Group Title: Panama Canal spillway : el Canal de Panamá spillway
Title: The Panama Canal spillway =
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: The Panama Canal spillway = el Canal de Panamá spillway
Alternate Title: Spillway
Canal de Panamá Spillway
Spillway del Canal de Panamá
Physical Description: 37 v. : ill. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Canal Zone
Canal Zone
Panama Canal Company
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
United States
Publisher: Panama Canal
Place of Publication: Balboa Hights C.Z
Balboa Hights, C.Z
Publication Date: December 21, 1984
Copyright Date: 1986
Frequency: biweekly[jan. 6, 1984-1999]
weekly[ former -dec. 23, 1983]
Subject: Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: Text in English and Spanish; Spanish text inverted.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 33 (Feb. 1, 1963)-Vol. 37, no. 26 (Dec. 30, 1999).
Issuing Body: Issued by: Government of the Canal Zone <June 24, 1966-June 13 1969>; by the Panama Canal Company, <Aug. 13, 1976>-Sept. 14, 1979; by the Panama Canal Commission, Sept. 20, 1979-Dec. 1999.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication."
General Note: Imprint varies: Balboa Hights, <1966-1978>; Miami, Fla., <1979-1982>; Balboa Heights, Pan. <1983>-1999.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 5, no. 1 (June 24, 1966); title from caption.
General Note: Vols. for 1994-1995 distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Special "80th anniversary supplement" issue published on Aug. 12, 1994.
General Note: Special ed. for 65th anniversary of the Panama Canal issued at end of Oct. 1979, is also a joint issue with: The News: authorized unofficial publication of the U.S. Armed Forces, Quarry Heights, Panama, and includes the text of the Panama Canal Act.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094771
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02582102
lccn - 83642750
issn - 0364-8044
oclc - 2582102
 Related Items
Preceded by: Spillway
Succeeded by: Faro (Balboa, Panama)

Full Text



n December 21, 1984

Four employees named to top slots

Slide presentation Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives Merchant Marine and
Fisheries Committee give their undivided attention to a slidepresentation
by Richard A. Wainio, chief of the Panama Canal Commission Economic
Research and Market Development Division. The committee visited the
Isthmus earlier this month to receive an orientation on the Panama
Canal, highlighted by visits to the locks, Dredging Division, marine traffic
control center and other installations. The visiting representatives
included Carroll Hubbard Jr., chairman of the Subcommittee on the
Panama Canal and the Outer Continental Shelf; subcommittee members
Robert Borski, Douglas H. Bosco, Barbara A. Mikulski and W. J. Tauzin;
Webb Franklin; Norman D. Shumway; and Robin Tallon.

"Spillway" celebrates holiday season

It is with pleasure that the staff of
the SPILLWAY presents this special
edition in observance of the holiday
season. Wrapped inside this 16-
page package are a number of
features intended to capture the
interest of our readers.
The Panama Canal celebrated its
70th anniversary in 1984, and as the
yeai comes toa close, iheSPILLWAY

wraps up its celebration on pages 4
and 5. Page 6 offers several sugges-
tions for caroling on the Canal, and
page 7 contains other special holi-
day features. Last, but not least, is a
page of cruise news.
We hope that our readers will
enjoy this special issue and that
each and every one of you will have
a safe and happy holiday season!

CSS offers maternity benefits

This article on maternitybenefiis
is part of the continuing series on
the Panama Social Security Fund
and is based on a booklet prepared
by .the CSS Economic Benefits
Directorate. Covered employees
are urged to clip and save this
material for future reference. For
further information or to have
questions answered, beneficiaries
should visit the CSS Customer
Relations Department on the site of
the old Casa Miiller on Central
Avenue in the Calidoniaareaorcall
the department at 62-0155 or 62-

/Maternity benefits offered by
Panama's Social Security Fund
include obstetrical care during preg-
nancy, childbirth and the period

following delivery for female em-
ployees covered by the fund.
Eligible employees are also en-
titled to cash benefits for a six-week
period before and an eight-week
period after the delivery. The pro-
cedures through which Panama
Canal Commission employees may
claim these benefits is outlined in a
booklet prepared by the Office of
Personnel Administration titled In-
formation on the Panama Social
Security System for Beneficiaries
and Supervisors Employed by the
Panama Canal Commission."
To qualify for maternity benefits,
an employee must have made at
least nine payments into the fund
during the 12 months prior to her
seventh month of pregnancy.
The cash benefit for the six-week
(Continued on page 3)

Two recent retirements have re-
sulted in the appointment of two
Panamanians and two U.S. citizens
to positions of greater responsibility
in the Panama Canal Commission.
Michael N. Stephenson has stepped
up from deputy director to director
of the Office of Industrial Relations,
replacing William R. Bell; Edsel
Wong has succeeded Mr. Stephenson
as deputy; John Y. Wagner has
been named deputy director of the
Office of Personnel Administra-
tion, replacing William D. Young;
and George A. Mercier has succeeded
Mr. Wagner as chief of the Person-
nel Operations Division.

Mr. Stephenson graduated from
Cristobal High School in 1960 and
from the University of Oklahoma
with a B. A. in government in 1966/
He returned to Panama with the
Army, and when his tour of duty
ended, worked for a local contractor
until he was offered employment
with the Atlantic Personnel Office
as a position classification specialist.
In 1974, he became chief of the
office, and has worked for the
Canal organization in a number of
other positions since that time. Mr.
Stephenson went to the Industrial
Relations Office in 1980 and became
deputy director in November 1983.

Mr. Wong, a former president of
Local 907(AFSCME)-AFL/CIO),
attended Colegio La Salle through
his junior year, then transferred to

In a few days, the Christian world
will be celebrating anotheranniver-
sary of the birth of Jesus Christ. At
the same time, a number of parents
are celebrating or preparing to
celebrate the births of their own
children. Many establishments in
Panama that deal in maternity
clothes and baby itemsareavailable
to help parents prepare for the
blessed event.
Maternity, on Via Argentina op-
posite the Andres Bello park, and
Prenatique, at the recently inaugu-
rated Plaza Paitilla, are the prin-
cipal dealers in maternity clothes.
In addition, this type of specialized
apparel, as well as items for the
arriving member of the family, can
be found in large department stores,
including the Dante outlets on 50th
Street and El Dorado shopping
center, Linmar stores on Via Ar-
gentina and El Dorado, Bon Bini,
Cuqui Coquette and Diorvett.
Stores that concentrate on baby
clothes, furniture and related ac-
cessories include Baby Chic in El
Dorado and La Canastilla, which
has outlets on 50th Street (across
from Taco Bell) and in Plaza
California on Avenida Ricardo J.
Alfaro (Tumba Muerto). Poppy's,
which is across from, and La Cigie-
fla, which is next to the Mexico
theater on Via Espafia, are also
ideal locations to shop for baby
Others areChiquitina, which is a
few steps down the street from the
Executive hotel, Los Meninos on
50th Street across from Mes6ndela

East High School in Sioux City,
Iowa, graduating in 1949. He studied
engineering in the United States
and, in 1953, returned to Panama
and enrolled in the University of
Panama public administration pro-
gram. His first U.S. governmentjob
was with the Inter-American Air
Forces Academy at Albrook. He
left this position in January 1957
when he was appointed laborattache
to the Panamanian Embassy in
Washington, D. C. After com-
pleting this tour of duty, he was
employed in Panama City for al-
most a year before returning to
IAAFA. He joined the Canal or-
ganization's Adverse and Disci-
plinary Action Section in 1970 and
became chief six years later.
Mr. Wagner came to the Canal
area at the age ofnine. Hegraduated
from Balboa High School in 1954
and attended Canal Zone Junior
College until 1956, when he joined
the Air Force. Returning to Panama
after his discharge, he completed
junior college before going on to
Ohio State University, where he
earned a bachelor's degree in science
and business administration in 1962.
He returned to the Canal as a
marine traffic controller and later
became an admeasurer. In Decem-
ber 1964, he transferred into the
Cristobal Personnel Office and, by
May of 1977, had worked his way
up to chief of the Personnel Oper-
ations Division. During periods of
leave, he had completed work on a

Paella; Novedades Marita, located
off Via Espafia opposite the park-
ing lot for El Panama Hilton;
Disney's across the street from
Central Avenue and J Street; and
Bazaar X, located on Central Ave-
nue diagonal to the former lottery
office and one block down from
Santa Ana Plaza. Dealing exclu-
sively in children's shoes, ortho-

master's degree in management at
the University of Illinois.
Mr. Mercier graduated from Cris-
tobal High School in 1957 and
received a bachelor's degree in Hotel
and Restaurant Management from
Michigan State University in 1962.
He joined the Canal organization
shortly thereafter as manager of a
Supply Division cafeteria and, in
1966, transferred to the Personnel
Office in Cristobal. He served in a
number of personnel positions on
both sides of the Isthmus before
joining the Industrial Relations staff.
In October 1983, Mr. Mercier was
asked to head the management
contingent of a newly formed labor-
management committee for the
Commission's 7,600-member non-
professional bargaining unit.

Sixty days is maxi
Panama Canal Commission
employees who are planning to
retire are advised that they must
vacate Commission housing no
later than sixty days after sepa-
Employees and dependents
may retain their U.S. official
passports and Panama special
entry/exit cards for sixty days
and will be eligible for non-
elective medical care at U.S.
Army Medical Department
(MEDDAC) facilities for the
same period. For further in-
formation, call 52-7757 or 52-

pedic and non-orthopedic alike, is
the recently opened Ortobamby
outlet on Justo Arosemena Avenue
a few steps from the Bella Vista
In Colon, mothers-to-be can find
maternity clothes and things for
their expected children at Capri
or Almac6n Vanidades, and baby
items are available at Flipper.

Navy League visit Photo by Armando De Gracia
Members of the Panama Chapterof the U.S. Navy League look over some
of the training equipment used by the Panama Canal Nautical School
during a visit to the school to discuss ways in which the league can be of
assistance to the institution. Over the past few years, the chapter has
donated five scholarships for the training of ship officers, and the purpose
of the visit was to determine whether the group could provide additional
aid to the school. From left are Emilio Batista, deputy director of the
school; instructor Antonio Sudrez; Panama Canal Commission Marine
Director Capt. George T. Hull; instructor Enoch Rodriguez; International
Maritime Organization adviser Capt. Eduardo Cruz; chapter president
Mick O'Hearn; senior vice president Ray Burck; second vice president
Ephraim B. Le6n-Guerrero; and instructor Luis Vega.

Shopping in Panama

Local establishments cater to

How's the Canal Doing?

The following statistics reflect Canal operations and usage
for the month of November:
Average oceangoing transits-31.9 ships per day
Average ready backlog--14.1 ships
Average Canal waters time--19.7 hours
(including transit time)
Average in-transit time-8.5 hours
Ships with beams over 80 feet-47.2 percent
Ships with beams over 100 feet-20.8 percent
Canal water-watchers report that lakes are at optimum
levels for the start of the dry season.
Installed in the Marine Bureau's new training facility in late
September, the Navigation Division simulator has been in-
corporated into the pilot understudy and pilot-in-training
programs. The simulator is proving to be an effective aid in
familiarizing the students with the Canal and its entrance
channels and in teaching them to handle the types of ships that
transit the waterway.,


December 21, 1984

Saturday swim
The Balboa Armed Servic
YMCA will be offering fam
swimming classes each Saturd;
beginning January 5, fora period
eight weeks. Adult classes will
from 8 to 8:45 a.m., intermedia
and advanced beginners from 8:
to 9:30 a.m., infants from 10
10:30 a.m., beginners age 4 tC
from 10:30 to 11:45 a.m., begin
age7 and 8 from 11:45 a.m. to I
p.m., beginners age 9 to 12 fr
12:30 to 1:15 p.m. and adults fri
1:15 to 2 p.m.
Call 52-2839 or 52-2759 for f
their information.
IT seeks members
An organizational meeting of
Surfside Theatre Improvisatio
Theatre group (IT) will be held
January 4, and anyone who
interested in joining the group
invited to attend.
IT is seeking new talent,
perienced or inexperienced, of
age groups. Stand-up comedia
comedy-skit writers and perform
ers, magicians, jugglers, musi
acts, improvisational actors a
actresses and any other type
performer who is seeking an ou
to exercise an original talent or
opportunity to learn is welcome
For more information, drop
the theater at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesc
evenings or call 82-4507.


Santa's sleigh
Santa and his helpers have an-
nounced their Christmas Eve itin-
erary. In Diablo, the sleigh will stop
at Walker Avenue and Sibert Street
at about 6 p.m., going on to
Quarters 5184 on Parsons Street,
the former clubhouse and the tennis
courts on Hains Street. The Los
:es Rios tour will begin at the elemen-
ily tary school at about 7 p.m. with
ay, later stops at 6435 Camaron Street
Sof and 6580 Caimito Street. At about
be 7:45 p.m., Santa's sleigh should be
tes making its last stop at the Cardenas
:45 Community Building. Residents of
to towns other than Diablo, Los Rios
o 6 and Cardenas should meet Santa's
ers sleigh when it visits the former
:15 Diablo clubhouse.

om "West Side Story"
Attention actors, musicians, stage-
ur- hands and theater enthusiasts! Au-
ditions for the most popular mu-
sical drama of our time, "West Side
Story," will be held in the Panama
the Canal College auditorium January
nal 15 and 17 at 8 p.m. The production,
on based on Shakespeare's tragedy,
is "Romeo and Juliet," is slated for
; is presentation in April. A cast of 39
will be required.
ex- Director Bruce Quinn's plans for
all the college's production of the
ns, musical include innovative musical
rm- arrangements, with the "Sharks,"
cal the Puerto Rican gang, singing
nd their musical numbers in Spanish
of and the "Jets," the American gang,
tlet performing their songs in English.
an Dialogue in the show also will be
. bilingual. Vera Bomford will cho-
by reograph the dance numbers. For
day more information, call 52-3103
during regular duty hours.

Canal People

Christmas Eve service
The community is cordially in-
vited to attend the Christmas Eve
Service at Balboa Union Churchat
7 p.m. The service will abound with
music, including Christmas carols,
and the tradition of placing lighted
candles on the lawn of the church
that began more than 40 years ago
will again be part of the service.
Balboa Union Church is located on
Balboa Road at San Pablo Place,
near the Balboa Post Office.

Crossroads cantata
The Christmas cantata "His Love
Reaching" will be presented by the
Crossroads Bible Church choir at 6
p.m. this Sunday, December 23.
The 35-voice choir is directed by
Bill Forbes.
Computer courses
The Cristobal Armed Services
YMCA is now accepting registra-
tion for two computer courses,
"Introduction to Computer Oper-
ations" and "Advanced Program-
ming," that will begin in January.
The instructor. Carlo Monsanto,
will determine meeting days and
times as the class is established. To
sign up or for further information,
call 41-6868 or 41-6869.

Comedy-drama auditions
Auditions for the Ed Graczyk
comedy-drama "Come Back to the
5 & Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy
Dean" will be held on January 10
and 11 at the Theatre Guild. Spon-
sored jointly by the guild and the
Commission Office of Equal Op-
portunity, the production will be a
prelude to the Commission's Wom-
en's Week, which is planned for
"The script provides unusual
challenge for women who want to
act," says Bruce Quinn, who will
direct the local production. Orig-
inally directed on Broadway by
Robert Altman in 1980,with Sandy
Dennis, Cher and Karen Black
starring, the show has a cast of ten
women and one man. It is set in the
small West Texas town where the
movie "Giant," starring Jimmy Dean
and Elizabeth Taylor, was filmed.
Racquetball tourney
The Panama Canal Commission
Employee Fitness Branch is spon-
soring a women's racquetball tour-
nament, beginning on January 7.
Registration is under way at the
Balboa gymnasium and the Diablo
playshelter until December 28. For
more information call 52-6827, 52-
3211 or 52-2903.

Cristobal YMCA
The Cristobal YMCA offers on-
going courses in English, Spanish.
gymnastics, aerobic exercises and
karate. The Y also maintains barber
and beauty shops, a gift shop and a
restaurant. These facilities are open
for business Monday through Fri-
For further information, stop by
the YMCA or call 41-6868 or 41-

Gatun Pool family day.
The Gatun Pool will host a
"Family Day Swim Meet" be-
ginning at noon on Saturday, De-
cember 29. Persons of all ages are
invited to participate andjoin in the
The meet will feature both tradi-
tional and not-so-traditional races,
including everything from crawl,
back stroke, breast stroke and
relays, to inner tube and pingpong
ball competitions.
Parents are urged to accompany
their children to the pool and to
bring alongfood and beverages that
can be shared, pot-luck-style, with
other parents and children.
Further information may be ob-
tained by calling the Gatun Poolat
Karate classes
The Balboa Armed Services
YMCA's Shotokan karate martial
art program is scheduled to begin
on January 7, with classes from 7 to
9 p.m. every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday. The class is open to
persons over 8 years of age. For
more information, call the YMCA
at 52-2839 or 52-2759.

RAC 'n SAC news

Elections for Pacific Residents'
Advisory Committee representa-
tives will be-held on January 14.
Commission housing residents who
are 18 years or older and interested
in becoming representatives should
call Henry Twohy at 52-3288 or
Pauline Fulop at 52-7801.

