15TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF THE
FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH-EXTENSION
29 NOVEMBER 4 DECEMBER 1998
PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA
A"Rural livelihoods, empowerment and the environment:
Going beyond the farm boundary"
Association for Farming Systems Research Extension
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15TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF THE ASSOCIATION
FOR FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH-EXTENSION (AFSR-E)
The South African Association for
Farming Systems Research is proud
to host the 1998 AFSR-E
Symposium in Pretoria, South
Africa, from 29 November to
3 December 1998. A country of
extraordinary history, South Africa
offers its visitors and conference
delegates a host of scenic attrac-
tions, incredible wildlife and a
diversity of ethnic groups, cultures,
creeds and languages.
Over 70 international airlines, inclu-
ding South African Airways, link the
country with the rest of the world,
with daily or weekly flights from
most major cities around the globe.
All major airlines fly into
Johannesburg 3 times a week or
more, making South Africa one of
the most accessible destinations in
the Southern Hemisphere.
The Symposium will be held in
early summer, with Pretoria general-
ly experiencing warm days, with
short summer showers and balmy
evenings. Average temperatures
range from 14-25 degrees centi-
grade. Situated some 50 km north of
Johannesburg, Pretoria is renowned
for its sedate pace, beautiful gardens
and open spaces. The Symposium
will be held on the campus of the
University of Pretoria, with a variety
of accommodation at nearby hotels.
T M I URAi I LIEI S E
O I N I T HE FARM BUNDARY
Environment is interpreted very broadly to include phys-
ical, biological, social, economic, and institutional
dimensions within which a farming community lives and
operates. This calls for process-based research in sus-
tainable agricultural development, integrating social,
economic, and ecological perspectives. The theme
addresses some very fundamental questions which need
in-depth analysis and debate:
* How do concepts such as sustainable agriculture,
sustainable development, participation, empower-
ment, accountability, indigenous knowledge, poverty
alleviation and environmental conservation affect the
Farming Systems Approach (FSA) practitioners and
the global farming community at large? To what
extent does FSA facilitate achievement of some of
those ideas? To what extent can some of those con-
cepts guide FSA?
* How does global change in society, markets, trading
blocks, and the economy affect the small scale farm-
ing family? What can FSA practitioners do to make
their work more relevant in light of that?
* Who is polluting and degrading what? Is it the poor?
The weak? The rich? The powerful? How can FSA
respond appropriately so that the global environment
will sustain agriculture in the future?
The symposium will address these issues from a global
and regional perspective. The approach is to try to weave
together an understanding of the social, economic and
natural resource aspects of farming systems and the
environment. Socially, democratisation and privatization
are having major effects on the very fabric of society. In
spite of talk of empowerment of women and the poor,
economic growth is often achieved at greater cost to the
marginalised in society. Natural resources are increas-
ingly under pressure due to population growth and
The Farming Systems Approach to Research, Extension
and Development arose out of the recognition that disci-
pline-specific research and sustainable development has
little impact if it does not start by understanding the
farmer's perspective, and by engaging the farmers where
they are, with their constraints and multiple goals and
farming objectives. A host of methodological techniques
of understanding systems, encouraging participation,
facilitating on-farm development, measuring multiple
variables and developing solutions based on the farmer's
analysis have been developed around the shifting scien-
tific paradigm. It is now broadly accepted that rural com-
munity organizations can play a crucial role in address-
ing some of the farm level constraints hindering tech-
nology adoption. The farming systems research and
development practitioners are expected to address a
range of issues including poverty alleviation, food secu-
rity, efficiency, environmental considerations, etc.
1. ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND FARMING SYSTEMS
1.1 The changing role of researchers and extensionists in development and in the dissemination of knowledge and technologies
The paradigm shift from teacher/transferor of knowledge to group convenor and facilitator for agricultural/livelihood development,
requires considerable changes in the roles of researcher and extensionist in activities such as on-farm research, seed bulking, improved
breed production, development of materials for dissemination and dissemination itself.
1.2 Integration of micro- strategies with macro-economic factors
The interaction of farm-level, eco-regional, institutional and global factors with resource management, farm production systems, dis-
semination, training support systems, NGO linkages and marketing have profound consequences on rural development policy.
2. SHORT TERM FARMER SURVIVAL VS LONG TERM SUSTAINABILITY
2.1 Reciprocity and exchange
Policies and FSR initiatives are meant to generate adjustments in the "farming system". Farmers responses to these initiatives can only be
understood within the exchange relationships they are involved in. For example, fully commercialised farms will probably come close to
the expected behaviour. Less commercialised farms will show other responses. Differentiated demand will be a possible outcome which
FSR-E needs to respond to.
