Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: April 9, 1998
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00349
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text


Vol. XXXVI, No. 8 Thursday, April 9, 1998

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The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, April 9, 1998

Cruise ship featuring the latest in propulsion systems transits the Canal

Carnival Cruise Lines recently
launched the Elation, the seventh ship in
its Fantasy Class and the world's first
cruise ship with electric azimuthal
"Azipod" propulsion units. The Elation
was built at the Kvaerner Masa-Yards in -
Helsinki, Finland, at an approximate cost
of $300 million, 100 times more than the .
cost for the renowned Titanic, which sank
in 1912 and was recently memorialized by I
the famous movie with the same name.: Z,-, l lP
The Elation went through the Panama
Canal on March 24 on its way to Costa
Rica and Mexico before heading back to
Los Angeles on its inaugural 15-day cruise.
Panama Canal Commission Adminis-
trator Alberto Alema n Zubieta and other
Commission officials boarded the Elation
for a ceremony commemorating its maiden
transit through the Panama Canal. Alemin
Zubieta presented the master of the Ela-
tion, Capt. Carlo Queriello, with the tradi-
tional inaugural transit plaque and acting
Public Relations Division Manager
Mercedes Morris Garcia presented him
with a framed photo of the Canal, an infor-
mation package and videos.
An Australian passenger described his
thrill of going through the Canal by saying,
"The experience of seeing a monstrous ship
like this being lifted up into the higher level
and now going through these very narrow
places, is absolutely marvelous."
The luxurious new2,040-passenger ves-
sel will offer a year-round, seven-day voy- Huge cruise ship
age to the Mexican Riviera from Los An- The "Elation," with 855feet in length and a beam of 103 feet, moves through Miraflores Locks with only afew feet to spare on both sid
geles, which will include stops at Puerto of the locks chamber. The vessel made its maiden Panama Canal transit on March 24.

of rotating propellers with electric motor
units of 14 megawatts each. During trials,
the Elation achieved a 30 percent tighter
turning circle. When going ahead the
Azipod units are positioned with the pro-
peller forward; while operating at sea, the
two Azipod units are inclined slightly out-
board to increase efficiency.
Tests proved that with the Azipod pro-
pulsion system, the Elation was eight per-
cent more efficientthanother Fantasy class
ships, resulting in fuel savings of about 40
tons per week. Other advantages of the
Azipod propulsion system include the sav-
ing of space and weight on board, a reduc-
tion in noise and vibration and hydrody-
namic efficiency.
Due to the Elation's successful results
with regard to machinery, it is believed

that Azipod systems will be chosen for
most large cruise vessels in the future.
Thus, the Elation will have set a trend for
future ships.

Article by Teresa Arosemena
Photos by Armando De Gracia
& Jaime Yau

On the cover
The cover photo by Armando De
Gracia shows the "Elation" transit-
ing through Gaillard Cut and passing
by the Empire excavation site. The
Commission's land drills, which are
working on the Gaillard Cut widening
program, can be seen in the back-

Maiden transit
Acting Public Relations Division ManagerMercedes Morris Garcia presents the master of
the "Elation, Capt. Carlo Queriello, with aframed photo ofthe waterway to commemorate
of the vessel's inaugural transit through the Panama Canal. Panama Canal Commission
Administrator Alberto Alemdn Zubieta, second from right, and Maritime Operations

Director Rene Van Hoorde look on.

Vallarta, Mazatldn and Cabo San Lucas.
Measuring 855 feet in length, the Elation
combines technical innovation with a variety

Its "Azipod" system
pulls, rather than
pushes, the ship
the water.

of art. GreekMuses, such as Clio,theMuseof
History, and the Muses of Music and Poetry,
Euterpe and Erato, embellish entranceways

and lounges. The Moroccan-inspired
Casablanca Casino contains more than 200
high-tech slot machines and a wide variety of
other games, and the Mark Twain Library
provides a cozy environment for reading or
writing. In addition, each individual area has
its own atmosphere.
But these are not the only special fea-
tures about the Elation. Even though all
passengers might not perceive it, a feature
that makes the vessel really unique, is its
"Azipod" system, which pulls, rather than
pushes, the ship through the water. Differ-
ent from conventional propulsion systems,
the Azipod design eliminates the need for
rudders, long shaft lines, conventional
drive units and stern thrusters. Designed to
make the cruise ship easier to maneuver, the
two Azipod systems on the Elation consist

Elegant decor
Passengers spend a relaxing afternoon in the main area of the "Elation." The vessel, the
world's first cruise ship with electric "Azipod" propulsion units, will offer year-round
seven-day cruises of the Mexican Riviera from Los Angeles including stops at Puerto
Vallarta, Mazatldn and Cabo San Lucas. C. Fernie & Co. represents the vessel at the
Panama Canal.

Page 2


Thursday, April 9, 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway

Panama Canal Board of Directors approves aggressive marketing plan

Board members of the Panama Canal Commission
(PCC) and the Panama Canal Authority (PCA) met March
30 and 31 in Washington, D.C., approving, among other
things, an aggressive three-year marketing plan.
The marketing plan, developed by the Canal's Mar-
keting Division in collaboration with the renowned con-
sulting firm Booz-Allen & Hamilton, contemplates sys-
tematic enhancement of relations between the Canal and
its clients and users. The plan was presented by Market-
ing Manager Rodolfo Sabonge before the board's Transi-
tion Committee, co-chaired by board members Fernando
Cardoze FAbrega and Vince Ryan.
Among other things, the proposed plan will study
traffic demand and cargo projections, while developing
the agency's internal capacity for obtaining precise data
on Canal users and clients. "Through this effort, we will
gain a better understanding of the needs of our users and
will be able to provide services that are increasingly
reliable, efficient and competitive," explained Canal
Administrator Alberto Alemin Zubieta.

Alemin Zubieta also updated the PCC and PCA board
members on the progress of the Gaillard Cut widening
program, noting that more than 75 percent of the dry
excavation phase had been completed. A total of 16
million metric tons of earth and rock has been removed,
while the removal of submerged material is about 29
percent complete.
During his report to the board, Alemin Zubieta said
that Canal traffic and tolls have exceeded projections by
4.1 percentso far this fiscal year. "However," he added,
"we anticipate that the Panama Canal will also feel the
negative effects of the Asian crisis on world commerce.
The total impact depends, to a large extent, on the
financial and monetary conditions in the region for the
rest of the year."
The Audit Committee, headed by Emanuel Gonzdlez
Revilla, heard, among other things, a presentation about
measures being taken by the Canal organization to solve
the so-called "year 2000 problem" for computer and
information management systems.

During the meetings, Canal board members also
approved a proposed minimum toll charge for small
vessels. The proposal was modified, taking into consid-
eration comments from users, clients and government
institutions such as the Panama Tourist Bureau during a
February 13 public hearing at the Miraflores Theater.
The new rate will become effective June 1, following its
publication in the U.S. Federal Register. Vessels of up
to 50 feet in length will pay a minimum toll of $500,
while those between 50 and 80 feet will pay $750, those
between 80 and 100 feet will pay $1,000 and small
vessels of more than 100 feet will pay a minimum toll of
Alemdn Zubieta also reported on recent presentations
by Canal organization managers to PCA board members
during three days of intensive work and dialogue at
Coronado. The gathering was part of the transition
support program.
The next meeting of the PCC board will be held on
May 18 in Miami, Fla.

Employees rescue co-worker

using new safety device

By Maria G. Guardia
The quick response of two Panama Canal
Commission employees and their expertise
in the use of the Jason's Cradle system, a
new safety device installed in Commission
launches last year, allowed them to save the
life of a co-worker who fell overboard while
performing his duties. The accident oc-
curred on January 9, under the early morning
sky, when the Commission launch Congo
approached the stern of the cargo vessel
Stolt Topaz to deliver three pilot radios be-
fore it entered Gatun Locks on its way south.
Launch seaman Carlos Hern was standing at
the edge of the launch and as he tried to seize
a messenger line thrown from the vessel by
line handler Feliciano Salazar, the launch
suddenly throttled back causing him to loose
his balance and fall into the water.
Launch operator Carlos Bailey, realizing
that Hem was in the water, moved the launch
away to avoid crushing him between the two
vessels. In the meantime, Salazar encour-
aged Hem to maintain his grip on the line to
avoid the risk of being trapped on the suction
produced by the vessel's propeller. After
notifying the Emergency Response Branch
and surrounding vessels by radio, Bailey
followed the man-overboard Jason's Cradle
rescue procedure, maneuvering the launch
to a forty-five-degree angle against the hull
of the vessel and lowering the cradle. "Hern,

who was dragged by the currents for several
minutes while holding the line and two ra-
dios, told me he was exhausted and unable to
climb the Jason's Cradle as a ladder," said
Bailey explained that Hem positioned
himself inside the cradle's loop. "Then, I
proceeded to lift him up to the launch deck,"
he said. Bailey, with the critical help of
Salazar, accomplished the rescue procedure
in three to four minutes. This was the first
time a Jason's Cradle was used to perform a
rescue since the Commission started install-
ing them last year in all launches.
Even though the Jason's Cradle system is
designed to be performed by two persons,
usually a launch operator and a seaman,
Bailey accomplished the maneuver by him-
self. The Jason's Cradle, besides being user-
friendly and quick to install, allows a person
to be lifted on board using moderate strength.
"It even allowed me to accomplish the res-
cue by myself," Bailey added. "If Her
would have been unconscious, I still could
have gotten him out of the water because I
just had to position the launch, jump into the
water to place him in the loop, and then I
would have climbed up to pull him up."
Both Bailey and Hem have been in-
volved in several rescue operations in the
past and, according to them, a rescue involv-
ing the installation and operation of the

Discussing the rescue Photo byAlfredo Ryan
Launch operator Carlos Bailey, center, explains the procedure for using the Jason's Cradle
to perform a rescue, while launch seaman Carlos Hern points at the loop where he placed
himself to be lifted by his crewmate. Line handler Feliciano Salazar, in the background,
observes. Both Salazar and Bailey received Special Act awards for rescuing Hern.

former system required an average of 15
minutes to be accomplished. The old equip-
ment included a ladder, a hook and a ring.
The ring was used to pull the victim closer to
the ladder, but the aluminum ladder could
harm the victim if used in rough waters.
Nonetheless, if the victim was unconscious
the operation was more complicated and
dangerous, as the rescuer would have had to

jump into the water and carry the weight of
the body up the ladder or tie the victim and
pull the load up with extraordinary strength.
Bailey encourages seamen to practice
rescue procedures as often as possible, as
well as giving maintenance to the equip-
ment. He also expressed his appreciation to

Continued on page 7...

Dangers in the lake Photo by Armando De Gracia
A container vessel proceeds with its Panama Canal transit while stumps, which are
surfacing in areas of Gatun Lake because of its low level, can be seen in the foreground.

Warning issued about dangers in Gatun Lake

The following article was prepared by
Floating Equipment Inspector Randy Evans.
The unusually low lake levels caused by
the "El Nifio" phenomenon have not only
prompted the implementation of draft re-
strictions for transiting vessels, but have
also created hazards for small crafts run-
ning outside the Panama Canal channel.
Operators of recreational motorboats,
jet skies and Commission workboats may
be unaware of the dangers of stumps,
rocks and mud, which are surfacing in
areas normally considered clear in higher
water. Stumps are particularly hazard-
ous, as they may cause smaller craft to
capsize and can penetrate the hull of even
steel-hulled vessels. An outboard motor
can flip up after hitting a stump at high
speed and the propeller can severely lac-
erate the operator, as it has happened in
past incidents.
When launching and retrieving the ves-

sel at public (or private) ramps, boaters
should be aware that underwater paving
might end abruptly in a drop-off, which
may upset the trailer and cause the boat to
capsize or sink. To be safe, inspect the
entire length of the launch ramp before
backing down.
Before leaving the dock, check with
other boaters about underwater hazards
they have encountered in the areas you are
heading to. While underway, look for
visible signs of danger such as unusual
wave action, discernable color change of
the water or partially uncovered stumps
(usually a sign of many more submerged
ones). Above all, reduce speed and be
prepared for the possibility of suddenly
running aground or hitting a submerged
obstacle. The slower you go, the less
chance there is of vessel damage or per-
sonal injury. Remember, it's better to be
safe than sorry!

Page 3

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The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, April 9, 1998

Service awards Photo by Armando De Gracia
Panama Canal Commission employees, who recently received recognition for their 30
years of service to the Canal agency, stand with Deputy Canal Administrator Joseph W.
Cornelison after receiving their award certificates. From left are line handler Higinio
Magalldn B., laborer leader Victor M. Veldsquez C., electrician supervisor Basilio W.
Lloyd, supervisory operating accountant Eva Chen, floating plant oiler Dionisio Navalo,
line handler Mauricio L6pez D., and Cornelison.

Health corer

Invest in future support safe motherhood

By Karen Coffey, R.N.
World Health Day, celebrated on April 7,
provided a forum to share information and
discuss about health conditions worldwide.
The slogan of the World Health Organiza-
tion is "Health for all by the Year 2000".
World Health Day focuses on a specific
global health issue each year and strives to
attain the highest possible level of health for
all the people among the 191 countries that
form the organization. The subject this year
was safe motherhood.
Worldwide nearly 600,000womendieeach

year and millions suffer from severe complica-
tions during pregnancy and childbirth. The
goal of safe motherhood, an international ini-
tiative, is to ensure that women go through
pregnancy and childbirth safely and give birth
to healthy children. If a woman chooses to
have children, she wants to conceive and carry
a pregnancy and delivery without adverse ef-
fects to her health or that of her child.
Maternal mortality (death) and morbid-
ity (health complications) affect women of

Continued on page 7...