With Ellie Gale, it's all for the birds

by Maria Balonon
The holiday season has always
been special to Ellie Gale. During
this time of year, sheisas likelytobe
out counting sandpipers for the
Panama AudubonSociety'sannual
Christmas bird count as she is to be
at home decorating her tree. On
Christmas Eve in 1974, an ocelot
cub only a few hours old and in need
of a foster mother was brought to
her door and, with her care, later
grew into a healthy adult animal,
now in a propagation program for
endangered Panamanian wildlife.
And, on this Christmas Eve, she will
begin her newjob as a management
analyst in the Systems Division.
Mrs. Gale met her veterinarian-
zoologist husband, Dr. Nathan
Gale, in 1964 when both were
working at the Los Angeles Zoo.
They share a fascination with wild-
life, and their interest inandexperi-
ence with animals have proven
invaluable as they have actively
explored and enjoyed the country
of Panama since theirarrival here in
Dr. Gale's work as chief of the
U.S. Army Veterinary Activities
Animal Medicine Branch and his
involvement in many projects and
organizations for the preservation
and health of wildlife have brought
many animals into their home for
care. "Over the past 12 years, I have
had the fun and gratification of
helping to care for dozens of or-
phaned wild animals, from harpy
eagles to river otters,"she explains.
At the moment, the Gales share

their home with one blue-and-gold
macaw; four golden Queen of Ba-
varia conures, members of an en-,
dangered parrot species from Brazil;
a crocodile; two eagles; two mixed
breed cats; and two Doberman
In 1975, Mrs. Gale began work-
ing with the Panama Canal Com-
pany as an intermittent clerk-ste-
nographer. The flexible schedule,
she says, was ideal because itallowed
plenty of time for her to be home
with the animals while pursuing her
career. But her skills quickly led to
full-time employment and, though
her career has become top priority,
she still finds time to be deeply
involved with animals.
A member of the Panama Audu-
bon Society since 1972, she served
as the society's project fund-raiser
for 1983 and 1984, and is expected
to take on the responsibility as
president in 1985. Hercontribution
to the society, she hopes, will be to
help others, especially young peo-
ple, develop an interest in birds and
the preservation of their habitats.
Mrs. Gale feels that one of the
most enjoyable ways to learn about
birds is to participate in the society's
annual Christmas bird counts. An
important function of the counts is
to help identify the geographical
patterns and numbers of indigen-
ousand migrating birds. This knowl-
edge is critical to groups trying to
understand the threats to bird hab-
itats posed by deforestation and
other inroads of modern civiliza-
tion, and the information can be

invaluable in supporting preserva-
tion efforts.
Meanwhile, as Mrs. Gale pointed
out in her recent Awareness Week
talk titled "Count Birds for Christ-
mas," people involved can enjoy
themselves by watchingbirdson the
beach, in thejungle or even in their
own backyard.
Through their professional con-
tacts with persons in various fields
related to birds and other animals,
the Gales have been enriched by not
onlythe "fine young animals we've
cared for," but also the many
fascinating people they have come
to know. "Since 1972," explains
Mrs. Gale, "our house has been like
a hotel for animals and people.
There's always been a stream of
interesting house guests and animal
Not one to pass up an oppor-
tunity to learn from others and
share the results, she has just com-
pleted a cookbook in which she has
compiled recipes from the many
biologists and their families who
have visited in her home and who
have welcomed her into their homes.
Titled "Birdie-in-the-Tree Cook-
book," it will be available for
purchase through the Panama Au-
dubon Society early in 1985, with
portion of the proceeds going to
various society conservation pro-
The cookbook and its recipes
also reflect Mrs. Gale's deep in-
terest in the Indian cultures of
Panama, especially in the original
art forms used by the Indians to

a \ ,

Bird in the hand Photo by Maria Balonon
Ellie Gale's love of animals extends both to her pet blue-and-gold macaw,
"Josd," and to the Waunaan Indian wood carvings she collects.

express their natural environment
and its wildlife. "These people have
a very sensitive awareness of the
balance of nature," she says. "Their
work is simply beautiful." In her
many trips into the interior, Mrs.
Gale has developed meaningful
relationships with many of the
Indian groups, and she does what
she can to encourage them to
maintain their art in its original
She has developed a fondness for
the animal wood carvings done by
the Waunaan Indians of the Darien,
and feels that the harmony that this
culture maintains with the natural
forest and the respect their wood
carvings reflect for the wildlife with

which they live are unique. In addi-
tion, soon after her arrival in
Panama, Mrs. Gale, like hundreds
of other visitors and residents,
learned to admire the originality
and natural expression of the molas
made by the Kuna Indians. She has
collected many of these lovely works
of art, especially those with animal
motifs, and shares them with her
stateside friends.
Mrs. Gale is concerned for the
people, animals and environment
of Panama. She hopes that through
her various activities she can in
some small way contribute to a
future that will conserve this land
and its inhabitants for future gen-

PaoP 2

X art; A,

i -


"' :. .'~ .' r:l-

December 21, 1984


January training courses scheduled

The schedule of Employee and
Management Development Branch
training courses that will be offered
to Commission employees be-
ginning in January is provided
below. Information on contents,
eligibility requirements and pre-
requisites can be found in the "Cat-
alog of Training Courses," which
is available in every office.
Those interested in and eligible
for a given course should notify
their bureau's training program
manager, who is responsible for
submitting nominations to the Em-
ployee and Management Develop-
ment Branch by the suspense dates
shown. Two weeks before each
course begins, the branch will no-
tify the training program manager
which nominees have beenselected.
With the exception of "Intro to
Microcomputers and Supercalc,"
which will be offered in Room 10 of

Course. Dates
Basic Writing Skills........ 1/15-2/15
Tues. & Fri
Effective Writing Skills..... /15-2/1
Tues. & Fri
Intro to Microcomputers and

Supercalc ...............

1/14& 1/17
1/15& 1/18

Applied Leadership*....... 1/15 & I/
Managing Conflict......... 1/15-1/18
Supervisors' Occupational
Conference** .......... 1/17
Communication Skills
Workshop ............. 1/22-1/24
Telephone Techniques...... 1/29
Performance Management
Skills* ................. 1/29-1/31
Conference Leadership ..... 1/29-1/31
Career Development
Workshop ............. 1/31-2/1
SSupervisory--group 3
** Supervisory core course all


the Balboa Heights Administration
Building, all classes on the Pacific
side will be held at the Panama
Canal Training Center. The At-
lantic-side courses will be held at
Building 206 in Gatun.
In addition to the courses listed
below, the popular 29-minute
Boeing video tapes, "Intro to Data
Processing," will be run again at the
Training Center in rooms I and 2.
On January 23, "Hardware and
Software" will be shown at I p.m.,
"System Analysis" at 1:45 p.m. and
"On-Line Processing" at 2:30 p.m.
The following day,"Computer Aids
to Management" will be shown at 1
p. m. and"M icrocomputers"at 1:45
p.m. Interested persons or groups
may call Pamela Williams at 52-
7872 to reserve spaces. Equivalent
core credit may be approved for
employees presently in managerial

7:30 a.m.- 9:30 a.m.

9:45 a.m.- 1:45 a.m.

8:00 a.m.- noon
12:45 p.m.- 4:15 p.m.
8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

7:30 a.m.- 3:30 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
12:30 p.m.- 4:00 p.m.

Fitness centers announce holiday hours

Employee Fitness Branch facilities that willchange their operatinghours
during the holiday season are listed below. The changes will be in effect
from December 23 to January 5.

Margarita youth and community center (46-7455)
Monday ............ ................. 3:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m.
Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday ...... 2:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m.
Friday ............................. 2:00 p.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Sunday and Tuesday .........................Closed

Diablo playshelter and weight room (52-6827)
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday 7:15 a.m.- 9:00 p.m.
Saturday .................. ......... 8:00 a.m.- 2:00 p.m.
Sunday and Tuesday ......................... Closed

Gamboa playshelter (56-6247)
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday 10:30 a.m.- 6:30 p.m.
Saturday ............................. 8:30 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
Sunday and Tuesday ....................... .. Closed

Balboa gym (52-2903)
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday 4:00 p.m.- 9:00 p.m.
Saturday ..................... ;....... 8:00 a.m.- 2:00 p.m.
Sunday and Tuesday .......................... Closed

Gatun gym (43-5242)
Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday 11:00 a.m.- 7:00 p.m.
Saturday ............................. 8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
Sunday and Tuesday ........................Closed

Margarita pool (46-7229),
Balboa pool (52-5493)
Thursday and Friday ................. 10:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Saturday, Sunday and Monday .......... 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
Tuesday and Wednesday............... ......Closed

Gatun pool (43-5233)
Wednesday through Friday............. 10:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Saturday and Sunday .............. 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
Monday and Tuesday .......................Closed

Gamboa recreation site (56-6607)
Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday... 10:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Monday ... ............................. 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
Tuesday and Wednesday ....................... Closed


1985 pay and leave calendar


6 7 8 10 11 12 3
13@15 16 17 18 19 10(
20 21 22 2E 24 25 26 17
2729 30 31 24(



1 2
4 5 6 7 8 9
1]12 13 14 < 16
E9020 21 22 23
J26 27 28

4- -4



I 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10012 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24@26 27 28 29 30

I 2 3< >E] 6
7 9 1011 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21023 24 25 26 27
28 29 30

2 3 4 1 Q2 3l 66 1 2 3
5 7 8 91011 2@ 4 5 6 78 7 8 9 10111213 4 5 6 7 8 910
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 14 16 17 18 19 20 11013 140 16 17
19@21 22 23, 25 16018 19 20 21 22 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
26E 28 29 30 31 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 28@30 31 25@27 28 29$31
I[ ] 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 1I 3 4 5 6 7
8 10 11 12 13 14 6Q08 9 10 12 4 6 7 9 9 1011 12 13 14
15 16 1718 19 20 21 13 416 17 1819 ] ,2 13 1 6 15017 18 19 2021
22@24 25 26 27 28 20@22 23 24 25 26 17 19 202122 23 22 23 Sl 26 27 28
29 30 27 28 29 30 31 24 25 26 27 Ej 30 29(0

O payday O holiday 0 liberal leave day
ote: Panama Independence Day will be celebrated on Monday. November 4, rather than Sunday, November 3, for employees
whoe basic workweek il from Monday through Friday.

Academies hold "grass roots" program

The United States Air Force
Academy liaison officers for the
Panama Canal area invite everyone

1/2 P that is interested in learning more
about the service academies to its
"Combined Grass Roots"program
1/2 P at noontomorrow, December22, in

/2 P the Balboa High School Junior
1/2 P Reserve Officers' Training Corps
Uniformed cadets and midship-
1/3 P men will be available to give first-
hand, up-to-date information on
1/8 P their respective academies. U.S.
1/15 P Army, Navy, Air Force and Mer-
chant Marine Academy liaison rep-
1/15 P resentatives, alumni and instruc-
1/5 P tors and persons currently attend-
1/17 P ing one of the academies are
extended a special invitation, as are
all prospective students from the
local U.S. and Panamanian com-

The meeting will be informal,
and casual attire is recommended.

Refreshments supplied by the BHS
JROTC will be served. For addi-
tional information, contact one of
the following academy liaison of-
ficers: Maj. Robert Weedin, USAFA,
at 52-3421 or 52-2403; Capt. Phillip
Tomlet, USMMA, at 52-6927; or
Capt. Donald P. Kat, USMMA,
at 52-2333.


Position Vac

Permanent Positions salaries
Accounting Technician, LN-4 . $8,543.00
Clerk-Typist, LN-3 .. . . $7,904.00
Electrician (High Voltage) Helper,
LM-5 ...... . .... . $3.67
Industrial Equipment Mechanic Leader,
LL-102 (Only PCC employees will
be considered) . . . . $10.99
Machinist Helper, LM-5 ..... $3.67
Marine Machinist Helper, LM-5 . $3.67
Marine Safety Specialist (Hazardous
Materials), LN-1223 (Knowledge of
Spanish desirable.) (Requires a com-
prehensive knowledge of organic and
inorganic chemistry.) . ... $30,549.00
Marine Safety Specialist (Hazardous
Materials), LN-1223 (Knowledge of
.Spanish desirable.) . . .. $30,549.00
Marine Traffic Clerk, LN-4/5 (Only
PCC employees will be considered.)
(Shiftwork required.) . . . $8,543.00/

Mobile Equipment Metal Mechanic,
LM -102 . . . . . .
Mobile Equipment Servicer,
LM -52 . . . . . .
Motor Vehicle Dispatcher, LN-3/42
(Shift work required.) . . .$7,9

(Continued from page 1)
predelivery and eight-week post-
delivery periods are made on the
basis of the weekly salary on which
the employee has made contribu-
tions for the last nine months. For
example, if the weekly salary has
been equal to $115.38, theemployee
will receive a predelivery payment
of $692.28 for the six weeks before
the scheduled delivery date and
$923.04 for the eight weeks after, or
a total of $1,615.32 for the entire 14
The employee will become in-
eligible for maternity benefits if she
does not fully comply with the
prescribed medical treatment or if
she performs any work for pay
during the mandatory rest period.
Payments begin after 51/2 months
of pregnancy whether delivery oc-
curs prior to or after the estimated
date, and whether the child lives or
dies. Claims for maternity benefits
made after one year will not be

Motor Vehicle Dispatcher, LN-3/42 .





Painter Foreman, LS-9- (Sandblasting
experience required.) ..... $7.78
Painting Worker Leader, LL-7 (Sand-
blasting experience required.) . $4.74
Pilot-In-Training, CP-21 (Knowledge
of English required.)( First40 hours.). $37,675.00
Rigger Helper, LM-5 ...... $3.67
Shipfitter Helper, LM-5 . . .. $3.67
Tractor Operator, LM-62 ..... $3.83
Upholsterer, LM-92 ....... . $5.99
Welder Helper. LM-5 ...... $3.67
Welder Helper, LM-52 ..... $3.67

Temporary Positions
(Not to exceed 1 year)
Meteorological Aid. LN-I (Part-time
NTE 30 hours.).. . . . ... $7,268.00
Motor Vehicle Operator, LM-52
(Knowledge of English required.)
(First 40 hours.) . . . $3.67


.ancy List


Electrical A I


Navigation P 1


P 1

Navigation P I

Motor Trans. P I

Motor Trans. A I

Motor Trans. A
Motor Trans. A I

ndusMotor Trans. A 2

Industrial A I
Industrial A 1

Motor Trans.
Motor Trans.

Engineering A 1

Motor Trans. P I

How to Apply: Applications must be submitted to the Employment and
Placement Branch, Building 366, Ancon. or Building 1105, Cristobal, on Form
443, Application For Transfer, no later than seven days from the date of this
publication. Qualification standards may be reviewed at the Panama Canal
Commission Library. Further information may be obtained from the Employ-
ment and Placement Branch. telephone 52-3583, 52-7996 or 46-7219.
I The selected candidate must be able to type at a speed of at least forty words per minute (40 wpm).
SDriver's license required.
Swimming ability required.
The Panama Canal Commission is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Page 3

Take note "
The Atlantic PersonnelOf-
fice in Building 1105, Cristobal,
is open to the public during
morning office hours only, from
7:15 to 11:45.
Panama Canal Commis-
sion employees are reminded
that sailing permits and radio
licenses issued by the Republic
of Panama for privately owned
pleasure and sports craft will
expire on December 31. On the
Pacific side, renewals may be
made at the General Consular
and Shipping Bureau in Room
101 of the Port Captain's Build-
ing in Balboa; while on the
Atlantic side, the place to go is
Room 107. and 109 of Building
1303, which is located behind
the Cristobal Police Station.
For more information, call Ro-
berto A. Catwell at 32-5814 or
32-5885 in Balboa or Rigoberto
Ddvila at 45-2432 in Cristobal.
To compensate for time
lost during the holidays, the
deadline forsubmitting material
for the January 4 issue of the
SPILLWAY has been moved upto
noon on Wednesday, December


Guest aboard first transit

recalls historic occasion

Official first
The SS "Ancon," carrying among its honored guests Cecilia Garcia, passes Cucaracha Slide during
first transit of the Panama Canal on August 15, 1914.

Cecilia Garcia de Diaz,
or Dofia Chila, as she's
affectionately called.
admires her
complimentary copy of
the Al Sprague painting
commissioned by the
Panama Canal
Commission to
commemorate the
waterway's 70th
anniversary. Ms. Diaz
was aboard the
SS "Ancon" when it
made the historic transit
that opened the Canal to
international maritime

Photo bt.
Armando De Grac ia

byJoaquin Horna

Early on the morning of August
15, 1914, the SS Ancon started its
historic journey from the Atlantic
to the Pacific to officially open the
Panama Canal. Col. George W.
Goethals, who had been respon-
sible for overseeing the construc-
tion work, watched from the shore,
traveling from point to point on the
railroad. Hundreds of other people
lined the banks, shoutingand waving
as the vessel steamed through the
On board among the special
guests was an 18-year-old Pan-
Itheofficial amanian socialite named Cecilia
Garcia, whose married name is now

I--l I-J--


'-' l~sEB5- 12
a .v ,
L -

Cecilia Garcia de Diaz. She had
been invited by Panama president
Dr. Belisario Porras to be his trans-
lator. "He and his wife, doia Alicia,
were great friends of mine," Ms.
Diaz explained during a recent
interview at her Panama City home.
"He frequently called upon me
because I had studied,foreight years
at a Catholic school in Reading,
"First we traveled by train to
Gatun Lake, where we boarded a
boat that carried us to the Ancon, "
Ms. Diaz recalled. "I was thrilled at
being one of the first persons in the
world to cross the Canal." In addi-
tion to Dr. Porras, she said that Dr.
Guillermo Andreve, secretary of
Public Instruction, and Dr. Carlos
A. Mendoza were aboard for the
transit. Her uncles Ladislao Sosa,
secretary of Development and Pub-
lic Works, and Jer6nimo J. Garcia,
general administrator of Lands,
were also in the group.
An orchestra directed by Santos
Jorge, the author of Panama's Na-
tional Anthem, livened up the trip,
Ms. Diaz remembers, and a "delici-
ous" banquet was-served. "When
we arrived at the first locks we were
very happy and excited. Everybody
commented on how well they were
built. I was a little frightened be-
cause the ship seemed so little inside
the locks.
Although the official opening of
the Panama Canal was buried in the
back,pages of many newspapers
because the world's attention was
focused on the war in Europe, the
transit of the Ancon would later be
recognized in history for the signifi-
cant event that it was. And fbr Ms.
Diaz, one of the first'
pass through the waterway and
possibly the only survivor of the
inaugural transit, it was one of her
most memorable experiences.
Another came three years later
when she married Octavio Diaz, a
well-known Panamanian merchant.
They had four children-Octavio,
Ricardo, Jaime and Lilia.

Ancon-What's in a name?

Name grabber Photo by Kevin Jenkins
The Peruvian cargo vessel "Ancon," one ofat leastfour vessels of the same name to have sailed in Panama Canal
waters, awaits a northbound transit in the Pacific anchorage.

by Susan K. Stabler

When Cecilia Garcia stood on
board the original SS Ancon on
August 15, 1914. for the first official
transit of the Panama Canal, she
was probably so caught up in
the historical significance of the
event that she gave little thought to
the name oftheship she was on. Yet,
since that memorable occasion, at
least three other vessels bearing the
same name have traveled in Canal
In 1939, the Panama Railroad
Steamship Line replaced the origi-
nal Ancon and its sister ship, the SS
Cristobal, with three brand new,
ultramodern cargo and passenger
liners, the Ancon, Cristobal and
Panama. These vessels served the
Canal organization for many years,
making frequent voyages between
the United States and the Republic

of Panama. They also contributed
to the World War 11 effort, with the
Ancon servings one of the first and
most well-known of the U.S. Navy's
communications ships.
Recently, another namesake of
the Ancon, a Peruvian cargo car-
rier, transited the Canal. Built in
1970. the vessel is owned by Inter-
continental Maritima of Peruand is
a regular customer of the waterway's,
transiting nine times in the last few
years. Its most recent passage was a
northbound transit en route to La
Guaira. Venezuela, with a cargo of
lead and zinc.
One other Ancon, a small coastal
trader, appears to spend great deal
of its time tied up alongside a pier in
Coco Solo. Since the pier is located
in Manzanillo Bay, and since
"ancon" is the Spanish word for a
small bay or cove, perhaps the little
boat enjoys staying close to home.

Pane 4

December 21, 1984


December 21, 1984


Local journalist reports on 70th anniversary transit

The following is a condensed
version of an article that was
written by Franklin Bdsquez
D 'Giovanni and published in "La
Prensa" after the author made a
transit of the Panama Canal on the
70th anniversary of the opening
of the waterway.

