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UWI today
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TROUBLED MINDS The first space is heralded by the large, brooding silhouettes by Camille Harding and Michelle I sava. e gures are troubled, potentially violent gures. is is the impression of artist reviewer, Kenwyn Crichlow as he critiques the second exhibition put on last semester by the Visual Arts Unit of the DCFA at e UWI. e Interpretations of the Human Figure exhibition comprised over 60 items made of acrylic, oil and watercolour paints, graphite, charcoal, pastels, conte crayon, encaustic, ink, plexiglass and mixed media; with some items created with photographic processes, digital media and electronic printing on polyvinyl. It was mounted at the ASTT Gallery on the occasion of its 70th anniversary. On our cover is one of Camille Hardings pieces, My Ancestors, and inside, on our centerspread, we feature Crichlows review and some of the work that was on display. TRADITION 04Old Yard Today at the Gayelle UWI FETE 2014 10On the Road to Brazil Fete for Funds EDUCATION 14Stems and Trees Growing Young Minds SPORT 15Brace for it Its a Tough World


SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI TODAY 3 EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RIN CIP AL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECTO R OF MARKE TIN G AND C OMMUNICATIO NS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill D IRECTO R OF MARKE TIN G AND C OMMUNICATIO NS Ag.) Mrs. Wynell Gregorio E DITOR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh CO NTACT US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 83997 Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu Sport and Development FROM THE PRINCIPAL The further we go towards engaging multidisciplinary approaches to the research and teaching that we do here at the St Augustine campus, the more we are nding that it enriches the substance of our work. inking outside of the silos that have traditionally dened but limited the work of academia has enabled innovative perspectives that allow more holistic analyses and solutions. A ne example of this is the January conference which we hosted along with the First Citizens Sports Foundation. Broadly titled, Science, Higher E ducation and Business: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Sports Studies, R esearch and Development it was a project of the Sport and P hysical E ducation Centre (S PE C) under the auspices of our Deputy P rincipal, P rofessor R hoda R eddock. e pioneering conference brought practitioners of various disciplines together to share ndings that covered a wide range of issues pertaining to the development of sport and the ways sport can be integral to development. Over time, we will be featuring some of the fascinating presentations from this conference in the paper and you can judge for yourself what I mean. e UWI has long been associated with sportthe development of S PEC years ago under the watch of Dr Iva Gloudon, with the primary aim of marrying the ideas of sport and academia; our many sport-based programmes, such as the BSc, Masters, and the FIFA/CIES post-graduate Diploma in Sport Management as well as the Certicate in the Art and Science of Coaching, all delivered by the Faculty of Social Sciences; the recent T20 tournament; our annual half-marathon; and our broad support for engaging our communities and promoting healthy lifestyles through a wide variety of sporting activities that take place on our Campus on a daily basis are tangible evidence of this. R esearchers and practitioners in the discipline attest to the potential of sport to contribute to national and regional development; oen, excellent work is constrained by limited resources. But we will continue to work at enhancing our facilities and hopefully, one day soon, with public and private sector support, we will make the Jehue Gordon athletic track a reality at the UWI St Augustine Campus. Were condent though, that through sustained eorts to underscore the value of sport to development, we will be able to strengthen the sector and position more of our national and regional athletes, our sports practitioners and scholars at the very top in the international arena.CLEMEN T K. S AN KA TPro Vice Chancellor & Principal OUR CAMPUSe UWI S t A ugustine campus hosted a group of faculty members from Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, from January 30 to February 20, 2014. e visit was twofold, as it involved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the two institutions, and a Distinguished Open L ecture by P rofessor of E nglish, Dr Milla R iggio, that was Carnival related. P rof R iggio was instrumental in this visit as she has extensively focused her research since 1995 on Trinidad Carnival and was keen to have the P resident of Trinity College, Dr James Jones, have a rst-hand experience of their students time here and Trinidad Carnival. Dr Jones, who was also accompanied by his wife, Jan, was able to get a small but memorable taste when they attended the popular UWI Fete, Brasil on February 2. e contingent, which also included P rofessor of History, Dr Dario E uraque, renewed the MOU the following day at the Oce of the P rincipal, where P ro Vice-Chancellor and Campus P rincipal, P rofessor Clement Sankat signed on e UWIs behalf. L ater that evening, P rof R iggio, no stranger to Trinidad and Tobago, delivered her lecture to a packed audience at the L earning R esource Centre on Carnival Crossings: From ere to HereArkansas to Harvard to Trinidad. P rof R iggio currently coordinates the Trinity-in-Trinidad Study Abroad P rogramme, which is a student exchange programme that brings students from Trinity College to study at e UWI each year as well as sends UWI students to study at Trinity College on exchange. P rof R iggio is interested in expanding the areas of collaboration and while here, she met with the Film Department, the Department of Creative and Festival Arts, the L iterary, Cultural and Communication Studies Department, while P rof E uraque met with the Head of the History Department, Dr Heather Cateau. The discussions, started during two interactions in 2013 about the establishment of a presence for the longstanding Trinity in Trinidad at the St Augustine Campus, continued during the February visit and it was agreed that a long-term arrangement between both institutions should be developed for this purpose. It is expected that the physical presence of Trinity students and faculty on the St Augustine Campus will allow even greater engagement and cross-fertilization in T&T culture, music, literature and other areas where Trinity students and staff have done considerable work over the many years of their programme here. The first agreement for student exchange was signed by the two institutions in February 2010 for research and to enhance cultural cooperation.e TRINIT Y EX CH ANGE


