Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: August 12, 1994
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00254
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text



into the twenty-first century


Friday, August 12, 1994

Commission observes 80th anniversary of Panama Canal

This year, on August 15, the
Panama Canal celebrates the 80th
anniversary of its opening to in-
ternational commerce. The
Panama Canal Commission takes
this occasion to honor the build-
ers and operators of the water-
way. Beginning in 1880 with the
ill-fated French canal-building at-
tempt, through ten years of Canal
construction between 1904 and
1914 by the United States and its
multinational work force, to the
present day, tens of thousands
have brought their intelligence,
skills, training, courage, tenacity
and plain hard work to the task.

Recent editions of the Panama
Canal Spillway have featured the
contributions of noteworthy con-
struction-daypersonages, and this
week's special anniversary supple-
ment highlights the outstanding
work of Dr. William Crawford
The Panama Canal has always
been more than an efficient, safe,
time- and money-saving utility for
the passage of the international
maritime fleet between the At-
lantic and Pacific oceans. Over
the years, it has been designated
as "one of the world's greatest
engineering accomplishments" by

the National Society of Profes-
sional Engineers and as a "mod-
ern civil engineering wonder of
the United States," an "interna-
tional historic civil engineering
landmark" and a "modern U.S.
engineering wonder of the cen-
tury" by the American Society of
Civil Engineers. Thousands of
people come every year to see this
engineering marvel.
Theybegan coming more than
80 years ago, during the Canal
construction period, the women
wearing long dresses and elabo-
rate millinery and carrying para-
sols; the men in white suits and

hats. They came in such numbers
that sightseeing trains with guides
had to be scheduled to take them
to the work sites to view progress
on the locks, Culebra (now
Gaillard) Cut and Gatun Dam.
And they come today, by the tens
of thousands to see the finished
work, some 350,000 yearly to the
Miraflores Locks visitors center
and another 150,000 or more on
luxurious ships that publicize the
Canal as a cruise destination.
What makes the Panama Ca-
nal such an attraction? In today's
rapidly changing world, the Ca-
nal, built more than 80 years ago,
is as operationally current now as
it was then, thanks to its original
sound engineering design and the
dedicated managers and employ-
ees who, over the past eight de-
cades have maintained, improved
and modernized it.
The magnitude of the original
construction is awe-inspiring. It
was built on a scale heretofore
unheard of. Its locks required the
most concrete ever poured, its
lock gates were the biggest ever
hung and the biggest earthen dam
ever built up until that time made
the largest ever manmade lake.
The construction project required
that thousands of workers be
brought from all over the world to
a small, newly formed, undevel-
oped, sparsely populated, jungled,
mountainous country with virtu-
ally no existing support capabil-
ity. Everything had to be brought

from the outside and built from
the bottom up. And it was all
done in just 10 years.
Not all of the difficulties to be
overcome in the digging of the
Canal were engineering problems,
however, and not all of the top
Canal builders were engineers.
The entire construction effort
hinged on making the Isthmus,
harboring such often-fatal dis-
eases as yellow fever, malaria,
bubonic plague, pneumonia and
dysentery, a healthful place for a
huge influx of construction work-
ers to live.
That job fell to Dr. William
Crawford Gorgas, a U.S. Army
colonel, who, through education,
experience and chance, had be-
come the most qualified person
to handle this particular challenge,
a challenge he eagerly accepted
and steadfastly stuck with in spite
of frustrating and disheartening
obstacles. For an account of his
remarkable contribution to the
history of the Panama Canal, see
the accompanying supplement.

The whistles and horns
of all Panama Canal Com-
mission floating equipment
will be sounded at noon on
August 15 in observance of
the 80th anniversary of the
Panama Canal.

Valve removal Photo by Dick Wilson
A group of employees monitor the removal by crane of one of the 29 cylindrical valves that are being replaced
during the current overhaul at Gatun Locks. Scheduled to run until September 9, the overhaul also includes
the installation of cathodicprotection for rising-stem valves and the conversion of 10 rising-stem valves to the
sliding-bearing system.

Locks overhaul continues on schedule

Deep in the Gatun Locks
centerwall culvert, hundreds of
Panama Canal Commission em-
ployees are replacing 29 cylindri-
cal valves, installing cathodic pro-
tection for rising-stem valves and
converting 10 rising-stem valves
from the roller-train assembly to
the sliding-bearing system. This
$7 million overhaul is part of a
long-range program for the main-
tenance of underwater locks
equipment and structures.
"We have more than 400 em-
ployees working a 12-hour shift,
Monday through Saturday, to fin-
ish the work by September 9,"
says Atlantic Branch Superinten-
dent Alexander Gianareas, who

is overseeing his first overhaul at
Gatun since being promoted into
his position in June. Gianareas
explains that an overhaul like this
requires lots of careful planning
in order to minimize the impact
on Panama Canal traffic. "This is
a very complex challenge," he
The locks valves are huge
structures that control the flow of
water to raise or lower vessels in
the chambers. Cylindrical valves
have a life expectancy of 50 years.
The expectancy for roller-train
assembly rising-stem valves is
from 7 to 8 years, but conversion
to the sliding system increases it
to appoximately 15 years. With

the easier-to-maintain sliding sys-
tem, most of the corrosion prob-
lem is eliminated.
Project engineer Juan Wong
says that the overhaul, now in its
fourth week, is advancing a little
ahead of schedule. The conver-
sion of six rising-stem valves has
been completed, with work con-
tinuing on the other four. Ca-
thodic protection has been in-
stalled on eight rising-stem valves,
and 15 of the cylindrical valves
have been already replaced. The
remaining cylindrical valves in the
middle and lower levels have been
removed from the culvert, and
Continued on next page ...

Anniversary message to Canal employees

As we celebrate the 80th anniversary of the Panama Canal,
we would like to express our appreciation to the more than
7,500 men and women who work so diligently to keep the
waterway in top operating condition. Whether you are operat-
ing a locomotive, working in an office or piloting a ship through
the waterway, each of you is performing a task that is essential
to ensuring efficient transit service to the maritime nations of
the world.
It is fitting on this anniversary to pay tribute to the Canal
builders who harnessed the forces of nature to create this great
waterway and to those who have labored ever since to ensure
its legacy of service to the international community. To all of
you, Americans, Panamanians and nationals of other coun-
tries, goes the credit for maintaining the high standards that
have been a tradition at the Canal throughout its construction
and during the eight decades since the waterway first opened
its miter gates to the world on August 15, 1914.
As we face the continuing challenge of change both here
and in the shipping world, we are confidentthat your dedication
and professionalism will ensure the success of the Panama
Canal as it provides passage into the 21st century.

Gilberto Guardia F.

R.P. Laverty
Deputy Administrator


_ __

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, August 12, 1994

First transit Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Panama Canal Commission lockmaster Norman E. Lewtermonitors the transit of the U.S.S. "Supply"through Pedro Miguel Locks during
the vessel's first trip through the Panama Canal. Measuring 107feet in beam and 750feet long it is the first fast combat support vessel
of its kind built by the U.S. Navy. Carrying a crew of 600, the ship was en route from San Diego, where it was built, to its home port of
Norfolk, Va.

Excess disposal procedures to change

The sale of Panama Canal Commission
surplus property is being discontinued at
the Diablo Excess Disposal Unit to en-
courage competition and permit the unit
to handle and dispose of government prop-
erty more efficiently. Surplus propertywill
now be grouped in lots and offered to the
general public through sealed-bid sales.
Minor competitive sales will be con-
ducted by the supervisory property dis-
posal specialist and approved by the Ware-
housing Branch chief. The supervisory
property disposal specialist will prepare a
list that includes the items for sale; their
acquisition cost; the time, date and loca-
tion of the bid opening; the time and date
of inspection; and general sales condi-
tions. These lists will be posted on the

bulletin boards at Sections I and X and at
Building 28 on the third week of each
The Excess Disposal Unit will keep all
mailed-in and hand-delivered sealed bids
unopened and secured until the bid-open-
ing date, which will normally be seven
working days after publication of the sale.
The bids will be opened in the presence of
the Warehousing Branch chief, or his des-
ignee, and two witnesses. The sale will be
made to the responsible bidder whose of-
fer is most advantageous to the Commis-
sion in terms of price and other factors
stated in the solicitation.
Former Excess Disposal Unit custom-
ers are invited to participate in future
sealed-bid sales.

