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OLD SCH OO LRESEARCH 13Not Just Earthquakes SR C tests the airIts undated, but the photo is on the face of one of those post cards that were so popular for travellers to send back home. It carries the words: CUNARD LINE Sunshine Cruises to the West Indies and South America, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, B.W.I. Queens Royal College, Government secondary school for boys. e photo was taken by Herbert Lanks and it is described as a Mike Roberts Color Production It would be nice to nd out who the young QRC students are, wouldnt it? is reproduction comes from the UWISpace Institutional Repository, one of the newly digitized collections at the Alma Jordan Library at e UWI St Augustine.Read more on Page 11. EDUCATION 04CARPIMS Scholars Win Awards Kicking it in Fiji MEMORIAM 07A Student Remembers Norman Girvan NEW FACULTY 08All the Law you need Deans Vision


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 3 The Law Faculty at St Augustine was launched on April 15, and although it may be located on one campus, its outlook remains steadfastly regional. e new D ean, Professor Rose-Marie Belle Antoine had this to say in terms of her vision. I see the Faculty of L aw, St Augustine as positioning itself as a prime player in advancing a regional developmental agenda, In many ways this C ampus, located in Trinidad and Tobago, is the natural hub of the region, having close links with the OE C S, with Guyana, and with Barbados. In addition, the country and the campus is better placed to strengthen links with Suriname and H aiti, because of the fact that TnT is the geographical home of the CC Jwhich includes Surinamemaking a powerful argument for upgrading our syllabus to elevate our understanding of the civil law tradition to which our CARIC OM sisters, Suriname, H aiti and to some extent, Saint Lucia belongs. e creation of this Faculty in Trinidad and Tobago provides a timely opportunity to enhance our ties with the region, especially our longstanding and deep links with the OE C S, never forgetting that this Faculty remains embedded in the vibrant regional institution that is the UWI. As such, we have a duty to include the wider region in our plans, and we have done so. Many outstanding OE C S citizens have served this country with distinctionin L awI think of the legal giant, Telford Georges, of D ominica who was on the C ourt of Appeal, and later, the Privy C ouncil and of course, our own President of the CC J, the distinguished Sir D ennis Byron, of St Kitts and Nevis. Such distinction is not limited to lawrecall that the Mighty Sparrow, a Grenadianwas honoured this year, with the highest honour of our land. us, the Faculty must use this space to entrench the regionalist agenda and view itself as a truly regional faculty, making concerted eorts to attract students from across the region. It must also, in its research agenda and curriculum development, speak specically to this need.LOCAL, B UT R EGI ON ALEDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RIN C IPA L Professor Clement Sankat DIREC TOR OF M ARKETING AND COMMUNI C ATIONS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill ED ITOR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh C ONTA C T US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 83997 Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu President of the CC J, Sir Dennis Byron receives a copy of Professor Bridget B reretons book, From Imperial College to University of the West Indies: A History of the St Augustine Campus, from the Principal, Professor Clement Sankat aer the unveiling of the plaque marking the launch of the Law Faculty on April 15. PHOTO: GUYTN OTTLEY Our 7th Faculty is here FROM THE P RINCIPAL O n April 15, we commemorated the establishment of the Faculty of L aw at our St Augustine C ampus. For me, it was the realization of a vision rooted in both practical considerations of access and responsiveness and a deep sense of honour and respect for the legal profession in Trinidad and Tobago. Early in my career as Principal, I realized there was an overwhelming need to treat with the demand for places by T&T nationals for the LLB programme. e Faculty of L aw at C ave H ill had served us well, but the typical enrolment of T&T nationals in its LLB programme was 40-50 students. e pool of applicants was more than 1000. us, if we were going to meet the huge demands for legal university educationwe had to establish a Faculty of L aw at St Augustine, as Mona did in 2010-11. I thank our ViceC hancellor, Professor E. Nigel H arris for supporting us in this decision, a challenging one within a regional university system. L ast October, this campus celebrated its rst 70 LLB graduates from our new Faculty of L aw, which became operational in August 2012. To get to this stage, we had to build new facilities at St Augustine to accommodate more students and new sta; this included the Noor H assanali L aw Auditorium. e Faculty of L aw now has 139 students in year one; 86 in year two; and 99 in year three. C ommitted to extending our reach into south Trinidad, the University C ouncil agreed in 2011 to establish e UWI St Augustine South C ampus in Penal-D ebean extremely scenic and pristine environment that is conducive to scholarly pursuits and which will be the home of our agship Faculty of L aw. e facilities there will be on par with those of leading universities for the conduct of teaching, research and service to support legal education. ere are three ingredients to build a great Faculty of L aw: outstanding students, a dedicated faculty of scholars and practitioners, and a supportive environment for teaching, learning, research, critical thought and service. We are putting these elements in place. My hope is that this new Faculty will alter the landscape of the legal profession in a way that is tangible, strengthening the foundation of our young democracy and protecting the rights of all citizens, particularly the vulnerable. In so doing, e UWI continues to strengthen its contribution to the development of Trinidad and Tobago and the C aribbean. Join us on this journey of great expectations! CLEMENT K. S AN KATPro Vice Chancellor & Principal OUR CAMPUSPlease visit our website at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwiToday/default.asp for the full text of Professor Belle Antoines speech.


4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 ENERGY OUR CAMPUS Creating a Culture of Transparency: Revenue ReportingThe issue of transparency and accountability in the extractive industry has been a hotly debated topic for the last decade. Merging from this debate was the formation of the Publish as You Pay civil society network which was launched in 2002 and has a global outreach. The main campaign of the network is a call for extractive companies to publish what they pay to governments and for governments to publish what extractive companies pay to them. Advocates of publish what you pay note that this information will bring transparency and accountability into a sector that is plagued by rent-seeking and high incidents of corruption. Creating a Culture of Transparency is the umbrella theme that has been chosen as the mode by which bpTT has engaged and continues to engage the Trade and Economic Development Unit of the Department of Economics at The UWI, to host this internationally pitched Conference. It is the second in the conference series and focuses on revenue reporting. The aim of the Conference is to bring together international, regional and local experts on the issues of transparency and accountability with respect to taxes paid; tax revenues distributed and the use of petroleum revenues (among others); to strengthen the local efforts of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI); to improve awareness of transparency and accountability issues; to provide the Government, the citizenry, civil society networks, academic and other such bodies with the tools needed to insist on and ensure a continued high level of accountability alongside an improvement in accountability for petroleum resources. It takes place at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Port of Spain Ballroom on June 5 and 6, 2014. F OR FURTHER INFORMATION Please contact Joel Jordan, the Department of Economics, Tel: 662-2002, ext. 83231. Professor E N igel Harris, ViceC hancellor of The UWI has been invited to speak at Going Global, the annual flagship conference of the British C ouncil, in Miami this month. Going Global brings together H igher Education Institutes (H EI) representatives from around the world to share best practices, network and strategies about the future of H igher Education and presents an opportunity to showcase e UWI and the higher education system of the C aribbean to a highly relevant audience of international policymakers and HEIs, in collaboration with the British Council. ViceC hancellor H arris has been invited to serve on three panels: Strategic Partnerships and Inclusive Internationalisation and on the nal wrap-up panel. Strategic partnerships will consider the major role of international partnerships in driving innovation and delivering impact and the models that have been developed in this regard. e session will consider models from e UWI and universities of Warwick and Monash and Swansea. Inclusive internationalisation focuses on internationalisation as a hallmark of, and a path to, quality in higher education. e panel will question whether inclusive internationalisation has been achieved, what distance remains to be travelled and the measures needed to reach this objective at institutional and policy levels. Vice-Chancellor H arris sees e UWIs singular focus at Going Global as positioning the University in the global landscape