Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights C.Z
Publication Date: March 31, 1988
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Republic of Panama -- Canal Zone -- Balboa -- Balboa Heights
Coordinates: 8.95 x -79.566667 ( Place of Publication )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00088
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text



S Vol. XXVI, No. 7
Thursday, March 31, 1988

Manlift makes maintenance more manageable

reaches new

Panama Canal
Commission Maintenance
Division employees go
high in the air to perform
maintenance work on
Administration Building
eaves, controlling the
direction and height of
the manlift from the top.
Recently procured at a
cost of $70,000, the
manlift is the first of its
kind used by the

Photo by Kevin Jenkins

By Ana Elena Valdes
Since last November, many Adminis-
tration Building visitors and Panama
Canal Commission employees may
have found it challenging to maneuver
their cars and bodies around a piece of
maintenance equipment that resembles
a human high-rise.
The "Manlift" is the newest addition
to the Maintenance Division fleet and
the first of its kind at the Commission. It
was procured last September at a cost of
$70,000 to allow craftsmen to perform
difficult high work safely and produc-
tively. The first job assigned to the
manlift was to provide maintenance to
the spalled concrete eaves of the
Administration Building. It is operated
by specially trained Maintenance Divi-
sion personnel.
After the annual inspection of the
building, Architectural Branch engineer
Robert Earle reported the eaves needed
some maintenance. Maintenance Work
Branch Chief Thomas.Drohan decided

the work had to be accomplished
promptly and the manlift represented
the fastest and cheapest way to do it.
Previous methodology for accomplish-
ing the work would have entailed
frequent dismantling of scaffolding.
The scaffolding would also obstruct
According to Reynaldo Phipps,
foreman of the project, the price of the
machine has already proven cheaper
than the cost of erecting scaffolds
around the building, not to mention the
general inconvenience. Furthermore,
the manlift has served to wash
Administration Building windows. It
also contributed to the recent Mira-
flores Locks overhaul by facilitating the
placing of anodes on locks' walls.
The project providing maintenance
to Administration Building eaves will be
completed approximately in May. The
manlift will then move to Building 28 to
perform similar maintenance work in
difficult to reach high areas.

Public Serviceaw

The Panama Canal Commission has
announced the 1987 Panama Canal
Honorary Public Service Awards which
will be presented at a ceremony in the
the Administration Building rotunda at
10 a.m., Wednesday, May 4.
Each year, the Panama Canal
Commission recognizes voluntary serv-
ices. to the community with these
awards. This year, PCC Administrator
D. P. McAuliffe will present 25 Honor-
ary Public Service awards to the
following recipients: the Armed Serv-
ices YMCA, Stephen S. Belock,
Barbara Call, Fred Call, Robert M.

Carlin, Alberto Cohen. Laurie Gibson,
Jay Gibson, Daniel W. Goldsworthy,
Melva Elaine Lowe de Goodin, Captain
Robert S. Gray, Diana Hattabaugh,
Jose C. Ja6n Jr., the Kirkbride Family,
Susan Lyons, Major Fred Lyons,
JoAnne Mitchell, Marcos D. Os-
trander, Panama Canal Commission
Northern District Firefighters, Cleve-
land C. Soper Ill, Captain Lewis L.
Stabler, Thomas P. Strider, Henry B.
Twohy, the U.S. Southern Command
Christmas Sponsorship Program and
to the Crossroad Chapter of the Sweet
Adelines, Inc.

Records Management and Translator Services employees presented a cake to
Juan Tam, Administration Building Vault Teller, honoring him as Panama Canal
Commission "Person of the Week"for never losing his sense of humor during the
March 7 payday.

Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Panama Canal Commission employees man the Hotline headquarters set up in the
Administration Building Board Room by the Administrator during the current
crisis in Panama.

Take note
Federal Post Card Applications
(FPCA) to request absentee voting
ballots may be obtained from Myra
Perscky, Room 251, Administration
Building, or by calling 52-3544.

PCC seeks contracts
for three new projects
Three new projects have been
announced by the Panama Canal
Commission Engineering Division.
Copies of pertinent documents are
available in Room 343 of the Adminis-
tration Building in Balboa Heights.
Project CC-88-69 is for remedial
excavation at Southeast Cucaracha.
The estimated price range is from
$100,000 to $1,000,000, and offers
should be received by 1 p.m., April 18.
Project CC-88-68 is for replacing
water lines at Gatun Locks. The
estimated pricerange is from $100,000
to $250,000, and offers should be
received by 1 p.m., April 28.
Project CC-88-78 is for re-roofing a
group of quarters. The estimated price
range is from $100,000 to $250,000, and
offers should be received by I p.m.,
April 29.

For information about the
status of employee contingency
plans, local conditions, food avail-
ability, U.S. government retiree
checks and PCC disability relief and
injury roll payments, call the Pan-
ama Canal Commission Hotline at

The official 1988 cayuco race patch
was awarded to all participants in the
race held last weekend. Creating the
following year's patch is the responsi-
bility of the winning cayuco crew, and
1987 winners, Steve Mallia, Carl
Winkler, Greg Gramlich and Bill
Winford, of the "NIC", presented the
above patch, designed by Cristina
Martinez. The "Snafu" crew, who won
this year's race in 5 hours, 31 minutes
and 41 seconds, will create the 1989
patch. They are Edwin Vaughn, David
Williford, Shaun Frensley and Greg


Thursday, March 31, 1988

The Panama Canal College will
present "Patterns," a series of five slice-
of-life comedies about growing up and
relating in America. Along with college
students, the play stars guest performers
Sue Norman and Bill Gonzalez.
"Patterns" will be presented at 8 p.m.
on April 15,16,22 and 23, in the college
theatre. Admission is $2 for adults and
college students will be admitted free
with their student card.

Karate classes
As part of its martial arts program,
the Balboa YMCA is offering karate
classes every Monday, Wednesday and
Friday from 7 to 9 p.m. Classes are open
to persons aged 6 and up. For more
information, call the Balboa YMCA at
28-1247 or 28-1272.

Keep in shape!
Keep in shape by joining the exercise
classes being offered from 9 to 10 a.m.
Monday, Thursday and Saturday and
from 5 to 6 p.m. Monday through
Friday at the Balboa YMCA. For more
information, call 28-1272.