2.2 Heterogeneity and multiple realities
Livelihood strategies are as diverse as the agricultural practices of people. Rural actors are always trying to create more room for them-
selves to manoeuvre. Distancing themselves from mainstream markets is a tendency. Opening up alternative marketing opportunities, or
even segmented markets through self selection happens during the process. What role is there for FSR-E?
3. CAPACITY BUILDING: EMPOWERMENT THROUGH BUILDING CAPACITY
3.1 Meeting the challenges of empowerment, the environment and changing strategies for agricultural research and extension
The relevance and roles of FSR-E for the next century in meeting these challenges within the rapid transformation of the rural-urban fab-
ric is in question. Can FSR-E contribute?
3.2 Training in FSR-E and participatory techniques: tips, tricks, techniques and materials
Sharing of approaches and materials to training scientists, extensionist and farmers in FSR-E and participation activities.
4. THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND FARMING SYSTEMS
4.1 Demand-driven research and development
Who pays? What is cost effective?
4.2 Government regulations: incentives or constraints?
Farmers are affected by all kinds of regulations. Some of these may be helpful, others are restrictive. These rules do not have to be in line
with government policies. Where policies are of a general nature regulations are more specific and of an institutional nature. The effects of
these regulations on the choice of activity, productivity, income and the environment in both developed and developing countries needs debate.
4.3 Contributions of gender studies to increased efficiency and equity in research and knowledge dissemination
Many instances of gender inequalities in technology development and dissemination have been recorded. How have these been addressed
and what has been the outcome of efforts to change approaches, particularly in research and knowledge dissemination?
5. METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
5.1 ihlth,.li'. on local rural knowledge
Indigenous technical knowledge (I T K) relevant and useful for agricultural practices has been recognized for some time and extensively
catalogued. A sub-group of ITK is farmers' adaptations of, and additions to researcher developed technologies.
5.2 Working with fanner groups- experiences, benefits, problems
As participation with farmers in agricultural research development becomes more collaborative/collegiate, FSR-E practitioners are
increasingly working with groups. Those groups may be initially established by other facilitators, the members themselves, or even by
5.3 Cost effectiveness of FSR&D
The FS approach to research and development was developed to improve the impact of research on small scale farm households. Some
argue that it is costly. The FS approach can be made more cost-effective by improving its impact through increased client-orientation (e.g.
through contract research) and reduced research costs (e.g. cheaper research methods such as on-farm type trials and PRA) and improved
research planning (such as zoning, typology and bottom-up research planning).
5.4 Production of knowledge and exchange
How and in what context is knowledge produced and through what channels and social relationships is knowledge exchanged. This pro-
vides the possibility to open up the black box of knowledge and relate it to power relation in communities and within FSR-E context where
practitioners and farmers meet. It may also open up the door to understanding local knowledge and evaluation and ways to incorporate
local knowledge into research and development, and into FSR-E in particular.
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS : AFSR-E SYMPOSIUM 1998
SOUTH AFRICA 30 NOVEMBER TO 3 DECEMBER 1998
ABSTRACT Title and Name
Tel: (country code, city, number)
Fax: (country code, city, number)
Submitted paper Poster presentation F-- Language preference
The main language of the Symposium will be English. If sufficient papers are received in either Spanish or French, simultaneous
translation services will be made available for the Plenary Sessions and some of the Concurrent Sessions. Abstracts must please be
submitted in English.
DIRECTIONS FOR TYPING YOUR ABSTRACT
1. Type your abstract in the block provided below.
2. Title and authors. Start flush left and below the top line. List the authors with their initials first. Capitalise first letter of surname(s). If more
than one author, add an (*) directly after the surname of the person presenting the paper. Institutions) follow authors) name flush left in the
second line in order of the authors listed. Indicate where Institution(s) are situated e.g. SACCAR, Gabarone, Botswana. Flush left in the third
line provide mailing address where a copy of the paper may be requested, e.g. DR & SS, PO Box 8117, Causeway, Harare, ZIMBABWE.
3. Leave a blank line between title line and text. Type text as one paragraph. Type abstract using single line spacing. The abstract should not
exceed 250 words.
4. Abstracts must be returned to the Symposium Secretariat by no later than Wednesday 31 December 1997.
Acceptances of papers based on abstracts submitted by this date, will be confirmed by Friday 27 February 1998
and the final date for submission of papers is scheduled for Friday 29 May 1998.