as an authority in small-island state development and an ideal global partner. e UWI, as the largest university in the Englishspeaking C aribbean, and as one of just two regional (multi-country) universities worldwide, is well placed to take advantage of regional and international partnerships to strengthen its mandate as an engine of development in teaching, research and public service, he said. e UWI will also have a booth and host a breakfast meeting for selected stakeholders. C aribbean Export D evelopment Agency, the only regional trade and investment promotion agency in the African, C aribbean and Pacic group, is the main sponsor ensuring e UWIs participation at Going Global. Going Global 2014 takes place in Miami from April 29 to May 1, 2014.Vice-Chancellor to discussSTRAT EGIC P ART NERSHIPS Two CARPIMS scholars, who began their studies at the University of the South Pacic in Fiji in February 2013, won gold medals for the best overall results in a postgraduate diploma. ere were ve recipients of this award: two from the C aribbean and three from Fiji. Each awardee gained a perfect GPA of 4.5. e King of Tonga, King Tupou VI, presented the award at the recently held presentation ceremony. is Gold Medal, Awards and Prizes C eremony is a special event, held two days before the actual graduation ceremony. ere were 29 recipients of these medals, awards and prizes out of a graduating cohort of almost 1,300 students. Kerwin Livingstone (current lecturer from the University of Guyana) pursued a Master of Education, and C amille Reid (UWI St. Augustine graduate from Jamaica) pursued an MA in Psychology.A CARPIMS CELEB RATI ON


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 5 ENERGY OUR CAMPUSTimely talks at CCM FsVEN TUR E CAPITAL SEM IN ARRegional executives from private and public sector organisations participated in a venture capital nancing seminar hosted by e UWI, C aribbean C entre for Money and Finance (CC MF) at the Hyatt Conference Centre in Port of Spain. Issues were led by regional and international experts, including Professor Jayanta Mitra, Director, International C entre for Entrepreneurship and Research at Essex Business School, UK. Participants discussed the development of the ecosystem for the venture capital industry to full economic and social roles, weaknesses in the existing nancial market legislation and structure, the role of the state and the need for nancial technical skills to provide for the creation of suitable nancial instruments. Trinidad and Tobagos Minister of Finance, Senator the Honourable L arry H owai, made the point at the opening that increasingly, competitive advantage is being derived less from natural resources or cheap labour, and more from knowledge and technical innovations. It is vitally necessary therefore, that we transform the economys structure to seek new growth opportunities. H is point was that we must begin to build knowledge-based economies. Jwala Rambarran, Governor of the C entral Bank of Trinidad and Tobago, noted that the seminar was taking place against the backdrop of a global environment that is likely to be less favourable than in the recent past. H e cautioned against the use of inappropriate models reminding that, many governments including ours in Trinidad and Tobago have attempted to implement policies to encourage venture capital investment but, From le, Jayanta Mitra Professor of Business Enterprise and Innovation and Director of the International C entre for Entrepreneurship Research at Essex Business School, University of Essex; UK, Miguel Sierra, CEO and Managing Director Caribbean of Pan-American Life; Judith Mark, Consultant for CBE S and Founder/Owner of CME Consulting Limited. Dr. Dave Seerattan, Research Fellow at the C aribbean C entre for Money and Finance.unfortunately, these eorts have either been misguided or failed to deliver the anticipated results. The event was supported by a mix of players in the nancial services sector, an indication that nancial institutions are recognising the signicance of pursuing new possibilities and of collaboration in eorts at capital market development. e lead partner and platinum sponsor for the event was Pan-American L ife Insurance C ompany of Trinidad and Tobago (PA LIG). PALIG CEO, Miguel Sierra agreed that the days discussions were an important step in addressing some of the challenges faced by the regional nancial sector. ere is no question that there are important opportunities for growth in the Caribbean, Sierra said. e discussions we had today, with so many of the sectors stakeholders involved, were crucial to creating the environment that will allow the region to take full advantage of its potential. Too oen people are condescending to those who are in the vocational sector, said the Minister of Tertiary Education and Skills Training (MTEST), Fazal Karim. e Minister urged people to change the way they think about the vocational sector as there needs to be less stigma attached to this eld of study. ere is a place in the sun for academia, for pre-technician and technical vocation, he said as he addressed a graduate seminar in early April on the subject: e vision for TVET in the context of National Workforce D evelopment and Economic Diversication in Trinidad and Tobago. H e encouraged the students of the Master of Arts Programme in TVET which is being oered by e UWI School of Education, to li the bar for TVET, and not limit themselves. H e told the students that he was interested in knowing what they were planning on doing for their dissertations because he wants to see a return on the Governments investment, as $2.9 million has been invested in the TVET programme, which he designed. H e also hopes to take the TVET programme to the PhD level. Minister Fazal Karim, the Minister of Tertiary Education and Skills Training (centre) with students graduating with the Master of Arts Programme in TVET which is being oered by the UWI School of E ducation.PHOTO: COURTESY THE MINISTRY OF TERTIARY EDUCATION AND SKILLS TRAININGANYONE C A N D O A NY THI NG


6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 is is an extract from a lecture presented at the Institute of International Relations, UWI St Augustine, on March 18, 2014. For the full version please visit our website at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwiToday/default.asp C an science make a meaningful contribution to diplomacy? ere are three aspects that I will address. First, there is the role scientists play as diplomats, and here I refer to the doyen of scientist/diplomats, Benjamin Franklin. I believe that his scientic background and training allowed him to be stoical in the midst of many of the travails he underwent and certainly his scientic credentials gave him access to what were then described as philosophical circles that might have been closed to others less famous. So great was his reputation that on one occasion when he was being criticized in the H ouse of L ords, L ord C hatham referred to him as one whom all Europe ranks with our Boyles and Newtons, as an honor, not to the English nation only, but to human nature itself. I would not go as far as saying that scientists make the best diplomats, but I would argue that diplomats should not be ignorant about science and its possibilities for improving human welfare. en there are the many examples of the traditional view of scientific knowledge facilitating diplomatic discourse as occurred in the development of international health organizations. Interstate negotiation for global health goes back over ve hundred years, but the modern developments can be traced to the sanitary conferences of the nineteenth century. It was the prevention of epidemics and the impact quarantine practices could have on trade and commerce that were the basic motivation for these early eorts. Quarantine represented not only a hindrance to travel and trade as well as nancial losses, but also presented opportunities for bribery and corruption. In the rst international sanitary conference of 1851 there were 12 states, each represented by a doctor and a diplomat. e length of the conference: six months, and the arguments by doctors over the merits and demerits of the theories of contagion versus those of sanitation led to the decision that if progress was to be made doctors who represented the scientic opinion of the day should be excluded. irteen of these were held and despite the fact that the vibrio of cholera was discovered by Pacini in 1854 and rediscovered by Koch 30 years later and indeed Koch participated in two of the Sanitary conferences, the basic approach of the international eort was dominated by the thesis that the best thing was to keep the infections out of the country and the major debates on how best this was to be done was mainly within the purview of diplomats rather than scientists. e main infectious disease of the Americas: yellow fever, was of little interest to the European nations, so the Fih Sanitary C onference was held in Washington in 1881. is was a meeting essentially of diplomats with four experts in medical matters brought to give a patina of science to the proceedings which were essentially administrative. It was here that C arlos Findlay presented a major scientic theory that yellow fever required a vector and subsequently described that vector as the mosquito that came to be known as Aedes Aegypti which is still a scourge to the countries of the Americas. But at the First Sanitary C onference of the Americas in 1902 at which the Pan American H ealth Organization was created, there appears to have been a dierent tone. At the opening of the C onference, the Surgeon-General of the United States as host was very clear. H e said Our deliberations will relate to scientic investigations which alone enable us to be rational