more dominant, protective, jealous and re-
For this couple everything started with
the desire to have a pet at home. They chose
the best Rottweiler of the litter, filled out the
necessary papers and got an instructor to
train her in obedience and attack. Then they
got Princess and followed the same steps.
In April last year, both dogs participated
in two international expositions for the first
time. Duquesa won first prize as the best
female Rottweiler and second prize for Best
Young Dog of the exposition, while Princess
won the prize for the Best Pup of the exposi-
tion. This was just the beginning of a series
of accomplishments. Since then, Duquesa
and Princess have won innumerable awards,
and have added more and more recognition

to their record of wins.
Princess has won the prize for Best Dog of
theexposition on three different occasions, as
a puppy and as a young dog. Duquesa, on the
other hand, has been unbeaten as the best
female Rottweiler, becoming Panamanian
Champion last year and achieving the re-
quired points to compete as an International
Champion. Her latest accomplishment was
in May 1998, when she was chosen as the
Best Panamanian Dog of the Exposition.
Bocanegra explained that as the date for
a competition gets closer, the two dogs are
put on a special diet designed for their weight.
In addition, their instructor, Abraham
Villarreal, intensifies training right before the
competition. Bocanegra said, "Each dog is
judged according to competition standards."
He explained that there are ideal physical
standards unique to the dog's breed, and
they are judged according to these param-
eters. After being evaluated, thejudge grants
them points for national and international
champion. That is, that they can participate
in each of the levels.
In addition to being exemplary owners,
Bocanegra and Fong are also looking for an
ideal "boyfriend" for Duquesa. They trav-
eled to Costa Rica in their search since they
want to improve Duquesa's breed by mating
her with a Rottweiler of German descent.
SThese two PCC employees consider that
one of the best ways to make a champion is to
make selective choices. Therefore, they ad-
vise that the selection of a dog be made
carefully and according to the tastes and
preferences of the owner. "Dogs are like
colors, there is one for everyone," Bocanegra
said. Both Bocanegra and Fong recommend
that everyone with dogs with good pedigrees
should registerthem at Panama's Canine Club
and enroll them in local and international com-

Transition ManagementManagerJaimeA. Bocanegra and his wife, administrative accoun-
tant Maritza Fong, proudly pose with canine champion CH Doria de Agab (Duquesa), left,
and Princess, after a recent competition in which both dogs won prizes.

Position vacancy list

Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. To apply, submit Form 443,
Application for Transfer, by next Friday, to the Employment and Placement Branch,
Building 366, Ancon.
Persons selected f6r appointment to a permanent position or a testing-designated position
will be tested for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change.
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal
line of promotion, in-service employees qualify if they possess at least one year of
specialized experience at the second-lower level of the position.
For in-service actions other than promotions, modified qualifications will be used
whenever an applicant's background includes closely related experience providing the
skills necessary for successful performance.
Proof that applicant meets special requirements (such as swimming ability, or possession
of a civil driver's license) must be filed in the Official Personnel Folder or added to Form 443.
Salaries reflect the minimum and maximum rates of pay for the grades of the advertised
positions. Those selected will be placed in the appropriate grade and step, in accordance
with regulations.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical
Resources Center, Building 38, Balboa.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch, at

Permanent positions Salaries
Interdisciplinary engineer, NM-1212 $21.40/$27.82
(Bilingual. Swimming ability and
civil driver's license are required.)
Supervisory civil engineer, NM-12'3 $21.40/$27.82
(Knowledge of Spanish, swimming
ability and civil driver's license are
Budget analyst, NM-11' $17.86/$23.22
Platemaker, MG-071 $6.29/$6.75
Office automation clerk, NM-04' $6.70/$8.47
Office automation clerk, NM-04' $6.70/$8.47
(Bilingual. Civil driver's
license is required.)
Materials handler, MG-05' $5.66/$6.05
(Knowledge of English is desirable.)
Temporary promotion (not to exceed one year)
Supervisory structural engineer, $25.45/$33.08
(Swimming ability and civil driver's
license are required.)
Administrative officer, NM-0914 $14.76/$19.19
Engineering equipment operator, $14.61/$17.04
MG-10' (Swimming ability and civil
driver's license are required.)
Computer assistant, NM-07' 5 $12.07/$15.68
(Civil driver's license is required.)

Reviewing water-rescue techniques Photo by Jaime Yau
Emergency medical technicians from the Panama Canal Commission Emergency Response
Branch review water-rescue techniques at the Los Rios pool as part of their continued
medical education program. The courses were offered June 3 and 24 on the Atlantic side
and June 4 and 11 on the Pacific.

Unit Location Vacancies
Maritime P 1

Engineering P 1

Maritime Oper. P 1
Public Rel. P 1
Public Rel. P 1

Training and Dev. P




Emergency Resp.

'Only PCC employees will be considered.
2This is an interdisciplinary position classifiable to any of the following engineering disciplines:
Civil 810; Mechanical 830; Electrical/Electronics 850/855; or Industrial 896.
SMotorboat operator's license is required.
4 Three applicants may be selected for a period not to exceed four months each. Knowledge of
employee and labor relations is required.
SKnowledge of microcomputer programming in database management systems; e.g., FoxPro, DBase,
Clipper or FoxBase is required. Knowledge of Network Control Software; e.g., Novell, is required.

The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

Page 5

The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, July 2,1998

Employee's quick action helps

save Dredging Division launch

By Teresa Arosemena
A positive and cooperative attitude can
produce great results. Recently, the fast
reaction and sense of responsibility of launch
operator Efrain Pandales helped in the res-
cue of the launch Talingo, which was about
to sink at the Dredging Division complex.
The Talingo, a fast launch belonging to
the Aquatic Vegetation and Pollution Con-
trol Branch, was tied up to a dock at the
Dredging Division. It was on the verge of
sinking when Dredging Division seaman
Luis Rivera notified Pandales, who luckily
had arrived early to start his shift, about the
critical situation.
"When I arrived at the area where the
launch was tied up, the stern and the two
outboard motors were practically sub-
merged," Pandales said. "I analyzed the
situation and immediately decided I had to
rescue the launch," he added.
Pandales explained that he proceeded to
first tie the bow to the dock to prevent it from
sinking any further. Then, using his flota-
tion device, he verified that the emergency
pump was working. "Finally, I grabbed a
hold ofa five-gallon tank from another launch
and used it to remove the water from the
Talingo," he added.

Once the launch was secured, Pandales
informed his supervisor and Aquatic Veg-
etation and Pollution Control Branch per-
sonnel about the incident.
"I acted on my own initiative, since that
is equipment the Canal needs," said Pandales.
Thanks to the action and positive attitude of
Pandales, who dealt with the incident before
the start of his work shift, the sinking of
launch Talingo was prevented.
Referring to Pandales' deed, Aquatic
Vegetation and Pollution Control Branch
biologist Jos6 Maturell said, "This is the
attitude we need. Everything that happens
concerns all of us, and so it is important to
promote this attitude."
Pandales asserts that his experience of
working for the Canal for ten years has made
him appreciate Canal resources. "Over time
I realized that this launch was very important
for our department. It is a fast launch and it
has provided us with a lot of service. The
idea is that we have to keep the Canal in good
shape in order to offer good service to the
world," he said.
His commendable act saved the Canal
agency the loss of costly equipment. Pandales
received a Special Act award for his alert
and cooperative attitude.

SpecialAct award Photo by Armando De Gracia
Aquatic Vegetation and Pollution Control Branch launch operator Efrain Pandales
receives a SpecialActawardfrom Environmental ManagementManagerJuanH. Diaz after
helping save the launch "Talingo" when it almost sank near the Dredging Division.
Looking on are Watershed Monitoring and Institutional Coordination Branch Manager
Ricardo Salazar, left, andAquatic Vegetation and Pollution Control Branch biologist Jos6

Panama Canal participates in local

fair promoting vocational education

Apprentice exhibit Photo by Jaime Yau
Panama Canal Commission heavy equipment mechanic apprentice OdracirNaranjo shows
a motor to a visitor at the apprentice school exhibit during the Fifth National Vocational
Guidance Fair at the Atlapa Convention Center.

Rains cause mosquito population explosion

By Maria Gabriela Guardia
The wave of mosquitoes currently af-
fecting the entire country can also be a
nuisance for Panama Canal operations.
When the rainy season begins, the event
causes a population explosion of theAedes
taeniorhynchus mosquito. This mosquito,
also known as the mangrove Aedes or the
black marsh mosquito, reproduces prima-
rily in the coastal mangrove swamps along
the length of the American continent and in
nearby freshwater lagoons. The mosquito
has also been found in sediment taken out
of the waterway by Canal dredging equip-
Aedes taeniorhynchus deposits its eggs
mainly in mud. The eggs hatch when the
area is inundated by rainwater and optimal.
conditions for the development of the mos-
quito larvae occur. This causes an outbreak
of mosquitoes, since each flooding of the
marshes stimulates the hatching of thou-

sands of larvae that emerge as adults in 8 to
10 days. After it begins raining continu-
ously, the population of this kind of mos-
quito decreases.
Female Aedes taeniorhynchus bite ag-
gressively and are annoying both day and
night. Also, they are powerful flyers and
migrate great distances in all directions
from their birthplaces. In Florida, migra-
tions of up to 96 kilometers (60 miles)
toward populated areas have been docu-
mented. Males feed mainly on flower nec-
tar and do not travel as far as females. The
Aedes taeniorhynchus is associated with
the transmission of the virus that causes
encephalitis in horses and humans.
To combat this mosquito, the Sanitation
and Entomology Branch fumigates with an
Ultra Low Volume insecticide, known as
ULV, in Canal operation areas in Diablo,
La Boca, the Miraflores west bank,

By Yira A. Flores
The Apprentice School represented the
Panama Canal Commission at the Fifth
National Vocational Guidance Fair June 9
through 12 at the Atlapa Convention Cen-
ter. Some 10,000 Panamanian students
attended the fair, and those visiting the
Apprentice School exhibit learned about
the wide variety of crafts taught by the
Panama Education Vice Minister H6ctor
Pefialba, accompanied by high government
officials and thousands of students, inaugu-
rated the fair June 9 during a ceremony at
the convention center's La Huaca Theater.
The annual fair's purpose is to gather
the majority of Panama universities and
higher education centers together in one
place and provide information on career
choices, admission requirements and
courses of study. Also participating were
agencies that provide financing for contin-
ued higher education through loans and
scholarships, embassies with information
on degrees offered by their countries' uni-
versities and state entities and private busi-
nesses giving out information on the types
of professional personnel they need for
ongoing projects and others planned for the
Their combined effort helps students
make choices about their professional fu-
ture in a responsible and mature manner,