Please forward your abstract to:
AFSR-E Symposium '98, P 0 Box 411177, Craighall 2024, SOUTH AFRICA
Int. fax: +27 (0)11 442 6111 Int. tel +27 (0)11 442 5927 e-mail: email@example.com
SAbstracts must be returned to the above by no later than 31 December 1997
15TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM OF THE ASSOCIATION
FOR FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH-EXTENSION
SOUTH AFRICA: 30 NOVEMBER 3 DECEMBER 1998
POSTAL ADDRESS: --------------------
TEL: COUNTRY CODE: --- NO: ---------------
FAX: COUNTRY CODE: -----_----- NO: --------------
E-MAIL: -----------------------_ Yes No
1. I am planning to attend the 15th International Symposium of AFSR-E [
2. I am planning to present a paper / poster paper O
My paper will fall under the sub theme: (See abstract form enclosed / attached) poster I
3. I would prefer to present my paper in English, French, Spanish-----------------------
4. I require further information I
5. I would be interested in co-ordinating a workshop on the following sub theme:
6. I am interested in participating in Technical Tours: Tour 1 A]
Comments:-------------------------------------- Tour 2 LI
------------------- Tour 3 L]
-------- Tour 4 ]
7. I would be interested in Hotel accommodation: Hotel 1 ] A nI
Comments:----------------------------------- Hotel 2 ) LI
---------------- --- -- Hotel 3 [L 0
------------------------- Hotel4 4 ]
--------------------------Hotel 5 L -
8. Accompanying person -
You will receive further information on accommodation arrangements, pre- and post conference tours, detailed programmes,
etc. in due course. Please mark this event on your calendar. If you are planning to present a paper or planning to attend the
conference, please complete the attached questionnaire and mail it to:
AFSR-E Symposium '98, P O Box 411177, Craighall, Johannesburg, 2024, South Africa
Tel: +27 11 442 6111 Fax: +27 11 442 5927 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstracts must be returned to the above by no later than 01 December 1997
A series of invited and contributed papers will form the basis for discussion at the meeting and will be pro-
duced and circulated in advance. These papers will be considered for a special issue of a journal
(Agroforestry Systems or an equivalent) which will be produced simultaneously with the meeting (normal
peer review will operate and papers not accepted for publication will still be available at the meeting even
if not in the journal issue). This imposes a fairly strict timetable leading up to the event (shown below).
invited speakers identified and approached; call for voluntary papers
abstracts of all papers received for consideration
final set of invited and voluntary papers agreed full papers invited
full papers received
full papers reviewed and those for publication identified modifications by
authors sought as necessary
papers for publication submitted to publishers
publication produced simultaneously with meeting
Mike Arnold, UK
Pippa Bird, Department For International Development, UK
Louise Buck, Cornell University, USA
Sam Fujisaka, Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Colombia
Chris Garforth, Reading University, UK
Fergus Sinclair, University of Wales Bangor, UK
If you are interested in contributing a voluntary paper for the joint IUFRO/AFSR-E meeting or want more
information about it, please contact:
Dr Fergus L. Sinclair
School of Agricultural and Forest Sciences
University of Wales
Gwynedd LL57 2UW
tel +44 1248 382459; fax +44 1248 382832; e-mail email@example.com
IUFRO ANNOUNCEMENT AND CALL FOR VOLUNTARY PAPERS
Process-based research in sustainable agricultural development: integrating social,
economic and ecological perspectives
Rationale for a joint meeting
Agroforestry embraces an interdisciplinary systems-based approach, but agroforestry networks and meet-
ings tend to stem from either a forest, as in the case of IUFRO (International Union of Forestry Research
Organizations), or an agricultural tradition (both the European and US agronomy societies had agro-
forestry themes in their meetings in 1996) and the social dimension has tended to be further fragmented
in forestry terms in what appears to be an almost separate activity variously labelled 'social', 'communi-
ty', 'participatory' or 'rural development' forestry. Agroforestry has become increasingly prominent in
AFSR-E (Association of Farming Systems Research and Extension) meetings often under the guise of
'integrated systems'. The AFSR-E represents an effective integrated network involving natural, economic
and social scientists working in agricultural development while the IUFRO agroforestry group represents
an effective network of people, mainly from a forestry background, working on the role of trees in agricul-
tural systems. A joint meeting should, therefore, bring together tree, agricultural and social perspectives.