4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 OUR STUDENTS OUR CAMPUSThe UWIs Department of Creative and Festival Arts (DCFA) invites you to our annual Carnival showcase: The Old Yard, from noon. Situated in the Gayelle at DCFA, Agostini Street, St. Augustinean actual yardthis has become one of the seasons signature events that oers dynamic mix of a journey into cultural history and a Carnival masquerade showcase within the format of a heritage fair. A special feature this year is the Barbados Landship Tickets for The Old Yard are $50 for adults and $30 for children. Schools group of 20 students plus one adult will enjoy an entrance fee of $600. The Tickets may be purchased from Department of Creative and Festival Arts Tel: 663-2222, 645-1955 (direct lines); 662-2002 ext. 83791/82510/82376 or email joseph.drayton@sta.uwi.edu Come to The Old Yard TODAY Movement. This group mimics the British Navy with performances that symbolize and reect the experiences of the middle passage during the transatlantic slave trade. For schoolchildren, there is the Mas Camp Corner, where they can create their own mas and be part of the jump-up for a small extra fee. The masquerade features traditional characters such as Bats, Minstrels and Burrokeets, the Midnight Robber, Dame Lorraine and many others including, the Blue Devils! What lessons have you learnt from your work as a Social Ambassador in your native Trinidad and Tobago that people in similar situations around the world might nd useful? I earned the title of Social Ambassador of the Ministry of the P eople and Social Development in December 2011. I took it upon myself to use this accolade to help carry forward the work I have been doing all my life. e title has empowered me and given me a voice to be heard, not only on a corporate or governmental level but also at grass roots level. e media has played a key role in empowering me to open the minds of parents of children with disabilities along with youths who have no inspiration or path to move on in life. I have also learnt through my interaction that the work done by governments and corporate bodies is not reaching the targeted groups. For instance parents of children with disabilities oen seek information through me on if their child can get an education or available therapist and how they go about accessing these intuitions (I too never had the opportunity to receive any form of therapy). Only when persons are directly in contact with marginalized groups in society are they receptive to receiving information; aer all humans are curious beings. erefore, marginalized groups need to be mainstreamed into society, especially persons with disability, so that all levels of society will gain an appreciation and understanding of these people in order to accept and accommodate these groups. What do you think most people misunderstand about Cerebral Palsy? Cerebral P alsy is misunderstood at all levels from experience. On a physical basis people perceive that all Cerebral P alsy cases are the same. Cerebral P alsy is damage to the cerebrum of the brain, and aects the motor skills. It aects each person who has it dierently. From my experience I have been able to use the physical ability I have been le with and adapt to real life situations. e complexity of the physical disability is not seen in a glance. e mind and ability to think is not aected; it develops on a par with everyone else unless the brain damage is more than just the cerebrum. P eople oen misunderstand our ability to learn and communicate. P ersons who are not directly aliated with a person who has Cerebral P alsy tend to judge them based on their physical appearance, for instance being shaky, or on a wheelchair. Our emotions and feelings as a person with Cerebral P alsy are just like anybody elses. Generally, our ability to contribute to society is misunderstood. S hamla M aharaj (le) with UNESC O Director-G eneral, I rina B okova (right) PHOTO UNESCO/E. URBANO S hamla M aharaj, winner of the A ward for M erit for Y outh Contribution in Trinidad and Tobago in 2010, is an inspirational youth leader. Despite being diagnosed with cerebral palsy as a young child, this UWI student holds a Bachelors of Science degree and a Masters degree, and in 2011 was named Trinidad and Tobagos Social Ambassador. She was invited to the 8th UNESCO Youth Forum, organized in P aris at the end of October 2013, to speak about her experiences, during a very moving speech, and her words were greeted by a unanimous standing ovation. UNESCOs media services compiled this interview with her. Do you feel like there are any unique challenges that young people face in the Caribbean? Young people are conditioned to think that they need to quote the already successful in society and use these norms to create their own success. ey have the view that being innovative is creating something physical; yet innovation can be setting examples, such as simply mainstreaming marginalized groups and accommodating them. In the Caribbean marginalized youths along with youths who are associated with marginalized groups are oen stigmatized. Young people class their peers in two groups: either they can do something or they cannot do it.


SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI TODAY 5 ENERGY 2nd C ARIBBEAN C OMPETITIVENESS FORUM MARCH 18-19, 2014 A s the Caribbean continues to struggle with declining growth, finding niches offering comparative and competitive advantages is the new economic imperative. Finding ways to do it is equally important. e second Caribbean Competitiveness Forum, organised by the Caribbean Centre f or Competitiveness, SA L IS E S, UWI, in partnership with the Caribbean E xport Development Agency and the P rivate Sector Organisation of Jamaica on March 18-19th 2014 explores ways forward for regional competitiveness through Clusters, Global Value Chains and Innovation. This forum, N ew Innings: Competitiveness through Global Value Chains, Clustering and Innovation, promises to debunk myths and stimulate the creative juices towards engaging the possibilities that exist in new growth industries with increasing global growth trends. For regional policy makers, private sector practitioners, consultants and academics, the Jamaica P egasus is the place to be for these two days! Amongst the goodies being served is the story of L evi R oots, Jamaican-born, UK citizen who made the big time in 2007 when his R eggae R eggae Sauce, a delightful mix of barbecue and jerk sauce, won an exclusive contract to be carried in Sainsburys stores across Britain. Come and be served this tantalising feast by the chef himself! Hear how he embraced venture capital investment and how he continues to move his product range up the global value chain to stay competitive. E xplore with Dr Clive Muir practical models of culinary tourism; the Manifesto for the Nordic Kitchen (Denmark) and the 20,000 ai Restaurant Abroad project (ailand). Hear how these compare to the People-to-People program (Bahamas), plantation and farm tours (Jamaica). Yes we have the basis for culinary tourism, but do we have the will to make it happen? L isten to experts on how Jamaica is preparing for the 12,500 TEU ships that will be passing through the P anama Canal in 2015 to become the transhipment and air cargo logistics hub of the western hemisphere. This is a must-attend for regional policy makers and practitioners in this eld. For policy makers, institutions, private sector organisations and rms engaged in charting development pathways for new productive sectors, it provides access to a series of cluster and global value chain case studies in areas such as eco-tourism, medical tourism, alternative energy and food and beverage. To crown the event, regional rms will share the nuts and bolts of rm competitiveness. For a preview of the full dra agenda and registration information visit our website at www.uwi.edu/ccfc or contact CCfCs Secretariat at (868) 662-2002 Ext. 83938/84135/85481 or ccfc@sta.uwi.edu for further details. Find out whats B EYOND TH E S OLU T IONSL evi R oots