Easter services
Balboa Union Church invites the
public to attend worship services during
Holy Week. Communion will be served
at 7:30 p.m. Maundy Thursday. A
service will be held on Good Friday at I
p.m. and morning services will be held
at 9 a.m. on Easter Sunday.
The Balboa Union Church, an
evangelical, interdenominational con-
gregation, is located on Balboa Road
between Steven's Circle and the Balboa


Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Panama Canal Commission Deputy Administrator Fernando Manfredo Jr.
congratulates Ezequies Pineda, Sanitation Branch pest controller, after
presenting him a 40-year service award. Pineda joined the Panama Canal
organization in 1947 as a laborer in the Maintenance Division. He transferred to
the Sanitation Branch in 1955 and now specializes in rodent control.

Canal people

New eligibility requirements

Tax reform changes IRAs

The following article was preparedby
the Internal Revenue Service.
The Tax Reform Act of 1986
included significant changes affecting
individual retirement arrangements
(IRAs). The new rules, which have
generally taken effect on January 1,
1987, include new eligibility require-
ments for individuals who claim
deductions for an IRA on their tax
returns. The new eligibility require-
ments are based on the size of the
taxpayer's adjusted gross income (AGI)
and whether the taxpayer is an active
participant in any type of employer-
maintained retirement plan.
Under the new law, taxpayers can
claim the maximum deduction for IRA
contributions ($2,000 or 100 percent of
compensation, whichever is less) only if
they meet one of the following criteria:
the individual is not an active
participant (or in the case of a married
couple, neither spouse) is an active
participant in an employer-maintained
retirement plan during the year,
regardless of the amount of the
taxpayer's AGI.
the individual (or in the case of a
married couple, either spouse) is an
active participant in an employer-
maintained retirement plan, and the
taxpayer's AGI is less than $40,000 for a
married couple or $25,000 for a single
If an individual (or, in the case of a
married couple, either spouse) is an
active participant in an employer-
maintained retirement plan, the maxi-
,mum allowable deduction for contribu-
tions to an IRA will begin to phase out
when AGI reaches $25,000 ($40,000 for
a married couple). When AGI reaches
$35,000 ($50,000 for a married couple),
no deductions are allowed for IRA
While many taxpayers may have
their deductible IRA contributions
reduced or eliminated with the new
eligibility requirements, they will be able

to continue making non-deductible
contributions to a new or an existing
IRA. As with earnings on deductible.
IRA contributions, any earnings real-
ized on non-deductible IRA contribu-
tions are not taxed until distributed to
the taxpayer, generally upon retire-
ment, when the individual may have a
lower taxable income.
The new law also includes changes in
the- rules concerning spousal IRA
deductions, qualified voluntary em-
ployee contributions and the purchase
of gold and silver coins for an IRA. The
spousal IRA provisions have been
changed to eliminate the requirement
that the spouse have no compensation
in the year in order-to be eligible for the
spousal IRA contribution.
The new law repeals the IRA
deduction previously allowed for volun-
tary employee deductibles to a qualified
plan. Also, beginning in 1987, taxpayers
are allowed to establish an IRA by
investing in certain gold and silver coins
issued by the United States.
Other basic tax rules concerning
IRAs have not been affected by the new
law. Taxpayers may continue to
establish or contribute funds to an IRA
at any time during the tax year and the
following year, up to the due date for
filing tax return, without extensions.
Taxpayers who withdraw funds from
an IRA before age 59 and six months,
are required to pay an additional 10
percent tax unless the withdrawal was
due to the death or permanent disability
of the taxpayer or was due to a return of
nondeductible contributions. Taxpay-
ers may also continue to make tax free
rollovers either from one IRA to
another or from an employer-main-
tained retirement plan to an IRA.
Additional information concerning
the new rules affecting IRAs is
contained in IRS publication, Individ-
ual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs),
which can be obtained by writing or
visiting an IRS office.

For MTD driver, all roads led to Canal

The Panama Canal has not only been
of major importance to the Republic of
Panama, it has also traced the destinies
of many citizens of this country. Jos6
"Joe" Brown, a driver for the Motor
Transportation Division, is one of those
whose lives have been tied to the Canal.
At the beginning of the century,
Thomas Sidney Brown, Joe Brown's
grandfather, followed a Panamanian
teacher, Gladys Gonzilez, to Panama.
She had gone to Barbados with a group
of professors and, with her charms and
her stories about job possibilities here,
had convinced him to leave his family
and possessions.
The couple established themselves in
the area that is now Emperador, and
Thomas Sidney Brown started a
business. He bought eight mules for
transporting and selling imported goods
in the little towns along the railroad.
They had five children, three girls and
two boys, who one-by-one became
connected with the Canal, either
directly or indirectly.
Angelica worked for the commissary.

Her son, Col6n Colona, worked all his
life as a firefighter in the Canal area, and
another son, Victor Rafil Colona,
worked in the Canal organization's
computer department.
Her brother, Jos6 De los Santos
Brown, Joe.Brown's father, worked as a
driver for 10 years with the Canal
organization and the Army. Like his
parents, he had three girls and two boys
who somehow became involved with
the Canal. Jos6 De los Santos Brown Jr.
is a captain at the Balboa fire station
and serves as the liaison officer for
cooperation with the Panama Canal
Commission Fire Division.
Joe Brown started his career driving
trucks and tractors for the Foster

Tied to Canal
Jos6 "Joe" Brown gets ready for
another driving assignment with the
Panama Canal Commission.

Construction Company in the late
1950s. In 1965, he was authorized to
work on all the machinery at the job site
and eventually worked his way into a
crane and shovel operator's position.
He worked for the government of
Panama as a crane operator for eight
years and began his service with the

Panama Canal Commission as a
temporary operator during the Gatun
Locks overhaul in 1985. He began
working permanently with the Com-
mission as a driver in 1985, but would
like to be able to put his experience as a
crane operator into use once again with
the agency.


