Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: June 2, 1989
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00119
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Historic transit "
An important milestone in Panama Canal history was celebrated
Sunday as the "Hanjin Longbeach" made the 700,000th transit through
the waterway. After 75 years of operations and 700,000 transits, the
Canal continues to offer safe and efficient service to the maritime
industry. In choosing the slogan, "Honoring the past by building the
future" for its Diamond Jubilee, the Panama Canal Commission has
reaffirmed its commitment to ensure quality transit service well into the
next century. On board the "Hanjin Longbeach"for its historic transit
are Poul Bastrup, operations managerfor Boyd Steamship Corporation,
agent for the vessel; Juergen Dorfmeier, president of Boyd Steamship;
Capt. Cho Suk Kim, master of the "Hanjin Longbeach"; Commission
Public Affairs Director Willie K. Friar; and Marine Director Capt.
George T. Hull.

Photo by Kevin Jenkins

Radar system to THE
increase safety CANAMA Honoring the past by building the future
increase safety CANAL

A radar system to monitor vessel
traffic and prevent collisions in the
Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal
is currently being developed by the
Panama Canal Commission Engineer-
ing Division.
The system will have a range of 24
nautical miles. Comprised of a set of
antennas at Toro Point and the
Cristobal Signal Station, as well as a
microwave reflector at Loma Borracho,
it will enable signals to be relayed to a
computerized console in Cristobal,
which will monitor the speed and
direction of vessels in Limon Bay and
the Atlantic Ocean.
It will, therefore, be possible to
determine whether two ships are likely
to collide if they keep moving at the
same speed and direction. In such a
case, the system will automatically set
off an alarm at the Cristobal Signal
Station. The operators could then warn
the captains or pilots aboard the ships to
take the necessary actions.
The Commission has acquired elec-
tronics equipment for the system from
Raytheon Marine Company of Man-
chester, N.H., and the remaining
communications equipment has been
ordered. In addition, a contract project
(CC-89-10) has been announced for
construction of the antenna facility at
Toro Point at an estimated cost between
$100,000 and $250,000. An emergency
plant, two equipment shacks and the
antenna tower will constitute the
facility, and further work may be
performed in other areas under ad-
ditives, including construction of the
foundation for the microwave reflector
and its supply and erection. The
deadline for offers is 1 p.m. June 23.
The Commission is also working on a
project for a similar radar system on the
Pacific side at the Flamenco Signal

---- 1914-1989

Board elects chairman; studies toll rate

The Panama Canal Commission
Board of Directors has been meeting
yesterday and today in Miami. The
session began with the election of
Robert W. Page as the new board
chairman. Page was appointed to the
board May 1, following the resignation
of the former chairman. William R.

The board members also discussed
the re-establishment of a four-member
executive committee, consisting of two
U.S. and two Panamanian representa-
tives in addition to the chairman. In
accordance with board regulations, the
committee will exercise the powers of
the full board when acting on urgent
matters that cannot await the next
board meeting.
The boaid considered a proposal for
a toll-rate increase for fiscal year 1990.
The proposal will be published and a
public hearing will be held in July. The
increase will then have to be approved
by the president of the United States
and announced it federal publications
before it becomes effective. The last
increase in Panama Canal tolls was in
March 1983.
The board also heard a presentation
by the consulting firm of Temple,
Barker & Sloane on a forecast for

oceangoing commercial traffic through
the Panama Canal up to fiscal year
In his report to the board, Adminis-
trator D. P. McAuliffe discussed down-
turns in transits and revenues in the first
seven months of this fiscal year.
Oceangoing transits have averaged 33.7
daily, compared with 34.4 during the
same period in fiscal year 1988, and tolls
income has dropped by 3.2 percent. The
administrator predicted that the trend
would continue through the remainder
of the year, which will result in an
operating deficit for the Commission.
McAuliffe also reported that the
installation of a locomotive turntable at
the north end of Gatun Locks is
scheduled for completion this month
and that construction of a new turntable
platform at the north end of Miraflores

(Continued on page 3)

Maiden transit by "Star Princess" breaks record

A new Panama Canal tolls record
was set Thursday, May 18, by the Star
Princess. The vessel paid $109,653.60
for its maiden transit, breaking the
record of $106,782.33 established by the
Queen Elizabeth 2 in January 1988.
The latest addition to the Princess
fleet, the Star Princess transited south-

bound en route to Alaska. The vessel
measures 809 feet in length and 105.74
feet in beam and has the capacity for
1,700 passengers. Its elegant features
include three swimming pools and over
$1 million of contemporary art.
Because of the time required to
measure the cruise liner and determine
its net tonnage, Panama Canal Com-
mission senior admeasurers Clifford J.
Lanterman and Valentine D. Lynch
flew to Cartagena to board the

Big day at the locks
As the "Star Princess" completes its
transit to break the Panama Canal
tolls record, the 946-foot-long "Bella-
trix" moves into position at Miraflores
Locks. Considered one of the world's
largest and fastest vessels, the "Bella-
trix" came to deliver armored person-
nel carriers and other equipment for
the 5th Infantry Division.
Photo by Bobby Fishbough

superliner and begin the work prior to
its arrival at the Canal. They began with
the safety inspections and paperwork
and then started taking the physical
dimensions. Both worked on the
measurement, and Lanterman made
the final calculations. Within four days
of the transit, he came up with the ship's
net tonnage-59,920 Panama Canal net
Although they had no complaints
about being assigned to work aboard a
luxury liner, Lanterman and Lynch
point out that they were not passengers
and that it was certainly no cruise
vacation for them. With only about a
day to do the measuring, they had to put
in extra hours to get the job done. "It
was hard work, but an enjoyable and
worthwhile experience," Lynch said.
This was the first ship Lynch has had
to board ahead of time, but Lanterman
had the opportunity to work on the
QE 2 last year, boarding it in Fort
Lauderdale, Fla., six days before it
transited the Canal. He says, however.
that the Star Princess experience "was
still an adventure."


Friday, June 2, 1989

Veteran mule operators recall old times

Modernization has resulted in signi-
ficant improvements in Panama Canal
efficiency, and changes have been
especially beneficial in the area of locks
towing locomotive operations. How-
ever, Billy D. Bell and George Lowery,
the only remaining towing locomotive
operators who have driven both the old
General Electric mules and their
Mitsubishi replacements, speak with
nostalgia of the old models even while

discussing the benefits of the new ones.
Operating a locomotive in the old
days was quite a task. "It was hand
signals by day and flashlights at night,"
according to Bell and Lowery. The
newer locomotives, on the other hand,
have radio receivers. All today's
operators have to do is ring a bell two
times to let the pilot aboard ship know
the signals were received.
With the old GE locomotives, every

operator had his own helper working
the same shift. If the wedge on the old
models fell, the locomotive would stall
and the helper would have to get off to
crank it up again. Today, only two
helpers are needed to serve four
Everything was more complicated
before the new locomotives were
acquired. The operators had to man
three controls, two for the windlasses

Reviving the past
Visiting the display of an old
General Electric locomotive at
Miraflores Locks brings back
memories for Billy Bell, wearing
glasses, and George Lowery.
The two men are the only
current towing locomotive
operators who previously
worked with the old models.
Photo by Kevin Jenkins

Position Vacancy List
Applicants must have career or career-conditional status in order to apply for permanent
positions. Application forms must be submitted to the Employment and Placement Branch.
Buildihg 366, Ancon, or Building 7998, Margarita, on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later
than seven days from the date of this publication. Qualification standards may be reviewed at the
Panama Canal Commission Technical Resources Center. Further information may be obtained
from the Employment and Placement Branch, telephone 52-7996 or 46-7219.