It is two o'clock in the morning
when a Commission vehicle arrives
at the home of Capt. Jeremias De
Le6n, the first Panamanian hired to
carry out the duties of a pilot. Four
of us-the driver, Captain De
Le6n, photographer Alcides Ro-
driguez and this reporter-are on
our way to the pilot's headquarters
in Balboa, where Captain De Le6n
reviews several reports that will be
useful during the transit before we
leave for Colon.

A small launch takes us out to the
Jo Lonn, a modern, impressive
Dutch vessel anchored in Colon
Bay, and the master, J. F.
Jongbloed, welcomes us aboard for
the transit. Captain De Le6n
reviews the instruments and re-
quests transit orders over his radio.
The diesel machines start up, and
the ship begins moving over calm
Canal waters as the sun makes its
Two tugboats, the Mehaffey and
Morrow, come to the aid of the Jo
Lonn to keep it in a steady position
as it heads into Gatun Locks. The
vessel, which measures 105 feet in
beam, will have only 21/, feet of
space on each side in the 110-foot-
wide chambers. A crew of 20
linehandlers are aboard to coordi-
nate the lockage with the "mules,"

the small powerful locomotives
that help guide vessels through the
Because this is a vessel of
considerable size, Captain De Le6n
is aided by three other pilots--
William F. Carroll, Ove Jensenand
Willard Theriault. The first two will
monitor from the sides of the ship,
and the latter will relieve Captain
De Le6n in mid-transit.
From the Atlantic Ocean to
Gatun Lake there is an uphill climb
through the locks of some 85 feet,
which goes without a hitch. In front
of us for the three-hour journey
through the lake is the Jo Clipper, a
colleague vessel, and behind us is the
Japanese vessel New York Maru.
After leaving the lake, the ship
starts navigating through the
narrow Gaillard Cut. Captain

Theriault takes command close to
the Gamboa townsite, and Cap-
tain De Le6n becomes assistant
pilot. Although the responsibilities
change, no one is allowed to relax.
Captain Theriault is not as lucky
as Captain De Le6n because a
strong rain now demands more
care. But the pilot's experience isan
insurance agent against the incon-
veniences of nature, and the vessel
forges on to the Pedro Miguel and
Miraflores locks.
At 4:30 p.m. the Jo Lonn leaves
Miraflores on its way to Australia
and New Zealand, loaded with
some 30,000 tons of phosphoric
acid and 8,000 tons of asphalt. By
using the Panama Canal, it has
shortened its trip by 6,000 miles, the
equivalent of 18 days at sea. If the
daily cost of operating the vessel is

calculated at $30,000 per day, the
savings for 18 days would equal
$540,000. After deducting close to
$40,000 in tolls and $30,000 per day
lost transiting the waterway, the net
saving is close to $470,000.
Together with Captains De
Le6n, Carroll and Jensen, we
disembark from the vessel almost
below the Bridge of the Americas,
leaving Captain Theriault to re-
main aboard until the Jo Lonn is
completely clear of the waterway.
A small launch cuts through the
waves to take us to Balboa, where
the three pilots will report the
number of hours they worked.
At five o'clock sharp we say our
good-bye to Captain De Le6n with
a firm handshake. Meanwhile, the
Canal continues operating-it has
been thus for the last 70 years.

A little push Photo by Alcides Rodriguez
The tug "Morrow" keeps the tanker in position as it heads into Gatun Locks.

Oldtimers express their gratitude to PCC

In an effort to express apprecia-
tion to those who built the
engineering marvel that has be-
come the crossroads of the world,
the Panama \Canal Commission
paid special tribute to construction-
day workers during its observance
of the 70th anniversary of the
opening of the Canal in August.
More than 100 of the people who
were involved in the monumental
construction effort are still alive
today. In recognition of their impor-
tant contributions, they were sent
reproductions of the Al Sprague
painting commissioned by the
Commission to commemorate the

The Panama

Administrator. Panama Canal Commission
Director of Public Affairs
Press Officer

70th anniversary and letters of
appreciation from Commission
Administrator D. P. McAuliffe.
"The Canal's longevity and durabil-
ity are a great credit to you and your
fellow construction workers," the
letters said.
Ernest E. Holder of Barbados,
who celebrated his 100th birthday
on June 25, wrote back to thank the
Commission for remembering him
during the observance. "I am
extremely thankful and happy for
the respect and gratitude shown
towards me," he said. "May you
continue to serve the world with
dignity and excellence for many

Canal Spillway

Deputy Administrator
Chief of Public Information

The SPILLWAY is an official Panama Canal publication. Articles may be reprinted without further
permission by crediting the PANAMA CANAL SPILLWAY as the source. News items should arrive in the
Press Office by noon. Thursday. the week prior to publication. Only urgent, official material will be accepted
after the deadline. Subscriptions for 52 issues are S6 regular mail. $4 regular mail students, and $19 airmail.
Send check or money order payable to the Panama Canal Commission to the Office of Public Affairs, APO
Miami 34011.

more years into the future." Mr.
Holder was originally employed by
the Isthmian Canal Commission as
a blacksmith.
During the anniversary obser-
vance, ten construction-day vet-
erans who live in the Republic of
Panama were invited to be special
guests at an official ceremony in the
rotunda of the Balboa Heights
Administration Building at which
then Panama President Dr. Jorge
Illueca was theguestof honor. They
also attended a reception at the
administrator's residence following
the ceremony. They were Anastacio
Batista, Jose del C. Cerezo,
Augustus Deane, ArthurJ. Evans,
Osvaldo Gonzales, C. A. Hunter,
Constantine A. Parkinson, George
R. Rodney, Clement T. Small and
Elisha Tait.
Mr. Parkinson, who was origi-
nally employed as a railroad
flagman, also wrote to express his
gratitude, saying that he and the
others were "delighted" to be
present at the ceremony and "surely
had an enjoyable time" at the
reception. Mr. Parkinson, who
turned 90 this year, added, "I was
very happy to be around for this
70th anniversary."

Tight fit Photo by Alcides Rodriguez
Measuring 105 feet in beam, the "Jo Lonn" has only 21/2 feet of space on
each side in the 110-foot-wide locks chambers.

Line handlers head home Photo by Alcides Rodriguez
A crew of line handlers disembarks from the "Jo Lonn" after coordinating
a lockage.

Page 5

SNew False Teeth

s on us Parody by David Constable
All I want for Christmas is some new false teeth,
means caron CanSome new false teeth,
caroling onalSome new false teeth
Gosh, if I only had some new false teeth,
Then I could eat meat or ham for Christmas.
It seems so long since I could munch
Caroling has traditionally been a popular And I sure do want to a bunch
pastime during the holiday season. But some of Gosh, oh gee, how happy I'd be, if I could only crunch candy
.All I want for Christmas is some new false teeth,
the lyrics of many well-known carols have little Some new false teeth,
meaning when one is celebrating Christmas on Some new false teeth.
the Isthmus, where the closest thing t the Gosh, if I could only get some new false teeth,
the Isthmus, where the closest thing to the Then I could enjoy a Christmas feast!
Then I could enjoy a Christmas feast!
freezing blizzards of the north are Panama's
cooling dry season breezes. With this in mind,
the staff of the SPILLWAY has prepared these Ode to the "H. R. Parfitt"
p o es fo f the wo w a(Sung to the tune of "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer")
parodies for those who want to do some caroling Parody by Maria Balonon
on the Canal. Our sincere apologies are H. R., the snub-nosed tugboat, had a very ugly nose
extended to the original lyricists. But his omni-directional paddle, allowed for back or sideways tows.
All of the other tugboats, used to laugh and call him names.
They never let poor H. R. join in any towboat games.
Then one foggy Christmas Eve, Santa came to say:
"H. R., with your push so strong, won't you guide my ship along!"
Then how the tugboats loved him as they shouted out with glee:
"H. R., the snub-nosed tugboat, you'll go down in history!"

We Three Locks of Panama Can
Burning Sand .Dry Christmas (Sung to the tune of "We Three Kings of Orient Are")
(Sung to the tune of "Jingle Bells') (Sung to the tune of "White Christmas') Parody by Susan K. Stabler
Parody by Oleta Tinnin Parody by Oleta Tinnin We three locks of Panama can
D Dashing through the sand, I'm dreaming of a dry Christmas, Open and close by the touch of a hand
I thought it very grand, Balmy and breezy as of yore, Ships and sailboats, barges, mailboats
Until it got too hot, Where the sun shines brightly All use this wonder of man
Then I thought 'twas not! And stars twinkle nightly
I got up on my toes And waves lap soft against the shore. 'Chorus: O-path of wonder, path of might
And burned all ten of those, Path with high mast lighting bright
Then dashed into the salty sea I'm dreaming of the dry Christmas East-west leading, still proceeding
All the way up to my nose! Panama always has in store. Move those ships through day and night
Give me sunny weather galore,
Chorus: Oh! burning sand, burning sand, And I'll have all I want and more. . -Honking Horns
How you end my fun! (Sung to the tune of "Jingle Bells'")
When the sun is shining bright, Parody by Susan K. Stabler
You really make me run! Dashing through the rain
In an open-air chiva
An hour or two went by 0 Gatun Lake O'er wet streets we go
S I thought I'd take a tr, (Sung to the tune of "0 Christmas Tree") Sipping cold chi-cha
The sand seemed more my style- Parody by Susan K. Stabler Horns honk all around
I thought I'd run a mile. Making tempers ri se
4v foot slipped on a crab, With faithful waters flowing How our hearts begin to pound
M thought I'd run a mileO meWith faithful waterG Lake Makingu temper rise
In air I made a grabThe locks our waters tend to spill Our stomachs knot inside
But with nothing there to hold me up
Sell f a a The rains they come and do refill
Ifelflat as a slab! Gatun Lake, Gatun Lake Chorus: Oh-honking horns, honking horns
With faithful waters flowing Honking all the way
Oh how did we come to be
Folly of St. Nicholas On a chiva bus today?
Honking horns, honking horns
(Sung to the tune of "Jolly Old St. NicholasHonking horns, honking horns
Parody by Oleta Tinnin Up Through the Locks Honking all the way
Jolly old St. Nicholas, (Sung to the tune of "Up on the Housetop") On a chiva bus to a be
What have you done now? Parody by Oleta Tinnin
I will try to rescue vou Over the lock wall a light appears,
But I'm not sure just how. Soon the control house is rocked with cheers. Chr s in ts T c
You have been to Panama Rudolph is lighting the reindeer's wa, Christmas in this Tropic Wonderland
Enough by now to know Making the chamber as light as day! (Sung to the tune of "Walkin' in a Winter Wonderland")
' That the houses don't have chimneys, Parody by Maria Balonon
S And we do not have snow. Chorus: Ho, ho, ho! Who wouldn't go! Christmas day, in Panama
Ho, ho, ho! Who wouldn't go! Not the same, as Omaha
When the clock was striking twelve, Up through the locks in a great big ship, No angels in the snow, where will we go,
I was waiting here. Taking St. Nick on his Christmas trip! On Christmas in this tropic wonderland?
You did not show up as you
Said you would last year. First comqs Gatun with a three-tier rise, Gone away, is the turkey.
Now I find you hanging from The Gold Coast is in for a big surprise! Here to stay, is ceviche.
The flagpole on the hill, Santa is here with his great big pack, It's anchors aweigh, we'll be sunnin' all day,
Your sled wrecked againstt the Building Loaded with toys fit to break his back! On Christmas in this tropic wonderland.
And your packages in a spill.
Over the lake with a rapid zoom! Down by the locks we'll watch a tanker transit
The police have found your reindeer This lock is small, but there's plenty of room! Then pretend that Santa is aboard
Thanks to Rudolph's nose He sets to work with a right good will: He'll say "You the pilot?" We'll say "No man!
Construction crews have fixed your sled Christmas has come to Pedro Miguel! But you can find him if you strike the chord. '
And, thanks to them, it goes.
Bombero crews have brought you down Last Santa's ship comes to Miraflores, Later on, we'll watch the tugs,
And sat you in your sled- He quickly handles all his chores, As we exchange our Christmas hugs
Now, Santa, please be careful Toys for the children and gifts for the rest- It's true don't you know, who needs the snow?
For I am off to bed! Santa is through, and hes done his best! It' Christmas in this tropic wonderland!

Commission families decorate for holiday season

byJoaquin Horna
The colorful sparkle ofdecorated
homes is the first thing that comes
to the minds of many when they
think of Christmas. Among the
familiar images of the season are-
trees, snowmen, the three wise men,
the baby Jesus in the manger and
Santa Claus and his reindeer led by,
Rudolph's red nose. Although the
energy crisis of the 1970's forced
many to turn to less elaborate
decorations, the tradition of dec-
orating for the holiday season has
survived as families continue to
show their joy over the birth of
God's son.
Morayma de Cedeflo of the Pan-
ama Canal Commission Naviga-
tion Division decorates her home
with centerpieces for her table that
she makes herself. This year, in her
spare time she also designed and
painted a plywood Santa Clausand
four large boots for her garden with
assistance from her sons Carlos, 10,
and Romyel, 8. All the otherhouses
on her street are also dressed up for
the occasion. "Last year only a few


families decorated their homes,"
she said. "This time we organized to
keep the tradition alive."
The Harrill family starts ob-
serving the holiday season early by
placing an Advent wreath on their
table. They decorate their tree with
chrismons, monograms formed from
the Greek letters of Christ's name,
of mother-of-pearl, plasticand foam.
Their primary goal is to use attrac-
tive and meaningful decorations
that will keep Christ at the center of
their Christmas celebration. Mr.
Harrill is the chief of the Electrical
Division's Communications Branch.
Elaine Stephenson, wife of In-
dustrial Relations Director Michael
Stephenson, decorates her tree with
original-dolls that she makes out of
silk yarn, felt and other materials. It
takes her from two to five hours to
create each doll, and she has been
making them for, about five years
now. They are inspired by the
traditional Christmas symbols, like
the baby Jesus, Mary and Joseph;
by symbols of the season such as
people dressed in winter clothing;
and by local symbols, for instance,

, .$

Original tree Photo by Kevin Jenkins
Tulia Allen, at right, places a star atop the tree she orderedfor the office
of the Official Translator. Made in El Valle of bamboo-like wood, tHe tree
is composed of sections shaped to form the Star of David, ranging from
smaller stars at the top of the tree to larger ones at the bottom. The hand-
made, wooden, European ornaments are on loanfrom Velda Anderson, at

Tradition enriches Latin life

the Kuna indians, the montuno and
the pollera.
The decorations that adorn the
home of Floyd and Sharon Holland
each holiday season come from
Panama and South America and
from a British friend. For the past
14 years, they have also been pre-
paring a traditional "sopa de noche
buena," to share with dozens of
friends. Ms. Holland, an English
instructor at the Training Center,
thinks that children make Christ-
mas a lot more meaningful and
exciting, which is why Sean, 18;
Seanan, 15; and Hillary, 10, playan
important role in decorating the
For Jerry and Carol Hall, who
will be celebrating their first Christ-
mas with their newborn infant,

Garrett, it's different. Since their
marriage in 1973, they've spent a
great deal of time decorating their
home each year. Both enjoyed
holiday decorating during their
childhood years and have con-
tinued the practice as adults. A
marine traffic controller, Mr. Hall
spends two or three weeks dec-
orating the tree. Illumined by 440
little lights and artistically adorned
with a number ofotherdecorations,
the tree reflects that love that its
owners have for the holiday season.
Every Christmas, Iris Vives and
her five children arrange their man-
ger scene as a family. "The most
important thing happens at mid-
night on Christmas Eve when we lay
the baby Jesus in the arms of the
Virgin Mary," reports Ms. Vives, a

special placement officer for the
Office of Personnel Administra-
tion. For the past five years. Ms.
Vives has also helped to organize
her church's holiday activities, which
has helped her to better understand
the true meaning of the season.
"Christmas is not just for cleaning
out and decorating the house," she
says, "but also foi renewing our-
For many. Christmas is the most
wonderful time of year. The nights
are colorfully lit, and the holiday
decorations bring joy to the young
and old alike. As the Christmas
spirit moves in the hearts of mil-
lions, the world is transformed into
a place of dreams and fantasy where
peace and loveabound-as itshould
be all year round.

Exotic turtles attract local collector

by Oleta Tinnin
Down through the ages, turtles
have captured the attention of
many as they waddled their way
into our cultural heritage. Thestory
of thetortoiseand thehareis related
as a moral tale to children at an
early age, and young readers enjoy
the tortoise in Alice's Adventuresin
Wonderland,.who taught"reeling,"
"writhing" and the four branches of
arithmetic-ambition, distraction,
uglification and derision.
A child's first pet is often a tiny
turtle that lives inanaquariumand
entertains the fainily with its antics.
And, because they outlive all other
vertebrates, including man, these
animals have come to be regarded
as symbols of longevity.
For these and many other reasons,
turtles are a popular subject among
art enthusiasts and collectors from
every county in the world. Olga
BMliz, the wife of the Panama Canal
Commission Public Affairs Di-
rector,'has collected 167 of them.
She has brought back turtles from
every country she has visited since
1968. The only places that she has

int^' a~"~' "a

not visited and that are conse-
quently not represented in her
collection are Africa and Australia.
Next year she hopes to visit both
places looking for new turtles to
add to the collection.
Some of her turtles are quite
large-mostly the earlier acquisi-
tions, because she soon learned that
smaller ones were easier to trans-
port and display. The collection is
divided into South and Central
American, European, Oriental and
U.S. specimens that range from
cloth-represented by a stuffed
mola turtle from the San Blas
Islands-to those made of semi-
precious stones from almost every-
Ceramic models rub noses with
thoge of soapstone and wood, Hol-
land Blue Delft sets off Hohg Kong
malachite and Taiwan jade, and
Vienna crystal reflects the Chilean
lapis lazuli and Chinese mother-of-
pearl of neighboring turtles.
At one end of her display, a set of
turtles carrying instruments makes
up a musical group for the enjoy-
ment of turtle youngsters ranging
along behind on their mothers'
backs. A ceramic set forms tooth-

pick and napkin holders for a.
specialized table setting, and others
become ashtrays and. other utility
items when set upon their backs. A
few of the turtles have moveable
parts that make them appear to be
real; and one is real, although no
longer living, and very artistically
Among the most interesting mem-
bers of the collection are the turtles
from the People's Republic of China
that represent the Chineseemperor.
They are different from the oC-
cidental specimens in that they have
the heads of dragons. In Chinese
mythology, dragons are said to be
the most sacred of animals and the
bearers of luck, longevity, hap-
piness and all that is good.
Encyclopaedia Britannica tells
us that turtles were already numer-
ous 175 million years ago and have
"plodded a stolid and steady course
through evolutionary time."Though
very similar as a group, they vary
according to their home environ-
ment-someare flat, some humped
and some more colorful than others.
All are represented in the Elliz
collection, with artistic variations
in material and decoration.

by Roy Naylor However, no matter where the
Although some people are con- dinner is served, the older members
vinced that "Christmas is for kids," are seated at the head of the table
this isnotthecasein Latin America, and are showered with all sorts of
where the holiday festivities take on attention and gifts, the latter usually
a more religious flavor than in other presented by their grandchildren
parts of the world. In this part of the and great-grandchildren.
world, the holiday season starts at The dinner itself is truly a feast
the beginning of December as prep- and includes such tempting morsels
arations are made for many chil- as "tamales" of corn meal that are
dren to take their first communion stuffed with chicken or pork; the
on Mothers' Day, or December 8. "lechona," or roast piglet; the "ros-
From that time on, the thoughts of ca," a circular bread enriched with
everyone turn to the traditional eggs; ham; turkey; potato salad; .
family reunion for the "cena de rice and peas; eggnog; and fruit-
Navidad,"or Christmas Eve dinner, cake.
which is equivalent to Thanks- Rejoicing in this manner just
giving dinner in the United States. before Christmas binds Latin fam-
In Panama, a Christmas Eve ilies together as they express the
reunion often requires several mem-, warmthdn their hearts, their respect Turtles galore Photos by Arthur Pollack
bers of the family to travel to or for their elders and the love theyfeel Olga B4liz admires a portion of her international turtle collection at her home in Balboa Heights. A close-up of
from the interior of the republic, for each other, some of the turtles is shown in the insert.

