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Group Title: rvey of small farmers in Suwannee and Columbia Counties Summer, 1984
Title: Su rvey of small farmers in Suwannee and Columbia Counties Summer, 1984
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094265/00001
 Material Information
Title: Su rvey of small farmers in Suwannee and Columbia Counties Summer, 1984
Physical Description: 14 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Smith, M. F.
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1984
Copyright Date: 1984
 Subjects
Subject: Farms, Small -- Florida -- Suwannee County   ( lcsh )
Farms, Small -- Florida -- Columbia County   ( lcsh )
Agricultural surveys -- Florida -- Suwannee County   ( lcsh )
Agricultural surveys -- Florida -- Columbia County   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States of America -- Florida -- Suwannee
United States of America -- Florida -- Columbia
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: M.F. Smith.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094265
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 226318521

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SURVEY OF SMALL FARMERS IN
SUWANNEE AND COLUMBIA COUNTIES
SUMMER, 1984

/1/ H ^^





I am working for the County Extension offices in Suwannee and Columbia Counties which is a part
of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University of Florida.

We are interested in developing and testing crops and production practices for use by farmers in
Suwannee and Columbia Counties. Some have already been tested here. Id like to ask you some
questions to see if you've heard about or are trying them, what other areas you think we need to be
working in, and some general questions about your farm and your farming practices.

These data will be used to further the research and development of practices tailored to and
specifically for farmers in this north Florida area.

All answers provided by farmers will be grouped together to give county results. Your name will
never be associated with any answers you give. Also, you do not have to answer any question if you
don't want to. Just tell me and Fl go on to the next question.


Is it ok? This will take about (hours/minutes)
1 YES (If YES: Proceed to Question 1.)
2 NO If NO: Thank you very much. Here's a sheet with names and addresses of persons
to call if you have questions about farming problems or needs. Call if we
can help.


A. Do you grow winter grains, for example, wheat, oats, rye, or triticale?
1 YES (Proceed with questions)
2 NO (Go to Question B, page 3)


A.L Do you grow wheat? 1 YES 2 NO (If NO: Proceed to Question A.2. page 2)
If YES: a. When was the last year you planted wheat? Year:

About How Many
Variety Planted Date Did You Bushels Per Acre Did
(Circle Number) Acreage Planted Apply Sulfur? You Harvest?
Month Day YES NO
1 FL 301 1 2
2 Coker 797 1 2
3 Coker 762 1 2
4 Other: 1 2


b. What did you use it for? 1 Sell 2 Feed 3 Both




e. Did you graze it in the winter? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: -When did you start grazing? Month: Day:

-How long did you graze? Weeks:

-What animals did you graze? 1 Brood Cows 2 Yearlings

-Did you add fertilizer after the grazing?

1 YES If YES: What did you add? Fertilizer:

2 NO Amount/Acre:


d. Tell me about the first year you grew wheat: Year:
Variety: Acreage:


A.2. Do you grow oats? 1 YES 2 NO


(If NO: Go to Question A.3.)


If YES: a. When was the last year you planted oats? Year:


Variety Planted About How Much
(Circle Number) Acreage Did You Harvest?
GRAIN HAY

Bu/Ac Ton/Ac

1 FL 501

2 FL 502

3 Coker 227

4 Other:


b. Did you graze it in the winter?


1 YES 2 NO


If YES: -When did you start grazing? Month: Day:

-How long did you graze? Weeks:

-What animals did you graze? 1 Brood Cows 2 Yearlings

-Did you add fertilizer after grazing?

1 YES If YES: What did you add?

2 NO Fertilizer:
Amount:





A.3. Do you grow rye?


1 YES
2 NO


ff YES 1.
2.
3.
4.


Last year you grew rye:
Variety grown:
Acreage:
Yield, if cut for seed:


B. Have you ever heard of triticale?
Comments


1 YES 2 NO


If YES: Do you grow tritieale? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: When was your last growing season? year number of acres?


C. Have you ever heard of perennial peanut? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: Where did you hear about it?

Comment:


D. Do you grow corn? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: When was your last crop? year and:


Acreage?


Yield:
Bushels/Acre


If Not Yet
Harvested-
Estimate Bu/Ac


(NOTE: If interviewee does not mention tropical aorn or Pioneer 304C or Aagrow 670 or
Aagrow 667, ask)


Have you heard about tropical corn?
Comments:

If YES: Have you considered gr

Comments:

If YES Do you intend to? ]

If NO Why not?


1 YES 2 NO


owing it?


1 YES 2 NO


LYES 2 NO


E. Do you grow soybeans? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: a. When did you plant your last crop? Year_
b. Variety
c. Acreage
d. Yield, Bushels/Acre:


Month Day


Variety?