I.o- Va-
ca- can-

Permanent positions salaries* Unit tion dies
Administrative services assistant, NM-7 (Only
Panama Canal Commission employees will be
considered. Personnel experience required.) ... $9.34/$12.14 Traffic Mgmt. P 1
Budget assistant (typing), NM-7 ............... $9.34/$12.14 Dredging P 1
Library technician, NM-5 (Part-time not to exceed
30 hours.)'(Knowledge of Spanish required.) .. $5.64/ $7.12 Comm. Svcs. P I
Marine cargo specialist, GS-9 (U.S. citizens only) $11.43,$14.85 Log. Supp. Br. New
Orleans 1
Mobile equipment servicer, MG-6 (Driver's license
required.) .................. ........... $4.53/$4.87 Maintenance A I
Painting worker, MG-7......... .............. $4.83/$5.16 Industrial A 2
Secretary (typing), NM-5 (Knowledge of Spanish
required. Only PCC employees will be con-
sidered.) .................. ............... $5.64/$7.12 Canal Svcs. P 1
Secretary (stenography), NM-5 (Shorthand at 80
words per minute) ......................... $5.64/$7.12 Fin. Mgmt. P I
Supervisory architect, NM-13 ....'........... $19.70/$25.62 Engineering P 1

Temporary promotion or detail
Crane operator, MG-11 (not to exceed July 2, 1990)
(Swimming ability and shift work required.)... $11.59/$13.52 Locks P 1

Modified qualifications will be used to qualify applicants for positions (including those with
known promotion potential) through reassignments, changes to lower grades and transfers or,
reinstatements to the same or lower grades when their backgrounds include closely related
experience that provided the skills necessary for successful performance.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions advertised. Employees selected will
be placed in the appropriate step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

See schedule below for upcoming training courses

The schedule of courses to be offered at the Panama Canal Training Center in the
weeks ahead is provided below. Nominations should be made through training
program managers by the suspense dates shown.
Course and target audience Dates Time Suspense
The Communication Experience (support staff personnel) July 10-11 7:30-11:30 June 19
The Competent Communicator I (Managerial Assessment of
Proficiency participants and employees at grades NM-12
and above) ....................................... July 10-14 8:00- 4:00 June 19
The Competent Communicator II (graduates of The
Competent Communicator 1) ....................... July 17-19 8:00- 4:00 June 26
PCC Correspondence Manual Workshop (support staff
personnel) ................... .................. July 17-21 7:30-11:30 June 26
Report Writing (all employees) ........................ July 24-28 8:00- 4:00 July 3
Planning for Retirement (those planning to retire in the
United States) .................................... July 26 8:00- 4:00 July 5

Planning for Retirement (those planning to retire in Panama)

Job Instruction Techniques (supervisors, leaders and
employees responsible for the training of others).......
Supervisory Development I (new supervisors) ...........

July 28
July 27
July 28

8:00- 4:00
1:00- 4:00

July 26-28 8:00- 4:00
July 31-
August 4 8:00- 4:00

July 5

July 5

July 10

Photo contest still open
Don't forget that July 31 is the
deadline to enter the photography
competition in honor of the Panama
Canal's 75th anniversary. The sub-
ject is the Canal, its operation, the
people who make it work and its 75
years of service to world commerce.
Several cash prizes will be awarded,
so get clicking. Information on
contest rules is provided on the entry
forms, which are available at the
Graphic Branch (in the basement of
the Balboa Heights Administration
Building) and at the Atlantic om-
budsman office (Building 206, (a-

Don't trespass on

U.S. gunnery range

U.S. military authorities have issued
a warning against trespassing in the
Balboa West gunnery range, a 3-
kilometer by 11-kilometer area three
kilometers north of Nuevo Emperador.
Air crews are using the area for
ordnance delivery and tactics training,
and aircraft may enter it any time
without prior notice to practice ex-
plosive delivery. Because there is no
time to leave the area when aircraft
arrive unannounced, any intruders
would be in great jeopardy.
Entering the area or removing
anything from it is not only dangerous,
it is also illegal. The military has
announced that violators will be
prosecuted to the maximum extent

and one for the traction unit. The mules
had two cabs, so operators had to
change cabs, often in unpleasant
weather, to be facing the same direction
as the transit. They even had to carry the
operator handles with them. The new
machines can move backward or
forward without any change in the
position of the operator.
While the previous locomotives had
antiquated manually operated wheel
brakes, the newer ones have air brakes
that make stopping much easier.
Another improvement, welcomed by
both Bell and Lowery, was not having
to change the plows on the old models
that drew power from the conductor
slots. Other problems arose when kinks
developed in the towing cables that were
attached to vessels. The standard
solution in that case was for the helper
to straighten out the cable by beating on
it with a wooden object like a long
baseball bat.
Although happy with the improve-
ments in the new locomotives, Bell and
Lowery still speak highly of the old
models, pointing out that they served
the Canal well for many years. Both
men are looking forward to retirement
themselves, Bell planning to end his 34
years of service today and Lowery, who
began his Canal service in 1952,
planning to stay on until the end of the
year. Both have worked at all three
locks, but Bell is retiring from Pedro
Miguel and Lowery is at Miraflores.

Summer schedule
at Balboa Pool
The operating hours at the Balboa
pool have been changed for the
summer. The pool is now open from 9
a.m. to 5 p.m. on weekends; from 9 a.m.
to 6 p.m. on Mondays, Wednesdays
and Fridays; and from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.
on Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Swimming classes
Registration for the Employee Fit-
ness Branch summer swimming classes
is in progress at Panama Canal
Commission pools through Sunday.
Classes will begin on Monday and end
on August 4. For schedules at specific
pools, call 52-5493 (Balboa), 52-6417
(Los Rios), 56-6425 (Gamboa), 46-7229
(Margarita) or 43-5233 (Gatun).


Spillway jH

Administrator, Panama Canal Commission Deputy) Administrator
Director of Public Affairs
Press Officer Editor
The SPILLWAY is an official Panama Canal publication. Articles may he reprinted without further permission by crediting
the PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY as the source. News items should arrive in the Press Office by noon. Thursday. the week
prior to publication. Only urgent, official material will be accepted after the deadline. Subscriptions for 52 issues are 56 regular mail.
$4 regular mail students and $19 airmail. Send check or money order payable to the Panama Canal Commission to the Office of
Public Affairs. APO Miami 34011-5000.

Paqe 2

, Jn

Passenger vessel
Among the significant events at the
Panama Canal during the early part of
June 1914 was the first lockage by an
oceangoing passenger vessel.
The Panama Railroad Steamship
Line's Allianca transited Gatun on
June 8, carrying a number of pas-
sengers in addition to officers and crew
and officials involved in the operation.
'Arriving at the Atlantic approach, the
ship was towed through the locks by
four locomotives. Dynamometers were
attached to the lines during a part of the
trip to register the pull of the towing
machines. Once in Gatun Lake, the
Allianca made a wide circle, returned to
the locks for its return transit and then
went to its dock at Cristobal.
Sanitation was also continuing to
receive a great deal of attention on the


makes first lockage
Isthmus. Use of a standard metal
garbage can with a self-closing cover
was made mandatory, and milk and
dairy inspections and a vaccination
campaign were reinforced to greatly
improve sanitary conditions in Panama
Among the new programs estab-
lished by the Panama Health Office to
safeguard the public health was a score
card system in connection with the
inspection of bakeries, restaurants,
hotels and other places where food and
drinks were prepared or served. The
requirements enumerated on these
cards varied depending on the character
of the place, but all owners who fell
short of the minimum score following
an inspection were subject to a fine or
the closing of their business.

