Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: July 2, 1993
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00225
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Board of Directors
to hold final meeting
for fiscal year 1993
The Panama Canal Commission Board
of Directors will hold its last quarterly
meeting for fiscal year 1993 in the Balboa
Heights Administration Building on July 14.
The meeting's agenda includes discussion
of fiscal year 1995 operating and capital
budgets, reports from the board committees
on operations and personnel and security,
appointment of key Commission officials,
retirement of property and marine accidents.
The board will hear reports from
Commission Administrator Gilberto Guar-
dia F., Secretary Michael Rhode Jr. and
Chief Financial Officer Norbert E. Kraegel.
Administrator Guardia will report on
such things as Canal traffic, maintenance
and improvements-including major agen-
cy procurements, the status of the Gatun
Locks overhaul and the Gaillard Cut
widening program. The Administrator will
also present an update on Panamanian
participation in the work force, Treaty
transition activities, housing issues and
public services.

Take note
The Payroll Deduction Section of
the Payroll Branch will be closed to
the public on the afternoons of July 8,
9, 26 and 27 in order for the
employees of that section to receive
training for a new payroll deduction
system to be implemented in the near
The Panama Electoral Tribunal
has scheduled a period for the
renewal of expired cedulas (Pan-
amanian identification cards) for all
cedula holders. Persons whose cedu-
las expired on or before December
1991 may renew them in July and
August of the present year. Cedulas
which expired between 1992 and the
present may be renewed beginning in
September. The renewal will be free
of charge provided the expired cedula
is submitted at the time of the
renewal. Otherwise, a replacement
fee will be charged.
The Panama Canal Commission's
Washington office will be relocated
on July 24, 1993. The new office
address will be: Office of the Secretary,
Panama Canal Commission, Interna-
tional Square, 1825 "1" Street, N.W.,
Suite 1050, Washington, D.C. 20006.
The telephone numbers will remain
the same.

Canal dependents
win scholarships
Congratulations are in order for ten
Panama Canal Commission dependents
who were awarded full tuition scholarships
to attend Panama Canal College during the
1993 fall semester and the 1994 spring
semester. The Commission has offered
these scholarships to employee dependents
for more than twenty years, with applicants
judged on a combination of academic
excellence, financial need and leadership.
This year's scholarship winners are
Jamileth Aranda, Jenille Blades, Rachel
Bottin, Erika Colonette, Eric Edwards,
Gabriela Page, Carlos Restrepo, Alonso
Spence, John Williford and Robert Womble.
Yvette Wilde, who was also awarded a
scholarship, declined in order to pursue
studies outside the Republic of Panama.

Unique transit
"What is it?" That's what mat
southbound vessel, shown her
Gatun Locks. The answer is th
exploration platform enroute
Thomas, the platform measur


By Susan Harp
Concrete railings on the south side of the
Administration Building received a facelift
last month when Maintenance Division
workers replaced part of the 79-year-old
balustrade that encircles the parking area.
The project carefully duplicated the curved
balustrade that has overlooked the stairs at
the south entrance to the building since
construction days.
"The original short supporting columns
were poured without reinforcing steel in
them, so they developed horizontal cracks,"
said Building Maintenance General Fore-
man Lloyd Perkins, who was involved in
the project. According to Perkins, the new
columns, also called "spindles," are rein-
forced with steel and should hold up a lot
longer. This preliminary project may lead to
the replacement of the entire balustrade
around the building.
The project started out at the beginning
of the year with the replacement of a
straight portion of the balustrade at the
bottom of the stairs leading from Goethals'
Monument to the Administration Building.
While Maintenance Division carpenters
Alejandro Jaramillo and Leovigildo Torres
built wooden forms to pour the concrete in
sections, mason foreman Leo Austin tried
out different formulas to match the color of
the original concrete.
"We experimented with different com-
binations of beach sand and a yellow sand
that is made from crushed rock," said
Austin, explaining that the mixture they
normally use was too dark in comparison to
the Administration Building's lighter color.
He came up with a formula that blended
well with its surroundings, and, after the
experimental balustrade was successfully
installed, Austin started work on the curved
railing encircling the rock monument at the
top of the stairs in mid-May.
"The carpenters had to come up with
forms that were easy to handle so they



Vol. XXXI, No. 13 Friday, July 2, 1993

could cast the concrete spindles and rails in
the shop and then transport them to the site
to install," said Austin. Given the steep drop
on the other side, the top rails couldn't be
removed from the site for more than a day
at a time. The carpenters made different
forms for the spindles, a straight base and
rail and a curved base and rail. After
pouring, the concrete sections were allowed
to cure in the molds for three days. Masons
Pedro Sanchez and CUsar Gir6n and
cement worker Jesfis Camargo then re-
placed the old sections of the balustrade

with the new ones.
The final touch was put on by cement
finishers Florencio Escudero and Luis La
Moth. They carefully trowvled a thin layer of
the new cement formula onto the original
end supports to make them match the new
portion. They were glad to be finishing
before "the mason foreman's retirement-
the balustrade was Austin's final project
after 24 years of service to the Panama
Canal. "I took a lot of pride in this last
project," Austin said, adding, "It felt good
to do something very special before I leave."

New balustrade Photo by Armando De Gracia
Maintenance Division workers, wearing makeshift cardboard sun shields over their
hard hats, replace the support columns on the curved balustrade in front of the south
entrance to the Panama Canal Commission Administration Building. Mason
foreman Leo Austin,far right, examines the work's progress. In the foreground from
left are cement worker Jests Camargo, mason Pedro Sdnchez, mason Cgsar Girdn
and Austin. Cement finisher Florencio Escudero appears in the background and
cement finisher Luis La Moth works behind Sanchez.

S ruz Blanca" drive
arns of drug dangers
SFor the safety of their loved ones,
Panama Canal Commission employees
with families should know that anyone can
buy a dose of cocaine or four "rocks" of
crack for just $1 on the streets of Panama-
even small children.
This shocking reality is the focus of a new
media campaign launched last week by the
Panamanian "Cruz Blanca," a private
organization that has been fighting drug
abuse and providing rehabilitation to
addicts for the last 15 years.
The campaign's main objective is to point
out that no home is protected from drugs at
the present time and that parents' watchful
eyes might prevent their children from
getting hooked on drugs.
During the coming months, several
"Cruz Blanca" TV, radio and press
advertisements will warn parents, and
teenagers of how easy it is to get drugs-
and how hard it is to stop using them once
they start. The soft and suggestive anti-drug
messages of the past will be replaced by
more direct messages that present drugs as
society's biggest problem and urge families
to take a strong and vigilant stand.
The graphic messages with appropriate
slogans are designed to shake viewer
complacency and bring home to them the
Photo by Susan K. Stabler tragedy that drug use can bring to the
individual user, the user's family members
ny people wanted to know about a recent odd-looking and friends, and society in general.
re getting some assistance from the tug "Unidad" at
hat it's not a vessel at all, but a British Petroleum oil The advertisements were produced through
to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Sitting on a barge, the "St. funding assistance from the U.S. Agency
,es 134feet in height. for International Development.

restore historical balustrade

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, July 2, 1993

Storage shed protects equipment

The newest structure at the Industrial
Division in Mount Hope spans the length
of a city block to offer 18,000 square feet of
covered space for the storage and mainte-
nance of mobile equipment and spare parts.
The new storage and maintenance
building was constructed by Kunkel and
Wiese Inc. at a cost of approximately
$660,000 to provide a centralized area for
mobile equipment. Division Chief Collin
Corrigan says, "It has consolidated plant
41 equipment storage and maintenance
Like horses coming back to the barn,
mobile equipment will be returned to the
Sshed at the end of every shift. Fork lifts,
New storage shed Photo by Susan K. Stabler cranes, compressors and portable welding
A fork lift is returned at the end of the day to the Industrial Division's brand new and sandblasting machines will be part of
storage shed, where the machine will be sheltered from the weather and undergo any the daily parade.
necessary preventive maintenance before heading back out to work the following "It makes this equipment more accessible
day. for preventive maintenance before daily