F. Did you double erp any of your land in the past 12 months?


IfYES:


crop:

crop:

crop:


date:

date:

date:


G. Do you grow peanutd? 1 YES
If YES: Year last planted: _



H. Do you grow tobaeeo? 1 YES
If YES: Year last planted:


2 NO
and Number of acres



2 NO
and Number of acres


L Do you grow any of the fallowing to sel?
1 Fruits: _

2 Nuts:_ ,

3 Ornamentals: ,

4 Vegetables: _


J. Do you irrigate any crops? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: Which crops do you irrigate, and how many acres, and what system do you use?
Crop Acreage Irrigation System


K. How many acres do you have in your farm?


acres


L. Do you rent/lease any of the land in your farming operation? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES How many acres How do you use it?


1 YES 2 NO





M. Of the land you own, apmpomately how many acres are in the following:
Pasture: acres Timber: acres


Crops:


acres


Other:


acres


N. Did you take a sof test in 1983?


1 YES 2 NO


If YES: a. For what crops did you take a soil test?



b. Where did you send the soil sample to get it tested?


c. Did you follow the recommendations for liming?
1 YES 2 NO
Comments:




d. Did you follow the recommendations for fertilizer?
1 YES 2 NO
Comments:





O. Do you apply lime to your fields? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: How often do you apply lime and how much do you apply per acre?
Crop: Frequency: Tons/Acre:
Crop: Frequency: Tons/Acre:



P. Do you produce any of the following animals for home use or to sell?
If for sale, about how many
Home Sell head did you sell in 1983?


Swine

Beef

Chickens


1 2


Goats




Q. Do you keep records of your farming operation? 1 YES 2 NO
If YES: A.1. What type of records do you keep on your crops?





A.2. What type of records on your animals?





A.3. What type on labor/payroll?


B. How
1
2
3


C. Who
1
2
3
4


do you physically keep them? What is your system?
Give everything to accountant
Keep record books
Other:


set up the system?
Accountant
Agency
Family member:
Other:


D. Who records the information?
1 Farmer 2 Spouse


3 Child 4 Accountant


5 Other:


E. For what do you use the records?
1 Filling out tax form
2 Other:


R. Do you have a computer?


1 YES 2 NO


If YES: Do you use it in your farming operation?
1 YES 2 NO
If NO: Do you plan to start using a computer in the next three years?
1 YES 2 NO




LS What is the highest level of formal sdhooling you and your spouse have achieved? (Circle number)
Farmer Spouse
1 Less than high school 1 1
2 Graduated high school 2 2
3 Some vocational/technical training 3 3
4 Some college 4 4
5 Four or more years of college 5 5


T. What was the approximate gross income from your farm operation in 1983? I will name some
categories and you tell me, plee, the one that is nearest to your groa income:


1 Less than $5,000
2 $5,001 to $10,000
3 $10,001 to $15,000


4 $15,001 to $20,000
5 $20,001 to $25,000
6 $25,001 to $30,000


7 $30,001 to $35,000
8 $35,001 to $40,000
9 Over $40,000


U. Was that a typical year for yor farming operation?
1 YES
2 NO If NO: How was it different from previous years?





V. Do any of the dollars that run this farm come from sources other than the farm, for example,
income from outside job and/or money from loans?
1 YES 2 NO


If YES:


1. About how much, for example, 3/4, 1/2, etc. of the total dollars necessary to run
the farm come from sources other than the farm?


2. Is a portion of the outside funds from loans?
1 YES If YES: Who do you borrow money from for your farming
operation?
2 NO 1 PCA
2 Farmers Home Administration
3 Banks
4 Merchants/Dealers
5 Relatives
6 Other private individuals
7 Other:




W. During the past year, did you or members of your family work off the farm?
1 YES
2 NO If YES:
What was the approximate time you worked off the farm?
Approximate number of days (OR time: circle one: All 3/4 -
1/2 1/4)


Same question for
pause: days _(OR time: All 3/4 1/2 1/4)
Other family members:
days: (OR time: All 3/4 1/2 1/4)
Says: (OR time: All 3/4 1/2 1/4)
days: (OR time: All 3/4 1/2 1/4)


X. During the pest year, was any of the labor on your farm done by persons other than family
members? 1 YES 2 NO
Equipment
If YES: a. How much was done by Days/Hours Borrowed/Used

Friends and Neighbors (non paid):

Hired help:


b. What type of work did the nonfamily members do for you?


Friends/neighbors:


Hired help:


Y. How long have you been farming? years.


Z. Are you concerned or worried about your farming operation? 1 YES 2 NO


If YES: What are your concerns and what do you think could or should be done to make things
better?