6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 NEW PROGRAMME OUR CAMPUSE NGINEERING A SSE T M ANAGEMEN Te U nited Kingdom-based Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) has granted accreditation to the Msc in Engineering Asset Management (EAM), oered by the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing E ngineering at e UWIs Faculty of Engineering. is means that all the Departments three undergraduate programmes and four of its Masters programmes are now fully accredited by IMechE. Students completing an IMech E accredited degree are deemed to have met, part or all, of the academic requirements for registration as a Chartered or Incorporated E ngineer, and are in a strong position to move on to achieve professional engineering status aer a period of initial professional development in industry, says the IMechE. E ngineering Asset Management is an inter-disciplinary eld that combines the technical issues of asset reliability, safety and performance with nancial and managerial skills. In todays environment, that is an essential combination for both sustainability and competitiveness. According to P rofessor Chanan Syan of the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing E ngineering at The UWI, E AMs emphasis is on applying holistic, systematic and risk-based processes to decisions concerning the physical assets of an organization. He explains that physical assets include buildings and xed plant, mobile equipment and civil, electrical and mechanical infrastructure. e domain of EAM is the As part of its commercialization plan, The UWI St Augustine campus welcomed Cold Stone Creamery on its premises, where they have been operating since December. The Creamery, located opposite the UWI Food Court, oers a range of ice cream products. Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat officially opened the branch on January 31, and quickly got into the spirit of things, donning a visor and two scoops to dish himself out a treat. Ice cream, anyone?optimization of the value of the investments in physical assets of the company. This would seem to be eminently sensible if one considers the enormous amounts of money invested in these assets in capital intensive enterprises he says. However, it is only in recent times that attention has been paid by higher echelons of management to this opportunity. Clearly, getting the best out of the assets in terms of their ability to support corporate objectives, extend useful life, and minimize costs, has a direct benecial impact on the bottom line. He said that recognizing this value has meant that organizations now pay much more attention to this discipline and its practitioners. It has also meant that an asset manager must now have a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical skills in a range of engineering and management areas. Citing examples of sectors which have beneted from adopting EAM, such as petrochemical, process, energy and general engineering and manufacturing, Professor Syan noted that these sectors have high levels of investment in assets and therefore require high levels of availability and reliability at lowest costs. He said that Caribbean countries are now in a development phase where the majority of their industrial and economic activities comprise of procuring plant and assets, and using these to produce value-added products and services locally and internationally. He noted that there has been no capacity building in EAM regionally and so, most organizations have had to rely on oshore expertise. He is condent that the MSc programme developed by his departmentthe first certified one of its kind regionallywill develop the needed skills. Basically, it consists of nine compulsory courses, three electives and an industrial project. The courses include Strategic Asset Management; Asset Management Technologies; Work P lanning and Scheduling; Condition Monitoring and Diagnostics; Maintenance Analysis and Optimization; Maintainability E ngineering and Management; Asset R eliability Management; Human R esource Management; R esearch Methods; Asset P erformance Management; R eliability Centered Maintenance; P roject Management; Health, Safety and the Environment; Total Quality Management and a nal project. Applications for the next intake close on February 28, 2014 for all postgraduate study and undergraduate applications are open until March 31, 2014. For further information, please contact the Production Engineering and Management Oce, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, e Faculty of Engineering, UWI, St Augustine campus. Telephone: 6622002, Ext. 82067.U W I S T A FF ON NA T IONAL EN V IRONMEN T AL ASSESSMEN T T AS K F OR C Ee members of the N ational Environmental Assessment Task Force ( NE ATF) were ocially presented with their L etters of Appointment by Senator the Honourable, Ganga Singh, Minister of the Environment and Water R esources on February 7, 2014 at the Ministry of the E nvironment and Water R esources Conference R oom, P ort of Spain. e Task Force has been established to oversee all activities that are necessary to address the environmental impacts of the oil spills at the P etroleum Company of Trinidad and Tobago ( PE T R OT R I N ) aecting the coastline of the South West P eninsula of Trinidad and Tobago. e force will also provide guidance to the E nvironmental Management Authority as a lead agency in the clean-up eorts. Appointed members of the N ational E nvironmental Assessment Task Force: Front row, middle: Minister of the E nvironment and Water R esources, Senator the Honourable Ganga Singh. From le (front row) Dr R ahanna Juman Institute of Marine Aairs, P rofessor Indar R amnarine, ChairmanInstitute of Marine Aairs, Dr Allan Bachan, Chairman E nvironmental Management Authority, Ms Christine Chan A Shingh, DirectorFisheries Division, Ministry of Food P roduction. Back row from left: Mr Jalaludin KhanN ational Trust of Trinidad and Tobago, Dr Akenath Misir, P rincipal Medical OcerEnvironmental Health, Ministry of Health, Mr N eil Alleyne, Head of P etroleum E ngineeringUniversity of Trinidad and Tobago, P rofessor John Agard, P ollution and E nvironmental Control e University of the West Indies, Dr Darryl BanjooInstitute of Marine Aairs and Mr N igel Darwent Deputy Chairman, Trinidad and Tobago P etroleum Company L imited (NP).