PCC nurse competes in beauty contest

By Myrna A. Iglesias
Atlantic Occupational Health nurse Jilma
Lewis de Ortiz leads a double life. By day,
in her nurse's uniform, she's concerned
about the health and safety of Gatun Locks
employees. After hours, she's competing as
a finalist in the "Bella y Sefiora" beauty
contest sponsored by a local TV station.
The contest emphasizes the special
qualities Panamanian women must possess
as professionals, wives and mothers. It
stresses that in spite of their many roles,

women can remain beautiful and physically

Ortiz, who entered the contest at the
urgings of her co-workers, says it is a family
affair because the whole family participates
and gets involved. Her husband, Canal
Towboat Master Luis Ortiz, says, "I feel a
great satisfaction at seeing my wife
participating in this contest." The couple's
two sons, 11-year-old Luis and five-year-old
Josimar, are also very enthusiastic.
Competing in the "Bella y Sefiora"

contest has not been easy for.Ortiz. From
her home in Colon, she has had to travel
frequently to Panama City to take part in
exercise sessions and modeling classes and
to rehearse the pageant choreography. She
says, "It means on most days I don't get
back home until around midnight, and my
husband has to supervise everything around
the house."
In addition, Ortiz has put herself on a
strict diet and daily exercise program to
achieve what she perceives as her optimum
physical condition for the contest.
Ortiz praises the support she's been given
by Supervisory Occupational Health Nurse
Karen Coffey and her co-workers. She
admits that she's always dreamed of
winning this type of contest and that being
among the finalists has been a great
Along with the 12 other finalists, Ortiz
will have to wait until the contest finals on
Saturday, July 10, to see if she's judged this
year's winner. Whether she wins or loses,
she says, "The contest has given me a lot of
self confidence, has represented achieving a
goal, and I've made many new friends."

use," explains Robert Rankin, special
projects coordinator. He adds that the shed
also shields the equipment from the
Some special features of the shed include
a truck lift located at the lubrication station
and a material lift with a 1,000-pound
capacity. There are also six enclosed repair
stalls and a special 1,400-square-foot repair
stall for cranes.
Environmentally friendly, the structure's
drainage system can separate oil from water
so that only water drains into the sea. Says
Rankin, "It's the only system of its type that
I know of locally."

What's happening

Audubon meeting
The Audubon Society will meet at
7:30 p.m. on Thursday, July 8, at the head-
quarters for the Metropolitan Nature Park.
Dr. Alberto Broce will speak on "Insec-
ticides: Benefits and Hazards to the

Soni Ventorum concert
The National Association of Concerts
has announced that its fourth concert for
the 1993 season will take place at 8 p.m. on
Monday, July 5, at the ATLAPA
Convention Center. Soni Ventorum, a
quintet of musical wind instruments, will
present works by Mozart, Ibert, Reicha,
Barthe and Nielsen. Tickets are $20 or $5
for students and can be purchased at
Libreria Argosy, the Allegro music store
or the association (25-4951).

Ballet Hispanico
The U.S. Embassy, in conjunction with
AT&T and Refmeria Panama, S.A., will
present a performance by New York's Ballet
Hispanico at 8 p.m. on Tuesday, July 13, in
the Anayansi Theater of the ATLAPA
Convention Center. Tickets are available
between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. at the U.S.
Information Service on the second floor of
the Miramar building on Balboa Avenue
and 39th Street. They can also be purchased
at Libreria Argosy. The price for students is
$5, with other tickets selling for $15 or $20.

PCC nurse beauty contest finalist Photo by Susan K. Stabler
Occupational Health Nurse Jilma de Ortiz performs a follow-up medical
examination on Gatun Locks Apprentice Rigger Miguel Angel Berroa. Ortiz is
participating in a local beauty contest that emphasizes the diverse roles played by
Panamanian married women.

Position Vacancy List
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must be submitted to the Employment and
Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven days from the date
of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for testing-designated positions (TDPs)
will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or permanent position change. Persons
already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a permanent position change.
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the normal line of promotion, in-service
employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-lower level 'or second-lower level of
the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center (Building 38,
Balboa). For actions other than a promotion, modified qualifications will be used to qualify applicants when their
backgrounds include closely related experience that provides the skills necessary for successful performance.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised. Employees
selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Branch (telephone 52-3583).

Permanent positions
Mechanical engineer, NM-7/ I112 (Swimming ability
and driver's license required.) .................
Roofer foreman, MS-92 (Knowledge of English and
Spanish required. Driver's license required.......





Lo- Va-
ca- can-
tion cies

P 2

S11.48/S13.41 Maintenance P 1

SOnly PCC employees will be considered.
2 Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Official Personnel Folder or attached to
the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered for the vacancy.
3 Testing designated position.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

Pa gP 2

Apprentice School offers training packets
The training packets listed below are available at the Apprentice School's Technical Multimedia Center in Building
2-A. The estimated time period required for completing each course appears next to the title. Interested Panama
Canal Commission employees should complete Form 2827, leaving the space for the date blank, and send the form to
the Industrial Training Branch. For further information, call Reinel Sisnett or Ariadna Izquierdo at 52-4190.
AC Motors .................... (two days) Introduction to Industrial Control (three days)
AC Motor Controllers ........... (two days) Industrial Pneumatics ........... (two days)
AC Speed Controllers ........... (two days) Introduction to Programmable Con-
Bearings ....................... (two days) trollers ...................... (four days)
Centrifugal Pump Repair Training (three days) Introduction to Servo-Robotics ... (two days)
DC Motors .................... (two days) Lubrication .................... (one day)
DC Motor Controllers .......... (two days) Mechanical Print ReadingMainte-
DigitalCircuitFundamentals.....(twodays) nance Skills .................. (two days)
Digital Circuit Fundamentals ..... (two days) Introduction to Microprocessors (three days)
Gears and Gear Systems ......... (one day) Power Transmission Belt Drive Sys-
Gould 584 Maintenance Program (three days) tems ........................ (one day)
Hydraulic Power Basics.......... (one day) Power Transmission Chain Drive Sys-
Hydraulic Power Components .... (four days) tems ....................... (one day)
Hydraulic Power Systems and Trou- Seals-Mechanical Maintenance (one day)
bleshooting ................ (three days) Servomotors .................. (two days)
Industrial Hydraulics ............ (two days) Shaft Joining and Coupling Devices (one day)

Industrial Training Branch seminars set
The Industrial Training Branch will offer the seminars listed below to enhance the skills of Panama
Canal Commission craft personnel. All sessions will meet from 7 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. in the Apprentice
School (Building 2-A of the Balboa Industrial Area), with the exception of "Aluminum Hull Welding,"
which will be presented at the Industrial Division in Mount Hope. Nominations should be submitted
through program training managers on form 2827.
Basic Solid State Electronics (for Electrical Division employees) ................ July 1 through 29**
Aluminum Hull Welding (for Industrial Division employees) .................... July 6 through 8
Electrical Codes (for Electrical Division employees) .......................... July 7 through 22*
Standards and Conventions (for Gatun Locks employees) ..........July 8 through September 24**
Aluminum Hull Welding (for Industrial Division employees).................. July 20 through 22
Tech 1 Familiarization (for Motor Transportation Division employees)................... July 20
Basic Surface Preparation............................................... July 20 through 21
Port Fuel Injection (for Motor Transportation and Dredging division employees) :... July 21 and 28
Cathodic Protection..................................................... July 22 through 23
Electrical Codes (for Electrical Division employees) .................July 28 through August 12*
Cathodic Protection ............... ........ .......................... July 29 through 30
Pumps ............... .................................. ..... July 29 and August 5
*Each Wednesday and Thursday
**Each Thursday

F 'bV L -

yadirF July 2 1993

The Panama Canal Spillway

Reservists enjoy camaraderie,

training while on active duty

By Susan Harp
For those who have served in the U.S.
military at one time or another, joining the.
U.S. reserves in Panama can bring a variety
of rewards-both personal and financial-
as a number of Panama Canal Commission
employees have discovered.
"I enjoyed my several years' of active
military service, and the reserve program
gave me an opportunity to continue that
experience and the camaraderie that goes
with it," says Treaty Affairs Officer John T.
Bowman, who has risen to the rank of
colonel during his 26 years in the reserves.
Bowman, who serves as deputy commander
of the 2790th U.S. Army Reserve Regiment

