Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: July 1, 1994
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00251
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Board of Directors

to meet in Panama

The Panama Canal Commission Board
of Directors will hold its fourth quarterly
meeting of fiscal year 1994 on July 13 at the
Balboa Heights Administration Building.
Items on the agenda include reports
from Commission Administrator Gilberto
Guardia F., Secretary Michael Rhode Jr.
and Chief Financial Officer Norbert E.
Kraegel, as well as presentation of the
Commission's operating and capital bud-
gets for fiscal year 1996. Reports will also be
presented by the Board's standing commit-
Panama Canal traffic and maintenance
and improvement programs are among the
topics to be addressed by the administrator.
He will also update the Board on matters
such as Panamanian participation in the
work force, housing issues, public services
and ongoing treaty transition activities in
preparation for the transfer of the Canal to
Panama in 1999.

News briefs

English classes
The next eight-week term for the
Panama Canal Training Center's En-
glish program will begin on July 18 and
end on September 12. Five levels of
English grammar, two conversation
levels and a writing class are being
offered. Interested employees should
submit nominations through their train-
ing coordinators. The deadline for
submission is July 11.
Water quality
In reference to the June 17Spillway
article about the project to improve the
potable water system at the Adminis-
tration Building, the Utilities Mainte-
nance Branch has announced that they
periodically test the quality of the Ad-
ministration Building's drinking water
and that it is perfectly safe to drink.

Repatriation benefits
U.S. citizen Panama Canal Com-
mission employees planning to termi-
nate or retire in the near future should
contact the Transportation Services
Branch (52-7845) to confirm their re-
patriation benefits.

Panama Social
Security card renewals
The Panama Social Security Sys-
tem (CSS) is renewing all identifica-
tion cards, and employees who have
not renewed their cards since January
16, 1991, should do so as soon as pos-
sible. The cost of the new card is $2 if
the old one is returned and $3 if it is not.
The CSS "Departamento de
Afiliaci6n" on the Pacific side is open
from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. and is located in
the Bolivar Building on the
Transisthmian highway. Panama Ca-
nal Commission employees will be given
priority between 7 and 9 a.m. Monday
through Friday, and employees who
wish to go during that time must first
contact their administrative officers.
The Atlantic-side CSS office, lo-
cated at 6th Street and Bolivar Avenue,
is open from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. and will
not hold special hours for Commission
personnel. Beneficiaries should, how-
ever, arrive before 8 a.m. to obtain a
number in order to be served.
For further information, call the
PCC Office of Personnel Ad-
ministration's Worker Compensation
and CSS Claims Assistance Office at



SPrvidin i age into the twenty-first century

S$pti way

:4k- lxXXI N -t" Friday, July 1, 1994

New compressors boost air pressure at locks

By Joaquin Horna
Six new air compressors are being in-
stalled at Gatun, Pedro Miguel and
Miraflores locks in a $1.6 million project to
improve the locks' compressed-air systems.
Each costing $164,000, the new machines
will replace smaller compressors that have
been operating for the last 18 years. The
project is about halfway completed now, and
includes the construction of a concrete shed
for each new unit.
Although Panama Canal locks operate
on water and electricity, it can be argued that
air power also helps to keep the installations
in prime condition, as many of the tools used
for locks maintenance are powered by com-
pressed air.
Jackhammers used by cement workers
to repair locomotive tow tracks, impact
wrenches that enable machinists to tighten
nuts and the drills, grinders and other tools
used daily by workers in several dozen dif-
ferent shops are all powered by air. During
valve overhauls, compressed air runs the
scaffolds that carry workers and materials
into the tunnels and the carts on which the
cylindrical valves are removed. It can also be
used to back up certain electrical equip-
ment, such as the motors that run the loco-
motive turntables, since, should one of these
motors fail, air can be used to move the
The new compressors are large, electric
motors that draw in air through filtered
funnels, compress it with pistons that move
back and forth within hollow cylinders and

Program speeds up

data conversion for

landslide prevention

A computer program created by engi-
neers Carlos A. Reyes and Luis Carlos
FernAndez will allow for faster and more
efficient interpretation of information by
landslide-prevention personnel at the
Panama Canal Commission. The program
reduces by half the time required to process
Surveys Branch data and convert it into
easy-to-read reports.
Saying the job is about 80 percent com-
plete, FernAndez adds, "We're working to
be able to convert data into graphics." Work
on the program, which should be completed
in three months, began late last year.
Established in the late 1960s, the Panama
Canal agency's landslide prevention pro-
gram attempts to identify areas where there
is a potential for landslides and to imple-
ment preventive measures. "The point here
is not to pick up the debris after the land-
slide, but to try and predict where a landslide
is going to happen and do what's necessary
to avoid it," says Geotechnical Branch Chief
Luis D.Alfaro. Since the implementation of
the program, many slope movements have
been arrested by diverse methods in order to
prevent landslides.
One of the most cost effective methods
for preventing slides in Gaillard Cut has
been the use oflarge-scale drainage projects.
Landslides have never occurred during the
dry season. Drainage projects keep the
slopes drier year round despite the rain, and
thus significantly reduce incipient slope

Compressor inspection
Locks Division machinist
helper Ricardo Mardnez and
machinist Mario Richards
check the belts on a new
compressor that was
installed under a $1.6
million project to improve
the compressed-air system at
the three sets of locks. In the
foreground cement workers
Radl Ortega Caballero and
Luis Watson prepare to use
some of the tools that are
powered by the system.

Photo by Armando De Gracia

force it into receiving tanks standing outside
the compressor sheds. The compressed air
is channeled throughout the locks in pipes
that run along the tunnels and under the
chamber floors. Workers can connect in-
take hoses to the system at intervals of every
150 feet.
Compared with the 18-year service life of
the old compressors, the new units are ex-
pected to last more than 50 years. "The
Industrial Division is still using one pro-
cured in the 1950s," according to acting
Assistant Pacific Branch Superintendent
Jorge VAsquez.
The newunits are also easier to maintain
and repair. VAsquez notes that many dam-
aged parts in the old models had to be sent
to the factory, while the new compressors
can be maintained by locks technicians.
Enhanced power represents another
improvement. IvAn Lasso, the acting major
projects manager for the Locks Division,

points out that there are two different mod-
els of old compressors -- one with an output
of 1,200 cubic feet of compressed air per
minute and another with an output of 565--
and that both are operated at the same time.
.The new compressors, on the other hand,
have an output of 1,500 cubic feet per minute
and, on most days, only one will be needed
at each set of locks, making it possible to
maintain or repair the other if necessary.
During an overhaul, however, both of the
compressors at the site will be used.
The new compressors were built in En-
gland and assembled in Virginia. "They
came ready to start working," says VAsquez,
who adds that a cooling system, similar to
those used in car motors, was incorporated
to improve the original design.
Locks technicians are now completing
installation on the first three new compres-
sors; the other three will be procured and
installed by the end of fiscal year 1995.

Repairing Cristobal breakwater Photo by Susan K. Stabler
Framed by a door on the launch "Sabalo, "a barge-positioned, 150-foot boom crane operated
by Dillon Construction Inc. employees lifts an eight-ton prefabricated concrete dolos onto the
Cristobal breakwater. The contractor will be installing 500 of the spider-shaped dolosse to fill
in gaps that were made by the constant wear and tear of the ocean on the breakwater.

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, July 1, 1994

Locks boatman uses cayuco in daily work commute

By Susan K. Stabler
Federico Niiio is a boatman -- both on
the job and off it. Not only has he been a
boatman at Gatun Locks for the past 12
years, he also travels to and from work by
cayuco, the most common means of trans-
portation for those who live in La Garterita,
a small town of about 40 families on the
western shores of Gatun Lake.
A shift worker, Nifio climbs into
his boat about four hours before
he's due on the job. When travel-
ling at night, a flashlight provides
the only illumination. With a six-
horsepower motor on his cayuco, it
takes him about two hours to reach
Escobal, another lakeside town.
There, he secures his boat, locks up
his motor and catches a bus into
Gatun. The bus ride alone might
take up to an hour. He estimates
the trip to work and back costs him
$6 a day.
According to his supervisors,
Niiio always gets to work on time
regardless of what shift he's work-
ing. In fact, he usuallyarrives about
an hour early.
As a boatman, his job includes
paddling a small fiberglass boat out
to receive the lines from an arriving
vessel and then carrying the lines
back to the locks wall. One might
expect someone who spends so
much time in boats to do well in the
job, and a recent outstanding per-
formance award indicatesthat Nifio At ho
has lived up to this expectation. Federi
Facilities Maintenance Foreman each d
Alfredo Simpson says, "He's a good a boat

employee-- a person you can count on. He's
very reliable."
Nifio's cayuco travels have not been with-
out incident. A few months ago, he ran into
a submerged stump in the lake. On impact,
the motor flew up into the boat, badly injur-
ing a companion's arm. And Nifio recently
smashed his own right-hand little finger

