Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: April 15, 1988
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00089
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text

Raven named senior economist

Six more years Photo by Arthur Pollack
After reenlisting for six more years in the United States Army on top of a Panama
Canal miter gate leaf, Spec. Douglas Eagle, second from left, is congratulated by
Lt. Marcus Anderson. Eagle reenlisted on Miraflores Locks because he wanted to
remember the occasion. Eagle, who has three years of service in the Canal area, is
married to a Panamanian, Dalys, who also attended the ceremony. Sgt. Joseph
Zirkle was the bannerman.

Secretaries Week events set
With a diverse slate of activities
organized by the Office of Personnel
Administration's Human Resources
Development staff, the Panama Canal
Commission will celebrate Secretaries
Week from April 25 through April 29.
Among the scheduled events is a
video seminar entitled "The Promotable
Secretary," presented from 7:30 to 11:30
a.m. throughout the week at the
I Panama Canal Training Center by
L Employee Development Specialists
SMayra C. Baez and Virginia M.
.; a Hernandez.
A luncheon will be held in the Canal
Room of the Fort Amador Officers'
Club from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. on
Human Resources Development Staff April 26 and PCC Administrator D. P.
personnel clerk Belinda Mariscal dis- McAuliffe, Deputy Administrator Fer-
plays one of the six posters she nando Manfredo Jr. and the Adminis-
designed for Secretaries Week, ob-
served from April 25 through April 29. trator's secretary Maria Luisa Langman
Although she has never taken an art Charles will be the invited speakers.
class, her co-workers knew of her A fashion show by Ellen Breebaart
talent and encouraged her to design and a happy hour will top off the week's
the posters. Mariscal is an advertising activities in the Las Perlas Hall of the
major in the University of Panama and ro o
wants to continue studying in the Union Club from 5:30 to 8 p.m. on
United States towards an advanced Thursday, April 28.
graphic design and merchandising For more information, call Virginia
degree. Hernandez at 52-4155.

IRS requires dependent SSN

The following article wasprepared by
the Internal Revenue Service.
As a result of the Tax Reform Act of
1986, a taxpayer claiming a dependent
who is at least 5 years old must include
that dependent's taxpayer identification
number on the tax return. For most
individuals, this number is the social
security number. This new law is

effective beginning with 1987 tax
If the dependent has a social security
number, but the taxpayer does not
know what it is, the taxpayer should
contact a Social Security administra-
tion office.
To get a social security number, a
dependent must have evidence of date
of birth, U.S. citizenship or legal alien
status and identity. A public, hospital or
religious birth record is generally
sufficient for the first two requirements.
A school record and certain other
documents can be used for proof of
identity. For more information, tax-
payers in Panama should request the
free leaflet, Applying for a Social
Security Number, from the U.S.

With a career marked by persever-
ance and leading to success, Melba A.
Raven has been appointed senior
economist, NM-13, in the Economic
Research and Market Development
Division of the Office of Executive
Planning. She began working in her
new post on Monday, April 10. The
appointment of Raven to this extremely
important and critical position is
another milestone in the advancement
of well-trained and qualified Panama-
nian employees to high level positions in
the Panama Canal Commission.
Raven started her Panama Canal
career on a totally different track. From
1965 to 1980 she was employed by the
Public Affairs Office where she held a
diversity of positions such as translator
for the SPILLWAY and The Panama
Canal Review, public events organizer,
secretary to the director and Panama
Canal guide.
Born in Chiriqui and living her
childhood in Colon, Raven attended the
University of Panama. In 1975, she
earned her bachelor's degree in eco-
nomics with a minor in Business
Administration from the Panama
Chapter of the Florida State University.
Raven later enrolled in Oklahoma
University to continue her graduate
education in economics and in 1980 was
selected as an economist in the
Economic Research and Market De-
velopment Division. While employed
with the Office of Executive Planning,
she has participated in several intema-

tional maritime and transportation
conferences and completed a number of
Panama Canal Commission manage-
ment training courses.
Raven finds her work in the
economics section of the Commission
very interesting and enjoyable. In her
new position, Raven will be directly
responsible for the preparation of a
wide range of economics activities
including the development of agency
budget premises and forecasts of
Panama Canal traffic tolls revenue,
development of many special studies
associated with the economics of Canal
traffic, and the preparation of briefings
and presentations on various areas of
-Canal traffic.
Raven says what she likes most about
the Economic Research and Market
Development Division is the highly
productive work atmosphere. "Every-
body here likes to work and thoroughly
enjoys the work they are doing," she


Melba A. Raven

Engineering projects announced

The Panama Canal Commission
Engineering Division has announced
three new projects. Copies of pertinent
documents are available in Room 343
of the Administration Building in
Balboa Heights.
Project CC-88-72 is for installing
revetment overlay at the.Paraiso tie-up
station. The estimated price range is
from $25,000 to $100,000 and bids will
open on April 25.

Project CC-88-31 is to re-roof
buildings and install siding on sliding
doors. The estimated price range is from
$100,000 to $250,000, and offers should
be received by 11 a.m., on April 28.
Project CC-88-27 is for replacing
water system water tanks level tele-
metering. The estimated price range is
from $250,000 to $500,000, and offers
should be received by 1 p.m., on
May 23.

How's the Canal doing?

The following statistics reflect Panama Canal operations and usage
for the month of March:
Average oceangoing transits-37.0 ships per day
Average ready backlog-23.7 ships
Average Canal waters time-27.7 hours
(including transit time)
Ships with beams over 80 feet-45.7 percent
Ships with beams over 100 feet-21.8 percent
Due to an increase in transit numbers and a larger percentage of
wide-beam vessels, tolls revenue for the first six months of fiscal year
1988-from October 1987 to March 1988-was 5 percent above the
same period last fiscal year.
The new Commission tug "Lider" reached Canal waters on March
10 and has been in full service since March 13. This new tug is one more
element in the continuing program to modernize and improve the Canal
towboat fleet.


Friday, April 15, 1988

Astronomy Club meeting
The Panama Canal Area Astronomy
Club will hold a business meeting at
7:30 p.m., Tuesday, April 19, at the
Panama Canal Training Center. For
more information, call 52-2875.

Bethel Church
The United Gospel Church invites
the public to attend the rescheduled
celebration of the 26th anniversary of
Bethel Church in Paraiso at 6 p.m.,
Friday, April 22. Three choirs will
perform and the Rev. Louis A. Sealy
will be the main speaker of the evening.

ICC meeting
The Isthmian College Club will meet
at 4 p.m., Tuesday, April 19, at 123
Balboa Heights. Local artist Lori
Gibson will be the guest speaker. All
members are asked to bring non-
perishable food items and clothing.
Those not attending can send donations
with another member or call Anne
Muse at 60-7496.

Chess for children
A chess course for children will be
offered from 10 a.m. to noon on
Saturday from April 23 through
May 28 at the 1985 Restaurant located
off Eusebio..A. Morales Avenue, in El
Cangrejo..- The. bilingual course for
children between 5 and 12 years old will
include an introduction to computer
chess. For advance registration or more
information, call Julio Cordones at 63-
8541 or 63-8571.

Wants to set record
David, a seven-year-old boy from
England who is dying of cancer, wants
to enter the Guinness Book of World
Records as the boy who received the
most postcards. Anyone wishing to help
him can send a postcard to: David, c/o
Miss M.C. Williams, St. Martin De
Porres Infants School. Pastureways,
LUTON, Bedfordshire, England.

Surplus sale
The Defense Reutilization and Mar-'
keting Office will conduct a surplus sale
on April 21 at Building 745, Corozal.
Customers may inspect property from
9 a.m. to 2:30 p.m., from April 18
through 20. Bidder registration will
begin at 7 a.m. the day of the sale. Items
for sale include medical equipment,
chairs, cots, cabinets, vehicles, forklifts,
scales, tents, beds and other miscel--
laneous goods.

Cafetorium concert
The 79th Army Band and the Balboa
High School Symphonic Band will
perform at 7:30 p.m. on Thursday,
April 28, in the Curundu Junior High
School Cafetorium. The program will
feature music by John Williams, Anne
McGinty, John Philip Sousa and Peter
Schikele, as well as a medley of 70's pop
music. Admission is free.