Reservists may request

active duty assignments

that take them on field

exercises in other coun-


(Reinforcement Training Unit), adds that
there are also economic benefits-including
pay for periods of active duty and a
retirement annuity.
To qualify for retirement, reservists must
earn a minimum number of points annually
by participating in meetings, drills and
active-duty training or by completing
professional development correspondence
courses. Accruing 20 years' credit, including
time spent in active-duty military service,
entitles them to begin receiving benefits
upon reaching age 60. The benefits include
a monthly stipend, medical coverage and
travel and shopping privileges at military
The benefits while they are still in the
reserves include limited purchasing privi-
leges, and for navy reservists, a paycheck for
service during the monthly drills. For many,
though, the experience itself is the most
important benefit.
David J. Dear, master-in-charge of the
Commission tugboat Schley and a boat-
swain's mate in the Navy reserves, enjoys
the hands-on drills. "I practice my boat

skills in the reserves so I can keep up with
my crew on the tug," he explains.
Navy reservists drill with active-duty.
seamen at Rodman Naval Station and are
assigned to various units according to their
skills. They meet year-round, committing
two full days a month to drills, while Army
reservists attend training classes once a
week from September through May. Every
year, members of both groups may request
two or more weeks of active duty that may
take them on field exercises in other
."I went to Venezuela with Special Boat
Unit 26 from Panama for a joint training
exercise with the Venezuelan navy," says
Elvir R. Mac Millan, who grew up in
Venezuela because of his father's job. "They
were impressed that I knew their country,
and they took us everywhere." Mac Millan,
a marine engineer for the Canal Services
Division, has been in the Navy reserves
about three years and says the extra training
he gets helps him improve his sea skills and
advance his career.
Other reservists have gone one step
beyond training exercises. Commission
security guard Luis E. Bianchini joined the
Army reserves in 1976 and volunteered to
go to Saudi Arabia during the Persian Gulf
conflict. "Hot, 113 degrees, with sand
everywhere and no trees," is how he
describes Saudi Arabia, adding that the
country is very conservative, with no liquor
or movie theaters allowed.
Bianchini worked for a month at a port
in Damman, distributing the masses of
equipment brought in on ships. He then
moved to an office job, organizing the
movement of food and supplies to the
troops. "I delivered equipment to the
Kuwait frontier, but there was no fighting
going on at that time. The tour was a good
experience, and I met people from all parts
of the world," he says.
Because of the worldwide reduction in
U.S. forces, the Navy is not recruiting
locally for the reserves. The Army, however,
is accepting applications for the local unit
from people with previous military service
or a current reserve commitment. For
information on the Army reserves, call Lt.
Col. Stan Constantini at 87-3313.

Drill time Photo by Armando De Gracia
U.S. Navy Gunners Mate Ronald B. Carpenter, left, instructs Panama Canal
Commission towboat engineer Elvir R. Mac Millan on the workings of a 25-
millimeter Bushmaster machine gun aboard a Sea Spectre Mark IV patrol boat. Mac
Millan, a navy reservist, recently worked with Special Boat Unit 26 crew members
aboard the vessel on an active-duty assignment. They traveled to Venezuela to train
members of the Venezuelan navy in ship maintenance and coastal patrol techniques.

Katherine Gaillard writes of construction days

Part 9: The wild creatures

Her plantings now
estabihed Katheane
Gaillard, wife of
Canal builder Col.
Daviddu Bose Gail-
lard, watched for
the return of the small jungle creatures to
the once barren Culebra townsite. Here she
tells about them and of how her husband
coaxed some of them back.
The garden was finished, but to me it was
complete only when the small wild
creatures, banished with the jungle, stamped
it with their approval and returned. Soon
they ventured back, and the place was quite
alive with them. There were stunning green
and yellow lizards, a foot or more long,
which, with slender tails held aloft, darted
swiftly from bush to bush. The fat, speckled
toads who came were lazy, and hopped
about less energetically. To my great joy,
once even an iguana came in from the real
jungle and lived for a time in the bamboo,
until, I fear, he was put into some savory
"sancocho" stew and eaten by the gardener.
There were also many brilliant butterflies
and, at dusk, even little fluffs of owls

sociably hooted at us and at each other their
vesper songs. Other birds came and built
nests even in the potted plants which stood
about the door. There were cowbirds and
kingbirds and beebirds, tropical thrushes,
hummingbirds and sparrows and, most
beautiful of all, the deep blue tanagers.
It was Colonel Gaillard who had coaxed
them back by always leaving something for
them when feeding the monkey, Tonto.
These scraps were given them regularly
twice a day, under the royal palms and
poincianas-not oftener because he did not
wish to "pauperize them."
They came to the feast by dozens, but no
two kinds ate at the same time. At first there
had been fierce fights, until a precedence
exactly proportionate to their prowess in
battle had been firmly established. With the
last ones gone, the fat, lazy toads hopped
out and gathered up the fragments left.
The birds' breakfast was served to them
every morning at 8:30, except on Sundays.
On these mornings they would gather at the
usual time in the treetops and, for once
united, would scold like little furies the
sleeping, negligent humans responsible for
this delay, which they could not understand
and which they deeply resented.
To be continued...

New milling machine in action

Machine tool operator Tom Tai and
Machinist Foreman Radislav Stankovic
make the final adjustments to the
Industrial Division's Gantry milling
machine prior to machining the bottom
seal bar of a rising stem valve. The
milling machine, which began
operations recently, is meeting or
surpassing all expectations and is
already saving the Commission $6,000
per rising stem valve, a dollar-figure
savings expected to increase with
assembly-line production of the valve
work. During fiscal years 1993 and
1994, a total of 56 rising stem valves will
be machined.

Photo by Susan K. Stabler

Page 3

Ilau , IL, L -

I -

The Panama Canal Spillway

Friday, July 2, 1993

Panama Canal defense vital

during second world war

This year's U.S. Independence Day
observance by U.S. organizations and
citizens in Panama (see schedule of events
on this page) includes a salute to the
Panama Canal and the role it played during
World War II. The United States began
commemorating the 50th anniversary of its
December 7, 1941, entry into World War II
in December 1991 and will continue to do
so until August 14, 1995, the 50th
anniversary of the end of the war. The
following article is the first of a four-part
series about how the war affected Panama
Canal operations and the people who lived
near and worked at the Canal during that
time-a time of perceived danger during
which the movement of materials, troops
and supplies through the waterway was a
critical part of the war effort.

By Susan Harp
Although no battles were ever fought at
the Panama Canal during World War II,
operations at the waterway and the lives of
those working on it were dramatically
affected by the conflict.
Canal defense capabilities had been
planned since construction days. U.S.
troops were stationed in Panama and heavy
artillery was installed during World War I,
the so-called "war to end all wars." Thus,
preparations had already been made when
the unthinkable happened again.
When Germany invaded Poland in 1939,
the U.S. military began reinforcing its
overseas garrisons. A September 5, 1939,
executive order transferred final authority
and jurisdiction over the operations of the
Panama Canal and Canal Zone to the
commanding general of the Army's Pan-
ama Canal Department. Because the
military considered defense of the Panama
Canal essential to the mobility of its naval
fleet, it increased the number of U.S. troops
in Panama from 13,451 in 1939 to 28,000 by
the end of 1940.
By July 1941, the United States knew
Japan was moving into Indochina and

Thailand. The Japanese ordered their
merchant fleet to leave the Atlantic Ocean,
giving the United States reason to suspect a
surprise attack was imminent-but where?
The United States also moved its
hypothetical line of defense, which had been
drawn from Alaska through Hawaii to
Panama, further west to include the
Philippines. At the Canal, the Army dusted
off the big guns. These huge weapons,
placed near both entrances to the Canal,
were surrounded by massive concrete
structures called batteries, which held the
guns, ammunition, equipment and provi-
sions. The 11 Atlantic-side and 12 Pacific-
side batteries housed guns ranging from 6 to
16 inches in diameter. Two 16-inch guns on
Fort Kobbe had a range of over 25 miles.

Most of these batteries were later filled in
or reclaimed by the jungle, but some
monument-like remnants remain. One can
be seen on the island of Naos on the
Causeway and another on the perimeter of
Gatun Lake near Lighthouse Landing
across from Gatun Locks.
Although well positioned, the guns were
effective only against surface targets. As
Pearl Harbor would soon show, seagoing
aircraft carriers could launch air attacks
from hundreds of miles beyond the guns'
ranges. Still, since they were the best
weapons available for precision fire against
surface targets, the batteries were manned
throughout most of the war.