Velasquez and Farfan. Bio-technicians
Anofre Campbell and Guillermo Jules,
along with sanitation supervisor Bryan
Keeny, made biting collections in the Diablo
area, finding high activity in the morning.
The Commission regularly inspects the tide
gates that keep ocean water from entering
the Farfan River swamp area, which inter-
rupts the mosquito's reproduction cycle
and reduces its population.
The uses of insect repellents is recom-
mended, with a reminder to always consult

taking into account market demand, the
country's needs and employment opportu-
"At the exhibit we demonstrate some of
the trades we teach at the school and de-
scribe the professional fields that students
can enter. We serve as professional advi-
sors, because our work is to guide and form
professionals," said Industrial and Safety
Training Branch Manager Bryant W. Teale.
Students graduating from schools all
over the country were the principal partici-
pants in the various fair activities, along
with their parents and teachers. Thousands
of students dropped by the Apprentice
School exhibit, which was manned by the
school's instructors and students. Visitors
observed a computerized welding simula-
tor and tried out automotive equipment that
included motors and brake systems.
The fair also offered students a series of
conferences on current and significant is-
sues presented by Panamanian professors.
Among the topics addressed were develop-
ment plans for the nation, how to choose a
career, the process of globalization and
professions for the next millennium.
Through its participation in this kind of
activity, the Panama Canal Commission
confirms its commitment to contribute to
the nation's development by promoting the
importance of training and development of
quality professionals.

a pediatrician in the case of using repellent
on children. Citronella candles and lamps
and electric traps keep mosquitoes away.
Another effective way to repel mosquitoes
is with physical barriers, such as mosquito
nets and metal screens for windows, doors
and other openings. It is important to keep
doors closed and to inspect window screens
for damage or deterioration. When going
out, use clothes that cover most parts of the
body and a repellent especially made for
the skin.

Page 6'

-C __

Thursday, July 2, 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway

August employee training courses listed
The schedule of training courses to be offered to Panama Canal Commission employees
in August is provided below. Courses marked with an asterisk will be given in Spanish. For
courses with "Videocon" listed under location, the course will be offered simultaneously on
both sides of the Isthmus via videoconference. Nominations should be submitted through
training program coordinators by the suspense dates indicated.

Course (and target audience)
Grievance Investigation and Consensual
Conflict Resolution (8272) (managers,
supervisors and union representatives)
Partnership Awareness (8273) (all employees)
OCLC-PRISM: Inter-Library Loan,
Cataloguing, Firstsearch (6591) (Technical
Resources Center personnel)
Personnel Management for Supervisors:
Equal Opportunity* (6035) (supervisors)
Supervisory Development: Managing
Human Behavior (6034) (supervisors)
Supervisory Development: Situational
Leadership (6034) (supervisors)
Personnel Management for Supervisors:
Training and Development* (6035) (supervisors)
Administrative Personnel Seminar: Safety
(0669) (all employees)
Records Management (6716) (clerical personnel)
Planning for Retirement* (6704) (employees
planning to retire and stay in Panama)
Goal Setting and Action Planning* (8254)
New Employee Orientation* (0581)
Power Reading (8535) (all employees)
Let's Punctuate (8249) (all employees)
Mastering the Little Words: Articles and
Prepositions (8261) (all employees)
Introduction to Internet Explorer (8538) (those
who have taken Windows 95 Introduction
or equivalent and have access to Commission-
approved Internet)
Introduction to Windows 95 (8350)
(Those who have taken Introduction to
Microcomputers. Must have Windows
95 already installed.)
Introduction to Windows 95, Computer
Based Training (8350) (Those who have
taken Introduction to Microcomputers.
Must have Windows 95 already installed.)
Automating Tasks Using Word (8398)
(those who have taken Introduction to Word)
Word, Tables (8504) (those who have
taken Introduction to Word)
Introduction to Word (8340) (Those who
have' taken Introduction to Windows.
Must have Word already installed.)
Introduction to Word, Computer Based
Training (8340) (Those who have taken
Introduction to Windows. Must have
Word already installed)
Excel Charting (8428) (Those who have
taken Introduction to Excel.)
Introduction to Excel (8351) (Those who
have taken Introduction to Windows.
Must have Excel already installed.)
Introduction to Excel, Computer Based
Training (8351) (Those who have taken
Introduction to Windows. Must have Excel
already installed.)
Introduction to Access (8434) (Those who
have taken Introduction to Windows.
Must have Access already installed.)
Introduction to Access, Computer Based
Training (8434) (Those who have taken
Introduction to Windows. Must have Access
already installed.)
Introduction to PowerPoint (8433)
(Those whohave taken Introduction to
Windows. Must have PowerPoint
already installed.)
Introduction to PowerPoint, Computer
Based Training (8433) (Those who have
taken Introduction to Windows. Must
have PowerPoint already installed.)

Dates Time Suspense Location
8/3-5 8:30-4:00 7/13 Tr.Ctr.

Canal residential electricity and telephone rates increase

Panama Canal Commission residential electricity rates are based on comparability with
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) residential rates.
As a result in changes in TVA rates, employee electricity rates will be increased 5.7
percent beginning with the meter readings for October 1998 consumption. The increase will
amount to approximately $6.65 per month for the average consumer, and will be reflected
in the November 30 pay statement corresponding to pay period 23, which ends November

An increase in residential telephone rates has also been announced for the beginning of
August 1998. The biweekly telephone rate payroll deduction for basic services will increase
8:30-4:00 7/17 Tr.Ctr. from $6.70 to $8.90. The monthly rate for employees for basic telephone service will
8:00-4:00 7/13 77Bal. increase from $14.50 to $19.25. On June 1, 1999, the Commission will increase telephone
service rates to $11.01 biweekly, and $24 monthly.

8/3 8:00-4:00 7/13 Tr. Ctr.

8/4-5 8:00-4:00 7/14. Tr.Ctr.

8/11-12 8:00-4:00

7/21 Tr.Ctr.

8/17 8:00-4:00 7/27 Tr.Ctr.



8:00-11:45 7/22 Tr.Ctr.


8/20 8:00-4:00
8/31 8:00-4:00
8/6-7 8:00-4:00
8/11 8:00-4:00
8/24-25 8:00-11:45
(two mornings)
8/7 8:00-11:45

7/27 Gatun
7/21 Tr.Ctr.


7/17 717Balboa

8/3-4 8:00-4:00 7/13 717Balboa
8/10-13 4:30-7:00 7/20 717Balboa

8/24-25 8:00-4:00

8/3 717Balboa

8/12 8:00-4:00 7/22 717Balboa

8/14 8:00-11:45 7/24 717Balboa

8/20-21 8:00-4:00 7/30 717Balboa

8/24-25 8:00-4:00 8/3 717Balboa

8/10-11 8:00-4:00 7/20 717Balboa

8/17-18 8:00-4:00 7/27 717Balboa

8/26-27 8:00-4:00 8/5 717Balboa

8/17-18 8:00-4:00 7/27 717Balboa

8/26-27 8:00-4:00 8/5 717Balboa

8/20-21 8:00-4:00 7/30


8/24-25 8:00-4:00 8/3 717Balboa


Administrator. Panama Canal Commission Deputy Administrator
Manager, Public Relations Division
Manager, Local Media and Community Relations
Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 11:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are S6 by regular mail, $4 by regular mail for
students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 272-3202 for further
information or write the Public Relations Division, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or Balboa Heights, Panama.

Don't let bad vibrations at work get you down

The following note was taken from the Safety Division bulletin, "Safety Now."
Many employees operate equipment that generates intense vibrations, such as
jackhammers, impact tools, drills, etc. Continuous exposure to heavy vibrations can
result in permanent damage to muscles, tendons and nerves in various parts of the body,
especially the legs, arms and hands.
There are two ways to reduce vibration exposure one is to design equipment with
less vibration, and the other is to wear protective gear that will absorb much of the
Canal Commission employees assigned to operate vibrating equipment should be
provided with special gloves, wrist liners, grips, etc. Units may order these items
through division purchasing orders (DPO), routed through the Safety Division for
approval. Unit safety officers and industrial hygienists should be consulted prior to

Page 7

Fast reaction merits awards

A group of linehandlers recently received On-the-Spot awards for helping avoid an
accident between a transiting vessel and the towboat "McAuliffe." Standing from left
in the photo above, are linehandlers Enrique Querini, Olton Guy, Oscar Quintero,
Arturo De la Rosa, Di6genes Carrera and Jorge Gamboa. Kneeling are linehandlers
Hdctor Reina, Manuel E. Ortiz, Robert Small, Paulino Cdrdoba and Carlos Jaen. In
the picture below, beginning at left in the back row, are linehandlers Waldo Mosquera,
Luis B. Henriquez, Fernando Urriola, Sergio Gonzdlez, Jaime Gord6fdez and Julio E.
Labrador. In the front row are Jorge Morales, Marcos Arana, Sixto Ruiz, Leonardo
Aguilar, Angel Nfifez and Pablo Ledezma. The quick action of these employees helped
avoid personal injuries and material damage.
Photos by Jaime Yau and Harby Martinez


Division de Mantealmiento juega papel cla ve en la

operacidn eficiente y segura del Canal de Panama

El mantenimiento preventivo es un factor
crucial en el Canal de Panama y el trabajo que
realizan los empleados de la Divisi6n de
Mantenimiento juega un papel clave en la
operaci6n eficiente de la via acuatica. Desde
mantener las plantas de aire acondicionado y
tratamiento de agua potable hasta pintar las
torres de sefiales en el rompeolas de Crist6bal y
mantener y mejorar las estructuras y edificios
de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama en todo el
Istmo, la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento esta
presente en practicamehte todos los aspectos de
la operaci6n canalera.
en tres ramos Mantenimiento de Exteriores,
Mantenimiento de Interiores y Mantenimiento
de Servicios Piblicos.
"El Ramo de Mantenimiento de Exteriores
se encargade las estructuras", explic6el gerente
interino de este ramo, John Langman. Explic6
i .. _: : ; ; ,,. : :- .

que este ramo estA vinculado con trabajos de
equipo pesado, movimiento de tierra, control de
erosi6n, construcciones, mantenimiento de
muelles,rampas, tuberias de combustible, apoyo
alasplantasdegeneraci6nel6ctrica, trabajosde
hojalaterfa y soldadura y otras innumerables
tareas. Al comentar sobre la gran cantidad y
variedad de trabajo que surge cada dia, el Su-
pervisor de Construcci6n y Mantenimiento,
Charles Hinz, coment6: "No hay dos dias
iguales. No hay tiempo para aburrirse".
El Ramo de Mantenimiento de Interiores,
por otro lado, se dedica a trabajos de plomeria,
carpinterfa, albafiileria, techado, pintura,
ebanisteria y otros. "Muchas veces tenemos
que hacer cosas fuera de la rutina", dijo el
rotulistaEduardoDavidson. El personal deeste
ramo mantiene, repara y realiza proyectos de
mejoras en oficinas, talleres, edificios y en el
distrito que se le asigne.