Position vacancy list

Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. To apply, submit Form 443, Application for
Transfer, by next Friday, to the Employment and Placement Branch, Building 366, Ancon.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position or a testing-designated position will be tested for
illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion,
in-service employees qualify if they possess at least one year of specialized experience at the second-lower level
of the position.
For in-service actions other than promotions, modified qualifications will be used whenever an applicant's
background includes closely related experience providing the skills necessary for successful performance.
Proof that applicant meets special requirements (such as swimming ability or possession of a civil driver's
license) must be filed in the Official Personnel Folder or added to Form 443.
Salaries reflect the minimum and maximum rates of pay for the grades of the advertised positions. Those
selected will be placed in the appropriate grade and step, in accordance with regulations.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center,
Building 38, Balboa.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch, at 272-3583.
Permanent positions Salaries Unit Location Vacancies
International trade specialist, NM-13 $25.45/$33.08 Marketing P 1
Management analyst, NM-11/12' $17.86/$27.82 Admin. Srvs. P 1
Civil engineer, NM-11 $17.86/$23.22 Locks P 1
(Bilingual. Swimming ability and
civil driver's license required.)
Construction representative, NM-I1 $17.86/$23.22 Contracting A 1.
(Civil driver's license required.)
Marine machinery repairer, MG-9 $10.26/$10.79 Dredging P 1
(Swimming ability and civil driver's
license required.)
Temporary promotion (not to exceed one year that may become permanent)
Computer operator, NM-6/7 2 $10.86/$15.68 Info. Processing P 1
(Shift work.)
Temporary promotion (not to exceed one year)
Management analyst, NM-913 $14.76/$19.19 Personnel Oper. P 1
Supervisory accountant, NM-91 $14.76/$19.19 Accounting P 1
(Knowledge of Spanish required)
Management assistant (OA), NM-5 14 $7.29/ 9.19 Personnel Oper. P 1
Temporary promotion/Detail (not to exceed six months)
Supervisory general engineer, $17.86/$33.08 Locks P 1
NM-11/13 15 (Bilingual. Swimming ability
and civil driver's license required.)
1 Only PCC employees will be considered.
STo qualify at the NM-6 level, knowledge of one of the following operating systems is required: UNIX or
Windows NT. To qualify at the NM-7 level, knowledge of the VRX, VM/SP, DOS/SE, SSX, VSE, or VTAM/
NCP operating systems is required.
3 Knowledge of microcomputer programming in database management systems; e.g. Foxpro, DBase, Clipper or
FoxBase is required. Knowledge of Network Control Software, e.g. Novell is required.
4 Knowledge of microcomputer programming in database management systems, e.g. Foxpro, DBase, Clipper or
FoxBase is required. Knowledge of local area networks (LAN) is desirable.
5 Must have a substantial background in at least two of the following engineering disciplines: mechanical, civil,
electrical/electronics or industrial engineering.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

Employees help preserve culinary tradition

By Yira A. Flores
From colonial times, Panama has been a
hearth of races, with a rich mix of cultures
and customs. One of the most influential
cultures here arrived with the thousands of
West Indians who came to help build the
PanamaCanal. Because they passed on their
traditions to their descendants, we all now
have the opportunity to experience various
aspects of their culture in forms such as art,
folklore and cuisine. Two employees of the
Panama Canal Commission's Transporta-
tion Operations Branch Leonardo
Queeman, who works on the Atlantic side,
and Roberto Powell, who works on the Pa-
cific along with Commission retiree
Roberto Layden, help preserve West Indian
culinary tradition by baking "bun."
Although it is not very clear why many
people in Panama associate bun with Easter,
it is a fact that demand for the sweet bread is
higher during this time. "I guess it's like the
custom of eating turkey and ham only at
Christmas and New Year. People start doing
it, and it becomes a tradition," says Powell.
Bun originated from Jamaican cuisine,
so most of the people who specialize in
baking it are of Jamaican descent. Although
every baker has his own secrets, the basic
ingredients include honeymade of sugar cane,
candied fruit, raisins, nutmeg, brown sugar,
vegetable shortening and, of course, flour.
Some bakers mix in almond, vanilla or anise
extract to give their bun a special taste.
A legend about one of the ingredients in
bun might make it seem less appetizing.
Some contend that the sweet bread should be
made with "agua de muerto" or "the water of

the dead." Queeman explains that rose wa-
ter is often added to give bun a distinctive
aroma and flavor. The macabre name for the
liquid comes from the old practice of apply-
ing rose water to corpses as part of the burial
Queeman has 40 years of experience
with making bun, having supervised a Colon
bakery before joining the Commission in
1994. "I was always interested in the tech-
niques at the bakery, which is why my co-
workers started to teach me how to prepare
bun and other cakes," he said. After coming
to the Commission, he continued making
bun at home and selling it to friends and
personal clients.
"I do it a few times a month, just as
hobby," he says. "But sometimes I have so
many orders that I have to go back to the
experts at the bakery for help. After all, they
were the ones who taught me."
Seven days before this year's Holy Week,
Queeman already had 400 buns on order and
said he was planning to take advantage of some
days off before Good Friday to fill the orders.
Powell, on the other hand, has a much
larger clientele and had 2,000 buns on order
for Holy Week but he rented a bakery
where he used to work and will be supported
by a crew of bakers. "Meeting this demand
will require 15 sacks of flour and about 24
hours of continuous work", he said. Powell
usually bakes twice during a 15-day period,
making a total of about 700 buns.
"The buns for Holy Week are special
because of the added ingredients," he says,
"so they cost a little more." In general, buns

cost between $2 and $3.50.
Layden, who now devotes himself to the
business full time, says he makes up to 1,000
large buns every Friday and some 600 more
during the rest of the week. His Holy Week
order for 7,200 buns covered distribution in
various parts of Panama and shipments to
the United States.
"Many people make bun, but those who
have tried mine have experienced the best
taste," Layden says. The Jamaican descen-
dant adds that making bun has been a family
tradition for 37 years and that all his relatives
have learned to do it. "But the credit for
good bun belongs to my mother, who taught
me how to make it."
Queeman says that since bun is made
with a heavy dough, it is necessary to add a
mixture of flour and yeast to make it rise.
"But it is very important to add the right
amount of ingredients to give the bun the
ideal texture." Normally, he explains, a
hundred pounds of flour is used to make 130
to 140 buns, depending on whether 1V2-
pound or two-pound sizes are produced.
Thanks to modern machinery, making
bun does not take as long as it used to.
Queeman notes that beating and shaping the
dough takes about an hour and 20 minutes. It
is then left to rise for an hour and 40 minutes,
with the baking period running between 45
minutes and an hour.
Al though each baker has his own recipe,
all three agree that the best way to eat bun is
with a little butter, a slice of yellow cheese
and a glass of milk. "With this, you get a
good meal", they say.

Sampling the flavor
Public Relations Division student assistant
Aneyka Ayala tastes apiece ofbun prepared
by a Panama Canal Commission employee.
Although bun, a Jamaican sweet bread, is
eaten in Panama throughout the year, it is
especially popular during Holy Week.
Photo by Armando De Gracia

Pagp 4a

1 ar.,u -

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Thursday, April 9, 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway

Year 2000 problem can take many by surprise

With the year 2000 rapidly approach-
ing, Panama Canal Commission person-
nel are facing two important events that
will take place within 12 hours of each
other on the last day of the 20' century.
The one with the most fanfare will be the
official transfer of the Canal to Panama at
noon, December 31. The other event will
hopefully pass by unnoticed as the clock
strikes midnight and thousands of com-
puterized devices continue working with-
out a glitch as the numbers roll over from
1999 to 2000. Known as the "Year 2000
Problem" or "Y2K," the event requires
that computerized devices recognize dates
as four-digit numbers, rather than two, to
continue functioning properly. (See ar-
ticle on this page for more details.)

"Every PCC system

is important to

supporting Canal


As a U.S. federal agency, the Com-
mission is following guidelines set by the
U.S. Office of Management and Budget
to deal with Y2K. The Department of
Information Management is tasked with
making Canal agency adjustments to in-
formation systems at the corporate level
and also with providing guidance and
support to office automation coordina-
tors and local area network managers,
who are responsible for reviewing equip-
ment and taking corrective action in indi-

Partygoers may get a bigger bang
than they expected out of New Year's
Eve celebrations as they usher in the
year 2000. Their power may go out,
elevators may stop permanently on the
ground floor, their cars may not start,
the traffic lights may be on the blink and
their bank accounts might vanish. The
cause of all this is called, variously, the
Year 2000 Problem, Y2K or the Millen-
nium Bug.
The trouble started when computer
programmers, trying to save space in
their programming code, dropped the
first two numbers of the year, shorten-
ing, for example, the year 1964 to "64."
They did it to save money in the days
when memory and storage were very
expensive. The glitch was that com-
puters could not, as a consequence, dif-
ferentiate between the years 1902 and
2002 because they would both be repre-
sented as "02." Worse, the bad habit
was not broken, even when people real-
ized the consequences.
"Software companies have Internet
pages with information on the 2000
compliance, and they release updates
called "patches" that renovate specific
versions of the program to be Y2K

vidual offices.
"We have been working on replacing
the mainframe system with a client-server
system for a year and a half and are on
target for the year 2000. New hardware
and software purchases were approved by
the Administrator and are part of the infor-
mation system modernization program,"
says Information Strategy Staff manager
Francisco Loaiza.

compatible," says Information Manage-
ment computer specialist Eyda de Roux
when asked whether companies have
already adjusted newer versions of their
software. She adds, "For example, some
Windows 95 releases are not completely
reliable and must be patched."
The consequences could go a lot
further than your personal computer at
home, however. Banks might erase their
electronic records, air traffic controllers
might lose control of their flight moni-
toring equipment and that winning lot-
tery ticket might turn out to be worthless
because the records no longer exist.
What can you do besides hide in a bomb
shelter as far away from modern tech-
nology as possible when the clock strikes
You might try keeping backup records
(both on paper and on floppy diskettes)
of bank balances, credit-card statements
and utility bills, filling up your car with
gas in case automated gas pumps stop
working and keeping cash or travelers
checks on hand. You might also want to
unplug electrical appliances in case elec-
tric power goes haywire. Even keeping
clean drinking water on hand might not
be taking things too far.

Information Management computer
specialists Eyda de Roux and Angel N.
Sing are co-coordinators of the technical
committee that researches available tools
and information, makes guidelines and
gives technical support to individual of-
fices. The Office of Inspector General is
monitoring the project's progress to en-
sure goals are accomplished. Inspector
General auditor Emilio E. Williams, as-

sisted by auditor Robert C. Panzer will
work under the guidance of audit manager
Enrique S. Ho.
"Employee awareness is very impor-
tant many assume that "Year 2000"
refers to the Canal transfer to Panama,
not a critical computer problem," says
With the goal of making all affected
equipment able to recognize the four-digit
date or replacing it, the Commission-wide
project has been broken down into the fol-
lowing five phases: awareness, assessment,
renovation, validation and implementation.
The Canal agency is currently in the first
two phases, which deal with informing em-
ployees of the problem, identifying types of
equipment that will be affected and devel-
oping plans for updating them.
Under the next three stages, renovation
refers to the process of changing program-
ming codes and modifying all product com-

Page 5

A few precautions can

help you fight the bug

Keeping backup records advisable

ponents and business applications to in-
clude four-digit date recognition. Valida-
tion and implementation are the testing
and actual implementation of the changes,
One of the first steps, already taken in
February, was a Commission-wide survey
to identify all equipment that might be
affected. In support of the survey, Joseph
W. Cornelison, in his capacity as Canal
Administrator, sent a memorandum to
heads of departments and independent of-
fices asking for full cooperation and top
priority billing for applying Year 2000
"We need managers to provide sup-
port to their office and network managers
because it will be an extensive effort,"
Williams says. On the need for thorough-
ness in adjusting all systems, Sing says,
"Every. PCC system is important to sup-
porting Canal operations."
Targeted are not only personal com-
puters used in offices, but also software,
especially in-house programs, and any
equipment with computerized compo-
nents that use dates, such as alarms, fax
machines, electronic access systems, sur-
veillance equipment, elevators and even
locks towing locomotives. Because of
this, the Technical Support Division is
actively involved in the review.
Information Management personnel
have already started updating personal
computer hardware by using special soft-
ware to update, or "flash," the ROM-Bios
chips that give basic operating abilities to
a computer. They plan to begin updating
ROMs on the Commission's 65 network
servers in May.
Software and in-house programs are
targeted to be updated and running by
March 1999 to allow nine months for
additional troubleshooting. Sing explains
that the best way to check for the use of
dates in an in-house program is to check
the programming code line by line. He
says, "The procedure to update in-house
programs is tedious but not complicated."
De Roux adds that employees may
soon begin noticing stickers describing
the Y2K compliance status of office com-
puters, computer equipment and elec-
tronic equipment.
Williams stresses that time is the criti-
cal factor in making sure everything is
ready because, no matter how much we
might like to delay the coming of the
third millenium, it will arrive right on

Assistance on

Y2K available at

various sites

Panama Canal Commission offices that
wish to ask questions, report problems or
request support on a Year 2000 Problem
may contact the Department of Informa-
tion Management by electronic mail at
Additional information is available on
the Internet at the following sites:
In addition, computer and software manu-
facturers and companies usually dedicate a
section on the matter in the technical support
area of their Internet sites.