in both quarantine and sanitation and which form the foundation and the iron girders of our hygienic structure. Goodman describes in detail the evolution of these conferences into the International Oce of Public H ealth in Paris. When World War II ended the United Nations was established, WH O was born and some of the impetus for their work would have come from Point 4 of President Trumans 1949 inaugural address in which he pledged We must embark on a bold new program for making the benet of our scientic advances and industrial progress available for the improvement of underdeveloped areas. The global pattern of disease has changed with increasing dominance of the chronic non-communicable diseases (N CD s) over the communicable diseases. More people now die of N CD scardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseasethan of communicable disease and the incidence of these diseases is rising in all countries, among the rich and the poor. e need for joint and cooperative action is just as great as before. e control of the vectors of these new diseases is oen beyond the capacity of a single nation state although the responsibility for the health of its citizens is to a large extent the states or rather governments responsibility. is is not to remove individual agency, but the necessary change in many of the factors which aect the health of the population as a whole are outside the capacity of the individual. e social determinants of health as the term implies, are not under individual control. H ere I must refer to a C aribbean experience which represents one of the outstanding examples of collective C aribbean diplomacy leading the world. It was the science of the magnitude of the burden of the N CD s in the C aribbean countries that persuaded their Heads of Governments to invest political and diplomatic capital in moving the issue from the regional level to the C ommonwealth and then to the level of the United Nations General Assembly. It is science that will facilitate the diplomatic wrestling with issues such as climate change, antimicrobial resistance and the global preparations for a possible inuenza pandemic. e growth of interest in the nexus between health and foreign policy in the United Nations and more generally, is in part due to the ability of the health sector to produce the science that facilitates dialogue. I refer to science generally and must admit that it is disciplines beside those in the STEM world that come into play here, especially the social and behavioral sciences. But the more fundamental question that is rarely debated and has import for the training of all diplomats is whether the essential canons of science are of any relevance in diplomatic practice and discourse. The STEM world in which I dwelt originally would have grave diculty accepting many of the tenets of diplomacy. I confess that I was weaned scientically on the works of Sir Peter Medawar and treasured his armation that no scientic theory ever achieves apodiptic certainty. (at it is demonstrably true) I swore by Karl Popper and his concept of the falsiability of hypotheses. I believed that science was a logically connected network of theories that represented our current opinion of about what the natural world is like. It is basic to science that assumptions and the data supporting them are subject to review and reassessment and change through criticism from peers and the production of new data. Scientic data and information are public while making information public and inviting validation and possibly rejection is normally anathema to the traditional inter-state diplomacy. ENERGY OUR CAMPUSHealth Diplomacy, Science Diplomacy Can the twain meet?BY G EORGE A. O. ALLEYNE Chancellor, e University of the West Indies


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 7 e late Professor Norman Girvan was the supervisor for PhD student of IGDS, Aleah Ranjitsingh. You can read the original 2007 essay, One ing Led to Another, on our website at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwiToday/default.asp, as well as e UWIs tributes to him. I was introduced to the work of Professor Norman Girvan in 2005 when I began studies for a Masters degree in Political Science at Brooklyn C ollege of the City University of New York. I had never taken any classes which specically dealt with C aribbean political thought or even development for that matter. So, as the lecturer, Dr Judith D uncker, spoke about C aribbean dependency theory, I felt as if that theory was meant to nd me and vice versa. It is strange to speak of a development theory this way, but as I sought to nd or better yet, position myself in political theory, I knew that this was my worldview. Ones worldview can change, but the work of Professor Girvan struck a deeper chord within me. My Masters thesis looked at Mercado Comn del Sur (MERC OSUR) at a time when Venezuela had become a member of the bloc; and this is how one thing led to another. Aer a year of teaching an introductory Political Science class at Brooklyn C ollege, I found myself back in Trinidad. I was to start a PhD in Interdisciplinary Gender Studies at the Institute for Gender and D evelopment Studies (IG D S), UWI, St Augustine campus. I remember the proposal I wrote as part of the programmes application. I wanted to look at women and development in the C aribbean and of course my theoretical frame was all dependency theory. In 2009, about a year and half into the programme, as the time came to truly decide on a thesis research topic, I looked at the political situation in Argentina. C hristina Fernandez had been elected President, but as I looked deeper at the region, Venezuela not just piqued, but stole my interest. A revolution of which the impact to poor women was unquestionable, in addition to a leader in President Hugo C hvez I was meant to look at Venezuela. As we sat in class discussing our topics one day, Professor Jane Parpart, the former Graduate C oordinator of IG D S wondered aloud about Professor Girvan. I remember interrupting her and the class loudly, Where is he? H e is right next door, in IR she said, IR is the Institute for International Relations, literally next door to the IGDS. Maybe we can see if he can be your supervisor, she said. I didnt dare hope. When she told me that he was considering it but wanted to meet me rst, I panicked. No way would this work out, I said to myself. But that is how one thing led another. H e would always say to me that he was not a gender scholar. I would laugh because although I studied gender, his ability to create connections based on a solid epistemological foundation, would One ing Led to AnotherBY ALEAH R ANJITSINGH ENERGY MEMORIAM oen help me to complicate and then further unravel the theoretical gendered underpinnings of my work. is was late 2009 to early 2010 and I remember that the institutional support in Venezuela for my rst trip there, scheduled for April 2010, fell through. I was working at an IG DS conference when Professor Girvan called. e conversation was a very hard one as I declared that I would visit Venezuela anyway with or without institutional support. While he did not agree, he stood by me and when I got back from Venezuela aer a preliminary three-week trip, I could tell that our relationship had changed. H e knew that I was committed to my research, to my PhD and to working with him; and I knew that I had a strong supporter. When President Hugo C hvez passed away on March 5, 2013, Professor Girvan called me for a quick chat. I think he was one of the few persons who understood how this had and would aect me and how deep a loss I felt. roughout D ecember 2013, Professor Girvan and I went through my thesis page by page. When we could not meet face to face, we would have Skype meetings. Oen I would get tired going through my work, the words I had written and rewritten, but Professor Girvan would never tire and this would push me to get the work done. We spoke on D ecember 30th 2013. At the end of the conversation, I realized that I would not speak to him again until the new year, so I took the opportunity to not only wish him a H appy New Year, but to thank him for all his support. We promised to speak soon in the New Year aer his family vacation. e new year came It is hard to put into words the impact that Professor Girvan has had on my life, and not just from an academic or theoretical standpoint. H e was my teacher. H e was my supporter. H e was my defender (especially when my research seminars did not go as planned). H e was that person who made me feel that my work would make a dierence. H e was that person that made me realize my own potential. H e was that person who has brought me to a 300 page thesis; and now I am ready to submit and I want him to be here not just for me, but for his wife and children, for the world. I believe Professor Girvan to be one of the greatest intellectual minds of the C aribbean and L atin American region and I know many will mourn him. Speaking of himself in his 2007 essay, One ing L ed to Another, on which this tribute is based, he said, I do not see how thinking and informed people of today can fail to address these issues; or at least can fail to take account of them in the work that they do. One thing did lead to another and I worked with a man whose works I read, whose theories I critically analysed and who, aer all was said and done, became my teacher. H e will always be my teacher. ere is so much he has written that I am yet to get my hands on. But as long as I write, the work of Professor Girvan will continue. I will never forget him and while my heart breaks, I hope he knew of the tremendous respect, admiration and love I have for him. So again, one thing led to another and I am proud to say that I AM a student of Professor Norman Girvan.


