Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: August 11, 1995
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00281
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Miter gate rehabilitation
By Tanya de la Guardia The contractor is using an ultra-
Crews are working at the Indus- high pressure water-blasting ma-
trial Division synchrolift to reha- chine to scale the coal tar coating
bilitate two intermediate miter gates that covers the exterior of the miter 1
that were removed from the east gates. Mechanical scaling will be 4,
lane of PedroMiguel Locks late last used to remove material coating I
month. The project involves per- fromtheinsideand, ultimately, shot ^
sonnel from the Locks, Dredging, blasting will be performed for the
Maintenance and Industrial divi- final surface preparation. Indus-
sions, with a local contractor re- trial Division crews are opening 52
sponsible for scaling and painting ventilation holes in each miter gate
the interior and exterior of the miter to facilitate that work. The holes
gates. The rehabilitation project is will be sealed by welders when the
scheduled for completion by the work is completed and the gate air
end of January. tested to ensure water tight integ-
LocksDivisionChiefJorgeQui- rity. Other jobs include replacing
jano says this is the first time these all deteriorated parts, installing new
gates have been mechanically re- bearing plates and new walkways,
habilitated since they were made replacing the upper pintel castings
and installed in the locks. He ex- and performing minor repairs as
plains that intermediate miter gates needed.
are used exclusively to save water Radislav Stankovic, the miter
during the dry season and for doing gate overhaul program coordinator
short chamber lockages. "How- for the Industrial Division, says that
ever," he adds, "since they are be- overhauls are necessary to ensure
ing rehabilitated, they can be used proper operation and increase the
as main miter gates." Continued on page 3 .

By Myrna A. Iglesias
In a team operation involving
personnel from the Maintenance,
Industrial, Dredging and Locks di-
visions, a new softnose was in-
stalled last Friday at the Pedro
Miguel Locks northwest approach
centerwall. Performed during a
scheduled lane outage, the opera-
tion started at midnight and was
completed by 5 a.m.
The softnose is a 62-ton wedge
of reinforced concrete that serves
as a semirigid fender to protect lock
centerwalls. In the event they are
struck by a vessel, softnoses are
designed to absorb the impact; pro-
tecting both the ship's hull and the
centerwall. All locks centerwall
corners are guarded by softnoses
of either concrete or wood, and
whenever a softnose is damaged, it
has to be replaced. The damaged
softnose replaced in last week's
operation had been removed by the
floating crane Hercules at the be-

Continued on page 3 ...

project under way


Photo by Jaime Yau

Photo by Armando De Gracia

In the photo above, Maintenance Division workers make the final
modifications to a softnose as it sits in Gamboa awaiting its installation
at the Pedro Miguel Locks northwest approach centerwall last Friday.
All locks centerwall corners are guarded by softnoses that are designed
to absorb impact in the event they are struck by a vessel.

Administrator sends anniversary message

As we complete our 81 st year
of dedicated service to world
shipping and international trade,
the time is right for reflecting on
the best traditions and the unique
qualities that have enabled the
Panama Canal to successfully
face changes of all magnitudes
throughout the years. Reflect-
ing on the Canal's tradition of
excellence is one way of prepar-
ing for challenges that lie ahead.
Throughout its history, when-
ever challenged by nature, tech-
nology or politics, the Canal or-
ganization has performed well and

proved adept at embracing and
implementing change. At the
Panama Canal, nature is harnessed
for the benefit of mankind; tech-
nologies are constantly scrutinized,
tested and used to modernize and
improve Canal operations; and po-
litical changes are weathered with-
out disrupting the mission of tran-
siting ships quickly and safely from
ocean to ocean.
Just as the world has watched
us perform admirably over the past
81 years, so will it watch as the
Canal enters the 21st century on
December 31, 1999, under full stew-

ardship of the Republic of
Panama. On that date, the Panama
Canal's skilled, professional
hard-working employees will her-
ald in the newly forged future
with enthusiasm and with our
best legacy of dedication to ser-
vice. With so many daunting
challenges successfully met over
the years, I am entirely confident
that the transition will be virtu-
ally seamless and world shipping
will continue to receive the same
high-quality transit service that
has always been a hallmark of the
Panama Canal.

Gate work
Contract workers
repair one of the
two miter gates
that are being
rehabilitated at
the Industrial
synchrolift. The
miter gates were
removed from the
east lane of Pedro
Miguel Locks late
last month. They
will be rehung
during the dry
chamber phase of.
the Pedro Miguel
Locks overhaul
next July.

Canal board overview presented

A story inside this issue intro-
duces readers to the Panama Canal
Commission Board of Directors--
its composition, activities and back-
ground information about each
In its capacity of setting policy
and supervising affairs of the Com-
mission, the board discusses and
acts on important issues facing the
Panama Canal and its work force.
Among matters of particular in-
terest to employees during the last
quarterly meeting of the board on
July 12 were discussion by the Per-
sonnel and Security Committee of a
proposal for implementation of a
productivity incentive bonus sys-
tem as a way to increase employee
compensation through sharing cost
savings that would result from en-
hanced productivity. Panamanian
board members, who also serve on
Panama's Transition Commission
and thus are a direct link in the

development of Panama's organic
law that will govern the suc-
cessor entity, indicated that this
concept would be incorporated into
the current draft of that law. Also
discussed were the importance of
Panama providing employees with
specific information and assurance
at least two years before treaty end
on post-1999 job security and em-
ployment conditions; affirmation by
the committee that they would not
be looking at reductions or freezing
of salaries; potential changes in
U.S. retirement law and Panama
Canal Commission efforts to be ex-
empt from changes that could ad-
versely affect the work force; and
approval of the Transition Mile-
stone Plan that will serve as a road
map for a smooth transfer of the
Panama Canal to full Panamanian
For more information about the
board, turn to page 4.



Vol. XXXIII, No. 16 Friday, August 11, 1995

Crews install new softnose at Pedro Miguel centerwall

- -- -- I


Blasting operations will be
conducted at the Industrial Di-
vision synchrolift in Mount
Hope between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m.
on September 2 and 3. Those
who have business at the In-
dustrial Division are urged to
schedule it for another time.
The blasting will allow the
Panama Canal Commission to
remove the bearing plates of
miter gates that are currently
being rehabilitated at the

Groups celebrate

Canal opening

The anniversary of the opening
of the Panama Canal on August 15,
1914, provides a fitting opportunity
to pay tribute to the men and women
who built the waterway. Two local
groups, the Panama Society of
Friends of the West Indian Mu-
seum (SAMAAP) and the Roose-
velt Medal Descendants, will cel-
ebrate this year's anniversary with
special events.
The Roosevelt Medal Descen-
dants, a civic, non-profit organiza-
tion composed of direct descen-
dants of U.S. citizens who partici-
pated in the construction of the
Canal from 1904to 1914, wil holdits
second annual gathering in con-
nection with this year's anniver-
sary. The group will meet for a
cocktail party at 5:30 p.m. August
15 at the Quarry Heights Officer's
Club. At 9 a.m. August 16, they will
hold a ceremony honoring the
achievements of their forebears.
"We are expecting approximately
40 members," says Marc Quinn, the
former Panama Canal Commission
ombudsman and administrative as-
sistant to the administrator, who
presides over the group and whose
grandfather, Patrick Quinn, was a
Canal builder.
SAMAAP will celebrate the
Canal anniversary with a series of
events, also including a memorial
service in honor of Canal builders.
The ceremony begins at 9 a.m. Au-
gust 15, and will highlight the many
contributions made by West In-
Continued on page 3 ...

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, August 11, 1995

Photo by Jaime Yau

The towboat "Amistad" sits at the dock at the Industrial Division in Mount Hope, while
crews rehabilitate worn and deteriorated parts. This type of preventive maintenance is
performed on all Panama Canal Commission towboats every six years.

Apprentice School crafts courses offered

The Industrial Training Branch has scheduled the courses below to upgrade the skills of Panama Canal
Commission craft personnel. All will be held at the Apprentice School from 7:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Nominations
should be submitted through training program coordinators by the suspense dates indicated. For additional
assistance, call 272-4190. Individualized training packets on a variety of subjects,.including the courses listed
below, are available at the Technical Multimedia Center. Call Ivette Millan at 272-4190 for further information
on the Technical Multimedia Center.

Course (and target audience)
On-Board Diagnostics II (mechanical crafts)
Power System Protection (all electricians and generating
plant equipment operators) (meets Wednesday and Thursday)
Basic Electricity for Mechanics (machinists
and mechanics) (meets every Thursday)
Refrigerant Recycling Certification Training (air
conditioning and refrigeration mechanics)
The Metric System (all employees)
Basic Diesel Engines (all related crafts)
Symbols for Welding (welders)
Basic Coating Inspection (painters, coating inspectors,
painter leaders, painter foremen and those in any related craft)
Gas Metal Arc Welding (welders and supervisors)

Technical Multimedia Center Courses (and number of hours to complete)

AC Motors (8)
AC Motor Controllers (8)
AC Speed Controllers (8)
Bearings (16)
Centrifugal Pump (24)
DC Motors (8)
DC Motor Controllers (8)

Sept. 6 & 7
Sept. 6 -21

Sept. 7-Nov. 9

Sept. 13

Sept. 13
Sept. 14 & 15
Sept. 22
Sept. 27 & 28

Sept. 29

Aug. 11
Aug. 11

Position Vacancy List

Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the
Employment and Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application For Transfer, no later than
seven calendar days from the date of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated
positions (TDPs) will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent
position change. Persons already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a permanent position
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion,
in-service employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-lower or second-
lower level of the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center
(Building 38, Balboa). For in-service actions other than a promotion, modified qualifications will be used to
qualify applicants when their backgrounds include closely related experience that provides the skills necessary
for successful performance.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised.
Employees selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 272-3583).