Federal voting rights explained for U.S. citizens overseas

The legal state of residence for U.S.
citizens who do not maintain a legal resi-
dence in the United States for the purpose
of voting in elections is the state where they
resided immediately prior to their depar-
ture from the United States.
This arrangement extends voting rights
to overseas citizens even though they may
not have property or other ties in their last
state of residence and their intent to return
to that state maybe uncertain. Most states
permit these individuals to vote only in
federal elections, although some states may
send ballots containing both federal and
state offices.
In the case of second-generation citi-
zens who have never resided in the United

States, there are no formal provisions at
the federal level that allow them to register
to vote. However the states of Georgia and
Tennessee have enacted legislation that
allows citizens in this situation to register
if either parent is a qualified voter in that
state, with a similar provision to become
effective in Iowa on January 1. In other
states, allowing these citizens to vote is at
the discretion of the local or state chief
election official.
Panama Canal Commission employees
who desire additional information on U.S.
voting rights may contact Berta Bricefio,
the agency voting officer, in Room 254 of
the Administration Building (telephone

Overhaul (continued from page 1)

their replacements are being installed.
Wong adds that an inspection revealed
that an upper-level valve was in bad condi-
tion, so it is being replaced even though
this was not included in the original plan.
In addition, a new access shaft should
be completed today, bringing the total
number of centerwall access shafts to five
(two on the upper level, one in the middle
and two at the lower level).
During culvert outages, other mainte-
nance, such as sealing leaks and perform-
ing minor repairs, is also tackled. Wong
says, "We have to prioritize and do the
most important or urgent jobs first."
Another job that is being done at this
time is the removal of the barnacles at-
tached to the culvert walls. The salt water
in the lower level promotes the growth of
these barnacles, but when the culvert is
dewatered, they decay after two or three
weeks and generate strong odors in the
confined area. Wong says the cleaning has
been effective in greatly reducing these
odors, thus improving the working condi-
tions of employees in the culvert.
Relay operations are being conducted
24 hours a day at Gatun Locks to minimize
the impact of the overhaul on Canal traffic.
Saying that the employees involved are
working very efficiently, Wong predicts
the work will be completed on schedule.

80th anniversary certificate

Jacqueline Toussant, the last remaining
to graduate from the Panama Canal Ap-
prentice School, receives a special certifi-
cate commemorating the Canal's 80th anni-
versary from Panama Canal Commission
Personnel Director George Mercier. The cer-
tificate of appreciation recognizes employ-
ees for their contribution to the Canal's
tradition of service to world shipping. It will
bepresented through adiniistrativepersen-
nel on Monday, August 15, to all permanent
Commission employees who were on the
rolls on May 14. It will also be issued to
eligible individuals who retired or termi-
nated between January 1 and May 14.
Photo by Kevin Jenkins


Society makes changes to anniversary observance schedule

The Society of Friends of the Afro-
West Indian Museum of Panama has
changed its schedule of activities for the
80th anniversary of the Panama Canal.
The service inauguratingthe observance
will be at Emanuel Baptist Church at 10:30
a.m. August 14, and all slots are filled for
the service in Gaillard Cut. The August 16
tour for schoolchildren will include only
the Panama Canal Commission Adminis-
tration Building and Miraflores Locks.

The museum will be open August 17,
with a ceremony at 2 p.m. for student
contest winners. Students visiting Summit
gardens the next day should call the mu-
seum (62-5348). The August 19 partial
Canal transit has been cancelled, but a
dinner for members and guests will be held
that evening. Those interested should call
the museum. The closing ceremony has
also been cancelled, but a visit to senior-
citizen homes will be made on August 20.

Commemorative album Photo by Jaime Fernmndez
Graphic Branch employees Aracellys Yanis, Jaime Gutidrrez and Osvaldo Herrera, three
of the many Panama Canal Commission employees who helped produce a special
commemorative album forthe Panama Canal's 80th anniversary, admire an advance copy
of the finished product. The album is being distributed to all employees.

Page 2

Take note A geological display by the
Panama Canal Commisssion will be
The Communications Branch part of a gem and mineral exhibit
customer service offices in Building sponsored by Valent Recreation
66B, Balboa, and Building 26, Gatun, Center from 1 to 6 p.m. August 20
now close at 3:15 p.m. rather than and 21. For more information or to
3:30 p.m. Office hours for walk-in make special arrangements for base
service are from 7 to 11 a.m. and access, call Miguel Briceio at 87-
from 11:30 a.m. to 3:15 p.m. 6500.


Friday, August 12, 1994

The Panama Canal Spillway

Painting by local artist commemorates

I 80th anniversary of Canal's opening

Page 3

Anniversary artwork Photo by Jaime Fernandez
Eduardo Augustine poses next to the special painting he created to
commemorate the 80th anniversary of the Panama Canal and for the
Canal anniversary publication. The painting will be formally unveiled
at the official 80th anniversary reception ceremony tonight at the
Panama Canal Commission administrator's residence.

Canal builders

Highlighting the contributions He shifted miles of track. He
ofthose whoplayedkey rolesin the drilled scores of holes for blast-
construction of the Panama Ca- ing. He built houses and baked
nal, this series commemorates the bread.
80th anniversary of the waterway. He left the impoverished West
It is dedicated to each of the 75,000 Indies in search of a brighter fu-
men and women whose efforts led ture and better life and worked in
to the opening of the Canal on the sun and in the rain for 10
August 15, 1914. hours a day for a dollar a day --
good wages in those days for un-
The "average worker" skilled labor. His housing was
The laborers who dug the free, and he got three good meals
Panama Canal came from all over for 27 cents a day. Each year, he
the world, but primarily from Bar- and his fellow laborers would send
bados, Jamaica, Martinique, more than $300,000 home to their
Guadeloupe and other Caribbean families.
homelands. What was it like for Today, their descendants --
the average construction-day doctors, teachers, engineers and
worker? He dug and he carried, others-- speak of them with pride.

Unsung heroes of Canal history

include machines as well as men

The vitality of the Panama
Canal on the threshold of a new
century is the theme of an acrylic
painting created by local artist
Eduardo Augustine to commemo-
rate the 80th anniversary of the
Titled "Providing Passage into
the 21st Century," it illustrates the
Canal's 80th anniversary slogan.
The painting depicts early morn-
ing operations at Gatun Locks,
the largest locks complex, with
four giant vessels crowding the
three flights for the first leg of
their southbound transit.
Known for his distinct, detailed
art style, Augustine has captured
a scene that is repeated day after
day at the Canal. Few details
seem to have escaped his eye.
The boatmen receiving a messen-
ger line in a small rowboat, the
line handlers and locomotives
waiting on the center wall, the old
lighthouse with the iron railing on
top, even a Fire Division vehicle
parked in front of the new fire
station -- everything is there.
The scene is painted in soft
colors, with dark blue waters, a
light blue sky, white clouds, gray-
ish concrete structures and white
buildings with red roofs -- all pic-
tured on a bright clear morning.
The vividness of the scene con-
veys the artist's familiarity with
this section of the Canal. His
father, Edmond, worked at Gatun,
retiring from the Panama Canal
Commission last year with 35
years of service, and Eduardo
Augustine remembers bird hunt-
ing there with childhood friends
many years ago.

Augustine was born in
Almirante, Bocas del Toro, and
grew up in one of the many old
wooden houses in Colon. He
began his career as an artist by
painting posters on cardboard,
selling samples of his work in the
late 1960s for $25. He enrolled in
an art class in 1976, and his por-
trayal of life in Colon attracted
the attention of a visiting Panama
government official during the art
exhibit at the end of the course.
Augustine was awarded a schol-
arship to cover his tuition at the
government's art school. "I took
a bus to Panama City and walked
from the station in Calidonia to
the school in Paitilla every day,"
he recalled.

Few details seem to
have escaped his eye.

Augustine's work was again
acclaimed during a school exhibit
and he was awarded another
scholarship -- this time in Spain.
Due to budget restraints, how-
ever, the funding for the trip never
materialized, althoughAugustine
did manage to visit Madrid in
1978. He spent five months tak-
ing classes in a fine arts school
and admiring the works of the
great masters in El Prado Mu-
The following year, his paint-
ings were exhibited at a Panama
City art gallery. Soon, Augustine's
work attracted the attention of
local and foreign collectors and
he moved to Panama City. Among

the numerous honors he has re-
ceived over the years was a first-
place award in Panama's National
Painting Contest in 1981.
Several years later, however,
an accident threatened to end his
career. On June 24, 1989, while
he was returning from his job as
an art instructor at Fort Davis, his
car was involved in a head-on
collision with a bus on the
Transisthmian Highway. Al-
though his seat belt was buckled,
he suffered severe injuries.
Augustine spent 12 days in a
coma and 18 months in bed and
feared he might never be able to
paint again. He has produced
only a few paintings since the
accident, selling them to private
collectors or donating them to
auctions that were raising funds
for various charities. "Pain slows
me down," the artist said, but
added that the restrictions on his
physical activity have caused him
to focus more on his painting,
which has resulted in his improv-
ing his skill.
"I am more mature and in-
volved in my work now," he ex-
plained, adding that he is cur-
rently working on a new exhibi-
tion, which will be titled "Return-
ing to Life."
Now an instructor at the Fort
Clayton arts and crafts center,
Augustine says he is grateful to
the Commission for the opportu-
nity to produce the 80th anniver-
sary painting. "This will be like a
re-encounter with the public," he
said. "They will see that the de-
tails are still there -- that I have
not lost that aspect of my style."