8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 RE VIEW The intention of this paper is to comment on the Interpretations of the Human Figure exhibition, a recent outreach project of the Visual Arts Unit of the DCFA at e UWI. is is the second exhibition organized this semester. e rst exhibition in October, Visual Interpretations of Body/Institution/Memory was a contribution to the symposium Caribbean Intransit. In that rst event, the DCFA curated the work of eight alumni who are raising questions about the body in a variety of media, techniques and materials. The exhibition, despite disrupting our teaching studios, did not attract much of an audience. As a consequence, this second exhibition at the ASTT Gallery in its seventieth anniversary year was an opportunity not to be missed. Visual artists need a place to see and be seen by a critical audience. e exhibition Interpretations of the Human Figure of December 2013 has its origins in the earlier excitement the DCFA 25th Anniversary E xhibition of December Interpretations of the H uman Figure and the Visual A rts A lumniBY KENWYN CRICHL OW Visual artists need a place to see and be seen by a critical audience.2012. At that time, the curatorial committee committed to hosting annual themed exhibitions, which were envisaged as promotional platforms for the artwork of alumni, students and sta. As a consequence, this rst themed exhibition Interpretations of the Human Figure sought to focus on the human gure, its form, the physicality of its presence, its compulsions. It was themed ambitiously, to explore the nature of being and function of the gure as a form in art. e human gure is the paradigmatic subject/object for representing human concerns. Its depiction is both means and end in a process for drawing out social concerns about identity, intimacy, as well as for tapping into the collective unconscious of individuals and groups. e artistic purpose of depicting the gure is rooted in the technical, materialbased cultures, rooted in systems of observing and providing insight to the problems of proportion, scale and the function of material form in art. eory apart, the Interpretations of the Human Figure exhibition comprised over 60 items made of acrylic, oil and Tara B hajan: Plumes D arron S mall: E rzulie Wasia Ward: Full of G race


SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI TODAY 9 Interpretations of the H uman Figure and the Visual A rts A lumniBY KENWYN CRICHL OW Visual artists need a place to see and be seen by a critical audience. Knights large paintings, aspires to be real and true and honest depictions of the female gure. e sculpture and the paintings set out an attitude and presence that explore inner reality as the dominant concern of the exhibition. Accordingly, this second space emerges as an arena for competing representations, in which the viewer can observe the contest for the representation of the female gure. It presents the drawings of R ajendra R amkelawan, Kern P ierre, R ichard R ampersad, Ian ompson, N aje Hart, L uke L ashleyyoung men who have chosen to pose their female gures as svelte shapes; elegant, with polished textures and even temperaments. eir drawings are of babes, tactile, potentially fertile, available, constructs of seductive curves and secret crevices, gments for adoration that undulate into the visual pleasure and consumption of fantasy. e interpretations of the men collide with those of Aisha and Sarah; setting o a contest between perception and reality. e men circle notions of visual pleasure and sensual fantasy. e women are concerned with interpretations of female reality, which they oer as reections on personal experience. Aisha oers a realistic depiction of a woman much like herself, a gure that has borne children and bears the marks of her living. Sarahs gures have a sense of anxiety and inner turmoil that is both acute and multifaceted. Her gures assume amazingly uid poses; each interpretation looks completely dierent from one moment to the next. Together, Aisha and Sarah create narratives of deep and delicate emotion. Yet, as fragile and fearful and striving as these are, their interpretations convey very real notions of our humanity. watercolour paints, graphite, charcoal, pastels, conte crayon, encaustic, ink, plexiglass and mixed media; with some items created with photographic processes, digital media and electronic printing on polyvinyl. Most of the exhibits were two-dimensional drawings, except that Michael L ee P oy oered four shadow boxes comprising photographs in a bas-relief. Aisha P rovoteaux oered a free-standing, life-size gure paper sculpture. Marisa R amdeen showed a quarter scale clay head, and R oger McCollin installed his electronic system invented for digital construction of the gure. e facts of number and range of material, however, do not fully explain the scale of the exhibition. e ASTT Gallery, in its space-saving layout of walls, oers views of no more than 20 feet between the entrance and back wall. As a consequence, the architecture and layout of the small, white room participates very prominently in exhibitions. In this instance, the space anchors the exchanges between the artists and the audience in an intimate visual dialogue. Of course, nothing diminishes the power of direct observation, and the short distances between artworks unmask several challenges of interpretation. It is precisely because of the variable ways in which the gures and space can be interpreted that much can be seen in this exhibition. e exhibition is installed in three open-plan units, each a viewing space owing into the next, each bringing to focus the interpretations that dominate the exhibition. e rst space is heralded by the large, brooding silhouettes by Camille Harding and Michelle Isava. e gures are troubled, potentially violent gures. E ach is male and posed, standing in shallow, indeterminate pictorial spaces, isolated. ere is an ambiguous disquiet among these gures. ey are in states of psychological crises and ll the gallery with an un-nerving presence. ese dark drawings stand in stark contrast to those by Kamillah Jackson, Marisa R amdeen and Darron Small, whose interpretations are a delight of technical prowess. Kamillah Jackson, for example conveys her ideas about the sleeping gure in foreshortened poses, a technical challenge she meets with dexterity and close observation. Marisa R amdeens self-portraits are traditional compositions, but to avoid sentimental vanity are written upon and embedded with words of personal signicance. e drawings in this space are for intellectual delectation, neat, nely craed and purposeful. In this regard Darron Small displays an uncommon grasp of the function of light and shade in the uses of various drawing media. Generally, light and shade techniques dominate the exhibition. L ight is applied as a tool for highlighting the tone and mood of the gures. Shade is for constructing the volume and character of form. Darrons use of the biro, drawing pen and mixed media is so wonderfully light-handed that drawing is for him a way of nuancing eye-catching