Permanent positions Salaries Unit Location Vacancies
Office automation clerk, NM-4 $6.29/$7.96 Fin. Mgmt. P 1
Accountant, NM-7/9 $11.34/$18.03 Fin. Mgmt. P 1
Dredge seaman, MG-7 12 $5.85/$6.27 Dredging P 2
(Swimming ability and
shift work required.)
Temporary promotion (NTE 6 months)
Environmental engineer, NM-11 12 $16.78/$21.81 Maint. P 1
(Driver's license required.)
I Only PCC employees will be considered.
2 Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Official
Personnel Folder or attached to the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered
for the vacancy.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

Multimedia Center courses now available

The Panama Canal Commission Multimedia Center has expanded its selection of
Aug. 11 individualized training packets. The multimedia courses now available at Building 717,

Aug. 16 Balboa, are listed below. All take eight hours to complete, except for those marked with an
asterisk, which require 16. Nominations should be submitted to the Employee and
Aug. 16 Management Development Branch on Form 2827, but the space for the date should be left
Aug. 23 blank. Training program managers will be contacted to coordinate scheduling. For further
Aug. 25
Aug. 30 information on the center, call Pilar Mir6 at 272-4866 or 272-1376.

Sept. 1

Digital Circuits (16)
Gears and Gear Systems (8)
Gould 584 Programmable Controller (24)
Industrial Hydraulics (16)
Industrial Pneumatics (8)
Troubleshooting Electronic Systems (24)
Digital Circuits Applications and Troubleshooting (16)

Training courses announced for September
The training courses schedule for Panama Canal Commission employees is provided below. All classes will
be conducted in English with the exception of "New Employee Orientation," which will be in Spanish. Courses
marked with an asterisk have as a prerequisite modules 1 and 2 of "Introduction to WordPerfect." "Introduction
to Microcomputers" is available as an individualized packet at the Panama Canal Multimedia Center (see
announcement on this page). All classes meet from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Nominations should be submitted through
training program managers by the suspense dates indicated.
Course (and target audience) Date Suspense Location
Proofreading Skills (clerical support staff) 9/5 & 6 8/15 Tr. Ctr.
Self Empowerment (all employees) 9/6 8/16 Tr. Ctr.
Career Intern Seminar I (career intern 9/7 & 8 8/17 Tr. Ctr.
trainees) (Prerequisite: "Career Intern Seminar I")
Advanced Cardiac Life Support Preparatory 9/11 13 8/21 Tr. Ctr.
Program (doctors and nurses)
Supervisory Development: Transition to 9/12 8/22 Tr. Ctr.
Supervision (supervisors)
Supervisory Development: Managing Human 9/13 & 14 8/23 Tr. Ctr.
Behavior (supervisors)
Advanced Cardiac Life Support Completion 9/14 & 15 8/24 Tr. Ctr.
Program (doctors and nurses)
New Employee Orientation 9/18 8/28 Tr. Ctr.
Dealing with Conflict (all employees) 9/19 8/29 Tr. Ctr.
Implementing a Customer Service Strategy (supervisors) 9/26 9/5 Gatun
Time Management for Supervisors (supervisors) 9/27 & 28 9/6 Tr. Ctr.
Computer courses
Introduction to WordPerfect Module 1 9/7 8/17 Bldg. 717
(Prerequisite: "Introduction to Microcomputers")
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Merge/Sort 9/11 8/21 Bldg. 717
Introduction to WordPerfect Module 2 9/12 & 13 8/22 Bldg. 717
(Prerequisite: "Introduction to WordPerfect Module 1")
Introduction to dBase III Plus (Prerequisite: 9/12 14 8/22 Bldg. 717
"Introduction to Microcomputers")
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Tables 9/14 8/24 Bldg. 717
(WordPerfect users who need to type any kind
of document that involves columns and rows) *
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Basic Macros 9/14 8/24 Bldg. 717
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Styles 9/21 8/31 Bldg. 717
(WordPerfect users who need to produce long
documents keeping a uniform format) *
Norton Commander Workshop (users who want to 9/25 9/5 Bldg. 717
manage their programs and files in a practical and easy
manner) (Prerequisite: "Introduction to Microcomputers")
Advanced WordPerfect Features: Columns and 9/27 & 28 9/6 Bldg. 717
Graphics (WordPerfect users who need to
integrate text and graphics in the same document) *
Advanced SuperCalc Features: Linking Spreadsheets 9/28 9/7 Bldg. 717
(intensive SuperCalc users) (Prerequisite: "Introduction
to SuperCalc")

Communicating Across Functions Fac
Creating Upward Communication Pro
Making an Impact in the Office Stra
Adapting to Change Plan
Principles of Project Management De(
Perception and Interpersonal Relations Eff
Introduction to Windows Intr
Caring for Your Customer

What's happening
Parents meeting
The Fort Clayton Elementary School prin-
cipal invites all parents of students who will
be attending the school for the first time to an
orientation meeting at 1 p.m. on Friday,
August 18, in the Music Room.

Musical comedy tryouts
Auditions for "Ruthless," a musical com-
edy, will be held at 7:30 p.m. on September
5 and 6 at the Pacific Theatre Arts Centre,
Building 2060, Curundu. For additional
information, contact Ana R. Linares at 286-
3814 or 286-3152.

Panama Canal College registration
Registration for the Panama Canal Col-
lege fall semester will be held from 9 a.m. to
1 p.m. and from 2:30 to 5 p.m. on August 21
and 22 in the college auditorium.
The English as a second language depart-
ment has scheduled placement tests at 1 p.m.
August 14 and 16 and 5:30 p.m. August 15
in Room 204 of Building 1033. For further
information, call 272-3107.

Anniversary sports
The Employee Fitness Branch will cel-
ebrate the 81 st anniversary of the opening of
the Panama Canal with a series of sports
activities to be held from August 14 through
19. The events, which will take place at the
Diablo tennis court, landing and gym, in-
clude a tennis tournament, coed volleyball,
tug of war, three-kilometer race, super
aerobics class, body walking and a stamina
contest. For further information, contact
Roberto Vaca at 272-6827 between 1:30 and
8:45 p.m.

:e to Face: Communicating with Employees
viding Direction and Monitoring Performance
ategies for Maintaining High Performance
nning and Organizing in a Changing World
vision Making and Taking Action
ective Oral and Written Communication
*oduction to Microcomputers *

Children's theatrical production
"The Frankensteins are Back in Town" is
showing at 7:30 tonight and at 2 p.m. August
12 and 13 at Building 2060, Curundu. Under
the direction of D.L. Sima, the cast is com-
posed of children who participated in the
Pacific Theatre Arts Centre summer work-
shop. All tickets are $5. Call 286-3814 or
286-3152 for reservations.

String quartet
The National Association of Concerts
announces a performance by the Swiss string
quartet "Carmina" at 8 p.m. on Thursday,
August 17, at the National Theater. The
award winning group will perform the music
of Mozart and other great composers. Tick-
ets are available at Argosy, Allegro and the
association. For further information, call

Spillway Ij
Administrator, Panama Canal Commission
Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs
Associate Director
Associate Director
Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of
the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without
further permission by crediting the source. All material should be
submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or
by 11:45 a.m. Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of
publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 by regular mail, $4 by
regular mail for students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money
orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call
272-3202 for further information or write the Office of Public Affairs,
Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or
Balboa Heights, Panama.

Pane 2

Towboat rehabilitation

I u u--- --

Friday, August 11, 1995

The Panama Canal Spillway

Commission adopts new dispute-resolution procedure

By Yira A. Flores
During arecentmeetingof labor
and management representatives,
the Panama Canal Commission La-
bor-Management Partnership Co-
uncil introduced a new alternative
dispute-resolution procedure to re-
solve incidents that could warrant
disciplinary actions. With the ap-
proval of Administrator Gilberto
Guardia F., the pilot program was
implemented August 1 for a trial
period of one year.
During the trial period, the pro-
cedure will be limited to marine en-
gineers in the Canal Services and
Dredging divisions, security guards
in the Canal Protection Division
and firefighters in the Fire and Emer-
gency Services Division. The coun-
cil will monitor its implementation
to make adjustments as required.
The experience will serve to de-
velop a procedure for Commis-
sionwide application that will be
submitted to the administrator for
The procedure is not optional
for units and unions participating
in the pilot program. It should be
applied before using the established
negotiated procedures. However,
it does not apply for incidents that
are so serious as to require adverse,
rather than disciplinary, actions.
The goals of the measure, explains
Office of Industrial Relations Direc-
tor Michael Stephenson, are to at-
tempt the resolution of disputes at
the lowest possible level and pro-
mote full and early involvement of
union representatives, full disclo-
sure of all relevant information, open
communication and objective as-
sessments of all relevant facts.
The steps taken under the pro-
cedure begin with a direct supervi-

sor's determination that the proce-
dure is appropriate for a particular
incident. Then, a union representa-
tive is called tojointly help to evalu-
ate the facts. If, after discussing the
issue, a solution is not reached, the
matter is referred to a facilitator or
arbitrator. This person, who is se-
lected from a group of Panama Ca-
nal Commission employees deemed
eligible by virtue of their reputation,
experience and willingness to serve,
is chosen by the union representa-
tive. According to Marine Engi-
neers Beneficial Association repre-
sentative Daniel Goldsworthy, hav-
ing an in-house facilitator or arbi-
trator reduces agency costs and
contributes to achieving solutions
in a friendlier environment.
Alternate management repre-
sentative Enrique Sanchez stresses
that this figure acts first as a facili-
tator, assessing the situation and
trying to maintain a flow of commu-
nication between the parties to help
them reach an agreement. If an
agreement is not reached between
the parties, at this point, the facilita-
tor becomes an arbitrator, bringing
an unbiased perspective to the
matter and recommending action
based on the facts presented by the
management and union represen-
tatives. After the arbitration step,
the management official considers
all recommendations and proceeds
to take the actions deemed appro-
"This new procedure provides
a mechanism to resolve labor-man-
agement disputes before they be-
come a conflict and will create a
reciprocal perspective of coopera-
tion between the parties," points
out Partnership Council Chairman

Carlos Alvarado.
Union representative Felipe Jo-
seph says that this is a good oppor-
tunity to resolve things positively
and favorably, adding that the in-
terests of both parts will be served.
He says, "We've worked hard on
this in order to eliminate communi-
cation barriers so that conflicts do
not become major problems, but
remain mere differences."
"We hope that both managers
and employees take time to analyze
the procedure and adopt it as their
own so that they understand the
great benefits it brings in solving
disputes," Alvarado adds.


