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Cuban Exile Newspapers, Exhibit at the University of Miami

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094729/00001
 Material Information
Title: Cuban Exile Newspapers, Exhibit at the University of Miami
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: William E. Brown, Jr. (Richter Library, University of Miami)
Botero, Cecilia
Publisher: UF Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: May 22, 1997
Copyright Date: 1997
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: dLOC Presentation
Genre:
Spatial Coverage:
 Notes
Abstract: Exhibit created in relation to a presentation at the Library of Congress in 1997 and related to the CNIP, Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project. The Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project was a series of demonstration projects, both funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the University of Florida Libraries. These projects occurred as two distinct phases: Phase One: Imaging and Indexing Model. A feasibility studies for imaging and indexing. The imaging study examined the efficacy of digitizing microfilms produced in advance of current preservation microfilming standards. It also examined the use of off-the-shelf microfilm-projection scanning, as well as associated costs, benefits and drawbacks. The indexing study examined indexing procedures, application of controlled terminology, and the costs associated with multi-lingual term assignments by human readers. Phase Two: OCR Gateway to Indexing. A feasibility study on the application of Optical Character Recognition (OCR). In its current state, the Project is undergoing technological renovation, that is migration from CD-ROM to Internet delivery.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00094729:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094729/00001
 Material Information
Title: Cuban Exile Newspapers, Exhibit at the University of Miami
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: William E. Brown, Jr. (Richter Library, University of Miami)
Botero, Cecilia
Publisher: UF Libraries
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: May 22, 1997
Copyright Date: 1997
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: dLOC Presentation
Genre:
Spatial Coverage:
 Notes
Abstract: Exhibit created in relation to a presentation at the Library of Congress in 1997 and related to the CNIP, Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project. The Caribbean Newspaper Imaging Project was a series of demonstration projects, both funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the University of Florida Libraries. These projects occurred as two distinct phases: Phase One: Imaging and Indexing Model. A feasibility studies for imaging and indexing. The imaging study examined the efficacy of digitizing microfilms produced in advance of current preservation microfilming standards. It also examined the use of off-the-shelf microfilm-projection scanning, as well as associated costs, benefits and drawbacks. The indexing study examined indexing procedures, application of controlled terminology, and the costs associated with multi-lingual term assignments by human readers. Phase Two: OCR Gateway to Indexing. A feasibility study on the application of Optical Character Recognition (OCR). In its current state, the Project is undergoing technological renovation, that is migration from CD-ROM to Internet delivery.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00094729:00001


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Cuban Exile Newspapers at the University of Miami

An exhibit based upon the presentation by William E. Brown, Jr. (Richter Library, University
of Miami) and Cecilia E. Botero (Smathers Library, University of Florida) delivered at the
Library of Congress on May 22, 1997.


Ric Uiter Librar


Richter Library


I. ROLE AND NATURE OF EXILE LITERATURE

Exile literature attempts to nurture the collective memory and culture of individuals who find themselves
displaced from their native land. Exile literature is usually identified as individual phenomenon, and few
scholarly investigations pursue the phenomena of popular literature within exile communities. To date, there
exists no substantive analysis of the role and impact of newspapers in an exile community. The University of
Miami Library, with its extensive collection of Cuban exile newspapers, offers researchers more than two
hundred such titles. With the generous support of the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) through
the U.S. Newspaper Program (USNP), the University of Miami is working with the University of Florida on a
multi-year project to catalog and microfilm these rare newspapers.


Keeping alive the collective memory of the homeland is difficult for an
individual in exile because of language and distance, as well as other
factors. Individual authors living in exile often find themselves facing an
unfamiliar language, vastly different traditions, and limited economic
opportunity. For the most part, exile authors have to contend with an
entirely new culture. Consequently, many exile authors and writers live
in great isolation and find it difficult to garner an audience for their
work.

Latin American and Caribbean region exiles may face a positive
experience, if for no other reason than the similarity in languages
among the many nations. This situation allows writers to continue their
literary careers. Authors can maintain their culture and memories of
homeland while at the same time sharing these sentiments with a
local, regional, or world-wide audience.


El Avance Patria
Criollo






El Matancero La Nacion
Libre


The Cuban exile experience, now one of almost forty years, offers different experiences for individuals. Factors
such as age, family life, levels of education, economic opportunity, and many other factors influence the
particular experience of each Cuban exile. The experiences of the first generation of Cuban exiles in the 1960s
are significantly than those faced by exiles of subsequent years. The large and growing population of Cuban
exiles in greater Miami has created a unique dynamic and greatly affected the possibilities and opportunities for
preserving Cuban culture and history.