Photo by Armando De Gracia
Anniversary album
Maintenance Division employees Richard Colonnette, Sixto Gonzdlez,
Rigoberto G6mez and Miguel Navarro thumb through a copy of the recently
distributed album commemorating the Panama Canal's 75th anniversary.
Starting Monday, extra copies of the album will be available to Panama Canal
Commission employees, dependents and retirees at $3 per copy (with an
additional $1 shipping charge, if desired). They can be purchased from 9 to 11
a.m. and 1 to 3 p.m. at the Vital Statistics Office (Room 15 in the Balboa Heights
Administration Building basement) or at the Employee and Cargo Documenta- I
tion Office (Room 105 of the Cristobal Administration Building). A maximum of
five copies can be purchased, and an identification card will be required.

First passenger vessel lockage
The first blockage by an oceangoing passenger vessel is made by the "Allianca" on
June 8, 1914, at Gatun.

Health and safety spotlight

Best tools still close at hand
By Fred Szymanski unit .safety specialist or industrial
What would you pay for the most hygienist can provide guidance on glove
valuable tools in the world? Tools that selection. If in doubt, find out.
grip, grasp, push, twist, distinguish Some general guidelines, based on
between hot and cold and are sensitive the nature of the job, follow.
to touch. It is impossible to buy these Welding: use leather gloves with
tools-they are our hands. elastic cuffs.
While our hands are extremely Wood cutting: use heavy gloves and a
useful, they are also vulnerable. The stick to push material close to the saw
most effective and common method of blades.
protecting them is to wear gloves. The Pesticide or herbicide mixing: Select
right gloves will provide protection rubber gloves to prevent contact with
against burns, cuts, solvents and other your skin, and wash your hands
hazards; the wrong gloves will not thoroughly after the mixing operation.
provide the desired protection and may Using power punches, belts, drive
even harm our hands. chains, lathes and similar machinerv:
The Panama Canal Commission gloves alone will not protect your hands
maintains a wide variety of gloves for if they get caught in a moving part of a
every purpose, so be sure you use the machine. Protection here requires
right glove for the job. Your supervisor, constant vigilance, correct placement of
guards and the use of push sticks as
aFt e much as possible.
ornc pe s Exposure to solvents, detergents and
other liquids that cause dermatological
Fuel facility to be built problems: application of barrier creams
can provide effective protection.
A new fuel dispensing facility will be Our hands and the tools in them do
constructed in Gatun under project CC- not cause accidents. How we decide to
89-51. The estimated price range is from use them does. We must use common
$25,000 to $100,000, and bids will open sense and be aware of the consequence
about July 3. Contract documents are of each action. Our hands are precious
available in the Panama Canal Coin- and will take care of us if we take care of
mission Engineering Division, located them.
in Room 343 of the Balboa Heights
Administration Building (telephone 52- his.,s..conden.sed rsi on ol .a..niicl pnreprcd byh' Si/ m. ki.
a salelttyv nd occUp;liional health specialim. on the Salct lDi\ision's
7949 or modem 52-7436). mnontlhl. safety pipc for April


(Continued from page 1)
Locks will begin as soon as the Gatun
project is completed. Among the other
items he covered were navigational
improvements at the Pacific entrance to
the Canal, the Pedro Miguel Locks
overhaul and major procurement con-
tracts. He also announced the appoint-
ment of Franklin D. Castrellon and
Kaye Richey to associate director
positions in the Public Affairs Office.
In closing, the administrator outlined
the difficulties currently facing Com-
mission personnel. "The steady perfor-
mance of our employees," he said,
"despite considerable personal sacrifice
and psychological duress, is highly
commendable and reflects very favor-
ably upon their professionalism and

Photo by Armando De Gracia
Power-saving device
Electrical engineering technician Jim Bradley and electrician leader Jorge
Carrasco have saved the Panama Canal Commission about $118,440 annually in
power and maintenance costs. Bradley recently received a cash award of $2,495
for suggesting the use of light reflectors in fluorescent fixtures to cut by half the
number of lamps and ballast required. Carrasco and his men have been installing
the reflectors in the Administration Building and other Commission offices.

Take note
Panama Canal Commission
employees are reminded that federal
travel regulations generally preclude
the shipment of foreign-made vehi-
cles to the United States at govern-
ment expense. There are instances in
which an agency can authorize this
type of shipment, and interested
employees may call the Transporta-
tion Services Branch at 52-7845 for
more information.
The Panama Canal Commis-
sion Employee Fitness Branch in-
vites the public to the grand opening
of the Margarita gymnasium on
Monday, June 5. The inauguration
ceremony will begin at 5 p.m. The
normal operating hours at the facility
will be from 3 to 9 p.m. on Monday
through Friday and from 10 a.m. to
4 p.m. on Saturdays.

dirF ay June 2 1 989


Page 3




Friday, June 2, 1989

"Out of the

mouths of


. .

When teacher Janet Rogers decided
to make the Panama Canal the subject
of her class project, she sought the help
of John Tyson, father of one of the
pupils at St. Joseph's Catholic School in
Hertfordshire, England. Tyson is a risk
manager for Citicorp, brokers for the
Panama Canal Commission's catas-
trophic insurance policy, and his job
brings him to Panama several times a
year. With the help of a movie and slide
show prepared by the Commission's
Graphic Branch, he gave the students an
introduction to the colorful history of
the Canal and its current operations.
Tyson brought the resulting project
with him to Panama and showed it to
Deputy Administrator Fernando Man-
fredo Jr., who sent an appreciative letter
to the teacher, congratulating the 10-
and I l-year-olds on their "high stand-
ards of creativity, imagination and
exceptiqpal talent."
The Spillway also got the chance to
look over the project and single out
some highlights to share with our
readers. Minor editorial changes have
been made for the sake of clarity and
brevity. We hope that reprinting these
gems will inspire children of Com-
mission employees to send us their own
poems, artwork, stories and other-
masterpieces about the Canal for
publication in our 75th anniversary
Get busy, kids, and send us your
work by June 30. Be sure to include
your name and age, the name of your
parent who works for the Commission
and his or her employing unit.
In the meantime, we hope all readers
will appreciate these thoughts from the
British students to the right and below.

By Edward Whisker

Each boat has a pilot to tell it whether
to go to the left or the right or just to
keep going. They take the boat away
from the captain because they're so
Sophie Ryan

The captains of military ships
especially don't like handing their ships
over to different pilots.
Zoe Jarrett

Christopher Columbus was the first
to see Panama although he wasn't
looking for Panama, he was lookingfor
Gemma Richardson

"Sendfor Balboa."
"Balboa, you are to go to the land
called Panama and dig a canal so that
our ships can go through."
So Balboa went to Panama to dig the
canal. He took Domingo, Jim and Joe.
Suddenly, there were drums. "Buda
buda buda buda." They were sur-
rounded by' natives. "Help go for
cover." Balboa ran for his life. The next
day back in Spain, Balboa said it was

James Badger

I realized how difficult it was to build
a canal in Panama. So far I had learnt
that mosquitoes bite everything and
everyone. It was impossible to keep the
men interested in their work, it looked
as if I would have to return to France in

Rachel Knox

It nearly broke France paying the
men buying the wrong equipment,
so they stopped and left it. Then the
good old Americans came and built the
canal, so we now have the canal to be
used by everyone-thanks to the good
old Americans.
Marzella Di Giovanni

The president at that time was Teddyi
Roosevelt. He scared away all the wild
animals, so it was safe to work.
Adrian Wood

We first had to conquer the thick
jungle. To do this we had to get extra
supplies to kill the mosquitoes and bugs.
I asked the general to get the equipment
as soon as my best friend died from a
snake bite.
Amanda McDowall

We had not got too far when we
heard a humming noise. It was a
hummingbird sipping nectar from a
flower. The long-beaked toucan flew
overhead: He stretched his beak to
reach ajuicy mangofrom a thin branch.
A poisonous snake climbed up the tree
behind us. The mosquitoes were flying
around us. Our foreheads were sweat-
Teresa Leritti

We walked on, hoping that nothing
would happen, but our luck had gone.
David Thompson was sinking.
"What's going on?" my mother
One by one, we were all sinking until
finally I was the only one that remained.
I ran to get some natives, but when we
got back to the swamp, my family and
friends were gone. Where they went, I
don't know. I don't expect I ever will.
Kevin Oliver

A riddle
What has knuckles but no fingers,
Iron gates but no handles
And stretches for miles?
What has locks but no keys,
Stairs but no railings
And has mules that don't eat carrots?