Photo by Armando De Gracia

Paae 2

~ -~- -


'"'~I" ti

~ '~lr I

Thursday. March 31. 1988


Southern District wins safe driving trophy again

For the second consecutive year, the
Panama Canal Commission's Southern
District captured the Motor Trans-
portation Division's Safe Driving tro-
phy. With an accident rate of 6.75
accidents per million miles, that district
had the best record for at-fault
accidents. The Safe Driver Awards were
presented on March 21 and 24 to the
Southern and Northern District, respec-
Carlos A. Berrio was recognized for
his 23 years of service without an at-
fault accident, while Abraham Castro-

verde, Vicente E. SAez and Luis C.
Zifiiiga were recognized for 22 years of
safe driving. The top three safe drivers
in the Northern District were Clive
Ibarra, who has driven for 20 years
without an at-fault accident, Rodrigo
D. Marin, with 16 and Carlos A. Hall,
with 15.
The program is designed to recognize
all motor vehicle operators for the time
they have driven without an at-fault
accident. Seventy-three Southern Dis-
trict and 31 Northern District drivers
received a wallet-size card stating their

time without incurring an at-fault
accident. They were also given items
such as a key chain, a stainless steel
thermos, a tote bag, calculator and
drink holder for their safe driving

This award program was established
by the Motor Transportation Division
in 1967 to recognize Panama Canal
Commission's drivers' commitment to
safety in the operation of all Commis-
sion motor vehicles.

PCC seeks engineer, architect services

The Panama Canal Commission is
seeking architectural and engineering
services to develop a design and cost
estimate for a project to remodel two
buildings in the Balboa Area.

Engineering/architectural firms or
engineers and architects interested in
being considered for this work should
submit Standard Form 255, "Architect-
Engineer and Related Services Ques-

tionnaire for Specific Project," to the
Engineering Division (ATTN: A/E
Evaluation Board) by April 8. In
addition, Standard Form 254, "Archi-
tect-Engineer and Related Services
Questionnaire," should be submitted if
it is not on file. Forms are available in
Room 343 of the Administration
Building in Balboa Heights.
'For additional information, call
Beltrin Guerra at 52-3432.

Proud to be safe
Southern District drivers hold up the Safe Driver cards and prizes earned as part of
the annual Safe Driver Awards program. The Motor Transportation Division's
Southern District received the Safe Driving trophy for the second consecutive
year. Driver Edwin E. Edwards, third to the left in the bottom row, holds the trophy.

T-shirt contest now underway

The 1988 Fourth of July T-shirt
design contest is now underway in the
Pacific and Atlantic communities. This
year's first-place winner will receive
$100 and the second-place winner will
receive $75. Honorable mentions will be
made in two youth categories, from first
to sixth grade and from seventh to
twelfth grade, which will each receive
$25. The contest is open to everyone.
Entrants should use the words "4th of
July" and "Panama" in their designs,

The Washington Corner.

which should feature a patriotic theme.
This year's Fourth of July celebration
theme is "Celebrating America's He-
roes." Contestants may use as many
colors as they wish. The local Cub Scout
packs will produce and sell the T-shirts
with the winning designs and proceeds
will benefit local scouting. Entries must
be submitted to the U.S. Army South
Public Affairs Office, located in Room
156 of Building 95 in Fort Clayton, by
Friday, May 6. For more information
call 87-3058 or 87-5459.

Photo by Arthur Pollack
Inset by Kevin Jenkins
Safety: more than meets the eye
Ricardo Crompton, heavy mobile equipment mechanic at the Maintenance Division,
center, receives a Life and Limb Award from Utilities Maintenance Branch Chief
Ram6n Ferndndez, far right, upon saving himself a serious eye injury by wearing
protective gear. Looking on are safety and health specialist Ron Ward, far left, and
equipment repair shop foreman Richard Phillips. Crompton was using a 50-ton
hydraulic press to disassemble a coupling when the coupling broke loose and
caused the push rod to slip off, striking squarely on his safety glasses. The inset
shows them after impact.

Position Vacancy List
for Panama Canal Commission and other
U.S. government agency employees only
I.o- Va-
Base ca- can-
Pertranent positions salaries* Unit tion ces
Construction inspector, NM-9 (Driver's license
required) . . . . . . . . $10.98/$14.27 Const. Mgmt. P I
Launch linehandling operations clerk., NM-3/4 $4.55/$6.30 Canal Svcs. A 4
Management assistant (Typing), NM-5 . . $5.42/$6.84 Admin. Svcs. P I
Rigger helper, MG-5 .......... $4.15/$4.43 Industrial A I
Supply clerk, NM-4 . . . . .$4.98/$6.30 Locks A I
Supervisory supply clerk, NM-5 (Swimming ability
and driver's license required) . . . $5.42/$6.84 Locks A I
Temporary positions
(Not to exceed 2 years)
Training instructor (Electronics), NM-9/11I . $10.98/$17.26 Personnel P I
Training instructor (Hoisting Operations),
NM-9/11 (Knowledge of Spanish required) . $10.98/$17.26 Personnel P I
Temporary promotion
(Not to exceed 120 days)
General engineer (Plant), NM-I I . . . $13.28/$17.26 Industrial A I
Applications must be submitted to the Employment and Placement Branch, Building 366,
Ancon, or Building 7998, Margarita, on Form 443, Application for Transfer, no later than seven
days from the date of this publication. Qualification standards may be reviewed at the Panama
Canal Commission Technical Resources Center. Further information may be obtained from the
Employment and Placement Branch, telephone 52-3583, 52-7996 or 46-7219.
The rates of pay reflect the minimum and maximum hourly base for the grades of positions
advertised. Employees selected will be placed in the appropriate step and wage base in accordance
with regulations.
The Panama Canal Commission is an equal opportunity employer.