Fishing tourney
Anglers can enter the 13th annual
Roy Rinehart Fishing Tournament
through the Panama Canal Tarpon
Club, the tourney sponsor. The event is
underway and continues until midnight
on Thursday, June 30. Entries
salt-water fish caught in the Atlantic
and prizes will be awarded in the angler,
ladies and novice classes. For more
information, call Sid Coffin at 43-5367
or Robert Lawrence at 43-5458.

.- a --

"The gang's all here Photo by Jennifer Jones
"The gang's all here!"
The 12 employees who make up the New Orleans Branch are, from left, W. H.
Breaden, Roland Johnson, Phern W. Pannia, Cynthia Gillard, Barbara Parr,
Rebecca R. Croft, T. C. Donner, Monika Mimms, Jean Piediscalzo, Joby G.
Chapotel, Ann P. Bairnsfather and G. P. Risberg.

New Orleans Branch

Far from Canal, yet near in heart

Workingfor the Panama Canal is not
necessarily synonymous with working
at the Panama Canal. Just ask the 12
Logistical Support Division staff mem-
bers that work in the New Orleans
Branch office.
Although practically all of these
Panama Canal Commission employees
have visited Panama, only three-Chief
G. P. Risberg, W. H. Breaden and
Rebecca R. Croft-are from here.
However, despite their distance from
the Canal, they feel a sense of identity
with the waterway and play an
important role in supporting its opera-
The primary responsibilities of the.
New Orleans office are cargo and traffic
management, procurement, financial
studies and market surveys. The office
also expedites the movement of mer-

chandise through the New Orleans area,
works with suppliers and other govern-
ment agencies in arranging for inspec-
tion and shipment of goods and
represents the Logistical Support Divi-
sion in the United States.
Risberg says that although his office
does business with firms all over the
United States, most of their procure-
ments are made in the Louisiana area.
Furthermore, the majority are for small
dollar amounts. "Ninety-nine percent of
our business is for items under $25,000,"
he explains.
The New Orleans office also serves as
a contact point for Commission
suppliers in the United States. Commis-
sion personnel- in Panama, however,
should deal with the Logistical Support
Division itself rather than directly with
the New Orleans Branch.

EEO seeks employee counselors


''- -

S -

Photo courtesy of the Employee Fitness Branch
Swim class
Santiago Mendoza, a water safety instructor at Margarita Pool, explains arm, leg
and breathing coordination to students enrolled in the Panama Canal
Commission Employee Fitness Branch dry season swim class program.


Spillway jk

Administrator, Panama Canal Commission Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs Deputy Director of Public Affairs
Press Officer Acting Editor
The SPILLWAY is an official Panama Canal publication. Articles may be reprinted without further permission by crediting
the PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY as the source. News items should arrive in the Press Office by noon, Thursday, the week
prior to publication. Only urgent, official material will be accepted after the deadline. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 regular mail,
$4 regular mail students and $19 airmail. Send check or money order payable to the Panama Canal Commission to the Office of
Public Affairs, APO Miami 34011-5000.

The Office of Equal Opportunity is
seeking Panama Canal Commission
employees to serve as equal employ-
ment opportunity (EEO) counselors.
Candidates can apply by submitting a
letter through their supervisors to the
equal opportunity director no later than
April 30. Upon selection of the coun-
selor, formal training and orientation in
counseling techniques is arranged by the
Office of Equal Opportunity. The
employee should receive full support
from supervisors in the performance of
his or her counseling duties.
EEO counselors must provide an
open and sympathetic channel to
handle complaints based on allegations
of discrimination on the basis of race,
color, religion, sex, national origin, age,

and physical or mental handicap.
The counselor's duties are collateral
with his or her regular responsibility
and are documented in the position
description. The assignment, however,
does not constitute a grade controlling
duty or responsibility and is limited to
less than 20 percent of the employee's
work time.
The EEO counselor must keep the
confidence of employees and managers,
and therefore, should not represent
either one during a discrimination
complaint process. Likewise, those
normally representing employees for
other reasons should not serve as EEO
counselors. For more information, call
Ingeborg Kincaid or Vielka Sowley at
52-3638 or 52-7415.

Math contest held recently

The fourth annual Mathcounts
competition, sponsored locally by the
Department of Defense Dependents
Schools (DODDS), was held recently at
Curundu Junior High School. Aiming
to reverse the trend of declining math
skills at the pre-college level, the
nationwide event consists of individual
and team written examinations and
individual oral competition.

The written individual competition
was won by Yukata Sasagawa, while
Edmund Howell, Derek Henderson
and Carlos Lam took second, third and

fourth place, respectively. Derek is the
son of Panama Canal Commission
Data Processing Division computer
system analyst James E. Henderson.
The members of the winning team were
Yukata Sasagawa, Edmundo Howell,
Derek Henderson and Mathew Robert-
Yukata Sasagawa also took top
honors in the oral individual contest,
while Derek Henderson placed second,
Edmund Howell third, and Carlos Lam
fourth. This category required a seven-
minute presentation and cross-ques-
tioning before a panel of judges.

Paae 2

- -~-

Friday, April 15, 1988


A tale of two cities. Panama style

Quiz time: About 60 kilometers northwest of Cape San Bias, you cross Canal
Avenue, see a sign for El Panama Motel and park your pickup by the Balboa
Building. Where are you?
The answer, believe it or not, is
Florida-Panama City, Fla., to be PANAMA CITY
George West, the area's first devel-
oper, gave the town its name, pre-
sumably inspired by the canal con-
struction effort. And, as is often the
case when sons are named after
their fathers, some confusion has re-
sulted. Many a Panama Canal employee
traveling in the United States has become
exasperated with strangers who insist
that Panama is in Florida. At times
like these, remembering that it was more likely West's intent to honor than to
frustrate us may make our cross easier to bear.
Besides its title, Florida's Panama City has much in common with its namesake.
For one thing, both have a strong maritime flavor. The Florida version has a
landlocked harbor on the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, and Port Panama City
on the Gulf of Mexico handles international trade. Furthermore, Port Panama
City hosts one of the United States' top five general-purpose foreign trade zones in
terms of merchandise value.
Both areas have also attracted the U.S. military, which has, in turn, provided
employment for large numbers of residents. Military operations around Panama

City, Fla., generate an annual payroll in excess of $220 million.
Similarities in the two areas are visible not only in how people earn their living,
but also in how they spend their free time. The rich beauty of both make them
natural tourist attractions, particularly along their coasts. Regardless of whether
they're in Panama or Florida, many Panama City residents enjoy golfing, tennis,
swimming, skiing, sailing, wind-surfing, snorkeling and diving. Fishing is also a
favorite, and anglers in both locations seem to be after pretty much the same
things-namely, sailfish, marlin, wahoo, tarpon and an occasional shark.
Like the Panamanian edition, the weather in Florida's Panama City allows
outdoor enthusiasts to enjoy these activities virtually year-round. The temperature
rarely drops below 40 degrees Fahrenheit or rises above 90, with an average near 53
in January and 81 in August.
The first known inhabitants of the area around Panama City, Fla., were Amer-
ican Indians, but they were decimated after Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th
and 17th centuries. The Creeks moved in during the early 1900s, and their descen-
dants have remained.
The English first settled in the area around 1765, and it attracted many British
loyalists during the Revolutionary War. More pioneers began arriving about 1850,
and by the time of the Civil War, a salt plant had been established to serve the
Confederacy. Union raids destroyed the plant in 1863, but growth of the area
continued as many veterans retired there after the war. Panama City was laid out in
1888 and incorporated in 1909, but still another war was to play an important role
in its development.
Panama City became a major shipbuilding and industrial center during World
War II, and thousands of workers flocked in from all over the United States. Its
current population is close to 35,000, with about 4,000 more people living in
Panama City Beach.

