Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: April 8, 1993
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00219
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Administrator gives quarterly

report to Board of Directors

The Panama Canal Commission Board
of Directors met yesterday at the Adminis-
tration Building in Balboa Heights.
Administrator Gilberto Guardia F. re-
ported on Panama Canal traffic and tolls
revenues; locks projects, includingthe Gatun
miter gate overhaul and a firefighting sys-
tem for Pedro Miguel; and the long-term
Gaillard Cut widening program. He noted
that successful Commission exhibits were
presented this year at Panama's
EXPOCOMER commercial fair, the inter-
national Fair in David and the Seatrade
International Cruise Conference and Exhi-
bition in Miami. Guardia also informed the
board that the Canal organization held a
series of briefings for members of Panama's

presidential commission tasked with plan-
ning for the transfer of the waterway to
In addition, the board received a briefing
on Commission marketing and public rela-
tionsprograms andheard reports from Com-
mission Secretary Michael Rhode Jr. and
Chief Financial Officer Norbert E. Kraegel.
Also making reports were the board
committees for personnel and security, op-
erations and budget and finance. On Tues-
day, members of the operations committee
traveled to the Atlantic side to observe
various Commission improvement projects
and a proposed container terminal site on
Telfers Island that isbeing considered by the
government of Panama.

Overhaul completed early Ph9tobyiifsan K. Stabler
Acting mechanical general foreman Marcelino Gordon and daytime shift manager Jorge
Vasquez examine the apexrubberon the sill of the middle level in the west chamberat Gatun
Locks, just priorto the end of this year's overhaul which was completed last week, onefull day
ahead of schedule.

April 19 deadline for license plates

April 19 is the official deadline for plac-
ing 1993 license plates on privately owned
vehicles. Pacific-side residents of the Panama
Canal area should obtain the plates at the
Diablo License Plate Section on the ground
floor of Building 5051 between 8 and 11:45
a.m. or 1 and 3:45 p.m. weekdays. Canal
area residents on the Atlantic side should
get them at the Colon Municipal Building.
March 31 was the last day for privately
owned vehicleinspections. Inspection stick-
ers and registration documents are available
from six to eight weeks after the inspection,
but no later than May 31.

Those who had their vehicles inspected
at the Motor Transportation Division facil-
ity in Ancon should get these documents at
the Diablo Drivers License Section on the
second floor of Building 5051, while those
who had the inspection at other Pacific-side
facilities should obtain the documents at the
National Directorate of Land Transporta-
tion Office (DNTT) behind the Paitilla Air-
port. On the Atlantic side, the documents
should be obtained between 8 a.m. and noon
or 1 and 3:30 p.m. weekdays at the DNTT
office to the rear of the former cold storage
plant in Mount Hope.

Branch offices move temporarily to trailer sites

Fire station transfer Photos by Susan K. Stabler
In the photo at right, Charles Perret left, chief of the Colon Fire Department, presents H.
Wallace Teal, assistant Panama Canal Commission fire chieffor the Northern District, with
a plaque acknowledging the many years their two firefighting units have worked together. The
presentation was made Friday duringthe ceremony to transferthe Commission's Mount Hope
fire station to the Panama Fire Department. Before leaving the Mount Hope station,
Commission firefighters held a party for the needy families residing nearby. Known as the
"Mount Hope Olympics," the event featured a number of competitive and entertaining
activities. In the photo at left, Sgt.Aurelio Morgan andfirefighter VicenteArchbold cheeron
participants in the bowling competition.

The Launch/Linehandling Branch's op-
erations section is temporarily working out
of four trailers at Las Cruces Landing, while
the branch timekeeping office is now lo-
cated in a fifth trailer at the Canal Services
Division complex in Diablo. The new tele-
phone numbers for the operations section
main office are 52-8731 and 52-8728; the
new numbers for the timekeeping office are
52-4918, 52-7064 and 52-1640.
Only launch crews are still reporting to

work at their duty station in Balboa, but the
other branch employees will return there
after a project to remodel Building 43-A is
completed. H.I. Homa is performing this
work under contractwith the PanamaCanal
In the meantime, the temporary duty
stations have been fully equipped. Three of
the trailers at Las Cruces Landing provide
showers, locker rooms and restrooms for
line handlers working out of the area.

Line handler, boatswain uniforms

take on new nautical look at Canal

Last month, the Canal Services Division
issued new uniforms to approximately 820
line handlers and more than 100 boatswains,
creating a brand new look on the Panama

About 500 Southern District and .320
Northern District line handlers traded in
their khakis for nautical colors -- dark blue
trousers and light blue shirts -- to comple-
ment their work boarding and handling lines
on ships transiting the Canal. RJ. Bjorneby,
superintendent of the Launch/Linehandling
Branch, explains that no color beats blue in
creating a maritime look.
Boatswains, or line handler leaders, who
formerly wore dark green pants and light
green shirts, were also issued nautical blue
trousers. In keeping with their status as

supervisors, however, they received crisp
white shirts to round out their new image.
Approximately56 line handler leaders work
in the Southern District and 47 in the North-
ern District.
Although some have expressed concern
that the white shirts will get dirty easily, R.
"Lucky" Dunlap, Northern District chief, is
optimistic about them. "We hope the boat-
swains' new look enhances their image of
themselves. We want them to see them-
selves as supervisors who direct, rather than
do, thework." "The new uniforms," Dunlap
adds, "are purely for the benefit of the
employees -- to lift morale and enhance self
seems to agree. "All the marine guys use
blue," he says. "I like it."

New uniforms Photo by Susan K. Stabler
Wearing brand new uniforms issued by the Canal Services Division, five line handlers and a
boatswain leave a launch at Gatun Landingaftercompletingajob on a transiting vessel. Line
handlers are now wearing dark blue trousers and light blue shirts, while the boatswains are
decking out in dark blue pants and white shirts.


Vol. XXXI, No. 7 Thursday, April 8, 1993

i I

..- -


The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, April 8, 1993

Telephone messages

provide information on

wide variety of topics
Recorded information on a variety of topics including
alcohol and drugabuse, the acquired immune deficiency syndrome,
stress management, suicide and nutrition is now being provided
through the U.S. Army South's Alcohol and Drug Abuse Preven-
tion and Control Program.
The system operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and can
be accessedbycallerswith touch-tone telephones. To hearthe two-
to four-minute messages, dial 87-4701. When the recording asks
you to touch four digits to indicate the desired subject, precede
your selection from List One with a "1" if you want to hear the
message in English or a "2" for Spanish. For example, to hear the
first message, "Good Reasons for Saying No," in Spanish, you
would press 2300. Selections from List Two should be preceded
with a "3" for English and a "4" for Spanish. In otherwords, to hear
the English message titled "Depression," press 3300.
Panama Canal Commission employeeswho would like further
information or help with personal or family situations may call the
Employee Assistance Branch at 52-7885.

List One
"Say No" information
300 Good Reasons for Saying No
312 Saying No is the Adult Thing to Do
314 The Three Steps to Saying No
315 Ways for a Young Adult to Say No
316 When it is Hard to Say No
Drug information for kids
303 Alcohol
304 Cocaine and Crack
305 Depressants
306 Hallucinogens
307 Inhalants
308 Marijuana
309 PCP
310 Stimulants
311 Tobacco
General drug information
200 Crack
201 Facts about Cocaine
202 Your Money or Your Life: Cocaine Takes Both-
400 Are There Medical Uses for Marijuana?
401 Is Marijuana Harmful for my Body?
402 Marijuana: Fact and Fiction
403 Marijuana: Effects
404-Marijuana: The High That Lasts Longerthan You Think
405 Marijuana: Often-Asked Questions
600 Anabolic Steroids
601 Barbiturates and Other Downers
603 What are Designer Drugs?
605 LSD and Other Hallucinogens
606 Narcotics and Opiates
607- PCP: It Really is that Bad
608 Pregnancy: Drugs and Your Baby
609 Speed Still Kills
610 Valium, Librium and Sleeping Pills
611 Anabolic Steroids and Teens
612 MDMA: A Drug Called "Ecstasy"
800 Cigarettes, Pipes and Snuff: It's all the Same
801 Clove Cigarettes
802 Effects of Cigarette Smoke on Non-Smokers
803 How to Stop Smoking
804 Why Should I Quit Smoking?
805 Are You Ready to Quit Smoking?
Alcohol information
001 Alcohol and Drugs Don't Mix
002 Alcohol and Health
005 Alcoholism: A Family Disease
006 Drinking and Driving: The Deadly Combination
007 Drinking While Pregnant
008 The Responsible Party Giver

List Two
General drug information
602 Can I Spot a Drug User?
603- Am I Hooked?
604 Drug Abuse Information for Parents Only
609 Is there a Chemical Problem in our House?
610 What to do if Your Child has a Drug Problem
611 What to do When Someone has a Drug Problem
612 Self-Help Options
000 AIDS and Sexuality
001 Am I at High Risk for AIDS?
003 What are the Symptoms of AIDS?
006 AIDS Information for Teens
General health issues
107- Finding Time for Fitness
300 Depression
301 Depression in Children and Adolescents
302 Effects of Anxiety
304 Helping Someone Who is Depressed
305 Stress Management for Adults
306 Relaxation Techniques
307 Understanding Stress in Adolescents
308 Understanding Stress in Children
309 Stress: What Is It?
311 Suicide: Facts and Myths
312 Suicide: Helping Those Left Behind
313 Teenage Suicide
315 Exercise: A Stress-Control Tool
317 Your Mind as a Stress Manager
318 Eating for Less Stress
319 Stress Management for Young People