Answer: The Panama Canal
By Emma Corbett

The, started digging, but because
they had no planes or helicopters they
couldn't see where they were going. So
quite soon they, started going the wrong
Anna Sweetman

The most difficult place to dig was the
Culebra Cut because it always rains at 2
o'clock in Panama, so all the earth fell in
again. They still have problems there
today, but they managed it.
Melissa Suggitt

By Samuel Bowden

The Diary of

Mick Santiago

1st August 1904

The heat is intense. There are flies
everywhere. I've been here a week, and
I've already seen three people die. To
add to the heat, the air is charged with
humidity. It s worse than being in a
butterfly house. The tents are squalid
and cramped. The food is repulsive, but
I suppose I'llget used to it. So far there
has been no shortage of water.

2nd August

We're doing some clearing today-in
groups. My group is as follows: me,
Tucky (Jack Tucker), Dingy (Rob
Floater) and Crunky (his real name I
don't know).
An account of what happened: The
truck rumbled through undergrowth,
sending bats screeching and monkeys
swinging away. A snake hung from a
tree hissing. The.jungle is a fantastic and
yet frightening place to be. B lunchtime
we arrived at the area we had to clear.
We unloaded the chain saws and rotor
saws. We worked forabout an hour and

then stopped for a break-tea and
sandwiches. We worked for another
hour and then dived for the shelter of
the truck. It was starting to rain heavily.
When it stopped we climbed out of
the truck. The ground was wet and
slippery, making it almost impossible to
work. We continued to work for
another hour and then gave up. We
climbed into the truck and started the
engine. Tucky' pushed on the pedal, but
the truck would not start. We climbed
out of the truck and realized the truck
wheels had sunk in the mud. We tried
pushing the truck hbut nothing hap-
pened. It will be a long walk home.

3rd August 1904

Today we continued our walk back
after spending the night in a tree.
Crunky was complaining of shivers. As
the day went on, Crunky grew worse.
We weren't lost for we were following
the trail made by the truck. By evening,
Crunky was sweating violent/ and he
was complaining about his heart. At
night he died. We buried him as well as
we could. We spliced two pieces of
wood together to make a cross. Dingy
pulled out his mouth organ and played
a few bars of Amazing Grace.
By David McKenna

Pane 4

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..(-. ___~__~~-li__~~~I~ ~rj .~~)~~
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.... .. ........... I'll, ''I-,- ..- I

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.... ..... . ........ ..... !,., -- .. . I'll.-l- I I

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-.nx;~-' ::e-

. *;'* #

TrAnsito hist6rico
Un acontecimiento importante en la historia del Canal de Panamd fue
celebrado el domingo cuando el ""Hanjin Long Beach" realiz6 el trdnsito
No. 700,000 por la via acudtica. Despues de 75 ahos y 700,000 tr6nsitos,
el Canal continue ofreciendo un servicio eficiente y seguro a la industria
maritima. Al escoger el lema "Construyendo el futuro honramos el
pasado" para sus Bodas de Diamante, la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd
ha reafirmado su compromiso de asegurar la mejor calidad del servicio
de trdnsito hasta el pr6ximo siglo. Para el hist6rico trdnsito se
encontraban a bordo del "Hanjin Long Beach" Poul Bastrup, gerente de
operaciones de Boyd Steamship Corporation, agente de la nave;
Juergen Dorfmeier, presidente de Boyd Steamship; Cho Suk Kim,
capitdn del "Hanjin Long Beach"; la Directora de la Oficina de
Informaci6n de la Comisi6n Willie Friar, y el Director de Marina Capt.
George T. Hull.

Foto por Kevin Jenkins

Sistema de radar EL
aumenta seguridad CANAL

Actualmente, la Divisi6n de Ingenie-
ria de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
esta desarrollando un sistema de radar
para vigilar el trifico de naves y preveer
colisiones en la entrada Atlantica del
El radar tendra un alcance de 24
millas nduticas. Constituido por un
juego de antenas en Toro Point y la
Estaci6n de Sefiales de Crist6bal, asi
como un reflector de microondas en
Loma Borracho, el sistema enviard
sefiales a Crist6bal, donde una consola
computarizada vigilara la velocidad y
direcci6n de los barcos en Bahia de
Lim6n y en el Oceano Atlintico.
De esta forma, se podra determinar
si, de continuar en la misma direcci6n y
velocidad, dos barcos corren el riesgo de
chocar. En el caso de una posible
colisi6n, el sistema haria sonar una
alarma automiticamente en la Estaci6n
de Sefiales de Crist6bal. Entonces, los
operadores de la estaci6n se comunica-
rian con los capitanes o practices a
bordo de los barcos para que estos
tomen las medidas necesarias.
La Comisi6n ya adquiri6 el equipo
electr6nico de la firma Raytheon
Marine Company de Manchester, New
Hampshire, y orden6 todo el equipo de
comunicaciones necesario. Ademis, se
ha anunciado un proyecto de contrato
(CC-89-10) mediante el cual se realizard
la construcci6n de una instalaci6n para
las antenas en Toro Point a un costo
entre $100,000 y $250,000. La instala-
ci6n incluye una planta de emergencia,
dos edificios para guardar el equipo y la
torre para la antena. Como aditivos, se
podria incluir el suministro, fundaci6n y
erecci6n del reflector de microondas. El
plazo para presentar las propuestas
expirard a la 1 p.m. del 23 de junio.
La Comisi6n adelanta trabajos para
un sistema de radar similar en la
Estaci6n de Sefiales de la isla Flamenco
en el Pacifico.

Construyendo el futuro honramos el pasado

Directiva elige presidente; estudia peajes

La Junta Directiva de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama se reuni6 ayer y
hoy en Miami, Florida. La sesi6n se
inici6 con la elecci6n de Robert W. Page
como nuevo presidente de la directiva.
Page se integr6 a la directiva el 1 de
mayo, luego de la renuncia del
expresidente, William R. Gianelli.
Los directivos tambien discutieron el

restablecimiento de un comit6 ejecutivo
formado por cuatro miembros-dos
representantes panameiios y dos esta-
dounidenses-ademis del presidente.
Segfin los reglamentos de la directiva, el
comit6 ejerceri los poderes de la
directiva en pleno cuando act6e sobre
asuntos urgentes que no pueden esperar
hasta la pr6xima reuni6n de la directiva.
La directiva consider6 una propuesta
para el incremento de peajes para el afio
fiscal 1990. La propuesta sera publicada
y se realizard una audiencia pfiblica en
julio. Entonces, el incremento tendra
que ser aprobado por el presidente de
los Estados Unidos y anunciado en las
publicaciones federales antes de entrar
en vigor. El iltimo incremento de peajes
del Canal de Panama fue en marzo de
La directiva tambi6n escuch6 una
charla de la firma consultora Temple,
Barker & Sloane acerca de las
proyecciones del trifico de naves

comerciales de alto calado por el Canal
de Panama hasta el afio fiscal 2010.
En su informe a la directiva, el
Administrador D. P. McAuliffe dis-
cuti6 la disminuci6n en los transitos e
ingresos en los primeros siete meses del
afio fiscal. Los transitos de naves de alto
calado tienen un promedio diario de
33.7, comparado con 34.4 durante el
mismo periodo del afio fiscal 1988, y el
ingreso por peajes ha disminuido un 3.2
por ciento. El administrador predijo
que esta tendencia continuani durante
el resto del afio, lo que resultard en un
deficit operacional para la Comisi6n.
McAuliffe tambi&n inform6 que la
instalaci6n de una tornamesa para
locornotoras en el extremo norte de las
Esclusas de Gatin estA programada
para completarse este mes, y que la
construcci6n de una nueva plataforma
para la tornamesa en el extremo norte