Articles by Susan Harp


The Panama Canal Spillway

ThursdayApril 9; 1998

Employees, dependents spend a day offun at Gatun Yacht Club

More than 160 Panama Canal employees
and their families transited the waterway
and enjoyed a day of fun at the Gatun Yacht
Club last week. Two groups, from the Elec-
trical Division Interior Work Branch and the
former Electronic Branch, were among the
first to make use of the new recreational
facility after it was made available to Canal
employees on weekends.
"It was great it surpassed all expecta-
tions," said electrical supervisor Manuel E.
Quintero, explaining that they not only had
fun, but also educated their kids about the
Canal with an informal lecture during the
launch trip through Gaillard Cut. Two
water bus launches, theNutria and Castor,
took up to 40 people each from Las Cruces
landing, through the cut to Gatun in the
morning and then back again in the after-
noon. During the mini-transit, employees
saw excavation and dredging work in the
Cut and enjoyed jungle scenes in Gatun
Their counterparts on the Atlantic side
were nice enough to tend the barbeques
while awaiting launches' arrival. After dis-

A tright, children line up on the starting line
for a race to recover their shoes, which
have been mixed in a big pile. The open
spaces at Gatun Yacht Club allowed em-
ployees to organize a variety of outdoor
games for the kids. Also, employees con-
tracted aCommission van to transport kids
and others to the nearby Gatun swimming
pool. Below, employees disembark from
the Panama Canal Commission water bus
onto the floating dock at Gatun Yacht Club
as Employee Fitness Branchpersonnel greet
them. The renovated facility is open to
Canal employees and dependents on week-

embarking in Gatun, kids and adults alike
participated in kite flying and fishing con-
tests, soccer games and foot races. Trophies
and prizes added to the fun. Quintero gives
credit to his wife, electronics technician
Maria Elena Moreno-G6ngora, for organiz-
ing a successful day for the group.
The lake itself was also an attraction.
Technical Support Division radio systems
supervisor Jos6 Manuel M6dica said, "I
jumped in the water and stayed there all day
until it was time to go." Others played
dominoes or just relaxed in the sun and
fresh air.
Four lifeguards and a supervisor from
the Employee Fitness Branch were present,
as well as personnel from the Gatun Fire
Station to make sure the day progressed
safely and smoothly. Afterward, M6dica
sent a letter of thanks to Fitness Branch
manager Jos6 Jaen, saying "Congratula-
tions for the dedicated efforts of all who are
working there and for the beautiful spot you
have created." He also complimented the
water bus service forproviding launch trans-

Fun for all ages
In the photo across the top, adults and kids
alike enjoy the day at Gatun Yacht Club.
Food, games and swimming were some of
the attractions for Panama Canal Commis-
sion employees from the Interior Work and
former Electronic branches and their fami-
lies during an outing at the Canal recre-
ational facility. Above, Canal employees
and their children enjoy the fresh waters of
Gatun Lake under the watchful eye of a
lifeguard. Below, Sara Feliu, daughter of
electrician Jorge Feliu, holds a fish she
caught in Gatun Lake. Her brother, Jorge,
won the kid's fishing contest held during the
employee outing.

Gatun Yacht Club reservations
To make reservations for water bus
service to Gatun Yacht Club for 40
people or more, send a note by elec-
tronic mail to Employee Fitness
Branch manager Jos6 Jaen at HRHF
with the desired weekend date, unit
name, amount of people and name of
the contact person. Please note that
several dates in April and May have
already been reserved.

Article by Susan Harp
Photos by Alfredo Ryan &
Maria Elena Moreno-G6ngora

Page 6

* W

_ __ __ __

Thursday, April 9, 1998

The Panama Canal Spillway

SOver 45 crews participated

Uin this year's Cayuco Race

Health Corner

all ages and races, but disproportionately
affect older women, those who are poor and
those with unplanned pregnancies.
Safe motherhood begins before concep-
tion with proper nutrition and a healthy
lifestyle. It continues with a planned preg-
nancy, appropriate prenatal care, the pre-
vention of complications when possible and
the early and effective treatment of any com-
plications that do occur. It ends with a labor
at term without unnecessary interventions,
the delivery of a healthy infant and a healthy
postpartum period in apositive environment
that supports the physical and emotional
needs of the woman, infant and family.
The major causes of pregnancy-related
deaths are hemorrhage (excessive bleed-
ing); pre-eclampsia and eclampsia (spe-
cial kinds of high blood pressure unique to
pregnancy); and pulmonary emboli (blood
clots to the lungs). These conditions have
been the leading causes of death from
pregnancy for more than 20 years, yet at
least half of such deaths are preventable
either through improved access to care,
better quality of care or lifestyle changes.
For every woman who dies from preg-
nancy, several thousand women experi-
ence complications. These complications
include severe vomiting, bleeding, early
onset of labor, high blood pressure or in-
The 10 themes of safe motherhood are
the following:
Guarantee safe motherhood as a human
right including the right to health care,

By Susan Harp
On the first day of the Ocean-to-Ocean
Cayuco Race for Explorers, Balboa High
School students Fred Garcia, Bob Donley,
Bob Hughes and Marshall Harris caused a
sensation when they showed up for morning
classes wearing home-dyed green T-shirts
and gold earrings in their left earlobes. The
year was 1966, and their boat, the Bejuco,
was the defending champion for the second
year in a row. At the end of the three-day-
race, they emerged the winners with a total
time of 6 hours, 52 minutes, and earned the
honor of being the first crew to retire the race
trophy because of the three-year-run.
Reminiscing about the old days might
take place while sitting in lounge chairs on
the patio for some, but the foursome decided
to do some more active reminiscing when
they picked up their paddles last week for the
451 annual race. They challenged them-
selves and the competition once again after
a 32-year break. The Bejuco no longer in
existence, they commandeered the Snafu to
compete in the patch boat category, the only
class open to paddlers over 21 years of age.
"It was a lot less formal in the 60s," said
Donley as he enjoyed a tropical evening in
Cardenas two days before the race. The
group had been attending pre-race meetings,
learning about safety rules and observing the
head-to-toe, color-coordinated outfits of the

... continued from page 4

work and maternity leave.
Make a vital social and economic
investment in safe motherhood it will
benefit the woman, her family and society as
a whole.
Empower women to make informed
decisions about their health and health care
by providing information about the medical
and financial aspects of such care.
Decrease unintended pregnancy and
induced abortion by enhancing the use of
contraception as well as contraceptive tech-
Reduce teenage pregnancy by educat-
ing girls and boys about the responsibilities
of parenthood.
Know that every pregnancy carries
risks women should know the warning
Improve access to quality maternal
health services by including universal cov-
erage for high quality services at the appro-
priate level of care.
Ensure supportive care at delivery to
help make the birth experience as satisfying
as possible for the woman.
Utilize the power of partnership -
enlist the family, community, health care
system, insurance industry and government
in supporting safe motherhood.
Measure progress in Safe Motherhood
by improving public health surveillance of
complications and deaths due to pregnancy.
For further information about this topic,
please contact the nearest Occupational Health
Center or call 272-7108 or 443-5237.

seriously competitive crews in the trophy
categories, reserved for youths ages 15 to
21. Hughes added, "It was a kid's race then,
with no sponsors and not much parental
involvement except through the Boy Scout
What possessed the four former class-
mates, now spread out across Texas, Arkan-
sas, Virginia and Florida, to return to the
Isthmus and subject their not-so-young-any-
more bodies to the grueling race? "It started
as a way to have some fun," said Hughes.
"Since then, we have renewed so many
friendships. People made paddles and T-
shirts and found the boat, trailer and spon-
sors. It's making more memories than we
ever thought."
It all started two years ago when Fred
Garcia, whose brother, Tony, works in the
Panama Canal Commission Marketing Di-
vision, paddled in a cayuco for fun during a
visit to Panama. Enthused about reliving the
good old days, Fred used Internet sites set up
by former Canal Zone residents who live
off-Isthmus to find his three former team-
mates. They had not seen each other for at
least 20 years. As casual talk turned to
serious plans, they were lucky to receive
local support from Diablo resident Jan
Weade, who provided the Snafu, arranged
most of the logistics in Panama and even
designed T-shirts advertising the foursome

More than 45 cayucos raced through the
Panama Canal last weekend during the 45t"
annual Ocean-to-Ocean Cayuco Race for
Explorers. Thirty-two of the dugout canoes,
which traditionally hold four, were paddled
by youths, ages 15 to 20, competing for
trophies in three categories: male, female
and co-ed. Seventeen other boats partici-
pated in the three-day race just for the "fun"
of paddling in the hot sun for hours on end to
receive only a cloth patch as reward.
This year, the Rapid Transit was in the
spotlight as it attempted to defend its three-
year record of winning the race, but seven
other boats beat its overall time. Due Pro-
cess, paddled by Tom Herring, Bob
Huerbsch, Ruben Prieto and Mike Commeau,
came out on top with a time of 5 hours 26
minutes 27 seconds.
Only one boat can win in each category,
but somehow the starting line is packed year
after year with kids and adults answering the
call of the addiction called "doing cayuco."
John Williford, six-year veteran and cur-
rently a cayuco coach said about the addic-
tion, "At school- you're left out if you're not
doing it. After the race, you always say
you'll never do it again, but next year you're
This year, some of the patch boat partici-
pants were also answering the call of past
races, with the crew of the Bejuco returning
after a 32-year absence (see related story).
An all-women's team also returned after
about 30 years to race for their very first
time. (Females were not included in the
competition until sometime in the 1970s.)
Connie Zemer Bumgarner, Judy Walton

Davis, Laurel Walton Thrasher and Malena
Bremer Merriam flew in from the United
States to paddle in the Tsunami. Davis said,
"We were always jealous that the boys got to
race, so we came back to fulfill the dream."
Another participant, Ted Henter, also
returned after a long absence from Panama
to paddle in the Slave Galley. Henter holds
a world title in the water-skiing champion-
ship for the blind. His blindness resulted
from a traffic accident that occurred after he
had competed in the cayuco race for two
years as a youngster. By returning to the
event this year, Henter became the first blind
person to participate in the race, and the
fourth-place position of the Slave Galley in
the "patch boat" category attests to the suc-
cess of his entire crew. Not one to be held
back by the lack of sight, Henter adapts
computer software for use by the blind.
Whatever the attraction, interest in the
race remains high. Participants in thisyear's
race were about 50 percent Panama Canal
Commission employees or dependents, 25
percent U.S. military and 25 percent Panama
residents or others this year, according to
race coordinator Hugh Thomas, who works
in the Department of Maritime Opera-
tions. Thomas further added that the Ca-
nal agency and U.S. military provided in-
valuable logistical and safety support, pub-
licity and escort boat services, with local
businesses sponsoring individual crews.
Officials from the race committee and the
Boy Scouts of America expressed their
appreciation to the Commission and the
other groups that contributed to the suc-
cess of the event.

Ready to paddle Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Former Balboa High School classmates, who came back to Panama to participate in this
year's Cayuco Race, pose in front of their cayuco the "Snafu." From left are Marshall
Harris, Bob Hughes, Fred Garcia and Bob Donley.

as "Real (old) Men."
A week before the race, they began prac-
ticing paddling the Snafu, and Fred Garcia
claimed, "For people who hadn't been to-
gether for 30 years, it seemed like yesterday."
Weade, whose daughter competed twice in
the Snafu in last few years, said that because

Employees rescue
his foreman Delano Chandler, whom he
described as constantly insisting on the
importance of practicing the Jason's Cradle
maneuver at the beginning of every shift
and checking the equipment for optimal
performance. About his experience, Bailey
said, "When I actually used the Jason's
Cradle to perform a rescue, I realized that it
was a lotbetter than what I thought before."
Bailey and Salazar demonstrated the
importance of the training provided by the
Canal agency by working quickly, while
staying calm throughout the performance
of the emergency procedure. Salazar said,

of parental involvement with the kids and the
commitment involved, "The race has really
helped hold the community together."
No matter the outcome of the three days
of competition, it seems the race also reached
far beyond the community to bring four
friends together once again.

... continued from page 3

"Now we work with more security, and things
get done with patience." Besides the Jason's
Cradle maneuver training, operators and sea-
men receive first aid training, which they can
put into practice while waiting for paramed-
ics to arrive during emergency situations.
Carlos A. Tirado, Manager of Launch/
Linehandling Operations, Northern District,
presented both Bailey and Salazar with a
Special Act Award. Tirado recommended
them for their vigilant and dependable ac-
tions to rescue a fellow worker, while ob-
serving the guidelines of good seamanship
and prescribed safety procedures.

Page 7

Paddling to the victory Photo by Jaime Yau
Members of the crew of the "Due Process," winners of this year's Cayuco Race, paddle to
the victory during the last leg of the race.

Race reunites former classmates


The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, April 9, 1998

Commission announces training courses

The schedule of training courses to be offered to Panama Canal Commission employees during May is
provided below. Those marked by an asterisk will be conducted in Spanish. In cases where "videocon" is
indicated as the location, the course will be offered simultaneously on both sides of the Isthmus via videoconference
transmission. Nominations should be submitted through training program coordinators by the suspense dates
In addition to the listed courses, a number of individualized training packets are available at the Multimedia
Center, among them "Introduction to Microcomputers," a prerequisite to the introductory Windows 95 course.
Course (and target audience) Dates Time Suspense Location
Fiber Optic Splicing and Testing (8528) 5/4 8 8:00 4:00 4/13 Tr.Ctr.
(EIL and IMTT personnel)
Partnership Awareness (8273) 5/13 8:30 4:00 4/22 Tr.Ctr.
(all employees) 5/15 8:30 4:00 4/24 Tr.Ctr.
Time Management for Supervisors (6036) 5/5 & 6 8:00 4:00 4/14 Tr.Ctr.
Personnel Management for Supervisors: 5/11 8:00 4:00 4/20 Tr.Ctr.
Equal Opportunity (6035)*(supervisors)
Supervisory Development: Problem Solving 5/12 & 13 8:00 4:00 4/21 Tr.Ctr.
and Decision Making (6034)* (supervisors)
Personnel Management for Supervisors: 5/14 8:00 4:00 4/23 Tr.Ctr.
FECA and CSS (6035) (supervisors)
Performance Management for 5/15 8:00 11:45 4/24 Tr.Ctr.
Supervisors (6044)* (supervisors)
Continual Improvement Principles 5/19 & 20 8:00 4:00 4/28 Tr.Ctr.
for Supervisors (6048)* (supervisors)
Giving Clear Instructions (0434)* (supervisors) 5/21 8:00 4:00 4/30 Tr.Ctr.