.. ... ...


Diciembre 21, 1984

Cruise season under way at Panama Canal

Another cruise season has begun,
and passenger-loaded liners will be
making their way through the Pan-
ama Canal. Although cruise ships
move through the waterway through-
out the year, they come in much
greater numbers during the dry
season, providing those aboard
with a means of escaping the harsh
winters up north.

Aside from the contribution the
cruise ships make to traffic levels at
the Canal, the passengers theycarry
provide economic benefits to Pan-
ama. With this in mind, local travel
agents and the Panama Tourist
Bureau (IPAT) are making a joint
effort to encourage tour whole-
salers to include Panama and the
Canal in their travel itineraries.

Other steps have included propos-
ing additional stops at local points
of interest.
The effort is primarily being
made to offset a recentdeclinein the
number of cruise-ship passengers
entering the country. Although the
number of transiting passenger-
carrying vessels showed no change
from fiscal year 1983 to 1984 and

there was only a slight decline in the
number of passengers aboard those
vessels, IPAT statistics indicate
that the number of passengers
entering the country at the Canal
terminals of Balboa and Cristobal
during the first nine months of 1984
(12,544) dropped substantially from
the same period in 1983 (16,149).
It is hoped that the joint promo-

tional effort now under way will
encourage more passengers to come
ashore and visit local attractions. In
the meantime, those aboard tran-
siting cruise ships are provided with
the opportunity to take a close-up
look at one of the engineering
wonders of the world. (See separate
stories about two such ships on this

"Royal Princess

makes majestic maiden transit

Of the vessels that transited the
Panama Canal on December 8, one
in particular attracted more than
the average amount of attention as
it made its way through the path
between the seas. The Royal Prin-
cess, considered to be the most
advanced cruise ship in service
today because of its many design
innovations, was of interest not
only to luxury liner enthusiasts, but
also to television viewers. "Love
Boat" fans were out in numbers
hoping to catch a glimpse of the cast
and the special guest stars, among
them Lana Turner and Stewart
Granger, as footage for the show
was being filmed.
Panama Canal Commission of-
ficials and representatives of the
National Port Authority (APN)
were also on hand to welcome the
new vessel as it made its maiden
transit through the Canal. Com-
mission Deputy Administrator Fer-
nando Manfredo Jr. and APN
director Rafil Brostella presented
the ship's master, Capt. John
Young, with plaques commemorat-
ing the occasion, and Captain Young
Measuring 757.87 feet in length
with a beam of 95.80 feet, the Royal
Princess will be a regular customer
at the Canal, with some 20 transits
scheduled for fiscal year 1985. The
maiden transit, involving a toll of
close to $69,000, was made en route
from Miami to the vessel's home
port of Los Angeles. The ship will
cruise via the Canal to San Juan
each spring and northward to Alaska
during the summer months. Long-
range plans include the possibility
of longer voyages and round-the-

world cruises. Norton, Lilly and
Co. is the agent for the ship at the
The vessel is the flagship of the
U.S.-based Princess Cruise Line,
which also operates the Sun Prin-
cess, Island Princess and Pacific
Princess, all regular users of the
Canal. Christened by Great Britain's
Princess Diana on November 15 at
Southampton, England, the Royal
Princess began its maiden voyageto
Miami four days later.
Peninsular and Oriental Steam
Navigation Company (P&O), the
parent company for Princess
Cruises, has carried such illustri-
ous passengers as English writers
Rudyard Kipling, Anthony Trol-
lope, Edward M. Forster and William
Thackeray, who immortalized his
first cruise in thebook"From Corn-
hill to Grand Cairo." A reminis-
cence- of that era now aboard the
Royal Princess is the glass-enclosed
model of the Delta, the last P&O
paddle steamer, which was built in
London in 1859.
The liner is specially designed so
that the 600 staterooms face outside
from atop the vessel. Each has a
picture window, and 152 have pri-
vate balconies. Each cabin also has
a shower, tub and multichannel
open- and closed-circuit television.
The main public rooms are ar-
ranged horizontally on a single level,
and there are two acres of teakwood
open-deck space. The entrance foyer
features a sculpture encircled by a
sweeping staircase, and on the level
above, a circular balcony resem-
bling an open-air cafe overlooks the
picturesque plaza. The shipalsocon-
tains a beauty salon, five-ward med-

ical center, theater, library, casino,
gym and spa, four swimming pools
and a promenade deck with a jogg-
ing track, as well as several lounges,
bars and night clubs.
The spacious and elegant dining
room seats 616. The galley of the
Royal Princess uses one ton of meat
and poultry daily, a quarter ton of
fish and flour, a three-quarter ton of
vegetables, 3,000 eggs, 2,000 pieces
of fresh fruit, 4,000 baked rolls and
1,500 pastries.
Built to accommodate 1,260 pas-
sengers and 500 crew members, the
Royal Princess cost $150 million.
The price of a cruise is somewhat
higher than the average because of
the small passenger capacity in rela-
tion to the size of the ship. The tar-
geted annual revenue for the vessel
is $100 million, and theaverage fare
is $350 a day.
The United States is expected to
furnish the majority of the passen-
gers for the new ship. Decor on the
Royal Princess was, therefore, de-
signed to appeal to the targeted mar-
ket-people over the age of 50 living
in Texas, California and Florida.
Soft beige carpeting, walls and
furnishings, complemented by brass
fixtures, are highlighted by original
artwork costing a quarter of a
million British pounds.
The decor includes a variety of
art forms carefully coordinated by
the artists and designers, aiming at
simplicity with elegance. Although
the ship was built in Wartsila's
Helsinki yard in Finland, most of
the contributing artists and de-
signers are British with the basic
design ideas created by Hirsch/
Bender of Los Angeles.

,-- -.--..

.1 4 --j ; 7 .'
,-- 1 I U,

I : .-- m..d a .- .,

Northbound transit Photo by R. "Lucky" Dunlap
Clear skies welcome the "Great Rivers Explorer" during a recent northbound transit through Gatun Locks.

=4' ,

S-',. :.- '
'* '. *- "' r,.'^* *-
, .... ..- t.,"*

Royal maiden Photo by Armando De Gracia
Tourists line the upper decks of the "Royal Princess" to get a close-up look
at the Panama Canal during the vessel's maiden transit,

"Great Rivers Explorer"

visits colorful attractions

by Susan K. Stabler
"You'll sweat and you'll get
muddy, but you'll have the time of
your lives," warns the cruise
director who greets passengers
aboard the Great Rivers Explorer
as they prepare for a six- to nine-day
excursion that will take them
through the Panama Canal and to
many of the other colorful attrac-
tions in the Republic of Panama.

Beginning in 1982, the Great
Rivers Explorer has been a regular
visitor in Panama waters from
November to April. It operates
several cruises per month, some
beginning on the Pacific side and
others on the Atlantic, offering in
each case the Canal transit as a
major selling point. This year, the
first cruise began on November 10
in Balboa, and the last will depart
from Cristobal on April 13.

The 152-foot ship, which has the
capacity for 92 passengers, is
among several operated by the
Seattle-based Exploration Cruise
Lines. It is, however, the only one
that makes Panama a part of its
annual itinerary.

Trimmed smartly in royal blue,
the white, three-tiered vessel looks
something like a Disneyland jungle
riverboat. Inside, passengers have a
choice of four classes of modern
staterooms that are priced accord-
ing to their location and size, but
everyone is "in the same boat" for
everything else on board. Facilities

include sun and viewing decks, a
lounge, a bar and a spacious dining

With such amenities, where does
the mud and sweat come in? More
than likely, somewhere in the
Darien jungle. The cruise, regard-
less of whether it consists of a
northbound or southbound transit
through the Canal, also includes
stops at Taboga, the Perlas Islands,
Portobelo, the San Blas Islands
and, when the tide is just right, a
Choc6 Indian village located a
halfhour's cayuco ride up the Mogue
River in the Darien.

On board, entertainment runs
from champagne punch parties in
the ship's lounge to live toad races
on the bridge deck. In an informal,
relaxed atmosphere, passengers
may also learn from a naturalist,
through lectures and slide pre-
sentations, about the culture,
history and wildlife of the places
they visit on the cruise.

Fares are designed to attract both
local residents and tourists booking
passage months in advance and
include shipboard accommoda-
tions, meals and planned shore
excursions. Anyone desiring addi-
tional information may contact
Margo Tours S.A. at 64-9796 or
write to Exploration Cruise Lines,
1500 Metropolitan Park Building,
Seattle, WA 98101. Panama Agen-
cies is the agent for the vessel at the

Page 8

, / .(ell) ''

SDpill way

Cuatro ac

anuncia la Comisi6n

Presentaci6n de diapositivas Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Los miembros del Comite de Marina Mercantey Pesquerias de la Casa de
Representantes de los Estados Unidos prestan atencidn a una presenta-
cion de diapositivas que realize Richard A. Wainio, jefe de la Divisi6n de
Investigaci6n Econ6mica y Mercadeo de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panamd. El comity arrib6 al Istmo a inicios del mes para orientarse sobre
S el Canal de Panamd, visitando las esclusas, la Divisi6n de Dragado, el
Control de Trdfico Maritimo y otras instalaciones. Entre los representan-
tes, mencionamos a Carroll Hubbard Jr., president del Subcomits sobre
el Canal de Panamd y la Plataforma Continental; los miembros del
Subcomite Robert Borski, Douglas H. Bosco, Barbara A. Mikulski y W. J.
Tauzin; Webb Franklin; Norman D. Shumway; y Robin Tallon.

El "Spillway" celebra la Navidad

Con sumo placer, el personal del
SPILLWAY present esta edici6n
especial en celebraci6n de la festi-
vidad navidefia. En estas 16 pAgi-
nas, el lector encontrarA una varie-
dad de articulos, noticias y hasta
ensayos porticos, que estAn orien-
tados a captar su interns.
El Canal de PanamA celebr6 su
700 aniversario en 1984, y alaproxi-
marse a su fin el afio, el SPILLWAY
rememora este acoritecimiento his-
t6rico en sus pAginas 4 y 5. La

pagina 6 ofrece algunas parodias
de villancicos sobre el Canal, y la
pigina 7 contiene algunosarticulos
apropiados para esta temporada
navidefia. Finalmente, pero no me-
nos important, el lector encontra-
ra algunas noticias sobre los cruce-
ros que usan el Canal de Panama.
Esperamos que nuestros lectores
disfruten esta edici6n especial y
todos y cada uno de ustedes disfru-
ten de una Feliz Navidad y un
Venturoso Afio 1985.

CSS da beneficios de maternidad

Este articulo sobre subsidia de tencia obst6trica durante el emba-
materrmidad -es ~ ie^- 3hito yel period
contif ulossobre laCaja que sigue al parto paralas emplea-
"dee hur Socialde Panamd, basa- das aseguradas por la Caja.
.-i-o en un folleo preparado por la Las empleadas elegibles tambi6n
Direccidn Nacional de Prestacio- tendrn derecho a subsidio en efec-
nes Econdmicas de la a de tivo durante las seis semanas ante-
Seguro Social. Se exhorta a los riores y las ocho siguientes al parto.
empleados cubiertos a que recorten Los procedimientos a travds de los
este articulo y lo garden para cuales las empleadas de la Comi-
futura referencia. Para obtener in- si6n del Canal de Panama podrAn
formacidn adicional o respuestas a reclamar estos subsidies estAn in-
preguntas, los beneficiaries debe- cluidos en un folleto preparado por
rdn presentarse al Departamento la Oficina de Administraci6n de
de Relaciones con el Usuario, ubi- Personal titulado "Informaci6n so-
cado en el local de la antigua Casa bre la Caja de Seguro Social de
Miller en la Avenida Central, en el Panama para Beneficiarios y Su-
drea de Calidonia, o llamar a la pervisores Empleados por la Comi-
Direccidn de Prestaciones, telifono si6n del Canal de Panama.
62-0155 oa162-0275. D .. a .u. r .... .n

El subsidio de reposode materni-
dad que pagarA la Caja de Seguro
Social de Panama incluye la asis-

r-iLa tener dUerecho a lU s subsl-
dios de maternidad, una empleada
debe tener un minimo de nueve
(Continua en la pdgina 4)

Dosjubilaciones recie -Mwsei l" es6 a PanamA y se
traducidoenlosnombr jien tde matric,'c la Facultad de
dos panameinos y dos meri- Administ' Pliblica de la
canos para ocupar iCni t Universida l anamA. Su primer
mayor responsabilidaIl Coim ba' corel bierno federal de
si6n del Canal de Pan '.ichael los "-ies idos fue con la
N. Stephenson ha a do de Academiar'li s Fuerzas Aereas
subdirector a director a cina Interarn/ s en Albrook. Dej6
de Relaciones e saes en enero de 1957
plazo de William R. Be 0~ nombrado Agregado
Wong reemplaza al Sr. Stephe la Embajadade PanamA
como subdirector; John Y. Wagner en Washington, D.C. Luego de
ha sidodesignado subdirectordela prestar su servicio diplomAtico,
Oficina de Administraci6n de estuvo-empleado en Panama du-
Personal en lugar de William D. rantecasiun aio antes deregresara
Young, y George A. Mercier ha IAAFA. Ingres6 en 1970 a la
reemplazado al Sr. Wagner como Secci6n de Medidas Adversas y
jefe de la Divisi6n de Operaciones Disciplinariasy se convirti6 enjefe
de Personal. de la misma seis afios mAs tarde.
El Sr. Stephenson se gradu6 de la El Sr. Wagner lleg6 al Area del
Escuela Secundaria de Crist6bal en Canal a la edad de nueve afios. Se
1960 y de la Universidad de gradu6 de la Escuela Secundaria de
Oklahoma con una licenciatura en Balboa en 1954 y realiz6 studios
gobierno en 1966. Retorn6 a pre-universitarios hasta 1956cuan-
Panama como miembro del Ejtr- do ingres6 a la Fuerza Arrea. De
cito, y luego de haber prestado regreso a Panama luego de prestar
servicio trabaj6 para un contratista servicio military, sigui6 sus studios
de la localidad hasta que se le pre-universitarios antes de ma-
ofreci6 empleo en la Oficina de tricularse en la Universidad Estatal
Personal del sector Atlantico como de Ohio, donde obtuvo su licencia-
especialista en clasificaci6n de tura en ciencias y administraci6n de
posiciones. En 1974, fue designado negocios en 1962. Regres6 al Canal
jefede laoficinayhatrabajado para como controlador de trafico mari-
la organizaci6n del Canal en una timo y mAs tardese hizoarqueador.
yariedad de posiciones desde en- En diciembre de 1964, fue transfe-
tonces. El Sr. Stephenson pas6 a la rido a la Oficina de Personal de
Oficinade Relaciones Laboralesen Crist6bal y, para mayo de 1977,
1980, siendo designado como habia ascendido hasta llegar a jefe
subdirector en noviembre de 1983. de la Divisi6n de Operaciones de
El Sr. Wong, ex-piesidente del Personal. Durante periods de
Local 907 (AFSCME-AFL/CIO), ausencia del trabajo, complete sui
inici6 sus studios en el Colegio La trabajo para una maestria en
Salle y termin6 la etapa secundaria administraci6n en la Universidad
en el East High School de Sioux de Illinois.
City, en Iowa, en 1949. Estudi6 El Sr. Mercier se gradu6 de la
ing-nieria en los Estados U nidos y, Escuela Scundaria de Crist6bal en
_. LL" ,
Compras en Panama

1957 y obtuvo su licenciatura de
Administraci6n de Hoteles y Res-
taurantes en la Universidad Estatal
de Michigan en 1962. Ingres6 a la
organizaci6n del Canal poco des-
puds como gerente de la cafeteria de
la Division de Suministros y, en
1966, trasladado a la Oficina de
Personal en Crist6bal. Ocup6
varias posiciones relacionadas con
personal en ambos sectors del
Istmo antes de ingresar al personal
de la Oficina de Relaciones Labo-
rales. En octubre de 1983, el Sr.
Mercier fue invitado a encabezarel
contingent patronal de un recien-
temente formado comit6 obrero-
patronal para la unidad de contra-
taci6n colectiva de no profesionales
de la Comisi6n, que cuenta con
7,600 miembros.

Plazo para desalojar
Se informal a losempleadosde
la Comisi6n del Canal de Pana-
ma con intenciones dejubilarse
que deben desocupar las vivien-
das de la Comisi6n dentro de un
plazo de sesenta dias desputs de
separarse. Los empleados y sus
dependientes podrAn retenersus
pasaportes oficiales estadouni-
denses asi como las tarjetas
especiales de entrada y salida de
Panama por Sesenta dias y serAn
elegibles para recibir atenci6n
m6dica en las instalaciones del
Departamento Medico del Ej6r-
cito de los Estados Unidos
(MEDDAC) por el mismo pe-
riodo. Para obtener informa-
ci6n adicional, llamealtel6fono
52-7757 oal52-7995.