By Yira A. Flores

The many heroes of the
Panama Canal construction ef-
fort include those who conceived
of and gave the approval to begin
the work; the engineers, archi-
tects, doctors and other profes-
sionals who supervised it; and the
thousands of workers who came
to the Isthmus from distant lands
to provide the necessary labor.
The muscle needed for the job,
however, was beyond the realm
of mere flesh and blood, and part
of the credit belongs to the colos-
sal machines that enabled the
workers to complete the task --
especially the 101 steam shovels
that were used to excavate the
Canal channel.
When the United States took
over construction of the water-
way in 1904, the excavators that
had been left by the French were
found to be too frail for the en-
deavor, so new equipment was
shipped in from the United States
as rapidly as possible. The first
steam shovels to be purchased
weighed 95 tons, the largest pro-
curable at the time, and the first
one was put to work on Novem-
ber 11, 1904. By June 16, 1905, all

the French excavators had been
taken out of service.
None of the equipment used
in the U.S. construction effort
captivated the attention and re-
spect of those involved in the un-
dertaking as much as the steam
shovels. To engineers and labor-
ers, the shovels became much
more than mere machines. They
acquired personality and gender
(usually feminine -- even though
they were perfectly capable of
removing thousands of cubic yards
of rock and earth every workday).
The steam shovels were con-
sidered mechanical marvels, gen-
erating awe among manywho saw
their 20-foot steel arms scoop up
boulders weighing several tons
after a simple flick of a lever was
made by a man seated comfort-
ably in a control chair. Easy and
thrilling as it might have seemed,
however, the job of the shovel
operators was exceedingly stress-
ful,, especially because they had to
be careful not to empty the fully
loaded scoops onto the heads of
the many laborers who were also
working in the area.
Every yard of material dug by
the steam shovels was recorded,
and the Canal Record published

Shovels at work
Two steam shovels are seen removing materialfrom the Balboa terminal area in this 1914 photo. Reports of
the day say the shovels could pick up one heavy load, deposit it in a wagon and get back into position in less
than two minutes.

weekly reports on their progress.
An excavation record was set in
March 1909 when 68 shovels, the
largest number ever used at one
time in Culebra (now Gaillard)
Cut, removed more than 2,000,000
cubicyards of material -- ten times
the volume achieved by the French
in their best month. In March
1910, a record was set by a single
shovel when it excavated 70,000
cubic yards of material during a
26-day period.
Almost 98 million cubic yards
of material were removed during

the U.S. construction from
Culebra Cut alone, so even allow-
ing for replacements, the average
shovel there dug out some
1,000,000 cubic yards, despite the
worst kind of punishment year
after year.
On August 27,1913, the Canal
Record reported that all steam
shovel operations in the cut would
be permanently suspended on
September 15 to allow the waters
of the Chagres River to fill the
channel there. The last steam
shovels stopped working in the

cut on September 10, but the shov-
els continued excavations at other
points along the Canal route.
By July 1914, the month be-
fore the inauguration of the wa-
terway, steam shovels had re-
moved almost 250 million cubic
yards of material, overcoming
landslides, floods and many other
difficulties. No machines had ever
been put through such a test, and
their outstanding performance
was definitely a tribute to the
people who designed and built

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, August 12, 1994

Industrial Training Branch announces course schedule

The classes listed below will be offered during September to upgrade the skills of Panama Canal
Commission craft personnel. All will meet from 7 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. at the Apprentice School. Nominations
should be submitted to the Industrial Training Branch by the suspense dates indicated.
Course (and target audience) Dates Suspense
Basic Solid-State Electronics (Maintenance Division air-conditioning & 9\1, 8, 15, 22 & 29 8/12
instrument mechanics)
Ultrasonic Inspection (foremen, supervisors, inspectors, engineers & 9/2, 9, 16 & 23 8/12
quality-control specialists)
The Metric System 9/8 8/12

Programmable Controllers
4T60E Hydra-Matic Electronic Transmissions (mechanical trade
Distributorless Ignition Systems (mechanical trades)

9/13 & 14

9/15 & 22
9/20 & 21

Position vacancy list
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the
Employment and Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application forTransfer, no later
than seven calendar days from the date of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated
positions (TDPs) will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or
permanent position change. Persons already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a
permanent position change.
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of
promotion, in-service employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-
lower or second-lower level of the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources
Center (Building 38, Balboa). For actions other than a promotion, modified qualifications will be used to
qualify applicants when their backgrounds include closely related experience that provides the skills
necessary for successful performance.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised.
Employees selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance with
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 52-3583).

Commission schedules training courses for Septe

The list of training courses that will be offered to Panama Canal Commission employ
September is provided below. Allwill be conducted in English except for "New Employee Orien
the morning session of "Back School and Body Mechanics," which will be in Spanish. Nominati
be received through training program coordinators by the suspense dates indicated. In addition t
classes, Module 9 of the Clerical Training Program will include "Advanced WordPerfect Featu
Macros" on September 12 and 13, "Norton Commander Workshop" on September 14 and "I
Center" on September 15 and 16. There are also a number of individualized training packets c
of subjects at the Panama Canal Multimedia Center, among them "Introduction to Microcon
prerequisite to the classes marked with an asterisk. "Introduction to WordPerfect" is a prerequ

advanced WordPerfect courses.
Course (and target audience)
How to Give Clear Instructions to My Subordinates
A Guide to Managing Difficult Employees (supervisors)
TSM 1000 Overview (Electronics Branch technicians)
Working Together: The Power of Teamwork (leaders)
Basic Occupational Health Update for Nurses and
Ethics in Federal Contracting (Purchasing and Contracts
Branch staff)
Boiler Optimization (Electrical Division personnel)
EMD 645 Diesel Engine (Industrial Division personnel)
Back School and Body Mechanics

Dates Times
9/1 8:00 -4:00

9/1 & 2
9/7 & 8
9/12 -14

The Competent Communicator II ("Managerial Assess- 9/13
ment of Proficiency" participants, managers & execu-
Customer Service: It Pays to Please (office support staff) 9/14
The Other Side of Delegation 8/19
Technical Writing (engineers & architects) 9/19
New Employee Orientation 9/26
Planning for Retirement (employees planning to retire in 9/26
five years) 9/28
Supervisory Development II 9/26
Basic Layout and Design/Basic Pasteup (Public Affairs 9/27
Office personnel)
Electrical Maintenance for Cranes (electricians from the 9/26
Industrial, Maintenance, Electrical & Locks divisions & 9/28
the Industrial Training branch at the MG-10 grade level
& above)
Mechanical Maintenance for Cranes (mechanics from the 9/28
Industrial, Maintenance & Locks division & Industrial 9/29
Training & Safety Operations branches at grades
MG-10 & above)
Principles and Applications of Ergonomics (branch chiefs 9/27
& above, Safety and Health Committee members &
union representatives)
Position Description Writing (Engineering & Construc- 9/27
tion Bureau supervisors & clerical & administrative
Position Description Writing (Marine Bureau supervisors 9/29
& clerical & administrative personnel)
Principles and Applications of Ergonomics (industrial, 9/28
mechanical, electrical & plant engineers; overhaul
workers; architects; health & safety professionals; &
general foremen)
Introduction to Supercalc* 9/5 -
Introduction to dBase III Plus* 9/7 -
Advanced WordPerfect Features--Merge/Sort 9/7
Norton Commander Workshop* 9/9


8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 4:00
8:00 -4:00
8:00- 4:00
8:00- 4:00
7:45 11:45
12:45 4:15
8:00 -4:00

8:00 4:00.
8:00 4:00
-21 8:00- 4:00
8:00- 4:00
& 27 8:00 4:00
8:00 11:45
- 30 8:00- 4:00
-29 8:00 -4:00

& 27 8:00 4:00
8:00 11:45

12:45 4:00
& 30 8:00- 4:00




mber Permanent positions
Chemist, NM-7/11 12 3 (Knowledge of Spanish,
'ees during swimming ability, shift work and driver's license
tation" and required.)
ions should Clerical assistant (stenography/office automation,
:o the listed NM-6 14 (Bilingual)(Shorthand at 80 words per
ures: Basic minute and driver's license required.)
Multimedia General engineer, NM-12 12 s (Bilingual)(Swim-
on a variety ming ability and driver's license required.)
nputers," a General engineer, NM-11 12s (Bilingual)(Swim-
lisite to the ming ability and driver's license required.)
Office automation clerk, NM-3 1 (Bilingual)
Location Personnel clerk (office automation), NM-4 12
Trng. Ctr. (Bilingual)
Rates analyst, NM-11/12 2
Gatun Small craft operator, MG-812 3 (Swimming ability,
Trng. Ctr. driver's license and motorboat license required.)
Trng. Ctr. Temporary promotion (not to exceed 90 days)
Trng. Ctr. Secretary (typing), NM-612
Trng. Ctr. Temporary promotions (not to exceed one year)
Trng. Ctr. General engineer, NM-12 12 6 (Driver's license
Trng. Ctr. required.)
Trng. Ctr. General engineer, NM-11 12s (Bilingual)(Swim-
Ind. Div. ming ability and driver's license required.)