'me on the water Photo by Susan K.
co Nino travels several hours by cayuco to get to
'ay before boarding a rowboat that he uses in his M
man at Gatun Locks.

while removing the cayuco's motor. The
finger is still stiff, but through a Panama
Canal Commission rehabilitation program
at Gatun Gym, he's regained some of its use.
Knowing about his means of transporta-
tion and the accidents, Alexandra Wong,
Gatun Locks supervisory administrative ser-
vices assistant, marvels at Nifio's happy dis-
position. She explains, "This man
has problems ... yet he's a happy
Nifio himself minimizes his
problems, considering them to be
no more than other people's --
money, kids and so on. "My prob-
lems work out," he says, "They
don't worry me that much."
His wiry frame hardened by
physicalwork, Nifio, 52, has lived in
La Garterita all his life. He built
his own home there. He and his
wife, Aquilina, have 11 children,
eight boys and three girls. Like
their father before them, the
younger ones attend primary school
g.. iin La Garterita, while the older
ones hold various jobs in La
Garterita or elsewhere, some help-
ing their fatherbuild concrete-block
homes in his spare time. Nifio also
enjoys fishing, baseball, basketball,
football, ping pong and dominoes.
As for the secret of his happi-
ness, he says he loves living in La
Garterita and working at the locks.
And travelling on the lake via
Stable cayuco instead of fighting the traf-
work fic like those who commuteby road
'ork as probably gives him an edge over
most people.

Improved access roads assist electricians, surveyors

By Myrna A. Iglesias
For the past three months, the Mainte-
nance Division has worked on a project to
rehabilitate access roads to approximately
32 Electrical Division high-voltage
tranmission line towers located near the
Forest Preserve Road. These towers are
part of the Panama Canal Commission's
power transmission system that connects
Madden Dam's output with the rest of the
44,000-volt system that supplies power to
Canal operations and communities on the
Atlantic and Pacific sides.
The projectbeganinFebruaryand ended
two weeks ago with the completion of the
last of ten access roads, each averaging

approximately one-half kilometer long. Ac-
cording to crane operator Carlos Guerra,
who was in charge of the project, the work
involved the clearing and reconditioning of
approximately six kilometers of overgrown
Maintenance Divisionmobile equipment
operator foreman Luis Oakley explains that
before the roads were cleared they were
only small trails that were inaccessible to
trucks. Electricians had to walk in, carrying
all of their equipment, to do any repairs or
maintenance work on the towers.
"The work was done following the to-
pography of the area, and we made special
efforts to preserve the existing forest," says

Oakley, adding that they worked in coordi-
nation with INRENARE, Panama's Natu-
ral Renewable Resources Institute that is-
sued a special permit to perform the work.
The project included cutting and filling in
parts of the terrain, making drainage ditches
and installing drainage pipes and, finally,
covering the roads with a layer of rock.
Electrical Division's electrician high-volt-
age supervisor Didio Rodriguez explains
that they are currently doing general main-
tenance on the towers, changing rusted parts
and painting them. He adds; "The rehabili-
tation of these access roads facilitates our
surveillance work, and nowwe have a faster
and more effective access to these towers in
case of an emergency or a need to perform
maintenance work."



Highlighting the contributionsof those
who played key roles in the construction
of the Panama Canal, this series com-
memorates the 80th anniversary of the
waterway. It is dedicated to each of the
75,000men andwomen whoseefforts led
to the openingofthe CanalonAugust 15,

John F. Stevens

John F. Stevens is credited with lay-
ing the organizational foundation on
which the Panama Canal was built.
He came to Panama in 1905 to find
a work force that was demoralized by a
high incidence of disease and thelack of
effective leadership. Realizing that a
canal could only be built by workers
who were safe from the hazards of life
in the tropics, he gave them the best
living conditions he could provide.
He backed sanitation forces to the
hilt, eliminating disease-carrying insects
and supplying clean water and food. He
designed and built a modern railroad
system to move the mountains of dirt
and rock from the excavation sites. He
also convinced the U.S. Congress and
president that only a lock canal could be
successfully built and began the con-
struction plans.
With the work well under way, how-
ever, Stevens suddenly resigned, leav-
ing the task to be completed by others.
But the plans he conceived led to the
project's final success.

Roosevelt Medal descendants form group

Culvert inspection Photo by Armando De Gracia
Crane operator Carlos Guerra, left, and mobile equipment operator foreman Luis Oakley
inspect afinished 7 '2-foot culvert that runs underone ofthe ten access roadsthat wererecently
completed by the Maintenance Division. The roads improve access for Electrical Division
personnel to the high-voltage towers located in the Forest Preserve Road area.

A new association, the Roosevelt Medal
Descendants, will be celebrating the 80th
anniversary of the opening of the Panama
Canal in August. After the Canal's inaugu-
ration on August 15, 1914, bronze medals
engraved with the likeness of Theodore
Roosevelt were awarded to 7,391 U.S. citi-
zens who had worked at least two consecu-
tive years on the Canal between 1904 and
1914. Recipients held a wide range of jobs,
from laborer to administrative posts.
"Regardless of citizenship, those who
are directly descended from medal holders
are eligible to join our new group," says
former Panama Canal Commission Om-
budsman Marc Quinn, who is the organizing
force behind the non-profit association.
Quinn explains that the group's goal is to
preserve the memories of medal recipients'
heroic deeds through civic and cultural ac-

tivities, encourage research and dissemi-
nate related information.
Every year, the Roosevelt Medal De-
scendants plan to gather on or near the
August 15 anniversary date. This year, the
association will hold a reception for mem-
bers from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. in the garden of
the Canal Administrator's residence, Quar-
ters 107, Balboa Heights.
They are also planning a launch trip to
visit Gaillard Cut and commemorate the
efforts of their ancestors. The launch will
depart at 9:30 a.m. August 16 from Las
Cruces landing (immediately north of Pedro
Miguel Locks) and return at approximately
11 a.m. Eligible individuals who would like
to join the association and participate in
these events should contact Marc Quinn at
64-8957 before July 15. The five-year mem-
bership costs $5.

Page 2


Page 3

The Panama Canal Spillway

Canal linked to early Scottish pioneers I;' au-/

The following historical account, written
by Clarece Martin, chronicles the experiences
of one family of seventeenth-century immi-
grants to Panama who, through chance
events, became the ancestors of Theodore
Roosevelt, one of the principalforces behind
the construction of the Panama Canal. The
article is reprinted with permission, from the
March 19, 1978 issue of "The Atlanta Jour-
nal and Constitution Magazine."

The history of Georgia is linked forever
to that of the Panama Canal by a family of
Scots who helped to shape the history of
both places. Their story, the perils they
faced and their courage and perseverance
are the heritage not only of Georgia and
Panama but of all colonists of the world.
At dawn on a Sunday morning, Septem-
ber24,1699, thirteen hundred Scottish High-
landers waved farewell to their families and
friends and sailed from the Firth of Forth

Long after their ships

on the high seas, t

colonists were informe

their destination was

Isthmus of Darien.

near Edinburgh, Scotland, on four ancient
and crowded ships. Believing their destina-
tion to be the Indies, each brave soul was
overjoyed by the promise of a house and 50
acres of fertile land in a faraway tropic
paradise. Their dreams and promises, how-
ever, would fade, and death would be the
final reward for most.
Among the band of colonists was a young
couple, the Rev. Archibald Stobo and his
bride of two months, Elizabeth Parks, one of
the few womer to make the voyage.
Archibald Stobo was graduated in theology
from the University of Edinburgh in the year
1697, and two years later he and Elizabeth
were married. About this time, the Indian
and African Company of Scotland, a bank-
ing and investment firm, was seeking volun-
teers to sail to a new land it called "the
Indies," promising to each colonist a house
and land.
The young Stobos signed up, as did hun-
dreds of other Scots. The company failed to
tell them, however, that this was part of a
scheme to open a trade route between the

Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Perhaps this
would have made no difference to the ad-
venturous and land-hungry Scots. Long
after their ships were on the high seas, the
colonists were informed that their destina-
tion was the Isthmus of Darien (now called
Panama), to a place called the Golden Is-
land on the coast of Darien.
Another group of twelve hundred Scots
had preceded them there, but the story of
their fate had reached Edinburgh too late to
prevent the departure of the second group.
A great number of the first colonists had
perished on the longvoyage, and most of the
others had died from disease and starvation
or from cruelty at the hands of the Spanish.
Two months after sailing from Edinburgh,
the second group of colonists arrived off the
coast of Darien and anchored in the beauti-
ful Caledonia Bay, named for the Scottish
waterway, a harbor large enough for a thou-
sand ships. Archibald and Elizabeth Stobo
were aboard the Rising
Sun. the first to reach
Darien even though it
were wasthe largest and most
he cumbersome of the four
d that Indian natives lined
the shore, raising their
Sthe unstrung bows as a sign
of friendship. Tropical
S. breezes warmed the
faces of the weary Scots
and they stood on the
decks of their ships and
searched the jungles for signs of New
Edinburgh, scanning the shore for the faces
of their fellow Scots. But there was no sign
of habitation. Thejunglehad obliterated all
evidence of the previous colonists.
Distant mountains looked down upon
Caledonia Bay to the east and upon the blue
waters of the Pacific to the west, the same
scene Balboa had gazed upon two centuries
before. The headwaters of the Atrato River
on the Gulf of Darien were but a few hun-
dred yards from other streams that flowed
into the Pacific. A canoe could be carried
across the land that linked the passage from
one ocean to the other.
Within a month after their arrival, the
colonists were running low on provisions,
and numbers were dying each day from
fevers and lack of food. A clergyman in the
group wrote of Elizabeth Stobo's pleas for
them to abandon the place and return to
Scotland. "We cannot, for the time, yield to
this," he wrote, "but would fain encourage
one another to wrestle out the difficulties of
the first year." As it turned out, her pleading

should have been heeded, for
within six weeks more than 150
had died, and many others had
been captured for slavery by the
Spanish soldiers finally allowed
the few survivors to depart inApril
1700, amongwhom wereArchibald
and Elizabeth Stobo, again aboard
the Rising Sun. As the four ships
headed toward Scotland, a storm
off the coast of Florida sank two of
theships andtheir passengers. The
other two ships were carried by
gales into the harbor of Charles
Town (later Charleston), South
Carolina. Ten days later while the Guate
ships were being repaired, a boat-
man pulled alongside the Rising
Sun and inquired if there might be
a Presbyterian clergyman aboard ElS
whowould come ashore and marry
a Scottish couple in Charles Town.
The Rev. Stobo offered to go and
was joined by his wife and a small
group of fellow Scots.
Taking only the clothes they
wore and the small pocket Bible
the Rev. Stobo carried, they
planned to return by nightfall. Route
Later they decided to spend the
night in town when the weather worsened.
During the night, theywere awakenedby the
howling winds of a hurricane. Rushing to
the harbor, they watched in horror as one
ship with its passengers was carried out to
sea, where it sank. The Rising Sun and all
aboard sank in the harbor.
Stobo became a missionary in South
Carolina, establishing small outpost churches
along the Carolina frontier. The Stobo's
daughter Jean, born in Charleston, became
the wife of James Bulloch, also a Scottish
immigrant and a young man of promise.

Rushing to the harbor

watched in horror as or

with its passengers was

out to sea, where it s

James and Jean Bulloch later entertained
Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe at their
extensive Colleton County plantation at Pon
Pon, South Carolina, in 1734, the year after
Oglethorpe had founded a Georgia colony
at Savannah.

Employee outlines safety tips for domestic use of electricity

"Living with electricity" was the
Panama Canal Commission Safety
Division's topic of the month for June. In
an article on the subject, career intern
Olga Von Chong pointed out that elec-
tricity in our homes provides us with a
number of comforts and conveniences,
but that it can also be dangerous. She
offered these guidelines for protecting
ourselves and our families:
Label electrical breaker-box cir-
cuits and learn how to shut off one or all
of the circuits as this will help you re-
spond quickly in the event of an electrical
Never touch a circuit panel or box
if the floor is flooded or damp. If the
floor is wet, stand on a dry board, wear
rubber boots and don't touch any metal.
Inspect the circuit box regularly,

keeping it dry, clean and accessible. Do
not work on the wiring in the circuit box
as this should be done onlybya qualified
Do not use appliances, tools or

extension cords that are wet, and always
keep small appliances away from sinks, bath-
tubs and toilets.
Keep children away from circuit boxes
and from power and extension cords. Cover
unused outlets with safety caps, and install
plug covers over used outlets.
Never use an extension cord that has
a lower amperage rating than the appliance
or tool to which it is connected to. Be sure
to check also that the wattage rating on light
bulbs does not exceed the rating for their
Do not use extension cords with ma-
jor appliances or as permanent wiring, and
never run them under a rug or fasten them
using tacks, pins or staples.
Unplug small appliances when they
are not in use. In general, appliances should
not be left running unattended.

f Scottish immigrants leaving Panama

After Jean Stobo's death, James Bulloch
moved to Georgia where he received a royal
grant of hundreds of acres of land. Their son
Archibald, who studied law in the offices of
a Savannah barrister, became an eloquent
speaker, a leader and eventually a patriot in
the American fight for freedom. He was
elected a delegate to the First Continental
Congress and on January 22, 1776, was
elected president and commander-in-chief
of Georgia.
Four generations later, Archibald
Bulloch's great-great-grandson, President
Theodore Roosevelt,
arrived on the shores of
they Caledonia Baywherehe
had come to inspect the
ne ship canal he had authorized
three years earlier. On
carried November 20, 1906,
ank. Roosevelt wrote to his
young sons Ted and
Kermit describing the
breathtakingbeauty of a
scene his ancestors had gazed upon 200
years before.
"Panama is strange and beautiful," he
penned, "with its mass of luxuriant tropic
jungle, the orchids and brilliant butterflies,
and the strange birds. When we approached
the coast, the jungle-covered mountains
looked clearer and clearer until we could see
the surf beating on the shores, while there
was hardlya sign of human habitation. I kept
thinking of the four centuries of wild and
bloody romance, mixed with abject squalor
and suffering, which had made up the his-
tory of the Isthmus until three years ago."

Buried French village found
during Canal construction
In November 1907, Panama Canal engi-
neers found a whole village built by the
French that they hadn't known existed.
Located at Caimito Mulato, the village had
been buried by 20 years of jungle growth,
and finding it was a complete surprise. It
reportedly contained nine sets of married
quarters, 22 barracks and mess halls and a
small machine shop. Most of the buildings
were in good enough condition to be re-
paired, and the machines needed only over-
hauling and some parts replaced before
being ready for use.

Friday. July 1. 1994

The Panama Canal Spillway

PCC awards ten scholarships

Friday, July 1, 1994

The Panama Canal Commission has
awarded full-tuition scholarships for the
fall 1994 and spring 1995 semesters at the
Panama Canal College to Jamileth
Aranda, a dependent of Moises Aranda of
the Canal Protection Division; Victor
Brown Jr., a dependent of Victor Brown
of the Canal Services Division; Gloria
Gorton, a dependent of Gerald Gorton of
the Canal Protection Division; Carla
Guerra, a dependent of Carlos Guerra of
the Maintenance Division; Maria del

Pilar Ho, a dependent of Enrique Ho of
the Office of Inspector General; Eric
Nieto Jr., a dependent of Eric Nieto of the
Fire Division; Gabriela Page, a dependent
of Ivin Page of the Industrial Division;
Carlos Restrepo, a dependent of Doris
Lyons of the Computer Operations
Division; Jenilee Szymanski, a dependent
of Frederick Szymanski of the Safety-
Division; and Marianna Webb, a de-
pendent of Robert Webb of the Fire

8:30 a.m.
9 a.m.
10 a.m.
a.m.-l p.m.
a.m.-3 p.m.
1-5 p.m.
6:30 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
8-10 p.m.

Fourth of July festivities set
A mixture of patriotism and fun will mark the U.S. "Coast to Coast" Fourth of July
celebration on Monday. The United States will celebrate 208 years of independence with
Pacific-side activities held on Fort Clayton and Atlantic-side events scheduled on Fort
Davis. Both posts will be open to the public. Those attending must show identification
at the gate, and any vehicles entering the bases must have proof of insurance.
Entertainment, games and sports activities will be held throughout the day, along with
the traditional parades and fireworks displays. For more information, call 87-3007 on
the Pacific side or 89-5160 on the Atlantic side.

Pacific-side events
Concessions Open
Parade begins on Hawkins Avenue
Parachute jump
SCN live radio broadcast
Entertainment, games, sports
Parade winners awards presented
Bands on stage
79th Army Band concert
Fireworks display
Street dance (Hawkins Avenue)

Atlantic-side events
10-kilometer fun run Fronius Gym (FG)
Craft sales (FG)
Men's and women's softball and volleyball tournament finals
(FG and softball field)
Parade begins
Old fashioned games (Ft. Davis youth field)
Karate exhibition (FG)
Motorcycle show (FG)
Juggling exhibition (FG)
Cristobal High School cheerleaders presentation (FG)
Music (FG)
Disco block party (Ft. Davis community club)
Fashion show (FG)
Dance show (FG)
Folkloric dance (FG)
Fireworks display (Ft. Davis community park)
Teen dance (Sundial Recreation Center)

7 a.m.
9 a.m.
10 a.m.