Realizando ajustes
En lafoto superior el trabajador de estructuras de hierro, Orlando O. Diaz, al frente, y el
ayudante soldador, Guillermo Mezeno, del Ramo de Mantenimiento de Exteriores, remodelan
la rampa pablica en el lado norte de las Esclusas de Gatan para su mejor utilizaci6n. A la
derecha, los mecdnicos chapisteros del Ramo de Mantenimiento de Exteriores, Jorge Ruiloba,
en cuclillas, yBernardo Cisneros reparan las cubiertas de metal y la cabina de una locomotora
de las esclusas.

Making adjustments
In the photo above, Exterior Maintenance Branchstructural iron worker Orlando O. Diaz, in the
foreground, and assistant welder Guillermo Mezeno remodel the public boat ramp on the north
side of Gatun Locks. At right, Exterior Maintenance sheetmetal mechanics Jorge Ruiloba,
kneeling, and Bernardo Cisneros repair the metal cover and cab of a locks locomotive.

Manteniendo las instalaciones
En lafoto superior, el montador de tuberias
del Ramo de Mantenimiento de Servicios
Publicos, Marcos A. Odens, ajusta una de
las tuberias de la planta de tratamiento de
agua en Mount Hope. A la derecha,
empleados del Ramo de Mantenimiento de
Exteriores reconstruyen el techo delEdificio
5100 de la Divisi6n Industrial.
Facilities maintenance
In the photo above, Utilities Branch
pipefitter Marcos A. Odens adjusts one of
the pipes in the water treatment plant at
Mount Hope. At right, employees from the
Exterior Maintenance Branch rebuild the
roof of Industrial Division Building 5100.

En laportada
En la portada, los trabajadores de
estructuras de hierro, Juan Cano (sentado),
Carlos Noel, Alberto Caballero, el
trabajador de cemento, Jose Delgado, y el
soldador, Roy Herrera, reemplazan el
soporte de la tuberia principal de agua de
30 pulgadas que proviene de Paraiso.
In the cover
In the cover photo, structural iron workers
Juan Cano (seated), CarlosNoelandAlberto
Caballero; cement worker Jose Delgado;
and welder Roy Herrera replace a support
on the 30-inch main water line that comes
from Paraiso.

Trabajo especializado
Alaizquierda, elcarpinterodelRamo
de Mantenimiento de Interiores,
Miguel Navarro, talla el nombre del
remolcador "Gorgona". Abajo, los
montadores de tuberia, Jose Cortes,
izquierda, y Marcos A. Odens, del
Plblicos, ajustan las vdlvulas de
dosificaci6n de gas cloro de laplanta
de tratamiento de agua en Mount
Specialized work
At left, InteriorMaintenance carpen-
oftugboat "Gorgona." Below, Utili-
ties Branch pipefitters Jose Cortis,
left, and Marcos A. Odens adjust the
chlorine gasflowattheMountHope
water treatmentplant.

Maintenance Division plays key role

in Canal's effiient and safe operation

Preventive maintenance is a crucial part
of the Panama Canal, and the work done by
Maintenance Division employees plays a key
role in the efficient operation of the waterway.
From maintaining air condition and water
treatment plants to painting signal towers on
the Cristobal breakwater and maintaining and
improving Panama Canal Commission struc-
tures and buildings on both sides of the Isth-
mus, the Maintenance Division is involved in
almost all aspects of Canal operations.
The Maintenance Division is divided
into three maintenance branches Exterior,
Interior and Utilities.
"The Exterior Maintenance Branch is in
charge of structures," said John Langman, act-
ing manager for the branch. He explained that
the branch performs work involving in heavy
equipment, land movement, erosion control,
construction, dock maintenance, ramps, fuel
lines, electrical plant support and welding and
sheetmetal work as well as other innumerable
tasks. Commenting on the variety and amount
of work assigned each day, Construction and
Maintenance Section Supervisor Charles Hinz
commented, "There are never two days alike.

There's no time to be bored."
The Interior Maintenance Branch, on the
other hand, is in charge of plumbing, carpentry,
masonry, roofing, painting, woodworking and
otherprojects. "We are assigned alotof special
projects," said sign-painter Eduardo Davidson.
Branch personnel maintain, repair and carry out
improvement projects in the offices, shops and
buildings in their assigned districts.
The Utilities Maintenance Branch is re-
sponsible for producing and distributing
drinking water for both the Atlantic and Pa-
cific Canal areas as well as the cities of
Panama and Colon. Personnel operate, main-
tain and administrate all equipment involved
in this process. In addition, the branch oper-
ates the chilled water plant and all other units
that provide air conditioning for Canal Com-
mission buildings.
The Maintenance Division also supports
other divisions, including the Locks Divi-
sion, during periodic maintenance and repair
projects at the Canal locks.
The photographs on this page represent a
sample of the wide variety of activities and
dedication of Maintenance Division personnel.


Vol. XXXVI. NQ 14 Jueves 2 de julio de 1998

i ii

de Mantenlmia
la Dlvisidn de
reiDran u1a

;FAI -~

-- --


SDillwav del Canal de Panama

Jueves 2 de julio de 1998

Implementan nuevo enfoque para mantener equipos de esclusas

Por Susan Harp
Luego de esfuerzosparaestablecer sistemas
y procedimientos fijos, los empleados en las
Fsclusas de Miraflores estAn utilizando un
nuevo enfoque para ofrecer el mejor
El programapiloto se basa enel "anAlisis de la
rafz de la causa", mdtodo utilizado para
identificar la causa implicita, o la "raiz" de los
problemas del equipo y evitar que vuelvan a
"Nuestroproductoes mantenimiento", dijo
la primera electricista Sixta Rodriguez,
explicando que los mecAnicos toreros y
electricistas tienenquetrabajarrApido al reparar
ciertas clases de equipos de las esclusas para
evitar posiblesdemorasalas navesen trinsito.
"Ya estamos acostumbrados a trabajar bajo
presi6n y a resolver problemas, pero ahora
nuestra meta es reducir a un minimo absoluto
las demoras causadas por fallas en los equipos".
El enfoque se basa en hacer que el proceso de
mantenimiento funcione a niveles m~s altos de
Luego de implementarse un concepto
establecido primeramente por el Superin-
tendente interino de la Divisi6n de Esclusas en
el Pacifico, Ivan Lasso, el Gerente Interino de
Mantenimiento de las Esclusas de Miraflores,
EduardoHevia, aplic6conceptos que aprendi6

Discuten estrategias Foto por Jaime Yau
Varios miembros del grupo encargado de dar mantenimiento de calidad altequipo de
las Esclusas de Miraflores discuten la forma de reducir los requisitos de servicio de
mantenimiento de los cables de. las unidades de montacargas de las locomotoras.
Desde la izquierda aparecen el primer mecdnico tornero, Fernando Esquivel, el primer
electricista Jorge Mason, la primera electricista Sixta Rodriguez y el electricista Julio

De La Guardia.

en una sesi6n de adiestramiento de un
"programa de mantenimiento total", a las
necesidadesespecificas de las esclusas. Hevia,
Rodriguez y el primer mecfnico tornero

Fernando Esquivel, desarrollaron un diagrama
de fabricaci6n estindar para guiar a los
trabajadores al buscar la raiz de la causa del
problema. Tambi6n comenzaron a tener

reuniones tcnicas y sesiones de generaci6n de
ideas con el prop6sito de mejorar lacalidad del
mantenimiento de las esclusas.
Eldiagramade flujoestablece unasecuencia
de preguntas quedeben hacerse al investigarla
causa del problema. Las preguntas cubren el
tipo de mantenimiento preventivo dado a la
maquina, su horario de mantenimiento, una
comparaci6n de los procedimientos de
mantenimiento correctos versus los realizados,
la efectividad del horario de mantenimiento y
la rentabilidad de algin cambio sugerido para
evitar que los problemas se repitan.
"El diagrama de flujo y los sistemas de
generaci6n de ideas estAn logrando que los
artesanos que hacen el trabajo puedan sugerir
mejoras al sistemademantenimiento con mayor
facilidad", dijo Rodriguez. Asi da el ejemplo
de la investigaci6n realizada por el electricista
Julio De La Guardia del problema en una
locomotora de las esclusas que comenz6 con
un corto circuito en un foco. El problema
aparentemente sencillo mantenfa a la
locomotora fuera de servicio. En vez de s61o
reparar el circuito, De La Guardia revis6 todo
el sistema el6ctrico y sugiri6 que la adici6n de
fusibles permitirfa a todas las locomotoras de
las esclusas continuar trabajando cuando

ContinUa en la pdgina 4...

Premian empleados por su labor en

la divulgaci6n de efectos de El Nino

Por Maria Gabriela Guardia
En dias pasados el Ramo de Meteorologia
e Hidrografia de la Divisi6n de Ingenierfa
otorg6 premios inmediatos a cinco de sus
empleados por sus importantes contribuciones
enlarecopilaci6n ydivulgaci6ndeinformaci6n
sobre el fen6meno de El Niho, asi como al
monitoreo delmismo. Carlos Vargas, gerente
interino del Ramo de Meteorologia e
Hidrografia,describi6 alosgalardonados como
los heroes de El Nifto, ya que el servicio que
prestaron fue vital para tomar decisiones
precisas para contrarrestar los efectos del
El meteor6logo Jorge Espinosa fue
premiado por mantener bien informados a los
clientes y usuarios del Canal, a autoridades de
la Comisi6n y de la Autoridad del Canal, a
organizacionesprofesionales y alosmedios de
comunicaci6n a trav6s de numerosas charlas y
entrevistas sobre los efectos del fen6meno de
El Niio.
La hidr6loga supervisora, Siegelinde
Probst, recibi6 reconocimiento por propor-
cionar pron6sticos sobre los niveles de los
lagos Gatdn y Alhajuela de manera oportuna,
puntual, precisa y efectiva. Por otro lado, el
hidr6logo Manuel Vilar, fue premiado por dar
el apoyo necesario a Probst, al modificar y
adaptar los programas de computadora a las

variables necesariasparapronosticarlosniveles
de los lagos.
"El trabajo fue dificil, ya que la sequfa
no es un evento frecuente en el Canal y por
lo tanto no se miden con frecuencia sus
causas y efectos", dijo Vargas. Las
mediciones cuentan con muchas variables,
como: d6nde y cuAndo caen las lluvias,
cuanta agua se acumula en los lagos, cuintos
barcos pasan por el Canal, cuinta agua se
necesita para la operaci6n del Canal, cual
es el consumo de agua municipal, cuinta
agua se utiliza para generar energia
hidroel6ctrica, entre otras.
El hidr6logo supervisor, Luis Alvarado,
fue galardonado por su trabajo en el campo
para la ejecuci6n de la logistica necesaria para
la instalaci6n de cinco nuevas estaciones de
monitoreo de las lluvias y del estado
atmosf6rico. La logistica de campo incluy6 la
limpiezadelas areas deinstalaci6n, eltransporte
del equipo y personal y la contrataci6n de
helic6pteros,entreotros. El hidr61ogo Modesto
Echevers fue honrado por desarrollar mapas
computarizados de la cuenca hidrogrAfica que
indican areas Ilamadas poligonos de Thiesen,
loscualesayudan acalcularlalluviapromedio
a trav6s de procesos aritmdticos simples.
Tambi6n se reconoci6 su contribuci6n en la