8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 OUR CAMPUS Its late evening and the campus is quiet, but Professor Antoine is surprisingly energised for her interview. Surprising, because its the tail end of a ursday with lots to do since her return from an arduous stint at the InterAmerican C ommission on H uman Rights in Washington and she is nishing preparation for the launch of the Faculty of L aw at UWI St Augustine. is evening hour was the only time she had. Rose-Marie Belle Antoine, the new D ean of the new faculty, shes as lively as early afternoon. H er eyes are expressive, and its fascinating to watch her thoughts play across them as she responds to my questions. Im a C aribbean woman, she says when asked how she feels about regional identity. Its as clear a rebuttal as any to V.S. Naipauls concept of the mimic mena post-colonial C aribbean made of fragile pretenders stagnating in false societies. When Professor Antoine proclaims her C aribbean identity she does it with a self-assuredness that would be incomprehensible to Ralph Singh. H er condence is well-founded. rough her diverse and prolic academic career she has created a place for herself, e UWI and the region, based on groundbreaking intellectual inquiry and dedication to social justice. To her, C aribbean means creative energy used for a positive purpose. Its the outlook through which she will shape UWI St Augustines Faculty of L aw over the next four years: I dont want to be a copy cat. I want to be the international authority. In the same way, the faculty has to be creative and relevant (in its courses and research). ats how I see my academic work and the work of the faculty. We will do all the traditional things but we also have to be out there breaking new ground. L AW AT ST A UG USTINE On April 15, UWI St Augustine ocially launched its Faculty of L aw in a campus ceremony that included Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Kamla Persad-Bissessar and Sir C harles Michael D ennis Byron, President of the C aribbean C ourt of Justice. is means students can now complete all three years of the Bachelor of L aws degree programme at St Augustine. Previously, they had to do their second and nal year of the programme at the C ave H ill Campus in Barbados. It was an enormous undertaking and crucial to its success was nding the right person to head the faculty. ere were several strong candidates but in the end the position went to Professor Antoine. Few would argue with the selection. H er credentials are outstanding. She holds a Chair as Professor of Labour L aw and Oshore Financial L aw. Previously, at the C ave H ill campus, she was the Deputy D ean and D irector of the LL M programme. Professor Antoine is a winner of several regional and international awards, including the Vice-Chancellors Award for Excellence In 2006 she won the Vice-Chancellors Award for Research and in 2013 for Public Service making her the rst two-time winner in the history of the awards. True to her word, she has built an international reputation for innovative research and is considered by many the foremost regional expert and thought leader in areas like oshore nancial law, labour law and the law on H IV. at reputation extends as well to her published work. Professor Antoine is an award-winning author of 12 books and numerous articles, whose work is on the curriculum of universities in Africa, the US, the UK and continental Europe. But if there is any area of her work that she is most proud of, it is in the sphere of public advocacy: Im always surprised when people talk about my accomplishments. ey are not that big a deal to me. I do get a feeling of quiet satisfaction when I see that my work inuences policy. e other day one of my former students who is now a director at the HIV Unit in C aricom told me I was a change agent because of how inuential my work has been in HIV. She smiles. Ive lived to see labour law work I did in 1992 taken up by governments in the region. When I see equal opportunity legislation in Trinidad and Tobago I know that I wrote the early proposals. You talk about things for years and years and you think no one is listening and then one day, people do it. As an academic that is a very powerful thing. PROTEST P ROFE SSOR On March 21, 2001, Professor Antoine gave an intense example of her commitment to social justice when along with nine of her students she was arrested at a C ave H ill Campus protest.Standing with her best friend in front of the mosaic wall that she built. In the Dominican Republic last December, as rst Vice President of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, speaking with members of the Haitian community.


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 9 Professor Rose-Marie Belle Antoine addressing the opening of the Law Faculty on April 15.A Constant G ardenerNew Dean rolls up her Caribbean sleeves and digs right inBY JOE L H ENRY Ill never forget the date, she laughs. I was moving and my car was piled up with things when I saw my students protesting at the campus. The law students were concerned about campus security. ey had already had an altercation with the police and asked their lecturer to join them. So she did, not as a protestor but as a sign of solidarity. When the police returned, her youthful appearance worked against her. inking she was a student, she was manhandled and arrested with the others. ey came straight at me, she said. I was dragged not very elegantlyto the police station. A case of mistaken identity is easily corrected; but even aer being given the opportunity to leave, Professor Antoine stayed with her students, subjecting herself to arrest and ngerprinting. It was a very serious thing. A couple of my students couldnt get visas. One couldnt get a job. I am still ghting this battle for some of my students because they were supposed to have their records expunged and they never were, she said. Fighting for othersstudents, women, children, the working class, the H IV positiveis part of her nature, embedded early in life through her parents. I thought it was natural to stay, she shrugged. I could not leave. I grew up in that sort of family. You would do your duty. You would serve your community. Professor Antoine is the seventh of eight children born to a French father and Grenadian mother. She grew up in Arima with her siblings (particularly her two sisters) as her friends and playmates. One of those sisters would become a nun and today is the Head of the Dominican Convent. We had a very atypical childhood. We didnt t into any sort of social circle. Today she lives in both Trinidad and St L ucia, with a strong preference for nature. Im a Virgo, she says in explanation of her love for the natural world. One of things she misses most when in Trinidad is her garden in St L ucia, which is also where she does much of her creative work outside of academic law. Even without her long list of achievements in research and advocacy, Professor Antoines massive garden mosaic is proof of her superhuman creative energy. Shes also a vocal soloist. But apart from her family circumstance, her childhood was unique as well because of her birth. Professor Antoine was one of the rst of Trinidad and Tobagos Independence babies. is, she reasons, is why independenceof spirit and from colonial inuenceis so important to her. Ive always dened myself by my independence. I am extremely independent. I am very outspoken. Ive never had a crisis of condenceeven as a woman. Even before I went to C ambridge (for her LLM) and Oxford (for her PhD) I didnt think they were any better than me. And when I got there I realised they werent. I sat with the supposed best in the world and yes they were very bright people, but honestly I thought my brother was brighter. I think my husband is brighter. She added, a lot of people I meet in the C aribbean, even though they might not have had the same opportunities, have bright and logical minds. I have students like that as well. ey may be grassroots but their minds are powerful. With these twin xationsintellectual independence and social responsibilityits easy to predict Professor Antoines vision for the new Faculty of L aw at St Augustine. I intend, of course, to make this the best faculty ever, she laughs, but shes not joking. I also believe very strongly in developing people. Key to this objective is encouraging her sta to engage in new research. To facilitate, her first priority is the establishment of a research fund. e oen overworked and under-resourced academic sta have little time to devote to research, she says, especially in comparison to faculty in the US and Europe. Professor Antoine also sees her own publishing success as a motivator: If they are working with someone who has published then they see that as the standard. is is the culture Im seeing developing. ey all want to publish. I have to say I am very inspired by my sta so far. H er other objective is to make the Faculty of L aw an engaging voice in the public discourse on topical social issues. I feel very strongly that the faculty should be community oriented, she said. L awyers are very insular. I have always been multi-disciplinary in my approach so it is something I want to push my colleagues to become involved in. We have a duty to be relevant to the society. H er agenda is ambitiouslike everything else shes undertaken and succeeded at in her academic career. We need to dream bigger, she says, and there are few who live so in line with the maxim of big dreams. ats why, apart from the particulars of her agenda for the Faculty of L aw, the assets she brings are her inexhaustible creative impulse and the condence to release it upon the world. If she can impart thatto the faculty, to the students, and to the legal fraternitywe will, like Professor Antoine, become pioneers. Standing with her best friend in front of the mosaic wall that she built. Amidst disenfranchised Haitian children in the Dominican Republic. PHOTOS COURTESY PROFESSOR ROSE-MARIE BELLE ANTOINE