Local divers enjoy exploring sunken French train in Gatun Lake

By Susan K. Stabler
Under about 45 feet of water -- outside the Canal
channel at Penas Blancas Reach -- sits a steam locomotive
hooked up to dozens of carts, or rock wagons, all resting
perfectly upright on railroad tracks on the floor of Gatun
When the French abandoned their efforts to build a
canal through Panama, they also abandoned thousands of
dollars in equipment, leavingbehind everythingfrom cranes
to shovels. Some things, like the train near Penas Blancas
Reach, sit exactly as theywere when Gatun Lake was filled.
Christensen Dredge MasterBobby Fearon, a scuba diver
who has explored the Penas Blancas train many times, says,
'To find it, you line up the stern of your boat with buoy 28
and point the bow north toward the survey marker. Then,
swim west about 50 yards and dive there."
"The first time you see the biglocomotive," Fearon adds,
"it's an awesome sight." Even under the best conditions, he
explains, lake visibility is never crystal clear. You usually
don't see the locomotive until you're practically face to face
with it. Then, what gradually unfolds before your eyes is an
entire train -- a huge steam locomotive hooked to car after
car after car.
Of the French canal construction effort, historian David
McCullough wrote, "The official end came on February 4,
1889." That was when the first French canal company --
Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interoceanique -- went
out of business. A second French company evolved about
five years later, but few took it seriously. In 1904, its rights
and property were sold to the United States.
French equipment actually contributed to the U.S. con-
struction effort. The November 7, 1909, issue of the Canal
Record noted, "In one of the old diversion channels just
north of Bohio, two cranes have been found that will be
taken out and sent to Gatun where theywillbe utilized in the
work on the locks."
The same issue of the Canal Record also stated that at
Bohio and at Pena Blanca, "laborers were paid nine cents
a car for each Decauville car of 18 cubic feet capacity that
they loaded and dumped." This is perhaps a reference to the
same cars that are hooked to the steam locomotive explored
by Fearon and other Panama Canal Commission employ-
ees, including budget execution supervisor Mark Saunders,
Office of Public Affairs clerk-stenographer Carmen Ortiz,
and locks coordinator Mike Drennan.
The February9,1910, Canal Record stated, "Thirteen of
the locomotives left by the French arein useononstruction
work as stationary boilers to furnish steam to various
equipment. These engines arc in addition to tIluc uaNd as
locomotives on the construction work."
Fearon has also discovered other large pieces of equip-
ment on the lake's floor, such as a dredge in 80 to 90 feet of
water in the Chagres River bed off DeLesseps Island. He's

also located French cranes and other bits of French equip-
Local divers urge those who would search for the sub-
merged French relics to exercise caution. "It's a good idea
to leave someone on board the boat in case it should drag
its anchor and drift into the Canal channel," suggests
CurunduJunior HighSchoollibrarianAnita Seifert. "When
diving, don't kick up the silt on the lake floor or you will
destroy your visibility."
Some who dive on the French equipment, like Seifert,
Fearon and Saunders, return again and again, never tiring
of the exploration. Others, like Drennan, admit the last dive
they made was over 20 years ago. Ortiz has been once, but
plans to go again.
For visibility, according to Fearon, the best time of the
year to dive in the lake is the end of dry season after there
have been a few good rains. Another recommended period
is during the change from rainy season to dry, but before the
winds pick up. Seifert said visibility is always better in the
Both Fearon and Seifert claim that if you're under water
diving on the French equipment when a ship passes by in the
channel, the muffled sound of the vessel's propulsion pro-
duces an eerie sensation. According to Fearon, "You'd
swear it was the chug-chug-chug of a train beginning to
rumble on down the track."

One-way traffic schedule changes
along Pan-American Highway

The schedulefor one-waytrattictlowtrom Arraian
into Panama City has changed since the last issue of
the Panama Canal Spillway was published. The new
periods are from 6 to 6:30 a.m. and 7:15 to7:45 a.m.

Katherine Gaillard writes of Canal construction days

Part 3: Settling in Upon arriving at Culebra,
Katherine Gaillard, wife of
Panama Canal builder David
du Bose Gaillard, quickly
learned that everything in her
Snew environment revolved
around the digging of the Ca-
nal. With a few last words
about "thesearchitecturalcuri-
osities," as she describes the
houses, she begins to tell about
life on the Isthmus and herfirst decision in adaptingto hernew
home and lifestyle -- to ignore what she couldn't change and
do her best with what she could.
The main affair there was, of course, the building of the
Canal, and although women were allowed as "stabilizers" of
the force, I soon realized that no foolish "frills" were to be
added on their account. It had been under the aegis of those
high and inexorable gods, Sanitation and Economy, early
enthroned on the Isthmus, that these architectural curiosi-
ties had been evolved. Square houses, all more or less alike,
are capable of quantity production, quartermaster gray
paint preserves the wood, requires no skilled labor in
application, and anyone, even a blind man, can mix it. The
high foundations gave ventilation, the screens kept out the
mosquitoes, there were no gutters in which they could
breed, and with the jungle gone they had lost their sheltering
It was John F. Stevens who removed the headquarters of
the Isthmian Canal Commission from Panama to Culebra.

The jungle was then cleared away. There was a legend that
one palm had been left near his house, but the noise made
by the branches scraping against the screening had proved
so disturbing to his nerves that it had been removed. The
cutting possibly need not have been quite so drastic, later on
it was not, but the mosquitoes had to go.
We were allowed to take no chances with these mosqui-
toes, and, if we saw one, wewere told to call the Zone Police
so that the Sanitary Department might be notified at once.
During those early years, everyone before breakfast was
served with a morning cocktail of rum and quinine, tinted an
adorable pink but tasting... we always drowned our sorrow
in the nearest grapefruit as soon as possible!
We on the Isthmus had faith in Colonel Gorgas and his
methods, but with outsiders the fear of the mosquitoes
seemed to vary inversely with the distance. At a dinner party
in Washington, 3,000 miles away, a congressman once
sneeringly told me that "those Panama mosquitoes had cost
the government one dollar apiece." But on the Isthmus
another congressman, down on a visit, came to me with
white face and in a shaking voice asked me what he could do,
for a mosquito had bitten him!
As the hopelessly unpromising aspect of the outside of
the house and its surroundings were entirely due to condi-
tions over which I had no control, I simply ignored them for
the time and turned with relief to the arrangement of the
interior, which with a few changes was entirely delightful
and where, with good help, we were soon comfortably
To be continued...

Page 2

Thursday, April 8, 1993

The Panama Canal Spillway

"Misconception" nabs third Cayuco Race title

For the third year in a row, Misconcep-
tion won the annual Ocean-to-Ocean Cayuco
Race for Explorers. Spontaneous Combus-
tion captured first place among the coed
boats in the 40th annual race, with GE2
setting a new record in the female category.
Ultimate Most and Slave Galley tied for first
place in the patch-boat category, with La
Raza coming in third. (See table at right for
other winners.)
Misconception stayed out front in all but
the first leg, which was won by Tsunami.
Utmost, despite missing one of its paddlers
because of a disqualification, made a strong:
second-place showing. With sunny days and
,relatively calm waters creating good racing
conditions, the GE2 shattered record times,
in the female category in four out of the five
legs and finished tenth overall.
Thirty-three cayucos participated this,
year, 22 registered with Explorer Post 21 in
the Balboa area. Three were from Post 10
in Gamboa, five from Ship 9 on the Atlantic
side, one from Post 1 in Albrook and two
from the Rovers (the Panamanian Explor-
ers). Among the trophy boats, there were 14
in the all-male category, six in the coed
category and seven in the female category.
There were also six patch boats.
One of the patch boats, the Lone Star,

was manned by a crew that flew down from
Bellville, Texas. They heard about the race
through John Richardsen, a Bellville resi-
dent who spent part of his childhood in
Panama. His son, Monte, was one of the six
rotating crew members for the boat, newly
built by Norman Watkins, superintendent of
the Panama Canal Commission Towboat
"My father went to high school down
here and my great-great grandfather worked
on the Canal," said Monte. He and his five
partners, Mathew Massey, Cameron Stein,
David Wallace, Patrick Wallace and Philip
Ivey, first laid eyes on their cayuco only five
days before the race and quickly discovered
that there's an art to balancing four people
in a dugout canoe. "We learned how to
unswamp really well because we kept tip-
ping over," Wallace noted.
With the three-day race over for this
year, the cayucos are being put back into
storage and the kids are turning their atten-
tion to other interests. But somewhere in
the back of their minds, next year's race is
starting to take shape. When asked if he
would be ready to defend the title next year,
Misconception captain Lee Gibson replied,
"I'11 have to see how I feel ... I haven't won
all five stretches of the race yet."

Cooperation of all members vital

to success of local health plan

The following article highlights and sum-
marizes some of the important points pub-
lished in the Group nsuranceBoard (Panama
CanalArea) Newsletter for March 5, 1993.

Enrollment in the Panama Canal Area
Benefit Plan establishes a contract between
the Pan American Life Insurance Company
and the insured person or persons.

Member obligations
The insured member and any covered
dependents are responsible for reading, being
familiar with and meeting the requirements
listed in the plan brochure. Four general
guidelines must be followed to avoid a re-
duction in benefits: 1) the patient or doctor
must check with PALIC before a non-emer-
gency admission to the hospital, 2) second
opinions are required for non-emergency
surgical procedures, 3) certain surgical pro-
cedures must be performed in an outpatient
setting and 4) designated non-routine diag-
nostic procedures require prior approval.
Those with questions concerning their obli-
gations or benefits under the plan should
call PALIC at 63-8711 or 52-7272.