(Continza en la pdgina 3)

"Star Princess" rompe record de peajes del Canal

Una nueva marca de peajes pagados
al Canal de Panama fue establecida el
jueves 18 de mayo por el Star Princess.
La nave pag6 $109,653.60 por su
transito inaugural rompiendo el record
de $106,782.33 establecido por el Queen
Elizabeth 2 en enero de 1988.
El Star Princess, la iiltima adquisi-
ci6n de la flota Princess, transit6 rumbo

al sur con destino a Alaska. La nave
mide 809 pies de largo y 105.74 pies de
manga y tiene capacidad para 1,700
pasajeros. Cuenta con tres piscinas y
exhibe a bordo obras de arte contem-
poraneo por valor de $1 mill6n.
Debido al tiempo que se requiere
para las tareas de arqueo del crucero y
determinar su tonelaje neto, los arquea-
dores de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama Clifford J. Lanterman y
Valentine D. Lynch viajaron a Carta-
gena para abordar el lujoso crucero y

Un gran dia
en las esclusas
Mientras el "Star Princess" concluye
su trdnsito para romper el record de
peajes pagados al Canal de Panam6, el
"Bellatrix", de 946 pies de largo, se
prepara para entrar a las Esclusas de
Miraflores. Considerada una de las
naves mds grandes y veloces del
mundo, el "Bellatrix" vino a desem-
barcar vehiculos blindados y otro
equipo de la Quinta Divisi6n de
Infanteria del Ejdrcito de los Estados
Foto por Bobby Fishbough

empezar el trabajo antes de Ilegar al
Canal. Comenzaron con las inspeccio-
nes de seguridad y el'trabajo escrito y
luego siguieron con las dimensiones
fisicas. Ambos trabajaron en las
medidas, y Lanterman se ocup6 de los
cAlculos finales. Despu6s de cuatro dias
del trAnsito, obtuvo el tonelaje neto del
barco-59,920 toneladas netas del
Aunque no se quejaron por haber
sido asignados a trabajar a bordo de tan
lujoso crucero, Lanterman y Lynch
admiten que no eran precisamente
pasajeros y que, definitivamente, el viaje
no fue de vacaciones para ellos. Con
s6lo un dia para calcular las dimensio-
nes fisicas, tuvieron que emplear horas
extras para completar el trabajo. "Fue
un trabajo duro, pero una experiencia
agradable y valiosa", dijo Lynch.
Este fue el primer barco que Lynch
tuvo que abordar por adelantado, pero
Lanterman tuvo la oportunidad de
trabajar en el QE 2 el aflo pasado,
abordandolo en Fort Lauderdale,
Florida, seis dias antes de que transitara
el Canal. Sin embargo, dice que su
experiencia con el Star Princess "tam-
bien fue una aventura".

Robert W. Page


Viernes 2 de junio de 1989

Operadores de mula reviven viejos tiempos

La modernizaci6n ha traido impor-
tantes cambios en la eficiencia del Canal
de Panama, y esos cambios han sido
beneficiosos particularmente en el
campo de las operaciones de locomoto-
ras de remolque. Sin embargo, Billy D.
Bell y George Lowery, los finicos dos
operadores que han manejado tanto los
viejos modelos General Electric como
los nuevos Mitsubishi, hablan de los

Recordando los
viejos tiempos
Visitar una vieja locomotora
General Electric en exhibici6n en
las Esclusas de Miraflores trae
viejos recuerdos a Billy Bell, con
anteojos, y a George Lowery.
Actualmente, son los dos uinicos
operadores de locomotoras que
tambidn manejaron las viejas
Foto por Kevin Jenkins

viejos modelos con nostalgia al tiempo
que aprecian las ventajas de los nuevos.
Manejar una locomotora en el
pasado era una tarea complicada.
"Significaba hacer sefiales con la mano
durante el dia y utilizar linternas
durante la noche,"seg6n Bell y Lowery.
En cambio, las nuevas locomotoras
tienen receptores de radio. Lo unico que
los operadores tienen que hacer ahora

Lista de Vacantes
Los solicitantes deben ser empleados de carrera o carrera condicional para aspirar a los puestos
permanentes. Las solicitudes se recibirin en el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones ubicado en el
Edificio 366, en Anc6n, o en el Edificio 7998, en Margarita, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de
Traslado, y debera ser recibida en el Ramo dentro de los pr6ximos siete dias calendarios posteriores
a la fecha de esta publicaci6n. Los requisites de los puestos pueden verificarse en el Centro de
Recursos T6cnicos de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n Ilame al Ramo

de Empleo y Colocaciones, a los tel6fonos 52-7996 6 46-7219.

Puestos permanentes Salario*
Secretario(a) (estenografia), NM-5 (estenogralia
a 80 palabras por minuto.) .................. $5.64/$7.12
Asistente de presupuesto (mecanografia), NM-7.. $9.34/$12.14
Tecnico bibliotecario, NM-5 (Tiempo parcial,
maximo 30 horas. Debe saber espaiol.)....... $5.64/$7.12
Especialista en carga maritima, GS-9 (S61o para
estadounidenses.) ......................... $11.43/$14.85

Dependiente de equipo m6vil, MG-6 (Debe tener
licencia de conducir.) ....................... $4.53/$4.87
Trabajador de pintura, MG-7 ................. $4.83/$5.16
Secretario (mecanografia), NM-5 (Debe saber
espafiol. S61o se considerara a empleados de la
Comisi6n.) .................. ............. $5.64/$7.12
Arquitecto supervisor, NM-13 ................. $19.70/$25.62
Asistente de servicios administrativos, NM-7 (S61o
se considerard a empleados de la Comisi6n. Debe
tener experiencia en asuntos de personal.)..... $9.34/$12.14
Traslado/ascenso temporal
Operador de gria, MG-11 (Maximo hasta el
2 de julio de 1990. Debe saber nadary trabajar
turnos.) .............. ................. $11.59/$13.52


Si- can-
tio tes

Adm6n. de Fin. P 1
Dragado P 1

Serv. Corn. P 1

Ramo de Apoyo Nueva
Logistico Orleans 1

Mantenimiento A
Industrial A

Serv. Canal P I
.Ingenieria P I


Para calificar a los solicitantes se usaran los requisites modificados (in
potencial conocido para ascensos) para prop6sitos de reasignaci6n, car
traslados y reintegraci6n al mismo grade o a un grado menor, cuando ten
necesarias para desempefiar sus funciones con 6xito.
Los salaries devengados reflejan las tarifas minimas y maximas por hora para los grados d
empleados que scan escogidos serin colocados en el escalon y salario correspondientes de acue
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panamb es un empleador qua se ajusta a la Lay sobre I

Ofrecen cursos de adiestramiento par

A continuaci6n aparecen los cursos que serin dictados en e
miento del Canal de Panama pr6ximamente. Las postulacior
trav&s de los directores de programas de adiestramiento antes
Curso y audiencia Fechas
La Experiencia de la Comunicaci6n (personal de
apoyo) .................................... 10-11 de julio
El Comunicador Competente I (Participantes del
MAP y empleados en grados NM-12 o superiores) 10-14 de julio
El Comunicador Competente II (graduados del
Comunicador Competente 1) .................. 17-19 de julio
Manual de Correspondencia de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama (personal de apoyo) .......... 17-21 dejulio
Redacci6n de Informes (todos los empleados) ..... 24-28 de julio
C6mo Planificar su Jubilaci6n (aquellos que planean
jubilarse en los Estados Unidos) ............... 26 de julio

C6mo Planificar su Jubilaci6n (aquellos que planean
jubilarse en Panama) ........................
Tkcnicas de Ensefianza del Trabajo (supervisores,
lideres y empleados responsables de adiestrar a
otros).... ...................................
Desarrolld del Supervisor I (nuevos supervisores)..

es sonar una campana dos veces para
indicar al prActico a bordo de la nave
que han visto sus sefiales.
Con las viejas locomotoras, cada
operador tenia su propio ayudante que
trabajaba los mismos turnos. Si se caia
la cufia en los viejos modelos, la
locomotora dejaba de funcionar y el
ayudante tenia que apearse y girar la
manivela para que arrancara de nuevo.