10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 e focus of my talk today will be the year 1962 and I will try to explore the legacies of that year for the region today as I would suggest that 1962 dened the context within which the region continues to operate in the contemporary context. I should begin by saying that my comment about historical amnesia in the contemporary C aribbean has a certain resonance with a theme of D erek Walcotts Nobel Prize Speech titled, e Antilles: Fragments of Epic Memory where he said: Break a vase, and the love that reassembles the fragments is stronger than that love which took its symmetry for granted when it was whole. e glue that ts the pieces is the sealing of its original shape. It is such a love that reassembles our African and Asiatic fragments, the cracked heirlooms whose restoration shows its white scars. This gathering of broken pieces is the care and pain of the Antilles, and if the pieces are disparate, ill-tting, they contain more pain than their original sculpture, those icons and sacred vessels taken for granted in their ancestral places. Antillean art is this restoration of our shattered histories, our shards of vocabulary, our archipelago becoming a synonym for pieces broken o from the original continent. Walcotts graphic analysis of the challenges confronting Antillean artists is a reminder that the politics of the imagination is a domain in which the creative artists of the region have shown themselves to be very accomplished in their readings and critical analyses of C aribbean reality. I would suggest that Walcotts formulation this restoration of our shattered histories, our shards of vocabulary, our archipelago becoming a synonym for pieces broken o from the original continent, captures the predicament posed by political independence since the collapse of the West Indian Federation in 1962. C an we as C aribbean people be independent without overcoming the fragmentation and displacement that dened our condition as colonial subjects prior to 1962? I have posed this question as a way to explore the key issues I am going to address today and I will start with the West Indian Federation which, having been established with great fanfare in 1958, collapsed in January 1962 aer the Jamaican referendum of 1961 set the context and terms of Eric Williams equation one from ten leaves nought and unleashed the politics of fragmentation that continues to define the contemporary context. According to the summary assessment of the West Indian Federation on the CARICOM website: e Federation however faced several problems. ese included: the governance and administrative structures imposed by the British; disagreements among the territories over policies, particularly with respect to taxation and central planning; an unwillingness on the part of most Territorial Governments to give up power to the Federal Government; and the location of the Federal Capital. is summary assessment captures the central issues that shaped the failure of the Federal Project during its short life. I have explored some of these issues elsewhere but today I will oer some thoughts about the legacies of the Federation and what they say about the regional condition. First, the leaders who were part of the Federal Project could genuinely make the case for the imposition of federal governance and administrative structures. H owever, what explanation can we oer for the deciencies that are embodied in current governance arrangements within the region including the deciencies that have hindered the development and evolution of CARICOM? If we take the view that we are independent, and making the relevant recommendations and/or decisions, we have to move towards implementation of agreements and changes that are required to demonstrate independence. Given the challenges of vulnerability and viability that are looming in the next several decades, particularly in the areas of climate change and food security, can we make an argument that we have developed the governance and administrative structures that will enable us to implement the policies and practices that are required to meet those challenges? In eect, the issue that has to be faced is whether we can formulate and impose upon ourselves the governance and administrative structures that will enable us to meet those challenges. I would suggest that the current saga of the adoption of the C aribbean C ourt of Justice as the nal court of Appeal in the region oers us a particular insight into the decisiveness that is absent at a broader level. More than y years aer the onset of political independence, have we made the transition from the colonial condition that would allow us to forge the governance arrangements and administrative structures that signal the capacity to govern ourselves and ensure the survival of the territories into the future? I am suggesting that in 1962, there was the decision made to move towards territorial rather than federal independence. We need to ask ourselves now whether that strategy of territorial independence has worked eectively and whether territorial independence will protect us from the challenges of global problems such as climate change being addressed on the back of vulnerable states and communities to their disadvantage. Second, the issues of taxation and central planning to support West Indian independence. H ave we, either at the individual territory or regional level, found ways to forge strategies of economic integration and/or collaboration that would ensure both sustainability and survival? Has there been any regional strategy developed to forge eective private sector collaboration that will make C ARI COM enterprises capable of competing at the hemispheric and global levels? With the rise of C hina as the workshop to the world and as a major source of global investment capital, where will the C aribbean fit into a world increasingly dominated by the Asia-Pacic region? In D ecember 1993, I was here at IIR on a panel with L loyd Best and we were talking about the changing international context aer the collapse of the Berlin Wall. I raised the issue then that aer the end of the C old War C aribbean leaders would need to cra strategies to deal with the emergence of an international system centered within the Asia-Pacic region. Since 2008, the shi in the global axis to the Asia-Pacic region has gained increasing momentum across the entire system and the Obama Administrations pivot towards the Pacic should be a reminder that beyond issues of security and the drug trade, the C aribbean C ommunity has declined as an area of importance for many of the major states in the Atlantic world. In eect, the C aribbean C ommunity member states face the continuing erosion of their claim to independence and sovereignty a development that rst emerged as a serious threat in the wake of the oil crises of the 1970s and the onset of the debt crisis of the 1980s. Eective scal management as a platform for achieving and maintaining independence has been a central problem for the region as was evident in the failure of the federal project. H as the situation changed signicantly since 1962 with the onset of territorial independence? ENERGY OUR CAMPUSRevisitingWEST INDIA NIN DEP EN D ENCEis is an extract from a lecture delivered by Cary Fraser, Former President of the University of Belize, at the Institute of International Relations at e UWI on April 14, 2014. Please visit our website for the full lecture at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwiToday/default.asp


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 11 How should libraries manage physical space in a world where information might soon be stored in the back of your eye and retrieval can be just a blink away? It is the kind of thing you think about aer talking to Frank Soodeen, the senior librarian at the Alma Jordan L ibrary who manages the Digital Library Services Centre (DL SC). Traditionally, libraries have been physical repositories for information: books, magazines and so on. As the culture changed with the hunkering down of the Internet as a way of life, so too did access to information and the information seeking behaviour of library users. Fewer students and researchers physically come into libraries globally, but that does not mean that the collections have lost importance. L ibraries have now found that the challenge is to provide a wider range of information resources through well managed online platforms in the networked landscape that is the Internet and the World Wide Web. At the St Augustine campus of e UWI, the DL SC creates and manages digital collections for access by the Universitys community throughout the region and by researchers across the world. ese resources are captured, organized and preserved to serve teaching, learning and research needs. Just so you know, the DL SC is primarily engaged in: repository content As an example, Soodeen recalls how dissertations were once compiled in threefold, with a fairly involved process to print, bind and then disseminate to each campus. Now we ask them to bring it in electronically, on DVDs or CDs, and the Library takes responsibility for circulating the theses to other libraries and so on, he says. e issue of intellectual property rights is also taken into consideration, he adds, noting that the uidity of the digital realm makes managing the rights issue challenging at times. OUR CAMPUSInside from the O utsideNew digital library service brings everything to you But, he says, building the Alma Jordan L ibrarys digitization capacity is based on the premise of open access. We