Payment procedures
Those covered under the plan usually
make payments for medical services directly
to the doctor, clinic or hospital concerned
and then file a claim with PALIC for reim-
bursement. To assist members in obtaining
care without large out-of-pocket expenses,
the Group Insurance Board has authorized
certain approved doctors, clinics and hospi-
tals to collect payments directlyfrom PALIC.
The individuals and institutions receiving
this credit are required to adhere to the
highest medical ethics and to cooperate fully
with PALIC by complying with cost-control

Fraud prevention efforts
All suspicious claims are examined to
determine if they are valid. Should sufficient
evidence of fraudulent activity be gathered
against a plan member, he or she will be
expelled from the plan. The Group Insur-
ance Board is working to improve benefits,
lower premiums and protect the plan from
fraud, waste and abuse. The support of all
members is needed for this effort to suc-

Third time at the top Photo by Armando De Gracia
From left, "Misconception" crew members Lee Gibson, John Williford, Billy Wing and Tyler
Quinn standproudlywith theirtrophies afterwinningthe 40th annual Ocean-to-Ocean Cayuco
Race for Explorers. This was the third straight victory for the boat.

Cayuco Race winners

Trophy category Boat Place Time

Male Misconception First 05:29:03
Utmost Second 05:37:03
Due Process Third 05:40:29

Coed Spontaneous Combustion First 06:07:28
The Most Second 06:07:44
Sudden Impact Third 06:18:55

Female GE2 First 06:08:48
High Anxiety Second 06:29:14
Dear Dick Third 06:33:07

Security training course Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Sgt. Rocky Presley of the U.S. Army Military Police School at Fort McClellan, Ala., discusses
physical security techniques with personnel from the Canal Protection Division, Army, Air
Force, Navy and Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute during a training course at the
Panama Canal Commission Training Center. Approximately 55 trainees attended the eight-
day course, which emphasized inter-agency relations. Deputy Commission General Services
Director Charles Morris and Command Provost Marshal Col. John H. Mumma made the
closing remarks and handed out diplomas at the end of the course.

Historical gathering
Aboard the cruise ship "Seaboum Pride" in Miraflores Locks, David McCullough, right,
author of "The Path Between the Seas," the best-selling book about the construction of the
Panama Canal, poses with Sarah Gannett, granddaughter of U.S. President Theodore
Roosevelt, and Gaspar Pacheco, grandnephew of Dr. Manuel Amador Guerrero, the first
president of the Republic of Panama. Gannett models a headband worn by sailors aboard
the USS "Louisiana," the ship that brought President Roosevelt to the Isthmus for his 1906
Canal inspection. Pacheco displays a smallshovelengraved with "Make the Dirt Fly, "another
memento of President Roosevelt's visit that Gannett, who lives in Vermont, brought alongfor
her first transit of the Canal.

* ** ... Construction-day notes......... ...
The December 4, 1912, Canal Record reported that an unprecedented number of
tourists was expected to visit the k hmus during the upcoming dry season. In addition to
the regular shipping-line service between Panama's port cities and New York and New
Orleans, at least 30 special steamers were expected to arrive between January 1 and April
15,1913. Some of these were chartered by business groups or social organizations, and most
were steamship lines temporarily diverted to cruise service. Other lines without regular
service to Panama brought tourists from Southampton, England, and Mediterranean ports.

Page 3

The Panama Canal Spillway

Thursday, April 8, 1993

-. Explanation of Commission rotation policy provided

Looking ahead Photo by Anna Marie Monson
Capt. Henry Ceely, the agent for the Panama Canal Pilots Branch, meets with
midshipmen from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy during their visit to the
Isthmus for spring break. They discussed the outlook for their future with regard to
the status of the shipping industry, world trade and the Panama Canal. From left are
Michael Fennell, Harland Crouch, Ceely and Michael Monson. The midshipmen are
the sons of Panama Canal Commission employees John Fennell, Walter Crouch and
William Monson, respectively.

The following information on the Pa-
nama Canal Commission rotation policy
was submitted by the Office of Personnel

U.S. citizens and non-Panamanians hired
after September 30, 1979, are subject to
rotation under the terms of the Panama
Canal Treaty and related agreements.
Employees who have dual U.S.-Panama-
nian citizenship are treated as U.S. citizens
for rotation and all other employment
purposes. Under current policy, those under
rotation may work for the Panama Canal
Commission for a maximum of three years.
An exemption or an extension beyond this
period may be granted by the adminis-
trator, but only for a sound administrative
All permanent and temporary service
after September 30, 1979, counts cumula-
tively toward completion of the rotation
period. Citizens of the United States and
countries other than Panama who transfer
to the Commission from other federal
agencies are subject to rotation, with the

rotation date based on their date of transfer
to the Commission.
Employees hired as Panamanians after
September 30, 1979, who subsequently
become U.S. citizens are subject to rotation.
When U.S. citizenship is acquired through
naturalization, the rotation date is based on
the naturalization date; when citizenship is
proven from birth, the rotation date is
based on theoriginal appointment date.
Employees who are subject to rotation
are required to sign-as a condition of
employment-a rotation agreement ac-
knowledging that they are subject to the
Commission rotation policy and that their
employment period is limited to a period of
not more than three years. Those subject to
rotation are summarily terminated from
service upon completion of the required
rotation period. Such termination is not
considered an adverse action.
During their last year of employment
under the rotation, eligible U.S. citizeri
employees are provided assistance, upon
request, for placement in federal agencies in
the United States.

What's happening

OWC spring bazaar
The Pacific Officers' and Civilians' Wives'
Club invites the public to its annual spring
bazaar from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday,
May 1, at the Fort Amador Officers' Club.
For additional information, call Alice Byrne
(82-3330) or Rhonda Farris (87-4149).

CPR courses
The Gatun Youth center will offer two
courses in cardiopulmonary resuscitation
for Panama Canal Commission employees
and dependents. The first will be held from
4 to 7 p.m. on Wednesday and Thursday,
April 14 and 15. The second is scheduled
for the same hours on Wednesday and
Thursday, April 28 and 29. To register or
for more information, call Albano H.
Aguilar at 43-5353 between 1 and 8:45 p.m.
on Tuesday through Friday or between
10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Saturday.

SIndustrial Training Branch

Law Day run
In commemoration of Law Day, a ten-
kilometer "run for justice" will be held
Saturday, May 1, beginning at 7 a.m. from
the Fort Amador Officers' Club patio. The
fee, which includes a T-shirt, is $8 for those
who register in advance and $10 for those
signing up on the day of the race. For
further information, contact Clea Efthimiadis
at 52-7511.

First aid course
Gatun Youth Center will offer a first aid
course for Panama Canal Commission
employees and dependents from 4 to 8 p.m.
on Wednesday and Thursday, May 12 and
13. To sign up or to obtain additional
information, call Albano H. Aguilar at 43-
5353 between 1 and 8:45 p.m. Tuesday
through Friday or between 10 a.m. and
4 p.m. on Saturday.

The Industrial Training Branch will offer the courses listed below to upgrade the sl
craft personnel. All sessions will meet from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. in the Apprentice Sc
industrial area). "Paint Application," "Basic Corrosion" and "Coating Inspectio
Branch employees. Nominations should be submitted through training program m
Paint Application ...............................................
Programmable Controllers .....................................
Basic Corrosion ...............................................
Pumps ................. .................. ...................
Elementary Rigging ............................................
Coating Inspection .............................................
Elementary Welding Inspection .................................
Several changes have been made to the schedule of training courses published in th
Spillway. The "Surface Preparation" class will not be offered this month. "Pumps
and for May 14 and 21 (rather than April 16 through 23 and May 14 through 21

Position Vacancy Li
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status. Application forms must N
Placement Branch (Building 366, Ancon) on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no
of this publication.
Persons selected for appointment to a permanent position and persons selected for
will be subject to urinalysis to screen for illegal drug use prior to appointment or I
already serving in a TDP will not be subject to urinalysis prior to a permanent positi
For certain positions in one-grade interval series where there is no position in the r
employees may qualify with at least one year of specialized experience at the next-
the position.
Qualifications standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal Commission Techr
Balboa). For actions other than a promotion, modified qualifications will be use
backgrounds included closely related experience that provides the skills necessary fo
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades
selected will be placed in the appropriate grade, step and wage base in accordance w
Further information may be obtained from the Employment and Placement Brane

Permanent positions salaries
Administrative services officer, NM-9' (Knowledge
of employee relations required. Knowledge of
Spanish desirable.) .......................... $13.32/$17.31
Quality assurance specialist, NM-9/111 (Electrical or
mechanical knowledge is required to inspect and
test equipment. Driver's license and swimming
ability also required.) (Bilingual) ............... $13.32/$20.94
Electrician, MG-102 (Swimming ability and driver's
license required.) ............................ $12.90/$15.05
Custodial worker, MG-22 (Shift work)............. $4.60/$4.76
I Documentation that applicant meets special requirements must be filed in Offic
the application; otherwise, applicant will not be considered for the vacancy.
2 Only PCC employees will be considered.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opport

The Gamboa Playshelter will hold a two-
mile walk at 4:30 p.m. on Thursday,
April 15. Sponsored by the Employee
Fitness Branch, it is open to Panama Canal
Commission employees and dependents
over 18 years old. For more information,
call Francisco Iberico at 56-6274.