Heroes de "El Nifio" Foto por Jaime Yau
Empleados del Ramo de Meteorologia e Hidrograffa de la Divisidn deIngenierfa recibieron
premios inmediatos por su importante contribucidn en la recopilaci6n y divulgaci6n de
informacidn sobre elfendmeno de "El Nifio ", ast como al monitoreo del mismo. Desde la
izquierda aparecen el meteordlogo Jorge Espinosa, los hidrdlogos supervisores Siegelinde
Probst y Luis Alvarado, y los hidrdlogos Manuel Vilar y Modesto Echevers.

instalaci6n de las nuevas estaciones, al
encargarse de hacer todos los contactos de
oficina, buscar proveedores de equipo,
seleccionar y probar el equipo y hacer las
ordenes de compra.
En la actualidad, tanto Echevers como Vilar
reciben un adiestramiento ofrecido por el
Servicio Nacional del Tiempo (National

Weather Service) de los Estados Unidos, el
instalaci6n de modelos hidrol6gicos desa-
rrollados por esa instituci6n para mejorar el
sistema de predicci6n hidrol6gica del Canal.
"Este proyecto de indole t6cnico y cientifico
nos vaapermitiradministrarelrecursohidrico
de forma mAs eficiente", concluy6 Vargas.

Amplian criterios, aceptan nominaciones para premios por servicio public

La ceremonia del Premio Honorario por
Servicio Pdblico generalmente se celebra du-
rante los primeros meses del aio. Sin em-
bargo, este afio ha sido pospuesta para ampliar
los criterios de este prestigioso premio, en un
esfuerzo por permitir mayor reconocimiento a
las contribuciones voluntarias ejemplares y el
servicio a la comunidad. Por lo tanto, la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama estA buscando
nominaciones para el Premio Honorario por
Servicio Piblico.
Bajo los nuevos criterios, se reconocerd a
los empleados de la Comisi6n que donen su
tiempo y esfuerzos personales para realizar
contribuciones voluntarias significativas a la
Comisi6n, cualquier agencia federal en el area
del Canal u organizaci6n de caridad en Panamai.

Bajo los nuevos criterios, se reconocera el
servicio comunitario voluntario de los
empleados de la Comisi6n, no s6lo a la
comunidad del area canalera, sino tambi6n a
cualquier comunidad en la Reptblica de
Panama. Los criterios para otorgar el premio
a empleados u organizaciones ajenos a la
Comisi6n siguen siendo los mismos. Estos
seguirin siendo reconocidos por sus contri-
buciones voluntarias sobresalientes o su
servicioalaComisi6n, otras agencias federales
en el area canalera o la comunidad canalera.
Los actos o contribuciones que se merecen este
premio incluyen los siguientes:
1. Servicio ejemplar en la capacidad de
asesor de la Comisi6n o programa de la
comunidad del drea canalera, organizaci6n

voluntaria, proyecto o comit6;
2. AsistenciadirectaalaComisi6natrav6s
deacciones o ideas tiles queayuden aeliminar
o minimizar problemas, o contribuci6n activa
en la realizaci6n de la misi6n de la Comisi6n;
3. Asistenciasignificativaalaorganizaci6n
del Canal o a la comunidad del Area canalera,
a trav6s del uso de instalaciones, equipo o
4. Actos valientes o her6icos,
5. Contribuciones significativas en forma
de presentaciones voluntarias o consultas
valiosas; y
6. Contribuciones voluntarias significativas
para el mejoramiento de cualquier comunidad
en Panama.
Las nominaciones deben entregarse por

escrito con una descripci6n especffica de las
contribuciones voluntarias realizadas por el
candidato y los beneficios que se derivan de
sus contribuciones. AdemAs, las nominaciones
deben incluir una hoja de presentaci6n con el
nombre, cargo, lugar de trabajo, ndmeros de
tel6fono de la casa y la oficina y direcci6n
postal del candidato y de quien lo nomina. Se
puede entregar informaci6n adicional con las
nominaciones. Todas las nominaciones deben
enviarse al Departamento de Recursos
Humanos antes del 30 dejulio de 1998. Las
nominaciones hechas en enero de 1998 no
deberin enviarse nuevamente, pues se
considerarAn junto con las nuevas. Para mis
informaci6n, Ilame a la Divisi6n de Programas
y Politicas de Personal al 272-3466.

DPaina 2

agm r- - I-I -

Jueves 2 de iulio de 1998

Spillway del Canal de Panami

Agencia evalula diferentes opciones para construcci6n de esclusas

Una camara de las esclusas del Canal de Panama puede
parecer impresionantemente grande, en especial si se mira
desde la perspectiva de camara seca durante un reacon-
dicionamiento de esclusas. Sin embargo, hoy por hoy, muchas
de las naves que utilizan la viaacuatica atraviesan estas camaras
de las esclusas con s6lo dos pies de por medio en cada lado.
Estas grandes naves se conocen como PANAMAX, pues son
construidas al tamafio maximo que pueden acomodar las
esclusas del Canal. En la actualidad, 6stas constituyen 30 por
ciento de las naves que transitan el Canal de Panama.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, siempre comprometida
en satisfacer la creciente demanda del trafico, y con la visi6n de
expandirlacapacidad del Canal paraofrecerserviciovirtualmente
a todas las naves del mundo, realiza actualmente un estudio de
tres aios paraevaluardiferentes opciones paralaconstrucci6n de
nuevas esclusas y fuentes de suministro de agua en el Canal de
Panama. El proyecto es conducido y dirigido por la reci6n
establecida Oficinade Proyectos de Expansi6n del Canal, la cual
reporta directamente al Administrador de la Comisi6n del Canal
de Panama.
Pero esta idea no es ni nueva ni reciente. El 11 de agosto de
1939, el Congreso de los Estados Unidos aprob6 la construcci6n
de un tercer juego de esclusas, debido a la amenaza de un
bombardeoenlas esclusasexistentes y paramejorar y aumentar
su capacidad. Este proyecto incluiria el diseflo y construcci6n

de nuevas esclusas no muy alejadas de las esclusas existentes.
Los trabajos de excavaci6n se iniciaron en julio de 1940, y el
trabajo continu6 a maxima velocidad hasta mayo de 1942. Sin
embargo, el proyecto fue demorado por la II Guerra Mundial y
eventualmente detenido a finales de 1947.
El actual estudio de la Comisi6n tiene como puntos de
referencia una variedad de informes pasados y un estudio
terminado en 1993 por los gobieros de los Estados Unidos,
PanamA y Jap6n, conocido como Comisi6n Tripartita para el
Estudio de Alternativas al Canal de Panama. El actual estudio
incorporaratecnologiay metodologfadeconstrucci6n avanzada,
lo cual resultara en altemativas menos costosas. El estudio de la
Comisi6n tambi6n incluira andlisis detallados de fuentes de agua,
aligualqueanAlisis t6cnicos, econ6micos y financieros completos.
El gerente de proyectos de la Oficina de Proyectos de
Expansi6n, Agustin A. Arias, dijo: "La iniciativa del tercer
juego de esclusas es un proyecto muy complicado". Explic6
que, ademas de considerar esclusas de diversos tamafios, el
estudio examinara sistemas alternos para elevar y bajar las
naves, tales como elevadores acuaticos. Se realizaran estudios
de factibilidad completos incluyendo analisis de medio
ambiente y mercado- y se desarrollarAn disefios conceptuales
para cada alternativa viable. Los resultados seran utilizados por
la Comisi6n para seleccionar el mejor proyecto de alterativas
y para obtener el capital necesario. En afios venideros, la

prohibici6n de incurrir en deudas no se aplicara al Canal, por lo
que el proceso de financiar mejoras mayores a la via acuatica
sera mas flexible. Esto permitira a la organizaci6n del Canal
proporcionar un mejor y mas extenso servicio a sus clientes.
Las alternativas tipo esclusas bajo estudio cubren una
variedad de posibilidades, incluyendo camaras mas pequefias
que las que operan ahora en el Canal; camaras de tamaiio
similar; camaras de largo y ancho similar, pero con un calado
mis profundo; camaras mis grandes que acomoden a naves
entre 100,000 y 120,000 toneladas de peso muerto; y camaras
mucho mas grandes para transitos de naves de hasta 250,000
toneladas de peso muerto.
La Comisi6n tambi6n examinara numerosas opciones para
obtenerel agua adicional requerida para apoyarlaoperaci6n de
las nuevas esclusas, incluyendo la profundizaci6n del Lago
Gatin, la construcci6n de nuevas represas y sistemas para
ahorrar agua y reciclaje de agua durante esclusajes. Una vez
tomada una decisi6n sobre las mejores altemativas para el
proyecto, laopci6n masviableser seleccionadaeimplementada
para satisfacer los requerimientos adicionales de agua.
Se ha desarrollado un plan para conducir el estudio, y ya se
ha comenzado a trabajar en muchas de las tareas requeridas. La
Comisi6n espera tener los aspectos t6cnicos del estudio listos en
unos dos afios. Los planes de construcci6n se desarrollaran
entonces y la construcci6n en si la realizarin contratistas.