The Office Team (8421)
(administrative personnel)
Records Management (6716)
(clerical personnel)
Administrative Personnel Seminar:
Industrial Relations (0669)* (administrative
assistants and clerical assistants)
Professionalism in the Office (8420)
(clerical and administrative personnel)
Techniques for Planning, Scheduling and
Controlling Projects (0156)
Skills with Numbers (6834)
(employees who work with numbers)
Goal Setting and Action
Planning (8254)* (all employees)
Basic Skills for the Effective Canal Worker
(0633)* (non-supervisory manual workers)
The Canal Worker Towards the Year 2000
and Beyond (8422)* (non-supervisory
manual workers)
New Employee Orientation
(0581)* (new employees)
Planning for Retirement (6704)*

5/6 8:30- 4:15

5/11 -14 8:00-11:45

5/21 8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00

5/27 & 28 8:00 4:00

5/4- 8




8:00 10:00

8:00 4:00

8:30 4:15

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00

5/19 & 20 8:00 4:00

(all employees planning to retire and stay in Panama)
Flowcharting a Process (8534) (all employees) 5/26
Working Together: The Power of Teamwork 5/27
(6021)* (leaders)
Dealing with Conflict (0444)*(all employees) 5/28
Let's Punctuate (8249) (all employees) 5/5
Power Reading (8535) (all employees) 5/14 & 15
Proofreading Skills (6833) (all employees) 5/26 28
Introduction to Windows 95: 5/5 & 6
Computer-Based Training (8350) 5/26 & 27
(those who have Windows 95 installed)
Introduction to Windows 95 (8350) 5/13 & 14
(those who have Windows 95 installed)
Introduction to Word: Computer-Based 5/5 & 6
Training (8340) (those who have taken 5/26 & 27
a Windows course or skill assessment
test and have Word already installed)
Introduction to Word (8340) 5/5 8
(those who have taken a Windows 5/7 & 8
course or skill assessment test 5/20 & 21
and have Word already installed)
Automating Tasks Using Word (8398) 5/11
(those who have taken Introduction
to Word or equivalent)
Word, Mail Merge (8426) 5/11
(those who have taken Introduction
to Word or equivalent)
Migrating to Word 97 (8533) (those who have 5/11
taken Introduction to Word or equivalent)
Word, Tables (8504) (those who have taken 5/12
Introduction to Word or equivalent)
Introduction to Excel: Computer-Based 5/5 & 6
Training (8351) (those who have taken a 5/28 & 29
Windows course or skill assessment test)
Excel Charting (8428) (those who have taken 5/11 & 12
Introduction to Excel or equivalent)
Migrating to Excel 97 (8532) (those who have 5/13
taken Introduction to Excel or equivalent)
Introduction to Excel (8351)
(those who have taken a Windows 5/18 & 19
course or skill assessment test
and have Excel already installed)
Introduction to Access (8434) 5/18 & 19
(those who have taken a Windows
course or skill assessment test and
have Access already installed)
Introduction to Access: 5/28 & 29
Computer-Based Training
(8434) (those who have taken a
Windows course or skill assessment
test and have Access already installed)
Introduction to PowerPoint (8433) 5/13 & 14
(those who have taken a Windows
course or skill assessment test and
have PowerPoint already installed)
Migrating to PowerPoint 97 (8531) 5/14
(those who have taken Introduction
to PowerPoint or equivalent)
Introduction to PowerPoint: 5/26 & 27
Computer-Based Training
(8433) (those who have taken
a Windows course or skill assessment
test and have PowerPoint already installed)

8:00- 11:45
8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
IV2 days
1 days

1 days

V1 days
V days

4:30 7:00
1/2 days
12 days

8:00 4:00

8:00- 11:45

8.:00- 11:45

8:00- 11:45

1/2 days
1/2 days

1 days

8:00- 11:45

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00

12 days

1 days

8:00- 11:45

IVi days

4/15 Tr.Ctr.

4/20 Tr.Ctr.

4/30 Tr.Ctr.

5/6 Tr.Ctr.

5/6 Tr.Ctr./717Bal.

4/13 Tr.Ctr.

4/16 Tr.Ctr.

4/21 Tr.Ctr.

4/27 Tr.Ctr.

4/27 Videocon.

4/28 Tr.Ctr.





4/22 717Bal.

4/14 Gatun
5/5 717Bal.
Beautiful scene Photo by Alfredo Ryan
4/14 7al. Talipotpalms have recently caught the attention ofmanypeople who have stopped to admire
4/16 Gatun the magnificence of their flourishing. This photo shows a group of six talipot palms that
4/29 717Bal. beautify the area around the Caribbean International College (CIC) in Margarita, Colon.
Originally, eight of these particular palms stood in this same area. Panama Canal
4/20 717Bal. Commission Contracting Officer Ernesto Cordovez D. planted three talipot palms by the
Gatun Landing soon after he joined the Panama Canal Company as Superintendent of
4/20 717Bal. Grounds Management, and two of them are currently flowering. After flowering and
releasing a large amount ofseeds, talipot palms die within 6 to 12 months. Sanitation and
Entomology Branch personnel have collected seeds to ensure that the talipot palm does not
4/0 B/ BHS

4/21 717Bal.

4/14 Gatun
5/7 717Bal.

become extinct in the area.

What's happening

Surplus sale
4/20 717Bal. The Defense Reutilization and Market-

4/22 BHS ing Office will conduct a local sealed bid
sale on April 14, 15 and 16 at Building 745,
Corozal. Interested persons can inspect
4/27 717Bal. and bid on the property from 7:30 a.m. to 3
p.m. during those same dates. The sales
4/27 717Bal. catalog will be available at the inspection
site. For additional information, call Jos6
F. Gonzalez at 285-4754 or 285-5071.

Texas Aggie muster
The Panama Texas A&M Club will host
the annual Aggie muster and dinner at7 p.m.
April 21 at the Club de Golf Ejecutivo. The
guest speaker will be Dr. W. Michael Kemp,
CEO and vice-president of Texas A&M Uni-
versity at Galveston. For tickets or informa-
tion, contact Lilibeth B. Langoni at 272-
5166 or 226-5630 after 5 p.m. or Henry
SAnchez at 272-1959 or 223-5318.

5/7 717Bal.

4/22 717Bal.

4/23 BHS

5/5 717Bal.

Administrator, Panama Canal Commission



Deputy Administrator

Acting Manager. Public Relations Division
Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 11:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 by regular mail, 54 by regular mail for
students and 519 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 272-3202 for further
information or write the Public Relations Division. Panama Canal Commission. Unit 2300. APO AA 34011-2300 or Balboa Heights. Panama.

Page 8

Take note
Panama Canal Commission occupational health nurses will present
an eight-session program on the Atlantic side to provide healthful eating
and exercise tips. The group will meet from 3:30 to 4:30 p.m. on April 14,
16, 21, 23, 28 and 30 and on May 5 and 7 at the Gatun Mini-Theater. For
further information, call the Gatun Occupational Health Clinic at 443-
An exhibit of memorabilia from the Tivoli Guest House, the Washing-
ton Hotel and the Isthmian Canal Commission hotels is currently on display
at the Technical Resources Center. Also on display are silverware and
china from the former Governor's House, memorabilia from the Panama-
Pacific International Exposition of 1915 and a collection of old bottles found
in the Canal area. Interested employees can visit the exhibit from 7:15 a.m.
to 4:15 p.m. on weekdays.

_ __ __



Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Vol. XXXVI. NQ 8


-I- sl- L--------
- ~- - ---- - -~~ -



i-, 4l ,te"

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Crucero con to uftimo en sistemas de propulsion transita efCanaf

La Carnival Cruise Lines lanz6
recientemente el Elation, la s6ptima nave en
la clase Fantasia, y el primer crucero con
unidades el6ctricas azimutales de propulsi6n
"Azipod". El Elation fue construido en los *
Astilleros Kvaerner Masa en Helsinki, Fin-
landia, a un costo aproximadode $300 millo-
nes, 100 veces mas que el costo del recono-
cido Titanic, que se hundi6 en 1912, y fue
recordado recientemente por la famosa
pelicula del mismo nombre. El Elation .7
transit6 el Canal de Panama el 24 de marzo P-* ..
rumbo a Costa Rica y M6xico, antes de vol- r.!
ver aLos Angeles en sutrinsito inaugural de
15 dias.
El Administrador del Canal de Panama, `7Yj
Alberto Alemin Zubieta, y otros funcionarios
de la Comisi6n, subieron al Elation para una
ceremoniaparaconmemorar su trinsito inau-
gural por el Canal de Panam. Alemin Zubie-
ta entreg6 la placa tradicional por trinsito
inaugural al capitan del Elation, Carlo
Queriello, y la Gerente Interina de la Divisi6n
de Relaciones Ptiblicas, Mercedes Morris
Garcia, le entreg6 una foto enmarcada del
Canal, un paquete de informaci6n y videos.
Un pasajero australiano describi6 su
fascinaci6n al transitar el Canal diciendo:
"La experiencia de ver un barco monstruo-
so como 6ste ser elevado a un nivel superior
y ahora pasar a trav6s de estos lugares
estrechos es absolutamente maravilloso".
La nueva nave de lujo de 2,040 pasajeros
ofrecerd, durante todo el afio, un viaje de
siete dias por la Rivieramexicana desde Los Enorme crucero
Angeles, incluyendo paradas en Puerto Midiendo 855 pies de largo y 103 pies de manga, el "Elation" atraviesa las Esclusas de Miraflores con sdlo algunos pies de espacio
Vallarta, Mazatlin y Cabo San Lucas. Con adicional en ambos lados de la cdmara de las esclusas. La nave realize su trdnsito inaugural por el Canal de Panamd el 24 de marzo.

el6ctricos de 14 megavatios cada uno. Du-
rante las pruebas, el Elation alcanz6 un giro
30 por ciento mas cerrado. Al avanzar, las
unidades Azipod estin posicionadas con la
propela hacia el frente; al operar en el mar, las
dos unidades Azipod se inclinan un poco
fuera de borda para mejorar su eficiencia.
Las pruebas indicaron que con el sistema
de propulsi6n Azipod, el Elation fue ocho
por ciento mas eficiente que otras naves de
la clase Fantasia, resultando en un ahorro de
gasolina de 40 toneladas por semana. Otras
ventajas del sistema de propulsi6n Azipod
incluyen el ahorro de espacioy peso a bordo,
una reducci6n en el ruido y la vibraci6n y
eficiencia hidrodinamica.
Debido a los exitosos resultados de la
maquinaria del Elation, se cree que en el
futuro se escogerin los sistemas Azipod

para la mayoria de los cruceros grandes. De
esta forma, el Elation sentard las bases para
las naves del futuro.

Articulo por Teresa Arosemena
Fotos por Armando De Gracia
& Jaime Yau

En laportada
La foto de la portada, de Armando De
Gracia, muestra al "Elation" transi-
tando por el Corte Gaillard, frente al
sitio de excavaci6n en Emperador. Las
perforadoras terrestres de la Comisidn,
que trabajan actualmente en elprogra-
ma de ensanche del Corte Gaillard, se
ven alfondo.

Trdnsito inaugural
La Gerente Interina de la Divisi6n de Relaciones Pablicas, Mercedes Morris Garcia,
entrega unafoto enmarcada de la via acudtica al capitdn del "Elation ", Carlo Queriello,
en conmemoracidn del trdnsito inaugural de la nave por el Canal de Panamd. El
Administrador de la Comisidn del Canal de Panamd, Alberto Alemdn Zubieta, segundo
desde la derecha, y el Director de Operaciones Maritimas, Rend Van Hoorde, observan.

855 pies de largo, el Elation combina la
innovaci6n t6cnica con unavariedad de arte.
Musas griegas como Clio, la Musa de la

Su sistema de
unidades electricas
"Azipod", hala
la nave en vez de
empujarla en el agua.

Historia, y las Musas de la Misica y la Poe-
sfa, Euterpe yErato, embellecen las entradas
y los salones. El Casino Casablanca de

inspiraci6n marroqui, contiene mds de 200
mdquinas de apuestas de avanzada tecnolo-
gia y una gran variedad de juegos, y la
Biblioteca Mark Twain ofrece un ambiente
acogedor para leer o escribir. Ademds, cada
Area individual tiene su propio ambiente.
Pero estas no son las dnicas caracteristi-
cas especiales del Elation. Aunque no to-
dos los pasajeros puedan percibirlo, una
caracteristica que hace a la nave realmente
Onica, es su sistema "Azipod", que hala la
nave en lugar de empujarla. A diferencia de
otros sistemas convencionales depropulsi6n,
el "Azipod" elimina la necesidad de timones,
largos ejes axiales, unidades impulsadoras
convencionales e impulsadores de popa.
Disefiados para facilitar el manejo de la nave,
los dos sistemas Azipod delElation consisten
en propelas giratorias con unidades de motores

Elegante decoracidn
Los pasajeros disfrutan de una tarde relajada en el drea principal del "Elation ". La nave
es la primera en el mundo con unidades de propulsion elictrica "Azipod", y ofrecerd
cruceros de siete dias durante todo el afio a la Riviera mexicana desde Los Angeles,
visitando Puerto Vallarta, Mazatldn y Cabo San Lucas. C. Fernie & Co. representa a la
nave en el Canal de Panama.

Pigina 2

Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Junta Directiva del Canal de Panama aprueba agresivo plan de mercadeo

Directivos de la Comisi6n del Canal (CCP)
y la Autoridad del Canal de Panama (ACP) se
reunieron el 30 y 31 de marzo en Washington
y aprobaron, entre otras cosas, un agresivo
plan de mercadeo de tres afios de duraci6n.
Lapropuestapresentadaporel Gerentede
Mercadeo de la agencia canalera, Rodolfo
Sabonge, en colaboraci6n con la reconocida
firma consultora Booz-Allen & Hamilton,
contempla sistematizar las relaciones entre la
via canalera y sus clientes y usuarios. La
misma fue presentada ante el Comit6 de
del Canal, co-presidida por los directivos
Fernando Cardoze Fabrega y Vince Ryan.
Entreotras cosas, elplanpropuestoestudiara
las proyecciones de demanda de trafico y
carga, a la vez que desarrollard la capacidad
sobre usuarios y clientes del Canal. "De esta

manera conoceremos mejor las necesidades de
nuestros usuarios y podremos darles servicios
cada vez mas confiables, eficientes y
competitivos", seiial6 el Administrador del
Canal Alberto Aleman Zubieta.
Aleman Zubieta tambi6n inform6 a los
directivos de la CCP y ACP de los avances del
programa de ensanche del Corte Gaillard, del
cual se ha completado mds del 75 por ciento de
la excavaci6n seca. Se han removido un total
de 16 millones de metros cibicos de tierra y ro-
ca, mientras que se ha completado ya un 29 por
ciento de laremoci6n de material subacuatico.
Durante su informe, AlemnZubietarepor-
t6 que el trifico y los peajes del Canal en lo que
va del aiio fiscal exceden las cifras proyectadas
en un4.1 porciento. "Sin embargo, anticipamos
que sentiremos tambi6n aquf en el Canal de
Panama los efectos negativos que tendri la
situaci6n en Asia sobre el comercio mundial.