Gianelli commends Canal employees

The Washington Corner originates in
the Office of the Secretary in Wash-
ington, D.C. Suggestions should be sent
to. the Secretary, Panama Canal
Commission, 2000 L Street NW, Suite
550, Washington, D.C. 20036, or to the
SPILLWAY editor, Panama Canal
Commission, Room 100, Administra-
tion Building, Balboa Heights, Pan-
Congressional Hearings--Congres-
sional Hearings on the Commission's
fiscal year 1989 budget were held on
March 16 (House Appropriation) and
March 17 (House Authorization). At
both. hearings the Panama Canal
Commission Board Chairman William
R. Gianelli made the following com-
ments concerning the loyal service by

Panama Canal employees a matter of
"I would also like to go on record
with a commendation for the employees
of the Panama Canal Commission.
Despite the unsettling political condi-
tions existing in recent months in
Panama, our employees have, through
their wholehearted commitments, con-
tributed to the uninterrupted operation
of the Canal enterprise. This loyalty is
most admirable and should not go
unrecognized. I believe this is a good
indication of the prospects for the
continued orderly operation of the
The Washington Corner believes
these comments should be made
available to employees.


Spillway )M

Administrator, Panama Canal Commission Deputy Administrator
Director of Public Affairs Deputy Director of Public Affairs
Press Officer Acting Editor
The SPILLWAY is an official Panama Canal publication. Articles may be reprinted without further permission by crediting
the PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY as the source. News items should arrive in the Press Office by noon, Thursday, the week
prior to publication. Only urgent, official material will be accepted after the deadline. Subscriptions for 52 issues are $6 regular mail,
$4 regular mail students and $19 airmail. Send check or money order payable to the Panama Canal Commission to the Office of
Public Affairs, APO Miami 34011-5000.

Page 3

Canal watching can be stacks of fun!

By Susan K. Stabler
On the road to Gatun, just past the railroad tracks near the
Chinese garden, you can look straight ahead toward the Panama
Canal at ships gliding by. Trees along the bank block the view,
but if you can see the smokestack, you can often unlock a ship's
Many smokestacks are easy to recognize. The Soviet Union
marks all its vessels with a yellow hammer and sickle on a red
smokestack. Maersk ships go with a seven-pointed white star on
a royal blue stack. And, giant oriental characters on a stack
striped in black, orange and yellow means, a Yang Ming Line
Thousands of ships transit the Canal every year, so you'll
probably never learn all the stacks. But like bird-watching, the
more you practice, the easier recognition becomes.
To get started, study the photos on this page, which identify
the line associated with each stack as well as the agent. K-Line
vessels carry a huge white "K" on a red smokestack. Hanjin Line
uses a white, circled "H" on an orange stack, and Evergreen ships
an eight-pointed forest green star on a white background. An
arrow bent around the word "act" marks Act Line vessels, while
Wallenius Line ships use a big yellow "OW" on a green-banded
stack. Two white bands around a black stack signal a Barber
Blue Sea ship.

!I' 4Li:~

d- cT"

.. ... ^,
.' t *. .

----R !11 I PI5 I


j A-t~

-J .5--


A.~ '
lL I

Wallenius Line: C. Fernie & Co.

* A .

Act Line: Norton Lilly & Co.


Hanjin Line: Boyd Steamship Corporation


by the

Panama Canal Commission

Public Affairs Office

Evergreen Line: Panama Agencies

Barber Blue Sea Line: Barber Wilhelmsen Agencies

" -

!*-;' "

K-Line: Pancanal Shipping Agency

a b~L)




Spill way


Vol. XXVI, N 7
Jueves 31 de marzo 1988

Ascensor rodante facility mantenimiento

.-~- *i8'


j~w ~

Sde altura

Empleados de la Divisi6n
de Mantenimiento de la
Comisi6n del Canal de
Panamd se elevan para
dar mantenimiento a los
aleros del Edificio de
controlando su direcci6n
y altura desde arriba.
Recientemente adquirido
a un cost de $70,000, el
ascensor rodante es el
primero de su tipo
utilizado por la Comisi6n.

Foto por Kevin Jenkins

Por Ana Elena Valdes
Desde noviembre pasado, muchos
visitantes del Edificio de Administra-
ci6n y empleados de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA quizAs han encontra-
do dificil maniobrar alrededor de un.
aparato de mantenimiento que se
asemeja a un elevador human.
El "Manlift" es la mas nueva
adquisici6n de la flota de la Divisi6n de
Mantenimiento y es la primera de su
tipo en la Comisi6n. Fue adquirido en
septiembre del afio pasado a un costo de
$70,000 para permitir a los trabajadores
realizar las labores de altura de manera
segura y productive. El primer trabajo
asignado al ascensor rodante fue dar
mantenimiento a los aleros de concrete
del Edificio de Administraci6n. Es
operado por personal especialmente
adiestrado de la Divisi6n de Manteni-
Despubs de la inspecci6n annual del
edificio, el ingeniero del Ramo de
Arquitectura Robert Earle inform que
los aleros necesitaban mantenimiento.

El Jefe del Ramo de Trabajos de
Mantenimiento Thomas Drohan deci-
di6 que el trabajo debia hacerse
prontamente y que un ascensor rodante
era la manera mas rapida y segura de
hacerlo. La metodologia anterior im-
plicaba un continue armar y desarmar
de andamios, lo que tambi6n hubiera
obstruido el trafico.
Segfin Reynaldo Phipps, capataz del
proyecto, el precio de la maquina ha
resultado mas ventajoso que el de
levantar andamios alrededor del edifi-
cio, sin mencionar el inconvenient.
Ademas, el ascensor rodante ha servido
para lavar las ventanas del edificio.
Tambi6n contribuy6 a los trabajos en
las Esclusas de Miraflores, facilitando la
colocaci6n de Anodos en las paredes de
las esclusas.
El proyecto para dar mantenimiento
a los aleros del Edificio de Administra-
ci6n concluira aproximadamente en
mayo. El ascensor rodante luego sera
trasladado al Edificio 28 para realizar
un mantenimiento similar en Areas altas
dificiles de alcanzar.