At the 20th IUFRO World Congress in July 1995, Pedro Sanchez, the Director of ICRAF, put out a chal-
lenge in his keynote paper on science in agroforestry. He suggested that while process-based research
in the natural sciences was leading to the development of principles that could be applied in agroforestry
practice, similar progress had not yet been made in process-based research in the social sciences to
understand what controls adoption of sustainable practices. He further identified this as a constraint to the
development of appropriate policy frameworks to enable the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices
by farmers. Discussion since then has revealed that it remains unclear what process-based research in
the social sciences might consist of and how much has already been done. It has also been suggested
that the integration of social perspectives with those in ecological and economic disciplines is required
rather than considering the social dimension in isolation. Sanchez' s basic assertion has also been chal-
lenged by some, who believe that farmer strategies and motivation are well understood but that con-
straints, certainly with respect to the integration of trees in agricultural systems, are imposed by the lack
of reliable prediction of effects of trees on yields and resource conservation. Process-based research in
sustainable agricultural development: integrating social, economic and ecological perspectives is an
appropriate theme for the 15th International AFSR-E Symposium which will focus on the farming systems
approach and the environment with 'environment' defined in very broad terms to encompass the bio-
physical and socio-economic milieu.
The joint IUFRO/AFSR-E meeting forms a theme within the AFSR-E symposium with a number of satel-
lite sessions running during the meeting reporting to plenary sessions.
The theme will involve a core group of people who elect to attend the joint sessions, breaking up into
smaller discussion groups where appropriate, reporting outputs to and obtaining feedback from larger ple-
nary sessions of the symposium (for which there are likely to be hundreds of participants).
Message from: Mrs. Bongiwe Njobe-Mbuli,
the Director General Agriculture, South Africa
The National Department of Agriculture is pleased to declare its support for the initiative in
organising the 15th International Symposium of the Association for Farming Systems Research
The holding of this event on the continent presents an opportunity for active participation in the
meeting as well as the pre and post symposium activities of fellow Africans, in a meaningful way.
Furthermore, as we move towards the new millennium the experiences of the South African
agricultural transformation process will be visible for all the delegates to see given the fact that
against many odds, to date, significant progress has already been made.
The conceptual basis for FSRE has a logic to it that embraces the concerns for efficient and
effective service delivery to farmers and sustainable utilisation of natural, human and
technological agricultural resources. Central to its successful implementation is the need for a
paradigm shift in the minds of policy makers, stake holders and all role players in the agricultural
sector. Developing and developed agricultural systems world-wide have recognized this and in a
range of ways are making efforts towards changed approaches to agriculture.
This however, is not an easy feat. The threat of hunger in the world and specifically within the
Southern African region requires of us to creatively apply principles of FSRE in order to enable
the food security challenges to be met. The reality of the times necessitates decisive action and less
talking on the concept of FSRE.
It is my belief that there is already a rich experience in implementing FSRE on the continent and it
is my hope that the focus of the upcoming symposium will be on sharing, analysing and learning
from our experiences.
It is with that in mind that we, as a National Department wish to encourage practitioners, policy
makers and other stakeholders to attend the meeting, use the opportunity to visit the agricultural
and other points of interest in our country and share in the spirit of our African Renaissance.
The Department of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology and The Foundation for
Research Development are both major supporters of the Symposium.
Their logos were inadvertently not printed. The Symposium Organiser wish to recognize the
institutional support they have given so far and apologise for the oversight. The matter will
be set right in the next communication.
The Foundation for Research Development
Department of Arts, Culture,
Science and Technology
The Symposium Committee are negotiating exceptionally Note: prices are estimated for November/December 1998,
good accommodation rates at a variety of hotels. and may be subject to adjustment in the final registration
For your budgeting purposes, the following categories will brochure. Rates are per night and include VAT @ 14%.
1. TOWN LODGE $28/ R130,00 sharing, per person
$50/ R233,00 single
2. BEST WESTERN $30/ R140,00 sharing, per person
$51/ R240,00 single
3. HOLIDAY INN GARDEN COURT HATFIELD $46 / R214,00 sharing, per person
$69 / R324,00 single
4. HOLIDAY INN CROWNE PLAZA, PRETORIA $57 / R268,00 sharing, per person
$97 / R454,00 single
5. Hostel accommodation is being negotiated Prices on request
I l P TO UR
Four unique and well researched technical tours will be offered to delegates to AFSR-E. Each tour will be accompanied by both
a technical guide as well as an experienced Tourist guide, ensuring that both delegates and accompanying partners benefit from
all aspects of the tour content. Tours will be planned as pre-conference tours, to avoid the peak holiday season and high season
TOUR 1 SOUTHERN AFRICA 3 COUNTRIES TOUR (10 days)
NGO community development in Swartruggens, South Africa. Meet Memorie, a community leader, and rural facilitator. Visit
to OFCOR, as part of Botswana's TDT programme in Maun. Travel via Victoria Falls to Bulawayo in Zimbabwe, visiting small-
holders en route. Return to South Africa, stopping to visit the Venda Mango Growers Association before arrival in Pretoria.