Salaries Unit Location Vacancies
$11.11/$21.38 Fire P 3

$10.00/$13.00 Exec. Admin. P 1

$19.71/$25.63 Locks P 1

$16.45/$21.38 Locks P 1

$5.64/$7.14 Personnel Ops. P 1
$6.17/$7.80 Personnel Ops. P 1

$16.45/$25.63 Financial Mgmt. P 1
$6.79/$7.24 Dredging A 1

$10.00/$13.00 Financial Mgmt. P 1

$19.71/$25.63 Maintenance A 1

$16.45/$21.38 Locks P 1

Trng. Ctr. Temporary promotion or detail (not to exceed two months)
Trng. Ctr. Employee compensation claims examiner, $11.11/$19.46 Occ. Health P 1
Trng. Ctr. NM-7/10 2 (Bilingual)
1Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Official Personnel Folder or
attached to the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered for the vacancy.
Trng. Ctr. 2 Only PCC employees will be considered.
Trng. Ctr. 3Testing-designated position.
Trng. Ctr. 4 Clearance to handle or safeguard classified materials is required.
Trng. Ctr. 5 Must have a substantial background in at least two of the following disciplines: mechanical, civil,
Gatun electrical-electronics and industrial engineering.
6 Must have a substantial background in at least two of the following disciplines: environmental, civil,
Trng. Ctr. mechanical and chemical engineering.
Trng. Ctr. The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

9/6 Trng. Ctr.

9/7 Trng. Ctr.

8:00 10:00 9/7 Trng. Ctr.

& 28 8:00 4:00

& 30 8:00-4:00

& 29 8:00- 4:00



Norton Commander Workshop* (Canal Services Division 9/16
marine engineers)
Advanced WordPerfect Features-Tables 9/9
Advanced WordPerfect Features--Tables (Canal Services 9/15
Introduction to WordPerfect* 9/12

7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00

- 14

9/12 14

7:30 4:00
7:30- 4:00

7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00

Introduction to Databases Using DBU and R&R (Canal 9/12 14 7:30 4:00
Services engineers)
Introduction to Foxpro 2.5* (employees from the Con- 9/27 29 7:30 4:00
struction & Electrical divisions)



Administrator, Panama Canal Commission

Deputy Admini

Director of Public Affairs

Associate Director

Associate Dir

The Panama Canal Spillway s an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission, Articles may be
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before pu
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are 56 by regular ma
students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission.
information or write the Office of Public Affairs, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or

9/6 Trng. Ctr.

Trng. Ctr.

Trng. Ctr.

Bldg. 717
Bldg. 717
Bldg. 717
Bldg. 717
Bldg. 717

Rldr 717

Pacific soccer champs Photo by Roberto Vaca
Members of the Pedro Miguel Locks soccer team display their trophies after winning the
Panama Canal Commission divisional championship on the Pacific side.

What's happening

8/25 BdgI. 717 La Follia concert
Panama's National Concert Associa-
8/22 Bldg. 717 tion is sponsoring a performance by the
8/22 Bldg. 717 French chamber orchestra La Follia, on
8/29 Gatun Wednesday, August 17, at the ATLAPA
Convention Center. Tickets are available

9/6 Bldg. 717 at the association (25-4951).

Martial arts
The Gamboa Civic Center and Pacific
Theater Arts Center are sponsoring classes
in the Korean martial art of Tang Soo Do.
Aries Fernandez, who holds the rank of
.AVERTY fifth dan, is leading the classes in Gamboa
istrator from 5:30 to 7 p.m. Mondays and Wednes-

days, with Debora Nissenbaum, a second
N-RIOS dan, instructing the class at the arts center
in Curundu from 6 to 7:30 p.m. Tuesdays
and Thursdays. The classes are open to all
reprinted withoutfurher Panama Canal Commission employees and
publication or by 11:45 a.m,
ail, $4 by regular mail for dependents over age 5. For information,
Call 52-3202 for further
Balboa Heights. Panama. call Nissenbaum at 86-3630 or 87-5341.

Surplus sale
The Defense Reutilization and Mar-
keting Office will conduct a surplus sale
August 15 at Building 745, Corozal.

Nature fair
The ninth annual Nature Fair will be
held at the Gamboa Community Center
from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.on Saturday, October
1. For more information, call Sofia Broce
(56-6378) or Llori Gibson (56-6384).

Dive club news
The Balboa Dive Club is organizing a
trip to Bocas del Toro from September 3 to
5. The cost of $275 per person will include
round-trip air fare, accommodations,
meals, entertainment, an environmental
orientation, five guided boat dives, tanks
and weights. A deposit of $100 is required
to reserve a slot.
The club is accepting entries through
September 14 for its 1994 photography
contest. All entries must be color slides
accompanied by an official entry form.
For details, call 63-8077 or 50-0075.

Page 4

- -- ----.- - --






Asegurando el paso hacia el siglo veintiuno


994V X 16 V s 12 de a o de
Vol. XXXII. NQ 16 Viernes 12 de agosto de 1994

Comisi6n celebra 80 aniversario del Canal de Panama

El 15 de agosto de este afio, el
Canal de PanamA celebra el 80
aniversario de su apertura al
comercio internacional. La
Comisi6n del Canal aprovecha la
ocasi6n para honrar a los
constructores y operadores de la
via acuAtica. Desde 1880 con el
malogrado intento del canal
francs, seguido de diez afios de
construcci6n entre 1904 y 1914
por los Estados Unidos y una
fuerza laboral multinacional,
hasta la actualidad, decenas de
miles han aportado su inteli-
gencia, habilidad, educaci6n,
coraje, tenacidad ytrabajo duro a
la tarea. Ediciones recientes del
Spillway han mostrado las

contribuciones de constructores
notables y, esta semana, el
suplemento especial de aniver-
sario resalta el trabajo sobre-
saliente del Dr. William Crawford
El Canal de Panama siempre
ha sido mas que una empresa de
servicio internacional eficiente y
segura, que ahorra tiempo y
dinero con el paso de la flota
maritima internacional entre el
Atlantico y el Pacifico. A lo largo
de los afios, el Canal ha sido
designado como "uno de los
mayores logros de ingenieria del
mundo" por la Sociedad Nacional
de Ingenieros Profesionales y
como una "maravilla moderna de

la ingenieria civil de los Estados
Unidos", un "monumento hist6-
rico internacional de la ingenieria
civil" y una "maravilla moderna
de ingenieria estadounidense del
siglo" por la Sociedad Americana
de Ingenieros Civiles. Miles de
personas vienen cada aiio para
admirar esta maravilla de
Empezaron a llegar hace mis
de 80 afios, durante el period de
construcci6n, la mujeres usando
trajes largos, sombreros elegantes
y sombrillas; los hombres en
vestidos blancos y sombreros.
Llegaron en tales cantidades que
se programaron trenes con guias
para llevarlos a los sitios de trabajo

para observar el progreso en las
esclusas, el Corte Culebra (ahora
Gaillard) y la Represa Gatin. Y
vienen ahora, decenas de miles,
para ver el trabajo terminado.
Unos 350,000 cada afio al centro
de visitantes de las Esclusas de
Miraflores y otros 150,000 o mis
a bordo de lujosos cruceros que
promueven el Canal como atrac-
ci6n turistica.
iQu6 hace al Canal de Panama
tal atracci6n? En el mundo cam-
biante de hoy, elCanal, construido
hace mis de 80 afios, es hoy tan
vigente como lo fue entonces,
gracias a su grandioso disefio
original de ingenieria y a sus
administradores y empleados
dedicados que lo han mantenido,
mejorado y modernizado durante
las filtimas ocho d6cadas.
La magnitud de su cons-
trucci6n original inspira admi-
raci6n. Fue construido a una
escala nunca antes vista. Sus
esclusas requirieron la mayor
cantidad de concreto jams
vertido, con las mas grandes
compuertas jamds erigidas y la
mayor represa de tierra cons-
truida que form6 el mas grande
lago artificial. El proyecto de
construcci6n requiri6 que miles
de trabajadores fueran traidos de
muchas partes del mundo a un
pais pequefio, reci6n formado,
subdesarrollado, escasamente po-
blado, selvatico y montafioso,
prActicamente sin ningin respal-
do. Todo hubo que traerlo de

afuera y construirlo de la nada. Y
se hizo todo en s61o 10 aiios.
Sin embargo, no todas las
dificultades superadas en la exca-
vaci6n del Canal fueron proble-
mas de ingenieria y no todos los
jefes constructores del Canal
fueroningenieros. Elesfuerzode
construcci6n dependi6 de hacer
el Istmo, que albergaba enfer-
medades a menudo fatales como
la fiebre amarilla, malaria, peste
bub6nica, pulmonia y disenteria,
un lugar saludable para que el
inmenso n6mero de trabajadores
pudiera vivir.
Ese trabajo recay6 en el Dr.
William Crawford Gorgas, co-
ronel del ej6rcito de los Estados
Unidos, quien, a trav6s de
educaci6n, experiencia y opor-
tunidad, se habia convertido en la
persona mas calificada para
manejar este reto, el cual an-
siosamente acept6 y conquist6 a
pesar de obsticulos frustrantes y
desalentadores. Para un relato
de su extraordinaria contribuci6n
ala historia del Canal de Panama,
yea el suplemento adjunto.