Anuncian premios por servicio

La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
ha anunciado los Premios Honorificos
por Servicio P6blico de 1987, que serin
presentados durante una ceremonia a
las 10 a.m. en la rotonda del Edificio de
Administraci6n, el mi&rcoles 4 de mayo.
Con estos premios, la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama cada aio
reconoce los servicios voluntarios a
la comunidad. Este afio, el Adminis-
trador de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama D. P. McAuliffe presentara
25 Premios Honorificos por Servicio
Ptblico a los siguientes ganadores: el
YMCA, Stephen S. Belock, Barbara
Call, Fred Call, Robert M. Carlin,

Alberto Cohen, Laurie Gibson. Jay
Gibson, Daniel W. Goldsworthy,
Melva Elaine Lowe de Goodin.
CapitAn Robert S. Gray, Diana
Hattabaugh, Jos6 C. Ja6n Jr., la
familiar Kirkbride, Susan Lyons, el
Mayor Fred Lyons, JoAnne Mit-
chell, Marcos D. Ostrander, los
bombers del Distrito Norte de la
Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA,
Cleveland C. Soper 111, Capitin
Lewis L. Stabler, Thomas P. Strider,
Henry B. Twohy, el Programa
Navidefio patrocinado por el Co-
mando Sur y el Capitulo Crossroad
de Sweet Adelines, Inc.

Foto por Arthur Pollack

Empleados de Administraci6n de Archivos y de la Oficina de Traductores
obsequian un pastel al cajero de ta b6veda del Edificio de Administraci6n Juan
Tam, reconocidndolo como la "Persona de la Semana"de la Comisi6n del Canalde
Panam6 por no haber perdido el sentido del humor durante el dia de pago del 7 de

Yoto por Kevin Jenkins
Empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd trabajan en la sede de la line de
auxilio instalada por el Administrador durante la actual crisis en el Sal6n de
Conferencias del Edificio de Administraci6n.

Las Solicitudes Postales Fe-
derales para solicitar papeletas de
votaci6n en ausencia pueden obte-
nerse de Myra Perscky, Oficina 251,
Edificio de Administraci6n, o lla-
mando al 52-3544.

Comisi6n anuncia tres
proyectos de ingenieria
La Division de Ingenieria de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama ha
anunciado tres proyectos de ingenieria.
Los documents pertinentes pueden
obtenerse en la Oficina 343 del Edificio
de Administraci6n en Balboa.
El proyecto CC-88-69 es para
excavaciones correctivas en Cucaracha
sureste. El costo estimado oscila entire
$500,000 y $1,000,000, y las ofertas se
recibiran a mas tardar el 18 de abril, a la
1 p.m.
*El proyecto CC-88-68 es para
reemplazar tuberias de agua potable en
las Esclusas de Gatin. El costo
estimado oscila entire $100,000 y
$250,000, y las ofertas se recibiran a mas
tardar el 28 de abril, a la 1 p.m.
El proyecto CC-88-78 es para
retechar un grupo de viviendas. El costo
se estima entire $100,000 y $250,000, y
las ofertas se recibiran a mas tardarel 29
de abril, a la I p.m.

Para obtener informaci6n sobre
el estado de los planes de contingen-
cia para empleados, las condiciones
locales, disponibilidad de alimentos,
cheques dejubilados del gobierno de
los E.U. y pagos de compensaci6n
por incapacidad y por lesiones, Ilame
a la linea de auxilio de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panama al 52-7474.

El parche official de la regata de
cayucos de 1988 fue otorgado a los
participants en la competencia el
pasado fin de semana. La creaci6n del
parche del aio siguiente es tarea de la
tripulaci6n del cayuco ganddor, y los
ganadores de 1987, Steve Mallia, Carl
Winkler, Greg Gramlich y Bill Winford,.
del "NIC", presentaron este, disefiado
por Cristina Martinez. La tripulaci6n
del "Snafu", que gan6 la carrera de
este ano en 5 horas, 31 minutes y 41
segundos, crear6 el parche de 1989.
Ellos son Edwin Vaughn, David Willi-
ford, Shaun Frensley y Greg Gramlich.

I I __ ~







Jueves 31 de marzo 1988

iP6ngase en forma!
Inscribase en las classes de ejercicio
que ofrece el YMCA de Balboa de 9 a
10 a.m. los lunes,jueves y sAbados, y de
5 a 6 p.m. de lunes a viernes. Para
mayor informaci6n, Ilame al 28-1272.

Obra de teatro
El Panama Canal College presentarA
"Patterns", una obra de cinco comedies
sobre situaciones reales de la vida en
Estados Unidos. Junto con estudiantes,
actuarAh en la obra las estrellas
invitadas Sue Norman y Bill GonzAlez.
"Patterns" se presentara los dias 15,
16, 22 y 23 de abril, a las 8 p.m., en el
teatro del college. La entrada es $2 para
adults y los estudiantes del College
entrarAn gratis con su carn6.

Clases de karate
Como parte de su program de artes
marciales, el YMCA de Balboa ofrece
classes de karate a personas mayores de 6
afios, los lunes, mi6rcoles y viernes de 7
a 9 p.m. Para mayor informaci6n, Ilame
al YMCA de Balboa al 28-1247 o al 28-

Servicios de
Semana Santa
La Iglesia Union de Balboa invita al
pfblico a participar en los servicios
religiosos de Semana Santa. La Comu-
ni6n se ofrecerA el Jueves Santo a las
7:30 p.m. El Viernes Santo habrA un
servicio religioso a la 1 p.m. y el
Domingo de Resurrecci6n uno a las 9
La Iglesia Union de Balboa, una
congregaci6n evang6lica e intersectaria,
esta localizada en .el Camino Balboa
entire el Circulo de Stevens y el YMCA.

A .ir

Foto por Kevin Jenkins
El Subadministrador de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panamd Fernando Manfredo Jr.
felicita a Ezequies Pineda, controlador de plagas del Ramo de Sanidad luego de
entregarle un premio por 40 afios de servicio. Pineda se inici6 como obrero en la
Divisi6n de Mantenimiento de la Comisi6n del Canal en 1947. Se traslad6 al Ramo
de Sanidad en 1955 y ahora se especializa en control de roedores.

Nuevos requisitos tributaries

Reforma afecta plan de jubilaci6n

El siguiente articulo fire preparado
por el Servicio de Rentas Internas (IRS)
de los Estados Unidos.