Scholarship golf tourney
The American Society of Panama will
hold its second annual Scholarship Fund
Golf Tournament at 7:30 a.m. Saturday,
April 17, at Fort Amador golf course. The
event is sponsored by Continental Airlines,
Bacardi Rum and Panama Beer.
The entry fee is $25 per player and covers
green fees, lunch, drinks, awards, door
prizes and souvenirs. Entry forms are
available at the Fort Amador, Horoko,
Panama and Brazos Brook golf clubs.

class schedule Orchestra concert, support
The National Symphonic Orchestra will
kills of Panama Canal Commission
chool (Building 2-A of the Balboa present a concert commemorating the 100th
n" are open only to Warehousing anniversary of the death of Petr Ilich
managers on Form 2827. Tchaikovsky at 8 p.m. Wednesday, April 28,
........ April 14 through 16
......... June 7 through 11 in the Anayansi Theater of ATLAPA
......... June 7 through 11 Convention Center. The event is being
............ June and 18 sponsored by the National Institute of
.......... .. June 15
........ June 21 through 25 Culture and Continental Airlines, with the
.................. June 24 collaboration of the Patronato Pro-Orquesta
he last edition of the Panama Canal Sinf6nica Nacional (a non-profit, private
" is scheduled for April 16 and 23
as announced), organization supporting the orchestra).
Tickets are available from the organization,
St at the Argosy Bookstore and at the Paitilla
and Via Espafia Gran Morrison stores.
be submitted to the Employment and The National Symphonic Orchestra is
later than seven days from the date
currently directed by Efrain Guigui Abbo,
testing-designated positions (TDPs) who was born in Chitre; studied with the
permanent position change. Persons
ion change. Buenos Aires Conservatory, Boston Uni-
normal line of promotion, in-service versity and Leopoldo Stokowsky; and has
lower level or second-lower level of
received the Ditson Conductor's Award
nical Resources Center (Building 38, (equivalent to a Pulitzer Prize) from the
ed to qualify applicants when their
r successful performance. University of Columbia. The orchestra
of positions advertised. Employees originally had 50 musicians, expanding to
ith regulations.
ch (telephone 52-3583). 62 at its height. During Panama's economic
So- c.- crisis, however, membership began to
Unit tion ci" decline, reaching only 20 by early 1992.
The Patronato Pro-Orquesta Sinf6nica
Dredging P 1 Nacional was formed last year to reactivate
the orchestra. There are now 36 musicians,
but the desired minimum number is 65.
Logistical P 1 Among the objectives of the organization is
the hiring of foreign musicians to play with
al Sericsal 1 the orchestra during presentations and to
teach Panamanians to play certain instruments.
cial Personnel Folder or attached to For information on this month's concert
or to find out how to support the efforts of
unity employer, the organization, call 69-7963 or 69-7964.

Billiards tourney
Gatun Youth Center will hold a Me-
morial Day billiards tournament for pre-
teens and teens on Monday, May 31. For
more information, call Albano H. Aguilar
at 43-5353 between 1 and 8:45 p.m.

Sportsman's anniversary
The American Pacific Sportsman's As-
sociation will celebrate its 25th anniversary
April 17. Current and former members are
invited to the festivities, which begin at
noon at the club building. For more
information, call President Art Mokray or
Vice President Robert Webb at 52-5613.

Jamaica dive, club meeting
The Balboa Dive Club is organizing a
trip to Negril, Jamaica, for May 12
through 16. The cost of $510 for divers and
$410 for non-divers covers round-trip
airfare, hotel transfers and accommodations,
service and tax, breakfast, lunch and six
boat dives (including tanks and weights).
The deadline for signing up is April 16.
S Those desiring more information on the
trip may call 61-5231 or attend the next club
meeting, which is scheduled for 7:30 p.m.
Wednesday, April 14, at the Panama Canal
Training Center. Upcoming trips to Isla
Iguana and Bonaire will also be discussed at
the meeting, and guest speaker John Babbs
will talk on equipment maintenance.

Gatun power outage
There will be a power outage in the
Gatun townsite on Saturday, April 17,
beginning at 7 a.m. and continuing for
about eight hours. According to the
Panama Canal Commission power dis-
patcher, the outage is necessary to
allow for maintenance at the Gatun
electrical substation.

Administrator. Panama Canal Commission
Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs
Associate Director
Associate Director
The Panama Canal Spillway is an official biweekly publication of
the Panama Canal Commission. Articles may be reprinted without
further permission by crediting the source. All material should be
submitted by 1:45 a.m. Thursday of the week before publication or
by I 1:45 a.m. Wednesday if there is a holiday during the week of
publication. Subscriptions for 52 issues are 56 by regular mail, $4 by
regular mail for students and $19 by airmail. Checks or money
orders should be payable to the Panama Canal Commission. Call
52-3202 for further information or write the Office of Public Affairs.
Panama Canal Commission. Unit 2300, APO AA 34011-2300 or
Balboa Heights, Panama.

PaPe 4


- ---- -


Guardia presenta informe

trimestral a Junta Directiva

La Junta Directiva de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama se reuni6 ayei en el Edificio
de Administraci6n, en Altos de Balboa.
El Administrador Gilberto Guardia F.
present6 un informe sobre trifico por el
Canal eingresos por peajes; proyectos en las
esclusas, incluyendo la rehabilitaci6n de
compuertas en Gatun y el nuevo sistema
contra incendios en Pedro Miguel, y el
ensanche a largo plazo del Corte Gaillard.
Guardia comunic6 que exposiciones exitosas
de la Comisi6n se presentaron este afio en la
feria comercial de EXPOCOMER en
Panama, la Feria internacional en David y la
Exposici6n Internacional Seatrade de
Cruceros en Miami. Tambi6n inform6 a la
directiva que la agencia del Canalha ofrecido
charlas a los miembros de la comisi6n

presidencial panameiia que planifica la
transferencia de la via acuatica a Panama.
La directiva tambi6n escuch6 una
presentaci6n sobre los programas de
mercadeo y relaciones pfblicas de la
Comisi6n, y recibi6 informes del Secretario
de la Comisi6n Michael Rhode Jr .y el Jefe
de Finanzas Norbert E. Kraegel.
Tambi6n presentaron informes los
comit6s de personal y seguridad, de
operaciones y de presupuesto y finanzas de
la Junta Directiva. El martes, los miembros
del comit6 de operaciones viajaron al lado
Atlintico para observar varios proyectos de
mejoras de la Comisi6n y el sitio propuesto
para unaterminal de contenedores en la Isla
Telfers que esta siendo considerado por el
gobierno de Panami.

Termina temprano reacondicionamiento Foto por Susan K Stabler
El capataz general mecdnico interino, Marcelino Gordon, y el coordinadordel tumo diumo,
Jorge Vdsquez, examinan el caucho apex en el umbral del nivel medio de la cdmara oeste de
las Esclusas de Gatun, poco antes de finalizar el reacondicionamiento de este aio,
completado la semana pasada un dia antes de lo programado.

Vence plazo para placas este mes

El 19 de abril vence oficialmente el plazo
de las placas en vehiculos particulares. Los
residentes del sector Pacifico del area del
Canal deben obtenerlas en la Secci6n de
Placas de Diablo, planta baja del Edificio
5051, de 8 a 11:45 a.m. o de I a 3:45 p.m. los
dias de semana. Los residentes del sector
Atlintico deben buscarlas en el Edificio
Municipal de Col6n.
El 31 de marzo venci6 el plazo del
revisado vehicular. Las calcomanfas y
documentos de registro estarin disponibles
de seis a ocho semanas despu6s de la
inspecci6n, pero no despu6s del 31de mayo.

Transfieren estaciwn de bomberos Fotos por Susan K Stabler
En lafotoderecha, eljefe del Cuerpode Bomberos deCol6n, CharlesPerre4 izquierda, entrega
unaplaca a H. Wallace Teal, subjefe de la Division de Bomberos de la Comisi6n del Canal
enelDistritoNorte,porlargosaniosdetrabajoconjuntoentreamboscuerpos. Elactose realize
en la transferencia de la estaci6n de Mount Hope al Cuerpo de Bomberos de Panamd, el
viemes. Antes de salir de Mount Hope, los bomberos del Canal ofrecieron una fiesta a las
familias necesitadas cercanas. Llamada "Las Olimptadas de Mount Hope", se realizaron
competencias y actividades recreativas. En la foto izquierda, el Sgto. Aurelio Morgan y el
bombero Vicente Archibold animan la competencia de bolos.

Quienes revisaron sus vehiculos en la
Divisi6n de Transporte Motorizado de
Anc6n deben retirar estos documentos en la
Secci6n de Licencias de Diablo, segundo
piso del Edificio 5051, y los que lo hicieron
en otros sitios del sector Pacifico deben
retirarlos en la Direcci6n Nacional de
Transporte Terrestre (DNTT), detris del
aeropuerto dePaitilla. En elsectorAtlantico,
los documentos deben retirarse de 8 a.m. a
mediodia o de 1 a 3:30 p.m., los dias de
semana, en la oficina del DNTT atras del
antiguo frigorifico de Mount Hope.

Oficinas operan temporalmente en remolques
La seci6n de operaciones del Ramo de S6lo las tripulaciones de lancha ain
LanchasyPasacablestrabaja temporalmente reportan atrabajar enBalboa, pero los otr

en cuatro remolques en el Muelle de Las empleados del ramo volveria alli despu

Cruces, mientras que la oficina decontrol de
tiempo del ramo ahora estA ubicada en un
quintoremolqueen elcomplejo delaDivisi6n
de Servicios del Canal en Diablo. Los
nuevos tel6fonos de la oficina principal de la
secci6n de operaciones son 52-8731 y 52-
8728, y los de la oficina de control de tiempo
son 52-4918, 52-7064 y 52-1640.


que se complete la remodelaci6n del Edificio
43-A. H.I. Homa realiza la obra.
Mientras tanto, las estaciones de trabajo
temporales han sido equipadas completa-
mente. Tres remolques del Muelle de Las
Cruces tienen regaderas, cuartos de armarios
yservicios sanitarios para los pasacables que
trabajan desde ahf.