Firman acuerdo Foto por Armando De Gracia
Recientemente se realiz en el Saln de la Directivadel Edificio deAdministraci6n del Canal lafirma del nuevo convenio colectivo de negociaci6n
del sindicato de bomberos. Sentados aparecen, desde la izquierda, el Presidente de la Asociacidn Internacional de Bomberos (IAFF), Local
13, Antonio Gonzdlez; el Administrador del Canal, Alberto Alemdn Zubieta; el Subadministrador Joseph W. Comelison; y el Especialista en
Relaciones Laborales, Frank Botello. Depie, desde la izquierda, aparecen el Gerente de la Divisidn de Seguridaddel Canal, Raymond Brayton;
los representantes del IAFF, Oliverio Beckles, Victor Colona, Juan Carlos De Le6n, Willis Small, Jr. y Jos6 Garcia; el Director Asociado de
Relaciones Laborales, Michael N. Stephenson; Abel Gutidrrez y Rodolfo Herrera, del IAFF; la Especialista en Relaciones Laborales, Linda J.
Eberenz; la OficialAdministrativa delRamo de Respuesta a Emergencias, Zunilda White; la Gerente delRamo de Empleoy Colocaci6n, Carmen
McSween; la Gerente de la Divisidn de Relaciones Laborales, Ana Maria de Chiquilani; el Gerente delRamo de Respuesta a Emergencias, Billy
A. Quir6s; el Director de Operaciones Maritimas, Rene Van Hoorde; y el Director de Recursos Humanos, George A. Mercier.

Eliminan restricci6n de calado

Luego de 109 dias de restringir el calado de
las naves en trinsito debido al fen6meno deEl
Nino, el Canal de Panama anunci6 el 29 de
junio laeliminaci6n de todas las restricciones
de calado a partir del 30 dejunio, restituyendo
asialanormalidadelcalado mximo autorizado
de 12.04 metros (39.5 pies).
"Nos sentimos muy complacidos de poder
anunciar esta medida, especialmente porque
beneficia a nuestros usuarios", declar6 el
Administrador de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama, Alberto Aleman Zubieta. "Hemos
estado observando cuidadosamente las
condiciones climatol6gicas y los niveles del
Lago Gatin, para garantizar transitos
seguros, a la vez que haciamos lo posible por
disminuir las restricciones a medida que
mejoraba la situaci6n", aiadi6.
Alreconocer el mrito de"losprofesionales
deprimera" que manejaron las operaciones tan
eficazmente durante este dificil period,
Aleman Zubieta dijo estar especialmente
orgulloso"porque eliminamos las restricciones
tres meses antes de lo que habiamos
Los pron6sticos de corto y largo plazo
realizados en febrero indicaron que las
restricciones de calado en el Canal de Panama

empezarfan a aliviarse mas o menos en junio,
y seesperabanormalizarelcaladoen septiembre
u octubre de 1998. El inicio de la temporada
lluviosa antes de lo esperado, sumado a las
medidas de ahorro de agua, permitieron que el
Canal empezara a aumentar el calado el 28 de
abril, cuando lo aument6de 10.82 metros (35.5
pies) a 11.11 metros (36.5 pies).
La severidad de El Niio caus6 en 1997-
1998 la peor sequfa de los dltimos 150 afios.
La merma en las lluvias en la cuenca del
Canal, con la consiguiente baja en el nivel
del Lago Gatdn, oblig6 al Canal a restringir
el calado de las naves en transito. La primera
restricci6n de calado se aplic6 el 12 de
marzo. Las reducciones escalonadas
subsiguientes Ilevaron el calado maximo
autorizado al nivel mas bajo de 10.82 metros
(35.5 pies) del 19 al 28 de abril.
La dltima vez que el Canal impuso
restricciones de calado fue hace 14 afios,
en 1983, tambi6n debido al fen6meno de
El Niio.
El calado maximo autorizado es el punto
mis profundo de inmersi6n en agua dulce
tropical permitido a una nave en el Lago Gatin.
La densidad del agua en el Lago Gattin es de
0.99954 a 29.4 grados C y 85 grados F.

Colocan compuertaflotante Foto por Danny Uselton
Personal de la Comisidn del Canal de Panamd coloca la compuertaflotante en la via oeste
de las Esclusas de Gatan en preparaci6n para los trabajos en cdmara seca. La compuerta
flotante bloquea la entrada de la cdmara, loque permite secarla para realizar reparaciones
en los mecanismos de las compuertas ubicados en elpiso de la cdmara. Los empleados han
estado realizando trabajos de mantenimiento y reparacidn en las tres esclusas desde el 22
dejunio. Los trabajos estdn programados para terminarse el 3 dejulio a la medianoche.

Pigina 3

Junta Directiva del

Canal se reutne el 17

de julio en Panama
La siguiente reuni6n trimestral
de la Junta Directiva de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama se realizara el
17 de julio en el Edificio de
Administraci6n del Canal dePanamA.
Los temas de la agenda incluyen
una revisi6n de los presupuestos de
operaci6n y el programa de inver-
siones para los afios fiscales 1998-
2000, ademas de informes del
Administrador de la Comisi6n,
Alberto Aleman Zubieta, el Jefe de
Finanzas, Ricaurte A. Vasquez, y el
Secretario John A. Mills. La
directiva tambi6n escuchara un
informe del Subadministrador Jo-
seph W. Cornelison sobre el Plan
Maestro de la Transici6n de la
Comisi6n, asi como informes de
dos de sus comit6s permanentes -
Audito y Transici6n.

---`--- -- -~~- -- ,-- --

Soillwav del Canal de Panama

Jueves 2 de julio de 1998

Nave en pos de nuevo record

mundial transita la via acuatica

Por Susan Harp
La lancha de carreras Cable and Wireless
Adventurer transit6 el Canal de Panama el 16
de junio durante su 58o. dia de intento por
circunnavegar el mundo en s61o 80 dias. En
una carrera contra el tiempo inspirada por la
novela de Julio Verne, Alrededor del mundo
en 80 dias, la nave de tres cascos tambi6n
intentaromperelr6cordestablecidoen 1960por
el submarino nuclear estadounidense Triton.
de Gibraltar el 19 de abril en un viaje de 26,000
millas hacia el este a trav6s del Mar
Mediterrineo y el Canal de Suez y alrededor de
Indonesia hasta Hong Kong, Hawaii y Califor-
nia, antes dellegaraPanami. Lanavemide 114
pies de largo por 46 pies de manga, y, sin
embargo, sutripulaci6nde 16personascomparte
un espacio que mide la mitad de la manga. El
disefiodesu cascodepocaresistencialepermite
recorrer largas distancias con una cantidad
relativamente pequefia de combustible -
alrededor del mismo millaje de un autom6vil.
El lider del proyecto, Jock Wishart,
comenz6 a planear y construir el Adventurer
hace seis afios con el apoyo de las compafiias
Cable and Wireless y British Petroleum. Un
reconocido aventurero, Wishart actualmente
campe6n Drag6n Europeo de lanchas de
carrera, ha competido a trav6s del Oc6ano
Atlantico en un bote de remos y fue miembro
delprimerequipoquecamin6 sin apoyo alguno

por el Polo Geomagn6tico del Norte. En
Panama, dijo: "A pesar de que tenemos miles
de millas por recorrer, realizar el transito porel
Canal de Panama es un verdadero logro para
Martin Jourdan, un hombre de negocios de
las afueras de Londres, es uno de los siete
voluntarios escogidos de entre unos 340
solicitantes para participar en la carrera. Los
candidatos hicieron una serie de examenes
parajuzgar su compatibilidad con el pequeiio
espacio de la nave. Jourdan dijo que aquellos
escogidos parecen compartir un afecto por la
gente, mucha energia y buena capacidad de
Especul6 que la f6rmula conform6 un grupo
que pudiese Ilevarse bien con los lideres del
proyecto, yaqueestostienenunrol masagresivo
en la carrera. La f6rmula ha funcionado y
Jourdan dijo que su dato mis importante para
sobrevivir es dormir lo adecuado, ya que la
tripulaci6n debe estar alerta durante las 4 a 6
horas de sus turnos.
"Lagrandezadel mar yelcielofueincreible.
Los cielos del norte de Inglaterra no son como
los del Pacifico", dijo refiri6ndose a la travesia
de Hong Kong a California. Cuando fue
interrogado sobre el por qu6 de ser voluntario
en un proyecto que involucraba incomodidad
y mucho trabajo, dijo: "No quiero estar a punto
de morir y arrepentirme por no haber hecho
cosas que tuve la oportunidad de hacer".

En pos de un record Foto por Roger Guerra
El "Cable and Wireless Adventurer" avanza por las Esclusas de Miraflores durante su
trdnsito hacia el norte del Canal de Panamd. La nave, equipada con dos motores Cummins
turbo-diesel de 350 caballos de fuerza, transit la via acudtica como parte de su recorrido

alrededor del mundo.

La Dra. Melinda Breckness, m6dico de la
tripulaci6n, se especializa en medicina de
urgencia y ha trabajado en equipos de rescate
en helic6pteros y circuitos de carrera de lanchas
rapidas. S61o reporta una urgencia m6dica
seria durante el viaje antes de Ilegar a Panama;
a un miembro de la tripulaci6n le dio meningi-
tis viral y se tuvo que quedar en Hawaii. El
clima caliente tambi6n caus6 salpullido y
peligro de deshidrataci6n.
ElAdventureres conducido por el Capitan
Ian Bosworth, cuyo trabajo regular es pilotear
una nave de cableado de Cable and Wireless.
Refiri6ndose a la tripulaci6n, dijo: "Han sido
realmente maravillosos, ha sido muy divertido
navegar con ellos y he disfrutado su humor".
Una nave similar, pero mas pequefia, el

Revolution, intent6 romper el mismo record a
principios de este afio en un viaje hacia el oeste.
Desafortunadamente, luego de transitar el Ca-
nal, golpe6 contra un arrecife en la costa de
Nicaragua y abort6 elintento. Al momento en
que estaedici6n del Spillway fue a laimprenta,
el Adventurer atravesaba una tormenta en el
Atlintico, y Wishart expres6 que dudaba
poder llegar exitosamente a Gibraltar el 3
dejulio para romper el record debido al mal
tiempo. La informaci6n actualizada se
puede obtener en el sitio de Internet
Antes de salir de la via acuatica en junio,
Wishart dijo: "Espero que de tener 6xito, en el
futuro vean mas de estas naves raras y
maravillosas pasar por sus aguas".