El Nuevo
Patria




--Replica










II. ROLE AND NATURE OF NEWSPAPER LITERATURE


Newspapers are a primary source of research in understanding the
culture and ideas of a given community within a historical context.
The local press reports the history of the community, day by day, or
week by week. Generations have grown up with significant portions
of their knowledge derived from, reinforced by, or contradicted in
newspapers. Community newspapers, particularly those which reach
an interested and involved audience, are in a position to not only
reflect the culture of the day, but to ensure its continuity.




III. THE ROLE OF EXILE NEWSPAPERS

Exile newspapers, although not independently discussed in the
research on the broader topic of exile literature, have many of the
same characteristics and profound role in the life of an exile


Iiariel Lxodo LI 1-uturo






El Mundo 20 de Mayo Centinela de
la Libertad






Abdala Atenas Giron


community. In fact, exile newspapers serve a dual purpose in the
community. Like exile literature, they serve to preserve the sense of culture and history of a community. Unlike
exile literature that is usually directed at and read by a small elite audience, newspapers have the advantage of
reaching a much larger audience. In this aspect they are invaluable in preserving and continuing a sense of
identity and community among exiled brethren.


Although Cuban exiles are now firmly assimilated in South Florida life,
these exiles have maintained their customs, traditions, and more
importantly, their language. Evidence of this are the numerous
Spanish-language newspapers, publications, radio stations, and
television stations operating in the region.

The Cuban exile newspaper collection at the Universitry of Miami is
an excellent example of the role these important materials have in
keeping a sense of shared community and culture within the exile
population. In addition, this collection serves to preserve and
communicate to future generations the history of Cuba and the exile
experience. The great variety of exiled newspapers enhances their
importance in maintaining the sense of community identity, as well as
continuing the ties with the homeland. The newspapers published by
professional societies (lawyers, doctors, et. al.) are a prime example
of this category. These papers strive to maintain the professional ties
that existed in Cuba and facilitate the integration of new exiled
professionals.


IV. CUBANS IN MIAMI


4--




Miami Extra




A
nfu


Villablanca







Accion
Masonica


Palm Beach El Sol de
Latino Hialeah






La Voz La Voz
Catolica de Cayo
Hueso y
E Los Cavos


Prensa
Medica










The historical ties between Florida and Cuba are longstanding, as are
the ties between the University of Miami and Cuba. The 1960 s
brought a great influx of Cuban exiles to South Florida as a result of the
Cuban Revolution. Initially the exiled Cuban community and their
American hosts thought that their stay in the United States would be a
limited one. The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion and subsequent Catalogo de Linden Lane Zig-Zag
developments in Cuba changed this perception. For this reason we see Letras Magazine Libre
an increase in the number of exiled newspapers published after 1965.
The Cuban exiles felt an increased urgency to maintain the sense of community and to keep the struggle alive.
There is a flurry of newspaper publishing during the 1970s and 1980s. The 1990s have seen the further
integration of the Cubans into US society particularly the younger generation of Cuban-Americans. This ongoing
integration process has led to a decrease in the number of newly created exiled newspapers being published.

V. CONCLUSION

As the years in exile progress and new generations (whose ties to the homeland are simply a family memory)
increase, the historical value of exiled newspapers becomes increasingly significant. Although Cuban exiles have
been extremely successful in maintaining their cultural identity, the emerging generation, born and raised in the
United States, has successfully integrated into American society. It is for this group and future Cuban-Americans
that these exiled newspapers play a meaningful role in the development of a national identity. The Cuban exile
newspaper collection allows individuals to examine and understand their history and to preserve their culture.

VI. CARIBBEAN NEWSPAPER IMAGING PROJECT

The University of Florida is currently engaged in a newspaper scanning and indexing project funded by the
Mellon Foundation. Two Caribbean newspapers were chosen for the project, one Haitian: Le Nouvelliste; and
one Cuban: El Diario de la Marina.

El Diario de la Marina is one of the oldest Cuban newspapers and has continued as an exile
newspaper with its publication in Miami. The project focuses on the 14 years between 1947 and
1961, concentrating on the events leading to the Cuban Revolution and immediately
afterwards. The project consists of scanning the newspaper images, creating an index with
selective abstracts, and producing a CD-ROM product. [2009 Update: Full page images and full
text for El Diario de la Marina is available online in the Digital Library of the Caribbean.] The 7 Dias del
criteria for the abstracts is based on the social, economic, and political events that led to the Diario de la
Cuban Revolution. Librarians established a list of controlled keywords to further enhance Marina en
searching capabilities. Abstracts are available in Spanish and English. They are created by el Exilio
graduate students with backgrounds in Latin American Studies. The task of producing and
translating the abstracts is an extremely labor intensive effort and would not be possible without this graduate
student support.


Richter Library


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LOPIDA
Ge-ot Se A. Smathers Libraries
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