Several events leading up to the war
caused tensions to increase in Panama. In
September 1941, the Germans sank the
Panama registry steamship Sessa. All but
three people were killed, and the survivors
were rescued only after spending 19 days in
a lifeboat. Panama reacted by withdrawing
its consul from Germany. The following
month, U.S. military dependents in Pan-
ama were evacuated to the United States.
By November 1941, there were 31,400 U.S.
troops on the isthmus waiting to see what
would happen next.

Adult swim meet participants
Wearing special T-shirts and displaying trophies and certificates of participation,
swimmers in a recent adult swim meet held at Balboa pool gather for a photo with
Employee Fitness Branch Chief Josi Jadn, center, and Supervisory Aquatic Sports
Specialist Julio Sinclair, at left front. In observance of National Physical Fitness and
Sports Month, an adult meet was also held at Gatun pool.

U.S. Independence celebrations set

The United States will celebrate 207 years of independence on Sunday, July 4,
and festivities are planned at U.S. military bases on both sides of the isthmus. This
year's theme commemorates the 50th anniversary of World War II by saluting the
Panama Canal and its role in supporting world commerce during the war.
The Pacific community will celebrate at Fort Clayton. The Atlantic community
has two days of activities planned at a variety of locations. The general public is
invited to join in the festivities. Identification must be shown on request at the
base gates, and vehicles entering the bases must show proof of insurance.
For more information, call 87-4225 on the Pacific side and 89-5181 on the
Atlantic.. ;-

Pacific community activities on Ft. Clayton for Saturday, July 3

Time .
8:30 a.m.
9 a.m.
I1 a.m.

1-5 p.m.
6:30 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
8 p.m.

6:00 a.m.
7:00 a.m.
8:00 a.m.
10:00 a.m.
2:00 p.m.

3:00 p.m.
4:00 p.m.

5:00 p.m.
6:00 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
8:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m.

10:30 a.m.
11 p.m.
6 p.m.

Activity Place
Food and drink booths open Quadrangle
Parade begins Hawkins Avenue
Rides and games Quadrangle
Sports competition Reeder Fitness Center
Awards for parade competition Stage
Rock band Stage
79th Army Band concert Stage
Fireworks display Jarman Field
Street dance with Disco America Hawkins Avenue

Atlantic community activities for Saturday, July 3
Activity Place
Firecracker Fishing Tournament Ft. Espinar Aquativity Ctr.
10-K Fun Run Fronius Gym on Ft. Davis
Crafts sales Fronius Gym
Men's softball tourney begins Davis Field
Parade Ft. Davis
Magic show Fronius Gym
Old-fashioned games Davis Youth Field
Panamanian dance demonstration Fronius Gym
Dance competition Fronius Gym
Disc jockey Davis Community Club
Fashion show Fronius Gym
Folkloric dance demonstration Fronius Gym
Fireworks Davis Community Park
Teen dance Sundial Recreation Center
Local band Davis Community Club

Atlantic activities for Sunday, July 4
Sunday brunch Davis Community Club
Firecracker Volleyball Tourney Shimmey Beach
Scuba demonstration Shimmey Beach
Family pool party Ft. Espinar Pool



Administrator, Panama Canal Conmission

Director of Public Affairs

Old fortification Photo by Susan Harp
Despite the encroaching tropical vegetation, visitors to Naos Island along the Ft.
Amador causeway can still glimpse this entrance to Battery Burnside. Once the site of
an armory and the big guns that guarded the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal
during World War II, the former U.S. military structure now enjoys a peaceful

Associate Director

Deputy Administrator

Associate Director

Acting Editor
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the source. All material should be submitted by 11:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or by 11:45 a.m.
Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 by regular mail, 54 by regular mail for
students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call 52-3202 for further
information or write the Office of Public Affairs, Panama Canal Commission, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or Balboa Heights, Panama.

PaP 4a



Vol. XXXI, NQ 13

I q qui

Directiva del Canal
tendr ultima reunion
del anio fiscal 1993
La junta directiva de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama celebrara su illtima
reuni6n trimestral del afio fiscal 1993, en el
Edificio de Administraci6n en Balboa el 14
de julio.
La agenda incluye discusi6n de los
presupuestos de operaci6n e inversiones
para el afio fiscal 1995; presentaci6n de
informes de los comit6s de operaciones y de
personal y seguridad de la directiva;
.nombramiento de personal clave en la
agencia, retiro de bienes y accidentes
La directiva escuchara informes del
Administrador Gilberto Guardia Fabrega,
el Secretario Michael Rhode, Jr., y el Jefe
de Finanzas Norbert E. Kraegel.
El informe del Administrador Guardia
incluira trafico de naves, mantenimiento y
mejoras al Canal-incluyendo las adquisi-
ciones importantes y el progreso del
reacondicionamiento de las Esclusas de
Gat6n y del programa de ensanche del
Corte Gaillard. El Administrador tambi6n
presentara informaci6n actualizada sobre
participaci6n panamefia en la fuerza labo-
ral, actividades de transici6n del Tratado,
asuntos de vivienda y servicios p6blicos.

Tome nota
La Secci6n de Descuento de
Sueldos del Ramo de Planillas cerrara
al piblico en las tardes del 8, 9, 26 y
27 de julio para poder adiestrar a los
empleados de esa secci6n en un
nuevo sistema de descuento que se
implementar6 pr6ximamente.

El Tribunal Electoral de Panama
ha programado un periodo para
renovar las c6dulas de-identidad
expiradas. Los portadores de cedulas
expiradas en diciembre de 1991, o
antes, deberan renovarlas entre julio
y agosto del presente afio. Las
c6dulas expiradas entre 1992 y la
fecha actual podrrn ser renovadas a
partir de septiembre. El proceso ser6
gratuito, siempre y cuando se presen-
te la c6dula expirada al momento de
renovarla. De lo contrario, se cobrara
una tarifa por el documento.

La oficina de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama en Washington
sera reubicada el 24 de julio de 1993.
Su nueva direcci6n sera: "Office of
the Secretary, Panama Canal Com-
mission, International. Square, 1825
"I" Street, N.W., Suite 1050, Washing-
ton, D.C. 20006. Los telefonos ser6n
los mismos.

Dependientes ganan
becas de estudio
Felicitaciones a los diez dependientes de
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama que
recibieron becas completas para asistir al
Panama Canal College durante dos semes-
tres, en 1993 y 1994. La Comisi6n ha
ofrecido estas becas a los dependientes de
empleados por mas de veinte afios. Los
ganadores son premiados tomando en
consideraci6n su excelencia acad6mica,
necesidad financiera y liderazgo.
Los ganadores de becas este anio son
Jamileth Aranda, Jenille Blades, Rachel
Bottin, Erika Colonette, Eric Edwards,
Gabriela Page, Carlos Restrepo, Alonso
Spence, John Williford y Robert Womble.
Yvette Wilde, quien tambi6n gan6 una
beca, declin6 la oferta para continuar
estudios fuera de la Repfiblica de Panama.

Viernes 2 de julio de 1993

Transito singular Foto por Susan K. Stabler
"Que es eso?", pareciera preguntarse la gente al ver la extraia nave que aparece en la
foto recibiendo asistencia del remolcador "Unidad" en las Esclusas de Gatun. Pero
no se trata de una nave, sino de una plataforma de extracci6n de petr6leo britdnica
que se dirigia a la Bahia de Prudhoe, en Alaska. Transportada en la barcaza "St.
Thomas", la plataforma se levanta 134 pies.

Empleados restauran viejas columnas

Por Susan Harp
Columnas de concreto en el lado sur del
Edificio de Administraci6n fueron renova-
das el mes pasado cuando empleados de la
Divisi6n de Mantenimiento reemplazaron
parte de la balaustrada que rodea el Area de
estacionamiento desde hace 79 afios. Con
mucho cuidado se duplic6 la balaustrada
curva que ha dominado la gran escalera del
edificio desde los dias de la construcci6n.

"Las columnas cortas de soporte origina-
les no tenian acero de refuerzo y se
agrietaron horizontalmente", dijo el capataz
general de mantenimiento de edificios
Lloyd Perkins, quien particip6 en el
proyecto. Perkins agreg6 que las nuevas
columnas, tambi6n lamadas "mazorcas",
estan reforzadas con acero y deben durar
mucho mas. Este proyecto preliminar puede
levar al reemplazo de todas las columnas
alrededor del edificio.