La Ley de Reforma Tributaria de
1986 incluy6 cambios significativos que
afectan los arreglos individuals de
jubilaci6n (IRA). Las nuevas normas,
en vigor en terminos generals desde el 1
de enero de 1987, incluyen nuevos
requisitos de elegibilidad para los que
reclaman deducciones por un IRA en su
devoluci6n de impuestos. Los nuevos
requisitos de elegibilidad se basan en la
cifra del ingreso bruto ajustado del
contribuyente (AGI) y su participaci6n
en algfn plan de jubilaci6n del
Con la nueva ley, el contribuyente
puede deducir la cifra mAxima de
contribuciones al I RA ($2,000 6 100 por
ciento de compensaci6n, lo que sea
menor) s6lo si re6ne uno de los
siguientes criterios:
El individuo no es participate
active (o, en el caso de pareja, uno de los
c6nyuges) en un plan de jubilaci6n del
empleador durante el afio, indepen-
dientemente de su AGI.
El individuo (o, en el caso de
pareja, uno de los c6nyuges) es
participate active en un plan de
jubilaci6n del empleador, y su AGI es
menor de $40,000 por una pareja casada
o de $25,000 por una persona soltera.
Si un individuo (o, en el caso de
pareja, uno de los c6nyuges) es
participate active en un plan de
jubilaci6n de un empleador, la deduc-
ci6n mAxima permitida para contribu-
ciones a un IRA comenzara a
eliminarse cuando el AGI alcance los
$25,000 ($40,000 por pareja). Cuando el
AGI llegue a los $35,000 ($50,000 por
pareja), no se permitiran deducciones
para contribuciones al IRA.
Si bien muchos contribuyentes deben
reducir o eliminar sus contribuciones
deducibles del IRA a causa de los
nuevos requisitos de elegibilidad, pue-
den continuar haciendo contribuciones
no deducibles a un IRA nuevo o ya

existente. Al igual que las ganancias de
las contribuciones deducibles del IRA,
no se aplicara impuesto a las ganancias
de las contribuciones no deducibles.del
IRA, mientras estas no lleguen al
contribuyente, lo que generalmente
ocurre al jubilare, cuando el individuo
puede tener un ingreso inferior sujeto a
La nueva ley tambi6n incluye
cambios en normas relatives a deduc-
ciones del IRA para el c6nyuge, las
contribuciones voluntarias del emplea-
do y la compra de monedas de oro y
plata para un IRA. Las disposiciones
para el c6nyuge se han modificado para
eliminar el requisite de que el c6nyuge
no reciba compensaci6n en el afio a fin
de ser eligible la contribuci6n del
c6nyuge al IRA.
La nueva ley elimina la deducci6n al
IRA antes permitida al empleado por
un plan reconocido. Ademas, desde
principios de 1987, se permit a los
contribuyentes establecer un IRA invir-
tiendo en ciertas monedas de oro y plata
acufiadas por Estados Unidos.
No han sido afectadas por la nueva
ley otras normas fiscales bAsicas
relatives al IRA. Los contribuyentes
pueden continuar estableciendo o
aporfando fondos al IRA durante el
afio fiscal y el aiio siguiente, hasta que
venza el plazo para Ilenar solicitudes de
devoluci6n de impuestos, sin extension.
Los contribuyentes que saquen fon-
dos del IRA antes de cumplir los 59
afios y seis meses deberan pagar un
impuesto adicional del 10 por ciento, a
menos de que el retire se deba a muerte
o incapacidad permanent de un
contribuyente o a la devoluci6n de
contribuciones no deducibles. Los
contribuyentes tambi6n pueden seguir
haciendo cambios de un IRA a otro o
de un plan de jubilaci6n a un IRA.
La publicaci6n "Individual Retire-
ment Arrangements (IRAs)", contiene
mayor informaci6n sobre las nuevas
normas y se puede obtener visitando o
escribiendo a las oficinas del Servicio de
Rentas Internas.

Empleados del Canal

Todos los caminos lo condujeron al Canal

El Canal de PanamA no s6lo ha sido
de gran trascendencia para la Repfblica
de Panamb, sino tambi6n ha trazado el
destiny de muchos ciudadanos en este
pais. Jos6 "Joe" Brown, chofer en la
Division de Transporte Motorizado, es
uno de aqubllos cuyas vidas estin
ligadas al Canal.
A principios de siglo, Thomas Sidney
Brown, el abuelo de Joe, sigui6 a Gladys
GonzAlez, una maestra panamefia,
hasta PanamA. Ella habia ido a
Barbados con un grupo de profesores, y
con sus encantos e histories sobre las
posibilidades de trabajo aqui, conven-
ci6 a Thomas Brown de dejar atras su
familiar y pertenencias.
La pareja se estableci6 en el Area que
hoy se conoce como Emperador y
Thomas Brown emprendi6 un negocio;
compr6 ocho mulas para transportar y
vender mercancia importada en los
poblados a lo largo del ferrocarril.
Tuvieron cinco hijos, tres nifias y dos
nifios, quienes uno a uno se fueron
vinculando al Canal, direct o indirecta-
Angelica trabaj6 en el comisariato.
Su hijo, Col6n Colona, trabaj6 toda su

vida como bombero en el Area del
Canal, y otro hijo, Ra6l Colona, trabaj6
en el departamento de computadoras de
la organizaci6n del Canal.
Su hermano, Jos6 de los Santos
Brown, padre de Joe Brown, trabaj6
como chofer por 10 afios con la
organizaci6n del Canal y la Armada. Al
igual que sus padres, tuvo tres niiias y
dos nifios que de alguna forma se
involucraron con el Canal. Jos6 de los
Santos Brown Jr. es capitAn en la
estaci6n de bombers de Balboa y sirve
como official de enlace para cooperar
con los bombers de la Comisi6n del
Canal de PanamA.
Joe Brown empez6 su carrera
conduciendo camiones y tractores para
la Compafiia de Construcci6n Foster a

Vinculado al Canal
Josd "Joe" Brown se prepare para otra
area como conductor de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panamd.