Position Vacancy List
for Panama Canal Commission and other
U.S. government agency employees only

Permanent positions salaries*
Accountant/operating accountant. NM-7/9, (Only
PCC employees will be considered) ....... $8.97/$10.98
Administrative officer, NM-9 (Bilingual) (Em-
ployee relations and personnel experience re-
quired. Only PCC employees will be considered)$10.98/$14.27
Anchorage coordinator, NM-3/5 (Knowledge of
Morse Code required at NM-5 level, desirable at
NM-4 level. Knowledge of radio communica-
tions required at the NM-4 level. Shift work
required. Only PCC employees will be con-
sidered) . ... .. . . . $.4.55/$6.84
Budget assistant, NM-7 . . . . $8.97/$11.66
Civil engineer, NM-II (Knowledge of Spanish,
swimming ability and driver's license required.
Only PCC employees will be considered) . $13.28/$17.26
Clerk-typist, NM-3 . . . . . . $4.55/$5.77
Contract specialist, NM-7/9 (Freight rate expe-
rience required) . . . . . . .. $8.97/$10.98
Contract specialist, NM-7/9 (Freight rate expe-
rience desirable) . . . . . .. $8.97/$10.98
Economist, NM-7/11 . ............ $8.97/$13.28
Mate trainee, towboat, FE-7 (Knowledge of
English, swimming ability and shift work
required) . . . . . . . .. $12.99/$15.15
Mobile equipment service, MG-5 (Driver's license
required) . . . . . . . .. $4.15/$4.43
Mobile equipment metal mechanic, MG-10
(Driver's license required) . . . .. $10.56/$12.32
Painting worker, MG-7 (Sandblasting experience
desirable) .... . . . . $4.59/$4.90
Painter foreman, MS-9 (Driver's license and shift
work required) . . . . . . $9.42/$11.00
Pilot support clerk, NM-4 (Shift work required) $4.98/$6.30
Rigger, MG-10 (Swimming ability and shift work
required) ...... . . . . $10.56/$12.32
Rotation and scheduling clerk, NM-4 (Knowledge
of Spanish desirable. Shift work required) . $4.98/$6.30
Supervisory civil engineer, NM-12 . . .. .. 15.92/$20.69
Time and leave clerk, N M-4 (Knowledge of Spanish
required) . . . . . . $4.98/$6.30
Upward mobility opportunity
(Not to exceed one year)
Mechanical engineer, NM-7/II1 (Swimming ability
required. Only PCC Employees will be con-
sidered) . . . . . . . . .
Temporary positions
(Not to exceed one year)
General engineer (Plant), NM-12 (Swimming ability
required and driver's license required. Only PCC
employees will be considered) . . . $15.92/$20.69

Unit tlon

Fin. Mgmt. P

Maintenance P

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a :.z;-~
'~" :; .I
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- '
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E-: ;~P
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Traffic Mgmt. P
Motor Transp. P

Engineering P
Motor Transp. P

Admin. Svcs. P

Admin. Svcs. P
Exec. Plan. P

Maritime Tng. P

City Beach

Located on
the Florida.
panhandle, Gulf
Coast beaches
are one of the
main attractions
of the Panama
City area.

Photo by
Jennifer Jones

Motor Transp.

Motor Transp.

Industrial A 1

Dredging P I
Canal Svcs. P 1


Pilot Div.



Locks P

Applications must be submitted to the Employment and Placement Branch, Building 366,
Ancon, or Building 7998, Margarita, on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven
days from the date of this publication. Qualification standards may be reviewed at the Panama
Canal Commission Technical Resources Center. Further information may be obtained from the
Employment and Placement Branch, telephone 52-3583, 52-7996 or 46-7219.
* The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades ol positionsadvertised. Employees selected will
be placed in the appropriate step and wage base in accordance with regulations.
i-The selected will train to qualify for the target occupation and grade while occupying his/her actual position. Here will he no
vacant position for the graduated employee. unless competitive procedures are followed.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

May training courses scheduled

The Employee and Management Development Branch has announced the
P I schedule of training courses offered to Panama Canal Commission employees in the
P I month of May. All courses will meet in the Panama Canal Training Center from 8

p I a.m. to 4 p.m., with the exception of the Communication Experience and the
Timekeeping Workshop for Administrative Personnel courses, which will meet from
7:30 to 11:30 a.m., and the Planning for Retirement course, which will be offered in
the Atlantic side.

Course (and target audience) Dates
The Communication Experience (Office support staff) ................ 5/3-6
Timekeeping Workshop for Administrative Personnel (Administrative
support) .......................................... ......... 5/3-6
Communication Excellence (MAP participants) ...................... 5/10-12
Personnel Management for Supervisors (Supervisors)................. 5/10-13
Management Analysis and Review (Management and program analysts) 5/16-18
Presenting Data with Graphs and Tables (Primary users).............. 5/16-18
HRD Macro Analysis (Employee development specialists and training
instructors).................................................... 5/18-20
Training Techniques for Adult Learning (Training instructors) ......... 5/23-24
Behavioral Aspects of Government Audit (Auditors).................. 5/23-24
Principles of Acquisition for COR ................................. 5/23-27
Management Brief: MAP Time Management (MAP participants) ...... 5/25
Planning for Retirement (All employees) ........................... 5/25-26
Management Principles of Government Audit (Auditors).............. -5/25-27

Page 3

Reform your body, mind through exercise
By Joaquin Horna

"One more time, just one more time," the man seemed to be thinking as he
pumped the 70-pound iron, the extreme effort distorting the muscles of his face. He
completed the 15th repetition, slowly rose from the chest-press machine and left the
Diablo weight room-known by many as the "torture chamber". Dragging his
breath and leaving a trail of sweat on the floor, he walked several minutes to cool
down before hitting the showers. Twenty minutes later he was back on the job,
working with more energy than when he started his shift after seven hours' sleep.
Like this man, many Panama Canal Commission employees take advantage of
Employee Fitness Branch facilities to exercise during the lunch hour. Julio Sinclair,
supervisory aquatic sports specialist, reports they have special programs for em-
ployees who exercise instead of eating. "We know the time is short, so we reserve
our pools and gyms
for them."
Staying in shape
requires exercising for a li-d n i ta
at least 15 minutes ily
regularly. During one- .
hour lunch periods,
employees can usually
work out for 25 or 30 .-,
minutes, with the rest -
of the time spent trav- I Many Canal employees find it more convenient to
evening and in the work out during lunchtime and the Diablo Gym
locker room. The exer- provides them with an assortment of weight-lifting
cise period should be and other physical fitness equipment.
divided into warming-up, exercising and cooling-down phases. "Warming up takes
no more than five minutes in Panama's tropical heat," Sinclair says. This can be
done by stretching and a little jogging.
The exercise, or work-out period, should include physical activities like swim-
ming, jogging, basketball, volleyball, weight lifting, calisthenics or aerobic dancing.
These exercises benefit men and women of all ages by toning the body, decreasing
the pulse rate, lowering cholesterol levels
and reducing weight. Occupational health According to a Gallup Poll, 62
officer Dr. Maria Antoniadis advises
against exercising under the noonday sun
to avoid serious health problems-- more energetic at work .. 43
including heat strokes-but adds that percent more creative.
indoor exercises are all right.
After exercising, it is best to wait until pulse, breath and perspiration rates go
down before heading for the shower. This is done by gradually decreasing body
movements in much the same way as they were increased prior to exercising. This
keeps the blood circulating, helps prevent dizziness and unwinds the system.
According to a 1987 Gallup Poll, 62 percent of regular exercisers felt more
energetic at work, while only 8 percent said they felt less energetic. And 43 percent
said they felt more creative, while only 1 percent felt less so. Locally, Employee
Fitness Branch personnel have received reports from employees who have noticed
improvements in their attitudes. after exercising for a period of time. "Age and
physical shape don't matter," Sinclair states, "because each individual is going to
follow a program suited to his or her condition."
Almost all big com-
panies in Japan pro-
vide employees with
exercise areas and pro-
grams because they
feel workers will do a
better job if they are in 7
good shape. "Instead
of coffee breaks, the plRl..
Japanese take exer-.
cise breaks," Employee
Fitness Branch Chief ,
Jos6 Ja6n says. Many I
big companies in the
United States now
offer similar facilities to their employees,
and even the federal government is One, two. .. cha, cha, ch
imitating this practice. Last year, the
General Services Administration approved -.....
regulations that enabled federal build-
ings to be equipped with physical fit-
ness facilities, justifying them on

and health. Ja6n reports that a new
weight-room will be built in the Balboa
Youth Center, near many Canal
Studies indicate that first thing in the
morning may be best for burning fat,. :
because the body draws on stored fat
when blood-sugar levels are low after
an all-night fast. On the other hand,
calories absorbed by the body after a --4

meal can be cut by as much as 15 percent with mild exercise, like walking, an hour
after that meal. The best time to work out, however, is whenever it can be done
After working out, it is best to wait at least one hour before eating. "After a
heavy workout you should eat lighter than usual," says Antoniadis, recommending
proteins, salad, fruits and water. "Exercising helps reduce hunger and causes you to
eat less, especially if followed with a big glass of water at room temperature."