El proyecto se inici6 a comienzos de afio
con el reemplazo de una parte recta de la
balaustrada al fondo de las escaleras que
Ilevan del Monumento Goethals al Edificio
de Administraci6n. Mientras los carpinteros
Alejandro Jaramillo y Leovigildo Torres
construian moldes de madera para vaciar el
concreto por secciones, el capataz albafiil
Leo Austin probaba varias f6rmulas para
igualar el color del concreto original.

"Probamos distintas combinaciones de
arena de playa y arena amarilla hecha con
piedra triturada", dijo Austin,.explicando
que la mezcla normalmente usada era muy
,oscura en comparaci6n con el color claro
del Edificio de Administraci6n. Al fin dio
con una f6rmula que combinaba bien con
los alrededores y, despu6s de instalar con
6xito las columnas de prueba, Austin
comenz6 a trabajar en la.baranda curva que
rodea el monumento al final de las
escaleras, a mediados de mayo.
"Los carpinteros tuvieron que hacer
moldes faciles de manejar para cambiar las
columnas de concreto y las barandas en el
taller y luego transportarlas para instalarlas",

dijo Austin. Debido a la altura, las
barandas superiores no podian removerse
del lugar por mas de un dia a la vez. Los
carpinteros hicieron diferentes moldes para
las columnas una base y baranda rectas y
una base y baranda curvas. Despu6s del
vaciado, las secciones de concreto fueron
dejadas en los moldes por tres dias para que
secaran. Los albafiiles Pedro Sanchez y
C6sar Gir6n y el trabajador de hormig6n
Jesus Camargo luego reemplazaron las
viejas secciones de la balaustrada.
El toque final lo dieron los pulidores de

hormig6n Florencio Escudero y Luis La
Moth. Con cuidado extendieron una
delgada capa de la nueva mezcla de
cemento sobre las columnas originales para
emparejarlas con la nueva porci6n. Estuvie-
ron felices de terminar antes de lajubilaci6n
del capataz albafiil. La balaustrada fue el
illtimo proyecto de Austin despu6s de 24
afios de servicio en el Canal de PanamA.
"Me senti muy orgulloso de este iltimo
proyecto", dijo Austin, "me siento bien por
haber hecho algo muy especial antes de

Nueva balaustrada Foto por Armando De Gracia
Trabajadores de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento, usando protectores solares
improvisados sobre sus cascos de seguridad, reemplazan las columnas decorativas en
la pared curva frente a la entrada del Edificio de Administraci6n de la Comisi6n del
Canal. El capataz albanil Leo Austin, a la extrema derecha, examina el progreso de
la obra. En primer piano, desde la izquierda, estdn el trabajador de hormig6n Jesuts
Camargo, los albanjiles Pedro Sdnchez y Cisar Gir6n y Austin. El pulidor de
hormig6n Florencio Escudero aparece alfondo y el pulidor de hormig6n Luis La
Moth trabaja detrds.

Cruz Blanca lanza
campaia antidrogas
Por la seguridad de sus seres queridos, los
empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama deben saber que cualquiera puede
comprar una dosis de cocaina o cuatro
piedras de crack por s61o $1 en las calles de
Panama-hasta los nifios pequeiios.
Esta terrible realidad es el foco de una
campafia de medios lanzada la semana
pasada por la Cruz Blanca Panamefia,
organizaci6n privada que combate el abuso
de drogas y ofrece rehabilitaci6n a los
adictos desde hace 15 afios.
El objetivo principal de la campafia es
enfatizar que, en la actualidad, ningdn
hogar es inmune a las drogas y el ojo
cuidadoso de un padre puede evitar que sus
hijos caigan en la trampa de las drogas.
En los pr6ximos meses, varios anuncios
de televisi6n, radio y prensa de la Cruz
Blanca alertarAn a padres y adolescentes
sobre lo facil que es obtener drogas-y lo
dificil que es dejar de usarlas una vez que se
ha empezado. Los mensajes antidrogas
discretos y sugestivos del pasado serin
reemplazados por otros, mis crudos y
directos, que presentan las drogas como el
mayor problema de la sociedad y exhortan
a las familias a tomar una posici6n mas
firme y vigilante.
Los mensajes graficos con leyendas
apropiadas estan disefiados para estremecer
la sensibilidad del espectador y hacerlos
sentir en sus hogares la tragedia que el uso
de drogas puede producir tanto en el adicto
como en sus familiares, amigos y la
sociedad en general.
Los mensajes fueron producidos con
asistencia econ6mica de la Agencia Inter-
nacional para el Desarrollo de los Estados

y awllipS del Canal de P b

Viernes 2 de julio de 1993

SNuevo dep6sito preserve equipos
Nuevo dep6sito preserva equipos

Nuevo almacen Foto por Susan K. Stabler
Alfinal de lajornada, un montacarga es regresado al nuevo almacen de la Divisi6n
Industrial donde la maquinaria serd protegida del clima y recibird el mantenimiento
preventivo necesario antes de retornar al trabajo el dia siguiente.

La estructura mas reciente en la Divisi6n
Industrial en Mount Hope tiene el tamafio
de una cuadra y ofrece 18,000 pies cfibicos
de espacio cubierto para el almacenamiento
y mantenimiento de equipo rodante y sus
La nueva estructura de almacenamiento
y mantenimiento fue construida por Kunkel
and Wiese Inc. a un costo aproximado de
$660,000 para proporcionar un Area centra-
lizada para equipo rodante. El Jefe de la
Divisi6n Collin Corrigan dice, "se ha
consolidado el almacenamiento de equipo
de planta y la capacidad de mantenimiento".
Como caballos que regresan al establo, el
equipo rodante sera llevado a los cobertizos
al final de cada turno. Montacargas, grias,
compresores y equipo portitil de soldar y
maquinas limpiadoras de chorro de arena
seran parte del desfile diario.
"Esto hace que el equipo este mis
accesible para mantenimiento preventivo

Enfermera compite en torneo de belleza

Por Myrna A. Iglesias
Jilma Lewis de Ortiz, enfermera de salud
ocupacional en el lado Atlantico, lleva una
vida doble. De dia, en su uniforme de
enfermera, se preocupa por la salud y
seguridad de los empleados de las Esclusas
de Gatfin. Despu6s del trabajo, compite
como fmalista en el concurso "Bella y
Sefiora" patrocinado por una televisora

El concurso realza las cualidades especia-
les que la mujer panamefia tiene que poseer
como profesional, esposa y madre. Y hace
6nfasis en que, a pesar de sus muchas
ocupaciones, la mujer puede mantenerse
hermosa y en buenas condiciones fisicas.
Ortiz, que entr6 al concurso motivada
por sus compafieros de trabajo, dice que es
un asunto de familia pues la familia entera
participa y se involucra. "Siento gran

satisfacci6n de ver a mi esposa participar en
este concurso", dice su esposo, el capitan de
remolcadores del Canal Luis Ortiz. Sus
hijos Luis, de 11 afios, y Josimar, de 5,
tambi6n estan muy entusiasmados.
Competir en "Bella y Sefiora" no ha sido
facil para Ortiz. Desde su casa en Col6n ha
tenido que viajar frecuentemente a la ciudad
de Panama para participar en sesiones de
ejercicios y modelaje y en practices de la
coreografia del espectaculo. "Muchas veces
regreso casi a medianoche y mi esposo tiene
que supervisar todo en la casa", dice.
Ortiz tambi6n sigue una dieta estricta y
un programa diario de ejercicios para
alcanzar lo que ella considera seran sus
condiciones fisicas 6ptimas para el concurso.
La enfermera agradece el apoyo recibido
de parte de la enfermera supervisora de
salud ocupacional Karen Coffey y sus
compafieros de trabajo. Admite que siempre
sofi6 ganar este tipo de concurso y que estar
entre las fmalistas ha sido un gran reto.
Junto con las otras doce finalistas, Ortiz
tendra que esperar hasta la final del
concurso, el sAbado 10 de julio, para ver si
es escogida la ganadora de este afio. Sin
embargo, ya sea que gane o pierda, dice: "El
concurso me ha dado mis confianza en mi
misma, ha significado alcanzar una meta y
conocer nuevas amistades".

antes de su uso diario", explica Robert
Rankin, coordinador de proyectos especia-
les, agregando que el cobertizo tanrbien
protege al equipo de las inclemencias del
Algunas caracteristicas especiales del
cobertizo incluyen una grda situada en la
estaci6n de lubricaci6n y un montacargas
con capacidad para 1,000 libras. Tambi6n
hay seis cubiculos para reparaciones y un
cubiculo especial de 1,400 pies cuadrados
para reparaci6n de grfas.
El sistema de drenaje del local, conse-
cuente con la conservaci6n del medio
ambiente, puede separar el agua del aceite
de manera que s6lo el agua se drene al
oc6ano. Rankin dice, "es el inico sistema de
este tipo que conozco localmente".