Estudiantes panamenos participan en programa de clase presidencial

Por Yira A. Flores
Para una joven estudiante de 16 afios, el
poder conocer al Presidente de los Estados
Unidos y a parte de su gabinete, ademas de
conocerdecercael funcionamientodelgobierno
federal de la primera potencia mundial, es una
experiencia dificil de olvidar. Esta oportunidad
la tendra Laura Cham, hija de dos funcionarios
de la Comisi6n del Canal, cuando parta hacia
Washington D.C. el 4 de julio, Dia de la
Independencia de Estados Unidos.
Laura, hija del ingeniero de la Divisi6n de
Mantenimiento Winston Cham y la progra-
madora de sistemas de la Divisi6n de
Procesamiento de Informaci6n Cecilia Cham,
participard en la Cumbre Mundial de Futuros
fideresdentrodel ProgramaClasePresidencial
de los Estados Unidos.
El programa, abierto desde 1968, estA mas
enfocado a los estudiantes de los Estados
Unidos, los cuales pueden solicitar participar
siempre y cuando tengan un promedio minimo
de B y est6n entre el 25 por ciento de los
mejores estudiantes de su clase. Tambi6n
pueden ser nominados por profesores,
congresistas, senadores y otras autoridades.
Pero este afio, por medio de una gesti6n del
DespachodelaPrimeraDamay dela Embajada
de Panama en Washington D.C., Panama fue
vez, con diez cupos para estudiantes de
diferentes escuelas en el pais.
A trav6s del Instituto Nacional para la
Formaci6n y el Aprovechamiento de los
escuelas delpaisaparticipar. Seseleccion6alos
mejores estudiantes de los diferentes planteles,
asistir a una entrevista en la que respondieron a
preguntas improvisadas en ingl6s y espaliol ante
un jurado. La madre de Laura cuenta que
ningunosabiaporqu6estabanall, niquetendrian
que responder a preguntas que sacarfan al azar
de una cajita.
Para Laura, del Colegio Javier, la primera
pregunta fue qu6 cualidades desearfa ella
encontrar en un lider, y la segunda, en ingl6s,
fue c6mo se sentia al poder participar del
programa. De su colegio habian seleccionado

Estudiantes de Clase Presidencial Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Los diet estudiantes de diferentes colegios delpais queparticipardn en el Programa de la Clase
Presidencial de los Estados Unidos observan el mapa topogrdfico del CanaldePanamd durante

una visita reciente a las Esclusas de Miraflores.
Canal, aparece tercera desde la izquierda.
a dos estudiantes y fue mis tarde que le dijeron
a Laura que habia ganado la oportunidad de
viajar a Washington bajo el programa.
A partir de esa fecha comenzaron los
tramites para el viaje, de los cuales se ha
encargado el IFARHU. "A nosotros s6lo nos
pidieron que tuvi6ramos el pasaporte y la visa
para los Estados Unidos al dia", explic6 la
sefiora Cham. El Despacho de la Primera
Dama esta patrocinando la actividad,
conjuntamente con la empresa privada.
Durante los diltimos dias, los estudiantes
seleccionados se han reunido en el IFARHU,
donde reciben orientaci6n sobre el programa
y se preparan para participar en 61. Eljueves
pasado, se realiz6 una ceremonia de entrega
de credenciales en esa instituci6n, donde la
Primera Dama de la Repdblica, Dora Boyd de
P6rez Balladares, se dirigi6 a los estudiantes
y a sus padres y les entreg6 los documentos
necesarios para su viaje.
El pasado viernes, los diez estudiantes,
acompafiados por el Asistente de la Direcci6n
del Departamento de Relaciones Interna-
cionales, Cooperaci6n y Asistencia T6cnica del
IFARHU, Alejandro Mendoza, visitaron las
Esclusas de Miraflores para aprender nuevas
facetas de la operaci6n del Canal y repasar otras

Laura Cham, dependiente de la Comisidn del

ya conocidas, lo que les servira en su viaje al
Desde su primer dia en Washington
debates sobre diversos temas, asistencia a
audiencias del Congreso, una gira privada de la
Casa Blanca, giras al Capitolio y a la Corte
Suprema de Justicia. Todos los estudiantes se
hospedaran en la Universidad de Georgetown.
Laura cuenta que espera poder aprender en
Washington mucho sobre las relaciones
politicas de Panama, no s6lo con los Estados
Unidos, sino con el resto del mundo, y agrega
que este tipo de programas es importante para
aprender las relaciones politicas, culturales y
sociales de todo el mundo.
Los padres deLaura estAn emocionados por
el viaje, y agregan que se sienten muy orgullosos
y contentos de que su hijapueda aprovecharesta
experiencia. Al explicar que Laura esta en su
plena adolescencia, su madre dijo: "Ademds de
convivir con chicos de diferentes pauses, todo lo
que vera le ayudara mucho a ganar confianza y
a desarrollar mas sus aptitudes".
Sin embargo, el geniecillo amante de los
estudios corre por las venas de la familia
Cham. Los cuatro hijos de los Cham, dos
varones y dos nitias, todos se han inclinado por

las ciencias y las matematicas. Los primeros
tres son egresados del Colegio Javier y Laura
estA por graduarse; los dos varones son
egresados de la escuela de ingenieria de Geor-
gia Tech University y han hecho su maestria en
Stanford University, y la otra hija estudia
arquitectura en Georgia Tech. Laura tiene
planes de estudiar ingenieria, tambi6n fuera de
Al preguntarle qu6 mensaje le daria a los
demas estudiantes panameiios, Laura dijo:
"Que se sigan esforzando en sus estudios,
porque pienso quelos estudios son laparte mas
importante de nuestrajuventud". Agreg6 que:
"Somos el futuro de nuestro pais y pienso que
con el esfuerzo y el empefio que le damos al
estudiocontribuimos al dsarrollo de Panama".
Para algunos, estudiar duro y ser buen
estudiante durante toda la vida escolar puede
parecer un gran sacrificio, pero al ver las
oportunidades que esto nos brinda, como la
que estos diez estudiantes panamefios han
recibido por sus esfuerzos, bien merece la
pena sacrificarse.

Equipos de esclusas
... viene de la pdgina 2
ocurran estos pequefios desperfectos
Rodriguez dijo que, al utilizarel anilisis
de rafz de la causa, estin descubriendo que
la causa de muchos problemas es la falta de
seguir procedimientos de mantenimiento
establecidos, lo que puede ser corregido de
forma relativamente facil con sesiones de
adiestramiento de repaso. Luego de imple-
mentar el enfoque de diagrama de flujo,
Rodriguez y Esquivel dicen que notaron
una diferencia de inmediato estuvieron
mis de 20 dias seguidos sin demoras en los
transitos por problemas del equipo.
"El enfoque es rentable porque, al
identificarlaraiz delacausa, seevita que se
repitan los problemas que causan demoras
a los trinsitos y costos de reparaci6n, y
aumenta la disponibilidad de los equipos",
dijo Hevia.

PDaina &

I ug"'U r

Jueves 2 de iulio de 1998

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Pareja canalera deriva mucha

satisfaccion de pasatiempo

Por Teresa Arosemena
El orgullo y carifio que el Gerente de
Administraci6n de la Transici6n, Jaime A.
Bocanegra, y su esposa, la contadora admi-
nistrativa, Maritza Fong, sienten por dos
miembros muy especiales de su familia es
realmente notable. Y es que Duquesa, una
Rottweiler de dos afios y cuatro meses, y Prin-
cess, una Pastora Alemin de un afio y diez
meses, llenan el tiempo libre de estos dos
funcionarios de la Comisi6n del Canal.
A diferencia de otros tipos de pasatiempo,
a cambio de lacanofilia. "Es un pasatiempo que
te ayuda a crecer humanamente en cuanto a
disciplinaycompromiso",dijoBocanegra. Fong
agreg6: 'Te vaensefiandoaintegraralafamilia
sanamente porque todos participan".
Ambos dicen sentirse muy orgullosos por
el comportamiento impecable de sus perras y
por los numerosos premios que 6stas han
obtenido por su participaci6n en diversos
concursos. "Las queremos como hijas", agreg6
Fong. Al explicar las diferentes persona-
lidades de las perras, Fong dijo: "Princess es
inquieta, traviesa, tierna y carifiosa". Por su
parte, Bocanegra asegur6: "Duquesa es mis
dominante, cuidadora, celosa y reservada".
Para esta pareja todo comenz6 con el
deseo de tener una mascota en la casa.
Escogieron a la mejor Rottweiler de su
camada, llenaron todos los papeles necesarios
y le consiguieron un instructorpara ejercitarla
en obediencia y ataque. Luego adquirieron a
Princess y siguieron los mismos pasos.
En abril del afio pasado, ambas perras
participaron por primera vez en dos expo-
siciones internacionales en donde Duquesa
gan6 el premio como mejor hembra Rottweiler
mientras que Princess gan6 el premio al Mejor
Cachorro. Esto fue s6lo el principio de una
serie de logros. Desde entonces Duquesa y
Princess han ganado innumerables premios, y
agregado mAs y mas reconocimientos a su

historial de triunfos.
Princess ha ganado en tres ocasiones el
premio al MejorPerro de laExposici6n, como
cachorroyperrojoven. Duquesaporsuparte,
se ha mantenido invicta como mejor hembra
Rottweiler, convierti6ndose en Campeona
Panamefia el afio pasado y tiene los puntos
necesarios para competir como Campeona
Internacional. Su iltimo logro fue en mayo
de 1998 cuando fue escogida como Mejor
Perro Panamefio de la Exposici6n.
Bocanegra explic6 que cuando se
aproxima una competencia, a estas dos perras
las someten a una dieta especial de acuerdo a
su peso. Ademis, su instructor, Abraham
Villarreal, intensifica el entrenamiento justo
antes de la competencia. Bocanegra seiial6:
"Cada perro se juzga por competencias de
conformaci6n". Explic6 que existen
estAndares de un ideal fisico, segin larazadel
perro, y los mismos se juzgan de acuerdo a
estos parimetros. Luego de ser evaluados, el
juez les otorga puntos para campe6n nacional
einternacional. Esdecir, quepueden participar
en cada uno de estos niveles.
Ademas de ser mentores ejemplares,
Bocanegra y Fong tambi6n buscan el "novio"
ideal para Duquesa. Para ello viajaron a
Costa Rica, porque su intenci6n es mejorar la
raza de Duquesaal cruzarla con un Rottweiler
de ascendencia alemana.
Estos dos funcionarios de la Comisi6n del
Canal consideran que una de las mejores
maneras para tener a un campe6n es escoger
selectivamente. Por ende, ellos aconsejan
que la selecci6n de un perro debe hacerse con
mucho cuidado y de acuerdo a los gustos y
preferencias de los duefios. "Los perros son
como los colores, hay para todos los gustos",
dijoBocanegra. Tanto BocanegracomoFong
exhortan a todos aquellos con perros de buen
pedigrf a que los registren en el Club Canino
de Panama y los inscriban en las competencias
locales e internacionales.

El Gerente de Administracidn de la Transicidn, Jaime A. Bocanegra, y su esposa, la
contadora administrativa, Maritza Fong, posan alegremente con la campeona CH Doria
de Agab (Duquesa), izquierda, y Princess luego de una competencia reciente en la que
ambas perras resultaron ganadoras.