Foto por Armando De Gracia

finales de la d6cada de los 50. En 1965,
se le autoriz6 para trabajar con toda la
maquinaria del trabajo y poco a poco se
abri6 camino hasta llegara ser operator
de gria y pala. Trabaj6 para el gobierno
de PanamA como operator de gr6a por
ocho afios y comenz6 sus servicios con
la Comisi6n del Canal como operator

-kk II
' .. "
:-15 .,

: ,'

temporal de gr6a durante los trabajos
de reacondicionamiento de las Esclusas
de Gat6n en 1985. En la Comisi6n,
Brown ha sido empleado como chofer
en forma permanent desde 1985, pero
desea poder aplicar su experiencia
como operator de gruia en la agencia

P6gina 2



Jueves 31 de marzo 1988


Pagina 3

Nuevamente Distrito Sur gana trofeo de manejo seguro

Por dos afios consecutivos, el Distrito
Sur de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama gan6 el trofeo por Manejo
Cauteloso de la Divisi6n de Transporte
Motorizado. Con una tasa de acci-
dentes de 6.75 por cada mill6n de millas',
el distrito tuvo la mejor marca de
accidents de culpabilidad. Los Premios
de Conductor Cauteloso se presentaron
el 21 y 24 de marzo al Distrito Sur y
Norte, respectivamente.
Carlos A. Berrio fue reconocido por
23 afios de servicio sin accident de
culpabilidad, mientras que Abraham

Castroverde, Vicente E. Saez y Luis C.
Zifiliga fueron reconocidos por sus 22
afios. Los tres mejores conductores
cautelosos del Distrito Norte fueron
Clive Ibarra, con 20 afios sin un
accident de culpabilidad, Rodrigo D.
Marin, con 16 afios, y Carlos A. Hall,
con 15.

El program reconoce a los operado-
res de vehiculo por el tiempo que han
manejado sin un accident de culpabili-
dad. Setenta y tres conductores del
Distrito Sur y 31 del Distrito Norte

recibieron carn6s y premios como
Sllaveros, terms de acero inoxidable,
bolsas, calculadoras y mangas de vaso
por su manejo cauteloso.
Este program de premios lo estable-

ci6 la Divisi6n de Transporte Motori-
zado en 1967 para reconocer el
compromise de los conductores de
operar seguramente todos los vehiculos
motorizados de la Comisi6n.

Anuncian dos proyectos de remodelaci6n

La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
solicita servicios de arquitectura e
ingenieria para desarrollar el diserio y
presupuesto de un proyecto para
remodelar dos edificios en el area de
Firmas de ingenieria y arquitectura, o
arquitectos e ingenieros individuals
interesados en realizar este trabajo
deben someter el Formulario 255,
"Cuestionario para Arquitectos-Inge-
nieros y Servicios Relacionados a un

Proyecto Especifico", a la Divisi6n de
Ingenieria (Atenci6n: A/E Evaluation
Board) a mas tardar el 8 de abril.
Ademas, deberan someter el Formula-
rio 254, "Cuestionario para Arquitec-
tos-Ingenieros y Servicios Relaciona-
dos", si no ha sido sometido anterior-
mente. Los formularios se pueden
obtener en la oficina 343, Edificio de
Administraci6n, Altos de Balboa.'
Para mayor informaci6n, Ilame a
Beltrin Guerra al 52-3432.

Orgullosos de ser cautelosos.
Los conductores del Distrito Sur muestran sus carnds de Conductor Cauteloso y
los premios recibidos como parte del program de Premios para Conductores
Cautelosos. Por segundo aiio consecutive, el Distrito Sur de la Divisi6n de
Transporte Motorizado gan6 el trofeo de Manejo Cauteloso. El conductor Edwin
E. Edwards, tercero a la izquierda en la primera fila, sostiene el trofeo.

Abre a concurso diseiio de camiseta

El concurso de disefio de camisetas
conmemorativas del 4 dejulio de 1988 ya
se inici6 en las comunidades del Pacifico
y el Atlantico. Este afio, el ganador del
primer premio recibird $100 y el del
segundo $75. Se haran menciones
honorificas en dos categories juveniles,
primaria y secundaria, que recibiran $25
cada uno. El concurso esta abierto a
Cada concursante debe usar la frase
"4th of July" y "Panama" en su diseiio,
resaltando un tema patri6tico. Este aiio
el tema del 4 de julio es "Celebrando a

los heroes americanos". Los concur-
santes pueden utilizar cuantos colors
deseen. Tropas locales de lobatos
produciran y venderan las camisetas
con los disefios premiados y la
recaudaci6n se asignari a sus activida-
Los disefios a concurso deben
enviarse a la Oficina de Informaci6n del
Ej6rcito de los Estados Unidos, oficina
156, Edificio 95 en Fuerte Clayton, a
mas tardar el viernes 6 de mayo. Para
mayor informaci6n, Ilame al 87-3058 6
al 87-5459.

Soto por Arthur Pollack-lnserci6n por Kevin Jenkins
Seguridad a la vista
Ricardo Crompton, mec6nico de equipo pesado de la Divisi6n de Mantenimiento,
al centro, recibe el Premio de Seguridad Industrial del Jefe del Ramo de
Mantenimiento de Servicios Pdblicos Ram6n Fernandez, a la derecha, por
salvarse de un grave daiio a los ojos usando equipo protector. Lo acompaiian el
especialista en seguridad y salud Ron Ward, a la izquierda, y el capataz del
almacen de reparaci6n de equipo Richard Phillips. Crompton desarmaba un
acoplamiento con una presa hidrdulica de 50 toneladas, cuando elacomplamiento
se solt6, ocasionando el deslizamiento de la varilla de empuje que lo golpe6
exactamente en las gafas de seguridad. La inserci6n las muestra luego del