Eventos locales

Reuni6n Audubon
La Sociedad Audubon se reunira el 8 de
julio a las 7:30 p.m. en la sede del Parque
Natural Metropolitano. El Dr. Alberto
Broce hablara sobre "Insecticidas: Benefi-
cios y Peligros para el Medio Ambiente".

Concierto clasico
La Asociaci6n Nacional de Conciertos
anuncia su cuarto concierto de la tempora-
da, a realizarse el 5 de julio a las 8 p.m. en
ATLAPA. El quinteto de instrumentos de
viento Soni Ventorum interpretard compo-
siciones de Mozart, Ibert, Reicha, Barthe y
Nielsen. Los boletos, de $20 y $5 para
estudiantes, pueden comprarse en la Libre-
ria Argosy, la tienda de mdsica Allegro o la
Asociaci6n (25-4951).

Ballet Hispanico
La Embajada de los Estados Unidos,
AT&T y Refineria Panama auspiciarari la
presentaci6n del Ballet Hispanico de Nueva
York en el Teatro Anayansi del Centro de
Convenciones ATLAPA el martes 13 de
julio a las 8 p.m. Los boletos pueden
obtenerse de 9 a.m. a 4 p.m. en la USIS,
ubicada en el segundo piso del Edificio
Miramar en Avenida Balboa y Calle 39.
Tambi6n pueden comprarse en la Libreria
Argosy. El precio para estudiantes es $5, y
los precios regulares son $15 y $20.

"Bella y Seiiora" Foto por Susan K. Stabler
Jilma de Ortiz, enfermera de Salud Ocupacional, examina al aparejador aprendiz de
las Esclusas de Gattin Miguel Angel Berroa. Ortiz participa en un concurso de belleza
que realza los diversos papeles que desempeifa la mujer casada panamefia.

Lista de Vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los formularios de solicitud deben
presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, a mis
tardar siete dias despu6s de publicado este aviso.
Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un Puesto Designado para Prueba al Azar por Drogas
(TDP) tendran que someterse a una prueba de urindlisis para descartar el uso ilegal de drogas antes del nombramiento o
del cambio de posici6n permanente. No se exigirA el urinalisis a los empleados que ocupen un puesto sujeto a prueba por
drogas y anteriormente se hayan sometido a dicha prueba.
Para ciertas posiciones en series de un grado de intervalo, en donde no hay posiciones en la linea normal de promoci6n,
los empleados en servicio podrdn calificar con al menos un alfo de experiencia especializada en uno o dos grados
inferiores al de la posici6n.
Los solicitantes podrAn repasar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA (Edificio 38, Balboa). Aquellos que, por raz6n de su experiencia, posean las pericias y habilidades
necesarias para ejercer el puesto exitosamente seran calificados en base a requisitos modificados. Esto no se aplica si se
trata de un ascenso.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y maximas de pago por hora correspondientes a los grados de
las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para llenar una vacante serAn colocados en el escal6n, grado y
tarifa bAsica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Ilamando al 52-3583.
Salario Si- can-
Puestos permanentes bsico Unidad tio tes
Ingeniero mecanico, NM-7/11 2 (Debe saber nadar
y tener licencia de conducir.) .................. $10.89/$20.94 Dragado P 2
Capataz techero, MS-92 (Debe saber ingl6s y
espafiol, y tener licencia de conducir.) .......... $11.48/$13.41 Mantenimiento P 1
I S61o se considerarA a empleados de la Comisi6n.
2 La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante llena los requisitos especiales debe adjuntarse a la solicitud o incluirse
en el expediente oficial de personal; de lo contrario, no se considerara al solicitante para la vacante.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd as un empleador que so ajusta a la Ley sobre Igualdad de

Escuela de Aprendices ofrece adiestramiento
Los siguientes paquetes de adiestramiento se ofrecen en el Centro T6cnico de Multimedios de la Escuela de
Aprendices en el Edificio 2-A. La duraci6n de cada curso se detalla al lado del mismo. Los empleados de la Comisi6n
del Canal de PanamA interesados deben llenar el Formulario 2827, dejando en blanco el espacio para la fecha, y
mandarlo al Ramo de Adiestramiento Industrial. Para mis informaci6n, llame a Reinel Sisnett o Ariadna Izquierdo

al 52-4190.
Motores de CA ................ dos dias
Controladores de Motores de CA dos dias
Controladores de Velocidad de CA dos dias
Cojinetes ....................... dos dias
Adiestramiento en Reparaci6n de
Bomba Centrifuga ............ tres dias
Motores de CD................ dos dias
Controladores de Motores de CD dos dias
Fundamentos de Circuitos Digitales dos dias
Engranajes y Sistemas de Engranajes un dia
Programa de Mantenimiento de la
Gould 584 ................... tres dias
Energia HidrAulica (curso bAsico) un dia
Componentes de Energia Hidraulica cuatro dias
Sistemas de Energia HidrAulica y Re-
paraci6n de Desperfectos ....... tres dias
HidrAulica Industrial ............. dos dias

Introducci6n al Control Industrial tres dias
Neumatica Industrial............. dos dias
Introducci6n a los Controladores
Programables ................. cuatro dias
Introducci6n a la Servi-Rob6tica... dos dias
Lubricaci6n ................ .... un dia
Lectura de Impresi6n MecAnica (Des-
trezas de Mantenimiento) ....... dos dias
Introducci6n a las Microprocesadoras tres dias
Sistemas de Transmisi6n de Energia
por Correa de Mando .......... un dia
Sistemas de Transmisi6n de Energia
por Cadena de Mando......... un dia
Sellos (Mantenimiento Mecanico) un dia
Servomotores ................... dos dias
Dispositivos para Unir y Acoplar Ejes un dia

Dictan serie de seminarios industriales
El Ramo de Adiestramiento Industrial ofrecerA los seminarios que se indican a continuaci6n, para mejorar las
destrezas del personal de artesanos de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Todas las sesiones seran de 7 a.m. a 3:30
p.m. en la Escuela de Aprendices (Edificio 2-A del Area Industrial de Balboa), con excepci6n de "Soldadura de Casco
de Aluminio", que sera presentado en la Divisi6n Industrial de Mount Hope. Las nominaciones deben presentarse
por intermedio de los gerentes de adiestramiento del programa en el formulario 2827.
Electr6nica BAsica de Estado S61ido (para empleados de la Divisi6n de Electricidad) .... 10 al 29 de julio**
Soldadura de Casco de Aluminio (para empleados de la Divisi6n Industrial) ...............6 al 8 de julio
C6digos El6ctricos (para empleados de la Divisi6n de Electricidad) ..................... 7 al 22 de julio*
Normas y Convenciones (para empleados de las Esclusas de Gatin) ............. 8 julio 24 septiembre**
Soldadura de Casco de Aluminio (para empleados de la Divisi6n Industrial) ............. 20 al 22 de julio
Familiarizaci6n Tec 1 (para empleados de la Divisi6n de Transporte Motorizado) ............ 20 de julio
Preparaci6n Bisica de Superficie ...............................................20 al 21 dejulio
"Port Fuel Injection" (para empleados de la Divisi6n de Dragado y Transporte Motorizado) ... 21 al 28 de julio
PFI (Inyecci6n Directa de Combustible) .......................................... 21 al 28 de julio
Protecci6n Cat6dica ....................................................... 22 al 23 de julio
C6digos E16ctricos (para empleados de la Divisi6n de Electricidad) ...........28 de julio al 12 de agosto*
Protecci6n Cat6dica. .......................................................... 29 al 30 de julio
Bombas ............................................................ 29 dejulio al 5 agosto
*Todos los mi6rcoles y jueves.
**Todos los jueves.