New procedure Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Industrial Relations Director Michael N. Stephenson discusses the
dispute-resolution procedure recently implemented by the Labor-Man-
agement Partnership Council with the members of the council. The new
procedure will allow for the resolution of disputes at the lowest possible

level in order to reduce costs.

Softnose ... continued from page 1

ginning of last month.
Specifically designed to fit the
west side of centerwalls, the re-
placement softnose had been sto-
red at Gamboa before its installa-
tion. Acting Exterior Maintenance
Branch Chief Ricardo Chandeck
says that Maintenance Division
crews worked for several weeks
opening new holes and preparing
the centerwall for the new unit,
which has the same dimensions as
the previous one, but is installed
using a different process. "Attach-
ing a softnose to the locks wall is a
complex and precise task," he says.
Construction and Maintenance
Foreman Walford L. Archer notes
that workers also installed two large
steel keys on the softnose. These
keys were designed to fit into the
new centerwall holes and hold it up
while workers screw in the perma-
nent bolts. "The bolts have to be

screwed in one by one so that the
softnose does not lose its align-
ment," says Archer.
The Maintenance Division has
a spare softnose standing by for fu-
ture needs. Chandeck says that the
new model, which was built last
year and is being stored at Miraflores
Locks, features a universal design
that will fit any of the four centerwall

Miter gate
.. continued from page 1
servicelife of the miter gates. Heex-
plains that the Commission's long-
range plan is to overhaul four gates
per year, beginning in 1996 and
continuing through the year 2020.
After their rehabilitation, the mi-
ter gates will be rehung during the
east-lane Pedro Miguel Locks over-
haul next July.

University honors former Canal chief engineer Stevens

By Myrna A. Iglesias
"Work and study is the secret of
90 percent of all achievement."
That's the answer John F. Stevens,
former Panama Canal chief engi-
neer and one of the greatestrailroad
engineers of-all time, gave when
asked to what he attributed his
Stevens came to the Canal after
laying track in Texas, New Mexico
and Arizona and surveying routes
in Montana, Idaho and Wyoming.
After leaving the Isthmus, he be-
came president of one of the largest
companies in the United States;
served five years in Russia, Japan
and Manchuria as head of the
American Railway Commission;
and, in 1927, was elected president
of the American Society of Civil
Engineers. His career spanned more
than 58 years.
Born on April 25, 1853, in West
Gardiner, Maine, Stevens gradu-
ated in 1872 from Farmington State
Normal School, which later became
the University of Maine at Farming-
ton. Having acquired some survey-
ing experience in Maine, he went
west in 1873 for more practical expe-
rience. Aman ofcommandingpres-
ence and considerable physical
courage, he was a pioneering engi-
neer who left the comforts of the
office to meet challenges head-on.
Stevens contributed to the open-
ing of the North American West for

development, discovering :
tana's Marias Pass in 1889 anm
viding Great Northern with the
est grade for any railroad crc
the Rocky Mountains. To
memorate this feat, the con
erected a statue of him at the
tinental Divide site.
One of the Canal's most
venerated construction-
day personalities, Stevens
was appointed as chief en-
gineerin mid-1905 byU.S.
Secretary of War William
Howard Taft. Among his
main achievements in this
capacity were improving
living conditions for work-
ers, providing full support
for sanitation forces, de-
signing and building a mod-
ern railroad system to move
the mountains of dirt and
rock from the excavation
sites, convincing the U.S.
Congress and President
Theodore Roosevelt that o
lock canal could be succes:
built and putting construction
into full swing. Although i
signed suddenly while Canal
struction was still under
Stevens is credited with laying
organizational foundation
which others completed the ta
recognition of his momentous
tribution, Stevens Circle was

cated to his memory in 1962 and
rededicated on June 2, 1993, the
50th anniversary of his death.
This year, his alma mater also
paid him tribute, with the June 3
unveiling of a seven-ton stone me-
morial at the University of Maine at

University honors Stevens
This seven-ton stone memorial honoring
Canal construction engineer John F.
Stevens was unveiled in June at the Univer-
sity of Maine at Farmington.

nly a Farmington.
sfully A university press release re-
plans ported that the placement of the
he re- memorial was initiated by the inter-
1 con- est and generous giftof Donald and
way, Linda Bean Folkers of Cumberland,
Ig the Maine, and by Lawrence M.
upon Sturtevant of North Belgrade,
sk. In Maine, a graduate of Farmington
scon- StateNormal School'sclass of 1940.
dedi- The monument had been located at

Rome, Maine, and was reportedly
donated to the university by Tim-
berlands Inc., a family business in
Dixfield, Maine. It was moved to the
campus by the Washington Monu-
ment Company of West Washing-
ton, Maine.
After leaving Panama, Stevens
remained professionally active,
spending many years in active rail-
road administration, six years as a
consulting engineer and two as
president of Hill Lines subsidiaries
in the Pacific Northwest. He was
appointed to head the American
Railway Commission in 1917, re-
sulting in his being in Russia during
the Bolshevik Revolution.
Together with other American
engineers, he helped maintain
Trans-Siberian Railroad operations
during World War I. When the war
was over, Stevens was decorated
by five nations for heading U.S.
President Woodrow Wilson's ef-
fort to reorganize the Trans-Sibe-
rian and Chinese Eastern Railways
to keep allied supply lines open.
Stevens maintained an active
interest in all of his work and re-
turned to Panama a number of times
to see the Panama Canal in opera-
He died in 1943, in Southern
Pines, N.C., at age 90 and is buried
with his wife, Harriet O'Brien, at
Mount Hope Cemetery in Boston.

Take note
Two offices within the
Facilities Management and
Support Division have moved
to new locations. The office
of the Housing and Build-
ings Branch chief has been
relocated from Building 715,
El Prado, Balboa, to Build-
ing 741, Balboa. The tele-
phone and facsimile num-
bers remain unchanged. The
Budget Section of the chief's
office has been relocated
from Building 635, Balboa
Heights, to Building 744-B,
Las Cruces Street, Balboa.
Whilethe telephone number
of the Budget Section re-
mains unchanged, the new
facsimile number is 272-

Groups celebrate
... continued from page 1
dian workers to one of the century's
most outstanding engineering
The memorial service is part of
SAMAAP's annual "Know Your
Canal" week, which this year will
include a thanksgiving service at
11 a.m. August 13 at the Spiritual
Center in Pueblo Nuevo; the inau-
guration of a photographic exposi-
tion at 10 a.m. August 14 at the
West Indian Museum, located on
21st Street and Justo Arosemena
Avenue; a student tour of Mira-
flores Locks and the Panama Canal
Commission Administration Build-
ing beginning at 9 a.m. August 16;
group visits to the museum August
17; a visit to Summit botannical
park via the tourist train August 18;
and an afternoon tea beginning at
3 p.m. August 20 at the museum.
"We hold these activities to rec-
ognize the West Indian contribu-
tion not only during the construc-
tion of the Panama Canal but
throughout Panama's history,"
says SAMAAP President Carlos

Page 3


Panama Canal Commission Board of Directors

follows treaty mandate to oversee agency affairs

Educated in Mexico and the United States,
board member Emanuel Gonzdlez-Revilla
has vast experience in the banking industry,
having held posts as chairman and president
of various local banks. From 1993 to 1994,
he served as one of the directors of the Inter-
oceanic Region Authority (ARI), the Pana-
manian government entity that supervises
and manages the areas that have been turned
over to the Republic of Panama in accor-
dance with the Panama Canal Treaty.