Peroel impactototal dependerA, en granmedida,
de las condiciones financieras y monetarias en
esa regi6n el resto del afio", explic6.
ElComit6 de Audito presidido porEmanuel
.Gonzalez Revilla escuch6, entre otros temas,
una presentaci6n sobre las medidas que esta
tomando la agencia canalerapara solucionar el
llamado "problema del afio 2000" de los
sistemas de informatica y c6mputo, por lo que
se ha integrado un equipo de trabajo para
analizar, corregir y certificar los sistemas de
diferentes departamentos de la agencia.
Durante las reuniones, los directivos
tambi6n aprobaron una propuesta de tarifa de
peaje minimo para naves pequefias en el Canal.
La misma fue modificada en consideraci6n a
los comentarios recibidos de usuarios, clientes
y organismos gubernamentales como el
Instituto Panamefio de Turismo (IPAT), du-
rante una audiencia piblica efectuada el 13 de

febrero pasado en el Teatro de Miraflores.
La nueva tarifa, que entrard en vigor el
pr6ximo 1 dejunio luego de su publicaci6n en
el Registro Federal de los Estados Unidos,
establece que las embarcaciones de hasta 50
pies de eslora (largo) pagarin un peajeminimo
de $500; aquellas de mis de 50 hasta 80 pies
pagarin $750; las mayores de 80hasta 1 Opies
pagarin $1000; y aquellas de mas de 100 pies
pagarin un peaje minimo de $1500.
Alemin Zubieta tambi6n inform6 a los
directivos de la Comisi6n del Canal sobre la
serie depresentaciones hechas por gerentes de
la agencia canalera a los directivos de la ACP
como parte del programa de apoyo a la
transici6n, durante tres dias de intenso trabajo
e intercambio de ideas en Coronado.
La pr6xima reuni6n de la Directiva de la
Comisi6n del Canal serealizardel 18 de mayo
en Miami, Florida.

Rescatan a empleado con

nuevo sistema de seguridad

Por Maria G. Guardia
La rapida acci6n de dos empleados de la
Comisi6ndel Canal dePanaminy suexperiencia
en el uso del sistema de Escalera Jason, un
aparato de seguridad instalado el afio pasado
en las lanchas de la Comisi6n, les permitieron
salvar la vida de un compafiero que cay6 al
agua en el cumplimiento de su trabajo. El
accidente ocurri6 en la mafiana del 9 de enero,
cuando la lancha Congo de la Comisi6n se
acerc6 a lapopa de la nave de carga Stolt Topaz
para entregar tres radios a los prcticos antes de
que entrara alas Esclusas de Gatdn hacia el sur.
El marino de lanchas, Carlos Hem, estaba
parado en el borde de la lancha y al tratar de
alcanzar una linea mensajera lanzada desde el
barco por el pasacables Feliciano Salazar, la
lancha de repente ech6 marcha atras, haciendo
que Hem perdiera el balance y cayera al agua.
El operador de lancha, Carlos Bailey, al
darse cuenta de que Hem estaba en el agua,
alej6 la lancha para evitar que fuera aplastado
entre las dos naves. Al mismo tiempo, Salazar
alent6 a Hem a seguir sujetandose de la linea
para evitar que la succi6n producida por los
propulsores del barco lo arrastrara. Luego de
notificar por radio al Ramo de Respuesta a
Emergencias y a las naves en los alrededores,
Bailey sigui6 el procedimiento de rescate
utilizando la Escalera Jason, maniobrando la
lancha en un angulo decuarenta y cinco grados
contra el casco de la nave y luego bajando la

escalera. "Hem, quien fue arrastrado por la
corriente durante algunos minutos mientras se
asia de la linea y cargaba dos radios, me dijo
que estaba exhausto y no podfa utilizar el
aparato como escalera", dijo Bailey.
Bailey explic6 que Hem se coloc6 dentro
delacanastadelaescalera. "Entonces,procedi
a elevarlo hasta la cubierta de la lancha", dijo.
Bailey, con la ayuda de Salazar, culmin6 el
procedimiento de rescate en tres o cuatro
minutos. Esta fue la primera vez que se utiliz6
la Escalera Jason en un rescate desde que la
Comisi6n comenz6 a instalarlos el afio pasado
en todas las lanchas.
Aunque el sistema de Escalera Jason fue
disefiado para ser.manejado por dos personas,
usualmente un operador de lancha y un marino,
Bailey realiz6 la maniobraporsisolo. Ademas
de ser facil de usar einstalar, la Escalera Jason
fuerzamoderada. "Hastamepermiti6 lograrel
rescatepormimismo", aiiadi6 Bailey. "Aunque
Hem hubiera estado inconsciente lo hubiera
podido sacardel agua, pues s6lohubieratenido
que acomodar la lancha, lanzarme al agua para
colocarlo en la canasta y volver a subir para
Tanto Bailey como Hern han estado
involucrados en varias operaciones de rescate
en el pasado y seg6n ellos, realizar un rescate
que involucrara la instalaci6n y operaci6n del
sistema anterior requerfa un promedio de 15

Hablando del rescate Foto por Alfredo Ryan
El operador de lanchas, Carlos Bailey, al centro, explica el procedimiento para utilizar la
Escalera Jason durante un rescate, mientras que el marino de lanchas, Carlos Hem, sefiala la
canasta en la que se coloc6 para ser levantado por su compaiero. El pasacables, Feliciano
Salazar, alfondo, observa. Tanto SalazarcomoBailey recibieronpremiosporActosEspeciales
por rescatar a Hem.

minutos. El equipo viejo inclufa una escalera,
un gancho y un aro. El aro se usaba para halar
alas victimas hacia la escalera, pero laescalera
de aluminio podia lastimar a la victima si era
utilizadaen aguas turbulentas. Sin embargo, si
lavictimaestabainconsciente, laoperaci6nera
ms complicaday peligrosa, pues el rescatador
debia entrar al agua y cargar con el peso del
cuerpo al subir la escalera, o atar a la victima

para halarla hasta cubierta usando una fuerza
Bailey exhorta a los marinos a que practi-
nimiento a los equipos tan a menudo como sea
posible. Tambi6n agradeci6 a su capataz,
Delano Chandler, quien constantemente insiste

Continua en la pdgina 7...

Peligros en el lago Foto por Armando De Gracia
Un buque portacontenedores continue su trdnsito por el Canal de Panamd, mientras que
en dreas del Lago Gatun se ven troncos en la superficie debido al bajo nivel del agua.

Advierten sobre peligros en el Lago Gatln

El siguiente articulofue preparado por el
Inspector de Equipo Flotante, Randy Evans.
Los inusuales niveles bajos de los lagos
causados porel fen6meno de "El Nifo" no s6lo
han obligado la implementaci6n de restric-
ciones de calado para las naves en transito, sino
que la situaci6n tambi6n ha causado peligros
para las embarcaciones pequefias que navegan
fuera del cauce del Canal.
Puede que los operadores de botes de recreo
a motor, motos acuaticas y botes de trabajo de
laComisi6n no est6n conscientesdelos peligros
que causan los troncos, rocas y lodo, los cuales
estnm saliendo ala superficie en dreas considera-
das libres en condiciones normales. Los troncos
son particularmente peligrosos, pues pueden
voltear embarcaciones pequefias y hasta pene-
trar los cascos de acero de las embarcaciones.
Un motor fuera de borda puede caer al agua al
golpear un tronco a alta velocidad y el propulsor
puede lesionar severamente al operador, como
ya ha ocurrido en incidentes anteriores.

Al botar naves en rampas pfiblicas (o
privadas) o al sacarlas del agua, los operadores
de botes deben estarconscientes de que el pavi-
mento bajo el agua podria terminar en una
cafda abrupta, lo que podria estremecer el
remolque, haciendo que el bote se vuelque o se
hunda. Para estar seguros, revise el largo
completo de la rampa antes de retroceder.
Antes de partir del muelle, pregunte a otros
operadores sobre los peligros que han encontra-
do bajo el agua en el Area a la que usted se diri-
ge. Durante su viaje, busque sefiales visibles
de peligro como movimientos inusuales de las
olas, cambios discemibles de color en el agua
o troncos parcialmente cubiertos (usualmente
serial de que hay ms sumergidos). Sobretodo,
reduzca la velocidad y est6 alerta ante la posibi-
lidad de encayar o chocar con un objeto sumer-
gido repentinamente. Mientras mas lento vaya
tendra mayor posibilidad de evitar dafios a su
nave o de lastimarse. Recuerde que es mejor
prevenir que lamentar!

PAgina 3

_ __ ~ I


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Premios por servicio Foto por Armando De Gracia
Empleados de la Comisidn del Canal de Panamd que fueron reconocidos recientemente
por sus 30 aiios de servicio a la agencia canalera, aparecen junto al Subadministrador,
Joseph W. Cornelison, luego de recibir sus certificados. Desde la izquierda estdn el
Pasacables, Higinio Magalldn B; el Primer Obrero, Victor M. Veldsquez C.; el Electricista
Supervisor, Basilio W. Lloyd; la Contadora Supervisora de Operaciones, Eva Chen; el
Aceitador de Planta, Dionisio Navalo; el Pasacables, Mauricio LMpez D. y Cornelison.

Columna mdica

Invierta en el futuro: apoye la matemidad segura

Porla EnfermeraKaren Coffey
El Dia Mundial de la Salud ofrece un foro
paraintercambiar informaci6n y hablar sobre
las condiciones de salud a nivel mundial. El
lema de la Organizaci6n Mundial de la Salud
es "Salud para todos en el afio 2000". El Dia
Mundial de la Salud se enfoca cada afio en un
asunto especifico de la salud mundial y lu-
cha por alcanzar el mayor nivel de salud
posible para todas las personas en los 191
pauses que forman la organizaci6n.
En todo el mundo, alrededor de 600,000
mujeres mueren cada aiio y millones sufren

complicaciones severas durante el embara-
zo y parto. La meta de la iniciativa internacio-
nal de una maternidad segura, es garantizar
que las mujeres tengan un embarazo y parto
seguros y que den a luz nifios sanos. Si una
mujer desea tener hijos, ese deseo incluye
concebir y Ilevar un embarazo y un parto sin
efectos adversos a su salud o a la de su hijo.
La mortalidad (muerte) y morbilidad
(complicaciones de salud) maternas, afectan
a mujeres de todas las edades y razas, pero

Continia en la pdgina 7...

Puestos permanentes Salarios Unidad S
Especialista en comercio internacional, $25.45/$33.08 Mercadeo
NM-13 (Bilingue.)
Analista administrativo, NM-11/12' $17.86/$27.82 Svcs. Admin.
Ingeniero civil, NM-11 $ $17.86/$23.22 Esclusas
(Bilingue. Debe saber nadar y
tener licencia de conducir.)
Representante de construcci6n, $17.86/$23.22 Contratos
NM-11 (Debe tener licencia de conducir.)
Reparador de maquinaria marina, $10.26/$10.79 Dragado
MG-9 (Debe saber nadar y tener
licencia de conducir.)
Ascenso temporal (que no exceda un afio y que puede hacerse permanente)
Operador de computadoras, NM-6/7 12 $10.86/$15.68 Procesam. Datos
(Trabajo de turnos.)
Ascenso temporal (que no exceda un afio)
Analista administrativo, NM-9 3 $14.76/$19.19 Oper. Personal
Contador supervisor, NM-9 1 $14.76/$19.19 Contabilidad
(Debe saber espafiol)
Asistente administrativo (AO), NM-5 14 $7.29/$9.19 Oper. Personal
Asignaci6n o ascenso temporal (que no exceda seis meses)
Ingeniero general supervisor, $17.86/$33.08 Esclusas
NM-11/13 's (Bilingue. Debe saber
nadar y tener licencia de conducir.)

itio Vacantes
P 1

P 1

P 1

A 1

P 1

P 1

P 1

P 1

S61o se considerar6 a empleados de la Comisi6n.
SPara calificar al nivel NM-6, deberi tener conocimientos de los siguientes sistemas operatives: UNIX o Windows NT. Para
calificar al nivel NM-7, debe conocer los siguientes sistemas operativos: VRX, VM/SP, DOS/VSE, SSX, VSE, o VTAM/NCP.
3 Debe tener conocimientos de programaci6n de microcomputadoras en sistemas de administraci6n de base de datos; como
Foxpro, DBase, Clipper o FoxBase. Debe conocer de programas de control de redes, como Novell.
* Debe tener conocimientos de programaci6n de microcomputadoras en sistemas de administraci6n de bases de datos, como
Foxpro, DBase, Clipper o FoxBase. Es deseable que tenga conocimiento de redes de area local (LAN).
s Debe tener experiencia sustancial en al menos dos de las siguientes disciplinas de la ingenieria: mecanica, civil, electric/
electr6nica o industrial.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama se ajusta a la Ley de Igualdad de Oportunidades.