characterizations. His drawings are portraits of visual pleasure and are distinct from E lsa Carrington-Clarkes six line drawings. E lsas drawings are amusing, nonchalant. Her use of line rising and falling between gesture and contour is a feat of handand-eye coordination that oers a way of seeing the gure as from a corner of the eye. e transition into the second space is abrupt. e life-sized gure sculpture by Aisha P rovoteaux evokes a feeling of naturalness. It is a self-portrait, but conveys a physicality and an apprehension of space that is hard to describe. It is a shocking work that, in context with Sarah is second space is an arena for cultural debate about the politics of gender and representation. It is a provocative space. e interpretations of the gures have undertones that demonstrate the great divide between idealism and realism. e human gure is what it is, and in these interpretations the viewer discovers that acceptance of ones identity is an elemental dynamic of our humanity. e third space is loud, full of opinion, challenging media and aesthetic controversy. Among the standouts here is Alex Kellys Apple a day, an enigmatically grotesque gure eating the apple icon. It is shown with Shalini Singhs Cameo: David a profile, she romanticizes in a detail of Michelangelos famous sculpture. In the tumult of the installation, Shalinis optimistic view juxtaposed to Alexs darkly ironic portrait, excavates the connected world. ey present the collision of ideas as potent forces that are discussed only sporadically in the cosseted, entertained and friended cyber-world. According to Alex Kelly, we are tragically unaware of the poisoned apple that makes the world vulnerable to disruption as we are never more than a hairs breadth from. e Apple we eat today will not keep the doctor away and save the world from the monstrous spectre of machine domination. R oger McCollins electronic installation is a machine; it uses the smart technologies of touch on an electronic interface to show a way the female figure may be constructed. His application of interactive media oers the viewer opportunities to draw your own gure in the style of glossy pop-culture magazines. R ogers invention raises questions about the status of the hand-made artifact and the use of new digital media and technologies to make interpretations. Similarly, Michael L ee P oys shadow boxes are nely craed items made of local woods and glass. But they are peepholes, which he traps under glass in an amusing satire about a pattern of consumption by the media porn industry of female bodies as erotic material. e other standout in this space is the collaboration between Gerrel Saunders and Wasia Ward, they have oered a gure constructed of symbols derived from Mehndi drawings as a print on polyvinyl. P erhaps more than any other visual art, the public exhibition of concerns about the human gure is handicapped by lack of opportunities. Drawings of the human gure in particular are limited to student exhibitions. ey are rarely collected and worse, are typically thought of as preliminary work. As this review has hopefully demonstrated, themed exhibitions have much to oer the evolution of thought and process in the visual arts of this 21st century. Kenwyn Crichlow is an artist and a lecturer at the Department of Festival and Creative Arts, e UWI, St Augustine.S arah Knights: U ntitled Michael L ee Poy: S leep S eries #3 S abrina S inanan: N ude 1


10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI FETE 2014 E nthusiastic patrons, adorned with Brazilian ags, lled e UWI St. Augustine Campus to enjoy the sold-out UWI Fete 2014, on February 2. E ager to Discover Brasil, they swarmed the various booths to take photos on a replica of the world-famous steps of R io de JaneiroEscadaria Selarn and to collect numerous promotional giveaways and samples. e air was fragrant with the smells from the endless array of food stations featuring Brazilian delicacies such as Salada de Feijo com Tomate e Cebola (Brazilian Salad) and Feijoada (Brazilian Black Bean Stew) amongst other dishes. Of course, the premium drinks owed. e annual UWI Fete is the main fundraiser for the UWI Development and Endowment Fund, nancing over 500 bursaries for students. is 24th edition of the fete, treated patrons to performances by Black Stalin, David R udder, Dil-e-nadan, Imij and Company, KI & JMC3veni, R oy Cape All Stars, and the St James Tripolians. P romptly at noon, music lled the air from both of the stages, located on opposite ends of the grounds of the Oce of the Campus P rincipal. P atrons alternated between the two stages as the evening progressed to enjoy the sounds of the diverse performances. And with the Discover Brazil series of travel adventures getting ready to take o in August, revelers can look forward to yet another taste of Brazil. Photographers Benedict Cupid, Yohann Govia and Aneel Karim brought back loads of photos from UWI Fete Brasil, and if youd like to see more, check us on Flickr.




12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 THEATRESailors, hookers and drunksa wartime romp! Or is it? Dr Efebo Wilkinsons award-winning play, Same Khaki Pants, will be produced by The UWI and opens on April 3 at the Learning Resource Centre (LRC) at the St. Augustine Campus, where it runs until April 6. It will then move to the Little Carib Theatre for the weekend of April 10-13. Working the rehearsal process with the actors, Dr Wilkinson guides them into their roles. What do you think might have caused them to leave the Santi Doux [rumshop] and pick a ght? he asks. As playwright and director, he insists on focus, and as the ght and its trigger get physical, he charts the engagement, saying, Yuh cyah go from so (limp, arms dident) into a ght. You have to be prepared. It is Intro to Life Skills, where daily we nd ourselves ghting up to get a little end somewhere. For us, preparedness could be mental toughness, or spirituality, or education. The situation wasnt much dierent in 1945 wartime, the era in which the play is set. Same Khaki Pants is a story about what happened during the days when the Wallereld base was in operation, and there were American army men on the base, and its negative impacts on Arima, explains Dr Wilkinson. The story is seen through Squeezys eyesthe town drunkand this is in a sense symbolic of the rum and CocaCola lifestyle of the period. When Same Khaki Pants was written in 1980 it was a pointed commentary on the Trinidad and Tobago lifestyle of the day, he said. Oil money was owing like yankee dollars and liquor was flowing like yankee money. And significantly, today, now that it is being revived, it is once again a very pointed commentary on the Trinidad and Tobago of today. Dr Wilkinson hopes audiences will connect the dots between what was happening then and what is happening now to come away with the beauty of the story and the sense of how it unfolds. The play won the playwriting award (Best Village, 1980), the original play award (National Drama Association of Trinidad and Tobago, 1985), and the International Amateur Theatre Association production