Almacenes ofrecen variedad a futuras madres

Dentro de unos dias el mundo
cristiano estarA celebrando otro
Jesfs. Al mismo tiempo muchos
padres de familiar estarAn cele-
brando o preparAndose a celebrarel
nacimiento de sus propios hijos.
Para ayudarlos a prepararse para
este significativo event, hay various
establecimientos en Panama que
venden ropa de maternidad o de
Maternity, en Via Argentina
frente al Parque Andr6s Bello;
Prenatique, que recientemente
abri6 sus puertas en Plaza Paitilla,
son los principles distribuidores
de ropa de maternidad. AdemAs,
este tipo de vestimenta, asi como
para los beb&s. pueden ser encon-
trados en los grandes almacenes,
incluyendo las tiendas de Dant6 en
Calle 50 y en el centro commercial El
Dorado; Linmar en Via Argentina
y El Dorado, en Bon Bini, Cuqui
Coquette y en Diorvett.
Los almacenes quesededicana la
venta de ropa de bcb6, cunas y otros
enseres para infantes'incluycn a
Baby Chic en El Dorado, y La
Canastilla, que tiene almaccnes en
Calle 50 (frente a Taco Bell) y en
Plaza California en Avenida Ri-
cardo .. Alfaro (Tumba Muerto).
Poppy's, en frente del Teatro
Mexico. y LaCigtiefa,quequedaal
lado, en Via Espafia, tambidn son
lugares ideales para la compra de
enseres para el bebe.
Otros son Chiquitina, a unos
pasos del Hotel Ejecutivo: Los
Meninos en Calle 50 frente a El
Meson de la Paclla; Novedades
Marita, cerca de Via Espaina frente
al lotedeaparcamientodel Hotel El

PanamA Hilton; Disney's frente ala
intersecci6n de Avenida Central y
Calle J; y Bazar X, en Avenida
Central diagonal alantiguoedificio
de la Loteria Nacional y a una
cuadra de la Plaza Santa Ana.
Dedicado exclusivamente a la
venta de zapatos para nifios, tanto
ortop6dicos como no-ortop6dicos,

estA el reci6n abierto Ortobamby en
Avenida Justo Arosemena a unos
pasos del Teatro Bella Vista.
En Col6n, las futuras madres
pueden encontrar ropa de mater-
nidad y articulos para el hijo que
esperan en Capri o Almacdn
Vanidades, y articulos para beb6s
en Flipper.

trT. I~TLt i:LT1

La Liga de visit FotoporArmandoDeGracia
Miembros de la Liga de la Marina de los Estados Unidos, Capitulo de
Panamd, pasan revista a part del equipo de adiestramiento que se usa en
la Escuela Ndutica de Panamd, durante una visit a la escuela para tratar
sobre lasformas de ayudar a la instituci6n. Durante los 61timos ahos, el
Capitulo ha donado cinco becas para el adiestramiento de oficiales de
marina, y el prop6sito de la visitafue el de determinar si erafactible que el
grupo proporcionara ayuda adicional a la escuela. Desde la izquierda
aparecen el Profesor Emilio Batista, Subdirector de la escuela; el
instructor Antonio Sudrez; el Director de Marina de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama, Capitan George T. Hull; el instructor Enoch Ro-
driguez; el osesor de la Organizaci6n Maritima Internacional, Capitdn
Eduardo Cruz; el president del Capitulo Mike O'Hearn; el primer
vicepresidente Ray Burck; el segundo vicepresidente Ephraim B. Le6n-
Guerrero, y el instructor Luis Vega.

IeVol. Xi e de 18
do Diciambtre de 1964

El Canal por dentro

Las siguientes estadisticas indican las operaciones del Canal
y su uso durante el pasado mes de noviembre:
Transitos diaries promedio de alto calado--31.9
Naves acumuladas lists para transitar- 14.1
Tiempo promedio en aguas del Canal-19.7 horas
(incluso el tiempo de trAnsito)
Tiempo promedio de transito-8.5 horas
Naves con manga de mAs de 80 pies--47.2 por ciento
Naves con manga de mas de 100 pies-20.8 por ciento
Los observadores de los niveles deagua del Canal informant
que los lagos estan a sus niveles 6ptimos al iniciarse la estacion
Instaladoa finalesdeseptiembreenlasededelasactividades
de adiestramiento de la Derecci6n de Marina, el simulador de la
Division de Navegaci6n ha sido incorporado a los pt agranias de
adiestramiento de practices. El simulador esti demostrando ser
de gran ayuda para familiarizar a los estudiantes con el Canal y
sus entradas, y para ensefiarles c6mo manejar los distintos tipos
de barcos que transiten la via interoceanica.


Diciembre 21, 1984

Nataci6n en shbado
El YMCA de los Servicios
Armados de Balboa ofrecera cursos
de nataci6n para la familiar todos los
sabados a partir del 5 de enero por
un period de ocho semanas. Los
cursos para adultosserinde 8a 8:45
a.m.; nivel intermedio y princi-
piantes avanzados, de 8:45 a 9:30
a.m.; infants, de 10 a 10:30 a.m.;
principiantes de 4 a 6 afios de edad,
de 10:30 a 11:45 a.m.; principiantes
de7 y 8 afiosdeedad,de 11:45a 1:15
p.m.; principiantes de 9 a 12aiosde
edad, de 12:30 a 1:15 p.m;y adults
de 1:15 a 2 p.m.
Para obtener informaci6n adi-
cional llame al tel6fono 52-2839 o al

TI necesita miembros
El 4 de enero se efectuard una
reuni6n de organizaci6n del Grupo
de Teatro Improvisado (TI) del
Teatro Surfside. Cualquier persona
que est6 interesada en unirse al
grupo esti invitada a asistir.
El Teatro Improvisado esta bus-
cando nuevos talents, con o sin
experiencia, de todas las edades.
Estan cordialmente invitados los
c6rticos, escritores de sainetes hu-
moristicos y actors, magos, mala-
baristas, interpretes musicales,
actors y actrices improvisados y
otros tipos de actors en busca de la
manera de poner en prictica un
talent original o la oportunidad de
Para obtener mayor informa-
ci6n, haga una visit al teatro los
martes a las 7:30 p.m., o llame al
telefono 82-4507.

Trineo de Santa Claus
Santa Claus y sus ayudantes
anuncian su itinerario para la No-
chebuena. En Diablo, el trineohara
una parada en la Avenida Walker y
la Calle Sibert aproximadamente a
las 6 p.m.; seguird a la Casa 5184en
la Calle Parsons, al antiguo club-
house y a la cancha de tenis en la
Calle Hains. El recorrido de Los
Rios se ioiciara en la escuela pri-
maria como a las 7 p.m., y habra
oaradas en la Casa 6453 en la Calle
Camar6n y en la Casa 6580 en la
Calle Caimito. A eso de las 7:45
p.m., el trineodeSanta Claus estara
aciendo su l6tima parada en el
Edificio Comunitario de Cardenas.
Los residents de otras comuni-
dades, ademas de Diablo, Los Rios
y Cirdenas, deberan reunirse conel
trineo de Santa Claus cuando visit
el antiguo clubhouse de Diablo.

Amor Sin Barreras
Atenci6n actors, mfsicos, per-
sonal de apoyo y entusiastas del
teatro: Las audiciones para el dra-
ma musical mis popular de nues-
tros tiempos, Amor Sin Barreras
(West Side Story), se realizaran el
15 y 17 de enero a las 8 p.m. en el
auditorium del Panama Canal
College. La producci6n, basada en
la tragedia de Shakespeare, "Ro-'
meo'y Julieta", subira a escena en
Los planes que tiene el director
Bruce Quinn para esta producci6n
del College incluyen originals
arreglos musicales a cargo de los
"Sharks", grupo puertorriqueiio
que interpreta sus n6meros en
espafiol, y los "Jets", conjunto
norteamericano que lo hace en
ingl6s. El diAlogo de la obra tam-
bi6n sera bilingiie. Vera Bomford
hara la coreogratia de los n6meros
de baile. Para mayor informaci6n,
Ilame al tel6fono 52-3103 durante
horas laborables.

-Empleados del Canal

Servicio en Nochebuena
La comunidad esta cordialmente
invitada a asistir al Servicio Reli-
gioso de Nochebuena que se cele-
brard en la Iglesia Protestante de
Balboa a las 7 p.m. El servicio
abundarA en m6sica, incluyendo
villancicos. La tradici6n de colocar
velas encendidas en el c6sped de la
iglesia que se origin hace mas de 40
afios, sera una vez mas parte del
servicio. La Iglesia Protestante de
Balboa esta situada en las Calles
Balboa y San Pablo, cerca del
correo de Balboa.

Cantata Crossroads
La cantata Navidefia "His Love
Reaching" sera presentada por el
coro de la Crossroads Bible Church
estedomingo 23dediciembrealas 6
p.m. Bill Forbes es el director del
coro que integran 35 voces.

Curso de computadoras
El YMCA de los Servicios
Armados de Crist6bal esta acep-
tando inscripciones paradoscursos
de computadoras, "Introducci6n a
las Operaciones Computacionales"
y "Programaci6n Avanzada", que
comenzaran en enero. El instruc-
tor, Carlos Monsanto,determinarf
los dias y horas de classes a media
que se establezca el cupo. Para
inscribirse, o para mayor informa-
ci6n, Ilame a los tel6fonos 41-6868
y 41-6869.

Pruebas teatrales
Las audiciones para escoger al
elenco de la comedia dramAtica
"Come Back to the 5 & Dime,
Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean" se
realizarAn el 10 y 11 de enero en el
Theatre Guild. Auspiciado conjun-
tamente por el Guild y la Oficina de
Igualdad de Oportunidades de la
Comisi6n, la producci6n sera un
preludio a la Semana dela Mujerde
a Comisi6n, fijada para el mes de
"El libreto ofrece retos poco
comunes a la mujer que desee
actuar", dice BruceQuinn, director
de la obra. Dirigida originalmente
en Broadway por Robert Altman
con Sandy Dennis, Cher y Karen
Black en los papeles estelares, el
elenco lo integran diez mujeres y un
hombre. La trama se desarrolla en
un pequefio poblado del occidente
de Texas, donde se film la pelicula
"Giant", con Jimmy Dean y Eliza-
beth Taylor en los papeles estelares.

Racquetbol femenino
El Ramo de Acondicionamiento
Fisico del Empleado de la Comi-
si6n del Canal de PanamA esta
auspiciando un torneo femenino de
racquetbol que comienza el 7 de
enero. Ya se estan aceptando las
inscripciones en el gimnasio de
Balboa y en el cobertizo dejuegos
de Diablo hasta el 28 dediciembre.
Para mayor informaci6n, Ilame a
los tel6fonos 52-6827, 52-3211 y 52-

YMCA de Crist6bal
El YMCA de los Servicios
Armados de Crist6bal esta ofre-
ciendo cursos de ingl6s, espafiol,
gimnasia, ejercicios aer6bicos y
karate. El "Y" tambi6n brinda
compra de regalos y de restaurant.
Estas instalaciones estan abiertasal
plblico de lunes a viernes.
Para mayo es informes, visit el
YMCA o llame a los tel6fonos 41-
6868 y 41-6869.

Dia acuatico familiar
La Discina de Gat6n patrocinarA
un "Dia Acuatico Familiar"apartir
del mediodia del sabado 29 de
diciembre. Personas de todas las
edades estan invitadas a participar
y disfrutar del event.
Las competencias incluirin ca-
rreras tradicionales y otras no muy
tradicionales, y van desde events
estilo pecho, espalda y relevos, has-
ta competencias en tubos de llantas
y nado con una bola de ping-pong.
Se exhorta a los padres a acom-
pafiar asushijos a la piscina ya traer
consigo comidas y bebidas que
puedan ser compartidas, mediante
sorteo, con otros padres y nifios.
Para mayor informaci6n, llamea
la piscina de Gat6n al tel6fono 43-
Cursos de karate
El YMCA delosServicios Arma-
dos de Balboa patrocina cursos de
karate Shotokan los lunes, mi6rco-
les yviernesde7a9 p.m. Losnuevos
integrantes pueden inscribirse a
cualquier hora. Para obtener ma-
yor informaci6n, llamealYMCAal
tel6fono 52-2759 o al 52-2839.


Las elecciones para escoger a los
representantes del Comit6 Asesor
de Residents del Pacifico tendran
lugar el 14 de enero. Los residents
en las viviendas de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama que sean mayores
de 18 afios de edad y que tengan
interns en ser representantes, de-
berin lamar a Henry Twohy al
telefono 52-3288 o a Pauline Fulop
at 52-7801.

Ellie Gale, una vida docada a la fauna

por Maria Balonon
La 6poca Navidefia siempre ha
sido especial para Ellie Gale. Du-
rante esta 6poca del aio, es proba-
ble que la encuentren afuera con-
tando aves durante el conteo annual
Navidefio de aves de la Sociedad
Audubon de Panama o en su hogar
adornando el arbol de Navidad. El
24 de diciembre de 1974, le trajeron
a la puerta un tigrillo cachorro de
s6lo unas horas de nacido que
necesitaba una madre substitute.
Bajo su cuidado el cachorro creci6
hasta convertirse en un animal
adulto y saludable. Actualmente
participa en un program de propa-
gaci6n de species de la fauna
silvestre panamefia en peligro de
extinci6n. Y, en esta vispera de
Navidad, comenzara a desempefiar
su nueva posici6ncomoanalistade
normas de administraci6n en la
Division de Sistemas. Actualmente
es la official de presupuesto de la
Division de Servicios Administrati-
LaSra. Gale conoci6asuesposo,
el veterinario y zo6logo Nathan
Gale en 1964 cuando ambos traba-
jaban en el zool6gico de Los Ange-
les. Comparten unafascinaci6n por
la fauna silvestre, y su interns y
experiencia con los animals son
invaluables al explorer y disfrutar
activamente del campo de Panama
desde su Ilegada aqui en 1972.
En ejercicio de sus funciones
como jefe del Ramo de Medicina
Animal de las Actividades Veteri-
narias del Ejercito de los Estados
Unidos y como participe en nume-
rosos proyectos y organizaciones
para la conservaci6n de animals
silvestres, el Dr. Gale ha llevado a
muchos animals a su hogar para
darles atenci6n. "Durante los ilti-
mos 12afios, he tenido el placer y la
gratificaci6n de poder asistir en el
cuidado de docenas de animals
salvajes hu6rfanos, desde aguilas

arpiashasta nutriasderio",explica.
En este moment, los esposos Gale
comparten su hogar con una guaca-
maya azul y dorado; cuatro loros
dorados Reina de Bavaria, miem-
bros de una especie de loros del
Brasil en peligro de extinci6n; un
cocodrilo; dos aguilas, dos gatos, y
dos perros Doberman pinschers.
En 1975, La Sra. Gale comenz6 a
trabajar con la Compafia del Canal
de Panama como oficinista esten6-
grafa intermitente. Dice que el
horario flexible era ideal debido a
que le proporcionaba todo el tiem-
po necesario para estar en casa con
los animals y a la vez aspirar a una
carrera. Pero sus habilidades muy
pronto condujeron a un empleo de
tiempo complete y, aunque su
carrera se ha convertidoen maxima
prioridad, a6n encuentra el tiempo
para estar totalmentededicadaa los
Ingres6 a la Sociedad Audubon
de Panama en 1972, sirvi6 como
recaudadora de fondos para pro-
yectos delasociedad en 1983 y 1984,
y espera asumir el cargo de presi-
dentaen 1985.Tienelaesperanzade
que su contribuci6n a la sociedad
sera la de ayudar a otros, especial-
mente a lajuventud, desarrollarun
interns en las aves y ayudar en la
preservaci6n de su habitat.
La Sra. Gale opina que unadelas
maneras mas agradables de apren-
der acerca de las aves es participar
en el conteo annual Navidefo de aves
que patrocina la sociedad. Una
funci6n important de los conteos
es identificar las costumbres geo-
graficas y los n6meros de aves
indigenas y migratorias. Este cono-
cimiento es important para los
grupos que tratan de comprender
las amenazas al hAbitat de las aves
que present la deforestaci6n y los
otros caminos de acceso de la
civilizaci6n modern, y la informa-
ci6n puede ser de gran valor en

apoyar los esfuerzos de preserva-
Mientras tanto, seglin indic6 la
Sra. Gale en recientecharladurante
te Aves para las Navidades", las
personas que se dediquen a esta
actividad pueden divertirse obser-
vando a las aves que se encuentren
en la playa, en la selva o hasta en su
propio patio.
Por medio de sus contacts pro-
fesionales con personas en los dis-
tintos campos relacionados con
aves y otros animals, los esposos
Gale se han enriquecidocon no solo
los "maravillosos animals que he-
mos cuidado", sino tambi6n con las
numerosas personas fascinantes que
han llegado a conocer. "Desde
1972", explica la Sra. Gale, "nues-
tra casa ha sido como un hotel para
los animals y personas. Siempre
hay un flujo de hu6spedes intere-
Siendo una persona a quien le
gusta aprovechar la oport'unidad de
aprender de otros y compartir los
resultados, acaba de completar un
libro de cocina en el cual ha
compilado recetas de los numero-
sos bi6logos y de sus families que se
han hospedado en su casa y quienes
han puesto su casa a la orden por
igual. Titulado "Libro de Cocina
Birdie-in-the-Tree", su obra se po-
dra obtener por medio de la Socie-
dad Audubon de Panama a princi-
pios de 1985, y una parte de las
utilidades ira a los distintos proyec-
tos de conservaci6n de la sociedad.
El libro de cocina y sus recetas
tambi6n reflejan el profundo inte-
res que tiene la Sra. Gale en las
distintas cultures indigenas de Pa-
nama, especialmente en las forms
de arte originates usadas por los
indios para expresar su ambiente
natural y su fauna silvestre. "Estas
gentes tienen un conocimiento muy
sensitive del balance de la naturale-





que cientos de otros visitantes y
residents, aprendieron a admirar
la expresi6n original y naturalde las
molas confeccionadas por las in-
dias cunas. Ha coleccionado mu-
chas de estas hermosas obras de
arte, especialmente las que tienen
motives de animals, y las compar-
te con sus amistades en los Estados
La Sra. Galeesta preocupada por
la gente, los animals y el medio
ambiente de Panama. Ella espera
que a trav6s de sus distintas activi-
dades pueda en alguna forma con-
tribuir a un future que conservarA
esta tierra y a sus habitantes para las
generaciones futures.

.Pa .ina 2 ,
Paigina 2

za", dice. "Su trabajo es sencilla-
mente hermoso". En sus muchos
viajes al interior, la Sra. Gale ha
desarrollado unas relaciones signi-
ficativas con muchos de los grupos
indigenas y hace todo lo que puede
para alentarlos a conservar su arte
en su forma original.
Ha desarrollado unafecto porlos
animals tallados en madera he-
chos por los indios Waunaan del
Darien, y opina que la armonia que
esta cultural mantiene con la forest
natural y el respeto que sus tallados
en madera reflejan por la fauna
silvestre con la cual viven es 6inico.
Ademis, poco despu6s de su Ilega-
da a PanamA, la Sra. Gale, al igual

MAs vale pAjaro en mano ... Foto por Maria Balonon
El amor que siente Ellie Gale por los animals se refleja en su mascota, un
guacamayo azul dorado llamado Jose, yen los models tallados en
madera que ella colecciona.