have this vision for creating open collections, but the success depends on the capacity of the institution to deploy technological and organisational frameworks that will help the libraries to capture digital content and organise that content in a meaningful way, so it can be more readily available. e plans ahead are ambitious indeed, but must be exciting both from the point of view of the sta so eagerly pushing it and the library users who will be the big beneciaries of this project. e Useful Links: UWISpace Institutional Repository http://uwispace.sta.uwi.edu/dspace/ http://uwispace.sta.uwi.edu/dspace/handle/2139/138 BBC Caribbean Archive http://uwispace.sta.uwi.edu/dspace/handle/2139/11134 http://uwispace.sta.uwi.edu/dspace/handle/2139/14668 overall goals are many, including digitizing and oering network access to unique collections of West Indiana materials from the University L ibraries; preserving rare books and fragile collections while increasing access to them, and ( H allelujah!) establishing a regional and international reputation for developing premier digital libraries at e UWI. Soodeen is very concerned that the work done by regional scholars and academics should have their rst home within the region. H e believes that all work pertaining to the Caribbean should be available from e UWIs library network. H e laments the fact that too many universities outside the region have staked claims to this wide range of work cheaply and it has fed and enriched their research capacities without properly allowing the value of C aribbean research as a corpus to be given the respect it deserves. is is an underlying guideline for the basis on which the material to be rst digitized will be selected. Broadly, analogue materials in all formats are to be digitized, including pictures, maps, ephemera, newspapers, journals, theses and dissertations, audio recordings, manuscripts, and videos. Material that is of historical and or cultural significance tops the selection list, which includes those items in high demand by researchers and students; items selected for publication or exhibition by the library; material that is outside the copyright domain or which permission to digitize has been obtained, and material that may otherwise have restricted access due to its conditions, value, vulnerability or location. Another benet of digitization is preserving fragile and valuable material. L ibraries oen get collections in various states of repair, and while originals are restored as faithfully as possible, the digitization can help so that public access remains feasible. The digital collections are accessible via the UWISpace Institutional Repository that the libraries use as the platform for organizing and preserving digital content. L inks to the collections are provided on the libraries website and Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC). (Vaneisa Baksh)PHOTO: UWISPACE INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY PHOTO: UWISPACE INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY


12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 The University of the West Indies as the premier regional institution should be front and centre in this interchange. I should not have to look to the University of Florida or the University of Miami alone for the expertise to develop some of our own institutions. As we speak, we are seeking to develop the Bahamas Agricultural and Marine Science Institute (BAMSI). is is being developed in Andros, which is the largest island in e Bahamas. is is a landmass which is larger than the island of Trinidad but with a population of less than 14,000 people. We are seeking to make a concerted eort for e Bahamas to develop its agricultural potential, and train farmers and shermen who will not only conduct research and development but will grow food for our country. is is a determined eort to make the country more self-sucient in food production. An expert from the C aribbean was central to developing our ideas on the subject. H owever, more of this can and should be done. I think this expertise can be supplied from the region, particularly in the area of tourism which is now the premier industry, supplying billions of dollars to the gross domestic product of the region. Tourism is very much our bread and butter. e University should be front and centre in the forward movement of our tourism product, particularly as the product moves to an even higher end. It should be front and centre in preparing the management talent and in designing synergies so that our countries can develop and obtain more from the tourism product in a sustainable manner. e all-important area of climate change and the management of the environment is another area where the regional University can help. It is clear from the latest report on climate change that unless there is some dramatic turnaround in the policies of consumption on energy we are in for dramatic shis in the climate: longer drought cycles and more intense rains and hurricanes. This poses life-changing dangers, especially to low-lying island nations like The Bahamas. If sea level rises over one metre there will be catastrophic consequences. I am advised that in D ominica there is already evidence that the growing cycles are changing because the periods of rainfall are increasing. Our scientists and academics should be front and centre in the management of these issues for us. is should include not only research and development and advice on what we can do to ameliorate the eects of climate change but also how we can get the capital to manage the issues that we face. I believe in education. I have already spoken about the development of BAMSI in e Bahamas. BAMSI is just one thrust in the area of education. We have also implemented a new National Training Agency to prepare our people for the phenomenal demand which will come during the next few years for workers in the high-end tourism eld. is year e Bahamas will substantially complete a multi-billion dollar tourist product at Cable Beach in New Providence which is expected to create 5,000 new jobs. It is expected to open in D ecember of this year. We have to be proactive in ensuring that we can meet the demand for labour in that facility. at is not the only hotel facility creating new jobs but it shows you the magnitude of the issue for us. ere is also afoot the development of the University of e Bahamas. A decision was taken by the government in 2007 to move toward a University of e Bahamas, upgrading the present C ollege of The Bahamas to university status by the year 2015. We are well on our way. C learly, there are synergies between the development of this university and the University of e West Indies which should be developed. I never miss the opportunity however to make the point that there must be a concerted eort in all of our societies to encourage men and boys to get an education. It is a cause of serious concern to us in e Bahamas and I am advised throughout the region. Too many of our men and boys are choosing not to keep up, to drop out and not to engage in the work and development of society. We must make them a special project, even as we continue to encourage the enviable success which women have and continue to make to the development of our societies. Faced with these new challenges, e Bahamas and all CARIC OM members need to invest in more research capacity to anticipate and avoid these new forms of challenges and to inform the making of public policy. e Bahamas Government recognizes that prosperity is linked to national capacity to meet global challenges, innovate and develop new products and services. erefore, e Bahamas Government has determined to re-position e Bahamas, which has a global reputation for its tourism and nancial services industry, as a centre of excellence in tertiary education, training, research, food security and ecological sustainability. While we are fully committed to the University of e Bahamas, we recognize that one regional university cannot meet our needs to build the capital of The Bahamas to better dene our reality and increase our competitiveness in the global arena. The Government recognizes the importance of higher education to sustainable economic, social and cultural development. In common with other countries, graduates with university level qualications reduce the need for public expenditure by making less use of public services. ey also create employment opportunities in all sectors of the economy, from education, to construction, to health care. As such, they have become in many ways, the motor which drives the economy. C onsequently, e Bahamas Government has undertaken to ensure the widest possible access to higher education. C onsistent with the aim of increasing the number of people with a university education, the Government is encouraging the College of e Bahamas to diversify its course oering and to increase the number of graduate levels programmes. We have therefore mandated that the C ollege of The Bahamas transitions by September 2015 to the University of e Bahamas to support and drive national development through education, research, innovation and service by oering programmes grounded in the unique features of the Bahamian environment, economy and history. OUR REGIONe Rt. Hon. Perry G. Christie, Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of the Commonwealth of e Bahamas As part of its ongoing CARICOM focus in the Distinguished Open Lecture Series of e UWI St Augustine, the Rt. Hon. Perry G. Christie, Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of the Commonwealth of e Bahamas, spoke on April 7, 2014, on e Role of e Bahamas in Caricom: My perspective on where we are going. We carry an excerpt from his speech here, and the full text can be seen on our website.e B ahamas in C ARI COM Please visit our website at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwiToday/default.asp for the full text of the lecture