Eat lunch with a punch every day

Why do we feel sleepy after a hearty lunch? According to "Lunch With a
Punch," an article in the July 1987 issue of the Body Bulletin, there is a strong
connection between food and mood.
The problem with the hearty lunch, says Dr. Judith Wurtman, author of
"Managing Your Mind and Mood Through Food," is that it overloads the diges-
tive system to the point of causing fatigue. When too much blood is committed to
the stomach and intestines for digestion, less goes to the working muscles and
brain. The light lunch is the right lunch, she
For the average person, a lunch of between
300 and 600 calories is probably best. A lunch C
composed of a steak sandwich, french fries and
a mug of beer amounts to about 1,100
calories-considered a "sleeping pill" by
More important than how much we eat is
what we eat. A lunch that can slow a person
down instead of energizing includes creamy
soups and chowders; fast food hamburgers
topped with bacon, cheese and mayonnaise-
style sauce; batter-dipped fried foods; and fatty
salad ingredients like avocados, anchovies, bacon
bits and sour cream.
"A lunch full of fats or carbohydrates may
interfere with the afternoon work," Panama
Canal Commission occupational health officer
Dr. Maria Antoniadis says. "Lunch in the Cartoon by Jaime Gutihrrez
Too much eating at lunch may
middle of a workday should be appropriate to decrease uork performance in
keep alert, especially in Panama's hot climate." the afternoon.
Lunch should below in fat. A fatty lunch requires a lot of energy to digest. Add
alcohol and you have a problem. "Alcohol might make you feel stimulated initially,
but within a few minutes you'll feel sedated," says Dr. Wurtman. "I wouldn't
recommend drinking at lunch for anybody except someone demonstrating sleep
Protein, not carbohydrate foods, are the best energizers. Carbohydrates cause
the brain to produce a relaxing chemical called serotonin. Protein, on the other
hand, causes the brain to produce the mental energizers dopamine and norepine-
phrine. "That's why certain foods make you feel heavy and sleepy, while others
make you feel light and alert," Dr. Antoniadis reports.

S Employees enjoy
aerobic exercises at
the Diablo
playshelter during
their lunch hour.
Starting next week,
the Employee Fitness
'qwmt Branch will also offer
three aerobics
classes at 3:45, 4:45
and 5:45 p.m.
Considered a tough
exercise by sports
Enthusiasts, aerobics
increase flexibility
and resistance.

Photos by
I Arthur Pollack

A "lunch with a punch" should
include at least one of the-following
protein sources: between three and five
ounces of lean beef, poultry, seafood or
fish-including tuna and sardines;
approximately one cup of low-fat
yogurt or cottage cheese; two ounces of
low-fat cheese; and two eggs (which
you should limit to four a week
because of high cholesterol contents).

"Forget the milk shakes, ice-cream
sodas and other heavy drinks."

Dr. Antoniadis tropicalizes this
menu by adding a medium-size salad,
preferably dressed with lemon and very
little olive oil; and a minute portion
of potatoes, spaghetti, rice or other
starches. "Heavy salad dressings, po-
tato salads, chicken skins, fried foods,
and breads should be avoided, as well
as sugary desserts," she says. "Fresh fruits,
not canned, are best for dessert, and
forget the milk shakes, ice-cream sodas
and other heavy drinks."
One to three cups of coffee a day can
be energizing. But taken in excess, the
brew can rattle nerves and reduce
energy by upsetting sleep.

Friday, April 15, 1988

Page 4


Spill way


Vol. XXVI, NQ 8
Viernes 15 de abril de 1988

Raven nombrada economist jefe

.- i

Foto por Arthur Pollack
Seis afios mas
Luego de alistarse seis aios mds en el Ejdrcito de los Estados Unidos sobre una
compuerta del Canal de Panamd, el soldado Douglas Eagle, tercero a la derecha,
es felicitado por el Tte. Marcus Anderson. Eagle se realist sobre las Esclusas de
Miraflores porque deseaba recorder la ocasi6n. Eagle, quien tiene tres aiios en el
drea canalera, estd casado con una panarneiia, Dalys, quien tambidn asisti6 a la
ceremonia. El Sgto. Joseph Zirkle port6 el estandarte.

Programan semana de secretaria

La oficinista de personal de la Oficina
de Desarrollo de Recursos Humanos
Belinda Mariscal muestra uno de los
seis afiches que dise56 para la Semana
de la Secretaria, a celebrarse del 25 al
29 de abril. Aunque no ha torado
cursos de arte, sus compaieros de
trabajo conocian su talent y la
animaron a diseiar los afiches. Maris-
cal estudia publicidad en la Universi-
dad de Panamd y desea continuar
studios de posgrado en disenografico
y mercaderia en los Estados Unidos.

Con diversas actividades organizadas
por el personal de Desarrollo de
Recursos Humanos de la Oficina de
Administraci6n de Personal, la Comi-
si6n del Canal de Panama celebrara la
Semana de la Secretaria del 25 al 29 de
Entre los events, habra diariamente
un seminario en video titulado "La
Secretaria Digna de Promoci6n", de
7:30 a 11:30 a.m. en el Centro de
Adiestramiento de la Comisi6n del
Canal por las especialistas en desarrollo
del empleado Mayra C. BAez y Virginia
M. HernAndez.
Se ofreceri un almuerzo en el Sal6n
del Canal del Club de Oficiales de
Fuerte Amador de 11:30 a.m. a 1:30
p.m., el martes 26 de abril. El
Administrador de la Comisi6n D. P.
McAuliffe, el Subadministrador Fer-
nando Manfredo Jr., y la secretaria del
Administrador Maria Luisa Langman
Charles seran los oradores invitados.
La semana cerrara con un desfile de
modas por Ellen Breebaart y un coctel
en el Sal6n Las Perlas del Club Uni6n
de 5:30 a 8 p.m. el jueves 28 de abril.
Para mayor informaci6n, llame a
Virginia Hernandez al 52-4155.

Con una carrera distinguida por la
perseverancia y el 6xito, Melba A.
Raven ha sido nombrada primera
economist, NM-13, en la Divisi6n de
Investigaci6n Econ6mica y Desarrollo
de Mercado de la Oficina de Planifica-
ci6n Ejecutiva. Raven empez6 en su
nueva posici6n el lunes 10 de abril. El
nombramiento de Raven a una posi-
ci6n tan important es un hito mis en el
ascenso de empleados panameios
capacitados a posiciones de alto nivel en
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama.
Raven inici6 su carrera en el Canal de
Panama en un campo totalmente
distinto. De 1975 a 1980 se desempefi6
en diversas posiciones en la Oficina de
Informaci6n tales como traductora
para el SPILLWAY y El Panama
Canal Review, organizadora de even-
tos, secretaria del director y guia del
Canal de Panama.
Nacida en Chiriqui, Melba Raven
pas6 su nifiez en Col6n y curs6 studios
en la Universidad de Panama. En 1975
obtuvo su licenciatura en economic con
especializaci6n en administraci6n de
empresas en la Florida State University,
en Panama. MAs adelante inici6
studios de postgrado en economic en
Oklahoma University y en 1980 fue
seleccionada como economist en la
Division de Investigaci6n Econ6mica y
Desarrollo de Mercado. A lo largo de su
trayectoria en la Oficina de Planifica-
ci6n Ejecutiva, Raven ha participado en
diversas conferencias internacionales

maritimas y de transport. Tambi6n ha
completado una series de cursos de
adiestramiento en administraci6n.
Raven encuentra su trabajo en la
secci6n de economic de la Comisi6n
muy interesante. En su nueva posici6n
tendra la responsabilidad de preparar
una amplia gama de actividades de
economic, incluyendo el desarrollo de
proyecciones presupuestarias y de
ingresos por peajes, ademas de studios
especiales e informes y presentaciones
relatives al trifico del Canal.
Raven sefiala que lo que m.s le gusta
de la Divisi6n de Investigaci6n Econ6-
mica y Desarrollo de Mercado es el
clima de productividad. "Todos somos
trabajadores y disfrutamos nuestro

Melba A. Raven

Anuncian proyectos de ingeniera

La Division de Ingenieria de la
Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA ha
anunciado tres proyectos. Los docu-
mentos pertinentes pueden obtenerse en
la Oficina 343 del Edificio de Adminis-
traci6n en Balboa.