Educado en Mixico y Estados Unidos, el
directivo Emanuel Gonzdlez-Revilla cuenta
con una vasta experiencia en la industria
bancaria, habiendo ocupado la presidencia
de varios bancos locales. De 1993 a 1994,
sirvid como uno de los directores de la
Autoridad de la Regidn Interocednica (ARI),
entidad panameia que supervisa y admi-
nistra las dreas transferidas a Panamd en
conformidad con el Tratado del Canal de

Under the terms of the 1977 Panama Ca-
nal Treaty, a nine-member Board of Direc-
tors is responsible to set policy for and super-
vise Panama Canal Commission affairs. Five
members are U.S. citizens and four are Pana-
manians. The chairman is elected by the
members. Board members are appointed by
the president of the United States for an
indefinite term, with the Panama government
nominating its four representatives.
The board is currently composed ofChair-
man Joe R. Reeder, Walter J. Shea, John J.
Danilovich, Clifford B. O'Hara, Albert H.
Nahmad, Emanuel Gonzilez-Revilla, Jorge
E. Ritter, Fernando Cardoze and Mois6sD.
Regulations require the board to meet at
least quarterly at times and places that have
been agreed upon by members or designated
by the chairman. At least two of these meet-
ings.must be held in Panama each year. In
view of the significant amount of work to be
accomplished on transition matters, the board
decided earlier this year to hold up to four
additional interim or executive meetings as
needed. In addition, special meetings may be
called by the chairman at the request of any
The board has an Executive Committee
composed of four members in addition to the
chairman. Current members are Reeder,
Cardoze, Danilovich, Gonzilez-Revilla and
O'Hara. Regulations authorize the Execu-
tive Committee to exercise all the powers of
the board when dealing with matters recom-
mended by the administrator that cannot,
because of their urgency, be set aside until the
next board meeting.
The board also has three standing com-
mittees. The Personnel and Security Com-
mittee is composed of Mizrachi, Shea, Ritter
and Nahmad, who serves as its chairman.
The Audit Committee is composed of O'Hara,
Mizrachi, Reeder and Gonzilez-Revilla, who
serves as its chairman. The Transition Com-
mittee is composed of Nahmad and Gonzalez-

Revilla, with Danilovich and Cardoze serv-
ing as co-chairmen.
The Personnel and Security Committee
was created to provide oversight of Commis-
sion personnel programs and policies and of
personnel and physical security programs.
The committee's focus is to ensure a viable
personnel system that will serve effectively
through the remaining years of Commission
operations and that could be carried forward
by the successor entity.
The Audit Committee provides oversight
of Commission financial reporting and ac-
counting practices. It also assesses the ad-
equacy of internal accounting and control
systems through regular communication with
the Office of Inspector General and Commis-
sion financial advisors.
The Transition Committee provides over-
sight of the Commission's planning and ac-
tions in three different areas: the termination
of the Commission as a U.S. government
agency; the transfer of its assets and func-
tions to the designated Republic of Panama
entity, as required by the PanamaCanal Treaty
of 1977; and liaison with and provision of
information and advice to Panama's transi-
tion-planning team.
Transition matters in the personnel and
labor relations areas remain under the re-
sponsibility of the Personnel and Security
Committee. Transition matters in the general
area of financial viability, including such
issues as accruals for liabilities and changes
in tolls rates, are under the responsibility of
the Audit Committee.
However, the Transition Committee is
responsible for staying fully informed of de-
velopments in both these areas. The standing
committees report their activities to the full
board on a regular basis, recommending for-
mal action as required.
The next executive meeting of the board
is scheduled for August 30 in Miami, with a
regular quarterly meeting to be held October
25 in Washington, D.C.

Board members discuss Canal matters during t
require the Board of Directors to meet at least
chairman. At least two of these meetings must

Los directivos tratan los asuntos del Canal dur
reglamentos demandan a la Junta Directiva reut
por el presidente. Al menos dos de estas reuni,

In the photo at right, board members Albert
H. Nahmad, left, and Clifford B. O'Hara
open the gates of one of the Panama Canal
locks. Looking on, in the back, is Locks
Division Chief Jorge Quijano. A resident of
Miami, Nahmad is chairman, president and
chief executive officer of Watsco Inc., a lead-
ing residential air-conditioner distributor.
O'Hara is a World War II U.S. Navy veteran.
From 1953 to 1980, he held executive posi-
tions with the PortAuthority ofNew York and
New Jersey.

En lafoto de la derecha, los directivos Albert
H. Nahmad, izquierda, y Clifford B. O'Hara
abren las compuertas de una esclusa del
Canal de Panamd. Alfondo, observa el Jefe
de la Divisidn de Esclusas Jorge Quijano.
Nahmad reside en Miami y es presidente y
jefe ejecutivo de Watsco Inc., prestigiosa
empresa distribuidora de aires acon-
dicionados residenciales. O'Hara, un
veterano de la Armada de los Estados Unidos
durante la II Guerra Mundial, ocupd
posiciones ejecutivas con la Autoridad
Portuaria de Nueva York y Nueva Jersey de
1953 a 1980.

Educated at Stanford University and the University of Southern California's
London branch, John L. Danilovich, left, is a member of the board of directors A former vice president of the Teamsters union, Walter
of the Bear Sterns Stars Fund. He is also a member of the Advisory Council of Shea brings to the Board of Directors 38 years of union
the Fulbright Commission. Fernando Cardoze, a graduate of Duke University, experience. He has served on U.S. presidential councils
Harvard Law School and the University ofMadrid, is a seniorpartner in the law and was one of nine labor leaders participating in the
firm ofArias, FdbregayFdbrega. Having previously served a term as a member prestigious Quadrangular Forum, sponsored by the Cen-
of the Board of Directors from 1983 to 1985, he returned to the board this year. ter for Strategic and International Studies at Georgetown

Educado en la Universidad de Stanford y la Universidad del Sur de California
en Londres, John L. Danilovich, izquierda, es miembro de la junta directiva de
Bear Sterns Stars Fund. Tambijn es miembro del ConsejoAsesorde la Comisidn
Fulbright. A su lado estd Fernando Cardoze, egresado de Duke University, la
Escuela de Leyes de Harvard y la Universidad de Madrid. Cardoze es uno de los
socios principales de la firma de abogados Arias, Fdbrega y Fdbrega. Ante-
riormente sirvi6 como miembro de la junta directiva del Canal de 1983 a 1985.

El ex-vicepresidente del Sindicato de Camioneros Walter
Shea aporta casi 30 aios de experiencia sindical a la
junta directiva. Ha servido en consejos presidenciales en
los Estados Unidos yfue uno de los nueve lideres laborales
que participan en el prestigioso Foro Cuadrangular,
auspiciado por el Centro de Estudios Estratigicos e
Internacionales de la Universidad de Georgetown.

Since 1973, board member Jorge E. Ritter
has held a number of posts with the govern-
ment of Panama, including minister of gov-
ernment and justice, representative to the
United Nations, minister offoreign relations,
advisor to the president and Consultative
Committee member.

ieir last meeting held on July 12 at the Panama Canal Administration Building. Regulations
quarterly at times and places that have been agreed upon by members or designated by the
we held in Panama each year.

rnte su tlltima reunion celebrada el 12 dejulio en el Edificio de Administracidn del Canal. Los
irse al menos cuatro veces al afio enfechas y lugares acordadospor los miembros o designados
nes deben celebrarse en Panamd.

Photos by:

Fotos por:
Don Goode
Kevin Jenkins

Panama Canal Commission Board of Directors Chairman Joe R. Reeder meets Panama
President Ernesto Perez Balladares during a courtesy call at the Presidential Palace. Looking
on, in the back, is Panama Foreign Relations Minister Gabriel Lewis Galindo. Chairman
Reeder graduatedfrom the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1970 and is now the under
secretary of the U.S. Army. He holds law degrees from the University of Texas and Georgetown
El Presidente de la Junta Directiva de la Comisidn del Canal de Panamd Joe R. Reeder se retine
con el Presidente Ernesto Pirez Balladares durante una visita al Palacio Presidencial. Al
fondo, observa el Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Panamd Gabriel Lewis Galindo.
Reeder se gradud de la Academia Militar de West Point en 1970 y actualmente es subsecretario
del Ejjrcito de los Estados Unidos. Obtuvo sendos titulos en leyes de las universidades de
Texas y Georgetown.

Board member Moisis D.
Mizrachi is involved in com-
mercial and residential con-
struction projects. He is
president of various local
companies and has held sev-
eral posts in the goverment
of Panama.

El directivo Moisis D. Miz-
rachi estd involucrado en
proyectos de construccidn
comerciales y residenciales.
Es presidente de varias
compaiifas locales y ha
ocupado varios cargos en el
gobierno de Panamd.

Junta directiva supervisa asuntos de la

Comisi6n conforme lo estipula el tratado

El directivo Jorge E. Ritter ha ocupado
numerosos cargos en el gobierno de Panama
desde 1973, incluyendo ministro de gobierno
y justicia, representante de las Naciones
Unidas, ministro de relaciones exteriores,
asesor presidencial y miembro del Comite