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 13 OUR RESEARCHWhen you think of St L ucias landscape, the magnicent Pitons come easily to mind. e Gros Piton and the Petit Piton are the two volcanic plugs located to the south of Soufrire. ey are recognised as one of UNESC Os World H eritage Sites and attract many visitors. e town of Soufrire with a population just under 8,400, attracts many tourists Sulphur Springs Park draws more than 200,000 annually. But the volcanic landscape, while it provides a livelihood for many St L ucians, also has a life of its own, which might not necessarily be good for residents and visitors. Volcanic gases, present even in a passive volcano can be damaging to health, and there has been some concern over what levels exist and how harmful they might be. In this case, stakeholders from Saint L ucias health and environmental sectors convened at the Soufrire C ommunity Access C entre for the launch of a new network to monitor these gases. L ed by e UWI Seismic Research C entre (UWISR C ), the primary objective of the project is to gain a better understanding of volcanic emissions at the Soufrire Volcano and the potential impact on environmental and human health. e UWI-SR C and members of the Project Team will work with the Soufrire Regional D evelopment Foundation (SRD F), management of the Sulphur Springs Park, and NEMO of Saint L ucia, to establish a volcanic emissions monitoring network at two sites aected by geothermal activity. The project will specifically measure outputs of sulphur dioxide in the air and arsenic in water at the Sulphur Springs Park and the town of Soufrire. e eight month project also seeks to build local capacity as members of the SRD F will be trained in the application of low-cost, low-technology monitoring techniques developed by the UWI D epartment of C hemistry in St. Augustine. e involvement of the community through the training is an important component of the project as it will improve and expand our capacity to provide volcanic monitoring of gases beyond the life of the project, said the Principal Investigator on the project, Dr. Erouscilla Joseph, a Volcanologist at the UWI-SRC. By the end of 18 months, she envisages that the main outcomes would be: 1) quantication of the chemical Testing the AirVolcanic gas monitoring system for St Lucia impacts of volcanism on SO2 in the air, and As in the water supplies of Sulphur Springs and Soufrire; 2) Provide a low-cost low-technology SO2 monitoring technique as an option for use in reducing the impacts of passive volcanic emissions on human health; 3) Promote knowledge transfer of technology, and increase the capacity of local personnel by training them to perform SO2 evaluations; 4) C ontribute to advancing the knowledge and understanding of volcanic emissions and their potential impacts on the local environment, and hazards to human health through publications in international, peer-reviewed journals; and 5) Promote public education about the risks associated with exposure to unsafe levels of volcanic emissions and steps that may be taken to reduce these risks. Similar networks have been established in Hawaii and Reunion Island in the Indian Ocean but this is the rst of its kind in the C aribbean and it will be used as a model for other volcanic islands in the region. e project is funded by e UWI Trinidad and Tobago Research and D evelopment Impact Fund (RD I) and project partners include the D epartment of C hemistry (UWI St. Augustine), The Soufrire Regional D evelopment Foundation, the Saint L ucia National Emergency Management Organisation and the Montserrat Volcano Observatory.Dr. Erouscilla Joseph of the UWI Seismic Research Centre (far le), discusses the set up of sampling sites with sta of the Sulphur Springs Park as part of the community training. From le: Mr Viveka Jackson, UWI Seismic Research C entre and Ms. Venus Bass of the Montserrat Volcano Observatory with Ms. Sirmarnth Denys of the Sulphur Springs Park setting up the low cost sulphur dioxide sampler for monitoring. PHOTOS COURTESY SRCe Pitons at night.


14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 OUR COMMUNITYWhos Who in DiabetesKingston-based Trinidad-born Professor Dalip Ragoobirsingh has been invited to be a member of the World H ealth Organisation (W H O) guidelines development expert group. D r Ragoobirsingh, a graduate, of e UWI, is Professor of Medical Biochemistry and D iabetology, as well as Director of the UWI (Mona) Diabetes Education Programme. The Jamaica Observer reported that Dr Ragoobirsinghs appointment followed his publication in the prestigious British Medical Journal, based on a study done in collaboration with the Florida International University and with the blessings of the Ministries of Education and H ealth on 276 Jamaican adolescents aged 14-19 years, randomly selected from grades nine to 12 from 10 high schools on the island and including both genders. e study showed that Jamaican adolescents are at risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, with females being at greater risk than their male counterparts. It recommended that intervention measures are needed to educate Jamaican adolescents to reduce overweight and subsequently the risk factors. Prof Ragoobirsingh, a Rhodes Trust scholar, was previously invited to Geneva in 2008 to advise WH O on its Peers in Progress programme for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. is followed his sabbatical attachment, as a Fulbright Scholar, to the Unit of Non-communicable D iseases of the Pan American H ealth Organisation (PAHO) headquarters in Washington DC H e subsequently served as technical advisor to the PAH O project on Improvement Initiatives for D iabetes Management in the C aribbean. e latter included 10 territories: Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St L ucia, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. e specic goal of this project was to achieve real and sustained improvements in diabetes care in these countries. e Caribbean now benets from 14 technical reports, a major PAH O collaborative manual on diabetes education and the C aribbean C hronic Disease Passport, a patient-held medical record, which were developed out of this exercise. Hope and HealingMethanex pledges US $150,000 to Telehealth programme B rittney was born with congenital heart disease, club nger nails, blood-shot red eyesshe was unable to stand walk, run for any period of time, Jitendra Ramai, had his arms around his young daughter while he spoke about her illness a few weeks ago. L ike hundreds of others, he is grateful to e UWI Telehealth programme for the hope and healing the initiative gave to Brittney and the family. While reading a UWI publication, Jitendra came across an article that spoke about the programme, which since its launch in 2004, has helped children from 228 families with complicated medical needs including congenital defects of the bowel, heart, nervous system and other organs, as well as developmental problems such as paediatric cancer and blood disorders gain access to aordable, quality health care through telecommunications and videoconferencing technology. Aer surgery in 2008, Brittneys life changed. Now she can play with her dogs, ride her bike, enjoy a game of football and cricket with her friends. Without it, her Dad said, Brittney could not have done anything at all. We are so grateful. e UWI Telehealth programme, with oces located A beneciary: Roshan Sookoo (second from right in long sleeves), had surgery in 2006 in Canada through the Telehealth programme. Since the surgery, the 10-year-olds health has improved greatly and he now loves to play cricket and football. He is scheduled for follow-up surgery.at the Faculty of Medical Sciences, Eric Williams Medical Sciences C omplex (EWMSC) at Mt H ope, has benetted children with complicated medical conditions as well as health care practitioners. D r. H ilary L ee C azabon has been integral to the programme since inception. She recently explained that it is a great resource for physicians and surgeons at the C omplex who benet from consultations, second opinions and possibly referrals with tertiary institutions abroad. Doctors can also view and learn from medical rounds in other hospitals and in turn share their local experiences and expertise with those abroad. In March, Methanex Trinidad L imited pledged US$150,000 over the next three years in support of the programme. So far, there have been 223 consultations with local and international health care professionals and 19 children have benetted from free surgeries at e H ospital for Sick C hildren (SickKids), C anadas most research-intensive hospital and the largest centre dedicated to improving childrens health in C anada. ese surgeries have been paid for by the H erbie Fund at an estimated cost of US $1.6 million. e survival rate for those who have benetted from the programme is 100%. (AWH) When the Oce of Disaster Preparedness Management (OD PM) held a nationwide disaster management exercise called D ark Wave 2014, e UWI St Augustine CERT team was there to support again, providing triage for injured victims. is particular exercise involved the Disaster Unit of the Tunapuna-Piarco Regional C orporation (TPR C ) on March 26. Beginning at 11pm, it went on until 1am, and involved an overturned oil tanker on the southbound lane of the Uriah Butler H ighway. It was an excellent opportunity for the UWI CERT team to practice what they had learnt in the C ERT ( C ampus Emergency Response Training) programme 2013.CON TINUING ON THE ROAD TO DISAST ER READI NESS