Empleados conservan tradici6n culinaria

PorYira A. Flores
Desdetiemposcoloniales, PanamAha sido
un crisol de razas, con una amplia mezcla de
culturas y costumbres. Unade las culturas con
mayor influencia vino con los miles de afroan-
tillanos que llegaron a apoyar la construcci6n
delCanaldePanama. Graciasaquepasaronsus
tradiciones a sus descendientes, ahora todos
tenemos la oportunidad de disfrutar de varios
aspectos de su cultura artistica, folcl6rica y
culinaria. Dosempleadosdel RamodeOpera-
ciones de Transporte de laComisi6n del Canal
- Leonardo Queeman, quien trabaja en el
Atlantico, y Roberto Powell, que trabaja en el
Pacifico-y eljubilado delaComisi6n, Roberto
Layden, contribuyen a preservar la tradici6n
culinaria afroantillana de hornear "bon".
Aunque no esti muy claro por qu6 muchas
personas en Panama asocian el bon con
Semana Santa, es un hecho que la demanda
por el pan dulceaumenta durante esta6poca.
"Imagino que es como la costumbre de comer
pavo yjam6ns61o en Navidad y Afio Nuevo.
Las personas comienzan a hacerlo y se
convierte entradici6n", dice Powell.
El bon es parte de la cocina jamaiquina,
por lo que la mayorfa de quienes lopreparan
son descendientes jamaiquinos. Aunque
cada cocinero tiene sus-propios secretos, los
ingredientes basicos incluyen miel de cafla,
frutas cristalizadas, pasitas, nuez moscada,
azicar morena, manteca vegetal y por
supuesto, harina. Hay quienes le agregan
extracto de almendras, vainilla o anis para dar
al bon un sabor especial.
Una leyenda sobre uno de los ingredientes
del bon podria hacerlo parecer menos

apetecible. Hay quienes dicen que el pan dul-
ce se hace con "agua de muerto". Queeman
explica que a menudo se utiliza agua de rosas
para darle al bon un aroma y sabor especial.
Pero, el macabro nombre del liquido viene de
la viejapractica de aplicar agua de rosas a los
cuerpos de los difuntos como parte de los
preparativos del entierro.
Queeman tiene 40 afios de experiencia
haciendo bon, habiendo supervisado uiia pa-
naderia antes de unirse a la Comisi6n en 1994.
"Siempre me interesaron las t6cnicas de la
panaderia, por lo que mis compafieros comen-
zaron a ensefiarme c6mo preparar bon y otros
dulces", dijo. Luego de unirse a la Comisi6n,
sigui6 haciendo bon en su casa y vendi6ndo-
lo a sus amigos y clientes personales.
"Lo hago un par de veces al mes, s6lo co-
mo pasatiempo", dice. "Pero algunas veces
tengo tantas 6rdenes que tengo que recurrir
a los expertos de la panaderia para que me
ayuden. Despu6s de todo, fueron ellos quie-
nes me ensefiaron".
Siete dias antes de Semana Santa este
afio, Queeman ya tenia una orden de 400
bones, por lo que dijo que aprovecharia
algunos dias que tendria libres antes del
Viernes Santo para cumplir con las 6rdenes.
Por otro lado, Powell tiene una clientela
mucho mayor y ya tenia 2,000 bones ordena-
dos para Semana Santa pero alquil6 una
panaderia en la que solfa trabajar y cont6 con
elapoyodeunacuadrilladehomeros. "Cumplir
con este pedido requerird de 15 sacos de ha-
rinay unas 24 horas de trabajo continuo", dijo.
Usualmente, Powell hornea dos veces cada 15
dias, haciendo un total de 700 bones.

"Los bones de Semana Santa son especiales
porque llevan ingredientes adicionales", dice
"y por eso cuestan un poquito mis". En
general, los bones cuestan entre $2 y $3.50.
Layden, quien ahora se dedica al negocio
a tiempo completo, dice que hace unos 1,000
bones grandes todos los viernes, y unos 600
mis el resto de la semana. De los 7,200 bones
que horne6 para Semana Santa, distribuy6 la
mayoria en variaspartes del pais e hizo envfos
a los Estados Unidos.
"Muchas personas hacen bon, pero
quienes han probado el mfo han probado el
mejor sabor", dice Layden. El descendiente
jamaiquino agrega que hacer bon ha sido
una tradici6n familiar durante 37 afios, y que
todos sus familiares han aprendido a hacerlo.
"Pero el cr6dito por el buen bon se lo debo a
mi madre, quien me ensefi6 a hacerlo".
Queeman dice que como el bon se hace con
una masa pesada, se debe afiadir la cantidad
adecuada de ingredientes para dar al bon la
texturaideal. Explicaquenormalmenteseusan
100 librasdeharinaparahacerde 130a 140 bo-
nes, dependiendo del peso de 1 V2 a dos libras.
Gracias a la maquinaria moderna, hacer
bon ya no toma tanto tiempo como antes.
Queeman sefiala que batir y dar forma a la
masa le toma como una hora y 20 minutos.
Luego se deja levantar por una hora y 40
minutos y se hornea de 45minutos a una hora.
Aunque cada cocinero tiene su propia
receta, los tres estin de acuerdo en que la
mejor forma de comer bon es con un poquito
de mantequilla, una rebanada de queso
amarillo y un vaso de leche. "Con esto tienes
para un buen almuerzo", dicen.

Probando el "bon"
La ayudante estudiantil de la Divisidn de
Relaciones Pdblicas, Aneyka Ayala, prueba
untrozode "bon "preparadoporun empleado
de la Comisidn del Canal. Aunque el pan
dulce jamaiquino se come todo el afio en
Panamd, es adn mds popular en Semana Santa.
Foto por- Armando De Gracia

Pigina 4

Lista de vacantes

Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Para hacer su solicitud, deberdn presentar el
Formulario443, Solicitud deTraslado, a mis tardar el pr6ximo viernes al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones. Edificio 366, Anc6n.
Quienes sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un puesto designado para prueba al azar por drogas, tendrAn que
someterse a una prueba de uringlisis para descartar el uso de drogas ilegales antes del nombramiento o del cambio de puesto
Para algunos puestos de series de intervalos de un grado donde no existe puesto en la linea de ascenso normal, los empleados
permanentes podrAn calificar con un minimo de un afio de experiencia especializada en puestos en el primer o segundo nivel
inmediatamente inferior.
Cuando se trate de acciones que no sean ascensos, los solicitantes seran calificados en base a requisites modificados cuando
el historial del solicitante incluya experiencia especializada que suministra las habilidades necesarias para desempefiar
exitosamente el puesto.
Las pruebas de que el solicitante califica para requisitos especificos de la posici6n (tales como saber nadar y tener licencia de
conducir) deben archivarse en el Archivo Oficial del Empleado o incluirse con el Formulario 443.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y mdximas de pago por hora, correspondientes a los grados de las
vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados serin colocados en el escal6n, grado y tarifa bisica salarial correspondientes
de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Los solicitantes podrAn revisar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos Tdcnicos de la Comisi6n del Canal
de Panami (Edificio 38, Balboa).
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones al 272-3583.

Jueves_ 9_ de__ abri de19 piia elCnldePnm Pg

Problema Y2K podria sorprender a muchos

Con el ailo 2000 casi a la vuelta, el personal
de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama enfrenta
dos importantes eventos que sucederan a 12
horas uno del otro el dltimo dfadel siglo 20. El
mas fantAstico sera la transferencia oficial del
Canal de Panama al mediodfa del 31 de
diciembre. Se espera que el otro pase
desapercibido cuando el reloj marque la
medianoche y miles de aparatos compu-
tarizados continden funcionando sin dificultad
cuando los ndmeros cambien de 1999 a 2000.
Conocido como el "Problema del Aflo 2000"
o "Y2K", el evento requiere que los aparatos
computarizados reconozcan las fechas como
nimeros de cuatro digitos, en vez de dos, para
continuarfuncionandoapropiadamente. (Para
ms detalles, vea el articuloenestapigina) Por
ser una agencia federal de los EE.UU., la

"Cada sistema de la

CCP es importante

para las operaciones


Comisi6n sigue pautas establecidas por la
Oficina de Administraci6n y Presupuesto de
los EE.UU. para enfrentar el Y2K. El
Departmento de Administraci6n de Infor-
mitica tiene la tarea de hacer ajustes a los
sistemas de informatica a nivel corporativo de
la agencia canalera, ademis de proporcionar
direcci6n y apoyo a los coordinadores de
automatizaci6n de oficinas y gerentes de redes
de area local, quienes son responsables de
revisarequipos yhacercorreccionesenoficinas

de lo esperado al celebrar la llegada del afio
2000. Puede que haya apagones el6ctricos,
que los elevadores se detengan permanen-
temente en la planta baja, que sus autos no
arranquen, que los semiforos est6n inter-
mitentes y que sus cuentas de banco desa-
parezcan. La causa de todo esto se conoce
con diferentes nombres, como El Problema
del Aino 2000, Y2K o el Bicho del Milenio.
El problema comenz6 cuando los
programadores de computadoras, al tratar
de ahorrar espacio en su c6digo de
programaci6n, eliminaron los dos primeros
digitosdel anio, acortandolo, porejemplo, de
1964a"64". Lohicieronparaahorrardinero
en los tiempos en que la memoria y el alma-
cenajeeranmuycaros. Comoconsecuencia,
el problema es que ahora las computadoras
no pueden diferenciar entre los afios 1902 y
"02". Lo peor es que el mal habito no se co-
rrigi6 entonces, cuando se descubrieron las
consecuencias. "Las compafifasde progra-
mas tienen sitios en el Internet con informa-
actualizada llamada "parches", que renueva
versiones especificas de un programa para
hacerlo compatible con el aio 2000", dice la
especialista en c6mputo del Departamento

"Durante un afio y medio hemos estado
trabajando en el reemplazo del sistema princi-
pal por un sistema rliente-servidor, y estamos
sobre el objetivo para el afio 2000. Nuevas
compras de equipos y programas de compu-
tadoras fueron aprobadasporel Administrador
y son parte del programa de modernizaci6n del
sistema de informAtica", dice el gerente de la
Oficina de Estrategia InformAtica, Francisco
Los especialistas en c6mputo de Adminis-

de Administraci6n de Informatica, Eyda de
Roux, al preguntArsele si las compafifas ya
han ajustado las dltimas versiones de sus
programas. "Porejemplo,algunas versiones
del Windows 95 no sontotalmente confiables
y deben ser enmendadas", dice.
Sin embargo, las consecuencias podrian
ir mas alld de su computadora personal do-
m6stica. Los bancos podrian perder sus
registers electr6nicos, los controladores de
trdfico a6reo podrian perder control de su
equipo de monitoreo y el boleto ganador de
la loteria podria perder todo su valor si los
registros desaparecieran. Qu6 puede hacer
usted, ademas de esconderse en un refugio
contra bombas lo mas lejos posible de la
tecnologia modema, cuando los relojes
marquen la media noche?
Podria tratar de mantener copias de sus
registros (tanto en papel como en disco
suave) de balances bancarios, estados de
cuenta de tarjetas de cr6dito y cuentas de
servicios pdblicos, llenar el tanque de gaso-
linadesu auto por si las bombas automaticas
dejan de funcionar y mantener a la mano
dineroenefectivoychequesviajeros. Quizas
tambi6n quisiera desconectar sus aparatos
el6ctricos en caso de que el suministro
el6ctrico se altere. No seria exagerado si
tambi6n decidiera acumular agua potable.

traci6n de Informatica, Eyda de Roux y Angel
N. Sing, son co-coordinadores del comit6
t6cnico que investiga sobre herramientas e
informaci6n disponibles, establece pautas y
ofrece apoyo t6cnico a oficinas individuales.
La Oficina del Inspector General esti
monitoreando el progreso del proyecto para
asegurar que las metas se cumplan. El auditor
del Inspector General, Emilio E. Williams, con
la asistencia del auditor Robert C. Panzer,
trabajaribajo ladirecci6n del gerentede audito,

Enrique S. Ho.
"La concientizaci6n de los empleados es
muy importante muchos asumen que "Aio
2000" se refiere a la transferencia del Canal a
Panama, no a un problema critico de
computadoras", dice Williams.
Con la meta de hacer que todos los equipos
afectados puedan reconocer o reemplazar la
fecha de cuatro digitos, el proyecto a nivel de
toda la Comisi6n ha sido dividido en las
siguientes cinco fases: concientizaci6n,
evaluaci6n, renovaci6n, validaci6n e imple-
mentaci6n. Actualmente, la agencia canalera
se encuentra en las dos primeras fases, que
tienen como fin informar a los empleados del
problema, identificar los equipos que seran
afectados y desarrollarplanes para actualizarlos.
Bajo las pr6ximas tres fases, la renovaci6n
se refiere al proceso de cambiar c6digos de
programaci6n y modificar todos los compo-
nentes del producto y las aplicaciones de

Articulos por Susan Harp

Precauciones pueden

prevenir el problema

Recomiendan tener copias de archivos

negocios, para incluir el reconocimiento de
fechas de cuatro digitos. Validaci6n e
implementaci6n son las pruebas e implementa-
ciones fisicas de los cambios, respectivamente.
Uno de los primeros pasos, ya realizado en
febrero, fue un sondeo a nivel de la Comisi6n
para identificar todos los equipos que pudieran
ser afectados. En apoyo al sondeo, Joseph W.
Cornelison, en su capacidad de Administrador
del Canal, mand6 un memorandum a los
directores de departamentos y oficinas
independientes solicitando total cooperaci6n y
priordad maxima en la aplicaci6n de las
soluciones para el Aiio 2000.
"Necesitamos que los gerentes apoyen a
sus oficinas y a los gerentes de redes, porque
este seri un esfuerzo intensivo", dice Wi-
lliams. Sobre la necesidad de ajustar todos los
sistemas, Sing dice: "Cada sistema de la
Comisi6n es importante para dar apoyo a las
operaciones del Canal".
Las computadoras personales usadas en las
oficinas no son los unicos objetivos, sino
tambi6n los programas, especialmente los
programas internos, y cualquier equipo con
componentes computarizados que use fechas,
como las alarmas, maquinas de facsimil,
sistemas de acceso electr6nico, equipos de
vigilancia, elevadores y hasta las locomotoras
de las esclusas. Por esto, la Divisi6n de
Apoyo T6cnico estA activamente involucrada
en la revisi6n.
El personal de Administraci6n de Infor-
matica ya ha comenzado a actualizar equipos
decomputadoraspersonales, usandoprogramas
especiales para actualizar los circuitos
integrados "ROM-Bios", los cuales dan
habilidades operativas bAsicas a una compu-
tadora. Tienen programado comenzar a
actualizar los "ROM" en las 65 redes de la
Comisi6n en mayo.
Los programas de computadora y progra-
mas internos seran actualizados en marzo de
1999, para asi tener nueve meses para resolver
problemas. Sing explicaquelamejorformade
revisarel uso de fechas en un programa intemo
es revisando el c6digo de programaci6n linea
por linea. "El procedimiento para actualizar
programas internos es tedioso pero no es
complicado", dice.
De Roux ailade que los empleados pronto
notaran etiquetas seilalando el estado de
conformidad con Y2K en computadoras de
oficina, equipos de computadora y equipos
Williams resalta que el tiempo es el factor
criticoparaasegurarquetodoest listo, porque
del tercer milenio, 6ste llegara en punto.

Ayuda para Y2K

en varios sitios

de Internet

Las oficinas de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama que deseen hacerpreguntas, reportar
problemas o pedir apoyo con relaci6n al
Problema del Afio 2000, pueden contactar al
Departamento de Administraci6n de
Informitica por correo electr6nico al Y2K-
Existe informaci6n adicional disponible
en el Internet en los siguientes sitios:
AdemAs, las compafifas fabricantes de
computadoras y programas usualmente
dedican a este asunto una secci6n en el area
de apoyo t6cnico de su sitio de Internet.