El proyecto CC-88-72 es para instalar
un revestimiento en la estaci6n de
amarre de Paraiso. El costo estimado
oscila entire $25,000 y $100,000 y las
licitaciones abriran el 25 de abril.

El proyecto CC-88-31 es para
retechar unos edificios e instalar chapas
de aluminio a puertas corredizas. El
costo se estima entire $100,000 y
$250,000, y las ofertas deberin recibirse
a mas tardar a las I 1 a.m. el 28 de abril.
El proyecto CC-88-27 es para
reemplazar la telemetria de los niveles
de agua de los tanques del sistema de
agua. El costo se estima entire $250,000 y
$500,000, y las ofertas deberan recibirse
el 23 de mayo, a la 1 p.m., a mis tardar.

Reforma tributaria cambia requisitos

El siguiente articulo fue preparado
por el Servicio de Rentas Internas
Como resultado de la reform
tributaria de 1986, un contribuyente que
reclame un dependiente de por lo menos
cinco afios de edad debe incluir su
nimero de identificaci6n en su declara-
ci6n de rentas. Esta nueva ley entra en

vigor con la declaraci6n de rentas de
Si el contribuyente no sabe el n6mero
de seguro social de su dependiente, debe
comunicarse con la oficina administra-
tiva del Seguro.Social.
Para obtener numero de seguro
social, el dependiente debe tener
evidencia de fecha de nacimiento,
ciudadania estadounidense o estado
legal de inmigrante, e identidad. Para
los dos primeros requisitos basta un
certificado de nacimiento de hospital,
registro p6blico o iglesia. Un certificado
escolar u otro document puede usarse
como prueba de identidad. Para mayor
informaci6n, los contribuyentes en
PanamA pueden obtener el panfleto,
Como Solicitar Su N6mero de Seguro
Social, en el Consulado de los Estados


El Canal por dentro

Las siguientes estadisticas indican las operaciones del Canal y su uso
durante el pasado mes de marzo:
Promedio de transitos diaries de alto calado-37.0
Naves acumuladas listas para transitar-23.7
Tiempo promedio en aguas del Canal-27.7 horas
(incluso el tiempo de transito)
Naves con manga de mas de 80 pies-45.7 por ciento
Naves con manga de mas de 100 pies-21.8 por ciento
Debido al incremento de transitos y al mayor porcentaje de naves de
manga ancha, el ingreso por peajes en los primeros seis meses del afio
fiscal 1988-de octubre de 1987 a marzo de 1988-subi6 5 por ciento
sobre el mismo period del afio fiscal anterior.
El nuevo remolcador de la Comisi6n, "Lider", lleg6 a aguas del
Canal el 10 de marzo y comenz6 a prestar servicio complete desde el 13
de marzo. El "Lider" es un element mas en el continue program de
modernizaci6n de la flota de remolcadores del Canal.

--- ---II---~ ---------~u- --L. -~-a--~-----~---~-- I II I II



---- -----------



Paqina 2


Viemes 15 de abril de 1988

Club de astronomia
El Club de Astronomia del area
canalera se reunira el martes 19 de abril,
a las 7:30 p.m. en el Centro de
Adiestramiento del Canal de Panama.
Para mis informaci6n, llame al 52-

Aniversario de Bethel
La Iglesia Evangclica Unida invita al
p6blico a la celebraci6n del vigesimo
sexto aniversario de la Iglesia Bethel en
Paraiso el viernes 22 de abril a las 6 p.m.
Habra tres coros y el Rev. Louis A.
Sealy serA el orador principal del

Club Universitario
El Club Universitario del Istmo se
reunira el martes 19 de abril a las 4
p.m., en la residencia 123 de Altos de
Balboa. La artist Lori Gibson serd la
oradora invitada. Se solicita a los
miembros asistentes traer donativos de
alimento y ropa. Los otros miembros
pueden enviar sus donaciones o llamar a
Anne Muse al 60-7496.

Ajedrez para nifios
Un curso de ajedrez para nifios se
ofrecerA de 10 a 12 del mediodia los
sabados, del 23 de abril al 28 de mayo,
en el Restaurante 1985 en la Avenida
Eusebio A. Morales, El Cangrejo. El
curso bilingue, para nifios de 5 a 12:
afios, incluye una introducci6n al
ajedrez de computadora. Para ma-
tricula o mayor informaci6n, Ilame a
Julio Cordones al 63-8541 o al 63-8571.

Quiere imponer marca
David, un nifio ingles de 7 afios de
edad que estA muriendo de cAncer,
desea ingresar al Libro Guinness de
Marcas Mundiales como el nifio que
recibi6 la mayor cantidad de postales.
Las postales pueden enviarse a: David,
c/o Miss M. C. Williams, St. Martin De
Porres Infants School, Pasteureways,
LUTON, Bedfordshire, England.

Venta de excedentes
La Oficina de Reutilizaci6n y
Mercadeo de la Defensa realizard una
venta de excedentes el 21 de abril en el
Edificio 745 en Corozal. La mercancia
podrA. inspeccionarse del 18 al 20 de
abril de 9 a.m. a 2:30 p.m. y la
inscripci6n de licitantes se iniciara a las
7 a.m. el dia de la venta. Entre los
articulos habrA equipo m6dico, sillas,
camillas, armarios, vehiculos, eleva-
dores de carga, balanzas, tiendas de
campanas y camas.

Concierto en Curundtu
La Banda 79 del Ejercito de los
EE.UU. y la Banda Sinf6nica de la
escuela secundaria de Balboa se
presentaran a las 7:30 p.m. el jueves,
28 de abril, en la cafeteria de la escuela
de Curund6. Tocaran temas de Wil-
liams, McGinty, Sousa y Schikele,
ademas de un popurri de temas de los
afios 70. La entrada es gratuita.

Torneo de pesca
Los pescadores pueden inscribirse en
el d6cimo tercer Torneo Anual Roy
Rinehart a trav6s del Club Tarp6n del
Canal de PanamA, patrocinadores del
event. El torneo de pesca estA en
progress hasta la medianoche del 30 de
junio. Compiten peces capturados en el
AtlAntico y hay tres categories de
premiaci6n: pescadores, damas y nova-
tos. Para mis informaci6n, llame a Sid
Coffin al 43-5367 o Robert Lawrence al

; ~iI

Todos presents" Foto por Jennifer Jones
"jTodos presentss"
Los 12 empleados del Ramo de Nueva Orleans son, desde la izquierda, W. H.
Breaden, Roland Johnson, Phern W. Pannia, Cynthia Gillard, Barbara Parr,
Rebecca R. Croft, T. C. Donner, Monika Mimms, Jean Piediscalzo, Joby G.
Chapotel, Ann P. Bairnsfather y G. P. Risberg.