Diciembre 21.1984


Programan cursos para enero

Se ofrece a continuaci6n el pro-
grama de los cursos de adiestra-
miento que brindarA el Ramo de
Capacitaci6n de Empleados y De-
sarrollo del Personal Administrati-
vo a los empleados de laComisi6na
partir de enero. La informaci6n
sobre contenido y requisitos y pre-
requisitos de eligibilidad podra en-
contrarse en el"Catalogode Cursos
de Adiestramiento" que hay en
cada oficina.
Los empleados elegibles intere-
sados en determinado curso debe-
rAn notificar de ello al gerente de
programs de adiestramiento de su
respective direcci6n, quien es la
persona responsible de someter las
postulacines al Ramo de Capacita-
ci6n de Empleados y Desarrollodel
Personal Administrativo antes de
la fecha tope fijada. Dos semanas
antes de que se inicie cada curso el
Ramo notificard al gerentede pro-
gramas de adiestramiento cuales
empleados han sido seleccionados.
Con la excepci6n de "Introduc-
ci6n a Microcomputadoras y Su-
percalc", que se dictara en el Sal6n
10 del Edificio de Administraci6n

Destrezas basicas de-


redacci6n .............. 1/15-2/15
Martes y v
Destrezas de redacci6n
efectiva ................ 1/15-2/1
Martes y v

Introducci6n a Micro-
computadoras y Supercalc

1/-4 y I/I
1/15y I/1

Liderazgo aplicado*........ 1/15 y I/1
Administraci6n de conflicts 1/15-1/18
Seguridad ocupacional
para supervisors/
Conferencia de Salud** .. 1/17
Taller de Destrezas
de Comunicaci6n ....... 1/22-1/24
Tdcnicas del uso
del tel6fono ........... 1/29
Destrezas de Administraci6n
de De'emrpeofio'..... ..:. :19- /31
Direcci6n de conferencias... 1/29-1/31
Taller de Desarrollo
de Carreras............. 1/31-2/1
Supervisi6n-grupo 3.
** Curso basico para supervisores-todos.

en Altos de Balboa, todas las classes
en el sector Pacifico se dictardn en el
Centro de Adiestramiento del Canal
de Panama. Los cursos en el sector
Atlintico se dictaran en el Edificio
206 en Gat6n.

Ademas de los cursos listados
mis adelante, los populares video-
tapes Boaeing de 29 minutes "In-
troducci6n al Procesamiento de
Datos" volveran a proyectarse en
los salones 1 y 2 del Centro de
Adiestramiento. El 23 de enero a la
I p.m. se proyectart el de"Equipos
y Programs de Computadoras"
(Hardware and Software); a la 1:45
p.m. "AnBlisis de Sistemas", y a las
2:30 p.m., "Procesamiento en Li-
nea". Al dia siguiente se proyectara
"Las Computadoras como Ayudas
de Administraci6n" a la I p.m., y
"Microcomputadoras" a la 1:45
p.m. Los interesados deben reser-
var sus cupos Ilamando a Pamela

Williams al telefono 52
podran aprobar credit
equivalentes para aquell
dos que estan actualmen
clones administrativas.

7:30 a.m.- 9:30 a.m.

9:45 a.m.-I 1:45 a.m.

17 8:00 a.m.- noon
18 12:45 p.m.- 4:15 p.m.
16 8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

7:30 a.m.- 3:30 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:66 p.m.
8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.

8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m. 1/17
12:30 p.m.- 4:00 p.m.

Gimnasios-piscinas anuncian horarios

Las instalaciones del Ramo para el Acondicionamiento Fisico del
Empleado que cambiarin sus horas de operaci6n durante las fiestas
Navidefias aparecen a continuaci6n. Los cambios estar nen vigordel23 de
diciembre al 5 de enero.
Centro comunitario y juvenile de Margarita (46-7455)
Lunes ......... ............ .......... 3:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m.
Miercoles, jueves y sabado .............. 2:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m.
Viernes ............................... 2:00 p.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Domingo y martes ..........................Cerrado
Cobertizo de recreo y sal6n de levantamiento de
pesas de Diablo (52-6827)
Lunes, miercoles, jueves y viernes......... 7:15 a.m.- 9:00 p.m.
Sibado............................. 8:00 a.m,.- 2:00 p.m.
Domingo y martes ...........................Cerrado
Cobertizo de recreo de Gamboa (56-6247)
Lunes, mi6rcoles, jueves y viernes......... 10:30 a.m.- 6:30 p.m.
Sabado .............................. 8:30 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
Domingo y martes .......................... erradn
Gimnasio de Balboa (52-2903)
Lunes, mi6rcoles, jueves y viernes......... 4:00 p.m.- 9:00 p.m.
Sabado.............................. 8:00 a.m.- 2:00 p.m.
Domingo y martes ............................ Cerrado
Gimnasio de Gatun (43-5242)
Lunes, miercoles, jueves y viernes......... 11:00 a.m.- 7:00 p.m.
Sabado............................... 8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m.
Domingo y martes .......................... Cerrado
Piscina de Margarita (46-7229)
Piscina de Balboa (52-5493)
Jueves yvierhes ...................... 10:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Sabado, domingo y lunes............... 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
Martes y miercoles ..........................Cerrado
Piscina de Gatun (43-5233)
Mi6rcoles a viernes ..... ............... 10:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
SAbado y domingo ..................... 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
Lunes y martes .................. .............Cerrado
Area recreativa de Gamboa (56-6607)
Jueves, viernes, sabado y dgmingo ........ 10:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Lunes ............................... 9:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
M artes y mi rcoles ............................Cerrado

Calendario de pagos y dias libres de 1985
0]2 3 4 5 I 2 1 2 I 2 3 >r] 6
6 7 8 l10 11 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 7()9 10 11 12 13
13015 16 17 18 19 10012 13 14 ,16 10D 12 13 14 1S 16 14 5I 16 17 18 19 20
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 17 20 21 22 23 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 21023 24 25 26 27
27(29 30 31 24(26 27 28 24026 27 28 29 30 28 29 30

0 2 3 4
5 @ 7 8 910 10
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19@21 22 230 25
263 28 29 30 31
1 3 4' 5 6 7
8( 10 11 2 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22024 25 26 27 28
29 30

204 5 6 7 8
9 10 12 123 14 15
16018 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
6 8 9 100 12
13 1 16 17 18 19
20222 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31

( 2 3 E 6
7 8 9 10 II 12 13
14016 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28(30 31

6 84 7 9
12 13 14 15 16
17(19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 E5130

0 dia de pago O dia feriado 4 vacaci6n optativa

S2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11013 14* 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25@27 28 29031
1 3 4 5 6 7
< 91 10 1 12 13 14
15@17 18 19 20 21
22 23 26 27 28

Nou: El I)i de la Indpcnd ncta do PPanalnt rir cele radi el lunes 4 de noviembre. cn v del domingo 3 de noviembrc. praaquellos
mDar can or dientacin sobre academies ene
Dar n orientaci6n sobre academias

2-7872. Se Los oficiales de enlace de la
os basicos Academia de la Fuerza A6rea de los
os emplea- Estados Unidos para el area del
ite en posi- Canal de Panama invita a todo el
que tenga interns en saber mas sobre
Tope Lugar las academias militares de los servi-
cios armados a asistir. a su pro-
1/2 p grama "Grass Roots Combinado",
mariana 22 de diciembre al medio-
dia, en la sede del Cuerpo de'
1/1 P Preparaci6n de Oficiales Subalter-
nos de Reserva de la Escuela Se-
cundaria de Balboa, conocido me-
1/2 P jor por sus siglas en ingl6s ROTC.
Cadetes uniformados estaran
1/2 P presents para darles personalmen-
1/2 P te informaci6n actualizada sobre
sus respectivas academias. Se ex-
tiende cordial invitaci6n a los fun-
1/3 P cionarios de enlace de las Acade-
mias Militares del Ej6rcito de los
S P Estados Unidos, de la Fuerza A6rea
y de la Marina Mercante, a ex
1/15 P alumnos e instructors y a personas
que actualmente asisten a una delas
academias, asi como a futures
I/15 P estudiantes de las comunidades
1/15 P estadounidenses y panamefiasdela
localidad. A

(Viene de la pdgina 1)
cuotas mensuales en los 12 meses
anteriores al s6ptimo mes de emba-
El subsidio en efectivo para los
periods de seis semanas antes y de
ocho semanas despu6s del parto es
calculado con base al sueldo sema-
nal sobre elcualla beneficiariahaya
cotizado en los 6ltimos nueve me-
ses. Por ejemplo, si el salario sema-
nal es equivalent a $115.38, la
empleada recibira un subsidio antes
del parto de $692.28 para las sema-
nas previas a la fecha programada
para el parto y $923.04 correspon-
dientes a las ocho semanas poste-
riores, o un total de $1,615.32
durante las 14 semanas.
Se suspenders el subsidio de
reposo por maternidad cuando la
asegurada no acepte, infrinja o
abandon el tratamiento medico
prescrito o cuando durante el pe-
riodo de descanso obligatorio efec-
tWe trabajo remunerado. A partirde
los cinco meses y medio de embara-
zo se pagara el subsidio de reposo de
maternidad indistintamente de que
se adelante o retrase el parto, o de
que viva o muera la criatura. El
prestaciones por maternidad pres-
cribe al afio.

La reuni6n sera informal. Se
serviran los refrescos proporcio-
nados por los miembros del Cuerpo
de Preparaci6n de Oficiales Subal-
ternos de Reserva de la Escuela
Secundaria de Balboa. Para obte-
ner informaci6n adicional, comu-
niquese con uno de los siguientes
funcionarios de enlace de dichas
academias: el Mayor Robert
Weedin, USAFA, al tel6fono 52-
3421 oal 52-2403; el Capitan Phillip
Tomlet, USMMA, al 52-6927; oal
CapitAn Donald P. Kat, USMMA,
al 52-2333.


Lista de Posicio

Puestos Permanentes Salario
T6cnicoen Contabilidad, LN-4 . $8,543.00
Oficinista-Mecan6grafo(a), LN-3 $7,904.00
Ayudante de Electricista, (Alto Vol-
taje) LM-5 . . . . . . $3.67
Primer Mecanico de Equipo Indu-
trial, LL-10 2 (S61o se considerarAn
los empleados de la Comisi6n
del Canal de Panami) ..... $10.99
Ayudante de Mecanico Tornero, LM-5 $3.67
Ayudante de MecAnico Tornero NAu-
tico, LM-5 ..... ..... $3.67
Especialista en Seguridad Maritima
(Materiales Peligrosos) LN-12 2 3
(Es deseable que sepa espafiol)
(Debe tener amplio conocimiento
de quimica organica e inorgAnica) $30,549.00
Especialista en Seguridad Maritima
(Materiales Peligrosos) LN-12 2 '
(Es deseable que sepa espafiol) . $30,549.00
Oficinista, Trifico Maritimo, LN-4/5
(S61o se considerarAn los empleados
de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama) (Debe trabajar turnos) $8,543.00/

Chapistero de Equipo M6vil, LM-10 2
Dependiente de Equipo M6vil, LM-5 2
Despachador de Vehiculos Motori-
zados, LN-3/4 2 (Debe trabajar
turnos) . . . . . .

Despachador de Vehiculos Motori-
zados, LN-3/42 .. . .



Capataz de Pintores, LS-9 3 (Debe
tener experiencia en lijado a chorro
de arena) . . .. ..... $7.78
Primer Trabajador en Pintura LL-7 3
(Debe tener experiencia en lijado
a chorro de arena) ...... $4.74
PrActico en Adiestramiento, CP-2 3
(Debe saber inglts) (Primeras cua-
renta horas) . . . . .$37,675.00
Ayudante Aparejador, LM-5 . $3.67
Ayudante de Armador de Buques,
LM-5 ............ . $3.67
Operador deTractor, LM-62 . . $3.83
Tapicero, LM-9 2 ...... $5.99
Ayudante de Soldador, LM-5 . $3.67
Ayudante de Soldador, LM-52 . $3.67
Puestos Temporales
(M6ximode ailo)
Auxiliar en Metereologia LN-I (Tiem-
po parcial, maximo de 30 horas) $7,268.00
Operador de Vehiculos Motorizados,
LM-52 (Debe saber ingl6s) (Primeras
cuarenta horas) . . . $3.67


nes Vacantes




Si- can-
rio les
A 1
A 3
A 1

A 1


Navegaci6n P 1

Navegaci6n P
Trans. Mtr. P
Trans. Mtr. A

Trans. Mtr. A I

Trans. Mtr. A. 2



Industrial A 1

Trans. Mtr.
Trans. Mtr.

Ingenieria A 1

Trans. Mtr. P

C6mo Solicitar Empleo: Las solicitudes se recibiran en el Ramo de Empleo y
Colocaciones ubicado en el Edificio 366. en Anc6n. o en el Edificio 1105. en Crist6bal. La
solicitud se hari mediante el Formulario 443. Solicitud de Traslado. y deberd ser recibida en
el Ramo dentro de los pr6ximos site dias calendarios posteriores a la fecha de esta
publicaci6n. Pueden verificarse los requisitos de los puestos en la Biblioteca y Museo de la
Comisi6n del Canal de Panama. Para mayor informaci6n Ilame al Ramo de Empleo y
Colocaciones: a los telefonos 52-3583. 52-7996 6 46-7219.
El candidate escogido debe cscribir a miquina a una velocidad minima de cuarenta palabras por minute
(40 ppm).
2 Se require tener licencia de conductor.
SDebe saber nadar.
La Comisi6n del Canal de Panama as un empleador que se ajusta a la Ley
sobre Igualdad de Oportunidades.

Pigina 3

SLa Oficinade Personal en el
Sector Atlantico, situada en el
Edificio 1105 de Crist6bal, esti
abierta al p6blico durante horas
de oficina solamente, de 7:15 a

Se recuerda a los emplea-
dos de la Comisi6n del Canal
de Panama que los permisos de
zarpe y las licencias de radio
para naves de placer y depor-
tivasen la Rep6blicade Panama
expiran el 31 de diciembre. La
renovaci6n de permisos y licen-
cias en el sector Pacifico se
puede tramitar en las oficinas de
la Direcei6n General Consulary
de Naves en el Edificio de la
Capitania del Puerto de Balboa
(oficina 101), yen el AtlAnticoen
las oficinas 107y 109 del Edificio
.1303, localizado detras del
Cuartel de la Policia de Cris-
t6bal. Para mayor informaci6n,
llame a Roberto A. Catwell al
tel. 32-5814 o al 32-5885 en
Balboa, o a Rigoberto Davila al
tel. 45-2432 en Crist6bal.

A fin de compensar por el
tiempo perdido durante las'
fiestas Navidefias, la fecha de
cierre para recibir material para
la edici6n del SPILLWAY del 4 de
enero ha sido adelantada para el
mediodia del mi6rcoles 26 de


1 111 1 1 I -



Pagina 4 SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE PANAMA Diciembre 21, 1984

Dama panamefia recuerda

primer transito del Canal

Primer transito official
El vapor "Anc6n", que transportaba entire sus distinguidos invitados a Cecilia Garcia, pasa el deslizamiento de
Cucaracha durante el primer trdnsito official del Canal de Panamd el 15 de agosto de 1914.

Cecilia Garcia de Diaz,
o Doiia Chila, como es
lamada cariiosamente,
admira su copia de
cortesia de la pintura de
Al Sprague que fue
adoptada por la
Comisi6n del Canal de
Panamd para
conmemorar el 70
aniversario de la via
interoceinica. La Sra.
Diaz estuvo a bordo del
vapor "Anc6n"cuando
efectu6 el hist6rico
trdnsito que abri6
oficialmente el Canal al
servicio de la industrial
maritima mundial.

Foto por
Armando De Gracia

Por Joaquin Horna
Tempranoen la maiana del 15de
agosto de 1914, el SS Ancon inici6
su hist6rico viaje del Atldntico
hacia el Pacifico para inaugurar
oficialmente el Canal de Panama.
George W. Goethals, supervisor
responsible de la obra, observaba
desde la orilla, transportandose de
un punto a otro por tren. En ambas
orillas, cientos de personas mlis
gritaban y saludaban mientras la
nave surcaba por el canal.
A bordo, entire los invitados
especiales, se encontraba una dama
de la sociedad panamefia, de 18
afios de edad, llamada Cecilia
Garcia; conocida ahora por su
nombre de casada, Cecilia Garcia
de Diaz. Habia sido invitada porel
entonces Presidente de la Re-

~~ ~leI I -.Cd



4, ~ djb

P .C .r

piblica, Dr. Belisario Porras, para
que le sirviera de int6rprete. "Era
muy amiga suya y de su esposa,
dofa Alicia," explic6 la sefiora
Diaz durante reciente entrevista en
su residencia en la ciudad de
Panama. "El Dr. Porras me
mandaba a buscar con frecuencia
porque yo habia estudiado 8 afios
en una escuela de monjas en
Reading, Ohio."
"Primero viajamos en tren hasta
el Lago Gattn, donde abordamos
una lancha que nos llev6 hasta el
Ancdn"-explic6 la sefiora Diaz.
"Estaba encantada de ser una de las
primeras personas en el mundo en
transitar por el Canal de Panama."
Ademas del Dr. Porras, dice que el
Dr. Guillermo Andreve, Secretario
de Instrucci6n Piblica, y el Dr.
Carlos A. Mendoza seencontraban
a bordo durante el transito.
Tambi6n formaban parte del grupo
sus tios Ladislao Sosa, Secretario
de Fomento y Obras P6blicas, y
Jer6nimo J. Garcia, Adminis-
trador General de Tierras.
Dofia Cecilia recuerda que el
autor del Himno Nacional de
Panama, don Santos Jorge, dirigia
la orquesta que amenizaba el viaje,
y que fue servido un "suculento"
banquet. "Cuando llegamos a las
primeras esclusas estibamos muy
emocionados y contents. Todos
comentaban lo bien construida que
estaban. Yo me sentia un poco
asustada, pues el barco se veia tan
pequefiito dentro de la esclusa."
Aunque la noticia de la apertura
official del Canalde Panama estuvo
enterrada en las iltimas piginas de
muchos peri6dicos, debido a que la
atenci6n del mundo estaba. cen-
trada en la guerra en Europa, el
transito del Ancdnseria reconocido
despu6s como el significativo event
hist6rico que fue. Y para Cecilia de
Diaz, una de las primeras personas
en navegar por la via acuitica y
posiblemente la Inica sobreviviente
del transito inaugural, fue una de
las experiencias mas memorable de
su vida.
Otra le sucedi6 tres afios mis
tarde, cuando se uni6 en matri-
monio con un prestigioso comer-
ciante panamefio, don Octavio
Diaz, con quien tuvo cuatro hijos:
Octavio, Ricardo, Jaime y Lilia.

I .

4 :







Nombre atractivo Foto por Kevin Jenkins
La nave de carga peruana "Anc6n", una de por to menos cuatro naves del mismo nombre que han navegado en
aguas del Canal de Panamd, espera su turn para transitar rumbo al norte en el fondeadero del Pacifico.