D4rrini 9

Viemes 2 de iulio de 1993

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Reservistas disfrutan amistad y

aprendizaje en servicio activo

Por Susan Harp
Para quienes han servido en el ej6rcito de
los Estados Unidos alguna vez, unirse a la
reserva norteamericana en Panama puede
traer muchas recompensas-tanto persona-
les como financieras-tal como algunos
empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama han descubierto.
"Yo disfrut6 mis afios de servicio militar
activo, y el programa de reserva me dio la
oportunidad de continuar esa experiencia y
la camaraderia que la acompafia", dice el
Oficial de Asuntos del Tratado John T.
Bowman, quien ha escalado al rango de
coronel durante sus 26 afios en la reserva.
Bowman, quien presta servicios como
subcomandante del Regimiento 2790 de la
Reserva del Ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos

Los reservistas pueden

solicitar asignaciones de

servicio activo que inclu-

yen prdcticas en otros


(Unidad de Adiestramiento de Refuerzo),
agrega que tambi6n estan los beneficios
econ6micos-incluyendo el pago por pe-
riodos de trabajo activo y una pensi6n por
Para calificar para la jubilaci6n, los
reservistas deben acumular por lo menos 50
puntos anuales participando en reuniones,
entrenamientos o tomando cursos de
desarrollo profesional por correspondencia.
Con 20 afios de cr6ditos, incluyendo el
tiempo prestado en servicio militar activo,
califican para recibir beneficios al legar a
los 60 afios. Los beneficios incluyen una
mensualidad, cobertura m6dica y privilegios
para viajar y comprar.
Los beneficios durante su periodo en la
reserva incluyen privilegios limitados para
compras, y para los reservistas de la
armada, un salario por servicio durante los
entrenamientos mensuales. Para muchos,
no obstante, la experiencia por si sola es un
importante beneficio.
David J. Dear, capitan del remolcador de
la Comisi6n Schley y asistente de contra-
maestre en la reserva de la armada, disfruta
todas las practices. "Practico mis conoci-
mientos con la reserva para mantenerme al

dia con mi tripulaci6n en el remolcador",
Los reservistas de la armada entrenan
con marinos en servicio activo en la
Estaci6n Naval de Rodman y son asignados
a varias unidades segin sus conocimientos.
Se reinen durante el afio, dedicando dos
dias al mes a entrenamientos, mientras que ,
los reservistas del ej6rcito asisten a clases de
adiestramiento una vez por semana y de
septiembre a mayo. Todos los afios, los
miembros de ambos grupos pueden solicitar
dos o mis semanas de servicio activo que
los pueden llevar a ejercicios de campo en
otros paises.
"Yo fui a Venezuela con la Unidad
Especial de Lanchas 26 desde Panama para
un ejercicio de adiestramiento conjunto con
la armada venezolana", dice Elvir R. Mac
Millan, quien creci6 en Venezuela por el
trabajo de su padre. "Estaban impresiona-
dos de que yo conociera el pais, y nos
Ilevaron a todas partes". Mac Millan,
ingeniero marino de la Divisi6n de Servicios
al Canal, ha estado en la reserva de la
armada casi tres afios y dice que el
adiestramiento adicional le ayuda a mejorar
sus conocimientos del mar y avanzar en su
Otros reservistas han ido mas alli de los
ejercicios de adiestramiento. El guardia de
seguridad de la Comisi6n Luis E. Bianchini
se uni6 a la reserva del Ej6rcito en 1976 y se
ofreci6 como voluntario para ir a Arabia
Saudita durante el conflicto del Golfo
P6rsico. "Caliente, 113 grados, con arena
por todos lados y ningin arbol alrededor",
es como 61 describe Arabia Saudita,
agregando que el pais es muy conservador,
y no permiten ni licor ni cines.
Bianchini trabaj6 un mes en un puerto en
Damin, distribuyendo los equipos masivos
que Ilegaban en barcos. Luego lo transfirie-
ron a trabajos de oficina, organizando la
distribuci6n de comida y provisiones para
las tropas. "Yo enviaba equipos a la
frontera kuwaiti, pero no habia enfrenta-
mientos entonces. La misi6n fue una buena
experiencia, y conoci gente de todas partes
del mundo", dice.
Debido a la reducci6n de fuerzas
norteamericanas en todo el mundo, la
armada no esta reclutando reservistas
locales. Sin embargo, el ej&rcito esta
aceptando solicitudes para la unidad local
de personas con servicio militar previo o un
compromiso actual con la reserva. Para
mis informaci6n sobre la reserva del
ej6rcito, lamar al T. Cnel. Stan Constantini
al 87-3313.

Adiestrando Foto por Armando De Gracia
El artillero de la Armada de los Estados Unidos Ronald B. Carpenter, izquierda,
enseiia al ingeniero de remolcadores de la Comisidn del Canal Elvir R. Mac Millan a
usar una ametralladora de 25 milimetros a bordo de un bote patrullero Sea Spectre
Mark IV. Mac Millan, reservista de la armada, trabaj6 con miembros de una unidad
especial de lanchas durante una misidn de servicio activo. Tambidn viajaron a
Venezuela a entrenar a miembros de la armada venezolana sobre mantenimiento de
naves y tecnicas de patrullaje costero.

Katherine Gaillard escribe cronicas del Canal

Parte 9: Las Criaturas Salvajes

Ya terminado su
jarc Katherine Gca-
S lard esposa del cons-
tructor del Canal
David du Bose Gai-
llard, observe el re-
torno de las criaturas de la jungla al
poblado de Culebra. Aquinos habla de eso
y de c6mo su esposo persuadi6 a algunas
para que regresaran.
Para mi, el jardin s6lo estaria terminado
cuando las pequefias criaturas salvajes, que
desaparecieron con la jungla, regresaran.
Pronto regresaron y el lugar cobr6 vida.
Las imponentes lagartijas verdes y amari-
has, de un pie o mis de largo, saltaban de
arbusto en arbusto con sus delgadas colas
levantadas. Los sapos gordos y moteados
eran perezosos y saltaban con menos
energia. Para mi regocijo, hasta una iguana
vino desde la jungla real y vivi6 por un
tiempo en el bambfi, hasta que, me temo,
fue puesta por el jardinero en un sabroso
sancocho. Tambi6n habia muchas maripo-
sas brillantes y hasta pequefios grupos de
lechuzas que cantaban al atardecer. Otros
pajaros construyeron sus nidos hasta en los

potes colocados cerca de la puerta. Habian
diferentes clases de pijaros incluyendo
garrapateros, tiranos y tordos, picaflores y
gorriones y, los mis bellos de todos, los
tangaras, de un profundo color azul.
El Cnel. Gaillard los persuadi6 a
regresar, pues siempre dejaba algo para
ellos al alimentar a Tonto, el mono. Dejaba
los restos dos veces al dia, bajo las palmas
reales y las poincianas-pero no con mucha
frecuencia, pues no queria "convertirlos en
Llegaban al banquete por docenas, pero
las diferentes clases no comian a la vez. Al
comienzo habia feroces peleas hasta que un
orden, en proporci6n a la bravura en
batalla, fue firmemente establecido. Cuando
se iban los iltimos, los gordos y perezosos
sapos brincaban y se agrupaban alrededor
de los trozos restantes.
El desayuno para los pajaros se servia
cada mafiana a las 8:30, excepto los
domingos. Esas mafianas, las aves-se
reunian a la hora de siempre en las copas de
los arboles para regafiar como pequefias
furias a los negligentes y durmientes
humanos responsables del retraso que no
comprendian y resentian profundamente.
Continuard. ..

Nueva fresadora

Tom Tai, operador de herramientas de
maquinaria, y Radislav Stankovic,
capataz de maquinistas, ajustan la
fresadora Gantry de la Divisi6n
Industrial antes de trabajar la barra
selladora delfondo de una vdlvula de
vdstago ascendente. Lafresadora,
operada por primera vez recientemente,
estd cumpliendo y sobrepasando todas
las expectativas. El equipo ahorra a la
Comisi6n casi $6,000 por cada vdlvula,
cantidad que se espera aumentar cuando
el trabajo en las vdlvulas se haga en una
linea de ensamblaje.