1 p.m.
1 p.m.
:30 p.m.
:40 p.m.
:30 p.m.
:15 p.m.
4 p.m.
:30 p.m.
:15 p.m.
6 p.m.
:30 p.m.
8 p.m.

Upward mobility Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Rolando M. Edey holds an Upward Mobility Program completion certificate that he
received during a recent ceremony at the Motor Transportation Division. Edey, a
former motor vehicle operator, completed the program to qualify for his present job
as a federal drivers license examiner. From left are acting MTD Assistant Chief
Richard Linton, Transportation General Foreman Rodrigo Ter6n, acting MTD
Chief Rodrigo Eisenmann, General Services Deputy Director Charles Morris, MTD
Administrative Officer Judith G. Holder and Edey.

Position Vacancy List
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the Employment and
Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven days from the date
of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated positions (TDPs)
will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change. Persons
already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a permanent position change.
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion, in-service
employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-lower level or second-lower level of
the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center (Building 38,
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised. Employees
selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 52-3583).
Lo- Va-
ca- can-
Permanent Dositions Salaries Unit tion cies

Mate trainee, towboat, FE-7/15' 2 3 (Knowledge of
English, swimming ability and shift work required.) $16.14/$26.57
Office automation clerk, NM-3 .................. $5.64/$7.14
Temporary promotion
(Not to exceed one year)
Computer specialist, NM-9 4 ................... $13.60/$17.67
Temporary promotion
(Not to exceed six months)
General engineer, NM-12' 2,5 (Bilingual, swimming
ability and driver's license required.) ........... $19.71/$25.63

Marit. Training

Industrial A 1


P 1

I Only PCC employees will be considered.
2 Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Official Personnel Folder or attached to
the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered for the vacancy.
3 Testing designated position.
4 Basic and Cobol knowledge is required. Knowledge of microcomputer programming in database management
systems (e.g: Foxpro, Dbase, Clipper, or Foxbase) is required. Knowledge of Network Control Software (e.g. Novell) is
s Must have a substantial .background in at least two of the following disciplines: mechanical, civil,
electrical/electronics, or industrial engineering.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

What's happening

Concert music
The National Concert Association of
Panama will host a performance by the
Budapest Chamber Orchestra at 8 p.m.
July 12 in the ATLAPA Convention
Center. The French ensemble La Follia will
perform at the same time and place on
August 17. Tickets are available at Argosy
bookstore, Allegro music store and through
the association. Call 25-4951 for more


Diver and diver tender graduates Photo by Susan K. Stabler
Members of the Panama Canal's 36th diver and diver tender graduating class pose for a photo following their graduation
ceremony at the Industrial Division Salvage Depot and Diving School in Gatun. Standing, from left, are Salvage and Diving
General Foreman Rick Doubek; instructor Jose Sanguillen; Industrial Division diver graduates Edgar Arango, Roberto Cowen,
Rafael Lara and Thaddeus Williamson; instructor Brian Plaisance; and Industrial Division Chief Collin P. Corrigan. Kneeling
are Locks Division diver graduates Alberto R. Gayle and Roberto R. Sepulveda and diver-tender graduate Anthony F. Joseph.
Missing from the photo is instructor Luis Tempro. Arango was the class valedictorian.

Administrator, Panama Canal Comnmission
Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs
Associate Director
Associate Director
Actikng Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of
the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without
further permission by crediting the source. All material should be
submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or
by I 1:45 a.m. Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of
publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 by regular mail. 54 by
regular mail for students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money
orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call
52-3202 for further information or write the Office of Public Affairs.
Panama Canal Commission. Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or
Balboa Heights. Panama.

Pa~ P 4




Junta Directiva se

reunira en Panama

La cuarta reuni6n trimestral de la Junta
Directiva de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama para el afio fiscal 1994 sera el 13 de
julio en el Edificio de Administraci6n en
La agenda incluye los informes del
Administrador de la Comisi6n Gilberto
Guardia F., el Secretario Michael Rhode Jr.
y el Jefe de Finanzas Norbert E. Kraegel,
ademds de una presentaci6n de los
presupuestos de operaciones y capital para
el afio fiscal 1996. Los comit6s activos de la
junta tambi6n rendiran informes.
El trafico del Canal de Panama y los
programas de mantenimiento y mejoras
seran algunos de los temas a tratar por el
administrador. Tambi6n actualizarA a la
junta sobre participaci6n panamefia en la
fuerza laboral, asuntos devivienda, servicios
piiblicos y actividades referentes a la
transici6n del tratado en preparaci6n para la
transferencia del Canal a Panama en 1999.

Noticias breves

Clases de ingles
El pr6ximo period de ocho
semanas del programa de ingl6s en el
Centro de Adiestramiento del Canal
de Panama sera del 18 dejulio al 12 de
septiembre. Se ofrecerAn cinco niveles
de gramatica, dos niveles de
conversaci6n yuna clase de redacci6n.
Los empleados interesados deben
enviar sus nominaciones a trav6s de los
coordinadores de adiestramiento. El
plazo vence el 11 de julio.
Calidad del agua
En referenda al articulo del Spill-
way del 17 de junio sobre el proyecto
para mejorar el sistema de agua po-
table en el Edificio de Administraci6n,
elRamo deMantenimiento de Servicios
Ptiblicos ha anunciado que peri6-
dicamente prueban la calidad del agua
potable del edificio y que 6sta es
perfectamente sana para beber.
Beneficios de repatriaci6n
Los empleados estadounidenses de
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama que
planean renunciar o jubilarse
pr6ximamente deben contactar al
Ramo de Servicios de Transporte (52-
7845) para confirmar sus beneficios de
Renuevan carnes del
Seguro Social
LaCajadeSeguro Socialde Panama
(CSS) esta renovando todos los carn6s
ylos empleados que no hayan renovado
los suyos desde el 16 de enero de 1991
deberan hacerlo lo antes posible. El
carn6 nuevo cuesta $2 si se entrega el
anterior y $3 si no.
El Departamento de Afiliaci6n de
la CSS en el Pacifico abre de 7 a.m. a 3
p.m. y esta ubicado en elEdificio Bolivar
enlaviaTransistmica. SedarAprioridad
a empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal
de 7 a 9 a.m. de lunes a viernes, y los
empleados que deseen ir durante ese
horario deberan contactar primero a
sus oficiales administrativos.
La oficina de la CSS en elAtlantico,
ubicadaen Calle6ta. yAvenidaBolivar,
abre de 7 a.m. a 4 p.m. y no tendra
horario especial para personal de la
Comisi6n. Los asegurados deberin
llegar antes de las 8 a.m. y tomar un
nfimero para ser atendidos.
Para mds informaci6n, llame a la
Oficina de Compensaci6n de
Empleados y Asistencia de Reclamos
alaCSS dela OficinadeAdministraci6n
de Personal, al 52-3431.


Asegurando el paso hacia el siglo veintiuno

f Spillway

Vol. XXXII, NQ 13

Viernes 1 de julio de 1994

Compresores aumentan presi6n en esclusas

Por Joaquin Horna
Seis compresores nuevos estan siendo
instalados en las esclusas de Gatfin, Pedro
Miguel y Miraflores bajo un proyecto de
$1.6 millones para mejorar los sistemas de
aire comprimido en las esclusas. Cada uno
adquirido a un costo de $164,000, los nuevos
equipos reemplazan compresores mis
pequefios que han operado los fltimos 18
afios. El proyecto esta a mitad de camino, e
incluyela construcci6n de casetas de concreto
para cada unidad nueva.
Aunque las esclusas del Canal de Panama
funcionan con agua y electricidad, puede
decirse que la fuerza del aire mantiene las
instalaciones en condiciones 6ptimas, ya
que muchas herramientas usadas para dar
mantenimiento a las esclusas funcionan con
aire comprimido.
Los martillos perforadores usados por
los trabajadores de cemento para reparar
los rieles de locomotoras, las Ilaves de
impacto usadas por los mecAnicos para
apretar tuercas, y los taladros, los
esmeriladores y las otras herramientas
usadas a diario por empleados en varias
docenas de talleres funcionan con aire.
Durante reacondicionamientos de valvulas,
el aire comprimido acciona los elevadores
que levan a trabajadores y materiales a los
ttneles y tambi6n los carros sobre los cuales
las valvulas cilindricas son removidas.
Ademdis, se usa como apoyo para equipos
el6ctricos. Si uno de los motores que operan
los tornamesas de las locomotoras falla, se
puede usar aire para moverlos.