Por Susan K. Stabler
Cuando Cecilia Garcia se hallaba
a bordo del original barco A ncdn el
15 de agosto de 1914 para el primer
trinsito official del Canal de Pana-
ma, probablemente estaba tan cons-
ciente del significado hist6rico del
event que prest6 poca atenci6n al
nombre del barco en que estaba. Sin
embargo, desde esa memorable
ocasi6n, por lo menos tres otras
embarcaciones con ese mismo nom-
bre han transitado por aguas del
En 1939, la Panama Railroad
Steamship Line reemplaz6 al origi-
nal Ancdn y a su hermana gemela
Cristobal, con tres nuevos y ultra-
modernos barcos de carga y pasaje-
ros, el Ancdn, el Cristdbal y el
Panamd. Estas naves sirvieron a la
organizaci6n del Canal por muchos
afios, hacienda frecuentes viajes
entire los Estados Unidos y la
Repiblica de PanamA. Tambi6n
contribuyeron al esfuerzo de la
Segunda Guerra Mundial sirvien-

do el Ancdn como uno de los
primeros y mejor conocidos barcos
de comunicaciones de la Armada de
los Estados Unidos.
Recientemente, otro tocayo del
Ancdn, un barco carguero perua-
no, transit el Canal. Construidaen
1970, la nave es propiedad de la
Intercontinental Maritima del Per6
y es usuario regular de la via
acuatica, habiendo transitado nue-
ve vecesen los 6ltimos aflos. Su mds
reciente transito fue en direcci6n
norte con destiny a La Guaira,
Venezuela, con un cargamento de
plomo y zinc.
Otro Ancdn, un pequefio barco
de cabotaje, parece pasargran parte
de su tiempo amarradoa unode los
muelles de Coco Solo. Ya que el
muelle esta ubicado en la Bahia de
Manzanillo, y que "anc6n" es una
voz espafiola que significa "ensena-
da pequefia en que se puede fon-
dear", quizas la pequefia embarca-
ci6n prefiera mantenerse cerca de

Anc6n: un nombre y algo mas


Paigina 4


Diciembre 21, 1984

Diciembre 21 1984


Periodista narra experiencias de un transito

Lo que sigue es una version
condensada del articulo escrito por
Franklin Bdsque: D'Giovanni y
publicado en "La Prensa" des-
puis de que su author efec-
tuara un trdnsito del Canal de
Panamd con motivo del 70-
aniversario de la apertura de la via

Eran las dos de la madrugada
cuando un vehiculo de la Comisi6n
Ilegaba a la residencia del Capitin
Jeremias De Le6n, el primer
panamefio corntratado para ejercer
la profesi6n de prActico. Cuatro
personas-el conductor, el Capitin
De Le6n, el fot6grafo Alcides
Rodriguez y este reportero-par-
timos en el vehiculo rumbo a la
oficina central de practices ubicada
en Balboa. Alli, el CapitAn De Le6n
revisa algunos datos que, poste-
riormente, le serAn tiles durante la
travesia antes de trasladarnos a

Cuando Ilegamos al puerto de
Crist6bal, en Col6n, una pequefia
lancha nos condujo al buque Jo
Lonn, una modern e impresio-
nante nave holandesa que esta-
ba fondeada en la Bahia de Col6n.
El capitin del Jo Lonn, J. F.
Jongbloed, nos di6 la bienvenida a
bordo para el transito. El Capitan
de Le6n revis6 los instruments y
solicit orden de partida a trav6s de
su radio. Arrancaron las turbines
de diesel y el movimiento de la
poderosa h6lice empez6 a mover la
nave sobre las tranquilas aguas del
Canal al asomarse el sol.
Los remolcadores, el McHaffeyy
el Morrow, acudieron al auxilio del
Jo Lonn para mantenerlo en una
posici6n firme al dirigirse a las
esclusas de.Gatin. La nave, que
mide 105 pies de manga, solo tenia
'dos y medio pies de margen en cada
lado de las camaras de 110 pies de
ancho. Una cuadrilla de 20 pasa-
cables subi6 a la nave para

coordinar los amarres con las
"mulas", los poderosos trencitos
que ayudan a guiar las naves a
trav6s de las esclusas.
Por ser una nave de considerable
tamafio, el Capitan De Le6n fue
auxiliado por otros tres prActicos-
William F. Carroll, Ove Jensen y
Willard Theriault. Los dos prime-
ros vigilaban desde los costados del
barco, y este iltimo relevaria al
Capitan De Le6n en la mitad del
Del Atlintico al Lago Gatfn hay
que ascender, a trav6s de las
esclusas, unos 85 pies, que trans-
curri6 sin ningfn problema. Al
frente de nosotros realizando el
viaje de tres horas a trav6s del lago
estabael Jo Clipper, buque gemelo,
y detrfs de nosotros estaba la nave
japonesa New York Maru.
Al dejar atris el lago, el buque
comenz6 a navegar el estrecho
Corte Gaillard. Cerca a la comuni-

dad de Gamboa, el Capitin
Theriault tom6 el mando y el
Capitan De Le6n ocup6 laposici6n
deauxiliar. Aunquelasresponsabi-
lidades cambiaron, nadie podia
El Capitan Theriault tuvo un
poco de menos suerte que De Le6n,
debido a que un fuerte aguacero
exigi6 mAs cuidado. Sin embargo,
la experiencia de Theriault estaba
por encima de las molestias que
provoca la naturaleza y sigui6
adelante para atravesar las esclusas
gemelas de Pedro Miguel y Mira-
A las cuatro y mediade latardeel '
Jo Lonn abandon Miraflorespara
tomar camino a Australia y Nueva
Zelandia, con una carga de 30 mil
toneladas de Acido fosf6rico y 8 mil
toneladas de asfalto. Su ahorro en
distancia por el uso del Canal son
seis mil millas, que equivalent a 18
dias de viaje. Sielcostodiariodel Jo

Lonn se calcula en 30 mil d6lares
diario, en 18 dias ahorrara 540 mil
d6lares. Despu6s de descontar 40
mil d61aresporelpagodelpeajey30
mil d61ares por el dia que se pierde
por transitar la via, elahorro neto es
de 470 mil d6lares, aproximada-
Junto con los Capitanes De
Le6n, Carroll y Jensen, abando-
namos la nave casi debajo del
Puente de las Am6ricas. El Capitin
Theriault debi6 permanecer a
bordo hasta que el Jo Lonn se
encontrara fuera de la via canalera.
La pequefia lancha cortaba las olas
para llegar al puerto de Balboa,
donde los tres prActicos se reporta-
rian y registrarian el n6mero de
horas que trabajaron.
A las cinco en punto de la tarde
nos despedimos del CapitAn De
Le6n con un fuerte apret6n de
manos. Mientras tanto, el Canal
seguia funcionando-asi ha sido
durante los iltimos 70 afios.

Un empujoncito Foto por Alcides Rodriguez
El remolcador "Morrow" mantiene al buque cisterna en posici6n al ayudarlo a entrar a las Esclusas de Gatdn.

Antiguos trabajadores agradecidos del Canal

En un esfuerzo por expresar el
mAs profundo agradecimiento a
todas aquellas personas que cons-
truyeron la maravilla de la ingenie-
ria que es hoy el puentedel mundo,
la Comisi6n del Canal de Panama
rindi6 tribute especial a los traba-
jadores de la era'de la construcci6n
de la via interoceAnica durante la
celebraci6n del 709 aniversario de la
apertura del Canal en agosto
Mas de 100 de las personas que
participaron en el esfuerzo de la
monumental construcci6n a6n vi-
ven hoy dia. En reconocimiento a
sus importantes contribuciones, se
les envi6 reproducciones de la
pintura de Al Sprague que adopt
la Comisi6n para conmemorar el

Spillway del

700 aniversario, y cartas de agrade-
cimiento del Administrador de la
Comisi6n D. P. McAuliffe. "La
larga existencia y durabilidad del
Canal son un gran cr6dito para
ustedes y para sus compafieros de
trabajo de la 6poca de la construc-
ci6n", decian las cartas.
Ernest E. Holder, de Barbados,
quien celebr6 sus 100 afios de edad
el 25 de junior, contest la carta
dandole las gracias a la Comisi6n
por acordarse de 61 durante la
celebraci6n. "Le estoy sumamente
agradecido y feliz por el respeto y
aprecio que me ha demostrado",
dijo. "Mi mAs sincere deseo es que
continue sirviendo al mundo con
dignidad y excelencia durante
muchos afios mAs en el future". El

Canal de Panama

Administrator de la Comnisidn del Canal Subadministrador
Director Jefe de
Oficina de Informacidn y Informnacidn Piblica
Relaciones Pdhlicas
Official de Prensa Directora
El SPILLWAY es una publicacidn official del Canal de PanamA. Los articulos que en ella aparecen pueden
ser reproducidos sin pedir autorizaci6n. unicamente acreditando al SPILLWAY DEL CANAL DE
PANAMA como la fuente. Toda colaboraci6n debe estar en la Oficina de Prensa antes del mediodia del
jueves anterior a su publicaci6n. DespuCs de esa fecha s61o se aceptaran noticias oficiales de urgenciA. Las
subscripciones de 52 ejemplares cuestan $6 por correo ordinario. 54 porcorreo ordinario para estudiantes. y
$19 por correo aereo. Envie cheque o giro postal a favor de Comisi6n del Canal de PanamA. dirigido a
Oficina de Informaci6n y Relaciones P(blicas. APO Miami 34011.

Sr. Holder fue originalmente em-
pleado por la Comisi6n del Canal
Istmico como herrero.
Durante la celebraci6n del ani-
versario, diez veterans de la poca
de la construcci6n que viven en la
Rep6blica de Panama fueron
invitados como huespedes especia-
les a la ceremonia official verificada
en la rotonda del Edificio de
Administraci6n en Balboa Heights,
durante la cual el entonces Presi-
dente de Panama, Dr. Jorge
Illueca, fue el invitado de honor.
Tambi6n asistieron a una recepci6n
en la residencia del Administrador
despu6s de la ceremonia. Ellos eran
Anastacio Batista, Jos6 del C.
Cerezo, Augustus Deane, ArthurJ.
Evans, Osvaldo GonzAlez, C. A.
Hunter, Constantine A. Parkinson,
George R. Rodney, Clement T.
Small y Elisha Tait.
El Sr. Parkinson, quien fue
originalmente empleado como guar-
davia del ferrocarril, tambi6n
escribi6 para expresar su agrade-
cimiento, diciendoque 1y losotros
sefiores se sintieron "encantados"
de estar presents en la ceremonia y
"sin duda pasaron un rato muy
agradable" en la recepci6n. El Sr.
Parkinson, quien cumpli6 90 afios
de edad este afio. afiadi6, "Me
siento muy feliz de haberestadocon
vida para celebrar este 700 ani-

Paso ajustado Foto por Alcides Rodriguez
El buque "Jo Lonn" que mide 105 pies en manga, cuenta con apenas 2%
pies de espacio en cada lado al pasarpor las cdmaras de las esclusas de
110 pies de ancho.

Pasacables se marchan a sus hogares
Foto por Alcides Rodriguez
Una cuadrilla depasacables desembarca delbuque "Jo Lonn"despus de
concluir un esclusaje.

Pagina 5


En vid d cante os (Cantado al son de las "Posadas del Nilo Dios
En IvlvUdaU canl el os Parodia por Joaquin Horna
villancicos al Canal A las puertas de la Esclusa ha Ilegado
del Pac/fico un barco de pasajeros
pidiendo cruzar al Atldntico
que su peaje va a pagar certero
Cantar villancicos suele ser un pasatiempo ADENTRO DE LA ESCLUSA
popular durante las fiestas Navidefias. Pero Ya la Esclusa de Miraflores esid cerrada
el Controlador de trdfico se ha esfumado
algunas de las letras de muchos de los mis aan por otrolado se ores f
conocidos villancicos tienen poco significado que las mulas se han daniado.
cuando se celebra la Navidad en el Istmo, y la AFUERA
cosa mis semejante a las tormentas de nieve en Senores ya no es por mi
el norte es la fresca brisa de la estaci6n seca de sino por mis pasajeros
el otro camino, es tan demorado
Panami. Con esto en mente, el personal del que van a llegaratrasados.
SPILLWAY ha preparado estas parodias para 5
aquellas personas que quieran cantar villancicos No se puede de moment s
en el Canal. Extendemos nuestras mas sinceras dejar un barco pasar
Sds a ls lyrics origiporque el cauce es muv largo
JYdisculpas a los licos o ale. no tenemos remolcador.

Sefiores por caridad
mis pasajeros se pueden cansar
v no los puedo dejar
EL CAYUCO DEL CANAL VENID NAVEGANTES para que el tren los vaya a levar.
(Cantado al son de "El Burrito de Belin") (Cantado al son de "Venid Pastorcillos")
Parodia por Joaquin Horna Parodia por Joaquin Horna A DENTRO
Con mi cayuco bananero Coro: Venid navegantes Esta no es la estacidn del tren
voy camino del Canal. (BIS) venid a cruzar pasen ustedes por otras parties
por el Canal de Panamd pues no vamos a abrir
Coro: .Simeven, simeven, que abierto siempre estd. (BIS) no vayan a resultar pirates tunantes.
voi camino del Canal. (BIS)
SEn un estrecho istmo AFUERA
La lucecita en el tablero se encuentra el canal Soy el trasatldntico renovado
ilumina mi sendero. (BIS) que Atdntico y Pacifico que a la Esclusa de Miraflores ha llegado
une por igual. 1' mis pasajeros esidn emnocionados
Con mi canto rapidito voy remando por ver el Canal d Panamnd atra\'vsado.
mi cavuco va surcando. (BIS) Tres juegos de Esclusas
los barcos tienen que pasar ADENTRO
Tuqui, tuqui, tuqui, tuqui, construidas en cuatro afos Eres tu la Queen Mary
tuqui, tuqui, tuqui, td funcionan sin cesar. de la Queen Elizabeth hermana
pasa buen trasat/dntico
apurate mi cavuquito que ya pasa en trasatldnti
vamos a cruzar. En Miraflores y Pedro Miguel que yo no la recordaba.
Tuqui, tuqui, tuqui, tuqui millones de galones de agua
tuqui, tuqui, tuqui, tu elevan los barcos 85 pies AFUERA
apdrate mi cayuquito para el Corte Gaillard transitar. Dios pague a ustedes senores
por el Canal de Panamd. vuestro eficiente servicio
por el Canal de Panama.
Con gozo y presteza y que siempre se mantenga el Canal
amor, eficiencia y fe en paz, felicidad y regocijo.
a la navegacidn del mundo servimos
en el Canal de Panamd. ADENTRO (ABREN LAS PUERTAS
Pasen buenos pasajeros
transiten por vuestro canal
ESCLUSA SOBRRE ESCLUSA que sirve d los barcos del mundo
con amor en el corazdn.
(Cantado al son de "Campana Sobre Campana")
Parodia por Joaquin Horna TODOS
Esclusa sobre esclusa i Cantemos con alegria
y sobre esclusa Miraflores todos al considerar
asmate al Observatorio EL PALETE RO que el Queen Mary vino hov
v verds accionar las compuertas. (Cantado a son de "Arbolitopara cruzar el Canal.
(Cantado al son de "Arbolito")
Coro: Canal, Canal de Panamd Parodia por David Constable
que los barcos del mundo cruzan Alld estd el paletero
Sa comer una paleta
con mucha rapidez. (BIS) vamos a verlo manito

Esclusa sobre esclusa de coco o de cereza.
y sobre esclusa Pedro Miguel Los juguetes y los dulces
asdmate a Contractors Hill andan en la tienda
v verds el Corte Gaillard. y mamd estd lavando
para ir Y'a de compras.
Esperando entrar al Canal
adonde van tantos barcos, Paletero, paletero
voy a llevar mi carga paletitas te compre
sin ir al Cabo de Hornos. pues a la vecina
le voy a ofrecer.
Esclusa sobre esclusa Iremos por la vereda
v sobre esclusa Gattn caminito al placer
asdmate a la orilla iremos porque mamita
y verds las mulas remolcando. ya sabe del paletero.

Families de la Comisi6n viven la Navidad

Por Joaquin Horna
El destello multicolor de los
hogares adornados, es lo primero
que viene a la mente de muchos
cuando piensan en la Navidad.
Algunas imagenes familiares de la
6poca son los arbolitos, los hombres
de nieve, los Reyes Magos, el Nifio
Dios en el pesebre y Santa Claus y
sus renos ... guiados por el c6lebre
Aunque la crisis energ6tica de los
1970 oblig6 a decorar con menos
ostentaci6n, la tradici6n de ador-
nar las casas para la Navidad
sobrevivi6. Y las families conti-
nuaron manifestando su gozo porel
nacimiento del Hijo de Dios.
Morayma de Cedefio, funcio-
naria de la Divisi6n de Navegaci6n
de la Comisi6n del Canal de
Panama, decora el interior de su
residencia con preciosos centros de
mesa que ella misma confecciona.
Este ano diseii6 y pint6-en sus
ratos libres y con ayuda de sus dos
hijos, Carlos, 10, y Romyel, 8,-
cuatro grandes botas y un Santa
Claus, hechos de plywood, para el
Toda su calle tambi6n estA ador-
nada. "El afio pasado solo unos
cuantos decoramos nuestros hoga-
res", afirma. "Esta vez nos hemos

organizado para fomentar la tradi-
ci6n y evitar que se pierda."
La temporada navidefia de la
familiar Harrill comienza tempra-
no, cuando colocan en su mesa la
traditional corona de Adviento.
Adornan su Arbol de Navidad con
crismones, monogramas formados
con las letras griegas del nombrede
Cristo, que elaboran con nacar,
plastico y espuma sint6tica. La idea
primordial es confeccionar simbo-
los cristianos para mantener a
Jesucristo como el centro de la
celebraci6n, de una manera bella y
significativa. El Sr. Harrill es jefe
del Ramo de Comunicaciones de la
Division E16ctrica.
Elaine Stephenson, esposa del
Director de la Oficina de Rela-
ciones Industriales, Michael Stephen-
son, adorna su arbolito con origi-
nales mufiecos que ella hace con
hilo de seda, fieltro y otros ma-
teriales. Hacer cada mufieco le
toma de 2 a 5 horas, y los fabric
desde hace 5 afios. Estan inspirados
en simbolos tradicionales de Navi-
dad, como el Nifio Dios, Maria y
Jos6; en simbolos de la temporada,
como gente vestida para la nieve, y
en motives nacionales, como la
india kuna, el montuno y la pollera.

Original arbol Foto por Kevin Jenkins
Tulia Allen coloca una estrella sobre el arbolito de Navidad que orden6
para la Oficina del Traductor Oficial. Hecho en El Valle con madera tipo
bambt, el arbolito tiene la forma de la Estrella de David, con estrellas de
menor a mayor tamaiio de arriba hacia abajo. Los adornos de madera,
hechos a mano en Europa,fueron proporcionados por Velda Anderson, a
la izquierda.