Oficina lejana vital a operaciones

Desde Nueva Orleans abastecen al Canal

Trabajar para el Canal de Panama no
es exactamente igual a trabajar en el
Canal de PanamA. S61o pregintelea los
doce integrantes de la Divisi6n de
Apoyo Logistico en la oficina del Ramo
de Nueva Orleans.
Casi todos estos empleados de la
Comisi6n del Canal han visitado
Panama, pero s6lo tres-el jefe G. P.
Risberg, W. H. Breaden y Rebecca R.
Croft-son de aqui. A pesar de la
distancia que los separa del Canal, ellos
se identifican con la via interoceanica y
juegan un papel important en el apoyo
de sus operaciones:
La oficina de Nueva Orleans tiene la
responsabilidad primaria del manejo de
trifico y carga, la procuraduria, y los
studios financieros y de mercado-
tecnia. La oficina tambi6n facility el
movimiento de mercancia a trav6s del

Area de Nueva Orleans, trabaja con
abastecedores y otras agencies del
gobierno para la inspecci6n y trans-
portaci6n de bienes, y represent a la
Division de Apoyo Logistico en los
Estados Unidos.
Risberg aclara que aunque su oficina
trata con compafiias de diversas areas
de Estados Unidos, la mayor porci6n de
la procuraduria se hace en el area de
Louisiana, y las transacciones son de
poco valor. "Noventa y nueve por
ciento de nuestras compras son por
articulos de menos de $25,000", explica.
La oficina de Nueva Orleans tambi6n
es el contact entire los abastecedores
estadounidenses y la Comisi6n del
Canal. Sin embargo, el personal de la
Comisi6n en Panama trabaja con la
Division de Apoyo Logistico, y no
directamente con el Ramo de Nueva

IO busca empleados asesores
La Oficina de Igualdad de Oportuni- racial, religion, sexo, origen naciona]
dades busca empleados de la Comisi6n edad e impedimento fisico o mental.
del Canal de Panam para ser Las obligaciones del consejero so
consejeros de igualdad de oportunida- agregadas a las regulars y document
Sides de empleo (10). Los candidates das en la descripci6n de su posici6n. Sil
dehen enviar carta de solicited al embargo, la tarea no es deer

director de igualdad de oportunidades a
trav6s de sus supervisors, a mas tardar
el 30 de abril. Los elegidos seran
adiestrados formalmente y orientados
en t6cnicas de asesoria por la Oficina de
Igualdad de Oportunidades. El emplea-
do deberA contar con el apoyo del
supervisor al desempefiar sus funciones
de asesoria.
Los consejeros de 10 deben tener
actitud abierta y compasiva para
manejar quejas basadas en alegatos de
discriminaci6n por motive de origen



responsabilidad que afecte el grado del
empleado y constitute menos del 20 por
ciento del tiempo de trabajo.
El consejero de 10 debe mantener la
confianza de empleados y gerentes, y
por ende, no debe representar a ninguno
durante un process de queja de
discriminaci6n. Igualmente, aquellos
que normalmente representan emplea-
dos por otras razones, no deben servir
como consejeros de 10. Para mayor
informaci6n, Ilame a Ingeborg Kincaid
o a Vielka Sowley al 52-3638 6 52-7415.

Santiago Mendoza, instructor de seguridad acudtica de la piscina de Margarita,
explica coordinaci6n de brazo, pierna y respiraci6n a los participants en el
program de nataci6n que patrocina el Ramo para el Acondicionamiento Fisico
del Empleado de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd durante el verano.

Spillway ^
Administrador de la Comisi6n del Canal Subadministrador

Director de Relaciones Publicas

Subdirectora de Relaciones Pliblicas

Official de Prensa Directora Encargada
El SPILLWAY es una publicaci6n official del Canal de PanamA. Los articulos que en ella aparecen pueden ser reproducidos sin
pedir autorizaci6n, unicamente acreditando al SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA como la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n
debe star en la Oficina de Prensa antes del mediodia del jueves anterior a su publicaci6n. Despues de esa fecha s61o se aceptaran
noticias oficiales de urgencia. Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo ordinario, $4 por correo ordinario para
estudiantes y $19 por correo aereo. Envie cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, dirigido a la Oficina de
Informaci6n y Relaciones Piblicas, APO Miami 34011-5000.

Realizan concurso de matematicas

La cuarta competencia annual de
matematica, Mathcounts, patrocinada
en Panama por las Escuelas de
Dependientes del Departamento de
Defense (DODDS), se realize reciente-
mente en la escuela secundaria de
Curund6. Disefiado para mejorar las
habilidades matematicas preuniversi-
tarias, el event consiste en examenes
escritos individuals y en equipo, y en
competencia oral individual.
Yukata Sasagawa gan6 la competen-
cia escrita individual, mientras Edmund
Howell, Derek Henderson y Carlos
Lam ganaron el segundo, tercero y
cuarto lugar, respectivamente. Derek es

hijo de James E. Henderson, analista de
sistemas de computadoras de la Divi-
si6n de Procesamiento de Datos de la
Comisi6n del Canal. Los miembros del
equipo ganador son Yucata Sasagawa,
Edmundo Howell y Mathew Robert-

Yukata Sasagawa tambi6n gan6 el
primer lugar en el certamen oral
individual, mientras Derek Henderson
obtuvo el segundo lugar, Edmund
Howell, el tercero, y Carlos Lam, el
cuarto. El certamen requeria una
presentaci6n de siete minutes y susten-
taci6n ante un jurado.

/9..-'iw________ _"

Curso de nataci6n

Foto de cortesia del Ramo
para el Acondicionamiento Fisico del Empleado

ViperncnIS 1 ,k akvil ,I- I IQ2


Pagina 3

VIUn nombre n dos ciudades: Pan-

Un nombre con dos ciudades: Panama'

Adivinanza: Aproximadamente a 60 kil6metros al noroeste del Cabo San
Blas, usted cruza la Avenida Canal, ve el letrero del Motel Panama y esta-
'ciona su auto por el Edificio Balboa. ,D6nde esta usted?
La respuesta, aunque usted no lo
crea, es Florida-la ciudad de
Panama City, Florida, para ser NAMA CITY
George West, el primer urbaniza-
dor del area, nombr6 al pueblo,
dicen, inspirado en el esfuerzo de la
construcci6n del Canal. Y como
ocurre con frecuencia cuando los
hijos se llaman igual que los padres,
ha resultado en cierta confusion.
Muchos empleados del Canal de
PanamA al viajar por los Estados
Unidos, se disgustan con los que insisted que Panama esta en Florida. Recor-
dar que la intenci6n de West era buena (la de honrarnos y no de frustrarnos),
puede hacernos soportar mejor esos moments.
AdemAs del nombre, la ciudad de Panama City, Florida, tiene much en
comfin con su tocaya. Ambas poseen una fuerte influencia maritima. For-
mando parte de la via acuatica entire costas Atlanticas de EE.UU., esta ciudad
tiene un puerto cercado de tierra. En el Puerto Panama City en el Golfo de
M6xico, una de las cinco zonas mis importantes de comercio general interna-
cional en cuanto al valor de la mercancia, se maneja comercio international.
Ambas areas han atraido a los militares estadounidenses, y a cambio, gran
ntmero de residents se han beneficiado con empleos. Las operaciones milita-
res alrededor de Panama City, Florida, general una planilla que excede los
$220 millones.

Usta de Vacantes
Para empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panam6 y otras
agencies del gobierno de los Estados Unidos