Los silbatos ysirenas de
todo el equipo flotante de
la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama sonaran el 15 de
agosto al mediodia para
conmemorar el 80 ani-
versario del Canal de

Remocion de vdlvulas Foto por Dick Wilson
Un grupo de empleados observa la remoci6n con grna de una de las 29 vdlvulas cilindricas que estdn siendo
reemplazadas en el actual reacondicionamiento de las Esclusas de Gatan. Programadapara continuarhasta
el 9 de septiembre, la obra tambidn incluye la instalaci6n protecci6n cat6dica en las vdlvulas de vdstago
ascendentey la conversi6n de 10 de estas vdlvulas al sistema de deslizamiento.

Progresa mantenimiento de esclusas
En loprofundo de la alcantarilla visa suprimer reacondicionamiento mantener, se elimina lamayor parte
central de las Esclusas de Gatfn, en Gatfm desde que fueraascendido del problema de corrosion.
cientos de empleados de la a este puesto en junio. Gianareas El ingeniero de proyectos Juan
Comisi6n del Canal reemplazan 29 explica que la obra requiere una Wong dice que el reacondicio-
valvulas cilindricas, instalan planificaci6n cuidadosa para namiento, ahora en su cuarta
protecci6n cat6dica a las valvulas minimizar el impacto del trabajo semana, avanzaun pocomAs rApido
de vastago ascendente y convierten eneltraficoporelCanaldePanama. que lo programado. La conversi6n
10 de estas vAlvulas del sistema de "Esunretomuycomplejo", agrega. de seis vAlvulas de vastago
rodamiento al sistema de desli- Las valvulas de las esclusas son ascendente ha sido terminada, y el
zamiento. Elreacondicionamiento unas estructuras inmensas que trabajocontinfiaenlasotrascuatro.
de $7 millones es parte de un pro- controlan el flujo de agua que hace La protecci6n cat6dica ha sido
grama a largo plazo para el man- subir o bajar las naves en las instalada en ocho vilvulas de
tenimientodelequipoyestructuras cAmaras. Las valvulas cilindricas vAstago ascendente, y 15 de las
sumergidas de las esclusas. tienen un periodo de vida de 50 valvulas cilindricas ya han sido
"Tenemos mas de 400 em- afios. Laexpectativadelasvilvulas reemplazadas. Las restantes 13
pleados trabajando turnos de 12 de vastago ascendente que usan el valvulas cilindricas han sido
horas, de lunes a sAbado, para ter- sistema de rodamiento es de 7 a 8 retiradas de la alcantarilla y sus
minar eltrabajo a ms tardar el9 de afios, pero la conversi6n al sistema reemplazos estan siendo instalados.
septiembre", dice el Superin- dedeslizamientoaumentalamisma Wong agrega que una inspecci6n
tendente del Ramo del AtlAntico a casi 15 afios. Con el sistema de
Alexander Gianareas, quiensuper- deslizamiento, que es mas facil de Sigue en la siguiente pdgina ...

Mensaje de aniversario a los empleados
Al celebrar el octog6simo aniversario del Canal de
Panama, quisi6ramos expresar nuestro agradecimiento a
los mAs de 7,500 hombres y mujeres que trabajan tan
diligentemente para mantener la via acuatica en excelente
estadodefuncionamiento. Ya sea operando una locomotora,
trabajando en una oficina o guiando un barco a trav6s de la
via acuatica, cada uno de ustedes realiza una tarea que es
primordial para asegurar un servicio de transito eficiente a
las naciones maritimas del mundo.
En este aniversario es apropiado rendir tributo a los
constructores del Canal, quienes aprovecharon las fuerzas
de la naturaleza para crear esta gran via acuatica, y a
aquellos que han trabajado desde entonces para mantener
su tradici6n de servicio a la comunidad internacional. De
todos ustedes, estadounidenses, panameios yciudadanos
de otros pauses, es el cr6dito de mantener losaltos estAndares
tradicionales en el Canal a lo largo de su construcci6n y
durante las ocho d6cadas desde que la via acuatica abri6
por primera vez sus compuertas al mundo el 15 de agosto
de 1914.
Al enfrentarnos al reto continuo del cambio, tanto aquf
como en el mundo maritimo, estamos confiados que su
dedicaci6n y profesionalismo garantizaran el exitodel Canal
de Panama al asegurar el paso hacia el siglo veintiuno.

Gilberto Guardia F. R.P. Laverty
Administrador Subadministrador

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viemes 12 de agosto de 1994

Trdnsito inaugural Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El maestre de esclusas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd, Norman E. Lewter, vigila el recorrido de la nave "Supply"por las Esclusas
de Pedro Miguel durante su primer trdnsito por el Canal de Panamd. Con 107pies de manga y 750 pies de largo, es elprimer barco de
apoyo rdpido en combate en su clase construidopor laArmada de los Estados Unidos. Llevando 600 tripulantes, el barco se dirigia de
San Diego, donde fue construido, a su puerto base en Norfolk, Virginia.

Cambiard m6todo de venta de excedentes

La venta de propiedad exedente de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama ha sido
descontinuada en la Unidad de Excedentes
de Diablo para promover la competencia y
permitir a la unidad manejar y traspasar la
propiedad del gobierno mis eficien-
temente. La propiedad excedente serb
agrupada en lotes y ofrecida al pfiblico en
general a travys de ofertas en sobre sellado.
Las ventas competitivas menores las
realizara el especialista de supervisi6n de
traspaso de propiedad y las aprobard el
jefe del Ramo de Ahnacenamiento. El
especialista de supervisi6n de traspaso de
propiedad preparara la lista de articulos
en venta; el costo de adquisici6n; la hora,
fecha y lugar de apertura de la oferta; la
horayfechade lainspecci6ny condiciones
generalesdelaventa. Laslistassecolocarin

en los murales de informaci6n en las
Secciones I y X del Edificio 28 la tercera
semana de cada mes.
La Unidad de Excedentes mantendra
cerradas y aseguradas todas las ofertas
selladas enviadas por correo o
personalmente hasta la fecha de apertura
de ofertas, que normalmente sera siete
dias laborables luego de la publicaci6n de
la venta. Las ofertas se abriran en presencia
del jefe del Ramo de Almacenamiento, o
alguien designado por 61, y dos testigos. Se
vendera al postor responsable cuya oferta
sea la mas ventajosa para la Comisi6n en
t6rminos de precio y otros factores
establecidos en el anuncio.
Se invita a los antiguos clientes de la
Unidad de Excedentes a participar en
futuras ventas con sobres sellados.

Explican derecho a voto de estadounidenses fuera del pals

El estado de residencia legal para
estadounidenses que no mantienen una
residencia legal en los Estados Unidos
para efecto de votar en elecciones es el
estado donde residieron inmediata-mente
antes de su partida de los Estados Unidos.
Este arreglo extiende los derechos de
votaci6n a ciudadanos en el exterior aunque
estos no tengan propiedades u otros
vinculos en su filtimo estado de residencia
y su intenci6n de regresar a ese estado no
sea definitiva. La mayoria de los estados
permiten a estos individuos votar s6lo en
elecciones federales, aunque algunos
estados envian papeletas para puestos
federales y estatales.
En el caso de ciudadanos de segunda
generaci6n que nunca han residido en los

Estados Unidos, no existen provisiones
formales a nivel federal que les permitan
inscribirse para votar. No obstante, Geor-
gia y Tenessee ban promulgado una
legislaci6n que permite a los ciudadanos
en esta situaci6n inscribirse si uno de sus
padres es un votante elegible en ese estado,
y una provisi6n similar se hard efectiva en
Iowa el lo. de enero. En otros estados,
permitir a estos ciudadanos votar queda a
discreci6n del funcionario encargado de
las elecciones locales o estatales.
Los empleados de la Comisi6n del Ca-
nal que deseen informaci6n adicional sobre
sus derechos de votaci6n en los Estados U-
nidos pueden contactar a Berta Bricefio, o-
ficial de votaci6n de la agencia, Oficina 254
del Edificio de Administraci6n (52-7991).

(viene de la pdgina 1)
revel6queun vlvuladelnivelsuperiorestaba
en malas condiciones y tambi6n se esta
reemplazando a pesar de no estar incluida en
el plan original.
AdemAs, un nuevo agujero de acceso
debe estar terminado el dia de hoy, aumen-
tando a cinco el nfmero total de accesos en
el muro central (dos en el nivel superior, uno
en el medio y dos en el nivel inferior).
Duranteloscierres dealcantarilla tambi6n
se hacen otros trabajos de mantemiento,
como sellar juntas y hacer reparaciones
menores. Wong dice, "Tenemos que
establecer prioridades y hacer primero los
trabajos mAs importantes o urgentes".
Otro trabajo que se esta realizando es la
remoci6n de crustaceos adheridos a las
paredes de la alcantarilla. El agua salada del
nivel inferior promueve el crecimiento de
estos crustaceos, pero cuando la alcantarilla
se seca, 6stos se descomponen luego de dos
o tres semanas, generando fuertes olores en
el Area confinada. Wong dice que la limpieza
ha sido efectiva reduciendo grandemente
estos olores, mejorando asf las condiciones
de trabajo de los empleados enla alcantarilla.
Las operaciones de relevo se efect6an 24
horas al dia en las Esclusas de Gatfn para
minimizar el impacto del reacon-
dicionamiento en el trifico del Canal. Segin
Wong, los empleados involucrados estin
trabajando muy eficientemente y predice
que el trabajo sera terminado como estaba

Tome nota Una muestra geol6gica de la
Las oficinas de atenci6n al Comisi6ndelCanaldePanama seri
usuario del Ramo de Comu- parte de una exposici6n de
nicaciones en el Edificio 66B, minerales y gemas el 20 y 21 de
Balboa, y el Edificio 26, Gatin, agosto de 1 a 6 p.m. en el Centro
cierran ahora a las 3:15 p.m. en Recreativo Valent.: Para mis
vez de las 3:30 p.m. Las horas de informaci6n o hacer arreglos para
atenci6n al p6blico son de 7 a 11 entrar a la base, Ilame a Miguel
a.m. y de 11:30 a.m. a 3:15 p.m. Briceio al 87-6500.