Tradici6n enriquece vida latina

Las decoraciones que adornan el
hogar de Floyd y Sharon Holland
todas las Navidades provienen de
Panama y Sudam6rica y de una
amiga britdnica. Desde hace 14
afios, preparan una "sopa de No-
chebuena" que se ha convertido en
una tradici6n para decenas deamis-
La Sra. Holland, instructor de
Ingl6s en el Centro de Adiestra-
miento, piensa que los hijos hacen
la Navidad mas important y vi-
gorosa. Lo que explica la decisive
participaci6n de Sean, 18; Seanan,
15; y Hillary, 10, al moment de
adornar el hogar.
Para Jerry y Carol Hall, quienes
este afio celebran su primera Navi-
dad en compafiia de su hijo recien
nacido, Garrett, es diferente. Desde
su matrimonio en 1973, invierten

much tiempo adornando su hogar
todos los afos: Ambos disfrutaban
decorando en Navidad desde la
infancia, ycontinuaron la tradici6n
en su vida de adults.
Jerry, programador de trafico
maritime en la Divisi6n de Nave-
gaci6n, demora dos o tres semanas
decorando su arbol navidefio.
Alumbrado por 440 foquitos, con
adornos colgando y ligrimas flu-
yendo artisticamente de sus ramas,
este arbol refleja el amor que
sienten sus duefos por la Navidad.
Todas las Navidades, Iris Vives y
sus cinco hijos reflorecen el'senti-
miento de unidad familiar cuando
arreglan su nacimiento. "Lo mis
important sucede a las doce en
Nochebuena, cuando colocamos al
Nifio Dios en brazos de la Virgen
Maria," afirma la Sra. Vives, fun-
cionaria de colocaciones especiales

en la Oficina de Administraci6n de
Desde hace 5 afios, participa
activamente en la comunidad de su
iglesia y ayuda a organizer sus
posadas. Esto ha contribuido a que
comprenda mejor el sentido de la
Navidad. "La Navidad no es solo
para deshollinar la casa y ador-
narla"-dice-"sino tambi6n para
renovarse uno mismo".
La Navidad es la epoca mis
maravillosa del afio para muchos.
Las notches se llenan de color y los
adornos despiertan hermosos sen-
timientos en grandes y chicos. El
"Espfritu de la Navidad" se aloja en
el coraz6n de millones, convirtien-
do el mundo en un lugar de ensuefno
y fantasia, donde predomina la paz
y el amor... como debiera ser todo
el aio.

Las tortugas, un pasatiempo fascinante

Por Oleta Tinnin
A trav6s de los siglos, las tortugas
han cautivado la atenci6n de
muchos al introducirse arrastran-
dose, en nuestro patrimonio cul-
tural. El cuento de la tortuga y la
liebre es contado, debido a su
moraleja, a los nifios a una
temprana edad, y los j6venes
lectures disfrutan de la tortuga enel
cuento delasA venturasde Alicia en
el Pais de las Maravillas.
La primera mascotade un nifioes
con frecuencia una tortuguita que
vive en un acuario improvisado y
que entretiene a la familiar con sus
payasadas. Debido a que vive mis
tiempo que los otros vertebrados,
incluyendo al hombre, estos ani-
males han Ilegado a ser conside-
rados simbolos de longevidad.
Porestasy muchas otras razones,
las tortugas son un tema popular
entire los entusiastas y coleccionis-
tas de arte de todos los paises del
Olga de B1liz, esposa del Di-
rector de la Oficina de Informaci6n.
y Relaciones Piblicas de la Comi-
si6n del Canalde Panama, tiene 167
tortugas en su colecci6n. Las
.tortugas proceden de todos los
paises que ha visitado desde 19q8.
Los 6nicos lugares que no ha

visitado y que, por consiguiente, no
estan representados en su colec-
ci6n, son Africa y Australia. El
pr6ximo afio tiene intenciones de
visitar estos dos lugares en busca de
nuevas tortugas para agregar a la
Algunas de sus tortugas son
bastante grandes-en su mayoria
las primeras que adquiri6, ya que
muy pronto aprendi6 que las mas
pequefias eran much mas faciles
de transportar y exhibir. La
colecci6n se divide en muestras de
Sur y Centroam6rica, Europa,
Oriente y Estados Unidos. Van
es una tortuga rellena confeccio-
nada con una mola de las Islas de
San Blas--hasta las que estin
hechasde piedras semi-preciosas de
casi todas parties.
Las piezas incluyen tortugas de
ceramica, esteatita, madera y dife-
rentes classes de porcelana, como el
Blue Delf holand6s y la porcelana
inglesa. Entre las mis raras y
valiosas estan las de malaquita de
Hong Kong, jade de TaiwAn,
lapizlasuli de Chile, la radocrocita
de Argentina yloscristalesde Viena
y Suecia.
En un extreme de su exhibici6n,
varias tortugas con instruments
integran un grupo musical para-el
deleite de las tortuguitas que
aparecen en fila montadas en el

caparaz6n de sus madres. Unjuego
hecho de cerAmica incluye una caja
para palillos y un servilletero para
una comida especial. Otras sirven
de ceniceros y otros articulos (tiles
cuando son colocadas boca arriba.
Algunas de las tortugas tienen
piezas movibles que las hace
parecer reales; y una es real, aunque
ya no vive, y esta artisticamente
Entre las unidades mas intere-
santes de la colecci6n figuran las
tortugas de la Repi6blica Popular
China que representan al empera-
dor chino. Son distintas a las piezas
occidentales debido a que tienen
cabezas de drag6n. En la mitologia
china, se dice que los dragones son
los mas sagrados de los animals y
los portadores de suerte, longe-
vidad, felicidad y todo lo que es
La Enciclopedia Britanica nos
dice que las tortugas ya eran
numerosas hace 175 millones de
afios y que han "trazado un curso
impasible y seguro a trav6s del
tiempo de la evoluci6n". Aunque
son muy similares como un grupo,
varian de acuerdo con su ambiente
natural-algunas son plans, unas
tienen jorobas y unas tienen mis
colorido que otras. Todas estin
representadas en la "Colecci6n
B61iz", que cuenta con variaciones
artisticas en material y decorado.

Por Roy Naylor
A pesar de ser muchos los con-
vencidosdeque laNavidades"para
los nifios", ello no es asi en la
America Latina, en donde tales
festividades tienen un sabor mis
religioso que en otras parties del
mundo. Entre los latinoamerica-
nos, la temporada pascual comien-
za a principios de diciembre, al
prepararse los nifios para hacer su
Primera Comuni6n el 8 de diciem-
bre, Dia de la Madre. De ahi en
adelante, los pensamientos de to-
dos se dirigen hacia la traditional
reuni6n familiar de la "Cena de
Navidad", equivalent a la que se
celebra en los Estados Unidos.con
motivo del Dia de Acci6n de Gra-
En Panama, una reunion de esta
naturaleza exige en algunos casos
que algunos miembros de la familiar
se movilicen desde o hacia el Inte-

rior de la Reptblica. Sin embargo,
no importa donde se sirva la cena,
los de mayor edad siempre ocupan
su puesto a la cabeza de la mesa, yse
les colma de todo tipodeatenciones
y regalos, los iltimos usualmente
entregados por sus nictos y bis-
La cena misma es en realidad un
festin, e incluye plates tan sucu-
lentos como tamales de maiz re-
Ilenos con gallina o puerco; la
apetitosa lechona; la rosca enri-
quecida con huevos; jam6n. pavo,
ensalada de papas, arroz con guan-
di, ron ponche y dulce de frutas.
Celebrar de esta manera en la
vispera de Navidad es una de las
forms de cimentar los nexos
familiares entire los latinos, al
tiempo que expresan el calor que
hay en sus corazones, el respetoque
sienten por sus padres, y el amor
que se tienen unos a otros.

Colecci6n de tortugas Foto por Arthur Pollack
Olga Beliz observa parte de su colecci6n de tortugas de distintas parties del mundo, en su residencia en Altos de
Balboa. En la composici6n fotogr6fica se aprecian otras tortugas de su colecci6n.

+''"' X.; " o
r f ', t ~e t "''''' W.;

;~*~:: ;I"~ ? .r r *;

Comienza temporada de cruceros en el Canal

Acaba de iniciarse una nueva
temporada de cruceros y durante
los pr6ximos meses, barcos carga-
dos de pasajeros estaran atravesan-
do el Canal de Panama. Aunquelas
lujosas naves de pasajeros hacen la
travesia de la via acuatica durante
todo el aiio llegan en mayores
cantidades durante la estaci6n seca
proporcionandole a losqueviajana
bordo un medio de escapar del
crudo invierno del norte.

Fuera de la contribuci6n que los
barcos de pasajeros hacen a los
niveles de trAfico del Canal, los
pasajeros mismos reportan benefi-
cios econ6micos a Panama. Con
esto en mente, los agents de viajes
de la localidad y el Instituto Pana-
mefio de Turismo (IPAT) estin
haciendo un esfuerzo conjunto por
alentar a los mayoristas a incluir a
Panama yelCanalensusitinerarios
de viaje. Otras medidas incluyen la

propuesta de escalas adicionales en
otros sitios de interns en el pais.

El esfuerzo que se hace tiene el
prop6sito primordial de contra-
rrestar un reciente descenso en el
n6mero de pasajeros que entran al
pais. Aunque el n6mero de barcos
de pasajeros que transitan el Canal
no ha variado del afio fiscal 1983 al
de 1984, hubo apenas un pequefio
descenso en el n6mero de pasajeros

que iban a bordo. Estadisticas del
IPAT muestran que el n6mero de
pasajeros que entraron al pais por
los terminales de Balboa y Crist6-
bal durante los primeros nueve
meses de 1984 (12,544) descendi6
substancialmente de la cantidad
registrada para ese mismo period
de 1983(16,149).

Se espera que el esfuerzo promo-
cional conjunto queactualmente se

adelanta logre que desembarque
mayor nimero de pasajeros y que
visiten las atracciones locales. Mien-
tras tanto, quienes transitan a bor-
do de los barcos de pasajeros
disfrutan de la oportunidad de ver
de cerca una de las maravillas
mundiales de la ingenieria. (Ver
notas separadas sobre dos de estos
barcos cruceros en esta misma

Majestuosamente transit el "Royal Princess"




















la Linea Princess Cruise de los
Estados U nidos, que tambi6n opera
el Sun Princess, Island Princess yel
Pacific Princess, todos usuarios
regulars del Canal. Bautizado por
la princess Diana de Gran Bretafia
el 15 de noviembreen Southampton,
Inglaterra, el Royal Princess nicio
su viaje inaugural hacia Miami
cuatro dias despu6s.
La Compafiia Peninsular& Orien-
tal Steam Navigation (P & 0),
empresa propietaria de Princess
Cruises, ha llevado pasajeros tan
ilustres como los autores ingleses
Rudyard Kipling, Anthony Tro-
lope, Edward M. Forstery William
Thackeray, quien inmortaliz6 sU
primer viaje en el libro "From
Cornhill to Grand Cairo. "En remi-
niscencia de ese period se encuen-
tra actualmente a bordo del Royal
Princess un modelo del Delta, el
iltimo de los vapores originales de
la P & 0, que fue construido en
El crucero esta especialmente
disefiado de manera que los 600
camarotes estan al frente en la parte
superior del barco. Cada uno tiene
un vitral, y 152 de ellos tienen
balcones privados. Cada cabina
tambi6n tiene una regadera, bafie-
ra, y un televisor con canales para
circuit cerrado o abierto.
Los salones principales estin
colocados horizontalmente en un
mismo nivel, y tiene un espacio
abierto de dos acres con piso de
madera de teca. El sal6n deentrada
luce una escultura circundada por
una escalera, y en el nivel inmedia-
tamente superior se yergue un bal,
c6n circular parecido a los caf6s al
aire libre, desdedonde sedomina la
pintoresca plaza. El barco tambi6n
tiene un sal6n de belleza, un centro
m6dico con cinco salas, teatro,
biblioteca, casino, gimnasio y sau-
na, cuatro piscinas y piso de paseo

con una pista para trotar, ademas
de various salones de descanso, bares
y cabaret.
El espacioso y elegant comedor
tiene capacidad para 616 personas.
La cocina del Royal Princess utiliza
una tonelada de carnes y polls
diariamente, un cuarto de tonelada
de pescado y harina, tres cuartos de
tonelada de vegetables, 3,000 huevos,
2,000 trozos de fruta fresca, y
hornea 4,000 panecillos y 1,500
Construido para acomodar a
1,260 pasajeros yunatripulaci6nde
500, el Royal Princesscost6 la suma
de $150 millones. El precio del
crucero es algo mayor de lo normal
debido a su menor capacidad de
pasajeros en relaci6n a su tamafio.
El estimado anualde sus entradases
de $100 millones, y el promedio
diario del pasaje es de $350.
Se espera que Estados Unidos
tendra la mayor cantidad de pasa-
jeros a bordo del nuevo barco. Por
tanto, el decorado del Royal Princess
fue disefiado para responder al
mercado esperado-personas de
mis de 50 afios y residents de
Texas, California y Florida. Las
alfombras, paredes y muebles de un
suave color crema, son comple-
mentados con accesorios de cobre.
Resaltan obras originales de arte
que costaron un cuarto de mill6nde
libras esterlinas.
El decorado incluye una gran
variedad de arte de distinta indole
cuidadosamente ubicado por los
artists y disefiadores, quienes bus-
caban combinar la simplicidad con
la elegancia. Aunque el barco fue
construido en el astillero de Wartsila
en Helsinki, Finlandia, la mayoria
de los artists y disefiadores fueron
ingleses y las ideas basicas dedisefio
fueron creadas por Hirsch/ Bender
de Los Angeles.

.'" ,- --

.. _
.-^^r* .i..-,ll ,
-_L .-~ !. ":,:',

Transito rumbo al norte Foto por R. "Lucky" Dunlap
Cielos despejados dan la bienvenida al buque "Great Rivers Explorer" durante un trdnsito reciente por las
Esclusas de Gatdn.
Esclusas de Gatfin.

*A d-4 oil

Viaje inaugural .. Foto por ArmandoDeGracia
En el primer trdnsito por el Canal de Panamd del lujoso crucero, "Royal
Princess", sus pasajeros observaron de cerca la via acudtica.

Ir Il
"Great River Explorer"

visit puntos turisticos

De todos los barcos que transi-
taron el Canal de Panama el 8 de
diciembre, uno reclam6 much mis
atenci6n cuando cruzaba la ruta
entire dos mares. El Royal Princess,
considerado el crucero mas moder-
no actualmente en serviciodebidoa
las multiples innovaciones en su
disefio, llam6 la atenci6n no s6lode
los aficionados a los cruceros de
lujo, sino tambien de los televi-
dentes. Los fanaticos del "Crucero
del Amor" acudieron en gran nfi-
mero, con la esperanza de divisar al
elenco y a los artists invitados,
entire ellos Lana Turner y Stewart
Granger, durante la filmaci6nde la
Funcionarios de la Comisi6n del
Canal de Panama y representantes
de la Autoridad Portuaria Nacio-
nal (APN) acudieron con el fin de
dar la bienvenida a este nuevo barco
en su primer transito por el Canalde
Panama. Fernando Manfredo, Jr.,
Subadministrador de la Comisi6n
del Canal, y Ra6l Brostella,-Direc-
tor General de la APN, obsequia-
ron sendas places conmemorativas
del event al Capitan John Young,
quien a su vez actu6 en reciprocidad.
Con 787.87 pies de largo y 95.80
pies de manga, el Royal Princess
sera un usuario regular del Canal,
con unos 20 transitos programados
para el afio fiscal 1985. Su primer
transito, por el que pag6 un peajede
$69,000, se efectu6 durante el viaje
de la nave de Miami a su base en el
puerto de Los Angeles. El barco
cruzara el Canal durante la prima-
vera de los tstados Unidos hacia
San Juan, Puerto Rico, y en direc-
ci6n norte a Alaska durante los
meses del verano. Los planes futu-
ros incluyen la posibilidad de hacer
viajes mas largos alrededor del
mundo. Norton, Lilly & Co. es el
agent del barco en el Canal.
El crucero es el buque insignia de

ta de observaci6n, un sal6n, un bar
y un comedor espacioso.
Con tales comodidades, LD6nde
entran el lodo y el sudor? Mas que
probable, en alguna parte de la
jungla del Darien.
El crucero, ya sea que transit
hacia el norte o hacia el sur por el
Canal de PanamA, tambi6n incluye
escalas en Taboga, las Islas de las
Perlas, Portobelo, las Islas de San
Bias y, si la marea esta en su punto,
una aldea de Indios Chocoes
localizada a media hora de viaje en
cayuco hasta el Rio Mogu6 en el
A bordo, el entretenimiento
abarca desde fiestas con ponche de
champafia en el sal6n del barco
hasta carreras de ranas en la
cubierta del puente de mando. En
un ambiente relajado e informal,
los pasajeros tambi6n aprenderan
de un naturalista, que ofrece
conferencias y presentaciones de
diapositivas, sobre la cultural,
historic y fauna silvestre de los
lugares que visitaran durante el
Los pasajes estan disefiados para
atraer a los residents locales y a
turistas que hacen reservaciones
con meses de anticipaci6n e incluye
habitaciones a bordo del barco,
comidas y excursions progra-
madas en tierra. Cualquiera que
desee obtener informaci6n adicio-
nal puede llamar a Margo Tours S.
A., al telffono 64-9796 o escribir a
Exploration Cruise Lines, 1500
Metropolitan Park Building,
Seattle, Wa 98101. El agent de la
nave en el Canal es Panama

Por Susan K. Stabler
"Sudaran y se enlodaran, pero se
darn la gran vida", advierte el
director del crucero que da la
bienvenida a los pasajeros a bordo
del barco el Great Rivers Explorer
al prepararse para una excursi6nde
seis a nueve dias que los Ilevara a
trav6s del Canal de Panama y a
muchos otros pintorescos lugares
en la Reptblica de Panami.
Desde 1982, el Great Rivers
Explorer ha sido un visitante
regular en las aguas de Panama
durante los meses de noviembre a
abril. Efectua various cruceros por
mes, algunos iniciandose en el
sector Pacifico y otros en el sector
AtlAntico, ofreciendo en cada caso
el transito del canal como un punto
principal de interns. Este afio, el
primer crucero comenz6 el 10 de
noviembre en Balboa, y el iltimo
zarpara de Crist6bal el 13 de abril.
El barco de 152 pies, que tiene la
capacidad para 92 pasajeros, es una
de varias naves que administra la
Exploration Cruise Lines locali-
zada en Seattle, Washington. Sin
embargo, es la inica linea que hace
de Panama una parte de su
itinerario annual.
Adornado elegantemente con
azul, la nave blanca de tres niveles
parece un barco de rio de lajungla,
sacado de Disneylandia. Adentro,
los pasajeros tienen la selecci6n de
cuatro classes de camarotes moder-
nos que tienen un preciodeacuerdo
con su ubicaci6n y tamafio, pero en
total, "estan juntos" para todo lo
demas a bordo. Las instalaciones
incluyen cubierta superior ycubier-


Diciembre 21, 1984

Pioina 8

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