Pagina 5

Spillway del Canal de Panama

9 s eveuJ de abril de 1998


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Empleados y dependientes se divierten en Club de Yates de Gatun

Mgs de 160 empleados del Canal y sus
familias transitaron la via acuitica y dis-
frutaron de un dia de diversi6n en el Club de
Yates de Gattn la semana pasada. Dos gru-
pos, del Ramo de Trabajos Interiores de la
Divisi6n Eldctrica y el antiguo Ramo de
Electr6nica, estuvieron entre los primeros en
utilizar las nuevas instalaciones recreativas,
luego de que se hicieron disponibles a los
empleados del Canal los fines de semana.
"Fue grandioso sobrepas6 todas las
expectativas", dijo el supervisor el6ctrico
Manuel E. Quintero, al explicar que no s6lo se
divirtieron, sino que ensefiaron a sus hijos
sobre el Canal con una charla informal duran-
teel viajeen lanchaporel Corte Gaillard. Dos
lanchas del servicio de transporte acudtico, la
Nutria y el Castor, llevaron a 40 personas
desde el muelle de Las Cruces, a trav6s del
Corte hasta Gattin en la mariana y de vuelta en
la tarde. Durante el minitransito, los em-
pleados apreciaron los trabajos de excavaci6n
y dragado en el Corte y disfrutaron de escenas
selvaticas en el Lago Gattin.
Sus contrapartes en el Atlantico atendie-
ron la barbacoa mientras esperaban la llegada

Disfrutando del campo
A la derecha, los niiios se preparan para una
carrera enla quedebian recuperarsuszapatos,
que habian sido mezclados y amontonados.
Las dreas abiertas en el Club de Yates de
Gatfn permitieron a los empleados organizar
una variedad dejuegos al aire libre. Ademds,
los empleados contrataron una camioneta de
la Comisi6n para transportar a los nifios y
otros a la piscina de Gatin. Abajo, los em-
pleados desembarcan de la lancha de la
Comisi6n del Canal, y son recibidosporper-
sonal del Ramo para el Acondicionamiento
FisicodelEmpleado. La instalacidn renovada
estd abierta a los empleados del Canaly sus
dependientes los fines de semana.

de las lanchas. Luego dellegar a Gatin, niios
y adultos participaron en concursos de pesca y
vuelo de cometas,juegos de fltbol y carreras.
Los trofeos y premiosacentuaron la diversi6n.
Quintero da cr6dito a su esposa, la t6cnica en
electr6nica, Maria Elena Moreno-G6ngora,
por organizar con 6xito el dia del grupo.
El lago en si fue otra atracci6n. El supervi-
sor de sistemas de radio de la Divisi6n de Apo-
yo T6cnico, Jos6 Manuel Mddica, dice: "Me
meti al agua y me qued6 allf todo el dia hasta
que fue hora de irnos". Otrosjugaron domin6
o s6lo se relajaron bajo el sol y al aire libre.
Cuatro salvavidas y un supervisor del
Ramo para el Acondicionamiento Fisico del
Empleado, ademds del personal de la Estaci6n
de Bomberos de Gatfin, estuvieron presentes
para garantizar que el dia progresara con
seguridad y orden. Luego, M6dica envi6 una
carta de agradecimiento al Gerente del Ramo
para el Acondicionamiento Fisico del
Empleado, Jos6 Ja6n, que decia: "Felicidades
por el esfuerzo dedicado de todos los que
trabajan alli y por el bello lugar que han
creado". Tambidn felicit6 al servicio de
transporte acuitico por brindar el transporte.

Diversion para todos
En lafoto superior, adultosy niiios disfrutan
deldia en el Club de Yatesde Gatun. Comida,
juegos y natacidn fueron algunas de las
atracciones de las que disfrutaron empleados
de los ramos de Trabajos Interiores y Elec-
trdnica de la Comisidn y sus familias, du-
rante una visita al drea recreativa del Ca-
nal. Arriba, empleados del Canal y sus hijos
disfrutan de las aguas del Lago Gatdn, bajo
la supervision de un salvavidas. Abajo,
Sara Felid, hija del electricista Jorge Felii,
sostiene unpez que atrapd en el Lago Gatdn.
Su hermano, Jorge, gan6 la competencia de
pesca infantil que realizaron los empleados
durante elpaseo.

Disponible Club de Yates de Gatun
Para reservar el servicio de transporte
acudtico hacia el Club de Yates de Gattin
para 40 personas o mds, envie una nota por
correo electr6nico al gerente del Ramo
para el Acondicionamiento Fisico, Jos6
Ja6n, a HRHF, con la fecha seleccionada,
nombre de la unidad, cantidad de personas
y nombre de la persona a contactar. Est6
consciente de que varias fechas en abril y
mayo ya han sido reservadas.

Articulo por Susan Harp
Fotos por Alfredo Ryan &
Maria Elena Moreno-G6ngora

PSeina 6

11., M M .. .

fir ^It

Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Remando hacia el triunfo Foto por Jaime Yau
Miembros de la tripulaci6n del "Due Process ", ganadores de la Carrera de Cayucos de este
ailo, reman hacia la victoria durante el tiltimo tramo de la carrera.

Columna medical

afectan mayormente a mujeres mayores,
pobres o con embarazos no planeados.
La maternidad segura comienza antes de
la concepci6n, con la debida nutrici6n y un
estilodevidasano. Contindacon unembarazo
planeado, cuidado prenatal adecuado, preven-
ci6n de complicaciones en la medida de lo
posibley untratamientodelascomplicaciones
que ocurran pronto y efectivo. Termina con
un parto a t6rmino sin intervenciones inne-
cesarias, el alumbramiento de una criatura
sana y un periodo postparto sano en un
ambientepositivo que apoye las necesidades
fisicas y emocionales de la mujer, el infante y
la familia.
Las principales causas de muertes relacio-
nadas a embarazos se deben a hemorragias
(sangramiento excesivo); pre-eclampsia y
eclampsia (formas especiales de alta presi6n
sanguinea dnica durante el embarazo); y em-
bolia pulmonar (coagulos sanguineos en los
pulmones). Estascondicioneshan prevalecido
por mias de 20 afios. Sin embargo, al menos la
mitad de estas muertes pueden prevenirse
mediante un mejor acceso a asistencia m6dica,
mejor calidad de los cuidados o cambios en el
estilo de vida. Por cada mujer que muere por
embarazo, varios miles de mujeres sufren com-
plicaciones. Estas complicaciones incluyen
v6mitos severos, hemorragias, contracciones
prematuras, altapresi6n sanguineaoinfecci6n.
Para una Maternidad Segura hay que:
Garantizar la Maternidad Segura como
un derecho humano incluyendo el derecho
a asistencia m6dica, derecho a trabajar y
derecho a licencia por maternidad.

... viene de la pdgina 4

Hacer una inversi6n social y econ6mica
para 6sta, lo que beneficiary a la mujer, a su
familia y a toda la sociedad.
Facultar a las mujeres para tomar
decisiones informadas sobre su salud y la
asistencia m6dica, incluyendo informaci6n
sobre los aspectos m6dicos y financieros de
esa asistencia.
Disminuir losembarazos involuntarios
y abortos inducidos, aumentando el uso de
anticonceptivos y tecnologia contraceptiva.
Reducir los embarazos en adolecentes,
educando a chicas y chicos sobre las respon-
sabilidades de la maternidad y la paternidad.
Reconocer que todo embarazo acarrea
riesgos las mujeres deben reconocer las
sefiales de advertencia.
Mejorar el acceso a servicios de salud
maternal de calidad, incluyendo una cober-
turacompleta por servicios de alta calidad al
nivel apropiado de cuidados.
Asegurar cuidados de apoyo durante el
parto para hacer la experiencia de dar a luz
mas satisfactoria para la mujer.
Utilizar el poder de asociaci6n involu-
crando a la familia, la comunidad, el sistema
desalud, la industria de seguros y el gobierno
a favor de una Maternidad Segura.
Medir el progreso de la Maternidad
Segura mejorando la vigilancia de compli-
caciones ymuertes por embarazo en la salud
Para mayor informaci6n sobre este tema,
favor contacte al Centro de Salud Ocupa-
cional mis cercano, o llame al 272-7108 6

Mas de 45 equipos participan

en Carrera anual de Cayucos

Mas de 45 cayucos compitieron a trav6s
del Canal dePanamael fin de semanapasado
en la 45a. Carrera de Cayucos de Oc6ano a
Oc6ano. Treinta y dos de los cayucos, que
tradicionalmente llevan a cuatro, fueron
conducidos por j6venes entre los 15 y 20
afios, compitiendo por trofeos en tres
categorfas: masculina, femenina y mixta.
Otros diecisiete cayucos participaron en la
carrera de tres dias, s61o por la diversi6n de
remar bajo el caliente sol durante horas y
recibir un parche como recompensa.
Este afio, el Rapid Transit fue el centro de
atenci6n, pues intentaba ganar la carrera por
tercer aio consecutivo, pero otros siete cayucos
lograron un mejor tiempo. El "Due Process",
.conducido por Tom Herring, Bob Huerbsh,
Rub6n Prieto y Mike Commeau, gan6 con un
tiempo de 5 horas 26 minutos 27 segundos.
S61o un cayuco puede ganar trofeo en cada
categoria, pero de alguna forma la linea de
partida se Ilena afio tras afio con j6venes y
adultos motivadosporlaadicci6ndecompetir.
John Williford, veterano de seis aios y ac-
tualmente entrenador de cayuco, dice sobre
esta adicci6n: "En la escuela, estAs fuera del
grupo si no compites. Despu6s de la carrera,
siempre dices que no lo volverds a hacer, pero
el pr6ximo aiio regresas".
Este afio, algunos de los participantes de la
categoria de botes que compiten por parche
tambi6n contestaron al llamado de carreras
anteriores. Entreestos, latripulaci6ndel Bejuco
regres6 despu6s de 32 afios de ausencia (vea el
articulo). Un equipo femenino regres6 luego
de30 aiiosparacompetirporprimeravez. (Las
mujeres no fueron incluidas en la competencia
hasta la d6cada de 1970). Connie Zemer

Bumgarer, Judy Walton Davis, Laurel Walton
Thrasher y Malena Bremer Merriam vinieron
de los Estados Unidos para remar en el Tsu-
nami. Davis dice: "Siempreestuvimoscelosas
de que los hombres podfan competir, asi que
regresamos a realizar nuestro suefio".
Otro participante, Ted Henter, tambi6n
regres6 luego de una larga ausencia de Pana-
mi, para remar en el Slave Galley. Henter
tiene el titulo mundial de esquf acuitico para
ciegos. Su ceguera result6 de un accidente
en carreras de cayucos durante dos afios. Al
volver a la carrera este afio, Henter se convir-
ti6 en la primera persona ciega en participar
en esta carrera, y el cuarto lugar que gan6 el
Slave Galley en la categoria de botes que
compiten por parche es evidencia del 6xito de
toda su tripulaci6n. Henter, a quien no lo
detiene la ceguera, adapta programas de
computadora para el uso de ciegos.
Cualquiera que fuesela atracci6n, lacarrera
mantiene un alto interns. Segdn el coordinador
Hugh Thomas, quien tambi6n trabaja en la
Unidad de Administraci6n de Recursos del
Departamento de Operaciones Maritimas, el
50 por ciento de los participantes en la carrera
de este afio eran empleados o dependientes
del Canal, 25 por ciento militares estadou-
nidenses y 25 por ciento residentes panamefios
uotros. Thomas aiadi6quelaagenciacanalera
y los militares ofrecen el invaluable apoyo
logistico y de seguridad, publicidad y servicio
de botes de escolta, y los negocios locales
patrocinan alas tripulaciones. Los funciona-
rios del comit6 de la carrera y los Boy Scouts
agradecieron a la Comisi6n y a otros grupos
que contribuyeron al 6xito de esta actividad.

Carrera reune a antiguos companeros

Por Susan Harp
El primer dia de la Carrera de Cayucos de
Oc6ano aOcdano, los estudiantes de laEscuela
Secundaria de Balboa, Fred Garcfa, Bob
Donley, Bob Hughes y Marshall Harris cau-
saron sensaci6n al llegar aclases con camisetas
verdes tefiidas en casa y aretes de oro en la
oreja izquierda. El aflo fue 1966, y su bote, el
Bejuco, fue el campe6n titular por segundo
afio consecutivo. Al final de la carrera de tres
dias, se convirtieron en los ganadores con un
tiem-po total de 6 horas 52 minutos, y tuvieron
el honor de llevarse el trofeo de la carrera por
haber ganado tres afios seguidos.
Mientras algunos escogerian recordar los
viejos tiempos sentados en una silla de patio,
estos cuatro decidieron recordar mds activa-
menteretomando sus remos la semanapasada
paraparticiparenla45a.carreraanual. Toma-
ron el reto decompetir nuevamente-luego de
un lapso de 32 afios. Como el Bejuco ya no
existe, manejaron elSnafuparacompetirenla
categoria de parches, disponible para parti-
cipantes mayores de 21 afios.
"Era mucho menos formal en la d6cada de
los 60", dice Donley al referirse a la carrera
durante una tarde tropical en Cdrdenas dos
diasantes. El grupohabiaasistidoareuniones
preliminares, aprendiendo sobre las reglas de
seguridad y observando los uniformes
coordinados de pie a cabeza de los competi-
dores adolescentes en la categoria de ftrdfes,

reservada para j6venes entre 15 y 21 afios.
Hughes afiadi6: "En ese entonces era una
carrera de nifios sin patrocinadores y sin mucha
participaci6n de los padres, excepto por la los Exploradores".
ZQu6 motiv6 a estos cuatro excompafieros,
ahora esparcidos por Texas, Arkansas, Vir-
ginia y Florida, a regresar al Istmo y someter
sus cuerpos ya no tan j6venes a esta agotadora
carrera? "Comenz6 como una forma de
divertirnos", dice Hughes. "Desde entonces,
hemos renovado tantas amistades. La gente
hizo remos y camisetas, encontr6 el bote, el
remolcador y los patrocinadores. Tendremos
mis recuerdos de lo que habiamos pensado".
Todo comenz6 hace dos afios cuando Fred
Garcia, cuyo hermano, Tony, trabaja en la
Divisi6n de Mercadeo de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA, rem6 en un cayuco por di-
versi6n durante una visita a Panama. Entu-
siasmado por revivir los buenos y viejos
tiempos, Fred us6 los sitios de Internet crea-
dos por antiguos residentes de la Zona del
Canal que tienen la desdicha de no vivir ya en
el Istmo, para contactar a sus tres antiguos
compafieros de equipo. No se habian visto en
al menos 20 afios. En lo que la conversaci6n
casual se convirti6 en planes serios, tuvieron la
suerte de recibir apoyo local del residente de
Diablo, Jan Weade, quien les ofreci6 el Snafu
e incluso disei6 camisetas promoviendo a los