Certificado de aniversario
Jacqueline Toussant, la nicamiembro an a :
empleada del primer grupo de mujeres
graduadas de la Escuela de Aprendices del
Canal de Panamd, recibe un certificado
especial que conmemora el80o. aniversario
del Canal, de manos del Director de Per- .
sonalde la Comisi6n del Canalde Panamd,
George Mercier. El certificado reconoce la
contribuci6n de los empleados a la tradici6n
del Canal de servir al comercio maritimo
mundial. Se entregard a traves delpersonal
administrativo el lunes 15 de agosto a todos
los empleadospermanentes de la Comisi6n
que estaban en planilla el 14 de mayo.
Tambidn se entregard a personas elegibles
que sehayanjubiladoo terminadosu empleo
entre el lo. de enero y el 14 de mayo.
Foto por Kevin Jenkins

Sociedad cambia programa de actividades de aniversario

La Sociedad de Amigos del Museo
Afroantillano de PanamA ha cambiado su
programa de actividades para el 800
aniversario del Canal de Panama.
La misa que inaugurara la celebraci6n
sera en la Iglesia Bautista Emanuel el 14 de
agosto alas 10:30 a.m. y todos los cupos para
la ceremonia en el Corte Gaillard estan
llenos. La visita para estudiantes del 16 de
agosto s61o incluira el Edificio de
Administraci6n del Canal de Panama y las
Esclusas de Miraflores.

El museo abrira el 17 de agosto, con una
ceremonia a las 2 para los ganadores de los
concursos estudiantiles. Los estudiantes que
visitaran losjardines Summit al dia siguiente
debenllamar almuseo (62-5348). Eltransito
parcial por el Canal el 19 de agosto ha sido
cancelado, pero habra una cena para
miembros e invitados esa noche. Los
interesados deben llamar al museo. La
ceremonia de clausura tambi6n ha sido
cancelada, pero se hara una visita al asilo de
ancianos el 20 de agosto.

Album conmemorativo Foto por Jaime Fernandez
Los empleados del Ramo de Artes Grdficas Aracellys Yanis, Jaime Gutidrrez y Osvaldo
Herrera, tres de los muchos empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal que ayudaron aproducir
el dlbum especial conmemorativo del 80o. aniversario del Canalde Panamd, admiran una
copiapreliminar delproductofinal. El dlbum se estd distribuyendo a todos los empleados.

Paiina 2

_ I-

Pintura de artista local conmemora 80

Saniversario de la apertura del Canal

Arte del Canal Foto por Jaime Fernandez
Eduardo Augustine aparecejunto a lapintura especial que realize para
conmemorar el80o. aniversario del Canal de Panamd y lapublicacidn
especial de aniversario. Lapintura serd develada durante la recepcidn
oficial del aniversario esta noche en la residencia del administrador de
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd.

Para resaltar la contribuci6n
de quienesjugaron papeles clave
en la construcci6n del Canal de
Panama, esta serie conmemora el
80o. aniversario de la via acudtica.
Estd dedicada a los 75,000
hombresy mujeres cuyos esfuerzos
condujeron a la apertura del Ca-
nal el 15 de agosto de 1914.

Los trabajadores
Los trabajadores que excavaron
el Canal dePanami llegaron de todas
partes del mundo, principalmente
de Barbados, Jamaica, Martinica,
Guadalupe y otras islas caribeflas.
iC6mo era la vida de un tipico tra-
bajador de la 6poca de la cons-


?l Canal

trucci6n? Excav6yacarre6. Cambi6
millas de rieles. Perfor6 hileras de
hoyos para explosivos. Construy6
casas y hornet pan.
Dej6 la pobreza de las Antillas
en busca de un futuro mis
prometedor y una mejor vida, y
trabaj6bajosolylluvia 10 horaspor
un d6lar al dia entonces buen
salario para un trabajador sin
educaci6n. Su vivienda era gra-
tuita, y recibia tres buenas comidas
por 27 centavos al dia. Cada aflo, 61
y sus compafieros de trabajo
enviarian mas de $300,000 a sus
familiasen casa.
Hoy, sus descendientes -
doctores, maestros, ingenieros y

Lavitalidaddel CanaldePanamiA
en el umbral del nuevo siglo es el
tema del acrilicopintado porel artista
local Eduardo Augustine para
conmemorar el 80o. aniversariode
la via acuatica.
Titulada "Asegurando el paso
hacia el siglo veintiuno", ilustra el
lema del aniversario del Canal. La
pintura muestra las operaciones en
las mayores esclusas, las Esclusas
de Gatdn, temprano en la mafiana,
con cuatro naves gigantescas
etapa de su transito hacia el sur.
Conocido por su estilo distinto
y detallado, Augustine ha
capturado una escena mafianera
tipica que se repite diatras dia en el
Canal. Pocosdetallesparecenhaber
escapado de sus ojos. Los boteros
recibiendo lalinea mensajera en un
pequefio bote de remos, los
pasacables y las locomotoras
esperando en el muro central, el
viejo faro con su balconcito de
hierro, hasta un vehiculo de la
Divisi6n de Bomberos estacionado
frente a la nueva estaci6n -- todo
esta ahi.
La escena esta pintada en
colores suaves, con el agua en azul
oscuro, el cielo celeste, las nubes
blancas, las estructuras de concreto
grises y los edificios blancos de
techos rojos -- todo en una maflana
clara e iluminada. El realismo de la
escena refleja la familiaridad del
artista con esta secci6n del Canal.
Su padre, Edmond, trabajaba en
Gatm y sejubil6 de la Comisi6ndel
Canal el afo pasado tras 35 afios de
servicio; y Eduardo recuerda
cuando cazaba aves en el area con
sus amigos de la niflezmuchos afios

Augustine naci6 en Almirante,
Bocas del Toro, y creci6 en una de
las muchas casas viejas de madera
en Col6n. Inici6su carrera deartista
pintando afiches en cartulina que
vendia en $25 a fines de los afios
1960. Se inscribi6 en un curso de
arte en 1976, y sus pinturas de la
vida en Col6n llamaron la atenci6n
de un funcionario del gobierno de
Panama durante la exposici6n de
clausura. Augustine recibi6 una
beca que pagaba la matricula en la
escuela de arte gubernamental.
"Tomaba un bus hasta Panama y
caminaba desde la estaci6n en
Calidoniahastalaescuela enPaitilla
todos los dias", recuerda.
La obra de Augustine fue

Pocos detalles

parecen haber

escapado a

sus ojos.

aclamada nuevamente durante una
exposici6n de la escuela y recibi6
otrabeca enesta ocasi6n a Espaia.
Sin embargo, la beca nunca se
materializ6 por recortes presu-
puestarios, aunque Augustine si
logr6visitarMadriden 1978. Pas6
cinco meses tomando clases en una
escuela debellas artesy admirando
la obra de los grandes maestros en
el Museo de El Prado.
Al affo siguiente, sus pinturas
se exhibieron enuna galeria de arte
en PanamA. Pronto, la obra de Au-

gustine atrajo la atenci6n de
coleccionistas locales y foraneos y
se mud6 a la ciudad de Panama.
Entre los muchos galardones
recibidos esta el primer lugar en el
Concurso Nacional de Pintura, en
Sin embargo, varios aflos
despuds un accidente amenaz6 con
terminarsucarrera. E124dejuniode
1989, cuando regresaba de su
trabajo como instructor de arte en
Fuerte Davis, su carro colision6 de
frente contra un bus en la
Transistmica. Aunqueteniasucin-
tur6n de seguridad puesto, sufri6
varias lesiones.
Augustine pas6 12 dias en coma
y 18mesesenunacama,ytemiaque
nunca mas volveria a pintar. Ha
pintado pocos cuadros desde el
accidente, los cuales ha vendido a
coleccionistas privados o donado
a subastas para caridad. "El dolor
me hace ser mas lento", dice el
artista, pero aflade que las
restricciones en su actividad fisica
le han permitido enfocar mAs en su
pintura, lo cual le ha permitido
mejorar su destreza.
"He madurado y ahora me
involucro mas en mi trabajo",
explica, afladiendo que en la
actualidad trabaja en una nueva
exposici6n, la cualtitulara"Volver
Ahora un instructor en el centro
de arte y artesania de Fuerte
Clayton, Augustine agradece a la
Comisi6n por la oportunidad de
producir la pintura del 800.
aniversario. "Sera como un re-
encuentro con el piblico", dice.
"Veran que los detalles aun siguen
ahi --que no he perdido ese aspecto
de mi estilo".