Needs to be done:


Concern:





AA. What about other farmers in this community or county-what do you see as their major problems
or needs?










BB. Ok 've asked about your concerns, now tell me what you consider to be positive about farming?


1. Why/How did you decide to start farming?


2. What positive things do you and your
family get out of farming?


CC. What are your plans for your farm? What do you see happening in or with it over the next five
years?


Produce or plant

Produce or plant less of

Lease/rent more land

Buy more land

Lease/rent less land

Sell (all, 3/4, 1/2, 1/4) of my land

Other:





DD. If I asked you this same question In terms of what you would like to see happen to your farm, how
would your answer be different?





BE. How many children are in your family
How many are at home?
Number of boys Ages
Number of girls Ages

FF. If farmer has ehRdren ask:

Would you like to see your children farm as a career or as a way to make a living?
1 YES 2 NO
Comments:




GG. If you were in charge of making sure that all the farmers around here knew about the latest
developments or recommendations for farming, what would you do, Le., how would you get the
information to them?






HB. How do you prefer to get information about farming?




L Do you get farm information from listening to the radio and/or watching television?


1 Yes

2 NO


If YES: From what program/station do you get farm information?


Station


Program/Person


Time of
Day/Week


---




JJ. A. Do you receive any of these publatins B. Are they worthwhile or What do you think of
(Circle Number to left of those received.) them?


1 Extension Suwannee Agriculture Talk



2 Suwannee Livestock newsletter



3 Columbia Agriculture Newsletter



4 Columbia Livestock and Forage
Newsletter



5 Suwannee Valley Farming



6 Florida Rancher and Grower magazine



7 The New Farmer magazine



8 The Market Bulletin magazine



9 Progressive Farmer magazine



10 Farm Journal magazine



11 Southeastern Farm Press newspaper



12 Other:




KK. Have you ever heard of IPAST 1 YES 2 NO (If NO: Proceed to question LL, below)
If YES A. Do you know what the letters I-F-A-S stand for?
1 (Gave right answer)
2 (Did not Know)
Comments:




B. Have you contacted or been contacted by anyone at IFAS for farm
information? 1 Yes 2 NO
If YES: a. Where or by whom or-how was the contact?
Persons:



Places: 1 Live Oak Research & Education Center (AREC
Center, Experiment Station)
2 Suwannee Extension Office
3 Columbia Extension Office
4 University of Florida (Gainesville)
5 Other:



b. What did you think of the information you received?



c. Other comments:


LL. Several farmers in Smwannee and Columbia Counties cooperate with IFAS in testing/
demonstrating crops for this area. Have you seen the signs or visited any of these?
1 YES
2 NO (Proceed to Question MM)
If YES:
1. Was one a perennial peanut plot? 1 YES 2 NO


If YES at which farms?

Rose farm in Suwannee County

Beasley farm in Suwannee County

James farm in Columbia County

Lester farm in Columbia County

Nicely farm in Columbia County

Hunter farm in Columbia County


Saw
Sign

1

1

1

1

1

1


Visited

2

2

2

2

2

2


What did you
think of the plot?




2. Was one a tropical orn plot? 1 YES 2 NO
Saw What did you
Sign Visited think of the plot?

If YES at which farms?

Pettigrew farm in Columbia County 1 2

Rentz farm in Columbia County 1 2

Williams farm in Columbia County 1 2

Chamberlin farm in Suwannee
County 1 2

Brannon farm in Suwannee County 1 2

Calhoun farm in Suwannee County 1 2

Jones farm in Suwannee County 1 2


3. Was one a soybean plot? 1 YES 2 NO

If YES: At which farms?

Musgrove farm in Suwannee County 1 2


Owens farm in 1 2


4. Did you see the sign or visit any of the following?

Nematode plot at Daniels farm in
Suwannee County 1 2

Tobacco at Boatright farm
in Suwannee County 1 2

Fence Opener at Suwannee FFA
in Suwannee County 1 2

Wheat grazing at Hunter farm
in Columbia County 1 2

Overseeding at Pettigrew farm in
Columbia County 1 2

Clover trial at Raelts farm in
Columbia County 1 2

Small grains trial at Chamberlin
farm in Suwannee County 1 2

Soybean liming at Chamberlin farta
in Suwannee County 1 2





5. Did you see or visit any other IFAS on-farm trials? If YES where?








MM. Now, are there any questions you have r further thoughts that you have about how IFAS can help
small farmers in this area?





NN. Thanks very much for your time. Here' some information on IFAS and a sheet with names and
addresses of persons to cal if you have questions about farming problems or needs. Call if we
can help.


Race:
Sex:
Estimated Age:




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