Lista de Vacantes
Para empleados de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama y otras
S agencies del gobierno de los Estados Unidos
Direcci6n Va-
o Si- can-
Puestos permanentes Salario* Unidad tio tes
Inspector de construcci6n, NM-9 (Requiere licencia
de conductor) .............. .$10.98/$14.27 Adm. Const. P I
Oficinista de operaciones de pasacables de lanchas,
NM-3/4 . . . . . . . . $4.55/$6.30 Serv. Canal A 4
Asistente de administraci6n (Mecanografia), NM-5 $5.42/$6.84 Serv. Adm. P I
Ayudante de aparejador, MG-5 . . . .. $4.15/$4.83 Industrial A I
Oficinista de abastos, NM-4 ........ $4.98/$6.30 Esclusas A .1
Oficinista supervisor(a) de abastos, NM-5 (Debe
saber nadar y tener licencia de conductor) . $5.42/$6.84 Esclusas A I
Puestos temporales
(Maximo de 2 afios)
Instructor de adiestramiento (Electr6nica),
.NM-9/ . . . . . . . . $10.98/$17.26 Personal P I
Instructor(a), cursos de adiestramiento (Opera-
ciones de izamiento), NM-9/11 (Debe saber
espafiol) . . . . . . . . $10.98/$17.26 Personal P I
Ascenso temporal
(Miximo de 120 dias)
Ingeniero general.(Planta), NM-I I ..... .$13.28/$17.26 Industrial A I
Las solicitudes se recibirin en el Ramo de Empleo y'Colocaciones ubicado en el Edificio 366, en
Anc6n, o en el Edificio 7998, en Margarita, en el Formulario 443, Solicitud de Traslado, y deberA
ser recibida en el Ramo dentro de los pr6ximos siete dias calendarios posteriores a la fecha de esta
publicaci6n. Los requisitos de los puestos pueden verificarse en el Centro de Recursos T6cnicos de
la Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. Para mayor informaci6n Ilame al Ramo de Empleo y
Colocaciones, a los tel6fonos 52-3583, 52-7996 6 46-7219.
*Los salaries devengados reflejan las tarifas minimas y mAximas por hora para los grades de las
posiciones anunciadas. Los empleados que sean escogidos serAn colocados en el escal6n y salario
correspondientes de acuerdo con los reglamentos.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panamb es un empleador que so ajusta a la Lay sobre Igualdad de Oportunidades.

esde Washington_

Gianelli felicita a empleados

Esta column se original en la Oficina
del Secretario en Washington, D.C.
Cualquier sugerencia se debe enviar a:
Secretary, Panama Canal Commission,
2000 L Street NW, Suite 550, Washing-
ton, D.C. 20036, o a la editor del
SPILLWA Y, Oficina 100, Edificio de
Administracidn, Comisidn del Canalde
Panamd, Balboa, Panamd.

Audiencia del Congreso-Las au-
diencias del Congreso sobre el presu-
puesto de la Comisi6n para el afio fiscal
1989 se realizaron el 16 de marzo
(Asignaci6n de la Cimara de Represen-
tantes) y el 17 de marzo (Autorizaci6n
de la CAmara de Representantes). En
ambas, el Presidente de la Junta
Directiva de la Comisi6n del Canal de

Panama William R. Gianelli hizo
constar en el acta los siguientes
comentarios referentes al servicio leal
prestado por la fuerza laboral del Canal:
"Me gustaria que constara tambi6n el
reconocimiento a los empleados de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. A
pesar de las inquietantes condiciones
political en Panama en meses recientes,
nuestros empleados, con su sincere
compromise, han contribuido a la
operaci6n ininterrumpida de la empresa
canalera. Esa lealtad es admirable y no
debe pasar inadvertida. Creo que es una
buena serial de las perspectives de la
operaci6n continue y ordenada del
Esta column opina que la fuerza
laboral debe conocer estos comentarios.


Administrador de la Comisi6n del Canal


Director de Relaciones Publicas Subdirectora de Relaciones Ptblicas
Official de Prensa Directora Encargada
El SPILLWAY es una publicaci6n official del Canal de Panama. Los articulos que en ella aparecen pueden ser reproducidos sin
pedir autorizaci6n, (nicamente acreditando al SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA como la fuentc. Toda colaboraci6n
debe star en la Oficina de Prensa antes del mediodia del jueves anterior a su publicaci6n. Despu6s de esa fecha s61o se aceptarAn
noticias oficiales de urgencia. Las subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo ordinario, $4 por corrco ordinario para
estudiantes y $19 por correo a6reo. Envie cheque o giro postal a favor de la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama, dirigido a la Oficina de
Informaci6n y Relaciones Ptiblicas, APO Miami 34011-5000.

ePuede identificar las chimeneas del CanaP
Por Susan K. Stabler
De camino a Gatfn,. un poco inis alli de la via ferroviaria
cerca de los jardines chinos, se ven las naves deslizar por el Canal
de Panama. Los Lrboles de las riberas a veces estorban la vista,
pero si ve la chimenea de un buque, quizas pueda descifrar su
Es facil reconocer a muchas de las chimeneas. Por ejemplo,
toda nave de la Uni6n Sovi6tica tiene hoz y martillo amarillos
sobre una chimenea de fondo rojo. La Maersk Lines usa una
estrella blanca de siete puntas sobre fondo azul. La Yang Ming
Line utiliza grandes figures orientales sobre fondo de franjas
naranja, amarillo y negro.
Cada afio transitan miles de naves por el Canal, por lo que es
dificil conocer todas las chimeneas. Pero, como en la observaci6n
de aves, con la practice se mejora la identificaci6n.
Para comenzar, estudie las fotos que identifican las lines
asociadas a cada chimenea y sus agents, en esta pagina. Las
naves K-Line usan una gigantesca "K" sobre fondo rojo. La
Hanjin Line se identifica por una "H" blanca en circulo sobre
fondo naranja, mientras que la Evergreen tiene una estrella verde
de ocho puntas en una chimenea blanca. Una flecha rodea la
palabra "act", indicando la Act Line, y la Wallenius se conoce por
las letras "OW" amarillas en una chimenea con banda verde. Dos
bandas blancas en una chimenea negra sefialan a una nave
Barber Blue Sea.

..AL till & o.

Act Line: Norton Lilly & Co.

S.. ,

.i. n .
W .. L : F ; Cs

Wallenius Line: C. Fernie & Co.

; -ig~a l ^ *

* "

. .


A I t1


i-.. ia saa

-1. -r..r ~ -.

p'a .w

Hanjin Line: Boyd Steamship Corporation

Fotos por la

Oficina de Relaciones



Canal de Panama

Evergreen Line: Panama Agencies

71~;~CL ~

C". jrj
i IL



Barber Blue Sea Line: Barber Wilhelmsen Agencies

f ;'-

:P '
FF91F ~


J .x

. S- ; 'I





-Y'..1.1 -.

ii~p~2;pi:.G sit t~

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