Rapida conversion

de datos ayuda a

prevenir derrumbes
Un programa de computadora creado
por los ingenieros Carlos A. Reyes y Luis
Carlos Fernandez permitirA interpretar en
forma mas rApida y eficiente la informaci6n
que recibe el personal de prevenci6n de
deslizamientos de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama. El programa reduce a la mitad el
tiempo requerido para procesar la
informaci6n del Ramo de Agrimensura y
convertirla en informes ficiles de leer.
"Estamos trabajando para poder
convertir la informaci6n a graficas", dice
FernAndez, y afiade que el trabajo ha sido
completado en un 80por ciento. El trabajo,
que debe terminar en tres meses, comenz6
a finales del afio pasado.
Establecido a fines de la d6cada de los 60,
el program a de prevenci6n de deslizamientos
de la agencia canalera intenta identificar
areas en donde exista una posibilidad de
derrumbespara aplicarmedidaspreventivas.
"Aquf no tratamos de recoger los escombros
luego del deslizamiento, sino predecir donde
puede ocurrir uno y hacer lo necesario para
evitarlo", dice el jefe del Ramo de Geo-
t6cnica, Luis D.Alfaro. Desde la instalaci6n
del programa, muchos movimientos de
taludes han sido detenidos por diversos
m6todos, previniendo asi los deslizamientos.
Unos de los m6todos mas efectivos en
cuanto a costo para prevenir deslizamientos
en el Corte Gaillard es el uso a gran escala
de drenajes. Nunca han ocurrido derrumbes
en la estaci6n seca. Los drenajes mantienen
los taludes secos todo el afio, a pesar de las
lluvias, y, por lo tanto, reducen mucho los
movimientos incipientes de los taludes.

Inspeccionan compresores
El aytdante de tomero de la
Division de Esclusas Ricardo
Martinezy el tomero Mario
Richards revisan las correas de
los compresores nuevos,
comprados e instalados bajo un
proyecto de $1.6 millonespara
mejorar el sistema de aire
compruiido en las tres esclusas.
Afiera, los trabajadores de
cemento Rail Ortega Caballero
yLuis Watson sepreparan
parausaralgunas herramientas
accionadaspor el sistema.
Foto por Armando De Gracia.

Los compresores nuevos son motores
grandes que succionan el aire por
ventiladores filtrados, lo comprimen con
pistones quesubenybajan dentro de cilindros
huecos, y lo presionan dentro de tanques
recibidores instalados afuera de las casetas.
El aire comprimido recorre toda la esclusa
en tuberias que corren a lo largo de los
tfneles y bajo el piso de la cAmara. Los
trabajadores pueden conectar mangueras al
sistema cada 150 pies.
Comparado con los 18 afios de servicio
de los compresores viejos, se espera que las
unidades nuevas duren mas de 50 afios. "La
Divisi6n Industrial todavia usauno adquirido
en los afios 1950", dice Jorge Vasquez,
asistente interino del superintendente del
Ramo Pacifico.
Las unidades nuevas son mis faciles de
mantener y reparar. Vasquez explica que
muchas piezas dafiadas de los modelos viejos
.tenian que enviarse a la fabrica, mientras
que los compresores nuevos pueden ser
mantenidos por los t6cnicos de las esclusas.
Otra mejora es el incremento de poder.

Ivan Lasso, gerente interino de proyectos
mayores de la Divisi6n de Esclusas, explica
que existen dos modelos distintos de
compresores viejos -- uno con capacidad de
lanzar 1,200 pies cfibicos de aire comprimido
por minuto y otro de 565 -- y ambos
funcionaban a la vez. Los compresores
nuevos, por otro lado, tienen capacidad de
1,500 pies cibicos por minuto y casi siempre
se usard uno en cada esclusa, lo cual hara
posible mantener y reparar el otro si es
necesario. Sin embargo, se usaran ambos
compresores en los reacondicionamientos.
Los compresores nuevos fueron
construidos en Inglaterra y ensamblados en
Virginia. "Vinieron listos para empezar a
trabajar", dice Vasquez, quien afiade que un
sistema de enfriamiento similar al de los
motores de autom6viles fue incorporado al
disefio original.
Ahora los t6cnicos de las esclusas estin
terminando de instalar los tres primeros
compresores; los tres filtimos seran
comprados e instalados para fines del afio
fiscal 1995.

Reparando el rompeoas de Crist6bal Foto por Susan K. Stabler
Enmarcadaporlapuertadelalancha "Sdbalo", unagna de 5SOtoneladassobreunabarcaza,
operadaporempleadosdeDillon Construction Inc.,deposita unapieza deconcretoprefabricada
de ocho toneladas sobre el rompeolas de Crist6bal. El contratista instalard 500 de las piezas
en forma de arafna para rellenar las grietas causadas por el constante golpe de las olas.

II' II II '1 r

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viemes 1 de julio de 1994

Botero cruza el lago para trabajar todos los dias

Por Susan K. Stabler
Federico Nifio es un botero -- tanto
dentro como fuera del trabajo. No s61o ha
sido botero en las Esclusas de Gatfin en los
iltimos 12 afios, tambi6n viaja al trabajo en
cayuco, el medio de transporte mis com6n
para los habitantes de La Garterita, pequefio
poblado de unas 40 familias en la orilla oeste
del Lago Gat6n.
Trabajador de turnos, Nifio sube
a su bote casi cuatro horas antes de
iniciar lajornada. Al viajar hacia el
trabajo de noche, una linterna le
ofrece su fnica iluminaci6n. Con un
motor de seis caballos en su cayuco,
demora unas dos horas para llegar a
Escobal, otro poblado lacustre. Ahi
asegura su bote, encadena el motor
y toma el bus hacia Gatuin.
Solamente el viaje en bus puede
durar una hora. Estima que el viaje
de ida y vuelta al trabajo puede
costarle $6 diarios.
Segfin sus supervisores, Nifio
siempre llega temprano no importa
en que turno trabaje. De hecho,
suele llegar una hora mis temprano.
Como botero, su trabaj o incluye
remar un pequefio bote de fibra de
vidrio para recibir las lineas de las
naves que se aproximan y llevarlas a
los muros de las esclusas. Uno
puede esperar que una persona que
pasa tanto tiempo en bote seabueno
en su trabajo, y un premio por
desempefio sobresaliente que Nifio
obtuvo recientemente asi lo
demuestra. "Es un buen empleado Corn
-- puedes contar con 61. Es una Fedei
persona muy confiable", dice el altral
capataz de mantenimiento de en las

instalaciones Alfredo Simpson.
Nifio ha tenido incidentes en sus viajes en
cayuco. Hace varios meses tropez6 con un
tronco sumergido en el lago. El impacto
impulso al motor dentro del bote hiriendo
seriamente el brazo de su acompafiante.
Nifio se machuc6 recientemente el dedo
indice derecho al remover el motor del
cayuco. Aim le duele el dedo lesionado,

o en su casa Foto por Susan K
ico Niio viaja en cayuco varias horas cada dia al
bajo antes de abordarelbote de remos que usa corn
r Eschlsas de Gatin.

pero, a trav6s del programa de rehabilitaci6n
de la Comisi6n del Canal en el gimnasio de
Gat6n, ha podido recuperar parte de su uso.
Conociendo su modo de transporte y los
accidentes, Alexandra Wong, la supervisora
de servicios administrativos de las Esclusas
de Gatfin, se maravilla ante el espiritu feliz
de Niio. "Este hombre tiene problemas",
explica, "y afin asi es una persona feliz".
El mismo Nifio minimiza sus
problemas, considerando que no
son peores que los de otras perso-
nas -- dinero, hijos y cosas asi.
"Mis problemas se resuelven",
dice. "No me preocupo mucho
por ellos".
Un hombre de m6sculos firmes
tras 52 afids de labor fisica, Nifio
ha vivido toda su vida en La
Garterita. Ahiconstruy6suhogar.
Tiene once hijos con su esposa
Aquilina, ocho niiios y tres nifias.
Como su padre, los menores
asisten a la escuela primaria del
lugar, mientras que los mayores
trabajan en el poblado o en otra
parte, algunos ayudando al padre
a construir casas de bloques en su
tiempo libre. A Nifio tambi6n le
gusta la pesca, el beisbol, el
baloncesto, el futbol, el tenis de
mesa y el domin6.
En cuanto al secreto de su
felicidad, Nifio explica que ama
vivir en La Garterita y trabajar en
las esclusas. Y viajar en cayuco
hacia el trabajo por el lago en
. Stabler lugar de combatir el trifico en la
dirigirse carretera, probablemente le da
o botero una granventaja sobre la mayoria
de la gente.