award, the Mundial, in Monaco in 1985. Please note that showtimes are all at 8pm, except for Sundays when they are at 6pm. More than GUN TALKS t A ugustine Campus Principal, Professor Clement S ankat receives the $40,000 cheque from N obel L aureate D erek Walcott.PHOTO: UWI FACUL TY OF HUMANITIES AND EDUCA TIONI n D ecember, N obel L aureate D erek Walcott presented a $40,000 cheque to e UWI St Augustine Campus P rincipal, P rofessor Clement Sankat to go towards the establishment of a scholarship for students enrolled in the eatre Arts programme at the university. is was possible through the proceeds from the highly successful production of Walcotts play O Starry Starry Night which was staged in N ovember 2013 at the Central Bank Auditorium in Trinidad. E ach year for the next ve years, a eatre Arts student at the Department of Creative and Festival Arts will be awarded a scholarship to assist with studies tenable at e UWI. A similar scholarship has been established at the University of E ssex, E ngland, where the play, which is written by Walcott, and features Wendell Manwarren, Brian Green and Martina L aird, premiered in May 2013. In N ovember, two members of the international cast, David Tarkenter assisted by Michael P rokopiou also held an Actors Workshop for 20 UWI and University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT) students at the St Augustine Campus. Derek Walcott was awarded the N obel P rize for L iterature in 1992. Born in Castries, St L ucia, on January 23, 1930, his rst published poem, 1944 appeared in e Voice of St. Lucia when he was fourteen years old, and consisted of 44 lines of blank verse. By the age of nineteen, Walcott had selfpublished two volumes. He later attended The University of the West Indies, having received a Colonial Development and Welfare scholarship, and in 1951 published the volume Poems. Walcotts honors also include a MacArthur Foundation genius award, a R oyal Society of L iterature Award, and, in 1988, the Queens Medal for P oetry presented by HRH Queen E lizabeth II. His latest works include White Egrets (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2010), Selected Poems (2007), e Prodigal: A Poem (2004), and Tiepolos Hound (2000). e founder of the Trinidad eatre Workshop, Walcott has also written several plays produced throughout the United States and E urope including e Odyssey: A Stage Version (1992); e Isle is Full of Noises (1982); Remembrance and Pantomime (1980); e Joker of Seville and O Babylon! (1978). His play Dream on Monkey Mountain won the Obie Award for distinguished foreign play of 1971. He founded the Boston P laywrights eatre at Boston University in 1981. DEREK WAL C OTT eatre Arts Scholarship


SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI TODAY 13 BOOKS If students are the future of a nation, are intuition and speculation sucient to determine their future? Are schools prepared for responsible decisionmaking through the use of data? Why should schools strive to become datadriven in their decisionmaking? The use of data to make decisions is not new either to the business or the education sector. However, both micro and macro policy-making in education have not shown evidence of the thorough and widespread use of such decisionmaking, either nationally, regionally or internationally. Dr Jennifer Yamin-Ali, lecturer and programme coordinator at the School of Education of The UWI, has written a book on this subject, Data-Driven DecisionMaking in Schools: Lessons from Trinidad, published in January 2014 by Palgrave MacMillan. This book presents research ndings from a project Dr Yamin-Ali undertook in ve secondary schools in Trinidad. It captures the status of data-driven decision-making in some schools in Trinidad, and presents case studies of ve secondary schools which are considered to be prestigious. Each chapter reports on a separate case representing a concern articulated by each school. The ve concerns are: Research Before Action Are schools studying their lessons? the challenge of maintaining school culture in a traditional school setting student stress at the sixth form level male adolescents conceptions of success and perceptions of their school experiences subject selection at the secondary school level re-masculinising the boys school This book, ideal for teachers and school administrators, describes the process used to initiate the journey from articulation of the concern to collection of the data. Schools challenged by insucient knowledge or skills in research will benet from seeing how the collegial relationship between university faculty and school can be a constructive one. The role of the guide or facilitator, and the role of the teacher-as-researcher are evident in the elaboration of each study. All ve case studies include detailed ndings under each of the ve concerns outlined above. The chapters are useful not only for the research process, but for the perennial and recurring issues explored, common to schools worldwide over time. The literature reviews presented in each case also immerse the reader in a deeper understanding of the issue within the framework of education internationally. The book opens with an account of the experiences, knowledge, skills and views of teachers and administrators in the ve schools in the context of the case studies. It describes the research capability and potential for data driven decision-making in these schools, using participants voices and statistics. Many practitioners in the eld will be able to relate to the ndings presented in this account. Data-Driven Decision-Making in Schools: Lessons from Trinidad is available in e-copy from providers including Amazon Kindle, Google eBooks, Ebooks.com, Nook, Kobo, Ingram Digital, DawsonEra, Ebrary, EBSCO and My iLibrary. Hard-cover copies are available from amazon.com and from www.palgrave.com.Dr Jennifer Y amin-AliPHOTO: SAFIYA ALFONSOOn January 21, 2014 His Excellency, Wonkun Hwang, Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to Trinidad and Tobago, handed over a collection of books on Korean history, culture, art, religion, people and literature to the Campus Principal, Pro Vice-Chancellor, Professor Clement Sankat and the University and Campus Librarian, Jennifer Joseph. S ome of the donated books on display. PHOTOS: JULIET CHAN WING K OREAN SEEDSThe Ambassador shared his vision that The UWI would serve as the centre of Korean studies in the Caribbean. It made him feel like a farmer, sowing small seeds of Korean studies in Trinidad and Tobago, he said, as he expressed the hope that large trees of mutual understanding and interest would grow from these seeds. PVC Sankat said that The UWI was concerned about producing not only a distinctive, information-literate graduate but global citizens, and that access to the books by students facilitated the achievement of that objective.From le: E ric M aitrejean, A cting Director of the Centre for L anguage L earning; His E xcellency, Wonkun Hwang; Campus Principal, Professor Clement S ankat and Director of the I nstitute of I nternational R elations, Professor A ndy Knight.