Lista de vacantes

Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Para hacer su solicitud,
deberan presentar el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, a mds tardar el pr6ximo viernes al Ramo
de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n.
Aquellos escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un puesto designado para prueba al azar por
drogas, deberdn someterse a una prueba de urindlisis para descartar el uso de drogas ilegales antes del
nombramiento o del cambio de puesto permanente.
Para algunos puestos de series de intervalos de un grado donde no existe puesto en la linea de
ascenso normal, los empleados permanentes podrdn calificar con un mfnimo de un ailo de experiencia
especializada en puestos en el primer o segundo nivel inmediatamente inferior.
Al tratarse de acciones que no sean ascensos, los solicitantes serdn calificados en base arequisitos
modificados cuando su historial incluya experiencia especializada que suministre las habilidades
necesarias para desempefiar exitosamente el puesto.
Las pruebas de que el solicitante califica para requisitos especificos de la posici6n (como saber
nadar y tener licencia de conducir), deben archivarse en el Archivo Oficial del Empleado o incluirse
con el Formulario 443.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y mtximas de pago por hora,
correspondientes a los grados de las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados seran
colocados en el escal6n, grado y tarifa basica salarial correspondientes de conformidad con los
Los solicitantes podran revisar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos
de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama (Edificio 38, Balboa).
Para mas informaci6n, llame al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones al 272-3583.

Puestos permanentes
Ingeniero interdisciplinario, NM-1212
(Bilingue. Debe saber nadar y tener
licencia de conducir).
Ingeniero civil supervisor, NM- 12 3
(Debe saber espafiol, nadar y tener
licencia de conducir).
Analista de presupuesto, NM-1 '
Procesador de planchas litogrificas,
Oficinista de automatizaci6n, NM-4 1
Oficinista de automatizaci6n, NM-4'
(Bilingue. Debe tener licencia de
Despachador de materiales, MG-5
(Es preferible que sepa ingl6s).







Ascensos temporales (que no excedan un afio)
Ingeniero estructural supervisor, $25.45/$33.08
NM-13 (Debe saber nadar y tener
licencia de conducir).
Oficial administrativo, NM-9 4 $14.76/$19.19
Operador de equipo de ingenieria, $14.61/$17.04
MG-10 1 (Debe saber nadar y tener
licencia de conducir).
Asistente de c6mputo, NM-7 '5 $12.07/$15.68
(Debe tener licencia de conducir).
SSolo se considerard a empleados de la Comisi6n.

Afianzan tkcnicas de rescate acuddico Foto por Jaime Yau
Ticnicos de urgencias mddicas del Ramo de Respuesta a Emergencias de la Comisi6n del
Canal afianzan tecnicas de rescate acudtico en la piscina de Los Rios, como parte del
programa de educacidn medica continua. Los cursos se dictaron durante el mes de junio
los dias 3 y 24 en el Atldntico y 4 y 11 en el Pacifico.

Oper. Mar.


Oper. Mar.
Rel. Ptb.

Rel. Pib.

Adiest. y

Sitio Vacantes
P 1

Apoyo Oper. P



Respuesta a

2 Esta es una posici6n interdisciplinaria, clasificable en cualquiera de las siguientes disciplinas de la
ingenierfa: civil 810; mecAnica 830; el6ctrica/electr6nica 850/855; o industrial 896.
3 Debe tener licencia para operar botes a motor.
4 Se podra seleccionar a tres solicitantes por un periodo que no exceda los cuatro meses cada uno.
Debe tener conocimientos sobre relaciones laborales y con los empleados.
5 Debe tener conocimientos de programaci6n de microcomputadoras en sistemas de administraci6n
de bases de datos, como FoxPro, DBase, Clipper o FoxBase. Debe conocer programas de control de
redes, como Novell.

La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama se ajusta a la Ley de Igualdad de Oportunidades.

Pigina 5

I _

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Jueves 2 de julio de 1998

Acci6n oportuna de empleado

salva lancha rapida Talingo

Por Teresa Arosemena
Una actitud positiva y cooperadorapuede
Ilevarnos a obtener grandes resultados.
Recientemente, la rdpida acci6n y sentido de
responsabilidaddel operadorde lancha, Efrain
Pandales, ayud6 en el rescate de la lancha
Talingo, que estuvo a punto de hundirse en el
area de la Divisi6n de Dragado.
La Talingo, una lancha rdpida propiedad
del Ramo de Control de Vegetaci6n AcuBtica
y Contaminaci6n, se encontraba amarrada en
un muelle de la Divisi6n de Dragado. La
lancha estaba a punto de hundirse cuando el
marino Luis Rivera, de laDivisi6n de Dragado,
notific6 a Pandales, quien afortunadamente
habia llegado mucho antes del inicio de su
turno, sobre la critica situaci6n.
"Al llegar al Area donde la lancha estaba
amarrada, la popa y los dos motores fuera de
borda estaban practicamente sumergidos",
indic6 Pandales. "Analic6 la situaci6n y de
inmediato tom6 la determinaci6n de salvar la
lancha", agreg6.
Pandales explic6 que primero procedi6 a
amarrar la proa de la lancha al muelle para
prevenir que la misma se hundiese ain mAs.
Luego, utilizando un salvavidas, verific6 que
"Finalmente, tom6 un tanque de cinco galones
de otra lancha y lo us6 para remover el agua de

la Talingo", agreg6.
Una vez asegurada la lancha, Pandales le
inform6 a su supervisor y al personal del
Ramo de Control de Vegetaci6n Acuitica y
Contaminaci6n sobre el incidente.
"Fue mi propia iniciativa y ese es un
equipo que necesita el Canal", dijo Pandales.
Gracias a la acci6n y actitud positiva de
Pandales, quien atendi6 el incidente antes del
inicio de su turno de trabajo, se previno el
hundimiento de la lancha Talingo.
Al referirse a la acci6n de Pandales, el
bi6logo del Ramo de Vegetaci6n Acuitica y
Control de Contaminaci6n, Jos6 Maturell,
sefial6: "Esa es la actitud que se requiere.
Todo lo que sucede le compete a todos y para
nosotros es importante promoveresa actitud".
Pandales asegura que la experiencia de
trabajar en el Canal por mis de diez afios lo ha
llevado a apreciar los recursos del Canal. "A
trav6s del tiempo me di cuenta que esa lancha
eramuy importante paranuestrodepartamento.
cantidad de servicio. La idea es que tenemos
que mantener bien el Canal para poder prestar
un buen servicio al mundo", dijo.
Este acto loable le ahorr6 a la agencia
canalera la p6rdida de un equipo costoso.
Pandales recibi6 un premio por actos
especiales por su actitud alerta y cooperadora.

Recibe premio Foto por Armando De Gracia
El operador de lancha del Ramo de Control de Vegetacidn Acudtica y Contaminacidn,
Efrain Pandales, recibe un Premio por Actos Especiales de manos del Gerente de
Administracidn Ambiental, Juan H. Diaz, por ayudar en el rescate de la lancha
"Talingo", que estuvo a punto de hundirse en el drea de la Divisidn de Dragado.
Observan el Gerente del Ramo de Coordinacidn Interinstitucional y Monitoreo de la
Cuenca, Ricardo Salazar, izquierda, y el bidlogo del Ramo de Control de Vegetaci6n
Acudtica y de Contaminacidn, Jose Maturell.

Canal de Panama participa en feria

nacional de orientaci6n profesional

Atiende a visitante Foto por Jaime Yau
El aprendiz de mecdnica de equipo pesado de la Comisidn del Canal de Panamd, Odracir
Naranjo, explica elfuncionamiento de un motor a un visitante al pabell6n de la Escuela de
Aprendices durante la Quinta Feria Nacional de Orientaci6n Profesional en el Centro de
Convenciones Atlapa.

Ola de mosquitos afecta poblaci6n del pais

Por Maria Gabriela Guardia
La ola de mosquitos que afecta
actualmente a la poblaci6n del pais tambi6n
es unamolestiaparala operaci6n canalera.
Al comenzar la estaci6n lluviosa ocurre
una explosi6n de la poblaci6n del mos-
quito Aedes taeniorhynchus. Este mos-
quito, tambi6n conocido como el Aedes de
los manglares o el mosquito negro de las
marismas, se reproduce principalmente en
los manglares de las costas a lo largo del
continente americano y en las lagunas de
agua fresca cerca de las marismas. Este mos-
quito tambi6n se haencontrado en los dep6sitos
de sedimentos de dragados del Canal.
B Aedes taeniorhynchus deposita sus
huevos principalmente en el lodo. Al inundarse
el Area con las lluvias eclosionan los huevos y
se producen las condiciones 6ptimas para el
desarrollo de las larvas de este tipo de mosqui-
tos. Esto ocasiona una peste de mosquitos, ya
que con cada inundaci6n en los manglares se
promueve la reproducti6n de miles de larvas,

las cuales emeigen como adultos en 8 a 10 dias.
Al empezar a lover de forma continua, la
poblaci6n de esta especie de mosquitos
Las hembras del Aedes taeniorhynchus
picanferozmente y ocasionanmuchasmolestias
durante todo el dia y la noche. Tambi6n son
poderosas voladoras y migran de forma
omnidireccional a grandes distancias de su
lugar de nacimiento. En la Florida, se han
documentado migraciones de.hasta 96
kilometros (60 millas) hacia lugares poblados.
Los machos se alimentan mayormente de
n6ctares de las flores y no viajan tan lejos como
las hembras. El Aedes taeniorhynchus se ha
asociado con la transmisi6n del virus que causa
la encefalitis en equinos y en humanos.
Para combatir al mosquito, el Ramo de
Sanidad y Entomologfa realiza fumigaciones
con un insecticida de Volumen Ultra Bajo,
conocido como ULV, enlas areas de operaci6n
del Canal en Diablo, LaBoca, laorillaoeste de
Miiaflores, Velasquez y Farfin. Los t6cnicos