Uniformes de pasacables adornan

el Canal con los colores nauticos

El mes pasado, unos 820 pasacables y
mas de 100 contramaestres de la Divisi6n de
Servicios del Canal recibieron uniformes
nuevos, creando una apariencia
completamente nueva en el Canal de
Cerca de 500 pasacables del Distrito Sur
y 320 del Distrito Norte cambiaron sus
uniformes caqui por colores nAuticos --
pantal6n azul oscuro y camisa celeste -- que
complementa su trabajo abordando y
manejando los cables en los barcos que
transitan el Canal. R.J. Bjorneby, super-
intendente del Ramo de Lanchas y
Pasacables, explica que no hay mejor color
que el azul para crear apariencia maritima.
Los contramaestres, o capataces de los
pasacables, que antes llevaban pantal6n
verde oscuro y camisa verde claro, tambien
recibieron pantalones azules. Pero por su

condici6n de supervisores recibieron camisas
de unblanco nitido para completar su nueva
imagen. Unos 56 lideres de pasacables
trabajan en el Distrito Sur y47 en el Distrito
Aunque algunos se estAn preocupando
de que las camisas blancas se ensucien
ficilmente, R. "Lucky" Dunlap, jefe del
Distrito Norte, esta optimista. "Esperamos
que el nuevo aspecto de los contramaestres
mejore su concepto de ellos mismos.
Queremos que se vean como supervisores
que dirigen, y no s6lo hacen, el trabajo".
"Los uniformes nuevos", afiade Dunlap,
"son totalmente para beneficiar a los
empleados -- para levantar la moral y
aumentar su autoestima".
El pasacable del Distrito Norte Gil
Salazar parece estar de acuerdo. "Toda la
gente del mar usaazul", dice. "Me agrada".

Nuevos uniformes Foto por Susan K. Stabler
Vistiendo los nuevos uniformes de la Divisi6n de Servicios del Canal, cinco pasacables y un
contramaestre bajan de una lancha en el Muelle de Gatfn luego de trabajara bordo de una
nave en trdnsito. Los pasacables visten ahora pantal6n azul oscuro y camisa celeste, y los
contramaestres pantal6n azul oscuro y camisa blanca.



Vol. XXXI, No 7 Jueves 8 de abril de 1993




Spillway del Canal de Panami

Jueves 8 de abril de 1993

Mensajes telef6nicos

dan informaci6n sobre

gran variedad de temas
Informaci6n grabada sobre varios temas incluyendo abuso
de alcohol y drogas, Sindrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida,
manejodel estrds, suicidio ynutrici6n-estA ofreciendoel Programa
de Prevenci6n y Controlde Abusode Alcoholy Drogas del Ejdrcito
Sur de los Estados Unidos.
El sistema opera 24 horas al dia, siete dias a la semana y puede
ser activado a travys de los teldfonos de botones. Para escuchar los
mensajes de dos a cuatro minutos, marque el 85-4701. Cuando la
grabaci6n le pida marcar cuatro digitos para indicar el tema
deseado, preceda su selecci6n de la Lista Uno con "1" si desea
escucharelmensajeen ingls 6 "2"para espafiol. Porejemplo, para
escuchar el primer mensaje, "Buenas Razones para Decir No", en
espafiol, marcarg 2300. Las selecciones de la Lista Dos deben ir
precedidas por un "3" para inglds y "4" para espaiol. En otras
palabras, para escucharel mensaje en ingles titulado"Depresi6n",
marcara 3300.
Los empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panami que
deseen mis informaci6n o asistencia con situaciones personales o
familiares pueden lamaral Ramo deAsistencia al Empleado al 52-
Lista Uno
Informaci6n para "Decir No"
300 Buenas Razones para Decir No
312 Decir Noes una Respuesta Adulta
314 Los Tres Pasos para Decir No
315 Maneras de Decir No para un Joven Adulto
316 Cuando es Dificil Decir No
Informnnaci6n para Niios Sobre Drogas
303 Alcohol
304 Cocaina y Crack
305- Depresivos
306 Alucin6genos
307 Inhalantes
308 Marihuana
309 PCP
310 Estimulantes
311 Tabaco
Informaci6n General Sobre Drogas
200 Crack
201 Verdades sobre la Cocaina
202 Su Dinero y Su Vida: La Cocaina Acaba con Ambos
400 LTiene la Marihuana Usos Medicinales?
401 Es la Marihuana Peligrosa para Mi Cuerpo?
402 Marihuana: Hechos y Ficci6n
403 Marihuana: Efectos
404 Marihuana: El Efecto que Dura Mas de lo que Piensan
405 Marihuana: Preguntas Frecuentes
600 Esteroides Anab61icos
601 Barbit6ricos y Otros Depresivos
603 iQu6 Son Drogas de Disefiadores?
605 LSD y Otros Alucin6genos
606 Estupefacientes y Narc6ticos
607 PCP: Si Es Tan Malo
608 Embarazo: Las Drogas y Su Bebd
609- La Velocidad A6n Mata
610 Valium, Librium y Somniferos
611 Los Esteroides Anab61icos y los Adolescentes
612 MDMA: Una Droga Llamada "Extasis"
800 Cigarrillos, Pipas e Inhaladores
801 Cigarrillos de Clavos de Olor
802 Efectos del Humo del Cigarrillo en los No Fumadores
803 Como Dejar de Fumar
804 iPor qud Dejar de Fumar?
805 -- iEsta Usted Listo para Dejar de Fumar?
Infonnaci6n Sobre Alcohol
001 El Alcohol y las Drogas No Ligan
002 El Alcohol y la Salud
005 Alcoholismo: Una Enfermedad Familiar
006 Tomar y Conducir: La Combinaci6n Mortal
007 Tomando Durante el Embarazo
008 El Anfitri6n Responsable
Lista Dos
Informaci6n General Sobre Drogas
602 LPuedo Distinguir a un Consumidor de Drogas?
603 !Soy un Adicto?
604 Informaci6n de Abuso de Drogas S61o para Padres
609 !Existe un Problema de Quimicos en Nuestro Hogar?
610 Que Hacer si su Hijo Tiene un Problema de Drogas
611 Que hacer CuandoAlguien Tiene un Problema de Drogas
612 Opciones para Ayudarse Usted Mismo
000 El SIDA y la Sexualidad
001 iEstoy Yo en Alto Riesgo ante el SIDA?
003 tCudles Son los Sintomas del SIDA?
006 Informaci6n para Adolescentes Sobre el SIDA
Temas de Salud en General
107'- Hallando Tiempo para la Salud
300 Depresi6n
301 Depresi6n en Nifios y Adolescentes
302 Efectos y Ansiedad
304 Ayudando a Alguien Deprimido
305 Manejo del Estrds para Adultos
306 T6cnicas de Relajamiento
307 Comprendiendo el Estr6s en los Adolescentes
308 Comprendiendo el Estrds en los Nifios
309 -Estres: LQud Significa?
311 Suicidio: Hechos y Mitos
312 Suicidio: Ayudando a los que Quedan Atr6s
313 Suicidio en los Adolescentes
315 Ejercicio: Herramienta para Manejar el Estres
317 Su Mente como Manejadora del Estrds
318 Comiendo para Evitar el Estrds
319 Manejo del Estrds en los J6venes

Buzos locales exploran tren frances hundido en Lago Gatun

Por Susan K. Stabler
Bajo casi 45 pies de agua -- fuera del cauce del Canal en
la Recta de PefiasBlancas--yace una locomotora enganchada
a docenas de carros, o vagones, todos reposando
perfectamenteen formavertical sobrelos rieles del ferrocarril
en el fondo del Lago Gatfn.
Cuando los franceses abandonaron sus esfuerzos por
construir un canal atravs dePanama, tambi6n abandonaron
miles de d6lares en equipo, dejando atrAs desde grinas hasta
excavadoras. Algunos equipos, como el tren de Pefias
Blancas, permanecen donde estaban cuando el Lago Gatin
se llen6.
El capitan de la draga Christensen, Bobby Fearon, es un
buzo que ha explorado el tren de Peiias Blancas muchas
veces. "Para encontrarlo", dice, "enfilas la popa del bote
conlaboya28 y laproahacia elnorte apuntando al marcador
de agrimensura. Luego nadas unas 50 yardas hacia el oeste
y buceas ahi".
"La primera vez que ves la gran locomotora", Fearon
agrega, "es una visi6n asombrosa". Ain en las mejores
condiciones, explica, lavisibilidad dellago nuncaes cristalina.
Uno no suele ver la locomotora hasta estar casi frente a ella.
Lo que luego aparece ante tus ojos es un tren entero -- una
inmensa locomotora de vapor enganchada a varios carros.
Segfn el historiador David McCullough, el esfuerzo
francs "termin6 oficialmente el 4 de febrero de 1889",
cuando quebr6 la primera compaiifa francesa del canal --
Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interoceanique. Una
segunda compaiia francesa surgi6 unos cinco aiios despu6s,
pero muy pocos la tomaron en serio. En 1904, sus derechos
y propiedades fueron vendidos a los Estados Unidos.
Elequipo francs seus6enlacontrucci6nestadounidense.
Seguin el "Canal Record" del 7 de noviembre de 1909: "En
uno de los viejos cauces, justo al norte de Bohfo, se
encontrarondosgrias que sern sacadasyenviadasaGat6n
para usar en la obra de esclusas".
La misma edici6n del "Canal Record" tambi6n inform6
que en Bohfo y Pefias Blancas, "a los trabajadores se les
pagaba nueve centavos por cada carro Decauville de 18 pies
cfbicos que cargaban y descargaban". Estos tal vez son de
la misma clase de carros que estan enganchados a la
locomotora explorada por Fearon y otros empleados de la
Comisi6n del Canal, como el supervisor de ejecuci6n de
presupuestos Mark Saunders, la esten6grafa Carmen Ortiz
y el coordinador de esclusas Mike Drennan.
La edici6n del "Canal Record" del 9 de febrero de 1910
seiial6 que "trece locomotoras francesas estan siendo usadas
en trabajos de construcci6n como calderas inm6viles para
dar vapor a varios equipos. Estas mAquinas son adicionales
a las usadas comolocomotoras en el trabajo de construcci6n".
Fearon tambi6n ha descubierto otras grandes piezas de
equipo en el fondo dellago, como una draga a 80 6 90 pies
de profundidad en el cauce del Rio Chagres, mas allA de la