14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 EDUCATION Just under a year ago, in April 2013, 100 teachers from 25 pre-primary, primary and secondary schools throughout Trinidad got involved with an education project known as ST E M (Science, Technology, E ngineering and Mathematics), a partnership with BG T&T, and e UWIs School of E ducation (SO E ) in collaboration with the Ministry of E ducation e project was born to address concerns about low student performance in these areas, and was hoped to raise awareness about ST E M education. It was designed and managed by the Continuing P rofessional Development and Outreach Unit of the SO E and involved mathematics and science educators there. is Unit extends the SO E s outreach through teacher professional development workshops and programmes as well as special projects, such as this STEM education programme. While the nal goal was to boost student interest in the subjects and provide an environment for creativity and innovation to ourish, the rst major activity was training teachers. is was followed by a period of mentorship using online technology. e second major activity involved an intervention in the schools with the trained teachers. PHOTOS: SCHOOL OF EDUCA TION 22 S CH OOLS C OM P L E T E D THE JOURNEYAll in One Child Development Centre (Beetham) El Socorro North Govt ECCE Centre Las Cuevas ECCE Centre Maloney ECCE Centre Valsayn ECCE Centre Beetham Government Primary School Belmont Girls R.C. Primary School Bethlehem Boys R.C. Primary School Eshes Learning Centre Mayaro (St Thomas) R.C. Primary School Mayaro Government Primary School St Marys Anglican Primary School William Webb Memorial Baptist Primary School Bishops Anstey Girls High (East) School El Dorado West Secondary School Mayaro Secondary School Queens Royal College St Georges Secondary School St Stephens College Success/Laventille Composite SWAHA Hindu School Trinity East Secondary School e nal step was the STEM Childrens Conference, held over two days in mid-January, at the JFK Auditorium and Quadrangle, UWI, St Augustine. e event was truly unique as 62 teachers and their 1200 students from the 22 schools presented ST E M projects. ese had been completed during the September-December school term as part of the scheduled curriculum in Mathematics, Science, and IT. Children at the pre-primary, primary and secondary levels shared their experiences and made live scheduled presentations in front of their peers. As students demonstrated either the process of deciding on the product on display or even the features of the product itself, they spoke condently of what they did or what they had learnt. In addition to the childrens projects, there were several other STEM-related events. The campus grounds were ablaze with the vibrant colours of the dierent school uniforms of the 3+ to 17+ students who presented or visited on those days. e energy and excitement was surpassed only by the brilliant sunshine and the ambience of the JFK area, the quadrangle and the greens. In the open areas, students explored the physiology of movement with Zumba as others matched the physics involved with using stilts with two live colourful Moko Jumbies. N earby, the UWI Robotics in E ducation team kept other groups of children engrossed in the technology of the robots displayed. In yet another area, students excitedly drew pictures of their ST E Maginator scientist. e BG Science Bus and N IH ER ST also had very interactive sessions that explored a wide range of science and mathematics concepts. Simultaneously, in the E ngineering L ecture eatre and two other presentation areas, groups of students from the presenting classes made formal presentations of their projects that were on display in booths beautifully set up in tents and the JFK Auditorium. Students, as presenters, explained to their peers how they brainstormed their project ideas aer identifying a problem. ey condently outlined the science and mathematics that they had learnt Dr Maria Byron is Coordinator of the Outreach Unit at the School of Education, which worked on this STEM Project. e team included: Dr Sabeerah Abdul-Majied, Dr Vimala Kamalodeen, Dr Zhanna Dedovets, Dr Joycelyn Rampersad, Mrs Juliana Alexander, Mrs Laila Boisselle, Mrs Nalini Ramsawak-Jodha, Mrs Sandra Figaro-Henry and Mrs Nicolin Moore.B rainstorms in TeacupsSTEM Childrens Conference Blows e Mind BY MARIA BYR O Nwhile designing and developing their products. These verbal presentations were truly inspiring and spoke to the achievements of these students and the dedication of their teachers. Without doubt, there is need to put the children centre stage more oen; and what a better place than at e UWI! Over the two days, more than 4500 children and an estimated 500 teachers, parents and members of the public attended. is high attendance would not have been possible without the assistance of Corporal Williams and his team from the Transport Division of the P olice Service and by Defence Force volunteers, members of the Cadet Force and the Civilian Conservation Corps. On behalf of my team at the SO E, I wish to thank all those who generously enabled this project.


SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI TODAY 15 SPORT Dr Katija Khan, Lecturer in Clinical Psychology at the Psychiatry Unit, Clinical Medical Sciences, UWI, presented a version of this paper at the January conference, Science, Higher Education and Business: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Sports Studies, Research and Development. Jointly arranged by e UWI, First Citizens Sports Foundation and e Sports Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited, the conference was designed to initiate discourse on both the development of sports and the use of sport for development. ey N otTOUG HL I K E WEWinning with Mental ToughnessBY K ATIJA KHANThe 4 Cs of Mental ToughnessCONTR OL Life Control: I have control over what happens to me. I can shape my destiny. Emotional Control: I can manage my and others emotions CHALLENGE Lifes obstacles are challenges to be met rather than threats. I will push myself to try harder. COMMITMENT I am fully involved and will give it my best shot. Ill do what it takes to achieve my goals. CONFIDENCE Ability: I can do it or I can acquire the skills to do it. Interpersonal: I can inuence others. I can stand my ground when needed. U sain B olts iconic posturing, Mohammed Alis braggadocious repartee, George Bovells composed steadfastness and Brian L aras stylistic staminawhat do they have in common? L ong before psychologists coined a term for it, the best athletes knew that success required more than tness and skill. at extra edge was not physical, but mental. As John Hall puts it, e tness must be there, but the mind is paramount to performance. So where does this extra edge come from? What do the four athletes mentioned all manifest? e answer is mental toughness. It is what makes an athlete succeed despite odds that might defeat another. The concept of mental toughness has become increasingly popular in sports in the past couple of decades. Despite its growing ubiquity in the sports arena, mental toughness is still thought to be poorly conceptualised. In their book, Developing Mental Toughness, Clough and Strycharczyk describe it as the quality which determines in large part how people deal eectively with challenge, stressors and pressure... irrespective of prevailing circumstances. Mental toughness should not be confused with extraversion or amboyance. ere are four components: Control (L ife and Emotions), Commitment, Challenge and Condence (interpersonal and ability). All four Cs conspire to make the athlete mentally tough. R esearch has consistently shown that mental toughness in athletes is associated with performance, aspirations, physical endurance, pain tolerance, coping, well-being and optimism. In one study which looked at rehabilitation, athletes with higher mental toughness believed they were less susceptible to