TOUR 2 -WESTERN CAPE FLOWER, FRUIT & WINE TOUR (5 days)
The Centre for Integrated Rural Development has a primary role of animator and facilitator. The Centre works with the
Agricultural Research Council and smallholder farmers on the production and market development of indigenous teas such as
rooibos tea (marketed internationally) and honeybush tea, as well as protea and heather production for flower markets. Then fol-
low the history of the first wine growers from the first Dutch and French Huguenot settlers, visiting leading wine estates
renowned internationally. A visit to a farm equity scheme where farm workers have purchased shares in a large export fruit
estate. This is a model for land distribution.
TOUR 3 KWA ZULU NATAL TOUR (5 days)
Community participation in integrated resource management in the Umlazi River catchment, the feeder river to the Durban
metropolis. Partnerships between small cane growers and international mill groups and the S.A. Sugar Association's Cane
Growers Association, is a model for technology development and transfer.
TOUR 4 MPUMALANGA / SWAZI TOUR (5 days)
A partnership between the Lowveld Co-operative and six small emerging co-operatives is providing services to emerging farm-
ers in Nkomasi on the Swazi/Mozambique border of South Africa. The tour will include Farming Systems Research Programme
in the Nkomasi and White River areas of the province.
GENERAL TOUR OPTIONS:
A number of excellent tour options will be made available to delegates who wish to explore the country prior to or after the
event. Tours will include the famous Kruger National Park, a visit to a luxury Private Game Reserve, a Blue Train/Cape Town
tour, a Victoria Falls excursion and a Garden Route coach tour from Port Elizabeth to Cape Town. A travel desk will be fully
operational throughout the Conference, and the Conference Secretariat will provide visitors with every assistance in planning
tailor-made visits to Southern Africa.
Message from Dr. P. Anandajayasekeram, President of the Association for Farming
Systems Research-Extension: AFSR-E
Greetings from the Southern Cone
of Africa. I am pleased to inform
you that arrangements for the 15th
International Symposium of the
Association for Farming Systems
Research-Extension is progressing
well and is reflected in this second
announcement. It is particularly
encouraging to note that several
public, private, civil and non gov-
ernmental organizations are enthusi-
astically supporting this venture.
I hope that you will agree with me
that it is the responsibility of every
member of the association and all
those interested in the twin chal-
lenges of sustainable rural liveli-
hood, and the environment to see
that this symposium is a successful
one. So please mark the dates in
your calendar and make sure you not
only attend the symposium but also
contribute in the various sessions
actively. We expect a large participa-
tion in this symposium.
Message from Dr. T. Benuzeh, the President of the African Association for Farming Systems
Research, Extension and Training: AAFSR-ET
The diversity of African agriculture
also has risen, over time, to a wide
variety of human activities which
seek to exploit regional specificities
to assure food security and sufficien-
cy. As a result, contrasting systems
involving shifting cultivation, inten-
sive agriculture, organic fertilizer,
intercropping, mixed farming, hill-
side, wetland and dry plains culti-
vation, water harvesting and irriga-
tion, soil and forest conservation and
nomadic and transhumance pas-
torals, are an established part of tra-
ditional production systems.
The challenge facing developing
countries relates to how best to
achieve overall growth and reduc-
tion in the level of poverty while
maintaining the ecological integrity
of the resource base. The key to
meeting this challenge in a process
of rapid agricultural growth, which
through intersectoral linkages in
consumption and production, leads
to expansion of employment and
reduction in poverty. For this
process to be successful, the magni-
tude and pattern of agricultural pro-
duction must improve, natural
resources must be managed better,
environmental information and the
awareness and participation of rural
people in environmental matters
must be improved and last but not
least, population growth must be
slowed. Meeting these challenges
will require a number of new orien-
tations away from the old practice of
treating each issue or sector sepa-
rately and towards dealing with this
issues of poverty, food insecurity
and environmental degradation, in a
holistic way, an approach of FSR-E.