En historia del Canal destacan

tanto maquinas como hombres

Por YiraA. Flores
Los muchos heroes de la
construcci6n del Canal de Panama
incluyen a quienes concibieron la
idea y dieron su aprobaci6n para
iniciarlos trabajos; los ingenieros,
arquitectos, doctores y otros
profesionales que la supervisaron;
y los miles de trabajadores que
vinieron al Istmo desde tierras
lejanas a suplir la mano de obra
necesaria. Sin embargo, la fuerza
requerida para el trabajo iba mas
allA de la del cuerpo humano, y
parte del crddito pertenece a las
enormes mAquinasquepermitieron
a los trabajadores terminar la tarea
-- especialmente las 101 palas a
vapor que seusaron para excavar el
cauce del Canal.
Cuando Estados Unidos inici6
la construcci6n de la via acuAtica
en 1904, las excavadoras que
dejaron los franceses resultaron
ser muy frfgiles para la empresa,
por lo que se trajo equipo de los
Estados Unidos lo mas pronto
possible. Las primeras palas avapor
que se compraron fueron de 95
toneladas, las mas grandes
existentes entonces, y la primera
fue puesta a trabajar el 11 de
noviembre de 1904. Para el 16 de
junio de 1905, ya todas las exca-

vadoras de los franceses estaban
fuera de servicio.
Ninguno de los equipos usados
por los Estados Unidos en su
esfuerzo de construcci6n cautiv6
tanto la atenci6n y respeto de
aquellos relacionados con la
empresa como las palas a vapor.
Para ingenieros y trabajadores, las
palas se convirtieron en algo mis
que mAquinas. Adquirieron
personalidad y gdnero (gene-
ralmente femenino -- aunque eran
perfectamente capaces de remover
miles de yardas cAbicas de roca y
tierra cada dia de trabajo).
Las palas a vapor eran
consideradas maravillas mecanicas,
asombrando a quienes veian los
brazos de acero de 20 pies recoger,
con grandes cucharas, cargas que
pesaban varias toneladas, con el
simple movimiento deuna palanca
por un hombre sentado c6moda-
mente en el control. Sin embargo,
por fAcil y excitante que pudiera
parecer, el trabajo de los operadores
de palas era muy tenso, ya que
debian tener cuidado de no vaciar
las cucharas cargadas sobre las
cabezas de los obreros que
trabajaban en el area.
Cadayarda de material excavado
por las palas a vapor era registrado,

Palas en acci6n
Dos palas mecdnicas remueven material del drea terminal de Balboa en 6stafoto de 1914. Los registros de
la 6poca indican que las palas podian levantar una carga pesada, depositarla en un vag6n y regresar a su
posici6n en menos de dos minutos.

y el Record del Canal publicaba
informes semanales sobre su
progreso. Un rdcorddeexcavaci6n
se estableci6 en 1909 cuando 68
palas, el mayor nimero usado a la
vez en el Corte Culebra (ahora
Gaillard), removieron mas de
2,000,000 de yardas cubicas de
material -- diez veces el volumen
alcanzado por los franceses en su
mejor mes. En marzo de 1910, un
record lo estableci6 una solapala al
excavar 70,000 yardas c6bicas de
material en 26 dias.
Casi 98 millones de yardas

cfbicas de material se extrajeron
s6lo en el corte durante el esfuerzo
norteamericano, por lo que a6n con
los reemplazos, la pala promedio
excav6 alrededor de 1,000,000 de
yardas cubicas, a pesar del peor
tipo de maltrato afio tras aflo.
El27deagostode 1913,elRicord
del Canal inform6 que las opera-
ciones de palas a vapor en el Corte
Culebra serian suspendidas to-
talmente el 15 de septiembre para
permitir que las aguas del Rio
Chagres llenaran el cauce. Las
l6timas palas a vapor dejaron de

trabajar en el corte el 10 de
septiembre, pero continuaron con
las excavaciones en otros puntos
de la ruta del Canal.
Parajulio de 1914, un mes antes
dela inauguraci6nde laviaacuAtica,
las palas a vapor habian extraido
casi 250 millones de yardas cubi-
cas de material, superando desliza-
mientos de tierra, inundaciones y
muchasotrasdificultades. Ninguna
maquina habia superado prueba
semejante, y su desempeflo sobre-
saliente fue un tributo para sus
disefiadores y fabricantes.

P6gina 3

Viernes 12 de agosto de 1994

Spillway del Canal de Panamr

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viernes 12 de agosto de 1994

Ramo de adiestramiento ind
Las siguientes clases se ofrecerin al personal t6cnico
a 3:30 p.m. Nominaciones deben enviarse al Ramo de A
Curso (y grupo objetivo)
Electr6nica Basica de Estado Fijo (mecanicos de aires
dicionados e instrumentos de la Divisi6n de Mantenin
Inspecci6n Ultras6nica (capataces, supervisores, inspe
ingenieros y especialistas de control de calidad)
El Sistema M6trico

.Controles Programables
Transmisiones Electr6nicas 4T60E Hydra-Matic
(trabajadores de mecanica)
Sistemas de Ignici6n sin Distribuidores (mecinicos)

Programan cursos de adiesi
Los siguientes cursos de adiestramiento se ofrecerin a 1
en septiembre. Todos seran en ingl6s, excepto "Orientaci
de "Curso Sobre la Espalda y la Mecanica del Cuerpo",
enviarse a trav6s de los coordinadores de programas de a
de las clases listadas, el M6dulo 9 del Programa de Ad
Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Macros BAsicos" el 12 y 1
el 14 de septiembre, y "Centro Multimedia" el 15 y
individualizado en una variedad de temas en el Centro (
"Introducci6n a las Microcomputadoras", que es prerequ
"Introducci6n a WordPerfect" es prerequisito para los
Curso (grupo objetivo)
C6mo Dar Instrucciones Claras a mis Subalternos
Guia Para Manejar Empleados Conflictivos
Panoramica del TSM 1000 (R. Electr6nica)
C6mo Trabajar Juntos: El Poder
del Trabajo en Equipo (lideres)
Actualizaci6n BAsica para Enfermeras y
M&dicos de Salud Ocupacional
Etica en Contratos Federales
(Ramo de Compras y Contratos)
Optimizaci6n de Calderas (Divisi6n de Electricidad)
El Motor Diesel EMD 645 (Divisi6n Industrial)
Curso de Espalda y MecAnica del Cuerpo

El Comunicador Competente II (ejecutivos, gerentes
y participantes de Evaluaci6n de Destrezas Gerenciale
Servicio al Cliente: Vale la Pena Complacer
(personal de apoyo a oficinas)
La Otra Cara de la Delegaci6n
Redacci6n T6cnica (ingenieros y arquitectos)
Orientaci6n para Empleados Nuevos
C6mo Planear su Jubilaci6n (empleados que piensan
jubilarse en cinco afios)
Adiestramiento de Supervisores II
Formato Bisico y Disefto/Montaje
BAsico (Relaciones P6blicas)
Mantenimiento El1ctrico de Grias (electricistas
de divisiones .de Mantenimiento, Industrial,
Electricidad y Esclusas y Ramo de Adies-
tramiento Industrial, MG-10 para arriba)
Mantenimiento MecAnico de Grfas (mecanicos
de divisiones de Mantenimiento, Industrial,
Electricidad y Esclusas, y ramos de Adiestramiento.
Industrial y Operaciones de Seguridad, MG-10 para a
Principios y Aplicaciones de Ergonomia (jefes de
ramo en adelante, miembros del Comit6 de Salud
y Seguridad, representantes sindicales)
C6mo Redactar la Descripci6n de una Posici6n (super-
visores y personal administrativo y de oficina de la
Direcci6n de Ingenieria y Construcci6n)
C6mo Redactar la Descripci6n de una Posici6n
(supervisores y personal administrativo y de
oficina de la Direcci6n de Marina)
Principios y Aplicaciones de Ergonomia (ingenieros
industriales, mecAnicos, el6ctricos y de planta; tra-
bajadores de reacondicionamiento; arquitectos; pro-
fesionales de salud y seguridad; y capataces generales)
Introducci6n a Supercalc*
Introducci6n a dBase III Plus*
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect:
Taller de Norton Commander*

Taller de Norton Commander* (ingenieros marinos
de la Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal)
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Cuadros
Funciones Avanzadas de WordPerfect: Cuadros
(ingenieros de Servicios del Canal)
Introducci6n a WordPerfect*