further injury and were better able to cope with pain. ey also had better attendance at rehabilitation sessions and better adherence to procedures both at the clinic and while at home. So, are people born mentally tough? e answer is both yes and no. Some people may have a personality that inclines them to be more mentally tough but this does not mean you either have it or not. Mental toughness is what is called a plastic personality trait; this means that it is amenable to change and we can develop it in persons. ey can be trained to recognize, deal with and cope more eectively with stress in their lives. At UWI, we are interested in nding out how this concept applies to our local and regional athletes and how it can best be used by psychologists, coaches, trainers and athletes. We chose a measurethe Mental Toughness Questionnaire (MTQ-48) that was derived through extensive international research and set out to validate it in Caribbean athletes. In the rst part of the research project, we looked at male footballers at dierent levels of competition: the P ro-L eague and the E astern (ird) Division. e athletes lled out questionnaires on resilience and athletic coping skills and also gave a self estimate of their mental toughness. In addition we had coaches complete a Coach R ating Scale for each athlete. Players in the P roL eague had slightly higher levels of mental toughness than players in the lower division, and this is consistent with other research that suggests mental toughness increases with the level of competition. As expected, resilience was strongly associated with mental toughness, as the concepts are related. Coach ratings and self estimates were also good predictors of mental toughness. is shows that players have a good sense of their own level of mental toughness. However, when examined in more detail, player estimates were only associated with the component on Control of E motions. is suggests a narrow conceptualization by players and represents an avenue for further development, to make them aware of the dierent components and why these are also critical to success. We also looked at the relationship between education and years playing football with mental toughness. E xperience was not related to mental toughness but education was associated with two components: Challenge and Commitment. This is also a critical finding as it suggests that athletes who have had limited schooling may need further training and development through honing their ability to deal positively with obstacles and improve their stick-ability, that is, committing to their work and goals. ese initial results are very promising as they help identify areas that can distinguish low and high mentally tough athletes. e study is ongoing and the next steps are to look at mental toughness in female athletes, other sport disciplines and also to compare British and Caribbean athletes to see if there are cultural dierences in mental toughness. Mental toughness is an important concept that can be used to develop and enhance athletes performance, wellbeing and aspirations. Our ongoing research will help to rene its use and applicability in the Caribbean. Finally, as the Brazil World Cup finals approach, memory harkens back 25 years, to the excruciating near miss of the Strike Squads eorts to reach the nals of the Italy World Cup. Despite the outcome, few will deny the teams (and the ensuing redemptive Soca Warriors) embodiment of the four Cs of mental toughness. Indeed, we (Caribbean academics and researchers) are only now beginning to fully investigate this essence that was captured so insightfully in Sound R evolutions classic song: Football Dance. ey believe them ah rough (x2) But they not tough like we (x2) Cause anytime we come, we come dangerous And anytime we come we come cantankerous Trinbago is so good we make them so nervous Cause when we have to play we make them fraid of us Football Dance, Sound Revolution, 1989


16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 23RD FEBRUARY, 2014 UWI CALENDAR of EVENTSJANUARY AP RIL 2014UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for e University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co L td, 22-24 St Vincent Street, P ort of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. U W I T ODAY W ANT S T O HEAR F ROM YOUUWI TODAY welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. P lease send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu DCFA E VENTSTHE OLD Y ARD Today Department of C reative and Festival A rts A gostini Street, St A ugustine e UWIs Department of Creative and Festival Arts presents its carnival heritage fair and showcase for Carnival, e Old Yard, a meeting of the masquerade traditions. e Old Yard, which begins at noon, oers a showcase of carnival masquerade traditions of Trinidad and Tobago, the Caribbean and the Americas as a way of extending these traditions beyond their historical location and stimulating contemporary imaginations. For more information, please contact Mr. Joseph Drayton at 645-1955, or Joseph.Drayton@sta.uwi.ed u ANNUAL STUDENT PRODUCTION: SAME KHAKI P ANTS A pril 3-6 (UWI LRC) A pril 10-13 (Little C arib Theatre) Time: 6pm, 8pm Dr Efebo Wilkinsons award-winning play, Same Khaki Pants, will be produced by e UWI and opens on April 3 at the L earning R esource Centre (LR C) at the St Augustine Campus where it runs until April 6. It will then move to the L ittle Carib eatre for the weekend of April 10-13. P lease note that showtimes are all at 8pm, except for Sundays when they are at 6pm. TEN 10th A nniversary of Must C ome See Productions Date: A pril 12 & 13 Time: 7pm National A cademy for the Performing A rts UWI GUITAR ENSEMBLE IN C ONCERT A pril 12 Time: 4pm C entre for Language Learning A uditorium MUSIC OF THE DIASPORA A pril 19 Time: 7pm Daaga A uditorium is is a concert event featuring the UWI Intermediate Steel Ensemble and UWI Indian Classical Ensemble. For more information, please contact the Department of Creative and Festival Arts (DCFA) at 663-2222 or 662-2002 ext. 82510 W ORLD OF W ORK 2014 R ecruitment Fair March 20-21 2014 The World of Work (WOW) programme is an initiative of e UWI and R epublic Bank geared primarily towards equipping nal year UWI students with the necessary tools for succeeding in todays work environment. e R ecruitment Fair will cater to non-nal year students seeking vacation employment on the rst day and the second day is dedicated to nal year students only. For more information, please visit http://sta.uwi.edu/news/wow DISCO VER SERIES A ugust 1-16 2014 India A ugust 3-16 2014 Brazil e University of the West Indies takes you on a journey of exploring the emerging markets of India and Brazil in e UWIs Discover Series a study tour that provides an immersion in the culture, history, politics, architecture and people of these promising economies led by expert academic tour guides. Application deadline for both study tours is February 28, 2014. For more information, please visit http://sta.uwi.edu/discover/ DANIEL PINK DISTINGUISHED LEADERSHIP AND INNO V ATION C ONFERENCE (DLIC) A pril 10, 2014 H yatt R egency, POS e Arthur L ok Jack Graduate School of Business (ALJGSB) hosts its 12th annual Distinguished L eadership and Innovation Conference (D LIC) at the Hyatt R egency Hotel. Daniel P ink is the speaker. For more information, please visit http://sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar/event.asp?id=2074 OPHTHALMIC ULTRASOUND W ORKSHOP March 15-16, 2014 Eric Williams Medical Sciences C omplex The Ophthalmology Unit of the Department of Clinical Surgical Sciences, in conjunction with the Department of Ophthalmic Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, presents a 2-day ophthalmologic ultrasound workshop titled Ophthalmic Ultrasonography, at the E ric Williams Medical Sciences Complex, Mt Hope. R egistration runs until March 7, 2014. For more information, please visit http://sta.uwi.edu/news/ecalendar/event.asp?id=2072