Por Yira A. Flores
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama particip6 en
la Quinta Feria Nacional de Orientaci6n
Profesional del 9 al 12 dejunio en el Centro de
Convenciones Atlapa. Alrededor de diez mil
estudiantes panameios asistieron a la feria y
aprendieron sobre los diversos oficios que se
ensefian en la Escuela de Aprendices al visitar
su pabell6n.
El Viceministro de Educaci6n de Panami,
H6ctor Peilalba, en compafifa de altos
funcionarios del gobierno y miles de
estudiantes, inaugur6 la feria durante una
ceremonia el 9 dejunio en el Teatro La Huaca
del centro de convenciones.
La feria anual tiene como objetivo reunir
en un solo lugar a la mayoria de las
universidades y centros de ensefianza supe-
las carreras que ofrecen, los requisitos de
ingreso y las modalidades de estudio. Tambi6n
participan agencias que financian la
continuaci6n de estudios superiores a trav6s
de pr6stamos y becas, embajadas con
informaci6n sobre las carreras que ofrecen las
universidades de sus pauses y la empresa
privada y estatal divulgando los proyectos de
desarrollo en ejecuci6n y por ejecutarse y el
tipo de profesionales que se requieren para
dichas tareas.
A trav6s de este esfuerzo conjunto se
contribuye a que los estudiantes elijan su
futuro profesional de manera responsable y
madura acorde con la demanda del mercado,

bi6logos Anofre Campbell y Guillermo Jules,
junto con el supervisorde sanidad Bryan Keeny,
han hecho conteos de picaduras en el area de
Diablo, encontrando mucha actividad en la
mafiana. Regularmente se inspeccionan las
compuertas que detienen la entrada de las
mareas al pantano del Rio Farfan, lo cual
interrumpe el ciclo de reproducci6n de los
mosquitos y reduce su poblaci6n.
Se recomienda a la poblaci6n que utilicen
repelentes, recordando siempre consultar al

las necesidades del pais y las oportunidades
de empleo.
"En el pabell6n mostramos algunas de las
profesiones que ensefiamos en la escuela y
explicamos los campos en los que los
estudiantes pueden entrar. Servimos como
orientadores profesionales, pues nuestra la-
bor es la de guiar y moldear profesionales",
dijo el Gerente del Ramo de Adiestramiento
Industrial y Seguridad, Bryant W. Teale.
Principalmente estudiantes graduandos de
diferentes escuelas del pafs asistieronjunto a
sus padres y maestros a conocer sobre las
diferentes actividades de la feria. Miles de
estudiantes se acercaron al pabell6n de la
Escuela de Aprendices, manejado por
instructores y estudiantes de laescuela, donde
observaron y pudieron probar equipos
automotrices, incluyendo motores y sistemas
de frenos, y un simulador computarizado de
La feria tambi6n incluy6 una serie de
conferencias para los estudiantes sobre temas
trascendentales y de actualidad, dictadas por
profesionales panamefios. Entre los temas
tratados estuvieron las tendencias de desarrollo
del pais, c6mo elegir una carrera, el proceso
de globalizaci6n y las profesiones para el
pr6ximo milenio.
A trav6s de su participaci6n en este tipo de
actividades, laComisi6n del Canal de Panama
reitera su compromiso de contribuir al
desarrollo del pais a trav6s de lapromoci6n de
la importancia del adiestramiento y la
formaci6n de profesionales de calidad.

pediatra si hay nifos en el hogar. Las velas y
lamparas de citronela y las trampas el6ctricas
repelen los mosquitos. Otra forma efectiva
para repeler los mosquitos son las barreras
fisicas, como los mosquiteros y las mallas
metalicas para ventanas, puertas y otros
orificios. Es importante mantener las puertas
cerradas y revisar las mallas de las ventanas
para detectar deterioros. Al salir, se debe usar
ropa que cubra la mayor parte del cuerpo y un
repelente especialmente indicado para la piel.

Paiina 6


Thursday, July 2, 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway,

August employee training courses listed
The schedule of training courses to be offered to Panama Canal Commission employees
in August is provided below. Courses marked with an asterisk will be given in Spanish. For
courses with "Videocon" listed under location, the course will be offered simultaneously on
both sides of the Isthmus via videoconference. Nominations should be submitted through

training program coordinators by the suspense dates indicated.
Course (and target audience) Dates Time Su
Grievance Investigation and Consensual 8/3-5 8:30-4:00
Conflict Resolution (8272) (managers,
supervisors and union representatives)
Partnership Awareness (8273) (all employees) 8/7 8:30-4:00
OCLC-PRISM: Inter-Library Loan, 8/3 8:00-4:00
Cataloguing, Firstsearch (6591) (Technical
Resources Center personnel)
Personnel Management for Supervisors: 8/3 8:00-4:00
Equal Opportunity* (6035) (supervisors)
Supervisory Development: Managing 8/4-5 8:00-4:00
Human Behavior (6034) (supervisors)
Supervisory Development: Situational 8/11-12 8:00-4:00
Leadership (6034) (supervisors)
Personnel Management for Supervisors: 8/17 8:00-4:00
Training and Development* (6035) (supervisors)
Administrative Personnel Seminar: Safety 8/12 8:00-11:45
(0669) (all employees)
Records Management (6716) (clerical personnel) 8/17-18 8:00-4:00
Planning for Retirement* (6704) (employees 8/11-12 8:00-4:00
planning to retire and stay in Panama)
Goal Setting and Action Planning* (8254) 8/20 8:00-4:00
New Employee Orientation* (0581) 8/31 8:00-4:00
Power Reading (8535) (all employees) 8/6-7 8:00-4:00
Let's Punctuate (8249) (all employees) 8/11 8:00-4:00
Mastering the Little Words: Articles and 8/24-25 8:00-11:45
Prepositions (8261) (all employees) (two mornings)
Introduction to Internet Explorer (8538) (those 8/7 8:00-11:45
who have taken Windows 95 Introduction
or equivalent and have access to Commission-
approved Internet)
Introduction to Windows 95 (8350) 8/3-4 8:00-4:00
(Those who have taken Introduction to 8/10-13 4:30-7:00
Microcomputers. Must have Windows
95 already installed.)
Introduction to Windows 95, Computer 8/24-25 8:00-4:00
Based Training (8350) (Those who have
taken Introduction to Microcomputers.
Must have Windows 95 already installed.)
Automating Tasks Using Word (8398) 8/12 8:00-4:00
(those who have taken Introduction to Word)
Word, Tables (8504) (those who have 8/14 8:00-11:45
taken Introduction to Word)
Introduction to Word (8340) (Those who 8/20-21 8:00-4:00
have taken Introduction to Windows.
Must have Word already installed.)
Introduction to Word, Computer Based 8/24-25 8:00-4:00
Training (8340) (Those who have taken
Introduction to Windows. Must have
Word already installed)
Excel Charting (8428) (Those who have 8/10-11 8:00-4:00
taken Introduction to Excel.)
Introduction to Excel (8351) (Those who 8/17-18 8:00-4:00
have taken Introduction to Windows.
Must have Excel already installed.)
Introduction to Excel, Computer Based 8/26-27 8:00-4:00
Training (8351) (Those who have taken
Introduction to Windows. Must have Excel
already installed.)
Introduction to Access (8434) (Those who 8/17-18 8:00-4:00
have taken Introduction to Windows.
Must have Access already installed.)
Introduction to Access, Computer Based 8/26-27 8:00-4:00
Training (8434) (Those who have taken
Introduction to Windows. Must have Access
already installed.)
Introduction to PowerPoint (8433) 8/20-21 8:00-4:00
(Those whohave taken Introduction to
Windows. Must have PowerPoint
already installed.)
Introduction to PowerPoint, Computer 8/24-25 8:00-4:00
Based Training (8433) (Those who have
taken Introduction to Windows. Must
have PowerPoint already installed.)

dispense Location
7/13 Tr.Ctr.

Canal residential electricity and telephone rates increase

Panama Canal Commission residential electricity rates are based on comparability with
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) residential rates.
As a result in changes in TVA rates, employee electricity rates will be increased 5.7
percent beginning with the meter readings for October 1998 consumption. The increase will
amount to approximately $6.65 per month for the average consumer, and will be reflected
in the November 30 pay statement corresponding to pay period 23, which ends November

An increase in residential telephone rates has also been announced for the beginning of
August 1998. The biweekly telephone rate payroll deduction for basic services will increase
7/17 Tr.Ctr. from $6.70 to $8.90. The monthly rate for employees for basic telephone service will
7/13 717Bal.
increase from $14.50 to $19.25. On June 1, 1999, the Commission will increase telephone
service rates to $11.01 biweekly, and $24 monthly.
7/13 Tr. Ctr.

7/14. Tr.Ctr.

7/21 Tr.Ctr.

7/27 Tr.Ctr.

7/22 Tr.Ctr.

7/27 Gatun
7/21 Tr.Ctr.


7/17 717Balboa

7/13 717Balboa
7/20 717Balboa

8/3 717Balboa

7/22 717Balboa

7/24 717Balboa

7/30 717Balboa

8/3 717Balboa

7/20 717Balboa

7/27 717Balboa

8/5 717Balboa

7/27 717Balboa

8/5 717Balboa

7/30 717Balboa

8/3 717Balboa

A group
in the pho
Arturo De
HIctor Re
Luis B. H
Aguilar, A
avoid per

Fast reaction merits awards

of linehandlers recently received On-the-Spot awards for helping avoid an
between a transiting vessel and the towboat "McAuliffe." Standing from left
oto above, are linehandlers Enrique Querini, Olton Guy, Oscar Quintero,
e la Rosa, Di6genes Carrera and Jorge Gamboa. Kneeling are linehandlers
eina, Manuel E. Ortiz, Robert Small, Paulino Cdrdoba and Carlos Jadn. In
,e below, beginning at left in the back row, are linehandlers Waldo Mosquera,
enrfquez, Fernando Urriola, Sergio Gonzdlez, Jaime Gordoriez and Julio E.
. In the front row are Jorge Morales, Marcos Arana, Sixto Ruiz, Leonardo
Angel Ndfiez and Pablo Ledezma. The quick action of these employees helped
sonal injuries and material damage.
Photos by Jaime Yau and Harby Martinez



Administrator, Panama Canal Commission Deputy Administrator
Manager. Public Relations Division
Manager. Local Media and Community Relations
Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 11:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are 56 by regular mail, $4 by regular mail for
students and S19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 272-3202 for further
information or write the Public Relations Division, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300or Balboa Heights. Panama.

Don't let bad vibrations at work get you down

The following note was taken from the Safety Division bulletin, "Safety Now."
Many employees operate equipment that generates intense vibrations, such as
jackhammers, impact tools, drills, etc. Continuous exposure to heavy vibrations can
result in permanent damage to muscles, tendons and nerves in various parts of the body,
especially the legs, arms and hands.
There are two ways to reduce vibration exposure one is to design equipment with
less vibration, and the other is to wear protective gear that will absorb much of the
Canal Commission employees assigned to operate vibrating equipment should be
provided with special gloves, wrist liners, grips, etc. Units may order these items
through division purchasing orders (DPO), routed through the Safety Division for
approval. Unit safety officers and industrial hygienists should be consulted prior to

Page 7

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