Puestos permanentes Sa.Iro*
Contador(a)/contador(a), cuentas de operaciones,
NM-7/9 (S61o se considerara a los empleados de
la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA) .... .8.97/$10.98
Coordinador de anclajes, NM-3/5 (Debe saber el
C6digo Morse a nivel de NM-5, es deseable que lo
sepa a nivel de NM-4. Debe tener conocimiento
de radiocomunicaci6n a nivel de NM-4. Debe
trabajar turnos. (S61o se considerarA a los
empleados de la Comisi6n del Canalde PanamB) $4.55/S6.84
Official administrative, NM-9 (Bilingtie) (Se re-
quiere experiencia en asuntos de personal y rela-
ciones con los empleados. S61o se considerarA
a los empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal
de PanamA) .......... . $10.98/$14.27
Asistente de presupuestos, NM-7 .. ..... .$8.97/$11.66
Ingeniero civil, NM- I (Debe saber espafiol, nadary
tener licencia de conducir. S61o se considerarA a
los empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de
PanamA) . . .......... . $13.28/$17.26
Oficinista mecan6grafo(a), NM-3 ...... $4.55/$5.77
Especialista de contratos, NM-7/9 (Se require
experiencia en tarifas de flete) .. .... $8.97/$10.98
Especialista de contratos, NM-7/9 (Es deseable que
tenga experiencia en tarifas de flete) ..... $8.97/$10.98
Economista, NM-7/11 . . ........ $8.97/$13.28
Official en adiestramiento (Remolcadores), FE-7
(Debe saber ingl6s, saber nadar y trabajar turnos) $12.99/ 15.15
Dependiente de equipo m6vil, MG-5 (Debe tener
licencia de conductor) .. . ...... $4.15/$4.43
Chapistero de equipo m6vil, MG-10 (Debe tener
licencia de conductor) ... . . . . $10.56/$12.32
Trabajador en pintura, MG-7 (Es deseable que
tenga experiencia en limpiar con chorros
de arena) . . . . . . . . $4.59/$4.90
Capataz de pintores, MS-9 (Debe tener licencia de
conductor y trabajar turnos) . . . . $9.42/$11.00
Oficinista de apoyo a los prActicos, NM-4 (Debe
trabajar turnos) .............. $4.98/$6.30
Aparejador, MG-10 (Debe saber nadar y trabajar
turnos) ........... **. $10.56/$12.32
Oficinista, rotaci6n y horario, NM-4 (Es deseable
que sepa espafol y trabaje turnos) . . $4.98/6.30
Ingeniero civil supervisor, NM-12 ...... $15.92/$20.69
Oficinista de registros de tiempo, N M-4 (Debe saber
espafiol) ......... .. . . $4.98/$6.30
Oportunidad de movilidad ascendente
(Miximo de un afo)
Ingeniero mecinico, NM-7/11' (Debe saber
nadar. S61o se considerarA a los empleados de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panam) ......
Puestos temporales
(Maximo do un afo)
Ingeniero general (Planta), NM-12 (Debe saber
nadar y tener licencia de conductor. S61o se
considerarA a los empleados de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA) . . . . .... $15.92/$20.69

Las solicitudes se recibirAn en el Ramo de Empleo y Colocaciones ubic
Anc6n, o en el Edificio 7998, en Margarita, en el Formulario 443, Solici
ser recibida en el Ramo dentro de los pr6ximos site dias calendarios pos
publicaci6n. Los requisitos de los puestos pueden verificarse en el Centro
la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Para mayor informaci6n lame
Colocaciones, a los tel6fonos 52-3583, 52-7996 6 46-7219.
* Los salaries devengados reflcjan las tarifas mlnimas y mAximas por hora para los grades
empleados que scan escogidos serAn colocados en el cscal6n y salario correspondientes de acu
I La persona escogida sera adiestrada para calificar para el pucsto y grado mas alto mientra
habrA vacant para cl empleado que se gradua a menos que sc sigan los procedimientos comp
La Comialin del Canal do Panami as un empleador qua se ajut a a I Lay aobre


SI- an-
tio tes

Adm. Finan. P 1

Adm. TrAnsito

Tran. Motor

Tran. Motor.
Serv. Adm.
Serv. Adm.
Plan. Ejec.
Adiest. Mar.
Tran. Motor.
Tran. Motor.

Serv. Canal
Div. PrActicos

La semejanza de ambas ciudades se refleja en c6mo la gente se gana la vida
y se divierte. Las dos son atracciones turisticas por su rica belleza natural,
particularmente a lo largo de sus costas. Los residents de ambas disfrutan
jugando golf y this, nadando, esquiando, navegando en velero, navegando
sobre tabla hawaiiana y buceando. La pesca tambi6n esta entire los pasatiem-
pos favorites, y los pescadores en ambos lugares parecen buscar las mismas
cosas-por ejemplo, el pez aguja, pez vela, wahoo, tarp6n y un 'tibur6n
Como su contraparte panamefia, el clima de Panama City, Florida, permit
a los fanaticos del aire libre disfrutar esas actividades todo el afio. La tempe-
ratura raramente baja de los 40 grades Fahrenheit o sube de los 90, con un
promedio aproximado de 53 en enero y 81 en agosto.
Los primeros habitantes del Area de Panama City, Florida, fueron indios
americanos, diezmados por exploradores espafioles en los siglos 16 y 17. Los
indios Creeks llegaron a principios del siglo 20, y sus descendientes han
Los ingleses llegaron primero al area por el afio 1765, lo que atrajo muchos
leales a la realeza en la guerra de la revoluci6n. Alrededor de 1850, llegaron
mis pioneros y cuando estall6 la Guerra Civil, ya se habia montado una
plant de sal para servir a la Confederaci6n. En 1863, ataques de la Uni6n
destruyeron la plant, pero el area continue creciendo al llegar veterans
despu6s de la guerra. Panama City fue planificada en 1888 e incorporada en
1909, pero otra guerra jugaria un papel important en su desarrollo.
Fue un important centro industrial y de construcci6n naval en la Segunda
Guerra Mundial y miles de trabajadores se congregaron alli, provenientes de
todas parties de los Estados Unidos. Su poblaci6n actual se aproxima a los
35,000 habitantes, con 4,000 mis en la playa de Panama City.



Ic ;

Playas de
Panama City

Las playas que
bordean la costa
de Florida son
una de las
atracciones del
drea de Panama

SFoto por
; Jennifer Jones

Anuncian cursos de adiestramiento
El Ramo de Capacitaci6n de Empleados y Desarrollo de Personal Administrativo
anuncia los cursos de adiestramiento que ofrecerA la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
a empleados en mayo. Las classes se dictaran en el Centro de Adiestramiento del
Canal de Panama de 8 a.m. a 4 p.m., con la excepci6n de los cursos de Experiencia en
la Comunicaci6n y el Taller en Registros de Tiempo para Personal Administrativo,
que se dictaran de 7:30 a 11:30 a.m., y el curso Planificando la Jubilaci6n, que se
ofrecera en el sector AtlAntico.

Curso (y pfblico deseado)
Experiencia en la comunicaci6n (personal de oficina) .................
Taller en registros de tiempo para personal administrative (apoyo de
Esclusas P .1 administraci6n) ............................................
Excelencia en la comunicaci6n participantss del MAP) ...............
Administraci6n de personal para supervisors supervisorse) ...........
AnAlisis y revision administrativas (analistas de administraci6n y
programs) ............................. .................
Esclusas P I Presentando datos usando grAficas y tablas (usuarios primaries) .......
eado en el Edificio 366, en Macro analisis H RD (especialistas en desarrollo de personal e instructors
tud de Traslado, y debera.
sterioresalafechadebesta de adiestramiento) .................... ...... .. ..............
steriores a la fecha de esta
Sde Recursos T6cnicos de T6cnicas de adiestramiento para el aprendizaje de adults instructorss de
al Ramo de Empleo y adiestramiento) .............................................
Aspectos del comportamiento de la auditoria del gobierno (contadores) .
as positions anunadas. Los Principios de adquisici6n para COR ................................
ocrdo con los reglamentos. Curso de administraci6n: Administraci6n del tiempo MAP participantss
is que ocupa su pucsto actual. No (M AP)) .. . . . ..................... .... ... ............
etitivos. Planificando la jubilaci6n (todos los empleados) .....................
Igualdad d Oportunldades. Principios de adiestramiento de la auditoria del gobierno (auditores)....