Introducci6n a Bases de Datos Usando DBU y R&R
(ingenieros de Servicios del Canal)
Introducci6n a Foxpro 2.5* (divisiones de
Construcci6n y Electricidad)

ustrial anuncia cursos

Lista de vacantes

del Canal en la Escuela de Aprendices de 7 a.m. Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los formularios de solicitud
Adiestramiento Industrial antes del plazo indicado. deben presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones (Edificio 366, Anc6n) en el Formulario 443, Solicitud
Fechas Plazo de Traslado, a mis tardar siete dias calendario despues de publicado este aviso.
acon- Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un puesto designado para prueba al azar
niento) 9/1,8,15,22 y 29 8/12 por drogas (TDP), tendran que someterse a una prueba de urinilisis para descartar el uso de drogas ilegales
ctores, antes del nombramiento o del cambio de puesto permanente. No se exigird el urindlisis a los empleados
9/2 9,16 y 23 8/12 que ocupen un puesto sujeto a prueba por drogas, antes del cambio de puesto permanente.
9/8 8/12 Para algunos puestos de series de intervalos de un grado donde no existe puesto en la linea de ascenso
9/15 8/18 normal, los empleados permanentes podrin calificar con un minimo de un aflo de experiencia especializada
9/22 8/25 en puestos en el primer o segundo nivel inmediatamente inferior.
9/12-16 8/15 Los solicitantes podrdn repasar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la
Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA (Edificio 38, Balboa). Aquellos que por raz6n de su experiencia posean
9/13 y 14 8/16 las pericias y habilidades necesarias para ejercer el puesto, serfn calificados con base en requisitos
9/15 y 22 8/18 modificados. Esto no se aplica si se trata de un ascenso.
9/20 y 21 8/23 Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y miximas de pago por hora correspondientes
a los grados de las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para llenar una vacante serin
tramiento en septiembre colocados en el escal6n, grado y tarifa bAsica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mis informaci6n, llamar al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones al tel6fono 52-3583.
os empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama Puestos permanentes Salarlos Unidad Sitio Vacantes
6n Para Nuevos Empleados" y la sesi6n matutina Quimico, NM-7/11 I 2' (Debe saber espafilol, na- $11.11/$21.38 Bomberos P 1
que serin en espailol. Las nominaciones deben dar, trabajar turos y tener licencia de conducir.)
adiestramiento, antes del plazo indicado. Ademas Asistente de oficina (estenografia/automati- $10.00/$13.00 Admin. Ejec. P 1
liestramiento para Oficinistas incluira "Funciones zaci6n de oficinas), NM-6 14 (Bilingue) (Esteno-
3 de septiembre, "Taller de Norton Commander" grafia a 80 palabras por minuto y licencia de conducir.)
16 de septiembre. Tambi6n hay adiestramiento Ingeniero general, NM-12 12 I (Bilingue) $19.71/$25.63 Esclusas P 1
Computarizado del Canal de PanamA, incluyendo, (Debe saber nadar y tener licencia de conducir.)
uisito para las clases marcadas con un asterisco. Ingeniero general, NM-11 I 2 5 (Bilingue) $16.45/$21.38 Esclusas P 1
cursos avanzados de WordPerfect. (Debe saber nadar y tener licencia de conducir.)
Fecha Hora Plazo Lugar Oficinista de automatizaci6n de oficinas, $5.64/$7.14 Opr. Pers. P 1
NM-3 (Bilingue)
9/1 8:00 4:00 8/12 C. A Oficinista de personal (automatizaci6n de $6.17/$7.80 Opr. Pers. P 1
9/1 y 2 8:00 4:00 8/12 Gatin oficinas, NM-4 2 (Bilingue)
Analista de tarifas, NM-11/12 2 $16.45/$25.63 Adm. Fin. P 1
9/2 8:00 4:00 8/12 C. A Operador de Embarcaciones Pequeflas, MG-8 1 2 $6.79/$7.24 Dragado A 1
(Debe saber nadar y tener licencia de conducir
9/7 y 8 8:00 4:00 8/17 C. A. y de manejar otes a motor.)
9/7-9 8:00 4:00 8/17 C. A Ascenso temporal (maximo 90 dias)
9/12-14 8:00 4:00 8/22 C. A Secretaria (mecanografia) NM-6 2 $10.00/$13.00 Adm. Fin. P 1
9/12 8:00 4:00 8/22 C. A Ascenso temporal (miximo un afio)
9/13 8:00 4:00 8/23 C. A Ingeniero general, NM-12 2 6 $19.71/$25.63 Mantemto. A 1
9/12-16 8:00 4:00 8/22 C. A (Debe tener licencia de conducir.)
9/12-16 8:00 4:00 8/22 Div.Ind. Ingeniero general, NM-11 l 2 (Bilingue)(Debe $16.45/$21.38 Esclusas P
9/13 7:45 -11:45 8/22 C.A. saber nadar y tener licencia de conducir.)
9/13 12:45 4:15 8/22 C.A.
9/13 12:45 4:15 8/22 C.A. Ascenso temporal o asignaci6n (maximo dos meses)
9/13-15 8:00 4:00 8/23 C.A. Examinador de reclamos de compensaci6n $11.11/$19.46 Salud Ocup. P 1
s) de empleados, NM-7/10 2 (Bilingue)
9/14 8:00 4:00 8/24 C. A La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante Ilena los requisitos especiales debe adjuntarse a la solicitud
o incluirse en el expediente oficial de personal; de lo contrario, no se le considerard para la vacante.
8/19 8:00 4:00 8/29 C. A 2 S61o se considerard a empleados de la Comisi6n.
9/19-21 8:00 4:00 8/29 C. A3 Puesto designado para pruebas al azar por drogas.
9/26 8:00 4:00 9/5 C. A. La persona debe tener licencia para manejar y salvaguardar material clasificado.
9/26 y 27 8:00 4:00 9/6 Gatdn Debe tener experiencia substancial en al menos dos de las siguientes disciplinas de la ingenieria: mecanica,
9/28 8:00 11:45 civil, el6ctrica-electr6nica e industrial.
9/26-30 8:00 4:00 9/5 C.A. 6 Debe tener experiencia substancial en por lo menos dos de las siguientes disciplinas de la ingenieria:
9/27-29 8:00 4:00 9/6 C.A. ambiental, civil, mecanica y quimica.
La Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA se ajusta a la Ley de Igualdad de Oportunidades.
9/26 v 27 8:00 4:00 9/6 C. A







9/5 -





8:00 11:45

12:45 4:00 9/7
y 30 8:00 4:00

8:00 10:00 9/7

y 28 8:00 4:00

y 30 8:00 4:00

y 29 8:00 4:00

7 7:30 4:00 8/15 Edif. 717
9 7:30 4:00 8/17 Edif. 717

7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00

7:30 4:00 8/19
7:30 4:00 8/25

- 14
- 14
- 21
- 14

7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00
7:30 4:00

- 29 7:30 4:00 9/6


Administrador, Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd
Directora de Relaciones Ptblicas
Director Asociado

Edif. 717
Edif. 717
Edif. 717

Edif. 717
Edif. 717

Edif. 717
Edif. 717
Edif. 717

Edif. 717


Directora Asociada

El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Los artlculos que en ella aparecen
pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n, dnicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser entregada antes del mediodia
del jueves anterior a la semana de su publicaci6n, o antes del mediodia del mi6rcoles si hay algtn dia feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n.
Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por corrco regular, $4 por correo regular para estudiantes y 119 por corrco aereo. Envie
cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Para mayor informaci6n, Ilame al 52-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de
Relaciones Pdblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, PanamA.

Campeones defutbol Foto por Roberto Vaca
Los miembros del equipo defutbol de las Esclusas de PedroMiguel exhiben sus trofeos tras
ganar el campeonato divisional de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd en el Pacifico.

Eventos locales

Concierto deLa Follia
La Asociaci6n Nacional de Conciertos
organiza una presentaci6n de la orquesta de
cAmarafrancesa La Follia, el 17 deagosto en
el Centro de Convenciones ATLAPA. Bo-
letos disponiblesen la asociaci6n (25-4951).

Artes marciales
El Centro Civico de Gamboa y el Centro
de Arte Teatral del Pacifico ofrecen clases del
arte marcial coreano Tang Soo Do. Aries
FernAndez, quinto dan, conduce las clases
en Gamboalunesy midrcoles de5:30 a7 p.m.,
y Debora Nissenbaum, segundodan, imparte
la clase en el centro de arte de Curundu
martes yjueves de 6 a 7:30 p.m. Las clases
estAn abiertas a todos los empleados y
dependientes de la Comisi6n dcl Canal de
Panama mayores de 5 afos. Para informaci6n,
llamea Nissenbaum al86-3630 u 87-5341.

Venta de excedentes
La Oficina de Reutilizaci6n y Mercadeo
realizara una venta de excedentes el 15 de
agosto en el Edificio 745, Corozal.

Feria de la naturaleza
La novenaFeria Anual de la Naturaleza se
realizarAen Gamboael lo.deoctubrede9a.m.
a 4 p.m. Para mAs informaci6n, llame a Sofia
Broce (56-6378) oLlori Gibson (56-6384).

Club de buceo
El Club de Buceo de Balboa organiza un
viaje a Bocas del Toro del 3 al 5 de septiembre.
El costo de $275 por persona incluye pasaje
ida y vuelta, habitaci6n, comidas, cinco giras
de buceo con guias, tanques y pesos. Se
debe reservar el cupo con $100.
El club acepta inscripciones hasta el 14 de
septiembre para su concurso de fotografia
1994. Todas las fotos deben ser diapositivas
acoloracompafiadasde un formulario oficial.
Para detalles llameal 63-8077 6 50-0075.

Piaina 4

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