SUNDAY 27TH APRIL, 2014 UWI TODAY 15 EDUCATION HEALTH Look out for the Encyclopedia of Caribbean Archaeology, by Basil Reid and R. Grant Gilmore III, which oers a comprehensive overview of the available archaeological research conducted in the region. Beginning with the earliest native migrations and moving through contemporary issues of heritage management, the contributors tackle standard questions of colonization, adaptation, and evolution while embracing newer research techniques, such as geoinformatics, archaeometry, paleodemography, DNA analysis, and seafaring simulations. The introduction includes a survey of the various archaeological periods in the Caribbean, as well as a discussion of the regions geography, climate, topography, and oceanography. It also oers a review of the prehistoric and historical archaeology, providing a better understanding of the cultural contexts of the Caribbean that resulted from the convergence of Native American, European, African, and then Asian settlers. Basil A. Reid is senior lecturer in archaeology at The UWI, St. Augustine and the author of Myths and Realities of Caribbean History. R. Grant Gilmore III is a freelance heritage management consultant on the board of the International Committee for Archaeological Heritage Management of the International Council on Monuments and Sites.All you ever wanted to dig up Check out P OWER T ALKSThe Institute for G ender and D evelopment Studies, UWI St Augustine hosted Women and Political Power: A Right to L ead on March 19. e event was a timely intervention into public aairs, raising critical questions and emerging themes from the current political landscape where gender issues have once again come to the fore. ere were three major points made by the speakers: (i) it is necessary for academics and members of the community to deconstruct the gendered nature of media coverage, (ii) womens experiences in politics gives insight into the ongoing unequal gender power relations in the C aribbean and (iii) the IG DS is committed to engaging the society with diverse stakeholders in developing informed analyses of current aairs. is event was a follow-up on a three-year research project between the International D evelopment Research C entre (I DRC ) and the C anadian H igh C ommission, titled Politics, Power and Gender Justice in the Anglophone C aribbean: Womens Understandings of Politics, Experiences of Political C ontestation and the Possibilities for Gender Transformation. All presentations may be found on our IG D S St Augustine YouTube page. e numbers are mind-boggling: toward the end of 2012 there were 35.3 million people across the world living with HIV. In the C aribbean an estimated 250,000 persons are living with HIV (UNAIDS 2013 Global Fact Sheet). It has aected millions and remains one of the most challenging diseases to manage. Since the beginning of the epidemic, almost 75 million people have been infected with the HIV virus and about 36 million people have died of HIV, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). e UWI Faculty of Medical Sciences has developed a regional programme to help improve the quality of life for those living with the virus. It has partnered with the International Training and Education C enter for H ealth (I-TE CH ), University of Washington, Seattle, USA, and the C aribbean H IVAI D S Regional Training Network ( CH ART) to oer the D iploma in the Management of HIV Infection. L ast year the rst cohort of twelve health care providers crossed the stage at e UWI Sport and Physical Education C entre to shake hands with C hancellor, Sir George Alleyne, and receive their certicates. ree of these UWI graduates gained distinctions. One of them, Ingrid Marcellin-Wiseman spoke of the importance of the part-time Diploma and its impact on the medical profession and those living with HIV. e management of H IV is a very complex one and so I was grateful for this course since it allowed me a greater understanding of the disease, mostly because it encompasses all aspects of HIV care and treatment and as such should be pursued by all medical personnel working in or with special interest in this eld of study. For UWI graduate Erica Joseph the programme provided, new and up-to-date information and knowledge, which was empowering. is should ideally lead to better health outcomes for HIV/AIDS clients under our care, and should enhance ones advocacy role when there are gaps in management or sub-optimal care, she added. Enrollment is now open and this D iploma in the Management of HIV Infection class of 2014-2015, will nd greater exibility in delivery of the material, as it will be a blended learning programme which combines online as well as face-to-face teaching in clinics. e enhanced delivery will ensure that the course is more accessible throughout the region by maximizing access for professionals working in the public sector, non-governmental organizations and commercial organizations. e deadline date for registration is July 18th and classes for the new semester begin on September 8th, 2014. e part-time, one year, blended learning programme oers courses in H IV treatment online as well as in the clinics of medical institutions. Students have the exibility to access the course material from anywhere in the world and at any time, while learning about the latest health care for HIV, from experts in the eld, Programme Coordinator, Professor Zulaika Ali explained recently. e modules or courses being taught include: H IV Epidemiology and Pathogenesis, HIV and the L aboratory for diagnosis, General Management of H IV Infection, H IV C o-infection and Related Issues, H IV and the H ealth System, HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health, Research Methods and D esign, D issertation and Practicum/ Preceptorship. (AWH)Diploma in M anagement of HIVApplication forms can be obtained at: UWI School of Graduate Study and Research, St. Augustine Campus. For more information please contact: Professor Zulaika Ali, Child Health Unit, Building 69, 1st Floor, EWMSC, Tel/Fax 868-662-9596


16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27th APRIL, 2014 UWI CAL END AR of E VENTSMAY AU G UST 2014UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for e University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. UWI TODAY welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. Please send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu C ONFERENCE ON THE E CONOMY C ALL FOR P APERS Deadline: August 31, 2014 The UWI St. Augustines D epartment of Economics Annual C onference on the Economy (C OTE) 2014 is scheduled for October 9-10, 2014, at the L earning Resource Auditorium (LRC), UWI St. Augustine C ampus. A call for papers has been issued and all interested persons are invited to submit abstracts by August 31 on any of the subthemes. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/conferences/14/cote/ M ORE T HAN J UST J A ZZ May 3, 2014 e UWI C aribbean C ontemporary Workshop featuring the D epartment of C reative and Festival Arts ( DC FA) Student Jazz Ensemble presents More an Just Jazz, at 7pm, at the D aaga Auditorium. Tickets are $50 for adults and $30 for students, and are available at the DC FA, Agostini Street, St Augustine. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar S ECOND C ONFERENCE ON H IGHER E DUCATION IN THE C ARIBBEAN II CCHE May 8-9, 2014 Regional Headquarters of The UWI, Kingston, Jamaica e conference will bring together presenters, facilitators and expert discussants from across the wider C aribbean and internationally to consider Best Practices in H igher Education: e Way Forward for the C aribbean. For further information, please contact lacc@uwimona.edu.jm P RE BUDGET F ORUM May 28, 2014 Fundraising and Alumni Affairs (FAA) Unit partners with e UWI D epartment of Economics, UWI Alumni Association T&T C hapter and the T&T Group of Professional Associations to host its Annual Pre-Budget Forum at Daaga Auditorium from 7pm. For further information, please contact FAA Unit at 224-3739 C REATING A C ULTURE OF T RANSPARENCY : REV ENUE R EPORTING June 5-6, 2014 e Trade and Economics D evelopment Unit (TE D U) of the UWI D epartment of Economics hosts a conference titled C reating a C ulture of Transparency: Revenue Reporting, at the H yatt Regency H otel, Port of Spain. is event is sponsored by bpTT. For further information, please visit http://sta.uwi.edu/conferences/14/revenue/index.asp F ORUM ON I NTERNET G OV ERNANCE May 1, 2014 The local section of IEEE (an Engineering organisation) together with ISO C -TT (an Internet organisation) and TTNI C (a D NS registry) will host a forum on Internet Governance on campus from 6.30pm-8.30pm, at Room 101, Faculty of Engineering Building. e forum is titled Internet Governance: What it is and why you should care. All interested persons are welcome to attend. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar C OMMONWEALTH S TUDY C ONFERENCE CSCLEADERS FOR S TUDENTS May 20-23, 2014 CS CL eaders for Students is a four-day programme which provides real and practical leadership experiences, broadens horizons and challenges participants to adapt and thrive in diverse situations. e conference takes place at the St Augustine campus, and the theme is What makes a city smart?. ere are 50 spots available and only tertiary level students may apply. For further information, please visit www.sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar T HE D AWN OF A KNIGHT 7pm, May 27, 2014 The Learning Resource Centre UWI, St Augustine C hancellor of The UWI, Sir George Alleyne will deliver the Sir Frank Worrell lecture commemorating the 50th anniversary of Sir Frank Worrells knighthood. H is lecture is titled Sir Frank Worrell: Of L egends and L eaders. All are welcome. For further information, please contact Ms Charmaine Joseph at 662-6013UWI T O DA Y WA N TS T O HE AR FR OM YO U