Listos para remar Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Antiguos compaieros de clases de la Escuela Secundaria de Balboa, quienes volvieron a
Panama para participar en la Carrera de Cayucos de este ahio, posan frente al cayuco
"Snafu ". Desde la izquierda estdn Marshall Harris, Bob Hughes, Fred Garcia y Bob Donley.

cuatro "Verdaderos Hombres (viejos)".
Una semanaantes de lacarrera, comenzaron
a practicar a bordo del Snafu, y Fred Garcia
dijo: "Para gente que no ha estado junta du-
rante 30 afios, pareci6 que hubiera sido ayer".
Weade, cuya hija compiti6 dos veces en el
Snafu en los dltimos afios, dijo que debido a su

Rescatan a empleado
en laimportanciadepracticarlaoperaci6nde
la Escalera Jason al inicio de cada turno, y
revisar el equipo para lograr un desempefio
6ptimo. Sobre su experiencia, Bailey dijo:
"Al usar la Escalera Jason para ejecutar un
rescate, me di cuenta que era mejor de lo que
habia pensado antes".
Bailey y Salazar demostraron la impor-
tancia del adiestramiento ofrecido por la
agencia canalera, trabajando rnpidamente y
manteniendo la calma durante el procedi-
miento de emergencia. "Ahora trabajamos
con mas seguridad y las cosas se hacen con
mAs paciencia", dice Salazar. AdemAs del

participaci6n con losj6venes y el compromiso
queconlleva, "Lacarrerahaayudadorealmente
a mantener unida a la comunidad".
Sin importar cual fue el resultado de los
tres dias de competencia, la carrera parece
haber tenido un alcance adn mayor al reunir
a cuatro amigos una vez mas.

.. viene de la pdgina 3

adiestramiento para el uso de la Escalera
Jason, los operadores y marines reciben
adiestramiento en primeros auxilios, que
pueden poner en practice mientras esperan a
los param6dicos durante una situaci6n de
Carlos A. Tirado, Gerente de Operacio-
nes de Lanchas y Pasacables del Distrito
Norte, entreg6 a Bailey y Salazar un Premio
por Actos Especiales. Tirado los recomen-
d6 para el premio por su acci6n pronta y
confiable al rescatar a un compafiero, si-
guiendo las normas nauticas y los procedi-
mientos de seguridad establecidos.

Pagina 7


Pacrin a

Comisi6n anuncia cursos para empleados

El siguiente es el horario de cursos de adiestramiento que se ofrecerAn a los empleados de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panarn en mayo. Aquellos cursos marcados con un asterisco se dictaran en espafiol. En los casos en
que se indique "vfdeocon" bajo lugar, el curso se ofreceri simultAneamente en ambos lados del Istmo via
vfdeoconferencia. Las nominaciones deben enviarse a trav6s de los coordinadores de programas de adiestramiento
antes del plazo indicado.
Aderns de los cursos listados, hay una variedad de paquetes individualizados de adiestramiento en el Centro
de Multimedios, como "Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras" prerequisito para el curso basico de Windows 95.

Curso (y grupo objetivo) Fechas
Empalme y Pruebas de Fibra Optica (8528) 5/4 8
(personal de EIL e IMTT)
Consejo Obrero-Patronal (8273) 5/13
(todos los empleados) 5/15
Administraci6n del Tiempo para 5/5 y 6
Supervisores (6036) (supervisores)
Administraci6n de Personal para Supervisores: 5/11
Igualdad de Oportunidades (6035)*
Desarrollo del Supervisor: Soluci6n de 5/12 y 13
Problemas y Toma de Decisiones (6034)*
Administraci6n de Personal para 5/14
Supervisores: FECA y CSS (6035)
Administraci6n del Desempefio para 5/15
Supervisores (6044)* (supervisores)
Principios para un Mejoramiento Continuo 5/19 y 20
para Supervisores (6048)* (supervisores)
C6mo Dar Instrucciones Claras (0434)* 5/21
El Equipo de.Trabajo en la Oficina (8421) 5/6
(personal administrativo)
Administraci6n de Archivos (6716) 5/11 14
(personal de oficinas)
Seminario para Personal Administrativo: 5/21
Relaciones Industriales (0669)* (asistentes
administrativos y asistentes de oficina)
Profesionalismo en la Oficina (8420) 5/27
(personal de oficinas y administrativo)
Tdcnicas para Planificar, Programar y 5/27 y 28
Controlar Proyectos (0156)
Habilidades con Nilmeros (6834) 5/4 8
(empleados que trabajan con nmieros)
C6mo Establecer Metas y Planificar la 5/7
Acci6n (8254)* (todos los empleados)
Habilidades Basicas del Trabajador Canalero 5/12
Eficiente (0633)* (trabajadores manuales
no supervisores)
El Trabajador Canalero De Cara al Afio 2000 5/18
y Mas Alia (8422)* (empleados manuales
no supervisores)
Orientaci6n a Empleados Nuevos (0581)* 5/18
C6mo Planificar su Jubilaci6n (6704)* 5/19 y 20
(todos los empleados que planifiquen
jubilarse y quedarse en Panama)
Diagramaci6n de Procesos (8534) 5/26
(todos los empleados)
Trabajar Unidos: El Poder del Trabajo en 5/27
Equipo (6021)* (lideres)
C6mo Manejar Conflictos (0444)* 5/28
(todos los empleados)
Puntuaci6n Correcta (8249) (todos los 5/5
Curso de Lectura (8535) (todos los empleados) 5/14 y 15
C6mo Hacer Lectura de Correcci6n (6833) 5/26 28
(todos los empleados)
Introducci6n a Windows 95: 5/5 y 6
Adiestramiento Computarizado (8350) 5/26 y 27
(quienes tienen Windows 95 instalado)
Introducci6n a Windows 95 (8350) 5/13 y 14
(quienes tienen Windows 95 instalado)
Introducci6n a Word: Adiestramiento 5/5y 6
Computarizado (8340) (quienes han 5/26 y 27
tornado un curso o prueba de Windows
y tienen Word instalado)
Introducci6n a Word (8340) (quienes han 5/5 8
tornado un curso o prueba de Windows 5/7 y 8
y tienen Word instalado) 5/20 y 21
Tareas Automatizadas con Word (8398) 5/11
(quienes han tornado Introducci6n a Word
o su equivalente)
Word, Uni6n de Correo (8426) (quienes han 5/11
tornado Introducci6n a Word o su equivalente)
Cambiando a Word 97 (8533) (quienes han 5/11
tornado Introducci6n a Word o su equivalente)
Word, Tablas (8504) (quienes han tornado 5/12
Introducci6n a Word o su equivalente)
Introducci6n a Excel: Adiestramiento 5/5 y 6
Computarizado (8351) (quienes han tornado 5/28 y 29
un curs o prueba de Windows)
Cuadros en Excel (8428) (quienes han tornado 5/11 y 12
Introducci6n a Excel o su equivalente)
Cambiando a Excel 97 (8532) (quienes 5/13
han tornado Introducci6n a Excel o
su equivalente)
Introducci6n a Excel (8351)
(quienes han tornado un curso o prueba de 5/18 y 19
Windows y tienen Excel instalado)
Introducci6n a Access (8434) 5/18 y 19
(quienes han tornado un curso o prueba de
Windows y tienen Access instalado)
Introducci6n a Access: Adiestramiento 5/28 y 29
Computarizado (8434) (quienes han
tornado un curso o prueba de Windows
y tienen Access instalado)
Introducci6n a PowerPoint (8433) (quienes 5/13 y 14
han tornado un curso o prueba de Windows
y tienen PowerPoint instalado)
Cambi0ando a PowerPoint 97 (8531) 5/14
(quienes han tornado Introducci6n a
PowerPoint o su equivalente)
Introducci6n a PowerPoint: 5/26 y 27
Adiestramiento Computarizado (8433)
(quienes han tornado un curso o prueba de
Windows y tienen PowerPoint instalado)

8:00 4:00

8:30- 4:00
8:30 4:00
8:00 4:00

8:00 -4:00

8:00- 4:00

8:00 4:00

8:00- 11:45

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00

8:30- 4:15

8:00- 11:45

8:00 4:00

8:00- 4:00

8:00 4:00

8:00- 10:00

8:00 4:00

8:30 -4:15

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00

8:00- 11:45

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00

8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00

V1 dias
1i dias

1W2 dias

12 dias
1/2 dias

4:30 7:00
1V2 dias
1/2 dias
8:00 4:00

8:00- 11:45

8:00- 11:45

8:00- 11:45

1 2 dfas
1 dias

IV2 dias
1 dWas

8:00- 11:45

8:00 4:00

8:00- 4:00

1 dias

1V dias

8:00- 11:45

1 dias

Jueves 9 de abril de 1998

Plazo Sitio Una exposici6n de articulos hist6ricos del Hotel Tivoli, el Hotel Washing-
4/13 C.A. ton y los hoteles de la Comisi6n del Canal Istmico estA en exhibici6n en el

4/22 C.A. Centro de Recursos T6cnicos. TambiBn se exhiben utensilios y vajillas de la
4/24 C.A. Antigua Casa del Gobernador, articulos hist6ricosde la Exposici6n Internacional
4/14 C.A. Panamd-Pacifico de 1915 y una colecci6n de botellas antiguas halladas en

4/20 C.A. areas del Canal. Los empleados interesados pueden visitar la exhibici6n de
7:15 a.m. a 4:15 p.m. los dias de semana.
4/21 C.A.

4/23 C.A.

4/24 C.A.

4/28 C.A.

4/30 C.A.

4/15 C.A.

4/20 C.A.

4/30 C.A.

5/6 C.A.

5/6 C.A./717Bal.

4/13 CA.

4/16 C.A.

4/21 C.A.

4/27 C.A.

4/27 Videocon.
4/28 C.A.

5/5 C.A.

5/6 C.A.

5/7 C.A.

4/14 C.A.

4/23 C.A.
5/5 C.A.

4/14 Gatin
5/5 717Bal. Hermoso panorama Foto por Alfredo Ryan
Recientemente, las palmas talipot han llamado la atencion de mucha gente que ha parado
para admirar la magnificencia de suflorecimiento. Estafoto muestra un grupo de seispalmas
4/14 GatOn talipot que embellecen el drea del Caribbean International College (SIC) en Margarita,
5/5 717Bal. Col6n. Originalmente, ocho de estas palmas se encontraban en esta misma drea. El Oficial
de Contratos de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd, Ernesto Cordovez D., sembr6 trespalmas
4/14 717Bal. talipot cerca del muelle de Gatin, justo despuds de haberse unido a la Compafiia del Canal
4/16 Gatin de Panamd como Superintendente deAdministracidn de Terrenos, y dos de ellas estdnfloridas
4/29 717Bal. actualmente. Luego deflorecer y liberar una gran cantidad de semillas, las palmas talipot
4/20 717Bal. mueren entre los 6y12 meses. Elpersonal del Ramo de Sanidady Entomologia ha recogido
las semillas para asegurar que la palma talipot no se desaparezca del drea.
4/20 717Bal.

4/20 Esc. Bal. Actividades locales

4/21 717Bal. Venta de excedentes
La Oficina de Reutilizaci6n y Mercadeo
4/14 Gatdn
5/7 7t7Bal. de la Defensa tendrl una venta de sobre
cerrado el 14, 15 y 16 de abril en el Edificio
4/20 717Bal. 745, Corozal. Aquellos interesados pueden
4/22 Esc. Bal. inspeccionar la mercancfa y hacer ofertas de
7:30 a.m. a 3p.m. esos dias. Habr catilogos
de la venta en el lugar de inspecci6n. Para
mis informaci6n, Ilame a Jos6 F. Gonzalez
4/27 717Bal. al 285-4754 6 285-5071.

4/27 717Bal.

5/7 717Bal.

4/22 717Bal.

4/23 Esc. Bal.

Administrador. Comisidn del Canal de Panama

"Muster" anual de Texas A&M
El Club Texas A&M de Panamatendra su
"muster" y cena anual el 21 de abril a las 7:00
p.m. en el Club de GolfEjecutivo. El orador
invitado serd el Dr. W. Michael Kemp,
Ejecutivo y Vicepresidente de la Universidad
Texas A&M en Galveston. Llame a Lilibeth
B. Langoni al 272-5166 6 226-5630 despues
de las 5:00 p.m., o a Henry Sanchez al 272-
1959 6 223-5318 despu6s de las 5:00 p.m.



Gerente Encargada de la Divisi6n de Relaciones Pbhlicas
Editora Encargada

El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Los articulos que en ella aparecen
5/5 717Bal. pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n, inicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser entregada antes del mediodia
deljueves anterior a la semana de su publicaci6n, o antes del mediodia del mi6rcoles si hay algtn dia feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n.
Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por correo regular para estudiantes y $19 por correo a6rco. Envie
cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n. Ilame al 272-3202 o escriba a la Divisi6n de
Relaciones Piblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panami.

Soillwav del Canal de Panami

Tome nota

Las enfermeras de Salud Ocupacional de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
presentaran un programa de ocho sesiones en el Atlantico para ofrecer consejos
sobre la alimentaci6n saludable y ejercicios. El grupo se reunird el 14,16,21,23,
28y 30 de abril yel 5 y7 de mayo de3:30 p.m. a 4:30p.m. en el Miniteatro de Gatin.
Para mAs informaci6n, Ilame a la Clinica de Salud Ocupacional al 443-5237.

IYbllY~ _ -~- -' - ---- -- - ---- --------

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