The decision to organise the 15th
AFSR-E Symposium in Africa was
taken during the 13th Symposium
that took place in Montpellier,
France. AAFSRET fully supported
SAAFSRE to undertake the formi-
dable challenge for organising this
important Symposium in Africa.
Furthermore, the AFSR-E Inter-
national Symposium being held on
the eve of the 21st century in Africa
is timely, by providing a rare oppor-
tunity for world wide scientific
attention to Africa; in addressing
the technical, socio-economical,
environmental issues and con-
straints; for developing appropriate
farming systems; for attaining food
security; for reducing poverty,
- within the framework of ecologi-
cally sustainable development.
Let us put all our efforts together
towards a very successful AFSR-E
Symposium in Africa.
ECOLOGICALLY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND FARMING SYSTEMS
The changing role of researchers and extensionists in development, and in the dissemination of knowledge and
Integration of micro (specific) strategies with macro -economic/social/political and ecological factors.
SHORT TERM FARMER SURVIVAL VS LONG TERM SUSTAINABILITY
Reciprocity and exchange; farmers responses and initiatives within this exchange relationship.
Heterogeneity and multiple realities of rural livelihood strategies and farming practice.
EMPOWERMENT THROUGH CAPACITY BUILDING
Training in FSR-E and other participatory techniques: tips, tricks, techniques, and materials.
Empowerment of personnel and organizations to meet the challenges of changing strategies for agricultural research
THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND FARMING SYSTEMS
Demand-driven research and development.
Government regulations: incentives or constraints?
Contributions of gender studies to increased efficiency and equity in research and knowledge generation.
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Building on local rural knowledge.
Working with farmer groups experiences, benefits, problems.
Cost effectiveness of farming systems approaches to research and development.
The context for the production of knowledge and the channels for its exchange.
The main language of the Symposium will be English. If sufficient papers are received in either Spanish or French, simultane-
ous translation services will be made available for the Plenary Sessions and some of the Concurrent Sessions.
I*E PROVIIONALPROG AMMEATAGLAN
Sunday 29 November
Monday 30 November
Tuesday 1 December
Set up Posters & Exhibition
Exhibition set up
Plenary Session & Keynote Address
Wednesday 2 December
Thursday 3 December
Friday 4 December
AFSR-E Symposium Party
Open Meetings, Round tables
AFSR-E Plenary Sessions
AFSR-E Board Meeting
Message from: Dr. L.P. Gakale, Director of Agricultural Research, Botswana and Chairman,
Board of the Southern African Centre for Co-ordination of Research and Training: SACCAR
Those of us who have been associat-
ed with agricultural research
through our entire professional lives
are rather frustrated that the good
work we do in our research stations,
and the visible achievements in gen-
erating new tech-nologies, new and
superior plant and animal genotypes
on our experiment stations have not
been reflected in our farming sys-
tems in terms of increased agricul-
tural productivity, improvement in
the livelihood of the rural poor as
well as gains in better management
of natural resources.
It is my hope that this symposium
will address these concerns and
devise new approaches and strate-
gies to reorient our research and
extension efforts to address these
global challenges. Time is not on our
side. As human populations continue
to grow despite government efforts
to contain them, there will be more
and more to feed from even reducing
agricultural land, declining fertility
and water resources. Our challenge
is to increase productivity at least at
the same pace as the demand for
food, fibre and shelter to avert a
potential human catastrophe that
may result from unchecked over
exploitation of our natural resources.
"Going beyond the farm boundary"
and embracing issues of local rural
know-ledge, empowerment and the
environ-ment could bring the much
needed new approaches to bring
about a better mix of technology
innovations and indigenous knowl-
edge for the betterment of mankind.
I associate myself with the spirit and
vision of your noble mission and
wish you all the best in your future
Registration fees are as follows, quoted in US Dollars, with an early registration cut off planned for 30 September 1998:
* Paid-up AFSR-E member $300 $350
* Non-member $325 $375
* Student $100 $150
Current Exchange Rate as at September 1997: US $1,00 = R4,70 (South African Rand)
Full registration pack / proceedings
Lunches and tea sessions daily
Welcome Cocktail Party
Shuttles: Hotels University Hotel (nominated hotels only)
African Association of Farming Systems for
Research-Exrension and Training (AAFSRET)
SIarmesa w4 Sida
Farm-level Applied Research Methods in East and Southern Africa
Southern African Association
for Farming Systems
Department of Agrici
University of Pretoria
Designed and produced by the South African Tourism Board Pr;ied by J Ryan Coniiren.,:e shell Nio 12 9: 01