Isla DeLesseps. Tambi6n ha encontrado grias francesas y
otros pedazos de equipo francs.
Losbuzosadviertena quienesintentenbuscarlasreliquias
francesas sumergidas a tener cuidado. "Una buena idea es
dejar a alguien a bordo delbote en caso de que la corriente
arrastre el ancla ylo lleve al cauce del Canal", sugiere Anita
Seifert, bibliotecaria de la escuela de Curundfi. "Cuando
buceen no muevan los sedimentos en el fondo del lago pues
quedaran sin visibilidad".
Seifert, Fearon, Saunders y otros que bucean cerca del
equipo francs, regresan unay otra vez, nunca cansados de
la exploraci6n. Otros, como Drennan, admiten haber
buceado ahi por 6ltima vez hace mis de 20 afios. Ortiz ha
estado alli una vez, pero piensa regresar.
Fearon afirma que la mejor epoca del aiio para bucear
con visibilidad es al final de la estaci6n seca, despu6s de las
primeras luvias fuertes. Otro periodo bueno es durante el
cambio de estaci6n lluviosa a seca, pero antes de que
empiecenlosvientos. La visibilidad, dice Seifert, siempre es
mejor en las manianas.
.Fearon ySeifert afirman que, albucear cerca del equipo
francs cuando pasa algun barco por el cauce, el confuso
sonido propulsor de la nave produce una sensaci6n extrafia.
"Unojuraria que es el chf-chf-chi de un tren comenzando
a rodar sobre los rieles alli abajo", dice Fearon.

Cambia horario de tr fico en una
via en Carretera Panamericana

El horario para el flujo detrbfico en una sola via de
Arraij6n a Panama ha cambiado desde que se pu-
blic6 el Spillway anterior. Los nuevos perfodos son
de 6 a 6:30 a.m. y de 7:15 a 7:45 a.m.

Katherine Gaillard escribe cr6nicas del Canal

Parte 3: Nuevo hogar

li. -~

Al llegar a Culebra, Kathe-
rine Gaillard, esposa del cons-
tructor del Canal de Panamd,
David du Bose Gaillard,
enseguida aprendi6 que todo
en su nuevo ambientegiraba en
tomo a la ercavaci6n canalera.
las "curiosidades arquitect6-
nicas", como ella describe las
casas, narra la vida en el istmo

y su primera decisi6n para adaptarse a la nueva casay estilo
de vida -- ignorar lo que no podia cambiary hacer lo mejor
posible con lo que sipodia.

Lo principal era, por supuesto, la construcci6n del Canal,
y a pesar de que las mujeres eran las "estabilizadoras" de la
fuerza laboral, pronto descubrique los "adornos" tontos no
iban a ser tolerados. Fue bajo la protecci6n de esos dioses
sagrados, Sanidad y Economfa, entronizados desde
temprano en el istmo, que surgieron estas curiosidades
arquitect6nicas. Casascuadradas igualespueden producirse
en serie, pintadas de gris comisariato para preservar la
madera, sin requerir mano de obra especializada para
pintarlas, ya que hasta un ciego podia mezcarla. Las bases
altas ventilaban, las mallas alejaban a los mosquitos, no
habian cunetas en las que se podian reproducir y, sin la selva,
habian perdido su refugio.
John F. Stevens mud6 las oficinas principales de la
Comisi6n del Canal Istmico a Culebra. La selva se elimin6

entonces. Decian que se habia dejado una palma cerca de
su casa, pero el ruido producido por las ramas al rozar
contralas telasmetilicas resultabatanperturbadorpara sus
nerviosquetuvo queser removida. Puede que la talano tuvo
que ser tan dristica, luego no lo fue, pero los mosquitos
tenian que irse.
No podiamos arriesgarnos con estos mosquitos y, si
vefamos uno, tenfamos que llamar a la Policia de la Zona
paraqueloreportara enseguida al Departamento deSanidad.
En los primeros afios, todo el mundo tomaba un coctel de
ron y quinina antes del desayuno, tefiido de un adorable
color rosado pero con un sabor ... que siempre ahogAbamos
las penas en la toronja mas cercana lo mAs rApido posible!
En el istmo teniamos fe en el coronel Gorgas y sus
m6todos, pero para los de afuera el miedo a los mosquitos
pareca variar con la distancia. En una fiesta en Washington
a 3,000 millas de distancia, un congresista me dijo
despectivamente: "Cada mosquito dePanama le ha costado
al gobierno un d6lar". Pero un congresista de visita en el
istmo vino hacia mi, pAlido y con voz temblorosa, para
preguntar qu6 podia hacer porque un mosquito lo habia
Ya que el irremediable aspecto pobre del exterior de la
casaysus alrededores era producido por condiciones que no
controlaba, simplemente lo ignor6 por el momento y me
dediqu6 a arreglar su interior, que qued6 muy encantador
con unos pocos cambios y donde, con buena ayuda, nos
instalamos enseguida comodamente.

Continuard ...

PAnina 2

1061 .---

s eveuJ 8 de abril de 1993

Spillway del Canal de Panama

"Misconception" gana tercera regata de cayucos

Por tercer afio consecutivo, el Miscon- compitiendo s61o por insignias de la carrera.
ception gan6 la Carrera Anual de Cayucos Uno de los botes de insignias, el Lone
de Oc6ano a Oc6ano para Exploradores. El Star, fue tripulado por un grupo que viaj6 de
Spontaneous Combustion tom6 el primer Bellville, Texas. Escucharonsobre la carrera
lugar entre los botes mixtos en la 40a. versi6n de John Richardsen, residente de Bellville
de la carrera anual, y el GE2 estableci6 un que vivi6 parte de su nifiez en PanamA. Su
nuevo record en la categoria femenina. El hijo Monte fue uno de los seis tripulantes
Ultimate Most y el Slave Galley empataron rotativos del bote, reci6n construido por
en primer lugar en la categoria de insignias, Norman Watkins, superintendente del
yLa Raza lleg6 en tercero. (Ver la tabla de Ramo de Remolcadores de la Comisi6n del
ganadores a la derecha). Canal.
ElMisconception estuvo ala cabeza todo "Mi padre estudi6 secundaria aquf y mi
el recorrido menos el primer tramo, que lo bisabuelo trabaj6 en el Canal", dijo Monte.
gan6 el Tsunami. El Utmost a pesar que Elysuscinco compaiieros, MathewMassey,
uno de sus remeros fue descalificado, hizo Cameron Stein, David Wallace, Patrick
una buena presentaci6n para el segundo Wallace y Philip Ivey, vieron su cayuco por
lugar. Con dias soleados y aguas primera vez s6lo cinco dias antes de la
relativamente calmadas para la carrera, el carrera y pronto descubrieron el arte de
GE2 rompi6 el record en la categoria balancear a cuatro personas en una canoa.
femenina en cuatro de los cinco tramos, "Aprendimos muy bien a volver a flote
terminando en d6cimo lugar en la porque lo pasamos volcindonos", sefial6
competencia-total. Wallace.
Treinta y tres cayucos participaron este Ya terminada la carrera de tres dias este
afio, 22 registrados con el Local 21 de los aiio, los cayucos se han guardado y los
Exploradores en el area de Balboa. Tres chicos han vuelto a interesarse en otras
eran del Local 10 en Gamboa, cinco del cosas. Pero, en algfn rinc6n de sus mentes,
Barco 9 en el sector Atlantico, uno del Local la carrera del pr6ximo afio ya esta tomando
1 en Albrook y dos de los Rovers forma. Al preguntarle si estard listo para
(Exploradores panameiios). Entre los botes defender el titulo el pr6ximo afio, el capitAn
compitiendo por trofeos, hubo 14 en la del Misconception, Lee Gibson, respondi6,
categoria masculina, seis en la mixta y siete "Tendr6 que ver c6mo me siento ... ain no
en la femenina. Tambi6n hubo seis botes he ganado los cinco tramos de la carrera".

Cooperaci6n de miembros es vital

para 6xito de plan local de salud

Este articulo resalta y resume algunos
puntos importantes publicados en el Boletin
de la Junta del Grupo de Seguros (Area del
Canal de Panamd) del 5 de marzo de 1993.