El Tratado del Canal de Panama de 1977
asigna a una Junta Directiva de nueve miem-
bros la responsabilidad de establecer las nor-
mas y supervisar los asuntos de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama. Cinco de sus miembros
son ciudadanos estadounidenses y cuatro son
panamefios. El presidente de lajunta es ele-
gido por sus miembros. Estos son nombrados
por el presidente de los Estados Unidos por
un periodo indefinido, mientras que el
gobierno de Panama nombra a sus cuatro
Actualmente, la junta esta integrada por
Joe R. Reeder, quien la preside; Walter J.
Shea, John J. Danilovich, Clifford B. O'Hara,
Albert H. Nahmad, Emanuel GonzAlez-
Revilla, Jorge E. Ritter, Fernando Cardoze y
Mois6s D. Mizrachi.
Los reglamentos establecen que la junta
debe reunirse al menos cada tres meses en fe-
chas y lugares acordados por los miembros o
fijados por su presidente. Por lo menos dos
de estas reuniones deben celebrarse en Pana-
ma. En vista de la cantidad significativa de
trabajo a realizar en materia de transici6n, la
junta decidi6 a principios de aiio realizar has-
ta cuatro reuniones intermedias o ejecutivas
como fuera necesario. Ademis, las reuniones
especiales pueden ser convo-cadas por el
presidente a solicitud de cualquier miembro.
La junta tiene un Comit6 Ejecutivo com-

puesto de cuatro miembros, ademis del pre-
sidente. Los miembros actuales son Reeder,
Cardoze, Danilovich, Gonzilez-Revilla y
O'Hara. Los reglamentos autorizan al Comit6
Ejecutivo a ejercer todos los poderes de la
junta al manejar asuntos urgentes reco-
mendados porel administradorque no pueden
ser pospuestos hasta la pr6xima reuni6n.
Lajunta tambi6n tiene tres comit6s perma-
nentes. El Comit6 de Personal y Seguridad
esta compuesto por Mizrachi, Shea, Ritter y
Nahmad, quien lo preside. El Comit6 de Au-
dito esta integrado por O'Hara, Mizrachi,
Reeder y Gonzalez-Revilla, quien es su pre-
sidente. Y el Comit6 de Transici6n esti com-
puesto por Nahmad y Gonzalez-Revilla, con
Danilovich y Cardoze como co-presidentes.
El Comit6 de Personal y Seguridad fue
creado para supervisar los programas y las
politicas de personal y los programas de
personal y seguridad de la Comisi6n. El
objetivo del Comit6 es asegurar un sistema de
personal viable que sirva efectivamente
durante los iltimos aiios de funcionamiento
de la Comisi6n y que pueda seguir siendo
empleado por la entidad sucesora.
El Comit6 de Audito supervisa los infor-
mes financieros y las practices de contabilidad
de la Comisi6n. Tambi6n evahia la calidad
de los sistemas de contabilidad interna y con-
trol mediante una comunicaci6n regular con

la Oficina del Inspector General y los
consejeros financieros de la Comisi6n.
ElComit deTransici6n supervisalaplani-
ficaci6n y las acciones de la Comisi6n en tres
areas diferentes: la terminaci6n de laComisi6n
como una agencia del gobierno estado-
unidense; la transferencia de sus posesiones
y funciones a la entidad designada por
Panama, conforme lo establece el Tratado del
Canal, y el enlace y la cooperaci6n con el
equipo de transici6n panamefio.
Los asuntos de transici6n en las areas de
personal y relaciones laborales se mantiene
bajo la responsabilidad del Comit6 de Per-
sonal y Seguridad. Los asuntos de latransici6n
en las areas generales de viabilidad financiera,
incluyendo temas como reservas para cubrir
riesgos y cambios en las tarifas de peaje, son
responsabilidad del Comit6 de Audito. Sin
embargo, el Comit6 de Transici6n tiene la
responsabilidad de mantenerse totalmente
informado de lo que ocurra en estas dos areas.
Los comites permanentes reportan sus
actividades a la junta directiva con regula-
ridad, recomendando acciones formales cuan-
do sean necesarias.
La pr6xima reuni6n intermedia de lajunta
esti programada para celebrarse el 30 de
agosto en Miami, y la reuni6n trimestral
regular esta programada para el 25 de octubre
en Washington, D.C.

Progresa obra de rehabilitaci6n de compuertas

Por Tanya de la Guardia
Las cuadrillas trabajan en el
sincroelevador de la Divisi6n In-
dustrial para rehabilitar dos com-
puertas intermedias, removidas de
la via oriental de las esclusas de
PedroMiguel afines del mes pasado.
El proyecto involucra personal de
las divisiones de Esclusas, Draga-
do, Mantenimiento e Industrial, y a
un contratista local que lijara y
pintara las compuertas por dentro y
por fuera. Laobrade mantenimiento
debera terminar a fines de enero.
Eljefede laDivisi6n de Esclusas,
Jorge Quijano, dice que es la primera
vez que estas compuertas se
rehabilitan mecanicamente desde
que se fabricaron e instalaron en las
esclusas. Explica que las compuer-
tas intermedias s6lo se utilizan para
ahorrar agua en la estaci6n seca y
para esclusajes de cimara corta.
"Sin embargo", afiade, "ya reha-
bilitadas pueden usarse como
compuertas principales".
El contratista utiliza un aparato

de presi6n de agua ultra potente
para remover la capa de brea que
cubre el exterior de las compuertas.
La brea del interior sera removida
mecanicamente, y la dltimaprepara-
ci6n de la superficie se hara con una
pistola de presi6n. Las cuadrillas
abren 52 agujeros de ventilaci6n en
cada compuerta para facilitar ese
trabajo. Los agujeros se soldarin al
terminar, y se probara la impermeabi-
lidad de la compuerta. Otros
trabajos incluyen reemplazarpartes
deterioradas, instalar planchas de
soporte y andenes nuevos, reem-
plazar piezas fundidas del perno
superior y reparaciones menores.
Radislav Stankovic, coordina-
dor de reacondicionamiento de
compuertas, dice que estos trabajos
son necesarios para asegurar la .
operaci6n correcta y aumentar la
vida de servicio de las compuertas.
Explica que el plan a largo plazo es
rehabilitar cuatro compuertas
anuales entre 1996 y 2020.
Continua en la pdgina 3 ...

reparan una de dos
compuertas que
estdn siendo
rehabilitadas en el
sincroelevador de
la Division Indus-
trial. Las com-
puertas fueron
removidas del carril
este de las Esclusas
de Pedro Miguel a
fines del mes
pasado, y serdn
reinstaladas duran-
te lafase de cdmara
seca del reacon-
dicionamiento de
las Esclusas de
Pedro Miguel en
julio del prdximo

Foto por Jaime Yau



Vol. XXXIII, No. 16 Friday, August 11, 1995

Cuadrillas instalan defensa nueva en Pedro Miguel

Por Myrna A. Iglesias
Una nuevadefensa de hormig6n
semirfgida fue instalada el viernes
pasado en la pared central de la
aproximaci6n noroeste de las
Esclusas de Pedro Miguel, durante
unaoperaci6n conjuntaqueincluy6
personal de las divisiones de
Mantenimiento, Industrial, Draga-
do y Esclusas. Realizada durante
un cierre programado de la via, la
operaci6n se inici6 a medianoche y
termin6 a las 5 a.m.
La defensa es una cufia de
hormig6n reforzado de 62 toneladas
que sirve como defensa semirigida
para proteger las paredes centrales
de las esclusas. En caso de ser
golpeadas por un barco, estas
defensas de hormig6n estan disefia-
das para absorber el impacto,
protegiendo tanto el casco del barco
como la pared central. Todas las
esquinas de las paredes centrales
de las esclusas estan protegidas
por defensas de concreto o madera,

Continda en la pdgina 3 ...

Nueva defensa de esclusas
En Gamboa, trabajadores de la Divisidn de Mantenimiento terminan de
modificar la defensa de hormigdn semirigida que fue instalada en las
Esclusas de Pedro Miguel el viernespasado. Las defensas estdn disefia-
das para absorber el impacto en caso de ser golpeadas por un barco.

Foto por Armando De Gracia

Informan acerca
Esta edici6n presenta las activi-
dades y los miembros de la Junta
Directiva de la Comisi6n del Canal.
Al establecer normas y supervi-
sar las operaciones de la Comisi6n,
la directiva discutey regula asuntos
importantes relativos al Canal y a
sus trabajadores.
Entre los asuntos de interns para
los empleados durante la reuni6n
de ladirectivadel 12 dejulio, est la
discusi6n porel Comit6 de Personal
y Seguridad de una propuesta para
implantar un sistema de bonos de
incentivo a la productividad, a fin
de aumentar la compensaci6n de
los empleados al compartir los
ahorros que producirfa el aumento
en la productividad. Los miembros
panameiios de la directiva, quienes
tambi6n pertenecen a la Comisi6n
de Transici6n de Panama y consti-
tuyen, por lo tanto, un vinculo
directo en el desarrollo de la ley

Al cumplir 81 afos de servicio
dedicado a la industria maritima
mundial y al comercio interna-
cional, la ocasi6n es propicia para
sefialar las mejores tradiciones y
las cualidades dnicas que han
permitido al Canal de Panama
encararcon 6xito cambios de toda
magnitud a lo largo de los afios.
del Canal es una manera de
prepararnos para los grandes
retos que tendremos por delante.
Cuando a lo largo de su
historia, la organizaci6n del Ca-
nal ha sido desafiada por la
naturaleza, la tecnologia o la
politica ella se ha desempefiado

bien y demostrado su capacidad
paraadoptare implementarcambios.
En el Canal de Panama, la naturaleza
es aprovechada para el beneficio de
la humanidad; la tecnologia es
constantemente revisada, probada
yutilizadaparamodernizary mejorar
su funcionamiento, y los cambios
politicos son asimilados sin in-
terrumpir la misi6n de transitar
barcos con rapidez y seguridad de
un oc6ano al otro.
Asi como el mundo ha ob-
servado nuestro admirable de-
sempeiio en estos 81 afios, tambi6n
observard cuando el Canal entre al
siglo 21 el 31 de diciembre de 1999
bajo la total responsabilidad de la

Repdblica de Panama. Ese dia,
los esforzados empleados del Ca-
nal, calificados y profesionales,
recibiran esa nueva etapa futura
con entusiasmo y con el mejor
legado de consagraci6n al
servicio. Despu6s de haber
superado con 6xito tantos
cambios dramaticos ocurridos a
lo largo de los afios, estoy
absolutamente confiado de que
la transici6n se realizara en forma
practicamente imperceptible y de
que la industria maritima con-
tinuara recibiendo la misma alta
calidad de servicio de transito
que siempre ha caracterizado al
Canal de Panama.