Foto por Susan K. Stabler

Pigina 3

Spillway del Canal de Panama

Viernes 2 de julio de 1993

Defensa del Canal fue vital

durante guerr

Este afio, la celebraci6n de la Indepen-
dencia de Estados Unidos por organizacio-
nes y ciudadanos de ese pais en Panamd
rinde honor alpapel del Canal de Panamd
durante la II Guerra Mundial. A partir de
diciembre de 1991, Estados Unidos con-
memora el 50o aniversario de su entrada a
fla Segunda Guerra Mundial, el 7 de
diciembre de 1941, y lo continuard haciendo
hasta el 14 de agosto de 1995, cuando se
conmemora el 50o aniversario delfinal de la
guerra. El siguiente artiulo es el primero de
cuatro sobre cdmo la guerra afectd las
operaciones del Canal de Panamd y a la
gente que vivia cerca y trabajaba ahi. Fue
una gpoca de inminente peligro, durante la
cual el transporte de materiales, tropas y
provisiones a travis de la via acudticajugd
un papel importante en el esfuerzo belico.

Por Susan Harp
Si bien no se libraron batallas en el Canal
de Panama durante la Segunda Guerra
Mundial, el conflicto afect6 dramitica-
mente las operaciones de la via acuatica y
las vidas de sus empleados.

La capacidad de defensa del Canal habia
sido planificada desde su construcci6n. Se
destinaron tropas a Panama y se instal6
artilleria pesada durante la Primera Guerra
Mundial, la llamada "guerra que acabaria
con todas las guerras". Por consiguiente, ya
se habian hecho preparativos cuando. lo
impensable volvi6 a ocurir.

Cuando Alemania invadi6 Polonia en
1939, el ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos
reforz6 sus guarniciones en el extranjero.
Una orden presidencial del 5 de septiembre
de 1939 transfiri6 la autoridad yjurisdicci6n
final sobre la operaci6n del Canal y la Zona
del Canal al comandante general del
Departamento del Canal de Panama del
Ej6rcito. Como los militares consideraban
esencial la defensa de la via para la
movilizaci6n de su flota naval, aumentaron
el nfimero de tropas en el istmo de 13,451 en
1939 a 28,000 para fines de 1940.
Parajulio de 1941, Estados Unidos supo

a mundial

que Jap6n avanzaria hacia Indochina y
Tailandia. Los japoneses ordenaron a su
flota mercante abandonar el Atlantico,
dando a Estados Unidos una raz6n para
sospechar un inminente ataque sorpresa-
pero d6nde?

Estados Unidos tambi6n movi6 su linea
de defensa hipot6tica, marcada desdee
Alaska a trav6s de Hawaii hasta Panami,
mis al oeste para incluir las Filipinas.

En el Canal, el ej6rcito desempolv6 los
cafiones. Estas enormes armas, colocadas
cerca de ambas entradas del Canal, fueron
rodeadas de estructuras de concreto macizo
llamadas baterias, donde se guardaban
municiones, equipo y provisiones. Las 11
baterias en el Atlantico y 12 en el Pacifico
guardaban cafiones que iban de 6 a 16
pulgadas de diametro. Los cafiones de 16
pulgadas en Fuerte Kobbe tenian un
alcance de mas de 25 milas.

Casi todas las baterias fueron selladas
mis tarde o cubiertas por la jungla, pero
algunas permanecen de recuerdo. Una
puede verse en la isla de Naos, en la
Calzada, y otra esta en el perimetro del
Lago Gatfn, cerca del Muelle del Faro
cruzando las Esclusas de Gatfn.

Aunque bien ubicadas, los cafiones s6lo
eran efectivos contra objetivos en la
superficie. Como pronto demostraria Pearl
Harbor, los portaaviones en alta mar
podian atacar por aire a cientos de millas
fuera del alcance de los cafiones. Ain asi,
por ser las mejores armas disponibles para
fuego de precisi6n contra objetivos en la
superficie, fueron utilizadas durante casi
toda la guerra.

Varios eventos que Ilevaron a la guerra
hicieron crecer las tensiones en Panama. En
septiembre de 1941, los alemanes hundieron
el vapor de bandera panamefia Sessa. S6lo
hubo tres sobrevivientes, rescatados luego
de 19 dias en un bote salvavidas. Panama
protest6 retirando a su c6nsul en Alemania.
Al mes siguiente, dependientes del ej6rcito
norteamericano en Panama fueron evacua-
dos a los Estados Unidos. Para noviembre
de 1941, 31,400 tropas estadounidenses
esperaban en el istmo para ver que ocurriria

Competencia de nataci6n
Luego de un reciente encuentro de natacidn para adultos en la piscina de Balboa, los
participantes posan con los trofeos y certificados junto al Jefe del Ramo para el
Acondicionamiento Fisico del Empleado Josd Jadn, al centro, y el Supervisor
Especialista de Deportes Acudticos Julio Sinclair, alfrente. Un evento similar se
realize en lapiscina de Gatin para celebrar el Mes Nacional del Acondicionamiento
Fisico y los Deportes.

Listas actividades para 4 de Julio
Estados Unidos celebrara sus 207 afios de independehcia el domingo 4 de julio
con una serie de celebraciones en las bases militares en ambos lados del istmo. El
tema de este afio conmemora el 500 aniversario de la II Guerra Mundial
resaltando el apoyo del Canal de Panama al comercio mundial durante la guerra.
La comunidad del Pacifico celebrara en Fuerte Clayton. En el Atlantico se han
programado dos dias de actividades en varios sitios. El pfblico en general esta
invitado a la celebraci6n. Para entrar a las bases se debera mostrar identificaci6n y
prueba de seguro de autom6vil.
Para mas informaci6n, Ilame al 87-4225 en el..Pacifico y al 89-5181 en el

Actividades en el Pacifico en Fuerte Clayton el s6bado 3 de julio

8:30 a.m.
9 a.m.
11 a.m.

1 5 p.m.
6:30 p.m.
7:30 p.m.
8 p.m.

Ventas de comidas y bebidas
Juegos de feria
Competencia deportiva
Premiaci6n del desfile
Banda de rock
Concierto de banda del ejercito
Fuegos artificiales
Baile abierto con "Disco America"

Avenida Hawkins
Gimnasio Reeder
Campo Jarman
Avenida Hawkins

Actividades en la comunidad Atlantica el s6bado 3 de julio

6:00 a.m.
7:00 a.m.
8:00 a.m.
10:00 a.m.
2:00 p.m.

3:00 p.m.
4:00 p.m.

10:30 a.m.
11 p.m.
6 p.m.

Torneo de pesca
Carrera de 10 km
Venta de artesanias
Torneo masculino de bola suave
Presentaci6n de magia
Juegos de antafio
Danza folkl6ricas panamefias
Competencia de baile
Desfile de modas
Danzas folkl6ricas panamefias
Fuegos artificiales
Baile juvenil
Banda musical local

Centro Marino de Espinar
Gimnasio Fronius de Davis
Gimnasio Fronius
Campo de Davis
Fuerte Davis
Gimansio Fronius
Campo juvenil de Davis
Gimnasio Fronius
Gimnasio Fronius
Club comunal de Davis
Gimnasio Fronius
Gimnasio Fronius
Parque comunal de Davis
Centro Rec. Sundial
Club comunal de Davis

Actividades en el Atl6ntico el domingo 4 de julio
Brunch dominical Club comunal de Davis
Torneo de voleibol Playa Shimmey
Presentaci6n de buceo Playa Shimmey
Fiesta familiar en la piscina Piscina Fuerte Espinar


Administrator. Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd
Directora de Relaciones Piblicas


Fortificac6n vieja oo pr Susan Harp FRANKLIN D. CASTRELLON JANET G. LEN-RIOS
rtfi n ieja oto pr Susan Harp Director Asociado Directora Asociada
A pesar de la maleza, los visitantes a la Isla Naos en la calzada de Amador amn Editora Encargada
pueden ver la entrada a la bateria usada para guardar los grandes cafones que El Spillway del Canal de PanamA es una publicaci6n oicial quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Los ariculos que en ella aparecen
custodiaban la entrada del Canal de Panamd en el Pacifico durante la Segunda pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n, inicamente acreditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe scr entregada antes del mediodia
deljueves anterior a la semana de su publicaci6n, o antes del mediodia del midrcoles si hay algun dia feriado durante la semana de publicaci6n.
Guerra Mundial. La antigua estructura del ejrcito estadounidense disfruta ahora de Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo regular, $4 por corrco regular para estudiantes y $19 por correo aereo. Envie
un tranquilo descanso. cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n, lame al 52-3202 o escriba a la Oficina de
Relaciones Pliblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa, Panama.

Paeina 4

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