El inscribirse en el Plan deBeneficios del
Area del Canal de PanamA establece un
contrato entre la Compafifa Panamericana
de Seguros de Vida y la persona o personas

Obligaciones de los miembros
El asegurado y los dependientes cubiertos
deben leer, conocer y cumplir los requisitos
listados en el folleto del plan. Se deben
seguir cuatro pautas generales para evitar
una disminuci6n de los beneficios: 1) el
paciente o el doctor debe consultar con
PALIC antes de hospitalizaciones que no
sean de emergencia, 2) se requiere una
segunda opini6n para operaciones que no
sean de emergencia, 3) ciertos proce-
dimientos quirfirgicos deben hacerse sin
hospitalizaci6n y 4) los procedimientos de
diagn6stico no rutinarios requieren
autorizaci6n previa. Quienes tengan
preguntas sobre sus deberes o beneficios

con el plan deben llamar a PALIC al 63-8711
o 52-7272.
Procedimientos de pago
Los asegurados suelen pagar los servicios
m6dicos directamente al doctor, la clinica o
el hospital y luego hacen una solicitud de
reembolso a PALIC. Para ayudar a los
miembros a obtener cuidados sin tener que
pagar grandes cantidades en efectivo, la
Junta del Grupo de Seguros ha autorizado a
ciertos doctores, clinicas yhospitales a cobrar
sus honorarios directamente a PALIC. Los
individuos e instituciones que reciban este
cr6dito tendrin que incorporarse al nivel
ms alto de 6tica y cooperar totalmente con
PALIC cumpliendo con las medidas para
controlar costos.
Esfuerzos para prevenci6n de fraude
Se examinarAn todos los reclamos
sospechosos paradeterminar su validez. De
encontrarse suficiente evidencia o actividad
fraudulenta en un miembro del plan, serA
expulsado del mismo. La Junta del Grupo
de Seguros trabaja para mejorar sus
beneficios, bajar las primas y proteger el
plan contrafraude, derrochey abuso. Todos
los miembros deben apoyar este esfuerzo.

Triple ganadores Foto por Armando De Gracia
Desde la izquierda, los tripulantes del "Misconception "Lee Gibson, John Williford, Billy Wing
y Tyler Quinn exhiben sus trofeos alganarla 40a. version de la CarreraAnualde Cayucos de
Ociano a Ociano para Exploradores. Es la tercera victoria consecutiva delbote.

Ganadores de la Carrera de Cayucos

Categoria Trofeo Bote Lugar Tiempo

Masculino Misconception Primero 05:29:03
Utmost Segundo 05:37:03
Due Process Tercero 05:40:29

Mixto Spontaneous Combustion Primero 06:07:28
The Most Segundo 06:07:44
Sudden Impact Tercero 06:18:55

Femenino GE2 Primero 06:08:48
High Anxiety Segundo 06:29:14
Dear Dick Tercero 06:33:07

Adiestramiento de seguridad Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El Sgto. Rocky Presley de la Escuela de Policia Militar del Ejercito en Fuerte McClellan,
Alabama, hablasobre tecnicas de seguridadfisica apersonal de la Divisi6n de Protecci6n del
Canal el Ejercito, la Fuerza Agrea, la Armada y el Instituto Smithsonian durante un curso
en el Centro deAdiestramiento del Canalde Panamd. Unos 55participantes tomaron el curso
de ocho dias, que enfatiz6 en las relaciones inter-agenciales. El Subdirector de Servicios
Generales Charles Morrisy el Capitdn Preboste Col. John H. Mumma clausuraron el curso
y entregaron los diplomas.

Reunion histbrica
A bordo del cnicero "Seaboum Pride" en las Esclusas de Miraflores, David McCullough,
derecha, autor del libro sobre la construcci6n del Canal de Panamd, "El Paso Entre los
Mares", acompania a Sarah Gannett, nieta del Presidente Theodore Roosevelt, y Gaspar
Pacheco, sobrino nieto del Dr. Manuel Amador Guerrero, primer presidente de Panamd.
Gannett luce la banda usada por los marinos del "Louisiana", nave que trajo al Presidente
Roosevelt al istmo en 1906 para su visita al Canal. Pacheco muestra unapala grabada con
"Haz Volar la Tierra", otro recuerdo de la visita de Roosevelt que Gannet, residente de
Vermont, trajo para su primer trdnsito por el Canal.

S .... Recuerdos de la Construcci6n del Canal .....

El 4 de diciembre de 1912, el "Canal Record" inform6 que se esperaba el arribo de un
nfimero sin precedente de turistas para la estaci6n seca. AdemAs de las lineas navieras
regulares entre las ciudades portuarias de Panama, Nueva York y Nueva Orleans, se
esperaba el arribo de al menos 30 vapores especiales entre el lo. de enero y el 15 de abril
de 1913. Algunos eran rentados por grupos de negocios u organizaciones sociales, y la
mayoria eran vapores usados temporalmente como cruceros. Otras lineas que no venian
con regularidad a Panama trafan turistas desde Southampton, Inglaterra, y los puertos

Pagina 3

ju iul v mi u 7 -1 ---


Spillway del Canal de Panama

Jueves 8 de abril de 1993

- Explican politica de rotaci6n de la Comisi6n

Mirando hacia el futuro Foto por Anna Marie Monson
El Cap. Henry Ceely, agente del Ramo de Prdcticos del Canal de Panamd, se retine con
cadetes de la Academia de Marina Mercante de los Estados Unidos de vacaciones en el
istmo. El grupo discuti6 sus perspectivas futuras con respecto a la industria naviera, el
comercio mundial y el Canal de Panamd. Desde la izquierda aparecen Michael Fennell,
Harland Crouch, Ceely y Michael Monson. Los cadetes son hiios de los empleados de la
Comisi6n del Canal, John Fennell, Walter Crouch y William Monson, respectivamente.

Esta informaci6n sobre la politica de
rotaci6n de la Comisidn del Canal de
Panamd es ofrecida por la Oficina de
Administracidn de Personal.

Los ciudadanos estadounidenses y de
terceras nacionalidades contratados despu6s
del 30 de septiembre de 1979 estan sujetos a
rotaci6n bajo los t6rminos del Tratado del
Canal de Panama y acuerdos afines. Los
empleados con doble nacionalidad son
tratados como ciudadanos estadounidenses
para efectos de la rotaci6n y otros asuntos
laborales. Bajo la politica actual, aquellos
bajo rotaci6n trabajaran con la Comisi6n
del Canal un maximo de tres afios. Una
excepci6n o extensi6n al culminar este
periodo podra ser otorgada por el adminis-
trador, pero s6lo con una raz6n administra-
tiva valida.

Todos los empleos permanentes y tempo-
rales posteriores al 30 de septiembre de 1979
son acumulativos hacia la terminaci6n del
periodo de rotaci6n. Los ciudadanos
estadounidenses y de terceros paises que
cambian de otras agencias federales a la
Comisi6n estan sujetos a la rotaci6n,

basando'la fecha de la misma en la fecha de
su transferencia a la Comisi6n.
Los empleados contratados como pana-
mefios despu6s del 30 de septiembre de
1979, que despu6s se cambian a estado-
unidenses tambi6n estan sujetos a rotaci6n.
Cuando la ciudadania estadounidense se
adquiere por naturalizaci6n, la rotaci6n se
basa en la fecha de naturalizaci6n; cuando
la ciudadania se obtiene de nacimiento, la
rotaci6n se basa en la fecha original del
Los empleados sujetos a rotaci6n deben
firmar-como condici6n de empleo-un
acuerdo aceptando que estan sujetos a la
politica de rotaci6n de la Comisi6n y que su
tiempo de empleo esta limitado a un
periodo no mayor de tres afios. Aquellos
sujetos a rotaci6n terminaran su periodo de
servicio al culminar el tiempo establecido.
Esa terminaci6n no es considerada una
acci6n adversa.
En el iltimo afio de empleo bajo la
rotaci6n, los ciudadanos estadounidens6s
elegibles pueden solicitar asistencia para
obtener posiciones en agencias federales en
los Estados Unidos.

Eventos locales

Bazar anual
El Club de Esposas de Oficiales y Civiles
del Pacifico invita al piblico a su bazar
anual de 10 a.m. a 4 p.m. el lo. de mayo en
el Club de Oficiales de Amador. Para mis
informaci6n, llamar a Alice Byrne (82-3330)
o Rhonda Farris (87-4149).

Cursos de RCP
El Centro Juvenil de Gat6n ofrecera dos
cursos de resucitaci6n cardiopulmonar para
empleados y dependientes de la Comisi6n
del Canal. El primero sera de 4 a 7 p.m. el
14 y 15 de abril. El segundo tendra el mismo
horario el 28 y 29 de abril. Para mds
informaci6n, Ilamar a Albano H. Aguilar al
43-5353 de 1 a 8:45 p.m. martes a viernes y
de 10 am. a 4 p.m. sabados.

Carrera del Dia de la Ley
Una "carrera por la justicia" de 10 kms.
partira a las 7 a.m. el lo. de mayo del Club
de Oficiales de Amador para conmemorar
el Dia de la Ley. La cuota de $8 para los
inscritos antes y $10 para quienes se
inscriban ese dia incluye una camiseta. Para
informaci6n, Ilamar a Clea Efthimiadis al

Primeros auxilios
El Centro Juvenil de Gat6n ofrecera un
curso de primeros auxilios para empleados
y dependientes de la Comisi6n de 4 a 8 p.m.
el 12 y 13 de mayo. Para registrarse o mis
informaci6n, llamar a Albano H. Aguilar al
43-5353 de 1 a 8:45 p.m. martes a viemes y
de 10 a.m. a 4 p.m. sabados.