Se realizaran explosiones
en el sincroelevador de la
Divisi6n Industrial en Mount
Hope, entre 7 a.m. y 5 p.m. el
2y3deseptiembre. Sesolicita
al p6blico evitar la Divisi6n
Industrial esos dias.
Las explosiones permi-
tirdn ala Comisi6n del Canal
remover las planchas de
soporte de las compuertas
que estan actualmente bajo
rehabilitaci6n en el sin-

Grupos celebran

El aniversario de lainauguraci6n
del Canal de Panama, el 15 de agosto
de 1914, brinda una excelente
oportunidad para rendir tributo a
los hombres y mujeres que cons-
truyeron la via acuatica. Dos
organizaciones locales, laSociedad
Panamefia de Amigos del Museo
Afro-Antillano (SAMAAP) y los
Descendientes de la Medalla
Roosevelt, celebraran el aniversario
de este afio con eventos especiales.
Los Descendientes de la Me-
dalla Roosevelt, organizaci6n
civica sin fines de lucro compuesta
por descendientes directos de
estadounidenses que participaron
en la construcci6n del Canal entre
1904 y 1914, celebrara su segunda
reuni6n anual durante el aniversario.
El grupo celebrara una fiesta a las
5:30 p.m. el 15 de agosto en el Club
de Oficiales de Quarry Heights. A
las 9 a.m. el 16 de agosto realizaran
un acto en honor a los logros de sus
"Esperamos alrededor de 40
miembros", dice Marc Quinn,
antiguo ombudsman y asistente
administrativo del Administrador
de la Comisi6n del Canal, quien
preside el grupo, y cuyo abuelo,
Patrick Quinn, fue uno de los
constructores del Canal.
SAMAAP celebrard el ani-
versario del Canal con una serie de
actividades, que tambi6n incluye
una ceremonia en honor de los
constructores del Canal. La
ceremonia comienza alas 9 a.m. el 15
de agosto y destacard la con-
tribuci6n de los trabajadores afro-
antillanos en una de las obras de
Continua en la pdgina 3 ...

de junta directiva
organica que regird a la entidad
sucesora, indicaron que este con-
cepto sera incorporado en el
borrador de esa ley. Tambi6n se
discuti6 la importancia de que
Panama proporcione informaci6n
especifica y garantia a los emplea-
dos, al menos dos afios antes de
que el tratado expire, sobre la
seguridad y las condiciones de
trabajodespu6sde 1999; afirmaci6n
de parte del comit6 de que no se
contemplaran reducciones ni con-
gelamientos de salario; cambios
potenciales en la ley dejubilaci6n
de los Estados Unidos y esfuerzos
de la Comisi6n por ser exceptuada
de cambios que puedan afectar
negativamente ala fuerza laboral; y
aprobaci6n del Calendario de Metas
de la Transici6n que servira como
gufa para la transferencia ordenada
del Canal. Mas informaci6n sobre-
la directiva en la pagina 4.

Administrador envia mensaje de aniversario

- --- I


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viemes 11 de agosto de 1995

Rehabilitan remolcador Foto por Jaime Yau
El remolcador "Amistad" descansa en el muelle de la Divisidn Industrial en Mount Hope,
mientras cuadrillas rehabilitan suspartes gastadas y deterioradas. Todos los remolcadores
de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd reciben este mantenimientopreventivo cada seis afios.

Ofrecen cursos de adiestramiento industrial
El Ramo de Adiestramiento Industrial ha preparado los siguientes cursos para mejorar las habilidades del
personal t6cnico de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Todos se reunirAn de 7:30 a.m. a 3:30 p.m. Las
nominaciones deben hacerse a trav6s de los coordinadores de programas de adiestramiento antes del plazo
indicado. Llame al 272-4190 para mAs informaci6n. En el Centro T6cnico Multimedia hay paquetes

individualizados de adiestramiento sobre una variedad de temas, ademAs de los cursos que
continuaci6n. Llame a Ivette Millan al 272-4190 para mas informaci6n sobre el centro.
Curso (y grupo al que se asigna) Fechas
Curso de Diagn6stico en el Tablero (oficios mecanicos) 6 y 7 de sept.
Protecci6n del Sistema Eldctrico (electricistas y operadores 6 21 de sept.
de equipo de plantas electricas) (mi6rcoles y jueves)
Curso BAsico de Electricidad para Mecanicos (torneros 7 sept. 9 nov.
y mecanicos) (todos los jueves)
Adiestramiento para Certificaci6n de Reciclaje de 13 de sept.
Refrigerantes (mecanicos de aire acondicionado y refrigeraci6n)
El Sistema M6trico (todos los empleados) 13 de sept.
Curso BAsico de Motores Diesel (todos los oficios afines) 14 y 15 de sept.
Simbolos de Soldadura (soldadores) 22 de sept.
Curso BAsico de Inspecci6n de Revestimientos (pintores, 27 y 28 de sept.
inspectores de revestimientos, lideres de pintores,
capataces de pintores, y oficios afines)
Soldadura de Arco Metalico con Gas (soldadores y supervisores) 29 de sept.

Cursos del Centro Tecnico Computarizado (y horas requeridas)
Motores de Corriente Alterna (8) Circuitos Digitales (16)
Controladores de Motores de Corriente Alterna (8) Engranajes y Sistemas de Engranajes (8)
Controladores de Velocidad de Corriente Alterna (8) Controlador Programable Gould 584 (24)
Balineras (16) Hidraulica Industrial (16)
Bombas Centrifugas (24) Neumdtica Industrial (8)
Motores de Corriente Directa (8) Reparaci6n de Sistemas Electr6nicos (24)

Controladores de Motores de Corriente Directa (8)

aparecen a

I1 aeosto


I1 agosto Anuncian cursos en Centro Computarizado
11 agosto El Centro Computarizado de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama ha ampliado su selecci6n
de paquetes individualizados de adiestramiento. Los siguientes cursos estAn disponibles en
16 agoto el edificio 717 en Balboa. Todos toman ocho horas, excepto los marcados con un asterisco,
16 agosto que requieren 16 horas. Las nominaciones deben enviarse al Ramo de Capacitaci6n de
23 agosto Empleados y Desarrollo de Personal en el Formulario 2827, dejando el espacio de la fecha
25 agosto en blanco. Se coordinarin los horarios con los gerentes de programas de adiestramiento.
30 agosto Llame a Pilar Mir6 al 272-4866 6 272-1376 para mis informaci6n sobre el centro.

Comunicindose entre Funciones
lo. sept. Creando Comunicaci6n con los Superiores
C6mo Crear Impacto en la Oficina
C6mo Adaptarse a los Cambios
Principios para Administrar Proyectos
Percepci6n y Relaciones Interpersonales
Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras*
C6mo Cuidar a sus Clientes

Comunicindose con los Empleados
C6mo Brindar Gufa y Vigilar el Desempefio
Estrategias para Mantener un Alto Desempefio
Planificar y Organizar en un Mundo Cambiante
C6mo Tomar Decisiones y Acci6n
La Comunicaci6n Oral y Escrita
Introducci6n a Windows*

Aplicaciones y Reparaci6n de Circuitos Digitales (16)

Presentan lista de cursos para septiembre

El siguiente es el calendario de adiestramiento para los empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA.
Todas las clases serin en ingl6s, excepto "Orientaci6n para Empleados Nuevos", que sera en espafol. Para los
cursos marcados con un asterisco, el empleado debe haber tornado antes los m6dulos 1 y 2 del curso "Introducci6n
a las Microcomputadoras" ofrecido como uno de los paquetes del Centro Computarizado del Canal de PanamA
(ver anuncio en esta pagina). Todas las clases seran de 8 a.m. a 4 p.m. Las nominaciones deben enviarse a trav6s
de los gerentes de programas de adiestramiento antes del plazo indicado.
Curso (y grupo al que se asigna) Fechas Plazo Lugar
Correcci6n de Textos (personal de oficina) 9/5 y 6 8/15 C.A.
C6mo Desarrollar su Potencial Propio (todos los empleados) 9/6 8/16 C. A.
2o. Seminario para Internos de Carrera (intemos de carrera que 9/7 y 8 8/17 C. A.
han torado el ler. seminario)
Programa Preparatorio de Auxilios Cardiacos Avanzados (m6dicos 9/11-13 8/21 C. A.
y enfermeras)
Desarrollo del Supervisor: La Transici6n a la Supervisi6n 9/12 8/22 C. A.
Desarrollo del Supervisor: C6mo Manejar el Comportamiento 9/13 y 14 8/23 C. A.
Humano (supervisores)
Conclusi6n del Programa de Auxilios Cardiacos Avanzados (medicos 9/14 y 15 8/24 C. A.
y enfermeras)
Orientaci6n de Empleados Nuevos 9/18 8/28 C.A.
C6mo Manejar los Conflictos (todos los empleados) 9/19 8/29 C.A.
C6mo Ejecutar una Estrategia de Servicio a los Clientes 9/26 9/5 Gatin
Administraci6n del Tiempo para Supervisores 9/27 y 28 9/6 C.A.
Cursos de computadoras
Introducci6n a WordPerfect: M6dulo 1 (Pre-requisito: 9/7 8/17 717 Bal.
"Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras")
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Combinar/Clasificar 9/11 8/21 717 Bal.
Introducci6n a WordPerfect: M6dulo 2 (Pre-requisito: 9/12 y 13 8/22 717 Bal.
M6dulo 1 de "Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras")
Introducci6n a dBase III Plus (Pre-requisito: "Introducci6n a las 9/12-14 8/22 717 Bal.
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Tablas (usuarios de WordPerfect 9/14 8/24 717 Bal.
que deban mecanografiar documentos con columnas y filas)*
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Macros BAsicos* 9/14 8/24 717 Bal.
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Estilos (usuarios de WordPerfect 9/21 8/31 717 Bal.
que deban producir documentos largos con un formato uniforme)*
Taller de Norton Commander (usuarios que desean administrar 9/25 9/5 717 Bal.
sus programas y archivos de manera fAcil y prActica) (Pre-requisito:
"Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras")
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Columnas y GrAficas (usuarios 9/27 y 28 9/6 717 Bal.
de WordPerfect que necesitan integrar los textos y las grAficas en el
mismo documento)*
Funciones Avanzadas de SuperCalc: C6mo Unir las Hojas de CAlculo 9/28 9/7 717 Bal.
(usuarios intensivos de SuperCalc) (Pre-requisito: "Introducci6n a

Eventos locales

Reuni6n de padres
La directora de la Escuela Primaria de
Fuerte Clayton invita a todos los padres de
estudiantes que asistirin a la escuela por
primera vez a una reuni6n de orientaci6n a la
1 p.m. el 18 de agosto en el Sal6n de Mdsica.