Caminos mejorados ayudan a mantener equipos

Por Myrna A. Iglesias
En las iltimas tres semanas, la Divisi6n
de Mantenimiento ha trabajado en la
rehabilitaci6n de los caminos de acceso a
unas 32 torres de lineas de transmisi6n de
alto voltaje de la Divisi6n de Electricidad
ubicadas cerca de la Carretera de la Reserva
Forestal. Las torres integran el sistema de
transmisi6n el6ctrica de la Comisi6n del
Canal que conecta la producci6n de la
Represa Madden con el resto del sistema de
44,000 voltios que suministra energia para
las operacionescanalerasylas comunidades
atlinticas y pacificas.
El proyectose inici6en febrero y concluy6
hace poco con larehabilitaci6n del iltimo de
diez caminos de acceso, cada uno

promediando alrededor de medio kil6metro
de largo. De acuerdo con el operador de
grtfas Carlos Guerra, encargado del proyecto,
el trabajo involucr6 limpieza y
acondicionamiento de unos 6 kil6metros de
espeso follaje.
El capataz operador de equipo m6vil de
la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento Luis Oakley
explica que antes de abrir los caminos s6lo
existian pequefios trechos inaccesibles para
camiones. Los electricistas tenfan que
caminar, cargando todo su equipo, para
hacer cualquier reparaci6n o mantenimiento
en las torres.
"Eltrabajo sehizo siguiendola topografia
del irea e hicimos esfuerzos especiales para
preservar elbosque", dice Oakley, agregando

que trabajaron en coordinaci6n con el
Instituto Panamefio de Recursos Naturales
Renovables, que expidi6 un permiso espe-
cial para realizar el trabajo. El proyecto
incluy6 cortar y rellenar partes del terreno,
construir drenajes e instalar tuberfas de
drenaj e y, por filtimo, cubrir los caminos con
una capa de rocas.
El supervisor electricista de alto voltaje
de la Divisi6n de Electricidad, Didio
Rodriguez, explica que actualmente le esta
dando mantenimiento general a las torres,
cambiandoles piezas oxidadasypintindolas.
"La rehabilitaci6n de estos caminos de acceso
facilita nuestrotrabajo devigilancia", afirma.
"Ahoratenemos acceso mas rApidoyefectivo
a estas torres en caso de una emergencia o
para realizar trabajos de mantenimiento".




Para resaltar la contribucion de
quienes jugaron papeles clave en la
construcci6n del Canal de Panamd, esta
serie conmemora el 80o. aniversario de
la via acudtica. Estd dedicada a los
75, 000hombresymujerescuyos esfuerzos
condujeron a la apertura del Canal el 15
de agosto de 1914.

John F. Stevens
A John F. Stevens corresponde el
cr6dito de haber organizado la
construcci6n del Canal de Panama.
Stevens lleg6 a Panama en 1905
encontrando una fuerza laboral
desmoralizada por las enfermedades y
la falta de liderazgo. Sabiendo que un
canal s6lo podrian construirlo
empleados protegidos de los peligros
del tr6pico, les ofreci6 las mejores
condiciones de vida posibles. Apoy6 de
leno a las fuerzas de sanidad eliminando
insectos transmisores de enfermedades
y abasteciendo de agua limpia y
alimento. Disefi6 y construy6 un
moderno sistema ferroviario para mover
las montafias de tierra y rocas en los
sitios de excavaci6n. Tambi6n convenci6
al Congreso de los Estados Unidos y al
presidente de que s6lo un canal de
esclusas podria ser construido con 6xito
e inici6 los planes para su construcci6n.
Sin embargo, con la obra en marcha,
Stevens renunci6 repentinamente,
dejando a otros la culminaci6n del
trabajo. Pero los planes que 61 concibi6
condujeron al 6xito del proyecto.

Descendientes de constructores se reunen

Inspeccionan alcantarillas Foto por Armando De Gracia
El operador de gnias Carlos Guerra, izquierda, y el capataz de operadores de equipo m6vil
Luis Oakley inspeccionan la alcantarilla terminada que corre bajo uno de los diez caminos
ejoradospor la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento. Los caminosfacilitan el acceso depersonal de
la Division de Electricidad a las torres de alto voltaje en la Carretera de la Reserva Forestal.

Los Descendientes de la Medalla
Roosevelt, una asociaci6n nueva, celebrard
el 80 aniversario del Canal de PanamA en
agosto. Luego de la apertura del Canal el 14
de agosto de 1915, se entregaron medallas
de bronce con la imagen grabada de
Theodore Roosevelt a 7,391 ciudadanos
estadounidenses que trabajaron al menos
dos afios consecutivos en el Canal entre 1904
y 1914. Los premiados realizaban una
variedad de empleos, desde posiciones de
obrero hasta administrativas.
"Sin importar la nacionalidad, los
descendientes directos de medallistas podrin
unirse al nuevo grupo", dice el antiguo
mediador de la Comisi6n del Canal Marc
Quinn, organizador de la asociaci6n sin
fines de lucro. Quinn explica que el objetivo
es preservar el recuerdo de los actos heroicos
de los galardonadospor medio de actividades

civicas y culturales, lo mismo que promover
las investigaciones y la diseminaci6n de
informaci6n afm.
Cada aiio, los Descendientes de la
Medalla Roosevelt planean reunirse el 15 de
agosto o en fecha cercana. Este afio, la
asociaci6n tendra una recepci6n para los
miembros en el jardin de la residencia del
Administrador, Casa 107 enAltos de Balboa,
de 5:30 a 7:30 p.m.
Tambi6n planean un paseo en lancha
paravisitar el Corte Gaillard y conmemorar
el esfuerzo de sus ancestros. La lancha
partird a las 9:30 a.m. el 16 de agosto desde
el muelle de Las Cruces (al norte de Pedro
Miguel) y estara de regreso alas 11 a.m. Las
personas elegibles que deseen ingresar a la
asociaci6n y participar en estos eventos deben
llamar a Quinn al 64-8957 antes del 15 de
julio. La membresia de cinco aiios cuesta $5.

PaSina 2


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Canal ligado a pioneros escoceses

Elsiguiente recuento hist6rico, escritopor
Clarece Martin, relata las experiencias de una
familia de inmigrantes delsiglo 17que viajaron
a Panama, los cuales, por cosas del destino,
se convirtieron en ancestros de Theodore
Roosevelt, elpromotorprincipal del Canalde
Panamd. El articulo apareci6 en la edici6n
del "AtlantaJournal and Constitution Maga-
zine" del 19 de marzo de 1978 y ha sido
reimpreso con autorizaci6n.

La historia de Georgia estd ligada por
siempre a la del Canal de Panama por una
familia escocesa que ayud6 a forjar la historia
de ambos lugares. Su historia, los peligros
que encontraron y su coraje y perseverancia
son la herencia no s6lo de Georgia y Panam a,
sino de todos los colonos del mundo.
Al amanecer del domingo 24 de
septiembre de 1699, mil trescientos
montafieses de Escocia dijeron adi6s a sus
familiares y amigos y navegaron desde el
Estuario de Forth, cerca de Edimburgo, en

Mucho despues de qu

naves estaban bien adet

en alta mar, los colonos

informados que se diri

Istmo de Darien.

cuatro barcos antiguos cargados. Creyendo
que su destino seria las Indias, cada alma
valerosa sellenaba de alegria por la promesa
de una casa y 50 acres de tierra f6rtil en un
paraiso tropical lejano. Sin embargo, sus
suefios y promesas se desvanecerian, y la
muerte seria la filtima recompensa para
Entre el grupo de colonos habia una
joven pareja, el Rev. Archibald Stobo y su
esposa de dos meses, Elizabeth Parks, una
de las pocas mujeres haciendo el viaje.
Archibald Stobo se gradu6 de teologia en la
Universidad de Edimburgo en el aiio 1697,
y se cas6 con Elizabeth dos afios despu6s.
Para entonces, la Compaiifa IndiayAfricana
de Escocia, una firma de banca e inversiones,
buscabavoluntarios para navegar hacia una
nueva tierra que llam6 "las Indias",
prometiendo a cada colono casa y tierras.
El joven Stobo se enlist6, al igual que
cientos de otros escoceses. Sin embargo, la
compafiia no les dijo que era parte de un
plan para abrir una ruta comercial entre los
oc6anos AtlAntio y Pacifico. QuizA6stono
hubiera significado nada para los escoceses
aventureros y deseosos de tierras. Mucho