Ramo de Adiestramiento Industrial ai
El Ramo de Adiestramiento Industrial ofrecerA los siguientes cursos para mejorar las habilida
del Canal de Panama. Todas las sesiones se reunirn de 7 am. a 3 p.m. en la Escuela de
industrial de Balboa). "Aplicaci6n de Pintura", "Corrosi6n Basica" e "Inspecci6n de Ca
Ramo de Bodegas. Las nominaciones deben enviarse a trav6s de los administradores de p
formulario 2827.
Aplicaci6n de Pintura .................. .........................
Controladores Programables ......................................
Corrosi6n Basica ..................................................
Bombas ...................................... ..................
Aparejamiento Elemental ............................
Inspecci6n de Capas..............................................
Inspecci6n Elemental de Soldadura ....................................
Se ha cambiado el horario de algunos cursos publicados en la 6ltima edici6n del Spill
Superficies" no se ofrecerA este mes y el de "Bombas" serA el 16 y 23 de abril y el 14y 21 de r
del 14 al 21 de mayo, como se anunci6).

Lista de Vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o de carrera condicional. Los
presentarse al Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Edificio 366, Anc6n, en el Formulario
tardar siete dias despues de publicado este aviso.
Aquellos que sean escogidos para un puesto permanente o para un Puesto Designado
(TDP) tendran que someterse a una prueba de urinalisis para descartar el uso ilegal de d
del cambio de posici6n permanente. No se exigira el urinalisis a los empleados que ocu|
drogas y anteriormente se hayan sometido a dicha prueba.
Para ciertas posiciones en series de un grado de intervalo, en donde no hay posiciones
los empleados en servicio podrAn calificar con al menos un afio de experiencia esp
inferiores al de la posici6n.
Los solicitantes podrAn repasar los requisitos de cada puesto en el Centro de Recu
Canal de Panama (Edificio 38, Balboa). Aquellos que, por raz6n de su experiencia,
necesarias para ejercer el puesto exitosamente serAn calificados en base a requisitos me
trata de un ascenso.
Las tarifas de pago abajo citadas son las tarifas minimas y maximas de pago por hora
las vacantes anunciadas. Los empleados seleccionados para llenar una vacante serin
tarifa bAsica salarial correspondiente, de conformidad con los reglamentos.
Para mayor informaci6n, comuniquese con el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones, Ilam

Puestos permanentes


Oficial de servicios administrativos, NM-9' (Debe
tener conocimiento de relaciones laborales. Es
deseable que tenga conocimiento de espafiol.).... $13.32/$17.31
Especialista en confirmaci6n de calidad, NM-9/11'
(Debe tener conocimiento de electricidad y
mecAnica para inspeccionar y probar equipo. Debe
tener licencia de conducir y saber nadar.) (Bilingiie) $13.32/$20.94
Electricista, MG-102 (Debe saber nadar y tener
licencia para conducir.)....................... $12.90/$15.05
Aseador, MG-22 (Debe trabajar turnos.) ......... $4.60/$4.76


I La documentaci6n que pruebe que el solicitante llena los requisitos especiales debe a
en el expediente oficial de personal; de lo contrario, no se considerara al solicitante par
2 S61o se considerarA a empleados de la Comisi6n.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama es un empleador que se ajusta a Il

El Centro de Recreo de Gamboa tendra
una caminata de dos millas a las 4:30 p.m. el
15 de abril. Patrocinada por el Ramo de
Acondicionamiento Fisico del Empleado,
esta abierta para empleados y dependientes
de la Comisi6n mayores de 18 afios. Para
informaci6n, llamar a Francisco Iberico al

Torneo de golf
La Sociedad Americana de PanamA
realizara su segundo Torneo Anual de Golf
para el Fondo de Becas el sabado 17 de
abril a las 7:30 a.m. en la cancha de
Amador. El evento es patrocinado por
Continental Airlines, Ron Bacardi y Cerveza
Panama. La entrada es de $25 por jugador
e incluye tarifa de la cancha, premios,

almuerzo, bebidas, premios de entrada y
recordatorios. Las solicitudes de inscripci6n
Sn uncia cu rSOS pueden obtenerse en los clubes de Amador,
des de los artesanos de la Comisi6n Horoko, Panama y Brazos Brook.
Aprendices (Edificio 2-A del Area
pas" s61o son para empleados del Eventos en pro de sinf6nica
programs de adiestramiento en el
La Orquesta Sinf6nica Nacional presen-
...........14 al 16 de abril tara un concierto en conmemoraci6n del
........... 7 al de junior centenario de la muerte de Petr Ilich
........... 7 al 11 dejunio
.......... 11 al 18 dejunio Tchaikovsky a las 8 p.m. el 28 de abril en el
...............15 dejunio Teatro Anayansi del Centro de Convencio-
.......... 21 al 25 de junio nes ATLAPA. El evento es patrocinado por
...............24 dejunio el Instituto Nacional de Cultura y Aero-
way. El curso de "Preparaci6n de lineas Continental, con la colaboraci6n del
mayo (en vez del 16 al 23 de abril y
Patronato Pro-Orquesta Sinf6nica Nacio-
nal (organizaci6n privada sin fmes de lucro
que apoya a la orquesta). Los boletos estan
disponibles en la organizaci6n, la Libreria
formularios de solicitud deben Argosy y las librerias Gran Morrison de
443, Solicitud de Traslado, a mis Paitilla y Via Espafia.
SP El director actual de la Orquesta
Spar Prueba al Azar por Drogas
drogas antes del nombramiento o Sinf6nica Nacional es Efrain Guigui Abbo,
pen un puesto sujeto a prueba por nacido en Chitre, quien estudi6 en el
en la linea normal de promoci6n, Conservatorio de Buenos Aires, la Univer-
pecializada en uno o dos grados sidad de Boston y con Leopoldo Stokowsky,
sos Tnios de a Comisin del y ha recibido el Premio Ditson de Direcci6n
rsos Tecnicos de la Comisi6n del
posean las pericias y habilidades (equivalente al Premio Pulitzer) de la
odificados. Esto no se aplica si se Universidad de Columbia. Originalmente
Scon 50 misicos, la orquesta aument6 a 62
i correspondientes a los grades de ,
colocados en el escal6n, grado y en su mejor epoca. Sin embargo, durante la
crisis econ6mica de Panama disminuy6 la
ando al 52-3583. cantidad de misicos hasta llegar a 20 a
Unidd i an- principios de 1992.
El Patronato Pro-Orquesta Sinf6nica
Nacional se form6 el afio pasado para
Dragado P I reactivar la orquesta. Ahora tiene 36
m6sicos, pero el n6mero minimo deseado es
65. Los objetivos de la organizaci6n
Logistica P 1 incluyen contratar m6sicos extranjeros para
tocar con la orquesta en presentaciones y
Electricidad P I ensefiar a panamefios a tocar ciertos
icios del Canal A 1 instrumentos.
djuntarse a la solicitud o incluirse Para informaci6n sobre el concierto de
a la vacante. este mes, o c6mo apoyar los esfuerzos de la
a Loy sobre Igualdad de organizaci6n, llamar al 69-7963 o al

Torneo de billar
El Centro Juvenil de Gatin tendra un
toreo de billar para pre-adolescentes y
adolescentes el Dia de los Caidos el 31 de
mayo. Para mis informaci6n, llamar a
Albano H. Aguilar al 43-5353 de 1 a 8:45 p.m.

Aniversario del deportista
La Asociaci6n Americana del Deportista
del Pacifico celebrara su 250. aniversario el
17 de abril. Se invita a los miembros
actuales y pasados a las festividades, que
empezaran al mediodia en el local del club.
Para mis informaci6n, lamar al presidente
Art Mokray o al vicepresidente Robert
Webb al 52-5613.
Buceo en Jamaica, reuni6n
El Club de Buceo de Balboa organiza un
viaje a Negril, Jamaica, del 12 al 16 de
mayo. El costo de $510 para buzos y $410
para los demAs incluye boleto a6reo,
transporte al hotel, servicio e impuesto,
alojamiento, desayunos, almuerzos y seis
viajes de buceo (con tanques y pesas). Se
pueden inscribir hasta el 16 de abril.
Para mis informaci6n sobre el viaje se
puede lamar al 61-5231 o asistir a la
pr6xima reuni6n del club el 14 de abril a las
7:30 p.m. en el Centro de Adiestramiento
del Canal de Panama. En la reuni6n se
discutiran viajes futuros a las islas Iguana y
Bonaire; el orador invitado, John Babbs,
hablara sobre equipos y mantenimiento.

Interrupci6n de energia
Se ha programado un corte del
suministro de energia el6ctrica en la
comunidad de Gat6n el sabado, 17 de
abril, desde las 7 a.m. y continuando
por espacio de ocho horas. Segun el
expedidor de energia de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama, el corte es
necesario para dar mantenimiento a
la subestaci6n el6ctrica de Gat6n.


Adnministrador. Comisidn del Canal de Panamd
Directora de Relacirnes rPhlicas
Director Asociado
Director Asociada
El Spillway del Canal de Panama cs una publicaci6n oficial
quincenal de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Los articulos que en
ella aparecen pueden ser reproducidos sin pedir autoriCaci6n,
unicamente acrcditando la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe ser
entregada antes del mediodia del jueves anterior a la semana de su
publicaci6n, o antes del mediodia del micrcoles si hay algdn dia
feriado durante la semana de publicacion. Las subscripciones de 52
ejemplares cuestan 56 por correo regular. $4 por correo regular
para estudiantes y $19 por correo aireo. Envie cheque o giro postal
a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor
informaci6n. Lame al 52-3202 o escriha a la Oficina de Rclacio-
nes POiblicas de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Unit 2300,
APO AA 34011-2300 o Altos de Balboa. PanamA.

Paiina 4

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