Concurso de fotografia
No olvide que el 31 dejulio es el
iltimo dia para inscribirse en el
concurso de fotografia conmemora-
tivo del 750 aniversario del Canal de
Panama. El tema es el Canal, su
operaci6n, las personas que lo hacen
funcionar y sus 75 afios de servicio al
comercio mundial. iHabrA premios
en efectivo; comience ya a fotogra-
fiar! Informaci6n sobre las reglas del
concurso aparece en los formularios
de inscripci6n, que pueden obtenerse
en el Ramo de Artes Graficas (en el
s6tano del Edificio de Administra-
ci6n en Altos de Balboa) y en la
Oficina del Mediador en el sector
Atlantico (Edificio 206 en Gatin).

Prohibida entrada a

poligono de artilleria

Las autoridades militares estadouni-
dmin. Traf. P 1 denses han emitido un aviso prohibien-
do la entrada al poligono de artilleria de
Balboa Oeste, un Area de 3 kil6metros
por 11 kil6metros, localizada a 3 kil6-
Esclusas P I
metros al norte de Nuevo Emperador.
cluso aquellos que tienen Las tripulaciones aereas'estin utili-
mbios a un grado menor. zando el area para realizar entrega de
gan la pericia ycapacidad material de guerra y adiestramiento de
e las posiciones anunciadas. Los tcticas, y las aeronaves podrian entrar
crdo con los reglamentos. en el area en cualquier momento sin
gualdad de Oportunidades. previo aviso para practicar con explo-
sives. Como no hay tiempo para
abandonar el area cuando una aeronave
lega sin previa notificaci6n, los intrusos
,a empleados estarian en grave peligro.
Entrar en el area o remover cualquier
I Centro de Adiestra- objeto de la misma no es s6lo peligroso
nes deberAn hacerse a sino ilegal. El ej6rcito ha avisado que a
Sdel plazo indicado. los infractores se les aplicaran las
Hora .imite maximas sanciones posibles.

7:30-11:30 19 de junio
8:00- 4:00 19 dejunio
8:00- 4:00 26 de junio
7:30-11:30 '26 dejunio
8:00- 4:00 3 de julio
8:00- 4:00

28 de julio 8:00-12:00 5 de julio

27 de julio 8:00- 4:00
28 de julio 1:00- 4:00

26-28 de julio 8:00- 4:00
31 de julio-
4 de agosto 8:00- 4:00

5 de julio

5 de julio
10 de julio

Hoy en dia, se necesitan finicamente dos
ayudantes para cuatro locomotoras.
Todo era mis complicado antes de la
adquisici6n de los nuevos modelos. Los
operadores tenian que operar tres
controles, dos para las maquinillas y
uno para la unidad de tracci6n. Las
mulas tenian dos cabinas, y los
operadores tenian que cambiarse de
cabina, a veces bajo la lluvia, para
colocarse en la misma direcci6n del
trinsito. Incluso, tenian que trasladar
consigo las maniguetas. Los nuevos
modelos se pueden mover en ambas
direcciones sin que el operador tenga
que cambiar de posici6n.
Las viejas locomotoras tenian frenos
manuales anticuados, mientras que las
nuevas tienen frenos de aire, facilitando
asi el detenerlas. Otra mejora que
complace a Bell y a Lowery, es la no
tener que cambiar el carrillo de contacto
que recibia la energia el&ctrica en los
viejos modelos. Otros problemas sur-
gian cuando los cables que se amarra-
ban a los barcos se enroscaban. La
soluci6n en estos casos era enderezar el
cable golpedndolo con un pedazo de
madera como un largo bate de b6isbol.
Aunque complacidos por las mejoras
en los modelos nuevos, Bell y Lowery
afn hablan favorablemente de los viejos
modelos, sefialando que sirvieron el
Canal con eficiencia durante muchos
afios. Ambos tambi6n esperan ansio-
samente su jubilaci6n. Bell planea
terminar sus 34 afios de servicio hoy y
Lowery, que ingres6 al Canal en 1952,
planea quedarse hasta fin de afio. Los
dos han trabajado en las trees esclusas.
pero Bell se estA jubilando en Pedro
Miguel, y Lowery en Miraflores.

Nuevo horario en
piscina de Balboa
El horario de la piscina de Balboa ha
sido cambiado durante los meses de
vacaciones escolares. Ahora la piscina
esta abierta de 9 a.m. a 5 p.m. los fines
de semana; de 9 a.m. a 6 p.m. los lunes,
mi6rcoles y viernes, y de 10a.m. a 9 p.m..
los martes y jueves.

Clases de nataci6n
Las matriculas para las clases de
nataci6n del Ramo para el Acondicio-
namiento Fisico del Empleado estarin
abiertas hasta el domingo en las piscinas
del la Comisi6n del Canal. Las clases se
inician el lunes y concluyen el 4 de
agosto. Para los horarios de las distintas
piscinas, Ilame al 52-5403 (Balboa), 52-
6417 (Los Rios), 56-6425 (Gamboa), 46-
7229 (Margarita), o 43-5233 (Gat6n).

Administrador de la Comisidn del Canal Subadministrador
Directora de Relaciones Pihblicas
Oficial de Prensa Directora
El SPILLWAY es una publicici6n oficial:del Canal de PIanaa. lLos articulos que en ella aparecen pueden ser reproducidos sin
pedir autoriacion. 6nicamenfe acreditando al SPILLWAY DEI. CANAL DE PANAMA como la .uente. Toda colahoracion
debe estar en la Oficina de Prensa antes del mediodia del jueves anterior a su publicaci6n. Despucs de esa fecha s6lo se aceptarin
noticias oficiales de urgencia. subscripciones de 52 ejemplards cucstan $6 per correo ordinario. S4 por corrco ordinario para
estudiantes y S19 por corrco areo. Envic cheque a giro postal a favor de In Comision del Canal de Panama. dirigido a la Oficina de
Informacion v Relaciones P ihlicas. APO Miami 34011-5000.

Paaina 2


Barco de pasajeros hace primer esclusaje

Un evento de gran importancia
ocurrido en el Canal de Panama a
principios dejunio de 1914 fueel primer
esclusaje realizado por un barco de
El vapor Allianca, del Ferrocarril de
Panama, transit6 por las Esclusas de
Gatin el 8 de junio, Ilevando a bordo
varios pasajeros ademas de algunos
oficiales y la tripulaci6n responsable de
la operaci6n. Al Ilegar a la entrada del
Atlantico, el barco fue remolcado a
trav6s de las esclusas por cuatro
locomotoras. Durante parte del viaje, se
colocaron dinam6metros en los cables
para calcular la fuerza de las maquinas
locomotoras. Una vez en el Lago
Gat6n, el Allianca dio la vuelta y
regres6 a las esclusas para realizar su
transito de regreso y volver al muelle de
La higiene public tambi6n conti-

S' 1iJ

nuaba recibiendo mucha atenci6n en el
Istmo. El uso de un modelo de basurero
de metal con tapa de cierre automatico
se hizo obligatorio, y las campafias de
inspecci6n de la leche y productos
derivados y la de vacunaci6n fueron
reforzadas para mejorar las condiciones
higi6nicas en la ciudad de Panama.
Como parte del nuevo programa
establecido por la Oficina de Salud de
Panama para salvaguardar la salud
pfiblica se cre6 un sistema de puntaje
que se utilizaba junto con las inspec-
ciones de las reposterias, restaurantes,
hoteles y otros lugares donde se
preparaba o servia comida o bebidas.
Los requisitos listados en la tarjeta
donde se Ilevaba el puntaje variaban
segfin el tipo de negocio, pero todos los
propietarios que no sacaran el puntaje
minimo despu6s de una inspecci6n eran
multados u obligados a cerrar el local.