Active cuerpo y cabeza con ejercicio regular

Por Joaquin Horna

"Una vez mas, s6lo una vez mas", parecia pensar el hombre cuando levantaba las
70 libras de hierro, los misculos faciales distorsionados por el tremendo esfuerzo.
Cuando complete la decimoquinta repetici6n, se levant6 despacio de la maquina
para pectorales y sali6 del sal6n de pesas de Diablo-conocido por muchos como
la "cAmara de tortura". Respirando profusamente y dejando un rastro de sudor en
el suelo, el hombre camin6 various minutes para relajarse antes de entrar a la ducha.
Veinte minutes mas tarde se encontraba en su oficina, trabajando con mas energia
que en la mafiana, cuando inici6 lajornada despu6s de dormir siete horas.
Como este hombre, muchos empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
aprovechan las instalaciones del Ramo de Acondicionamiento Fisico para hacer
ejercicio durante la hora de almuerzo. Julio Sinclair, supervisor especialista en
deportees acuAticos, dice. 1 "-
que el ramo tiene pro-
gramas especiales. para
los empleados que en-
trenan en vez de al- d
morzar. "Sabemos que
su tiempo es corto, asi i
que reservamos las
piscinas y los gimna- a
sios para ellos". Muchos empleados 'del Canal encuentran mads
Para mantenerse en convenient ejercitar durante el almuerzo y el
forma hay que hacer gimnasio de Diablo les proporciona una variedad de
ejercicio por lo menos equipo para su acondicionamiento fisico.
ejercicio par lo menos
15 minutes regularmente. Durante la hora de almuerzo, los empleados disponen de
25 a 30 minutes para ejercicios, y ocupan el resto del tiempo en transport y en las
duchas. El period de ejercicio debe dividirse en tres fases-calentamiento, ejerci-
cios y relajamiento. "Calentar no toma mas de cinco minutes en el calor tropical de
Panama", dice Sinclair. Esto se consigue con ejercicios de estiramiento y un poco
de trote.
El ejercicio debe incluir actividades fisi-
cas como nataci6n, trote, basketbol, voli- Segtn una encuesta, el 62 por
bol, levantamiento de pesas, calistenia o ciento de los que ejercitan siente
bailes aer6bicos. Estos benefician a hom- mds energia . 43 por ciento
bres.y mujeres de todas las edades, al mayor creatividad.
entonar el cuerpo, disminuir el ritmo car- -
diaco, reducir el nivel de cholesterol y bajar
el peso. La Dra. Maria Antoniadis, official de salud ocupacional, aconseja no hacer
ejercicios bajo el sol del mediodia para evitar dafios series a la salud; pero afiade
que los ejercicios bajo techo son recomendables.
Luego del ejercicio, es mejor esperar a que disminuya el pulso, la respiraci6n y la
transpiraci6n antes de ducharse. Esto se consigue aminorando gradualmente los
movimientos corporales, casi del mismo modo que fueron incrementados antes del
ejercicio. Esto ayuda a mantener la circulaci6n de la sangre, prevenir mareos y
relajar el organismo.
Segfn una encuesta Gallup de 1987, el 62 por ciento de las personas que ejercitan
regularmente siente ms energia al trabajar, mientras que s61o ocho por ciento se
siente menos en6rgico. Ademas, 43 por ciento dijo sentirse con mayor creatividad,
mientras que s61o el
uno por ciento se .
sinti6 menos creative.
En el Canal, el perso-
nal del Ramo de Acon-
dicionamiento Fisico
recibe informes de em- -
pleados que han ob-
servado una mejoria '
en su actitud luego de
hacer ejercicio por un
tiempo. "No importa
la edad y condici6n "
fisica," dice Sinclair, -
"pues cada individuo
seguira un program adecuado a su
estado fisico". Un, dos . cha, cha, cha
Casi todas las grandes compafiias en ,
el Jap6n ofrecen a sus empleados Areas ., ..... : a
y programs de ejercicios, pues saben ',
que trabajarAn mejor si estan en bue-
nas condiciones fisicas. "En vez de ir al
'cafe', los japoneses hacen ejercicio",
dice Jos6 Ja6n, Jefe del Ramo de
Acondicionamiento Fisico. Muchas i
empresas en los Estados Unidos ahora
ofrecen facilidades similares a sus
empleados y hasta el gobierno federal ..
estA imitando la practice oriental. El ,'
afio pasado, la Administraci6n de Ser- B ,
vicios Generales aprob6 regulaciones
para equipar a los edificios federales
con facilidades para ejercicio, justi-

ficAndolas en base al desempefio del trabajo y la salud. Ja6n inform que un nuevo
sal6n de pesas sera construido en el Centro Juvenil de Balboa-cerca del sitio de
trabajo de muchos empleados del Canal.
Seg6n los studios, el mejor moment para quemar grasas es temprano en la
mafiana, pues el cuerpo quema sus dep6sitos grasosos cuando los niveles de azucar
estAn bajos, luego de ayunar toda la noche. Por otra parte, las calories absorbidas
en una comida pueden reducirse hasta un 15 por ciento haciendo ejercicios mode-
rados (como-caminar), una hora despu6s de comer. La mejor hora para ejercitar es
aquella en que se puede hacer regularmente.

Almuerzo ideal evita pereza mental
,Por qu6 sentimos suefio despues de un almuerzo abundante? Seg6n "Almuerzo
con Energia", un articulo publicado en la edici6n de julio de 1987 del Body Bulletin,
existe una estrecha relaci6n entire la comida y el estado de animo.
El problema con el almuerzo abundante, informa la Dra. Judith Wurtman,
autora de "Administrando la Mente y el Humor Mediante la Comida", es que
sobrecarga el sistema digestive hasta causar fatiga. Cuando demasiada sangre tiene
que fluir al estomago e intestines para digerir la comida, hay menor cantidad para
los mfisculos y al cerebro. El almuerzo ligero es
el indicado, afirma.
Para la persona regular, un almuerzo de entire
300 a 600 calories es probablemente el mejor. C
Un almuerzo compuesto de un emparedado de
bistec, papas fritas y un vaso grande de cerveza
suma alrededor de 1,100 calorias-considerado
un "somnifero" por los especialistas.
Ms important que la cantidad de comida es
su calidad. Los almuerzos que pueden empere-
zar en vez de vigorizar, incluyen sopas cremosas
o de mariscos, hamburguesas con tocino y salsas
a base de queso y mayonesa, comidas apanadas,
y los aderezos de ensalada, como aguacate,
anchoas, tocino y leche agria, altos en grasa.
"Un almuerzo lleno de grasas o carbohidratos
puede interferir con el trabajo de la tarde", dice.
la Dra. Maria Antoniadis, official de salud ocu-
pacional de la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA.
"El almuerzo a la mitad de un dia de trabajo Caricatura por Jaime Gutirrez
Almorzar demnwsiado puede diS-
debe ser apropiado para mantenerse alert, minuir la productividad laboral
especialmente en el clima tropical de Panama". en la tarde.
El almuerzo debe ser bajo en grasas. Un almuerzo grasoso require much
energia para digerir. Si afiade licor, tendri mayores problems. "El licor podra
estimularlo en un principio, pero poco despu6s se sentira anestesiado", sefiala la
Dra. Wurtman. "Yo no recomiendo a nadie libar durante el almuerzo, except a
los que se dedican a vender sofa-camas".
Las proteinas, no los carbohidratos, son los mejores energ6ticos. Los carbohidra-
tos causan que el cerebro produzca un relajante quimico llamado serotonina. Las

Empleados hacen
ejercicios aer6bicos
I en el cobertizo de
* Diablo durante su
hora de almuerzo. A
partir de la pr6xima
semana, el Ramo
para el
Fisico del Empleado
tambidn ofrecerd
classes de aer6bicos a
las 3:45, 4:45 y 5:45
p.m. Considerado un
ejercicio fuerte por
los deportistas, los
aer6bicos aumentan
la flexibilidad y

Fotos por Arthur Pollack



. -

proteinas, por otro lado, estimulan la
producci6n de los energ&ticos mentales
dopamina y norepinefrina. "Por eso es
que ciertos alimentos nos hacen sentir
pesados y somnolientos, mientras que
otros nos hacen sentir ligeros y alerta, afiade
la Dra. Antoniadis.
Un "almuerzo con energia" debe
incluir al menos una de estas
proteinas: entire tres y cinco onzas de
came, ya sea de de res magra, aves,
mariscos o pescado-incluyendo tuna
y sardinas; aproximadamente una taza
de yogur bajo en calories o reques6n;
dos onzas de queso bajo en grasa; y
dos huevos (limitese a ciatro por
semana por su alto contenido de
cholesterol .
La Dra. Antoniadis tropicaliza este
menu afiadi6ndo una ensalada me-
diana, preferiblemente aderezada con
lim6n y poco aceite de oliva, y una
pequefia porci6n de papas, espagueti,
arroz u otro carbohidrato. "Deben evi-
tarse aderezos de ensalada pesados,
piel del polio, comidas fritas y panes, al
igual que los postres almibarados",
dice. "Las frutas frescas, no las enlata-
das, son el mejor postre, y olvide los
batidos y otras bebidas pesadas".
Beber de una a tres tazas de caf6
diariamente puede ser estimulante.
Pero consumido en exceso, el caf6
puede alterar los nervios y perturbar el

Viernes 15 de abril de 1988


Pagina 4




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