Audiciones para comedia
Audiciones para la comedia musical
"Ruthless" comenzaran a las 7:30 p.m. el 5
y 6 de setiembre en el Centro de Artes
Teatrales del Pacifico, Edificio 2060 en Cu-
rundd. Para mas informaci6n, llame a Ana
R. Linares al 286-3814 6 286-3152.

Matriculas del College
Las matriculas para el primer semestre
en el Panama Canal College seran de 9 a.m.
a 1 p.m. y de 2:30 a 5 p.m. el 21 y 22 de
agosto en el auditorio del plantel.
El departamento de ingl6s como segun-
do idioma realizard pruebas de ubicaci6n a
la 1 p.m el 14 y 16 de agosto y a las 5:30 p.m.
el 15 de agosto, en el aula 204 del Edificio
1033. Llame al 272-3107.

Deportes de aniversario
El Ramo de Adiestramiento Fisico
celebrarA el 81o. aniversario de la apertura
del Canal de Panamd con varias actividades
deportivas del 14 al 19 de agosto. Los
eventos, que se celebraran en la cancha de
tennis, gimnasio y muelle de Diablo, incluyen
torneo de tenis, voleibol mixto, competencia
de tiro de cuerda, carrera de tres kil6metros,
clase de super aer6bicos, caminata y
competencia de resistencia. Para mas
informaci6n, Ilame a Roberto Vaca al 272-
6827 entre 1:30 y 8:45 p.m.

Obra de teatro infantil
"Los Frankenstein Regresan a la Ciudad"
se presenta esta noche alas 7:30 y el 12 y 13
de agosto a las 2 p.m. en el Edificio 2060,
Curundd. Bajo la direcci6n de D.L. Sima, el
elenco lo forman los participantes del taller
de verano del Centro de Artes Teatrales del
Pacifico. Los boletos cuestan $5. Para re-
servaciones, Ilame al 286-3814 6 286-3152.

Cuarteto de cuerdas
La Asociaci6n Nacional de Conciertos
presentari al Cuarteto de Cuerdas Suizo
"Carmina", el 17 de agosto a las 8 p.m. en el
Teatro Nacional. El celebrado grupo tocard
mdisica de Mozart y otros grandes compo-
sitores. Los boletos se venden en Argosy,
Allegro y la asociaci6n. Para mis infor-
maci6n, Ilame al 225-4951.


Administrador, Comisidn del Canal de Panamd
Director de Relaciones Plblicas
Director Asociado
Directora Asociada
Editora Encargada
El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial
quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Los articulos que en
ella aparecen pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n,
6nicamente acrcditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe scr
entregada antes del mediodla del jucves anterior a la semana de su
publicaci6n, o antes del mediodla del mi6rcoles si hay alg(n dla
feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n. Las subscripciones de 52
ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por correo regular
para estudiantes y S19 por correo aCreo. Envei cheque o giro postal
a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor
informaci6n, Ilame al 272-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de Relacio-
nes Piblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, Unit 2300,
APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panama.

Pieina 2

_ __

Lista de vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los formularios de solicitud deben
presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones (Edificio 366, Anc6n) en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de
Traslado, a mas tardar siete dias calendario despu6s de publicado este aviso.
Quienes sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un puesto designado para prueba al azar por drogas
(TDP) tendrAn que someterse a una prueba de urinAlisis para descartar el uso de drogas ilegales antes del
nombramiento o del cambio de puesto permanente. No se exigird el urinAlisis a los empleados que ocupen un
puesto sujeto a prueba por drogas, antes del cambio de puesto permanente.
Para algunos puestos de series de intervalos de un grado donde no existe puesto en la linea de ascenso normal,
los empleados permanentes podrAn calificar con un minimo de un aio de experiencia especializada en puestos
en el primer o segundo nivel inmediatamente inferior.
Los solicitantes podran repasar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la
Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA (Edificio 38, Balboa). Quienes por raz6n de su experiencia posean las pericias
y habilidades necesarias para ejercer debidamente el puesto, seran calificados en base a requisitos modificados.
Esto no aplica si se trata de un ascenso.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y maximas de pago por hora correspondientes a los
grados de las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para llenar una vacante seran colocados en el
escal6n, grado y tarifa basica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mAs informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones Ilamando al tel6fono 272-3583.

Puestos permanentes Salario Unidad Sitio Vacantes
Oficinista de automatizaci6n $6.29/$7.96 Adm. Fin. P 1
de oficinas, NM-4 (Bilingue)
Contador, NM-7/91 $11.34/$18.03 Adm. Fin. P 1
Marinero de dragas, MG-71 2 $5.85/$6.27 Dragado P 2
(Debe saber nadar y trabajar turnos).
Ascenso temporal (maximo 6 meses)
Ingeniero ambiental, NM-1112 $16.78/$21.81 Mantenim. P 1
(Debe tener licencia de conducir).
SS61o se considerari a empleados de la Comisi6n.
2 La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante Ilena los requisitos especiales debe
adjuntarse a la solicitud o incluirse en el expediente oficial; de lo contrario, no se considerari
al solicitante para la vacante.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama se ajusta a la Ley de Igualdad de Oportunidades.


Viemes 11 de agosto de 1995

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Adoptan procedimiento para resolver disputas

Por Yira A. Flores
Durante una reunion reciente
entre representantes obreros y ad-
ministrativos, el Consejo de Rela-
ciones Obrero-Patronales de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
introdujo un nuevo procedimiento
alterno para la resoluci6n de
disputas, para resolver incidentes
que pudieran requerir acciones
disciplinarias. Con la aprobaci6n
del Administrador Gilberto Guardia
F., el programapiloto entr6 en vigor
el lo. de agosto por un period de
prueba de un afio.
Durante el periodo de prueba, el
procedimiento estardlimitado a in-
genieros marinos de las divisiones
de Servicios al Canal y Dragado,
guardias de seguridad de la Divisi6n
de Protecci6n del Canal y bomberos
de la Divisi6n de Bomberos y
Servicios deEmergencia. Elconsejo
vigilard su implementaci6n y hard
los ajustes requeridos. Laexperien-
cia servird para desarrollar un
procedimiento que se aplique a toda
la Comisi6n, el cual se presentara al
Administrador para su aprobaci6n.
El procedimiento noes opcional
para las unidades y sindicatos que
participan en el programa piloto.
Debe ser aplicado antes de estable-
cer los procedimientos negociados.
Sin embargo, no se aplica a inciden-
tes que requieran acciones adver-
sas, en lugar de disciplinarias. Los
objetivos de la medida, explica el
Directorde laOficinade Relaciones
Industriales, Michael Stephenson,
son procurar resolver disputas al
nivel mis bajo posible y promover
laparticipaci6n total y prontadelos
representantes sindicales, la divul-
gaci6n completa de toda la informa-
ci6n relevante, la comunicaci6n
abierta y la evaluaci6n objetiva de
todos los hechos.

Los pasos a tomar en el procedi-
miento se inician con la determina-
ci6n directadel supervisorde que el
procedimiento es apropiado para
un incidente en particular. Luego,
un representante sindical es llama-
do para evaluar los hechos en con-
junto. Si despu6s de discutirel inci-
dente no se Ilega a una soluci6n, el
incidente es referido a un facilitador
o drbitro. Esta persona, selecciona-
da de un grupo de empleados de la
Comisi6n considerados elegibles
en virtud de su reputaci6n, experien-
cia y disponiblidad de servir, es
escogida porel representante sindi-
cal. Segin el representante de la
Asociaci6n Beneficiaria de Ingenie-
ros Marinos Daniel Goldsworthy,
tener un facilitador o drbitro local
reduce los costos de la agencia y
contribuye a lograr soluciones en
un ambiente mAs cordial.
El representante patronal alter-
no Enrique Sanchez hace 6nfasis en
que esta figura actia primero como
facilitador, evaluando la situaci6n
y tratando de mantener la comunica-
ci6n fluida entre las partes para
ayudarles a llegar a un acuerdo. De
no llegar a un acuerdo, el facilitador
se convierte en arbitro, presentando
una perspectiva imparcial del a-
sunto y recomendando acci6n en
base a los hechos presentados por
representantes patronales y sindi-
cales. Luego del arbitraje, el funcio-
nario patronal considera todas las
recomendaciones y procede a tomar
las acciones apropiadas.
"Este nuevo procedimiento
proporciona un mecanismo para
resolver disputas obrero-patronales
antes de que se conviertan en
conflicto y creari una perspectiva
reciproca de cooperaci6n entre las
partes", sefiala Carlos Alvarado,

presidente del consejo.
El representante sindical Felipe
Joseph dice que 6sta es una buena
oportunidad para resolver las cosas
en forma positiva y favorable,
agregando que los intereses de
ambas partes serin servidos.
"Hemos trabajado duro eliminando
barreras de comunicaci6n para que
los conflictos no se conviertan en
problemas mayores, sino que sigan
siendo meras diferencias", dice.
"Esperamos que tanto gerentes
como empleados tomen el tiempo
de analizar el procedimiento y lo
adopten como suyo para que
comprendan los grandes beneficios
que ofrece para resolver disputas",
afiade Alvarado.