despu6s que sus barcos estaban en alta mar,
se inform6 a los colonos que su destino era
el Istmo de Dari6n (hoy llamado PanamA),
un lugar llamado Isla Dorada.
Otro grupo de mil doscientos escoceses
los habia precedido, pero la historia de su
suerte lleg6 a Edimburgo muy tarde para
prevenir al segundo grupo. Muchos de los
primeros colonos habian fallecido en el
largo viaje, y la mayoria de los otros habia
muerto por enfermedades y hambre, o
cruelmente en manos de los espafioles. Dos
meses despu6s de salir de Edimburgo, el
segundo grupo de colonos arrib6 a la costa
de Dari6n y atrac6 en la hermosa Bahia de
Caledonia, llamada asi por la via acuAtica
escocesa, un puerto bastante amplio para
mil barcos. Archibald y Elizabeth Stobo
iban a bordo del Rising Sun, el primero en
llegar a Dari6n a pesar de ser el mAs grande
y pesado de los cuatro barcos.
Los indios nativos se alinearon en la
costa, alzando sus arcos desarmados en
serial de amistad. La
brisa tropical calent6 el
fe suS rostro de los fatigados
escoceses mientras se
n tradas paraban en las cubiertas
f,,eon desusbarcosybuscaban
ueron en la jungla sefiales de
gian al Nuevo Edimburgo,
esperando ver en la
costa los rostros de sus
compatriotas escoce-
ses. Pero no habia serial
de habitantes. La jungla se habia tragado
toda evidencia dejada por los primeros
Montaiias distantes miraban desde arril '
a la Bahia de Caledonia hacia el este y sobre
las azules aguas del Pacifico al oeste, la
misma escena que Balboa habia divisado
casi dos siglos antes. La cabecera del Rio
Atrato en el Golfo de Dari6n estaba a varios
cientos de yardas de otras corrientes que
vertian en el Pacifico. Una canoa podia ser
llevada a trav6s de la tierra que unfa el paso
de un oc6ano a otro.
A un mes desde su llegada, los colonos se
quedaban sin provisiones, y cantidades
morian cada dia por fiebresy falta de comida.
Un sacerdote en el grupo escribi6 sobre los
ruegos de Elizabeth Stobo para abandonar
ellugaryvolveraEscocia. "Nopodemos, en
este momento, ceder ante esto", escribi6,
"pero con gusto luchariamos para salir de
las dificultades del primer afio". Sus ruegos
debieron haber sido atendidos, pues, seis
semanas despu6s, mas de 150 habian muerto,
y muchos otros habian sido tomados como
esclavos por los espafioles.
Los soldados espaiioles finalmente

permitieron partir a los pocos
sobrevivientes en abril de 1700,
incluyendo a Archibald y Eliza-
beth Stobo, nuevamente a bordo
del Rising Sun. Al dirigirse los
cuatro barcos a Escocia, una
tormenta proveniente de la costa
de Florida hundi6 dos de ellos con
suspasajeros. Los otrosdosbarcos
fueron arrastrados por vendavales
al puerto de Charles Town
(despu6s lamado Charleston),
Carolina del Sur. Diez dias
despu6s, mientras reparaban los
barcos, un botero se acerc6 al
Rising Sun y pregunt6 si acaso
habia un sacerdote presbiteriano
a bordo que fuera a la orilla y
casara a una pareja escocesa en
Charles Town. El Rev. Stobo se
ofreci6 airyle acompafi6suesposa
y un pequeiio grupo de com-
patriotas escoceses.
Llevando s61o la ropa que
vestian y una pequefia biblia de
bolsillo que llevaba el Rev. Stobo,
planearon volver al caer la noche.
MAs tarde decidieron pasar la
noche en el pueblo cuando el clima
empeor6. Por la noche,
despertaron por los rugientes

vientos de un huracan. Se
apresuraron al puerto y vieron con horror
como uno de los barcos con sus pasajeros
era arrastrado al mar, donde se hundi6. El
Rising Sun y todos a bordo se hundieron en
el puerto.
Stobo se hizo misionario en Carolina del
Sur, estableciendo pequefias iglesias en la
frontera de Carolina. La hija de los Stobo,
Jean, nacida en Charleston, se hizo esposa
de James Bulloch, tambi6n inmigrante
escoc6s y joven prometedor. James y Jean
Bulloch mas tarde recibieron al Gen. James

Corriendo hacia elpuerto,

vieron con horror como una

nave era arrastrada hacia alta

mar donde se hundio.

Edward Oglethorpe en su extensa plantaci6n
de Colleton County en Carolina del Sur, en
1734, el aio despu6s que Oglethorpe fundara
una colonia de Georgia en Savannah.
Luego de la muerte de Jean Stobo, James
Bulloch se mud6 a Georgia y la corona le

Empleada indica forma segura de usar electricidad en casa

"Viviendo con electricidad" fue el
tema de la Divisi6n de Seguridad de la
Comisi6n del Canal en junio. En un
articulo sobre el tema, la interna de
carrera Olga Von Chong seiial6 que la
electricidad en el hogar nos ofrece una
serie de comodidades y conveniencias,
pero tambi6n puede ser peligrosa.
Ofreci6 estas gufas para protegernos y a
nuestras familias:
Marque la caja de interruptores de
circuitos el6ctricos y aprenda a
desconectar uno o todos los circuitos, lo
que le ayudara a reaccionar rapido en
caso de una emergencia el6ctrica.
Nunca toque un panel o caja de
circuitos siel piso esta inundadoo mojado.
De estar mojado, pArese en una tabla
seca, use botas de hule y asegfirese de no
tocar ningfin metal.

Revise la caja de circuitos regularmente,
manteni6ndola seca, limpia y accesible. No
trabaje los cables de la caja de circuitos pues
s6lo debe hacerlo un electricista calificado.
No use artefactos, herramientas o

extensiones mojados, ysiempremantenga
los artefactos pequefios lejos de
lavamanos, tinas de bafio y sanitarios.
Mantenga a los nifios alejados de las
cajas de circuitos, cables el6ctricos y
extensiones. Cubra tomas de corriente
sin usar, e instale tapones para enchufes.
Nunca use una extensi6n con menor
rango de amperaje que el artefacto o
herramienta a que esta conectada.
Asegfirese tambi6n de revisar que el
rango de vatios en bombillos no exceda el
rango para su instalaci6n.
No use extensiones en artefactos
grandes o como cable permanente, y
nunca los pase bajo una alfombra o los
asegure con tachuelas, alfileres o grapas.
Desconecte artefactos pequefios sin
usar. En general, los artefactos no deben
dejarse encendidos solos.

Pagina 3

Ruta de los inmigrantes escoceses desde Panama.

regal6 cientos de acres de tierras. Su hijo
Archibald, quien estudi6 leyes en las oficinas
de un abogado de Savannah, se convirti6 en
elocuente orador, lider y, eventualmente,
patriota en la lucha norteamericana por la
libertad. Fue electo delegado del Primer
Congreso Continental y, el 22 de enero de
1776, fue elegido presidente y comandante
jefe de Georgia.
Cuatro generaciones mas tarde, el
tataranieto de Archibald Bulloch, el
Presidente Theodore Roosevelt, lleg6 a las
costas de la Bahia de
Caledonia donde fue a

inspeccionar el canal que
61 habia autorizado tres
afios antes. El 20 de
noviembre de 1906,
Roosevelt escribi6 a sus
j6venes hijos, Ted y
Kermit, describiendo la
inmesurable belleza del
paisaje que sus ancestros
habian admirado unos

200 afios antes.
"Panama es extraia yhermosa", escribi6,
"con su masa de lujosa jungla tropical,
orquideas y brillantes mariposas y extraiias
aves. Al acercarnos a la costa, las montaiias
cubiertas de selva se veian mas y ms claras
hasta que pudimos ver la marea golpeando
las costas, mientras que habia escasamente
alguna serial de vida humana. Segui
pensando en los cuatro siglos de romance
salvaje y sangriento, mezclado con
despreciable miseria y sufrimiento, lo que
ha conformado la historia del Istmo hasta
hace tres afios".

Constructores descubren
poblado francs enterrado

En noviembre de 1907, ingenieros del
Canal de PanamA encontraron entero un
pueblo francs desconocido. Ubicado en
Caimito Mulato, el pueblo estuvo cubierto
por 20 afios dejungla, y encontrarlo fue una
sorpresa total. Segfin el informe, lo formaban
nueve juegos de viviendas para casados, 22
barracas, comedores yun pequeiio taller de
maquinas. La mayoria de los edificios estaba
en buenas condiciones para ser reparados, y
las maquinas s6lo requerian reacon-
dicionamiento y el cambio de algunas piezas
antes de volver a ser usadas.

Viernes 1 de iulio de 1994

`~--~--- -~ '~

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viernes 1 de julio de 1994

Comisi6n entrega diez becas

nimiento; Maria del Pilar Ho, hija de
Enrique Ho, de la Oficina del Inspector
General; Eric Nieto Jr., hijo de Eric Nieto,
de la Divisi6n de Bomberos; Gabriela Page,
hija de IvAn Page, de la Divisi6n Industrial;
Carlos Restrepo, dependiente de Doris
Lyons, de la Divisi6n de Operaciones de
Computadoras; Jenilee Szymanski, hija de
Frederick Szymanski, de la Divisi6n de
Seguridad; y Marianna Webb, hija de
Robert Webb, de la Divisi6n de Bomberos.