Album de Foto por Armando De Gracia
Album de aniversario
Empleados de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento Richard Colonnette, Sixto
Gonzdlez, Rigoberto G6mez y Miguel Navarro admiran una copia del recien
distribuido dlbum alusivo al 750 aniversario del Canal de Panam6. A partir del
lunes, sepodrdn obtener copias adicionalespara los empleados, dependientesy
jubilados a $3 cada una (m6s $1 adicionalpara su envio, si se desea). Pueden ser
adquiridas de 9 a 11 a.m. y de 1 a 3 p.m. en la Oficina de Estadisticas
Demogrdficas (Oficina 15 en els6tano delEdificio de Administraci6n en Altos de
Balboa) o en la Oficina de Documentaci6n de Empleados y Cargo (Oficina 105
del Edificio de Administraci6n en Crist6bal). Se podrd adquirir un mdximo de 5
copias y se deberd presentar una tarjeta de identificaci6n.

Primer esclusaje de nave de pasajeros
El primer esclusaje de un barco de pasajeros es realizado por el "Allianca" el 8 de
junio de 1914 en Gatun.

j Temas de sal

La mejor herra

Por Fred Szymanski
,Cuanto pagaria Ud. por las herra-
mientas mas valiosas del mundo?
Herramientas que aprietan, agarran,
empujan, doblan, distinguen entre el
calor y el frio, y son sensibles al tacto. Es
imposible comprar estas herramientas,
ya que son nuestras propias manos.
Aunque las manos son sumamente
tiles, tambi6n son muy vulnerables. La
manera mas eficaz y com6n de
protegerlas es usando guantes. Los
guantes adecuados nos protegen contra
quemaduras, cortaduras, disolventes y
otros peligros. Pero si usamos guantes
inadecuados no las protegeremos, y
hasta podemos dafiar nuestras manos.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
cuenta con una gran variedad de
guantes para todo uso; asi pues
asegurese de usar el guante adecuado
para su trabajo. Su supervisor, el
especialista de seguridad de su unidad o

Anuncian proyecto

Bajo el proyecto CC-89-51 se cons-
truira una nueva instalaci6n para
distribuir combustible en Gatfn. El
costo se estima entre $25,000 y
$100,000, y la licitaci6n se abrira
alrededor del 3 dejulio. Los documen-
tos del contrato pueden obtenerse en la
Division de Ingenieria de la Comisi6n
del Canal de PanamA, Oficina 343 del
Edificio de Administraci6n, en Altos de
Balboa (tel6fono 52-7949 o modem 52-



d y seguridad

ienta a mano
el higienista industrial pueden ayudarle
a seleccionar sus guantes. Si tiene
dudas, pregunte.
A continuaci6n, algunas guias ge-
nerales, basadas en la naturaleza del
Soldadura: usar guantes de cuero
con pufios elasticos.
Corte de Madera: usar guantes
pesados y una varilla para empujar el
material cerca de la sierra.
Mezcla de pesticida o herbicida: usar
guantes de caucho pam evitar contacto
con la piel, y lavarse las manos
completamente al terminar de hacer las
Al usar perforadoras industriales,
correas, cadenas de transmisidn, mdqui-
nas de tornear y maquinria similar:
los guantes solos no le protegerin las
manos si quedan atrapadas por una
maquina en movimiento. Proteger las
manos en estos casos requiere estar
siempre atentos, colocar las correspon-
dientes barandillas de seguridad y usar
varillas para empujar el material tanto
como sea posible.
Exposicidn a disolventes, detergentes
y otros liquidos que causan problemas
dermatoldgicos: la aplicaci6n de cre-
mas protectoras puede proporcionar
una efectiva protecci6n.
Los accidentes no ocurren por causa
de las manos ni de las herramientas,
ocurren por la forma en que las usamos.
Debemos usar nuestro sentido com6n y
considerar las consecuencias de cada
una de nuestras acciones. Nuestras
manos son preciosas, y velaran por
nosotros si las cuidamos bien.
[EsiMl es ulll ersion collndcnsadad de un iarticulo prcparado por
S/ym;anski. esl cialista en segutridad y salud ocupacional. sobre el
tem;l de seguridald de ab il

(Viene de la pdgina 1)

de las Esclusas de Miraflores se iniciara
tan pronto como concluya el proyecto
en Gat6n. Entre otros temas que trat6
estAn las mejoras a la navegaci6n en la
entrada del Canal en el Pacifico, el
reacondicionamiento de las Esclusas de
Pedro Miguel e importantes contratos
de adquisici6n. Tambi6n anunci6 el
nombramiento de Franklin D. Castre-
ll6n y Kaye Richey en las posiciones de
directores asociados de la Oficina de
Para finalizar, el administrador
deline6 las dificultades que actualmente
confronta el personal de la Comisi6n.
"El desempefio constante de nuestros
empleados", dijo, "a pesar del conside-
rable sacrificio personal y la coacci6n
sicol6gica, es altamente loable y refleja
muy favorablemente su profesionalis-
mo y lealtad".

SFoto por Armando De Gracia
Ahorro de energia
El tdcnico en ingenieria eldctrica Jim Bradley y el primer electricista Jorge
Carrascohan ahorrado a laComisi6n del Canal de Panam6 alrededor de $118,440
anuales en gastos de electricidad y mantenimiento. Recientemente, Bradley
recibi6 un cheque de $2,495 por haber sugerido el uso de reflectores en las
ldmparas fluorescentes, reduciendo a la mitad el numero de focos y balastos
requeridos. Carrasco y su cuadrilla han estado instalando los reflectores en el
Edificio de Administraci6n y otras dependencias de la Comisi6n.

Se recuerda a los empleados
de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama que los reglamentos
federales para viajar generalmen-
te excluyen el embarque de ve-
hiculos fabricados en el extranjero
hacia los Estados Unidos a expen-
sas del gobierno. En algunos
casos, la agencia puede autorizar
este tipo de embarque. Para
mayor informaci6n, los emplea-
dos interesados deben Ilamar al
Ramo de Servicios de Transporte
al 52-7845.
El Ramo para el Acondiciona-
miento Fisico del Empleado de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
invita al p6blico a la gran apertura
del gimnasio de Margarita el lunes 5
de junio. La ceremonia de inaugura-
ci6n se iniciard a las 5 p.m. El horario
regular del gimnasio seri de 3 a 9
p.m. de lunes a vieres y de 10 a.m. a
4 p.m. los sabados.