Nuevo procedimiento Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El director de Relaciones Industriales, Michael N. Stephenson, analiza
el procedimiento para resolver disputas establecido recientemente por
el Consejo de Relaciones Obrero-Patronales, con los miembros del
consejo. El nuevo procedimiento permitird resolver disputas al nivel
mds bajo posible para disminuir los costos.

Nueva defensa ... viene de la pdgina 1
y cuando una de ellas se dafia, debe dos grandes llaves en la defensa,
serreemplazada. Ladefensadafiada disefiadas para entrar en los hoyos
enlaoperaci6nde lasemanapasada de la pared central y sostenerla
habia sido removida por la grda mientras los trabajadores atornillan
flotante Hircules a principios del los pernos permanentes. "Los
mes pasado. pernos deben ser atornillados uno
Especificamente disefiada para a uno para que la defensa no pierda
el lado oeste de las paredes centra- su alineamiento", dice Archer.
les, ladefensadereemplazoperma- La Divisi6n de Mantenimiento
neci6 en Gamboa hasta su instala- tiene una defensa de repuesto para
ci6n. El JefeEncargado del Ramo de necesidades futuras. Chandeck dice
Mantenimiento Exterior, Ricardo que el nuevo modelo, construido el
Chandeck, dice que cuadrillas de la aflo pasado y guardado en las
Divisi6ndeMantenimientotrabaja- Esclusas de Miraflores, tiene un
ron durante varias semanas abrien- diseho universal, apropiado para
do nuevos hoyos y preparando la cualquiera de las cuatro esquinas
pared central para la nueva unidad, de la pared central.

instalada empleando un proceso
distinto al de la anterior. "Fijar una
defensa de hormig6n reforzado aba-
tible a la pared de las esclusas es
una tarea compleja y precisa",
El Capataz de Construcci6n y
Mantenimiento Walford L. Archer
dice que los trabajadores instalaron

. viene de la pdgina 1
Despu6s de su rehabilitacidn,
las compuertas se reinstalarin
durante la fase de camara seca del
reacondicionamiento de la via este
de las Esclusas de Pedro Miguel el
pr6ximo aio.

Universidad honra antiguo jefe de ingenieros del Canal

Por Myrna A. Iglesias
"Trabajo y estudio son el secreto
del 90 por ciento de todo logro".
Esta fue la respuesta de John F.
Stevens, ex-jefe de ingenieros del
Canal de Panama y uno de los mis
grandes ingenieros de ferrocarriles
de todos los tiempos, cuando le
preguntaron c6mo habia triunfado.
Stevens vino al Canal despuds
de colocar rieles en Texas, Nuevo
M6xico y Arizona, y trazar rutas en
Montana, Idaho y Wyoming. Al
dejar el istmo, fue presidente de una
de las compafifas mis grandes de
Estados Unidos; sirvi6 en Rusia,
Jap6n y Manchuriacomo lider de la
Comisi6n Americana de Ferroca-
rriles; y en 1927 fue elegido pre-
sidente de la Sociedad Americana
de Ingenieros Civiles. Su carrera se
extendid por mis de 58 afios.
Nacido el 25 de abril de 1853 en
West Gardiner, Maine, Stevens se
gradu6 en 1872 de la Escuela Nor-
mal del Estado en Farmington, mis
tarde Universidad de Maine. Des-
pu6s de adquirir conocimientos de
topograffa, se march6 al oeste en
busca de experiencia en 1873.
Hombre de presencia imponente y
granfortalezaffsica, fueuningeniero
pionero que dej6 las comodidades
Stevens contribuy6 al desarrollo
del oeste norteamericano, descu-
briendo el Paso de Marias en Mon-
tana, en 1889, yproporcionando ala

Great Northern con el paso mis
bajodecualquierferrocarril que atra-
vesaralasMontafias Rocosas. Para
celebrarestahazafia, lacompafia e-
rigid una estatua en su honor en ese
lugar de la Cordillera Continental.
Una de las personalidades mas
veneradas de la construc-
ci6n del Canal, Stevens fue
nombrado jefe de inge-
nieros en 1905 por el
Secretario de Guerra de '
Estados Unidos, William
Howard Taft. Susprincipa-
les logros en esta posici6n
fueron mejorar las condi-
ciones de vida de los
trabajadores, proporcionar
apoyo alas fuerzas de sani-
dad, disefiar y construir un Univ
sistemade ferrocarriles mo- Esta p
derno para mover monta- del in
flas de tierra y roca de los John
sitios de excavaci6n, con- la Un
vencer al Congreso de
Estados Unidos y al Presidente
Theodore Roosevelt que s6lo un
Canal de esclusas podria ser
construido con 6xito y poner en
marcha los planes de construcci6n.
A pesarde que renuncid repenti-
namente, cuando el Canal ain
estaba siendo, construido, se le
acredita el haber creado la base
sobre la cual otros terminaron la
obra. En reconocimiento a su
contribuci6n, el Circulo Stevens fue

dedicado a su memoria en 1962 y
rededicado el 2 dejunio de 1993 en
el 50 aniversario de su muerte.
Este afio, su alma mater tambi6n
le rindi6 tributo, presentando una
piedra conmemorativa de siete to-
neladas, el 3 dejunio en la Univer-

versidad honra a Stevens
piedra de siete toneladas en memoria
geniero de la construccidn del Canal
F. Stevens fue presentada en junio a
niversidad de Maine en Farmington.

sidad de Maine en Farmington.
Un comunicado de la universi-
dad report6 que la colocaci6n del
monumento se inici6 con el obse-
quio generoso de Donald y Linda
Bean Folkers de Cumberland,
Maine, y Lawrence M. Sturtevant
de North Belgrade, Maine, egresado
de la Escuela Normal del Estado en
Farmington en 1940. El monumento
fue donado a la universidad por
Timberlands Inc., un negocio de

familia en Dixfield, Maine. Fue
transportado al campus por Wash-
ington Monument de West Wash-
ington, Maine.
Despu6s de irse de Panama,
Stevens permaneci6 profesional-
mente activo, como administrador
de ferrocarriles, pasando seis afios
como ingeniero consultor, y dos
como presidente de las subsidiarias
de HillLines en el noroestepacifico.
Fueliderde laComisi6nAmericana
de Ferrocarriles en 1917 y estuvo en
Rusia durante la Revoluci6n Bol-
Junto a otros ingenieros estado-
unidenses, ayud6 a mantener las
operaciones del Ferrocarril Trans-
Siberiano durante la Primera Guerra
Mundial. Cuandola guerra termind,
Stevens fue condecorado por cinco
naciones por liderizarlos esfuerzos
del Presidente Woodrow Wilson
para reorganizar los ferrocarriles
Trans-Siberiano y de China Occi-
dental y mantener abiertas las lineas
de abastecimiento.
Stevens mantuvo un interns
constante en todo su trabajo y
regres6 a Panama en varias oca-
siones para ver al Canal en o-
Muri6 en 1943 a los 90 afios en
Southern Pines, Carolina del Norte,
y esta enterrado con su esposa,
HarrietO'Brien, en el Cementeriode
Mount Hope en Boston.

Tome nota
Dos oficinas de la Divisi6n
de Administraci6n y Apoyo
de Instalaciones se han
mudado. La Oficina del Jefe
del Ramo de Viviendas y
Edificios se ha reubicado
del Edificio 715, El Prado,
Balboa, al Edificio 741,
Balboa. Los n0meros de
tel6fono y facsimile son los
mismos. La Secci6n de
Presupuesto, Oficina del
Jefe, ha sido reubicada del
Edificio 635, Altos de
Balboa, al Edificio 744-B,
Calle Las Cruces, Balboa.
El nOmero de tel6fono es el
mismo, pero el nuevo n6me-
ro de facsimile es 272-7458.

Grupos celebran
... viene de la pdgina 1

ingenierfa mas sobresalientes del
La ceremonia forma parte de la
semana "Conoce tu Canal", que
SAMAAP organiza anualmente.
Este afio incluirA una misa de
acci6n de gracias alas 11 a.m. en el
Centro Espiritual de Pueblo Nuevo;
una exposici6n de fotografia a las
10 a.m. el 14 de agosto en el Museo
Afroantillano, ubicado en calle 21 y
Avenida Justo Arosemena;
unagira estudiantil a las Esclusas
de Miraflores y al Edificio de
Administraci6n de la Comisi6n del
Canal a las 9 a.m. el 16 de agosto;
visitas al museo el 17 de agosto;
una visita al parque Summit en el
tren turistico el 18 de agosto, y un
t6 a las 3 p.m. el 20 de agosto en el
"Celebramos estas actividades
parareconocer lacontribuci6n afro-
antillana, no s6lo en la construcci6n
del Canal, sino a trav6s de toda la
historia de Panama", dice el pre-
sidente de SAMAAP, Carlos King.

Pigina 3

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