Eventos del Cuatro de Julio
Una mezcla de patriotismo y diversi6n marcard la celebraci6n de "Costa a Costa" del
Cuatro de Julio el lunes. Los Estados Unidos celebrardn sus 208 afios de independencia
con actividades en Fuerte Clayton en el Pacifico y en Fuerte Davis en el Atldntico.
Ambos fuertes estarin abiertos al piblico. Los asistentes deberin mostrar su identi-
ficaci6n en la garita, y los vehiculos que entren deberin tener comprobante de seguro.
Habrd entretenimiento, juegos y deportes durante el dia, ademis de los tradicionales
desfiles y fuegos artificiales. Para mis informaci6n, Ilame al 87-3007 en el Pacifico u
89-5160 en el AtlIntico.

Sector Pacifico
Abren concesiones
Inicia desfile en la Avenida Hawkins
Salto de paracaidas
Transmisi6n en vivo de radio SCN
Entretenimiento, juegos y deportes
Premiaci6n a ganadores del desfile
Bandas en vivo
Concierto de la 79th Army Band
Fuegos artificiales
Baile con discoteca (Avenida Hawkins)

Sector Atlbntico
Carrera de 10 kil6metros Gimnasio Fronius (GF)
Venta de artesanias (GF)
Final de tomeos de bola suave y voleibol masculino y femenino
(GF y campo de bola suave)
Inicio del desfile
Juegos de antaiio (campo juvenil de Fuerte Davis)
Exhibici6n de karate (GF)
Presentaci6n de motocicletas (GF)
Exhibici6n de malabarismo (GF)
Presentaci6n de porristas de Escuela Secundaria de Crist6bal (GF)
Mfsica (GF)
Fiesta de misica disco (club comunal de Fuerte Davis)
Desfile de modas (GF)
Presentaci6n de baile (GF)
Danzas folkl6ricas (GF)
Fuegos artificiales (parque comunal de Fuerte Davis)
Baile de j6venes (Centro Recreativo Sundial)

8:30 a.m.
9 a.m.
10 a.m.
a.m.-l p.m.
a.m.-3 p.m.
12 mediodia
1-5 p.m.
6:30 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
8-10 p.m.

7 a.m.
9 a.m.
10 a.m.

12 mediodia
1 p.m.
1 p.m.
1:30 p.m.
1:40 p.m.
2:30 p.m.
3:15 p.m.
4 p.m.
4:30 p.m.
5:15 p.m.
6 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
8 p.m.

Movilidad ascendente Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Rolando M. Edey muestra el diploma del Programa de Movilidad Ascendente que
recibi6 en la Divisi6n de Transporte Motorizado. Un antiguo chofer, Edey calific6
para su trabajo actual como examinador de licencias de conducirfederales. Desde la
izquierda aparecen Richard Linton, jefe asistente encargado de la division; Rodrigo
Terdn, capataz general de transporte; Rodrigo Eisenmann, jefe encargado de la
division; Charles Morris, subdirector de Servicios Generales; Judith G. Holder,
oficial administrativa de la division, y Edey.

Lista de Vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los formularios de solicitud deben
presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, a mis
tardar siete dias calendario despues de publicado este aviso.
Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un Puesto Designado para Prueba al Azar por Drogas
(TDP) tendrAn que someterse a una prueba de urinAlisis para descartar el uso ilegal de drogas antes del nombramiento o
del cambio de posici6n permanente. No se exigirA el urinAlisis a los empleados que ocupen un puesto sujeto a prueba por
drogas y anteriormente se hayan sometido a dicha prueba.
Para ciertas posiciones en series de un grado de intervalo, en donde no hay posiciones en la linea normal de promoci6n,
los empleados en servicio podrAn calificar con al menos un afo de experiencia especializada en uno o dos grados
inferiores al de la posici6n.
Los solicitantes podrAn repasar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA (Edificio 38, Balboa). Aquellos que, por raz6n de su experiencia, posean las pericias y habilidades
necesarias para ejercer el puesto exitosamente serAn calificados en base a requisites modificados. Esto no se aplica si se
trata de un ascenso.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y mAximas de pago por hora correspondientes a los grados de
las vacates anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para llenar una vacante-serAn colocados en el escal6n, grado y
tarifa bAsica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Ilamando al 52-3583.

Puestos permanentes bisico
Oficial de remolcador en adiestramiento, FE-7/151 2 3
(Debe saber ingles, saber nadar y trabajar turnos.) $16.14/$26.57
Oficinista de automatizaci6n de oficinas, NM-3 .... $ 5.64/$ 7.14
Ascenso temporal
(Maximo de un afio)
Especialista en computadoras, NM-91 4 ........... $13.60/$17.67
Ascenso temporal
(Maximo de seis meses)
Ingeniero general, NM-121 2 5 (Debe ser bilingiie,
saber nadar y tener licencia de conducir.) ....... $19.71/$25.63


Adiest. Maritimo

Si- can-
tio tes

P 2
A 1

Industrial A 1


P 1

I S61o se considerara a empleados de la Comisi6n.
2 La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante Ilena los requisites especiales debe adjuntarse a la solicitud o incluirse
en el expediente oficial de personal; de lo contrario, no se considerarA al solicitante para la vacante.
3 Puesto sujeto a pruebas al azar por drogas.
4 Debe tener conocimientos de Basic y Cobol. Debe tener conocimientos de programaci6n de microcomputadoras en
sistemas de administraci6n de base de datos (por ejemplo, Foxpro, Dbase, Clipper, o Foxbase). Debe tener
conocimientos del Software de Control de la Red de Computadoras (por ejemplo, Novell).
5 Debe tener experiencia sustancial en dos de las siguientes disciplinas: ingenieria mecAnica, civil, el6ctrica/electr6nica,
o industrial.
La Comisi6n del Canal de PanamB as un empleador que se ajusta a la
Ley sobre Igualdad de Oportunidades.

Graduaci6n de buzos Foto por Susan K. Stabler
Participantes del curso nitmero 36 para buzos y asistentes de buzos del Canal de Panam6 celebran tras la ceremonia de
graduaci6n en la Estaci6n de Salvamento y Escuela de Buceo de la Divisi6n Industrial en Gatirn. Aparecen desde la izquierda, el
capataz general de salvamento y buceo Rick Doubek; el instructor Jose Sanguillin; los buzos graduados de la Divisidn Industrial
Edgar Arango, Roberto Cowen, Rafael Lara y Thaddeus Williamson; el instructor Brian Plaisance, y el Jefe de la Divisi6n
Industrial Collin P. Corrigan. Agachados est6n los buzos graduados de la Divisidn de Esclusas Alberto R. Gayle y Roberto R.
Sepilveda y el asistente de buzos graduado Anthony F. Joseph. No aparece en lafoto el instructor Luis Tempro. Arango dio el
discurso de graduaci6n.

Eventos locales

La Asociaci6n Nacional de Conciertos de
Panami presentara a la Orquesta de
CAmara de Budapest el 12 de julio a las 8
p.m. en el Centro de Convenciones
ATLAPA. El conjunto francs La Follia se
presentara en el mismo lugar y hora el 17 de
agosto. Los boletos pueden obtenerse en la
libreria Argosy, la casa de muisica Allegro y
en la asociaci6n. Llame al 25-4951 para mas

Spillway t^l
A dministrador. Crorisirin del Canal de Panama,
Director de Relaciones Pthlicas
Director Asorriao
Directora Asociada
Editora Encargada
El Spillway del Canal de Panama es una publicaci6n oficial
quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Los articulos que en
ella aparecen pueden set reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n.
6nicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser
entregada antes del mcdiodia del jucvcs anterior a la semana de su
publicaci6n. o antes del mediodia del mi6rcoles si hay algin dia
feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n. las subscripciones de 52
ejemplares cuestan 56 por corrco regular. $4 por correo regular
para estudiantes y S19 por correo aereo. Envic cheque o giro postal
a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor
informaci6n. lame al 52-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de Relacio-
nes Ptiblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA Unit 2300,
APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa. Panama.

PN ina 4

La Comisi6n del Canal entreg6 becas
completas para el segundo semestre de 1994
y el primero de 1995 en el Panama Canal
College a Jamileth Aranda, hija de Mois6s
Aranda, empleado de la Divisi6n de
Protecci6n del Canal; Victor Brown Jr.,
hijo de Victor Brown, de la Divisi6n de
Servicios del Canal; Gloria Gorton, hija de
Gerald Gorton, de la Divisi6n de Pro-
tecci6n al Canal; Carla Guerra, hija de
Carlos Guerra, de la Divisi6n de Mante-

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