Viernes 2 de junio de 1989

Pagina 3

Pa-ainadon d'4insPiLWY EL CANAL iDEANaMA Vienes 2de junao dm198


El Canal

como ellos

lo ven ...
Cuando la maestra Janet Rogers
decidi6 escoger el Canal de Panama
como el tema del proyecto para su clase,
pidi6 ayuda a John Tyson, padre de
uno de sus alumnos en la Escuela
Cat6lica St. Joseph en Hertfordshire,
Inglaterra. Tyson es gerente de riesgos
de Citicorp, corredor de la p6liza de
seguros catastr6ficos de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama, y su trabajo lo obliga
a viajar a Panama varias veces al afio.
Con la ayuda de una pelicula y una
presentaci6n de diapositivas preparadas
por el Ramo de Artes Graficas de la
Comisi6n, ofreci6 a los estudiantes una
introducci6n a la pintoresca historia del
Canal y sus actuales operaciones.
Tyson trajo a Panama los resultados
del proyecto y se los mostr6 al
Subadministrador Fernando Manfre-
do, Jr., quien envi6 una carta a la
maestra, felicitando a los niflos de 10 y
11 afios de edad por sus "altos niveles de
creatividad, imaginaci6n y talento
El Spillway tambi6n tuvo la oportu-
nidad de dar un vistazo al proyecto y
copiar algunos de los comentarios de los
nifios para compartirlos con nuestros
lectores. Se hicieron algmnos cambios
.editoriales para efectos de.claridad y
brevedad. Esperamos que los hijos de
los empleados de la Comisi6n se
inspiren y comiencen a enviarnos sus
propios poemas, obras de arte, cuentos
y otras obras maestras acerca del Canal
para su publicaci6n en la edici6n del 750
Manos a la obra, nifios, y envien su
trabajo antes del 30dejunio. No olviden
incluir su nombre y edad, el nombre de
su padre que trabaje en la Comisi6n y su
Mientras tanto, esperamos que nuestros
lectores aprecien estos comentarios de
los estudiantes ingleses a la derecha
y debajo.

Por Edward Whisker

Cada barco tiene un prdctico que le
dice si debe girar a la izquierda o a la
derecha o si seguir adelante. Le quitan el
barco al capitdn porque ellos tienen
mucha experiencia.
Sophie Ryan

A los capitanes de barcos militares
esDecialmente no les usta entregar sus

barcos a diferentes practice

Cristdbal Coldn fue
divisar a Panamd, aun
buscando a Panamd; esta

"Traigan a Balboa'"
"Balboa, debes ir a una
Panamd y excavar un c
nuestros barcos puedan
De modo que Balboaj
excavar el canal. Se llev
Jim v a Joe. De repel
tambores. "Buda buda
Estaban rodeados de in
vese quien pueda'. Balbo
siguiente, de vuelta en E
dijo que fue imposible.



a ti
v6 t

Me doy cuenta lo dificil que fue
construir un canal en Panamd. Habia
sabido hasta ahora que los mosquitos
picaban todo .y a todos. Era imposible
mantener a los hombres interesados en
su trabajo, era como si uno tuviera que
regresar a Francia en desgracia.
Rachel Knox

9s. Francia casi queda en bancarrotapor
Zoe Jarrett pdgar a los hombres y comprar el
equipo equivocado, asi es que sefueron
Y lo dejaron. Luego, los buenos
primero en americanos vinieron y construveron el
e no estaba canal, y ahoratenemoselcanalpara que
Sbuscando a lo use todo el mundo-gracias a los
buenos americanos.
Richardson Marzella Di Giovanni
El presidente en ese entonces era
erra Ilamada. Teddy Roosevelt. El asustd a todos los
al para que animales salvajes, asi es que no habia
sar' peligro de trabajar alli.
a Panamd a Adrian Wood

a Domingo,
se oYeron

Primero tuvimos que conquistar la
espesa selva. Para lograrlo, tuvimos que

No habiamos avanzado mucho
cuando escuchamos un zumbido. Era
un colibri que chupaba el nictar de una
flor. El tucdn con su largo pico nos vold
por encima. Extendid su pico para
alcanzar un jugoso mango de una rama
delgada. Una serpiente venenosa subid
al drbol detrds de nosotros. Los
mosquitos volaban alrededor de noso-
tros. Nuestrasfrentes sudaban.
Teresa Leritti

Caminamos, esperanzados de que
nada pasaria, pero nuestra suerte se
habia agotado. David Thompson se
estaba hundiendo.
"iQud pasa?" gritd mi madre.
Uno a uno, nos fuimos hundiendo
hasta que finalmente fui 'o el iltimo
que quedaba. Corr a traer unos
indigenas, pero cuando regresamos al
pantano, mi familia y amigos habian
desaparecido. Addnde sefueron, no lo
sd. Y no espero poder averiguarlo
Kevin Oliver

iQuW tiene codos pero no tiene
iPuertas de hierro sin maniguetas?
SY se extiende por muchas millas?
iQue tiene cdmaras que no toman
jEscaleras sin barandillas?
i Y mulas que no comen hierba?

El Canal de Panama

Por Emma Corbett

Comenzaron a excavar, pero como
no tenian ni aviones ni helicdpteros no
pudieron ver addnde iban. Asi es que
pronto comenzaron a ir por el camino
Anna Sweetman

El Diario de

Mick Santiago

1 de agosto de 1904

El calor es intenso. Hay moscas por
todas partes. Tengo una semana de
estar aqui, y a he visto a tres personas
morir. Ademds del calor, el aire esid
cargado de humedad. Es peor que estar
en un criadero de mariposas. Las
liendas estdn sucias v apretujadas. La
comida es repugnante, pero supongo
que me acostumbrare. Hasta ahora no
ha habido escasez de agua.

2 de agosto
Hoy vamos a despejar el terreno-en
grupos. Mi grupo es el siguiente: y'o,
Tucky (Jack Tucker), Dingy (Rob
Floater) y Crunky (no si cudl es su
verdadero nombre).
Una descripcidn de Io que ocurrid: El
camidn avanzaba estruendosamente a
travis de la maleza, haciendo a los
murciilagos chillar y a los monos
columpiarse de rama en rama hasta
alejarse. Una serpiente colgaba de tun
drbol siseando. La selva es un lugar
fantdstico, pero a la vez aterrador.
Cerca de la hora del almuerzo Ilegamos
al drea que teniamos que despejar.
Descargamos las sierras de cadena y' de
rotor. Trabajamos aproximadamente

una hora y luego paramos para tomar
un descanso--t y' emparedados. Tra-
bajamos otra hora y de pronto tuvimos
que correr a refugiarnos en el camidn.
Comenzaba a I/over fuertemente.
Cuando escampd nos bajamos del
camidn. El suelo estaba mojado y
resbaloso, siendo casi imposible traba-
jarlo. Seguimos trabajando durante
otra hora y entonces nos dimos por
vencidos. Nos subhios al camidn r
echamos a andar el motor. Tucky
oprimnd el pedal, pero el camion no se
movia. Nos bajamos del camidn y nos
dimos cuenta que las ruedas del camidn
se habian hundido en el lodo. Tratamos
de emp ujar el camidn pero fue en vano.
Serd un largo camino a casa.

3 de agosto

Hoy continuamos nuestra caminata
de regreso a casa despuds de pasar la
noche en un drbol. Crunky se quejaba
de escalofrios. A medida que transcu-
rria el dia, Crunky empeoraba.. No
estdbamos perdidos porque veniamos
siguiendo el camino que habia hecho el
camidn. Al caer la noche, Crunky
sudaba muchisimo y se quejaba de su
corazdn. Eva noche murid. Lo enterra-
mos lo mejor que pudimos. Unimos dos
pedazos de madera para hacer una cruz.
Dingr' saco su armdnica y tocd unas
estro/as del himno "Amazing Grace".

Por David McKenna

buda buda'" conseguir mds provisiones para matar a El lugar mds dificil de excavarfue el
idigenas. "Sdl- los mosquitos y a los bichos. Yo lepedi Corte Culebra porque siempre Ilueve a
a huyd. Al dia al general que consiguiera el equipo las 2 p.m. en Panamd, toda la tierra se
spafia, Balboa apenas una culebra picd a mi mejor cayd de nuevo. Todavia tienen proble-
amigo y se murid. mas alld, pero se las arreglan.
James Badger Amanda McDowall Melissa Suggitt


Viernes 2 de junio de 1989

Paiina 4

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